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[ELifrD^TANFORDj? 

NIVERSITV 

watr-rto B' rM9MA5 WCLTsJ^rANFflRD 




V 




THE 

ANNUAL REGISTER, 

OR A VIEW OF THE 

HISTORY, 
POLITICS, 

AND 

LITERATURE, 

For the YEAR 1770. 

The FIFTH EDITION. 




LONDON! 
Printed for J. DoosliYj iii PaUrMoIl, 1794. 




D 
•a 

h'7 




C r ] 



P R E F A C E. 



THE year we treat of, afforded much 
matter for Hiftory, and perhaps ftill 
Bore for Speculation- Though fruitful ia 
great and extraordinary events, it feeraed to 
threaten more than it exprefsly told. A war 
which defolaDed a great part of Europe, and 
might in its confcquences have affecfted the 
political fyftemof thewhole.appeared at this 
time, as little more than a fecondary objcfl of 
confideration. Battles and fieges, the deftruc- 
tion of armies and fleets, and the ruin of 
countries, however diftant thcfccnc of adion, 
Would, in times of lefs bufincfs and import- 
ance, have nearly fupcrfeded all other matter, 
and have been confidered as the only objefls, 
that demanded the carcofthcWritcr, ot that 
claimed the attention of the Public. 



Itl 



n PREFACE. 

In the prefent inftance it has been othcr- 
)vife; and Jiowever mter-eftiag tbeie AitHeAl 
of obfervation or difcuflion may be, others 
have arifen nearer home, by which, as a natioO} 
we are moreimmediately afFeded. Theextra- 
ordinary movements of fome of our great 
neighbours, and the hoftile appearances for 
fome time, on the fide, at lead, of one of 
them, were more than objeds of curiofity ; 
and though the ftorm feems for the prefent 
blown over, it has afforded fufficient caufe for 
reflexion. The iflue of the prefent convul- 
iions in France, whether they terminate in 
increafing the defpotifm of the Monarch, or 
in regaining or enlarging the rights or liber- 
ties of the People, muft be to us a matter of 
great importance. Fortunate, we fliould think 
it, if in this precarious and critical ftate of 
affairs, when almoflevery part of Europe pre- 
fents an ample field for difcuflion; our own 
domeflic concerns were in fo happy a fitua- 
tion, as not to furnifh the Patriot and Politi- 
i:ian with the moft jufl and ferious anxiety 
for the welfare of his own country. 



Wt 




PREFACE. yii 

We hope that fo much matter, and futh 
rarious fubjeds of difcuflion, as have fwelled 
Dur Hiftory beyond thelimits ufually alGgned 
to it, will Aifficiently plead with the Public, 
Tor our being later this year than we intended: 
And that if, upon the whole, we have endea- 
TOuredto give the deareft and mofl impartial 
account of foreign anddomeftic tranfadiont, 
which the limited and imperfed information, 
that can be obtained fo near the time of their 
being afted, will admit of, we ihall ftill con- 
tinue to meet with that indulgence, which 
we have hitherto fo happily experienced. 




THB 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 
For the YEAR 1770. 






THE 



HISTORY 

O F 

EUROPE. 



CHAP. L 

State 9f ibi Belligirint Ptnvers, Ruffia* ConduS tftht Neutral Powers. 
PrehahU c»nfeqMenctj of the *war. Turfy, Firmnefs of the Grand 
Srguior. Probahility of 4 feacf. Sfaittm Fcdklani*s _ Iflands* Great 
Britaiu. Portugal^ 



TH E great faccefles of the 
RoiTians in the two laft 
campaigns, though flatter- 
ing and brilliant, have not been 
produftive of ihofe immediate ad- 
vantages, which would have attend- 
ed conquells of the fame nature in 
oiW pans of the world. The fer- 
tile and extenfive provinces between 
tKe Danube and the Niefter, if they 
wd been fituated in the cultivated 
p'u of Europe or Afia, and fub- 
}^^ 9nly to the well-regulated ra- 
P»ne of a difciplincd army under an 
Vol. Xlll. 



able general, would in themfelvea 
have nearly provided for the fup* 
port of {he war. 

In the prefent infbince, the con- 
quered countries are in fo mined a 
ftate, that inflead of contributing 
to defray the expences of the war, 
they cannot fupply the common ar- 
ticles of fubfiftence ; and forage is 
the principal, if not the onlv aid, 
which they can afford to theur de- 
fenders or affailants. 

The Ruffians will, however, de- 
rive great advantages in the future 

\a\ opera-i 



a] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

oprrations of the war from this ac- the Danube and the Niefter ; Jbj 

ceflion of territory ; and being in their expedition to the Mediierra- 

pofTeflion of all the fortrefTes^ and nean, they leem to have endofed 

the Turks driven totally beyond all Kurope. frcm the bouoro of the 

the Danube, this (late of fccurity. Baltic, to the Streights of the Dar- 

as well as that arifing from the fub- danelles, uithin the line of their 

mifiion of the fiud'ziac Tartars, will hollility. Extraordinary events are 

encourage the remaining natives to feldom brought about, without a 

cultivate their lands and rebuild lingular concurrence of circun* 

their houfes, and the fugitives to ftancea to facilitate their execution; 

return to their country. Nor will and it may perhaps be found, that 

the Turks find it eafy now to renew mod of the great revolutions which 

the war on this fide of the Danube ; have taken place in the hiftoryof 

an attempt, in which they will ex- mankind, would have failed, if 

perience many of the fame difficul- they had been attempted at any 

ties, which we had formerly (hewn oihor time than that precife xra, 

would attend the progrcfs of the which fcemed calculated for their 

Ruffians, if they were to extend completion, and to have removed 

their operations inio Bulgaria, In or Cmoothed every obllacle to their 

either cafe the river will be found a fuccefs. Th's expedition is one of 

very important barrier. thofe remarkable events which could 

Though the Tartars of the Crim have as little tn.ken place, as the 

and Little Tartary, as well as thofe attempt coulJ have been believed 

of Oczacow, have hitherto conti- or forcfcen, at any period of time 

nued firm in their attachment to the prior to the prefent. 

Porte, and have defpifed all the of- it had become the policy of the 

fers as well as threats, which have great European commercial powers, 

been ufcd to detach them from it ; long before RuHia was mitlrefs of a 

yet it can fcarcely be conceived by fl\ip, to fufl'er no new maritime 

the pre.cnt appearance of affairs, flate to fpring up amongll them ; 

that without the intervention of nor did the antiquity of the repub- 

. fome other po.ver, or fome extra- lie of Genoa piotecl her from the 

ordinary and uncxpccl-.'d good for- jcaioufy of Lewia the Fourteenth, 

tunc on liie fide of tlic Turkh, iltey when Ihe, who had before afpired 

can he able to with ft and the pov.cr to be a rival for the commerce of the 

of RulHa fur nnoiher campaign. 'J'hc world, was relhained from building 

Turkiih operations on the Danube fliips in her own docks; and even 

can be cjiifidercd as li:tle more tlian rrillri^lcd as to the poiTefnon of more 

a diver(;on in their favour, ar.d in that) a fpecitied number. Arbi- 

the pre.ent wretched Hate of their traiy precedents of the fame nature 

marine, the fupport by the i>!.::k weic not unknown in antiquity; 

Sea mull be weak and uncertain, and it i> no wonder that the mo- 

Nor is any extraordinary defence dcrn European llates, whofe avi- 

to be expecled from the fortreis of dity for commerce, as foon as ihey 

Oczacow ; fingle and expofed as it hid tailed her fweets, was beyond 

is, without fupport, and the dread- all ibrnier example, and involved 

M fate of Bender before its eyes. them in continual wars amone 

While the lUflians triumph upon iliemfclves for the (hare they (hould 

^ poiTefi 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [j 

ia her favour, fltould eager- b'ltrarily difptays in all the a&tlrg of 

'tn liich precedcDU to their the norib. 

ilvant4ge, and behold every Such, however, are the peculiar 

/aI {Jt it with the extreme^ circuoiltuncea of the prefent times, 

y. and fuch the extraordinary fortune 

r the Greac'i efforts to create of the Empnis Cat;ierine. that with 

and a navy, were beh Id with a very moderate naval force, ill 

tioo as a novelty, and ai the foand and ill provided, and man- 



■dinary aitemptt of a i extt 
■y man. His great Ibips and 
d admiral* were amutin^ lo 
' ^nd lo others in the Baltic. 
;ltruflive to Sweden in the 
ag ftaie of that kingdom. 
DSvaJ force as cojjd be I 



fuch ■ lea, and locked up Oie is to look for i 



ith raiv and unexperienced 
irf, lb: has fent lire and f^ord 
the (bores of Greece, and ihs 
of the Archipelago. 
!reat Britain, indeed, beheld 
>ut uneafinefs, the agi^randize- 
power, in whofe alliancet 



I of little conleque 
^reit commercial Hates; 
the ftrift policy "f thei' 



of lai 



family compact. 
chule to interfere 
mignt bring ir 



(ce to the 
doe* not 

rrel whicli 
Mediterranean 



■red to tbbfe limili. 
piriicularje3touryH'i[h which 
;ditcrtanean po '''ers have at 
e» regarded every intrufion 
: fea, which b^ing luriound. 
tb;ir dominions, they feem 



, ihat it Ibould an EngliJh, to the aid of a RuAiar 



fl.et. The dlftrefs which the Le- 
vant trade futiers, i^ more felt hy 
France than by Gr.;at Britain ; ar4 
Great Britain profits more by tbe 
pT-olperiiy of the Rullian arms and 
than Ibe fuffurs by a tera- 



eafure to confideras their porary fufpenfion ol 



her e 



t of the 






*ing 



) ihc 



tigrefsodhe 



id riuftria: neither of 
which powers C3n fee, wiihout a 
rational alarm, Rufyia becoming the 
mifircli of Poland, and the total 
dcRroyer of tht 



r properly, would in any other in ;hat pai 

llances of public affairs, have dealing! 

an infoj-'crabl; bar to this ihof'- o: 

ize. Nor ii this attempt Rulliin 

repu^naii: to ihe ^jiincipies it mull! 

1 by the commercial llitL-s, of Pruli 
is to the genera! political 
of Europe, which liai been 

and fo eagerly purfued, and 
o ptcfervc a due equilibrium 

ily averfe to the making of out of wli')f; ruins fom 

;oniiuel1s, or lo the forma- formidable might aii 
a new dominion. To all This Mcditerr.iiie 

landing impediments to an ha'hoivever. hitherto. 
; of this nature, may be ad- 
e general dread cnieriainei 

iver-grown power of Kuflii, The patVage of ihc Dardanelles has 

:cnvif)ion of the confequen- not been made good, nor does there 

t have already enfued from fccm any great probability, as it 

piemc afcendant which fhe was not efie^led during the lirft fur- 

utrcd, and which flicfou> prize and confufioii, that it IboulJ 
[J] z fuccced. 



4] ANNUAL REGISTER, ./70. 



fucceedy after the Turks have had 
fo long a time, under the conduct 
of able engineers, to prepare for its 
defence. Neiiher have th: Ruilians 
been able to poiTefs themfclves of an 
idaod or port in the Archipelago, 
of any conCequence, during the 
whole fummer. This expedition, 
however, contributed to embarrafs 
and diftrad the councils of the Porte, 
to keep back fome of their bed 
troops and officers from the Da- 
nube, and by cutting off the fupply 
of provifions by fea, to increafe the 
tumults and diforder at Conftan- 
tlnople. It is alfo probable that it 
encouraged, in a coniiderable de- 
gree, the rebellion that has broken 
out in Egypt. 

None of thefe confequcnces, ex- 
cept the dcllrudion of the Turkiih 
fleet, fcem equivalent to the vaft ex- 
pcnces that hnve attended it, and 
which at prcfent are ill adapted to 
the (late of the Ruffian finances. It 
may alfo perhaps be doubted, whe- 
ther thev have not been counter- 
balancea by the ruin and flau.hter 
of the Greeks, who (eem by fome 
fatality, to be devoted to inevitable 
deflruiUon, wherever the Ruffians 
appear in their favour. 

This confequence was however 
to have b^en expedled, from the ex- 
ceffive ignorance of the Greeks, and 
the inability of the Ruffians to (up- 
port them with eftedl. It does not 
indeed appear to have been good 
policy in Ruffia, to have made (o 
I'atal and ufelefs a trial of the d if- 
pofition of th'ji'e unhappy people. 
It was natural enough that they 
jhould with for a deliverance from 
thrir ^pprviToTi, and that, vain of 
th^ir an:ic*nt naiiunal glor), ihjy 
(h.uid thiu!: ihjroiwlvci p:)ttelicd of 
the virtue o^ their anceilors : their 
ignorance 01 gco^r^^Uy, of the lUtc 



of Europe, and even of the Mhtf 
of Ruffia to affifl them, would fiif« 
ficiently account for any ad of mad- 
nefs that they were capable of com* 
mitting. The Ruffians are* boar- 
ever, too well informed to imigioe 
that a people immeried in a Gor« 
ruption of two thoufand years, bro- 
ken by long flavery, and funk thro* 
every (late of degradation ; whofe 
depravity, and total infenfibiHtyof 
condition, were become proverbial, 
and whofe imaginary bravery only 
depended upon their having never 
feen the face of an enemy, fhoald | 
all at once do more thin inherit the 
valour of their anceftors, and with- 
out difcipline or knowledge of any 
thing martial, not only encounter 
reguUr forces, but fubdue thofe 
conquerors to whom they had ba(e« 
ly fubmitted when they were yet a 
people, and the remuins of a great 
empire. It would feem that this 
trial fhould at lead have been re- 
ferved for a better opportunity; 
when they could have landed a fuf- 
ficient body of forces to have kept 
the field independently of the 
Greeks, whom they were to confi- 
de r only as feeble auxiliaries, but 
willing fubjeds. 

Upon the whole, thii war has 
placed the military character of 
Ruffia in a very high point of view* 
And while their armies have gained 
the greatcft honours in the field* 
their i'ailors have learned to traverfe 
new fcas, and to navigate and fight 
under the diredion ol Englith offi- 
cers. An admiral of our nation of 
high note, and of fuperior know* 
ledge in all ti.c p .res nf his profef^ 
fiun, has gone lately inco their t' r- 
vice; and there is liule room to 
CiOubt under his tuition, and from 
kis acknoA'ledged jU'J(>mcat in the 
cuniiru^'tion ol lhip», but their ina« 

c; line 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[5 



liac will toon make ■ rcry refjpcA- fall down to the Tea, without taking 

abk figure. out chdr heavy loading and gum. 

In other icfpeAi there ii no doubt For thii reafon, the Ruffians built 

boi Rofia will obtain the moll folid the port of Troiiza, a - few miles 

■dvuiiBM), ID confequence of her lower down, but immediately on 

facccfi to thii war ; among which the fea, where they had a good har< 

the cAabliflinient'of fiich a barrier, bour, capable of building and re- 

vwill fccure her whole European ceiving fliips of any burthen. The 

6niiier from the future infalts of Streights of CaSk ire the only na- 

liw Tartan, may be coofidered as vigable communication between the 

an objcA of great importance : ai Black Sea and this of Azoph ; and 



befide* their depopulating and pi 
noting the cnltii-aiion of her bneft fidi 
povincei, (he was at the expence of 
(■ploying ;o,ooo men in peace and 
war, in goardiug the lines upon that 
bag extent of frontier. It i> alio 
litile to be doobted in the prefent 
drtnm (lances, thai the court of 
Pnerfbnrgh will gain the grand and ways 
fatouriie point which hi) been (b ihc g 
long and fo^agerly coveted , of ella' and t 
)lli£)ng a port, or perhapi more that : 
than one) upon the Black Sea ; and the C 
it it as probable that it will urge, 
10 the Htmoft extent, the obtaining 
a liberty to trade upon it in Ruffian 
kottotni. 

The renewing of the fbrtifica- 
boos of Azoph, which were dellroy- 
ed in pnrfnancc of the treaty of the 
year 1759; or even the reftoring 
01 the port of Troitza, or the Tri- 
aiiy, would not aefwer all the pur- 
pclcs, nor at prefent gratily the am- 
bition of the ctHirt of Feierlburgh, 
Th's city, which is the meiropolis 
of the Cuban Tartary, lies on the 
.A£atic Ihore of the ancient Tanai 



the Turks are mailers on both 
by erecting proper foriifica- 
at Jenicola in Crim Tartary, 
and on the oppofite Ihore of the 
illand of Taman, which form the 
Streighc, they might command the 
navigation of it. Notwichftanding 
thele impediments, Azoph hac al- 
en confidcrcd ai a place of 
iicll importance co Raffia, 
and was accordingly t!ie lirll objeCl 
that attrafied the ambition of Peter 
the Great ; who, as foon as he found 
himfelf fole mafler by the death of 
hii brother, and that the Turks 
were engaged in a lofing war wiUi 
the Emperor and Venice, took th.tt 
opportunity in the year 1 696, to be- 
ficge and take it. The had Rate of 
the Turkilh affairs, togeiher with 
hii being included as an ally by the 
olher holhle powers, obliged iheni 
to cede it to him by ihe treaty of 
Carlowilz ; and nothing but the 
imminent clanger in uhich both he 
and bis army were involved many 
vears after upon the banks of the 
.[h, could have obliged him to 



t called the Don, a few miles reflore it. 

fnin its jun^on with the eallcrn Pirn that lie immediately on the 

cstremity of the Palus Meotii, which Black Sea, are the Icall that it can be 

BOW takes its name from the city. expeAed will now content Rullta ; 

Though the harbour of Azoph was and thofe of Oczacow and Kimburn, 

capable of receiving vcITels of con- fituaicd onriiherfideof the mouthof 

£aerable fize, yet liom fome fhoals ihegreatriveiBDrylihenrsorNieper, 

that ciofled the nvernear the mouth, are ready to drop into their hands, 

tAufe of a cetuin burthen could not Thcfe foroelFcs, together with Ben- 
[^] J der. 



6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



der, and Bialgorod, both on the Nie- 
fter, and which are already in their 
poffcSion, would, befides a fjHiclent 
length of fea-coall, and a great ex- 
lent of coantry, give them the iole 
command of thefc great rivers, and 
fhut in the remaining Tartars in 
fuch a manner, as would totally 
prevent their future incurfions. 

Another part of the great primary 
defign formed by the court of Pe- 
ter(burgh, dill remains for comple- 
tion i and is a matter of fuch im- 
portance, as to render its ifTue much 
more doubtful than thofe we have 
already mentioned. The obtaining 
of a free right of trade to and from 
the Mediterranean, diredly through 
the Streights of the Dardanelles, is 
an innovation of fuch a nature, and 
pregnant with fuch confequences, 
as cannot fail to be ferioully alarm- 
ing to moil of the commercial ilates 
of Europe. Without pretending to 
enter into the motives which may 
operate upon the prefent ruling fyC- 
tern of policy, it is certain that in 
the war of the year 1739» ^^^ mini- 
ileri of the maritime powets at Con- 
itantinople, though their refpedtive 
courts were dircdlly adverfe in all 
other politics to that of Verfailles, 
in this inlUnce coincided with it, 
and equally oppoicd the Ruitians 
obtaining any (hare of the Levant 
or Mediterranean trade. Nor is it 
to be thought that any thing but 
the moll extreme necefllcy, and eve- 
ty other hope of prefcrving a tem- 
porary cxiilence being at an end, 
can ever bring the Porte to fuhmit 
to fo fatal a conccllion. The 'i'ur- 
kiOi empire no longer exills, when 
Raiila becomes mitlrefs of tne Buck 
Sea. 

We take thefe to be the outlines 
of the great purpofes, which the 
coartof Peteribargh wiflies to ac« 



complifh, in confequence of its fuc- 
cefs in this war. To fecure for the 
future, with little expence, an al- 
moil unbounded length of frontier, 
which has been hitherto badly 
maintained bylines, and an endlefs 
chain of forts ; to gain, along with 
fecurity, a large acceifion of new 
territory and new fubjeds ; to ac« 
quire a great and extcnftv'e com- 
merce ; and to become a firft-4'ate 
maritime power, are objedla ade- 
quate to fuch fucccTs. 

The Grand Signior has borne with 
amazing firmneis, the heavy loiTes 
and misfortunes of the war ; nor 
have his licentious foldiers, nor tu- 
multuous fubjeds, gone to thofe ex- 
tremities, which pad experience of 
their condud would have given room 
to expe£l, under fuch a (eries of ca- 
lamities. Neither have thcfe mighty 
evils, nor the dangers with which he 
is furrounded, dillurbed trie equani- 
mity of this prince's mind, or pre* 
cipitated him in the manner of his 
ancedors, to ads of injuftice, vio- 
lence and cruelty ; on the contrary 
we fee, that with a lenity before un- 
heard of at the Porte, the muft un- 
fortunate of his commanders (ex- 
cept in the fingle indance of the 
capatan. pacha or high admiral) not 
only efcape with their lives, but 
without any other puniihment than 
their removal to oiher departments, 
from thofe oi?ices, in which they 
were unfortunTite. The fame mo- 
deration is obfervable to his Chrif- 
tian fubjcds ; and notwithftanding 
the rebellion of the Greeks and the 
unheard of violences and barbari* 
ties they committed, we hear of no 
vengeance that he has taken, either 
upon the perfons or goods of their 
inoifending brethren. The vil- 
lainies committed by the failort and 
dei'erttrs* or the milchiefs occafion- 

ed 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



' the nge of the populace in 
ci(ic», are out of ihi; quc ftion ; 
>cii g equally outrafjcs to go- 
leni ai to the {uffcrcr; a -.d ai 
le»erelv pnniihed at different 

Su.h'enorinuics, inlrfs uy- 
:d Iris healing circunillanccs, 
been ion often pra^ik-d in 
ie- whrre a more perfect lorm 
-.eiDine-.t, and a purer reli- 
ifere boaileii. 

aiever ihe confequencrsof ihe 
ay '-'■:, ih i prince hai noc hi- 
JCp-artc- ,r<im his proper dig- 
> avoid :nem; ar d if he h.tt 

conii^:nce in fotne fupport 
«h..:h tbe public are unac- 
cd, h.i cOTiUancy in this in- 

is irul/ remarkal.lL-. We 
io.Aiih:Uniiing the anparal- 
jife* Pt the preil'iit year, tiuc 

m-kitig every preparjiiun 
port the uar, ind to carry 

eniui.-g campaig. with vi- 

anJ it kii been rumoured 
; i. 'tended lo coinmai^d the 
army in perlon. 

Turiij .ire. however, no lon- 
■ iJine; and it -oulJ require 
han ihe a!>iiitics ot the Uzar 

u^;. eiiier to civ.lizc tin; fa- 
'd inltrua the ignotaiu, than 
imthi^degeneraietro.iwivrt- 

habi:.-. 'Ihisvart.ill fojnd- 
un.vctld)' empire, iecinj ,ii- 

tj iNg to it, (..il, atid Lo- 
ot itt lituailoii could !uppt>r[ 

I longer. Its Eurtipean pof- 
brii.g it, in a coniiJcrable 
wiihm ihc fyi^em of the 
uropt-n rccuiiiic; a hajpy 

lar.ce at prtient to the Ot- 

noble provinces of Greece, 
itic lurky, and Ej.'ypl, to- 
*i:h ih: numerous ivIeditLT- 
illandi, the Signer/ of the 



Black Sea, ind it) adjoining pro- 
vinces, from fituaiion, prt>du£ls, and 
nuiDbcrle;! other advantages, might 
become in any other hand*, and any 
other furm of government, the cen- 
ter of commerce, riches, and power; 
and thi* greateft cirptre perhaps in 
the world. Even a divilion of the 
rpoil would totally change the faca 
of affairs in Europe; atid perhapt 
caule as great a revolution in riches, 
power, and commerce, i» the dif- 
covery of America did. While the 
indolence, religious principles, and 
wretched policy of the Turk*, pre- 
vent their making a proper ufc of 
thofe blefiings, which fortune has fo 
fruitiefsly bellowed opon them, it 
is the general interelt of the i-e(l of 
Etiropc, that they Ibould continue 
in fuch improvident hands. In anv 
other, fuch powers would have been 
dangerous, if not fatal. 

It may perhapi be worth remem- 
brance, that within little more than 
two hundred years, a bold pirate, 
>^i[h only the Icum and outcalls of 
the Levant, became lorereign of the 
fea, dcltroycd and founded king- 
doms, and made half the Ibores of 
J-iirope trtmble. The military ge- 
nius and k:iowledge of the Turks 
arc now exilndi. They are no lon- 
ger terrible ; and befidcs the fafety ' 
iii.li ariiiis fium ihcir weaknefs, and 
l.iKn their ignoranc- in maritime 
aa':iirs. the commercial Hates carry 
on an advantageous trade for and 
ui:h them ; and thro' their want of 
ii^Juitry. have the additional bene- 
fit of fieighi, for conveying their 
commodities from one part of the 
empire to the other. 

Such fitms 10 be the prefent 
ftate of thi: belligerent powers ; 
and notwitiillanding the great fuc- 
ceiTi's of RuHia, we cannot think 
lliat peace, upon fuch advaotage- 
[^J + out 



t} ANNUAL REGlSTfiR, 1770. 



0118 terms as (he may equitably re- 
qaire* can be an ande Arable ob- 
jed to ber. The expences of fo 
complicated 1 war, carried on by 
Tea and land at fuch a diftance 
from her dotninions, are far be- 
yond what her finances can bear. 
Recruiting, in Raffia, from the 
vail diilanCe of the provinces, the 
length of time taken, and the dif- 
ficulties that occur in traverfing 
fuch Ijoundlefs and inhofpltable 
defarts as lie between them, and 
above all from the mortal averfion 
to the fervice which pofTciTes the 
people, is attended with greater 
lofs and difficulty, than in any 
other country in the world. For 
though the diitridls are obliged to 
furnifh their quotas of men, they 
muft be flri^ly and flrongly guarded 
by a fuperior force, from thence 
to the place of their deftination^ 
fo that the number of troops em- 
ployed upon this bufinefs is almoft 
incredible ; and notwithftanding 
the utmoft care that can be taken, 
they frequently lofe half the re- 
crjiits, before they join their re- 
giments ; which can be eafily con- 
ceived from the numberlefs op- 
portunities of efcape that mud pre- 
fent. in a journev perhaps of three 
or four thoufana miles, and which 
frequently lafts for feveral months : 
nor does the evil reft here, for as 
the deferter^ (from the particular 
form of the government) can never 
return to their homes, nor mix 
again with the community, they 
are obliged to retire to the woods, 
where they herd in conGderable 
bodies, and continue for the refl 
of their lives in the moil favage 
ilate, (uh^tdn^ by robbery, and 
committing innamerable mur- 
deri. 



It it alfo obfervable, that thtf 
Ruffians, though bred in a nor^ 
thern climate, and naturally ro- 
buft and of (Irong bodies, lofe 
more men by ficknefs in a cam- 
paign than any other armies in the 
world ; this, in a great meafure, 
may be imputed to the conilant 
habit of the extreme hot vapour 
baths, which they ufe regularly 
twice a week when at home, and 
thereby caufe a mod violent per- 
fpiration ; and with which it is im- 
poffible they (hould be fupplied in 
a camp. The feYerity of their 
lents, which take up more than 
half the year, contribute alfo to 
this mortality ; for though the 
clergy, not only diipenfe with their 
keeping them when on fervice, but 
by order of the court have taken 
great pains to recommend the con- 
trary, they are, notwithftanding 
fo fuperftitionfly attached to them, 
that they will endure any thing, 
even death, fooner than be guilty 
of the fmalleft violation of the 
rules* 

Depopulation is the bane of 
Ruffia; and the lofs of lives in 
this war muft be prodigious, and 
for the length of time, greatly ex- 
ceed that of any former period. 
How fenfible fhe is of the heavy 
expences of the war, is evident 
from the large loans which (he has 
negociated at Amfterdam and other 
places, and which ftie had at- 
tempted at Venice, till the rt verfe 
of fortune in the Morel damped 
the fpirit of the lenders. 

As to an intention of puihing 
her conquefts much farther, or 
even an obftinate determination of 
retaining the Danubian provinces^ 
it is probably no part of the pre- 
fcnt fyftem of Ruffia« Such a coa« 

daft 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[9 



iuBt ntgfat give too much Dmbrage 
H> her gnu ftnd jeilotu neign. 
boon, who thoogh GlcDt fpcAa- 
ton. fiaad rodf ».rmti, wttchfully 
■iBDtire to all the eveati of the 
war. She lui the balance obw' in 
Jkt hand* ; the coDfequcDCea that 
lajr atteod a pcrfeverance 



frigate for twrniy dajri, and the 
taking off of her rudder, in time 
of prr'^Duid peace between the two 
nation), v/»t an injury of fuch » 
naiuie, ai kaicely left rocm for a 
hope [hat ihefe evils could have 
been averted. 

imodation haa.hotvevert 



warmaft be very nncertain; bat no taken placefince iheendoftbeyeari 

peace can be propofed in ber pre- which, for the prefent, hai in fome 

lent fnperioricy, that will not add degree ftinned over the fare, with- 

highly to her poweri fpiendour, and out removing the caufei from which 

adVaatage. it proceeded. The continuatioa of 

Oa the other hand, the pr'at the general repofe, feems, indeed, 

loAcs which the Porte hat fullained, principally owing to accidental or 

the hopcleflneri of being able to unforefeen evenu: of thele, mzj 

recover them in the prefent Hate of principally be confideied the cala- 

AA armtrt, the danger to which midei of the people in Prance, 

tbcir illandt are fnbjefl from the proceeding from civil dibadions, 

kability of the marine to proiefl from tempelh, torrenia, an carth- 

^m, and the revolution in E^ ypt, quake which nearly ruined the 



Bihich requires to be fpeedily check- 
ed, before Ali Bey extends hi) con- 



id of St. Domingo ; and a 

from the inclemcDcy 



: toul loii of 



qaeili, and has time to eftablith his of the feafons ; to all which may 
goremment ; all ihefe caufei make l. _ii.i .■. i «..■■» . 
peace much t» be wilhed for at 
Conflantinople, and worth the pur- 
chafe, at any price, almoU, which 
it can be fuppofed Ruffia will think 
it prudent to Gz upon it. Upon 
ike whole, from the prefent appear. 



added the i 
public credit, 

ordinary meafures cakea lall year, 
and purfued in this, in regard to 
their funds : to thefe caufcs we are 
probably only to lack for the pre- 
fervilion of the general tranquil- 
uces on both lides, we fhould lity, ai it cannot be imagined that 
imagine peace not to be at a great Spain would have ventured opoii 
diftance. the Comn:i!iIon of fo during an 2'ft 

While the rage of war was lay- of hodility, againll a naiioa whcfe 
iog waflc the countries from the power Ibc had fo lately and fa 
north-call to the foulh of Europe, latally expcricncrJ, if fhe had not 
ill calamities were very near being a full alTurance at the time that it 
extended to the weft and center, wag refolveJ on, of being eH^'cflu* 
and might pcllibly in its conic- ally fupported by all the other 
qoevces have nearly involved the branchesof the Bourbon line. Nor 



whole. The violent afl of hodilii 
committed by Spain, in difpolTeffing 
England by force of its feulemcnt 
io Falkland's illand), accompanied 
with a new and unheard-of infult 



was the objefl 
degree of fufficteot »i 
rize (he rifque of a v 
not been biendsd 



tth t. 



a:h^ 



f the i)l difpolition of that 



fcred to the Britilh flag, bv the family to Great Briuin, 
fivdble deuntlon of a King's jealoufy arilJng from the progrcfi 

of 



lo] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



of the Ruffians in tlie Levant, 
had not operated with fuperior 
force. 

The whole attention of the court 
of Spain has accordingly been 
taken up during the prelent year 
in preparations for a war. We 
have formerly obferved^ that no 
pains or expence had been fpared, 
for fome years pad, in putting their 
Weil- India poiTeflions in a mod re- 
fpeflable (late of defence : this has 
been continued with redoubled di- 
ligence, while large bodies of 
troops have been fucceflively em- 
barked from Europe for that quar- 
ter, and a very formidable naval 
force was preparing at the Ha- 
▼anna. 

At home every thing bore the 
face or war. Levies were made 
with the greated indudry ; all young 
sncn above the age of fifteen were 
enrolled ; the troops were marched 
from the interior provinces to the 
fea-coads, where great quantities 
of heavy artillery and dorcs were 
alfo fcnt, to put the tortredes there 
in the bed date of defence. The 
city and port of Cadie were par- 
ticularly attended to, and fuch 
fpceJy meafurcs taken for its de- 
fence, as fudicicntly indicated the 
apprehcnfion of an attack. The 
navy was already in fuch a date, 
as diewcd that the prcfcnc event 
was by no means uncxpeflcd. A 
lliong fleet was formed at Icrrol, 
and there were confidcrable fqua- 
drons dationcd both at Carthagena 
and at Cadiz. Every thing both 
at Tea and land fccmed to threaten 
an immediate attack upon Gibral- 
tar, which wa* but weakly garri- 
foned, and could have expected no 
timely ailida'!ce fiom home for its 
prr.t«<f\icn. A fimilur defign feemed 
to be formed in the >Vcd-Jndie< 



againd the idand of Jamaica, which 
feemed to be in equal circamdancet 
of danger, as there was no naval 
force in that quarter that could 
have prevented its taking place. 
Upon the whole, whatever the 
circum dances were that prevented 
a war at the prefent jan£lure, they 
feem to have been highly fortunate 
to England, as, thro' fome unac- 
countable negligence, we were to- 
tally unprepared, both at home and 
abroad, for an event which all 
Europe expected to take place ; 
and our navy was far from being in 
that immediate date of fervice, 
which it diould always be in a 
great maritime country like this, 
whofe power and fecurity depend 
in fo great a degree upon its ma- 
rine. 

The fame weak and cruel fydem, 
which has fo long difg raced the 
government of Portugal, becomes 
every day more glaring and dread* 
ful in its edcds, and feems finally 
*to threaten the total ruin of that 
country. Real or pretended con- 
fpiracies with all the cruel con- 
fequenccs peculiar to that govern- 
ment, are now fo common as to 
excite neither furprize nor pity. 
At the fame time, private execu- 
tions, without any form or pre- 
tence of trial, the mod dreadful 
and abhorred by mankind, of all 
the vices of defpotifm, are faid to 
be the prJ'cnt favourite mode of 
removing the obnoxious, and may 
be confidcred as the completion 
of this fydem. The prime mini- 
der, the principal aftor in the 
tragedy, does not feem to be much 
more at his eafe than the fpedla- 
tors ; and has arrived at that ul- 
timate perfedtion of tyranny, the 
fear of being feen by his fellow- 
citizenSf wiiluHit a drong military 

guard 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



t-i 



gnrd It a pratedion againft tbeir 
fd'eatiDfni. 

We WiYt freqoently had ocnGon 
to obferve with rej^rei, the un- 
fitendiy tri-atnent which the Eng- 
lilh have 'or lome jeart nier wiih, 
in tne c-Mirfe of their commerce 
with this GiHintry ; and wh ch li^i 
been coniinaally J .creaFng, ever 
fince ih.- derpoiifm of the prrfcnt 
minis r hl^ b-ei; fully eab.ilhed. 
Grejt hi'p« h»d been Ibrmed at 
diffrrent limot upon the appoint- 
ment ot new miniiler* to that rouri, 
t.at ihey were endued with liich 
pjwert, aid would have purfued 
Ulr meafures, ai by reinltating 
milters upon their natural bafia, 
and recurring to the fpiril of the 
ULatie) tuiiiltmg bi^iiveen thL- two 
Di:inn*. wr<iilil nave finally trrnii' 
GK-d i\\ diipjies, and have guard- 
ej eiT.'dj.ill. for the future, a^ainft 
ih -I'r opprirSiotii and continued 
cau 01 of c 'mplaini, under which 
to; Britiih merchanu and fa&ory 



hid fo long laboured. The pub- 
lic, befidci being deeply iatereJted, 
were the more fanguine in thcfc ex- 
peflaiioni, :9 it leemed to require 
no great depih ot argument, nor 
any veiy Ipt-cious colouring, to 
cimvincc the court of Portugal how 
cnJucive it was to iti intereft, and 
h'>w neceffary even to its fafety, to 
cultivate ihe friend<hip of Great 
BriLain, and to preferve inviola- 
bly ihofe treaties, which had been 
founded upon the wifeft policy, for 
the mutual benefit of both nationt. 
B;:lide3, no new claim was fet up, 
no right nor privikge demanded, 
but what had been eltabli(hed by 
mutual concurrence, and coafirm- 
ed by the uninterrupted ufage of a 
long fuccefliim of years : and it 
could be eafily proved, that the ad- 
vantages arifing from the alliance 
and fricndlhip fubGlHng between 
the 1*0 nations, were to the full 
as much in favour of Portugal as 
England. 



jlcccual cf 



CHAP. II. 



ir m lit DaKkit. Stale ef iht arin'ti during the •wimer. 

lis csuHirici that loert ibejt.il kf the luar. BattU at the 

,a v.-ht,h tb, Kam if ihj Tartan .j ^tf,.aled. Grand ^1: 

Dui he. Gnat tallle foagbt beliutm the Prulh and the Cahul, 

'^bicb General R^maizs.v gained a cenpleat ijia-y. The Turks p 

l\ia IB the Danube, and Mg.-J 10 crc/i thai ri vtr •wilb great io/i. 



■arga. 



TH B new grand vizir Halil 
Bev, diJ not arrive at the 
camp ncar'ihe D^nuSe 'lill the lat- 
ter end (if tl e vear, though h? had 
nicd the utmoli CKpcLliiion fur thst 
purpoie, at ihe difordcrs committed 
by the J mizarici and other loldi' 
crt, became every day more al rm- 
inj. Tne ri.ltoring of any dt'grcc 
CI order and fuboroination, among 
f.ch liceutiout and mutinoui troops. 



who had long indulged themfelrei 
in the moll intolerable exceffe*, and 
liad already malTacrcd feveral of 
their prin.ipal officers, and were 
more Jilpot'ed 10 theath their fwordt 
in each o:hers brealls, than to face 
an enemy, prefented fuch difficult 
tie:;, as perhapi neither the cou- 
rage, nor abiliiies of the vizir could 
have furmounied, if he had not 
taicett the prudent precaution, of 
being 



la] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



being attended by fourfcore males, 
loaded with gold and filver coin. 
A proper diftribution of ibis mo- 
ney, had however its efFedt, and 
enabled him* in fome degree, to 
bring about a reformation that was 
fo much wanted. 

As the provinces of Moldavia 
and Walaclua, were obje^s of the 
greateft importance to the Porte> 
the vizir determined, if pofiible, to 
pToBt during the winter^ of the 
dillance of General Romanzow's 
army, and however contrary to the 
genius of his troops, to triumph for 
once over the inclemency of the 
feafon. This projed was the more 
capable of fuccefs, as the Turks 
were not only mafters of the Da- 
nube, but were dill po(refl*ed of 
Ibrailow, and fome other fortreiTes 
in VValachia. The delign was 
worthy of a commander, and if it 
fucceeded to its full extent, the 
vizir would have had the honour 
to have retrieved during} the win- 
ter, the fatal mifcarriages of Mol- 
dovangi All Pacha, and the cam- 
paign would again have been open- 
ed on the banks of the Nieller. 

in confequence of this determi- 
pation, the Ruffians, who were lla- 
tioned in the conquered provinces, 
found that neither the ieafon, nor 
the fuccefTes of the late campaign, 
were fufiicient to procure them rell 
or fat'ety in their quarters. A con- 
tinued and cruel war was carried 
on during the loog enfuing winter 
tod fpring, in which a number of 
fmall but bloody engagements were 
fought, of which we have but few 
particulars, and thofe that are given 
very imperfcd), and contradidory 
in every circumllance of placCj 
time, and event. 

Upon the whole, thefe anions 
were not produdUve of any coofe- 



qaence of great moment ; at the 
fame time that they were attended 
with the lofs of a great number of ' 
men, and the troops were haraiTed 
and ruined on both (ides. The 
Ruffians were in general fuccefsful 
in the field ; which indeed may be 
concluded, as well from the fuc- 
ceeding, as the. preceding fortune 
and condudl of the war. Thus the 
grand vizir's defign did not take 
place in its full extent, which was 
to drive the Ruffians beyond the 
Nieftcr, and make that river, fo 
far as the fortrefs of Choczim would 
admit, once more the line between 
the two armies at the opening of 
the campaign : it however fucceed- 
ed in part, and if every thing elfe 
had been equal between them, the 
confequences might have been very 
confidcrable ; having it in his powtr 
to throw frefb troops whenever be 
pleafed over the Danube, he not 
only removed the enemy totally 
from the borders of that river ; but 
he by degrees fo (Ireightened them 
in their quarters, and they were fo 
weakened by fatigue and the con- 
tinued lofs of men, that^he reco- 
vered the whole province of Wala- 
chia, and the lower part of Molda- 
via, and thereby opened the com- 
munication again by land, with 
Beil'arabia and the Tartars. . 

In the mean time the country 
prefented a fceneofthe mod dread- 
ful defolation ; every thing was de- 
(Iroyed ; fuch of the wretched in- 
habitants, as had not the fortune 
to efcape to the neighbouring coun- 
tries, naked and dcftitute of every 
thing, became either (laves to the 
Tartars, or vidims to the revenge 
and fury of the Turks. Ac length* 
having compleated the redudlloo of 
the province, the vizir appointed 
Monalfchif i Greek of great cou- 

rar 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [ij 

tage tad ability, ta be Holpoilir of the grand vixir's army would hive 

It, in the room of Greeono Giko, imoanted to [vra handred thoufand 

who <mt then at PeterlbDr^h, and men ; and ii i» probable that if the 

mi cbarged with bctraymg the Tartan are included u a part of 

coantrj to the RnfSaiM^ The it, and the different detachiDent* 

Torkiih revenge beinp alfo fated, taken in, it may not fall Aiort of 

it wai too laie coDfidered, that a that number. It was however verjr 

coDHtry without inhabitanii could fickly; malignant feveri of the 

be of little afe to the polTeflbr, and moll dangerous kind, which 6naIIy 

the viair iSiied an inelfeftual pro- terminated in the plague, having 

damaiion. to afTure the Greek* of through the whole courfe of the 

prateAion, and to encourage the year made a dreadful havock in it, 

ngitives to rctnin to their codq- The war in the Morea contributed 

Uj. to Icffcn itj numbers considerably. 

The Rnffian generaU were not and its force. much more, aa the 

nuch mere at eaf*, thoagh in fer- Albanian* and Epirots, who were 

vice of left danger, who were em- employed upon that fervicc, are 

ployed during the winter upon the among the braveU foldiers in the 

long extended frontier of Poland Turkilh empire, 

and tbe Ukraine, than thofe who We have fern no authentic lilt 

were ftationed in the Danubian of the RulTian fcrcei that were on 

prorincei. Here tbe Tartars re- aflual fervicE in this campaign. By 

acwed their callomary ravages, and the beft accounts that have been 

thoagh ihefe tncorlion) were at- publilhed ofthe Itatc of tbi^ empire. 



tended with 

that they were fometimes fevcrely 
chaflifed, their route, whether vic- 
ton or vanquilhed, U generally fa- 
tal to the inhabitants of the coun- 
tries through which they paft. 

The Rellian troops difperfed in 
different parts of Poland, were as 
fully employed by the confederates, 
«ho Teemed to increafe in courage 
and boldneft, if not in numbers, 
by their coniinued lolfes. Thus 
the army under the command of tti 
General Romanzow on the banks .1^ 
of the Nielter, wai ilie only par: ei' 
of ihe Rulliai forces, ' 



r;oy « 



ing the » 



and thjt wn) cxrmpt from th:: fa- 
ti^ufi and dangers of ibe war. 

Great pr<-p;<iaiiuns were mid^ 
01 both GJe» tor the opening of 
&.' campaign ; and the P.jrte ftem- 

iti paft IoITm. It was repoited that 



ippears ihatRuOiaci 
means fupport above 130,000 re- 
gular forces, for any ccnilderible 
length of lime out of the country ; 
and that the armies employed in her 
former wars, were generally much 
Ihort of that number. As 'to the 
irregular troops, of ivbich Ihe can 
empl.iy !'J"^ amazing numbers, they 
are only of ufe in fuch wiMs aa art 
generally the fcene of their opera- 
"*"is, and againll fuch enemies as 
Tartars ; if ihcy were to aft 
linlt regular forces, and in lit 
bird country, ihcy would ruin 
ir fHends inllead of their ene- 
;). Winterer the numbers were, 
y ucrc this campaign divided in- 
many pzr.i i the' 



by (;."in 



il Rot 



by O 



he fiJl 
lin, Gencr?.] Prolb- 
d toiiatd- Ocr'Vow. 
the head uf a conlidercble body 
of 



14] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

of troops, and General Berg agaioft excellency of the prodadls, are par* 
Crim Tartary with another. As no haps eqaal to any, and are crrrtainly 
fervice was expe^ed from the two fuperior to moft in Europe. From 
lafty more than to cha(lire> and keep the farprizing laxuriaacy of their 
the Tartars in awe» it is probable pailures, which are fcarcely to be 
that their detachments coalifted al- parallefed in any part of the world, 
mod entirely of irregulars, and that they produced, befides admirable 
the two armies commanded by Ge- horfes, almoft incredible numbers 
neral Romanzow and Count Panin, of excellent oxen and (heep, with 
contained the greatell part of the which, notwithftanding the repeat- 
regular forces. ed calamities they have undergone. 

The campaign, from the dcfolate they have long iupported ihe mar- 
flate of the adjoining countries, ketsof Conftantinople. Their other 
could not be opened early on either products in corn, wine, oil, honey 
fide, and it was not rill the end and wax, bcfides a great variety of 
of May that General Romanzow's mines, were*, in a date of culture, 
army had paffed the Nieder, near equal to thofe we have already roen- 
Choczim, though there was no tioned. The people were ca!cu- 
enemy in that quarter to impede lated to enjoy thele bleifings, being 
his progrefs. The greater part of able-bodied, brave, and warlike, 
the Grand Vizir's army, alfocrofTed Their power was fuch, that not- 
the Danube in the beginning of witnftanding their groaning under 
June, and it was computed that a cruel and execrable domeflic go- 
in that month, there were above vernment, the prince of Walachia* 
300,000 combatants mortally bent a few centuries ago, was able at a 
upon each others deilrudion, en- (hort notice, to bring from thac 
clofcd in the provinces of Molda- province only, 70,000 men into the 
via, Walachia and BefTarabia. field againd the Turks. 

Thefe three provinces, along AH thefe advantages were infaf- 

with Tranfylvania, formed much iicient to protect them againd fini- 

thc greatcd and mod confiderable fier events. The primary caufe of 

part of the ancient Dacia. They their ruin, was the cruel and arbi- 

lie between the 43d and 48th de- trary conduct of their dcH^ots: the 

grees of latitude, and are defended bad neighbourhood of the Germans 

on three fides, by the Nieder, the and Turks, equally inildious and 

Black Sea, and the Danube; the oppredive in their dcfigns, and ever 

former on the north feparates Mol- watchful to take an advantage of 

davia and BefTarabia from Poland their didTenfions, precipitated their 

and Little Tartary, the Black Sea dedruflion; the wretched policy* 

is the boundary on the ead, and and cruel government of the Porte, 

the Danube (huts in Walachia, have compleated it. Thus have 

from Bulgaria and Servia on the thefe fine countries been reduced to 

fottth ; Tranfylvania and the Ban- little better than a defart ; and luch 

nat of Temefwar, form the wedern are the unhappy efFeds of a cruel 

boundary. Thefe countries, whe- ind defpotic government, to ren- 

ther we cqnfider the happinefs of der vain all the bounties of nature, 

the climate, the extraordinary fcr- and to make the fined {arts of the 

ulity in general of the foil, or the globe, equally derile and iohofpi- 

tablo 




• HISTORY OF EUROPE. [ij 

•iih iu Boft banen noan- «4iich never exceeded, Imh wu ge- 
nerally madi nader 80,00a mem. 

iml Romamcnr, after croffiDg For the proteAion of thi* cnomoH 

efter, moved very flovtf te< trua of orriaget, the arnijr maft 

the Pruib : both tHcfe rivera be thrown inio reveral Urge divifi- 

. Poland, aad bold a parallel ons, wfaich are formed into great 

, mnning from the north- well fqaaret, u the center of whicl) Um 

foath-caft ; the tatter enteri provifioni and baggage are placed, 

ivia above ChtKziin, where it and in thii order they are obliged 

I way through the Carpathian to march ; a method of fecuricy out 

aiai, which fill np the narrow cnnld only be adc^ted in thofe 

y between the riven, that boandleTs and level plaint, which 

K here above twenty inilei create the necefliiy. ' 

r, and fiinn the dangeroot de- Snch impediment* eafily accMBt 

:al1ed the Sreigkti of Tfcher- for the flownefi of General Romaa- 

i, or Precop, celebrated in zow'a motioni, which were proba- 

for tke nnrober of remark- bly guided at the fame time by 

aitles, that have been fought ihofe of Count Panin, who waa 

near them. The Pmth runi marching along the Niefter with s 

'hole length of Moldavia, train of heavy artillery, and all tho 

it dividei into two parti, the other apparatm neceflary to Ibrm 

y between the riven growing the fiege of Bender. Several great 

[tally wider, from its parting detachments from the hoRile ar- 

louniains to near.iti conflu- mies, were alfo contending for ths 

'ith ihe Danube, where they pofleffion of the country, which liea 

rar aoo milei afander, tnd between the Mcddau, the Pmth* 

t the whtde province of Bef- and the Sereth ; in the courie af 

I between them. which feveral engagemenia had 

Ruffian army firQ direAed happened, an,d more than one of 

irfe to Jafly the capital of ihe Ruffian Generals were faid to 

via, fituaied on the Pmth, h»-c been roughly treated, Thefe 

100 milei to the fonth-eafl of events, though (6 obfcurely and 

im ; a great part of ihe inter- imperfefily told aa not to admit of 

le country is naturally a de- a detail, and afterwards totally ab- 

:ujg lotallydeitiinte of water, fotbed in the glare of fuccefi that 

: th*y were obliged to carry followed, had probably an inflaence 

'tide, a« well as every other on the coaduft of the grand army, 

ofprovifionaloQg with them, as it is not oiherwife eafy to ac< 

perations of a war in thofe count, how it fiioold have fpeni 

), mull feem very ftrange to near a month after it) departor« 

( have been only acquainted from Choczim, without an enemy, 

■at art in the cultivated pans that we have any account of being 

ope. It appears that in the in the way, in advancing leC* than 

igns made by Count Munich, 300 miles. 

the war of the year t736. However ibii was, General Ro- 

ieneral found a necelTiiy of manzow bavini; left JalTy to the 

itly employing 90,000 wag- right, advanced along the courfe of 

for the fupply of an army, the Ptutb, till he arritwd at that 

part 



i61 ANNUAL RE 

part oftht river» which« fo far as we 
can comprehend the account, icems 
to have been nearly parallel to fiv-n- 
dtr ; from which it was diilaiH 
about 1 20 miles. In the mean time 
m conftderable army of Turks and 
Tartars marched along on the fame 
iideof the river to meet 
Jone 25th. them. When the two ar- 
mies came in fight, the 
Turks immediately, and with great 
judgment,' changed their pofition, 
and took pofTcilion of a moti advan- 
tagcou's camp, which they as lud- 
denly forii£.e4 in (he llrongeft man- 
Bcr. 

This army was commanded by 
Capian Ghieri, Kan of the Crimea; 
a mark to him of the greateil ho- 
nour, and of uncommon confidence 
in the Porte ; for as thel'e Kans are 
jbeifb to the empire, in failure of 
iflue in the Ottoman line» it haS 
been the cooftant policy of thit 
family, not to entrufV them with 
the fuprcme command of a Tukilh 
army. This prince had three ba- 
fha's under his command, and the 
army was faid to confift of about 
80,000 men. The ground on which 
they encamped, was a (beep, rocky, 
and almoft inacceffible emi.ience, 
wliich the Ruffian account calls a 
mount tin, covered on one fi !e by 
the Pruth, and on the other by the 
little river Larga. 

This camp was fo well chofen, 
and the ground fo difHcuU, that 
Bctwithftanding the repealed efforts 
4»f General Roma:!'.:o\v to h«inr» on 
an engagement, it was above inrcc 
weeks before he cou!^! haz.ir.i a g*:- 
lieral attack, i Ic T>:ik& no: bc- 
in<^ inured to tu.i: rrict iLciplinc, 
©or tempered hy ihnt li'nt^ lervicc, 
virhich enable^. \;ji..'riu luldicrs ^> 
bear with p}:i:ic!ii.'j, the liL',ht and 

^oaiinued i^dalu uf aa enemy « 



GISTER, 1770. 

twenty thoufand of their braveH par* 
tizans descended from their ftrong 
camp, and attacked the Ruffiaai 
wi h great refolution ; but were re- 
puKed, and beaten back to their 
camp with con fiderable lofs. 

At length, foroe difficulties bar* 
ing been probably removed, or fome 
favourable circumilances occurred, 
with which we are not acqaaintedy 
the Ruffians, three days after this 
engagement, mounted 
the hills at the dawn July iStli. 
of the morning, where 
they found four great and ftrong 
entrenchments, covered with a no- 
merous artillery ; thefe they attack* 
ed with great refolution, and met 
with as obilinate a defence. The 
Ruffians however triumphed over 
all oppofition, and beat them fac- 
ceffively out of the four entrencb- 
ments, after which the Turks aban- 
doned their camp, and fled in tbc 
greateft diforder. The viflors bo- 
came pofTefTed of a graat booty 
upon this occafion, befides thirty- 
eight pieces of brafs cannoo« and 
feveral other trophies. 

No account is given of the lofs on 
either fide, in killed, woimded^ or 
prifoners, in this engagement; it is 
only faid that of the Ruffians was 
moderate, confidering the length 
and importance of the adion. We 
arc as much in the dark as to tbe 
manner in which the retreat was 
conducted, and whether there was 
any purfuit ; even t]\e route which 
the i urks t ok after the battle, is 
on'v to uc difcovcrcd by comparing 
oii;.r circu(;iliunccs, which had no 
immediaic relation to this adlion* 
In a word, the account given of 
thi'j battle, though aiiributed to 
ijencrr.l !\«^m.i..z^w, i:> fo inaccQ- 
rate, lau it i*» only by dcdudioo» 
fram the lormcr aad fubl'equesc 

couduft 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [57 

|m1b3 of tke campaign^ tlui the caiitioDt comiaamler might have 

He of tbe Prutb on which it hap' heficaud till he had loll hii army. 
fcaed coold be sfceruiaed, 41 by The Ruffian army wai greiily 

OM pan of it the TurkiOi Cfap weakened by making ihii ^'tachV 

fcena co have been opon the right, neat 1 and the inequality of nuni* 

wd by uot^ oa tbe left of tbw ben wat fudi, ai in cummoa ca-fi 

rircr. would hare made it inex.-afable to 

Tho riflorf at the river Lar{^ have rtdud a battle. The Generat 

«rai only a prelude to, and contn- however having duly weighed the 

blied toaccelerataaoeiauch greit-. goodoeri of l^ii ttoopt, the coa- 

cr i whidi at the fame time that it nJeoce ^Oi which they were in- 

4ne* tbc greaiell bonoor to the mi- fpired from a long cburie of faccefi^ 

)iiai7 abilitiei of General Roman- and the coofequeocei that might 

CO*. eAaUifbei the jo fin ice fgperi- refult from the «dangerouf dcSgn 

eriiy of the Bufliaa iraopt beyond ibrtned by the' Tariafi, rero)ve4 

s doabi ; and evince) ali^oft to a boldly to aitaclf the inemy next 

demo nitration, that in tha prefent morning. The Ruffian army wa* 

|lilc of arqi, and difcipline among accordingly in motion before light^ 

the Tnrici, there ii fcarce a pofii- and began ii* niarch at the brtalc 

bility of their Jfcing able to cope of day. Ad nnexpefled incident 

viih them. which took .place in the night. 

The )Uq of the Tartan having would have A<iggered a mind oF 

tnreated toward* the Danube, the lefs Grmnef*, and damped the coa- 

Graod Visir thought proper to rage of any but Veteran Iroopt. 

crols that lirer at Jfatlka, at the Ai foon at the morning had deam 

lead of the grand army to fuppffrt up, the General perceired to kif 

hiai. Geoeral Romanzow in the great aflonifb-ncnt, that the Turkic 

mean tine porfucd fail nvch along not with landing their prodigiooi 

fhe Pmth, tovardi it* oooBuence numben, and the dariag counte- 

witk the Danube. The tiyo armies nance the^ bore in the ereaingt 

^mc in fight of each other in the bad fortified their camp during 

evening, and at eight o'clock the (be night with no lefs than ihrco 

Tariu encamped at about ± mijn great and ftrong enirencjfneati. 

diSance from the Ruffians, both ruperior 19 tbole whid) he had 

armies lying between ihe Pruth and lately forced in the E^a-s camp, 

the tirerCahul. ThcTariarj forjn- and defended by a hod, which a^ 

ed a fepar^te corp* on the U't of 10 nnraber and appearance, Ihoidd 

the Raffitoj, bgi afterwards fpread have dcfpifed any orher protedioa 

thrmfelvei in their rear, fo c«i off than what their vmi ^nd ihcir ra< 

a great deiachmest which General lour giye theq. 
Roaansov had made for the efcort The die was however call, and 

of a convoy of profjjioni. In cer. the Qeoeral bravely perf'eyered in 

taia fitnationiboUnefa upmdence; hit rcfolution. Hii litaatioa wa| 

it is in ibefc thaigreaf genius isdi- triply critical, for a defeat muft 

ifi.iguilhed from common abilities ; have b«en attended with the total 

the prefeni was one of them, and lof) of the army; nor would Count 

Cicaral BomanTOw did not want F^nin have found it eafy, in that 

^i'ccrnment 10 peifcivc it. A mm cafe, to hare tciifcd ill fafcty from 

V-t. XUI. [B] Render; 



i8] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

Bendeff even with the lofs of his iog that the braveft corps of thdr 
A > artillery and Aorts, la Janizaries* and all the other bei 

^* ' a wordy the whole fate bodies of their infantry were foc- 
of the war feemed to hang upon ccffively defeatedy and nnable to 
this day. withfland the dofeneis of the Rnf* 

The Turks did not however fian at ray, the continued weight 
wait to be attacked in their en- of their fire, and the irrefiflible 
trenchmentSy thefe were only in- force of their bayonets, they k)ft 
tended as the laft refort* and the all hope and courage, and the fe* 
Ruflians found themfelves almofl cond and third entrenchments were 
furroonded, at a coofiderable dif- fuccelfively carried. The root thea 
tance from the camp, by feveral became general ; and the Grand 
large bodies of troops, who attack- Vizir feeing every thing loll, made 
cdthem in front and flank with the beft of his way, together wkh 
the greatefl braveVV. A defperate his principal officers and the cele« 
engagement enfued, in which th» brated Count Potocki, to the Da- 
dofe order and excellent difcipline nube, which was about twenty 
•f the Ruffians iHll prevailed, and miles from the field of battle, 
they continually gained ground on The whole camp, tents, e^uipage^ 
the enemy. As they advanced a vaft quantity of ammunitioot 
nearer the entrenchments, which 143 pieces of brafs cannon, and 
were covered with a prodigious ar- above 7,000 carriages loaded with 
tillery» the battle grew every in- provifions, became a prty to the 
ftant more terrible; at length the conouerors. The fugitives were 
Grand Vizir made a fally in per- parfued to the Danube, where the 
ion, at the head of the Janiza- crowds were h great as to render 
ries and all the braveft troops the paflage very difficult and dan- 
VI the army. The conflid now gerous, and fome bodies of hor(e» 
became dreadful, and was fnpport- it is faid, were obliged to fwia 
ed with the moft determined refo- over ; others croffcd the Preth» 
Intioa and obftinacy on both fides, and direded their coorfe to Ibrai- 
After a continued fire of artillery low, and other paru of Walachia. 
and foMll arms, which laded for It is faid that above 7tOOO Torki 
ive hours without tntermiffion, the were killed on the field of battle, 
Rnffiani, by the united force of their and that the roads to the Danube 
bayooets, penetrated to the firft en- were covered with dead bodies ; a 
trenchment, which they carried by great number of prifoners, among 
a defperate aflault. * whom were many of confiderable 

A paufe then enfued, which wts rank, were alfo taken. Some ac* 
only preparatory to a new engage- counts make the lofs amount to 
ment, between the entrenchments, 40.000 men, and (ay that the 
if poffible more furious than the Grand Vjzt's army confillcd of 
firft. In this the Turks ufed every 1^0,000: x tneral Romanzow, in 
podJble effort to retrieve the for- his lct;ec to the Emprefs, does not 
tune of the day ; one body fiill give the numbers that engaged, 
coming on and itnewing the en- nor the lofs on either fide ; he how- 
gagcment witti fr^fh ardor, as ano- ever ukes notice of the great infe* 
thtr was defeated. At length fee- riority of his own army. 'Ihe lofs 

of 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [ij 

af mn in foch k battle maft an- at a great diftiace from the Cri- 

dovbcedlj be toy gttax, and ia mea, and the Rufliui in pofleffian 

its coaiaqiMBCM nach greatrr. of the intermediate coantrieii it 

Nathing coald be more deciGve wai « long time before they codd 

Aaa'tbit builei Ddr.iipfeglonoiu make their way bonie, after having 

■O Geoenl Romamow anfiio ibe been ledoced id great flnitj, an^ 

traopi that he csromuded. It fufferiog very confiderable lofles, 

might be faid io the Uognage of We do not hear of the cavalry 

poeuy, that the genim of Ruffia having been engaged on cither fide 

particolarly premminaFed apon in thi* bftlle; ic ii probable that 

fhii occafioDi and had chofen the the greater part of the Ruffian' ba4 

Pratb at the fcene of yi&arj, to been detached to cfcort the coovoyf 

vipe off (be dilgrace which Peter and perhapa thp n»tqre of tho 

the Great had formerly met witl) ground did not admit Qf the Tnrlt* 

SB ^ banki of that fiver. The making nfeofihein. 

CcaenI ackoovledgea in hia letter ft would fpcm that tbe Tnrfci 

to the Entpteft, that the Toaki have not known in aDyp^ngfthii 

faebared with great bravery, and war how to maJce a proper nfe of 

fay* that the RoSant were never their cavalry. Their European 

engaged in any baiile that wat horie were long efieeqeil among 

Bore obtinately difpnted. Tbe the beft in the world: they have 

(reatfnpeTiorityoftbeRaflianamay fiill great courage, able bodiei, 

tte aitriboted, to tbcir (joickneii good horfei, are excellent borfe- 

and dexterity in the management men, and know tbe nfe of the 

of the anUlery, in which tney are labre from their infancy : an army 

pardcnlarly excellent, and fcarccly qf foot wiihoot difcipline it worth 

rivalled by any other nation, to nothing; b<|t a body ofborfewitb 

-fbe conHaat and regular fire of tbefe qoalification* woold, if pro* 

their fmall armi, in wlficb the perly coododed, be at all nmet 

Tnrki are very deficient, and to nirmidable. The extenfire plaint, 

their charging with fcrewed bayo- vaft waftei, aqd ioexhaDflible 

■eti, agaioft vhicb tbe fabre can gtffwth of herbage, in the coun- 

fcarcely be congdcred ai a weapon, triei that are the feat of the war. 

In other refpcAt* there (iremi to point them out ta the proper ftene 

have been no fanit io the conduA of aflion for fuch troapi, and 

of the Turkifli General* ; and it where they might nndoubtedly be 

i* evident that there wu no want employed with very great effe&. 

pi reMupon in their treopi. Ai to the Turkilh inuniry, it if 

The Tartan had envaged the evident, that unlefi they adopt 

convoy without fnccefj during the the improvement! in armi and dif- 

butle. the event of which perhapt ciplioe made by the Enropean na* 

had an efTeS upon their condufl ; tioni, they never will be able t(^ 

they were however totally feparitcd make any ^gnrc agaioA ihem ii; 

froa tbe rarkiQt array, and bcjng tbf field. 



[il ? c p A p, 



ao] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



CHAP. in. 

Binder hefiiged hy Count Pmnin. Brave defemee msde ly tht l ^x nf ^/km md 

inhabitants, I'he Governor in a Jit of ^e/^air poijons bmjelf\ mnathm 

cbojen by the garrifon in his room. Globe of tmafreffion \ a kind rf mum 

/o caUed by the Rujpeuis. The place tetken byjtorm and bnrmedi a grf0t 

Jlanghter made. Budxiac Tartars conclude a treaty nvith the Buffiame* 

General Bomanxtnu fixes his head quarters at Calpoukt stear the Deuutii. 

IbraSlow befiegtd. Kilia tjova taken, Bialogrid teJt§n by Baron l»g^ 

ftrom* Turks abandon the citadel of Ibr talent ^ after a Ung fiege, iTke 

Turks being entirely driven beyond the Daseuhe, the Rsfffism mteam go 

into tvinter quarters. War in Georgia^ 

WHILE the arms of Raflia corfiont to th*e rtry gates of Ocxa* 

were thus vi^lorioas on the kow» which, lies at the mooth of 

Proth, under General Roroinzow, the Niepor, iboot 130 miles to tht 

Count Panin was not lefs indof- foafh-e^t of Bender, 

trioas in profecutii>g their fuccefs on This fuccefs (neatly facilitated 

the Niefter. He htd for feme time the operations of Coont Panin, who 

inveftcd Bender* and was expcdit- divided his army into two parts, to 

ing ail the neceiTary preparations befiege the fortrefs effedoally; a 

for befieging it in form. Bender meafore which coold not have beta 

was fitaated upon the Nieflert a- attempted with fafety, if the enemf 

boat 180 miles to the footh-eaft of had any army in the fieldi to take 

Cbotzim, and 100 north-weft of advantage of the feparatioo made 

Bialogrod or Ackirman, which lies by fo large a river. Every thing 

at the month of the river ; and was being at length prepar- 

from fize» ftrength, fitnation, and ed» the trenches were Joly 30th. 

the number of its inhabitanu» a opened on both fides of 

place of the greateft confideratioo the river at the fame time, and the 

m thefe countnes. earrifoo next day fet fire to the 

We have already feen that Gene* fuburbs, after which a fnrioos can- 

ral Proibrowiki had been detached nonade and bombardment was 



early in the campaign, tofcourthe gno from all quarters* and vigo* 
country between the Niefter and the noufly retnrsed by the town. The 
Nieper or Borifthenes, thereby to fortrefs was very ftrong, and the 
keep the Bodziac Tarurs in awe» garrifon very numerous ; who, be* 
and prevent their impeding the ndes the Governor, were headed 
operations of Count Panin. This by feveral Baftias and officers of 
fervice he performed with great rank, fo that the place was de- 
eded, having laid wafte and ruin- fended with the greateft bravery, 
ed the country, taken a great booty In fiateen days from the opening 
in cattle, delivered feveral thou« of the trenches, the garrifon maae 
iands of the pwor Walachians who feven defperate fillies, in which 
bad been carried into fUvery, and though they loft a great number of 
ffoceeded fucceisfuliy with kis in- men, they gave fumcient proofs of 

their 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. [ai 

It one of ad extraordinary con- 
ftroAioo, in which they placed 
great confidence, and which from 
the pedantry o^ a modern French 
Engineer, who was either the inven- 
tor or improver of it, received the 
ridiculous appellation of globe of 
compreffion, terms that convey no 
ideas, either of its conftradion or 
powers. In this mine, or rather 
complicated labyrinth of mines^ 
interwoven and inclofed one with- 
in the other, it was pretended that 
a given quantity of gunpowder^ 
would caale a greater explofion, 
and throw op a greater quantity of 
earth, than in any other method* 
This excited all the eagemefs and 
expedlation that natorally attend 
the refult of an untried fyftem ; it 
however generally appears that 
the greateft operations are produced 
by very Ample means. 

Count Panin had made feveral 
overtures during the (iege to induce 
the garrifon to treat ofa capitula- 
tion, to which they obftinately re« 
fufed to liften. At length the 
globe of compreffion being brought 
to its due ftate for fervice, and 
charged with the amazing quantity 
of 400 poeds of gunpowder, each 
pocd amounting to about forty 
pounds weight, every thing being 
befides prepared for a florm, and 
the army ftrengthened by the arri« 
▼al ofa reinforcement from Gene« 
ral Romanzow, Count Panin once 
more fummoned the Governor to 
forrender, which was again pe« 
remptorily refufed. 

Every thing was then prepared to 
make the aflault that night ; ^ 
th« troops deftined to that ^*P' *7» 
fervice were divided into three co* 
lumns, and marched to their refpec- 
ti ve ftation5, with the greateft filence. 
The firingof the globe ofcompreifion 

W 3 waa 



Aeir lifeleii op 1 and though the 
IBim wtm twice oa firf in that 
tiae. tkey were neither difcouraged 
nor difconcerted by it. Xhe Se« 
raikier, Mahomet Wafa Waliffi, 
who waa Governor of the place, 
waa ib overcome with grief and 
ddpair, upon rectivine an account 
of the lofs of the two late battles, 
that lie pot an end to his life, by 
taking a doTe of poifon. Another 
Baflia wai killed by the ^ling of a 
bocnb; the garrilbn however were 
not difoooraged, and appointed 
Demin, a Baftn of three tails, and 
a brave man, who had more forti- 
tcJe io oppufing III fortane than 
his predcce£br> to be their Go- 
vernor. 

In tbia manner was the fiege 
carried oa for near two months, 
with the greateft labour, induftry, 
and reiblatioo on the one fide, and 
aa ohtfinate courage not ihort of 
defperatioo on the other : as the 
garrilbfi and inhabitants were in 
tkat unhappy fituation, which 
horn the beginning fcarccly admit- 
ted of a hope of relief or deliver- 
ance. Continual fa) lies were made, 
with little advantage, but great 
k)ij €m both fides. The Burghers 
and inhabitants, who were very 
aameroos, had from the beginning 
gone through all the hardfliips and 
dangers of the fiege, which they 
bore with the fame conftancy and 
ir.trepidity that the ibldiers did ; 
cHcy feogbt like men wedded to 
the old dwellings and habitations, 
in which their anceftors had lived 
for a long fuccefGoo of years, in 
which they fir ft drew breath them- 
iclvef. and who were determined 
•o periOi along with them. 

In the mean time the Roflians 
were poftiing 00 their mines with 
iadr&tigable iaduftry ; particular- 



ill ANkOAL RE 

was to be' the fignal for the attack^ 
which they hoped, befidet rainir.g 
the uuLvorks* might ih&ke down, 
or mikc a breach in fome of the 
principal walh of the town, and at 
the iaine time bury tnr deienders, 
cither ondcr the ruint, or the 
moantaio^ of r arth which \i was 
expefled woald have been thrown 
up. The Ruffians themielvel 
Were apprthcnfive of the confe- 
i|uef^ces of this dreadful mine, as 
it was not eafy to define how far 
the I ffrds of fuch an enormous thaft 
otgui;)Owder might extend; and 
the trvx>ps who were to make the 
attack in that quarter^ were ac- 
cordingly Rationed at a confiderable 
dii^ince, with orders to advance with 
the utmoft expedition u fooil as the 
tnii.e had fprilng. To be prepared 
fur all evenu, the troope '^'ere pro- 
vided with petards for burfting the 
! races, as well as with ladders for 
caling the walls; and while one 
part were thus employed, another 
was to throw up entrenciiments 
wi'.b the greiceft Speed on the gla* 
CI ft, fo as to fiCare a ]odgm^nt there 
it every thing rife (hould fail. 
Falfe attacks were to be made at 
the fame time to divert and diftrad 
the attention of the garrifon, and 
the whole army was ranged dpon 
th wings oi the firft p rallel> :eady 
to iappori the aflault« none being 
Irft in the camp bat the fick and 
wounded. 

The globe was blown ap at ten 
o'clock at night, with a ipoft hor- 
rible concuflion, which /hook the 
w'';o]e circumjacent country, and 
during the aftonifbneht and confu- 
fion excited by this dreadful pheno- 
inenon, the three attacks were in- 
ftantly begun, and carried on with 
the grcatell vieocr. It beine feon 
^fcrceiVed in the army, by me di« 



6lST^tt, 1770. 

redion of the fire and the cries of 
the folaier^, where the afiaolt waa 
tcking place with greateft efiPed, 
feveral cf the moft dillicguifbed 
officers* and a number of others 
who wanted to fignalize themt'elvcsi 
defired leave of the General to 
grant them an equal (hare of the 
honour and danger, with thofe that 
were already engaged, which kt 
readily granted, and rave tbeifc 
four companies of cho^n Orena- 
diera to aCtfend them vpoa that 
fervice. 

This feled detachment fiaving 
eagerly joined the foremoft troops^ 
the example they g^t^t, and the 
emolatidn tney excited, foon be- 
came irrefiftible. Nothing wai 
able to withftand their impetnofity. 
The double ditches at the foot of 
the glacis, were inftantly paiTed and 
filled up ; the double paliiadocs 
before the covered way, were is 
ibon furmounted or dettrOyed ; a 
great ditch with a convette, two 
fathom deep and fix wide, waa 
no longer an obftacle, and an out* 
ward wall was not able to fiofl 
their career. 

The ardour of the troops kept 
pace with the rapidity of their fuc* 
cefs, and the body of the fbrtrefs 
was the next objed of their im^le- 
tubfity. The gates were tried in 
vain, for they were (b clofely m^ 
firmly plated wi'h iron, that the pc> 
tards had no effed. Scaling laddera 
were every where applied, and if 
thty had not a fufficient number of 
their own, thofe they took firom the 
enemy wonld have fufficed, who 
dirv/.cd every inch of the ground 
V^i :\ the moft obftinate bravery^ 
an4- had ufed the laddefs to bet 
ove|,the works, but feldom furviv* 
edto cany them off* 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. [43 

flames had already reached. A ie- 



llt KoSaM at leftgth got trery 
otar tlM fvalU ; and navir a 
■cv aad dreadful fight began in 
the dark, on and amongil the for- 
tificaticmtv in the ftreets, lanes. 
and padges* and from the hoofes. 
The conflid became to doubtful, 
lb eztenfive, and fo dangerous, that 
the Ruffians were under a neceflity 
cf fetting fire to the town, which 
they did in fereral parts at the 
fame time: the flaibes raged every 
where, but not with greater fury 
than the combatants; and the 
burnin? honfes increafed the hor- 
rors of the night, by fliewing its 
cilamities. Every ftreet and lane 
the Ramans gained, was by dint 
of fire and bayonet ; and at the 
ffirxt turning, the defendants raU 
lit:dj a lid renewed the fight with all 
their former obftiancy and defpe* 
ration. 

l*his dreadful (bene of rage, 
Cluelty, b-oodihed, and horror, 
continued the whole night; pre- 
fenting to view every fcene of ca- 
lamity and diflrefs that human 
natore is capable of nndergoing, 
and every fpeAacle that is (hock- 
ing and terrible to it The gar- 
dens, ihc fortificatiolis, the (Ireets, 
and ine houfes, reeked with blood, 
and were covered with dead bo- 
dies, while (he flames (lill pointed 
OQt fre(h objeds of revenge to the 
turviirors. 

At length, after ten hours con- 
dnaed Bght, the flimes and the 
aflitilaau teemed to have vanquifh- 
cd every oppofition, and at eight 
in the morning the loldiers began 
to (hoot and cry out victory. 1 he 
Scra(kter« who commanded the 
town, with moil of thofe that fur- 
▼ived, bad by this time retired to 
tae catfe» where they found the 



left body of i>500 cavalry, and 
500 infantry, (enfible that the 
caiUe could afford bat a very tem- 
porary protection, took the noblef 
refoltttion of cutting their way 
through the enemy, or of peri(h- 
ing in the attempt. They accord* 
tngly made a defperate fally from 
the town, on the fide netr the 
river, and cut their way through 
the Ruflian troops for Jome time 
with great fury, and feemed to 
have a fair profpedt of eifeCting 
their purpofe. Fortune, fo genC'^ 
rally the friend to courage^ wa;» 
however, at this time wayward, 
and deferted it in its extreme^ 
need. A Ruffian Colonel of the 
Corps de Refer ve, with a confider- 
able body of cavalry, happened by 
chance to come full in their way, 
in the courfe they had intended to 
take, which was to gain the road 
towards Ackirman, and make their 
efcape that way. This cafual ren* 
counter having checked their im- 
petuofity, the neighbouring troops 
had time to recover from their 
firft furprize, and gathering round» 
attacked them furiouHy on all fides. 
All hopes of fafety and efcape be- 
ing n^'w at an end, they deter- 
mined upon a cruel revenue, and 
by a fodden motion, made their 
way to that quarter of the Ruflian 
c^mpi where the tick and wounded 
were lodged upon ieveral eminen- 
ces, for their fecurity and better 
accommodation. 

Count Panin perceived the dan- 
ger, and immediately difpatch- 
ed fereral generals, with all the 
tn)ops that could be gathered in 
the hurry from the fortre(s and 
fuburbs, to prevent it, while he 
htmfelf followed, and the whole 

[8] 4 army 



U] AKNUAL ftEGtSTfeR, 1776. 

army was eircry wheriei iti motion. taiDed by the vidb/s, tMf ra^ 

The Talks were foui fuiTou;ided» badly with the ackiiowledgaieiit# 

and acucked on every fioe by that are made of the defpera:^ 

troops of every denomination ; valour and refolution (hewn by the 

cavalry, infariti-y. coflacks, and Tories ; as well as with the nataral 

hunters, fell on promifcuoufly as and inevitable confeqdences that 

they came up ; and made a no .le moil attend one of the mod crocl 

defence ; and the Gw-nrru was obli- and defperate engagements that wd 

ged to order 'he Arriilery to hk have almoft any accdoat of in 

brought up front th h ndmoft modem hiftory ; fupported for io 

parailel to pltyupon ch-'m ; they, Idng a time, and involved* alon|{ 

hovever, Aill fought it out with with the darknefs of the nighc» in 

the gre^tell iotrepidity, and were all the intricacy* confofion, and 

almoft totally cut to p.iece>. danger, \^hich fuch a variety of 

O'likj Gneral's return ffom this groond, and fo many different fita« 

Engagement, he ni^t a deputation ations, among walls* ditches, nar- 

from tKe bd-aiki^r, w&o demanded row flreers, and burning or falling 

a capitillation ; this being TtMtdB hoi^t^s, were capable of producing | 

and the cattle at that time all in whare judgment and difcipline wart 

flames, lie was obliged to furrendeir nearly oUt of the queihon» and 

limtelf and his garrifon priibners every thing Teemed committed 10 

of war; the lire being to orgent* chance, fury, rage, and defpair. 
thtt the Ruffians were obliged to The fire con tinned for three days# 

remove them immediately to the and could not be reftrained till it 

camp ^or their prefi^rvation. had coni'umed every thing. Thus 

The total number of prifoners, fell^ and totally perilhed, the ce- 

sncluding the ihliabitants of all lebrated town of Bender ; famous^ 

ages, amounted to 11 1749, of a.hong' other things^ for the hof- 

whom 5»5C4. were Janizaries and pitabde reception and proteAioit 

$pahi^, wiih their commanders, wiiich it a£braH to Charles thd 

bei'ides the Serafk*er and two XIItH of Sweden, as well as for 

Bafhas. The ntimoer of fouls in his long refidence in it after the 

the town at the beginning of the fatal battle of Pultowa. As it wai 

fiege, were computed at 30,000^ from its llrength and fituation thd 

of whom one half were ioiJiers. grand Magazine of t&e Turks lor 

(he RuiC&n accouns, which are their northern provinces* the Rn(B« 

the only ones we have, fay, that aiis found a vaft quantity of arnia« 

the defenderl of the town, were, at bombs, granadeS, gunpowder, and 

the beginning of th* la(l aflault* other military ftores, be fides aboire 

near onr*third fuperior in number ttVohu:i-rrd pieces of brafs cannoni 

to the whit'e army that beli^geJ iL and c:j(hty|[v>; brafs mortars; they 

Suwh repr-fentai* 'ns, ctlculatrd to alio took four hoHie tails, foorteefl 

anfwe* pariico af pur^olcs, are bvioni of command, and foity palf 

tno-e or Icfs ado tec' by 'll natii-s, i}t colours, 

and (hould be received uiva ma«iv The country of the.'tfudziack 
reltriClions In h* prefentin:i .nce, Tartar* had fuffered all t|ff calnmt* 
this jca-u It of the lumbers, a we I: ties ot ti'e war from its firft break- 
as of the unali io£i £ud 10 bu fai'- ing oat ; whick affcdcd them the 

Aor« 




HISTORY 

re feaGbly, u :hcy Kd domelhc 
a It'a.wc'e rich in Bucks and bi.rJ^, 
i I'd cultivated the couoiry \r. a 
ij tonfidcnble dcgice. Their Jilfo- 

Ifiiimbeing 10 d>vcll in offt plca- 
(iniHlligM. rather ihan 111 ivimi-, 
tifjwetc eniirely at the ii,..icy ,>r' 
uy aeajr that became inilUt in 
tke(i)d|or if ihcj" f leaped biittly 
•it* tkcir live*, 'hrif propcrijr 
•u n;ally I II. 1 ^i) year .had 
Ixn parcical:ir1^ fani to ibrm: 
CeonaJ Prolbiowiki had critelljr 
tav^d the country between th« 
Ni-ftt and the Boe : ihc upper 
pirt of Beflarabia l^fiered in the 
uaie ninaer from the ariliy ander 
Cmt Panio ; and tbt lowrr part 
of Ike province, near the Black- 
fa. mu cxperieo iog the lane 
btitneat, from ifc troops nnder 
Barn Inglellraiii, who wai fent by 
Geacrat Romansotv after the kte 
Wdory, to lay fiege to Bialogrod, 
Or Ackirsun, at the noDtb <fl the 
Vielter. 

In thil fitiiaitoD, totally aban- 
dvaed. and not a hope left of any 
tinely relief from the Pone, fevera] 
bf their Mirl*! or chiefi, to pre- 
vent the total ruin of their cojntryt 
mtered into a nt^ociltion, during 
the £egc of Bender, with th« 
RuSau. and at lenrth conctnded 
a treaty, by which thcf renouoced 
all co^nedion and alliance with the 
f Btki, and fiibmitted ihemrclvei 
to be andrr the procftion ofRuiria, 
OB MWidiSioo of enjoying thfir re- 
lifio'i, and all (h;ir antient right*, 
Lbcrtiei, and immuniciei. 

General Ron) an sow, after the 
great vidory of thi: 2d of ^u- 
■ qR. filed hit h:ad cjuanen at 
Calpeokf which lie* bet#een the 
coofltience of the Pru:h and the 
DaniilK, and the Slack fea ; from 
^fccDCC he feat Ui;(p dctachmcnit 



P EUROPfi. tii 

tUe former, to dil]od|e ihi 
Turki from ibeir pofb ia Wala- 
chia ; thig was eafily effeJledi «• 
cept at Ibrailow. t«hich made aa 
obllinate dcfmcc, aad ta which 
General GlcliDW laid fiege ia 

KiliaNora, a ftrongtowD, fits* 
atcd on t&e mod northern bfaoch 
or the Danube, not far from ita 
encraiMTc idio the ^lack-lea, wai 
bclieged by another detichroeot of 
thii army, and furreadered an the - 
beginning orSepieinber, after eieht 
days open treochei. on conditioa 
that the garrifon, coofiQing of 

J, 000 men, aild commanded hf a 
aflta of three tail). Qionid be 
tranfported to the other £de of tba 
Danube ; that fucb of the inhabi* 
tanis ai cllofe to gn. IboaM have 
the (iime beitelit, and in anvctfe 
that their private ptoperty Jliaald 
be lecurc. 

Bialogrod, held to be the capital 
of Btttirahii, though Bender wai 
a plact of mu::h grrat/r note and 
impartince, furrcndrred ia iha 
fame manner, in the begining of 
Odober, to B^iron Inglellrom, ftf- 
Ur a fiege of onlr ten days; tht 
inhabiianis> con^illing of about 
60M peo;rle, aid the earrifon of 
■acoo, werr wi.h jill their move- 
able) tratifparted to the o:hcr Gde 
of i;.e Danube. 

The citad 1 of Ihrailow made a 
long -ind brave detcnce, the garri- 
Ton being continually reinforced 
by the Grand Vizir, with frelh 
tr opt from the other tide of the 
Danube; and It was not liU the 
latter end of November, that ail 
thrir delencet being nearly ile- 
llroyed, and ihc forircfs reduced al. 
moil to a hcsp of robhiih, the gar- 
rilon lo^k the refoluiim of aba a - 
duaiag it by night, aad making 
their 



26] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



tbeir efcape over tlie Danube. Se- 
veral other pofts upon chat river 
have been iince taken by the 
RufTianS.and they are now mailers 
of all the northern banks of it» 
£!! 1 tome of tV.eir hunters made a 
facctfsfttl incurfion even to the 
other fide. 

The Grand VizIr continued at 
Ifatflca till the middie of Novem- 
ber, at which time he recired 
farther into the country of Bulga- 
ria. General Romanzow took up 
his head quarters, for the winter, 
in J.t0y ; his army being partly 
cantoned in that neighbourhood, 
and partly Rationed oh the borders 
or /he Danube, and in the new- 
ly taken fortrefles. Geneisal Count 
Panin, after putting things into 
the bed condition at Bender (that 
the ruined Itate of the place would 
admit of) and having left a con- 
iivlerable body of troops for its fe- 
curity, retired with the rell of his 
army into the Ukraine ; whither 
General Hsr^ alfo returned, after 
eomoiitting fome devadations on 
the borders of Ciim Tariarv. 

We arc much in the dark as to 
the operations of Count TottKbcn, 
00 the ndc of Georgia: while the 
Ruflian accounts crown him with 
great fuccef; — the Turkilh tell us 
quite 'the conrrary ;.nor have any 
confequw-nces appeared that at all 
cor firm the former. It fecms pretty 
t^rtain, that being joined by acon- 
fiderable number of Georgians, he 
detcended into Ar mcni;i, and laid 
fiegetoEr^.eruflo, the capital of tliat 
country ; here the Turks lay he 
was totally defeated by (he nrigh- 
bouring B^fbas, and drove back to 
the mountains, with the lols of le* 
veral thoulands of his nen. Tiiis 
account molt in part be true, as oe 



nndonbtedly quitted Armenia, and 
no other cauie has been affigned for. 
it : at the fame time it U faid» that 
inftead of wading time at the &eg6 
of Erzerum, if he had marched 
di redly to Trebifonde, which is 
iituated on the Black-fea, was ia 
no poiluie of defence, and" not 
above 140 miles diflance, he could 
not have failed of fuccels, and as the 
RuiriAns have now a number of 
fmall velTeU on that fca, might have 
been fupported with effed. 

However this might be, we find 
this General has fince been enga* 
ged in a kind of civil and petty 
war in Georgia, where the Princes 
and Chieftains feem divided among 
thcmfelves, and either the Rulfianst 
or thofe with whom they have 
aded, have changed fides, at lead 
once. The celebrated Prince Hera, 
cllus.who it was fuppofed firft en* 
coaraged this expedition,* has iince 
been called a deceiver, and fpokeit 
of as an eAemy ; and a Prince So- 
lomon, who at firft oppofed them, 
has lately been feverely chaHifed bjr 
the Turks for ading in concert with 
them. In the mean time, the Raf* 
iian accoonts give a pompous litl of 
conquered places, as if taken from 
the Turk>, though they are moft of 
them places of no confequeoce and 
unknown, or elfe that belonged to 
the Georgians. It is probable that 
the principal end of this expeditioD* 
was to gain a thorough knowifdge 
of the country, to foment dilFea- 
iions among the princes an 1 great 
men, and by degrees, under the 
colour of fiicndihlp and religion, 
to pre^^are that flavery for the 
bravcll nation in Afia, which the 
avowed enmity of the Turks and 
Perlians was sever able fully to 
accompliOi. "- 



CHAP. 




filStORt OF EUROPE. [a; 



CHAP. 



IV. 



tbf^mm txftJilin f th- MtJiw*m**aii. CmM Orlcw arrivti in iht MtrtS* 
ImJ'arrtaUm »f ih€ Greiii \ eratllits nmmiittJ ly ihtm. Mifara, Aremiiat 
mnS ithtr fiatet lakiit. MiffaUngi takitt. Carta tfJltgeJ. NtivmriM 
taii'T. Pmtrai takia, and ibi cofilt hrfitgid. Snjtral etier ttoftt 
iitytSualhf brfitgtd. Grtiks mafacrtJ at Patrai, and tht dij larMh 
Afd iMti '^.•ftattd. Varkijh army airii'el in lit Maria. Extcatien i^ 
fi\tr,\ ef lb* friatifal Grttki. Mea'on btfirgtd by fta e»d Itmdi 
mStiu irIVAtttn tit htfiegtri, and a hady ef Turkt and Alhaaiant ; 
tht fitgt finally raifid. RuJJlaas and Greeii imaUy J'-faralt i fit laHtt 
rrtirt ta Nfvarina, and Jatn aflir abandon ihi Fnin/ala, -Adtnind 
Mlfbiafiamt'i fyaadnn arrivil frsm Eng'and, EngagtmnU at fitt. 
TmrUpjiM dtpreyidia tbi barbour af C.ijmt. Caftaia Pacha 6lhaadtd,^ 
Irt vaal 7raA raiatdt Stnyna in danger, Cajlte af Lemnas itfiigtd\ 
r^EtviJ ij Hafaa Bij. tnamiitiii cammilitd by ibt ranawty JmUn 
mad d^trtirt, PUgw* at Cenfiaaliaaflt. Rtwialiam m Egypt. JSj 
Mty. 



"^HE niufbrtanesof thcTdrki 



>r.fined i 



the 



NieBcr or the Danube : ihe mofi 
Ipntberly, >i itell u the mult nbrth- 
cra puti of their Eoropeaa do- 
niaioni, were now doomeil tb bear 
■!l the rigors of war, and the lea ai 
well as ihe land lo be a witnels of 
their dilgrace. The time feemed 
St lensth arriTcd, when the 
wretched admin iHrtti on and coo- 
dafi of their government, which 
they had for fo long a time totally 
oegtcAed, and fuSered their mili- 
tary departmcDts by lita and land to 
langaitfi anil run to ruin. Ihould 
new be cxemplarily punilhed on 
both thefe clemcDti: an errcr, into 
which ail ibe great empirci of the 
»or!d have, at « certain period of 
their exiftcace, facccl£*ely 'alien ; 
mrhtch hai a* cooltantly and faially 
brought iti own punilbinenl along 
with it, and which bai, notM.iilf- 
fiinding, been continually adopted 
by their fucccllbri, when they ar- 



rived at the Hltne zenith of powcr^ 
riches, and feeraing recnrity. 

The RufiiAo fleet, which hai 
left Kngland ia the laitttr part of 
the preceding year, twiwithftaod- 
ing the great and friendly affiAenc9 
it bad met with in thii country, 
arrivrd at Port Mahgn* «faere it 
wintered— fhattered and ficldy. 
The fame kind officei beingi how- 
ever, reheated there, and the (tmt 
powerful and mallerly affifiance* 
which chuafleiifea the Englilh na- 
tion in every thing retaiire i& 
maritime affaini bciog again frreljr 
given, the fhip) were put into al 
good conditiant ai the Hate ihe^ 
were in coold admit off and th« 
men. from the benbfiit of a fine 
climate, and plenty of frelh fniiii 
and provi&oni, ncovcrcd their 
health very fall. 

In the mean lime, application 

had been made to the difleient 

Italian States, to know the dcgreci 

of ft lend (hip and fuccour that 

night 



c6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 4770. 

hiight be expeded from them, upon tny (hare in the war, tod limicel 

fttch occafioiis as flicald induce or to three, the number of their ihipi 

obl|g<s the Ruffian fhips to put into that fhouid at any one lime be ad^ 

their ports. Thei'e dates in general, micted in the harbour of Malta, 
fliewed a confiderabJe degree of re- Some Roffiao officers of rank, had 

ferve upon this occaiion, and prC" been employed in thecourfe of ilK 

cifely reftri6led the number of fiiips preceding year, to carry on a ne* 

that fhould be admitted into one gociation with, the Greeks, which 

port at a time, and the length of was eaftly eiFe^ed, not only from 

their continuance in it; and in the the intercourfe and mixt bounda- 

dominions of Naples, the quantity ries of the Venetian and Ottcmaa 

of provifions with which each (hip t'.rritories on that (ide ; but paidy 

wis allowed to be furnilhed, was through the remiiTnefk. and pairtly 

particalarly fpccified : at the fame the mildtiei> of ibe Turkiih govern* 

time, the garrifons in the fea- ment. I'he garrifons were tnin and 

ports were llr<:ogihened, the bat- negligent; the ports and duties 

teries monnted with cannon, and flackly attended to ; the Greeks 

etery other meafure taken, which, were in poflfcMion of the trade 

if not foficicnt to prevent furprize and the (hipping ; were almoft the 

or dan^ver, were fully fo, to exprefs only inhabitants in the open coun- 

an affbded apprehenfion, and a try, and had a great majority opoo 

jealous caution and diflike. We the coails, and even in the cities 

have formerly feen, that the Vene- and towns, if to all this, we add 

lians abfolutf ly refufed admittance the want of a neccHary commoci- 

to the Ruffians in any of their cation by pofl, and the tacitorniry, 

ports or iflands ; this refolution referve, fupinenefs, and indolence 

they hare firmly adhered to, and of the Turks, we mud conceive 

feverely ponifhed by confifcation their opportunities of information 

of lands and goods, and tvcry very imperfed, and that it muft 

other method in their power, fnch principally come through or from 

of their fabjeAs.in Cephalonia and the chriftians. 
other iflaads, as either fitted out We accordingly * find, that the 

(hips» or went Amply as volunteers Ruffian officers, not only carried on 

to affift them. At the fame time, a negociation in the country, i« 

thry fitted out a confiderable fleet time of open war, with the greateft 

to guard the Adriatic, and to pro- fafety, but fent fhips to the coafts, 

u€t their iflands and coafts. The freighted with arms and ammuni- 

Grand Mafler of Malta was invited tion, which were landed and dif- 

by the Ruffians to take an a^iive tributed with equal facility, long 

ihare in the war, and a requifition before the arrival of their fleet in 

made, that they might be admitted the Mediterranean. The hopes ex- 

to make off of the port of Malta, cited by thefe means, were railed 

m% a place of general rendezvous to the higheft pitch of extravagance 

for their Hceis, and for the eoutp* and enthufiafm, as fuon as it waa 

ment and fitting out of their fnips. certainly known that the fleet had 

Theie propofals, the Grand Maf- (rrived at Minorca; and the 

ter did net thiak fit to comply phrenzy of the Greeks upon thh 

«ith; he totally refufed taking occafioiif can only perhaps be 

e^aalledl 




HIS TORT OF EUROPE. [if 

A, bjr that bcfctorore fbewn to Imr of ifae anival of Ac RolB- 

Jewi, opoB the ippcaranco uu, lo do what thejr had loi^ >>■ 

pmradM Meffiah ambn's tended i aod the whole Morct Sen* 

cd cmy tuhcre in motion, 

Rofian fleet departed fntn The open Goantry, wu qndclf 

:a in the beginning of Fe- ovcr-rao, and MiGtra, Attaua,aH 

, and fliaped it* coarfe for fereril other placet ti fpcediljp 

orcft ; but haviog met with taken : the Rofian Aipi tut haa 

orok b]r the ovay, wufepa. been feparaied, or that pat ioio 

and tnnch the greater nom- Ilaty, arrived focceffivelj, ftnd land* 

the Oiipi obliged to take cd their men ia dibrcot qn«nena 

in difierent paru of Italy, where every fmall detachment loM 

aad SardiDiai in which fe- fwellcd to a little amy. and the 

f them were obliged to con- Torki were ercry wbcte attacked 

coafidcrable time, to re£t(' or intercepted. In the mean tUM 

pair the damagei they had a dreadfal mafiacre wai carried on* 

d. Cooni Orlow, who wai and the Greekt gave a loofe to the 

■der in chief of the whole tnoft bale and efleminaie revenge ; 

Mt, htMrerer arrived at Cape the Tnrki were every where Jtaegb> 

10* the ancient promontory tered wiihoat mercy t every nfi of 

larni, io the Morea, and the fhamefnl and horrid cracky o>m> 

n catremity of the Penin- mitted ; while, to the difgrace of 

\ the lift of Pebrnary. with hemanity and the chriftiaD rcligioo. 

iree flupa of the line, and neither age, (bx, acijuaintence or 

en. GonneAion. were a defence againft 

coontry, the antient Pekv- their favagc barbarity. The gonr- 

m, the feat once of pocit, nor of Meflaloogi, finding himlelf 

aad philofophen, being all nnable to defend the fiirirefi as^ 

I groond, it too wril known longer, and expefting no mercy 

ire any dercriptioa ; nor htt from the aflalaou, pot hii perlbo 

iofiiy of modem travellen, into the hindt of the Greek Syndic 

i even its mbfbttnnc*, or of the town, who, from acquaint* 

wretchcdnefi, to tie in ob- ance and connedion, be expefied 

The Count having de- Qtoald either have proteAed or coa- 

foch land forcei ai be had ceiled him ; bot the villiioou Syn- 

■, at Maine, which liet a die, ai foon at he wa in hi] power 

I the wcftward of Cape Me> murdered him. It ii faid, that the 

and about jo milei to ihe commander of the Greeki haneed 

tit of Militra, the antient the Syndic ; and it may be wilaed 

t the Mainotet, the defcen- to be a truth. 

if the Lartdemoniani, and The rage and fury with which 

ill p-'ireiTtd the country of the iababitanit of the continent 

■ceflori, nnder fnbjeAion 10 were feifed, extended iifeU to the 

irka, immediately flew to iflands; (he defire ofnovcl'y, hope 

irmi in evety auarier, and of plunder, and animofity to the 

them by ihoulandi. The Turki, operated everv where, and 

•rcekt immediately followed produced every where fimilir ef- 

lamplcf or r4lher only w»iied fed* ; repeated sfb of the mofl bar* 

bwoJH 



jo] annual register, 1770. 






baraos cruelty, and of the blindeft 
felly. Three Tuikiih (hips that 
wete colledlirig recruits for the ar- 
my* having put in at the fmall 
iflaud of Mlcone, one of the Cy- 
dadest the greateft part of their 
crcwa being on Qure, were all mur* 
ftered by the inhabitants; fnd thofe 
th^t remained on hoju'd, u well as 
the (hips, only faved by a timely 
Aighc: an order was faid to be if- 
fucd to maflacre all the inhabitants, 
but we have not heard of its being 
pat in execution. The V'cncciaa 
iQands, notwithftanding the (Irid* 
Qefs of the government, and the 
^verity of the proclamations that 
were iilusd to prevent it, were in a 
great meafure dcferced by their in- 
habitants, each hurrying to have a 
(hare in the fpoil and the car- 
nage. At ^'ephalonia» Count Me- 
taxa, and feveral others, fitted out 
Ihips at their own expcnce» and 
joined the Rudian fleet ; and the 
inhabitants, who ihewed thcmfelves 
as well dii'pofed for a revolt as thofe 
in tho'Turkifli territories, had an 
open engagement with the troops 
ftationcd in the ifland ; in which, 
ihovgh they were routed and dif* 

Serfied, a confiderable number were 
ain on both fides. 
Count Orlow, upon his arrival 
at Maina, had publi(hed a m^ni- 
feflo in the name of the ^mprefs, in 
which (he declared, that (he look- 
ed upon it at II religious duty, to 
free the Greeks from the Tniki(h 
fltvery ; (he at the fame time pro- 
mifed protection and rewards to 
thofe who (hould join her army, and 
the fevereft punilhments to ihoie 
who refufed. It is a (inguLrity, 
peihaps not unworthy of remark, 
and (hews how ftrong national ha- 
bits will inadvertently appear, even 
where there fecmt no caufe to call 



them forth, that as fear is the opt* 
rating principle throughout tbt 
whole Ruffian empire, from A^ 
higheft noble to the lowcft peafant, 
their public adls are tinged by it« 
though the matters they relate 10 
are foreign, and out of their ova 
dominions ^ and a^ fare ai a favoer 
or reward is oflTered in a Hnfiu 
profilan^ation, it is clogged on thi 
other hand by an oppolite threat o( 
excrcnrie punifliment. 

From I^aina, the Ruffian com- 
mander proceeded with the fleet to 
Coron, which was in veiled by (ea 
and land. This cit>' and cafUe 
(lands on the weflern (ideof thePe* 
ninfuia, about forty miles to the 
north-weft of Maina, on a fine bajT 
of the fame nan^e, and were fb^ 
mcrly places ofgKat flrength; bat 
like mofl of the other fortrefles in 
the Turkifh dominions, have been 
long negle^ed, and fuSered to go 
to ruin. The Balha of the ijlorea 
had, during thefe tranfadtions» col- 
ledled fuch troops as he could haflir 
ly get together, which being few 
in number, w^re overpowered and 
defeated in feveral fmall pngaee> 
ments by the Ruffians and Gredtt, 
and he wu at length obliged to re* 
tire with fuch as remained to Na* 
poll de Romania, a great and ftrong 
city and port, on the eaftern fide 01 
the Peninfula. In the mean time 
the Ruffians made themfelves ma« 
fters of Nayarino, a conltderable 
city, with an excellent harboi|r and 
two caftles, about 2% miles to the 
weH of Coron ; which, from the 
gcodnefs of the harbour, (ituatign, 
and other advantageous circum* 
flances, they made the genera'l plape 
of arms. 

Patras was taken in the latter end 
of March, a very flouri(hing city, 
in which the Turki(h inhabitanti 

were 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. {31 

wtTt more nnmeroas than in moft nual danger and fatigae of guard- 
when of the Morea ; it was the ing agaijid a double enemy, wichia 
metropolis of the province of Cla- the walls and without, abandoned 
rentia, and fitaated dn the north- the city, (which was immediately 
iveft extremity of the Peninfula, on taken poffefnon of by the beliegers) 
the arm of the fea which feparates and retired within the caftle. The 
it from Livadia, now called the garrifon afterwards found means to 
gulph of Lepanto. about 20. miles let fire to the oil niagazines in thtf 
loadi of Lepaoto, which lies on the city, with fuch fuccefs, that they 
Dppofite ihore, 60 well of Corinth, reduced it totally to alhes, ao4 
•nd 120 north-weft of Miiirra. making a fally during the confu* 
This city, from the circumtlances fion caufed by the (re, made fuch 
that attended it, feems to have been a (laughter, both among the be- 
taken by fur'prize, and a moft cruel iiegers and inhabitant:*, that the 
and inhuman daughter was made furv Ivors were glad to make the 
of the Turks* witnout regard to beft of their way to Navarino. 
age or fex ; the garrifon, and fuch Thtir fucct'fs was little beuer in 
others as could efcape, retired into other places ; andthou^h it w^s faid 
the caftle^ which was immediately that they defeated a body of Turks 
befieged. who attempted to pafs the Ifthmus 
As the Tarks were unable to ap- of Corinth, we find immediately 
pear in the field, fuch of them as after, that they had retired from 
Mrvived the firft efFefls of the re- that quarter. 
▼olt, made the beft of their way The fiege of the caftle of Patras 
to the neareft foitreiFes ; and the flill continued ; in the mean time 4 
inforgects were now fo numerous, body of Turks and Albanians hav- 
that they laid (iege to Corinth, Na- ing pafTed the ifthmus marched IQ 
poll de Romania, Modon and Trip- its relief, and attack- 
polizza; befides Coron and the ed the befiegers at April I3tbt 
caftle of Patras, which we have al- break of day. The 
ready mentioned. This was a fer- governor of the caftle at the fame 
«ice» hflfvever, to which the Greeks time made a general fally with his 
vere very unequal, and the fmall garrifon, the city was fet on fire in 
aamber of the Ruffian land forces, the conflict, and a dreadful carnage 
which probably did not much ex- enfued ; the Turks now retaliated 
ceed two thoufand, did not allow all the cruelties of the Greeks, with 
of their fupplying the deficiency, the fame barbarous fpirit which hstd 
The Turksp befides, made every before infpired them ; every thing 
where a brave defence ; at Trip- became a vid'm to their ungovern- 
polixza, the befiegers were totally able tury» and the city was bitrned 
ruined, • and every RuHian upon to its foundations. 
that fervice, except two, k'J'ea, by The foreign confuls had fcrtp* 
the contioual and fuccefsful fallics nately efcaped to JCante ; the ion 
nade by the ^rrifon. Jt did not of the Englifh conful, fr^m fome 
happen better at Coron, where the error, or imprudenpe, run a great 
Greek inhabitants being more nu- riik o( his life, and was moft re- 
serous than the garrifon, and the markably delivered. This young 
litter worn down with the conti- gentleman had (hut himfelf up in 

9 ^ 



52] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



hh hotel« with his own family, two 
Neapolitan travellers, and feveral 
ladies of tKe beft rami)ies, apd 
grcateft diflindlion in the city, 
%whom he h^ taken pnder his pro« 
leAioD ; bis lyholiB fuite apiounting 
10 about feventy perfons. A body 
of Albanians came with axes to 
force his gates in the heighth of the 
coofafion ; bpt he rc^refenting to 
ihem, that his nation was in al- 
liance with the Porte, the Albani- 
ans with a tensper and humanity* 
which in tl)e farne circumftances 
and heat of blood, wopld have done 
honour to mpre civilized, and better 
difciplioed foldicrs, took hin^ and 
all that were alpdg with him under 
their proteAioui and conveyed them 
iafely to the caUie. 

Here h^vyever their fear» as well 
as th- ir danger, was redoubled^ 
Upon their entrancp into the for- 
Ircfs, the firH thing that prerente4ff 
was the dreadful fpe^acle of a num- 
ber of dead bodies lying roun4 in 
heaps, and the escecutipncrs boiily 
employed^ according to the l^urkiQi 
fummary method, in cutting off* the 
beads or the principal Qreeks, as 
they were taken and fent in froni 
the a^on. A» chefemmider^, whe- 
ther of juf^ce cr tyranny, are )it(le 
v(ed to liitei) either to arguipcnts 
or fupplications, the unfortunate 
young g'-mlen^an and his compa- 
rio.)s, were onjy delayed till it 
came to :hcir turn, p undergo the 
|an:e o;'eration. M^lt hjippily for 
Lim ind them, the governor arrived 
iu t^M interim ; immediately recol- 
lected :he confulS ion,' tojk thciii 
•11 under his protettion, and ient 
thrin to his o^n apartments for 
thi'ir greater convenience and fafe- 
ty. : hey had the good fortune the 
l^c night> to mfcl wjth ^n oppor- 



tunity of being all fafely a 
to Zante. 

Every thing went wrong v 
Greeks after the de(lrudion 
tras. Th^ Turk* tnd All 
had fcarcely cotppleated th 
vipp, when they received 
gence, that a large body o 
notes were advancing towaj 
lAhmi^s of Corinth, with an 
tjon of penetrating into j 
This, they immediately n 
to prevent, and totally rout 
Mainotc^ after killing abo 
thoiifand of thpm. 

The IVlorea Aill coptir 
fcene of ihc gre^tell bloodfli 
crue}ty. ^hc carnage at 
gave a new whet, which v 
at all wanted, to the barban 
fanguinary revenge of the G 
which, together with the ci 
they were originally guil 
fecmed iq give a fandion 
Turks tor taking tha( venc 
^o which they were natura 
muchdifpQfcd. It is, in an 
(lances, painfu] to treat or i 
of the tranfadiQns of the 
war, as it h^% through all ii 
been JuUied and uiigracet 
acls of ferocity, oppreiTion 
cruelty, which are happily i 
tie known, in the welternan 
die partk of Eu.'ope. The ei 
of iljefe poliilitd nations, ^s 
peicd by a i^ettciofity and h 
ty, whi.h alleviate an^ in s 
meafure coi^ce^l the deform 
horrori of war ; and a \\iX 
|^illc4 and wounded after a 
when attended with no c 
fiances to excite horror or < 
caufcs little more emotion, ti 
fight of an adjutant's ^oU 
before it. 

The N>era(ki^r^ Balb^ of , 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[33 



urivcil in the Morca at the head of 
t:,s;a men, moftly Albanian) and 
E-iraie*. foon after the det't;3i of 
■he Uainom. This oXc^r, who 
bid mucb dillingji<hcd himfelf in 
lie conn'e of ibe prefem war. reco- 
vered ail ihe norhern pan of ibe 



Puin 



appci 



i.id all [lie Greeks, thai 
were found with arins, or out of 
ibiir Tillages, w-cfc inltantly pot to 
dt.tii : a: the faice cime the arch- 
bilhop of Trifpoli'za, and fome 
Mlkcr Greeks of d Itinaion, uho 
ttfre charged wi:h being (he prin- 
tipl tiiDigacon of the revolt, were 
tketo-xd. 

The principal force of the Rof- 
£>r,i and Grteki, wm now enploy- 
td in the fie^e of Mo^on, uhich 
"■u tigoroufly carried ort by fVa 
i'-i Und. As th's c ty, which lici 
biu; 113 nriL-i to ihc fcuih-uolt 
'■rl.'cricih. is ivi-ll (ortiiied, bus a 
Tni fl(0.ig Cii'.leand 3 fine haven, 
"w« ar. objcCiOigrtaiiiuporiaiice 
iitiii; RuEaiii, ai'under the pr-o- 
icnico of their fleet, they mi.^hc 
ine fjpportcd a garrilbn there, 
■nd by that means prefeivcd a 
firsing in the PcniDfula, uniil by 
tlie arrival of reinforcements, ihcy 
ci^hi once more be enabled lo dil- 
fi-f the pcffelTion ol it. Its re- 
iK.v.encfj aiTorded a profpefi of fiic- 
"tjir.g before it could he rrli,-ved ; 
aid it wa* the or.ly hope noJ/ let, 
and waj accordingly the lull eirbri 
t^ev mMie. 

k bt^y of Turk! and Albaninns 
koA'Cier traverftii the Veninlul.i, 
and attacked the bc- 
ilay 17th. Cegers with great fury 
in iheircamp, at one 
e't'ck in the mntning ; a d wen- 
lel! I'upponed by ihc governor, 
khs laude a vijrnroui fally at inc 
'.imt lime. I: now appeared evi- 
dcnilv, ihei The fpiritot the ancient 

Vol. x;ii. 



Spartans had totally forfaken their 
poflerity. The Maiiioces funk and 
difpirited bv thelaie sfiioni, which 
tiughi them the difrurence fever^ ly, 
between mallacring a defencelef* 
people, and en;>aging ;tn enemy 
openly i:i the field, abandoned their 
poAi almolt as loon as they were 
attacked, and were cut to piece*, 
altnolt without refi^laiice. The 
RufTians lio-VEver rn^dc a noble 
Hand, and fought m^& couragioui- 
ly : they did all i->at men ct uld do. 
to piotcilt their diiflardly tiiendif 
who if they had a&cd with only a 
common degree of refolulion, wi/uld 
undoubtedly h.ive gained a com- 
plcat vidor'y. Th.y were ci length 
however overpowered by numbers, 
and h .ving ]■.& a great many mei>, 
and their cummaii.ier!, tlic \uun^ 
Cour.t Orion, and P.Jr.cs D!.!:;c- 



: boili 



'idri 



;!).igrJ 



to the (bore und^r t.'ie piu.e^lioii c{ 
their flii-s. 

Tlie Albanians now having no 

fpirit of irrejuhr troops. feU to 
plunder ih^' c^mp uiiti ru;.'h gr;cJi' 
they weru ioon in grea: 



I the face 



d:forder 

milted with i 

of their veteran enemiLS, wlio ini' 

m^'diatelv coalc thi^ sdvuntagc, and 

btir.g joined by a dtljchment froia 

the i:iips, atiacki'd tliein in turn 

with great lurv. and toJtcd ih.*ni 



1 fuel 



1 their 



Riiii;.,' 


n'r. now 


uw, ^..,t 1 ..r 0.. 


hnre c 


it fu.:ccr- 


. d-.'j'cnJ-(i upon I 


,.ejiii< 


.n. and ■ 


up<iii t.iking tiiepLi 


belote 


the aiii 


tat ul frelli luccour 



['-■) 



3+] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



they had a recent experience that 
the Greeks were of no u e kgainll 
an equal enemy ; buc a cnnliJence 
in their numbers might make ihcm 
ufeful in an attack upon an infe- 
rior. The (hips accorJingly d«ew 
nearer the iortrcfs to fi;cond the 
attack^ and a general aflault uas 
made ; but the garri:on behaved 
with fuch relolution, that thev were 
repulfed with great lofs. The Mai- 
notes hid now lod all hope as well 
as rpirit, and feparating themfelvcs 
totally frcm the Rudian;, withdrew 
to the faftnefTes o( thtir native 
n^ountains. The latter retired to 
Navarino, uhich they kept frr (bine 
time longer in their hands ; but no- 
thing remaikable happened after 
this, till they entirely abandoned 
the Pentnfula. 

During thcfe tranfadlions in the 
Mor-a, the Ruliian fleet w is rein- 
forced, about the middle of April, 
by the arrival from England of the 
fquadron under admiral Elphinilon. 
]n the month of May, the Turkifh 
fleet alfo arrived in thofc feas, and 
Tome engagements of no great con- 
fequence happened foon after be- 
tween them. The Turks however, 
(cen) to have had the worll, as they 
retired to the Archipelago ; and thi- 
Ruffians having taken on board the 
remains of their Und forces in the 
Morra, purlucd them. The two 
flfcts came in (ight in the channel 
tf bcio, which divides that iAand 

from Natolia, or the 
July 5th. It (Ter Afia ; where the 

Turks were at anchor 
in a very advantageous (i:uation, 
their re^r and flanks being co« ered 
by fome iflands and rocks, that lay 
cciniiguou< to the continent, 'i'he 
Turki:h fleet was confiderably fu- 
perior in force, conGfling d 15 
Ihipa of the liae« from 60 to 90 



guns, befides a number of Chebrn 
and Gallies, amounting in the 
whole to near 30 fail ; the RuiTiLS 
had only ten mips of the line, and 
five frigates. Some of the (hips en- 
gaged with great reiblution, whilA 
uiheis on both 'fides found various 
caufes for not approaching neac 
enough. The Ru(rtan admiral Spi' 
rito(^ encountered the Captaia 
Pacha in the Sultana of 90 guns, 
yard arm and yard arm ; they boik 
fought wiih the greatcil fury, aod 
at length run fo clofe, that ihef 
locked themfelves together, wiik 
grappling irons and other tacklingt 
In this fituation the Ruiliani, by 
throwing hand graaades from the 
tops, fet theTuikiih (hip on fire, 
and as they cculd not now be dif- 
entangled, bo h (hips were in a 
little tinrtc equally in Hamcs. Thai 
dre.idfuUv circumftanced, wtihiH.'t 
a poilibiliiy of fuccour, they both 
at length blew up with a mod ter- 
rible explofion. i he commandcii 
and principal uflicers on both fides 
were mollly faved ; but the crews 
were nearly totally loft. 

TH'.* dreadful (ate of thefc fliips, 
as well as the dinger to thcfe tbai 
were near them, produced a kind 
of paufe on both fides ; after which 
the adion was renewed, and conti- 
nued till nighty without any mate- 
rial advantage on either (ide. K\ 
fonn as it was dark, the Turkilh 
(hips cut (heir cables, and run into 
a little bay on the coaft of Natoiia, 
near a fmall town called Cifme \ 
this fatal meafure, waa owing to 
the ignorance, obflinacy, and pro- 
bably want of refoluiion of the Lap* 
uiu Pacha, who perfiAed in the ex* 
ecution of it, notiAithftandinff the 
remonflrances of Zaffer, and tiafljan 
ijey, and others uf the bravcft and 
«oft experienced officers^ who fi^re- 



[STORY OF EUROPE. 



[35 



^ out aJI the lUngert time a 



e Ihot having let iho 



''igS'"8 of one of the (hips in the 
« Tuiki tic&td fomi; UaHf- cenie; on lire, it tided much to the 
S cover lae entixncc of this confufion and danger, in it placo 
lur^uf, which wu To con- whare they hatl fo little room to 
, Uut &VC14I of the Ihip] re- *A- The failori on boa. J. the Heu- 
;reu djmage, and Ibrae tenant') fire-(h!p, were fo over- 
I in ike fxndi for wini of powered by the horrors of tha 
Thu) cnclofed, and hud- night« and dreaded fo much tha 
tognber like birds under a relulc of in operAtton which thejr 
lb« R.iffi«n fleet furrounded did not compn:heiid, that it vat 
_. .. . _. the harbour next only by dint of fword and pidol 
ing. aod call anchor within he could keep ihem on board when 
1 ttiot of ilicmi at die fame he approached the enemy : and at 
a^JHira] ElphinDon wai im- length, when within * few yard), 
tehr employed in the prepa- he being obliged to run forward to 
of (bur fire (hips, whofc ope- talte a ciofer view, the man at iha 
I wen intended to talce elFefl helm immediately deferted it, and 
lijht. Thii hou'cver being a *'th the whole crew jumped into 
B with which the RuQlans the bnai, and lotally abandoned 
acquimed, it appeared him. The lieutenant bravely laQied 
mribk. and they fhewed a the helm, and feeing a boat full of 
faacfcwardncft ia under;alung Turks ready to board him, before 
I Bnglilb lieutenant, who had he had quite reiched the (hip, h« 
d ike feivice of hit country with the fame initepidiiy lirod the 
(mdc diteull. boldly under- fuzee with hii piUol, and though ha 
be COndad and management was nearly blown up, and terribly 
! ire-Otipi, and commodore burnt, by Tome loofc gunpoifdcr 
, another otScer of the fame ihai lay on the deck, he run for. 
wiiii etjual (pirit took the ward and hooked the cable of tha 
id of the Ihipi that were 10 Turkifh (hip, fo that the lire waa 
«n. immediately communicated to her. 

twcl<rc o'clock at night, com- The lieutenant after this brave ex- 
e Greig, with four Ihip* of ploit jumped into the fca, aod waf 
r and two frigatei, having with great diHicuIty faved. 
Jied to ihi mouth of the The fire took place foefFcfluatly, 
'( engaged ihe enemy within that in five hours the whole fle«i, 
ifdi, and an inceHant can- except one man of war and a few 
aad faomb.tidmcnt enfucd : z'l'i^' that were towed off by tho 
•ctt'cleck a fjgn^l was made Kuflian), wat totally deAroyed j 
maiit Dugdale, 10 run in after which they entered the har- 
Bfin-(bJp«,whiJ)hereaJily hour, and bombarded aod cannon- 
ed, and bare down himfelf aded the town, and a callle that 
w weatJiermoft ibip, one of proiefied it, with fucb fuccefi, that 
rt) Upon ihc nut in the a lucky (hot having blown up tht 
tbc loo others he ordered powder inagaiine Jn the latter, 
board the two leewardmoll both were reduced to a heap of 
Tvticilb la*t 1 at tha fame rubbifh. Tbuf, tlirough ih« htti 
[C] . ..!■ 



361 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

iDifcondufl of a commander, there turbed mailers of the f 

was fcarccly a veftige left at nine having blocked up the Str< 

o'clock, of a town, a caflle^and the Dardanelles, intercep 

a fine fleet, which had been all totally ruined the trade 

inrxiilcnce, atone, the fame mora- Levant. Count Orlow r 

ing. the brave Lieutenant, u 

It is faid that the Turks loft conduced the firtf-fhips, w 

6000 men upon this occafion, command of the Turkiih 

which dees not however feem pro- war that had been fav( 

bab!e» coniidering the nearnefs of which carried 62 brafs 



the (hips to the fhore, and Ou 
number of boats that the fleet 
as well as the port mull h.ive 
afforded. The run -away failo'^s 
filled the whole coafts of the Levant 
ui:h (liughter < nd confuHon, mur- 
dering the Greeks whcieevcr they 
met them, and endeavouring to 
burn the towns and cities. At 
Smyrna, th«fe ruffians maiTacred 
fcveral hundreds of the Greeks, and 
it was with the greateft difhculty 
that the Janizaries prevented them 
fioTi treating the other Europeans 
and foreign merchants in the lamc 
manner, as well as from burning 
and piuiidering the city, v^hich 
they leveral times endeavoured ; 
nor was tranquillity thoroughly re- 
llored, till the irrivalut Cara Oi'man 
Ogiou, a I'urkifh noblemanof great 
power and riches in that country, 
%^ho came with all the pomp of a 
prince, at the head of 3000 of his 
vafTi'S and followers, and having 
made (bine examples, and corrected 
the mal-condudl of fomc of the ci- 
vil oficers, dif; erfed thcfe inccn- 



he alfo gave Commodore 
the rank and title of Admir 
an a(rarance that it (hould 
lized to him, sis foon as ar 
coul J return from the cmp€ 

Li the mean time they 
the neiglibuuring idands, 
ing joined by ^reat nua 
the Greek inhabitants, as 
by tho:e who had follow 
fortunes from the Morea, 1 
firge to the c:iille of Lemi 
p{ ir.-fli n tf which, from 
nicy to the Dardanelles, 2 
ing a goud harbour, was • 
of great importance tc 
While fom*; of the Gre< 
employed in this fiege, 
greater part betook, a 
c;^amp!e of their ancefton 
racy, plundering indifcrii 
under the pretended fan6)i( 
Rulfian fidg, both friend 
and (i)Ied the Archipela 
their robberies and crueltic 

The once celebrated 
great and trading city of 
was now in a mofl critical (i 
its domeilic dangers feeme 



diaries, la the mean time, the 

unfortunate Captain Pacha, »ho equal to its powers of 1 

was wounded in the engagement, and an attack from the 

and who notwithftanding bore the 

total blame of this fatal misfortune, 

w«u Lehcaded by order of the Grand 

Signior, and Zaffer Ucy appointed 

Captain Pacha in hit place. 

The Kui&ans, by this great and 
fucccfSf became undif- 



which was every day expefl 
ed to threaten its utter de 
The inhabitants were ac 
Jy in the greatcft conflc 
hut the app:ehenfion 
an event, w.is more pa 
dreadful to the foreign 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [j; 

gnat aa^r of Eanqiewi ChriftUns of my aktioD t that-.tha 
MET cooflantlf refideni. M Eaglifh in pwticalu- «eM' btld bj 
it 9oM {volttbly ha*e the Emprels in [bt hi^bsit depM 
fUMt b the firft ioftaiKr, of efteem and fricndOiip, and that 
' had noib'inK left to exped he Ihould think bimfelf hippjr ir 
bceonc nAimi n the f*tj eytry occafioii that oSrrcd, of .M- 
ileBGG of the popqlacc. A filling her FiieDdly iDteDtioni, and 
ion lo Count Orlow. it wai expreJing hit uwn affeflion to. 
migbt prevent lach a de- them. The Count then oblerved, 
it wai forned, from being that it wat a thing unbaard of 
into execniion; to thi*, in the proccfs of a irar. to let 
r, the jealoafici wfaicb the an eaemy koowi ivbat wa>. Or wa» 
DO II entertain, ofan^com- not, within the intended lin« of 
ikn or intercoorfe between operaiioa ; thit it was be&dei be- 
dent Chriftian*, and an ene< yo:id hi* Icoowledge, ai fnch ope- 
■ear and>lb dangeroa* of ratiuni maft in a grMt mtal'nro 
*■ piofeffioD, feemed topte- depend npon intervening drcam- 
ivmoontable diAculties. flancet, aj well a» upon the excla- 
afoal jealonfy of the Tarki five will of the Sovereign. , 
d upon thii occa^rai. and Thii was the general anfwcr to 
iace to the comawa fafeiy; the depotaiion ; boi Count Orlow 
nbarked in this meafure at the fame linie treated iho Gen- 
iBNch eagerneli a* the pro- tleman with fuch nncomihon markt 
and farnilbed a fmall vcflel of friendlhtp and ttteniian, and 
iag of trace, for the depu- gave him fuch afltirances that no- 
well as fotne Janizaries to thing bui the utmoft neceffitjr coald 
faim on bb conrtc, from their induce hit miftref* to order, or hioi 
nple. An Englilb merchant to take any Itep that might prejn- 
:vailed npon to undertake dice his nationt ai fully removed 
ixardous office, as it was hii appreheufioni, and convinced 
:, from the great friendlhip him ihai be bad oKt with >the do- 
ig between the two nations, fired fuccefi. The Count at parting 
: was more likely than any gave him feveral TarkiOi prifonert 
ifocceed in tbenegociation: to take along with Urn. and told 
e reafooa, however, doubled them they owed their liberty only 
ger to him and his country- to ih^ Genttcmin, and to th« 
I any misfortune had fol< country which he belonged to, and 
This Gentleman, after deGred himfelf to attribute every 
• great rilki iu his voyage particnlar fatisfadion he had re- 
be Pirates on both fides, Ccived to the fame caufe. This 
loant Orlow buQly engaged favourable reception of the depniy, 
ficjte of Lemnos, who re- rcilored quiet to the inhabiianti ^ 
him wi>b great diHioAion, Smyrna, and .fateiy lo the Aran* 
wed every mark of relpc£t gers. 

[ard for hit country. The It would be an iojuAice to the 

informed him, ihac neither character of Count Orlow, no: to 

trodions nor inclinations take notice of tnc exiraardinary. 

I to oficr Mi> injury to the jiumanity and generofity, with 
[CJ 3 which 



58l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1776. 

^hich tie opott etery occafion the befiegers never Iietnl oT fcir 
tre;itrd the Turkiih prifoners that being in the i(land» till he attack«l 
fell into his hands, in the courfe theol foddenly before day in their 
of this naval war. Among other camp. The confequenoe was* chat 
noble inflance* of this nature, the the Ruiliant were routedt and the 
LaHy of an officer of high rank» furvivors obliged to take flieiter ia 
wa9 uken on her paflage from the their (hips ; and the Greeks wcfi 
coaft of Syria, together with her almoft totally cut to pieces: the 
daughter, a fine child of about few that eicaped, and Che iahabi- 
nine years old ; the Count imme- tants of the ifland that affifled the 
diately ordered them to be removed RufHaos, were hanged withool 
from the cruizer on board his own mercy wherever they were caoghL 
fhip, where they were lodged and Later accounts fay, that the 
treated with every degree cf relpedl. Ruffians returned to the ifland, and 
attended by their own people wiili- not only recovered their fbrner 
out the fmallcft rellraint, and all footing in it, but obliged Haflaa 
their rich baggage and elfeAs Bey and his troops to experience 
retutncd. With tne fame fpirit all the feveritiet, which they had 
of generofity, he, in conformity before infli^led on the Greeks. 
witli the Turkifliminners,abftained Thefe accounts, though there has 
from feeing the Lady ; but treated been more than fufficient time for 
the child when (he chofe to come it, have not however been prrper- 
to fee him, with all the tendernefs ly authenticated. The Rattans 
of a parent, and made her fevera! have made feveral attempts to force 
valuable and curious prefents* At their way through the Dardanelles; 
length, the Erfi opportunity that but without effeA ; and notwith- 
prefentcd, he fent the whole Handing the unparalleled fortune 
family at his own expence, on that attended them in deftroying the 
board a neutral ihip, to the huf- Turkiih fleet, the confeqoences 
band and father at Cooftantinople. have not hitherto been equal to 
Such aAions fhould not be forgot- what might have been expeded 
ten, and require no praife but the from fo extraordinary an event. 
rela:ing. Duriag this Hate of extreme 

Thefiegeof thecaftleof Lemnos lofs and misfortune, the Turkiih 
went on but ilowly, and continued Empire feemed convulfed in all its 
a long time ; the Greeks, who parts ; order, fubmiffion, and re- 
were almoft the only land forces ipeGt to government feemed totally 
that the Ru(S%ns now had, were at an end ; mafTacre and coafuSon 
languid operators in a fervice that took place ; and to fill op the 
required patience, labour, and dif- meafnre of calamity, the plague 
cipline, aad which prefented no made the moil cruel ravages, above 
immediate, nor raifed no golden a thoufand perfons dying daily in 
hopes of plunder. At leoth Haf- Conilantinople only, for feveral 
fan Bey, who we had occaiion to weeks. The deftrudion of their 
mention in the late fea*fight, crof- fleet was better known in ibat me- 
fed over by night from the conti- tropolis, and was in itfelf more 
nent of Romania with 3000 men, immediately alarming, than any 
and conduAed autters fo well, that other misfortune that could luive 

happened ^ 




hi S T ajl.X Q^ E U ROPE. p9 

«tt ud u if ^ dtngera of hii coantryiBea, w«ra alfi> f^* 

Hiiaite imv u9t (utttivaiy' cwed, le Bratt -nnr btttcriet- 

;. -^ nii-awajr fdlon filled on ibe ftrctglit*, ind lo p« ihe- 

i fti i||fc cf "tnd 'AAifufioBf ctfllct inis ■ pniper tec of 4c- 

iMTiy ftr" firt Id the dtj Ance. By ibefc bum, togcilMr: 

barbs . it ie^tni tiiMJ : it nitth tbt tnentuntj of Uw Diidt 

tbeft nUbcaiitt were fe ud currmti necel&fr to fiKilkUft 

beocd, by the ■cecSoa of fncb id eaterprime. «11 tke «C- 

adi OM Till«D« of all KinpH af the RuCau, to fbn* 

lonlevlarijr hj the cnnrdi th«r piffiga bxvc hiihetis ptoccd 

men tram tke Dinabe, fn'vM^. 

ti Bodiinrw rnbfil on bat Nor hu tbc revolntton is Bgpptr 

r, Am 1*7 cuu to an aor tbe intsrceptiiig of the trsdo 

»(KgeniCBt NRh the jvA- frota ibe le&r Afia and Syria by 

in die fgbarbi of Pera, (he KaSant, been attciidrd afitli 

KMOe thov&Mb of them wttt tbe fatal cmteqacacei i« tbe ac- 

dty cat u ^ecei, and tbc' tropolii (btt wen expcdcd, M 

^mcd. imidft all'ite calioutia it bai been 

le BKan tioM. every ineie- cooftaatly tad plentifallj fupplied 

icafarc «» taken far tbe fis with provMoni ; a fdid ly for «bicb 

af tbe Dardaacllci, and all h it prindpally iadebted, le ibc 

lainingAipt and plliet were Ion;; nrent of fea-coaft front ibe 

Nit with'ibe greattft ezpedi^ moD:baftbeHeUe<pantto the Black 

affift ID defmdine the paf- Sea. In ibc nen-ane, thematat 

Tbe lite Vizir, Moldavanri feafon having obliged the Aoffiant 

dia, wai recalled frtm hu M ^itit ibeir ftation near tbe Oar» 

ind fient at the bead of danellei, the trade throngb tbc 

nen for the fame pnrpofe; 8reii!liii hat again been opnied. 
tbe firll eneiniei he had to While tbe forte ba* thus ftially 

ter were the rcbelliont fat. experitnced, all the nciffitodei and 

>bo landed in a body in b**Dck of war, the calamiiiei of 

if the Captain Pacha, and -peftilence, and the headlong de^ 

r xeal for their religion, a ftrnflivcevili of anarchy, in ibeir 

or their avarice and licenti- 'Europtan dominion* ; the lame 

, intended to have plnnder- niaonf fyRem of policy, and weak* 

burnt the city of Gallipoli, neCs and relaxation of govern nen t. 

have ttiilTacred the Greeki : have extended their cffea) into 

ere however happily dilap> other parts of ibii great empirct 

I io tbii cruel defign, by toe and have produced a new and ex- 

and rclbttition of tbe late traordinary revohition in Egypt, 

who feverety chaftifed their The celebrated Ali Bey, who baa 

ley, and after killing a great fo long made a diftingnidied figure 

r of thna. redaced the re- a:noag che faAioni that for fome 

r to orderl Tbe Chevalier yean have torn that coontry to 

I Ptcuch GentlctDan who pieces, bn* it length thrown b;r 

eo confal in Tartary, and ii the maflt. and taking advantage of 

be an engineer of the lirft the prefent Rate of diftrefa and 

»getbcr with (crcral otheri danger, hat boldly omunted tbc 

[C] 4 throne 



4o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

tbronf^ of the ancient Sultans of fion ; while the GovcrnorSt by cc- 

tha' kingdom. cafionally iupporting one ptny 

It appears that tVe Ottomans, ag^init the other, en\leavrnred to 

h^vr f'rnm the beginning made but derive that po^cr and confequence 

a I^x ufe of their authority in the from their dilTeniions, which the 

^vernment of Egypt. The dilbnce authority of office was incapable of 

a"d ciimatr m;<de it difiicult to lup- procuring. 

po*-t any confidcrahle number of All Bey, who feems to be a man 

tro'^ps there : Wfhilr tr^m its prculiar of l^ron;; nitural parts, and co.fi- 

fitnation, and the number i- 1 harba- dcrabic alilitics, appcjrs to have 

fous nations on its borders, who improvi'd upon the line of pel icy 

would nn rurally join the natives, I'truck out by the GovcTnors« and 

or at I^*!!! p.fford them flielier and by dexteroufly (hifling for a nuoi- 

prnte^ion if ov ^rconic, ncthing lefs ber ot years from one fide to ano- 

than an' nrniy could enforce a v?ry thcr, and dcllroying by degrees 

(Irid obcdicrce. Satisncd ^ith fuch parties as were obnoxious to 

the ^reat bcncfirs xh^i reiuhcd from him, he at length formed one great 

i's b( ing a cr?.nary to Cmllantino- one, which like Aaron's rod iwal- 

pie and other rar:s of their Jomi- lowed up all the others. Net 

riions, as it had formeiiy been to content with the kingdom of £- 

anciert Urme. the Turks were gvpr, he has laid claim to Syria, 

conicJt with a very moderate tri- Palellinc, and the part of Arabia 

bute, no: ab vc one-thirw of uhich that had belonged to the ancient 

came into the treai'ury. A gairilbn Suhani. 1 he ulqrpcr accord-ngly 

of Janizirics was kept at Cairo, marched at the head of an army 

uhire a Tafha uiih the title of Go- to fupport thcfc pretcnfions, and 

vcrnor, but with little more power has actu:illy fubdued iume of the 

tlnn A hat the great men of the neighbouring Provinces both of 

ecu n try cho(e to allow him, con- Arabia and Syria. 
lV:nj'y rtTui'd. The Princes and At the fame time that he ii 

<Tranutt'^ m the country, had ab- engaged in thcTc ambiiiout pur- 

friliit^ power in tht-ir rc'pe^live iuits, he is not Icfs attentive to 

t.-rri: ric^. ar.u h( id a general the elhblithing of a regular form 

idVnSly or cojn-..t], every year of government, and of introducing 

at Llto, v- hire ihey fetiLd the order into a country that has 

;vnnKnt of liio revenues, and been fo Ion*; the feat of anarchy 

ciiir.^d ujcri iuch other rati- and coisfulinn. His views aic 

c r^ .! DuitcTj ao de(:«ande<l contiJcr- equally extended to commerce, for 

a::«)p. I d prevent any rcilraint wiuch purjHife he has given great 

ffi r/ ihi" ( .i>\t rnor, or thcr bein^ cnc^^jrai^ement -to th? Chriilian 

cu:i.. viu hv thr l.mi'/.uies, as well Tr;iiiL-r%, and has taken off iome 

T.: :ro:n thi* cuniiniial quarrels IhaLiCul reAraints and indignitfieSa 

%in.)i<;jr thi-mlc'les. they ail came to which they were fubjeifl in that 

a'.::'!>.at:d by ineir jraud v-llals. barbarcus country ; healfourorea 

'iuui ailemblics, iunoivr io b.irba- leiUT to the republic of Venice, 

roti, a pei pic, naturdily factious with the grcaiell aifurances of his 

ai.d treacherrus, prctenti-d conti- frienddnp, and that their Mer- 

nuiil fccncs of bluodlhcd aud confu- dams ftiould meet with every de«'. 

gree 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [41 

{TrcoTproiefikm ind rarety, his Rey haf alTumrd the rule, an 

gmi dcfign ii fiid to be, lo mike elFeiiiinate, cruel, treacheraos, and 

Einfelf mafler of the Red-Sea ; lo daftardly ; who, for a long fuccef- 

opn the port of Suez to all na- lian of agci, have been ihe eafjr 

DOM. but particularly to the Eu- prey of every barbarcos invader, 

npcaiM. aod to make Egypt once and corrupted wiih every vice, that 

BOrrtlie great center of commerce. debafei hu;ii3ii naure. If It could 

Tbough ihia conduA and ihcfe be iimfiir.eil that fucb a people 

■icwa, (hew an exieit of'thrunhc wmilJ ^a like men in rhedefence of 

aad ability ihat indiciie nothing their rights, their own malice and 

of the harbarian, and befpeak a treac'.iery noald probably alter* 

■iod equal to the founding of an w^rJs execute, what lbs enemy 

empiretyciifthePoriecanconcJude was incnpnble cf «lF«arpg in the 

a tolenble peace with Raltia. there field. It cruld be ctily the total 

feCBBi no great prt^ahiliiy thjt fuhvcrfion of the Utioman empire, 

ibW new government will be laJt- that coul.i aff'nrJ a pmrpett of 

ing. The people over whom ^li fuccefji to this undertaking. 



Va'oa^tf /Imit af PaJanJ ; tht piegut heaii cut in that eeantrt. Girmany, 
Ct^iaa i/lbl Emfirtr. Of U t K:u^ cf Prujfia- I'r«jTiJia trBftfi titter 
tjt Itmltriet 0/ Daalxiti. Chfr-".-]' in the Min:j!i\ at CtpmbaglK. 

Pa^ri^ ixpiJithn egahj} J!girn. ^-^a.n. Diprt-izi bil-wten tbtftattt 
cf Hailand amd lb* EltHer Falatint. 

POLAND Hill continues to tav.ts, ihc furvivurstotally abandon, 

groan under all the eaUmi[:es of ed th.ii iinponanl lbrirel<, which 

■ war, in which her (hare ii only cnntinueJ cxpofcd and defined for 

'.1 IcS'^r. While labouring under fevcril m 'iiths, neither RuBiani 

sSf yike of foreign cruelly and op- nor raiivej venlming to take pof- 

pre^'on, and coarulled in every fetTion of it. /Ml the peatants of a 

part by the domeRic rage of her viiiajc be!?iX''^5 •" 1^'in^e Caar- 

ci;izcns, thefe complicaicd evilj loriflci were fwept off in one day, 

have ibis year been increaled, by ami nine monaficries were left with- 

the addition of that molt dteadiul cut an inh.ibiian:. 

fcooTge the peftilence. This dir". It wculJ Iccm that this fatal 

temper broke out in fomc villages fcourge of mar.kiiid, in ihe prelent 

CI the froniieri of Turky, from l^ivlcis llate of that country, con- 

• bence it foon fpreaU into the ad- tinually koured by independent, 

jaining provinces of Poland, and or oppofitc bodies of armed men, 

made the mcff cruel ravages in together wiih the confl.ini coro> 

Po:!alia. Volhinia, ar.d the Uk- munication nccniionnd by the tak- 

raine. Having penetrated into ihe in^ of prisoners and p'unJcr, and 

flrong frontier city of K.iminicck, the carryini; off priwiiVipj, ci'uld 

where i; made gie:it havWk amnng not by any .iiiman means ha.-; breii 

'.:ie garrilbn u well aa the inhal)i- reliraincd in iii prc:'rcr>. The 

lil.Vi 



42] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



lines however that were drawni and 
the great care taken to prevent its 
fprcadingy have providentially fuc- 
ceededy and confined its rage to 
thofe provinc's where it firft began, 
where it is faid to have fwept ofF 
250,000 of the people. By the 
lateft accounts,«Ae fevere cold of 
the winter has efPe^lually checked 
its fury ; happy if the returning 
heat of the fomnier, operating upon 
the mifery and dilirelTes of the peo- 
ple, does not again call forth its 
latent feeds into adlion. 

The continued loiTes of the con- 
federates have by no means leiTen- 
ed their exorbitances, nor even in 
appearance their numbers ; on the 
contrary, they fecm to multiply and 
•cquire new Arength by repeated 
dellruAion, are in pciTiflion of fe- 
veral provinces, and that exienGve 
country prefent^ nothing but end- 
Icfs fcenes of ruin and dcfolation. 
If we are forprized at the adonifh- 
ing perfevcrancc which dill produ- 
ces confedrracies, %ve cannot be left 
fo, that (he country (hould in any 
manner be capable of fupporting 
them : it might be imagined that 
in fuch a ft«te of infccurity and 
anarchy, vihcre thrre is fo little 
hope ot enjoying the future crop, 
the hufbandmen would wholly a- 
bandon the cultivation of the earth. 
Jt appears by a calculation faid to 
be accurate, that the confederates 
had exaded above a year n^o from 
the inhabitants of the province of 
Great Poland only, iince the firft 
commencement of hoftilitics, above 
16 millions of florins : to which if 
we add the provifions and forage 
furnifhed to the Ruffians, the 
plunder and ruin of private fami- 
lies, and the lofs fuilaincd from the 
great number of exili-5, who car- 
ried off their moft valuable move- 



ables, fome idea may be formed of 
the deplorable ftate of the conntry. 

The great Germanic powers, fiill 
obferve the fame myfierious con- 
duA with refpcd to the affairi of 
Poland, and the events of the pre- 
fent war, which we have before 
more than once taken notice of. 
The breaking otit of the plapoe, has 
afforded an opportunity to the Em- 
peror as well as the King of Pmffia, 
to form lines compofed of great bo- 
dies of troops along the frontiers of 
that countiy. The clofe connec- 
tion that at prefent fabfifts between 
thefe Princes, the mutaal comple- 
tion of their forces, the attentioa 
ihcy pay to their refpeAive military 
departments, and the excellent con- 
dition of their armies, (eem to in- 
dicate fome great defign in view. 

The Emperor, in purfuance of 
his former conduA at Milan, the 
good efFe^ls of which had been fo 
happily expcritncrd by the inha- « 
bitants of that dutchy, has fet apart 
one day in the week at Vienna, for 
receiving petitions and complaints 
from all his fubje^^s, without any 
the fmalleft diftinflion as to birth 
or rank ; and the ofBcers of the 
court have eyprefs orders, not to 
turn away any perlbn whatever who 
may come to implore his protec- 
tion, let th'ir condition be ever 
fo low. He at the fame time nobly 
declared, that it behoved him to 
dojudice, and that it was his in* 
variable intention to render it to 
all the world, without rcfpeQ of 
pcrfon.s. 

The camp and grand review this 
year at Neufiad in Moravia, feemed 
calculated for the entertainment and 
reception of the kin? of Pruflia, who 
paid a vifit to the Emperor at that 
place. The meeting between g 
thefe great monarchs was in '^ '^' 

appearance 




ttlSTORY OF EUROPE. t43 

■MfcrwiManJagaiHoB. The dtj of DaottUk hai am 

nMlf taaftft ths bdMMen, occafioa ihii jeu-, of cxptriendog 

iior^ the tiMpt, flMiif of oneof themuiyDiifbrtiiiwitowUn 

wAcvbcKd, aad had cxpc- a fnudl lUte. which hu great aad- 

■ dw &tsl aMfeqaeneet of fouDidableneij^iboiirtufrcqoeBlljr 
Bofitj that had fi> long fnt^ expofed- A bMjr of Prof- « 
envcra the two familiet. fian iroopiiMile afadden 1*^*9' 

people w«c ^Kpobd to irruption at two o'clock ia die noro* 

ft due other canfci befidei iog into the territoriei of that cjnr, 

• or CMJoGif, had ooadnced where they rorpiised ftrcral of tiw 

Uto fifiti beneen thefc ont-pofli, finied.tho cuaoa, aad 

1 1 aad that the war between made the men prifimcra. They 

ifhboariDg powen* to which were afterwardi reinforced to th* 

flfthcBCoaldheindifferentt ODiaber of five tboafand, and en- 

■ nitiniate objeA of them, camped aboot fcor milei from tha 
it paid by Prince Henry of uty, where they coatinued fome 
to the Coortof Petcrlborgb, weeke, bat oblerred an ezaft difd'' 

ia loao degree to connte- p.liac. 

Ina opioitn ; ami made it not Thit violent tranfaftioo coold not 

■■pofibic, thatbcb a par- fiul of being fufficiently alarming 

>f territory might be agreed to the DinEzicken, who baviog fe- 

bctween the three coorti, cured ibeir gatei, applied to al) the 

U be highly advaDtigeovs foreigo Miaillen to write to their 

i( and which ia the prefent refpeUivc courts, lo implore their 

ftancei moft hare been fub* proteftion, or ioterceffion in their 

to, ai well by the Porte ai favour. It leems that the Magi- 

abiicof Poland. The Ciiy Arates hid Torbidden the Prnffiio 

ixick, and regal Prnffia. were recruiting officer! to levy men with- 

of the noA imjiortaDt and in their free city ; and the Ppft- 

(nature 10 one Of the puriie^; oiafter had refufedtopaftiibiDecalki 

le the provinceaof Moldavia of rilver,which came tor the Prnffian 

alachia. left lb to anoiher { rcfideat.wiihoDi examination. The 

loffia might have been amply complaint tbnndcd on the lafl of 

>£ited on the fide of Tanary thefe caufeiwai the more groaodler*. 

t Goafi* of the Black Sea, ai the poft-office beloogs to tbc King 

■ever thi* may be. Hates chat of Poland, and the Magiftratea have 

Tval power fetdom want am- no manner of authority over it. 

1 and the Emperor ii now The coolctjuence waa, thai in 

have the fine ft and beft dif. aboQtamooth.the city,aponagree- 

d army, that ever the boufe ing to pay 75 ,000 docaii, ind fnb- 

kia wai poflHred of. With fcribing to certain conditioni, wan 

rcc, and the affefiion* of the admitted id depute two counlellon 

, which he fe eminently pol- to make a fubmininn 10 hit PrafSan 

be may well be lappoted to Majclty. The condiEiooi were : 

;rcat defigni, and the prefent ift. That they Ihould fcctle and pay 

M of affain, feemi in a par- withont delay, all the demanda 

manner to a£fbrd an oppor- made by the Kiog't rubjefii, on tbe 

far their completion. city or burgheri :— -ad. That tha 



^] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



PruiTians (hoald have liberty to cn- 
)iit recraiis, agreeable to the treaty 
of Whelavar : — 3d. Thai they (hall 
not harbour any Pru^:an dcfertcrs : 
— *4th. That the money confign'ed 
to the Pruflian reiident, (hall not 
hr. liable to infpc^tion :— and 5th. 
That the inhabitants (hall comport 
ihemfelves in fuch a manner, as 
not to give any future raufe of com- 
plaint to his Prudian Majeily. 

Ac the fame time all the Pruflian 
fobjefls thnt were rclidents of Dant- 
wk, were peremptorily ordered to 
return to their rcipe<llive countries- 
Nothing could Iv? more arbitrary, 
nor attrnded with circumllances of 
^rca'^er cr;iclty th.in this a^. Many 
of thefe propic had married, h.iJ 
Trrmed ail their connexions, had 
p' quired comideraMe fortunes, and 
hpil fpent tne principal pnrtof thrir 
lives in that ^reat tradinj^ city : fo 
titui this order carried along with it 
sU the pungent iiings of baniChmenc 
from a native country, at the motl 
critical period.s and in the mud 
interefting fituations of life. 

Several quick and unexpeXed re* 
voiations, have taken place this 
}-carintheD n:(h miniHry. Count 
Holke, the great fnvjurits of the 
King, and luppofed to pofTefs an 
unbounded afcendencv over him, 
was fuddenlv, 10 the furprir.c of the 
world, uithut any motives publicly 
aligned, degraded fiom all his cm- 
ploy meiii<^, and bamlhed the court. 
•Several other ercac chaii(>e!>, as ra- 
pldly* And aimolt as uncxprctrfi^lly, 
liavc Ijnce taken place at this court : 
ihc Count) Mi'Uke, Tii^tt, Ke- 
vcQtUu, and N.'. de Roiencrantz, 
have been oiimiiu'd fr«.>m their cm- 
plnymrnts, wittumt a peniioT, or 
other mar k rf favc;;r to :;.iy of them, 
except M. RoU-i crapix. General 
Pailulc»pi«o.v, lae Kulliaa Miuilter, 



quitted this coort abruptly 
without taking leave, imtnec 
upon thefe lafl changes, whic 
place juft at the dofe of the 

The caofe of thefe move 
has not yet tranfpired. It i 
that the French intereft has ( 
gained ground confiderably a 
pcnhagen ; and from the i 
departure of the Ruflian mi 
it might not fecm unwzrra 
to hazard a conjedlurc, th 
intrigues of that bufy com 
foTic ihare in this change of 
fters. The King however cot 
the fame patriotic condu^ t( 
his people, which has hither 
tinguilhcd his reign ; as 
p*oof of which, as well as < 
difpofition to the encouragem 
arts, iciences, and learning, 
this year freed the prefs fr 
rellraints, and by a refer ipt d 
the cadleof Hirl'cholm, exe.11 
Books published in his dom: 
from any kind c( cenfurc. 

The ill fucceis of (he exp< 
which the Danes undertoo 
year againA Algiers, is a rec 
ilance, that large thips, hean 
Ron, and a number of failoi 
not conilitute an ul'eful and el 
navy, without that military fa 
and (kill, which is only to 
quired in aituni fervice. '1 h< 
ciron fent upon ihi> expedici' 
conducted by Admiral Kaa 
con ii lied of four liiips of th 
two frigiu.**» ^^v.) h^.nU) vcffll: 
firclhip. 1 he Aiiiiiir J i hav- 
ing anchored in 't\: road of* 
Alj:icr?, hoiftcd a white fla^ 
uhich he entered into a i 
ncj:ociation wi;h the Dcy, iv 
f^ much difpleaiVd with a Ic 
had icceivcQ inm him, that 
dercd the Algciine colour) 
hoi tied « and icvcral c.nuo 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. [45 



l^be fired at the Danes ; bot they 
khf at fuch a diftance as to be 

an of all danger, iliil conti'iucd 
IB ibe fame pactF«c diipoiiiion, 
mihout returning a fingle iboc, and 
tkf white flag flying. 

This ttrunge appearance of war 
ind peace, of avoued thrCii:, and 
of real inaQion, continued un the 



barians made fcveral fpirited. 
though inelFcdlual attempts, as 
well by their gallies. as by a rait, 
or iloaiing battery, which they con- 
ilructed, to have made the Danes 
icpent of their vide. 

On ih.it day, the admiral hung 
out a while flag, and Icai a floop 
towards the fli<»rc, under the I'ame 



fide of the Danes for Ave whole days, peaceable cniij.i, wSich was met 
thuagh the Algeriocs fired at thcni by the capc-iiii of the port, in a 



feveral times with great fury, but 
•itbout elFec), as they were never 
vitliin reach of their (hot. In the 
Bcjn time the Algerines Attcd out 
fix gillies and galliots, who made a 
bold attempt, in the ni/nt, in bring 
oh the D.tnifli b^tmb-vciilla, in 
which, however, they failed of 
(ccccfs. '1 he inhabitanti of the 
ci:y uere notwithiUndi'^g in great 
cnQtofioD, as the longer the c!ouJ 
WAS gathering, the more dreauful 
ihfy apprehended would be its efl-'cCts 
HrlkCD it burll ; th?y acc\)r^:i. >Iy 
del'crted the place in great nuiii hers, 
and fciired with their muii valuable 
moveables to the woods and m^uu- 
tiios. 

Oa the 6:h morning, the ndmi- 
nl hoiiled the bloody flag, and the 
cannonade and bombardment nt 
ier.gth began, which ivas immr Ji- 
atcly aniweri-d with great brilknei's 
by all the cailles a 'd fons about 
the city, and continued ail day, 
bu! without a finclc fliot havino; 
taken place on either fide, in the 
evening, the admiral again hung 
cji the white flag; and the Algc- 
rine gallies made another attempt 
10 the night, with great refolution, 
to bring off the bomb veiTels, but 
a ere overpowered by the fuperior 
fire of the fie?t, which continued 
Kill morning. This fort of engage- 
ment was carried on to the izth 
cavy during which time the £dr- 



bark, who came to know the caufc 
of its approacli. A letter from the 
admiral was tlvjn delivered to the 
captain, uMch he wa^i char"ed to 
deliver into the Dcy*:» owi. h.mda. 
but whiLii he fojn a.'tsr brcughc 
bad:. uiJi an account that the l3ev 
rerulcd to receive it. The Danr'i 
lingered two davs longer, during 
which time, the Algcriaes were 
flruirglin:; with the weather, thougli 
it blew a iLjrm, to endeavour lo 
brinjT ihe raft to bear u^on iljem. 
At Ienp,ih. on the 15th day, ihc 
fi'.-ei wfjRiied a ichDr in the iiiorii- 
iog, and put ail end to this unac- 
countabie cxpeditijD. 

Svvc.:en his been produdJive of 
noihing very inierelling this year. 
A Iu:n tf money having been al- 
lotud by the ilato, to tn«»ie ihe 
Princes of Sweden to graii.y their 
curiofity, of makii)g a toiJr to fee the 
prsacipal nations of Karope ; tiie 
iVince Royal and his next brother, 
Adolphas rredeiick, (et out in ilic 
latter end of the year upon that 
laudable defign. 

A new ordinance rclntiv to pomp 
and luxury ha-* been jiTaed, b.' 
which the ievrrityof the former, o;' 
1765, has been much relaxed. All 
winei, however, except thoi'e of 
France, the Ilhinp, and Pcr'vciL 
asvi*c!l as punch, flil! concinuc to r»e 
prohibited ; ns are worked rutri/s, 
velvets^ and iilk Uces u^n liveries. 

The 



46] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



TKe ofe of coffee, tea, and choco- 
late it permitted ; but every family 
tkat sfe them mud pay for a licence 
ia proportion to their rank and 
•amber. The importation of 
wiodow-glafs from England and 
France is permitted, but fobjed to 
a daty of 25 per ant. By another 

3rolation, the expence of fune- 
s it limited, and oak coffins are 
prohibited ; as are hey dues and 
fanning footmen. 

The death of the Ring, which 
happened fince the clofe of the 
year, and the acceflion of a young 
oAive Prince, nearly allied to the 
King of Pruffia, and who does not 
Icem deficient in ability, may pro- 
hMj caofe great alterations in the 
iaternal government, as well as in 
the general political fyftem of this 
coantry. We have feen upon for- 
flier 06CafioBt that the court have a 
Terr great party in the country : 
tod a yoang Prince, if he has only 
commoa abiUties, will find a dif- 
pofitioa very favourable to his 
aagmenting the namber of his 
frieodt. 

A mifonderftanding, which hap. 
peaed diit year between the Sutes 



of Holland and the Ele^kor Pala- 
tine, relative to the navigation of 
the Rhine, and the payment of 
certain duties claimed by the 
former, had for a time the appear- 
i^nce of being attended with fe« 
rious confequences. The Eledor, 
upon this difpate, flopped fome 
veflTels belonging to the republic, 
at Duffsldorp, and the latter pub- 
liihed an interdi^on of the navi- 
gation on the Rhine to his fubjeds, 
and prohibited all commerce and 
communication between the two 
ftates. This was refented fo warmly 
by the Eledor, that his troops re* 
ceived orders to be ready to>march 
at the fhorteft warning ; whtfenpoa 
the ftates iflued an order for fifteen 
battalions to reinforce the garrifims 
of Maeftricht, Venlo, and Grave* 
and a number of veflTels were pre« 
pared to convey artillery and war- 
like llorei to thofe places. The 
Courts of Vienna and Berlin, and 
the Eledor of Triers, however in- 
terfered upon this occafion, and by 
their friendly mediation, affairs 
were amicably adjuAed, • . . 
and the navigation on •'"^ '9"^ 
the Rhine again opened. 



CHAP. 




HISTORY OFEUROPE. [47 



CHAP. VI. 

ffamtt, Smfiriwgt ^ M. Ji CbaUimt. Pn/tntitm nmrntmaJ *g*infl tbg 
Dui* flii^Uam, at Ftr/ailUi. A htd of juftitt ktU, at •u/bith tbt 
JCng fmli *fi»p t» tbt Fnficmtin by hit Liltirt Patint. CohJmS »f lb* 
PrLmcu ^ tht HmJ. Jrrtt tf iht farliamtnt ef Paris ttfaixfi ihi DiJu. 
Tbt Kimg iffutl an arm. By •aibieb that ef tht farUamtnl it aitnntUd, 
GramJ Afalalitm fnm tbt farliamtat le VtrfsiUti ; tbt Kiag's aiifvn 



C*m^tS af tb: atbtr farliamtati. D.futatisn fra-n tbt farliamtm tf 
Britmry ; ftoi ^ in mcmitri jint I* frifan. Tbt Xing arrivti faddtidj 
ml Parii, mad iatJi a bid af jufiiei, at •uibicb all tbt paptri rtiativi 



tb* frafttmtiaa art fiixtJ, and tbt dttrtti »/ ibi farlioMtat trafid fiam 
tbt Ktgifitri. fialial mtafarit tatia toilb tbt atbtr parliamtati. Jrrtt 
/ram tbt Kiag't caancil af fiatt. Diftnjfii af tbt pttpltfrom ibiftmreitf 

af fravifiani. Carfita: Sxptditiea U Taaii. Stall »/ Italy. 

WHILE wir hi) beeo liyiog erer degree of merit he might (|e> 
wmfte ODC pirt of Eur.>pe, rive from chat aAion, the admi. 
uA hai bccd hardly withheld from niftration of hit governmeat wai 
Ike other, tKai reniefi lAive fpirit fuch, ai to bring opon him a great 
in France, which has fo often nrged degree of the odigm of the peo- 
iti influence amoRg her neighbours, pte whom he gOTerneil: till at 
(mou now. perhip», happily for length a public profecution wai 
then, to find dotnellic matter fuffi- commenced againn him by the 
cient to give it full emptoymeni. parliament of the province! for 
The partiality and obftinacy (hewn crimei of the deepeA and blackeft 
by the king, in behalf of M) fa- die. Whatever fbundation there 
voorite, the Dulcc dc Aiguillon, might have been for theTe chargeir 
bein» oppofed by the intrepid re- there mnll have been fomethtng 
(blutiun of the parliaments in de- very alarming and extraordinary 
fence of the eftiblilhed and le^al in bis conduft, tbat could induce 
government, ha« already effeAed the whole nation to unite agatnft 
ID part, and feem! hnally to one man, with ai much fervor, at 
' '' ' the particular members of the 
province that he governed. Nor 
RMiniry. was thii a popular odium only, 
Thii Duke, who hi) occafioned founded upon the fympathy of the 
To much confuTion in hii native people, or proceeding from (he 
cnantry, wag feveral yean gover- veneration they owed to their par- 
Mr of the province of Britany, and liaments ; we fee that the Piincev 
■cqeifcd lome credit in the laft of the bloud, and fuch of the Peers 
war, from hit having the command ai were nnt under immediate in- 
of the rernlar forces and militia, fluence, though the natural fop- 
«ho attaclced our rear in the well- porter* of the crown, were upon 
Jtaowo atfair ef St. Cai. What- ihii occafioQ on ibe fane fide, and 



so] ANi»JUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



parliament ; declared it to be an 
infringement of the royal autho- 
rity, and commanded the Duke to 
take his place among the Peers. 

This arret was followed by (trong 
reprcfentations from the Princes 
and Peers, complaining not only 
of the illegal proceedings at the 
late bed of jullice, which anni- 
hilated the undoubted rights, at 



the late tranfadlions to be iltegali 
and as fubverfive of the King's 
LUthority^ which was founded opon 
the laws, as they were deftruQive 
to juflice, and to the rights and 
privileges of the peerage and peo- 
ple. 

Arret followed arret » from the 
parliaments of-Bourdeaux and 
Touloufe, by which the Dutchy 



the fame time that it facrificed the of Aiguillon was ftripped of all the 
honour of thr peerage ; but alfo of rights and privileges of peerage* 
the King's arbitrary mandate, until the Duke fliould be acqoit- 
whlch forbad them to deliberate ted by due coar(B of law, of all 
upon a fubje£l, in which their moll the charges laid againft him. The 
ciTential interefts, and mod valuable parliament of Reones, returned no- 
privileges were involved. Repre- opened the King's lett^ petenr, 
fentations of the fame nature, were which were fent to aoflol one of 
made by the parliament of Paris, their arrets. They aUb burnt by 
who fent a grand deputation of the common hangmeir, two printed 
, forty-two of their members memorials in favour of the Duke 
^ ' to Verfailles, headed by the de Aiguillon, whieh they illecUred 



to contain the mod deteftable te- 
nets, totally fobverfive of the coo- 
ftitution, of the rights, ]ibertiet» 
and franchifes of the people ; and 
founded upon principles that tend 
to overturn all legal governmenti 
and to loofen every band that 
unites mankind in a (late of kh 
ciety. 

The king's council being fent 



firft prefident, to whom the King 
returned the following anfwer ; 

** After the decree you gave on 
the 2d of this month, which 1 have 
Annulled, I ought not to liften to 
your reprcfentations : I will never 
permit any oppoGtion to the exe- 
cution of my Letters Patent, of the 
27th of lait month ; and I forbid 
you, under the pains of difobe- 

dience, to throw any obilacle in the to court by the parliament of] 
v/zy of the Duke de Aiguillon's to know what day it would pleafe 
enjoyment of all the rights of his Majelly to receive their re* 

peerage in your Aflembly." The monlbances, were anfwered by the 

peremptorinefs of this command, chancellor, ** That his Majefiy 

had, however, no effefl upon the would neither y^# nor hear his par< 

condu^ of the parliament ; who, liament." The Council, wen 

having met next day in full af- 

fcmbly, confirmed all their former 

decrees and refolutions, and only 

deliberated what were the proper 

tneafures next to be taken in con- 

fequence of ir. 

The other parliaments were not 

behind hand in vigour or refolution 



were 

however blamed, opon the ailem- 
bling of the chambers to receive 
the report, for no: delivering their 
meflage perfonally to the King* 
and for accepting any anfwer from 
the Chancel ior. 

A deputation of nineteen mem- 
bers from the parliament of Bri< 



with that of Paris. They declared uny, received leave to wait upoi 

the 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



CS' 



Ae king U Conpeigne ; but were been the principal caufe of Ail 1 
faUd lO pall tkroagh P«ris, either more irregujar proceedings in foioe 
K or coining bacic, other parliaincnti ; that ihe king 



goiDg or c 
Aif. Motb. Thekiiigi 

them to fpetk a fea- 
Moe, told then that hit letters pi- 
Mnt AuMild tuvcimporcd a mollab- 
Uue filcoce on them ; that their 
coadoA was of too ferioai a natore 
a pals lUpaniQied; but that he 
waM cooteat himfclf with punifli- 
I of ihem, which he hoped 



iiipoftd the moll abfoluca 
£lcnce, and forbid all deliberations 
upon ihofe fubjecls. Tiiat he fore- 
warned ihem, that he fhould look 
upon atl correfpondence with the 
Other parliament!, ai a criminal 
confederacy againft his perfon and 
authority. He ordered all hi) lirft 
ifidentf, and all other prefldenta 



■add be fafficient to keep the reft and officers of the parliament, who 

n ikdr duty. Two of ihc mem- fliould preGde in his a' fence, to 

\tn 1KTC accordingly fdzed, and break up all afTemblies, whErein any 

fcn priioRera to the cattle ofVin- propofsl Oiould be made for deti- 

cnaca. berating upon objefls, coocerning 

Notwithflaoding the ill fuccefi which he has impol'ed filence, as 

■UA had hitherto attended the well as upon any letters or dif- 

fuliuBCBt of Paris, in all its ap- patchei (hey fhould receive from 

■fiotiona to the king, it Sill per- other parliamcnci." Thus ended 



imiTd ia fending repeated dena- 
tMiOB* and remonlirancei to him, 
■ad though the feafon of the vear 
far their vacation was arrived^ 



extraordinary bed of jaAict . 
which had thrown the whole city 
of Paris loto the utmoll terror and 
difmay i and which was farther io< 
adjourn, while the crcafed, by the profound filence 
conflitDiion of their conn- that had been commanded, and was 
for fome time obferved, in every 
thing relative to the tranfadions of 
this day. 

The parliament however had re- 
fnlution enough to meet agaiR, and 
ifTucd an arret, in wIiiLh they ob' 



Of sere in lb critical a fiiuatioo. 

At length tbc king ar- 
StpL 3d, rived fnddenly at Paris, 

in the morning, attend- 
ed by hia gaards, who having im- 
Mdiaiely fnrrounded the parlia- 

■Mt-hooTe, he entered it, and held ferve, talking of this maicer, that 

1 bed of jaflice, at which it is faid the mar.y afls of arbiuaty power 

W leproached the members in the exercifed aj-aii-fl both the fpirit and 

feteret term); be then told the letter of the conHituiion of the 

ti>unbert of Inquedi and Requcfls, French monarchy, nnd indeed a- 

iku be had no need of ihem, and gainA th^ folemn vow of the kirg, 

tky might retire ; after which all leave no room to doubt of a prc- 

tke decrees, afls and proceedings meditated defifjn to cliangc the form 

*piai the Duke d'Aiguillon, were of government ; they however pro. 

oiled far and delivered, and order- fclTed their firm inien[ions, to per- 

<d to be erafed from their regilleri. fevere in carrying truth to the foot 

Thechinccllor then madeafpeech, of the throne, and poflponed ihe 

i° toe king's name, in which he farther confiUeration ul'uhai palLJ 

laid ihem, among many other at the late bed oi'juiiice.to the fst- 

■Ungi, " That their example had lowing December. 

[D] 1 In 



5a] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

In the mean time violent me^- hm alwavs had the honour Co diA 
Aires were purfu* d with feveral of tinguiOi itfcIFiD fupport ofthe coa- 
the other parliamc-f*:. Tr.e par- ftitution, againll the defpotic will 



liament cfBril :nv, .^cfidcs thcr in- 
juries it had r.lnnHy (ullaincJ, pnr- 
ticularly in the lofi ' f two at iis 
members, c;iriied off from the 
king's prcfencc, thniiqh making 
part of a drpuM.ion that hrid the 
ianiUon of h.s le ive fcr its prriec- 
tion, and whrie fituacion fccmt'd 
ihe more dt-p'orable, as ihcir fjte 
was unk'^own, was now luipriz^d 
by the intrufion of the Count de 
Gayon, a Mr^jor Gencr.-il, who 
brought the king's letters patent 
for them to r^gilicr, and an ordLT 
to erafc their o»vn arrets. Though 
the parlia i cnt declared they could 
not deliberate in his prclcnce, he 
notwithllaiiding refnfed to with- 
draw, upon which all the members 
quitted the houfc, except the firll 
Prefidcnt, Sulitiior General, and 
Rcgifter, to whom he produced let- 
ters de cachet, and who were ac- 
cordingly olvigcd to aucnd him till 
one in the morning, at which time 
the buiincrs wa5 fini(hed. The par- 
liaiiejiit hovvevcr ifl'ueJ a very "ftrong 
protcll againft this a^ft of power, 
which they (hewed in the highell 
degree to be arbitrary and illegal, 
and declared i: to be null and void 
in every part. 

At Metz, Marflial d'Armentieres 
entered the parliamtrnt-houre, af 
tnc head of eight companies of gre- 
nadiers, and after tearing to pieces 
an arret of thers, baiiihed fev;rral 
of their members toViz)iil. And 
at Defanj^n, the parliament having 






of the monarch, without rej^ard to 
thefc violences, with its ulaal ipi- 
rit, prepared a very flrong remoa- 
flrance ; a:id in confrquence of iti 
breaking up, charet'd the coort of 
va^'ation wi:h its d^' livery ; as well 
as with the ufmg all poflible mcaoi 
to further its intention. Thecouft 
ofafds in Paris did the fame, aod 
prt-fentfd it. but the king relufed 
to he'ir or accept it. This remoa- 
ilrance was v^ritten with great ener- 
gy, and, to the amazement as well 
as anger ofthe Court, was printed 
andpublilhed the next djy, 

in the mean time an arret ofthe 
king's council of (late was iOhed, 
to annul the refolutions of the par- 
liament of Bourdeaux againft the 
Duke d'Aiguilion. In this arret/ 
among ieveral others, the fbltoHH 
ing are laid down as maxims not 19 
be controverted, " That the whole 
adminiftratioti ofthe public power, 
refides in the king's perfon atooc» 
and that he is acciiuntable for tbit 
adminiAration to God only ; thsc 
it is from him nlonc that the mt- 
gillrates hold their power ; thactbcf 
are, and can be nothing moretbis 
the ofhcers of his majclty, charged 
with the execution oH his will} ti^U 
if for the good of his people, lie 
grants them leave to reprefent W 
him what they think conducive \0 
his fervicc, and advantageous rohis 
fuhjei^b, it is tiicir dutv to do it 
onlv with the refpett due to hi* 
facrcd perfon. That it is neve' 



committed the King's attorney there allowed to oppofe the cxecuiionrf 
into confinement, Marflial deLorges his- orders, but only to m^ke the 



went at tl.e head of a detachment, 
firced open the prifon, and fet the 
aitrjrncy at liberty. 

The parliuaicnt of Roaen, which 



molt reipec^tul reprcfentacions ; sod 
that when his majelly does not think 
proper to conile Ice nd, obedience!^ 

a duty impofed by all the Javfr 

tbaC 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[53 



niajclly it fole legiflator in 
^on, iadrpeodenc and un- 
; t'nm he alone bftt a right 
ag the aDticnc Uwi in »e- 
Ot ifilrrpreiing them, of 
nc tbem, and or making 

e difpuies between the king 
parliamt ni of Paris, enier- 
theenfuing year, in which 
r« fiully ttrmiaated, by the 
lIb!o:iua of the latter, aad 
bliOiment of a new and ex- 
lary tribunal ia iti room, we 
erefore defer our accoant of 
clolion of ttaem. till it ap~ 
I iu proper place, in our 
Igme. B/ that time, fome 
:-Dfequenccs of the cxtraor- 
meafure* purfncd by the 
iiy poSibly begin to appear, 
V liglitt be proba'uly thioivn 
le caufc! tn^E ltd to ihefe 
:»: at any la.e, v/e may then 
lore accurate accounti than 
obtained at preftnt. 
ng thefc tranl^di^r.j the 
n w>< in.a (late of incgrcat- 
ratisUCt'.on and confulion ; 
Otwiihltanding the Ilrong 
of government in th:it coun- 
iiiiie *at prudence able to 
pubiic dikonient, that the 
and other ftaie prifonl were 
ith unhappy offenJcri, The 
I'm and h:roic tirmncrs of the 
enu. iviio, at llic expencc of 
and pcrronal liifety, pcrfe- 
o the Uli in defence of the 
d conlUtution cf their couii- 
Idtrd all mankind to tbe.n, 
ryurdiT, from the prii);c<>r 
.1 to ihf peui':iiit \vii on :heir 
died irweconliJertheu-m- 

i^cciied, thaL ii;.' tiling hot 



that courtry, could hare hitherto 
prevented the nioft extraordinary 
conlcquencet from taking place. 
How long thii difiruJiive power 

may continue to defolate the coun- 
try, or whether, ai has frequently 
been the cafe, it may ac length faU 
by itt own enormous weight, mitft 
be Iffi to time to diftlofe. 

We have already takeri notice of 
the fcarcicy of proi'ifioDi which pre- 
vailed this year in France. Tho 
dillreflet of the pcnp!e were fa ex- 
celSve, that it is faid 4000 perfoni 
perifhed by famine in Limoiin and 
the Marche only; and in Norman- 
dy, the moll fruitful province of 
France, barley bread fuld at above 
t*o-pen;e a pound. Thii mifery 
produced namberlcfs rioti and in- 
f rr-'ftions in different parts, in 
which much mifchief was dune, 
and many lives loft. The porti 
wereopened, and liberty giren to 
foreigners as well as nativei, to im- 
parl corn, to (lore it, and to export 
It wlienercr they pleafed upon pay- 
ing the cullomary duties, without 
any retrofpefl as to the pHce for 
u'hich it might have been fold at 
any time duiing iti continuance in 
i)Le porta. Upon the whole, ibii 
c;un;ry ii at prefent far fron be- 
ing in an enviable licuatJon with 
rifprd to ill dominie affiirs ; nar 
could a ftronger inftance perhaps 
bt given of itj inicmal ill covcrn- 
mrni, than ihii Cnce the death of 
King StanifljLiis, n-^twiihUanding 
every means b^ing ufed to prevent 
it, abnve loco families, it i* corn- 
have cmigiaiedlrom the citv 



IlCii haiul liai fo i< 






of K.ir 
I..:-. 



["]: 



. lo 
:. fl.,.ir;:7iin 



be called a conqucft, 
wherq 



54] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



where the people arc upon every 
occafion in a Itate of defiance, as 
ibon as the weaknefs of the invader, 
or the nature of the country, admits 
the fmalled hope of fuccefs ; where 
the French are afraid lo (lir without 
their walls for fear of being maifa- 
cred ; and where the governor was 
this rummer obliged to make a kind 
of campaign at the head of 5000 
men, to redrain the fury of the fup- 
pofed fubjcfls. Indeed the Count 
de Marbeuf gained no great honour 
by this kind of campaign ; a great 
many examples of cruelty, and a 
few perhaps of juftice, were made. 
'I he real infurgents fled to their 
native and inacceflible failnefles ; 
they had no intention of engaging 
(he French in the field, and they 
knew they would not follow them. 
As there was' no doubt bat their 
friends and countrymen, who dwelt 
in more expofed places, held acor- 
refpondence ivith them, and would 
aid and afiift them, when it cou]4 
be done with fafety, it was thought 
ncLelTary to ftrike a terror by nu- 
merous executions. A number of 
thcfe poor people have alio been 
fcnt in chains to i-rancc, from 
whence they are to be tranfported 
to the Weil-Indies ; in this the 
P'rcnch feem to have adopted the 
Eafiern policy, of fccuriag the 
conqueft by removing the inhabi- 
tants to diitant p.uts of the uorld. 

The French, however, from the 
heat of the weather and the unheal- 
liiincrs of the country, have paid 
acar for this fumnier expeditioii ; 
stnd i'. wou'd fct m, that while the 
prefent ii.vincibicavcrfi'jn of the na- 
tives to ihtir j»(.'Vt rnmcnt continues, 
it canno: ccPi tlum ! (<«, unleis thev 
totally extcrmina e them, than 18, 
or 20 battalions to keep poiTellion 
of (he iHand. At an ;k([cmh\y of 



the dates convened this year by tbe 
Count de Marbeuf, the foUamng 
are faid to have been their demaads* 
«« That France (ball have the fa- 
preme dominion of the kingdom of 
Corfica; but that the govamncat 
(hall be republican ; that the pab> 
lie employments, churchei, and 
benefices, (hall be at the difpoial 
of the CorAcans ; that the peopit 
(hall have a Speaker, to oelivcr 
whatever they may have to lay be- 
fore the kine ; that all public mBm 
(hall be in the Italian langoaee; 
and that they (hall retain the privi- 
leges of fait, and of the mint.*^ 

A fmall fquadron which wu feat 
from France to bring the Taniibnt 
to reafon, facceeded much better ia 1 
that enterprise, than the Danes did I 
in theirs againd Algiers. It appears 
that regency had concluded a ireatf 
with the CorficanSf while they wtit 
yet a free people, and feem never 
to have approved of the invafionflf 
that illand : (ince the conqoed of 
it, theff took all Corfican barks that 
they met under French colours, and 
made (laves of the crews : they al(b 
drove the French African company 
from a valuable coral fiftiery, which 
they pode(rcd on their coadi. When 
the Freuch fquadron, which coo- 
(ided only of two (hips of the line* 
together with fomc frigates, bombs, 
and Malteze gallies, appeared be- 
fore I'unis, their demands were b 
high, being 8oo,coo livres for the 
expence of the expedition, and 
2co,coo for the lofs of the cor^l 
fifhcry, that the Bey equivocated 
for icme days without giving a 
dire£l anf.vcr. 

Mr. Broves, the French com- 
mander, did not however chufe to 
be triilcd with ; and after drawing 
the inhabitants of his nation out of 
the city, who i%cre fudercd to de- 

part 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [55 

th their eSefii, wlthoat the that violence that generally attenda 

sleftation, or the receiving the firft efforts of reformation, and 

1 iafult from tbc pc^nlace, which the Jefuits fo lately cxperi- 

Ibine Trigaies to cruize at the eoced in France, Spain and Portn- 

of the harbour, and failed gil, the Italian poweri feem ana- 

te reft of the fqaadroo to nimous in the genera] intention, of 

4 Biferta. Thii port, which reducing the ezorbicant power of 

w kingdom of Tunis, lies the clergy, contrafling their nnm- 

omilei north of the cipital, ben, and leffening their riches ; 

laili near the fite, and pro- they do this however with fach a 

at ^iherniniof iheancient degree, of moderation, and fo fttiA 

the French bombarded it a regirdtojuftice, as to refrainfnin 

gtMir, and threw in between all a&i of inhnmanicy, and from 

300 bombs ; fome galliot) the rain of helplefs and anfortanata 

Hirat, and fome other mif- individual*. By this means the re* 

(me, hot not very confidera- formation will be effedoally, and al* 

'rom thence they proceeded moll imperceptibly brought about t 

, and fome other places on with ihe greateft advantage to tha 

I i but as the dcGgn of tbe flate, and with lefs clamour or dif- 



n was only to obtain faiii 
and fccurity for the future. 
Bey wai averfe to war, mat- 
Tt caGly compronifed. 
vit accordingly concluded, 
incipal articles of which, 
he reftoration of tbe Corfi- 
!i with (heir tWdkn, a 



The prefent Pope, by his mode- 
ration, good fenfe, and the pecu- 
liar bappinefs of his temper, has 
conciliated all thofe powers, who 
'ere To adverfe to the court of Rome 
n the time of his predeceflbr. By 
his means, enmity has died away, 
Igmentof that illand's being good bomoar taken place, and he 
property of France, and the will owe to kindnefs, what his pre- 
Ihery to be again put upon deceflbr loll, by a rigid, and per- 
ler footing. haps harlh perfeverapce, in defenca 

. which has been fo often of what he deemed his rights. The 
atre of war, now happily breach with Portugal, which feem- 
lU the bleflings of peaccand ed irrepaAble, is already made up. 
An advantage which i; rtot and a papal nuncio received at that 
her, as the different Hates court; France, bas almofl religned 
) vie, in improving their Avignon, and the territories feiaed, 
■ increafing their commerce, and claims made by the king of 
rilhing thole arts that pro- Naples, will probably fallow, 
pertain to peace. Without 



tO] + 



56] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



CHAP. VII. 

State of tiffairs previous to the meeting of parliament. Gineral difconteti 
upon the deteitnination on the Mnidlejex eleeiiom, Addrejfes : Petitions the 
coufequtnce of the addrejfes. Parliament meets. Speech from the throm. 
Debates. Amendment prcpofed to the addrefs ; Affair of the petitions^ 
nj.olently agitated: Amendment njeSed. Refi^nations. Motion tending 
to define the jurifdiilion, in cafes of contefted eleQion \ anundmini to 
the motion. Motion in the H&ufe of Lords. Frotefi. 



TH E general difcontcnt ex- 
ciicd by the proceedings on 
the Middic'fX t'ledlion, pariicu- 
Jarly by the final deciiion, given 
upon ihp petition prefented by fome 
irceh«'lders of that county, at the 
clofe ot t:.e lafl i'ciTion of p.irlia- 
iTicnt, did not at all fubfide 
duriiig the rummer On iho con- 
trary, the rcmotcfl counties caught 
the alarm* and the body of frec- 
holJcrs, in general^ throughout the 
kngdom, thought ihcmlclves 
mounded in the mod vital part. 
It is, however, to he doubted, 
whether ihcy would {q fcon have 
adopted the niethod of expref- 
iing their feelings by petitions to 
the throne, if it had not been for 
fjiPiC T/ell- meant, thGUf;h probably 
not wed-judgcd meaTures, that were 
taken fome time previous to the 
uliimate decifion on the Right of 
Eltdion. 

/^Jdrefles from great bodies or 
communities, that give a plaudit 
to the public m:'.n^genicnt and con- 
dud ot atr'oirs, r.iull be verv flae- 
tering to Hi! min.lli'rs. They have 
)"rcqiicni!y dclir^d thrm, uhtn any 
ciiihcuh copiurCturc in aifair^, fo- 
reign or ooincitic, has made it 
iieceiFary, ro i.tke along wi;h them 
the coluclivc I'cnlc of the people. 
s\\ tbij particular time« when 



public difccntents ran higher, and 
public meafures were more freely 
and ioudly cenfured, than at any 
other late period, fuch teflimoflies 
of popular approbation, if they 
could be pretty generally obtainedt 
would not only have been pleafing. 
but highly uleful. Tbcy wcokl 
have made it appear, at a time when 
a que (lion of the mod delicate and 
important nature was on the pmat 
of being agitated, that fuch cea^ 
fure> were groundlels, and pro- 
ceeded either from interefted viewsp 
or the pnrticular animofity of a 
few ; while the meafures on which 
they ^ere founded, were well re- 
ceived, and Tatistadory to the na* 
tion at large. 

Upon this principle, ^leafures 
were taken at the fprfng ailiases, 
to feel the temper of the counties ; 
and as addrcfles, in their general 
acceptation, are confidered as lit* 
tie more than matters ot* compli- 
ment and good humour, and that 
the Judges. Lieutenants of the coun- 
ties, and ShenfFi!, have great influ- 
ence at thete meetings, it was not 
doubted but a confiderable number, 
if not .1 in.;iority, might have been 
induced lo prcMcnt (horn ; e.pecially 
as m' derate men, even when ^ar 
from being faiufied wih the mea- 
I'urci of govcromcot, ^ill ieldom 

hazAt^ 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [57 

E refaU. which, however metropolii, in wkicfa ibe party of 

. the party thu happen the court wat extremely w»k. Th« 

be warm in outwxrd pro- maoner in which [hi* addrcli wai 

>f loyalty, will always ct«- Aid to hare been obtained, and 

*a ioOance of diftfiedion. the riot that esCucd upon the de- 
er pmbability appeared livery of it, oar reader will fee ia 
(deaf thefe realbnt ia fpe- the Chronicle, and' its Appendix 
. the defign aafwered btn ior the Ibriner year. 

ntly, when it cane to be The fpirit of addreffing cogU 

into executioa I and if ibe be carried no further i a England, 

mid have been perceived in It was invidiouily oblcived, that 

y remotely trying the pub- Scotland wai much moie ready ui 

afiiion, which duei not ap- eaprcffing the motl peHt& f«iia- 

npoSble, it w.:uld feem faclion in the condaft and cha- 

Mre prudent Id have laid nOer of the minifters. AddreSittt 

ifnre totally by fbr the pre- which filled the Gazette for fevcral 

an by an obfti'-ate perfe- weeks cane from every town, ant 

. to fhew a weaknel'i which from almoA every village in that 

have been otherwife un- p^rt of the kingdom. 

or which at leaft mad hare The flyle of many of thefe ei- 

ed a matter of doobt. dreflei wm not altogether proper: 

, £ent, Surry, and Salop, they were unnecclTarily overloadel 

e only coaatiet froni which with profelHoii* of loyalty, which 

Ireflei were obtained. The are needlelily repeated, except in 

ment ufed to get foire, cafes of great doubt, or real d«a- 

f this imall nuinber, in a ger, wh^n they carry moch ihe 

Egrre fruilrated the end chat most weight tor not being in com- 

ip-'led ; management, in a mon ufe. By rcprtfenting the peo- 

couoty, peHupt neteOary, pie 10 be in little iefs than aflate 

lich, in a twpular caufe, of rebellion, they threw an obb 

lave been eaCly overlooked, liqat, and aUrming impouiion 

liverhiie* addrefled on ttiii upon a conliderable part of tha 

L A con&derable oppofi- nuiion. It teemed to many, that 

J made to the mea<ure at they were calieJ upon to juAiiy 

; at Cambridge, the in- their dilcoitKni, by Ihewing. in 

>t the Duke ot Gratton, fomc Bianner equally Itrong and 

it with left difficulty. The public, that their oppofmon to 

•f Briftol and Co-entry, and the court wa; not taken upon fille 

poration of Liverpool, with or trivial ground, Tt.c final de- 

oth:r places of left note, cifion of the .V.idltcirx Eleaion, 

;d addrelTes. An addreii whilll tie natio:^ wat in a lerment 

1 prefenttd, which purport- from other g>iu«';, furitilhcd n 
be tiDtn t!ie MErcha,ii<, favourable oppon.i' i:y. 

d Traders, and lnh:ibi:3ii» I'etitioni were therefore fet on 

City ot LonJjn. w.u in- foot, in many pljcts ior the re- 

:o contradict the reiiiiinenis, dreis of gnew^Ticei. !■ r the re- 

interacl tlie proceedings of moval of bad minil.^is, and for the 

,Oiaie body of ibii great baoilhaicnt Iron liie ri^yal p.rc- 

Icnce 



58] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

fence for ever, of thofe evil coun* that the imprudent matter or ei» 

fellors, who, the petitioneis af- prefTions of any petition, formei 

ferced, had endeavoured to alien- no objeflion to the meafure itkUL 

ate the affedlions of the fubje^s> That if the right of eledion wi 

and to deprive them of their dear- important, the violation was ift* 

€f\ and rood eiTentiai rights. The grant ; and no remedy was to bt 

County of Middlcfex, as the mod expedled for that flagrant vjola- 

im mediately afFeded, took the lead tion of an important right, froai 

upon this occafion, and prcfcnted the very body which had been ' 

a petition, which, it was generally gailty of the violation. Thecfoim 

thought, would have had greater could not, indeed, rtfdnd the aft 

force, if it had not been clogged of the Honfe of Commons ; boc 

with a verbofe and tedious detail the crown could fend thnt Hode 

f>f all the real and fuppofcd of Commons to their conftitnenu; 

grievances that had been com- and thefe might chnfe a Hoafe 

plained of for the laft fix or feven difpofed to redrefs the grievance 

years. complained of. In this maBBCf 

The City of London fucceeded the crown might adminiller a ft* 

to the County of Middlefex : This medy ; the legality of an appHci* 

petition was pretty nearly in the tion for it could not be denied, 

fame ftrain with the former. AU fince the Houfe of Commons hid, 

though the dtfcontent fpread fail by exprefs refolution, admitted a , 

and widely, and was even ilronger right in the fnbjed to petition the 

in fome remote places than in the crown for the diflblving, at weQis 

neighbourhood of the metropolis, the calling and fitting of parlii* 

the courfe of petitioning feemed ments. 

for fome time to be at a ftand ; Thefe arguments prevailed ift 

feveral donbts arofe in the minds, about feventeen counties, and fe- 

cven of thofe who were mod ani- veral cities and boroughs. TU 

mated ngainft the condud of the petitions were faid to be figncd hj 

sniniftry ; iome qucfiioned the le- upwards of 60,000 of the eleAors« 

gality of a petition to the crown Some of the petitions were piin- 

a^ainft a decifion of the Houfe of cipally confined to the violaicd 

Commons in matter of eledHon, right of eledlion, others were mote 

and did not fee, though the com- dimife ; York (hire, Weftminlter, 

plaint were legal, how it was in and fome others, prayed in ez- 

the power of the crown to give prefs terms for a diifolution of par- 

redrefs ; others were difguAed with liament ; fome only infinnated it ; 

the pattern of the firll petitions, while a good many prefcribed no 
i»hich were £lled with u variety of particular mode of redrefs. 
matters, fome of which they con- Such was the lUte of affairs 

fidered cither as Hale or frivolous, previous to the meeting of parlia- 

or doubtful. ment. The nation had been in 

'J'hefe difficulties were removed a great ferment during the whole 
in feveral placei by the a^tivi'y of fuinmer— -the like had fcarcelf 
tiic oppofiiion, who, it mud be been ever remembered. Many Aft 
C'\r.cd, everted very greit power::, friends of adminillration having 
vviihcc^ual induilry. They av^ued;. ioundj that, whether from the na- 

tnrt 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [J9 

A/eaBt, or the dexterity of might ooBQanallj keep alin th«t 

■frnUrirw. ihm pmrrr nf Hr EUlier ofconplunt. Befi<lc*tiflfa« 

iwoptitiei in the Hoaf« MqtSct were fnftred to pmceed in 

■von*, wu axmatlf ud thii method, of remoabatiKg to 

illy BopofnUr, tbon^t it tbe cnwB in their AateriJ apuitf, 

be wife to giTC W4y lo the not only wiihont bat agiintt their 

di^ofi'.ion, and that it reprricDtativei ; a majority in par* 

be no diTgnce to relcind liuKOt woold become ineCcand 

fefioa, their own rcfdatioa to the fapport of goremment ; 

her 1 thai they mold thereby and fo no miniftiy (sold bo &fc. 

■tcly remove that fatid except ia courting the popular 

•f .AfeoDtcnt, the Middle- opinion, to the mamfeft detnmeur 

i6ioa, let what would elfe of the lerrice of the bveragn. 

bdiiod 1 aod prereot ite They woald therefore htwt ttwCi 

■ay longer a matter fcri- pctitiou eonfidered «i adi little 

[arming to iho moft mode- leli than trealbiiable, and to bo 

id dirpaSoaate part of the examined aod pnoiflied ai crimci 

while it waj nied a» a of the gnateft m^nitode. 
b* the torbnlent and ambi- Tbe mindi of ^1 men were oc" 
>f brugiDg thcfflfelvea into cnj^ed on the one fide aod the 
wncc. other with thefe coofiderationt, 
he Other hand, fercral of the and great expedaiioat were form- 
er^ cried oat for meafarei ed coDceraing the manner in which 
Tity. Tbe authority of Par- thefe great painta would 
: had been trampled upon, be handled in the fpeech Jaa> 9th. 
■ ' ■' had been lafulted on from tbe throne. Tha 
jme, by ptoceeding* at oace fpeech began, liy taking notice oFa 
tS abfard and pro'ohing: diOempcr that had broke out 
t petition*. A diflblution among the homed cattle j touched 
lament was debred ftom the on| iMne topici conceroing foreign 

aad 00 what groand t be- a&irt, and the dillraetioni of 

mt parliament bad complied America, and concluded widt the 

c miniAen. whom tbe Kine nfual recommcndationi to ueani- 

* had appointed. How could mity. No notice whatfoever waa 

left to oe obeyed in thofe taken of the great domeftic aiove- 

critical cmergenciea, that meoti, wbich had brought on, or 

eceflarily occur in any plan followed tbe petitioni. 
randizing the crown i uhen Tbe public were much fnrprixed 

inifters who formed fach at the filence concerning the peti* 

were given up, and the tioni, and at the folemn mention 

who had afted under their of the homed cilile, wbich filled 

.-e wa« dillblved i To (up- the place of that important bnfl- 

le minillcrs eft'edually, it ncf*. It became even a fubjeQ 

:only nece(r>ry to aJherc to of too general ridicule, efpecially 

read meafure io ihe Mid- at the exiftence of the difltmper, 

Ele^iou, aa a perpetual or at leaft the extent or danger. 

policy ; but to puniih the did not difpofc the pct^le to mere 

enen, «bo, Qiherwife, fcrious thought}. 

4 TbB 



6ol ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



The oppofition, however, did 
not copy the referve of the ipccch. 
L'pon reading the addrefs^ a mo- 
tion was made for the following 
ainendmenc, to afTure his Majcdy, 
that they would immediately en- 
quire into the caufcs of the dif- 
contents that prevail in every part 
of h\b Majefty's dominions. This 
irotioo occafioned long debates, 
uhich were carried on with a 
warmth and acrimony of exprcilion, 
before unknown in that aflembly, 
and in the courfe of which, the 
ftverel^ animadveriions were made 
upon different parts of the fpeech. 

The affair of the petitions was 
▼•rlently agitated, and while on 
one dde, the grievances and dif- 
cor.tents cf the people, were urg- 
ed as the ftrixigell rcafons for the 
propofed amendment, fome of the 
geiitUmeQ on the other fide» 
c^wTted the exi Hence of either 
grievances or difcontents: another 
more moderate and fmaller part 
ct thofe who fopporied admini- 
fr.ttion, did not deny but there 
nii,c;ht be fome grievances, though 
iM'Ch exaggerated ; thvy acknow- 
It-dgcd the difcon:ents, and they 
cieclared themfeives willing to con- 
fjvirr them at a ptoper time, as 
VI ell as to re-confidcr the Middle- 
Ilx afF.:ir, though they were Ail! 
ot cpiQioii that tney had adled 
Fi^rht in it, upon the principles of 
the Isw as it Itood uhcn tbev made 
the decifion ; thcfe principles, they 
iiiourd, might bear hard on the 
lights of the cudor^, efpecinlly in 
f nrlian-vnis ^.ontinued bcyood the 
ir{iu n ; intry la*. J tney were wiiling 
to liiien to metlx)ds of ledrcls 
if^l)ti!y pr(-pc»rt.-dy ai.J nt a time of 
Itiii.r' : but ihcy cl)jc6tcd to the 
f^ou .!> as it would be to criminate 



themfeives ; to alFure his Majeflyi i 
that by an abufe of power^ they 
had been the caufe of all the pre- 
vailing difcontents, and in effetl to 
join in a prayer for their own dif* 
folution. 

The far greater nomber, how* 
ever, on this fide of the quefttoot 
admitting the difcontents. entirely 
charged them, as well as the pe- 
titions, to the gentlemen in oppofi* 
tion, through whofe influence aid 
induftry, the people were perfnaded 
to imagine the one and to fign the 
other; while the only caufe lor 
either, was the ill will of their 
leaders to ad mi nitration. They 
cbferved, that the majority of 
gentlemen of large fbrtUDea> pf 
the judices of peace, and of tho 
clergy, in fome of the couiitiei» 
had not figned the petitions ) that 
a majority of the counties had not 
petitioned; that the inferior free- 
holders, were not capable of an* 
derllanding what they figned; 
that the farmers and weavers in 
Yorkihire and Cumberland, conU 
neither know, nnr take any in- 
tereil in what beiel the freeholders 
of Middlefex, if ihey had not been 
fet on by feditious and fadiooi 
men, by grievance-hunters and 
petit ion- mongers ; that by thefo 
pecple, meetings were advertife<t» 
ipcccbes made, writings publilhed» 
government vilified, the parlia- 
mcnt abufcd, and the people in- 
fiamtd ; that all this was done only 
to diltrefs government ; but thac 
if even a majority of fuch free* 
holders had figned petitions, 
without any inducnce or folicita« 
ti;)n, thty were only to be confi- 
dcrcil ail ihe ads cf a rabble, and 
o\ an ignorant multitude, incapable 
cf judging. 




HISTORY OF, EUROPE.- lit 

wa> Urn liDgaage, befulei other method people coiaBitMicatc 

tpprobnoa* epiibcu, tbat th;:ir fcaumeottF It wai obfer*ed( 

««D wirer not to oTe, drawn that it had been inGDuaied. that 

the violcDce of putyt and our grievaneei are imagioiry, be- 

aod eagerneli of debate, caufe they are fuch at ibe peafaats 

cliargM drew from the or artilicert of DcvonOitrc anl 

en in oppoGtion, a fpirited Yorkfhire would not imntdiacclf 

of the part thef had taken feel, nor perhipt difcover till thcf 

rd to tlie petiiiont, and of felt. But if thofe who f>.-e op- 

tiaenu which thejr deli- preffioa in itj di(taat, thoo^h cer-' 

to their conltitueati : they tain approach t if tbofe who tee thv 

ed that ihcy were bound rnbvcr&on of liberty in its cadJe. 

cr to their conlUtuents an are alwayi few, doei il follow that 

of tbeir .coadnQ in par- there are never approacbei to op-' 

, to give them their advice preffion, or remote caufei of the 

IflioB, when aikcd, in any fubverGi» of liberty I If the feir 

kai related to their interefb, who can and do diicover e^fb w 

pre them the earlieA notice their caufes, open the cyei of 

Kwafurei that were fubver- otheri ; if thofe who fee the right* 

their righti, or dangerooi of eleAion invaded in MiddleCcj^ 

CMflitotion. That tn the acquunt the gracier* and cloath- 

nraacct they did not hunt ien, in remote countiu, with their 

ititioos or pedtionen ; the inierefi in the event, and iia con- 

eri (boght them ; for tbe feqaences, are they for that reaToa 

that titc unprecedented de- leaden of a fafUoo, and aSaated 

i the majority on the Mid- by perfonal and felfiOi viewi I 

cle&ion wai known, every As to the majority of geatlemsm 

dent freeholder in the of large forcuae, nnt having fig ned 

n, wa* ftruck with the the petitioni, the Ixfl was difprovel 

arming apprehenfions. Se- in fome inHaoccs, in which it'hai 

.■ely acknowledged, tbatthey been alter ted j it was befidei ob- 

t the meetings of the free' ferved, that many gentlemen were 

, whenever they were in- much inBuenced; ih it the jnfticea 

ad liionght it their duty fo of peace were imat.-dtJicIy appoint- 

and to give them every ed by the crown ; and that no body 

SDance in their power to of men could b« und^r gieater in- 

a redrefs of the injury done iiuence than the clergy, yet chat 

I. In confequence of fame fom:: of thcfe even had limned (he 

threats that were thrown pe:itioiii. It wr, a&.-d if i;ic iiulk 

ibe other fide, they bcMly of the freeholders were of no ac- 

ibeir figniog the petitions, counc ; if their opinion was of do 

red [heir opponents co fu: weight; aud it wii :;fil>ied, that 

att in execniion. they -were that rcfpcAable body gf 

charges of meeting, and men, uho atone were luperior to 

. and fpeaking, which h^i nli nicnacr, all f.-ar, and all in- 

entioned by a great lawyer fluence. 

liAet method, were ridicu- it n'ns fa id, that the peutioning 

id it wu alked, in what countiv^, ciiias, and town), were. 



6a] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



in refpf A to opulence and number 
of inhabitants, far fuperior to thofe 
that had not petitioned : and that 
they contributed more to the land- 
tax, which was now a ted of free- 
hold property in this country, than 
the reft of the' united kingdom. 
That it was well known what fteps 
were taken in feveral other coun- 
ties to prevent their petitioning; 
that in fome they wanted leaders, 
others, great men, who were 
lafily influenced thcmfelves, had 
fuch power that no body dared to 
oppofe it ; that it was much in the 
iheriff's power to prevent or damp 
the meeting of a county, which 
power had been exerted upon fe- 
veral occafions ; and that where the 
difpofition appeared prevalent, 
haily meafures had been taken at 
ibme of the affixes to prevent the 
grand jury from deliberating as a 
body. 

But was it to be brought as a 
proof that there was no dilcontent, 
becaufe all the counties did not pe- 
tition i what muft that government 
be, again 11 which every member of 
the community lodges a com- 
plaint ? That, indeed, the prefent 
complaints, along with being more 
general, were marked with parti- 
cular circumftances, which fuffi- 
ciently dilllnguiftied them from all 
others, and Ihewed they were the 
general voice of the people, as 
well of thofe uho had cxprefleJ 
their fcntim<-nts publicly as of 
thofe who had not. That at other 
periods, and f me of the moft cri- 
tical in this country, petitions mi- 
litated againll petitions ; the whigs 
petitioning one thing, the tories 
againll it ; two parties always op- 
pofing one another ; biit in (he 
prefent inllance, neither the whole 
weight of power, nor the influence 



of the great, bad been able Co pro* 
duce one oppofite petitioa or ad- 
drefs from the time the firft wh 
delivered. Some gentlemen^ coming 
from counties that had not petitioii* 
ed, declared that evea tnere the 
difcontent was general. 

Many other matters, foreien and 
domellic, were brought on in the 
ccurfe of the debates of thii day ; 
the conduA obferved in regard CD 
the colonies, was particularly fera- 
tinized ; and the decifion oa the 
Middlefex Election was largely ee* 
tered into : both thefe will come ii 
courfe before our readers ia their 
proper place. Other matten were 
of a temporary nature* bat all 
ferved abundantly to vent that ill 
humour, which (o ftroogly predo- 
minated on both fides. 

The firft Lord of the Admirahf 
was called upon to declare, whe- 
ther France did not threaten a wir» 
becaufe fome conceflions were ic* 
fufed, which would have been de- 
rogatory to the honour of the 
Britifli flag, if complied with. To 
this it was anfwered. that a Freacb 
frigate, bearing a royal com* 
miffion, arrived, and caft anchor 
in the Downs, in the fame road 
where fome of his Majefty's (bipi 
then were, without paying the 
ufual falute. That the Lieuteoaat 
who commanded a floop of war of 
twenty guns, fent an oiHcer oa 
board to demand the cuftomary 
refpedl, which the Cnptain of the 
Fiench veiicl refufed : having, ai 
he faid, no orders to pay ir, and 
not being fufficiently informed of 
the right to demand it, he coald 
not, nor would not rifque the ho- 
nour of his nation in a point of 
fo great c^nfcqucnce. The Lieu- 
tenant returned for anfwer, that 
his pretended ignorance fliould aot 

exempt 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



ih 



him from paying that afl 
of obedience to the Bntifli flag, 
vMck his nation had ever paid to 
it m the narrow Teas, and with a 
frmnela» becoming the dignity of 
1 Bricifli officer, declared he would 
fink him if he obftinately refufed. 
The French Captain was peremp- 
tory, and the Lientenant drew up 
along fide of hit veflcl, and fired 
a flkot into her ; at the fame time 
he fmt the officer who had carried 
tte meflage, to tfarike the flag, which 
the French Capuin thought proper 
to fuffer to remainjn the fame fitua- 
lion dnrinj^ hb flay. 

That this was the nature of the 
preicot difpate ; the French Mini- 
try had complained of this adl ; but 
feemed by no means difpofed to 
carry things to extremities in fup- 
port of their denund of redrefs, as 
ikey feond no difpofition in our 
coirt to relax in the claim to that 
cereaonial of fubmiflion, the ex- 
a&ing of which was the occaiion 
of the difpnte. 

After long debates, the propofed 
amendment was rejeded by a great 
majority, and the addrefs pafl^ed in 
the nfoal form. The King ob- 
irnred in the anfwer to the Addrefs, 
*' That his intereft and thofe of his 
people muft ever be the fame ; and. 
that in pnrfoing fuch meafures as 
are moll 'conducive to their real 
kappinefs, they would give to him 
the rrueft and mod acceptable- tef- 
timony^ of their attachment to his 
peribn and government." 

Among other particulars that 
diftinguimed the debates of this day, 
the Marauis of Granby, command- 
cr in chief of the forces, made a 
public recantation of the opinion 
which he had formerly given on the 
Middlefex cleflion : he faid, that it 
•as for want of conii Jering the nice 



diflludion between cxpul/ion and 
incapacitation, that he had given 
his vote for the fitting cf a member, 
who was not returned, in the laft 
feilion of parliament: and that he 
(hould. always lament that vote as 
the greateil misfortune of his life. 
That he now faw he was in an error, 
and was not afhamed to make that 
public declaration of it, and to give 
his vote for the 'amendment. 
A few days after the , 
op'ining of the fcflion, a J**"* '7- 
great number of refignations took 
place ; Lord Camden refi'jned 
the Seals ; the Marquis of Gran- 
by, all his places, except the re- 
giment of blues ; the Duke of 
fieanfbrt, his place of Mafter 
of the Horfe to the Queen ; the 
Duke of Mancheiler, and Earl 
of Coventry, of Lords of the Bed- 
chamber; the Earl of Huntingdon* 
his place of Groom of the Stole ; 
and Mr. James Grenvillc, his of- 
fice of one of the Vice Treafurers 
of Ireland. Mr. Dunning, the Sol- 
licitor- General, alfo reiigned that 
employmont. 

The whole of adminiflration 
feemed to be falling to pieces. A 
violent panic prevailed ; but the 
court, refolute in its purpofe of 
governing by men who had no po- 
pular views or c nneiiUons, was de- 
termined to fight the battic, not- 
withllanJing this defcrtion of fo 
many of its principal commanders, 
Mr. Charles Yorkc, was with much 
<i' TiCultv ' rcv'.ilcJ uDon to accent 
i:\z Se:il5. lie died three days cf- 
tcr. uverv thin:; feemed to con- 
ipire againil the court. 

Sir John Cull, re- | 
figned his ctTice o* Speak- J*"" ^^' 
er ot I. he Hr.jfc of Commonc, 
through hii ill ftate of h.*i*tn, 
aTid \^4s fucccrdcd bv Sir Fiec- 

* 

Cher 



64] ANNUAL RE 

cber Norton. This Genclemaa 
was propofeH by the Minifter, who 
was i'uppofed to conduil the affairs 
of government in the Houfe of 
Commons, and another was pro- 
pofed by the Gentlemen in oppofi- 
tion ; this brought on, by a divi- 
£on, a new trial of the force on 
both (ides, in which however the 
former had a majority of near two 
to one* 
g , A few days a^tcr, to the 

general atljnilhment of the 
nation, the Dake of Gra'ton re- 
signed his ofTicc of firft Lmd of the 
Treat'ury, and was iucceeded by 
Lord North 9 who was already Chan- 
cel iof o' the F.xchcqucr. 

Various caufcs were afTigned, or 
ratlier iurmifcs formed, upon the mo*> 
lives of (his refignation. Some ima- 
ginei), that he h :d been ovrr ruicd 
on various cccntiMis in the cabinet, 
and did not chufe to make himfelf 
any longrr rcfponfible, for me;iiures 
uhich he did not entirely approve. 
Oti;crs a'.tributed it to the pure cf- 
fed^s I f fi-ar ; ihcv laid ihrtt a vio- 
lent oppcfiii n was fr^relren in boih 
llou(cs ; that th? murnier:: aiid di(- 
contents of the pcof^le were bcco:ne 
truly alarmii.g ; that impf achnients 
W£re talNi'J oi,anJ even i;iit.;tcnLJ; 
and concluilc'd that he hp.d not h:tr- 
dincts er.ou(>h to Hand the (lit/ck of 
ihele dificrci.t encounters. How- 
ever ihii niigiu be. the writers 
on the liJe of gcvcrnmcnt at 
1h.1t lime, at'.cr tlic r**; ca:-d 
j>r..irc'« which liiey had b».ll»"AvJ 
on hi.s pub'ic contiuct, p:tr:.(.u- 
Inily his firmn: d, u. vi fuddeaJy 
chan^^d their tone. anJ reproached 
him with a cowardly defrriion in 
the lime of danger. Hia Gr:icc 
ho vk ever publicly dcclarril, ihtt he 
wi'Uld lliil corti!>ue to lupporC the 
xnearurcb oi AoinluillraiioD ; a pIo- 



G I S T E R, 1770. 

mife which he pan£lually falfiUed 
upon every occauon. 

As the decifion on the Middlefex 
eledtion was the grievance, of all 
others, which the people principally 
complained of, and what apcarcd 
to the Gentlemen in oppofttkof 
as a mealure more dangerous to the 
conditution, than any that had been 
adopted for many years, fo it be* 
came during thii fcllion the princi* 
pal fubjed ot debate in b6;h iloufes* 
and was as well within, as out cf 
doors, the great objed of public 
attention. Though it was fooa 
found, that there was no profped 
of refcinding the former vote of ex- 
clufion, it was ftill thought that 
fomc concrfiion would have beta 
made to quiet the minds of the peo- 
ple ; and that whatever realoot 
might pariiculariy determine a per* 
fcvcrance in fupporc of that fingle 
a«^t ; as the principle on whictkit 
was founded, was (whether right or 
wiong) deemed fo alarming an in* 
vafion of the rights of the freehold- 
ers, it would be either efff dually 
guarded againU, or totally givca 
up for the tuture. 

i he rioufe having rcfol*^- • 

ed itfelf into a grand com- ^ 
mitice on the Hate of the nation, t 
motion was made. That in the ex* 
trcU'c of its juriididtion, it ought 
to jud^^e of ele(^ions by the law of 
the land, and by the cuilom aiKi 
( ra^ii e of parliament, which is part 
o* :h.t l.fv. Triis was underKood 
to be liie hading propofiiion to a 
llri''^ of re(olu;ions, that were to 
lead to a condemnation of the prto*' 
ciplc.4 of the determination in the 
Midv'.lcfex election. The manner 
ot ;'u:tipg thib bc;;inninjj was full of 
}Ki.;i lUtCii.iry l»wiil ; tiie queilion 
bti .g conducted by an experienced 
ai.d ubic ivlcmbcr, Mr. Dowdef- 

weU. 




ISTORY OF EUROPE. [«|» 

' traOi of ihe propo* «nd a mocion wt» made in the Oms 
denied, i monllroai commmee next day— Thai by ths 
; poiver would be if' lawof theUnd, aDd theknotvn law 
irliaoieat. If it wai and ciiflomt of parliFment, no dr- 
iller propofittoni re- fon, eligible by comioon righCt CU) 
the determination of be incapacitated by vole or relblu- 
aid follow, connefled tion of that houfe, but by sA of 

I perhaps rqgtlly hird parliament only. In tlie coaifpof 

If gni riJ offer the the debtees upon thii queflioni a 
prrviout queilion, it inoiion was ipade to i^journ the 
Mgain to tormeot them c-^mmittce ; but ihii proposal not 
bein^ fecondcd wai dropi ; other 
inatrer* were however called Dp 
which Utempted the debate, ant| 
it wa) paficd over wijboHt mging 
to a divifiun. 

Nor was the aSJir of the Mlddld- 
fex elcflion, lefa agitated in th« 
houfc of Loidt, where a great de- 
bate arofe upon it at the opening of 
or giving way to tne the fclHon. Upon this occ^fion, a 
whicK wii, tiut the great law Lord, as well as Iiigb of- 
di (hoj'd be added to ^cer of Aate, whcfe opiaioa had 
And that th • judg- been long witbed fbr> and nai helj 
houTe in the cafe of in much eftioiattoo by liie public. 
. was agreeabto to the pronounced it deciCvely againil the 
id, and fully anthoris- tneafures purfiicd upon that elcfUoa. 
ra£^ce of pirliarfitnt. 7^!* public dir>pprobation, be> 
latent uRi lotullyfuh- lides the great weight it carried, 
principles upon U'hich from the particular ciicunAauces of 
U founded, it was ac- ftaiion and charafter, wat tcndcrcij 
pofed with great vi- inorcefTcEliTe, ai leuft ontpf doorf, 
debates renewed with by the uncomni^ energy of the 
; till at length upon firms in which it wks dciivcnidi 
e nuii'bers buinj; 2i^ He declared, that be conlidered ^e 
queO.inii uith ihe a- deriiion upon that aliair, as a dired 

II cai^i'd ; and beir.g attack upon the firll principles of 
ito a pub'ic rerolutitin, (he confiitution ; and that if in t|M 
ecom: .1 full conlirma- judicial exeicifeof his office, be wa* 
;rra r detiiion on, the to pay any regard to thai, or 10 any 
!£:ion, it put a Gn.1l other fuch vote, pnlleJ inoppofiii- 
pes of thofi-, whs :!ill on to thcJtnownanJeAablilbed law* 



^ore. 


aft 


er admitting 


siied 


the 


neceJliiy of 


cbai 


rtfoldlion, which 


e might 


fuppofe that 


..-Aed 


oil 


its own afts : 


ived 


an 


amendment, 






put an end 


f thei 


:?' 


tr changing 



; the form<T detcrmi- 


af the land, he 0)0:11.-1 toolc upon 


liat fubjea wcuia have 


himfelf as a traitor to his truf!, and 


i. 


a) enemy to kii cuntty. 


lyopnn this quelli.^n. 


Tbii publicavowal of an opinioi, 


ccr fo great, a; it had 


fo contrary to the cocJuil. if i;oi 



ipon other occallont ; to the y\ 

1^1 



•66] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



confidered as t total defcQion, aod 
refentcd as a dcfertiun from that 
fide. It had however been preced- 
ed , on the Came day^ by a fimil^r 
declaration relative to the MidUle- 
fex bufinefi, on the part of the Earl 
of Chatham ; who now Teemed dif- 
pofed to recover, that almoft boand- 
Xeft popularity which he once pof- 
fefTedy and which, in confeqaence 
of a fabfeqoent condaA, he had in 
m great meafure loft We have be- 
fore feen, the oegleA and indiffer- 
ence with which this nobleman had 
been treated, by that adminiftrauoo^ 
which was generally fuppofed to 
liave owed Its exiftence to him ; and 
In con(e<)aence of which, and of 
his finding chat the line of public 
condud which he had laid down, was 
broken through, and his opinion 
continually over-ruled, he firft re- 
iured from public bufinefs, and, upon 
.an additional caufe of difguft, at 
iengtk tota^y re6gned. 

He now emerged from that re« 
tirementf which was but ill fuitcd, 
either so his habit of life or difpo- 
£tion, and feemed, in fpice of infir- 
Biity, to have recovered his former 
vigoor and fpirit. The iocapaci- 
cafing power afliimed by the Houfe 
of Commons, was loudly and total- 
ly condemned by bim, and the 
whole management in the affair of 
tho Middleiex eMtSoo, flrv^rely cen- 
fnred. The cenfures upon this fub- 
jcd, were not hovvevcr more hea- 
yrhy placed, than ihofe whiph he 
foon afterwards pafled, upon the 
general condud, meafures and riews 
of 'adminiftration, wliich he con- 
demned in the ttrongeft terms ; and 
has fince feakd his difapprobacion, 
by a conftmnt and aii form oppofitton 
to them. Such a defedion and oppo- 
litioa, in the prcfcnt touering and 
iti&joint^d ftaie of admMXiraiion^ 

9 



feemed to <^rry a moft thrcai 
afpe^ towards it: nor cooli 
minitiry periiaps have fabfift 
equal circomlUnceSj at aloM 
otner period* 

A motion was made feme 
after (bv a noble Marquis 
had lately prefided at the hi 
public affairs) limilar to that 
we have juft recited to have 
the fcibjed of debate in the 
houfe } the defign of which i 
procure a daclaratory reibl 
that the law of the land, ai 
eftabliihed cuftoms of parlii 
were the fole rule of determt 
in all cafes of eledion. 

Long debates enfued npo 

queftion, in the courfe ot * 

much of the (ame ground wa 

over on both fides, which w 

formerly fhcwn to have beea 

upon this fubje^ ; and the i 

was at length over-ruled by f 

majority. The oppoTers i 

queftion, having obumed thh 

of their ftreneth, were refol 

exert it to advaouge: and 

the fiime principle, that pn 

the amendment to the late i 

in the other houfe, determi 

pafs foch a refiUution* aa 

preclude all further attempu 

tame nature in this. A i 

was accordingly made late at 

That any relblution, dird 

indlredly impeaching a jud 

of the houfe of commons. 

matter H'hcre their jurifdi^ 

competent, $nal, and coo< 

would be a violation of the 

tjicional right of the con 

tends to maice a br^Ach betwt 

two houfe* of parliament, an 

to a general con fu Hon. 

Ihe aftoniQimei.t exciti 
the hardiiicfs that ventured ' 
meoii^cc of h eKiraordinai 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [67* 

J, fttmtA tor a time ro mfaforb been >lfe exercifcd by the otker 
be powen of oppofitipt). It apon critical occ«$oni, and for the 

aid. that tbii motioa included purpolk of whicli> the legidacure 

cadcr of tltair moft nndoabted, bid been divided low feparate 

, ■ cc eflkry, and facred righti t braachei, that Ehcjr might ooerats 

CMlcr a* tnJBfioui to the col- as mniual checlui and each tie re- 

C body of the people, to their flrained from exorbitance bjr tbf 

IcatvivM. and to the crown, interpafiiion of the oiben. 

waa to:all)' fnbverfive of the That thedtfcontenu of t)i^ pcQ. 

ntj nod dignii]F of thit hoafe. pie, which are alledged il a poiive 

tke furrendEr of ri^hti and hr t^ia d|eafure, ^rife from the ia- 

n, wbicb were not given for jnriet they hare received, and 

own particnlar advaouge, but flusuld be the ffirongeft reafon to 

ly n* a coaftiiuiional trull, to iodace the Peen, who are the be- 

■crcifcd for the bcaeflt of the redftary eaardiani gf tl(eir righti, 

Ic, and ibc prefervation of their to Ibew their conAant attention to 

and libeniei, would be an aA their wel&re, by a timely interpo. 

vacbery to the conBiintion. fltion in their (awouri t)ioi by tneir 

It would be in effeA a de^la- healing mediation, to |p*ke up thf 

I, ihsi if the H, of C. were unhappy differencpi between then f 

r of the greateft exorbitanciei, and tneir rep^C ''"(*() re* > and re- 

tD trample upon all the rigbti fiorp that hirmony and confidencf 

c people, and to fubvcK the ivhicb are aMblntely neceflary fbr 

B law of cleAion ; thaierenio the pnblic bappiaeff j^qd faJety. 

a critical emergency of the Tb#t by thit rdblodon, they not 

itoiion. the people are to de- only nrnfc to l^and by the people 

of any relief wbatlbever, from at preient, and rcDotiacc the power 

node of direA or indiiefi in- of doing it hereafter, even it they 

■emem of the Lordi. That were to Aiffiir tl^e oiofi grieVoni in- 

;b it i> generally true* that jnrict ; but they alb abdicate their 

tr kM& onght -lightly and ancient and nnquedlpited province 

vly to iatcrpofe, even an opi- and daiy of being the hceditary 

■pen laaiTeri which the con- council of the crown, rendering 

laa baa entrufled to the jurif- thentfelvM anable to give their ad- 

n of the other, it it no left vice in a point, in which of all 

(hat where, ^ndcr coloar of others, the crown may Aand rooft 

iciat proceeding, either boufe ia need of the wifdoin tad anihori- 

atci to itfelf the powers of the ty of that l^aufe. And that it wii 

: legiOaturr, and makes the at derMatory to tlfeir dignity, as 

wbicb it profeflei ip drdire, it wai contrary to ib«r daty and 

chcr not only may, but ought infereS, to make fuch a iorrender 

mn in own rights, and ihofe of thrir rigbti, wiihout at leafi the 

r people. That by the prcfent holding of a previoui conferencn 

ition, ihii conftitutional can- with the other; to difcDver whether 

wntild be given up, which they wero inclined to admit a corre- 

houle, at appeari by ancient fpondeni immunity from iDterp^fiti- 

itodern prcccdenti, bad alwiyi on on their p^ini, in mitiert withii) 

ed u>i CJierfiied] which had the jurifdiaioaoi the Peer*. 



•63] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

Great objeflions were made, to 
the time and manner of introduc- 
ing and condudling this qaeftion. 
That a rcTolution new in matter^ 
wide in extent, weighty ia intpor- 
tance, involved in law and parlia- 
mentary precedents, fbould be 
moved at midnight, after they were 
fpcnt with the fatigue of a former 
long debate ; that an adjournment 
of only two day 5, to enable the 
Lords to confult the journals on fo 
important a matter, ihould be re* 
fuled ; and that an immediate dl- 
vifion fhould be prcffed ; wcre^re- 
prcfentcd as proceedings altogether 
unparliamentary and unjull; by 
which every polfibility of debate is 
precluded, and all argument and 
fair difcuHion fupprefled. 

The principal (Irefs, in fupport 
of the motion, was laid upon the 
neceflity of prcferving a good un- 
derilanding between the two houies. 
This was inforced> by the licenti- 
oufnefs of the people, and the fc- 
ditious fpirit of the times. It was 
faid that in the prefent circum- 
llances, it particularly behoved all 
the legiflature, to draw together in 
the clolell manner ; as nothing lefs 
than their molt cordial and inti- 
mate union, could fupport legal 
governmcni, and prcv»::u the mad- 
nef^ of 'he people, from precipitat- 
ing rhemlclves into a (lateofanaicny 
and cun^ufion. 

The right of interference was 
called in queiUcn, or cienicd. It 
was faid, ihat it was unutual and 



irregular in cither hcuic ot parlia* 



ment to examine into the ju 

proceedings of the otlicr ; anc 

as thefe decifions cannot be < 

into queflion by appeal, the 

to be fubmitted to without ar 

amination el.'ewhere, of the 

ciples on which they are feu 

That in the prefent inflance, 

an interference would be a 

and mod alarming invafioo ( 

rights of the people, who ar 

jealous of their privileges to 

the Peers to meddle with t 

and that as the Peers are not 

allowed to loierpofe in the el 

of a fingle reprefenutivc, 

what colour of pretence car 

aiTumc a power of fitting in 

ment upon the whole body < 

prefcntatives^ and prooouncii 

the choice of every eledor i 

kingdom ? 

The qucftion being repe 
and eagerly called for, an en 
put to the debate by a divifioi 
the motion carried by aboi 
fame majority, that had rejeA 
former. Theie two queUion 
produdlive of two of the fit 
and moll remarkable proted 
we have met with, which wer 
ed by forty- two Lords. In i 
ot theie, the protelling Lords 
themielves to the public, th: 
will avail thentfelves, as fai 
them lies, of every right and 
power, with which the conft 
has armed them, for the good 
whok', in order to obtain t\i\ 
for the injured eledors of 
Britain. 



P^ 




tt^stORT OF EUROPE. [69» 



CHAP. vm. 



J»r ^AmlifytMg otWh ejlart •f- lit nvmai frtm intng fir ih 
i»m ^ MtaiStrt v/ farliamtnt .* ifpcfiliva la it ; tit WMiau MUr- 
L CimJiifl. ktfttJ tf fart »/iit lait rtvemut aa, fv imftfimg 
ts im tbt alaaiti: Jttty uftii tt» nnlieatd. A9 f«r rtgaJatiag ibt 
*Ji»gi M cMlmjirltd ehahiu. Lfiidaa nm'ojlrttmtt : grtmt dtbtatt i 
Wj,,.hi,M.jtfy. 

ITRING the fining of ^ ^amlifying the Inferior officers from 
cosmiuec oa tlie flate of returning memben to fit [here. 

tW Daiioot a mocioii Tlw danger ari6iig 5oin the infln- 

I. wa* made to briDj; in ence, muft be the fame in both 

a Bill) far difqaatifyiig cafe*. It wai declared, that the 

t oCceri of the revenue ftoa notion wai not made to diltreri or 

; for memben of parliament, weaken adrainiltraiioo i and thols 

geuleaien, who fupported who now fapponed iti faid they 

•orioot iet out by uewing would do the fame in t^ce u well 

itU produce of the Cuflonii as one They faid, that, the great 

Kife at the time of the revo- objeft of a minitler in this country, 

, together with the litile was not fo much the procuring of 

liUty that theo sppeared of the vbice within doors, as it was 

dKng to the prel'ent enor- to gain the confidence and opinion 

mount of fix millions ficr- of the people without ; thai he 

to this they attributed the may fhuffle on for a little time by 

ition of the ptriots of that the aid of a majority in his favour 

ho, if they hid forereen the there ; but if the majority of the 

liintioBal weight that mult people were againft him, he coold 

sen thrown into the fcale, oa never obtain power, with pcrms- 

; of the crowa, by the ap- nence and honour; he cou!d nei- 

ent of officeo far the col- ther be rel'peftable abroad, nor 

of 16 vaft arevenue, woald) ufeful at home. The prtipoTed 

Itdly, have taken proper meafote would, therefore, inftcad 

Icaoal meafnrcs to prevent of weakening adminiftration, give 

igeioDs influence, which it it the moft effeAive Hrength ; and 

FJrd, in the ele£t)0n of re- a majority in the tioule, would be a 

uiv« lor ibc people. pledge of a majority in the nation : If 

i> oUcrved, that the chief the miniller's mcafa res were good, 

in (he colleAion of thelie iheywould mcecwithamofteffei^tual 

1, had been difquaiified by fuppart; and if bad, no friend lo 

irli-.ment from litiiagin the his country could wilh that they 

4* Common); and that the were fupported at all. Noroiniiier, 

me imSota held for dif- that prulelTe) to have the public 
l^J 3 . goo* 



« 



♦yo] ANNUAL REGlSTEK, 1776. 

good in view, eta pretend, con* TOting for a nenber to fit tiMr» 
McBtly with fuch profefion» clut Many offices difqaalify for a feat 
any meifure tending to prodace a in parliament ; yet arc ibefe officii 
real reprefentation of the people, ibaght for with foch eameftodk 
can impede his defigns ; therefore, that memberi frequently even ff 
thofe who oppofe this motion* oot of parliament to obtain thca. 
«nuft profefs to adopt mcafures. Can it then be pretended chat k k 
ivhich a frte reprefentation vvoold vnjuft to feoarate th^ pofleffioB of a 
not apprOire. fianchilh from the poflcffoaofa 

(c was faid, that it became ab- plac^ f or, that a man who knov* 
folutely nece(Iary to take fome ihgly and Volnntarily aoceou a t 
sheafnres to quiet the minds of the pUce from which a franchife k 
people ; that there was no doubt, leparated, has a right to complaia 
but the proceedings of laft yt^» fbr not bringing hia franchife inta 
which had caufed fo much uneafi- place along with hiih. That tha 
ne(s throughout the nation, ware, influence of the crown, in the p«- 
by this time, fofficiently iegretted fent inftance, was (o glaring, that 
on both fidea of the hoofe ; and that it did not admit of a qoetioai 
a mearnre that led to an equal re- that there could be no infloencc k 
prefentatioo, was, in the prefent dangerous ; and that there wot { 
drcomftancet, peculiarly calevlat- many boroughs in which the 
ed to reftore quiet and ffood ha- oficers of the revenue had a vary 
moor amDng the peo^e ; but great (hare in the eledioaa; aal 
that, independent of trcry other it was too much to expeAj thai 
confideration { the influence of the they wonld follow their frot Ofi- 
crown upon the eledors in their nion, or their natural aScAksib 
choice of reprefentatives, had the againft the will of a miniftcry oa 
moft alarming and fatal tendency ; whom they were dependent kt 
and that if Charles the Firft had their daily bread. Mcmbeia 
had the fame power in his hands to eleded by cullom-houfe officerii 
■lanage and govern the boroughs, are therefore the representatives df 
he muft have fuccteded in his the minifter, not of the people | 
defign of enHaving the nation. and are reprefentatives that will 

Objedtions having been made to certainly adhere to the iatercif 
the diifranchi6ng of fo great a and obey the inftru^tiona of thdr 
numl>er of people, it wu anfwered* conftitnent. 
that it would not be the taking On the other (ide> it waa fiddp 
away of a franchife, it would only that the bill, which waa the objeft 
be a fufpenfion of it : let him that of the prefent motion» was wholly 
prefers his franchife to his place, nnneceflary. Ihat as tha law 
quit his place, and his franchife Hands at prefent, no perioA ta tha 
will return. Can it be pretended cuftoms, excife, or poft-ofice» en 
that officers will not be found for intermeddle by perniafion or diCi 
the cuUoms and excife, becanfe fuafion in the voting for rcpit» 
fuch officers are deprived of the fentatives in parliament, ondar 
franchife in quellion i The right very heavy penalties. The cmcliy 
of fitting in parliament, is at va* of depriving fo great a number oif 
laable a fraachife as the right of people of their franchiica, waa ex* 

patiatfd 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [71* 

mpoo I ditt it wu a notion was rtjeGtei by a very coa« 
Aas itqaired great con« fiderable majority. 
I, and that they were not We have feen laft year, that 
for foch a motion ; that upon the grant made for the dif- 
in its confeqaences to charge of the laree debt contraded 
c liberty of the fubjed, by the civil lift etlabiifhnicnt, a 
cku no roan coold tell where promife had been obtained from 
hilla of dilqnalif cation night ftop. admioiftration* that as it was too 
That bettdesy the motion iifelf late in the feflion to prepare the 
fccBcd to be irregoUr ; prior re- papers and accounts then required 
Uodoos llioald have been propo- for the inrpedion of the Uoufe* 
fed ia the committee, to warrant relative to the expences of that 
Ml a pr o cec diag, and to (hew its depanment, and the debts incui* 
apedkiKyf in the nature of heads red by it, they (hould, however^ 
tf a Im11» fo at that the matter be prepared and ready to be laid. 
and defign of it might hare been before it at the enfuing meeting. 
fidly aadcrllood ; boc as it ftood at Some of thefe papers being now 
frefimty the nodoo might perhaps before theHoufe, a motion 
cnend lo officers in the armv and was made for an account of 28tlu 
■avy; that no evidence had yet the civil liil expences, 
kcB broaght of the nndne influence from the 5 th of January, 1769, to 
if the crown; and that infinuations the 5 th of January, 1770. 
lid proofs were to be confidered It was faid, in fupport of this 
ai fierjr diierent matters. motion, that the civil lift revenue. 
Tile debates upon this occafion^ if mifapplied, inftead of maintain- 
as Jnd afoaUy been the cafe of late, ing the dignity of the crown, ferv. 



carried on with great warmth, ed only to oefiege it with parafites ; 

aid were branched out into a and in the place of promoting in- 

Btnbcr of other fnbjeds. Thofe dulby, or aru, to fubvert the free- 

diliagaiihed by the name of To- dom of the people. That though 

fiet« or Coontiy Gentlemen* who the funds allotted for this puroote, 

had bttn for icmie time regularly were fully adequate, not only to 

engaged in fiipport of adniaiflra- every nccefiary, but to everv libe- 

reproved for their oppo- ral expence, that was rcauifite to 



to this bill, as inconfiftent fupport the dignity of the regal 

with all their profeffions. it was charader: yet, neither the grear- 

afimed^ that the party had for- nefs of the fund, nor the known 

ncrlv brought i% and fnpported oeconomy of the prefent times, 

a bill of a finilar tendency, if not were fufHcient to prevent an enor- 

the rcrj famCt with that which mous debt from being contraded, 

Atf worn oppofed. On their part, and the people from being applied 

ihc^ reproached the Whigs with to for more money, at a time when 

takiog foch oieafaret as tended to all the thinking men in the king- 

pnblic conftifion* and that in dom were of opinion, that they had. 

fapportii^ thu niniflry they fun- granted too much already. 
porad govenimenc itielf : toe That neceflary expences, mud 

DCiDg at length potf the have been much more coi^dcrable 

[£]4 hi 



*72l ANi^UAL REGISTER, 1776. 



in the late rdgn, than at theprefcnt 
time ; that ilic Royal Family was 
til' n j:rovvn up, and confcquently 
ficn.'iriJed lar"<T allowances: the 
jcirncs to the coniinciit, however 
»*\)*cdi'jnt, were Ircqucni, and at all 
lini s txpofive ; and no body 
would prcicMid to fay, that magni- 
ficence u Jo IT t a< well underllooJ, 
and rrrliaps bciter fupportej than 
at prtfcnt; yet, the late King not 
cnSy lived v^nth'n the limits of the 
civ:l !::!, but left a fum of 
;. 70,060 1. at his deceafe, which 
rame to his prcfent Majefty, and 
had been wholly favcd from that 
rcvcr.uc. 

That as the people are now li- 
j.l le, fr.)m the laieiy cllabliihcd 
prcccdt'i,:, to be called upon fir 
every cccational deficiency in. the 
riv.l lift, it was therefore nccelTarv 
:o know the cxpenccs of the lall 
year, and in wnat manner the public 
money had been difpolcd. That 
h was neither intended nor wifhed, 
to limit the crown to a flipend in- 
ndoquite to its real dignity and 
;[;rtatner5. On the contrary, if it 
;ippe.irs upon enquiry, that the 



has been employed to deftroy tlie 
happincfs of the people ; it was 

their duty to remark with feverii/ 
upon fo fcandalous a niifapplica- 
ticn, and to prevent it» if pofiblei 
for the future. That if it has beei 
properly difpofed of, there can be 
no reafon to fear an enquiry into 
the manner, if improperly, it be- 
comes doubly a duty to make the 
diiVovery, bccaufe the honour of 
the crown is not only concern eci 
but what is of Aiil greater im- 
portance, the profperiiy of the na- 
tion. 

To this it was anfwered, th-t if 
an application had been now made, 
for an additional fum of money to 
make good any deficiency in the 
civil liil cilablifhment, an enqnir}' 
into the caufes of it, would be nt- 
tural and jufhfiable, and it would 
be but reaionable. that the mini- 
fter, in fuch a circumliance, (hoold 
give fatisfa£lion as to the exccfSf 
and fnew the reafons why the pro- 
vifion was not fufficient ; but, that 
until fuch a rcquifition u'as mzit% 
it would be untimely, improper, 
difreipeflful'to the crown, nnd un- 
inoncy has been expended in the jud to enter into any examination 



advar.ccment of ufeful arts, or t]>e 
encouragement of liberal fciences ; 
it it haj been given to relieve the 
v.anti of tiic truly neccffitous, or 
sp|.?lijd to rcw.ird the merits of the 



of the royal rxpenccs. That a 
certain fpecified fum of money is 
allotted annually for the fnppoitnf 
the civil lift, and that it is not 
even pretended, that while the ex- 



truly deUrvin;^, the promoters of pi*nccs are confined within 'he fti 
the enquiry, will be the firit to ad- pulatcd fum, there can be themi- 



inire and applaud, fuch n(>ble ads 
nf beiuvi^lcncr. and real magnifi- 
ceicv — Hut if', on the contrary, 
\\ h s Ih-.ti !i;\iHicd upon the pro- 
il i: has b:*cn fquandeicd 
th^le { arricides, wno arc 
K'.k;\:; the riiin of the unhappy 
iij'.. irv, ulio.ti grnerofjty poured 
\\ Wx\\\ fiT tiobier purpoJ\.s; if, 
Vkhile rw'fulting from the virtues, it 



f ;^.^-; 



nuteil pretence for fcrutinizing the 
dilburfcments. How then is it 
known, that there has been the 
fmallcll excefs in the courfe of the 
pafl year ? how is it known, that a 
fliilling of it has been improperly 
applied? or how is it even known, 
that there may not have been a 
confiderable faving made in the 
expenditures } 

That 




MiStORY OF EUROPE. [73* 



t the argament bronght on 
her fide, to prove the ce- 
of in enquiry, bcciufe « 
ram bad been voied Ull year 
ily a deficiency, had quite a 
nt effcA from what it wai 
id for ; that is it had been 
granted fredy, without any 
y, it wai a proof of fuch 
tnce in the Houfe, and of 
iog c"Dvinced, as well that 
emand wai reafonable, as 
le moQcy would have been 
ly applied, that it precluded 
motive tbai could be arged 
i enquiry at prelenc. 7'hat 
now become the papular 
of language, lo charge, or 
lie, every ill to be the eficfl 
rupiion, and to arraign the 
plci, or call in quellion the 
■.adtucy of the leprefenta- 
but thatt however the 
ing of thefe notions may 
- the purpofes of party, or 
rticular men, no perlb<i, in 
ber tenfcs, could imagine, 

he H of C 5 could 

ilty of a perfidy to its con- 
ts, or would wantonly Uvifli 
thofe tresl'ures to Jeftroy, 
are oo:orioulIy culleded to 
tc, the bappinefs of the peo- 

t upon the whole, as the 
\& is entirely the revenue of 
>i»n, the Ci-oivn hai a right to 
: of it at will. If fiiture ap- 
00s are made for additional 
■3, the expenditure may tuen 
mined with propriety. That 
are nine years acciTJnli now 
upon the table, ai^d the ac- 
now demanded, even if 
to be brought in, being 
rily made Uj>, not for a 
r C3V, but for an unufual 
could QOt poflibly be ready 



for iofpeOioii iliit felEoB' It wa« 
therefore hoped that the motion 
would be rejefted, and that all en- 
quiriei into the civil lift expeacea 
fhould be waved, till future aidi 
were applied for. 

The mioifter, who had beea 
called upon to pledge himfelf, that 
in his time, the expenditure of 
the crown fliould not exceed in 
income, refufed to engage abfo- 
lutely ; but proroifed, that he 
would advife the greatefi cecoDomjr 
to be ufed in every department, and 
that the difbaifemenii {hauld be fo 
cautiouHy attended to, ai not to 
exceed the ftated revenue, except 
where the utility of the excefi 
would be fo evident, as to make it 
certain of approbation. Thii 
motion of oppofition had the tatc 
of the reft. 

Nothing had yet been done in 
the atFairi of the coloDies; but a 
petition having been now prrfented 
by the American merchanti, felling 
forth the great lofTes they fuftained, 
and the latal effcAs of the late 
law), which, for the purpofe pf 
railing a revenue in the coloniei, 
had impofed duties upon gtxidi 
exported from Great Bri- 
tain thither ; the miniftry March 5, 
thojght it proper to bring 
in a bill, for tlie repeal of lb 
much of the lace afl, pafTed ia 
the feventh of his prefeni Majefty, 
ai related to the impofing o! a 
duty on paper, painters colours, 
and glafs ; the tax upon tea, which 
»ns laid on by the fame aft, being 
kiU to be conii'.ued. 

'I'iie motives ain;;rcd for the 
bringing in of thi* bill, were the 
ditn;L-M>uj combinaiio;is whici) 
iheff duties hjd given birth to 
beyond the Athniit, and the dif- 
fatisfafiioii they had created at 
home. 



►74l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Kone, Anong the merchants who 
trtded to the colonies ; which made 
this matter an objeO of the mod 
ferious confideration. It was re- 
markable, npon this occaGon, that' 
the minifter condemned thefe da- 
ties in the grofs, and the law by 
which they were founded, as fo 
■bfurd and prepofteroas, that it 
mud aftonilh every reafonable man« 
how they could have originated in 
a Bricifh legiflature ; yet» notwith- 
landing this decifive fentence, 
propofed a repeal of bot a part of 
the law, had ftill continued the 
duty Qpon tea ; left they fliould be 
thought to give way to the A me* 
ricaii ideas, and to take away the 
Impofitions, as having been con- 
trary to the rights of the colonies. 

On the other fide, it was moved 
to amend the motion, and that the 
9€tt which laid on thefe duties, 
Oiould be totally repealed. To 
this it was ohjetled, that the colo- 
nies, inftead of deferving addi- 
tional inftances of tendernefs, did 
Bot dtfervt the inftancethen (hewn. 
lor their refolotions became more 
violent than ever ; that their aiTo- 
ctations, killead of fupplicating, 
proceeded to di£late, and grew at 
lad to fuch a height of temerity, 
that adminiftration could not, for 
its own credit, go as far as it might 
incline, to gratify their expert!- 
•ns } that was the tax ander con- 
fideration to be wholly aboliOied, 
it would not either excite their 
gratitude or re-eiUbliOi their tran- 
quillity } they would fet the abo- 
lition to the account, not of the 
goodncfs, but of the fears of 
government, and upon a fuppo- 
tition that we were to be ternhed 
into any conceilion« they would 



make frefli demandt* mod rife 
their torbolencc, laiMd of 
ing to their datii. 
faul experience, hat proved dil 
to be their difpofition. WerepcaU 
the ftamp-ad to comply with thor 
defines ; and what hat bacn dtt 
confequence? Hai die repcd 
taught them obedience i bat 09 
lenity infpired them with aMde* 
ration On the contrary, thtf 
very lenity, has cncoaraged thca 
to ififult our authority, lo difpeis 
oar rights, and to aim at iadt- 
pendent government. 

Can it then be proper, in fad 
circomftances, while they deny urn 
legal power to tax them, to ac- 
quiefce in the argument of ille- 
gality, and by the repeal of tk 
whole law. to give ap that power? 
Thus, to betray ourfelves. Mt of 
compliment to them, and throegh 
a wi(h of rendering more tiMa 
judice to America, refign the coa- 
trouling fupremacy of England.^ 
By no means ; the propereS tiaieio 
exert our right of taxation, iit 
when the right is refufed. To tem- 
porize is to yield, and the nathoritjf 
of the mother-country, if it is now 
anfupported, will, in reality, be 
relinqoid)ed for ever. 

It was faid. that there 



great drefs laid« both within^nd 
without doors, ujpon the aovaa- 
tages of our traffick with America. 
and that the lead intermptioi of 
the codomary intercoorfe. was held 
np in the mod terrifying cokxirt to 
the kingdom ; but that there were 
the bed reafons to believe, that the 
aflbciations not to buy BritUh 
goods, would fpeedily dcdroy them- 
lei vet; for the Americans, to 
didrefs us, would not long per- 

feTert 




hlSTORt OF feUROPE. l,f 

a injnring tbtinfelTM ; thcT fioD. The mloifter obferredi tlut 

adj Wfry ol giving an id- the tuct were ■bfurd— How ciHW 

price fcr the cotnmoditiet he to Aipport the BdmiDiftrmtttMi 
t obliged to parchafe ; and that inpoled them f How oime W 
I the urdlhipsi undet- which not to hare difcorercd thi* abfiv 
J their commerce gioanit dity earlier? All the world kid 
1 obvioully their iniereft not been fenfible of ili and the rrpoi 
imeoce manDfaftareri. It of the afl bad been frctjuently pro- 
owed to be traC) that our poled. That repeal wai rthfei, 

to America had fallen very as tbcy were rclblred not to relax 

Flaie ) and that in thC year in Favour of America, whilft Aiiie> 

theyexcecded t bore of 1^69. Hca denied the right. Hii Ane- 

prodtgiouilmn of 744,000!. rica acknowledged it f Have ilwf 

nounting in the tormer to yet departed from their combiM- 

MO 1. and in the latter, only lion ! The mioiAen (fiid they) 

;4iOOJl. but ibii sreat dif- condenn the coDCeffioai of ifacir 

ran wai accooDied for, by prcdrccllbn j yet they begin tbea* 

ig. that the non-imporu fclves by cooceffion; with thb only 

lich enfaed, being then fore- difference, that thein ti withost 

r the importeri, they pre- gracet benignity, or policy; ami 

ibr it, by laying in a double that they yield after a vcKatioaa 

y of goods. ftruggte. Ihai every reftfbn given 

the particular duty 10 be fpr the repeat of a part of ihit aS. 
icd upon tea, it wa* faid, ntuR extend, not only with e<}iwl, 
e Americana had 00 rcaroii but with greater Titrce to the whole. 

1 fault ; becaufe whrn thai That the only caufe affigned for 
d, another wai taken olT, not repealing the whole, wai to 
obliged them to pay near a preferve the preamble, becanfe h 

in the pound upon an ave* inaiDtaini the right of tajcing the 

irbertai the prelcnt only iiii- Americans ; an argument totally 

ttiTpe-penee ; therefore, ai futile and ridiculous, as there ut 

a in thit article feeli an effe two pofoive laws drclaratory of 

■pence per pound, flie can- that right, and there are sianf 

ipcrly acryle o( of oppref' Other taxei at thi* moinent exift> 

pecially at every feSoa has ing. in e^tcrcife of the right, lb 

b.en produflive of material that as the mifchiefs occaHoncd 

ages to her. cither in boon- by the »A in qucflion, have at 

ee-pori), or other confidcr- length been acknowledged by the 

duigencei. other Cde, no ablurdity can be 

.he other fidr, many of the more elaring, than their pretence 

I argumems v-hich we have for making only a partial repeal. 
ly given upon thi* fubjeJl, Thai a parnal repeal, inltead of 

to the right and the expe- producing any benefit to the mo- 

of oar levying laxei, were iher-couniry, will be « real griev- 

epeated, and the whole pro- ance ( a certain expence to our- 

•i with regard 10 America fclvei, ai well s< a lource of perpc 

eiterated, and became the tual difcontent to the colonirv By 

ol the Icreiell aBimadvcr* continuing ilie tr.'fl-"s zax tipon 

tea, 



Vl ANKUAL REGlSTEft, 1770. 



1 



tea, while we take off the duties 
Upon painters colours, paper and 
glafs, we keep up the whole eila- 
hliihinent of the cuilom-houfes in 
America, with their long hydra- 
headed trains of dependant.s and 
yet cut off the very channels through 
which 'their voracious appetites are 
to be glutted. In fad, the tea duty 
will by no means anfwer the charge 
of colledling it, and the deficiencies 
mud naturally be made up out of 
the cof{ers of this country, fo that 
this tvife meafure of a partial re- 
peal is to plunder ourfelves, while 
It opprefTes our fcl'.ow-fubjediS, and 
all for the mere purpofe of prt Serv- 
ing a paltry preamble, which is Ut- 
terly ufclefs and unnecefTiryi 

That Parliament had plighted its 
faith to the Ball India company, to 
remove the duty of 25 per cent, from 
teas» in order that the company 
might be enabled to fell them upon 
terms equally ]o\t with the Ducch, 
whofe moderation in price con- 
flan tly obtained a preference at 
every market. That the 25 per 
cent, was indctd taken off accord- 
ingly, but what was done with one 
hand was undone by the other; a 
frefh duty was Uid en ihc commo- 
dity, and laid in fuch a manner, 
that it iiiufl operate as an ahfolute 
prohibition to the (ale of thjir teas 
through every -^art of the cxlcnfive 
continent of Englilh America,whcrc 
ihcy were before in general edima- 
tion. That as a proof of this af- 
fcrtion, the teas fent to America in 
the year I7<^S, amounted to no Icfs 
than 132,000!. whereas in 1769, 
thev ;;:nountrd to no more thiin 
44,000!. and probably this year, 
th.y v%ill not cxctcc! & cjuarter of 
th it fum, as the proceedings here 
are hourly becoming more and 
more rcpug'^ant 10 the mind^ of 



the colonies, and as agreement! 
have been lately entered into fot 
the abfolute difui'e of that article. 
In juilice therefore to the Eaft-io- 
dia company, who have fo confi- 
derable a (lake in the national wel- 
fare, and pay fo liberally to the 
fupport of government, the promise 
made to them ought to be di(* 
charged with the moll ponfluol 
Hdelicy-^that a difcontlnuance of 
the 25 percent, on their teas was not 
a dilcnarge of that promift; ; it wai 
or.ly to be dil'chargcd by i-na;>]iDg 
them to fell upon terms as reat'on- 
able as the Dutch. 

It was added > that as it feemed 
probable that a rupture between 
England and her old enemies, was 
at no great diftance, it wquld be 
afling wifely in adminillratijn, to 
reconcile our domedic dtvilioas, 
and to regain the confidence of our 
colonies, before fuch :in eV^nt took 
place. That at the fame rime that 
the 2^ in quellion was diametri- 
cally repugn«int to all the prin* 
ciples of commerce> there was not 
tne Imalled plea of utility to be 
urged in its defence; that even up- 
on the principle of a fpendthrift, 
if immediate profit was only to be 
confidvred, and all other confe- 
quences laid by, it had not that 
lord i J recommendation ; its whole 
produce, in its utmofl extent, not 
exceeding 16,000]. a year, which 
was no more than fufScienr to bear 
the expenccs that attended it. Let 
us then difmifs this pitiful fremmhlt 
tax, and make the repeal total, 
unlefs the miniders would convince 
us, that a proviiion for their new 
cudom-houfe inilrument!), beyond 
the Atlantic, is the ocly motive for 
this ihamclefs pro fu lion of the pub- 
lic treafurc. 

Such were fomeofthe arguments 

upon 




IISTORY OF EUROPE. [77* 

iiereSIiig qmSftton ; and tbt better enabled to jaclge of it> 

irkable upon thii occa- niilicy. 

evera] geatlemen in of- Formerly, it wu allvdsnl tbat 

I the motion, even u it tbe triaU of contefted cleftioni had 

lood. I'lic rearoni given been alwayi bf a fclefi committee, 

duSt were chicRy ihefe ; chiefly compofedof the moft InrD- 

cyon the pan of psr- cd and experienced of the houfe ; 

e general obllinacy of and whilfi tbii cuUom coolinued, 

:aiM, and the violence! the Uiigaot parties, ^nd tbe naiio^ 

in dilTerent parts of that at large, were generally well fatia- 

par^icubrly at Bolton, fied with the decifions; bnt by dci' 

in for the amendment grcei the committers of elcaioni 

it WIS rejefted by a having been enlarged, and all who 

s majority, thtr Dumberi came baving rmcei, a Aamefat 

to 1^1 ; the original partiality prevailed, fo that for « 

afterwardi carried with- remedy, dnrin'g the lilne that Mr^ 

>n. Onflow wat fpeaker, the adminblf 

idH of thia feafon ofbeat order with which he condoCled btt- 

on, which in a greater finefi, indeed foch ai wiflied for 4 

egree tras extended to candid trial, to be heard at the bar 

of the kingdom, a bill ofthehoofe. 

tcft bene£t to the con- This methnd oF determining 

nd importance 10 the concelled elefiionj, wai, Iwweverj 

nation, wa> broDgh: into found to be very defeflive, aoj 

the Houfe of Coomoni, faulty in numberlcfs inAancei, 

fmeinber of the oppo- which was principally owing 10 ike 

though chiefly con> extraordinary number of the JudgOf 

;hole adverfe to adoiini- there not being fo nomeroiii aju- 

rt was alfo received by dlcature in the uorld; and ihefe 

had always fupported not being bound by any lie, cither 

, and therefore happily by tbe giving of their oath, or their 

a law. This bill wai hononr, to prevent any ftciet biat 

f jf3 Jar regiilaliag tht from operating on them, were led 

1/ tki ^ouft tfCfrnmeni, by frirndlhip or party (lonneftion, 

tid tltSiens, and is ge> contrary to the rulci of equity and 

>wn by the name of ihe right, and to the making of the 

3111, from the late Mr. moft partial decifions. Such an 

-enville, who brought it unlimiied difcrecionary power mult 

Hife. The miniller op- always be fubjca to numberlefa 

bill, with fome other abulcs ; but in this particular io- 

nfed to be very pre~ flmce, the greatntit of the number 

thii infiance, howutrer, give a fanflion to partiality and 

nf;3ccefstul. injullice ; fcr they not only kept 

>e proper to lay before one another in coontcnance, but 

, a few of the caufes that the crime was fuppofed to be di- 

rd fur the bringing in, viJed into fo many ftiarrs, that 

(4f it necclFary to pafi while they were enccurxgcd by tha 

, b^ wbicb they will be force of example to opfofe tbe 



•78] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

^BO^e of their convi^ion, they look- was any occafion for fnch m nectfc 

ed upon their injnitice to be dimi- fitv. To all which may %ddc4 

niflled in proportion to their num- that as it it always fappolcd that i 

berip and each at length thoueht xninifter caii:KX fublift in this com- 

bis ibare of the guilt to be fo in- try without a majority to fapport 

confiderable, as fcarcely to coll him him in parliament, fo in every cafe 

a reflexion. of contcllcd election (and fucb caAi 

By this means, the faflprages of might be muliiplied in any dcgici 

the people were wantonly iported that was thought proper) the le- 

with» and their moft important and prefentation mud finally come iom 

fapred birth-right, that of chuGng his hands ; and inflead of the aca- 

(heir reprefentativcs, violated with bars being returned by the fm 

impuoiiy, and without a pnoflibiliiy voice of the people, they wunldbf 

of redrefs. At the fame time, the eventually appointed by admiai- 

method oftryin? thefe queftions at llration, 

the bar, made tnem an infuperabk The plan of this bil| was eiccU 

obllrudion to all other publjc bu* lent, and was laid dqvD upon tha 

finefbi an^l ^fpecif^Uy iu the firil conftitutional idea of (ri»ls by jury. 

{c&on of a new parliament, they Upon a petition being prefeotdL 

took up fj much time, that it was anJ a day appointed co h^ar tkt 

almoll a matter of furpiize how the merits, and for the p^titloncria 

houfe could attend to any thing witneiTes, and council to attend^ 

elfe. Nor could any thing be more the hopfe on tlut day it to be omni* 

irkfome to the members in gene* ed i and if one hundred meiiibcii 

lal, than this mode of decifion m are not prefent, it is to adjourn on* 

cleQion matters, as they were con- til fo miMiy ar^ nflembled. at which 

tlnually teized by applications from time the names of the membcrt it 

the contending parties fur their at- the houfe are tn be put into is 

tendance ; and though their attend- boxes or glafTes, to be drawn al- 

ance was all that was avowedly re- ternately, and read by the fpeakeff 

quired, the application tacitly in- till forty, nine are drawn ; the fit- 

eluded a requifition of tl^eir vote ting members and petitioner! may 

and inteieft ; fo that whatever par^ a)fp nominate one each. Lifts of 

they took, even though they ab- th^e forty-nine are then to be given 

feoted themfelvcs and g^ve no opi- to thp fitting member, the peti- 

iiion, which was generally done tionfcrs, their cou()Cfl, agents, && 

«^ hen there was no immediate cont who, ^ith the jclfrk, are to with* 

nexion, liill it wa.> a fource of dif- draw, and to ftrijce off onp alter* 

like, if not of enmity: befides, nately, beginning on the part of the 

though cullom and example h^d petitioners, till th^ oprober be re* 

jjiven a fanflion to the ailing cpn- duced to thirteen | w)io, with the 

iiary to cutivi^irm, and it was bp* two nominees, jirp to be fworn % 

come fo^tr.c^ral, that there was frc* felcA committee, to deternioe the 

quently a kind of real neceflity for matter in difpute. This feledl con* 

going along with a ]>articular party mittee is impowercd to fend lior 

or connexicm in opinion, the mind perfons, pupeis, and records ; to 

mall, notwithllaniling, frequently examine icitncfles, ao^ to deter^ 

revolt at it. aiul f egret that there mine finely : and the ^ovfe there- 
upon 




HISTORY OF EUROPE, t?^* 

M GMtfinn or alter the re- H— — of C— — i. than mt^oot a 
' Uie ■ Mw writ far • new legd Prince npoa the throne. That 
repreftoutivc* of the people are 
rent whick took place a few enential to the making of lawtt 
STf ai it renewed all the and there it a time, when it la 
I debate within doors, To it morally demonHrable that una 
e«r Ibrcc to the ill heiKMir ceafe to be reprerenutirct. That 
content mthont. and ^- time i> now arrived, the pfcfent 

leneral fabjcft oTdiTcuffion H of C ■ do not reprefett 

«t the kiflgdoa. Thii the people. 

•ddrcii, rcmonftrance, and It wa» faid, in the anfwer, which 
of the livery and corpora- hai been deemed by fome to have 
he city of London, in com- been uncommonly harlh, that tht 
1 aCenbled, to the King; content! of the remonftrance could 

for the diflblniion of par- not bat be confidered, ai difre- 

and the removal of evil fpeftfat to MajeSy, Jnjurioas to 
I. A piece at remarkable the parliament, and irreconcile- 
iccdoa and boIdne& of the able tu tbe "principles of the COn> 
iti which it conrcyed, as flitjtion. The remonllraace wat 
extraordinary termi in delivered by the Lord Mayor, who 
:hey wrre cxprcflEd; and wat attended by the flirrifli tnd 
lid like, ia it* conlcquen- other ciiy officer) in their tbrma- 
»ve been prodnflireof the litiet, together with a few of tha 
leatt aad perhaps danger- aldermen, and a great body of tha 
hres. common council ; the cavalcade of 

g other paBagei in ih^i coaches being attended by a pn>> 
aacTt it wai a&rted, that digioui concoorfe of people to 

jndgc rcmoveable at the St. Jamef'i, whofe Ihouti of ap- 
of the crown, had been probation nearly fiiook the adjnia- 
. from hit high office, for ing ftreeti; a circum'Sancc that did 
g in p:irliament the lawg not; IflTen the indignation and Bni> 

fonltitution. That under moliiy of thole, who being iho« 

! fecrct and malign influ- roughly fatisfied with the meafares 

»hich through each foe- of government thsrafeivcj, confi- 

dainiflration had defeated derej the whale proceeding, ai the 

iod> and fuggcAed every efftci of fafllan, rioi, and licea- 

ntioo, the majority of the liourneri. 

of C— ^s, had deprived A motion wat made on tbe fol> 

•le of their deaieft righu. lowing day, for an addrei'<, that a 

■ dediion on the Middlf. copy of the remo^i- 

oo, tvai a deed more rui- jlrantre. as well a> of Match Ij. 

u eoDfequences, than the hit M^jefty'i anf«er. 

if ihip jqoney by Charlei thodJ be laid before the hoof;. 

, or the difpenfi;)g power Thii motion n-ai vigoioufty oppo- 

by James the Second. A hi. The debate was lon^' and vio- 

lich mull vitiate all tSe Ifnr, and Itrong thre.iti were made 

igsofthid ? t ; f.irtlie uf* i.fon one fiJc, and a* daiinjty 

le Irg:l1ature itfdf can ;io urged ;□ tk? exe^utinu by tlis other. 

' valid withoHt a '.rgal Upon ibii occalioa, the late Mr. 

B«^Vid, 



»8o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Beckford^ who was then lord mayor, 
avowed the part which he hi^d 
taken in the remonllrancc» which 
he not only juiUHcd, but (eemcd to 
glory in. He faid, it was he« 
who put the qucilion in the court 
of common-council^ and cummbn- 
hall, anvi, though he had authority 
to put a negative upon the court of 
aldermen » in that cafe he would 
not d'j it : He was the great ciimi- 
naly he faid, and flood forth from 
the reft ; the P t wis charged 
with corruption, the rcmonilrance 
faid (o, t\\2 fadl was now to be 
proved, and he w^s ready to abide 
the ifl'ue. llevvas feconded by th^ 
fherifFs» and one of the city mem- 
bers, who jalHfied the rcmon- 
llraace, and ackno'.vled[;..'d the 
(hare they had in it ; faid, that 
though they were the peiTons i-^oit 
immediately interelled in any cen- 
i'ure that might be palTed u^)on it, 
they did not want to fhtltcr them- 
felves in concealment ; they were 
ready and willing to enter into the 
merits of the remoKilrancc, ciiiior 
then, or at any other ti:ne ; a::J 
were no hfs fatisficd with regard to 
thcjullice, thin tiie expediency of 
the meafure. 

Many other gentlemen, who op- 
pofed the moiiun, went upon dir- 
Icrcnc ground, and I'evcral of the 
moft moderate in oppolition, who 
thought the principles right upcn 
which the remonllr.ince was found- 
ed, highly difapprovcd of the terms 
in wliich it was conveyed, it was 
faid, thit the Houfe of Conirnons, 
b.'ing accuicd in the remonP^rance, 
the motion tendid to put the 
criminal in iiie place of the judge. 
That i: was irregular to call for the 
remonllrance, vviihout callinj*, for 
the petitions, the neglect of v\hich 
gave rife to it. That the hjufc was 



not competent in the cafe, btcade 
it had no power but what it de* 
rived from its ccnliituents. 

The injuflice of cenfuriag any 
part of the people, for the excr« 
cife of a r:ght, in which they aie 
warranted by rhe con(litutioB| 
which is fjpported by the diAitn 
of reafon, the authoiiry of prece* 
dc:its, and the pofirivc dechracioa 
of our laws, wjs largely cnterej 
upon. Our fo!o coniidcraiion, ii 
f::;ip!y, whether the people have or 
have [i')t a right to pctiiiun ; whe- 
ther they arc, or arc not Icrgally 
authoii/.cd to lay their grievancet 
before the throne, wherever they 
imigi^c themfclvcs opprefTed; and 
whciiKr all prolccucions nt law, for 
the c;:L'rci:"c of this privilejs, ii 
not exprefalv proMbiifd, in thai 
pril!di.:Ti of public liberty, the 
Bill ofRighis. 

AmoiV.j the r.ianv blcfEns^s arif- 
v\:\ to til J kingdom from the revo- 
luno.^, the priv'i'L-ge of complaining 
to thcihronc, afTcited, net acquired 
at thoi time, wi'.iiout the dagger of 
pu.i:n't.nont, is o.;c of the noblci); 
the pe-^ple in litis refped are the 
fole jnvlj;cs of the neceflity for pe- 
titioning. — !t is as much a part cf 
tiicir right, u:> it is a part of the 
ro.al pr*.; jgaii'.c to alfs-'mble Par- 
li^nient.s,- or tj txerciie any oihcr 
pov^vrwa; ranted by thi- conliitutiotu 
Ai this h truly the cafe, with whit 
flMviow of pjopri-ty, wiih what 
ci'/iujr of rcaio::, doue arrogate a 
liocrty of fxamii.ip^ their proceed- 
ing) ? with \J.:;c Cf'jnicnance do we 
fiv in thf face <^f the laws, and con- 
fuicntly allcit that they fh ill be pu« 
nifhcd, for \vhat the l.uvs peremp* 
torily djjhrc, that they flial! not 
cve:t U'lJiTgv) a pivfccution ? Even 
aJn-.'iiii'. [I, Oil ti:j pre lent qucAion^ 
thut the rcsplchavt b.tn uiiilakeni 

that 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [8i* 

ey hsve erred, diat than violated in the Middlerex eleftion. 

Bftlhf Qo 2ri**iDcei to com- i) to be fupported in all its confe- 
'', and that the manaer of qiieneei, and carried to its utmoft 

nonftrance ii as difrer^eA- extent. The fame fpirii, wbicli 

the matter or it ij nnjul)| violated the freedom of eleAton, 

the law) pofitively pro- now iDTadei the declaration and 

ibdr right of petittoomg, bill of right), and threaten) to pn- 

:ir exemption from confe- nifli the labjefl for exercifing a pri- 

irofecution, we are preclud- vtlege, hitherto undtfputed, of peti' 

B every eaqairy Into their tioning ihe crown. The grievancea 

. They may be indifcreett of the people are aggravated by in- 

ajr be varoi, they may be fult) ; their complaint) n(?l merel/ 

at ; bat let u) not be raih, difregarded, but checked by autho- 

intable, and aibilrary. Let rity ; and eiery one of th'jfe a£ta 

while we are fo nicely at- againS which they remonftrated, 

m the error) of others, m(b confirmed in the final refort, by k 

Ipable illegalities ourfelves. decifive approbation. In fuch cir- 

ver ii great — but the power cumftancc), wh:ii are they to do f or 

awa is moch greater. rather, what is not to be dreaded 

ty were to credit report ; and from their derperation } 

id nothing elfe now before The inexpediency, and perbapt 

r any part of the proceeding, danger, of Aill increallng the pub- 

ferto the remonftrance, from lie ill-humour and difcontent, by 

)ne, did not lb much con- talcing violent mfafures agaitilt fo 

ay indecency in the remon- ^efpeAiMe a body, at ihe corpora- 

as it feemed to flrike at the tion and ciiizeni of London, waa 

'petitioning itfelf, and (up- particnUrly inlifled upon; and tba 

tat the granting fuch peciii- apprehended confequencei, painted 

aid be ruinoui to the con- in thi: ll rouge ft colours. It was laid, 

I ; which went not to the th.it great city, hnd upon numbtr- 

bat to the fubftance oT all Ici'soccafions, and in the moll try- 

itioos;thi)evidcntlyleft the ing circomHancei, proved hcrfclf 

without any hope of redrefs ; the true friend to freedom ; the un-> 

feqaenily the right ofpeti- daunted fupponcr ot jufiicc, and 

for a diflblution of Pariia- the invincible champion of our glo- 

recognized by the houfe, rinu) conftitution. — A meafurc of 

I in effect a dead letter. this nature would at any lime he ex< 

I obferved, that one of the tremely injudicious ; out in a period 

snors of Jamci the Second's like the prefent, wa^ big with s 

was hi) punilhment of the ihoufaiid danger). The metrnofilis 

lilhops for petitioning.— is compofed of the wc.-ilihieA citi- 

canfc) mall aKvav) produce zcni in the Britilh liominiuns ijictr 

elfcSi-— The people may nomberisgreat, thtiriniliiencepro- 

jry and op predion far along digious, and their prnccedinff^ are. 

int they will prefer annihi- in general, ihe rules of action for 

ichain*. The prefent mea- all the in terlnr corporations in the 

;w, that the principle upon kingdom. To brand them ihcre- 

le righii of the people wcte fore at any umewiih a mark of ob- 

XIll. [/] loijuy, 



•W] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 

loquy» would he to reader an exten- 
iive (bare, of the people dilTatisfied* 
cither with the equity or moderttion 
of government.— It is to make that 
very part of the comm unity > to 
which in the hour of public exi- 
gence we fly for afnilance. from 
which we fupplicate our loans, and 
obtain the elTential finews of political 
firengchy our declared and confirmed 
enemies ; and out of a blind refent- 
ment to them, to commie a manifell 



matter^ the moft vinleat IiIm 

the crownj or the coafli 

might be covered by the i{ 

name of petition ; while M 

under that pretence, was lii 

he hourly infulted, and obli 

fubmit to the moft groandlei 

fures, and to fuffer the moA 

ful reproaches. That uod 

licence oar foreign foet, or o 

meiiic enemies, may at an 

ftir up a multitude to com| 

grievances that never cxift 

to make requifitions of th 



outrage upon ourfelves. 

This would at any time be the 

confequence of offendiog the city of extraordinary, or moft dai 

London: but in the prefent cafe, tendency. That they may! 

the evils are infinitely more compli- befeech the Prince to abdica 

caicd and alarming. To cenfure the pray that he may he gr 

citizens, for what nine- tenths of the pleafed, to transfer hit la 

whole empire confider as an a£t of the expelled family ; or if tl 

the moil exalted virtue, is to rouze reign fhould happen to cat 

the indignation of every honed fub* 

}c€t in the Britiih empire. It is to 

aggravate the fury of a difcontent, 

already too pregnant with danger, 

and to open a fcene of horror, that 

will not clofe perhaps, but on the 

total overthrow of the conftitution. 

How then is it poffible, that while 

the minds of the people are agitated 

almoft to madnefs, any gentlemen 

can perfevere in a continued fuccef* 

Aon of inflammatory meafurcs, and 

hourly pour oil on the flame of that 

difcord, which already blazes but too 

iercely in this unfortunate country. 
It was faid on the o:her fide, tl:at 

though the right of petitioning was 

undoubted ; law, reaion, and ne- 

ceffity required, that the petitioners 

fiiould be under the reltri£Uon of mi nation of the laws ; anc 

certain falutary limitations ; that count of its form, to be 

thev (hould be influenced by truth, 

ana guided by decency ; that the 

matter of the petitions (hould be 

real, and the manner refpe^fal to 

the (bvereign. That without thcfe 

reILri£tions, the moft treafimablt 



prejudices, and thereby at 
coniiderable fliare of pop 
they may perhaps wiih, in tk 
long vehemence of their : 
fee him feated on an a 
throne ; and in a conftitatv 
monilrance, like the prefei 
of debate, patrioucally del 
not only to diflbive, but i 
hilate his Parliaments. 

Tims our conftitution 
totally deilroyed, becaufe 
no law to puniih, no aut] 
reflrain, and no power whs 
withholding the licentiov 
petitioners ; yet fuch mail 
confequences in a (late li 
if every thing in the form 
tition was fanAificd from 



as a conftitutioual aSt of pr 
it was faid that moden 
been much talked of, an< 
mended ; but that the ni 
indignities which the hoa 
late experienced, prooeei 



^ 




HtSTORT OF EUROPE. [S^* 

A of lenity and nodenition ; were a Hou&, tbcy rnnft prors 

JUaf'i Owy would not ponifh, themrelvei refpcdable ; iTtliey wer« 

imim of order fupppfed that not, tbey had no nghctodeliberste; 

■fcd noti bcBce in propor- their aflembling mull have b.'in U- 

Icnity on the one banili li- legal. That oioch had be«n faid 

ibela grew aadacioui on the about the danger of irritating tho 

That they were hourly people; but Ihefe gentlemen did 
ID the pablic prinig, which noi recollect, that the people of 
1/ trembled at the bare ap- Engiand were sii prefenc comprized 
fionof their refentmenc, and wiihin them walli, and oncil their 
ib teemed with the groflcll le^al dillblution, could have no real 
n their determi nations. Thut exiltence ai a body any where with- 
1 wai at length rendered fo out them : that the nation- had 
ecu, that the Livery of chofen them as in agenti for a term 
Bi with the chief magiArate ofyeari; that during that term they 
r head, had now the teme- were virtually the nation. If they 
KK only to folicit their dif- betrayed their truA, or proved un- 
it but to declare in direfl worthy of farther cotiiidence, ths 
e term, thit they are not the people may difcar J them indig- 
aiaiivei of the people — That nantiy at the expiration of tho 
ttioB in fuch circumllanceg term; but while they fat there. 
It of the queition : that in they were bound by and aniwerable 
of infinitely more danger for their aft). 

K prelcnt, inHcad of fuppof- That with regard to what had 

at the maintenance of it* been thrown out about the leven 

gniiy wa» a dangeroji mca- fiiAiops injamet the Second's reign; 

ut Houle looked upon a fpi- the cafe wai not at all applicable : 

mnion of itt authority, to Their petition was entirely upon (he 

only the mod noble, but the point of religion, was couched in 

ilitic conduA it could purfue. terms the rooft refpeftful to the 

if they fubmit to the prefent throne, and delivered with as much 

infiilt, and Crouch under an privacy as pofliblc to the fove reign. 

: of fo dangeroui a nature. Whereas the rcmooHrance in quef- 

y their oinn dignity will be tion, denies the authority of parlia- 

ffld : but the conilitutiondc- ment, infults the throne, and it 

. the whole body of the peo- delivered with all the circumftancea 

irived at once of their repre- of tumultuous pariilc, that can be 

et, and every aAuhich has calculated to terrify the minds of 

iffed fincc the time of c lee- the penceable, and inflame the paf- 

lAbe utterly with ut force, fions of every milguided member of 

the fole tjuellion now was, the community. 

rthcy were a parliament, or After long debalei, the mrti'oa 

they were, what lime could was carried by a majority, of con- 

particularly nccciV^iry to fiderably mere than two to one. 

eir au;hotity, as ilic prcfen:. The papers being laid before ths 

r.e Livery of London had HDufe, and the journals and other 

\xy dtdared at the throne records examined, freih debates 

<.-T were cot. That if they aiofe upon a motion being madq 



84] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

Great indignarion was 
in theaddrcit, at theci^tei 
reroonftrance^ which tras 
with being exprefled in tei 
trary co that eratefol and : 
ate refpefl due to hit ] 
with afperiing and calo 
one of ike branches of thi 
tare, and exprefly denyin 
gality of the prefent Pai 
and the validity of its procc 
The prefenting of pet 
the throne was aflerted to I 
at all times an undoubted ri 
free enjoyment of which w 
ed at the revolution and < 
fince ; and it was with the 
concern^ that the exercife 
portant and valuable a ri 
now feen fo grofly pervc 
being applied to the pur 
of prefervingy but of oyi 
the conilitution ; and of f 
ing doArines, which, if | 
adopted, mull be faul to i 
of the kingdom, and whic 
the fubverfion of all lawful 
ty. Thanks were returoe 
anfwer made to the remc 
which was reprefented as 
prcof of a determined peHi 
m adhering to the princip 
conftitution. Some cenfu 
thrown out, againft the 
fuggellions of ill-defignii 
and the unjullifiable exce 
few mifguided perfons, « 
in this iiillance feduced fi 
duty ; and the confidence 
the people in general, 
plaudcd and juRificd. 



for an addreft to his Majefly, and 
another for the concurrence of the 
Houfe of Lords to the addrefs. 
Thefe motions met with great op- 
pofition, and very long debates en- 
fued. The legality of petitioning 
for a difTolution of Parliament was 
much difcuiTed, and it was infifted, 
that it could not be illegal, to re- 
commend the doing of a legal a6l. 

The cenfure contained in this 
addrefs, they alledged was confor- 
mable neither to the equity nor dig- 
nity of Parliament; not conform- 
able to eouity, becaufe no body of 
men could be competent to pafs a 
cenfure on thofe who accufed them ; 
and that if thofe who prefented the 
remonilrance were not puniihable at 
common law, they were not crimi- 
nal, and if not criminal ought not 
to be cenfured : the addrefs wa5 not 
conformable to the dignity of Par- 
liament, becaufe it imputed an hea- 
vy crime, and propofed no fort of 
punifhment ; which was to (hew a 
weak and feminine refentme nt, al- 
together unworthy of their fituatlon, 
and miferably (hort of the argu- 
ments that were ufed to fupport that 
meafure. 

To the application for the con- 
currence of the Lords, it was ob- 
jedled, that fuch an a^ would pre- 
clude them from being judges, if 
any impeachment (hould afterwarJs 
come before them. Both the mo- 
tions were however carried by a 
prodigioof majority ; and the ad- 
drefs having received the concur- 
rence of the Lords, at a conference, 

1 wat accordingly jointly prc- 
*5^- fenwd. 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. [85* 



CHAP. IX. 



tfa^mri im Ifvla»J, at tit mttting of tbt Mw parhamint. j/mgatniatitm 
fftffitt. Privj-CtuMeil m»iuy hih rtjiaii. SuffUtt rai/td in it* 
tl mamatr. LtrJ LitMttMawi'i/ftab tad frttft ; farUamtwl frtngaii. 
^a tm tts tbtrnf. Mpita modi but fir ibt Irifii pafir: ; rijiBti. 
MiM, *ad rifiUtUiu, rtlali'ut ta AmtritaM affairs ; fvir-rtUJ. Silt 
■nvtrfimg lit a^njicatiens rtlalivt It lit MiM/t/ix tUSitii, Dtialtt 
til aa^wtr n lit rtmenjlrantt tf tbt cily ef Lmden. Re/olutaai frt- 
Uim lit H»m/i tf Lardi rtlativt It lit nhnitt. Kin£iJ^ich. Par- 
wmt irtaii if. 

>li B late tnnraClioDi in Ire- fnalhtM wu rightly judged to bo 
Ium), having thrown that coos- the proper tine, for the making 
Ko a fiate of general difuider of another expenoienc to carry into 
Bcooieni, occaJioned a propo- execution the bill for the augioen- 
I tku fide, for a parJiamentary tation of the fbrcet, which bad 
17 into the caafeg and nature failed of fuccef} at the breaking op 
en. Wc have before feen the of the laft parliament. 
BM bopei aod expe^tiont A melTage wai accordingly fent, 
Rcrc mmed in that kingdom, recommending ihit meafure in the 
ihe paffing of the oftenoial Hiongeft term) from the throne, m 
aad the degree of popohrity a matter which his Majefty had ex- 
i dM prefcnt deputy had gain, tremely at heart, not only as De> 
OithcArength of that favour* ceHary for the honour of the crown, 
nfoc , but for the peace and fecurity of 

t great etpencei which at- that kingdom- This meflage like- 
1 the general eleflion, had wile contained a promile from the 
rhat however abated their fa- ihrone, that if the augmentation 
■OB. The perfoni who held took pUce, a number of effcflive 
(brniany year 1 there, thought troops, not left than iz,ooo men, 
aftaat and unofaal refidence of officers included, Ihould at all timea, 
ird Lieutenant, ivsj intended except in cales of invafion or re- 
fer the deiULflion of their hellion in Great- Britain, be kept 
ami influence. A llronj> op- wiihtn the kingdom for its better 
a was prepared. But things defence. 

an « plicid outward form ; The propofcd augmentation, was 

and nothing appeared on from iz.ooo, the Jormer ellablilh- 

'* the meeting ot the new ment, tOl;,33; men, officers iu- 

'* ptrliamcntbuiuhatpro- eluded; the lln£\etl (economy was 

baririony and good humour, promil'ed to be obferved iu ihis ler- 

loufri fcemed to vyc tiiih vice. The augmentation uas to 

ther, in their expreflions of be made by an increale ot the com- 

nd gratitude to the throne, mon men, without any additional 

refpcA and regard to the corps or gteutcrnumbir of officers ; 

.ieuicaaot. This fcafoo of and it wai fuithcr propofcd, that 

[/]3 



'863 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



as the fevera] general officers who 
now compofed the military ftaff in 
that country, fhould happen to die 
or be provided for, the namber 
ihould be reduced, and confift of 
no more afterwards than a com- 
mander in chief, and five general 
OBicers. This promife was the 
more ufefully applied, as the (laiF 
upon that military eflablifliment 
was exceffively loaded, and amount- 
ed nearly to 30,000!. a year ; and 
befidcA being encumbered with an 
unnecefTary number of general Of- 
ficers, moft of thefe were abfeotees« 
who did no duty ; and the number 
reiident in the kingdom* wt^c 
fcarcely fufiicient to hold boards, 
and to go through the other necef- 
fary parts of the fervice. 

A good many perfevered in the 
oppoiition by which this augmen- 
tation had been loft in the lormer 
parliament. They faid that fnch 
a requifition fccmed unufual and 
unneceflfary in a time of profound 
peace. That the military eftabli(h- 
nuent in that kingdom, had been 
long and juftly complained of, for 
being condu6^ed upon a moft ex- 
pend ve^ ineffc^ive, and ruinous 
lyOem. The notion was already 
loaded with the enormous annual 
expence of near half a million (ler- 
ling, for the fuppcrt of a nominal 
body of troops of 12,000 men, of 
which almoU one- fourth were com- 
midioned and non-commiflioned 
OSicers; the number of regiments 
having been gradually increai'ed 
from 25 to 42, wiih a prodigious 
incrcafe of expence, without any 
addition to the number of efFedUve 
"men, oroftfficacyto the military 
clbblifhment. NotwithHanding this 
vail expence, which iliould at 
lead have cfFe^uilIy provided for 
the fecurity of Uic nation* what 



with the regiments ikat wer 
ployed abroad upon garrifon 
and the great deficiencies 
number at home, the interna 
fcarcely amoonted to 89OOO n 

Such a milapplication c 
public monev (it was faid b] 
who oppofed the neafinre) 
therefore much more loadly i 
quiry and redrefs, than for 
grant. The public expences i 
country, loaded befides with i 
for their circumfiances heav] 
incumbered with penfions, 
amount of near 100,000 L am 
were already an intolerable I 
to the people ; and much moi 
they can afford, while the 1 
ragements under which theij 
merce labours are continued, 
however was the favourable 
fition of the majority at this t 
government, or fuch their k 
the neceffity of the meafurt ti 
the common defence, that nc 
llanding a ftrong oppofition % 
and its being rather anp 
without doors* the Augmei 
Bill was carried through* and 
in a very few days. 

This apparent nnion of 
ments, good humour and hai 
between the Governor and g 
ed, was foon interrupted, 
ncy bill* which had cri£ifiat 
been framed in the privy-c 
was brought to the Houfe d 
mons ; a meafure, which* 
in flridncfs legal, had been 
a matter of violent alterca 
the beginning of every parli 
at which time only it was u 
order to keep up a right c 
by the council under an 
Henry the Vllih, called IV 
law, by which no bills are 
in Ireland, which have nc 
^i\ certified from the privy- 




HISTORY OF EUROPE. l»j» 

It was affawi, that befidn hiring originted in the Honfe of 

dent praAicc, tbe very laft Commons, Thii objeAion did not 

Dent hid palTed foch a bill, impede the n&cionil fjpplv ; ano- 

II t* the long parliameDt ther money bill was paliea in tbe 

had preceded it: that it wai nfoal form, in the moft liberal 

liU of any ferioui Aipply, bat maoner, and with the grcateft nna- 

: natter of form, and that by nimity, 

^ieal law, no diff'crence wai The cordiality and Dnaniinity 
in the power of the council, Ihewn upon thit occafian, by which 
n money bills and' others, they tnifted folely to the honour of 
f the oppofiiion now grown government, and provided fully for 
■joriiy, it wai reprefenred as all its neccflitiet, before they pro« 
(Mt a violation of their moft ceeded to any part of the national 
il and inherent rights, that bufincrs, greatly, a* they faid, en- 
Id not pollibly be admitted, hanced the merit of the aA. The 
It t total facrifice of them, rejeAed bill provided only for the 

evident, tbey faid, that if expenditure of three monthi, tb* 

ranting of money as a free prefent for the expencei of two 

r the lupporc of government, yeara, and the fnpply grantedi 

n Tcfted in the Commons, amoanted to 2,168,681 I. No in- 

Mld no longer be confldered confiderable fum, if we conlider tht 

refentativet of tbe people; circumftances of the country aitbej 

lat the power of conferring are commonly reprefented. 
ion the crown, and obtain- Thefe two great poinii of go- 

eneGii for the latter, being vemment being obtained, in the 

>tally at an end, they could angmencation of the army and the 

[er aA as a medium to pre- grant of the fappliei, it was then 

the connexion, or fapport thonght the proper time to Ihew a 

ifide nee between them. That refentment of the rejection of the 

aieri of a money bill are to money bill ; an affront which had 

idered as the givers of the been (prudently, as was faid byone 

: and that the referving only fide, meanly and fraudulently, by 

roMtive or negative to the the other) dilTembled, until Go> 

ant, would be reducing them vernment was got on folid ground. 

to the fiaie of regillcrs of The Lord Lieutenant, 

lias of the privy-council, in a fpeech which he Dec 36. 

the privy-council reprcTent made to both Houfes, 

n, nor body of men, and after the greateA acknowledgmenn 

tcntly cannot tax tbe people; for the liberality with which they 

ty themlelvcs are reprcrenlcd had fo efFeflnally lupportcd govern- 

lament, where all laiL-es mull mcnt, fuJdenly changed h-.i llile, 

te, and where they are e- and condemned in the llrongeit 

bound with all others, and terms, the rejf^ion of the Privy 

bne authority. Council money bill in the Houfe 

Tbe Bill was accord- of Commons, which he reprerencrd 

t- ingly rejected ; and in the to be intrenching upon the rights 

vole for the rejeflion, of the crown, and entered a fot- 

■iba afligned, nis its not mat ProteU in the Houfe of Lords. 
if] + ^Sa"""* 



•881 ANNUAL REGISTER* 1770. 

Ugainft that aft of the Houfe of 
Commons; and to preclude all de- 
bate upon the fubjcft, or the pof- 
fibility of paffiDgrefolutions againft 
this meafure^ as fuddenly prorogued 
the Parliament to a long day. 

Some notice of this defign having 
been received before it was pot in 
execuiion, a motion had been made 
in the Houfe of Lords a few days 
before^ that direfltons ihould be 
given to the Speaker, not to fufFer 
any Protefl ot any perfons whatfo- 
ever to be entered in the Journals, 
who was not a Lord of Parliament, 
and a Member of that Houfe, and 
which was not relative to fome bu- 
iinefs that had been previouily be- 
fore the Houfe, and wherein the 
protefting Lord had taken part with 
the minority, either in perfon, or 
by proxy. This quedion being 
over-ruled by a great majority, a 
firong proteli was entered by the 
xnincrity, which attempted to fhew 
th:!C the only two cafes in point, 
which were thofe of the Earl of 
Strafford, and Lord Sidney, were 
ciihcr tranfadled in fuch times, or 
attended with fuch circumdances, 
as totally voided their being drawn 
into precedent, and that every fuch 
ad was contrary to the rights, and 
derogatory to the dignity of the 
Peers. I'he Hou'e of Commons, 
before their breaking up, furbid the 
Lord Lieutenant's fpeech from be- 
ing entered on their Journal.s. 

Jn this manner were the fanguine 
hopes blailed, which hid been 
formed upon the F.rd meeting of 
the hrft limited Parliament. No 
bulincis haJ pafTcd but a compli- 
ance uiih ihe requifuions of Go- 
vernment; all the national bufincfs 
was undone; the temporary laws 
which are renewed or altered at 
every Icilioas* whether relative to 



agriculture, to trade« to t 
plying of the capital with 
fions, to the preiervatioQ 
public fecurity, or the fop 
the public charities* were 
pired. The confternation, 
and difcontent that follows 
great, and the whole kingd 
in a ftate of univerfal conful 
diforder. 

This being a matter of tc 
importance to efcape the n 
oppofition in the firitiih 
ment : a motion was acco 
made, that the inftrudions 
Lord Lieutenant of that ki 
by which he prorogued the 
ment, might be laid bef 
Houfe. This motion was t 
feconded, but propofed to 
tended, by moving that 
papers relative to the Iril 
mentation Bill* (hould be a 
before them. 

In the debates upon this 
many parts of the late coi 
•Government, in the admio 
of the affairs of that count 
derwent the fevereft firidu 
was faid, that having caj( 
Parliament of Ireland out of 
fum of money, for the pur 
a military augmentation in 
of profound peace, and the 
perfcdlly conilitutional then 
ceive it fr^m the reprcfenti 
the people ; the money 
fooner received, than they a 
the right of the Comn 
granting it, and infilled i 
power of originating mon 
belonged entirely to the 
Council: that admitting fc 
ment their own principl 
vernment had not a right 
the money, if Parliament 
a right to give it, and the 
either rcfufe the fupply. 



I 



t 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. [89» 

ici|ikiccd in the legality of the It was contended, that the lavr 

|mi. That the more the coadudt called Poyning's* is no aathority 

tf sdiBinifbration in this refped is for this violent procedure. That 

onuoed, the more it will be law gives to the Privy Council the 

: find perplexed, inconfiftent, and privilege of certifying parliament 

r. fimaaical^ the Deputy, having tary bills to this kingdom ; but the 

i IKiiiied the money, returns thanks privilege of certifying, by no 

" to (be two Houfes for their libe- means includes the Juft authority ol 

nSty, and after he has politely originating, 

tomplimented their munificence. The condud of a minifterial 

k enters a Proteft upon the Jour- officer, who had declared in the 

nls of the Lords, and informs the Iriih Hoafe of Commons, that the 

vk»le world that they were not au- Privy Council money bill, was « 

thorizcd to exert it. ^ fine for the renewal of parliament* 

\ ' Hiat the laws of Great Britain was feverely animadverted upon* 

had been violated, and its dignity It was faid, that this was an avowal 

ftcrificed, to deceive our fellow- of oppreffion and defpotifm in the 

UjtQi in the filler nation out of extreme : that it was at once laying 

their property ; for that the pro- by the mafk, and confidently telling 

aife which the chief governor had the fubjedt, that he fliall not pc£ 

aude to the Iriih Houfe of Com- fefs his abfoiute right, unlefs he 

MBS, to induce them to confent pays the minifter for indulging him 

to the augmentation, wz. that with ic. 

iXiOOO men (hall be conftantly Upon the whole, it was faid» 

ittiooed among them, was not that they were called upon by 

f Ml/ giving up the prerogative of every motive, to enquire into the 

f Ae crown, but was alfo direAly re- caufes of the prefent deplorable 

I pi|Dant to two Englifh ibttutes, by flate of their fider and neighbour* 

which the sH/ffiian as well as the ing ifland, and as they were ea- 

coamand, of all the land and fea dowed with a coercive power over 

ftrces, are made inherent in the Miniilers in every part of the Bri- 

i crown ; but that by this promifc, tiih dominions, to give that redrefs 

i the rpirit and obvious meaning of to the people of Ireland which 

i thefe laws is defeated, and the dif- their own Parliament could not 

f fo(al of the 12,000 troops is not grant; and that they were even 

virtoilly in the fovereign, but aAu- led by their interell to purfue thoie 

'illy in the Iri(h parliament. That meafures, which were at the fame 

in whatever light this matter was time evidently dictated by their 

confidered, whether as diminifh- jullice. 

iog the Royal Prerogative for the On the other fide, the neceOity of 

porpofe of artifice, or defeating the preferving a due fubordi nation in 

dcfign of £cgli(h A6ts of Parlia- every part of the empire was en- 

Beot, for the fhameful end of de- larged upon ; that a controuling 

lading the fellow-fubje£ls in Ire- power mud be lodged fomewhere ; 

land out of a fupply, in either cafe that the vafl body of ihe BritiAi 

it was a matter that merited the territories cannot fubfift without a 

inOtSt eD<^uiry. head ; and that it is fitter for the 

varioua 



•90] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

various dependencies, which we 
have prote^ed for fo long a (erics 
of years, to obey oor laws, than to 
think of dieting to their protec> 
tors. That it is axnafing as well as 
fbrprizing, to fee the very meafores 
which are taken for maintaining 
the authority of this kingdom, 
poioted out by the oppofition, as a 
degradation of its honour, and a 
facn6ce of the royal prerogative. 

That the reafon of the parlia- 
mentary prorogation y was the fo- 
licitude of the very Miniders who 
are now reviled, to preserve the 
dependence of Ireland upon this 
kingdom. That the Iriih Houfe of 
Commons entered into refolutions 
contrary to Poyning's Law ; into 
reiblutions which confeqnently 
Ihook the foundation of our au- 
thority over Ireland, and therefore 
the Parliament was prorogued ; 
and that the manner of the proro- 
gation was warranted no lei's by 
precedent, than juflined by reafon. 
That the prorogation was una- 
Toidable, and the Minifler would 

highly merit an impeachment, if 

he had not nrged the expediency 

and neceflity of it. 

That the charges of violating the 

laws of England, and relinquiih* 

ing the royal prerogative, by the 

promife given to the Irifh Parlia- 
ment, was equally groundlefs. 

That the crown hat, certainly, a 

right of difpofing of the land And 

fea force as it pleafcs ; and the 

crown, therefore, (lations 12,000 

men conftantly in Ireland, agree- 
able to this right ; yet th'* excrcife 

of the right, and the adoal execu- 
tion of the Engliih laws, is now 

f?id to be repugnant to two Engliili 

Acis of Parliament, and a rclin- 

qni(hment of the royal preroga- 

tive. 



Great complaint having beei 
made, that among the other lam 
of public utility, which had expir* 
ed in Ireland, )n oonfeqnence of 
the late prorogation, the tax opm 
hawkers and pedlars, which wii 
appropriated to the ibciety for tbt 
building and maintaining of Pro- 
teftant Charter Schools, had aUb 
ceafed, by which that excellent ta> 
ftitntion would be tfoullj and ir- 
retrievably ruined; the Miniiicr, 
upon this occaiion, pledged himfidfi 
that any lofs refulting to the incor- 
porated fociety from that meaforc^ 
ihould be made good from the 
privy purfe. The (|ueftion being at 
length put, the mouon was rejeded 
by a majority of more than two to 
one. 

The ftate of afiairs in Ameria 
had not yet been entered iotOt 
though they had been particalarlf 
recommended by the fpeech fhm 
the throne, and feemed to be ooe 
of the great objcdls, which reqmred 
the utmoft attention, and matoreft 
coniideracion of Parliament. Tlw 
account which had been received of 
the late alarming riot in BotoOi 
between the foldiers and towB*i 
people, and the confequence thit 
followed, of the two regiments thst 
were ftationed in the hai racks there, 
being under a compulfatory ne- 
cefTity of retiring from the town 
and going to Callle William, with- 
out any order from Government 
for fo doiu^, feemed to make this 
matter fo urgent, as not to admit 
of any delay, before fome con« 
clufivc meafures were taken upon 
it; and the time prefled the more 
immediately, as a fpcedy proroga- 
tion was the natural confequence of 
the feafon. 

The Miniflry, however, were 
very ihy and tender upon this head, 

and 




HISTORY OF EUROPE- [91* 

■cd to «ifli ruber to trsft tb« prdent Sane of diffenfioB. 

aporixug condoQ with the between the iDothcr-coaiiiry «o4 

ij and the hope of profiting her coloniet. That in fulfiUiog 

r difQuoa or aecemij', (baa thii duty, tbey maft not ooly coa- 

op«a K ferifi of diftordaot £der the mitier of f«di bat the 

a, which, however the fe- right .of vhingi ; not ooly the tnr- 

puti dight be defended by bulence of the Americaai, bo^ 

aediate plea of expediency the caufe of that torbalcnce ; aa4 

time, conld bear do critical not only the power of the croan. 

caqairy, when compared and but the equity with which thiE 

ed opoo the whole. power had been exercifed. 

'ever thii might have been Thit motion had the ofntl fats. 

odple npoo which American of thofe snade by the miaonif. 

were fiinered hitherto to lie It did not, however, prevent otMr- 

U, noiwithflanding the re- Hep* npon the fame fubjeA. Ate 

ladatioa from the throne, it of refolationt were propofcd, bf 

f M> Dieani faijifaAory to which the whole minilterial fytmk 

who had oppoTed every part for feveral yean paft, with reUdiw 

: Cimdnft of adminifiratitm to America, wat taken into cb*» 

:|ard to America. fideratioa. All the coatradifioiy 

A motion was accord- inftruaioni to the Govemora wem 

ini;ly made for an ad- caovaiTed ; and their inconfiSeocT' 

diefs 10 the throne ; fet- and ill effefU pointed out. Xue* 

irth me dilputes that had impofed — repealed ^ impoAd 

amanj[ the I'evtral governon again, and repealed agaio. ASkm- 

inimaiider.'i, in al mult all the blic* diGolved — called again; kbA 

■t, li')Ce the appoiatmeat of fuffcred to fit and proceed to buft* 

manJcr in chief; that the nefs, without difavowing or dU* 

:> nzve been lor fome time, coumcnancing the nteaftirea whitk 

■t Hill, irom ihii and other had procoretT the former diKdt- 

in a H^te of the greaieft tion. Protnife* made to the aflcM- 

r and ::;>nrulion ; that the blieii that certain dvtie* (hould b« 

of America com, Iain of the repealed and laxe* taken off; whicb 

limeitt of an army there, aa were unwarrantable, of daDgcrona 

up a military government confrquence, and a high braach of 

le civil i and therefcre pray- privilege ; and that it was equally 

hit ail thcle matter* may be derogatory from the hononr of thv 

deted, and fueti mcaCutei crown, and the freedom of par- 

a« would replace things liamentary deiibcritiont, to havo 
upon a ccnltitaiiooal fuot- iitfuiih pledgeii to the peTrormanc« 
of fuch promife). Troopi feni-^ 
) motion WM inirodoeed, by dm'cn out — violence, .ind fub* 
iog, that in the prefrnt cri-. milHoR. alternately made ufe of. 
tiuationof affairi, they were Treafons char[>ed, adopted by Par- 
ly called upon, to enquire liament, not proved, nor attempted 
:he Minil?eri here, no left to be proved; or if cxiHing, not 
iieir UGicert there, have ma- attempted to be dctcOed and 
ib ttDfonunatclyi ai to kindit punitLcdj an iafult on the dignity 

of 



V] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

of. Parliament 9 and tending to alluded to, and fome of the firongeC 

bring either a reflection on its arguments againft them, were ia- 

wifdom and ju(lice» or to encou- eluded in the preamble of this billt 

rage treafons, and treafonable prac- which, beddes the general ftrga- 

tices, by not 'carrying into execn- ments that we have already leca 

tion the meafures recommended by upon this fubjeAy was fupportcd 

Parliament. upon the new ground, that the iBode 

All thefe refolutions, which may of informality before objeded to 

be feen in the Votes of the Houfe of upon this quedion, of its not being 

Commons, were rejected by a great properly before the Honfe* coold no 

majority ; nor did adminiftration longer have any weight, as it was 

enter much into a difcuflion or re- now introduced by a bill, 

futation of the matter or charges Much law, and many precedeflU 

which they contained. The gene- were difcuflfed, in the conrfe of the 

ral arguments of the turbulence of debates up>on this bill. Thofe who 

the Americans, the difpofition of oppoied the bill, founded their ob- 

the colonies to difclaim all depend- jedions chiefly upon the compe- 

ance on the mother-country, the tency, the excluiive and inherent 

neceflity of fupporting its autho- right of the Houfe of Commonf» 

rity and the dignity of government, in its adjudications in all matters 

ftnd the right of the crown to ila- of that nature ; and that their own 

tion the troops in any pare of the late refolution had already decided 

dominions ; together with the nc- the point, and confirmed the final 

ceflity of their being employed to right of determination to the other 

fopport the laws, where the people houfe.. That however, exdufive 

were in little lefs than a ftate of of that refolution, fuch a meafore 

rebellion, were thofe principally would be illegal and unprecedent- 

made ufe of. There was nothing ed. That the whole time of both 

pleafant in the view of the condud Houfes had been nearly taken op 

of American affairs ; and admini- during the feflion with this fubje^ 

ilration aimed at getting rid of and that as every determination 

the difcuifion as foon as poffible, had been againil it, nothing coold 

and put a negative on, or poflpon- be more extraordinary than. to find 

cd by previous queftions, all thefe it ap,ain agitated, 

refolutions. Precedents were brought on the 

About the fame time, a bill was other fide*, to fhew that fuch an in- 

brought into the Houfe of Lords, terference had been pradlifed by 

by the Earl of Chatham, and read both Hcu:cs ; and the expediency 

once, for rcvcrfmg the adjudica- ar.d even nccclTicy of it in fome 

tions cf the Hrule of Common*, cafes, was urged upon the fame 

whereby John Wilkes, i.fq. has principKs, which we have before 

been judged incapable of being taken notice of in the debates upon 

clcdled a member to lerve in the the motion relative to this fnbjed. 

rrel'ent parliament : and the free- The qucilion was repeatedly called 

holders of the couuiy of Tviiddlefcx for, and being at length put, the 

have been deprived of one of their bill was rcjcded by a great majo- 

lc;jal reprelcniaiives. riiv. A proteil, figned by 33 lords» 

The hiltory of the tranfa^ions upon ths fame ground ak the for* 

i&cr« 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. [93* 






MTi was the confeqaence of this 

A fflotion wz» made a few days 
after by the fame nobleman, for a 
leMguoa to declare, that the ad- 
m which induced the late anfwer 
to be given from the throne to the 
renoofiraocei Sec. from the city of 
London, is of a mod dangerous 
tendency; as thereby the exercife 
of the clearcft rights of the fubjc^ 
to petition the throne for redrefs of 
|rie?aoces ; to complain of the vio- 
ution of the freedom of el^flion ; 
to pray a diffolution of parliament ; 
to point oat mal-pra^ices in admi- 
Billration, and to urge the removal 
of evil miniders; has, under pre- 
tence of reproving certain parts of 
the faid remonilrance and petitiun, 
by the generality of one compcn- 
dioQs word. Contents, been indif- 
criminately checked with repri- 
Qind; and the afflicted citizens of 
London have heard from the throne 
itfelf, that the contents of their 
hamble addrefs, remonilrance, and 
petition, laying their complaints 
and injuries at the feet of their fo- 
verciga, as father of his people, is 
cooGdered as difrcfpedlful to him- 
^Iff injurious to his parliament, 
tnd irreconcileable to the princi- 
ples of the conftitution. 

To this motion it was objefled, 
^at bo h Houfes had already ad- 
<Irefred the throne with their thanks, 
for the very anfwcr which it was now 
propofed to them to condemn ; that 
focha proceeding would not only be 
repugnant to order, but repugnant 
(0 common fenfe; that the anfwcr 
fiiveo to the city upon this occa- 
uon, was conformable io the an- 
f*ers given in feveral former reigns, 
^'hicb were fpecified, in iimilar 
^s ; and that no caufe could now 
b€ iffigned in fupport ^f this ffica- 



fore, which did not equally fubiift 
at the time that this queftion had 
been agitated before. 

On the other fide it was faid, thac 
as infallibility was not the lot of 
human nature, fo it was no impa- 
tation on their underdanding, nor 
degradation of dignity, to acknow- 
ledge an error ; the conditution did 
not fuppole their refolutions per- 
fect ; and experience continually 
fhcwed, that afts which were plan- 
ned with the utmod circumfpe^ion 
in one fcllion, were abfolutely ne- 
cedary to be repealed in the next ; 
yet this alteration in opinion is 
never confidered as injurious, either 
to the accurncy of their judgments, 
or to the probity of their hearts. 
Thac it had been advanced with 
triumph, that the anfwer in quef- 
tion was iimilar to the anfwers 
given in the reigns of the Stuarts, 
to firoilar applications of their fub- 
jefts for redrefs of grievances : but 
are thcfe the princes that are to be 
held up as patterns to poderity ? 
And are thcie no precedents fuited 
to the prcfcnt times to be found b«c 
in their reigns ? There was a pre- 
cedent at hand adapted to the pre* 
fent quedion, which, however it 
had not been thought proper to re- 
coiled ; a precedent worthy of the 
man who elUblidicd it. '1 his wai 
the cafe of the Kentift) petition ; in 
compliance with which. King Wii* 
liam didblved the parliament, to 
let the nation fee he had no double 
game to play ; and to diew, thac as 
he had no intered feparate from the 
intered of his fubjefts, all parlia- 
ments were alike acceptable to him, 
that were agreeable to the widies 
of the kingdom. But at prefent, 
governmfnt feems delighted in op- 
pofing the widies of the people. 
Ireland, after its money is taken 

a^i y. 



•94] ANNUAL REGISTER, rrjo: 

away» is deprived of its parliament, folutions relative to the A 

though the nation is unanimous for affairs, vrere propofed by tl 

. its fitting ; and England, where the of Richmond, nearly fimilat 

^neral voice calls out for a dilTo- which we took notice of 

lution, is to be b!eA, aguind its Houfe of Commons*, but 

will, by a continuance of its re- larger fcale, and in which a 

prefentatives. number of objeds of eoou 

The miniflers were remarkably particularized : all ofwhid 

ilent in the courfe of this day's dc- the heaviell cenfures^ as w 

bate ; and though repeatedly called the mcafures prefcribed at 1 

upon, and urged by the moll pro- the condud purfued. in the 

Tokiiig taunts to vindicate their tion of them in the colonies, 

m^'afures, abflained from all dif- refolutions were introduced 

cnflion, and repeatedly called for vere obfervations on the co 

the quedion. They faid in ge^ne- adminiftration, who havin; 

ral» that all thefe billf, addrcfHrs, cularly recommended, the 

and rclolutions, were lubllantially can aliairs to their aaentio 

the fame, which the Houfe had fre- fpeech from the throne, 

quently well confidered and rcjc<fk- knowledged them lo be of 

rd ; and that it would be only en- mod importance ; yetthe fe 

couragino a dif^^iontion to ciidlcG been fpcnt, and this great 

civil., to enter into debate upon been totally ncgleftcd ; not 

the (^iTki: iitatier, as ofccn as in^e- as a mc:ion has been mad* 

Ulcus people cculd give it a ne\y on the contrary, when th( 

ihape. Mary poin^^, not imme- of the frivolous and trifiin 

diatelv conncOcJ with the fubjcd, nue adis was brought bei 

were introduced ; n;any charges 1 Joule, every enquiry was 

made, and a fecret and undue in- evaded, that could lead 

flucnce much complained of: the fmalleft knowledge of the fi 
^ueiiion was ovcr-iuLd by ai.)Out The nobleman who pre 

the ufual majority. the head of the American 

A moiion for an addrcfs to the mcnt, being paiticularly i 

'throne, lor a dififclu tion of the pre- in thefe ccnfures, it was r 

icnt parliament, w.hs iimle a few cypcdted that he would hav 

idays after, and broiii;ht on long cd largely into the bufint 

debates, in which all the i^jHc have c.idcavourcJ to cxpl 

grievances and difcontents weie re- vindicate his o^n cc nviucV 

iterated, and the great ncccfUty in ' huv.evcr, was not the cat 

the prcfent fituation of forei^.;r. !i\\6. wuh an acknowledged co 

domeiUc ad'airf, of rclloring har- that he wns pnrticulaily ca 

ipony between the people t.v,s1 their o::, decllnovl ei tcrin^ into 

reprti'cntauves and ilicir hivinj: a cuilion of tha: nature; but < 

parliament in t^hum they could himfrif f:» the prclent cxp 

place a thorough confiicnce, was of Icavi r.g this bufinafs tot 

enforced. This met with the fame fj'leration of the miniftr 

£ite as the former. mir,ht fbrai fome plan du 

-- ^ Near the clofc of the rccels for accocjmodatin^ 

r'^^ *•• fc£on, a number of u- nutters. TIic mixiiftcrs b 

9 




HISTORY OF EUROPE.- [95* 



le tfait lURcn of thii nt- 
becn rcomiiuDdcd to psr- 
rathcr premMoreljr, before 
ilu fcheme kad been fbrm- 
Cf were relblTed, therefore, 
■II retroTpea ; ind accord- 
; lord ia qneftion, of him- 
•cd for an adjourament. 
could not fail to draw out 
ittiog obferrationi and fe- 
ifvM from the other fide, 
bferved, that thoogh Ame- 
fhin had, for tbefe two 
teen a Sanding fubjefl of 
endaiion from the Oirane, 
7 meafure relative to them 
rioued id parliament, while 
iifera Oirnnk back appalled. 
' breath that feemed to whif- 
■nqniry into them ; that in 
: time they had formed no 
or a&ed npon any fjrftem ; 
ned toftomble upon wretch- 
dienciei aed abiurditiei, at 
cidently arofe in their way, 
every new meafure led to 
diforder and confufioa than 
-■er. That for the perfon 
at particularly accufcd, to 
la enquiry into hii own con- 
ly moving br an adjoum- 
wat a manifcA TioIatioD and 
J of juftice, and fuch a pro- 
n of parliament, ai defcrved 
er panifliment dian any ceo- 
uld convey. 

mtniflry refufcd to anfiver, 
»ke any notice of ttie pro> 



poled refeUtiont ; the ^neftion was 

repeatedly called ibr an adjoura- 
ment, and bemg at length put, ma 
carried at afual. 

Thni ended tkii feffion w 
of parliament ; the pioro- *'' *'" 

fation having taken place next day. 
D the fpeecb from the throne, tbe 
temper which had condofied all 
the proceeding) of parliament, wai 
greatly approved ; and the happiet 
effect expeded from the firmacisi 
at wcit at the moderation, which 
they had mantfefted in the very cri- 
tical circomibincet which attended 
thnr late deliberation t. An a£ii> 
ranee wat given, that in all erenti* 
it Ihould be made the firft and cob- 
ftant objea of caret to watch orer 
the interefti, and to prelerre ut- 
diminilhed the righci of the people. 
And it wat earnellly recommended 
to exert in their relpefUve countiea 
the fame zeal and prudence which 
they had (hewn in parliament, for 
promoting the peace and welfare of 
the kingdom : that nothing can be 
To favourable to the wifhei of thofo 
who look with jealoofy on tba 
ftrength and pn^perity of thii 
country, at the prevalence of ani- 
moGtiei and dilTenfioni amongft 
ourfelveii and to make it there- 
fore their care to difconntenanca 
every attempt to infafe groundlela 
fufpicioni and difcontent into ths 
mindt of their fellow-fnbjedi. 



C H R O- 




[ «5 ] 



HRONICLE. 



JANUARY. 

rH E Cornifh petition 
wai prefented to his 

hjr the high fherilF, at- 

by Sir John Si. Aubin, 
' Jonn Molefivorth, Barti, 

of the Ihire. Mr. Serj. 

Thomas Pitt, Chriltopher 
and William Ellis, Efq; 

fame day the Yorklhire, 
erOiire, Somerfetfliire, Nor- 
fland, Corowall, Newcaftle, 
lol petitions, were prefenicd 
WajeRy, at St. James'), to- 
with a protcft of the corpo- 
of Liverpool, againft the 

procured from that city, 
other*. 

Wm. Williams, of Lao- 
Jovery, mercer, togeiher 
elve other perfons, dilguiled 
^oneri frocks, and armed 
lloU, fA'ords, cuclalTss.and 
cks, came lo the dwelling- 
* William Powell, of Gla- 

xa the county of Carmar- 
'q; and knocked a: ihe back 
Upon its being opened, 
I Williams, and two of the 
lliins, rulp.cd into the par- 
vhllft Others fiood eentr^} 
Ir. Powell was fitting wiiit 
•' hu neighbour!, and in- 
ly ftabbed'him in nine dif- 
•?.r:s of his bndy, till his 

c:imc out, eut ofT Wu 
id almoftone of his hinds. 
3p1e wbo were wllti him, 

xiii. 



were To frightened, that they made 
no refiflancc, but immediately raa 
out i the alTalLni then retreated, 
without atlc^mpting to hurt any 
other perfon. The following day 
i^veral pe:Icns lollowed their foot- 
Repi in the fnow, and took parti- 
cular notice of the imprellion and 
Hze of their (hoei. The villaias 
avoided all homes and p^ihi, and 
went over bogs, moraffes, and 
mountains, for abiui four com- 
puted miles, till ihey came to the 
houfe of one Chirles David Vlor- 
gan, but being tracked no farther, 
he was taken up and brought before 
the coroner, where he gave a fair 
account of himlcif; but one of 
hii fhoes bring taken off, and 
e of the 



mprcm 



s takei 



1 the 



fnow, he was committed on fufpi- 
cion ; and foon after confefled the 
fadl, and dlfcovered fit: <'f the ac- 
complices; whereupon Sir William 
Manlel, Bart, and other gentlemen, 
immediately armed, and went with 
their ferv^nts in purfuit, and looi: 
five of them. One of the villains 
confeffed that they were thirteen 
in number : and they were all hired 
by Williams to murder Powell, and 
not to rob the houfe. This Wil- 
liams, in Ajgud 176S, went wiih 
Mr. Powdl'j v.i;,;, and took her 
a:id h'.T children from the board- 
ing-fchcol to London ; and Mr, 
Powell ivas obliged to apply to the 
court of King's -Bench, for a ba- 
IF] beai 



661 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



beas corpus, to get at his children ; 
and by the recommendation of the 
court, allowed hrr icx>l. a year 
for a feparate maintenance. Wil- 
liams laid feveral fchemes in order 
to take away Mr. Powell's life, and 
attempted to (hoot him feveral 
times. The villains met, on the 7th 
inftant. in Charles David Morgan's 
hoofe, and continued there till they 
Went the following evening to mur- 
der Mr. Powell. One of the viU 
lains was difpatched by A^lliams 
that very night to inform Mr. Pow- 
ell's brother with what was done^^ 
and ordering him to come and take 

?oircffion of the eftate. But, Mr. 
owell having made a will, and 
appointed guardians over his chil- 
dren, their fchcme was defeated. 

^bout fix o'clock this morning, 
a mod dreadful fire broke out at 
MefiTrs. Johnfon and Payne, book- 
fellers, in Pater- nofter Row, which 
totally confamed the faid houfe, 
Mr, Cock's, printer, Mrs. Bate- 
tnan's, and Mr. Upton's, an auc- 
tioneer, (late the Cafile Tavern) 
backward ; in which lafl-mentioned 
houfe was kept the bibles, com- 
mon-prayers, &c. belonging to the 
proprietors of the Oxford prcfs, to 
the amount of 10,000 1. ard up- 
ward, together with a number of 
books belonging to Mr. Crowder, 
bookfeller, adjoining, whofe houfe 
is alfo damaged, as was many 
others. 

. This d-iy his MajeHy went 
^•"' to the Houfe of Peers, and 
having opened the parliament with 
the ulual folemnity, made a moil 
gracious fpeech, from the throne, 
to both houfes. For the fpeech, &c. 
fee the article of State Papers. 
. Petitions from ine follow- 

^ * !ng places were prefented to 
kif MajcAy at St. James •« vis. from 



Devon(hire, by Sir Richard 
wick Bamfylde, Bart, and 
Parker, Efq; members for 
county : from Derbyfiiire, by 
Gecrge Cavendifli, member ft 
county : from Glouceflerfiiirc 
Sir William Codrington, 
from Wiltfiiire, by Edward 
ham. and 7 homas Goddard, I 
members for that county : 
Hercfordihire, by Thomas F 
jun. Efq; member for the coon 
The houfe of two wealth) 
men, brothers, on the fea-co 
Somerfetfhire, was broke opei 
robbed of 1 200 1. 

At the Guild of Merchao 
Dublin, the following refoli 
were aereed to : 

Refolded unaniwuujly^ That 
not only the undoubted right 
highly becoming, and of | 
utility, for all members of \ 
(late, and more -efpecially 1 
corporate, to attena to, and 
fionally declare, their fenfe ol 
lie meafures. 

Re/ol'ved unanimoujlj^ That 
the duty of the conftituents, 
ftrudl their reprefentatives ii^ 
matter of national concern. 

Re/ohed, That the late { 
prorogation of the parliamc 
this kingdom, was untimel 
as much as it has impeded th 
grefs of many new, and pnei 
the revival of many old law 
the benefit, advantage, and 
iecurity of the internal | 
commerce, trade, and ma 
turcs of this kingdom. 

Rf/olvt'd, 1 hat this corpc 
do inilruf't their reprefentati 
parliament, on the prefent 
mitous fituatioD of tnis cit] 
kingdom ; and that fuch expc 
as may be judged neceflary t 
rent the like diilreb hereafi 




CHRONICLE. 



[«J 



J to tlKm, for tbeir future 

DCIlt. 

Aboac 7 o'clock in the 
erening, Newboctle-abbey, 

of the moll Hon. the Mar. 
LothiaD, was difcovered to 
6re. It made its firft ap- 
e in the norch-eaft wing, 

the parkt, but bad got lo 
height ticfore it was diH-o- 
that there was no poffibility 
ig all that part of the houfc, 
re barnt with prodigioui 
t, till about two ia the 
;, when its fury was Aopt 
OQ^ party-wall, which gave 
ortiinity of faving part of 
fe. The family were in the 
: the time: they llaid till 
two, when my lord and 
me to loivn. The \oh on 
aCon muft be very great, 
e piflurei in the great gal- 
re all pulled down, and 
*cr the windows, and fuf- 
reat damage ; ihe library, 

furniture of the principal 
ats, and indeed alnioft 
ling elfe, cither fuffcred the 
c, or were confumed by the 

Ig the fire, the following 
oly accident happened. 
the milkri of Nci^boitle. 
n hearing the bell, ran to 
. alGAancc. His wife, who 
■udinary, having gone lo* 

locked the door of his 
:er him. 0:i his teiurn he 
■r dead, lying in the chim- 

would appear the had got 
t her fright had thrown 

a fie. to which the was 
bjetl ; and that unfortu- 
le had f..llen into the fire, 
e WIS burnt to deiLth. 

The Duke of Beaufort 
eltgned his poll of roaltei 
<rfe to the queen. 



The Earl of Coventrjr Jim re- 
ligned hii poR of one of^ the lords 
of the bed-chamber to hts ma- 
jelly. 

The MarquJ! of Granby reCgned 
a!I his place:-, except his regiment 
of blues. 

The Duke of Manchefler re- 
figned his employment as one of 
the lords of the bed-chamber. 

The Earl of Huntingdon hit 
place of groom of the Aole. 

The Right Hon. James Gren- 
vJlIe refigned hi^ poll of one of 
the vice-treafurers of Ireland. 

About five o'clock yellerdiy, the 
Lord-Chancellor received a melTags 
from the fecretary of Hate's office, 
defiring, in bis majefty's name, that 
he would deliver up the Teals that 
evening at fevcn o'clock : his lord- 
fhip accordingly, attended with a 
proper regalia, waited on his ma- 
jefiy at the queen's palace, and de- 
livered them into hi] own hands. 

Mr. Dunning, folic! tor-general 
to his Majefty, religned that em- 
ployment; but continues lo offi- 
ciate till another is appointed. 

The petition of the freemen and 
principal inh^bitanis of Liverpool, 
was prefented to his Majefty, by 
their worthy memben Sir William 
Meredith, and Richard Pennant, 
Efq. This petition is faid to be 
figned by near looo freemen, Itc. 
The proteft of the corporation by 
not more than 450. 

A RulEmminofwar ofSogont. 
was brought into Porirmouch dock, 
to be cut down 10 a third rate, ai 
at prefent Ibe is fo crank Ihe canooc 
carry fall. 

The reals were this day delivered 

in eouncil, by his Majcltv, to the 

Ri^ht Hod. Charles Yorke, Efqj 

ho was alio created Lord Mor- 



"in ' 



TU 



6S] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177(5. 



The Right Hon. Sir John Cuft, 
refignf d his office of fpcakcr of ihc 
Houie of Commons, on account 
of his ill ilate of heaUh. 

The fefliuns ended at the 
0!d-Bailcv» when cloven 



20th. 



which «nppeared to fall towards th€ 
earth, in an oblique diredlion, fat 
above half a minute* burning at h 
fell, and had in appearance a lon^ 
fiery tail. During that time, the 
hemifphcre was illuminated to fach 



prifoners received fcntcnce cf a degree, that you might have per- 

death: twenty-five weic ordered to ccived a pin on the ground. After 

be tNinTported for feven years, and this ph^ncnomcnon had difappcared, 

one for fourteen years, two branded 

in the hand, two to be privately 

wlilpc, and eighteen difchargcd by 

proclamation. 

'J his evening, at five o'clock, 
died the Ri^^ht Hon. Charles Yorke, 
Loid Morticn, Baron of M^rden, 
in the county of Cambridge, and 
Lord -CIn nee Jor of Great Britain, 
in the 4Sth year of his aj^c. He 
was fon to the U:e Lord- Chancellor, 
tlie Karl of Ilardwickc ; and had 
enjoyed his place ioT (o fliort a time, 
that the patent for his peerage 
co'jjj not have been made out. Ills 
c-n;i:^cnt abilities; are well known. 
It is faiJ his LorJilliip's death was 
Occafioned by the burfting of a 
blood vcirv,*!. 

The iccleiy for encourage- 
ment of irts, mancfafturcs, and 
commerce, g.ive a g ^Id medal, en- 
graved by Mr. Pii'g >, to' Mr. j.imcs 
tn^Hlh, for the cultivation of 
rliubarb in l'lnj;l.inJ. 

n Sir Sidn.y otnfr'ivd S my the, 

' ■ :hc lJ(in. l!ir.:y D.r.hiirft, r.nJ 
Si: Kir herd Ar:.-:^. wltc tliis day, 
by i^i , ninjv:l" in ciunc:!, ap- 
pninicJ Cri'Ti-i.'i v.i'i'^ f'T the cut'- 

t'''«' fif •!(* fi"r'. * V.'i-l ^«l ,.rt 
<<. • |l| LI. I. VJ iLllL K, ,.. I f 1 1^- 

L*- :i Itf.tT from ^"orl:, i-. t', 



,, I 



aio inliT:.: .i!. l:» i; t!-.:s i.' I' 



:iii:.r.'3 n.ittrr, 



l.r.'c bill (.i 



1:1 






i.'..!l { .' frr, v.r.-. f.l>:r rv.-.i in tiic 
p=:: '.f :!;: hi"»r; ";n of Ivi.i:-. r- 



a 



• 1 



an uncommon loud rumbling Doife 
was heard, much ftke the falling 
of a building, or a clap of thunder; 
but as the horizon was at that tine 
remarkably clear, it was the gene- 
ral opinion there, that it was aa 
earthquake, as fcvcral windcmi 
were Ihaken. The aurora borealii 
appeared remarkably luminous aH 
the evening. 

About the fame time, this phe- 
nomenon was feen by fcveral per- 
fons in that city, who alio heard a 
rumblintr noifc, and felt a tremor 
of the earth. 

Lord Mansfield, who had, bf 
virtue of a commiflion under the 
Great Seal, been appointed lo fup- 
ply the place of Lord-Chancellor, 
or Lord keeper, in the Houfe of 
Peers, took his place accordingly. 

A lire, occafumcd by the negli- 
gence of the liable- keeper, broke 
out in the ftibles of his Grace the 
Dnice of Norfolk, at Workfop- 
MaTor, in Nottirgliamfhire, which 
c.tlrclv I' n"jnied the fame. Two 

m 

horse*? wcr.^ fv> burned, that thcv 
are fince do:ii!, and the rell were 
wiili r.:.''at iiitiicuUy prefer ved. 

lii? r.]: jc.'y came to the • 

}]:>\i(t: 01 I'c.fs; and being ' 

fi.T.'.il 01 lie thro'ic, commanded 

M:i r....;:., Mc-ly ncu-v, gentleman 

i.\:- r o* :•!■: M:;ck rod, to let the 

(.. r..~ ,. .. ' .s .^^ i; :^ i-;^ M.>jcfty'i 

pir.i'.jic O'.t'y ii*iei..l him inimedi- 
:,-t!y. \\*'.y \v\r.g come. Sir 
I !tli.l.cr Nor:c"] vts prcfcnted.at 




CHRONICLE. 



[69 



»ker, to hli Majefty. who aod hii Grace continaes Heady in 
cionfly pleared to approve fupport of the meafuiei of govern- 
lice. ment. 

A great mortality prevail) The river Rhone, in FrancCf 
imong the Ruffian failorj fwcUed higher than has been known 
fmouth ; where many of in the memory of man, 
i»c been on board four Hii Majelly went to the ' . 
and now begin to ficken Hoofc of Peers, aiiended 'S"""- 
that it has been determined by his Grace the Duke ofAncaller, 
them by turns : and Hilfey and Lord Bruce, and gave the royal 
I are alTowcd them for that affeit to the billi which were pre- 

It is faid, [hat nut Icfs pared. 

I die daily. Dr. Mufgrave was heard before 

About half an hour after the H. of C— — m, relative to the 

:cn, a tire broke out in the information he hid to produce on 

rehotife belonging to Mr. the fcore of the late peace; and 

Stetle, on Bennrt's-hill. what he then delivered, was voted 

in the highcll degree friroloui and 

unworthy of credit. 

This night it lightened fa fur- 

prizingly in this city, that the oliieQ 

perfons living, do no: remember 

ving feen it equalled 

before, even in the hottelt fealon, 

Thja day a petition from . 



agl's-wharf, oppotJte 
liere the dreadful fire hap- 
ai the oil warehoufe ir 
■Ilreei, a few months ago 
■DM were fo rapid, that i 
con fumed the warehoufe, 
veral dwell in g-houfes be- 
hat and St. Peter's Hill j 
j's church alb caught fire 
limes, but w 



the city of Cox 

s preferved by prcfented to his Majclly. 

iiyot tne Bremen ; and the An earthquake, in the idand of 

i>e was got under by one St. Maura, in Greece, has lately 

there being luckily plenty deft roved 700 hcufcs; moft of the 

'(, and great alCllance in- inhabitants kverc buiied under the 

eady. As few perfons were ruins. 

when the lire broke ont. From St. Chriftopher's we learn, 

alio no Hies were loft, that on the 24ih of Oilober, feveti 

His Grace the Duke of members of the: general alTembly 

3rafton religned hii poll nf of that illanij, having, on fome de- 

d of the ircafury, to the bate, ijuitted the houfe in an ab- 

neni of the whole nation, rupt and indecent manner, wera 

afe ii vaiioufly reported : ordered into the cuftody of the 

r,(0 avoid being refjHinfible ferjeant at .nrms : that <m their 



lolly 

: others, that a great pcr- 
wa« diipleaftd with the 

fmi&ion ot LoiJ C n, 

anothrr lit pcrfon was 

on to fuccePii him. B-- 

it may. Lord North was 

ttely appointed in his room i 



:fuU\ to m.ikc rubmilTion t 
houfe, they were committed to the 
common gaol, where they wltc con- 
fined ; five diys sfter ivhich, ihcy 
were expelled 'the hfuL', and dif- 
charged from tiicir imprilonnient : 
that on their coming out of priun,. 
a freac concouiie ot people afTcm- 

\n 3 bk4 



7o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770; 



bled in the paflure, where a large 
bonfire wis made, in which they 
burnt two effigies : and that on the 
17th of November, came on the 
eledlion of four members for the 
parifli of St. George's, BaiTeterre, 
in the room of the expelled mem- 
ber5, when the fame gentlemen 
were re eleAed without oppofition. 
to the great joy of the freeholders, 
who gave an elegant entertainment 
on the occafion. 

The general affcmbly of North 
Carolina was difToIved three days 
after its meeting in November laft, 
by his Excellency William Tryon» 
'Efy; the governor. 

The diflemper among the horfes 
rages with great violence ; in the 
neighbourhood of Camberwell, 
Peckham, Dulwich, &c. no lets 
than 50 Lave lately died. The 
<li(lcmprr among the horned cattle 
has only been heard of in and near 
Weftminfter. 

Died lately, at Leeds in York- 
ihire, one Mary Denton, who lived 
in an alms-houfe there ; her em- 
ployment ufed to be to carry out 
jneat for the butchers, for which 
ihe received one half-penny a turn ; 
after her death ihere were found, 
fewed up in her doath?, one hun- 
dred Queen Anne's guineas. 

At Tregony in Cornwall, Mr. 
Richard (on, aged I02. 
^ In Cornwall, Mr. George Wil- 
liams, aged 109. 

In Eflcx Street, White- Friars, 

Mrs. Jacki'on, aged upwards of loo. 

At Rainford in Lancafhire, Jo- 

fhua fiibby,'in the 105th year of 

his age. 



pledged themfelves to the pub 
that they will perfevere in avail 
themfelves „ as far as in them 1: 
of every right, and every pen 
with which the conftitution 
armed them, for the good of 
whole, in order to obtain full rel 
for the injured electors of Gr 
Britain, and full fecurity, for 
future, againft the lave mofi d] 
gerous ufurpation upon the rights 
the people; which, by fappingi 
fundamental principles of this f 
vernment, threatens its total dil 
lution. 



FEBRUARY. 

3 The following noble lords 
have iblcmnly declared tad 



Dukes 
Richmond 
Mancheder 
Dcvonihire 
Northumberland 
Bolton 
Portland 

Marqui/s 
Rockingham 

Earls 
Thmct 
Aylesford 
Suffolk and Bert 

(hire 
Huntingdon 
Chatham 
Coventry 
Radnor 
Scarborough 
Stamford 
Temple 
Dartmouth 
Berkeley 
Effingham 
Stafford 
Aibemarle 
FitzWilliam 
Abingdon 
Tankcrville 



Vifcount 
Torrington 

Bijh9fs 
John Bangor 
Fred. Exon 

BaroMt 
Lyttelton 
Grofvenor 
Abergaveao; 
Audley 
Wycombe 
Camden 
Chedworth 
Craven 
Archer 
Romnejr 
I'revor 
Sondes 
Boyle 
King 
Fortefcae 
Monfon 
Ponfonby 
MiltOQ 
Hyde 

TiUir 
Earl of Bad 




CHRONICLE. • [71 

kA mo tnnfporti arrived weighiag in the whole upwards of 

cad from Petcrfburgh. with nwo ions, were many of them rent 

) RufliaQi Ibldien on board. like paper, and all carried awajr 

teBt three more tranfportt with great velocitj' entirely over tlw 

>m (he above place with 8 (aid roof, and fjrlling on the op* 

(Den more. We bear the polite fide, carried with it fevetal 

are to be encamped on yards of the parapet will. 
h-Sea common. There are One of the patriotic flierifia de« 
t'* hofpital upwards of 400 dared in a great afTembly, that he 
Oiould refule to pay the land-tax 
4 great riot happened thit in a county that wai not repre- 
' at Chirk in Denbigl (hire, fented ] and it it faid he will cer- 
e the execution of the mi- lainly try the confetjaeace of abid- 
in that county. Near 300 ing by the refoIuiiDn. 
neo, armed with clubi and A moll {plendid entertain- ,1 
k«, alTembled at the meet- ment 'wai given at the Man- ^ ' . 
he juftice), and, drove away Jion-hsufe, by the Right Hon. the 
tables, who were about to Lord Mayor, at which a numerouj 
n their lills; and after in* and brilliant alTcmbly of the firll 
the genilemen prefent, and quality in the kingdom were pre- 
l the wiodewi of the houfe fent. The ball in the evening wat 
liey met, difperfed without opened by the Duke of Devon{hire 
lamige. and the Lady Mayoreis. The 
fhe Suppirttrg of the Bill dancing continued till twelve, when 
Rights met at the London a very grand fupper was lerved up 
when Serjennt Gtynn, the in the Egyptian Hall, with a line 
1, acquiinied the focieiy, deiTert, and a curioui piece of con- 
remittance of 1500I. had feftionary. After fupper, part of 
id into the hands of Sir the company went into the ball- 

Hankey and Co. banker* room, and continued dancing till 

hurch-llreet, for the ufe of near five o'clock on Saturday 

ty, by order of the aOembly morning ; at which time the whole 

> Carolina, who had voted company departed, highly fatisficd 
with the elegancy of the entertaiD- 

Grace the Dutchefi of ment, the order and regularitywilh 

iberlmd religned her office which it was condufled, and the 

if the Udies of the bed- polite behaviour of the Lord Mayor 

to the Queen. And the and Lady Mayorefs. There were 

y her pt.ice wat fuppjied prefent the Duke and Dutchefi of 

.'ountefsof Holderneft. Portland, the Duke and Dutchefi 

morning the pjriQt church of Richmrnd, the Duke and Dutch- 

ngbridge, Hants, was much cfi of Bolton, the Duke and Ducch- 

{ by a tornaiio, which en- ef) of Queenlbury, the Duke and 

ripped the kad off the Dutchefs of Manclicfter, the Duke 

eor the roof of the middle and Dutchels of Northiimbcrland, 

,m the tower evcrn ro the Earl Temple. Earl of Suffolk, Lord 

r ; the guit of wind was To Camden, Lord LjiieltO!), General 

that tiM Ihect) of lead, Paoli, iheRdfiansmbalfador. L(»xl 



72] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

George Sackville, and many other There was the falieft Hoole of 
noblemen ; alfo Mr. JuIticeWillcSy Commons chat has been knowi. 
Sir G.orge Savile, Edmund Burke, No lei's than 45 1 members were juc- 
Eiq; and feveral oiher members of fent. By a lift in the Court Calci- 
the Houie of Commons, and their dar 192 hold places under the go* 
ladies. The following aldermen vernment, and it is affirmed npM 
were alfo prefent. Sir Charles Af- the bell authority, that the Dumber 
•giil. Sir VVilliam Stephenfon, Sir of public oiiices is now double CO 
Robert Kite, Samuel 'i'urner,* El'q; what it was in 1740. 
Brais Crolby, Elq; Thomas Hali- Five of the eleven capital ^ 
iax, Efq; James Townfend, Efq; convicts were this day exe- * 
and his lady» John SawbriJge, Efq; cuced at Tyburn; the oilier fil 
and his lady, and a great number were reprieved, 
of merchants with their ladies. It After the execution a great dlf- 
is thought there never was fo nu- turbance happened, in confequenec 
ineroui and brilliant a company at of a hcarfe being placed near the 
the Manf: )n-houre before. gallows, in order to receive the 

^ . Oil Thurlday evening a body of Dunk the foldier, whicli 
"' ' remiifkabie caufe was tried fume of his comrades imagioiog 
before Sir J. Eardly VVilmot, in the was fent there by the furgeons, they 
Court ol* Common Picas at Guild- knocked down the undertaker, and, 
hall, whcie a travelling dealer in after beating his men, drove of 
filks was plainiiH^, and a riding with the body along the New Road» 
cuilom houie officer, who lives at attended by a prodigious conccarfe 
Darttord in Kent, was defendant, of people, till they came to the 
The adlion was brought for the end of Gray*s-Inn-lane, where tbey 
defendant (ex officio) ftopp^ng the buried the corpfe, after firft break- 
plaintiff on the Greenwich road, as ' ing its legs and arms, and throwing 
be was coming to London, and a large quantity of unflacked line 
taking his horfc, faddle, bridle, a into the coffin and the grave, 
pair of bags, containing iz pieces On Wcdnclday laft came on at 
of handkerchiefs, and a large parcel, Wellminflcr. a caufe wherein a 
containing 27 pieces of filk ; all maid fcrvant was plaintiff, and her 
which the ofHccr took along with miftrcfs defendant ; the adion was 
him to Oartf'oid before he ex.i- brought for her miilrcfi ill-creating 
mined, a:id fent the poor man to her; when, after a trial of three 
town o'l loot. Uii examination, the hours, the jury brought in a vcr- 
go(-ii^ appciircd 10 h:ivc been ma- did of 50 I. damages. 
nutaC'tJied in Spiiair-cUs. On the La (I v.tek, at a Guild holden at 
tri.l it was proved thra the officer J>er«\i(.k, before the worlhipful John 
haii uicd the plaintiff* very ill, ar.d Burn, Kfq; Mayor, it w'as ordered, 
had (nri-atened to hbw \i'\:, brains that thi^ ficcdom of that corpora- 
out —A I icr a full heaiirg on both tion ihould immediately be pre- 
fiJes, tile jury lnougiit in a verdict fcnted to the prcfcnt Lord Mayor 
for the plain:! if, v^itii fidl value tor of the city of London, and to Sir 
all iiib fi.i;-, horc, lui^lc, &c. and Jofeph Ma a bey, IJart. 
. 93 1 tor the afi'iuli ; in ail 180I. Col. WcJdeiburn, brother of 
iv;:h full colls cfiuic. Counfellor Wcddcrburn^ U ap- 

pointed 




CHRONICLE. 



[73 



commander in . chief of 
B. the £>& Indift company'* 
u BrngaU 

a committee for building 
Friars bridge, on calling Dp 
cipti of ihe toll for the lall 
r, it amounted lo the Turn 
>oI. per ann. And aa it i) 
probable that it will be very 
;rably increalciJ on the pal'- 
:-eing completed, (here ii a 
oTpc^l ihai in a faw yean (he 
debt on (he bridge, uhich ta 
47,ocol.witl b; difchargcd, 
te paCjge made free. 

His Majelljr went to the 
Houfe of Peers, and gave 
yytl iSeat to the lotlo»'ing 

t bill for granting an aid to 

IijcDy, by a Und-tax to be 

in tireat-Britain, for the 

! 0! liic prerent year. 
: bill (o continue the duciei 
lit, mum, cyder and perry, 
tlervice of (he preicni year. 
! bill to purifh mutiny and 
ion, and tor the belter pay- 
of the arroy and their quar- 

; bill for regulating his Ma- 
marine foicei when on Ihore. 
: bill to indemnify perfons, 

by order of Council, fi.r 
Itirg the fpreading of the 
'iout difvemper amongll the 
i cattle. 

; Lill to enable Lcrd George 
-.lie, and his iffue male, to 
ind ufe ilie fjrname of tier- 

purl'i>ir,[ to (he ivill of Lady 
ie:n (Jrrmain, deceafed. 
j alio to fevcral naturaliza- 
ilU. 



infortur 



who V 



:red bv hij wife on 'I hurfdav 
I Pitrpole hnc. had his f/.uil 
red bj iier in tl.tee pl^icc!. 



with a board on which he cot Odt 
his work. He wai a clog ftrap- 
maker, and ha^ lived very unhap- 
pily with the woman ^r fome 
(ime ; (he often threatened to mat* 
der him, and on Ihe night the hor- 
rid aCl was committed, abufed hhn 
in a violent manner. It is fap- 
pofed Ihe killed him in hii fleep, 
a] ihc neighbours heard no noife 
after eleven o'clock, and Ihe waked 
tAo of thcni about four o'clock 
with a complaint, that her poor 
hufoand wai dying ; on which they 
went to his aliiflance, and finding 
him a mo:i (hocking fpectade, im- 
mediately charged her with the 
tail, nhich, after forae time, Ihe 
confeirud. 

On Thurfday night five „ . 
men went on board the ' ' ' 
Mary 2nd Ifahdla Well Indiaman. 
Cape. Fearloii, in the river, and 
were deicdled Healing tobicco, Sic. 
The creiv attacked them, llruck 
one of I'.e thieves with a hand- 
t'pike on the head, and killed him 
en the fpoi ; another, in jumpng 
lo the boat, fell into the Thames, 
and was drowned; the oiher three 
tumbled the wounded man into the 
boat, but finding him dead threw 
him over ; ihcy (hen rowed for the 
flairs at Tower Wharf, where they 
attempted to land, but the ctau- 
rei bein^ called to, he lired at 
them, which obliged them to raw 
aouf-, and land on the Borough 
fide, (rem whence they made their 
efcape. The dead body of the fel- 
low, who was kilU'd with the hand' 
Ipikc, was foon after taken up and 
landed on Tower Wharij he ap- 
pears to be between 70 and So years 
of age, and had on a faiior's 
jicket. 

On Thurfday the money col- 
Icctcd at Liverpool for (he relief 



74] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 



of ihe unhappy fufferers by the 
late dreadful 6re ac Antigua, a- 
mounting to 346 1. 2 s. 6 d. was 
ihipped on board the Favourite, 
Capt. Kevifh, bound for the above 
iiland. 

On Friday an indidment, which 
had been removed by art tor art into 
the Court of King*s Bench, came 
on to be heard befoie Juftice Adon. 
The caufe of adion was a nuifance, 
of a new complexion. A p-rfon 
in the occupation of his trade, 
which is that of a feather-bed 
maker, was indidled for dillurbing 
and annoying his neighbours in 
beating the feathers in the (Ireet 
within the parilh of Sr. Mary le- 
Boi'.e. Several witneflcs were cx- 
aini>^cd, and it appeared plainly to 
the court, ihat this trade, and 
many others fimilar to it, ought 
not to be exercii'ed wiihin the 
flrcets of the metropolis, and that 
they are nuifances, if fo occu- 
pied. 

A mod alarming thunder-dorm 
happened at St. Kcvcn in Corn- 
wall, durin? the time of divine 
fervicc. The lightning (hivered 
the tlecplc, and threw it upon the 
body of the church ; the whole 
congrcoation was druck with ado- 
nidimcnt : many had their cloaths 
fin;^cd by the ficrcenefs of the 
lightning, and fume their watches 
melted. 

A number of journey- 
men hat-dyers aflembled in 
Southward, and took one of their 
brother journeymen into cudody, 
whom they charged with working 
over hours without any more pay, 
and for tdking under price. 1 hey 
cbligcd him to mount an afs, and 
ride through ail the parts of the 
^orcugh where hatters are em- 



19th. 



ployed, and al(b many fire< 
the city : A label was carried 
a pole before him, deootin 
osence ; and a Dumber of 
attended with fiiovels, plajjn 
rough mufic. At all (hopa 
came to in their way of bu 
they obliged the men to ftri 
order to have their wages raif 

In a great political fociet 
qacdion relative to the exp 
and incapacity of a certain p< 
gentleman was finally determ 
The numbers on the lad di 
were 237 to 159, majority 7 
that the expullion, and the 
pacity of that gentleman \ 
cled?d during the prefect P- 
are now declared to be lega 
conditutional. 

The Houfe of Lords have r 
the petition of Mungo Cam 
now prifoner in the Tolboc 
Edinburgh for the murder of 
£glington, praying for a w 
appeal with regard to the coi 
which he diould be tried. 

Yedcrday came on in the 
Court of Common Pleas, 
Wedminder, a remarkable 
when an enfign in the arm 
plaintiff, and a colonel wi 
fendant ; the a^ion was bi 
for falfe imprifonment in 1 
cola, for giving his opinion 
court-martial, agreeable to hi 
fcience : when, after feveral V 
arguments on both fides, a \ 
was given for the plaintifi 
}oo 1. damages. 

Matthew Kennedy and Pa- 
trick Kennedy, who, with 
Michael M*Mahon and John ] 
were indidled for the wilful 
der of John fiigby, a watchn 
Wedminder- bridge, after a ti 
eight hours the two ui;ihapp 




CHRONICLE. 



[75 



ert oaaviAed, and received 
nt to be execmrd on Mod* 
i atcerwards diflefted. 
ntl experienced (erjeantt of 
ri->es It Pord'mouih, have 
le time p>ft beea^mpoved 
airal Elphinllone, in teauh- 
1 RtilTian foldicri on b(>ird 
t, ihe Eaglifh marine exer- 
d minceuvres of fmall armii 
renadoei, &c. aloft snd in 
■t ; a dirdpline with which 
ere heteiofore toiall/ aoac- 



enc time*. Every circa mitance ap. 
peared fo clear on the whole, that 
the defendant was cati in futl da- 
ma!-f) and coll. 

JV^-o. r^ri, D,!. 18. Ai a meet- 
ing of the General Affembly here.' 
Mr. Speaker laid before (iic HoutVf 
a priniMl pi|jer, which wus de- 
livered to him bv ihe Mi.'or'of ihif 
city, direfted la ihi b:tr„yt,{ Inha- 
bitant, „f NctA, Tori, cmi^iniog 



nany refl.f 



J upon 



of [he Affi;mbly, and ( 



the 



Thii t 



ntng > remark- &at\ 



inhabiLi 



induct 
ing the 



then 



ceedingi of (he Houii; ; 
jf King't-bench, Guildhall, Gdering thit paper, ilii 
Lord Chief Jullice Wilmot; the next day voted it 
1 Mr. Duvi], a builder, near ditiaui, and tnfatnous libi 
, was plaintif, and offered a reward of 



AflV-mbly 
fallc, fe- 



Plough, matter of the Swan 

e, in Salilbury court. Fleet- 
defendant. The plaitiiiff', 

le lift, lott a bank note of 

in Fleei-llreet, and, by pro- 
racing ii, difcovered that the 

am had changed it at the 

for a note of 60 1. and the 
calh \ and upoti the plain- 

jplying to the defendant f t 

periy, he refufed 10 reflore 

edging that a perfon had the general 
_ P- i_.,-. _i.- I .. !..._. -J here 



1 houfe whofe bill came 
I crowti, and having 1 



hundred 
_inunds to any perfon who fliould 
difcovcr the author: and likewife 
fifty poundi for difcovering the 
writer of a hand-bill, which con- 
tained many fcandalou) rcfleflions 
on the conduA, honuur. and dig- 
nity of the Houfe. 

Bafltn, Jm. 9. On Thurfday 
lall, his Honour, the Lieutenant- 
Governor was pleafcd to ifluc a 
lam^ition further to prorogue 
-t, which was to 
ithe 1 



, offered hiir 
oce. which he 



inilant, 
to Wednefday the 14.1I1 dav of 
Mirch nMl. ill confequence of hij 
Miijelly'sejcprefs command received 
get changed, and by the lall packet arrived at New- 
le came back the man was York. 
On the trial it appeared. This day came oti the - , 
ok-note had been found by trial of Mango Campbell ^°^"' 
li, who flick billt about the before the Court of Julliciarv at 
c. and they carried it to the Edinburgh, for the murder of Lord 
mt, who gave them a guinea Eglington, when the libel being 
but foon after underllanding found relevant, the priliiner wat 
je of the note, (hey threat- found guilty. 
he defendant till ihey got This day a refpite came lu Necv- 
pouodi from him at diffei- gatCj during hii Majclty'splealurc, 
" for 



7€] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



for Matthew Kennedy, and Patrick 
l^nnedy, who were to have been 
executed this morning, 
g 1 A motion was made in 
the Hoofe of Peers for in- 
creafing the navy, on account of 
the preparations carrying on by 
the neighbouring powers ; but it 
paiTed in the negative by a great 
majority. It has fince been conh* 
ciendy reported, that the court of 
Ivladrid has now adluaiiy in readi- 
ji^U, three powerful fleets, one al- 
ready in the Wert-lndicfs, with 
40:0 regular troops at New Or- 
K^ans"; the other two icady to a£l 
as occafion requires. And it is 
likcwii'e certain, that the French 
]i^vc a confidtrable force in the 
i:landi of Bourbon, ready to fup. 
jjort any attempt they may refclve 
Lp(;n in the EaH-Indics. 

A great number oF officers and 
fjoalrcrns p:eicatcd a petition to 
iis M«ijcily, pr:i/irig an augmen- 
1.1 1 ion 01 their pay, and were gra- 
cljufly received. 

l he right of eledlion of a mi- 
r.:il;r ;o ih: living of Clerkcnuell, 
v>as this day adjud^^ed by the iJa- 
r )u.s of the Exchequer 10 be in the 
iiil.abi^ants paying icot and lot. 

This day ca^Ac on the tiial of 
£ir i'^anci: BernHrJ, Bait, at the 
Cockpit. Whitehall. The articles 
prcfcried a!:;ai:iil him were in the 
liarnc of the Gcvieral Ailembly of 
she j'luvincc of vvhich he was lately 
jinvtrixr; but as ih it Aflcmbly 
ins never been furtcrLd to fic lince, 
tJ.cy ci i.id hot be iup|«>iieJ, and 
tiic O.-vcriiur wai hoiiuur^ibly 



CAiart J. 



'liiis djy ivTurgo Campbell put 
an rid 10 his \\'c, by hanging 
ttiiiiirll in ilic TolbouLh at LJin- 

'ihc flfiions ended a: the Old 



Bailey. At this feffion levei 
foners, including the two for 
der, received judgment of 
Thirty- nine were ordered i 
tranfported for feven yean, 
were branded in the hand, ii: 
vately whipt, and ftxteen del 
upon proclamation. 

They write from Jamaica 
(hocking murder lately comi 
in that iAand. The wife and 
fcer of Mr. Watts, a planter, h 
conlpired together, entered ch 
band's bed-chamber in Dec< 
lad, while he was aflcep, an 
wife having attempted to ci 
throat with a bill, her at 
failed, but the overfeer £i 
him at two blows. They 
wards cloathed him, and c 
him into the woods, where k 
found the next day, brought-] 
and buried, and it being give 
that he had been murdered b; 
bers, the widow clothed J 
in mourning, and made the 
forrowful lamentation. The 
fter, however, in going to 
ilon, loil hii> pocket* bogk, in 
were fome memorandums, tb 
to a dilcovery ; and there 
fume negroes privy to the m 
he was committed to prifon, 
and executed ; and the wid 
loon to Hiare the fame fate. 

A very remarkable pha:nO] 
is related in an article froo 
land, where, in a ihower o 
that happened at Stoipe abo 
latter end of December, 
living inlccls fell with it, fo 
them never feen before ir 
neighbourhood. 

The 1 rcnch papers fpeak 
ren::<rkablc claim made by a 
at V^i'is upon the title and 
of the famous Count d'Li 
who in thj late war >\a^ a p: 




CHRONICLE. 



[77 



andt and went from hit body, which exceeded two thou' 

and afterwards command- fand, all active, bold perfons^ waa 

»dran in the Well Indies, at Fouro. We expcil tomorrow 

IcT it feemi had been bred fiY liuiJred men from N)'an, 

e Foundling Hofpiml ; to which, i; it hoped, wilt put a £nai 

ernori of which, the old flop tn this unhappy afiir, 

.« Father direfled a kit-r Married la;ely, Mr. Jo/5.ih Whi- 

(i) deaita, the coniencs of taker, aged 94, to Mi.i Sally Ber- 

uthenticated ihe birth and rybridgc, of Peckham, aged 16; 

,cy of a child particularly Mr. VVhilakcr i) poffelTed of a 

d under their care ; with fortune of 50,000!. 

li lion, that the Moiherw.is Die^i, At Hollingbury, in EC- 

ean family ; that he, the (ex, Mr. William Salmon, aged 

bad married her in hts H4 ; he had married ten wives, 

had this child by her, but the lafl of whom furvivei. 

•rwudi prevailed on her to At Leigh near Liverpool, Ellia 

iAl her connefli^ns ; that Brandwood, aged 102. 

fince married a lady of fa- In Ne.v-llrcet, St. Gilei, John 

id fortone ; and that it was M'DonaU, a}>cd 108. 

■y, in order to conceal his At Great Bivington, in North- 

rriage, to commit the child umberland, Eleanor Lawfon, wi- 
firft, privately to the care 
public ; that upon the evi- 
of ihis tetter, a fuit had 
immenced, and that it was 
ition iu one of their conrts 



dow of John Lawfon, aged lOj. 



MARCH. 



This diy came on at . 

Doflors Commons the lb 
' *f a Letter /rem Geneva, much lalltcJ of caufe between Lord 
daltd Fehaarj 16. and Lady Grofvenor. for the ad- 

m\$biUty of a libel, which by the 
:rday, at three, a »ery dan- lady's council was admitted, and 
feditino broke out in this thereby an end wai put to all fur- 
The defign of the perfons ther e.iplanations. An Oider was 
led in it was to murder the at the fame time miiiutcJ, that 
.and afterward; the bur- leiters, wri. ten mc.Tig^s, and other 
■nd then to make them- iniormatio::!, relative lo the af> 
nailers of the city. In half fairs of Lord and LaJy Grofvenor, 

hcrwife. 



r more all had been lull. 


ihould on no acc.u, 


It bet 


r three hundred had already 


nicatcd by copi.-s 


IT O' 


to lire, but did no other 


to any perfon v-iC.-pt 




f than fiightly wounding a 




tn V.- 


The alarm was then given, 






e general beat. The gar- 


ti n 




*erc in a moment unJfr 


h mcmori.il w.-.' •: 


T.-r.'p" 



and four of the feiiitioiis laid 
jn the fpot. Their main 



>ii] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



concurrence of that Coart in a re- 
quell to the Lord Mayor to aiTem- 
ble a Com men -Hall. 

In a field adjoining to Kew, two 
gentlemen encouraged by the fo- 
ciciy o* Arts and Sciences, have 
ercrdeJ a bailJing for the hatch- 
inir of various eggs after the 
^jyptian manner : ihcir firll at- 
tem^ii did not fuccccd, which they 
attributed to the dampnefs of the 
building. They have often fuc- 
cceded in froall quantities by the 
heat of dung : but this invention 
IS intended to produce fome mil- 
lions annually. 

, The merchants tradirtg to 
S ' America attended the Houfe 
of Commons, the motion for the 
repeal of the ads of revenue af- 
feding the Colonics, being that 
day taken into confidcration ; the 
duties on glals, red lead, painteri 
colours, paper, kc, are to be re- 
mitted, but that of tea continued. 

The four members for the city 
of London, the two Sheriffs, the 
city Remembrancer, Sir Henry 
Banks, and Mr. Deputy Ellis, 
went to the Houfe of Commons 
with a peiition againli the bill for 
levying a farther doty upon car* 
t'lAge^, Sec, 

ExtraQ of a Litter from Edinburgh, 

A cuVious queftion arofe with re- 
gard to the difpofal of the Body of 
Mungu Campbell. His fcntence was 
to be hangtrd on the nth of April, 
and his body thercaficT to be given 
to Dr. .Monro for diifcftion. No*v 
as he had cJcifldilly prevented the 
firft part of the fcntcr.ce, how 
could th.it part of it comVquent to 
the nth of April take pKicc ? It 
was argued, that his havinp^ com- 
Bitted fuiwidc, was a iuiiicicnt 



caufe for his body beiag at t 
pofal of the magiftrates of 
burgh, and fenc to Surgeon 
but as we have lio coroner i 
land, the fuicide could not 
ceruioed. The refulc is, 
lations are allowed to in 
body. 

This day there was a ve 
numerous common-hall of tl 
Livery of London, purfuan 
precept ifTued for that purpof 

iiCtters from Paris, of tb 
of lafl month, informs us, 
council of (late has been held, 
authorifes the Duke de CI 
the prime minifler and fecre 
Hate, to afTure the foreign co 
letter, that all the engag 
and contrails, made by thi 
with foreigners, (hall be 
fully acquitted by Mr* 
de Ealue, who will be pi 
^with the neceflary funds f 
purpofe. 

At a meeting of a %tz 
number of the eledlors 
Weftminfter, at the Standa 
vern in Leicefter- fields* i 
moved to follow the exau 
London, by prefenting a \ 
to his Majeity ; and a con 
of twelve was appointed t 
it up. 

bome villains attempted xx 
into the houfe of Mrs. Gol 
in Northumberland (Ireet, 
Strand ; but the family be 
larmed, Mrs. Goldihorp 
h&d th: courage to fire 
rogues, wounded one, wl 
afterwards fecured by the 
man, but the rell made tl 
cape. Houfe-breaking in '. 
wsj never known to be fo fr 
Icidoni a night palnng bu 
houfe or other is entered ai 
bed. The gang, as is (ai< 




CHRONICLE. t79 

a fet of deTperate Thi» day died at hi* (loofe j^ 
iellow*, among whom are in greac Portland -ftreei, Wil- ' 
oilhs, joiocrti carpenters, Uam Guthrie, Efq j a feDtlcroan 
makers, and builderi, a- well known for his nnmeroua lite 
iion no locki or bari can rary produdi&ni. 
urity. ADoutthiee in the morn- , 
A^illiam Matthias wai exe- ing, the Cbefter mail wis "'"' 
arfnant to his fentence at robbed between London and If- 
affixes, for poifaning lingion, by a fingle highwayman, 
. William, and Elizabeth who has fince been detected in ne- 
■ad Elizabeth Emerfon, gociating a bill, the payment of 
It, by mixing arfcnic with which had been Hopped on tbe 
tier. firft nrws of the mail being. rob- 
noming between ten and b«d. He is a Cnglc man, had jnfi 
o'cloclti t moll dreadful taken a grocer's Ihop, and wai 
ke OHt at Slurtly, half a foon to have been married, 
tun Bugden in Hunting- Her Majefly dropped one of her 
\ In lefs than an hour ear-iingi at court, and tho' the 
»piial farm houfes, with mod dcligent fearch was inllantl/ 
ut-hoafei, ftacki of corn, made for it, the fearch proved 
re intirety confumed. The fruiclefs ; a foreign gentleman ^ 
raging at the lame time in diOinflion was fecn to ftoop, but 
parts of the place. There it was, he faid, to pick up bis 
•reat want of water, and no flee ve button. 
;ine nearer than St. Nrot's Friday morning a dreaful fire 
liles) and before it could broke oat in ihe hofpital of Beth- 
be whole of that beaa:irul lehem, and burnt fo furioufly, that 
with moft of the gra- the firemen were obliged to break 
ftaclu, barns, tec. were though the roof to releafc the un- 
to aOie*. This dreadtiil happy people in the upper part of 
occafioned by the careleff- the houfe. 

ft feivant girl heating an Extter, March 8. Laft Monday 

' evening, between the hours of 

rday all the fliipi bills pot up eight and nine, the grand mail, 

Mew-England cofiee-honle, from London, was flopped near 

:a I parti of Norih America, the five mile ftone, between Honi- 

Icen down and burnt. ton and Exeter, and robbed of the 

Talbot Eaft Indiaman, Sir Ottery bag, containing letters, and 

Hudfon, now clearing at about 3s. 6d. in money, by tivo 

lit, was fodillrefled for freib foot-pads, one of whom prefenied 

11 in her palTage home, as a piltol to the boy's breafl, while 

bliged to kill every thing the other took away the bag. 

on board; among other They were both tall men, one of 

a beautiful male and fe- whom wore a light-coloered frock, 

lOffaloe from Madagafcar ; and the other a Ihort jacket of a 

iir Charles inicrded as a lighiifh colour. They lik<!wife 

for Mr. Alhby, a North- took from the boy, two fhilling* 

(hire geatlcraBD. and his hat; 

The 



to] ANNtJAL REGISTER, 1770. 



, The Lord Mayor ofLon- 

^ ' don, properly attended, wait- 
ed upon his Majeily, with an ad- 
drefs, remonOrance, and petition. 

Jt was debated whether the ex- 
portation of wheat (hould be per- 
mitted, but rejcded by a great 
majority. 

, , This day his Majefty went 
'°^"' to the Hoiife of Peers, and 
gave the royal alTenc to the follow- 
ing bills. 

ihe bill to continue an ad for 
allowing the free exportation of 
tallow, hogs-lard, and greafe^ for 
a rurth(r limited time. 

A bill for better regulating and 
employing the poor in the pariih 
of St. Paul, Shadwell. 

The bill tor better regulating 
the navigation of the river Trent, 
from WilJen Ferry, in the coun- 
ty of Derby, to Gainfborough in 
Lincolnfhire. 

And alio to fevcral road, inclo- 
fure, and naturalization bills. 

The following flate of Mr. 
Wilkes's aifairs was publilhed by 
the fociety for fupporting the Bill 
of Rights. 

London Tavern, March 13, 1770. 

Supporters of the Bill of Rights. 

William Tookc, Efq; in the 
Chair. 

An account of Mr. Wilkes's af- 
fairs having been this day laid be- 
fore the lociety, it appeared that 
(fioce the eftiSiifnmcnt tiicrcof on 
February ao, 1769) there have 
been paid by the voluntary iub- 
fcriptions of thU fociety, 

To Mr. Wilkei for /. /. d. 

his fupport - • icoo o o 
To ditto for his firll 

fine • • . 5C0 o o 



To the expences of his 
three laft eledions 
for Middlefex - 1704 

To compromife 1434.5I. 
15s. 8d. of his debts 4198 



7403 

Debts of Mr. Wilkes 

remaining to be 
com pro mi fed - 5445 
And a fecond fine to 
be paid of - - 500 



5945 
No money has hitherto bee 

plied by this fociety to any 

purpofe whatever. 

The ca(h now remaining 
treafurcr's hands is 776I. 61 

N. B. 7I49I. 6s. 2d. of 
Wilkes's debts appear to hav« 
incurred by his having been 
rity for other perfons. 

On Wedncfday morning 
lad, about one o'clock, fome 
delperate perfons broke into 
bury gaol (which they efFe£l 
forcing a paffa^e through th( 
and releafcd Berry and T 
two prifoners capitally coc 
at the lall aiTize there. 

'^I'wo Rf/clutions were paflei 
the prefcntation of the ci 
drefj : The firft. That the < 

ing the prefcnt to be i 

and that its afls are not va 
unwarrantable, and mai 
tends to dillurb the peace 
kingdom. The fecond, Tl 
convey fuch unwarrantable 
trine;, under the fpecious pi 
of a petition, is a grofs and 
fell abulc of th- undoubted r 
the ful)jc:t to petition the cro 

£.v/r.7i7 cf a Letter from Portj 

Wc have an account fpr 
bcuk hc^c liom on board ni 




CHRONICLE. 



[8. 



Hoop Merlin , cdncernine 
k of the hie Captain O'Ha- 
: be wu not murdered by 
ten as wii reported, but 
died & natural death. The 
is as followi . When he 
U the place, the Captain 
p the river in ■ tender pro- 
>t that purpufe, with rwivel . 
id fniall arms, and anchor' 
.10 z or 300 yards of the 
that Capt. O'Hara, and 
£x of his people, wcrt on 
a the tender's fmall boat, 
orderi with the people on 
be in readinefs with their 
id rmall arms to fire in cafe 
attacked by the natives, 
Bu to be made known 10 
ly the firing uf a piltol as 
i (qt their Are. As Toon as 
»ain landed he was received 
by the Moors. He told 
e was come by order of the 
bis aafler, to find that 
ind likewife to fix the Bri- 
{ (an EngliOi jack which he 
. with him from his own 
v that purpofe) on an old 
fort which ihey had : he 
; by that intend the leaft 
They did not Icem to re- 
fixing the colours on that. 
id made a little bulUc a- 
; however they feemcd paci- 
id aflced the Captain, ifihc 
lU mailer, bad lent them 
efcDts ! He replied in the 
ire : and that if fome of 
oald go on board the ten- 
would fhew them the pre- 
on which a multitude of 
rowded to the beach in or- 
UuDcb their boats, or ca- 
lat were out of the water, 
on board, which the com- 
g OiEcer on boiud the leu- 
XIII. 



der obferving, and thinking that 
they were coming to feize the ten- 
der, and not feeing the Captain 
amongft them, iitimediately gave 
them all bi* fire of fwiveli and 
fmall-arms, which killed near 
twenty of the natives; then he 
llipt or cut his cable, and mads 
off. The Moors on this direfUf 
attacked the Captain and bis peo- 
ple, and wounded him lligbtlf 
before he delivered up hit fword. 
The Captain and his people were 
then made prifoners, and carried 
up the country. The Moors were- 
fatiified when they found the Cap- 
tain was not to blame. The poor 
Captain was feized with a fever in 
a few days, and for want of pro- 
per care, and with grief and dif- 
appointment, he died in lefs than 
a week. Had he furvived, he 
would have been taken to Sene- 
gal, as his people were o 



Officer in the tender heard a piftol 
fired as a fignal; others conira- 
difl it: be it as it will, fome fa- 
tal miltalce was the caufe of thia 
poor gentleman's deflruftion. 

This dav the right honour- , 
able the Lord Mayor gave a 
molt Iplendid cr.icitainment at the 
Manfion-houlc to a very nume- 
rous though a {('<& number of 
perfons of bo;h houfes of parlia- 
ment. The Egyptian hall was 
illuminated in the moll elegant 
manner, wiih new chandeliers, 
and other illuminations, which 
fu:paflVd all drf'cnption. 

Amongll othtr loyal and patri- 
otic toatls, the following, alter 
fikncc (or each was proclaimed by 
found of trumpet, we/p drank, 

[£.■] ..d 



tal ANNUAL HEGISTER* 1770. 



»fid the pieces of mafic performed 
with the otmoil elegance and ap- 
probation. 

May true religion and virtue 
ever flourifh and abound. 

Health and long life to oar fo- 
vereign lord the king. 

Coromatiom Jntbim hj Mr. Handel. 

Health and long lift to our gra- 
ciooi queen 9 and all the royal fa- 
mily. 

May happinefs and glory be the 

portion of his Majefty, his family 
and people. 

Profperity to the city of Lon- • 
don. 

Grand martial pita hj Mr. Ruth. 

May jnftice and wifdom govern 
all the public councils. 

May the fundamental liberties 
of England be ever revered and 
defended. 

May the noble aflfertors and pro- 
testors of Englilh liberty be had 
in perpetual honour. 

Full piece hj Mr. Rufh. 

May the violators of tTie right 
of elci^ion and petition againfi 
grievances be confounded. 

Mav the wicked be t.Jccn from 
before the king, that his throne 
may be eilablilbed in righicouf- 
nefs. 

Overture by Mr. Handel. 

May corruption ceafe to be the 
meafure of government. 

May the fpirit of the condicu- 
tion prevail over fecret and undue 
inP.Jcnce. 

May perpetual union, focial li- 
berty, and univerfal juftice prevail, 
and render happy the whole Bri- 
cilh empire. 

May the commerce of this city 






and kingdom^ with tht colonkfc 
flourifh for ever. 

FuBpiict tf Mr* Rufli. 

While the truly noble compiaf 
were at dinner, they were ferraad- , 
•d by the moft excellent band tt] 
mufic which could be procored ia' 
this kingdom, and which was cm*' 
duded by Mr. Rnlh. In a worft 
it was nniverfally allowed to ef> 
ceed any thing of the kind ever 
given by a private geotlemaa ia 
this kingdom. 

The ball was opened aboat tn 
o'clock, by the Duke of Devon- 
(hire and the Lady Mayoreft ; de 
dancing continued till half pal 
four in the morning ; and be- 
fore five the whole company left 
the Maniion-houfe, greatly pleat 
ed with the grandeur and elegaocf 
of the entertainment, as well as tbl 
order and rtfgularity with which it 
was conduded. The compaif 
was fo numerous, that the wai 
long tables in the« Egyptiaa-haO 
were not fufficient to accommodalt 
them all. it is faid, that 6o9 
diilies were ferved ap. 

Lid of the Company. 

Dukes of Richmond, BoItoBt 
Devonshire, Portland, Mancbeflcr, 
Northumberland. 

Marquiffes of Rockingham^ aad 
Granby. 

Earls of Piercy, Huntingdon, 
Sud'olk, Berkley, Abingdon, Ply- 
mouth, Scarborough, Albemar!t« 
Coventry, Tinkerville, Effing* 
ham, Fit'/william, Temple, Bd** 
borough, Shelbume, Corke, Doa* 
negal, Vcrney, Ludlow, Fife. 

Lords Robert Sutton, George 
Cavendifh, Frederick Cavendi&# 
John Cavendiih, Abergatcany, 

Craven* 




CHROKICLEi 

w; MoaGM, ForMTciK, 
dtoo, Cuadca, Archer, 



V>3 



, Hereford, Torring- 
Ut Domat, 

John Delatal, Joka 

George Siville. 

lebnwk, JoTeph Miw- 

'ge To Huge, TboniM 

Edward Winniogion, 
naderi, Robert Clty- 
u Vincent, William 
. Edward Afhley, Wil- 
itli, PicrC7 Brett, Mat. 
U Vfrtj. 

Anderibn; Adam), 
tabrer, Allen, Baker, 
ley, Betbel, Brickdale, 
Mel. Burke, Bvnge, 
Calrcrt. Calcraft, 
CoUcraft, Cornwall, 

Darner, Dawlciu, 
[>o«ctcfwelI, Dunning, 
, Fletcher, Frankland. 
aves, Gnj, Garth, 
regory, Orovei. Gren- 
ai, Grenville Henry, 
eaot, Haispden, Ha- 
ward, Hope, Hoban, 
ey, jenin) Col. Kep- 
J, Keppel General, 
,arcell« Daniel, St. 

Luiher, Mack worth, 
oger. Millei, Norrii, 
nant, Pophain, Pow- 
Putieney, Roll, Rufh- 
nr, Scrope, Scawen, 

Sheriff, Scddamore, 
m, Tempell, Townf. 
■, Townfend The 
rccothick Alderman, 
Vallb, Wolfinghaoi, 
Weft, Whaielec. 
Bmie, Bailer, Jan. 
Iton, Clarke, Crelb/, 
. H.inbury, General 
. Lcman, Moniagae, 
lafgrave, Alexander 



Popfaam, Capb Ptnppl, Plnmer, 
George PaaUt, Pratt, Skipwidi, 
Thorntoa, Tnroer, Richard Whit- 
wonb. 

Several perfon* had their %iB- 
daw* broken at night by the a<Ar, 
for not itlnminatinr their boafei, 
particularly tbofe o? Mr. Barda/, 
oppofite Bow Chnrch in Cheap- 
fide, were very mach demtrfilhcd, 
lb that it wai neccllary to take o^ 
the remains of the rilh-framet from 
fix windowi. Mr. Barclay, whek 
hit hoafe was attacked, lent oac 
two of hti fervanti to go amongft 
the nob, and to fix apon any per- 
Jbni they law throwing ftonet a- 
gainft bii windowi, and not tO 
lean diem nnttl they got intclll- 
^oce where they might be fqond ; 
in coareqaence of tbefe orders t«ni 
perfoai were tbls day taken befbfv 
the Lord Mayor, and a propoTal 
wai made to pay the damage, bat 
Mr. Barclay refufed to accept the 
offer, faying that he came for juf- 
tice on the offenders, and not far 
the damage he bad received ; on 
which they were both /cot to the 
Compter. 

Her grace tha Dntcheft of 
Norihamberland, in croffing the 
channel from Dover to Calais, 
very narrowly efcaped being 
drowned. By the violence of the 
waves, the cords which lalhed ber 
chaife to the velfrl were burll, and 
bad ic not immediately been dif- 
covered the next returning fea 
woald have carried her grace over 
board. She was on her journey to 
ihe conrt of Vienna, to b^prefent 
at ih= nnptials of thearch-dutchef), 
n-ith the dauphin of France ; boc 
being driven back, and with the 
utmoil hazard landrd near Folk* 
Hone, her grace'* defign has been, 
fni Orated. 



84] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

The tivo Kennedys, who were fubverfion of all Uwfiil tfatlioritf# 
condemned the lall felTions for the At the fame time tfpcrfing aad 
murder of Bigby the watchman, calumniating one of the braadict 
have received the King's pardon, of the legiflatore, and cxprefily 
on condition of being tranfported denying the legality of the preim 
for life. parliament, and the validity of in 

The perfon who robbed the proceedings. 
Cheiler mail lad week in the City At a court of adiftanu of tkt 
road, was taken into cullody on goldfmith's company, the fbl- 
Wednefday, on his firft attempt to lowing refolations were agrcc4 
put off a fmall bill on MclTrs. Bal- to. 

dero and Co. facing the Manfion- The right hon. the Lord Mayor. 
houfe. having iflued precepts for fiia- ' 

The above man was carried be- moning the livery of this city to 
fore the magirtrates in Bow-ilreet, meet at Guildhall on Toefday A| 
when the poll-boy, Daniel Wheeler, 6th inft. to confider of a further 
fwearing to his perfon, he was com- application for redrefs of grie^ 
mitted to Newgate. It is laid he ances, at which meeting a omI 
hadjufl taken a houfe in Biihopf- indecent remonftrance was order- 
gate-flreet, in order to carry on ed to be prefented to hb Ma* 
the bufinefs of a grocer, and had jefty ; 

laid in a quantity of goods in that Refolved and ordered, chat for 
way: and was on the point of be- the future the wardens of this ooo* 
ing married to a tradefman's pany do not fummon the liverf 
daughter in that neighbourhood, thereof, to attend at any meetiog 
On fearching the prifoner's hcufe in the Guildhjll, (except for du 
lad night, bills of exchange to purpofe of eledlions) without tk 1 
the value of 300 1. and a great exprefs approbation or confeat of ^ 
number of letters taken out of the this court. ; 

nail, were found. He pretended There was a general court ,• 1 
that a perfon had given him the of the Eafl India company, 
bills, kc. to difpofe of, but could at their houfe in Leaden-hall- 
not tell his name. llreet, as by adjournment, for tht 

1 A joint addrefs of the lords determination, by b.iilot, of iba 
^ ' and commons in parliament foliu.viag qucftion : 
atTcmbfcd, relative to the city re- 'I li.u the dividend on the ca^ 
monftrancc. was this day prefent- t.il llock of thii company, ibr the 
ed to his Majeily, exprcllin^ the half year, commencing at Chrift- 
dccpeft concern on feeing the ex- mas lall, and ending at Mid- 
crcife of the fubjects undoubted fummer next, be ac fix per 
right of petitioning the throne, cent. 

f ) grofsly perverted, by being ap- The balloting began at eleven 
plied to the purpofe, not of pre« oVlock in the forenoon, and coa- 
ferving, bat of overturning the tinned till fix in the evening, whem 
conftitution, and of propagating an hour being taken up, as afoaU 
do^rtnes, which, if generally a- by the fcrutincers, in adjulting tht 
dopted, mud be fatal to the peace numbers, at feven o'clock the poll 
of the kingdom, and tend to the was declared as follows : 

For 




CHRONICLE. 



lU 



BtieftioD — 
UM queftion — 



138 



Fr*nlitri if Italy, Fth- 
Emperor, in hig laie 
Italy, had a long con- 
t Forli with the Count 
'apini, who did not, at 
know hit Imperial 
leing afieriwdj tDrorin- 
honour which he had 
rate to the Emperor, 
;cired the following an- 

Jwayi reflcAwiih plea- 
lear Papini, on [he in- 
lich I had wiih you in 
rough Forli, and the 
d which yoa was pleaf- 

tne on that occaCon. 
)ID and candour wiih 
talked to me, will not 

to doubt th(! finceriiy 
■enti exprelTcd in your 
- of the firft or Decem- 

all the happy paflagei 
nouaced. Thcfe fenii- 
iBOwed to rae at a time 
nok me for a private 
ud no rufpidon of that 
ly digaiiy to which it 

the divine I'rovidcnce 

The enconiiunn la- 

I*, and all [he ihingi 

tre unhappily addreflVd 

to our rank than to our 
efervc for ir.e ihit af- 

dear Papini ; and lie 
that I Oiall be ibrely 
roa do not, in me, ef- 
>aD ! a title fupcrior to 

frph prefert being be- 

thofc ODtward proceda- 

all ibolc bomagei. 



which are continually beftowed on 
the Emperor. Believe then, that 
the fame feniimeDta will ever aai- 
maie me. I .pray God to keep 
yon in his holy proteAion. 

Ai Finnm, this firft day tfjm- 
nry, f?7o. (Signed) JosiFH. 

Ram, Fth. 14. A courier ar- 
rived lad night from Liflxin, with 
ihe news of the death of the new 
Cardinal de Mcndonza. 

Wa« held a meeting of .s.i, 
the eleaori of WeAminfter, 
when a remonflrance wai nnani- 
moufly agreed to, and in led than 
half an hour prefented to hit Mt- 
jeQy, by Sir Robert Bernard, Mr. 
Consell, Mr. Charlci Martyn, 
and the Rev. Dr. Wilfon. Hi* 
Majefly received, and immediately 
gave it to one of the lords in wait- 
ing, without fpeaking a word. 
The multitude on thr-ir return met 

with the S— r of the H— of C 

in hit ftate coach, whom they grofly 
infulied with groant and hilTingi, 
but offered no violence to hu per* 
fon or carriage. 

At a court of afliflants of the wea- 
vers company, like refolutioni 
were pa (Ted with tliore already 
mentioned. 

The alTizes ended on the crown 
tide at Hereford, when nine prj- 
foners were tried for the murder 
of William Powell, Efq; fix of 
whom received fentence of death* 
and were ordered lor execution, 
and their bodies to be diflVdcd ; 
but two were afterward ordered 
to be hung in chains near the 
place where the murder was com- 
mitted i and ihrec were actjuitied. 
The names of thofe left for execu- 
tion were William Spiggol, David 
Lewellin, Charles David Morgan. 
William Morris. William Walter 
Evan, and David Morgan. This 
[C] 3 trial 



86] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

trial lifted from feven in the morn- 

lAg till eight at oight. 

leghorn, FtS. 22. The Rudian 

then of war^ the three Primates of 

74 guns and 700 men, and the 

Providence of 4.8 guns and 450 

men, are arrived here. 

The 17th inft. we had the moft 

dreadful ilorm that has been fjnce 

the year 1752 in tbefe parts; all 

the vefTels which were in the road 

were obliged to cut their cables, 

and run aground againft the Tow- 
er of Morzocco. Among them is 

the RulTian frigate the roftillion, 

who loft her rudder, and was much 

damaged ; they defpair of getting 

her afk)at again. Moft of the 

roofs 01 the hcufes were blown off, 

and tfie chimnirs thrown down. 

The fea was fo high, that the Pier 

was intirely covered ; the Flotas 

were driven even on the Terrace 

before the old Fort. In fttort, many 
Slips have been wrecked on thi« 
coaft as well as on that of Sicily. 

Paris, March 10. The come- 
dians at Bourdeaux have been 
committed to prifon by the Par- 
liamrnt there, for advertidng the 
reprefentation of a piece, called 
the Hoaeft Criminal. 

1 This day his Majefty went 
^ to the Houle of Peers and 
gave the royal afiient to the fol- 
lowing bilU, viz. 

The bill fur raifmg 1,800,000]. 
by loans on Exchequer bills, iur 
the fer vice oi the prelcnt year. 

The bill for allowing the ex- 
portation of malt ior a limited 
time. 



The bill for applying the fum 
granted for ch^ pay and doathing 
of his Majefty '& militia forces for 
this year. 

And alio to feveral road^ inclo* 



fure, nataralization^ and 
bills. 

At a court of affiftanU 
of the grocers company, held 
at their Hall, the loUowiog 
lutions were agreed to ; 

The right hon. tiie Lord 
having iil'ued precepu for 
monjiig the livery ot this 
meet at Guildhall on Tucld 
6(h inft. to confider o^ furti 
plication for redrtts ofgriei 
which gave exigence t^) a 
iniitled. The humble addre 
roonftrance and petition 
Lord Mayor, aldermen and 
of this city, which was 01 
and afterwards prefented 
Majefty. 

Reiolved, That this con 
tirely difapproves of the d 
per, being fully perfnade 
his Majefty 's people, as wel 
parliament, will rejed wt 
dain every infidinus fuggel 
thofe ill defigning . men, w) 
in reality, undermining th 
lie liberty, under the fpecio 
tenc<» of zeal for its prefer 
and therefore look upon it 1 
cent, and highly diirefpe^ 
his Majefty's perfon and d 
injurious to the fupremc ai 
of pailiament aflembled, a 
warrantable, as it tends to 
the happy conftitution 1 
kingiiom. 

Keiolved and ordered, 1 
the future no warden of th 
pany do fummon the liver) 
to attend at any meeting 
Guildhall cf this c<iy (eac 
the purpofe of eleAions) 
the expreis order of this coui 
1 he proftftbr of anatom) 
ed his courfe of Icdnrcs t 
ion at the Royal Ai 

t 




CHRONICLE. 



W 



^fcoBt which he Jhewed great here, and Edwnrd ; they ira moft* 
•a in wlapting them parti- 1y w«ll preferVed and very legible) 
<f to the art! ofdefign, and the inrcriptioni on man)' of then 
at parpole haJ one of the are, Civitai LtnJen. Civiimi Ctint, 
a of the Acidemy prcfent, Civitat Abtrdiu, What is rcfnark- 
w at oac view ihe appear- able, there hag been an old uadi- 
rf the mardei wiih ami wiih- tion current aoiong the coDnii7 
be fkia, and the different people there, that a coniiderabw 
they afliime when pnc in ac- treasure in poti liei concealed in 
Among other general ob- that neighbourhood, and a for-ner 
ioQs h: diicoarled on ihe difcovery in the fame parilb feeiof 
eat proporcioni of diffetenc to jaBify the conjcfiure. 
and the propriety and liineft Leiten from Leghorn declare, 
ery part to inlwer the end that a Rnflian frigate bad arrived at 
led, and gave it ai hii opi- Malta with the Marqaij de Caval- 
thai the idea of beiuiy tvai cabo, who prerented ihe Grand 
jaea^ and not attended to Mailer with a letter fioiD (he Em- 
« (bmacioii of the human pref* of Ruffii, in which fhe re- 
quelled, that all her vefleli might 
be admitted into ihe portj of that 
Order, and that the Mahefe fquv- 
dron would join her fleet ; but that 
the council had rclolved only to 
'iree or four Kufliin veSe.'t 
r pom at a time, and by 
* to make thcmfelves par- 
le prefent dilpuie beiween 
her Imperial Majedy and the 
Pone. 

On the 14th of March, a new 
The wind, which had eruption of Mount Vefuviui broke 
northerly for a moinh before, out wiihin an hundred yard) of the 
oly ftiified 10 the fo^ihwelt, crater, on the fide of Pompeii, frcm 
ereat part of the town mult whence iffued a lava of about a 
been dcitroyed. Thit i* the mile* in length, and 1,700 pacei 
i fire which hai happened in breadth ; at [he lame time that 
ia ihc I'pace of a few two votliei offtonet, lome not lefi 
bi. man a ton weight, were thrown 

out of the crater 10 a very confi- 
dcrable height. The lava ha) not 
yet reached the cuttivaied parts of 
Nonle, the meant. 

■\x\ a A coort martial was held in 
. focti Portfniouth hubour, for the t 



very BBineroai body of Mid- 
: freelMldera met at the bA 
y-foom. Mile-end, where 
iHraice wai read by h 
r Sawbridgc, and only one 
waa held op againQ it. 
if morning, at two o'clock, 
tlaocholv lire broke oat at 
n in Wililhire, which < 
I &x or feven dwelling- houles, 
rt feveral uoik Oiupi 



fc« Aii% ago, a 
ng to Mr. tlervie, 

Scotland, diggin 
,int .0 hi. ■,.« 
rered an e»ilii<n | 

of ch: fane, : 



of Brour 



the lurface of the grn 
itiiiig J 



indrd 
liied for C-pt. 



of :tic reigoi of Patid, Ro- gentleman went on fltote en t 
[G] 4 



88] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



coaft of Africa ; when, aficr a trial 
of fix hours, he whs acquitted. 

Married lately, Mr, Humphreys, 
a farmer at Beckingiiam in Kent, 
to Mifs Parrier, of the fame place, 
with a fortune of icoool. 

Died, Mrs. Gordon, a maiden 
lady, who has left a confiderable 
fum to build an hofpital tor indi- 
gent old maids. 

At Caiuerbury, the Rev. Mr. 
Monins Eaton, reftor of Ring- 
would, and vicar of CharUon» 
near Dover ; he has left a fortune 
, of 30,000 1. which devolves to his 
brother, a lieutenant in the army* 
and his filler, a maiden lady. 

Fri. Morriss aged 108, at New- 
caHle. 

James Kearney, in Ireland, aged 
115. He lately had a daughter 
married, aged 15. 



ift. 



APRIL. 

A Fire broke out at Wil- 
liamilead within three 
miles of Ht*dtord, occ:ifioned by a 
chimney taking fire, which com- 
mjnicated the flames to the roof, 
and notwithiUnding all poflible 
aflift.ince was had, a whole row of 
h'>ufes, twenty-fix in number, were 
entirtly confumcd. 

Lad Tuefday C2me on at 
Chi! m ford alfi/.es, before Mr. 
Baron 6 my the, two ciuli-s ag;iinil 
RavJIngs, Lyctu, VVaiil, Ucw, 
and J ncs, Ciulom-nouic OiHccrs, 
for forci'.g ihcmrcivcs into the 
h'>ure o{ a lady in the paiiih of 
KiSlK'im, raniacking the fame, 
atfuul ing thj lady in her own 
dw llinp, as well as her v fi ors» 
and otii^r enormities, becaufe 
tlic'c was no prohibited booty for 
them ; when two vcrdicls were 



found again ft the brutal* iUegll 
fearchers, with confiderable CMf 
ma^cs and cofts of fuits in boll 
actions. 

Was committed to GoilM 
gaol, by the Kev. Dr. Burdea^ a 
RufP.an foldier» on fufpicion tt 
cominiiting a murder on the body 
of a woman at whofe hoafe ke 
lodged I at F.(hcr in Surry, by cat* 
ting her throat. The woman wai 
not more than twenty years of age. 
and was murdered in her bcd» Imt 
young child, about two montki 
old, lying by her. 

On Ff iday the plough for mak* 
ing trenches for drains, brooghc 
out of Suffolk, and invented by 
one Makings a poor farmer, was 
tried at Upton, near Stratford, oa 
the grounds belonging to Mr. 
Pearce, before a committee of tke 
Society of Arts, Sec. It cut. in ihi 
fpace of thirty -four minutes, a 000- 
plete trench of about eighteeo it- 
ches deep, two inches and an half 
broad at the bottom, and of tk 
length of fix hundred and Cxty feci t 
executed in a manner that cannoc 
be eifeded by the fpade. even widi 
any degree of labour. The face 
ufcd for this performance was that 
of fix horfes, managed by two men, 
and without any greater flraia 
than woold have permitted then 
to have done a full day's work. It 
is computed, that by this means. 
trenches for dole drains may be 
cut at three tarthings a rod, or 
cr.iii'tdcrably lefs, wnere the work 
of men and horfes are cheap. 

Extrail of a Letter from Portjimiitt, 
Afjrii 2. 

Ye(l:*rday the RuiYian Admiral's 
(hip of eighty-four guns, failed oat 
of the harbour and faluted the 

EngliOl 




CHRONICLE. 



[8, 



Admiral. Molt of the lb- 
iniflen, except the French, 
ui to Spiihcid in tht< ibip, 

'.gly pltik-J. By 
iiOTis rtdmira: Elchinflnn.- 
; ill till Ihip, Ihe it Ujsca 
be t'(;u-l <u any Clip at 

Thii day the King wns 



nd 



>Ie^i< 



; Wiliiam-K-. -y, 
ijcRy'i tbi'd Ibn, »iih i^n; 
.O* the moll ancient and molt 
Drdcrol ineThi'le. 
royal highnefi being pre- 
lo (he Sovereign by the two 
Knif-htJ, and kneeling down, 
erald drew ihc fwuid, and 
ing) delivered it to the So' 
n, who clicreupon knighted 
oyal Hif hnels ; ihrn the 
, having kilTcd his M.->j^n>'i 
tole up; uhich done, Gieen 
having received the grctn 
, «iih the fymbol oi the 
banging to ii) prefented ihe 
koeeling) to [be Sovercigp, 
1 velvet ctilhton, who put 
iboii over the Prince's left 
:t, and then, kneeling down, 
in kifled his MajtllyS hind ; 
done, the Prince tole up, 
iking a low 



} a/ a Inter from Paris, 

erday the court again Tent 
prcft lo Holland, charged 
nil of exchange to the value 
ao.coo ot livrei, deJlined to 
Ji- engagement* contrafled 

Sieur de Biilue, the King'j 
. 'Ihefe different rcmit- 

amount, it ii believed, to 
J.CiCOjOOo livres. 



Letters from Detroit (by Moq- 
day'j New York mail) inform us, 
thic licveral boati with goods had. 
been feventy days in croling Lake 
Erie ; in which time tbe diltreb 
of tbe pi'ople was fo great, that 
they had been obliged to keep ititt 
human bodiei, which they found 
uiburied upon the Ihore, in otdtr 
to colleA and kill tlie ravens and 
eagles that came to feed on them, 
lur their fubliltcnce. Many other 
boars have bren frozen up within . 
loriy mile* of Detroit ; and feveral 
traders fmall boat:, tvith goods, 
bad been loft. 

CaJix, Marrb S. By letters front 
Mexico, we have an account of the 
deaths of the Abbe d'Auieroche. 
and one of ihe two officers oF the 
Spanijh marine, who had failed 
with that genileman lo the illand 
of California. 'Ihey fell lick, wiik 
every one who accompanied them, 
on the 4ih of June, the very day 
after they h^d tiijJc .heir oltfervi- 
tion of liie Ttanfit ot Venm over 
Ihe Sun. I'his obrervatton, ac- 
cording to the fame Ic'teri, wai 
made with all polCble advantage, 
Ihc day being extremely fine, and 
the air remarkably leiene We 
learn, moreover, that the Sicur 
Paly, the famous geographer, who 
was among thofe who fell ficfc. 
happily arrived on ihe I4'h of 0«o- 
ber, at Port St. Blalle, in the While 
ilea, with all thofe uhii had the 
good foitL-ne to eicape ihc epide- 
mic d^fe»fc wiih which they were 
viiited. Much is expected from 
the iiiccefs cf the oMtrvavion, 
which was the grand cbjctt of tbe 
voyage of thrl'e allronomcri. 

Came on at lCi(i,!iion, be- , . 
fore Mr. Juftice BlatkHone. ^■''■ 
the lamcus CHuir between me Kight 
Hon. Ciecr^c Oa.l;,w, and the Rev. 



90] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Mr. Horne> for two letters pub- 
lifhed the 14th and 28th of July 
Jait. The aflion wai brought 
againfi Mr. Home for 10,000 1, 
damages. The trial lafted about 
an hour and a half, when Mr. 
Onflow was non-fuited. It is fop- 
pofed the expence to Mr. Onflow 
will amount to at lead 1500 I. 

The Durham, Cumberland, and 
Northumberland petitions for re- 
drefs of grievances, were prefented 
to his Majefly at St J :imes'i>, and 
received, but no anlwer was re- 
turned ; they were given to the 
lords in waiting. 

, The Synagogue of the Jews, 
^ ' in order to ftiew the delega- 
tion in which the b'?dy of them 
hold fuch pradices of their wicked 
brethren, have advertifed a reward 
for a dccedion of all fuch as are 
guilty of receiving (lolen goods. 

Lall Week as Mr. Harding*s men 
were plowing in his grounds at 
Tottenham, the plough ttruck ra- 
ther lower than common in the 
earth, and turned up ^ large quan- 
tity of broad pieces of gold of 
James I. and Charles 1. quite frefli, 
as if juft coined ; fome men dug 
afterwards with a pitchfork, and 
threw up at one flroke 18 of the 
above pieces, alfo a horn with fome 
filver at the bottom; the whole 
amounting to upwards of 70 1. 
value. 

, The Middlefex petition, re- 
^ ' monilrance, and adJrefs. was 
prefented to his Majcfty at St. 
James*s, by MefTrs. SawbriJge and 
Townfend, flierifFs for the county, 
which was received and given to a 
lord in waiting, but no anfwer fe- 
turned. 

The petition from the county of 
Kent was alio prefented to his Ma- 
jetty by John Cakra^t, Efq; mem* 



ber for Rochcftefj and fome 

gentlemen. 

A general meeting of the Saip 
India Company was held at Ptei^ 
when the dire£lors gave an accooc 
of their proceedings, by which ihi 
impoflibility of compounding thdr 
debts, and continumg their tradi 
appeared, and it was propofed m 
put their whole effeds into th 
hands of the king. 

This day, about one o'dockp 
S:ephen Gregory, a Ruflian, w« 
executed at EOier, in Surry, ^ 
mi J 11 a great number of fpeda* 
tori, for the murder of Mri. Heroe. 
He was attended at the place ef 
execution by the Ruilian Ambaf- 
fa.lor's chaplain, to whom he coa- 
feffed the murder, and died fciy 
penitent. He had been a lodger 
in the houfe, and waa fafpeded bjr 
Mrs. Heme of intending to rob 
them, which (ht informed her hvf* 
band of, who turned him cot of 
his houfe. It is foppofed he €oa< 
mitteii the murder out of revenge: 
lie attempted to conceal hinUUf 
in the hotfe the night before, t^ 
the man and his wile were fnm 
home, but was prevented by feme 
neighbours uho had charge of it 
in their abfence. The morning 
the ihocking affair happened, Mr, 
Heme left his wife in bed aboet a 
quarter afi^r fix, to go to Lord 
Clime's garden to work ; he left the 
door of his houle u- locked, which 
was ohfcrvcd by the villain, who 
immediately ^ent up to her cham- 
ber, and cut her throat in a moft 
dreadful manner, fo as nearly to 
fever her head from her body, thea 
laid her on the floor, covered her 
ui h the bed-cloaths, left the young 
child naked in bed, rifled ihe 
drawers, and m^^Je his efcape. The 
poor woman njt being up fo iboa 

H 




CHRONICLE. 



In 



iiifaa].h«r next daar Deiakbogr, 
tMpCB aiae and ten o'clock, ivcnc 
' m Emw Uw n»&m, and found 
lln> Herse at befare-mcntioned, 
nd the poor infaat crying in bed, 
Tfca RoSan bciog obferved to come 
■M of the boaH that inoniiiig, 
incral went iininediatcly to pnr- 
lidc of bim. He wa> taken at 
Codalaing, commttied to Guild- 
fcrd gaol, and from thence con- 
veyed lo Kinglloa, where he was 
tried «n batnrday, and handed on 
MMkday opp'fitc the houfe »here 
ke conmiited the fafl. He wa* 
about twenty. two years of age, and 
a fiont well-made man, Fite filver 
table fpcKMii were found upon him, 
which Mr. Herne tnade oath were 
tu property. 

I Yefterday the report wat 
"^ nide 10 hii Majefly of the 
ynkfaAar* under fcDieoce of death 
M Newgate; when Jofeph Jarvii 
and Benjamin Millifenc, for a bur- 
glary in the boufe of Mr. Evans, 
and Matthew Kennedy, fcr the 
nnrdcr of the watchman on Weft- 
Mofler-bridge, were ordered for 



' j'tTeph Nichelai, William W.ir- 

£ker, Richard C^irtcr. and fatrick 
eonedy, are refpiicd. 
Tbit day hii M^jcfty went to 
■he Houfe of Peer*, and pave (he 
leyal aflent to the foUowiag bilit. 

The bill to conttnoe an afl for 
pnoilhing muni'y and dcfcnton in 
the American coloniet. 
' The bill for repealinf; part of 
BB aft, for granting ceniin duties 
in the Briiilh colonic* in Ame- 
tica. 

Tbe biH- to reaify milbltei in 
the namii of the cotnmiQioueri 
«:>pointed to cxeciitc the Und>tax 



The bill to regolat* tbe trials of 

conteAed elc^ons, or retarai of 
members to lervc in parliament. 

The bill for the better prclerva- 
tioD of the game, in that jart of 
Great Britain, called England. 

The bill to prevent the killing 
and deftroying of dogs. 

The bill far bailding a wort- 
houfe for the liberty of Saffron- 
h:ll, Hatton-gardeo, and Ely-reoti, 
in tha parifh of St. Andrew, Hol- 
boin. 

The bill for lighting, paving, 
and cleaning the town of^ Mary- 
bone, Itc. and for regnlating 
weight* and meafmei therein. 

The bill to arrend an ad. for 
making a navigable cut or caoal 
from the Trent, at or near Wilden. 
ferry, in Derbyfliire, to the river 
Meriey, &c. 

The bill to continue the termt 
and power! granted, for keeping 
in repair the harbour of Minehead, 
in Somerfeiaiire. 

The bill to continue the dutie* 
granted for repairing the harbour 
and quay of Watcheit, in liie {aid 
county. 

And aKo to feveral road, ia- 
clofure, and niiuralizaiion bills, 

Thi» morning Uapr. Bowen, of 
Ki>ly-0>^n, who was concerned 
wiih Williams aed other, in the 
murder ot Mr. Powell, nf Glane- 
reih, near Landovery, wa* appre* 
hcnded at the Cock eating.boufe 
brhind the Royal Exchange, by 
MelTii. Winiar.)s and Price, two 
Welch gentlemen, who knew him. 
He was carried briure the Right 
Hon. the Lord Mayor, who com- 
mitted him to the Poultry Compieri 
and he it to be re^cxamired by hia 
Lordfliip on Tucfday morning next. 
He was diicovered by a young man 
at Lambeth, of whom Bcwen had 



9a] ANNUAL- REGISTER, 1770. 

injoined fecrccy. The young fel- 
low accordingly took no notice 
that he h^J feen him, till his maf- 
ter obfervcd a note that was fent 
him by Bowen to meet him ai ten 
o'clock in the morning at the Cock 
cating-houfe ; in c; nl'cqucnce of 
which, two of Sir Jv^hn Fielding's 
men were fent foi, who waited a 
confidernblc time, and then went 
away ; however, the above gentle- 
men being afterwards informed by 
this yonng man when Bowen came, 
fecured him. He is brother to 
Mrs. Powell, and has been at Lam- 
beth ever fince his efcape from 
Wales. . 

Matihew Kennedy, who was to 
liave been executed on Thurfday 
next, has obtained his Majelly's 
pardon, on condition of being 
tranfported for life. 

Madame Louifa, the King of 
France's younged daughter, who is 
in her 33d year, having for iome 
time entertained the projcdl of be- 
coming a Carmelite, retired to the 
monallery of the Carmelites of St. 
Dennis, after having obtained the 
King her father's permiflion for 
that pui^^ofe. 

An Older from the Crown Office, 
direded to the Marlhai of the 
King's Bench prifon, was delivered 
to the bench of julticcs for Surry, 
at their rotaiionofhce, St. Mar- 
garct*t hill, cmpovsmng the faid 
Marfhal to diltharge John Wilkci, 
Eiq; he giving bond, as fecuriiy 
for good behaviour for (even years, 
himk'lf in loco 1. and two furetirs, 
▼iz. Edward Burke, of St. Cic- 
meni's Danes, vintner, and Mat- 
thias Hamberg,oi St. Bride*&, tay- 
lor, in jool. each, agreeable to 
the feotence pailed upon hin. 

This day a common-h«ll was 
held AC Guildhall, by virtue of a 



precept fiom the Lord Mayor, to 
receive the report of his Majefty'i 
anfwer to the addrefs, rtmoa- 
Arance, and petition of the Lofd 
Mayor, aldermen, and livery of 
this city ; as like wife to hear the 
rcfolutions and addreflca of the 
Houfcs of Lords and Commoat 
thereupon, and to take into confi- 
deration the late proceedings of the 
companies of goldfmiths, weavers* 
and grocers, refpecltng the famc^ 
as well as their refblution not to 
obey the orders of the Lord Mayor 
for fumrooning the livery of the 
refpeflive companies to attend at 
fuch common halls. 

I'he lad committee of the livery 
was appointed to take into coni- 
deration what would be the proper 
mode of proceeding againft the 
three aforefaid companies, and 10 
report their opinions to the cua* 
mon council. 

After wMch the thanks of tlie 
livery were returned to the Lord 
Mayor, aldermen, and commoa 
council, who carried up the re« 
monlirance : And the fame was 
ordered to be printed, figaed by 
the town clerk, in all tlM public 
papers. 

The Good Intent, Nailor, from 
Guernfey for Newcaflle, ran a- 
ground near Robin Hood's Bays 
and is loll. The mafler and ooe 
man were drowned ; three others 
got on fliore on the maft, which 
broke away by the deck ; and one 
of them periihed in the fnow be* 
fore any afTiftance could be had. 
The other two were near (baring 
the fame fate, but fortunately a 
countryman Jifcovered them from 
the* hills by the lea, and came to 
their relief. 

A (econd incendiary letter was 
received by the Dean of Wettmin- 



CHRONICLE. 



[«3 



kmienlog, at in a fottaer Kent>I1reet turnpike that leadi 10 
I w put ibcii dcGgn igainli Ra:herhithe, and a gtcac deal o( 



'ilk I 



blood wa> traced ocat the ditch 
where the horfe hAd plungeJ. 

A) Lard SanJyi wai returning 
to town from his fon's fjai in Hert-r ■ 
rordlhiru. hir v/i^ overturned in hi* J 
rt chaife c<nning down High-" 
gaie-hill. Ac lirll, it was thought 
much hurt, hot afier- 
ppeared, lie received a 
contuiion in hii head thai colt him 
his life. 

About noon, the report 
if a pillol, fired fom ' 
rj or Bbont the king'i palaee «t 1 
St. Jamei'i, alaraieJ the officeit 
upon guard. The folJiers wefc 
r gave a rery inlerrogiied, and their piccet ex- 
. in the Egyp- aatined, but no dlfcovery could be 
fUit CO more than 300 noble- made from whii qiiar'.er it came. 
«nd gestlemcQ of the £tft dif- The purfer ot the Hampfhite 

Eu Eaft-I-idiaman. C.ipl. Sime, came 

K ten in the evening, two to the India Houie, with an ac- 
ItmcB in a poD-chairc, coming count of the above Ihip being fafe 
.BUckbeath, were Hopped by arrived in the Channel ftom Bcn- 
Ue nao on foot, drefl'ed in a gal. Slie has made her voyage in 
^'i frock. One of the gentle- the fhorult fj.ice of time that 
ft iBilitaty officer, told the hjs been kno.^n; not iviih Handing 
which, (He hsi been Fery (ickly, 
aad loll m4ny at her men. Scarce 
an officer on board elciiped ilie 
icfi. cKccpt the captain and 



!!e into cxiccution, a 
K made a paSage through the 
U Dean'i-jrard, which i; not 
I pa«cr ID do, the faid wall 

rnd not being hit 1 
On the report of the 
< eominitiee who made iri,il 
Uking** drain - plough, the 
tf of Aftt. &C. agreed 10 ih« 
I kin fifty guinea* for his 
^, and a fariher fum of ten 
Im oa kii dtlivcring a 
plot^h of ihjE kind, 
tr cainaget, to the Society, 
kai«of the public, 
he Lord Mayor 



W. in a perrmptory 
ke ivoutd not be robbed, and 
\ti him to delin. but the vil- 
Ipivfcaiiag a piilol, and ihrent- 
K violence, the gentleman ihoi 
Aead on ikc fpjt. 
he foiBc gcnilemeo had not 
I above three miici farther, on 
t *■«» to town, when they were 
pied again by a highwayman. 
I Boanted. o»r [he Red Hou^e. 
gRiilcnun who killed the 
BM dtot direflly through the 
& of the cluife, and i> fup- 
|d ts hwn woonded him, aj the 
k ttpM which he rodF, fpruog 
"■ 'i by the road " ' 



chief n 

The Lord Tolland Eatt-Iadia- 
man, Cipf, Niirne, in going round 
I'rom Rental to Madrafi, was to- 
tally loll off the Eiftoro-braeei. 
The chief mate and fifteen of the 
crew were onfortunitcly drowned. 

The lum of 400,030 I. per ann. 
which the l^i!l India Company an- 
nually pays to i.He goverirment, ta 
appropriated tU'vardi making good 
the fuppliet of the prefeot year. 

1 he fu.-n of 5,650 1. i» gratittd 



r me roaa uue, 1 ne ili.^ 01 5,0)0t> i) griniva 

irdt foitnJ without for the fupport of the Kouadling 
road tdjoiniag to Holpit^for the ptefentyear 1770 
ihe 



94] ANNUAL REGISTER, li'ro. 



. The committee of the 
^'^ fupportert of the bill of 
Rights icttled all Mr. Wilkes's 
debts, and aboat fix o'clock in the 
evening that gentleman was dif- 
charged from the King's Bench 
priibn, and immediately fet out in 
a poft-chaifei accompanied by his 
daughter, for the country-hoafe 
of Mr. Reynolds hia attorney, in 
Kent. 

It has been remarked with ailo- 
nKhment, that there never was per- 
haps fo general and volantary il- 
luminations and rejoicings on any 
occafion, as on the event of Mr. 
Wilkes's releafe; not in London 
only, but in every part of Eng- 
land: aifd, to the praife of the 
lower order of patncfts, no di (or- 
ders have been complained of any 
where. 

This morning Gapii Marmaduke 
Bowen was re-examined before the 
Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, when 
he confefled that one Mr. O— - 
had carfied Williams in an open 
boat to France. He was remanJed 
back to the Poaltry Compter. His 
Lordlhip firll ordered him to be 
fent to Newgate; but tbe.prifoner 
fecming to be greatly alFedled with 
the thoughts of being committed 
to that priibn, he was by his Lord- 
(hip (on the intcrceflion of Mr. 
Jones of Caftle-yard, who afls for 
the profecutor, and of Mr. Rice 
Williams, fen. who apprehended 
him) remanded to his former place 
of confinement. His ca(h being 
entirely exhaufted, Meflf. Williams 
and others contributed for his pre- 
ient fupporc. 

Q . Yeilerday a woman, late 

"^"- of Ellioi's-court in the Old 
Bailey, paper-bag maker, was tried 
at the fei&ons at Guildhall, for al- 
aoil (Urving to death asd cnwUy 
t 



beating her apprentice gir 
appeared on the trial, thi 
poor girl muft have periflii 
want of the common neceflaj 
lite, had not ibme of cfae i 
hours thrown eatables to hi 
of a window, when (he wu$ t 
a poll in the yard ; that wb< 
was at liberty to go out fli 
ohcn been feen to pick u{ 
devour with great eagcmeft 
toe peelings, and foch thii 
were thrown out for the do^s. 
prifoner was fentenced to iufll 
months tmp'rirooment in Nen 
to pay a fine of i a. and give 
rity for her good behaviour ft 
years. The girl was put o 
the pariih of Pancras. 

The following is the bill 
of fare at the entertainment 
given by Sir Watkin Wil 
Wynn, at Wynnftay, on hb 
ing of age. 

30 Bullocks 
1 Ditto roafted wholtf 

50 Hogs 

50 Calves 
80 Sheep 
18 Lambs 
70 Pies 

5 1 Guinea fowls 

37 Turkeys % 

12 Turkey poalta 
84 Capons 

35 Pie fowls 
300 Chickens 
360 Fowls * 

96 Ducklings 
48 Rabbits 
15 Snipes 

1 Leveret 

$ Bucks 
421 Pounds of falmeii 
30 Brace of tench 
40 Brace of carp 

36 Pike 

60 Dozen of tront 

io9 r 




CHRONICLE. 



l9S 



* of fluimBi 
SQi 

I* pickltd oylttn 
ind of rock oyfteri 
■ of oyAeri for lane* 



padding* 
:pi» 
piet 
piei 

paddmgi 
on pie*^ 
d piet 

t of cut pttlry 
i oket 
rcakei 
mear cake* 
I of bacon 



IDS of milk 
t* of crciBi' 
I* of poiatoei 

s of green peas 
rubers 

heidsofale 
n of wine 
im, and (hrab 
c Ihipc), ]dnJfca('ei, in 
ilinchmange, S:c. 
iiniiiy of lm»n paffry 
1 calk of ale, which held 
Gx bogftieadi. 
ought that there were at 
O people al dinner in Sir 
park, all at ibe fame 

; T CIRCUIT. 

drtone aOlses, fbar were 
raaviAed, two of whom 



were reprirved befoK Ae Judge 
left the town. 

At Chelnsfbrd affizet, eleven 
nvre capitally conviCled. 

At Aylelbury affixes, fi*« were 
capitally con viAed, tbres ofwbont 

At Bedford affizMi one was ca- 
pitally convifled. 

At the affixes at Cambridge, two 
were capitally conviAed ; a perfon 
for an attempt to commit a rape 
upon a child, was fentenced to 
faffer a year's imprironment, and 
to the payment of a fine. 

At Huntingdon allizetf three 
were capitally convified. 

At Oukham alBzcs, a private 
nan belonging to the Lincotnlhire 
miliria, received fentencc of deatb 
for horfe- Ileal ing, but was after- 
wards reprieved. 

At Nottingham aRizei, J(me* 
Wardley was condemned fornorfe- 
flcalinjr, but reprieved before the 
Judge left the town. 

At Theiford afiizea, one was ca- 
pitally conviAed, but reprieved. 

Ac Northampton iffizes> William 
Craddock and Anthony Harwood 
received fenlcncc of death, for 
crueltv wounding and robbing Mr, 
William Walker the younger, of 
Kingllhorne. 

At the adizes at Yoik, eleven 
were capitally coniiifled ; of whom 
William Varley aud Jame* Old- 
field, for diminiOiing the gold coin. 
were found guilty of hii^h Ireafon. 
John S!iirieliff, game-keeper to 
Savile I'inch of Thribcrg, Efq; 
charged with fliroiing William 
" ' ' il of above fevtn 









Lancafter alTizes, t 
capitally convitleii. jam 
van, for wilfully ft-tting f 
jail in Liverpool, is to r 
leoteiice next alijzes. 



96] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



A remarkable caufe came on at 
this affize, wherein the corpora- 
tion of Liverpool were pUntifFs, 
and the \ roprietors of the copper- 
works, contiguous to that town, 
were defendants ; when, after exa- 
mining 35 witnefTes in behalf of 
the plaintiffs, who provfd beyond 
a doubt, that the noxious effluvia 
of the faid works, were pernicious 
to health, injurious to the herb- 
age, and a nuifance to the neigh- 
bourhood, it was agreed, that the 
calcining part fhould be imme- 
diately difcontinued, and the pro- 
prietors be allowed two years to 
remove :he works to a more remote 
£tuation. 

At Shrewfbury afEzes, two were 
capitally convifled. Sarah Evans, 
for attempting to murder her maf- 
ter, is to be imprifoned for three 
years, and find iecurities for her 
good behaviour for fcven years. 

At the aiiizes at Stafford, David 
Slack, for forging a draft of 20 1. 
on Mcfl*. Butler and Tons, of Bir- 
mingham, and procuring a forged 
indorfement on the fame, was ca- 
pitally cunvi^ed. 

At Warwick afTizes, four were 
capitally convided. 

At Hereford affizes, nine pri- 
foncrs were tried for the murder 
of William Powell, Efq; fix of 
whom received fentencc of death, 
and were ordered for execution on 
Friday lafl, and their bodies to be 
diffedlcd ; but two were afterwards 
ordered to be hung in chains near 
the place where the murder was 
committed ; and three were ac- 
quitted ; the names of thofe left 
ior execution were, William Spig- 
got, David Lewellin, Charles 
David Morgan, William Morris, 
William Walter Evan, and Da- 
vid Morgan. This trial laftcd 

5 



from feven in the mOrnin 
eight at night. 

At the above aflize* ^ 
Corbyn for fheep- dealing, 
Webb for borfe-llea]iog« 
Charles fiurget's for :ftealiD| 
179. were alfo capitally 
vidlcd. 

At Monmouth afTizet, twi 
capitally convided for Iheep 
ing, but were reprieved for 
porcation. 

At Worcefter aflizes, thre 
capitally convided, one of 
was reprieved ; and four we 
dered to be tranfported for 
years. 

At Glouceder aflizes, eigh 
capitally convided, among 
was Sarah Pulham, for fettii 
to the barn and ricks of R 
Cook. 

At Salifbury aflizes, John I 
lin, for robbing the aiail < 
road between Marlboroagl 
Chippenham ; and jofeph ] 
for ilcaling a mare at Sber 
were capitally convided. 

At Winchellcr aflizes, fba 
capitally convided. 

They write from Dablifl 
their export of linen it V 
7,000,014 yards than itwastl 
before: in 1768, it was 18,4;) 
in 1769, 17,790,705. 

Ex/ra£f of a Letter from Portj 
Jpril 13« 

Arrived and failed the Col 
Oliver, for St. Kitt't. Sail 
Northumberland Eafl-indi 
and juil now Admiral Elpk' 
and all his fquadron have w 
from Spithead, but whether 1 
bring to at St, Hellen's or ; 
uncertain, as the wind it fai 
fquadroa confiftt of four fl 




CHRONICLE. [97 

ic, two fi-igatc), one bofpi»]- >hu Serjeant Bacon of the firft 

and five nan^tirti. regiment. And Sdi-jeant Parlce of 

-ii, Jfril 6. The Pope hii the Colddrcam regiment; Wil- 

dblifhcd a boll, by which hit liam Powell, William Hart, James 

A has granted an univerrnl l*oiter, aod Jofeph Collini; pii- 

Cj upon occafioo of hij exil- rate foldiers In the £rft regiment 

to the fee. It ii to com- of foot-guardi, were more or left 

; the 9di of thu month, and concerned in the tkk^ie of Major- 

00 the sad. General Ganfel], in September 

lail; the King hopes, and ii M\- 

w&miiig txiraertiinarj jieceant ling to believci thej did not icnow 

it r*<eivei//rem /ufy. the Major-Generai wai arrefted, 

and only ihouglii they ivere deli- 

-. Campani, an eminent Ita- vering an officer in dinrels: how- 

phyfician, 'i^ feni adnce to ever his Majelty commaadi, thai 

tforealt, a famons praAitloner they Ihoald be feTcrcly reprimand- 

odena, of the following ex- «d for afiing in this baflnefs at 

linary fiQ, which is properly they have done ; and llriaiy orders 

nticaied. *— " The wife of for the fbture. that no commif- 

ncr, living at a villagt called fioned officer or Ibldier do prefume 

ipapoH, aged 35 yean, being to ibierfere with bailiffs, of arrells, 

: fevcndi month of her preg- on any acconnt or pretence wh it- 

', on the I tth of January laft, feever, the crime being of a very 

dilUnaiy the criei of the atrocious nature ; and if any are 

flw bore in her womb; the found gailiy of difobeying this or- 

ad and feveral other perfoul der, they will be moll feverely 

heard it the f^e day; and paniOied. This order to be read 

/ter. when ftie was at charch immediately at the bead of every 

^era, the child cried fo an- company in the brigade of guards, 

. and ft) flrtHigly imitated th6 that no roan may plead ignorancd 

of a new-born infant, that for the future. 

fiole codgregation concluded The inceCTant rains that foc> 

a child DTOBght to be bap- ceeded a prodigious fait of fnow 

Mr. Campani adds, he has npon the Pyrenean mountains, fo 

1 the poor woman feveral fwelled the rivers in the fouifa of 
, oho ii greatly concerned at France, that the floods bore down 
■ovelty. and daily falls away, houres, mills, men, and cattle, and 
ire impatient here to know laid wafte a whole traft of coantr]^ 
rent of this fingalar mvacle of a vail extent. The deplorable 
nre." fiiuation of ihofe who cfcaped this 

flood is not to be cxprelTcd. 

The following order camfi The new Bridge at Knul^ford, 

mt to the brigade of guards, near Leominfter, tell down after it 

:, Hoiinflow. was keyed in. 

O. His Majelly has figni- At ih- falc of Mr. Lemon's cu- 

o the field otl^ccr in I'-.-iJc- rinus coiUftion of birds, a fold 

hat he has been acquainted plieafant was fold for to guineas, 

t. Xill. [//J and 



981 ANNUAL REGISTER. 1770. 

and a peacock pheaiftnt for 40 
gaincat. 



ExtraSI of a Letter from Mr. Boulton, 
hit Surgeon of the Ddigbt^ dated 
Little Capo Mount 9 Dec. 10» 1769, 
to bis Owner at Li'uerfooL 

" On Sonday laftj about three in 
the morningy we were all (who lay 
in the cabin) altrmed with a moft 
horrid noife of the negroes> which> 
was fucceeded by feveral fhriek» 
from Mr. Howard and feveral of 
the people opoh deck. Surprized 
at inch an uncommon uproar, I 
ilrove to awake Capt. Millroy» but 
before I could make him fenfible 
of what had happened, I received 
a ftroke over my flioulders with a 
billet of wood, as alfo a cut wiih 
a cutlafs on the back part of my 
neck. 

The cries of Mr. Howard, who 
was murdered under cbe wind* 
lafs, as alfo thofe of feveral of the 
people, whom the villians were 
butchering on the main deck, had 
thrown me into fnch a (late of Cu- 
pidity, that I did not in the lead 
feel the wounds I had received. 
Having by accident got hold of a 

riilol, which to my mortification 
found not loaded, I dtared my 
way till I got upon deck ; bat how 
(hall I paint the fcene that there 
was ading ? Gilbert Bagly, a pro- 
miilng young man, was laid upon 
deck crying for mercy, having had 
his arms and legs cut off by thefe 
butchtrrs. Poor Millroy dabbed 
one in the fide, and cut another in 
the forehead before he was over- 
come. 

I (aw none left bu^ myfelf, the 
cook, and one boy, ivhich were all 
in the maintop together ; and .ibout 
an hour afur two others appeared. 



one of which was camhe an 
in pieces^ and the other gol 
the top. I broke open the cb 
the maintop to look ftr ki 
bottles, &ۥ 

In the maintop I farad 
knives, tw« quart bottles, qm 
gallon ditto, which I gave 
knife excepted) to the peopk 
me ; and going down the mm 
mail (lay, I got into the fin 
where I got another knife, 
was returning op the ftajr ] 
difcovered by the jivei* wbo: 
all in their power to kill 
throwing billets of wood, a» 
me ; however, I wu not 
daunted after I got into the 1 
top, as I knew we were thei 
to defend ourfelvei againft 1 
their weapons^ except aa 
which I was in hopes thejri 
not eafily come at. Bet a m 
who lay in the cabin GxM 
them in a method how to co 
every thing that might coa 
or forward their defiga. Ai 
had cut both their cablet 
time before, 1 found we drof c 
fall towards the Apolio* y 
veifel I hailed feveral timfli 
was at laft heard, Bnt I ki 
fooner hailed than the m 
ciful butchers fired two mnfl 
me, which fo terrified one c 
people in the too, that he 
down, thinking, by afiifting 
ine fail, &c. they would fpaj 
li^, but he was much dece 
no fooner had he got dowi 
ftirouds, but his (kull was 
with the broad-axe, and his 
thrown overboard. 

Captain Fi(her gave ns i 
and about eight o'clock came 
iu gun (hot of us, and harinj 
a great gun into the vcflcl 
wretches were fO inccnfcd a 




Mt ibey fired 17 nuf- ginment hRppened between th^ 
E top, wounded a fmall loldicry and ihc towns-peopTe> 
i no other damage, wherein four perlana were killed 
' * in the foot, and fcvcral dangeroaj]/ 
raunded. 

Monday morning early a Sre 
brolce OuL at a houle the bottom of 
Wych-itreer, behind St. Cleaieol'i, 
onfumed the fame, 
with a cbandier'a {bop, and a glafs- 
cotters, and gready damaged the 
infide of the houfe of Mr. Man- 
ning, breechet-maker. It burnt 
backward), and much damaged the 
AngeUinn. St. Clemenl't church 
was opened for the reception of the 
goods of the fuffereri ; and a party 
of the guards waj fem for from ihe 
Savoy to f levcni their being plun- 
dered. 



f could not get thei 
bear upon at, a lefo- 
iBpicd coming up the 
a pilbil and cutlafi to 
3<it with a ijuart bottle 
orer the bead, whidi which ectirely c 
ia tlut he fell c 



iged Capt. Filher four 
.lied ohe oF hit people j 
hey. I believe, have 

foon had not a baricl 
lown up, and fei (he 
I fixe and aft. I im- 
«w their conruGon, 

FUhcr from the ma&- 
rd hcri and went down 

deck, followed by the 
faall boy, which were Cefjeftht^tfii 



leJi alive on board 
IM. At foon as Capi. 
led tier, we fee to work 
At the £re, u moil of 
I die vcfTel wa» in a 

total loft i cannot well 
It Ml forry 
»li tutriag 

with at leaft double 

! Lord Mayor, attended 
' Aldermen Lad broke, 
rarner, Treco thick 



riftrrtJtt CstM- 



il by Ibt AUtrmen, m Mr. mihi' 
EUahn/ir ibt fFard »/ Farring- 

Is Mr. Wilkei's faid cleAion to 
e office of Alderman a valid one I 
obferve And Is he, by law, eiuiiled to be 
admitted by the faid court of Al- 
dermen, by virtue of, or ia pur- 
fuance of the faid eleflion i 



are of opinion, that the 
judgment pronounced againfl Mr. 

: ia proccllion to Wilkes, did not render him, by 

• order to fwejr in law, incapable of being clcded an 

«. &(q: Aldeiman of Alderman of the city of London; 

Wilbour, when ihc mo- and that, apon fuch eleAion, he 

t purpofe wai carried may be admitted into the office by 

vibon. Afterwards he the court of Aldermen ; — but we 

ucc from the time of ihink it doubtful whether that 

, wkich wi« before court is compellable to admit 

iMB Roffilcr, Biid, and bim. 

ift. Jfril 17. iy6o. 

I actoanu from Bofloa. Wm. De f— 

|[1*imI, it appeui. that Ch. Yorki 

f iMarcb, a wrrible en- J. Oi 



I 

i 





Wm. De Gjey, J. Glynn. 

"• " • kd. : ■ • 



tool ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770- 

S. I^tETCHE. Norton^ J./'^r A bill -^ ^fS^i S^^^^ 

to tbi aitrve Sbfiftion, at Htcks's Hill agatnR the Auim^ 

I am of opinion, that Mr. Wilkes 9 iflued for the apprclicoding him. 
cKttion into the office of Alder- rpj^^ fcflions at the Old Bailcyi 
man, is not a valid cleft ion ; and ^.j^j^.^ ^^g^^ ^ WedneMey> eode* 
that he is not. by law, cniiiled to ^^^ Middlefex, when thirty «■- 
be admitted by the Court of Al- ^^^ received fcntcnce of dceiht 
dcrroen, by virtue of, or in pur- ajj,ong whom were fcwr girU. *• 
fuance of the faid elsdion i and I ^^^^^ „q^ feventcen, lor a robbery 
think the crimes of which Mr. ^^ ^j^^ highway. At this WBoM 
Wilkes has been conviftcd, are of ^ greater number of prifooeri weif 
fuch a nature, as affords a legal ^^ ^^ ^^ied than ever was kvornn^ 

- ... .. v_ -n..... ^*- AMi-r. jijgrct^jpg no lefs than S3* "P* 

the Calendar, including thflfc « 

London as well as Middlefex. u4 

ihofe under fenicnce at former W* 

fions. As foon as fenience mu 

paffcd, the widow of Bigby, wit 

was murdered upon Weftmmto- 

Bridge, lodged an appeal agnat 

the two Kennedy's, who at a fora^ 

fcffions were found gu'^'^.f*,** 

murder, but had been refpited fcf 

his Majerty's clemency, and ooe« 



juftification to the Court of Alder 
men for refufing to admit him ; or, 
had Mr. Wilkes been in poffcffion 
of the office, there would be caufe 
or a motion : Defides, hi:» prelent 
incapacity to attend the duty of the 
office, furniihci another ohjcftion 
againll admitting him ; and it the 
Court of Aldermen wi(h to have 
tbis great cohftitutiousl qucllion 
cnoft fatisfadorily decided, it may 

be done, without lofi of time, and ^^^ .viajcuy ■ ticw^w*./* ""'■ V^ j 
at no great expence, by pulling ^y^^^ [Matthew] aMally on h«i 
Mr. Wilkes to bring his Writ of j„ ^^der to be tranfported for W. 
Mandamus to be admitted, and p^trick was brought «> the !»■ 
then returning the fpecial matter, • • •-— i^j-— i .«.;.ll Wm. 
upon which the judgment of the 
Court of King's Bench may be oh- 
tailed i and if either party (hould 
be diffaiished with the determina- 
tion of that Court, ihc caufe may 
be carried by Writ of Lrror, into 
the Houfe of Lords. 

LificrU^S'Inn, 

JpriL 21, 1770. F.Norton. 

At the m.ifipcradc at the 
*^^^' opcra.hoiifc, gi^cn by the 
club at Arthur*., there were more 
than 1200 of the principal nobili- 
IV. foreign minifters, and perlor.s 
of cmineuc-j prcfent. The lilumi- 
niLlions wire in the fame llylc with 
ih..fi- in the luafqucradc given by 
t:»c Kng of Denmark, but much 
improvcJ. 



and a detainer lodged ngainft 
and on Monday a warrant wn 
iffued for bringing back Maiihe^ 
The fociety o? AgricoUaie W 
the Eaft Riding of Yorkfliire,cW 
Sir Digby Legard, Bart, their pie 

fident. 

This morning, a little j 
before two o'clock, n fire 
broke out in the lower part of tt 
houfe of Mcffrs. Fry and WeW 
paper -llainers. ton Holbom-hil 
near the end of Shoe-lane, wh» 
was confumcd, with the furoiu 
and ftock in trade ; Mr, W^ 
Mrs. Fry's mother, an apprentK 
and a maid fervant, periflicd 
the flames ; Mr. and Mrs. Fry, a 
their chiM, efc.iped by a back-wi 
The lit'ufc of Mr. Bridgewti 

gvoc 




CHRONICLE. loi 

U lUs coiTnined, with having rctron to Mien Hiat mar* 

IK tod ftock in craJe. guodi woa\d be run by the ftmc 
reflel, rrdrred hit beat to be man- 

' LoffSOK Gazstti. nei, aiwl went out to mtke hi* <vl>- 

)f iheHoafeorCamnioni. fervaiiooi, when he flilcorered th< 

i& Dit Afrilii, 1770. cutter Handing at a diftance, waii- 

L, that Mr. Speaker do ing, ai wai lupfiofcd, for the te- 

;ive noiicc, init the fnin turn of the boat, out of which Xhm 

'lion five hundred thou- firft cargo waa feifed. Mr. fiilhop 

Ji capital Hoclc of annui- ihen made towardi her, but neve* 

the rate of three pound* returned, b^ing ran down, it ia 

l*ftr fntmiK, eftabiiOicd thmight, by t!ie fma^rfiltn, bf 

nade in the apth year of which i(t of cmelty, Mr. fiiih«^ 

of hi* late Majelty King and hii boat's crew, confifting of 

le Secoad, intituled, Ao five Rout Aen, oil perilhcd in the 

iDting 10 hii MajcUy the lea. One only hai yet be«n talten 

roilliont, to be raifed up, aboflt a mile from the ptaea 
■nnuitiei and ■ lottery, where the firft feiiore wa» made. 

ed on the Sialdivg Fund, This day at noon came on. at 

e by parliMnent, and St. Paul's, Covcnt • Garden, th« 

ing to Irclud, the lawi election of a reprefentative in par* 

lit Iciogdom againll pri- li^ment for the city atid liberty of 

nnlaorhil lotteries, will WeAmi niter, in the lOooi of'tt>e 

led and paid off on the Hon. Edwin Sandy), noiv Lord 

of February nexr, after Saady*i when Sir Robert Bernard 

1 the intereft then pay- was' clctled without oppornioii. 
fpeA of ihe f^tnie, agree- The voten were fe determined that 
c ctaufet and powari of Sir Robert Bernard fliouU ntit 
1 CODtained in the faid fpend n fhiiling nn his clefiion, 

that they would not (afftr him even 

order, thus lignified and to pay for ihe chocolate made vie 

Ihed by me, ii to he fuf- of in the yifirj"- 

t notice of tbe re-pay- A iotiery bill pafM the Honfe 

9f one DifUion five hun- of C-omiBon« upon an entire nettr 

thoaland pound), for plan, very advantageoui to the 

I ihe laid anauitiea were public. There are jo,oc0 tickets, 

iOied, and of the redeinp- valued at 14 1. each, but intrinfl- 

of the annnilici at are cally worth only 10 1, each. Aod 

ling the fame. in o*tder to induce the ftock-holders 

Fn. Norton, Speaker, of 4 percent, bank aonuitie* tp 

hi April iS, wa* brought fublcrihe their Hock into the ] per 

hii Majelly's warebonle cents, confolidated, every fubfcriber 

mk, by Mr. JohnBifhop, of icol. capital (lock, is to have 

ther officeri, (33 bagi of two lottery tickets on the payment 

jaing in quantity about of zo I. which two ticketi, it is 

part of the' cargo of the fuppofed, will fell for 30 1, before. 

Iter, Capi. Hiirvey — On the drawing of tbe tottery be^in*. 

•f Uk stth, Mr. BiOiep, The tickeu that remain unfub. 
m 3 fcribed 



loa] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

icrilxd for in tUi maoner, are to late gare them tbe noptial I 

be fold at the rate of 14]. each, didion with the afaal ecu 

and thofe who fubfcribe are to have nies. 

the option of the porchafe, in pro- After this ceremony the i 

portion to their refpedive inb- phineis admiited tlie ladies t 

uription. auiience, .<nd.to kiis her k 

VUnnat April 2i. On Thorf- there followed a public fyp 

day lad at fix oi the clock in the during which the malic of the 

evefiing the court aifemblcd in pel prrlormeJ feveral irmlian 

the church of the Augu(lini» paf- ai:d d liferent pieces of mufic 

iing through the gallery which Dikd lately* at her but mt 

leads to it from the palace. This wood, Bridget, the Q^teen ^ 

gallery was illuminared from one Gipfeys, who died wortb s 

end to the other witti wax l.ghts 1000 1. 

in glafs fcoBCCs, orn.iiii^Ated with At FoataineHleau, one Pa 

flowers; on each fide of it were Chaalon, in the 106th year ol 

two lines of grenadiers ; 'and the age. 

veltible, at the top of the (lairs. At Mpntaubon, M. Jeaa 

leading to the Augu0ins, was de- ment, widow of the Sieur Soi 

corated with large luftres and fcon- of Figeac, aged 103 yeara. 

ces, fattened by cords formed into 

fedioons of flowers. " 

Near the high altar, on the gof- MAY. 
pel-fide, was a canopy, under 

which were two chairs of date for A motion was made ia 

their Imperial Majeftles: At a the Iloufe of Peers bv thi 

fmall diliance from this canopy. Earl of Chatham, for bnngio^ 

and in the fame line, were other bill declaring the r^-folotioos c 

flate- chairs for the royal family: Houfe of Commons, with r 

An alcove with th^ two ilate-chairs to the expulfion of Mr. W 

was ereded in the front "f the lU* to be illegal and arbitrary ; 

tar for the Archduke Pcrdimmd, after a long debate, the iauK 

the Proxy for the Dauphin, to ef. rejeded by a majority of 469 

poufe the Archdutchefa in his being 89 againft it to 43 ia i 

name. of it; among the latter tw 

When their Majefties were feau ihops only. Dr. Fwer, btfli 

cd under the cancp; , the Arch- Bangor, and Dr. Keppel, I 

duke Ferdinand and the Arch- of Kxeter. 

dutchefs took the places appro- The Lord Biihop of C 
priated for them in the front of prefented ChriU's hofpital % 

the altar, which was magnificently benefadlion of 200 1. on whi< 

adorned. After the benedidioo thanks of the court were or 

of the nuptial rings bjr M. Vif- to be given, and a ilaff to bt 

conti, the Pope's Nuncio, ailifted to his lord (hip. 

by fe?eral Bifliops and Mitred Ab- The Pelham Cutter, in th 

bots, and by the clergy of the vice of his Majefty's cuAom 

Court, their Royal HighnefTes ad- tkmed at Beaumaris, being 1 

Yanoed to the altar, and that pre* chor at Port Uiby'a Baj» 



CHRONICLE. 



[103 



I at Wales, wu piruiciily at- 
E*d b; ttn large l<i<uggt>ng 
en. and a large wherry, tlie 
w ot which fired upon ihe of- 
n (M boaiJi drove ihe men do 

• for the prerervation of ihcir 
I, boardca the Pclham, and 

I piMdercd ker, «Qd drove faer a- 
I MM KBiong the rcclu. 

Letter* from Bourdeaiuc bring 

ta accoant of a terrible accident 

fat bappentrd there on Sunday 

I ^ Sih of Apri), by the rifing of 

I tlie waicriof die Garronoe. That 

r wai full of chalapi and ftn*\l 

Litflcb. laden with the goodi and 

' 'et of poor people. A Urge 

me down by the violence 

■rrent, broke the cable 

I hulk, which fct adrift 

_.i ftipi, and thefo drew 

rrins with lAem a hundred of 
I Ikfe £a»ll craft, <vhich were all 
I ^txn lotnfdt the Tea. The fight 
i«<irC3dral. The crews of many 
I af tbcfe veflel* happened to be a- 
I Aore; xbair who were on board 
I GMld do BOthicig but pray to Cud 
I 10 kare aicrcy upon them. Moll 
I W'lhr fmall craft pcrifhcd with all 
t bond i three or four of 
Idw firipi were entirely funk, and 
t of the reft were cither 
Im agrouftd. or Itiarcd (he fate 
(sf tkete thai perilhed. The whvie 

• efttmatcd at fix millions of 

About 10 o'clock at night, 

I jnang man wa« mur tally 

' ', in bi» way home from 

[ he wai fct upon by 

I vUiainj, whom he re- 

t a third Rarung up with 

rbufi, difchargcd it full 

brdy. which tore him in 

t manner that hi) bowels 

t ont. alter which they made 

r aSetpt nithost robbing him. 



He lingered a few dayi and then 
died. The murderen have fince 
been taken. 

A dreadful fire broke tmt in the 
little Town of Etdgafon, about 
two mites from Hanover, by 
which i£o houfes were reduced to 
allien. 

By virtue of a warrant under the 
feal of Great-Britain, directed to, 
and received by John Toke, Efqt 
at RocheHer, High Sheriff for the 
County oi Kent, proper officers 
were difpati.hed to the tranfpori 
fhip then in the Down*, to liike 
into CTiilody, by attachment, the 
body of Mattheiu Kcnofiy, to an- 
fwcr to the appeal I'f.^na Bigby, 
widow, touching the murdef of 
her hulband ; in confequence of 
which, -.hr faid MAtihew Kennedy 
was fafelf Iddged in Mdiditoae 
gaol. When a motion (or the a- 
boTC warrant v. a moved for at 
the Old Bailey, the Recorder of 
London told the Council who 
made it, thii he had no power to 
Hop him, nor even to bold him 
if he had been prclcnt, unlefg a 
bill had been foniid in conleciuenct 
of the appeal : To which the 
Lord Mayor made a fpinted an- 
fwer, and told him, that he would 
lake it upon hlmfelf, and would 
fi^^n the warrant! which he did, 
and difpBtchcd it immediairly : 
hisLorddiipnlfoordercd Mr. Aker- 
man to detain Pafick Kennedy ; 
and ulfored the whole Court, that 
no niut<!rrer Ihould ever cfcape 
juftice while he lived, and was a- 
ble to bring him to it— and that 
he himfcxf wuld be anfwrrable 
for every bad cnnli-'jueoce which 
might arifc from the fuppofcd il- 



the next fcffiuni. 



> trial a 



io4l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



By letters from Cadiz we learn, 
that the S anifh galleon, called 
Adventurs, which has been a long 
time exp' c\c«i from Peru, is at 
length arrived in that harbour^ 
after a dangerous voyage of eight 
months : S^e was intangled in 
vail quantities of ice near Cape 
Horn, and the crew during a 
whole month expedled to pcriih 
every inilant. They were at one 
part oi that period thrown upon a 
Hoating bank of ice, and carried 
in that extraordinary fituation, be- 
tween feven and eight leagues* 
After vaiious perils, they had the 
good fortune to get into Rio Ja- 
ibt'iro. The little hopes there were 
of the return of thii vefl'cU occa- 
sioned her to be infured at lo per 
cent. 

. A motion was made in the 
^ ' Houlf of Lords, for prcfcnt- 
ing an aJdrefs to his Majeliy, that 
he would be graciouHy plea fed to 
inform the houiCj who the pcrfon 
was, that advii'ed his iVlajedy to 
2*1 ve orders for proroguing the 
iiifh Parliament, when that Hep 
uas taken ; but it was tcjcded. 

T«^o prizes were contended for 
by the MaHcrs of /irts, at the 
Univerfity of Glafgow ; the ivrft 
tor the encouragement of elocu- 
tion; the Oiher for the advance- 
jneut of phyiic. The fcrfl was de- 
Tcrmined in favour of William 
Cruckihank; the iecond in favour 
of I^Tr. Archibald Arthur. 

'J he Duke of Richmond had 
lately a nnnow cfcape for hi^ life : 
it fi-cms hi^ Crrkce h^ih long had a 
v.olf at Cicodwcod, \\hicb was bred 
up tame ; but breaking his chain 
cne day* nature took place* and 
he marched otF into the country, 
but being followed by feveral men» 
uts brought back and placed 



as before. His Grace afce/wardf 
going alone to view hims the crea- 
ture Hew at bim« and catch ed lc^ 
of his waillcoat opon the belly t 
but that giving way. hit Grace 
was retreating, when the beafta- 
gain catched hold of the ikirt of 
his coat ; but fortunately bis Graei 
after a long firuggle etcapcdi 
leaving part of his coat bebiii4 
him. The beaft was iminediaicly 
(hot. 

A letter received at Breft fiom 
the Guinea coall informs^ that s 
French (laving (hip* Captain Giaa- 
dier, having been furprifed by as 
infarreftion of the negroetf who 
murdered moft oi the crew ; the 
joiner, finding lio poflibilitx to ct 
cape the like face, h^d fet iic to 
the powder-room, and blew thf 
veflel up with two hundred afid 
feventy-four (laves on board. 

A few days ago a fervant nia 
that lived with Mr. Holacii ^ 
brickmaker at Woolwich, told Us 
mailer that he had fomething very 
heavy on his mind : his naAer 
allied him what it was? when be 
toid him, that he had formerly 
been a fmuggler, and aboat (il 
months ago had murdered a drs* 
goon, and defired that he mgfy 
be carried before a magi^aie ; 
he accordingly was carried bclbre 
Jullice RuiTell, where he nade an 
ample confedicn of the whole, acd 
was committed to Maidflcne gaoL 
They write from Har- ^ 
wich, that on Tuefday * 
night as Mr. Day, wheelwright, 
at Ram lay, with his wife, filtert 
journeyman, apprentice, aad a 
girl about fourteen, were return- 
ing from our fair- in an open bo?t 
near the (ho re, the boy went up 
(he mall to make the fail dear, 
which overfet the boat, and the 

wile 




CHRONICLE. [loj 

wu carried tw?x by the jeanti voiiag it tbc faid FonTt, wat 

and drowoed. The faolbaod abfolutely and fiaalty deteratioed 

ipprentice went in fearch of ia their favour. 
and plboged about the ooie A gentleman !n town bai laid be- 

hey tound a fmall boat, in fore a learned body a new invented 

1 from faiigpe and cold they method of hatching chicken*, and 

lad expired. The fitler wai reiiing cheni quicker for ihe f|Mt 

[kt off ihe mod about feven than ever wai before difcovered; 

text momiog, aod died loon tor which that refpeflibte fociety 

; but tbe gul and joutney- ba* bonoared him with a gold me- 

wbo were toond at the fame dal. The proceft is as follows :— 
, arc likely to recover. The chickens are to be taken away 
le fallowing remarkable cata- from the hen ihc night after batch- 
he happened to a married ed, and are to be replaced with 
le ia the city, who were bu- eggs, on which the heti will con- 
a few days ago :— The wif.- linuc to lit, for a fecond and a third 
jetwixt twenty and thirty, and brood. When firft taken from the 
httlband eight or ten yean hen, they are to be fed with eggi, 
-. Tkey went to bed in good boiled hard and chopt fine, mixed 
hi and is ihe norning, the with bread, ai larki and other 

waking, fbuDd her hnfb^nd birdi are fed, for a fortnight ; after 

and cold, from whence it which give them oatmeal and irea- 
it be concluded, that he had cle, lb mixed that it will cram- 
red five or fix boors before, ble, of which the chickens are fo 
appeared to beat the lofi with fond, and with which they thrive 
erate concern and foititnde, fo f-ift, that at two months end 
ihe corpfe wai carried out of they will be u large a] full-growa 
boolc to be buried j at which fowl;. 

: ihe burii into a violent fl^-od '0e king and daaphin of . 

Wi, which were fucceeded by France had the £rtl inter- > 

wfcea her Gii went off, her view with the young daaphtnefi. 

H) appeared to have left her. They met at the bridge of Berne 

ifi a great degree her fenfet, in the forell of Compeigne, and 

he feemcd infenfible of every their Gril faluiaiion wu very tcn- 

g that palTcd; and in this der and affefting. 
: Ihe continued two days, and A court of common c^on- , 

,di(d. cil was held, to cooiider of '*"•■ 

The report wa* made to an addtel'i, petition, and remon- 

** bis Majolly of the malcfac- Ilrance to hii Majelty, upon hla 

nnder femence of deati« in Majefty's anfwer to ihe addrers, 

t'gate, when tbirieeD were or- petition, and renioni'.tance of the 

;d for execution, and feventeen commun-hall, and oF the tcfolu- 
ited. tiuni and addrefi of both houfca 

Vm held by Sir Robert Lad- of parliameoE (hereupon ; when a 
cr, a general court of eleAors motion was made, t!iat the part 

he (Icn. Artillery Company, rrfpeAing the mfwer given b> bit 
n the long coniclled dif|>ule Majclty Ihoiild be left oat ; but o« 
e£ling the Ifgiliiy of the Ser- a diviSoD, fevec aHerrocn, and 



io6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



105 commoners, were for rettia- 
ing the part rerpe6ling his Ma- 
jefty's aniWer, and eight aldermen, 
and fifty-feven commoners, were 
for rejeding the part refpefting his 
Majcfty's anfwer, and for confining 
it to the Middlefex ele^ion only. 

Then a motion was made, that 
a committee be appointed, and 
that they do immediately with- 
draw, and prepare an humble pe- 
tition, addrefs, and remonftrance, 
refpe^ing the Middlefex ele£lion, 
and the anfwer given by his Ma- 
jefty to the livery addrefs, &c. 
And the following committee was 
appointed, viz. 

Aldermen, Trecothick, Stephen - 
ion, Cro(by, Townfiiend, Saw- 
bridge, Wilkes. 

Commoners. George Bellas, 
Efq; Mr* Beardmore, Samuel 
Freeman, Efq; Deputy Judd, De- 
puty Sainlbury, Mr. Sharp, Mr. 
Anderfon, Mr. Bifiiop, Mr. Bur- 
ford, Mr. William Wilfon, Mr. 
Plomer, Mr. Shove, 

They withdrew, and prepared 
the addrefs, &c. accordingly, and 
prefentcd it to the court. On a 
divifion, for the addrefs, &c. feven 
aldermen, and oi commoners : 
againft it, ^x aldermen, and 40 
commoners. 

The Earl of Chatham made a 
motion in the houfe of lords, for 
an addrefs to the king, todefire he 
would diflblve thia prefent parlia- 
ment. He dated the public dif- 
content in England, Ireland, and 
America ; affirmed that the peo- 
ple had QO confidence in the pre- 
fent houfe of commons, and (hew- 
ed from the iituation of public af- 
fairs, the great neceflity of having 
a parliaiqent, in whom the peo- 
ple can place a proper confidence. 
ArgtuDcntJ, however^ were in rain. 



the queftion wat called fb 
carried in the negatiTe. 

Naples, Jfrilz^ The 
of Dorfet arrired kere ott ' 
day laft ; and hit courier, a 
mootefe, baring had fome 
with the matter of the lerrj 
who demanded more than k 
at the pailage of the Gnrij 
and thefe worda havine pn 
blows, the ferryman de]ib< 
fetched a gan, which he pre 
at the courier who waa then 
boat with his mailer ; on tli 
courier jumped out of the 
and fcreened himfelf behind 
peafants who were ftandinj 
but the ferryman ftill takii 
aim at the courier, the latti 
up to him, who (hothimdeac 
the fpot. His Sicilian M 
being informed of thia trani 
immediately iffued his orde 
apprehending the ferryman* 
it is moft probable that he 
into the Roman ftate. 

This morning, between 
three and four o'clock, a 
fire broke oot at the honfe 
Pool, in Palferave-head conn 
out Temple-bar, which con 
the fame with all the fiin 
The family were obliged to 
out of the windows to (are 
lives; three of whom were 
hurt. The houfe of Mr. Wil 
furgeon, and all his furnitare 
of Mr. Wifliaw, taylor, hi 
niture, and a large qnanti 
gentlemens doaths, &c. to 1 
fiderable value, were burn 
watchmaker's houfe was lil 
confumed, and part of Mr. 
ning't tea warehoufe is 
down ; not one houfe in thfi 
on either fide efcaped the n 
the flames, but moft of thei 
greatly damaged. Several 



CHRONICLE. [107 

-feu who ibreed theit way in to recc:vet9 the Daupbinfft From di« 

*inv the &n were Dear being hand> or his Cxcelleocy the Prince 

f VvieJ nader the raiai of one of dc Suhrenbcrg, Pleatpoteiitiary 

; At hoalei which fell down. It ii from the Emptefs Queen.—" Th« 

ttd. that K grattewoiuii was (o honoi'r.:ble rammilHoi) which the 

■kIi bamt, that Ihe died foon Kin^; my Mafler hu been pleafed 

■far. to tntri:^ me with, enhance! the 

The livery of the worthipful mcarure of gratiiudc which I owe 

HMany of Goldrmithi met at tor favour* received tram him. { 

ikc Half-Mooa tavern in Cheap- want no other fciicity but co be 

He, lad DnaDimoufly rerolved, able m reprcfent faitbtully to your 

tkit the warden of their company Hif^hnefi the featimenu of hie 

flgald not bejuftified for difohedi. Majelly, and hii ardent defire to 

Mce to the Lord Mayor's precept ; fee you partake of liii tcnderncfs 

ltd thcjr declared their readinef* wich the reft of hii Royal Fanily. 

■ tcftify their obedience to iheir The whole nation, whofa inierpre- 

duef magilL-aie un all occaGoos, ter I am. fight for the happy mo- 

larticslarly on thai of a late com- ment which ia to annoance to two 

MM hall. great emptret the pn-pctniiy of 

The thirteen conviAa ordered their happinefs, by fecurie? to 

far ezeCDiian, were conveyed to two of the moS ancient faaiibes of 

Tyb«m ia £re carti. and executed the univerfe the bandt wliJch units 

■Ecording to their fentcnce ; moft them. What ought we not to hope 

rf them were boyi, the eldelt not for from a Princcfi, brought up in 

■bove twenty. two ; fomc of them virtue by an augu.l mother, the 

»ere greatly affected, others fo glory of her fex, and mother of 

hardened, that they ridiculed the ki-'g^i formed by furh grrat ex- 

puaifhrncnt of death, and Uaghed amples, the Dauphinefa will fini 

11 their coBpaniont for being a- in (he happinefi (he enjovi, the 

friiJ of it. pledge of that which the wfll pro- 

The ceremony of the noptials of cure to Fiance." 

the Dsophik and D4uphinefs was Thiiday liiiMajefiy went . 

perforoMd at the chapel royal at to the Houfe of Peers, and *9 "* 

VerlaiUct, by the Archbilbop of ^ave the royal alTent 10 the foUow- 

Rheimt. After ftipper. the King ing bills, viz. 

having coDduaed their liighnein-s The bill fir {rrantln^ to his M». 

lo their apartment, and tnc bene- jefly a futn out of ihe finici;:^ hind, 

difiion 0/ the b?il h:Lving been and Icr applying certain monies 

Bade by the Archbifbop, the King therein miniii'ned for the Ittviix 

delivered the Ihirt to the Dauphin ; ofthL' prclciuyenr. 

and the Dutchefi of Chartres per- The bill lor leli-cmir? the c<~ 

formed the fame oiiice to the pit'il or joint I'.ol k o: .tnnuitiet, 

Daophinei't. attur ti.c rate nt 3 1. ici. fcr cert, 

Tue following was the compli- cll.ib!i!lir-.l in lii:.- :(j h year of ihe 

Bcnt paid by the Cj'mc dc ^'o3j]- iei;:ii oi'hii j.ue M.ijcliy. 

let. Plenipotentiary Commill'iiry The bill for cAabl.min^ 3 lot- 

f.-om the King of Franc;:, tvlicn he tcry, and fu.- ciher |<ilrporcs. 

The 



io85 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

The bill to continue an «6^, for After whicli his Majeftf n 

encouraging the making of indigo* a mod gracious fpeecfa from 

in the Britifh plantations in A me- throne, and the Lord Speakeri 

yica. his Majefty's command, jirorog 

The bill to appropriate a fond, the parliament to the 19th of J 

lor granting to his Majedy addi- next. 
ttonai duties on certain foreign This morningi between 

linens imported, and for edablilh- eight and nine o'clock, the 

ing a fund for encouraging of the queen was happily delivered c 

jaifing and drefling hemp and princefs. Her Royal Highneb 

Sax. Princefs Dowager of Wales, 

The bill tQ continue an a6l for Grace the Archbiihop of Can 

{ granting a bounty on Britilh and bury, feveral lords of his Majd 

fjfll linens exported. moll honourable privy couneil. 

The bill for regiftering the prices the ladies of her Maiefty's fc 

at which corn is ibid, in the feveral chamber, were prefent. 
ccnnties in Great Britain. One Giteves, a pawn- 

The bill to explain and amend broker, uken op a few days ^ 

the feveral ads, for providing a a^o, on fufpicion of fetting fin 

public reward for difcovering the his own houfe, the bottom 

loagicode at fea. Wych ftreet, at the back of 

I'he bill to prevent delays of Clement's church, with inteai 

juftice, by reaibn of privilege of defraud the i n fur ance- office, 

parliament. re examined before Sir JohnFv 

1 he bill for better regulating ing, when it appeared that he 

the perforu^ employed in the fervice infured his effcds on the 301I 

oi the £aft India Company. Apiii lall, for 2300 1— that be 

The bill for the relief of the begun a new book, containing 

coal-heavers ^K^crkint; in the river account of the pledges taken 

Th:)Qies ; ZT\d to enable ih m to the next day ; that the nun 

ciAke provtr.oii fur ihemiclves, their and value of the pawns enti 

widows and crpbans. from that diy to the time of 

The bill for compleaiing the na- late accident, amounted to 

vigatkm of the river Swule, from times more than during the 

itb jurdion with the Ure to Mcrton number of days ia any prece< 

bridge, in York(hire. month— that he had altered 

'i he b'il fur milking a navigable value of many of the pledges 

can»l from Leeds to the iea bank, tered in a formrrr book; fer 

iteur ike North Lad:es walk, by ample, he hud charged a g 

Liverpool lo I. 9 s. the t:c'-v<t pinned c 

'1 he bit) for extending the like which menticncti it to be only 

Kheny to the exportation of rice 9s ; anorher go»vn 10 1.6 s. mai 

from Kafl and V.'eil Floiic'a, to the upon the ticker 1 1. 6 s. a pai 

£ttihward of Cape Finiilerre in ilone buckles, ticket marked 1 

I.urope, as is granted to Carolina 6d. entered in the book 10 1. 1 

and Georgia. with a variety of other articU 

And ajio to fome othei public a iimilar nature, ^1 tendinj 

aad private bill*. prove his inceutiun of defraiM 



CHRONICLE. 



106 



Tke Viit of the p3wni 
l>fl wHk. appeared 

ut 0/ the old book 
vidcQtly infened ai- 

Ere brake out in a flal)1e 
»i»e to the bick-vard of hit 
e, ■boM i«*o o'clocic on Mon. 
morning lall, when he was 
I U be up bjr a tvanier- woman 
te hoQk. Some linic after the 
u llic fisbU wu cxtingiiifhed, 
■hrswu given ihai ht houTc 
on fire. Opnn fcarchin;;, one 
bodoranl, a fircfflan, [>erceived, 
pecpiiig through the kcy-hote, 
MNcI of dtuibi on £re in a 
■a tlw door of which was 
ml. ap ttirce pair of flairs 
i«dse t^ Itrcet, quite at a dif- 
ice Sea the liable. The bed 
aaotber moat iip two pair of 
bt b«ck»-udi was found aifo 
fire, though the windows, and 
tiy Mhcr pari of the room was 
t tven dtfcolouied by fmoke : 
IfiMweloaihi in the (hop upon 
:groani ttjor, the door of which 
■ locked, were olio feen lo be 
ling at ibe fame time. 
mm tbde circumllaocei. there 
Mved foci) ftrung furpicioni of 

K'lt, tbat he wai connniiied 
»gaie to take hi> trial at 
eafvinn; ficnjoni. Some pawn- 
)kera> wbo had been employed 
value hi> {^ooiii, declare ihem 
be not worth more than 700 1. 
1 that thry cannot And many 
jcki, cnleted in the book. 
. Thij moniing, aboot 11 

o'dock, Matthew Kennedy 
• broaehi 10 ibe bar of ihc 
■rt of Kuig'i-bench. when, after 
iiltnit the writ of Habeas Cor- 
I, ittdibedeclataiion of appeal. 
m aoiiaa ftoa Corafcllor WaJ • 



lace, he woi turned over to the 

SherifF. and is lo appear next term, 
when the merits of ihe appeal will 
be fully debated ; and in the mean 
time he ii comrniited to the King's 
Bench prifon. He was in double 



chains 



. blue 



vjlh 



handkeichtef about his neck, and 
looked greatly dejcfted ; he waa 
only in court about ten minutes, 
when the court wa) extremely full. 
Tlie declaration of appeal was a- 
gainft the two brothers, Patrick 
and Mauhew, both laid to be in 
the cuilody of the fame officer, 
whereas tha one is in the cuilody 
of the Shciiff" of Middlefex, and 
ihe other in the Sheriff of Kent ; 
a circumftance which one perhapj 
may avail himlelf of. The widow 
was prefeni, accompanied by the 
waterman') boy, one of the princi- 
pal evidences upon the former trial, 
who declared in open court, ihac 
he wat offered 100 1, to keep out ot 
the way. Lord Spencer, Lord Pal- 
merdon, George Sclwyo, Efq; and 
fevcral pcrfoniof dillin^ion, ttiends 
to the unhappy prifonert, wefe like- 
wife prcfcnt. - 

A court of com mon -council uai 
held at Guildhall, when an ad- 
dreft to his M.ijcdy, 00 the birth 
of the young priiiccf'i, ivflj agreed 
to. Hi! Majelly h«' appointed 
next Wcdnefday lor the reception 
of it. 

The principal mtrchaoit con- 
cerned in the American trade, fenc 
down counter otders to the manu- 
faflurine counties, to poltpone the 
comniiinoni for .^nicnccu cxpor* 
Ution, on account of the Parlia- 
nient being prora^^ucd, without 
full ledrels having b«cn obtained 
for the grievances complained ot 
from that continent. 

Thia 



lio3 ANNUAL It AGISTER, i7f&. 



, Thi3 night between ten 

*7 • and eleven o'clock, as Mr. 
Venables, a wholefale carcafe- 
butcher, in Whicechapel-market> 
and Mr. Rogers, cabinet-maker, 
in Hcundfditch, were returning 
from the Blue Anchor alehoufe, at 
Stepney, they were attacked in 
Redman's grove by three footpads, 
who demanded their money ; and 
on their making refiftance, the vil- 
lains fired at them, (hot Mr. Ve* 
nables under the jaw-bone, and 
the ball went through the lower 
part of his head ; Mr. Rogers was 
mot in the forehead juft above his 
eye ; they both expired im media- 
ately. The unfortunate deccaied 
perfons (laying after their friends 
to have another bowl of punch, 
occafioned their meeting wuh the 
fatal accident. 

Paris t May 1 8. The prefcnts of 
Jewels made by the King and the 
royal family to the Dauphinefs 
upon her marriage, are valued at 
three millions or* livres, upwards 
of 130,000 1, (lerling. 

The (ix companies of merchants 
of this city celebrated the mar- 
riage of the Dauphin with a bene- 
volence that does honour to that 
body. The 17th they vifited the 
prifons, and delivered fuch as had 
Been confined for debts contradled 
for neceflary providons. 

8th William Dc Grey, Efq; 

his Majefty's attorney-ge- 
neral, moved the court of King's- 
bench, lor the dikharge of Mr. 
Bingley; the court rcfufed to do 
it; bur the aiiorney-general, as 
law-o(iicer to the crown, iniifled 
upon it, as Mr. Bingley had I'uf- 
fcred two yeart inprifonmcni, 
which wat fufficient for any of- 
fence he oiay have been gui.ty of. 
He was fee at liberty accordingiy. 



A rtry remarkable a6l wti 

folemnized at Newffaide, 

Queen of Hungary's dom 

The bones of rae great Ei 

Maximilian I. were aeaia in 

after a fecond abfiuntioo. 

occafion was as follows : Th 

prefs Qneco, having order 

imperial palace of tnat citj 

fitted up for the ufe of the ' 

fian Military Academy joi 

bli(hed there, and the chorch 

to belonging, to be repair* 

beautified and new tltam 

added, on the 21ft of Pel 

when the workmen were en 

in taking down the great a 

coffin wat difcovered under t 

fonry, very much decayed* 

coniulting the ancient ai 

it was foand, that the h 

Maximilian I. had been dc 

in the church dedicated 

George, the church in qo 

upon which the farther op 

were fufpended till after h 

perial Majefty's permiffion 

the cofnn (hoold be obtaii 

do this, in order to confi 

truth of the ancient recoi 

Majefty was gracionOy pU 

give her confent ; and accor 

on the iith of March, the 

ered coffin was examioedy i 

facrcd relics of that glorion 

wete aduall found. Her 

rial Majcily being certifier 

field, ordered a leaden cofii 

prepared, and inclofed in 

of wood, for the reception 

precious relics, in order tl 

might again be depofited 

Ume place, now under tk 

afrar* wiih the u(ual cen 

Upon a nice examination 

body, before its fecond int 

it appeared to have been 

vcred with quick-lime, a 



CHRONICLE. 



[.,< 



en wTlpt in white linen. 

It toamti to have been 
I a Ttll orwtiice damaflc, 
fOt .of fculet velvet em- 

tl il renarkable, that 
tke dilCTcnt vellmcQCs 
iltaeraiblc, bat aifo their 
olouri. On hii brcall 
B luden place, on which 
rta a Latin inrcripdon. 

pliort was this day 
lilhcd by orilcr of the 
MTftl. prohibiting for fix 

commerce by land and 
W«m the inhabttanit of 
ilic BDil the fubjcilj af 
r Palatine, the founda- 
kidt wu owiog CO Toipe 
I piocecdingi on both 
conjequcncc of whkh, 
rcarion has enfued. Sj- 



eturn, tome boata have 
belonging to the Dutch 
Lower Rtiiae. The af- 

Ame &jiou9, and if not 

ceommodaied, ma/ paf- 

odafliw oJ~a rupture. 

iBWCOOniorihe Q^een'i 
delivery, a little before 

l.ord Mayor, the Aldcr- 
Sheriffi, and Common' 

[et oiu from Guildhall 

I, after the Lo*d Mayor, 
t Ladbroke, Mr. Alder- 
|>. and Six William Ste- 
lAd psAed through Tem- 
ibe ntei were fudder^ 
ift Mt. Aidcrman Uailcy 
) BCzt in the procef- 
i nob. few ia number. 
U7 betan to fielt him 
t bmI dirt. Mad pulled 

K chariot, onpolii 
fc. Suit '''-"- 
■afac* 



Sua laversi 
fercvd (0 tik« 



to prefeive bij life, j^fter con- 
tinuing here foine time, he went 
away in a hackney coach, with a 
gentleman aha had accompanied 
him, but not without being fol- 
lowed and infulced by pati of [he 
mob that at Gril belct him. 

As foon as ibe Lord Mayor heard 
the gate* were ihuc. he fcnl Mr 
Gates, the City Marlhal. back, 
who opened them without any ob- 
ftruflion, and [he whole proceffion 
[Mr. Harlcy fxcepied) arrived at 
Si. James'] about len roinutei be- 
fore two, the time appointed for 
their reception. 

After the Lord Mayor had waited 
in the anti-chamber at St. James's 
a conlider.Lble time, the Lord 
Chamberlain came out with a pa. 
per in his hand, and read i;> the 
following cfFea;" As your Lord- 
fiiip thought fit to rpealc to his 
Mijcfly flfter hii anfwer to the hte 
remonlirance, I am to acquaint 
your LordQiip, as it was nnufual, 
his Majcily dcfires that nothing of 
this i:iad may happen for the I'u- 
lure," The Lord Mayor then de- 
Cred the paper might be delivered 
to him. The Lord Chamberlain 
faid be allied officially, and had ic 
not in orders to deliver the paper. 
The Lord Mayor then defired a 
copy; To which the Lord Chun< 
berlain replied, he would acquaint 
his Majcily, and talcc hii dirtc- 
tions i but be did not return until 
the order wa* brought for the who'e 
Court to attend with ihc addrcfs. 

Sir Robert Ladbroke coniplainei 
to the Lord Mayor, that Hones were 
thrown at hii c(i«h. The Lord 
Mayor called Mr. Gates, the City 
Marihal, face to face with the Fa* 
ther of the city, and aOted htm, if 
that was fo, who contradifled Sir i 
Koben ; be then fiid, dirt A I 
ihroNii 1 I 




iial ANNUAL REGISTER, 1776. 

tbrown ; the Lord Mayor znCwercd, men, and then proceeded I 

there wa« no dirt in the ftreet ; Sir feffiont-hovfe to try the priibi 
Robert then faid, that the mob £dMurgtp April 25. Yei 

fpit in at the windows of hid came on before the high coi 

coach. Juftidarv h^re, the triaJ of 

In the Pretence Chamber, Mr. liam mrfis, alfiat HarrieSj 

Rigby attacked the Lord Mayor, cerned in the forging and i 

telling him he had promifed in out falfe notes of the Thiftle 

Parliament to be aniwerable for of Glai^owi Upon the pa 

the peace of the city, and that he coming into coart» his behi 

was informed by Sir Robert Lad- indicated fbme degrcfe of inb 

broke, that there had been a great upon which his lawyer, Mr. 

riot in the city, which his Lord- well, fae^efted that he was 

ihip had taken no care to quell. proper oojeA of ponifliment. 

The Lord Mayor immediately objedion, however, being 

repliedy that he (liould be ready to ruled, about two o'clock the 

anfwer for his condudl at all times, for the trial of forgery, &c. 

in all places^ and on every proper cbofen, and the proof uken I 

occafion. the coart of feflion was rei 

Mr. Sheriff Townfend (landing them. They inclofed a'oout fi 

by the Lord Mayor, told him, Mr. and this day at ten returned 

Rigby fays there has been a great verdid, ttnanimoufly finding 

tumult in the city ; Mr. Rigby re- guilty ; upon which he was 

plied. Sir Robert Ladbroke fays tenced to be hanged in the ( 

lb. Mr. Townfend afked him, if Market upon the 30th of 

Sir Robert Ladbroke was not a next. The above WiUiaai 

Magiftrate ? And why he had not rics, before his beine found 

appeafed the tumult, if there was had iflued 452 foreea notes 

one? Mr. Rigby faid, the Ma- when apprehends, there 

giftrates had been mobbed. Mr. found no lefs than 9677, a 

Townfend replied, taking the whole 20 s. each. The lall were 

together, in his opinion, the people cording to an order of court, 

had been mobbed by the Ma^i* mitted this afternoon to the B 

ib-ates, and not the Magillrates by and burnt. 
the people. Ar tbt addrefs and The Pynfent canfe, nOM 

bit Majtftfs anfruert fee the ftatt pending in the Court of Chai 

Papers. and which has been heard 

A This day the Lord Mayor, fuccecding Saturdays, in this i 

^' * attended by the two flicrifTs, Term, is founded on the do> 

and feme other of the worQiiptul right of the late Sir William 

court of aldermen, proceeded in Tent, to bequeath his real 1 

Aate to the Old Bailey, where his to the Earl of Chatham ; the 

Lordfhip laid the firft ftone ot" a Sir Robert Pynlcnt, now re^ 

Dew jail, intended inflead of the Killynore, in the kindom of 

Jrcfcni very incon%'entent one of land, contending that the tc 

lewgate. His Lordfhip. after lay- had no right to make fud 

ing the above Hone, made a pre- qtied to the prejudice of hit 

ieot of twenty guineas to the work- heir at law. On this iiTue is ]\ 




CHRONICLE. 



[■■3 



leirn^ ai^nTnent) have beeo 
on botb Gdet, and the mat- 
1 Mependiog, ii of 24,000!. 

• gnndefl Grc-works that have 
>efn known-, were ihis even- 
jihibited in the Tquare of 
. XV. u Paris, in honour of 
>aap)ufi*s niarriagr ; but the 
cataltroptie that m.nrked tliii 
iibn, wi'> lung be remem- 

wiih hoiTor and regret. Jt 
n that the plan or the fire- 
. «Fai (o vail, that it exceedL-d 
owtrs-of [he engineer to re- 
: aSl its parts, and to reiiraia 
efis; and Ibme of the appa- 

haviag exceeded hit inieti- 

npliying off untimely, threw 

of £re upon the people. 

dreadful confc^uencet xhac 
1 from this alarm, might in 
Lt mealure be imputed to the 
Biion of the magiflraies. in 
tft place, there was no fcaf- 
Tccied for the convenience of 
xdatora ; and in the next, 
MnmunicaEions between the 
de Louit and the Boulevard], 

coobft of three ftreeti, were 
■inner blocked up ; that on 
ft hand, the Kuc la Boune 
!, being narrow, was ren- 

impalTable by the coaches; 
•n the right, called Rue St. 
din, in r hich the Cou^t St. 
iQQ, Secre:ary of State, has 
;fidence, and in whofe de- 
CDt the care of this cietro- 
ii, and by whufe order the 
>rlcs were exhibited, for the 
liency of biipfell and friends, 
(cellency would not permit 
opalace to pafs, and this 

the principal thoroughfare 
he Place de Louis, where the 
irks were exhibited, to the 

■ rdi, there wu only the 
.. XIII. 



middle ftrett free fir ilie fcot-p.if- 
fcnger". 'D'l- >;;(;.'.' -op multi- 
tude ths: bad cro.vciid sc fer the 
firework), beirtr feizcd wiiii a pa- 
nic, upon finding a hjiry and 
confufion, fnr uh'ch the grcalcr 
pnrt of them wire unoble to 
account ; endt'ivoured to efcnpe 
tdro'igh this 'arrow ftreet, which 
ihey fuon jammed up in fuch a 
manner as to make it impaluble. 
The confufion increafed to fuch 
a degree, that one trampled ever 
anolher, till ihe people lay one 
upon another in heaps; thole who 
were undermoft, ilabbed ihofe who 
lay above them, in order to dif- 
engage tbcmlelvea. The pick- 
pockets and robbers availed them- 
felves of the coniufion ; and many 
ladies had their ear-iingt torn one 
of their ears. A fcaffold, created 
near the paUce of Bourbon, broke 
down with the over-weight of the 
fpeaalors. who all fell into the 
river. There have been already 
E^ken up above a hundred drowned 
at St. Cloud, bat ma>iy bodiet have 
been driven beyond that place. 
The carnage was dreadful. Jc it 
computed that not Icfs than 3000 
arc either killed, wounded, or ren- 
dered cripples during the remain- 
der of their dAyt. 

The humaniiy of the new-mar- 
ried pair on this mflincholy oc- 
cafion, cannot be fufiiciently ap- 
plauded. The Dauphin, i.i the 
firll tranfports of his grief, gava 
all the money alloiLcd for his 
month's cJtper.ccs t(,\»ards the re- 
lief of the fuffirers, an j in this aft 
of geierofi:y he w;s followed bjr 
the Dauphinefs, whofc mind w:ii 
fo deeply impnlTed with the rela- 
tion of what had happened, that 
it was with di-'icLliv Ihc fould he 
kvpt from faiuiing- Hi* Majelty 



114] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



was alfo greatly afFw*^ed, and iflued 
order;, that no cxpcnce might be 
fpared to fuccour and aifilt the mi- 
ferable. Jn (hort, I'uch a icene of 
real diflrcfs never before prefentcd 
itfelf, and it is thought it will be 
a means of uircrly aholi(hing that 
kind of entertainment for the fu« 
ture. 

The number of the dead, fo far 
as the bodies tha: wc.c drowned 
have bcpn recovered, aj^pcars by 
the latell and beit accounts to have 
been in all 712. Anionc*: which 
were four monks, two abides, and 
twcrty-two perions of condition. 
It ^ocs not apjjcar Jh't there arc 
any Engliih amon^ the number. 

His moll Chriilian Majelly has 
ordered loo.coo livrcs to be ex- 
pended to«:irds the iclicf of the 
unfortunate pc rfnns who were hurt, 
or have loil their relations in the 
confulioii on the ni«ht of th^^ ciiy 
fireworks. "J'he Diuphincls and 
the MilJamci have alio contri- 
buted. 

At Grn/ette, in Italv, thf*rc has 
been difcovercd, at the depth of 
b feet, an ancient furnace, alout 
which were found fome aniique 
med:)ls, but molt of tlicm lo ef- 
laced with ruth that it was with 
difficulty the time of building the 
furnace could be made out. Upon 
tiie reverfe of one of ihelc medals, 
which appears to be of the £mpe- 
rcr Flcrio, the words Fi^or Orhh 
nny plainly be read. 1 his Em- 
peror i» not mentioned in the fup- 
plrmrnr publilhed by Murac<>ri nnd 
V.illemont ; but in the line of Em- 
perors rcciied by othjrf, we find 
him in the fecond cmtury of the 
vulgar acra, about which time this 
furnace feems to have been con- 
ilruded. Ihere is another medal 
•f tke Emperor Germaniciis» but it 






is impoffible to aTcertaiii Co which 
of the Emperors of that name if 
belongs. About the (iune deprii« 
but in another place^ there havf 
likewife been difcovcred fome frag- 
ments of baked earth, aoMHig 
which are fcveral lachrymatory 
vafes that were ai-tiently placed ^ 
the colfins of the dead, and evei 
fome remains of the fepalcbres ia 
which thefe lachrymaturies ait 
fuppofed to have been depo&icdL 
Of the fame earth lome orns were 
(bund, about two feet high, OM 
font in circumference tbcot ibt 
middle, and betwf*en fix and fefca 
in the neck ; but what was mot 
remarkable, thefe urns were not 
made flat at bottom^ but ended ii 
a point, which were (luck in cki 
ground, in order to make thai 
It and upright. Within thefe oral 
were found fmcll bones, almoft re- 
duced to powder, from whence il 
(hould feem, that they werefbrocd 
for the pre:ervation of lome frag- 
ments of the dead. 

rerk. May 11. IThere is aov 
living in the parifh of Wigan.il 
Lane a (hi re, one Fa irbrother, ageJ 
138 years. The youngeft of hb 
four fons is now 104 years oU» 
and the father Itill follows the tradt 
of a cooper. 

Died lately, Chauncy Towi< 
fend, FJq. member for Wigtcoai 
in Scrulanu, (being the firft Eng* 
lifhman that ever reprefented aaf 
place in Scodatid.) 

iVIr^. Gordon, a maiden ladff 
fuppofed to have died worth op* 
waros of ^o,oool. great part «f 
which Ihe has left to chariubia 
ufes ; among the reft one thoufaad 
pounds for ereding an hofpital te 
the relief of indigent old maids. 

At Bath, in the 103d year of hC 
age> Sarah Delon, of that city. 

At 




■ CHRONICLE. [115 

Dobora. ia Bedlbrdfliire, vidue, the nill not talle it at all. 

irey, aged loj year*, for- Her royal highneli'a btd ii a ma- 

irdiner to hii Grace the trafi on ibe floor, with a fingte 

r Bedford; ^m whofe coverlid. She ilcept but five hour* 

te hat enjoyed ao anoaal ia the fbar and-ttvirniy, and will 

of- 19 1, for npwardi of not take off her cioatht when Ihg 

Izft paft. Ilea dt>wn, refafing any iDdulgence 

^_^_^^^___,^^_^__^ *"• account of her rank. She pre- 

——~—~—~-~~ fented the Danphinefa wuh a fmall 

JUNE. crucifix of gold, fei with diamondi, 
which belonged to the queen her 

*hc committee of the covrt mother, and wai the only thing of 

ommoa-conncil, appointed value fhe had left herfelf. Sli« 

U the £arl of Chatham had a cmcifiit mide of box-wooda 

dtanki of that court for which (he immeJiately hung oa 

«ic conduS in parliament, her breall inflead of it. 

a hia lordlhip ihia day ac- The fefEooi ended tt the . 

r. Old-Bailey. At thia feffiona '"' 

e inaoal meeting of the 83 prifoiiers were iried, 13 received 

e Ibciety for the relief of fenteuce of death, 3 to be iranf- 

«t and orphan! of cteigy- ported for 14 yean, 14 for 7 

Id at Canterbury, 12$ I. yean, 1 wete branded, and 4 

ordered to be diftributed whipped, 

la widow*, and 2a w This morning, a little aftcrnina, 
came on in the court of King's 

>ri*«te tetter from France ficnch, Weftminfter Hall, before 

. that the third day after the right hoo. the Lord Manifield, 

iage, the Daophinefs want the trial of Mr. Almon, by infor* 

•ilit to her aunt, the prin- maiion, for^//>ii; the tetter of Ju- 

£a, who ha* retired into the niu* to the King in the London 

e nunnery at St. Dennis. Mufeuro. A little before twelv« 

igioai order it prodigioufly the jury went one, and flaid Dp- 

md the noviciate remark- wards of two hourt, when they 

When the Daophinefs returned, and put a quellioo to 

ired by the Princcfi, (he the court, whether the mailer could 

lofled to her cell by an be deemed guilty of publilhing 

and no other attendant, what had been only fold by bii 

fadame Sophia, the king fervant, and that without hit 

c'a fecood daughter. The knowledge? The judge anTwered, 

Louifa opened (he door of that in hit opinion he wii, aa 

herfelf. She appeared in every matter is anlwerable for the 

of a novice of the order, aAi of hii fervant. Tlie jury 

icl Oiift and wooden flii>M, thereupon immediately brought 

docking). She never him in guilty, and hia fentence 

nther milk or butter, and now remains in the bread of iha 

I but twice a week ; and court. But a new iha] U moved 

w lall quarter of her no- for, and expeOed, 

[/J a £wr«« 



u6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Extras of a Utter fr%m ? or tj mouth* 

'I'his day arrived rhc Tamer 
flo'ip of war, and ihc F orida iVirc- 
f:iip, from Port Ejimont in Falk- 
land Ifland, ne^r the Streights of 
Magellan . By tbcefp fft'ps we 
lenrn, that ttvo '"ti^ll^B^- frigates 
of 36 g'l^s each, came to Port 
t^gmont^ and, in the name of his 
catholic majefly, required our 
people to quit ihe ifland. The 
Spaniards have tranfp: rtod trcrps 
trt>:n Bucno*' Ay res. ai.d h-.v:- left 
a j^iriifon on ihnt pin of the iflAnJ 
iatilv fettlcvl by the Frinch. 

John Siretvhtr, a Grrinan, who 
hjJ abfcondcil wi?h 11^5!. of his 
m:ilKr*s money, which he wns 
entrulled to receive at thj bank, 
was overtaken by Mr. John 10:1 of 
Aullin Friars, one of the part- 
ns-Ti in the hf, at Boul rrf^e, a^id 
bv the rcadincfs of the mai^iilrcit^s 
oi that city, he wa*? fecured. On 
t'ne fiid furpiizc of b( ing lak'-n, 
he delivered up tlie whole money, 
except the liitle h;; had exprdesi, 
an J Mr. John ion, pleafrd with 
his repent inre, g.ive h-m ten 
guineas to bear his expenses to 
hiso^n country. 

. Charles Stevens, He-ry 
^ Ii{»lyoak, and Henry Hnj-he^, 
were extcutcd at Tyburn, p::r:i^- 
ant to rlicir -I'litesxc, for the mur- 
der r/ Mr. lih.iw, and iificrw.irds 
C«irii'*dto Sur/eons-li.ill for dlircc- 
tion : *iic two latter declared, that 
Steve. »5 bsJ brought iheni into a 
!nJ courfr of iifc. 

W.ii tried before Lord 
^ "• Chief Julticc ^ Wilmot, nt 
(1 liM'^dl, a c.iufe in wi.ich the 
ar;»:iec of ft banl:riipt was plain- 
ritf.' The plaintiff's cafe confillcd 
in a chir;;e againft the defi*ndnnt, 
ror having encouraged the bank- 



rupt to purchafe goods on credit 
(under (alfe pretences) of a hneo- 
diaper, to the amount of 500!. 
and upwards, in order to railir 
money thereon to anfwer his pre- 
fent exigencies, which goods it 
appeared the bankrupt fo.d to 
th*^ defendant at the fame price, 
though he only received half the 
money ; for which the defendant 
forced the bankrupt to give hia 
a receipt in full ; but, not*itb« 
Aanu'.ng thefe receipts, the jdrr 
found a verd^ for the plaintiff tft 
the amount of the (hort payneani 
viz. 258 1. 

This morning, about half «^ 
px.l fi\ o'clock, her royal 
h'>(>h' cfs the princcfs dowager of 
Wales fet out wih a grand reiiDoe, 
from Carhon-houfe, Pail-noall, for 
D./ver, in order to- emlark for < 
Germany. She was accompmiii 
by the duke i^^* Glouceiler, aod 
St tended bv L' rd H.iilon, cKao- 
herlain of the houiehold, Luf 
Howe, one of the ladies of her 
bed-chnmber, Mifs Reynolds, anJ 
MiN ileinken. i pj fling- wonan M 
h r royal hichncf?, it was thirty* 
four ye.irs, the latter end of April 
lail. fi!;cc her royal highneU iiA 
la-.'d/d in F'Intflind in 1736. 

Cjme on before Lord Mansfield 
in :Ko court of King's -bench at 
tji'Ji.ul, a trial on an a^^co 
brt u. (;i a^ainl) a flone-marmi, for 
pu;tin;^r bond timber, contrary 10 
a^l ot parli;!m?nt, into a public 
ho'.jff, he la^ly built in this city; 
wlr^ii the jur/ 4»ave a vcrdiift for 
t!-L- phintin->, with 40 1. damagei 
arui toiUof iuit. 

A very impoitant caufe came M 
to he tried in :he court of Common 
Pie .5 at (luildhaii, before Loid 
Chief Juilice Wilmot, whereiik 
Mr. ReycoIJi, of Limc-itreeC, 

U.)der 




Slieriff of the connijr of 

ex, was plaintiff, and a. 

at SiepDCy t«a« drfendanc. 

;ion, wbich concerord every 
.a Ibis kingdom, wa* 
againit ihc deCcndarr, for 
/ and in an cutr.^getiu* 
(jilillrd by ten i.r twelve 
.,.•.^ ni^'i gi;at club), hired 



CHRONICLE. [117 

tbc Original printer of )ui 



I caule I 



Fen- 



bet« 



iicnlof Mr. Key- ters ad 
T .ihcde- braiedp 



>t of Ml 

-.ihcde- 
t pjrirer, and taking and 

■ way Mr. Rejino'd^'i hag, 
ti i-atucd his client's paperi. 
i »aj dearly prcved ; and 
je having fummcil up the 

■ with g:'eai impanialiiy, 



letter, in the Public Advetriier of 
the I9ih of Decemh=r latl. 

The Aiioruey-General addiefTi-d 
the jury wi:h a fpcech en the im- 
potlance of jjiici ; but tonfinia 
thfm 10 th- buTtfaa of the de- 
frr-dapt poMllhing a paper *liich 
he cilltd a 1 be! ; and (hen njEcte 
an apiilogy lor brir.gii'g cti N.'r. 
Aliiimi'g iiUl for jtiting tn'j, be- 
fore ihe orig-nal prinicr'», auJ 
prLiniieJ to picfccoie all llif p'in ■ 
d puLlilhcfs of ihii ccle- 



i-Sad, in hii 



charge 

to iKr jjty, faid. ihey had r.ot/ii!ig 
to doiv;[h the in!rri!Cii, nor i^ilb 



the iiher 1 



, ilie 



JEif.'rr 



I the i. 
thai 



eller 



of 

eal importance ; that it 
: concern only Mr. Rey- 
lat CTtry genileman in the 

ihit kir^dom ; that it uat 
Ml fctious naure, and that 
Jcman wcbld be fate in in- 

an attorney with any pa- 
r fuch daring i&t of vio- 
■ere roaimiiicd ; that he 
;ire trie tncthoU whuh tlio 
nt had .ak.n in feizing the 

other ter^ than lltiiling, 
t the jury Ihould give luch 
I M night deter pcrlons 
9i<'g (ukh flagrant adi of 
; far rhe fuurc; they with- 
>r about two minutei, and 

in a verdifl for the plain- 
co 1. damages, bcfides colli 

Thii mormng, at rine 
a'chxlc. came on in the 
f King's-ber.ch di Guild- 
ffore Lord Mansfield, the 

H«nry buDffoD Woo(>fall, 



tion, fich as m.-U;iiKi,Ji-J:i!c!i!. e c, 
which he ..fiirmed wire ail k. n'i 
of CPuf- ; ji-ft as it is f.:id i:i .in 
ind'fliiifnt for niUj^ier, :'.,.l i!.: 
p.r..n d'J. b'r. al the i.^i^.,^,n :/ 
l-'idttjiL Then he r.n--ik.d aj 
i:,o., Mr. Almon'striiil, th.ii ihtrc 
were bat two propcGti.inj Vr t.:c 
CoriliJeration ot the jury J one war, 
the y-!^ of publ {hi.>2 the paj^ci, 
the (iihrr, wheiher a /^^/.■r .«.- 
//u-Aiji was pnl, in the ir.rorr:^:- 
lion, u|iCn the /tvi'/il bhnks in 
the paper in the infcrnutiun ; ;.r,d 
as 10 the contents of the fspcr, 
whether they were irae at fa::e, l.c 
f^id.iiwaswhJIyimiiiave.ial. 

At ten miniilfi bef.'ie twchc t^'c 
jury withdrew, and icturned ai^ou; 
Dine, finding Mr W.jodlali t"!-'y 
affrinriis unJ pAI Jm«£ cny. T le 
Ci'Urt had broke upabt.u: 4 oV!. c\-., 
fo that the jury, bv order u: I/ :j 
Ma,;.field. atterded his Vu.v ^-^ 
with ihr'ir verdiCl, at his houJc in 
Ijloonifbuty.fquirc. 

'Ihii day Ihe addrefi. 



and I 



fro 



pemi 
the ii 
holders of thi; cotnty ut Surrey \ 



118] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770 



Jrefented to his Majefty at St. 
ames's by Sir Francis ViDcent, 
Bart, one of tht reprefentaiives of 
that county in parliaxnent, at- 
tended by the Hon. Peter King, 
Sir Robert Clayton^ Sir Jolcph 
Mawbey, Bart, and Benjamin 
Hayes, Efq. 

Three children of a poor cot- 
tager in Ireland having eaten of 
the herb Daho, or Water- parfnep* 
two of them died, and the other 
was with difficulty faved. 

A plnwnlan near Bigglcfv^^ade in 
Bedfuriifhire, threw ujp a pot of 
gold coins* fuppofed of Edward 
Vl. one of them meafured exad- 
ly one inch, one quarter, and one 
eighth in diameter ; the reprefen- 
tation on one (ide is a man in ar- 
mour, in a (hip, holding a fword 
in his. right hand, and on hit left 
arm a (hieid, with four compart- 
ments of three lions and three 
Beur-de-iis. On the other fide a 
large crofs equally divided, the 
friend hardly to be ma ^e cut. 
They are of pure gold, of fevcn- 
teen (hillings value. 

The judgment of the governor 
and ^uncil of Calcutta was re- 
verfed by his Majefty's council 
here, on an appeal from William 
Bolts, Efq; for removing him 
from the council there, without 
a futficient caufe. 

. A comet was difcovered 

■4"' by M. Me(ner, at Paris, 
about eleven in the evening. It 
was (ituated between the head and 
the bow of Sagitaiius, in the milky 
way, and was icarcely vifible with 
a two-foot telefcope. The light 
of the nucleus was vivid and white. 
Oil the night between the i^th and 
16th of June, the right afcenfion 
of the comet was 272 deg. 57 min. 
37 fee. aod its decaaatioa 15 deg. 



5^ min. 24 fee (both, 
night between the 20th ; 
its right afcenfio" was 273 
min. 2 fee. By thefe obf< 
the motion of the come 
days, is found to be no n 
23 min. one- half right ; 
and I deg. 25 min. 20 A 
nation. Its motion fol 
order of the figns» rifin^ 
the equator ; and it pafTc 
ridian about midnight, 
met increafes in light, : 
become confiderable. 

Being the firft day of 
term, the two Kennedys 
were brought before Lor 
field, in order to take tl 
for murder a fecond tim 
appeal of the widow Bi 
it appeared that the pis 
pleaded over on the ap] 
not on the bill, which 
done before the court c 
them to trial. This omifl 
it necelTary for the pri 
be fent back to the Kin] 
till the nece(rary forms 
through, fo that the h 
put oS fine Me, 

About 12 o'clock at 
mod terrible fire broki 
Foulfham, a market towr 
folk, occafioned (as (upf 
a perfon throwing foroe 1 
a(hes on a dunghill adj 
an old thatched ftabh 
weather being dry and 1 
houfes were entirely o 
the church, chancel* ani 
were demoli(hed, leavi 
the bare walls ftandii 
flames raged fo fierce ai 
that many of the poor fiifi 
their all, to their inco 
didrefs. The damage c 
be computed, but is foj 
amount to fome tbov 




CHRONICLE. 



[I., 



, ntcIoGre of the charch. 
dMfd Afttey'i and Mr. 
■ engioes came jufl time 

to Aop the fii 
I'l, er tbe whole 
: mnll bare fuffered, being 
:batched buildingi. 



ift. 



At fire o'clock thi) morn- 
ing, died the righthon. Wil< 
liJin Bcckfbrd, lord mayor of the 
city oi London. If hii lordihip'i 
ciiara^er could v(4nt any ajdi- 
luftre, jt would receive it 
frum the manocr of hii death i 
governor! of the city of for nolwithftanding hit having a 
lying-in hofpital, held heavy cold on him (whicii ha 
innivenary meeting, and acquired at FonEhill the day be- 
d 877 1- 18). J d. lowardi foie) fo attemive wat he 10 dif. 
x>rt of (bat chancy. charge the important duty con- 

Wat opened ihe fine rao- mined to hit truA, as chief migi- 
Bnoient at the weft end of Itraie of thit city, that he travelled 
lifter-abbey, to the mrmory a hundred mile* in one day, wbich 
late Richard Tyrrell, ECq; iaccired his cold to a rheuioatic 
ninl of the white. The fever, and thereby terminaitd tbe 
cemi to be lakcn from that life of a min, whole chuafler will 
ID ia the burial ferrice, ever be held in the molt honoura- 
iajball rntJrr up ihrir And. bleand grateful remembrance, 
miral is reprel'entt-d riling The Uie lord mayor haa made 
■■ cload$ from the fca, fur- the fuilowiag dilpoiiJon of his 
wiib angeli, one of whom ellite \ he has bequeathed a legacy 
ing the lall tramp, while of joool. to each of bii natural 
I reaches out his hand to chiMren, except the eUelt loa, 
I in his flight. The under who was married to a lady of for- 
ref~-mi the fea with rucks, tune in Jamaica; and to him he 
dew of the Backingtiam left only ioojI. unlefs his wife 
rar. The figure of l^ope Ihould die before Ibe came of a^e ; 
f admired, but the cciiics and, in that cafe, joool. 



Eiire fay the whole 

to be eafily diDinguilhed 

le eye of an artift. 

This evening her royal 
Sghnefi the young Prin- 

chriftened in the great 
chamber by his Grace the 
>p of Cauleibury : her 
^nefs wat named Eliza. 
rhe fpoafcri weie, tlie 
f Prince oi HelTc-Caffjl, 
fd by the Earl of Hert- 
iti Chamberlain ,af hii 

hoafllold; the Princrfs 
Sweden, reprefented by 
itefs of HolJernef), and 
:ef» of Nalfau. Weil burg, 
ti by the Countefs Dow • 
ffiogham. 



ith the tell: but as ibe wilt 
was made Tome time ago, and Iha 
is now of age, (har 4000 I. lapfes. 

The greaicll part of his fortune, 
real and perlbnal, except foms 
other inonfiderable kgdciet, ha 
hjs left 10 hit legitimate ijn; and 
in cafe of his death, ta hia eldeit 
natural fon ; and in def<iu!t of 
heirs of hii budy, ro Lis other 
natural fons in fucceJion, accord- 
ing to feniority. 

The lady of the late lord mayor 
having a felilement on her mar. 
iijge uf 1000 1, a year, there is 
no provifioi made lor iier in the 
will of lier hufband. 

Was fint'ly dettrmifed by t!iB 
Lords ConjiilConers iu C-Mccrv, 

U] 4 t» 



i2o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



22d. 



the long; depending caufe between 
the Karl of Chr'.'.ham, as reprc- 
fcntativc of the late Sir William 

Pynfcnt, Bar*, and Da»v, Efq; 

ivhen the decr:e obtainea bv his 
I^ordfhip 'MS reverfcd in favour of 
Mr. Daw. I'hc fum conton.*ed 
Ur. , wiih colU ofluit, occ. will a- 
niwUiic 10 between 14 and iqocol. 
A remarkable caufe came 
on this day, upon an action 
between a gentleman and Mifs 
Jones, on a Loid j^ranted by the 
fi.rn".er to the latter tor three thou- 
fand poiir.d3. Several bonds had 
been prririied an'l cancelle.!, but 
that ct J.;nu-ry i' '..,, v-as the bone 
of contenriok). Loi-tl Rnlingbrokt 
gave eviutncc to th.* t:f^d, as he 
himfelf had been a f'll.fcribing 
witncfs thereto. Lord V ai:;;iielJ 
very properly obferved, thiii ii iViil? 

ioacs hud been a commv-n p ■-- e, 
e wculd i.ifl.in:ly have tot a(ide 
the buitd as void and null, but as 
it was granted for value, and that 
file lived with the gcniltroan at 
the time, giving her company to 
none other, the poiiit of iaw was 
on her fide, and tne bond 'ell to be 
fullaincd ; and fo the jury, with- 
out going out of court, ilecided in 
her favour, with colb 01 fuit, and 
othi r damages. 

Was held, at th: Guildhall of 
this city, a common-ha!l for the 
c>dinn of a Lord Mriyor 'or the 
rem linder of this yesr, in the room 
of William Bfckrord, Efq; The 
recorder mnJc a very handfomc 
fpecch in praife of the late Lord 
Mayor, which was received by the 
livery with mu'.h iT>erited applaufe. 
He then opened Ihorily the la- 
mented occuiion of calling that 
common-hall. The names of the 
fevcral aldermen who have ferved 
the office of (hcriff were then put 



in nomination. The majority tf 
hands was greatly for the two aL 
dermen Trecothick and Croflfj 
and was fo declared by the (herifc 
b Jt a poll was drmanded in faiM 
of Sir Henry Bainkes« which «« 
accurdingly granted, and ordeicl 
to open at two o'clock. 

Yellcrday being midruni- ^4 
m-r day, a common -hall ' 
was held at Guildhall, London 
for the eledicn ot (heriifs and uihtf' 
city officers. 

'i^'ie feveril aldermen below dli 
chair, who hid not ferved theoffid' 
of OieriiF, were put in numii^i 
tion; as were likewife the genlb>; 
men who had been drank to ly 
tho Lord Mayor: But Me/Trs. Babrj 
and Martvn, who were nominatti; 
by Lhe livery, had a great ihewrfj 
hands, and were accordingly il; 
turued and declared duly dedrf 
with the greatell npplaufe. 

'i his day Sir Willidm Hatf 
Aihurd, Knt. was Cilkd cothe^i 
giee of ferjeant at law at tkebv 
(if the court of Common Pleu^ 
WelhninftLr, with the ufual ce* 
mcny, and afterwards took hi>iti 
SLa puifne judge of the KiagV 




the room of Sir Jofrph Yttes, dfr 
ceafed. 

Early this morning two high- 
waymen attempting to rob a ftaf^ 
coacn at iVIims Wa(b, the niri 
lire J at them, (hot one dead, ni 
(battered the arm of the otbtfi 
whom they apprehended vi 
brought to town* Upon the l^ 
port of the furgeon, before Sir ]oki 
Fie^di. g, that the man's life wli 
in danger, he was carried to d0 
Middleiex Hofpital, where his arfl 
was cut off. He confefled Ui ^ 

Dame 




Chronicle. 



itit 



KU Thonu Watfon, and 
mpwiuD's William Ward ; 
[he7 were bo'h poAilioDS, 
id n^betl ever 6n« j noary 

^tiagrn.yuMe l6. Thenoble- 
nd la>''C9, who were a^^ujint' 
.KfAi '^rcn ^ophia Aiagda- 
tuir. .1, ail'tmbled in her 

o'clock I'l the cvi-nini;, on 
: J o. J' , from whence they 
a pructiii^n i: ibc cliap>.*l 
wiicrt- trej .. re received 
< ai»i^..\'ii. '. le two fer- 
ula- iiiL It) t' Dainih, the 
in the Gfwn langaage. 
itrichtd, and .: '^i '.xatt muilc 
LrCjrmed 01 ^'c; occafiun. 
> n of the cerc.iini>y being 
tlir coffin was carried out 
chapel by twelve colonelg 
ScMs of the marine, who 
atiuned round it dunng the 
, and ,>at into the heail'c at 
rrat palace gate, through 
the proceliicn began in ilie 
tg manner: 1. A IquadtOD 
'* guardt. >. A herald on 
£\i. 3. The , noblemen in 
. according [o their rankt, 
iiring lour (crvanis beariig 
. 4, Twelve royal pages. 
■etr f>avernor on hurfcbai-k. 

entiiihi'inmei de chambrc, 
e gen'.illb -m:iies de cour, 

horl-jback. each of thi:ni 
d b^ two leivanw on foot, 

ic-chtj. 7. Theliv-vogn, 

coacn, of ih<; Utc Quesn, 
a by twelve iackiei ; and on 
.e of it a beydok. 8. The 
earfe drawn by horiei co- 
vith bUck, adorned with 
'oot, and led by cap;ains 

marine. Thofe who had 
the cofin out of the chapel. 



attended the heaife op horfebacfc. 
9. Ihe ii,.i jot -generals, counfet- 
lort of coaterKDces, reiir-admirali 
and counlellon of ftate aiteodcid 
on horfeback, lo- The royal 
mouroing coachei (before each of 
which went eight lackic) of the 
royai livery wiih torches) and % 
fquadron of horfc-guardi doled 
the procelfion. 

Thi» day Mr. Almon, ^ 
who fcime time before had ' 
teen f. und guilty by a fpecial jtirjr, 
for publilhiig J .luiui'i Letter ad* 
drefled to the King, was admitted 
to Ibew caiife before the Judges of 
the Court of King't-bench, for • 
new trial ; but the arguments pro- 
duced by his council not bcin{ 
judged fa:isfi£bry, the coort uoa- 
nimuuHy dilmilTt-d the caufe, and 
therrby co .firmed the verdid. 

A comet was dilcuvered by Mr. 
Dunn, 34 min. after eleven in iha 
evening, lis dlftsnce from the 
briglicell liar in the Harp >. 3341 
drg. 10 min.and.'^roai the brighleft 
liar in the Eagle :i drg. 10 min. 
refraAton included : trom which 
its place is determined between the 
right hand of Serpentarius and the 
E({uator; is neady S. at mido. 
with abnut 35^ deg. mcrid. alt, 
and nearly oppon;c to the fun. Ic 
has no tail, but a CI ver- coloured 
nucleus, ^nd a coma of about half 
a djg. in diamiter; that part of 
the coma next the lun being moll 
illuminated. Or. Bjvij obferved 
the fjmc comet early in tlte morn- 
ing. 

At a grand Icvee held at St. 
James's, his Serene Highncfs I'ririco 
rinell of MeckUnburgh-btrelnz, 
brother to her M.ijelly, was pre- 
fent lor the firlt time fince hii ar- 
rival in England, which was on 
June ij. 

The 



im] ANNUA^L register, 177a 



The firft ftonc of the new office 
for the New-River Company was 
laid by Mr. Holford, governor. 
The corrent coin of the Kingdom 
was laid underneath the (lone, and 
the following infcription engraved 
vpon ic: 

Firft ftone hid by Pe:er Holford> Efq; 

Governor* 

5if Ceorse Colcbr >i>ke, Bart. Deputy- 

Goverii>)r. 

ilenry Burners, Efq; Trfafurer. 

June xxviii. IVl.DCC.LXX* 

Kobert Milne, Architect* 

The fcite of this building is that 
of the play-houie where Shake- 
Ipearc atled. 

Extras 9f a Letter from Mr. John 
HtU^ of Hull, gi*ving an Account 
of tbe Lo/m of the Bet fey, Capt. 
tVatfon, from Virgnia to Charles • 
9VTu/r> Soutb'CaroUna* 

On the 1 6th of May, having left 
Cape Henry bot three days, as we 
were (landing co the fouthward, the 
wind came from the north to north - 
wcfl, and blew extremely hard, 
which occafioned a great fwell ; 
before preparations coal J be made, 
our veflel was laid upon her beam- 
ends. In about five minutes we 
loH (ix hands off the decks, wh.*n 
our mizen-maft was cut away, but 
to DO pjrpole ; our main-mad was 
then cut by the board, and our 
ibrc-mall going at the fame time» 
which we lalhcd together, our ^ip 
then ftoking, obliged us to fwim 
to \\\z mall, where we lay floating 
leven- and -thirty hours, when we 
wc e ttken up by an European 
Ihip bounJ forGlafgow. Our cap- 
tain was lull, after breaking five 
of his ribs, occafioned by the force 
of the tiller ilanding at the helm. 



the name of Hiaght, were aUb ki 
who expired in each other's ar»t 
and alfo the atorefaid fix haa^ 
Our number faved was thincci. 
Our (hip and cargo belonged i» 
Nathan Alben Smith, of VirgiBti. 
who is the greateil fuffcrer bf ihl 
unhappy event. 

Tnis day the poll for the ^ 
Lord Mayor of the city of " 
London, for the remainder of tb 
mayoralty, ended at GuildbiD; 
when the numbers weiC> for Al* 
derman Trecothsck 1601 ; Croftf 
1434; Bankes 437 ; wherapM 
the return of the two former baif 
made to the court of Aidermea A 
their choice, the election was de- 
clared for Alderman TrecothicL 
He was therefore immediately i»* 
veiled with the gold chain. 

The annual medals given bf 
Lord Bruce to the lludentt of Wit- 
cheller-college, were adjudged chb 
year to the following gentlenea/ 
The gold one, for the beft copy of 
Latin yeT{t%t to Thomas Hetit 
Lowih,E q; the BiChopof Oxfbtdi 
fun ; and the (ilver ones, for cU 
cution, to Edward Sandford, asd 
Francis Paul Stratford » Efqri« 

A trajical adir happened dir* 
ing the courte of the prefent moath 
at Lyons in France; a yo«n| 
couple having conceived a violcftt 
palTion for each other, and not 
being able to obtain their parenti 
con fen t to marry, formed the ex* 
travagant refolution of conliitutiag 
a kind of chapel, and fetting op 
an altar before which they wert 
reciprocally to fwcar eternal fideii- 
ty to each other, and then to (hooc 
themfelvcs through the head ; all 
which they executed. It is added« 
that they had carried their roman* 
tic notion fo far, as to parchafe a' 



A young lady and her father* of dagger, to accomplish their par* 

pofe 



CHRONICLE. 



b^s 



fbk of miiDg tbcxnfclves, if the 
BiAab had failed of chat eft'cd. 
The lad «rai the fon of a fencing- 
Bafter» and the girl the daughter 
af a wealthy inn- keeper. 

I«ctters from Venice declare, that 
dbc republic have done every thing 
in their power to convince the 
Turks of their being determined 
to maintaia a firidt neutrality. A 
corps of troops has been fent to 
Cephalonia, in order to feize the 
effcds of Count Metaxa, and fome 
ocbers who enered on board the 
Raffiaa fleet. The principal ma- 
{iftrate of this (late at Corfu has 
confiicated the goods of Capt. Pa- 
]ieachia, who had armrd a mer- 
chant ibip he commanded, and 
joined the Imperial fleet. A re- 
■rard of 200 ducats hat been of- 
ftred for the apprrhending him. 

The news from the Morea, dur- 
ing the courfe of the prefent 
month, has been unfavourable to 
the Ruffians and iufurgenis who 
have joined them. The Turks 
being reinforced^ are faid to have 
failea npon them with great fury, 
to have retaken Patreflb, and to 
have flanghtered without mercy 
all the Greeks and Ruflians who 
fell into their hands. The Eng- 
liih Conful with his fon and family 
efcapcd, almoft miracuoufly. The 
bloody rage that incenfes ci^e Turks 
aad Chriilians againft each other, 
b produdive of the molt fava;tc 
cruelties, and excites even to the 
ripping up of women and chil- 
dren. 

They write from Paris, that the 
pleaiing behaviour and extraordi- 
■ary affiibility of the Dauphinel's, 
»ain her univerfal admiration. 
with the King's permiflloK (he 
^ifpcnfes with feveral points of 
ccicaonjy inviting her brothers 



and fiders and her aunts to fup 
with her as often as (he pleafes; 
and her Royal Highnefs goes to 
ke them with the fame freedom. 
She rides out with a mailer of the 
horfe, and walks about unattended 
with (ervants, with that freedom 
which is fuitable to her lively diA- 
pofitiun, and at the faune time 
conducive 10 her health. 

Extra3 of a Letter from Fariu 

The precedency given at the 
Ball Pare on the 19th ult. to Ma- 
dcmoirelle de Lorraine, who danced 
immediately after the Princes of 
the Blood, having given offence to 
many of the principal nobility, the 
King, in order to remove the piqae 
they had taken on that account^ 
wrote the following circular letter 
to them. 

" The AmbaiTador finom the 
Emperor and Kmprefs Queen a(ked 
of mc on the part of his mafier 
and MillreG» that T would be 
pltafed to confer fome mark of 
diiiin^ion on Mademoifelle de 
Lorraine on the prefent occafioa 
of the marriage of the Dauphin my 
granvJon with the archduchefs. 
The dkncing at the ball being the 
only tiling that could not be deemed 
ac a precedent ibr the future, the 
choice of the dancers being en- 
tirely dependant on my will, with- 
out regard or precedency, rank« 
or dignity (except the Princes and 
PrincefTes lii the Blood, who can- 
not be ranked with any other 
French family) and being unwil-' 
ling to change or make innova* 
t'ons on what has been the pradice 
and cui^om of my court, I think 
that the principal nobility of my 
kii gdom wiil not depart from the 
fidelity, fubmi(rion, attachment, 

and 



124] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1^70. 

tnd tvtn friendlhip which they and from that of Moofieor f 

have always (hewn to myfclf as Intendaut. They wiil appl) 

VfcW as to my predeceflbrs, nor ad you for your diredions in t 

To as to difpleafe me in any re- alFiirs, which thc-y \Mil ctleci 

fptdf and more erpt*cial1y on the favour. 1 fincerely give you 

prefent occafioo, when I am de- blefling, and am, ^c. 
firous to teilify my gratitude to 

the Emprefs Queen for the prefent An unworthy Capuchin. 
fhe has made to me, which I hope, 

fts well a^ you, will comple^it the Died lately. 'h-c ?^cv li. Ci^ 

happihefs of the remainder of my re^lor of RJton, i=i Lintot'. 

life." upwarJs oi 50 v'.ar?. IJr >^i 

'The Kinj: finding that the above French protc ;i;:t, a-ui It-* 

did not quite reconcile the alarnos country ftr hi^ rc!;^ :(>:.. 

of the nobility, has been plealcd Mr. H^n], Lee, or *.>uj . . 

to declare that a lady of quality apornecary, a; eu go. 

(hall be the firft who daixe^ after Mr. Thoma? i»tfr -.rJ. t;. 

the Piinces and PrinceflTes of the chatiJ er. worth lo-.cc I. 

Biood, at the ball which (hall be Ann Hi fieid aiud jcc, 

given on account of the marriage Tinfley, Yv.r fhue. 

of his Royal Highnefs the Count J.nnrs H;«t*ielo, rg«*ci i.n. 

dc Pro\ence. in confequence of is fa.d to have fav^d W'^ i:u 

this dcclnrtiion, the Duivcs have hearitii; Sc. Paul's clock it'.k 

met to draw up an addrefs of at Windier, 

thanks to his Maj«ily. John Hiyne>, ai^cd U) 

The following copy of a letter Wcw>ton-i]aHot, Wilts, 

from Mr. de Voltaire to the M'r- Ralph Nied, near Cht lie r, 

ihal D'jke de Richlieu, is handed 107 ; he had barxd iix wives. 

about. _ 

*• I wifh, mv lord, to have the 

plcafure of giving you my blclling JULY. 
Lciore I die, Tne cxpreilion may 

be new to you, bat it is neverthe- This morning were cxe- 

leis true. 1 have the honour to be cuted at Tyburn, purluant to 

a capuchin : our (»eneral at Rome their fentcnce, James Aitawa 

hns juit fent inc my patent, in Rich.ird Bailey, fur ilealii 

uhich I am Ililcd fpiritual brother, quantity of plate in the hci 

and temporal father Capuchin, 'rhoaias Le Mcrr, Eiq; in 

Send me word which of your de- ford-row : Daniel Pfluyer, 

ceaied millrclTes you would wiih burglary in tne houie of 1< 

to get cut of purgatory, and 1 Walker, in Little Caitcr 

fwear by my beard, fhe ihali not Francis Lutterdl, for ih 

be th:rc 2+ hours longer. As in wearing apparel, the pre pei 

confequence oi my nvw vocation, Thomas Jackfon, in the t,r^\ 

1 mult give up th: good things of William Shepherd, in Dell 

this world, 1 have reiignrd to my 'I'emple-bar ; and John Read 

relations whs: it uuj to mc of the Miller, for returning itoca 

efUueof the Uie Pnaceff dc Guile, portation. 




CHRONICLE. [i»5 - 

Tke robbery for which Aitaway in the palTage, to fee whether thejr 

id Si'ley inSered, wag odc of hc3td mc. thinking if they did, f 

le mall artfoL, and d.iring that was a dead man. There is a llc}- 

u heen known. Ahout nine in light: I got hold of a leaden pipe, 

W eveniag. Mr. Le Mcrr, the and got up, and bard ihe window 

troltcutcr, being in the cotintry, wiih my head. In trying ta get 

hev. ni'-h an accomplice not yet through, [ ilucic half in aai half 

akeo, knocked at the door of hi) out, and could neither get one 

kKile, 2nd when it was opened, way nor the other, for about three 

Jiile; delivered a letter lo the or four minoteii with the rope 

batman, which he faid wai for hi) about me. At lad I got out, and 

ai^rri but before the tnan could into ths (table, and from thence 

reid the direction, they burft in at into the coach-houfe, and out of 

(he door, (hat it. and one of the that into the yard; then I called 

filUini dabbed him in the belly for help as fall a( poflible. I went 

•ith a dagger ; then took a cord out of the back liable yard to a 

•liich they had provided, tied hi« public houfe, and immediately five 

tudi behind him, robbed him of or Gx men came.' 

Ui witch, and dragged him down This day there was a very , 

ftain into the kitchen, where they full court of Common council " 

■aid hit hands, and made him held at Guildhall, when a motion 

ligM a candle ; thii done, they ti- was made, that a (latue might be 

eJ ill bandi behind him a fecond ceflfd of the late right hon. 

ligw, bringing the rope iiill round William S:cktord, Efqi Lord- 

kiincck, then acroft hij face, and mayor, with an infcription cOn- 

ia fncb a manner, thjt it went taining the words which his Lord* 

ibnigb his mouth, and confined fhip fpoke to hii Majcfty at St, 

il open, roakinj; the ends of the James's, on prefenting the city 

(ope fall behind. Thus bound, remonihance ; and a committee of 

wy dragged him back into a dark fix Ald(;rmea and twelve Com- 

p^e, and there boiled him in. moneri ii appointed to carry the 

i» a few minutes one of them re- fame into immediate e^tecution ; 

'snied to fee if h= was fait, and and are impowered to draw on the 

Hieg told, as well as the man chamber for any fum not exceed- 

ftuIJ I'pcak, that lie was fall e- in^ toool. towards defraying the 

Wiigh, they then burfl open the enpence of the fame. 

pMtry, where the plaie was, and The new Imperial EmbaTaJor 

pulted it up. In the mean tinie, had an audi-nce of his M jc ly, in 

lit man had gnawed the rope in order to deliver his creJentials. 

:*0 with his teeth, and got his This day came on in the Cijurt 

undt loofe. " 1 then thought, of King's bench, W'^itminiler, b;- 

fiyi the man in hii evidence, be- fore th: right hon. the Lord Manf- 

sre the court,) that if 1 could get lield. the great caufe beiw<:cn Lord 

brick out at the top, I might t;et G— — - and bis roy.tl highneri tii:: 

p in:o the area, and not Itay D— of C -. The d,i:n.n;es 

leediog there while they were were hi i at too ,000 i. and n ^.e^t 

abbing my mafter's houie. I nuinliL-r of witn-llji cx.iminci, 

'lud open the door, and liftcned ^liich cxaaiiaation ended ab-"it . 



ia6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

two o'clock* when Mr. Dunning, 

coonfel f6r his r-— h , the 

dcfeudinty recapitaUted moft of 
the material parts of the evidence, 
aud obfervcd thereupon, that 
though the intimacy of the ac- 
cofed parties had been fufiicientl/ 

S roved nut only by the witnefTcs, 
ut alfo by a variety of letters that 
pafled between them> which were 
read in court, yet he aiTerted that 
the plaintiff had not brought any 
proof of the criminal ad, for 
which the adlion was laid. 

At feven o'clock in the evening 
the right hon. Lord Mansfield gave 
his charge to the jiM'y, when they 
withdrew, and his lord(hip ad- 
journed the court to his houfe in 
Bloomibury-fquare ; CKaiUy at ten 
the jury left the hall» and proceed- 
ed to his lordfti'.p's houfe, where 
they gave a verdid for the plain- 
tifi*, with ten thoufand pounds da- 
mages. 

At a general convention of the 
cftates and legiflature of the Ifle of 
Mann, being the firft high court 
of Tynwald that has been holden 
there under the aufpices of his 
prefcnt Majefty, fince the regali- 
ties of Mann and the Ides have 
been annexed to the crown of 
Great Britain, the Bifhop and 
Clergy of the dioccfe prcrfented an 
addrcfs to his Excellency John 
Wood, E:q; the Govern -^r, in 
whirh they congratulated his Ex- 
cellency on ihr royal favour of be- 
ing commiirioneJ by his Majeily to 
the vici-gerency of that i(l*nd, and 
ex'prcfs ihiir joy at feeing their 
sniicnt, fuprcme, conlliiutional, 
nnd fo much uifliid for court of 
Tynwald. re ft o red to its for- 
mer or rather fupcrior luftre and 
importance ; and conclude with 
earned fupplicaiioos that Lit Ma* 



jedy may never want ft) faithM i 
reprefentative» the church (b fii- 
cere a friend, or that ifland fe ac- 
ceprable a governor. 

The governor coocladet \a$ 
anfwer, lo t happy imiution ct 
Shakefpeare. 

Your applaafe, my lord, reflefii 
a virtue on myfelf» and makes mi 
proud indeed ! 

To the archdeacon and clergy, 
he faid. To deferve your efteembai 
ever been my peculiar ftudy; lo 
preferve it (hall be my cooftaal 
care. The fame wife providcoci 
which has inlpired your goodneCh 
will, 1 doubt not,' teach me, aste 
as I am able, to encourage and it* 
ward its labours. 

A large fum of money, beio{ 
part of the produce of crown laodi 
on the ifland of Grenada, was re- 
ceived at the t re fury. 

A young woodcock was caka 
in a iicil near Prcflie Car, and wu 
(hewn at Newcalile as a great ca- 
rio(ity. The old ones were (ceB« 
but efcaped. 1 n Borlace'a accoaat 
of Cornwall there is a print of a 
young woodoxk found (ome yean 
ago in that county. 

T/je Duke of Orleans* i Jm/wer U thi 
Cbancelior of France at thi Bid 
of Jufiice, 'held at VtrJailUt tkt 

27'^ of y^"'' *770» wAfw hit 
Malcfty caufed his Li/tirt Patat 

to he rcgfjtered. 



4 

t 
t 
« 

i 
t 



' Even though not bound bj dtt 
article of Parliament to which I 
Consented yellerday, I could not 
in conlcience deliver my opinion 
in a place where voices are not 
free, upon Letters Patent, not left 
contrary tj the laws and maxims 
of the kingdcm, than to the ho- 
nour of the country.' 

I The 




CHRONICLE. 



[117 



( (Ikii fitd to ihf duke 
* In cafe my pirlia- 
ild iff-mble onntxt of 
&ad pecrt, 1 rarbid jrnu 
lent kc rhe pilice, and 
•a 10 tell tbii to the o- 
e« of (be blood. 

4 8 W £ R. 

■%M, 

ur prince* oF the blood 

This order will belter 

Mr nonih than mine ; 

. befcech joa to excofe 

g tlien turned towards 
incct of tlie blood, and 



re, we hear fomethittg 
-ary to the rights of the 
and of very little ad- 
to Moof. k Duke D' 

ne on the eledion of 
mber to ferve in Parli- 
[be city of London, in 
if the late right hoo. 
xkferd, Efq; deceafed. 
ard Oliver, Eft); was 
■got oppofitioD.' it ii 
ite example* of the ci- 
■don and WcHminfter, 
their members wiihunt 
Ul be followed by all 
tiont ihtoughout £ng< 
Iwn alt complaints will 

rrtved this diy with the 
: lofs of his MajeAy's 
amaica, Capt. Talbot, 
vadoei; the officers and 
ired, and brought to 
f the RenowDt Utel/ 
oriloiouili. 



Letters from GreimUe declare, 
that the i;ib inf). the licuienan 
of tbe police there, in examining 
a native of Piedmont, who waa 
charged with Sealing a gold watch 
from a merchant, was faddeoly af- 
fanlted by the villain, who flali* 
bed him in three places with a 
knife ; on the clerk feizing tho 
fellow behind, he received a flab 
from the latter in the ftomacb, of 
which be died. The dcfperado. 
feeing no profpefi of efcape, thea 
llabbcd himfelf in four placeit aii4 
expired infiantly. Hi) body th« 
next day was, by order of the par- 
liament, drawn on a hurdle, and 
treated with every mark of iiulig* 
nity. 

They write from Boflon, in 
Lincoln (hire, that a few days ago 
a murder was committed by a pri- 
vate dragoon, in Bland's regiment, 
quartered there, 00 the body of 
a countryman from Frilkney :— • 
The parties appeared very jocia* 
ble, and had fpent a great part 
of tbe day and night together at 
a pnblic houfe: towards morning 
the dcceafed went to bed in the 
foldier'i room, where the latter 
foon followed, and immediately 
on his entrance into the chamber 
drew a bayonet, and llabbed hia 
companion in a moft inbnman 
manner, in fereral parts of hia 
body; then with the clabend beat 
him very cruelly on the head, and 
fuppoflng him dead, left him weU 

teting in hit blood on the floor 

He then attempted tbe landlady's 
room (it is feared for the fame 
purpofe) which rellficd his tlrong- 
ell effor'B j but the Dcife he made 
alarmed the familv, who foon dif- 
covered the mtirdcr, and had him 
properly fccutcd; be was foots 
after 



128] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 

after conveyed to Lincoln-caiDe, Venetian fequins, was cini 

gaarded by confiables, and two of the palace. The whole too 

the military : when enquiries wrre their goods and moncjr is con 

made, what could induce him to at 8oo,ooo piaflers. 
fo great an adl of cruelty, the only Tuefday lailcame on to be 

anfwer he would return was. He at the fittings to Weftminllci 

thirfied for bloody and if in his pti'-wcr before the right Hon. Lord 

nvouid have /vcrr.— -'Ihe poor un- field, a caufe wherein Mr. I 

happy vidlim furvived but a few an attorney at law in the c 

hours: The coronets returned Glouceller, was plaintiflT, am 

their verJidl* wilful murder, and bricl Harris, Efq; pofl-nal 

his corpfe was C0iivc)cd to tne that city, defendant : the aAic 

grave, attend'.-d by a ditlrtH'.d brou!;»ht againft the defeadar 

widow and feveral children. detaining a letter received . 

, A new llatute to regulate poft-i.ffice there, dir^ded 1 

^ * the academical habits was pluintifF, and not delivering th 

paiTed in the convocation ac Ox- to the plaintiff, at his place of 

ford, by which the dilputes' thit in the faid city ; and the erei 

have htcly ari-accd that Tea', of determine, whether the poft-i 

learning, arc hii:.l<y termlLi: ti'd. i^ not obliged to deliver all li 

Thcfe dilpuies wi-rr i.ot :«r 10 irif- received at his office, to the ii 

ling a nature as ihc) h«ivrbf:en ic- tants to whom the fame are dir 

prefer ted to be ; the point 'v\ (mrT- at their places of abode, % 

tion was net fo much whcih.i this any further compofiiion or 

or that ranker deg>t'c ot ac.id^niics, mert (hail the legal rate of pc 

fliould be diHinguilhcd by th > or The jury gave a f'pecial veitii 

that peculiar gown or c»p, a& who- the plaintiff, which will be 1 

ther the flatutes of the univerfity before the court of Kjng*a- 

ihould be difpcnfed with at the will in Michaelmas term,, 
and plcafure of any particular lir;id The fcflicns at iiie Old 

of a college ; or even by the au.ho- Bailey, which began on the 

rity of tr.e heads ot tHj houi'es in preceding Wednefday, endc 

general, independently of the en- which fevcn perfons, three of 

vocaticn, in wh-ch the IrgiHitive for murder, received fentea 

power rclulcd : ihiillaturchns liicre- death, It was the largcA i 

tore placed the whole of this nia:tcr thst has brrn known, and 

upon a proper footing. very remarkable trials were 1 

L« :ttr$ Ircr.i Tunik, May 31, fay, particularly that of Grieves ft 

" On the 2;ihin:'.unc nil 'he Greeks ting his houfe on fire ; and « 

in thi» cirv, iv'th cccIrfiaiVics and three murderers, t^^o of then 

mcrchnns, and their I'crvants, a- fcr the inur<Icr of MefTrs. Vet 

mounting: ru :ib.out i^r in number, and Rogers, by (hooting ihco 

were arreted byoilrrof the Bey ; on the highway; and the th 

a: the fame tin.e ihcir clt'ccts were watchman, for the murder 

frir.rJ and put in the war'ht^ufes, wom:m with whom he coha 

and all their ready mofu-v, am: UM- bv llibbinj her to the 

iog to the value of about 25, coo Grieves was acquitted aboa 




CHRONICLE. [129 

UDg. Air wajit of pofitive men, tbejr knocked Ricbardfon and 
faoagk circnmAancei were Pox, not yet tiken, down twice; 
untthim. that feariog to be overpowered, 
OB befini Lord Mantlield Richardlon (hot Veoablei, ind 
>ecial.jnn, at Guildhall, Conowaj' fhot Rogers at the {\me 
the trUI of Mr. Uiller, time. Cohoway at firft refufed to 
^liAiBg Jtiaiu's letter in plead, but being talcco down and 
Aon Evenio^ PofI ; only Aewn the apparatoi for preffing; 
the fpecial jarjr Attended, him to death, if he rerured, he re- 
ire talefmea were allowed lenced, and after condemnation, 
kea oat of the box. The he feencd mach moved, and blefTed 
>led aboot eleven, and at the jodge* for their kiodnefi to 
J waited upon Lord Mant- him. They were both brought * 
dj hoofe, with their ver- back from the place of execution 
gailty. to Surgeoni HatI, where their 
ame day the trial of Mr. chain) were pat on, and afier- 
cane on befbra the fame wards were hung upon a gibbet at 
mI a fpccial jnir, at the Mile-end, near the place where 
cc; only leren ofthis jary the marder was committed. 
appeared, and therefore John Purcell, the watchman, for 
: taken out of the box ; the marder of the woman with 
Med abovt three, and whom he cohabited, was executed 
rpOB Lord Mansfield a- at the fame time, and was broogbt 
e, with their vcrdifl, not to Sargeoas Hall, in order to be 
dilTeded. He was an old foldier, 
lajefiy has been pleafed to and enjoyed a penfion for his for- 
it the iflaod of Dominica mer ferviccs. He denied the in* 
cte6tedintoagovenirocnt, tention of murder, and faid, that 
frem, and independent of having been oot with the deceafed 
sal government of the a-drinkiag. they came home loge- 
Caribbeciflands, of which ther late; that a dog they kept 
made a part ; and to ap- beiag troublefome, he in his paf* 
■ William Young, Bart. Hon fiung a knife at him, which 
thereof. uafortanately tocdc place in the^dc- 
Pcter CoQOway and Mi- ceafed's heart. He never attempted 
lael Richardfofl, for the to fly from jaflice, but told the 
<f Mr. Venables and Mr. neighbours what bad happened, 
vcre executed at Tyburn, yet there was no reafon to doubt 
to their fentence. They of hit guilt. 

vidcd on the evidence of A caufe came on lately to be 

Jon, an accomplice, who tried in the Court of Common. 

It the day before the mur- pleas at Gaildhall, wherein a paf- 

ommiited, they bought a fenger in the P ^— ftige-coach 

Idpilloliin Georee-fireet; was plaintiff, and the mailer of 

mded them with biu of the faid ftage-coach was defendant, 

es of pewter fpoons ; that The charge was, that the paf- 

led the deceafed with ia- fengeri reluling to dine at an 

tb them, bat being llout hedge- alchouic on the load, one 

:in. IK] of 



130] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

of the coachman*s favoorite houfes ; int|bt be paid to hinip tsd 

they wenc to another houfe at £p- mainder of the money ii 

fon, and fent the coachman word arifing, or to arife^ fron tl 

whither they were gone* which tre» might be paid into eon 

houfe the coachman ^as obliged jeA tO failher order» and 

to pafs and accordingly did TuU defendants might make 

drive, and left the pafHrngers to tion to the plaintifi, fi 

return to London as they might: (hares of all damages arifii 

after applying to the mailer of the the mifconduft Of the dc 

ft^ge in vain, the plain tiff brought fince the 9th of Sept. 1768. 
this a^ion, wherein the jury found ^fter a full hearing of fi 

a verdkl for the plaiaiifF, and in the courfe of which the 

twenty pounds damages. points were moft ably ar 

. The potl-boy carrying the counfel on both fides^ 1 

^^^^' the Chichedcr roaiU had it difmifled the Eill, as to ei 

privately ftolen from him between of the above prayer, exec 

Newington and Clapton, by cut- related to the article of 1 

ting the (Iraps which tied it to the in regard to which the o 

cart, while the boy was afleep : it pleafed to retain the bilU 

has fince been found in a ditch, lerve cofU for a tweWemoi 

with moll of the letters opened, liberty to the plaintiffs, in I 

and fome of the bags carried off. time, to bring their afiioi 

Was determined before the Lords for any damages pretended 

Commiflioners of the great feal, arifen to the theatre by ai 

in Lincoln's- Inn Hall, the caufe Mr* Colman» done after 

between the proprietors of Coven<- approbation of the plai 

Garden theatre. The bill waa writing expreiTed, betweci 

brought by the plaintiffs MefTrs. of Sept. 1768, and the 

Hams', Dagge, and Leake, againll their filing the bill, whid 

Mr. Colman and Mrs. Powell, the February 1769. 
defendants, praying that certain An account was receired 

articles of agreement, dated May the General Poft Office, 

I4, 1767, under which Mr. Col- on Sunday the 3d of Tun 

man had aflTumed the management 15 minates after (even in I 

of the theatre, might be fet afide ; ing, they felt, at Cap 

and that Mr. Colman might be re- Mole, four violent fhoci 

drained from adling in any man- earthquake ; the moft fen 

ner in the buGnefs of the theatre, two minutes and a half, 1 

independent of the participation nied with a noife much 

and concurrence of the plaintifi^s, echo that is heard fron 

or that (bme proper peribn, or per- after the firing of cannon 

ions, might be appointed for ma- town fortunately received 

paging the theatre, and for re- mage: And by a French 

cstiving the profits ; and that aa war that arrived there tl 

account might be taken of the pro- after, from Port an Prim 

fits from the 9th of September, fame iiland, they received 

1768, and that the (hare belonging lancholy account of the 

to the ccmplaiaaat Mr» ilorri** oiuliiioo of that city, not 1 




C H R ON 

Sag, sinI ibo*e joo per- 
ied ia the mint ; the fe- 
■k thrre lafteil four houn ; 
cowa) of Pciii Goaave, 
rine, equally fulFered i but 
of the iDhabiunii perilheJ. 
tat of Leoganc. C'ul de 
ri aa Princi, and Petit 
have not efcaped, all their 
rki being tot ill / de- 
■nd a fmill town, called 
ix de Bougull, with the 

rrt of ill ihbabiunti, u 
op. St. Mark'j, Port 

the Cape, and Fort Dau- 
1)r fell the Ihock as they 
e Mole, 
eard in the Court of Chan- 

caufe which bai been foine 
lending becweeo Mr. Mil- 

a bookfelier in London, 

Taylor, boolcfeller at Ber- 
r vending a pirated edi- 

Mr. Taoinfon** Seafoni ; 
- Lords CoDimiilionera of 
t Teal «ere pleafed to de- 
al Mr. Taylor ftiodd ac- 
I Mr. Millar'* executori 
lat be had fold, and fjrther 
« a perpetual injunction 

Mr. Tiylor. Thuj ihc 
■boat literary property it 
lofed, which ii a natter of 
Kcra to many of the book- 
. London, who hare given 
Til of iDOiey to authors for 
itingi ; and the bookfellcn 

and country will do well 
Nraroiag, that they ofFi-nd 
ctling aoy pirated ediiioni 

A pntpofal tnade by the 
^rdi of the I'reafury to 
y-Membcr*, for the ex* 
of the Fleet-prifon, for 
in St. George's Ficldi, to 
Dew gaol, wi) reported to 
of Com moo Couocil. The 



I C L E. [tJJ 

Lorda of the Treafury propofed to 
exchange the fcite of the prifoi 
(not an acre and a half] together 
with the old materials (not worth 
one thoufand pounds) for four 
acrei and a quarter of groand at 
the circus in St. George't FJeldi, 
and fire thourand pounds; and ex- 
pefl that the city will pull down 
the Fleet -market, atid rebuild the 
fame in the place of the prifon, 
that the whole extent of the pre- 
leat market may become a Rreet. 

To the exchanging four acrea 
of ground for an acre and a half, 
there was no oppoGtion in Com- 
mon Council, but it was fatd, thac 
the moS advantageous fpot to erect 
boure* for trade, ought not to b« 
chofen for a prifon ; it was judged* 
that four acres and a quarter ia 
the beft part of St. George's Fields, 
was equal to one acre and a quar- 
ter in the fituaiion of the Fleet, 
which IS for thiv molt part, aod 
mult for ever remain back-grouad. 
If ia, to demand &ve thoufud 
pounds . is unreafonablc. Muck 
more to exped that the city fliould 
pull down and rebuild a laarketr 
which to do, and to pave, would coft 
at Irall thirty thoufand pounds. 

That it had never been fully 
conGdcred, whether the fcite of tba 
prilbn would admit being made a 
market et^ually convenient with 
the prefent, and therefore that 
could not at once be admitted, 
though the propofal had been ad- 

7'hat if ever an exchange of 
ground took place, the removal of 
the market was not to be flipulated 
or expcded. The propofal »a» 
therefore mjefied ; and a qoedion 
propofed, that their Lordihips be 
acquainted by the City Remera- 
bfancer, that this CoHft cannot 

i^] 2 agree 



132] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

agree to thtir propcfal, bbt that to of buGnefs was difpatched. Tk 
accommodate the public they are Orphan bill was read t»ice, ui 
ready to treat for an ex.hange of the London Workhoafe bill piffsi 
lands tor the purpole of building After the King's anfwer to (be bfl 
a new prilbn in St George's Fields* addrefs of the city to his Majdf 
without being fubjed to any obli- on the birth of a Princefs had bedl 
gation to remove the Fleet- Markrt rfaJ. it was moved that the aofatf 
from where it now (lands: it was (hould be entered in the city boobi 
carried in the afiF.rmative. on which Mr. Aldermin Wifta 

, This morning about fojr faid, that, " if the entering ill 

*7'"* o'clock, a hrc w-s dilco- Kind's anfwcr among the cicy Ni 
vered at the upper end of the cords meant any thing more ibi 
Layinghoufc, in the deck yard, the bare recording that hiiofr 
Porii'mcutii, which hurni'^g with cal fact, that on fjch a dij M 
grea: rury, fjon aftercares com- Majclly g'^ve I'uch an anf«rer tolM 
niunlca;;:d itieit :o the new hemp- ci:y*s adJrefs, if it implied lli| 
hcufe, the carpenters (hops, and Oighteil degree of approbaciMi hi 
to the little maii- hcufe, all which would oppofe the motion, fiw hi 
buildings are entirely cnnfumed, thought the anfwer contaiocd i 
with the gici:r't p'>rt uf the ilores cruel and unjull fufpicion of ill 
<Vhich they contained, confiding of loyalty of the city of Londooidtf 
about two cr three hundred tons it was exceedinc^ly ill-tiined ttt 
of hemp, a great quantity of pitch, uncourtly, to affront the citiaenll 
t^r, iail!>, rig^ipL*, and ni;ilh, i^im the i ttant of their coming in lli 
all the timbrr/ Sec, which I.iy nc^r v.irmth cf their hearts, tocoapt* 
the iuiJ 'i)uiioiii;^s. We have nnt tulatc their buvereign oo the lit 
as yc: been able to knoA' the lofs crcaic of thj royal family; bn 
of lives on thi:» drea'iful occifion, that, however, he (hould acta 
but fomc have been lod, and many afcribe fo obnoxious a meafore ■ 
limbs br(;ken. Mr. RdJowe-'s the King, but to thofe Minifai 
houfc- keeper died of the fright, who fought our ruia, «ho hi^ 
The hre broke oat in five JitTercnt planned the fcheroc for the fitcd 
parts nut c^nii^uc:i:s to each other ; ding of innocent blood in Si 
feverai prrf( n5 are in hold on fuf- George's- fields, and from theGr 
picion of wilfully fettin^; it on fiie. mt^'mcnt or their power had coc 
Thrre 8:t; cnnlumcd, bc/i.lc^ the naitl/.ti:J fc-'uloully endeavoBn 
buiMing), a-* many rope?, i::]., ro create difl' n lions bctiveca tl 
malts, ic. as wou J have cnu'j'j' I Ki-^;,' and h's .-vopic, and panic 
30 iail of m'*n o\ v*.ir. [Tic h>.^ lar'y t!:e lo; ai i.ihibiiauts of tl 
fufl.'ined by this drcPufi.l fiu-, \v..s grrai c.ipi': 1, to I'erve their w 
at Htll cdiniatcd at h. J n in .:ji> ; ^rl;:.;?, .'liaRdoneJ, and wick 
but hy a calcui^riun fi..:e i:;:.Jt-j .:C purpo.'c:.** The anf^^er of I 
ror:iiii'-ir|j. aid t'ar.ir-.ii.i-j to rhc Majwfiy \\:i: cnicreJ with only I 
Lor<Is ot ilic AJnvi.ilty, It uf'tLiita cl,iie oi* the )car and the daj 
•nly to tlic iuxn of l4'^S.''!ol.] d: n\^n:\u 

Ycftcrday \\?-j hii.l r» C'( urt of ThLTwofc'lowingmotioM pil 
Gorninoii c^uhmI r.t the Ciuildli.ill in ihr Court of Common -coancil 
01 thi^ city, when a grca varic;y ** That the condud of the I 

cor< 




CHRONICLE. 



[133 



oftUi citr be taken into known » thit fealbi of the year. 
ration at the next Coort of Many (tt'tpt were loft in the har. 
Hi'CoaDcil, and that the bonr, die wharfs mined by the 
4aTor be defired id order billows that brolce againft them 
of it to be iaferced in the with - aftonilbing violence, and 
tkt. Charles-Town proTi dent' ally ef- 

hat the oath taken by the caped by the lownefs of the tide, 
er on hit admidion into The damage received is computed 
>e forthwith primed and Cent at 10,000 T. 

f Member of this Court." Id the Mearnei of Scotland a 

Orders were fent to the ilone has been lately dug up with 
Icveral royal dock-yards, to this inicription, R. iu. L. which 
the guards, and to admit probably meang Rumani Imperii 
igen for the future withjut Limes. A) this ii Ibppofed to nave 
examination. One ftrong been dcpoliied in order to nark 
bnce fecms to confirm the the limits of Cxfar's conquefts in 
ihatthe dock-yard at Portf- Britain, the doabt, fays a writer 
vai wilfully fel on fire, and in the public papers, whether that 
, the men on board the conqueror extended the Roman 
-houfe Cutler, perceiving a arms 10 the Gr.impian hills, it now 
n the dock-yard, obferved folved. To this it has been ob- 
gh a fpying-glafd by which jeAed, that not Cxfar, but Agrt- 
aid pUinly difcern it to cola extended the Roman cuu- 
iiB four diff^erent places at quells 10 the Grampian hills. 
ad took it to be a (bip a- EMniurgb, Jalf 13. Yefterdiy 
g. Tbi) was about three the court of feflions determined the 
morning, two houn before great caufe of the peerage of the 
iifcovered by the centinels aoiient and noble family of Caith- 
nefs. The competition was be- 
^flonteft of Grammoot wag tween William Sinclair of Rattler, 
I the court of Verfailles, E'qt and James Sinclair, in Keifs. 
The latter not being proved of 
lawfol blood, the coort affirmed 
the verdifl of the jury on a former 
■ ■ 'i favour of Mr; Sinclair of 



■nt of fome improper _ _ 
to the Countefs of Barre, 
{*s miArefs, at the play, 
tfnrreftion of the populac 
rarg, in France, on account 
learncfs of bread, alatmed 
;iftracy, who called iu the 
to fupprefi it, by which 
tt were luft. Ax Rhei- 
lodeied a magazine, a 
MBC ModIu who oppofed 



ider 



s new livine at Kfitle- 
II. near Skipton in Yorkihire, 
: ifaac Truman, an old foldier, 
_;d 117 years, who enjoys his 
fight, and every other faculty, in 
:at perfeflion as tie did at yi : 
He *a3 ferjeant in the firit y-ar uf 
« was received of one of the reign of Queen A nne, his been 
t dreadful hurricanes hap- in fevera] campaigns abroad, and 
in North- Carolina on the always behaved in a manner Lc- 
Jane laft, that ever was comirig x biavefoldier. Hu whole 



13+] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

time has been devoted to iifbing {on, f«r a burgliry in th€ houfe rf 
ever fince he lefc the regiment in Aldermin Harley« in Aldcrij^ite* 



which be I'crved. 

They write from Koningfterg, 
that one Schiel, a lab. urer, near 
]c8 years of age» W3s taken with 
the Vmall-pox laft April, from 
which he is not only recovcrrcd, 
but now enjoys a perfedl gcoJ Aate 
of heahh. 

Died lately, the Rev. Dr. Tew, 
rcftor of Boldon, near N?wca(lle. 
Among ether charities he has given 
5CX5 1. to the Society lor prv'^pa cant- 
ing the Gofpcl ; 5C0I. to Chrtit's 
liorpital, where he had the luiii- 
xnents or his education ; and 2C0 1. 
to the Sv^is of the LKrgj'. 

Mifs Symmonds, at Kcnfmgton. 
Her father died the week betcre, 
and left her 30,000 1. 

Mr. Jeffcrics, a farmer at Ux- 
bridgc, aged 104. 

John Sparices, of Brixhrim, aged 
105. He was carried to the grave 
by eight men and women, all 
grand- children, the eldrll of whom 
was furty years of age, and none of 
them married. 



ftrcet; William Sleight, otherwiA 

Hocham, for a like crime in tkt 

houfe of Mrs. Parker, at Iflingtot; 

and John S tret ton, for robbing tk 

m;iii. This laft Aopped the pel* 

boy juft as he was going oat flf 

town, and told him be only wanirf 

a letter that was going lo ayoMg, 

woman in the country ; tbac thff 

refuitfd to let him' have it at tiN 

othce ; and that he would take it 

out and return the bag to his mt^ 

ter in a hackney coach. Ai IM 

night was daik, the poft-boy coqU 

not fwear pofitively to his pcrfon) 

but feveral bill» being Kiuod in kii 

cullody that were proved to be 

taken out of the mail, left no rooa 

to doubi that he was the man *ti 

robbed it. 

A poor )abourer*s wife at Grarrf' 
end WHS delivered of a moafier 
that rtfembled a toad. Jt had ai 
extraordinary large head, but M 
features or lineament of a &cc, 
except one e)e, nor the appearam 
of any fex that couid be diflia- 



Mr. Jonas Berry, in the Grange, guifhed. In the place of legsiol 
Southwark, aged 112. He was arms were ftamps, or rather Sapi. 



fadler to Queen Anne. 

Robert Rofsling, E\q; aged 9;, 
the oldeft inhabitant in Dorit-i. 

At Wenefborg, in Sweden, a 



1 he rcafbn aflignrd for this pro- 
dudlion is, tNat the motbrr, in kr 
pregnancy, being ar worle ia a 
hop ground, a toad jumprd itfo 



peafant named Svcnfon, aged 104 her lap and frighiened her cx< 
years. A ycxr before his death, ceedingly. 
he recovered his fight which he had 
loll twelve years bcfure. 

At Abo, one Ore 11 ion, a peafant 
of that piaco, aged 1 1 2 years. 



A U G U S 7\ 



Ift. 



This morning were rx- 
cute J at 'Ivbiirn, purluant to 
their fentcticc, Wiiliam Donald* 



This day came on at the aSm 
?t Gui]d*rrd, l^efore the Rigk 
Hon. Lord Mantf«eld, the CMf 
between the Right Hon. Gcorgt 
Cnfltuv, and the Rev. Mr, Horae< 
The jury, after (laying out an hoar 
and n iialf, brought in a verdidHv 
Mr. Onilow \iith 4C0I. daflMKti 
uhlch iMr. Onilow has ordered Uf 
attorney to pay into the handi of 
the Rev. Dr. Hallifax, trcafurcrol 




C H R O N I C L Ej [135 

t&e relief of clergy- snd alked whether !t wu orual 

'• and orphuti ia tde afier ■ jury had brco^ht in a fo- 

ny. lema verdJA, to have it cancelled f 

« aCzcs at Guiidrord, Tbac he alwayt underftoud. that 

ayloTt Icfjeaot in the after a verdicl was brought in by 

/al S:oti regiment of i Jary, it wai decifive and iinal: 

ed for the narin of Aiid farther faid. *' If thii U t» 

nailer of the Wheat be the cafe, I think jiiriei to be 

irWcflininller-bridg'e, entirely ufelefi and nnneceflary." 

Edwards, a coachman His Lordlhip made no reply- 
led, (ifsue panicuUily The Lordi Commiffioner) of the 

-.I't drawing his fword Admiralty, by an adveriiremeat in 

a longe at the dc- the London Gazette, premile a re- 
it »as alfo proved ward of loool. for the dilcovery of 
ad he then received ay of the perfons concerned in 
! of bit death. 0;her f Iting the buildings in Purtfmoatk 
ifirned the evidence dock on fire, to be paid upon con- 
; adding, that when virion. 

had given the fiab. The following 1* an cftimate of 

e d— n you, and ran the furprising large veffeh lately 

J proved likewife that fixed up in Dickinfon'* brewhoule 

had collated the fur. at Wapping : A copper uhich 

uaa endeavouring to weighf ciglit ton), and boils at one 

. of the hou^e, bd^tg i.na zoo barrels and 31 gallons; 

)toe and abuGve. It two calkt which boid 304 barreU 

[ aggravitiag exprcf- each; two malh-tubg which held 

iie Scull had provok- 69 qrs. of tnalt each, and boil 109 

int, and th^t he wai quaiters per d-jy ; a cifk called t ho 

age. Thejuryatfint Old Hen, which holds ito bar. 

eir verdiS Gui/ij ; bat rrli ; fevenieen calks called the 

;ing of opiriioo the Seventeen Chickens, which hrJd 

too fevcre, d=!ircd each 70 barrels. The great cop- 

■ecoufider tbe ai'iuer, per is filled by puin,-<)>in lix roi- 

y returned thtir vor- nutea and three feco. ds; and tho 

Immediately u^n cocks, which are mJe to take oi" 

afper S;nith, a near occ^iionally, weigh Gl'.eeD h.ni.'cd, 

he deceaJ'cd, a&ed a one quarter, and £v: p undi. 
>rereni, whtther l.e The poll twy from New- . 

:(icitt['d to projiofc a ca!l!e was robbed upon Gad - ' * 

e Judge irninedi airly head Couimon, of th« mail from 

perfon's name, and i!ience, containing two bagi, tick- 

I walk fort^aid, whith eied NcwcaRle, and Ne>vcallle a d 

:r making a ba<)dfome York, with the Ictteri for Lond ■ 

faid, he hopi:d thrre and intermediate place 
infpeakingi m which On Si^iurday lad hu Majeity 

aafwcted. No: Mr. £cni a gentleman to Mr. Ak rm.n, 

ilferved, that he was kceptr of Newga:e, to py rl-^ 

: i at toil irai)iaAlon, fum of one b'jndrcd p^ULOi » b .h 

[K] 4 



13^^] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

was levied by the Houfe of Lords fall of the hoofet. The lotendol 

on Mr. Edmunds (late publilher of of the province ii gtMie thither IB 

the Middlefex Journal, in which eive the diredioni neceflary a 

was infcrted the Lords Protcil :) uich a calamity. 

The dues to the Black Rod are or- Paris, July 30. Letten ftoaSi 

dered n..t to be paid. Domingo confirm the melaodNll! 

A remarkabl ' trial came on at account of the calamity whid 

the aflizei at , before Baron happened there on the jd of \A 

Adams, and a fpecial jary, brought month. It is faid the eardiqaib 

by a Miller again ft his Reflor, on extended thirty-five leafoesi de 

the ilatute of Hen. YIIL which in- fea rcfe a league and a half op iav 

fii^s a penalty of 10 1. a month the ifland; a river is choakra ifi 

for non-refidence ; when a verdict and in a manner almoft kift; filf 

was given for the Miller with coils towns almoft deftroyed ; and lb 

of fuic. The non-refidence was fugar- works demdiihed. Forti* 

proved for ten months, the penalty nately it happened between Aia 

for which is icol. and eight o^cIock in the evciil^ 

Mr. Dennis Connel was com- when mod of the inhabttaats MR 

mitted to gaol at Lifbon in an ar- out of their houfes ; but the IM* 

bitrary manner, in violation of the ber of white perfons loft are abaM 

privileges granted to the Britifh four hundred. The fortanei tf 

nation by the mod folemn treaties, feveral great families in this csi^* 

for refuting to fign a claim made try miift have fufifered by it. 

by brokers for brokerage on fales The young Prince c^ Pnif« gx 

at which they were not employed, fia was chriftened at Potidim, 

with a defign to lay the whole Bri* by the name of Frederick- Wilte 

tiOi commerce in that country nn- The fponfors were the EnpeMip 

der contribution. Prince Ferdinand of ProffiSf tkl 

The Pope held a fecret con- Prince of Deux-Pont8> the £■• 

fiP.ory at Rome, in which he an- prefs of Ruffia, and the PriaoA 

nounced to the learned college, in of Orange. That a popifli PriiV 

an elegant fpcech* the reconcilia- fhould be at the head of this Sfc 

tion between the Holy See and the and that of two proteftant Soi^ 

King of Portugal. reigns, nearly related, neither rf 

Nancy, July 30. A violent tern- them flioald be invited, is not 0* 

pell, followed by a heavy rain, fily accounted for. 
which continued 24 hours, has 

m^dc terrible devallation in this To form fome opinkm of tf 

province. At Plomberies in parti- mighty lofs which the French il* 

cular it was attended with the mod tion has fuftained, by the kit 

lamentable confequences. The lit- dreadful calamity in IfifpadaW 

tie river which runs through that we (hall give our readers the il- 

town became a torrent, and, in a lowing ellimate, which has tan 

quarter of an hour, the water rofe handed about, and faid te ht'A 

ten feet : Seventeen houfes were true account of the prodoee ll 

thrown down, and the baths filled that part of the iOand in their pflf* 

with the ruins ; and many perfons fefiion, generally known by Al 

pcrifhed in the water, or b/ the name of St. Domingo. 






[■« 


1. 


•• J. 


3,400.000 




83.333 


6 a 


liO.OOO 


9 


ao,ooo 


-fl 


150,000 


q 


».773.333 


6 « 



CHRONICLE 

i<)ds brmn. 160,000 bhd*. 10 cnt. escb, 
[I. aeiiug Mr hogjheid ■.. 

5.000/MM iV >t4d. per poDod ^-^ 

, 8000 bagi. 300ID. euh, it 15I. per bag 
I kathor, to^ooo bidea, at 101, eacb hide 

XiOOOJMOlb. ai 3 1. per pouad • 



Tbeir Majeftici cane from A fhip of very ancient -'. 

idiWMd 10 St. James's, coaflruAion wu difcovered, '"^ 

be Prince of Hefle Darm- aod weighed up near Newcafile. 

with hit family, appeared the keel of which ii upward* Of 

n, and received particuUr 70 feet; her planki over-lap on|^ 

of their Uajeftieiaiceiitioa. another, and flie appear! to bg 

ajah aade the j'oang Pria- Spaiiifh built, and ii fuppofed 1^ 

preicat of a rich diamond be one of the fhip* fuak M fhf 

mi necklace, in a manner Spanilh invafion. 
I aaUe and geoeroai than Wai determined at the affiz/i af 

I After fltewiog the Jewell York, before Mr. JnUice Aflof 

Princefi, her Majefty alked and a fpecial jury, the great lead- 

nighc pnt them about her miQC caufe, beiag an illue vlircde4 

li'a neck, which honour be- by the court of Chaoccnr, wbereii} 

litely accepted, after adjaH- Mr. Thomai Smith, of Gray'i-inn. 

I collar, her MajeSy declared wai platntif. and the ea^ of Pom-: 

xane her much, and hoped fret, defendant ; when, after a fiilt 

lid wear them u a token of hearing, the jury haying, prcvi- 

aenbrance and regard. The oufly to the trial, vie^Kd the place 

, with hii family, who >p- in queftion, and it 'appeared plain- 

tncognito, took leave of ly to have been an anticoi tncta- 

Uajcffies, and a Aw day* fare (bought above 30 yeara ago, 

t out ibr Parii. and enjoy^ ai fuch by Mr. Smith) 

■arrcl hupcned between a the jory found a verdict for the 

ad hi> win in Beimondfey- plainti^. The above it the lead- 

Sontbwark, when the wo* mine in Swaledulc, faid to produce 

latched up a red-hot poker, an immenCe fum, and mentioned 

a it in the man'i eye ; the lately to have been difcovercd in 

1 in ku agony threw a knife Lord Pomfret's clUte. 
wifie, and killed her on the The council for the plaintiff 

The Jury brought in their were Mr. Weddcrburn, Mr. WaU 

accidental death. lace, Serjeant Afpinal, Mr. John- 

iagtheviotenceof a thunder fon, and Mr. Eden ; and for Lord 

K Brighthclmftone, the fea Poinfret, Mr. Dunnin;;, (who went 

at one awtion fifty feet, on purpofe, and bail ;ioo );uineaj,) 

Idcll man living never re. Meifrs. Lee, \VaIlcer,l>awlon, Da- 

»vd4hc like. venport, snd Chator. 

15 th. la 



138] ANNOAL register, 1770. 

th Tn confeqaenceof the ver- on Pinchley-Connion bj a 
^ * diA given in favour of Mr. bighway-maa^ who carried c 



Smith at York ailizes. Lord Pomfret bags* ticketed ColtfiiU and 

is faid to have addreifed the tenants It is faid the letters in tbefSi 

of the manors of Healaogh Old would take a man a week tc 

Land and Healaugh New Land, and examine | but the O 

at the market crofs Richmond in bag was found unopened, ai 

Yorkfhire ; in which among other Iriib bag with only fome b 

things his Lord(hip faid, ' That wanting, 
the jury afliimed to themfelves a Laft week was foand* t« 

legiflative power> and had given deep, in a piece of groond 

to Mr. Smith* as hit private pro* Friers gardens in the city of 

fcrty, the Hall Moor, which time belonging to Mr. Telford, 

immemorial had been their right the workmen were digging, 

of inheritance ; that he doubted part of the foundation of a 1 

sot bringing to (hame, the authors of Roman brick-work, fo 

aod abettors of thofe wicked pro- cemented , that it refided the 

ceedings ;' and therefore eocou- of a pick. This fragmer 

tat^t\ them to afTert their claim the fegmentof a circ-e, aod . 

ipeedily, as the right of common- below was taken op a flat gri 

age all over England depended up- three feet long, two feet broa 

on their fuccefs. about eight inches thick, w 

Laft tight between eleven and following infcription : 

**fi!f/5 M^' V*"'.'''' '•" ''™''' DEO SANCTO 

eat behmd Mrs. Crawley's iron ma- SERA PI 

nafadory, at Greenwich, which TEMPLUM ASO 

confomed upwards of £xty houfes; ^q FRCFT 

it if thought to have been malici- ^L. HIERONOMY 

oofly done, wirh intention to de- ANUS LEG 

ilroy the king's warehoufes, at t p^i TTT ^,fi-i-« 

that place, which, by the (hifting ^^^ VI VICIT 

cf the wind, were luckily preferved. with fome R)man coins of 

^ A bufto of his Danifh fian and others, but much di 

' Majelly, carved at Copen- The Society of Arts haTC 

liagen, and fent by him as a pre- a filver medal to Mr. Ja 

fent to the Univerfity of Oxford, former in the Ifle of Than 

was brought to the queen's palace his account of the culture 

fw their Majellies ififpeflion, who new kind of winter's food J 

came to town about noon and tic, calhd the tmrn'tp-reotui c 

viewed it. This plant kept growing 

The 36th part of the king's end of the fpring. His j 

moiety ol" the New River water from it, including both he 

works, was fold by public auAion root, was in proportion to ^ 

at Garraway's coffce-houfcs for the an acre. — This is the propi 

fnm of 6700 1. of fowing the feeJ, in ordei 

lOth ^^^^y t^'« morning the planted oi.t early in the 

-^ * poll boy carrying the Chef- and the fpring following 

icr mail from Lcmdon, was robbed plants will be at their full [ 



CHRONICLE. t<39 

There lui hen Utel/ itkmtrti 

iM Ike cooDty of Caermirihfn, the SUMMER CIRCUIT, 
fcinditioa of an antieot temple, 

mriA aa altar eoiirc, oa one fide of At Maidnone affizet, ibree were 

whick appean ft cornocosiai and capitally convifled, but were all 

«Btbc other an angural Itiff. By reprieved. 

■kc ialcripiion it appean tc have At Guildford aSzn, live were 

ftccndedicaud toFoituue. capitally conviAed, one of whoB 

A canfe wai tried between the wa reprieved. 

Set. Mr. HawkiM, of Whiichnrch At the aflizes for SofFblk, at 

Ckaonicurum. plaiaiiffi and the Bury St. Edmond'if two were ca" 

fvilhionen defendanit. The ac- pitally convJOed. 

' rioBwai brought againfl the defen- At Lincnin afl^zc;, the dragoon, 

dim for rcfaGng lo pay a (hilling for the barbnrous laurder cammit- 

tyAcoa every bog Diead of cyder, led on a coiintrynian at Bofian, 

alud of 4 d. for every orchard ; wat capititly convifled. 

«ka [he juiy, which wa* (pecial, Ai York aSizes, two were cap!- 

pm their verdiA la favour of the tally conviOed, ooe of n-hon wa* 

tttendaau. reprieved. 

At the aOizei at DDrbam, Ro- 

ttrMSt/m LilttrfrtmlfirliiigieiT, faert Hizlit was tried on two in. 

aCamierloJidiJateJtic lybiii^. diftinents; one for robbing a 
Lady, and the other for robbing 

' A dreadfol accident hai hap- the Netvcaltic Mail, on both which 

lencdMSir Jamei Lotviher'i col- indifltncnti he wu (band goilty; 

lioy. at Se.iton. near this town, but having returned all the bilU 

Snc Toul air was (tifpt&td to be and notej taken out of the mail, 

ia the pit, and the men not be- and hjving alfo made a frank con- 

ii>{ permitted to {^0 down, but let- fcSion where the mail wat hid, fo 

tiic down a candle in a Unthorn. that every thing had been recover- 

illtl fire to the foul air, which ed, he his received a Ihort re. 

*nt off with fo Jood an rxplo. prieve, that hii triendi may have 

in. that it ii faid it wa* heard time to intercede in hii behalf. 

K Cockermouih, uliich is fix He is a young man, and was clerk 
nlndillaat. Ihtiexplafion blew> tn Mr. Bamford in London, and 

If one nan quite over the gin- was upon a tour to fee hii friends . 

tafc, tree and all. and another in in Yoikftiire, when he committed 

ikc waggon way, who were both the robberies of which he has been 

billed i a third wai fo hurt that he conviAed. 

died ihii morning; Sir J.imes'i At the Norfoll; aBizct, Jimt* 

priocipnl fUward ii much fcorcbed. Frith, for entering his millreVi 

aad ■■ ooder-fleward much hurt; bedchamber in the night, and 

a ^ntlenian, who wai a Ipc^a- ftealiog thereout a trunk with 140I. 

■ar loft (he fight of Ane eye ; (e- in it, was tried and found guilty 

Tcral others, whofc curiofity led of the theft, but acquitted trf the 

them to the fpot, have fuJfercd hurgUry. He is to be tranfportcd 

ffcatlj .* for fcvcn yearj. 



J4oi ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770 

At Chelmsford affizes* a caufe read it to the defendant, w! 

Urai tried befbie Mr« Baron Sniythe» wife read it himfelf* and fi 

Wherein Mr. Dines, of Althorn, in the prefence of foor w 

Was pUintiff, and an inhabitant of who fubfcribed their name 

Margaret kooting, defendant. The defendant added, " 

The plaintiflT had engaged to marry d— — d if I don't itand to 

the defendaht's daughter Sarah, at I never fiand to any thing 

the. repeated in ftances of her father, long as I ]i?e." On the 

On his promifi ^g a portion of 500 1. July 1^69, the plaintiflTs \ 

to be psdd on the day of marriage, delivered of a fon ; but th< 

In cocfequcnce of this promife^ the dant refufed either to ftai 

plaintiff married the faid Sarah on father to the child, or to 

the 6ch of Auguft, 1766; and faid fu(n of 5 col. It was 1 

|)rcvious to the marriage, the de- in his defence, that he « 

fendant promifed to make his fober when he liEned the 

daughter worth loool. or as much but the contrary being ^uily 

as the plaintilTs father (hould give the jury gave a vcrdid 

to him. Soon after the marriage, plaintiff for 500I. 

the plaintiiPs father put his ion At Stafford aflizes, tw 

into the poffeflion of two farms, capitally c^nvi^ed, but wt 

and gave him ft ck upon the fame reprieved, 

worth at kaft icool. notwitb- At Warwick aflizes, thn 

(landing which the defendant re- capitally convided. 

fufcd to fulfil his proroifes. On At Shrewibury aflizes, 

the 5th of April 1768, the defen- foners were tried, fix of* 

dant being at the plaintiff's houfe, were capitally convided. 

in company with divers other per- At the aflizes at Carlif 

fons, and obferving a child walk- were capitally convided, b 

sng about the room, faid, " he reprieved, and ordered foi 

Viiihcd he could fee tome of the portation. 

plaintiff's children." The latter At the aflizes at Bucki 

kofwered, thai '* He was furprizcd Jofeph Dobbs was tried foi 

he fliould be glad to fee any r f his, ing open the Itables of Jan 

or to fee his houfe filled with chiU ley, Efq; of Langleybrooi 

dren, when he had not made good cutting the fineMs of a hor: 

iny one of his promifes, or given in fuch a majiner, that he i 

any thing towards bringing up a dcnth. He was found guili 

family :" The defendant replied, fentenccd to be hanged ; 

*' be would be d— ~d if he did the incerceflion of the profec 

tot give him 500]. on the birth was reprieved for tranfponai 

of his flrft child, whether a boy or At Winchefter affizes, t« 

girl, and would ftand godfather to capitally convifted. 

the child ;'* and being aflced to give At Salin)ury affizes, thre 

a note or fome other fecurity for capitally convided, but w< 

the fulfilling of his promifc, he de- prieved for traniportation. 

fired the plaintiff to write a note. At this aflizes a rcmarkab 

which he accordingly did, and came on, wherein a Farm 

> P 



CHRONICLE. [i4i 

eBtlff, and his Carter defen- the plaintifF with one half-penny 

t. The a£bon was broughc damages. 
agiinft the defendant for debauch- Ac the affizes for the county of 

lag the plaintifPsdaughccr, a girl Somcrfct, at Bridgewater, three 

of fifteen, and having a child by perfons were condemned, viz. 

kr, ptr ^uod/ervitiam amiftt. The George Shepherd, for felonioufl/ 

)m foand a verdiA for the plain- carrying away upwards of looo I. 

of with icol. damages, in money, and feveral medals, dcc^ 

At the affizes at Dorchefter only the property of Meflrs. Harris, ac 

One prifoner was capitally conviA- Taunton ; John Moor, for dealing 

ed, a man 70 years of age, for two oxen : and James Morgan, fop 

boriie-ftealing; but before the judge Healing a linen handkerchief, 

left the town he was ordered for Sh-pherd was left for execution, 

tranfportation, which he at firil but Moor and Morgan were rer 

TtfafeJ, but afterwards accepted prieved for feven years tranfporta- 

of the c'ement o:Fer. tion. John Tidball, charged with 

Robert Bartlett, for the murder breaking into the Cuflom-houfe at 

of his brother, was brought in Minphe«)d, was acquitted. 
cuD-ilaaghier, and burnt iu the At Hereford allizes, two were 

bnd. capitally convicted, but were boti^ 

At the aflizes for the county of reprieved. 
DircD, Mary Quarram, aged op- Capt. Marmaduke Bowcn, Lewis 
vuds of 64. for the iqarder of her Bowen his fon, and John Williams, 
{randlon, an infant about a year the murderer, were broughc to the 
aod a quarter old, by drowning bar, and feverally arraigned; the 
iio, received feutence of death, firft as an accefiary before the fadl, 
bot was refpited; John Haggot, the two others a& accelTaries after 
John Batting, and John Wilfon, the fadl, in the murder of Mr. 
mr robbing John Royal near Ply- Powell ; when a motion was made 
Douth, of a filver watch, a s, &c. to put off their trials to the ne:^C 
James Matthews, for robbing John afEzcs, which was agreed to. 
Ccokfley on the highway of a £lver At Monmouth aflizcs, one was 
watch. &c. and William Hallet, capitally convided, but aftenvards 
6r boofebreakiog, received fen- reprieved. 
Icnce of death ; but are all re- 
prieved. Florence t Julj 3 1 . We hear frona 
A canfe came on to be tried at Montemignaio, that a hermit, who 
thefe affixes, in which an attorney did lately there, aged "jj^ after 
of Plymouth wa? pi aintiflTy and Ste- having led a folitary anci exemr 
phen Drew, of the fame place, £fq; plary life in his hermitage during 
defendanc. Upon the trial it ap- 42* years, a few moments before 
pearrdy that the attorney had fir ft his death, declared to his con- 
given Mr. Drew the /i>, and on his hSot, that he was Count C«far 
refvfing to afk pardon, or give fa- Solari of Turin ; that having lived 
cisfiifkioa. the defendant had fpit in the married ftate five years, he 
in his facCf and trod upon his toe. had a fon ; and that afterwards he 
Th^ jory broughc in a verdi6t for quitted his cAate at Villanouva, 

and 



142] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



and turned Anchorite. The pa- 
pers ^ound in hii retireinenc» con- 
fifiiicd tns cqafefliooy and» in con- 
fevjU^nccy he was interred in t 
liia;i:»er fuitable to his birth* 

Romf, Julj 28. We are aiTured 
that the Emperor of Japan died 
lately in bii capital, aged 92 
years. He did not marry till 7c » 
with a woman of common rank, 
by whom he had a Ton, now 15 
years of age. 

Liids^ Ayguft 21. The account 
of the inhabitants of New- York 
having agreed to the importation 
of goods from England, was re- 
ceived here by our American mer- 
chants with great pl(.afure ; fince 
which great quantUies of cloth have 
been (cnt down to Hull, in order 
to be (hipped for the above place. 

Edinburgh t Auguft 18. At the late 
quarterly meeting of the proprie- 
tors of the For;h and Clyde navi- 
gation, held here, the new line cf 
dire^ion of the great canal, from 
Inch-belly-bridge wellward, pro- 
pofed by Mr. M*Kcll, and approv- 
ed of by Mr. Smeaton, engineers. 
was unanimoufi/ agreed tu ; by 
this new couri'e, the canal will be 
brought to within two miles north- 
IV eft of Glafgow. 

. A woman meanly dreflcd 
*"^ found her wiy up the back- 
fiairs to the (^een's private apart- 
ments, and entered the room where 
her Mnjclly wa> fuiing with the 
DotcheU of Ancafter. '1 he woman 
took a fuivey of the room with 
great compolurc, her Majcily and 
thf Duichcfs being too much 
frighted a; fiid to interrupt l<cr : 
at length the Duichef^ had the pre- 
icnce of n-iiid to riug- the bell, 
wnicb brought up the p:ige in 
Vktiiing, who with diificult^ tuintd 
|b« iuu uder down iLirs. 



Thia morning tbe poft- 
bry carrying die Cbetler 
Mail, wai robbed at the i 
Highgate Hill by a (inj^ie 
wayman, who took cot of t 
a fmall mail, containing 
bigs. 200 L reward are 
for the difcovery of the robbi 

His Majefty has been plej 
£rant his free pardon to 1 
Phillips the elder, and 1 
Phillips the younger, and V 
Phillips, George Phillips 1 
Knight, and Richard Hide 
were coovided at feflion • 
High Court of admiralr 
plundering divers Dutch 
on the high feas, off the c 
SufTex. 

Some workmen employ 
clean a large vault in Arli 
llrcet, difcovered a fpringof < 
and one cf the men puitio{ 
a lighicJ candle to take J 
view of it, the foul air too 
and it u « with dificnlty 
guilhed. 

In the garden of Mr. Bi 
of Stepney, his been doj 
large iron pot full of 
Commonwealth money, wl 
is thought will fetch a large 

A bank note cf 100 1. 
has been fent from New* 
calUe to the fecretarv of 1 
ciety of the Bill or righ 
the iervice of Mr. Wilkes. 

An exprefs arrived at St ] 
witli an account of her roya 
ne<:» tiie princefs of Brunfwi 
ing falely delivered of a pri 
iSihiiift. 

Thia morning their M 
honoured the regiment of a 
with their prefvnce in the 
at Woc'Iwich. Hit Majeft; 
pur;H}ic)y to fcc ibffle cxpej 




CHRONICLE. 



[•4J 



rhri' MajeftiM were firft 
) tlw njal laboraiorjr, Xt- 
bj CdL Def*salieri, ud 
joagh the difiercnt room* 
'here all kinds of aiUluiy 
rre preparing ; wHlch took 
p about an hoar. Thry 
xeeded to the mtti-Ude, 
ev/ntl ib(x were fired from 
gnOi by mean* of a lock 
led to (he vent : A Tea fcr- 
rtcen inch mortar was next 
rec or four limM, entirely 
th pound Ihot, which had 
good effcA. Their Majefties 
V a heavy twelve pounder 

fiUcd twenty three times 
It ID a minute, fpunging 

each fire, and loading 

gteatell fafety, whick fur- 
tvery fpeflator, having tar 
t any quick £ringcvcr yet 
1. — The method ii entirely 
d foppoTed to be the jn- 

of Col. DeftgolicM. Pre. 
' their MajefliLt ciiming lo 
icDi they ftopped on Wool- 
iramon, where ihcy Uw 

Ibelli fired fiom moriarj 
iiaen. 

Ttiis momiog early the 
ly carrying (he Ltieflcr 

1 attacked near Brown'^ 
a Fiachley common by 
Ot-pad9 i but the bagi of 

carriage), ibey could not 
hem, and ordered ibc bey 
k it I but he telling irieni 
no key, they damo'd him, 
bim drive on. 

cafe that wai fome time 
•liOied in the London pa- 
d tobe ibe cafe of Capi. 
it like to prove of very 
lie^ence to th^t unforiu- 
•(ieman. Oa iti arrival 
If a cofflAktec of the town 



mi ordered to rtait vpoa the Cap- 
tain, to koDtv if he wat the author. 
He acknowledged he bad drawn 
up his cafe, but that it had palTed 
ihroagh ditferent bandi, and had 
been altered at different limeij 
and finally, that the publication iu 
the papcn wai variant from that 
which he feat home ai hi* own. 
Beinv interrogated ai to particular 
parti of it, he declined anfwering 
that queftioD, and faid.'.Tbat (he 
alteraiioDi were made by perfoiu, 
who, he believed, migiic aim at 
fcrving him, though he feared 
they might h^ve a contrary eSeft, 
and that Ills difciiminating partt, 
which were hii own, from tlioT* 
which had been altered by other;, 
might difpleafe hi* friend* at s 
time when he might Aand la need 
of their cITcrtiial lervice.' 

Died lately, in the Eafl Jodie*. 
Lieut. Armllrong. in the Kaft India 
company'* f«rvii:e. He was Ilruck 
dead with lightning, as he Ibood' 
under a'Tamartnd tree, with hit 
horfc's bridle under his aim. Hi* 
ttcel billed bioad-fword, i* fup. 
pofed to hive aitrailed the light- 
ning by which he was killed. Hi* 
horfc da* killed with the Ijme flafh, 

Mr. Mui?re, aged go, many 
ye.irj a[i eminent place- broker, 
who never trulled any money out 
at intercH, but put it inio an iron 
ciel), in which wu fouiul, at hia 
death, Rboui 9000 1. 

At P^ckliam, in the io;th year of 
bis age, Mr. Ramfay, tormerly s 
pawnbroker in the Mint. 

At Whiieharch in Shroplhire, 
in the 107th year of bet age, orb 
Jane Hammond. 

One Patrick Blewet, aged laj, 

in the north of Itelaod. He never 

wa» knoi*n to be a week Jicfc alt 

the [imr, and reiiined hit memory 

w4 



1441 ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



iad onderftanding to the Uik. He 
¥rU gardener to a family for eight 
generations pad. 

At Rcigate. in Sorry, one Mary 
66ld, aged in years, who had 
)i£Er eye-fight, and was hearty till 
i^itiiiii an hour of her death. 

At his houfe in Berwick- ftreet, 
§oho» John Vickers, Efq; aged 
9^, who bore a commiflion • under 
King William, and greatly didin- 
^aifted himfelf at the battle of the 
Boyne. 

Mary Johan, of Arlon in Lux- 
€mburgh, relid of Louis de Vil- 
jeneuve. Knight of St. Louis, and 
liicatcnant-Coionel of the regi- 
hient of Nice, killed in 1734. at 
ihe fiege of Philipfburg, died at 
Thionville the 6th of June lad, 
aged 108 years. She retained her 
inemory and fenfes to the lali, and 
liad never fecn any phyficians in 
iier life. 



SEPTEMBER. 

.>« Charles Saing, a paper- 
maker at Galtion, in Scot- 
land, has invented an engine for 
tatting rags,, which will cue more 
in one day than eight men can do 
in the fame time. 

Mr. Rainsfonb, High Conftable 
6f Wellminller, attended by Mr. 
Flanagan his afTidant, were ob- 
Arudled in the execution of their 
6fBce by a corporal and centincl 
ill the firil troop of horfe- grena- 
dier-guards, who inilcad of aOid- 
jng the civil power, confined the 
officiating ofHcers in the guard 
room. In this confinement they 
Continued all nig^t, the ferjeant 
refuting to dilturb the command- 
ing oftcer till his ufual hour of 
rifing in the morning. Upon 



complaint being nude to Sir Jeki 
Fieiding. the corporal md ceid- 
Del were fent for and cJumincdL 
and both committed to Tochill- 
fields Bridewell. 

21. I'his afternoon the finkwi^ 
melancholy accident happened it 
this place : 

As the pacquet yanl was cany* 
in^ on board paflengera to go him 
this to Greenock, ihe was laa 
foul of by the pacquet, and oitr- 
fet; of If people who were ii 
board, feven only coald be iavcd. 

On Friday morning one of ikt 
powder-mills, at Oore near Ftnr* 
Iham, belonging to Mr. GrucbVi 
was blown up: one man and a 
horfe were killed, and two 
men were very much hart| 
of the workmen, with 
courage, went into an adjouriif 
magazine, and rolled out a barm 
of gunpowder; after which At 
whole quantity, confifting of ]• 
barrels, were faved, and the tv- 
rible confcquences prevented. 

Laft Friday a CuAom-hoafe. ofc 
ficer was brought before the Ma* 
gillrates, at the rotation-office oa 
be. Margaret's-hiil, for firing a 
loaded pillol at a young man, who 
refufed to let him uke away \m 
bundle, without he would pmati 
his authority for {0 doing, or M 
with him into a neighbooring hMM^ 
and have his boodle (earched; 
there being no contraband goods 
in it, the Magiftrates oblieed the 
OfHcer to find furetiei for ^is 1^ 
pearance, and the yoong man-ie 
profecute at the next affixes. Thi 
fame Officer, about two months 
fince, Hopped a young woman, 8S 
(he was going from fcrvice to hir 
mother, and took out of her 
bundle an old filk handkcrchitfi 

chit 



CHRONICLE; 



['« 



ki muked, and hitd been 
I many timci. 
It w«ie grejily to be wifhed 
Ut lUge C(M(he> were put 
f^ne rcgolauoft at lo ihe 
|r of perloot and quantity of 
p carried by them. Tbixy- 
irfcitt were in and about ihe 
M coach ihij day, which 
ttwa bf one of the braces 
t wnj. Ooe of the ouilide 
•en (a rdlmooger in the 
lb) wii killed upon lite fpot. 
BU Kad botb hrr lcg« broke, 
|r had one leg broke, and 
lew of the number, cither 
I or without, but were Ic- 
{{braiJed. 

[The Dully, Peter Maddock, 
iDa the illand of Tobago, 
M (o Mr. John Blackburn, 
i at Cuwc], laden with Tu- 
TUa is the Ui\ veiTel that 
lotted QUI lor Europe wUh 
B &OIB tbai illJod. It ii 
ttkni that thit iflanj will, 
tmf'tan, make at much, or 
exceed aay of our Leeward 
t in lu produce ; the land 
wn prdved. by what it has 
I, io be of the beH quality 
|ir, whicb mud render the 
cqeal in nlue to any other 
W»bbou(tH»d[ the Ncgroei 
■Dreiildy well, the Planter) 
laltky. and, what adJs to 
■jtpinert, i), > (pirit ofcOn- 
■d unaaiinity, that animaiet 
la enry put <if their coa- 

krday beln^ tlie aaniverfary 
tkfffp«ar'i jubilee, ihe fame 
blebrated at Siritford up[>a 
'" oncunliiioa leltiviiy. 
irt Wtat iota raourniDg 
Soreae HigbncI') Ptini.e 
ii oTAaraiia, for 



Hugh Pallifer, Efqi Comptrollet 
of the Navy, attended by the (ur- 
veyor'geneia!, and federal othec 
officers of dillinftion, went dowa 
to Depttoid, and very aiteniivelir 
fuVvtycd the Dock-yard there, ana 
concerted proper meafurej for pre- 
venting a like dirafter to that whick 
happeried at Portfmouth, there be- 
ing |;[cai rcaloD to apprehend that 
foreign incendaries ate Rill watch- 
ing opportuniiiei to coinpleai their 
dcfign. 

Naflti, Aug. 14. There wa» 
another eaithvjuake ai McOina oi 
the 2:d ult. which has done cou- 
derable damage. 

The Dukeof Chablals. . 

ytiungcft Ion to the King ^ 

ol Sardinia, accompanied by Te- 
■cral Sardinian noblemen, went i 
on board his Briunoiclt Mijeily'a 
Ihip Alarm, anchored in the bajf I 
ol Villa Franca, and were received ] 
by Capt. Jarvis, with all poUJbta [ 
marks of honour and refpea. HU 
Royd HighDcli (hewed the greate^ 
cunofKy to be inforincd of the ufc. 
of every thing he law. He dcfired' 
the chain-pumjis 10 be worked, anl 
a gun to bt' eicrcifcd, and beiweea J 
the fcverai oioiions made the moft' | 
pertinent i-emarka. Hiving fatif- \ 
ficd hii curiolity, hii UtisfaflioA. 1 
waa confirmed by the magnificcacl I 
prefcnts he made on that occafion* f 
To the captain, he ga*<: a tid^, I 
diamond nng, enclofcJ in a large] 
gold fiiun-ho!: I to the two licute*] 
liantt, a gold box Cdch j 10 Chi I 
beilienant of mirinei. who mounl<~. 
cd the guard, tiie miUlliipnUn w 
lleered hi. Ro>aI Hlgiineii, a . 
the lodr v-ho alfilled hi;n up and.j 

the Qiip'i £fie. a gold watciL, 
each, one of which w..i a 1" '* 
repeater, aad another fci 
fpirk), ud A LtfM fiia«t Dan 




146] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



to the (hip's company. His Royal 
Hiehnefs flayed about two hours ; 
and was faluted on his going 
aboard and coming alhore with 
One-and-twenty guns. 

t The Committee appoint- 

ed to fuperintend the di- 
reflion of the Hatue for the late 
Led Mayor* received drawings 
from feventeen art! lis without 
names^ when two only met with 
approbatioRy which were claimed 
•by Mr. John Macre« and Mr. 
Agoftez Carlini. 

Tlie Sheriff and Jufticcs of 
B^imHUhire^ met at Portfoy, (Scot- 
land) and made a dividend of 
799 1. 12 s. ad. (infued from the 
treafury upon the firft certificate,) 
to the proprietors of the cattle 
which had been flaughtered, in 
order to prevent the fpreading of 
the contagious diflemper then rag- 
ing among them. 

Came on to be tried before John 
Hawkins, Efq; and the reft of the 
Ma^iilrates at Hicks's-hall, two 
indidmeDt*!, wherein the Gover- 
nors of the Foundling-hcfpital were 
the profecutors, and Robert fierry 
and Elizabeth his wife were the 
defendants, for violently alTaulting 
Sarah Powel, (a foundling) their 
apprentice ; when, after a full 
hearing of counfcl on both fidrs^ 
the jury, without going out of 
court, brought in the defendants 
guilty ; and thereupon the Chair- 
man was plcafed to pronounce fcn- 
tcDje, that the wife (hould be im- 
prifoned nine months and the huf- 
"band fix. 

th Thomas Robinfon. cor- 
^ ' poral, and David Dcanc, 
the centincl, lately committed to 
Tothill-fields bridewell, for im- 
prifoning the High Con liable 'of 
Wcilminller, were bailed by fomc 
Officers ID the army. 



The fame day the ferjeant. tricl 
for neglefl of duty, in not calling 
the Commanding Officer darinr 
the imprtfbnment of Samuel Raii^ 
forth, Efq; High Conftable rf 
Weftminfter» was broke by order 
of the Co^rt Martial* 

The new cut oat of the ^ 
river Lee was opened at '^ '■ 
Limehoufe into the Thames, whn 
many barges an|] boats immcdi- . 
ately pafTed up to try if it was M* 
vigable, and it proved to aofatf 
extremely well. 

The Bench of Juftices of Ac 
county of Middlefcx, it is (£it 
have come to a refoluiion to obIi|e 
all public places of entertainmcit 
to take down the organs, which irs 
kept for the amufemeat of thdr 
cuilomers. 

I'he remains of the Right Hoh 
Lady Vifcoontefs Townfend^ Lutj 
of his Excellency the Lord Lid- 
tenant ; were carried to Sir Joha*| 
Quay, attended by the Right Hoi. 
the Lord Mayor, and the two Sic* 
riffs, in their carriages, the rc|i* 
ment of horfe on Dublin duy, 
the officers, kettle-dnixnmerf, aal 
trumpeters of which, with the bat- 
tle-axe guards, &c. had fcaifi, 
hatbands, and black gloves, ite 
kettle-drums had a black crape 
over them, and the tmmpcti 
were muffled ; the gentlemen do- 
meftics of his Excellency's hoofe- 
hold, all in deep mourning, walked 
in procedion ; the body was pot on. 
board the Southern, for ParkgaiCb 
from Xv^nce it is to be taken tat 
the burial place of that noble &- 
mily, and depofited. Minnte gOM 
were fired from the time the pro- 
cedion began till eleven o'clock', 
and the (hips in the harbour half 
hoi lied their banners in tpken of 
mourning, and cbntinued fo aO 
day. 

The 




CHRONICLE. 



[>47 



Tbe feSona ended at iht 

d Btilejr, when fientence 
1 on ntnc capital conviAs, 
vbom were women; 30 
jred to be traorfoned for 
1. two for foarteen yean, 
aded, and two.whipped. 
Ired and thiny pcilanen 

tried ttui refEon. 
n railing down the river 
iBpreffea men, wai fud- 
)t by the captives, who 
lani to t^n one of the 

md immediately ilTued 
Ic; where, forming in a 
tj overpowered tbe Of- 

crew, and roide them- 
lert uf the vefTel without 
lence or any bloodJhed. 
n nn [he tender a(hore 

in Eflex, to the number 
om whence they marched 
onntry, and divided into 
i> one ttnvardi Rumford, 
m Bow. The cataflrophs 
ime of the Officer) tand- 
mfendwiih black eyei, 
Uowing ii an aathentic 

letter feot on Monday 
m die Admiraln to the 
f Lloyd** cofiee-houfe. 
Street. 

Favourite Hoop of war 
ived off the Moiherbank 
dand Idands, btingi an 
hat a Spanilh man of 
ve frigates, with artillery 
onei on board, had dif- 
ii Majeflyofthe Setlle- 
ort Egmont. I am com- 
J the Lordi Commiffion- 
t Admiralty to give you 
nation, that the Mer- 
it Otheri, who are any 
rreSed therein, may be 
linied therewith. 
Signed -■■■ ■ . " 

-office, 
1770. 



The following ii faid to be an 
exafl account of the Ihip* lent by 
the Spaniards from Buenoi-Ayres 
to take pofleffion of Falkland 
llltnds, viz. one frigate of 30 
gung, 190 feamen, and 100 fol- 
dien. Three frigates of i8 guns, 
80] feamen, and 340 fotdieii. 
One frigate of ao guns, 1 10 fea- 
men, aiid 84. foldiers. All tha 
paper* and journaU, kept on board 
the Favoarite flucp ot war front 
Falkland Iflanda, have been or- 
deted up from Ponfmouth I'jr the 
infpedioa of the Lords Cummif- 
lioneri of the Admiralty ; and 
the above (loop it ordered into 
dock, and her crew on board the 
guardfhip. 

PrefS'Warranti were fent to 
Porifmouth, and or/t morning 
the prefs-gangs went on board the 
merchant Ihipi, and flripprd tbem 
of all the hands they thought ufe- 
ful, before it was known in the 
town. They fecured tbe imprelTed 
men in a tender, came on Ihore, 
and in the public houfES and in 
the llreets picked up many good 
failors. 

John Simpfon was conviAed by 
the magiflraies at the Rotation- 
office, in LitchGeld-ftreet, in the 
fum of lol. for Healing a fpaniel 
dog belonging to Mr. Roberts, 
which be bad killed and tinned; 
the Ccin being found upon him, 
and he not being able to pay 
the penalty inHicled, nas com- 
mitted to Clerkenwell Bridewell 
for Itx months. 

A cart upon a new conftruftioa 
was brought to the General Polt. 
Office for carrying the mails. It 
is lined with thin plates of iron, yec 
it runt much lighter than any cart 
thit has yet been brought to the 
office; and which, fton iu ingc- 

[£] 2 niout 



i4t] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

nioQs contrivance for the fecarity his Lordfliip to back the Pre 
of the fevcral bags of letters, has Warranu for the citj of Londo 
gained the approbation of the PoU- which letter his Lordfliip read, 
Mafters. likewife an anfwer thereto feat 

the Lord Mayor, fignifyiag ff 

Extras of a Letter from Neuftadt» it had never been Sfnal for I 

Sept, 4. Lord Mavor to fign foch Wama 

** Yeflerday noon the King of ufelefs applied to by iba Pd 

Prafiia arrived hcre> and alighted Council. 

from his coach before he came to The Lord Mayor tbai real 

the head quarters, where his Impe- letter from Mr. Recorder to \ 

rial Majeti]^ waited to receive him. Lordfliip, defiling his Lordflap 

The inhabitants of this city were inform the Coort of Mr. Rcoofol 

extremely aifefted at the meeting indifpofition, and to reqoeft le 

of theie two great Monarchs, info- of abfence for a month : chat 

much that when they went toge- court did confent to give Mr. 1 

ther to the quarters allotted for corder leave of abfence for a mo 

the King of Pruflia, mofl of the from their court, but that t 

people kneeled down as they paflfed could not difpenfe with hit ao 

along. In the evening there was dance on the other courts \ 

an opera. The grand manoeuvres that it was therefore the MM 

will begin this day* mous opinion of the Coort of 

Naples, Aug. 21. Two hundred dermen, that Mr. Recorder kc 

foldiers of this garrifon had formed addrefs a letter to the CoaH 

a defign to plunder the principal Common- council for a fimilarh 

houfcs of this city, while the no- of abfence. 

bihty were partaking of the diver- At a Quarterly General M 

fions that were given in the even- ing of theProprietors of fiaft-I 

ing of ttie Queen's birth-day; but flock, at their houfe in Leai 

the plot was happily difcovered hall-flreet, Sir George Colebro 

time enough to prever.t the execu- Bart, declared the half-yearly i 

tion of it. There has been a frc(h dend at fix per cent. 

eruption thin week from Mount A Common-conncil was 

Vei'uvius, v\h:ch has done a great holden at Guildhall, when 

deal of damage, and dellrcyed all the Lord Mayor opened the \ 

the vineyards in tiie neighbourhood with a fpeech, in which he 

ofTourduGrec. formed them that the Ml 

, At a court of aldermen which he underflood to be 

^^^ * held at Guildhall, (at \\hich tended for their confideratk 

were pre fen t the Lord Mayor, Sir that time, were about the 

William Stephcnfoq, Sir Robeit pofal of the place of Ciiy- 

Kitc, Mcflrs. Crofby, Peers, N.Kh, Ihal, and the condnft of thi 

Halifax, Sh:kcfpear, Kenm-tt, corder: that fince the Rec 

riumbe, Kiikman, Townfer.d, was prefent, he hoped they \ 

Rointer and Oliver) the Li>rd proceed firft on his buiiners. 

Mayor reported to the court, that fnme ipirited debates, in tht i 

he had received a letter Irom the of which the Recorder ci 

Lords or the Admiralty, Ucfiring into an elaborate dcl'coco c 

f 



CHRONICLE. 



['491 



id the tlelirety of 

MMiiancc of th*c Court 

Mijefly. Mr Alderman 

Moved. •• Th« it is 

UBtoa of ibii Court, th..i 

^cocdcf. by refufing id at- 

le tofd Miyor, Aldermen. 

nnmoa* of ihii City, wiih 

bombls «ildfe(s, leroon- 

. aad pclilion. (o his M«- 

lAcd contrary lo hit oaih, 

■Jniy of bit o£cc." 

moiioQ being feconded, 
|ia« ant put, and dccU'ctl 
carried it the jiftirciativc. 
, PitCffiia demanded » dt- 
In tbe divifion there ap- 
ts be fix Aldermen and 8S 
BDcn, bcfidct ihctu^ ceMcrs, 
afirBtativc : and dx Aider* 
fi*« Commoneri for the 
ft. Whereupon hii Lordfliip 
~ Ac qucftraa to be relolvcd 
irroatire. 

for adjournj^ent of 
idtrTa facing put, tbe quef- 
■ teiaitti in the aOiri^a- 

Citjr ttemeinbrancer ac- 
id ihM), that the Lords of 
tafnry had refrlvcd lo re- 
itw Fleet prilou on the 
^*— reitnw* ii- 

Oj urere ifTufd cint to the 

I oT Wedminfter to im- 

icn. &c. 
I poi*d<r- mills on Hounflow 
llyw up. by which accideoc 
I m killed. 

day fa'iy boyi, doaihed 
JobB FicMing, and pro- 
nqoiip^ 'or the tervice, 
Ikroagh the eiiv, in ordn'' 
' tM board hia Ma> 



hip*. 
■^P^tJie Barwicic, Cipt. 

t 



St. Vincent'e, were lately taken 
up by the Man, Capi. Holland. 
buand to Liverpool. They were 
all'ready to pcnlh, tile Bcrwiclc 
having Inuiidcrcd at lea (bur dayi 
before, and the wholtf acw, con- 
filling of thirteen men, and one 
woQian palTenger, being cronded 
into an open boat, without pro- ' 
viiiani or Ihelier. 

ExiraS c/a LelUr/hm Gravt/iaJfl 
Stfl.mitr l(, 177P, 

This afternoon a melancholy af-" 
ftir happened at thii place, whicb* 
in ail likelihood, will be attended 
with much noife; ihe OSctrt of 
the Lynx man of war went on 
board the Duke of Richmond 
Eall-lndiaman. in order to prefa 
the men ; when they catnc on 
board, ihe commanding Officer 
wai told by the Chief Mate of 
the Indiaman, that the I'eamcq 
bid feixed the arm-chelt, and were 
determined not to be prelTcd. On 
ihi), at high water, ibe man of 
war dropped along fide of the 
Duke of Richm mJ ; (he Chief 
Mate hailed the man of war, 
and told the C.ipiajn the feamea 
were aimed anJ drteimincd 10 re., 
flit, and that he could not be an* 
f*crablc f>r the cunfeq pence*, if 
ihcy perfificd in prelfing the pco> 
pie ■ however, the man of war 
laid the India (hip along fide, and 
a fcuffle enrued. in which one man 
on board the India Oiip was killed, 
and fevcral'dangerouily wounded ( 
notwtthDinding thii. they would 
not fnffer the man of wat'i people 
to enter ibe Ihip. on which tbcfe 
lall thought it advifeablc to Ihcer 
ofT. and the India Qiip'a pcopta 
are no* cone on Iborfi. 

[i] 3 Thi» 



150] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



, This day a Common Hall 

*9'n- was hdd at Guildhall, for 
the cleAion of a Lord Mayor for 
the year enfuing ; when all the 
Aldermen belov^' the chair, who 
had ferved the office of Sheriff, 
were feverally put in nominaiion. 
The (hew of hands was greatly in 
favour of Brnfs Crofby, and James 
Townfhend, Efqrs. and they were 
therefore returned to the Court of 

Aldermen, who made choice of Berkihire, John Street, ; 
Mr. Crofby, as being the fenior, 87, to Mifs Anne Marfti 
and he was immediately declared 



The commanding officer 
ately aiTembled a fufficicii 
of troops, who fired upon I 
mufkets and grenade^, an 
tillery of the fortrefs, ' 
means they were foon 
Eight of thw^m were ki 
22 dangerouAy wounded 
fubmttted to be condode* 
the place of their confinec 
Married lately, at Art 



duly elected. 

A motion was made by Mr. Lo- 
vel, that the thanks of the livery 
ihould be given to the two late 
patriotic Sheriffs, Townfend and 
Sawbridge, for their upright and 
impartial conduct in the difcharge 
of their office, which was carried 
in the affirmative, and ordered to 
be entered in the records. The 
thanks of the hall were alfo given 
to the committee of the livery. 

Worms, Sept, 17. The Count 
de Leriange Heideflieim has been 
lately feized in his caflle at Hei- 
de(heim, by a party of 150 men 
belonging to the Palatine troops, 
by order of the emperor. He has 
been declared incapable of govern- 
ing his country. 

Bologna, Aug, 28. A falfe bull, 
under the name of Clement XIV. 
has been handed about here, con- 
taining the fuppreffion of the Jc- 
fuits. We have not yet been able 
to find our where it was printed. 

Rome^ Sept, 1. On the 24th ult. 
at night, the galley-flwes at Civita 
Vecchia, being 1400 in number, 
found mean& to get off* their chains, 
and were a^ually employed in 



place, a young lady in tb< 
of her age. 

Died, at Walton, PI 
aged upwards of 100. 

At Wells» Mr. Mills, 
years and five days* 

In the fouth of Franci 
Milne, Efq; aged 11 1* 



O C T O B E 

The Magidrates and 
eiy of Merchants in £ 
in order to promote 
fervice, vorcd a premiu 
to every failor that ihal 
luntarily with Captain 
befidcs the bounty of 3c 
by government. This 
the failors to offer them 
ly, and the difa£reeabl< 
impreffing is avoided. 

Letters from Corfica 1 
that there are ftill a gr 
of the natives that ha 
fubmitted to the Fren 
ment : that executions 1 
of fuch of them as are 



that a prieft who hac 
digging a bole under the wall of himfelf, having embi 
the town, which they defigned to three of his kinfmen 
ploader, and then to put to ft- a. Felucca at San Percgrii 




CHRONICLE. 



'51 



id DM being able to cTcape, 
limTelf into thtf Tea with all 
ifure hang roood his neck, 
s drowned.. His poor kinf- 
Ot hiring courage to fol- 
: example of the hoty fa- 
ere taken, and condufled 
ri to.Ballia. 

freedom of King'i Lynn ii1 
c, wai prefentfd to John 
, Efq; for his conftitutioiial, 
I and unirorm cenduA, in 
I of the libcrtic) of thi« 

The Common Cryer of the 
:y read at the Royal Ex- 
hi] Majcfty't proclamation, 
; to fiich feamen who Ihall 
tily enter into bti fervice, 
:j of thirty Ihilltngs. 
thtLoKDOK Gazette. 
limil, Oanbtr, i. By leiteri 
J from Jamaica, it appeari, 
« late earthquake, whicJi 
Ed in Hifpaniola, wai felt 
r that illand, but no con- 
e damage happened at any 
lace than at Poet au Prince ; 
re its effeAt were terrible ; 
iplc loft their livei, the for- 
a on the illand or Icey go- 
is totally dellroyed, and, 
a few hoofei, the whole 
el in ruins. The governor 
labiianii, who are reduced 
ia tend, are exerting ihem- 
t boildiag of wooden houfcs, 
learned, from fatal expe- 
that baildings conftrutted 
cr materials are exceeding- 
crout, in a country where 
: earthquakes happen. 

rday the CommiflJoneri for 
ng his Majefty'i navy, con- 
with Mr. Mellifh for ;ooo 
it 131. gd. per hundred 

to be killed between the 



prefent time and the ]ii^eF De> 
cenber, at the Viftualliag-office* 
Tower- hill. 

A root ofthe true rhubarb, wbicli 
tveighed 35 lb. was taken up in 
the garden of the Lord Chief Ba- 
ron, at Dean in Scotland. The 
feeds of this plant were brought 
from China by Dr. Moanfey. 

At the general quarteriy • 
meeting of the Guardians of *^ ' 
the Afylum for Female OrT^ani, 
the Hon. and Rt. Rev. the Bifliop 
of Hereford was nnanimonJIy eleA- 
ed Vice- Prefident of that charity, 
in the room of Sir Tho. Hankey, 
deceafed. 

The firfi ftone of the new bridge 
at Exeter was laid by jcrfeph 
Dixon, Efq; 

DkUik, Stpt. 11). The Neptune, 
Broomhall, deeply laden witn £(]i, 
from the banks of Newfoundland, 
foundered on the 1 iih of Angufi, 
being the fecond day after -patting 
to fci. She was bound to the 
Well of England ; had tj fervantt 
on board, feven of whom were 
drowned ; the others, with the 
captain and fhip's company, were 
taken up by a French banker, who 
iifed them with great humanity for 
19 days, when ihey met with « 
large cat, from Whiiby, in the 
North of England, who received 
them on board and lan.led thetn 
at Burlington, on the I7ih inft. 
Of the unfortunate people who 
were drowned, it is faid there 
were three finglilb, two Irilh, one 
Scotchman, and a black boy, abopc 
1 5 years of age. 

By lettert from Leghorn we 
learn, that the deftru&ion of the 
Turkiih fleet was occafioned by 
the aftivity of Capt. Grc g. Lieu- 
tenant Torrington, and Lieutenant 
Dur>dale, three BnglifluiieD, wbq 



IS*] ANNUAL REGISTER, 

commanded the fire*(hips. When 
the latter had (leered his veflel 
in the night clofe to a Turkilh 
nan of war of 84. guns, his deiign 
y^2L% difco?ered» which threw hii* 
crew of Ruffian failors into fuch a 
conilernation» that they imme- 
diately abandoned him, and rowed 
ofF in the boat ; notwithftanuing 
which, he bravely hooked the 
grapnel -iron into the rigging of 
the enemy» and then jump d into 
the fea, from whence he was luckily 
taken op, and foon after conveyed 
on board the Ruffian Admiral, who 
loaded him with careffes, advanced 
him to a command, and prom i fed 
to recommend him for hit gallant 
behiviour to the Emprefs. 

They write from Bodon, in New- 
England, that the Affismbly of that 
province had met at Cambridge 
the end of July» according to their 
adjournment, and after fitting about 
eight days* without duing any bu- 
finefs, they refufing to ad, as an 
Aflembly, at any place out of 
fiofton, they were prorogued to tl\e 
5th of September, then to meet. 
' ChuciJItfy Cd, I. A few days 
ligo a fiiherman, «^ho was fiihing 
for falmon in the Severn near the 
bid FafTage, entangled in his net 
ia largf f<cal or fea-dog» which, 
^ith difficolty, he drew out ot the 
water opon the lands, and fome 
other men coming to his affi (lance, 
they took it a)ive. The animal, 
which the matt has brought here 
to (hew, is larger than a bull-dog, 
which it reiembles very much about 
the head, only it has no ears. 
Its (kin is covered with fliprt hair, 
dark on the back, and fpotced on 
the belly ; iu lore- feet or fins are 
about fix inches long 'with five 
claws opon each. The body nins 
taper to the tail» near which the 



hinder feet are placed, wbi 
broad and webbed* It is 1 
a large piece of water, in « 
moves with gff at niroblenefii 

The Proteiior of Archttc 
ture read his firjft ledure 
the Royal Academy, whei 
introduced the Hifliory of 
tedure, and the Sciences < 
ine on it ; the origin of 
and of the Grecian and 
orders; and concluded wi 
neral inftruAions on the fti 
praftice of Architedore^ 

Was read in full convt 
a lett^ from the Right H 
fiarl of Litchfield, Chanc 
the Univerfity of Oxford, i 
ing, that it would be for 
nour and advantage of th 
verfity to continue the Re 
Wetheiell Vice-Chancellor 
other year, and defiring t 
cnrrence of convocation i 
purpofe, which was anas 
aflented to* 

Jccomnt of tbt Lofi of his J 

Ship ^voift^ on tin C^nfi 

tagonia\ extraQei from 1 

from a. Gtntlemmn nub* * 

BoarJg to his Frieml im Lt 

We failed from Port '. 
on a cruize the 7ih of Mai 
and had a violent gale of « 
fome days, which drove as 
the coaft of Patagonia : As 
fickly, and wanted refreC 
we refolved to go into Port 
finding onrfelves within 
lea ues of it: On attemp 
work in, we ftrnck on 1 
where we beat for an houi 
half before we were able 
the (hip o£ We then (tl 
juft at that time coming 
cafiward) ran op the river 




CHRONICLE. 



[■5J 



: aboot kair a mile op, we 
on anQriieT loclc. and, at 
u ibit time ebb lidc, our 
cffiMIi in gel hrt off. pfrveil 
ihI : Sbe hung u^inn ibii 
kj iKc fore-Jrct, her Aern 
BaaKiBgl* dsprclTcd, about 
koati; (h« (lien UpC oft', 
1, and lunk in eight laihom 
Thi) happened at fu in 
tm'uig : Some got on the 
IM)iet> faam for the (hare, 
lae fbr the baa» ; To tiiAt 
R all (aiti, wTih great diffi- 
iKr|N iferee men. 1 <e 
ipa w« net with atteiwaidi 
t bmcr Gon.eived than de- 
I, haviag noiiung lo lay 
lif dut lenp.tluouj cllmaie 
;'t few 6ili, which *e»e ac 
illy (aveo ; and no ather 
' ifcaa rocki and Hones, lor 
tl DM a tree of bufh in the 
country. We lived upon 
nt. aoil fotneiiincs fea Ibwl, 
wf could get ttiem, for wc 
bcm raihcr beiicr than the 
■, aoeviihUandinK they were 
teif t&ty : We had nothing 
pk but diny bratkifh water, 
*hfn I'fovidcnce wai lo 
la to Irad a fiiowcr of fiin, 
id) time every one drank 
y out of the caviiiet of lt>c 
' KCoeld not hy by a llore 
t of freJTcli to keep 

^rtcr the lori of tke 
r and 111; men failed 
t for Port Egmont, in 
t polSbU, to bijnji the t'a- 
B to oar relief. Thi) mn, 
Jn. (he tnofi d^ngcroui un- 
Mg that ever «a> known i 
er, they fucccedrd, ■•'tJ re> 
) 10 ua itith the Favourite 
'^~ \ afterward] ; tTery 
r A*B, ti4d lull 



;iii}', but 



all hopet, and given her tip a (on. 
night bcWe Ihe appeared in Jighl 
and we weie beginning lo piepi 
for a m^TCb to B eiioi Ayre»; bi 
bv what we h^rc fi>i£e learned, 
*ouid h»ve been iii.po;! ble fot anjr 
o( u) (o have got ihciC; lur tlis 
dillance, a5we could tioi njve gone 
in a llraight line, un account of 
the large rivers that are in the 
u*v, U neai looo mile* ; not to 
ncniion the wa-<t of ptovil^ons and 
water, the layinj; on the cold 
gr<>und without any cc<veii<:g, and 
the daneets >»e had to dread fr 
the native kvagei, which wc have 
fincc been informed ate very 
mefoua for icvcral hundied lea 
to the fuuthwaid of Bucnr.s Ayf 
— We fjw no inh^ibilan: ' ' 
our Day at Port DcHre, 
we able to kill any guan: 
though tlirv were very p! 
eliietnely liiy. Capt I «tmer, a 
Mr. Thornton, our furgron, wi 
in a fm.ill boat about jo Ica^i 
up the fiver, in hopes ol maki 
Icime (liicovetie;, and pelting loi 
gudnaciiei, but were obliged to j 
turn on the fifth day, ai they could 
get noihii'g to cat or drink, la 
fhort, ii i» the moll barren, dc- 
folate conniiy, 1 fuppoCe, is the 

Thi» morningi the five ■ 

ConviAl under Tcnteoee of 
dea^h in he.vgate, were executed 
at Tyburn, njimely, Mny-Aaa 
Ryan. Joleph Jolephi, and Jamci 
Simpfon, ior tabbing W.IJi.ini 
Wright on ihe highway, in Wi.iic- 
chapel i Henry Dixoo, lor burg. 
Ury, and D aling guodt in the 
houie of Jamet Wood, in No:man- 
lireet. in it. Luk-;'* paiill, ; and 
Charlc) iVI'Donald, far robbing 
John Torolio on the highway of a 
Qltu tvaicti. Mai;. Ann Rj ^ 






4 

'ete i; 



154] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770* 

Ex$rad •/ a Litter from 
Sift. lo. 



was dt-efTed in white with black 
trimmings, and her coffin on the 
cops of the cart, together with 
* M'Donald on the right, and Dixon 
on her left hand, went in the firft 
cart ; and Jofephs (being a Jew, 
was attended by one of that per- 
faaiion, who read to him in the 
Hebrew) together with Simpfon, 
who feemed very ill, in the < ther 
cart. The laft felfion, which proved 
HtaA to Ryan, was the third in fuc- 
ceflion in which fhe had been tried 
at the Old Bailey for capital of- 
fences. 

The firft (tone of the intended 
City of London Lying-in hofpital. 
at the corner of the City-road in 
Old-ftreet, was laid by the Right 
Hon. Barlow Trecothick, Lord- 
Mayor, and Preiident of the faid 
hofpital, accompanied by John 
Patcrfon, Efi]; one of the Vice- 
Prclidents, and Trcafurer, and a 
great number of the Governors, 
amidfl the loud and repeated ac- 
clamations of a vaft concoarfe of 
people aflemblcd on the occafion.. 
— Aiter the ceremony, the Build- 
ing Committee and Officers, to- 
gether with Mr. Mylne, the archi- 
tc6l, and the contractors for the 
building, were elegantly and po- 
litely entertained at dinner by his 
Lordihip at the Maniion-houfe. 

They write from Parma, that 
there was lately ere^ed in that 
city, by order of the Infant Duke, 
a white marble monument in the 
form t'^ an ancient altar, dedicated 
to Friendlhip. It is raifed as a 
token to perpetuate the double al- 
liance which at prefent fubfids be- 
tween his Royal Highnefs and the 
Emperor. The period that ^ave 
birth to this event, together with a 
Latin infcripttOD compofed by Fa- 
ther Paccxndi, is engraved thereon. 



Two murdereri were c 
here laft Saturday in the 
Del Popolo, where it b a 
upwards of 40,000 people ' 
fembled; and jull at the 
that the laft of the crioun 
going to be difpatchcd» tl 
Merli, who had given hit 
lution, retiring too far ba* 
fell from the icaifbld, and j 
a mortal wound on the head 
occafioned a great baftle« 
people prefled fo eagerly 
fpot to fee the prieil, that th 
were not able to make ai 
againft them, but were 
themfelves to retire. Tli 
fufion then became gener 
great numbers had their a 
legs broke, and were o 
terribly maimed. 

Coyde, a tea - broker, 
charged with forging a war- 
rant for the delivery of tbrc 
of tea at the India Hou 
biought to be examined 1 
Court of Direflors at tb 
Houfe; and while they w 
bating, actually cffedtcd bis 
although three conftable 
placed to guard him. He 
pofed to have got out of th< 
room, through the door whi* 
to the Secretary's parloar, 1 
unobferved from one room 
ther till he came into the ft] 

At a court of Common 
held this day, after very W) 
bates, a queftion was mov 
James Eyre, Efq; the preC 
corder, be no more advifc 
retained, or employed in 
the affairs of this corporal 
being deemed by thti Cc 
worthy of their futore trnft 




CHRONICLE. 



I'SI 



The fame waj (t^clared the farmer*! faoore in tha night* 
rarrictl ia the affirmative, and cat the throati of the old man. 
: qnefiioD,! fix Aldermen, hif wife. Ion and daughter, from 
etjP'Cight Comnoneri, be- car to ear. Hta graadlon beiog at 
■ " ' "■ K neighbour'* honfe, happening to 

come home the inftant after thU 
Ihockiti); deed vu committed, ha 
heard fomeching wai wrong, and 
took to hi) heels, when the rnffiana 
overtook and killed him. as titej 
fuppoTed, and threw him into a 
potatoe rig, but he wat fonod alivs 
next morning, and .giving Ibma 
■ccoant of ibem. three of thefs 
t Law, flull for the future, wreichei were taken, and com- 
occafions, be advifed with, mined to the gaol of thli city." 
I, and employed; which wai Dabiim, On. 2. Jofeph Daw, 
in the affirmative. Mr. now in Newgate for the mardcr of 
ore moved. That the free- the untbrtanace peoi^e at Turvey, 
thia city be prefented to has made an ample confelJion of 
)anning, Efq; for having, the faft, in which he actnowledgea 
iolifitor- General to hii Ma- himrdf to be the only perron con- 
efended in Parliament, on cerncd in the faid mnrdcr ; in con- 
ndefl principlea of law and fequence of which, John Ryan and 
iftitation, the rights of the John Parrel, now in cuftody on the 
to pcii:ioR and remonftrate ; tormer leftiffiony of the faid Diw, 
wa* carried witboat a de- are to be enlarged. Jofeph Daw 
divifion. 



s tcllen; agaiofl the quef- 
rcn Aldermen, and forty- 
LiiiiDODert, belidcs two Icl- 

I then moyed by Mr. Jndd, 
alt cales relative to the a" 
iiiscily, where it may be n< 
to have the advice, opinion, 

ince of any Council learned next morning, and .giving Ibma 
, John Glyno, Efa: r ...,•* 

' II for the fut 



' tf » Lttttr fr»m DuIUm, 

boot ten day) ago, one 
I, a farmer at Tuivey- 
ncar Rulh, came 10 this 
e JO I. and having a 



acknowledges that he perpetrated 
the mardcr thus ; He called the old 
man, his fan, and grandlon, one 
by one, to the back of their dwell- 
ing ; then Ihbbed each of then 
I a pitchfork, and afterwarda 
their throau. The old woman 
he ftrangled in her bed. 

At a court of common- , 

er married here to a chair- council held this day, the '^ * 
le went with the fanner to Lord Mayor acquainted the court, 
the money ; on feeing it that he called them to proceed on 
« demanded hi) wife's for- the adjourned buGnefi of the laft 
'hich the farmer refufed till court; but as the report of the 
ith ; 00 which the chairman committee to confider of the em- 
be would be up with him, bankq^ent at Durham Yard was 
icy then parted, when the part of the bulinefi, he thought 
went home wiihout the leal\ proper to inform there, that he 
ition: but the fon-in-Uw hid held a court of confervancy, 
tCB rafiaQ), they atucked and that five bill* of indidment 
" had 



156] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



bad been foond againd difFerent 
peribns for CDcroachxnents on the 
river. 

The report of the aforcfaid com- 
mittee was then read : a motion was 
made by Aldermen Crufby to agree 
with the committee in their report ; 
after a debate of near three hours, 
lie withdrew his motion, and made 
another, that the report be print- 
ed » and a copy fent to each mem- 
ber of the court; which was carried 
in the affirmative. 

Another motion was made, that 
the evidence the faid committee 
have had be likewii'e printed, by 
way of appendix, and fcnc with the 
foregoing ; which was likewife car- 
ried in tbe affirmative. 

Another motion was made by 
the Lord Mayor eled, that a com- 
mittee be appointed to join the 
committee of the livery, to have 
the opinion of council concerning 
their memorial prefented at a foi- 
mer court. 

Another motion was made, that 
the memorial be now read, and it 
was read accordingly. 

Mr. Potter defircd tbe Lord 
Mayor to aflc the memorialifls, for 
what parpofci they thought them- 
{elves appointed g committee of the 
livery I Hut Mr. Aldermen Town- 
fend moved, that they might with- 
draw, which they accordingly did, 
viihont being aiked the qucilion. 

After much debate, the fir(l 
ueilion being withdrawn, Mr. 
'ilfon made a mcti n, that a 

mmittee be appointed of the 

;mbers of that court only, to 

ifiJer of the allegations contain- 
in the memoriil, and to have 
1 advice therein, as they thall 
k proper, and report to that 
I their opinion (hereon ; whicK 
carried in the allirmatiye, and 



a committee was accordingly 
pointed of fix aldermen and im 
commoners, viz. Aldernen Ci 
by, Stevenfon, Townfend, Sa 
bridge, Wiikes, and Oliver. 
Commoners, Holker, Judd, Tiwi 
iend. Sharp, Hurfbrd, Beardmon 
Bellas, Biihop, Stavely, Gu(s« as* 
Nicholfon. 

A motion was made, that tbey 
beimpowered to draw on thechaa- 
bet lain for a fam not exceedii| 
5001. which was agreed to. 

The petition of the livery of the 
company of goldfmitht wai rcadt 
ar:d a motion being nuide (hat il 
be referred to the lormer commit* 
tte, the fame was agreed to, tti 
ordered, that they have fuch advict 
thereon as they IhalJ think propcfi 
and report their opinioa to that 
court. 

This morning, aboat two ^* 
o'clock, an exprefs arrived at 
the Duke of Rutland's at Koighn- 
bridge, with the melancholy newf 
of tlie death of the Right Hon. the 
Marquis of Graiiby, wha died at 
Scarborough on Tnurfday cveoingp 
at fix o'clock, of the goat io hii 
ilomach. — His Lordlbip finding 
himfelf much out of order in hii 
ftomach and bowels, fent for Dr. 
Dai trey from York, who (with Dr. 
Mouffey who attended bis LordCbip 
before) were well convinced he had 
(Irong fymptoms of the gout, aad 
accordingly advifed the Marqois to 
put his feet and legs into hot water, 
at (he fame time adminiftering the 
higheft cordials to drive it into the 
extremities, which foon had the 
defircd efFed ; that immediately 
after his feet fwelied, looked io- 
Hamed, and had all the appearance 
of the diforder being fettled therCt 
vvhen his Lord (hip retired to ano- 
ther room, where he was imne- 

diaiel| 



CHRONICLE. 

£tMl]r (cited with a fiinitng lit, and after itking 
Ihl ttmKi nilhoul a gioan, in ihey Tec out 



[157 



phyfic 

Orien ue ieat to the Lords 
Litateaeint) of the diHercnt Cuun- 



id at Carleion Houfe thit morn, 
ing about ten o'cloc):, in pecfefl 
healtli. His Majeliy being prcvi- 



tici BO iSae out their warrant* to ouily itifoi-med of ihcir arrival, 

tkt Conllalilci and Headborough) came 10 town from Richmond, an3 

i»iliti/ ftfpeCtivc diftriiU, In im- aftei flaying fomc lime 10 congra- 

frefi nen for the marc expeditiokjs tuUie them on their file arrival, 

aiaotng the Royal Navy, that Ihall rciuiaed to Richmond. Their Royal 

^^e« to ha»« BO viuble way of llighnciTes fet out from hence on 



Tbt/wriie from Parma, ihat ihi 
hu Cardinal Eotiai, biOiop of Pa 
tiigliad, (or the encouragement of ber, 

Kilation. directed by his will the 
of twelve hundred crown) to 
tt lansally divided among twenty 
Avyosng women as mirrtage por- 
liBai. 



tour 10 Germany on the Stb 
of Junclaft. 

John Shine, a JDUrncyman bar- 
prelfcd as a feaman, by »ir- 
tuc 01 a warrant Irom the LonJi of 
the Admiralty, and backed by tlie 
Lord Mayor, wai brought before 
John Wi!k«, Efq; the ittiing Al- 
derman at Guildhall ; when the 



On Thurfdav the Lleutenaai of .Alderman adjudged the tmprelSng 



Iptiffgang wa> brought befoj 
Uti Mayor, and Icverely repri- 
■aaded by his Lordllt p, for im- 
tn£iig men in the city without 
bnag attended by a conKable. 

Ar a general aOemblv held at 
dw Tbo!(el of Dulilin. " RrJil-viJ, 
T\u it would be a very laiuiary 
lad cosAiiatinnal proceeding in 
tkcccirporaiion of iheciiy of Dub- 
Ibii %o ptefent a petition to the 
Stnfi expieSive, in the mod grate- 



Itegal, and ordered Shiae to be 

diichjrged. 

The Lords of the AdmirBltyhar- 
ing written to fcverai Noblemea 
and Gentlemen for their afliAance 
in providing handt for manning hi* 
Majelly's fleet; iiul among otheti 
to hii Grace the Duke of Northum- 
berland, lord-licoienani and cufto* 
roiulorum for the coun[y of Mid- 
dlefex. that nobleman bai wriiten 
(o Sir John Fielding upon the fub- 



M Mini, of that zeal and loyalty jeA, the coi lenti of whfch hia 

■kick aarm the breall) of bis Ma- worihip communicated to the other 

jdhr'a ^jthful citiaeni of Dublin j JuIliceB of the peace, who met ac 

UMt U the&me time, in tlie molt GuiUhalLWeltminiler; after »kich 

nUe and duiiful manner, tc pre- the Bench took the matter into cMt* 

tWthe throne Ihr many j;riev- jideration, and tefolved 10 pst In 

xa falliiitctl by tbt) Icingd^^m lorce every legal method to forwatd 

(KiKtalt and city in parncolar, the above nccefTiry huAnela. 



F il» Um ptorugatieiu tS parlta- 

. ,. BetwMOcIeve* and twelve 
■'•^ Uft aish[, their Rflj*! High- 
ndlei (he Princcii Dowigcr cf 
Walct, and the Dukeol Ghwcefier, 
landed at ^viTi ftum Ccraaitfi 



On Toefday tlie Commiffionen 
for paving, ict. the city, fined s 
bricl[:k)rT the turn of 5I. fcr taking 
op the psvcineiii, and n.aking ■ 
cellar-uindo*, %a Tbame..ftreel, 
without leave of the Uaa CooiAir- 
fiuact>. 

Tkc 



158] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



The report of the Committee ap- 
pointed to infped the embankment 
At Durham-yard, delivered to the 
Court of Common -council on Fri- 
day laft, fets forth, that the build- 
ings ere^ed by Meil'. Adams, pro- 
ject into the river zd feet, and that 
their farther rncroachmentsy by 
earth and robbifh^ projcA into the 
river 17c feet in depth, and 397 
feeet in length. 

That Mr. Paine's buildings pro- 
jeft at the Eafl end 18 feet, at the 
Weft end 9 feet, in length from 
Weft to Eaft 83 feet fix inches ; 
and that Mr. Paine's farther en- 
croachment by rubbifh, Bcc, pro- 
jects into the river 108 feet in 
dfpth, and about 461 feet in 
length : 

That the encroachment by Mr. 
Kitchiner is 52 teet at the Weft end, 
and 40 feet at the Eaft end, and 
about 104 in length : 

That ihcfe encroachments are 
' prejudical to the public, and 
hurtful to the navigation:' And 
that the reprefentacions and memo- 
rial of the Committee of watermen 
and lightermen's Company, of the 
chief owners of coal craft, and of 
the corn lightermen, contain alle- 
gations agatnft the faid encroach- 
ipents, which the Committee find 
by evidence to be fully verified and 
eft^bli(hed. 

Warrants were ycftcrday iftued 
out at th: Admiralty, figncd by 
Sir Edward Ilawkc, and fcnt to 
the conftables ol the difi'erent pa- 
riih'js within twenty miles of Lon- 
don, ordering them to iinprcfs able- 
bodied men for his Majcfty'b fea 
fervicc : They are to be paid 20 s. 
for each man, and fixpencc a mile 
for bringing tliem u^s not ex- 
ceeding 20 milci, and to deliver 



them at the rendezvooj ia Mirk* 
lane. 

Orders are givea for feveral fnall 
(loops and armed cutters to craife 
in the channel, and on the Scotch 
coaft, to prevent any (hips patting 
into o\it ports, fufpc^d of beisf 
infected. 

His Royal Highnefs the Duke of 
Goucefter, in his tour through Ger- 
many, dined the 16th ult. withik 
Emperor; but was taken ill the 
fame evening. 

The curious in Aftronomy, by 
letting the fun's image through a 
telefcope on white paper, may now 
fee feveral folar foots, appearing 
larger than Venus did at the Traa- 
fit. 

The fefHons at the Old . 
Bailey, which begun on Wed- *' 
nefday, ended, wnen eight pri(bMn 
capitally conviAed, received fea- 
tence of death, viz. Charles Bnrtoo 
for a burglary ; Bartholomew Lang- 
ley, for the deteftable crime of 
beftiality, with a (he-afs, in a hovel 
near Knight(bridge ; Jdm Barton, 
for horfe-ftealing ; Jofeph Knight, 
Thomas Bird, and William Payne 
for robbing the houfeof Mrs. Jere- 
dare of a large quantity of filver 
plate ; William Williams for a 
highway robbery, and WilUam 
Brent for a burglary in the houfe 
of Lewis Carticr, in Spur-fireet, 
Leiccfter- fields, and ftealing a pair 
of diamond ear-rings of great va- 
lue, frvcral bank notes of the valoe 
of 1500 1. 240 guineas, and fix 
Portugal pieces, valued 10 ]. 16 s. 
the property of Edward Jordaut 
Lfq. At this feflions thirty were 
oruered to be tranfported for feven 
years ; one was branded in the 
hand, who was a hackney coach- 
man, for manfl.iughtcr; four were 

ordered 




CHRONICLE. 



bS9 



oiflers on that tSiiT, which hava 
been rerufcd^ We have agreed to 
flop ill commercial intercourlb with 
New- York, on account cf [Hat i>ro- 
vioce brcalciag ths N on -Imparl a ti- 
OD Agreement, which we Uriftljr 
aa&er. who was iadifled adhere to. 

inir one of his Scholars, a Admiral Knotvlea hi) ohtained 
perniifSon to enter inio the Cziri> 
na's fervice. He i* to rank Firft 
Admiral of the Czarina's fleet, and 
have a feat in her Council. Hii pen- 
B a fmalt box on the ear, fion is teo thoufand rubles (aajoL) 
fttrttwate youth Handing a year, and a loool. Aerliog an- 
B fire, and Ihrinking from nually to be paid to hit Lady ind 
rrefiion, moft unhappily family, with the benefit of inrvi. 
le fide of his bead againit vorlhip. A compliment of five 
', or moalding in the chim- hundred guineas is to he made for 
X, which beat in a piece prcfent pocket ejcpences, and he ia 
knllt and the extravarated to be received, in hii journey, u 
r Majelly't expence, at hii arri- 
I on the edge of the Rufliaa do- 
minioDs. Upon quitting the Cza- 
I fervice, he has i promife of 
being reioftated in hii preleat rank. 

The fectbtary of ihe fociety of 
agriculture of Leon, hath drawn 
up a memorial, wherein he proves, 
fmltiiirfrtmCbarUi-Tetun, that the great number of ufelef* 



to be miratcty wt:ipped, 
iificlr whipped, and thir- 
re difcharged upon procla^ 

igft otheri who were ac- 
at this lift Seflioni, was a 



gentleman, 
, who being very inacten- 
DBra^on, his MaRer. afte- 
I xdmoDitions, intending ti 



flbing from the con tu lion 
the brain, he died early 
morning. The Mailer had 
excellent charafler for his 
tendernefs, and care of his 
, and patticularly to this 



lUlembly has been fitting 
; I4ih inll. The Lower 
u come to feveral refoluti 
eming the Council, which 
e communicated to them 
ibtcfa * reply is preparing. 



dogi in the kingdom, anaually con- 
fume of aliments proper for the 
1 fpecies, to the amount of 
fixteen millions, which would fur- 
niOi Tub Cite nee for upwards of 
300,000 men. 

A mod horrible attempt has been 
made at Cortona in Italy ; All the 
ne of contention is the Monks of the convents of the Scr. 
fierling voted the Bill of viles were poifoned by fomething 
People. The Lieutenant pot in their visuals, but they were 
r has communicated to the preferred from death by the fpeedi- 
f a Royal inftrufllon con- nefs with which remedies were 
I very ftroog terms, refpefl- brought. They are m.iking alt 
lid I ^00 1. and fuggelling poffible fearch to find out ihofe 
* model ID palTing money- who were culpable of this eoormoui 
which the Commons Houfe crime. 

Ireffed his Honour for co- This morning, about ten,! . 

U Iclten to [he King's Mi- prodigioui ongibcr of people ' ' 

crowded 



i6oi ANNI^AL REdlSTEli, 



crowded into Weftminfter-hal!, 
which continoed to fill till noon, 
when Mr. Wilkes came into the hall* 
attended by Mr. Sawbridge» and 
luiving received feveral hazzas, he 
afcenoedthe fbiri, and after inform- 
ing the company of the intent of 
their prefent meeting, he began to 
aread a paper of inftractioas to their 
aembersy the purport of which 
was. That as petitions, addrefles, 
and remonftrances to the throne, 
for a redrefs of grievances hitherto 
unprecedented, had been of late 
defpifed, and by the advice of evil 
coanfellors, difmiiTed from the 
throne ; therefore, that their repre- 
featacives be intruded to move for 
ao impeachment of Henry North, 
commonly called Lord North, as 
not only the contriver and fchemer, 
but even the carrier into execution 
of thefe cruel and unconi\itutional 
machinations. 

Mr. Sawbridge oppofed the in- 
firuftions, for this reafon, *' That 
Lord North, having places and 
penfions at his difpofal, was at the 
head of a fet of people, againft 
whom the nacion had evident rea- 
fon to complain ; that in the houfe 
of Lords he had the Bifhops and 
Scots peers ; and all the place mfn 
in the houfe of commons on his 
fide ; tiiat if his condud was 
brought into qucllion in either or 
both houfes, he would be acquit- 
ted, and they precluded from any 
complaint hereafter." He there- 
fore moved for a rcmonflrance, and 
the queftion being put, it was car- 
ried in the afHrmative. A com- 
mittee went out to draw it up, and 
returned with it in half an hour, the 
heads of which were as follow : 
1. That a bill be brought in and 

faffed for eftabiifaing triennial par- 
iaoients. 
6 



1. That hit M ; 

remove from hit prefence a 
cils, all hit minifters and fi 
of ftate» particalariy Lore 
not admit a Scotlinan iniG 
miniflration. 

3. That a law bo made 
el^lort of Great Britain 
powered to chafe any re 
tives they think proper, wi 
gard to any fentence what 

4. That no general wa 
ever idued, even in caiie 
ning a fleet, br recmi 
army. 

5. That a law be mad 
pealing to a fuperior o 
bringing in an. additions 
to convid a man, even afi 
been acquitted by a Jory 
fome favourable circamfl 
obtained the royal mercy. 

It was then agreed, tha 
be prefented by Sir Ro 
nard, not, as Mr. Sawb 
Htely obferved, out of 1 
fped to Lord Percy, w 
could not help thinkin 
thy rcprefentative, and 1 
liber:y, but becaufe that 
was out of the kingdom. 

Married, at Camberw< 
Mr. William fiarton, age 
of tlie George and Vulta 
Cornhill, to Mifs Smith, o 
Ro \r, Camberwell, aged 

Died lately, aged 10 1 
feph Davis, many years 
African trade. 



N O V E M B 1 

A woman in the Old ] 
received the fo'lowing 
from her hulband, who 
to his garden near Ifling 




CHRONICLE. 



[■6. 



*■ Dear wife, before this reachrt office ; upon which i oonteft arafe, 
}M, I fliall be no moic: The and the clrrgymaD received ■ blow 
wtight oF my misfortuaei, which on the breaft, but a conlUble be- 
I hire brought upon myftUhytny ing called immediacely, the hieu- 
.criaiml iatcrcourre with Mr!, D. lenaat wag fccured and carried be- 
Iim Dot able to beir any longer, fore a MagiJtraie, but after proper 
ui ua therefore determined to fubroiUion, w», by the generobttr 
flit a life, that for (bme yean has of tbe miniDer, relcafeJ wichont 
Wa but of little aCt lo you or ay farther prolccuiion. The poor black. 
tUIdren. Farewell, fbreicr. From with hii bride, made his cfcape in 
Ua who was once an indulseat ibe fiay. 

t«AMd."^Ai foon at flie received Tbe two Kennedys were ^. 
Ac above letter, fbe hafled with a brought to the bar'of the 

r.;..j .. ._j ._ j: l:_ .^-Qurt of King't-bench. in order 

t»i plead to the appeal lodged a- 

eaioft them by the widow Bigby ; 

Out the matter bt\i\g made up be- 

■hand. Die did not appear, and 



fiitad to endeavour to divert hi.„ 
fnun hi> purpofe, but to her grief 
fmnd bim haaginKin his own lum- 
•er-houfe, quite dead. 
The collector of the cuilumi at 



Irvine in Scotland, ordered alt the faffered a oon-fuit. An evening 
batgling velFeli about the point P*per fays, that when Ihe went to 
w Froon, to be feiied and fecured receive the money (350 1. } fbe wept 
IrS ibey fliould be a means of im- bitterly, and at lirft refilled to toucb 
' the money that was to be the price 

of her hulband'i blood ; but being 
told that nobody elfe could receive 
it for her, Ihe held up her apron* 
and bid the attorney, who was to 
pay it, fweep it into her lap. 
The Wettminller rcmon- 
flrancc was prefenied to his 
MajellyatSt. Jamei'i, by Sir 
The bert Barnard, oneofihc members 
■ Wi|. for that city, which was received, 
but no anCtver reiuiDed. it wa* 

E' 1;, 1711 : died }ill of Oc- ligncd, " By order of the general 
, 1766. This equeArian Aa- meeting, John Wilket, Cluif 



7th. 
rRo- 



nrting the plague. This was ef. 

«Sed without the leaft oppo£- 

liea. 

^ Being the birthday of oar 

glorious deliverer. King Wil- 
liia. the equeSrian flatue of his 
litt Royal Higbnefs Willism Duke 
pf CamberUnd was opened for the 
itlpedion of the public, in the 
ctntre of Cavendifh Squac 
iifcription ii as foll&wi : 
Ba, Duke of Cumberland, born 
V>1 >)• >?ii i died }ill of Oc- 

, 1766. This equeArian Aa- 
•e was creAed by Licutcnint-ge- 
eral William Strode, in gratitude At a courtof Aldermen held ~ . 
if his private kindoefi. in honour at Guildhall, Brafs Crofby, '"'* 
I his pablic virtues. Nor. 5, Anno £fq; the Lord Mayor eleA, was 
onisi 1770. fworn into that office for the year 

> This morning Michael cofuing. Upon this occafion Mr. 

Thomas, a black, and Ann Trecochick iddrelTcd himlelf 10 
andlcy. a white, were married (he hall, to enptiin the motives of 
St. Olave's, Southwark; but hi> condufl during his mayoralty ; 
lilc the ceremony was perform- He obreviid, ihit many ill-na. 
[, a piefi-gang interrupted the tured rs^fdlions had been thrown 
niAcr in the cclebniioa of his out againlt him for backing prel*. 
Vet-XIU. [Jif] warraoia 



i6a] ANN'UAL REGISTER, 1770. 

warrants In the cit^» in which he ed, that the fever on board 
remarked, he wat mftified by the fhip^ though iofedious, was 
Drecedents of all the former Lord peftilenti'aU bot only a kind of 



k 



I 



ayors ; that, at a time when the fever, owing to foul air, to rem 

whcle n alien was alarmed with the which. Dr. Hales*t ventilator 

enemy's great preparattona for war> been foccefsAiIly applied, 
he (hould have thought himfelf in- Mr. Serj« Glynn moved in 

excufable, as Chief MagiArate, if Court of Common Plens, tor a 

he had thrown any oblbuclion in to (hew caufe why the verdidt agi 

the way, which might have re- Mr. Home (bould not be fet afi 

tarded the manning of our fleet; when, after a fnll hearing, the o 

that though he had his doubts with granted the rule.—- On this occa 

refpeA to the legality of prefs-war- the right of petitioning was affe 

rants, yet, as an individual, thoi^'rh and proved ; if then the right ol 

in fo high a (lation, he thouithw'it titioning is the right of the fabj 

too weighty a matter for him fingly it muft follow, that the frccdoi 

to determine upon, and the more debate is the right cf the fit 

pirticuhrly as the parliament was slfo, otherwife the right of a 

fo near upon meeting, under whofe tioning would be nugatory. 

confideration only fuch buflncfs the evil condufl of Minifters, 

could with propriety come. Mr. inllance, is the grievance agi 

IVecothick faid further, that he which the fubjed has caufe to c 

defpifcd the low and illiberal means plain, how can that evil con 

that had been made ufe of to pre- bejuftified, if it is not folly p 

judice him in the minds of the ed ? and how can this be pny 

public; and as he had, in every if it is not fully and freely debai 

refpc^, executed the bufinefs of Freedom of debate mail then 

Chief MagiHrate, to the bed of his be inclofed in the right of | 

judgment and abilities his con- tioning, as the law gives r 

fcience was perfedly eafy, and he thing neceffary to the enjoys 

did not doubt but he ihonld meet of a right when it gives the rig! 

with the approbation of all his im- be enjoyed, 
partial fellow -citizens. Hl» fpeech This day his Majefty 

was recci'.ed with applaufe. went in the ufual date to ' 

, A letter fn^m Portfmouth of the Houfe of Peers, and on 
^ * this day's date, alarmed the the fefiion with a mott gm 
whole city of London ; it imported, fpeech from the throne, 
that at Spithead, there was an out- The infeAioas fever on- 
ward-bound Dutch Eaft-Indiaman, board the Dutch outward- ' 
which had on board 286 men, of bound Indiaman at PortfouNitl 
whom npwards of 90 were ficic of fo far abated, that the captaii 
an epidemical fever ; and that two tends failing the firll fair « 
cuftom-faoufe officeiS) who were No perfon has taken the infe 
put on board her, were already from any of the crew on boiH, 
dead. As the plague is now fo cept the two cufiom-houfe oi 
general in many parts of Europe, already mentioned, 
every body dreaded that moil fatal A motion was-thirday nad 
dillemper ; but it has fince appear- a Court of Common Conadl 




CHRONICLE. 



iDt tbit SB banble xd- 
KMSrmoce and pecitton 
cd to Ua Majeft]'. tooch- 
loUtcd right of eleaioo, 
ag for a ditfolocioo of 
[ ; wkich vna declared in 
llivci and s commitice 
ited to prepare and bring 
ch wa* done accordingly, 
aad ordered to be pre- 

30 was then madct that 
of the conri be given to 
l«cotbick, Efm the late 
ror, for hii upright cod- 
ig hii miyoniij, by the 
idaoce to the admiaiHra- 
ticeh hi* conftant endca- 
>rererving the peace and 
f the city, and for pre- 
■eif eniuoachneDt on the 
I and libertiei of hit fel- 
Di ; which was agreed to 

frotti Mr. Serjeam Glynn 
■i Mayor was read, ex- 
* acknowledgment of the 
ey had csnfcrred upon 
e reloIutioD of the itih 
r laftt which waa or- 
be entered In lt)« jogrnal 
ft. 

mCMxtiit, SaturJaj 17. 
a offered by the und«r> 
. cities and towns to en- 
nnwn to enter rolonta- 
is MajeAy'tlervice. 
LskAi. Forty (hillings 
ble feaman to enter vo- 
into his Majcfty'a fer- 

Jrl/cl. Twenty killings 
ible feaman, and fifteen 
I every ordinary feaman. 
'iStntrfff. Two guineas 
ble, and one guinea to 
nary feanao. 
EdiMiwgi. The fainc a* 



[163 

TnoM sf AhtrJti*. One guinea 
to every able feamaii, and hfteen 
(hilling) ta every landman. 

TVwjr of Ljntt. One guinea to 
every able feaman. 

N. B. Thefe bonD(!es tre over 
and above the bountW* granted by 
gttvernmttnL 

The greateft^rtoFthe fpaciona 
old church CTedbury In GloUr 
cefterCbJre being, as is fapporied. 
undtlVniiTied by the flocxls, tumbled 
downi and the organ, pulpit, read- 
ing-deik, and moft of the pews, 
were all crolhed to pieces by th« 
falling inof thenxrf'. 

Thii morning, abonC , 

twenty miaatei after two, ' 
% fire broke out at the coaCh-oSce, 
the bottom of Surry-flreet in the 
Strand, which entirely caafumed 
the fame, together with the hou(i£ 

of Neale, BIq; above it, and 

on the other fide, the lioule of Mr. 
Comyns the quaker> who planned 
the (ating of Senegal. The flames 
raged wiih great fury, and it was 
with much ditiicalty Mr. Crolby. 
head cleric of the coach-office, and 
three young women, hii daughters, 
faved their lives by gelling along 
the gn't*r oa ihs roof into iho 
garret of Robert Smith, Efqt whofe 
houfr, hsving a ftrong party-wait, 
happily put a Hop to the farther 
fpeading of the conflagration. 
Mrs. Comyns, mother of Mr. Co- 
myns, being old, was carried out 
od a feaiher'bedt 

Mr. Stephens, author of , 
the pamphlet againli the il- '^^ 
legality of imprifonment for debt, 
wai, by a bench rule, called up 
before Lord Mansfield, and tho 
reft of the Judges of the King's- 
ilench, where he fpolte for above 
half an hoar, on the fubjecl of hit 

Eimphlci and his cale, quoted 
lagna Charta. and fcvcral afli of 
C«J a parlU. 



164I ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

parliament, with great readinefs, feemed to imply a rdcnra 

and infifted on his releafcment, well ai a difference of opii 

which he urged was no more than the Jory, they were of i 

his rights and the right of every there was fafficient groond 

fubjcA in Great Britain. Lord new trial; which was acoo 

Mansfield heard him very atten- awarded, 

tively the whole time, and when This day at one o'clock^ 

he had concladed, faid, * it was Braft Crolby, £iq; Lord 

not in his power to comply wiih Mayor of this city, atteni 

his requeft ;' and remanded him Aldermen Trecothick* Step 

back to prifon. Mr. Stephens then Townfhend, and Oliver, i 

aiked, whether that was his Lord- fheriffs, and aboot an hum 

(hip's final opinion ? And, being the common cooncil, pre 

anKt^ered in the affirmative, < he from Guildhall to St. Jam 

defired his Lordfhip to take care prefent to his Majefty the c 

whether the prifoners would not monllrance. They arrived 

right themfelves.* Accordingly, two o'clock, and were inu 

when the account oF his ill-iuc- to his Majeily by the k 

cefs arrived at the prifon, thofe waiting, when the remot 

confined there iir mediately aiofe, was read by Sir James I 

fecured the turnkeys, and feven town-clerk, (the recorder 

of them, who were in upon writs tending.) 

of ai fatisfaciendumt made their To which his Majefty «m 

efcape. The marlhal then fent ed to return the fbllowiag ai 

direaiy to the Tower for a party ** As I have feen no re 

of the guards, by which the reft alter the opinion exprdflfed 

were fecored. ani'wer to yoor addrefs ap 

, His Majedy has been fubjeft, I cannot comply w 

20tn. pi^jif^jj to give 1000 K to- prayer of yoor petition," 

wards the relief and aififtance of The waters by the lao 

&he Proteilant Difleniing Minillers, were to much out at He 

fettled in Nova Scotia, in North- Oxfordlhire, that there % 

America ; and likewife 500 1. to- road over the brid£e oU 

wards building a church in the but by ropes as direftioi 

Savoy* for the ufe of reformed Henley, Abingdon, and 

German Proteftants. coaches, were obliged u 

Lord Mansfield gave the opinion eight horfes to draw them : ^ 

of the Court of king's-bench, in wall, which fUnds near the 1 

the cafe of the King againft Wood* was carried away by the o 

fall, the purport of which was as and on Suaday a bay bor(e» 

lblk>ws : That Mr. Woodfall be- faddle and bridle on, fwam 

ing charged ia the information the Thames without a ridi 

with printing and publifhing Ju- is unknown. The waters \ 

ains*s Letter to the King, if the much out at Staines, that 1 

word cnly had not been inferted in prefs was hindered for Iobc 

the verdift, the court would have part of the bridge at WalU 

ordered it to be entered up as legal ; Berks, is carried away by ik 

bat as the addition of that word flux of waters ; a waggoa 




CHRONICLE. 



[.6J 



TCft Oferfet «t Maidealiead* 

1 goidei uc placed on tbe 
and there U do navigaiioi) 
ThMma, in that part cf the 

A rale wu granted in the 
COvn of Kine'i-bench, on a 

made by Mr. Moretoo, 
KOaded b]> tke coanleliors 
» and Dnnaiog, for an in- 
am againil feven of ihc 
lars concetoed in breilcing 
the King'i-beiich lift Mon- 
id are now confined in the 
faol. 

Came on at the coart of 
CoMinMM Pleai, before Ld. 
VUmet, and the reft of tbe 
of that Conrli a motion to 
e the verdia in tbe cafe of 
. Hon. G. Oollow. againft 
IWBCi — Serjeant Whi taker, 
1 for Mr. Onflow, opened 
adinft by obferring, ihat 

ao immediate damagri 
t prared by Mr. Onflow, in 
cfice of the wordi fpotcrn, 

icfleAions made ufe of by 
(roe, afperfive of hii cha. 
sinft fenfibly afieA him ag 
nan, and iherefbre, he hop- 
rerdiA would be confirmed. 

leconded by Serj. X-eigh, 
aded how tender the law 

tbe cbarafler and good 
3f eren the fubordinate 
tl men. how much more of 
I the higher ranki of life ; 
•eluded with aOcing, what 
impoiaiion couM be thrown 
chancer of a gencleaan, 

rcprefenting him ai a man 
I promife, but rcgardlefs 
iitg his word? he, ihcre- 
aa clear in hii opinion, 
I verdiil oaght to be con- 



Serj. Glpnn, after confidering 
the wordt fpoken, proceeded to 
Ibew the nature of the meeting 'at 
which (hey were fpoken, a legal 
meeting of the cleAori of acontity, 
for conftitntioaal pnrpofti, where 
freedom of debate and freedom of 
invcKigation were efleatially ne- 
ceffary, and where, if the diarac. 
ters of rtprelentativei were not to 
be canvaficd, the very purpofe of 
the meeting muft wholly Oe de- 
feated. He concluded, with aver- 
ring that DO precedent conld be 
produced in any of oar law-books, 
where words fpoken agiinft a re- 
prcfentatiTe, merely aSeding hij 
charafler in that capacity, were 
deemed aSionable. In thit he 
wu fupportrd by Serj. Johnfon. 
who quoted a noniber of prece- 
dents to the contrary. Upon the 
whole, tbe court wai of opinion, 
that the matter wai of too macb 
weight to be haftily determined, 
and that it was too late in the term 
to give judgment; and, therefore, 
ordered that it lie over till next 
tcriD. 

Hii Excellency the Coont „ . 
deGuigne. the new French ""^ 
Ambaflador, notified bis arrival, 
to the Secretariei of State; but 
has not yet delivered hit creden- 
tials. 

Mr. Almon, the Bookfeller, re- ■ 
reived fentence for felling, in a 
monthly pamphlet, Juniui'a Letter 
to ihe K— , to pay a fine often 
mark', and to find fureiics for hit 
^ood behaviour for two yean, liim- 
lelf to be bound tn 400I. and 
hij furetiei in aool. each. Mr. 
Jullice A^n pronounced the fen. 
lence, Lotd M— - ■ — d havine 



l"J 3 



Fortjf 



i66] ANNUAC REGISTEK,'i77o. 



Forty thoufand feaxneD were vot- 
ed for the fcrvice of the enfuing 
year. The expence, it is faid» 
will amount to two millioas (ler* 
ling. 

Infurances upon outward-bound 
fliips arofe from four to ten per ' 
cent. 

^ At a general court at Chri(l*s 
Hofpital, a donation from Mrs. 
Webb of 209 1 was received ; and 
another of the like fum from Tho- 
mas Calverly, Efq; 

. This day his Majefty 

^5^"- went, with the ufual date, 
to the Hciifc of Peers, and gave 
the royal aflfent to the bill for pro- 
hibiting, for a further limited time, 
the exportation of corn, grain, 
meal, mals flour, bread, bifcuit, 
and Itarch ; and to fuch other bills 
as were ready. 

Notice was given at the Caftle 
of Dublin, that it was his Maj>lly> 
pleafure that all officers belonging 
to the army (hould forthwith repair 
to their refpedlive regiments, ex- 
cept fuch as were employed on ne- 
ceiTary fcrviccs. 

At the univerfary meeting of 
the Royal Society held in Crane- 
court* the annual Gold Medal of 
that Society was ^ven to Mr.. 
William Hewfon, for his curious 
papers en the lymphatic fydem in 
animus. 

They write from Manchefler, 
that a<i the (hip Mars was going 
out of Liverpool, for Jamaica, at- 
iwp.L'cd by fcveral jt^*ntlemcn, clerks, 
women, and pilots, :o the amount 
of 22 persons; the pilot-buat, 
ir.eeting with a ftrong eaftcrly 
wind, and lofing her ilays. v.as 
di.ven upon Hoylc's Banic, wlierc 
iLc llruck ; nioH ci the people im- 
mediately lock to the punt, buc 



(he iinkiog in the breaker 
it being an ebb-tide, was i 
on the bank again; when C 
relieved, eleven men got ini 
to fetch the people on (bore 
the pilot- boat» bat tbe tide 
againft them eight of the hk 
at the oar with the huga^ 
pilot- boat was beaten to | 
and all the perfimt oo board 
ed (among whom was the 
of the (hip) except two pile 
a clerk ; one of the pilot's k 
ing quite fpent with rowing, 
to his father, laid hu bead 
knee, and ioftamly expired. 

The Sieur Ranxonet» ' 
maker at Nancy, in Lorrai 
made a watch of the ci 
pocket (ize, in which he ha 
an inftrument of his own invi 
which plays an air #jr dm 
the parts of this little piece 
chanifm are difiribated wii 
art, as not in the leaft to afl 
movement of the watch. It 
{o nicely conftruAed, aa not 
lifFedled either by heat ^ 
drynefs or moiHure. 

The King of Denmark, I 
on the liberty of the prefs 
of the molt efficacious meant 
ward the progrefs of the f< 
has publiihed a refcript, di 
the caftle of Hirfcholm, th 
of September, in which he e 
from every kind of cenfi 
boc'ks which (hall be pric 
his dominions. 

The plague continues tc 
cruel ravages in Contlani 
Not lefs than looo perfb 
vidims daily to this d 
fcourgc. Poverty and fami 
fjid to fill up the meafure< 
calamities, and reuder the 
di:;on hoiribk. 




CHRONICLE. 



[•«7 



Intk l*if hiving lately 
ined to tht Torntigi Bichi, 

Turk hid killed, her haf- 
die Baehi told her, that 
id the people wonld oppole 
liAimeat of the murderer, 
oaaa wept bitterly. The 

to ■ppeue her, faid, " 1 
it opon a method of con- 
mo ; embrace ihe religion 
great Prophet, and I will 
t mordercr of your hofbiod 
yyoa." 

eraprcr* of Rallia tui pub- 
u ordonnance, commind- 

who profcfi the Jewilh re- 
o depart her dominions in 
ed time. The reilbn ar- 
il, ihit thefe people hold 
ipODdeoce wiu iheir ene- 

' write from Oran, a forCreri 
»aA of fiarbary. belonging 
ipantardi, that one of their 
■nagaziDei wii lately fet 
there by lightning, by the 
; op of which feventy per- 
ilhed. 

met, Niti. ti. The excef- 
91 bare occaGoned fo great 
of die Tyber, that it hai 
ved iti tunlu, and done 
lamage at Rome and the 
t country. 

a, iV«v. 6. We learn from 
in the Upper SileGa, that 
with fcveral domellicks, 
ime there a few dayi a^ 
>olaDd, all died fuddcrly 
ht after their arrival; thii 
t at £rll cauCed great con- 
M amoogO the inhabitant). 
Might tbofe perfoni died of 
igue ; but their fears foon 
I, when it appeared that 
d beta poiJboed by cuing 



Extras af « Luttr /ram DubUn, 
Navimitr 26. 



great damage was done amongft 
ihe fhtpping. The followine par- 
ticulars are come to hand: the 
Endeavour, of Whitehaven, Mack- 
merry, loll, and all hands. Thd 
Harlequin, Johnfoo, of ditip, lolt, 
and all hand:. The Primfofe, 
Steel, of Wirkington, lod, and 
ail hands. A Bug, Meflengcr. 
of Matyporti loft, the crew fived, 
except (be Mafler and one hand. 
A Brig, Bifcoe, of ditto, loO, all 
hands faved. A Brig, Mufgrave, 
of ditto, IoH, all hands fived. 
A Erig, Simproo ; the Good In- 
tent, Thorn plon ; a Sloop, Jack- 
fan; and the Pretty Jenny, Per- 
kins, are all fuppofed to hive 
foundered it fea, no account hav- 
ing been heard of them." 

The accounts that bare been 
received during the courfe of 
the prefent month, of the me- 
lancholy eiTeAs of the Jtoodi ia 
feveral part* of the kingdom, ex- 
ceed any thing of the kind that 
has happened in the memory of 
man. The cities and towns fitu> 
aced on the banks of the Severn 
have fuffered very great dillrefsj 
thofe on the Trent have fuflncred 
Ail) more j the great Bedford Le- 
vel is now under water; houfes, 
niilli, bridges, on almofi every 
brook, have been borne down ; 
but the moft afTeCting fcene of all 
happened at> Coventry, where the 
waters in the mit!dle of the night 
came rolling into the lowrermoft 
flrert of the towo, and almoft ii- 

[M] 4 llaDU. 



i68l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

ftantaneouflv rofe to an alarming 

height. The poor there, fill the D E C £ M B E R. 

houfet from top to bottom ; thofe 

vrho occupied the lower apart- His royal Htghnefs Prince « 

men ts ptriOied immediately ; fome Edward and Princefti Augafta ^ 

who dwell on the fir ft floors, af- S phii, were inoculated for lbs 

cended higher and faved their fmali-pox> by Penael and Cdar 

lives ; bot thofe who attempted to Hawkins, Efqrs. 

efcape by wading » prrifhcd by the A caufe came on to br heard 

inundation. More th&n feventy before the Lords Con milDooeri 

perfons havt been taken up drowned Smythe and Bathurft, wherein Mr. 

in that city only, and accounts Macklin, late of Covcnt- gardn 

have been received of many more thea:re, was plaintiff, and two 

in other piac^s. buoklcllers were defendanu. It 

DieJ, on the firli of O^^-.ber, appeared that the defendants were 

th^ Rev. George Whiteficld» at the publifhers of a roonchly pro- 

Ncwbury- port. New England, daflion, and had hired a p^rfofl 

The tollouirg anecdote rt-portcd to take down the firil Ad of a 

of him is irujy chirn^teriiiic — - farce called Love A-la-mcdCf 

In the early part of his life, he written by the plaintiff'; theytim 

was preaching in the open fields, inferted it in their magaziiKt 

when a drummer happened to 4^00 of which were printed, and 

be prrftrnt, who was determined 3500 fold; the plaintiff thereteic 

to iiuerrupt his pious bufinefs, prayed, that the dtfendancs might 

and rudely beat his drum in account for the profits, and vigkt 

a violent manner, in order to be retlraired by the court froa 

drown the l*reachcr*s voice. Mr. felling any more of the faid booki- 

White fit Id (poke very loud, but was After hearing counfel on botk 

not fo f owcrlul as the infliumcnt ; tides, the court granted lit* 

he therefore called out to the Macklin a perpernjl injundica. 
drummer in tliefev.ords:—" Friend, In confcquencc of a pcticioa 

you add 1 itrve the two grcateft of feveral merchants of LoodoBt 

Mailers exifting, but in different tracTIag from Hamburgh and Bre^ 

callirgt; you may beat up for vo- men, fetting forth, that there 

lunteers for King George, I for doth not appear to be the Icai 

the Lord Jefus Chrift. In God's 1 -mptom of an epidemical ^ 

name then don't let us interrupt i mper within fcvcral hundred 

each other; the world is wide n les of either of thofe places; thai 

enough for us both, and we may the linens imported by the peti* 

get recrutti in abundance." This tioners are all manufaflnrcd io 

fpec*ch had fuch an efFe6i, that diflferent parts of Germany, where 

the drummer went away in great there are not the leaft figns of any 

good humour, and left the Preacher infeAion ; and praying, that aU 

in full poffefiioD of the field. (hips fr<>m Hamburgh and Bre« 

Mrs. Gray, aged 121, at men. that have no rags or cottoo« 

Northflecf: ibc was born deaf and wool on board, be not obliged 10 

dwDb» perform quarantine; ^hia majei^ 

faciB| 




CHRONICLE. [i«j 

rou tQ nmore all re- wer« all extatei u TylwrB. 

)■ trtdci fa ht u ta»j Daring their cxecaiion « lafga 

Dt with the fafety of hit (caffijia fell down, by which foma 

I picafed to order that were killed, and many fagrt.— 

tine at prefent fubfiftiag Payne wat capiulty cooviAed fbine 

upi and vefleli coming time ago for abu£ng Muj Brandf 

burgh and Bremen, be a little girl under eight yctn of 

pntvided that they have age, bnt received the Kiag'i par- 

r cocton-wool on board, don. Langley denied tbe ft& for 

he mafier, tee. of fuch which he iuffered, with the lacn- 

'ft make oath before the ment in hit mouth. 
ifc o&cen t>r chief ma- The Lieuienanii in the preli 

<n their arrival at the fervice waited on the Lord Mayor 

are bound to, that they of thi) city with a mellage from 

wch at any pbce from the Admiralty, deiiring big Lord- 

larantine u required to Ihip lo back the prelt-warrantt, 

led, noT had communi- which hii Lordlhip refnfed. 
I any fliip or vefliel Tub- Came on at Doer's Com- r , 

o during the voyage i moni. the admiffibiltiy of La- 

the crew are all in dy Grofrenor't recriminate allega- 

titmt, charging hii LordDiip with 

ly alt the read»voat- a£ti of adultery with feveral dif> 

attended the Lord- ftrent women fame time before her 

being in office fince the Ladylhip wai charged with ths 

der to have their war- like crime by hi* Lordfhip, when 

r backed for preffing, part of the allegation were rc> 

lame was refulcd ; he jefled and part admitted, 
hat the city-bounty waa The feffiont ended at the » > 
> prevent fuch violence*. Old Bailey, when five capital 
cr near Swinefhrad, in convifti received fentence of death, 
re. having a fmall field John Clarice and John Jofeph De- 
pound which the late foe, for robbing Alexander Por- 
MX reach, but appeared dyce, Efq; of a gold watch on 
illand in the midtl of a tbe highHay ; Thomat Meekina. 
r, A qoaotity of (heep ibr aflaulting Smunaah Malemore 
^ thereon, which the on the highway, TavUbing and 
.ling ifoald be llarved to robbing herj Mark Marki, a Jew, 
ployed men with boats for robbing JoQiui Crowden in 
:hem away, and among Duke'i Place ; and Thcmai Hand, 
:ed up above twenty a Cowkeeper, for wiltully and raa- 
larei, which had herded liciouQy firing a piilol at Jofe(4i 
Holloway, (executor to (be pri- 
hi( day )^n Barton, foner'i brother) one of the ball* of 
. Knight, Tho. Bird, which entered above his wrill, and 
rent, (this laft for Ileal- came out near the elbow. 
note*, ft* to the value At ihU fcfiions 60 pTifcner* 

from Lad^Mayo) and were tried, one received lenience 

ew Laogley for bcAialiiy, to be txanfportcd for 14 year* t 

1410 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



170] 

14 to be tranfporced for fcven 
years; 16 tx) be whipped, and two 
£Bed and ioipriToned. 

A refolation has paflTcd ; that 
3781752 1. ihall be granted for the 
ordinary fupply of the navy for 

J771. 

A refolotion has alio paiTsd, to 

grant 423.7471. for defraying the 
charge ot buildings and reL)aiJd- 
ingSy and repairs of fhips» for 

1771. 

. A trial came on in the 

^^^^' court of King's, bench, 
wherein a clergyman in Cam- 
bridgefhire was plaintiff, and a 
Corn Merchant, his neighbour, 
defendaut. The a^ion was 
brought for the fedudlion of the 
plaintiff's daughter ; when the 
jury, that was Ipecial, gave 1200 1, 
damages. 

Wbitdnn. Dec. 8. The Hali- 
fax fchooner, Capt. Glaliford, is 
mrrived from Bofton, and brings 
advice, that the trial of Captain 
Preftoo, on the indi^ment pre- 
ferred againft him in confequence 



of what happened on occafion of 1769. 



The council for the Royal Aca- 
demy in PaU-Maily gave ten gold 
and filver medals, (being the bfl 
imprclfioDS from their new dies) 
executed by Mr. Pingo, froa a 
dcfign of Mr. Cipriani, to ik 
undermentioned artifts, whofe per- 
formances were adjadgcd worillf 
of pieroiams laft year. Infcribcd 
round the edge of each it the M- 
lowing : 

G O L/D M i D A L S. 

To Mr. James Gandon» for cbi 
bell defign in archttednre, 1769^ 

To Mr. Mauritius Lowe, for thf 
bell hiftorical piclure. 1769. 

To Mr. John Bacon, for the 
bell model of a bas-relief, 1769^ 
Silver Mbdals. 

To Mr. Matthew Liart» for a 
drawing of an academy fi|UC» 
1769. 

To Mr. John Graffi, for ditto. 

To Mr. John KitchingnaD^ fv 
ditto. 

To Mr. Jofeph Strutt, for ditto. 

To Mr. Ihomaa Hardwicitei 
for a drawing of architete^i 



the riot in that town on the 5th 
of March laft, came on in the 
fuperior court of judicature and 
court of aflize and general gaol 
delivery, on Wednefday the 24th 
of Ociober, and continued till 
the 30th, when he wds fully ac- 
quitted. 



I'o Mr. P. M. Van Gilder, 
for a model of an academy £g«iCt 
1709. 

To Mr. John Flaxmao* jdb 
for a mode) of ditto* 

At a court of Common ^\ 
Council a motion was made, ^ 
that the thanks of the court be 



Friday was tried in the court of given to the Rt. Hon. the Lord 
King's- bench, the great caufe be* Mayor and committee, for their 



tween Daniel M*Kercher, fifq; 
plaintiff, and Francis ileylon Pea- 
cock, E'c|; defendant, concerning 
a will, wherein was devifed about 
50,000 1. a year to the former by 
the wife of the faid Peacock ; and 
after a long heiiring, the jury 
brought iu a verdict for the delcu- 
4aAt. 



diligence in profecuting the into 
tions of the court, to procure iea* 
men for his Majelly's fcrvice; bf 
which means the former disagree- 
able method of imprefling feamca 
has become unneceflary, &c. which 
was unanimos/ly agreed to. It 
appeared H^ the commitee*a ao» 
count, that 48s m^ were ca- 

tcreda 




CHRONICLE. 



ri7t 



id fcciived di« city'* By accoanu from Liverpool wa 
leirn. that on the 6th inll. a moft 
tide hanog appeared in violent ftoim of wind from th« 
ic papers, rciiing forth, South-Well Tat in with the lid^, 
be two yoang Princes at and kept increafing until about 
■der inoculation, arc kept high water, when it Oiifted to ihe 
ge room without a &re, Nonli-Wclt, doing on that day, 
curtain* to the bed they and the two days rollowing, incrc- 
Dr. Win I ring ham, under dib!e dacnagc to the fhips both in 
re tbey are, has chought and out of the dock). A floop 
itradiA the fame ; Grll, ai from Scotland, with reGiwd fugKr, 
le hlfhood; and fecondly, being driven among the flati and 
;ht be the occafion of car- rffi;iil craft wu bulged and funk. 
•ji pcaftice what would be At noon tide the water rofe over 
wilb pernicious cunfe- ihe quay, oppofite the cuftom- 
hourc, and wafhed away upwards 
This day the following of zooa deal planki, bcfides great 
lis received the royal af- quantlliet of balkt. Several caika 
irtue of a commiffion from of butter and tillow were driven 
fty, vis. CO Oiore near Formby, with tbo 

ill to continue the duties Cork mark upon them ; and ai two 
numi cyder and perry. vefi'eli arc expcLtrd from Cork, it 

>ill for the beite'r fupply ii feared thai at Icaft one of theia 
ten and feamen to lerve is loft. Several coafter* to PrelloDt 
lajefty'i Ihips of war, and Lancalter, and Carlifle, are loft, 
■ad on board merchant and three pilot-baaii are milling. 
The Whale, Alhburn, from Li. 
erpool for CariiUe, drove alhore 
ear Formby land- mark ; the peo. 
pie are all favcd, but the cargo it 
iotirely loft. 

By the ftorm of wind which . 

began lall night, and conti- 'S*"^ 

nued to blow with great violence 

s morning, incredible damage 

I been don: to the Shipping all 

g [he fea coad, pariicolirly at 



dother trading vclTels. 
litl to amend an b,&, for 
ral quiet of the fubje^i 
all preieucei of cooccal- 

Q fuch other billi u were 



allowing account is re- 
' the lolt of the fliip Gn> 
>t. John Beatfbn, mailer 
-om Leiih lo London : Ihf 
>on the Spurn rocks, nrai 
Ji of the Kumber, 



>u[h, 



I fail 



upon the fands, aud tverj 
coaH, on the lyih of foul on boird pcrilhed. 

TJiis maroij:g, about a quarter 
before one, a wh-'le range of the 
call battlvmeot of Wellmin.ler.haU 
gave way, the bindi: g and cement 
being thoroughly decayed. The 
tlones fell upon Oliver's CofFc*-* 
houfe, broke through the ccilin;. 
thcu^h of Uad, aai through liic 



it. It appeared that there 
perfonsin all favcd; viz. 
lio, hit fon, and nepht:w, 
- other., in (he boat, -ind 
with Gx others drove on 
the wreck ; and that 19 
a all peiilhed. 



17a] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

corner of the porch or gallery over flowed in t fenner winitr by tie 

the hall gate, but no lives were Dykes breaking sear the liuls 

loft. The ftones of which this an- town of Heufleo. 
tient and noble pile is built, were 



brought from Caen in Normandy, 
and are fomethirg between lime- 
Itone and freeflone, of a Tandy 
texture, and, by age, a yrllowiih 
caft. 

The company of Grocrrs have 
ordered 200 1. to be diftributed 
among their poor members by way 
of Chridmas relief; alio have given 
100 1, to the M-rine Society tor 
fitting out ^'oor and defeitcd boys 
for the RingN (hips ; btiide!* a do- 
nation of 20 1, to ten poor Clergy- 
men's widows. 

The trial of Mr. Robinfon for ot CaOiIls immediately repaired ta 
pnbli(hing one of Junius*s letters, the fpot, with feme fervants lad 
came on at Guildhall. Whiltl the dependants, ereAed a tent on ike 
judge was giving his charge, one of (bore, gave orders that fuch dead 
the jury ilarted up, and cried out, bodies as were caft on fliore (hoald 



RxirmB §/ m Litttrfrmm Edhkrik, 
Dec. itth. 

'* I am extremely fbrry to in* 
form yon of the lofs of the Belfai 
Trader ; which happened on Taef^ 
pay night the nth inft. Jo un- 
ing the point of Gtrvin in a vi(v 
lent gale of wind, (he was drives 
againlt the rocks near that place, 
beat to pieces, and every foul pe- 
ri (bed ; Oie was laden with lioeMi 
butter, hides, &c. and had (everal 
paiTtngers on board. The £arl 



** You need not fay any more, for 
1 am determined to acquit him ;" 
on which the auorney - general 
moved (o have that man removed 
from the jury ; but this was ob- 
jected to by Serjeant Glynn ; on 
which the trial was put off till 
next term. 

TifiJ, Dec. 5. The Rhine and 
the Waal have rifen to an uncom- 
mon height for fomr days pall, 
and this day we received the me- 
lancholy ;iccount that the Rhine 
Dyke between Ophealden and 
J^akemond, was hrukcn through 
lall Sunday ; by which all Becuve, 
Thii'lwjrJ, Ciircn, Cuilcnbcrg, 
Becrt. Renav, Acquoy, Alpcrcn, 
and Hcukcloin, with all the coun- 
try between the Wa.il, the Rhine, 
and the i rek, to i\\v Deildyk and 
Gorciim. are hud under the W3irr. 
'I'hus all the inhabitants »rc iignln* 
10 the uim<'ft milery, this being 



be taken due care of, decently ift* 
terred, and the money or eflfeAi 
found upon them, to be preicrved 
for their friends.'* 

An embargo was laid by ^ 
his Excellency the Lord ^ 
Lieutenant of Ireland on all Oiip- 
ping, laden with Irilh provifiooi, 
in the Ports of that kingdom, ei- 
cept to Great Britain and the do- 
minions thereunto be'onging. fiy 
this meafure both Spain and 
France will be very much diftrefled 
to vidual their refpedive fleets. 

This day the following bills , 
rcceired the royal aflent, by *^ 
a commiflioQ from his Majefty, 
viz. 

The bill for granting an aid to 
Lis MajeAy by a land-tai, to be 
raifed in Great Britain for the Cer- 
vice of the year 1771. 

The bill for pu:iitiang mutiny and 
deft. rt ion, and U^r the better payment 



the fame coun:ry that was over- of the army and ihci; quarter!. 



The 



CHRONICLE. 



['73 



The bill for tbe better regala- 
tion of his Majefty's marine forces 
when on (here. 

The bill to continue an adl for 
allowing the free importation of 
Calted provisions from Ireland, and 
from the American colonics, for 
a fiutber limited time. 

The bill for (hutting op certain 

foot-paths in KentiOi-town, aod 

opening others in their room. 

And to feveral private bills. 

A few days (ince, as a yoang 

■u was walhing himfelf in his 

father's kitchen near the Tower, 

a woman who lived in the houfe 

caae to him v^ith a child in her 

ami, defiring him to kifs it : he 

repl«d« that he would kifs no baf- 

Urd; upon which (he threatened 

10 torn him ont of doors, as (he 

had done his fifter: words arifing, 

he rso np ftairs, fetched a loaded 

piiloip with which he wounded her 

in the throat, and (he died yefler- 

day. The young man immediately 

furrendercd himldf to Jutlicc Pell, 

and was committed to the Tower 

goal. 

• K Notwithftanding it being 
*> Chiillmas-day, there was 
a great board of Adminilcy held. 

Their Royal Highndles Prince 
Edward aod the Princefs Augulb- 
Sophia, who were lately under 
ioocolation for the fmall pox, are 
now fo well recovered as to be able 
logo abroad, 

Mr. Arnod, watch-maker, in 
St. James's- (Ireet, prefentcd to his 
MajcAy a fmall repeating watch in 
a ring, the cylinder ok which he 
made of an oriental mby. Its 
dianeier it the 54th part of an 
inch, ita length the 47rh, and iu 
weight the xoo part of a grain. 

Mr. Cunningham, a merchant 
ia BfUU w IicUDdj having cauled 



a man to be apprehended who had 
committed wafle on the ciijte of 
the Earl of Donnegal, more than 
loco armed rulTians allernblcd next 
day, fet tire to his houfe, and 
burnt it to the ground with all the 
valuable furniture; the whole da. 
mage fndained amounted to 8oco I. 
On leaving the town they took 
feveral merchants as hoftages for 
the releafe of the prifoner, whom 
it was thought proper to fet at 
large in order to regain the homa- 
ges. As foon a; that was obtained, 
a pnriy of the military went in 
purfuit of them, but with what 
iucceis is not ycc publicly known. 

A very melancholy accident 
happened to a poor family ac 
HorncalUe in Linculnfhirc, hv 
burning cirircoal in an iron pot to 
dry a new plaillered chamber, in 
which lay a man and his wife, 
and three children. The wife be- 
ing taken ill in the night, the huf. 
band got up to call iome neigh, 
hours to her alfiiUnce; two wo* 
men came dircdliy, who with the 
roan, his \Kife, and the three 
children, were all fu located by 
the fumes. A caution this againli 
deeping in rooms with burning 
charcoal. 

The general increafe of agricul- 
ture in the feveral provinces of 
France, for the laH fix years, is 
worthy of attention, and may one 
day or other affccl the general 
Geco:iomy of this nation more than 
the advantages ihi-y can ever ob- 
tain over us by a wjr. It appeart 
by exaft accounts delivered in to 
governnienc, that the waP.es in- 
clofzd and cultivated within the 
fhort tcim of five years (without 
including the prefeot year) amonnt 
to 360,000 afpent<, or 400 o^o 
Engliih ac^cs nc^ly. At the 



t74l ANNUAL R£ 

loweft eflimation thefe wades chat 
were before barren have produced 
900.000 quarters of grain, and that 
the lands before in tillage, by the 
great improvements that have been 
lately made in their culture, have 
equalled the above in their addi- 
tional increafe. Upon calculation 
it has been found, that i ,8ao,ooo 
quarters of corn will fopply 
1,500,000 people wiih bread a 
whole year, or the whole French 
nation one month.«-lf peace (hould 
continue, ard the fpirit of agri- 
culture increafe, France will be- 
come the common granary of £a- 
rope for corn. 

Dr. Rotheram, in a Philofophical 
Enquiry into the nature and pro- 
perties of Water, lately publifhed, 
fays, •* One effcft of 'now, which 
I can afTure my readers of, is, that 
a certain quantity of it, taken up 
freih from the ground, and mixed 
in a flour puddinp, will fupply the 
place of eggs, and make it equally 
light; the quantity allo'ted is two 
table rpcx>nsful iniiead of one egg ; 
and if this proportion be much ex- 
ceeded, the pudding will not ad- 
here together, but will fall to 
pieces in boiling. I aflert this 
from the experience of my own 
family ; and any one, who chufes 
to try it, will find it to be fafl." 

A letter from Mr. Edmonflone, 
who was one of the pafTengers faved 
out of the (hip Grocer, fays» that 
it is fuppofcd the fand-bank at the 
tnouth of the liumber, on which 
the (hip ftruck, was thrown Up by 
the rapidity of the dream and the 
meeting of the tide, during the 
late great floods in that river, as 
ftiips went into the Humbcr foiiie 
months ago, without meeting with 
any ob(\ru6lions. This is menti- 
oned as a caution to feamen. 



GlSTfift, if76. 

The tniwer retmiicd to toA 
mercantile bodies as have appM 
for the proteflion of their tradi^ 
is, that their requelb ihall III 
granted, if a war be declared be- 
tore the time they require it ^ aii 
this regards the applications of ill 
India Company and Carolina Ifo 
chants, as well as other bodiaof 
capital traders. 

Lord Bute is at Venice, and hi 
lately fent to England three boani 
of human and other bones, vUck 
may be counted a cariofity, »d 
ccme from a place in Iftria, itti 
his Lord (hip calls in a letter of b» 
The Catacombs of the World, h 
is certain that in an ifland eppo^ 
fite Dalmatia, there were fonk 
after digging through the fnrta 
about four feet, fuch a qnaolkf 
of human bones, goinv a piw 
gions depth, and running mM 
the fea, probably to the oppofa 
(bore, as is aftonithing and whuUf 
unaccountable. The booes srt 
not all human, but mixed wA 
thofe of other animals; nor oa 
they be a lu/us naiunie, having d 
the properties of bones, tked 
that of (linking when put ia (11 
fire, which they may have kl 
through the prodigious time tkf 
mull have been depofited. 

Sir Charles Knowles, ^^a 
lately appointed Chief Pre- ' 
fident of the Admiralty to ^. 
Emprefs of RufTia, fet oat wtt 
his family for Peter(bargha bf^ 
way of Calais^ to take oil Ua 
that oftice. 

This night there was t ^ 
very hot prefs on the river '^ 
Thames t thev paid no regard (• 
protedionSk but ftripped eitf/ 
vefTel of all their hands that««^ 
ufcful. They boarded the Qlttnt 
Ead-Indiaman ; but the crew tfi'* 

aloit 







CHRONICLE. [17s 

nKCf eot on Ihore, ind wrecks and dead bodies fitKng th« 

> Loodon about tweWe Ihores arriret duly. There ha* 

It » computed that on not been fb general a dcftrufliov 

and OS Ihorc, they took among the Ihipping oa oor coifta 

'700. in the memory of man. 

y arriTcd io town from Letters from Mahoo advife, thai 

Ncw-Englaod, Capt. two chefls, one containing the 

lo was tried there lately Gofpelj niofl corioufly bound, 

t of fome lives being with golden coveri, and S verjr 

riot between the town curioni fet of Communion -plate, 

ildiery, liui wai honour- all rid'y imbolTed ; and the other, 

:ted. containing equally magnificent 

eruption of Mount Ve- veftmenta for the Prirtts of the 

lately alarmed the ad. Greek church at Mahon, haa 

airy, but ferves co amufe been fent as a prefent by the Em« 

s. The aperture is not prefi of Rullia, which were re- 

fcot in diameter. The ceived by tbem the third of Oc- 

qnid fire runs down the tober, th« coronation -day of the 

' mountain at a great Emprefs. 

:<s than five niks id an Jt»mt, Dec. 19. Cardinal Col»* 

. as this ftream is not rina, vicar to the pope> bai pab- 

twetve or fourteen feet lifhed a placard, by which alt 

ladeft part!) and fpreads women, of what degree foever, are 

' former lavas as loon forbid to appear in the churches 

MS the great valley tliai with their faces uncovered. 

een Veluviuj and the H.ig^e. Dee. 21. On Wednef- 

of Somma, it 11 hoped day lall, being the day appointed 

t reach (he fertile and for chrillening the new-born 

pari], unlefi it Ibould daaghier of their Serene and RoyjL 

:Teat)y. The mouth of HigtineiH;! the Prince and PrincelV 

no fmokes much, bat of Orange, that ceremony »a* per- 

fts up Aones nor makes formed with the greateH folcmniiy, 

lb (hat one may walk in the great church of this town, 
banki of thii extraor- The young Princefs was named 
vet with the greatcit Frederics - Louifa - Wilhelmina ; 
and had the honour to have the 
received by the general King of Great Britain, the King 
lay. are full of the da- of Pruflia, and their Mightineiretr 
e l^ the dreadful florm among her Iponfori. The Prince 
4(19 of ihii kingdom, of Orange entertained the Stalcs- 
niy fail of the collien General, &c. in a fplendid man- 
London were wrecked ner at dinner, after the ceremony 
uih, and many of the was over, at the palace called thr 
Ihed. One of the go- Old Court. 

armed veflVIs, with is] Yederday, and ihi* day, depa- 

board, fufTercd in the latioiti from the Slates- General, 

er. From every quarter and the difTereni provinces and 

Kclanchol/ accounts of townt, have had th: honour w 

watt 



176] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

wait apoD the Princeb of Orange, the fam of 589.5001 tad 

and accoflipanted their compTi- ions employed ia the c 

jneots of congratulation with the of architeA, engineen. i 

free gift of their conAituentt, to and compcoller 10 the bri 

the new-born Princefs; which a- avenues received the fom of 

mount to ttpivardf . of 35^000 fio- los. exclufive of gratnitic 

fin& yearly for her life. invcocon of centen, and 

It appears by the abftra^ls of the feveral eagises and machi 

accounts, laid by the Black- friars- in the (aid work; all w] 

bridge committee before the court finefs we find Wlr> Mylne 1 

of Aldermen, that the /um of fur 3,762 L 10 s. 

166,217 ^« 3 *' 10 i'^* P^*^ ^^ ^^^ There has been, accor 

leveral artificers, in the bridge the above ab(lra£t, on ti 

account, includes the fum of of laft January. 70,000 

C830 1. for arching and filling up rubbifh laid on the marlh 

rieet-ditch, and making the way on the Surry fide of Blac 

from Flect-ftreet, to the upper bridge, towards making 

ground in the parifh of Chrift- roads from thence by th 

Church, Surry; 5000 1. for pit* dalen-hofpital to the turoj 

ini> the foundation of the feveral order to give it a iblidit; 

picr.s ; 400 I. for the three privies, at gravelling, 

the ends; and 2167 I. for making. By the (aid abftraQ it 

filtering and repairing the tern- pears, that the tolls recei 

pcrary briJge, which being de- the temporary bridge p 

«luded, the nctt expence of the expence of paying the 

building the b(idge, is 152,840!. money to the Watennea 

35. 10 d^. and was completed pany, for the Sunday fen 

by Mr. Mylne in ten years and the charge of ereding, 1 

three quaricis, from the time of and watching it, and ai 

his being employed by the city the building fund, the 

for thnt purpd'e, for which his 1,7571* 
fa]:.ry fcr hiiii'clf, as furvcyor, 

^•rihite^, engineer, nieafurer and Died lately, in Scotland 

iiibdeiks, amount to 3762 1. los. icsd year of his age, Joh 

It appears alio bv the faid ab- nis, a labouring man. H 

flraft, that the repairs of London- the militia at the battle c 

bridge amounted to 80,060 1. for cranky; followed his < 

which the architefts and furveyor employment till within 1 

had five per cent, on the an'ifi- of his death ; and retu 

ccrs bills, and one per cent, of fenfcs to the laft. 

the purchafes. At Maffiac in Auvergn 

VVrflniinfler-bridgccoftziS.Siol. Aniouroux, in the 117th 

an J was eleven years and nine his age. He enjoyed a 

months in building, for which from the King for thefe fi^ 

the Parliament gr.inied for build- pail, on account of his great 

ing and procuring the feveral con- At a village near Cardi 

\enier.cits requiJite thereto, frcm South Wales, one Tofeph I 

the year 1737 to 49, inclufivc, cari)cnter, aged io6« 





fcHRONICLE. I177 

sen) Bih of all the ChriAen- tit Gnfi PrcJaet tf ih* Duij pi 
;t And Boibijii from December Bafi . for «m TeoTf tuding tb* 

I. t. d. 

Btnim — — — 43 9 J 
Bath — — — 066 

Bedford t- 48 16 v 

17109 2>4^4 tfocks ' — — . 19 9 4 

^uch.&.p„5. . sr"-— - ;:jni 

I ndcT two jreirs of age 709^ Doncafler ^ ^—^.. i; ♦ 4 

B e tw cc u 3 ud 5 2)27 Dorfet » ~ 14 6 3 

5 and 10 916 ElTex — ... ^ . 2781 19 8 

10 and so 87s £xoa " — 15 10 J 

'30 xnd ^o 17^9 Oloncefler .~—r- >5 >o % 

30 and 40 3178 Grantham ,— ^ 43 ■> o 

40 and to 199Z Hant* > 8314 is it 

50 and 60 1603 Hereford ■ . 7065 a 4 

6« and 70 1468 Hertford . — ,— ;; 12 8 

70 and 80 1026 Hiocola ■ 17^8 7 4 

80 and 90 3^7 Lynn — — 22 7 } 

90 and too 56 Manchefier ^~—. 75 13 10 

too o Nortbani[ttoD ^ .^ 265 

100 and 102 I Norwich ^ — 22 16 x 

ioo and loj 1 Oxon — — o 8 1 1 

100 and 1*7 1 Readios ^t- 1*21 7 1^ 

Rochefter . — 3814J 12 8 

Paru, Btrtiu I9549. Deaths Sarqm -r- — 119 >$ 8 

y Maimgei 4775. - Fonnd- Salop — ^ 936 

received in the HofpitiU, Sheffield — 704 18 8 

Jocreafed in the bihhi Sufiblk — — 1 191 10 o 

rear 104- Increafed in the Sorry — ^ 138 17 ii 

SuOez — — 13687 2 S 

Tinnwii — — 6 13 o 

Bed 517. Marriages 173. Tiverton — — 4 11 4 

1429. Increafed in chriAen- « f Eaft . ^~ -^ e 1$ 4 

7. Decreafed in bgrials ji. -3 < Middle -^ — 19 9 o 

the coorfe of UltyearjSgo £ (Well — 478 

arc been cleared frdni New- Wolverhampton - 4340 14 10 

of which 3{io were coafl- Worcelltr — i8il 14 4 

tad J70 only for- foreign '■ ■ 

in. being jS lefi than were Total — 101131 2 j 

A out laft yeir, ■-■ - — 

L.XIU. I-V] Bittlii 



t7S] ANNUAL REGISTEK, 1770. 

Iffajr 7. 



; 



BIRTHS for tlic tear 1770. 

Jan. 2. Lidy of Lord Vifcoont 
•Gige, of a child dill- 
born. 
q. Lady Sofan Burgerth, (^ 
• a daughter. 

II. Lady of Lojd Vifcoirat 
Bellafyfe, oi a daugh- 
ter. 
Dean of Worcefter't Lady, 
of a ion. 
aj. Lady of Lord Vifoonnt 

Weymottth of a fon* 
29. Right Hon. Lady Hope« 
of a daughter. 
Feb. 1. DotcheG of Gordon^ of 
a Ton and heir. 
Lady of Sir Sampfon 
Gideon « Bart, of ft 
daughter. 
tl. Lady of the Hon. George 
Hobart of a daughter. 
The Lady of Sir John 
Greihain» of a daogh- 
ter. 
^4. Coantefs of Oflbry, of 
a daughter. 
Ladv of Lord Fortefcue^ 
of a daughter. 
Mar. 6. Lady of the Right Hon. 
Lord Archibald Hamil* 
ton, of a Ton. 
Lady of Sir James Lake, 
of a daughter. 
aa. Right Hon. Lady Arun- 
del, of a daughter. 
Lady of Sir William 

Wake» of a daughter^ 
Dutcheft of Grafton^ of 

a fon. 
Countefs Dowager of Dum- 
firies, of a foa. 
May 3. Princefs of Wurtembarghy 
of a Prince. 
Lady of the Right Hon. 
Lord Milbourn, of ft 
fon. 



SI. 



22. 



Lady Moanttcnaitj of i 
ion. 

Coante(a of FiBgaI»of i 
ion. 

Lady of Sir Thooui 
Chanpneya, Bart, of t 
a (on. 

Between dght and aiie 
o'clock* the Qgca 
wu l^appily ddiflenl 
of a Pnnceisj at ktf 
Majefty*t pidace» 8i. 
James't-jpark. _ 
Jane 9. Ladj 01^ Sir WiOiaa 
Maxwell, of a fim. 
Lady of Sir William 
Stapleton» of a Ion. 
Her Grace 'the Datchcb 
of Portland, of a (bo. 
Lady of Sir Thoota 
Egerton* Bart, of a 
daughter. 

Princefs Royal of Prafat 
of a Prince. 
Her R<wal Highneli the 
Princeu of Branfiricfc* 
of a Prince. 
Her Grace, the DatM 
of Manchefter* of a 
daughter. 
Counters of Dipghdip 
of a ion. 
Sept. I. Lady of Lord Crafcaf 
of a fon. 
II. Connteft df Thaaetp rf 

a ion. 
Coontefs dP Dalhoofie, el 
a ion. 
22. Coontefs of OmIc^ of t 
fon. 
Lady of Sir John TM* 

veliottf of a foo. 
Lady of the Hon. ai4 
Rer. Mr. Byraa, di 
a fon. ^ 

Lad^ of Sir .Robert Ifi* 
wKk, of ft fiin. 

Mr 



July I. 
19. 

Aug. 3. 
il. 




CHRONICLK. 



D79 



L H. lady (tf Sir J>B«t Ibbst- 

fiM, ofadiaehter. 
. 5. LMtf of Sir Henry Hun- 
lock. Ban, «f a daogh- 
Mr. 
10. Her Onwe the Doccheni 
«f Bocckngh, of A 
daoghter. 
CoanicG of AncrtiDf of 

• daggliter. 

r. t. CoBQief* of Lauderdale, 

of a dabgliicr. 
9. 1^7 of the Right 

Hod. Ix>rd Vifcount 

Powtrfcoort; of a daugh- 

Mr. 
Ladf of Sir Fitzgerald 

Aflncr, Ban. of a 

1m. 
Ladr of the Right 

Hon. Loid BlanjF, of 

• fon. 

M. Dotcbefi of Parma, of a 
fori. 
Ladjr Vifraomefi Sudlcf, 
of a daaghter. 
-3 Laidr of Sir Peter Ri- 
vera Oray. Bart, of a 
foo. 
j. Lady Germaine, of a 

17. Contefi of Daainore, 

of a foa. 
n. Her Grace the Doichcft 

of Matlborougb) of a 

fim. 
Her lU^al Highaefs the 

Princeb of Oraiige, of 

aPrincefa. 
«; Ladj of Priitce Galliizin, 

the Raffiaa Anbaffa- 

dor at the Hague, of 

afeo. 
«^ Ladf of Sir Sanpfon 

Gidcdnt Bart, of a 



MARRIAGES. 



1770. 

Jan. 9. ilaac Spooner, Brqi to 
the el deft daughter 
of Sir Henry Gough, 
Bart. 
Hon. and Rer. Mr. 
Henrjr Beaucleric, to 
Mifi Drummond. 
Feb. 15. Edwin LafcellM, Efq; to 
Lady Flemming. 
William Leilie Hamilton, 
£iq; to L>dy Ifabella 
Erikiae, fiflcr to the 
^EarlofBachan. 
Sf. Captain Fitzgerald, to 
the lifter of the Right 
Hon. ThoOiai Cdo- 
notly. 
Mar. $ Henry Lord Borthlricfc^ 
to Mifi Drommond. 
7. Sir Charlea Stile, Bart, of 
Watcringbory, Kent, 
to the Hon. Mid 
Wingfield, daughter 
to Lord Powetfconr^ 
9. Thomas Hogg, jun. of 
Ncwiifton, Efq; to 
a daughter of Lord 
LaaderdaU. 
13. At Edinbargbi Sir WiU 
liam Murray ofAuch- 
tertire, Bart, to Lady 
Augufia Mackcjiziei 
daughter of Lord Cro- 

tf. Hon. and Rev. John 
Harley, Alderman of 
Hereford, and brother 
to the Earl of Oxford t 
to Mils Vadghan of 
South Wales, with a 
fortune of 3000I. a 
^ear. 
zo. Sir Daved Dalrymple, 
Bait, to Mifi Fergufon. 
•■"1 a The 



i8o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



sa 



«3 



Mar. at. The Earl of Carlifle, to 
ttie fecond daaghter 
of Earl Gower. 

26. The Right Hon. the 
Earl ofjeri'ey, to Mifs 
Fanny Twifden. 
Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 
Bart, to Mifs Hudfon. 
April 2. David Gavin, Efq; of 
Langtown in Seotlandy 
to Lady Maitland» 
eldeft daaghter of the 
Earl of Lauderdale. 

14. The Hon. Thomas Wil- 

loughby, brother to 

Lora Middleton* to 

Mifs Chadwick. 

The Hon. Thomas Er- 

ikine, to Mifs Moore. 
The Right Hon. the 
Earl of Albemarle, to 
Mifs Miller. 
The Earl of Exeter, to 
Mifs Anna Maria 
Cheatham, of Sodor- 
hall, YorkOure. 
ik— - Churchill, Efq; to 
Lady Louifa Greville, 
yoMngefl daaghter to 
the Earl of Warwick. 
May 19. The Dauphin of France* 
to the Arch-datchefs 
Antoinetta, of Aoflria. 

SI. Charles Deering, Efq; 
to Mifs Farnaby, Af- 
ter to Sir Charles Far- 
naby. 

23 Sir Archibald Grant, 
Bart to Mrs. Millar, 
Pallmall. 

$^ Bennet Lan^on, Efq; of 
Langton in Lincoln - 
fliire, to tJic Countefs 
of Rothes. 
Jane i* Sir George Cooke, Bart, 
to Mifs Middleton, 
fitter to Sir William 
MidUcm. 



Jane 2. Col. ClemcBU, • 
Webb, only d 
to General Wei 
7. Sir John Wn 
Bart, to the Ho 
Conrtenay, one 
Maids of Honoc 
9. Alderman TrecotI 
Mifs Meredfth 
to Sir William 
dith. 

20. The Hon. and 
Dr. Shate Barr 
Lord Bilhop ol 
daff, to Ml£$ 
niece to the la 
neral Goife. 

26. Alexander Fordyo 
Banker, to Lad 

Saret Lindiay, 
aughter 10 d 
of Balcarras, 

July u. Earl Fitswilliam, 
dy Charlotte Po 
daughter to d 
of Belboroogh. 

Aog. 7» Right Hon. Lon! 
fington, to Mil 
celTes. 
30. Rev. Mr. Bowl 
Mifs Hales, £ 
Sir Tho. Pym 
Bart. 

Sept. 17. At Calais, Mon 
Prades de la ^ 
Captain in th 
mcnt tf Pieda 
garrifon at Ca 
Mifs Harriot 
cumbe, daush 
Lady FenooUu 
niece to Georg 
Edgcumbe. 
24. The Right Ho 
Earl of Bockii 
(hire, to Mift ( 
ly, daughter ol 
Aooc Connolly. 

C 




C H R O N » C L E. [i8i 

*• '- ^t^^:S;A^ -™>«l PROMOTIONS ^ 

L 13. At New-York, Sir Wil- Jan. 17. Right Hon, Charlej 

liuD Draper, Knight Yorke, Elq; to be Keeper of the 

of tbc Bath, to Miri Greu Seal, a Vtiyy Coaorellor. 

Snbniia it Lancej, and likewife Lord tvgh Chancct- 

daughter of the Right lor of Great Britain, and he ac- 

Hoa. Oliver dc Lan- cordingly took bit place at the 

cer. Board. 

16. Sir Brownlow Cuil,Bart. — 18. Right Hon. Charles 

u Mill Drury. Yorlce, Efq; Lord High Chancellor, 

Ckarlei Nelfbn Cole, the dignity of a Baron of Great 

Elq; of the Inner- Britain, with remainder u> hi» 

Temple, to MiTi Ab- heire nale, by the name, Aile, 

dy. after to Sir Antho- and title, of Lord Morden, fiarbn 

ny Abdy, Bart, of oF Morden, in the County <^ Cam- 

Albyi, Eflex. bridge. 

Right Hon. the Earl vf — 19. Duke of Somerfet, 1 
Eglingion, 10 a daugh- Privy Counfellor. 
lerof LDrdGIeocaim. — >>■ Sir Sidney Stafford 
|6. Lord Digby, to Mili Snyihe, Knight, one of the 
Polly Knowler, of Ciii- Barons of hit Majefiy's coart of 
leilMry. Exchequer, the Hon. Henry Ba- 
Nov. J. Major General John tburft, Efq; one of the Juflices of 
Scott, to Lady Mary hli Majelty't Coijrt of Common- 
Hay, eldeft daughter pica*, and Sir Richard Afton, 
to the Earl of Errol. Knijgfat, one of the Jufticei of hi* 

At Dublin, John Harail- Majefty'i Coart of King'a-bench, 

too, Efq; reprefenta- Lord* CommiOioneti for the caf> 

live in parliament for tody of the Great Seal, in iht 

the borough of Stra- roona of Lord Morden, deceafed, 

l^anc, to the Hon. —Lord Minefield, by a Com- 

Mtft Hamilton, daogh- mtffion under the Great Seal, 

ter of Lord Viicount to fupply the place of Lord Chan- 

B<7nc. cellor, or Lord Keeper, in th? 

General M'Kay. to Mifi Houfc of Peen. 

Car, with jo*oo 1. — zj. Right Hon. Sir Fletcher 

Captain Bathurft. of the Norton, Speaker of the lloufe of 

Royal Regiment of Coaitnrui. 

HorTe Guard* blue, to _ aS. Lord Korth, Grft Lor4 

Mill A(hby of Derby, Connnilfioner of the Treafury, in 

with 10,000 1. the rcom of the Duke oi Grafton, 

Thomas AcklanJ.Efq; to tefigncd. 

Lady Mary, daugh:er — 29, Earl of BriHol, Grooia 

to the Earl of Jlchcf- of the Stole, and firft Lord 

ter. of Che Ged-Chimbcr. — Peter 

[.A-] 5 Cbtlier 



i8a] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770U 



Chvfler, Efq; Captain - General 
and Governor in chief of Weft- 
Florida. 

Feb. 2. Right Hon. Wclbore 
Ellis, one of the Vice 'i'rcAfurers 
of Ireland, in the rjoin of the 
Right Hon. James Grenvillc, rc- 

iigned. 

— 6. Charles TownQiend, Efq; 
one of the Lo' ds of the Treafury. 

— 9. The Earl of Hallifax, 
Lord Privy Seal, in the room of 
the Earl of firiltol. 

— 13. Hon Thomas Robinfon» 
Efq; Vice - Chamberlain to the 
Queen, in the room of Lord V»l- 
Icrs, now Earl of Icrfey. — Right 
Hon. Sir Edward Hawke, Knight 
of the Bath, John Buller, Efq; 
the Right Hon. Henry Vifcoant 
Palmerfton, of the kingdom of 
Ireland^ Charles Spencer, Efq; 
commonly called Lord Charles 
Spencer, the Right Hon. \Vilmot 
vifcount Liiburne, of the kingdom 
of Ireland, and Francis Holburne, 
and Charles James Fox, Efqrs. 
Lords Commidioners of the Ad* 
miralty. 

—7 19. Right Hon. Thomas 
Robiiifun, Eiq; Vice Chamber- 
lain to her Majcily, a Privy Coun- 
fellor.^- James Sampfon, Conful- 
general at Tetuan.— >George Pitt, 
Eiq; AmbafTador extraordinary 
and Pltfiiipotentiary to his Catho- 
lic Majelty. — Alexander Munro, 
£fq; Conful nt Madrid. 

Mar. 9. Major Gorham, Lieu- 
tenant Governor of Placeatia, in 
the room ot Otho llamihon, Efq; 
deceafed. — - William F.iulkcner, 
E^; to be Fort -Adjutant of Fort- 
Augt'-lns, in Scotland, in the 
room of Richaid Trought, Gent, 
deccafed. 

Mar. 19. M ijor-General Cla- 
veriogt Govcrfior of Landguard- 



Fort, in the rodm of dw faw 

Lieutenant-Genend Robert Ar« 

iniger.— William Ste»art» E^i 

Lieutenant Governor of thi 

ifland of Tobago^--! frad Wilkn, 

Efq; brother to John Wilkes, 

Efq; ponfal at AleMO in Syria. 

-* Colonel James Ciuininthaaf 

Governor of the ifland of St 

John's, Newfoundland. -* Edwai^ 

Thurlow, Efq; Solicitor- Genera]« 

in the room of Mr. Dunoiag. 

r-John Nicholfon, Eiq; Solicitor 

to the Stamp office^ in the roo^ 

of Mr. Cruwyst deceaied. — Tho* 

mas Davifon, Efq; to be Collec- 

tor-general of hu Maje(ly*s cof- 

toms for the iHand of Jamaica. 

April 10. The Earl of Drog- 
heda, Mader- General of the Ord- 
nance in the kingdom of Ireland. 

~ 16. Soaroe Jenyni« Edwaid 
Elliott, John Roberts. WilBia 
Fitzhcrbert, Robert Spencer, (com- 
monly called Lord Robert Spencer} 
George Greville, (commonly cdU 
ed Lord Greville) and WiUian 
Northey, Efqrs; Commiffioom 
for Trade and Plantation^. 

— 3^. His Royal Highads 
Major General William Dnke oC 
Gloucefter, Colonel of the firft it* 
giment of foot guards, in the rooB 
of Field Marfhal John Earl Ligo- 
nier, deceafed.— Lieut. Gen. John 
Earl of Loudon, Colonel of tbo 
third regiment of foot guards, 
in the room of the Dnke ot G!oo« 
cefter.— Major General John Par* 
flbw. Colonel of the 50th regi- 
ment of foot, in the room of the 
Karl of London.-»G BNjeaAis; 
Sir John Mordaunt : the Hon. 

iames Cholmondcley : Peregrine 
.afcelles: Lord John Murray: 
John Earl of London : William 
Earl of Panmure : William Mar- 
quis of LotUan; Willaaun Earl 
« . . . . ^ 



3 




CHRONICLE. 



[i«3 



w rf a g lOB : Hugh Warbnr- place in tbe Court of ConunoD< 

LituTBHAKT-CBHiKALi: Plcu, » the ruom of Sir Edward 

m Skianer: the Hon. Ro- Clive. Kaight, refigned.— Jaftica 

MoncktOD : John Meorj Gould, in the rooiD of Jullice Ba- 

; Edward Sandford : The- tharlL— And Sir Jolcph Yatn. 



Dory, John Parker 
tmbton: the Hon. Charle* 
I: John Parllow: William 



from the court of Kii 



-And i 



r Judge ia the laid court. 



'£id 



bench. 



. . _, _ :he court of Kine'i- 

c : tbe Hon. Thonat Gage : bench, Juftice A(toa took pLce 



VifcooBt ToAnOiend : 
Frederick CaTcndifh: John 



1 tbe room of Sir Jofepb Yates. 
—Judge Willea, in the room of 
e la War : Charlei Duke of Juftice Afton. — And WiUiam 
■ond : Henry Earl of Pern- Blackftonc, Efq; Solicitor to her 
Sir John Majefly; junior Judge of the faid 
»urt, and a Knieht. 
May 7. Lord Miltown, Sir 
George Cray: Jamet William Ofhorne, Sir Archibald 
hut Oughton: Jamei Duke Acbefon, Sir Arthur Brooke, Mr. 
inller: hi> Royal Highneri lanes Fortefcue, Mr. Heory King. 
m Duke of Gloucefler. Mr. Ralph Howard, Mr. Silver 
)oa-G>KiaAL« : Mariico Oliver, and Mr, Edward Cary, 
'' : William Ear! of Glen- Privy Connfelbri of the kingdom 
of Ireland. 

— 19. The Right Htm. Catha- 
rine Counters of Egmont (fecond 
wfe of John now Earl of Egmont 
n Ireland, Buon Lovel and Hol- 
land in Great Britain, and GOer 
) Spencer Compion, now £ul of 
Norcbampion) the difinity of a 
''.aronnefi of the kingdom of Ire- 
ind, by the litle of Lady Arden, 
Baronefa Arden of Lohort Callle, 
in the county of Coike, to hold 
the faid dignity unto her the faid 
'ifcooni Dnnganrton, Hugh Countefs of Egmont, ind ihc dig- 
e Jones, Ela; Bdlingham nity of a baron of the faid king- 
Ef<)i Right Hon. John Be- dom of inland to the heirj loale 
. and Sir William Olborne, of her body l3A'fu)ly bcgoiien, by 
» be Chief Commiffionerj the title of Lord AiJen, Baron 
Revenue and E^^cife, and Arden of Lohurt C.illie, in the 
CommiQioners, and Gover- faid coonty of Corke.— -The Right 
all and every other part of Hon. William Henry Fortefcue, 
jelty's revenue! in the l:ing- Efqi and the heirs niAle of hi* 
*reland.— The Right Hon. b^-dy, the dignity of a Baron of 
the laid kingJoni, bv the litle of 
Clirniont ff C.ermont, 
: county of Lonth.— Tho- 



1 John Sev« 

bt. Bart. Henry Whiiley : 

Slavering; the Hon. George 



William Deane : Job; Tho- 
Robert Dalrymple : Home 
Aone : William Evelyn : 
Salter : Thoma* Eaile : 
d Worge : Jamei Johnllon : 
Philip Sherrard : the Hon. 
e Lane Parker : Jatnes Gif- 
Charles Earl of Drogheda: 
Taiton : Franci* Grant : 
d Bendilhe: the Hon. Alex- 
Mackay : William AuguHui 
|oha Scott- 
John Bourke r.fq: Ar. 



Efq: 

ijefty's Chamber, s Privy 
loi. — JuAifc Bathuill took 



[■vj t 



i84l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

mas Dawfon, Efq; and the hein — 24; The Right Hon. HaM 

male of his body, the dignity of StaQley» Eftj; Vice-Adminl of 

m Baron of the (aid kingdom, by the Ifle of Wieht. 

the tide of fiaron Dartrey of Aognft. Hugh Pallifer* Efq; 

Dawfon's Grove, in the county ComptrollerdF the Navy .—Gcorp 

of Monaghan.<* William Henry Mackensie» Efq; Conmaadcr la 

Dawfon, Efq; and the heirs Chief of hia Majefty't flnpi asd 

male of his body, the dignity veflels on the Jamaica 'ftacion, ia 

of a Baron of the faid kingdom, the room of Commodore Forcl 

by the title of Baron Dawfon of — ^William Frafier, Eiq; ondcr 

Dawfon Court, in the Queen's Secretary to Lord Weymouth, Gt- 

councy.-*Bemard Ward, Efq; and zette Writer, in the room of £d- 

the heirs male of his body, the ward Wefton, Efq; deceafied.^ 

dignity of a Baron of the faid The Right Hon. L. C. J. Pater- 

klngdom, by the tide of Baron fon, a Privy Counfellcr of Ireland, 

Bangor of C aft le Ward, ii> the — John M'Kenzie, Efq; of Devioc, 

county of Downe.— And Sir Pent- Deputy Keeper of his Majelly't 

fione Lamb, Bart, and the heirs Signet in Scotland, in the ram 

male of his body, the dignity of of the late Alexander M'MiUui 

a Baron of the faid kingdom, by Efq; deceafed. 

the title of Lord Melbourne, Ba- Od. 5. William Fawcet, Elq; 

ron of Kilmore, in the county of Lieutenant-Governor of Peodea- 

Cava A. — Colonel John Burgoyne, nis CalUe, in ^he roosi of 

comptroller of ChcHer, in the Richard Bowles, Efq; deceafed. 

room ' of* Edward Herbert, Efq; —Hon. John Forbes, and Fraacis 

deceafed.-^Wiliiam Bromliill, Efq; Holbourn, Efq; Adinirala of tk 

Patent Cullomer of the Ports of White. 1 

S)Outhampton ' and ' Portfmouth. Od>. 18. Sir Thomaa Fruk- 

— William Senhoufe, Efq; Sur- land, Bart, his Grace the Duke of 

veyor-general of the cuftoms in Bolton, Sir Charles Hardy, Knc. 

Barbadoes, and all the Leward Right Hon. George Earl of Nor- 

Idaitds, in the room of the Hoh. the(k. Right Hon. Sir Charles 

1'hnmas Gibbs, Efq; deceafed. Saundcr*, Knight of the BitE, 

•—Dr. Spencer Madan, a prebend y^dmirals of the Blue— Fhomu 

in the cathedral of Peterborough. " Pye, Efq; S:r Samuel Comifl)i 

June 20. William AOiuril, l^q; Bart. Francis Geary, Efq; Vice- 

a Kf.i^r.S:, and one of the judges Admirals of the Red. — Sir George 

of the court of King's-bench. Ilridges Rodney, Bart. Sir William 

July 14. Sir William Young, Hurnaby, Baronet; James Young. 

B.ti<. Governor vf ihc ifluui of IJq; Vice- Admirals of the White. 

l^.jnr.'nica. — General James CIiol- *— bir Vicrvy Brett, Knight, Sir 

niondricy, Cjjvciiior of the g:ir- John Moore, Knight of the Bath, 

t\(m cf Llivilcr, in the r^om ot Sir James DpugUs, Knt. Sir J-*hn 

titc E. of L'iiolmoi.Jcley, licceai- Benilcy, Knt. Vice- Admirals of the 

Cil — M.ijor pavi«l iloiiij, Ijeucc- Blue. — (lighc f-^on. George Lord 

iLiiit Guvcrniir of the i:iiii gar- Edgcumbe, Samuel Gravei» Elq; 

liloii, in the ;ou'n of General William Parry, Efq^-Hon. i^u- 

CoolmondeUy. gullus Keppil, Rear-Aumirals of 

th« 



CHRONICLE. [i«5 

he red.«— Jdm Amherft, Efq; his the Ifland of Giernfeyf the caftl^ 

toyal Higbnefs Heniy Ffeaerick of Cornet, and all other iflandt, 

)uke of Cumberland y Sir Peter forts and appurtenances thereunto 

>enis« Bart. Matthew fiuckle» Efq; belonging. -^Thomas Hutchinibn, 

lear-Admirali of the White. — Efq; Captain General and Cover* 

lobert li^an» Efq; Richard Spry» nor in cnief of hia Majefty's pro* 

ifq; Robert Uarland Efq; Right vince of the Maflacbufet'a Bay, ia 

Son. Richard Lord Vifc. Howe, New -England.— Andrew Oliver^ 

Lear- AdmiraJi of the Blue. Efq; Lieutenant-Governor ; and 

OGL 24. Sir George Bridget Thomas Flucker, Efq; Secretary 

[todney and Sir William Bumaby, of his Maj.efty'a faid province iC 

brts. to be Vice- Admirals of the the Maflachufet's Bay.— William 

Ited:— Sir Piercy Brett, Knt. Sir Stewart, E{q; Lieutenant-Gover- 

Elm Moore, Bart, and Knt. of the nor of his Maj^fty'a ifland of Do- 
th, Sir James Douglas and Sir minica. — William Youn|r, Efq; 
John Bently, Knts, to be Vice-Ad- Lieutenant-Governor of hu Ma- 
mirals of the White.— The Right jetty's ifland of Tobago. 
Hon.' George Lord Edgcumbe, -* 27. The Hon. and Rev. 
Samuer Graves, William Parry, Brownlow North, D. L. and one 
Bfqri. the Hon. Auguftus Keppel, of his Majefty's Chaplains in or- 
|ohn Amh^rft, Efq; and his Royal dinary, the place of Dean of tbr 
Higbnefs Henry Frederick Duke metropolitical church of Canter* 
)f Cumberland, to be Vice- Ad- bury, void by the death of Dr. 
DBirals of th^ Blue.— Sir Peter De- John Potter.— Rev. Benjamin Ken* 
Bb, 9art> Matthew Backle and nicott, D. D. the place of a Canon 
Robert Man, Efqrs. to be Rear- of the cathedral church of Chrift 
Admirals of the Red.— Richard in the nniverfity of Oxford.— Hon. 
Spry, Efq; to be Rear-Admiral pf and R^v. James Comwallis, clerk* 
the White. — And the following M. A. the place of a prebendary 
gentlemen were appoihted flag ofR- of the collegiate church of St. Peter 
pers, viz.— Robert Hughes, Efq; Weftminfler, void by the reflgna* 
to be Rear*Admiral ot the Red. tion of Dr. I^nicott.— Rev. Dr. 
«^lark Gayton, John Barker arid Lumner, Vice-chancellor of the 
Lucius O'Brien, Efqrs. to be Rear- unive^fity of Cambridge. 
Admirals of the white. — JoHn D?t. 8. Earl of Dunmore, Go- 
Montagu, Thomas Craven, a^d vernor of New York, to be Lieu- 
James Sayer, Efqrs. to be Rear- tenant and Qovemor General of 
Admirals of the Blue. — And to Virginia,' in the room of Lord 
rank as fuch with officers of the Bottetoart,deceafed.— Wm.Tryon. 
lame flag, according to their feni- Efq; Governor of North Carolina* 
)rity as Captains.— General Con- to be Governor of New York, in 
vay. Colonel of the Rdyal Regi- the room* of 0e Earl of Dunmorc. 
nent of Horfe Guards Blue, in -^And Henry Martin. Efq; Gover- 
be room of the Marquis of Grap- nor of North' Carol! na.-^Rt. Hon. 
>y, deeafed. Earl Cornwall is^ tO be Conflable 
— 25. Sir Jeffery Amherft, Knt. of the Tower of London, in tie 
ftf tbc Bath, Lieutenant General of room of John Lord Berkeley of 
lis Majefly'a forces, Govcfnor'of S'uatton, refigned. 

Dec. 19. 



1881 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

in all the wart of Qaeen Anne un* 
dci the Duke of Marlborough, and 
in every fuceeding war« wich a 
bravery and condua that defervedly 
Tatfed him to the chief pofts in hit 
frofeffioB. 

May I. Rt. Hon. Lcfd George 
lamet Montague, youn^eft Too to 
mb Grace the Duke of Manchefter. 

9. Prince Charles, the reigning 
Landgrave of Heffe PhillipAha). 
Id the 8Sch year of his at^e. 

SirV/illiam St Qi»intin ofHarp- 
^01, Yorkfliire, Bart. His title and 
cftate devolves to his Con William. 

15. Lady of Sir William Junes, 
Bart, at IpiWich. 

18. Claud. Wm. Teftu, Mar- 
^uis de Baitncourt, Aril MarOial 
•f France, Knighc of the King's 
orders. Governor of the town and 
citadel of Stralbourg, &c. in the 
91ft year of his age. 

21. Rc. Hon. Alexander, Lord 
Colville. 

Lately, Thomas Shewell, Efq; 
who his left the following cha- 
nties by will: To the charity - 
Ichool for girls at Hadley in Mid- 
dlefex, 2ol. — ^To the charity fchoci 
lor girls of the pariQi of St. Luke, 
01d-llreet» 20].— -To the incorpo* 
faced iociety in Dublin, for promo- 
ting RngliQi protellant fchools in 
Ireland 50CI.— To the Small Pox 
Hofpital in Coldbath- fie !ds, 500 1. 
-*To St. Bartholomew's Hofpital, 
15001.— To the Hofpital for Luna- 
ticks, commonly called St. Luke't 
Hofjnial, 1000 L— To Chrift's Hof- 
pital, 1000 1. 

22. Lord jamet Murray, the 
Poke of Athdl's fecond fun. 

25. At Geannies, in Rofsfliire 
by a fall from his horfe. Sir Alex. 
Mackenzie, of Gerlock, Hart. 

Lady EniliA Chicheller, young. 
eft daogktcr of the lUrl of Don* 
MgaL 



Mift Tarooar, fifier to IM 
Wincerton. , 

Lady Lambert, reliftof Sir Di- 
niel Lambert. 

27. The Qpeen Sophia Magdi- 
lena, dowager of Chrifban VI. iW 
grandmother to the prefent king of 
Denmark, at the palace of Ch-i^ 
tian(bo4irg, in the yoch year ol tcr 

age 

June 2. Hon. and Rev. Mr. 

H(>«ie, brother to Lord Ck^ 

worth . 

7. Sir Jofeph Yatei, Knt. oit 
of the honelleit Judges that tier 
filled the bench. 

Mrs. Gunning, houfekeeper of 
Some/ let -houfe, and mother to tW 
prefent Dutchtrfs of HamihoD. | 

10. Right Hon. Gei)rge Earl of 1 
Cholmondeley, Vifcount Malptii | 
He is fucceeJed by his graadlbti 1 
juil come of age. 

18. bir James Cotter, Barooet; j 
in Ireland. 

21. Right Hon. Willian Beck* 
ford, £fq; Lord Mayor of Loi* 
don. 

Francis Erneft, Connc Salsa 
RufTercheid, Bifhop <^ Toomft 
aged 75. 

Hon. Arthur Trevor, Elq; onlf 
fbn of Lord Vifcount Danganaoat 
member for Hiilfborough. 

Hon. Mifs Dormer, niece totht 
Earl of Shrewihury. 

July 3. Lady of the Right Hoa. 
Lord William Beauclerk, broikH 
to the Duke of St. Alban't. 

Sir Thomas Hankey, Kiught» 
the great Banker. 

5. Sir David CanningluB^ of 
Corfehill, Scotland. 

Lady Fefliall, mother of Sir JohA 
Pciball. 

14. Keli£t of Sir John Way;» 
Baronet. 

18. In Ireland, the Lady of 

Robert 




CHRONICLE. [189 

itewtrt, Efqt ud dughtcr . Lady Hobdoux, at WooKmu 

ul of Henford. Bedfordftirs. 

he Hon. Mr. Liddel], bro^ Hon. Mn. Elizabeth Hmn* 

.ord Ravenrworih. Campbell. 

(t. Hon. Lord Chirlu At Millbanlc, WeflminAer, tW 

Caveadilb Bendacki loa Hon. Mri. CroG, feli£t of die Ins 

ake of Poriland. Sir John Croft, Bart, 

famoas old mao of the 14. In Ireland, t)M Rt, Hun. 

Cbriflian Jacob Drakcn- Lady VifcoDnieri TownDiead ) &■ 

tely died at Aarhuua, in wai the only furviviag child at 

b year of hii age. He wai Jane*, the fifth Earl of NorthaaipH 

Straranger in Norway, in ton,ai>dBaronersFerren, ofChait- 

1624 and lived fingk till ley, in right of her modKr. Stm 

if 113 year*, when he mar- married Vilcoant TownJhend, tbs 

vidow of 60 yeari ofa^. prefentLordLienteDantof liclud, 

the latter part of bis life uiDecember, i75i,andbykiiLard. 

reaucntly rifited by perlba* ihip hai bad fevea children, five ct 

ighift rank, who wtn cu- whom are living, viz. four ibtu aad 

fee and convetfe with him. a daoghter. 

■id there ii a print of thii a6. Lady of Sir Edward Halei. 

in Eoglaod cvrioully en- Bart, of Siflerton, Canterbury. 

]o. Rt. Hon. Sir Thonaa Ro. 

6. Duke Clement of Ba- binfon, Lord Graathatn, Knt. «f 

rft cDofin and prefamptive the Bath, one 0/ the Privy Council, 

the Elefior. He ha* left and F. R. S. 

by hi* Dutcbert, filler 10 0£L t. Sir Richard Lyttlena, 

)or Palatine. Hi) income Knt. of the Bath ; at Chelfea. 

I confiderable. 4. Rt. Hon. Lady Eupheniia 

.1. Hon. Lady Bulkeley, Stnart. filler to the Earl of Uo- 

W the prefent Lord Bulke- ray, Edinburgh. 

1 lady to Col Sir Hugh Moll Noble, Geor^, Marqiris 

a, Bart, member for Beaa. of Tweedale, bart of GiKtrd, Vif- 

itBarnhill, North Walei. coont Walden and Peeblei, and 

lioma* Wallace, Bart, of Baron Yeller, in the ijtb year of 

Scotland. his age. 

aiice, the Rt. Hod. John 10. Rt. Hon. Lady Jane Nim. 

urn. mon. filler to the Earl of March, 

.obert Clarke, Baronet, of mont. 

ham, in Norfolk. 14. Lady Hankey, reliA of Kr 

LordBaroafiellew.ofDu- Jofeph Hankey, Bart, at Bath. 

:land. Hon. Mn. Rcoke, aged 70, k- 

1 a. Lady Drnmmond, filler li£t of Geo. Rooke, Efq; fonoflh* 
I late Duke of Perth. famous Admiral, and filler to Lord 
tion. William Annelley, Vifcount Dudley. 

ieravley, and BarOB An- Oft. 11. At Belvoir Cattle, to 

f CaQle-William, in the the irreparable hit of his country, 

f Do«ni, Irctaod. and the inexprcfiiblc grief of all 

init 



49ol Annual register, 1770. 



tree Englifhmefi, the mod noble 
the Marquis of Granby» eldeft ion 
to his Grace the Duke of Rutland, 
by Bridget (only dauehcer and 
heirefs to Robert Sutton» Lord Lex« 
ington) who was married to the 
Duke of Rutland »Auguft 27, 1717* 
The Marquis was born January 2, 
1720-21 » and was eleded for Gran- 
tham in three Parliaments ; and in 
thofe of 17541 1761, and 1768* for 
Cambridgcihire, and is the 24th 
in paternal defcent finoo Sir Robert 
de Manners, the patriarch of hit 
Family. 

In the Rebellion in 1745* hit 
Lordfliip raifed a regiment of foot 
for his Majefty's fervice ; and 
March 4, 1755* was promoted to 
the rank oi Major- General of his 
Majefty's forces. 

in May 1758* his Lordftiip was 
sppinced Colonel of the Royal 
Regiment of Horfe Guards, and 
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant 
Genera] on February 5, 1759* The 
25th of Auguft following, he was 
conflicuted Commander in chief of 
all his Majefty's forces, then ferving 
in Germany in his Majeily's army 
under Prince Ferdinand of Brunf- 
wick. In which command he not 
only fliared the fatigues ai.d danger 
ol the troops nnder his command, 
but when the Britilh forces were 
bnt in very indifferent quarters 
(not owing to any defeat in his 
conduA) he procured prcvifions 
and ncceflaries for the private fol- 
diets at his own expence, his table 
being at the fame time open to the 
officers. 

On September 15, 1759^ he was 
appointed Lieutenant General of 
the Ordnance ; and Prince Ferdi- 
nand being defied a Knight of the 
Garter, his Lordfliip was nomina- 
ted firft plenipotentiary for invcll- 
6 



ing bis Serene Highneft with Hk 
enngns of the order, which he pc^ 
ibroied in Odober followiiig, will 
all the fiiagniiicence that a caat 
would admit of, and cntertaiacd 
the new knight and hit retinae anil 
a fumpcnout dinner. 

Hit L<>rdfliip wai% declared a 
Privy-Coonfellor on May 2, 17601 
and refigning the oiice of Lic8» 
naht General ef the Oidnanob 
was, on May 14, 1763, OMiiiliMl 
Matter- General of that depst* 
nent. 

Oh Pebraary ai» 1764, hewii 
declared Lord Lieutenant and cvlfll 
rotulorum of Derbyfliire. 

His Lordfliip married September 

3, 1750, the Lady Frances St!f 
mour, eldeft danghter of Charki 
Duke of Somerfet by Ui iccaol 
wife, the Lady Charbtte Fitck| 
and by her, who died January %i» 
1760, he had John, Lord Rohi 
born Auguft 27, 17c i, and ditl 
June 3, 1760 ; Chailes, now Mv 
quis of Granby, born March IJi 
1754 ; Lady Frances, bom Mara 
^4' <753» ^^X Catherine, bort 
March 28, I755t and died Janairy 

4, 1757; Lord Robert, bom Pe* 
bruary6, 1758, and Lady CaiO* 
line, who died an infant. 

19. Lady Turner, mrther of the 
prefent Sir Edward Turner, Bart 

Rt. Hon. Lady Herbcn* aant 
to the Bail of Portfmcutb. 

Rt. Hon. Lady Anftrotherf at 
Baleafkic Houfe, Fifeftiire. 

Sir David Murray, Bart, at Leg- 
horn. 

23. Hon. Arthur Barry, 10 Dab- 
lin. 

The Hon. Mrs. Mary Colvil, 
fifter to the Iste Lord Colvil. 

28. Rt. Hon. David Lord OU- 
phant. 

JO. Sir Samuel Comifti, Bart, a 

brave 



CHRONICLE. 



[191 



Imvc and experienced Admiral ; 
venarkable for his fervices, as well 
in the Uce, as in former wars. 

At Poole« Sir Peter Thompfon, 
Knight. 

Nov. 6. The Rev. Sir Afliurft 
Allen, Bart. 

Marquis de Fenente^ ihinifEer 
fknipotentitry from . the King of 
Spain to the Sutes of Holland. 

Baron Monckhanfen* prime mi- 
nier to the eledtorate of Hanover. 

9. In the 77th year of his age, his 

Grace John Duke of Argyll » great 

BaAer of the houfehold in bcot- 

Lndt one of the fixteen peers of 

Scotland, general of his Majefty't 

faces, colonel of the royal regi. 

aenc of grey dragoons, governor 

•f Limerick, knighc of the thilUe, 

and one of his M«ijefty's mofl ho- 

aoorable privy conncil. in 1761 

he fncc'eded hia confin Archibald, 

third Duke of Argyll, in titles and 

eftate. By his Lady, a fifter of the 

late Sir Henry Belanden, he has 

left three ions and one daughter, 

viz. John (now Duke of Argyll,) 

narried to the Dutchefs of Hamil- 

too ; Lord Frederick, married to 

the Coontefs Dowager of Ferrers ; 

Lord William, Gov. of Nova-Sco- 

lia, married to Mifs IlTards, of 

Charies Town, S. Carolina; and 

die Right Hon. the Countefs of 

Aylefbary, Lady of Gen. Conway, 

and mother to her Grace the 

Dntchefi of Richmond. 

Right Rev. Dr. James Leflie, 
Kfliop of Limerickf Ardfcrt and 
Aghadoe. He was promoted to 
ihofe Sees in 1755* on the death 
of Dr. BarfcoQgh. 

His Excellency Lord Bottetourt, 
Lsenc. and Gov. General of Vir- 
ginia, greatly lamented by the 
whole ulony. 
iUcxander Thompbni Efq; of 



New York ; by whofc indefatigable 
pains the non -import at ion agree- 
ment was abolifbed, and commerce 
wiih the mother-country revived. 

Re. Hon. CooDtefi of Harbo« 
rough, at Bath. 

13. The Rt. Hon. Geo. Gren- 
ville, member for Bockingbam^ 
and one of his Ma jelly's molt ho- 
nourable Privy CounciL He waa 
born in 1712, and in 1749 he 
married the daughter of Sir WiU 
liam Wyndham, fiart. and (ifter tO 
the late Earl of Egremont, by 
whom he had two fons, and three 
daughters. Wlien his body was 
opened, the blood vefTels in the 
head were nearly empty; the rib 
bones on one fide rotten, and two 
on the other lide the fame. 

At Paris, the celebrated Henry « 
Francis Ledran, Surgena General 
of the French King's armies. 

23. Ihe Re. Rev. Dr. Mathiaa 
Mawlbn, Lord Biihop of Ely. His 
lordfiiip was the oldell confecrated 
bifhop in England and Ireland, be- 
ing a biihop in the year 1738, on 
the death of Dr. Harris, bifhop of 
LlandaJF, from which fee he was in 
1740 trandared to that of Chichef- 
ter on the death Dr. Hare, and 
in 17^4 promoted to Ely on the 
death of DiHiop Gooch. His lord- 
(hip has lei't to Corpus Chiifti Col- 
lege, of which he was formerly 
matier, 6000 1. for founding fchoiar- 
ihips and exhibitions ; and 3000 1. 
for rebuilding the College. 

Hon. Matter Byng, only (on of 
Rt. Hon. Lord Vilcount Torring. 
ton. 

PHs. Wilhelmina-Maria, Land- 
gravine of Hede-Hombourg, aged 

Dec. 4. At his houfe in Pall- 
mall, the Rt. Hon. John Percival, 
Eaxl of Egmont, in Ireland, May 7, 

1762, 



i9al ANNUAL REGISTERi \^^t. 



1762, kit Lordfliip was called 
to the Hbafe of Peers by the tide 
of Lofd Lo?el and Holland of £n- 
fliore, Somerfetlhirt. He is fuc- 
ceeded in title and eftate by hit 
cldeft ion the Rt. Hob. John-James 
Vifc, Perdval, Col. of a company 
in the foot guards. 

12, At her hoafe in Hill-ftreet* 
Mrs. Lerercy^ grandmother to Lord 
Tiicoant lAolyneux. 

16. Sir Tho. Frederick* Bart. 
iThe title defcendt to John Frede- 
tick of Borwood, Snrry^ and hit 
tfiate to his two daaghters. 

ay. Rt. Hon. Lady Mary Whit- 
bread, Bedwell Park. 

■The Rt Hon. Matthew Ducie 
Moreton* Loid Docie of Moreton, 
in StafibrdlhifCy and Lord Docie 
of Tortwortb^ ill Globtcfierihir^ 



who fooceedjtd hit father^ May s, 
I7jc» and wat creatied Lord Doos 
of Tortworth, with jemaiadcr ti 
failure of ififae to Thomat Rqr- 
nolds; Efq; hit nephew^ and Ui 
heirt; and in t^ie fiulore of Ui 
iflbe. to Kis brother Frucit Rcj* 
Aoldt, Eiq; April 23, 1763. Sr 
Robert Dnde^ oiie of hit Lori* 
ihip*t anceftort. wmt Lord Mayo^ 
of London in the reign of Qiariki 
the Erft, and though he lent ki; 
Majefty 8o»cool. wfaichwatMtf 
the King's being driven fron Loi« 
don, he died, however, worik 
400,0001. Hit Lordfliip u fiM- 
ceeded in his title and cftacct by kif 
filler's fon. Major Reynolds, ddcl 
fon of Francis Reynoldt, Bfi|; Ikl 
prelent member for LaMaltf ; 



A»P£M« 




£ >M ] 

APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 

Two PROTESTS of the House of Loiids. 

VetieriSf ido Die Fehrttarii, 1770. 

THE Order of tlie J}%j WM with the priaciplei of the confiitQ- 
lead for taking intoconfider- lion, and irreconctleable 10 the lanr 
■m the State of the Nition, and of the land, hat I'pread To aaiverU 
far the Loid* to bo fummoned. It an alarm, and produced To general 
■M novcd that the Houfc (hoold a dircoaccnt ihraoghoat the king- 
he pat iaioaCooimittee thereupon, dom. 

Aoranlingly, 2. Becaofe, although we do not 

The Hoofe wai adjonmed daring denj, that the determioation on the 

fleirare. and put into % Commit- right toafeatin the Houfe of Cmn- 

lR> After fome tine inoni is competent to thejurtfdic- 

The Hoofe was refumed. tion of that Houfi: alone ; )et whea 

Then it was moved to refolve, to thii it \t adJed, that whatever 

Tut the Houfe of Commoiu in they, id the exercife ot thatjorif- 

tkt cxercife of it') jadicaiure in ditlion, think fit 10 declare to be 

ttiueri of ele£tion, i* bonnd to law, ii therefore to be Co ctwGdered^ 

jadge according to the law of the becanfe there lies no appeal, we 

lind, and the known and ellablilhcd conceive ourfelvea called upon to 

liv and cuftom of Parliamcat, give that proportion the ftrongcfi 

which ii pan thereof. negative ; tor, if admttied, the law 

Which being objeflcd to — and a of the land, by which all courts of 

^Sion flated thereupon, after long judicature, without exception, are 

debate, equally bound to proceed, is at 

The previous quelHon was put. once overturned and rcfolved into 

Vhetiier the Cud quellion fhiU be the wilt and pleafore of a majority 

aow put, of one Houfc of Parliament, who. 

It WW rcfolved in the affirmative, in alTuming it, aflune a power to 

CoDicnis 96, not Contents 47. over-rute at plcafure the funda- 

Diffnaitat' , menial right oleLeUion, which the 

1. Becaufe the rcfolution was in ancieni conllitution has placed in 

Mr jadgment highly nccelTary to other hands— thofc of their confli. 

ay the tbundaiion of a proceeding tuents. And it ever this pretended 

a thi> Houfe, which might tend to power [hould come to be exercifed 

|aict tne minds of the people, by to the full extent ol the principle, 

bing them jullice at a time, when that Houfe will be no longer the 

ihe decifion of the other houle, rcprefentative of the people, but a 

itriuch appears to ua ioconfiftent leparatc body, altogathrr indcpen* 

Vol. XIII. [OJ dent 



t94l ANNUAL REGISTER, tj-joi 

<Ieiit of thenit felf-exifting, and a dty mty oome, wken frcdoB 4 
felf-ele£ted. fpetch may be criminal in dtt 

3. Becaufe* when we are told^ Hoafe^ and every aenher, «li 
that expulfion implies incapacicyy (hall have virtae enongk tm M^ 
and the proof infifted apon is, chat ftand the afnrpations oithe tianb 
the people have acquieiccd in this and aiTert the rightt of the pcP* 
principle, by not re-eledHng pe/- pie* will» for that ofencet be O* 
ions who have been expelled, we pelled by a faAioot and corral 
equally deny the pofitton as falfef majortty^ and, by that expolta 
and reject the proof oflfered, as in rendered incapable of ferving tkl| 
no way fupporting the pofition to public ; in which eafe the elefion 
which it is appli^. We are fure will find ihemfelves redaced to Al 
the doArioe is not to be foand in asiftrable alternative of givi^ ff 
any Hatute or law book, nor in the altogether their right of ekttioa,* 
journals of the Uoufe of Con- of chafing o'nly fucb at arc cacHi 
nons ; neither is it confonant with of their coontry, and will be ftSm 
any juft or known anak)gy of law. at leaft, if not a^ve^ ia fmartSI 
And as not re-eleding woirid ac the coii^icetion. 
mod but infer a foppwtioiv of the j;. Becaafe, akboogh if hu tai 
eledors approbation of the groands objeded in dM debttTf that k ii 
of the cxpolfion, and by no means unnfual and irregolar in mAi 
their acquiefcence in the conclu- Hoafe of Parliament to cxaak 
fion of an implied incapacity, fo into the judicial procoedia|t eftkf | 
were there not one inftance of a re- other, whofe decifiooa« as tniy im- 1 
eleflioQ after expulfion but Mr. not be drawn into quettoa \f If* 
Woolafton's, That alone demon- peal, are/ it is find, to be fobmkiil ' 
Urates, that neither did the confti-> to witboat examinadoa of the p» 
toenu admit, nor did the Hou(e of ciples of them eUewhcre ; we cm* 
Commons maintain incapacity to ceive the aignment goes diicAlT* 
be the cenfequence of expulfion. revive and efiabliffli the ca^hM 
Even the cafe of Mr. Walpole doArine of paifive obedienee ml 
ihews, by the firft re-ele£lion, the non-refiftance, which^ aa apeU 
feofe of the people, that expalfion 1^ the adls of any branck at ihe 
did not infer incapacity; and that fupreme power, we bold m hi 
precedent too, which it the only equally dangeroas; and tkovh il 
one of a declaration of incapacity, is generally true, that neither HMi 
produced u it was under the infiu- ought lightly and wantonly ID iamr* 
ence of party violence in the latter pc& even an opinion upon matiai 
days of Queen Anne, in ib far u it which the conftitation baa caOrtlH 
relates to the introdoAion of a can- to the jurifdiAion of the other* « 
didate having a mineritv of voces, conceive it to be no left trae. chi 
decides exprefsly againlt the pro- where, under colour of a jodkk 
ceediags of the Home of Commona proceeding, either Honie anogiiii 
in the late Middlefex eleAioo. to itfelf we powen of the whel 

4. Becaufe, as the confticution legiflature« and wmlif ilw km 
has been once already deftioyed by wbich it profeflei to i^Srsfanr* ih 
the aflumption and exercifis of the other not only mav« but ooghi 1 
very powerj which ie now daimc d, aflan ita own righti, and wfe < 

S rt 




s 



A^PfeJTbiX to the CHRONICLE. [t^ 

9^; that thii Hoofe ku the conftitotioiulriebtof tbe Com* 
> is ttmn inftaacei, par- mons, tendi to mKc & breach be- 
7 ia the ftmoai cafe of tweeo the two Hoafti of Parlia- 
aad Wbite, in which ibe firft ment. tod leadi to a ^oeral con> 
OS of the Lord* declares, fufioa. 
odther Honfe of Parltiment 
' power, by any vote or de- Dijiutint*. 
m, to create to thcmfelvei i. fiecanre, we apprehend tbltt 
w prtrilcge that ■> not war- the right) and poweri of the Peer- 
by the known Uwi and tuf- agr are nqt given for oar own par- 
' Parliament." We ought to ticolar adrantage, bui merely as ^ 
« at thti time the rarher, m conftiiDtional trdft, to be held and 
Ettce on fo important and caercifed for the benefit of the pcQ- 
~ in occafion might be in- plct and for the ^refervatlon of their 
into an approbation of laws and libertiea ; and we fboaM 
sfore, and be the means of hold ourf<:lve9 betrayers of that 
that confidence wicti the trait, nnworchy of our high rank ia 
. which it fo eflential to the the Icingdom, and of oQr feats in 
irdfiare, tbit this Hoi^e. the this Honfe, lI'wecoRfidcned any on« 
Bfygvardiansoftheir rights, legal right of the fnbjeS, lAach 
at all time* eodeavaar to Icfs the firft and moB important of 
in. all their rights, as a matter indif- 
^ccanfe; apon the whole, we ferent and foreign to the Pter* of 
the power which the Hoofe this kingdom. 
immf have affumed to them- d. Becaafp, by thii relbliition, 
of treating an incapaciiy, it is declatcd to the world, that if 
va to the law, and thereby the Houfe of COnimolis Ihouli) 
ing in effefl all the electors change the whole law of eleClion, 
»t-Sritain of their invalu- Ihould tranifer thi right* of the 
Ifhta of free eleftion. Con- freeholders to copyholder* and 
■B them by fo many folemo leafeholderg for years, or totally ex- 
i; « /Ugrau mfiirfaljni, as tiDgoifh ihofe rights by an arbitrary 
Kpagnant to every effeniial declaration ; (hoofd alter (he con- 
le of the cooftitutlon, ai the Ititution of cities and boraoght. 
flhip-moneybyKingCharles with regard to their eleSions ; 
■atoftfaefnlpendingand dlf- llioald rererfe not only all the 
i; power by King Jan ■- ' ' ■' ''■-■» 



James II. franchife* of foffrage, which the 

_ ir Apinion; people hold aoder the commoa 

■ding and difpenfing power, Uw, bnt alfo trample aron the 

" — 'V tttrcijti hy fanAions iff fo many afls of Parlia- 

■fdi^ tb€ m»' ment, made for declaring and fe- 



wfff ^uMti mmJ tttrcijti iy fanAions df fo many aft* of Parlia- 
0»/€*miimu,miBfiibt rnn- ment, made for declaring and fe- 
ndftwdmrnmiid hhtrtm af thi curing the right* of eleaion, that 
•- even in fuch a critical emergency 

a it wU moved td refolve, of the conftitution, the people ar« 
lay relblutloh of the Houfe, to despair of any relief whaifoever 
r or indircAIy impeaching from any mode of. director indi- 
neoiof the Hoofe of Com- rcA, inicrference of ihiiHouTe. 
in a natter where their jurif- j. Becaofe, bv this refolmion, 
I ia competent, final, and the Houfe not only refufes to ftand 
fiTC, woeld be a violation of by the people, in cafe they Ihould 
[O] a fuAr 



196] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 



fuflPer the moft grievoui injuries 
from their repre{entatives» but it 
abdicates its ancient and anquef- 
tioned province and duty of the 
hereditary Council to the Crown» 
tendering itfelf unable to give its 
advice in a point, in which of all 
others the King may (land in the 
greateft need of the^wifdom and 
authority of the Peers ; a point, 
fuch as the prefent^ in which num- 
bers of the confiituents have, in a 
manner agreeable to law, carried 
up their complaints to the Throne 
againftiheir reprefentatives. 

4. Bccaufe, by the faid refolu- 
tion, we do a mod material injury 
to the Houfe of Commons itfelf. 
The refolution, by the itudied lati- 
tude of the words, dinSly or indi- 
rtSly to cenfure^ puts it out of the 
power of the Lords to offer, either 
in the prefent, or in any future un- 
fortunate difference between them 
and their conllituents, even in the 



6. Becanfe» by thtt reUotio^ 
the conftitutional conirool hisiM' 
given up. which this Hode»iiiy!^ 
pears by antie^t and reccac p 
cedents, have oonfianclv diiwi 
and'exercifed ; and for tne p*y4 
of which the legiflatoit haibM 
divided into feparate biaick%j 
We are far from denyiog M ij 
reciprocity of contnml in die 
Houfe, even in matters witlnii 
feparate and final jnrifdiffiHJ 
neither arrogating to ouriehOif 
acknowledging m otherii r 
power diRindk from, or aboNi 
law of the land, fiut ma tfMfi 
hold^ 'without the mtmojt pom 
indignation, this Houfi md^\ 
*votuntary /urrendgr of iti 
undoubted t legal, ntcejjiarj, W^ 
cred rights ; not only omit 
refudng to examine pi 
not previoufly defiring a 
with the other Houfe, to 
whether they were inclined H 
mit in this Hcufe a corn 
immunity from interpofitki 



way of friendly conference, our ami- 
cable and healing mediation ; the 

want of which may be a means of their part, in matters withii 
letting fuch difference run to ex- particular jurifdiAioo of tlw ~ 
tremities, fatal to the Houfe of Thefe proceedings are as 
Commons itfelf, to the conltituiion, tory from the dignity of the 
and to the nation. 

;. Becaufc, we confider ourfclves 



al(o, as an Houfe of Parliament, to 
be moft materially interefted, that 
the people (hould be legally and 
conftitutionally reprefcntcd ; for as 
the Houfe of Commons makes an 
eflential part of Parliament, if that 
Houfe (hould come to be chofen 
in a manner not agreeable to the 
laws and conflitution of the king- 
dom, the authority of Parliament matically carried on for h 
itfelf muft fuffer extremely, if not the conjlitutional piweri ff . 
totally/ periih ; the Peers can no kingdom, rendering the ^^A 
more, in their legiilative capacity. Commons odious^ and thi BifA 
do any valid aft, ivitbout a Ugal Peers contemptible* k 

Houfe of Commons, than without a 7. fiecauie, tfaie itspropri^* 

Jegal Prince upon the Throne. this refolution was tok^l M 

• grtfH 



as they are contrary to iudaiyi 
its intcreft. They cannot »/ 
lowering this Houfe in the 
of mankind, who will not 
that the Peers can have any 
tion to the welfare of the 
^when they banie fl^emun fiUitk^ 
to their o^wn honour. This 
mud tend to forward lAif, 
which, with jgreat uneafitcft 
have feen, for a long tinei/ 




.PPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [197 

by tbe fadden and for- tutigK btu armtJ hi far tbt gt»d *f lt» 
meibod by whicb it w«i iiiba/i,ia arJtr it ebtain full rilief 
aXO, and carried ihrongh far ibt iKJurid lUHtrt »f GrtM- 
e. That a rcTolotion new Britaia, a^d full ftinritj, far ibt 
, wide ia extent, weighty fuiiat, ageinp this mtji diugtraut 
IBce, iavolved in law and ajurfalhn ufan tht ngbli »f tht 
iiary precedent*, fbould pttfUi •uibi.b, ^ J*ppi»g tht f am' 
I al midnight, after the damtatal principUi if tkii gaivtrw 
I fpent with the fatigue of mint, iLriaiiui i, 
debate; ihat an adjouro- £. Temple 
inly two ddjri, to enable L. Audle/i 
I to confu',1 the Journals L. Craven 
D|)ortant point, Ihoulil be L. Cimdcn, 
ind that an immeJiate D. Portland, 

D, Richmond 

E. Radnor, 
E. Thanet, 
1.. LyiteliODt 
E. Suffolk, 
E. Aylestbrd, 
E. Fitzwitliam, 



Auld be pielTed, 

t which flrongly marlc 

n of. the moveri upoo the 
thfir own propofition, 

roceeding appcari to oi 
unparli^meaEir/ and um- 
mull, in every i.-ilbnce 

4 pradifcd, preclude all 



L. In 



tuial di£iUutn 
L. Fortcfcne. 

D. Bolton. 
L. Wycombe, E. 

ofShelbiirae* 

\J. Mancbeller, 
L. Cbedworih, 
L. PoDfbnby. £. 
of Bclborougb, 
£. Chatham. 
U, Hyde. 
L. Monfon, 

E. Albemarle, 



of debate; and when, by M. Koclcinghain, I^- Scarboroughj 

I. all argument and fair b. BL'tkeley, E. Huoiingdon, 

i» fupprcffcd, ihe delibc- E. Coveniry, 

(liit Houle will degcoc- E. Stanifixd, 

lent rotei. B. Bangor, 

dIc aurlielvei. therefore, fi. Exeter, 

and ai EngliOimcn and V. Torrington, 

(oamei at dear to ni u E. TankerviUe 

•rharibever) indifpeiirably £. Effingbam, 
ptDieft agaioft a relblu' 
i fubveriive of the autbo- 
digniiy of this Hoofe, 
junoui to the coIIeAii 



L. Abergavenny, 
L. Boyle, £. of 

Corke, 
£. Buckingham - 

lliire, 
L. Milton, 
D. North amber- 
L. Arch'er. laitd. 

c Dukes, 18 £ixl), — 41 

N. B. The fame Lord) ligncd 

I'O ProinAi with me exccptkoa 



»ecnraavtce upon every 
tcrgcncy i a relolution, 
xulUtatiotul ; in prece- 
ily unautboriicd. but cca- 
in tendency 



of the t-aiU ol Suffulk and Btitking- 
hamlhiie, wbo tinned i^af ibc tai it. 



'~I~*HE order of the day being 



__ i lor the Lord* to b« 

n^ fufnmoiicd, 
cstiiiont. And Tnc Earl of Chatham prrfenwd 
ciaa/r dtc'ari, eiU pli^gt to rcc Lo-ie a bill, iniiiuicfl, 
tot P-.hUi. itj:_ ;...- -J.,.! •■ A £.11 1^1 r^verlir.g the Adjj. 
■ a.ui.iKg titrj'ti'vtt, ai dicatiuni M inc Il:,;;lc cl C'<mititri.>, 
Uu, tf ivtTj rigai , mad wbcreoy Juiin U'nkct, t:i]: bat 
c, ii-ubvibab ttt tiiipt- been ad:«]gcj ioctp-^lilc ot being 
[01 3 e;c.:e4 



198] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

eledled t member to ferve in this the coantr of Middlefac U t foU 

prefent parliament, and the free- eleQion:- 

holdera of the county of Middlefex And whereat the iSud Jbh^ 

hsve been deprived of one of their Wilkes, Efq; hairing bcea a|am 

legal reprefeotatives.'' duly eleded and returned a ka^ht 

Whereas the capacity of being of the (hire to ferve io lU* pitfeat 

eleded a reprefenutive of the parliament lor the coimcy of Mid* 

commons in psM'liament it (under dlefex^ the (aid Hoiiie of Qammm 

known limiutions of law) an ori-« did, on the 17th of March, i^i 

ginal inherent right of the fnbjed ; refolve in the words iollowi^i 

and fbrafmtich at to deprive the ^* That the cledion and retwa fli 

fabjed of this high franchife bifth- John WiUtet, BJo; who hath beet 

right, other wife than by a jodg* by thit Hoafe adjqdgcd iiacapaUi 

xnent according to the law of the of being eleded a member 10 ftrvi 

land, and the conftant eftabliihed in this prefenc parliament, aie mI| 

ufage of parliament conformable and Toid :" * 

thereto, and part thereof, it diredly And whereat the faid Jehl 

contrary to the fundamental laws Wilket, Efq; haviag been a|iil 

and freedom of this realm, and in duly eleded and returned a knnk 

particular to the ad, ''^Declaring of the (hire to ferve in thit Mcmt 

the Righty and Liberties of the parliament for the connty ot Mid^ 

Subjed, and fettling the Succeffion dlefex aforefaid, and having oa the 

of the Crown, at the ever-memo- priginal poll l^kt, eleven hindicd 

rable Period of the Revolution ; and forty- three votes in hb ftf0V( 

when free eledion of members of againft two hundred and ainety4bi« 

parliament was expre(s]y vindica- in favour of Henry Lawci Lnidlt 

ted and fecnred : Efq; the Houfe oif ConnMnt dii| 

And whereas John Wilket, Efq; on the 15'th of Ajprila l769,nrilk 

having been duly eleded and re- out a hearing of partict, aad i^ 

turned a knight of the (hire to manifeft violation of the iadafaitt* 

ferve in this prefent parliament for ble right of the freelK^en of the 

the county of Middlefex, was, on county of Middlefex fiochnfe ddf 

the J 7ih of February, 1769, with- own reprefentatiyes in parliaaNKf 

out being heard, adjudged inca- refolve as follows : 

pable of being eleded a member, *' That Henry Lawea LnttidU 

to ferve in this prefent parliament, Efq; ought to have been r e tu raed a 
by a refolution of the Houfe of knight of the (hire to ferve in thi| 

Commons, as follows : prelent parliament for the conaty 

'< Reiblved, That John Wilkes, of Middlefex, and thcmpoa or- 
Efq; having been in this feilion of dcred the fatd return to be aaieadc4 

parliament expelled this Houl'e, was accordingly :" 

and is incapable of being eleded a And whereat, by another nM u 

m^ber to {tis^ in this prefent tion of the 8th of May, 1769, the 

parliament.*' faid H. of C. did, upon bearing ihf 

Apd whereat on the fame day the matter of the petition oiptbe nce- 

faid Roufe of Commons farther re- holders of the county of MiddMfex, 

folved'tR follows: " That the late as far as the fame related to the 

Eledion of a knight of the (hire to eledion of Henry I^awei Lnttrell, 

ferve iu this prefent parliament for Efq; farther reiblve at Allows : 

" That 




PPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. ['9* 

EScmy Lt»n Luttrell, je&ma of the fime, to the intent 

eltfied ■ kotgin of the that it may be delivered down t« 

v> ia ihii pi«fcnt pw- pofterity. that thit great conltiiD* 

the coaiil7 of MiddJe< liooal and tStHaz] metbod of re. 
nedying an Bnusmpled gneniiM 

ifiBBcli u all iIm refo- bath not been left ooattrmpied by 

-daid, caning off dM as; and that, to our own timet, 

kit indubitable lurth- we nay fiud u neo determineit 

vote of one hoofe of le perfevcre id reaewing, on every 

cmrcifing difcretioa- occafion, oar ataiofi endeavours to 

lad legiflative antbori- obtain that redref), li>r the violated 

ilour (rf a jarifilJaioB ri^hu of the fubjed, and for lh» 

, are moft artiitnry, il- injored cledori of Great Brittla, 

ugctoot : which, in the ptefent momeat, an 

efer* declared and en- over-raling fatality bath prevented 

King*! Bwft excellent from talcing tSe& ) thereby refnfing 

tad with the advice And reparation and cottfort to uj)p> 

he Lords fpiritiul and preflcd and aAi&ed people 

nd Caanoos, in tbia Cbab^. PcrtUnJ. PIrmmb.Mtei. 



■ment a£embled, 
of tbe (arae. That all 
tiont contained in the 
med feveral refolntiont 
' and illegal, and che 
d dull be hereby re- 
lied, and made void, 
: and parpoGu whulb* 

Erft reading of the laid 
moved) That the faid 

the fecond time on ' 
tt. Which being ol^ 
icr a long debate, tho 
■■ ppt tkerenpon. It 
in the negauvc by 89 

vai moved. That the 
ejefled. The i]ael)ioa 
iopon, and il wai re- 
tfirnative. 



«rr, Simmhft, Ftnfinhj, Sajfili, 
Riebmmd, Jt^thtr, Jrebtr, Fiik- 
WiiJiem, TimpU, Trrrimgltm, R*i- 
tmmd, Jtbn Bmmgtr, iry<imh, fir- 
tiftm, HumUngJam, T^Mitrvilb, 
^birgmvtwij. King, Ftrnrt, Ljt- 
ititBM, BtlitH, CamJM, Ctvntrj, 
Buciimgham/birt, Scarbtrtugb, 



To tlu King*! moR ExccllcBt 
Majefty. 

Tbt bimili A/dri/i, Rtmmiflrmft, 
ani Pailkn »f ibi Lard Mtycr, 
JlJimun, and t-itify »/ ibi City 

ihd. 



(Prtftmit St. yam>\ •> md. 
we/day, ibi I4tb */M«rcb, 1770J 

May it picafe your Majcfly, 



e fmndatioBi of this 
fally laid in the rea- 
d in two proieftt en- 
he Journal) of this 

id day of Febuary , 

ink it indifpenfably fentcd to your Majelly the chief 
pnteft asainll the r«- injurict we bavc fgftwied i we are 
' ^ [0] ^ oowillinj 



" "tlTB have already in our pe- 
VV tition, doufully repre* 



ft<>o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

Hmwilling to believe, that your it is nonlly demoBirahle tkl 
Mbjc^Y can flight the defires of xneii ceafe to be repreintttiicii 
your people, or be regardlefs of That time is now arrived. Ik 
their affedUon, and deaf to their prefent Hoafe of Commons do pM 

complaiots. Yet their complaints reprefenc the people, 
remain ananfwered» their injuries «« We owe to your Majeiy a 

are confirmed ; and the only judge obedience^ under the reftrkKon of 

removeable at the pleafure of the the Laws, for the calling and di- 

Crown, has been dirmifled from ration of parliaments. And yov 

his high oifice* for defending in Majeily owes to us, that oar it* 

parliament the laws and the con« prefenutioo, free from ihcibrccof 

flitution. arms or corraption, fiionld be pif- 

" We therefore venture once ferved to us in Parliament. It n 

more to addrefs ourfelves to your for this we fuccefifally §tnfgki 

Majefty, as to the father of your under James the Second ; for thia 

people ; as to him Who muft be we feated, and have faithfully ftp- 

both able and willing to redrefs ported your Majefty's family on tit 

onr grievances ; and we repeat our throne. The people have bra 

^plication with the greater pro- invariably uniform in their objcA* 

priety, becaufe we fee the inftni- though the different mode of attack 

ments of our wrongs^ who have has called for a different defence, 
carried into execution the meaiures " Under James the Second tkf 

of which we complaiup more par- complained, that the fitting « 

ticularly dillinguiflied by your Ma. Parliament was iotermpted. b^ 

jefty's royal bouncy and favour. caufe it was not corruptly ^fer- 

'* Under the fame fecret and vient to his defigns : We complsia 

malign influence, which, through now, that the fitting of this Parlis- 

each fucceflive adminiflration, has ment is not interrupted, bccanie 

defeated every good> and fuggefled it is corruptly fubfervient to the 

every bad intention, the majority defigns of your Majcily*s miniftuit 

of the Houfe of Commons have Had the parliament under Janei 

deprived your people of their the Second been as {nbm*flivc to 

deareft rights. his commands, as the Parliamnt 

*' Thty have done a deed more is at this day to the dilates of a 

ruinous in i:s conCequences than miniiler. in Head of clamours for 

the levying of fliip-moncy by its meeting, the nation would have 

Charles the Firfl, or the diJpenf- rung, as now, with outcries for iu 

ing power aflumed by James the diflblution. 

Second. A deed, which muft vi- ** The forms of the conflitntioat 
tiate all the future proceedings of like thoie of religion, were not 
this parliament; for the aAs of eU.ibii(hcd for the lorm's fake ; but 
the Legiflature itfelf can no more for the fubflance. And we call God 
be valid without a legal Houfe of and Men to wicncfs, that as we do 
Commons, than without a legal not owe our Liberty to tbote nice 
prince upon the throne. and fubtle Jillini^iions which Pla- 
" Reprefentatives of the people ces, Penfions, and lucrative em- 
are eflential to the making of ploy ments have invented ; fo nei« 
laivs ; and there is a time« when ther will we be deprived of it by 

them I 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE, [lot 

Mt u it was giined by tbe the traft repofed ia ncj u to «Mil 
rne of oar anccBori, b^ «vcn the appeirance of invaduy 
tue of their ddceDdaiiU U any "f ^^^^ powcra which the eoo- 
prefenred. fliiution hai pltced in other handt. 

ncc therefore the mifdeed* It i* only by perieveriae in fgch a 
Majefty't miaillen io vio- conduft, that [ can either dirchar^ 
he frecdoin of elc&ioa, and my owd duty, or Iccore to in|r 
ng the Dobte conftituiioQ of fabjcQi the tree enjoyment of thole 
leaii, are notoHoui. a* well right) which my family were called 
'crfive of the fundamental to detend : and while I aA upOB 
id libertiet of thit realm; ihefe piinciplet, 1 Jhall have a 

right to expe&. and I am coai. 

deat 1 Ibill conunue to receive^ 

the Heady aad affeOioaatc fupport 

of my people. 



: your Majelly. both 
and juliice, ii obliged in- 
' to prcrerve them, accord- 
the oath made to God and 
bje&t at yoar coronation : 
w Majetty'* remonllrantt, 
orrelves, that yoar Majclly 
ftore the coDlLitational go- 
it and quiei of yoar people, 



To the King'i moi BuelleU 
M^elty. 



■vine ihii Parlianeot, anil ^^' *""*'' ■'■''''t'*. S*mc»/h. 

P ^ '. ■ ■., ^ MmJ P..liti„m mr akm I ^J Xf 



ig thofe evil mtaillera Ibr 
m your coaocili. 

Signed by order. 
aei Uodgcir Toiva Cleik." 



and Petit ion, if tht Lord Majbr, 
MdtrMta, and CamtKam-tauniii 4^ 
tbt City tf Lattdaw. 

(Prt/Mtdaa Wtd^Jdm;. M^ sjdj 



!tb JJJn/i. Stimnftm 
?ilili*K, ill Majlfiy * 
t i» rtlitrn lit ftllfuiiMg 

]u1I aluayi be ready t 



Miy it plcafe your MajrAy, 
\JL7 HEN yoor Majefiy'i moft 
*•' fiithful fubjeAi. the cid- 
aeni ot London, whole loyalty 
and afficdion have been lb ot'tea 
and lo effeSoally proved and ex- 
e reqiiefti. and to liflen to perienced by the illullrioua houfe 
plainu of my fubjedi : bat of Brunfwic^ are Lbounng un- 
me great cnnccrn to find dei :he weight of that difplcalure 
of them fhuuld have been lo v<riii<:h yoar Majefty hai been ad- 
d, a* toulFer mi-an Addrcft viled to lay upon iherri, in ihe 
iionSrancL', the conteuli of anr^er given I'rom the thiOne to 
cannot but contider ai dif- their late humble application, we 
I to me, injunout to my fi-'cl ourfelvci conflrained with all 
!nt, and irrcconcileable to humility to approach the Royal 
:iplei of the conlhiuiion. l-'iilticr ol hii people, 

■are ever made the law of Cuofciaui, Site, of the pureft 
the rale of my conduct, fcniinienti of veneration which 
g it ray chief glorv to they cnteitain for your MajiHy'i 
■er a free people. With perion, we are deeply concerned 
I 1 have always been care- that nhat the law allow*, and the 
veil to execute faithfull/ conlliluiion tcachci, haih been 

mIfcoB- 



aoa] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

vifconftmed by Miniftcrf , iaftru* and nuiliimg to r«A^ tUr gritm' 

nents of tbtt influence which fliakes amcu, caiiB^ bot bi coowicfffi 

the realnii into difreiped to your by your Majefty, « aidilrcfpeMI 

|4ijefty. to yourfclfy iajbrioot to vow Par* 

Perplexed and aibnifhed as wn liamcnt, and irreceiidleaole to tk 

are, by the tLwMJintei§et of etff/mrg principlet of tbt coaiKtotioQ." 

lately paft opoo this city in your Yonr Majelly caaiMK AftpmoiCi 

Majefty 'a aniwer from the throne; that «m hire aflerc tba dfMdt 

we cannot, withoot forreDdering principles of the coiiftiiicin» 

all that is dear to Engliftmen, agaiaft the infidioaa actempu «f 

lorbear moft humbly to fupplicate, evil cottnfellors co pirfitK^ em^ 

that your Majefly will deign to founds and Jbmh tbeoi. Wc ait 

grant a more favourable interpre- determined to abide by tkofe rigfcn 

tation to this dutiful, though per* and liberties, which oor Ihifffc- 

frjering cleum oi ovlt invaM iirtb* thers bravely Tindiaued, ac lil 



rights ; nothing doubting chat the ever- memorable Revoiotion, aal 

benignity of your Majefty's nature which ch<ir>8«i wrV/ ever reiblaidy 

will* to our anfpcakable comfi^rc, delend. We thereibre sow renc«i 

at length break through all the at the foot of the throne, oar daifl 

iccret and viijble msuhinatiQur to to the indij^mfihle right of ihe fib* 

which the city of London owes its jcA, ■* ■ a/W/, free^ and ■■— tf 

late fnere rtfulje ; and that your Uted Parliament, Ugedly eh^ m 

kingly julHcc, and fatherly ten- all its memhen ;-*-■ a right which 

dernefs, will difclaim the malig- this houfe of Parliament haft 

nant and pernicious ad'vice which manifeftly violated, depriving tt 

iuggeAed the anlwer we deplore : their w/V/ and fleafuret the cooaty 

rnn adwce ef the weft dangerous ten^ of Middlefex of one of its legal 

^ney ; inafmuch as thereby the reprefentatives, and etrhitreirify m- 

cxercife of the cleared rights of minati/tg, as a Knight of the flttit, 

the fubjeA, namely, to petition a jperfon not eleded by a minority 

the King for redrefs of grievances, of the freeholders. As the only 

to complain of the violation of the conftitutional means of rcparatioa 

freedom of elcAion, and to pray now left for the injured elcAort of 

ibr a diflblution of Parliament, to Great Britain, we implore* widi 

point out mal- practices in admi- mod urgent fupplicataona* the dif^ 

nillration, and to urge the remo- /olution of this prefent parliameMi 

val of evil minifters, hath, under the removal of evil MiniAers, aad 

the generality of one eomfemdivus the total extinclioo of that fatal 

nuofd, been indil'criminarely check- influence, which has canfed fach 

ed wiih reprimand ; and your Ma- aactonal difcontent. 
jr fly's afflided citizens of London In the mean time* Sii«» wo 

have heard, from the throne itfc]f» oftcr our conflant prayers to Hea- 

that the eomtents of tKcir humble ven, that your MajeAy aaay reigB« 

Adirels, Reo:onfl.ance, and Peci- as Kings only can reign, im and 

tion, laying their eomflaimts and hj the hearts of a loyala datifa|» 

injuries at the feet of their Sbte- and /rrir people, 
rci^o* 9s/aihtT of his feofle, uhl$ 

ft* 




APPENDIX to Ae CHRONICLE, [joj 

I Uajbstv's Axwbr. " W« do, therefore, ivith tht 

IhouU have been wantiag gmuft hamility and rabBiCon* 
e pablic ai welt xa to my- mofi ccraelUy fupplicate vmt Ut- 
■r { had DM exprefled my jeRy, thai yon will ^ ATnifi Mf 
it&ffioa It the lite ad- from your prfieace trithout exprtCr 
fing a more favoorabte opinion of 
J fcfttiaeiiti on tiiai fabjeA your faithful dtiMns, and wjtboat 
aat tbe fame: and 1 lliould feme comfort, without feme pnfl 
lerve to ba conlidcrcd ai the peA. at leaft, of redrcfs. 
r of my peopki if 1 could " Pcnnit me. Sire, further t* 
' myfetf to be prevailed up- obfeivct tKit whoever hat alreadf 
B make fuch an ufe of my dared, or fhall hereafter eodet- 
igative, at I ^uot but vour by falfe infiDoaiiom and fug* 
E incoofiRcDt with the ioic- gcftiooi, lo alienate yoiir Majefty'a 
and daageroiu to the con- aScAiont from yow loyal fabjeot 
joa of the kingdom.' in general, and from lIm city of 

London in particular, and to with' 
r kit Majely bad been draw yoar confidence to xnd r- 
gard for yonr people, it smtrntrnj 
« jnr MAJijt,: p,rfim mMdfmmit,^ 
« tiitlaitr a/ ibt puttie f tact, m»d M 
bitrayer nf tm- i»p^ emjliiiaiii tu 
il luai tfiailiJbtJ at tkt gUriiu mad 

ntciffary RmtlMiM." 

i be Lord Mmyot waited near a 
minnte Jot x Kpiy* bnt nooe VM 



, tbe Lord Mayor reqnei 
n reply, which being graot- 
I Lordfliip addreflecT £d in 



sradoo* Sovereign, 

Er -- ■ - ■ 



ILL yonr Maje&y be pleaT- 
ed fe far to condefcend, as 
nit the Mayor of your loyal 
Ixmdon to declare in your 
pKfence, on behalf of hit 
atixeoa, bow mnch the bare 
enfion of your Majelly'i 
(ore would, at all timet, 
heir mindi i the declaration 
: difpleafnre hat already fil- 
» with inexprcflible anici- 
)d with tbe decpeft alfiic- 



r« lit Right N»imn-aUt tbt Ltrdi 
Ccmmjumirt tf tht JJmrahj. 



London, OO. a&. 
My Lord), 

I Am under tbe neceffity of re- 
prefeniing to your Lordfhipt* 
thai a meaCure, very injurious to 
the inhabitants of thij city, at well 
ennit ap. Sire, to afliire as derogatory of the authority of 
Uajeflv, that Toor Majelly in laws, aod of iti MagiAracy, 
I in all your domiaiout any haih litely been taken, nndcr the 
I more laithful, more duii- fanAioa of your Lordfhip'i aaibo- 
more affeflionaie to your ricy— I mean, that pF granting to 
f'% peribn and family, or citizens, curying on the feveral 
rc*dy CO lacri&ce their live) branchci of bulinels, proteitiom 
vtuc* in the maintenance from the Admiralty, for the men 
troc bonour jfod dignity of employed by them, provided they 
r..wB. arc not feaipen; to obtain whicb 

pro[c£Uo^>> 



204] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



pfote£lion9» the citizens are at the 
trouble of reforting to tlie Admi- 
raliy-Office, at much lots of time, 
and are beiides oblieed to pay a 
guinea for each protection. 

1 am fure that no fuch idea can 
be entertained by yoar Lord (hips, 
as that any proted^ion, be fides that 
of the laws, is neceifary to fecure 
perfons employed in the manufac- 
tures and commerce of this city. 
1 beg leave, thereiore, to fubmit 
to your Lordfhips, that this mode 
of pr^tcdlion be defifted from ; and 
whether it m^y not tend to the 
more qu'ct and cfFedtual carrying 
<7n the public fervice, i( the naval 
officers, employed to i.npreis men, 
be enjoined by 'your Lordfhips to 
pay due regard to certificates, at- 
telled by the Magiftraces of the ci- 
ty, in favour of perlons (not fea- 
snenl employed by the inhabitants 
in their refpedive buftnefs, and 
defcfibcd in the manner required 
by your Lordiliips* proteQions. I 
have the honour to be, with great 
refpe6l, 

Mv Lords, 
Your Lor. (Iiips mod obedient 
humble lervant. 
Barlow Trecothick, 
Mayor. 

To the Right Honour ahU the Lord- 
Mayor of the City of London, 

Admiralty-Office, O^. 26. 

WE have received your Lord- 
flitp's letter of this day's 
date, reprcl'enting, that a meafure, 
very injurious to the inhabitants 
of this city, as well as derogatory 
of the au'.horiiv of its laws, and 
of its Magillrncv, hath lately been 
mken undrr the fandlion of our 
uuihority, *ui%. That of granting 
to ciiizeasj carrying on the fever^i 



branches of bufiocfs, proteffioM 
from this office, for the perfoas 
employed by them, and iobmil* 
tiog, whether this uiode of protec- 
tion may not be defiiied from, aid 
whether it may not tend to the 
more quiet and efledoal canjiag 
on the public fervice, if the naval 
officers employed therein, be en- 
joined by us to pay doe regard to 
certificates attefved by the Magi- 
ilratcs of the city, in frtom of 
perlons (not feamen) emplojred by 
the inhabitanu, and defcribed ia 
the manner required by onr pre- 
tedions. 

We are to acquaint year Lord* 
Ihip, that application being made 
to us for pro.te6tions for pertboi 
under the defcription above-men* 
tioned, they were at firft refaled, 
and thofe who folicited them told, 
they were unneceflary. the officas 
employed on the fervice of raifiDg 
men being retrained from inprei- 
iing landmen ; but feveral perftm 
in great branches of-buhnels re- 
peating their felicitations, and af* 
ferting that their men, from tbe 
apprehenfions of being imprcflcd, 
could not be prevailed opoo to 
follow their work, we did there* 
fore, in order to remove tuch 
apprehenfion?, which, however, 
ground lefs, might prove prejudi- 
cial to them in their bufincfs, at 
length comply with their requeft; 
but, in regard to your Lordihip's 
reprefentation, we (hall for the fu- 
ture dctilt from granting any foch 
prottflions. 

V\'e are further to obfenre to 
your Lordfliip, chat the warrants 
iducd by us to the officers employ- 
ed in procuring men for his Ma- 
jelly '» Heet, do not authorize then 
to impreis any but feamen, fea- 
faring-mcn, and perfoas whofe oc-> 

cupatioaa 




IPPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. loj 

i uti callingi arc to work for bii moll facred perAw and go- 

I aod boati DDon rivers ; vemment : and Sir Edward being 

: tbe inftniAioni accom- prevented by illneft from alund- 

tbofe warraati exprefily m^ the King therewith, he iranf. 

tbcm rrom impreCing mitced a copy of it to Lord Wejr- 

•dman : and we afliire mouth, one of the principal Secre- 

rdOiip, that in cafe any taries of State, for bia Mijelly'a 

all prtfaine to exceed the ittfnrmation : and hii LordOiip 

rramcd him by fuch war- hiving thii day acquainted u, 

r difobey the orderi con- that he took the earlieft opporta- 

< him by fuch inltrnflions, oily of laying the faid relolgtion be- 
fore the King, and that hii Majefty 
- t pleafed to exprefs great fatii- 



be exemplarity punilhed, 
partie* injarcd liav< 
redrcTi. Under thefe cir- 
:et( therefore, it fermt 
for as to give fuch 



fadion apon receiving tbi* mark 
if seal and affedion forhiiperlba 



and government ; we lignify the 

MTticalar inftruSions with fame to yonr LordQiip ; tad ut, 

to the certificates vour my Lord, 

/ropofet ; and indeed we Your Lordfliip'a 

fuch certificate), wontd Moft hamble fervam*, 
nature be a mode of pro- 

'hich we are not aotboriz- Rt. Hon. Brafs J. Buller, 

'e any fanaioo to. Crofby, Efq; Palhekstoni, 

re, my Lord, your Lord- Lord Mayor C. Spehcek, 

'' ' cf London. Lisburnii, 

F. HoLKURKt. 



oQ humble fervanti, 

E. Hawee, 

py.) C. SpENce 

C. J. POK. 



tit Ltller tranfmittii jtfttr- 
■ tbi lerJi tf ihi AJmirahj 
Kigtl HsK. tbt Lard MaytT. 

ilty-Office, 10 Nov. 1770. 

E city remembrancer hav- 
ig attended Sir Edward 

with a copy of the rdo- 
'f a common -council, held 
I inll. at GuildhaJt, cITcr- 
lODty for the encouraging 
to enter into his Majclty'a 
ce( and fignilicd the re* 

the laid Court, that Sir 

Hawtcc ivould, at a prober 
•ity, lay the lame before 
efty. as an humble telli- 
r their seal and atfedion 



To the King's Moft Excellent 
Majelly. 

Tht bumhU Addnfi, RtmnfiroHtt, 
and Petilkn ef tbt Ltrd-Meytr. 
AUtrmtK, end CenunBnt af iht 
City tf LmdtH, ia Ccmmar-Ctitm- 
til afftmbUd. 

WE the Lord-Mayor. Al- 
dermen, and Commons of 
the city of London, in common - 
council aflcmbled, moft humbly 
beg leave to approach your Ma. 
Ji-liy, and moll (ioiifully to lay 
a^nin at (he foot of the throne cur 
,-i[;gravated grievances, and earned 
lupptications : although, tliroogli 
prci'olcncc of etii c'lunlclloo, our 



ao6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

juft complaints have hitherto met yonr people takea in a bciT ptrEJ- 

with repulfe and reprimand, never- ment. 

theleft we will not forego the la'ft * By fach an ewtnwm alone of 

confolation of the anluppy, hope, yonr own royal jvilSom Cod virtue; 

that our fufferings will at length the varioos wodods^ of tfie ooafttia^ 

find an end, from the innate good- tion can be effcdually beaded ; andp 

iiefs of yonr Majefty ; the gracious 1^ reprefentativctf freely chbin# 

efe£U of which have» to oar an- and ading independcotly. Oh <■- 

fpeakable ^rief» been intercepted luury awe of piarliameiit tynaot 

from your injared people, by a fa- fail to fecure to us that facM fad* 

tal confpiracy of malevolent inflv- wark of Englilb liberty^ tbe trial 

cnce around the tbrone. by jury, againft tbe davgtnMi 

' We, therefore, again implore deiigns of tbofe who have daicj 

jaar Majefty in this fid crifii, with openly to attefnpt to mptikic iu 

hearts big with forrow, and 'warm powers, and deftroy iu eiScaqp. 
with affedion, not to be induced ' So will diflatisfadioo, and ta- 

by falfe foggcftions, contrary to tion al wealenefs, change at oaofc MMD 

the benignity of your Royal na- public confidence; order, ftrcngth, 

ture, to flint up your paternal and dignity ; and this boated coa« 

compaffion and juftice againft the ftitution of Englapd, fe late the 

prayers of unhappy fubjeds, claim- envy of nations* no longer be hcU 

ing, as we now again prefume to forth to the derifion of EwDpc» 

do, with equal humility and freC' eledors not fuffered to eleA» jam 

born plainnefs, our indifputable forbid to judge of tbe whok mat- 

birth-rights, freedom of eledion, tor in iftue before them, and da- 

and right of petitioning. tiful petitioners, remonftraiirg the 

* We have feen the known law moft flagrant grievances, braaded 
of the land, the fure guardian of by the mini fters who opprefs thcBf 
right, trodden down ; and, by the at feditions infradors of that ooa- 
inflncnce of daring roinillers, lubi- ftitution which we religiooAy re- 
trarydifcretion, the law of tyrants, vere, and, together with yonr ma« 
fet up to ovcrth.'ow the choice of jefty's facred pcrfon, will nacea' 
the eledors, and nominate to a fingly defend againft all encBiCS 
feat in parliament, a perfon not and betrayers/ 

chofen by the people. Hi. Majeftf . A,f^^. 

• Your majefty', throne .s foand- . y^, j ^J,^\^ ^^^ „ ,,^ 




treaibn againft the whole conftitu- " ' / P* 

tion. ^ 

• Deign then. Sire, amidft the ^ ^ , „• ,. , 

complicated dangers which fur- ^^^'"" ""f J^' Froctidnyi mt iht 
roun^i us to reftore faiisfadion and County Mating ai Ymrk^ » g 
harmony t» your faithful fubjcds, i^^tterftom a Gintleman fr^fi^. 
by lemoiing fmm your Majcftv's «• 'T"^ H O* I live very dUtent 
prefer*ce r.ll evil counfellors, and J[ from York, yet* aa a friend 

by recurring to ihe recent fenfc of to liberty and the conlkitaiioi. I 

went 




UPPENPIX to the CHRONICLE. [1107 

ihc countjr aening adver- " It wis then ^{reed, tlwt iW 

the X5tb inft. About noon letter of thulci Ihould be firft vq. 

« Armiuge wu re<]uctted ted ; — and ihen the fenfe of the 

ute ciuir. After exprrf- freeholden taken concerning a re. 

feajc of the honour con- mooDrance. The letter of tkaake 

iB himi sod giving nllur* wa aflcDied ta without om diflcat- 

the eaeriion of his ibiliu'cs ing voice. 

uKncfi for which ihey were " Mr. Torner had propoled i 

1, he told ihem he wuulJ comoiitiec. with wbo.n wu to be 

I their laie petiiiun, aod trullcd the whole affiir; ihi* was 

e an acnuor of its recep- the next fubjcd of coolideraiiaa. 

ich vu ikithing more than Sir George Armitage tbea pn>- 

: King received it with a claimed aloud, ' all who vk fur 
• the commmee Md »f ibtir igr/, 

G. Savllle then nife np, ' ait •wba art afoiafi lie coromittea 

e a very brief account of • MJ af tbtir bam4 liktviifi.^ Thia 

d been done in the houfe, cauGng fone confuGon, a divifioa 

10 remedy lbs grievances wai agreed upon, »nd thoT* wlw 

coinplained of, but faid were not freeholder! were reqnellt)! 

10 couoienuice a reman- to leave the roooi for a few ininutet. 
— AgainS the committee a grcac 

George Armitage, (with- majority. 
■g the feafe of the freehold- " Lord John CavendtQi wat, I 
ceming a remonftrance.) tbioki the next fpeaker j he re- 
leave 10 read a piper, cod- coininended lenient and gentle 
ibanlu to their worthy re- ificafures, at (he molt probable 
live* for their conduft in method of having all their oom- 
snt, the laft feUjon. p]aint» redreffed, when his Majeay 
t aext fpeaker at thii meet- perceived they did not oppofe the 

Charic* Turner, EC], He meafure) of government for ths 

ID the lead difippruve what fake of oppofition, but in defence 

'ge Armitage had propofed, of their own privileges, when vioa 

gbt if this wa« all they in- lated ind infringed, 

by calling the freeholder! " After fome trifling alteKa- 

, — if they took no notice tian, it was n^t propofed by (ii'[ 

EOntempt of their dutiful am not miAikenJ Sir Cecil Wray, 

tl petition to (he throne, that the fenfe of the freeholdera 

the freeholder! would be Oijuld b: tnkea concerning a re- 

difappoinied ; that they monlUancej when it was obferved 

e the laugh of the miniilry ; by Lord J. Cavi-ndilb, (hat, in tbe 

r Oiould be thought to fur- letter already adeoted to, they had 

! caufe in which they had exprcfsly decJ.iieJ they forbore to 

■A i and therefore propofed reiterate their co.'nplaiat brfore tbe 

iooal remcfnllcance, in fup- throne, and that ihey now ware, 

which he wa* very warm, in direft conrradidion to them, 

itte to the fatiifaflion of fclvet, going to reiterate. Accord- 

iho, before, had not the ingly ail wai qu:ifhccl, and Sir 

rndly ofinion sf him. Coigc Armitage left the chair " 



Tbt/Mommg it tbe Letter of Thanh 
tt thi Kmigbts of tbi Shire ahovi 
dluded to. 

To Sir George Saville» Bart, and 
£dwin LafceUet* E/q, 

Tork, Sept. 25, I770* 

'* Gentlemen, 



ao8j ANNUAL REGISTER, 177^ 

a ileady perfererance in t 
ciplef, the electors of C 
tain muft finally obtain 
their violated rights. 

** Your coadnd, gentle 
juftly merited the thanki 
coniiituentf ; and we hai 
tisfadlion to declare, thi 
tirely approve all that 
done and faid In fnppon 
liberties.— By the explid 
and determined part 3 
taken, during the laft j 
parliament, the (entimenti 
whofe intereft is intmficc 
care, have been moft hit 
prcfled. 

'' It is not, therefore, 
ni(h or inftrud, but to 1 
out as examples to am 
encourage others, that we 
prefs oar feiife of the fim 
^vigilance of your condii£ 
times of new and dange 
trines; when not only r 
the violation of the righ 
tion hath not been obta 
every accerapt to fecure 1 
from future violaiions h 
evaded. 

" It is become but ta 
that neither the moft faci 
of the people, nor the \ 
the crown, have been 1 
their care who(e ftation 
them more peculiarly r 
for a ftrid attcncfcn to bo 

•• The public welfare, 
man<1f, that thofe who a 
to guard its intereft, fti 
ploy their utmoft attenti 
quire into the caufes of tl 
ral diflatisfadion which p 
the minds of a irtt^ a 
and a loyal people ; ar 
there be found anyjuft i 
national Jefentmeot, we t 
neither miniiUrial powa 



•« ¥ T 7 £ the freeholders of the 
VV county of York, aflem- 
Med here, defire to exprefs our 
Sentiments to yon on the prefent 
dangerous fituation of affairs. 

*^ In prefenting a petition to the 
throne, we a£led from the ftrongeft 
oonvidlion, that it was onr duty to 
jeprefent to his Majcfty bow fe- 
▼erely we thought the rights of all 
the eleftors of Great Britain ftruck 
•t by that refolution which nomi* 
nated a reprefentative to a county, 
in oppodtion to the votes of a ma- 
jority of the freehelders. 

** We had reafon to hope, that 
an application, fo fall of affec- 
tionate loyalty to our fovereign, 
and prefented in a mode fo agree- 
able to the principles of the con- 
ftitution, would have met with a 
favourable reception. But we nei- 
ther can nor will impute its failure 
to any other caufe, than the arts 
and management of thofe, who 
have no other means of juftifying 
their own mifconJuft to thc^ir fove 
reign, than by mifre prefenting the 
denres aud alFe^ons of a loyal 
people. 

** Hopelefs of fuccefs from a 
reiterated petition, whilft the fame 
influence prevails, ^e forbear to 
make a further application to the 
throne ; being con&dent that the 
former wiil remain an authentic 
Ceftimony of our unalterable fenti- 
ments, which, by every juftifiable 
method, we are determined to lup- 
fort i and we dotbt not, that, by 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 



y mind, and the variety orniAC'^ 
f conuintd in the paper ifanf. 
mitted to me. oblige inc to extend 
bat the mindi of his M^jef- my anfwer beynnd ihe length that 



ddeU, flor reiireraenc from 
elude the cScfl of that cn< 



ijitXi may be united i 

fubmiffioa to legal auiho- of compliment. 



1 anfw( 



id a ftcady leCiAiaQC ta il 

Bwer; and ih^t the rigbii 

people may be fecured by 

:ii« and prudence of their 

iwirrt, the natural guir- tween a gracious loveie 

' ll>o<e tights, ij (he fervent people, (hould make it 
every fiicad of [he conlli- foibear a lecond applied 
■nd voa may be aHured, >i>g and trufling at the lame time 
luluit of thofe ohjefls, that yoitr conlidence ii u 



linarv occafionj. 
" h is impoflible for me not to 
lament with you, that any unhappy 
interpofiiion cl' interelled in<n be- 
tween a gracious foveicii>:i and hia 
^ible to 
bop- 

ell found* 



I alwayt be fuppotted by cd, j do hold it 
choldcr* of the tounty of while one grain of purity i 

'3er of (he meeting. 



i.Aa 



rcmaini in the cunlliti 
principles and doilrii 
fubverfive of it, can tal 
flourifb, nay, th^t the) 



r vigour 
on, that 
dtreAly 

-00 [ and 



FrttMdtrt of tin Cuanij tf •„ ■ , ■ , 

mfimUU sLmbtr 7/. i, "'" "'''j""/ """""^n"- ] "■» 

^ ' ' templed fo lar to go beyond the 
limn of what is more elTcntijIly a 

leiBen, necelTaty part of my anfwer, ai 10 

AVING had the honour of expref* the faiis'if^ion it affoid* 

^ receiving, by (he haudi of me to obferve, thit while you de- 

irge Aimiiage, a commu* cline a meafure, which to man/' 

of your fcutimeuit, I beg might naturally feem more dircfl- 

I (he firft place to return ly tending to redrcf), you have 

grateful acknowledgment taken eiTedujl care plainly to draw 

pant of it u regard my- the line, and Arongly to mark liio 
diftififlion (that didinAJon fo eJTeii. 

tw alwayi thooght myfelf tial in ^tfimi e/Xigbr) betweea 

t in the opportunities f forbearance and acquiclcence. 

lof knowing from time to " I accept iv-ith a pride, which 

: fentimeni) of my conQi- I will acknowledge and avow every 

ud it hat been my parti- where, the tcUimony you bear to 

ppaneft 10 meet on thofe the little 1 can have done, i 
I with their approbi 
indeed, no longer 
th AtiJafiioii 10 my 
US I had tcafon 10 belie 



prufecution oi my duly ; and 1 will 
you tu be alTured. ihji 1 will per' 
ievere, not Only ' " _ 
n maintaining to ihc uiawll ut 



lut 



Im)ooi coincided wiih power, thofe piinciplei 



t Icaft » cScQlial and fuu* approved, the principles of the 

l^ali. ctiiiKiiii-ion; and more efpccially 

I iBjwrWKe of the fub- that &t& tight, (he righ( of tlcc- 

toipecfioa i( has made on hud, BTidci itblch alooc my a&c^ 

xifi. in wuiu, ■ 



2io] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

exills, and without which even the tion of gentlemen of jroor charte* 

two charadersin which we are now ters. If I have been fo fbrtonite 

converfing, the reprcfented and the at to fucceed, I mall think i aa 

reprefentativcj are mere illufory more indebted to yoar partial opi* 

fidlions. nions» than to any real or fabftia* 

'* I defire likewife to aiTure you» tial merit of my own. 
that 1 will omit no opportunity *< 1 know it vvoold be Tain ail 

of fulfilling that particular duty» impertinent t6 expcA any fvtMk 

which the prefent occailon has favours from yoo, vraa I ever » 

called upon you to remind me of; betray the trnft, yoa have colld^ 

I mean the fearching out the caufes fcended to honour me with. 
of public diflfatisfadion, and the *' I flatter myfrlf* whilft I pit* 

objects of a juft public refentment ; ferve my independenqr* ftod m 

trufting to your candour, if the not adaated with views of ambi* 

fuccefs does not anfwer to the warm tion» avarice* and loft of powo^ 

cxpedations of many honed men» you will have no caofe to wii^ 

and the ardent wiihesofall. Yoa draw your nfual indulgence fioi 

have more than once over-rated my me. 

abilities to ferve you ; I wi(h I had '* I have ever oonfidercd tkt 

not reafon to fear» that in this in« very unfortunate decifion of tka 

ftance you experience a ftriking ex- rights of the freekoldert of Mid> 

ample of it. dlefex» as highly detrimeoCal to 

" It is my firft duty to join in thofe of all the eledors of GrciK 

your wifti» that due order and fub- Britain ; therefore, flial! fieadDjf 

jniffion, as well as a refolute adhe- perfevere to contribute all in mf 

rence to the rights of freemen, power to obtain redrefi of ikofe 

may prevail. It is the mod per- violated rights, 
fed felf-interell, and the higheft *< I moft heartily concor wick 

limbition to join with you in the you, gentlemen, in til your en* 

other, that I may be in any degree ftitutional wifties. My greateft aa* 

the fortunate inftrument in preferr- bition is, to render myfelf wordy 

ing thofe rights. of your choice, whi^ I kaow cat 

" I beg leave to fubfcribe myfelf, only be effeded bv fupporting the 

Gentlemen, fundamental prinaptes of our con- 

Your much obliged, and ilitution, and the undoubted birth* 

faithful humble fervant, right of our fellow-fubjeds. WhcA 

George Saville.'* you find me deficient in thofe grand 

^ t r t t points, I defire to enjoy no longer 

To the FrtiboUirs oJftmhUd at York, the honourable ftation of being one 

on tbt zyh of Stjftmber, 1770. of your reprefentatives ; but, natii 

Gentlemen, that event happens, the only ft- 

•« TT IS fcarce pofTible for words vour I now afk of yoo, it, to giva 

JL to exprefs the lively fenfe of me credit for my onfkaken loyallf 
gratitude I feel, for the very fa- to our mofl gracious fovereign, my 

vourable opinion you are pleafed efteem and regard for the intmt 

to entertain of my public condud. of our fcllow-iubjcds, and ny im- 

•• It has always been my great- plicit veneration for our moft «- 

•ft ambitum to gain the approba- calleat coaftitution. 

««Ihavt 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [211 

•' I have the honour to be, with noife hroucjht people tor^cthcr, and 

the moft fincere eAeem and re^ard^ John Hicks, a yuunj^ lul, comi:ig 

Gentle men. up, knocked the fol.lijr down, Irjc 

Your moll obliged, an 1 Ice hini get up ai^nin; and more 

iDOft faithful humble fcrvant, I'ld:^ gathering, drove them back to 

Edwin Lascelles." the barrack, where chj bin's Ouo.l 

QmUefiorougb, Si'pt, 28. fume time a> it were to keep them 

■ in. In lefo than a minute ten or 

thi umhapfy Rict at Boflon has been twelve fbldiers came out, with 

ft 'uari§ufly re^refcnted, and is in drawn cutlafTes, clubs, and bayo- 

iffilf of fainter iflt Kg a Nature, that nets, and let upon the unarmed 

VH think it necejjary to lay the d:f' boys, who, finding the inequality 

fertnt Accounts of it before our of their equipment, diiivrfed. On 

Ktmiirs, hearing the noiie, op<: Samuel At- 

Boflon^ March 12. wood came up to T^l* vvh<:: v\as the 

ONthcevpnig of Monday, be- matter, and met the luidirrj afore- 
in^ the 5th current, feveral faid rulhing down the alley, and 
foidiers of the 29: h regiment were aOced them if they inte.ided to 
fcen parading the ftreets with their murder perple? they 'ar.fwered^ 
drawn cudafles and bayoilpts, abu- Yes, by G — d, r.ot and branch *. 
fiog and wounding numbers of the with that one of th'^m llruck Mr. 
bliabitauts. Atwood with a cKib, which was 
" A few minutes after nine repeated by another, and, being* 
o'clock, firar youths* named Ed- unarmed, he turned to go off, and 
*ard Archbald, William Merchant, received a wound on the left 
Francis Archibald, and John Leech, (boulder, which reached the bone, 
jon. came down Cornhill together. Retreating a few Uepi, Mr. At- 
aad feparating at Dr. Loring's wood met two officers, and faid» 
comer, the two former, in pafling Gentlemen, what is the matter ? 
a narrow alley « where a foldier was they anfwered, \ou'll fee by and 
Ikrandifliing a broad fword, of an by. Immediately after, thef'e he- 
aacoinmon fixe, againft the walls, roes appeared in the fquare, alking 
oat of which he ftrnck fire plenti- where were the boogers ? where 
fflUyf and a perfon of a mean coun- were the cowards ? thirty or forty 
leaance, armed with a large cud- perfons, moilly lads, being by this 
|el. by him, Edward Archbald bid means gathered in King-llrcet, 
Mr. Merchant take care of the Capt. Prefton, with a party of men 
fwordt on which the foldier turned with charged bnyonets, cam? from 
round, llruck Archibald on the arm, the main-guard, and taking their 
and then pufliefi lit Merchant. Mer- ftations by the Cultom-houff, he- 
chant then ftruck the foldier with a gan to pu(h and drive the people: 
frort ftick, and the other pcrlon ott, pricking fome, and threaten- 
Taa to the barmck, and brought ing others ; on which the people 
with him two foidiers, one armed grc^ clamorous, and, it i.4 favd, 
with a pair of tongs, ihe other ih.-ew fuuw- balls. On this the 
with a fliovel ; hi: with the tongs captain comtnanded his men \^ 
parfued Archbald back through the nre, and more fno^-bulls coming. 
alley, collared and laid him over he again faid, d — n you, fire, be 
thf head with iLc tones. The the confequence what it wiM !-»- 



ftia] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



One foldier then fired, and a townf- 
aian, with a cudgel llruck him over 
the hands with fuch force that he 
dropt his firelock, and, ruihing 
forward, aimed a blow at the cap- 
tain's head, which grazed hit hat, 
and fell pretty heavy upon his arm : 
however, the folditTS continued the 
fire* fucceffively* till feven or eight. 



moruUy wounded; a ball 
through hit belly, and was a 
at his back : he died the neat i 
ing. 

** A lad* named Chrift 
Monk, about (eventcen yea 
age, apprentice to Mr. W. 
(hipwnght, woonded ; a bal 
tered hit back about four i 



or, at fome fay, eleven guns were above the left kidney, na 



fpine* and wat cot oat of the 
on the fame fide ; apprehend 
will die. 

** A lad, named John i 
about ferenteen yeart of age, 
parents live at Medfbrd, wen 
a ball entered juft below hit 
and came out at hit hip, < 
oppofite fide ; apprehended I 
die. 

<' Mr. Edward Pajrnc, < 
town, Merchant, (landing 
entry door, received a ball 
arm, which (battered feme 
bonet. 

«* Mr. John Green, tayla 
ing up Leverett's-lane, reci 
ball juft under his hip, and 
in the under part of hit 
which was extramd. 

«< Mr. Robert Patterfba, 
faring man, wounded ; a bi 
through hit right arm, and 
fered great loft of blood. 

<< Mr. Patrick Carr, al 
years of age, who workf 
Mr. Fields leather breechet 
in Queen-fireet, wounded 
entered near his hip and i 
at his fide. 

'« A lad named David 
an apprentice to Mr. £ 
wheelwright, wounded ; a 
tered hit ihigh. 

"The people were imn 
Mr. Samuel Maverick, a pro- alarmed with the report 
mifing youth of fcv^teen years of horrid mafifacre, the bells 
age» fen of the widow Maverick, a ringia^, and great numl 



difcharged. 

'< By this fatal manoeuvre, feve- 
ral were laid dead on the fpot, and 
fome lay lUuggling for life ; but 
what (hewed a degree of cruelty 
unknown to Britifh troops, at leali 
fince the houfe of Hanover has di- 
rected their operations, was an at- 
tempt to fire upon, or (lab wiih 
their bayonets, the per ions who 
undertook to remove the (lain and 
wounded ! At length, 

" Mr. Benjamin Leigh, of the 
Delph Manufadory* came up, and 
after fome converiation with Capt. 
Prefton, relative to his condud, 
advifed him to draw oif hit men; 
with which he complied. 

« The dead are, Mr. Samuel 
Gray, killed on the fpot, the ball 
entering hit head and beating oflT 
a large ponion of his (kull. 

*' A mulatto man, named Crif- 
pas Attuckt born in Framingham, 
who wat here in order to go for 
I>iorth Carolina, alfo killed in« 
ftantly: two ballt entering hit 
breall, on^ of them in Ipecial gor- 
iiig the I ght lobe of the lungs, and 
a great port of the liver moil hor- 
ribly. 

<* Mr. James Caldwell, mate 
of Capt. Morton's veHel, in like 
manner killed by two balls enter- 
ing hit back. 



<< 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [213 

at the pUce where thii oar fetlow-citiceni running |il» 

eoe htdbeen afled ; their witer throufib King-Hreel, tnd ihc 

|»^ be better conceived Merchanis Exchingc, the princU 

takii and while fome pal (pot of the roiluiry parade for 

ne care of the dead and about 18 munthi pall. Our btornl 

at rcfi were in conful- might alfo be tr^iclted up to the 

It to do in tbofe dreadful head of Long Lane, and ihrougb 

tee*. But (b tittle inti- divert other itreett aod pafla^j. 
■rere they, notwithAand- " At eleven o'clock the inhabu 

being within a few jrardi tanti met at Faneuil-hall, and after 

linguard, and feeing the fome animated fpeeches ibey chofc 

iment under arms, and a committee of fifteen refpedablo 

io King-flreel, that they gentlemen to wait upon the Lieot. 

r ftalion, and appeared. Governor in council, to requefl of 

icer of rank cxprcfled it, him to ilTue hit orderi for the im- 

un upon the very muzxlei mediate removal of the troopa. 
infteu. The Lieut. Gu- 7it Miffmii -wtti in tbtfi vnrJi : 

Mt came into the Town- *' That ic it the ananimou* opi- 

d there met fome of hi) nion of ihii meeting, that the inha- 

cooncili and a number of bitantt and foldiery can do longer 

jjiftratei; a con(iderable live together in fafeiy ; t^at no* 

the people immediately thing can rationally be expe&ed to 

lie council-chamber, and reltore the peace of the town, and 

themlelvei to hii honour prevent luriher blood and carnage. 

Freedom and warmth be- but the immediate removal of the 

he occafion. He u(ed hi* troopt : and that «e therefore moft 

ideavourt to pacifjr ihem, fervently pray his honour, that hit 

[ that they would let the power and influence may be ex> 

Mde for the night, and erted for their ioftanl removal." 
r to do all in hit power Uit Htmur'i Rtfly. 

■X flkould be done, and the Gtmtltmi*, 

it* conrfe; men of in- " I am extremely forry for ib* 

id weight with the people unhappy dilfeiencei between the 

wanting on their pan to inhabitanta and troopa, and efp«- 

their compliance, by re- cially for the aflion of the lall 

g the horriole confcquenie evening, and I have exerted myfelf 

lifcooBt and ralh engage- upon that cccaGon that a due en- 

the night. The inhabi- quiry may be made, and that the 

inded to thefe fuggeftioni, law m^y have iti courle. i have 

egiment under arm* being in council confulted with the com- 

to their barracki, they m«nding ofiiceri of the two regi- 

and returned to their mentt who are in ihe town. They 

I by one o'clock. Ac three have their order* from the General 

Captain Prcllon wa* com- at Ncw-Yoik, It i* not in my 

prifon , a* were the foldici* power to countermand ihofe order*. 

\, a few hours aftrr him. The council have delired that the 
efday morning prefented a two regiment* may be removed to 
ickiog fccDC, the blood of the calQ<. From the parlicular con> 
[f] 3 ceia 



ai4T ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 



^ern which the 29th regiment hat 
had in your dittcrences. Colonel 
Dalrymple^ who is the command- 
ing Officer of the Troops, has fig* 
nified that that regimeot (hal], 
without delay^ be placed in the 
barracks at the Callle» until he can 
fend to the General and receive his 
further orders concerning both the 
regiments, and that the main- 
guard (hall be removed, and the 
14th rrgiment fo difpofed and laid 
under I'uch reAraint, that all oc- 
canon of future diflurbunces may 
be prevented." 

The foregoing Reply having 
been read and fully confidered— the 
queflioii was put. Whether the re- 
port lie fatisfadory ? PaiTcd in the 
negative (only one difTentient) out 
of upwards of40Co voters. 

** It was then moved, that John 
H>''ncock» Efq; Mr. Samuel Adams, 
^r. William iviolineux, William 
Phillips, rilq; Dr, Jofeph Warren, 

{oHiua HenHiaw, E'q; and Samuel 
'emjcnon, K:q; be a Committee to 
wait Oil iiis Hciiuur the Lieutenant 
Guv LT nor, and inform him, that the 
Reply made to the Vote of the in- 
hahiia'^ts is by no means fati^fac- 
tory ; and that nothing lefs will 
fatisfy, than a total and immediate 
removal cf .1!! li-ic croops. 

** The Ccjui.T.ii.: I' having waited 
upon the Lieutenant Governor, his 
Honour laid before the Board .1 vote 
of the town of Brflon. p.iild this 
afternoon, and :;.i.n auJieiTcd the 
Board as follows : 

•* CctttUmen of the Council^ 
'* I i.iy before you a vote of the 
town oi Boi^oii, which I have juil 
now it»:i'ivcd f.om them, and I 
pow aik yvur advice, what you 
ju(iL;c necclLiy to be done upon 



if.'f 



S 



*' The CouDcil thcreapon oe- 
prefled themfelves to be mmmiimnjf 
of opinion 9 '< tbat it wu aMbloteiy 
neceflary for hit Majefty'a fervioe, 
the good order of the town, and tbe 
peace of the province, that tha 
troopaihodld be immediately re- 
moved oat of the town ofBoftoa; 
with wfcich opioioD Colonel Dal- 
rymple gave his word of Honosr 
that he would acqaieice/' 

Upon the ab»ve report, the ia- 
habiunts exprefled the higheft th 
tisfadion ; and after meafnrea wot 
tzkcn for the fecurity of the lovib 
the meeting was diilblvcd. 

A moft folemn proceffioi «ii 
made through Boflon at the tee* 
ral of the foor murdered yooiks, 
On this occaiion all the ihops wm 
(hut up, all the bells in the tova 
were ordered to toll, as wcrethofe 
in the neighbouring towns, sad 
the bodies that moved from dif- 
ferent quarters of the town, mettc 
the fatal place of action, and were 
carried together through the maia 
flreets, followed by the sreaieft 
concourfe of people ever knows, 
all teflifying the moft fenfible gricb 
to a vault provided for that ia 
the middle of the great lNiryiD|- 
ground. 

From the time of this fatal uri- 
gedy, a military guard of lowa 
militia has been conftantly kept ia 
the Town-houfe and Town-pnibn, 
at which fome of tiie moft refpcc- 
table citizens have done duty as 
common foldiers. 

In confequence of this aflFair, 
the inhabitants of Roxburgh peti- 
tioned the Lieutenant C^venor 
ilutchinfon to remove the troopi 
from Bofton ; and received nr 
anfwer, fJbat he bad no amtbcrity n 
Qrder tbi King^j troops frtm mMjfUut 

nvbirg 




APPE!*DIX to the CHRONICLE. [215 



th^ «rv fcftid if hit Majtfift 
at the Ume time he se- 
ed ihem wiih wtuit had b«n 
tfitb the GODCurrciice of the 
odiog officer. * 



'' C«^«> Tbtmat FrtJtiK tf 
ti* zgtb rtgimtM. 

I matter'of too grot notoriety 
need waj proofi, that the ir- 
of hi* Majedy't troops in 
1 was extremely obnoxioui to 
kabiunt). They have ever 
ill meaiu in their power to 
Til the regimenti, and to bring 
iato contempt, by promoting 
(ding defcrtioai, and with im- 
', even where there has been 
caicS evidence of the faA. 
T grofsly and Falfely propa- 
r gntruthg concerning iheCQ. 
e arrival of the 64.th and 65th, 
ardoar feemingly began 10 
i it being too exicnfive to 
iff (b many ; and attempts of 
Lind rendered too dangerous 
the nambers. But the fame 
revived tm mediately on its 
known that thofe regimenti 
ordered for Hal i fax, and 
tver &nce their departure been 
iog out with greater violence, 
their embarkacion, one of 
JuDicei, thoroughly ac- 
ted with the people and their 
ioni, on the trial of the 14th 
.cnt, openly and publickly, in 
earing of great numbers of 
e, and from the feat of 
!. declared. " that the foldien 
DOW take care of ihemrelves, 
■mft M mutb IS tbiir armi, for 
Mere but a handful; that the 
itanci carried weapons con- 
1 under their cloaths, and 
. deflroy them io a momenti 



if ibtj fUfifid." This, confiderJng 
the malicious temper of the peo- 
ple, was an alarming circumftance 
to the foldirry. Since which fevr- 
ral dtfpuiei have happ'med between 
the towns people and foldiers of 
both regiments, the former being 
enconraged thereto by the connle- 
nance of even fome of the Magi. 
Urates, and by the protection of all 
the party againft Government. la 
general fuch dilpates have been 
Kept too fecrei from the Officers. 
On the ad inllant; two of the spth 
going through one Gray's rope- 
walle, the rope-mal^eis infultingly 
a&ed them if they would empty a 
vault. This unfortanately had the 
deCred effefl by provoking the fol- 
diers, and from words they went 
to blows. Both pariiei f|iffered ia 
this affray, and finally the foldier* 
rf tired to their quarters. The 
OtScers. on the firft knowledge of 
(his tran^aflion, took every precao- 
tion in their power to prevent any 
ill Goafequences. Noiwithflanding 
which, lingle quarrels could not 
be prevented ; the inhabitants con- 
ftantly provoking and abuling the 
foldiery. The inWence, a: well 
a* utter hatred of the inhabitants 
to the trt>ops, increafed daily; in- 
fomuch, that Monday and Tuefday, 
the 51b and 6;h inftant, were pri- 
vately agreed on for a general en- 
gagement ; in confcquence of 
which feicral of the militia came 
from the ci^untry, armed, to join 
their friends, menacing to deftroy 
any who ILouId oppofe them. This 
pUn has lince been difcovered. 

On Monday night, about eight 
o'clock, two foldicrt were attacked 
and beat. But tbe party of the 
towns people, in order to cany 
matters to ihe utmofl length, broke 
into inx) Meeting Hoofci and rang 

m * ■!■• 



ai6 ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

the alarm bells, which I fuppofed half circle, kept them at ^^^^ 

was for fire as ufual, but was foon diftance. Nay, fo far was V ^T^ 

undeceived. Abcut nine fome of intending the-death of any '^^ 

jthe guard came to and informed that [ fuifered the troops i 

xne. the town inhabitanrs were af- the fpot where the onhaf» 

fembling to attack the troops, and took place, without any k 

that the bells were ringing as the their pieces* nor did I 

fignal for that purpofe, and not for orders for k>ading them, 

fire, and the beacon intended to be mifs condod in me peril 

fired to bring in the dillant people cenfure ; yet it is evidenc 

of the country. This, as I was ing from the natare o! 






Caputn of the day, occafioned my which is the beft and fnrei 

repairing immediately to the main be offered, that my in 

guard. In my way there I faw the not to »St offeofively, bat 

people in great commotion, and trary part, and that nc 

heard them ufe the mod cruel and compuliion. The mob ftl 

horrid threats again ft the troops, fed, and were more oi^^ '' 

In a few ininutes after I reached ftriking their clubs or W^Z. '^^^ 

the guard, 4bout an hundred people one againft another, ancl ^ 

pafl'ed It, and went towards the out, * Come on, yon Rafc^^^^ 

Cullom Houle, where the King's * bloody Backs* you Lobfler "^25 

money is lodged. They imme- ' drels ; fire if yon dare, 

diately fprrounded the centinel ' you, fire and be damn'd; 

poded there, and with clubs and ' yea dare not ;' and modi 

other weapons threatened to eze- fuch language was ufed. A. 

cute their vengeance on him. J was time I was l^tween the feldiet ^ 

foon informed by a townlman, the mob, parleying with uu^^ ^ 

their intention was to carry off the deavouring all in my power to ^1^ 

Ibldier from l^s poll, and probably fuade them to retire peaceably ; ^ { 

murder him. On which I defired to no porpofe. They advancw ^ 

him to return for further intelli- the points of the bayonets, ftrtf^ 

gence ; and he foon cai]ie back and fome of them, and even the mil' < 

aiTured me, he heard the ropb de- ^les of the pieces, and feem*^ to tl : 

clare they would murder hin>. This endeavouring to dofe with ill 

I feared might be a prelude to foldiers. Qn which fome we]l*bs- 

their plundering the King's cheft. h^ved perfons aflced me irthegtn 

I immediately fent a non-co(n- were charged; I replied, yes. They 

miiTioned officer and twelve men to then aikeq me iif I intended to ordei 

protedl both the centinel and the the men to Ere ; I anfwered no, by 

King's money, and very foon fpl- no means ; obferving to tbeni, tJHt 

lo^cd myfeir, to prevent (if poffi- J was advanced before the maaaln 

ble) all difuruer ; fearing left the of the men's pieces, and mnft M 

oHicer and foldiery, by the infults a facrifice if they fired; that tJK 

and provocations of the rioters, foldiers were upon the half-cod( 

fhould be thrown off their guard and charged bayonets, aod ■/ 

and commit fome raih ad. 'ihey giving the word fire, on tboie ci^ 

fcoii ru(hed through the people, cumAances, would prove me m 

^ad, by charging their bavonets ii> officer. While i was thus fpeikiof. 




PPENDIX to tht CHRONICLE. [117 

I (oMiert, hawne received nuking ready to fire again, whick 

■low with a Kick, ftepped I prrrenced by flriktng up their 

■ one fide, and inftaaily firelocks with my band. Immedi- 

I which turning lo, and ately at'ier a lawnfman came and 

m why he fir^ without toM me, that 4 or jooo people 

wai ftrack with a club on were aHembled in the neat llreet, 

which Tor fome time de- and had fworn to take my life with 

: of the ale of it j which every man'f with me ; on which f 

I it been placed on my judged it onfafe to remain ibera 

ill prubably would have any longer, and therefore Tent the 

ne. On tb;a a general patty and fcntry to the mainguard* 

s made on the men by a and when thc;|r arrived there* 

iber of heavy clubs, and telling them off into llreet firingi. 

being thrown at them, divided and planted them at eack 

all our live* were in im- end of the Areet lu fecare their 

ianger; fome pcrlont at rear, momently expcSing an at- 

time from behind calling tack, as there waa a conflant of 

mn yoar bloodi, why do of the inhabitants, " To arms, to 

I fire?' Inftantly three or arm^— :nrii oat with yoor guns/* 

te Ibldicri fired, one after and the town drums beaung ta 

and direAJy after three arms. I ordered my drum to beat 

the lane confiifioa and to arms, and being ibon after 
joined by the different companiea 

lob then ran away, except of the 19th regiment, I formed 

happy men who inllanily them as the gnard into llreet 

in which number was Mr. firings. The '14th regiment alio 

whofe rope walk the prior got under arms, bat remained at 

00k place i one more is their barracks. 1 immediately feat a 

1, three other) arc danger- Serjeant with a party to CtJonel 

d four flighily wounded. Dalrymple, the commanding Ofi* 

Icof this melancholy affair cer, to acquaint him wiih every 

fafted in almolt twenty particular. Several Officers going 

On ray i&ing the foldi- to join their regiment were 

they fired without ordm, knocked down by the mob, one 

1 they heard the word very much wounded, and his fword 

and fuppolcdit carne from taken from him. I'he Lieutenant 

it might be the cafe, ai Ciovernor, ar.d Colonel C«rr, weto 

' the mob called out, foon after met at ihe head of the 

ire," but I aflured the men I9ih regiment, and agreed that the 

re no fuch order, ihat my regiment ihould retire to tbtir 

re, " Don't lire, Itopyour barracks, and the people to their 

lo Ihort, it wai fcarce houfei ; but 1 kept tlte piquet 10 

or the foldiers to know llrengihen lh< gu:ird. It was with 

fire, or don't fire, or Itrp great difficulty that the Lieuienant- 

tg. On the people's al- Oovernor prevailed on ihc people 

again to take anay the to be quiet and retire: at lad ihey 

iei. ibe fol-ieri, fuppofing all went off, excepting about a 

oing to attack them, tvcrc hundred. 

ACoua* 



ai83 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

A Council was immediately 

called, on the breaking up of Jn Account tf tbi Trial ^ 
which, three Jullices met, and Prejion, at Bofiom, m 
sfTued a warrant to apprehend me EtigloMj. 
and eight Soldiers. On hearing of 

this procedure, I inllant^y wcni to ' ■ ^HE Trial began on ^ 
the Sheriff, and furrendcred my- X day the 24th of 0£lol 

fclf» though for the fpace of four was continued from day 

hours I had it in my power to have Sunday excepted, till Toe 

jnade my efcape, which I mod un- 30th. The witneiTei who « 

doubtedly (hould have attempted, a mined on both iidcs amou 

and coold ealily have executed, about 50. Ihe Lawyers 

had I been the lead confcicus of Crown were Mr. Barne 1 

any guilt. On the examination Samuel Quincy ; for the ] 

before the Jollices, two witneflcs Mr. Auchmuty and Mi 

fwore that I gave the men orders to Adams. Each of tbcoi fpol 

£re; the one telUfied he was within hours at leaft. About Mood 

two feet of me ; the other, that I the judges began their 

fwore at the -men for not firing at Judge Trowbri(ige, who fpc 

the firft word. Others fwore they entered largely into the co 

heard me ufe the word, fire ; but tory accounts given by tj 

whether do or do not fire, they neiles, and declared, that it 

could not fay ; others, that they appear to him that the 

heard the word fire, but could not gave orders to fire; bat if 1 

fay if it came from me. The next mould think otherwife, aa< 

day they got five or ^x more to proved that he did give fad 

fwear I gave the word to fire. So the queltion then would n 

bitter and inveterate are many of be, What crime is he gui 

the malecontents here, that they I'hey furely could not call 

are induilriouily ufing every me. der — -Here he explained ill 

thod to fiQi out evidence to prove of murder in a yicry dlftin^ 

it was a concerted fcheme to mur- ner, and gave it as his ( 

der the inhabitants. Others are that by law the prifbner 1 

infufing the atmoft malice and re- guilty of murder ; obfervii 

venge into the minds of the peo- the King had a right to i 

pie, who are to be my Jurors, by troops here; that the Coron 

faKe publications, Votes of Towns, Offi.er of thefe troops had 

and all other artiiiccs. That fo, to place a Centinel at the < 

from a fettled rancour againll the houfe : that the Centinel 

Otlicers and Troops in general, the there on the night of the 

Cuddenneis of my Tri.il after the March was in the King's 

•tTdir, while the: peopk*s minds are that he durit not quit hi 

all greatljf infiamed, 1 am, though that if he uas iniulicd or a 

perieclly innocent, under mofl un- the Captain of the Guan 

|iappy circunulanccs, having uo- right to protect him ; tJ 

thing in realon to expert, but the prijoncr and his party, wb 

lofs of life in a very ignominious there for that purpofe, were 

manner, without the intcrpofition of King's peace; that while th 

M.ijeli>*» jjAice j^nd goodiicfs. at the culWm houft^ ior tl 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE, (jt^ 



' prauAiag the ceotinel, it and that be wonld not forego a 

lainlf pror«d that he had momeiit't peace of conrcience for 

fliolied by a great number "' ■ - ' 

lie ; that the people airem- 

cre were not in the Ktng'i 

but were by law con&dered 

toiu mob, at they attacked 

ifoaer and hii party with 

of ice, Itick), and clabi ; 



the applaufeof milliong. He agreed 
in fentimcDi with the former 
^udge, that the prifoner waa not 
guilty. 

Judge CuQiing fpolce next, and 
igreed entirely with the other two, 
with regard to (heprilocer'tcafe. 



[ even one of the witnefTei 

him, confefled he w» armed 

tlighland bToadfword ; that 

eri bad knocked down one 

fbldieri of - the party, laid 

' feveral of their muOcets, 

It, before the foldiers iired, 

• was, Knock then down! 

■ ! Kill them ! That all this 

ra to by the witneOei, and 

Jary believed them, the 
coald not be found guilty , 

er. He then prcceeded to fo much to the 

i^at ilie law confidered at in general." The Jury 

lighter, aad oblervcd, as 

that if they gave credit to 

leflet, who telli&ed the af- 

ade oa the prifoner and hi.t 

they coald not find him 

f man'fliughter, and con- 

ritll faying, that if he wis 

r any offeoce, it could onl)- 

bble homicide; that thii 

'fbanded on the fuppolitinn 

rifoner'a having given or- 
fire, for if this was not 

tbey mult acquit him. 
Oliver, who fpoke next, 

itb reprcfeniing, in a very 

and pathetic manner, the 

ad outrages which he, and 

n through him, had re- 

I a former occafton (mean- 
trial of Kichirdfon) for 

his opinion iu a point of 

II, notwithSanding. he was 

to do bis duty to hit Cod, 

, and bii country; that he 
both infulu and ihrean. 



Judge Lyndes concluded. He 
(poke a confidcrable time, and waa 
of the fame opinion with the other 
Judges. Towards the dofe of hta 
fpecch he fkid, " Happy I am U 
find, that, alter fnch &n& examine 
tion, the condnA of the prifoner 
appears in lo fair a light ; yet 2 
feel mylcir, at the fame lime, deeply 
affefted, that this alFatr turns oat 
To much to the difgrace of every 
pcrfon concerned againfl him, and 

turaed 
verdifl, Nat ^mrl/j. He waa 
immediaiely diicharged, and is now 
in the CaJlle. Great numbers at- 
tended during the whole trial, 
which was carried on with a &>• 
Icmn decency. 



Acaanttfthi Trial ef Muage Camf* 
b(U,far ibt Marker if AUxaadtr^ 
Earlcf Egli^gltMM. 

TH E account oF the prifoner, 
of the fad for which he was 
tried, and the law by which he 
was condemned to die for mariicra 
arc in ftibAance ai follow : 

Mungo Campbell was bom at 
Air, in Scoilana, in (he year I7ts. 
being in the 58th year of bis age, 
when the difpate happened in 
which Lord Eglingioun was killed. 
He was one of 14. children, anj 
hii father was ProvSA of Air, a 
ma much rcfpeflcd as a mer- 



aao] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

chant and a magiftrate, and de- be among his relations and firieidi 
fcended from the noble families of in his native fpot. 
Marchmont» Lottdoun* and Ar- Upon thu doty lie entered ia 
gyle. HAving* however, a large 17469 four and tiventy yean ago» 
family, and fullaining many con- and was at length finally ftaoooed 
fiderable loflcs, he died, in indif- at Saltcoats, where he woaU 
ferent circomftances, and bis chiU have chofen rather to cootiniiCt 
dren were difperfed among the re- than to have been raifed to a higbcr 
lations and friends of the family, office, which would have carried 
Mango, who at his father's death him from his native fpoc. Being 
was an infant, was taken by his known and eftecmed by the neigh- 
godfather, who dying foon after- bouring gentry, he had licenca 
wards, left him about 1000 merks*, from £ord Loudoan* and miay 
and recommended him to a rela- others, to hunt apon thdr groaadi, 
lion, who educated him with his with authority to prefenre the 
own children^ till he was about gam^, and profecute noacben. 
18 years old. He had, however, no fnch liceace 

As he had not money enough to from Lord Eglingtoon. Of theie 
go into trade, or to fupport him licences he did not avail hiflilelf 
in a conrfe of ftudy for any of the often, being, efpedally of latt 
learned profeflions, . he inlifted in time, infirm, having a difivderia 
the Scots Greyi, a regiment which his breaft, and a lameneCi fnm i 
was commanded by a namefake broken leg ; he ufed now and ihn 
and relation, from whom he hoped to kill a little game ai prefenis for 
preferment He ferved in this his friends, but never fi>ld a bird 
corps 12 years, and was, among in his life, uor was ever confider- 
other engagements, at the battle ed as a common fowler or poackft 
of Dettingen, yet he obtained no In the year 1766 he fold his poii- { 
preferment ; he was once offered ter, and never afterwards had a 
a Quarter-Maller's place, worth dog ; but he kept his gan, which 
about 300 i. if he would advance was neceflary, as the fmagglen, 
ICO 1. but not being able to pro- whom it was his duty to detedt 
cure fach a fum, he foon after ob- always went armed, and with kit 
twined his difcharge, which is gun he fometimes (hot fparrovii 
oated 1744. and fometimes gulls, as he pafled 

In 1745* he returned into Scot- along the (hore. Lord Egliog- 
land, where he found his country- toun, who was very ftrid ia pet* 
men in arms againft each other ; ferving the game, prohibited all 
he accompanied his Chief and perlbns from fifhing in the waters 
ktnfman. Lord Loidoun, in the of Garnock by t>ublick adveniic* 
highlands ; and after their return, ment ; and Campbell, to avoid 
his Lordthip procured him a com- all poflibility of o£^ndiog hit 
miflion as officer of the Exrife, Lordfliip in this particular, gave 
with a recommendation to itation a«ay his filhing rod, which waa 
kim IB Ayrcihirej that he might very curious and valuable^ to aa 

* About 55 1. I as, llcriiug. 

acquuDtanco 




ifeMCC of tiis LordQiip't, 

^.^pciieOv however, that 
rbcll ODG dlf liA Tpring, being 
p (carch of fmggglcii gooiii, 
' ae oiheri, fa* j ' 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE, [ist 

filled to tike hii ^n from hinii 
he ivould bive lliot him. 

If [he tclliinoii]' of ihcfe wimefTei 
Xi true. Campbell'i aflVrtion (hat 
Lord Eglingioun never MOuld have 
demanded hii gun, but for the in- 
ft « bnOi It the lide of the lligation of Battleymotc, ia fvlfe. 
tiy on Lord Eglingcoun's Banleymore, boweveri appear* 
td»t which, be fiyg, parity to have been much more crimiaal 
fuffriu. and poltbly from than any trefpari to Ihoot game 
aftigaiion of ihofc wiih him, could make Campbell. This fcl- 
ia, baving before fhot two low, a favourite fcivant of Lord 
in the courfe of their walk. Egiingtouo'i, abofing hts Lord's 
w6 Eglin^Eoun, who wu ihea confidence, employed his horfe* 
irk Hwlc vtry near the fpot, and h;» cart lo frouggle goodi. 
I the gun. and difpaichcd a Oo the Sih of Uft July, Campbell. 
at to enqaiie about i(. Camp- in conleqacnee of previous infor- 
leUted ine dR, a> it ii related maiion. detefled him driving off* 
but Lord Eglingtoon not be- 80 gallons of rum wiih a care 
ttiificd, feni the fervant back and horfe of Lord Eglingtoun't. 
one Baitleymore, another Campbell and hii afliliaott feized 
»t, and required Campbell to the lum, but the hnrfe and care 
I to him. appearing to be my Lord's pro- 

t sccotdingly returned with perty, ivere not taken, nor con* 
I U> liu L«td(liip, who ufed detuned with the reft. It may ea- 
f barlb«tprclIions, but Camp- fily be fuppofed, that thii event 
adnng bii pardon, and pro- produced much enmity between 
IK never more to olTend, they Campbell and Bartleymore, efpe. 
|a, ai ke Uyt, without any cially on the Ade of Bartleymote 
kml being made of hii gun, who did the wrong. What intiu- 
I EgiingiouQ knowing that be ence it Iiad in the faul affair of 
no poacher. the 34th of October, the reader 

iitt ate, however, two ere- mull judge. 

I wimefleii lieuienanti in the On the morning of that day* 
I, who fwcir that being in about ten o'clock, Campbell, ia 
wiy with Campbell at Salt- company with one Bro 
, and talkin 



ptiniipaliy. 



from Saltcoait, 
I he fay*, with a 
e fcveral placet that 
were the known haunti of faing. 
glen, but at the lame time la 
amufe ihemfelvei by iboating ; for 
not petutlcd in the demand ; both (hefe puipufen lliey propofed 
k* had then told hit J.otdlhip to walk from Salicoati to Montfod 
oold raihii die than pait wiih bank, by a common road that Ir^ 
I Adding, with an oath, through lord Eglingtoun't ground), 
I Eglingioita hud ['cr- and icurn by anoibet aWg the 

iea- 



about gai 
{pbcll fa.a ih'at he had b 
«])' challenged by Lord Eg- 
oaa for (hooting a liare. ai ' 

kia Lordfhip had threa'.em 
dee hit gun from ' 




222] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



feafborc. They had no dog, nei- 
ther had Brown a gun ; they pro- 
pofed only to look for a woodcock 
en Monc&)d bank, which was not 
game, and therefore Campbell had 
no need of Dr. Hunter's licence, 
Vfrbich, huwever was in his pocket. 

When they arrived at Montfod, 
aboot three miles diilant from Salt- 
coats, they fearched the wood for 
a cock, but found none ; and then 
paffed from Montfod over the Burn, 
into Lord Eglingtoun's grounds, 
and walked along the ihore within 
the fea mark, looking for a ihot 
of Plover. 

In the mean time, Lord Egling- 
toan fet out from his houfe in a 
coach, attended by one Wilfon, 
called a ^f^right, who was employ- 
ed in fome of his Loraihip's works, 
John Millikin, John Hazel, John 
Cooper, and James Hucchefon, 
fervants, on horfcback ; they (lop- 
ped fome time at Park Houfe, 
to the N. W. of Saltcoats, where 
they were joined by Bartleymore, 
and propofed to go on to Addrof- 
fen and fairly. When they got 
about half a mile from Park Houfe, 
io their way to Fairly, one of the 
fervants having difcoverect. Camp- 
bell anvi Brown, told Lord Egling- 
toun that he cbferved more (hoot- 
ers, having feen fome that day be- 
fore : Wilfon endeavoured to di- 
vert his Lord(hip from taking no- 
tice of them, at they had a |.>re(ty 
long ride before them ; but he afk- 
ed who they were, and being told 
by Bartleymore that one of them 
was Campbell, he came out of the 
coach, and mounting a horfe which 
was led by one of his fervants, 
n^iihout whip, (lick, or weapon 
of any kind, he rode towards the 
pcrfons he faw, who were retired 
Irom the ground where they had 



been firft difcovercd, tr: ^ 
fea- fa nds ; when h « ' ^sSH 



about ten yards of them, I 
" Mr. Campbdl, 1 did not 
to have fooa4 you (b ibon 1 
upon my grounds, after yo 
mife when you fliet the ha 
the fame time demaiKliDg h 
Campbell TtfuM to ddii 
upon which Lord EgKngcoi 
his horfe a kick, having i 
on, to get nearer to him; 
bell retreated, and defii 
Lordfhip to keep ofF, poin 
gun towards him, not rai£i 
his (boulder, but having h 
upon the lock ; Lord £gi 
then flopped his horfe, a 
fmiling, ** Are yoo going 
me ?*' to which the other 
ed, <' I will, if yoa do n 
off." Lord Eglingtoutt th 
mounted and faid, that if 
his gun he could (hoot pre 
too; and immediately ca 
John Hazel, who was n« 
" John, brine; me my gonj 
zel accordingly went back 
coach in which the gan U 
giving it to Milltkio, 
^rvant, ordered him to i 
as fall as poffiblc to my Lon 
likin took the gun, but ii 
his office to take care of th 
and carry the ammuniti 
knew it was not charged ; h 
ed it, however, endeavoa 
charge it as he yrent along. 
In the mean time. Lord : 
t^'un advanced fome Sept 
Campbell, leading hia horfi 
hand, and many times defii 
to deliver up his gun, wbic 
often refufed; Lord £g| 
then dropped the bridle, 
Wilfon, being at haad, tc 
and continued to advance 
Campbell^ who Hill retired 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE, [jjj 

ockwvd >Dd femetimei attaclced Campbell, who had re- 

, bat alwa^i pointtng his covered hii le^, and endeavogred 

lardi Lord Eglingcoun. to fecare him i Campbell ftill flood 

is Lordlhip wa* thui ad- upoo his defeoce, and won td have 

or dodging, Campbdl wreded the gun fiom Millikin if 

E beg your pardon, my Bartleymore nad not run lo hia 

-<o which my Lord ie< affiftance: in the Jlrnggle thejr 

ell then, deliver me yonr gave Campbell feveral fevere blow*, 

■■pbell faid again, " I upon which Lord Eglingtoun calt- 

bn, my Lord, 1 will de- ed out "don't ofe him ill." When 

nil to no man, keep off, he wai fecured, one of die aiten- 

a I will flioot vou:" after danti carried faim up to my Lord* 

rtber altercation, which who was lying upin the ground t 

beard by any of the by- and my Lord looking at him, fatd. 

Bartleymore came np and " Campbell, 1 would not have OiK 

ir God'i fake, Mr. Camp- you," to which the unhappy wretcli 

iver up your gun to my made no reply. 
CO which Campbell replied Lord Eglingtoun wa* boma to 

I DM, for that he had a hi) coach, and in that carried back 

carry a gun ; Lord Eg- to hit houfe. Campbell having 

Cud, " yon may have a fab handi tied behind him, waa 

;arry i gun, but not upon carried prifoner to Salicoati : upoa 

la without ray liberty." his way thither he was alked what 

I replied, " f afk your hia gun wai charged with ? to 

' IM ftill continuing to which he replied, " it did not Gg. 

with the gun pointed to nify, as he had got as much at- 

lingtoan, and his thumb would do for him, if he was all the 

cock, he ftrock hia foot £arli in Scotland." He wu far- 

. fbne and fell backward, ther aOced if he waa not Ibny for 

•he force of the hXl, the what he had done? to which he 

op, and palSng the per- replied " No, for I woald yield 

u, pointed backwards, my gun to no man ; if it was to 

[lingtoun feeing him lie do. 1 would do it agatut for I 

ack, ftopped a little, and would rather part with ray lif« 

■cd his left foot, as if in. than my gun." 
» pifs by Campbell's feet ; The witneiTji all Teemed to agree, 

ck he THfed himfelf upon that during ihe altercation botk 

w, pointed the gun at my Lord and Campbell appeared 

lingtoun, and fired it into to be angry. Brown, the tide- 

ide of his body, not be- waiter, who was with Campbell* 

three yards diQant. ran away almoft as foon as Lord 

u dme Millikin was got Eglingtoun came up. 
boat twenty yards with About nine o'clock in the even- 

linginon's gon ; but Lord ing of the fama d.iy. Lord Egting- 

an having received the toun wai vilited by a furgeoo ; 

hia band upon the wonnd, when he entered the room, hia 

I few paces, and faid he Lordlhipi who was in bed, faid, I 

Millikiit tuOied fiirwatds, am glad to feo you, but yon can 




424] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

be of no nre to me now, it it all of the reTenne to begin «i 
over. Upon feirching the woand, ing the goodi, leaviag i 
the jbot ippeireJ to tuve entered wanlt to be tried wlwth 
the left fide, and torn the boweU have been joAly leixei 
in their pafTage to the tight, in a S^ly, It ii of no moment 
dreadful manner; Tome part haJ the prifoner wh or was no 
entered (he liver, and the belly Earl'i ground aihcn the | 
wat till! of exiravai'aied blood : hii demanded ; he had been i 
Lorolhip died a liitlc after twelve liarl'i ground immediitel) 
u'dock. under the Eul'i obiervat 

It wai urged in defence of the u it mud be prdumedt 
prifoner upon the trial, til, " ihat he wai there wit! 
the gun went off by accident, adiy. 
That fuppcAng it to have been 
tired with a» iniention to kill, 
the afl W3> juftifiaiU, being dur 
apon jull provocation, and in de- 
fence of property and life. And, 
jdly, Suppoting the fadnotjulU- 
fiible, it could not be murder, 
the homicide being tudJcn, 

daring an affray, and not from nnd to have hit body givea 
malice. Monro, profeflbr of anitt 

It was anfwcrrd, firll, that there be diiTefled ; but on the 



kill game if he hid fbai 
the Earl had the Ikmo i 
Icize hi) gun ni if he hai 
wiih him t>erore he left the j 
fu that the aA not being ja 
waa under thelie drcnai 
murder. 

He wai fentenced is b« 
on the iithday of April tlu 



It indubitable evidence of Cat 
betl't declaring an inttntion Co kill 
the Earl if he pLrJilled in the af 
tempt to feize hit gun. adjy. 
That the fajt, if iniiuthnai. waa 
not jnitiliahle, for iheCe rcaroni : 
ift. There wa» i>o provocation, 
nothing but wordi bring pretend- 
ed, and word) not bei^ig eltecmed 
provocation in law. adiy. The 
Earl h:td ■ right to feive the pri- 
loner'i gun; lor by net 13, pirl. 
1707, ii ii e. ,rc(ly t 



February, the day after I 
paiTed upon him, he hangt 
feir, by faAening a handkn 
the end ofa form which ho 
right for that purpofe. 



warrant From the pru 
the penal. y, am.'. 



.il pre 



the 



app' 



rhiiul-r 



»•»« C>f, i/ « Lttttf Jt 
Cammillit efibt Smffrttr, 
BM cf Right, It ibt H»* 
tbt CemmtHi littji tf . 
if Sttith Qartlimttt >■ At 
list LiHir fnm ibt J^i 
Stuib Carolina, t*KetrMmi 
Jfnpiitii la lb* Sttitlj »f 
luaJrtd Ptundi Sttrli^g, 

To di Hin. CtmmMi Htmfi 

jtmilj t/S*mlb CartSim 



in law, for all llaiuii.-) 
fwDggling authorize the < 



VV ciety, Supporten 
Biilo/ Righii, to I ' ' 




APPESbiX to the CHRONiCLEi '["J 

unki. for the very honour- tween taxition and reprefentaiioii 
fliatODy yon have at once i* iu neceflary cot.requence. Tbii 
f yowowti rcniimeitts, and conaexioa is now broken, and 
taxes are atiempced lo be levied 
both in England and America, by 
men who are ntit their Tefpedive 
reprefentativei. Our caufe is one-^ 
oar enemiei are the fame. We 
truft our conflancy and condoft 
will not diiTLT. Dcmandi, which 
are made withoac authority, fhoald 
be heard without obedience. 

In this, and in every other 
either 



approbation of their coa- 

« liune fpitit of n 

affifbnce, which diAated 
Me in oar favour, animate! 
ciety. We fliall ever con- 
le right! of all our fellow- 
thronghont the Britifti em- 
England, Scotland, Irelsnd, 
neriea, al ftonet of one arch, 

ch the happinefa and fecu- conftJiutional ftruggle 
(he whole are founded. Such fide of the Ailantic, we wiUi to 
have been our principle of be united with you, and are ns 
if the fyltcm of defpotifm, ready to give ai to receive affift. 
iti been adopted, had been ance: 

TtAilly conduced i and we ' We defire yon, gentlemen, to 
u readily have aflbciated in be perfuaded, that, under all onr 
leacc of yoor righu ai oar domenic grievancei and apprehen- 
ad they been feparately at- fions, the freedom of America it 
our particular attention ; and theft 
a Providence bai mercifully your pebiic x& and folemn engage- 
I to depraved hearts, weak ment, afford us a pleafmg prelagei 
andings ; the attack has and confirm onr hopci, that, when 
aade by the fame men, at luxury, mifnile, and corruption. 
Be line, on both' together, fhall at length, in fpite of all re- 
ill ferve only to draw as filtance, have deftroyed thig noble 
n one great band of mutual confliiution here, our poRericv 
lip ard fupport. will not, like your gallant ancei- 

lilA the Norman troopi of tors, be driven to an inhofpiiablA 
} Wiliiam kept the Englifh fhore, but will find a welcmne re- 
efiion, hi* Englilh foldiers fuge, where they may Hill enjoy 
the right* of Englifhmea amongft 
their fellow fubjrfb, the defcend- 
ant) and broiheri of Englifbrnen. 
We are, gentlemen. 

With the greatcft refpca. 
Your mod obedient fervanti 
and iScfliooate fellow- 
Signed fubjeeii, 
~ Chairman, 



mployed to fecure thi 
at the Normans. This ma- 
eat hat been too often rC' 
now to fitccecd. 
lere was a time when Scoi- 
boogh then a feparaie and 
I Daiton, could avoid the 

and rcfiifed, even under 
wnStDant, to rnflave their John Gly 

enemiei. The chiint. It 
England and Scotland dif- 
to forge for each other, 
d and America fhall never 

to fnrnilh. 

operty it the natural right 
iliind i the connexion be- 

xi;i. [^] 



JO.tNT,.V.NtON-.f • 
RoBtKT DeRKARD.-J 
JOJEPH MaWBEV, ( f 

Jam(sTdwn9end, r ^ 

JOHH SAWBRIOCti J 



[ Treafurctt. 



AbfiT»a 



226] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

AbflrM of an JS to regulate toe who have not ferved be infaf dcit. 

Trialscfcontro'ijertedEUiiionSfOr Members excofed (hall not be 

Returns of Members to ferve in deemed to have fenred; aadi 

Parliament* Members verifying other excnfes 



A^ 



their allegations are to be entered 

S the prefent mode of dccifion, and, if the Hoafe reiblve that the; 

upon petitions complaining are unable to ferve, they are wb 

of undue eledlions or returns of excufed : Inllead of whon. otkci 

Members to fcr^e in Parliament, are to be drawn to complete ih 

frequently obflruds public bufincfs ; number forty-nine. PetitioMi 

occaiions much cxpence, trouble, may name one, and fitting Mea 

and delay to the parties ; u de- bcrs another, who may for lik 

fe^ive, for want of thofe fanAions caufes be fet afide, or excufed, an 

and (blemnities which are eflabliih- others nnmed. The door of tk 

ed by law in other trials ; and is Houfe, that, during this bofioci 

attended with many oiher incon« of chufug by lot, wu kept locked 

venicncics ; for remedy thereof, it is then to be opened, and th 

is hereby enabled, that, after the Houfe may proceed on other boi 

prefent fcHion, on complaint of nefs. Lifts of the forty-nine ai 

undue eledtion or return, a preaife to be then given to the petitioncn 

time is to be fixed for confidering their Council, Agents, &c vk 

thereof. The Speaker is to give with the Clerk, are to withdni 

notice thereof, and order attend- and to flrike cff one altematd) 

ance ; but not within 14 days till the number be redoocd b 

after appointment of the Cora- thirteen. The Clerk, within on 

snittee of Privileges. The Houfe hour, is to deliver a lift of ibea 

may alter the time on like notice and they, wfth the nominees, ihil 

and order. The Serjeant at Arms, be fworn a fele^ Committee, tai 

before the reading of the orders of the Iloufe is to order them 10 nee 

the day, is to require the attend- in twenty-four hours. On the par 

ance of the Members, and at his ties witbrlrawitig, as aforefaid, tk 

rcc jri: the Iloufe is to be counted, Houic (liall corainue fitting; ao 

wli.cii ior want of a hundred Mem- the fifty-unc Members, fo cbofie 

bcrs is to adjourn, till a hundred be and nominated, (hall not deps) 

prefent. In preicncc of a hundred, the Houfe, till the time for il 

the petitioners, with tneir Council, meeting of the faid feleA Cm 

Agents, &c. arc to be ordered ti) miitec ftiali be £xed. Peduai 

the bar ; and then th^ names of all ers, 5cc. declaring that any Mei 

the Members of the Iloufe, arc to ber drawn is intended for a noB 

be put into fix boxes or ^laiTcs ; tj nee, and the Member confenti' 

be drawn alternately, and read by thereto, he is to fcrve as fac 

the Speaker, till lorty-nirc be and :inoiher i» to be drawn to fa 

drawn. \'oting Members at the ply his place ; but on neglect 

cle£lion, or complainants, arc to be noniiiKition, deficiencies are to 

fet aitde. All above fixty yearr: fupplicd by lot; leaving always, 

old are excufed, or thofe who have teen as a lelcd comniittce. Prevv 

ferved on a fcle A Committee in the to taking any fuch petition ii 

lame (eflion, unlef> the number confidcraiion, the Clerk is to ] 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. t"7 

Mtt of the Members dnwa thereon, ii to tbem ihall tetm 

bos or pircel and uceft the proper. Perfons dirobeying Aim- 

mod the Speaker ii to fell inoni, or p re vari eating, are to be 

Be, and accclt the making up reported to the Ch^iirman. Whea 

r ia hii prefence. The name* the Commiitee chafe to deliherace, 

mber* uodrawn may be read the room is to be cleared. Quef- 

Clerlc The Chairman ii to tiODi are to be determined by « 

eSed out at the Mimberi majority, the Chairman to have k 

by lot; aad. in cafe of cafting vote, and no determioaiioB 

y in eledton, the Member to laKe place ualefi ihirteea be 

awa to have a calling voice, prefcnt ; nor any Member to vote, 

'elect Commitree i> impo*- who has not attended every lilting. 

fend for perfooi, papers, The oath taken in the Houfe ia to 
cord>; to examine witnelfes, be adminiftered by the Clerk, nd 
termioe finally. The Houfe thofe before the felefl Committee 
poo it to confirm, or alter, by the Clerk. The peaalile; on 
turn ; or iflue a new writ for perjuty are extended thereto. Thu 

eJeOion. The (e\t& Com- act ia to coaiinue in force feven 

is not to adjourn for more years, and till the endof tne feSioA 

iwemy-four bouri, without of Parliament next after the expi- 

«ffd, if the Hoofe be then ration of the faid feveo year*, ud 

, bafiaeft it to be flayed, and no longer. 
. made for farther adjourn- 

Snoday or Chriftmas-day ""^ 

■iag are not to be deemed JiftreB *f ax Aa, fir thi iMUr 

td. A feled Committee-nan Prtjirvaiicii tf the Gemt, %oitbi» 

to abfent himfelf without thai Part tfGrtai Britmin i^iltJ 

nor the Commiitee to fit, till England. 
» have not leave, be met. 

ilarc of meeting within one ''p^HE game having of late bceo 

1 farther adjournment ii lo X mnch deftroyea at improper 
de, and reported with the feafoni, in that part of Great 
Thereof. Ttae Chairman, at Britain called England : Por re. 
ecting, is to report the ab- medying thereof, ie is hereby en* 
, who are directed to attend aAed, that if, after June 24, 1770, 
itting ) and cenfured or any perfon or per1on> Qiall wil- 
:d at difcietion, unlef* un- fully, upon any pretence whaifo- 
)1e abfence be proved. If ever, take, kill, or deOroy any 
1 do not attend, the Com- hare, pheafant, partridge, moor 
is to adjourn ; and if lefs game, heath game, or groufe, in 
X days, then it is to be dif- the night, between one hour afKr 
and another chofeo ; and fun-fetiing and one hour before 
noceedingi are to be void, fun-rifing i or .ufe any gun, dog, 
blntioni of ibe Committee, foare, net, or other engine tor 
:hMi the determination of lakiog, killing, or dellroying any 
iflt, nay be reported, and hare, phealant, &c, in the night ai 
nfe nay mak« fucti order aforefaid; and Ihall be convicted 

[^] 2 ihneof 



1 



aaS] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770^ 

thereof upon the oath or oaths of being conviAed thereof open th 
one or more credible wicnefs or oath of one or more credible wii- 
wicnefTes, before any one or more nefs or wxtnefTes, or by his or ber 
juHice or juftices of the peace, for own confeffion, before any iho or 
any county* riding, divifion or more jufticei of the peace for any 
place ; every fuch perfon (hall, for county, riding, divinoD. or place* 
the iirft offence, be imprifoned not (liall for the firft offence forfeit oot 
lefs than three months ; and, for lefs than zo 1. aid charges of an- 
other offence, not lefa than fix vidion ; or« till the penalty and 
months ; and for each to be pub- charges are paid, be commiaed to 
licly whipped. Offenders on Sun- gaol* for any time not exceedios 
day, ufing any gun or engine for twelve calendar months, nor left 
deflroying game, on conviSion are than Cix, or until the penalty nd 
to forfeit 20 1. to be levied by diftrefs charges (hall be paid. A peribo 
with charges, and to be applied to guilty of a fubfequent offience, it 
the informer and the poor. For to forfeit not lefs than 30 1. and 
want of fuch diflrcfs, the offender charges, to be paid to the inibmcr 
is to be committed for any time not and the poor ; and on ooD-piy- ^ 
exceeding fix calendar months, nor ment, to be imprifoned is moBthsi 
lefs than three. Perfons aggrieved and publicly whipped. Jafticesm 
nay appeal to the quarter-leffions, to grant warrants to fearch for dogi \ 
giving fourteen days notice to per- ffolcn or their flcini ; and the per* i 
fons complained againft. The juf- font, in whofe cuftody the dogior | 
tices are to hear, determine, and thsir (kins are fband, are liable 10 
award cofts; and their determina- like penalties. Perfons aggrieved 
tion is to be final, and not to be may appeal to the qaarter-leSou. 
removed by certiorari. j^^ourteen days notice of appeal irv 

to be given. Juftices are to bev» 

determine, and award cofts; tvi 

Ahfiraa of an aa for preventing their determination is to be iittli 

tht Stteding of Dogs. and net to be removed by certioi 

rari. 

THE pradice of dealing dogs 
having of late years greatly ■ ■ ■ 

incrcafcd: For remedy thereof, it J„ Ahftraa of tht Aa for regifitri^ 

IS hereby ^naftsrd, that froai and ,^^ p^^^., ^^ ^^;^^ Corn isM\% 

after ihc firft of May . 1 770. if any ^j,^ ^^.^^^/ Counties of GtM Bri- 

perfou Ihall fteal any dug or dogs, ,^/^^ ^„j ,^g 9namtitj exttrtti 

ot any kind or iort whatfoever, and imported. ^ ^ ' 
from (he owner or owners thereof, 

or from any perfon or perlbns in- JT has by fome fatality liappea- 

trulteJ by the owner or owners x ^d, that the preambles to Adi 

thereof with fuch dog or dogs; or of parliament, which were fonneriy 

fbail lelJ, buy, receive, harbour, of ^^reat ofe in explaining the rca- 

defdin, or keep, any dog or dogs, ions for pailing them, have of Ian 

of any kind or fort whaifoevcr, been very mucn ftiortencd, orwhol- 

kn(^ing tht- fame to have been ly omitted; the preamble to this 

^uleo ; every luch perfon, upon Ad only fuggefts, that a regiHer of 

tte 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. ["9 



vill be of public and general 
age ; for which realon the 
I uTihe peace for each county 
»t Briiain, are required, at 
qvaner feffioaif next afier 
19. annaally n direjl returm 
ude weckl/ of the pricei of 
rje* barley* rati) and beana, 
• many maiket-towni within 
cfpeAtte conaties, ai they 
■ink proper, sot being lei* 
vo, DOT more than (ix ; ani 
nai a proper perfon to fend 
le to a perfon to be appoint- 
rcceive them ; and in cafe 
trkn fiiall die, negled blf 
IT become incapable of per- 
{ it, any two jultices aCting 



:h the JDtticei may either 
fnch appoioimcQt, or chufe 

hia A&, the meal weigberi 
ity of London are to take an 
: ot the price* at the mar- 
ithin the laid city, and re- 
t aveiage weel<ly to the pcr- 
otnted 10 receive the fame, 
iailicet for each county Ih^ill 
Jfo a ftaadard ^yinche^e^ 
of eight gallon! 10 be kfpc 
' market town, from whence 
turni ihil[ be made; and 
lurnl Ihall be the average 
y the cuDotnary mealure of 
pedivemarket ; and alio by 
.ocheHrr bufhvl. 
Iii* AU the lord high trea- 
empowered lo appoii 



e then 



L the 



, and to enter them fairly 
ok kept for [hat purpole ; 
:xporti and impiTia of grain 
d into Great Britiin. with 
rti« paid and received there* 



on, to be tranfmitted annnilly lo 
th« GuDe perlbn, and regiAered ia 
proper books by the perfon ap- 
pfUDted to receive the returns of 
the price* flvm the ftveral cmin- 
tirs. 

Nq falary ii allotted by this Aft 
to the perion to be appointed at 
the treafnrjr. It ii to continue ia 
force for feven yean. 



Mftraa tf an JS, ta frtvtat Dt- 
lajii afJuftUi fy rrajim ff Privi- 
Ugi t/Parliimtm. 

IT it hereby enaAed. that from 
the 24th of June next, any per- 
fon may, at any time, commence 
and profecutc any aAion or foil in 
any court of record, or court of 
equity, or of admiralty, and in all 
caulej matrimonial and tcDamen- 
tiry, in any court having cogni- 
zance of caufu matrimonial ar.d 
teftameniary, againfi any Peer or 
ILord of parliameot of. Great Bri- 
tain, or agaialt any of the knightt, 
citizens, and burgejTei, and the 
commiflioneri for fhirci and bur^ha 
of the boute oF common* of Gieat 
Britain, or againft their menial or 
oiher fervant), or any other perion 
intitlcd to the privilege Ot parlia- 
ment of Great Britain ; and nu lucb 
afiioD, fuit, or any other piocefi or 
pfoceedin^ thereupon, fhiilt at any 
time be impeached, ftayed, or de- 
layed, by or under cobur or pre- 
unce of any privilege of patlia- 

It i« neverihelefi provided, that 
ootbing in this aft Ihall emend, to 
fubjefl the pttlon of any of the 
mcmoer* of the houfe of cammo:ti, 
to be Birelted or impriloueil upon 
any fuch fuit or proceeding; but 
whether by oeglcA or difi^n, nu. 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [131 

ciag biai oat, dnggei him Hreeu every piece of china ud 



grouad over Hones and 
U, ftruck him with their 
ii clobi, kicked him. and 
fpyioed at him, and treat- 
with every poflible mark 
^mpt mad cruelty ; till at 

by a violent effort 



glafi ware in the houfe, fcatlered 
all his papers and booki in the 
windj, feized all hi) ptatc. cafh, 
and proclamation money ; entered 
hit cellar, and gorging their Ra- 
macbi with hii liquors, Aove and 
threw in [he ftreeti the remainder; 
and aflivity, he refcued being now drunk with rage, liquor, 
rcilefi clawt, ar.d laMlefi fury, they took hii 
wearing cloaiha, flack them on a 
pole, paraded them in triumph 
through the Ilreetf, and to ctoTe 
the Icene, pulled down and laid 
his hcufe in ruins. Hunter and 
fijtier, two of the chiefs, iMp- 
ping in buf, and beginning the 



c flidter in a houfe 

purfDed him there, and 
1 a Aroke that will proba- 
cy one of his eyes: in this 
ind grievoufly maimed con- 
ey left him for a while, re- 
10 the court houre, knock- 

, and very croelly treated heroic deed, 

nty clerk of the crown, They then went to a large hand- 

ihe bench, Ihock their fame church bcM, that Colonel Fan- 

rer J-idge Henderfon, told ning, at the expetice of 60 or 70 1. 

turn was next, ordered had made a prel'eac of to the church 

wrfue baGners, but in the of Hilllborough, and fplit it to 

hey fhould prefcribe, which pieces, and were at the point of 

t no lawyers fltould enter pulling down the chorch, but their 

•honfe, no juries but what leaders, thinking it would betray 

lid pack, and order new their religious principle, rcllrain- 

cafcs where fbmc of them ed ihem. Their revenge being not 

caft for their maleprafti- yet latiaied on ihis UTwiappy geti. 

7 then feized Mr. Hooper, tlcman, they again putfucJ mm, 

nan of the Uw, dragged ag^m (.ruelly beat him, and ac 

ledbim through the ftreets, length with doga hunted lum out 

mI him with every mark of of town, and with a cmeliy more 
'1 bit>od hounds, fl .ncd 



lofed the grfl day. But 
d day prerenied a fcene, 
!, more tragic; immedia- 
iheir difcovcring that the 
d made his elcape from 
', and refufcd to fubmit 
Ute of lawlel) and del pe- 
, they marched ii ■ body 
1 Fanning's houfe, and on 
iveo by their ringleaders, 
tc fame, dellroyed every 
arniiure in it, ript open 



broke and threw in the places. 



htm iiS he n.-d. 

Wncn incy had fully g:uiied 
their revenge on the Uy-.)CTi, and 
particularly Colonel Panning, ca 
(hew their upinion ol tnurts i.tjul- 
tice, they to-.k irom his cnain; a 
negrue that hid been ctecuted (ome 
lime, and placed him ai ine law. 
yer'i bar, and liUca the Judge's 
feat with human e<icreiiii'iH. m 
derifion and contempt ol ih^- cna- 
adrrs ihu hll tbofc relpiciabte 



ft^al ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



The Lord Mayor* s ^eries in Refpe3 
to the Legality ofPrej's Warrants. 

COPY. 



are liable ; andytherefore^ >ltbo«gh 
we do not think that the Lord 
Mayor is compellable to back tke 
warrants, or liable to any paoiik- 

TTT?Dv miT u T J f "^"^ *" "fe of his retoUl. »• 
UERY 1. May the Lords of ^Xx\n]L \t ri.ht to fabmii it lo bit 



the Admiralty of themfelves, LordOiip's confid 
Dy virtue or iheir commiUi ^n, or 
under the diredlion of the Privy 
Council, legally iflfae warrants tor 
the impreflirj^ of Teamen ? 

Q^ 2. If yea, is the warrant an- 
nexed in point of form legal ? 



fideration, whetker 
it will not be more coadacive to tha 
prefer vation of the peace of the 6x1% 
and the protedlioo of the fobjdft 
from oppreifion, if he conforms ia 
this inHance to what we anderftanl 
to have been the praQice of aot 



i?t?* ^' u*'^ ^?'i ^^^""^ ''''"'r o^" i^»^ predeceiTors upon the like 
peliable to back fuch warrants ; if o^raiion 



he is, what may be the confeq[ucnce 
of A refufal ? 

** The power of the crown to 
compel perfons parfuing the em- 
ployment and occupation of Sea- 
men to ferve the public in times 
of danger and neceflity, which has 
its foundation in that univerfal 
principle of the laws of all coun- 
tries, that all private interefl muft 
give way to the public fafety, 
appears to us to be well eilablifhed 
by ancient and long continued 
ufage, frequently recognized ; and 
in many indances regulated by the 
Icgiflature, and noticed at lead Wf^ y®"*" Majcfly's moft dad- 
without cenfurc by courts of juf- VV ful, loyal, and afFedioute 



Al. WEDDEaBUa'i 

J. Glynn, 
J. Dunning. 

Nov. 22, 1770. 

To the KING'S moft £xcelkiC 
MajeAy. 

The buinble Addrtfs of tbi Urd 
Mayor t Sheriffs, Commons , «W 
Citizins of the City of DnUa, it 
Common Conncil aj^tmhied. 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 



tice; and we fee no objedlion to 
tnis power being exerciicd by the 
Lords of the Admiralty under the 
authority of his Majwily's orders 
in council. 

*' The form of the warrant, as 
well as the manner in which fuch 
warrants have been ufually exe- 
cuted, appear to us to be liable 
to many confiderable objedions ; 
lead us to think it the more expe- 
dient, tl)at the authority of a civil 
magiftrate (hould intcrpofc in the 
execution of them to check and 






fubje^ls, the Lord Mayor. Sherifii 
Commcns, and Citizens of yctf 
faithful city of Duulin, in coD- 
mon- council animbied, beg leave 
humbly to approach your Majefty 
with the molt fmcere afliirance of 
our Heady attachment to your Mi- 
jeily's illullrious perfon and family* 
and uur ardent v^ilhes that yoor 
rcigi over us may be long, and 
as tranfcendcntly diliinguilhed ai 
your virtues. 

Emboldened by our experience 
of that attention which your Ma- 



poQtroul the abufes to which they jelly alFoids to every pari of your 

fnbje&i 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [23} 



, pennit ai, mofi grzcioiu 

icpitfcat, at the foot of 
aoae, that for fome defefli 
prdent law relaiive to corn, 
itid otker seceflarie) of life, 
Uki afieAing the police of 
y, and from the expiration 
r^ icmporary Ratates, a G- 

ia which we moll huml^ly 
-e we can only be lelierea 
meeting of Parliament, jroar 
1 fubjedi of thi* metropolis 
nee many and great diScal- 
id apprehend yet greater. 
Ion, mottgracioni Sovereign, 
e prcTaiDe fortber to fobmit 
1 parental goodnefi, that 

public work', neccflary to 
mmerce of tbii city, which 
«gun and promoted by na- 
bouniy, muit be indebted to 
d bounty for their comple- 

and that yoar fubjcAg of 
netropolii. who, by large 
ationi of the manafaduiei 
eat Britain, have provided 
leir domeftic GonfiuDptioQ, 



whith in every alternate year io- 
crcafes in proportion to the nam- 
ber aflfembled for national bufind*, 
do already feel a decay of their 
trade and credit, even from a tern* 
porary decreafe of inhabitant*. 

Grateful for the many bleflinga 
derived lo ua from yoar Majefty'a 
parental affefiion, and confcioaa 
that relieving the wanli of your 
people facceedt to the knowledge 
of them, we prefnme to incrnde 
our care* Dpon your Majefly'a 
more weighty concern* ; and hom- 
bly befeech your Majefty to talcs 
thefe onr circumftancei into your 
Royal coofideracion, and to grant 
ni fuch relief ai yoor Maje% 
in yoor Royal wifdoia fball think 
fit. 

In teftitnony whereof we have 
caofed the common feal of 
the faid city lo be hereunto 
affixed, thii twenty-ninth day 
of Odober, in the year of oor 
Lord One thoofand fcrcn 
bundred and fevcniy. 



^34] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



SUPPLIES granted by Parliament, f< 

the Year 1770. 



January 25, 1770. 
1. ' I ^ HAT a number of Und-forces> loclodiDg 
It one thoufand five hundred and twenty-two 
invalids, amounting to feventeen thoufand fix hun« 
dred and lixty-Ox effective men, commiffion and non- 
com miffion officers ihcludedy be emfdoyed for the 
year 1770. 

2. For defraying the charge of this number of 
cffe^ive men, for guards, garrifons. and other of his 
Majedy's land forces, in Great Britain, Jcrfey, and 
Guemfcy, for the year 1770 — — — — . 62499a 

3. For maintaining his Majedy's forces and garri« 
ions in the plantations and Africa, including thofe 
in garrifon at Minorca and Gibraltar, and for pro* 
vifions for the forces in Norih America, Nova Sco- 
tia, Newfoundland, Gibraltar^ the ceded iAands, and 

Africa, for the year 1770 — — — — 38324S I I 

4. For defraying ihe charge of the diiFerence of 
pay between the Britifh and Irifh ellabliihrneot of 
£ve battalions and four companies of foot, ferving 
in the Idc of Man, at Gibraltar, Minorca, and the 

ceded iflands, for the year 1770 — — — 4533 >* 

5. For the pay of the general and general ftalF- 

ofliccrs in Great Britain for the year 1770 12203 l8 

6. For defraying the charge of full pay, for 3^5 
days, for the year i77o> to oiHcers reduced, with the 
tenth company of feveral battalions reduced from ten 
to nine companies, and who remained on half- pay 

at the 24th day of December, 1765 45 '3 *^ 

7. For the paying of pcnfions to the widows of 
fuch reduced officers of )ii:> Maje(ly*s land-forces and 
marines, 9s died upon the cflablilhmcnt of half-pay 
in Great Britain, and were married to them before 

the 25ih day of December, 1716, for the vear 1770 664 o 

8. Up^^n account of the reduced oucers of his 

xnijefty's land-forces and marines, for the yev 177^ * 23233 a 

9. For defraying the charge for allovvanccb 10 the 
feveral cfiicers and privrite gentlemen of the luo 
troops of hjrfe -guards reduced, a::d to the fupcr.ia- 

DIU 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [135 

^ntlemea of the four troop of horfe- gaards, 

Kelt 1770 1189 I J 

or tile charge of the office of ordnance, for 

rice, for the year 1770 — — ■■ 16698^11 j 

'or defrajiing the exp^nces of fervicei pcr> 

bf the office of ordnaoce. for laad-fervice, 

ptOTided fbrby parliameat ia 1769 — — 40933 10 8 



Frs 



1362555 15 ,0 



i6,coo iDCD be employed for the fea-ferwice, 

ear 1773, including 4187 marinci. And 

ifam, oot exceeding 4I. per man per month, 

ed for maintaining ihe faid 16,000 men, for 

h), including ordnauce for fet'lervice — 831000 o o 

FB BR. U A R Y 6. 

r tbe ordinary of the navy, including half- 

a and marine officers, for the year 1770 406380 13 11 

wards the building), and rtbuildii^s, and 

•f ihipi of war in bis Majefty's yaidi, and 

:ta worki, over and above what are propofed 

le upon the headi of wear and tear and ordt- 

• the year 1770 ^— ^ ^— 183687 o o 

FEBauARY IS- 
«ardi defraying the extraordinary expencn 
lajefty't land forcei, and other fervice*, in- 

the z6th oay of December, 1769, and not 

fer by parliament — — -: 2j^26^ 10 9} 

H Account, toward] defraying the charge of 
ancn of Chdfca-borpital, for [he year 1770 112423 4 7 

1869755 9 3i 



Feb 



■ defraying the expence* of 
Jtiabhlhment of hij Majefty's colony of Weft- 
and other incidental expences attending the 
m the i^ih of June, 1769, to the Z4ih of 

in account, for defraying the expence* of 
.'fiabliOiment of hit Majelty'i colony of Eaft- 
and other incidental expencei attending tbe 
m the 14th of June, 1769, to the i4ih of 

■a account, for defraying the charges of the 
ililhment of hit Majelly's colony of Georgia, 
- incidental expcnccs attending tbe fame, 
14th of JunC) 1769^ to tbe a^th of Jane. 



3086 



. Upo* 



63^] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1776. 

4. Upon account, for maintainioe and fappertiog 
tiie civil ^(lablifiimeDt of bis Majeft3rs colooy of Noirm 

Scotia •for the year 1770 » ■ . *«^-« ^^3^ C 

5. Vp^t^ atcounc, for defraying the expeneet at- 
tending general furveys of his Majefty's dominions ia 

Horth America^ for the year 1770 ■ t ■ 1885 ^ 

18760 ^ 



t. That proviiion be made for the pay and eloath- 
ing of the militia, and for their fubiiltence doring 
the time they (hall be abfent from home, on account 
bf the annual exercife, for the year 1770 

March i2. 

i. On account, for defraying the charges of the 
fciVil government of Senegambia, for the year 1770 5550 c 

2; For paying off and difcharging the Exchequer- 
I)i1l8 made oUt by virtue of an ad, pafTed in the laft 
Ibffiori of parliament, intituled, * An a£l for raiting a 
tertain fum of money, by loans or Exchequer-bills, 
for the fefvice of the year 1769,' and charged upon 
the firil aids to be granted in this fefllon of parlia- 

inent i— — — — 18000C0 c 

March 1%, 

To be employed in maintaining and fupporting 
the Britifh forts and Icttlemcnts on the coail of Ami* 
ca, nnder the direction of the committee of a com- 
pany of merchants trading to Africa s r 13000 

M A R c H 1 9. 
To enable his Majelty to aifill the inhabitants of 
the ifland of Barbadoes, in defraying the expence of 
cleanfing the channel, repairing the mole, and ren- 
dering the harbour there more iafe and commodious 5000 t 

1823550 < 



March 29. 

t. To make good to his Majefty, the like fum» 
which has been iifued by his Majelly's orders, in pul*- 
fuance of the audrelTes of this houle ■ 13100 < 

t. Towards enabling the trullees of the Britilh 
Mufeum to carry 011 the execution of the trull repofed 
in them by parliament — -*- — .— — ■ aoco < 

3. Totvards carrying on and completing an addi- 
tional building, for a more commodious paffage to 
the hoafe of commons, from St. Marg:irei*s-lanc, and 
Old PaUce-yard — — — - — — *oco < 




APPENPIX to the CHRONICLE, [tjj 

ApuiL lo. 

■CCDUti to en»l>U hii MijeSr to dikh»Tg» 
u amag npoa the forfeited eflites in Scot- 
nd alio for paying aod difcharging the price] 
a be paid to the Lordi fnpeHort, for the par- 

tke faperioritiet of, and likewife for iheir 
f propertv to certain fpecified eftiitei ivhtch 
feited in tnat kiagdoai ^■~- -- 7>ooo q g 

:ptace to the liaking fiind the like faqi paid 
lebme, to make good the deficiency on tl)e 

of July, 1769. of the fund eflibliftied for 
tanaiciei, in refpcA of five millions borrow^ 
vinne of an ad of the 31(1 Geor^ II. to- 
le Apply granted for the fervice of the year 

ake good the de£cicncy of the grant* for the 

^ — — -^ S^l'i 7 si 



i^fS? la jl 



Apkii 



190S7S o ij 



Afcharge foch uofaiiified claiini and de- " 

for expencet incorrcd during the late war in 
y, at appear to be doc to the Landgrave of 
:a£el, by the report* of the commiffioneti ap- 

by hii majelly, for examining and Rating 
iin I and demand* ■ ■■' ■' -■ 45565 IX Q 

> be advanced to the governor and coinpany ■ » ■ 

merchant* of England, trading 10 the Levant 

be applied in aSifling the (aid company in 

; 00 that trade : 5000 O • 

toa account, to enable the Foandling-hofpitil 
tain and educate foch children as were re- 
into the faid hofpiul on or befare the ajth 

March, 1760, front the 31A of December, 
iclafive, to the 31II day of December 1770, 
:; and that the faid fuoi be ilTued and paid, 
]le of the faid hofpital, without fee or rewardi 
kduAion wbatfoever —- —.. 9659 9 o 

€ .enabling the faid hofpital to put ont ap- 

the faid children, fo ai the faid hofpital do 
: yith one cbjld more than 7 1, ■ -■ 3500 o o 



63715 11 



lat the fum of one miliion fire Iiundred thou- 
aadt capital ftock of annoitiei, after tke rats 



ftjS] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 

ofthree pounds ten (liillings per centam, eftabliihed 
by an a^ made in the 29th year of the reiga of jiit 
late Majefty king George the fecond, iatitiilcd« ' Aq 
a£i for granting to his Majefty the fun of two millU 
ons, to be raifed by way of anaaities and a lotteiy, 
and charged on the finking fund, redeemable by par- 
liament, and for extending to Ireland the laws made 
in this kingdom againil private and unlawful lotte* 
ncs,* be redeemed and paid off on the lath day of 
February next, after difcharging the incereft thea ' 
payable in refpeA of the fame. 

2. To enable his Majefty to redeem and pay off dbe 

&id capital ftock of annuities ^ ■■ — — 1500000 

3. To pay the benefit prizes ia the prefent lottery, 

charged upon the fuppltes of the current year *— 500000 

May 3. 

1 . Upon account of the expences of the new roads 
of communicKtion, and building bridges, in the high- 
lands of North-Britain, in the year 1770 6998 lo 

2. Towards paying off and difcharging the debt 

ofthenaTy — — - ■ '— looooo c 

May 8. 

X. To enable his Majefty to make compenfation to 
Francis Dalby, of London, merchant, for the da- 
mages which the faid Francis Dalby hath fuffiered, by 
the ftoppage and lofs of his fhip, called the Britan- 
nia, at Mahon, by order of the late admiral Mat- 
thews, and by the ufe, employment, and detainer, 
of his (hip called the Francis, by order of the com- 
manders of his Majefty's fleets ■ 6195 I 

2. To enable his Majefty to make good the like 
fum, which has been paid to feveral perfons in the 
county of Southampton, as a compenfation, and in 
full . fatisfadlion of their loffes and expences, incur- 
red purfuant to feveral orders of council, for pre- 
venting the fpreading of the infectious diftemper 
among the horned cattle ■ ■ ■ ■ 795 • 



May II. 



2113990 ( 



i.To be advanced to John Hatfcll, Efq; clerk 
of this hottfe, towards defraying the expence of 
printing the journal of this houfe, from the end of 
the'laft felfion of parliament to the end of this pre- 
fent fellion, with a proper index thereto ■ ■ g^o < 

2. To be advanced to fuch perfon or perfons as 
the fpeaker of this houfe ihall authorize to receive 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE [139 

!, towardi further defraying tbe expeoce of 

a general iadex lo the journaii of tbh hoofe joo o o 

Mat 16. 
rdt defraying the expeace of printing t>ne 
1 two hnndrea and fifty copiri of fuch parlia- 

and other recordi, as hit Majefty Ihall thinlc 



al of the fnpplie* granted this feOion — 



kJ MtoKi far rai/iHg lit frayed out of the monies arifing 

Smpftj gramttJ la bit Ma- by [he land-tax graoicd for the 

agrttd i» wr tb* felmuing fcrvice of the year 1 770. 

. v/K. 13. That towards railing ib« 
fuppiy granted to hit majefty, the 

AMDAtr 39, 1770. ftim of ifSoOjOcwl. be raifed, bf 

AT the dutiei apon malt, loans or exchetjuer-biili to be 

num, cyder, and perry, be charged apon the Grft aids to be 

ed from the ajd of June granted in the next fcflioD of par- 

the Z4lh of June 17711 liament; and fuch exchequer- bil It. 
irged upon all malt whi<:h if not difcharged, wiLh iuureft 
: made, and all mum which ihEreupan, on or before the {tb 

1 Bade or imported, and day ot April, 1771, to be ex- 
■X and perry which Ihall be changed, and received in payment, 
IT fale within the kingdom in fuch manner at exchequer- bill* 
t Britain, 700,000!. have ufually been exchanged and 

FeaauAtr 8. received in payment. 

the fnm of jt. In the 29. That toivardi railing ihs 

and no more, be raifed, fnpply granted to hit MoyOif, 

Jte fpce of one year, from there be ilfucd and applied the 

tb day of March, 1770, fum of 299.375 1. 61. 6^d, re- 

andi, tenemenit, heredita- malniBg in ihe eichctjue.-, on the 

penfiont, offices, and per- 5ih day of January, 1770, fiir 

Uiej, in that part of Great the di.poCtic.-i cf psiHaoicnt, of 

calkdEngland, Walei. and the m^-nlet which had thira aril^n 

n of Berwick upon Twrcd ; of tb; forpluiTci, cxcenV.', or m-er- 

t a proportionable cefi, ac- p'us mcnxt, and other fcvecuei, 

to the ninth article cf :he c; npcfirg tiic fi:r.d, Coa\:zt,D\f 

tf union, be laid upon thai called the fiskirg fui'j. 

Great Briuin, called Scot- A p « : l 9. 

.528,5681.1111^1. . That (he /urn of -40fl,'y;-; 1, 

Ma«CH 3. whJis, hy £.T ia ma tie in r .- lajl 

the charge ol the pay and kC-na oJ fariiair.-jr.t. in:;-!.;-*!, 

g of the miliua, in that ' An a£t f^r cairvi-.g in'<> c-eLU. 

Great Britain calleJ Lr.g- tioa cer.ii:. ;ri:,pi-,;i:i c.a > i,;- the 

If one year, beginning ;r,e i-»ii.ir.;.(4 c^mp^.^y. ',■ • ir.e t,i/. 

t/ of March, 1770, be dc- Cit;::c/tie a-ir.jal lu::. of !,'y^^'^.\. 



J4o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1776. 

for a limited time, in refpofl to 6. That, towards makiaff pot 

the territorial acquifitions and re- the fupply granted to his Mijt&j, 

venues lately obtained in the £a(l- there be applied the fum of thir- 

Indies,* is diref^ed to be paid» teen thousand five hoodrcd and 

within the prcfent year, into the ninety-fix pounds, Ave flulliogi, 

receipt of his Majeily's exchequer, and ten pence half-penny, re* 

liy the faid company, be applied maining in the receipt of th^ «• 

cowards making ^ood the luppiy chequer, on the cth day of Aprils 

granted to hii Majclty. 1770, for the difpoBtion of Par- 

Apkil 12. liamcnt, over and above the ftr* 

1. That the bounties granted plus of the finking fund then ic- 
on the Biiti'li and Iriih linens ex- maing for the fame purpofe. 
ported, by an afl made in the 20. That the fum of one mil- 
291 h year ot the reign of his late lion five hundred thonfand poundf, 
Majcfty, be continued. capital flock of annuities, after 

2. That the duties on the im- the rate of three pounds ten ihiU 
portation of foreign raw .linen lings per centum, cAablifhcd hj 
yarn made of flax, which are an a^ made in the 29th year oiF 
taken off by the faid adl, be fur- the reign of his late Majefty Kiag 
ther difcontinued. George the fecund, intituled, ' Ah 

3. That a bounty be allowed on aft for grantin|t to his Majefty ik0 
the exportation of Britifh chequed fum of two millions, to be raiM 
and ilriped linens. And, by way of annuities and a lotterTt 

4. That the fum of fifteen thou- and charged on the (inking fiinJi 
fand pounds, granted by an n^ redeemable by parliament, ind 
pafled in the fevcnth year of his for extending to Ireland the liwi 
prefent Majelly's rci^n, intituled, made in this kingdom againft pri- 
* An afl for granting to his Ma- vate and unlawful lotteries,' »ill 
jcHy additional ciuticj on certain be redeemed and paid off on the 
foreign linens imported into this izth day of February next, after 
kingdom, and fur ellablifhiRg a discharging the interell then paf* 
fund for the encouraging ci the able in iclpei^l of the fame, ag^ce- 
rniling and dreiiin;; of hem;^ arid able to tiic claufcs and puwcri flf 
flax,* be appropriated.— A bill or redLniptioa contained ' in the biii 
l)ilh were ordered to be brought in adt. 

upon the faid reriiutiun*. That any pcrfjn or porfons, bs* 

^. That, towards making good dies pv)!iiic and corporate, who, 

the fupply granted to his TvLijclly, beinj^ rtofltflcd of, or i milled to, 

tl:ere be applied the fum of fcven annuities afier the rate cf fotf 

hur.dred ind Icvci.ty-threc thou- pou- ds p-r centum, which were 

f.tnd tw > hu'idred ;in(i ffiriy prunj<, con (olid;, if d by an r.cl ci the ftcood 

fixtcen ihil!in::s an>i cmc half per., of his prefent Mdjeily, (hall, M 

ny ; bcinp tJi«* iurjlus of tiie pro- or before the fevcnth day of May 

duce of the I'lnkii.L; fund, frr the next, in hocks to be cpened at 

quarter ended the 5th <i.(y of the b.mk oi I'n^land for that pu* 

April, 1770, nmaini'ii; in the pote, lubfcribe their names, cf 

Exchequer, !or the dllj^cfition of li-'nify their confent to accept, is 

parliament. livu th^iccf', annuities liter tb« 

rate 



|NDIX to the CHRONICLE. [14.1J 

■ per cenium. or rhe firll d»y of March, I77li71 

I the J th day of or as fooa after *i ccriilicatet can 

I, 1770, and (□ be added be prepared, wiihout any dcduc> 

make ooe joint flock with, lion whatfoever ; and that every 

■nnuitict confolidaicd by pcrfon pofTclTcd of, and holding. 

of the 15th of George the fuch receipts, as afotefaid, who 

and fcTcral fubfequent aft) Ihall pay in the whole of the mo- 

ameoi, (hall, for rvery one ncy ta be paid on each tickec, on 

I DOuadi of capital Hock fo or before the i^ch day of Augult 

te, until the fcveral fumi next, fhall be allowed an intcreA, 

ed ihall amount together by way of difcouni, after ihj rate 

ntlliont live hundred thou- of three pounds per centum per 

indt, be intitlcd to receive annntn on the fumi fo completing 

bcu in a lottery, to COnUft his payments, refpeflively, to be 



llKKifaad tickets, at the 
buftcen pounds each ; and 
try (ijch fublcriber, in can- 
al flF (fucb fobfcripiion, 
im > receipt frnm ibe 
of tin Bank of Kngland 
' pooodt, in part fut the 
teen pounds for each ticket 
t fucb fubfcriber fhall be 
; ud Ihall pay. for and 
a of every fuch ticket, t!ie 
«ae pound, 
1 day of June 



puted from the day of com- 
pleting the fame to the 25111 day of 
September next. 

That in cafe the full and intire 
Turn of two millioni live hundreil 
thoufaiid pounds, in the faid four 
pounds per cenium aanuities, ffaall 
not have been fobfcribed on, or 
before, the 7th day of May next j 
and that, in confequence thereof, 
any number of licketj, in the faid 
before lottery, ihall remain unfubfcribed 
the for; any perfon or perfon, 



1 of two pounds, on or at liberty to contribute for the pur- 
be aoth day of July next ; chafe of fuch remaining ticketi, 
a fun of three pouuds, od at the rate of fourteen pounds for 
tlMtilldiyof Augullncxi; each ticket, in the manner herein 
'nriherfum of four pounds, after mentioned; that is to fay, 
fate the 15th day of Sep. every fuch contributor or contri- 
mti that, upon fuch pay- buton to make a depofit of four 
lieiiif completed, iicketi pounds, for and in refpcA ot fuch 
delircred, as foon as the ticket, on or before the loih day 
I bt peeparcd, to the per- of May neat, as a fecuiity for 
iiD{ ind polfclTed af the msking good his or their fntare 
bcrdobefbre dircded to payments; the further funi of oae 

by the ctlhieri of the pound on or before the i;ih day 

CsgUad to the feveral fub. of June next; the further fum of 

■• afercfaid ; the fum of two pounds, on or before (he loih 

f«d ihoufand pouodi Ihall day of July next ; the further fum 

med iniD prizet, for ihe of three pounds, on or before ibit 

( tfct proprietor* of the aid day of Augull next ; and ih« 

tickcti In the faid lottery; further fum of four pounds, on or 

Ml Hull be paid 11 the before the 15th day of September 

Boglaad, in money, to next; liclctta to be dclitctcd, oa 

— > Bpog denud, foon u th« tuu caa be ptrpucd. 



i^2] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



to fuch contributor or contributors, 
upon his or their completing their 
paynaents ; and that every contri- 
Dutor who (hall pay in the whole 
of the money to be paid on each 
ticket, on or before the 17th day 
of Augud next, (hall be allowed 
an intereft, by way of difcount, 
after the rate of three pounds per 
centum per annum, on the fums 
fo completing his payments re- 
fpedlively, to be computed from 
the day of completing the fame to 
the 20th day of September next. 
And, 

nrhit all the monies that (hall 
be rcrceived by the caOiiers of the 
Bank, for or on account of the 
whole of the faid fifty thou fa nd 
tickets, (Hall be paid into the re- 
ceipt of bis Majclly's exchequer, 
to be applied, from time to time, 
to fuch fervices as (hall then have 
been voted by this houfe, and not 
otherwife; and that the fum of 
five hundred thoufand pounds, 
hereinbefore direded to be diftri- 
buted into prizes, for the benefit 
of the proprietors of the fortunate 
tickets in the faid lottery, (hall be 
charged upon the aids and I'up- 
pliet granted in this feffion of par- 
liament^ for tht fervice of the year 
1770. 

May 3. 

1. That, towards raifing the 
fupply granted to his Mnjefly, 
there be ifTued and applied the Turn 
of one million feven hundred thou- 
fand pounds, out of fuch monies 
au Ihail or may aril'e of the fur- 
plufles, excelTes, or overplus mo* 
nies, and other revenues compof- 
ing the finking fund. 

2. That the fum of fifrr-fivc 
thoufand four hundred and ninety- 
five pounds fifteen (hillings eight- 
pence farching, remaining in the 
•Ace of the i'aymafter-general of 



his Majedy's forces, fubjeA to tk 
difpofition of parliament, be n- 
plied towards making ^ood the 
fupply granted to his Majefty, to- 
wards defraying the extraordinary 
expences of his Majefljr'i laad 
forces, and other fernces inc«Tcd« 
to the a6th dajr of Deoeabcr, 
1769, and not profided lor by 
parliament* 

3. That a fam not execditt 

twenty thoufand poaadsi ott M 

fuch monies as Hull be paid iam 

the receipt of the exchequtr. afiff 

the 4th day of April. 177O9 aid 

on or before the 5 th day ef April, 

1 77 1 , of the produce of all cr my 

of the duties and revennes, which, 

by iny a6l or a£ts of parliancar, 

have been dire£led to be rcfiertcd 

for the difpo(itioQ of parliaoMit, 

towards defraying the Modbry 

expences of defending, prowAiaf 

and fecuring the Bridfii cohmict 

and plantations, in America, bt 

applied towards making good foch 

part of the fupply as hath beet 

granted to his Majefty. for ntti* 

taining his Majefty's Ibrcn ni 

garrifons in the plaotatioaa, ai' 

for provi(ions for the forces U 

North - A mer ica. Nova Scodii 

Newfoundland, and the ceded 

iflands, for the year 1770* And, 

4. That fuch of the monies u 
(hall be paid into the receipt of 
the exchequer, after the 4tli day 
of April, 1770, and on or befiRt 
the 5th day of April, 177I0 of 
the produce of the datiea cha^pi 
by an aA of parliameiit» made ia 
the 5 th year of his picfoat Ma- 
jelly's reign, upon the importanoa 
and exportation of gum-feocct aid 
gum-arabic, be applied towards 
makii.^ good the fupply (raaiid 
to his Majcfty. 

5. That the duties noir payahh 
upon the importation iato this 

kingdoa 




APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [s« 

Ion of ImS or ftrair, chip, pijr the faid old fnbfidy, according 

Mid karTe-hair hiti and bon- to tlie rate and value of fix fhilliDgi 

mad VBOB ceriiin material* and eight-pence ibr cveiy pooad 

■fcin| ne faaw, do ceafe, de- weight Avoirdupoi*. 
■c, and be no Ioomt paid. That the full amonat oF the fe- 

M, in lien of all Airmer ratei reral daties. now payable for every 

ladeit ail baft or flraw, chip, twenty Ihillingt of the value of thm 

and horfe-kair hat* and bon- laid good* rerpcAively, be raifed 

which from and after the and colle3cd, according to the faid 

day of JuDc, 1770, thall be refpeaive rate* befbre'inemioned. 

ted inio thi* Idagdom, fhall And, 

ted to, and pay, ue old fab- That a rom not exceeding 

panted fay Uie aft trf" tonnage three thoufaod nine hundred fony- 

MModage, made io the twelfth eight ponodi, throe IhilliDgi and 

if the reign of King Charle* feven pence, being the final ba- 

condi according to the rate* lance of rhe accoaat of Thomaa 

lino of twelve fliillingi and. Barl of KinDoall, formerly Pay> 

Bce for every dozen, each hat matter-general of hi* Majefty'* 

anct not exceeding twenty- fbrcci, fubj^A to the difpoiition of 

icha in diameter ; and o:ie parliament, be applied toward* 

. ire Ihillingt for everv dozen making gito.-l the fupply granted 

h hat* or bonnet* a* Ihill ex- to hi* Majefty, toward* defraying 

wcnty-two inche* in diameter the rxtraordinsry expence* of hi« 
Majelly'a land forces, and other 

lt( in tiea of all former ratea fervices, incurred to the z6th day 

latie*, all ptauing, or other of December, 1769, and not pn»> 

Uaiti of baft or ftraw, vided for by parliameLii. 
cane, ar horfe-bair, to be Thefe were the refolutiont of 

B. Of impcr fbr malting of, the Committee o' way* and meant. 

r bonnet*, which, from and which were agreed to by the honfe, 

Ac bid a4th day of Jane, and the fum* thereby provided fbr, 

Ihall be imported into thia To ^ a* they can at prefent be af* 

DB, Hull be ra»d to, and ccrtained, fiaad a* follow* : 

/. I. /. 
I RiblQtion of Jannary tf — ■ 1 700000 o o 

It of February 6 . 1518568 11 lij 

It of March 1 3 -^ — iHooooo o • 

It of March 29 ■ *99375 6 H 



It of April 9 - ■— — 400000 
ffthof April 13 - ■ ' — 773*40 16 o| 
! fixth of (Titto -■ - — >3i9* 5 lOf 



t of April 36 » i I -^ — jooooo 

I iri of May $ ■ -~- 1700000 a • 

! feoond of ditto _^-. SS4'9$ l$ H 



third of ditto ^— ^_ ^^ aoooo 

lafi of May B . ^ — . 394»„ 3 7 

Kal of (och provifiou u can be aftm^ned — 7794ia4"i9 _ » 
of tbifrOTifioBi •^— — ^ 34418s 11 $i 

IX}» STATE 



t44] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



STATE PAPERS. 



Bis Majifty^i mofi gracious Speech fenre the genertl trtn^otllit] 

t§ i§tb H§Mfis of Parliament t on xnainuining at the Ikme time I 

Tui/(daj the ^b of January, dignity and honoar of my cfQ« 

1770. together with the jaft rightt a 

interefts of my peo|4e. Tke t 

My Lords and Gentlemen, common burthens* which ny ft 

IT is with moch concern, that I je£b have borne lb chearfblly. 

find myfelf obliged to open this order to bring the late war n 

feffion of parliament wich acqaainc* happy conclafion, muft be aa i 

ing yoa« that the diftcmper among diuonal motive to make me vi| 

the horned cattle has lately broke lant to prevent the prelent lEii 

oat in this kingdom, notwithftand- bances in Europe mm extendi 

ing every precaution that could be to any part, where the fecuri] 

nfed for preventing the infedUon honour, or intereft of thu aati 

from foreign parts. Upon the fiifl may make it neceflary foe i 

notice of its a6lual appearance, crown to become a party. T 

my next attention was to endeavour aiTurances which I receive from I 

to (lop, if poflible, its further pro- other great powers, a£Fbrd neit 

grefs ; and, as the fuccefs of thofe fon to oelieve that my eadeavH 

endeavours muft, in all probability, will continue to be faooeftf 

have been entirely defeated by any I (hall ilill make the general i 

the leaft degree of delay in the ap- tereft of Europe the objcA of I 

plication of them, I thought it ab- attention : And while I leal 

lolutely neccfTary, wich the advice fupport my own rights, I ihaU 

of my privy council, to give imme- equally careful not to ackoowld 

diate diredions for every ftep to be the claims of any other povc 

taken that appeared mod capable contrary to the limitations of i 

of checkine the inilant danger of late treaties of peace, 
the fpreading of the infedion. It is needlefs for me to rcoo 
until 1 could have an opportunity mend to the feriooi attention 
of confulting my parliament upon my parliament the fiatc of 

Ibme m(ye permanent meafuret for government in America. I h 

fecuring us againil fo great a ca- endeavoured, on my part, by ei 

lamity: And to your immediate means, to brin^ bacK my falji 

and ferious confideration 1 earneftly there to their daty, and to a 

recommend this very important fenfe of lawful authority* It gi 

fubjed. me much concern to inform ) 

1 have given my parliament re- that the fuccefs of my endcavc 

peated aflurances, that it has al- has not anfwered my expeOncio 

ways been my fixed porpofe to pre- and that, in fi)me of ny colon 




STATE PAPERS. 



['4J 



peribu luTe embarked in 
rei highljr nntnirran tabic, 
ilcolated to deftroy the ctrn- 
■1 coaneAion between them 
le motlwr-cDaiiiry. 
Cjcntlemen of the Hoofe of 

Common I, 
are ordered the proper efti- 

(br the lervice of the cur- 
rcu to be liid before you. 
pcrfiuded, tbai yoar aSeAion 
tj perioD and gorernment, 
lur seal for the public good, 
idncc yon to grant fach Aip- 
■ are Bcceffitr^ ; tad you laay 
iiccd, that, 00 my part, they 
>e Buaged with the iii&ittt 

tf Lerda ind Gentlemen. 
the wdfare tnd profpeiity of 
EMle have alwayl been the 
of mjwiOiM, and the rale of 
ftwtu ; fb I am periioded, 
my cxperieace of your coo- 
that yon will be governed in 
praccediogi by the fime 
|ica. My ready concarrence 
i^nitf in every meafiirc that 
ervc ID promote thofe eods, 
■ay alwayt depend upon, 
n it will be ddw, more than 
ittnmbeni, moil carefully to 

all hcitt and animofitic* 
'ft yooffelvct, and to culti* 
■Bt fiiirii of harmony, which 
c> thofe, who have but one 
M objed in their view ; and 

may be moll likely to give 
iiy and efficacy to ihe refult 
r deliberation!. Such a con- 
lO your put will, above all 
, contribute to maintain, in 
proper luAre, the Urength, 
potation, and the profperiiy 
t country i to llrengthen the 
Bcat of my fubje£lt to that 



excellent conftituiion of govero- 
nient, from which they derive 
fuch dillingni(hcd advantage!; and 
to caufe the firm reliance and con- 
fidence which I have in the 
wifdom of ny parliament, ai well 
ai in their zeal for the erne interefl 
of mv people, to be jnftificd, and 
approved both at home and abroad. 



Tit bKmile JJJri/i tf ll>€ Rigk* 
HnmrahU tin UrJi SfiritttJ 
Q»d Ttmf*rid IS Partitmtnt t^- 
ftmbltd, juMuary 9, 1770. 

Mod graciina Sovereign. 

Wg, your Majefty'i qioft 
dutifiil atid loyal fubieiQt, 
the Lords fpirimal and (empotal, 
in parliament aflembled, return 
your Majefty our humble thankt 
lor yonr moll gradoiu fpecch from 
the throne. 

We beg leave ta aflure yonr 
Majefty, that it is with the 
greateft concern we have under- 
ftood, that the diAemper among 
the horned cattle hat lately broke 
oni in thii kingdom. We defire to 
ezprcf* oor gratitude for yoer 
Majefty'i paternal care and atten- 
tion to the welfare of your people, 
in the ftepi which it hai pleafed 
yonr Majetty to take, with the ad- 
vice of your privy council, to 
check the inltant danger of the 
fprcadtng of the diltempcr, upoR 
the &t& notice of iti appearance j 
and to alTure your Majelty, that 
we will itnmeiiiaiely enter into 
the moft Icrioui confideration of 
this very important objeA, and 
will exert oar utmoft enJeavouri 
in taking fuch efFeftuil meafurest 
a* may fccure Ui agaiofi 16 great a 

"wT • w. 



446] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

We return yoar Majefly our We think it oar diiqr to affvi 
thanks for the repeated affuraocei your Majefty, that we art tkfti 
your Majefty has been pleafed to roughly fenfiblCj that the wdCua 
give us, of your fixed purpofe to of your people has ever bera ihl 
preferve the peace ; maintaining, object of your wiflies, aad the nil 
at the fame time, the dignity of of all your adiont ; aad that ■• 
your crown, and the interefts of will endeavour to deferrc the ^ 
your people. We have a dutiful vourable opiaiooy which iM 
fenfe of your Majciiy's provident Majefty is gracioufly plcam IS 
attention to prevent the neceflity exprefs, of our being g of cf eri 
of involving your fubjedls in frcdi by the fame principles. Tbt 
difficulties, after the great bur- we have a fcrfcGt reliaece « 
thens to which they (o chcarfully your Majefty's proDilcd foppon ii 
fubmitted, in order to bring the fuch meafures, as may ierfC II 
late war to a happy conclnfion ; promote thofe eodi. That askii 
and we have great fati^faflion in peculiarly iocnoibent npoa as U 
finding, that the afTurances given prefent, to avoid heata aad aaiaa* 
to your Majcdy by the other great fities among oarfelves» fi> we ftd 
poweri of Europe afford reafon to endeavour to coltifaie that hv« 
Delieve, that without prejudice mony which b lb neoelaij W ihl 
either t6 the honour of your crown, common canie* aad whsa aim 
the rights of your people, or the can reader oar deliberauoas it- 
general intercfts of Europe, it may fpcAahle and eSeAaal ; beaiglUlf 
ftill be in your Majefty's power to perfnaded« that^fnch acaamn, ei 
continue to your fubjefls the far- our part muft'greail/ CPauitai 
ther enjoyment of the bleffiDgs of to the happiaeCi aad M o fi w ky if 
peace. this couotry, and to aiabin adw 

We afTure your Majefty, that we fenfe of the very diftiagaifead ai- 

will lake into our moft ferious con- vanuges of oar happy ftratffwiwi 

fiderappn the ft^te of your govern- as well as a firm attaduoeat kl 

stent in America. We beg leave to and muft jpfl^fy* both at ham ^ 

cx^^refs our utmoft concern, that abroad, yoor Majeftv'a gradm 

the fucc.fs of your Majefty'i en- confidence in the wilma of jm 

deavoars to bring back your fub- parliament, aad in ihnr aad iv 

)c&s there to a due fenfe of lawfnl the true interefts of yoar peoplt* 
authority, have not aafwered yoor 

Majefty's expeaatk>ns. We (hall ffii Majejfy*j wujt ifmimu Jbffm- 
be ready to give wery affiftance in 

our power, for rendering efte^ual My Lords, 

thefe your Majefty's gracioua in- I thank yoq kit thia aAAieaali 

tentioni, and for difcoontenancing and loyal addrcfs. Yoor refidatioa 

thof: unwarrantable meafures prac- to enter immediately into tlia caa> 

tifed in fome of your Majefty'i fideration of fuch aieafuraa ai may 

colonies which appear calculated beft fecure ui againft the farcadiag 

%ci dctroy the commercial coa- of the diftemper among the haraaa 

BcdUon between ()icia and the cattle, aftviu me great friisfiK- 

pipthcr- country. PM, 




S T A T E P A P E R S. [5+7 

Sraag nliaiice on yoar cm be accomplifhed, to goard 

_ao« 10 give me every igainll the d&nger o*" To great a 

IB ytM power to Tupport calamity becoming general. 

Vf fOTCriUDcat in America. Yoar faittirul (Jommoni hare 

■ Tfaar aflanncei of duty and too jull a Jenfe of (he bleffingi of 

iOfwltj ttwardi me, and your re- peate, and feci with your Majefi/ 

Htioil to cultivate harmony too tender a concern for the eafe of 

«Kag yonrlM»e>, give me very their feUow-fubjei)!, not to re- 

imttn fittian- pice at the profpefl which the 

aiTuraicei given by the other great 

^'^^^■^^—^—^^——^^^— powert of Europe aSbrd to your 

fit immtUJdJrifi s/tbt H^f, »/ Majefty, that ihe prefeni diftur- 

Ctmmmt t» lit King. nance* will not extend to any part 

where the f^'curity, honouri or in- 

Moft gracioai Sovereign, tereA of ihii nation may make it 

WE roar Majefty'i moft du- necelTary for your Majelty to be- 
tifol and loyal fubjefb, the come a party. We have the fuUcft 
Coaatni of Great-Britain in Par- confidence that your Majelly will 
Eaaeat aftubled, beg leave to re- never be unmindlul of tbofe in- 
tara ]raar MajeAy our , mble portant olij~^< ; and we obfcrve, 
Aaakt fiir yonr mod gracioui with great fatii'aflioa, your Ma- 
fpccch from the thmne. jeSy's wile atiemion to the general 

Wc cannot but loc^ Dpoo it as interen* of Europe, in yo.:r d.ter- 
ft vcrr ferioai miifortune, that mination not lo acknowledge any 
aoniuftanding every precaution cUimi of any of the other poweri 
wUA could be ofed for preventing of Europe, contrary to the limi- 
■ht comBoaicatioa of the infec- tation* of the late truatiei of 
ddw diAfder among the horned peace. 

cank from foreign pirU, that Wc finccrely lament, that your 
aoft ilarmiag dittemper appran M.ijefty's cndcaioun lo bring 
to kave again broke out in fome baclc yuur fubjefts in America to 
puti of tlu kingdom : At the fame a jaK (enrc of thfir duty hate 
tiMc, we are truly fenCblcof your hiiticrto pmvcd fu liitle fucceftrul. 
liajeSj'i paternal care and vigi- The llaie ot your Maj>.'lty'i govern- 
lance for the fecurity of your pro- ment there docs undoubtedly well 
pie, in having given the earliell defcrve the IcriouL attention of par- 
direfiioBt for every mcalure to be liatnent; and no cr.deavours ^all 
pttrfoed, that might be mod likely be ivaming on lui pin, to make 
to give an immrdiaie check to the efTcftuil prorifioni ajjainit the un- 
£ril fpreading of the infeAion ; and warra'- tabic mealurcs carried on in 
■c will not fail to take (hit moll fome of your M^jeliy's colonies, 
iaportaai matter into cur imme- uhich are fo irrec^ncileable lo 
^tc GOnfidcration ; and to make every principle ol ci>mmercial fun. 
IJKh ptovifiont at iball appear b^-Ll iervicncy to the imcrcll of ilie 
calcalatcd lo carry into rtfei.^ujl mother-country Ihnt ought to prc- 
lad complete execution your Mu- vail in the colonir«,iind which, b/ 
jcfty'i falutary intentions ; :>ni attempting lo 1j^Ji.-£1 the hi^hell 
tkaebVa u iar at by human meant luual authority to ihc controul of 
[A] + " indi. 



fl48] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



individuals, tend to fubvert the 
foundation of all government. 

Your Majefty may be aiTured, 
that we will, with the utmoll 
chearfalnefs and difpatch, grant the 
neceifary fupplies for the fervice of 
the current year. 

We acknowledge with the warm- 
eft gratitude, that the welfare of 
thefe kingdoms has been the con- 
Hant objcft of your Majefty's 
wifhesy and the unvaried rule of 
your anions. Permit as, Sir» at 
the fame time, to offer to your 
Majefty our moft dutiful thanks, 
for the favourable opinion which 
your Majefty is pleafed to entertain 
of the condufl of your Parliament ; 
and to afTure your Majefty, that we 
will fteadily perfeverc in fuch prin- 
dplet as are moft agreeable to the 
true fpirit of this free conftitution, 
and invariably purfuc fuch mea- 
fiires as are moft conducive to the 
real happinefs of the people. 

Earneftly deiirous of juflifying 
to all the world your Majcfty's 
gracious declaration of your con- 
fidence in us, we will make it our 
fludy to avoid all heats and ani- 
mofities, and to cultivate that har- 
mony amongft ourfelves, which, 
we are truly fenfible, is at this 
time peculiarly necciTary, to give 
weight to our deliberations, to 
eftablifti the profperity, ' and to 
maintain in its true luftre the re- 
putation of this country. 

And while we on our part are 
faithfully executing the truft re- 
pofed in us, by endeavouring to 
the utmoft of our power to pro- 
more thcfe good ends, we truft that 
all who live under this happy con- 
ftitution will he convinced how 
iddifpeiifably it is their duty to 
pay that obedience to the laws, 
and jaft reverence to lawful au- 



thority, by which alone thdr Ml 
rights can be preserved, and Ai 
diftingtiiftied bleffinss wbick if 
enjoy above all other aatioMlii 
rendered fecure and permanent 



Tht Humble Adirifs \f the J^k 
Homurabie the Lirds Sfmttd 
and Temporal, amd C§mmtMS» u 
Parliament etffemUed^ ff^td 
March 23, t9 bis Majefiy. 

Moft gracions Sovereign, 

WE, your Majei^'s wtk 
dtttitui fabjeai, the Lorii 
Spiritual and Temporal, aal 
Commons of Great Britain, ii 
Parliament afiembled, haviaf 
taken into confideratioii the A£ 
drefs lately prefented to yonr Ifa- 
jefty, onder the title of, * The 
' humble Addreft, Remonilnice, 

< and Petition of the Lord Mayor, 
' Aldermen, and Livery of tke 
' City of London, in Cosnon- 

< hall aflembled,* together vidi 
the anfwer which yonr Majefty wai 
pleafed to make to the fame : think 
ourfelves indifpenfably obh'icd, 
upon this occaiion, to expreu to 
your Majefty the extreme concern 
and indignation which we IIkI, at 
finding that an application hai 
been made to your Majefty in 
terms fo little correfponding wiA 
that grateful and afleAionate re- 
fpedl which your Majefty is (b 
juftly in titled to from all yonr fab- 
jeds ; at the fame time afperfing 
and calumniating one of tl!e 
branches of the Legiflature, aid 
exprefsly denying the legality of 
the prefent Parliament, and ths 
validity of its proceedings. 

To prefent petitions to the 
throne has at all times been the 
undoubted right of the fubje^ls of 

this 



STATE PAPERS, [249 

An lealm. The fret CDJoyment derftand too well their own trae 

cf ikit right wai one of the many interefts, to wi(h to loofea the 

liefiogs reftored by the Revola- bands of obedience to the laws* 

lioi, and continned to U8« in its and of dae fubordi nation to lawful 

Mkft extent, under the Princes of andiority. We are thftrefore fulijr 

jMr Maje^'s illoftrious houfe : perfaaded that your Majefty's peo- 

Aai, aa we are doly fenfible of its pie, as well as yonr^ parliament^ 

Vihe and importance, it is with will rejed with difdain every in- 

Ae deepeft concern that we now fidioos faggeftion of thofe ill. 

fa the cxercife of it fo grofly per- defigning men, who are in realitf 

Ymed» by being applied to the undermining the Public Liberty, 

forpofe, not of prefervin^, but of under the fpedous pretence of 

OTcrtnrning the Conttitntion : and zeal for its prefervation ; and that 

of propagating dodrines, which, your Majefty's attention to nudn* 

if generally adopted, muft be fatal tain the liberties of your fubjedt 

ID the peace of the kingdom, and inviolate, which jrou efteem yoor 

which tend to the fubverfion of all chief glory, will, upon cvny oc- 

lawful authority. cafion, prove the fure means «f 

Yonr Majefty, we acknowledge (Irength to your Majefty, and ie- 

mth gratitudes has ever fliown the cure to you that zealous and «f> 

■oft tender regard to the rights of Itdual iupport, which none bat m 

yoor people, not only in the ex- free people can beflow. 

cicife of your own power, but in His Majtfty*t Jn/mer^ 

jQQr care to preferve from every My Lord* and Gentlemen, 

degree of infringement or violation I return you mv thanks for thb 

the powers intrufted to others, very loyal and dutiful addrels. It it 

And we beg leave to return your with great iatisfadtion that 1 receive 

Majefty our unfeigned thanks, lor from my parliament fo grateful an 

the frefli proof you have given of aGknowledgment of my tender 

yoor determination to perfevere in regard for the rights of my fubjeOs. 

yonr adherence to the principles Be affnred that I fhall continue to 

of the Conftitution. adhere to the true principles oi 

Permit us alfo to affure your our excellent conftitution ; from 

Majefty, that it is with the higheil which I cannot deviate without 

latisfaAion we fee your MajeHy juftly forfeiting the aFedions of a 

expreffing fi) juft a confidence in free people. 

yoor people. In whatever un- 

jeftifiable exceffes fome few mif- r^,H«KING 

'guided perions may, in this m- 15y tne K i I>Hj. 

nance, have been leduced to join, j^ PROCLAMATION, 

yoor Majefty 's fubjetts in general, ^^^ encouraging Seamem to enter 

arc too lenlible of what they owe tbemjel'vei om board bis Majefife 

boik to your Majefty and your Sbiis of 9Far. 

Uloftrioui family, ever to be ca- CRORGR R 

sable of approaching your Ma- LfBUKUU. a. 

jefty with any other fentiments "IX/HEREAS it is our royal 

than thofe of the moft intirc re- YV intention to give all due 

fpcA and afftAion | tnJ they un- encouragement to all luch feameo, 

' who 



a5o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



who (hall voluntarily enter them- 
UXvtB in cur I'crvicc ; vvc have 
thought fiCj by and with the ad- 
▼ice of our Piivy Council, to pub- 
li(b this our Royal Proclamation : 
And we do hereby promil'e and de- 
dare» that all fuch able feamen* 
not above the age of fifty, nor un- 
der the age of twenty years, fit for 
our fervice, who (hall, on or be- 
fore the 2iilday of Odober next, 
Toluntarily enter themfelves to 
ferve in our Royal Navy, either 
with the captains or lieutenants 
of our (hipi, or the chief officers 
on board fnch tenders, as fhall be 
employed for raifing men for the 
fervice of our Navy, (hall receive, 
at our royal bounty, the fum of 
thirty (hillings each man : and ail 
Ibch ordinary feamcn fit for our 
fervice, who (hall fo enter them- 
felves as aforefaid, Oiall receive the 
Inm of twenty (hillings each man, 
as our royal bounty ; fuch re fpec- 
tive Aims to be paid them by the 
lefpedive clerks of the cheque, 
rending at the pons or places 
where the (hips, into which they 
Ihall be entered, (hall be, imme- 
diately after the third mufter of 
fuck feamen.— And we do declare, 
that the qualifications of the fea*> 
aen, (b entering theiafelves at 
aforefaid, (hall be certified by the 
Cap:ain, Mailer, and Boacfwain of 
the (hip or vcfTcl where they (hall 
cater. And for prevention of any 
abufcs, by any perfons leaving the 
ireflels to which they (hall belong, 
and entering thsmfelves on board 
any other our (hips or ve(rels, in 
order to obtain the faid bounty- 
money ; we do hereby declare and 
command, that fuch ieamen, be- 
longing to any of our (hips, or 
ved'cis, as (hall abfent thcmfe'ves 
fiom any of the faiu ibips or veflfels 



to which they (hall belong, aii 
(lull enter themfelves on board aoy 
other of our faid (hips or vcfleU, ii 
order to obtain the faid bodaty, 
(hall not only lofe the wages doe » 
them in the (hips or veflels they 
(hall leave, but al(b be fevctel/ 
punilhcd according to their de- 
merits. 

Given at our court at St. Jamei'i 
the 2zd day of Sffpceober, 
1770, and in the tenth yat 
of our reign. 

GOD fave the KING. 



His Majcfiy*s mcfi gnuicus Spu(ht% 
hotb Houfes of Parliamtmi, a 
Saturday thg l^he/Muj, 1770. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

TH E fealbn of the year, ul 
the difpatch you have givci 
to the public bufinefs, make ic 
proper for me to put aa end tn 
this feflion of parliament. 

The temper with which yoa have 
conduded all your procecdugs, has 
given me great fatisfadion, atd 1 
promife myfelf the happieft titBi 
from the firmnefs, as well ai the 
moderation, which yoa have aa- 
nifeAed in the very critical circav- 
(lances which have attended yuor 
late deliberations. 

With refped to foreign aiGun, 
I have nothing material to comoia- 
nicate to you. I will continue ay 
endeavours lo appeafe, if po(Bble, 
the troubles which ftill prevail in 
fome parts of Europe, or at leaft 
to prevent them from fpreadiPg 
farther. Jn all events it (hall be 
my fir A and conftant care to watch 
over the intereft>, and to preferve 
undimiDi(hed the rights of my peo- 
ple. 

Gentle- 




STATE PAPERS. [451 

IMM Of Ae Houfe of ib, Ci^yf I^. i»Cmmm' 

U9 yoB ny tbanki (or the Umj 30, 1770. 

yon k»ve fo cheftrfnily < Moll grkcioui Savereigft. 

lot lb« lerrictof ihe cur. vt t £ ^kit upon yoar Mijdif 

Wt u well a> for yoar at- yV *>tk ('■'' BDCer' congnrala- 

(o mtlce die of every op- wiia on ttM happy delivery of «ar 

ty of redacing the national moft graciooi Ofeen, and on tke 

rke prDvi&on yoo have birth of another Frincefi : and ta 

blc tu make in this feffioa affure yonr Majefly, that there an 

:hargine fo conHderable a ^jt in all your dominioai any Tub* 

iib^ut iayine uny turther jcO* more faiihfol, BKirc dudfid* 

on my fubjca*, cannot md more affcaioDau to your Ma- 

highly advanugeout to jefty'* perlon' and family, or mor« 

:redil. ready to facft&ce their Uvea and 

fbrcgnei ia the matatcnuceof ibe 

y Lordi and Gentleraea, imc honoar and digaity of yixr 

itt carneflly recommsod to crown. 

exen, in yoar refpedive • i^Bg may your Uqc^ r^a 
•, the fume zeal and pru- ibe tioe giurdian of the Itbertia 
hat you have fhewn in I'ar- of thit free coutry. and be tk« 
t, for promoting the peace iollrument, in the haadt of Pio- 
tlfare of the kingdom : no- videace, of tranfmitling to oar 
can be fo favourable 10 the pollerity tbcle invaluable rigbn 
of tboie, who look with jea- ^gj privilcgMi whidi are tin 
IB the ftrengih and profpe- birth-right of ike fubjcAi of iki* 
tbit coantry, *• the preva- Idugdoaa.' 
)f BDimoliiici and difleaiioni 

A ourfelvei : let it therefore To which the King gs*e dt 
Br care to di (countenance iollowiag gncioataanrcr: 
ittempt 10 infufe grt)aadle& 

Ml* and difconteni into the > I recdve with great fatiaCae* 
of yoar fellow fubjtOt i make tion yonr cmgratnuitiou oa tfae 
enfible of m;r conftant aEten- happy delivery of the Qgeen, taA 
promote iheirbippinefti and ibebirthof a Princcfi t nnd I re* 
ce them, that nothing can lb turn yoo my hearty thanki for tko 
ally fecure tbcir libertici, •■ jmy and affeaioR to my parte 
ainienance of tttt^ part of and family, and the acal for lk« 
cclleni conllitution Iniudne true bonoar and dignity of mf 
ind aatbortiy. crown, which you expreft opoa tkit 

_^_^^^_^^^___^__^ pccafioB. 

• The city of London, enter- 
• KING'* Moft Excellent Mining thefe loyal feeiimeBti, may 
MajcAy. be always afliired of mv protec- 

tion,' — They all had tbp luDoor of 
mmbU JJJrifi rf tht ItrJ ki£ng hjl MajeAjr't IkM^ 

^ at 



ft52] ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

Hh Majeflfs moft gradouj Speech to !»««" »« equilly fiscere wU 
hoib Houfes of Parliamemt, om myfelf in the rcfo'ation 10 pidene 
T^e/ilay the lyb Day of Novem- ^« gcneril tranqaillity of fioroiK. 
^y 1 2^0. In the mean lime* I have calM 

you together thas early, in order 
My Lords and Gentlemen, «^»' I ^^Y be able to receive inm 

WH E N I lall met yon in ^^ f«ch advice and affiaance, as, 
Parliament, I renewed to in the farther progrefi of ihb very 
you the affuranccs which 1 had important bufioefs, nay happen 10 
before given you, that it was my become requifite. 
fixed purpofe to preferve the gc- ^"^ refpeft to the flateofsf 
jjeral tranquillity ; maintaining, at colonies in North America, al- 
the fame time, the honour of my though I have the fatisfaaioa IB 
crown, together with the juft rights acquaint you, that the people n 
and interefts of ny people : and it ^^^^ of them have begun co depart 
was with much fatisfadion that I ™"i ^hofe combinations, which 
indulged the hope of being ftill able w«r« calculated to diftrefs the con« 
to continue to my fubjcas the enjoy- "»«''«« of this kingdom ; yet, 11 
ment of peace with honour and fe- ">"™« P*'^« of the colony of ibc 
cority. Since that time, thofe ytry Maflachufet'i Bay, y^ry unwarrae- 
confiderations, which I then pro- "ble praftices are ftill carried oa. 
snifed you that I would never facri- *n^ "X good fubjeds oppreiTed by 
ice mtii to the defires of peace, the fame lawlefs violence vhick 
kave laid me under an indifpenfable has too long prevailed in that pnh 
neceffity of preparing for a different vince. 

fitnatioQ. ^ "^P^* *"^ ^^^* ^^*t the pr^ 

By an aa of the Governor of captions, which have already beci 
Buenos Ayres, in fcizing by force «^«^. ^or fecurin^ this coiatiy 
one of my poffeffions, the honour ag^^n^ the vifitation of that fttil 
©f my crown, and the fecurity of calamity, which has of kte appeir- 
sy people's rights, were become ^^ »" ^ome of the diftant parti of 
deeply affeded. Under thcfe cir- Europe, will, with the bieffiog of 
cumftances, 1 did not fail to make God, proved fuccefsfal. Bat if, 
an immediate demand from the ^«>m any altcrauon of circoBto- 
court of Spain, of fuch fatisfaflion «"• it ihould at any time be fbood, 
as 1 had a right to cxpcd for the ^^^t farther pronfioos will he 
injury I had received. I diredcd wanted, I cannot doubt of yoor 
•ho the neceffary preparations to ready concurrence for fo faloiary a 
be made, without lofs of time, for pu^pofe. 

enabling me to do myfelf juftice. Gentlemen of the Houfe of 
in cafe my requifition to the court Commons, 

of bpain ihould fail of procuring I will order the proper eftimaies 
it for me. And thefc prcparation», for the fervice of the enfning year 
you may be aflured, I Ihall not to be laid before you. They noft 
think it expedient to difcontinue, unavoidably, in our prefeni fitua- 
nntil I OuU liave received proper tion, exceed the nlual amouaL 
leparacion tor the injury, as well £\'ery unncceflary expcnce, ny 
aa iaikfaclory proof, that other concern for the Cile cf mygcx)d 

fubjedU 




STATE PAPERS. [ijj 

ill ever nuke ine cuefal We beg Inve to offifr yoor Mi- 
bat I (boold neither con- jefljr our very fincere congntulm- 
intercfti nor their incli- ti:>ni on the fafe and bappy deli- 
I were to decline any eX' very of the Queen, and the birth 
lich the public fecumy> of a priocefs ; and tu ■Q'ure yoor 
intenance of the national Majefly of our unfeigned joy at 
oei at any time reqoire. the iocreafe of your domellic bap- 
Lords and Genilemeo. pincfs ; and that ue confider every 
eofible how little I need addition to your illullrions houfej 
I, at this time, to prevail from which ihefe kingdom) have 
to unite in whatever may received the malt important be* 
lote the true intcrcft of neSts, aj a farther fecuriiy to our 
iiry. In all your delibe- religious and civil libertle*. 
pon point) of a domellic . We are too fenfible of the 
.t the extenfion of our blcfling of peace, not to feel the 
;, the improvement of the greaiefl coacern at aoy evenc tvhicli 
and the maintenance of threaten) to interrupt its continco 
d good government, be ancc, and defeat your Majeily'i 
I your view. With re- wile and gracious purpofe to main- 
fbreicn meafures, there tain it. _ fiut, grateful u we are for 
B perluaded, be no other thi) proof of ynur Mijefly'* pa> 
Among you, than who ternal regard to the rcpofe aui 
ear noft forward in the happinefi of your people, we owe 
if the common caufe, in your Majelly no Jef) thank) for 
; the rrputaiion, and your anxious vigilance over the 
g the profpcriiy of the honour of your crown, and the in- 
• For the attainment of icreA) of your people. 
Ii, yoa flull ever find me We return your Majelty our 
czeit myfelf to the utter- molt ihaokfol ackoowledgmenti, 
have so iniercA, 1 can as well for the immediate demand, 
iCi diftind from that of which yoor MajeHy has been 
e. pleafed to make from the court of 
^^^^^^^^^^__^^ Spain, of fatisfaflion for the in- 
""~~^ jury received, as for the inAant 
ib AJdrifs tf lb* Rig!" prcparationi that your Majcfty 
■abU tht Ltrdi Sfiriiual made to do yourfelf juftice, 10 
riMttral, in Parliamnt cafe your requifition fhould fail of 
W, Urutmhtr 13, 1770-. procuring it. And we are exceed- 
ingly happy to be alTured, that 
jracioot Sovereign. yoor Majefty will think it Mpe- 
(yoar Majelly'imoft dmi- dicnt to continue prepared to 
ill and loyal fubjefls, the affert the honour of your crown, 
pititual and Temporal, in and the fccurity of the righti of 
mt altembled, return your your people, upon an event lb 
oar humble ihanki tor deeply affefling both, until the in- 
a eracioui fpeech fiom the jury ihal! be properly repaired, and 
litiifafiory proof be gik-co of the 
liDocrt 



«54l ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

fiiicere refolution of other powers zeal, in the fapport of yoor 

io prefenre the general tranquillity jetty's crown, and the repai 

^ £arope. We, on our part« beg and profperity of your 

leave to aflure yoor Majefty, that domi. 

we will not fall to make the utmoft 

efforts in oar power to roainuin His Majeftfi mojt grmcious Ai 

objedts fo joftly dear to us^ as the 

dignity of your Majefty's crown» My Lords* 

and the fecurity of the national Jt gtres ne great fatisfaai 

'^g'*^*" find, that you entertain (b 

We are rery happy to be in- fcnfc of the importance of j 

formed, that the people in mod while that defirable objeA c 

•fyourMajefty's colonies in North maintained confiftently wit! 

America are departing from thofe honour of my crown, am 

combinations which were calcu- rights of my people. Yoama 

lated to diftrefs the commerce of pend upon my Deft endeavoi 

this kingdom ; and we hope foon prcfcrve that inefttmable bli 

to fee an entire end of thofe on . (b long as it is compatible 

warrantable praaiccs which have objcas dill more efiential t 

lb ^ng opprcffed your Majefty's happinefs and profperity o 

liibjedt in one of thofe pro* kingdoms. 

winces. The affedionace part yoa ta 

, We are highly feniiblc of your the happy delivery of the Q 

Majefty's gcodncfs and care, in and the incrcafc of my ft 

ttking foch precautions to fecure gives me much pleafure. 
ihb country againft the vifitation 

of that fatal calamity, which has — — ^— — ^— — — 

of late appeared in fome of the ^^, humhU Adinfi tf thi & 

diflant parts of Europe ; and we q^^^ f^ ^^ ^ 

fhall alwavs be ready to concur in ^ 

any meaiures that (hall be found Mod gracious Sovereign, 

necefTarv to the fopport of your Tlir^» yoor Majefty*s moi 

Majeftys endeavours for fo fain- VV tiful and loyal fohjcAi 

tary a purpofe. Commons of Great- Britain ii 

We have the moft grateful fenfe liament aflembled, return 

of yoor Majelly's favourable opt- Majefty our humble thanks 

ition of our con flan t endeavours to your moil gracious fpeech froi 

promote the true incercil of this throne. 

country. We will, in all our de- Wc beg leave to offer tc 

liberations upon points of a do- Majefty our congratulations t 

nellic nature, exert ourfelves for happy delivery of her Majeft; 

the exteniion of our commerce, the on the birth of another prii 

improvement of the revenue, and eflceming every increafe of 

the maintenance of order and lVIajir(ly'« royal family, an 

government: and we flatter our- tional Iccurity for the contir 

ielves, that your Majefty will not or that happinefs which we 

be difappointed in the gracious ex- already experienced under i 

pe&ations you have formed of our fpicious govcrnmeut. 

/ 




STATE PAPERS. 

mg ^ ittujr praoft we hhn 
td of jtMt Mijefty'i con- 
ittation to tbe welbre ind 
iij of yoor people, your 
f*i earoeft dcGre to continue 
the Ucffingi of p«ce coutd 
1 to infpire at with Tenti- 

of gratitude and affeAion : 
t could have reaped little 
xitraflion from the cnjoy- 
f thorebleffingg, had we not 
raise tine been able to place 
left confidence in your Ma- 
that yoa would never be in- 

by & miftalcen tendeinefs 

prefent eafe of your people, 
ificc their more efTEntial and 
lafting interelU. There we 

bat confider u having been 
ooflf flruclc at, by the vio- 
■uly committed by a Spmilh 
or apon one of your M:i- 
poffeCons. Under ihefecir- 
ncct, yoar Majeliy'j deter- 
Ml to make an im mediate 
d fram the court ol Spain of 
tN&aioD aa you hid a tight 
;A, and at the fame time to 
tke Beceflary preparations to 
it, withoat delay, for en- 
yonr Majefty to do yourrdf 

itt cafe your requiliiion to 
■n of Spain ibould fjil to 
:il, demandtoarmod iinny 
rlcdgmenu ; and tve rejoice 

that your Majefty will not 
tuoe tnefc preparaiioni until 
dl bavc received a proper re- 
n for the i:ijury, » well as 
bry proof that other pow;ti 
ully fincere widi your Ma- 
t ike rcfidotioQ to preferve 
HCral tranijailliiy. In the 
tioa of thii your MajeAy'i 
i, yoar Majelly will not DC 
inted in your expedition of 
ig fiom your faithful Cotn> 
rcry degree of fupport which 



[»5f 

in the pregrefi of tbii very tMoort- 
ant baAnelt will become reqeifite : 
with tlui view, we (hall enter with- 
out delay into the confiderMion of 
the fuppliei for the eafuing year ) 
and whatever extraordinary ex- 
pencei tbe public ferrice ftull re- 
qairei we will chearfully pn>Tidfe 
for, in fuch manner ai may b* 
leall burthenfome to your Majcty'a 
fubjeas. 

In con{idering the flite of yow 
Majefty's colonies in North Ane- 
rica, we will negled no mean* of 
fecuring the commercial iaiereSi of 
thii kingdom, cr of providing for 
the proteAioQ of yoar Majefty'a 
good fubjcfts there from every de- 
gree of violence and opprcflioa. 

We return your Majelly our un- 
feigned thanks, for the timely pre- 
cnuiions you have ufed, for guard- 
ing againil the introduction of tkac 
faial contagion which has of laM 
«p,->cared in fome of Ihe diflant 
pans of Europe. And while, wttk 
your Majeily, we place our ttlii- 
in:i(c reliance upon the Divine Pro- 
vidence for our prefervation iron 
To great a calamity, we fli all con- 
fider Ic ai our indiipenfable duty to 
make ufe of every reafonable pre- 
caution which human forcGgbi ata, 
(ugpcftto UJ. 

We affurc jxur Mjjcfly, that we 
will apply ouriclvci with all due 
diligence to the difpatch of the 
pnblic bufiners ; in which we will 
not fail Iteadiiy to purfue thofe 
great end* rt-commended to u) fay 
your Majelly in your fpeecb from 
the throne, ai well 31 by yoar 
royal example. And ifanybqiet 
(bould have been conceived, or it 
may have been any where furmifcd, 
that among your Majelty's people 
there were any fuch dilTerencea' 
fabCfling, at could in tbe leafi de- 
gree 



•5^] ANNUAL REGISTER. 1770. 

me abate the aHoar of their af- vioce the world how falie aad »• 

traionate attachment for yoar Ma- jorioiu are all fuch fumifet; ail 

jefly» or prevent their joining, as to make it flianiieft» that* wka- 

one man, in feoonding your Ma- erer we are called npoa ia ill 

jefly's views, for maintaining mi- caofe of oor lung and cea a ti y, 

fidlied the loftre of yoor crown, there will be bat ooe heart aid oia 

and preferving andiminifhed the voice among yoor ftithfid Can* 

lighu of yonr people, we doubt mont* 
■oc» by our proceediogtt to coo* 



CHA. 



t > 3 



3ARACTERS. 




nftaait frpt lit acesuntef 
•wtf ailt Siberia, mail Ay 
•■itt Kiag t/ France. By 
Abbe Chappy D'Aote- 
*^r^ Royal Academy «/" 
n « Pub. 

iiMi u the fovereigD ii on 
I tbroae, be is Tuppofed 
lO men reUtioDS, and no 
t tocUira any connedion 
royal family. A foreign 

kaving found that the 
of Woronzof waa reined 
ipief* ElUabech, weni im- 
' »ad coinplimentcd her 
new), which he ihooght 
»very of gmliiical impor- 
he emprefs larncd pale, 
limhe was millaken. 

forbidden, on pain of 

keep any coin llHmped 
mige of the young Iwsn. 
>le dirsd nol play with 
rbich bear the imprcfflon 
nei^n. One cannot pxh 
t palace) facing iheem- 
jMrtBcnti, without pol- 
ae') hit, or letting down 

if one if in a carriage ; 
amt )i cxpofed to infulti 

Mdien. Any perfuti 
Id write the name of the 
I fisall charaAen upon a 
mU be liable (o be fe- 
>Uh«d for it. 
yiflinSCircsmQaBcei arc 
I nercly to eive u iiica 
3IL 



of (he extent of the abfolute power 
ofRulIitn i»aoarcli» 

The r;thility dateDot come near 
the throne wi^hoot fear and trem- 
bling. They are b.niftcd into 
Sibeti.i for the flightell political 
intrigue, and their poJTeffion! being 
conGfcated, one whole f.iRiiIy chiw 
falli a viaim to the nrtful infinn- 
stioni of the eoariier. When i 
was at St. Peierlburgh, I waj one 
day on a viCt at the hoofe of a 
Ilranger, who was in office ; being 
defirous of information, I aDced 
whether the prim-e Iwan wai Jiv. 
ing or not ; it was Immediiteljr 
ivhifpered in my ear, ihat in Riif. 
lia no one tpoke of that princei 
We were, hd^vcrcr, no more thao 
thtee Ftenthmcn in iKp rooutt 
nfaich W.13 upward) of ihiiiy feet 
fqoire. On the eve of (he death 
of the emprefi Eliijbech, noon* 
dared to enquire concerning her 
health; and when ihe was (lead* 
though !i was univerfally known* 
yet every body was afriiid to fpcalc 
of it. 

The mutual diftrodi in which 
people lire in Raffia, and the total 
tilencc (if the nation upon every 
thing which may haveihe leatt n 



lalior: 



ther to the 



govt 



ifei chielly 
from the privilege every Ruffian 
hai, wlihout diHiiiAion. of crying 
oat io public. S/i%oe DrtUx that 



I. 




ANNUAL register; 1770: 



high treafon both in words and ac- 
tions. All the byilnnders are the a 
obliged to ailid in taking up the 

Serfon ace u fed. A father arrefts 
is fooy and Uie Ton his father^ 
and nature fuffers in filcncc. The 
Bccufed, and the accufer, are both 
conveyed immediately to prifon, 
and afterwards to St. Pe:cr(burgh, 
where they are tried by the fccrct 
court of chancery. 

This tribunal, compofed of a 
few miniftera chofen by the fove- 
reign, leaves the lives and fortunes 
of all families at their mercy. 
This jurifdidion is of fo odious a 
nature, that a fubjc6>, who (hall 
even be indifTerenc to thefe agents 
of tyranny, is often found guilty, 
although the accufer fhould not be 
able to bring convinci.:g proofs of 
the crime ; and this happens chiePiy 
when the impeachcr anfwers for 
the guilt of the perfon accufed, 
with his own ihoulders ; that U to 
fay^ fabiQits to receive the puniih- 
laent of the knout. If he bears 
this without recanrirg, the perfon 
accufed is fodnd guilty, comdemn- 
ed to death, and part of his eiiate 
ibrfeited to the accufer. If fome 
• very extraordinary cirJumlUnccs 
indicate the innocence of the per- 
fon accufed. the impeacher is then 
punifhcd a f?cond time. He is 
alfo punifhcd, but only once, when, 
not having demanded the trial of 
the knout, he is foun 1 inc.ipible 
ot proving the guilt of the man 
^hom he impearhcs. 

Thi^ jurifJi6t O'l has been eAa- 
bliOied, merely that tyranny might 
enjoy the privilege oH'acrificing uU 
fuch perfons as have become the 
objeA of dcfpotic jcalouly. It was 
therefore necefTary that the crime 
of the falfe accufer Aiould not be 
puniOied with death ; aad the pu- 



nifliment of the knoat was al 
made milder in his favour. 

The nobility, thus bowed 
the yoke of the moft ere 
flavery, do not fail to retali^t 
on the people : the pcopl 
(laves to them, to the fuvei 
or to the waywodes who rep 
him. 

Two kinds of flaves are < 

guitheJ in Ru(Ga amooj^ ih 

pic ; fome belong lo the love 

others to the nobility. Tfa 

only p::y tribute to the en 

the others both to the fovi 

and to their lord. The nob 

timate their riches by the ni 

of farmers which belong to 

The flaves of the crown paj 

the royal treafaf]r« the fiim < 

hundred and ten copecs, oi 

ihillings and feven»pence ol 

glifh money, and the other 

two (hillings and elerea»pei 

the crown. The lords i 

what tax they pleafe opoa 

(laves, and fometimes feiie 

the fmall fortune they nay 

acquired by their abilities. II 

(laves, by cultivating the Ian 

by induftry, do not get enoi 

pay the lord, he allows thi 

hire themfclves to mere 

(Irangers, or other perfoni 

have no flaves. For this pi 

he gives them a paffport oo 

a few years. I'he flave is o 

to remit his wages annually 

lord, who gives him up wl 

thinks proper out of them. 

The lords fell their flai 
cattle is fold in other parts 
world. They chafe ont fi 
mcng them the number of ii 
they want ; ard treat ihei 
great inhumanity. They] 
allowed a civil power of li 
death over their fervanis^ an 




CHARACTERS. ^ 

orerdbeirothfrflivest batM cfl ArianeA. tn -other rerped;, 
have the privilege of puoifh- they give thrmfelves op to de- 
ihen with the faJagi, they bauchery and to erery kind of 
tkcm chaffized in fuch a man- vicr. Morality is lefs to be met 
dut .thej nay be fiiid, in n-iih among the Ruffian;, than a. 
to km acquired the right of mong the Pag.ins thrir neighbooit. 
Bg them to deaih. The opinions of ihe Ruffian^, with 

weighty offQncn, a lord, ae- regard to Chriftianiiy, are Co extra- 
ng to laWf onght to bring hi) ordinary, thai it (hould feein at if 
to be tried at the ordinary that religion, fo well adapted in 
«of juftice. In 1761, the fe- iiTi-'ir for ihc b^ppinefs and good 
pQblifhed an edid, whereby order of fociety, had only IVrved 
e lordt were allowed to fend to make this people more kicked. 
A murderer being taken and con- 
demned, and being aOced in (he 
courfe of his trial whether he had 
kept the Lent falti; appeared as 
much furprized, as the moft up- 
right man would bav« bern, if hit 



flavea tbe^ were difplea 

to work in riie minei ; ^u 
ml* prefer, and will ever d 
lalixing them at home, and 
Ag them to themfeWet. 
c aobility of Ruffia nerer „ , 

ioto the priefthood; fo that honeCly had been called !□ quef- 



■t no iDterniediate flate 
Kclcfiafiical body, which 



tion. He immediately anfwered 
vith warmth, that he wat inca- 
ap entirely of the common pable of negiejling the daciei of 
. or the children of the hia religion. Yet thii very maa 
: the he&d of a fet of ruffians 
henevcr thry feized upon any 
leri, he readily gave up all 
the booty to his companions, if 
they did but deliver him thefc un- 
happy viflims alive. He tirll un- ■ 
drcft them, and tied them naked 
jvechnrcb, at they were then to a tree, without any regard to 
ter conftimted body; and their lex; he then op::ncd iheir 
hewhole nation wai itiflamed bread near the heart, and drank 
teal, which ii no where to their blood. He declared, that he 
ind nt prefent, but among look great pleafure in feeing the 



who are often the moft dif- 
t lb that the ignorance and 
rity of the Rnffian clergy are 
atnral confeqaencei of their 
iving received any principlei 
■cation. Their power was 
root only in the nmes of the 



n-dafa of people. 



dreadful concottioni and convul' 



: common people are bigot- fions of thefe wretched people. 



en to fanaticifm in favour 
reek religion: this extrara- 
increafei the farther we get 
he capital; but thefe very 
are fo little acqoain ted with 
vligion, that ihey are per- 



faA, though it may feem 
fcarc* credible, was told me by 
fomc Ruffians. 

Such examples are rarely to be 

met with in Rufliaj and I have 

mentioned this only to Ihcw thit, 

they fnlfil all its' duties^ by in this country, lefs attention has 

iog with fome external ce- been given to form the manner) of 

n, andefpecially by keep, the people by religion, than to 

Leoi fafti with ihe great- oblige them to obferve certain cere- 

B a raonieif 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



moniet, which do not always im- 
prove the morals of mankind. 

The men in Siberia are tall» 
ftoar, and well made, as they are 
almoil all over Ruffia : they are 
cxceffively fond of women and 
drinking. As they are flaves to a 
defpotic prince^ they exert the 
fame abfolute authority over their 
Haves or inferiors* with Hill greater 
feverity. 

The women are in gepe ral hand- 
fome at Tobolfky : their /kin is 
exceedingly fair, and their coun- 
tenance agreeable : their eyes are 
black, langui(hingand down-caft; 
for they never dare look a man 
full in the face : they wear no 
caps, but ufe coloured handker- 
chiefs, which they interweave fo 
carioufly among their hair, gene- 
rally black and unpowdered, that 
this kind of hcad-drefs gives them 
a very bewitching look. They all 
ufe paint, young girls as well as 
married women: ;ind this cuftom 
prevails even among the fcrvant 
naidsy and fome of the common 
people. 

The women are commonly well- 
made till the age of eighteen or 
twenty ; but their legs as well as 
their feet are always large. Na- 
ture in this refpc^ fcems to have 
had in view lit bulk they ufually 
acquire ; uhich feems to want very 
£rm fjpporters. 

The baths, they uTe twice a 
week, contribute chiefly to fpoil 
their (hapes: they caufc fuch a re- 
laxation in all the p^rts of the 
body, that the beauty of the wo- 
men is quite gone before they are 
thirty year: of age. 

Their dreft at ppefcnt is very 
much like that whiuh is in ufe 
throughout Europe. The mcn»' 



drefs is exaftly the fane at Tdbd(- 
iky, and ail over Ruffia. Soae 
merchants, the noblemena' ftc«- 
ards, and the commoa men aic 
almoft the only pcrfons who bate 
kept to the old drcfi, as well m 
to the caftom of wearing the beard. 
I faw only a few gentlemen atTo- 
boliky, who had been diferaccd* 
ill 1 1 conforming to thefe old caf- 
toms, which they certainly had 
lately taken up agkin. The drris 
of the women at Tobolfky (I ei- 
cept the head .drefs) differs froa 
that ufed in Europe, only in ou 
peculiar faftiions, with which tJiey 
are unacquainted | they geoeraliy 
wear a loofe gown like a domiaa 
On public days, their gowns lie 
much like the robes formerly wora .- 
in France. This drefs came horn j 
St. Peterfburgh to Tobol&y. ; 

The men, as well as the wo- ' 
men, are generally richly drefleds ^ 
they get their (luffs and filks fiea 
Mofco, and fometimea from Cbi* 
na; but at Tobolfky, as throagk- 
out RufTia, both the fexes arcrery 
uncleanly, notwith (landing the 
baths they afe twice a week* The 
women change their linen bat fel- 
dom ; and are unacquainted wiik 
that variety of nndrefs, to which 
the Europeans are accuftomed ; 
and which is often more bewitch- 
ing than the richeft ornamentis 
fo that there are few opportunities 
of being prefent at the toilet of tbc 
Ruffian women. 

In tl4e huufes of people of the 
firll rank at Tcbr^fhy, as in moft 
other parts of RufTu, there if bat 
one bed for the hutbind and wife, 
and fometinics one for the chil* 
(!ren : all other pcrfjns in the hcufe 
lie promifcudUily upon benches or 
upon iiuis, which they fprcad on 

the 



CHARACTERS. 



t.i« thcdilFerenc apart- 
There ire no curcaini 
^df ) and inlieaJ of a bol' 
e huftiuii] and mfe have 
F ibem ft¥ta at eight pil- 
nc left than the other, raif- 
tn form of two pyramid!. 
ti if Bfoerallx Ihe princi- 
ce of ^tniiure. Sometime* 
■T >( Toboliky in bed- 
fome wooden chair), aUrge 
Lsd a fmall table. 
k« whoUciiy of Tobol&y. 
mi not ■ (ingle houre that 
ij cirpeiing in ii ; fome 
cUc'd one Dpon another, 
d< fmootlicr than common, 
bncbes and a few uocden 
lude up all the furniture 
rapa/imcnti. 

TMwI&i men arc very jeD- 
F ihor wives, as they are 
bent tbe greater part cf 
1 beyond the city of Mofco, 
ir. ibey are feMom in com- 
ritli ibem i fpen<^iiig molt of 
J in innk\t\g, and gene- 
iMiinig home drunlc The 
I feldora go out; they live 
< folueflcicd from focicty, 
lip ID laxincfi »nd indoletKe, 
arc the caufes of the de- 
\ of their manner!. 
I ItiiKl of delicate love which 
|b frant fcniibility, and a- 
nhkb the fekcfrlt viftuc 
lalwayi ^uttd itfdf, ii heie 
IvBlcnown. 

k M lever never hii tlie fa [it- 
lOf feeing ih? coafufica and 
jrofbb ffiillicri.endearout- 
a coBceal her 



lendcrnera. Such rnuaiioni sre 
never met with in Siberia, nnrin 
the greuiell part of KuiTia, where 
the polithed mannet] of ihc reft of 
Europe htvc not vet prevailed. In 
ihefe tiarbaiDUs region*, men ty. 

they confider and treat ai their 
Have), requiring of them the mod 
fervile offices : in their matrimo- 
nial engagement* [bey arc obliged 
to bring them a handful of rodi, 
in ^re« ceremony, and to pull off 
their boots, as a token of the fupe- 
riorityof thehuffaand.and ihefub- 
jedion ofthe wife. Availing them- 
felvB) more than any where elfe of 
their fuperior power, they have 
eftablilhcil the motl unjuft Uwi, 
which neither the beauty nor deli- 
cacy of the hx have yet been able 
to aboliO) or fofien. We arc not 
therefore lobefurprlzed, that that 
delicacy of feniiment which cht- 
raflerizes the people cf more ci- 
vilised nations, is To rarely to b« 
met with here. If fuch women 
are wotth the attempt, boldnefi i> 
often fulBcieni to infure fuccefs; 
but oppormniiies of this kind lei- 
dom occur, bj Mrmcn are fcarce 
ever fcen, but when ihetr hufbaadi 
are prefent; and if the leaft At- 
tention If ihewn them on thefeoc- 
cafioni, it u very probable oaC 
miv not fee them a fecond time. 

I faw fonie foreigner) at Tobol- 
itiT, who hid been there ever 
finceihe beginning of thelallwar; 
unaccjuainrcd with the cuKomt of 
the country, they •fieo rxperi- 
enced difagteiablc confrqnence* 

B 3 f loni 



4 



■ 'JMpIt afiintlirr nfnl to lie npon hoardt or bencho, on'] 
«m«rii)(; wa» IprfAil i there was no t'umiture in tfw boolb|".l 
I went '•mvcKil with a cloth « peala. M. ik Voltaire,' i 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



from the idea that women were to 
be treated with the fame polite* 
Defs and attention here^ as in 
the reft of Europe* They af- 
' terwards became more cautious, 
beinjL^ cooviiieed of the neccility 
of takinjz: no notice of the ladies 
before their hufl)ands; and joining 
in with the convivial pleafures of 
the latte*-. foon found means of 
being admitted to greater familiar 
titles with their wives in private^ 
Thus the depravity of the fex in 
Iluf{;a is owing to the tyranny of 
the men. 

The women are captivated mere- 
ly by fenfual pleafures, often giv- 
ing themfclves up to their flavesi 
among which they take care to 
chufe fuch as are moil healthy and 

The manners of this people will 
never be improved^ while the wo- 
suen are kept in a (late of iltvery, 
and do not partake of the plea- 
fures of focLcty. Although the 
men are rcmarkaMy fevere to their 
wivesy yet arc ihev very indul- 
gent to ciicir daughter'. They 
think that married women fhould 
be entirely taken up with their 
hufbands, but that )',reater liberty 
may be allowed to the unmarried, 
thereby to give them opportunities 
of getting hulb^nd* : they very 
foon avail thf^mielvcs of this free- 
dom, without the content of their 
parcnt.v or the fanttion of the 
church. At twelve or thirteen 
years they arr frequently no llran- 
g: r^ 10 the rthcr lex ; but fuch is 
the ini onfiiiency cf tai.s people, 
thjit they cxpctX their daughiers 
fhould llil! be vir:ufa:s, u.Iiilc they 
all' w them luch lilnTty, as ou'*iif 
ever to be rrgu!.:tcJ by a ^'ocd 
education ; they iilio pretend 10 
dcicffflinej with an abloiute cer- 



tainty, whether their daoj 
are fiill virein» $ ;Sis is don 
jury of fkilrul women, whc- 
mine this matter by .rierin] 
the (Iri^ceA examination, 1 
in other coantries^ would bi 
fidered as very indecerc. 

On the day aj jointed fi 
marriage ceremony^ after th 
ties have been joined by 
as in oar church, the Uuy 
rents give an elegant fupf 
which the hufband's family i 
fent, fome friends, rrij a 
cian, who comes with an in:< 
coanterad the witchcraft 
might be pradifed by other 
ciansi to preTent the confu 
tion of the marriage. The 
married couple, attended by i 
father and a godmother, arc 
dueled with the grcateft cere 
into the nuptial chamber I 
f upper. 

The magtcianwalks firft,thi 
father folluwicondafling the k 
the biidegroom gives bi* 
to the godmother, and the b 
man his to the. hufband's d 
female relation, who is one( 
jury, which is generally com 
of three or four women. D 
this proceffion to the ni 
apartment every thing is go 
dy for the fead in the room < 
the company iViys ; who waii 
the return of the married c 
to begin their mirth ; bein{ 
roughly perfuaded, that the 
fion of the jury will be favoi 
to the bride. 

The marriage chamber coi 
in general notliing but a 
wljicli is ufuilly vrrj' neai 
v^iihout curtains ; the ima^e^ 
by the godfathrr and goJn 
to the married couple ; a 
chairs, and a table^ with t 




CHARACTERS. 



ij, and glaSn, new which 
Bttroa is placed, 
ptoceflion having reached 
'riage chamber, [he macron 
le bride a waiter, on which 
%* filled wich brandy and 
qnori: the bride then pre- 
lem to the magician firlt, 
erwardt to the whole com- 
lund ; the magician pre- 
ii mi^ic art ; the bride ii 
ndrefled, and left »iih a 
^tticoacand an onder-waill- 
ly ; both of them made on 

for this dtj, which is con- 
I to volnptuoarnefi. The 
mmh is aifo undrelTtd, and 
;own thrown over him ; the 
lea kilTes all the company 

offers them again a glils 
Af i and when every body 
ok a fecood time, they re- 
1 an anticharober, leaving 
ried conple alone with the 

who affills at the ceremo- 
wbich fhe is the more in. 
, as die receives a reward 
ady it acknowledged to be 

; whereas fhe is obliged, 
mliary happens, to drink 

broken glal's. in the midlt 
company, which ii conli- 

a mark of ignominy. 

ConrHmmation, the jury 
n is called in, who Hrip 
e quite naked, in order lo 
'heiher (he was a virgin. 

thall here pafs by the 
hat are given to the corn- 
on this occaGan, in con- 
1 of the lady's chaflity.] 

all the company u per> 
tiified, the lady dances 
w minutes with her buf- 
id everybody Tits qiiickTv 

the Eaiile, where moll of 
commonlv get drunk, 
were leveial marriages 



while I ftayed at Tobol&r; but 
I could never get any admiffion lo 
any of ihe feafts t one lady in par- 
ticular, oiherwife a very amiable 
woman, was always againft it j 
faying, Ihe was afraid I Jhould 
think their ceremony ridicnloast 
and give an account of it to the 
public. In my way from Tobol- 
Iky back again to St. Petcrfborgh, 
I was invited lo a wedding, and 
appointed bridefman, fo that X had 
then an opportunity of leeing the 
whole tranfa^ioD. 

European manners have gained 
very little ground in Ruffia; be- 
caufe they are not conformable 
to the defpotifm of the govern- 
ment; they have neverthelefs in- 
troduced luxury, and brought on 
a communication between Ruffian* 
and foreigners ; which has only 
contributed to make the Ruffiant 
more unhappy, by giving ihen 
an opportunity of comparing their 
ftate of flavery, with that of a free 
people. 

As I have feen the RuCani at 
the diftance of eight hundred 
leagues from court, I have been 
enabled to ac<]uirc a competent 
knowledge of this people. 

Upon the whole, there is very 
little fociety in RulTia, efpecialljr 
beyond Mofco: neither is it pof- 
fible there Ihould be much, un- 
der a government where no maa 
enjoys that civil liberty, by which 
the fafety of the citizen, in other 
coantties, is fecured. A mutual 
fear prevails among individuals ; 
from hence aril'ei millrnft, difguife, 
:ind deceit. Freodfliip, that fen- 
liment which contributes to the 
happincfi of out livrs, has never 
bren ktrown in Ruffia; it fup- 
pofci a fenfibility which makes an 
sbfolutc union of the two friends, 
C 4 and 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



And effoffions of the hetrt, which 
divide their pleafarei and paini 
reciprocally. As the men have bat 
little refpcA for the women beyond 
Mofco, they are not attended to 
in company, althoagh company is 
nothing without them. They are 
ftlmoft always confined to their 
hoofes ; where they pafs their te. 
dious days iimong their flaves» 
without authority and without em- 
ployment ; they do not even en- 
joy the fatisfadion of reading, for 
moll of them know not how to 
read. I'he men are as ignorant 
as the women. They vifit now 
find then with great ceremony : the 
governors and chief magiftrates 
give grand dinners feveral times in 
a year. Relations al/b meet now 
and then, to keep the feaft of their 
family faint; but they feldom ad- 
mit any perion at thefe feafls, who 
is not one of the family. At the 
great entertainments^ both men 
and women are invited together, 
but they neither fit at the fame ta* 
ble, nor in the Tame room. The 
miftrtfs of the houie does not ap. 
pear in the mens' apartments, till 
they arc juft fitting down to din- 
ner : ihe brings in with her a large 
waiter covered with glaifes full of 
brandy ; «^hich (he prefents, in a 
\ery fubmiflive manner, to al! the 

fueft^, v. ho do nv>t even look at 
eri the glalTes are returned to 
her, and (he withdraws imme- 
diatelv. 

There are always a great nam- 
ber of people at thefe feaiis ; to 
i»hich pcrfons of all ftations are 
invited. Officers, clergy, magi- 
flra:r«, aud merchants, are all 
placed a: the fame table : but with 
this difference, that rank is morf 
ftriAly attended to than in any 
Ocrmu) cotrt^ Military men arc 



placed accordiag to Mt fi 
ranks : and perfoat of odicr 
feflions are difpofed in tke 
manner ; ao regard ii p 
birth. 

AH the difliet are femd 
once. Their foap is made \ 
ting the meat into fnsU p 
the broth. They hare fa 
gouts » which nobody who 
ufed to can eat of. The 
generally covered with fefi 
ramids of roaft meat ; noft 
compofed of different k 
gamcj the reft of butcher 
Chinefe fweatmeats arefei 
ac the fame time, and fon 
of the fruits of the coontry 

Their manner of fittiB; 
ble, and their cuftoms, 
be very fimiiar to thofe wli 
vail in fome diftridb of G( 
but they have adopted ool 
diculous parts of them, wli 
have even rendered Dill n 
culous. A profound files 
ferved during dinner; y 
interrupted only at timci 
healths that are drank. 

As foon as thry fit dow 
ble, each man pours into 
fome of the made.wia< 
mentioned before; and 
rife to drink each othen 
Each gueft is drank t< 
chriftian and furname; an 
of wine is fw allowed to e 
fon's health. 

1 have bren at fome of t 
ner$, w-here there were a 
fixty people all drinking 
other at the fame time. 
attitude5, and the confufio 
ferent found > had a very 
effea. Peter not being 
n.ake James hear him, wis 
ing himfelf over the tal 
bawliog oat as loud is h 




CHARACTERS. j 

te inlbitt, he wm inter' given in m dWereat manner. A 

Fnaci), who wm bow- Urge gUfs botilei to which then ii 
a, or by a knock of the alfo a fUlt top, iipliced on the u- 
1 Philip, who wa< lUfD- hi e before ihe perfoaorthe bigheft 
t from right to left with- rank. Thii petfon rifei from hia 
cmng the podure Prter frit, at well ai hit right-band 
Philip't cara came next: neighbonr, to whom he givei the 
I lifting hi» glafi to his fae.-id of the bottle, and pooriog 
lit neighbour gave him a Tome wine into the cup, givei oot 
! elbow, and fpilling part the Emperor'i health, bowing to 
e, interruptcii him at the the whole compan)'. At foon a> 
strfting moment. Sacb he his drank, he givei the bottle 

thefe, varied iihdiSereDt te hi] neighboor, who paflei the 
ere repeated alffloft at top to the pcrfoo fitting next to 
1 of the table ; and the him. All the company drink the 
f of ihem wai enhanced, Emperor'i health in the fame maa- 
-ving the impatience of ner, while a band of muficiana ia 
he people. At to myfelf, employed in finging fongi adapted 
lever find an opportunity to the ceremony. 
ng any one's health ; but The healths of the princei as J 

head in conllani motion, princcfTes of the royal family we 
;htand left, and forwards, then drank in the fame order, and 
koned a qualification to eating goca on for a iiltle time 
e opportunity fo feafon- longer. 

o drink to every pcrfon's The healths of all the guefta 
without defcending from are then carried round, with ano- 
nity, or meeting with any iher glafa bottle, which is not fo 
beantifulu the £rll, and la covered 
rft health beingover, every with a cruft of bread, 
down, and ii at liberty to This toall goes roond nearly In 
fewmomenti. GUfstum- the fame way as the former, except 

a cylindrical form, fix that when the lid of the bottle i* 
igb, and four wide, are given to ooe'i neighbonr, it ii nfoal 
a different parts of the ta- at the fame time to lell htm the 
'ery gueft within reach of chrillianaadfurnameof the perfon 
efe tumbleri, takes it up whofe health ii going roond ; and 
ksoutofii: it would be this rauft be repeated, making a 

very unpulite, if he was bow to him ; this cnfiom it very 
, glaft, in order to avoid tronblefome to firangers, at the 
: out of the fame tumbler Ruffians have generally three or 
ighfaour. This cullom is four chriflian names. This ce. 

difagreeable, hut at the remouy is carried on with the nt- 
te very dangrrout, on ac- mod gravity, and one mod be very 

the f;urvy, which is »• e*»Q in the whole detail, which 
'lequent in RulSa extends all round the table. How< 

the company has eat for ever deliroui I w^s of being exaft, 
minute.', [he Emperor'i yet 1 was always puzzled when the 
ocj round. This toaA is toad came tome. 1 ufcd to forget 

the 



io ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

the number of faints named to mc« liquors drank after dinneTf «1ikk 

mod of which were never inrolled arc not only very ftrong, but tht 

in cur liiL I wls however very drinking it alfo inceflantly coo* 

much crcrcifirdat thif. Brfidc.s I tinued till the evening. If the 

had ufually for my nciphix)ur st company chufet to take a walks 

Rullian, who was a very (Irid ob- the bottles and glaflei are carried 

ferver of roles; he had acquired along with them | and this tt 

by his ex^^tnefs a right of prefid- looked upon as doing the koooan 

ing over the police cf the table, ccrapleicly. 
and was very much out of temper. Some travellers aflert, that the 

whenever any one was deficient in women as well as the men give 

this point. Thi5 gentleman was themfelve» up to all the ezcefl^of 

fo obliging as to fct me right fre- drinking; but I have always fen 

quently ; but on one occsiion he the contrary. The women, after 

was as muc!) puzzled as myfclf, dinner, remain in the fame roooif 

when two cruHs of bread were pre- growing tired of one another; (or 

fen ted to me frc^ni each fide, one of it is impofiiblc it ihoold be other* 

which had fell fcveral times, con- wife, where thirty women meet 

tr.iry to order, into the plates and together without one man* 
into the bottle. Not knowing There is no other kind of Ibdal 

whom I wus to anfwer, nor what I amufeoaent in ufe thronghoflt the 

was to do with thefe two cruils, I whole nation, from Mofco to To* 

referred the whole affair to him, boiiky; they dance foffletiaesi 

sinJ fat down. He was informed, but that is very rare^ except al 

thut, the company conriuing of weddings. 

fxiy gie[l5, a iccond botilc \\i\d It is about fifty years fince the 

l.crn called for, to hailen the ce. womenaiMofcoandSt.l'eterfborgk 

r'monv ; but he decided, that it have 111,1 !-:cn cfrihe yoke of flavefVi 

vvas better to be dctr.ined two hours to which they were fubjeAed by 

longer at iMc, i!un to ntgkcl thfir hulbands. Before that tioie, 

an\ of tlic Ui'u;ii f(?rm$. tlicv lived, and were treated iathe 

At h(^, the crmprmy rofe from f?mc way a< in other partsofRutaai 

table, and ^cntirio another room. If ihc manners have not been much 

I imagined at firH, that the dinner bc:tercd from this change, it is 

w. s ovc, r.nd iha: we were now to owing to thoir exceiGve depravity 

r.rir.k s. f/er ; but wi;S much fu:- belore it inuk place. Throughout 

y-lv.'\i l: ihi: fi^ht of a !..j.e «.o- KLi"i".;iin gen'jr«l, a man ha» much 

v:r'.'-.l ui:li (Jnincie ivKcrtmc .ts in ;ir.iwt*r tor, il he is but agree* 

I'.'L r urva; :£ vT...i:cJ. iVr ilie to:::- Lhi'/. 

f ;i:.y, v/ith bof.lci. (f ii:'..i'i, bcir, ivlufco appe.ircd to roe prefer- 

aiKi i.iiycr.'^r.t liruj i> i.m.Ic v'lih r.lv<r, in mair.' rcfpcil*, to St.l'c- 

br"»r.."!v. C>:her- t f'^"'.:li: in w«;t- n'Lvir-ii. The city ot Mofco not 

crs u::h gl.il; s. 'J''.': ' ( r.i ji.':i.y 1 1 :i 1: it.. lO ih;:ii two hundred ihort 

t)^cn for in U.r drinliir;: r:\in ; Ic ♦.: 'i'^ ^-^-n: irofi:Si.Pctcrft>urgh, 

and f'Cm li.'s tlmr criii:.* ii\ w is il.»- 'u^ errors. :.ic tco neir the tO' 

::». a* rr... TI c R jlli-.r, iI'..M:r li \..-.<i;'n, lo he tvrannicjl; ard 

ccculiimu'd to "ni^ ir:.rjiir o: l;v- ih-j i 11 h;;bi tints hr enough from 

in^, ici^iom Ltr-.r k; '^iJrti.iity oi tii*: fc.it oi'^o\crnmcut, not to be 

afraid 




CHARACTERS.. it 

)f • fcaffald for flight in' pherS hftvearcribcd tDthenorthera 

Dill of fociKy *. Plearare nations ; the RuUiaD pnfaoia are, 

11 after ftt Mofco, while the on the contfaryi pufilUnimouj and 

aoticin hard]]' vcntare to cowirdiv to ^n incredible derree. 
fit at St. Peterlburgh. There are no principlei of mo* 

CAmmon prople in ReHiai rality among them ; they are more 

no ideal of liberty, are aTraid of negle&ing the lent fajlf, 

efi unhappy than ihe nobles, than of mardering a fellow-ciea- 

f they b-vc but few ivilbes> turc, efpeciallyif be ii a foreigner; 

oW.:entiy their wants are for they do not reckon foreignera 

hey ure unacijuainied with among the number of their bre< 

ndntiry or commerce, efpe- ihren. 

tryond Mofco. Thejtullian The Rafltan and tbePolilb flavs 

BO property of hi) own, is feem to differ from each other in 

indifferent to every thing every refpeA : the Ruffian negleA* 

might better his fortune, agriculture; ij generally itnooral, 

•lenoblejiwhoireconllai-tly crafty nd fjbtle. On the coa- 

r of banilhment, and of trary, the PoliDi flive talcet a plea- 

their eflate) confifcated ; fare in cultivating the land : he ia 

fo mnch employed in im- moral, and {lupid. ^hefe contra- 

; them, a* they are in czpe- lietiei feem to me fufficiently ac- 

» raife a fpeedy fapply of counted for from the different con> 

noney, to gratify their pre- flitntion of the two nations, excTu- 

dinations. five of other canfet, which niajr 

Ruffian country people live poSbly have contributed lo t&M" 

ery indiffrreot kind of food ; blt(h them. 

refore, readijygivingway to The flave in Poland is in pof^ 

I in tiieir Itovc), thev p^fs felfioo of lands which are his own 

ive* in the debaucheries of property) it ii natural, therefore* 

and brandy, which liquor he Ihonld delight in improving 

T they are not always able them ; fince by that he is enabled 

:nre. If we were to Judge to fatisfy all his wants, and to ett> 

a merely from the languid joy the comforts of life, without 

ef lead, it might be ima- having recourfetocriminal afiioni. 

that they have but few He is moreover fubjeA to a fet oF 

on the contrary, they are free nobles, who may venture, in 

canning, and greater rogues every inftance, lo be virtuous wllh 

I y other n'tion, They are impunity. If he is ftnpid, it !• 

narkaMy dextrous at thiev. bccaufely is enflaved. The Ruf' 

rhey are not endowed with lian flave not having one inch of 

lorage which fome pbilofo- ground at his own difpofal, a^rr* 

culture 

. de Montefcjuleu obreiTes, in the ii^h chapter of his liih booh, vhtre- 
xMt «f iiidilcreet wonlt, liu: in the manifcib publiihal by the late 
, jgair.i'. li.j Olp.iriiulki t,.inily -n 1740, oi.c of tho.'c pr ncEi ii fen> 
o de.ili for liavlii^^ iife<l funie in.lfci.t expnllions ibuut ihe Ciarina't 
anorbcr for hiving; milintrrprcted ncr v ife regulMioDi for the Bpod of 
ire, and fur liavioj; otfendcd her lacted perluu by WMd* not luAcieatly 



10 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

culrcre isindiiTsrent to him; he is the only being who can DOtpsrtaki 
^illipfr to enjoy himfelf, end is of it. I'his depravity ftifies aD 
find at' drinking branJy ; but as priii:iples of humanity^ Mz^d all 
he can ffl'iom get it without theft, kind of f'^nTiment. Going, on ny 
or trefpainng;<gair'!} the laws, the return fromToboliky,<oSt.Peterf* 
liear cf punifhmcnt makes him burgh, into a iioufe where I was lo 
cautious and fubtlr. lodge, I found a father cfaaiocd m 
Slivcry has fetafide all the rights a pod in the middle of bit family: 
of nature among the Ruiilans; by his cries, and the little rcstfd 
the human fpecies is in Ruflia a his children paid to him, I ma* 
commerci:] article, fometimes (rKl ^ined he was mad; but this wai 
at a very low price; children are by no means the cafe. In RaSat 
often forced from their mothers pcnple who are ient to raife re- 
arms to be fold to prrfnns given cruit5, go through all thevillagcf| 
up to debauchery. I'hejoy which and pitch upon the men proper for 
other prople conceive on the birth the i'crvice, as butchers, in all 
of their legitimate children is here other par:5, go into the tables Vi 
iir.known. Tl'is event, en the mark the fheep. This man's fim 
contrarv, is a forrowful one to a had been felcdled for the fervice^ 
young woman, ivho knows that and had made his efcape witboat 
bsr cnild may be taken away from the father's knowledge; the father 
ber, at theindant that he is play- was made a prifoner in his ova 
in[> on her knee ; (he fucklcs him, houfe ; his children were bis gaol- 
and takes a great deal of trouble ers,and he was in daily expedarioa 
in briDgin;;; him up; he grcwr., of receiving bis fentence. I vai 
r.nil the tiine draws near when ii\^ fu mii'^h Ihockedwit^ this accoiai, 
is in continual apprchcnfion of and with the fcene I beheld, that 
>>Gn<r; him : Gie never can flitter I was forced to feek another lod|« 
Lcrfelf that, in this beloved child, ing immediately, 
(lie Ihr.li find a fuprcrt and a friend This pradlicc has made theRof- 
in her old ape. U'when fume a hat fians cruel and inhuman : theyaia 
fartiier advanced in life, the child ani;nals whom their maAers think 
jrerceives the tears starting from his they muft cruih with a rod of ifOOi 
mother in confequence of thefe while they continue nnder tha 
drratiful rcEcftions, he afks her yoke*. 

i^e rf.ifcr!, prcflcs her checks be- The Ruffian nobility, having 
i;«crn hi5 little h&nd', fooches her cruel .ind wicked flaves tonllaBtlf 
with !;i:re4, and at length mixes before their eyes, have acquired a 
his teirs v.i:b hers. frveritv which is not natural to 

Tiir me;inefl aninnaU enjoy the them ; as they crouch before iheir 
csi^.^pinefi caufed by the hirih cf fovereii^n, to their fuprriors, and lO 
liieir >0Jii2: Man, in Ruiljj, is all ihoie lr<^m whom ihey have any 

thing 

• 'P.1C ciunmon pcni-lc in RiifT;! nj at pn.Ttiit fo ccriupt, that tlwy muft be 
k'pi tn n tl'r if" ii;;:«l lr» viiMd^' v ilv il.iy c«:nTiunr rnll.ived : but ary maa 
wiiii .. !^^«\> i.^nri'i't tu utiivl, wii'i cji'iiv conceive, t.'ii^T, with pr^.^nrr carCy 
I'.rv niii'hl l*c riiifiki.l (•> iii'-ity, witlun.i h.^vin:; any thine to fc>ir I'ioib liiine 
rtLnvfiiiriiiits wli^h id.'v be ilicu^'>»t tu tulLw ai tliA. While thry are flavcs^ 
hiy will iVk:r Lc v:.;<.u«. 




CHARACTERS. ij 

tpcA, they exercife ibe hi) nation, funk in ignorince for 

i>ro«ralIp«rfoatrubjea more than fcven hnadred years 

choriiy, or Mho have doc paR. Heaoderioolc ajoarneyiota 

to nfift them, Earope, that he miglic become ac- 

nmoD people in RuOla quainiedwith theariiind fcjenccf, 

iiing to coniefl with (he and with every circumflaoce which 

one might rearonably could poffibly tend lo complete 

find happincfi among the defignt be hid forised. Jn the 

In all other parti of cciirfe of hit journey, nothing 

the cocntry people get cicaped hii notice; be vifited ibe 

>o holidayt: the fatheti learned; he fought out the art t ft 

public houfe, oftentimes in hii manufaflory ; made Mmfelf 

m iheirlaboors under the mailer of the art, and being thereby 

nee, and indulging in a mablcd to judge of the abilicteio'f 

Iafi;ibe]r difcourfe about (he artilts, engaged them in tiii 

their ifoclci and fome- fervice, whenever hefound theinta 

converlatioa lurni upoD excel. 

rhile a wretched lidler. All the fovereign power* inte- 

a calk, malcea their chil- relied themfelves warmly in pn>- 

ifiiely happy. moting the fchemes of (hit great 

eaTorei are nnknowo ia man ; nambers of learned men and 

e Gommon people dance artifts of ill kinda, from the feve- 

hen, chieRy on certain rai part* of Europe, fet out for 

e Carnival; when they Ruffia. Peter I. on bii return into 

rgiven up todebanchery hia own dominions, rai fed public 

enneft; fo that one can buildiagiconfecrated totheArlgand 

tnre to travel at luch a Sciences EftibliOimenti, which, 

fear of being ill treated in Europe were formed by degrees, 

). The peafants in Ruf. arofe in Roflia all at once: -the 

ly Aay in their flovei oa nobility bid aGde their beards, as 

aadingat thedoortvith' well ai their ancient manner of 

anyexercife: hzinefi ii drefs : the women, before confined 
tplcaforeihey have,ncxt wholly to their houfes, now made 
and drinking. If a Ruf- iLcir appear^tice in public meet, 
that got allltlemoney, jngs, uuknown in Rtilia till (hi* 
(he public houfe by him- period. The court became bril- 
I it, and gets drunk in a. liant. Peter I. feemed to have 
ei: he is then na longer farmed a new nitinn, though he 
his fortune being taken h^d made t\r> alteration in the po- 
litical coiiftitutiftn of the govern- 
ill conclude this article tncnt: the nation rtmrioed in ■ 
cconot our author gives flate offlxvery, which helUllinade 
{reft which the art* and more fevere. He forced all the 
*e hitherto made in Ruf> nobility, without diSinflion, to 
fctve in the army. A number of 

afceoded the throne of young flavet were chofen oii( froai 

.689; and immediately among the people, and £xed in tha 

; dcfign of enlightening academiei aod fchoolt : of thefs 



14 ANNUAL REGISTEfl, 1770. 



ibme were deflined to literature, 
others defizned for the arts and 
fcicnces, v^ithout any regard to 
their particular talents or inclina- 
tion. Peter himrelfvifi ted the aca- 
demies and the nianufadlories; and 
often took the plane and the chifci 
in hisown hands ; but fn Jtched the 
pencil from the hands of a young 
artift, who was painting Armidu in 
the arms of RinalJo, and ordered 
him to be flocrgcd. 

The fucceflbrs of Tctcr I. pur- 
fucd the fame plan ; the Academy 
of Science's hoAXvcr [^aintd a le- 
putation ; BernouiiIi,DelifIe, Her- 
man and Eulcr kept up the credit 
they had acquired in other coun- 
tries ; the Arts (hone forth with 
fome kind of fplcndor ; but t!te 
Academy loft its repute, and the 
Arts fen fib! y dccrcifcd,a- the great 
wen firil invited into P.uiHa, cither 
died or Iff: the country. The fo- 
vrrcigns tlill continued to fupply 
th.Mr 111 bj efts \* i;h ::blc mnlicr-, and 
to encourage and protccc men of 
abM;:ie5 ; butnotwiihll;;r.Jint{ thcfo 
aJ van treses, not one Riinuu iias 
appc;jrcJ in tlie coorfeof more than 
f:xty years, wlioft; name drfcrvts to 
be recorded in the hillory of the 
Art.< and Science'-. 

Men of abili:ic£>, invited in:o 
Ru(i:a from foreign parts, appear 
mcftly to be difcouriigc.l, and not 
to perfcverc in their llu:Hc£ wiih 
the frjmc earncrtncfs a< they did in 
their oivn coiintrv. In the vcjr 
1761, fevera! forei^^ncis of ilie 
firil r.\nk in the r'^poblicdf Irtier;, 
belonged to the AcaJeiny of St. Pe- 
terfl>ar(^h ; amonsr ihcfc xr.ay be 
mentioned M. Epiney, L- man, 
BiauD, Tauber,Stelin,and Mulcr, 



formerly fecretary to the Acadenf* 
and at prefect direAor of a fchool 
at Mofcc, ai 1 was informed ataf 
return into France. The late Mr. 
Loroan fow, a Ruffian, wib a mu 
of genius; and would have oade 
a confider.-'ble fis^ire in any oiber 
Academy. Mr. Kamoufki, as yet 
too young a man to have acquiiti 
any great degree of reputation, ii 
P'frtfTed of great oat aril abiliiiei, 
cud a thirfl aficr knowleJge. very 
uncommon among the RuOians. 

Notwiihflanding this numberof 
learned men, it fliojld feem ai if 
genius in mod of them wa» wea- 
kened, as foon as tbey came jon> 
Ruflia, fo that the academies and 
fchools feem to derive their ckief 
credit from the names only of the 
learned which are in I^^oilfia. The 
annals of the Sciences furnifh io- 
conteiUble proofs of this afler:ioif 
and any man whohasnctexaroioed 
thcfe, rnnv be convinced of tbii 
truth, by confulting thoufandiof 
travellers, who have refided It Sl 
Pctcrf?iur;.'h, and it Mofco. 

Thii itatc of the Arts itii 
Sciences in Rullia implies a defeat 
the caufc of which mull be fought 
fur» eitlier in a want of genius pe- 
culiar to the nation, or in theoa- 
turc of the government, and !):« 
climate. A philofopher ^i whofe 
name uill be held in veneraticn 
by the I.ijcil pollerity, fpeakingof 
the difiVrcnce of men with rf}p«A 
to clitnite, reprefcnts the people 
ol the Ni:rth a; having coarferftr- 
pans, ;.r,J being animated »iih 
fiuiuH «>f a grotTer kind, bciifr 
ad:.p ed to produce large robull 
bndits ih.tn men of genius; but 
this philofoplicr would have i» 

coafidcr 



• Montenrjulcu, liv. xiv. chip. il. 




CHARACTERS. 



»S 



;m> tt the fame time, 
iTe, fimple, unreferved, 
r people, without po< 
It, having few vices, 

virttut, a gre*t deal 
and hoDelly, and whofe 

are not very amnrous. 
ravelled ia RulHa, I 
a met wiih a people 
athom what I expeAed 
'in the ideas of tbi; ce- 
ilofopher. It roiift be 

i.lhii fubjefl, he has 
he people of ibe North 
lly of their govern ment ; 
fo far altered the nature 
Lnflia, by fubduiog even 
iei which are lead un< 
itroal of the authority 
ngn, that it isextremely 
fccrtain the dittingui fli- 
er of the nation j and 
his reafon that I have 
tfined royfelf to therela- 
« upon thii point, 

nong the Ruffiaot, ai 
it they have a peculiar 
imitation. In Rnffia, 
, mafoni, carpenters, &c. 

aa a foldier is in other 

Each regiment has, in 
irps, all the nectlTary 
1 it not obliged to have 

manofaflurcf, as is the 
-» where elfc. Theyce- 
iheftatnrcwhatemploy- 
1 ta moA lit for. They 
ieralotk trra pattern, 
i to make others like it, 
fs it with the grcaiclt 
but the original muil be 
berwife he would copy 
ta defc^, however eafy 

10 corrcft them. The 
>e obferved iviih rejiard 
id workmen of all it'ia^i. 



This particular talent of the 
Ruffians is fo remarkable, that one 
may fee it prevail in the nation, 
immediately on coming into Ruffia. 
One may ealily perceive, that the 
Ruffians poflefi it in fo eminent a 
degree, that they might have been 
formed into a very different people 
from what iheyare at prcfent. . 

1 have obTervid thai the Ruffiani 
were naturally chearfuj ; that thejr 
have the true fpirit of fociety, and 
that ibey delight in it; thcfe cir- 
cuniftanees are evident in the Raf- 
Ganj who travel into foreign coun- 
tries. Why then is a Ruffian, at 
leafl in fomc refpefli. To different 
from what he might be ? The na- 
tureofeducaiion.andofthegovem- 
inent.willfumifhtbefolutionoftbi* 
problem. 

In a good government, the edo- 
caiion of children IhouJd be di. 
re&ed to virtue, the love of our 
country, and the bappinefs of fc- 
cicty. Such an education is inii- 
maiely connedled with the political 
fyltem of a good government; but 
it fuppofes that the inttrcft of iLe 
fovereign (houlil be the fame a* 
ihatof the nation. The regularhy 
and harmony of a good adniiniDr^- 
ttan confllb in the relatirni and 
exaft eo.-rbi nations of ihefe tuu 
interclta ; this conliituiei the pawcr 
of the fovereign, and the hnppi. 
nefs of the people. Hence ;\tifi;s 
that love of our country, which 
induces every ciiizsn lo conS.lfr 
the good of the nation a> Vif own ; 
public gralituJe infpirej end keeps 
up the luvc of fame, bri;igi for^ii 



, and i 



ifurc 



D the 



poP.e.-iiy. 

The love of fame and of our 

coun-.rv is unknown in Ruffij; 

defpotilm debjfti ibc mind, damps 

the genius, and llillci every kind 

of 



^6 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



of fentiment. In Roflia no perfon 
dares venture to think ; the foal ia 
fo much debafed, that itsfacultiei 
are deftroyed. Fear is almoft the 
only paffion by which the whole 
nation ii a6toated. 

I have (e^n in thrir fchools a 
young mathematician Hudyinj; Eu- 
clid with a piece of wood fattened 
to his neck ; and mafters com- 
manding abilities, as an army is 
taught to exercife. 

I was told by a famous foreign 
artift, who Had the direction of one 
of thefe fchools, that he once 
found among his pupils one of a 
fup:rior genius. DeHrousofpufh- 
ing a young man forward, who 
might dohim honour, he took great 
care in inilrudting him ; he was 
well pleafed to obferve the daily 
ijnprcvenients of his pupil ; but in 
a little time the young man liopt 
ihort. The ariiU, having tried to 
encr.urape him by all kinds of 
mild procfcuinj^"-, aflccd him at lall 
an a very friernlly manner, why ne 
h.iJ tr.ken a C'hllie to ni> bufincf-. 
J am, nnlweicd :lif vnan^^ man, 
ilavc to M***, wf^cn he hnis that 
1 am a profici'.n*, he \vi!l nhlige 
me to work in his own houie, 
where I (hall meet wiih fucii ill 
treatment, that I liad much rather 
live in the fame manner as my 
comp tiiion^. 

1 have kncwn fevcral perfons 
who were j)er«'uaiietl thit the R..r- 
fians were inc«p..l)'e of making 
anv C'-niu'erdblr ir:]provcm'Ti?s in 
any iliin*:. 1 ihirk tin: opinion is 
ci'i'i"Iy j?ronn».W"l."» ; I'uh \ac\s s I 
ha'.ebeci relating of ihis young 
(l.ive, have jjiven rife to ihi» mil- 
lake, Thefr ^ids,nn ihe contrary, 
imply at lc«ll a gnac Ihare o( 
judgment. 

The government has attempted 



to rfAify feme of thefe iBceavs' 
niencies, by ordering that all per* 
font who (houid diftingaiOi thcs- 
felvet at the fchooli, f.oald m 
longer be flaves to their lords, btc 
(hould belong to the ftate. In cUi 
cafe, the lords wilJ either avoid 
fending their flaves co the fchooli, 
or will find fomt- means of keepiig 
them to themfelvee, fo that they 
mud ftill remain in a fiate of 
(lavery, 

I Could mention a number of 
facls of the iame kind as tte 
former, of 4hich I have been wit« 
nels ; but I fliall pifs chea oveit 
to avoid giving offence to iomt 
perfons at prefent in RniEa. The 
fatal efFefts of defpotifm are a« 
tended over all the arts, all the 
manufadores, and are convfycd 
inioalltheworklhops. Theartiii 
are c''*nined down to their work. 
This I have feen frequently, ei'pe* 
cialiyiit Mofco, and itiswithfgch 
uorkmen thatthe RufliansimagiM 
thcv can imitate the manafadonci 
of Lyons. 



Scm^ account cftbeTzvlMT^ ^RafiOf 
uruitr the ^ovirnmcHt of RalEi- 
Frzm tbejume. 

AT length I came to BirDi,i 
villagtr inhabited by Tarlirs 
many of whom came ont to nfft 
me, at the diHance ofawerft froa 
the village, cxprefDng, by fignii 
their ;;r at drfire to ferve me. It 
w:>s rviiimt from the candor and 
tn'.nquillity obfervable in their 
counicnarccs, that thefe profeifioai 
wfrr finer re ; fo that 1 followed 
them without any apprehen(ioai» 
Tli'v placed themfelvrs before my 
c;irri \yr, and conducted rae to the 
huufc of the chief perfon in the 

tiliagPf 




CHARACTERS. 



'7 



e, vlio was held in great 
una among them : hii merit 
U ▼irinei had emitled him 
le over ihrm, wiihoat the 
of an eleAioD. They had 
red a kind of dioDer for me, 
tiDg of iionejr, bultcr. and a 
egctablet. Their houfM are 
ir, as thore of the Siberiani 
irty. In other rerpetts they 
early after the fame manner, 
t that Ibey are Mahome:an». 
cir drefi has foine lefemblance 
K of (he Rofliint. The Tar- 
rear a woollen jacket, wbich 
bind with their girdle ; over 
they have a full long rob* 
Bg loofe and flowing. They 
It M*c boot! on. Their heads 
laved, except on nne fpot at 
■aclc part, which they cover 
a fiDall piece of leather. They 
a cap edged with furi They 
all. ftrong, and well made ; 
heir drefs ii perfeAly becom* 
Notwithftanding the mildnefi 
idr countenances, they have 
he appearance of a warlike 
sdependent people ; and have 
d preferved their former pri- 
M. In war. time, they furnifh 
.nffiaoi with a certain number 
Mpi. which are kept in pay 
e latter. 

le diefs of the Tartar women 
■ bnt little from that of the 
; ii ia Ihorter, and they wear 
irdle above the robe. Their 
drefs i) a cap, fometimes 

in formof afugar-loaf, and 
ed with copec* and glafs 

; a large piece of cloth 
cd to the bick part of the 
ind hanging down below ihe 

ia ornamented in (he fime 
cr. They wear booti, and 
t be taken for rten at firll 
a, XllJ. 



Gghi, if not diftioguiihed by their 
head-drefs. They fhare moft of 
their h'olband) labonrt, by whom 
ihey are very mildly treated, and 
there is not the Icaft fupcrioricy on 
either fide. . The married women 
Teemed to enjoy a perfeS freedom ; 
the girl} on the contrary are mnch 
confined; but notwithftaoding the 
waichfulnefi of fathers and mO- 
theri, they contrive to flip away 
upon feme occafions, which they 
make the moft of. In Siberia, the 
married women are confined, and 
the girls left more at liberty, which 
Ihey alfo do not fail lo take advan- 
tage of, as we have before obferved, 
fo that in all thefe coantriei the 
girls feem ID be very troublefomr. 

The drefs of the RulTinni differs 
from that of the Tartars, inafmuch 
as the iirft weara kind of w.-.iUcoat 
inllead of a tunic, and that they 
often leave their Ihirts hanging ont 
of their breeches. Over the waift- 
coat, they wear a kind of jacket 
with a girdle. They havenoboou, 
but wrap up their Icgi in cloth, 
which they fatten from the bottom, 
with a cord. Their Qioes are com- 
mOElv made of the bart; of trees. 
All ihe common people of RuIHa 
have kept their heinlt, and they all 
wear caps. The drrfj of the Tar- 
(■rs is in every refpeil preferable 
to that of the RuCJan men : the 
firft is elegant, but the latter 
fcanty. The fame cannot be fnid 
of the drefi of the women. That 
of the Tartar women is generally 
more rich, but not alwiyi fo plexf- 
ing. The Ruflian women when 
at home, wear above their fhifri 
a tunic, which teac^es down to 
their heels, tnd ii buttoned at 
the forc-part. When they go oi:t 
of doors, they put on a gown c<- 



i8 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770 



this, and fometimes a man tie. 
Their head-drefs is more like a hat 
than any thing elfe, and is ufaally 
ornamented with copecs and fflafs 
beads. The girls drefs in the lame 
manner, excepting only that they 
have never any caps on, and that 
they only bind their hetdi with a 
kind of ribband. 

When I left Birna» the Tartars 
doubled my number of horfes, on 
account of the mountains we were 
to crofs, without making any dif. 
ference in the price; neither would 
they arccept of any confideratioo 
for the entertainment they had 
given me. 

[Thofe Tartars whom our author 
has defcribed, live ina yery remote 
and defolate country : he gives the 
following account of thofe that in- 
habit the capital city of Cazan, 
and the cultivated country in its 
neighbourhood,] 

I arrived at Cazan the £rft of 
Odober; where a Tartar prince 
was the governor, who received 
me very gracioufly : he had ordered 
an apartment to be got ready for 
me ; but M, Weroffchin, a RufTian, 
whom I h^d the honour of feeing at 
St. Peterlburgh, had been fo kind 
as to give me a lodging at his houfe, 
to which I was conducted. 

The next dny I waited upon the 
governor ; after a few compliments 
had pafled which I did not under- 
fiand» we feated ourfelves round a 
table covered with a beautiful 
carpet ; on which were placed four 
large pipes and a china bowl, full 
of Chmefe tobacco: 1 fmoked for 
a few minutes. After this fome 
iifutkri of the country were fervcd 
up ^iih fweetmeacs, fruics and a 
water me^on : which lad fruit isfo 
exceedingly delicious here, that I 



~ ate nothing elie* Mel< 
great plenty at Cazan ; 
do any hert, how much 
may eat of them. I \ 
fruit fo much better thaa 
ever met with of the 
where elfe, that I broo 
fome of the feeds^ bat th 
an fwer in France. 

A great many of the ii 

of Cazan are Tartars ; i 

far from being perlecoi 

that, on the contrary^ 

treated with the otmoft 

ation ; lb that they are 

tached to their fovereigi 

have preferved the inoi 

their manners, their pro 

their truth ; and are moi 

pofleiTed of fmall fbrtones 

dreis is much richer tha 

the other Tartars 1 har 

fpoken of: the drefs of tl 

is even diiFerent in ibdie 

chiefly with regard to thi 

for I never faw any caps 

form of a fngar-loaf. Th 

drefs is very fimilar to tl 

Ruffians, except that tl 

jewels and pearls iniermi 

their hair. They alfo ma 

ments of the fame kind, 

which they put upon the i 

their gowns ; others are 

round the neck,' and haj 

upon the bread. 

jf/t account of the /ollotviM^ 
people, from thefamiWri 
<u/ doubt not^ bi aine^ 
readers^ 

0/ tifiV/oTlAKt, 

SOWIOLAVA is a 
inhabited by the Woti 
refoived to fpend part o 




CHARACTERS. 



%iA ikcle people, en account of 
Iher fingilir appearance ind drcft. 
BsBr anthori hire reckoned them 
•■oag the Tartiri, but [ coulJ not 
•bferve the leaA anaIo);y between 
tkc two nation*. The Woiiak men 

a«c than foar feet, a Tew inchci 
kigh, and are of a very weak and 
wicaie conHiiotion, The drefi 
tf ibe men ii the fame ai ihat of 
AeRnfliaai; bni tbe ilreA ofthe 
VmcDhainottheleaflrcfenibUnce 
Id thofe I have ben in Silierin, 
nejwcar a bift of coarle linen 
Hi at the bofon like a mnn's 
Inn i and hemmed ai ilii* opening 
nih thread or worfled of differenc 
Obwa. There i* alfe a little or- 
■UUOI of a triangular £gure 
VRMght on the right lide of (he 
* ftifL Thcir.gDwnii woollen, and 
kui ft gnat refemblan.-e to ihe 
kihitof thejefuiis in college; the 
flccfnof the nppcr gown are flic 
a the niddle, to give piifTjge to 
Ac armi t and the lower part of 
tkc flecve general!)' hang) down, 
TUt gown, which rejchei dawn 
hthc legi, ii faRcned at the fore* 
put merely by a giidle, curioufly 
■nagbt. Thejr wear alfo coarfe 
dsth Sockingt. and fandal:, the 
kmt u the Ruffians. ThHr hrail- 
JttGii very remarkiible: ihey fir.'l 
•np np their beadi tvith a tnwel, 
enr which ihey f^iHen, with two 
ftriagi, a kind of iicimei, made 
efike b^fk ot a trrc, and orna- 
Mated at the lbre-|iart with a 
^rce of doth and nith copecii. 
Tbii helmet iiifterward) covered 
ftiih a handkerchief, wrought with 
Artidor worfted of varioui colour-, 
Ud edged with a fringr. Thii 
kctd^refiis above orr foot high. 
Tkcir hair ii divided into two 



treflei, which fall down upon the 
bread with a necklace, fach ai the 
Tariiri wear. One of my atten- 
dants, being defirnui of examining 
thii necklace, opened one of thcle 
womeni' Ihifi* in fuch s manner 
at 10 uncover alt her breaft, at 
which Ihe wii fo far from being 
difplearcd, aUhough it wa» done 
in public, thatfhc laughed at his 

Curinliiy. 

M. Strahlemberg thinks thefe 
people fome of the moll ancient in 
Siberia. They have profcfTed 

ChrilHanity for fevrral years pafl, 
but are fo igncrant, that they have 
not the leall idea <f this religion. 
The Rufliintfent [hem pn''fti,and 
fume troopi, to Convert them. I 
found a RuIEar miflionitry at So- 
wialova, who wai deputed to in- 
ftruQand baptize them. Although 
he was unacquainted with their 
lanijuage, he n^verthelefs made 
Chriftiansaf them; fj that they 
(till adhere to ail the fopertlitiont 
part) of their religion. 

Ai I nas delirous of purchafirg 
one of the womens' drelTei, one 
was brought mr, which they fold 
me for about > guinea. As foon 
»a the penple of the village were 
acquainted »'ith this circumllance, 
ihry got together, and claimed the 
Orel's %Aclc again : far they locked 
upon this asafarrilegiousbargairr, 
the punilhment of which would 
fall on the village, beciufe ihey are 
obliged, by the articles <l their te- 
l:t;ion, to bury (he women with 
trieii cloathi on. The woman from 
whom I had bought the drcfs, wat 
called upon to anlwer the charge 
bio'jghi againft her: fhe owned, 
Aic had fold it; but alledgrd in 
her def;ni.c, that it belonged to 
her late mother, who lived at iba 
C a tima 



ao ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



time they were made Chriftians, 
when the EmprefB had forbidden 
them to bury the dead with their 
cloaths on. The woman was ac- 
quitted ; but the Wotiaks were ftill 
inclined to make me return the 
drefs; which ■ I (hould not have 
been able to keep, without the 
afltdance of the foldieri, who were 
put in a pofture of defence. 

The Wotiak women are gene- 
rally very ugly, and more flovenly 
than any other people of the north, 
except the Samoyedes, according 
to the account I received of them 
from Ruflians who have travelled 
in that province. The Samoyedes 
never wear any (hift: their drefs 
is mndeof the (kin of the rein-deer^ 
in form of a bag. Their dockings 
are of the fame ikin* and they 
A)metimes wear fandals, according 
to the Ruilian fafhion. A RnfTian, 
who hat travelled among the Sa- 
moyede*, mad^ mc a prefent of 
one of ihefe dreiTes. 



Some account rf thf life^ misfortunes, 
a*.d (hnrader of the celthratcd 
Fa'v.urite, Prince Menzikoff"; 
t:ik n from Gf'/rai Mar.tlein*/ 
hijioricni^ pditical^ and military 
iJemoirs r/' Kiifiia. 

C'Aiherine, whofe afcent to the 
I th r ore \%a«- o^vini, to the affec- 
tion of Peter I. died on the i6ch of 
Miy 1727 ; and Voxcv 11. as law- 
ful heir of this vafi cnuiiie, fuc- 
cer<J"d in courfe. Th'*- -'""cwas 
bo»'n in 17 15, from the marriage 
of the Cz .rrwitz with th* prir.cefs 
of Wol fen battel. He was hut 
eleven vears and an half old at his 
acceffion to the crown : upon which 
conlideration, Catherine ha J, in 



the fecood article of her i 
dered that he ihoaid be oi 
tuition of a regencvy confti 
the princeflfet her daughter 
and Elizabeth p of the £ 
Holftein, hufband of the 
Anne, of the prince pf i- 
biftiop of Lnbeckt contn 
marry the princefs Elizabi 
of the mem ben of the co< 
ftate, which at that tine i 
of fix perfoni, ontil he 1 
compliued theagcoffixte 
council of ftatt was com| 
the following members; th 
MenzikofF, the high -ad m 
praxin, the hifirh chancellc 
Golowflcin, the vice-eh 
count Oftermant the adaa 
councellors prince Demetri 
cbelowitz Gallitziop and 
Loukttz Dolgomcki. 

This regency nerer al 
in a body but one fingl 
which was on the day that I 
prefs Catherine died» whea 
was done but to ratify i\ 
which was broke into tw 
after: for it was therein ea 
ordered, that all aflFairt (b 
decided by a plurality oi 
This by no meant fnited 
Menzikoff, who meant to 
arbiter and mafter of afia 
fomuch that the others wc 
to obey his orders. 

It was eafy for him to fu 
this defien, no one daring 
pofe whatever he refolved, 
rifking his ruin. He had 
diatcly, on the death of ] 
got the whole power into hii 
and, in order to maintain 
in it, he had difpofed the 1 
Catherine to accept one 
daughters for fpoufe to the 
ror. She had made an aj 




CHARACTERS. 



her wiU, and Menzikoff', 
St any onc'i ■cccfi to the 
r witboDt bit Imvc, made 

lodged in hii own paUce 
le very day of ilie deceafe 

Emprer*; and this while 
e of Holftein aad hii mi- 
were amufing ihemrdvei 
xalutioai on the noble 
IkCj thongbt they had ftruck, 
iag the regeiicy be given 
ly the wilt of Catherine, 
as in tbii light they conG- 
tbii arraogemeDt. The 
I being at the head of af- 
■d having the prefidepcy in 
locilt they imagined they 
tiave all the votei of it at 
lifpofsl; but Menzikoff', 
crt and deitcroui ihu they, 
cCB early c»e to the coo- 
in Rnffia a cullom, at every 

of reign orof miniftry, to 
; fbme prifoner* of Hate. 
I. not to be wanting in fuch 
:, gave order for the en- 
:Bt of hit grandmother, ihe 
t Eudosia Feodorowna La- 
I,. whom Peter I. bad dj- 
aod confined to a convent 
I : he ordered her a court 
imed to her rank, and in- 
:r to Peierlburgh. But thig 
I having too great an aver. 
;aialt this town, and not 
the miniAr? pliable enough 

her any Aiare in the ga- 
it, rcfolved to remain at 
f, where Ihe lived in retire. 

family of the Lapouchini, 
ilaiioni to that Empref<, 
fo recalled from the exile 
h they had been for fever^l 

t t&s of grace had been 



11 

carried againft the indinatim of 
MeniikolF, at the fuggellion of 
fame of the members of the high> 
coancil, who had found means Id 
foften the young monarch in favour 
of hi) grandmother, and of her 
near relations, and had purfuadeit 
him to inRll on iheir rdeafe fron 
imprifonmeni. 

Though all this was not wery 
pleifing to MenzikofF, he durfl not 
however openly oppofeit, but en- 
deavoured to befet the Emperor, 
to the excIoGon of every one that 
was not of hit crcaiurei; not 
enjoying a moment') reft, in the 
fear of having ill offices done him, 
being fenGble that the whole nation 
deieftcd him. 

Some of the great had already, 
in the piecedtQi ri'ign, entered 
into a combination againft him, 
and wanted the Emprefi lo remove 
him from her councils. Thole 
nobles who had projefted thi>, 
had been employed by Peter 1. in 
the affair of the Czarewiiz, and 
were afraid of the revenge of Pe- 
ter I[. in cafe of his coming to the 
throne, for the ill-treatment which 
his father had received. They 
tried then topurfuade Catherine lo 
fend the young prince to foreign 
counirici to purfuc hii lludies ; 
having refolvcd, that if the Em- 
prefs (hould chance to demife while 
he was abfent, to give him the 
exclufion, and raife the dutcbefi of 
Holllein to the throne. 

Par thi( they had taken their 
time, while Menzikt.ft' was in 
Courland to fettle every thing ; 
and for fear that he- Ihould dilion- 
cert their dcfignh nn his return, 
tlivy had unHcr akcn to give trie 
Knipier> uaa nnpre.Ilont uf bin, 
in whiLh they had fo fufuccceded, 

C 3 that 



ai ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



that her majefty had adlually fign* 
ed ID order for putting him under 
an trreft, before be ihoold re- 
enter Pcterfbcrgh. 

By lingular good.lucic for Men- 
zikoF, the count BafTevitz, firft 
minifter of the duke of HoIRein, 
had taken ic into bis head to fup- 
port this favourite^ and eafily per- 
fuaded his mailer to it, who en. 
treated of the emprefs her forgive- 
nefs of him, and obtained ic. 
MenzikofF being returned to the 
court, was made acquainted with 
the finiHer defigns of his enemies 
againfl him. He caufed a Unti 
refearch to be made of them, and 
all the partizans of the houl'e of 
Holftein were taken up, and fe- 
verely poiviihed. Menzikoff's own 
brother.inlaw, a Portuguefe, caU 
led de Vycira, and the general Pif- 
arew, underwent theknnut; their 
eflates were confifcated, and them, 
felvet fent to Siberia. An aAual 
privy.counfellor, Tolftoy, as well 
as his fen, the general Butttrlin, 
and Tome others, were alfo banifh- 
ed to Siberia: the count Alexan- 
dcr Narifkin, and the general Ouf> 
chakow, wtre refpedlively confined 
to their eftates. 

It was faid, that the count de 
BafTevitz, who, by an over-confi- 
dence in prince MenzikofF, had 
commi^nlcated to him the overtures 
made him by fome of the great 
men of the court, touching their 
partial difpofitions in favour of the 
duchrfs of Holflein, had furniQied 
Meiizikofif w;th the occafion, of 
which he inAantly availed himfelf, 
of breakii.g ail their meafures. 
The others, who dill remained 
atuched to the court of Holflein, 
wereexuemely intimidated at this; 
and conceived at the fame time. 



not only a great diflrofla 
great contempt for Bafl!evin. 

Bat prince Mcnz^kcff « 
fatisfied with their being pi 
at that time, and was deie 
to p refer ve the memory of i 
Kuffia, fo as to prevent an) 
tatio.n to hurt him for the 
Accordingly the council ( 
ifTued a proclamation, by 
folemn warning was given 
any fuch dangerous confedt 
under the penalty of bcii 
nifhed with great rigour. 

The edift was (igr.ed the 
June, and on the fame da 
celebrated the efpoufala. i 
young Enperor with the di 
oi prince MenzikoF. Her 
then imagined himfelf on il 
nacle of earthly felicity. 
remained for him the execai 
but one projeA more, to (i 
above all danger. He wan 
marrv his fon to the 
Duchefs, Natalia, fifter i 
Kmperor ; in virtue of wh 
was to tranfmit the throne o 
fia to his pollerity. The pi 
not ill imagined ; but it fa 
execution. Jn the mean wl 
got himfelf declared generi 
by lea and land. 

The duke and dachefi o 
ilein were now the only perl 
that gave umbrage to Men 
who was afraid lelt the i 
(houlJ form a new part) 
might oppofe his vad dcfign 
at the fame time imagined 
after their quitting the I 
him, no one would dare 
On a fudJen then, he ce: 
keep any meafurcs with th' 
that, throwing in their wa 
kind of dilEculty and dif| 
conllrained thcm^ at Icng 




CHARACTERS. 



'J 



Rofia. Tkeir departure, 
tr, did not Icflen the oum- 

kiaeaemici: the troth is, 
c lud drawn opoo himlelf 
inr&l haired of the n«ioD. 
ksd nkeo the precauiion to 
in nitenducc about the En>- 
none bat hi> own creatorei, 
ich a* owed their fortune to 

bat M he hnd direfily couo- 
mI and Ihockcd all the aitci- 
aiitea, and at, among ihofe 

be conid net well debar of 

to the Emperor, there were 
whofaw with pain their tela- 
in exile, the^ feifed aa occa. 
if making the young prince 
k, that Menzikoff wat exer< 

a perfed defpotifm, which 
J hoping AiJl niore to con- 

hy the confummatioa of 
mperor'a marriage with hit 
iierj tfaati tn Ihuri, tojudoe 
a by hii ambiiion, be might 
it into hit head to attempt 
ling the throne. Tbey at 
une time eaiocftly entreated 
nperor to keep theii fecrec, 
I he proraifed ; aod actually 
iflemble, till he found a fair 
OB for veoting his rcfent> 
: Mcoiikoff foon furnifhed 
' a Drake of terrible giddincfi 
nodence. 

c company of mafons had, 
Mt jullly now remember on 
occafion, made a free gift to 
Enperor of nine thoufand 
1. Thi* prince, havmg a 

to give hit fider the pleafure 
• ptcleDt, (ent her that funi 
oc of his geoilemen ; who. 

OKt by Menzikoff, wa> ajkcd 
m, where he wai going wiih 
ooney ? The gentleman told 
The other replied, •' The 
apctor it ai yet loj yoong to 



*• know how to difpole of money; 
" carry it to my aparimenii | I 
*■ will lake an opportunity to 
" fpcak to him of it." The gen- 
tleman, who knew how dangeroai 
it wai to oppofe the will of Menzi- 
koir, did not fail of obeying him. 
The next day, the priDcefi, fiBer 
to the Empcrrjr, came to pay 
him a vific, according to cuflom. 
She was no foooer in the room, 
than he alked her, if the prelent 
he had feni her was not worth a 
compliment of thanks. The prio- 
cefi naturally anfwcring, that (he 
bad received nothing, ne Empenir 
flew into a great paBtoo, The 
gentleman wat called, and being 
■hed by him what he had done 
with the money given bim to car- 
ry to the princefi. wat obliged, in 
hit own defence, to fay that Men* 
zikofF had taken it from Bim. 
But thii only the more irritated the 
Emperor, who ordered Menzikoff 
to be teat for, and, when he came, 
demanded of him in a great rage, 
how he came to h«ve the boldnefs 
to hinder hit gentleman- from «x- 
ecuiing hii orders? The prince, 
who was not nfed to hear the Em- 
peror'fpealc to him in that. tone, 
wat perfe&ly ihunderllruck. He 
anfwered, however, that it wat 
very well knOwn that the Aaie w*| 
in want of money ; (hat the trra. 
fury was exbaullrdi and that he 
had propoied ihat vrtj day to pre- 
fent a pri<je<\ of the manner in 
which that fum migii.t be more 
ufefuliy employed. H'- added, 
" If, however, your m>j< ft> com- 
" mandt it, I will no only oufe 
" to be returned the n.KC hoifand 
" ducats, but advance you a 
" million of rublct out of m> own 
■• purfe." 

C 4 Th« 



84 ANNUAL REGISTE;R, 1770. 



The Emperor was not pacified 
wich this anfvbcr; but, ftamping 
with his foocy faid, ** [ will make 
'* you know that I am Emperor, 
** and that I will be obeyed.'^ 
Then, turning his back upon him, 
]eft him. McnzikoiF followed 
him, and, at length with much 
incrcacy, appeafed him for th;it 
time; but this calm did not lall 
long. 

A few days afterwards, Menzi- 
kofF fell dangcrouily ill. This 
gave his enemies time to make 
furc of his ruin. The princes 
Dolgorucki, and efpecially the 
Kncz I wan, whofe great favour 
was beginning at that time, pre- 
vailed fo as encifcly to alienaie 
from him the mind of their mailer. 
MenzikofF was not ignorant of 
thefe cabals againlt him, nor of 
the decline of his credit ; but he 
hoped foon to recover his former 
degree of favour, and to over-awe 
the Emperor by that tone of au- 
thority, which he had ufed to take 
towards him. 

As foon then as MenzikofF was 
recovered, he committed a freih 
fault, in i^oing to his country- 
houfc at Oranjenbattm^ which was 
about two miles from Peter hofF, 
where the court had removed dur- 
ing his illnefs. Hn had built a 
chapel at Oranjcnbaum, which he 
wanted to have cunfecrated. The 
Emperor and all his court were in« 
vitcd to alEll at the ceremony. 
But his enemie.s who haJ too 
much caufe to dread his revenge, 
in cafe of his reconciliation with 
the Emperor, perfuaded this prince 
to excufe himfelf on the day of the 
ceremony, under pretence of an 
indifpofition. He followed their 
advice ; and yet, for all that, Men- 
zikofF ^id not apprehend that this 



betokened hit entire difgricf. Hi 
had even the imprudence, daring 
the feftival, to feat himfelf on a 
kii'd of throne, which had been 
placed for his majefly. His cse. 
mies did not fiil of makic; the 
moll of this circumftance, which 
contributed to determine his tVii. 
The fime evening, MeRt'l^'fiF, 
repaired to Peterhoff, where he did 
not find the Emperor, who haJ 
been carried a banting. He ad- 
drefTsd himfelf to the count Oil;r- 
man, with whom he had a coa* 
vcrfation full of acrimony, and 
even accompanied with high 
words. He remained thai Jay sad 
the next at PeterhoflF; bat lae 
Emperor not returning, and all 
the countenances being frozea 
to him, he took the refclution of 
going to Peterlburgh : probably he 
thought he fliould be more forni- 
dablc in the midllof the court. la 
fafl, being arrived at the capiul, 
far from adling the difgraced coir- 
tier, he employed the whole nora- 
ing in going the round of the col- 
leges, and giving orders every 
where. He regulated particular!/ 
the reception intended for the £a- 
peror in his palace^p where he 
imagined he would continue » 
lodge; but towards noon, the ge- 
neral Soltiktrw came, with an or* 
der to remove from his palace (he 
Emperor's furniture, andcsrrvU 
to the imperial fummer-paliiC(> 
. This was a thunder- ft roke to hisi 
at which he loll ail prefence cl 
mind ; but whxit fhocked him nol* 
was, the fL'nding back tr.e focJi 
and furniture ol his ton, who io 
quality of high-chamberUin, wiS 
to loJge ofRcially near the Empc- 
rnr. Jn this coiifaiion of head he 

frll into another fault, that ^ 
fending into quarters the regineflC 




CHARACTERS. 



»S 



;cnDMlaDd, which, for hii 
be had ordered to rncamp 
! ifland of WaGli Ottro**, 
u)l dtfUnce from hii palxce. 
rc{>iiiieM, of which tie had 
colonel from the firft of in 
raifed, was entirely devnted 
i; and it it certain, that it 
nprelTcd hit enemiei with a 

Jie eveoing. the Emperor re- 
I to Peterlburgh, aod the ge- 
Soliikoffwat once mere em'- 
I on a nielTage to McnzikoF, 
lich be anounced to him an 
cfa-rcft. Hii wife and ch.I. 
repured immediaMly to the 
;r-palice, to throw them. 

at the fret of the emperor, 
verefufed admittance. Mean 

Menzikoff wai made to be. 

Ibat be would be only de- 
: of ht! oincei ; that he 
nevetthelefs have all hit 
c left him, and that he would 
-milted to pafs the remaia- 

hii days at Oranjenburgh, 
ty town on the frontJeri of 
krain, which he had built, 
'ea a little fortified. In UQ, 
ttdifpofal of hi) goods and 
I wai left to him, while he 
led at Peterlbutgh ; and 
he went oat of it, hi> train 
Dt in the leall the air of a 
a in difgrace. He wai ac. 
■ued by bit whole family, 
' a great number of domef. 
ud in the manner be wa» 
I on the firft daya of hi) 
f, U did not appear that 
ms aDjr inientioo to do him 



more hart. Bat, on hii arrival , 
at Tweer, a town fituaie on the 
road between MoOcow and I'cterf. 
burgh, he there fdund an order for 
all hi< effeOi to be fealed up, and 
nothing more (o be Icfi him than < 
bare oecelTariei, Hi) guard wai 
doubled, and he wa) more nar- 
rowly watched during the rcA of 
hi) journey. Scarce wa) he arriv- 
ed at Oranjenburgh, when there 
were fenc to him whole rearai of 
complaints made againll him for 
grievance). Thefe were iallantly 
fullowed by commilTarie) who pro> 
ceeded to his trial. He wai con- 
demned to pafi the reft of hi) life at 
Berofowa, fituate on the maft dif- 
t.Dt frontier) of Siberia. Hia 
wife, gro»n blind with weeping, 
died by the way: th.: relt of hia 
family folloifed him into exile. 
He bore hii mitfortunes with more 
firmuers than one would h4ve ima- 
gined in bimi and from being full 
of grofi humoun, with a bad hi- 
bit of body, he lecoveied health 
and plumpneft. Thete were al- 
lowed him ten ruble) a day; a 
fum which not only fufficed him 
for bii wants, but be faved enough 
out of it to build a church, at 
which he himfelf worked hatchet 
in hand. He died in November 
I7Z9,of a repleticn of bluud ; be- 
caule, as it was faid, there was 
not one pcrfoo (0 be found at 
Berofowa who knew how to open 

I'he general opinion on the ori- 
gin of Menzikoff ii, that bis father 
wac a peafaot, who bad placed 



^^U-O/lnM/ is na iHind which makM part of the Icnvn of Pctcrlhurg^ { 
«e of Menzikutf lluuJ tliirc. Pclcr 1. haj made him a prcciit ol tlii: 
fluid, but rcl'iiincd it ruiii>: dme aftrrMvirds, in t^c iiiienti.'n tlixl the 
town of Pctculiur^h llit,uld be builc there ; whitb ltawtv:.r -.vat u;; 



d$ ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

kirn. It Mo&ow, with a paftry- 
cook, and that he carried about 
little pies, fingtng along the ftreets ; 
that the Emperor Peter I. having 
flopped to Ipeak to him, he had 

{(leafed bim with the wit and live- 
incfs of his repartees. Upon this 
he pat him fervant to Monfieur 
Le Fort; thence he took him about 
bb own perfon, and by degrees 
ttade bit fortune. 

Others again fay, . that his fa- 
ther was an officer in the fervice 
of the Czar, Alexis Micha^lowitz, 
and that as it is not extraordinary 
to fee gentlemen ferve in the ila- 
bles of the Czar, Menzikoff had 
alio been employed in them, in 
qoality of one of the head-grooms : 
that Peter having often ipoke to 
bim, bad taken notice of the wit 
and (hrewdnefs of his anfwers, in- 
Ibmucb that he took him oat of 
the ftables, and placed him as a 
more immediate attendant on him- 
lelf ; when, observing ereat ta* 
leats in him, he had, in a few 
years, raifed biro to the firft pofts 
id the empire. 

I have always thought the firft 
of thefe opinions the neareft to the 
truth ; for it is certain, that he 
was ofanobfcure birth, and that 
be began with being a common 
fenrant; after which the Empe- 
ror placed him as a private fol- 
dier in the firft company of regu- 
lar troops which he raifed under 
the appellation Prifr^^wdenit *, 
Peter I. having thence taken him 
about bit perfon, gave him his 
entire confidence, in fuch a man- 
Ber, that, on m^ny occafions, 
Menxikoff eoverned Ruflia with 
tbe fame deA)Otifm as his mafter. 
Hit cicdic nad^ however, been 



greatly diminiflied doring t 
years of the reign of Peter 
it is believed, that if tbc £1 
had lived fome months I 
there woold bave been 
changes at conrt^ and in tl 
niflry. 

By the following cbaraQi 
one may decide which pref 
ated, ttie good or bad qnaJ 
Prince Menzikoff. 

He was firongly attad 
his mafter, and to the maa 
Peter I. for civilizing ibe . 
nation ; affable and polite t 
ftranpers ; that is to* lay, wi 
as did not pretend to bav< 
wit than himfelf ; neitber 
miibehave to thofe of tbe S 
who (hewed fubmifion te 
He treated all who were hi 
riors with gentleoefs, oevc 
getting a fervice done him. 
withal, be gave, on occai 
the greateft dangers* ino 
ble proofs of the neceflary p 
courage. Wherever be ba 
taken a friendibip, be conti 
zealous friend. 

On the other band, be wi 
felTedwith a boundleis ami 
be could not endure a fope 
an equal, and lefs yet one 
could fufped of pretending 
pafs him in nnderHanding 
avarice was inlatiable. 1: 
an implacable enemy, i 
not want for natural wi 
having had no educatioi 
manners were rather coarfe. 
avarice had led him into 
difagreeable explanations 
Peter I. who had fomecimi 
demned him to pay arbitrar 
notwithllanding which, th( 
found, on his imprifoomei 



• PreprovcJtiiMff, for amufement. 




CHARACTERS. 



■e miUieni or rubles, 
plate, and rcaily mo* 

(on anil two cliugh> 
□ had been betrothed 
(tor died, before her 
Kile; the other wai 
itT the reign o( the 
ne, with the ^fneral 
iroD*. brother <o the 
>urlin'(, and tfied in 
>g of ihe year 1737. 
major in the (•uardi. 
t father urat in favour 
ty. all the world aU 
I great deal of wit, 
31 but a child ; fince 

and death of hii Ta- 
re few perfons in the 
e of Ruffia, that hate 

, who, from the low- 
. had been raifod to 
ftationt of life, wouid 
I his career with ho- 
had not been fo infa- 
ambition, at to feek 
>ofleriiy on the throne 
it is the fame rock 
I all the favourite} that 
n have Itrnck, and 



(/ C#«« Biron 
Courland ; /rot 



who had (ervd many 
quality of gentleman 
«r, while the Empreft 
>f Courland, wai de. 
:. and had the blue 
withal the place of 
^riain, vacant by the 
:e IwanDolgorouckt. 
ihii fame Bircn baa 



long aAed To very sreat a part i( 
the court of Pcteifbtirgh, tt najr 
not be improper to give the reader 
fom- knowledge of him. 

Hi) grantifither, wbofe proper 
name was B;rriB, wai head-gToon 
of [he flnbles to lh» duke Jatnea 
III. of Caurlaod; and ai be at- 
tended h;m every where, foond 
mrani to acquire hig favour, iafo- 
much that, by way of gratuity, he 
gave him a farm in free gift. This 
^/n-ra had t«o fooi, of which onft 
entering into the fervice of Poland, ■ 
began with carrying a mulket, and 
ited to the rank of 



gen< 



al. 



The other, father of the BirOB 
of whom 1 have been jull fpeakiogi 
remained in the fervice of Cfinr- 
land, and followed the duke Alex- 
ander, the youngeft of the duke's 
fom, when he went to Hnngary, 
in 1686. The Prince wai wound- 
ed before Buda, and died of hit 
wonndt. Bieren, who had fbtlow- 
ed him, in quality of bit grooa 
of the horfe, with the title belidea 
of lieutenant, brought back bia 
equipagei to Coorland, where they 
gave him the employ ofamaAer- 
huntfman ; fo that what with that,, 
and ihe fmall inheritance ofhia 
father, he nag in tolerably eafjr 
circumRancci. 

Heh.idihree fons; tlieeldeAof 
them, Charlei, began by ferving 
in RulSa, where he was advancea 
10 the rank of an officer, and waa 
taken priToner by the Swedei, iit 
an adion with tbeRuffiini. Hav- 
ing fuund means to efcape out of 
confinement, he went to Poland, 
took on the fervice, and had rifeo 
to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 
He afterward) returned to ilie fer- 
vice of Ruflii, where, io a very 
few >eari, be got to be a general 
officer. 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



98 

officer. He was the mod brutal 
of all men ; and was maimed and 
marked with ihe number of wounds 
which he had received in various 
(crapes, into which his drunkcnnc fs 
and quarrelfomenefs had brought 
him. Ac length in Ruilia, every 
one was come to dread him, and 
to avoid having any thing co fjty 
to him» finpc his brother was be- 
come the favourite, and omnipo- 
tent in the government. 

The fecund fon was Erneftus 
John, who rcfe to the dignity 
of Duke of Courland. 

The third fon, Guflavus, was 
alio a general ofHccr in the Ruf. 
£an feivice. He had begun with 
ferving in Poland. The Emprcfi 
Anne being feated on the throne, 
fent for him* and appointed him 
major of a new-raifed regiment of 
guards. As he wa& brother to the 
favourite, he could cafily obtain 
promotion. He was a very honeft 
man, but without education, and 
of no underflanding. 

I return to the lecond brother: 
He had been for fome time at the 
academy of Koning(berg in Pruf- 
fia, when he was obliged to leave 
it, to avoid being arreted for fome 
bad affairs he had had in Cour- 
land. Finding that he could not 
fubfift without fervice, he went in 
1714 to Petcrlburgh, and folicited 
a gentleman's place at the court 
of the princefs, fpoufe to the 
Csarcwitz. It was then thought 
an impertinent prrfumption, that 
one of fo low a birth (hould pre- 
tend to fuch a pod. lie was no: only 
rcjefled with contempt, buta;ivifcd 
tomakethebellof his way inflantly 
out of Peterfburgh. At his re- 
turn to Mittau, be made an ac- 
quaintance with Beiluchcff, f4- 



ther of the high chancellor, who 
was then mafter of the boufrhold 
at the court of the duchefs of Cour- 
land. Soon he got into ber good 
graces, and had a place of gentle- 
man of the chamber. He «ai 
fcarce fetiKd in it, before he fell 
to work ;it the ruin of his bcnefK. 
tur ; in which he fuccecdcd ib 
uell, that the duchefi not ooly 
forbid him her court, but perfc- 
cuud him as much as (he could, 
and fent De Korf expief»Iy to 
Mofcow, to carry on a iuic agaiaft 
him. 

I'his Bieren, at to his peribo, 
was very handibme, and fooo got 
deep into the favour of the dochefs, 
who took fuch delight in his com- 
pany, that (he made him her coo* 
fident. 

The nobility of Courland ccp- 
ceivcd a great jealou fy againdibii 
new favourite; fome carried it 
fuch a length, that they laid otit 
for occa(ions to pick quarrels «iU 
him. As then he fiood in need of 
a fupport among the nobilitji ^ 
fought the alliance of fome tfci- 
ent family. He met with feitral 
rcfufuls ; at length he prevailed 
over maJemoifefle de Treiiicn, 
maid of honour to the duchefii 
and married her, even before be 
hid got the ccnfent of her friends. 
By this marriage he hoped to g«ia 
ac'midion into the body of the no- 
bility : he (iiliciied ic, and «a* 
har(hly rcfufed. 

The minillry of Ruflia did act 
more like him than the nobility 
of Courland. The fcurvy trick 
he had played Bf (lucheffhad fet the 
whole world againli him, fo ibtt 
he was detefted and defpifrd at 
Mofcow. This went to fu«:h a 
pitch| that when, a little while 

before 




CHARACTERS. 



«9 



of Pcier H. De 
I augmenutina of 
duchefi, the mi- 
uncil of flitc de- 
•nkl]r, and with- 

I Ihoald be done 
rfs, but that they 
Bicten difpofe of 
emperor'] dccnife, 
iei Emprefs, one 
li made to her 
I tt Miitin wai, 
il leave ber fa- 
her there. She 
be prefenil)' lal. 
.fter ibe bad de. 
bfulute fove reign, 
her chambeitaio, 
of her coronaiioo, 
he bonoun above- 

rdinand of Cour- 
' ibe houfe of I^et- 
i, he managed fo 
hii area and ca- 
/ai eirfted duke, 
y became the fo- 
(itry, of which ihe 
It a few yean be. 
admit bim into 

n to advance him. 
er of fortune, he 
of the 



and 



, Fr, 
during ihe wholi 
prefi Anne, a 
: her death, rci; 
dcfpotifm over I 
UGi'. He had 



fenfe, thongh there are fbme tkac 
aver the contrary. It it not with- 
out teafon that the proverb might 
be applied to him, " that affairi 
" form men ;" for, before hit ar> 
rival in Ruflia, be had Dot, per- 
haps, fo much M heard of ihe 
name of politics; whercai, after 
having reCded there fome yeari, 
he knew perfealy well all that re- 
lated lo that empire. The two 
jirll yean, he made a» if he med. 
died with nothing, but at Irngtk 
he took a taAe for biiliiiefi, and 
governed every thing. 

He loved to excc!V pompi and 
magaificence, and had efpecially 
a great fancy for hotfea. The 
minifler of the Emperor, count 
OAein, whodetelled him, ufrd to 
fay, when the count Biron talk) of 
horfei he fpeaks like a man, but 
when be fpealci of men, or to 
men, he fpeaki a> a borfe would 
do. 

Hi* temper wai none of the 
bed: be was hanghty and arnbi* 
tioui beyond all bouodi^ abrupt. • 
and even brutal; avaritious, an 
impliicable enemy, and cruel in 
his puiiihmeniF. fie took a great 
deal of pains lo learn lo diiTemble, 
but could never attain any degree 
ofperfeflion in it. comparable to 
that of count Olterman, who wst 
mailer of the art. 



nd 



edu- 



merof pWJir.f. 

, dcUiiu^e of a 
njlural good 



0//*( ColTacksj airJ tht jugular 
Cujiimt cf tbt Zaporavian Ke> 

THERE are fcveral kindi oF 
the CofTick-; the raort 
k<.otf n ire ihfff of the Don, the 
Z.iporavian ColTaik', and thofe 
of the Ukrain. Tncy inbai'it 
the 



30 ANNUAL REGISTER, \'J^6, 



tBe Ukraine which it alfo ctlled 
Mala Ruffia^ or Little RmJ/tM, 
and is uDqueftionably one of the 
fined countries in Earope; one 
half of it belongs to tne Emperor 
of Ruffia, the other to PoUdJ. 
The Boryfthcnes or Dnieper di- 
Yides this country into two partly 
forming at the fame time their re. 
ipedive frontiers. 

Thefe CofTacks sn^it once a frtt 
nation, defcending from the fame 
face as the Polanders ; but as to 
their religioo, they follow the 
Greek church. When thefe peo- 
ple were ur.Tced, they could bring 
a hundred and fifty thoufsnd men 
into the field. They were long 
under the protef^ion of the repub- 
lic of Poland^ and did it great fer- 
vice in its wars againft the Turks ; 
but the Polanders attempting to 
treat them like (laves, they revolted 
about an hundred years 8go» under 
the condudi of the Hettman Chelm- 
ninfkif who put himfelf under the 
proteflion of the Turks. Some 
years after the death of Chciranin. 
iki» the fuccefTort Dorofcbonko, 
gave hirofclf and country up to 
Ruflia. This brought on a war, 
u-hich terminated in thedcdrudtion 
of the toun of Czi^rin, at that 
time the capital 6\ the Ukrain. 
This happened in the year 1674. 

Tor the fuft years cnfuing they 
preferved a!l their privileges, and 
uere governed by a prince of their 
own chufing among themfelvcs. 
But the Hettman Mazeppa having 
taken the part of Charles XII. 
King of Swtden, Peter I. reduced 
this reAlefs people to a condition 



of inability offtrivingtc 
their yoke. 

At present they have 
any privileges, and ar 
upon in the light of a i 
province. Their laft 
Apoftel, dying in 1734, 
not left at liberty to cbufi 
and are adlnally now got 
a Ruffian Regency, whl 
at Glouchow*. They 1 
lutely bring two-and-twe 
fand men into the field 
ferved in the Ruffian armi 
the laft wars ugainft th 
without having been goo« 
thing but to augment thi 
of their troops. It is no 
reafon believed, that the! 
valour is totally extin£^. ] 
campaign they fcarcedid ; 
fervice than that of bring 
gbns of provifion to the ai 

The Zaporavian Coflac 
bit the iflands of the Bcr 
and a fmall traft of countj 
fide of Crimea, beyond 
radls. They are a colh 
all nations, moftiy hower 
landers, of Ruffians, an< 
Ukrain CofTicks. They » 
merly, fometimes under 
teflon cf the Turks or T 
Crimea, fomciimcs unjer 
Ruffi.i. If I a.Ti not mid 
w;»s fince the year 1734 l 
rcfumed their fubmiffion t 
having prccedenily been 
to the Turks fmce the 
Charles XlPs recourfe to \ 

Their general, or chief 
republic, has the appell 
Rofchowy Hettman. Th 



• ThcTc Memoirs were already written, when the Einprcfs £lizAl>el 
to the inhibit.ints of the Ukraiii ;< ^reat part of their anclcrit privile; 
gave thein at the fame limr, the liberty of chufini; a new Ilcitmani t 
fell on Riril;i Kafotitnouik*, brother of her M.ijdiy'i favourite j and 
he went to the Ukrain to take pciTcHiun of that n-gency. 




CHARACTERS. 



Ji 



I tlicnifelvct, and fw b 
e » pleafes them, they 
( blind obedience; but 
It tbcjr are difcontented 
thejr depofe jiiin, with, 
r cere mcHijr, 'and cbufe 
hit place. 

•wever, reqni6te, fince 
niffion to RuiCi, thai 
tleAton Ibould he alwiyi 
bjr the fegency of Glouc- 
ii it at all improbable, 
incipal notive for their 

o/ten their Rofchowy 

1 i* caflomBry for the 
kke, on thii ocrafion, a 

fcvea thoufand rublei 
V Rorcbowy, who com' 
ire* them among the 
i;oflack«, to attach them 
■at very oficn they do 
m keep hit poft above a 
*, when he is degraded, 
ici again only a private 
many of them ha*eeven 
cred, withont any other 
It the having incurred 
ureoF the mill tit ode. 

of war the court pay* 
oni, and furaiflm ihcm 
Tor the campaign. 
«e hut one lecrctary, or 
;cr, who darei fend or 
lera : if any other wai 
ny the leaft correfpoo- 
would be put to death 
trey, were it even the 
himfclf. But, in cafe 
v coming, it ii carried 
eiary. who read) it in 
' the Elder), 
aberoftroopa they can 

the field ti not fixed, 
waragainfl theTutk), 
and of their horle fervcd 
ffian armie) ; but, on a 
h their bell effoits, they 



could raife twelve or fifteen t&ou- 
£>nd. 

Tbeir coftotni are Angular. No 
Zaporavian Coflack ii allowed to 
be married within the precinfl) of 
their territory. If he ia married, 
his wife mult live in Tome oeigb< 
bouring country, where be rcfona 
to her from time to time; and- 
even ihti locercourre mufl be with- 
out the knowledge of the Elderi; 
but every one may quit thi) Ib- 
it no longer piealea 



him 



ind that without acquainiinE 
Another may come and 



anyone. 

have hi) name inrolled, withoot 
any other cerenony than that of 
declaring that he will conform n 
their cuHom), and fubmit to their 
,lawi. It is for this reafoo that 
they never can precifely afcertaia 
the number of their force*. They 
are divided intodifTcrcot chambera 
or comradclfaipsi and all who an 
pteleni in tbeir capital are obliged 
lo dine and fup in their public 
hallsorrefcaoriei. 

Th«y do not even fulFer women 
to remain at any (Iranger's that 
Ihould come among them, and 
bring any of that ft x with them. 
While the Ruffian) were at war 
agaialt the Turk), the Zapor«> 
viani had received to their tapiial 
a garrifon of regular troop), whicli 
it nothing more than a retrenched 
village, called Selz. The lieu- 
terani-coloncl Glebou', who com. 
mandcd ihole itoapi, being eorip- 
prifed of their cuilom, had fcnt 
for hit wife to come to him. No 
fconer wd Oie arrived, ihan'that 
all the ColTacki, having alTen.bled 
for the purpofe, furroundcd this 
commanding officer*) houfe, and 
demanded what wcm;n theie u-ete 
in i( to be Jelivcicd to them, that 
(hey 



34 ANNUAL liEGlSTfeR, 177(5. 



they might each have their fhare. 
Monf. Glebow had a good deal of 
difficulty to appeafe them, nor 
could ifFcdt it without facrificing 
to them fome caflcs of brandy. 
He was. however, obliged to fend 
away his lady, for fear of a frcfh 
revolt. 

Their manner of ponifl)ing is as 
lingular as their manner of living. 
They are great thieves and robbers ; 
but if any one fliould offer to ileal 
any the lead thing from his com- 
rade, he is tied to a poll in the 
Opened public place of the town : 
a bottle of brandy, a lo&fcf bread, 
and a number of llout fticks, are 
fet by his fide, when every one 
that paiTes has a right to give him 
as many blows as he pleafirs, after 
which he may give the wretch the 
refreshment of a drop of brandy, 
and a morfel of bread. The 
fufF'Tfer, at th« difcretion of the 
judges, remains thu«i tied to the 
po!l a whole night and day, and 
often five times twenty-four hourj. 
After which, if he ha3 the pood- 
Iiict to furvivr the blow, he is re- 
ccrv'jd anew int3 th* locie-y, 

Tnc who!? r- pul)lic \^ mccly 
miiif op of ihicvcf v.n^ va^al): mis 
who fubiill on noiSinj but ra,»iic, 
b( ih in pc::cc and w.t. The H A- 
damacks ^^'^-^ inftrll Poland, arc 
ro c:h?r than ihtie Z. oor.ivi.in 
CofTick*. The court ot Rul-ia 
cannot hir.dcr their ronMPoal cx- 
ci^rGonv; nay, i^ e\en obliged to 
k^cp nu-afurei w'tS them, for fear 
of thfir cnanc^tTig f;dc5. 

The Coilack- of the Don inha- 
bit th;it iraft vvh;c'» is between the 
jivfr Don, th* Cnw* as the ancicn: 
I'm. lis, snd ihc Dcr.wi.'/, or Lit- 
tle Don. ^^'lcv h..vca very gojd 
coiT.iry, feverul pr*:iy town*, and 
l*fgc lilh^c:-. 'i'htir ca^'ital is 



called Czerkafkoi. They areo?L 
ginallvy by defcent, all RoiEti 
prafants, to whom the yoke of 
their marter^ having proved unfof* 
ferable, tl\ey, Hctle by little, took 
refuge in this country, where thef 
formed a commoDweahh* In pr?- 
cefi of time they voluntarily pit 
themfelves under the proceQion of 
the Ruflian empire, by which tbcf 
are treated with great gentleneA 
and moderation. They are tu 
eel lent foldiers, and can brir.g » 
far as fifteen thoufand men into 
the field. The Rufiians draw gm: 
fervice from them again ft ths 
Turks, and Tartar:i of Caban. 
Their general, or chief of thnr 
republic is ftiled VoVlkowoy Atu- 
man ; he is chofen by theoifelres 
from among the principal officeri 
of their nation, but he mutt be 
confirmed by the court. 



Ofih? ancient Scandinaviaps \frt% 
iVl. A^dilec'j KGribifn Amtifuititu 

1 Have already hinted, that tfce 
ancient Scandinavian? breatbiJ 
i:ut:iip[* but war, which i^as it 
once with them the fource of ho- 
nour, rithes and fafety. Their 
eilncation, laws, prejudices wc- 
r;iii:y and religion, all concur:ni 
to r>. kc that their ruling paficn 
and <i\\\\' cbjrft. From their moft 
tcnd'T ai^e ti'.ey applied themCeUci 
to l'\-.rn the military art ; thff 
i ardi-ned their bodies and accaf- 
tomcu themfches to cold, fatigoe, 
and hun;»er. They ex ^r^i fed then- 
iVlvcc in running, in the chafef 
in fwimmi'ig a croft the grrasrt 
rivcr«, r.nd in handling ih'*ir arm*. 
l^he very fports of cnildnood it* 
fclf, and of early youth, were di« 
reeled all towards this end : daa- 




CHARACTERS. 



vere ■Iwsjrs intermingled 
leir play. For it coDfiHed 
ng mghiful leaps.in climb- 
I the Aeepell rock, in Gghc- 
ked with offenGve weipons, 
ftliag wiib the ucmoA fury : 
tbererore coninioa to fee 
at the Bge of Gfieen yean 
f grawD robuft men, and 
I make chemfelvM fearrd in 
r. It wai alfo at this age 
teir yonng men became cheir 
aalten, which ihey A\A by 
iog a fword, a buckler and 
e. Tbii ceremony waa per- 
d in fome public meeiing. 
if ihe principal perfoni of 
9rmbly armed the youth in 
:. *' Thi>," we are told by 
al, " was hit Tiga Firilh, 

entrance opoo dignitiei ; 
on this he made only part of 
family, now he became a 
mber of the fiate," After 
e wai obliged to provide for 
'n fobfifteacr, and wai either' 
to tire by banting, or by 
g in fome incurGon againft 
lemy. Particular care wai 

to prevent ihefe young foN 

from enjoying too early an 
intiBce with tbeoppofite fex, 
KJr limbi hid acauircd all 
igoor of which tkcy were 
le. Indeed they coulJ have 
pe to be accrpiable to the 
a, bat in proponion to the 
ge and addrcfs they had (hown 
r and in their military exer. 
Accordingly we fee in an 
it (bng, preferred by Bortho- 

king of Norway Mtremely 
sed, that, ai he could pcr- 
eight different exercife), hit 
fi flwDtd preTume to lejed his 

I (hall frequently have occa- 
:o produce new infi:ioces of 
I.. XIU. 



33 

tbii manner of thinking among 
their women: itis fufficjentat pre- 
fent to obferve, that they were not 
likely lo fofien their children by 
too much d.-licacy or indulgence. 
Thefe tender creatures were gene- 
rally born in the midll of campi 
and armiet. Their eyei, from the 
moment they were firft opened, 
faw nothing but military fpeAiclea, 
arm), rfTuGon of blood, and com- 
bats either real or in fport : thai 
ai they grew up from their infancy, 
their fouls wtre early difpofed to 
imbibe the ciuel prejudices of their 
father!. 

Their laws fur the moft part 
(like thofe of Ihe ancient Lacede- 
monians] fecroed to know do Other 
virtues than thofe of a military 



31 her c 



I but 



cowardice. They iofiifled the 
greateA penalties on fuch ai fled, 
the 6rlt in battle. The lawi of 
the ancient Danes, according to 
Sixo, excluded iheoi from focicty, 
and declared them infatnous. A- 
moi!g the Germans thia was fome- 
cimei carried fo far as to fuffocate 
coward* in mud; after which they 
covered them over with hurdlei: 
to Ihew, fays Tacitus, that though 
the punilhmeni of crimes Ihould 
be public, there are certain degrees 
of cowardice and infumy which 
ought to be buried in cternaf 
filence. Tli; moll Rattcring di- 
flinflioni were rcferved for fuch as 
hud performed fome Qgnal exploit; 
and the laws ihcmfelvri dldributed 
men into dilTcrtent rank^ according 
to their diifcrent degreci of cou. 
rage. Froiho, king of Denmark, 
had ordained, according to Saxo, 
iliat whoever folicited an eminent 
poA in the army, ouoht upon all 
occafions to attack one enemy; to 
D f*c« 



34 ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 



face two ; to retire only one ftep 
back from three; and not to make 
an adaal retreat till alTaalced by 
four. Hence was formed that pre- 
judice fo deeply roote^ among 
thefe people, that there was no 
other way to acquire glory, but by 
the profeflion of arms, and a fa- 
natic valour : a prejudice the force 
of which difplayed icfelf without 
obftrufHon, at a time when luxury 
wat unknown; when that defire, 
fo natural, and fo active among 
oen, of drawing upon themfelves 
the attention of their equals, had 
but one fingle objeA and fupport ; 
and when their country and their 
fellow-citizeni had no other trca- 
fure but the fame of their exploits, 
and the terror thereby exited io 
their'neighbourt. 

The rules of juftice, far from 
checking thefe prejudices, had been 
themfelves warped and adapted to 
their bias. It is no exaggeration to 
iay, that all the < Gothic and' Celtic 
nations entertained opinions on 
this fabjed, quite oppoHte to the 
theory of our times. They looked 
upon war as a real a A of juftice, 
and efteemed force an incontcfti- 
ble title over the weak, a vinble 
mark that God had intended to 
fubjed them to the ftrong. They 
)iad no doubt but the intentions of 
thisdivinity had been toeftablifh the 
fame dependance among men which 
there is among animals, and fctting 
out from the principleof the inequa- 
lity of men, as our modern civilians 
do from that of their equality, 
they inferred thence that the weak 
had no richt to what they could 
•ot defend. This maxim, which 
formed the bafis of the law of na- 
tions among the ancient inhabitants 



of Europe, being diAated b] 
moft darling paffion, we c 
wonder that they Ihonld (b ii 
aft up to it IB prnAice. 
which, after all, it worft; 
and think at they did, or HI 
modems, with better princi] 
ad as ill ? As to the anciei 
tions, we attribute nothing b 
here bat what is juftified by i 
fandfads. They adopted the 
maxim in all its rigoor, aoi 
the name of Divine JodgoM 
only to the Jvdiciart Coi 
but to confiids and battles 
forts : viAory being in thei 
nion the only certain ma: 
which Providence enables as 
ftinguifh thofe, whom it h; 
pointed tocoromandothers, * 
" lour,^ fays a German war 
Tacitus, '* is the only 
** goods of men, TheGodi 
'■ themfelves oa the fide > 
*' ftrongeftV* 

Laftly, Religion, by am 
eternal happinefs to the ■ 
virtues, had given the laft • 
of adivity to the ardour an 
penfity thefe people had fo 
There were no fatigues, r.< 
gers nor torments capable of 
ing a paflion fowell counten 
and the defire of meriting Ii 
a reward. We have feeo 
motives this religion offered 
votaries ; and we cannot 
recall them in reading foi 
Aances of that courage whi 
ftinguiflied the ancient Sea 
vians, and of their contei 
death itfelf, which 1 (hall p 
from the mod authentic cha 
of Iceland. 

Hiftory informs us, thai 
aoLD, furnamed Blaata 



• Tadt. hift* lib. IV. c. 17. Pclloutier hift. des CcltC5, tom. I. p. 4; 




CHARACTERS. 



^J 



30TBt (■ king of Den- 
lo reigned » ihe middle 
ith centorjp) had founded 
«lli of Pomerinia, which 
ibdaed, a cUy named Ju- 
■mfbarg ; where he feni a 
f yoang Danes, and be- 
efrovernment on a cele- 
arrior named Palnaloko. 
V Ljcatgat bad made of 
a fccond Spirta, and every 
u direflea to thii Gngle 

form complete foldierii. 
or who bti left us the hif- 
iU colony afTurei ui, that 

forbidden there fo much 
lention the name of Fear, 
n the moll imminent dan. 
." Nociliaen of Jomf- 

K> yield to any number, 
great, bnt to fight intre- 
ibont dying, even from a 
rior force. The fight of 
ad inevitable death would 
I so etcufe with ihem for 
oy the lead complaint, or 
ag the flrgbtell apprehen- 
nd thia legiflitor really 
[Q have eradicated from 
s of molt of the youths 
nnder him, all traces of 
iment fo natural and fo 
, which makeg men think 

deftroAion with horror, 
can (hew this better than 
id in their hiDory, which 
n have place here for its 
y. Somcofthem having 
irrnpiion into the terri- 

a powerful Njrwegian 
aed Haqain, were over- 
Qtice of the obHinacy of 
(aacet and the moli di< 
d among them being 
ifoDeri, were, according 
8om of thofe timeg, con- 



demned to death. The new) of 
thig, far from affliding (hem, wa*, 
on the contrary, received with jov> 
The iirft who wai led to paoiu- 
ment was content to fay, without 
changing countenance, and with- 
out expreOing the leaft 6^a of fear, 
" Why (hould not the fame hap- 
" pen to me, as did to my father ? 
•' He died, and fo rauft I." A 
warrior, named Thorchill, who 
W3» to cnt oiF the head of the fe- 
cond, having afted him what he 
felt at the fight of death, he ao- 
fwered, " thathe remembered too 
" well the hwi of Jomfbnrg to 
" utter any wordi'that denoted 
" fear." The third, in reply to 
the fame qneAion, faid, " he re- 
" joiced to die with glory, and 
" that he preferred fuch ■ death 
" to an infamous lifelike that of 
" Thorchill's." The fourth mzde 
an anfwer much longer and more 
extraordinary, ■■ I fuffer with ■ 
" good heart; and the prefent 
•* hour ii tome very agreeable. I 
" only beg of you," added he, 
addrelling himfelf to Thorchill, 
" to be very quick in cutting off 
" my head; for it ii a qoellion 
" often debated by us at Jomfburg, 
" whether one retains any fenfe 
" after being beheaded. I will 
'' therefore grafp this knife in my 
" hand: if after my head is cut 
" off I ftrike it towards yoo, i; 
" will fhew I have not loll all 
" fenfe: if I let it drop, it Will 
" be a proof of the contrary, 
" Make halle therefore, and de- 
" cide the difpuie." ■ Thor- 
f chill,* Adds the biftorian, ■ cct 
' off his head in a molt exped iiioua 
* manner, but the knife, a's might 
■ be expeflcd, dfopt from his 



Midwikiiiga Saga, in Bartholin, de ciufa contempt, : 



t. lib. k c 



36 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

•hand.* The fifth fhewcd the fame proofs of in trrpidity ; o 



fame tranquillity, ami died rallying 
and jeering his enemies. The 
lixch begged of Thorchill, that he 
might not be led to puniOimenl 
like a (beep*; «• flrikc the blow 
«* in my face,** faid he, «« I will 
*' fit ftill without fhrinking; and 
<' take notice whetherlonce wink 
•• my eyes, or betray one fjgn of 
*« fear in my countenance. For 
«« we inhabiiants of Jomlburg are 
** ofed to exercife ourfeives in 
*< trials of this fort, f<) as co meet 
«* the ilroke cf death, without 
«« once moving." He kept his 
promifc before all the fpe£tator>, 
and received the blovi' without be- 
traying the lead fign of fear, or 
fo much as winking hU eyesf. 
The fivcnih, f<iys the hidorian, 
** was a very beautiful young man, 
<« in the flower of his age. His 
•'■ long fair hair, as fine as filk, 
'< Hoated in curls and ringlets on 
«* his (houlder*. Thorchill aflced 
** him what he thought cf death? 
■* 1 recei%'e it willingly, faid he, 
*' frnce I have fui filled the prfcatell 
*' duty of life, and have fecn all 
•* thoi'c put to death whom i would 
«• not furvivr. I only bejr of you 
*« one favour, not to let my hair 
*' be touched by a (lave, or liained 
•« with my blood |." 

This con^i.'iuy in the li<il mo- 
ments was not, howevrr, the pe- 
culiar ef(V«5\ of the laws and edu- 
cation cf the Jomlburt:ian'^. The 
Other Danes have ufien given the 



€€ 
it 
«< 
€t 



ther this was the geoeral chti 

of all the inhabitanu of SciQi 

via. It was with them an in! 

of (hamefol pofillanimity to 

upon fuch cccafions the leaft g 

or to change countenance, bs 

pccially to (hed tears. TbeD 

iays Adam of firemen f # " a 

** marksble for thii, that if 

** have committed any crine, 

" had rathrr fuffrr deaiH, 

** blown There is no othei 

nilhment for them but < 

the ax, or fervitode. A 

groans, complaints, and 

bemoanings of that kin. 

'* which we find relief, the 

** fo de:efted by the Danes, 

** they think it mean to wet 

'* their fins, or for the dea 

•' their deareft relations." I 

a private foldier looked apoii 

as peculiar to weaknefs or fli 

their great warriors, the c 

all who afpired to fame and ] 

carried the contempt of death 

further. King Regner, whc 

finging the pleafare of re© 

death in the field of battle, 

out at the end of a flaasa, 

hours of my life arc 

awiiy, 1 (hall die laughrn 

and many pafTages in anciet 

tory plainly (how that this « 

a poetical hyperbole. Saxo, : 

ing of a fingle combat, fayi 

one of the champions 

LAUGHED, AND DYED, a 

taph as Ihort as energetic f 



<< 



c« 



• Jiirthoi. iiS. i. c. 9, p. 51. f Barthol. ihiJ. 

{In B:iiili<Min it io, IJ uij:c:if.t a te petOy ne mirftd'na me aJ t^zrterr. 
mu outs te inferior icf^.Uutn neum Umat, &c. M. Mailct La* uinittcd \ 
cuiultar.cc uf the Usi.v in ItU 2 J cJit. 

Bartholin r.Ivc-i the i*|>cfch of the Eighth peifor, which, though i 
being not fo Itrikinr; a^ the f rniLV, oiir author has wi!i;!t:tl. 

^ Adnm Hnmcn <lr fitu Danve, c. 21 -5. || Bartlvl. p. 4;. 

^ Saxo Giam. lib. ii. et viiia* Bovivar's BiaiLj Sa^a \\\\\ l>.iit!:ol. 
c« I • p. 5* 




CHARACTERS. 



37 



bcloBgtDg to a king of Nor- 
:lebr>ting in vrrfe the death 
mafter, concludri hi* rulo- 
»thlhefeword<, •' llfUn 
afcerberecoidcd in hiUories, 

kiog Halfer died laugh- 
•.*' A warrior h.iving been 
I upoa his back, id wreilling 
li* eneny, and the latter 
; biaifrlf without hti arm), 
nquilhcd perfon prcmifed to 
fithoill changing hli pollure 
he fetcltrd a Iword -.o kill 
and he rallhfullr kcpl hii 

To die with hii aims in 
id was the vow of rvery free 
■nd the p!ca;m>' iJea thrv 
' thu kir.d of death, would 
V.y l»d them to dn:id fuch 
Cfrcded from difetle .md o!d 
In the joy therft'ore which 
rBified at the approach of a 
: death, they might fie- 
f enpreft no more than their 
:ntimen;t, though doubileft 
I fometirnes interniTxt «i;h 
ition. The grneral tenor of 
ooduA piove) thai they wei^ 
ommonly (incere in tbis ; 
ch » know the pnwer which 
ion, example, and prejudice 
>ver men, will' hnd no diffi. 
B receiving the muJtiiude of 
mtea, which antiquity hath 
of their extraordinary valour. 
sphiloHphy of thejjimbfi," 
'atcrju* Maxima!, " ia gpy 



" aod coariKFoui: they leap for 
" joy in a battle, that they aro 
" going >o quit lif^e in fo gloijoua 
" a manner: io ricknefs ihey la. 
" ment for fear of a Ihimefui aod 
" tniferabtc end f-" Cicero re. 
maiks, that in prop.irtidn at men 
are intrepid to war, they are weak 
and impatient under bodily paini. 
" Happy ID th«ir millake," favi 
Lucan, ■■ are ihe pe.ple who live 
" beneath the Poir ! pr-'luaded 
" that d^aih ij cnly a paffagr to 
" a long lifr, they arr „..diilurbe<l 
•■ bv themoftgrievo.^ofall r-r!, 
" that oi d,"ing. H^nce ijjey 
" eagerly run to armi, and tbejr 
" mindj are capable of meeting 
•• dcjth : hence they efteem it 
" cowardice lo (pare ■ life which 
" they {hall fo -foon recover J." 
The hill'^y of ancient Scsndin.via 
is full of pHffsges exprefliie ot thii 
manner of thinking, fne 'iuftri. 
Oui warrtorf, who lound ihe(ni«l.'ej 
wrtfling by Come lingerii'^ itifi.fc^ 

ac. ufe their fjtc. Thi'y o'leti 
availed themfelve. of the few mo- 
m.-nt) that *-re yet remi.tning, lo 
Alike ofi* life by a wav mor- 'rlo> 
riom. Some of ihem ^voLlil he 
Carrie 1 into a field of ba'ilc, that 
thev might die in theengai>cment: 
othert i\r\v ihcmielve> ; many pro- 
cured thij mcl-ncholy fertice lo be 
peiTorrned ibrm by their friend)^ 



rthol. f. t. 

IjMCl)- lib. ii. cap. utt. 

I only a I'xilii pu^phrafe of Lm 

«riU be gtad tu fee the oiigiual Ivrc. 



t V.il.Mu. lib. ii. cap. t. p. ii. Ciceio 

worJs ii given in ths ttjtt, the 



pritalii leitgm,tamiii/i etf^iiia, viln 

Men wnJia tji. CtrUpspidi ijmi dij'fitil Araoi 

l'tli.ii€:rcri fiio! qimi ilii tiHurum 

Maximui biiM,t un;el Itibi mtlui i indi ratnJi 

Iti J'erTutH^Kfni fretitt lirii, annna^xr cepaeei 

pjirtii i tli^-:avum rtAturm fa(trt tilt. 



• 



2? ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

*who confidered this as a mod fa- << give ap ourfelves to groans »d 

cred duty. " There is on a moan- '* complaintiy or to pat oar r^ 

*' tain in Iceland/' fays the author ** tions to necdlefs cxpenccs, fisa 

of an old Icelandic romance f, <' wc can eaftly follow the czaspii 

" a rock fo high that no animal ** ^6f our fathers who have all gov 

*' can fall from the top and live. « by the way of this rock.'* There 

" Here men betake themfelvcs was fuch another in Swedes, ap- 

'< when they are afRidled and un- propriated to the fame uffywhic^ 

** happy. From t^is piace all our was figaratively called the Hall 

'< ancellors even without waiting of Odin, becaofe it wasakiodof 

•* for ficknefs, have tleparted unto' vcftibule or entry to ibe palace cf 

'^ Odin. It is ufeiefs therefore to that Gud |. LaAly» if oone of 

• 

t The old Saga, or biftory here quoted, contain* a mixture of truth oi 
fi£lion, but (hews us plainly what opinion was held of St7XCit>E, and ksv 
commonly it was praf^ifcd heretotbre in the Nortli. * - 

Procopius attributes the fame thing to the Heruli, a Gothic peo}^. 4H 
Hertdost lays he, n^c fenibuSf nee a^rtrtis fas erat vitam producerts <*/ 9"* 
finium occupaffeti ^*f morlmj, ragare is cogebatur propitupiost ui quai^fu^ 
hcminun numero cum tclUrent. Procop. Goth. lib. ii. c. 14. 

Silius fays of the ancient inhabitants of Spain, 

Prodigagins animst, C^ pt-operarefacillima mortem % 
/famqiu ubi tranfiendnfiorentes tAribus amoi. 
Impatient ir*vi /per/tit novijfeftne^lam 
Htfati modus in dextra eft. 

All thefe authorities, which it would be eafy to multiply, prove that I it- 
tribute nothing to the northern nations, which is not pofiiiveiy confirmed kf 
hiftorians, as well ftrangers as their own countrymen | and that one canESt 
reproach the ancient Scandinavians with thefe barbarous prejudices, withpii 
condemning at the fame time the anceilo.s of lull the nations of Euivpt* 
Vid. Pelloutier,tom.ii. lib. 3. ch. 18. . 

X We have a pariicuhr dcfcription of ihi^ place by Sir William Tenpie; 
which it will be worth whilr to produce at largo. 

" I will not," he f:iys, " troubic myiclf with more padages out of th 
Runic poems concernin;; this Aipcrtlitiouft principle [of prefciiing a fiolfl* 
death, &c.] but will add a tet^imony of it, which was {^iven me atN>nK; 
** Jjuen, by count Oxcnftrrn, the firft of thi' SwetU(h emhaiTudors in that ii- 
*' hmbly. In difcour'l* T'pon this ru!>jf6>, and in confirmation of t' is opiaiM 
*' havinc: bfrn gcncial ai:.'.ng ihc Goths of thole countries; he toki me thm 
** wai; It: 11 in Svvcurn a pla«.c which w.i> a memorial of it, and was ciiifii 
** Odin'SiIIai.l. That It was a great b^iy in the fra, encompalTetl on thnt 
" fide* with Itecp and inji;;;t'd locks ; and th;it in the time of the Gothic pi- 
•* pnil'm, men rhit w'jre iirh r fick of diicalls th?y erttfcm»*d moriil or iocir- 
<• able, or chc prown inv:i'.id with ajjc, and thcrt-by part ail military aftio«i 
** and f»\*rinj; to d'rm'anly and bilirly (as tiicy tdctmed it) in their bedii 
•« they ufi Lilly cauiVil thinuVhvs t<i be brought to the ncarel) part of ihcfc 
*« rock', and fiom thence tin cw thcmfclves down into the lea, honing by t^ 
'•■ boldnifs of fuch a violent death, to renew the pretence of admitlion into the 
«* hall of Odin, which they had loft, bv failinn; to die in con:bat, and vtH 

• • ihtir arms." MiilcUanca, Part II. Effiy j. pait +. T. 

I' »'« 







CHARACTERS. 



3» 



Tclieft were afforded, and e[- 
ly «lien Cbriftiioity had ba- 

tbefe craet praAicei, the 
1 oonroted themfelvei at leaft 
uiag OB complete armoar ai 
M ibef found thrir end ap- 
lioei that making (as it 
a tolemn proieft againll the 
sf death to which ctiej' were 
i ittvolunurily to fabmit. 
thi* it will not be (bought 
tfal that the client) of a 
knd, and all tnofe who in- 
nnder a chief for rome expe' 
, fbould make a vow not to 
c their commaoderi or that 
Mrlhoaldilwaji be performed 
tu rigour*. Neither will it 
prizing that private foldiers 
J fomeiimei form amoog 
elves a kind of Ibciety or con- 
nity, in which the feveral 
■eriengaged.at theexpenceof 
>wn lirei, toavepge the death 
ir aJTociate*, provided it were 
irable and violent. All thefe 
r* were, in their opinion, fo 
favourable and precious oc- 
■ of meriting glory and eter- 
appineft, Accordingly, we 
and any among thefe people 

of cowardice, and the bare 
ion of that vice was alwa^* 
led with univcrfal contempt, 
a who had loll hii buckler, 
lo had received a wound be- 
dnrlk never more appear in 
:. lothehilloryofEnglandf, 
e a famous DaaiQi captain 
I Siward, who had fent his 
> attack a province in Scot- 
alk with great coolnefi thofe 
rODght the news of hii death. 



whether he had received hit wonndi 
behind or before? The meHeDgen 
telling him he was wounded berare, 
the fitther cries oat, " then I have 
" only caofe to rejoice: for ao/ 
" other death would have been 
" unworthy of me and my fan." 
A Gonquerer coald not exercife s 
more terrible vengeance upon hit 
captives, than to condemn them to 
Havery. " There is," fays Sazo, 
" in the heart of the Danei, an 
" infurmountablearerfion to fer- 
" vitude.whichmikes theiiiefteenf 
*' it the mod dreadful of all con- 
*' diiionsf." The fame hiOoriaii 
defcribei to us a king of Denmarkf 
named Frotho, taltca in battle bjr 
a king his enemy, and obSinately 
refnfin^ all offers of life which 
that pnnce could aake him. " To 
" what end," fays he, " fhoald I 
" referve myfelf for fo great a 
" difgracef What good can the 
" remainder of my life afford met 
" that can countcbalance the 
" remembranceof my misfortunes, 
" and the regret which my mifery 
" would eaufe me? And even if 
" you (hoald reftore me my king- 
" dom, if you Ihould bring me 
" back my fifter, if you ftiould 
" repair all the lofsof my tre<ifurr, 
" would all this recover inv ho- 
" nourf AH thefe benelit* would 
" never replace me in my former 
'• fine, but future age* wodU .11- 
" ways fay.FtoTHo HATH BEiN 

" TAKKH BV MIS fNIUY." In 

all combat], and the number of 
tbem is prodigious in the ancient 
hiSoriei of the Nort^, we always 
find both parties continually re- 

Ite fame thing prevailed among divcrfe Celtic nationii they called thole 
OS engaged themlelvei 10 their t\uci*, faidarii. 
•rompton. Ubb. Jom, Chronic, p. 946. 
uoGramm.lib. li:, 

D 4 peating 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770, 



peating tbe words glory, honoar, 
9nd contempt of death, and by 
this means raifing one another to 
that pitch of enthofiafm, which 
produces extraordinary anions. A 
general never forgot to remind his 
troops of thefe motives when he 
^'as going to give battle; and not 
infrequently they prevented him, 
and flew to the engagement of 
themfelves, chanting (ongs of war, 
marching in cadence, and raifing 
fliouts Qt joy. 



0/ Rollo, ihe Conqueror of Nor- 
' mandy; from tbejame* 

HAROLD Harfagre having 
completed the conqueil of 
Norway about the year 870, and be- 
ing defirous of procuring thatrepofe 
for fuch of hift fuhjefts as dweft a- 
long the coails, which thry them- 
felves would noigrant to their neigh- 
bours, prohibited all pirates of 
Norway, under the {fz\txt^ penal- 
ties, from exerci/ing any hofli- 
lities againll their own country*. 
But notwithflanding this prohibi- 
tion, a Norwegian duke f, named 
Rolf or Rollo, fprung, as it is 
fdid, from the ancient kings of 
Norway, made a defcent on the 
provinc* of Vikcn, nor retircfd 
thence till laden with a great booty 
of cattle. Harold, who was in 
the neighbourhood, was enraged 
at Rolio to the lall degree, for 
thus daring to diftbey him aU 
moil in his very pref(*ncc, and in- 
Aantly condemned him to perpe- 



<< 



«« 



taal baniibment from Norwiy* 
In vain the mother of this aafor* 
tunate youth threw herfelf at the 
king's feet, imploring pardoe for 
her fon, and chanting, accordiar 
to the cuftom of thofe time?, thew 
verfes, which the chronicles htvc 
preferved to us: •* It the very 
<' name of our race become baiN 
ful to you ? You drive from hit 
country one of the greateft vfi 
** it has ever produced, the ho- 
** nour of the Norwegiia aobt* 
" lity. Ah! why Will you pro- 
'* voke the wolf to devcor ttf 
" flocks, who wander defeoctlcii 
*' through the woods? Fear, M 
*' becoming outrageous, he (hcald 
^* one day occaiion great oii^fbr- 
*' tunes." The king remained 
inflexible, and Rollo perceiviag 
that he was for ever cut offfroa 
all hopes of return to bis owi 
country, reared with his fleet 
among the ifi^odsof the Hebridesm 
the north-wefl of Scotland, wbitbrr 
the flower of the Norwegian aobi* 
lity had fled for refuge ever fince 
Har >ld had become mailer of tbe 
whole kingdom. He was there 
received with open arms by tbofc 
warriors, whp, eager for cooqaei 
and revenge, waited only for a 
chief to undertake fome glorioas 
enterprize. Rollo fetting hinfelf 
at their head, and feeing hispovft 
formidable, failed towards Eng- 
land, which had been long as it 
were a field open on all fides 10 
the violences of the northern na* 
tions. But the great Alfred bad 
fome years before eftabliQicd focb 



i 



• Torf.ri hift. Non'cg. torn. ii. lib. 11. Ejufd. Diflcrtat. de GauogP 
Rolfo, p. 80. 

t Called in their own lar,guage Jarl, a title of the fame original and im- 
port, as our Anglo-Saxon Earl. T* 

ord(S 




CHARACTERS. 



4> 



part of (he illand, 
fter ffveral fruitlefs 
ifparcd of forming 
rftilcmcni as ftinuM 
lends for the lofi of 
irv. Ke preiendeJ 
ha*ehad a ruprrna- 
«hkh prorr>ifc<J him 

■t left lo fuppoft 
hn follnwrrs. The 
the government in 
I, and the confufion 
itiovclved, were (till 
ve rc-ifons to alTuce 
ef). Having iherf- 
(he Seine lo Rouen, 
:\y lock that capj'al 
,-e, then called Neu- 
n«king it his ciaga- 
, he advanced up ta 
ich he laid fiege in 
event] of (his war 
OK lo 'he Hift..rv of 
■lithe tvorld knoH'-. 
gth endfd in the ro- 
of Neollria, which 
ample was obli^rd to 
Rolla and hiiNor- 
r to puTchafe ■ peace. 



1 It m perpeiu 
i) pofterity, :is 



feu- 



(hey were Cilled by 
for ihe latter would 
oath of fealty to his 



fovereign lord, »nj other wajr thin 
by placing his hand* within thoft 
of the tinp; and abfolmely re- 
fufed to kifa his feet, ai cuftoin 
then required, ft was with great 
difiicuify he was prevailed on lo 
lei une of hi.; wamcrs perrorm ihii 
cetenii>ny in his Dead ; but the 
officT lo whom Rollo deputed this 
f.rvicp, fuddenly raifed the king's 
foot fo high, that he oveitarned 
hiin on his back : a piece of rude~ 
nefs which was only laughed at; 
10 fijch a degree were the Nor- 
mans fcaieJ and Charlea de- 
fpifedt- 

Si^on after, Rolln was perruaded 
to embrace Chriltianiiy, and he 
wai baptized with much ceremonjr 
by the archbiOiop of Rouen in the 
cathedral of ihai ciiv, A; foon a> 
he fawhimrelfiri lull polTilIian of 
Normandy, he exhibited fiich vir- 
loes M rendered ihe province hap. 
py, and deferred to make hii for- 
mer onrr«ges forgotten, Reltgi- 
oui, v.ire, and liberal, thii cap. 
lain of pitates became, after Al- 
fred, the greatell and moA bu> 
manr prince of bij time. Farfrom 
irealing Normandy as a conqorrd 
province, his whole aitrntion wa* 
employed lo te-eflablilh it. Thi* 
country wa«, by the frequent de- 
vallaiioni of the ScanJ in avians, 
rtndeied fo drferc and uncolii- 
vated, that Rollo could not at firS 
refide in it ; but Charles waa 
obliged to yield up Bri'auny to 
him for a while, till Normandjr 



oui treaty was concluded al S. Cla-r, A. D. 911, by which 
retd to give hl> diuehirr GileJe in mamagc 10 Kollo, tt^Her 
of Neuttria llncc cniled Normandy, upon condiiiun that be 
tgfi tu« ii, and would embr^ice the Chrillian Religion. (Vid. 
itogifiue dc i'liilt. de Ftai.ce, par M. iicnaull. T. 

Gemmcl. lib. ii. c. 11. 



42 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



was in a condition to furniih fab- 
iiftence to its new mailers. Ne- 
verthclcfs, the fertility of the foil, 
fecondin^ the indudry of the peo- 
ple, it became, in a few years, 
one of the fint!k provinces of Eu- 
rope. Thus it was that this 
prince, afterwards known under 
the name of Rollo or Raoul I. 
fecured to his children this noble 
prirefTion, which they, two hun- 
<*red years afterwards, augmented 
bv the conqnell of England: As 
if it were ceiHned that this iH i.d 
Ihou'd at all times receive its {f>~ 
Vereigns from anuMig tiic northern 
fir.tirns. As 10 the French hiHo- 
fi;»ns, ihev jigrce with the Icc!an« 
die chioniclcs, in defcribing Rol- 
lo as a man of uncommon wifdom 
2nd capacity; generou?, eloquent, 
indefatigable, i«itrepid, of a no- 
ble figure and majeQic (ize. Ma- 
ny other Scandinavian princes and 
captains are drawn in the fame co- 
lours. Such were Harold Har- 
fagre, Olave Trygguefon, Mag- 
ffiif* king of Norway, Canute the 
Great, &c. mrn born with truly 
"heroic qujlities, which they, alas ! 
degraded by injul^ice andinhuma- 
T^ity : but who wanted only ano- 
tlier age and another education 
to render them mod accomplished 
pcrfons. 



barbarian. Having been oblige! 
to leave Denmark, he got loge* 
ther a numeroos corps ofadvea- 
turrrs, with whom he crofled ofer 
into England, where he gtinf^ 
two fignal vi£torirs; ihen putting 
ro (ea again, makes a defers: ii 
Fiiefland, which he compelled to 
pay a tribute. Afterwards, fail- 
ing towards France, he feiz^d oa 
Rouen, and repaired its wails aid 
towers, to ferve him as a place of 
arms ; from whence he ofcd to 
fally out, fometimffs ictoEnglaoi), 
fometimes into France, Here, ir« 
rita^ed by his mifcarriape at tke 
fiege of Chartres, his ravages and 
cruelties were fuch, that depatirs 
came from all parts, petitiooiog 
the king to pnrchafe peace at feo^ 
rare. Rollo infilled on all tbat 
fea coaft which he had fo ofteo ri« 
vaged, and ther? was no deiiyio| 
him. Thus that part of Neoftrii, 
which foon came to be called Nor* 
mandy from the name of its afarp- 
ers, bfcame a feparate (late ()ۥ 
pendant on the crown only by at 
empty form of homage ; and Bri- 
tany, once a kingdom, funk ioto 
an arrierefief. 

The new duke, after foac in* 
ftruftion in our holy myfteries,*is 
baptized in the cathedral of Rooeo, 
now the capital of his domioioos- 






[To illuftrate the chara£ler of It is obferred on this occatoi 
ihis Norman conqueror, we (h.»ll that the Normans, though foch 
<M|-join the: foHowinc fx trail from 
A'-.ly's account of him in his hif- 
lory of France. "1 

Si:ch ws the f!nie of France 



enemirs to the Chriilian rafft, 
never offered at compelling an/ 
one to renounce Chriiianityt 
The only blots in duke Rollo or 



uSrn afack'd by Rollo, one of Robert's charader were, that l»» 

•be mod r.lullrious chief* of the ronfort Gifela, daughter to ChaiW 

Normans, and whom a thoufand IV. pin rd to death for his ill treat- 

1: ic qualities both cf mind and ment of her; and his beheadisg 

n* ■'••, with th? (»race^i Inir«« of his two pfrfons of note, whom tb« 

pt::t.j, railed :hovr :Lc cpiihctof king had fcnt with a remonftrisce 




CHARACTERS. 



« 



K angcneioa) behavi- 
or hU rabjcfi), them 
1 with the molt eietn- 
im and goodneft ; and 
\y fuppreffed all rapine 
t, that, under his go- 
■ pair of gold bracelets 
oak doring three yean, 
' one offering to touch 
t well known, that tor 
e after hit death, the 
; out his name implied 
or the magillraiei to 
qnell fome didorbance. 
rife w the cty Hart, in 
, a word derived from 






t for 



'saffillance. Soch 
lion of that renowned 
olonf, whofe blood, 
ih that of the Franks, 
< to England and Si- 



ft tf tbt Albigenfes ; 
:lly'j nno Hijlery ef 

chnrch hid. enjoyed % 
ta tranquilirty for near 
■ie», *hfn Aimery de 
% do£)or "-f the univer- 
iris, difTrminated ff-me 
ifive dogma). Thii 
who had more learning 
ufual in hi) lime, aJ- 
t paradife anJ hell were 
that the pleafure of 
at all our heaven, ind 
11, gnilc and ignorance; 
>ve of the Holy Spirit 
led ihaiof JefuiCbrift: 
oul of it vvai charily : 

■ Rame gave a fjntUon 

■ itfelf. 1 ne hcrefiarch 
I to Rome, wa< obliged 
and through grief and 



Ihime fhorteaed hit life, the rvil 
ended not with htm. A coancil 
meeting at Parti, condemned to 
thcAalce all perfooi coavi&ed of 
holding fuch mariins, fpariog; 
only the women and fome mean 
people, whofe ignorance had been 
the more eafily impofed on, Aim> 
ery'f corpfe wai digged ap, hii 
booei burnt, and big aihei hurled 
about in the air. A book wai 
likewife committed to the damet, 
ai the foorcefrom whence the dt>c- 
tor had drawn bit impious fubiiU 
iie«: this wm Jri^tiU't \Uls- 
plyjici, which the French at Con- 
Itaniinople had lately iianfmitted 
to their own conniry, and the 
reading or copying and even ibe 
keepitig of it in one'* houfe was 
prohibited, under penalty of ex- 
communication. Aimery'i fol- 
lowers, terrified at fuch rigoroui 
procedures, forfook honfeindre« 
laiions, and went and incorpo^ 
rated thcmfelvri with the Albigen. 
fes. That was the name given to 
all feftarirs agreeing among them- 
fflves lo contemn the authority of 
the church, to oppofe the ofe of 
the ficraments, and fet alide the 
antieni difciptine. Under thisge. 
neral appellation were compre. 
hended the Artans, who denied 
the divinity ofChrilt; ibe Mini- 
chees, who held iwo principle*, 
one good the other evil ; the 
Vandot), or the poor of Lion, 
whofe only error at firS wai a ve- 
neration for inafllve [>over:y, and 
a coniempt of the clergy ; the Pe. 
trobufiani and Heoriciani, who 
rejected the f^craments, and all 
oniward worlhip; the Apoftolict. 
who boalted that they alone were 
Chrift's true myAical body; the 
Pnliiiciani, who would not allow 
of aoy [cmpora] dominion or jo. 
lifdiftiLil 



44 ANNUAL |IE 

vifdiAion in ecclefiadics ; the Pop- 
lican5, or Publicans, who execrat- 
ed baptifm, the eucharill, and 
v»arria(»e; the Patarins, whofc 
charaAeridi^ doctrine was infa- 
■lous ; and the Caiharians, who 
made profeiTion ot a Angular pu. 
Kty. Thefc were all called Aibi- 
|>enresy either from the council of 
Albi*9 anathenn.itiling their errors, 
or from that city and its environs 
Iteing p^ticclarly infected with 
ihem. 

The fltetch of their doftrinrs 
and xnaune^^» as drawn by cotcm- 
porarv authors, carries in it fomc' 
thing ^> ablard and horrid, as a!« 
noil to leave a fufpirion of exag- 
jffraticti. The Albij^enles, Liy 
they^ believed x^o Gods; one 
l«encirf l^nt, the author < f ihe New 
Tcfla:nent, who had two wivcf. 
Coolant and Coiibant, and was the 
father of leveral children, r.mong 
others of Chrill and the d^viI ; the 
rthcr nialevoient, fan'^uinary, and 
<^ceicful, the inlKituTor of the old 
l;iw, and who bo h proiciuird the 
patriarchs whilll living, and hnd 
•'amncd them all :ift(r their dea;h. 
They likcwile held two Chrills: 
rnc all wickedncfb, born ai Beth- 
Ichccn, and crucihcd :it jrrufA^r.), 
and wh^» fjirJa tcmuf'.ne atiteJ Ma- 
rt Iifitj;;r/;/tri, ft /r,r' Jcr i}azir9 ttcn 
itimght iM atiuhtrf : ihc <iihtr all 
jjootir.c^, inxihbl^, jmuI who nt. 
T«T liw. l!fd in tlii«i vv.»ri«.l but fpl- 
fUtaitv, and then in the body of 
S(. I'au!. '^rhey (^id that the 
church nf Ronir ws ih*- gr»Mt 
ivhorc fj/oki'n rf in ihe R' vcla- 
fion< ; ih''v i»cc<»uiM''d the iacr.;- 
Iiient^ hitiliti'*-, callrj m. rri.jj^c 
pn ti:tu:i-ni. thtr rucharilt a clii- 
irier;i, the i**{\:TTf ti\**f\ a ridi- ii- 
)ou3 talr, .ind it.e worihip of ima- 
ges dcieiliAbic iJoutr/. Thty had 



fpveral orders, as the FirfiB^ tbe 
Beiinferst all profri&Dg the high- 
ell purity, yet all imnerfed in the 
viletl fenfu all ties, on this deter* 
table principle. That there is » /t 
beioiv tbe gi^^U* 

Tne vehemence of the fcAarift 
in propagating fuch tenets rouzfd 
the church's zeal. Pope Inno. 
cent appointed two Bcrnardine 
monks to try thefe mifcreantf, 
with a power of excommunicatiog 
them, and, by the cenfures of tbe 
church, of com^elliog the lorii 
and others to confifcate their fub- 
flance of any kind, to drive them 
out of their lands, and, whrnr?- 
frai^ory, to put them to dcaib. 
This was the firft foandatioo of 
the inquintion. 

The croiies foon incredfed to 
five hundred th^ufand men, and 
the Count de Tuuloufe beiag theo 
chief of the Albigenfes, this ami* 
titude firll fell on Beaiers, hisc* 
pTtn^ which was carried at the 
firit afTiuli, and nearfeventy ihoa- 
funi fiiuls murdered in coldbloeti, 
without regard to age or fex. It 
is faid that the croilcs, previoufty 
to the afluuls confuhed the ahb't 
de Citeaux wh;^t thev (hootd do. 
25 there was no diftingu-.ihing x*"*^ 
c<'4tholics from the hemic*. Kd 
cA\ anfivered the monk, GrV 
kncxLi bii oxkh. So true it is, that 
no fiff burns fo fierce as that 
kindled at God's kitar. 



7/v ChiroLltr 0/" Con flan tine /^i 
Crffaf ; J'lOM the Jirft *vclumt tf 
Mr. L** Beau's lUfitry tf M 
L ) A c r E 1 T . p i r c , lately fuhlijbei. 

WH F N Conft.intiu$ Chlorus 
was nude Cae'ir in 29^1 
and Mas ftat into Gaul for tne 

defence 




CHARACTERS. 



4f 



( of t1>e Wfft, CT.rt*ntii.e 
■tfriDK apon hit nirncenih 
Dioclrfiin krp' Kim n-^r 
rfon u ■ hrifUge, lo aifure 
f of ihe fiJcliiy of hi^ fd- 
nd ciafrd him to be treated 
cnutt wiih the mull flaiier 
•noati and dillinclinn-. He 
lim inio E-vpt with hint, 
I ihe WAT agdinll Achiilci, 
iDiine, rtjuall)' quaiilird to 
mil to comiiand, ^aineJ the 
of ih« Emp«ror, and [he 
f the troop* by his bravery, 
idrrllanding, hi) generuGiy, 
ftrengii i-f b'lly, ih«i re- 
every f*tigii-. It wm pro- 
in ihii rxppJiiinn [hat he 
liJe Tribune of the Firft 



dent, and at the fame time readf 
in determining: In (han, to fioilb 
here bis portrait, hii vifage wta 
broad and of a frelh colour, with 
but little hair and beard, hii eyes 
large, hi) look piercing but con- 
ciliating, his necic rather thick, 
and hit nofe aquiline, hii coDfti- 
tu;ion delicaie and riiher oa- 
he^lihy, but which he contrived 
lo fave by leading a fober and ab- 
llemious life, and by moderalion 
ii\hit pleafuret. 

He was chilte in hii manner). 
His y uih, eotrety occupied witK 
great anJ n'We defigm, wa) free 
troiT. the fulliei incident to that 
aee. He m:irrieH youifg, and u 
it Oiould feetn ub ut i^ie time of 
going into Egypt, Tnc binb 



riling glory drew upon him 


<.f Minervintt, hit (irfi wif<r, ii », 


eve. Ai hii return from 


unknown as that of Helena, and 


the people ran out to meet 


authors are not Isfj divideJ abouc 


and prrffed with cgernefs 


her rink. The ifTue of this al- 


:4io a figSt of him: Every 


liance was a Prince called Crifpu*. 


announced a Prince born 


emiuent for his good qualities anU 


e Empire. He marched at 


his miif-ittunei. He «3s born a- 


;ht hand of Di'-clnian; His 


bout the vear 300, mi it was con- 


:nefs dii}injuj(hed him from 


fi-quenily in tne Baft, where hi* 


;ft._ A noble nau5htiner,. 


father re.lded at that time, ani 


1 «ir ol llrenglh anil vigour. 


not at Arie?, as fo.-ne auihurs have 


d throughout hit who'e per- 


foppofed. 


Tciird at the firfl glance a 


Hiltoriansarc nrt agreed in re- 


ent of fear. Kut thi, wa.- 


fpert 10 Con^hnt'ne's ktowledge 


;(>rft waj icf:rr-d bv an a- 


and tade rir leitcrs 1 S-.me allow 


lie fer-nitv fiireaJ over hi» 


him only a (ii^hi linctur.-, o(h<-ri 


rs. He had a i.cjri great. 


make him entinly ijinorant, .1 few 


, xnd Inclined n ma^nia. 


reprefent hin- 1: Uiuroughl/ verf-J 


! full of" cn?rige, probilv. 


in them. His pnegyria Euf:. 


love of jjiic-, wlii.h mo- 


bii't, very ^i.;!l^,■ cx:o.s hii liuow- 


d hi) nati;rJ ambition. 


l.-i';:~ and hii el-q-j-nce, and give* 


>ut thi) ciiutif.TpoiiV, t^Te 


r.:i:icr -n unfi>rton;.tr proof of 


othtog h- woaia n'.t hive 


th fe great ck'siur.n by a vety 



ind without jealoufy; prii. more f;;r the 



46 ANNUAL REGISTER, 177a 

tare than they require of a great other» he commanded bin to it* 

Prince: Not facisfied with pro- tack a chief* who, from hii pia^ 

teding them, with looking upon digioot fixe, appeared the not 

them as one of the greateft orna- formidable of all the Barhariaai. 

snents of his Empire, and encon- Conftantine ruibes ftrait apon tke 

raging them by his bonnty, he enemy, ftrikes him down, aad 

was fond of compofing, and even dragging him by the hair, bnon 

of pronouncing orations, fiut, him trembling to the feet of to 

l>efides that the taAe for letters was general. Another time, be n- 

not that of the court, in which he ceived orders to fling hinfelfm 

had been brought up, and that horfeback into a morafs, bebiai 

none of the Princes of that-time, which were pofted the Sarautiaai, 

except Maximin, piqued them* and of which the depth -^was mc 

felves upon their knowledge, we known : He pafles ir, (bitm$ the 

fee by the little that remains of his way to the Roman troops ;'oTcr- 

writings, that he had fcarce more throws the enemy, and retorassf* 

learning and eloquence than was ter having gained a glorious vk- 

neceflary to gain the applau fes of tory. It is even faid, that the ly- 

his courtiers, and to perfuade him- rant having obliged bim to coa- 

fcif, that he was not delUtute of bat a furioot lion. Conftaatiie 

thofe qualities. came off from this combat allb^ 

I cannot believe what feme hif- triumphing over that terrible ani- 
torians fay, that Diodefian, jea- mal, and the wicked defigas of 
lous of Con(lantine*s merit, wifiied Galerius. 
to deftroy him. So black a defign ConlUntios had feveral tiiaei 
agrees better with the charadler of demanded the return of bis fea 
Galerius, to whom others attri- without being able to get bim oat 
bute it. It appears, that after the of the hands of his colleague. At 
expedition into Egypt, Conftan- lad, being upon the poiut of go- 
tine attended the Tatter in fcvcral ing into Great Britain to laake 
wars : His fmgular valour gave war againft the PiAs, the bad ftate 
umbrage to this bafe and arrogant of his health made him fear the 
man: Galerius, determined to ruin leaving him at his death to tkt 
him, immediately removed him mercy of an ambitions and bloodf 
from the rank of Cxfar, which tyrant. He fpoke in a firmer tone I 
was due to him by his mf ric, by the Ton, on his fide, warmly foli* 
hi? quality, as Ton of Conftaoiius, cited permiflion to rejoin bii fi* 
by the efteem of theEmpcrorf, and ther ; and Galerius, who dared 
by the love of the people, lie re- not break openly with Conftanuas 
tatned him however at his court, confented at lad to the departora 
where the life of this young Prince of Conibntine. He gave him ia 
was in greater danger, than in the the evening the neceflary warraat 
midfl of battics. for poft-horfes, with exprefs ia* 

Under the pretence of procuring jundions not to fet off the neat 

him glory, Galerius expofcd him morning, till he had received frelh 

to the grearcil peril?. In a war orders from him. It was with re* 

:i?qinft the Sarmaii.-ns, when the gret that he fuifered hit prey to 

two ftrmies were in fight of each cfcape, and he only made ufeof 







CHARACTERS. 



47 



f, that tie Aill might find 
lence to ftop hioi, or'thit 
t bave time to give noiite 
It lo deiiin hint, when he 
aTi through Italy. TKe 
Gileriui affeAcd lo re- 
bed till noon, and having 
Condaniine to be callrd, 
iflied to hear that he had 
1 the beginning of the 
Trembling with rage, be 
im lo be purfard and 
back : bat the purfoit wis 

impoflible : Conflantine 
ih the uimofi expedition, 
the precaution to csufi:- a!l 
horTet that he left on hii 
e ham-ftiingedi and the 
rage of the tyrant only 

the regret of not hav- 
'd 10 perpetrate the lait 

mine like lightning tri- 
lyria, and the Alps, be- 
rui could have any ncwi 
.nd arrived at the port of 
■, as the fleet wai Tetting 
e joy of ConSantiui at 
>ped for encounter is not 
eelTed. He receivei into 
thii Ton whom To many 
had rendered flill dearer 
and mixing togettier their 
] every mark of ilieir af- 
hej arrived in Great Bri- 
lere ConAintius having 
d the Pias, fell fick. and 
tjih of Juiy, in (be year 

ive beheld oar hero, wi:h 
»y» of the rifing fun re- 
Ktn him ; let u> now cra- 

wiih our author, and be- 
aiAure in that fober light, 
reftedof all glare, the pans 

their trae coloorg ; when 
ind SIC the judgej, aod 



power can neither prevent ceofsrci 
nor richeg gain a plaudit.] 

Conflaniine died the aii oF 
May, being Whicrundiy, at 
nonn, in the Confulate of Pelici- 
anus aid Titian; having reigned 
ihiriy yean, nine month*, and 
twenty-fcveti days, and lived Gxty> 
three yean, two months, and 
twrnty-five days. 

As foon as he w» dead,- hia 
guard) Iheived figni of the mot 
poignant grief: they tore their 
clothrs, ihcy threw theoifelvc) op- 
oti the ground and beat their 
head). In the midft of their foba 
and lamentable cries, th;y called 
him their miller, their emperort 
their father. The Tnbaoei, the 
Cetiiurions, and the foldieri, who 
h>id fo often bren witneflei of bii 
valour in xht Geld, feemed defiroa* 
of following him even lo the grave. 
Thii loft was more grievous ta 
them than the mofl blo[«iy defeat. 
The inhabitants of Nicomedia ran 
confofedly thr^-ugh the Rrett'i 
mixing their groani and tears. It 
wai a particular mourning in every 
family ; every one, in weeping fnr 
his Prince, wept fcr his own pri- 
vate bfs. 

The body xtm carried to Con- 
fliniinopte in a golden coffin co. 
vered with pnrple. The foldiei* 
■n penGve filencc preceded and 
followed the corpfe. It was df- 
pofiied ndorncd with ibe purple 
and diadem in chE principal ap^rt. 
ment of ihe'paljtc, upon an ele- 
vated tllrade in the midit of a 
great number of ilambvaov iit 
golden candlellicks. The guards 
lurrouoded i: night and day. The 
generals, count* and grcii o£ceii 
crime every day, ai if lie h^d liteti 
Itill living, to pjy their duty kt 
Aatrd 



48 ANRtJAL REGl STER, 1770. 

- s 



Hated times, and falatrd him with 
the bended knee. Tlie fenators 
and roagillrates entered afterwards 
in their turn ; and after them a 
crowd of people of every age and 
fex. 

The whole Empire lamented 
this great Prince, His conqueds, 
his law.^y thefuperb edifices, with 
which he had adorned all the pro- 
vinceSy Conllaniinople itielf, the 
whole of which was one mngnifi- 
cent monument erf6)eii to his glory, 
had gained him the general admi- • 
raikn : his liberality and love for 
his people had acquired him their 
afie^ion. He was fond of the city 
of Rheims* and it 19 undoubtedly 
to him, and not to his fon, that v^e 
ought to attribute the building of 
hot*baths there at his own expence: 
the pompous elogium, which the 
infcription of thefe baths bears, 
can only be applicable to the fa- 
ther ; he had diichareed Tripoli in 
.Afric?, and Nice in Uithynia, from 
ccrtniit hurthcnfome contributions, 
to which the prrceding Emperors 
had Jiihj(»fted ihele cities for more 
t')an a tenturv. He had accrpifd 
the title ut Stiate^'us or Praetor of 
Aihens, a dignity wh'ch fincc Gal- 
I'C.iRus w.?s become fupcM lor to that 
i( Archon: he caufcd a large 
c;i.aRtity of corn to be (!iilribut:*d 
t'^crc arnuH'lv ; and this clomtioa 
\. .i i*(iab!ifh(d for ever. Rome 
i :!i il'zcd i ulf beyond the other 
%.;i*.-N by ihe cxcefs of her grief. 
>.,,. rrj^ro.:c}nd hcrfclf wiih having 
t car.t n 'd ihis Prinrc ni.»ny bitter 
it^iCticjv, .ind with h.'.vii g forced 
him 10 prefrr DyZ'.niiuin ; penc- 
tr:itvJ w:th rrj^ri^t Or* accult'd !i:'r- 
i'-If as ihi' ;.'uiiiy caufc tf the clc- 
%a:ion of h'T nunicrn rivnl. The 
ItHs a'ld r.iark:ts w -re ftiut up j 
;he fpcClacifk ^nd all other public 



amufements were forbid ; the ge« 
neral converCuioa was apoa the 
loft which they had fafiained. 
The people declared aloud that 
they would have no other coperon 
than the children of Conftantinc 
They demanded with importanity» 
that the corps of their Emperor 
fliouid be fent to them ; and their 
grief augmented when they learnedt 
that it remained at Condantioople. 
Thev paid honours to ihc pictuic 
of him, in which he was reprc- 
fented ;ls feated in heaven. IdDla- 
try, ever extravagant, placed hia 
anion^d the number of ihofe gods 
which he had overthrown, an«i by 
a ridiculous confufion, feveral of 
his medals bear the title of Gcd 
with the monogram of Chrift. li 
the cabinets of antiquarians are 
prcfeirved others, fuch as Eofebtai 
defcribes; Con llan tine ii there fen 
fcated in a car drawn by fbar 
horfes : he appears to be drawn op 
to heaven by a hand, which cofflcs 
ou! of the cloudf. 

The church h^s paid him mere 
TC2[ honours. Wnilli the Pagaci 
w-re making him a god, ths 
Chrillians made him a f.int. Hii 
feilivals were celebrated in the Ej2 
uith that of Helena, and the fer- 
vice for him, which is ver\-aDciesC 
among the Greek?, attributei ta 
him miracles and cures* At Cob* 
ftantinople a monarilery was bailc 
under the name of Saint Coofba* 
tire. ExtraorcMiiary honours wcic 
paid :o his tomb and to his ftstae* 
wliich were placed upon a ccIoniB 
of porphyry. The fathers cf thf 
council of Chalcedon thought thrr 
did honour to Marciao, the moll 
rr!'giou5 ot princes, by faloiiflff 
him with the name of the Ne* 
Cor !lan tine, in the ninth centuryi 
at Rome, they dill ic^itcd His 

oaiH 



I 




CHARACTERS! 



49 



. Uifi with that of Thro- 
be firft, and of the relt of 
ft refpcfied priocei. Ta 
1 there >vere fevcral chorches 
ari dedicited to him. In 
■ there it the town of Saint 
.tine.roiirinilesfroin Mount 
M. At Prague ia Bohe- 
1 BUmoTj wat for a long 
>noured, and /bme of his 
wtft preferred there. The 
on of Conftancine and of 
have extended even into 
y : and the modem Greeks 
iljr gire him the title of 
lit Jfijlltt. 

antine't failiogt will not 
1 to fiibfcribe to To hyper- 
lo eologiuni. The ^ght- 
Uclei of fo many cap^vei 
d by wild beaSt, the death 
in who wai innocent, that 
•Ife whofe loo precipitate 
rem bore the appearance 
ice, fulficienily evince that 
>d of the barbariani Ai!l 
in. his veini ; and that if 
good and merciful in hii 
r, he became cruel and 
fal Ihrpaeh paflion. Pcr- 
had fufijcient caufe to put 
I the two Licinii ; but pof- 
I a right to condemn prin- 

have not taken the irou- 
iuftify themrelvei at their 
. He loved the church ; 
in liberty and fplendcr to 
ut eafy to be feduced, he 
:d it when he thought to 
, relying too much upon 

undcrlUnding, and re- 
vith too much crrHuIiiy 
e good faith of wickid 
ho fuiroundcd him ; he 

1 up to pcrTccution prc- 
iho, with greater rraf.m 

to be comp2rcd to the 
The exile and dsrtcfitioa 
XIIL 



of the defender* of the faith of 
Nice, balance at leaft the glory 
of having aftemhled that famous 
council. Incapable himfelf of dif. 
fimulatioD, he too ea&ly became 
the dupe of heretics and counieri. 
Imitator of Titili Antoninus, and 
Marcus Aureliu;, he loved hit 
people, and wilhed to be beloved 
by them j but this very fund of 
goodnefi, which made him che- 
rilh them, rendered them mifera- 
ble; he fpared even tbofe who pil- 
laged ihem; quick and ardent in 
prohibiting abtifes, flow and back- 
ward in poniOiing them ; covetous 
of glory, and perhaps 



much in trifles 



Hei 



repr. 



iched 



with having been matt addifl'ed to 
raillery than becomes a great 
prince. As for the red, he was 
challe, piou<, laborious, ai li in- 
defatigable; a great general, fi:c- 
celiful in war, and dcf^'riing hti 
fuccefs by his (hinirg valour, and 
by the brig^itncfiof his peniusj a 
proteAor of artt, and an rncru- 
rager of them by his hci-rficcnce. 
if we compare himnith At'^udus, 
we fliall 6nd that he ruini'd ido. 
latry by I'n!; fame precauiiiTt, and 
the fame addrcfs, which t);c: other 
finpl-iyed to dcilroy liberiy. Like 
Aiguliui, he laid the |i-ur.!a\ior» 
of a new empire; bjl !clV !ki\tu', 
and Icfi politic, he lOulJ no: v\vc 
h the fame ftnbilily; he wrake'ncd 
the body of ihc Ibie bv adding to 
it, in fome meaiuT, a ftcond head 
in the foundation of Cor.ftaniino- 
plc; and trAnfporiing the crnier 
of motion and I'renrth too neir 
the eallern ei^tremitv, he tefi wiih- 
outhoat, and almol uiihrnn lif,, 
liie wdlern parts, whitli f.'on bt. 
ca.ii-.irrcv toihcharb-^rian.. 

The l'.i;;.ns vere to£> n 
cn-mie) to do hiiii jullic 



ich hii 



50 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



tropins fays, that ia the former 
part of his reign, he was equal to 
the moft accompliihed princes, 
and in the latter to the meaneft. 
The younger Vif^or, who makes 
him to have reigned more than 
one-and-thirty years, pretends that 
in the firft ten years he was a hero, 
)n the twelve fucceeding ones a 
robbrr, and in the ten lalt a fprnd- 
thrift. Itiseafy to perceivr, with 
refpcft to thefe two reproaches of 
Victor's, that the one relates to 
the riches which Conftantine took 
from idolatry, and the other to 
thofe with which he loaded the 
church. 



Au Account of the Circoncelliones, 
in Africa ^from tht/amt, 

OU R author, after giving an 
account of the Donatills, 
proceeds as follows : 

A haughty, extravagant, fiery 
ff Jl was a fubjed thorougMy pre- 
p;;.cd for fanniicirm ; accordingly 
ihtre i-rofc among thcni, in v^hat 
yc:ir is net prccil^ly known, but 
during the life of CvTii flan line, 
a fp^cics of madmen, \%ho wt-re 
called CircofictlUcnts^ becaulc they 
ucrc continually rambling round 
the houf?s in the country. J*, is 
i'^crcJibli* what ravage^> anJ cruel- 
lir^ thcfe vagaboncs con.n<i;tcJ in 
A'iita tl.roii- h a long Arrics of 
vtars, Tluy were illiterate, fa- 
\ . gc |:enl*jrit? , who undcrllood ciily 
the I'lMiic l.'.ii^;u3gr. Intoxicjied 
wilh a h-krbaroii:» zcfil, thry rc» 
noinCfJa^/ici!lri.rr, profcflcJ con- 
lii I nee, and aUurncd the title of 
\'i I: die J tors of Jul! Ice, an J Pro- 
lii') M.- oi the O;-; roll, 'i'o accom- 
|!«Ih their miiliein, tluy enfL-n. 
iliiuJ ]lav«.f, icour.J the reads. 



forced mafiers to alight from thu 
chariots, and ran before didr 
flaves, whoa theyoblieed iDmoni 
in their place; and difchaf|d 
debtors, killing the creditors, if 
they refafed to cancel their boiidi. 
But the chief objeA of their aaeltf 
was the Catholics, and efpcdsUf 
thofe who had renounced Dopt- 
tifm. At firil they ufed no fivrrdi, 
becaufe God bad forbid the ifedf 
one to St. Peter ; but they woe 
armed with clubs, which tbey 
c&lled the clubs of Ifrael ; ui 
which they handled ia fbch I 
manner, as to break all the boici 
of a man without killing biaci 
the foot; fo that he languifliedi 
longtime,' and then died. Wba 
the^ took away a man's life it 
once, they looked npon it as a fa- 
vour. They became leli fcript- 
lous afterwards, and made uie of 
all forts of arms Thrir fiioflt 
was Pniiit hi to GeJi thefe «oi\ii 
in their mouths %vrre a figoal of 
flaughterj more teirible than ibe 
ro.irifig of a lion. They had i»- 
wni^d an unhcdtrd-cf paniQirDevt; 
which was to cover wiih lime, di« 
Ir.ted u it'll vinegar, the cyrs of 
thoiV uniiappy wretches, whcoi 
t!:e'. had crullied with bloa«, ;r.J 
cu\y.icJ v^ith wou:id«, and toabj"« 
den th'-u) In 'hat cotiditiur. N-.^cr 
wa-j a flronger proor, vha: Korren 
fup(rlliti<. n can bcgrc in ta'z^-ii 
dclli'ute of iwuowletlgc and bu. 
ni<iiiit». Tiicfe i)ru:ci, i%!ioKad 
n.Tiic a vowot chafti*y, gaveihea- 
felics up CO uine, and all forts of 
impurities, running about wick 
Women and \oLrg girh as drnnk 
as thrmfcives, uhom tbrv uM 
facrcd virg:n.s, and who cft'.n car- 
ricrii proofs of their inconuncficr. 
TNrir chiefs took the name tf 

After having 
gluiici 



Clirfj ffthc Su».itj. 




CHARACTERS. 



J« 



demfelvci with blood, 
ned their nee opon them- 
id foaght death with the 
f with which ibej gave it 
*. Some fcrainblcd up to 
of rocki, and cift tbem- 
>WD headlong in mulci- 
iher* burned thcnifelves, 
- ihemrelves into the Tea. 
who ptopofed to acquire 

of mariyrg, poblilhtd it 
ire; upoD which they were 
lOd faitened like oxen for 

after thefe preparaiions, 
lot tobedeftroyed. Son;e- 
ey gave money to thoTe 
ley met, and threatened 
er them if they did not 
en Biarlyra. Theodotet 

account of a flout, bold 
.ao, who, meeting with a 

thefe fanatic), confented 
hem. provided he might 
m firft; and having by 
IS put it ou: of their power 

ihcmrdvei, whipped them 
ai be wa) able, and left 
d,in that manner. Their 
reienJed M blame them, 
I made ufe of them to in* 
fuch ai might be tempted 
■ their fcfl i ihey even ho- 
em ai fainit. They were 
ver able to goiern thefe 
lopfteri ; and more than 
id ihemfelveg under a ne. 
' abandoning thtfm, and 
mploring theafiillance of 
ar power againll them. 
t* Urfacint and Tanrinus 
loyed to (juell them : they 

a great number of them, 
the DonaiilU made fo 
rtyn. Urfaciai, wbo was 
Catholic, and a religioui 
ing loll hii life in ao eu> 

with the Barbarian!, the 

did Dot fail to triumph 



in fait death, ai an cfleft of the 
vengeance of Heaven. Africa wai 
the theatre of thefe bloody fcenei, 
durintr the remainder of Coiiftan> 
tine'.iife. 



CbaraatrcfLtvi'n Xdl. (/France; 
fr,m £W Herbert >/^Cherbury'f 
Mimeiri. 

THIS being done, I prefentcd 
to the Itine a letter of Cre- 
dence from the Iting my maAer) 
the king alTiiied me of a reciprocal 
affcAion to the khg my mafier, 
and of my particular welcome to 
his court: ait word) were never 
many, aa being fo extreme a Aut- 
lerer, that he wonid fometiinea 
hold hi* tongue out of; his 'moorh 
a good while before he iould fpealc * 
fo mnch ai one word ; he had be- 
fidei a double row of teeth, and 
was obferved feldooi or never to 
fpit or blow his nofe, or to fweac 
much, tho' he were very laboriou), 
and almoA indefatigable io bit ex* 
ercifes of hunting and hawking, to 
which he was moch addiAedj 
neither did it hinder him, tho* ho 
wa* barft id bit body, ai we call 
it, or Heroiofut ; for he was noted 
in thofe fportg, ihongh ofienttilie* 
on foot, to tire not only hia coar- 
tiert, but even big lackies, being 
equally infenlible, as waa thoaght, 
either of heat or cold ; his under- 
flandiog and natural parti were aa 
gnod as could be expeded, in one 
that was brought up in fo mach ' 
ignorance, which wai on purpofe 
fo done that he might be the longer 
governed; howbcii be acquired in 
time a great knowledge in affairs, 
as convcrfJDg for the moll psrt 
with wife and atlive perfons. He 
wa* noted lo have two t^aalitiei 
?. I incident 



argaed by this : that when tboc 
was qaeftion made aboat Tone bi- 
finefs in Bohemia^ he demaadcd 
whether it was an inland coanrn, 
or lay opon the fern ? 



52 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 

incident to all who were ignorantly 
brought up, fufpicion and diffimu* 
lation; for as ignorant perfons 
walk to much in the dark, they 
cannot be exempt from fear of 
ftumbling; and as they are like- 
wife deprived of, or deficient in 
thofe true principles, by which 
they (hould govern both public 
and private anions in a wife, folid, 
and demonflrative way, they flrive 
commonly lo fupply ihefc impcr- 
fedions with covert arts, which 
though it may be fometimes excuf- 



ablem n^ceflirous perfons, and be 
indeed frequent among thofe who 
negotiate in fmall matters, yet is 
condemnable in princes, who pro. 
ceeding upon foundations of reafon 
and flrength, ought not to fubroit 
themfelves to uich poor helps : 
howbeit I muflobferve, that neither 
his fears did take away his courage, 
when there was occafion to ufc it, 
nOr his diflimulation extend itfelf 
to the doing of private mifchiefs 
to his fubjc^s, either of one or 
the other religion : his favourite 
was one Monfieur De Luynes, who 
in his non-age gained much upon 
the king, by making hawkcs fly 
at all little birds in his gardens, 
and by making fome of thofe little 
birds again catch butterflies; and 
had the king ufcd him for no other 
purpofe, he might have been to- 
lerated ; but as, when the king 
came to a riper anc, the govern- 
ment of public affairs was drawn 
chiefly from his counfels, not a 
few errors were committed. 
' The queen-mother, princes, and 
nobles of that kingdom repined 
chat bis advices to the kin^ fhould 
be fo prevalent, which alfb at lall 
caufed a civil war in that kingdom. 
How unfit this man was for the 
credit he had with the king may be 



A fieri Cbara0er rf tin Uu Sir 
Jofeph Yates. 

THE late Sir Jofeph Yatei 
was one of thole who, very 
early in life, attached himfelf to 
the ftudy of the laws, not ai the 
generality of ftodents do, either 
from the appointment of pareots, 
or the mere motives of drawing 
pecuniary refourcet from the pro- 
fefTion, but from the more liberil 
principle of informing himfelf is 
a fcience, which only appealed 
important to him from being «• 
pable of defending the lives and 
properties of individuals. With 
this open and enlarged turn of 
mind, he purfued hii enquiriei 
with a perfeverance and precifioa 
almofl peculiar to himfelf, till the 
profcfTion repaid him, by ftcripg 
his mind with an nniverfal knoft« 
ledge of its laws, which very rarely 
falls to the lot of the greateft u- 
Icnts, or mofl diligent refearchcSi 
His invincible modefly, however, 
repelled him the notice of the pub- 
lic for many vears, till at laft the 
repeated jultaefs of his opinions, 
and forcibility of his pleadings 
procured him a coif, firom vhcDce 
he was fome time afterwardi pro- 
moted to one of the judges of the 
King's-Bcnch. 

In this charafler he alwa^icoa- 
dudled himfelf with a dignity lo^ 
impartiality that refleded hooour 
even on that refpeflable fituatiofl. 
The right of the fubjed, and the 
dignity of the crown, were oe\-er 

CCCi- 




ttallr explained by will or 
iufm, bat by tbe ritablilbed 
|e of the law -, and a ncady 
lal obrervanre of Ji, formed 
rariable rale of his conduit, 
chargti to Jutter, were not 
trgei of an Afiatic Cadi df- 
g . bii own will, but the 
« of a BritiHi judge in the 
'liberiy.and will be rcmem- 
ior man]' years with pleafure 

lovers of freedom and ora- 

In ihefe he appeared more 
lardian of che people, than 
(er of the crown ; and hit 
ice medium, as a dIRribuior 
« To ftri'!>ly, that the of- 
I party, whillt ihey fell the 
;CB«nt, couM not ;cfriin ap- 
ng ibe chaaiTer. 
ugh Dniverl'j] in his bnow- 
Df the laws, his forte con- 
r lay in common pleadings, 
vbtch he was the nioft mi- 
acqaajnted of any man of 
le. SeDGble that his talent) 
im more Rrongly this way, 
the late refignation tjf judge 
(aliciied to change from the 
-Bencb to the Common - 
whicb be fucceedcd in, but 

be did not long live to en. 
icrcby depriving the world 

of the greaicH judges, of 
lari, England perhaps ever 
I of. 

cbaraAer at a lawyer, iho* 
licalariy matlced forJinow- 
Uid candour, wai ly no 
ilimimlhed at a grnilem^n. 
tiDsaic knowledge of the ans 
lUncej, a fine tafle of the 
iCItrei, joined loan unconi- 
hilanihropy of temper, en- 
liimiiQlonly theelleem, but 
t Aimiraiioti of hii ac- 
1 when he died. 
I Uuir IrieadOiips, 



which can only be fllted up by « 
recollettioo of what he w-- ' 



CenuiM Jni(Jalt$ e/ ibt lift tf lb»\ 
Lu Peter ColHnfon, P. R.S. 

THE iogeniousanthorof thi) 
liitle piece juftty oblerves, 
that to place before the public an 
example woiihv of imitation, ir 
no incotifiderab'le fervice. The 
great and good Author of Nature, 
hjs implanted a principle in every 
breall which neceffarily approves 
of a condua dlrefled to the advan- 
tage of mankind. Of what we 
approve we aic naturally emulous, 
and the tribute that is publicly 
paid to the memory of a worthy 
man, may well be coniidered as » 
kind of rcivard offered for the cn- 



ancient family in the North, and 
the gteat grandfon of Peter Collin- 
foo, who lived on his paicroal 
eftjte called HugaUHall.or Height 
of Hugal. near Windcrmere-lake, 
in ihc parifh of Stavely, about ten 
miles from Kendal in Wcftmore- 
Jand. What was hii father's pro- 
fcOion, or where he lived, does not 

He was born in the year 1695, 
and bred to trade as 'a wholefale 
dealer, in what is called Man's 
Mercery : a brother whofe name 
was James, feems alfo to have becrj 
bred to the fjmc bufinefs. probably 
by their father. 

Peterand James became partners 
wliich was afbrtunatecircumllance 
for them both, becaufe living in 
great harmouy, and iheir bolincfa 
not requiring their ptefence toge- 
ther, ihey had both leifure to at. 
Mud their putkulv llndin and 

E 3 purfgiu. 




54. ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



purfuits, whether of pleafure or 
improvement. 

Peter, while a youth, had dif- 
tovered a (Irong attachment to na-^ 
tural hi0ory ; "infefts and their 
feveral metamorphofesy employed 
many of thofe hours, which, at 
his time of life, are generally fpent 
upon other objeAs. Plants alfo en- 
gaged his attention, and he very 
c:r!y began to make dried fpecU 
mtns. , 

While he was yet a young man 
his diligpnt curiofity, with refpe^ 
to thefe objedls, procured him the 
acquaintance of the moft eminent 
naturaliOs of that time, particu- 
larly of Df rham» Woodward* Dale, 
Lloyd, and SUt-Hans Sloane. He 
coDUra^ed « friendOiip alfo with 
the, late Sir Charles Wager, who 
enriched Sir Han*s collection, now 
conftituting the Britifli Mufeum, 
with many curioAties, which, be- 
ing excited by Mr. Collinfon, be 
picked up in the coorfe of his 
siany voyages, encouraging alfo 
the commanders under him, who 
were Rationed in different parts of 
the globe, to procure whatever 
was rarr and valuable in every 
brarch of natural hiflory, for the 
fame kind and liberal purpofc. 

Among the vail variety of ar- 
ticles in that imr..€nre trrafury of 
nature, .there were vrry few with 
the hiftory of which Mr. CoHinfon 
was not yet scqr.ainied, his fa- 
miliarity with Sir HaOb being fuch 
that he vifiied him at all times, and 
continued todo fo till his death. 

Befideshis acquaintance with na- 
tural hiftory, his knowledge of 
the antiquities of his own country 
was very coniidei able. In Decem- 
ber 1728, when he was about five- 
^nd-.hirty years old, hewasele^ed 
m Member of the Royal Sgclety, 



and was a Member of the Societf 
of Antiquarians from its firft infi- 
tution. 

To the Royal Society he was one 
of the moft diligent and aieftl 
Members it had ; he not only fop* 
plied many curious obfervations 
himfelf, bat he promoted and pre. 
ferved a moft exien five corrcfpood- 
ence with the learned and ioge* 
nious of all countries. The Ao« 
tiquarians he alfo farnifhed witk 
many curious articles of intelli* 
gence and obfervation, withrefpcd 
to the particular objcAs of their ei* 
quiry, as well at home as abroad. 

Wherever he was, or however 
fee mindly engaged, nothing ibit 
deferv:d his notice at any tiae 
efcapcd him, and Jie minated dovi 
every ftriking hint ihat occarred 
either in reading or converfitioi. 
With fuch hints, COD verfation per« 
haps furnilhed him ftill moretbia 
books; for there was fcarceamn 
of learning and ingenuity, whil* 
ever was his profeiGon, in EngUs^i 
that was not of his acquaintaooe: 
and of the foreigners who cane 
hither, either for improvement or 
pleafure, ihofe who were emineit 
for their knowledge of natoral W* 
tory, or proficiency in any art or 
fcience, were conftantfy recon- 
mended to his notice and friend* 
ihip ; among thefe was the cele- 
brated Linnaeus, with whom, dor* 
ing hi$ refidence in England, Mr. 
Collinfon contracted an intiiDSte 
friend (hip, which was reciprocal!; 
increafed by a multitude of good 
offices, and continued without aaj 
diminution to the lalK 

Thefe recommendations were 
the natural confequencrs of ki* 
extcnfive foreign corrcfpondescei 
which he maintained with the 
greateft pundaality. Heacqutioted 
^ o ilie 



'] 




CHARACTERS. 



$5 



A ud iagenioai id di- lh«ep in Spun, with refped to 

:t of the globe with the their migriiintu from the moun> 

1 and improTcments that tiini to the pUini, «nd back from 

t here in varioai braochej the pUini to the fnounMinii, which 

dte; and there ii fcarce he publilhed in the year 1764,10*/ 

of the woild from which not be conGdered among the leaft 

It receive informationi of of ihe beneiiii that have accrued 

cind in rcEorn. from faii extcafive and inquiGtivc 

ihii correfpondence of currefpondeRce, 

liofoD, Ml native cooDtry When America ti better peopled, 

■lanj inllaacct, derived the mountainous part) more ha- 

■ffltage and honour. bitible, the phint unloaded of 

year 1730, > fubfcriptian ib^ir va(t forefts, and cultivated, 

ai fet on foot at PhilideU the finea Ihrep in the world ma/ 

nerica, to whichMr. Col- potTiblv cover the plaioi of Caro- 

idc feveral valuable pre- Una, Georgia, and Eaft and Weft 

d procured otberi from Florida, in the winter monthi, 

t. and retreat to the monntaini at the 

direSort of this libr.iry, fummer heats increafe and dry up 

horn wa> Dr. Franklin, the heibage. We are at prefent 

iofon tranfmiited the ear- utter llra^g^■rs to this teconomy, 

not of every new Eu- which might, pcrhapi, be prac- 

iprovement iti agriculture tifed with advantage even in Eng> 

trts, and etfery philofo- land ; with thii difference, that 

Tcovery. Id 174; be fcnt the hilU fhould be chofen for th« 

ccount of foroenew expe- refidence of tbele animiU in win- 

a eledricity, which had ter, proper fbeiter being made for 

1 made in Germany, with them, and the wetter low.Iandi 

■be, and fome dirtftioni referved for their paltate itt fum- 

igbi be ufed fo ai to repeat mer. 

So long agn, as theyear I7+0, he 

vai the firit noiii^ that was confiderable among ihcie who 

iklin had of that curious were beft acquainted with botany 

vhich, encnuraged by the and natural hiHory in England. 

eteption that Mr. Collin- Hii collection wai very Urpe; hi| 

to bii letters concirninir fpecimctii were nell chofen: he 

•ofecuted with a fuccefi had a biitsnical garden at Mill-hill 

made hitn eminent in mar Enfirld, whiih at that time 

intry in Europe, and pro- cont^iined m^^ curious plants not 

his own thp honour of to befound in any other, the num. 

rft reduced phenomena to ber oF which wai continually in- 

with refpefl to this great cieiiing till hlf dejth. 

geni, powcrfullv and per- Thii collection and gartJen 

ipe^ating, though hitherto brouj^'ht him acquainted U'ith many 

own to exift- pcifoni cf r.nfc and diftinflion in 

■J in fome fu'ure period, iliii kingdom, who were dillin- 

int which Mr, Collinfon guilhed by their i.nlte in planting 

of the management of and horticulture, or deliroua 10 
E 4. make 



56 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



make roral improvements. With 
fomc of thefe he frequently fpent a 
few days at their feats, commend- 
ing and cenfuring what he ap- 
proved and difapproved in the de- 
iigns they were carrying on, with 
an integrity and tafle that didequal 
honour to the (implicity of his 
manners, and the reditude of his 
judgmenrt. Fiequentopportunitie5» 
during a lojig life, had furni(hed 
him with an extcnfive experience 
of the effects of different methods 
of cultivation, and of the particu- 
lar foil and afpcA which were bed 
adapted to different planis and 
trees ; how beauties might be bell 
improved, and incurable defeats 
hidden : by this knowledge he 
often prevented young planters 
from committing capital millakes, 
redified others, into which they 
had been miflcd, either by the ig* 
xiorant or the dcfigning, and pre* 
vailed upon many of his friends 
to adopt this rational amufement, 
find pcrfevere in it, to the mutual 
advantage of thcmfelvcs and their 
country. 1 never knew an inllance, 
i'aiJ Mr. Coilinfon, in which the 
purfuit of fuch plcafurcs did not 
cither £nd temperance and virtue, 
or make them. 

He was the firfl that introduced 
the great variety of feeds and 
ihrubs which are now the principal 
ornaments of every garden; and 
It is owing to hii inquifitivc in- 
dud ry ih. t \o many pcrfons of the 
firfl diAindion arc now able to fee, 
in their own domains, groves that 
have been tranfplanteU from the 
Wertcrn continent, ilouriih with 
the fame luxuriance as thofe which 
fire indigenous to Britain. 

As his mercantile bufinefs was 
tranfadled chiefly with North- Ame- 



rica, heinterefted himfelfiowbl- 
ever mieht contribute to itsadm- 
ta^, lie nfed to obferve to the 
Virginians, that tbeir prefent ftapk 
is tobacco ; fi plant of which the 
confumption depends wholly npM 
the caprice of cufton md Mbimt 
and he therefore freqoentljr nrgcd 
them to think of fomeifaior more 
permanent, fomething ncce&rjr to 
the natural'-fubGftence or eojo^- 
xnent of life. He obfenred that 
vines wonld thrive fis well in their 
country as tobacco; bat» faid bci 
do not keep them clofe to tbe 
ground, as we arc forced to dofer 
want of a little more fan and heat: 
your fu mmer*heats exceed, as mack 
as ours fall ihort ; allow yoor 
vines therefore longer ftems; kt 
them be trained to and fnpported 
by trees, and hide their fruit amon; 
the foliage, as they do in tlie 
warmer parts of Eorope. On this 
occafion our author obferves, ihit 
in mod of onr northern and fontbern 
colonies there is a ereat variety of 
native grapes growing wild in the 
woods, and twining among the 
trees and buflies for fnpport: tbst 
fevcral of thefe are capable of pro- 
ducing a rich good wine, as ip- 
pears by experiment; and ibat 
where the attempt has failed, tbe 
fault has been not in the froit, bat 
in thewanteiiher of (killor carcii 
making the wine. I have nytelft 
fays he, tailed fomc very good 
wine from the wild uncultivitf^ 
grape of America, which has bees 
haliily made without experirncff 
and fent over to England, It >> 
rcafonable therefore to condole* 
that if proper care was lakea lo 
improve the grape by cnhivatioDi 
and the wine by a diligent aoi 
fitilful proccfs in the making i-i 

An» 




CHARACTERS. 57 

esBiiglit become one of the' He wis in the bigheR degree 
itebrucd wine conn trie* upon fond both of floweri and frnit. 
Of fruit be ilwayj made the prin-: 
Colliolbn was alfo of Opi- cipal part of hit meal ; ana bit 
that dar, hemp, aod 6ik, houfc was never without flowcrst 
be cultivated in oor Ame- from the early fnowdrop to the ao- 
raloniei with equal advan- tumnal cyclamen, 
I then aod to di. NotwiihUaoding his temperance 
wu a remirlcable inflance, he was romeiime* aitaclEcd by the 
e who U never idle, need gout ; but in other refpeQt he en- 
be in a hurry I He WIS al- joyed perfeCt health, and great 
itung fomething, and there- equality of fpirits. 
: tranfafled all his domeflic In the automnof the year lydSt 
lercantile affairs, and pre- he went to vilit Lord Petre, for 
bii extenGve and moltifui- whom he had a fingular regard, at 
itrefpondence with a quiet his houfe in ElTex; and while h« 
rityaud filent difpatch, that was there, he was feized with « 
f prevented embarralTment total fappreHion of urine, which, 
lay. TheUaraelefsfimpli- baffling all the efforts of medicine, 
'his manners, and the care- put an end to his life on the nth 
onomy of his time, kept his day of Augnft, juft as he had ar- 
perpetually ferene, and fe- rived at the 7 jth year of his age. 
is always ca&ly improved Indofed in hii will was found « 
Learfutnefs. paper importing, " That he hoped 
ftainre was below the mid- " he (hould leave behind bim a 
e, and his body was rather " good name, which be rained 
ent; his habit was plain, " more than riches; that he bad 
; been bred a quaker ; hii " endeavourednot tolive ufeleHy t 
kind and libera), and hii " and that his confiant aim 
r open and communicative. *• through life had been to be a 
aa an cEConomiA, but his •' friend to mankind." 
'Bywaiby no means fevere. Without any prelenlions towhaC 
d a heart that fympathifed is generally called learning, be 
Itftrefs, and a band that was knew more both of nature and of 
I open to relieve it. As his art, than nine in ten of thofe who 
nd rational pleafures faved pride tfaemfelves in having it. 
rom the fafhionable follies Hii time had been fpent not in 

Sinerally encroach far upon learning the names of things in 

t, he rofe very early in the different •languages, but in ac- 

og. When he was in Lon- quiring the knowledge of their 

e applied to the bufinefi of nature and properties, their pro- 

untmg-houfe : when in the duAionsand ufe. Without public 

y, he was almoft rontinu- llation, he was the means of na- 

mployed in his garden, ob- tionat advantages; he had an in- 

g and aOifting the progrefs fluence that wealth cannotgive,and 

etation, which equally con- will be honoured when titles are 

;d to bii plcafurc and his forgotten, 

Mtmiirt 



58 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Mtmirs of the Rev, Mr. George 
Whiccfield. 

THE confiderable figure which 
the late Mr. Whitcfield for 
many years made in his ecclefsaf- 
tical capacity, ranking his death 
in the catalogue of memorable 
events, acurfory memotrof his life 
cannot fail of giving general fatis- 
fadion ; we have therefore from 
his own jiiurnal felcdtcd what we 
judge neceHary for the principal 
execution of the tafk, and ftiall 
regulate our opinion of his general 
chara^cr by the bcft accounts 
we can obtain from his cotem- 
poraries. 

** I was born in GlouceftT, 
fays Mr. Whitefield, in the month 
of Decemben 1714* at the Bell 
Inn, and can truly fay I was fro- 
ward from my mothcr'swomb.— • 
I was fo brutiih as to hate inftruc- 
tion, and ufed parpofcly to (hun 
all opportunities of receiving it. I 
can date fomc very early afts of 
uncleannefs.. Lying, filthy talk- 
ing, and foolifh jcding I was much 
addided to.— Sometimes 1 ufed to 
curfe, if not fwear.— Stealing from 
my mother I thought no theft at 
all, and ufed to m:ike no fcruple 
of taking money out of her pocket 
before (he was up. I h^ve fre- 
quently betraved my trull, and 
have more than once fpent money 
I took in the honf^, in buying 
fruits, tartf, S:c. to fa^^fy my fen- 
fual appetite. — —Numbers of fab- 
baihs hiive I broken, and gene- 
rally uJed 10 brhrivc m\ ffifvcry ir- 
reverently in God's Ln^luirv. 
Ikluch money have I Ipcr.t ;np'.iy% 
and in the L-uinnon en:rrr:iii:;:i 'nis 
of the age.— Cat Jb, uuJje^iditig ro- 



xnancesy were my keart'i dcliglitt 
Often have I joined with others ia 
playing roguifli tricks, but wa 

general ly» if doc always /■«//.*') 
iieteSeil, For thit I have otira 
fince, and do now, blefs and praiiiB 
God. 

It would be endlefs to recooot 
the fins and oFences of my youagcr 
days^— they are mote in nunbrr 
than the hairs of my head.^^My 
heart would fail me at the remea- 
brance of them, wai I not afi'urcd 
that my redeemer liveth, ever to 
make interceflion for me.— How- 
ever the young man in the grfpcl 
might boall how he had kept the 
commandments from his ycatb, 
with (hame and confuficn efface 
I confefs, that I have broken them 
all from my youth.— ^-Whatever 
fore fee n fitnefs for falvation ctbrrs 
may talk of, and glory in, I diT- 
claim- any fuch thing-»if I trace 
myfclf from my cradle to my man* 
hood, I can fee nothing in me bot 
a fitnefs to be danned ; and if the 
Almighty had not prevented ne 
by his grace, and wrought noft 
powerfully opon my foul, quick* 
ening me by his free fpirii »heD 
dead in trefpafles and uns, 1 had 
now either been fitting in dark- 
nefs, and in the ihadow of death, 
or condemned, as the due reward 
of my crimes, to be for ever lilting 
up my eyes in torment;. 

But fuch was the free grace of 
God to me, thai though corru^ 
tion worked fo ilron^ly in my 
f-'ul, and produced fuch early ani 
bitter fruit?, \et I can recolivd 
very early movings of the BlclTed 
S| irit upon my heart, fufncient to 
faii^fy me that God loved me with 
an cvcrlailiii!^ love, and feparatcd 



•-♦ 




CHARACTERS. 



J9 



ni from my mother*) womb, 
workjn »-bich he iftcr- 
ru p!«afcd lo (all me. 
early fame conviflions of 
d once I remember^ whf n 
etfoDi (•! thry frequently 
ide it their buCnrf) lo ie»Ee 
immedit!ely retired to my 
and, kne'ling d>>wn, uith 
*ars, {irayed over that pCilm 
I Divid To often jep'-s's -h'fe 
Bi.t in tie name a/iht Uri 
Hjir^ Item. I wjt alwa)! 
r being a clergyman, ofed 
itly to imitate the miniders 
r pnytn, ttc. Part of the 
I ^ied to Heal from my pa- 
t*ve to the ponr, md Tome 
(privately took fromoihert, 
hich I have fince redorrd 
Id) I remember were book« 
It ion. 

mother wai very careful of 
acation, and atwayi krpt 
my tender yean from intrr- 
ng in the Icaft with the pub- 

jl the tenth year of my age, 
fed Gou lo prrmii my mo- 
■ marry a fecond time. It 
what the world would call 
appy match, but God over- 
t for gi>od. — 
;d I wa* iboat twelve, I wai 
at a fchool called St. Mnry 
Fpt in Gloucelter, tbe lalt 
ar-fchool I ever uent to. 
; a good elocution and me- 
I ttai remarked for making 
'.t before ihe corprir.it ion at 
nnu:.I vifitation. But 1 c:4n. 
■I Ml any drawings of Goo 
ny foul for a ytar or two, 
that I laid out lome of the 
thai wai given me on ouc 
aforemeniioncd occrtfinrn, 
ing Ken's Manu.il lor Wrr- 
fcbolir<, a book that ii^d 



much affefled me when my bro- 
ther uf>.-d to read it in my mother*! 
Iroublrj, and which, for ibme 
lime nfiet I bought it. Was of great 
benrhc :» my loal. 

During the lime of my being at 
fcbiiol, 1 wai very fond of reacinv 
pljVf, and h^ive kept from fchocS 
frr d.iyi irgeihcr, to prepare my- 
fclfror ££ling them. My mailer 
feeing Ko* mine and my fchool- 
fellow^ vein run, compofrd f^ime. 
thing of ihit kind f»r u& himfelf, 
and catjfed m? to drefi myfetf ■• 
girl'icloaihi (which I bad often 
done) lo tH * part before the cor- 
por^ition. Tlie remembrance of 
this has often covered me with con* 
fufion of face, and I hope will do 
fo, even to ih« end of my lifci 

Bctore I wa< fifieen, having, 
at 1 though!', made a fufficient pro- 
grefs in ihe claQics, an.1, at ths 
bottom, longing to be fei at liber- 
ty from [he confinemeot of • 
fchool, I one day told my mothert 
" lince her circumllances wonld 
not permit her to give me an uni- 
verfity education, more learniitg 
I thoughc would fpoil me for • 
iradefman, and therefore Ijodged 
it bell not to karn Latin any long* 
er." She at firll rcfufed to con- 
fent ; but my corroptionsfoon got 
the better of her good-nature. 
Hereupon, for fome lime, I went 
10 learn to wiiic only. But my 
mother's circumllanCf 9 being much 
on the decline, and being iraif^a- 
ble that way. 1 from lime to ijmc 
b'gJn toalliil her cccafionally in the 
public hcafe, till at length [ puioit 
my blue apron and my fnufiVrt, 
wallieJ mop;, clranrd rooms, and, 
word, becxme a protcti'i'd 



ami en 

Not«itl<ll..nuing U 
ployed in a large in: 



sthu. 



6o 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1770. 



Ibmetimes the care of the whole 
hcufe apon my hands, yet I com- 
pofed two or three fermons, and 
dedicated one of ihem in particular 
to my elder brother. One time I 
remember I was very much pref- 
fed to felf-ezamination, and found 
jnyfelf very unwilling to look into 
xny heart.— Frequently I read the 
Bible when fitting up at night. 
Seeing the boys go by to fchool 
)»as often cut me to the heart. 
And a dear youth (now with God) 
would often come intreating me» 
when ferving at the bar, to go to 
Oxford. My general anfwcr wasj 
/ inijh I could. 

After I had continued about a 
year in this fertile employment, 
jny mother was obliged to leave 
the inn. My brother, who had 
been bred up for the bu finefs, mar* 
ricd, whereupon all was made 
over to him; and I being accuf- 
tomed to the houfe, it was judged 
betl thatl ihould continue there as 
an afiiftant. But it happened that 
my filler-in-law and 1 could by no 
means agree ; and therefore, after 
continuing a long while under a 
great burden of mind, I at length 
lefolved (thinking my abfence 
would make all things eafy) to 
go away. Accordingly, by the ad- 
vice of my brother, and confcnt 
of my mother, I went to fee my 
elder brother, then fettled at 
£ritlo]. 

Here Goo wss plenfed to give 
me great fenfible devotion, and 
lill mewith fuch unfpcakable r^p- 
tures, particularly once in Sr. 
John^s church, that I was carried 
out be\ond myfelf.— I felt great 
hungrrtni^s and ihirilings after 
the blcfftrd facramfltit, and wrott 
many letters to my nothcr, telling 
her 1 would Dcvev go inio thepub^ 



]ic employment again, Thocn 
a Kempts was my great delight, 
and I was always impatient tilltk 
bell rung to call me to tread tk 
courts ofthe Lord's honfe. Botii 
the midft of thefe illuminatioas, 
fomething fecretly whifpered, f^# 
nxould not laftm, 

And indeed itfo happened. For 
(oh that I could write in tears of 
blood!) when I left Briftol (is E 
did in about two months) and re- 
turned to Gloncefter, 1 cbugd 
my devotion with my place. Alas! 
all my fervour went off, and I had 
no inclinati'on to go to chorchi 
or draw nigh onto God.— How- 
ever, I had fo much religion Icfi, 
as to perfift in my refolaiion doc 
to live «n the inn ; and therefore 
my mother gave me leave, thongh 
(he had but a little income, to hait 
a bed upon the ground, and live it 
her houfe, till Providence fliooli 
point out a place for me. 

Having now, as I thought, lo- 
thing to do, it was a proper ieafoi 
for Satan to tempt me. Machof dv 
time I fprnt in reading plays, and 
in fauntering from place to placr^ 
I was careful to adorn my bodr, 
but took little pains to deck 
and beautify my foul.— Evil con- 
municaticns with my old fchool- 
fellows foon corrupted my good 
manners.- — By feeing their etil 
praflices, all fenfe of religion gra- 
dually wore off my mind, nod 1 it 
length fell into a fecret fin, the dif- 
mal effeAs of which I have felt, and 
groaned under ever fince. 

Having lived thus for fome coa- 
fiderablc time, a young ftodent, 
who was once my fchool- fellow, 
and then a ferv itor of Pembroke 
college, Oxford, came to pay my 
mother a vifit. Amongft odier 
con vcrfation, he told her how he bad 

difchai£cj 




CHARACTERS. 



6f 



irged all college expencet that 
a, and received ■ pennT. 

ihu my motherimnieJiitrfy 
Oot, " Thii will da for my 
—Then turning to me, 
lid, " Will yoo Ro to 0«- 

Georgef" I replied, ff'ii^ 
' heart.- Whereopon, hav. 
he fame friend* that this 
; ftodent had, my mothrr, 
at delay waited on them. 

promiled their intereil to 
le a fervitor's place in the 
college. She then spplJFtl 
' old mailer, who mach ap. 
d of my coming to fchool 

iboot a week I went and en- 
tpyfelf, and Tpared no pains 
forward in my book. God 
leafed to give me hii ble.Ting, 

learned much rafter than J 
efore. But a!) thii while I 
>aed in fin : and at length 
qoainied uiih fuch a fet of 
EDcd, abandoned, atheilltcil 
I, that if God, by his frei-, 
■ited, and efpecial gr.ne, had 
elivcred me out of their 
, I fhou!d long fince hai'c 

the fcorner't chair.^~Ry 
ig company with them, my 
ill of religion grew more and 
ike their!. I went to pub- 
rice only 10 make fport, and 
abaut. I took pleafure in 
ewd converfation. I began 
on ai they did, £nd was in 
way of being ai infamout 
worft of them, 
(oh nopendous lovel) Gnn 
lere Hopped me, when run- 
D in a full career lohell. For 

1 wai apon the hrtnlc of 
le gave roe fuch a diibltc of 
rinciplei and prafticei, that 
vcred them to my maOer.who 
■ta Hop to their proccedingi. 



Being thui delivered oot of the 
fnare) of the devil, I began to be 
more and more ferioui, and felt the 
fpirit of God at different timet 
working powerfully and convince, 
ingly upnn my foul. One d»y ia 
particubr, as I wai Coming down 
iirirj, and overheard my friends 
fpeaking wellof me, God fo deep, 
ly convlArd meof hypocrify, ihit 
thougli I had formed frequent but 
ineffe^lual refolution* before, yet 
I had ihen power given me nver 
my fecret and darling fin. Not- 
wiihftanding, fome time after be- 
ing overtaken in liquor (ai I have 
been twice or thrice in my life. 
iim<) Satan gained hii ufual ad. 
vaniageoiermeigain.— An eipe- 
rimencal proof to my poor fotif, 
how that wicked one makes ufc iif 
intemperate men as machines to 
work them up to juft what he 
ple-ifes." 

Thus far we have proceeded in 
Mr. Whitcfield's ou'n wordi, but 
tiie narrowmrfs of our limits oblig- 
ing ui to praaife breiily, we fliail 
nnly add, that Mr. Whiiefi.rM be- 
ing adm:t:ed a ftrviior at Ovford, 
very foai diainguilhed himfeU bv 
the aulteiitie* ol his d.'votion, :;nj 
acquiicd conliderable eminenee in 
f»me religinus alTemblies nf thut 
cirv ; " lying whole days and 
weeks Fr.-i1rate on the ground in 
f.len. or vo,-aI prayer, leaving or 
the ca'ing o' fruits; chuling the 
ivorft fort offood, though his place 
furnifbcd him with variety ; think- 
ing it unbecoming a penitent la 
have his hair po