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GIFT OF 



THE AUTHOR 



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DICTIONARY AND GRAMMAR 

OF THE 

CHAMORRO LANGUAGE 

OP 

THE ISLAND OF GUAM 



WASHINGTON 

GOVEBNMENT PRINTINO OFFICE 

IfU 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page 

Prefatory conreepondence v 

Introduction 1 

Bibliography S 

pronunciation 4 

Accentuation * 6 

Oandae grammatical outline of the Chamorro language 7 

Abbreviationfl 29 

Dictbnaiy of the Ohanunrro language: 

Ftot I. Engliflh-Chamorro dictionary 33 

Ftotll. Chamorro-Engliah dictionary 129 

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PREFATORY CORRESPONDENCE. 



Unitied States Naval Station, Guam, 
Office of, the Supply Officer and Pay Officer of the Station, 

November 14, 1916. 
Prom: Chief Pay Clerk E. R. von PreisBig, United States Navy. 
To: The Secretary of the Navy (Bureau of Naval Intelligence), via The Department 

of Education and The Governor of Guam. 
Subject: Forwards MS. of Chamorro Dictionary. 

(1) Having completed the preparation of a Dictionary of the Chamorro Language, 
I forward herewith the manuscript, and request that this work be approved and printed 
as a Navy Department publication, for the use of the department of education and 
other branches of the €k)vemment of Guam, and for sale to the general public. 

Edward R. von Preissig. 



[First indorsement.] 

Naval Government of Guam, Department of Education, 

November 16, 1916, 
From: Head of department. 
To: Governor of Guam. 

(1) Forwarded, recommending approval. 

(2) It is believed that this dictionary would be of great value to the department of 
education of the island. 

M. G. Cook. 



[Second indorsement.] 

Naval Government of Guam, Government House, 

Ouanif November 18, 1916, 
From: Crovwnor of Guam. 

To: The Secretary of the Navy, via OflSce of Naval Intelligence. 
Subject: Forwarding MS. of Chamorro Dictionary and recommending printing. 

(1) Forwarded, approved. 

(2) This is a highly creditable piece of work, which has been accomplished at the 
cost of much labor. Nothing exists on the same scale. It is bound to be of great value 
to all the inhabitants of Guam. 

(3) Mr. von Preissig expects no rewards or compensation of any sort. He has pur- 
sued this labor as a matter of personal interest and offers his work freely to the Govern- 
ment. 

(4) I recommend that the dictionary be accepted and a letter of thanks be sent to 
Mr. von Preissig; and that the work be printed and issued, as requested. 

(5) I also recommend that this correspondence, together with the department's final 
action, be printed with the work, to serve as a preface. 

Roy C. Smith. 

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VI 

Navy Department, Wdgkington, April 6, 1917. 
My dear Bir. von Pbeissio: The department has received through the coinmandant 
of the naval station at Guam the manuscript of your Grammar and Dictionary of the 
Chamorro Language. The energy and zeal displayed by you in the preparation of a 
work of such magnitude is fully appreciated, as is also your generous offer to place the 
results of your labor at the disposal of the department without remuneration. 

While the department recognizes the great benefit that would accrue to the depart- 
ment of education and the inhabitants of the Island of Guam through their possession 
of a textbook of this character, there are not at this time fimds available for its publi- 
cation. 

I have placed this matter in the hands of the Director of Navi^l Intelligence, who 
will safeguard yo\ir manuscript and submit requisition for the publication of the work 
when funds for the purpose shall be available. 
Very respectfully, 

JosEPHUS Daniels, Secretary of the Navy. 
Chief Pay Clerk Edward R. von Pueissio, U. S. Navy, 

Naval Hospital, Mare Islandy Cal. 
INoTE.— Chief Pay Clerk von Preisedg was promoted to be assistant paymaster, 
United States Navy, July 1, 1917.] 



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INTRODUCTION. 



By Edward R. von Pbeissio, Ph. D., 
Author of Etymological Compamon of the Finn-Ugrian and Magyar Idioms; Short 
HUtory of Austria- Himgary; Political Institutions of the Old World; etc. 



That the present work is the first lexicographic record in the English language of 
the Ghamorro idiom of the Marianas Islands, and especially of the island of Guam, is 
submitted as its principal "raison d'etre/' as well as the author's justification for 
undertaking a task rendered exceptionally difficult through the paucity of xnaterials 
on which to base outlines, which difficulties were fiui;her amplified by the character 
of the sources at his disposal. As stated in the bibliography following, only three 
dictionaries are available at the present time, of which the Japanese-Chamorro Dic- 
tionary contains about 60 very small pages, with a vocabulary comprising 30 pages, 
presenting the Ghamorro equivalents in phonetic spelling; the Grerman-Ghamorro 
Dictionary, with a vocabulary of 86 pages, also adheres to the phonetic spelling and 
only the Spanish-Ghamorro Dictionary, published in Manila in 1865, maintains the 
spelling of the Ghamorro Words in accordance with the representation used by the Gha- 
morros of the present day, a usage which has been transmitted to them through their 
mothers from generation to generation. The fact that there has been great need for 
a printed record of the Ghamorro language is brought into bold view by the evident 
losses sustained by the spoken language since the comparatively recent date of the 
publication of the last mentioned dictionary. These losses have forced themselves 
«pon the author's knowledge during his preliminary investigations among the natives, 
when it was his ever-recuning experience to be compelled to abandon word after 
word contained in the work of the Spanish author, for the reason that they were no 
longer remembered by any of the living Ghiunorros, and although all these words 
represented, upon the most casual etymological investigation, ihe true genius of the 
old language, they have been lost to it forever, having apparently died with the last 
generation. 

Immediately upon having finished his outline plan for this work, the present 
lexicographer was required to decide a question of the utmost importance, that of the 
spelling of the Ghamorro equivalents to be adopted by him. Mr. W. E. Safford, 
author of the scholarly Grammar of the Ghamorro Language of Guam, having given his 
permission for the use of his work, the careful study of the same offered a great number 
of convincing arguments in favor of the phonetic spelling, and the work was com- 
menced in accordance with this decision. However, upon submitting the partial 
indta of his labors to the scrutiny of a number of Ghamorro gentlemen, the author 
was suddenly confronted by the absolute necessity for the reversal of his con- 
cluflbns. Whatever xnay have been the detailed experiences, the consensus of 
opinion was adverse to the acceptance of any innovation, pride of race and language 
and reverence of ancestors and old-time traditions playing no small part in the final 
dedsbn, reluctantly but unalterably tendered, offering no compromise on the ancient, 
illogical, impracticable, but nevertheless beloved, and therefore not to be changed, old- 
time Ghamorro method of spelling. And thus the author resigned himself to the task 
of rewriting all the work done, and presents it now in the finished form appearing 

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herein, acceptable, and, he hopes, useful to thoee for ifhooe especial benefit it was 
planned and executed. 

Before concluding, the author wishes to express the hope that his principal aim, 
that of the facilitation of the work of the public schools of Guam, through the placing 
into the pupils' hands of the means for the acquisition of a thorough understanding 
of the meaning of the English words learned by them in the course of their school 
term, may be accomplished. 

It is the author 's duty, as well as a pleasure, to acknowledge here the services rendered 
by the following-named gentlemen, who assisted in verifying the Chamorro equiv- 
alents in this work. Thanks for this valuable help are due to Messrs. Vicente Calvo, 
Joe6 Cruz, Vicente Herrero, Pedro Martinez, Atanacio Perez, Jos6 Roberto, Juan 
Taitano, and Francisco Taitano, all of Agafia, island of Guam. The author also 
acknowledges his indebtedness to Mr. J. Schnabel, superintendent of the schools of 
Guam, for many suggestions in connection with this work, to Mrs. W. G. Johnston, 
teacher in the Guam schools, to his wife, Mrs. Hester von Preissig, member of the 
Guam Normal School faculty, and to Messrs. Atanacio Perez and Fnuicisco Taitano for 
assistance in the final revision. The author also desires to extend his thanks to Mr. 
W. E. Saftord, for permission to use his scholarly philological study of the Grammar of 
the Chamorro Language, which has been of the greatest service in the preparation of 
this work. 

AgaPa, Island or Guam, November, 1916. 



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BIBUOGRAPHY. 



Dioeionario Espafiol-Chamozro, que dedica 4 las escuelas de Marianas el P. Fr. 
Aniceto Ibaftez del Cajmen, cura p&rroco de Agafia; published in Manila, Imp. de 
Ramirez y Giraudier, in 1865. 

OhamoxTo-Wtfrterbtioli, enthaltend: I. Deutch-Ghamorro; II. Ghamorro-Deutsch. 
Nebst einer Ghamoiro-Grammatik und einigen Sprachtlbungen; von P. CaUistuSy 
%. Capuc, Miss. Apost. in Guam (Marianen); published in Hongkong, Typis Socie- 
tatis Missionum ad Exterios, in 1910. 

Fin6 Japones ycux Chamorro; Nin4juyu£g y Tenderon, Nanyon-Boyeki-Eaisha; 
D. Eikuchi; printed in Japan in 1915; booklet, size 4 by 6 inches, 64 pages. 

Gram&tioa ChaxnorrOy que traducida literalmente de la que escribi6 D . Litis Matay 
Araujo, dedica 4 las escuelas de Marianas con el fin de que los niflos aprendan el 
Castellano; el P. Fr. Aniceto Ibaflez del Carmen, cura pdrroco de Agafia, afio 1864; 
published in Manila, Imp. de Ramirez y Giraudier, in 1865. (This is a grammar of 
the Spanish language, written in Chamorro.) 

The XTsefcil Plants of the Island of Guam, with an introductory account of the 
physical features and natural history of the island, of the character and history of its 
people, and of their agriculture, by William Edwin Safford. Washington, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1905. 

The Ohamoxro Language of Quam, a grammar of the idiom spoken by the 
inhabitants of the Marianas, or Ladrones, Islands, by William Edwin Safford. Re- 
printed from the American Anthropologist, 1903-1905; published in Washington, D. C.» 
by W. H. Lowdermilk & Co. 

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PRONUNCUTION, 



a without an accent in Chamonx) is pronounced the same as the "a'* in father; or in 
the Italian n parla Italiano. 

b ahnost the same as in English, but it is not as hard, and there is a perceptible 
tendency toward " v. " 

c represents the sound of "k" before the vowels "a," "o," and "u"; in Giamorro, 
when it is desired to render the sound of *'k" before **e" and **i," the diph- 
thong "qu" is used, instead of "c." 

ch pronounced the same as ''ch" in chanty. 

d the same as in English, but softer. 

e as "a" in fate. 

f as in English. 

g is pronounced hard, as in gold, before the letters **a," "o," and "u"; the sound 
of "ge" as in the English get.ia indicated by the letters "gue," or the soimd^f 
**gi" as in the English gimp, by the letters "gui," the "u" in both cases being 
silent, except where accented (see paragraph on Accentuation); at the end of 
words the "g" is sounded hard, almost like a "k.^* 

h is always silent, and is of most infrequent use, especially at the beginning of words; 
it occurs mainly in words derived &om the Spanish. 

i pronounced like "ee" in meet; in final syllables, "e" and "i" are almost inter- 
changeable, and the apparent confusion in spelling is sanctioned by accepted 
usage. 

i has the soimd of the English *'h,'' but is strongly aspirated. 

k is not used by the Chamorros; its sound in the English alphabet, as in kettle, is 
represented by the letter "c" before the vowels "a,^* "o," and *'u," and by the 
diphthong "qu" before the letters "e" and "i"; the advisability of the phonetic 
(and therefore more logical) representation of this sound was carefully considered 
in carrying out the present work, in connection with various other letters of the 
Chamorro alphabet, principally " j," and "11," and the adherence to the ancient 
manner of spelling was decided upon only after most searching inquiry which 
plainly disclosed the advisability of this course; one-half, or more, of the present 
work was rewritten when the author became convinced that any change in that 
direction would render his e£forts futile by proving this lexicographic work 
imacceptable to those for whose benefit it was planned. 

I is pronounced as in English. 

U carries the sound of " j " in English, but with a strong nasal twang and a trace of a 
soft "d" suggested in its articulation; the letter "y" is now generally used in 
the place of ''11," conveying the same sound. 

m pronounced as in English. 

n as in English. 

II as "ni" in onion or bunion; the same as the Spanish "fi" in NifUi. 

ISg. The pronunciation of this diphthong is somewhat diflicult of description ; in Cha- 
morro the letters "fig," unless followed by a second "g," never convey the sound 
of "ng" in the English finger; when bearing the characteristic accent extending 
over both letters, the pronunciation strongly suggests a reversal of the two letters, 
the combined soimd being that of a gutteral "g," begun in the throat, but not 

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finished, and followed by a soft "H" (much the same as the '^fi'' in the Spanish 
JVtfta), thus producing, first, an unfinished "g".and an "fi," or the sound value 
resembling ''gfi.'' 

o as in no. 

p the same as in English. 

qu used to represent the sound of "k" before the vowels "e" and "i.** 

r as in English. 

• represents both the sound of the English ''s" and of the '*z/' the latter not being 
used in the Chamorro alphabet; no rule can be given for the distinctive sound, 
which can be only ascertained from usage. 

t the same as in English. 

u has the sound of "oo" in root; in final syllables there exists the same interchange- 
ability betwe^i the letters '*u" and ''o" as has been described under the lette 
''i""; thus tdotao is often spelled tdtUau, it being impossible to make a proper 
division on account of the soimd of the last syllable, which carries a value half 
way between "o" and **u." 

y is pronounced nearly as the " j " in joke, but with a softer articulation. 

The letters x, k, v, w, and s are not used in Chamorro. 



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ACCENTUATION. 



Accents have been used in the present wotk only where they are of essential value, 
or where their omission would cause a change in the meaning of the words involved. 
Accordingly, the following paragraphs comprise these essentials only. 

In words of two syllables the accent is usually on the first syllable, and this is the 
case even though the word be adopted from t^e Spanish, the latter language requiring 
the accent in such words to be placed on the last syllable. Thus th^ Chamorro 
cdjetf derived from the Spanish oajHy or bdiiorif identical with the Spanish bastdn, 
have the accent in the Chamorro equivalent on the first syllable, while the Spanish 
words carry the accent on the second syllablei as noted. 

In words of more than two syllables the accent is usually on the penult, as in the 
Spanish, and in the case of variation from this rule, an acute accent is placed on the 
syllable to be accented. Agaga (red) carries no accent, as the emphasis in this word 
is on the next to the last syllable; on the other hand, dpacA (white), also written 
dpacd, has the acute accent indicated over the first vowel, to indicate that the stress 
falls upon the first syllable, in exception to the rule above given. Through the 
addition of particles to root words the accent is often shifted, and in all such cases 
must be written in. For example, tdta (father) has the accent on the first syllable; 
tatdjo (my father) bears emphasis on the second, and tatanmdme (omi father) has the 
stress on the third syllable, indicated in each case by an acute accent placed over 
the vowel contained in the respective syllable. The acute accent is also used when 
the syllable containing &, 6, t, d, or il is to be accented, or when the stress falls on a 
syllable with & or fl, thus: mad^fiaoj yindfcd. 

After certain words and particles there occurs a change in the vowels following. 
Thus in the case of the definite article, ''y," besides the complete change in the two 
vowels following, as described on the first page of the "Grammatical outline,*' from 
"o" to "e," and from "u*' to "i," the prefixing of this definite article effects a change 
from the open sound of the vowel "a" to that of "a" in cat or at, and somewhat 
resembling the so-called "Umlaut'' in the German language represented by "&." 
This change is indicated by the same accent in Chamorro, two dots being placed over 
the "a" when this vowel is preceded by the definite article, thus, "&." 

A peculiar pronunciation of the vowels "a," "e," "i," "o," and "u," in certain 
words, especially in such as may be formed by reduplication of syllables, is indicated 
in the Chamorro language by the accent ^. 

Whenever this accent occurs, the respective vowel, which generally in such words 
terminates the syllable, is pronounced without change in the equivalent indicated 
in the table of pronunciation; for instance, the "d" is pronounced as the "o" in no, 
but while the artictilation of the vowel is begun as iisual, the accent effects an abrupt 
and sharp termination, such as might be indicated by the sudden elision of a consonant 
intended to follow the vowel. 

When two vowels follow each other, such as "ii," or "ee," the separate pronuncia- 
tion of each is indicated by an acute accent or by the accent '^ . In the case of " ue " 
or "ui," when it becomes necessary to show the separate pronunciation of the "u," 
which, when following "g," is always silent before "e" and "i," unless accented, this 
is accomplished by placing over it two dots, as follows: "gtte," and "gdi." 

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CONCISE GRAMMAR OF THE CHAMORRO LANGUAGE. 



THE ARTICLE. 

(a) indefinite akticle. 

No indefinite article was used in the old Chamorro idiom. In the modem vernacu- 
lar the Spanish un, in invariable form, with both masculine and feminine nouns, 
takes its place. 
Examples: 

on laje (a man), 
on pal6aan (a woman) . 
un patgon (a child), 
on r&ina (a queen). 

(b) depinite abticle. 

7 (from the Spanish; pronounced : e) is the definite article, and is invariable; it has 
the effect of changing certain letters in the nouns following. 
Examples: 

o is changed to e, chotda; 7 chetda (the banana). 
u is changed to i, pfigiift; 7 piguft (the betel-nut). 
Note. — See fourth paragraph under ''Accentuation" with reference to ch|mge in 
vowel "a." 

(C) THE article BEFORE PROPER NOUNS. 

Before titles and names of persons and animals: si; also si tata (the &ther) and 
si nana (^e mother). 

At the end of a sentence or subordinate clause, or when the proper noun is used in 
apposition: as. 
For example: 

7 lajimo as Isaac (thy son Isaac). 

7 mdjnalum as Jose (the wise Joseph; or, Joseph, the wise). 
Before places, rivers, natural objects, denoted by names of no known signification: 
iya; 7 ya. 
For example: 

i7a catan; 7 7a catan (the north). 

d&ngculo i7a JTagatfla; d&iSJ^ulo 7 7a JTagatfla (Agafia is large). 

THE NOUN. 

The grammatical gender is not known in the Chamorro language. The natural gen- 
der is designated by the prefixes laje (man) or pal6uan (woman), and the sex of 
mammals is sometimes indicated by toro (bull) or baca (cow). 
Examples: 

laje na maaog (cock) . * 

pal&uan na maxiog (hen). 
toro na chiba (he-goat). 
baca na chiba (she-goat). 

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NUMBER OF NOUNS. 

NouDB may be of singular, dual, or plural number. 

(a) Mutual or reciprocal relationship is represented by the dual number, formed by 
inserting the particle um before the first vowel oi the primitive word. 
Examples: 

dh41o; dh41a (brother, or sister). 

chuxnilo (two brothers). 

dhuxnila (two sisters). 

pexientes (kinsman). 

y pumarientes (the [two] kinsmen). 
(&) The plural form is indicated by sija, generally as a suffix, but may also pre- 
cede it. 
Examples: 

guxna (bouse). 

siJa na gqma (houses). 
Certain nouns form the plural by taking the prefix man, which in scmie cases changes 
the initial letter <^ the primitive word. 
Examples: 

oh to ft, eh61o; mafiMo (brother; brothers). 

f to m, fafajan; maxnafajaa (buyer; buyers). 

e and qu to ng:, Quilisyano; Maiignlllayaiio (Christians). 

p to m, pal4; mamal^ (pester; patres). 

a to ft, aaque; maftaque (thief; thieves). 

t to n, tAilaye; manlUlaye (villain; villains). 
Exceptions: 

laje (man); lalaje (m^). 

jaga (daughter); Jajaga (daugjiters). 

patgon (child); faxnagii<m (children). 

|M^^#ii'^'' (w<»n«i); famalftuan (women). 

laje (man); lajijo (my son); lajimo (thy son); lajifta (his, or her, son). 

lajinmame or lajite (our son); lajizuniyo (your son); lajinfiija (their son). 
A kind of plural is expressed by prefixing to proper nouns the particle Ja. 
Example: 

si Ja Pedro (Pedro and his friends). 

CABS. 

No special form is used to indicate case, and the connection of the words in 
a sentence must decide the same. 
Examples: 

agalSfc «i Pedro (call Pedro). 

n4e si Pedro nu este na leblo (give thb book to Pedro). Leblo (book) 
also written lebblo. 
If the name of the object possessed ends in a vowel, the genitive or possessive 
may be indicated by adding an n. 
Examples: 

y leUon Jose (the book of Jose). 

si ICaxian quiqud (Mary, the wife of Francis). 

THB ADIBCnVB. 

There are but few words in Chamorro Vhich may be considered true adjectives, 
as most of them are really other parts of speech formed into adjectives, participial 
adjectives, etc., by the addition of prefixes, sufiixes, and infixes. In the present 
work the classification given by W. E. Safford in his Granmiar of the Chamorro Lan- 
guage has been adopted. 



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ORAJIMATICAL DIVISION. 



(1) Qucdtfying adjtctivei. — (a) Simple adjectivee; (6) adjectival prefixes; (c) adjec- 
tival suffixes; (d) conjunctive particle; (e) predicate adjectives; (/) adjectives with 
definite article; (g) comparison of adjectivee; (h) reduplication of syllables; (t) for- 
mation of the plural. 

(2) Demomtrative adjeetiva. — (a) This; (6) that; (c) yon, yonder; (cO formation of 
adverbs bom demonstratives. 

(3) Interrogative adjectives, 

(4) IndefinUe adjectives, — (a) Limiting adjective, ffuaja; (6) indefinite adjectives 
fran interrogatives; (e) negative adjectives; (<f) adjectives of quantity or number; 
(<) adjectives of con^Myrison; (/) indefinite adjectives adopted from the Spanish. 

(1) QUALIFTINO ADJBCnVSS. 

(a) Simple adjectivee. 
The following may be considered true adjectives: 



dUi;ealo (laige). 
dfqoiqal (little). 
locft (high). 
yomog (tilt). 
gaagaa (clean). 
fed& (wide). 
p&upau (fragrant); 
p4opao. 



also written 



agagft (red). 
ft^pacft (white). 
fttolotf^ (black). 
Jomjom (dark). 
ehagO (distant) 
tanas (straight). 
Jomld (healthy). 



(&) Adjectiml fte fixes. 

The syllable ma. Many adjectives expressing the quality, nature, or condition 
of an object begin with the syllable ma. 
Examples: 



majetog (hard; solid). 
mUafl& (soft). 
majaliaa (softened). 
majlos (smooth). 
mapot (difficult). 
maoat (heavy). 
maaogBOg (lean). 
wianana (lig^t, not dark) M. 
maatfifai (savory). 
L (salty). 
b' (salted). 
The syllable ma prefixed to verbs 
dition. 



Examples: 



WEB. 



titeg (to tear). 
goflii (to love) 

(also gofli4 and magoflii). 
s&ulag (to whip). 
pAlae (to anoint), 
tunc (to bum). 
jafot (to bury). 



mlUpe (hot). 
TnaTiafiMatfj^ (hot cold), 
m&uleg (good). 
magof (glad). 
maas6 (kind). 
mam&Jlao (ashamed), 
majgotf^ (quiet). 
malady (sick). 
mamea (sweet). 
maagsom (sour). 
malaet (bitter), 
forms a participial adjective, indicating con- 



matiteg (torn). 
magoflii (loved). 



maa&uleg (whipped). 
mapftlae (anointed). 
matuno (burnt). 
ma jafot (buried). 



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The prefix c&. This prefix has the effect of modifying the succeeding vowels, 
as in the case of the definite article; it signifies covered with or spotted with. 
Examples: 

faohd (mud); c&faohd (covered with mud). 

jagft (blood); cijagft (stained with blood). 
The prefix gft used before infinitives and nouns, expresses taste, habit, or inclina- 
tion. 
Examples: 

mames (sweet); g&mames (fond of sweets). 

tuba (toddy); gktiba (fond of toddy). 

aalapi (money); g^ali^d (fond of money). 

xnaoh6ch6 (labor); g&znach6ch6 (industrious). 
The prefix goad is used to form adjectives denoting propensity or tendency. 
Examples: 

bubo (to be angry); goadbabo (easily angered). 

baonag (to fall); g^ui^baanag (prone to fall). 
The prefix jft is similar in effect and use to g%ui6. 
Examples: 

lalald (to be become angry); J&lalal6 (easily angered; irritable). 

sulon (to slide; to slip); j&sulon (prone to slide or to slip). 
The prefix in, in some cases followed by the suflix an, denotes %n/e$Ud withf 
attacked by, or overrun with. 
Examples: 

otdot (ant); inetdot or inetdotan (infested or attacked by ants). 

sasata (wasp); sinasata (infested by wasps). 
The prefix mf denotes abounding in. 
Examples: 

tbiai (sand); miunai (sandy). 

aoh6 (stone); mfaohd (full of stonea; stony). 

flisifia (power); mfwiirifla (powerful). 

gllinaja (property) migiiinaja (wealthy). 
The prefix 6 denotes tiie reverse of ml, i. e., to he lacking in, or to he potsetsed of 
liale. 
Example: 

d^Jinaso si Juan (John has little brain). 
The prefix nit denotes the effect of an act or thing. 
Examples: 

gasgas (clean); nlt^gaagaa (cleaning) (also, as verb, to make clean). 

nxaft^flao (afraid); nft^ma&flao (terrifying) (as verb, to make afraid). 
The prefix mtoia signifies capable of being. 
Examples: 
- oand (to eat); mimacand (capable of being eaten; eatable). 

tiitai (to read); mftmataitai (capable of being read; legible). 
The prefixes g6f and ch&t, denoting contrast. 
Examples: 

g6ftan6 (fertile), also ga6ftan6; ch&ttan6 (sterile, land). 
The prefix t&g indicates habit or disposition, also location. 
Examples: 

Juld (above; up); t&gjil6 (high; lofty; pretty high). 

catan (east); tdgcatan (in the east; oriental). 
The prefixes sdn and sesta signify real, true, genuine, very. 



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Examples: 

t&ilaye (bad); sdntailaye (very bad). 

&bal6 (wicked); sdnabald (very wicked). 

baba (worthless); s^nbaba (quite worthless; very bad). 
The prefixes g6t and ga^t previously stated to express contrast; they also express 
^he superlative, usually in a good sense. 
Examples: 

gasgas (clean); g6fgaagaa (very clean). 

m&uleg (good); gv6fmauleg (very good; excellent). 

ftpaoft (white); g6f&paoft (very white; pure white). 
The prefix pinat. 
Examples: 

mames (sweet); pinatmames (too sweet; oversweet). 

znaasen (salty); pinatmaasen (oversalty). 

mantica (hard); pinatmaxxtica (too greasy). 
The prefix la may be translated rather, somewhat, or by the English ''ish." 
Examples: 

ftpacft (white); la&pacft (somewhat white; whitish). 

bijo (old); labijo (lather old; oldish). 

ehatpago (ugly); lachatpago (rather ugly). 
The prefixes ch& or acli6 indicate equality. 
Examples: 

ch&malalSB^ Jao jan y chMumo (you are as sick as your brother). 

ach&eatpintero si Pedro jan tatafta (both Peter and his father are car- 
penters). 
The prefix ch&t denotes a lesser quality. 
Examples: 

m&Lpe (hot); oh&tmaipe (not very hot; warm). 

I^>ae& (white); oh&t&pacft (imperfectly white). 
The pr^^ ti denies or reverses the quality expressed by the primitive word. 
Examples: 

gasgaa (clean); tigaagaa (unclean). 

mdjnaloin (prudent); timdjnalom (imprudent). 

magajet (true); timagajet (xmtrue; false). 

mftmatai (mortal); tixnamatai (immortal). 
ti may be considered as equivalent to the English "not," as in aifia (possible); 
tisilkA (not possible; impossible). 
The prefix t&i signifies there is not, or there is no. 
Examples: 

chi (limit); t&ichi (infinite; without end). 

Isao (sin); t&i-fsao (sinless; innocent). 

8iii4Jgaazi (containing); t&isin&Jgaan (empty). 

(c) Adjectival suffixes. 

The sufiixes on and yon. By adding on to certain verbs ending in a consonant, 
or yon, if the verb ends in a vowel, adjectives are formed expressing possibility. 
Examples: 

fatinas (to do); fatinason (feasible). 

ta£|^ (to desire); tatij^yon (desirable). 

gofli4 (to love); goflfiyon (amiable). 

tgo (to change); ftguyon (changeable). 

pond (to quench; puntlon (extinguishable). 

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(rf) Conjunctive particle. 

The particle na. Attributive adjectives are connected with the nouns they modify 
by means of the particle na, which is not translatable into English. 
Examples: 

m&uleg na t&otao (good man). 
laje na patgon (male child; boy). 
patgon na ohiba (young goat). 
gvdfmauleg na pal6uan (good woman). 
y tftilaye na chalan (the bad road, or street). 
The particle na is omitted where the adjective expresses an inherent attribute, 
as in 7 &tulo£g^ aga (the black crow). 

(e) PredicaU adjectives. 

The particle na is not used in connection with predicate adjectives. There being 
no copulative verb in the Chamorro language, the predicate adjective may be con- 
sidered to have a verbal nature. H6uleg (good) may be translated as to 6^ good. 
Nouns, when used as adjectives, may also be considered as verbs. The predicate 
adjective usually precedes the subject. 
Examples: 

m&uleg 7 laje (good is the man; the man is good). 

gvdtmauleg 7 pal6uan (the woman is very good). 

magajet 7 ainatf^Ti (the story is true). 

dhagd 7 chalan (the road is long). 

o&dad& 7 inepe (the reply is short). 

o&Jag& 7 tijotf^ (the hat is blood-stained). 

(/) Adjectives with definite article. 

An adjective with the definite article when used in a restrictive clause follows the 
subject and is connected with it by nt; in a descriptive phrase the relative na (distinct 
from the adjectival particle na), is used. 
Examples: 

7 patgon nt 7 malatf^ (the child who is aick; expressing: the sick child). 
7 dhMumo nl 7 dfqniqiil (the brother of youn who is little; expressing: your 
little brother). ♦ 

Descriptive phrases: 

gaaJa.ni7og gai gaim& na sdndatfgeulo (in the house is a ver7 laige coooa- 

nut). 
Julil untujotf^ na o&laoh4 (I saw a mud-covered hat). 

(g) Comparison of adjectives. 

(Comparison is expressed by the possessive sufllx na, followed by que. 
Examples: 

etogofla que guajo (smaller in stature than I). 

ftpacftfLa que Jago (whiter than thou). 
Equality is expressed by the prefix oh&. 
Examples: 

ohftmiaacan (as old as). 

miiiaoan (old). 
Equality, but in a lower degree, is expressed by 1& and ohat. 
Examples: 

l&&pacft (somewhat white). 

ehatftpaoft (poorly white; not white white). 



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(h) Reduplication of syllables. 
Expresses intensification. 
Examples: 

d6iSgealo (big); datigcuculo (enormous; overgrown;. 

gasgas (clean); gfisgagas (scrupulously clean). 

dlquiqnl (little); dfqoiqiiiqui (tiny; very smaU). 

(t) Formation of the plural. 

Accomplished by the prefix man. 
Examples: 

maaleg na chMo (good brother); manm&aleg na mallelo (good brothers). 

tftilaye na laje (bad man); man&ilaye na lalaje (bad men). 

tunas na ohalan (straight road, or street); mannnaa na chalan (straight 
roads). 

(2) DBMON8TRAT1VB ADJB0TIVB8. 

(a) This. Expressed by ayen before the predicate (yini or ini after the predicate) 
of a sentence. 
Examples: 

ayen na patgon tumatatigtiia gtii puetE^e (this child cried last night). 

faiaen yini (or ini) na tentagd (ask this servant). 
(6) That. Rendered by 6nao. 
Examples: 

6nao sija na galagd (those dogs). 

6nao na paid (that priest there). 

(c) Yon; yonder. Rendered by aye and yuje. 
Examples: 

ayo na gomft (yonder house). 

dfqniqal ynje na patgon (yon small child). 

yajo yuJe na leblo (I like yonder book). 

(d) Adverbs derived from demonstratives. Accomplished by prefixing and absorb- 
ing gui (signifying in or at). 

Examples: 

goi yini (literally, in this); gttine (here), 
gui y6nao (literally, in that); gttdnao (there). 

(S) INTBRROOATIVB ADJBCTIVBS. 

(a) Jayi, Jaye, jai, or jae denote wKo^ 
Examples: 

Jayi siJa na tftotaoP {what peoplef literally, viho peoplef). 
Jai na raiP (what king? literally, who hingf). 
(6) Jala, jaf. Although correctly translated what (or which), this word has a 
much broader use, and in accordance with inflection is utilized to convey a number of 
meanings, such as greeting, casual inquiry as to purpose, intention, reason, or destina- 
tion, as well as the state of health, etc. 
Examples (of correct use): 
Jaf na eatoP (what cat?). 
Jala na gum&P (which house?). 
The choice between the two forms, Jaf a or Jaf, is merely one of euphony. 

(c) Hano signifies either where or which. 
Examples: 

mano na lebloP {which book? literally, where hoohf). 
Jaftaimano na lebloP {what kind of bookf literally, what-like hookf), 
(d) Fia, fafia, fliyaiP These forms, signifying how many, are used according to 
the nature of the nouns they modify. (Very rarely used; replaced by ouanto; 
eoantos; jaf taimano minegaelLa.) 



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Fia, used in reckoning time; fafia, used for questions pertaining to the number of 
persons or living things in general; fliyai, used in connection with inanimate objects. 
Examples: 

fla pue£g:aeP replaced by cuaatos diasP (l^ow many days? literally, how 

many nights?). 
fafia na taotaoP ouanto na t6otaaP (how many people?), 
fliyai na gumftP Jaftaimano mineg&eAa na guzn&P (how many houses?). 
Another derived interrogative is tagflaP, used in questions involving measure- 
ments, as, for example, t6gflan yini na sagmanP (how many [fathoms long] is this 
boat?); also f&JafaP (how many times?). 

(4) INDEFINITE ADJECTIVES. 

(a) The limiting adjective g^aja signifies there is or there are. Like all other words 
in Chamorro, g^aja may be used as several parts of speech. 
Examples: 

g^aja na tuba (some toddy). 
g^aja na lalaje (some men), 
g^aja sija manog (some fowls), 
g^aja sija na giun& (some houses). 
(6) Indefinite adjectives from interrogatives formed by the suffix ja. 
Examples: 

jaejft na taotao (whatsoever person). 
Jayijft na laje (whatsoever man), 
jaf jft na gumft (whatsoever house), 
manojft na sdsd (whatsoever knife), 
(c) N^ative adjective tayft denotes the reverse of guaja, signifying there is noty 
the equivalent of the French il n'y a pas. 
Examples: 

tayft na pal&aan (no woman), 
tat janum (no water). 
((f) Adjectives of quantity or number; mdgae or lajjan signify much or many; 
l&gaaja, several; dididl, a little; 7 pale, the remaining. 
Examples: 

m^gae na putton (many stars). 
lajjan na taotao (many persons). 
l&gaaja na famagiion (several children), 
dididd na tuba (a little toddy), 
ti mdgae na tftotao (not many people). 
7 pale na t6otao (the remaining people). 
(e) Adjectives of comparison. Adverbs of manner, such as taimano, jaftaimano 
(how, like what, what like, where like); taigttine (thus, like this, like here); tai- 
giienao (thus, like that, like there), or taigttije (thus, like that, like yonder), which 
are derived from the demonstratives ini, 6nao, and yuje, or more directly from the 
corresponding adverbs of place, gUine, g(i6nao, and gtlije, may be used as adjec- 
tives before nouns and are connected with the latter by the particle na. 
Examples: 

taigtUne na flnttinaa (such an act as this; literally, such-like act). 
taig(i6nao na leblo (such a book as that [near you]). 
taigUije na t&otao (such a person as that [yonder]). 
Jaf taimano na leblo malagdmoP (what kind of a book do you widi?). 
taigUine na leblo (this kind of a book). 
(/) Indefinite adjectives adopted from the Spanish. These have become part of 
the Chamorro language, and are generally used. 



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Examples: 

cstquiera; oatqtiieraja; eatquiet (any, any whatsoever). 

otro; otro na (the other). 

cada; oada tino (everyone). 

todo (every, all). 

ziiiino (not one). 

mas sea jafa (whatsoever). 

miMEBALS. 

No mention is made herein of the interesting, but now obsolete, old numeral sys- 
tem, and only a few of the old GhamoiTO numerals are retained in derived words. 
The modem numerals have been adopted from the Spanish. 

(a) Cardinal numbers: 



tin, uno (1). 
doe (2). 
tree (3). 
eoatro (4). 
«inco(5). 
sals (6). 
aiete (7). 
ooho (8). 
nuebe (9). 
dies (10). 
onse (11). 
doee (12). 
trese (13). 
catotse (14). 
qninse (15). 
dies7sais(16). 
dies 7 siete (17). 
dies 7 ocho (18). 
dies 7 nuebe (19). 
bente (20). 
bente 7 uno (21). 
bente 7 dos (22). 
bente 7 tree (23). 



bente 7 euatro (24). 
bente 7 sinoo (25). 
trttnta (30). 
cuarenta (40). 
sinquenta (50). 
sesenta (60). 
setenta (70). 
ochenta (80). 

nuebenta or nobenta (90). 
site or siento (100). 
doaientos (200). 
tresientos (300) 
ouatrosientos (400). 
quinientos (500). 
saisientos (600). 
setesientos (700). 
oohoaientos (800). 
nuebesientos (900). 
mil (1,000). 
dos mil (2,000). 
tree mil (3,000). 
dies mil (10,000). 
on miTon (1,000,000). 



(6) Ordinals: 

7 flnftnana (the first). 
7 minft dos (the second). 

(Or, 7 segtindo, from the Spanish; 7piimero, 7 tetsero, etc., are alt 

in use.) 
7 minft tree (the third). 
7 mtok eoatro (the fourth). 
7 mtok sinoo (the fifth). 
7 minA sals (the sixth). 
7 minA sals (the sixth). 
7 minft siete (the seventh). 
7 minft ocho (the eighth). 
7 minft nuebe (the ninth). 
7 minft di68 (the tenth). 
7 minA onse (the eleventh). 

(Ordinals from the Spanish are not used beyond the tenth, d^simo.) 
dttimo (the last). 



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Note. — ^Both cardinal and ordinal numbers are connected with the noun by the 
particle na, as, bente na g^Jan (twenty fishes). The noun following the numerals 
remains in the singular; exception is made, however, in the case of nouns forming 
irr^;ular pliual. 
For example: 

tree na t&otao (three persons). 
But: 

tres na famag^iion (three children), 
(c) Distributives. Distributives are formed by prefixing the particles fan- and a-, 
before the cardinal number. The numeral is thus put into verbal form. The prefix 
f an-a- is changed in the indicative, past and present tense into man-a-. 
Examples: 

man-acuaouatro juld (they were coming up four-by-four). 
ufan-adi6die8 nxag^ (they wiU con^e here ten-by-ten). 

THE PBONOUN. 

In the Ohamorrp language the pronoun has only two forms, namely, the singular and 
plural, and in this differs from the Tagalog and the Polynesian languages. With verbs 
the dual is expressed, in certain conjugations, by the singular form of the verb accom- 
panied by the plural form of the pronoun. 

There are two forms for the first person, plural, best designated as being either inclu- 
sive or exclusive. 
Example: 

Jita (we) signifies you and I, therefore inclusive. 

janxe (we) signifies he or she or they and I, classed as exclusive, as it excludes 
the person addressed. 

THE PERSONAX PRONOUN. 

There are two forms of the personal pronoun, styled the long and the short. The 
first is used when the pronoun precedes the verb, and when the pronoun is used with- 
out a verb, as in abbreviated sentences and after prepositions. 
Examples: 

g^ajo lumfttinaa 6nao (I did that), 
g^ya jita (with us; at our house; the French, chez nous). 
The short form of the personal pronoun is used where the same is preceded by the 
verb. 
Example: 

chulie yd un manja (bring me a coconut). 

SHORT FORM 

(I). 

(thou), 
(he; she), 
(we, inclusive), 
(we, exclusive), 
(you), 
(they). 

THE POSSESSIVE PRONOUN. 

The possessive pronoun is expressed differently in the case of (a) persons, (6) ani- 
mals, and (c) things inanimate, 
(a) Indicated by a suffix, as follows: 

jo or CO (my). 

mo (thy). 

£La (his; her; its). 



LONG fOEM. 


(AFTER VI 


guajo 


yo 


Jagro 


jau 


^ya 


g:ui 


jita 


jit 


janxe 


jam 


jamyo 


jamyo 


sija 


sija 



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ta (our, inclusive). 

xname (our, exclusive). 

miyo (your). 

fiija (their). 
(5) In the case of animals: 

gftjo (my). 

gftmo (thy). 

gftfia (his; her; its). 

gftta (our, inclusive). 

gftmame (our, exclusive). 

gftmiyo (your). 

gftfiija (their). 
It will be seen, therefore, that the reference to animals is indicated by the infix gft. 
Examples: 

7 gftjo na gftlago (my dog). 

7 gftmo na maaog (thy fowl). 

7 gftfia na b&bui (his pig). 

7 gftta na oarabao (our buffalo, inclusive). 

7 gftmame na oarabao (our buffalo, exclusive). 

7 gftmi7o na ohiba (your goat). 

7 gftf&ija na £|^alSS:& (their duck). 
<c) In the case of inanimate objects: 

17000 -(my). 

i7omo (thy). 

i70fia (his; her; its). 

i7ota (our, inclusive). 

iyonmame (our, exclusive). 

i7onmi7o (your). 

iyonfiija (tiieir). 

THE VERB. 

Almost any word in the Ghamoiro language may be used as a verb, but there are 
certain words expressing motion, condition, or action, which may be considered true 
verbs in their primitive form. 



Examples: 

J6nao (to go; to walk), 
m&ilft (to come). 
saga (to stay). 
falago (to run). 
agang (to call out). 
fftpos (to pass). 
tunog (to descend). 
basnag (to &tll). 
Jag6 (to reach), 
tagft (to cut). 



tugud (to write). 

t&itai (to ledte; to read). 

ason (to lie down). 

natfg^o (to swim). 

fato (to arrive). 

taiq^iiis (to weep). 

goinem, or guimen (to drink). 

ohuld (to carry). 

yvM (to throw away). 

paoha (to touch). 



In the Chamorro language all verbs are classed as either transitive or intransitive. 

Verbs having a certain direct object are classed as transitive. 

Example: 

t&itai 6naa (or 6nao) na leblo (read that book). 

As intransitive are classed (a) verbs denoting mofion or position, having no direct 
object; (6) transitive verbs, when they have no object at all, or when their use indicates 
an uncertain, indefinite object. Thus, to read, and to read books, are both classed as 
intransitive, the first, "when standing alone, having no object at all, and the second 
denoting an object insufficiently definite. The conjugation of the verbs applying to 
(b) is that of the transitive form, with the addition of the prefix fan, the latter boing 



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modified in the past tense and in the infinitive into man, (The addition of the pre 
fixes fan or man has the effect of changing the letters following, as in the case of the 
particle denoting the plural, for instance, ohuld becomes fanuld, etc.)- 

In the case of some transitive verbs the insertion of the infix um accomplishes the 
accentuation of the fact that the action described has received previous mention or is 
already known. For example, when speaking of a book that has already been men- 
tioned, the form Jaye tumlUtai este na leblo P (who has read this book?) would be 
used, while Jat&itai este na leblo (I have read this book) would indicate reference 
to a book not known to the person or persons addressed. 

Avoiding undue elaboration, the following examples of conjugations have been 
selected: (a) The transitive verb with a direct object; (6) The transitive verb without 
a direct object (with the prefix fan-); (c) The transitive verb with the infix um; 
(d) Tlie intransitive verb. 

(a) the TRANSrriVE VERB WITH A DIRECT OBJECT. 

Infinitive: 

gigau (to beg). 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, g&-gaa. 

Third person, u-g&gau. 

First person plural, ta-g6gaa. 

Second person, g&-gaa. 

Third person, uja-g&gau. 
Present and past tenses: 

First, singular (I beg; I begged), Ja-g6gaa. 

Second, singular, on-g&gaa. 

Third, singular, Ja-g6gaa. 

First, plural, inclusive, ta-g&gau; exclusive, in-g4gaa. 

Second, plural, en-g&gau. 

Third, plural, Ja-g&gau. 
Note. — ^For purpose of em^diasis the personal pronoun is sometimes added to the 
verb. 
Example: 

gtutjo Ja-g:&gaa (I beg, I begged). 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall beg), }a«g&gaa. 

Second, singular, on»g4£aa. 

Third, singular, n-g&goa. 

First, plural, inclusive, ata-g:&gau; exclusive, in-g&g«u. 

Second, plural, en-g&gaiL 

Third, plural^ uja-g4gaa. 
Note.— The orthography in many instances is quite uncertain, therefore attention 
is invited again to the frequent substitution of i for e and o for a, and vice versa. 
The uncertain pronundation of these vowels itself forms probably the fundamental 
reason tor the fact cited, so that it may not be incorrect to designate the substitution 
of these letters as being permisBU>le throufi^ accepted usage. Thus, in the above 
examples, en may be written for in, un for on, in for en, on for un. The other 
prefixes remain invariable, and should be remwnbered, as follows: 
Present and past tense: 

Third person singular, Ja. 

FInt person plural, ta. 

Third person plural, Ja. 



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Future: 

Third person siiigular, a. 
FirBt person plural,-ata. 
Third person plural, uja. 
The pluperfect may be formed aa indicated in the £:>llowing example: monj&n 
Ja-g4gaa; or monjayan Ja-g&gau; or yesta ju-g&gau; or magpd Ja-g6gaa 
(to convey: / had begged, or oiked; althou^ the literal translation would be / was 
finiihed with asking). 

(b) transitive verb without a direct object. 
Infinitive: 

To beg; to ask, maa-g&gaiL 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, f an-g6gaa. 

Third person, u-f an-g6gaa. 

First person plural, ta-famnan-g&s^aa. 

Second person, f amnan-g&gau. 

Third person, uja-f amuaa-g^gaa. 
Present and past tense: 

First, singular (I beg; I b^^^), niaxi-g6gau. 

Second, singular, man-g&gaa-jau. 

Third, singular, man-g&gan-gut. 

First, plural, inclusive, xnaiunaai-g&gaa-Jit; exclusive, maiunaa-g&gaa- 

Second, plural, xnamnaxi-g&gaa-Jamyo. 
Third, plural, xnamnaa-g&gaa-sija. 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall beg), ja-faa-g&gau. 

Second, singular, on-faa-g&gau. 

Third, singular, a-fan-g6gau. 

First, plural, inclusive, atar-famuaii-g&gaa; exclusive, in-fanzncui-g&gaa. 

Second, plural, en-lanynan-gtgaa. 

Third, plural, aja-famnan-g&gaa. 

(C) TRANSITIVE VERB WTTH THE INFIX "UM". 

Note. — ^This exists in the past tense only. 

First, singular (I b^s^)* g^cijo gum&gaa. 

Second, singular, jago giunftgau. 

Third, singular, giiiya giunftgau. 

First, plural, inclusive, Jita gom&gaa; exclusive, Jame giunftgau. 

Second, plural, Jamyo gum&gan. 

Third plural, aija gom&gau. 

(d) the INTBANSmVE VERB. 

Infinitive: 

To step down, tuxnunog. 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, tunog (step down I). 

Third person singular, u-tunog. 

First person plural, tar-faaunog. 

Second person plural, f aaunog. 

Third person plural, nja-faaunog. 



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Present and past tense: 

First, singular (I stepped down), tunmnog yd. 

Second, singular, tumunog jau. 

Third, singular, tumunog gut 

First, plural, inclusive, mcuiunog Jit; exclusive, xuanunog Jazxx. 

Second, plural, manunog Jazxxyo. 

Third, plural, manunog sija. 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall step down), ju-tunog. 

Second, singular, on-tunog. 

Third, singular, u-tunog. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-fanunog; exclusive, in-fanunog. 

Second, plural, en-fanunog. 

Third, plural, uja-fanunog. 
Note. — ^The formation of the infinitive by the infix um is not followed in the caoe 
of a number of exceptions. For example: 
Present tense: 

basnag yd (I am falling). 
Infinitive: 

manbasnag (to fall). 

THE PASSIVE FORM. 

There are two constructions to express the passive form of a verb, in which the 
object of the active verb becomes the subject: (a) By inserting the infix in before the 
first vowel, and changing o into e and u into i; or (6) by the prefix ma-. 
Examples: 

gode (to bind). 

guinede or ma-gode (to be bound). 

THE USE OF THE PASSnTE FORM. 

(1) If the subject is in the first or second person, tha active construction prevails. 
Examples: 

Ju-patmada Jau (I am beating the^ ). 
on-n&e-yO (you are giving me). 

(2) If the subject is in the third person and the object in the second, the passive 
form is used, with in inserted. 

Examples: 

bin&b& Jau as tata (the father is beating thee), 
mannin&e jamyo ni leblo (he gives you the book). 

(3) If both subject and object are in the third person, eitlier the active or the passive 
form may be used. 

Examples of the passive form: 
Infinitive: 

To be bound, guinede. 
Past tense: 

First, singular (I was being bound), guinede yd. 

Second, singular, guinede Jau. 

Third, singular, guinede giii. 

First, pliual, inclusive, man-nxagode Jit; exclusive, man-magode Jam. 

Second, plural, man-magode Jamyo. 

Third, pliual, man-magode sija. 



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21 

Fature: 

First, smgular (I shall be bound), Ju-magode. 

Second, singular, on-xnagode. 

Third, singular, u-magode. 

First, plural, inclusive, utafan-magode; exclusive, in-fan-magode. 

Second, plural, en-fan-nxagode. 

Third, plural, uja-fan-nxagode. 

THE REFLEXIVE VERB. 

The conjugation or inflection of reflexive verbs is the same as that of active verbs 
with a definite object, except that it is followed by the personal pronoun. 
Example: 

jubale yo (I am waiting on myself). 
In some. instances maisa is also added, as follows: 

ja-fa&il& m&iaa gut (he accused himself). 

THE CAUSATIVE PREFIX "NA-**. 

As shown under the paragraphs on adjectives, the addition of the causative prefix 
na, denoting cause, permission, initiating action, effects the transformation of such 
adjectives into transitive verbs, and of intransitive verbs into transitive verbs. 
Examples: 

gasgas, adj, (clean). 

nA-gasgas, v, tr. (to clean; to make clean). 

ason, v.i. (to be Ijring down). 

nft-ason, v. tr. (to lay down; to put down). 
In the example following, the addition of the particle fan in the plural, following 
the prefix na, is to be noted. 
Example: 

Janl^gasgas y guiin& (he is cleaning the house). 

JanAfan-gasgas y guiin& sija (he is cleaning the houses). 
In other respects the conjugation follows that of the transitive verb with a definite 
object. 
Examples: 

If the object is in the singular — 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, nft-gasgas. 

Third person singular, u-nft-gasgas. 

First person plural, ta-nft-gasgas. 

Second person pliural, n&^gasgas. 

Third person plural, uja-nl-gasgas. 
Past tense: 

First, singular, Ju-nA-gasgas. 

Second, singular, on-nl-gasgas. 

Third, singular, ja-nft-gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, ta-n&^gasgas; exclusive, in-nft-gasgas 

Second, plural, en-nft-gasgas. 

Third, plural, Ja-nft-gasgas. 
Future: 

First, singtdar, ju-nft-gasgas. 

Second, singular, on-nft-gasgas. 

Third, singular, u-nA-gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-nA-gasgas; exclusive, in-nft-gasgas. 

Second, plural, en-nA-gasgas. 

Third, pliural, uJa-nA-gasgas. 



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If the object is in the plural — 
Impeiative: 

Second person singular, nftfan-gasgas. 

Third person singular, u-n&fan-gasgas. 

First person plUral, ta-n&f an-gasgas. 

Second person plural, nftfan-gaagas. 

Third person plural, uja-nftfan-gasgaa. 
Past tense: 

First, singular, ja-n&fan-gaagaa. 

Second, singular, on-nftfan-gasgas. 

Third, singular, ja-nftfan-gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, ta-n&fan-gasgas; exclusive, in-nClfan-gasgas. 

Second, plural, en-n&fan-gasgas. 

Third, plural, Ja-nAfan-gasgas. 
Future: 

First, singular, Ju-n&fan-gaagas. 

Second, singular, on-nftfan-gaagas. 

Third, singular, u-n&fan-gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, ata-n&fan-gaagaa; exclusive, in-n&fan-gasgaa. 

Second, plural, en-n&fax^gaagas. 

Third, plural, uja-n&fan-gaagas. 

THB BBCZPBOCAL VERB. 

Reciprocal verbs are formed by adding the prefix a-. 
Example: 

gode (to take hold of; also, to bind). 

H-gode (to take hold of each other). 

AUXILIABT VBBB8. 

(a) To have. This is tianslated by goaja or gai, and the negation is expressed by 
tayior tai. 
Examples: 

guaja lebloco (I have a book; literally, there is a book mine; the French, 

il y a; or Grerman, es giebt), 
guaJa leblomo (you [thou] have a book). 
goine guaJa lebloco; also Jagas guaja lebloco or monjan guaja leblooo 

(I had a book; literally, in the past there was a book mine). 
a-guaja lebloco (I shall have a book). 

NoTB. — Oiiaguaja j& salapdjo stands tof IstiU have iome money, 
tay& (the n^ation) — 
tayft leblooo (I have no book), 
gai-salapd yd (I have money), 
xuan-gai-aalapd jam (exclusive) (we have money), 
u-gai-aali^d (he will have money). 
uta-fan-gairsalapd (we shall have money), 
gai-iyo-jau tujolSg^ (you have a hat). 
gai-gft yd gftlago (I have a dog). 

tai (negation) — 
tai-magago j6 (I have no garment). 
manae rel6s jit (we have no clock). 
t&iiyo jau sdad (you have no knife). 
tftigft yd ohiba (I have no goat). 
(6) To be. There is no copulative verb in the Chamorro language, and ''to be" 
is rendered by adjectives, nouns, and adverbs used in verbal form. 



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23 

Example : 
Infinitive: 

To be sick, malagfeo. 
Imperative: 

Second person singular (be sick!), niala£^o. 

Second person plural, fan-xnalango. 
Past tense (and present tense): 

First, singular (I am sick; I was sick), mala^figo y6. 

Second, singular, znalafigo jau. 

Third, singular, malaiSgo s^iit. 

First, plural, inclusive, man-mala^o jit; exclusive, man^nxalaiSgo jam. 

Second, plural, xnan-xnala^o jamyo. 

Third, plural, man-mala^o sija. 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall be sick), ju-malaiSgo. 

Second, singular, on-xnalaiSgo. 

Third, singular, u-znalafigo. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-fan-xnalango; exclusive, in-hm-mala^o. 

Second, plural, en-f an-m alntffco . 

Third, plural, uja^f€ui-xnala£go. 
NoTB. — In the past tense many attributive verbs take the infix tun, as, for instance: 

tumMaye si Jose (Joseph became malicious). 
Reduplication of a syllable in these verbs indicates equality in a lower degree. 
Example: 

TnaHilafi^o y6 (I am somewhat sickly). 
"When used in the sense of the Spanish "estar" or the German "sich befinden," 
the verb ''to be'' is rendered by glUsrue and the negation expressed by tii^e. 
Examples: 

g6i^e yt gui sruimft (I am at home). 

man-glLi^e jit gui ya jamyo (we are at your house). 

u-Sr^i^e gui ya jamyo (he will be at your house). 

nje^taxirgidgae gui guimH y ohdlujo (they will be at the house of my 
brother). 
The past ten^ is either expressed by an adverb of time, or by "eataba," taken 
from the Spanish. 
Examples: 

estaba jau gui ya sijaP (were you at his house?). 

manestaba jit gui ya aija (we were at their house). 
The use of the negation, t&igtte, is illustrated in the following examples: 

t&igiie yd (I am not present). 

man6ig^e jit (we are not there). 

aja^fan&ig^e (they will not be present). 
A few verbs commencing with fe- are conjugated in accordance with the following 
paradigm: 
Infinitive: 

To run, falago. 
Imperative: 

Second, singular, falago. 

Third, singular, a-falago. 

First, plural, ta-fan-m.alago. 

Second, plural, fan-malago. 

Third, plural, uja-fan-malago. 



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24 

Past and present tense: 

First, singular (I am running; I ran), xnalago yd, etc. 

First, plural, xnan-malago Jit, etc. 
Future: 

First, singular, Ju-falago, etc. 

First, plural, uta-fcui-malago, etc. 
Note the following: 

ch&mo fal&lago (imperative, do not run!). 

■ilia JufalagoP (can I run?). 

mudga 76 xnalago (I do not want to run). 

THE PBOHIBmyB: DO NOT I 

This is translated by ch&mo, the equivalent of the Latin ''noli'' or German ''wolle 
nicht! "; in the plural, chftmiyo ! Its use is somewhat subject to arbitrary changes, 
and only a few illustrations are given below: 
Examples: 

ch&mo f ain6niooat I (do not go t ) . 

ohftmo fal&lago ! (do not run I). 

dh&miyo fcuijijanau I (do not go I [plural]). 

dh&miyo fanmat&t&oho^fig I (do not sit down 1). 

Jatagd yd na oh&Jo Jtunftjanau (he commanded me not to go). 

JanftJ&nau 7 g^uaot para diftjo tiizntltanog (he took away the ladder in order 
that I may not descend). 
The negative of ''to want to" is expressed by znulS^a, which denotes negation in 
a milder degree than the positive eh&mo. 
Examples: 
Imi>erative, in all forms: 

xniufSS^a. 
Past and present tense: 

mtuS^ yd (I do not want to). 

xntuS^ Jit, or miuS^ Jam (we do not want to). 
Future: 

JtuniuS^ (I shall not want to). 

atafamniuS^y etc. (we shall not want to). 
Some verbs always use the possessive pronoun as a suffix. 
Examples: 

yajo (I wish; it pleases me to). 

g&fiaoo, or gaoco (I prefer). 
Examples of defective expressions: 

J6caft (I do not know). 

nft-Jo, or, as plural, nA-ta (give me, or give us, something to eat). 

uJo!(take[it]t). 

lamen (to be good for something; to be useful). 

Jaf ulamen este na atbotP (what is this tree good for?). 

Jaf onlamen giiineP (what are you here for?). 

THE ADVERB. 

The common adverbs of place and motion are in reality abbreviations of phrases 
composed of the demonstrative pronouns preceded by the preposition gtii, indicating 
at or to. 

Direction away from the speaker is denoted by guato; direction toward the speaker, 
znagtii; place or time of an occurrence is rendered by nai. 



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25 

Examples: 

Srtiine; este nai (here). 

estemag^; eate magui nai; giiine nxag^ (here !— example: come 
here !). 

^6xiau; 6naunai; ^6nau nai (there). 

^6nau goato; 6nau ^ato nai (there I — example: go there !). 

giiije; ayo nai (there — at a distance from the speeker). 

ayo g^oato; s^iije ^ato (there t — example: go there ! indicatiiig farther dis- 
tance). 
Adverbs denoting place or location: 

san papft (beneath). 

san Jil6, or san Juld (above). 

san mtea, or san mOna (in front; before). 

san tate (behind). 

sanjaliun (inside). 

san Jiyntfg, or san juynllg (outside). 
L catan (in the east). 
L liohan (in the west). 

san Jaya (in the south). 

san lago (in the north). 

gui maguin (on this side of). 

gtii otro banda (on that side of). 

mano; ma^g^ui; mano nai (wh^e). 

gtiino mano (whence; wherefrom). 

para mano (whither; where to). 

masea mano (anywhere). 

ni mano (nowhere). 

gui todo na Ingat; todojft nai (eversrwhere). 
The old Chamorro expressions — 

gui agapft (to the right); 

goi ac&gtte (to the left) 
are now seldom used; instead — 

san lago (to the north); 

san Jaya (to the south) 
have been adopted to express the equivalents of right and left. 
Adverbs denoting time: 

p&go; pftgo nai (now). 

p&goJ& (immediately). 

p&go; pikgo na Jaane (to-day). 

nigap (yesterday). 

y nigapna (day before yesterday). 

agap& (to-morrow). ' 

7 nagp&na (day after to-morrow). 

Jagas (earlier; sooner). 

naya (in earlier times). 

taftaf; gui taftaf (early in the morning). 

gui 6g&an (morning's). 

gui ehatannukg (very early— in the dawn). 

goi taldane (at noon). 

goi pu pu6tS2:ae (in the afternoon). 

goi pue£gue (at night). 

goi p&i£g:ue (last night). 

goi t&tal6pu6tS2:ae (at midnight). 

goi }&ane (in the daytime). 



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Adverbs denoting time — Continued. 

desde y abmam (since olden times). 

seso; xndgai na biaje; taplufg^ (crften). 

Jala^; ecalag; ti xndgai na biaje (seldom). 

S^uaja nai ( a few times). 

tay6 nai; tat nai; nunca nai (never). 

aiempre (always). 

cada rato (every minute). 

cada dia; todos dias (daily). 

yesta; esta (already). 

trabia (yet; not yet). 

tftlo (once more; again). 

atrasao (too late). 

I&m6na (to-night). 

Jasta l&mdna (until later). 

ISS:&ianP; lig^ian naiP (when?). 

despuea; entonaes (then; afterwards). 

cuites (before). 
Adverbs denoting comparison, similarity, etc.: 

jaf taimano (how?). 

per6joj&; parejo; taigiifjejft (equal). 

taisrttine; taicrttdnau; taigiiije (as). 

cala£g (as; like as; such as). * 

mas (more). 

menos (less). 

Juflfgran; Jtlo (yes). 

magajet (certain). 

sen aJ6 (absolutely not). 

ti aifia; aumfo-tiiiilia (impossible). 

mandag^e (false; wrong). 

buente (possibly; perhaps). 

mdgai (much). 

dididl (Uttle). 

nxampos; demasiao (too much). 

adaP (possible?). 

THB PREPOSITION. 

Only the following prepositions are used: 

(a) gai (upon; in; at; with). If the preposition gvd is followed by the articlo, 
the latter is absorbed. 
Examples: 

gvd J taai becomes gai tasi (upon the sea). 
gui iya jita becomes gtiiya Jita (at our house). 
gvd si Juan becomes as Juan (at John's house). 
(6) gtiine (out of; of; from). 
Example: 

g-oine mano (where from), 
(c) nu. This is difficult to translate, as it has a number of different meanings and 
uses. A few illustrations follow: 

ileglia nu sija (he said to them). 

si paid jatag^a£g^e y patgon nu y Janum (the priest baptized the child 

with water). 
n&e Jam pftgo nu y agomname (give us our daily bread). 
siJa man6cu£ggog man atento nu y findfla (they listened carefully to his 
words). 



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27 

(d) yan (with; in company of). Instead of this preposition, circumlocution is 
sometimes used, as in the following example: 

d&lalag ^iii (go with him — ^follow him). 
(«) tai-tayft (without). 
Example: 

tayft tujolSg fla; tai tujo^fig; tai tiJolSg (without a hat). 
(/) Adverbs denoting place or location are used as prepositions, with san or gtii. 
Example: 

gtti xndnan y g^uiin&; san zndnan y g^uiin& (in front of the honse). 
Prepositions formed with san or g^oi can be combined with the possessive pronoun. 
Examples: 

g^oi mdnamo (before thee). 

gvd lagofla (to his right). 

gui jaluznmiyo (in you). 

PREPOSrriONS adapted FBOM the SPANISH. 

These have been absorbed into the Ghamorro language, and are now in general use. 
Examples: 

para (for). 

pot (through). 

con (with). 

Jasta (until). 

sin (without). 

contra (against). 

faera de (outside of; except). 

entre; fotald; gui 6ntald (between). 

THE CONJUNCTION. 

ya (and — ^when used to connect sentences), 
yan (and — ^when used to connect words). 
16ca6 (also). 
pat (or). • 

na (that^-with a verb in the past tense), 
nu (that — ^with a verb in the future tense). 
gvdn; yag^uin (when— conditional). 
&nai; an nai (when — time). 
&naij&; g:iifnaij&; ^gonjft; anj& (as soon as). 
gai nai (when), 
lau (but). 
m (nevertheless). 
sft (then; because). 
can (if). 

este-min& (for this reason). 
6naa niin& or ayo niin& (for that reason). 
Conjunctions adapted from the Spanish: 
antes que (before). 
mientras que (while), 
despues que (after). 
entonses (then). 
con todo que (nevertheless). 
para que (in order that). 
para mudj^a; para chftjo (the same; negated). 
mas sea; masea; mas que sea (although). 
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THE INTBBJBCnON. 

dll; diAJftI; lill; lilj&! (look therel; lookl). 
laul; &dalaal (but!). 
uJHI (impcesible!). 
ail (oht). 

m&iilegl; m&ulegj&!; nijil (goodl; all lightt). 

g^oat!; aAJyauI; falago!; maoalamya! (let us got; off!; quick!; hurry I), 
l&ttanaal (away there!). 
Ju!;pu! (fie!;fy!). 
adaje! (attention!) 
p&oao&I (keep still!; quiet!). 
Interjections from the Spanish: 
cniidadol (take care!). 
6JalaI (God grant!). 
■iUnsioI (silence!). 
ai de mi! (poor me!), 
hibo! (quick!). 
dure I (get at it!; work haxdl). 



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ABBREVUnONS. 



n noun or Bubstantive. 

odj adjectdve. 

^pTon pfonoun. 

V, tr transitive verb. 

v. % intnuudtive verb. 

v.tr.fV.i transitive or intransitive verb. 

adv adverb. 

adj,y adv adjective or adverb. 

prep preposition. 

conj conjunction. 

interj interjection. 

indef. indefinite. 

p, odj participial adjective. 

pi plural. * 

p,p past participle. 

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DICTIONARY 

OP THE 

CHAMORRO LANGUAGE 



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PART l.-ENGLISH-CHAMORRO 



Note. — ^The author realizes that the greatest usefulness of his work will not be in 
the direction of aiding Americans in the acquisition of a knowledge of the Chamorro 
tongue, but rather in the actual help toward a more thorough appreciation of the 
English language by the Chamorro children. He has not seen fit, therefore, to extend 
the use of accents in this dictionary to anything resembling scholarly thoroughness 
and precise consistency. Accents are used in the daily life of the Chamorros but 
most sparingly, and the practice is that of leaving out, indiscriminately, all but those 
accents which by their application practically decide the meaning and interpretation 
of the word concerned. As in other eastern languages, an absolutely correct interpre- 
tation and articulation can be acquired only by the help of native teachers, and the 
extension of the annotation of accents in this work, to constitute a real factor, would 
offer a return very much out of proportion to the extraneous effort necessary for such 
an accompUshment. 

However, the author anticipates, and hopes, that there will be ambitious Americans 
and others, even though their number be small, who would wish to be given at least 
a partial guide toward a correct enunciation (in so far as it can be ascertained from 
present usage) of the Chamorro idiom, and in the interest of these he has applied 
special care in the application of accents in the English-Chamorro part of the dictionary 
under the captions of the letters of the alphabet "a,*' "b,'* and "c." It wrill be noted 
by observant students that the shadings of the letters are indicated painstakingly, 
especially in the case of the vowel "a,'' the least variation in the enunciation leaning 
toward the so-called " Umlaut'* (in German) "&'' being indicated by the corresponding 
accentuation. It is hoped that those for whose especial use this practice was adopted 
will be encouraged by it toward further investigation, and that the purpose of this extra 
annotation will be realized. 



A. 



abandon, v. tr.; to leave; to quit; to 

leave behind; to forsake; to desert: — 

abandona; S£^o; desampdra. 
abandoned, adj.; left; forsaken; forlorn; 

left alone:— iib&nd6n&o. 
abandonment, n.; forlorn condition; 

dereliction : — &b&nd6no. 
abate, v. ^.;— nA-la^-dididi; nft-U- 

diquiqui. 
abdomen, n,; groin: — aflago; tuyHn; 

patol. 
abhor, v, tr.; to hate; to detest:— ohatUL 
abide, v. %.; to continue; to endure; to 

last: — Baga; dura, 
ability, n.; — ninamfia: jinflat. 
abject, adj., adv.; vile; mean-spirited; 

base :— desprefliao. 
abjure, v. tr.; to recant upon oath: — 

nA-nftlo y flnijd nl y m&nJtUa; 

ifigen renunsia y chat-|inefi^gue. 
able, adj.: — gu6f-ilo; g^-ninSSfia. 
able-bodied, adj.: — m%tgot\ robusto. 



abolish, v. tr.; to dismiss; to revoke; to 
countermand; to withdraw: — ^ytLUUig; 
deroga. 

abominable, adj.; cursed: — ilEginon; 
matdisido. 

above aJl, adv.; at first; for the present: — 
mdna; ya-julold. 

abridge, v. tr.; to cut short; to accele- 
rate:— n&-cll^d&d&; nft-l&^gusd; n&-la- 
diquiqul. 

abrupt, adj., adv.; sudden:— derepente; 
enseguidgs. 

absence, n.: — ^tin&^igile. 

absent-minded, adj., adv.; distracted: — 
disti^do; j&^m&lefa. 

absent, a((;.;— t&fgile. 

abscess, n.; wound; defect; sore: — 
chetnot. 

abstinence, n.; diet; continence; tem- 
perance: — chinemft; chomft. 

abjBtinence, n.; temperance; conti- 
nence : — contin^nsia. 



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84 



iMce 



abundance, n.; profusion; plenty; super- 
fluity: overflow: — ftbund&nsia; in&- 
bundansia; inin^;ae. 

abuse, n.; invective:— linetgue-finiJ6; 
mattrato; insuttd; despresio. 

abuse, v. tr.; to despise:— deapresia; 
mattrata; matt^tsio; nA-mattetsio. 

abyss, n.; gulf- hell; precipice: — oantit; 
sas&mguan; tina^'ifondo. 

accelerate, v, tr.; to hurry; to speed 
on:— Sptira; nft-maga. 

accident, n.; untoward event; unlooked- 
for happening: — acsidente; desnasia. 

accidental, adj.y adv.; casual; fortui- 
tous: — acsidfotemente; ti-mUjaa^n. 

accommodate, v. tr.: — ajusta; n&-a- 
sentado; nft-aya. 

accompany, v. tr.; to escort: — g&cho£S^ 
fL&iJon; o^^jon. 

accompaniment, n.; escort; convoy: — 
accompafLamiento; inesg&ijon. 

accomplish, v. tr.; to reach; to obtain; 
to attain: — consig^e; cumple. 

accomplishment, n.; realisation: — 
quinensigue; quinimple. 

accordeon, n.: — atm6nico; acotdidn; 
jatmonica. 

accounting, n.; bill: — cuenta; dibe. 

accounting (to hold an accounting), 
V. tr.; to call to account: — gagau cuenta. 

accumulate, v. tr.; amass; to store up; 
to heap up: — ^f&-mont6n. 

accursed, adj.; cursed: — ^matdisido; 
matdito. 

accurate, adj., adv.; precise; exact; 
strict: — estricto; ti-la^mche. 

accurate, adj., adv.; exact: — cab&les; 
magfijet; umayft. 

accuse, v. tr.; to charge some one with: — 
faafl&; jogse; sogne. 

accustom, v. tr.: — ^S^ustumbra; n&- 
payon (from payon, to become ac- 
customed to). 

Add, n; — ^mincl&''gsom; dsido. 

acid, adj., adv.; bitter; sour: — ^faUeg. 

acquaintance, n.: — a^tulS^. 

acquiesce, v. %.; to give one's self up. — 
conf otman mftisil. 

acquiescence, n.; license; permission: — 

acquiescence, n.; agreement; approv- 
al : — consentimiento. 
acquire, v. tr.; to procure by effort; to 

win by conquest: — conquista; logra. 
acquisition, n.;— fi:uinltn&. 
acquit, v. tr.; to absolve; to declare free; 

to release; to pronounce not guilty: — 

n&-libre; sotta. 
acre, n.; — acre, 
across, pr^p.;— desde un banda Usta y 

otro banda. 
act, n.; action; deed; creature; work: — 

fin&tinas. 
act the spy, v. %.; to spy: — ^faininug; 

para espian secreto. 
active, adj., adv.: — ^listo; masajegat. 
actual, adj.f adv.: — ^fio; papgoagojft. 



acumen, n.: — euindfllo^ in&cadidog. 

acute, adj., adv.; ingemous; sensible: — 
didog Jmasofia; lucho. 

adapt, V. tr.: — ajusta; ftreglll; f&mauleg. 

add, V, tr.; to append; to add to something 
already said: — afUlde; n&Ue; n&ye. 

add up, V. tr.; to sum up: — suma. 

adder, n.; viper; asp: — ^bibora; culebla. 

addition, n.; — sumar; aumento. 

adequate, adj.: — ajustao; suflsiente; 
umay&. 

adhere, v. tr.; to stick fast:^umetnon; 
chiton. 

adhere, v. %.; to stick &wt: — ^um&^dheton. 

adjacent, adj.; close to: — jijot. 

administer, v. tr.; to manage: — go- 
bietna; m&ne§; setbe jafa na empleo. 

admiral, n.: — Edmirante. 

admire, v. tr.; to r^ard with strong ap- 
proval:— estima; n&-manmto. 

amnire, v. i.; to regard one's self high- 
ly: — estima; mft'nman. 

admirable, adj., adv.; delicate; liverly; 
vivacious; el^nt: — airoso; elegante; 
ta^ip&rejo. 

admit, v. tr.; to allow; to let come to 

X3s: — &dmite. 
onish, V. tr.; to advise; to caution; to 
stimulate; to preach: — adbiette; cuca; 
pagat. 

CMmonition, n.; exhortation: — ^biso; 
inadbiette. 

adopt (as one's own child), v. tr.; to 
select:— adopta; g^^nye. 

adore, v. tr.; to worship; to love passion- 
ately:— ftdora. 

adorn, v. tr.; to decorate; to embel- 
lish: — ftdotna; dumudus. 

adornment, n.; ornament; embellish- 
ment: — ^inildotna: adotno. 

adrift, adj., adv.; floating at random: — 
mumftya; m^&y^. 

adult, n./ one grown up to full size: — 
data t6otao, (or data pal&uan) t6a. 

advance I interj.; onward! — &delantal 
sigue m6nal 

advance, v. i.; to improve; to make 
progress; to prosper; to thrive: — ade- 
lanta; adelantao. 

advance, v. %.; to precede: — ^na-fdna. 

advantage, n.; gain; revenue; yield: — 

J[>robe<3io. 
vantageous, adj., adv.: — ^nA-ade- 
lantao; n&-gai-probecho. 

advent, n.; — adbiento; jijijot; finato. 

adventure, n.;— inllriesga; sinesede. 

adversary, n.; opponent: — contrlrio; 
enomigo. 

adverse, adj., adv.; offensive; loath- 
some: — atcontr&rlo; chuchug. 

adversity J n.; untoward event; unex- 
pected circumstance: — contrario; eni- 
migo; desgrdsia. 

advertise, v. tr.;— atSn; atituye 
adbiette; faisen. 

advice, n.; admonition: — ^inlUibiette. 



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amkidexterMS 



adyise, v. It,: — ficonseja. 

advisor, n.; councillor: — c onsejero; 

a^lU:onfieJ£l. 
advocate, n.; lawyer; one who speaks 

for another; intercessor; favorer: — 

Slbogao. 
aeronaut, n.: — aeronauta; piloton aire, 
aeroplane, n.; — ^batoon aire, 
affair, n.; concern; matter: — causa, 
affected, adj.j adv.; elegant; foppish: — 

chachA. 
affection, n.; preference: — g^iinUiya. 
affectionate, adj.^ adv.; well disposed 

toward some, one: — azinxao; chijit. 
affirm, v. tr.: — afitma. 
afflict, V. tr.; press; clasp; oppress: — 

Slprieta. 
aflame, adj., adv.; in flames; ablaze: — 

afloat, adj.f adv.; floating; adrift: — 

mftya; mimkyk. 
afraid, adj., adv.; timid; faint-hearted; 

fearful: — cobatde; ma&^fiao. 
afresh, acfv.; again; anew: — t&lo; renueba. 
aft, adj., adv.; toward the stem of the 

snip: — s&ntUte gtii b&too. 
after, adj.; next; subsequent:— despu^s. 
afternoon, n.: — ^pupuei^ue. 
aeain, adv.; once more; oack again: — 

t&lo. 
against, prep.: — contra; y^n. 
age, n.: — edad. 
ag'e, V. i.; to become old, or childish: — 

cumaduco. 
agency, n.; — ^malC^uent&taye. 
agent, n.;— malC^uent&taye; bentero. 
aggravate, v. tr.; to intensify: — 

aumenta; cfise; catgaye; ni-bubo; 

nH-ldm^cat. 
agile, adj., adv.; qiuck; prompt: — 

cha^diff. 
agitated, v. %.; to be agitated by a 

violent passion: — ouca; nA-pinalala. 
9k^, adj.; gone-, past: — apmam; abmam; 

mdpos. 
agony, n.; pangs of death: — Hgonias; 

pinEdese. 
ag^ee, v. %.: — um-4l-tu£go; umfccon- 

fotme. 
agree to, v. tr.; to assent; to concede: — 

consede; confotme. 
agreeable, adj., adv.; obliging; pleas- 
ing: — agradabie; nft^-magof. 
agreement,n.; consent : — quinenf otme; 

(nA — magof^ quinensiente. 
aground, adj., adv.; stranded (a ship): — 

dochon gui tand; ogiin. 
all I interj.: — ^Jal ih! 
aid, V. tr.; to protect; to patronize; to 

favor: — ^yuda; fiiborese. 
air, V. tr.; to ventilate: — ^nA-guinaife; 

nA-6mafiJlo. 
air, n.; ventilation: — aire, 
airship, n.; steerable baloon: — ^batcon 

&ire. 
alarm, n.; tumult; disturbance; bustle; 

wrangling; strife: — abiso. 



albeit, eonj.; although; though; notwith- 
standing that: — adiog; ft-'chogjft. 

alembic, n.; vessel for distillation: — 
catderon manestila; fanestilayan. 

alert, adj., adv.; brisk; quick: — ^mUc- 
alamya. 

alien, n.; foreign-bom; resident: — es- 
tranjero; tdotao juyong. 

alike, adj.; resembling; united: — ^parejo. 

alimentary canal, n.: — ^gUetgttero. 

alive, adj., adv.; vivacious; full of life: — 

ma. 

all, mdef. pron., pron. adj.; entire: — 
todo. 

allege, v. tr.; to affirm; to assert: — 
afltma; defiende iafa na ras6n. 

allegiance, n.; fidelity to a country, a 
cause, or person: — oum^lido gui niA- 
gasfla; ti-fin&babfi; ti-trm^idute. 

alleviate, v. tr.; to quiet; to relieve: — ^nA- 
mibi&o; n&-W-magofig. 

alleviation, n.; mitigation; easing; re- 
lief: — alfbio; descanso. 

alliance, n.; bond: — aliansa; inetnon. 

allow, V .tr.; to permit; to consent: — con- 
siente; petmite. 

all right, adv.: — ^m&uleg. 

ally, n.; confederate: — ^inetnon. 

all together I interj.: — todos gufgui- 

alhire, v. tr., v. %.; to entice: — tienta; 

nft-quem&lagd. 
aim, n.: — ^limosna. 
Almighty, n.; the omnipotent God:— 

TodoJan&sifLa. 
almost, adv.; nearly; but little was lack- 
ing: — cSn&; c&^n&j&. 
almost, adv.; nearly: — casi. 
almost lieht, n.; dawn: — can& mftnttn^. 
alone, adj., adv.; single; by itself: — 

asoleuB; m^isa. 

alone, adv.; only: jft (suffix). 

along, adv.; along with: — yan- (prefix). 

alphabet, n.;— atfabeto. 

also, adj., adv.; too; besides: — contodo; 

locu6. 
altar, n.: — attat. 
altar of incense, n.: — attat y paupau 

(also written: paopao) sija. 
alteration, n.; mutation; variation; 

shift:~yiniiane; tiniMci. 
altitude, n.; heignt: — altura; linecft. 
always, (u/v.;— caempre. 
amass, v. tr.; to heap up; to join: — 

amontona; na-etnon. 
amassed, p. adj.; piled up; hoarded; 

cumulated:— numft^-etnon; numS'- 

monton. 
amaze, v. tr.; to confound or stun with 

fear; to astonish:— Jonga£g. 
amaze, v. i.; to be amazed; to be stuimed 

with fear:— majfi|^ai£|:. 
ambassador, n.: — embaiad6t. 
ambidexterous, adj., adv.: — fUfftyifia; 

todojft ja julat um&tiende; todojd y dos 

cdnai fdfayifia. 



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ambulance, n.; — caxet6ii pcLrtt iu&- 
lango pat p&r& ayudon mSlalC^o 
tai^Uije yan s^uaja ^erU. 

ambush, n.; — Jim^ef; emboscada. 

am.enabie, adj,; easy to lead; submis- 
sive: — OBgon. 

Amerioaii, n.; — amerioano. 

amiable, adj.^ adv.; lovely: — amable; 
goflilyon. 

amiableness, n.: — TnlnftmiB. 

amicable, aaj.) friendly; peaceable: — 
tH^'iadis^sto; timfmumo. 

amid, prep.; among; between :^-6ntald; 
entre. 

amiss, cdj.; wrong; faulty: — ^isao; l^he. 

among, prep., adv.; amongst; amidst: — 
entre; 6ntald. 

amour, n.; love affair {also lover, or 
gallant): — ll^g:Uai7a; giiiniiiya. 

ample, adj.; full; abundant: — Hbund- 
ansia; suffisiente. 

amuse, v. tr.^ v. i.; to entertain; to talk; 
to say; to utter; to speak: — SidiaSgan; 
adii^ne; entretiene. 

amusing, adj.j adv.; ludicrous:— n&- 
chalig. 

anatomy, n.: — estudion t&taotao. 

anoestors, pn. Z.;— mafiftinft. 

anchor, n.: — alSg^da. 

anchor, v. tr.; to throw out the achor: — 
sotta y a^;cla. 

anchor, v. %.; to lay at anchor: — ^ma- 
axig^da. 

anchor, v. i.; to come to anchor: — 
aaS&cla; m&-a^cla. 

ancnoring grounds, n.; — angcla; 
&ma^cldvan. 

andent, adj.^ adv.; old: — antigo. 

and, conj.: — ^yan. 

anecdolfe, n.; brief narrative of enter- 
taining character: — est6ria. 

angel, n.; — aii]g:jet {pltwdl, d^'eles). 

anffer, n.; bitterness: — ^binibo; escdn- 
dalo; lin&lald. 

an^ry, adj.; provoked:— bubo; lalal6. 

animal, n.; — g&gft. 

animal, adj., adv.; bestial; brutish: — 
g^g^; iyon. 

annihilate, v. tr.; to destroy: — destrosa; 
nH-falijSgo. 

anniversary, n.; — anibets&rio; cumple 
alios. 

announce, v. tr.; to herald; to publish: — 
antinsia. 

announcement, n.; pubUc notice; proc- 
lamation: — ^bando. 

announce, t;. tr.; to publish; to pro- 
claim : — ^bandonflMiJon. 

annoy, v. tr.; to molest: — ^Joroba; 
mol^stia; n&-ch&^tsfig&. 

annoyance, n.; molestation: — ^Jineroba; 
minol^stia. 

annoying, adj., adv.; troublesome: — 
Jfjoroba; mimolestia. 

annual, adj.; yearly: — cada s&can. 



annul, v. tr.; to make void; to abolish: — 

n&-t&fbale. 
another, cwf;.;— otro. 
anomalous, adj.; irrefl:ular: — echo£g:. 
answer, v. tr.; to reply: — contesta. 
ant, n.; — otdot. 
ant fly, n.: — ^betmiyon. 
anteroom, n.; waiting room: — ante- 

o&mara; clasencudrto (a kind of room). 
antiauity, n.; great age: — ^b i n i j o; 

in&Dman;inantigo; tdotao mdna. (This 

is also the name of the much-feared 

spirit of Guam, * * the man of antiquity. ' *) 
anvil, n.; — ^yiuSg^que. 
anxious, adj., adv.; scrupulous: — 

cha^chatjinkso; escrupuloso; liUuj&n; 

pinaUlala. 

any, adj.; any soever: — algtin. 

anyone, pron.; whosoever: — cuat<;[uiet; 

cuatquiera or cuatquierajH. 
apart, adv.; aside: — apatte. 
apart from that, adv.; besides; more- 
over : — adem&s. 
ape, n.; monkey :^mSching. 
aperture, n.; opening; hole; cavity: — 

Spbettura: lltbettura. 
apiary, n.; oeehouse: — s&g^ obeja. 
apologize, v. tr.; to express regrets: — 

gagao asi-i. 
apology, n.; — guinag&o fiaf-i. 
apostle, n.: — ap6stoles. 
apparent, adj., adv.; seeming: — cftdd. 
appear, v. %.; to make appearance: — 

fato; jdifigue. 
appearance, n.; vision: — Unft; ma-lft. 
appease, v. tr.; to calm; to compose; to 

pacify:— n&-f&matquilo; n&mftgof. 
appeased, adj.; assuaged: — aplaoao; 

m&nd-m%of; or nin&-mKgof. 
append, v. tr.; to attach: — ^n&ye; n&ye 

gu&to. 
appendix, n.: — ^inafiade. 
appetite, n.; desire; inclination: — ganas. 
apple, n.: — mansana. 
applicant, n.:—j m&n&plflica. 
application, n.; utilization; diligence: — 

aplicasi6n. 
apply, v. tr.; to apply a warm poultice: — 

bentosa. 
appljring chastisement, v. tr., v. %.; 

to wield the rod: — ^nft-b61embau y 

l&tigo; latigaso. 
appoint, v. tr.; to determine; to fix; to 

intend; to design; to direct; to order: — 

destina. 
i^pointment, n.; — tin&gd. 
appreciate, v. tr.; to value: — ^^grftdese; 

guefl&men; tasa. 
apprehension, n.; anger; vexation: — 

minajalang; pesadumbre; binibo. 
apprehensive, adj., adv.; cowardly; 

timorous : — dal^ud . 
apprentice, n.: — aprendis. 
approach, v. tr.; to draw nearer: — 

diijit; subida. 



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approach, n.; — subida. 

approbation., n; sanction : — aprobasidn. 

appropriate, v. tr.; to appropriate 

someUiing not one*8 own; to take for 

one's own something belonging to 

another or others: — cheiSgle; chi- 

nefigle. 
i^proval,n.; acquiescence; agreement: — 

oonsentimiento. 
approve, v. tr.; to assent to; to allow:— 

aprueba. 
April, n.;— abrll; lumujfl. 
apron, n.; — ^baeai; tapis. 
arable, adj.; fit for the plow: — aladuyon; 

siiia ma alado. 
arbor, n.: — enraniada. 
arch (of a building, or of the bow), n.: — 

H^tcos. 
arched, adj.: — ^m&ni&-a^tcoa. 
arch of victory, n.; — a^tcos giiinEnH. 
archangel, n.;— atcfi£gjeles. 
archbishop, n.: — Htaobispo. 
architect, n.: — j maznlLi^tinas planon 

giini&. 
azchive, n.; — atchibo. 
ardent, adj.^ adv.; eager; zealous: — 

empeftao; empefioso. 
argue, v. %.; to debate:— atgriiir. 
argument, n.; controversy:— inaguft- 

^at; ra8i5n. 
and, adj.; dry* barren: — angld. 
arise, v. i.; to rise; to get up: — ^na-cajuld. 
ark (of the covenant; Noah's), n.; — 

atoa. 
arm, n.; h^nd: — canal, 
armchair, n.: — siyaoi g&i-canai. 
ajrmament, n.; equipment (military): — 

atmadura; trastes guera. 
armor, n.; cuirass: — ^magagon lulog 

para macubre y t&t&otko yan guaja 

mimo. 
armpit, n.;— afM&. 
arms, n.; — atmas; canae. 
army, n.; host: — millsia; . ej^tsito. 
arouse, v. tr.; to wake up; to awake: — 

paiSgron. 
arrange, v. tr.^ v. %.; to order; to prepare; 

to make ready; to dispose:— areglS; 

dispone, 
arrange, v. tr.; to arrange proportion- 
ately: — ^na-chiloiSg. 
arrange, v. tr.; to set in order; to try on; 

to settle (a loan): — ^Justa. 
arrange, v. tr.; to inaugurate: to estab- 
lish; to introduce: — estHblese; planta. 
arran^ment, n.; management; order; 

disposition: — are^lo; inencatga. 
arrest, v. tr.; to seize: — areata, 
arrival, n.;— fln&to. 
arrive, v. i.; to appear: — ^fato. 
arrow, n.;— flechft. 
artful, adj.; cunning: — j&-tuiig:o 

umatte. 
article of faith, n.: — atttculon Jin- 

e^gue. 
artifidal, a dj.^ a d v.:— ininftjuyo^ 

t&otao. 



to agree to; to concede: — 
to maintain: — ^nft-dafi&; 
tr.; to absorb: — ^nA^a^'ya; 



ascension of Christ, n.; — asensidn. 
ascension (assumption) of Mary, the 

Virgin, n.;— asunsi6n. 
ashamed, adj., ado.; shamefaced: — 

mamallau (mamajlao). 
ashamed, v. i.; to be ashamed: — ^mama- 

jlau. 
aeuies, n.; cinders; embers: — apo; senisa. 
ask, V. tr., v. %.: — ^fii^isen; gagau. 
ask alms, v. %.; to beg: — gagau. 
ask, V. tr.y V. i.; to interrogate; to ques- 
tion: — ^fH^isen. 
aslant, adj., adv.; awry; sloping; ob- 
lique: — eguitig; eguefig. 
as, adv.; like as; such as:^-c&l&n. 
aspersion, n./ slander; defamation:— 

enredos; infidft. 
assail, v. tr.; to attack; to fall upon 

(applies especially to an attack of 

many upon one): — agogHiye. 
assail, v. tr., v. %.; to seize; to attack; to 

revolt; to rebel; to mutiny: — embeste. 
assembled, adj.; ohinfchill; umdchult. 
assembly, n.; group; society: — inetnon; 

jimta. 
assent, v. tr.; 

consede. 
assert, v. tr., 

nft-&sigiura. 
assimilate, v. 

nA-pdrejo. 
assist^ V. %.; to help; to succor; to be of 

service: — kslstd. 
assist, V. %.; to give advice; to counsel: — 

Hconseja. 
as soon as, conj.; so soon as: — Ssi que; 

enseguid^ que. 
as soon as possible, adv.: — cuanto 

antes, 
assort, V. tr.; to classify: — ^n&-&^disa- 

pHttcl y dase; n& diferentes clase. 
assuage, v. tr.; to appease; to soothe; 

to calm; to make gentle: — ^pasi^a. 
assuaged, adj.; appeased: — &pl&cao. 
assume, v. tr.; to take for granted: — 

chuld pot man&e pHt (or) pot mata- 

gd; chuld pot bani(k. 
assumption, n.; — ^binanidoso. 
assure, v. tr.; to make sure or certain: — 

nft-fttme; n&-meton; n&-seguro. 
asthma, n.;— jguja.: ja^-guj&. 
asthmatic, oc^.:— jH^-euj^ 
astounded, adj., am.; wondering: — 

TnA.TITr\A.T| - 

asunder, adv.: — ^majlog; um&Mesapatta. 

as well ... as also . . . : — tanto . . . 
oomo . . . 

as well as, conj.; as also; so as: — asi oo- 
mo. 

at (at 11 o'clock): — a (a las onse}. 

at first, adv.; for the first; aoove all; 
for the present: — ^mdna. 

athwart, adj.; crosswise; oblique: — 
6pagat; cms; umencrds. 

at last; finally: — pot fin. 

at least, adv.; at any rate: — siquiera. 

at leisure, adj., adv.: — osioso. 



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at my expense: — ^xd gastooo. 
atone, v. tr.; to expiate; to make repara- 
tion; to give satisfaction; to pay; to 

reconcile: — apase; empas. 
atonement, n,; penance: — ^penit^naia. 
at once, adv.: — enseg^dlUi. 
at one time ... at another time . . . : 

guaja niU . . . ^aja nai . . . 
attach, V. tr.; to fasten; to connect with: — 

ftseg^ura; nd,-cheton; n^-fitme; uama- 

gajet; nameton. 
attack, V. tr.: — qu6-julat. 
attack (especially an attack of sickness; 

a shock; a fit), n.; — achagque; ataque. 
attack suddenly, v. tr.; to surprise (the 

enemy); to penetrate: — jatme. 
attack, V. tr.. v. %.; to assail; to seize; to 

revolt; to rebel; to mutiny: — embeste. 
attack, V. tr.; to take hold of; to press in 

(example, to press a cork into the 

bottle); to cleave a way through: — 

jofld; tugofig. 
attack of cramps, n.; — calamle. 
attain, v. tr.y v. i.; to reach; to seize 

(with the hand); to grasp: — gH^dift; 

taca. 
attempt, v. tr.; to try: — chag^e; ensayo; 

tientH. 
attend, v. tr.; accompany: — acompafla; 

Stiende. 
attendance, n.; presence: — ^guinaigue; 

pres<5nsia; sanmena. 
attention, n.: — atensidn; inlltiende; 

inatituye. 
attorney, n. — ^abogao. 
attribute, v. tr.; to rate; to put down to 

some one's account; to lay the responsi- 
bility of ... on some one: — achaca. 
auction, n.: — Htmoneda. 



audacious, adj., adv.; insolent; bold: — 

descarao; sl^;uat. 
audible, adj.; capable of being heard: — 

eouaSgucon; ju]Sg:ucon. 
August, n.: — agosto; tenjos. 
aunt, n.; — tfa. 
auspicious, adj., adv.; well disposed; 

favorable : — ^f aborable. 
automobile, n.: — calesan sin gS^g^; 

automobit. 
avarice, n.; cupidity :^odisia; linHtga. 
avaricious, odf;., adv.; envious; grudg- 
ing: — ch&ttau; latga. 
avenge, v. tr.; to exact retribution for; to 

revenge :— emog. 
average, n.: — ^i^Mompara; pot todo; 

totat. 
aviary, n.; inclosure for keeping birds: — 

sag^ p&jaro. 
aviator, n.: — ^piloton aire, 
avoid, V. tr. — sujaye. 
avoid (to avoid sin), v. tr.; to turn out of 

the way; to evade: — ebita. 
awake (to awake the reason): — des- 

pabila. 
awaken, v. tr.; to wake up:— fagmata. 
award, v. tr.; to adjudge; to bestow: — 

jusga. 
away! interj.; out of the way with it! — 

sujal 
awful, adj., adv.; solemn; dreadful: — 

namaflftao. 
awe, n.; reverential fear: — ^mina&fiao. 
awl, n.; — alesnK. 
awry, adj., adv.; sloping; oblique; 

asfiint: — eguec^; egui^. 
axe, n.: — acha; gachai. 
axis (of a wagon), n.: — eje. 



B. 



babble, v. %.; to prattle:— cumuentos. 

babbler, n.: — gft-cumuentoa. 

baby, n.; — ^nene. 

bachelor, n.: — sottero. 

back, n.; — tatald. 

backbone, n.; spine: — espinftso. 

backwards, adv.: — ^jan&otate; de 
buelta. 

bad, adv., adj.; evil; wicked; mischiev- 
ous: — cUmten; ta^ilaye. 

bad example, n.: — ^mal ejemplo. 

bad spirit, n.: — chat-fbite. 

bag, n.; pocket: — ^botsa. 

bail, V. tr.; to insure; to improve; to 
make good an assertion; to give credit: — 
ab6na; apdse ; nA-magajet; n&-ldmauleg. 

bail, n.; security ; warranty : — ^flansa; finia. 
• bait, n.: — catnada; pugue. 

bait, V. tr.; to allure: — catnadaye; 
mojmo; pugue. 

bake, v. tr.; to bake in a pan; to fry, 
without fat: — Hflito; n^-tosta. 

bake, v. tr.; to bake or fry too well; to 
bum in frying: — quemado; nA-gu^f- 
aflito. 



baker, n.: — ^panadero. 

baking oven, n.; oven; hearth: — jotno. 

balance, n.; perfect equality of two 

weights; equipoise; equilibrium: — 

chin^^-uiSgag. 
bsdance, v. tr.; to make equal: — SchS^- 

uiigag. 
balcony, n.; porch: — ^batc6n. 
bald, adj.; bare: — d&g^as; gisgas. 
baldhead, n.: — catbo; dagngas. 
bald spot (on the head), n.;— din&giSgas. 
ball (rifle ball), n.: — ^bala. 
ballast, n.: — Piastre, 
balloon, n.: — lobo. 
balm, n..*— h&tsamo; dinichoso; minfi- 

gong; quinensuela. 
balm^ V. tr. ;to embalm: — ^n&ye b&tsamo. 
balmy, adj. : — n&-jomlo; nli-magof ; 

paupau (also written: paopao). 
balsam, n.; — Ibnat^so. 
balsam, n.; embalming fluid : — ^b&tsamo. 
bamboo, n.; reed; cane: — cubo; p(au 

{also, plao). 
bamboo pipe, n.; reed pipe: — chigandd 

plau. 



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bamboo rod, n.; rod: — ^pfau; p(ao. 
bamboo receptcude (used in carrying 

the juice of the cocoa palm, the tuoa), 
n.: — ^bong-boiSg fagot; also called ba- 

jadot. 
banana (the ripe banana), n.; — Hgft 

(different kinds of bananas; iigll dama; 

ag& dedo; galayan; jalum t6no; jaya; 

manila; tanduque). 
banana plant (also the banana fruit, 

while green), n.;— chotda. 
banana plantation, n.;— fafiot-dayan; 

monchon chotda. 
band, n.: — guede; sinta. 
band, n.; orchestra of musicians: — 

capijU; banda. 
bandage (for any wound), n.;— b6e. 
bandage, v. tr.; to take up: — ^b6e. 
bandit, n.: — ^bandolero; tulis^n. 
banish, v. tr.; to exile; to drive out; to 

expel; to expel from the country: — 

destilado. 
bank, n.: — ^banco. 
banker, n.; money changer; exchanger: — 

banquero. 
bankrupt, adj.: — ^insotbente; quiebra. 
bankruptcy, n.: — ftnftlirt|^o; minft^. 
banner, n.; flag: — ^bandera. 
baptism, n.: — ^bautismo; tinagpaj^ue. 
baptize, v. tr.; to christen: — tagpa^^e. 
bar, n.; long piece of wood or metal: — 

bareta; barote. 
bar, V. tr.; to bolt; to bolt the door: — 

tranca; trafi|;ca; ch6m&. 
barbed wire, n.;--alamlen tftucft. 
barbarian, n.: — b&tbaro (Spanish); y 

bruto: bastos; t^ilaye y&n malamafLa 

na tootao. 
barbarous, adj.^ adv.; cruel; terrible; 

dreadful; fierce :—n&-maailao; tAilaye. 
barber, n.: — batbero. 
bare, adj.; bald: — catbo; dag^^. 
bark n.; barque; three-masted saiUng 

vessel: — ^batco; modo^. 
barking (of a dog), n.: — j6xL j&u (also: 

j&o jlo). 
bark, v. %.; to bellow; to howl: — ^j&u]aa. 
barley, n.; — sebada. 
barometer, n.: — ^bar6metro. 
barraoks, n.; quarters: — ouatteL 
barrel, n.; cask: — ^bariles. 
barren, adj.; unfruitful: — oh&^t-tano; ti 

MafLago. 
barren, adj.^ adv.; dry; arid; destitute of 

moisture :— aiSglo. 
barter, v. %.; to trade: — ^n&-&tul^c&; 

tulaic&. 
base, n,; foundation: — basa; fondo; 

yapapapa. 
base, adj., adv.; abject;- vile; mean- 
spirited :-~de8pre8iao; t&^gpap&; tili- 

setbe. 
base man, n.; a vile man: — jen££^an; 

tiil^ye; traiddt. 
basin, n.; circular vessel for holding 

water; wash basin: — ^palan^gana. 



basket, n.: — canastro or canastia. 
basket (of large size; made of fiber), n.: — 

ohucubite. 
basket (local name for a small basket 

carried on the back), n.; — cheop. 
basket (made from cocoa-palm leaves; 

not very durable), n.: — ala (the pauie, 

but doubled, n., alan togtog). 
basket (for victuals), n.; — costat-te£g- 

guang. 
ba«ketwork, n.; braided work: — ^finilUg; 

tinifog. 
bass, n.; bass voice: — ^bajo. 
bass viol, n.; double baas: — ^beoldn. 
basting thread, n.: — jilon chotda. 
bat (in the vernacular called the flying 

dog), n.: — ^faniji. 
bath, n.: — ^baflo. 
bathe, v.tr.^v. %.; to take a bath: — Omag; 

masupog. 
bathroom, n.: — ^bafio. 
bathtub, n.: — ^bafio; fandmf^n; tina 

para imidmag. 
battalion (a body of infantay), n.; — 

batayon. 
battery, n.: — ^bateria. 
battie, n.: — ^bataya. 
battle, V. %.: to quarrel: — ^mumo. 
bay. n.:— bajia; bocana (Sp.); finAgudg- 

Bal6; tase; tasi. 
beaoh, n.; seashore: — fnfti; oriyan tasi. 
beak, n.; — ^pfco. 

be alike, v. tr.; to happen simultaneous- 
ly: — parejo; umayS. 
beans, n.; — abichuelas. 
bear, v. tr.; to give birth to; to bring 

forth: — ^fafiago; nft-juyufig. 
bear, n.: — oso. 
bear in mind, v. tr., v. i.; to remember: — 

Jasayaijon; j&so; jin&sonfiMjon. 
bearded, adj.: — g&l-batbas. 
beardless, adj.: — depotsi t&ibatbas; 

lampiilo. 
beat, V. tr.: — dofigdotlg:; julat; tutu, 
beat, V. tr.; to chastise:— ^ulag. 
beat, V. tr.; to beat on the head: — 

dacot. 
beat, V. tr.; to pound: — doi^-do^; 

tutu. 
beat, V. %.; to make mellow; to make 

tender: — ^lU^ft. 
beat, V. tr.; to woimd: — lamen; n&- 

lamen. 
beat soundly, r. tr.; to cudgel: — galute. 
beating, n.; — garotaso. 
beautiful, adj., adv.; handsome; pretty; 

neat; nice (speaking of girls): — ^bonita; 

gatbo; samai. 
beautify, v. tr.;— nft-bonito; nft-gatbo. 
beautiful weather, n.:— g6f-ja&ie. 
because, prep.; on account of: — pot 

(Sp.); 8&; si6mpre-s&. 
be careful! interj.; carel beware! — 

adajel cuidao! 
become angry, v. %.; to get angry: — 

bubo; caldjH; lalalo. 



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become filled with mud (speaking of 

the harbor), v. t.; to sink (into the mud 

bottom of the lagoon):— ma-atasoa. 
become old or cblldiab, v. t.;— euma- 

duco. 
become strong, v. %.; to take root: — 

fumitme; man-jal6. 
becoming, adj.; seemly; proper: — 

chumilong; propio; um&y&. 
bed, n.;— c&ma. 
bed, V. X.; to lay stretched out in 

bed:-— iaon. 
bed, V, X.; to lay down on the bed: — 

&8on. 

bed, V. i.; to go to bed: — &aon. 
bedbug, n.;— ch6nche. 

bed frame, n.; — c6tre. 
bed sheets, n.; coverlet; sheet: — 
s&banas. 

bee, n.; — abeja. 

beef, n.: — catnen-gottcH; gu&c&. 
beer, n.;— setbesa. 
beeswax, n.; — dad^es-abeja; sera, 
beetle, n.:— g&gft tlieUiji y p&pagpag. 
befall, V. X.; to happen: — ^jotgue; 

susede. 
before, adv., prep,; in front: — antes de; 

antes que; mdna; mdna. 
beg, V, tr,; to entreat:— supUca {Sp.); 

tayuyut. 
beg, V, X.; to ask alms:— umdgagau 

(also: umdgagao). 
beggar, n.;— g&gagau; yumdgagau 

lemosna. 
begin, v. tr.; to start; to commence: — 

ma-tutujon^ tdtujon; tutujune. 
begone I xrUerj.; go away! — unjanaol 
behave, v. tr.^ v. i.; to conduct one's 

self; to demean: — &d2ije; m&nea. 
behave I interj.: — quietol 
behead, v. tr,: — degileya. 
behind, adv.; in rear of :— tftte; t&ten. 
being, n.; substance; matter: — giliniya; 

jin&Bl; sustansia. 
be in debt, v. x.; to owe: — dibe; man- 

dibe. 
belated, adj.^ adv.: — atrasao; ma-di£go. 
belch. V. X.; to eructate: — ^fonton. 
belief, n.; faith: — ^fe; fia&Sj^gvLe. 
believe, v. tr.: — ^jo^gue. 
believing, adj.^ adv.; devout, true: — 

manjo^gue. 
bell, 7i.;^ampana. 
bellow, V. %.; to howl; to bark:— J&ujau. 
bellows, n.; — ^fueyes. 
bell tower, n.;— campanayo. 
belly, n.; abdomen; stomach: — ttiyan; 

tlyan. 
belozig to, V. i.; to pertain to: — ^iyon. 
beloved, adj.; dear: — ^ma-ffoflle; neM. 
below, adv.; under; beneath: — gui pap&; 

pap&; san pap&. 
belt (for the waist), n.: — ooreas; sened6t; 

sintordn. 
belt (leather strap holding the sandals), 

n.;— ooreas doga; cotd6n. 
bemoan, v. i.; to pieve; to lament: — 

majala£gue; pimtiye; tdngse. 



bend, v. tr.; to curve; to make crooked: — 

d6bla; tecon. 
bend, v. i.; to bend down the body: — 

asd; mA^^. 
bend, v. tr.; to curve; aUo to touch with 

emotion; to move the feelings of: — 

gaom. 
benevolent, adj.^ adv.; well-meaning: — 

guef-tao; mangoflfe. 
bend over, v. tr.; to fold over; to bend 

the knees :^Hl6bla. 
bend the knees, v. i.; to kneel: — dimo. 
benign, adj.^ adv.; gracious; good; kind- 

heiuled: — maoleg; yoasd. 
bent, adj., adv.; curved; crooked; al$o 

inclined to do wrong; forbidden: — 

eohodg; eclau; Iflicd. 
berry, n.;— dfquiqot m6fgo na fnita 

na gae pepitasj tinegcha. 
bertii, n.; sleeping place on board 

ship: — canxarote gui batco. 
besiae, adv.; in the proximity of; near 

to: — canton; fion; gui fion; oriyan. 
besides, adv.; moreover; apart from 

that:— adem&s; fuera de. 
be silent, v. t.;— fi&mlitquilo; pacadL 
bespatter with mud, v. (r.;— nftrcft- 

fiUOid. 
best, adj.; most desirable:— mas- 

maoleg. 
bestial, adj., adv.; brutish; animal: — 

iyon gftga. 
bet, n.; wager: — i^osta. 
bet, v. tr., V, i.; to wager:— aposta. 
betel leaf, n.; — populo. 
betra;^, v. tr.; to be untrue to:— f&bllb&; 

faflajye; traidute. 
betra^nea, n.; treason:— traisi6n (Sp.); 

trinaidute. 
betray, v. tr.; to be treacherous to:— 

traidute. 
better, (uf;.;— nxaulegfta. 
between, prep.; amid; among: — (ntald. 
beware I xnterj.; be careful 1—ftdftJe I 
beware, v. x.; to have a care; to be 

attentive:— ftd&je. 
bewitch, v. tr.; to cast a roell over: — 

ca]naye; nA-m&nmftn: nAr&gd£&&. 
beyond, prep.; on the farther side of: — 

gu^Jiyo^; sanjiyofi^; y otro banda. 
beyond measure, adj., adv.; superflu- 
ous :^4emasiao. 
bible, 71.;— bfblia; hist<Sria sagrada. 
bicycle, n.;— biaicleta. 
bid, V. tr.; to make an offer of :^-combida; 

jujo; ofrese; soyd. 
bier, n.; bed: — andas; a^gariya. 
big hearted, a((;.,a(fv.;—gueftau, (also: 

gueftao). 
bilious, adj.; choleric: — ^bilioso (Sp.) 
bill, n.; accounting:— cuenta; cuentas; 

tinifong. 
billiards, n.;— biy&t. 
bind. V. tr.; to fasten; to tie on: — ^funut; 

gode. 
bind lightly, v. tr.; to put a slender 

hoop around a barrel: — lujut. 
bird, n.: — ^guegpo; p&jaro. 



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hirih 



41 



iioni 



birth, n.; — ^ma-fafta^; maflago; patto. 

biscuit, n.:— biacocho; gay etas. 

biahop, n.;— Obispo. 

bit, n.; morsel; mouthful:— bocao. 

bite, V. tr.; to crush or pierce with the 
teeth; to gnaw: — ac&. 

biting, adj., adv.; sharp; m(»dacious: — 
oalactos; dIUi&u; pa^'p&gd. 

bitter, adj., adv.; sour; acid:— mSia^et; 
nft-failei:. 

black, adj., a(A;.;— 6tilolig. 

blacken, v. ^.;— nft^&tilodg. 

hlacksTTiith, n.:— jer6ro. 

blacksmith shop, n.;— frftg-ua. 

bladder, n.: — ^bejiga; nayan-m^mi. 

blamable, adj.; culpable; guilty: — cul- 
pable (Sp.). 

blame, v. tr.; to find fault with; to cen- 
sure; to reprimand:— corije; sogne; 
tacha. 

blank, adj.; free from writing; empty: — 
bianco; gasgas; gOeco. 

blanket, n.; covering: — eno; saban as- 
lana. 

blasphemy, n.;— blasf^mia; dispara- 
tena. 

blase, n.; a body of flame: — ^mafiiUt. 

bleach, v. tr.; to remove color: — ^blang- 
quea; n&-&paca. 

bleed, v. t.;— majagft; n&-majagft. 

blend, n.; mixture: — dinafift. 

blend, v. tr.; to mix; to mingle: — dali&; 

bless, v. tr.; to praise; to commend; to 

extol: — ^bendise; tuna. 
blessed, adj., adv.; fortunate; lucky: — 

dichoso. 
blessedness, n.: — dinichoso. 
blessing, n.;— bendisi6n; tlnina. 
blight, n.; blast in the crop:— quinatot 

▼ tinanum. 
blind, ae^., adv.:— hachet. 
bUnk, V. %.; to twinkle; to wink: — 

iichetgue; ch&lftmlftm. 
bliss, n.; happiness:— feUsid&d (Sp,); 

minagof. 
blister, n.:— mama-bejiga; pagpaff. 
block (of wood, stone, etc.), n.: — ^peoaso. 
blond, adj.; red-haired: — ^bermejo; bet- 

mejo. 
blond, n.; — ^Jagft. 
blood-letting, v. tr.; to let blood; to tap 

blood : — desa^gra. 
blood-poisoning, n.; gangrene:— call^ 

grena. 
bloody, adj., adv.: — ^bula-Jagft; mejgft. 
bloom, V. %.; to blossom: — ^man-flores. 
blot, n.; spot; stain: — ^mancha. 
blot; V. tr.; to spot; to stain: — ^nft- 

mancha. 
blotter, n.;— secante. 
blouse, n.; — ^blusa; calo na magago. 
blow, V. %.; to breathe: — ^j&jft. 
blow, V. X.; to sway: — gdja; sopla. 
blow with the flat, n.; cuff: — dineznd. 
blow (speaking of the wind), v. %.: — 

guaJfe. 



blow, n.; stroke; knock: — dineH^olig; 

gotpe. 
blue, adj., adv.; cerulean; azure: — astit. 
bluii^ aaj,, adv.: — asustit. 
blue, V. tr.; to color or dye blue: — ^nft- 

asdt. 
blufP, adj.; rising steeply or boldly 

(speaking of mountains, rocks, etc.): — 

boca; loot na achd pat ogsd. 
bluff, V. tr.; to deceive: — dague; esitane; 



blunt, adj.; not sharp:— Hallo; ma> 

jefong. 
boar, n.: — ^balaco. 
board, n.; table:— tabla. 
boast, V. %.: — bumanidoso; tunan-maisa. 
boaster, n.; braggart:— banidoso; fan* 

tasioso. 
boat, n.; — ^bote. 
boat hook, n.; hook: — gancho. 
boatswain, n..*— contrama6stro. 
bodice, n.; waist: — cots6; chinina. 
bodkin, n.:— pons6m pufiat-alesna. 
body, n.; the human Dody: — ^t&taotao. 
body of stagnant water, n.; puddle; 

mudpuddle: — atasca; fanatascayan. 
bog, n.; tract of wet, spongy ground: — 

rachd; sesonyan. 
boil, V. %.; to cook: — ^lodog. 
boil, V, ».; to cook with fat:— cado. 
boil, V. tr.; to boil in water: — ohancocha; 

sotne. 
boisterous, adj.; vehement; impetuous; 

violent; passionate: stormy: — duro; 

fijom; rebottoso; areoat&o. 
bold, adj., adv.; courageous; audacious; 

forward:— a totgante; descarao; 

sdguat; matatfig^a. 
bolt, V. tr.; to bolt the door:— tratfjca; 

sorojo. 
bolt, V. %.; to start forward like a bolt: — 

manugoi^. 
bolt, n./ door lock: — sorojo. 
bolt, n.; a long step:— inaga&. 
bomb, n./ pump:— Hi>omba. 
bombard, v. tr.; to attack with bombs: — 

bombatdea; yotte bombas. ^ 
bombard, v. tr.; to shoot at; to fire 

upon:— bianco; bombatdea; flecha. 
bond, n.; obligation: — obligasi6n. 
bone, n.;— piema: t61aii£:. 
bonnet, n.;— bonete (Sp.); gora; tujoflg. 
book, n.;— leblo. 
bookkeeper, n.;— tenedot de libro 

{Sp.). 
boom, n.; spar: — ^botal6n. 
boots, n.;— betas, 
border, v, tr.; to encompass; to inclose: — 

engatsa; oriyate; oriyave. 
border, n.; end: — canto; cnfn; oriya. 
border, n.; edging; galoon lace; stripes 

(on officers* uniforms): — gal6n. 
bore, V. tr.; to tire; confound; to em- 
boss: — ^n&-dogae; n&-6son. 
bore, V. tr.; to bore through; to pierce 

through:— dulog; taladro. 
bom, i;. t.; to be bom: — ^ma-fa£iago. 



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briag 



borough, n.; a corporate town: — so^- 

BoiSi; biya. 
borrow, v. tr.; to obtain on loan: — 

'dydo; na-ayfto. 
bosom, n.; the breast: — ^peoho; jaof; 

aanjalom pecho. 
boss, n.; master; foreman: — aooznosinao; 

maestro {Sp.). 
bother, v. tr.; to molest: — atborota; 

mol6stia. 
bottle, n.; flask: — ^boteya; frasco. 
bottom of the sea, n.; sea bottom: — 

fondo. 
bough, n.; twig; branch: — dM&ft; ramas. 
boulder, n.; large stone: — dai^culo na 

achO. 
bound, V. tr.; to bound j to fence a 

field: — colat; lelicui; onyaye. 
boundary, n.: — checho. 
bouquet, n.; nosegay; bunch of flow- 
ers : — ^ramiyete . 
bow, V. %.: — cottesia; tecon. 
bow, n.; — atcos. 
bowels, n.; intestines: — tilipas. 
bower, n.; — enram.ada; sagayan. 
bowl, n.;^&8cara; tasa; tas6n. 
bow-iegeed, adj.^ pron.; person with 

crookea legs:— ihaflgco. 
bowling (game), n.; — ^Jue^o de bolas. 
box, n.; chest: — caia; caujau; cajon. 
box, n.; tin box: — ^lata. 
box on the ear, i;. (r.;— bofetada; 

desca. 
boy, n.; — ^lajej muchacho (Sp.): patgon. 
brace, n.; bandage: — h^e; bendas. 
bracket, n.; — puntat. 
bracelet, n.; arm ring: — ^brasaletas; 

putseras. 
brag, V. tr.; to become vain or proud: — 

bumanidoso. 
braggart, n.; boaster; swaggerer: — bani- 

doso; balenten pacnot; rantasioso. 
braid of hair, n.; tress; plait; queue; 

pigtail: — aquevd; filag. 
braid, v. tr.; to braid the hair; to braid 

a rope (not to weave): — ^filaf. 
brain, n.; reason; marrow: — titanos. 
brake, n.; wagon brake: — agramadera; 

para nu m& saea pat (or) nu mk para, 
branch, n.; bough; twig: — di]S^&; ramas. 
branch (of a cocoa palm; applies to a 

branch fallen from the tree and dried), 

n.:— jagasas; bftyag. 
brandish, v. tr., v. i.; to swing; to wave: — 

n&-gupo; yalfbao. 
brass, n.; — ^bronse; lat<5n. 
brave, adj., adv.; courageous; capable: — 

mat&t£&;a. 
brave, aai., adv.; mighty; powerful; 

strong: — ^balente; famoso; matatiiga. 
bravery, n.; strength: — ^minatatiSga. 
brazier (for burning coals), n.: — ^brasero 
breach, n.; violation; rent:— fatta; 

nilache; matiteg. 
bread, n.: — ^pan. 

breadfruit tree, n.: — troi^con dog- 
dog; troflgcon lemae. 



break, v. tr.; to tear up (a wall); to 
divide: — ^ip6; puta. 

break, v, tr.; to break a stick; to break 
bones: — ^julog. 

break, v. tr.; to crush: — gomgom; 
yamag. 

break, v. tr., v. %.; to break the strings 
of a musical instrument; to take the 
life: — miAJLB. 

break down, v. i.; to go to pieces: — 
mayamag. 

break, v. tr.; to annihilate: — ^yula^. 

break into pieces; v. tr.; to shatter: — 
yaytt. 

break off, v. tr.; to break off the limbs 
of a tree; to weaken the fire, by bank- 
ing or covering with leaves: — ^masqud; 
chagua. 

breakfast, n.: — amotsa. 

breakfast, v. %.; to take or to have 
breakfast : — amotsa. 

breast, n.: — Jaof; pecho. 

breasts, n.; udder: — susu. 

breath, n.; — alentos; alientos; jin^ong. 

breathe, v. %.: — Jagon^r. 

breathless, adj.; out ot breath: — ^guja; 
tiialentoe. 

breeze, n.; gentle gale; fresh, soft wind: — 
notdeste na man^lo; suabe na 
maiiglo. 

brew, V. tr.; to make liquors:— -bate; 
mam& manesca. 

bribe, v. tr.; to corrupt: — ^n&-l&che; 
n&-lam&s; n&-potlilo; n&-tdilaye. 

brick, n.; tile: — ladriyo; teja. 

bride, n.; — ^n6bia. 

bridegroom, n.: — ^n6bio. 

bridge, n.: — t61ai. 

bridle, n.; curb, rein: — freno. 

brief, adj., adv.; short; concise:— cSdadA; 
^usS; jijot. 

bng, n.; two-masted square-rigged ves- 
sel : — ^betgantfn. 

brigade, n.; — ^brigada. 

bright, adj.; luminous: — ^m&lag. 

brig-htness, n.; luster; radiance: — 
min&gas; nuMlag. 

brilliant, adj.; sparkling; lustrous; glit- 
tering: — lamlaTTi; m^lag. 

brim, n.; the edge of anything:— canto; 
oriya. 

brine, n.; pickle: — chiguan; janom 
magisen. 

bring, v. tr., v. %.; to carry; to take: — 
chuld; chull. 

bring, v. tr.; to catch:— «on6. 

bring forth, v. tr.; to produce; to cre- 
ate: — ^fafiago. 

bring forth, v. tr.; to bring up children: — 
pogsai. 

bring forth, v. tr.; to create; to bear:— 
n&-juyu^. 

bring forth, v. tr.; to produce; to cre- 
ate : — ^n&-f amtft. 

bring in, v. tr.; to put in; to lay in: — 
n&-jftlum. 



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43 



by 



'bring into contempt, v. ^r.:— n&-des- 

presiao; n&-machatlid. 
'bring nearer, v. tr.; to approach; to lay 

down : — ^ndr-arfma. 
'bring suit, v. tr.; to compain of before the 

court; to accuse: — t&ailA; cjuejaye. 
brisk, adj., adv.; alert; quick: — alisto; 

calamya; macalamya. 
bristle, n.; short stiff hair: — tiso na 

pule, 
brittle, adj., adv.; thin; fragile: — gue- 

ton; pasca. 
hroad^adj.y adv.; wide; roomy: — anchoj 

naaguag. 
broil, V. tr,; to fry; to prepare food; to 

season; to roast: — guisa. 
broken, adj.: — ^m&pd. 
bronze, n.;— bronae {also means made of 

bronze or brass). 
brood, n.; offspring; hatch:— rasa, 
brood hen, n.: — culeca; ponedera. 
brood, V. i.; to incubate: — cumuleca. 
brood, V. i.; to worry; to indulge in 

melancholy meditation: — jasuye de- 

niasiao. 
brook, n.; a small stream: — slUlog. 
brooxii, n.: — escoba. 
broth, n.; mush; com boiled in the milk 

of the coconut: — atmayas; atule. 
brother, n.; sister: — chdlo. 
brother-in-law, n.: — ouflado (y qidfi- 

adH-jo). 

brow, n.; forehead:— j6e. 

brown, adj.: — col6t chocolate; patdo; 

moreno. 
brush, n.; thicket; shrubbery: — diquiqut 

na &tbot. 
brush, V. tr,; to scrape or scratch off; to 

rub: — ^jotyat; safe. ' 

brutal, adj.; cruel: — ^iyoli ^^\ taiast. 
brute, n.: — ^bruto; gfig&. 
brutish, adj., adv.; animal; bestial: — 

iyon i^^. 
bubble. V. %.; to boil up; to sputter 

(speaking of a spring, etc. ) : — bologbog. 
buJcky n.; ram {also sheep in general): — 

qumilo. 
bucket, n.;— batde. 
buckle, n.; clasp:— jebiyas. 
buckwheat, n.: — un clasen trigo, {liter- 

ally: a kind of grain), 
bud, n.; flower: — ^fl^ores; batunes flores. 
buffoon, n.;— bufon; tftires. 
bug^, n.; carriage: — calesa; careta; 

qums. 
buprle, n.; horn: — cotneta; trompeta. 
build, V. tr.; to mold; to do: — ^xfttinas. 
build a nest, v. i.: — fdni&-chenchon; 

chinenchon. 
building materials, n.: — ^maderas; 

trastes. 
bulb, n.; onion-shaped root: — sensen 

tin&ion pat ch&guan gui jalom od&. 

4562—18 4 



bull, n.; — toro. 

bulldog, n.: — un clasen g& lago (a 

certam kind of dog), 
bullet, n.:— bala; bola (ball game). 
bullock, n.; steer:— nobiyo pat toro; 

na ti fa&ye. 
bunch, n.; cluster: — ^rasimo. 
bundle, n.; — fininut; manojo. 
bundle, n.; sheaf:— manojo. 
bungler, n.; dabbler:— chapusero; 

tracachero. 
buoy, n.: — ^boya. 
bur, n.; burdock: — dada£gse. 
burden, n./laige pack; skirt (iSp., falda); 

lap; nap; train of a skirt: — ^fatd6n; 

cola, 
burden, n.; chaige; load; baggage: — 

catga. 
burd<^^k, n.; bur: — d&da£g:se. 
burglar, n.: — saque; y jaiatme gum&. 
burial, n.; funeral: — entiero. 
bum, V, tr.: — Janon; sofiggue; sunog. 
bum up, V. tr.: — janon; songgue. 
bum, V. tr.; to parch the ground; to 

squander : — satpa. 
burning, CKfj.;— j&janon; m^lag. 
burnt, adj., adv.;Qiy\ barren: — dognj^os; 

tosta. 
burro, n.: — ^buro. 
burst, V. tr.; to rent or break open with 

violence : — maptft. 
burst, V. t.;— put&. 
burst, V. %.; to explode:— put&; ip^. 
bury, V. tr.; to entomb; to inter: — ^fafot; 

tatne. 
bush, n.; forest:— jalimi-tand. 
bush knife, n.; machete: — machete, 
business, n.; speculation: — ^negdsio. 
but, conj.; notwithstanding; neverthe- 
less: — ^iau. 
but I mfer;. :—a^daiau I 
butcher, n.: — ^matadero^ 
butcher siiop, n.: — matansa 
butler, n.; cup bearer: — oopero. 
butt end of a gun, n.: — colata. 
butter, n.; — ^mantiquiya. 
butterfly, n..— ^bftbadg. 
buttocks, n.: — quiya. 
button, V. tr.; to knot: — ^batunes; 

fiudo. 
button, n.;^batunes. 
button, V. tr.; to button up: — ^batunes. 
button, n.; knot: — Hudo. 
buttonhole, n.; — ojales. 
buy, V. tr.; to purchase; to get for a 

price: — ^fajan. 
buyer, n.;— fHf&jSn. 
by, prepj — ^pot: oriya. 
by chance, adj., adv., conj.; haply; 

j>erhaps; may be: — acaso; jungguan; 

sifiajft. 
by degrees, ac^,, adv.; gradual; step by 

step : — adomididl. 



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cabbafe 



44 



canj 



C. 



cabbage, n.: — ^repoyo. 

cabin, n.; hut:— c&mara. 

cabinet, n.: — c6inoda. 

cable, n.:^able. 

cackle (of a hen caUing her young), 

V. %.: — togtog. 
Cad, n.; vulgar, ill-bred fellow: — ch&t- 

TTiafftnAgtte na t&otao. 
caee, n.; — ^tancat. 
cake, n.; — queg. 

calamity, n.; disaster; mishap; mis- 
fortune :^-calainid&. 
calculate, v. tr.; to estimate; to con- 
sider: — jasuye. 
calculate, v. tr.; to compute; to think 

out:^atcula. 
calf, n.; — tatnero. 
calf (of the leg), n.; — m&manja. 
calico, n.; wmte or imprinted cotton 

cloth: — 4^pa^. 
calk, V. tr.; to calk; to repair a ship: — 

ealafate. 
call, n.; a visit: — ^bisita. 
call, V. %.; to come; to visit: — ^fatofgUe. 
call, n.; a call to chase away a dog: — 

Jtod&. 
call, V. tr.; to denominate; to name: — 

fa-na^an. 
call to account, v. %.; to hold an ac- 
counting: — gagfao cuenta. 
call by signs, v. %.; to simmion by 

signs: — Slof. 
call, V, tr.; to name; to knock at the 

door: — dandan. 
call, V. %.; to call out; to cry: — ara^. 
callosity, n./ weal; skin swelled and 

hardened by labor :^-cayo8. 
callous, adj.y adv.: — cayos. 
cabn, n.; lack of wind or breeze: — 

catma. 
cabn, V. tr.; to soothe; to appease; to 

soften; to assuage; to make gentle: — 

apasigua; n&-famatquilo. 
cami, adj., adv.; tranquil; quiet: — 

mamatquilo. 
calumniate, v. tr.; to scoff; to deride: — 

adft. 
calumniations, n. pZ.:— calumnia; en- 

redos. 
calumniator, n.; reviler; slanderer: — 

dideshonra; enredad6t. 
camel, n.: — cameyo. 
camp, n.: — campo; campamento. 
can, V. i.; to be able: — sifLa. 
can, v.; tin can; metal vessel: — ^lata. 
canarv, n.: — can&rio. 
cancel, v. tr.; to annul: — ^ma-anula; 

ma-cansela; ma-rease. 
candid, adj., adv.; honest; outspoken: — 

franco, 
candle, n..*— candela; dafigues. 
candle holder, n.; candelabra: — can- 

delero. 
oandy, n.: — candi. 
cane, n.: — ^b&ston. 



canine, adj.; pertaining to dogs: — ^rasan 
gftlago. 

canoe, n.: — giUaidd. 

camion, n.: — ca£16n. 

canvas, n.: — ^brin; lona. 

cap, n.: — gora. 

cap (with a visor), n.; — quepis. 

capable, adj., adv.; brave; courageous: — 
matatiSga; capds. 

cape, n.;— capa. 

capital, n.; capital city: — cs^it&t. 

^pital sin, n.: — m&gas na Isao. 

capital, n.; the simi invested in a 
DU8ine8B:^-capit&t; prinsipdt. 

caprice, n.; unrestricted choice: — ca- 
pricho; pinto. 

capricious, adj., adv.; humorsome: — 
caprichoso. 

capsize, V. tr.; to turn over: — ^pu]a; 
alifj^quin. 

captain, n.; — capitan. 

captious, adj.y adv.; critical:— <)h&tsaga. 

captives, n. pZ.; prisoners: — preso. 

captivity, n.; imprisonment; confine- 
ment: — cautibidad. 

captured, adj.: — ^preso; ma-cond. 

capuchin monk, n.: — capuchino. 

carabao, n .; the water buffalo: — 
carabao. 

card, n.; visiting card; business card: — 
tarjeta. 

cardboard, n.;— catt6n. 

care, n.; concern; solicitude; anxiety: — 
inadaje. 

careen, v. %.; to lean over (speaking of a 
boat): — ^utsa. 

care for, v. tr.; to provide for; to set at 
work; to prove by one's action; to de- 
velop; to unfold; to put in use: — ^fin&- 
m&iueg. 

care, n.; regard; foresight; precaution: — 
ad^je. 

careful, adj.; heedful: — ^y6daje. 

care. v. %.; to torment; to labor: — s&p6t. 

careless, adj.; inadvertent; inatten- 
tive : — descuidao. 

carelessness, n.; heedlessness; reckless- 
ness : — descuida. 

caress, n.: — ^inifa; fiinifia. 

carnivorous, adj.', — tdgcho. 

carpenter, n.: — catpintero. 

carpet, n.: — alfombra. 

carried away, p. p. torn away (by the 
wind) : — guinipo. 

ccuriage, n.: — coche. 

carry, v. tr.; to carry a child: — j6gtte. 

carry, v. tr.;U> carry suspended from the 
hand:— dllilifig:. 

carry, v. tr.; to carry suspended from the 
shoulder without a stick:— chafigcA. 

carry, v. tr.; to carry under the arm: — 
apecheiSg:. 

carry, v. tr.; to carry under the armpit: — 



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ciny 



45 



charm 



oany. v. tr., v. %.; to bring; to take: — 

cart, n.; light two- wheeled vehicle: — 

caretiya. 
eartridge, n.;— cattuoho; capsula, car- 

tucho. 
eartridg^e pouch, n.;— cattuchera. 
case, n.; a covering or receptacle: — 

sajguan. 
carve, v. tr,; to form a deeign by cutting 

in wood, stone, etc.: — ^16bla. 
carved work, n.; carving:— linabla. 
cash, n.; money:— salap^. 
cask, n.; — ^bariles. 
cassock, 71.: — casuya; hdbito-sotana. 
cast, V. tr.; to fling; to throw (stonee); to 

Btone: — aguet; ddgao. 
cast away, v. tr.; to repudiate; to epum; 

to throw away: — desecha; yutd. 
cast off, V. tr.; to shake off; to repel: — 

sacude. 
cast ofP to one side: — chanda. 
castel, n.; citadel: — castijro: seradura. 
casual, adj . ; accidental: — 

ti-man an RtTfec&. 
casuaUv, adj., adv.; accidentally: — 

timajasngon. 
casualty^ n.; an accident; resulting in 

bodily injury or death: — desgr&sia. 
cat, n.: — cftto. 
catarrh, n.; cold: — mafiiim. 
catch, V. tr.; to bring: — cond. 
catch, V. tr.; to cheat; to befool: — 

catch cold, v. %.; to take fresh air: — ^uznd- 

fresco, 
catch, V. tr.. v. %.; to grasp; to gripe: — 

ganicho (aUo to grasp: jacot; to hook: 

rnnoho; hook, n.; ganoho). 
catch, V. tr.y %.; to deize; to grip; to 

grasp: — chajlao. 
catechism, n.: — catesismo. 
caterpillar, n.:— ultl; uld llb&bafig. 
cathedral, n.;— catedr&t. 
catholic, adj.: — cat61ico. 
cattle, n.; — ganado. 
cause, n.; loatter; thing: — catisa; motibo. 
cause pain, v. tr.;— n&-pinite. 
cause sorrow, v. %.; to cause grief: — 

nft-triste. 
caution, v. tr.; to advise; to admonish: — 

adbiette. 
cavalryman, n.: — sendalon quinab&- 

bayo. 
cave, n.; cavern: — ^liya^. 
cavit^, n.; apertiue; opening; hole: — 

madog. 
cease, v. %.; to finish; to stop: — ^fagpd; 

para; basta. 
cede, V. tr.; to give: — nke. 
ceiling (of a room), n.: — qulsame. 
celebrate, v. %.; to make a holiday: — 

gopte; gupot. 
celebrated^ adj.: — afamao. 
cell, n.; pnson:— calaboso. 



ceUar, n.: — ^bodega. 

cement, v. tr.; to fill up with putty: — 
galagala. 

cement, n.: — semento. 

cemetery, n.; — sementeyo. 

censure, v. tr.; to disapprove; to con- 
demn; to reprove; to denounce: — 
desaprueba^ corije. 

center, n.: — tcUd Uee t&lo: again). 

oentiped, n.: — scdiffao. 

central, adj.: — tinfid. 

century, n.;— siglo. 

ceremony, n.; solemnity: — serem6nia. 

certain, adj.^ adv.; secure; sure: — ^fijo. 

certainly, adv.; in all seriousness: — 
s6n-magajet. 

chagrin, n.; indignation; quarrel; ob- 
stacle; difl5culty; vexation: — disgusto 
{also quarrel: pleito). 

chain, n.:— <$&dena. 

chain, v. tr.; to fetter: — griniyete. 

chain, made up of red shells, n.: — 
cadenan colales (red shells: colales). 

chain of love (local name for the Mexi- 
can creeper): — cadena de amot. 

chair, n.: — siya. 

chalice, n.; cup: — oalis. 

chalk, n.; — ^yeso. 

challenge, v. tr.; to fight; to summon 
to a contest: — case; soyd para mumo 
(to tease: case). 

chamberlain, n.; lord of the king's bed- 
chamber: — camarero (cabin boy : cam- 
arero). 

chamorro language: — ^flnd jaya (mean- 
ing the laxmiage of the south; as 
against find l&go, the language of the 
north, or, the Spanish language). 

champion, n.; defender: — g&nadot; 

change, n.; alteration; mutation :— inago. 

change, v. tr.; exchange; to brin^ from 
one place to another (speaking of 
cattle):— ftgo; tulafca. 

changeable, adj., ado.; fickle; incon- 
stant; mutable; variable; fluctuating: — 
ftguyon. 

channel, n.; canal: — canat. 

channel, v. tr.; to dig a channel or 
gutter : — ^f ftcanate . 

character, n.; frame of mind; dispo- 
sition: — car&cter; costumbre. 

charcoal, n.; glow of burning coals: — 
pinigan; catbon jayo. 

charge, v. tr.; to attack: — tugo^. 

charge, v. tr.; to send for a purpose; to 
commission: — comisiona^ encatga. 

charge, v. tr.; to furnish with an errand; 
to authorize: — autorisa. 

charitable, adj., adv.; compassionable:— 
y6a8d. 

charitableness, n.; liberality: — gui- 
n^ftao. 

charity, n.; — yineas§. 

charm, n.: loveliness: — giiaiyayon. 



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cfinb 



chaxxning, adj., udv.; lovely; agreeable; 

sweet; worthy of being loved: — ^nft- 

malagd. 
chaste, adj., adv.; decent; clean; neat: — 

desente; ga^as; honesto. 
chatter, v. i.; to gabble: — gagag. 
chauffeur, n.: — cocheron automobit. 
cheap, adj.; purchasable for a low price: — 

barato; ti-guaguan. 
cheat, n.; — ^fln&babE; dinfigue. 
cheat, r . tr.; to damage: — dague; fftbaba. 
cheat at cards, n.;-— dogueria. 
cheat, v.; to cheat each other: — ^umA- 

f&bab&. 
cheat; to deceive; to impose on; to de- 
fraud; to dupe (also to impair, v. tr.; to 

prejudice; to do damage to): — acft- 

chaye. 
cheating, n.; knavery; swindling: — 

dinH. 
checkers, n.; the game of checkers: — 

dama. 
cheek, n.: — ^faso. 
cheerful, adj., adv.; delightful; joyous; 

merry; gay; satisfied: — ^n&-iuag^i; di- 

bettido. 
cheese, n.; — queso. 
chest of dzuwers, n.; commode: — 

c6znoda. 
chew, V. tr.: — ^n^alS^as. 
chew, V. tr.; to cnew audibly: — ^n&- 

guetmon. 
chew, V. tr.; to chew tobacco: — aznasca. 
chewing tobacco, n.; — amasca. 
chicken, n./ young bird : — ^manog (young 

chicken: poyo). 
chief, n.: — ^jefe. 
child, n.: — ^nifio; patcon. 
child to be bapmzed, n./ protege; 

neophite: — Jado (godson: Jardo). 
childbirth, n.: — ^patto. 
dull (in lever attack), n.;— fugo {see 

fugd; squeeze), 
chirnney, n.; touchhole or firing hole of a 

^un : — diimenea. 
chin, n.: — &chai. 
chin, n.; point of the chin: — ^puntan 

dchai. 
Chinese, adj.: — ohino. 
chip, n.; small piece: — estiyas. 
chisel, n.: — escoplo. 
chocolate, n.; — diocolate. 
choice, n.; option: — ^in&yeg. 
choir, n.; — coro. 
choke, V. tr., v. %.; to suffocate: — gaot- 

gan; fLucot. 
cholera, n.: — o61era. 
choose, r. tr.; to select: — Syeg. 
chop on, V. tr.; to break off :--chebafig. 
chorus, n.; a number singing in con- 
cert:— la jyan mal^&o&n&. 
ohristen, v. tr.; to baptize: — ^ma-nft- 

quilisyano. 
christening, n.: — bautismo. 
christian doctrine, n.: — catesismon; 

quilisyano. 



chuckle, V. %.; to titter; to crackle (the 
bones of a joint): — chacft {see chSca: 
rat). 

church, n.; — guma-Ytius. 

cigar, n.; tobacco:— chupa. 

cigarette, n..*— cigoriyo. 

cinnamon, n.:— <$anela. 

circle, n.; a round body: — sitculo. 

circular, adj., adv.; round; rotund (ball, 
roll of writing, scroll): — adamelofi^. 

dstem, n.: — tanque. 

citron, n.; lime: — lemon. 

city, n.: — siud6. 

civil, adj., adv.; polite: — respetao. 

daim, v. tr.; to demand; to assert: — 
g&nye. 

daimant, n.; one who demands some- 
thing as a right: — y jg^uma^ganye. 

dam, n.; an edible bivalve; mollusk: — 
pajgaj^. 

clammy, adj.; soft; sticky: — d&S^o£|^. 

clamor, n.; touting; yelhng: — ^inagatig^. 

damp, n.;— jeramienta para man- 
aprieta. 

dapper of a bell^ n.: — ^p&nag-camp&na. 

dash, V. i.; to stnke violently together: — 
a^pknttg. 

clasp, n.; buckle: — ^jebiyas. 

dasp, V. tr.; press, to oppress; to af- 
flict: — aprieta. 

dass (in school), n.: — dase. 

classify, v. tr.; to systematize: — ftyeg. 

datter, v. i.; to murmur; to rustle; to 
whisper; to rattle: — cHsoas {also to 
whisper: nangon). 

clause, n.; separate part of a written 
composition: — ^parafo. 

daws, n. pZ.; — e&c&guas: pdpaquee. 

day, n.; loam; mud: — ^fachd.. 

dean, adj., adv.; neat: — easgas. 

dean, v. tr^' to drv: — saosao. 

dean^ v. tr.; to refine (sugar):— nA-flno. 

deaning rag, n.; polishing cloth: — 
lampaso. 

deanuness, n.; decency: — guinasgas. 

deanse, v. tr.; to wash: — ^fftmse. 

dear, adj.; bright; pure:— daro; lam- 
lam; puro. 

dear, adj., adv.; positive; expressly pro- 
vided for:— daro. 

dear, v. tr.; to clear a field of trees or 
stumps; to cut down a wood; to root 
out tne forest: — desmonta. 

deaver, n.; a butcher's heavy hatchet: — 
madietenrmataddt. 

demency, n.; compassion; remission:— 
mina-asd. 

dever, adj., adv,; inventive; witty; in- 
genious: — ^f&ye; malatd. 

dient, n.; one who employs a lawyer: — 
y ma-defi6fiende. 

ciiS. n.; rock; stone: — ^ladera (stone: 
ach6). 

climate, n.: — temperaturan-tan6. 

dimb, V, %.: — ^fedos; jotde. 



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47 



confort 



clixnber, n.: — 7 mamdmedos ; y man- 

i6jotde. 
elimbixi£^ palms, n.: — troncon-bejuoo 

(alio trolS^on-bejuoo). 
dimb up, V. i.;— cooold; cajul6. 
diaoh, V. tr.; to rivetr^remaoha. 
oUng, V. %.; to hold fast: — togtog duio. 
dip, V, tr,; to cut with shears or scis- 

Bon: — dinftslU-inaquiiiiya. 
dodc, n.;— rel68. 
doae, adj,; kept secret; silent:— f&fat- 

quilo. 
dose by, adj,; near: — ^Jijot. 
dose, adj.f adv.; dense; difficult; en- 
tangled : — gadon. 
dose, V, tr.; to 8hut:--judxom (or: 

juchum). 
dose a contract, v. tr., v. %.; to enter 

into an agreement:— n&-fagp6. 
dose, V. tr.; to stop upi—Juchum; 

candalo.* 
doselv connected with each other: — 

uxna-cheton. 
dose, V. tr.; to close the eyes: — achig«6. 
doset, n.; retreat; water-closet: — comon. 
doth, n.; — magago. 
dothier, n.; one who makes or sells 

clothing: — ^venteron-ma^ago. 
dothinff, n.; piece of clothing; article of 
dress : — bestiao. 

doud, n.:— Jomjom uchan; mapagajes. 
doudy, adj.: — ^nublado; jomjom uchan. 
dub, n.; — damatig. 
coach, n.; carriage: — ooche; caruaje. 
coachman, n.; driver: — codiero. 
coal, n.; — oatbon. 
coal dust, n.: — ^potbos catbon. 
coarse, adj., adv.; rough; inattentive; 

irreverent ; disrespectful ; rude: — 

desatento; bastos. 
coarse, adj., adv.; refractory; stubborn; 

willful : — ^machaleg. 
coast (aho cost), n.: — contra-costa. 
coat, n.: — saoo. 
cobwebs, n. — tiraraAas (spider: 

sanyeye). 
cock, n.; the male of birds; rooster: — 

gayo. 
cockfight, n.: — gayera. 
oockroadi, n.; — cucoradia. 
cocoa, n.;— c&cao. 
cocoa crab, n.; — ayujru. 
coconut (sifter the milk has been ex- 
tracted), n.: — ^bagaso. 
coconut (tender, gSod to eat), n. : — can- 

uon. 
coconut (a tender one; already contain- 
ing liquor]), n.;— manjaj aplog. 
coconut (wnen entirely npened), n.: — 

gaf6. 
coconut (when small, and not larger 

than a betel nut), n.; — d&deg. 
coconut milk, n.:— chigd niyog. 
coconut rasp, n.: — camyo. 
coconut, V. tr.; to rasp the coconut: — 

camyo. 
coconut, n.; rasped: — quinamyo. 



coconut shell, n.: — jaiguas. 
coco palna^ n.; — ^troiigcon niyog. 
codfish, n.; yellow wren; Spanish fly: — 

bacala6. 
cofPee, n.;— caf6. 
coffin, n.: — atafid. 
cogitate, v. (r., v. %.; to reflect upon; to 

be of the opinion; to imagine; to con- 
jecture; to tnink.^ — jiiso. 
cohere, v. %.; to stick together:— 

umtt^oheton. 
coil, n.; a rope gethered into a ring: — 

royon-tale. 
coil up, v. tr., V. %.; to curl up; to roll 

together:-— falulon. 
coin, n.; piece of money: — ^moneda; 

salapd. 
cold, tuij.; frigid: — ^mane^Je^. 
cold, n.; catarrh; cold in the head: — 

mafionx. ^ 
colic, n./ gripes: — puten ohadiag. 
collapse, V. %.; to fall in; to break down: — 

podofEg^jalom. 
collar, n.; — cueyo. 

collect, V. tr.; to gather; to bring to- 
gether; to accumulate: — ^f&monton; 

n&-etnon; recoje. 
collect, V. tr.; to assemble: — etnon. 
collect, V. tr.; to call in outstanding 

moneys :— -cobla. 
coUect, V. tr.; to collect rain water in 

receptacles or reservoirs: — ^fagte. 
collector of customs, n.: — acuianero. 
coUeee, n.; higher scnool: — quelejo. 
collide, V. %,; to knock together: — 

um&totpe. 
collision, n.: — totpe. 
colonel, n.; commander of a regiment: — 

coronal, 
color, n.: — col6t. 
color, V. tr.; to paint: — ^pentll. 
colored pumpkin, n.; — ottUUn&sft. 
colorless, adj.; pale (of complexion): — 

chupon. 
colossal, adj.; gigantic:— dalSgculo. 
colt, n.; young male hone: — ^patgon- 

cabayo na-laje. 
column, 71.; — columna. 
comb, n.: — ^paine. 
comb (of the rooster), n.: — cresta. 
combat, v. tr., v. %.; to fight: — ^mumo. 
combine, v. %.; to unite; to join:— 

etnon; fan-etnon. 
come I interj.: — ^mailA! 
come, V. %.: — ^mail&. 
comedy, n.: — comeya. 
come from, v. tr.: — guine. 
come in sight, v. %.; to shine forth; to 

make one's appearance: — anog. 
conae in touch with, v. i.: — cheton. 
come to the aid of, v. tr.: — a'Vuda. 
come, V. %.; to visit; to call: — xatofgile. 
comfort, V. tr.; to console: — consudla. 
comfort, V. tr.; to console; to encourage; 

to ccupy one's self with; to practice: — 

consu^la. 



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comfortabk 



48 



caofase 



comfortable, adj., adv.; fortunate; con- 
tent: — guMHiaga. 

comforter, n.; consoler: — consoladdt. 

command, v. tr.; to order; to rule: — 
tagd. 

commemorate, v. tr.; to celebrate with 
honor: — g6pte. 

commence, v. tr.^ v. %.; to begin; to 
Btart: — tuttijon. 

commend, v. tr.; to laud; to praiee: — 
tiina. 

comment, n.; remark; explanation: — 
sin&^an. 

commerce, n.; trade:— com^tsio. 

commissidn, n.; diflpoeition: — encatgo; 
comisi6n. 

commit murder, v.tr.,v.i.;\jo murder: — 
mamtin6. 

commit suicide: — ^pund niftlsa. 

common, adj.^ adv.; public; general: — 
comtin. 

commonalty, n.; community: — comu- 
nid&d. 

conmion people, n.; plebeians: — otdi- 
n6rio na-taotao. 

comimunicate, v. tr.; to impart; to cause 
to be shared: — ^n&e-p&tte. 

communion, n.; partaking of the eu- 
charist : — comuni6n. 

community, n.; commonalty:— comu- 
nid6d. 

companion, n.; comrade; associate; part- 
ner: — gftcnoiig. 

company, n.: — conipafifa. 

compare, v. tr.; to liken: — acomp&ra. 

compariBon, n.; parable: — compara- 
sion. 

compass, n.; — comp&s. 

compassion, n.; goodness; mercy; mina- 
&sd. 

compassionate, adj., adv.; charitable: — 
ma-&sd. 

compel, V. tr.; to force; to constrain; to 
coerce; to subdue: — afu6teas. 

compelled labor, n.; socage: — choclid- 
fuets&o. 

compensate, v. tr.; to ronumerate; to re- 
pay: — gratdfica. 

compete, v. %.; to enter into competi- 
tion : — u-mS,''cliag^e . 

competent, adj.; capable: — oap&s; com- 
pet^nte. 

compile, v. tr.; to put together: — daflft. 

complaint, n.; accusation; impeach- 
ment; suit at law: — qu6ja. 

complete, adj., adv.; entu^; total; full; 
ready; prepared: perfect: — cab&les; 
enteramento; entero. 

complete, v. tr.; to finish: — ^magpd; 
monj^yan. 

conxplete, adj., adv.; ready; finished: — 
monj4yan. 

complicated, v. tr.; to involve; to en- 
tangle: — c6cas; gjkdon. 

complication, n.: — ^ina^'don. 

compliment, n.; expression of cour- 
tesy : — cumplinai6nto. 



compliment, v. tr.; to flatter; to praise; 

to congratulate: — ttbia. 
compose, v. tr.; to pacify; to appease; to 

cahn :— n&-f amatqullo. 
compositor, n.; typesetter:— impres6t. 
conaprehend, v. %.; to understand: — 

compr6nde. 
compress, i;. tr.; to condense: — ^]6gse; 

jo fid. 
compromise, n.; agreement:— compro- 

miso. 
compromise, v. i.; to lay bare; to ex- 
pose : — compromdte. 
compulsory, adj., adv.; involuntary: — 

fuets&o; obli^o. 
comrade, n.; friend; fellow; partner (in 

both good and bad sense): — ^&clio^. 
conceal, v. tr.; to hide; to di^uise: — 

lIpa;rtog. . . 

concede, r. tr.; to assent; to agree to: — 

n&e petmlso. 
concern, n.; affair; business: — ^astinto. 
conclude, v. tr.; to determine; to direct; 

to order: — detetmfna. 
conclusion^ n.; finish; end: — ^fln&gpd. 
concur, v, %.; to agree: — u-mficonfotma. 
condemn, v. tr.; to sentence: — y6g^a. 
condemn, v. tr.; to disapprove; to re- 
prove; to denounce; to censiue: — 

desaprudba. 
condition, n.; measure; rule; disposition; 

direction: — condisi6n; disposisi6n. 
condition, n.; state: — est&o. 
condition, n.; stipulation: — oondisidn. 
condole, v. tr.; to express sympathy: — 

s&onao puminlte. 
condone, v. tr.; to pardon: — asfe. 
conduct, n.; — conducta. 
confectionery, n.; sweetmeat; cakes: — 

fin&m&znes. 
confederate, n.; accomplice: — complise 
confess^ v. i.: — cumonfesat. 
confession, n.: — oonfesi6n. 
confession, n.; the last confession: — 

y mapos na confesi6n. 
confessional, n.; — oonfesion&rio. 
confide, v. tr., v. %.; to hope; to expect; 

to look for; to intrust:— a^goco; coi^fa. 
confidence, n.; — ^ina^oco. 
confident, adj., adv.: — ajSgoouyon. 
confirm, v. tr.; to strengthen: — con- 

fitma. 
confirmation, n.: — confitmasi6n. 
confiscate, v. tr.; to sell at auction: — 

embatga. 
conflagration, n.; fire: — quemas6n. 
conform, v. tr.; to make alike: — con- 

f6tme. 
conform, v. i.; to comply with:— 

cumple. 
confound, v. tr.; to tire; to bore; to 

emboss : — ^n&-6son. 
confront (by witnesses), v. <r.;--finan&. 
confuse, v. tr.; to jumble up; to render 

indistinct: — ^n&-S''gadon; nA-ii-'lache. 



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coifosed 



49 



confused, adj.; disorderly; irr^^ular:— 
desareffl&o. 

oongenial, adj.; kindred: — ^pardjo gen- 
ion-fiija. 

consratiilate, v, tr.; to wish happLnees 
to:— lelisit^r (Sp.). 

connect, v. tr.; to join; to iinite: — nA- 
6tnon; nft-ch6ton. 

connected, cdj., adv.: — chiton. 

conscienoe, n.; — conai^nBia. 

consecrate, v. tr.; to transmute: — 
cons&gra. 

consecration, n.; transformation: — oon- 
sagrasidn. 

consent, n.; agreement: — quinensidnte. 

consider, v. tr,; to calculate; to esti- 
mate: — oonsiddra; catctila. 

consider, v. tr.; to contemplate; to 
survey : — oonsidera. 

consist, V. %.; to be composed of; to be 
made up of: — consiste. 

consokttion, n.; occupation: — tinSiid. 

consolation, n.; — quinensuela or con- 
suelo. 

console, v. tr.; to comfort:— consuela. 

constant, adj., adv.; persistent; stead- 
fast; persevering; industrious; diligent; 
assiduous; sedulous: — oonstante; fijo. 

construct, v. tr.; to build; to put to- 
gether:— jatsa (to lift: Jatsa). 

consult, V. ^..*— consutta. 

consume, v. tr.: — ^Ul^'chlU. 

consume, v. tr.; to gulp down: — tuch6. 

consume, v. tr.; to use up entirely, 
leaving nothing:— Ul^'ohfii. 

consumption, n.; exx>enses; costs: — 
gastos. 

consumptive, adj.: — sogso^. 

contain, v. tr.; to hold within: — omlat. 

container (for serving chocolate), n.i — 
b&tidot. 

contemplate, v. tr.; to consider; to 
survey : — oontempla. 

contempt, n.; disdain; scorn: — des- 
presio. 

contemptible, adj.; meriting scorn: — 
despresi&os. 

contend, v. %.; to emulate: — qud-ieue. 

content, adj., adv.; fortunate; conuort- 
able: — wAgotj gu6f-saga. 

contented, a/;., adv.; joyous; glad:— 
m&gof. 

contention, n.; quarrel: — ^pl&ito. 

continence; n.; abstinence; temper- 
ance: — ilyiino. 

oontinnal, adj., adv.; incessant; con- 
stant:— constante. 

continuation, n.; duration; endur- 
ance: — sinigae (aUo duration: in- 
abmam). 

continue, v, %,; to endure; to last; to 
abide:— dinira. 

continue, v, %.; to follow:— sigue. 

continuous, adj., adv.; perpetual: — 
petmanente. 

contract, n.; agreement: — oontrato. 



contracted, adj.; cramped; tightly 

strung: — apret&o. 
contractor, n.; exploiter:— <$ontrati8ta. 
contradict, v. tr.; to quarrel; to dispute; 

to disagree; to struggle; to be at vari- 
ance : — oontradise. 
contradiction, n.; quarrel: — oontra- 

dicsi6n; contradisi6n. 
contrary, adj.; to the contrary: — at 

oontrario or pot el contrfirio. ' 

contribute, v. tr.; to furnish as a share: — 

Hyuda. 
contrition, n.; penitence; repentance: — 

contrision; sin^tsot. 
control, V. tr.; to search; to view; to 

visit; to inspect: — 6gkgk. 
convenience, n.; fitnes s: — 

conbenidnsia. 
convenient, adj.; suitable; handy: — 

oonbenitote. 
conversation, n.; entertainment: — 

conbetsasion; cuentos. 
converse, v. %.; to talk familiarly: — 

cumuentos. 
convert, v. fr.;— conbiette. 
convince, v. tr.; to win over by persuasion 

or evidence:--4>ense. 
convoy, n.; escort; accompaniment: — 

aoompafLamiento. 
cook, n.; — oosinero. 
cook, V. tr.; to boil; to set upon the fire; 

to melt: — ^n&-l&go. 
cooking kettle, n.: — ^lauya. 
cool, adj., adv.; fresh; refreshing: — 

fresco, 
cool, V. tr.; to refresh: — ^n&-m&pao. 
cool off, V. tr.: — ^n&-m&nao. 
copious, adj., adv.; complete; detailed: — 

guef-ma-esplioa. 
copper, n..*— coble, 
copy, n.;— copia« 
copy, t;. tr.:— copia. 
coral, n.: — achd-fUlfiac. 
cord, n.; a twisted string: — ^jH^Jlon. 
cork, n.; bottle stopper:— <$otdio. 
com, n.; maize: — ^m&^ies. 
com, n.; sore; ulcer:— cayos. 
comer, n,; edge:— rinc6n. 
comer (of a building), n.: — esquina. 
corpse^ n.; dead body; dead: — cadabet; 

matdi. 
correct, V. tr.; to blame; to censure: — 

corije. 
correspondence, n.; letters: — co- 

resDonddnsia. 
oorriaor. n.; veranda; passageway: — 

coredot. 
corrugated iron, n.; — planchan-sfn. 
cost, V. tr.; to be worth; important (or 

to be valid):— b&le (what does it coetP 

cuantobalifia?). 
costs, n.; consumption; expenses: — 

gastos. 
cotton, n.; cotton wadding: — &tguedon. 
cough, n.; — ^1616. 
coundilor, n.; advisor: — consejero. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



60 



counsel, n.; advice: — consejo; pinfigftt. 
counsel, v, i.; to advise; to aaaiflt; to give 

advice: — aconseja; pagat. 
count, V, tr.; to enumerate:— numerea; 

tuiofig. 
count, V, tr.; to figure: — ^tufofig^. 
countermand, v. ir.; to witlmraw; to 

abolish; to dismias; to revoke ^-Hleroga. 
countless, adj.: — ti tufuiE£:on. 
county, n./ district: — b&rio. 
courage, n.; m e 1 1 1 e: — 6 n i m o; 

atrebinuento. 
courage, v. %.; to have courage: — gii- 

luumo. 
courage, n.; spirit:— coraje. 
courage, v. %.; to take courage: — abiba; 

anima. 
courageous, adj.^ adv.; capable; brave: — 

animoso; mat&t£|^. 
course (of food), n.; dish: — potaje. 
court, n.; tribunal: — ^tribunat. 
court (of a rulerX n.;— cotte; paMsyo. 
cousin, n.; — ^prmio. 
cove, n.; bay; inlet: — ensenada. 
cover, n.: — tampe. 
cover, V. tr.: — cubre; tampe. 
cover, n.; pillowcase: — funda. 
cover, V. tr.; to cover the roof (with 

leaves of the cocoa palm): — afte. 
cover up, v. tr.; to wrap around: — 

tampe. 
cow, n.;— baca. 
crab, n.; — ^pafiglao. 
crack, n.; nseure: — caca. 
crackle (spiking of the bones of a 

joint), V. %.; to titter; to chuckle: — 

chftcft. 
cradle, n.: — cuna. 

crafty, adj., adv.; sly; cunning: — ouco. 
cramp, n.; — calamle. 
cramped, adj.; contracted; tightly 

strung: — apret&o. 
crave, v. tr.; to desire; to wish: — desea; 

taiS^a. 
crawl, v. %.: — cunan&f; bdtsala. 
crawfish (small), n.: — atmft^££^ao. 
cream, n.;— ^ema. 
cream, n.; the rich, oily part of milk 

mantican-leohe. 
crease, nv mark made by folding: 

dobladan-naagago; ^ndobla. 
create, v. tr.; to bear; to bring forth 

naj^yufEgf. 
creation, n.; work: — ^nin&-jfiyul^. 
creator, n.: — ^na^n&Juyuilg. 
creature, n.; work; act; action; deed: — 

fln&tinas. 
credible, adj.; worthy of belief: — ^jofij- 

guiyon. 
creditor, n.: — acr6ed6t. 
creek, n.; small stream: — sadog-dfqui- 

qui. 
creep, v. %.; to move slowlv along the 

ground: — ^b&tsala; cunanaf. 
cnb, n.; child's l)ed; rack or manger: — 

cuna. 
cricket, n.: — griyos. 



cries, n.; lamentations: — ^inigo^. 
crime, n.; sin, guHt: — ^fsao. 
criminal, n.; male^tor: — criminat. 
cripple, V. tr.; to maim: — estropea. 
crocodile, n.;— caam6n. 
cro^et, V. tr.; to do crochet work: — 

guinanchfyo. 
crooked, adj. , adv .; bent ; curved (aUo in- 
clined to do wrong); forbiaden: — 

6cholSg^; ^clau. 
crooked, adj., adv.; winding:— miitftj- 

leg. 
crop, n.;— cosecha (seed: seminya). 
cross, n.; — cvusa; quiltius. 
cross, V. tr.; to cross the legs: — iSj^'d^- 

piUopd; n&-^^gaolt. 
cross, V. tr.; to go past; to pass by: — 

malofan. 
crossbeam, n.; — ^yabe (also kev:yabe). 
crossroads, n.;— y dkSg& dos <uialan. 
crosswise. a<(;.;athwart:'^HSpagat; cms; 

umencrus. 
crotchets, n.; clasps:— cotohetes. 
crouch, V, %.; to sit on the haunches: — 

deja. 
crowbar, n.; lever: — ^bareta. 
crowd (of people), n.; jam; throng: — 

buyadan t6otao. 
crowd together, v. tr.; to compress; to 

stifle; to crush: — chiguet. 
crown, n,: — corona, 
crown of the head, n.; apex; vertex: — 

c&cago^. 
crucifix, n.: — crusiffo. 
crucify, V. tr.: — orusifica. 
crude, adj.; raw; uncultured:— matft. 
cruel, adj., adv.: — cruel, 
cruelty, n.: — cruetd&d. 
cruiser, n.; a fast warship: — crusero. 
crumb of bread: — migaa p&n. 
crumple, v. tr.; to crumple a piece of 

paper: — ^jedo. 
crup^>er, n.; the buttocks of a horse; 

leather tail band: — gurupa. 
crush, v. tr.; to break: — gomgom; 

aplasta. 
crush, V. tr.; to jam; to squash: — aplasta; 

gomgom. M 

crush, V. tr.; to crush with the hand; to 

press down: — ^Jofid. 
crust, n.; skin; rind; husk: — ^lasas. 
crustacean, n.; crayfish; t^rawfish: — 

alim&sag. 
crutch, n.: — ^b&culo. 
cry, V. %.: — ca^sao. 
cry, V. tr.j v. %.; to cry out; to howl (the 

wind); to roar (the bull); to peep (the 

chicks): — cate; agal!$. 
cry, V. I.; to howl (speaking of dogs): — 

t&nguis. 
cucumber, n.: — ^pepino. 
cuff, n.; a blow wim the fist:— dinemo. 
cultivate, v. ir.: — cuttiba. 
cunning, n.; craft; trick; deceit: — 

fin&ba'^a; mdfilL. 
cunning, adj.; deceitful: — cuco. 
cup, n.: — tasa. 



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51 



deadly 



cup, n.; small glass:— copa. 

cupbearer, n.; butler:— oopero. 

curable, adj., adv.: — axutiyon. 

curate, n.: — cura. 

curate of a parish, n.; — ^par6co. 

curb, n.; the rein; bridle: — ^freno. 

curdle, v, %.; to coagulate; to congeal 
(speaking of milk):— ouxnotado 7 
leche. 

curdled milk, n.; — cottado 7 leche. 

curious, adj , , adv.; inquisitive: — 
curioso. 

curl, n.; ringlet of hair: — emulate. 

curlew, n..'^alalal^. 

curl up, V. tr.f v. %.; to roll together; to 
coil up: — ^falulon. 

current, n.; stream: — coriente; milag. 

curse, V. tr.: — ^matdise. 

curse, n.; oath: — desparate; matdiBi6n. 

curtain, n.;— cottina. 

curved, adj., adv.; crooked; bent (also in- 
clined to do wrong); forbidden: — 
echo^. 

cushion, n.; pillow: — alunan. 

custom, n.;— costumbre; p^figu&. 

custodian, n.; caretaker: — encatg&o. 



custom, n.; established usage: — ^pen£^ft 
customar7, adj.^ adv.; usual; ordinary; 

regular : — ^reg^ul&tmente . 
custom house, n.: — aduana. 
customs duties, n.; fees; taxes: — 

derechon aduana. 
cut, n.;— tinftgft. 
cut, n.; joint: — moscas. 
cut, V. tr.y V. %.; to fell; to cut off:— 

utut. 
cut into slices, v. tr.: — debana. 
cut oflP, v. tr.; to break off (the limb of 

a tree): — chef chef, 
cut open, V. tr.; to cut open an animal: — 

chiufig^at. 
cut out, V. tr.; to cut out the inside of 

a coconut, with an instrument: — 

c&ch&. 
cut, V. tr.; to saw; to cut with a saw: — 

chaehag. 
cut, V. tr.; to split: — ^pUpiS^as. 
cut, V. tr.; to cut with one stroke: — gftbe. 
cut, V. tr.; to wound: — sds6. 
cutting, adj.f adv.; sharp; severe; 

pointed; keen:— acftdldog. 
C7linder, n.;— silfndro. 



D. 



dabble, v. tr.; to bungle; to do something 
in a superficial manner: — ^plUttsptts. 

dabbler, n.; bungler:— ehapusero. 

dail7, adj. J adv.; occurring each succeed- 
ing day: — di&rio. 

dail7 wage, n.: — &pas di&rio. 

dail7 work^ n.; task:— chdchd di&rio. 

daint7y a^.; choice; delicious; fastidi- 
ous: — ^fastidioso. 

dair7, n.; place where milk is kept and 
convertea into butter, etc..* — ^Uchera. 

dam, V. tr.; to hold up (the flow of 

waters):— presa. 
•dam, n.; river dam: — ^presa. 

damage, n.; harm; hurt; injury: — daAo. 

damage, v. tr.; to wound; to hurt:- 
danao. 

damp, adj., adv.; moist; humid (pre- 
venting an object from burning): — 
&pagon; fotgon; dmido. 

damsel, n.; a maiden: — sottera. 

dance, v. tr., v. %.: — ^bftila. 

dance, n.: — ^b&ile. 

dandruff, n.; scurf on the scalp: — oaspa. 

dandjy n.; a fop; coxcomb:— ^oidi. 

dandy, v. i.; to play the dandy: — 
umandi. 

danger, n.; risk:— riesgo; peligro. 

dangerous, adj., adv,; perilous:— peli- 
groso. 

dare, v. tr., v. %.; to have courage; to 

• attempt; to defy; to chsdlenge: — gfii- 
&nimo. 

daring, adj,, adv.; rash; wild; bold; 
venturesome : — animoso ; bdtbaro . 

dark, adj., adv.; dusky; destitute of 
light : — ^jomjom. 



darken, v. tr.; to cast a shade upon; to 
overshadow : — ^Jome . 

darkening, n.; twilight; gloaming: — 
lemlem t&otao; j6jomjom. 

darkness, n.: — ^jinemjom. 

dark7, n.; negro:— neglo. 

darling, n.: — quirida. 

dash, V. tr.; to throw violently or hast- 
ily :—gotpi. 

date, n.; the time of a letter or trans- 
action: — fecha. 

date, n.; the fruit of the date-palm: — 
d&tilis. 

daughter, n.: — ija; jaga. 

daughter-in-law, n.; — cufLada. 

dawn, n.;— mach&gch&g c&t&n. 

dawn, V. %.; to begin to grow li^^t: — 



dawn, n.; the first appearance of light in 
the morning: — ^pago m&n&ift. 

da^^, n.; the period of li^t between sun- 
rise and sunset; daylight; sunlight: — 
ja&ne; dfa. 

da7book, n.; rough draft:— borad6t. 

daybreak, n.; morning twilight.' — page 
m&nfin&. 

da7 laborer, n.; helper; also piece (in the 
game of checkers): — pe6n; jotnalero. 

da7 of fasting, n.: — ayuno; dia de 
ayuno. 

dazed, adj.: — maliiSgo y jinaso. 

deacon, n.: — di&cono. 

dead, adj.; destitute of life: — ^m&tai. 

dead, n.; dead body; corpse: — ^m&tai; 
cadabet. 

deadly, adj., adv.; causing death: — 
pegno. 



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deaf, adj.; deprived of hearing: — t&S^a. 

dealer, n.; trader; merchant: — coznetei- 
ante. 

dear, adj., adv.; beloved: — ^ma-goflfe; 
querido. 

dear, adj., adv,; expenaive; costly: — 
guaguan. 

death, n.; hour of death: — finatai. 

death-dealing, adj.; death-bringing: — 
pegnd. 

death penalty, n.: — pena de muette. 

death watch, n.; a vigil beside a dead 
person: — g^Lg^L mlitai; y bumela gui 
m&tai. 

debar, v. tr.; to shut out; to exclude: — 
juchum. 

debate, v. tr.; to deliberate together: — 
agunxento; atgumento. 

debauch, v. tr.; to corrupt; to vitiate: — 
n&-t&ilave. 

debauched, adj., adv.; stupid: — totpe. 

debt, n.; that which is due from one 
person to another: — dibe. 

debtor, n.; sinner: — ^man-iaao; iisao; 
^i-isawS. 

decade, n.; ten consecutive years: — dies 
afioB siguido. 

decay, v. %.; to rot; to decline or fall: — 
Ubnas. 

decease, v. %.; to die: — ^m&tai. 

deceit, n.; fraud; cheating; imposition; 
humbug; trick; cunning: — dinHgue; 
fin^b&ba. 

deceitful, adj.; cunning: — ^fa-f&ilajve. 

deceive, v. tr.; to lie; to speak falsely; to 
cheat (at cards); to impose on; to dupe; 
alio to impair; to do damage to: — 
embostero; d&gue; fanda^e; tesgOe. 

December, n .: — disi6mbre; 
umiya^gan. 

decent, adj., adv.; clean, neat; honor- 
able: — desente; gasgas; honesto; 
modesto. 

deception, n.; fraud: — ^fin&bilbft; linipa. 

decide, v. tr.; to bring to an issue; to re- 
solve: — deside. 

decimal, n.; pertaining to, or based upon, 
the number 10; decimal fraction: — 
desim&t. 

decimate, v. tr.; to destroy a large pro- 
portion of: — desminuye; desminuye 
uno cada dies. 

decision, n.; intention; determination: — 

• dinetetmina; detetminasidn. 

deck, n.: — cubietta. 

declaration, n.; assertion; publication: — 
dinedaraj declarasidn. 

declare, v. i.;— dedara; ma-claruyc. 

declare free, v. tr.; to release; to pro- 
nounce not guilty; to acquit; to ab- 
solve : — absuetbe . 

decline, r. tr., v. i.; to refuse: — reusa. 

decompose, v. %.; to become decomposed; 
to putrefy: — ^llunas. 

decomposed coral, n.; used for road- 
making; is soft when put down, but 
hardens through action of the air and 
of water: — cascajo. 



I decorate, v. tr.; to adorn; to embellish: — 
I adotna. 

' decorate, v. tr.; to put in order: — alifia. 
I decorous, adj., adv.; of proper bearing; 
I decent; agreeable; pleasing: — asent- 

ado; desente. 
I deconmi, n.: — dinesente. 
' decoy, n.; lure; stratagem: — figuran 
I g^i^ para 6codo. 
I decojr, v. tr.; to allure into danger by 

artifice; to lure: — ^pugui. 
decrease, v. i.; to become smaller in 

quantity: — caguan mengua. 
decrease in ^nsion, v. tr.; relax; 

slacken; to unbend; to unharness: — 

afloja. 
decree, n.; sentence; judgment: — de- 

creto; nnaso; jufsio; min^jnalom (or: 

min<^jnaium). 
decree, t?. ^.; to prescribe; to ordain; to 

dispose : — decreta. 
deduct, v. tr.; to take away: — ^n&-suja. 
deed, n.; creature; work; act; action: — 

fln&tinas. 
deed of charity, n.;— benefisio. 
deep, adj., adv.; large; below the sur- 
face: — ^modu£g; taduisg. 
deep-eyed, adj., adv.: — motgan. 
deepen, v. tr.: — l&-gu&dog. 
deep water, n.;--s&jago; tadu^ na 

janum. 
deer, n.;— 4>inado. 
deface, v. tr.; to mar the surface of; to 

disfigure : — disfigura. 
defamation, n.; slander; bad words; as- 
persion: — (xhisme; in&d&. 
defame, v. tr.; to bring disgrace upon: — 

deshonra; ^tso. 
defame, v. tr.; to injure the good name 

of; to dishonor: — deshonra; fatso, 
defeat, v. tr.; to overcome or vanqiush: — 

eana; dtilala^. 
defect, n. ,*deficiency ; want:— chinattao. * 
defect, n.; sore; wound; abscess: — 

ohetnot; defecto. 
defend, v. ir.; to guard or protect: — 

defiende. 
defender, n.; protector; guardian: — 

defens6t; didenende; gufgogQe. 
defer, v .tr.; to postpone: — ^n£-&bmam.. 
defense, n.; the act of defending; pro- 
tection; vindication: — defidnde; dini- 

fi^nde. 
defense, n.; shelter: — defidnde; sinague 

fan lijt^n. 
deficiency, n.; defect; want; lack: — 

chin&ttao; defecto; escas^; fdtta. 
defile, n.; low giound; low country: — 

fin&gu&gsalit; guigsald; gu^gaedil; 

also natata na pasaje maiot. 
defile: n.; narrow pass:— f&^salug; 

fin&' salug; mafot 
define, v. tr.; to describe: — esplfca; 

pul&. 
definition, n.; brief description: — 

definisi6n; pinflft. 
deform, v. tr.; to disfigure; to distort; 

to deface: — disfigura; nft-ch^tpago. 



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deserve 



defraud, t;. tr,; to cheat; to deprive of 

something:— f&ba'l>&. 
defy, V, tr.; to challenge; to resist openly: 

— gfii &nixno. 
degenerate, v. i.; to deteriorate: — 

btunababa. 
degrade, v. tr.; to lower physically or 

morally; to tone down: — g^tduna; 

yutl pip&. 
deject, V. tr.; to depress the spirits of; 

to dishearten: — disanfxna. 
delected, adj.; depressed; gloomy: — 

dinesanima. 
dejectedness, n.; depression of spirits: — 

rineuea. 
delay, v. tr.: to postpone; to stay; to 

stop : — ^in-&binain. 
delayed, adj.; come too late; risen too 

late (out of bed): — hWfkn., 
ilelegate, n.; representative: — asis- 

tente; repreeentatlbo. 
deliberate, v. tr.; to ponder; to weigh 

in the mind: — considera. 
delicacy, n./ grace; sensitiveness; refine- 
ment : — gTaaioso. 
delicate, adj.^ adv.; admirable; Uvely; 

vivacious; elegant: — airoso. 
delicious, adj.y adv.; exquisite; highly 

pleasing to the senses, taste, or mind: — 

deliaioso; mannj^ui. 
delight, V. tr.; to please; to give pleasure 

to; to appease:— n&-nx&gof; nft-man- 

man; n&-tatnon. 
delijght, n.; enjoyment: — ^nftxnagof; 

mindmanman. 
delighted, adj.^ adv.; joyous; merry; 

gay; Satisfied; cheerful:— -dibettldo. 
delightful, aaj.y adv.: — n&-maninan; 

nft-miigof. 
deUrium (in fever), n.; aberration of 

the mind: — ^JinHson atmari&o. 
deliver, v. tr.; to set free; to save: — 

nft-jimau; n&-llbre. 
deliver, v. tr.; to deliver a woman of 

child: — fafi&go; ma-fi^go. 
delivery, n.; the act of delivering: — 

Jina^nau; inentr^ga; min&jdyofig. 
delivery, n.; draft; duty; tax: — catg^; 

impuesto; todo; tribute. 
deluge, n.; inundation: — diltibio. 
delumon, n.; imposition: — ^fatso; 

in^bdg. 
demand, v. tr.; to ask in a peremptory 

manner : — dem&nda. 
demented, adj.; insane: — atmari&o; 

caduco. 
democracy, n.; government by the 

people; political or social equality: — 

gobi^tnon t&otao. 
demolish, v. tr.; to ruin; to destroy: — 

descMe. 
demolition, n.; destruction: — ^mina- 

yula£|^. 
demon, n.; evil spirit; devil: — demonio; 

mag^anfti. 
demonstrate, v. tr.; to evince; to prove; 

to show: — ^fftntie. 



demonstration, n.; act of demonstrat- 
ing: — ^prueba. 
demoralize, v. tr.; to corrupt; to throw 

into confusion: — ^n&-atborot&o; yti- 

lang. 
demur, v. <r.; retort; to oppose; to object; 

to put in by way of reply: — ^&gua- 

guate. 
demure, adj.^ adv.; grave; sober; decor- 
ous; proper in behavior: — g&i-ma- 

m&jlao; fotmat. 
denial, n. ,Tefusal; contradiction: — ^rin- 

etisa; contradicsidn. 
denominate, v. tr.; to name; to call: — 

f&n&to; n&.f&nft&n. 
denounce, v. tr.; to censure; to condemn; 

to disapprove; to reprove: — desa- 

prueba. 
dense, adj.^ adv.; difficult; entangled: — 

gadon. 
deny, v. tr.; to declare to be imtrue: — 

pune. 
depart, v. i.; to move; to walk; to leave: — 

famocat; umadisapatta; sumtija. 
departure, n.: — jin^^nau; pattida. 
departure, n.; sailing: — jinft^'nau; 

salida. 
depend, v. %.; to rely for support; to 

trust : — ali^oco . 
deplorable, adi^^ adv.; sad; calamitous; 

grievous: — triste. 
depopulate, v. tr.; to deprive of in- 
habitants; to devastate; to lay waste: — 

&mot; n&-tai-tdotao. 
depose, v. tr.; to deprive of office: — 

amot; n&-ma-tdjgOe. 
deposit, V. tr.; to put into the bank: — 

deposita. 
depot, n.; a warehouse: — dep6sito. 
depravation, n.; deterioration: — nk- 

t&ilaye. 
deprecate, v. tr.; to censure; to dis- 
dain : — despr6sia. 
depressed, adj.; dejected; oppressed: — 

inadite; mofifio; ma-jon6; ma-n&- 

penfte. 
depression, n.; low spirits: — tin&gpHp&; 

trinfste. 
deprivation, n.; the act of taking away; 

loss: — flTialfff&o; inamot. 
depth, n.;— tiiSUiofig. 
deride, v. tr., v. %.; to insult; to mock: — 

16tgue; casi; insutta. 
derision, n.; scorn: — mofa; minefea. 
descend, v. %.; to pass from a higher to 

a lower position: — tumunog. 
describe, v. tr.; to narrate; to set forth: — 

sangan. 
desecrate, v. tr.; to profane: — n&-lache; 

na-rpiacha. 

desert, n.: — desi6tto. 

desert, v. tr.; to abandon; to leave; to 

quit; to leave behind; to forsake: — 

dilSgo; depampdra. 
deserve, v. tr.; to earn by service; to 

be justly entitled to; to merit: — 

merese; bale (gui setblsio). 



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difestiMi 



deservinsr, adj.; worthy: — ^manmerese. 

de«is:ii» V. tr.; to direct; to order; to 
appoint; to determine ; to fix : — destina. 

designate, v. tr.; to direct; to deter- 
mine:— f&ntki. 

desigiied, adj.f adv.; intentional; pre- 
meditated :— adrede. 

desire, n.; inclination; appetite: — eanas 

desire, n.; greediness; luat: — ft^lam. 

desire, i;. tr,: to want:— desea; miUagd. 

desirous, adi.^ adv.: — deseoso. 

desolate, adj.: deprived of inhabitants; 
abandoned; laid waste >~ma-disocapa; 
ma-lsLdiai taotdofia. 

desolation, n.; destruction; ruin: af- 
fliction; misery:— disocup&o; yinflang; 
mis^ria. 

despair, v. i.: to abandon all hope: — 
ti nian-a££^oco. 

desperate, adj^t adv.; hopeless: — des- 
esper&o. 

despicable, adj., adv.: pitiful; miser- 
able:— ch&tsaga; n&-m&66. 

despise, v. tr.: to slander: — ch6t- 
guafya; fdich&nfig; ma-fa-jfyufig 
chaUfi. 

despiser, n.; contemner: — ^f&-faichftnftg; 
na-chatgiiiaiya; chd-chatlil. 

dessert, n.; fruits or sweets: — golosina; 
postre. 

destiny, n.; fate: — destine. 

destitute, adj.: poor; penniless: — n&- 
mftsd; t^y&. 

destitute of brilliancy or of lustre, 
adj.: not showy; unpretending: — ofi- 
ehajlSg^. 

destitute of reason, adj.: — taitini£go. 

destroy, v. tr.: to break:— yulaffl. 

destroy, v. tr.: to consume; to devour; 
to wipe out: — ^na-m&fnas. 

destroy, v. tr.; to demolish; to ruin:— 
desase. 

destroy, v. tr.: to squander :—n&- 
fali£go. 

detach, v. tr.: to disconnect :—n&- 
j&nau. 

detailed, adj., adv.: copious; complete: — 
guef-ma-esplfca. 

detain, v. tr.: to hold up; to keep back: — 
deti6ne; nlUatras&o. 

detect, V. tr.: to discover; to bring to 
light; to expose: — sod&. 

determine, v. tr.: to designate; to 
direct:— destina; detetmina. 

determination, n.; decision; inten- 
tion: — dinetetmina; detetminaaiiSn. 

detest, V. tr.: — chatlfi. 

detestable, adj., adv.: execrable; abom- 
inable: — gof chatlilyon; ingulnon. 

detrimental, adj., adv.: injurious; hurt- 
ful v-daAoso. 

devastate, v. tr.: to ruin; to desolate; 
to lay waste; also to consume; to 
devour: — ^ma-destrdsa; ardea. 

devastation (caused by a storm), n.: — 
yinflang. 



develop, v. tr.: to unfold; to put in 

use:— babJi. 
devil, n.: — di&blo; mdgfiganfti. 
devise, v. tr.: to find out: to invent: — 

nft-jtiyolSg; inbenta; soa&. 
devote, v. tr.: to apply (one's self) to 

some object: — aplica. 
devoted, adj.: understanding: — aplic4o; 

confotme. 
devotion, n.; piety:— debosi6n; dine- 

boto. 
devour, v. tr.: to eat ravenously: — 

ttiehd. 
devout, adj., adv.: true; believing: — 

deboto; jofii;gue. 
dexterity, n.; manual skill: — ^n&yi. 
dialect, n.: idiom; the peculiar manner 

in which a language is spoken in a 

district: — dial6cto. 
diameter, n.: — di&metro; in&nchon y 

citculo. 
diamond, n.; — diamante, 
diarrhea (not dysentery), n.; — quini- 

lag. 
dice, n.: — d&dos. 
dictate, v. x.: to prescribe: — dicta; 

safij^e. 
dictate, v. tr.: to express orally words to 

be taken dovm in writing: — dicta, 
dictionary, n.; vocabulary: — dioaion- 

Irio. 
die, V. i.;— mitai. 
die, V. X.: to die of hunger; to die of 

starvation : — mAtai-fMaiE^. 
diet, n.; abstinence; continence j tem- 
perance: — diet; abstinensia; chinemft; 

chom&. 
differ, v. L: to be dissimilar; to dis- 

tt^ree : — tipar6 jo . 
dinerence, n.;— difer6nsia. 
different, adj.: diverse; various: — difer- 

entes; distinto; t&iachalgua; ti imiHy^. 
different, adj., adv.: rare; distinguished; 

excellent : — sa j£g:ue . 
difficult, adj., adv.: entangled; close: — 

gadon. 
difficult, adj.: hard to accomplish: — 

ml^ot. 
difficult, adj., adv.: heavy: — mjic&t. 
difficult, adj., adv.: perilous; dangerous: — 

pelfgro. 
difficulty, n.;— min&pot; dificutt^. 
difficulty, n.: vexation; chagrin; indig- 
nation; quarrel; obstacle: — disgusto. 
diffidence, n.; lack of self-reliance: — ^t4i 

ina^gocon m4isa; desconfi&nsa. 
diffuse, V. tr.: to scatter; to disseminate: — 

chalapun. 
diffused, adj.: disseminated; spread; 

scattered : — ma-chalapun. 
dig, V. i.; to scratch (hens): — guadog. 
dig in, V. tr.: to intrench: — graba. 
digest, V. tr.: to dissolve in the stomach 

by the action of the digestive juices: — 

ar6gla; dij6re; dij^ri. 
dieestion, n.; assimilation: — inaregla; 

dinij^re; dinij^ri. 



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dispieatore 



dignity, n.; office:— p6c&; cdtgo; dina^- 
culo. 

diligence, n.; application; utilization: — 
aplica8i6n; esmero. 

dili^nt, adj., adv.: laborious; indus- 
trious : — ^budn-much&cho. 

diminish, v. tr.: to make smaller; to re- 
duce :— nAlft-diquiqui. 

din, n.; deafening noise; crash; confusion; 
tumult; turmoil: — ^yinauyau. 

dine, v. %.; to eat flie midday meal: — 
n&-tal6&ne. 

dinner, n.; the chief meal of the day: — 
n&-tal6&ne. 

diplomat, n.; — diplom&tico. 

direct, adj.; straight (not circuitous); 
open; plain: — der6cto; tdnas. 

direct, v. tr,; to order; to designate; to 
conclude; to determine: — destina; de- 
tetmina; dirije; n^-jdnao. 

direct, v. tr.; to manage; to regulate; to 
lead; to guide: — dirije. 

direction, n; guidance; relative posi- 
tion: — direcai6n; y dinerfje; r limbo. 

direction, n.; condition; measure; rule; 
disposition :— diBpoBi8i6n. 

directly, adv.: — enseguidas. 

dirt, n.; mud; dung: — od&; fech^; taoud. 

dirt (on the head), n.; filth; smut; mua: — 

ftco^g:. 

dirty, adj., adv.; filthy:— &pl&ch&. 

dirty, v. tr.; to soil:— n&-apl&olUt. 

dirtv, adj., adv.; soiled; impure; foul: — 
g&i-fac^d; nH-dsgon. 

dlMtbility, n.; incapacitjr: — tin&i sdtbi. 

disable, v. tr.; to disqualify; to incapaci- 
tate :— n&-t&isetbi. 

disaeree, v. tr.; to contradict; to quarrel; 
to dispute; to struggle: — &guaguat; ti- 
u-mi-dandie. 

disagreeable, adj,, adv.; hateful; repug- 
nant : — chft^ tp&go . 

disappear, v. %.; to pass away; to van- 
ish: — m&lf£go. 

disappoint, v. tr.; to thwart or frustrate 
the nopes of: — ti m&gof; disgtista. 

disappointment, n.; defeat or failure of 
expectations: — tin&i minHgof; dis- 
gdsta. 

disarm, v. tr.; to deprive of arms; to sub- 
due: — disatma; na-t^-dtmas. 

disapprove, v. tr.; to reprove; to de- 
nounce; to censure; to condemn: — 
desaprueba. 

disaster, n.; mishap; misfortune; ca- 
lamity : — desgrasia. 

disastrous, adj.; unfortunate; un- 
happy: — desdich&o; desgrasi^o. 

disband, v. tr.; to dismiss; to discharge: — 
despacha. 

discard, v. tr.: — ^y6gaa. 

discharge, v. tr.; to disband; to dis- 
miss: — despacha; despide. 

discharge, v. tr.; to discharge a debt; to 
pay for; to clear; to satisfy; to pay 
out: — abona. 

discharge, v. tr.; to unload: — descatga. 



discipline, n.; education; military regu- 
lation :— -dedsiplina. 

disclaim, v. tr.; disavow. — pune. 

disclose, v. tr,; to reveal; to make plain or 
evident; to discover: — discubre. 

disclosure, n.; discovery; uncovering: — 
discubre. 

discontented, adj., adv.; envious: — 
ti contento. 

discourage, v. tr.; to dishearten: — 
ti animoso. 

discourse, n.; speech or language; con- 
versation: — conbetsasidn; s^tmon. 

discover, v. tr.; to put forward; to dis- 
close; to reveal; to make plain or evi- 
dent: — discubre; p6ntan. 

discriminate, v. tr.; to distinguish: — 
disting^gue. 

disdain, v. tr.; to censure; to deprecate: — 
despresia; inj^en; ifi^uin. 

disdain, v. tr.; to despise: — ^f&ioh&nag. 

disdain, n.; scorn; c o n t e m p t: — 
despresio. 

disembark, v. tr.: — desembatca. 

disfigure, v, tr.; to deform; to distort; 
to deface:— desfiffura; nft-chatpftgo. 

disfigured, adj.: — desfigurado. 

disgrace, n.; shame; dishonor: — di- 
neshonra. 

disgraceful, adj., adv.; dissolute: — 
despresiable; totpe. 

disgust, V. tr.; to onend the moral sense 
of: — disgust&o; ti mftgof. 

disgust, n.; strcmg aversion; repug- 
nance : — disgCisto. 

disgusting, Mj., adv.; nauseous; loath- 
some : — asqueroso. 

dish, n.; platter: — ^n&yan; plato. 

dishonor, v, tr.; to disgrace:— di- 
neshonra. 

disinherit^ v. tr.: — deshereda; umot 
y her^nsia. 

disinterested, adj., adv.; unselfish:— 
desinteres&o. 

dislocated, adj.; lame; twisted: — &ca- 
lefl^; aplifig. 

dismiss, v. tr.; to revoke; to withdraw: — 
deroga; despacha. 

disorder, n.; uprising :--desareeUU). 

disorderly, adj.; irregular; confused: — 
calao; ^idon. 

dispensation, n.; exculpation; also 
storage room or pantry:— dispensa. 

dispense with, v. tr., v. i.; to spare; 
to do without: — tumayft. 

disperse, v. tr.; to strew asunder; to 
scatter apart; to dispel: — ohalapun. 

displace, v. tr.; to put out of place: — 
i^-stija gui s&gaila. 

displacement, n.; substitution: — ^n&- 
suja gui s&ga. 

display, v, tr.; to boast; to expose to 
view; to exhibit: — tVitSi. 

displeasing, adj., adv.; offensive; shock- 
ing: — chocante. 

displeasure, n.: — alansa. 



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dispoae, v. tr., v. %.; to arrange; to order; 

to prepare; to make ready:— -dispone, 
dispose, V. tr.; to decree; to prescrioe; to 

ordain : — deoreta. 
disposition, n.; direction; condition: — 

disposision. 
dispute, V. tr.; to quarrel; to contradict; 

to be at variance; to disagree; to 

struggle: — ^g^uag^uat. 
dispute, n.; matter of dispute; ques- 
tion: — cuesti6n. 
dissemble, v. tr.; to feign; to hide; to 

conceal; to keen secret: — disimula. 
dissembler, n.; hypocrite:— <ado ma- 

ni&-matUee; jipdcrita. 
dissolute, adj.y adv.; licentious; roving 

wildly:— -desaregl&o; sa^ggano. 
dissolvable, adj., adv.; soluble: — 

diritfyon. 
dissolve, v. L; to melt; to fuse: — dirite. 
distance (between two places), n.: — 

dist&nsia; ind-ch^d. 
distant, adj., adv.; far; far off: — ch&gO. 
distaste, n.; aversion of the palate; 

dislike; disinclination: — tim&niS^ul. 
distasteful, adj.; unpleasant to the 

taste : — tfjiminftntigul. 
distil. V. tr.: — estUa. 
distillation, n.; vessel for distillation; 

alembic: — ^fanestilayan; estila. 
distilled water, n.; — ^janom enestila; 

also: janum enestila. 
distilling plant (water), n.;— fanesti- 

lavan. 
distinct, adj., adv.; separate; different; 

clear; plain: — distingue, 
distinguish, v. %.; to distinguish one's 

self: — ^fan-igue. 
• distinfifuish, v. tr.; to discriminate: — 

distmg:gue. 
distinguished, adj., adv.; famous: — 

distuigguido. 
distort, v. tr.; to deface; to deform; to 

disfigure: — ^n&-asd; n&-ch^tp£^o. 
distract^ v. tr.; to perplex; to confuse; 

to bewilder: — eehung: 
distracted, adj., adv.; absent-minded: — 

distraido. 
distressed, adj., adv.; anxious; scru- 
pulous: — escrupuloso. 
distressed, adj.; depressed; op- 
pressed : — ^inculite. 
distribute, v. tr.; to allot; to deal out or 

divide; to apportion: — ^repatte. 
district, n.; territorial division; region 

or tract of country: — distrito. 
district (of a village), n.: — ^barangai. 
district overseer, n.; head of the dis- 
trict:— cabesa de bcurailgaf. 
distrust, V. tr.; to doubt; to suspect: — ti 

m&ang^oco. 
distrust, n.; want of confidence; want of 

faith or reliance: — sospechoso. 
distrustful, adj., adv.; suspicious: — 

sospechoso; josguan. 
distrustful person, n.:—ji josguan. 



disunite, v. tr.: to set at variance; to 

render mutually hostile: — ^n&-atar- 

ant&o; trast6tna; yalac4; y^dl. 
disunited, adj.; at variance: — apliiS^. 
ditch, n.: trench; moat: — guinadog; 

sanj&. 
dive, V. I.; — ^liof. 
diver, n.; — ^busero. 
divers, adj.; various; sundry: — difer- 

entes. 
diversion, n.; variation; pastime:— 

dibetsi6n. 
divest, v. tr,; to despoil; to make base:— 

nft-t&ilaye. 
divide, v. tr.; to separate; to cut into 

parts: — dibide; desapatta; pagfij^as; 

patte. 
divide, v. tr.; to share; to participate: — 

f&cai. 
divide off, v. tr.; to hold back: — chofe. 
divine, v. %.; to guess: — aconseja. 
diviner, n.; fortune teller: — dibino. 
divisible, adj., adv.; partible: — dibi- 

diyon. 
division, n.; separation; difference: — 

separasi6n. 
divi^on, n.; partition: — dibisi6n; fln&- 

cai; ma-fdcai. 
divorce, n.; dissolution of marriage by 

l^:al authority: — dinibtitsia; yinitl. 
divorce, v. Ir.; to dissolve maniage con- 
tract by l^al authority: — debtitsia; 

um&yutt. 
divulge, v. tr.; to disclose: — ^poblica. 
divulged, p. p.; diffused; spread abroad 

(rumors, etc.): — nft-mattifijo; ma- 

chalejgud. 
dizziness, n.; vortigo; giddiness: — in- 

fttmari&o. 
dizzy, adj.f adv.; giddy: — timagof t§- 

taotao. 
do, V. tr.; to build; to mold:— f&tinas. 
docile, adj.; easy to teach; tractable; 

easily managed: — ^f&n&guiyon. 
dock, n.; quay; pier: — ^pantal&n. 
doctor, n.; physician; surgeon: — ^m6dico. 
dog, n.: — g&l&go (animal from the 

north). 
doll, n.;— muHfica. 
domestic, adj.; private; homemade: — 

tras^bBgum&. 
domicile, n.; residence; home: — ^resi- 

d^nsia. 
dominate, v. tr.; to reign over; to rule: — 

g6je; domina. 
do notl (the latin: noli): — chUmol 
donate, v. tr.; to turn over: — ^n&e. 
donation, n.; gift: — ^nin&e. 
done, adj.; completed: — esta mon- 

jayan. 
door, n.: — ^potta. 
dose, n.; quantity of medicine to be 

taken at one time: — tumada. 
dot, n.; small point or speck: — ^punto. 
double, adj.f adv.; two-fold; two of a 

sort:— doble; also written dobble. 



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dutiable 



doubt, n.; uncertainty of mind: — duda; 
jinecura; jecuft. 

doubt, V, %.; to question; to hesitate: — 
duda. 

doubtful, arf/., adv.; dubious; question- 
able; undecided; undetermined: — 
dudoao; jumecu^; jum^iecu&. 

dough (flour), n.; — yin&ck (pan). 

dove, n.; pigjeon: — paluma. 

dove, n.; ringdove: — ounau; paluman 
ctlnau (also: cunao). 

dower, n.:— dote. 

down, n.; soft feathers; hair: — m&flafift 
na ptilo. 

downward, adv.; toward the ground: — 
para p&p&. 

draft, n.; sketch; outline; drawing: — 
pinenta. 

drag, V. tr.; to haul; to tug: — jala. 

dragnet, n.: — chinchulo. 

drain, n.; drainage: — canat. 

drake, n.; kite: — ^papalote. 

draw, V. tr.; to sketcn; to draft: — ^penta. 

draw a parallel between, v. tr.; to com- 
pare : — acompara. 

draw down, v. tr.; to pull down; to take 
down; to snatch down:-— chapag. 

draw nearer, v. %.; to approach : — chijit; 
jumijot. 

draw nigh, v. %.; to approach; to bring 
one's self near: — arima. 

draw off, v. tr.; to withdraw:— descu- 
enta. 

draw out, v. tr.; to pull out: — ^lagnos; 
gosne. 

draw through, v. tr.: — ensatta. 

drawers, n.; — catsonsiyos. 

drawing, n.; sketch; plan: — dibujo. 

dread, n.; terror; reverential awe: — 
nft-maftfiao. 

dread, u. tr.; to fear greatly; to ven- 
erate : — ^nft-maftfiao. 

dreadful, adj,y adv.; impressive; horri- 
ble : — gof-xift-nia&fLao. 

dream, n.; — gttinlfe. 

dream, v. fr., v. %.; to fancy: — gUife. 

dreamer, n.;— gtiigUif ej y man-g(ifgttife. 

dredge, m.: — cfieya. 

dredee, v. tr.; to clean out and deepen 
with a dredge: — dreya. 

dress, n.; cloth; material: — ^bestido; 
magago. 

dress, v. tr.; to get dressed; so drese one 
self: — ^beate; 



dressed up, adi.; dolled up (referring to 

women) :--dhicherico; mamuda. 
drill, n.; borer: — barena. 
drill (upright, run by power, to drill 

metals), n.; — ^broca. 
drill (of soldiers), v. tr.: — ejetsfsio. 
drink, v. tr.y v. i.: — guimen; guinem. 
drink, v. It.; to drink out of a bottle or 

^ass: — ^boyuff. 
drinkable, ocy.; potable: — fan-guimi- 

nan; fan-guiniman; guimlnon. 
drinker, n.; — guegxnen. 
drip, V. t.;^t6Jej t6j6. 



drive, v. tr.; to impel forward by force; 

to propel: — ^nft-l&eust; sugun. 
drive, v. tr.; to <mve in a wedgei — 

cufla. 
drive away, v. tr.; to disperse: — dtU&- 

lag. 
drive back, v. tr.; to beat off; to repel: — 

rempuja. 
drive back, v. tr.; to repulse; to shake 

off; to cast off: — ohanda. 
drive forward (speaking of the sea, 

driven forward under action of the 

wind), V. tr.; to blow (the wind); to 

blow away: — inj&B&, 
drive on, v. tr.; to push along: — epog. . 
drive out, v. tr.; to expel; to exile; to 

banish:— destilado; ddlulag. 
drop, n. fall; throw:— podolSg; yuti. 
drop, V. %.; to fall in drops: — gota. 
drown, v. i.: — ^matmos; fidgndg. 
drowned, adj.; sunken: — ^matmos. 
drudge, v. %.; to labor hard: — ^machdchd 

duro. 
drug, n.; medicine: — amot. 
drum, n.: — tambot. 
drunk, adj., adv.; intoxicated: — ^bol^ho. 
drunkard, n.; tippler: — ^bolach6ro; 

b^l&cho. 
drunk, adj.; seasick; in a stupor from 

smoking opium: — ^bol&cho. 
dry, adj., adv.; arid; barren; destitute 

of moisture: — a^ld; dogngos. 
dry, adj., adv.; wilted (leaves); trou- 
bled : — malay o. 
dry season, n.; — ^fafiomn&gan; somnag. 
drying space, n.: — ^fan aj^liian. 
di^ up, V. %.; to become wrinkled: — 

Jeddo; ma-jMdo. 
dubious, adj., adv.; questionable: un- 

dicided ; undetermined ; doub tiul : — 

dudoso. 
duck, V. X.; to humble one*8 self: — 

fLejo£^. 
due, ay.; owed or owing; payable: — 

dibe. 
dull, adj., adv.; stupid; foolish; silly; 

simple: — ala£g&; baba; lang&; l&ng&t; 

totpe. 
dull, adj., adv.; without a cutting edge or 

point: — ^fiafid; maj^foiig. 
dumb, adj., adv.; mute; silent; speech- 
less: — ddo. 
dungheap, n.: — taqu6-gftg&. 
dung pit, n.; — ^fanyutiyan; yiitl. 
dupe, n.; one easily tncked; credulous 

person: — ^la^&. 
durable, adj., adv.: — m&og; masiso. 
duration, n.; endurance; continua- 
tion: — dinira; minaog. 
during, prep,; while; when (time): — 

toai; aurante. 
dusky, adj., adv.; dark: — jomjom. 
dust, n.; soot; haze: — asgon; potbos. 
dust, n.: — ^potbos. 
dust comer, n.: — ^failud4an; chud&. 
dutiable, adj.; subject to duty: — adu- 

anayon. 



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58 



duties, n.; fees; customs duties; taxes: — 

derechoB. 
duty, n.; tax; delivery: — tributo todo; 

impu^to; catga. 
dwarf, n.; human being much below 

the averaoje height: — nano. 
dwell, V. tr.; to reside; to inhabit: — 

saga, 
dye, V. tr.: to stain; to color: — ttunu. 
dye, V. tr.: to tan (leather): — ^tuxno. 
dying, adj.y adv.: very sick:— chatgulya. 



dyine, v. i.: to be dying; to be deathly 

sick: — ohflflig. 
dynamo, electric, n.; — dinamo elfic- 

trlca; m^quinan el6ctrica. 
dysentery, n.; — masinig Jagft; jin&g&. 
dyspepsia, n.; indigestion: — oh6tnot 

estdmago. 
dyspeptic, n.; person afflicted with 

dyspepsia: — ^ytaotao ni g&i-ch6tnot 

estomagHfia. 



E. 



eager, adj., adv.; zealous; ardent: — 

einpe£L6o; empen6so. 
eagerness, n.; zeal: — empefio. 
eagle, n.: — &guila. 
ear, n.;— taUGsg^a. 
ear of com, n.: — ^mas6tca. * 
ear, n.; handle; hook; ring: — dflili£g^. 
earlier, adj., adv.: sooner* prior: — 

gusdfia; mdna; mdnafLa; taftama. 
early, adj.: unripo: — magft; taftaf. 
earn, v. tr.: to acquire; to procure by 

effort: — ^faichdchtie; gana; s6d&. 
earn, v. tr.: to gain; to win; to defeat: — 

gana; julat; afldo. 
earnest, adj., arfv.; grave; serious; sedate; 

sober: — ^fotzn&t. 
earrings, n.; ear pendants:— alitos. 
earth, n.; ground: — odft. 
earthenware, n.: — ^n&yan fachd. 
earthly, adj.: worldly: — od&. 
earthquake, n.;— Unao. 
ease, n.; leisure; freedom from occupa- 
tion:— dinescansa; tdichdchd. 
easing, n.; relief; mitigation; allevia- 
tion: — desc&nso; majgong. 
east, n.; — c&tan. 
easter, n.; festival of the Christian 

Church pertaining to the resurrection 
f Jesus Christ:— p&sgua. 
easy, adj.: not dimcult: — ti mapot. 
eat, V. tr., v. i.;— oan6; chocho. 
eat immoderately, v. tr., v. %.: to 

consume large quantities of food: — 

chumocho d&flog: dafl6g{le. 
eaten away: gnawed at: — quinatne. 
ebb, reflex of uie tide: — ^mftte (y taai). 
ebony, n.; — ^matfit. 
eclipse (of the moon), n.;— quenanO 

quilfo; quilis ptilan 
eclipse (of the sun), n..* — quilis &tdau; 

qufniliB dtdau. 
echo, n.; repetition of sound caused by 

reflection : — opan. 
edge, n.;— canto. 

edge, n./ cutting edge (of a knife): — ^fllo. 
edge, n.; ledge of wood: — 16st6n. 
edge (table edge), n.; rim; border: — 

canto, 
edeing, n.; border:— galon; sinta. 
edible, adj.: fit to be eaten as food: — 

canuon; mH'^milc&nd. 
edict, n.; public proclamation; decree: — 

bando. 



edify, v. tr.: — ^n&e y m *d ti 1 e g na 

ejemplo; mam& giifm&; fftn&^gile nt 

madleg. 
educate, v. tr.: to impart knowledge: — 

educa; flLnlL^gtie; n4 ^yag. 
education, n.; — educa8i6n; fln&n&gtte; 

in-^yag. 
effect, n.; consequence; result: — ^jlni- 

yong. 
effective, adj.: efficient: — actibo; na- 

jong; man j?ilat. 
efficiency, n.; effectual agency: — jinilat; 

najong; ninAsfiia. 
efficient, adj.: powerful: — ^mi- Jinilat; 

mi-ninasffia. 
effort, n.; attempt: — ^mamaichdchd. 
eggy n.;— chadA. 
eggplant^ n.: — ^berefSgJenas. 
ei^t, cm/;.;— 6cho. 
eighth, adj.: — ^minft 6cho. 
eighty, aaj. :—och6nttL, 
either (one or the other), adj.: — guaf- 

ichongj&; pat. 

either or^ , conj.: — ^pat — -pat. 

ejaculate, v. tr.: to utter suddenly: — 

la^gsisL 
elaborate, adj.: complicated; highly fin- 

i^ed: — g[u6f machague. 
elastic, adj.: rebounding: — ^Jal&yon yan 

Jedtiyon. 
elate, v. tr.: to raise the spirits of: — 

anizna; choneg; suon. 
elbow, n.; yard (measure): — code; pdtio; 

sftio; tomon canai. 
elect, V. tr.: to name; to appoint: — 

eHJe; f&n^n; nombra; sd^n; ftyeg. 
election, n.: — ^botasi6n. 
electric dynamo, n.: — dinamo elec- 

trisid&. 
electric light, n.; — lus el6ctrica. 
electric Sght plant, n.: — ^fabrfcan 

c&nded electriaid&. 
electric motor, n.; — motor electrisid&. 
elegant, adj., adv.: foppish; affected: — 

bonfto; ti-ta-chdchft. 
eleven, adj.: — onse. 
eligible, adj.: legally qualified: — ^nom- 

brayon. 
elocution, n.; art; manner or style of 

speaking; delivery: — ^inade^Span. 
elope, V. I.: to run away: — ^um&saguan 

malago. 
embalm, v. tr.: — ^ma embatsama. 



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entrance 



embank, v. tr.; to protect by a bank: — 
baricada. 

embark, v. tr..'*— embatca; maddae gui 
eajyan. 

embazraM, v. tr,; to perplex; to dis- 
tresB:— nft-^difttjinaso. 

embelliflh, v. tr.; to make beautiful:— 
nft-g6tbo. 

embitter, v. tr.; to incite; to stir up; to 
insult: — ^n&-lftyd; nft-t^njos. 

exnboss, v. tr.; to confound; to tire; to 
bore: — ^n&-d6gae; nft-69on; nft-t^njos. 

exnbrace, v. tr.; to take into one's arms: — 
togtoff. 

embroider, v, tr.; to stitch:— b6tda. 

embroidery, n.; lacee:— eno&;|e8. 

emergency, n.; sudden necessity: strait; 
crisis: — dajS£^ulo na neeesida. 

emigrant, n.; one who quits his own 
country to aettle in another: — es- 
tranjero; t^tao nt ju man^o gui 
tandna psura u saga gui otro tand. 

emigrate, v. %.: — jnmanao para otro 
tand. 

emolument, n.; profit; remuneration: — 
gananaia; remunera8i6n. 

emotion, n.; — siniente. 

emperor, n.: — emperad6t. 

empire, n.; realm; state:— imp6rio. 

employ, v. fr.;— emplea; n&-gai-ch^hd. 

employ reason, v. tr.;— g&i lin&so. 

empt^, adj., adv.; vacant within; hollow; 
void:— baaio; gOeco; tii-siniijguan. 

emulate, v. %.; to contend:— qu6 Igae. 

enable, v. tr.; to make able:— para u 
silLa. 

enamel, n.; lacquer; paint:— pintora. 

enamored, adj.; m love:— amor&o; 
enamor^o. 

enclose, v. tr.; to incase; to frame: — 
encaja; engatsa; jdchom. 

encompass, v. tr.; to border; to en- 
close:— exigatsa; oriydye. 

encounter, v. tr.; to come upon sudden- 
ly : — ^om&tagotig^. 

encourage, v. tr,; to inspire: — anima; 
abiba; nA-bal^nte. 

encouragement, n.; — ^binalente; 
in&biba; min&t&tfiga. 

end, n.; — ^finUgpd; dttimo. 

end, n.; border: — chfn. 

end^ n.; conclusion; finish:— fin; finagp6; 
nundgtus. 

endeavor, v. tr.; to try; to take pains: — 
n&-qi;68ifia; empefia. 

endless, adj., adv.: — t&i-finagp6; tdi- 
jinecog. 

endless, adj., adv.; infinite; limitless: — 
t&tnai-magtus; uguiyon. 

endurance, n.; contmuation; dura- 
tion:— dixiira; minesfij^on. 

endure, v. %.; to last; to abide; to con- 
tinue: — dura; suiSgon. 

endure, v. tr.; to sustain; to tolerate; 
to bear; to support: — aguanta; 
aguante; sufigon. 

4562—18 5 



enemy; n.; opponent: — enemigo; 
&ch&tlidmo; &ch&t&t&nmo. 



energetic, adj., adv.; strong:- 

pelLosb. 
energy, n.; — empelLo. 
enervate, v. tr., v. t.; to slacken; to 

relax; to become enervated: — oum&- 

oalo. 
engage, r. tr.; to bind by contract: — 

umc&contrata. 
engine, n.; — m&quina. 
engineer, n.:— enjini^ro. 
engrave, v. tr.; to cut or carve in sunken 

patterns: — ^binetdan maguadoc. 
engraving, n.: — ^renaya. 
ennance, v. tr.; to advance; to raise in 

esteem; to heighten in price or value: — 

tin&ichfi. 
enjoy, v. tr.; to have the pleasure or 

benefit of; to use as food or as drink: — 

aprobecha; g6sa. 
enlaree, v. tr.; to make deeper: — ^nft-Ul- 

moau^. 
enlarge, v. tr.; to extend; to expand:— 

n&-a&£|:culo; estiende. 
enMehten, v. tr.; to illuminate: — 

adara. 
enliven, v. tr.; to animate:— nft-lala. 
enmity, n.; — ^inH'^chatUl; chinatllt; 

quinentrario. 
enormous, adj.; excessive; immense; 

very great: — s6n-d&l^ulo; guefddfig- 

culo. 
enough, adj., adv.; sufficient: — nftjoiSg. 
enough of tliat noise! — ^mampos na 

burucal 
enough, adv.; sufficiently: — ^basta; yesta 

najofig. 
enrapture, v. tr.; to overjoy; to fill 

witn ecstasy: — encanta. 
enroll, v. tr.; to enlist: — ^ma-n&jalom 

gui iista. 
entangle, v. tr.; to ensnare; to perplex; 

to bewilder: — ^nft-g&don. 
entangled, adj.; confused; intricate: — 

g&don; ma-yukc&. 
entanglement, n.; — guinadon; enredo. 
enter, v. tr.; to go into; to come into; 

to penetrate:— jatme. 
enter into an agreement, v. tr., v. %.; 

to close a contract: — contrata; 

umft'^joye. 
entertain, v. tr.; to receive and treat 

hospitably:- tand. 
entertainment, n.; conversation: — 

um&tand; conbet8a8i6n. 
enthusiasm, n.; ardor of mind: — 

gttinaiya 
entice, v. tr., v.i.; to allure: — catiye; n&- 

dli; nH-m&Ulgd. 
entire, adj., adv.; total: — entero. 
entomb, v. tr.; to place in a tomb: — 

ma-nfcho. 
entrance, n.; the act of entering: — 

entrada; jinalom. 
entrance, n.; foreroom:— entrada. 



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60 



tmifliti 



entreaty, n.; requeet: — giiiniigaa. 
entrust, v. tr.y v, %.; to confide; to look 

for; to expect; to hope:-^-aJSi:ooo; 

confia; tdeuan. 
entry, n./ foreroom: — entrada. 
envelope, n.;— eobren catta. 
enviable, adj.; exdtiiig envy: — ^linfttga. 
envious, v, %.; to be envious: — ^layd. 
envious, adj.y adv.; discontented: — layO. 
envious, adj,, adv.; iealous; grudging: — 

embidi6sa; latga; eg6. 
environment, n.; — oondisi6n; oriya. 
envy, n.; jealousy:— inlffo; embidia. 
epidemic, n.: — epiddmia; s^o. 
epilepsy, n.;^^il6psia; repot, 
episode, n.; an mddent: — ejemplo. 
epooh, n.;--^poca. 
equal: — indicated by prefixing cha- or 

achi-. 
equal, v. i.; to equal some one: — alap6t. 
equal in weight, n.; — 6h&-ul^ag. 
equator, n . ; — ^tald. 
equipoise, n.; equilibrium; equality in 

weight; balance: — j chinii^ ul^ag. 
equip, V. tr.; to fit out; to prepare: — pre- 

parave. 
equitable, adj.; impartial; just: — tunas, 
equivalent^ ae^'.; equal:— pumarejo. 
era, n.; period :---ii^yo na tiempo. 
eradicate, v. tr.; to erase:— funas. 
erase, v. tr.; to obliterate: — ^funas. 
erect, adj.; upright:— tunas JulO an 

P&P&. 
erect, v. tr.; to erect on a foundation: — 

Jatsa; ni-cajuld. 
erect, v. tr.; to raise; to lift up; to pick 

up (from die floor):— jatsa. 
err. v. %.; to commit an ettot\ — ^fatta; 

&Dag. 
error, n.; — ^fatta, in&b&g. 
error, v. %.; to be in error; to be mis- 
taken : — chdtan. 
error^ n.; niisunderstandiiig:— lin&ohe; 

equibocasidn. 
erupt (speaking of a volcano), v. %.: — 

mutft. 
escape, v, %.; to run away; to flee: — 

falago. 
escort, V. tr.: accompany: — gfAcho^SS;- 

fialjon; eeg&ijon. 
escort, n.; accompaniment; convoy: — 

accompafiamiento; in-ee^yon; ines- 

g^jon. 
e^edally, adv.; particularly:— mayot- 

mente. 
essential, adj.; necessary: — neses&rio; 

presiso. 
establish, v. tr.; to introduce; to arrange; 

to inaugurate: — establ6se: manjdle. 
establishment, n.; place of business: — 

establemteto; establesimi^nto. 
estate, n.; property: — ^fangualtiaa. 
esteem, v. tr.; to respect: — ^jal-e. 
esteemed, adj.; respected; highly re- 
garded: — estima; inestima. 
estimate, t;. tr.; to consider; to calcu- 
late:— failAmtini; fft-lAmon; tdsa. 



etch, V. tr.; to engrave: — r&ya; m&toa. 
eternal, adj., adv.: — taf jinecog; ti 

jfjocog. 
eternity, n.:— tinafohii. 
etiquette, n.; good breeding; the con- 
ventional rules of deportment: — tom- 
tom; tin^mtom. 
eucharist, n.; the holy communion: — 

comuni6n. 
eulogise, v. tr.; to praise highly:— ttina. 
European, n.: — taotao ISigo (meaning 

the man from the north). 
evade, v. tr.; to avoid (sin); to turn out of 

the way: — ebita; letque. 
evade, v. tr.; to flee: — ^letque. 
evaporate, v. fr.,^— m&gap; malingo 

(como y janom gui aire). 
evaporation, n..*— minagapfialjon. 
evasion n.; expedient; excuse: — 

falagUiyon: escusa. 
even, adv.: — achugja: mas^. 
even, aeH.y adv.; level; plain; smooth: — 

yano; liso; majlos. 
evening, n.: — pupudffiae. 
evening before a festivity, n.: — 

afunan gupot; bisperan gupot. 
evenly, oov.; uniformly: — patco; parejo. 
event, n.; an occurrence:— suseso; 

sines^e. 
eventually, adj., adv.; ultimately:— 

alostittimos. 
ever, adv.; at any time:— Jam&s. 
every, adj.; each:— cftdft or daASk uno. 

every time when , cori/..*— li^nfii-jft. 

evidence,n./ proof; testimony: — ^prueba. 
evil^ ati^.f aav.; morally bad; wicked; 

mischievous: — t&ilajre; b&b&. 
evil-minded, adj.; ill-diflpoeed:— mal 

intension&o. 
evince, v. tr.; to prove; to show; to 

demonstrate : — ^f&ntie. 
eviscerate, v. tr.; to gut:— destilipas. 
evolution, n.; development; growtn: — 

adelanto; lin&l&. 
exact, adj.f adv.; strict; accurate; pre- 
cise: — estricto; din&nche. 
exacting, adj., adv.; oppressive: — ma- 

gagajet; par^ejo. 
exactly, adv.; fitting snugly:— aJust6o; 

din&^ncheche. 
exaggerate, v. tr., v. t.;— nA d&£gculo 

mas que ^ mina-g6Jet. 
exalted, adj.: — ^mAgas. 
examination, n.; test; trial:— ohinague; 

ex^imen. 
example, n.; sample; p a r a b 1 e:— 

ejemplo; mu^stra. 
excavate, v. tr.; to dig out: — gnaje; 

guftdog. 
exceed, v. tr.; to surpass; to excel: — 

upos. 
excel, V. tr.; overtop; to surpass:— diles; 

igue. 
excellent, adj., adv.: — patticuUlt. 
except, prep.; outside of:— fu6ra de; 

fu^ra. 
excepted, adj.; free:— ecseptu&o. 



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exceptional, adj., adv.: — Bobreealiente. 
excess, n.; superfluity:— minttmpos. 
exchange, v. tr,; to trade:— tulafca. 
excite, v, tr.; to animate; to arouse: — 

Itljan. 
excicdm, v. %.; to cry out suddenly: — 

umaffa^Sfr. 
exclude someone, v. tr.: — nA-fuera; 

n&-8&jfgue. 
exdumon, n.; omission: — ^ninfts6j£frae. 
excrement, n.; matter discharged Irom 

animal body after digestion: — taqud 



exculpate, v. tr.; excuse: — discutpa. 
excuse, n.; evasion; expedient: — ^fala- 

giifTon; escdsa. 
excuse, v. tr.; to exculpate:— di^ensa; 

eecdsa. 
execute, v. tr.: — Jotca^ f&tinas. 
executive, n.; administrative branch 

of the government: — elecutibo. 
exemplify, v. tr.; to illustrate by ex- 
ample : — chachalane. 
exercise, v. tr.: — ejetse; ejetaita. 
exert, v. t.; to exert one's self :-Hisune. 
exhaust, v. tr.; to drain; to weaken: — 

nA-yafai: l&^'chai. 
exhausted, adi.; all used up:— ^nA- 

16chai; lin&^chae; ma-nA-yd£ai. 
exhausted; at the end:— s^n-Juto; 

mft-jtito. 
exhibit, v. tr.; to display; to boast; to 

expose to view: — ^fft&. 
exhibition, n..— flntttft. 
exhilarate, v. tr.; to make glad; to 

enliven :— nA-maffof . 
exhortation, n.; admonition: — abiso. 
exile, V. tr.; to banish; to drive out; to 

expel:— destilado; dtilalac. 
exist, V. i.; to be:— lumAUl. 
exonerate, v. tr.; to acquit: — asCi. 
e^and. v. tr,; to enlarge; to extend; 

to widen: — esti6nde; nA-m&pguft. 
expectorate, v, i.; to spit: — tomOla. 
e]q>edient, n./ excuse; evasion: — fala- 

gUiTon. 
expedite, v. tr.; to hurry; to accellerate; 

to dispatch: — apora. 
expedition, n.: — eospediaidn; espedi- 

Bi6n. 
expel, V, tr.; to exile:— destilado; 

ddlftlftg. 
expend, v. tr.; to spend (money):— 

gasta. 
expenditure, n.; disbursement: — ga^ 

ton salapd. 
expenses, n.; costs; consumption:— 

gasto. 
e]q>enflive, adj.; valuable; precious: — 



expeiienee, n.; dexterity; skill:— linA- 

mon; pin^yon. 
e]q>erienced, ac^.; versed; skilled:— 

esperim6nto. 
e^ert, n.; — ^p6rito; prdctico. 



expiate, v. tr.; to make reparation; to 

give satisfaction; to pay; to reconcile: — 

empas. 
expiation, n.; reparation: — espiasi6n; 

inempas. 
explain, v. tr.; to make clear; to ex- 
pound : — esplica. 
e]q>lanation, n.; interpretation: — ^in- 

tetpretasi6n; pinfli. 
e^lode, v. t.; to burst: — ^m&pta; 

p6gpag. 
e]q>lore, v. ^.;— descubre. 
explosive, n.; — Tninanflft (c o m o y 

dinamlta). 
expose, V. tr.; to lay open:— tal&. 
e»ose, V, tr.; to expose to the sun: — 

aja. 
expose to view, v. tr.; to exhibit; to 

display; to boast:— fat&. 
Qxpoidtion, n.: — esposisi6n. 
express, v. tr.; to exhibit by language: — 

espresa. 
expression, n.; mode of speech: — 

sasa£g&nfia. 
expulsion, n.; forcible ejection:— madii- 

lalaff. 
exquisite, adj.; delicate; nice; dainty; 
• refined: — ^flno. 
extend courtesy, v. %.; to show one's 

self courteous:— cottesiaye. 
extend, v. tr.; to expand; to enlarge: — 

estiende. 
extended, adj., adv.; long: — an&c6. 
extension, n.; act or state of extend- 
ing: — ^inalatge; estensi6n. 
extensive, cu^., adv.: — estensibo. 
exterior, adj., adv.; external: — suman- 

Jiyodfr. 
exterminate, v. tr.; to destroy utterly:— 

nA-l&chai; ma-ftiiias. 
external, adj.; outside; exterior: — 

sumanJiyolQ^* 
extinguish) v. tr.; to put an end to; to 

blot out; to wipe out:— bora; pund. 
extinguish, v. tr.; to extinguish the 

light: — pund. 
extirpable, aeH.; eradicable (capable of 

being pullea out by the roots):— 

Jalfon. 
extraordinary, adj.^ adv.; remarkable; 

rare; eminent; special: — ti seso. 
extravagance, n.; prodigality; waste- 
fulness :— gftstadot. 
extreme, adj,, adv.; of the highest 

degree; last; utmost: — t&iparejo. 
eye, n.: — &tadoc. 
eye bandage, n.;— bendas. 
eyebrows, n.; — sejas. 
eyelash, n.: — ^b&'l>ale. 
eyelid, n.:— bft'l>ale; Ites dtadoc. 
eyesight, n.; range of vision:— linl! y 

eyesore, n.; anything that offends the 
sight:— Jin^men inatjln; puten m^ta. 



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fable, 71.; a short fictitious narrative; 

also an idle story; a falsehood: — 

f&bula. 
face, n.; countenance; looks; appeal^ 

ance: — ^mata; cara; rostro. 
facial, adj.; pertaining to the face: — 

iyon m&ta. 
fadlitate, v. tr.; to relieve; to make 

easier or lighter: — alfbia. 
fact, n.; anyming that is done; reality; 

event; truth:— minagft jet. 
factory, n.: — ^f&bxioa; factorla. 
fad, n.; a pet idea; a passing fashion: — 

bfsio; ti-dbmam na m6da or ti-^bmam 

na m6da. 
fade, V, I.; to lose color; to wither; to 

languish: — ^funas; ni-mifnas; n&- 

afigld. 
fail, V. i.; to fall short; to be deficient; 

to turn out badly: — cajfUd; dimalas. 
fail, V. tr.; to be wanting; to forsake:— 

duminialas. 
fail to meet some one, t;. tr.; to fail 

to fall in with: — filaisen. 
failing, n.; a fault; weakness; imperfec- 
tion: — ^linUche; dinebit. 
faint, n.; swoon: — l&ltt£g:ofUujon; 

la'lfifigo. 
faint, V. I.; to fall in a swoon: — WVi£l^; 

mamaita^'guan. 
faint, adj.^ adv.; weak; infirm:— d6bit. 
fainttng. adj.; in a swoon: — WVkago. 
fair, adj.f adv.; handsome; genteel; 

fine: — gadbo. 
fairness, n.; the quality of bein^ fair; 

equity; candor:— inasentado; ti fin&- 

b&bft. 
faith, n.; belief: — ^fe; jinefiggue. 
faithful, adj.f adv.; true; loyal: — tl 

ja-traedute; fiel. 
faithless, adj.; unfaithful; treacherous: — 

i&b'SL'hUhH; traid6t. 
ake, V. i.;tocheat; to dodge; to swindle: — 

f&baa>a. 
fake, n.; dodge; cheat; swindler; trick- 
ster: — dinftgue; fin&b&b^; atte. 
faU asleep, v. %.: — ^matujog; maigo. 
fall, V. I.; to descend; to decline: — 

b&sna^. 
fall, V. %.; to tumble:— podulSg; also: 

podo^g:. 
fall headlong, v, t.;— achft^'icag. 
fallen, adj.; degraded; ruinea: — ^ma- 

destrosa. 
falling, adj.; moving downward; sink- 
ing : — ^p6podo^. 
false, adj.y adv.; unreal; not genuine: — 

fatso, 
false, adj.y adv.; lying: — dacon. 
falsitfy, t>. tr.; to foige:— f&b&ba; fataifica. 
falsify, V. tr.; to lead astray: to harm; to 

injure:— na-ta^ilaye; f&baba. 
fame, n.; reputation: — ^fama 
familiar, am.; well acquainted or inti- 
mate; afiable:— guef-umatulSgO 
umft^p^yune. 



family, n.: — ^familia. 

family lineage, n.; — trofficon familia. 

famine, n.; extreme dearth; scarcity: — 

jasan; mitai-fialaf^. 
famous, adj.^ adv.; distinguished: — dis- 

tiiEj|guido; afam&o. 
fan (ny swatter), n.: — iib&nico; p&nfig- 

lalo. 
fan (used in building a fire), n.: — g6ja. 
fancied, adj.; imaginary: — jinftlom 

j&lom. 
fancy, v. tr.; to imaj^e; to take a liking 

to: — guiU^; imdjina n&-ialom. 
fancy, n.; idea; notion; uking: — idea; 

jinkeo; gUin&iya. 
fang, n.; tusk; saddleroll; saddle pad:— 

cotniyos. 
fantastic, adj.; grotesque; odd:— tima- 

gajet; tijofigguiyon. 
far, adj.; distant; far off: — chagd. 
farce, n.; ridciulous or empty parade: — 

tftigrasia; mat&pa£g. 
fare, n.; provisions of a table; also sum 

paid for conveyance by railroad, etc. : — 

ntecand; pat (or) apas pasaje. 
farewell, irUerj.; may you fare well; may 

you prosper: — radios, felis biaje. 
farm, n.; wordly possessionfl: — ^hasi- 

enda; sementera; lancho. 
farmer, n.; peasant: — ^lanchero; semen- 

tero. 
farther, adj.; m(»« distant or remote; 

additional:— «hagdna; mas. 
fascinate, v. tr.; to bewitch; to capiti- 

vate:— eajnaye; encanta. 
fascination, n.; attraction; charm: — 

inencanta. 
fashion, n.; conventional custom in 

dress: — moda: estilo. 
fashionable, adj.; according to the pre- 
vailing mode: — ^moda; modista. 
fast, adj., adv.; strong; hard; firm:— 

fitme. 
fast, n.; time of fasting; lent: — Hyunat; 

cuaresma; tienpon ayunat. 
fast, V. i.; to go without food: — Eyunat. 
fast, adj.; quick; speedy; expeditious: — 

ch Usto. 
fasten, v. tr.; to tie on; to bind: — gode. 
fasten, v. tr.; to strengthen: — ^nH-meton. 
fasten with nails, v. tr.; to hammer: — 

atane. 
fastening (for clothing), n.; laige but- 
ton: — casaca; batunes dd^^fculo. 
fat, adj.; corpulent; fleshy: — chebot; 

yomog. 
fat (of the cow), n.; suet: — sebo; mantica. 
fat (from pigs), n.; grease: — ^mantica. 
fat^ adj,; greasy: — ^manempdya; man- 
tica. 
fat, n.; salve: — ^lunto. 
fat man, n.; — diebot. 



fatal, adj.; mortal; causing death or de- 
struction: — tetminao para ayo flna- 
taifia. 

fate, n.; destiny: — destino. 



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fateful, adj. J adv.; possessing fatal powers; 

fatal : — destinao. 
father, n.; — tata. 
father confessor, n.: — coxnfe86t. 
father-in-law, n.: — suegro. 
father, n.; priest:— -paid, 
father, n.; lord; master: — a^saincl. 
fatiflue, n.; weariness; mental or bodily 

exhaustion : — af attgao. 
fatten, v. tr.; to make fat; to feed for the 

table: — ^n&-yoniog; pogsai. 
fatten up, v. tr., v. t.;— nH-yomog. 
faucet, 71.; short pipe with a valve used 

for drawing liquios from kegs: — grifo. 
fault. 71.; slight offense; blemish: — de- 

fecto. 
fault-finding, adj.^ adv.; hair-splitting; 

carping: — atito. 
faul^, adj.^ adv.; incorrect: — g&i de- 

fecto. 
favor, n.; kindness; grace: — graaia; 

fab6t. 
favor, 71.; protection; patronage: — flna- 

borese; fabdt. 
favor, V. tr.; to aid; td protect; to patron- 
ize: — faborese. 
favorable, adj.^ adv.; auspicious; well- 
disposed :— f aborable . 
favorite, n.: minion: — j ma-fabo- 

rfirese. 
favorite, n.; bosom child: — ^7 et-nxae 

ma-guaiyaj y ma-faborerese; bufga. 
fawn on, v. %.; to wheedle; to flatter: — 

f&-&ndi. 
fear, v. tr.; tobeafraidof:--m&&''liau,or: 

mlUt'^flao. 
fear, n.; apprehension of evil or danger: — 

mtiuUl''nau, or: niin&&^fLao. 
fearful, adj., adv.; timorous; timid; 

apprehensive; cowardly :--daligue. 
fearless, adj., ac^.:— t6i-&fiau; t4i- 

ma&fiau. 
feasible, adj., adv.; practicable: — ^n&- 

sinayon. 
feast, 71.; simiptuous repast; festival: — 

fiesta; gupot. 
feast, 71.; ceremony; solemnity: — gupot. 
feather, n.; plume: — ^plumaje. 
feathers, 71.; chicken feathers: — pulon 

manttg, or: manog. 
feature, n.; outline; characteristic: — 

figuran mata. 
February, n.: — ^febrero; maimd. 
fecund!^, n.; fertility: — fottalesa. 
fee, 71.; a compensation for service ren- 
dered; gratuity: — ^apas. 
feed, v. tr.; nourish; to support: — chugd; 

alim^nta; n&-chocho. 
feed, v. tr.; to furnish fodder to:— pucue. 
feed^ v. tr.; to feed the fire; to feed the 

light: — totlS^e; totne. 
feel, v. tr., v. %.: — tantea. 
feel, V. tr.; to touch: — siente. 
feel, V. %.; to suffer: — chuot; padese. 
feelers (of a crawfish), 71.; — ^batbas 

uja^. 



feeling, n.; perception; sense of touch: — 

siniente. 
fees, 71.; duties, custom duties; taxes: — 

derechos; ajMis; aduana. 
feign, V. tr.; to hide; to conceal; to keep 

secret; to dissemble: — disimula. 
fellow, 71.; comrade; friend: — g&choiS^. 
fellowship, n.; association; society: — 

gftchong; companero. 
felon, 71.; one guilty of felony:— g&i 

isao ni da'^xSgculo. 
felony, n.; a crime punishable by im- 
prisonment or death: — ^isao ni dk^'xSg- 

culo. 
felt, 71.; a fabric composed of wool and 

hair pressed together: — tinifog gapu- 

nulo yan lana. 
felt hat, 71.: — tijoiSg castod. 
female, adj.: — ^hembra; palduan. 
female, 71.; — ^pal&uan. 
fence, n.; heoge: — colat. 
fender, n.; cushion of rope, intended 

to protect the bow ana sides of a 

ship: — ^fln& filunan tale p&rH y 

oriyan y batco para chftna; mayu- 

yula^S; yan maoto. 
fender, n.; automobile fender: — tanpen 

fdchl. 
ferment, v. %.: — ^mumaUgsom; lu- 

malald. 
fermentation, n.; — ^mina-ftgsom; bini- 

lacho. 
ferociouB, adj., adv.; savage; fierce: — 

Tnalamafia; n&^ma&fiao. 
ferocity, n.; cruelty; savageness: — 

TTI'^TI it] ft.Tn ft-fi ft. . 

fertile, adj., adv.; rich; productive; 
yielding: — g&i fottalesa; ganansioeo. 

fertile, adj., adv.; fruitful; prolific (re- 
ferring to the propagation of man or 
animal): — ^jSfn&g; ma-mamta. 

fertility, 71.; fecundity:— flnamta; fot- 
talesa. 

fervor, 71.; intensity of feeling; zeal; 
warmth: — todo y nlnftslfjafja; todo y 
minagoffia. 

fester, v. i.; to suppurate: — faflugo. 

festive garb, n.: — gala. 

fetch, v. tr.; to go after and bring: — 
chuld. 

fetch a meal, v. tr.: — cdOlau. 

fetter, v. tr.; to chain:— padriguiyos; 
cadena. 

feud, 71.; quarrel between families: — 
plait6n familia. 

fever, v. %.; to catch fever; to become 
ill with fever: — calentura. 

fever, n.: — calentura. 

few, adj.; not many: — unos ouantos; 
jasan. 

fiasco, 71.; complete failure: — ^linache. 

fiber, 71.; sinew; tendon; vein; nerve: — 
gugat. 

fibrous, adj., adv.; composed of fibers: — 
guinigatan; m%ugat. 



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fldde, adj,j adv.; changeable; inconstant; 
mutable; variable; fluctuating: — 



fixSlex 



yoxx. 

eneaa, n.; 



-t&i-minetoxx. 
fidelity, ri.; integrity; loyalty; reliabil- 
ity: — ^fe; amiBtd; gmn&^iya. 
fie I interj,; for shame! — ^bahl jul 
field, n.; plantation; ploughed ground: — 

s-ualo; fangualuan. 
field rich with geune, n.: — ^fanbenadu- 

yan; famaquiyan. 
fiend, n.; demon-^ one who is intensely 

malicious or wicked: — t&il&ye; baba 

costumbrefia. 
fierce, adj.^ adv.; wild; savage: — ^xnala- 

mafia; machaleg. 
fiery, aaj.; passionate; easily roused: — 

gusd^caiuid; gusd^ald. 
fifteexx, aa/.;--quiziBe. 
fifth, (wh;.;— qulnto. 
fifty, adj.: — unouenta. 
fig, n.; fruit of the fig tree:— higoa. 
fig tree (a variety of), n.;— agaliya. 
fight, n.; combat:— combato; plll^'ito 
figure, n.; picture; model: — ^figura. 
figuratively apoken, v. t.: — g6i- 

figura. 
file, V. (r.;— liTTia. 
file, n.; — liznft. 

filial, adj.; pertaining to a son or daugh- 
ter:— s6n-lajifia or s^n-jagafia. 
fill, V. tr.; to replenish:— sajguane. 
flU up, v. «r.;— na-bula. 
fill up, V. tr.; to fill up one's stomach: — 

]i4-jam>og. 
filled, acy., adv.: — ^bula. 
fill, V. tr.; to flood:— nA-86n-bula. 
filler of a cigar, n.; a bundle of ten 

small tobacco leaves: — anduyd. 
filter, n.; apparatus for purifying water 

(or other liquids): — c61adot. 
filth, n.; mud; smut: — liooiS^; a^plach^. 
filthy, ajdj.y adv.; dirty; soiled: — apladh&. 
final result or outcome, n.: — jiniyu£g. 
finally, adv.; at last: — ^pot fin. 
find, V. tr.; to discover: — t&gdbjld; sod&. 
find, V. tr.; to invent; to recover: — 

Bod&. 
find, V. tr.; to hit upon; to meet: — 

d&^ndie. 
find out, V. tr.; to invent; to devise: — 

sodA; nft-juyong; inbenta. 
finder, n.; one who finds:— flIsodA. 
fine, adj.f adv.; handsome; fair; genteel: — 

gadbo. 
finger, n.; toe:— c&lulot (middle finger: 

calulot talc; index finger or forefinger: 

calulot aniyo). 
finish, V. i.; to stop; to cease: — ^fagpo; 

n&-para. 
finish, n.; end; conclusion: — ^fin; 

min^gpo. 
finish, V. tr.; to complete: — ^fonjayan. 
finished, adj., adv.; complete; r^y:— 

monjayan. 
fins of a fish, n.:— batbas gtiijan. 
fire, n.; — guaie. 



fire, V, tr.; to fire a gun: — dispara; p&que. 
firearms, n,; rifles, etc.;— ^>ftque sija. 
firebrand, n.: — tesna. 
fire engine, n.; — ^bomban quenia86n. 
fire upon, v. tr.; to bombard; to shoot 

at: — fle<uia; psique. 
fireside, n.; tne hearth; domestic life 
firewood (for the kitchen), n.: — ^jayon 

matutofig^. 
firewood, n.; kindling wood: — ^Jayo. 

and comfort: — ^fion guafe. 
firm, adj., adv.; fast; strong; hard: — 

fitme. 
firmament, n.; the sky :— laiQ^t; fitma- 

mento. 
first, adv.: — ^find^nana. 
first birth, n.; primo^niture:— mafa- 

fiaeon find^'nana; pnmerisa. 
first-bom, adj.: — ^y find^'nana na 

patgon. 
fint time; to use for the first time: — 

prim6t biaje; achang. 
first quarter (of the moon; rising or 

increasing fourth) : — cuatto oresiente. 
fish, n.;— gttiian. 
fish, V. %.; to fish at night, with a net: — 

sAde. 
fisn, V. %.; to fish with a dragnet: — 

chumineholo. 
fisherman, n.: — talayero; pescad6t. 
fish, V. tr., V. %.; to go fishing: — 6ettijan. 
fishline, n.; line: — cotdet giiijan or 

ffuigao. 
flanlTTg line, n.; — tupac. 
fishing net, n.; inclosures built in shal- 
low water to catch fish: — ^gulgau, or: 

sruigao. 
fish roe, n.; — ^figan. 
flBh poison, n.: — gumuasA. 
fishing stone, n.; a stone used by the 

natives when fishing: — achd pucd; 

achd chdchd. 
fist, n.: — ^in&quijom; tronp6n. 
fistula, n.; small chrome abscess:— 

chetnot dlquiqui. 
fit, adj., adv.; suitable; appropriate; 

adapted:— umftyft; aprop^sito. 
fit, adj., adv.; capable: — oapas. 
fit, n.; shock; attack: — achaque. 
fit (he is overcome by a fit):— ninftye 

un achaque. 
fitting snugly, p. p.; exactly: — ajustao. 
fit up alike, v. tr.; to make equal: — 

n&-a^. 
fitness, n.: — ^inaya; inajustao. 
five, oaj.;— since, 
five hundred, orf;.;— qulnientos. 
fix, V. tr.; to intend; to design:— f&mau- 

leg; destina. 
flabby, adj., adv.; soft; loose; repaxed:— 

flojo; c&lo. 
flag, n.; banner: — ^bandera; estandatte. 
flag mast, n.:— jasta. 
flame, n.; fire:— mafiilA; guafe. 
flame, n.; clarity; clearness:— mafUlA; 

clarid^. 



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flank, n.; the fleshy part of an animal 

between the ribB and the hip: — 

bariffada. 
flannel, n.; shirt:— flanela; laniya. 
flwp, n.; anything broad and flexible, 

hanging loosely, and &stened on one 

Bide:-i)umUaa&pft. 
flare, n.; large, unstidady, glaring light:— 

mlTiftfiilft. 
flash, n.; sudden, quick, transitory 

blaze of light: — mafJilA ensiguidas; 

chadeg na mafiil&. 
flask, n.; bottle:— frasoo; boteya. 
flat, adj.^ adv.; level; dull:— mftpftnfts* 
flatten, v. tr,; to lay flat; to make level 

or even: — nA-mapanaa. 
flatter, v. i.; to fawn on; to wheedle: — 

fft-andi; tuna, 
flatter, v. %,; to gain over by compli- 
mentary speech: — ^isa. 
flatter, v. tr.; to receive amiably: — ^uga. 
flatter, v. tr.; to soap; to lather: — ^Jabune 
flatterer, n.: — ^zninejmo; fiinifia; fuga; 

gft-man-uga. 
flatulence, n.; distension of the stomach 

caused by gases: — ^flniltme majt^lo. 
flaunt, V. %.; to behave impudently: — 

bomastos; dumescarada; oumaranca. 
flaunt, n.; a boast; brag:— banid&. 
flavor, n.; a particular smell or taste: — 

sabot; sensia. 
flavor, V. tr.; to impart a flavor to: — 

nft-g&isabot. 
flax, n.: — dasen tinanom nt man&- 

s^setbe y jHufia p&rii munfttinas 

magago p&t lienso. 
flea, n.: — ^potg^. 

fledk, n.; street; spot: — ^mancha; rastro. 
flee, V. %.; to escape; to run away: — 

falago. 
fleet, adj., adv.; ciuick; swift: — giist. 
fleeting, adj., adv.; transitory; perish- 
able:— mamApos, gusf-j6cog. 
flight, n.; the act, process, manner, or 

power of flying: — guinfpo. 
flighty, adj., adv.; changeable capri- 
cious :— ci^richoso. 
fling. V, tr.; to throw or hurl: — 

yutefiaijon. 
flint stone, n.; — gftgot. 
float, n.; raft: — ^batsa.* 
flock, n.; swarm; heap; pile: — catdmnen; 

catdume. 
flock or crowd together, v. tr.; to run 

together: — aeululunie. 
flog, V. tr.; to whip; to chastise: — eastiga. 
flood, n.; inundation; deluge: — ^bula j 

tasi; bula y sadog; milag. 
floor, n.: — ^piso, satgue. 
flour, n.; — arina. 
flourishing, adj.; prosperous; thriving: — 

adilantao; gai-producto. 
flow, V. %.: — ^mifalag; mflalag. 
flower, n.; bud: — ^flores. 
flowerpot, n.; — ^maseta. 
flowing, adj., adv.; moving, or pouring 

forth; fluent:— mfmilalag. 



fluctuate, V, %.; to undulate; to rise and 

fall: — ^n&-ohao€hao; n&-napo. 
fluent, adj., adv.; voluble; eloquent: — 

ourientej curiente cumuentoe. 
flunk. V. %.; to fail completely: — s6n- 

podot^; s6n-mapede. 
flush, V. tr.; to clean out with a rush 

of water :--chalaochao ni janom. 
flute, n.;— flaota; flauta. 
flute player, n.;— flautista. 
flutter. V. i.; to move or flap the wings 

rapidl^:— paiftpS. 
fly, n.;— laid, 
fly. V. i.:— gupo. 

flying, ««.:— guegpo: gupo; gulgupo. 
flying flsn, n.;— fanijen tasi. 
fly swatter (fan), n.: — abanico; punO 

laid, 
foam, n.; froth: — espuma. 
foam, n.; mold; acwrt; scab; crust: — 

natas. 
foam, n.; water blister:— huo; boan. 
foaming, adj.; driveling: — binean. 
fodder, n.; food for horses and cattle: — 

n6iS|foand cabayo; n^figcand gu&cS. 
foe, 71.; personal enemy: — enimigo. 
foff, n.; condensed watery vapor near 

the surface of the sea or land: — calan 

jomjom uchan gui l&^uit. 
^orey> <^j'» cloudy:— lopa^m; ttitbio. 
fou, V. tr.; to baffle; to frustrate: — 

mapede. 
fold, n.; pen; dung: — colat ^^^ 
fold, V: tr.; to wrap up: — ^falulon. 
foliage, n.: — ^ramas; jagon. 
folk, n.; people in general: — t&otao sija; 

familia. 
follow, V. i.; to continue: — sipie. 
follow, V. tr.; to imitate: — dUOalUg. 
follow, V. u; to follow on the track of; to 

track; to search out; to get a scent: — 

rastrea. 
follow, V. tr.; to reach: — S&g6; tate; 

tatiye. 
f 611owing each other: — unul'^-tatiye. 
folly, n.; want of understanding: — 

frionera; bin§b&. 
food, n.; victuals: — ^bfberes. 
food, n.; no^nrishment; eatables: — ali- 

mento; n^^^cand. 
fool, n.; a person devoid of reason or 

intelligence; idiot: — caduco; frion; tdi- 

sentido; tdi-tini£gd. 
foolish, adj.f adv.; stupid; silly:- baba. 
foolishness, n.; silliness:— bizUlbft; fri- 
onera. 
foot, n.; — ^patas. 
footstool, n..-— fan-apflan; &pd; bancon 

ade^. 
foppish, adj., adv.; elegant; affected: — 

oh&chA. 
for, prep.; in place of; on account of: — 

p&r&. 
forbear, v. tr.; to abstain from; to spare: — 

sul^on. 
forbearance, n.; patience; indulgence: — 

sinitf^on; minesfi^^n. 



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in^ta 



forbid, V. tr.; to prohibit: — chozn&; 

atottaye. 
forbidden, adj.. adv.; interdicted: — 

pruibido; projibido. 
force, n.; power; vigor; strength: — 

flnette; minetgot. 
force, V. tr.; to constrain; to coerce; to 

subdue; to compel: — ckfuetsaa. 
forcible, adj., adv.; violent: — afuetsas; 

pot y nietsa; fotsao. 
ford, n.; shallow part of a stre&m; suit- 
able for crossing: — ^xl&^tatcl na lugdt. 
forearm, n.; arm between wrist and 

elbow: — ayo na patte g^ cS.^nai y 

desde y tezno asta y znofleca. 
forecast, v. tr.; to predict: — Jaso desde 

antes; aregla desde antes, 
forefinger, n.; index finger: — 

t&'ttochd. 
forehead, n.; brow: — jae. 
foreign, adj.; strange:— forastero; ee- 

trafio. 
foreigner, n.; stranger: — estraiSgJero; 

estranjero. 
foreman, n.: — dtguasit; W/t&gQ. 
forest, n.; bush: — ^Jalum-tand. 
forever, adv.: — y siempre dura; tiiji- 

necog. 
forfeit, n.; a fine or penalty: — ^pena; 

mutta. 
forge, V. tr.: — nA-Hj^^, 
forget, V. tr.: — ^mSlefa. 
forgetnil, adj.^ adv.; oblivious; liable to 

be forgotten:— j&n&lef&yon; j&^malefa. 
forgive, v. tr.; to pardon; to remit blame 

or penalty: — asu. 
forgiveness, n.; pardon: — ^ini&sfi; mi- 

nsL&B^'j peta6n. 
fork, n.; — t^nedot. 
form, v. tr.; to shape: — ^fotma. 
formal, adj.^ adv.; precise; according to 

rule:— fotmit. 
formation, n.; that which is formed; also 

the act 01 formation: — totmaiti6n, 
former, adj.; preceding in time or place; 

first mentioned:— find^'nana. 
formidable, adj., adv.; fearful; power- 
ful: — ^nA^maftfiao; metgot. 
forsake, v. tr.; to desert; to abandon; to 

quit; to leave behind:— desampara. 
forsaken, adj.; forlorn ; left alone : — aban- 

donao; madifigo. 
for some time; for quite some time: — 

Ul-abmam. 
fortify, V. tr.; to make stronger: — xxk- 

animoso. 
fortunate, adj.^ adv.; wealthy; opulent; 

lucky; happy; prosperous: — aflfot- 

tunao. 
forttinate, adj., adv.; lucky; blessed; 

content; comfortable:— gu6fsaga; 

dichoso. 
fortune, n.; luck; good fortune: — ^fot- 

tuna. 
fortune, v. tr.; to tell one's fortune; to 

prophesy : — adibina. 
fortune teller, n.: — sabid6t; dibino. 



for this reason: — este min&. 

forthwith, adv.; immediately: — ti-ab- 
mam; enseguidas. 

forty, adv.: — cuarenta. 

forward I interi.; advance!— lat-ftoa I 

foul, adj.; spoiled; offensive: — ^podlilo. 

found. V. tr.; to lay the basis of; to fix 
firmly : — ^planta. 

foundation, n.: — simiento. 

founder, v. i.; to sink; to go down: — 
mafondo; ma-puja y batco. 

founder, n.; builder:— pUiaant&. 

fount, n.; fountain or spring: — trof[^con 
janum; bdbd. 

four, oc(;..*— cuatro. 

four-cornered, adj.; square; quad- 
rangular : — cuiadrao. 

four nundred, oifj.:—- cuatro-sientos. 

fourteen, adj.: — catotse. 

fourth, adv.; one-fourth: — cuatto. 

fracture, n.; — ^majlog. 

fracture, v. tr.; to shatter; to break into 
pieces: — ^y&iiag; yftya. 

fragile, adj., aav.; brittle; easily bro- 
ken: — ^pasca; quebrantayon; ja^mafag. 

freuDie, n.; square: — cuacbro. 

frame, v. tr.; to inclose; to incase: — 
encaja. 

frame of mind, n; character; disposi- 
tion: — ^jenio. 

frank, adj., adv.: — ^magajet; maplft. 

frank, v. tr.; to send postpaid: — 
franquera. 

frantic, adj.; violently mad or dis- 
tracted; outrageous: — man&bubo; em- 
perio. 

fraud, n.; deceit; cheating: — antula; 
linipa* fin&babH. 

free, aai.; excepted: — ecsept&o. 

free, aij., adv.; out of danger; safe: — 
Ubre. 

free, adj., adv.; untrammelled; un- 
hamp0red: — ^malulog. 

freedom, n.; softness:— minalulog. 

freeze, v. %.; to shiver; to have a chill 
(in fever): — fugo; manefi^e^. 

freight, n.; — ^flete; catgamento. 

frequent, adj.; recurring often: — seso. 

frequently, adv.; often: — seso. 

fresn, adj., adv.; refreshing; cool: — 
fresco. 

fret, V. %.; to be irritated or vexed: — 
mumufiera. 

fretful, adj.; peevish; irritated: — 
mufiera. 

friction, n.; the act of rubbing; attri- 
tion : — um&^guesgues. 

Friday, n.;— bietnes. 

friend, n.;— amigo; ma-goflie; gachong; 

friendiy, adj., adv.; amicable: — amisto- 

samente. 
friendship, n.;— in&^'goflie. 
frieht, n.; a sudden and violent fear; 

idarm :— espanto. 
frighten, v. tr.; to startle; to terrify:— 

asusta; jalai^; jongaiig. 



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lament 



frighten, v. tr.; to drive away: — sugon; 

espanta. 
frigntened, adj.; startled; terrified: — 

asustao. 
frightened, v. i.; to be frightened: — 

1o£g:a£g; asusta. 
frighten off, v. tr.; to scare away: — 

espanta. 
frivolity, n.; levity: — t&ibale; tindi- 

bale. 
frivolous, adj.^ adv.; trfling; silly; in- 
clined to levity: — t&ibale. 
frock, n.; garment: — traje. 
frog, n.; — rana. 
from (from a given time until now), 

prep.; since: — desde. 
from here to : — desde este 

Jasta . 

from, adv.; out of: — guine; guinen. 

front, n.;— y san mdna. 

front, n.; facade: — ^fachada. 

froth, n.; scum; foam:— espume; boan. 

frown, V. %.; to scowl: — ^na-matan la- 

lald. 
frozen, adj.: — ^majetog nl manMg- 

jeilt. 
frugal, adj.^ adv.; niggard 1^; saving; 

tmifty; scanty; parsimonious: — ma- 

aquijom. 
fruit, n.;— tinegch&; frutoe. 
fruitful, adj., adv.; prolific:— jafnttg; 

tegcM; gu6ftan6; mepft; m&^mamt&. 
fruit house^ n.; granary;— pranero. 
fruitful, adj,; yielding fruit; prolific:— 

mepA; productoeo. 
fruitlessly, adv.; without result; in vain; 

to no purpose: — tfiisetbe; bano; en 

bano. 
fruits or sweets, n.; dessert:- golosina. 
fry, v. tr.; to bake in a pan: — aflito. 
fry, V. tr.; to prepare food; to season; to 

roast; to broil: — guisa. 
fuel, n.; combustible material for supply- 
ing a fire: — jayon matutotfg. 
fugitive, n.; runaway: — malagon t6o- 

tao. 



full, adj., adv.; complete: — ^binila; bula; 

enteramente; entero. 
fulfill, v. tr.; to fulfill a duty: — cumple. 
full moon^ n.: — gualafon. 
full of, adj.; filled with: — ^jafnd. 
fume, n.; vapor; exhalation: — ^bap6t. 
fumi^te, V. tr.; to smoke: — &sgUe; 

fumiga. 
fun, n.; mirth; drollery; sport:— minti- 

gof. 
function, n.; discharge of a duty: — 

gupot mftgas; offsio. 
fund, n.; money set apart for some 

object: — ^nin&ju;^0]Sp; salapd. 
fundamental, adj., adv.; basic; essential; 

primary : — ^fundamento. 
funeral, n.; burial: — entiero. 
funnel, n.: — embudo. 
funny, adj.; comical; droll: — ^n&^chaleg. 
fur. n..— pulon gS^a^. 
furious, adj., acm.; raging; mad: — 

lalfidd; lalald tenjos; fejman. 
famish, v. tr.; to supply; to fit out; to 

equip : — ^n&juyu£g. 
furniture, n.; — trastes Jalom gum&. 
furrow, n.: — Joya; joyo; sutco; canat. 
further, adj.; more distant: — chagona; 

mas-chagd; l&^tjanio. 
further, ad}}.; moreover; al80:^mas; 

adem^. 
further, v. tr.; to help forward; to pro- 
mote: — suon; sube; nft-latf^na. 
furthest, adj.; most distant:— y mas- 

chagd; y maa-yamdnana. 
fury, n.; rage; madness: — Arabia, 
fuse, V. %.; to dissolve; to melt: — dirite. 
fuss, n.; unnecessary or irritating activ- 
ity, espedallY in small matters: — 

atboroto; plsato. 
fussy, adj.; making a fuss: — ^n&'^dson; 

g& pUuto; mlmisterio. 
futile, adj.; vain; useless: — sin pro- 

beoho; sin adelanto. 
future, n.:— ma^miimliilft na tiempo 
future, (uf;.;— mft^mttmttilA. 



G. 



gab, n.; idle chatter; loquacity: — 

mefnd. 
gabble, v. %.; to chatter: — g^g^g- 
gain, 71.; profit; advantage: — bentaja. 
gain, n.; victory: — ganansia; guinana. 
gain, V. tr.; to earn; to win; to defeat: — 

gana. 
gale, n.; a strong wind: — Jinigua. 
gall, n.; the bile:— Ulaet; laet. 
gallant, n.; lover; also love affair; 

amour : — gu&iy&y on. 
gallon, n.; a liquid measure: — gal6n. 
gallop, V. t.;— galope. 
gallows, n.; — ^jotca. 
gamble, r. t.; to play for money: — 

Juegon salapd. 
gambler, n.; one who gambles as a 

business: — J6gadot or jqgad6t. 



game, n.; a sport or diversion; fun; 

frolic: — luego: jugando. 
game, aaj., adv.; plucky:— meslSgon 

mfttfttiq^a. 
gamecock, n.: — buscaplaito; m&t&tnga 

na gayo. 
gap, n.; an opening; cleft:— cftc&; gui 

paderdn. 
gape, t?. t.; to open the mouth wide: — 

4ft; dlanj^. 
garage, n.: — garaye. 
garb, n./ a dress: — ftbito. 
garbage, n.: — ^basula. 
garden, n.: — jatdfn; juetto. 
gardener, n.: — jatdiinero. 
gargle, v. tr.: — gfttgaras. 
garuc, n.; — ajos. 
garment, n.; habit: — ftbito; tdnico. 



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gamiflh, v. tr.: to adorn :~xi&-beste. 

garrisoii, n.;— oastiTO. 

garrulous, adj.; verboee:— ga ou- 

xnuentoB. 
garter, n.:— ligas. 
gas, n./ illuminatlDg gas: — gas. 
gasoline, n.; — gasolina. 
gasp, v. i./ tx) cough; to pant: — guja. 
gate, n.; gateway; entrance: — ^tranoa. 
gather, v. tr.; to pluck; to pick off:— 

reooje; tifd. 
gather, v. tr.; to gather the crops; to 

pluck; to collect in he^pe:— Jooa; 

recoje; n&-etnon. 
gathering^ n.; an aaBemblage:— inet- 

non; renicoje. 
gaudT, adj.; showy; vulgarly gay: — 

andt; gatbo. 
gauze, n.; very thin, light, and trans- 
parent silk or cotton ftibric: — gasa. 
gauay, adj.; thin and semitmnsparent; 

like gauze: — calaa-gasa. 
gavel, n.; a small mallet:— masetan 

dfquiaut 
ga;^, (K»., adv.; satisfied; cheerful; de- 

h^tea; jovous; merry:— dibe; dibet- 

tido; m&got. 
gay-colored, adj.y adv.; many-colored: — 

g&icolot; micolot. 
gem, n.; a precious stone :-^-aoho-ni mi 

bale; yema. 
gender, n.v granunatical distinction of 

sex: — jfoero (sinafi^n para u dinis- 

tin]^ cao laje pat palauan, pat ni 

uno). 
general, adj., adv.; public; common: — 

comtin. 
general (officer), n.; — Jener&t. 
generate, v. tr.; to beeeti^Ulis. 
genial, adj., adv.; kindly; sympathetic in 

disposition: — gu^ftao; g& mannae. 
genius, n.; remarkable aptitude for some 

special pursuit; a person possessed of 

extraordinarily high mental powers: — 

tomtum. 
genteel, adj., adv.; fine; handsome; 

fair: — gatbo; bonito. 
gentle, adj.; refined in manner and dis- 
position: — ^manso; fino; suabe. 
gentleness, n.; mildness; meekness: — 

minanso; sini abe. 
gentlemen, n.; a well bred and honor- 
able man:— sefiot; cabayero. 
gentlewoman, n.; a woman of good birth 

and breeding; a lady:— sefiora. 
genuine, adj., adv.; real; unadulter- 
ated:— gasgas; puro; tdimancha. 
geography, n.: — Jeoprafta. 
germ, n.; the rudimentary form of 

organism; origin:— y tinitujon; semiya. 
gesticulate (while speaking), v. %.: — 

compas; cumunpapas. 
get, V. tr.; to obtain; to procure; to win; to 

gain; to acquire:— chuld. 
get, V. tr.; to get something by diving:— 

busea; liufe. 



get angry, v. t.;— lalald; bubu. 

get out of tune (musicial instrument), 

V. tr., V. t.;— destempla. 
gewgaws, n. j^Z.;— chicheria; joguete. 
ghastly, adj.; deathlike; pale:— bdcsion; 

calan-mdtai; deecolorao. 
ghost, n.; spook: — dujendes; f&fftfiagQe; 

plantasma. 
giant, n.; a man of extraordinary stat- 
ure:— Jigante. 
gibber, v. %.; to speak incoherently: — 

ch&tcuentos; ti comprendiyon. 
gibe, n.; to scoff; to taunt; sneering or 

sarcastic expression: — ^mofa, butla. 
giddy, adj., adv.; frivolous; fickle: — 

atmariao; calan bolacho. 
gift, n.; donation: — ^ninfte. 
gift of wisdom:— flnftye na niniie; 



gigantic, adj.; huge; colossal:— d&Sg^ 

culo. 
gilded, adj.; gold-plated; gilt:— dorio. 
gill, n.: — guasa^; atgaya. 
gilt, adj.; gilded:— dor&o. 
ginger, n.;— Jas^ot. 
gingerly, adv.; cautiously; daintily: — 

umrcttcftt; cumfi'c&j&t. 
gird around, v. tr.; to buckle on:— 

dudog. 
girdle, n.; a belt for the waist:— faja. 
girl, n.; a female child: — patgon na 

pal&uan; muchacha. 
girth, n.; circumference: — ^inatrededot; 

y niredondo. 
gist^ n.; the substance of a matter; main 

point; object: — sustansia. 
give. V. tr.; to donate; to turn over; to 

ceae: — ^n4e. 
give advice, v. %.; to give counsel: — 

conseja; chachalane. 
give birth to, v. tr.: to bring forth; to 

bear: — ^faflago. 
give information, v. tr.; to report: — 

n&e notisia. 
give pleasure to, v. tr.; to gladden: — 

nftrmafi:of. 
give satisfaction, v. tr.; to expiate: — 

n&^empas. 
give security or bail, v. %.: to be re- 
sponsible; to warrant: — ix&e prenda; 

ime securidad. 
give the spurs to the horse, v. tr.: — 

n&e espuelas. 



given to anger, adj.; passionate; im- 

:-jfpi • ' - 

tuoso. 



petuous:— j^inalala; jdbubo; impe- 



glad, adj., adv.; contented; joyous: — 

m&gof. 
gladden, v. tr.; to delight:— n&rm&gof. 
gladness, n.; pleasure: — ^minagof. 
gladsome, adj., adv.; joyous; gay; 

pleased ; cheerful : — ^nH'^-magof . 
glamour, n.; fascination: — t&^t&nd; 

fin&b&ba gui nilid. 
glance, v. tr.^ v. %.; to perceive; to see; 

to look:— lid; lil; dtan. 



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gland, n.: — ^moyeja. 

glare, n.; bright and dazzling light: — 

minAlag; finafiilft. 
glarine, oaj.; gaudy; emitting a daz- 
zling light: — Tnftmfllag; Idmlam; mafil- 

fiilll. 
glass, n.: — cristat. 
glass, n.; vessel; receptacle:-— baso. 
^ass baU, n.; glass: — ^birfn. 
gleam, n.; a stream of light: — ^inina. 
glee, n.; gayety; mirth:— min&gof. 
gleeful, adj., adv.; merry; joyous: — 

m&gof. 
glen, n.; a narrow valley: — canat. 
gljjnmerj n.; a faint intermittent light: — 

inintt; ina. 
glimpse J n.; a transient vieW:— ch&tUd; 

enseguidas na in&t&n. 
glisten, r. %.; to shine: — ^mafiilft; lamlam. 
glistening, adj.; casting radiance; shin- 
ing : — Two-fif-Kiift. 
glitter, V. %.; to sparkle with light: — 

mAlag; lamlam. 
gloaming, n.; twilight: — ^lemlemt&otao 
globe, n.; the earth: — globo; y tan6. 
gloom, n.; melancholy; partial darkness; 

obscurity: — lemlemtiotao; tigu^f- 

jomjom; triniste. 
gloomy, adj.f adv.; cheerless; morose: — 

triste; timfigof. 
glorification, n.; — gl6ria; glorifica- 

eion. 
glorious, adj., cw/r.;— glorioso; bicto- 

rioeo. 
glory, n.; splendor; magnificence; re- 
nown; honor: — ^premio; honra. 
glove, n.: — guantes. 
glow, V. I,; to radiate heat and light; 

to shine with intense heat: — flgan. 
glue, V. It.: — colave; cola. 
glutinous, adj., adv.; sticky: — dal^son. 
gnash the teeth, v. £r.;--chegcheg[. 
gnat, v.; insect, allied to the mosqmto, 

but smaller: — s&gamai. 
gnaw, V, tr.; to bite or pierce with the 

teeth:— &C&. 
gnaw, V. %.; nibble; to destroy by gnaw- 
ing; to corrode: — catne. 
go, I'. Ir.; to go to: — tSkUig; janao. 
go afoot, V. %.; to walk: — ^mam.ocat. 
go ahead I interj.; forward I — f6fdnal 

san mdna! sigue! 
go astray, v. tr.; to be lost; to go to the 

bad; to disappear; to lose: — lib&g; 

folifigo. 
go away, v. %.; to depart; to run away: — 

f&pos; difigo. 
go away, v. %.; to leave; to go: — janau, 

or: janao. 
go in, V. i.:— Jalum. 
go on ahead, v. %.: — ^fdna. 
go on, V. I.; to tread; to step: — ^fam.egud; 

famocat. 
go outj V. %.; to go out from: — juvulSg. 
go, v. %.; to move; to walk; to aepart: — 

fam.ocat; sigue. 
go through, V. tr.; to traverse; to run 
through :— &dotgan. 



go through, V. i.;— Jan&fftte; f&p<56gae. 

go to school: — ^fan-escuela. 

goat, n.;^^shiba. 

god, n.; the Lord:— Yilus. 

godfather, n.;— patlino. 

godmother, n.: — ^matlina. 

goiter, n.; tumor on the neck: — ^buohi. 

gold, n.: — oro. 

golf, n.;— un dasen juegon bola: golf. 

gone, adj.; ruined; wet: — ^maliiq^; 

jocog. 
good I (vernacular for all right), adv.: — 

m6uleffl 
good, aaj., adv.; decent; virtuous: — 

m&oleg. 
good fortune, n.; — afottunao; suette. 
good hunting ground, n.V — ^fa^ttjli- 

tftn; maules na fa^j&t&n. 
good, adj., aav.; kinanearted; benign: — 

m&as6. 
goodness, n.; mercy; compassion: — 

min&as6. 
goodness, n.: — ^min&oleg. 
good will, n.; — ^boluntaa. 
good Frioay, n.: — ^betnlsanto. 
goose, n.; — eanso. 
gorgeous, aaj., adv.; splendid; showy: — 

gatbo. 
Gospel, n.; — ^Bbanj^lio. 
gossip, n.; narration: — chinchuld; chin- 

chull; cuentos. 
gossip, V. X.; to have entertainment: — 

ouentos. 
gossip, n.; tattler: — ^mefnd. 
goulaii^, n.; stew: — quinado. 
gouty, adj., adv.; having the gout:— 

batdao. 
govern, v. tr.; to manage: — ^gobietna. 
govern, v. tr., v. %.; to rule; to domi- 
nate:— domioa; migase. 
government, n.; state: — gobietno. 
governor, n.; magistrate: — ^magftlaje. 
gown, n.; a woman's outer garment: — 

bestido. 
grace, n.; favor; kindness: — gr6sia. 
graceful, adj., adv.; charming; pretty: — 

gu6fp&go; bonita; guaiyayon. 
gnusious, adj., adv.; anable: — ^y6as4; 

maplft; carifiosa: carifioso. 
grade, n.; step; aepee: — grade, 
grade, n.; rise or descent of a roadway 

or railroad: — grado. 
gradual, adj., adv.; by degteeB; step by 

step : — adosaididt. 
grain, n.: — grano. 

grains of com, n. pi.: — granon m&ies. 
grammar, n.; principles of the correct 

use of a language: — gram&tioa. 
granary, n.; fruit house: — cranero. 
grand, adj.; illustrious; high in dignity 
I or power: — tagajld. 
I grandchild, n.: — ^nieto. 
I grandfather, n.; grandmother: — guelo; 

guela. 
I granite, n.; — alutofg. 
j grant, v. tr.; to give or confer: — ix&e, 
1 grimes, n. pi.: — ^ubas. 



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grapple, v. i.; to contend in close fight: — 
mumon um&guot. 

grasp, V. tr.j v. %.; to catch up with; to 
attain; to reach; to aeize (with the 
hand):— agara; g&chA; tacft. 

grass, n.;— ^h&''guan. 

grasshopper, n.; — apach&. 

grateful, adj., adv.; sympathizing; thank- 
ful: — ^magaoxn jinaluzn; agradosido. 

gratify, v. tr.; to delight; to afford 
pleasure to:— n&-m&gof. 

gmting, n.; lattice; trellis; lattice- 
work: — ^rejas. 

gratis^ adv.; in vain; gratuitously; for 
nothing: — ^balde; debalde; batde; de- 
batde. 

gratitude, n.; thanks; reward; acknowl- 
edgment; recompense: — agradesi- 
miento; inagradese. 

gratuitously, adv.: — sen-m&gof. 

grave, adj.^ adv.; serious; sedate; sobef; 
earnest : — ^f o tmat. 

grave, n.; place of interment: — ^naftan. 

grave (with a chisel), v. tr.; to mark: — 
matca. 

gravel, n.; fragments of rock coarser than 
sand: — oasoajo. 

gravity, n.; weight; importance; serious- 
ness : — ^m^i&cat. 

gravy, n./ the fatty juice from roasting 
flesh:— cado. 

gray, adj.: — graidso; uffis. 

gray-bearded, adj.: — cnulSgui batbas. 

gray (hair), adj: — ohutigue. 

graze, v. tr.: — ^nae paste. 

graze, v. %.: — ^pasto. 

grease, v. tr.; to smear: — daligse; pdlae. 

greasy, adj., adv.; fat: — exnplea; man- 
tica. 

great-grandchild, n.; — bis-nieto. 

great-grandson, n.: — ^bis-nieto. 

greatness, n.; size:— y minedulSg. 

greaves of bacon, n.; — dh&^chSlon. 

greed, n.; avarice; greediness: — 
]eni!^an; jinen£g[an. 

greediness, n.; desire: — ttUUft; dinesea; 
codfsia. 

greedy, adj., adv.; ravenous; voracious: — 
ciigno; goloso. 

green, aaj.; unripe; uncooked: — gftd&; 
matA. 

green (color), of;.;— betde. 

green turtle, n.;— jagan betde. 

green vegetation (covering still 
waters)— lumot catdeniyo. 

greet, v. tr.; to salute: — saluda. 

grief, n.; mental pain; anguish: — ^pinite. 

grievance, n.; a sense oi wrong or op- 
pression : — ^pinadese. 

gnevey v. i.; to lament; to bemoan: — 
Hai. 

grim, adj. J adv.; st^rn; unyielding: — 
mesfi^n. 

grin, V. %.; to smile broadly: — chumaleg. 

grind, v. tr.; to pulverize or reduce to 
powder by friction: — gulig; molino; 
tutu. 



grind, v. tr.; to grind grain: — guleg; 

gulig. 
grindstone, n.; whetstone: — guasaon; 

metate; moyong. 
grip, n.; a grasp with the hand: — 

minantiene; guiniot. 
grip. V. tr.; to catch; to seize: — gOte; 

jacot. 
grip with the fist, v. tr.; to make a fist : — 

Squijom. 
gripe, V. tr., V. i.; to catch: — gancho. 
gripes, n.; colic :^uten chs^hag. 
gristmiQ, n.; — ^molino. 
grit, n.; pluck; courage: — ^minHtlltiSg^a; 

min&Vigb. 
groan, v. i.; to lament: — ^ugong; umu- 



grocery, n.: — tenda; sagan benta. 
groove, n.; a furrow cut by a tool: — 

gttinftdog. 
grope, V. %.; to feel one's way in the dark; 

to seek blindly:— t&tacft. 
gross, adj., adv.; coarse; rude: — mam- 

pos. 
ground, n.; land; estate: — odft; tand. 
group, n.; societ}r; assembly: — ^inetnon. 
grow, v. %.; to increase in stature; to 

thrive; to flourish:— docd. 
growl, v. %.; to grumble:— gof^goi^. 
growler, n.; gnmibler: — ^go^go^; 

gufgofiggofi]^. 
growth, n.; increase; prcM;res8: — dinecd. 
grub, V. tr.; to root out of the ground; to 

dig up:— Jald; gu&je. 
grudging, adj., adv.; envious; jealous: — 

ec^; latga; embidiosa. 
grud, n.; oatmeal: — atxna^ras. 
gruesome, adj., adv.; horrible of aspect; 

inspiring gloom or horror: — nlk mft^fiao; 

jomjom. 
grumbling, adj.; peevish: — mJicHt mE- 

tafla; ti mes^n. 
grunt, V. %.:^^oeog. 
guarantee, v. tr.; to insure; to secure; to 

warrant : — asegura. 
guarantor, n.; surety: — Aad6t. 
guard, n.; watchman; post:— gu&tdia; 

y mamdmulan. 
guard, V. tr.; to shelter; to defend; to 

protect: — ampcura; g6g(le. 
guardian, n.; protector; defender: — 

gufgogtte. 
guess, V. tr.; to find by conjecture:— 

adibina; jaso. 
guest, n.; invited person:— conbidao. 
guidance, n.; direction: — dl-dirije. 
guide, V. tr.; to brinjg: — gufa. 
guide, V. tr.; to direct; to manage; to 

regulate; to lead; to instruct: — chacha- 

lane; dirije. 
guilt, n.; crime; sin: — fsau; Isao. 
guiltless, adj.: — t&i isau. 
guilty, adj.; blamable: — culpable; fsau. 
guitar, n.: — guitala. 
gulf, n.; hell; abyss:— sasalUguan; 

tindifondo. 



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guU, n.; Bea gull: — ^pajaron y oriyan 
tasi pat y tasi. 

goUible, cujh.; capable of being easily de- 
ceived : — ^fab&bayon. 

S^uUy, n.; narrow ravine:— canat. 

^p, n.; draft; swallow:— in^d; 66. 

gma arable, n.;— goman arabia. 

g-umption, n.; common sense: — gfii 
B^xisia; s6nsia comun. 

gtuns, n.; — ^pfiladat. 



gun, n.: paque. 

gunboat, n.: — ^batcon oafLon; cafionero. 

gunner, n.: — caAonero. 

guxmowder, n.;— p6tbola, 

guan, n.; a sudden and violent flow of 

liquid from an inclosed space: — 

mlnil&g; milS^. 
gut, V. tr.; to eviscerate: — destilipaa. 
gutter, n.; channel for carrying away 

water : — ^mactan. 



habit, n.; custom: — penl£|p&; costumbre; 
bisio. 

habit, n.; garment: — &bito. 

habitation, n.: — apoaento; fansagayan. 

habituate, v. tr.; to accustom; to in- 
ure: — saga^e; acoetumbra; na payon. 

habitual, adj.^ adv.: — ^man&payon. 

haggard, adj.; worn and anxious in 
appearance; lean and hollow-eyed: — 
matan malafigo; jechuran fialafig; 
debit. 

hail, n.: — graniao. 

hair, n.: — ^pulo. 

hair on the head, n.;— gaput ulo. 

hairy, adj.; wooly: — meplo; peludo. 

hale, adj.; sound bodily; healthy: — 
timalajSg:o; Md.; buen saldd. 

half, n.: — ^laziiit6; emp^. 

half, n.; mean; middle: — ^m^dio. 

half, adv.: — ^mevo; m^o; emp^. 

half shoe, n.; low shoe: — ^botm. 

hall, n.; — sala; sal6n. 

hall, n.; courtyard: — ^p&tio. 

ham, n.; — ^janxon. 

hammer, n.: — ^mattiyo. 

h€kmmock, n.; — amaca. 

hand, n.: — clbiai. 

handcuffs, n.: — griyete. 

handkerchief, n.: — ^pafLo. 

handle, n.; — togpol^. 

handle, v. tr.; to use: — ^manea. 

handle, n.; hook; ring; ear: — dllili^. 

handsome, adj.^ adv.; pretty; neat; 
nice: — dudus; gatbo. 

handwritinjB^, n.: — tinigul-clmai. 

handy, adj., adv.; dexterous; agile; 
nimble : — ^macalamjra. 

hang back, v. i.; to hesitate: — ^n&^tftte. 

hang up, V. tr.; to suspend: — cfin4; 
fi&c&. 

hang, n.: — ^macanft. 

hangman, n.; executioner: — ^betdueo. 

haply, adv. conj.; j^erhaps; may be; by 

Kcnance: — stfiaj&; iufigguan; pu6dej&. 

happen, v. %.; to befall: — susede. 

happening, n.; event; occurrence: — 
sinesede. 

happiness, n.; bliss: — felisldad; mina- 
gof. 

happy, adj., adv.; prosperous; auspicious; 
fortunate; wealtny; opulent; lucky: — 
aflottunao; afottunao; fells. 

hard (head, word, etc.), adj., adv.; stub- 
bom; perverse: — at&gtUg; ch&t-ilo. 



hard, adj., adv.; firm; fast; strong: — 

fitme; majetog. 
hard, adj., adv.; energetic,' strong: — 

metgot. 
harden, v. ^r.;^n&^maJetog. 
hardly, adv.; scarcely; almost not; but 

just: — apenas; ^calag. 
hardness, n.; severity: — minefiero. 
harm, n.; disadvantage; loss: — ^petjulsio. 
harni^ n.; hurt; injury; damage:— d&£Lo; 

puti. 
harmful, adj.; injurious: — n& lamen; 

n& puti. 
harmonium, n.; oigan: — atm6nio. 
harness, v. tr.; to harness a horse: — 

guatnision. 
harp, n.: — a^a. 
harpoon, n.:— 1atp6n. 
harsh, adj., ado.; grumbling; stubborn; 

obstinate : ^bronco; malamafia; 

mufiero. 
harvest, n.; — oosecha; jineca; y quindcd 
harvest, v. tr.; to reap; to gamer in: — 

cdcd. 
harvester, n.; harvest gatherer: — 

quicdcd. 
haste, n.; celerity; speed: — pinal&lala; 

ch&aeg. 
hasten, v. tr.; to move quicker: — 

alula; alulaye. 
hasty, adj., adv.; precipitate; rash: — 

inaltilula. 
hat, n.; — tujo£^. 
hatchet, n.; pickax; mattock; hoe: — 

jaohita; sacapico; asada. 
hate, V. tr.; to abhor: — ohatlamen; 

chatlil. 
hated, adj., adv.; hateful; abhorred; 

detestable; odious: — ^machat-&^tan; 

machatlit: machat-lamen. 
hateful, adj., adv.; disagreeable; repug- 
nant: — ch&tp&go; ti guaiyavon. 
hatred, n.; aversion; hostility: — 

ohinatlil. 
hauffhty, adj. adv.; proud and disdain- 
ful: — ^banidoso; mamft-mdmftgas. 
haunch, n.; loins; hip: — ^lomo. 
have, V. tr.; to have: — gfii; guaja. 
have couraffe I — glii anlmo I 
haven, n.; place of shelter and safety: — 

fansagayan seguro; puettan seguro. 
hawk, V. %.; to hem; to clear the throat 

audibly : — oacag. 
haze, n.; slight fog or mist: — ^tdtbio. 



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he, <yr she, -pnm.: — ^uiya. 
head, n.;— ulo. 
head, n.; foreman: — cabeaa. 
head of th» dietrict, n.; difltrict over- 
seer: — cabesa de barangai; cabesiyo. 
headrest, n.; pillow (ancient, consisting 

of a short piece of wood): — ^barote. 
headstrong, acfj.; mulish; stubborn: — 

xnaii-atixxa. 
heal, V, tr.: — amte: n&-jomlo. 
health, n.; conoition of health: — 

Jinemlo; saltid. 
healthy, adj.;— l&lft; brabo. 
heap, n.; — ^montdn. 
heap up, V. tr.: — ^ii&-etiion; n&-boc&. 
hear, v. tr., v. %.; to listen: — JulSgog. 
hearing (the sense of hearing), n.; — 

xnan^ifi^g. 
heart, n.;-~ooras6n. 
heart, n.; the inner man; the soul:— 

JiniUum. 
hearth, n.; baking oven; oven: — ^fogon; 

jotno. 
hearty; adj., adv.; cordial; sincere: — 

fL6t. 
heat, n.; warmth:— mfiipe. 
heat. V. tr.; to warm:— nAm&ipe. 
heatnen, n.; pagan:— pagano. 
heaven, n.; — ^tam^t. 
heavy, adj., aJb.; difficult:— mi&o&t; 

m&pot. 
hedge, n.; fence of bushes or shrubs: — 

eolat ch&^goan. 
heed, v. tr.; to regard with care; to pay 

careful attention:— ^cntfgoog. 
heedlessness, n.; cardessness; reckless- 
ness: — desouida. 
heeL n.:— d^dego; tacon. 
heignt, n.; altitude; elevation:— linee&. 
heir, n.;— heredero. 
hell, n.; abyss; gtilf :— tinfiifondo; sasald- 

guan; innetno. 
helm, n.; rudder: — tini6n. 
helmet, n.; — ^yelmo. 
help, n.; aid; support; assistance: — 

mantiene. 
helpf V. i.; to aid; to be of service; to 

assist: — ayuda. 
help, V. tr.; to assist; to succor; to 

remedy:— asiste. 
helpless, adj., adv.; unwieldy; awkward; 

clumsy: — ^ftama. 
hem, n.; the edge of a garment:— 

oostura. 
hemp, n.; — c&ftamo. 
hen, n.; female of the domestic fowl: — 

ponudera. 
hence, adv.; in consequence of this: — 

ayo nai. 
henceforth, adv.; for the future : — ^mdna; 

p&r& mdna. 
herd, n.; flock; mass: — manadan. 
herder, n.:— past6t. 
here, adv.; in this place: — este; gdine. 
here, adv.; to this place: — gttine. 
here I interj.; see!— 6staA:(9 1 
herein, adv.; in this:— gai'-giiine. 
heresy, n.:— herejia. 



heretic, n.;— hereje. 

heretofore, {uft;.; previously ; hitherto: — 

j&gasja; jasta pfigo. 
hermit, n.; — etmltano. 
heron, n.;— chuchucd. 
hero, n.; a man of distinguished cour- 
age: — infttftt^a; gdnadot. 
he^tate, v. %.; to doubt; to question: — 

duda. 
hesitate, v. %.; to loiter; to linger; to 

tarry; to be slow; to be tardy; to hang 

back: — um-abmam; fiating; mam&ta- 

tate. 
hide, n.; leather:— cuero; lasas. 
hide, V. %.; to hide or conosal one's self: — 

atog. 
hide, V. tr.; to hide something: — nlknk. 
hide, V. tr.; to conceal; to keep secret; to 

dissemble; to feign: — disimula; nft- 

atog; n&-lijing. 
hide, V. tr,; to disguise: — ^lipa. 
hiding place, n.: — ^fanatuj^an; atog. 
high, adj., adv.; prominent :-hLocA; 

mdgas. 
high embankment, n.; stormy sea:— 

ch&uchau. 
highroad, n.;— carera. 
hifi, n.; mountain; mountain top; elevar 

tion: — ogsd; bocft. 
hilly, adj.: — mf^gsd. 
hind quarter, n.; loins (of animals): — 

pietna; ancas. 
hinder, v. tr.; to obstruct: to impjede; to 

prevent: — dioma; estotoa; impide. 
hindrance, n.; impediment; obstruction; 

obstacle : — estotoo. 
hinge, n.; joint:— bisagra; coyimtura. 
hip, n.; haunch; loins: — caderas; lomo; 

fianggo. 
hip bone, n.:— tdla£|: caderas. 
hiss, V. %.; hissing of frying fat: — ^besbes; 

deedes. 
history, n.; l^end :— ist6ria; hist6cia. :— 
hit, V. tr.; to hit in the neck or on the back 

of the head: — cocote. 
hit upon, V. tr.; to meet; to find: — 

diinche. 
hither, adv.; to this place:— gUlne 

magui;este magui. 
hither, adv.; this way:— magui; chult 

magui; gtdne magui. 
hoard, v. tr.; to collect and lay up:— 

manftd&je; num&^safigue; man recoje. 
hoarded, p. p.; piled up; amassed; cumu- 
lated: — abuttao. 
hoarse, adj., oiv.:- ttfft^gao; ^ealau; 

losus; £^tffiot. 
hoe, n.; curved hoe: — asuela. 
hoe, n.; mattock; pickax; hatdiet: — 

asada. 
hog, n.; swine: — b&bui; bdbue. 
hofifpen, n.; chiquero; chiqueron-b&bue. 
ho&t, v. tr. , 'to Ufe or raise with tackle; 

to heave: — Jatsa; jala juld. 
hold, t;. tr.; to grasp and keep in the 

hand : — ^mantiene. 
hold back, v. tr.; to divide off :— ohofe; 

pdlo-palo. 



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hold back, v. tr.; to keep:— detiene. 
hold fast, V. tr.; to take; to seize; to 

fasten; to pack:— gaot. 
hold within, v. tr.; ulat; siniye. 
hole, n.; aperture; opening; cavity; 

abettura; madog; fi]|uld. 
holiday, n.; a day of feedom from labor 

in celebration of some event: — ^j&andn 

ffupot. 
hcmow, adj.; empty (a fruit without 

sap):— bdubau. 
hollow, adi.;— lAyog; finAdio. 
hollow, adj., adv.; vacant within; empty: 

fiileco. 
hollow out, V. tr.; to enlarge (the house); 

to add a roomr— na-^eoo; naye un 

OTICO. 

hollow chisel, n.; — gtibia. 
holy f adj.; sacred:— Menabenturado. 
holy water, n..*— agua bendita. 
Hofy Landyti.; Palestine:— Tiera Saa- 

tiS Palestina. 
Holy Spirit, n.; God: the third person 

of the Trinity:— Santo Bspfrito; 

Ydus; y mina tres na petsona gui 

Triniddd. 
homage, n.; deference;^ reverence: — 

reberensia. 
homage, v. tr.; to do homage to; to 

honor: — ^fatpai: honra; onra. 
home, n.; lana; piece of ground: — 

tand. 
hone, n.; whetstone:— guasaon find, 
honesty, n.; probity:— tininas. 
honey, n.; sirup:— atnibat; mi^t. 
honeycomb, n.; cake:— pafi&t; chon- 

chon-mi^t. 
honor, v. ^.;— lionra. 
honorable, at^., adv.; decent; modest: — 

honesto; modesto; respetavon. 
hood, n.; woman's cap; cowl; cape: — 

bolante; capiya. 
hoof, n.:— pl^aques gftgft. 
hook, n.; curved piece of metal, bone, 

etc., to hold or catch sometiung:— 

gancho. 
hook, n.; boat hook: — gancho; ganchon- 



hoop, n.; a metal or wooden band to 
hold together the staves of a cask:— 
stmcho. 

hope, n.; anticipation; confidence: — 
desea; oinafig^. 

hope. V. tr., v. %.; to expect; to await; 
to look for:— nftnatffcga. 

hopeless, adj., adv.; desperate: — des- 
esperao; tai mn4]^Ega. 

hoiison, n.; the line where the eky and 
earth, or sea, appear to meet; the 
limit of one's mental vision: — canton 
latf^t. 

horn (of an animal), n.;— catfg^guelon; 
can|^*elon. 

horn, n.; trumpet: — ootneta. 

horrible, adj., adv.; dreadful; impres- 
sive :— ^nl^maifLau. 

horrid, adj., adv.; dreadful: terrible; 
hideous:- ti atttnon; gof cn^tpftgo. 



hoxTor, n.; extreme dread:— lujan 
horse, n.;— cabayo. 
horseman, n.; gentleman: — oabayero. 
hose, n.; rubber hose; canvas hose (for 

conveying water): — telipas goma 

(para janum). 
hospital, n.;— Jospitat; ospitat. 
host, n.; army:— milisia; ej^taito. 
host, n.; one who entertains anotaer: — 

y g&iguipot; y ma^nbfbida. 
hostelry, n.; inn; lodging house:— 

gumAfaJJodnyan, 
hostess, n. — gaigupot na palfaan; 

paliuan n! gai^pot. 
hostile, adj.; inimical; adverse; repug- 

nant:-T-contr&rio. 
hot, adj., adv.; fiery; passionate: — 

mlupe. 
hour, n.; — ora. 
house, n.; — gomft. 
household effects, n.: — gUinajan 

gum&. 
house furnishings, n.;— trastes. 
hovel, n.; hut; cabin: — gum& dfquiaul. 
how, adv.; in what manner? to ^at 

degree or extent? for what reason? — 

Jafa taimanoP 8& jafa? 
however, adv.; meanwhile: — entre- 

tanto. 
howP what sort of?— jaf taimanoP 

taimano? 
how manyP how much?— cuantoP 
howl^ n.; the howl of a dog:— j6u-Jau; 

catm g&lago. 
howl, V. L; to bark; to bellow:— J&ujau; 

agafig. 
hug, n.; close embrace: — togtoe. 
huge, adj., adv.; very large:— gof d&iig:- 

culo. 
hull, n.; the body or frame of a ship: — 

quiya. 
hum, n.; the noise of bees and other 

insects in fii^t:— binbhi; befigbe£B[. 
hum, v. ^ ; to hum a song:— uoO; lalae. 
human, ac{;., n,; characteristic of man 

or mankind:— jedtiuran t&otao. 
humane, adj., adv.; benevolent; kind: — 

y6as6: ydaad. 
humanity, n.; mankind:— Jechuran 

t6otao; umanid&d. 
humble, adj,, adv.; low; lowly: — ebaba. 
humble, adj,, adv.; submissive; meek: — 

humitde; manso. 
humble, v. tr., v. %.; to humble one's self :— 

dole; umiya. 
humbug, n.; fraud; sham; impostor:— 

pfcaro; f^bftb&. 
humid^ acfj.; damp; moist.'— tkmido; 

humido. 
humiliate, v. tr.;-4iumiya; umiya. 
humility, n.;— umitd&t; inimitde. 
humorous, adj.; comical:— n&^chaleg. 
humorsome, adj., adv.; capricious: — 

capridhoso; chicnul^. 
hump, n.; humpbadc:— bado. 
htmdred, n.: — si^n. 
hunger, n..*— nifi3Ua£g. 



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hunty V, tr.; to porsue game:~^ajat; 
cumajat. 

hurrah I tnt^.:— bibal 

hurry, v. %.: — pinalala. 

hurry, v. %.; to hurry in a certain direc- 
tion:— gti4guato. 

hurt, V, tr,; to damage; to wound:— 
nftrfafietxLot; chetnot; fafietnot. 

hurt, V, tr.; to grieve .*-4aet. 

hurt, n.; harm; injury; damage:— daAo. 

hurtfuL adj., aav,; injurious; detri- 
mental: — daAoso. 

husband, n.: — esposa. 



husk, n.; crust; skin; rind:— 4a8a8. 

husk (cotton), v. tr.: — esoatmina. 

hustle, V. i., to exhibit energy and alac- 
rity:— nA-ohadeg; alula. 

huty- n.; — ^lanoho; rancho. 

hut, n.; a very small hut:— Anagoi^; 
sadd^gane. 

hymn, n.; song of praise: — goso. 

hypodrlsy, n.:— jipooresia. 

hypocrite, n.; dissembler:— oadd ni6* 
m&m4uleg; jip<5crito. 

hysteria, n.; nervous paroxysm of 
laughter or weeping:— Jist^ria. 



I. 



I, pron.:— yd (me); guajo. 

ice, n.:— flds; lelo. 

ice plant, n.; ice manufactory:— fab- 

ricanais. 
idea, n.; a mental image or picture; 

belief; plan:— idea; jinaso; pensa- 

miento. 
ideal, adj.; visionary; perfect:— petfecto; 

s6ngiiiya. 
iden^cal, adj., adv.; the same; differing 

in no essential point:— parejo; pi- 

narejo; lo mismo. 
identity, v. tr.; to make, prove to be, 

or consider as, the same:— identifica; 

jasuye cau gtUya. 
idiom, n.; the distinctive characteristic 

of a language:— idioma. 
idiot, n.; one of weak intellect; a foolish 

person: — sonso; caduco; tonto; n^sio. 
idxe^adj.; unoccupied:— desocupao; pe- 

resoso; gftgd; t4i bida; osioso. 
idleness, n.;— gruinftgd; tAi chdchd; 

osiosidad. 
idler, n.; sluggard; good-for-nothing fel- 
low; loafer:— embelequero; gftgd; gft- 

lumioya. 
idol, n.:— idolo. 
idolatry, n.:— idolatria; y man adodora 

idolo. 
if, conj.; on the condition; supposing that; 

whether; although:— toguin; yan- 

guin. 
ignite, v. tr.; to set on fire:— totfig^ue; 

nftrfafiilA; sofiggue. 
ignorance, n.: — ^igndransia; tin&iti- 

ni^d; tdi jinaao. 
ignorant, adj.: — t&i Jinaso; ti ma- 

ill, adj.f adv.; bad or evil; sick; diseased; 

not friendly:— baba; manetnot; ti 

mduleg. 
ill-bred, adj.; rude; uncivil; imperti- 
nent:— impettinente; nA^'dson; mal- 

criao. 
ill-disposed, adj.; evil-minded: — ^mal in- 

tennonao. 
illegitimate, od;.:- Uegftimo; contr&- 

rion lay titunas. 
ai humoredj v, %.; to be ill humored ; to be 

disgruntlea: — ^muyd; mal-hum6t; nft- 

tdiminagof. 



illuminate, v. tr.; enlighten; to light 
110 : — aolara; ina; n&fanungd. 
illumination, n.:^lemunayas; inina. 
ill wUl, n.; vexation; anger: — esc&n- 

dalo. 
iax&ge, n.; picture: — ^imajen. 
imagination, n.; a conception or idea; 

fancy: — ^pot nina sinan guinen y 

Jinaso imajinasidn. 
imap^e, v. tr.^ v. %.; to conjecture; to 

think; to reflect upon: — ^Jaso; jasuye; 

supone; imajina. 
imbeoUe, adj.; feeble-minded; idiotic: — 

&^duco; n&do; &^tamos. 
imbibe, v. tr., v. %.; to drink: — guimen; 

chopchop. 
imitate, v. tr.; to follow; to stick to some 

one: — dft'lSlftg; dalalaque; eyag; tat- 

tiye. 
imitation, n.; education:— in-eyag; 

dinaO&mg. 
immaterial, adj.; unessential: — ti prin- 

sip&t; ti nese^rio; ti guft^'ilaye. 
imxnature, adj., adv.; not ripe; not fully 

grown or developed; crude: — ^mat&; 

chitmasa; ti sdsacan. 
immeasurable, adj., adv.; immense; 

vast; limitless: — ^taichi. 
immediately, adv.: — enseguidas; 

p&^gojft. 
immediately I tnteT^.:— gUsistjA I 
immediately thereafter, adv.:— 

ti-abman. 
immense, adj., adv.; heavy; large: — sen 

d&fficulo; tamafio. 
immoderate, adj., adv.; extravagant; in- 
temperate:— t&imoderasi6n; desareg- 

lao. 
immoderation; n.; intemperance: — 

gula; sin medida. 
immortal, adj.; imperishable; not sub- 
ject to death:— t&iAnatal; immott^t. 
immovable, adj., adv.; fixed; unchang- 
ing: — ^t&icalamten; fijo; fitme. 
impair, v. tr.; to prejudice; to do 

<&mage:— acacha; petjudica; inacacha; 
I nft-dafio. 

! impart, v. tr.j v. %.; to bestow a share or 
I portion ; to give :— pattiye; fdcae ; patte ; 
I nde. 



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in^tartial. adj., adv,; free from partiality; 
unpr^uoiced; fair; just:— lusto; gas- 
gas; taipinetjudica; taiinteres. 

impassame, adj., adv.; not admitting 
passage: — ^ti faafftpttsan; ti fanlalo- 
{anan; tinii ftdoftm. 

ixnpatienoey n.;— tiiUUainilSg^on; tenjos; 
tmenjos. 

impatienty adj.: — tenjos; t^ipas^nsia; 

iznpeoanfous, adj,; without money; 
poor: — t&iBalapd: poble; nesesitao. 

impedey v. tr.; to hinder; to obstruct: — 
oioinft; estotba; impide. 

impediments n.; obstruction: obstacle; 
hmdrance:^-estotbo; impeaimento. 

inyenetrable, (ufj.:--chom6hom.; ti 
jatmiyon; ti tacaon; ti tu^guon. 

impenitence, n.: — ti minafLotBot; t^- 
smetsot; ti mfllfiotsot. 

impenitmt, adj.: — ti mafiotsot; t^- 
sinetsot. 

imperative, adj.j adv.; peremptory; obli- 
gatory: — obliga; ti abitayon; tagd; 
manda. 

imperceptible, adj., adv.; not easily 
apprehended by the mind: — tililon. 

imperfect, adj., adv.; incomplete: — ti 
cabalee; ti petiecto. 

imperil, v. tr.; to put in peril; to put in 
danger; to endanger; to jeoparoize: — 
aiieeea; pdlo gui x)eligro. 

imperi^iabieu adj.; indestructible; not 
subject to decay; permanent; perma- 
nently enduring:— tftifin&tai; t^put- 
lilo; t&inilamas. 

in^tertinence, n.; forwardness; rude- 
ness: — ^impettinenaia; tdisetbe; para 
nu m4 dson. 

impertinent, adj.; rude:— imp etti- 
nente; n&^deon. 

imperturbable, adj., adv.; not easily 
msturbed or agitated; cool; calm: — 
meton; ti estotoayon. 

inmervious, adj.; Impenetrable: — 
cnomchom; ^laon. 

impetuous, adj., adv.; irritable; effer- 
vescent; violent; vehement; boisterous; 
passionate; given to anger: — ^im- 
petuoso; fejman; fijom; j&bubo; j^pi- 
nalala; arebatao. 

impious, adj., adv.; irreligious; wicked: — 

grofana; contra y lay Yuus; t^ re- 
jion. 
implement, n.; tool; utensil: — ^jera- 

mienta; trastes. 
imply, V. tr.; to mean* to insinuate: — 

mal&gd na u sang^an; para ma 

significa. 
impolite, adj., adv.; wanting in good 

manners; boorish; coarse: — desatento; 

tdiatensidn; broncoj impoUtico. 
import, V. tr.; to brmg into a country 

from abroad: — guinen otro tand; 

impotta. 
important; it is important; it is 

necessary; it is fitting: — conbiene; 

neses^rio; mi ma atan. 

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important, adj., adv.; principal:— 
prinsipat. 

importune, v. tr.; to molest: — n&- 
<m6tsaga; potfia. 

in^tose, v. tr,; to place upon (example: 
to impose punishment): — impone; 
catgaye; obliga na u catea. 

imposition* n.; trick; fraud; decep- 
tion:— fin&biibii; inacacha; traisi6n; 
engafio. 

impossible, ad;.:— ti sifia; chitsaga; 
cnaot; chachaot. 

impoverish, v. tr.; to make poor; to re- 
duce to poverty: — ^n&-mengua; n&- 
poble. 

impracticable, adj.; impossible; prohib- 
ited: — ehaot; chi&chaot. 

impressive, adj., adv.; horrible; dread- 
mi : — ^n&^mauiau. 

imprint, v. %.; to impress (into one's 
heart): — ^nft-chetoxi; matca pat sefiala. 

imprison, v. tr.; to incarcerate; to lock 
in: — ^po^le; preeo; pdlo gui catset. 

improbable, adj., adv.; unlikely; not to 
be expected: — ti nangayun; ti pro- 
bable; cala^g ti magajet. 

improper, adj., adi;.;not suitable for the 
purpose; erroneous: — ti propio; ti guef 
gfliya; ti dinanche. 

improve^ v. %.; to advance; to better 
one's cixcumstances; to make progress; 
to prosper; to thrive: — adelanta; ade- 
lantao; na lat f^na; lum&mauleg; ma 
mejora. 

improve, v. tr.; to make good an asser- 
tion; to give one credit: to bail; to 
insure: — apase; abona; namagajet; n&- 
l&mauleg. 

improvement, n.; — nin&niauleg; fin&- 
mduleg; inadelanta; sinibe. 

imprudence, n.; carelessness of conse- 
quences: — ti y6daje; imprud^nsia. 

imprudent, aaj.; unwise:— d^tinilSgo; 
ti tomtom. 

impudent, adj., adv.; offensively for- 
ward; intentionally disrespectful: — 
atrebido; Ui respeto; descarao. 

impunity, n.; fre^om from punish^ 
ment, injury, or loss: — ^Lnasti; nires- 
cata; nina hbre. 

impure, adj., adv.; unclean; dirty:— 
a^pl&ch&; cuchinada; &bald. 

impurity, n.: — ^in-&bal6; iniplachft; 
cuchiiuwia. 

in, prep., adv.; within; inside: — Jalom; 
san jalom; dentro. 

inadvertent, adj., adv.; heedless; care- 
lees; imconscious:— descuidao; t^tna- 
daje; ti y6daje. 

inanimate, adj.; lifeless; dead; spiiit- 
less:- m&tai; ti 1£1&1&; taija&ne; t^- 
jinagofifr. 

inattentive, adj., adv.; careless; inad- 
vertent: — cUULa; tdiatensi6n; tiitna- 
daje; ti y6daje. 

inattentive, adj., adv.; irreverent; dis- 
respectful; rude; coarse; rough:— 
desatento; bronco; bruto; t^irespeto. 



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inaarurate, v. tr,; to establish; to in- 
troduce; to arrange: — establese; 
aregla; fotma; dedica. 

incapacitate, v. tr.; to render unfit or 
incapable; to disable:— ti Btuniila; 
tumaifuetsa; chitsaga; ti capas. 

in case; should it happen tnat: — ^yan- 

incentive, n.; reason; motive: — ^motibo; 
rason. 

inch, n.; one- twelfth of a foot: — 
putgada. 

incident, n.; occurrence; event; happen- 
ing: — sinesede; caso. 

incite, v. tr.; to admonish; to stimu- 
late: — cucft. 

incite, v. tr.; to incite rebellion:— n4- 
JatBamiento. 

inclination, n.; appetite; desire; liking; 
will: — ganas; Ic^log; minalftgd. 

incline, v. tr.; to bend down; to take 
down; to tilt: — baja; dilog; tecon. 

inclined, adj.; oblique:— iisd. 

incline, v. %.; to bow:— Jlsd. 

inclined to do wrong, adj.. adv.; for- 
bidden; crooked; bent:— eeno^; ine- 
choiSg. 

include, v. tr.; to inclose; to comprise: — 
induflo; dumafi&. 

income, n.; the gain from labor; busi- 
ness, property, or capital:— 7 jam&- 
Jalom. 

Incomparable, adj.; matchless; peer- 
less :—ti acomparayon. 

incomplete, adj.f adv.; not fully finished 
or develo^ea; imperfect: — ti gu6f 
munlayan; ticabalee. 

in conjunction with, adv.; with: — con. 

Inconsequent, adj.; unimportant: — ti 
impottante; ti presiso. 

inconstant, adj.; unstable; changeable; 
variable:— ti filjo Jinaeofia; bariable. 

inconvenience, n.; unfitness; trouble- 
someness; disadvantage: — ehin&tsaga; 
tisumifia. 

incorrect, adj., adv.; foulty:— gai de- 
fecto; ti din&nche. 

incorrigible, adj., adv. :—ti ohumAon; 
ti corejiyon. 

increase, v. tr.; to enlarge; to enhance: — 
aumenta; ma subi; lum^megai. 

incredible, adj.: — ti jo^guiyon. 

incubate, v. 1.; to brood:— cumuleca. 

incurable, adj., adv.; irremediable; in- 
corrigible: — ^{remediable; tdiremedio; 
ti n& magufigong; ti amtiyon. 

indeed^ adv.; in fact; in truth:— sietto; 
magajet. 

indefatigable, (Kf;.;- ti y&yayaa. 

indemnUy; to make good dainage done 
to: — apaae y dalio; indemnifica. 

independent, adj., adv.; not dependent 
on, supported by, or governed by 
another:— independiente: t4iinai$oco 
ti-man-afigofigoco; tdichinatsaga. 



indestructible, adj., adv.; not capable 

of being destroyed: — ti yamacon; ti 

yulafigon; ti rematayon. 
indeterminate, adj., adv.; not precise; 

not fixed; indefinite: — ti ma tetmina; 

ti ma n& fijo. 
indicate, v. tr.; to point out; to suggest; 

to hint: — ^f&nue; indica; n&-jaso; tan- 

chue. 
indifferent, adj., adv.; unconcerned; 

regardless: — ti pare Jo; ti gOiya y ma 

safigan; indiferent«. 
indigenous, adj.; native: — ^natibo; ma- 

fafiagon y mismo tan6. 
indigent, adj.; destitute; needy:— nese- 

sito; tai sSgft. 
indirastible, adj., ck/v.:- ti£ga^ason; 

ti dijeriyon. 
indignation, n.; quarrel, obstacle; diffi- 
culty; vexation; chagrin: — disgusto; 

nA bubo; plAito. 
indigo, n.: — &nguiles. 
indirect, adj., adv.; not straight: — ti 

tunas; indirecto. 
Individual, n.: — solo; cuatqui^rajft na 

tiotao. 
indivisible, adj. :—ti iplon; tifaddyon; 

tiapattayon; tidibidiyon. 
indolence, n.; laziness; idleness:— r 



; — desaplicao; 



etiinligd. 
indolent, adj., adv,; lazy; 



inauce, v. tr.; to persuade: — ^induse; 

Buog; i<riiggue. 
industrious, adj., adv.; hard-working:- 

fafach6ch6; buen muchacho. 
industry, n.; steady application to bued- 

nees or labor; a particular branch of 

work or trade: — duil^naia. 
ineffective, adj., adv.; not producing 

the desired result:— ti giifya; ti 

dinftnche. 
ineligible, adj.; unworthy of choice: — 

ti ayfoon; ti cuentayon. 
inestimable, adj., adv.; incalculable; 

beyond measure or price: — t&iprMo; 

tdi ma estima; ti catculayon; ti tasayon. 
inexcusable, adj.; unpardonable:— ti 

asi-iyon. 
inexpensive, adj., adv.; cheap: — tii- 

gasto; barato; ti mlgasto. 
inexperienced, adj., adv.; unskilled; 

unpracticed:— tiipinEyon; tdieeper^n- 

sia; tdiprdctico. 
inexplicable, adj., adv.: — ti esplicayon; 

ti nftclaruyon. 
inextinguishable, (uf;.;— ti punuon; 

ti parayon ianonfla. 
infaUible, adj.; unerring: — ti sifia man- 

dftgue; t^nfiche; tdidinfigue. 
infamous, adj.; wicked; profligate: — 

ch&tpayon; petbetso; escandaloso. 
infancy^ n.; early childhood :— pinatgon; 

pftgo nnafiago. 
infant, n.; a young child: — nene; pinat- 
gon; p&go finafii^o. 



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instrument 



in favor of: — a fab6t de. 

infection, n.; taint; infectione disease: — 

tannxe; cMchalapon chetnot. 
inferior, adj.; lower; subordinate: — 

tH^gpapfi,; ti mfigas; y sumdsaga gui 

pap& otro; matagd. 
infernal, adj., adv.; hellish; fiendish: — 

inanite; sinasal^lguan; iyon sasaldguan; 

s^nt&ilaye. 
infidel, adj.; unbelieving; ungodly; 

wicked:— ti fl^t; Mfftbaba; ti man- 

jof^gue; ti jefiggue. 
Infinite, adj.; endless; unlimited: — ti 

iguion; tai(ittimo| ti pasayon. 
Infirm, adj., adv.; faint, weaik:— d6bit. 
inflame, v. tr.; to excite: to fire with 

passion: — a^6dai; ma agodaL: n& lalald. 
inflamed, adj.; incensed: — agodai; song- 

gue; n& £a£iil&. 
inflammable, adj.^ adv.; easily set on 

fire; combustible: — gust Janon; son* 

guiyon; gu^ mafiil&. 
inflammation, n.: characterized bv pain, 

redness, heat, and swelling: — taujan. 
inflate, v. tr., v. %.; swell; to cause swell- 
ing: — ^binilai nft-espofigja; b^obao. 
inflating, adj.; swelling: — ^pumogpog; 

umespoiigja; bent^. 
Inflexible, adj.y adv.; rigid; stiff; un- 
bending: — ^potflio; tiflo; fitme. 
influence, n.; power adsin^ from char- 
acter or station: — ^influ^naa. 
infold, v. tr.; to wrap up; to swathe; to 

swaadle:— afayut; faliUon; balutan. 
inform, v. tr., v. i.; to apprise; to give 

information: — n&-tangd; sadgane; 

notifica. 
information, n.; — ^infotmasidn; ninA 

tu^d; notincasidn^ 
informer, n.; approver: — y num&n&- 

tnfl^d; y ma£[£;afi|^ne. 
infuriate, v. tr.; to provoke; to incite:— 

6suni; nfirlalald; nft-bubo; nfiriiitao. 
igenious, adj., adv.; clever; inventive; 

witty: — ^grasioBo; luchd; injenioso; 

di^steo cimialamten; listo man j&so; 

gued man inbenta. 
inguinal rapture, n.; — chinftd&. 
innabit, v. tr., v. i.; to dwell in; to reside; 

to remain:— taut&gtte; sagaye. 
inherit, v. (r., v. %.: — ^hereda. 
inhexitanee, n.:— berdnaia. 
inhuman, adj.; cruel; unfeeling: — mala- 

maila; ti chdchd t^otao. 
inimical, adj.; apposite; hostile: — con- 

tr&rio. 
initiate, v. tr.; to use for the first time: — 

inestrena; tutujon; fin^nana na biaje. 
injure, v. tr.; to injure the good name; to 

dishonor :— deshonr a. 
injure, v. tr.; to hurt:— nA-lamen; nft- 

mfietnot. 
inlure, v. tr.; to insult; to affront: — 

iB&ciie; insutta; n^-mamdjlao. 
injurious, adj., adv.; hwrtiul; detri- 
mental: — dafioso; n&siigul; na''puti; 

ndlamen. 



injury, n.; harm; damage; hurt: — dailo; 

sinagud; pininite. 
injusSce, n.; wrong: — ^inechonj^; in- 

lustisia. 
ink, n.: — tinta. 
ink blot, n.: — ^bor6n. 
inkstand, n.; — tintero. 
inlaid work, n.; raised work: — ma- 

embutiya. 
inlet, 71.; passage; sieve; filter: — ^fan- 

Jaluman; ensenada. 
inn, n.; road house: — tab etna, gum& 

pasajero. 
in need, adj.: — nesesit&o; nesesita. 
inner, adj.; internal; interior: — san 

Jalom; san j^lum. 
inner man, n.; the soul; heart: — JinS- 

lum, or: Jin^om. 
innocent, adj., adv.; not guilty: — 

tftilsao; inosente. 
in order that, conj.: — j^Hr^, 
inquire, v. tr.; to investigate: — aberl- 

gua; Misen; que tufi^d. 
inquisitive, aiij., adv.; curious: — cu- 

rioso; gft manmisen. 
in place of, adv.; instead of: — cuentan; 

en lugat. 
insane, adj. ,adv.; deranged; crazed; mad; 

giddy; seasick: — atmari&o. 
inscmitjr, n.; lunacy; madness: — ^inat- 

mariao; quinaduco. 
insatiable, adj.; not capable of being 

satisfied or appeased: — t&i sinatis- 

fecho. 
insecure, adj.; uncertain; unsafe: — ti 

fljo; ti magajet; t^dseguro. 
insert, v. tr.; to interpose; to interpo- 
late :—n&-dntal6. 
inside, adv.; therewithin; within: — 

sanJSlum; j&lum; gui j&lum. 
insinuate, v. tr.; to suggest or hint in- 
directly:— natu£g6fiaiJon; safiganen 

patgon. 
insolent, adj., adv.; shameless; bold; 

daring: — aixebido; descarao; sdguat. 
ini^ect, v. tr.; to overlook; to control; 

to search; to view; to visit: — ^g^g^^i 

reconose; rebista. 
inspire, v. tr.; to encourage; to strength- 
en: — anima; n&-matat^a. 
in spite of, prep.; nevertheless; notwith- 
standing: — con todo que. 
install, V. tr.; to establish; to institute:— 

n&e pose8i6n; j)lanta; establese. 
instead of, adv.; in place of: — cuenta; 

en luffat ole; en bes de. 
instead, adv.; on the other hand: — 

c&mbio. 
instigate, v. tr.; incite; to stir up: — 

atborata. 
instruct, v. tr.; to teach; to guide* to 

lead; to give instruction to:--Hchacna- 

lane; f&n&^de. 
instructed, adj.: — ^manft-eyag; ma 

chachalane. 
instrument, n.; tool: — ^instrumento; 

jeramienta; estotmento. 



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wy 



insuffloient, adj.; inadequate; short: — 

ti tin&o&; ti man&cft; tl n&jong. 
insulty V. tr.; to bring diograce upon: — 

IU6: nfir&l^; deshonra; nfirinftli; nA^ 

tai-tama. 
insult, V. tr.; to embitter: — iJAajt. 
insult, V. tr,; to mock; to deride :--c68i; 

insutta; lotgue. 
insult, n.; misfortune; destruction: — 

inald; nin&-&ld; inalla. 
insult, n.; outn^: — linEjd. 
insulting, adj.j adv.; abusive: — totpe. 
insure, v. tr.; to improve; to make good 

an assertion; to oail: — ^nA-magaJet; 

apase; abona; n&-ldmauleg. 
insure, v. tr.; to make fast; to strength- 

en:— nA-fitme; asegura; nft^mafnot. 
insure, v. tr.; to secure; to warrant; to 

guarantee : — asegura. 
insurrection, n.; uprising; rebellion; 

tumult: — ^Jatsamiento; inatborota; 

insurecsidn. 
intelligible, adj.; comprehensible: — 

tu£^on; comprendiyon. 
intemperance, n.; immoderation: — 

gula; degula; sin moderasi6n. 
intend, v. tr.; to resolve: — jasuye; 

intensionaye. 
intending, adj.: — ^i ntensionao; 

jastisuye. 
intensive, adj., adv.; with all might: — 

t&calum; mano v silla. 
intention, n.; determination; deci- 
sion:— detetniinasi6n; dinetetmina. 
intention, n.; opinion; reason; memory; 

thought: — Jhiaso; intensi6n. 
intentional, adj., adv.; designed; 

premeditated: — ^ma intenaiona; ma 

jasuye; depotal ma jasuye; jasfigon. 
inter, v. tr.; to bury: — jaiot. 
intercede, v. %.; to 8x>^k in favor of some 

one : — adifig^afiiye. 
interest, n.: — ^interds; minHlUgd; gUi- 

naiya, 
intenere, v. %.; to oppose; to meddle: — 

entalue; um^ntalo; atropeya mete, 
interior, n.; inland: — san Jalom na 

patte; chago jalom na patte gui tand; 

jalom tand (atao written jalum). 
intermission, n.; pause; interruption: — 

inentalue. 
international, adj.: — entre y nasi6n 

sija. 
international 

t&otao sija. 
interpose, v. i 

umentalo. 

interpret, v. tr.; to explain; to trans- 
late: — esplicaye; traduse; na claruye; 

safi^niye. 
interpreter, n.; — ^intdtprete; int6tpete. 
interrrogate, v. tr., v. %.; to question; 

to ask:— f&isen; aberfgua. i 

interrupt, v. tr.: — ^n&-para; polonfUii- I 

jon; bumasta. I 



law, n.:— derechon y 
to mediate: — entaltie; 



intestines, n.:— tilipas. 

in the davtime: — ^pii-ja&ne; an jadne. 

intoleraUe, adj.; unbearable:— ti 

BuHg'unon; ti aguantayon. 
intrench, v. tr.; to dig in: — grabs; 

f& trinchera. 
intricate, adj.; entangled; complicat- 
ed: — gadon; comphcao. 
introduce, v. tr.; to arrange; to estab- 
lish: — introduse; establese; aregla; 

presenta un tiiotao eui otro. 
invalid, adj.; null and void: — t&ibale; 

nulo; tftisetbe. 
in vain, adv.; to no purpose; fruitlessly; 

unnecesMffily:— enoano; t&iguiilftye. 
invaluable, adj.; priceless: — t&ibale; 

t&ipi^o. 
invariable, adj., adv.; constant:— 

siempre fijo; fiio; t&icumalimten. 
invasion, n.; noetUe incursion: — 

Jinatme. 
invent, v. tr.; to devise; to find out:— 

n&-juyo^; inbenta; sodft. 
inventive, adj., adv.; witty; ingenious; 

cleaver: — grasioso; inbentibo; sfs- 

odft; didescubre. 
invest, v. %.; to make an investment of 

money: — inbierte; emplea. 
investigate, v. tr.; to inquire: — aberi- 

gua; reconose; inbestigua. 
invincible, adj.; unconquerable : — ti aila- 

yon; ti julaton. 
invisible, adj., adv.:— ti lifon. 
invite, t;. tr.: — conbida; jujo; agatigue; 

soyd. 
invited person, n.; guest: — conbidao. 
invoice, n.; bill: — cuenta; factura. 
irksome, adj., adv.; vexatious: — guai- 

Jetdan; fastidioso; na oson. 
iron, n.: — ^luloe; prensa. 
iron, n.; naif:— lulog; prensa; lulog 

man atane. 
irregular, adj.; anomalous: — echol^; 

ti ar^lao; ti pot otden. 
irreverent, adj., adv.; disrespectful; 

rude; coarse; rough; inattentive: — 

desatento; tdirespeto; bruto; bronco; 

bastos. 
irritable, adj., adv.; effervescent; im- 
petuous: — ^zi&bubo; empetuoso; n&'- 

island, n.: — pedasiton tand nt nire- 

dondea nt tasi: isla; tand. 
isolated, adj., adv.; solitary; secluded; 

off-lying; remote; lonesome: — ^m&isa; 

solo; retirao gui pumalo; aislado. 
isolatdon, n.; solitude: — mAmaisaJft; y 

lugat nai gQ{gtdyaj&. 
issue, n.; progeny; posterity: — desend- 

dnsia. 
itdi, n.; scab; scurf:— latA; satna. 
item, n.; a separate article: — una cosa; 

un attfculo ni sajfigue. 
ivory, ti.; — ^matfit. 
ivy, n..- — yedra. 



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jicy 



79 



kMb 



J. 



Iealbosy, n.; envy:— inigd; ug6; li^. 
eer at, v. tr.; tx) defome; to backbite; 



ackal, n.:—ii6an giLg6k gui ya Asia. 
aokasB, n.:— bnlico. 
; aoket, n.;— ehaqueta; chaleco. 
ail, n.; priaon:— calaboso. 
anaary, n.:— enero; tumaiguine. 
ax, n.; earthenware pot or veaeel: — 
Jara; tebot; tare. 

!aw, n.: — quiadas. 
awbone, n.; cheekbone: — q u i a d a b ; 

tdlafig-quiadas. 
Jawbone, n./ lower, nether, jaw: — 

aohaTncham, 
Jealous, adj.^ adv.; envious; grudging: — 

dfifd; enbidioeo. 
ealoaay, n.; envy:— inigd; 
eer atj v. tr.; to ' ' 
to review: — ad&. 

Iest, n.; joke: — chaasa; ^setan. 
eater, n.; jokeemith; joker:— ieaitaii; 
gft-um^tan* chansero; numftchaleg. 

Jewel, n.;— alajaa. 
ewelry, n.; ornament: — alajaa; gat- 
besas. 

iob, n.; piece of work: — ch66h6. 
oin, V. tr.; to unite; to connect: — 

om&cheton. 
Joiner, n.; woodworker: — ^y m&uleg na 

catpintero. 
Joint or link of a machine, n.; — 
cuyuntura. 

ioint, n.; cut: — ^moaoas. 
oint estate, n.; communion: — 
coinuni6n. 

Joints, n.;— oayunturas. 
oke, n.; jest:— nehansa. 



Joke, V, i,; to amuse one's self :— daitan; 

esitdne. 
Joker, n./ jokesmith; jester:— fesitan; 

g^um^sitan. 
Jokingly, adv.; jestingly; jocosely: — 

diuniachansa. 
Joy, n.; taste: — ^magof. 
Joyous, adj., adv.; merry; gay; satisfied; 

cheernil ; delighted : — dib ettldo; magof . 

Judge, n.; — ^Ju6s. 
udgment, n.; decree; sentence: — ^Julsio. 
ug, n.; pitcher; crock; water jug: — 
Jara. 
Juice, n.; sap (of trees, fruits, etc.):— 

chugd. 
; ulcy, (K/j..«— mefgd. 
;uly, n.:— JtSllo. 
;unxp, n.:— tin^yog; t&yog. 
;unxp, V. i.; leap; to jump over some 
object, as to jump over a log:— &guft; 
gope. 
Junu>, V. i.; to run awa-y: — ^pdchau, or: 

peimao. 
une, n.;— JtSnio. 

unk, n.; old metals; rope, etc.:— basula« 
uzisdiction, n ;— pisifia; minanda. 
ury, n.; — testigo; dinanil para juisio. 
; ust, adj., adv : — ^Justo; tunas. 
;ustiee, n.; fairness:— inay a; justfsia; 
tininas. 

iustifioation, n.:— tininas; ninitunas. 
ustify, V. tr.; to vindicate; to clear of 
blame; to establish as right or just: — 
disetUpa. 
Juvenile, adj.; youthful:— Joben. 



K. 



keel, n.; the lowest timber of a ves- 
sel:— quiyan batoo. 
keep, t;. tr.; to hold back: — detiene. 
keep safely, v. tr.: — adaje. 
keep secret, v. tr.; to be silent about; 

to suppress: — ^fatquiluye; famaitquilo. 
keep watch, v. t.;— pulan. 
keg, n.; — bariUto. 
kept secret, adj.; silent; close:— f 6- 

fatquilo. 
kerchief, n.; handkerchief:— pafLo. 
kernel, n.; seed; stone (of fruits, etc.):— 

fensd. 
kerosene, n.;— petr61io; piet61io. 
ketchup, n.; catsup:— satsa. 
kettle, n./ vessel tot holding liquids: — 

tacun. 
key, n.;— n&yan; nadyan; yabe. 
kidc, n..*— pixUite^; pateg. 
kid^ V. tr.; to kick with the feet; to 

injure; to hurt:— patig. 
kid^ n.; young goat:— cabrito; patgon- 

cidba. 
kill, V. tr.; to slay; to slaughter:— pun6. 



kin, n.; relatives: — ^parientes. 

kind^ n.; characteristic; shape; ex- 
tenor :— Jeohura. 

kindhearted, ac^., adv.; benign; gr^ 
cious; good:— niaasd; y6as6. 

kindness, n.; grace; favor:— gr&sia; 
min&uleg. 

king, n.;— rai. 

kingdom, n.; state:— rftino. 

kiss. V, tr..—- chlco. 

kitcnen, n.: — cosina. 

kite, n.; dragon:— papalote; dragon. 

knave, n.; rogue:— plcaxo. 

knavery, n.; cheating; swindling: — 
chasco; mam&bababa. 

knead, v. tr.; to crumple up:— yac&; 
yalacft; bate. 

knead, v. tr.; to knead the dough: — 



knee, n..* — toxno. 

knee Johit, n.; — ^bayogon tpmo. 

kneel, v. %.; to bend the knees:— dime. 

knife, n.: — s6s6. 

knob, n.; door handle: — togpol^. 



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bock 



80 



knock, n.; blow; stroke: — dacod. 

knock in, v. tr.; to drive in:— n&-dochon. 

knot, n.;— t6cho^. 

knot, V. tr.; to button: — fltido. 

knot, i;. tr,; to make a knot:— t^chodg:. 



know, V. tr.. v. %.; to understand; to 

compiehend :— tuffiO. 
knowl^dM, n.— tinfiq^. 
knowingly, adv.;— JatStuiq^JA. 
knuckle, n.:— bajogon ade^. 



L. 



label, n.; mark: — ^matca. 

labor, n.; toil or exertion; physical or 

mental effort: — chdehd. 
labor, V. tr., v. %.; to toil; to work: — 

fachdohd. 
laborious, adj., adv.; diligent:— guef 

maohdcnO; buen mucliacho. 
laces, n.; embroidery: — encajes; bordao; 

botdao. 
lack, n.; want; deficiency:— lailas. 
lack, V. i.; to be in need; to oe deficient; 

to want: — ^fatta. 
lad, n.; a boy or youth:— patgon. 
ladder, n.; stairway* staircase:— guaot. 
ladle, n.; euchalan d&iigculo. 
lae, V. I.; to move slowly; to loiter; to stay 

behind : — ^flati£^. 
lagoon, n.; pool; body of stagnant water; 

swamp: — ^fagoi; aguanon. 
lake, n.; a large body of water surrounded 

by land:— laguna. 
lanib, n.; the young of dieep: — quinilo. 
lame, adj.; twisted; dislocated:— &ca- 

le£i; cojo. 
lament, n.; moan; wail:— lamento. 
lament, n.; song of woe: — lamentasi6n; 

inigufi]^. 
lamp, n.:— 14mpara; candit. 
lamp shade, n; pantaya; tubon 

candit. 
lance, n,; lansa. 
lancet, n.:— lanseta. 
land, n.; world; piece of ground: — tan6. 
landing bridge, n.; wharf; pier:- pan- 

tal&n. 
landlord, n.; one who has tenants holding 

under nim; the keeper of a hotel or 

inn:— arend6t; propiet4rio. 
language^ n.; the speech of one race as 

distin^iushed from that of another.* — 

find: idioma. 
languid, adj.; wanting energy; weak: — 

debit: masogsog. 
lank, adj.; lean; slender.'— masogsog. 
lantern, n.: — ^falot. . 
lantern bearer, n.: — ^f&falot; y mafl(i- 

nul6 falot. 
lap, n.; cola; y um&^tampe. 
lap, V. tr.: — ^joflag; joba. 
lapse, n.; slight mult or mistake.* — 

linache. 
lard, n.; fat of swine melted down: — 

mantica.- 
large, adj., adv.; great in size; bulky: — 

d&i^ulo. 
large, adj., adv.; deep:— modui^; 



largess, n.; a gift; a bounty:— ninae; 
regalo; dog. 



larynx, n.; Adam's api^e:- guetmon; 

g&etgQero. 
lash, V. tr.; to apply the whip; to flog: — 

sacude. 
lass, n.; a young woman; girl:— patgon 

napal4uan. 
lasso, n.; loop; snare; trap: — ^laso. 
last, adj.f adv.; lowest; utmost: — ilttimo. 
last, V. t.; to abide; to endure: — dura, 
last, V. %.; to stay:— maog. 
last night:— 7 pAii&ue. 
last quarter (of the moon):— cuatto 

menguante. 
last week: — mApos na semana. 
lasting, adj.; durable; permanent: — 

durable; petmanente. 
lastly, adv.; in the last place: — ilttimo. 
latch, n.; a door catch:— tratigcan 

potta. 
late, adj., adv.; slow; behindhand: — 

atrasao; tatde: madifgo. 
lately, adv.; not lon^ ago: — ti-abmam. 
latent, adj.; concealed; invisible. — ^ma* 

nAn&; rianog. 
lath, n.; a strip of wood: — AnlasgUe; 

leston. 
lathe, n.: — totno. 

lather, v. tr.; to soap; to flatter:— iabune. 
lattice work (in the roof of native 

houses), n.; — ^baraquilan. 
laud, V. tr.; to praise highly; to extol:— 

alaba; tuna, 
laadable, adj.; commendable: — ^famao; 

tunayon. 
laugh, V. %.: — ohaleg. 
laughter, n.;— chiUeg. 
launch, n.; pleasure boat: — bi^ot sito. 
laundress, n.: — labandera. 
lavatory, n.; retiring room: — palatf^ 

gana; labad6t: labat6iio. 
lavish, adj.f adv.; prodigal; squander- 
ing :— -despetdisiao. 
laviahness, n.; prodigality; squander- 
ing: — despetdlsio. 
law, n.; jurisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess: — ^lay. 
lawsuit, n.; process of law; court pto- 

ceeding: — ^Jufsio: pidito; causa, 
lawver, n.; one wno speaks for another; 

advocate; intercessor: — abogao. 
lawful, adj.f adv.; just legal: — confotme 

7 lay; tunas; le^t. 
lawn, n.; a plot of grass kept closely 

mown :— cha'^guan. 
lax, adj.y adv.; loose; vague; weak: — oalo. 
lay; v. tr.; to put; to place:— p61o; planta. 
lay down, v. tr.; to approach; to bring 

nearer: — ^n&-arima. 
lay eggs, v. tr.: — ^fafLadft. 



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lay 



81 



lay in, v, tr.; to bring in; to put in: — 

nft-Jalum. 
lay on, v, tr.; to apply; to impose: — 

impone; obliga. 
lay on the side, v. i.: — 6gui£g:. 
lay out, V. tr.; to expose; to interpret: — 

intetpreta. 
lay snares, v. tr.: — admaye laso; 

admaye laso sija. 
layer, n.; stratum; row: — oapa. 
laziness, n.; indolence; idleness: — 



la^, ac^., adv.; indolent:— gagd; de- 

saplicao. 
lazy body, n.; loafer; idler: — bago; 

bagamundo. 
lead, n.: — ^plomo. 
lead, i;. tr.; to guide; to precede: — guia; 

f&nue; pipet. 
lead astray, v. tr.: — ^n&-lache. 
lead, V. tr.; to guide; to instruct; to 

teach:— ohaohalane: dirije; f&nd^e. 
leaden, adj.; made of lead: — ^plomiso; 

pure plomo. 
leader, n.; one who leads: — guia. 
lecil, n.:— ojas; jagon. 
leak, n.; a hole which lets in water: — 

8iizn6. 
leak through, v. tr.: — sumd. 
lean, adj.; thin: — masogsog. 
lean, v. tr.^ v. t.; to cause to lean; to 

incline: — as6; ap6. 
leap, V. tr.y v. %.; to pass over by jumping; 

to jump; to vault: — gope. 
learn, v. tr.; to study; to imitate: — eyag. 
learned, adj., adv.: — ^malatd; tomtom, 
learning, n.; skill in literature, lan- 
guages, Qt science: — ^malatd. 
lease, v. tr., v. %.; a written contract for 

the letting of real estate for a certain 

period; to take a lease of* to let by 

contract: — empefla; ari^nda. 
leasehold, n.; property held by lease: — 

inquilinato; ariendo. 
least, adj% smallest in degree, size, 

value, or importance: — mfninio; mas 

dlquiqut. 
leather, n.; hide: — cuero. 
leather strap (holding the sandals), n.; 

belt: — cotdon; coreas (doga). 
leave, v. %.; to depart; to go; to move; 

to walk: — ^focat; famocat; janau, or: 

janao. 
leave behind, i;. tr.; to forsake; to 

desert; to abandon; to leave; to quit: — 

desampara; di£S;o. ^ 

lecture, n.; formal discourse on any 

subject : — lectura. 
ledge, n.; margin; hem; border:— oriya; 

canto. 
ledger, n.; the principal account book 

ofa mercantile nouse: — ^lebloncuenta. 
leeward, n.; in ^e direction toward 

which the wind blows: — ^pachot 

ma^ld. 
left (direction to the left):— ac&gile. 



left, adj.; abandoned; poor:— diil^o; 

dejao. 
left-handed, adj.: — ac&gUe fcifayifLa. 
leg, n.; one of the limbs by which men 

and t^niwuJg walk: — adi£g (foot, n.: — 

patas). 
legacy, n.; a gift by will of money or 

property; beauest:- herdnsia. 
legal, aa^.t aav.; pertaining to law; 

permitted or authorized by law; 

legitimate: — ^leg4t. 
legally, adv.; lawfully:— legatxnente. 
legend, n.; a romantic story:— Jemplo. 
legible, adj., adv.; capable of being 

read; clear; distinct; apparent: — cliaro; 

tditayon. 
legitimate, adj.y adv.; conjugal; law- 
mi: — leguftinxo; lejitimo. 
leisure, n.; ease; freedom from occupa- 
tion: — dinesoansa; osioeo. 
leisurely, odf?., adv.; done at leisure: — 

pausado; desp^o. 
lemon, n.:— lemon, 
lemonade, n.; — lemonada. 
lend, v. tr.; to grant to another for tempo- 
rary use: — ^presta; Ayao. 
length, n.; the measure from end to 

end: — ^inanacd. 
lengthen, v. tr.; to add to: — ^n&-l&ana- 

c6; t&luye. 
lengthy, adj.; long and tiresome: — 

anao6. 
lens, n.; a glass for changing the direc- 
tion of rays of light: — lente. 
Lent, n.; time of fasting; faat: — ayunat; 

cuareema. 
leprosy, n.; leper: — ategtoe; lasarino. 
leprosy, n.; — cnetnot lasanno. 
less, adv.; in a smaller degree: — menos. 
lest, conj.; that not; for fear that: — 

s&; no sea. 
let, V. tr.y V. %.; to permit:— p61o. 
let come to pass, v. %.: — ^nft-falofan. 
letter, n.; note; card:— catta. 
letter of the alphabet, n.; — ^letran 

atfabeto. 
level, adj.y adv.; plain:— vano. 
level, v. tr.; to even: — ^na-yano. 
lever, n.; crowbar: — espeque. 
liabihty, n.; the state of being liable: — 

dibe; responsabilid^. 
liable, adj.; exposed to damage: — 

sifiaja. 
liar, n.; one addicted to lying: — dacun. 
liberal, adj., adv.; big-hearted: — 

gu6ftau, or: gudftao. 
liberality, n.; charitableness:— guin- 

^tau. 
liberate, v. tr.; to free: — saca; rescata. 
liberty, n.; freedom:— ^libettad. 
license, n.; permission; acqmescence:— * 

lis6naia. 
lick, V. fr.;— Joflag. 
lid, n.; a movable cover: — tampe. 
lie. n.; deceit; denial:— mandague; 

dague; padagdag; dinague. 



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lie, V, t.; to reet in a recumbent posi- 
tion: — asun; &p6. 
lie. V. t.; to speak falsely; to deceive:— 

dai^e; fandague. 
lie in ambuah, v. t.; to lurk:— ILeJotf|^. 
lien, n.; a leg^l claim upon property; 

securitv for payment: — ^Infotmaflion 

poseeoiia. 
life, n.; animate existence:— linAlU; 

jaane; bida. 
lift, «. tr,; to raise; to elevate:— nftr 

eaJnlO; jatsa. 
lift up; V. tr.; to heave up; to take up; 

tojraise:- jatsa JulO; cajat. 
lift up, V. tr.; to pick up (from the 

floor}:— Jatea; cajat. 
light, n.; the agent by which objects are 

rendered visible by its action on the 

retina:— inina. 
light, n; dawn:— manana; 6g^n. 
light, v. fr.:— tottf^e. 
light up, V. tr.; to illuminate:— ina. 
light, V. tr.; to light the fire: — edo; 

la-edo; tot^ue. 
light (in woffht), (uf;.:— ILaJlalatf^. 
lighter, n.; a mrge open barge for load- 
ing and unloading vessels: — caeeo; 

champan (Jwm: sampan); laida (yhwi; 

lighter), 
lightning, n.: — t>alAtf|^n )ulo; l&mlftm. 
like, adj.; similar; resembling:— parejo. 
liked, adi.f adv.; beloved; favorite:— 

magaef-atan; magiiiiya. 
likely, adj., adv.; verisimilar; probable:— 

aifiaja; jonfiguiyon. 
liken, v. tr,; to compare: — compara. 
likeiviae not, conj.: — tampoco. 
my. n.;— lirio. 
limb, n.; part of the body; branch of a 

tree:— pedaaon t4taotao; patte gui 

t&taotao; ramas. 
lime, n.:— -afog. 
lime kiln, n.: — ^jotnon afog. 
limit, n.; utmost extent; a border or 

boundary : — oriya; llmite . 
limb, n.; leg:— a<U£g. 
limp. V. t-.'-^qud^yau. 
limping, adj.y adv.: — cumdqudyau. 
line, n.; length without breadtii:— Ifnea; 

raya. 
line, n.; item of a bill:— re^l6n. 
line, n.; rope:— cotd6n; cuewas. 
lineal, adj.; composed of lines; in direct 

line from an ancestor:— line&t. 
linen, n.; a cloth made of flax: — lino, 
lingerinjg, adj., adv.; slow: — d^cajat; 

c^spdsio. 
liniment, n.; a medicated liquid for rub- 
bing into the skin: — amot p&lai; lini- 

miento. 
lining of a garment, n.;— afulo. 
link, n.; a single ring or division of a 

chain:— aniyo; aniUo. 
lion, n.; — ^leon. 
lips, n.;— libios. 
liquid, adj.; not solid; readily flowing: — 

xnamA-Janum, or: mamA-Janom. 



liquor, n.:— 4ic6t. 

liaxe, n.; a fine thread or lace:— leaton 

dilalai. 
list, n.:-4ista. 
listen, v. i.:— ^ouffiog. 
listen to, v. i.; to ooey: — osgue. 
listener, n.; hearer:— y umd^cutf^g. 
listtess, adj.; indifferent; languid: — ^in- 

diferente; parejoja yan tajra. 
litany, n.; a solemn responsive form of 

supplication: — ^letania. 
literal, adj., adv.; following the exact 

words; exact:— literat; exacto. 
literazj, adj.; pertaining to literature:— 

litigate, V. tr.yV. i.; to contest in a court 

oflaw: — ^pUdto. 
litigation, n.; judicial contest: — ^pUito. 
litter, n.; straw, etc., used for bedoing for 

horses, etc. : — fanasun cabayo. 
little, adj., adv.; minute; small: — 

dfquiqui. 
little, adv.; not much: — dfdidl. 
little bell, n.: — campaniya. 
little finger, n.:— o&ia£|;qu6. 
liturg;^, n.; the prescribed ritual for 

public worship: — seremdnias gum& 

Yilus. 
live, v. I.; to exist; to have life: — ^lftl&. 
livelihood, n.; sustenance; subsistence: — 

abio; mantensi6n. 
lively, adj.; active; brisk; animated: — 

luft; animao. 
liver, n.:— Ilgado. 
livid, adj.; hlAck and blue; ashy pale: — 

dioigndo. 
living, adj.; alive; merry: — IftlalA; brabo. 
lizard (large variety), n.; — Jilftai. 
lizard (small house hzard),n.;— gualfig. 
loaded, p. p.: — oatgado. 
loaf, n.; a large cake of bread: — pan. 
loaf around, v. %.; to tramp around: — 

gumagd; bumuetta. 
loafer, n,; idler: — ^bagamundo; g&- 

lumauyau; gagd. ^ 

loam, n.; rich vegetable mold, with clay 

and sand:— ^puja. 
loan, v. tr.; to loan a sum of money for a 

period:-— iyau; presta. 
loath, v. tr.; to regard with abhorrence or 

disgust; to detest:— chatUl. 
loathing, n.; disgust; nausea: — chin- 

&tlii. 
lobster, n.: — m&iotSJ^BjSf;. 
lobster t^p. n.; — ^naaa. 
local, adj., adv.; pertaining to a place: — 

loc&t. 
locate, V. tr.; to place; to establish: — 

f&m&uleg; colocar; fft^^ye. 
lock, n.; door lock: — candalo. 
locomotive, n.; steam engine for drawing 

railroad cars: — ^m&quinAn v tren. 
lofty, adj.; very high; proua: — tagaJIO; 

t6gquil6; locft. 
log, n.; an undressed piece of timber: — 

troBon jayo. 
loins, n.; hips; haunches:— 6tay6; lomo. 



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loiter, V. t.; to linger; to tarry; to be 

Blow; to be tardy; to hang back; to 

hesitate :— mn-abmam. 
loitering, adj.. adv.; remiss; negligent; 

slack: slov^y; tarrying:— descuidao; 

ti-y6daji. 
lone, adj.; solitary; retired :-^-gtti8iii- 

yaift. 
lonely, adj.; deserted; solitary:— eban- 

donao; sagayan na mayutl. 
lonesome, adj.; lonely; solitary; se- 
cluded; off-lying; remote: — aiiuado: 

tdigftchofig; gmgtliyflaj&. 
long, adj.; extended in time or length 

not short: — anao6. 
look, V. tr.j V. i.; to glance; to perceive: 

to see: — ^atan. 
look, V. tr.; to look surreptitiously:- 

&tan-s^et. 
look I see there!— di I diA! diAj&! 4nagui! 

dtan-j&! 
looking-glaas, n.; mirror:— espejos. 
look, V. tr.; to look hard at some one or 

something:— atalag. 
looks, n.; appearance: — ^mata; apar^n- 

sia; jechiira. 
loop, n.; snare; trap* lasso:- laao. 
loosen, V. tr.; to free from tightness, 

restraint, or tension: — ^nft-l&calo; sotta. 
loot, V. tr.; to pillage or plunder: — 

maflaque. 
lord, n.; master; owner: — ftsaina; dueflo; 

sefi6t. 
lose, V. %.; to be harmed:— jpetjulaia. 
lose, V. tr.; to go astray; to be lost; to go 

to the bad; to disappear:— falilSgo. 
lose, t;. t.; to lose one^s way: — abag. 
lot, n.; fate; fortune:— oatga; suette. 
lottery, n.; distribution of prizes by 

chance:— rif a; loteria. 

loud, adj., adv.; noisy: — ftgajSg; buru- 

quento. 
lounge, V. %.; to saunter about in a lazy 

manner: — ^gago; umosioso. 
ouse, n.;— juto; gaga gapotulo. 
ovabie, adj.; worthy of love: — guaiy^- 

yun. 
love, n.: — amot; caridad; gMndiya. 
love, V. tr., V. %.; to be loved: — goflle; 

guaiya. 



love, n.; loveliness; amiableness: — 
gtunlUya; guaiydyon; amiable. 

loveliness, n.; kindness; amiability; 
benevolence:— oaxillo; quinarifLoso. 

lovely, adj., adv.; amiable: — goflifyon. 

lover, n.; gallant; spendthrift :—4gaaiya; 
n6bio; dnobio. 

low, adj., adv.; humble: — t&gpapA»' 
6bab&. 

lower, 17. tr.; to let down:— &ealayd; 
n&-tunog. 

lower lip, n.:— AmanuuSg. 

lower the i^ice, v. tr.; to allow a re- 
bate:— rebaja. 

low ground, n.; low country; defile:— 
Joya; findgu6gsald. 

loyal, adj., adv.; faithful in allegiance: — 
tif&fababa; fi^t. 

ludd, adj., adv.; clear; readily under- 
stood:— elaro. 

luck, n.; casual event or accident: — 
dioha; suette. 

luoky; adj., adv.; blessed; successful; 
fortunate: — dichoso; felis: fottuna. 

luerative, adj., adv.; profitable:— probe- 
choso. 

ludicrous, adj., adv.; amusing: — ^nft- 
ohaleg. 

luggage, n.; effects of a traveler; bag- 

Jkge: — ^maleta; trastes biaje. 
, V. tr.; to soothe to sleep: — ^n&-qu6- 

maigd. 
lumber, n.; timber: — tabla: jayo. 
lunacy, n.; mental unsounoness: — ^loeo; 

caduco. 
lunatic, n.; one who is insane: — 

atmaziao. 
lunch, n.; lieht meal between break- 
fast and the evening dimier: — ^nft- 

taluane. 
lung, n.; — gofls. 
lure, V. tr.; to allure; to bait:— epog; 

catnada. 
luster, n.; radiance; brightness :—]inam- 

lam. 
lusty, adj.; robust; vigorous; healthy: — 

robusto; Iftlft. 
luxurious adj.; pertaining to luxury: — 

lujurloso; minfijhid. 
lye, n.; alkaline solution:— lejia. 
lying, adj., adv.; false:— daoon; fatso. 



M. 



macaroni, n.; — ^macar6n. 

machine (aUo lock of a gun), n.;— 

m&quina. 
machinery, n.: — ^maquinaria. 
machinist, n.:— maquinista. 
mad, adi., adv.; enraged; mentally dis- 

oraerea: — ^lalal6; bubo, 
madden, v. tr.; to make mad or furious: — 

nft.lalal6. 
magistrate, n.; eovemor: — ^magftlaje; 

nSigas; tdtag6; julon. 



maffnet. n.; a magnetized steel bar: — 

nSlaolao; im^. 
magnificent, adj.; splendid; pompous: — 

d&Si^ulo; mauleg; gudftao; f^ta. 
maid, n.; maiden:— donseya; sottera. 
mail, n.; — coreepond^nsia. 
mail steamer, n.;— coreo. 
maim, v. tr.; to crippk: — estropea; 

ulot; n&-mafi]^; n&-ch6t^. 
main, adj.; chief; principal; leading:— 

ulo; magas; impottante. 



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maize, n.; corni—m&ies. 

make^ v. tr.; to create; to fashion; to 
fabricate:— fatinaa; nft-juyofig; chdgQe. 

make, v. tr,; to work; to plant:— eh6^gtte; 
filtinas. 

make dear, v, tr,; to expound; to ex- 
plain:— esplioa; pulft; ni-manana; n&- 



make dull, v. tr.;— nft-foda; n&-fiafid. 

make fast, t;. tr.; to stren^en; to in- 
sure: — nft-fLtme; n&-meton. 

make good one's assertion, v. tr.; 
to give one credit; to bail; to insure; 
to improve:— n&-ma^Jet y sl- 
na^E^an; n&-magajet; prueba y finijd. 

make good, v. tr.; to discover; to ob- 
serve: — nft-mtoleg; n&-anoc; n&- 
anog. 

make a holiday, v. %.; to celebrate:— 
gopte. 

make into parts, v. tr.; to share; to 
participate; to aivide: — f&oai. 

make mellow, v. tr.; to beat; to make 
tender: — aoha; n&-inifiafia. 

make more beautiful, v. tr.; to put 
on rouge; to adorn: — ^nft-l&gatbo. 

make an offering (to God), v. tr.; to 
sacrifice:— entrega; man ofrese as 
Ytius. 

make peace (with €k>d), v. tr.: — aplaca; 
nA-pas; pum^. 

make peaceful, v. tr.; to give pleasure 
to:— n&-magof; apasigua; n&-majgofi|^; 
chuga. 

make ready, v. tr.; to make ready food 
in the best possible way; to prepare; 
to put into vinegar (in the evening): — 
adobao; nft-masa; ni-listo; eetufao. 

make reparation, v. tr.; to give satisfac- 
tion; to expiate:— fft-m&uleg. 

make room, v. (r.;— f&-chalan; cb^igua. 

make room, v. tr.; to move in order to 
make room: — n&-capap. 

make smaller, v. tr.; to make into 
smaller change (a sum of money); to 
shorten; to dsmoage; to cheat: — to^jj^. 

make smaller, v. tr.; to reduce; to 
diminish : — ^n&-16diquiqui. 

make sour, v. tr.: — ^nft-ma&gsom. 

make tender, v. tr.; to make mellow; 
to beat:- 



make up one's mind to, v. i.: — Jasuvi. 
malaria, n.; exhalations from marsny 

land, producing fevers; fever: — ca- 

lentura guinen y fiojmon na tand. 
malefactor, n.; criminal: — nJk^iiJk- 

tlUlaye; crimin^t. 
malice, n.; deliberate nuechief: — 

malisia; tindimauleg; jinasfigune;mdi- 

mauleg. 
mallet, n.; a wooden hammer: — ^maseta. 
maltreat, v. tr.; to oppress:— nft-lamen; 

gugofig; jofid; mattrata. 
maltreatment, n.; oppression: — 

minattrata; ninatdelaye; ninatdilaye; 

guinigotfg:; jinefid. 



man, n.; male: — t&otao; laje. 
manage, v. tr.; to govern: — gobietna; 

g6je. 
manage, v. tr.; to regulate; to lead; to 

direct; to guide:— chachalane; f&- 

n&^gtie; gdje. 
management, n.; disposition; ar- 
rangement: — guindtd; g u i n 6 j §; 

desposisidn. 
mane, n.: — ^polon telQ^Jon cabayo. 
mangrore, n.; — ^mal^le. 
manua hemp, n.;— 4baoa. 
manipulate, t;. tr.; to operate or work 

by means of the hands:— chdgtte nl' y 

c&nae. 
manly, adj., adv.; courageous; resolute: — 

mam&laje; matatrfga; timamft^flao. 
manner, n.; method; mode of action; 

habit: — ^Jaftaimftno; costumbre. 
man-of-war, n.; warship:— batcon 

guera. 
mantilla, n.; — mantilla; mantiya; sa- 

banas diquiqu!; pafiales. 
manufacture, v. tr.; to fabricate from 

raw materials: — ^fabric&r; ffttinas. 
manufacture, v. tr.; to fabricate from 

raw materials: — manufactura; ch^hd 

c4nae; ^tinas van mata na materi&t. 
manure, n.; fertilizing substance: — 

abono; taqu|6. 
many, adj.; numerous: — ^lajyan; m^i. 
many thanks I — si Ydus ma&sil 
map, n.; — ^mapa. 
march, n.; regular, measured walk, 

especially of soldiers: — matcha. 
march, v. t.;— mumatcha. 
March, n.;— matso; marso. 
mare, n.: — ^y^gua. 
mariner, n.; sailor: — ^tiun&tase; mari- 

nero. 
fnark, n.: — matca. 
mark, n.; trade-mark:— matca; sendt; 

ndan. 
mark down, v. tr.; to note down; to 

record; to aim: — apunta. 
marriage, n.; wedlock; wedding: — 

in&camd: um^amd; casamiento. 
marriage feast, n.; — fandatfg^go. 
married, p. p.: — casao; umdsagua; 

giiasagua. 
marry, v.tr.,v. %.; to wed ; to take to wife 

or husband: — &sagua; umdsagua. 
marsh, n.; a swampy tract of land: — 

sesonyan. 
martyr, n.; — ^m&ttir. 
marvelous, adj., adv.; exciting wonder; 

incredible : — n&^manman. 
masculine, adj.; pertaining to a man: — 

masculino; laje. 
mask, n.; clown: — ^buf6n; m^ara. 
mason, n.: — &tbamt. 
mass, n.; a large quantity: — ^m&gguag; 

mont6n. 
massage, v. tr.; to apply massage; to 

press; to rub; to knead: — ^lasa. 



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mni^ 



mast (of a ship), n.: — ^palon batco. 
master, n.; Iqrd; father: — inkgas; sdlna; 

tata; amo. 
master, n.; teacher: — ^maestro. 
mat, n.; — guafa^. 

xoatch, n.; a lucifer: — ^mAches; f6tforos. 
matchless, adj.; peerless; incompara- 
ble: — ti acomparayon; t4i chiloiSg. 
xoatchmaker, n.: — atcagiiete. 
material, n.; dress: — ^maga^. 
matter, n.; thing; cause: — ^mat^ria; 

jafa; coea; cuesti6n. 
matter, n.; being; substance:— gtiiniya. 
matter, n.; pus:— -chugd. 
mattress, n.; — cotchon. 
mature, adj.^ adv.; ripe; full-grown: — 

masa. 
maturity, n.; ripeness: — ^minasa. 
May, n.: — ^mayo; magmdmao. 
mayor, n.; — un t&tae6. 
meadow, n.; pasture land; land yielding 

hay: — ^famastuyan; pasto; fin&joya. 
meal, n.; eating: — condda. 
meal beetle , n . : — goteo jo . 
mean, adj.; vulgar: — t£laye. 
mean spirited, adj., adv.; base; abject; 

vile :— despresiao . 
means and ways, n.; mode: — ^modo; 

jechura. 
meanwhile, adv.: — entretanto. 
measure, n.: — ^medida. 
measure, n.; rule; disposition; direction; 

condition: — dispo8isi6n; regla. 
measure, v. tr.: — ^mide. 
meat, n.; — catnej sensen. 
medal, n.; medaUion: — ^milaya. 
mediate, v. %.; to act as mediator: — 

umdntald; entalue. 
mediator, n.; advocate: — gufgogtte; 

dfdefiende. 
medicine, n.; drug: — amot. 
mediocre, adj.: — ^medicuio. 
meek, adj.. adv.; gentle; submissive; 

humble; yielding: — ^hmnitde; osgon. 
meet, v. tr.; to find; to hit upon: — 

danche; dsod^. 
meet, v. tr.; to find; to recover: — jentan; 

gach£L; sod&. 
meet some one, v. i.; to fall in with: — 

Hsod&fi&ijon. 
mellow, adj.; fully ripe; not hard: — 

ma£iaii&; masa. 
melody, n.: — ^mel6dia. 
melon, n.; pumpkin; squash: — ^melon; 

calamasa. 
melt, V, %.: — fH-janum. 
melt,!?, tr.; to fuse; to dissolve: — dirite; 

n&-lagd. 
member, n.; limb: — ^miembro; pedason 

tdtaotao. 
member of the brotherhood, n.: — 

cofradia. 
memory, n.; reason; thought: — jinaso. 
menace, v. tr,, v. %.; to threaten: — 

f&fiagtle. 
mend, v. tr.; to repair: — ^lemenda. 
mental, adj.; pertaining to the mind; 

intellectual : — ^jinalom. 



mention, n.; hint:— ninAjaso. 
merchandise, n.; goods; wares, bought 

and sold:~-mercansia; metcansia (co- 

sas ni man m&nfajan yan man mdn- 

bende). 
merchant, n.:— negosiante; comet- 

siante. 
merciful, adj.; charitable: — ^migrasia; 

y6a»6. 
mer^, n.; compassion; charity:— mi- 

naasd; yin^asd. 
mere, oo;., adv,; only: — sensiyo; pure; 

tdig&cho^. 
merely, adj., adv.; simply; only: — ]k. 
meree, v. tr.; to absorb or swallow up: — 

chinepchop; pinafiot; ilogflog; lumos. 
merit, n.; excellence; worth: — ^mdrito; 

minerese. 
merit, v. tr.; to deserve: — ^merese. 
meritorious, adj.; deserving: — ^mfme- 

rese. 
merriment, n.; mirth; fun; frolic; 

gaiety: — ^minagof; tinatnon. 
merry, adj., adv.; gay; satisfied; cheer- 
ful; delignted; joyous:— dibettido; lAf- 

magof : entretenido. 
merry leUow, n.; jester; wag: — ^numft- 

chalig; chansero. 
message, n.: — mensaje; inencatga. 
messenger, n.; — child papet; men- 

sajero; tentagd. 
metal, n.: — ^metat. 
meteor, n.: — guinipon pution; todo y 

malflii gui aire, 
method, n.; system; order: — ^jechura; 

inaregla. 
middle, n.: — tald; sibo. 
middle finger, n.: — calulot tald. 
midnight, n.; — t&talo pue£g:ue. 
midwife, n.:— pattera. 
might, n.; power; force; authority: — 

minetgot; mindmaichdch6; finejraan; 

autoriddd; fuetsa; sfsifla; nin^sina. 
mighty, (wfj., adv.: — ^n&sifla. 
mighty, aaj., adv.; brave; powerful: — 

famoso; matatfiga. 
mild, adj., adv.; gentle in temper and 

disposition; meek; suave: — suabe; 

mdfi|kfift; manso. 
mildness, n.; charity: — minafiafift. 
mile, n.: — ^miya; milla. 
military, n.; soldiery: — ^milit^t. 
military equipment, n.; — atmadura; 

munisidn. 
milk, n.: — chugd susu; leche. 
milk, v. tr.; to milk a cow: — ^fogse. 
milk, n.; curdled : — ^lechen-ma-cuaja. 
milk of the coconut, n.; — chugd 

niyog. 
Milky way, n.: — carera de Santiago, 
mill, n.; gristmill:— molino. 
nUllet, n.; barley: — sebada. 
millstone, n.: — achd molino. 
mind, n.; intellect; understanding: — 

iinaso; sentido. 
mine, n.: — ^mina. 

mingle, r. tr.; to mix; to blend: — 
' nft-daflft; dafi&. 



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mingled, p. p.; mixed:— man&HlaA&. 
minK>n, n.; favorite: — gUin4iya; fabo- 

rito. 
minute, adj., adv.; small; little:— dl- 

quiqul. 
minute hand, n.: — ^minutero. 
miracle, n.; wonder:— milagro; nft'- 

manman nftsinedese. 
mire, n.; mud; slime; yeast: — ^faohd. 
mirror, n.; — espejos. 
miscellaneous, adj.; promiscuous: — 

entrepulao. 
mischievous, adj.: — daAoso; n&^t&ilaye; 

camten. 
miserable, adj., adv.; pitiful; despicable; 

impossible:— diitsaga; n&-m&86. 
miserv, n.; wretchedness:— misdria; 

pineble. 
misfortune, n.; accidental event: — di- 

nemalas; casualid&d; desgr^sia; inal6. 
misrepresent, v. tr.;— abag. 
mission, n.: — ^mision; tinagd. 
missionaiy, n.: — ^misionero. 
mist, n.; darkness; fog; haze:— Jomjom; 

asgon. 
mistake, n.; error:— Unache; fatta. 
mistaken, adj., adv.; hazy; nebulous.— 

bula asgon. 
mistake, v. %.; to be mistaken; to be 

in error: — dxdtan^ lache. 
mistrust, n.; suspiaon: — desconflansa; 

suspecho. 
misunderstanding, n.;— chindtan; ina- 

bag; linache. 
mitj^te, V. tr.; to alleviate:— n&ca- 

vada; disminuye. 
mix, V. tr.; to entangle:— n&-gadon. 
mix, V, tr.; to mix the cards:— balaja. 
mix, V, tr.; to thin out:— liti. 
mixed, p. p.; mingled:— man&-dafi&. 
mixture, n./ blend :^-dina&&. 
mixture, n.; mortar:— liniti. 
mob, n.; rude, disorderly crowd: — 

Jen£g:an; tiunutto; inetnon para ti 

mduleg na chdchd. 
mock, V. tr.; to deride; to insult; to 

make fun of: — butlea; casi; insutta; 

mofea. 
mocker, n.; scoffer; supercilious person; 

arrogant man:— butlon; casi. * 
mod^, n.; figure:— flgura; modelon. 
moderate, v. tr.; to keep within bounds; 

to lessen:— templao; moderao. 
moderation, n.; — tinempla. 
modem, adj.; recent:— tlftbmamj&. 
modest, adj., adv.; honorable; decent: — 

honesto. 
moist, adj.^ adv.; humid; damp (prevent- 
ing an object from burning):— «pagon; 

fotgon; maguem; timido. 
moisten, v. tr.; to wet:— nft-fotgon. 
molar tooth, n.:— acacam. 
moldy, adj.; mouldy; covered with 

mold: — iiiapul&ijan; linimutan. 
mole, n.; birthmark:— 4onnat. 



molest, V. tr.; to annoy: — ^joroba; 

nA-chitsaga; mol^etia. 
molest, V. tr.; to im})ortune:— n&- 

ch&tsaga. 
molestation, n.; annoyance:— Jineroba; 

chin^tsaga. 
mollify, V. tr., v. t.;— nA-mafiaflft. 
moment, n.; instant; twinkling: — me- 
mento; rato. 
Monday, n.:— lunes. 
money, n.;— salapt; salapd. 
money, n.; piece of money; coin: — 

moneda; sfluapd. 
moneybag, n.: — botsiyo. 
monk, n.; — ^monje. 
monkey, n..* — machltffe. 
monoplane, n.; aeroplane having one 

pUme, contrasted with the biplane, 

which has two: — monoplano; biplane, 
month, n.; one of the twelve divisions 

of the year: — mes. 
monthly, adj., adv.; happening once a 

month : — c&da-mes. 
monument, n.;— monumento. 
mood, n.; temper of mind:— humot; 

j^nio. 
moon, n.; month: — pulan; mes. 
mop, n.; implement for washing floors: — 

lampaso nt g&i tegpollg. 
moralitv, n.; ethics :-;-c^uinettesano; 

minduleg; tunas na tinifigd. 
more, adj., adv.; greater in number; 

greater in quality or extent: — ^mas; 

meg^fia. 
moreover, adv.; besides; apart from 

that: — ademas. 
more than, adv.: — ^mas de; mas que. 
morning, n.;— 6g&an. 
mortal, (ufj..*— m&matai; mottdt; 

m&matae. 
mortal sin, n.; — ^pecado mottit. 
mortar, n.;— lusollg. 
mortar, n.; mixture:— liniten-mescla; 

mescla. 
mortgage, n.; — ^ipot^ca; sineguro; pro- 
mesa, 
mortify, v. tr.; to humble; to depress: — 

s&pit. 
mosquito, n.; — ^fiamo. 
mosquito net, n.; — oibeyon. 
moss, n.; lichen: — ^lumot. 
moth (flying around a light), n.;— 

bftbale. 
mother, n.: — nana; madre. 
mother-in-law, n.; — suegra. 
motion, n.; the act or process of mov- 
ing:— quinalamten; yineflgyo^. 
motive, n.; incentive; reason: — ^motibo; 

rason. 
motorcycle, n.: — bisidetan pogpoe. 
mould; mold, v. tr.; to do; to build:— 

ffttinas; jotma. 
mountain, n.: — sabana; ogsd; monte. 
mountain side, n.: — canton ogsd. 
mourn, v, i.; to grieve; to lament: — 

tatf^se. 



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87 



mourning, n.; sorrow; grief:— Into; 

trinlste. 
xnoumine, v. tr.; to put on mourn- 
ing:— ni-luto; lumuto. 
moose, n.:— ehftcan diquiqnl (rat: 

oh&oa; mouse, small rat). 
mouth, n.:-— paehot. 
mouth haimonica, n.: — ^bibig; b^ 

lembau-pachot. 
move, V. %,: — oalamten. 
move, 17. tr.: to remove:— nA-calamten. 
move, V. tr.; to stir up; to set in motion: — 

ohal6Jgii&; bate, 
move, V. t.; to walk; to leave; to depart; 

to go: — ^famocat; pocat. 
m.ovement, n./ motion: — ^yineitfS^j^olS^; 

mobimiento. 
much, adv.; great in quantity or amount: 

— l&jyayan; lajyan; m^gai. 
mudLage, n.; — goma; engrudo; cola, 
mulct, n.; penalty:— =mutta. 
mule, n.:— mula. 
multiply, V. tr.; to increase: — aumenta; 

muttipuca; n&-m^gae. 
multitude, n.; crowd; th^ populace: — 

m on chon t&otao; inetnon tdotao. 
municipal, adj.; pertaining to a city, 

state, or to a local self-government: — 

munisip&t. 
munition, n.; cartridges: — ^muniaidn. 
murder, v. tr., v. %.; to commit a mur- 
der: — ^railajye pumund; mamund. 



murderer, n.: — ^y mamuno pot trai- 

sion. 
murmur, v. %.; to rustle; to whisper; to 

rattle; to clatter:— cascas; go^Jgofig; 

cumuentos d^cacat. 
muscle, n.; shell:— concha; carac6t; 

gugat. 
muscular, adj.; active; vigorous; ro- 
bust:— masalegat; metgot. 
mush, n.; broth; pottage:— cado;potaje. 
mushrooni, n.; sponge: — ^inapulaijan; 

payon dujendee; tala£|^ jayo. 
mumc, n.: — dandan; musica. 
musical instrument, n.; — ^instru- 

mento mtisica; estotmento. 
musical rehearsal, n.: — ensaya y 

canta. 
musician, n.: — ^mtisico. 
mustache, n.; — bigote. 
mustard, n.:— mostasa. 
muster, n.: — ^rebista. 
mutation, n.; variation:— yinalac&. 
mute, adj.f adv.; silent; dumb: — ^udo. 
mutinous, adj.y adv.; rebellious: — gft- 

Jumatsamiento. 
mutton, n.; the flesh of sheep:— catnen 

quinlo. 
mutual, adj.f adv.; reciprocal: — ^um&- 

chawo; umdnogchft. 
myrrh, 71..*—— mira. 
mystery^ n.: — ^misterio; titufi{:uon na 

minagajet. 



N. 



nabob, n.; a very wealthy man: — ^rico na 

t&otao. 
najj, v. tr.; to scold: to find fault with con- 
tinually:— lalatde; chatlit. 
nail, n.;— labo; lulog. 
nail. v. tr.; to festen by nailing: — ^laba; 

luluque. 
nail to a cross, v. tr.: — atane gui 

ouiluus. 
nail puller, n.;— bogbog lulog. 
nails (on nngers and feet), n.: — ^p&pa- 

ques. 
naked, adj.; nude: — t&idajog; quesnudo; 

sin magago. 
name, n.:— n&an. 
name, v. tr.; to call; to denominate: — 

f&n&an; maf&ndan. 
nameless, adj.; without a name: — sin 

n&an. 
nap, n.; a short slumber: — siesta, 
nape, n.; the back of the neck: — 

eepinaso. 
napkin, n.;— setbiyeta. 
narrate, v. tr.; to tell; to give an account 

of: — sart^ne. 
narration, n.; gossip:— cuentos. 
narrow, aaj. ,adv.; close; strict ; straight :— 

angosto; tunas. 
narrow, adj.; pressed together: — ^mafnot. 
narrow, aaj.y adv.; thin:— canifes. 
nation, n.; — ^nasidn. 



native, n.; — t&otand; tdotao tand; 

natibo. 
native cattle, n.; — guacan tand. 
natural, adj., adv.; accidental; by 

nature: — naturat; timanAnafifega. 
natunJ^ adj.; genuine: — ^naturat; pure, 
naturally, cufv.— depot8i]&. 
nature, n.; the universe; natural order of 

things: — atottan Ytius. 
naught, n.; nothii^: — tayft; sero. 
jXBXLfghtjf adj., adv.; bad; perverse or 

mischievous: — t&ilaye; baba; picaro. 
nausea, n.; disgust; aversion:— indson; 

diegustao; linayd. 
nauseous, adj., adv.; loathsome: — ^nft- 

mas&; aequeroso. 
navigable, adj.: — ^nabegable; mamftya; 

sifiamftya. 
navigate, v. tr.; to steer or manage a boat; 

to sail: — ^nft-m&ya; dirije pat maneja y 

batco. 
navigator, n.:— nabegad6t. 
navy, n.: — ^marina; nabio. 
near, adj.; close bjr: — ^jijot. 
nearly (it seems as if almost ), adv.: — 

c&n&j&. 
nearly, adv.; possibly: — sffiajft. 
neat, adj., adv.; decent; clean: — gasgas; 

aliilau. 
neat, adj., adv.; nice (speaking of girls); 

beautiful; handsome: — dudus; bonita; 

pachuchai^. 



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necessary, adj.: — neeesirio. 
necessary y adj.; it is necessary; it is im- 
portant; it is fitting: — conbiene; pre- 

siso. 
necessary, adj.^ adv.; certain: — ^presiso; 

seguro. 
necessity, n.; need: — neeesid&d. 
neck, n.: — tollgjo; cueyo; agagft. 
necklace, n.; — cadena; lisayo. 
need, v. tr.; to want: — ^nesesita; malagd. 
needful, adj., adv.; necessary: — ^nese- 

sitao; neses^o. 
needle, n.;— iaguja. 
negative, adj.; denying; refusing: — ^ne- 

gatibo. 
negative, n.; photo plate, developed, 

snowing lights and shade the opposite 

of those in nature:— contra. 
neglect, v. tr.; to slight: — aglid; des- 

cuida; desatiende. 
negligent, adj., adv.; slack; slovenly; 
; loitering; remiss: — deseuidao; 



negotiate, v, tr.: — tratos (tratoe pot 
cometsio). 

neighbor, n.; — ^beslno. 

neighboring, adj.; situated nearby: — 
besino. 

neighbor, v. tr., v, %,; to be a neighbor: — 
bumesino. 

neighborhood, n.; region; tract of 
country: — comatca; besino; pais. 

neither, pron.: — ^niuno (nor, conj.: ni). 

neither, conj.: — ^ni. 

neither nor :— ti ni ti . 

nephew, n.; — sobrino. 

nerve, n.; fiber; sinew; tendon: — n6t- 
bio; gugat; fottalesa. 

nervous, adj., adv.; sinewy: — ^mi-gagat; 
netbioeo. 

nest, n.: — dxonchon. 

net, n.;— l&gu&. 

neuter, adj.; of neither sex: — ^tl laje ni 
ti pal&uan (neither man nor woman). 

neutral, adj.; unbiased^ indifferent:— 
neutrat; ti mdmumo; indilerente. 

never, adv.; at no time: — ^minca; ni un 
tiempo. 

never, adv.; nowhere: — tayft nae; ni- 
mano: nunca. 

nevertneless, adv.; in spite of; not- 
withstanding: — sin enbatgo; con todo 
que. 

nevertheless, adv.; but; notwithstand- 
ing: — sin enbatgo; lau. 

new, adj.; recent in origin: — ^nuebo. 

new moon, n.: — ^nuebo na pulan. 

newspaper, n.: — gaseta. 

next, adj.: — fiun; oriya; otro; prtScsimo; 
mas jijot. 

nice, aaj., adv.; fastidious; precise:— bu- 
nito; fastidioso; puntudt. 

nicety, n.; precision; fastidious deli- 
cacy: — delii^esa; presi8i6n; fastidi- 
oso. 

neice, n.; dau^ter of a brother or 
sister : — sobrina. 

nigh, adj.; near:— jijot. 



night, n.: — ^pue^l^ue. 

night, n.; afternoon; evening:—^ 

pue£S^e; pupue^e. 
nine, cSj.: — ^nuebe. 

nine hundred, adj.: — ^nuebe-sientos. 
nineteen, adj.: — desenuebe; dies y 

nuebe. 
ninety, adj.: — ^nobenta. 
ninny, n.; simpleton; — sensiyo; sfmpli. 
ninth, adv.: — min& nuebe. 
no (opposite of yes), adv.: — aJ6; mu^;a. 
nobby, adj.; stylish: — andd. 
Noah's ark, n.: — arcan Noa; atcan 

Noa. 
noble, cm/;., adv.: — ^noble; manjulon. 
nobody, n.; no one: — ^ni uno. 
nod, n.; a quick inclination of the 

head :— ^6n|^gUeii^. 
nod (indicating denial or negative), 

V. t.;— gii^liggilellg. 
noise, n.; bang; clap (of a falling body 

striking the ground): — ^buruca; ta^ag; 



noise(of breaking wood), n.; — cheecheg. 
noise, n.; rustling: — ^buruca; ruido. 
noise, n.; subh as the rattling of keys: — 

calascas. 
noncommissioned officer, n.; — cabo. 
noon, n.: — taldane. 
north, n.: — ^lago; gui lago; san Is^o. 
nose, n.; organ of smell: — giiiellg. 
no sooner than, conj.; as soon aw:— 

gufgonjft; guieon. 
notch (in a knife edge), n.; — ^maft^. 
note (in music), n.; — ^nota. 
not guilty, adj., adv.; innocent: — 

inosente; t&ilsao. 
nothing, adv.; none: — tayft. 
notice, n.; notification; report: — ^fa&ilft; 

not^casi6n; notfsia. 
notify, V. tr.; to give notice; to make 

known:— nft-matuil^; notifica. 
notion, n.; opinion^ belief j inclina- 
tion:— sentido; opini6n; jinefifegue; 

inclinasi6n. 
notoriety, n.; the state of being noto- 
rious : — ^pubUcao . 
not ready, adj.; unprepared: — despre- 

benido; ti Iflisto. 
notwithstanding, prep.; in spit^ of; 

nevertheless: — sin enbatgo; con todo 

que. 
notwithstandixig that, conj.; though; 

although; albeit:— achog; achogjft; sin 

enbatgo na. 
noun, n.; a substantive: — ^nftan. 
November, n.: — ^nobieinbre. 
novel, adj.; of recent origin: — ^modetno. 
novelty, n.;— nobed«td; ninuebo; guaja 

nobeda. 
novice, n.; beginner: — ^prensipiante; 

tititujon. 
now, adv.; at the present time; quite 

recently; to-day: — ^pftgo. 
now and then, adv.; once in a while; 

sometimes:— pftgo yan ayu; cada un 

rato; palo tiempo. 



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nudge, V. tr.; to touch gently (ae with 
the elbow): — totpe^ chanda. 

nuisaaice, n.; anything offensive, in- 
jurious, vexatious, or annoving: — 
dafio: estotbo; mol^stia; petjuisio. 

null, adj.; void; of no legal force:— nulo; 
ti bale. 

numb, adj.; torpid; deprived of sensa- 
tion:— maetdot; timafii^fiionte. 

number, n.; unit: — ^numero. 

numeral, n.; symbol or word expressing 
a number: — ^numero. 



nuptial, n.; pertaining to marriage: — 
nu^fli&t. 

nuptials, n.; a marriaf^; marriage cere- 
mony:— boda; casamiento. 

nursery, n.; apartment for young chil- 
dren: — criansa; sagan fama^tiun. 

nursery, w.; a garden for rearing young 
plants: — plant^l; atm^stea. 

nurture, v. tr.; to nourish; to feed: — 
nutrimento; n&-chocho. 

nutriment, n.; nourishment: — ali- 
ment o. 



o. 



oh I interj.; alas! woe! — adajel ojala! 

pago! 
oak, n.: — roble (roble, jayo na majetog; 

ma u usa para maf&tinas batco, etc.). 
oar, n.; i)aadle:— p6g8ai-bote. 
oath, n.: — ^Jula; luramento. 
obduracy, n.; nardness of heart: — 

in&guaguat; minajetog-corason. 
obdurate, adj.; hardened in feelings: — 

tetco; majetog; dgua^at. 
obedience, n.; submission to authority; 

dutifulness: — obedi^nsia; i n e s g u e; 

cumplido; manoso^ue n! tinagd. 
obedient, adj.^ aav.; dutiful: — osgon; 

obediente (confotme ni y otden y otro^. 
obese, adj.; corpulent; fat: — ^lodo; 

yomog; dd]figculo tataotaofta. 
obey^ V. tr.; to comply with the orders 

or instjructions of: — osgue. 
obleot, V. tr.; to oppose; to retort; to 

demur; to put in by way of reply: — 

muli|^; opone. 
oblect, n.; tning: — jinafa; jafti; butto. 
objection, n.; adverse reason: — timi- 

nalag6; oposisi6n. 
obligation, n.; charge; office:— catgo; 

obugasi6n. 
oblige. V. tr.; to render a favor to; to 

f-atify : — ^flxiaborese . 
liged, adj.; under obligation: — 
obligao. 

obUeing, adj., adv.; pleasing; agree- 
able: — ^fafatpai; fd£&borese; yafta man 
nae fabor (or fabot). 

oblique, adj., adv.; aslant; awry; slop- 
ing: — ^guellg; s^sgao. 

obliterate, v. tr.; to efface: — ma funas. 

oblivion, n.; the state of being blotted out 
from memory: — minalefa. 

oblivious, adj.y adv.; liable to be forgot- 
ten; forgetful: — j&malefa; mdmale- 
fajrun. 

obscure, adj.; dark; illegible; secluded; 
humble : — jomjom. 

obscure, v. tr.; to darken; to dirty; to 
take away the luster: — ti-anog; nft- 
cachai^. 

observe, v. tr.; to contemplate; to look 
at; to view; to watch: — &tan; espia; con- 
templa; jaso. 

obsolete, adj.; gone out of date; dis- 
used: — bijo; antfguo. 



obstacle, n.; difficulty; vexation; cha; 
grin; obstruction: — minapot; di^usto- 
estotbo. 

obstacle (in the way while driving), 
n.: — estotbo gui chalan; gadon. 

obstinate, adj.; stubborn; dogged; stiff- 
necked :— &guaguat. 

obstruct, r. tr.; to impede; to prevent; to 
hinder: — estotba; chom&; impide. 

obstruction, n.; obstacle; hindrance; 
impediment: — impedimento; estotbo. 

obtain, v. tr.; to attain; to accomplish; to 
reach: — consigue; chul6; mato; jajulat 
chumuld . 

obtuse, w/i., adv.; dull: — obtuso; tdi- 
punta; foaa; fiafid. 

obvious, adj.y adv.; evident: — ^mani- 
festo; mababa; claro; magajet. 

occasion, n.; opportunity: — ocasi6n; 
opottunidad ; guinailu^t. 

occasional, adj., adv.; mcidental; casu- 
al: — acsidente. 

Occident, n.; the west; the countries west 
of Asia and the Turkish dominions: — 
Occidents; ocsidente; sanlichan. 

occupant, n.; one who has possession: — 
ocupante; sumag^ye. 

occupation, n.; — tinand^ ocupasidn. 

occupy, V. tr.; to spend time: — empleo; 
gaioflsio. 

ocean, n.; — tasi. 

October, n.; — octubre. 

odd, adj.; unusual; peculiar; eccentric: — 
taig&6hon. 

odious, adj.; unpopular; offensive: — ^ma 
chatiil; ti ma guaiya; nft^maast. 

odium, n.; hatred; dislike: — difnatlil. 

odor, n.; scent; fragrance: — ^p&upau; 
p6u. 

odorous, adj.; fragrant:— p&upau; mau- 
leg pdufia. 

offend, V. tr.; to insult; to outrage; to 
affront: — ofende; n&ald; isdgtie; afta; 
nft-ch&tsaga. 

offend, V. tr.; or to insult bodily; to do 
harm to: — afla. 

offense, n.; injury; assault: — ^injtlria; 
ataque; fatta; inetende; ja contra y lai. 

offensive, adj., adv.; repugnant; taste- 
less: — desabrido; chocante. 

offer. V. <r..— -ofrese; promote. 

offering, n.: — inefrese. 



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office, n.;— ^eo&; ofisio; empleo. 

office, n.; charge; obligation: — eatgo. 

office, n.; commiaBion: — encatgo. 

officer, n.; person commisBionea to per- 
fonn a certain public duty:— oflaiftt. 

officious, a^.; meddling:— ^flsioeo; en- 
tremetido. 

offspring, n.; successor: — desendiente; 
patgon. 

oft, ado,; often; frequently: — seso; m^i 
na biaje. 

oil, n.;— la&a; as^te. 

oilcloth, n.:— hule. 

oil cruet, n.;— asaitero. 

oil lamp (of small size), n.; — caadit 
la&a. 

oil press, n.; wine press:— prensa para 
znamA la&a o asaite. 

ointment, n.; an unctuous substance 
applied to a wound or injured part: — 
esLgiiente; amot para chetnot; pdlai. 

old, adj.; aged; ancient:— de edad; amcd; 
bijo; anuguo. 

older, adj., adv.: — amc6&a. 

old mian, n.; — ^bijo na t&otao. 

olive oil, n.; — araiten oliba. 

ominous, adj.; foreboding evil; inaus- 
picious: — desf aborable . 

on, prep.; upon; at; near: — san Jil6; 
jildfla; ayo; jijot. 

once in a while, adv.; a few times: — cada 
l&-abmam; cada rato. 

one, adj.; single in number: — uno. 

one-armed, adj.: — ^malS^o. 

onerous, adj.; burdensome; weighty; 
oppressive: — tirano; macat. 

onion, n.: — seboyas. 

only, adv.; singly; merely: — solamente; 
m^iisa. 

only one, adv.: — ^tinojft. 

onward I interj.; advance! — adelantal 

open, adj., adv.; ajar; unfastened: — 
mababa; abietto. 

open, v. It.; to spread out:^baba. 

opening, n.; hole: — ^binaba; abettura. 

operate, v. tr., v. %.; to work* — ^nH- 
calamten; fachdchd. 

operation, n.; surgical performance 
with instruments: — operasidn. 

opinion, n.; intentionj thought; memory; 
reason: — ^jinaso; opim6n. 

opium, n.;^-dpio; amot na ndn&maig6. 

opponent, n.; adversary: — contr&rio. 

opportune, adj.; well-timed; season- 
able: — opottuno; contiempo. 

opportunity, n.; convenient time or 
occasion: — opottunid&d. 

oppose, v. tr.; object; to retort; to demur; 
to put in by way of reply: — aguaguate; 
opone; ti malagd; resiste. 

opposite, adj.; inimical; hostile; ad- 
verse: — contrario; atlibes. 

opposition, n.; hostile resistance; ob- 
stacle: — timinalagd; oposisi6n; con- 
trdrio. 

oppress, V. tr.; to press; to afflict: — 
aprjeta; pujot. 



oppressed, adj.; distressed; depressed:— 

inadite; gatgado. 
oppression, n.; injustice:— impuesto; 

injustfsia. 
option, n.; power or ri^t of choice; 

wish; selection: — deseo; minalagd. 
opulence, n.; wealth: — abundansia; 

rico; micosas. 
or, conj.; otherwise; else: — pat; o; osin6. 
oral, adj.y adv.; verbal:— verbat; vetbat; 

mas^i^^jft. 
orange, n.: — caiet. 
orations n.; a formal public speech:— 

orasion. 
orchard, n.; an inclosure of fruit trees: — 

Jatdin de frutas; juetto. 
orchestra, n.; a body of musicians: — 

orquesta; mdsicos. 
ordain, v. tr.; to dispose; to decree; to 

prescribe: — decreta^ otdena. 
order, n.; command; injunction; rule: — 

tinagd; otden; disposisidn; areglo; 

fin&miiileg. 
order, v. tr.; to appoint; to determine; 

to fix; to intend; to design: — destina. 
order, v. tr.; to command: — tagd. 
order, r. tr.; to manage; to bespeak; to 

give order for: — encatga. 
order, v. tr.^ v. %.; to prepare; to make 

ready ; to dispose ; to arrange : — dispone, 
ordered, p. p.; appointed; arranged: — 

encatgsJo. 
orderly, adj.; regulated: — areg^ao. 
ordinciy, adj.; usual; customary: — 

otdinario; costumbre. ' 

ordnance, n.; artillery: — artUleria; 

caiLones. 
organ, n.; harmonium: — ami6nio; 6r- 

gano; atm6nio; 6tgano. 
organize, v. tr.; to regulate; to bring 

under rule:— aregla. 
Orient, n.; — oriente; sancatau. 
origin, n.; beginning; source; cause; 

derivation: — tinitujon. 
ornament, n.; adornment; embellish- 
ment: — adotno. 
ornament, v. tr.; to adorn; to clean: — 

omamento; adotno. 
ornament, n.; jewelry: — alaja. 
ornamental, adj., adv.; elegant; pretty; 

neat; nice:— bonito. 
oinphan. n.; child bereft of parents: — 

nu6tfano; hu^tfana. 
ortho^aphy, n.; art of spelling and 

writing words correctly: — ortografia; 

ottografia. 
oscillate, v. tr.,v. i.; to swing backward 

and forward; to vibrate: — osila; Idolao 

(sonido). 
ostensible, adj., adv.; apparent; held 

forth to view; plausible: — claro; ayo 

y sifia anog; ebidente. 
oilier, adj.; different; contrary: — otro; 

diferente; contrdrio. 
otherwise, adv.; in another manner; 

in other respects: — de otro modo; 

por otro motibo. 



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pantry 



otherwise, con;.; else: — o; otra manera. 
our, pron.; pertaiiiing to us; belongiug 

to us: — ^iyota. 
oust, V. tr.; to eject: — ^nH-j&nao; nsl- 

suja. 
out, adv.: without: — sajijiyoiS^; tdigue; 

fuera de. 
outbreak, n.; a breaking out; an erup- 
tion: — ^mabtdr; mfnabtk. 
outcast, n.; one who la driven or cast 

out: an exile: — y znadestilado; ma- 

yut6. 
outcry, n.; clamor; tumult: — umag^afLg- 

m&matai. 
outdo, V. tr.; to overstep: — ^fd^pos; upoe; 

upus. 
outlaw, n.; one who is deprived of le^l I 

benefits and protection:— bandido; 

bandolero. I 

outlive, r. tr.; to sur\dve: — ^xnumaog; 

l^lae; tdtatte matai. 
out of, adv.: — guine. I 

outrage, v. tr.; to insult:— insutta; ' 

mattrata; insulta; maltrata. 
outside of, vrep.; except: — fuera de. 
outside! aav.y interj.; out! get out! — 



juyuififel 
outward, adv., 



toward the outside :- 



y san jiyoiS^. 
ov€il, (My.; shaped like an egg; ellip- 
tical: — ob&t (obdl); mam& anacd na 
redondo. 



oven, n.; hearth; baking oven: — jotno. 
over, prep.; above; upon: — sanjild; 

jildfia. 
overcoat, n.: — ^manto; sobretodo. 
overcome, v. tr.; to subdue; to reduce to 

subjection; to conquer: — dr^ftau; julat; 

petde. 
overcome, v. %.; to be subdued; to be 

reduced to subjection; to bo con- 
quered : — maA^fiskVL, 
overlook, v. tr.; to control; to search; 

to view; to visit; to inspect: — egkgk, 
overripe (fruit), adj.; rotten:— yuyog; 

lamas, 
overseer, n.: — cabesiyo; capatas. 
overshadow, v. tr.; to cast a shade upon; 

to darken: — jome. 
overahirt, n.; shirt: — chinina. 
overtop, V. tr.; to surpass; to excel: — 

diles; fgue. 
overstep, v. tr.; to exceed: — up6s^e. 
overtake, v. tr.; to catch by pursuit: — 

guinach&. 
overturn, v. tr.; to throw over; to 

thrust: — ^puja. 
owe, V. tr.; to be indebted; to be in 

debt:— dibe; dfdibe. 
own, adj., adv.; proper; suitable; perti- 
nent; fitting: — ^propio; iyo. 
owner, n.; lord; lawful proprietor: — 

duefio. 



P. 



pace, n.; step; manner of walkii^: — 
paso. 

pacific, adj.; peace-making; mild; con- 
ciliating: — ^tra^frquilo . 

pack, V. tr.; to hold fast; to take; to 
seize; to fasten: — gafus; gapot; guot. 

package, n.; statue: — ^butto. 

pacified, adj., adv.; quieted; appeased; 
aasus^ed: — ^majgom; maguem; quieto. 

pacify, V. tr.; to appease; to calm; to com- 
pose :— nft-f amatquilo. 

pskdlock, n.: — asiradura; seradura. 

pagan, n.; heathen; idolater:— y uma- 
dodora y fatso na Yiius; pagano. 

page (in a book), n.: — ^pajina. 

pail (for carrying water), n.; — gutgu- 
reta; jara; batde. 

pain, n.; intense pain, especially re- 
ferring to thrust wounds, cuts, etc.; — 
eyng; puti; chetnot. 

painful, adj. J adv.: — ^majalati|:; mi puti. 

paint, V. tr.; to color:— penta. 

painter, n.;— pintot; y pfpenta. 

painting, n.;— pinenta; pepenta. 

pair, n.;— pares; pat. 

palace, n.; residence of a sovereign (in 
Guam, the residence of the gover- 
nor) :--palaBjro. 

palatable, adj.; savory; agreeable to the 
taste: — g61 sabot. 

palate, n.; the roof of the mouth:— 
p&ladad. 

4562—18 7 



pale, adj., adv.; colorless (complexion); 

pallid; sallow; wan: — ^b6gaion; chupon; 

jipato. 
pale, n.; stake; poet; pole: — estaco. 
pahn, n.; the inner part of the hand: — 

patma. 
palm, n.; palm tree: — tro£g^on patma; 

patma. 
palm wine, n.; coco juice; soiu: toddy: — 

tuba. 
Pahn Sunday, n.: — d a m e ^ g o n 

ramos. 
palpable, adj., adv.; obvious j easily 

perceived : — (daro; comprendiyon. 
palpitation, n.; quiver; tnrob:— linau- 

lau. 
pcilpitation of the heart, n.;— bo^- 

bolij^ y coras6n. 
palsy, n.; paralysis: — ^paralltico. 
paltry, acy.; worthless; contemptible: — 

tlUbale. 
pan, n.; frying pan: — ^pala^l^gana; sat- 

t^n; calaje. 
pan, n.; large size pan, about three feet in 

diameter: — cal&je; pala^gana. 
pancakes, n.; com cakes: — titiyas. 
panic, n.; sudden fright: — ^linijan. 
pant, V. %.; to gasp; to cough :--^ja. 
pant, V. %.; to breathe hard:-— ^nago^ 

na f ejman. 
pantry, n.; provision closet: — aparadot 

ne£g;can6. 



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92 



pajBaster 



papal, adj.: pertaining to the Pope, or the 

Church of Rome {example y papal bless- 
ing: graaian papa): — Beremdnias y 

papa gi4 gruima ytius. 
paper, n.; — p&pet. 
parable, n.; example; sample: — 

ejemplo. 
parade, n.; military display: — ^parada. 
paradise, n.: — ^paraiso; lafig^uit; lan^t. 
parallel, adj.; having the same direction 

or tendency: — pinarejon y dos raya 

punta a punta. 
parasite, n.; sponger: — dfdinae. 
paraaol, n.; a lady's sunshade: — som- 

briya; payo. 
parcel, n.; a small bundle: — ^balatan; 

paquete. 
pardon, n.; forgiveness; absolution: — 

petdon; inasii. 
pardon, v. tr.; to forgive: — asli. 
pardonable, adj.^ adv.; excusable: — 

aaifyon. 
pare, v. tr.; to cut away little by little (to 

pare an apple): — siifan; ribana. 
parent, n.; a father or mother: — 

parientes. 
parenthesis, n.: — ^parent^sis. 
parish, n.: — ^par6quia. 
parish children, n.; — ^feligreses. 
parochial register, n.; — can6nica. 
parsonage, n.; rectory; vicarage: — 

curate. 
park,n.; — ^plasa; patque; plasandem^'gae 

y dibetsi6n. 
parlor, n.; reception room; drawing 

room: — sal6n. 
parole, n.; word of honor: — palabra nl 

honrao. 
parson, n.; the incumbent of a parish; 

clergyman: — ^inamte; cura. 
part, n.; information: — patte. 
part, n.; piece; something less than the 

whole: — empd. 
part, n.; side: — echo£g:fLa. 
partake, v. i.; to take part; to share in 

common with others: — apatte. 
partial, adj., adv.; inclined to favor one 

side; oiased: — patte. 
partible , adj. , adv . ; divisble : — dibidiyon. 
participate, v. tr.; to divide; to make 

into parts; to share: — ^f4cai. 
particle, n. an atom: — ^pedasitos. 
particular, adj., adv.; distinct from 

others; individual: — ^t&iparejo; 

sumaj^ue. 
particularly, adv.; in particular; spe- 
cially: — sumasajiSg^ue; eepesidtmente. 
parting, adj.; separating: — p&patte; n6- 

desapatta. 
partizig, n.; division; a taking of leave: — 

nindj&nao; jlninao; inddi]^o. 
partition, n.; division: — maf&cai; 

finical, 
partition wall, n.; division: — dibisidn. 
partly, adv.; in part: — palo. 
partner, -n. : business associate: — guni&- 

chon^ 



party, n.: — ^pattidon; linajyan. 

pass, n.; narrow pass; defile; low ground r 

low country: — guftgsalik; findgu^- 

8alti;gudgsal6. 
pass by (speaking of a parade or proces- 

sion), V. i.: — ^malofan y If can; desfila. 
passage, n.; sieve; filter; inlet: — ^fan- 

Jaluman; pasaje. 
passenger, n.: — ^pasajero. 
passion, n.; strong deep feeling or excite- 
ment: — ^pa8i6n. 
passion, n.; the sufferings of Christ in hi» 

last agonies:— pasidn. 
Passion Sunday, n.; the fifth Sunday in 

Lent: — dame^gon pasidn. 
Passion Week, n.; the week following 

Passion Sunday: — semanan pa8i6n. 
passionate, adj.; impetuous; given to> 

anger: — ^j&bubo; impetuoso; jdpinalala. 
past, adj.; gone by; completed: — upus. 
past, n.; the time gone by: — y tiempa 

ni mftpos. 
past life, n.: — ^y mftpos na bida; y 

jagas na bida. 
paste, n.; — elSggrudo. 
pastry (in the shape of small balls)^ 

n.: — ^boflelos. 
pasture, n.: — ^pasto; pastaje. 
patch together, r. tr.: — Jetbana; 

patche. 
path, n.; road; footway: — cayon; fin& 

chalan. 
pathetic, adj., adv.; touching: — ^p&pacha; 

tdtac&. 
patience, n.; the quality of being calmly 

enduring; perseverance: — ^minesngon. 
patient, adj.; forbearing: — tdidson; ti 

bfbubo. 
patient, adj., adv.; persevering: — 

nies£g:on. 
patient, adj., adv.; resigned: — su£gon. 
patriarch, n.: — ^patriatca. 
patriot, n.: — ^y gumufiiya y tanofLa. 
patriotic, adj., adv.: — ^patri6tico. 
patriotism, n.; love of one's country: — 

patxiotlsmo; gilinalyan uno nt tanona. 
patrol, n.; policeman going around to- 

maintain order: — ^patrnya. 
patron, n.; protector: — patr6n. 
patronize, v. tr.; to favor; to aid; to- 

protect : — f aborese . 
pattern, n.; a model; sample; specimen; 

anything cut out or marked ready U> 

be copied :^6pia; muestra. 
patterns (for seamstresses), n.; fashion 

pictures : — ^figurin. 
pauper, n.; a poor person: — nftrnftse na 

taotao; pobre. 
pause, n.; — ^pausa; duda. 
pause, V. i.: — ^piunara; cumieta. 
paw, n.; the foot of an animal with 

claws: — patas gkgk. 
pay, V. tr.; to discharge a debt; to pay 

out: — abona. 
pay for, v. tr.; to discharge a debt; ta 

atone for:-»-apa8e; apasiye. 
paymaster, n.: — pagad6t. 



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pcicc 



93 



perspuug 



peace, n.; — mixiagueni; pas. 

peace, n.; quiet: well-being; relief: — 
minajgo£|[^ aliDio. 

peaceful, aaj., adv.: — maguexn; maj- 
gofig; pielfico. 

peaceful, adj., adv.; tacituru: — f4fat- 
quilo. 

peak (of a hill), n.; top (of a mountain): — 
y jild ogsd; puntan ogsd. 

peanut, n.; — cacaguatea. 

pear, n.; — operas. 

pearl, n.;— petlas. 

peasant, n.; farmer: — gu&guasan; lan- 
chero. 

pebble, n.; roundish stone: — ^redondo 
na achd; alutong. 

peck, V. tr.f v. %.; to stab; to pierce; to 
stick : — de^gcot. 

peculiar, adj., adv.; appropriate; individ- 
ual; strange: — espeeiat. 

pecuniary, adj.; pertaining to, or con- 
sisting of, money: — giiinaia. 

pedagogy, n.; the science of teaching: — 

peddle, n.; to travel about selling 

wares: — ^bende gui chalan. 
pedeBtrian, n.; one going on foot, or 

walking: — andad6t; peon (tdotao nl 

mam6mocat). 
peel, V. tr.; to shave; to scrape: — guagse. 
peel, V. tr.; to skin: — ^lasas. 
pell-mell, adv.; confusedly; one crowd- 
ing the other: — conftisamente; mau- 

i'chon€«. 
pen, n.; feather: — pluma. 
pen, n.; a small inclosure; coop: — 

diiquero. 
penalty, n.; fine; legal punishment: — 

mutta. 
penance, n.; — penit6nsia. 
pencil, n.: — ^lapis. 
penetrate (needle, splinter, etc.), ^- 1-' — 

dochon. 
penetrate, v. tr.; to attack suddenly; 

to surprise (the enemy): — jatme. 
penetration, n.; sudden attack: — ji- 

natme. 
penitence, n.; repentance; contrition: — 

contrisi6n. 
penitent, n.: — cumomfesat; y ma- 

iiotsot. 
.penitentiary, n.; state prison: — 

sagan-castigo; Presfdio (of Guam, at 

A. -an). 
penman, n.; one who writes: — escri- 

biente. 
penmanship, n.; the art or style of 

writing: — ^boniton tinigui. 
penniless, adj.; without money; desti- 
tute: — til salapd. 
penny, n.; farthing: — cuadrante (rarely 

used). 
pension, n.: — ^pensi6n. 
penury, n.; poverty; want: — jailas. 
people, 71.; inhabitants; race: — taotao 

Bija. 



pepper, n.: — ^pimienta; don#. 
perceive, r. tr., v. %.; to see; to look; to 

glance:— lii; lid. 
peremptory, adj., adv.; positive; final; 

decisive: — g&i tittimo. 
perfect, adj., adv.; complete; absolute: — 

n&petfecto; cabales. 
perfect, r. tr.; to complete: — n&- 

cabales. 
perfection, n.; completeness: — quina- 

bales, 
perforate, v. tr.; to go through: — iseg. 
perform, v. tr.; to do or carry out: — 

chd^gtte. 
perfume, n.;— p&upau. 
perfunctory, adj., adv.; done carelessly 

or negligently with the purpose of 

getting rid of the duty: — descuid&o; 

mamdlo. 
perhaps, adv., conj.; may be; by chance; 

haply: — acaso; canft; ju^gguan; sifiaj^; 

jonaguiyon. 
peril, n.; danger; jeopardy: — ^peligro; 

riesgo. 
perilous, adj., adv.; dangerous; difl5- 

cult: — delicllo; peligroso. 
period (grammatical), n.: — punto. 
period, n.; interval of time: — ^periodo; 

t^tmino. 
perish, v. i.; to lose one's life: — jalu- 

man; maliiTgo jadjiiila; mali^o; m^tai. 
perish with thirst, v. %.: — m&tai- 

m&^jo. 
perjure, v. i.; to swear falsely: — chat 

manjula. 
perjury, n.: — chin^tmanjula. 
permanent, adj.; lasting; durable: — 

petmanente. 
permission, n.; condescension; allow- 
ance:— petmiso; lis^nsia. 
permit, r. tr.; to consent; to allow; to 

give permission for: — consiente; pet- 
mite, 
perpendicular, adj.: — tacho; tunas 

juld. 
perpetual, adj.; never ceasing: — ted' 

Uttimo; siempre dura, 
persecute, v. tr.; to drive away; to 

put to flight; to pursue: — dtilalag; 

petsigue. 
persecution, n.; pursuit: — ^pinetsigue; 

dinilalag. 
perseverajice, n.: — ^mineslSg^on; sini- 

siguija. 
persevering, cdj., adv.: — mesng^on. 
persist, v. i.; to persevere; to continue 

steadily in any course: — sisiguija; 

usune. 
persistent, adj., adv.; steadfast; per- 
severing; constant; industrious; dili- 
gent; assiduous; sedulous: — aplic&o; 

me ton. 
p ersistence , n.; constancy : — ^inisune . 
person, n.; — ^petsona. 
perspiring, aaj., adv.; sweating: — ^masa- 

jalum. 



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penuaile 



94 



pkisoie 



persuade, r. tr.; to influence by argu- 
ment, advice, or entreaty: — conbense; 
soy 6; n&-08gon. 

persuade, v. tr.; to move the heart: — 

persuade , v. tr.," to incite: — soy 6. 
pertain to,- v. tr.; to concern: — pet- 

tonese; toca. 
pertinacity, n.; obstinacy; stub- 

bornnes.-^ : — ^in&gua^uat. 
perturbation, n.; disquiet of mind: — 

inatborota. 
perversity, n.; malignity: — china tpa- 

yon; jinasc^on; indtlibes. 
pest, n.; epidemic; plague: — epidSmia; 

pes to. 
pestle, n.; rammer; beetle: — lemog; 

falo. 
pet, r. tr.; to fondle; to flatter; to caress: — 

fiuAa. 
petroleum, n.; kerosene: — ^petr61eo. 
petticoat^ n.: — euijen. 
petty, adj.; small; trifling: — dfquiqot. 
pharmacy, n.; — ^fatmasia. 
phonograph, n.: — fon6gTafo. 
phonograph record, n.: — ^platon fo- 

n6grafo. 
photograph, n . ;— litrato . 
photography, n.: — ^fotograffa. 
phrase, n.; a part of a sentence: — frase. 
physician, ?i.; — medico, 
pifi^o, n.: — piano, 
pick, n.; sharp-pointed tool: — ^pico; sa- 

capico. 
pick off, V. tr.; to gather; to pluck: — 

fanfd; tif6. 
pickle, r. tr.; to salt: — asne. 
pickle, V. tr.; to preserve: — escabeche. 
picnic, n.;— picnic. 

picture, n.: — ^l&mina; estampa; plancha. 
picture, n.; model; figure: — flg^ura. 
pie, n.; — pastet. 
piece n.; part: — empd; pedaso. 
piece (of cloth), n.: — piesa. 
pier, 71.; wharf; mole or jetty; a landing 

?]ace projecting into the sea: — pan- 
alan; mueye. 

pierce, v. tr.;'U) pull through (a cor'.): — 
Jotne. 

pierce through, v. tr.; to stick through; 
to make an opening into: — nd.-&dot> 
gan; dulug. 

piety, n.; devotion: — debo8i6n; dine- 
boto. 

pig, n.: — ^b&bui. 

pig, n.; wild boar: — b&buin jalum-tand. 

pigreon, n.; — ^paluma. 

pigsty, n.; pen for pigs:— -chiqueron 
b&bui. 

piled up, adj.; — abutt&o; ^iguitelui. 

pOl, n.; medicine:— pitdora. 

piUage, V. tr.: — chuld^g^uan. 

pillar, n.; a column to support a build- 
ing: — Jotcon. 

pillow, n.: — almojada; alunan. 

pUlowease, n.; cover: — ^fundas. 

pilot, n.; — piloto. 



pilot, r. (r.; to ^ide: — pilotuye. 

pin, n.: — 6,tfilet. 

pinch, V. tr.; to tweak; to squeeze: — 
ddon. 

pine tree, n.; fir: — pino. 

pioneer, 7i.;— mamanunui; guia. 

pious, adj.^ ad I .; religious; devout: — 
deboto. 

pipe (smoker's pipe), n.; — chigandd. 

pirate, 7i.; — pirata. 

pistol, n.;— pistola. 

pit, n.; well: — joyo. 

pitch, n.: — pes. 

pitcher, n.; earthen vessel for holding 
water : — g^tgore ta. 

pitchfork, n.: — t^nedot basula. 

pitiable, adj., adv.; deserving pity: — 
nft^piniti. 

pitifiu, adj., adv.; miserable; lament- 
able: — ch&tsaga; nS/m^OLB^; tafigsiyon. 

pity, n.; sympathy; compassion: — mi- 
imasd. 

pity) V. I.; to have compassion; to de- 
plore: — gai asl^; pinite. 

place, n.; location: — lug&t; sagan; sa- 
gayan. 

plague, 71.; epidemic: — epid6mia; plaga; 
peste. 

plain, adj.; devoid of ornament: — ^yano; 
yanura; sensiyo. 

plains, n.: — planas. 

plaintiff, n.; one who commences an 
action in a coiu^ of law: — acusad6t; 
demandad6t. 

plait, n.; braid; tress: — filag. 

plan, 71.; drawing; sketch: — dibujo; 
piano. 

planet, ti.; a heavenly body revolving 
round the sun: — plane ta. 

plank, 71.; thick board: — tabl6n. 

plant, V. tr.: — tanme; tanum. 

plant, V. tr.; to build; to till the fields: — 
planta. 

plantation j n.; field: — tinanum; tina- 
nom. 

plantation, n.; plowed ground; field: — 
guald; fangualiian. 

plaster, ti.; chalk: — emplasto; yeso. 
j plate, 71.; — ^bandeja; plato. 

play, n.; game: — juego; Idime. 
' play, V. tr.; to play a musical instru- 
ment :^Hlandan. 
; play, v. i.: — jugando; jumugando. 
I play, V. tr.; to play cards: — fan balaja. 
; play, V. %.; to play the mendicant: — 

umd^chimd. 
; play, n.j trick: — salamajf^a. 
' play, V. %.; to play with a top: — tolompo. 
I playing cards, n.: — ^balaja. 
I plaza, 71.; market place:— plasa. 
I plead, V. tr.; to aigue or reason: — toca; 

defiende jafa nu y rason* gag^e. 
I pleasant, adj., adv.; deligthful; agree- 
able :—n&^magof. 

plea 

ing ;- 

I pleasure, ti. / gladness :—miaagof. 



saidng, adj.y adv.; agreeable; oblig- 
ing:— f&fatpai. 



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plemifiil 



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preaQOf 



plentiful, adj. J adv.; copious: — abun- 

d&nsia. 
pliable, adj.j adv.; easily bent; flexible: — 

fiaba; ildujan. 
pliers, n.; small pinchers for holding 

small articles: — tinasa. 
plot, n.; scheme: — sitio. 
plow, n., v.: — alado. 
pluck, V. It.; to pick off:— fanf^; iting; 

joca. 
plum tree, n.; — ensina; eiluero. 
plumage, n.;— plumaje. 
plumber, n.: — ^latero; plomero. 
plump, adj.f adv.; heavy, coarse: — 

bastoB. 
plunder, v. tr.; to rob; to despoil: — 

amot. 
plunge down, v. i.; to be precipitated: — 

ach&icag; yut§ pap& gui janom. 
plural, n.; more than one: — plurat; 

m^gae. 
poach, V. %.; to trespass; to shoot or steal 

game: — silqui. 
poached egg, n.: — estreyas. 
pocket, n.: — ^botsa. 
pocketknife, n.: — nab&ja. 
poetry, n.; poesy:— poeafa. 
point, n.; — ^punta. 
point, V. tr.; to sharpen (a pencil): — 

tasme. 
pointed, p. p.; sharp; adj., a<fv.;keen: — 

acadidog. 
poison, n.: — ^bineno; jiina. 
poison, V. ^r.; "biiieniiye; tatf \ 
poisonous, adj.: — jijuna; bineno; t6- 

tatfie. 
pole, n.; stake: — estsKia; palo. 
pole (of a wagon), n.;— latgero. 
polish, V. tr.: — nft-lamlam; nft-fino; 

nii-na^jlos. 
poli3hed,ad;;.; furbished:— lamlam; mij- 

los; pulido. 
polite, adj.y adv.: — cottesano. 
politeness, n.; — cottesla. 
political, adj. adv.; pertaining to poli- 
tics: — ^politico, 
pond, n.; a pool of stagnant water: — 

bafiadero. 
ponv, n.; — cabavito. 
pool, n.; body of stagnant water; swamp; 

lagoon: — jagoi: sisonyan; bafiadero. 
poop, n.; stem of ship: — ^popa. 
poor, adj.; needy; abandoned:— poble; 

dejao; maguem; miche; n&^maase. 
poor man, n.: — ^nesesit&o. 
poor souls, n.: — dnimas. 
pope, n.; the Holy Father: — papa; y 

santo papa, 
popular, adj.y adv.; pleasing to the people; 

plebeian : — ^maguef tu£g6. 
populace, n.; population; people: — pob- 

lasion; todo y taotao gui sengsofig; sofig- 

sofig pat siudd. 
popularity, n.; general esteem: — 

magueftu£|^d; y maguiiyan yan ma- 

4n5ocon un t^tao, etc. 
pordu, n.; portico; vestibule: — galeria. 



pores of the skin, n.; — madog 

t&taotao. 
pork, n.; — tosino; catnen bdbui. 
porous, adj.: — taj^cala. 
port, n.; haven:— puetto. 
portable, adj.: — cnulion. 
portion, n.; piece; part: — pedasltos; 

pedaso. 
portly, orf/.:— yomog. 
pose, n.; attitude or position: — ^posa; 

posisidn. 
position, n.: — ^posisidn. 
positive, adj.y adv.; actual; direct: — 

magajet; poisitibo. 
possess. V. tr.; to have: — guija. 
possession, n.: — giiinaja. 
possible, adj.y adv.; practicable: — ti 

fajateg; ffitinason; posiole; sumifia. 
I possibly, adv.; nearly: — ^mojon; calan 

sumifta. 
post, n.; pole: — estaco. 
post, n.; guard; watchman: — gu&tdia. 
posterity, n.; issue; progeny: — desen- 

d^nsia. 
poBt|>one, v. tr.; to retard: — retatda; 

detiene. 
pot, n.; cooking kettle: — cant&ro; 

la-iiva. 
pot (used for boiling water), n.: — 

catdero. 
potato field, n.: — fali^amutiyan. 
potatoes, n.: — batatas, 
pound (weight), n.:^libra. 
pound, V. tr.; to crush; to ram:— p6son. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour in: — chdme; nfiye. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour into a cup: — ate. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour out: — chudft; basia. 
poverty, n.; want; penury: — jailas; 

pineble. 
powder, n.: — ^p6tbola. 
power, n.; vigor; strength: — finette; 

nin^ifia. 
powerful, adj.y adv.; brave; mighty: — 

famoso; manjulat: metgot. 
powerless, adj.y adv.; weak (referring 

to human beings only):— dafft; 6^chd- 

cho. 
practicable, adj.y adv.; possible: — fft- 

tincwon. 
practice, v. tr.; to occupy one's self 

with: — tan§. 
praise, n.: — tinina. 
praise, v. tr.; to laud; to commend: — 

alaba; alabado. 
praise, v. tr.; to honor; to approve: — 

tuna, 
praised, adj.; blessed: — ^bendito. 
praiseworthy, adj.: — tunayon. 
pray, v. %.: — tiyuyut. 
prayer, n.: — tin&itai; tindyuyut. 
prayer, n.; silent prayer: — tin&itai 

jinalum. 
precede, v. tr.; to advance; to go be- 
fore: — ^n&-f6na; fdndigu^. 
precious, adj.; dear; expensive: — 

gu&iyayon; presioso; gudguan. 



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precious, adj.; valuable: — gu&gTi&n; 

preeioso. 
precipice, n.; abyss; chasm; gulf: — 

canut. 
precipitous^ adj., adv.; steep: — didog. 
precise, (w/;., adi.; exact; strict; accu- 
rate: — estricto. 
prefer, v. It.; to give the preference 

lo: — gailaco; gaoco; lAU-foiia. 
prefei*, v. tr.; to love: — gu&iya; guef- 

gudiya. 
preference, n.; ti£fection: — giiin&iya. 
preferred, adj.; selected: — giiinanye; 

ma^ yeg. | 
prejudice, v. tr.; to deceive: — acachaye; 

n^-liimen; dague. 
premeditated, adj., adv.; designed: — 

adrude; calan maja^srlgon. 
preparation, n . ; prepared nes5 : — pri- 

nepara; preparaaion. 
prepare, v. tr.: — aparejo; prepara. 
prepare, v. tr.; to prepare rood; to sea- 
son; to roast; to broil: — g-uisa. 
prepare, v. ir.^ v. i.; to make ready; to 

dispose; lo arrange; to order: — dispone; 

n^-listo. 
prepare, v. tr.; to put in order; to rem- 
edy:— fam&uleg: f&mdulique. 
prepared, adj., adv.; ready (for a jour- 
ney;: — atm&o; listo. 
prepared, adj.; ready :^listo; prepardo. 
prescribe, v. tr.; to ordain; to oispose: — 

decreta. 
prescription, n.; recipe; receipt: — 

reseta. 
present, n.: regalo. 
present, adj.: — gUigrue. 
present, v. tr.: — n&e; presenia. 
preserve, i-. tr.; to pickle: — escabeche; 

nft-maog. 
press, V. tr.; clasp; oppress; afflict: — 

aprieta. 
press, V. tr.; to apply massage: — ^lasa. 
press down, v. tr.; to crush with the 

hand: — ^Jofid. 
press in, v. i.; to crowd in: — afuettsas; 

gululumi. 
press out, v. tr.; to oppress: — jugum; 

siing; chiguet. 
press out, v. tr.; to squeeze out: — 

danas; fugd. 
presumptuous, adj., adv.; haughty: — 

presumido. 
pretend, v. tr.: — cadd. 
pretense, n.; excuse: — escusa. 
pretty, adj., adv.; neat; nice: — dudus; 

bomta. 
pretty, adj., adv.; fair; handsome: — 

gadbo; gatbo. 
pretty, adj., adv.; graceful; charming: — 

gaiefpago. 
prevent, v. tr.; to impede; to hinder: — 

estotba. 
price, n.: — pr^sio. 
prick, V. tr.; to urge on: — tucS,. 
prickly heat, n.;— 6tdon. 
principally, adv.; mainly: — prinsipat- 

mente. 



print, r. ^.;— impresa. 
pnntery, n.: — ^imprenta. 
prison, n.: — calaboso; prisi6n. 
prisoner, n.:— prisionero; t^otao cala- 

bo<*o. 
privilege, n.:-^ribil6Jio; fabot; bene- 

fibio. 
probable, adj., adv.; likely: — Jod^gui- 

yon; jengguan. 
probe, V. tr.; to investigate: — aberfgua. 
problem, n.: — ^problema. 
proceed, v. i.; to advance: — jum&nau. 
proceed! go on! — sigue mona! sigue! 
proceedings, n.; relations: — tratos. 
procession, n.: — ^Itlcau. 
procure, v. tr.; to provide : — procura. 
procure by effort, v. tr.; to win by 

conquest : — conquista. 
prodigal, adj., aav.; squandering; lav- 
ish : — de8petdiBi6o. 
prodigality, n.; squandering; la\i3h- 

ness :— despetdlsio. 
produce, r. tr.; to bring forth; to create: — 

famtH; nfi-guaja; n4-juyong. 
productive, adj., adv.; prolific; fruitful; 

fertile : — mfemamft. 
productive, adj., adv.; yielding; fertile; 

rich : — ganansioso . 
production, n.; generation: — 1 i n i 1 i s ; 

malilifi. 
profane, r. tr.; to desecrate: — ^profana. 
profess, V. tr.; to profess religious belief: — 

c6mfesat; safigan claro. 
profession, n.; trade; craft: — conbe- 

n^nsia. 
proficient, adj.; qualified; skilled: — 

nd.''sifia; adelant^. 
profit, n.; gain; benefit:— probecho. 
profitable, adj., adv.: — gai gan&nsia. 
progeny, n.; posterity; issue: — desen- 

densia; tatate. 
prohibit, v. tr.; to forbid: — chomft; 

proiibe; pruibe. 
prohibited; adj.; impossible; imprac- 
ticable: — chaot; chdchaot. 
prohibition, n.; interdiction: — ^inatot- 

taye. 
project (exoDiple: the tiles of the roof 

project}, V. i.: — ^malofan-mdna; s6- 

8obbla-m6na. 
prolific; adj., adv.; fruitful; fertile: — 

tegch^; jafna^. 
prominent, adj.; very high: — tag&jld; 

tag-jilo. 
promise, n.; vow: — promesa; prinemete. 
promise, v. tr.; to give hopes of: — 

promote, 
promote, i'. tr.; to advance; to raise to 

higher rank:— n&-cajul6; jatsa (gui 

ofSio). 
prompt, adj., adv.; agile; quick: — cha- 

dig; listo. 
pronounce, r. tr.; to articulate: — pro- 

ntinsia. 
proof, 71.; — finllntie; prueba. 
propagate, v. tr.; to transplant:— n&- 

famt&. 
propagation, n.: — pin^g^ai; minamtH. 



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Vaify 



proper, adj.; correct: — ^pr6pio. 

property, n.:— giiinaja. 

prophesy, v. tr.; to tell one's fortune: — 

adibina; sa^^ antes. 
]>rophet, n.: — ^profeta. 
proportion, n.;—i]iaya; chinUoi^; pro- 

potei6n. 
proportional adj.; eoual: — chilo^g^. 
propose, V. tr.: — sangan; propone. 
proposition, n.: — sinaiSfi^aTi. 
proprietor, n.; owner: — duefLo. 
propriety, n.; fitness: — conbendnsia. 
prosecute, v. tr.; to persecute: — d^alag. 
prosper, v. %.; to thrive: — ^lumMa- 

^aja. 
prosper, v. %.; to make progress: — 

adelanta. 
protect, V. tr.; to shelter: — ampara; 

gogOe; proteje; saguane. 
protect, V. tr.; to favor: — ^faborese; 

proteje. 
protection, n.; guard:— guinegtte. 
protection, n.; patronage; favor:— fab6t; 

finaborese; protec6i6n. 
protector, n.; defender: — g^^g^e. 
protege^ n.; child to be baptized: — 

Jado; jada. 
protest, V. %.; to remonstrate: — ^protesta. 
proud, adj.f adv.; haughty: — sob^tbio. 
prove, V. tr.; to show; to demonstrate; 

to evince: — tkaHe, 
provide, v. tr.; to sustain: — abia. 
provide for, v. tr.; to care for: — de- 

sempefLa; ndrguajaye. 
province, n.: — ^probfnsia. 
]>rovi8ion, v. tr.; to supply with food: — 

n&-fl:ae-nft; ni-gae tenjgguafig. 
provc^e, V. tr.: — ^n&-cal6Jft; n^-ma- 

m^jlao; atborota. 
provoked, adj.; angry: — mam&Jlfio; 

bubu. 
provoking, adj.; challenging: — ^probo- 

catLbo; atborotao. 
prudent, adj., adv.; wise: — ^faye. 
public, adj.^ a<fi;.; celebrated:— ma jiSg^og. 
public, adj.f adv.; common; general: — 

comthi; publico, 
publish, V. tr.: — aeatfgfi&ilon. 
puddle, n.; mud puddle: — ^fanatas- 

cayan; ataaca; fanfachian; fachd. 
pull, V. ^.."^-cfiicai; jala. 
pull, V. tr.; to pull nails: — desclaba. 
pull, V. tr.; to pull out the hair: — gajpot. 
pull, V. tr.; to pull out by the roots: — ^fSld. 
pull down, V. tr.; to throw over: — ttiguft. 
pull down, V. tr.; to draw down: — 

chapag. 



pull out, V. tr.; to sprain (a joint): — 

lagnus. 
pull out, V. tr.; to draw out:— gosne. 
pull through, V. tr.: — ensatta. 
pulley, n.; tackle: — ^Uche£^. 
pulpit, n.;— atrit; pdtpito. 
pulse, n.: — ^potso. 
pump, n.: — ^bomba. 
pumpkin, n.: — calamasa. 
punctual, (uf/.yOcf?;.; zealous: — cumpUdo. 
puncture, n.: — suzni; madog. 
punish, V. tr.; to chastise: — castiga. 
punishment, n.; torment: — castigo. 
punv, adj.; weak:— d^bit. 
pupil, n.: — disipulo. 
purchase, n.: — finajan. 
purchase, n.;— flnajan. 
purchase, v. tr.; to get for a price; to 

buy: — fajan. 
purchasable, adj.; for sale: — fajanon. 
pure, adj. J adv.; unadulterated:— puro. 
purgative, n.; cathartic medicine: — 

potga. 
purify, V. tr.; to cleanse: — ^nft-gasgas. 
purity, n.; cleanness: — guinasgas. 
purloin, v. tr.; to steal:— fan-entayag; 

saque. 
purport, n.; meaning; design: — jina- 

Buye; dinetetmina. 
purse, n.; receptacle for money: — 

botsa; pottamoneda. 
pursue, V. tr.; to persecute: — dtUalag. 
pursuit, n.; chase: — petsigui. 
pus, n.; matter:— chugd. 
push, V. tr.; to crowd: — siixSg. 
push, V. tr., V. i.; to thrust; to push 

away : — ohone g. 
push along, v. tr.; to drive on; to impel; 

to make the lamp bum brighter: — 

atisa. 
pushcart, n.; handcart: — caretiya. 
put forward, v. tr.; to discover: — 

descubre. 
put in, V. tr.; to lay in; to bring in:— 

n&-Jftlum. 
put in order, v. tr.; to remedy: — alifia; 

kmiuleg; f&maulique. 
put off, V. tr.; to postpone: — nft-abmam. 
put on, V. tr.; to wear (a garment): — 

cachet, 
put on, V. %.; to put on shoes: — catsa. 
put to sleep, V. tr.: — ^n&-m&igd. 
put^, n.; — galagala. 
puzzle, n.;— guiniEkdon. 
pygmy, n.; <marf: — nano. 



Q. 



quack, n.; charlatan; fakir: — mamft- 

b&baba. 
quadrangular, adj.; four-cornered; 

square: — cuadrao. 
quadruped, n.: — cuatro-patas. 
quail, n.: — codotnis; ben|beiig. 
quake, v. i.; to tremble; to shako:- 

ni& yelS:^o£g:; lAulau. 



quake, n.; earthquake:— yelSgyo£g; 

linau. 
qualification, n.; qualit>[ or endowment 

(as to fitness for a position or office): — 

calificasidn. 
qualify, v. %.; to render fit for an office or 

position: — ^ma nft-m&uleg; n^-fanu- 

n^; na-tomtom. 



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quality, n.; kind: — clase. 

qualm of conscience, n.; — chin&chat- 
Jinaao. 

quantity, n.; — cantid&; min^gae. 

quarantine, n.: — cuarentena. 

quarrel, v. %.: dispute; to contradict; to be 
at variance; to disagree: — 6guag:uat; 
dpul&i; mumu. 

quarrel, n.; contention: — um&guaguat. 

quarrel, n.; obstacle; difficulty; vexa- 
tion; chagrin; indignation: — disgusto. 

quarrelsome, adj.y adv.: — tagmomyon; 
tag-momye; g&-mimo. 

quarry, n.; stone quarry; cascajo quar- 
ry: — fanachtlan; cascajo; ch^hdachd. 

quart, n.; quarter of a gallon; a meas- 
ure: — cuatto. 

quarter (of the moon), n.. '^-cuatto. 

quarter-deek (of a ship), n.: — san 
tate. 

queen, n.: — ^r&ina. 

query, n.; question: — fin&isen; questidn. 

question, v. tr.^ v. i.; to ask; to interro- 
gate: — x&isen. 

question, v. i.; to hesitate; to doubt: — 
duda; bu^buente. 

question, n.; matter of dispute: — ques- 
ti6n. 

questionable, adj., adv.; undecided; 
undetermined; doubtful; dubious: — 
dudoso. 

quick, adj. J adv.; agile; prompt: — chadig; 



quick, adj., adv.; brisk; alert: — ^maca- 
lamya; calamya. 

quick, aidj.y adv.; speedy: — s&Jyau. 

quick, adj., adv.; swift; fleet: — gust. 

quickly, adv.; soon; swiftly: — ti-abmam. 

quickness, n.; speed; activity: — ^ni listo; 
minacaUmya. 

quicksilver, n.: — as6gue. 

quicksilver, v. tr.; to cover with quick- 
silver : — asoguiye. 

quiet, V. %.; to quiet down; to become 
cool: — mamatquilo: mipau. 

quiet, adj., adv.; calm; at rest; tran- 
quil: — ^mamatqufquilo; tranquilo; cat- 
ma. 

quiet, V. tr.; to heal: — ^nft-maJgo£g. 

quiet, adj., (k/v.; peaceful; tranquil; 
healthy: — ^majgo£g; saludable. 

quiet. V. tr.; to relieve; to alleviate: — 
n&-l&maJgo£g; alfbia. 

quill, n.; — ^pulon-pajaro. 

quilt, n.; coverlet; coimterpane — sobre 
oama. 

quilting seam, n.; — iinetbana; itbana. 

quit, V. tr.; to leave behind; to forsake; 
to desert; to abandon; to leave: — 
desampara; dii^o; pdlo. 

quiver, n.; throb; palpitation: — l&ulau. 

quiz, V. tr.; to question: — ^frijon; ade- 
binaye. 

quote, V. tr.; to adduce a passage from 
some author or speaker: — sita; sangan. 

quote, V. tr.; to give the current price of; 
to make an offer: — ofrese. 



R. 



rabble, n.; noisy crowd or mob: — 

atborot&o; man boroauento. 
race, n.; contest of speed :^-carera. 
race, n.; sex; breed; variety: — ^rasa. 
racket, n.; tennis racket: — ^panag tenia, 
radiance, n.; brightness; luster: — ^inin&- 

gas; linamlam; minHlag. 
radiant, adj., adv.; emitting rays of 

light or heat: — ^m&lag; mdmalag; figan. 
radlotelegraphy, n.: — telegrafia de 

r&dio. 
radish, n.; — ^r&banos. 
raffle, n.; lottery: — ^rifa; loteria. 
rafter, n.; inclined beam (or bamboo 

rods) supporting the roof of a house: — 

tijeras-guma. 
rag, n.; a fragment of cloth: — talapos. 
rage, v. %.: — ^r&bia; bubo; lalald. 
raffgedy adj.; rent or worn into rags; 

destitute: — gof matiteg; masapala^; 

jdtalapos. 
rsols. n.; wooden or iron bar fence: — 

rejas. 
railing, n.; balustrade made of pillars; 

edge of billiard table: — ^balandiyas. 
nulroad, n.; — ^fero carit. 
railroad train, n.; — ^fero carit. 
rain, n.: — ^uchan. 
rain, v. %.; to fall in drops from the 

clouds: — ^ti-uohan. 



rainy, adj.: — ch6t&an. 

rainy season, n.; — fan uchanan; fa 

flata-anan. 
raise, v. tr.; to lift up; to pick up (from 

the floor); to erect: — Jatsa; cajat. 
rake, n.: — ^p&inen basula. 
rally, v. tr.; to eoUect and arrange: — 

ma-f&m&uleg; ma-aregla. 
ram, n.:— p6son. 

ram, v. tr.; to stick; to stab:— togchA. 
ramble, v. i.; to wander or rove about: — 

buetta; 6tadnon. 
rammer, n.; beetle; pestle: — ^falo. 
ramrod, n.;gunstick: — ^baqueta; baque- 

tan paque. 
ranch, n.; farm:— lancho. 
rancid, adj., adv.; fetid: — ^r&nsio; bijo; 

majatigui^. 
ranM, n.; kitchen range; stove: — fogon. 
rank, n.; position; grade: — ^ramo; gwwio. 
rap, V. tr. v. %.; to strike a quick, sharp 

blow; knock: — atan; adag; dacut. 
rapacious, adj.; greedy; avaricious: — 

nambriento; mdtai fiala^. 
rapid, adj., adv.; very quick; swift: — 

s&jvayau; gdsisl; chioideg; sajyau; 

gust; chadeg. 
rapture, n.; extreme pleasure or de- 
light: — ^tittimon minagof. 



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recreatioi 



rare, adj., adv.; unusual: — esoaso; jasan; 

raro; ralo. 
raah, adj.y adv.; hasty, incautious: — 

pinalala; j6pinalala. 
raah, n.; an eruption of the skin:— lodog 

jaff&; ronchas. 
rat (the Norway, or brown, rat), n.; — 

ch&ca (mouse: ch&can dlquiqui: small 

rat). 
rate, n.; ratio; proportion: — ^poco mas 6 

xnenos; d rason ae. 
rather, adj.; much more; to the con- 
trary: — ^xnas bien; maulegfia. 
rather, adv.; sooner; more willingly: — 

niAB bien; gus^fia; chadegfla. 
ration, n.;— pattida; rasidn. 
rational, adj.y adv.; agreeable to reason; 

wise; judicious: — minagof&a; confot- 

mefia. 
rattle, n.: — ^matraca. 
rattle in the throat, v. i.: — ^161osos. 
rat trap, n.: — 6codon ch&oa. 
ravage, v. tr.; to lay waste; to pillage: — 

man yuyutd; man despetdfsia. 
rave, v. i.; to rage as a madman :'-bubon 

inatmariao. 
raven, n.: — ag^. 
ravenous, adj., adv.; greedy; voracious: — 

goloso; hambriento. 
raw, adj.; uncooked; crude; sore: — ^matft; 

ti maea. 
ray, n.; a line or pencil of light: — ^rayo; 

unian inina. 
raze, v. tr.; to level to the ground; to blot 

out: — ^rasa; funas. 
razor, n.; pocketkniie: — ^nab&Ja. 
reach, v. tr.; to accomplish; to obtain; to 

attain; to follow: — conBig:ue; tacft; jagd. 
reach, v. tr., v. %.; to grasp: — gaichft; 

jacot. 
read, v. %.; to pray: — t&itai. 
ready, adj., adv.; finished; complete: — 

monjayan; esta listo. 
ready, adj., adv.; prepared at the mo- 
ment: — ^monjan; monjayan; magpd. 
ready \ interj.: — 68ta 1 y^ta ! 
real, adj.; actually existing- genuine: — 

magajet; minagajet; pr6pio. 
real estate, n.; land and all pertaining 

thereto: — ^propiedM tan6. ; 

realization, n.; accomplishment: — \ 

Jinaso; ma ja^. I 

realize, v. tr.; to make real or actual: — 

n&-maeajet. 
really, aSv.; with actual existence; in 

truth: — ^magajejetj realmente (Sp.). 
realm, n.; state; empire: — ^imp6rio. 
reap, v. tr.; to cut with a scythe: — ^yabaa. | 
rear, n.; the part behind me rest; last in ! 

order: — tate; san tate. ] 

reason, n.; common sense: — ras6n. | 

reasonable, adj,, adv.; equitable; fair; 

low-priced; suitable; cheap: — ^barato; 

rasonable. 
reasonable, adj., adv.; sensible:— raso- 

nable; gai rason. 



rebel, v. tr., v. %.; to mutiny; to revolt; to 

assail; to seize; to attack: — embeste; 

jumatsamiento; jatsamiento. 
rebellion, n.; tumult; insurrection: — 

latsamiento. 
rebeUions, adj., adv.; mutinous: — gai 

iumatsamiento; lembeste. 
rebound, v. %.; to recoil:— rebotbida. 
rebuke, n.; reprimand: — ^lal&tde. 
rebuke, v. tr,; to reprimand; to chide: — 

lal&tde. 
recall, v. tr.; to call back; to revoke: — 

n&-mlljfiao; t&lo tate; mdjiiao. 
recant, v. tr.; to deny: — ^pune. 
recede (water), v. tr., v. %.; to become 

dry: — apan. 
receipt, n.; acceptance: — ^rinesibe; re- 

sibo; acsepta; chuld. 
receipt, n.; reception: — resibo; chule. 
receive, v. tr.; to accept: — ^resibe; 

acsepta. 
receive, v. tr.; to catch; to seize: — 

ch&jlau; jacot. 
recent, adj.; of late origin; new: — ti 

abmam; ti abmam \%. 
receptacle, n.; vessel: — ^n&yan; sdi^uan. 
rec^tion, n.; entertainment: — dibet- 

sion; minagof. 
recital, n.; narrative: — a^-naygfrftTi 
recite, v. tr.; to repeat aloud from 

memory :— dinimemoria. 
reckless, adj., adv.; heedless of conse- 
quences; careless: — ti y6daje; are- 

batdo. 
recklessness, n.; heedlessness; careless- 
ness: — descuid&o; tai inadaje. 
reckon, v. tr.; to count or compute: — 

tufo£g^; ma^ofig. 
recline, v. %.; to rest; to repose: — apft; 

apd; descansa. 
recognizance, n.; avowal; ackijowledg- 

ment : — ^nireconose. 
recognize, v. tr.; to acknowledge: — 

reoonose. 
recollect, v. tr.; to call to memory: — 

jaso; man jaso. 
recommend, v. tr.; commend: — ^reco- 

mienda. 
recommendation, n.: — ^r e c o m e n - 

dasi6n. 
reconcile, v. tr.; to atone; to expiate; 

to make reparation; to give satisfac- 
tion; to pay: — empas; n&-d-fftmduleg. 
reconnoiter, v. tr.: — espia; man espia. 
record, n.; register; public document: — 

rejistro. 
record, v. tr.; to mark down; to note 

down: — apunta. 
recover, v. %.; to amuse one's self: — 

tatnon; tumatnon. 
recover, v. %.; to recover from sickness: — 

Jomld; numftlo. 
recovery, n.; restoration to health: — 

Jineml6; numftlo. 
recreation, n.; amusement; refreshment 

after toil: — descanson j chdchdi. 



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recruit, n.;— recluta. 

rectify, v. tr.; to correct; to set right: — 

corije; n&-dinanche; rectefica. 
rector, n.; clergyman: — oura. 
rectory, n.; parsonage; vicarage: — 

curato. 
recuperate, v. i.; to become less se- 
vere:— mago£g; Wmago^. 
recur, v. %.; to return to the mind: — 

tftlon juznaso. 
red, adj.: — agagft. 
red, adj.; sun-burned:— d&gua. 
reddish, odj., adv.; ruddy: — ^m e y o 

agag&; medio agagft; atagft. 
redemption, n.; release; ransom: — 

redime. 
redress, n.; relief; reparation of wrong: — 

rxxk fftm&uleg y mlache. 
reduce, v. tr.; to diminish; to make 

smaller: — ^n&-la-dlquiqui; rebaja; re- 

duse. 
reduction, n.; diminution: — ^nirebaja; 

dinesminuye. 
reed, n.; bamboo; cane: — ^pfao; pfau. 
reed pipe, n.; bamboo pipe:— cmgand6 

pfau; tubon p(au. 
reef the sails, v. tr.: — ^riso y laya^. 
reel, n.; angler's implement; bobbin: — 

para mamalulon. 
refer, v. %.; to allude:— reflere. 
refine, v. tr.; to separate from impurities; 

to educate or improve: — refiiia; nA- 



refit, V. tr.; to prepare afresh :—nA- 

nuebo. 
reflect upon, v. tr., v. i.; to be of the 

opinion; to imagine; to conjecture; to 

think; to cogitate: — jaso; pinarejon 

jinaso. 
reflect, v. %.; to reflect lightly; t6 rever- 
berate (sound): — ^rebotbida. 
reflect, v. tr., v. %.; to throw back rays 

of light: — reflejo. 
reform, v. %.: — ^mafiotsot; nft-fafiotsot. 
reform, v. i.; to make better; to cor- 
rect: — enmienda; n&-liasentado; re- 

fotma. 
refract, v. tr.; to break the natural 

course of (light, vision, etc.): — ^Jom.e. 
refractory, (Kfj.jCuft;.; stubborn; coarse: — 

&guaguat. 
refrain, v. tr.; to abstain from action: — 

sustiene. 
refresh, v. tr.; to reinvigorate; to re- i 

store: — ^n&-l&fresco; refresco. , 

refreshing, adj., adv.; cool; fresh: — ! 

refreresco; fresco; dalibia. 
refreshment, n.: — ^nirefresco. 
refrigerate, v. tr.; to cool: — ^nft-fresco; 

nA-manefigjefi^. ' 

refrigerator, n.; ice box: — ^garapiiiera. ' 
refuge, n.; protection from danger or 

distress: — fanliji£g^an; reflljio; fana- 

t6gguan; fanatugan. 
refuge, v. i.; to take refuge: — ^refujlar; | 

atog; Ujefig. | 

refuse, n.; place of refuge; retreat; , 

asylum: — ^lijeng; fan Ujingan. I 



refusal, n.; rejection:— pinine; riniusa. 

refuse, v. tr.; to decline; to reject:— 
reusa; puni. 

refuse, n.; excrement: — tt\k\ indplacha. 

regain, v. tr.; to recover possession of; 
to get back:— chuld tAlo. 

regard, v. tr.; to heed; to esteem: — 
repara. 

regardless of that, conj.; notwith- 
standing: — sin eso; sin enao; descui- 
dao. 

regime, n.; mode or system of govern- 
ment: — guinibietna; manera de pre- 
seder. 

regiment, n.; — ^rejimiento; batayon 
(battalion). 

region, n.; tract of country: — rejion; 
pedason tand. 

registrar, n.; official who keeps a rec- 
ord :— registraddt. 

regret, n.; mental sorrow: — siente; 
sentimiento. 

regret, v. tr.; to rue; to be sorry for; 
to repent: — ^mumafiotsot; faflotsot; 
puminite. 

regular, adj., adv.; uniform; methodi- 
cal: — ^regtuat. 

regulate, v. tr.; to bring under rule; to 
order; to organize: — aregla; regula. 

rehearsal, n.: — ensayo. 

rehecurse, v. tr.: — ensayo. 

reign, n.; — ^rainado; guinibietna. 

reign over, v. tr.; to rule; to dominate: — 
^bietna sobre; m^asd. 

rein, n.; bridle; curb: — ^rienda; freno. 

reinforce, v. tr.; to strengthen:— n&- 
l&fltme. 

reiterate, v. tr.; to repeat: — ^repite; 
repete. 

reject, v. tr.; to refuse: — ^reusa. 

reloice, v. i.; to be glad: — ^mumagof. 

relate, v. tr., v. i.; to tell; to describe: — 
saltan; esplica. 

related, adj.; kin: — ^pum arientes. 

relatives, n.; kin: — ^parientes; paren- 
tela sija. 

relax, v. tr., v. i.; to slacken; to enervate; 
to become enervated: — oumicalo; aflo- 
ja; fiumabH. 

relaxed, adj., adv.; flabby; soft; loose: — 
flojo; fiabai. 

release, v. tr.; to recover; to save; to 
redeem; to ransom: — ^rescata; masotta. 

relent, v. %.; to yield: — sede. 

relics, n.; — ^reliquiae. 

relief, n.; mitigation; alleviation; eas- 
ing: — descanso; alibio. 

relieve, v. tr.; to free from pain, suffer- 
ing, or grief: — ^n&-magof ; alibia; conau- 
ela. 

religion, n.: — ^relijion (jinen&uen para as 
YSus). 

religious, adj., adv.; devout; pious: — 
deboto; relijioso. 

relish, v. tr.; to enjoy: — gusto; mai^ue; 
gosa. 

reluctant, adj.; unwilling; disinclined: — 
ti magof; maldispuesto. 



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101 



resist 



remain, v. i.; to be left over: — tenjan; 

sobbla. 
xemaxkf n.; observation; comment: — 

obsetbaaiiSn; ndrepara; nota. 
remarkable, adj., adv.; extraordinary; 

uncommon: — atituyiyun; notable, 
remedy, n.; an efficacious medicine: — 

remedia; amte. 
remedy, v. 1r.; to prepare; to put in 

order: — f&m&uleg; rem^dia; na-sano. 
remind, v. tr.; to put in remembrance; 

to call to mind of: — ^reouetda; jina- 

son&aijon; jaso; jasuye. 
remind, v. tr.; to remind some one:— 

n&-}aso; jasuye. 
remiss, adj.^ adv.; negligent; slack; 

slovenly; tarrying; loitering:— descui- 

dao; fiojo. 
remit, v. tr.; to transmit money: — 

remite; n&-manae. 
remittance, n.; a sum of money trans- 
mitted : — ^niremite. 
remnant, n.: — tenjan; y sebbla. 
remnant of the betel nut (which is 

thrown away after chewing), n.: — 

&mama; ame. 
remonstrate, v. tr.; to expostulate; to 

argue with: — pro testa; embeste 

opone. 
remote, adj., adv.; isolated; lonesome; se- 
cluded: — m&isa; solo; estrailo; chinagd. 
removal, n.; transfer: — traslada; ma n& 

calamtenila; ma na janaufia. 
remove, v. %.; to change location: — 

remuebe; &go. 
remove, v. tr.; to peel off (the meat from 

the bone): — despega; faisensine. 
remove, v. tr.; to take away; to send 

away: — ^n&-janau; apatta; remuebe. 
remunerate, v. tr.; to recompense: — 

recompensa; remonera. 
renew, r. tr.; to restore; to renovate: — 

renueba. 
renewal, n.; renovation; revival: — ma 

n& nuebufia; nirenueba. 
renounce, v. tr.; to abdicate; to swear 

off: — rentlnsia; rechasa. 
renovate, v. tr.; to restore: — ^renueba; 



rent, n.; tear; fissure: — ^rasguiio. 
rent, v. tr.; to let by lease; to farm out: — 

arienda; adquila. 
rental, n.; amount of rent: — adquilet; 

adquilon. 
renunciation, n.; disavowal; rejection: — 

nirenunsia. 
rei>aration, n.; expiation: — apas; expia- 

8i6n; inempas. 
repeat, v. %.; to reiterate: — sesuye; 

repite; saf^n t&lo. 
repel, t. tr.; to drive back: — chanda; 

seja; janau tate. 
repent, v. tr.; to regret; to rue; to be sorrj- 

for: — faflotBot; repenta. 
repentance, n.; pain: — ^pinite; sinetsot. 
replenish, v. tr.; to fill up again:— 

sajguane tftlo; n&-bula; reyena. 



replete, adj.; completely filled up; full: — 

bula; lleno; yeno. 
reply, v. fr.; to answer: — contesta; ojpe. 
report, n.; account; relation; connec- 
tion: — ^inanogcha; cuenta; manifiesta; 

n&tufgd. 
repose, v. %.; to rest: — descansa. 
reprehensible, adj.; deserving censure; 

culpable: — ^lalat-diyon; fsau; culpable; 

sensurable. 
represent, v. tr.; to set forth; to display; 

to exhibit:— representa. 
representation, n.; exhibit; view; ap- 
pearance: — ^representasidn; nirepre- 

senta. 
representative, n.;— ^representante. 
repress, v. tr.; to quell; to suppress: — 

sujeta; sostiene. 
reprimand, v. tr.; to reprove: — ^lalatde. 
reproach, v. tr.; to upbraid: — ^reprende; 

ma nota. 
reprobate, n.; a profligate person: — 

desapruebao; bisioso. 
reprove, v. tr.; to denounce; to chide; to 

scold; to treat roughly: — &guaguate; 

ialdtde; desaprueba. 
reptile, n.: — t4gpapft; guigifig; culebla. 
republic, n.;— republica. 
repudiate, v. tr.; to spiun; to throw away; 

to cast away:— Hleseoha; rendnsia. 
repugnant, adj.; highly distasteful; 

offensive: — ch6tp&go; desabrido. 
repulse, v. tr.; to push back; to thrust 

back:— rechasa; chanda; n&-fapos. 
reputation, n.; fame:^fama; honra; 

maulegna n^n. 
request, n.; entreaty:— gln&gau; soli- 

sita; gagau. 
requiem, n.; mass for a deceased per- 
son: — inisan animas. 
require, v. tr.; to lay claim to:— gftgau; 

pretende; nesesita; cobla. 
rescue, v. tr.; to liberate; to set free from 

danger : — ^n&-libre ; satba ; rescata . 
rescue, n.; salvation: — satbasidn; ni- 

libre. 
research, n.; careful inquiry: — ^rebista; 

guin^faligau; gu^berigua. 
resemble, v. tr.; to have similarity to: — 

pumarejo; pumarerejo; um&chuid. 
resembling, adj., adv.; similar: — ^ja- 

chaigua; umacnule^ pumarerejo. 
resent, i*. tr.: to consider as an injury or 

affront: — nA-lamen; n^-famadese. 
reserve, v. tr.; to keep in store; to hold 

back: — ^resetba; n&-sajfigue; deposita. 
reservoir, ?i.; water reservoir:— dep6- 

siton Jftnum: fin& tangque. 
residence, n.; domicile: — sagayan; resi- 

d^nsia. 
resign, v. tr.; to. surrender formally; to 

withdraw from:- basta; para; resigna. 
resin, n.; rosin; rubber: — danjg^uis; brea. 
resinous, adj.: — mi-da£guis; cadangues; 

daiigsong; ca brea. 
resist, v. tr.; to oppose: — ^resiste; opone; 

rechasa; chabd. 



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102 



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resistance, n.; opposition: — resist^n- 
sia; inopone; chiiiiib&; nirechdea. 

resisting, adj., adv.; refractory; oppoe- 
ing: — op6pone; chdchabft; rechdcndsa. 

resi^ution, n.; resolve: — dMisi6n; reeo- 
lusi6n; dinetetmina; minatatn|:a. 

resolve, v. tr.; to intend: — jasuye. 

resource, n.; source of help or supply; 
expedient: — ^habio; gtiinaja; inayuda. 

respect, n.; regard; esteem; deference: — 
respeto; inestima. 

respect, v. Ir.; to honor; to esteem: — 
respeta; estima. 

respected, adj.; hic^hly regarded: es- 
teemed: — respetao; ma-estima; mima- 
respeta. 

respite, n.; term; fixed period: — plaso; 
tiempo. 

respond, v. tr.; to answer: to reply: — 
responde; ope; contesta. 

responsible, adj.; invoh-ing responsi- 
bility : — responsable . 

rest, V. I.; to rest on a foundation: — 
fat&chol!^; descansa. 

rest, V. %.; to repose: — descansa; maig6. 

rest, n.; quiet; peace: — descanso; 
quieto; tranquilo. 

restless, adj.; turbulent; unquiet: — 
16bog; t^i-quinieto; t4i-minajgon^. 

restitution, n.; compensation; 
amends: — apas; ninHn^o; debuetta. 

restore, v. tr.; to bring back to its 
former strength; to renew: — ^nA-tai- 
g^ijejft; renueba; nd saga t^lo. 

restrain, v. ir.; to check; to repress: — 
impide; apreta. 

restrict, v. tr.; to confine; to limit: — 
n&-g&iliniite; pou^le; n^-gdichi. 

restriction, n.; limitation; confine- 
ment: — minidiye; pinengle. 

result, V. %.; to follow as a consequence: — 
resutta; jumuyongfia; jiniyon^na. 

result, n.; consequence: — jiunuyofi^a; 
jiniyoiigfta; jumu^tinj^ pot jam. 

resurrection, n.:—A. i n & 1 & t&taotao 
tdlo; lin^ld tSlo; numt^lo ja^ne; niuMo 
linMft. 

resuscitate, v. tr.: — ^n&-ldl& tftlo. 

retail, v. tr.; to sell in small quantities: — 
aminudo. 

retail price, n.: — pr^sion aminudo. 

retain, v. tr.; to hold or keep in posses- 
sion: — resetba; guarda. 

retaliate, v. tr.; to return by giving like 
for like: — ^bine^ga; desquita. 

reticent, adi.; silent; reserved: — quieto; 
mamatquilo. 

retire, v. %.; to withdraw; to retreat; 
to recede: — ^n&-j&nao; jdnao; retira. 

retdred, adj.; solitar>'; economical; fru- 
gal: — ^retk&o; sumdjngue; recojido. 

retort, v. tr.; to return, as an argument; 
incivility; censure; accusation; to de- 
mur; to oppose; to object; to put in 
by way of^ reply :—aguagu&te; man- 
open lalald; opone; lalatde t&lo. 

redact, v. tr.; to rescind; to recant: — 
ndn&lo 7 fiiiijd; retractor. 



retreat, n.; privy: — escusao; beque; y 

quemon; comon. 
retribution, n.; reward or punishment 
suitable to the action: — sin&pet mku- 
leg; apas; apae pat castigo segun y 
machdgiie. 

retroerade, adj.; goinj? or moving back- 
ward: — smn^seja; jumaninaotate. 

return, v. tr.; to restore; to make resti- 
tution: — ^n&Lo; n&nilo. 

return, v. i.; to come back again; — 
tumalo-tate; mdjfiau. 

return thanks, v. tr.; to express crati- 
tude about; to acknowledge indebted- 
ness for: — agradese. 

reunion, n.; a festive gathering of famil- 
iar friends or associates: — reunidn; 
inetnon; nilajyan. 

reveal, v. tr.; to make plain or evident; 
to discover; to disclose: — deecubre; 
na-tui%6; nd-anog. 

revenge, n.; retribution; vengeance: — 
inemog; emog; bengansa. 

revenue, n.; the general income of a 
government; taxes; customs: — ^redito 
(y jumdialom gui gobietno pot apas 
aduana, lis^nsia, etc.). 

revenue officer, n.: — aduanero. 

revere, v. tr.; to regard with fear mingled 
with respect and affection; to rever- 
ence: — ^honra; respeta; reber^nsia. 

reverence, n.; veneration; honor; re- 
spect: — respeto; reber^nsia; ho'nra. 

reverse, v. tr.; to turn upside down; to 
change entirely: — ^n&-&tlibes; nft-di- 
lug; na-defi|;a; anula. 

revert, v. tr.; to turn back; to change: — 
mHjftau. 

review, v. tr.; to reexamine; to look 
back: — ^rebista; repasa; ecsamina t&lo. 

revile, v. tr.; to reproach; to abuse: — 
calmnnia; injuria; despresia. 

reviler, n.; slanderer; calumniator: — 
dldeshonra; calumniad6t. 

revise, v. tr.; to cOTrect: — n&^dinanche; 
rebista; repasa. 

revival, n.; renewal of life: — ^luniftl&; 
jomld t&lo; jinemld. 
, revoke, v. tr.; to countermand; to with- 
draw; to abolish; to dismiss: — deroga; 
n&nMo y finijd; rebuelbe; rebuetbe. 

revolt, V. tr.y v. %.; to rebel; to mutiny; 
to assail: — embeste; yduyau. 

revolution, n.; uprising: — ^mumon li- 
naiyan; rebolusi6n. 

revolve, v. %.; to turn around (as on an 
axis); to roll in a circle: — quflolog; 
buetta; lllic6. 

revolver, n.; pistol:— rebuelbe; re- 
buetbe. 

revulsion, n.; sudden change of feel- 
ing: — min am aich§ch6 ; redcsion; re- 
botsion. 

reward, n.; recompense; thanks; puti- 
tude; acknowledgmen t: — ^ninae; 
premie; agradesimiento; inagradese; 
gratificasi6n. 



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103 



roo^ 



rhetoric, n.; the art of speaking with 

eloquence and force: — ret6rioa. 
rheuinatiBzn, n.: — ^reuma; mamuten 

titaotao. 
rib, n.; curved bone supporting the 

lateral wall of the thorax: — costiyas. 
rice, n.;— -pucras; fae; jinegsft. 
rice (not hulled), n.;— fae. 
rice field, n.; — ^fama^jan. 
rice soup, n.: — al4guan. 
rich, adj.; wealthy; opulent: — ^migiii- 

naja; rico; mliyo. 
rich, adj., adv.; productive; >ielding; 

fertile: — gaxxansioso; probectoso. 
riddle, n.; enigma; puzzle: — ^inadibina. 
ride, V. tr.^ v. %.; to ride on horseback or 

in a vehicle: — ^udai; maudai. 
rider, n.:— y matiadai; mdmaudai. 
ridicule, v. tr.; to ridicule some one; to 

talk about the faults of others:— 

chatgtie; fl^machefij^ (g& cumuentos 

pot otro tdotao: gossip; one who talks 

about others). 
ridiculoiia, adj.y adv.: — chatg^yon; 

chatgon; butlon. 
riding whip, n.; rod; switch: — ^balas; 

bast on (latticework in the roof of the 

native houses, to which are fastened 

the braided cocoa-palm leaves: balaa 

euiu&). 
rifle, n.; gun: — opaque; rifle, 
rifle rao^e, n.;— -Dlanco: fomaquiyan. 
right, ay.; just; truthful; correct; fit; 

true: — tunas; mduleg; dinanche; justo; 

magajet. 
right-hand, adv.; on the right hand; to 

the right: — agapft; ^ui agap&. 
rigid, adj.; stiff; inflexible: — tiso; fitme. 
rinij n.; border; margin:— canto; banda; 

onya; rencon. 
rind, n.: — ^lasas Jayo pat fruta. 
ring, 71.; — ^aniyo. 

ring, n.; ear; handle; hook: — dflili^. 
ringj V. tr.; to ring a bell; to strike a 

Btnng; to play a musical instrument: — 

dandan; dili^ding. 
rip, V. tr.; to tear: — fiteg; sise. 
ripsaw, n.: — diachag niafiise. 
ripe, adj.; mature; ready for harvest: — 

sacan; tda* masa. 
ripe, adj.f adv.; done; cooked sufficient- 
ly- — ^masa. 
ripen (fruit), v. %.: — mumasa. 
ripeness, n.; maturity:— minasa. 
rise, V. %.; to ascend; to begin to stir: — 

oaJul6; jatsa; cajat. 
rise (the sun), v. tr.^ v. i.; to get up:— 

cajuld. 
rising, adj.; increasing: — aumenta; ade- 

lanta; lumalattild. 
rising, adj., adv.; growing; increasing 

(moon): — cresiente; quinajlljulo. 
rising water, n.: — jinafnd y tasi. 
risk, n.; hazard; venture; dare: — ^riesgo; 

peligro. 
risk, V. tr.; to hazard; to venture; to 

dare: — atrebe; ariesga; riesgo. 



rival, n.; one who strives to equal or 

excel another; competitor: — ribal; con- 

tr^o. 
river, n.; stream: — sadog. 
rivet, V. tr.; to clinch: — ^remacha. 
road, n.; path; street: — chalan. 
roam. v. %.; to ramble; to wander about 

aimlessly:— bagamundo; g|ljum^nao. 
roar, n.; cr>' of a large animal; loud 

noise:— pala£gfpa^; eaten fiumedog. 
roast, V. ^.;— tunu; na-toeta; dsadot; 

asao. 
roast, V. tr.; to broil; to fr>^; to season: — 

guisa. 
roasting spit, n.;— &s&dot. 
rob, V. tr.; to plunder; to deprive by force; 

to despoil:— amot; chul^uan; fan-en- 

tayag. 
robber, n.; thief: — saqui; atayag; ladr6n. 
robe, n.; loose outer garment: — sotajia. 
robust, adj., adv.; strong; vigorous: — 

fotte; fuette; masaj^gat; metgot; ro- 

busto; fuetsudo. 
robust, adj., adv.; stubby, short and 

thick: — fotnido. 
rook, n.; cliff; stone: — achd. 
rock, V. tr.; to rock a child in ih& cradle: — 

chuoan. 
rocker, n . ; rocking chair: — siyan 

niachucan. 
rocket, n.: — coj6tes. 
rogue, n.; cheat; villain; thief: — ^picaro; 

tonante. 
roll, V. I.; to turn with circular motion: — 



eg. 

to 



roll, n.: — ^finalulon; royo. 
I roll, V. tr.; to roll a barrel:— n&-g&lile 
' roll together, v. tr., v. i.; to coil up; 

curl up: — ^falulon. 
, roU, V. tr.; to roll together hurriedly: — 
I ap6delog. 
I roller, n.: — royo. 

! roof, n.; top covering of a house: — atof. 
. roof (made of coco-palm leaves), n.; — 
atof-jfgae. 
room, n.; chamber; apartment: — apo- 

sento; cuatto. 
roomy, adj., adv.; wide; broad: — mSL^^ 

guag; majuto. 
roost (the pole or perch upon which a 
number of fowls rest at night), n.: — ^fan 
maigdan manog. 
rooster, n.: — gayo. 
root, n.: — Jal6. 

root out, V. tr.; to grub up* to clear; to 
break down the witherect branches of a 
palm tree:— yabau; toto; ja'16. 
rope, n.;cord ; string; Une: — ^tale; cuetdaa. 
rosary, n.; necklace: — ^Usayo. 
rose, n.: — ^rosa. 

rosin, n.; resin; rubber: — dafiguis. 
rot, V. i.; to spoil:— lamas; putlUo; 

majafij^d. 
rot (fruit), V. i.:^bocha; lamas, 
rough, adj., adv.; imeven; rugged: — 

ccuaton: bronco, 
rough, adj., a(fv. :—maculatun; bastos. 



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104 



rough, adj., adv.: inattentivie; irrever- 
ent; disrespectful; rude; coaree:— de»a- 
tento. 

rough draft, n.; day book: — borad6t. 

round, adj.^ adv.; circular; rotund 
(ball, roll of writing, scroll, etc.): — 
adamelotig. 

roundabout way, n.; a way back; 
return: — ^buelta; buetta. 

route, n.; course; journey; march: — 
rumbo; chalan; cutso. 

rover, n.; fickle person: — bagamundo; 
pfcaro. 

row, n.; line; file: — flla. 

row preferring to a fence), n.; — enaatto. 

row (of houses), n.: — jilera; englera. 

rub, V. tr.; to brush; to scrape or scratch 
off: — Jotyat. 

rub, V. tr.; to knead; to apply massage; to 
press: — ^lasa. 

ruD, V. tr.; to rub smooth; to smooth 
out: — ^rasa. 

rub out, V. tr.; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to: — funas. 

rubbish, n.; debris (in building opera- 
tions): — &ntupa. 

rudder, n.; — tim6n. 

ruddy, adj.; reddish: — ^m^dio lormeyo) 
ag&g&^ atagd. 

rude, adj.f adv.; coarse; feeble-minded: — 
niod6ro. 

rude, adj.^ adv.; rough; inattentive; 
irreverent; disrespectful: — desatento. 

rude, adj., adv.; uncivil; ill-bred; imper- 
tinent: — ^n&08on; impettinente. 

rue, V. tr.; to be sorry for; to regret; to 
repent: — fafiotsot. ' 

ru^, n.; floor covering: — atfombra. 

ruin, V. tr.; to destroy; to demolish: — 
deajaae; desase. 



ruin, V. tr.; lay waste; desolate; de\'a8tate ; 

to consume; to devour: — araaa: des- 

petdisia. 
nue, V. tr.; to dominate; to reign over: — 

ff6Je; domina. 
rule, n.; order:— finAm&uleg. 
ruler, n.; one who rules: — ^y man ar^ 

regla; m|iga8. 
ruler, n.; instrunent fear ruling lines:— 

regla. 
rummage, v. tr.; to search carefully 

for: — guef reconose. 
rumor, n.; popular report; current 

story: — ^rumot; cuentos. 
run, V. %.; to move quickly; to flee for 

escape: — ^falago; malago. 
runner, n.; one who runs; racer: — 

f&falago. 
run aground, v. %.; to go ashore; to get 

stalled; to strand: — ^g^e. 
run around idly, v. t.: — tumatatnon. 
run away, v. %.; to escape (a danger): — 

escapa. 
run away, v. i.\ to escape: — ^fal&go. 
run away, v. %.; to jump: — pechau; 

p^chao. 
ruCn through, v. tr.; traverse; to go 

through :-^Wotgan. 
rupture, n.: — tumunog tilipas. 
rupture, n.; inguinal: — chinad&. 
rush, v. i.; to move or press forward 

with impetuosity; to enter with undue 

eagerness:— ach&icag; tugufig; tugong. 
rust, n.; — taqud lulog. 
rustle, V. t.; to murmur; to whisper: — 

beabes. 
rusty, adj.; covered with rust: — tinaqud 
rut, n.; the track of a wheel; groove 

hollow: — carit; chalan ruedan careta 



s. 



saber, n.: — sable. 

sack, n.; bag; pouch: — c68tat; b6tea. 

sacrament, n.; the Eucharist: — comu- 

ni6n. 
sacred, adj.; consecrated; inviolable: — 

santos; ma n4 santos; sagrado. 
sacrifice, v. tr.: — entrega; sacrifica. 
sacrilegious, adj.; vdolating sacred 

things: — s£M:;rilego (tinae respeto ni 

mafiintos sija na gUinaia). 
sad, adj., adv.; in bad humor; full of 

grief: — triste; tai-minagof; penito. 
sadden, r. tr.; to make sil: — n&- triste; 

n&-taiminagof; na-penite. 
saddle, n.; — siya (para y tatalo gaga); 

aparejo. 
saddle pad, n.; saddle roll; also fang; 

tusk : — cotmyos. 
safe, adj., adv.; free from danger: ee- 

cure: — t4ipeligro; seguro. 
safety, n.; freedom from danger: — 

tinaepeligro; Hinegiu-o. 
saffron, n.: — ^nia£g6; asafrdn. 



! sag, v. i.; to sink down; to \aeld: — 
I ni&tfgag; umasd; nin& asd; ini^^. 

sagacious, adj.; ingeniousj quick- 
witted: — tomtom; faye; listo. 

saj^e, adj., adv.; wise; discerning; well- 
judged; discriminating: — s&bio; tom- 
tom; m^jnalom (mduleg man jaso >-an 
manjusga). 

s£ul, 71.; — ^14yag. 

sail, V. i.; to be moved by a sail: — layag; 
lum^yaj?. 

sail, V. if.; to navij^ate: — nA-layag; 
nabegar (y ma n& jdiiau y batco gui 
jilo janom). 

sajlor, n.; mariner; seaman: — ^marine; 
marinero. 

sails, 7?. pi.: — ^bela (Chinese sails: belan 
China; cross sail: belan crus; Latin 
sai 1 : b elan Latin) . 

saint, adj., adv.; holy; sainted; blessed: — 
santos. 

salable, adj.^ adv.; vendible; venal: — 
bendiyon. 



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saU 



105 



scandai 



salad, n.: — ensalada. 

salary, n.; recompense for service ren- 
dered; stipend: — suetdo; apae. 

sale, n.: — benta. 

saliva, n.; slaver: — tdl&; babas (slaver- 
ing bib: fandl&an; babad6t). 

sallow, adj.; of a pale, sickly color: — 
b6^on. 

salmon, n.: — salm6n; satmdn. 

salt, n.: — asiga. 

salt broth, n.; — chig^an. 

saltcellar, n.; — salero. 

salted, adj.: — ^inasne; ma-asen. 

salted beef, n.; salt meat:— inasnen 
catne: satmu^ra. 

salted flsh, n.;~a8nentucon. 

salt-making plant, n.; — salinas. 

salty (sea water), oflf/.;— f&et. 

salubrious adj.; healthy:— nftlAlft; n& 

J'omld; saludable. 
vage, n.; compensation for saving a 

vessel or cargo at sea: — apas pat tkos^e 

pot y ma satban y oatoo pat y 

catgafla mi tase. 
salve, n.; tat ointment: — ^itf^guente; 

junto, 
saiver, n.; plate: — 6plato; plato; ban- 

deja. 
sample, v. tr.; to taste food: — tamtam; 

chague. 
sample, n.; parable; example: — ejem- 

plo. 
sample, n.; pattern: — ^muestra. 
sanctimoniousness, n.; — cadd dine- 

boto; calan sinantos. 
sanction, n.; approval; approbation: — 

aprobasidn; inaprueba. 
sand, n.: — ^tinai. 
sandals, n.; shoes of coarse leather: — 

doga; sanddUas. 
sandpaper, n.: — papet asero. 
sandwich, n.: — ^inarayot mantiqufya 

yan cat^e g^i pan. 
sandy, adj.: — ^nf-unai; 16fl6. 
sandy beach, n.; strand: — canton tlnai; 

inai. 
sane, adj.; mentally sound or healthy: — 

m&uleg ilufia; sano. 
sanguinary, adj.; murderous; cruel; at- 
tended with much bloodshed: — ^p^gnd; 

tdilaye; tdiag^. 
sanitary, adj.; hygienic: — gasgas; ti n& 

mala%o. 
sap, n.; juice (of trees, fruits, etc.): — 

chug6. 
sapience, n.; wisdom; knowledge: — 

min^Jnalom; tinifigd. 
sapling, n.; a young tree:— patgon na 

troi^o. 
sarcasm, n.; bitter, sarcastic expres- 

bion: — quinase. 
sash, n.; window sash; frame for hold- 
ing panes of glass: — cuadron bentana 

(para uguiniot y eapejos). 
satan, n.; the devil: — ^magfiganite; 

satanie. 



sate, V. tr.; to satiate; to fill to repletion; 

to satisfy: — ^n&-Jaspog^ n&-bula. 
sated, adj.f p. p.; satiated: — ^jaspog; 

bula. 
satiate, v. tr,: — tujus; bula; jaspog. 
satire, n.; sarcasm; ridicule: — satira 

(un sinafigan pAt cuentos anae ma na 

gogof anog y tiniilaye pat in^cho^). 
satisfaction, n.; contentment; gratifica- 
tion: — ^minagof: ninajoi^; quinen- 

tento; sinatisfecno. 
satisfied, adj.^ adv.; cheerful; delighted; 

joyous; merry; gay: — dibettido; magof ; 

najofig; satififecho. 
satisfy, v. tr.; to gratify; to pay in full: — 

n&-magof; nft-empas; nft-satisfecho. 
saturate, v. tr.; to soak; to imbue: — 

Jinatme; chinepchop. 
Saturday, n.: — sabalo. 
sauce, n.; condiment: — satsa; salsa; 

finft-deng; qu^lagtiin. 
saunter, v. t.;.to wander about idly: — 

lum&uya; tumatnon. 
sausage, n.;— chorisos. 
savage, adj.y adv.; fierce; wild: — ^macha- 

leg; ti maf&nfigQe; taias^. 
savage, n.; — ^t&otao Jalum tand. 
save, V. tr.; to rescue: — ^nH-libre; satba. 
saving, adj., adv.; niggardly; t'rifty; 

frugal; scanty: — gu^fmanaquijom; 

y6daje. 
saving, n.; — ^inid; inadaje; nindsdj- 

sa^dor, n.: — ^n&nftlibre; sdsatba; satba- 

d6t. 
savor, n.; flavor; taste; scent: — p6xL; 

tinamtam. 
saw, n.; cutting steel instrument with a 

toothed edge:— chachag. 
saw, V. tr.; to cut with a saw; to cut: — 

chachag. 
sawdust, n.: — aserfn. 
sawmill, n.: — ^m&quinan chachag. 
saw set (for setting teeth of saws), n.: — 

traban <^8M^ag. 
say, V. tr.; to relate; to speak; to utter; 

to declare: — salSg^an. 
sav nothing, v. i.; to keep silent: — 

lamatquilo. 
scab, n.; scujrf; itch: — ^latd; bosbos. 
scaffolding, n . ; staging : — and&mio; 

andame. 
scald, V. tr.; to bum with hot liquid or 

steam: — ^n&-paco; n&-matuno (gui ja- 

nom mdipe pat mantica). 
scale, n.: — ^peead6t; balansa. 
scales, n.; scurf (on the 8kin):-»gd^naf; 

escama. 
scalp, n.: — v lasas gui sanjild na 

banda gui ilo. 
scamp, n.; rascal: — uSg^uinon na t&o- 

tao; pfcaru na tdotao; ti m^uleg na 

t^otao; tdilaye na tiotao. 
scamper, v. %.; to hasten away: — p6chao; 

malago; umescana. 
scandal, n.; opprobrium^ defamation; dis- 
grace: — escandalo; tdilaye na ejemplo. 



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scmI 



106 



leat 



scant, adj., adv.; scarcely sufficient: — 

dfdid6; canft ti najonj^. 
8capeg^>at, n.; one who bears the blame 

for others: — ayu y oum&catga y isao y 

puznalo. 
Bcapulary, n.; monastic habit: — eaoa- 

pul&rio. 
soar, n.; weal; mark:— pilfau; paladan; 

dnmasilan. 
scar, n.; wound; mark: — liTimastian; 

paladan. 
scarce, adj., adv.; not plentiful; seldom 

met With:— 4calag; jalag; escaso; 

apenas. 
scare, v. tr.; to frighten; to strike with 

sudden terror: — ^fdiiagile; aminasa; n&- 

ma&^'fiao; jo^dg. 
scare, n.; a sudden fright or panic: — 

aminaso; mina^fiao. 
scare away, v. tr.; to frighten off: — 

espanta. 
scared, adj. :— lujan; espfmtao. 
scarf, n.; a light handkerchief or tie for 

the neck: — goden as;&g&; dtmadot. 
scarlet, adj.; of a bn^t red color: — 

&Sr^^; didog agag&fLa. 
scarlet fever, n.: — escatlatina; un 

clasen calentura. 
scatter, v. tr.; to strew out (seed): — 

cala£gca£g;ue; satpe. 
scatter apai%, v. tr.; to strew asunder; to 

dispel; to disperse:— chalapun. 
scattered, adp.; spread; diffused; dis- 
seminated (sickness, teachings, etc.): — 

machalapun. 
scavenger, n.; any animal that devours 

refuse: — ^basurero; masea jafa na g&gft 

ni ja cdcand y dnyut^. 
scene, n.; the time, place, or circum- 
stance in which anjrthing occurs: — 

esena; y tiempo yan y lugat ^mae ma 

susede masea jafa. 
scent, n.; odor; sense of smell; chase 

followed by means of the scent: — ^pau; 

pao; rastro. 
scent, V. tr.; to get a scent: — 6£gi£g:us. 
scepter, n.; the sovereign's staff: — setro; 

y baston nl jachdchuld y rae pat 

emperad6t. 
scholar, n.; student: — ^nianu£^d; disf- 

pulo; estudiante. 
scnool, n.; — escuela. 
schooner, n.; two-masted vessel: — 

goleta. 
science, n.; wisdom; systematic know- 
ledge :—tini£6d . 
sdentifib, adj., adv.; skillful; skilled 

in science: — ^m^Jnalom; tomtom gui 

tiniJi^. 
scissors, n.; rafters: — tijeraa. 
scoff, V. tr.; deride; calumniate: — adft. 
scold, V. tr.; reprove; to chide; to treat 

roughly :— lalatde . 
scoop, (mason's), n.; trowel: — cuohalan 

&tbafiit. 



scope n.; room or opportunity for free 

outlook or action; aim or intention: — 

lugat or guindelugat; libettid (para 

inatituye pat quinalamten). 
score, n.; bill; account: — cuenta. 
scorn, n.; contempt; disdain; derision: — 

despr^sio; mofa; minefea; butla. 
scorpion, n.: — alacr&n. 
scoundrel, n.; man without honor or 

virtue; low, worthless fellow:— plcaru; 

bruto. 
scour, V. tr.; to rub; to brush; to shave; to 

scrape; to scratch: — gU^sgiies. 
scouree, n.: — epid^mia; castigo; cala- 

midad. 
scow, n.; lighter; large flat-bottomed 

boat with square ends: — champan; 

sampan, 
scramble, v. %.; to clamber with the 

hands and feet:— fedos; chaicague. 
scn^, n.; a small or detached piece:— 

pedasito. 
scrape, v. tr.; to rasp: — gu&sguas. 
scrape, v. tr.; to scratch; to scour: — 

gu^sgues. 
scrape off, v. tr.; to scratch off; to brush; 

to rub: — ^jotyat; raspa. 
scratch, v. tr.: — etses; caeas; c&^guas. 
scratch (hens), v. tr.; to dig:— gtiadog. 
screw, n.; — totniyo. 
screw driver, n.;— destoniyaddt. 
acrimmage, n.; general row or tussle: — 

inftguaguat. 
Scriptures, n.; Biblical text; the Bible; 

Old and New Testaments: — ^y santos 

na tinigud sija; y bfblia. 
scrub, i>. tr.; to clean or scour: — ^bile; 

gudsguas. 
scrupulous, adj. , adv . : — dan^ ; escrupu- 

loso. 
scull, n.: — oalabera. 
sculptor, n.; — escultor. 
scum, n.; foam; froth: — espunia; boan. 
sciun, n.; impurities on surface of boil- 
ing liquids: — ^natas. 
scurf, n.; scales (on the skin): — escama. 
sea, n.; lagoon:— laguna; jagoy. 
sea, n.: — tasi; tase. 
seal, n.: — seyo; signo. 
sealing wax, n.:-— lacre. 
seam, n.; line formed by the sewing of 

two pieces of material together: — 

corejilo; costura. 
seam, n.; edge; selvage: — ^matgen; 

oriya. 
seaman, n.; mariner: — ^marinero. 
seamstress, n.; needlewoman: — cos- 

turera. 
search, v. tr.; to view; to visit; to in- 
spect; to overlook; to control:— ^gUgH. 
seasons (of the year), n.; — estasiones; 

y tiempo sija gui sacan. 
seat, n.; chair; post or authority: — 

tftchotfg^. 
seat, V. %.; to seat one's self: — ^fat&chotE|^. 



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«VCIMW8 



107 



td 



seduded, oc/jf' adv.; lonesome; lonely; 

solitary; off-lying; remote: — Buxnaj- 

i^ue; mdmaisa; aislado. 
seomsion, n.; — sinalfigue. 
second, n.-; — se^undo. 
second; immediately following, adv.'.—y 

tinate; y tdtate. 
secondarily; in the second place, adv. : — 

gui tinate; sumegugundo. 
secret, n.: — ti ttui^^on na minagajet; 

secrete, 
security, n.; warranty; bail: — ^flnfa; 

fiansa; inasegura. 
security, n.; earnest money; pledge; 

pawn: — aras; sineguro; promesa. 
sedate, adj., adv.; sober; earnest; serious; 

grave : — ^fotm&t. 
sediment, n.; yeast: — asiento. 
see, V. tr.. v. %.; to look; to glance: — 

lit; li^. 
see, V. tr.y v. %.; to learn through signs: — 

atntuye; atiende. 
seed, n.; stone; kernel (of fruits, etc.): — 

fensd; siembra; pepitas; semiya. 
seedy, adj.; shabby: — ^miserable; od&. 
seek, V. tr., v. %.; search for; to try to 

find; to be in quest of: — alfgau; ^^lg&. 
seek information, v. i.: — ^infotma; 

6faesen; c^ue tufigd. 
seem, v. %.; to appear; to pretend: — 

calan. 
seeming, adj., adv.; apparent: — calan 

pumar^rejo; umdchaigua; apar^nte. 
seemly, adj., adv.; decent; decorous:— 

deeente. 
segregate, i;. tr.; to separate from 

others: — ^nA-suja; nft-sajfi^e. 
seize, v. tr., v. %.; to attack; to assail: — 

embeste. 
seize, v. tr.; to fasten; to pack; to hold 

fast: — guot. 
seize, v. tr.; to catch; to receive: — 

oh&Jlau; mantiene. 
seizure, n.; sudden attack, as of a dis- 
ease: — ataque; achaque. 
select, V. tr.; to make choice of; to pick 

out: — ayi^. 
seldom, adj., adv.; a few times; scarce 

rare: — ^Jalag; ^calag. 
select. V. tr.; to adopt (as one's own 

child): — ginye. 
selected, adj.; preferred: — ^guinanye; 

mdayeg. 
self, n.; one's own person: — ^m&isa. 
selfish, adj.; egotistical: — demasiao Ja- 

goflien m&lBa fM; chdtao. 
selfishness, n.; niggardliness; avarice: — 

codfsia; diindtao. 
self-control n.; self-denial: — chinemft 

m&isa; jinilat mdisa; punen miisa. 
self-seeking, adj. , adv.; selfish ; greedy:— 

JemSgan; interesao. 
seU, V. tr.; to dispose of for pay; to 

vend:— ^bende. 
sen at auction, v. tr.; to confiscate: — 

embatga; ma atmoneda. 

4562—18 8 



semblance, n.; likeness: — ^pinarejo; 

dchaigua. 
send, V. tr.; to cause to go; to dispatch: — 

tae6. 
sena away, v. tr.; to take away: — 

nA-j&nau. 
send on in advance, v. tr.: — ^n&-f6fdna. 
sensation, n.; perception by the 

senses: — sini6nte. 
sense, n.; faculty by which objects are 

perceived physically or mentally; dis- 
cernment: — siniente. * 
senseless, adj.^ adv.: — Uds^j^; tdisi- 
* niente. 
sensible, adj., adv.; acute; ingenious: — 

g&iiinaso; manujSgd. 
sensible, adj., adv.; reasonable: — g&i- 

jinaso. 
sensitive, adj., adv.; touchy; irritable: — 

J&mafiiente; jdbubu. 
sentence, v. tr.; to condemn :-^ondena. 
sentence, n.; judgment; opinion or deci- 
sion: — ^juisio; sent^nsia. 
sententious, adj.; terse:— sentensioso; 

bula maf^dadd yan man n& lala na 

sina^n. 
sentimental, adj., adv.; romantic: — 

t&taoft; sentimental; sentimentat. 
sentimental, adj., adv.; romantic: — 

sentimental; tatacd. 
separate, v. %.; to part; to go asunder: — 

adidgo; n&-suja; separa. 
separate, v. tr.; to sunder; to divide:— 

desapatta; dibide. 
sepckrated, adj.; isolated; divided: — 

apattao; sumaifi|;ue. 
separation, n.; disconnection: — ^y in&- 

desapatta; y iniyoitd; y inadifi^. 
September, n.: — septiembre; lumam- 

1am. 
sepuloher, n.; grave: — sepuloro; naf- 

tan. 
sequester, v. tr.; to separate from the 

owner for a time: — ^DMuJanilaiJon; 

nft-ddisapatta; nft-&di£|^. 
serenade, n.; evening music in the 

air: — serenata. 
series, n.; line row:— flla; in^tattiye. 
serious, adj., adv.; sedate; sober; earn- 
est; grave:— fotmit. 
sermon, n.; discourse on a text from 

the Scriptures: — 8etm6n. 
serpent, n.; snake: — culebla; setpiente. 
servant, n.; — oriado; ministro; 

setbiente. 
servant, n.; house boy: — t^ntagd; 

muchacho. 
serve, v. tr.; to work or perform duties 

for; to wait on:— setbe; chdgOiye. 
service, n.; — setbfsio. 
session^ n.; the actual sitting of a court, 

council, or legislative body:— Junta; 

sesi^n (y ora dnai masfsigue jafa na 

dinafiA). 
set, V. tr.; to place or put in any posi- 
tion; to fix; to plant:— planta; pegs. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



set 

set, V. tr.; to support (by pill 

aregla; n&-fat&cnoiig; n^-tojgu 

tacho. 
set in motion, v. tr.; to stir i 

move:— chal6jg:u&; n&-calamtei 
set the table (for a meal), v, 

planta y lanxasa. 
settle (a loan), v. tr.; to arrange: 

in order; to try on: — ajusta; fl 

leg; nft-gasgas; ni-tunas. 
settle down, v. i.; to colonize :- 

c&u; sagaye; taoUigUe. 
seven, adj.: — siete. 
seven hundred, arfj.;— siete-si* 
seventh, adj.: — s^ptimo; y min 
seventy, adj.: — setenta. 
sever, v. tr.; to sunder; to divi 

separate : — dibide. 
several, adj.; more than twoj vi 

different: — m^g^e; m^gai: tuna 

jo. 
severe, adj.^ adv.; stnct; austere; r 

adet; cumplido; mampoe; mala 
severe, adj.y adv.; insolent: — si 

n&-bubu; banidoso yan otguyoc 
sew, V. tr.f V. %.; to stitch: — ^lags 
sewer, n.: — y UUagse. 
sewerage, n./ sewer system:— 

guadero (canat pat tubo anae sif 

ma lolofan sija an f&gas pat jaj 

na iniplachU). 
sexton, n.; bell ringer: — campc 

dddandan; saclestan. 
shabby, adj.; threadbare; mean 

pearance: — ^miser&ble; iplach^ 

yan matiteg. 
shack, n.; hut; cabin:— sadi- 

lancno. 
shade, n.; shady place; sha( 

&ninen|^; nujong; sombra. 
shady, adi.: — ^lejn^on. 
shaft (of a vehicle), n.;— larj 

latguero. 
shake, v. tr.; to stir: — ch6uchau; 

chao. 
shake, v. tr.; to vibrate; to mov< 

and forth : — chal&uchau; yeng>'r 
shake, v. tr.; to chastise (with a 

rod): — sacude. 
shake off, v. tr.; to cast off: — chaj 
shake the head. v. tr.: — gu^figg 
shaky, adj.; feeble; full of cracks :- 

cftc&; calo* Ulaulau. 
shallow, adj.y adv.; low; weak; 

ficial: — ^nane; ndtata. 
shallow lake, n.: — agnanon; ndt 

jagoi. 
shame, n.; modesty; bashfulnesf 

namamajlau. 
shame, n.; dishonor; di4grace: — < 

honra; dessr^lfida. 
shameful, adj.. adv.: — ^nft'^mamaj] 
shameless, adj., adv.; audacious 

lent: — t&i-mamajlau; descarao. 
shape, V. tr.; to form: — fotma. 
shape, n.; exterior; kind; cha 

istic: — ^Jechura. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



silly 

ivel, V. i.; to dry up; to become 
rinkled : — ma jedo ;' j edo . 

.'oud, n.; windincr sheet: — ^mottaja. 

rub, 71.; crraf^; plant: — ch&'guan; 

Uquiqul na clasen trongco. 

rubbery, n.; brush; thicket: — monte- 

eiyo (y lugat ^e man gdigue pat man 

ma tanme y mandfquiqul na trongco 

sija). 
hrug, V. tr.; to draw up the shoulders 

to express doubt or contempt: — y 

quinalaniten y-apaga (y ni nA 

cajuld y apaga taigUlje ya yanguin ti 
- seguro). 

shudder, v. i.; to tremble with fear or 
. horror: — ^l&ulau mali^fiao. 
shudder, n.; cold shiver: — escalefrio. 
..shuffle, I', tr.; to shuffle the c^^rds^: — 

yac&. 
. shut, V. Ir.: to close; to exclude: — 

j^cdiom; tdmpe. 
shutters, n.: — t&mpe; jichom. 
shy, adj., adv.: timid; shunning ap- 
proach: — machaleg: y6roajlao. ^ 
sick, adj., adv.; ill in hoalih: — malango. 
sick, adj., adv.; very Hick; dyine: — 

chafleg; chatgCdya. 
sickly, adj.: — j&TDlaflgo; jdnialan|:o. 
sickness, n.; illness: — chfitnot; mina- 

lango. 
side, n.; - Ido; banda: oHyp. 
side, n.; part: — c&laguag; echoi^iij.^ 
aiding, n.; turnout on the road : — dmafiai; 

oriya; luga. 
siege, n.;— ma-colat (y ma oriyayen un 

siucld nl nilajyan sendalo para uma 

que chul6). 
sieve, n.; lilter; inlet; passage: — c61adot; 

fanjaluman. 
sieve, v. tr.; to put through the sieve; 

to silt: — cula. 
sift, V. tr.; to put through the sieve: — 

cula. 
sigh, V. %.; to lament; to complain: — 

Buspiros; ugui%; u^ungue. 
sigh, n.;— suspires; inigong. 
sight, n.; act of seeing; power of virion:— 

nilid. 
sign, n.; mark; token: symbol; sipn- 

board: — matca; sefiat; pienda. 
sign, V. tr.: — jQ-tma. 
signal, n.: — sefLas. 

signal, V. tr.; to make signals to:— sefias. 
signature, n.: — fitma. 
significant, ad]., adv.; expressive; im- 
portant:— imp ottante; gdisustanaia. 
silence, n.; absence i)f sound:— finat- 

quilo. 
silent, adj.; close; kept secret:— fdfat- 

quilo; quieto. 
silent, adj., adv.; taciturn; peaceable; 

cautious: — cayao; masruim. 
silent, V. i.; to become silent; to grow 

dumb: — umudo. 
silk, n..*— -seda. 
silly, adj.; stupid; thickheaded:— tonto; 



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shirt 



109 



silly 



shirt (the short shirt of children), n.;-— 

chambra; chininan patgon. 
shirt, n.; overshirt: — chinina. 
shiver, v. %.; to have a chill (in fever 

attack); to freeze:— fugo; gtigululu- 

fugo; escalefrio. 
shocking, adj.^ adv.; offensive; dis- 
pleasing: — chocante; nlf^bubu. 
shoe, n.: — sapatos. 
shoe (of coarse leather), n..— doga. 
shoot, n.; sprout; top of young shoot: — 

sinlso. 
shoot, V. ir., V. %.: — opaque; tira. 
shoot at, V. tr.; to fire upon; to bom- 
bard: — ^fleoha; Aguet; paque; bom- 

batdea. 
shoot forth, v. i.; to sprout: — docd; 

ma&uso. 
shooting or falling star, n.; meteor: — 

guinipon pution. 
shop, n.; workshop: — e&malen. 
shopkeeper, n.; grocer; trader: — ^bi- 

bende. 
shore, n.; the coast or land adjacent to 

the sea: — origan tasi. 
short, adj.; brief: — c&dad&. 
shorten, v. tr.: — ^n&-c&dad&. 
shorten, v. tr.; to damage; to cheat: — 

fdtSgna; tesgile. 
shortsighted, adj.: — ch&tmata. 
shortly, adv.; soon; quickly: — ti- ab- 

mam; gust, 
shot, n.: — tfa-o. 
Khotgan, ?*.; — escopeta; paqucn pet- 

degon. 
shoulder, n.: — apaga (to load upon 

the shoulders, v. tr.: apagaye). 
shout, V. %.; to utter a loud and sudden 

cry: — umaga£^; um^salao. 
shouting, n.; yelling; clamor: — 6salao; 

inagaii|. 
shove in, v. tr.; to thrust in:— n&- 

6ntald; n^-jalum. 
shovel, n.: — ^pala. 
show, V. ^r.;— nA-anug. 
show; V. tr.; to demonstrate; to evince; 

to prove: — ^f&ntie. 
show, V. tr.; to point out (with the 

finger):— tanchd. 
show, V. tr.; to prove:— n&-lil. 
shower bath, n.: — 6mag riegadera. 
shower of rain, n.; sudden squall: — 

matmom uchan; jinfgua. 
shred, n.; piece; fragment; a long nar- 
row piece torn or cut off: — ^retasos; 

pedasito (anacd yan ddlalae na pedaso 

matiteg pat ma &tot). 
shrewd, adj., adv.; wise; prudent: — 

m^inalum. 
shriek, v. i.; to utter a sharp, shrill 

outcry : — oumati. 
shrine, n.; a sacred place or hallowed 

object: — capita (butto gui un lugat, 

pat y lugat m ma n& santbs). 
shrink, v. %.; to recoil; to withdraw; to 

contract spontaneously: — majedo; su- 

jaye. 



shrivel, v. i.; to dry up; to become 

wrinkled: — majedo; jedo. 
shroud, n.; windmcr sheet: — mottaja. 
shrub, 71.; grass: plant: — ch&^giian; 

dfquiqul na clasen troi^co. 
shrubbery, n.; brush; thicket: — monte- 

siyo (y lugat 4ae man g^gue pat man 

ma tanme y mandfquiqul na trongco 

sija). 
shrug, r. tr.; to draw up the shoulders 

to express doubt or contempt: — y 

quinalamten y-apaga (y ni nA 

cajuld y apaga taigflfje ya yanguin ti 

seguro)' 
shudder, v. i.; to tremble with fear or 

horror: — l&ulau maJl^'fiao. 
shudder, n.; cold shiver: — escalefrio. 
shuffle, V. tr.; to shuffle the cerds: — 

yac&. 
shut, V. tr.; to close; to exclude: — 

jtichom; timpe. 
shutters, n.: — t&mpe; jfchom. 
shy, adj.y adv.; timid; shunnin; iij> 

proach: — machaleg: y6rar*jlao, 
sick, adj., adv.; ill In Licaliii:— malango. 
sick, adj., adv.; very nick; dyirur: — 

cha,fleg; chatj^Mya. 
sickly, adj.: — jtolaflgo; jdmalan^o. 
sickness, n.; illness: — ch^tnot; miiia- 

lango. 
eide, n.; — lS,o; bpndn: oriyp. 
side, n.; part: — c&laguag; ochoi^a. 
aiding, n.; turnout on the road : — dinafi&i; 

oriya; luga. 
sie^e, n.: — ^ma-colat (y ma oiiyayen un 

siudd nl nilajyan sendalo para uma 

que chul6). 
sieve, n.; lilter; inlet; passage: — cdladot; 

fanjaluman. 
sieve, i'. tr.; to put through the sieve; 

to sift: — cula. 
sift, V. tr.; to put through the sieve: — 

cula. 
sigh, V. i.; to lament; to complain: — 

suspiros; ugui$; u^unj^ue. 
sigh, n.: — suspiros; inigofig. 
sight, n.; act of seeing; power of vision: — 

nilid. 
sign, n.; mark; token; symbol; sign- 
board: — matca; seflat; pienda. 
sign, V. tr.: — fitma. 
signal, n.: — sefias. 

signal, V. tr.; to make signals to: — seflas. 
signature, n.: — fitma. 
significant, adj., adv.; expressive; im- 
portant: — impottante; g^ustansia. 
silence, n.; absence of sound: — finat- 

quHo. 
silent, adj.; close; kept secret:— fdf a t- 

quilo; quieto. 
silent, aaj.y adv.; taciturn; peaceable; 

cautious: — cayao; matcuim. 
silent, v. i.; to become silent; to erow 

dumb : — umudo. 
silk, n.: — seda. 
silly, adj.; stupid; thickheaded: — tonto; 

bdbaba. 



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slim 



silver, n.: — salapA; plata. 

silver plate, r. ^ ,* to silver: — ^platea; 

salapte. 
silversmith, n.; — platero. 
similar, adj.; repembUii^; equal: — aya; 

6rhaigua; parejo. 
simple, adj., adv.: not complex; uiia- 

dorn<'d; natural: — simple; mant^o; tdi- 

udvino. 
simpleton, n.; ninny: — b&baba; tdi- 

tiniiT>6; cadiico. 
sim.iiltaneous, adj., adv.: hap{>enin^, 

done, or exLsini? at the same time: — 

g:um.&^cho£|:; sumLsija; ^uicro. 
sin, n.: puilt; crime: — isau; fsao. 
sin, V. i.; to willfully transa^ref^s: — ume- 

cholSg; umfsao. 
since, prep.; from a ^ven time till now: — 

desde. 
sincere, adj.^ adc: — ^ma^jet. 
since olden times: — abman; desde 

antop; jagas. 
since when? — desde i^^ianP 
sinew, n.; tendon; vein; nerve; fiber: — 

gugat. 
sinews, n,; tendons (on meat): — 

costrafas. 
sing, r. i.: — canta. 
singer, n.; — cantot; y cacanta. 
single, adj.^ adv.; snip; solitarj'; iso- 
lated : — unojd; mdmaisa. 
single, adj.; unmarried: — sottero. 
singular, adj., adv.; unique:— finico; 

sumajfigue; mdmaisa j^. 
sink, V. i.; to go down; to founder: — 

mafondo. 
sinner, n.: — ch^chetan; pecadot; y 

umikao. 
sinner, n.; debtor: — g&i-isau; fieau. 
sip, r. tr.; to imbibe in small quanti- 
ties: — chopchop. 
sir, n.: — sellot. 

siren, n.; foghorn: — sirena; ciilu. 
sister, n.; brother: — ch61a; chdlo. 
sister-in-law, n.; — cuAada (v quifla- 

ddjo). 
sit, V. i.; to occupy a seat:— matftchong. 
sit down: — fatd^hon^ or t^choiig. 
sitting, adj.; resting on the haunches: — 

matat&cho^. 
situation, n.; position: — ^posisi6n; situa- 

sion 
six, adj..: — sais; seis. 
sixth, adj.: — sesto; y miuA sais. 
six hundred, qc/?..-*— sais sientos. 
sixty, at/;..--— sesenta. 
size, n.; greatness: — y minedunj^. 
skein of thread, n.: — madeja. 
skeleton, n.: — esqueleto; atmason. 
sketch, r. tr.; to sketch a plan: — pen- 

taye. 
skilled, adj.; experienced; versed: — es- 

perimentao; prdctico. 
skillful (in small work), adj.i — abit. 
skillful, adj., adc; learned; educated: — 

malati; faye. 
skin, n.; rind; husk; crust: — lasas. 
skin, r. Ir.; to peel: — lasas; sufan. 



skip, ?•. tr.; to leap lightly over; to omit: — 

&gu&; gope. 
skipper, n.; — matter: sea captain: — 

magas gui batco; capitan; maestro, 
skirt ( woman s j . 71 . ;— lupis. 
sky, n.; heaven: — la£g^t. 
slab, n.; flat piece of stone: — ^losa; 

ma pa nag na acho. 
slack, adj., a</r./i!l()\enly; tarrying; luiter- 

iivx: remiss; negligent:— iescuidao; 

flojo. 
slacken, v. tr., v. {.; to relax; to enervate; 

to become enervat^'d; to effeminate: — 

cuni4c€do; na-rulo; sottaye. 
slackening, n.; leiiiii^ up (of wind or 

raim: — cayada. 
slam, V. tr.; to shut violently and with a 

loud noi-e: — juchom duro; na-pang- 

paiife. 
slander, n.; bad words; false or malicious 

report: — caliimnia; chisme; inada; dos- 

honra (dinague pat aplach& na cuentoe 

pot otr«»). 
slander, v. tr.; to defame; to calumni- 
ate :-maf A jiyung; masangan ti mau- 

leg; deshonra. 
slanderer, n.; calumniator; reviler:— y 

dideehonra; jamai\anj^n. 
slang, n.; colloquial expression; jargon: — 

y t&i areglo na clasen sinangan 

sija. 
slant, n.; an inclined plane: — 6gueng; 

im'guef^. 
slap, v. tr.; to strike with the open 

hand : — patmada. 
slap, V. tr.; to slap or box some one's 

ears: — ^padft; patmada. 
slash, n.; a long cut: — chinachag; ei^; 

sinise. 
slash, I', tr.; to scratch; to scar:— c&^guas. 
slate, n.; slate for writing on: — pisara. 
slaughter n.; carnage; also the killing 

of cattle, etc., for human food: — 

pinind; mamun6 (y man ma pund y 

guaca sija, etc., para nk taotao). 
slave, n.; human being held in bond- 
age: — esclabo. 
slavery, n.: — esclabittid. 
slay, V. tr.; to kill: — ^pund. 
sleek, adj.; smooth; glossy: — majlos; 

maiiafia; li^o. 
sleep, V. i.: — m&igd; miniigo. 
sleeper, n.: — g&-m4igd; y mdmaigo. 
sleepiness, n.: — matujog; minatuj«^. 
sleepy, (k/;.;— matujog; matujoguiiijon. 
sleeve, n.: — mcui^gas. 
slender, adj., adv.; slim; thin:— inos; 

dalalae. 
slice, n.; a thin piece of anything: — 

pedasito. 
sUde, r. i.; to glide; to slip:— lagas; 

lumagas; sulon. 
slieht, V. tr.; to neglect: — descuida; 

desatiende. 
sUght, n.; neglect: — dinesatiende; di- 

nescuida. 
slim, adj., adv.: thin; slender: — inos; 

ddlalac. 



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sociable 



aUme, n.; mud; mire; (also yeast):— 

fa^6; daiSgso^. 
sling:, n.; — atupat; tupat; tupag. 
■ling stone, n.: — achd-atupat. 
slink, V. i.; to creep away: — liflt; lumifit; 

malago. 
slip, n.; the act of slipping; an oversight 

or omission; indiscretion: — ^finalagufti- 

jon. 
sKp, V. i.: — ^palagft; sulon. 
slip away, v. ir.; to steal away; to 

escape : — ^f alaeu&ijon. 
sUppers, n.: — diancl^tas. 
slippery, a(/;.. adv.: — ^fanlattian; jd- 

smon; palagse; latd. 
slit, n,; a long cut; a narrow opening: — 

maptft. 
slit (m wood), n.: — qiiin&c&; cficd. 
slit (in a garment), n.; — ^beregueta. 
sloop, n.; one-masted vessel: — ^balandra. 
slope, n.; surface inclining downward: — 

eguenj^. 
sloping, adj.y adv.; oblique; aslant; 

awry: — umegnelSg; eguefij^. 
sloth, n.; idleness; habitual indolence: — 

gagfi; pdusa. 
slovenly, adj., adv.; tarrying; loitering; 

remis?; negligent; slack:— descuidao; 

dejao. 
slow, adj., adv.; lingering: — desp&sio; 

d'cajat. 
slow, adj.y adv.; lazy: — fLatiiSg;. 
sluggard, n.; good-for-nothing fellow; 

idler: — g6^; 05i6so. 
slumber, r. i.; to sleep lightly; to doze: — 

fi&jlalajS^naminaigd: m^igd ildijon. 
sly, adj. J adv.; crafty; cunning :^-picaru; 

listo. 
smack, r. i.; to smack with the tongue: — 

catcat; tagtag; pagpag. 
small, adj.; little; minute: — diquiqui. 
small (in growth), adj.:— ^togo; pacha- 

cdte. 
smcdl glass, n.; cup: — copa. 
small glass of wine: — un cop an 

bino. 
smallpox, n.; pox:— betgtielas. 
smart, adj., adv.; poignant; sharp; clever; 

accomplished: — sagud; gusd; malat^; 

fresco, 
smash, v. ir.; to crush; to break in pieces 

by violence: — y&mag; yftya. 
smear, v. tr.; to grease:— dajSg^se; p61ae. 
smear, v. tr.; to smear over: — n&-fa^et; 

pindlae. 
smell, n.; odor: — pan. 
smile, r. i.: — chumalig jalimi. 
smite, V. tr.; to strike; to kill: — panag; 

paftite; patmada; pund. 
smit^, n.; worker m metals: — f&fach6- 

ckd nl met&t sija. 
smitherj^, n.; blacksmith shop: — frigua. 
smithy, n.; a smith's workshop: — 

jereria. 
smoke, n.; mist; fog; vapor: — aso. 
smoke, v. i.: — aso. 
smoke, v. i.; to smoke a cigar: — chu- 

mupa; chupa un chigalo. 



smoke, v. t.; to smoke a pipe: — chi- 

gandd; chinigandd. 
smooth, adj., adv.; polished: — majlos. 
smooth, adj.y adv.; even: — ^yano. 
smooth, adj., adv.; slippery: — ^palaga^. 
smoothen, v. ^.;topoliab:— nftrma^os. 
smooth out, V. tr.: — julos. 
smuggle, V. tr.; to import without paying 

customhouse duties: — ^nft-Hfet; i&tinaa 

contrabando; n&-tayog sin aduana. 
snail^ n.: — acalej&. 
snake, n.; serpent: — culebla. 
sns^, V. tr., V. t.; to break short or 

instantaneously; to crack: — ^n&-Ghac&; 

chac&; julog; majlog. 
snapshot, n.; instantaneous photo- 
graph:— enseguidas na niretrato. 
snare, n.; trap; lasso; loop: — ^laso; 

<5codo. 
snarl, v. %.; to growl (like an angry dog): — 

lalald (taigfiije y lal&lald na g&lago). 
snatch, v. tr,; to take or seize abruptly: — 

j&bao. 
sneak, v. %.; to creep or steal away pri- 
vately or meanly: — umatog; malago; 

malagon imidatog. 
sneak, n.; a mean, 8er\dle fellow; petty 

thief: — tim&uleg na t&otao; saque; 

pfcaru. 
sneer, v. %.; to scoff; to insinuate; to show 

contempt by some facial expression: — 

butlea; muy^i; saU; quibae; mofea. 
sneeze, v. %.: — achom. 
snicker, v. %.; to laugh slyly; to giggle: — 

chumaleg j&jalom; chumaleg d^- 

deedes. 
sniff, V. i.; to snuffle; to snuff: — 6£giQ6. 
snipe, n.; — duliH. 
snob, n.; a vulgar person who apes 

gentility:— bronco; rri6n; baetop. 
snore, n.; a noisy breathing in sleep: — 

nilanan. 
snore, v. i.: — lanan. 
snort (the steer), v. i.: — ^fofo. 
snow, n.: — niebe. 

cuiub, V. tr.; to treat with designed con- 
tempt: — chab&; n4-para; disatiende. 
snub, n.; an intended slight: — chinab&; 

dinisatiende. 
snub-nosed, adj. : — ^mapanas-gUiedgtia* 
snuffle, r. i.; to speak through the 

nose : — ^ngogis^og. 
snug, adj., adv.; concealed; compact; 

warm: — gudfsaga; m^pe; mafnot; 

umdatog. 
soak, T. Ir.; to wet; to bathe (for a long 

time): — stimai. 
soap, n.: — ^J&bon. 

sob, n.; a convulsive sigh: — suspiros. 
sob, v. %.; to sigh in a convulsive manner 

with tears: — sumuspiros. 
sober, adj., adv.; earnest; serious; grave; 

sedate: — ^fotm&t; sin chiunocho. 
socage, n.; compelled labor:— «hech6 

comunid&d. ^ 

sociable, adj., adv.; companionable, 

affable: — rt mRadafVJi; d^/lafiA- cr^A- 

cho^. 



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spider 



society, n.; aasembly; CTOup:— ^inetnon. 
socks, n ; — ^zneyas. 

soft, adj., adv.; easily yielding: to pres- 
sure; flexible: — g&ma; ilabA; manao; 

soft, adj., adv.; tender; delicate: — 

maflftftft; delicao. 
soft, adj.; tender of heart:— majailas. 
soften, V. tr.; to hush up: — chuga; n^- 

§^cajat; nft-quieto. 
soften, ?•. tr.; to move the heart: — 

nft-ni&fiAfL&. 
soil, n.; the top stratum of the earth's 

surf are; landj dirt: — 6d&. 
soil, t. tr.; to dirty: — mayabug; n&-od4. 
soiled, adj.^ adv.; dirty: — g&ifache; 

dplachli. 
solace, n.; consolation; comfort in sor- 
row: — quinesuela; aUbio. 
soldier, n.;— sendalo. 
solder, v. tr.; — sotda. 
sole (of the foot), n.;— faneach^an; 

f^fegu^; gach&; gdcrachfi; suelae. 
sole, n.; wooden aawhorae:— patas. 
solemn, adj., adv.; serious; devout: — 

yiniusan; solemne. 
solicit, v.tr.. v. %,; to canvas; to entreat: — 

§&?ao; 8 lisita. 
dtous adj.; careful:— y6daje. 
solid, adj., adv.; not hollow: — ^majdtog; 

entero; tdi-gueco. 
solit iry, a://' /single; lonely: — m&maisa; 

pumajfigue. 
soluble, adj,; dissolvable: — diritiyon; 

pui&on. 
solve, V, tr.; to explain:— pul&. 
some, atifj.; more or less: — palo. 
somebody, n.; — un t4otao; un tal 

t^tao. 
somehow, adv.; by some means; in one 

way or another: — atg^ modo; atgtin 

manera. 
something, n.; whatsoever: — ^masea 

jafa; atguna cosa. 
something: left over, indicated by 

prefix aji (example: wood sha\angs: 

an-sepiyo). 
sometimes, adv.; now and then; once 

in a while: — guaia na biaje. 
so much, adv.; so large: — tanto. 
son, n.; a male child: — laje na patgon. 
song, n.: — canta; cdntico. 
song of praise, n.; hymn: — cantan 

alibansa; g09o. 
son-in-law, n.;— yetno. 
soon, adv.; in a short time; quickly: — 

ti-abmam; enseguidas. 
soot, n.; dust haze: — asgon; tesna. 
sorcerer or sorceress, n.;— cajna; 

cdcajna. 
sore, adj.y adv.; tender or painful to the 

touch: — ^puti. 
sore, n.; ulcer; com; abscess: — grano; 

pogpog. 
sorrow, n.; mental pam: — ^majaladg; 

pinite. 
sorrowful, adj., adv.; downcast: — triste. 



! so then, adv., conj.; thus; conse- 
I queutly: — pot 6nau. 
sort, 71.; a kind or 8[)ecies: — clase. 
soul, n.: the inner man; heart: — ante; 

jinalum. 
sound, n.; no'ifie: — sonido; buruca. 
sound thrashing, n.: — ^bixi&bft; sin^ulag. 
soup, n.;— sopas. 
soup, n.; meat broth: — cado; catdo. 
sour, adj., odi\; acid; tart; bitter: — 

c&caleg; fdile^; mda^om. 
south, n.: — jaya; san jaya; gui jaya. 
southeast wind, n.:— mangl6 sut- 

este. 
southwest wind, n.;— bendab&t; man- 

gld sut-ueste. 
sow, r. tr.; to plant: — tanum. 
sow, n.; a female pig: — ^puetca. 
space, n.; extension; room: — ^lug&t. 
spacious, adj., adv.; wide; roomy: — ^fedA; 

ancho; mflugat; ddngculo na lugdt. 
spade, n.: — pala. 
span, n.; brief portion or extent of 

time: — c&dad&; c^Uiad& na tiempo; 

t^tmino. 
Spanish language, n.: — ^finO 14go (lan- 
guage of the north). 
Spanish pepper, n.; — donft. 
spare, r. tr., v. %.; to use in a frugal 

manner : — n&-libre. 
sparing, adj.; frugal; abstemious: — "^6- 

dale, 
spark, n.; — chispas. 
speak, V. tr., v. i.; to talk; to say; to 

utter ; aZ»o to entertain; to amuse: — alog; 

cuentos; adingan; adingdne. 
speak against, r. %.; to contradict: — 

contradise. 
special, adj.; distinct; particular: — 

saj£g:ue; sumajngue. 
spedaSy, adv.; particularly; in particu- 
lar: — Bum4saj£g:ue; espesiatmente. 
specimen, n.; sample: — muestra; uno 

gui dinaM. 
spectacles, n.: — antechojos. 
spectator, n.; beholder:— y manliUd; 

y um^ega. 
speculate, v. %.: — atotgaye (com^taio); 

considera; jasuye. 
speech, n.; talk; discotu-se; oration: — 

cuentos; discutso; orasi6n; sinafigan. 
speed, n.; velocity; quickness:— china- 

deg. 
speedy, adj., adv.; quick: — chadeg. 
spell, r. tr.; to name the letters in a word 

consecutively : — deletrea. 
spend, v. tr.; to spend money; to ex- 
pend: — gasta. 
spend time, v. tr.; to occupy: — emplea. 
spendthrift, n.; lover; gallant: — ^fan- 

daaSgguero; pr6digo; gdstadot. 
sphere; n.; a globe or globular body: — 

esfero; iuadamelo^. 
spice, n.; relish: — esp^sia; pin&upau; 

minan^^ue. 
spider, n.: — sanydyd (small spider); 

apayujag (large spider). 



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stammer 



spider, n.; spider's web: — arafkas; ti- 

rai^fias. 
spill, V. tr.; to lot a liquid run out of a 

vessel: — chud&. 
spin, V. tr.: — jil&; n^-quililog. 
opine, n.; backbone: — espinaso. 
spinster, n.; unmarried woman: — sot- 

t6ra. 
spirit, n.; the aoul: — espfritu. 
spirit, n.; couraj^: — curaje; minatAtnga. 
spirited, adj. J adv.; courageous; daring: — 

animoeo. 
spiritual, adj.: — ^iyon espfritu; espiri- 

tudt. 
spit out, V. tr. .'^bojbo; bojbuye. 
spit out; V. %.; to spew forth; to vomit: — 

torn. 

spite, n.; ill will or hatred toward 

another: — 6dio; chinatlifi. 
splash, V. %.; to dabble in the water; to 

swim : — ^n6mp ate . 
splash, n.:— palaspas. 
splendid, o^., adv.; brilliant; famous; 

magnificent: — gatbo; bonito; famoso. 
splendor, n.; pomp; ma^ificence: — 

guin&tbo; mim^Bj^; din^culo. 
spfice, V. tr.; to unite two ropes: — totche. 
splinter, n.; splint: — ^J&'^fe; estij-as. 
split, V. %.; to spring apart:— m&pfi; 

cAca. 
split, t;. tr.f V. %.; to cleave; to slit; to 

divide:— lp§; putA. 
spoil, V. %.; to become malodorous: — 

pogsen. 
spoil, V, tr.; to ruin; to destroy: — ^yula^g^; 

n&-tiilaye. 
sponge, n.; — espo^^a. 
sponge, n.; mushroom : — ^inapul&ijan; 

payon dujendes. 
sponger, n.; parasite: — dfdinae. 
spook, n.; ghost: — ^f&f&flagtte; fantdsma; 

plantdsma. 
spoon, n.; — cuchala. 
sport, n.; diversion; play; athletics: — 

juego. 
spot, n.; stain; blemish: — ^mancha. 
spout, n.; projecting mouth of a vessel: — 

pico; bibig. 
sprain, v. tr.; to sprain a joint; to pull 

out; aUo to wean a child: — gunus; 

aplefig. 
spread, adj.; scattered; diffused; dis- 
seminated (sickness; teachings, etc.): — 

machalapun. 
spread, v. tr.; to weed out; to use up: — 

jutd. 
spread, v. tr.; to propagate: — ^nft-famtft. 
spread abroad (rumors, etc.), p. p.; di- 
vulged ; diffused : — chalapun. 
spread out, v. tr.; to stretch out: — 
r estira; n4-ma-chalapun. 
spring, V. %.; to leap or bound: — gope; 

tAyogfte. 
spring (spiral), n.: — mueye. 
spring (a season of the year), n.: — ^prima- 

bera. 
sprinkle, v, tr.; to scatter in small 

drops :— cala£g^a£g^e . 



sprout, V. tr.: to bring forth fruiti — 

manogchft. 
sprout, V, I.; to shoot forth; to grow: — 

doc6; Ii\chog. 
sprout, V. %.; to grow back again: — 

maliuso. 
sprout (especially referring to the 

banana plant), n.: — guilug y chetda. 
spur (of the fighting cock), n.: — ^spolon. 
spurn, V. tr.; to throw away; to cast 

away; to repudiate: — desecha. 
spurs (of the rider), n.: — espuelas. 
spy, V. tr.; to reconnoiter: — espfa. 
spy, n.: — espia. 
spyglass, n.; small telescope: — ^latga- 

bflta. 
squadron, n.:— escuadr6n. 
squalid, adj.; foul; extremely dirty: — 

&plach&. 
squall, n.; sudden shower of rain: — 

jinfgua. 
squander, v. tr.; to waste; to scatter; to 

destroy: — ch&pun; chalapun; despet- 

disia; n&-fali£i;o. 
squandering, n.; lavishneas; prodigal- 
ity: — despetdisio. 
squandering, adj., adv.; lavish; prodi- 
gal : — despetdi8i6o. 
square, adj.; fomr-comed; quadrangu- 
lar:— cuadrao. 
square, n.; frame: — cuadro. 
squash, n.: — calamasa; m^lon. 
squat, V. i.: to sit down on the hams or 

heels: — deja; dumeja. 
squeeze, v. tr.; to pinch; to tweak: — 

ddon; jofid. 
squeeze out, r. tr.; to press out: — 

Mgd. 
squinting, adj.: — quitan; atan unbanda. 
squirt, n.; syrin^^e: — jele^gA. 
stab, V. tr.y v. %.; to pierce; to stick; to 

peck:— s§s§; dulug; defifecot. 
stab, n.; thrust: — tinegch&; sindsd. 
stable, adj.; fixed; firm; constant: — dura- 
ble; fijo; fitme. 
stable, n.; building for lodging horses; 

cattle, etc.: — cabayerisa; sagan gftgft. 
stafl, n.; stick:— b&culo; baston. 
stag, n.; the male of the deer: — toron- 

benado. 
stage, n.; platform: — s&tgue; edas. 
stagger, v. %.; to totter; to reel: — 

mSsg^ag; ma tu lAijon. 
stagger, v. tr.; to cause to quake or 

tremble :— n&-Ululau. 
staging, n.; scaffolding: — and&mio; 

andame. 
stagnant; adj.; not flowing; torpid; 

dull: — quieto; tdiquinalamten. 
stain, V. tr.; to desecrate: — n&-mancha. 
stair, n.; step; flight of steps: — guaut. 
stake, n.; post; pole; pale:— estaca; 

jotcon. 
stale, adj.; not fresh; vapid; ta8tel*»«»* — 

descalintao; majafijfi^e. 
stalk (grasslike), n.; straw: — cafla; paja. 
stammer, v. %.; to falter In speaking: — 

tumattamudo; Idlache an cumuentoj. 



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stanunerer 



114 



stool 



stammerer, n.; stutterer:— ▼ chumal&- 

lamcham; tattamudo ; chiehalamchain . 
stamp, V. tr.; to crush; to impress: — 

fignes; gach&; matca. 
stamp, n.; postage stamp: — seyo. 
stand, V. i.; to be erect: — tolgue. 
stand, V. i.; to get up: — cajiUd; tacho; 

tojgue. 
standard, n.; flag: — ^bandera; estan- 

datte. 
stand security for, v. tr.; to bail; to 

warrant: — ^fumiad6t; cuentaye. 
staple, n.; the chief production of a 

country:— BUS tfasia; y mas impot- 

tante na producton un tand. 
star, n.; — ^puti6n. 

star, n.; alao poached egg: — estreyaa. 
stare, v. i.; to look sharply: — atan fljo; 

dochon na inatan. 
starflah, n.; sea star: — estreyaa tasi. 
start, n.; beginning: — prinsfpio. 
starve, v. i.; to suner extreme hunger: — 

joco^-fLala£g^| can& m&tai nalafg. 
State, n.; territory: — estado; mando. 
State, n.; empire; realm: — ^imp6rio. 
State, n.; government: — gobietno. 
state, n.; condition: — estado; estao. 
statelv, adj.; magnificent; portly; splen- 
did (as to stature): — ^bueziaplanta. 
statue, n.; — butto. 
statement, n.; narrative; recital: — 

sinajSgan; rason. 
stay, V. t.; to remain; to abide: — su- 

maga; sai^. 
steady, aaj.j adc; fixed; regular: — 

quieto; fijo. 
steady I inter j.: — dure ! adajel 
steak, n.; slice of beef for broiling: — 

pedason sensen (catne) para ma n& 

lago. 
steeS, V. tr.; to purloin: — mafiaque; 

saque; t^sgtie; man^sgtie. 
steal away, v. i.; to escape; to slip 

away: — ^falagu6iJon; umescapa. 
steam, n.; also steamer: — bap6t. 
steam boiler, n.: — catdero; fan loc- 

lugan. 
steam engine, n.; — maquinan bap6t. 
steel, n.: — asero. 

steep, adj.^ adv.; precipitous: — didog. 
steep declivity, n.; almost perpednicuiar 

slope: — didog. 
steer, n.; young male ox: — terete; 

nobiyito. 
steer, r. tr.; to direct a vessel with the 

helm : — ulifi|^; ulen; gobietna. 
steersman, n.; boatswain: — ^patr6n ga- 

Ifiidd; piloto; timonero. 
stem, V. tr.; to prop firmly against; to 

support: — tojne; foine. 
stem, n.; — c6cai6; cacayo. 
stem, V. tr.; to resist; to check; to dam: — 

estang^ca; n^-para; presa. 
stench, n.; strong offenfdve odor: — 

minitu^^; nilamug. 
step, n.; footstep: — ^paso. 
step (a long step), n.; bolt:— in&gu&. 



step, V. %.; to go on; to tread: — feguA; 

mam^gufi; mamocat; pocat. 
step, n.; grade: — grade, 
step by step, adj.; by degrees; gradual: — 

adomfdidl. 
stepdaughter, n.; — entenada. 
step down, v. %.: — tunog. 
stepfather, n.;— pairasto. 
stepmother, n.;— ^mairasta. 
step, n.; passage:— paso; fanmalofanan; 

fanf&pusan. 
stepson, n.: — entenado. 
sterile, adj.; barren; producing little or 

no crop: — consado; est^rit; a^ld; tdi- 

minauie^ naod&. 
stexn, adj., adv.; severe; harsh: — cum- 

plido; fotma^; cru^l. 
stew, V. tr.; to boil slowly: — sotne. 
stew, n.; goulash: — guinisa; estufao. 
stick, n.; staff; cane baton: — ^b&ston; 

galuti. 
stick, n.; pointer: — puntero. 
stick, V. %.; to adhere: — ^n&-cheton; pega. 
stick fast, V. t.;— cheton. 
stick, V. tr.,v. %.; to sting; to peck; to stab; 

to pierce: — delSg^cot; dosug; dulug; 

s^. 
sticky, adj.; glutinous: — da^;so^. 
stiff, adj., adv.; rigid; inflexible: — tiso. 
stiff (from fright), adj.; unbending: — 

tiso. 
stifle, V. i.: — n&-ch&tjagol^; n^-mafnot 

jumagong. 
still, adj.; at reef; without motion; quiet; 

calm; silent: — quieto. 
still waters, n.; overflowing the bank: — 

ma-e8tal£g:ca. 
still waters, n.; — quieto na janum. 
stimulate, v. tr.; to admonish; to in- 
cite: — cuca. 
sting (of a bee), n.: — tftogch&. 
stingy, adj.; avaricious: — ch&ttau; 

latga; mesquino. 
stink, t'. i.; to emit a strong, offensive 

odor: — mutong; lamog. 
stipulation, n.; condition: — condisi6n. 
stir, V. tr.; to move to emotion: — yetig^ 

yon|^; atborota. 
stir, V. tr.; to shake: — ch&uchau; lite, 
stir up, V. tr.; to move; to set in motion: — 

16jgu&; chalejgu^; chalduchau. 
stin-up, n.: — eBtribo. 
stitch, I', tr., V. i.; to sew: — ^lagse. 
stock, n.; store; — ^pinSlo; finamduleg; 

giiinaja. 
stocking, n.: — ^meyas. 
stole (priestly), n.: — estola. 
stoker, n.; fireman: — ^fogonero. 
stomach, n.; — est6mago; tuyan. 
stone, n.; rock; cliff: — ach6. 
stone, n.; kernel; seed (of fruits, etc.): — 

fens6. 
stone, V. tr.; to throw stones: — ^fagas; 

ddgao; mailchd. 
stone throw, n.; — din&gau. 
stool, n.; seat without a back: — t&cho£g^ 

ni t&i ap6. 



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stoop 



115 



style 



stoop, V. i.; to bend the bodv downward 

and forward: — g6Je; mSiigagmdna. 
Btopv r. %.; to ceaee; to finish; to be difl- 

continued; to come to an end: — 

bumasta; fagpd; mactus. 
atop, V, t.; to stand still: — ^para. 
stop, V. i.; to delay; to stay: — tatnon; 

apmam; abmam. 
storage room, n.; — atznas^n. 
store, n.; saloon; tent: — tenda; tienda. 
storekeeper, n.: — tendero. 
storeroom, n.: — ^bodega; feundluyan. 
stores, n.; supply of provisions: — 

probisidn. 
store up, V. ir.; to stock up; to lay in 

stock: — amontona; f^&uleg; n&- 

etnon. 
storm, n.; — ^pagyo; chdtain. 
stormy, orfj.:— p&pagyo. 
stormy sea, n.; — ^napo y tasi. 
story, n.; tale; speech; word: — sin- 

aj%an; cuentoe; jemplo. 
stove, fi.:— fogon. 
stout, adj.: — ^yoxnog; yomsan. 
straggle, r. t.; to lag oehind: — mam&- 

tate; sumuja; sumajiS^e. 
straight, adj.; just; right; lawful; 

honest: — tunas, 
strain, n.; effort: — quinalamten; ine- 

stira; fuctsa. 
strain, v. tr.; to filter: — cula; nd-gaf^p;as. 
strain, i'. tr.; to stretch: to injure: — 

nachd^'tan. 
strand, v. i.; to run aground; to go 

ashore; to pet stalled: — gane; ogan. 
strange, adj.^ adv.; beloij^^ing to another 

country' ; unusual: — eetra£io; ti seso ma 

li6 pat majungog. 
strange, adj.; foreign: — estrafio; guinin 

y chag6. 
stranger, n.: — estranjero; taotao ju- 

yung. 
strangle, v, tr.; to choke; to throttle; to 

catch by the thrc^at: — flucot. 
strap, n.; long piece of leather: — coreas. 
straw, n.: — ^paja. 

stream, -n.; current: — coriente; minilag. 
street, n.; road; path: — chalan; caye. 
strength, n.; forc^; power; vigor: — 

finejman; finette; jinilat; fuetsa; mi- 

netgot. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to confirm: — con- 

fltma; ayuda; n^-gdiminetgot. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to enliven: — nA- 

brabo. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to fasten: — nll- 

meton; n^-fitme. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to insure; to make 

fast: — nft-fltme; n&-?eguro. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to reinforce: — ayuda. 
stretoi, V. tr.; to draw out to greater 

length or width: — estira. 
stretch out, v. tr.; to spread out: — 

nama-chalapun; baba. 
strew €h8under, r. tr.; to disperse; to 

scatter about; to dispel: — chalapun. 



strict, adj., adv.; straight; narrow; close: — 

angosto. 
strict, adj.f adv.; acctunte; precise; ex- 
act: — estricto; cumplido. 
stride, n.; a long step in walking: — 

in&guft. 
strife, n.; discord; conflict: — ^in&gua- 

guat; pliito. 
stirike, v. tr.; to hit with a blow: — pafiite. 
strike, v. tr.; to thrust: — tol^toifig; 

efifig; panag. 
string, n.; cord; line:— codd6t; pita, 
strive, v. %.; to labor hard or earnestly: — 

aguaguate; fachdchtke. 
stroke, n.; knock; blow: — dinetfj^o^; 

gotpe. 
stroke of the bell, n.: — toque. 
stroU, V. %.; to stroll around; to go around 

idly:--l&Vau. 
strong, adj., adv.; energetic: — gafbit- 

tud; masiso. 
strong, adj. J adv.; durable: — maog. 
strong, adj., adv.; hard; fast; firm: — 

fltme. 
strong, adj.y adv.; vigorous; robust: — 

fotte; fuette; metgot. 
strop (for sharpening the razor), n.: — 

pasaddt. 
structure, n.; edifice; building: — con- 

strucsi6n; plinantan gum&. 
stub, n.; stump of a tree: — tro£gco; 

4nut6t trongco. 
stubborn, adj., adv.; coarse :^^aleg; 

machaleg; bastos. 
stubborn, adj.; obstinate; dogged; stiff- 
necked: — &tagtag; fembeste; rebetde; 

ti tratusan; rebetde. 
stubborn, adj., adv.; perverse; hard: — 

atagtag. 
stuck up, adj.; self-opinionated: — 

otguyoso; mamtolL^gas. 
student, n.; scholar: — coleale; estudi- 

ante. 
study, V. tr.; to imitate; to learn: — eyag; 

estudia. 
stuff, V. tr.; to press; to pack:— siniye; 

80]^;80fig. 

stumble, v, %.; stagger: — matompd. 
stmnps of a tree, n.; piece: — troiS2;co; 

dnutot trofigco. 
stun, v. tr.; to astonish; to surprise 

completely : — jolS^axSg. 
stunned, adj.; stupefied: — majnj^ajSS*. 
stupid, adj., adv.; foolish; silly; duU; 

simple: — baba; Alafi]fir^; lau^a; totpe. 
stupid, adj.; unsteady; disunited: — 

atarant&o. 
stupidity, n.; foolishness; silliness: — 

bmaba. 
sturdy, adj.; stubby; robust: — metgot; 

fotniao; mafnot. 
stutter, V. %.: — tumattamudo. 
stutterer, n.; stammerer: — ch&chalam- 

cham; tattamudo. 
sty^ n.; a pen or indosure for swine; 

pigsty :— che<q[uero. 
style, n.; fashion; manner: — moda. 



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snave 



116 



supernumerary 



suave, adj.: eweet: — Buabe. 

subdue, r. tr.; to compel; to force; to 

constrain; to coerce: — afuetsas. 
subdue, %\ tr.; to conquer; to vanquish; 

to forbid; to prevent; to prohibit: — 

julat; chom4. 
subject, n.; one under the power or 



control of another: — tentaed 
riid:- 
subjected, adj.: — ^masujeta. 



subject, n.; theme; materii 



Bujeto. 



sublime, adj.; awe-inspiring: — gatbo; 

nli^manman. 
submarine, n.;— submarino; iyon y 

pap& tasi. 
submerge, v. tr., v. %.; to submerge in 

water; to immerse: — fiogfLog; supug; 

lumus. 
submissive, adj., adv.; meek; humble: — 

humitde. 
submit^ r. tr.y v. %.; to yield; to surrender; 

to resign: — entrega. 
subordinate, adj.; inferior in rank, 

power, or position: — tagpap&^fla; gu6 

pap&; dependiente. 
suDseG[uently, adv.; later: — tumatate; 

subsiguiente. 
subsistence, n.; maintenance; liveli- 
hood: — ndncand; niiai^; sustento. 
substance, n.; matter; being: — giUniya; 

sustdnsia. 
suburb, n.; borough: — ^b&rio; y oriya. 
succeed, v. i.; to accomplish something 

attempted; to prosper: — gana; ade- 

lanta. 
success, n.; event:— «use6o; guinana; 

salida. 
successful, V. %.; to be successful; to be 

lucky: — fagch&i; suette. 
successful, adj., adv.; fortunate; lucky; 

happy: — felLs; afottunao; magof. 
successive, adj.; consecutive: — umi- 

tattiye. 
successor, n.; offspring: — desendiente. 
succinct, adj., adv.; tersely expressed: — 

c&dad&. 
succor, r. tr.; to help; to assist:— socore; 

asiste; ayuda. 
succulent, adj.; juicy: — ^mesgd; mefgd. 
such, adj.; the same that, or, as referred 

to: — taigUije; taigO^nao. 
suck in, V. tr.; to suck in drop by drop: — 

chopchop; masmas. 
sudden, adj., adv.; abrupt: — derepente. 
sudden attack, n.; penetration: — ^ji- 

natme; achaque. 
sue, V. tr.; to prosecute at law: — de- 

manda. 
suffer, V. i.; to feel with a sense of pain: — 

chuot; padese; puti. 
suffer, V. i.; to permit:— sujSgon; pdlo. 
suffer persecution, v. %.; to be pur- 
sued: — ^m&-emog; ma-petsigue. 
suffer want, v. %.: — jailas; tayft. 
sufOlce, V. i.; to be adequate: — ^nft-na- 

jofi|. 
sufficient, adj., adv.; enough: — najol£fr. 
suffocate, v. %.: — ^n&-ehatjago]S^; nl- 

t&ijinagofig. 



sugar, n.: — asucat. 

sugar box, n.; container for sugar: — 

asucarera. 
sugar apple, n.: — atis. 
sugar cane, n.; — tupo; cafia dulse, 
sugar cane plantation, n.; — ^fana- 

puyan (tupo). 
sugar mill, n.; — trai>iche. 
suggest, r. tr.; to hint; to insinuate: — 

inbenta. 
suicide, n.; person who commits sui- 
cide: — ^piziind m&isa. 
suit, n.; process at law: — queja; dine- 

manda. 
suit, r. tr.; to accommodate; to please: — 

n&-aya; nft-magof ; complase. 
suitable, adj., adv.; fit; appropriate; 

adapted : — aprop6sito. 
suitable, arf/., adv.; capable; stout; 
strong; proper; vigorous; robust; — 
• brabo. 
suit case, n.; — ^balisa (probably from the 

English valise); maleta. 
sulphur, n.; — asgft. 

sulphurate, v. tr.; to smoke with brim- 
stone; to bleach with sulphur; to im- 
pregnate with sulphur: — asgfte. 
sum, n.; everything: — todo. 
sum, n.; the whole or total: — suma; 

totdl. 
summaxv (of contents), n.;— finefign&; 

manadfdidfi y min6gae. 
summer, n.; a season of the year: — 
tiempon m&ipe; berano; fafiomnagan. 
summon, r. tr.; to call; to invite; to 
announce a marriage from the pulpit; to 
call together: — agang; aganj^e. 
sun, n.: — &tdau. 
sunburned, adj.; red:— atagft; ddgua; 

tininon-somnap. 
Sunday, n.: — damel£ggo. 
sunder, v. tr.; to separate; to diN-ide; to 

remove: — desapatta: dibide. 
sunlight, n.; — ^ininan atdau; somnap. 
sunshade (umbrella), n.: — ^payo. 
sundries, n. pL; numerous small or mis- 
cellaneous articles or matters: — ^m6gae 
na gtiinaja pat jinafa; unos cuantoe. 
sunk, p. p.: — mafondo. 
sunken, adj.; lying on the bottom of the 

sea: — gdigue gui fondo. 
sunny, adj.; bright; warm: — guef-j&an; 

magof; bula somnap. 
sunshine, n.: — ^semnap; ininan dtdao. 
sup, V. tr,; to eat supper: — fanguftpe; 

gulipe; sena. 
superb, adj.; grand; stately: — tagajld; 

, m^^gas; gatbo. 
superficial, adj.; not thorough: — ^ma- 

mHya; ti cabales. 
superfluous, adj., adv.: — demasi&o; 

86sobla. 
superior, adj.; different; diverse; vari- 
ous : — t&iadiaigua. 
supemumeraxv, adj.; exceeding the 
number stated or required: — ^mampos; 
mas que y ma nesesita. 



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supersede 



117 



swivel 



supersede, r. tr.; to come into, or take, 

the place of: — tdjgiie. 
superstition, n.: — ch&tjine£ggue; su- 
per tb'i6n. 
supervision, n; the act of superNOsine: — 

m&gase; |?u^ jildi. 
supper, n.: — sena. 
supply, V, tr.; to furnish; to provide: — 

na-najo£|:; n&-guaja. 
support, V. tr.; to stem; to prop firmly 

ai^nst: — tojne. 
support (by pillars), r. tr.; to set; to 

suHtain: — ii&-fat&cho]Q^; soetiene. 
siipport, r. tr.; to hold, or offer, the 

hand; to hold back: — mantiene; n&- 

ap6; ayuda. 
support, r. tr.; to tolerate; to bear; to 

endure; to sustain: — aguante; sungon; 

sostiene. 
support, n.; platform: — postiso; satgue. 
suppose, r. tr.; to imagine; to assume 

as true: — sup one. 
supposedly, adv.: — calcm jonguiyon. 
sui>press, v. tr.; to keep secret; to be 

Filent about: — fatquilo; fatquiluye. 
suppress, i-. tr.; to subdue; to crush: — 

oprime; j6n6; ^chft. 
suppurate, v. %.; to foster: — ^faflugo; 

mafiugo. 
sure, aaj.y adv.; certain; secure: — ^ftjo. 
sure, adj., adv.; true; sincere; frank: — 

magajet. 
surely, n.; guaranty against loss or 

damage; guarantee: — aseguridd; sine- 

guro. 
surf, n.; breakers; waves: — napo. 
surj^e (the waves), v. %.; to roll or rise 

high: — ^n&napo. 
surgeon, n.; doctor; physician: — &anite; 

medico, 
surly, adj.^ adv.; rough; uncivil; churlish; 

morose; ill-natured: — bastes; mala 

mafia; presomldo. 
surmount, v. tr.; to overcome; to con- 
quer: — gu§ jil^; julat; gana. 
surname, family name: — apeyido. 
surpass, v. tr.; to excel; to overtop: — 

dues; igue. 
surprise, v. tr.; to take unawares; to lay 

hold of: — jiguef; jofij;afig;. 
surrender, v. tr.; to cede; to resign: — 

rinde; entrega; rentinsia. 
surround, v. tr.; to inclose on all sides: — 

leUcfii; uriyaye. 
surrounded, p. p.; inclosed: — ^mare- 

dondea; ma uriyaye. 
survey, i'. tr.; to contemplate; to con- 
sider : — considers, 
survive, v. tr.; to outlive:— IfilAlAJft; 

tAtatte mdtae. 
suspect, v. tr.; to have a suspicion of; 

to mistrust: — suspecha; sogne. 
suspend, v. tr.; to delay: — canft; na 

paranMijon. 
sujspenders, n.: — tirante. 
suspicion, n.; mistrust: — desoonftansa. 
suspicion, v. %.; to believe: — sospecha. 



suspicious, cdj., ad^ .; distrustful: — 

josguan; ?ospocho>o, 
sustain, r. tr.; to support; to maintain; to 

nourish: — ndr-l&UL; n&-chooho; asiste. 
sustenance, n.; livelihood; subsist- 
ence: — abio; n'^n^cano. 
swaddle, v. tr.; swathe; to wrap up; to 

infold: — afuyut. 
swallow, n.: — ^yaydguag. 
swallow, ?'. tr.; to culp down, without 

masticating or chewing: — ales; pa riot 

ales, 
swallow, 71.; gulp: draught: — ^pinaflot. 
swamp, n.; body of &tajznant water; 

Ligoon; pool: — jag6i; sesonyan. 
swampy, adj.; soft; wet: — flojmon. 
swarm, r. i.; to flock; to pile; to heap: — 

man-etnon. 
swarm, n.; flock; pile; heap: — catdume. 
ewarm of bees: — catdunaen abejas. 
sway, n.; tJominion: authority: — ^nina- 

si&a; guinibu^na. 
swear, r. i.; to utter an oath:— satfjaa 

desparate. 
swear, r. tr., r. %.; to take oath to; to 

pledge by oarh: — ^jula. 
swear allegiance to, v. tr.; to pay hom- 
age to; to regard: — atiende; gudiya: 

manjula para u. 
swear falsely , v. i.; to commit perjury: — 

ch&tjula; chatmanjula. 
sweat, V. %.; to perspire: — masa-Jalum; 

mumasajalum. 
sweat, n.; perspiration: — masa-jalum. 
sweep, I. tr.; to clean with a broom:— 

bale, 
sweepings, n.; refuse; what is thrown 

out:— basula. 
sweet, adj., adv.: — mamis. 
sweetheart, n.; lover; loved one: — 

n6bia; gudiyayon; y man gudiya. 
sweet potato, Ii.; — camute: camote. 
sweU, v. tr.; to cause swellii^; to in- 
flate: — binila; bula; pogpog. 
swell, V. I.; to expand; to enlarge: — 

duman^ulo; maestira. 
swelter, v. tr.; to provoke: — n&-ma- 

m&jlao: n4-bubu; nd-O'son. 
swift, aaj., adv.; fleet; quick; — gusi; 

chadeg. 
swim, V. i.;— na£g^o. 
swindler, n.; ro^ue: — palacli&; tram- 

poso; chegi^: fdfdbaba. 
swindling, n.; cheating; knavery: — 

trinamposo; tindbaba; tin<^^iie. 
swine, n.; j)ig; pigskin: — cochino; 

bibue; babui. 
swing, V. tr., v. i.; to wave; to brandish: — 

n&-gupo; yalfbao. 
swing, v. i.; to rock; to seesaw: — ^bal- 

anse; balansea. 
swing, V. tr., v. %.; to rock; to undulate; — 

b61embau; chucan. 
swing the rod, v. tr.: — ch&ul6. 
swivel, n.; twisting link in a chain: — j 

aniyon lulug ni lumflilic6 gui pun- 
tan cadena pat masea mano. 



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■woUen, V. %.; to be swollen: — ^nuunog*- 

pog; manbula. 
■word, n.; saber: — espada; sdble. 
syUable, n.; — sllaba. 
sjmbol, n.; sign or emblem: — signo; 

sefidt. 
syxmnetiical, adj.; proportionate: — ai- 

i]ietric6t; man ^anche; man aya. 
Bjnnpathetic, adj.^ adv.; compafledoD- 

ate:--yo4sd. 
sympathizing, adj., adv.; thankful; 

grateful: — ^xnae&om Jinaluzn; peniti- 

yiye; agradeiddo. 



symptom, n.; token or erign: — sefiat. 

synonym, n.; word having the same sig- 
nification as another:— Hiin6nimo; un 
palabra nl parejo significasionfia >'an 
otro. 

syringe, n.; squirt: — ^Jeletfgga. 

syrup, n.: — atnibat; mames na chugii. 

sjrstem, n.; orderly arrangement; method 
of transacting business: — sistema; 
miul^ na areglo. 

systematical, adj.y adv.; according to 
Fvstem: — sistem&tico; jaf taimano y 
il^legfia y areglo. 



T. 



table, n.; — ^lamasa. 

tablecloth, n.; altar cloth:— manteles. 

taciturn, adj., adv.; peaceful: — ^f&fat- 

quilo. 
tack, V. t.: — ^botdo. 
tackle, n.; pulley: — Uche^. 
tact, n.; discernment and pkill in speech 

ana deportment: — tacto; siniente; fin- 
aye; pinacha; inete; tinifigd. 
tail, n.: — cola; d^aiag. 
tailless, adj.: — ^l&bon. 
tailor, n.: — sastre. 
take, V. tr.; to seize hold of; to obtain; 

to catch: — diul^; jacot; cond. 
take along, v. tr.: — chul^^janau. 
take apart (machinery), r. tr.: — n&- 

&dispatta. 
take away, v. tr.; to remove; to pend 

away : — n&-j&nau. 
take, V. tr.; bring: — atd; chulfi. 
take care of: — adaje. 
take down, v. tr.; to snatch down: — 

chapag; jala pap^. 
take courage, r. i.: — abiba; na-animoso. 
take pains, r. t.; to endeavor; to try: — 

empefla. 
take possession, v. tr.: — mantiene; 

ocupa: sajguane; sapaye;n^-gaich^ch6; 

n&-chdtsa^'a; tdn§. 
take prisoner^ ?'. tr.: — cautiba; prcbo. 
take root, r. i.;— fanjal§; manjald. 
take root, v. i.; to become strong: — 

fumitme. 
take, v. tr.; to seize; to pack; to hold 

fast: — guot. 
take unawares, v. tr.; to surprise: — 

Jiguef. 
talent,n.; mental capacity: — tinemtom. 
talk, V. i.; to converse; to speak: — 

cuentos; umddii^n. 
talk (to talk about the faults of others), 

V. tr.; to ridicule (some one) : — chateue. 
tcdk silly, v. tr.; to talk twaddle: — 

bum&baba. 
talkative, adj.^ adv.; gossipy: — mefnd; 

fiafigiiafig. 
tallow, n.; — sebo. 
tallow-candle, n.: — da^gnes sebo. 
tame, v. tr.; to soothe; to calm: — 

n&-manso. 



tan, r. tr.; to tan leather; to dye: — 

tumo. 
tank, n.; cistern or reservoir: — tanque. 
ti^e, n.; — pedason magago nt d&lalai; 

jilon. 
tar, n.; — atqnitr&n. 
tardy, adj., adv.; late; dilatory; reluc- 
tant: — atras6o. 
tariff, n.; — tarifa. 

tarry, v. i.; to loiter; to linger; to hesi- 
tate; to be tardy: — um-abmam; pum- 

aranfidijon. 
tarrying, adj.^ adv.; loitering; ne;:li- 

gent; wovenly; slack: — descuid&o. 
task, n.: — tar6a. 
tassel, n.; tuft; ornamental knot; tress: — 

botlas. 
taste, n.; joy: — gusto; tinamtam. 
taste, I. Lr.; to try; to attempt:— chagui. 
tasteless, adj.; unpalatable: — t&isabot. 
tasteless, adj.; onensive; repugnant: — 

desabrido. 
tasteless, adj., adv.; vexatious: — ^mat&- 

pang. 
tastelessness, n.; insipidity: — dine- 

sabrido. 
tax, n.; excise; duty; impost: — con- 

tribusi6n. 
tea, n.; — cha. 

teapot (of earthenware), n.: — charera. 
teach, I', tr.; to instruct: — f&n4^gtte; 

chachalane; n&-eyag. 
tear, n.: — ^lagd. 
tear, v. tr.: — s6cai. 
tear (to tear into pieces), v. tr.: — 

y&balag; titeg. 
tear, v. i.; to burst; to break loo:?c-: — 

bogbog. 
tear, r. tr.; to tear out; — b6og. 
tease, v. tr.; to banter; to mock: — casi; 

tuc4. 
telegram, n.; — tel6grama. 
telegraph, n.; — tel^grafo. 
telephone, n.; — tel6fono. 
tell, V. tr.; to speak; to say: — alog. 
temper, n.; mood; natural inclination: — 

j^nio; g^nio. 
temperance, n.; abstinence: — chinemft; 

chom4; templansa. 
tempest, n.; hurriance; tumult:— ira; 

pagyo; atboroto. 



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temple 



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thriye 



temple, n.; teznplo. 

temple (of the head), n.;— eentido. 

temporary, adj.^ adv.; existing for a 

limited time: — ^mienlxas. 
temptation, n.: — tiniexita; tentasion. 
tempter, n.; — tftienta. 
ten, adj.: — dies, 
tenable, adj.y adv.: — ^masiso; bus- 

tieniyon. 
tenacious, adj., adv.; tough: — flgd. 
tender, adj., adv.; padiaS^; deiccao. 
tendon, n.; vein; nerve: — g^gat. 
tendons, n.; ednews (of meat): — cos- 

trafas. 
tenth, adj.: — d^simo. 
tenure, n.; term of holding: — encatgao. 
term, n.; span of time; period: — tet- 

mino; periodo. 
terminate, r. tr., r. i.; to limit or bound; 

to be limited or bound: — tetmina; 

n^-gdechi. 
terrace, n.; large open balcony or 

f^allery: — d6£^ulo na batc6n pat 

galena, 
terrible, adj., adv.; dreadful; awful; fear- 
ful: — n&^'m&fiao; n^^'ma^ilao. 
terror, n.; comfortleseneee; inconsolable 

state of mind: — mina-i^ao. 
test, n.; examination; trial: — chinagui. 
test, V. Ir.; to make trial of; to examine: — 

ecsamina. 
testament, n.; will; compact: — testa- 

mento. 
testify, V. %.: — testiguye. 
testimony, n.;— testimdnio. 
text, n.;— inayeg na tin&itai. 
thank, r. x.; to expreas thanks or grati- 
tude:— agradese; nae ghbias. 
thankful, adj., adv.; grateful: — agrade- 

sido. 
thankful, adj., adv.; grateful; sympathiz- 
ing:— mag4om jin&lum. 
thankless, adj., adv.; ungrateful:— mal- 

agradesido. 
thankless, adj.; untrue: — engohS^; ing- 

grato. 
thanks, n.:— grfisias. 
that (or that one), adj., pr.; those; 

which: — y; ayo; ^nau; ^nao. 
that, conj.; so that: — ^nu. 
that way, adi\; thither: — gii^nau 

guato. 
theft, n.;— saque; manaque. 
then, adv.; thereupon; thereafter; after- 
wards: — des|>ues; enton«3s. 
there, adv.; in that place: — gU6nau 

guato; ayu. 
there (away from the person addrefi«eir». 

adv.:— ^iii^e; ayo guato. 
there (indicating direction), adv.: — 

gtiije guato. 
there iin the proximity of the person 

addree?od), adv.: — gtt^nau. 
there is nothing left: — tay& sebla. 
there, adv.; then; therefore; for that 

reason: — ayo nai. 
there witmn, adv.; Mdthin; inside: — 

jalum; guijalum; sanjalum. 



thermometer, n.: — tetm6metro. 

thick, adj.: — t^og. 

thick, adj.; broad; wide: — potpot. 

thicken, \\ tr. : — ^n^-l&t dog. 

thicket, n.; shrubbery; brush: — ^monte- 
siyo; dfquiqui na atbot. 

thief, n.; — ladr6n; saquo. 

thieve, v. tr.; to rob: — fafiaque; sacdi- 
truan. 

thigh, n.; shank: — ch&chag&. 

thimble, n.: — dodag. 

thin (opposite of lodo, thick in circum- 
ference), adj.: — d&lalai. 

thin, adj., adv.: fragile; brittle: — gueton. 

thin, V. tr.; to mix: — t'empla. 

thin, adj.; slender; lean (opposite of 
potpot) : — canif es. 

thin, adj., adv.; slender; slim: — ^inos. 

thin slice, n.;— debanada. 

thing, n.; matter; cause:— <oea. 

tl^ii^g» ^•.* property: — gttinaja. 

think, V. tr., v. i.; to cogitate; to reflect 
upon; to imagine: — Jaso. 

third (the next following): — y tinatefia; 
tersera. 

thirst, n.: — ^min&jo. 

thirsty, adj., adv.: — m&^'jo. 

thirteen, adj.: — trese. 

thirty, adj.: — tr6inta. 

this, adj., pron.: — este. 

this, pron.; this one:^ine; yine. 

thistle, n.; thorn: — lactus; tftuc&. 

thither, adv.; that way: — ayo guato; 
gU^nati guato. 

thorn, n.; a prickle or spine: — titucA. 

thorny, adj.: — mftituc&. 

thorouffhbred, adj.; of pure and un- 
mixed breed : — gu^frasa. 

thou, pers. pron.: — jaeo. 

thou, pers. ;)r<>n. ;—jau (following a 
verb). 

thought, n.; memory; reason: — jinaso. 

thoughtful, adj., adv.; contemplative; 
attentive ; careful : — gu^fmanjaso. 

thousand, adv.: — mil. 

thrash (see thresh). 

thread, n..-- jilo. 

thread (turned), n.;— motas. 

thread (to thread a needle], v. tr.: — 
jotne; jotne ni y jilo y jaguja. 

threat, n..— jinanjan; eepanto; aminaso. 

threaten (to threaten with raised fore- 
finger), I. I.; — jcmjan; aminasa; ame- 
nasa. 

threaten, r. tr., r. i.; to menace: — 
ft^Ci&gUe (from iVnau,>; amenasa. 

three, adj.: — tree. 

three hundred, adj.:— tres sientos; 
trosientos. 

thresh, r. tr.: — glU:ho. 

threshing floor, n.; place for the clean- 
ing of corn: — ^fanbandarayan; fangu- 
ganan. 

thrift, n.; — ^inijd; niUlA; adelanto. 

thrifty, adj.:—ird]6\ adelanto. 

thrive, r. i.; to progness; to prosper: — 
adelanta. 

thrive, v. i.; to prosper:- lum&la-guaja. 



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throat 



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trace 



throat, n.; — gatganta; guetguero, 
throb, n.; plapitation; quiver: — lin&u- 

lau. 
tbroes, n.; to be in the last throes of 

death : — um-agonias. 
throne, n.: — trono. 
through, prep.; with; of: — nu; entre; pot 

medio, 
through, adv.: — asta y ^ttizno; nft- 

^otgan. 
throw, r. fr.: — dagau; yute. 
throw away, r. tr.; to cast away; to repu- 
diate; to spurn: — desecha. 
throw, v.ir.; to ca?t; to fling: — &giiet. 
throw, v. i.: to throw one's self to the 

ground : — f oyoi£|:. 
throw, r. tr.; to throw etoues; to stone: — 

fagas. 
thrust, V. tr.. v. i.; to pu.-h; to strike; to 

push away: — choneg. 
thumb, n.: — d&xn&gas. 
thunder, i. i.: — julo. 
thunderbolt, n.; a shaft of lightning: — 

troBon lamlam; talaiip:an-ju!o. 
Thursday, n.: — juebes. 
tick (insect), n.: — garapatas. 
ticket, n.: — biyete. 
ticket, n.; certiticate; note: — ^papeleta; 

s^ula. 
tickle, V. tr.: — cadtidag. 
tide (high tide of the sea), n.: — jatn6; y 

quinalamten y ta^i. 
tide (low), n.;~m&te. 
tidy, adj.; trim; neat: — alifiao. 
tie, I. tr.; to bind: — funut. 
tie fast, r, tr.: — cuetna. 
tie on, r. tr.; to hind; to fasten: — fi^ode. 
tight, adj.; not kK>se; compactly built; 

taut: — mafnot. 
tile, n.; brick: — teja. 
tilt, r. tr.; to turn over: to throw head- 
long: — ach4icag; nft-eguefi^. 
timbers < running undi*r the rafters of a 

house, crosswise;, n.: — ^uguag; troson 

time, n.; period: — tiempo. 

times, n.: — biaje {txnmples: three times: 
tres biaje; twice: dos biaJe; often: 
m^gai na biaje. 

timid, adj.^ adc; apprehensive; cow- 
ardly : — daiSgu^. 

tin, n.: — estafio; estanuye. 

tin box: — ^lata. 

tiptoe, V. i.; to raise one's self on the tips 
of the toes: — dego. 

tire, r. tr.; to bore: to emboss; to con- 
found: — n&-d6eae; nft-dson. 

tire (of the wheel), n.: — yanta. 

tire out, v. tr.; to make tired: — ^nft- 
m&jguef; n&-yayas. 

tired, adj., adv.: — ^majguef; yayas. 

titter, V. %.; to chuckle; to crackle (the 
bone of a j(»int):— ehac&. 

toast, n.; bread scorched over the fire: — 
testa. 

tobacco, n.; cigar: — chupa. 

tobacco field, ?i.;— faflupayan. I 



I toe, n.: — calulot-patas (to run on the 
I toee, V. %.: cajat; caidtgUe; to stand on 

the toes, v. %.: dego). 
together, adv.; in unison; at the same 

time: — guigo. 
together; opposite each other: — um-& 

(they, two persons, stood opposite each 

other: uma fan& y dos). 
together with: — gumAchoiSI: yan. 
toil, V, tr.y V. X.; to work; to labor: — 

fachdchd. 
token, n.;' sign; mark; bearing; pos- 
ture: — sefLas; sefiat; prenda. 
tolerate, v. tr.; to bear; to endure: — 

aguante; sungon; consiente. 
tomatoes, n.; — tomates. 
tombstone, n.: — ^l&pida. 
to-morrow, n.: — agupft. 
tone, n.; — sonido; tono. 
tongue, n.;— jul&. 
tongs, n.; pincers; nippers: — tenasa. 
tonsils, n.: — atgayas; guaea%; tomates 

agaga. 
tonsilitis, n.; inflammation of the ton- 
sils: — oh^tnot gui tomates agftga. 
tool (of any kind), n.: — ^jeramienta. 
tool used is cleaning com, n.: — ^bln- 

dara; jeramienta para numa^gasgas 

maies. 
tooth, n.; — ^nifen. 

tooth, n.; prong: — diente (rarely U5ed>. 
toothpick, n.;^guegue. 
top, n.; the highest part; upper side: — 

yajtilul6. 
top (toy), n.: — tolompo. 
top of mast, n.: — ^puntan jasta. 
top of a mountain, n.: — ^puntan ogsd. 
torch (used when fishing), n.: — jaoh6n. 
torment, n.; anguish ; pam: — totmento. 
torpedo, n.; — to^edo. 
toipid, adj.; inactive; numb: — mudoro; 

tai-simcnte yan tdi-quinalamten. 
torrent, n.; tumbling stream: — ^milag. 
torrid, adj.; dried with heat; burning; 

parching: — aiigl(^; mdipe. 
tortoise, n.; — ^jagan. 
tortoise shell, n.: — car&i. 
torture, n.; agony of mind or body: — 

sin&pet. 
total, adj.y adv.; full: — enter o; entera* 

mente. 
touch, V. tr.; to perceive by feeling: — 

ete; pacha; yuma. 
touch (sense of touch), h.: — ^pinacha. 
tough, adj.y adv.; tenacious: — ^flgd. 
tow, V. tr.; to take into tow; to give a 

line : — remotque. 
toward, prep.; in the direction of: — 

guato. 
towel, n.; — toaya. 
tower, n.; — tore, 
towline (of a schooner), n.: — bosa; 

talen manbdtsala. 
town, n.; a collection of houses larger 

than a village:— dfquiqui na siuda. 
toy, n.: — joguete. 
trace, n.: — ^rastro. 



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track 



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true 



track, n.; — carit; f^t. 

trade, r. %.; to carry on commerce; to 

bargain : — ^f an-negosio. 
trade n.; profeseion; titnese; propriety: — 

conbenensia. 
trader, n.; — comersiante; cometaiante. 
trade wind, n.; — ^malS^K^ guinen entre 

san lago yan san catan. 
traffic, n.; commerce; trade: — com^rBio; 

com^tflio. 
traffic, V. i.; to hold intercourse: — 

tratos. 
tragedy, n.: — estorian desgr&sia; des- 

grasia. 
trail, n.: — cay on. 

train, n.; raiLroad train: — fero-carft. 
traitor, n.: — traid6t. 
tram, n.; tramway: — care tan dlquiqul 
tramp, n.: — l&ol^; bago. 
tramp around, v. i.; to loaf around:— 

gum&go; lumaonl;. 
trample, v. tr.: — tuto. 
tranquil, adj.^ adv.; quiet; calm; pneace- 

ful:— majgong; matquilo; tranquilo. 
transact, v. tr.; to manage a business 

deal; to negotiate: — manea; neg6sio. 
transfer, v. tr.; to remove: — traslada. 
transformation, n.: — consagrasidn; 

tinil^ca; infigo. 
transgress, v. i.; to violate a law or rule; 

to sin: — umisao. 
transient, adj.; passing: — ^pasadero; 

tdiminaog. 
transit, n.; passage through or over: — 

fin&pos; pasaje; v finalofan. 
transitory, adj.; fleeting: — ^gtisl-jocog; 

ti maog. 
translate, v. tr.; to render from one 

language into another: — traslada. 
transmit (to transmit a sickness), v. tr, : — 

tanme; tanum. 
transmit, r. tr.; to propagate; to trans- 
plant : — n&-f amta. 
trcmsmute, v. tr.; to consecrate: — 

consagra. 
transparent, adj.^ adv.; capable of being 

seen through; pellucid; clear: — n6uau; 

claro. 
transport, v. tr.; to carry from one place 

to another: — traspotta. 
trap, n.: — ^laflaf; 6codo; trampas. 
trap, n.; lasso; loop; snare: — ^laso. 
trash, n.; refuse; worthless or useless 

matter; rubbish:— basula. 
travel, i'. %.; to journey: — ^biaje. 
traveler, n.; — ^biajero; pasajero. 
traveling expense, n.: — gaston y 

biaje. 
traveling necessities, n.: — trastes 

biaJe. 
traverse, v. tr.; to run through; to go 

through: — fl^6sgtte; Adotgan janigtie 

desde un banda asta y otro. 
treacherous, adj.; perfidious; faithless: — 

traid6t. 
treachery, n.; faithlessness: — traisi6n. 



tread, v, %.; to step; to go on:— fam^gud; 

fegu6. 
treason, n.; trick:— flnailajye; trinai- 

dute; traisi6n. 
treasure, n.; — tesoro; guinaja. 
treasurer, n.: — tesorero. 
treat, v. tr.; to handle or manage in a 

particular manner; to behave toward; to 

entertain with food or drink without 

cost to the guests: — trata; nft-juynngue. 
treaty, n.; negotiation: — contrata. 
tree, n.; — troi^o; atbot; jayo. 
tree trunk, n.: — troi^^on jayo. 
tremble, v. i.; to shudder; to totter: — 

l&ulau. 
trench, n.; ditch; excavation: — trin- 

chera; joyo. 
trend, n.; general tendency: — carera. 
tress, 71.; plait; braid: — coleta; filag. 
trial, n.; attempt: — ensaya; chinague. 
trial, n.; examination: — chinague. 
triangle, n.;— tri&ngolo. 
tribe, n.; — catdimGie (also flock; swarm), 
tribute, n.; contribution: — contribu- 

si6n. 
trick, n.; cunning; craft; lie: — mafia; 

finababa; 4tte. 
tricks, n.; wiles: — ^linailas. 
trickish, adj.; full of intrigue:— &-atte. 
trifle, n.; anything of little value or 

importance : — ^potqueria. 
trigger (of a gun), n.: — desparad6t. 
trim, adj.; neat; compact: — areglao; 



tnm, V. tr.; to decorate; to adjust: — 

adotna; n&-aiustao. 
trip, n.; stimible: — tompd. 
triumph, v. %.; victory; conquest: — 

fangana; gana. 
trolley car, n.: — carft electrisid&. 
trombone, n.; also, the whistle of a 

steamer :— busina. 
troop, n.; army: — tropa. 
tropica, n.: — tan(^ maipe. 
trot, n.; — trote; pocat taigiifje y pocat 

cabayo. 
trouble, n.; distress; worry: — atboroto; 

chindtsaga. 
troublesome, adi.; annoying: — jf joroba; 

tdi-majgong; atborotadot. 
trough (lor mixing bread), n.; — can6a. 
trough (for mixing mortar), n.; — 

gaiaidd; can6a. 
trousers, n.; pants: — catsunes. 
trowel (mason's), n.: — ^paleta; para 

numamajlos padet. 
trowel (scoop, mason's), n.: — cuchalan 

6tbanit. 
truant^ n.; absentee from school without 

permission : — ^f attista. 
truce, n.; brief cessation of hostilities 

by agreement: — ^pas na c&dadad mien* 

tras man &aregla yan j enimigo. 
truck, n.; wagon for carrying goods: — 

careton. 
true, adj., adv.: — ^magajet. 
true, adj.; devout; believing: — jo]S|:- 

guiyon. 



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tme, adj., adv.: faithful: — aH^oeuyon. 

tme, adj., adv.; loyal:— fl61; filt. 

trumpet, n.; horn: — cotneta; tromp^ta. 

trunk, n.; stem:— ba-td; tro^o. 

tru88, n.: — blaguero. 

trust, n.; confidence; faith: — eonfiansa. 

truth, n.: — minagajet. 

truthful, adj., adv.: — t&i-dinacon; ti 

dddague. 
truthfulness, n.: — tin&i-dinacon; gui- 

n^minagajet. 
try, V. tr.; to attempt: — ensaya; chague. 
try, V. tr.; to taete food; to attempt: — 

chague; ensaya; tienta; tafia, 
try, V. i.; to endeavor; to take pains: — 

famaich6ch(^. 
tub, n.; pot: — tinaja; tina. 
tube, n.; cylinder: — tubo. 
tuberculosis, n.;~Bogsog. 
tuck up, V. tr.; to tuck up the skirt:— 

jedo. 
Tuesday, n.: — ^mattes, 
tuft, 71.; bunch; bundle; bunch of 

grapes : — ^rasimo. 
tug, r. tr.; to pull with great effort: — 

b&tsala; remotque. 
tug, n.; steam towing vessel:— para man 

remotque. 
tumble, V. %.; to fall suddenly and 

violently : — ^matomba. 
tumbler, n.; glass:— baso. 
timGLbling stream, n.; torrent: — ^milag. 
tumult, n.: — ^yin&uyau. 
tumult, n.; insurrection; rebellion: — 

Jatsamiento; pl&ito. 
tune, n.; short musical composition: — 

tono; tonada. 
tuneful, adi., adv.; musical; harmoni- 
ous: — ^bonlto na tonada. 
turkey, n.;— pabo. 
turmoil, n.: — ^yin&uyau. 
turn, V. tr.; to turn about; to turn 

around: — ^bira. 
turn, V. tr.; to turn over a new leaf: — 

bira y hojas. 
turn, n.; curve of a road or river: — ^ma 

bira. 
turned easily, adj.: — ^birayon. 



turned around, adj., adv.; turned up- 
side down; overturned: — itlebes. 
turn out of the way, v. tr.; to evade; 

to avoid (sin): — ebita. 
turn over, v. tr.; to code: — nfte. 
turn, n.; revolution; change of direc- 
tion:— birada. 
turn, V. tr.; to twist:— ohaflilig; cha- 

ftilalag. 
turn, V. i.; to turn during a dance: — 

quilolog. 
turn, V. tr.; to turn on a lathe: — totno. 
turtle, n.:— jagan. 
turtledove, n.: — totot. 
tusk, n.; fang; also saddle roll or saddle 

pad: — coriyos; cotnivos. 
tussle, V. i.; to scuflSe; to struggle: — 

mamaichdchd. 
tutor, n.; teacher; guardian: — tut6t. 
tweak, V. tr.; to squeeze; to pinch: — 

ddon. 
tweezers, n.: — chiguet. 
twelfth, adj.: — min& dose, 
twelve, adj.:—doBe. 
twenty, adj.: — ^bente. 
twig, n.; branch; bough: — ^ramas. 
twilight, n.: — ^minachom &tdao yan 

qukiajulo &tdao. 
twin, n.; double: — din&&. 
twine, n.; strong threaa: — ^jajlon. 
twinkle, v. %.; to blink; to wink:— 

achetgue; chalamlam. 
twins, n.:—j di££:ft. 
twist, V. tr.; to twist a rope; to make a 

rope: — chaflileg; tajleg. 
twist, V. tr.; to turn: — tarabira; cha- 

fdlalag. 
two, adj.: — dos. 
two hundred, adj.: — dosientos; dos 

sientos. 
type, n.; emblem; sign or figure; a metal 

fetter used in printing: — «Lliat; figura; 

tipa. 
typewriter, n.: — ^m&quinan mal^gui. 
typhoon, n.: — ^pagyo. 
typical, adj.; figurative: — ^ftguran; um^> 

chult. 
tyranny, n.; severity: — Tninalamafia. 



u. 



udder (of the cow), n.: — oh&flaqud. 

ugly, adj.; repellent: — ohatpftgo. 

ulcer, n.; sore; corn: — grano. 

ultimate, adj.; utmost; furtherest; ex- 
treme ; final : — tittimo. 

umbrella, n.: — ^payo. 

umpire, n.: — sentensiad6t. 

unaccountable for: — ti jasuyon; ti 
cuentayon. 

unafraid, adj., adv.: — ^mesgud. 

unbecoming^ adj.; indecorous: — des- 
honesto; ti umaya. 

unbelieving, adj.; ungodly; wicked; in- 
fidel: — ti man-jo£ggue; ti jenfeue. 



unbend, v. tr.; to unharness; to relax; to 
slacken; to decrease in tension: — 
afloja; nft-tunas. 

unbind, v. tr.; to unfasten; to solve 
(difficulties or problems) :—pul&. 

unbloody, adj., adv.: — ti mcmcha jagft; 
ti pegnd. 

unbound, adj.; free: — suetto. 

unbroken, adj., adv.; continuous; unin- 
terrupted: — ^t&ipumara; sin parat; t4i- 
finatta. 

unchangeable, adj.; unalterable; im- 
mutable: — ti tulaicayon. 

uncivil, adj.; ill-bred; rude; imperti- 
nent: — ^n&'^dson; impettinente. 



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uncle, n.; — tio. 

uncooked, adj.; green; unripe:— gadA; 

matA. 
undecided, adj., adv.; undetermined; 

doubtful; dubious; questionable: — du- 

d08O. 

under, prep.; beneath: — sanpapft. 

underscore, v. tr.; to draw a line:— 
raya. 

understand, v. %.; to comprehend: — 
comprende; n&-s&onao; tuiigd. 

understanding, v. tr.; to come to an 
understanding: — umft-tratosj umd- 
comprende. 

understanding, adj.; devoted: — con- 
fotme: tiningo. 

undertake, v. tr.; to intend: — ^mutd; 
atotga. 

undetermined, adj., adv.; doubtful; 
dubious ; questionable ; undecided : — 
dudoso. 

undulate, v. %.; to move with wavelike 
motion; to heave: — ch&ul6. 

unequal, adj.; insufficient:— t&iparejo. 

unfit, ac(;.; unserviceable :—t&iguallaye; 
intitit. 

unfold, V. tr.; to unfold a measuring 
rule: — estira. 

unfold, V. tr.; to develop; to put in 
use:— desempefia; n&-setbe. 

unfortunate, adj.; unhappy; disas- 
trous: — desdichao; demalas. 

unfruitful, adj., adv.; barren: — ti f&fa- 
fiago; ti fdfanogch&. 

ungodly, adj.; unbelieving; wicked; in- 
fidel: — ti Je£g^e; ti man-ioiiggue. 

ungrateful, aaj.; unthankf ul :— en- 
guuSg; ti confotme; t&ifnagradese. 
^ uxmappy, adj., adv.; disastrous; unfortu- 
nate: — t&iminaeof; infelfs; desgrasi- 
ado; desdichao; depresiao. 

unharness, v. tr.; to unsaddle: — des- 
aparejo. 

unharness, v. tr.; to unbend; to relax; to 
slacken; to decrease in tension: — 
afloja. 

unhuflk, V. tr.: to shell; to peel: — gugan. 

uniform, n.: — ^unifotme. 

uniform, adj.; of like measure; propor- 
tional; equal:— chilo]^. 

uninjured, adj.; not wounded: — t4i- 
ohdtnot. 

unite, V. %.; to join; to combine: — nA- 
etnon; fan-etnon; etnon. 

universal, adj.; all-pervading; general: — 
para todo. 

unknowing, adj.; ignorant : — tinxa- 
nu2S£:6; ignorante. 

unless, adv.: — solamente que. 

unlimited, adj.; infinite; endless: — 
t&i-uttimo. 

unload, v. tr.; to discharge: — descatga. 

tmnecessarily, adv.; in vain; to no pur- 
pose; fruitlessly: — enbano; tdisetbe. 

unnecessary^ adj., adv.; too much: — 
mampos; tmianesesita. 

unoccupied, adj.; idle: — desocupao. 



unprepared, adj.; not ready: — despre- 

benfdo; ti-preparao. 
unpretending, adj.; destitute of bril- 
liancy or luster; not showy:— tiU- 

fnina; bade, 
unquiet, adj.; restless; tiu-bulent:— 

inquieto; lebog; tiquieto. 
unravel, v. fr.;— desjilachas. 
unreal, adj., adv.; not genuine; false: — 

fatso; timagajet. 
unripe, adj.; uncooked; green:— gadft; 

mat& (opposite of masa). 
unroof, V. tr.; to unroof a house: — 

desafte. 
unruly, adj.; turbulent; ungovernable: — 

ti gobietnayon. 
unsaddle, v. tr.; to unharness: — desa- 

parejo. 
unsafe, adj., adv.; insecure: — ti maga- 

jet; ti matu^6; ti seguro. 
unsavory, adj., adv.; tasteless:— ti 

man£|:ud. 
unsavonness, n.; tastelessness; in- 
sipidity: — dinesabrido; disabrido. 
unselfish, adj., adv.; disinterested: — 

desinteresao; ti chdtao. 
unserviceable, adj.; unfit: — ^indtit; tdi- 

guailaye. 
unstained, adj., adv.; without a blem- 
ish: — t^-mancha; timancha. 
imsteady, Gc(/. ; unstable; unreliable:— 

ti fijo; ti meton jinasonlia. 
unthankful, adj.; ungrateful:— 

^''nguiiS^; ti confotme; t^nagradese. 
until, conj.: — asta; asta que. 
until when? — asta i^&ian? also: Jasta 

n^&ian. 
untmiely, ocf;.;— fuera de tiempo; 

mag&. 
untoward event, n.; untoward circum- 
stance; adversity: — contratiempo. 
untrue, v. tr.; to be untrue; to deceive! 

to defraud; to dupe: — f&-baba. 
untrue, adj., adv.; unMthful; disloyal; 

perfidious: — ti fi61; ti fi6t. 
unusual, adj., adv.; scarce: — escaso. 
unworthy, adj.; undeserving: — ti man- 

merese. 
unyoke, v. tr.; to unharness: — ^nCl-la''- 

calo; desengdncha; deeonse. 
upon, prep.: resting on the top: — sanjild. 
upright, adj.; verucal: — tumaohu. 
upright, adj.; lust; honest:— honesto. 
uprising, n.; disorder:— desareglo; jat- 

samiento. 
upside down, adv.: — dilog; dumilog. 
upward, odu.:- Juman&ujulil. 
urge on, v. tr.; to drive forward: — 

n&-16gusL 
urgent, adj., adv.; pressing: — apurao. 
urhie, n.: — ^m^mfi. 

urn, n.; a round vessel: — ^florero; urna. 
usage, n.; long continued custom: — 

practica; costumbre. 
use, V. tr.; to employ; to make use of: — 

usa. 



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vigil 



use up, V. tr.; to spread; to weed out: — 

Juto; jut(i. 
use, V. tr.; to use up entirely, leaving 

nothing; to consume:— 16chai. 
used up, V. %.: — ma-tisa; us&o. 
useful, adj.: — giegtiailaye; mf-eetbe; 



useful, adj.. adv.; profitable; service- 
able i^probeohoso; g&i probecho. 

useless, adj., adv.: — tfiiguailaye; t^- 
setbe. 



usury, n.; gain; profit beyond the legi- 
timate: — ^usura; probedio; ^n&nsia. 

utensil, n.; the utensil used in celebra- 
tion of mass:— binajeras. 

utility, n.; usefulness:— mi-setbe; ben- 
taja. 

utilization, n.; application; diligence: — 
aplicasidn. 

utter, V. tr.; to soeak] to pronounce: — 
eumuentos; sang;an. 



vacancy, n.; state of being vacant or 

empty :— bacante. 
vacation, n.; — ^bacasi6n. 
vaeue, adj.; indefinite; unsettled: — 

ttfljo. 
vain, adj.f a(fv.:— ohicherico; banidoeo. 
vain, aclv.; in vain; to no purpose; fruit- 
lessly; without result: — en bano; bano; 

t^isetbe. 
valid, adj.; having legal force:— balido. 
valley, n.: — ^baye, cafiada; joya. 
valor, n.; bravery; intrepidity: — ^min- 

atatdga. 
valuable, adj.; precious; expensive: — 

euaguan. 
valuables, n.; jewelry: — gatbesas. 
value, V. tr.; to like: — geflamen. 
vanity, n.;— banidid. 
vanquish., v. tr.; to conquer: — chomft. 
vapor, n.; steam; mist: — ^bapot. 
variable, adj.j adv.; fluctuating; fickle; 

changeable; inconstant; mutable: — 

fteuyon; tulaicayon. 
variation, n.; shift: — ^yinalaca; di- 

ferensia. 
various, adj.; diverse; different: — t&l 

achaigua; diferentes. 
varnish, n.; — batnfs. 
varmsh, v. (r.;— batnlsa. 
vault, n.; arch; cellar: — ^bodega, 
vegetable, n.; — golai. 
vehement, adj.^ adv.; violent; furious; 

impetuous : — ^f e jman. 
vehicle, n.; means of conveyance: — 

caruaje. 
vein (in the body, in stone, etc.), n.; 

nerve; fiber, sinew; tendon: — gugat. 
velvet, n.: — tetaiopelo. 
venerate, v. tr.; to esteem as sacred: — 

respeta. 
veneration, n.; reverence: — ^respeto. 
vengeance, n.; revenge; retribution: — 

inemog; befgga; bengansa. 
vengeful, acfj., adv.; seeking revenge: — 

lemog; g&-man-emog; bengatibo. 
venial, n.; pardonable (sin): — ^pecado 

beni&t; asiiyon na fsao. 
ventilate, v. tr.; to air:— nA-gUin'aire; 

n&-^&eaire. 
ventilation, n.: — ^fan jalum y &ire. 
venture, v. tr.; to risk; to hazard; to 

dare: — aries^; atotga. 
veracious, adj.; truthful; true: — ^mina- 

gajet. 



veranda, n.; covered addition:— cajida; 
galeria; balanda. 

veranda, n.; corridor; passageway: — 
o6redot. 

verbal, adj.y adv.; oral; literal; expressed 
in words: — sinart^n; masafi^n. 

verdant, v. i.; to grow green; to be 
verdant; to thrive: — ^betde; bumetde. 

verdigris, n.: — catdeniyo. 

verify, v. tr.; to prove to be true: — ^prue- 
ba; n&-mag;ajet; cumplo. 

vermin, n.; insects; pests: — g^^* 

verisimilar, adj.^ adv.; probable; like- 
ly: — calajSg magajet; jofigguiyon. 

verse, n.:— betso. 

versed, adj.; skilled; experienced: — es- 
perimentao; payon. 

vertebra, n.; — tOla^Sg espinaso. 

very, adj.: — ^g6f. 

very sorrowful, adj.; ^eving: — ^tri- 
reste: g6f triste; g6f pinite. 

very tnin (liquid), adj.^ adv.: — g6f 
fache. 

vespers, n.: — bispera; tinaitai 
pupuenge. 

vessel, 71.; utensil for liquids: — ^n&yan. 

vest, n.; waistcoat: — chaleco. 

vestibule, n.: — ^p6tio. 

vestige, n.; track; a mark left in pass- 
ing: — ^rastro; fegud. 

veteran, n.; — antigo gui setbfsio. 

veterinary, n.; healer of disease of 
domestic animals: — amot g&g&; nft^- 
magong (ch^tnot) gl^. 

vexation, n.; anger; ill-humor: — chat- 
jin&lum; minat4pang; atboroto. 

vexatious, adj.y adv.; irksome: — gaijet- 
dan; atborotdo; ^tborota. 

vibrate, v. tr.; to move back and forth; to 
shake: — chal&uchau; n§i-ldulau. 

vicarage, n.; parsonage; rectory: — cu- 
rate. 

vicarious, adj.: — sustituto; interino; 
suplente. 

vice, n.; fault; defect; blemish :—bisio. 

vicious, adj., adv.; criminal: — bisioso. 

vicinity, n.; neighborhood :^bisino. 

victim, n.; dupe: — ^bfctima; iridao; y 
teca mdtai. 

victor, n.:—y &&fLau. 

victory, n.; gain: — guinana. 

view, V. tr.; to visit; to inspect; to con- 
trol; to search: — 6g§ig§i. 

vigil, n.: — ^bijflia; bela. 



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vieor, n.; strength; force; power: — 

finette. 
vifforouBy adj., adv,; robust; strong:— 

me tie; fotte; masaj^t. 
vile, adj,f adv,; mean-spirited; base; 

abject: — despreai&o. 
vile man, n.; a base man: — lenlTfcaii; 

iplachft. 
villaee, n.; — BoffioiS^. 
villam, n.; scounorel:— ^pioaro. 
vinainy, n.; roguery; knavery.'— picat- 

dfa; m&plach&. 
vindicate, v. tr.; to justify; to exoner- 
ate:— sustiene; defiende. 
vindication, n.; defense; support by 

jMTOof: — dinefiende; ainestiene. 
vine, n.; climbing plant: — j comdcu- 

xiftiiof na tinanom. 
vinegar, n.: — ^binasle. 
vineyard, n.; hill Ranted with vines:— 

tiTianiim abas; bifLa. 
violate, t;. tr.; to injure: — deabetga; 

yulafil^; n&-lamen. 
violent, adj., adv.; forcible:— pot y 

fuetsa; a fuetsas; dure; fejman. 
violent^ adj., adv.; furious; vehement; 

impetuous; forcible: — duro; fejman; 

fuets^. 
violent, adj.; boisterous; passionate; 

stormy : — arebat6o. 
violin, n.: — ^l&bit. 
violin player, n.: — l&labit. 
virgin, n.; maiden:— bitgen; tat nai 

mayuma. 
virtue, n.; strength:— bittdd. 
virtuous, adj., adv.: — ^bittuoso; tAi- 

bisio. 



virtuous, adj.; devout: — manjoiSS^gue; 

ga^gas; t&imancha. 
viae, n.; two-jawed tool for holding 

work:— para mafdguet; totniyo. 
visible, adj., adv.: — anog; lil^n; dan<^. 
vision, n.; appearance: — Unit, 
visit, V. tr.; to inspect:— ^gftgft; fat6igae; 
. bisita. 
vital, adj.; mortal; essential:— fan 

matayan. 
vivacious, adj., adv.; lively; elegant; 

delicate; admirable: — airoso; lftl&. 
vocabulary, n.; dictionary: — dicsion- 

&xio. 
vooation, n.; calling; occupation: — 

ooupasi6n. 
voioe, n.>-bos. 
void, adj.; not valid; not admissible: — 

nulo; no bale; ti bale, 
vdoano, n.;— botcftn. 
voluble, adj.; fluent in speech: — ^nilagsd. 
volume, n.: — ^tomo. 
voluminous, adj.; copious; extensive: — 

megai na tomo. 
voluntary, adj.; spontaneous: — ^bolun- 

t&rio; mftlftgi. 
volunteer, n.: — ^boluntario. 
vomit, V. i.: — ^mutft. 
voracious, adj., ck/r.; ravenous; greedy: — 

goloBo; ambriento. 
vote, n.: — ^boto. 
vote, V. i.: — ^bota. 
vow, V. tr.; to make a vow; to make a 

solemn promise:- bote; promote, 
voyage, n.: — ^biaje. 
vujgcu:, adj.; unrefined; coarse: — 

tailaye; bastos; t&i ineyag. 



w. 



waddinfi^, n.; soft stuff of loose texture 

used for stuffing garments :^riyeno; 

afulo. 
wag, n.; jester; merry fellow: — num&- 

n&ohalig; chansero. 
wage, n.; payment for service; pay; 

salary: — suetdo. 
wager, n.; something staked on an 

issue : — daposta. 
wager, v. tr.; to hazard; to bet; to 

stake : — i^osta. 
wagon, n.: — careta; careton. 
wagon, n.; carriage: — calesa. 
wagon box (part of a wagon body), n.; — 

caman-careta. 
wail, 71.; lament; moan: — ^yanto; ti- 

nadj^. 
waist, n.: — sentura. 
waistcoat^ n.; — chaleco. 
wait, V. %.; to stay in expectation: — 



waiting room, n.; anteroom: — cuatton 

bisita. 
waive, v. tr.; to give up a claim; to 

for^: — despensa; sotta; asti; n&-para. 
wake, V. %.; to watch: — ^bela. 



wake up, v. %.; to waken; to awake: — 

yajo; uigmata: panj^on. 
walk, n.; — ^lin&^yau; pinecat; paseo. 
walk, V. %.; to leave; to depart; to go; to 

move: — fam6oat; pocat. 
wall, n.:— luga; padit; padet. 
wallow, V. %.; to roll one's body in the 

mire: — bafLadero; chucan; bumafla- 

dero; galelique. 
wander, v. %.; to stroll; to ramble about: — 

lum6u^a; lum&^yau. 
want, V. %.: — ^mSl&gd. 
want, n.; deficiency; defect: — ^nesesita; 

malagd; esc^; fiuatta. 
want, n.; penury^ poverty: — ^Jailas. 
want, V. tr.; to will: — ^jang^ai. 
war, n,; — guera; guenya. 
wardrobe, n.; closet for clothes: — 

aparad6t. 
warehouse, n.: — dep6sito. 
wares, n.; — efectos; metcaderfa. 
warm, v. tr.: — ^j&me. 
warm, v. tr.; to heat: — ^na-m&ipe; n&- 

tfbiu. 
warn, v. tr.; to give notice of danger: — 

na-tu£go nl peligro; faisen; abisar. 



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warranty, n.; bail; security:— fiaasa; 

finfa. 
warrior, n.; — ^lalajen guera; guerero. 
warship, n.;^i>atoon guera. 
wart, n.; bud: — dtlan. 
warty, (u(;.;^mi-diian. 
wash, V, tr.; to cleanse: — elS^ola; 

fdgaee. 
waimbasin, n.:— pila; famAgaaiyan. 
wash trav, n.; wooden tray, small, and 

almost nat:^bat6a. 
wasp, n.: — sasata. 
waste, V. tr.; to squander; to destroy 

wantonly:— gasta; despetdisia. 
waste, n.; the act of wasting; useless 

expenditure : — despetdisio. 
wasteful, adj., adv.; extravagant:— 

^&stadot. 
watch, n.; close observation: — rel68. 
watch, n.; guard: — ^y Tnamtlmnlan; 

gu&tdia. 
watch, V. %.; to guard: — ^pulan. 
watch, V. tr.; to observe the Sabbath:— 

guatda. 
watchman, n.; poet; guard:— gu&tdia. 
water, n.: — Janum. 
water bottle, n.: — go tgoretan janum. 
water gauge, n.; hydrostatic balance: — 

nibdt. 
water pumping station, n.: — estasidn 

bomban fanum. 
water reservoir, n.: — sagan janum; 

tinajan janum. 
water supply, n.; — aguada. 
watery, adj.: — ^bula janum; jinanum. 
wave, 71.; — ^napo. 
wave, V. tr., v. i.; to brandish; to swing: — 

n&-gupo^ yallbau; chucan. 
waver, v. %.; to stagger: — fl&ujan. 
wax, n.: — fiacre; cola; daiiguis. 
wax candle, n.: — da£guis sera, 
we, 'pers. pron.: — ^jita; jame (us, pers. 

pron.: jit; jam), 
way, n.; road; route; street:— chalan. 
wayward, adj., adv.: — caprichoso. 
weak, adj.; depressed; languid; feeble. — 

y&fai; d^bit. 
weak, adj.; thin (rope) : — gueton. 
weaken, v. tr.; to enfeeble: — ^n&-y&fai. 
weal, n.; callosity: — g&tot; cayos. 
wealthy, adj.; fortunate; opulent; lucky; 

happy; prosperous: — affottunao. 
wean, v. tr.; to wean a child: — gunus. 
wear, n.; use: — ^usa. 
weary, v. %.; to be weary; to be fatigued; 

to be tired:— yajras. 
weary, adj., adv.; tired; surfeited:— dson. 
weather, n.: — tiempo. 
weave, v. tr.: — tufog. 
weave, v. tr.; to pleat: — ^mamfog. 
weaver, n.: — tftufog. 
webbing, n.; a narrow woven fabric of 

cotton or flax: — tinifog. 
wed, V. tr.,v. %.; to marry: — &camd. 
wedding, n.; wedlock; marriage: — ^in- 

&cam6; um&camd; matrim6nio. 
wedding feast, n.:— fan da gg ^go. 



wedding gift (of the bridegroom to the 

bride), n.; — aog. 
wedge, n.; — cnfLa. 
Wednesday, n.: — mi^tcoles. 
weed, n.; useless plant:— lomut; ch&^- 

guan. 
weed out, v. tr.; to use up; to spread:— 

jtlto. 
week, n.; period of seven days: — 

semana. 
weigh, v.tr.yV. %.: — pesa. 
weigh anchor, v. tr.: — leba y atf^la. 
weigh by hand, v. tr.:— tajlalS^. 
weighmaster, n.;— pesa<16t. 
weigh, n.:— pesa; nunacat. 
welcome, adj.; received with badness or 

hospitality: — ^felis biaje; bienbenida. 
well, n.: — peso; asiento; tupd. 
well, n.: pit:— joyo. 
well-being, n.; good fortune: — guin^f- 

saga, 
well-meaning, adj.; benevolent; well 

disposed toward some one: — oh6diijet; 

mangoflie. 
west, n.:— luchan; gui lichan; san lichan. 
wet, adj.; damp; moist:— flojmon; fot- 

gon; masmas. 
wet, V. tr.; to moisten: — ^nft-fotgon. 
whale, n.: — saltU^^ai; bayena. 
whaler, n.;— havenero. 
whatP pron.; which? something: — ^Jafa. 
whatever, adv.: — ^jaf ja; masea jafa. 
wheat, n.; grain: — trigo. 
wheedle, v. %.; to flatter; to fawn on: — 

fa-andt. 
wheel, n.; — ^rueda. 
when, conj.; whenever: — anguin; an- 

guinj&; yaguin; yanguin; an; nai; dnai; 

figaian. 
when? adv.: — ^fi^anP 
where? adv.: — ^maaSgguiP manoP 
whet, V. tr.; to sharpen: — guasa. 
whether, conj.; if: — cau. 
whetstone, n.; grindstone: — ^guasa^on. 
which, rel. pron.: — ^nl. 
whichP pron. interrog.; who? — ^jayeP 

jafa? 
wiiile, conj.; dxuing the time that: — 

esp&sio; pot espdsio de; mientras. 
whim, n..* — Tninalagd; antojo. 
whip, n..— latigo; cuatta. 
whiplash, n.; — cuattaso. 
whirlwind, n.; tornado; whirlpool: — 

remolino. 
whisper, v.tr.,v. %.; to speak secretly: — 

fia£gon. 
whistle (signal whistle), n.; mouth 

harmonica : — ^bibeg. 
whistle, V. tr.fV. %.; to whistle as a mark 

of disapproval; to hiss; to buzz; to 

crack the whip: — ^bel^foel^. 
whistle, V. tr,, v. %.; to whistte with the 

lips: — ohefla. 
white, adj.: — &^paoft. 
white, n.; the white of an egg: — ft^'paca 

chada. 
whitish, (uf;.;— inapac&an; ftpac&fLdijon. 



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whitewaflh, v, tr., '-^luSf^neA; n&- 

ft^pac&. 
whiz of a bullet, n.:— bixie£g:betfS:. 
whoP pron., irUenog.; which?— JayeP 
whoever, pron.: — ^J&yeJA; maaea jaye. 
whole, aaj,; complete: — todo; entero. 
wholesale, adj.: — a pot znayot. 
wholesome, adj.; BO\md:-Hialadable. 
wholly, adv.; entirely; exclusively: — 

enterero; tododo. 
whosoever, pron.;— mas sea Jaye; 

mas que sea jaye. 
wick, n.; tinder:— meoha. 
wicked, adj.; ungodly^ unbelieving; in- 
fidel:— tfilaye; ti jeJSj^gue; ti man- 

jonl^gue. 
wide, adj., adv.; broad; roomy; spcM> 

ious:- matalU; m&^guag; fedft; ancho. 
widen, v. tr.; to expand: — ^nA-mft^guag; 

n&-ancho. 
widower, n.; widow: — ^biudo; biuda. 
width, n.: — ^flned&; inancho. 
wife, n.: — astoua. 
wild, adj., adv.; fierce; savage: — 

machaleg. 
wild animal, n.:— machaleg na ^^\ 

dddau na g&gft. 
will, n.; free will:— pintd. 
win, V. tr.; to want to: — iB£f;si; malagd. 
willingly, adv.; of a free will:— pot 

minagof; m^lgogof. 
win by conquest; v. tr.; to acquire; to 

procure by effort:— conquista. 
win, V. tr.; to defeat; to gain; to earn: — 

gana. 
wkice, V. X.; to shrink:— pateg; toyd; 

Bumeja pot pinite. 
wind, n.; air: — ^ma£gl6; dire, 
window, n.;— ^fsjiS^oJan; femelaguan; 

bentana. 
wind, V. tr.; to wind up a thread: — 

fll-bola y Jilo; falulun. 
windy, o^.;— ma mB£gl6; nabinila; 

bula mangld. 
*wine, n.;— bino. 
wine press, n.: — ^prensa para mam- 

ug6 ubas. 
wing, n.; — ^papa. 
wink, v. %.; to blink; to twinkle: — 

aehetgue. 
winning, n.; gain: — gantosia. 
winter, n.;— tiempon manetfj^elSg:. 
wipe out, V. tr.; to destroy; to consume; 

to devour: — nA-mafnas; funas. 
wire, n.; — alamle. 
wireless telegraphy, n.;— telegrafia 

de r&dio. 
wisdom, n.; prudence; sagacity; shrewd- 
ness : — min^jnalum. 
wise, adj., adv.; prudent; sagacious; 

sly; crafty; leajmed; sensible: — ^faye; 

mi-tftanos; s&bio; tomtom, 
wish, .n.; craving; desire; longing: — 

tina£g:a. 
wish, v. tr.; to desire; to crave; to long: — 

tatf^; desea. 
wish happiness to, v. tr.; to congratu- 
late: — ^felisftar; malagOi minagof. 



wistful, adj.y adv.; pensive:— g& man 

desea; g&malagd: atento. 
wit, n.; humor: — ^jinaso. 
witch, n.; sorceress: — ^bruja. 
with, prep.; in conjunction with:— con; 

jran; nt. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to abolish: to dismiss; 

to revoke; to countermana: — deroga. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to draw off: — des- 

caenta. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to take away: — ^retira; 

nft-mdjfiao. 
within, prep.: — dentro de. 
within, ach).; inside; there within: — 

guijalum; jalum; sanjalum. 
without, prep.: — sin. 
without appetite:— t&iganas. 
without delay: — enseguidas. 
with special care : — con mucho cuid&o. 
withstand, v. %.; to turn against; to 

look some one sharply in the face: — 

fanft; d&m&. 
witness, n.; — testigo. 
witty, adj.f adv.; ingenious; clever; 

inventive : — grasioso. 
wolf, n.; — ^lobo. 
woman, n.; — ^pal&uan. 
womanly, adj., adv.: — calan pal&ucm; 

pinalduan. 
wonder, n.; miracle: — ^milagro. 
wonderful, adj., adv.; miraculous; mar- 
velous: — ^milagroso; n&^manman. 
wood, n.;— Jayo. 
wool, n.; — ^lana. 
word, n.; expression; term: — tdtmino; 

sinafigan; palabra. 
word, n.; language:— find; finijd; idioma. 
work, v. tr., v. %.; to labor; to toil: — 

faohdohd. 
work, V. tr.; to make; to plant: — chd^giie; 

ffttinas. 
work, n.; act; action; deed: — fln&tinas. 
work, n.; building: — ch6ch6; chind'gtte; 

fin&tinas; nin&juyong. 
work, n.; creation: — nin&juyulSg; man- 

ftjuyu^. 
work of charity, n.: — chdchd yin^asd. 
work of love, n.: — obra de cadd&d. 
worker, n.; laborer; workman: — tra- 

bajad6t. 
work, n .; task :— ch6chd. 
world, n.: — todo y tcmd. 
worldly, ocf;.:- gfttand. 
worm, n.; — ulii; y cumucucunaf nagftgft. 
worry, v. tr.; to vex; to annoy: — at- 

borota. 
worry, v. %.; to brood; to indulge in 

melancholy meditation:— Jasuye de- 

masiao. 
worse, adj.; to get worse: — ^lum&- 

t&ilaye. 
worship, v. tr.; to adore; to love passion- 
ately .—adora. 
worst, adj.; worse than all others: — ^mas 

baba; mas tdilaye. 
worth, n.; value; price:— bale, 
worth, V. tr.; to be worth: — g&ibale. 



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zone 



worth the price,: — ^bale; bale yan y 
pr^fido. 

wound, n.; defect; sore; abscess: — 
chetnot; erida. 

wound, V. tr.; to hurt; to damage: — 
fafietnot; nft-fafietnot; chdtnot; n&- 
lamen. 

wound, V, tr,; to lacerate; to injure: — 
nft-chetnudan. 

wounded, adj.: — ohetnudan: eridio. 

wrangle, v. %.; to quarrel: — ^mamo; 
momye. 

wrap in, v. tr.; to line: — afuluye. 

wrap up, i;. tr.; to swathe; to swaddle; to 
infold: — afuvut. 

wrath, n.; cooler; ire; indignant pas- 
sion: — ^ira; bimbo. 

wreck, n.; — ^malag. 

wreckage, n.; remains of a wrecked ves- 
sel:— aoblan 7 malag na batoo. 



wrench, v. tr.; to wring or pull with a 
twist:— tara bira; nft-apli^; amot. 

wrestle, v. %.: — &ful6; um&fuld. 

wretch, n.; despicable or worthless 
person:— t&ibale na t&otao. 

wretched, adj.^ adv.; miserable; un- 
happy: — ^miaerahle; gobble. 

wretchedness, n.; misery: — ^misdria; 
pineble. 

wrinkle, n.: — ^macalejlo: majedo; jedo. 

wrinkled, otf;..'— macale^o. 

write, V, tr.f v. t.;— ma^Steoi; tufful. 

writer, n.; clerk:— tftugui; escrebiente. 

wrong, n.; ixali; injury; injustice: — 
fatta: ninfttiilave; inediotig; lache. 

wrongful, adj.y aav.; injuriou»— mlladbi; 
milache. 

wry. adj.; distorted; twisted:— mabira; 
elcno^. 



Y. 



yacht, n.: — ^lanchita. 

yam, n.; — dago; nica; gadd. 

yank, v. tr.; to jerk; to twist:— go tpea. 

yard, n.; courtyard : — ^p&tio; smo. 

yawn, v. %.; to gape; to evaporate: — 

magap. 
year, n.: — sacan; afio. 
year, n.; new year: — alio nuebo. 
yearn, v. %.; to feel an earnest desire: — 

majala£g:. 
yeast, n.; sour dough: — ^lebadura. 
yeast, n.; sediment: — ^lebog; asiento. 
yen, V. %.; to yell very loudly; to yell 

one's self hoarse: — lundsalao; ^salau; 

umaga^. 
yelling, n.; clamor; shouting: — dsalau; 

inagafig. 
yellow, adj.y adv.: — amariyo. 
yellow sugar, n.; candy: — caramelo. 
yes, adv.: — ju£gan; juo. 
yesterday, adv.:—mgA'p, 



yet, adv.; not yet: — trabla. 

yet, adv.; still, in addition:— traWa. 

yield^ v.tr.yV. i.; to produce: — gantosia; 

nft-juyo^; nft-guaja. 
yielc^ v.tr.fV. %.; to submit; to concede: — 

oerue; jol^gue; p61o. 
yielding, adj.; fertile; rich; productive:— 

ffanansioeo. 
y»e, n.; — ^yugo. 
yolk (of an egg), n.;— agag& chadA; 

yema. 
yon, pron.f adj.; yonder; that: — 6nau; 

6nao. 
you, pers. pron.;— Jago (sing.); jamyo 

iplur.). 



young, adj.: — ^patgon, joben. 
[)ur, pron.: — lyomo (j * 
(plur.). 



your, pron.: — lyomo [sing.); iyonmiyo 



youth, n.:— iubentdd; pinatgon. 
youthful, aaj.; fresh; vigorous: — ^Joben; 
patgon. 



seal, n.; ea^mess; diligence: — empelLo; 

quinimplido; esmero. 
zealous, adj., adv.; emulous; ardent; 

ea^er: — empefUlo; empefLoso; cum- 

phdo. 



zero, n./ naught: — sero. 

zinc, n.; a bluish-white metal: — sin. 

zone, n.; one of the five zones of tempera- 
ture : — sona; una gui sinco na dibisidn y 
tand pot temperatura. 



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PART II.-CHAMORRO-ENGLISH. 



A. 

Note.— Names of fishes, trees, etc., and their descriptions are based upon W. E. Saflord's Useful 
Plants of the Island of Guam. 



a, prep.: — at (ex., at eleven o'clock: a 
las onse); uin-&: — together; opposite 
each other; uni&-faiia 7 doe: — they 
(two persons) stood opposite eacn 
other. 

a& (xnamnan), 1;. %.; aho al^laft: — to 
gape; to yawn; to open the mouth wide. 

Moonsela, n.; also coxiBejero: — advisor; 
councillor. 

Aamte, n.; also medico: — surgeon; doc- 
tor; physician. 

y (y IS the definite article):— iftllau; 
(Uso bictorioso, n.; — ^victor. 

lUkposta, n.;— one who wagers; one who 
stakes something on an issue. 

&-atte, adj.: — trickieh: full of intrigue. 

ababa^y n.;— butterfly. 

lUiban, n.; also &aba^: — local name for 
a tree of the species of Eugenia, the 
hard, close-drained wood of which is 
much used in construction work. 

abag, V. tr.j v. %.: — to misrepresent; to 
lose one's way; to go astray; to be lost; 
to go to the bad; to disapp^r. 

ababa^l^, n.: — name applied to several 
short, flat fishes witn conspicuous 
markings, the prettiest of which, 
abundant in tide pools of the coral 
reefs, are ornamented with black and 
yellow stripes. 

ababaiSg g^pfilau, n.; — name given by 
the natives to a beautiful harlequin, 
or bannerfish, with an elongated dorsal 
fin, and black, yellow, and white 
vertical stripes. 

ababa^l^ pintado, n.; — local name of 
a beautiiul and striking little fish, 
common in the tide pools of the reef; 
silvery and yellow, with black spots 
and bands. 

&baca, n.: — manila henip. 

&bald, adj., adv.; also aplach&: — dirty; 
impure; unclean; in-abal6, n.; — im- 
purity. 

abandona, v. tr.; also diSj^o; desam- 
para: — abandon; to leave; to quit; to 
leave behind* to forsake; to desert. 

abandonaoy adj.: — ^abandoned; left; for- 
saken; left alone. 

abcoidono, n.: — abandonment; forlorn 
condition; dereliction. 

abanico, n.; also pund laid; panag- 
lal6: — ^fan; fly-swatter. 



abas, n.;— local name for the guayaba 
apple. 

abeja, n.; — bee. 

aberlgxia, 1;. <r., 1;. t.; also ffiisen: — to 
interrogate; to question; to ask. 

aberfgua, v. tr.; also reconose; in- 
bestiga: — to investigate; to inquire; 
to search into; to examine closely; to 
scan; to sift; to probe. 

aberiguad6t, adj., adv.; also curioso; 
g& xnamfiisen: — inauisitive; curious. 

abettura, n.; also binaba: — aperture; 
opening; hole; cavity. 

abia, v. tr.: — to provide; to provision; 
to sustain. 

abiba, v. i.: also anima: — to take courage. 

abiba, v. tr.; also anima; nA-balente: — 
to encourage; to inspire; to incite. 

ablchuelas, n.:— beans. 

abiettOy adj., adv.; also baba: — open; 
ajar; un&stened. 

abio, n.; also mcoitensidn: — livelihood; 
sustenance; subsistence. 

abiso, n.; also iziadbiette: — admonition; 
exhortation. 

abity adj.: — skillful (especially in small 
work). 

&bito, n.; also ttbiico: — garment; habit. 

abmam, adj.: — ajjo; gone; past. 

abmam, adv.: — since olden times; 1&- 
abmam: — for some time; for quite some 
time; ti-abmam: — immediately there- 
after; n&-abmam: — to put off; to post- 
pone; to defer ;um-abznam: — to loiter; 
to linger; to tarry; in-abmam: — to 
delay; to stay; to stop. 

abog, n.; also ma-goflid; g&choiig:: — 
friend. 

abogao, n.: — advocate; one who speaks 
for another; lawyer; attornev. 

abona, v. tr.: — to pay; to discharge a 
debt. 

abono, n.; also taqud: — manure; fertiliz- 
ing substance. 

abril, n.: — April. 

absuetbe, v. tr.: — to declare free; to re- 
lease; to pronounce not guilty; to ac- 
quit; to absolve. 

abund&nsia, n.; also minSgae; inabun- 
d&nsia; rico; mlcosas: — abundance; 
profusion; plenty; opulence; wealth; 
superfluity; overflow. 



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adbiento 



abundftngja, (ufj.;— ample; full; abun- 
dant. 

abuttao, adj.:— piled up; amaesed; 
hoarded; cumulated. 

acft^ v. tr,: — to bite; to gnaw; to cruBh or 
pierce with the teeth. 

ftcaoam, n.; — molar tooth. 

aoacha, adj,: — troublesome. 

acachaye, v. tr.: — to cheat; to deceive; to 
defraud; to do damage to; to dupe. 

acadidog, adj.^ adv.: — sharp; keen; cut- 
ting. 

acftgiie:— left (direction to the left). 

ac^eiie fafayifia, acfj.;— left-handed. 

ficalayd, v. tr.; also nft-tunog: — to lower; 
to let down. 

acalej&, n.; — snail. 

kcBlei^f adj.; also apli£g^; cojo: — dislo- 
cated; lame; twisted. 

ficamd, V. tr.y v. i.:—to wed; to marry. 

acaUgcal^, n.; — local name for the sword 
bean, a twining creeper, bearing long 
esculent pods which, though coarse in 
appearance, when sliced and boiled, 
are tender and scarcely inferior to 
French beans; in Guam its purple 
flowers are conspicuous by the roadside. 

acaao, adv.^ conj.; also canft; jiijfig^guaxi; 
Jo£j^guiyon; siiiajft: — perhaps; by 
chance; may be; haply. 

aclara, v. tr.; also iiia: nA-fanulS^: — 
to illuminate; to enlighten; to light up. 

acoznpafta, v. tr.; also atiende; ines- 
g&i|on: — to accompany* to escort; to 
convoy; to attend; to play an accom- 
paniment to. 

acostuxnbra, v. tr.; also nA-payon 
(from payon: to become accustomed 
to): — ^to accustom; to inure; to hab- 
ituate. 

aoompaiiainiento, n.; — convoy; escort; 
accompaniment. 

aooxnpara, v. tr.: — to compare; to liken; 
to draw a parallel between. 

acomosinaoy n.; also maestro: — ^boss; 
master; foreman. 

aco^, n.; also &placfa&: — ^filth; smut; 
mud; dirt (on the head). 

acoxiBeja, v. %.; also pagat: — to counsel; 
to advise; to assist; to preach. 

aconaela, v. tr.; also atpajon: — to guess 
(by all sorts of signs); to divine; to find 
by conjecture; to prophesy; to tell 
one^s fortune. 

acotdidn, n.;also atmonico: — accordion, 

acre, n.: — acre. 

acr6ed6t, n.; — creditor. 

acseptasidn, n.; also chinild; resibo; 
rinesibe; inaosepta: — receipt; accept- 
ance. 

acsepta, v. tr.; also resibe; chuld: — to 
receive; to accept. 

ascidente, adj., oifv. ;—<x;casional; in- 
cidental; casual. 

acsidente, n.; also desgr&sia: — acci- 
dent; untoward event; unlooked-for 
happening. 



acsion, n.; also fln&tinas: — action; deed ; 
creature; work; act. 

actibo, adj.; also n^an julat; naJolSg: — 
effective; efficient. 

aoii8ad6t^ n.; also deinaiidad6t: — 
plaintiff; one who commences a suit in 
a court of law. 

acha, n.; also g&chai: — ax. 

acha. V. tr.; aUo nA-mMaflft; — ^to make 
mellow; to beat; to make tender. 

ach&-ui^:ag, v. tr.: — to balance; to make 
of equal weights. 

achaca, v. tr.: — attribute; to rate; to 
put down to some one's account. 

&diai, n.; — chin. 

ach&ica^y v. %.: — to plunge down; to be 
precipitated; to tumble; to tilt; to 
rush; to move or press forward with 
impetuosity; to enter with undue 
eagerness. 

ach&icagy v. tr.: — to turn over; to throw 
headlong. 

ach^ieua, adj.; also parejo; aya: — 
similar; resembling; equal. 

ach&igua, n.; also pinarejo: — sem- 
blance; likeness. 

achagOfiay adj.: — farther; more distant 
or remote. 

achaque, n.; also ataque: — ^fit; shock; 
attack. 

acheteue, v. %.; also chalamlam: — to 
blink; to wink; to twinkle. 

achamchaniy n.; — ^jawbone; the lower, 
or nether, jaw. 

achaque, n.; also jinatme: — sudden 
attack; penetration. 

achatatanmo, n.; also enemigo; achat- 
liemo: — enemy; opponent. 

achetgue, v. %.; also chalamlam: — to 
blink; to wink; to twinkle. 

achigO, V. %.: — to close the eyes. 

achiote, n.; achote; achuete:— ;local 
name for a small tree bearing prickly 
capsules containin|^ seeds surrounded 
by a red pulp, which yields the well- 
known annotto or amotto of com- 
merce; the chief uses to which it is 
applied are for dyeing silk and cotton 
orange-yellow, and for coloring cheese 
and butter; the color imparteato fab- 
rics, however, is not lasting. 

ach6, n.: — stone; rock; cliff. 

achd-atupat, n.; — sling-stone. 

&chog, conj.; also achogjft; sin enbateo . 
na: — notwithstanding that; though; 
although; albeit. 

achoniy v. %.: — to sneeze. 

achd molino, n.; — millstone. 

achd-fiafiac, n.: — coral. 

ach6 ni mi bale, n.; also yema:— gem; a 
precious stone. 

acSid pucd, n.: — fishing stone (atone used 
by the natives when fishing). 

adft, V. tr.: — to jeer at; to backbite; to 
scoff; to deride. 

adag, V. tr.y v. %.; also atcoi; dacut: — to 
rap; to strike a quick, sjbarp blow; to 
knock. 



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131 



aga£|^e 



adale I inter j.; also cuidao I — be careful! 
take care ! beware ! 

adaje, v. tr.j v. i.; also zncoiea: — to be- 
have; to conduct; to demean; to be- 
ware; to have a care; to be attentive. 

adalaul inter j.: — but! (exclamatory). 

adamelo^gy adj.^ adv,: — circular; round; 
rotund (ball, roll of writing or scroll). 

adau8e» V. i.: — to intertwine. 

adbiento, n.; also Jijijot: — ^advent. 

adbiette, v. tr.; also cuca; pagat: — to 
admonish; to advise; to caution; to 
stimulate; to preach. 

adbiette, v. tr.; also atituye; atan; 
faisen:— to advertise. 

adelanta, v. t.; also lum&mauleg; nft- 
lat fdna; ma-xnejora: — to improve; to 
advance; to better one's circumstances; 
to make progress; to prosper; to thrive; 
to succeed. 

adelanta! interj.; also sigtie mdnal — 
advance ! onward I 

adelantao, adj.; also aumenta; luxna- 
ladtilo; gsl producto: — ^rising; in- 
creasing; nourieubing; thriving. 

adelanto, n.; also linaia: — evolution; 
development; growth. 

ademas, adv.; also fuerade(^p.): — ^be- 
sides; moreover; apart from that. 

adeiig:, n.: — foot. 

adet, adj. , adv.; also cuxnplido; maxnpoe; 
msdamafia: — severe; strict; austere; 
rigid. 

adibina, v. tr.: — prophesy; to tell one's 
fortune. 

adibina, n.;— riddle; enigma; puzzle. 

adid^, n.; — ^leg; one oi the limbs by 
which men and animals walk; pataa, 
n.: foot. 

ading:axi, v. tr., v. i.; also adirtfeftne; 
alog; cuentos: — to speak; to talk; to 
say; to utter. 

adin^anfye, v. i.: — to intercede, or to 
speak in favor of some one. 

adingo, v. i.; also na-suja; separa: — 
to separate; to part; to go asunder. 

adios, interj.; also fells biaje: — farewell; 
may you fare well; may you prosper. 

admaye laao sija, v. tr.: — to lay snares. 
'admirante, n.; — admiral. 

admlte, v. tr.: — to admit; to allow; to 
let come to pass. 

adomfdidl, ac^.: — gradual; step by step; 
by degrees. 

adopta, v. tr.; also ganye: — to adopt 
(as one's own child); to select. 

adora, v. tr.: — to adore; to worship; to 
idolize; to love passionately. 

adotgan, V. tr.: — to traverse; to run 
through; to go through. 

adotna, v. tr.: — to decorate; to adorn; 
to trim. 

adotno, n.; — ornament; adornment; em- 
bellishment. 

adrede, adj., adv.; also jaslS^n; de- 
potsf zua-jasuye: — designed; inten- 
tional; premeditated. 

aduazia, n.;— customhouse. 



adaana, n.; also apas; derechos: — 

customs duties; duties; fees. 
aduaziayon, adj.: — dutiable; subject ta 

duty. 
aducoiero, n.: — revenue officer • 
a^duco, adj.; also a^tamos; ndsio: — 

imbecile; feebleminded; idiotic, 
adquil^t, n.; also adquil6n: — rental,^ 

amount of rent, 
adquila, v. tr,; also arienda: — to rent; 

to let by lease; to farm out. 
aeronauta, n.; also piloton aire: — 

aeronaut, 
a fabot de: — in favor of. 
aiafa, n.; — armpit. 

aiafa^'i, V. tr.: — to carry under the arm- 
pit. 
afaxnao, adj., adv.; also distilSg^guido: — 

famous; distinguished. 
afatigao, n.; — fatigue; weariness; mental 

or bodily exhaustion, 
afltiua, V. tr.; also defiende Jafa na 

rason: — to allege; to affirm; to assert. 
aflago, n.; also tuyan; pat61: — lower 

part of the abdomen; groin, 
anito, V. tr.: — to fry: to bake in a pan. 
afloja, V. tr.: — to decrease in tension; 

to slacken; to unbend. 
afloja, V. tr., v. i.; also cumacalo; 

fLumaba: — to relax; to enervate or to 

become enervated. 
afog, n.: — lime, 
afottunao, adj., adv.; also felle: — 

fortunate; wealthy; opulent; lucky; 

prosperous; happy; auspicious, 
afottunao, n.; also suette: — good for- 
tune. 
afte^ V. tr.: — to cover; to cover the roof 

(with leaves of the cocoa palm). 
afuetsaa, adj., adv.; also pot y fuetsa; 

fue tsao : — forcible ; violent . 
afuetsas, v. tr.: — to subdue; to compel; 

to force; to coerce; to constrain, 
afulo, n.; also riyeno: — wadding; soft 

stuff of loose texture used for stuffing 

garments; lining of a garment, 
afuluye, v. tr.: — to wrap in; to line, 
afuzian gupot, n.; also bfspercoi gu> 

, pot: — evening before a festivity, 
aniyut, v. tr.: — to swaddle; to swathe; to 

wrap up; to infold. 
aga, n.; — raven. 
aga, n.: — banana, when ripe. 
^li^g^} n.; also cueyo: — neck. 
agaga, adj.; also didog agagatla: — 

scarlet; of a bright red color, 
agaliya, n.: — a variety of fig-tree. 
aga£S:, adj., adv.; also buruquento: — 

loud; noisy. 
aga£g^, V. tr., v. i.; also eate: — to cry; to 

cry out; to howl (ex.^ the wind); to 

roar («r., the bull); to peep (ex,, the 

chicks). 
aga£g:, V. tr.; also agai^:ue: — to sum- 
mon; to call; to announce a marriage 

from the pulpit; to call together. 
agaiSgue, v. tr.; also conbita; combida; 

jujo; soy6: — to invite. 



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agafigft&ijon 



132 



aliansa 



agaffifi&ilon, v. tr.:— to publish. 

agapa, aav.; also g^ui aeapft:— on the 
right hand; to the right hand. 

agara, v^tr.yV. %,; also ^^achft; tac&: — to 
graap; to catch up with; to attain; to 
reacn; to seize with the hand. 

Hgo, V. tr.; also tul&ica:— to change; to 
exchange; to bring cattle from one place 
to another. 

ag6daiy v. tr.; also ma-a^dai; n&- 
lalal6:— to inflame; to excite; to fire 
with passion. 

a^daiy adj.; also n& fafiiUl; sotfggue: — 
inflamed; incensed. 

agoetiiye,i;.fr.:--to assail; to attack; to 
fall upon (applies especially to an 
attack of many upon one). 

agoniaa, n.; also pinadese:— agony; 
pangs of death. 

agoeto, n.;— August. 

agradable, adj.^ adv.; also nft^magof: — 
agreeable; obliging; pleasing. 

agradese, v. tr.; also fivdflamen; 
tasa: — to appreciate; to value. 

agradese, v. tr.; also n&e gr&aias:— to 
give thanks ; to return thanks ; to express 
gratitude about; to acknowledge inaebt- 
edness for. 

agradeBido, adj.^ adv.; also magaoxn 
linaluxn; pexiitiylye:— thankful ; grate- 
ful; sympathizing. 

Agradesizniento, n.; also gratiflca; in- 
agradese; nixifte; premio: — reward; 
recompense; thanks; gratitude; ac- 
knowledgment. 

agraznadera, n.; — brake; wagon brake. 

4gua, V. tr.; also gope: — to jump; to 
skip; to leap lightly over; to omit. 

agua bendita, n.;— holy water. 

aguada, n.: — water supply. 

&guaguat, adj.: — obstinate. 

aguagu&te, v. %.; also aptil&i; fachd- 
chfle; miunu: — to struggle; to strive 
hard; to labor earnestly. 

aguagu&te, v. tr.; also opone; resiste; 
ti malague: — to disagree; to contra- 
dict; to quarrel; to dispute; to struggle. 

Hguaiya, n.: — amour; love affair; also 
gttin&iya; n6bio; &nobio: — lover; gal- 
lant; spendthrift. 

aguanon, n.; also jagoi: — shallow lake; 
lagoon. 

aguante, v. tr.; also sul^on; sos- 
tiene: — to tolerate; to bear; to sup- 
port; to endure; to sustain. 

HgUet, V, tr.: — to throw; to cast; to 
fling. 

&guila, n.: — eagle. 

agululuxne, v. tr.: — to flock or crowd 
together; to run together. 

Aguzuento, n.: — debate; deliberation; 
argument. 

agupa, n.; — to-morrow. 

Aguyon, adj.^ adv.; also tulaicayon: — 
variable; fluctuating; fickle; cnange- 
able; inconstant; mutable. 

Aiai, V. I.: — to grieve; to lament; to 
bemoan. 



&ire, n.; also niaiSg:ld: — air; ventilation; 

wind. 
airoso, adj., adv.; also eleeante^ t&i- 

pareJo:--delicate; admirable; hvely; 

vivacious; elegant. 
fiis. n.; also ielo: — ice. 
aifllado; adj., adv.; also xn&iBa; solo; 

retirao gui pumalo; suznajffiue: — 

isolated; solitary; secluded; ofPlying; 

remote; lonesome. 
&Ja, V. tr.: — to expose to the sun. 
aj6, adv.; also mu^S^: — no (opposite of 

yes). 
ajoe, n.;— ^rlic, cultivated more ex- 
tensively in Guam than the seboyas, 

onions; a favorite ingredient in many 

dishes of the Chamorro. 
ajuata, v. tr.; also fam&uleg; nA-gas- 

gas; na-tunas: — to settle a loan; to 

arrange; to set in order. 
&Ju8t&o, adj.; also lunaya; suflsiente: — 

adequate, 
ajuatao, adv.: — exactly; fitting snugly, 
ala, n.; — ^basket made from cocoa-palm 

leaves; not very durable; when doubled 

is called alan togtog. 
alaba, v. tr.; also alabado: — to praise; 

to laud; to commend, 
alaorftn, n.: — scorpion. 
alado, n.; — plow. 
alado, v.: — ^to plow. 
aladuyon, adj.; also sifla xna alado: — 

arable; fit for the plow, 
al&guan, n.; — rice soup. 
aialsen. v. tr.: — to fail to meet some one; 

to fail to fall in with some one. 
alaja, n.. -^-ornament; jewelry, 
alajas, n.; also gatbesas: — jewel; 

jewelry; ornament. 
filalft; n.; also dinesea: — greediness; 

desire, 
alala^, n.: — vernacular name of the 

linden-leaved morning-glory; a com- 
mon plant in Guam, 
alamle, n.: — wire, 
alamlen tftuc&, n.; — barbed wire. 
§da£J^f V. %.: — to gape; to open the mouth 

wide. 
fila£ga, adj., adv.; also baba; la£^; 

totpe: — stupid; foolish; silly; dull; 

simple. 
ala£^ila^, n.: — name of a tree bearing 

a profusion of greenish-yellow fragrant 

flowers, with long, fringe-like petals, 

from which the perfume ylang-ylang is 

made, 
alansa, n.: — displeasure. 
aid, V. tr.; also nA-ald; deahonra; nA- 

inald; nA-t&i-fama: — to insult; to 

bring disgrace upon; to injure the good 

name; to dishonor; to defame, 
ales, V. tr.; also pafiot ales: — to swallow; 

to gulp down (without masticating or 

chewing). 
alesna, n.: — awl. 
aliansa, n.; also inetnon: — alliance; 

bond. 



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alfbia 



133 



ancho 



^dfbia, V. tr.: — ^to facilitate | to ease; to re- 
lieve; to make easier or lighter, 
alibi&o; also coxiBuela; Inmamagof: — 

relieved; freed from pain, suffering, or 

Rrief. 
alfbio, n.; also qninesuela; descazmo: — 

solace; consolation; relief; mitigation; 

easing; alleviation; comfort. 
Centos, n.; also alientos; jinagolSg^: — 

breath. 
alfgaUy v.tr.,v. %.; also dgftgft: — to seek; 

to search for; to try to find; to be in 

quest of. 
^Oiliflgr, n.>-ehellfish. 
:ali2na8ae, n.: — crustacean; crayfish; 

crawfish, 
^dixnenta, v. tr.; also chugO; xi&-cho- 

cho: — to feed; to nourish; to support. 
■alinxentOy n.; also n^fficand: — nutri- 
ment; nourishment; eatables, 
alifia, V. tr.; also fftin6uleg[; fftzoauli- 

que: — to decorate; to put in order; to 

remedy; to prepare, 
alifiao, adj.; also gasgas — tidy; trim; 

neat. 
Wtfgqnin, v. tr.; also puja: — to capsize; 

to turn over. 
alisto, adj. J (wfo.:— brisk; alert; quick, 
alitos, n.: — earrings; ear pendants. 
alxnojada, n.; also alunan: — pillow, 
alof, V. %.: — ^to call by signs; to simimon 

by signs, 
alog, v. ^. , i;. t.; a/«o &di]^aa; adi^^aae; 

cuentos: — to speak; to talk; to say; 

to utter, 
aloetittizno, adj.j adv.: — eventual; iilti- 

mate. 
:alula, V. tr.; also alulaye; n&-chadeg: — 

to hasten; to move quicker; to hustle; 

to exhibit energy and alacrity. 
alunan, n.; al^ almojada: — ^pillow; 

cushion, 
alunan- ja^o, n.; also barote: — ^head- 

rest; ancient pillow, made of a short 

piece of wood, 
^dutoiig:, n.: — granite. 
amaoa, n.; — ^banmiock. 
amama, n.; also ame: — ^remnant of the 

betel nut, which is thrown away after 

chewing. 
JiniaTnalTg^, n.: — lower lip. 
amariyo, adj., adv.: — yellow, 
amasa, v. tr.: — to knead the dough, 
amasca, v. tr.: — to chew tobacco, 
amasca, n.:^^chewing tobacco. 
amatgoso, n.; — balsam. 
amc6£ia, adj., adv.: — older, 
amed, aaj.; also de ed&d; bijo; antti- 

guo: — old; aged; ancient, 
amenasa, v. tr.; also fftfiftglie: — to 

threaten; to menace, 
amezicano, n.: — ^American. 
aminasa, v. tr.; also f&£L6gtte; jolS^afig:; 

nft-maa^fiao; minaft'^fiao: — to scare; 

to frighten; to strike with sudden 

terror, 
■aminaso, n.; also minaft^flao: — scare; 

a sudden fright or panic. 



aminudo, v, tr.: — retail; to sell in small 
quantities. 

amista, n.; also fe; giiin&iya: — ^fidelity; 
integrity; loyalty. 

amistosamente, adj., adv.: — ^friendly; 
amicable. 

amontona, v. tr.; also nft-etnon; 
fftmiuleg: — ^to amass; to heap up; to 
join. 

amorao, adj.; also enamorao: — enam- 
ored; smitten; in love. 

amot, V. tr.; also chuld^guan; fan- 
entayag: — ^to rob; to plunder; to de- 
prive by force; to despoil; to depose; 
to depopulate; to devastate. 

&mot, n.: — drug; medicine. 

ani6t, n.; also carid&d; gtiinfiiya: — 
love. 

&mot na ma na nA-ni6ig6, n.; also 
6pio:— opium. 

&mot p&laiy n.; also linlmiento: — lini- 
ment; a medicated liquid for rubbing 
into the skin. 

amot para chdtnot, n.; also engliente; 
pfilal: — ointment; an unctuous sub- 
stance applied to a wound or injured 
part. 

amotsa, v. i.: — to take, or to have, 
breakfast. 

anxotsay n.: — ^breakfast. 

ampara, v. tr.; also g6g1ie; s&gttd; 
saguan; nft-lijeiig:; proteje; de- 
fiende: — to guard; to Mielter; to de- 
fend; to protect. 

amores secos: — vernacular name for 
the awned beardgrass; common in 
Guam and furnishing good pasture, 
but disagreeable on accoxmt of its 
adherent awns; used in the Philippines 
for making hats and mats. 

anxte, v. tr.; also n&-1omld: — to heal. 

amte, n.; also remedia: — remedy; an 
efficacious medicine. 

amtiyon, adj., adv.: — curable. 

an (prefix): — something left over (ex. 
an-sepiyo: — ^wood shavings]. 

afia, V. tr.; also is&gtte; na-al6; n&- 
chatsaga; ofende: — to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage; to affront. 

anac6, adj.: — lengthy; long and tiresome. 
anac6 yan d&lalai na pedaao matiteg 
pat ma utot; retasos, n.; also peda- 
aito: — shred; piece; fragment; a long 
narrow piece torn or cut off. 

finaeoiig:, n.: — a very small hut. 

afiade, r. tr.: — to add; to append; to 
add to something already saia. 

anacd, adj.: — long; extenaed in time or 
length; not short. 

final, conj.; also an n&i; guin; guinjfi; 
yaguin; fi^an: — ^when; whenever. 

final jfi, conj.: — every time when . 

fiflau, V. tr.; also julat; petde: — to over- 
come; to subdue; to reduce to subjec- 
tion; to conquer. 

ancho, adj., adv.; also feda; mi lu^t; 
dfi£g:culo na lugat: — spacious; wide: 
roomy. 



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imdame 



184 



apasfgrna 



andame, n.; also andamio:— scaffold- 

ing; Btiging. 
andasy n.; also an^gariya: — ^bier; bed. 
andi, adj.; also wntten andd; gatbo: — 

nobby; etylifih; gaudy; diowy; vulgarly 

andl, n.; also written andd: — dandy; 
fop; coxcomb. 

anduyd, n.;— filler of a cigar; a bundle 
of ten small tobacco leaves, 
cla, n.; — anchor; andioring ground, 
les, n.; — ^indigo, 
jet, n.; pZ., angjeles: — angel. 
:16, adj.y adv.; also dogtf^os: — ^barrep; 
ry; and; destitute of moisture. 

a£gld, adj.; also coxiBado; esterit; t&i 
min&uleg; n& od&:— sterile; barren; 
producing little or no crop. 

am:oco, V. tr.y v. %.; also tag^an; eon- 
na: — to intrust; to confide; to look for; 
to expect; to hope. 

afigocuyan, adf;., (wfi;.;— true; faithful; 
confident. 

aneosto, adj.^ adv.; also tunas: — ^narrow; 
close; strict; straight. 

anpiin, conj.; yang^uin: — ^if; on condi- 
tion; supposing that; whether; al- 
though. 

anitbets&rio, n.; also cumple aflos: — 
anniversary. 

anixna, v. tr.; also choneg; n&-ina- 
tatfS^; suon: — to elate; to raise the 
spirits of; to inspire; to encourage; to 
strengthen. 

anima, v. %.; also abiba: — ^to take courage. 

toimas, n. pZ..* — poor souls. 

aniznao, adj.; also Iftlft: — lively; active; 
brisk; animated. 

animo, n.;also atrebimiento: — courage; 
mettle. 

anixnoBO, adj., adv.: — daring; rash; wild; 
boldj venturesome; also b&tbaro: — 
spirited; courageous; matatnga: — 
capable; brave. 

anine£g:, n.; also nuloiig:; aombra: — 
shade; shady place; shadow. 

aniyo, n.; y aniyon lulug nl luniililic6 
gvd puntan cadena pat masea 
mano: — link; a single ring or division 
of a chain; rinff. 

anlaag^e, n.; also leston: — lath; a strip 
of wood. 

aninasiian, n.; also pillau; paladaa: — 
scar; weal; mark. 

alio, n.: — year. 

alio nuebo, n.; — the New Year. 

anog. V. %.: — to come in sight; to shine 
fortn; to make one's appearance. 

anonas, n.; — local name lor the bullocks 
heart or custard apple, a tree of Ameri- 
can origin; its fruit is long in ripening, 
and the natives do not esteem it very 
highly, but it is a favorite food for the 
faniji, the fruit-eating bat of Guam. 

ante, n.; also jinalum:— soul; the inner 
man; heart. 



antee&mara, n.; also ouatton bisita: — 
waiting-room; anteroom. 

anteholos, n.;-H9pectacles. 

antes bien, adj.; also mas bien: — sooner; 
much more: rather; to the contrary. 

antes de, adv., prep.; also antes que; 
mona; san nxena: — ^before; in front. 

antiguo gui setbfsio: — veteran. 

antiguo, adj.; also de edad; amed; bijo; 
bija: — old; aged; ancient. 

antoio, n.; also minalagd: — ^whim. 

antula, n.; also linipa: — fraud; deceit; 
cheating; imposition; humbug. 

antupa, n.;— rubbish; debris (in build- 
ine operations). 

anula, v. tr.; also na-dilug; na-deiSga:— 
to reverse; to turn upside down; to 
change entirely. 

antmsia, v. tr.: — to announce; to herald; 
to publish. 

aog, n.: — wedding gift, of the bride- 
groom to the bride. 

a^a<;ft, adj.: — white. 

i/^SLcii, chada, n.; also claranchada: — 
white of an egg. 

apa^^aiiaijon, adj.; also blalS^uisco; 
inapacaan: — ^whitish . 

apacha, n.;— grasshopper. 

apaga, n.: — shoulder. 

apagave, v. tr.: — to load upon the 
shoulders. 

apagon, adj.y adv.; also fotgon: maga- 
em; ilmido: — moist; humia; damp 
(preventing an object from burning). 

apan, v. tr.^v. %.: — to recede {ex., water); 
to become dry. 

apanae, v. %.: — clash; to strike violently 
together. 

aparaddt, n.; — wardrobe; closet for 
clothes. 

aparad6t nei!g:cand, n.;— pantry; pro- 
vision closet. 

aparejo, v. tr.; also prepara: — to pre- 
pare. 

aparejo, n.; also siya (para y tatald 
gaga): — saddle. 

aparinsia, n.; also mata: — looks; ap- 
pearance; eye. 

aparente, adj., adv.; also calan puma- 
r^rejo; umachaigua: — seeming; ap- 
parent. 

apas, n.; also auetdo: — salary; recom- 
pense for service rendered; fee; gra- 
tuity; derechos; aduana: — customs 
duties; taxes. 

apase, v. tr.; also empas:— to atone; 
to expiate; to make reparation; to give 
satisfaction; to payj to reconcile. 

apas diario, n. .-—-daily wage. 

apase y daflo; also indemnifica: — to 
indemnify; to make good damage done. 

apaslgua, v. tr.; chuga; na-majgo^g: — 
to assuage; to appease; to soothe; to 
calm; to make gentle; to make peace- 
ful; to give pleasure to. 



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apasotes 



185 



aresta 



apas pat f&oae pot 7 xna satban y 
batco pat 7 eatgafia gui tasi: — sal- 
vage; compensation for saving a vessel 
or cargo at sea. 

apasotes, n.; — name used in Guam for 
Mexican tea, which is grown in many 
of the native gardens. 

apas pasaje, n..* — fare; sum paid for 
conveyance by railroad, etc. 

apatta, v. tr.; also nft-jfinau; re- 
muebe: — to remove; to take away; 
to send away. 

apattao, adj.; also sumaJlS^e: — sepa- 
rated; isolated; divided. 

apatte, adv.: — apart; aside. 

apatte, v. i.: — to partake; to take part; 
to share in common with others. 

apayujagy n.: — name of a large spider. 

apeche^, v. tr.: — 1<5 carry under the 
arm. 

ap^deloe, v. tr.: — ^to roll; to roll together 
hurriemy. 

apenas, cidj.f adv.; also 6oalag; escaso; 
Jalag:— scarce; not plentiful; seldom 
met with. 

apeyido, n.;— surname; family name. 

aplaca, v. tr.: — to make peace with 
God. 

aplacaoy adj.: — appeased; assuaged. 

&placha, adj.; also gai-fachd: — soiled; 
dirtv. 

&plaona, adj.; also &bald: — impure; un- 
clean; dirty; squaUd* foul. 

aplasta, v. tr.; also talM; gomgom: — to 
raze; to level to the ground; to blot out; 
to crush; to break. 

aple]%, V. tr.; also gunus:— to sprain a 
joint; to pull out; to wean a child. 

apliea, v. tr.: — to devote; to apply one*s 
self to some object. 

aplica, adj.; also confotxne: — devoted; 
understanding. 

apUcao, adj., adv.; also meton: — per- 
sistent; steadfast; perserverin^; con- 
stant; industrious; ailigent; assiduous; 
sedulous. 

aplicasidn, n.: — ^utilization; application; 
diligence. 

apli^, adj.: — disunited; at variance. 

apli]^, aaj.; also &calefi^:— dislocated; 
lame; twisted. 

aplog, n.; aUx> manja: — name applied to 
a tender coconut, already containing 
liquid. 

apd, V, %.; also asun: — ^to lie; to rest in a 
recumbent position. 

apoy n.; also senisa: — ashes; cinders; 
embers. 

ap6i, v. i.; descansa: — ^to recline; to rest; 
to repose. 

aposento, n.; also fansagayan: — habi- 
tation. 

aposta, n.: — ^bet; wager. 

aposta, V. tr.: — to bet; to wager. 

apdstoles, n.: — apostles. 

aprendfs, n.: — apprentice. 

apreta, v. tr.; also impide: — ^to restrain; 
to check; to repress. 



apretao, adj. : — contracted ; cramped ; 
ti|;htly strung. 

apneta, v. tr.: — ^to press; to clasp; to 
oppress; to afflict. 

aprobecha, v. tr.; also eosa: — ^to enjoy; 
to have the pleasure or oenefit of; to use 
as food or drink. 

aprobasi6n, n.; also inaprueba: — appro- 
bation; sanction; approval. 

apropdsitOy adj., adv.; also umaya:— fit; 
suitable; appropriate; adapted. 

aprueba. v. tr.: — ^to approve; to assent 
to; to allow. 

apulAi, V. %.; also aguaguate; fachd- 
chde; muzuu: — to struggle; to labor 
hard; to strive earnestly. 

apunta, v. tr.: — ^to mark down; to note 
down; to record; to aim. 

apura, v. tr.; also na-mag&:— to ex- 
pedite; to hurry; to accelerate; to dis- 
patch. 

apurao, adj.^ adv.: — urgent; pressing. 

aqueyd, n.; also fllaj:— braid of hair; 
tress; plait; queue; pigtail. 

aquijom, v. tr.:— to grip with the fist; to 
make a fist. 

arac, n.: — spirits distilled from the sap 
of the coconut, as in Mexico; also called 
agua7ente in Guam. 

araflas, n.; also tiraxaflas: — spider; 
spider's web. 

&ras, n.; also sineguro; promesa: — 
security; earnest money; pledge. 

arasa, v. tr.; also despetdusia: — to ruin; 
to lay waste; to desolate; to devastate; 
to destroy. 

arebatao, adj., adv.; also U yddaje: — 
reckless; heedless of consequences; 
careless. 

arebatao, adj., adv.; also fejmaji; fLjom; 
impetuoso; J&bubo; j&pinal^:— 
impetuous; irritable; effervescent; vio- 
lent; vehement; boisterous; passionate; 
given to anger. 

axecla, v. tr.; also dijere: — ^to digest; to 
dissolve in the stomach by the action of 
digestive juices. 

aregla, v. tr., v. %.; also dispone: — ^to 
arrange; to order; to prepare; to make 
ready; to dispose. 

aregla, v. tr.; also nft-fatftchong; nft- 
tojgixe; nft-tacho: — ^to set; to support 
(by pillars). 

axegla, v. tr.; also regula: — ^to regulate! 
to Dring under rule; to order; to organize. 

aregla, v. tr.; also introduse; presenta 
un t4otao gui otro; establ^se: — to 
introduce; to arftmge; to inaugurate; to 
establish; to start. 

axeglao, adj.; also gasgas: — orderly; 
regulated; trim; neat; compact. 

areglo, n.; also disposision; axe^la- 
mento:— :rule; disposition; direction; 
condition; measure. 

axend6t, n.; also proplet&rio: — ^land- 
lord ; one who has tenants holding under 
him; the keeper of a hotel or inn. 

areata, v. tr.: — to arrest; to seize. 



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arienda 



136 



atadog^ 



arienda, i;. tr.; also adquila:— to rent; to 
let by lease; to farm out. 

ariesga, v. tr.; also atrebe; rieago: — ^to 
venture; to risk; to hazard; to dare. 

arima, v. tr.. v. %.: — ^to draw nigh; to ap- 
proach; to oring one's self nearer. 

azimao, adj.; also chijit: — affectionate; 
well disposed toward some one. 

arina, n.; — ^flour. 

armdnio, n./ also 6tgano; atm6nio: — 
oigan; harmonium. 

aroma, n.: — ^local name for the sweet 
acacia; a shrub or small tree bearing 
fragrant flowers; yields a ^m which is 
sometimes used by the natives of Guam 
in the same way as gum arabic. 

aaada, n.; — hoe; mattock; pickax; 
hatchet. 

Aaadoty v. tr.; also asao; n&-to8ta: — to 
roast; to put upon a roasting spit; to 
lift up with a spit. 

ftsadot, n.; — ^roasting spit. 

asafr&n, n.; also niang:d: — safran; saf- 
fron. 

ftsagua, V. tr.f v. %.; also um&sagua: — 
to marry; to wed; to take to wife or 
husbanci. 

as&p:ua, n.: — ^wife; husband. 

ftsaina, n.; also dueflo; tata: — lord; 
master; owner; father. 

aa&ite, n.; also lafLa: — oil. 

asaiteroy n.: — oU cruet. 

asana, n.; also atte; fln&baba; mafia: — 
trick- cunning; craft; deceit; lie; 
swindle. 

asegura, v. tr.; also n&-magajet; n&- 
fitme; n&-meton; n&-cheton: — to 
attach; to fasten; to guarantee; to in- 
sure; to secure; to warrant; to stand 
security for. 

asegurio&y n.; also sineguro:— surety; 
guaranty against loss or damage; 
guarantee. 

as^iten oliba, n.: — olive oil. 

asensidn, n.: — ascension of Christ. 

asentado, adj.^ adv.; also desente: — 
pleasing; decorous; proper; suitable. 

aaentadon quinaatiga, n.; also sajpet 
m&uleg; apas pat castigo segun y 
fin&tinas: — ^retribution; reward or pun- 
ishment suitable to the action. 

aaeradura, n.:— padlock. 

aaerfn, n.; — sawdust. 

aaero, n.: — steel. 

aaf como, conj.: — as well as; so as; as 
also. 

asie, V. tr.; also asii: — to condone; to 
pardon. . 

aaiento, n., also peso; tup6: — ^well. 

asiento, n.: — sediment; yeast. 

aaii, V. tr.; also despensa; sotta; n&- 
para; aafi: — to waive; to give up a 
claim; to forego. 

aati, V. tr.; also ma&sd: — to forgive^ to 
pardon; inasli, n.; petdon:— forgive- 
ness; pardon. 

asiiyon, adj.^ adv.: — pardonable; excus- 
able. 



aaiga, n.;— salt. 

aflf que, conj.; also enseguidas que: — 
as soon as; so soon as. 

asiste, v. tr.; also socore; ayuda: — to 
assist; to help; to succor; to be of 
service. 

asiatente, n.; also repreaentatibo: — 
delegate; representative. 

asga, n.;---suiphur. 

asgae, V. tr.: — to sulphurate; to smoke 
with brimstone; to bleach with suU 
phur; to impregnate with sulphur. 

aflgon, n.; aho tesna; potboa: — ^fog; 
soot; dust; haze. 

&8giLe, V. tr.; also fumiga: — to fumi- 
gate; to smoke. 

aane, v. tr.: — to pickle; to salt. 

asnentucon, n.: — salted fish. 

&86, adj.: — ^inclined; obliaue. 

ftsO, V. %.: — ^to incline; to bow. 

ftao, n.: — smoke, mist; fog; vapor. 

&80, V. i.: — to smoke. 

asd, V. X.; also malS^ag: — ^to bend; to 
bend down the body. 

ftaoda, V. tr.; also daiiehe: — ^to meet; to 
find; to hit upon; to fall in with. 

asogue, n.; — quicksilver. 

aaoraiye, v. tr.: — ^to cover with quick- 
silver. 

aaolaa, adj.j adv.; also m&iaa: gUigtti- 
yajft: — alone; single; by itself. 

aaon, n.;— bed. 

aaon, v. %.: — ^to lay stretched out in bed; 
to go to bed; to lay down in bed. 

aaqueroBO, adj., adv.; also na-maaa: — 
nauseous; loathsome. 

aata^&ian; also written jaataiSg^^ian: — 
imtilwhen? 

asta que, conj.; also written jaata que: — 
until. 

aaucarera, n.: — sugar box; sugar con- 
tainer. 

asucat, n.;— sugar. 

asuela, n.: — ^hoe; curved hoe. 

&suguag, n.; also troson Jayo: — timbers 
running under the rafters of a house, 
crosswise. 

asiinsidn, n.: — ascension of Mary the 
Virgin. 

aaunai6n, n.: — local name for the Cura- 
sao milkweed, a handsome plant with 
orange-scarlet flowers; of American 
origin and very common in Guam; its 
roots possess emetic properties and the 
juice of its leaves is used as a remedy for 
intestinal worms. 

aaunto, n.:— concern; a^ir; business. 

asusta, V. tr.; also ]ala£g:; JofEg^ajfig: — to 
frighten; to startle; to ternfy. 

aausta, v. i.: — to be frightened; to be 
startled. 

aaustao, adj.: — ^frightened; startled; ter- 
rified. 

aaiiaut, adj., adv.; also aatlatiut: — 
bluish: nft-aatlt: — ^to color or dye blue. 

astit, adj.f adv.: — ^blue; cerulean; azure. 

&tadog, n.: — eye. 



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atagft 



137 



atmao 



atag&, adj.; also dagua; tininon- 
somnap: — sun burned; red. 

atagtag, adj.y adv,; also ch&t-ilo: — 
stubborn; perverse; hard headed. 

atalag, v. tr.: — to look; to look hard at 
some one or something. 

ft^tamos. adj.; also ft^ducoj ndsio: — 
imbecile; feeble-minded; idiotic. 

ft^t&n, V. ir.f V. i.: — to look; to glance; to 
perceive; to see. 

&tan, V. tr.; also &dag; dacut: — ^to strike 
a quick, sharp blow; to knock. 

ftt&n, V. tr.; also Jaso; espia; oon- 
templa: — to observe; to contemplate; 
to look at; to view; to watch. 

&tSn fijo, V. X.; also dochon na in&- 
tftn: — ^to stare; to look sharply. 

atane, v. tr.: — to fasten witn nails; to 
hammer. 

atane gui qtdltius, v. tr.: — ^to nail to a 
cross. 

&'tan-jai interj.; also 6nagtti; dl; dift; 
df &ja:— look ! see there 1 

atan-adgUet, v. tr.: — to look surrepti- 
tiously. 

atan un banda, adj.; also quitan: — 
squinting. 

ataque, n.; also achaque: — attack; 
shock; fit. 

ataque, n.; also injtiria; fatta: — 
offense; injury; assault. 

atarantao, adj.^ adv.: — stupid; unsteady; 
disunited. 

ataaca, n.; also fanatascayan; fach6; 
fanfachian:— puddle; mud puddle; 
body of stagnant water. 

atatia, n.: — coffin. 

&tayd, n.; also lomo: — ^loins, hips; 
haunches. 

&tbanit, n.: — mason. 

atbettura, n.: — aperture; opening; hole; 
cavity. 

&tbidon, n.: — starch for ironing. 

atborotao, n.; also man boroquento 
(or buruquento): — ^rabble; noisy crowd 
or mob. 

atborota, v. tr.; also mol^Btia; n&-fan- 
y&uyau: — ^to bother; to molest; to vex; 
to annoy; to instigate; to incite; to 
stir up. 

atborotad6t, adj., adv.; also jfjoroba; 
t4i-majgo£g^: — ^troublesome; annoy- 
ing. 

atboroto, n.; also ehinatsaga: — ^trouble; 
distress; worry. 

atborotOy n.; pl&ito: — ^fuss; unneces- 
sary or irritating activity, especially 
in small matters. 

atca,n.; — Ark of the Covenant; Noah*s 
ark. 

atcagttete, n.: — matchmaker. 

atc&ngjeles, n.: — archangels. 

atcan Noa, n.; — ^Noah's ark. 

atcaparas, n.: — name of a shrub grow- 
ing near the sea, with large, wnite, 
fragrant flowers: the natives make very 
good pickles of the unilpe seed cap- 
sules. 



at oontr&xio; also pot el oontr&rio 

(Sp.): — contrary (to the ). 

atcoB, n.: — bow. 

atcosy n.; — arch of a building; arch of 

the bow. 
atcoB guinana, n.; — arch of victory, 
atohibo, n.: — archive. 
6tdau, n.: — sim. 
ate, V. tr.: — ^to pour into a cup; to pour 

slowly. 
ategtog, n.; also lasarino: — leprosy; 

leper. 
atensi6n, n.; also inatiende; inati* 

tuye: — attention, 
atfabeto, n.;— alphabet. 
6tfllet, n.: — ^pin. 

atfoxnbra,n.:— rug; floor covering; carpet, 
atgayas, n.;— -gills, 
atgayas, n.: — also guaeatf^; toznates 

Ag6,g6,: — tonsils, 
ateodon de xnanila: — ^local name for 

me kapok tree; the silky floss is used 

for stuffing cushions and pillows. 
atgoya, n.: — ^the ring in the nose of the 

carabaos. 
atguasit, n.; also t&tagd: — ^foreman, 
atguedoiij n.: — cotton; cotton wadding. 

atgiin, adj.: — any; any soever. 

atguna cosa (Sp.); auo znas sea jafa: — 

something; whatsoever, 
atgiin manera; also atgiin mode: — 

somehow; by some means; in one way 

or another, 
atiende, v. tr.; also acompafLa: — to 

attend; to accompany, 
atilig, V. tr.: — to pull the ear. 
atiloflg:, adj.y adv': — black, 
atis, 71.; — local name for the sugar apple: 

the favorite of the natives of Guam, ana 

is found planted by nearly every house; 

the fruit becomes very soft when ripe, 

often bursting open on the tree, when it 

is greedily eaten by the ants, 
atisa, V. tr.: — to push along; to drive; to 

impel; to make the lamp bum brijghter. 
atito, adj.: — fault-finding; hair-splitting; 

carping, 
atituye, v. tr.; also f&isexi; adbiette: — 

advertise, 
atituyiyun, adj., adv.: — ^remarkable; ex- 
traordinary; imcommon. 
atlebes. adj. p. p.: — turned around; 

tumea upside-down; overturned, 
atmadot, n.; also ^den aeaga; pa- 

fiueldn: — scarf; a light handkerchief or 

tie for the neck; shawl; wrap; shoulder 

wrap, 
atmadura, n.; also trastes guera: — 

military equipment; armament, 
atmajayan, n.; — local name for the rhea 

shrub, bearing minute green flowers; 

its bark is used as a remedy in certain 

diseases, 
atmai^ao, n.: — name of a small craw- 

fisT^ 

atmao, adj.: — prepared; ready for a 
journey. 



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Atmariao 



138 



ayuyu 



atmariao, adj., adv.: — giddy; frivolous; 
fickle. 

atmariao, n.: — lunatic; one ^dio is 
insane. 

atoxariao, adj,; aZ«o oaduco: — demented; 
insane. 

atm&rio, n.: — cupboard. 

atmaa, n.; aUo canae: — arms. 

atmaadn, n.; also esquel6to: — skeleton. 

atmayaa, n.; — gruel; oatmeal. 

atmoneda, n.; — auction. 

atnibat, n.; also mi6t: — Phoney; sirup. 

atmdnico, n.; also acotdi6n: — accor- 
dion. 

atmonio, n.: — ^harmonium; oigan. 

atnibat, n.; dUo marnes na chugii: — 
sirup. 

atd, V. tr.:—Ui take. 

atofy n.: — roof. 

atof-}f^ae, n.; — roof made of cocoa palm 
leaves. 

atof-flin, n.: — iron roof. 

atof-teja, n.: — tile roof. 

atoff, V. %.; also reftigia: — to hide; to take 
refuge. 

atog; n.; — refuge; protection from danger 
or distress. 

atotgante, adj.j adv.; also tU-nia&fiaa; 
t&i-&£iau; descarao; s&g^uat; ma- 
tatfiga: — bold; courageous; audacious; 
forward. 

atotgaye, v. L; also jaauye; atotgaye 
cometsio: — to speculate. 

atottan Ttiua, n.; also naturalesa: — 
nature; the universe; the natural order 
of things. 

atottaye, v. It.; also choma: — to forbid; 
to prohibit. 

atpa, n.; — ^harp. 

atpajon, v. tr.; also aconaeja; adibina: — 
to guess; to divine; to find by con- 
jecture; to prophesy; to tell one's 
fortune. 

at pot mayot, adj.: — wholesale. 

atquitr&n, n.: — tar. 

atrasao, adj.y adv.; also madlfTj^o; 
tatde: — tardy; late; dilatory; reluctant. 

atrebido, adj.y adv.; also t&i reapeto; 
descarao: — ^impudent; offensively for- 
ward; intentionally disrespectful. 

atrebimiento, n.; also ammo: — cour- 
age; mettle. 

atrfty n.; also ptitpito: — ^pulpit. 

atropeya, v, %.; also entalue; umfo- 
tafo; mete: — to interfere; to oppose; 
to meddle. 

atsobispo, n.: — archbishop. 

attat, n.; — altar. 

attat y paopao sija, n.: — altar of incense. 

atte, n.; also dinague: fiziababa: — ^fake; 
cheat; dod^e; swmdler; trickster. 

atticulon jixie£g:gue, n.; — article of 
faith. 

attilleria, n.; also cafLones: — ordnance; 
artillery. 

attura, n.; aUo linecft: — altitude ; height. 



atule, n.; also atmayaa:— broth; mush; 

com boiled in the milk of the coconut. 
atujfi^d, n.; — acquaintance, 
atupat, n.; — also tupat; tupag:— sling, 
aumenta, v, tr.; also ma subi; luma- 

megai; xnuttLplica; dobbla: — ^to in- 
crease; to enlarge: to enhance; to 

augment; to multiply, 
aumenta, v. tr.; also catgaye; nft- 

l&macatj case: nft-bubo: — ^to aggra- 
vate; to mtensiry. 
aumento. n.; also suma: — addition. 
autom6bit, n.; also calesan sin g6,g6,; 

m6bit: — automobile . 
autozidad, n.; also fuetsa; sfsifla; 

minetgot: — might; power; force; au- 
thority, 
autorisa, v. tr.: — to authorize; to furnish 

with an errand, 
aya, adj.; also &ch&igua; parejo: — 

similar; resembling; equal. 
ayao, V. tr.; also na-ayao: — ^to borrow; 

to obtain on loan. 
ayao, v. tr.; also presta: — to lend; to 

grant to another for temporary use. 
aye, v. Ir.y v. %.; also na-asd: — to cause 

to lean; to lean; to incline. 
ayeg, V. tr.: — to classify; to systematize; 

to choose; to select; to make choice of; 

to pick out. 
ayee, v. tr.; abo f&n&an; sangan; 

elije^ nombra: — to elect; to name; to 

appoint. 
ayo, adj., pron.: — that; that one; those 

wnich; the one spoken to. 
ayo, prep.; also san jild; jildfia; jijot: — 

on; upon; at; near, 
ayo guato, adv.; also g^Uije: — there 

(away from the person addressed) 

thither; that wav (gfu^nau guato). 
ayo nai: — there; tlien; therefore; for that 

reason. 
ayo na patte gui c&nai desde y temo 

asta y mofLeca: — ^forearm; literally: 

the .arm between the wrist and the 

elbow. 
ayo na ti6mpo:^ra; period of time, 
ayo y sifla anog: — ostensible; apparent; 

plausible, 
ayuda, v. tr.; also confitma; na gie 

minetgot: — to strengthen; to confirm. 
ayuda, v. tr.; also mantiene; nft-apd: — 

to support; to hold or offer the hand; to 

hold back, 
ayuda, v. tr.; also faborese:— to aid; to 

protect; to patronize; to fayor. 
ayuda, v. tr.: — to come to the aid of; to 

contribute; to furnish as a share; to be 

of service; to assist, 
ayunat, n.; also cuaresma: — lent; time 

of fasting; fast. 
ayunat, v. %.: — to fast; to go without food. 
ayuno, n.;^Kiay of fasting. 
ayu y cumacatga y Isao y pumalo: — 

scapegoat; literally: one who bears the 

blame for another. 
ayuyu, n.;— cocoa crab. 



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l&au 



139 



bafio 



B. 



'bftan, arf?*.;— delayed; come too late; risen 

out of bed too late. 
"bftbli, V. «r.:— to open; to spread out; to 

expand. 
Mba, adj,^ adv.; also abietto: — open; 

ajar; unJb^ned. 
l>aba, adj., adv.; also BXa£f;fi,; latf^; 

totpe:— stupid; foolish; silly; dull; 

simple. 
baba, adj., adv.; also tailaye; picaro:— 

naughty; bad; perverse; miscnievous. 
b&bft, V. tr.;— to develop; to unfold; to put 

in use. 
Mbaba, adi.; also tonto:— silly; stupid; 

thickheaded, 
b&baba, n.; also caduoo; taitinitig^d: — 

simpleton; ninny. 
b&bale, n.;— moth (flying around a light), 
b&bale, n.; — eyelash. 
b&bui, n.; also cochino:— swine; pig; pig- 
skin; hog. 
b&buin Jalum-tazid, n.; — ^pig; wild boar, 
baca; n.: — cow. 
bacalaoy n.; — codfish, yellow wren; 

Spanidi fly. 
bacante, n.; — ^vacancy; state of being 

vacant or empty. 
bacaai6n, n.; — ^vacation. 
bachet, adj.j ado.: — ^blind. 
b&chigo, ddj.y adv.: — mogul-eyed; having 

the eyes with too close eyelids. 
b4eiilo, n.; — crutch, 
b&oulo, n.; also bftston: — staff; stick. 
bfikdo, n.: — ^hump; humpback, 
bade, adj., <uit;.:--4iumpbacked. 
bftgai, n.; also ti^is:— apron, 
bagamundo, n.; also baeo; gft;-lunxa- 

yau; gekg6: — lazy body ;Toafer; idler. 
bagamundo, v. %.; am ga-Jumaxiao; 

bumagamundo: — ^to roam; to ramble; 

to wander about aimlessly. 
bagasoy n.; — coconut, after the milk has 

been extracted, 
baeo, n.; also Uto^g:: — ^tramp. 
b&ua, V. tr.f v. %.: — to dance, 
b&ile, n.."^-dance. 

b&ina, n.; — sheath; scabbard; cover. 
baja, V. tr.; also dilog; teoon: — ^to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down; 

to tilt. 
bajia, n.; also bocana; tasi; flnagu6g- 

Bal6:--bay. 
balo, n.; — bass (voice). 
bala, n.: — trifle ball, 
balaco, n.: — ^boar. 

balaja, v. tr.: — to mix; to mix the cards. 
balaja, n.: — splaying cards. 
balanda, n.; also ^eiia; cajida: 

veranda; covered adoition. 
balandra, n.: — sloop; one-masted vessel. 
balandiya8,n.; — ^ramng; balustrade made 

of pillars; edge of a billiard table. 
balansa, n.; also pesadot: — scale. 
balaute, v. %.; cuso balansea:— swing; 

rock; seesaw. 

4562—18 10 



balaa, n.; also baston:— riding whip; 

rod; switch, 
balaa gunxa. n.; — ^lath or lattice work 

in the roof of the native houses, to 

which are fastened the braided cocoa- 

pahn leaves, 
balasd, n.;-— marrow of the breadfruit, 
bale, V. tr.; also guasguas: — ^to scrub; 

to clean; to scour, 
bale, V. t.:— to cost; to be worth; to be 

important; to be valid (ex., what does 

it cost?— cuanto balinaP). 
bale (gui aetbisio), v. tr.; also 

merese:^^ deserve; to earn by serv- 
ice; to be justly entitled to; to merit, 
balente, adj., adv.; also faxnoso; ma- 

tattf^:— b rave; mighty; powerful; 

strong, 
baiido, n.: — ^valid; having le^l force, 
balisa, n.; also maleta:— suit case; va- 
lise; buoy, 
baliyon, n.: — ^place that can be swept. 
baH^on, adj.; also bale: — ^worth the 

pnce. 
baLutan, v. tr.; also afayut; falulon: — 

to infold; to wrap up; to swathe; to 

swaddle, 
balutan, n.; also paquete: — ^parcel; a 

small bundle, 
balenten paohot, n.; also fantasioso; 

banidoso:— braggart; boaster; swag- 
gerer. 
bafiadero, n.: — ^pond; a pool of standing 

water. 
banco, n.; — ^bank. 
bancon ade^g*. n.; also fanapuan; 

apo: — ^footstool, 
bazida, n.; also oanto; oiiya: — rim: 

border; maigin. 
banda, n.; also lao; oriya:— side, 
banda, n.;also oapiya: — ^band; orchestra 

of musicians. 
b&ndara, n.; also raxnienta para numa- 

gasgaa males:— tool used in cleaning 

com. 
bandeja, n.; also plato; eplato: — salver; 

plate. 
bandera, n.; also estandatte:— flag; 

banner. 
bando, n.: — edict; public proclamation. 
bandolero, n.; also tulisan: — bandit; 

outlaw; one who is deprived of legal 

benefits and protection. 
bandonfiaijon, v. tr.: — to announce; to 

publish; to proclaim, 
banida, n.; — flaunt; a boast; brag. 
banidad, n.: — vanity, 
banidoso, adj., adv.; also mama-mama- 

gas: — ^haughty; proud and disdainful, 
banjala (or pa£g/ela), n.: — ^rope under 

the necK of the carabao in harness, 
banc, adv.; also en banc: — fruitlessly; in 

vain; to no purpose; without result, 
bafio, n.: — bath; bathroom; bathtub. 



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bap6t 



140 



b&ubau 



bap6t, n.: — eteam; steamer miflt; fume; 

exhalation, 
baoqueroy n.; — ^banker; money changer; 

exchanger. 
bap6t g^uera, n.; — ahip of war. 
bap6t nto, n.: — ^launch ; pleasure boat, 
baqueta, n.; also baquetan paque: — 

ramrod; g[unstick. 
bara, n.:---half brasa; half of a fathom; 

measure from middle of the chest to the 

finger tips, 
baraiigai, n.; — district of a village, 
baraquilan, n.;— lattice work in the roof 

of native houses, 
barato, adj., adv.; aUo t&igaato; ti 

xnigasto^ ti-gu4jgaan; rasonable: — 

inexpensive; cheap; reasonable; fair; 

low-priced; purchasable at a low price, 
barena, n.."— «mall drill; borer. 
barena, v. fr.;— to drill; to bore. 
bareta, n.: — bar; long piece of wood or 

metal; aUo barote: — crowbar. 
barii^le, adj.; also ti fijo jinaaonfia: — 

inconstant; unstable; diangeable; vari- 
able. 
bazicada, v. tr.:— to protect by a bank; to 

embank. 
bari^ada, n.; — ^flank ; the fleshy part of an 

animal between the ribs and tne hip. 
bariles, n.; — cask; barrel, 
barilito, n.;— kec. 
b&rio, n.; also barrio: — county; district; 

suburb; borough. 
bar6metro, n.;— barometer, 
barote, n.; also alunan-jayo: — ancient 

headrest or pillow made of a short piece 

of wood. 
baaa, n.; also fondo; yap&papft: — base; 
. foundation, 
basic, n.; also dinaHAi: — siding; turnout 

on the road, 
basio, adj., adv.; also g^Ueoo; t&iainaj- 

guan: — empty; vacant within; hollow; 

void, 
basnag, v. i.: — ^to fall; to descend; to 

declme. 
base, n.; — tumbler; glass; vessel; re- 
ceptacle, 
basta, V. tr.; also para; re8ig:na:— to 

resign: to surrender formally; to with- 
draw from. 
baata, adv.; also yesta naJo£^: — 

enough; sufficiently. 
baata buxnurucal also maznpos na 

burucal — enough of that noise! 
b&ston, n.; also b&oulo: — cane; staff; 

stick. 
bastOB, n.; also bronco; £ri6n: — snob; 

a vulgar person who apes gentility. 
basto8,(Z(i;., adv.; aZso desatento; xual- 

amalia; presoznido; chaleg: mach- 

aleg:— coarse; rough; inattentivej ir- 
reverent; disrespectful; rude; unavil; 

churlish; morose; ill-natured; stubborn, 
basula, n.: — garbage; offal; refuse; trash; 

worthless or useless matter; rubbish; 

sweepings; what is thrown out; junk; 

old metal, rope, etc. 



basurero, n.; — scavenger; any animal 
that devours refuse (zuasea Jaia na 
gfteft ni ja oacano ^an yate). 

bataU6n, n.; aha written bataydn: — 
battalion (a body of infantry). 

batalSg«a, n.; atso oalS^ga: — ^name of 
a sledlike conveyance used to trans- 
port logs from the forest. 

batatas, n.; — ^potatoes. 

bataya, n.;— battle. 

batay6n, n.; also rejimiento: — battal- 
ion; regiment. 

batbas, i;. tr,: — to shave (ma batbas: — 
to be shaved; pi babatbas 76: — ^I am 
shaving myself). 

batbas; also chuiCfral:— grav bearded. 

batbas srUiJan:— &QS of a fish. 

batbas tinegoh&: — ^point of an ear of 
com. 

batbas uja£^: — feelers of a crawfish. 

b&tbaro, adi., adv.; also animoso: — 
daring; rash; wild; bold; venturesome. 

b&tbaro, n.; also y bnito; bastes; 
t&ilaye jran mala mafia na t&otao: — 
barbarian. 

batbero, n.; — ^barber. 

batca, n.; batoo; also sajjran: — ebrp; 
vessel. 

batco, n.; also modoiSg:: — ^bark; bark; 
three-masted sailing vessel. 

batc6n, n.; — ^balcony; porch. 

b&tcon &ire, n.; — airship; steerable 
balloon. 

b&tcon 6ire, n.: — aeroplane. 

b&tcon oafLon, n.; also oafLoneiro: — 
gunboat. 

b&tcon gruera, n.; — warship; man-of- 
war. 

batdao, adj., adv.: — gouty; having the 
gout. 

batde, n.: — ^bucket. 

batde, adv.; also debatde:— gratis; in 
vain; gratuitously; for nothing. 

bate, V. tr.; also mamft manesca: — to 
brew; to make liquors. 

bate, V. tr.: — to knead; to crumple up; 
also yacft; yalaeft; chaldj^ruft:— to 
move; to stir up; to set in motion. 

batea, n.: — ^wash tray; made of wood, of 
small size and almost flat. 

bateria, n.: — battery. 

b&tidot, n.; — container for serving choco- 
late. 

batnfs, n.: — varnish. 

batnis, v. tr.: — to varnish. 

batsa, n.; — float; raft. 

b&tsala, V. %.; also ctinanaf; remot- 
que: — to creep; to move slowly along 
the ground; to crawl; to tug; to puU 
with great effort. 

b&tsamo, n.; also quinensuela; mina- 
go^; dinichosoi^mbalming fluid; 
balm. 

batunes, v. tr.; also Hudo: — to button; 
to knot. 

b&ubau:— hollow; empty (fruit without 
sap). 



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bida 



ba-(U, n.; aUo trodgoo:— trunk; stem. 

bautismo, n.; also tinagpa^Sgrue:— bap- 
tism; christening. 

bftyag, n.; also badyag:— trumpet fish 
(the Spanish trompetero). 

baye, n.; also cafiaoa: — ^valley. 

bayena, n.; also saltUSgai: — ^whale. 

bayenero, n.; — ^whaler. 

bayogon tomo, n.;— knee joint. 

bayogon adeng:, n.:— knuckle; joint; 
ankle. 

beato, adj.f adv.; also saatos: — saint; 
holv; sainted; blessed. 

b6e; bendas, n.; — ^brace; bandage. 

b6e, V. tr.: — to bandage; to tie up. 

bejiga, n.;aZ«onftyaa-xndxnd:— oladder. 

bejucoy n.; — ^name of a species of climb- 
ing palms; also bejuco jalum-tano; an 
attempt was made to make use of it as 
chair rattan, without success. 

bela. n.;^^ails; belan China: — Chinese 
sails; belan crus:-— cross sails; belan 
Latin: — Latin sail. 

bela, V. X.: — to wake; to watch. 

bdlembau-paohoty n.; also bibig: — 
mouth harmonica. 

b^lembau-tuyan, n.: — ^musical instru- 
ment resembling the guitar. 

b^lembaa, v. tr.yV. %.; also chucan: — to 
swing; to rock; to undulate. 

bel6rio. n.:— wake; deathwatch (at the 
deathbed of a child). 

beneffsio, n.; — deed of charity. 

bendas, n.; — eye bandage. 

bendas, v, tr.: — to put on a bandage. 

bende, v. tr.: — ^to sell; to dispose of for 
pay; to vend. 

bende gui chalan, v. %.: — to peddle; to 
travel about selling wares. 

bendise, v. tr.; also tuna:— to bless; to 
praise; to commend; to extol. 

bendiaidn, n.; also tizdna: — ^blessing. 

benditOy adj.: — upraised; blessed. 

bendiyon, adj., adv.: — salable; vendible; 
venal. 

beiiSrganaa, n.; also be£gga; emo^; 
inemog: — ^vengeance; revenge; retri- 
bution. 

be^belSg:, n.;-— quail. 

belSgbeffi, v. tr.^ v. %.: — to whistle as a 
mark of disapproval; to hiss; to buzz; 
to crack the whip. 

bense, v. tr.: — to convince; to win over 
by persuasion or evidence; to persuade. 

benta, n.;— sale. 

bentaja, n.:— gain; profit; advantage. 

bentana, n.; also fa^S^6Jan; fan6- 
l&an: — window. 

bente, adj.: — twenty. 

bentero, n.; also maiS^ent&ttaye:— 
agent. 

benteron-magago, n.: — clothier; one 
who makes or sells clothing. 

bentosa, v. tr.: — to apply a warm poul- 
tice. 

bentoso, adj.; also pumoffpog; umes- 
poti^ja: — inflating; sweUing. 



beol^n, n.; — ^bass viol; double bass, 
betb&t, adj.y adv.: — oral; verbal, 
berano, n.; also tiempon m&ipe; 

fallonmagan: — summer; a season of 

the year, 
beregueta, n.; — slit in a garment. 
bere]S|:jena8y n.;— eggplant. 
bes: — ^times (ez.y tres beses: — thr^ 

times; ^ot aegunda bes:— for the 

second time; en bes de: — instead of). 
besbesy v. %.; also deadea: — to hiss 

(frying fat). 
besera, n.; also escudo; pataJig; p&pa- 

talig:— diield. 
beaino, n.; — ^nei^hbor. 
besinoy (ui;.;— neighboring; situated near 

by. 
beste, v. tr.y reft.; also minagago: — to 

dress; to get dressed; to dress one's 

self. 
bestido, Yi.; also magago: — gown; a 

woman's outer garment; dress; cloth; 

material: clothing; piece of clothing; 

article of dress. 
betbena, n.; — name of a weed; the leaves 

are sometimes used as a local applica- 
tion to boils, sores, and the stings of 

insects and reptiles, 
betde, v. %.: — to be verdant; to grow 

green; to thrive. 
betde, adj.: — green (of color). 
betdugo. n..*---han^;man; executioner, 
betgantm, n.:— bng; two-masted square- 
rigged vessel. 
betgUelaa, n.; — smallpox; pox. 
betmejo, adj.: — ^blond; red naired. 
betmiyon, n.; — ant fly. 
bietnesanto, n.; also bietnds santo: — 

Good Friday, 
betso, n.: — averse, 
biale, n.: — ^voyage. 
biaie, v. %.: — ^to travel; to joiuney. 
biaje: — ^times (ex., dos biaje: — ^twice; 

ni6gai na biaje: — often). 
biajero, adj.y adv.; also ^^lat-jocog; ti 

maog: — ^transitory; fleeting, 
biajero, n.; also paaajero: — ^traveler; 

passenger, 
biba I interj.: — ^hurrah I 
biba, v. tr.: — ^to burst forth with excla- 
mations of approval, 
bib eg, n.: — wnistle; signal whistle; 

mouth harmonica, 
bfbende, n.: — shopkeeper; grocer; trader, 
bibet, n.; also biberes:— food; victuals. 
bfblia, n./ also hist^ria sagrada (Sp.): — 

Bible, 
bfbotda, n.; — ^woman who embroiders; 

binetda; niabotda,n.; — embroidery; a 

piece of embroidery; botda, v. tr.: — ^to 

embroider; to stitch, 
bfctima, n.; also iridao: — victim; dupe, 
bictoiioso, n.; also y &ftfiau: — ^victor. 
bictorioso, adj.: — glorious; victorious, 
bida^ n.; also ImftUl: — life; animate 

existence. 



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bogbog Inlog 



bienbenida, adj.; also buenas; felis 
biaje: — welcomej received with glad- 
ness or with hospitality. 

bienabenturado, adj., aJv.;— holy; sa- 
cred; blessed. 

bietnes, n.; — ^Friday. 

Ijigiya, n.; also bitlya:— vigil. 

bifo, adj.; bija, adj.: — old; aged; ancient. 

bijo, adj.f adv.; also zuaja^S^d; r&n- 
aio: — rancid; fetid. 

bilo na t&otao:— an old man. 

biuoso, adj.: — ^bilious; choleric. 

billa; biya, n.; also solSgsol^:— bor- 
ough; a corporate town. 

bina. n.; also tinaniim ubas: — ^vineyard; 
hill planted with vines. 

binaba, n.; also atbettura; madog; 
£g:ul6: — ^hole; aperture; opening; 
cavity, 

binaba, n.; also frionera: dniulag: — 
stupidity; foolishness; stillness; want of 
understanding; folly; sound thrashing. 

binado, n.;— deer. 

binaele, n.: — ^vinegar. 

binaferasy n.: — small utensil used in 
celebration of mass. 

binalente, n.; also inabiba; mina- 
tatiS^: — encouragement. 

binanidoso, n.; — assumption. 

binbin, n.; also befig^beti^:— hum; the 
noise of bees and other insects in 
flight. 

bindan, adj.: — foaming; driveling. 

binelS^ga, v. tr.; also desquita: — to 
retafiate; to return by giving like for 
like. 

bine^be£^, n.; — ^whiz of a bullet. 

bineno, aaj.; also juna; t&tatse: — 
poisonous. 

bineno, n.; also Juna: — ^poison. 

binenuye, v. tr.; also tatse: — ^to poison. 

binetdan maguadog, v. tr.: — ^to engrave; 
to cut or grave in simken patterns; to 
carve. 

binibo, n.; also minaJalaiSg; pesadunx- 
bre: — ^apprehension; anger; vexation. 

binibo, n.; also binlbubo: — ^wrath; choler; 
an^er; ire; indignant passion; bubo, 
V. %.: — to be angry; to become angry. 

binalald; eso&ndalo, n.: — anger; bit- 
terness. 

binijo, n.; also inantfguo; t&otao 
mdna; in-abmam: — antiquity; great 
age. 

binila, adj.^ adv.; also bula; entera- 
mente; entero: — ^full; complete. 

binUa, v. tr.^ v. %.; aUo b&obao; n&- 
esponja: — to inflate; to swell; to cause 
swelling. 

binilacho, n.; also minafigsom: — ^fer- 
mentation. 

bino, n.; — ^wine. 

biplano, n.: — biplane; aeroplane having 
two planes, contrasted with mono- 
piano, the aeroplane having one plane 
only. 

bfporas, n.; also slsuma:— adder; viper; 
asp. 



bira, v. fr.:— to turn; to turn about; to 

tiu'n around. 
bira, adj.:— -wry; distorted; twisted. 
birada, n.; — ^tum; revolution; change 

of direction. 
bira 7 hojas: — to turn over a new leaf, 
birayon, p. oJj.:— easily turned. 
bixln, n.:— glass ball; glass. 
bisagra, n.; also ooyuntura:— Mnge; 

joint, 
bifloocho, n.; also gayetaa: — ^biscuit. 
bisicleta, n.; — bicycle, 
bialta^ v. tr.; also 6gkgk; fat6igtte:— 

to visit; to inspect; to overlook; to con- 
trol; to search; to view, 
bidno, n.; — ^vicinity; neighborhood. 
biflio, n.: — ^habit: custom; also oostum- 

bre; peniS|^ ti-abmam na moda: — 

fad; a pet idea; a passing fashion. 
bfaio, n.; — ^vice: fault; defect; blemish, 
bialoso, adj., adv.: — ^vicious; criminal, 
bialta, n.: — call; a visit. 
blB-nieto, n.; — great-grandchild, 
bfspera, n.; — ^vespers. 
bl^eran eupot; also afunan gupot: — 

evening before a festivity. 
bitgen, n.; also tatnai-mayuma: — 

vimn; maiden, 
bittdd, n.; — ^virtue; stren^. 
bittuoso, adj.y adv.; also tftibialo:— 

virtuous. 
biuda, n.; blade: — ^widow; widower, 
biy&t, n.;— billiards, 
biyete, n..— ticket, 
blaguero, n.: — ^truss. 
bianco, adj.; also jgrtteoo; gasgas:— 

blank; free from wnting; empty, 
bianco, n.; also famaquijraxi:— trifle 

range; target, 
blan^uea, v. tr.; also n&-ft^pao&: — to 

whitewash. 
blangquisco, adj.; also inapac&aa:— 

whitish, 
blasf^mia, n.; also disparatexia: — 

blasphemy, 
blusa, n.; also calo na magago: — ^blouse, 
bdan. 71.; also espuma:— ^cum; foam; 

frotn; bud, n.: — ^foam; water blister. 
boca dulse, n.; — ^local name for a fish 

having sharklike mouth and large eyes: 

steel-blue on back; whitish on rest of 

body; is edible, and in Spanish is called 

barbudo. 
bocft, n.; also offsd:— hill; moimtain; 

mountain top; elevation; bluff; moun- 
tain or rock rising steeply. 
bocao, n.; — ^bit; morsel; mouthful, 
bocha, V. i.: — to rot (ex.y fruit). 
bocha, adj.: — swelled. 
boda, n.: — ^nuptials; a marriage; marriage 

ceremony, 
bodega, n.; also famdlujran:— vault; 

strch; cellar; storeroom. 
bogbog, V. %.: — ^to tear; to burst; to break 

loose; to run away, 
bogbog, V. tr.: — ^to tear out: to pull out. 
bogbog lulog, n.; — ^nail puller. 



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b6gsion 



143 



bnente 



b6e0ion, adj^'—pidetly; deathlike; pale; 

auo calan-matai; descolor&o; chu- 

pon; jipato: — colorless (complexion); 

pallid; sallow; wan. 

boiau, v. tT.:—to strike (with a fem, at 

flies). 
bolbo, V, tr.; <ilso bojbuye: — ^to spit out. 
bola, n.;— bullet, 
bola, n,: — ^ball game. 

bolachero, n.:— drunkard: tippler; bfiff- 
lacho, aaj,, adv.:— drunK; intoxicated. 

bolante, n.; also oapiva:— hood ; woman's 
hood; cowl (hooalike covering); cape. 

bologbog, V. i.; — ^to bubble; to boil up; to 
sputter {ex.f a spring, bubbling out of 
the ground). 

bolunt&d. n.:— good will. 

bolunt&rio, adj,; aUo mut6; — ^voluntary; 
spontaneous. 

bolunt&rio, n.:— volunteer. 

bomba, n.;^pump; bomb. 

boinban quemason, n.: — ^fire engine; 
fire apparatus; firchextinguiahing ap- 
paratus. 

bombatdea, v. tr.: — to bombard; to at- 
tack with bombs; yotte bombaa; 
also fleoha: — ^to throw bombs. 

bofieloB. n.; — ^pastry, in the shape of 
small balls. 

bonete, n.; also tuJo£g; g^ora: — ^bonnet. 

boi%-boiig: faeot; also b&jadot:— bam- 
boo rod used in carrying the juice of 
the cocoa palm (tuba). 

hofS^'ho^ jinalum: — ^palpitation of the 
heart. 

bonita, adj.. adv.; also dudus; pachu- 
ohafig; samai; gatbo; g^efp&go; 
giiaiy&yon: — neat; nice (speaking of 
girls); beautiful; handsome. 

bonito, adj., adv.; gatbo; faxnoso: — 
splendid; brilliant; Stmous; magnificent 

bonito na tonada, adj.: — tuneful; musi- 
cal; harmonious. 

boniton tinigul: — penmanship; the art 
or style of writing. 

b6og, V. tr.: — ^to tear out. 

borad6t, n.;— day book; rough draft. 

bor6n, n.:— ink blot. 

bos, n.; — ^voice. 

bosa, n.; also talen xnanbitsala: — 
towline of a schooner. 

bosboB, n.; also latd:— scab; scurf; 
itch. 

beta, V. tr.: — to vote. 

botai6n, n.; — ^boom; spar. 

betas, n.;— boots. 

botaai6n, n.;— election. 

botoin, n.: — volcano. 

botda, 71.; binetda; also botda: ma- 
botda:— embroidery; piece oi em- 
broidery. 

botda, V. tr,^ v. %.: — to embroider. 

botdao, n.; also encajes: — laces; em- 
broidery, 

botdo, V. %.: — to tack. 

bote, n.; also batoo; batoa: — ^boat. 

boteya, n.; also frasco: — bottle; flask. 



botfn, n.;— half shoe; low shoe, 
botlas, n.:— tassel; tuft; ornamental 

knot; tress. 
boto, V. tr.: — to vow; to make a solemn 

promise. 
botsa, n.; also pottamoneda; bot- 

■iyo: — ^pocket; pocketbook. 
botsa, V. tr.; also costate:— to pocket 

money, 
boya, n.; — ^buoy. 
boyuff, V. tr.: — to drink out of a bottle 

or ^ass. 
brabo, adj., adv.: — suitable; capable; 

stout; strong; proper; vigorous; robust; 

also Iftlft; lalftm:— healthy; living; 

alive; quick, 
brasaletes, n.; also putseras:— bracelet; 

arm ring, 
brasero, n.; — brazier; for burning char- 
coal or coal, 
brea, n.; also dai^^iiia: — ^resin; rosin; 

rubber, 
brea blanca, n.: — ^local name for the Java 

almond, a laige tree yielding an aro- 
matic resin uiown in commerce as 

Manila elemi. 
brigada, n.; — ^brigade, 
brlxx, n.; also lona: — canvas. 
broca, n.;— drill, upright run by power, 

for arilling metals. 
bronco, n.; also bastos; fri6n: — snob; a 

vulgar person who apes gentility. 
bronco, adj., adv.; also malamafLa; 

xnufLero: — ^harsh ; grumbling; stubborn ; 

obstinate. 
bronco, adj., adv.; also desatento; t&i- 

atension; impolltico; tfiirespeto: 

bruto: — ^impolite; wanting in good 

manners: boorish; coarse, 
bronco, adj., adv.; also oalaton: — rough; 

uneven; rugged. 
bronse, n.: — ^bronze. 
bronse, adj., adv.: — made of bronze or of 

brass, 
bruja, n.: — witch; sorceress, 
bruto, n.; also pfcaro: — scoundrel; man 

without honor or virtue; low worUiless 

fellow, 
bubo, adj., adv.; also lalald: — mad; en- 
raged; mentally disordered, 
bubo, v. i.; also oalojft: — ^to be angry; to 

become angry, 
bubon inatmaxiao, v. i.: — to rave; to 

rage as a madman, 
buohl, n.; — goiter; tumor on the neck, 
buebente, v. %.; also duda: — to question; 

to hesitate; to doubt, 
buenaplanta, adj.: — stately; magnifi- 
cent; portly; splendid (as to stature). 
buenmuohaciio, adj., adv.; also f6fa- 

cbdchd: — industrious; hard working, 
buemnuchacho, adj., adv.; also gu6f- 

machdchd: — ^laborious; diligent, 
buen saldd, adj.; also timalafYfeo; 

Iftlft: — ^hale; sound bodily; healthy, 
buente, adj., adv.: — perhaps; maybe; by 

chance; haply. 



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c&caleg^ 



buetbe, v. tr.; also zu&jf&au: — to revert; 

to turn back; to change, 
buetta, n.; — ^roundabout way; away 

back; return, 
buetta, V. %.; aUo lilicd; qailolog:~to 

revolve; to turn around (as on an axis); 

to roll in a circle. 



buf6n, n.; aUo titires:— buffoon; 
cara, n.; — mask; clown. 

buia, n.; also btla: — local name of a fish of 
the snapper variety ; has a black spot on 
the lateral line under the anterior soft 
dorsal ray. 

bula, p. p.; also jaspoe; tujus; yeno:— 
sated; satiated; replete; completely 
filled. 

bula, V. tr.: — to satiate; n&-«enbula, v. 
tr.:— to fill; to flood. 

bula, V. tr.; also pogpog:— to swell; to 
cause swelling. 

bula asgon, adj.^ adv.: — mistaken; misty; 
hazy; nebulous. 

bula c&cft, adj.; also calo; 161aulau: — 
shaky; feeble; full of cracks. 

bula-Jagft, adj., adv.; also mejgft:— 
bloody. 

bulachoy adj.: — drunk; in a stupor from 
drink or smoking opium; seasicjc. 

bula Janum: also jinanum: — ^watery. 

bula mafigadadft yan man nft luk na 
sinatfl^aTi, adj.; sentensioso: — sen- 
tentious; terse. 

bula somnap, adj.; also magof; Bu6f- 
1&6kn: — sunny; bright; warm; cheer- 
ful. 

bula y tasi pat y sadog: — flood; inun- 
dation; deluge. 

bulico, n.: — ^jackass. 

bum&baba, v. tr.:— to talk silly; to talk 
twaddle; also fruxneona; fruine6n: — 
to degenerate; to deteriorate. 



bumanidoso, v. %.; also tunan-xnlUsa: — 
to boast; to brag; to become vain. 

bumaraaoa, v. t.; also buxnastos 
duznescaimda: — to flaunt; to behav 
impudently. 

buxnasta, v. tr,; also nft-para; p61oxi- 
fiftijon:— to interrupt; to hold up; to 
delay. 

buznasta, v. %.; also fagpd: magtus: — 
to stop; to cease; to be aiacontinued; 
to come to an end. 

buxneaino:— to be a neighbor. 

butla, n.; — sarcasm; bitter, sarcastic 
expression; also quinase; desprMo; 
mofea; xnixiefea:— scorn; contempt; 
disdain; derision. 

butl6n rburlon), adj., adv.; also chat- 
gon; obatgruiyon: — ^ridiculous. 

butl6zi, n.;— jester; mocker. 

buro, n.:--burro. 

buruoa, n.; also soixido; mido:— sound; 
noise. 

buxroquexito, adj., adv.; also ftgaiEj^: — 
loud; noisy. 

busoapUUto, n.; also xxiatatalS^a 
na gayo: — gamecock. 

buso, V. %.: — ^to dive. 

buaeit), n.; — diver. 

busixia, n.: — ^trombone; the whistle of a 
steamer. 

butete, n.; — local name of the porcu- 
pine fish; sometimes regarded as 
poisonous, but is eaten after having 
teen prepared with certain pre- 
cautions. 

butlea, V. tr., v, %.; also oaai; ixiautta; 
lotgue; inofea; xnuyfii; salft^ qui- 
bfte: — to mock; to deride; to insult; 
to make fun of. 

butto. n.;— pacloage; statue. 

buyaaan t&otao, n.: — crowd of people; 
jam; throng. 



c. 



cabales, adj., adv.; also xxiagajet; 
uznaya: — accurate; exact. 

cabales, adj., adv,; also entero; ii4 
petfecto; enteramente: — complete; 
entire; full; ready; prepared; perfect. 

cabayero, n.; also seflot: — gentleman; 
a well bred and honorable man; horse- 
man. 

cabayerisa, n.;— stable; building for 
lodging horses; sagan gikgpL, n.:— 
stable lor lodging cattle, etc. 

cabayito, n.: — pony; a small horse. 

cabayO) n.: — ahorse. 

cabesa, n.; — head; foreman; top; oabesa 
de barangaf:^Kiistrict overseer; head 
of the district; cabesiyo; capatas: — 
overseer. 

c&beyon, n.; — mosquito net. 

cable, n.: — cable. 

cabo, n.: — noncommissioned officer. 

c&brea, adj.; also znfda^gis; c6dalS{^; 
da£g8on: — resinous. 



oftc&, V. %.; also izillpd:~to split; to spring 
apart. 

cftca, n.:— crack; fissure. 

oftc&, gui pader6n, n.;— gap; an opening; 
cleft. 

7 oicanta, n./ cant6t (Sp,.); — singer. 

cacag, v. tr.: — to hawk; to hem; to clear 
the throat audibly. 

o&cago£g, n.; — crown of the head; apex; 
vertex. 

c&cftguaa, n.; — claws. 

oacaguate, n.; also cacajuate: — local 
name for the peanut plant; is commonly 
cultivated in Guam, where it thrives, 
but notwithstanding the advice of the 
authorities is never planted on an ex- 
tensive scale; it would be a benefit to 
the soil if planted in rotation with maize 
and sweet potatoes. 

o6cald, n.; also c&cayo: — stem. 

o6caleg, adj., adv.; also f&ileg; zna&g- 
soin:— sour; acid; tart; bitter. 



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c&cao 



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calaton 



c&cao, n.; — cocoa. 

oaoh&, V. tr,: — ^to cut out the inside of an 
instrument, a coconut, with an instru- 
ment. 

Cftchatf^, adj.: — destitute of brilliancy or 
of luster; not showy; unpretending. 

cachet, v. tr.^ v. %.: — ^to put on; to wear (a 
garment). 

CBrda, adj.; cada uno: — every; each. 

cadabet, n.; also zn&tai: — corpse; dead 
body; dead. 

c6da<u, adj.^ adv.; also srust; jljot: — 
brief; short; concise; succinct; tersely 
expressed; nft-c&dadft, v. tr.: — to 
shorten. 

c&dad& na tiempo; also tdtmino: — 
span; brief portion or extent of time. 

caaa-m6s, acy., adv.: — monthly; happen- 
ing once a month. 

cada sacan, adj.: — annual, yearly. 

cada un rate, adv.; also p&eo yan ayu; 
palo tiempo: — ^now and then; once in 
a while; sometimes. 

cadena, n.; also lisayo: — necklace; 
rosary; chain. 

cadena de azn6t: — chain of love; local 
name for the Mexican creeper; culti- 
vated in the gardens of Guam, but not 
common. 

caderas, n.; also lomo; fLa£g^: — hip; 
haunch; loins. 

cadd, V. %.: — ^to boil; to cook with fat. 

cado, adj. J adv.: — apparent; seeming. 

cadd, n.; — gravy; the fatty juice from 
roasting flesh; soup; meat broth. 

cadd, V. tr.: — ^to pretend. 

cadO dineboto, n.; also oalan si 
ncbntos: — sanctimoniousness. 

cadd mamftrnftuleg, n.; jipocrita: — dis- 
sembler; hypocrite. 

caduco, n.; also b&baba; t&itinilSgd:— 
simpleton; ninny. 

caduoo, adj.; also atmariao: — demented; 
insane. 

caduco, n.; also loco: — lunacy; mental 
unsoundness. 

caduco, n.; also fri6n; t&isentido; 
t&itinil^d: — fool; a person devoid of 
reason or intelligence; idiot. 

cadudag, v. tr.: — to tickle. 

caf6, n.; — coffee; one of the commonest 
plants in Guam, nearly every family 
naving its cultivated coffee patch; 
enough coffee is not produced, how- 
ever, for exportation; indeed, tnere is 
scarcely enough for the use of the 
natives, all of whom are coffee drinkers; 
the product is of excellent quality, 
and in preparing it the beans are 
roasted, as with us, and ground on a 
stone me tate with a cylindrical mano 
(like a tapering rolling-pin of stone). 

cafd, n.: — pandanus tree; the fragrant- 
fruited screw pine; the fruit is not 
eaten by the natives of Guam, but is 
sought out by the faniji and by rats. 

cagno, adj.y adv.; also goloso: — greedy; 
ravenous; voracious. 



c&guan, v. I.; m^fE^gua:— to decrease; 

to become smaller in quantity, 
c&^guas, V. tr.; also etses; casas: — to 

scratch; to slash; to scar. 
c&icai, V. tr.: — to move sli^tly. 
cfiicai, V. tr.; also Jala: — to pull, 
caim&n, n.: — crocodile. 
caja, n.; also cajon; c&ujau:— box; 

chest, 
cajat, V. %.; also cajuld; jatsa: — to rise; 

to ascend; to begin to stir. 
cal&t, V. %.: — to hunt. 
cHjlit, V. tr.; also Jatsa juld:— to lift up; 

to heave up; to take up; to raise, 
c&jet, n.; — orange, 
cajida, n.; also galeria; balanda: — 

veranda; covered addition, 
cajna; c6cajna,n.; — sorcerer; sorceress. 
cajnaye, v. tr.; also nft-mamnan; 

n&-lS^ft£^ encanta: — to bewitch; 

to cast a spell over; to practice sorcery; 

to fascinate; to captivate. 
cajulO, v. tr.f v. %.: — to rise («c., the sun); 

to get up. 
cajuld, V, i.; also tacho; tojgue: — to 

stand; to get up. 
calabera, n.: — scull, 
calaboso, n.; also prisi6n: — ^jail; prison; 

coll. 
calagtos. adj., adv.; also d&dau; didog; 

p&pago:— iaharp; keen; cutting; severe; 

pointed. 
cfilaguag, n.; also eoho£gfLa: — side; 

part. 
calalaJS^, n.; — curlew. 
calaznasa, n.; also melon: — melon; 

pumpkin; squash. 
calamid&, n.; — calamity; disaster; mis- 
hap; misfortune, 
calamle, n.: — attack of cramps; cramps, 
calamya, adj., adv.; also macalamya; 

alisto: — ^bnsk; alert; quick, 
calan, v. i,: — to seem; to appear; to 

pretend, 
calan-gasa: — gauzy; thin and semitrans- 

parent, like gauze. 
calazi Joneuiyon:— ;fiuppoeedly. 
cala^, adv.: — as; like as; such as. 
cala^, v. tr.: — ^to hang, 
calaxnten, v. %.: — to move; nft-calam- 

ten, V. tr.: — to move; to remove. 
calalSj^atf^e, v. tr.: — to sprinkle; to 

scatter in small drops; also satpe: — ^to 

strew out (seed). 
calan m&tai, adj.; also bdesion: des- 

colorao: — ghastly; deathlike; pale, 
calan pumar^rejo, adj.; also aparente; 

umabhaigua: — seeming; apparent, 
cfilanqud, n.: — the little finger. 
calan timaeajet, adj., adv.; also ti 

Erobable; n maiSg^c^ayun: — improba- 
le; unlikely; not to be expected. 
caUU>, (wf;.;— -msorderly; irr^ular; con- 
fused. 
calascas, n.: — noise, such as the rattling 

of keys. 
calaton, adj., adv.; also bronco: — rough: 
uneven; rugged. 



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canonica 



calentura, v. t.;— to catch fever: to be- 
come feverish; to become ill witn fever. 

oalentura, n.; — ^fever. 

oalentura g^oinen y fiojmon na tand: — 
malaria; exhalations from marshy land, 
producing fevers. 

caiesa, n.; also oareta; quUia: — buggy; 
carriage. 

calis, n.:— chalice; cup. 

calo, adj.; aUo bula c&c4: l&laulau: — 
shaky; feeble; full of cracks. 

calo, adj.; also flojo: — ^loose; relaxed; 
flabby; soft; weak. 

c&lulot, n.; — ^finger; toe; o61ulot tald: — 
middle finger; oialulot axiiyo: — ring 
finger; o61ulot t&tanchd; aUo t&tan- 
chd: — index finger; fore finger. 

calumnia, n.;^<»lumniation. 

oalumnia, v, tr.; aho injuria: — ^to revile; 
to reproach; to abuse. 

calumniad6t, n.; al$o dideahonra; des- 
honrad6t: — ^reviler; slanderer; calum- 
niator. 

cama, n.: — ^bed. 

camachile, n.; also g^amaohile: — ^name 
of a tree having a bark containing 25 per 
cent of tannin; introduced into Guam 
^rom Mexico; pulp from the pods fol- 
lowing its flowers is eaten by the poorer 
classes; the pods serve as fodder for 
animals. 

c&malen, n.: — shop; workshop; boat 
shed. 

caznalendd, n.; also caxnalindO: — name 
of a tree with spreading branches and 
beautiful foliage, bearing pods contain- 
ing seeds and acid pulp, used in making 
cooling drinks (Tamarindus indica). 

caznan-careta, n.; — wagon box (part of a 
wagon body). 

c&mara, n.;--€abin; hut. 

camarero, n.: — cabin boy; chamberlain. 

camarote gui batco:— oerth; sleeping 
place on board ship. 

c&mbio, adv.: — ^instead; on the other 
hand. 

camten, adj.^ adv.: — bad; evil; wicked; 
mischievous. 

camten, v. i.: — ^to be mischievous. 

cameyo, n.:— camel. 

camino refil, n.; also oarera: — ^high- 
road. 

cfimuseta, n.; — shirt; flannel. 

caniote, n.; a/«o camute; batata: — 
sweet potato: grows very well in Guam; 
it is among tne crops wnich will thrive 
on the highlands or mesa in places 
where the soil is too much exhausted 
for other things; there are several 
varieties on the island: one was brought 
from Hawaii and is called camotes de 
g^uaju (oahu). 

campo, n.; caxnpaniento: — camp. 

campana, n.; — bell. 

campanayo, n.; — bell tower. 

campanero, n.; also sadestan; d&- 
dandan: — sexton; bell ringer. 



campaniya, n.; — ^little bell. 

oamtem, adj.; also dafioBo; n&^tai- 

laye : — mischievous, 
oamute, n. {see caniote): — ^potato; sweet 

potato, 
oamyo, n.; — coconut rasp, 
camyo, v. tr,: — to rasp the coconut; 

quinamyo, n.; — rasped coconut. 
eanft, adv., conj.; also acaao; Joli&gui- 

yon; Jxii£g:fi:uan; silLaJft: — perhaps; 

maybe; by oiance; haply, 
canft, V. tr,; also lLac&: — to hang up; to 

suspend, 
ca&a. n.; also paja:— stalk; grasslike 

stalk; straw. 
canft, V. tr,; also nA-paranfiaiJon:~to 

suspend; to delay. 
oaAada, n.; also baye: — ^valley; canyon; 

deep valley; ravine. 
oafLa duke, n.; also tupo: — sugar cane, 
o&nae, n.; also atmas; armaa; c&nai:— 

arms; hand, 
c&n&jft, adv.: — nearly (ex,, it seems as 

if almost ). 

canft man&nana: — almost daylight; 

dawn. 
canft nx&tai flalafig, v. i.; also jocog- 

fialalC^: — to starve; to suffer extreme 

hunger. 
c&f&amo, n.; — hemp, 
canario, n.: — canary, 
canastro, n.; also canastra: — ^basket, 
canat, n.; — drain; drainage; canal; chan- 
nel; f&canat6y v. tr.: — to dig a channel 

or gutter. 
can& ti najo^; also dididd: — scant; 

scarcely sumcient. 
can6, V. tr.; also chocho: — to eat. 
candalo, n.; — lock; door lock, 
candalo, v. tr., v. %.: — to lock with a 

key; also juchum, v. tr.: — to close; 

to stop up. 
candela, n.; — candle; also dajS^es: — 

candlenolder. 
candelero, n.: — candleholder. 
candi, n.: — candy, 
candit, n.; also lampaxa: — lamp, 
candit lafLa, n.:^little oil lamp, 
canela, n.:^innamon. 
oa^^, n.; also bata^^: — sledlike 

conveyance used to transport logs from 

the forest. 
ca^gfrena, n.; — ^blood poisoning; gan- 
grene. 
c&lS^jelon. n.; — horn of an animal. 
Cannes, adj., adv.: — narrow; thin, 
canilla, n.; caniya: — shin; forepart of the 

leg between the ankle and the knee. 
can6a, n.; also gal&id6: — trough for mix- 
ing mortar; also trough for mixing 

dough. 
cafL6n, n.;— cannon, 
cafionero, n.: — gunboat; artilleryman; 

batcon cafi6n:-;-gunboat. 
cafLones, n.: — artillery; ordnance, 
canonica, n.: — ^parocmal register. 



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oaspa 



cansela, v. tr.; also deroga; rebuetbe; 
n&n&lo y finijO: — to revoke; to coun- 
termand; to withdraw; to abolish; to 
dlsmifis; to cancel. 

cansi6n^ n.: — a variety of coconut palm 
of which the young nut haa a sweet 
edible rind. 

canta, v. t.; — ^to sing. 

cantan alabansa; also ^8o:— song of 
praise; hymn. 

outaro, n.; also la-uya: — ^pot; cooking 
kettle. 

o&ntico, n.; oanta: — song. 

oantid&, n.; also xnin^ffae: — quantity. 

oantft, n.; also tinaifondo; sasaUl- 
euan: — ^precipice; abyss; chasm; gulf; 
hell. 

canvo, n.; also oxiya; banda: — edge; 
* table edge; rim* border; brim; the edge 
of anything; ledge; margin. 

canton, adv.; also fton; g^ fion; 
ozlyan: — ^beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 

canton ilnai (or y fnai), n.: — sandy 
beach; strand. 

canton la^g^it, n.; — ^horizon; the line 
where the sky and earth, or sea, appear 
to meet; the limit of one's mental 
vision. 

caniion, adj.; also mtoiacanO: — edible; 
fit to be eaten as food. 

canflon, n.: — coconut, when tender and 
ready to be eaten. 

cafiuto, n.; — ^pipe. 

cao, n.; estaco: — ^pole. 

capa, n.: — layer; stratum; row. 

capa, n.: — cape. 

cap&s, adj. J adv.: — capable; brave; cour- 
ageous; also matat^a; compe- 
tente: — competent; fit. 

oapat&s, n.; also cabetdyo:— overseer. 

capitan, n.; ma^as eui batco:— skip- 
per; master; captain Jof a ship). 

capit^t, n.: — capital city. 

capit&t, n.; also prinsipit: — capital; the 
simi invested in a business. 

capiya, n.: — shrine; a sacred place or 
hallowed object (butto gui un lugat, 
pat y lugat ni ma na scoitos). 

capiya, n.; banda:-~band; orchestra of 
musicians. 

capricho, n.; also pintd: — caprice; un- 
restricted choice. 

caprichoso, adj.^ adv.; also chichuia: — 
humorsome; capricious; wayward. 

capsula, n.: — capsule. 

capuchino, n..-— Capuchin monk. 

cara, n.; mata; roatro:— face; counte- 
nance; looks; appearance. # 

carabao, n.; — carabao; the water buffalo; 
the beast of burden, and the principal 
means of conveyance in Guam. 

carac6t, n.; also ddgas; d6ogaa; lasas: — 
shell. 

caracter, n.; j^nio; costumbre: — 
character; frame of mind; dispostiion. 

carai, n.; — tortoise shell. 



caramelo, n.; — yellow sugar; caramel; 
candy. 

carantina, n.; also cuarentena: — 
quarantine. 

carera, n.; — race; contest of speed ;^ 
general tendency; trend. 

carera de Santiago:— the milky way. 

careta, n.; also caret6n: — wagon. 

caretan diquiqui, n.:— tram; tramway. 

caretiyay n.: — cart; light, two-wheeled 
vehicle; pushcart; handcart. 

caret6n, n.; — truck; wagon for carrying 
goods. 

caridad, n.; also am6t; gUin&iya: — 
love. 

carifLo, n.; also quinarifioso: — loveli- 
ness; kindness; amiability; benevo- 
lence. 

carifioso, adj.; also con cariflo; caxi- 
fLosamente: — 1 o v e 1 y ; charming;, 
worthy of being loved. 

carft, n.; also fegul: — track. 

carft, n.; chalan ruedan careta: — 
rut: the track of a wheel; groove;; 
hollow. 

carft electrtsida, n.; — trolley car. 

ccurtucho, n.; also cattuoho: — cartridge.. 

caruaje, n.; also coche: — coach; carriage. 

casaca, n.; also batunes d&^gculo: — 
large button; fastening for clothing. 

casadules, n.: — shunter; huntsman. 

casamiento, n.; also inacamO; um&- 
camO: — marriage; wedlock; wedding. 

casao, V. %.: — to cry. 

casao, p. p.; also um&sagua; g&ia- 
sagua: — married . 

cascaio, n.: — decomposed coral; used for 
road making; is soft when put down, 
but hardens through the action of air 
and water. 

c&scara, n.; also tasa; tasdn: — bowl. 

cascas, v. %.: — to clatter; to murmur; to*, 
rustle; to whisper; to rattle. 

case, V. tr.; also catgaye; na-l&macat; 
aumenta; na-bubo: — ^to aggravate; to 
intensify. 

case, V. tr.; also soyd para mumo: — to 
challenge to a fight; to summon to a 
contest. 

case, V. tr.: — to Jease. 

casi, adv.: — almost; nearly. 

casi, V. tr.t v. %.; also butlea; insutta; 
lotgue; mofea: — to mock; to deride; to 
insult; to make fun of. 

caso, n.; also sinesede: — ^incident; oc- 
currence; event; happening. 

casoe, n.; casue: — ^name of a tree intro- 
duced into Guam more than a century 
ago; bears a peculiar fruit consisting of 
the fleshy, enlarged peduncle (flower 
stalk) bearing a kidney-shaped nut; its^ 
shell is very acrid and the nut itself oily 
and edible when roasted; the peduncle, 
when thoroughly ripe, is pleasantly acid 
and edible; they are not a food staple of 
Guam. 

caspa, n.: — dandruff; scurf on the scalp.. 



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codfsia 



oastiga, v. tr,: — to punish; to chastise. 

oasti^, n.; — ^penitentiary; state prison; 
punishment; torment. 

oastigo, n.; calamid&d; cUbo epidd- 
mia: — scourge. 

oaatiyo, n.;— garrison. 

caaaalid^d, n.; also inald; deagr&aia:— 
misfortune; accidental event. 

oaauya, n.; also j&bito; aotana: — 
cassock. 

catalafig, n.; — snipe. 

catan, n.: — east. 

«atbo, adj.; also datiggaa: — ^bare; bald. 

catbo, n.; also dagl^aa: — baldhead. 

catbon, n.; — coal; potbos oatbon: — coal 
dust; catbon Jayo: — charcoal; glow of 
burning coals. 

catcat, V. %.; also tagtag; pagpag: — ^to 
smack with the tongue. 

catcula, v. tr.: — ^to calcukte; to compute; 
to think out. 

catcula, V. tr.; also conaidera: — to con- 
sider; to estimate. 

catdeniyo, n.: — ^verdigris. 

catdero. n.; — ^pot used for boiling water; 
steam boiler. 

catduzne, n.; — tribe. 

catduxnen, n.; — swarm; flock; pile; heap. 

catdumen abejas: — a swarm of bees. 

oate, V. tr., v. %.; also agcuS&: — to cry 
out; to howl (ex., the wind); to roar 
(ex., the bull); to peep (ex., the chicks). 

catedr&l, n.: — cathedral. 

eaten fLumedog, n.; also pala£g^aj[Sg: — 
roar; cry of a large animal; loud noise. 

catesiamo, n.: — catechism. 

catln gftlago, n.; also j&ujau:— howl; 
the howl of a dog. 

catga, n.: — ^burden; charge; load; bag- 
gage ; tributo ; impuesto : — duty ; tax ; 
impost; tribute. 

catgado; p. p.: — loaded. 

catgamento, n.; also flete: — freight. 

catgaye, v. tr.; also chiguit; oprime: — 
to subdue; to oppress; to repress; to 
keep down; to stine; to suppress. 

catgaye, v. tr.; also impone:— to im- 
pose; to place upon; to impose punish- 
ment. 

catgo, n.; — office; charga; obligation. 

catiye, v. tr., v. %.; also na-all: — to entice; 
to allure. 

catma, n.; — calm; lack of wind or 
breeze. 

catna, adj.: — alluring, enticing. 

catnada, v. tr.; also pueue; moimo; 
catnadaye: — to lure; to bait; to allure. 

o&tna1&, adv.; also c&nftj&: — almost; 
nearly; but little was lacking. 

c&tne, V. i.:— to gnaw> to nibble; to 
destroy by gnawing; to corrode. 

catne, n.; also sensen: — meat. 

oatnen b6bui, n.; also toaino: — pork. 

catnen guaca, n.; — beef. 
• catnen quinilo, n.; — mutton; the flesh 
of sheep. 

oato, n.: — cat. 

eat6iico, adj.: — Catholic. 



oatotse, adj.: — ^fourteen, 
catpintero, n.; — carpenter, 
catta, n.;— letter; note; card. 
catt6n. n.: — cardboard, 
cattucno, n.: — cartridg[e. 
cattuchera, n.; — cartridge pouch. 
catre, n.;— bed frame. 
catsa, V. %.: — to put on shoes, 
cataoniyos, n.;— drawers, 
catsunes, n.: — trousers; pants, 
cattkrai. n.; — name of a small introduced 
tree, oearing large edible flowers and 

ds; frequently planted near the 
ses of the natives and along the 

roadsides; both the flowers and pods 

are said to have laxative properties. 
oau, conj.: — ^whether; if. 
causa, n.: — ^affair; concern; matter; also 

motibo: — motive; reason. 
cautiba, v. tr.; also preso: — to take 

prisoner. 
cayao, adj., adv.; also znaguim: — silent; 

taciturn; peaceable; pacific; circum- 
spect; cautious, 
cayada, n.: — slackening; letting up (of 

wind or rain). 
caye, n.; also chalan: — street; road; path, 
cayon, n.; also fin& ohalan: — ^footway; 

trail, 
cayos, n.: — callosity; weal; skin swelled 

and hardened by labor; corn; sore; 

ulcer. 
cayos, adj., adv.: — callous. 
dgarillo, n.; cigaxiyo: — cigarette. 
claranchad&, n.; also ftpac& chad&:— the 

white of an egg. 
olarid&, n.: — flame; clarity; clearness. 
claro, adj., adv.: — legible; capable of 

being r^; clear; distinct; apparent. 
claro, adj.; also lamlam; pure: — clear; 

bright; pure. 
dase, n.: — quality; kind; class in school, 
dema, n.:^ream. 
club, n.: — club. 
cobatde, adj., adv.; also ma&^fiao: — 

afraid; timid; faint-hearted; feiu^ul. 
cobla {or cobbla^, v. tr.: — to collect; to 

call in outstanding moneys, 
coble (or cobble), n.: — copper; money; 

change; pieces ot money. 
c6cftfiao, adj., adv.; cUso cobatde: — 

cowardly; timid; afraid, 
cocas, V. tr.; also gadon: — to complicate; 

to involve; to entangle. 
coche, n.: — carriage, 
cochero, n.; — coachman; driver. 
cocheron autom6bit, n.; — chauffeur. 
cochino, n.; also b&bui: — swine; pig; pig- 
skin. • 
cdcd, V. tr.: — ^to harvest; to reap; to gather* 

in the harvest. 
oocoe, V. i.: — ^to grunt. 
o6colo, V. i.: — to climb up. 
cocote, V. tr.: — ^to hit; to hit in the neck 

or on the back of the head, 
codisia, n.; also linatp^a; chin4tao: — 

avarice; cupidity; mggardliness; sel- 
fishness. 



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codo 



149 



confotme 



«odo, n.; also tomon c&nai: — elbow; 
yard ^meaeure). 

cddotxoB, n.; cdio dulili: — quail. 

cofradia, n.: — ^member of the brother- 
hood. 

cohetes (or cuetes), n.; — rocket. 

cojo, adj.; also AcaXetB^: — ^lame; twisted; 
dislocated. 

«ola, n.; also fatdon: — ^burden; large 
pack; skirt; lap; flap; train (of a skirt). 

cola, n.; also didalag: — ^tail. 

c61adot, n.; also fanjaluman:— filter; 
apparatus for purifying water or other 
hquids; sieve; inlet; passage. 

colales, n.; — ^local name for the coral- 
bean tree; the heartwood of the larger 
trees is hard and durable. 

colales, n.; also cadenan oolales: — 
chain made up of red shells; colales, 
n.: — red shells. 

colales Jaluxn-tand: — ^local name for the 
coral-bread vine; very common in 
thickets throughout me island; its 
seeds contain two proteid pcnsons 
which, when introduced beneath the 
skin, cause death; used in India by the 
natives to dip the points of their daggers 
in, wounds from which are fatal. 

colat, n.; — ^fence; hedge. 

colat, V. tr.; aho oriy&ye; lelicM:— to 
fence a field; to bound; to inclose 
with a hedge; to lay siege. 

colat ch&^guan, n..* — ^hedge; fence of 
bushes or shrubbery. 

colat gftgft, n.:--fold; pen; dung. 

colata, n.; — ^butt end of a gun. 

cOlau, V. tr.: — ^to fetch a meal. 

colaye, v. tr.; also cola: — to glue. 

coleale, n.; also estudiante: — student; 
scholar. 

c61era, n.; — cholera. 

coleta, n.; also filag:— tress; plait; braid. 

coloca, V. tr.:—io locate; to place; to 
establish. 

col6t, n.: — color. 

col6t chocolate, adj.; also patdo; 
znoreno : — ^brown . 

columna, n.; — column. 

combate, n.; also pl&ito:— fight; combat. 

coinbida, v, tr.; also Jujo: soyd; ofrese: — 
to bid; to make an offer of. 

cometsiantes, n.; also negosiante: — 
merchant; trader; dealer. 

comdtsio, n.: — traffic; commerce; trade. 

cozneya, n.; — comedy. 

cdmfesat, v. tr.: — ^to profess (religious 
beUef). 

comfesdt, n.; — father confessor. 

comida, n.: — ^meal; eating. 

comisiona, v. tr.; also encatga: — to 
charge; to send for a purpose; to com- 
mission. 

c6nioda, n.;^<»binet; chest of drawers; 
commode. 

c6nion, n.; — closet; retreat; water-closet. 

compallero, n.; also ^ftchoflg:— fellow- 
ship; association; society. 

compania, n.; — company. 



compara, v. tr.: — to likenj to compare 

comparasidn, n.; — comparison; parable. 

coxnp&8, n.; — compass. 

coinp&8, V. X.; also cumunpapas: — to 
gesticulate while speaking. 

complase, v. tr.; also n&-aya; nft- 
mag^f: — ^to suit; to accommodate; to 
please. 

coinplicao, adj.; also gadon: — ^intricate; 
entangled; complicated. 

complido, adj.t adv.; also empeflao; 
empefioso: — zealous; ardent; eager. 

coinplise, n.: — confederate; accomplice. 

conxprende, v. i.; also tiutlj^o: — to 
comprehend; to understand. 

comprendiyon, adj., adv.: — ^palpable; 
obvious; easily perceived. 

compromete, v. %.: — ^to compromise; to 
lay bare; to expose. 

coznproiniBO, n.; — compromise; agree- 
ment. 

cointo, adj., adv.; also ptiblico: — public; 
common; general. 

co]nunid6d, n.: — commonalty; commu- 
nity. 

comuni6n, n.;— joint estate; communion. 

coinuni6n, n.; — ^the Holy Communion; 
the Eucharist. 

con, adv., prep.: — ^with; in conjunction 
with. 

conben^nma, n.: — propriety; fitness; 
profession; trade; craft. 

conbeniente, adj.: — convenient; suit- 
able. 

conbense, v. tr.; also soyd; nft-osgon: — 
to persuade; to influence by argument, 
advice, or entreaty. 

conbetsasidn, n.; also setmon; uxn&- 
tand: — conversation; discourse; speech 
or language. 

conbida, v. tr.; also JuJo; agati^e: 
soyd: — to invite. 

conbidao, n.;— ^est; invited person. 

conbiene:— it is important; it is neces- 
sary; it is fitting. 

conbiette, v. tr.: — ^to convert. 

concha, n.; — mussel; shell. 

condena, v. tr.: — to sentence; to con- 
demn. 

condiaidn, n.; also dispoaiflidn; orijra: — 
condition; measure; rule; disposition; 
direction; environment. 

oonducta, n.; — conduct. 

cond, V. tr.: — to catch; to bring. 

confesidn, n.: — confession. 

confesion&rio, n.; — confessional. 

confla, v. tr., v. i.; also aJSg^oco: ta- 
gdan: — to intrust; to confide; to hope; 
to look for; to expect. 

confiansa, n.: — ^trust; confidence; faith. 

oonfltma, v. tr.; also ayuda; n&-g&imi- 
netgot: — to strengthen; to confirm. 

confltmasidn, n.: — confirmation. 

confotman m&isa, v. %.: — to acquiesce; 
to give one's self up. 

confotme, v. tr.: — to conform; to make 
alike. 



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confotme 



150 



costiyas 



confotme, cdj,; also aplica: — devoted; 
tiDderetanding. 

confotme ni j otden 7 otro, adj.: — 
obedient; dutiful. 

confotme 7 lay, adj.^ orfi;.;— lawful; just; 
legal. 

coniotmefia, adj., adv,; aUo mina- 
^ffla: — ^rational; agreeable to reason; 
wise; judicious. 

con mucho ouid6o: — ^with special care. 

conquista, v. tr.; also lobra: — to acquire; 
to procxu-e by effort; to win by conquest. 

consado, adj,; also esterit; aj^ld; 
t&iminauleg na od&; cansado: — 
sterile; barren; producing no crop. 

oonsag^ra, v. tr.: — ^to consecrate; to trans- 
mute. 

consaera8i6n, n.; — transformation. 

consede, v. tr.: — ^to assent to; to agree to; 
to concede. 

conseja, v. t.; also chachalane: — to give 
advice; to give counsel. 

consejero, n.;also daconseja: — advisor; 
counselor; councilor. 

conBentimiento, n.; — approval; acqui- 
escence; agreement; consent. 

considera, v. tr.: — to deliberate; to 
jKJnder; to weigh in the mind; to con- 
sider; to survey. 

oonsidnaiav n.; — conscience. 

consiente, v. tr.; also petmite: — ^to 
permit; to consent; to allow; to give 
permission for. 

conflieue, v. tr.; also cumple; tacft; 
Jajgo: — ^to accomplish; to reach; to ob- 
tain; to attain. 

conaiste, v. %.: — to consist; to be com- 
posed of; to be made up of. 

oonsola46t, n.: — comforter; consoler. 

oonatante, adj.y adv.; also fijo:^<K>n- 
stant; persistent; steadfast; persever- 
ing; industrious; diligent; assiduous; 
sedulous. 

con8truoai6n, n.; also plinantan 
glim&: — structure; edifice; building. 

oonsuela, v. tr.; also n&-alibiao; n&- 
Ulmama^f: — to console; to comfort; 
to encourage; to relieve; to free from 
pain, suffering, or grief. 

conautta, v. tr.: — to consult. 

contempla, v. tr.; also laao; atcui: — 
to observe; to contemplate; to view; 
to watch. 

oontesta, v. tr.; also responde; ope; — 
to respond; to answer; to reply. 

contiempo, adj.; also opottuno:— op- 
portune; well-timed; seasonable. 

contindnsia, n.; — abstinence; temper- 
ance; continence. 

contodo, adj.y conj.; also 16oud: — also; 
too; besides. 

con todo que, prep.; also sin enbatgo: — 
in spite of; nevertheless; notwithstand- 
ing. 

contra, n.: — ^photographic negative. 

contra, prep.; also yan: — against. 

contra costa, n.; — coast; cost. 



contradiae, v. <r.;— to contradict; to 
quarrel; to dispute; to disagree; to be 
at variance. 

contradisi6n, n.; also reusa:— denial; 
refusal; contradiction; puiie: — to deny. 

oontramaeatro, n.; — boatswain. 

contr4rio, n.; also enemig^o:— adver- 
sary: opponent. 

contrario^ adj.; also otro; diferente: — 
hostile; inimical; adverse; repugnant; 
contrary; different; other. 

contrata, v. tr., v, %.; also um&Joye: — 
to enter into an agreement; to close a 
contract. 

contrata, n.; — treaty; negotiation. 

contratiempo, n.; — untoward event or 
circumstance; adversity. 

contratista, n.;~con tractor; exploiter. 

contrato, n.;— contract; agreement. 

contribU)Bi6n, n.; also impueate:— con- 
tribution; tribute; tax; duty; excise 
tax; impost. 

contriai6n^ n.; also ainetsot:— contri- 
tion; pemtence; repentance. 

oopa, n.;— cup: small glass; un copan. 
bino: — a small glass of wine. 

copero, n.: — ^butler; cupbearer. 

c6pia, V. tr.: — to copy. 

c6pia, n.; also muestra: — ^pattern; copy; 
a model; sample; specimen- anything 
cut out or marked, ready to be copied. 

coraje, n.: — courage; spint. 

cora86n, n.; — ^heart. 

coreaa, n.; also 8ened6t; 8intor6n: — 
belt (for the waist); strap; long piece of 
leather. 

c6redot, n.: — ^veranda; corridor; passage- 
way. 

coreo, n.; — ^mail steamer. 

coresponddnaia, n.. -correspondence. 

corlje, V. tr.; also n&-dinanohe; recti- 
fioa: — ^to rectify; to set right; to blame; 
to censure. 

corije, v. tr.; also desaprueba: — ^to con- 
demn; to disapprove; to reprove; to 
denounce. 

core, n.: — choir. 

corona, n.;— crown. 

coriente, n.; also milag: — stream; 
current. 

coronet, n.; coronal:— colonel; com- 
mander of a regiment. 

cosa, n.; also materia; jafa: — matter; 
thing; cause. 

cosaa ni man manfalcoi yan manma- 
bende: — anything bought and sold; 
also metcanaia, n.; — ^merchandise; 
goods; wares. 

oosedha, n.;— crop; also aemiya: — seed. 

coaecha, n.; jineca; 7 quindco: — 
harvest. 

cosina, n.; — ^kitchen. 

cosinero, n.: — cook. 

costat-teiig:gua£g, n.: — basket 
for victuals. 

costiyas, n.: — ^rib; curved bone support 
ing the lateral wall of the thorax. 



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costrafas 



151 



onetdasi 



^ostrafas, n.; — smews; tendons (on 
meat). 

costumbre, n.; aUo penH^; bisio: — 
habit; custom. 

•costumblre, adj.; also otdinario: — ordi- 
nary; usual; customary. 

•eostnra, n.;--hem; the edge of a garment. 

costnra, n.; oorelilo; cuso costura: — 
seam; line formed by the sewing of two 
pieces of material together. 

•costurera, n.;— seamstress; needle- 
woman. 

cola, n.:also datfguM; dadS^uia; laone: — 
wax. 

•cotohetes, n.;— crotchets; clamps. 

«otcha, n.:— cork; bottle stopper. 

cotchon, n.;— mattress. 

•cotddt, n.; — string; cord; line. 

cotd^t; oodd^t, n.; aUo pita:— string; 
cord; line. 

•cotd^t g^ttijaa, n..*— fi^line. 

cotd6n, n.:— line; rope; belt; cuet- 
dao:— leather strap holding the sandals. 

cotneta, n.; also trompeta: — ^hom; 
trumpet; bugle; comet. 

cotniyofl, n.;— fang; tusk; saddle pad; 
saddle roll. 

cotsd, n.; also ohinina:— bodice; waist. 

oottado 7 leohe: — curdled milk. 

«otte, n.; — court (of a ruler). 

oottesano, adj., adv,: — ^poUte. 

oottesla, n.: — ^politeness. 

cottesiaye, v, tr.:— to extend courtesy; 
to show one's self courteous. 

oottina, n.: — curtain. 

•coytmturaB, n.; — ^joints. 

creatura, n.; also patgon: — offspring; 
successor; creature. 

cresiente, adj., adv,: — arising; growing; 
increasing (moon). 

areata, n.; — comb of the rooster. 

oriado, n.; also ministro; setbiente: — 
servant. 

criansa, n.; also aaean famaedon: — 
nursery; apartment for young children. 

criminat, n./ also na-natailaye: — ^male- 
factor; criminal. 

cristat, n.: — glass. 

cru^l, adj., aav.: — cruel. 

crueldad, n.; — cruelty. 

^rvLB, adj,; also 6pagat; umenortis: — 
crosswise; athwart. 

crusa; n.; also quHliua: — cross. 

<iru8ero, n.; — cruiser; a fast warship. 

crusifica, v, tr.: — to crucify. 

erusifijo, n.:— crucifix. 

cuadrante, n.: — ^penny; farthing (old 
expression, rarely used). 

cuadrao, adj.: — quadrangular; four-cor- 
nered; square. 

cuadrOy n.: — ^frame; square. 

cuadron bentana, n.; — sash; window 
sash; frame for holding panes of glass 
(cuadron bentana para uguiniot 7 
espejos). 

cuantoP — ^how much; how many? 

cuanto antes, adv.: — as soon as possible. 

cuarenta, adj.: — ^forty. 



ouaresma, n.; also tiempon ayunat: — 
fasting time; Lent; Shrovetide. 

cuatc^iil^raja na taotao, n.;— in- 
dividual. 

caatqtU^t, pron,; also ouatqiiiera; 
cuatqilidraja:— anyone; whosoever. 

caatro, adj.: — ^four. 

euatro-patas, n.:-^uadrui>ed. 

eaatroident08,(uf;.; also written on Atro* 
sientes: — ^four hundred. 

caatta, n.; also latieo: — ^whip. 

ouattaso, n.:--whipfish. 

caatt^l, n.: — ^barracks; quarters. 

ouatto, n.; — quart; quarter of a gallon; 
a measure. 

eaatto, oi;.;— one-fourth; the fourth. 

euatto, n.;-^uarter of the moon. 

euatto oresiente: — ^first quarter of the 
moon (rising, increasing fourth). 

ouatto. n.; also aposento:— r 00m; 
chamber: apartment. 

euatto ijienguante: — last quarter of the 
moon. 

euatton bisita, n.:— waiting room; ante- 
room. 

cubietta, n.; — deck. 

cubo, n.; also pfau; pfao: — ^bamboo; reed; 
cane. 

cubre, v. tr.; also tampe: — to cover. 

cuca, V. %.; also na-pinalala: — ^to be 
agitated by a violent passion. 

ouca, V. tr.; also adbiette; pagat: — to 
incite; to admonish; to stimulate; to 
advise; to caution; to counsel. 

ouoo, adj., adv.: — crafty; sly; cunning; 
deceitful. 

cuchala, n.; — spoon. 

cuchalan &tbafiit, n.;— trowel; mason's 
scoop. 

cuchalan d&£g:culo, n.; — ladle (large 
spoon). 

cucuraoha, n.; — cockroach. 

cuenta, n.; also manifiesta; notfaia; 
natu^g^d; factura; dibe; in&nog- 
cha: — ^report; account; relation; con- 
nection; Dill; invoice; score. 

ouenta; en bes de; en lugat de: — 
insteaid of; in the place of. 

cuenta; liaayo, n.; also tinifofig:— 
accounting. 

cuentaye, v. tr.; also funiiad6t: — to 
stand security for; to bail; to warrant; to 
substitute, or to act as some one's 
substitute. 

cuentos, n.; also diaoutao; orasi6n; 
chinohuld; cbinohulti: — speech; talk; 
discourse; oration; gossip; narration. 

cuentos, v. i.; also &dilSgan; adiilg&ne; 
alog: — to talk; to converse; to gossip; 
to speak; to utter. 

cuentos, n.; also sinafS^an: — story; tale. 

cuero, n.; — leather; hide. 

cueBti6n, n.: — question; a matter of 
dispute. 

cuetdas, n.; also tale: — rope; cord; 
string; line. 

cuetdaai, (wf;.;— windy. 



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cnetna 



152 



ohadej^ 



cuetna, v. (r.:— to tie iast. 

ouevoy n. also ag&gft: — collar: neck. 

cuidaol inten,; dm adajel — ^be careful! 

take care! beware! 
cula, v. tr.;— to silt; to put through the 

sieve, 
eulebla, n.; also setpiente; t6ffpap&; 

ffui^uii^:— reptile; serpent; snake. 
ouieoa. n.; also ponedera: — brood hen. 
culpable, adj.; also lalat-diTon; faau: — 

blamable; culpable; guilty; reprdiensi- 

ble; deserving censure, 
oultiba, V. tr.: — to cultivate. 
cultt, n./ also sirena:— siren; foghorn, 
ouxn&calat, adv.; also umd^oacat: — 

gingerly; cautiously; daintily, 
ctunacalo, v. ir.. v. i.; also n&-calo; 

sottaye: — to slacken; to relax; to 

enervate or to become enervated; to 

effeminate. 
cumaduco, v. i.: — to age; to become old; 

to become childish, 
oumati, v. %.: — to shriek; to* utter a 

sharp, shrill outcry, 
cuzueja, v. tr.; also puminiti: — to de- 
plore; to lament over; to commiserate; 

to pity, 
ouzuequdyau, adj.y adv.: — ^limping, 
oumieta, v. %.: — to pause, 
y cuni6nafe8at, n.: — penitent. 
ouxn6nfe8at, v. i.: — to confess, 
cumotftdo y leche: — curdled milk, 
cumple, V. tr.; also oonsigue: — to fulfill 

a duty; to accomplish; to reach; to 

obtain; to attain; to comply; to conform. 
cumple afioB, n.; also aaibetB&rio: — 

anniversary, 
cumplido, adj.y adv.; also fotm&t: — 

punctual; zealous; strict; accurate; 

precise; exact; stem; severe; harsh. 



cuxnplido gui mtoasfla, n.; also tifi- 
n&baba; titxinaidute: — allegiance; fi- 
delity to a country, a cause, or to a 
person. 

oumplimiento, n.; — compliment; ex- 
pression of courtesy. 

ouxntiouxmaiiaf na g&gH, n.; also ultt: — 
worm (from ouziaf, to crawl). 

7 oumdouxianaf na tinanum: — vine; 
clinging plant. 

oumuentoa, v. t.; — to babble; to prattle; 
to utter; to speak; to pronounce; to 
converse; to talk familiarly. 

oumuento* &ffa^; also gagae; cup 
muentoa dxadeg pat tiesuB- 
tansia:— to gabble; to chatter. 

cumuentoB 6''cacat; also go£ggo£g: — 
to murmur; to whisper; to rattle. 

cumuleca, v. %.: — to brood; to incubate. 

cuzuunpapaS) v. %.; also comp&s: — to 
gesticulate while speaking. 

cuna, n.; — crib; cnild's bed; rack 
manger. 

cufLa, n.; — ^wedge. 

cufla, V. tr.: — ^to drive in a wedge. 

cufiado, n.; also y quifLaod-jo: — 
brother-in-law. 

ctinanaf, v. %.; also b&tsala: — to creep; 
to move slowly along the ground. 

ctliiau (paluman cunau), n.; — dove; 
ring-dove. 

cura, n.; — ^rector; curate; clergyman. 

curate, n.;— rectory: parsonage; vicarage. 

ouriente, adj., adv.; also curiente 
cumaentos: — fluent; voluble; elo- 
quent. 

curioso, adj., adv.; also aberiguad6t; 
g&mam&isen: — inc^uisitive: curious. 

ouyuntura, n.; — ^joint or link of a 
machine. 



Ch. 



cha, n.: — tea. 

cha- (or acha-; ch6-u^a^): — ^prefix, in- 
dicating equality; equal in weight. 

chabft, V. tr.: — to snub; to treat with de- 
signed contempt; to interrupt; to con- 
tiadict some one. 

chabftii V. tr.; also opone; rechasa; 
resiflte: — to resist; to oppose. 

oh&ca, n.: — rat (the brown, or Norway, 
rat). 

ch&ca, V. tr.^v. %.; also nft-chacft; Julog; 
majlog: — to snap; to break short or 
instantaneously; to crack. 

cha^ft. v. %.: — to titter; to chuckle; to 
crackle (the bones of a joint). 

chftcan dlquiqui, n.; — mouse (small rat). 

chacha, adj., adv.: — affected; elegant; 
foppish. 

ch&ohab&i, adj.^ adv.; also op6pone; 
rech&chasa: — resisting; opposing; re- 
frtwtory. 

chachag, n.: — saw; cutting steel instru- 
ment with a toothed edge. 



chachag, v. tr.: — to saw; to cut with a 

saw; to cut. 
ohachag mafiisei v. tr., n.; — rip saw. 
ch4chagft. n.: — upper part of tne thigh; 

shank; tnigh. 
chachalane, v. tr.; also dirije; f&nft^- 

gtte: — to give advice; to give counsel; 

to lead; to guide; to instruct; to teach; 

to exemplify; to illustrate by example. 
ch6ohalapon chdtnot, n.; also tan- 

me: — infection; taint; infectious dis- 



oh&ohalon, n.; — greaves of bacon. 
ch&chaot, adj.; also ohaot; ti sina; 

ohatsaga: — prohibited; impossible; 

impracticable, 
oh&cnatlinaao, adj., adv.; also pinal&- 

lala; lulujan; escrupuloso: — anxious; 

scrupulous, 
oh&ohatlamen, n.; also contr&rio; eni- 

mieo: — opponent; adversary, 
chadi, n.:— 4gg. 
chadeg, adj., adv.; also goal: — speedy; 

quick. 



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chadeg 



168 



ohitjida 



ckade^y n.; also pinal&lala:— haste; 

celerity; speed, 
chadegrfia, adv.; also gusefUt; mas 

Men: — ^rather; sooner; more willingly, 
ohadeg na mafkila, n.; also xnafiil& 

ensi^das:— flash; sudden, quick, 

transitory blaze of light, 
chadig, adj., adv. (see enAdeg): — prompt; 

agile; quick. 
chaxLaqud, n.; — udder of the cow. 
chaflileg, v. tr.; also tajleg: — to twist a 

rope on the rope walk; to make a rope; 

to swing, 
chaflegy adj.f adv.; also chatgttiya: — 

very sick; dying. 
chafleg, v. %.; chaflig: — to be dying; to 

be deathly sick, 
chaflilig, V. tr.; also chaftilalag: — to 

turn; to twist. 
chagchag, v. i.: — to dawn; to begin to 

grow light. 
chsLjgt, adj.f adv.; also dist^nsia: — 

distant; far; far off. 
chag6 Jalom, n.; also san jalum na 

patte ^[iii tan6; jaluzn tan6: — 

interior; inland. 
chagdAa, a<f;.;— further; more distant. 
ch&gua, V. tr.: — to weaken the fire by 

banking or by covering with leaves. 
chftgua, V. tr.; also fft-ohalan: — to make 

room. 
chA^guan, n.; — lawn; a plot of grass kept 

closely mown; grass; plant; shrub 

(dlquiqui na dasen trofgoo). 
ch4gua, V. tr.; also sujaye: — to avoid, 
chague, v. tr.; also tamtam; also written 

chkgui {see ensayo; tienta; ta&ft): — 

to sample; to taste food. 
chaicague, v. %.; also fedos: — to scram- 
ble; to clamber with the hands and 

•feet. 
ch&Jlao, V. tr.f v. %.; also mantiene; 

also written oh&Jlau: — to catch; to 

seize; to grip; to grasp. 
ch&jlau, V. tr.; also Jacot: — to receive; to 

catch; to seize. 
chJichalaTncham , n.; — e^utterer; stam- 
merer, 
ch&lamlam v. i.; also aoh6tgue: — to 

twinkle; to blink; to wink, 
ohalan, n.; also rumbo; eatso; caye 

(from calle, Sp.:) — street; way; road; 

route; journey; march. 
chaliochao nl Janum: — to flush; to 

clean out with a rush of water. 
chalapun, v. tr.: — to diffuse; to scatter; 

to disseminate; to strew asunder; to 

spread abroad (rumors, etc.). 
ohalapun, p. p.: — di^^llged; diffused, 
chal&uchau, v. tr.; also 7e^E;yo^; 

l&ulau: — to vibrate; to move back 

and forth; to shake. 
ohaleco, n.; — ^vest; waistcoat, 
chaleg, V, %.: — to laugh, 
ohaleg, adj.f adv.; also znachaleg; 

bastes: — stubborn; coarse. 



chaleg, n.; also written chalig:— laugh- 
ter. 
Ghal6Jgii&, V. tr.; also chal6uchau: — 

to stir up; to move; to set in motion, 
chatlii, i;. tr.; also lalatde: — to nag: Uy 

scold; to find fault with continually, 
chambra, n.; also ixhmiriMi patgon: — 

the short shirt worn in Guam by 

children, 
champan, n.; — scow; large, flat-bot- 
tomed boat with square ends. 

chftmo: — do not (the Latin noli). 

chandetfiui, n.; — slippers, 
chancocha, v. tr.: — to boil in water. 
ohajSj^y V. tr.: — to carry suspended 

from the shoulder, without a carrying 

stick. 
chaiS^o, adj.y n.: — ^bowlegged; person 

with crooked legs, 
chanda, v. tr.; also saoude: — to cast off; 

to shake off; to repel; to cast off to one 

side, 
chanda, v. tr.; also totpe: — to nudge; 

to touch gently (as with the elbow). 
chanaa, n.; also dsetan: — ^joke; jest, 
chansero, n.; also num&chaleg; nu- 

m&nftohaleg: — ^jester; joker; wag; 

merry fellow. 
chapag, v. tr.; also jala papft: — to take 

down; to snatch down; to draw down; 

to pull down, 
chapun, v. tr.; also chalapun; despet- 

disia; nft-fali£g^: — to waste; to scatter; 

to destroy; to squander, 
chapusero, n.; also tracachero: — ^bun* 

gler; dabbler, 
cnaqueta, n.; also chaleco: — ^jacket. 
oharera, n.; — earthenware teapot, 
chasco, n.; also mam&bababa: — 

knavery; cheating; swindling, 
ch&taftn, adj.: — ^rainy; rainy season (fan 

Hohanan). 
ch&ta&n, n,; also pagyo: — storm, 
ch&tan, adj.y oJi;.;— particular; distinct 

^m others; individual, 
ohat-ante, n.: — ^bad spirit, 
dh&tao, adj.: — selfish; egotistical (de* 

maaiao Jagoflien mfiiaa |r^). 
chUtcuentos, v. i.; also ti compren- 

diyon: — to gibber; to speak incoher- 
ently, 
oh&t-gu&iya, i;. tr.; also maf&Jiyiu^; 

faicnanag: — >to despise; to slander, 
chatgue, v. tr.; also buUea: — to talk 

about the faults of otiiers; to ridicule 

some one (gft oumuentos pot otro 

t&otao). 
chatgttiya, adj., adv.: — dying; verv sick, 
chatgttiya, aaj., adv.; also chadeg: — 

very sick: dying. 
ch4t-ilo, adj.y adv.; also atagtag: — ^hard* 

headed; stubborn; perverse, 
ch&tjinalum, n.; also mlnat&patfg: — 

vexation; anger; ill-humor. 
ch&t-]ine£ggue, n.; also Buperti8i6n: — 

superstition. 
ch&tjula, t;. i.; also ch&t fanjula:— to 

swear falsely; to commit perjury. 



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«h&tlii, n.; aUo exme^pidas na Ina- 
tan: — glimpse; a transient view. 

chatllt, V. «r.;— to abhor; to hate; to 
detest. 

ohatli-iyon. n.; also ohioailii:— hatred; 
aversion; hostility. 

<3h&tmafaii&^gtte na t&otao, n.: — cad; 
vulgar; ill-bred fellow. 

€h&t manjula, v. %.: — to perjure; to swear 
falsely. 

oh&tmasa, adj.y adv.; also matft; ti 
sisacan: — immature; not ripe; not 
fully developed or grown; crude. 

ch&tmata, ac^.: — shortsighted. 

€h&tpftgOy adj., adv.; also desabrido; ti 
g:uaiyayon:--disagreeable; hateful; re- 
pugnant; offensive; highly distasteful; 
ugly; repellent. 

oh&tpayon, adj., adv.; also petbetao; 
escandaloso: — ^infamous; wicked; prof- 
ligate. 

ch&taaga, adj.; also ti sifLa; chaot; 
ch&chaot; nAmftse; n&maasd; taaS^ 
siyon: — im|)os8ible; impracticable; 
captious; critical; despicable; pitiful; 
miserable. 

oh&tBaga, V. tr.; also ti oapas; tum&i- 
fuetsa; ti sumifLa: — to incapacitate; to 
render unfit or incapable; to disable. 

«h&ttaii6, adj.; also ti f&fafiago: — 
barren; unfruitful. 

chattau, adj., adv.; also latga; mes- 
quino: — stingy; avaricious. 

chauchau, v. ir.:— to stir; to shake. 

ch&uchau, n.; — stormy sea; high em- 
bankment. 

ch&ul6, V. %,: — ^to undulate; to move 
with wavelike motion; to heave; to 
swing the rod. 

cheba^gy v, tr.: — to chop off; to break off. 

cheboty n..* — fat man. 

chebot, adj.; also yomog:— fat; cOtpu- 
lent; fleshy. 

chechet, v, tr.: — to call attention to. 

cheohdtan, n.; also peoad6t; 7 uznfiaao; 
chichdtaix: — sinner. 

ch6chijet, adj.; also mangoflid: — ^well- 
meaning; benevolent; well disposed 
toward some one. 

checho, n.: — boundary. 

chdch6o6nai; ffttinas yan matft na 
materi&t, v. tr.; also manufactura: — 
to manufacture; to fabricate from raw 
materials. 

chdchd comunid&d, n.: — socage; com- 
pelled labor. 

chef chef, v. tr.: — to cut off; to break off 
(the limb of a tree). 

€hefla, V. tr., v. %.: — to whistle with the 
lips. 

chegcheg, v. tr.: — to gnash the teeth. 

chegcheg, n.: — noise (of breaking wood). 

chegld, n.; also saqui; ladrdn: — robber; 
thief. 

chegld, n.; also f&fftbaba; tramposo; 
palach4: — swindler; rogue. 

ch61o, n.; chdla: — brother; sister. 

chenohe, n.; — ^bedbug. 



chefEgle, v. tr.; ohilS^le: — to appropri- 
ate something not one's own; to lake 
for one's own something belonging to 
another or others. 

oheop, n.; — local name for a small 
basket usually made for canying on 
the back. 

chepohoptinai, n.; — quicksand. 

chequero, n.; — sty; a pen or inclosure 
for swine; pigsty; hogi>en. 

chdtan. V. %.: — to be in error; to be 
mistaken. 

chdtnot, V. tr.; also fafietnot; n^ 
fafietnot: — to wound; to hurt; to 
damage. 

chdtnot, n.; also Tnlnalatffi^o; defeeto; 
Jeilda: — sickness; illness; defect; sore; 
wound; abscess. 

chdtnot, n.; also e^ue; puti;— pain; 
intense pain, especiaUy referring to 
thrust wounds, cuts, etc: 

chdtnot dfquiqui, n.:— fistula; small 
chronic abscess. 

chd'teot estdmago, n.; — dyspepsia; in- 
digestion. 

chdtnot gui tomates ae&gft, n.; — 
tonsUitis; inflammation of the tonsils. 

chdtnot laaarino, n.; — leprosy. 

chetnudan, adj.: — ^wounded. 

chdton, adj., adv.: — connected. 

ch6ton, V. %.: — to stick fast; to come in 
touch with. 

chiba, n.:— pjat. 

chichd, V. %.; maptft: — ^to explode; to 
burst. 

chicheria, n.; also joguete: — gewgaws. 

chicherioo, adj., adv.: — vain. 

chichirica, n.; — vernacular name for the 
feua-tailed flycatcher, a pretty little 
bird which follows one along the road 
and spreads its tail as thougn wishing 
to attract attention. 

ohi'^chitun, n.; — vernacular name for the 
prickly chaff-flower, a shrubby weed, 
quite troublesome in Guam, on account 
of the property of the fruit to stick to 
the clothing, its name signifyinff tick. 

ohicherico, aaj.; also maxnuda: — oressed 
up; dolled up (referring to women). 

chfcnulft, adj., adv.; also caprichoso: — 
humorsome; capricious. 

ohico, V. tr.: — to Kiss. 

ohigandd, v. t.; also ohinigandd: — ^to 
smoke a pipe. 

chigand6, n.: — smoker's pipe. 

chigandd plau, n.; also tubon plau: — 
reed pipe; bamboo pipe. 

chigd niyog, n.; — coconut milk. 

chigdan. n.; also janum ma&aen: — salt 
broth; brine; pickle. 

chiguet, n.; — tweezers. 

ohiguet, v. tr.: — to crowd together; to 
compress; to stifle; to crush; also 
oprune; catgaye: — to subdue; to re- 
press; to keep down; to suppress. 

chi, n.: — end; border. 

ohijit, V. i.; also jumijot; subida: — ^to 
approach; to draw nearer. 



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ohilit, adj.: also arimao; oh^ohilet:— 
anectionate; well disposed toward some 
one. 

child papet, n.; also zneiisajero: — 
messenger. 

chilizi-cainpana.n.; pana^-campana: — 
clapper of a bell. 

chilo^, adj.: — proportional; equal; uni- 
form; of like measure. 

chiminea, n.; — chimney; also firing hole 
of a gun. 

chin, n.; also oriya; canto: — ^border; end. 

china, adj.: — Chinese. 

chin&-u£g^aff, n.; — ^balance; perfect 
equality of two weights; equipoise; 
equilibrium. 

chinah&, n.; also inopone; nirechasa; 
resiat^naia: — ^resistance; opposition. 

ohiiiab&, n.; also dinisatiende: — snub; 
an intended slieht. 

chinachag, n.; also aise; sinise: — slash; 
a long cut. 

chinftonat-jinaao, n.;— qualm of con- 
science. 

chinadft, n.: — inguinal rupture. 

chinadeg, n.: — speed; velocity; swift- 
_ ness; quickness. 

^linagd, adj., adv.; also m&isa; estralio; 
solo: — remote: isolated; solitary; lone- 
some; secluded. 

chinague, n.; also ecsamen: — exami- 
nation' test; trial. 

chinatlil, n.; — loathing; disgust; nausea. 

chinat manjula, n.: — perjury. 

chinatao. n.; also codisia: — selfishness; 
niggardliness; avarice. 

chixuktlid. n.; aUo 6dio; inftchatlid: — 
spite; ill will or hatred toward another; 
enmity. 

chinatlid, n.: — hatred; dislike; odium, 
^^inatsaga, n.; also atboroto; ti 
suxnifia; inconbenidnsia: — trouble; 
distress; worry; inconvenience; unfit- 
ness; troubiesomeness; disadvantage. 

chin&ttao, n.; also escasds; defeoto: — 
deficiency; defect; want; lack. 

chinchuld, n.; also chinchulii; cuen- 
tos: — speech; talk; discourse; gossip; 
narration; oration. 

chinchulo, n.; — dragnet. 

chind^'gUe, n.; also obra; chindgile; 
fin&tinas; nin&Juyo^l^; chdch6:— 
work. 

chinemA, n.; also ohomft; tenLplansa: — 
temperance; continence; abstinence; 
diet. 

7 chinemft m&iBa; also jinilat m&isa; 

Sunen mfiiaa: — self-control ; s e 1 f - 
enial. 

chinenchon, v. %.; also famft-chen- 
chon: — to build a nest. 

chinepchop, v. tr,; also pinafiot; nono; 
lumos: — to merge; to absorb; to swal- 
low up. 

chinepchop, v. tr.; also jinatme: — to 
saturate; to soak; to imbue. 

chindtan, n.; also inabag; linache: — 
misunderstanding . 

chinf chill; also umachuli: — to resemble. 

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chinild, n.; also rinesibe; resibo; 

acsepta: — receipt; acceptance. 
chinilo£^, n.; also inaya; propot8i6n: — 

proportion, 
chinina, n.; also cotsd: — ^bodice; waist; 

overshirt; shirt, 
chiquero, n.: — pen; a small inclosure; 

coop, 
chi^ueron b&bui, n. (see chequero): — 

pigsty; pen for pigs, 
cnisnie, n.; also inadft: — defamation; 

slander; bad words; aspersion, 
chispas, n.: — spark. 
ch6^6, n.; also obra; chind^gile; finft- 

tinas; ninftjuyoUg: — ^work; task; labor; 

toil; exertion; effort, 
chocho, V. tr.f v. i.; also can6: — to eat. 
ch6ch6 di&rio, n.;— daily work; daily 

task. 
chdchd-fuetsao, n.; also chdchd co- 

munid&d: — compelled labor; socage. 
ch6chd yindasd: — ^work of charity, 
chofe, V. tr.; also p6lo-palo: — to hold 

back; to divide off. 
chd^'gile, V. tr.; also ffttinas; n& 

iuyo^:— to make; to create; to 

lasnion; to fabricate; to work; to per- 
form; to do. 
ch6^gtte yan y c&nai (or c&nae):— to 

manipulate; to operate or work by 

means of the hands. 
ch6''gtUye, v. tr.; also setbe: — to serve; 

to work or perform duties for; to wait 

on. 
choxnft, V. tr.; also lulat estotba; 

inxpide; pruibe; pro jibe: — to subdue; 

to conquer; to vanquish; to forbid; to 

prevent; to prohibit; to impede; to 

obstruct. 
chomft, n.; chinemft: — abstinence; diet; 

continence; temperance. 
chonLchoxn, v. tr.; also nft-bocft; amon- 
• tona: — to heap up; to place com in 

heaps. 
chomchom, adj.; also ti tacfton; ti 

tuli^on; ti Jatmiyon: — ^impene- 
trable, 
chdme, V. tr.; also nftye: — to pour; to 

pour in. 
chonchon, n.: — nest. 
choneg, v. tr.; also anima; stlon: — to 

elate; to raise the spirits of. 
choneg, v. tr., v. %.: — to push; to thrust; 

to push away, 
chopchopy V. tr.; also maaxnas; gul- 

men: — to suck in, drop by drop; to 

sip; to imbibe in small quantities, 
chorisos, n.: — sausage. 
chotda, n.: — banana plant; also banana 

fruit, while yet green. 
chucan, v. %.: — to wallow; to roll one's 

body in the mire, 
chucan, v. tr.; also b^lembau: — to rock 

a child in the cradle; to swing; to undu- 
late. 
ohuchucd, n.: — vernacular name for a 

shore bird, the reef heron of the Pacific; 

not rarOj but wary, and hard to 



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approach; the white heron is called 

cnuchao6 ft^'paoft, the black heron is 

named chuchacd &tilo^. 
chucubite, n.; — ^name of a laige^sized 

basket, 
chuda (old expression), n.; aUo fafiu- 

d&an: — dust corner, 
chud&y V. tr.: — to pour out; to spill a 

liquid out of a vessel, 
chuea, v. tr.; apaslg^ua; n&-znaJgoiIg; 

na-d^cajat; na-quieto:— to make 

peaceful; to give pleasure to; to soften; 

to hush up. 
chugja, adv.: — even. 
chugd, V. tr.; also alimenta; na-eho- 

cho:— to feed; to nourish; to support. 
chug]d, n.: — sap; juice of trees; juice of 

fruits, etc.; pus; matter, 
chugd niyog, n.;— milk of the coconut. 
chug6 suBU, n.; leche: — milk, 
chulamcham, n.; also tattamudo; cha- 

chalaznchazn: — stammerer; stutterer. 
chtUd, V. tr.:— to get; to obtain; to pro- 
cure; to win; to gain; to acquire; to 

bring; to fetch; to go after and bring, 
chuld^guan, v. tr.; also fan-entavag:— 

to pillage; to rob; to plunder; to deprive 

by force; to despoil. 
chuld^'janau, v. tr.: — to take along, 
chuld^znagui, adv.: — ^bring hither; bring 

this way (hither; this way: — ^magui; 

gttine magui). 



chfUd pot banida, v. tr.; also chuld pot 
xnaiiae pat pot znatag6: — to assume; 
to take for granted. 

chule talc, v. tr.: — to regain; to recover 
possession of; to get back. 

chulion, adj.f adv.: — portable. 

chuznachansa, adv.: — jokingly; jest- 
ingly; jocosely. 

chumaleg, v. %.: — to grin; to smile 
broadly. 

chumaleg jajalum, v. %.; also chumaleg 
d^desdes: — to snicker; to laugh slyly; 
to giggle. 

chuTnllogg^, adj.: — ^becoming; seemly; 
propjer. 

chuniinchulO) v. tr.: — to fish; to fish with 
a dragnet. 

ehumocho-m^gaei v. tr.; also dafliS- 

ee: — ^to eat immoderately; to consume 
i;e quantities of food, 
chumupa, v. t.; also chupa tm chi- 

galo: — to smoke a cigar. 
chuffiat, 17. tr.: — to cut open an animal, 
chuot, V. %.; also padese; puti: — to 

suffer; to feel with a sense of pain. 
ohuQ^6, n.; — ^vernacular name of the 

beautiful snow-white tern, a sea bird. 
chu]^a6 adj.; chuH^ul:— grav (hair). 
chu^ui batbas, (u/;..*— gray-b^uxied. 
chupa, n.; — tobacco; cigar, 
chupoxi) adj., adv.; also b6gBion: — ^pale; 

pallid; sallow; wan (of complexion). 



D. 



dacun, n.: — liar; one addicted to lying. 

dacon, adj., adv.; also fatso; mandate; 
dadague: — false; lying. 

dacot, n.; also written dacod; also atan; 
adag: — knock; below; stroke. 

da^ot, n.; also written dacod; also atan; 
adag: — to beat on the head (truthful, 
not lying: — ti dadague). 

dadalag, n.; also cola: — tail. 

dadafia, adj., adv.; also ga mandalia; 
gagachoilg::— sociable; companion- 
able; affable. 

dadajigse, 71.;— bur; burdock. 

dadau, adfj., adv.; also calagtos; didog; 
papag6:— sharp; keen; cutting; 
pointed. 

dadeg, n.; coconut, when small and not 
larger than a betel nut. 

dadOy n.; dice. 

dafa, 71.; — local name for the parrot fish; 
has large scales and parrotlike beak; its 
color is deep green-blue. 

dafa, adj., adv.: — weak; powerless (re- 
ferring to human beings only). 

dafao, 71.; — local name for liie trouble- 
some and widely spread glueweed; the 
root is used medicinally, and is recom- 
mended as a remedy for dropsy and 
asthma. 

dagao, V. tr.; also agttet; fagas; maa- 
ch6 yuta: — to cast; to fling; to throw 
(stones': to stone. 



dague, V. %.; also fandague; dague 
fandague; tasgtte; embostero: — 
to lie; to speak falsely; to deceive. 

dagiS^as, adj.; also gasgas; catbo: — 
bala; bare. 

dago, 71.;— local name for yam; there are 
several varieties in Guam; they form 
one of the principal staples of focJd, and 
were among the provisions supplied to 
the early navigators visiting the group, 
many of whom designate them' as 
batatfiui, which has led some writers 
to the supposition that sweet potatoes 
were growing on the island before ^e 
discovery; sweet potatoes, however, 
have no vernacular name in Guam, be- 
ing called camotesy the name under 
which they are known in Mexico and 
South America; also called gadd and 
nica. 

dagua, adj.; also ataga: tininon-aozn- 
nap: — sun burned; red. 

dague, V. tr.; also fababa; esitane: — 
to bluff; to deceive; to dieat; to 
damage. 

daialae, adj., adv.; also inoa or ynos: — 
slim; thin; slender (the opposite of 
lod6, thick in circumference). 

daialaei V. tr.; also dalalaque: ejrag; 
tadttye:-"to imitate; to follow; to 
stick to some one. 

dama, ti.;— the eame of checkers. 



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d&zna^^y n.; — thumb, 
damen^go, n.: — Sunday, 
dame^gon ramos, n.;— Palm Sunday. 
damei^eon paaidxL n..* — Passion Sun- 
day; tne fifth Sunday in Lent. 
daft&, adj,. adv.; also t&iatension; 

t&iinadaje; ti yddaje: — ^inattentive; 

careless; inadvertent. 
dafi&, y. tr.; also nft-dalUt: — ^to mingle; 

to mix; to blend; to compile; to put 

together. 
daflao, V. «r.;— to damage; to hurt; to 

wound. 
danas, v. tr.: — to press out; to squeeze out. 
danche, v, tr.; aho &8od&:— to find; to 

hit upon; to meet, 
da nd an ^ v. tr.; — to call; to name; to 

knock at the door. 
dandan, v. %.; aUo dililSgdiiS^: — to play 

(music); to ring a bell. 
dfijQ^culo, adj.; zn&tdeg; eu6ftao; Ik- 

fata:— ^^iganticj huge; colossal; laige; 

splendid; magnificent; pompous. 
d4^:ctdo na ach6: — bowlder; a large 

stone. 
d&£^ulo na batcdn pat galeria: — 

terrace; large open balcony or gallery. 
d&lS^culo na lugat; also fed&; ancho; 

nmugat; ni4^giiag: — spacious; wide; 

roomy. 
d&n|^ulo na nesesid&y n.; — emergency; 

suaden necessity; strait; crisb. 
d&£^ulo tataot&oflay adj.: also lod6; 

yomog: — obese; corpulent; fat. 
dl^^e, adj., adv.: — timid; apprehen- 
sive; cowardly; scrupulous. 

, n.; also oandela: — candle. 
»8-abeja| n.; also sera; 
s: — ^beeswax. 
n.; also brea: — rosin; resin; 

da£^ui8 sera, n.; — wax candle. 

dan^lon, n.;— -Guam name for a trunk 
fisn; its body is without ribs, inclosed 
by a hard shell composed of hexagonal 
plates; has two horns in front and two 
m rear; its color on upper surface is blue, 
spotted with white. 

dan^e, v. tr.; also p&lae: — to grease; to 
smear. 

datf^on, adj.; also written da£g8o£g:— 
sticky ; glutinous ; resinous. 

~^, n.; also faohd: — slime; mud; 




ire; also yeast. 

dafLo, n.; — damage; harm; hurt; injury. 

dafLo, n.; also petjulsio; estotbo; 
moldstia: — nuisance) anything offen- 
sive, injurious, vexatious, or annoying. 

dafiosoy adj.; canitem; n&^t&ilaye: — 
mischievous; detrimental; hurtful. 

daogi 71.; also written dace: — ^local name 
for the Palo Maria (Sp.) a tree valued 
for its wood, for an aromatic gum which 
exudes from incisions made in its trunk, 
and for a medicinal oil obtained from its 
nuts; its wood is hard, strong, cross- 
grained, and very hard to split; used in 



Guam for the solid wheels of the carts 
drawn by bullocks and carabaos. 

d&aai, v. tr.; also trasquila; utot: — to 
shear; to shave; to cut off. 

d&tilis, n.; also d&tiles: — date; the fruit 
of the date palm. 

debana, v. tr.: — to cut into slices. 

debanada, n.; — thin slice. 

debatde. adv.; also batde: — gratis; gra- 
tuitously; for nothing. 

debit, adj.; also maso^og; y&fai: — 
haggard; worn and anxious in appear- 
ance; lean and hollow-eyed; infirm; 
faint; weak; puny; feeble; languid; 
wanting eneigy; depressed. 

debdtsia, v. tr; also um&yutl, diblitsia; 
deblitsia: — to divorce ; to dissolve mar- 
riage contract by legal authority. 

debosi6n, n.; also dineboto: — piety; de- 
votion. 

deboto. adj.f adv.; also religioso; 
mfnijei^iie para yuus; Jol^gue: — 
pious; reugious; devout. 

debuena bolunt&d: — willingly; of a h*ee 
will. 

debuetta, n.; also nin&lo; apas: — resti- 
tution; compensation; amends. 

declara, v. i.; also nft-claruye: — to de- 
clare. 

decreta, v. tr.; also otdena;— to decree; 
to prescribe; to ordain; to dispose. 

decreto, n.; also Jinaso; Juisio; min^J- 
nalom: — decree; sentence; judgment. 

dddego, n.; also tacon: — ^heel. 

dedsiplina, n.: — discipline; education; 
mihtary regulation. 

defecto, n.: — fault; slight offense; blem- 
ish. 

defensdt, n.; defender; protector; guard- 
ian. 

defiende, n.: — vindication; defense; sup- 
port by proof. 

defiende, v. tr.; also 8in6gtt6: — to de- 
fend; to guard; to protect; shelter. 

defiende jafana rason, v. tr.: — to allege 
to affirm; to assert. 

deflnisidn, n.; also pinil&: — definition; 
brief description. 

dego, V. i.; — to tiptoe; to raise one's self 
on the tips of the toes. 

degtteya, v. tr.: — to behead. 

de^rula, n.; also gula; sin modera- 
si6n: — intemperance; immoderation. 

deja, V. i.; also diuneja: — to crouch; to 
sit on the haimches. 

dejao, adj.; also maguem; michd: — 
poor; needy; abandoned. 

delicao, adj.^ adv.; also pacha£g: — 
tender. 

deletrea, v. tr.: — spell; to name the let- 
ters in a word consecutivelv. 

delicadesa, n.; also presision; fastidi- 
oso: — nicety; precision; fastidiousness; 
delicacy. 

delisioso, adj., adv.; also TnanfT^ul: — 
delicious; exquisite; highly pleasing to 
the senses, taste, or mind. 



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demanda 



158 



demanda, v. tr.: — ^to demand; to aek in a 
. peremptory manner. 

demandad6t, n.; also acusaddt: — 
plaintiff; one who commences a suit in 
a court of law. 

demasiftO) adj., adv.; alio sosobla; 
868obla: — superfluous; beyond meaa- 
ure. 

dem6nio, n.; also magdganite: — de- 
mon; evil spirit; devil. 

detigcot, V. tr., v. %.; also b^b^; dosu^:; 
dulug;— to peck; to stab; to pierce; to 
stick. 

dentro, adv., prep.; also Jalum; san 
jalum:— in; within^ inside. 

ddon, V. tr.; also Jofid: — to squeeze; to 
pinch; to tweak. 

dependiente, adj.; also gud papa: — sub- 
ordinate; inferior in rank, power, or po- 
sition. 

depoaita, v. tr.: — to deposit; to put into 
the bank. 

dep68ito, n.; — depot; warehouse. 

dep68iton Januzu, n.; — ^reservoir; water 
repervoir. 

depotsf ma-Jasuve, adj., adv.; also 
jaaiS&on; adrede: — designed; inten- 
tional; premeditated. 

depotsf tfiibatbas, adj.; oZso lampiflo: — 
beardless. 

depotsij^, adv.; also naturatmente; 
naturalmente (Sp.): — naturally. 

derechos, n.; also apaa; aduana: — ^fees; 
duties; customs duties; taxes. 

derechon aduanaa^n.; — customs duties; 
taxes. 

derepent^, adj., adv.; also enaiguidas: — 
abrupt; sudcien. 

deroga, r. tr.; also rebuelbe; cansela; 
n&nftlo y finijd; yulaflg:— -to abolish; 
to diminish; to revoke; to withdraw; to 
countermand; to dismiss. 

desabrido, adj., adv.; also chUtpftgo: — 
tasteless; offensive; repugnant. 

desafte, v. tr.: — to unroof (a house). 

desaguadero, n.: — sewer system; sewer- 
age (canat pat tube &nae siila man 
ma 161of an si ja anf agas pat jaf a mas 
na in&plach&). 

desampara, v. tr.; also di£g^o: — to leave 
behind; to quit; to forsake; to desert; to 
abandon; to leave. 

desa£2:gra, v. tr.: — to let blood; to tap 
blooa. 

desaparejo, r. tr.: — to unsaddle; to un- 
harness. 

desapatta, v. tr.; also dibide; pab^as; 
patte: — to separate; to sunder; to 
divide; to cut into parte. 

desaplicao, adj., adv.; also gSLgd: — ^in- 
dolent; lazy. 

desaprueba, v. tr.: — to disapprove; to 
denounce; to censure; to condemn; to 
reprove. 

desapruebao, n.;— reprobate; a profli- 
gate person. 

desareglao, n.; — disorder. 



desareglao, adj., adv.; also satfggano; 
t&imoderasion: — dissolute; licentious; 
irregular; disorderly; confused; im- 
moaerate; extravagant; intemperate. 

desase, v. tr.; deshase; also ^iilaUg^: — to 
destroy; to demolish; to ruin. 

desatento, adj., adv .; aUohruto; t&ires- 
peto; bastos: — rude; rough; inatten- 
tive; irreverent; disrespectful. 

desatiende, v. tr.; also descuida: — to 
slight; to neglect 

desbetga, v. tr.: — ^to violate; to injure. 

desca, v. tr.; also bofetada: — to box on 
the ear. 

descalintao, adj.; also majatfgiid:— 
stale; not fresh; vapid; tasteless. 

descansa, v. %.; also midgt: — ^to rest; to 
repose. 

descanso, n.; also alfbio; majgoUg:— 
relief; mitigation; alleviation. 

desoanson y didchd, n.; — ^recreation; 
amusement; refreshment after toil. 

descarao, adj., adv.; also t&imamajlau; 
s&gnat; matat£^; atotgante:— 
shameless; audacious; insolent; bold. 

descatga, v. tr.:— to unload; to dis- 
charge. 

desclaba, v. tr.: — to pull nails. 

deseo, n.; also minalaed: — choice; de- 
sire; power or right of choice; selection; 
option. 

descolorao, adj.; also b6gsion:— ghastly ; 
deathlike; pale. 

desconfiansa, n.; also suspecho: — sus- 
picion; mistrust. 

descubre, v. tr.; also n&-tu£^6: — to dis- 
cover; to disclose; to reveal; to make 
plain or evident; to explore. 

descuenta, v. tr.: — to withdraw; to 
draw off. 

descuida, n.: — ^heedlessness; carelessness; 
recklessness. 

descuida, v. tr.; also desatiende; 
chatlid: — to n^lect; to slight. 

descuidao, adj.^ adv.; also ti y6daje; 
t&ifnadaje: — madvertent; heedless; 
careless; unconscious; dejao; flojo; 
mamdlo: — slovenly; tarrying; per- 
functory; done carelessly . 

descuidao, n.; also descuida: — ^reck- 
lessness; heedlessness; carelessness. 

descuidao, conj.; descuidau; also sin 
eso; sin enau:— regardless of that; 
notwithstanding. 

desde, prep.: — from (a given time until 
now); since; hence; from this place, 
source, or time; in consequence of this. 

desde antes; also abmcun; Jagas: — 
since olden times. 

desde este , jasta : — ^from 

here to . 

desde £^anP — since when? 

desdichao, adj., adv.: — unfortunate; un- 
happy. 

desea, adj., adv.; also j&malag6; j&- 
mandesea: — ^wistful; pensive. 

desea, v. tr.; also malag6; tamS^:— to 
desire; to want; to crave; to wish. 



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desecha 



159 



dialecto 



desecha, v. tr.; also yutd or yutl:--to 
spurn; to throw away; to cast away; 
to repudiate. 

deseinbatg^, v. tr:; also desembatca: — 
to disembark. , 

desempefla, v. tr.: — to provide for; to 
care for; to unfold; to develop; to put 
in use. 

desenddnsia, n.; also t&tate: — ^issue; 
progeny; posterity (y fln&pos pat 
minalofan). 

desendiente, n.: — successor; offspring; 
patgon: — child. 

desente, adj.^ adv.; also gasgas; ho- 
nesto asentado:— decent: clean; neat; 
decorous; of proper bearing; agreeable; 
pleasing. 

desenteresaoy adj., adv.; also ti 
chatab: — unselfish; disinterested. 

desenuebe, adv.; dies y nuebe: — nine- 
teen. 

deseoso, adj,, adv.: — desirous. 

desesperaoy adj., adv.; also t&inina^- 
ga:— -desperate; hopeless. 

desfaborable, adj.: — ominous; fore- 
boding evil; inauspicious. 

desfigiira, v. tr.; also ii&-eh&tpftgo: — 
to disfigure; to deform; to distort; to 
deface. 

desflguradoy adj.: — disfigured. 

desfila, V. %.: — to pass by (speaking of a 
parade or procession passing by). 

desgr&sia, n.; also dineshonra; casua- 
lid&d; inald; acsidente: — misfor- 
tune; calamity; disaster; mbdiap: 
shame; dishonor; disgrace; accidental 
event* accident; casualty, or accident 
resulting in bodily injury or death. 

desgrasiaoy adj., adv.; also poble; ma- 
guem: — poor; needy; miserable. 

deshase, v. tr.; also yulang: — ^to de- 
stroy; to ruin; to demolish. 

deshereda, v. tr.; also axnot ni y 
her^nsia: — to disinherit. 

deshonestOi adj.: — unbecoming; im- 
pure; indecorous; indecent. 

deshonra, v. tr.; also fatso; aid; nft^ 
aid; n&-inald; nft-tdifaina: — to de- 
fame; to bring disgrace upon; to insult; 
to injure the good name; to dishonor. 

desietto, n.:— desert. 

deside, v. tr.: — to decide; to bring to an 
issue; to resolve. 

desiin&t, n.;— decimal; pertaining to or 
based upon the number 10; decimal 
fraction. 

ddsimO) adv.: — tenth. 

desinteresax), adj., oA;.;— disinterested; 
unselfish. 

desisidn, n.; also resoliisidn: — resolu^ 
lion; resolve. 

desjilachas, v. tr.: — to unravel. 

desminuye, v. tr.," — to decimate; V» de- 
stroy a large proportion of. 

desxnonta, v. tr.: — to clear (a field of 
trees or stumps}; to out down (a wood); 
to root out the forest. 

desocupao, adj.: — unoccupied; idle. 



despabila, v. tr.: — to awake to the reason. 

despacha, v. tr.; also despide: — to dis- 
charge; to disband; to dismiss; to re- 
voke; to countermand. 

desparad6t, n.; — trigger of a gun. 

desparatoi n.; also matdisito: — curse; 
oath. 

desp&aio, adj., adv.; also d'^cajat: — ^lin- 
gering; slow. 

despega, v. tr.; also faisensine: — to re- 
move; to peel (meat from the bone). 

despensa, v. tr.; also asli; nft^para; 
sotta: — to waive; to give up a claim; 
to forego. 

despetdEsia, v. tr.; also ohapun; chala- 
pun; nft^fali£go: — ^to squander; to 
waste; to scatter; to destroy. 

despetdisiao. adj., adv.: — squandering; 
lavish; prooigal. 

despetdfsio, n.: — lavishness; prodigal- 
ity; squandering. 

desprebenido, aaj.; also ti-preparao; ti 
llUsto: — ^unprepared; not ready. 

desprdsia, v. tr.; also i£g:uin: i^^en: — 
to disdain; to censure; to deprecate. 

despresiable, adj., adv.; also totpe: — 
disgraceful; dissolute. 

despresiao, adj., adv.; also t&gpap&; 
taisetbe: — ^base; abject; vile; mean- 
spirited. 

despresiao, adj., adv.: — mean-spirited; 
base; abject; vile. 

desprdsio, n.; also linetgue; finijd 
mattrato; insutto; butla; minefea; 
xnofa: — contempt; disdain; scorn; 
abuse; invective. 

despues, adj.: — subsequent; after; next. 

despues, adv.; also entonses: — there- 
upon; thereafter; afterwards; then. 

desquita, v. tr.; also binefS^a: — to re- 
taliate; to return by giving lie for like. 

destempla, v. tr., v. i.;-*-to get out of 
tune (referring to a musical instrument) . 

destilado, v. tr.: — to banish; to expel 
from the country. 

destilado, n.: — outcast; one who is 
driven or cast out; an exile. 

destilipasy v. tr.: — to gut; to eviscerate. 

destina, v. tr.; also detetmina; n&- 
j&nao; J&nao; fam&uleg: — to direct; 
to designate; to conclude; to determine; 
to destine; to order. 

destinao, adj., adv.: — ^fateful; possessing 
fatal powers; fatal. 

destine, n.; — fate; destiny. 

destotniyad6t, n.;-^crew driver. 

destrosa, v. tr.; also n&-faling:o: — to 
annihilate; to destroy. 

detetmina, v. tr.: — to determine; to 
direct; to destine. 

detiene, v. tr.; also retatda; ii&- 
atrasao: — to bold back; to keep; to 
postpone; to retard. 

di&l^lo; magf&aniti, n.: — devil. 

di^cono, 71.;— deacon. 

dialecto, n.;— dialect; idiom; the pe- 
culiar manner in which a language is 
spoken in a district. 



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diamante 



160 



difi^o 



diamante, n.: — diamond. 

di&znetro. n.; also inanchon y sft- 
culo: — duuneter. 

di&rio, adj., arfv.;— daily; occurring each 
succeeeive day. 

dibe, n.: — debt; that which is due from 
one person to another; also cuenta; 
factura: — ^invoice; bill; score; account. 

dibe, V. t.; also xnan-dibe: — to be in debt. 

dibe, adj.: — due; owed or owing; payable. 

dibetsidn, n.; — diversion; enter- 
tainment.. 

dibettido, adj., adv.; also na^mag^f; 
magof; najoiSg:— cheerful; delighted; 



joyous; merry; gay. 
dibit- ' ■ 



bide, V. tr.; also desapatta: — ^to sever; 
to sunder; to divide; to separate. 

dibidiyon, adj., (wfv.;— -divisible; partible. 

dibino, n.; also 8abid6t: — diviner; for- 
tune teller. 

dibiBi6n, n.; also fin&cai; maf&oal: — 
division; partition. 

dibujo, n.; also piano: — plan; drawing; 
sketch. 

dioha, n.; also suette: — luck; casual 
event or accident. 

diohoso, adj.y adv.; also felfs; fottunao; 
gudfoaga: — lucky; blessed; fortunate; 
successful. 

dicaionario, n.: — dictionary; vocabu- 
lary. 

dicta, V. tr.: — to dictate; to prescribe. 

dicta, V. %.: — to express orally words to be 
taken down in writing. 

dldefiende, n.; also guigogiie: — me- 
diator; advocate. 

dldescubre, adj., adv.; also grasioBo: — 
inventive; witty; ingenious; clever. 

y dldeshonra, n.; deiuaonrad6t; calum- 
niad6t; enredad6t: — slanderer; ca- 
lumniator; rq\dler. 

dldibe, v. tr.; also dibe: — to owe; to be 
indebted; to be in debt. 

dldidd, adj., adv.; also cana ti najoiS^: — 
scant; scarcely sufficient; little; not 
much. 

dldina^, n.: — parasite; sponj^er. 

y dldinje^ n.;— guidance; direction. 

didog, adj., adv.: — precip>itate; steep. 

didog, n.: — steep aeclivity; almost per- 
pendicular slope. 

didog agagaHa, adj.; also agaga: — 
scarlet; of a bright red color. 

didog Jinasofia, adj., adv.; also luchd: — 
acute; ingenious; sensible. 

diente, n.; — tooth; prong. 

dies, adv.: — ten. 

dies afios siguido, n.: — decade; ten 
consecutive years. 

diestro cunialamten, adj., adv.; also 
graaioso; luchd; ingenioso; listo 
man Jaso; gust man inbenta: — ^in- 
genious; inventive; clever. 

dieta, n.: — diet. 

dif er6nsia, n . : — difference . 

diferente, adj.: — other; different; con- 
trary. 



diferentes, adj.; also taiachai^tia; ti 
umaya; distinto: — various; different; 
diverse. 

dificuttad, n.; also minapot^— difficulty. 

diles, V. tr.; also iguec — to surpass; to 
excel; to overtop. 

dfltlltf^, n.: — handle; hook; ring; ear. 

dflilltfg, V. tr.: — to carry siispended from 
the hand. 

dllog, adv.; also dumilog: — ^upside down. 

diloj^, v. tr.; also baja; tecon: — to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down; to 
tilt. 

dUfibio, n.: — deluge; inundation. 

dime, V. i.: — to bend the knees; to kneel. 

dinague, n.; also mandague; dague; 
diiuigue; i>adagdag; finababa: — lie; 
deceit; denial. 

dinaglEg^as, n.: — bald spot on the head. 

dinfilalag, n.; — imitation; also ineyag: — 
education. 

dinamo electri8id&, n.; — electric dy- 
namo. 

dinaoa, n.; — mixture; blend. 

dinaflai, n.; also baaio: — siding; turnout 
on the road. 

dina£g^ulo, n.; also guinatbo; mina- 
lag: — splendor; pomp; magnificence. 

dinanche, adj.; also mauleg; Justo; 
magajet: — right; just; truthful; cor- 
rect; fit; true. 

dinasai-maquiniya, v. tr.: — to clip; to 
cut with the shears or scissors. 

dinebit, n.; also linache: — failing; a 
fault; weakness; imperfection. 

dineclara, n.; also dedarasidn: — decla- 
ration; assertion; publication. 

dinecd, n.: — growth; increase; progress. 

dinemanda, n.; also queja: — suit; proc- 
ess at law. 

dinemd, n.; — a blow with the fist; a cuff. 

dineiSgdoiSg, n.; also gotpe: — ^blow; 
stroke; knock. 

dineposita, v. tr.; also resetba; nina- 
sam&ue:— to reserve; to keep in store; 
to hold back. 

dinesanima, adj.: — dejected; depressed; 
gloomy. 

dinescansa, n.; also taichdchd; osioso: 
ease; leisure; freedom from occupation. 

dinescuida, n.; also dinesatiende: — 
slight; neglect; oversight. 

dinesente, n.:— -decorum. 

dineshonra, n.; also desgrasia: — phame; 
dishonor; dif^j^race. 

dineshonra, v. tr.: — ^to dishonor; to 
bring shame upon the character of; to 
di.sgrace; to shame. 

dinesminuye, n.; also nirebaja: — ^re- 
duction; diminution. 

diH^a, n.: — twins; double. 

di£^a, n.; also ramas: — branch; bough; 
twig. 

y dijS^a dos chalan, n.: — crossroads. 

di£go, V. tr.; also abandona; desam- 
para: — to abandon; to leave; to quit; 
to leave behind; to forsake; to desert. 



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di^ 



161 



dogdog 



di£g:o, V. %.; also fapos: — to go away; to 

depart; to run away. 
di£g:o, adj.; also dejao; abandonao; 

maditifi^o: — ^left; abandoned: poor, 
dinetetmina, n.; also detetmiiuuudn: — 

determination; decision: intention. 
dinibHtBia, n.; also yinitt:— divorce; 

dissolution of marriage by legal au- 
thority. 
dinichoBo, n.; also b&tsaxno; quinen- 

suela; minagoiSg: — balm, 
dinichoso, n.;— blessedness, 
dinigrido. od;..'— livid; black and blue; 

ashy pale. 
diiiimem6ria, v. tr.;— to recite; to repeat 

aloud from memory, 
dinira, n.; also minaog; xuinesligon: — 

duration; endurance^ continuation, 
dinira, v. %.: — to continue; to endure; to 

last; to abide, 
diplom&tico'y n.: — diplomat, 
dfquiquty adj., adv.;— little; minute; 

small; petty; trifling, 
dlquiqiit mefgd na fruta na-g&e- 

pepitas, n.; tinegchft:— berry, 
dlauiqut na atbol, n.;— brush; thicket; 

snruDbery. 
dlq^uiqut na aiudi, n.;— town; a collec- 
tion of houses larger than a village, 
directo, adj.; also tunas:— direct; 

straight; open; plain, 
dirije, v. tr.; also chachalane; iknS/- 

gtte: — to 1^; to guide; to instruct; to 

teach. 
dirije pat maneja 7 batco, v. tr.; also 

na-zn&ya: — to navigate; to steer or 

manage a boat; to sau. 
dirlte, v. %.; also n&-lagd:— to melt; to 

fuse; to dissolve, 
diritiyony adj., adv.; also pulfton: — 

soluble; dissolvable. 
disabridOy n.; also dinesabrido: — ^unsa- 

voriness; tastelessness; insipidity, 
dinanima, v. tr.: — to depress the spirits 

of; to dishearten; to deject, 
disatiende, v. tr.; also chabft; nft- 

para: — to snub; to treat with designed 

contempt, 
disatma, v. tr.: — to disarm; to deprive of 

arms; to subdue, 
disoubre, v. tr. (see descubre); also 

fontan: — to discover; to disclose; to 

reveal, 
discutpa. V. tr.: — to exculpate; to excuse; 

to justify; to clear of blame; to establish 

as right or just, 
discutso, n.; also orasidn; chinchuld: 

chinchuli; cuentos: — oration; a formal 

public spcHBch. 
disflgura, v. tr. (see desflgura): — to dis- 
figure. 
dis^usta, V. tr.; also n&-tiniagof: — to 

disgust; to offend the moral sense of. 
disgustao. n.; also indson; linayd: — 

nausea; disgust; aversion. 
disgusto, n.; also minapot: — chagrin; 

indignation; quarrel; obstacle; diffi- 
culty; vexation. 



diaieinbre, n.; — December. 

diaimula, v. tr.; also n&-atog; n&^ 

lijidg*: — ^to feign; to hide; to conceal; to 

keep secret; to dissemble, 
disipulo, n.; also estudiante: ma- 

nulS|:d: — scholar; student; pupil, 
disminuye, v. tr.; also n&-c&yad&: — to 

mitigate; to alleviate, 
disocupao^ n.:— desolation; destruction; 

ruin; afliiction. 
dispabilao, n.; — tact; discernment and 

skill in speech and deportment. 
dispara, v. tr.; also paque: — ^to fire a gun. 
disparateria, n.; cuso blasfdmia: — 

blasphemy, 
dispensa, v. tr.: — to excuse; to exculpate, 
dispensa, n.: — dispensation; exculpa- 
tion, 
dispensa, n.: — storage room; pantry, 
dispone, v, tr., v. i.: — to prepare; to 

make ready; to dispose; to arrange; to 

order. 
disposisi6n, n.; also tinagd; fin&- 

m&ule^; regla; otden: — order; com- 
mand; injunction; rule, 
dist&nsia, n.; also in&chagd: — distance 

between two places. 
distijS^ey adj., adv.; also written dis- 

tif[|^gue: — distinct; separate; differ- 
ent. 
distijSgguido, adj., adv.; also afanxao: — 

famous; distinguished. 
distintoy adj.: — distinctive; individual, 
distraido, adi.y adv.; also j&malefa: — 

absent-minded; distracted, 
distrito, n.: — district; territorial divi- 
sion, region, or tract of country. 
dobla, V. tr.: — to bend; to curve; to 

make crooked; tecon: — ^to fold over; 

to bend the knee, 
dobladan-mckeago, n.: — crease; mark 

made by folding, 
doble, adj. J adv.:— double; twofold; two 

of a sort. 
deed, V. %.; also mafiuso; l&chog:— to 

grow; to increase in stature; to thrive; 

to flourish; to shoot forth; to sprout, 
dochon, V. %.: — to penetrate (needle, 

splinter, etc.). 
dochon eui tand, adj.; also ogan: — 

Xund; stranded (ship). 
tn nainatan, v. i.; also atan fijo: — 
to stare; to look sharply. 

dodag, n.: — ^thimble. . 

doga, n.: — shoe, made of coarse leather; 
also sand&lias: — sandals. 

ddgas, n.; d6ogas; also carac6t; 
lasas: — shell. 

dogdog, n.; also written du^ug: — 
vernacular in Guam for the celebrated 
breadfruit tree, bearing an oval fruit 
about the size 01 a small melon; the fruit 
at first is green, becoming brownish when 
imperfectly ripe, and yellow when fully 
so; it is eaten before it becomes ripe, 
and is either boiled or baked in ovens, 
or it is cut in slices and fried like pota- 
toes; a kind of biscuit is also made by 



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dogilgos 



182 



eoseptnao 



drying the fried slices in the sun or in 
ovens; this lasts from one bread- 
fruit season to another; the tree also 
yields tapa, a native cloth, and a glue 
and calking are obtained from the viscid 
milky juice exuding copiously from in- 
cisions made in the stem; the tai>a, or 
cloth, manufactured from the inner 
bark, is no longer made in Guam; the 
tree grows everywhere on the island, 
in the woods, on rocky cliffs, and in 
low, sandy soil; it is the chief source of 
timber and gum; there are two varie- 
ties, the do^o^ (or doffdug) and the 
l^mae; the frmt of nie former is 
seldom eaten, it being inferior to that 
of the l^xnae; the seeds, however, 
called iuu%c&, are rich in oil and are 
relished by the natives; horses and 
cattle are very fond of the leaves and 
the bark, ancl young trees have to be 
protected from them; when pasture is 
scarce breadfruit leaves are gathered 
and fed to the stock; the fruit is so 
abundant that it is fed to cattle, horses, 
and pigs. (Safford.) 

AofS^OBy adj.^ adv.; also testa: — ^bumt; 
dry; barren. 

dolei V. %.; also uzniya: — to humble one's 
self. 

domina, v. tr., v. t.; also m&ease; 
gdje: — to govern; to rule; to domi- 
nate. 

dond, n.; also pimienta: — pepper; 
Smnish pepper. 

doi^-dong, v. tr.; also julat; tutu: — to 
beat; to pound. 

donaeya, n.; — maid; maiden. 

dorao, adj.;— gilded; gold-plated; gilt. 

dos, adv.: — two. 

dose, adv.: — twelve. 

dosientos (dos adentos), adv.: — ^two 
hundred. 

dosug[, V. tr.; also detigcot: Jumalum: — 
to pierce; to stab; to stick; to sting. 

dote, n.;— dower. 

dreya, n.: — dredge. 



dreya, v. tr.: — ^to dredge; to clean out and 
deepen with a dredge. 

dtUkn, n.: — ^wart; bud. 

duda, n./ also jinecura; j6cu&: — doubt; 
uncertainty of mind. 

duda, V. i.; also buebuente: — to ques- 
tion; to doubt; to hesitate. 

dudog, V. tr.: — to gird around; to buckle 
on. 

dudoso, adj., adv.; also jum^oiUl; jum^- 
jecu&: — doubtful; dubious; question- 
able; undecided; undetermined. 

dudoso, n.; also suspechoso:— distrust; 
want of confidence, faith, or reliance. 

dudus, adj., adv.; also bonita; paohu- 
chaffi;; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 
of girls); beautiful; handsome. 

duelio, n.; also tata; &saina: — lord; 
master; owner. 

dujendes, n.; also f&fAnftglie; plan- 
tasma:— ghost: spook. 

dulalag, V. tr.; also destilado:— to drive 
out; to expel; to exile; to banish; 
ffana: — ^to overcome; to vanquish; to 
defeat; petsigue: — ^to disperse; to per- 
secute; to drive away. 

dulili, n.:— name generally applied to all 
the shore birds of Guam by tne natives; 
snipe. 

dulog, V. tr.; also taladra; dulu^ sdsd; 
detigcot: — ^to bore; to bore throug^i; to 
pierce through. 

du mafia, v. tr.: — to include; to inclose; 
to comprise. 

dumalSgculo, v. %.: — ^to swell; to expand; 
to enlarge. 

dunxesoaxada, v. %.; also bumastos; 
buxnaranoa: — to flaunt; to behave im- 
pudently. 

dumimalas, v. tr.: — to fail; to be want- 
ing; to forsake. 

dura, V. %.; also saga; swSgon; 
suiEgun: — to abide; to continue; to 
endure; to last. 

durable, adj.; also petmanente; fijo; 
fitme: — lasting; durable; permanent. 

durante, prep.; also &nai: anae; mien- 
tras:— -during; while; when (time). 



E. 



6bab&, adj., adv.: — low; manso; 

umitde: — ^humble; lowly. 
ebang^lio, n.; also ebanj^lio: — gospel. 
ebita^ r. tr.; also letque: — to evade; to 

avoid (sin); to turn out of the way. 
dcajat, adj., adv.; also despasio: — 

lin<?ering; slow, 
ecajat, v. tr.; also cajat: — to hunt; to 

pursue game, 
^alag, adj., adv.; also jalag; escaso; 

apenas: — seldom; scarce; not plentiful; 

seldom met with; a few times; rare, 
echoflg, adj., adv.; also dclau: — ^beat; 

curved; crooked; inclined to do wrong; 

forbidden; tOicd; inechong: — anoma- 
lous; irregular. 



eoho£g£ia, n.; also c&laguag: — side; 

part. 
ecnoiSgui, adv.; also fi^uaja naij cada 

rato: — once in a whue; a few times, 
^chung, V. tr.; also n4-6chulSg; n&- 

gadum: — to distract; to perplex; to 

confuse; to bewilder. 
eosacto^ adj., adv.; also liter&t: — ^literal; 

following the exact words; exact, 
ecsamlna, v. tr.: — to test; to make a trial 

of; to examine, 
ecsamlna t&lo, v. tr.; also rebista; 

repasa; rebisa: — to reexamine; to look 

back; to review. 
ecseptuao, adj.; also ecseptao:- 

cepted; free. 



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ScwSj^og, V. tr.: — to heed ; to regard with 
care; to pay careful attention; to listen. 

4cul^ucon» adj.; also juiSgucon; 
ecul^ucon:— audible; capable of be- 
ing heard. 

•edft, n.: — soil; the top stratum of the 
earth's surface; land; dirt. 

«d&dy n.; — age (from Latin letas). 

edas, n.; also satgue: — stage; platform. 

•edo (f&-edo); v. tr.:— to light the fire. 

«duca. V. tr.; also fan&^gile; nft-eyag: — 
to educate; to impart knowledge. 

«duca8i6n, n.; also ineyag; fln&n- 
^^g\ie :— ^education. 

•efectos, n.; — ^waree. 

^g&g&y V. tr.; also reconose; rebista; 
fat6igtte:— to inspect; to overlook; to 
control; to search; to view; to visit. 

^g&g&i V. tr., V. X.; also aUgau: — ^to seek; 
to lay to find; to be in quest of. 

«guel^, adj.. adv.; also eguii!^; uxne- 
gnel^: — aslant; awry; sloping; ob- 
lique. . " 

«^e£|^» n.; also inegueiSg:— slant; an 
inclined plane. 

4g\ieB, V. tr.; also gtt^Bgttes; guagse:— 
to scrape; to scratch; to scour; to rub; 
to brusn; to shave. 

«gui]i|^, V. %.: — to lay on the side. 

^giiijaxx, v.tr.jV. %.: — to fish; to go fishing. 

ejo, n.; — axis of the wagon. 

ejecutibo, n.: — executive; administra- 
tive branch of the government. 

ejemplo, n.; — sample; example; parable. 

ejemplo, n.; — episode; an incident. 

eietsfsio, v. tr.:— to drill (soldiers). 

eietsita, v.tr.; a29o ejetse: — to exercise. 

ej^tsito, n.; also millsia: — army; host. 

eJoH^ui, adj.; also ti areglao; ti pot 
otden: — ^irregular. 

elije, V, tr.; also nombra; f&naan; 
8a£gBn; ayeg:— to elect; to name; to 
appoint. 

embajaddt, n.; — ambassador. 

embatca, v. tr.; also mat&dae gui saj- 
yan ma atmoneda: — to embark. 

embatga, v. tr.: — to confiscate; to sell at 
auction. 

embelec^uero, n.; also gagd; gft-luin&- 
yau: — idler; sluggard; good-for-nothing 
fellow; loafer. 

embeste, v. tr.: — ^to remonstrate; to ex- 
postulate. 

embeste, v. tr., v. %.; also y&uyau; ju- 
matBamiento; jatsamiento: — to re- 
bel; to munity; to revolt; to assail; to 
seize; to attack. 

embididBa, adj., adv.; also latga; 6g0: — 
envious; jealous; grudging. 

embosoada, n.; also liniguef : — ambush. 

embudo, n.; — funnel. 

eznbutiye. v. tr.: — to do inlaid work; to 
do raised or embossed work. 

«mbutiye, v. tr.: — to do inlaid work; to 
do embossed work. 

emog, n.; also inexnog; l>elSgga]i8a; 
be^ga: — vengeance; revenge; retri- 
bution. 



eznog, V. tr. — ^to avenge; to exact retri- 
bution for; to revenge. 

empas, v. tr.; also nft^^famaule^; 
apase: — to reconcile; to atone^ to expi- 
ate; to make reparation; to give satis- 
faction; to pay. 

empd) adv.; also medio; lamita:— half. 

empd, n.; also pedaso: — part; piece; 
something less than the whole. 

exnpefla, v. %.: — to take pains; to en- 
deavor; to try. 

empefla, v. tr., v. %.: — to lease; to let by 
contract. 

empefLao, adj., adv.; also empefloao: — 
ardent; eager; zealous. 

empeHo, n.: — energy; eagerness; zeal. 

empefloBo, adj., adv.: — eager; zeaR)U8; 
emulous; ardent; energetic; strong. 

emperad6t, n.; — emperor. 

empetuosoy adj., adv.; also nft^ubo; 
nalidald: — ^irritable; effervescent; im- 
petuous. 

empeya, adj., adv.; also mantica: — 
greasy; fat. 

emplea, v.tr.; also inbierte; inbiette: — 
to spend time; to occupy; to invest; to 
make an investment of money (ex., I 
invested my money in business: — ^Ju 
inbiette (emplea) y salapdjo gtii 
negdsio (cometaio). 

empleo, n.; also offsio; pec&: — office. 

empleo pUblico, adj., adv.; also ptiblico; 
oflai&t:— official. 

6nafi:ttl ! inter j.; also di ! di& 1 dia]& ! atan- 
j&T— look! see there! 

enamoraoy p. j>.: — enamored, smitten; 
in love. 

6nau, adj., pron.: — yon; yonder; that. 

enbano, adv.; also taiguailaye: — in 
vain; to no purpose; fniitlessly; un- 
necessarily. 

en bes de, prep.; also en lug&t de; 
cuentan: — instead of; in place of. 

encaja, i*. tr.; also engatsa; juohom: — 
to inclose; to incase; to frame. 

encajes, n.; also botdao: — embroidery; 
lace. 

encanta, v. tr.: — to enrapture; to overjoy; 
to fill with ecstasy. 

encatga, v. tr.; also comisiona: — to 
order; to manage; to bespeak; to give 
order for. 

encatgao, n.: — tenure; term of holding; 
custodian; caretaker. 

encatgao. p. p.: — ordered; appointed; 
arranged. 

enoatgo, n.: — commission; disposition; 
office. 

enemigo, n.; also achatlidmo; aohata- 
tanmo; contrfixie: — enemy; oppo- 
nent; adversiary. 

enero, n.: — January. 

engafio, n.; also finababa: inacacha- 
tndsi6n: — ^imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception. 

engatsa, v. tr.; also oriyaye: — to border; 
to encompass; to inclose. 



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escoplo 



efficola, V. tr.; alio f&gase:— to waah; to 

cleanse. 
eiSggrudo, n.; also goma; cola:— paste; 

mucilage. 
6£^iiM^ adj.; also vritten eiSgiMlSfr; 

aUo inj^grato; ti confotme: — thank- 
less; untrue; ungrateful. 
6£guid^6, V. i.:— to 8ni£f; to snuffle; to 

snuff. 
enimigo, n.; also written enemigo: — foe; 

personal enemy, 
enjiniero, n.: — engineer, 
en lugat de, prep.; also cuenta; en bes 

de; cuentan: — instead of; in place of. 
enmienda, v. %.; also refotma; xAAkr 

asentado: — to reform; to make better; 

to correct, 
end, n.: — ^blanket; covering, 
enramada, n.; also sagayan: — arbor; 

bower, 
enredaddty n.: — calumniator; reviler; 

slanderer, 
enredosy n.; also inad&: — aspersion; 

slander; defamation. 
ensalada, n.: — salad, 
ensatta, v. tr.; also Jotne y jaguja: — ^to 

pass a thread through the eye of a 

needle; to draw through, 
ensattoy n.: — row (referring to a fence), 
ensaya, n.; — trial; attempt, 
ensaya, i;. tr.: — to try. 
ensaya y canta, n.; — musical rehearsal, 
ensayo, v. tr.: — to attempt; to try; to re- 
hearse; also tienta; chague; taii&: — ^to 

taste food, 
enseguidas, adj., adv.; also dere- 

pente: — abrupt; sudden, 
enseguidas, adv.; also ti — abmam: — 

for^with; immediately ; without delay; 

at once; soon; quickly; directly, 
enseguidas na niretrato, n.: — snap- 
shot; instantaneous photograph. 
ensegiiidas na inatan, n.; also ch6t- 

116: — glimpse; a transient view, 
enseguidas que, conj.; also asi que: — as 

soon as; so soon as. 
ensenada, 71.; — cove; bay; inlet, 
ensina, n.: — plum tree. 
fotald, prep.; also entre: — amid; 

among; oetween. 
entaltle, v. i.; also umentald; atro- 

peya; mete: — to interfere; to oppose; 

to meddle; to act as mediator. 
entayag, n.: — thief, 
entenada, n.; — stqjdaughter. 
entenado, n.: — stepson, 
enteramente, adj.^ adv.; also cabales; 

entero: — complete; entire; total; full; 

ready; prepared, 
entero, adj.^ adv.; also tftigtteco: — 

solid; not hollow, 
entiero, n.: — ^burial; funeral, 
entonses, adv.; also despues: — then; 

thereupon; thereafter; afterwards. 
entrada, n.; — entry; foreroom; also 

jinalom: — ^the act of entering, 
entre, prep.; also nu: — ^through; with; 

of. 



entrega, v. tr.; also rentknsia; rinde: — 
to surrender; tQ cede; to resign; to 
submit; to yield. 

entrega, n.; a2«o saoriflca: — sacrifice. 

entrega, v. tr.; also man otrese as 
THus: — ^to make an offering to God; to 
sacrifice. 

entrepulao, adj.: — miscellaneous; pro- 
miscuous. 

entretanto, adv.; also mientras tan^ 
to: — ^in the meantime; however; mean- 
while. 

entre y nasidn sija: — international (be- 
tween many nations). 

6papft, adj., adv.; also tftgpapft; 6ba- 
bi: — ^low. 

epid6mia, n.; also peste: — scourge; 
epidemic; pest; plague. 

epilepsia, n.; also repot:— ^pilepv. 

eplato, n.; also plate; bandeja: — 
salver; plate. 

6poca, n.:— epoch. 

epog, v. tr.: — to persuade; to entice. 

epog, V. tr.: — ^to persuade; to move the 
heart. 

equibocasi6n, n.; also linache: — error; 
misunderstanding. 

^alao, n.; also inagalSfr; also tvritten 
6salau:— shouting; yelnng; clamor. 

6saIao,a(/;.,cu/t;.; oIsoIcbub: £^ttS^t; 
af&gas: — ^hoarse. 

6salau, v. i.: — to yell very loudly; to yell 
one's self hoarse. 

escabeche, v. tr.: — ^to pickle; to pre- 
serve. 

escaletrio, v. %.; also fugo; gdgululu- 
fugo: — to shiver; to have a cnill; to 
freeze. 

escalefrio, n.; — shudder; cold shiver. 

escama, n.; also gdnaf: — scurf; scales 
(on the skin). 

escandalo, n.; also linalald; tin&ibo- 
luntad; tin&iminagof: — scandal; op- ^ 
probrium; defamation; disgrace; an- 
ger; bitterness; ill will; vexation. 

escandaloso, adj., adv.; ciZso ch&tpayon; 
petbetso: — infamous; wicked; prof- 
ligate. 

escapa, v. %.: — to run away; to escape (a 
danger). 

escapulario, n.; — scapulary; monastic 
habit. 

escaso, n.; also nesesita; malagd; 
finatta: — want; deficiency; defeat. 

esccMO, adj., adv.; also Jasan; rare: — 
rare; unusual. 

escaso, adj., adv.: — unusual; scarce. 

escatlatina, n.: — scarlet fever. 

escatmina, v. tr.: — to husk cotton. 

escena, n.: — scene; the time, place, or 
circumstance, in which anything occurs. 

esdabittid, n.: — slavery. 

esdabo, n.;— slave; human being held in 
bondage. 

escoba, n.: — ^broom. . 

esoopeta, n.; also paquen petdegdn: — 
shotgun. 

escoplo, n.; — chisel. 



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est6magO' 



escribientey n.; also titugut: — writer, 

clerk; penman; one who writes. 
esorapuloBO, aaj.^ adv.: — scrupulous^ 
esorupuloBO, aaj,, adv.; also pinal&lala; 

ItUujan oli&ohatjinaso: — anxious; 

scrupulous. 
e8cuaar6n, n.;— squadron, 
escuela, n.:~school. 
eaoultdr, n.; also written e8cutt6t: — 

sculptor, 
escusa, n.; also falagtliyun: — excuse; 

evasion; expedient; pretense. 
escuaa, v, tr.; also dispensa: — to excuse; 

to exculpate, 
esf ero, n.; also inadamelotfj^: — sphere; 

a globe or globular body, 
daita y V. i.; also esitane: — to joke; to 

amuse one's self. 
eait&ne, v. tr.; also fftbaba; da^e:— to 

bluff; to deceive, 
esmero, n.; also empeflo; quinimpli- 

do: — zeal; eagerness; diligence. 
espada, n.; also sable: — sword; saber, 
espanta, v. tr.; also sugon: — to scare 

away; to frighten off. 
espantao, adj.; also lujan: — scared, 
espanto, n.; also linanlan: — ^fright; 

a sudden violent fear; alarm; threat. 
esp&fdo conj.; pot esp&aio de : — 

while; during the time that, 
espedimdn, n.; — expedition. 
espeJoB, n.; — mirror; looking-glass, 
espeque, n.: — ^lever; crowbar, 
esperimentao. adj.; also practice; 

payon: — skilled; experiencea; versed, 
ei^dsia, n.; also pin&upau; xninan- 

nS^d: — spice; relisn. 
espesi&t, adj.j adv.; also otro:— peculiar; 

appropriate; individual; special, 
espesialxnente, adv.;also Buin&8aj£gu#; 

also written 8U2n68ajiSg:ui: — specially; 

particularly; in particular. 
espia, r. tr.: — to reconnoiter; to spy; to 

watch; to contemplate, 
espia, n.: — spy. 

e8i>ia8i6xi, n.; also inempas: — repara- 
tion; expiation, 
espinaao, n.; — backbone; spine; nape; 

the back of the neck; tong^jo: — the 

neck, 
espiniya, n.:— shank, 
eepfritu, n.;— spirit; the soul. 
eBpiritu6t, adj.; also lyon esplritu: — 

spiritual, 
esplica, t;. tr.; also p\il&; nft-manana; 

nft-gaagaa: — to explain; to make clear; 

to expound. 
esplica, v. tr.; also sa^g^an: — to relate; to 

tell; to describe, 
eaplicaye, v. tr.; also traduse; eafig^a- 

niye: — to interpret; to translate, 
dspolon, n.: — the spur of the fighting 

cock. 
espox^Ja, n.; — sponge, 
esposiaidn, n.: — exposition, 
espoao, n.: — ^husband; a married man. 
en>re8a, v. tr.: — to express; to exhibit by 

language. 



erouelas, v. tr.:— to give the spurs (to the 
horse). 

espuelas, n.: — spurs ^of the rider). 

espuxna, n.; also boan: — scimn; foam;^ 
froth. 

eaquina, n.; — comer (of a building). 

eatal interj.; also yestal — ready! 

establese, v. tr.; also introduse; aregla; 
planta: — ^to introduce; to Inaugurate; 
to establish. 

estableslinieiitoy n.:-— establishment;, 
place of business. 

estaca, n.; also Jotcon; palo:— «take; 
post; pole; pale. 

estado, n.; also estao: — state; condition; 
territory. 

^tagrtUI inter;.:— here! see! (the Latin 
ecce!). 

esta listo, adj., adv.; also monjayan: — 
ready; finished; complete. 

estampa, n.; also l&mina; plancha;^ 
litrato: — picture. 

estandatte, n.; also bandera: — stand- 
ard; flag. 

estalSgca, v. tr.; also n&-para; presa: — 
to stem; to resist; to check; to dam. 

estafio, n.; also estafLuye, v.: — tin. 

estao, n.: — condition; state (of being). 

estasidnbombaxi janum, n.;-— pumping 
station. 

estaaiones, n.; — seasons of the year (y 
tiempo rija gui sacan). 

este, aaj.f pron.: — this. 

este; gliine, adv.: — ^here; in this place. 

este znaguiy adv.: — hither; to this place. 

este magoi nfii: — in this direction (in 
the direction of the speaker). 

este niin&, conj.: — for this reason. . 

estensibo, adj., adv.: — extensive. 

estensidn, n.: — extension; act or state of 
extending. 

esterit, adj.; also a£&ld na od&: — sterile; 
barren; producing Tittle or no crops. 

estiende, v. tr.; also nft-m&guag; n&^ 
dfifi^ulo: — to extend; to expand; to 
enlarge. 

estila, 71.; also fanestilayan: — vessel for 
distillation; alembic. 

estila, V. tr..*— to distill. 

estilo, n.; also znoda: — fashion; conven- 
tional custom of dress. 

estima, v. tr.; also n&-tagajld: — to ad- 
mire; to regard with strong approval; 
respeta; jai-e: — to respect; to honor; 
to esteem. 

estima, n.; also respeto; inestinia: — 
respect; regard; esteem; deference. 

estima, adj.; also xnarespeta; maesti- 
ma: — esteemed; respected; highly re- 
garded. 

estimao, adj.; also mlmarespeta: — re- 
spected; highly regarded; esteemed. 

estdra, v. tr.: — to spread out; to stretch 
out; to unfold a measuring rule. 

esti^as, n.; also jWe: — splinter; splint; 
chip; small piece. 

estola, n.: — priestly stole. 

estiSmago, n.; also tuyan: — stomach. 



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f&faiot 



«8t6ria, n.: — anecdote. 

estorian desgrft^'sia, n.; — tragedy. 

estotba, v. tr.: — to prevent; to impede; 
to hinder; to obstruct. 

estotbo, n.; also ixnpedimento: — im- 
pediment; obstruction; obstacle; hin- 
drance. 

-estotbo gui obalan: also gadon: — ob- 
stacle in the way while driving. 

estotbo, n.; also dafio; petjul&o; mo- 
168tia: — nuisance; anything offensive, 
injurious, or annoying. 

•estranjero, n.; aUo t4otao juyolig: — 
stranger; emigrant; foreigner; alien. 

-estrafio, adj.^ adv.: — strange; belonging 
to another country; unusiud. 

'estrena, v, tr.; also tutujoxi^ flTiftnana 
na biaje; tutujon: to initiate; to use 
for the first time. 

estreyas, n.; — star; also poached egg. 

•eBtreyas taai, n.: — starfish; sea star. 

estribo, n.: — stirrup. 

^estricto, adj.^ adv.; also ti-UUlache: — 
accurate; precise; exact; strict. 



estropea, v. tr.; also utot; nll-inajSl^oo; 
nll-chdtaii: — to cripple; to maim. 

esttidia, v. tr.; also eyag: — ^to study; to 
imitate; to learn. 

estudiante, n.; also coleale; dia^ulo; 
manu^gd: — student; scholar; pupil. 

esttidion t&taotao, n.: — anatomy. 

estufao, n.; also guinisa: — stew; gou- 
lash. 

ete, V. tr.; also pacha; yuma: — to touch; 
to perceive by feeling. 

d''ti]iliSg:o, adj.; also ti tomtom: — ^im- 
prudent; unwise. 

y el mas magu&iya, n.; also j maiabo- 
rdrese: — ^favorite; bosom child. 

etmitano, n.: — ^hermit. 

etnon, v. tr.; also fan-etnon: n&- 
etnon: — to collect; to assemble; to 
combine; to unite; to join. 

6togo, adj.; also pachacate: — small (in 
growth). 

eyag, v. tr.; also estddia: — to learn; to 
study; to imitate. 

eyug, n.: — ^pain (from thrust wound). 



F. 



fa&il&, v. tr,; also so^e; quejaye: — to 

bring suit; to complain before the court; 

to accuse, 
fft-andl, V. %.; also tuna: — to flatter; to 

fawn on; to wheedle, 
fa&fkau, adj. J adv.; also tAimaftflaii; 

t&iUfiao : — ^fearless, 
f&baba, v. tr.; also dague; esitane: — to 

defraud; to cheat; to deceive; to dupe, 
fftbabayon^ adj.: — gullible; capable of 

being easily deceived. 
i&-bola y jiio, v. i.; also falulun: — to 

wind up a thread (to make a ball from 

thread). 
faborable, cm/;., adv.: — ^favorable; aus- 

gicious; well-disposed. 
orese, v. tr.; (Uso proteje; ayuda: — 

to favor; to patronize; to aid; to protect, 
faborito, n.; — minion; favorite. 
fab6t, n.; also finaborese; gr&sia: — 

favor; protection; patronage; Kindness; 

grace. 
f&brioa, n.; also faotoria: — ^factory, 
f&brican &i8, n.: — ^ice plant; ice manu- 
factory. 
f&brican canded electri8id&, n.: — 

electric-light plant. 
f&b\ila, n.: — ^fable; a short fictitious 

narrative. 
flcae, n.; also patte: — share; a portion or 

part; a <part allotted to one. 
f&cae. v. tr.; also pattida; patte; n&e: — 

to snare; to participate; to divide; to 

make into parts. 
f&oanate, v. tr.: — to dig a channel or 

gutter. 
fachada, n.: — ^front; facade. 
fH-chalan, v. tr.; also ch&gua: — to make 

room. 
fa^hS, n.. — mire; mud; slime; also yeast. 



faohd, n.; also sesonyan: — ^bog; tract of 

wet, spongy ground. 
faohd, n.: — clay; loam. 
faohdchd, v. tr.f v. %.; also nft-calaxn- 

ten: — to toil; to work; to labor; to 

operate. 
fa^dchiie, v. %.; also apul&i; moxnu 

aguaguate: — ^to struggle; to strive 

hard; to labor earnestly. 
fadalSg, n.: — name of a low, palmlike 

tree, abundant in Guam (the Spanish 
'Federico); both the fruit and the 

starchy pith of the trunk are utilized 

for food, 
f&e, n.; also pugaa: — ^rice (not hulled); 

Jinegsft:— nee (cooked). 
faet, <S;.: — salty (sea water). 
f&fftbaba, n.; also ohegld; palachA; 

tramposo: — swindler; rogue; humbug; 

fraud; sham; impostor; trickster, 
f&f&baba, adj.; also ti man-Jo^gue; 

ti jenggue; infiSt; ti fi6t: — infidel; 

unbelievinc;; uneodly; wicked. 
f&f&baba. aaj.; also traiddt:— faithless; 

unfaithtul; treacherous. 
f&faborese, adj.f adv.; also yafila man 

nke f&bot: fafatpai: — obliging; pleas- 
ing; agreeaole. 
f&fachdohd, adj.y adv.; also buen- 

muohaoho: — industrious; laborious; 

hard working. 
f&fachdchd ni met&t sijar, n.: — smith; 

worker in metals. 
f&faichanag, n.; also n& chatgiiiya: — 

despiser. 
f&falan, n.: — buyer, 
f&falago, n.; — ^runner; one who ruiw; 

racer, 
f&falot, n.;— lantern bearer. 



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f&fftfiagtle, n.; also fantasma; plan- 

tasma; dujendes: — spook; gho^t. 
f&fftpus. adj.y adv.; aUojiiocog: — tranei- 

tory; neeting; periflhable. 
f&fftta, adj.: — magnificent; splendid; 

pompous, 
f uatpai, adj. , adv.: — pleasing; agreeable ; 

obliging, 
f&fatquilo, adj.; aUo ^uieto: — silent; 

close; kept secret; taciturn; peaceful, 
fafayifla, adj., adv.; also Jug^ayon: — 

ambidextrous (todoJ& Ja Jmat uma- 

tiende; todoja 7 dos oanaifafayifLa). 
fagas, V. tr.: — to throw; to stone, 
f ftgase, V. tr.; also eiSgcola: — to cleanse; 

to wash. 
fagoh&, V. %.; also suette: — to be lucky; 

to be successful. 
fa^:chfti, V. tr.; also sodft; Jentan: — to 

tind; to discover. 
fagxuata, v. tr.; also yftjo: — to wake up; 

to awake. 
fag6, n.; also lan^tiite: — name of a 

forest tree of medium size; the fine- 
grained yellow wood is sometimes used 

for making furniture; it does not soon 

decay and resists the attacks of insects, 

but is not strong, 
fagpd,!;. t.; a^o nft-para: — to finish; to 

stop; to cease. 
fagte, v. tr.: — to collect (rainwater in 

receptacles or reservoirs). 
f aichanag, v . tr. : — to despise ; to slander, 
faichanag; v. tr.; also fajiyufig; ch&t- 

euai^: — to despise; to slander; to 

distam. 
faichdchiie, v. tr.; also gana; 8od&: — 

to earn; to acquire; to procure by 

effort, 
f&ilft, n.; also noti8ia| notifLoasidn; 

finafiilft: — notice; notification; report, 
failftmnnl, v, tr,; also fft-UUnon: — to 

estimate; to consider; to calculate, 
failajye pumund, v. tr., v. %.: — murder; 

to commit a murder, 
failajye, v. tr.; also fftbaba; traidute: — 

to betray; to be untrue to. 
failajye, adj.: — deceitful; cunning. 
fiSieRj adj., adv.; c&caleg; ma&gsoin: 

acid; bitter; *)ur. 
f aininug, v. %,: — to act the spy; to spy. 
f&isen, V. tr., v. %.; also aberfgua; 

g&gau: — to ask; to interrogate; to 

3ue8tion; to warn; to give notice of 
anger. 

faisensine, v. tr.; also despega: — to re- 
move; to peel off (meat from the bone). 

faja, n.; — to girdle; belt for the waist; 
sling. 

fajan, v. tr.: — to purchase; to get for a 
price; to buy. 

f ajanon, adj. : — purchasable ; for sale . 

fft-Janum, v. %.: to melt. 

falategy adj.: — prohibited. 

f alag, V. tr.; also Janao: — to go to . 

falagOy V. %.; also malago: — to escape; 
to run away; to flee. 

falago I inter;.:— hurry! hurry up! 



falagufiijon, v. tr.; also uxnesoapa: — to 

slip away; to steal away; to escape. 
falagUijrun, n.; also escusa; falagtti- 

yon: — excuse; evasion; expedient; 

pretense. 
falilSg^o, V. tr.. v. i.: — to lose; to go 

astray; to be lost; to go to the bad; to 

disappear. 
falo, n.; also lexnog: — ^pestle; rammer; 

beetle. 
falot, n.: — lantern, 
falulon, t;: tr.; also afuyut; balutan: — 

to infold; to wrap up; to swathe; to 

curl up; to roll together; to coQ up. 
fazna, n.; also minleg na n&an:— fame; 

reputation; m&nleg masajSgto-fia: — 

gcKxi reputation, 
fama, v. tr.; also tuna: — to laud; to 

praise highly; to extol, 
famaftyan, n.: — ^rice field. 
faznA-ohenchon, v. tr.; also ohinen* 

chon: — to build a nest, 
faznaichdohd, v. %.: — to take pains; to- 

exert one's sialf ; to try; to endeavor, 
famaguiyan, n.;— field rich with game, 
famalefa. adj., adv.; also J&malefa: — 

forgetful; oblivious; liable to be for- 
gotten. 
famao, adj.: — laudable; commendable, 
famaquiyan, n.; also bianco: — trifle 

range; target. 
famastuyan, n.; also paste; flnA''* 

joya: — meadow; pasture land; land 

yielding hay. 
ffiunatquilo, v. i.; also p&cao&: — to keep 

silent; to say nothing. 
f&-m&uleg, V. tr.: — to make reparation; 

to give satisfaction; to expiate; also 

nft-tunas; n&-ga8gas: — ^to settle a 

loan; to arrange; to set in order; to try 

on. 
fftm&uleg, t*. tr.; also alifia; f&mauli- 

que: — to put in order; to remedy; to 

prepare, 
famegud, v. %.; also fegud; famooat: — 

to tread; to step; to go on. 
famflia, n.; also t&otao sija: — ^family; 

folk; people in general, 
famocat, v. i.; also um&disapatta; 

J&naa; sigue: — to depart; to move; to 

walk; to leave, 
famoso, adj., adv.; also balente; ma- 

tat£ga: — brave; mighty; powerful; 

strong; gatbo: bonito; manjulat: — 

splendid; brilliant; famous; magnifi- 
cent. 
fftniont6n, v. tr.; also nft-etnon; amon- 

tona: — to accumulate; to amass; to 

store up. 
famt&, V. tr.; also nft-Juyu£g: — to pro- 
duce; to bring forth; to create; to propa- 
gate. 
fan&, V. i.; also &fan&: — to withstand ; to 

turn against; to look some one sharply 

in the face, 
f&n&an, v. tr.; also n&-glUn&an; n&- 

gaen&an: — to denominate: to name; 

to call. 



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fata 



ianachiiaa, n.; — etone qiiany. 

faliada, V. tr.: — to lay eggs. 

lafiaM, V. tr.; aUo na-luTu:^: — to give 

birth to; to bring fortn; to b^. 
ikni/^e^ V. tr.: — to teach; to instruct; 



-to menace; to 



to give instruction to. 

f&n&'^e, V. tr., v, i.: 
threaten. 

f&n&^fflle nl m6uleff; aUo nH-eya^f: — 
to ea ifv ; axninasa; f ftft&^e : — to scare ; 
to frignten; to strike with sudden ter- 
ror; nll-inftaziao; joiS^aiig chaoha- 
lane; dirije: — to lead; to guide. 

f&nftgiiiyon, adi.: — docile; easy to teach; 
tractable; easuy managed. 

fanalftan, n.; aUo fan anj^lilan:— drying 
space. 

fanall^ayan, n.; aUo a£^a:— an- 
choring grounds. 

fanapiUm, n.; dUo banoon adelSg; 
apd:— footstool. 

fa-fiaque, v. tr.: — ^to thieve; to rob. 

fanasun cabayo, n.: — Litter; straw, etc., 
used for bedding of horses, etc. 

failata-anan, n.; aUo fanuchanan: — 
rainy season. 

f anatugan, n.; also atog: — hiding place. 

fan balaja, v. tr.: — to play ; to play cards. 

f anbenaduyan, n.: — nela rich with deer. 

f andafig^go, n.: — marriage feast; wedding 
feast. 

f andaiigguero, n.; also pr6dieo; g&sta- 
dot:— spendthrift; lover; gallant. 

fan descanBayan, n.: — resting place. 

fan-entayag, v. tr.; also chuid^guan; 
axnot: — to rob; to plunder; to deprive 
by force. 

fan-escuela, v. i.: — to go to school. 

fanestilayan, n.; — distilling plant. 

fan-etnon, v. i.; also etnon: — to com- 
bine; to unite; to join. 

fafietnot, v. tr.; also nft-fafietnot; nft- 
ohetnudan: — to wound; to hurt; to 
damage. 

fanfaohian, n.; also atasca; fanataa- 
cayan; fache: — puddle; mudpuddle; 
body of stagnant water. 

fanfd;^ V. tr.; also itilSg:; joca:— to pluck; 
to pick off; to gather. 

fangachaan, n.; also f6feeu6: gachft; 
gagach&; suelas: — the sole of the foot. 

f^gajatan, n.; also m&uleg na fa£g:a- 
Jatan: — good hunting ground. 

fan^ana, n.; also guinana:— triumph; 
victory; conquest. 

fai^aniutiyan, n.: — potato field. 

fan^alilan, n.; also g^uald: — field; plan- 
tation; plowed ground; estate; prop- 
erty. 

fanguiminaTi, n.; also fanguiniman: — 
drinking place. 

fanguftpe, v. tr.; also guftpe; siunena; 
sena: — to sup; to eat suppjer. 

fan-igue, v. %.: — to distinguish one's self. 

fanilen tasi, n.: — flying fish. 

fanijen taai, n.; — ^vernacular for the 
sea bat; name applied to an eagle ray. 
with fins developed like two broaa 



wings, and a long flexible tail armed 
with a separate spine; color of thia fish 
on top is Dlue, spotted with white. 

faniji, n.: — ^bat; flying dog. 

fanlaM, v. t.;— to take root. 

fanjaluman, n.: — ^passage; sieve; filter; 
imet; also paaaje: — ^passage. 

fan liji£gan, n.; also lije^i — refuge; 
place of retreat; asylum. 

fan lodugan, n.; also oatdero:— steam 
boiler. 

fan maigftan manog, n.; — ^roost; the 
pole or perch upon which a number of 
fowl rest at night. 

f anm al of anan, n.; also paso; fanfft- 
pusan:— step; passage. 

fan matayan, aaj.: — vital; mortal; essen- 
tial. 

fan-neg6sio, v. %.: — to trade; to carry 
on commerce; to bargain. 

fandl6an, n.; also babad6t: — slavering 
bib. 

fandl6an, n.; also fangudjan; ben- 
tana: — window. 

fandmagan, n.; also bafio; tina para 
umdmag: — ^bathtub . 

fafiomnagan, n.: — summer; a season of 
the year; also tiempon m&ipe: — 
warm time; berano somnag: — dry 
season. 

fafiot-dayan, n.; also xnonchon chot- 
da: — banana plantation. 

fafiotsot, V. tr.; also repenta; pmni- 
nite; mumafLotsot: — to rue; to be 
sorry for; to regret; to repent. 

fanpromesa, v. tr., v. i.: — to promise. 

fansaga^an, n.; also aposento: — 
habitation. 

fantasioso, n.; also balenten pachot; 
banidoso: — braggart; boaster; swag- 
gerer. 

fansagayan seguro, n.; also puetton 
seguro:— haven; place of shelter and 
safety. 

fan udianan, adj.: — rainy season. 

fafiudftan, n.: — d,ust comer. 

f&nile, V. tr.; also written t&ntd: — ^to 
demonstrate; to evince; to prove; to 
show; also indica; na-jaso; tan- 
chile: — ^to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint. 

fafiugd, V. i.: — to fester; to suppurate. 

fanupuyan, n.; also tupo: — sugar-cane 
plantation. 

fanyuttan, n.; also yutl: — dung pit. 

fftpos, V. i.: — to go away; to depart; to 
run away; also di£^: — to outdo; to 
overstep. 

fasalug, n.; also fin&salug; maiot: — 
defile; narrow pass. 

faso, 71.: — cheek. 

fastidiofio. adj.: — dainty; choice; de- 
licious; fastidious. 

fastidioBO, n.; also delicadesa; presi- 
8i6n: — nicety; precision; fastidious 
delicacy. 

fata, V. tr.: — to expose to view; to ex- 
hibit; to display; to boast. 



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iat&oihoa, V. %,: — to seat one'e self, 
fatftcho^l imp.; also tftcholigl — sit 

down! 
fatddn, n.; also cola:— burden; large 

pack; lap; flap; train (of a skirt), 
ifttinas, V. tr.; also ikiyjujo^y chd^- 

ffiie:— to make; to create: to fashion; to 

nibricate; to do; to build; to mold; to 

execute, 
f fttinas dalio, v. tr.; n&-puti: — ^to hurt; to 

do harm to. 
ffttixiason, at^,, adv.; also ti fajateg; 

poaible: — ^practicable; possible, 
fatniaoia, n.; — ^pharmacy; drug store, 
fate, 17. %.; also jftiiQ^ue: — ^to appear; to 

make appearance; to arrive. 
fat6ijg(ie, v. tr.; also 6g&gft; biaita:— to 

visit; to inspect; to overlook; to control; 

to search; to view; to call, 
f&tpai, V. tr.: — to do homage to; to honor, 
fatquiluve, v. tr.; also famatquilo; 

fatquilo: — ^to keep secret; to be silent 

about; to suppress, 
fa trinohera, v. tr.; also graba: — to 

intrench; to dig in. 
fatoifloa, v. tr.: also fftbaba: — to falsify; 

to forge, 
fatso, adj.f adv.: — isAae; unreal; not 

genuine, 
fatso, n.; — delusion; imposition, 
fatso, V. tr.; also deshonra: — to defame; 

to brin^ disgrace upon; to insult; to 

injure tne good name; to dishonor, 
fatta, n.; also injtiria; ataque: — offense; 

injiiry; Sfisault; error; breach; violation, 
fatta, V. tr.; also abag^: — to err; to commit 

an error; to lack; to be destitute of; to 

be in want of. 
fatta, V. i.: — to lack; to be in need; to 

want, 
fattista, n.; — truant^ absentee from 

school without permission, 
faye, adj.^ adv.; also mltdtanos; sftbio; 

tomtom; listo; malatt: — prudent; 

sa^cious; sly; crafty; learned; wise; 

skillful; educated, 
fe, n.; also amist&; grttin&iya; linelSg:- 

pie: — fidelity; int^rity; loyalty; re- 
liability. 
iebrero, n.: — February. 
fecha, n.; — date; the time of a letter or 

transaction. 
iedos, V. %.; also ohaicague; lotde: — to 

scramble: to clamber with nands and 

feet; to climb, 
fegud, V. %.; also mamegud; mamooat; 

pocat: — to step; to go on; to tread, 
fegud, n.; also rastroi-^vestige; track; a 

mark left in passing, 
feeud, n.;— track. 
fep:ian, adj., adv.; also fuetsao; lalald; 

tenjos; fijom; arebatao; im- 

petuoso: — vehement; violent; furious; 

irritable; effervescent; passionate; im- 
petuous, 
feifs, adj., adv.; also afottunao: — ^fortu- 
nate; wealthy; opulent; lucky; happy; 

prosperous. 



f elis biaje I irUerj.; also adids I— farewell ! 

may vou fare well I may you prosper ! 
felisidad, n.; also minagof : — happiness; 

bliss, 
felisita, v. tr.: — to wish happiness to; to 

congratulate, 
fensd, n.; also siembra; pepitas; 

semiya: — seed; stone; kernel (of fruits, 

etc.). 
f ero-carf t, n.; also flero carf t: — railroad ; 

railroad train. 
flad6t, n.;— guarantor; surety, 
fiansa, n.; also fLnia: — warranty; bail; 

security. 
fiesta, n.; aho gupot: — ^feast; sumptuous 

repast; festival, 
faitoful, adj.: — true; loyal, 
fiet, adj,, adv,; also ti tr& traidute; ti- 

f fixftbaoa: — ^faithful ; true; loyal ; hearty; 

cordial; sincere. 

an, V. %.: — to glow* to radiate heat and 

ight; to shine witn intense heat (ex., 

glowing coals), 
figan, n.; — ^fish roe. 
flgd, adj.f adv.: — ^tough; tenacious, 
figues, V. tr^; also gaoh&; matca: — to 

stamp; to crush; to impress, 
figura, n.: also silLat; modelon: — type; 

emblem; sign or figure; model, 
figuran, adj.: — typical; figurative, 
fieuran gftgrft para 6coao, n.:— decay; 

lure; stratagem. 
fignran mata, n.: — ^feature ; outline; char- 
acteristic, 
fieurfn, n.; — patterns (for seamstresses); 

fashion pictures, 
fijo, adj., adv.: also t&iquinalamten; ti 

na calfiuntiyon; fitme: — ^immovable; 

fixed; unchanging. 
fljo, adj., adv.: cUso siempre fljo:— sure; 

certain; secure; invariable; constant; 

stable, 
flla, V. i : — to file. 
flla, n : also in&tattiye: — series; line; 

row. 
filae, n ; also coleta; aqueyd: — trees; 

pmit; braid, 
filag, V. tr.: — ^to braid the hair (or a rope), 
fllo, n.: — edge; cutting edge (of a knife), 
fin, n.; also nnagpd; minagpd; minag- 

tus: — end; conclusion; finish, 
finftbaba, n.; also inacacha; traisidn; 

engafio:— imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception, 
fin&oaba. n.; also txinamposo: tin6s- 

fi;ile; linipa: — swindling; cheating; 

knavery; deception, 
finftbaba, v. %.: — to catch; to cheat; to 

befool, 
finftbaba gui nilid, n.; also t&tand: — 

glamour; fascination, 
finaborese, n.; also fab6t:— protection; 

patronage; favor, 
finaborese, v. tr.: — to oblige; to render a 

favor to; to gratify. 
fln&oai, n.; also maf&cai; dibisi6n: — 

division; partition. 
fin& chalan, n.; also oayon: — ^road. 



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fluftHlend, n.; also satsa; qu61ag1iin: — 
sauce; condiment. 

flnagpd, n.: — conclusion; finish; end. 

fln&gii&gsald, n.; also bajia; booana: — 
bay; tasi: — sea. 

fln&gu&ffsaloe, n.; aZio gukgualog: — 
pass; oefile; low ground. 

mailajye, n.; also tiinaidute:— tzeaaon; 
trick. 

fiaftlBen, n.; al90 ouesti6n: — question; 
query. 

finalan n.; — ^purchase. 

Analag^umjoxiy n..* — slip; the act of slip- 
ping; an oversight or omission; indis- 
cretion. 

flnalin^, n.; also minafag: — ^bank- 
ruptcy. 

finatulon, n.; also roUo; royo:— roll. 

flnftmamea, n.: — confectionery; sweet- 
meats; cakes. 

finftTTiftuleg, n.; also otden; tinagrd; 
reela; disposiBi6n: — order; conmiand; 
injunction; rule. 

flnftrnliuleg, v. tr.: — to care for; to pro- 
vide for; to set at work; to prove by 
one's action; to develop; to unfold; to 
put in use. 

flnftmJiuleg, n.; also ninAmftuleg; ina^ 
delanta; ainibe: — ^improvement; pi- 
ndlo; ^ilinaja: — stock; store. 

flnamtft, n.; also fottalesa: — ^fertility; 
fecundity. 

finanft, v. %,: — ^to confront by witnesses. 

ftn&n&gue. n.; also ineyag; educa^ 
8i6n: — education. 

fka&riJlSLy n.; also minftlag: — glare; bright, 
dazzling light. 

finanue, n.; also finanuo; prueba: — 
proof. 

fLnata, n.; — exhibition. 

finatai, n.: — death; hour of death. 

fin&tinas, n.; also acaidn: — work; act; 
action; deed. 

finato, n.: — arrival. 

finatq uilo, n.: — silence; absence of 
souna. 

ftnaye, n.: — gift of wisdom. 

finayi, n.: — dexterity; manual skill. 

fined&, n.; also incuicho: — width. 

finen^ndr, n.; — summary (of contents) 
(mand^dididd y min^g^ae). 

finejman, n.; also fSiette; jinilat; 
fuetsa; minetgot:— strength; force; 
power; vigor. 

ftnd^nana, adv.: — ^first. 

find^nana, adi.^ adv.: — former; preceding 
in time or place; first mentioned. 

find^nana mafaflago, n.; also prime- 
risa: — first birth; primogeniture. 

y find^'nana na patg'on: — ^first-bom. 

finette, n.; also fuetsa; ninftnifja; 
zninets^ot: — power; strength; vigor; 
force. 

finia, n.; also inasegura: — bail; security; 
warranty. 

finilag, n.; also tinifog: — basketwork; 
braided wor'.i. 

fininut, n.; also manojo: — bundle. 



fine, adj.; also manao; suabe:— gentle: 
refined in manner and disposition; 
exquisite; delicate; nice; dainty. 

find, n.; also idioma; flnijd: — Slanguage; 
the speech of one race as distinguished 
from that of another. 

find antes: — old time (ancient) manner 
of speech or expression. 

find jaya, n.: — the Chamorro language 
(litersdly, the language of the south, as 
against find lago, the language of the 
north, meaning the Spanish language). 

fio, adj.. adv.; also p&^gogoja:— actual. 

Hon, adv.; also fm non; canton; oxi- 
yan: — ^beside; in the proximity of; near 
to. 

Hon guafe, n.;— fireside; the hearth; do- 
mestic life and comfort. 

fitma, V. tr.: — to sign. 

fitma, n..- — signature. 

fitme, adi.j aav.; (zZ«o majetog; potfiao; 
tiso: — ^hard; firm; fanst; strong; inflexi- 
ble; rigid; stiff; unbending. 

fiun, adj.; aiso oriya; otro; prdcsixno: — 
next. 

fianela, n.; also laniya:— flannel; shirt. 

fi&uta, n.; — flute. 

flautista, n.;— flute player. 

flecha, n.: — arrow. 

flecha, V. tr.; also paque: — ^to fire upon; 
to shoot at. 

flete, n.; also catgamento: — ^freigjit. 

flojo, adj., adv.; aUo fiabft; calo; descui- 
dao: — relaxed; flabby; soft; loose; 
slack; slovenly; tarrying; loitering; re- 
miss; negligent. 

floreroy n.; — urn; a round vessel. 

floras, n.; — flower; bud. 

pocat, V. %.; also famocat: — to move; to 
walk; to leave; to depart; to go. 

foda, adj.y adv.; also obtuso; t&ipunta; 
fiafid: — obtuse; dull. 

fofo, V. i.i — to snort {ex., the steer). 

fdfdnal irUerj.; also siguel — go ahead! 
forward I 

fogon, n.: — stove. 

fogon, n.; also jotno: — ^hearth; baking 
oven; kitchen range; stove. 

fogonero, n.: — stoker; fireman. 

fog^e, V. tr.: — to milk (a cow). 

fomjd, n.; — local name of a coral fish; 
small and flat, resembling a sunfish; 
several varieties are found, with differ- 
ent markings. 

fdna, V. i.: — to go on ahead. 

fondo, n.; also basa; yap&pap&: — base; 
foundation. 

fondon-tase, n.;^-the bottom (of the 
sea); sea bottom. 

fofign&, V. tr.; also t^sgiie: — to make 
smaller; to make into smaller change (a 

' sum of money); to shorten; to dainage; 
to cheat. 

fonjayan, v. tr.: — to finish: to complete. 

fondgrafo, n.: — phonograpn. 

fontan, v. tr.; also discubre: — to dis- 
cover; to disclose; to reveal. 

fonton, V. %.: — to belch; to eructate. 



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gadbo 



forastero, adj.^ also estrafio: — ^foreign; 
strange. 

f6tforos, n.; alio maches: — ^match; a 
lucifer. 

fot^n, adj.: — ^wet; damp; moist. 

fotgon, aaj.; also l^a^zi; magaem; 
timido:— moist; humid; damp (pre- 
venting an object from burning}. 

fotma, v. tr.: — to form; to shape. 

fotxnasidn, n.; — ^formation; that which 
is formed, or the act of formation. 

fotm&t, aaj. J adv.: — grave; serious; se- 
date; sober; earnest; formal; precise; 
according to rule. 

fotnido, adj.f adv.; also xnalnot: met- 
got; fuetsudo:— sturdy; stuboy; ro- 
bust. 

fotografia, n.: — ^photo^phv. 

fottalesa, n.: — ^fecundity; fertility; also 
gneat; n6tbio:— nerve; fiber; sinew; 
tendon; vein. 

fotte, adj.y adv.; also fuette; xnasa- 
Jegat; metgot; robuato; fuetsu- 
do: — ^robust; strong; vigorous. 

fottuna, n.: — ^fortune; luck; good for- 
tune. 

fottunao, adj.f adv.; also fells; dicho- 
so: — Plucky; blessed; fortunate; suc- 
cessful. 

foyulSgy v. %.; also written foyolig: — to 
throw one's self to the ground. 

fr&goa, n . : — smithery ; blacksmith 's 
shop. 

franco, adj.: — candid; honest; out- 
spoken. 

fraaquera, v. «r.;— to frank; to send 
post-paid. 

frasco, n.; also boteya: — ^flask; bottle. 

frase, n.; — ^phrase; a part of a sentence. 

freno, n.: — curb; rein: bridle. 

fresco, adj.^ adv.; also sagud; ffusl; 
malatd: — smart^ poignant; sharp; 
clever; accomplished; refreshing, cool; 
fresh. 

friJ6n, v. tr.: — ^to question; to quiz. 



£ri6n, n.; also caduco; t&isentido: 
t6itixu^[|^: — fool; a person devoid oi 
reason or intelligence; idiot; snob; a 
vulgar person who apes gentility. 

trionera, n.; also binaba: — ^folly; want 
of understanding. 

fruzueona, t;. tr.: — to talk silly; to talk 
twaddle. 

frutos, n.; also tineech&: — ^fruit. 

fuera de, adv.; also san jiyo^g; 
t&igtte: — out; without; except; out- 
side of. 

fuera de tiexnpo, adj.: — untimely. 

fuetsa, n.; atso quinalamten; ines- 
tira:— strain; effort. 

fuetsa, n.; also sisifia; autorid&d; 
minetgot: — might; power; authority; 
force. 

fuetsao, adj.f adv.; also obligao: — com- 
pulsory; involuntary. 

fuette, adj.^ adv.; also fotte; masa- 
jegat: — ^vigorous; robust; strong. 

fueyes, n.;— bellows. 

fugo, V. i.; also gtigululufugo; esca- 
lefrio: — to shiver; to have a chill (in 
a fever attack); to freeze. 

fug6, V. tr.: — to press out; to squeeze out. 

fuffo, n.; — chiU m fever attack; squeeze. 

fujut, V. <r.:— to bind lightly; to put a 
slender hoop around a barrel. 

fuld, V. i.; also um&fuld: — ^to wrestle. 

fu2niad6t, v. tr.; also cuentaye: — to 
stand security for; to bail; to warrant. 

fuxniga, v. tr.; also &sgtte:— to fumigate; 
to smoke. 

fumitme, v. %.; also manjald: — to be- 
come strong; to take root. 

fonas, V. tr.: — to eradicate; to erase; to 
rub out; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to. 

funas, V. %.: — to fade; to lose color; to 
languish; to wither. 

funda, n.; — cover; pillowcase. 

fundamento, adj.^ adv.: — ^fundamental; 
basic; essential; primary. 

funut, V. tr.; also gode: — to bind; to. 
fasten; to tie on. 



G. 



gabe, V. tr.: — to cut (with one stroke). 
g&-cariso, n.; also gft-pfao: — the only 

song bird of Guam, a reed warbler; has a 

sone of exquisite sweetness. 
gaoha, V. tr.: — to injure; to hurt; to kick 

(with the feet): also oprime; Jofid: — to 

suppress; to subdue; to crush; figues; 

matca: — to stamp; to crush. 
gach&, V. tr.fV. %.; also tao&; agara: — to 

attain; to reach; to seize (with the 

hand); to grasp. 
gaoh&, n.; also fangach&an; ^gachft; 

f^feeud; suelas:— sole (of the foot). 
^ohal, n.; also acha: — ax. 
g&chdi, V. tr.f V. %.: — to reach; to grasp. 

4662—18 12 



gftcho^, n.; also ma-goflie; abog: — 
companion ; comrade ; associate ; partner; 
friend. 

g^cho^, n.; also coxnpafiero: — ^fellow- 
ship; association; society. 

gftcho£|^&&ijon, V. tr.; also esg&ijon: — 
to escort; to accompany. 

gftcumuentos, n.: — babbler. 

g&cumuentos, oaf;.:— garrulous; verbose. 

g&dk, adj.; also inat& ^opposite of 
masa): — unripe; uncooked; green. 

g&dao, n.; also eadas: — name of a fish; a 
grouper, with leopard-like spots. 

gadbo, adj. J adv.; also written gatbo, 
which see: — fine; handsome; fair; genteel. 



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g&-mam&i86n 



gade, V. i.: — to fish (at night with a net). 

gadd, V. i.: — to get caught (cc., dress 
caught on a nail). 

gad6, n.; — local name for the spiny or 
wild yam; forms an important food 
staple in November, after the bread- 
fruit has gone and before the sweet 
potatoes are ready for digging. 

gadon, v.tr.; also cocas:— to complicate; 
to involve; to entangle. 

gadon, adj.; also in&-jal6c&; com- 
plicao:— entangled; confused; intri- 
cate; complicated; dense. 

gafau, n.; also written gafao: — ^local 
name for the Melastomay a low hairy 
brush growing on the coast; it ib 
injurious to chickens, and they can not 
be raised where it grows. 

gaf 6, n.; — coconut, when entirely ripened . 

gafua, V. tr.; also gapot; g^uot: — to pack. 

gk^g^yU.: — animal: vermin ;uisect8; pests. 

g^^f t>. I.; — to cnatter; to gabble. 

g^g^ gaponulo, n.; also Juto:— louse. 

g^Lgk m6tai, n.; y buin6bela ^ 
m&tai: — death watch; a vigil beside 
the dead person. 

gikgik taigtuji yp&^agpag, n.;— beetle. 

g&gao, V. tr., V. i.; also solisita: — to 
solicit; to canvas; to entreat. 

g&gao cuentas; also written g&gau 
cuentaa: — to call to account; to hold 
an accounting. 

g&gau, V. tr.; also nesesita: — to require; 
to lay claim to. 

g&g&u, V. %.; also f&isen: — to ask alms; 
to beg; to ask. 

g&gau ast-i, v. t.; — to apologize; to ex- 
press regret. 

gagna, adj., adv.: patriotic. 

gago,n.; — local name for the Polynesian 
iron wood; a leafless tree resemDling a 
pine; its wood, heavy, hard, and strong, 
18 excellent for fuel, but is scarcely at 
all utilized in Guam. 

gag6, n.; also embelequero; gftlu- 
mftyau:— idler ; sluggard; good-for- 
nothing fellow; loafer. 

gagd, n.: — sloth; idleness; habitual indo- 
lence. 

gagd, adj., adv.; also t&iquinalamten: — 
ini >^ent; lazy; shiftless; improvident. 

gagd, V. %.; also guxnagd: — to lounge; to 
saunter about in a lazy maimer. 

g&^ot, n..* — flint stone. 

gai, V. tr.; also guaja: — to have. 

g&ianimo, v, tr.: — to defy; to challenge; 
to resist openly; to dare; to have cour- 
age; to attempt. 

g&ianimo I inter j.: — ^have courage! 

g&iasagua, p. p.; also casao; imiaaa- 
^^ua: — marriea. 

g&iasii, V. i.; also pinite: — to pity; to 
have compassion; to commiserate; to 
deplore. 

g&ibale, v. tr.: — to be worth. 

g&ibatbas, adj.: — bearded. 

g&ibittud, adj., adv.; also maaiso:— 
strong; energetic. 



giicolot, adj., adv.; also xnfcolot:— gay- 
colored; many-colored. 

g&idefectOyOcf;. , adv.; also tidinanche: — 
incorrect; faidty. 

g&ifachd. adj.y adv.; also n&asgozi; &pla- 
ch4:— Kiirty; soiled; impure; foul. 

giiflgura, adj.: — figuratively spoken; 
shapely; well built. 

giigananaia, adj.^ adv.: — ^profitable. 

giiffue, adj.: — ^present; here (opposite of 
tUgue, absent). 

gftigae gui fonao, acf;.:— sunken; lying 
on the Dottom of the sea. 

g&i gUine, (ufv.;— herein; in this. 

g&iiiao, n.; also znan-faao; fisao: — 
debtor; sinner. 

g&iiaao nl dUg^culo, n.;— felon; one 
guilty of felony. 

gaijetdaiii adj., adv.: — vegatious; iric- 
some. 

g&ijinaso, adj., adv.; also manntfg^go: — 
sensible; reasonable. 

giijinaso, v. tr.: — to employ reason. 

g&i Juznatsamiento, adj., adv.:— rehel- 
lious; mutinous. 

gftilugiftt, n.; also ocasi6n; opottuni- 
d&d: — occasion; opportunity. 

giinixLHsifia, adj.; also ffu6f-ilo: — able. 

g&iprobecho, adj., adv.; also probe- 
cnoso: — ^useful; profitable; serviceable. 

g&iproducto, adj.; also adelantao: — 
flourishing; prosperous; thriving. 

giirason, adj., adv.; also raaonable: — 
reasonable: sensible. 

gftisabot, adj.: — ^palatable; savory; agree- 
able to the taste. 

g&isensia, n.; also a^naia cozntin: — 
gumption; common sense. 

gaisustansia, adj., adv.; also impot- 
tante: — significant; expressive. 

g4iuttimo,<M(;.,(M/t;.;-— peremptory; posi- 
tive; final; decisive. 

gala, n.; — festive garb. 

galaiate, v. tr.: — to calk; to repair a 
ship. 

galaeala, v. tr.:— to cement; to fill up 
with putty. 

galagala, n.: — putty. 

g&lago, 71..' — dog (literally animal from 
the north). 

gal&idd, n : — canoe. 

galeria, n.; also cajida; balanda: — 
porch; portico; vestibule; veranda. 

galileg, V. %.: — ^to roll; to turn with cir- 
cular motion. 

g&lon, n.; also sinta: — border; edging; 
stripes (on uniforms). 

gal6n, n.: — gallon; a liquid measure. 

galope, V. i.: — to gallop. 

galute, V. tr.: — to beat soundly; to 
cudgel. 

g&nxa, adj., adv.; also ftabft; manao; 
naiflafla:— soft; easily yielding to pres- 
sure; flexible. 

g&-m&igd, n.; also j maxnaigo: — 
sleeper. 

g&-main&iflen, adj., adv.; also curioso; 
aberiguadot:— inquisitive; curious. 



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g&-man-iiga 



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g61ai 



gl^inaii-uffa, n.; aUo minejino; fiinifia; 
igua: — flatterer. 

gft-mimo, adj.f adv.; also tigmomyoxL; 
t&g-momye : — quarrelBome. 

gana, v. tr.; also julat gudjUid: — ^to gain; 
to win; to defeat; to earn; to sunnount; 
to overcome. 

gftflaoo, V, tr.; also gftoco: — to prefer. 

gftliaooy V, tr.; also g&oco; nft-idna: — ^to 
prefer; to give the preference to. 

ganado, n.; — cattle. 

g&xiadot. n.; also matatlS^:— cham- 
pion; defender; hero; a . man of dis- 
tinguished courage. 

gan&nsia, n.; aUo reinunerasi6n: — 
emolument; profit; remuneration; win- 
ning; gain. 

gananBioBOy adj.; also g&ifottalesa; 
probechoBo:— yielding; fertile; rich; 
productive. 

ganas, n.; also loglog; minalag6: — 
desire; inclination; appetite. 

gauoho, n.: — boat hook; hook. 

gancho, v. tr., v. %.: — to catch; to gra^; 
to gripe; jacot: — to grasp. 

gane, v. %.; also ogan: — ^to strand: to run 
aground; to go a^ore; to get stalled. 

ganso, n.: — goose. 

ganye, r. tr.; also adopta:— to select; to 
adopt (as one's own cnild); to claim; to 
assert; to demand. 

gftoniy V. if.;— to bend; to curve; to touch 
with emotion; to move the feelings of. 

gaotgan, v. tr., v. %.: — to choke; to 
suffocate. 

g&-pl&ito, adj.; also nA^oBon; xnlmes- 
terio: — ^fussy; making a fuss. 

gapot, V. tr.: — to pull out the hair; to 
pack; to touse. 

gt^ot, V. tr.; also gafua; guot: — to hold 
fast; to take; to fasten. 

gaput (or gapot) ulo, n.: — the hair on 
head. 

garapatas, n.: — tick (insect). 

garapifiera, n.; — ^refrigerator; ice box. 

garotasoy n.: — beating. 

gas, 71.:— gas; illuminating gas. 

gaaa, n.;— gauze; very thm, light, and 
transparent silk or cotton fabric. 

gaseta, n.; — newspaper. 

gaagas, adj., adv.; also pure; t&iinan- 
cha; jiisto; t&iintereB; t&ipinetju- 
dica:— -genuine; real; imadmterated; 
impartial; free from partiality; unpreju- 
diced; fair; just; desente; honesto: — 
decent, clean; neat; ti n&^malagfco; 
aliliau: — eanitary; hygienic. 

gaaolina, n.;— gasoline. 

g&Bdsd, n.; — local name for the Colu^ 
brina asiatica; a widely spread Poly- 
nesian shrub, the leaves of which are 
used for bleaching native mats in Sa- 
moa, as they form a lather in water like 
soap; used m Guam for medicine only. 

gasta, V. tr.: to spend money; to expena. 

g&Btadoty n..* — extravagance; prodigal- 
ity; wastefulness. 



gaato, n.: — expenses; costs; consumption. 

gaBton aalapd, n.; — expenditure; dis- 
bursement. 

gaBton y biale, n.: — traveling expense. 

gaatoBy n. pi. (Sp.): — consumption; ex- 
penses; costs. 

g&tand, adj.: — ^worldly. 

gatbeBBBy n.; — valuables; jewelry. 

gatbo, adj., adv.; also JikmMvmMx; 
xn&gaB; ta^jld:— gorgeous; splendid; 
showv; sublime; awe-inspiring; superb; 
grand; stately. 

gatbo, adj., adv.; also bonita; dudus; 
pachuduuS^: — ^neat; nice (speaking of 
girls); beautiful; handsome. 

gatga, n.; also Buette: — ^lot; fate; for- 
tune. 

g&tgaraa, v. tr.:—to gar^e. 

g&tot, n.:— wheal; callosity. 

gft-uzn^Bitaii, n.; also y eaitaxi; feai- 
tan: — ^joker; jokesmith; jester. 

gayera, n.:— cockfight. 

gayetaB, n.; also biBOocho: — biscuit. 

gayo, n.: — cock; the male of birds; 
rooster. 

globe, n.; also y tand:— globe; the earth. 

gl6ria, n.; — glorification. 

glorioBO, adj.: — glorious. 

gobetnad6t, n.; also magftlaje:— gov- 
ernor. 

gobietna, v. tr.; also g6je: — to manage; 
to govern. 

gobietno, n.: — government; state. 

gobietnon tiMotao, n.; — democracy; 
government by the people. 

gode, V. tr.; also funut: — to tie on; to 
bind; to fasten. 

goden a^g&, n.; also &tmadot:— 
scarf; a light handkerchief or tie for the 
neck. 

gof, ad;.— very. 

g6f ch&tpft^, adj., adv.; also ti ata- 
non: — ^horrid; very terrible; hideous; 
dreadful. 

g6f d&£gculo, adj., adv.. — ^huge; very 
large. 

g6f fachd, adj., adv.: — ^very thin (liquid). 

gofia, n.; — lung. 

g6f ja&ne: — beautiful weather. 

goflid, V. tr., V. %.; also guAiya: — to love; 
to be loved. 

gofliiyoxiy adj., adv.; also amable: — ami- 
able; lovely. 

g6f triflte; also trireate: — very sorrow- 
ful; grieving. 

gdgtte, V. tr.; also ampara; s&giid; 
aaeuane: — to protect; to shelter; to 
defend. 

g61a, n.: — ^fan (used in building a fire). 

gdja, V. %.; also Bopla: — to blow; to 
sway. 

gdle, V. tr.; also donmia: — ^to rule; to 
dominate; to reign over. 

gdje, V. %.; also zn&£g:&gmdna:— to 
stoop; to bend the body downward and 
forward. 

g61ai, n.; — vegetable. 



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guas&on 



goleta, n.; — schooner* two-masted vea- 

sel. 
golf, n.;— golf (un olasen bola). 
golo£teo:fi^, n.: — murmuring; buzzing 

BOUI^. 

golosina, n.; also postre: — fruits or 
sweets; dessert. 

goloBo, adj.y adv.; alio hambiento: — 
voracious; ravenous; greedy. 

goma, n.; also elSggrudo: — paste; mu- 
cilage. 

goxnan arabia, n.;— gum arabic. 

gomgom, V. tr.; also yaxnag; aplas- 
ia:— to break; tocrusn. 

g6naf, n.; also eBoazna: — scales; scurf 
(on the skin). 

golSggol^, V. i.: — to growl; to grumble. 

gope, V. tr.y V. %.; also &guft: — to leap; to 
pass over by jumping; to jump; to 
vault; to leap lightly over; to omit. 

gope, V. %.; also tayogue: — to spring; to 
leap or bound. 

gopte, r. %.: — to make a holiday; to cele- 
brate. 

gora, n.; also tujol%; bonete: — ^bon- 
net; cap. 

gosa, V. tr.: — to enjoy; to have the 
pleasure of; to use as food or drink. 

gosne, V. tr.; also lagnos: — to pull out; 
to draw out. 

goBo, n.; also cantan alabansa: — 
hymn; song of praise. 

gota, V. i.: — ^to drop; to fell in drops. 

g6te, V. tr.; also jacot: — to gnp; to 
catch; %o seize. 

gotgojo, n.: — meal beetle. 

gotgoreta, n.; — pitcher; earthen vessel 
for holding water. 

gotgoretan janum, n.: — water bottle. 

gotgot, n.; also j nuxn&n&tulS^; y 
xnafia£gf&]Sg^ane: — i n f o r m e r ; ap- 
prover. 

gotpe, n.; also dine£^ol£g:— blow; 
stroke; knock. 

gotpe, V. tr.; also written gotoe: — ^to 
dash; to throw violently or hastily. 

gotpea, V. tr.: — to yank; to jerk; to 
twist. 

graba, v. tr.;— to dig in; to intrench. 

grado, n.; also ramo: — ^rank; position; 
grade. 

gradoy n.: — step; grade; rise or descent of 
a roadway; degree. 

gram&tica, n.: — grammar; principles of 
the correct use of a language. 

granero, n.: — granary; fruit house. 

graniso, n.;^hail. 

graniso, adj.; also ugis: — gray. 

grano, n.: — grain. 

grano, n.; also pogpog: — sore; ulcer; 
com; abscess. 

granon m&ies: — grains of corn. 

gr&sia, n.; also zum&uleg: — grace; favor; 
kindness; thanks. 

grasioso, adj., adv.; also inbentibo; 
Bfsodft; dfdescubre: — witty ; ingenious; 
clever; gracious; inventive. 



grasioso, n.: — delicacy; grace; sensitive- 
ness; refinement. 

gratifiea, n.; also amtdesimiento; 
inagradese; prdmio; ninfte: — re- 
ward; recompense; thanks; gratitude; 
acknowledgment. 

gratifLca, v. tr.: — to compensate; to re- 
munerate: to repay. 

grifo, n.: — taucet; short pipe with a valve 
used for drawing liquids from kegs: 

griniyete, v. tr.: — to chain; to fetter. 

gxiyete, n.; — handcufte. 

gxiyos, n.: — cricket. 

guacan tand: — native cattle. 

goadog, V. %.: — ^to dig; to scratch (hens). 

gusfag, n.: — mat. 

guafe, n.: — ^fire. 

gotosalue, n.; also flnftguaglog; go&g- 
said:— defile; low ground; low country. 

guagse, V. tr.; also dgttes; gttdsgttes: — 
to peel; to shave; to scrape; to scour; 
to rub; to brush. 

gu&guaii, adj.; also presioso: — expen- 
sive; valuable; precious. 

gu&guasan, n.; also lanchero: — ^peas- 
ant; farmer; rancher. 

gu&guato, V. %.: — to hurry (in a certain 
direction). 

guafcho^^ft. adj.; also pat: — either (one 
or the omer). 

gu&ife, V. %.: — to blow (er., wind). 

gu^ilaye, adj.; also setbe: — useful. 

gu&iya, V. tr.; also xnanjula para; gu6f- 
guaiya: — to swear allegiance to; to pay 
homage to; to regard; to prefer; to love; 
also jalum; ixnajfna; JuzniUuin: — ^to 
fancy; to imagine; to take a liking to. 

guaiyayon, culj.: — lovable; worthy of 
love; precious; dear. 

guaiyayon, n.; also n6bfa; y man 
guftiya: — sweetheart; lover: loved one. 

guaiyayon, n.: — charm; loveliness. 

guala, V. tr.: — to possess; to have {liter- 
ally: there is). 

guaja na biaje, (k/v.;— sometimes; now 
and then. 

guala nai, adv.; also cada rato; oada 
l&'abmam: — once in a while; a few 
times. 

guaja nai; guaja nai; also un biaje; y 
otro biaje: — at one time; at another 
time. 

guaje, V. tr.: also jal6; guadog: — to 
grub; to root out ol the ground; to dig 
up; to excavate; to dig out. 

gualo, pron ; also jro:— I; y6: — me. 

gufitlafon, n.; — ^full moon. 

guallig, n.; — ^lizard of the small house 
variety. 

guantes, n.: — glove. 

guaot, n.: — bladder; stairway; staircase. 

guasft. V. tr.; also nft-calactus: — to whet; 
to sharpen. 

guasalSg, n ; also atgayas; tomates 
agftg&: — ^tonsils; gill. 

gUM&on, n.; cUso metate; moyon: — 
whetstone; grindstone. 



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guigot%go^ 



guasAon flno, n.; also lamse:— hone; 
fine whetstone. 

go&sguas, V. tr.; also bale: — ^to scrape; 
to rasp; to scrub; to clean; to scour. 

guatda, V. tr.; also resetba: — to watch; 
to observe the Sabbath; to retain; to 
hold or keep in possession. 

go&tdia, n.; also sentixiela; y mazuti- 
xnulan: — post; guard; watchman. 

guati^ision; also engancha:— to harness 
ahorse. 

gua%0, prep.;— indicating direction away 
from tne speaker; toward; in the direc- 
tion of; chuld guato y relos: — bring 
the watch there. 

guaut. n.; — stair; step; flight of steps. 

guayaoa, n.; also abas: — local name for a 
shrub or small tree bearing the fruit 
from which the well-known guava jelly 
is made. 

gubia, n.; — ^hollow chisel. 

gueoo. adj.y also bianco; gasgas: — 
blank; free from writing; emptor. 

gueco, adj.y adv.; also basio; t&isinaj- 
guan: — vacant within; hollow; void. 

guede, n.; also siBta: — band. 

gudtdfuSGrculo, adj., also sdndafiS^culo: 
— enormous; excessive; immense; very 
great. 

gu6feuaiya, v. tr.; — to prefer; to love. 

gu6mo, aaj.; also gjilninftirifla:— able. 

gu6f-]&an, adj.; also magof; bula som- 
nap:— sunny; bright; warm; cheerful. 

gu6f-lanien, v. tr,; also tasa; agra- 
dese: — to appreciate; to value. 

gu6f-machagne, adj.; — elaborate; com- 
plicated; highly finished. 

gudf-machdond, adj.; — ^laborious; dili- 
gent. 

gudf-ma-esplica, adj.: — copious; com- 
plete; detailed. 

gu6f-nian-aquijom, adj.; also y6da]e; 
also written eu6f-man-aquijuni: — sav- 
ing; niggardly; thrifty; frugal; scanty; 
parsimonious. 

gu6f-nian-]aso, adj.y adv.,; also Idan; 
listo: — thoughtful; contemplative; at- 
tentive; careful ; sharp witted; sagacious. 

gu6f-pago, adj., adv.; also bonito; guai- 
yayon:— graceful; charming; pretty. 

gu^f-rasa, adj.; — thoroughbred; of pure 
and unmixed blood. 

gu6f-reoono8e. v. tr.; — ^to rummage; to 
search carefully for. 

ga6f-8aga, adj., adv.; — comfortable; for- 
tunate; magof: — content. 

gu6f-4aga, adj., adv.; also m&ipe; 
nxafnot; lunaatog: — snug; concealed; 
compact; warm. 

jgudf-tan6, adj., adv.; also togrchft; 
Jafflag; mepft; m&manta: — ^fruitful; 
prolific; fertile. 

gudf-tao, adj., adv.; also man-goflid; 
e&-nian-nai: — ^big-hearted; benevo- 
lent; well-meaning; genial; kindly; 
sympathetic in disposition. 



gu6f-tao, adj.; also d&£^ulo; ni6uleg; 
f&fata: — magnificent; splendid; pom- 
pous. 

gu6f-umatoffid, adj.; also unxai>a» 
^[une: — feunUiar; well acquainted; in- 
timate; affable. 

guegmen, n.;— drinker. 

guegmon, n.;— larynx; Adam's apple. 

gue^^po, adj.; also gupo; gufgupo: — 
frying. 

guegpo, n.; also p&Jaro: — bird. 

gttdgud, n.:— tooth-pick. 

gu6 jilfU, n.; also m&s^ase:— super- 
vision; the act of supervising. 

gttelo; gttela, n.:— grandfather; grand- 
mother. 

gttteauy adv.; — ^there (in the proximity 
of the person addressed). 

gttdnau guato, adv.; also ayo euato: — 
there; in that place: thither; mat way. 

gttdnau nai, adv.; — tnere. 

gttd^gUe^, n.; — nod; a quick incli- 
nation of the head; shake of the head. 

gu4 pap&, adj.; also tag pap&fla: — sub- 
ordinate; inferior in rank, power, or po- 
sition. 

guera, n.; also gueriya: — war. 

guera, v. %.; — to wage war. 

guerero, n.; also lalajen guera: — 
warrior. 

gtt^sgttes, V. tr.; also dgttes: — to scrape; 
to scratch; to scour; to rub; to brush; to 
shave. 

gttetgttero, n.; also gatganta: — throat. 

gttetgttero^ n.; — alimentary canal. 

gueton, adj., adv.: — thin; fragile; brittle. 

gugan, v. tr.; — to shell; to peel; to 
unhusk. 

gugat, n.: — fiber; sinew; tendon; vein; 
nerve. 

gugol^, V. tr.; also n&-lanxen; jofld: — to 
maltreat; to oppress. 

gfigululufueo, v. %.; also fugo; esoale- 
foio: — to shiver; to have a chill in a 
fever attack; to freeze. 

gida, n.: — ^leader; one who leads. 

guia, V. tr.; — to lead; to guide; to precede; 
to bring. 

guia, n.; also mam&ntinui: — pioneer. 

gid castoco:— at my expense. 

gttielSI:, n.: — nose; organ of smell. 

gttife, i;. tr., v. i.; — to dream; to fancv. 

^^ non, adv.; also flon; canton; 
oriyan: — ^beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 

gufgau, n.: — fishing net; inclosures built 
in shallow water to catch fish. 

guigo, adv.; also gum&gHcholSg: — 
together j in unison; at the same time. 

guieo, adj., adv.; also sumlsija; guni&- 
eacho^: — simultaneous; happening, 
done, or existing at the same time. 

gufgogUe, n.; also protect6t:— pro- 
tector; defender; guardian. 

guigon, conj: — no sooner than; as soon as. 

gufgol^go^, n.; — growler; grumbler. 



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gnls 



gufgonjft, conj.; also guigon: — no 
sooner than; as soon as. 

gufgriiife, n.; also j man gttigttife:— 
dreamer. 

guiguilSg, n.; oZso t&gpapft; culebla: — 
reptile. 

gillgiiiyaja, oc/;.; a2«o aislado; Udg^ 
choi!^; xn&ua: — lone; solitary; re- 
tired; lonesome; secluded; oft-lying; 
remote. 

gui-Ja&ne; also an ja&ne: — ^in the day- 
time. 
. gui Jalum, adv.; also san jalum; ]a^ 
lum: — inside; therewithin; within; 
internal. 

gUijan, n.;— fish. 

g^ jaya, n.; also jaya; san Jaya: — 
south. 

gUije, adv.; also aye ffoato: — there 
(away from the person aadressed). 

gttije guato, adv.; — indicating direction; 
there. 

guijen, n.: — petticoat. 

gui lidian, n.; also luchan; san li- 
ehein: — ^west. 

guimen, v. tr.^ v. t.; also guinem: — to 
drii^. 

guiminon, acfj.;— drinkable; portable. 

guinaca, n.; yinac&:— dough (fiour). 

guinachft, v. tr.:— to overtake; to catch 
by pursuit. 

giUnadog, n.; canat:— ditch; trench; 
moat. 

gUlnadon, n.; — puzzle; complication. 

guinaejetdan, adj., adv.; also nt^OBon: — 
irksome; vexatious. 

guin&gao asi-i, n.: — apolopry. 

guin&gao, n.: — request; entreaty. 

guinagd, n.: — indolence; laziness; idle- 
ness. 

guin&igue, n.; aZ«o pres^nsia: — attend- 
ance; presence. 

giiin&iya, 7i.«'— enthusiasm; ardor of 
mind. 

giiindiya, n.: — ^preference; affection. 

giiin&iya, n.; also f6; ami8t&: — fidelity; 
integrity; loyalty: reliability; idea; 
jinaso: — fancy; idea; notion; liking; 
&guanra: — ^love affair; lover; gallant; 
caridad: — love. 

gliinaja, n.; also habio; inayuda:— 
resource; source of helper supply; 
expedient; tesoro: — treasure; tning- 
property; possession. • 

gliinaja, ai^'.;— pecuniary; pertaining to, 
or consisting of, money. 

gUlnajan gujai&, n.: — ^household effects. 

guinana, n.; also suseso; salida: — 
acquisition; \ictory; gain; success; 
event; gan4nsia:— %ain. 

guinanchiyo, v. i.: — crochet; ganchuyo 
n.: — crochet. 

guinanye. adj.; also ma^yeg: — selected; 
preferred. 

guinasgas, n.: — cleanliness; decency. 

guinasta, n.: — waste; extravagance; ex- 
penses. 



gliinatbo, n.; also minftlag; din&d{^ 
culo: — splendor; pomp; magnificence. 

gttine, aai\: — ^here; to this place; from; 
out of. 

gttine, V. tr.: — ^to come from. 

gui nMaligau, n.; also rebista; gu6f- 
aberigua: — research * careful inquiry. 

guindfatittuye, n.; also espiasion; ni* 
repara; inatittuye: — ^reparation; ex- 
piation. 

guindfilo, n.; also inacadidog:— acu- 
men. 

guindftoga, n.; — ^well-being; good for- 
tone. 

guindftao, n.: — charitableness ; liberality. 

guin^giie, n.; also ain&gttd:— protec- 
tion; guard. 

guindje, n.; also guinete: — ^manage- 
ment; arrangement; disposition. 

gttine magui, adv.; also magui; chull 
magui: — ^hither; this way. 

guinen otro tand, v. tr.; alio impotta: — 
to import; to bring into a country from 
abroad. 

guinibietna, n.; also ninAaifia: — sway; 
dominion; authority. 

guinibietna, v. tr.: — to reign over; to 
rule; to dominate. 

guinibietna, n.; also manera de pre- 
8ed6r (Sp.): — r^ime; mode or system 
of government. 

gUinife, n.: — dream. 

guinigatan, adj., adv.; also migugat: — 
fibrous; composed of fibers. 

guinigolSg, n.; also nin&t&elaye; Ji- 
nefLd; ninftt&ilaye: — maltreatment; 
oppression. 

guinilo, n.; also quinilo: — ^lamb; the 
young of sheep. 

guinin y chag6, adj.; also eatrafio; fo- 
rastero: — strange; foreign. 

guiniot, n.; also minantiene: — grip; a 
graap with the hand. 

gi^nipo, n.; — flight; the act, process, 
manner, or power of flying. 

guinipo: — carried away; torn away (by 
the wind). 

guinipon pution: — shooting or falling 
star; meteor. 

guinisa, n.; also estufao: — stew; gou- 
lash. 

guiniya, n.; also suBtansia (Sp.); }i- 
nafa: — matter; being; substance. 

gui papft, adv.; also papft; san papft: — 
below; under; beneath. 

guiea, V. tr.: — to boil; to fry; to prepare 
food; to season; to roast. 

guitala, n.: — guitar. 

gui tinate, adv.; also sumegtigundo: — 
secondly; in the second place. 

gttiya, pron.: — ^he; she. 

guja, adj.; also t&ialentos: — ^breathless; 
out of breath. 

guja, n.; also j&-guja: — asthma. 

guja, V, %.: — to pant; to gasp; to cough. 

gula, n.; also sin medida; sin modera- 
ai6n: — immoderation; intemperance. 



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igue 



guleg, V. tr.; also molino; tutu: — to 

grind (grain). 
^mn&y n.; — ^hoiise. 
^nm& automobit, n.; — garage*. 
S^unxftcho^ yan: — togemer with. 
guxn&oho£§, n.; gacho£g: — partner; 

business associate. 
guin& dlquiquly n.:— hovel; hut; cabin; 

small house, 
giimftfafiochuyan, n.:— hostelry; inn; 

lodging house, 
y eumaeanye, n.; — claimant; one who 

demands something as a right. 
^nm& pasajeroy n.; also tabetna:— inn; 

roadhouse. 
gumagd, V. t.; also luxnfto£g: — to tramp 

around; to loaf around. 
^uixi& YtiuB, n.; — church. 
y guznu&iya y tandfia, n.; — ^patriot, 
^umuasfty n.; — ^fish poison. 
gunuB, V. tr.; also aplelSg:— to sprain a 

joint; to pull out; to wean a chiM. 
guot. V. tr.; also gafoa; gapot: — to seize; 

to lasten; to pack; to nold fast; to 

take. 
gupo, V. %.: — to fly. 
gupot, n.; also fl.e8ta: — ^feast; sumptuous 

repast*; ceremony; solemnity. 



gupot xn&gaSy n.; — ^function; discharge 

of duty. 
gurupa, n.; — crupper; the buttocks of a 

horse; leather tail band. 
gUBd^lalald; adj.; also guadcajuld: — 

fiery; passionate; easily roused. 
gus6fla. adj.y adv.; also in6na; xu6nafLa; 

taftaffta: — earlier; sooner; prior. 
gustoa, adv.; also ohadegfLa; mas bi6ii 

(Sp.): — rather; sooner; more willingly, 
gusl, adj. J adv.; also Jijot; c&dada: — 

fleet; quick; swift; brief; short; concise. 
gusl, adv.; also ti-abmam:— shortly; 

soon; quickly, 
gust janoxiy culj.f adv.; also songuiyon; 

gust mamlA;— inflammable; easily set 

on Gie; combustible, 
gust jocogy adj.^ adv.; also U znaog; 

biajero: — transitory; fleeting, 
gtlsiujfti interj.; also enseguidasi — 

immediately! 
gusto, n.; — relish; gosa; Tnanfifcu^y 

adj. : — ^palatable, 
gusto, n.; also tanazntazn: — taste; joy. 
gutgureta, n.; also jara: — pail for 

carrying water. 
gutus, V. tr.f V. i.: — to break (the strings 

of an instrument); to take the life. 



H. 



hacha, v. tr.; also acha; n&-m&fiafia: — 

to make tender; to make mellow; to beat. 
haznbiiento, adj.; also m&tai fiala^: — 

rapacious; greedy; avaricious. 
hasienda, n .; also sementera; lancho: — 

farm; worldly possessions. 
hembra, 7i.; also pal&uan:— female, 
hereda, v. tr.; v. %.: — to inherit, 
hereda, n.: — a gift by will of money or 

property; bequest. 
hereaero, n.; — ^heir. 
hereje, n.: — ^heretic, 
herdnsia, n.: — inheritance. 
her esia, n . ; — heresy . 
herida, n.: — wound, 
hetbana, v. tr.: — to patch together. 
higuera, n.: — fig tree, 
higos, n.; — ^fig; fruit oi the fig tree. 



honesto, adj.y adv.; also xuodesto; res- 
petayon; gasgas; desente: — ^honor- 
able; decent; modest. 

honra, v. tr.; — to honor; to respect; to 
reverence. 

honra, n.: — ^honor. 

honra, v. tr.; also respeta; reberfin- 
sia: — to revere; to regard with fear 
mingled with respect and affection; to 
reverence; to respect. 

honra, n.; also fama; m&uleg na 
n&an: — reputation; fame; m&uleg zda- 
scuSg&nfLa: — good reputation. 

hu6rfana, n.: — orphan; female child be- 
reft of parents. 

hu6rf8ino, n.: — orphan; male child be- 
reft of parents. 

hule, n.; — oilcloth. 



I. 



ibft, v. %.: — to show pain or emotion by a 
twitching of the lips; potpot labi6s- 
fla, adj.: — thick-lipped. 

idea, n.; also jinaso; gttin&iya: — ^fancy; 
idea; notion j liking; a mental image or 
picture; belief. 

identifica, v. tr: — to identify: to make, 
prove to be, or consider as, tne same. 

idioma, n.; — ^idiom; the distinctive char- 
acteristic of a language. 

fdolo, n.: — ^idol. 

lesitan, n.; also gft-umdsitan:— joker; 
jokeemith; jester. 



ffil, n.; — ^name of a tree furnishing th& 
most important wood in Guam; it is 
very hard and heavy, but not elastic; 
cross-grained and hard to workj it turns 
from a yellowish color with time to a 
dark color resembling black walnut. 

ignor6nsia, n.; also tinfiitini^d; t&i- 
Jinaso : — ignorance . 

ignorante, adj.: also t&i jinaso: — ^igno- 
rant; y ti manufi^d: — ignorant per- 
son; one who has no knowledge. 

igue, V. tr.; also diles: — to excel; to sur- 
pass. 



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178 



inar^la 



7 igiii, n.; aUo ugt: ini^:— jealouay; 
envy. 

fijdy adj.; also tipadog; fi&jlalatf^ 
y6daje:— thrifty. 

ija, n.; also jaga: — dau^ter. 

ilegitimo, adj.: — illegitimate. 

imajen, n.; also written imagen; ima- 
guen:--«iinage; picture. 

imajinaaion^ n.; — imagination; a con- 
ception or idea; fancy. 

ixna^na, v. tr., v. %.; also Jaso; jasaye; 
supone: — to imagine; to conjecture; to 
think; to cogitate; to reflect upon. 

impedimento. n.; also eatotbo: — im- 
pediment; ODstruction; obstacle; hin- 
drance. 

imperioy n.; — realm; state; empire. 

impettindniia, n.; also t&iaetbe; n&^O- 
son: — impertinence; forwardness; rude- 
ness. 

impetuoBo. adj.; also j&bubo; j&pina- 
lala; fepaiaii; fijom; arebatao: — 
^ven to anser; passionate; impetuous; 
irritable; enervescent; vehement. 

impide, v. tr.; also apreta:— to restrain; to 
cneck; to repress. 

impolftico, adj.^ adv.; also deaatento; 
tlliatenaidn; bronco: — impolite; 
wanting in good maimers; boorish; 
coarse. 

impone, v. tr.; also obliga: — to lay on; to 
apply; to impose. 

impotta, V. tr^ also guinen otro taad: — 
to import; to bring into a country from 
abroad. 

impottante, adj., adv.; also g&iauatan- 
aia; m&gas: — significant; expressive; 
important. 

imprenta, n.; — printery. 

impresa, v. tr.: — to print. 

impresdt, n.; — compositor; typesetter; 
printer. 

imprud^nsia, n.; also ti yddaje: — care- 
lessness of conseauences; imprudenco. 

impueato, n.; also catga; tributo 
todo;— delivery; draft; duty; tax. 

impueBto, n.; also oontribuaidn: — 
excise; duty; tribute; impost. 

in-: — prefix; nrst person, plural. 

ina, V. tr.; also acWa; na-fanu^d: — to 
light up; to illuminate. 

inabag, n.; also chindtan; linache; 
fatta: — inisunderstanding; erfor* 

in-&bald, n.; also inaplacha: — impurity. 

inabiba, n.; also binalente-mina- 
tat^ga: — encouragement. 

in-abmam, v. i.: — to stop; to delay; to 
stay. 

inabund&nsia, n.; also abundfinsia; 
min6gae; min6gai: — abundance; pro- 
fusion; plenty; superfluity; overflow. 

inacacha, n.; also fin&baba; traisidn; 
engafio: — imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception. 

inacacha, v. tr.; also petjudica; nft- 
dafto: — to impair; to prejudice; to do 
damage. 



in&camd, n.; mn&oamd: niatrim6xiio; 

caaamiento: — ^wedding; wedlock; 

marriage. 
in4-<diagd, n.; also diat&nsia (Sp.): — 

distance between two places, 
inadft, n.; also enredoa: — aspendon; 

slander; defamation. 
inadaja, n.; also inijd: — care; concern; 

solicitude; anxiety; saving. 
inadamelotffe, nv also eafero: — sphere; 

a globe or globular body, 
inadbiatte, n..* — admonition; exhorta- 
tion, 
inadelanta, n.; also ninftULnxauleg. 

flnamauleg; sinibe: — improvement, 
in&detifi:an, n.: — elocution; art, manner; 

or style of speaking; delivery. 
iiiMltffco. n.; also y in&deaapattaj y 

in&yuta : — separation ; disconnection . 
inadite, oc/f; omo gatmdo; majoild: — 

oppressed; distr^sed; depressed. 
inagaUp:, n.; also 6aalao: — clamor; 



al- 



shouting; yelling. 

in&go, n.; also yinalacA: — change; 
teration; mutation; variation. 

in&goflid, n.;— friendship. 

ina^radeae, n.; also agradeainUento; 
nin&e: — reward; recompense; thanks; 
gratitude; acknowledgment. 

inagu&, n.: — bolt; a long step. 

in&guaguat, n.; — scrimmage; general 
row or tussle. 

in6guaguat, n.; also pUUto:— argu- 
ment; controversy. 

inai, n.; also oriyan taai: — ^beach; 
shore. 

inald, n.; also nin&-ald; inalla:- 
fortune; destruction; insult. 

inaltilula, adj., adv.: — hasty; precipi- 
tate; rash. 

inamte, n.: — ^parson; the incumbent of 
a parish; cleigyman. 

inanacdy n..* — ^length; the measure from 
end to end. 

inaftade, n.; — appendix. 

inanchOy n.; am fined&c^width. 

inanchon y aftculo, n.; also di&me- 
tro: — diameter. 

inaffiocoy n.: — confidence; difiidence; 
lack of self reliance. 

UkBniteyadj.yOdv.; aZ«o ainaaal&guan: — 
infernal; helli^; outrageous; fiend- 
ish. 

inHnogch&y n.; also cnenta,; notlsia: — 
report; accoimt; relation; connec- 
tion; nft-tiuS^, V. tr.: — to report. 

inantigOy n.; also binijo; t&otao 
zndna: — antiquity; great age. 

in&plachft, n.; also t61a:— refuse; ex- 
crement. 

inapul&ijan, n.; also eapolQHa, sponge: — 
payon dujendea; talanfcan jayo: — 
miishroom. 

inaquijom, n.; also tronp6n: — fist. 

inaregla, n.; also Jechura; otden: — 
digestion; assimilation; method; sys- 
tem; order. 



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uina 



inariesga, n.; alio sinesede: — adven- 
ture. 
' inasay v. tr.: — to drive forward; to blow 
away; to blow on (the wind). 

inasegxira, n.; auo finia; 
security; warranty; bail. 

inasti. n.; also inaale; petd6n (Sp.): 
pardon; foigivenness; absolution. 

inasti, n.; a2«o niresoata; ninA libra: 
impunity; freedom from punishixtent; 
freedom from injury or loss. 

inasne, cu/j.; aZ«o ma-asen: — ealteid. 

inasnen oatne, n.; — salted beef; salt 
meat. 

inatan, n.; — glance; quick passing look 
of the eye. 

in&tattiye, n.; al$o flla:— line; row; 
series. 

inatboroia, n.; also jatsamiento: — 
insurrection; uprising; confusion; re- 
bellion; tumult. 

inatituye, n.; also inatiende; aten- 
si6n: — attention. 

in-atzuareao, n.; — dizziness; vertigo; 
giddiness. 

in-atzuarfao, n.; also quinaduco: — 
insanity; lunacy; madness. 

lnatotta7e, n.: — prohibition; interdic- 
tion. 

inatrededoty n.; also j niredondo; 
atrededotfia: — girth; circumference. 

inaya, n.; also chinilolSg; propotsi6n; 
inajustao: — proportion; justice; fair- 
ness; fitness. 

inayeg, n.:— choice; option. 

inayeg na tinAitai, n.: — text. 

inbenta, v. tr.; also 8od&; nft-juyo£g: — 
to BUf^est; to hint; to insmuate; to 
invent; to find out; to devise. 

inbentibo, adj.^ adv.; also sfsod&; dfdes- 
oubre: — inventive; witty; ingenious; 
clever. 

inbiette, v. %.; also emplea: — to invest; 
to make an investment of money. 

inclincuri6n, n./ also sentido; opini6n; 
jinelSg^e: — notion; opinion; belief; 
inclination. 

inconbendnsia^ n.; also chin&tsaga; 
ti Bumilia: — inconvenience; unfitness; 
troublesomeness; disadvantage. 

independiente, adj., adv.; also tiifna^ 
ffioco; ti-nian-a£S^lIg;ooo; t&ichi- 
nitsaga: — ^independent; not depend- 
ent on, not supported by, or governed 
by, another. 

indioa, v. tr.; also f&ntle; nft-]aso; 
tanchtte: — to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint. 

indiierente, adj.; also par6]o}ft yan 
tayft: — listless; indifferent; languid. 

indirecto, adj.j adv.; also ti tunas: — 
indirect; not strai^t. 

indulgdnsia, n.: — ^indulgence. 

induse, v. tr.; also suog; jo£ggae: — to 
induce; to persuade; to prevsol upon; to 
cause. 

ine, dem. pron.: — ^this; this one. 



inecholSg, n.; also lache; nin^tAilaye:— 
wrong; &ult; injury; injustice. 

inechol^, adj.^ adv.; also 6clau; lUicd; 
echolSf: — bent; curved; crooked; in- 
clined to do wrong; forbidden. 

inecholSg, n.; also injustfsia: — ^injustice; 
wrong. 

inefrese, n.; — offering. 

inenoant^, n.; — ^fascination; attraction; 
dharm. 

ineneaiga, n.; also areglo: — arrange- 
ment; management; order; disposition. 

inentaltle, n.; — intermission; pause; in- 
terruption. 

inedy n.;— «ulp; draft; swallow. 

i n e s g & 1 j o n y n.; also acompafia* 
mento: — accompaniment; escort; con- 
voy. 

indson, n.; also disgustao; linayd: — 
nausea; disgust; aversion. 

inestima, am,; also estima: — esteemed; 
respected; nighly regarded. 

inestira, n.; also quinalamten; — strain; 
effort. 

inetnon, n.; also reuni6n; nilajyan: — 
reunion; a festive gathering of familiar 
friends or associates. 

inetnon, n.; also iunta: — society; as- 
sembly; group; alliance; bond; ally; 
confederate. 

inetnon t&otaOy n.; also monchon 
tHotao: — multitude; crowd; the popu- 
lace. 

in-evag, n.; also fln&n&^giie; educa- 
sion:— education. 

infelfs, adj.f adv.; also desgrasiado; 
desdichado; despresiao: — unhappy; 
disastrous; unfortunate. 

infi6ty adj.; also ti nian-]o£ggue; ti 
league; ti flfit; f&f&baba:— infidel; 
unbefieving; ungodly. 

infietno, n.; also sasal&guan; tin&ifpn- 
do:— hell; abyss; gulf. 

influ6nsia, n.;— influence; power arising 
from character or station. 

infotma, v. %.; also qu^ tulSg^d; 6fai- 
sen: — to seek information. 

infotmasidn^ n.; also nin&tu£^; noti- 
ficasidn: — information. 

il^grato, adj.; also dl^uilSg: — tiiank- 
less; untrue; ungratefuL 

y i^gilente, n.: — salve; ointment; fat. 

mg:idn; ii^uen, v. tr.; also despr^sia: — 
to disdain; to censure; to deprecate. 

ii^uinon, adj., adv.; also g6fchatlif- 
yon: — detestable; execrable; abomina- 
ble; cursed. 

i^uinon na t&otao, n.: — scamp; rascal. 

imga, n.; also flinifia: — caress. 

inig6, n.; also embfdia: — envy; jealousy. 

inifi^l^, n.; also lamentasidn (Sp.); 
also written inigu£g: — sigh; cries; lam- 
entation. 

inijd, n.;— thrift. 

inina, n.; also lemunayas; ina: — light: 
the agent by which objects are renderea 
visible by its action on the retina; 



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180 , 



jafatt 



illumination; gleam; a stream of lig^t; 
glimmer; a faint intermittent lip^t. 

inm&JuyolSg t4otao, adj.: — artificial . 

ininan &tdatL n.; dUo Bomnap: — eun- 
lirfit. 

inin^^ag, v. %.; alio xxi&tf[^ag; umasd; 
ziin& aad: — to sag; to sink down; to 
yield. 

in-isune, n.: — persistence; constancy. 

Injtbifi^ V, tr,; also caltinmia: — to revile; 
to reproach; to abuse. 

injuatuda, n.; alio impuesto: — injus- 
tice; oppression. 

imnott&t, adj.; also tftiflnatai: — ^im- 
mortal; impenshable; not subject to 
death. 

inopone, n.; also chinabft; resiat^n- 
sia; nirechasa: — resistance; opposi- 
tion. 

ino8, adj.f adv.; also d61alai or d&lalae: 
slim; thin; slender. 

inosente, adj., adv.; also t&iisao:— not 
guilty; innocent. 

inpenit^nsiay n.; also ti xnafiotsot; 
t&iBinetsot; ti f&fafiotsot:— impeni- 
tence. 

inquietOy adj.; also 16bog; t&iminaj- 
go^: — restless; turbulent; unquiet. 

inquilinato, n.:— leasehold; property 
held by lea^e. 

insolbente, adj.; also iiiaotbente; 
quiebra: — ^bankrupt. 

instituye, i;. tr.; alio planta: — to in- 
stitute ; to i nstall ; to establish . 

instnunento, n.; also jeramienta: — 
instrument; tool. 

inatrumento niusica, n.; also estot- 
mento: — musical instrument. 

insutta, i;. ^r.; alsoiMkgiie; n&-mam&j- 
lao: — to injure; to insult; to affront. 

insutta, v. tr., v. %.; also butlea; casi; 
lotgue: mofea: — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of; to outrage; 
to insult. 

intensidn, n.; also jinaao; opini6n: — 
opinion; intention; thought; memory; 
reason. 

intension&Oy adj.; also jastiauye: — in- 
tending. 

intensionaye, v. tr.; also jasuye: — to 
intend; to resolve. 

interns, n.; also minalagd; g:uinfii- 
ya: — ^interest. 

interesao^ adj.y adv.; also jeniSgan: — 
sell-seeking; selfish; avaricious; greedy; 
niggardly. 



interino, adj.; also anplente: — ^vica- 
rious. 

interi6r, adj.; alio saa Jalnm; aaa 
jaluzn na baada: — ^interior; inner; 
remote from the coast. 

intetpreta, v. tr.:— to lay out; to ex- 
pose; to interpret. 

intetpretaai6n, n.; alio mapnlH:— ex- 
planation; interpretation. 

inutit, adj.; alio tUguailaye: — unfit; 
unserviceable. 

ip&if[^ue:— last nig^t. 

ipd, V. tr.; alio pat4: — to break; to tear 
up; to divide; to split; to cleave; to 
slit; to burst. 

ip6teca, n.; alio written hipoteca; y 
znaenpef&a: — ^mortgage. 

ira, n.; — tempest; hurricane; tumult. 

iremediable, adj., adv.; tAi renxedio; 
ti mlxnagxuSg; ti amtiyon; ti m4- 
ma^o£&:— incurable; irremediable; in- 
corrigible. 

iridaoyn.; a2«o bfetixna: — ^victim; dupe. 

iaa, n.; — ^rainbow. 

isa, V. 1.:— to flatter; to gain over by 
complimentary speech. 

iaa, V. tr.: — to raise; to haul up. 

ia&giie, v, tr.; alio ofende; n&-ald; 
afla; n&-cbiltBaga: — to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage; to affront. 

isao, adj.; also lache: — amiss; wrong; 
faulty. 

fsao, n.; also written faau: — guilt; crime; 
sin. 

fsao, adj.; alio written faau; also culpa- 
ble; lalat-diyon: — reprehensible; de- 
ser\ii^ censure; culpable. 

fsao ni d&£^ulo: — felony; crime pun- 
ishable by imprisonment or death. 

iseg, V. tr.: — to perforate; to go throu^. 

iala, n.; also teind; pedasiton tand nl 
niredondea ni taai: — ^island. 

iatdria, n.; — history; legend. 

itbana, n.; also jinetbana: — quilting 
seam. 

itiiSg, V. tr.; also fanfd; joca: — ^to pluck; 
to pick off; to gather. 

iyo, adj., adv.: — own; proper; suitable; 
pertinent; fitting. 

iyomo, fTon.: — your. 

iyon, V. i.: — to belong to; to pertain to. 

iyon e&g:&) adj.y adv.; also t&iaat^ 
t&iaai: — bestial; brutish; animal. 

iyon mata, adj.: — facial; pertaining to 
the face. 

iyota, pron.: — our; pertaining to us; 
belonging to us. 



1a I inter j.: — ah! 
a, prefix: — same as guai {ex., ja-sulon, 

adj.: — slippery, from aulon, to slip). 
Ja, pers. pron.: — third person, imperf. 

(see "Grammatical notes"). 
]&, «uj^;— denotes only: alone (ex., jago 
Jft na maisa: — thou alone). 



!a, prefia:: — indicates repetition, 
a&ne^ n.; also dia (Sp.): — day; the period 
of li^t between sunrise and sunset; 
daylight; sunlight. 
ja&nen giipot, n.; also g^uinepte: — 
holiday; a day of freedom Som Isibor in 
celebration of some event. 



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ibyGobgTe ^ 



j&bao 



181 



]&mon 



]&bao, V. tr.: — to snatch; to take or seize 

bruptly. 
j&bon, n.: — soap; also jabune, v. tr.: — to 

soap; to flatter; to lather. 
]&bubo, adj.; also j&pinalala; ixnpetu- 

OBo:---given to anger; passionate; im- 
petuous. 
Jabune, v. tr.: — to soap; to lather; to 

flatter. 
Jaoot, V. tr.; also ch&Jlau or ch&Jlao; 

gdte: — to grab; to seize suddenly; to 

snatch, 
jach&i^aa, adj.^ adv.; al$o puniardrejo; 

uxn&ohul6; ach&igua: — resembling; 

similar. 
Jachita, n.; aUo aacapico; asada: — 

hatchet; pickax; mattock; hoe. 
1ach6n, n.;— torch (uped when fishing). 
jado, n.; — godson; child to be baptiz^; 

prot^6; neophyte;* also jada: — female 

child. 

!&e, n.: — ^brow; forehead, 
afa, n.; also materia; coaa (Sp.): — 

matter; thing; cause. 
jafaP pron.: — ^what? which? something; 

also jayeP— who? 
jafa taimanQy adv.; also aft jafa: — ^how; 

in what manner; to wl^at degree or 

extent; for what reason. 
]&le, n.; also estdyas: — splinter; splint. 
jaffia^, adj.f adv.; also m&mamt&; — 

fertile; fruitful; prolific. 

iafno, n.;— high tide. 
afjft, adv.; also masea jafa: — ^whatever, 
afot, i;. tr.; also tatne: — to inter; to 
bury; to entomb. 

Jafnd, n.: — tide (of the sea). 

jafnd, a(/j.;— full of; filled with. 

jaft&imano, n.: — ^manner; method; mode 
of action; habit. 

; agft, n.: — blood. 

; aga, n.; also ija: — daughter. 

; ae&, n.; also mamnlg jagft; jinagft: — 
dysentery. 

jagan, n.: — tortoise; turtle. 

lagan betde, n.: — green turtle. 

jag^ad; also abxnam; desde antes: — 
since olden times. 

y jagas na bidaj also y mApos na 
bida:— the past life. 

Jagasas, n.; also bftyag: — branch of a 
coco palm (usually applied to one 
fallen irom the tree and dried). 

]tea8]&, adv.; also asta pago: — ^hereto- 
K)re; previously; hitherto. 

JagatfLa, n.; — the capital of Guam, 
Agafia. 

jago, pers. pron.: — you; plural^ jamyo. 

jagd, v. tr.; also consigue; tac&; ta^ 
tiye: — to reach; to accomplish; to ob- 
tain; to attain; to follow. 
iagon, n.; also ojas: — ^leaf. 
agon, n.; also rama8:^oliage. 

jaeonf&, n.; — local name for a small file- 
fish; has a mouth like a tumed-up beak; 
the skin is blue with orange spots. 

jago^, v. %.: — ^to breathe. 



Jagoja, adj.; also written ja-guja:— 
asthmatic. 

ija, n.;— needle, 
i-e, V. tr.; also respeta; estima: — to 
esteem; to respect. 

ialguas, n.: — coconut shell, 
ailas, V. %.; also tay&: — to suffer want, 
ailas, n.; also pineble: — poverty; want;. 

i penury; defiaency. 
aja, V. %.: — to breathe; to blow. 
(Janon, adj.; also mAlag:— -burning, 
y j&jatme gumft, n.; also saque:— bur- 
glar. 
iauon, n.; — twine; strong thread, 
aia, V. tr.; also caicai:— to pull; to drag;, 
to haul; to tug. 

ialacha: — sometime past. 
alag, adj.y adv.; also apenas; 6oalag^ 
esoaso: — scarce; not plentiful; seldom 
met with; seldom; a few times; rarely. 

JalalS^, V. tr.; also asusta; jo£gaK%:-^ 
to frighten; to startle; to terrify. 

jalayon yan jeduyon: — elastic; re- 
bounding. 

JH16; V. tr.; also guaje:— to pull out by 
the roots; to grub; to root out of the 

i ground; to dig up. 
aid, n.; — ^root. 
al6I (or lalll):— the equivalent of *'get 
up;'* idiomatic expression used by 
drivers of carabaoe. 

Jaligue, n.; cdso estaca; jotcon: — post; 
stake; pole; pale. 

jallon, adj.; also jaliyon: — extirpable; 
eradicable (capable of being pulled out 
by the roots). 

jalum. adv.; also sanjalum: ^uijalum. — 
insiae; there within; witnin. 

jalum, V. i.: — to go in. 

jaluman, v. %.; also mali£go jaftnilia; 
maliUgo; m&tai: — to perish; to lose 
life. 

jalum-tand, n,; also san jalum na 
patte; chagd jalum na patte ^^ui 
tand:— forest; bush; woods; interior; 
inland. 

ialilo, n.: — shark. 

jam; jame, oer«. pron.; — ^we; jam: — ^us, 

j&mafag, aaj.^ adv.; also pasca; que- 
brantayon: — fragile; brittle; easily 
broken. 

j&malefa, adj.^ adv.; also f&malefa; 
distraido: — forge tfiil; oblivious; liable 
to be forgotton. 

j&mafiiente, adj.y adv.; j&bubu: — sen- 
sitive; touchy; irritable. 

jamas, adv.: — ever; at any time. 

j&me, V. tr.: — to warm. 

jftmlatigo, adj.; also j&- m alag g ^: — 
sickly. 

jamoctan, n.; — local name of a spotted 
lancet fiah; body elevated, compressed, 
short; brownish speckled with round 
white dots; two bluish- white cross- 
bands on the body and one on the 
shoulders; tail armed with spines; 
mouth like the snout of a sheep. 

j6mon, n.;— ham. 



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jamyo 



182 



jenerasite 



Jamyoy pers. pron. plural:— yon; Jago, 

singular: — you. 
jan&^e, v. t.; also ikp6mg^e: — to go 

through. 
J&nao, V. tr.f v. %.; also f&lag; l&nau: — 

to go to ; to go away; to leave. 

j&naoy V. tr.; also detetxmna; destina; 

nA-]anao: — to direct; to order; to 

conclude; to determine; to designate; 

tagd: — to direct. 
jan6otate, adv.; also debaetta (Sp.): — 

backwards, 
jancut, n.;— local name of a fish having 

upper jaw short, lower jaw prolonged 

into a beak. 

ianda, n.: — a call (to chase away a dog). 
&£^, V. tr.; also malagd; tad^:~-to 

want to; to will, 
janjan, v. i.:—to threaten with raised 

forefinger, 
janon, v. tr.; also 80lS|:gue; sunog: — to 
bum up. 

SaTiiiTTi, n.; — water, 
anum enestila, n.: — distilled water, 
janum maSsen, n.; also chiguan: — 

brine; pickle, 
jao, pron.; also tvrUten isMi — you; sing.^ 
used objectively. 

iikotf n.; also pecho: — breast, 
ara, n.; also gutgureta:— pail for 
carrying water; jar; esurthenware pot 
or vessel; jug; pitcher; crock; water 
jug. 

jasan, adj.^ adv.; also escaso; raro: — 
rare; unusual; few; not many. 

jasan, n.; also m&taiflalanfe: — famine; 
extreme dearth; scarcity. 

jaaay&ijon, r. %.; also jaso; Jinason- 
fUdjon: — to bear in mind; to remem- 
ber. 

Jaa^gon, adj., adv.; also adrede; de- 
pots! ma-jasuye: — premeditated; de- 
signed; intentional. 

jaa^ot, n.: — ginger. 

Jaso, V. tr.f V. %.: — to think; to co^tate; 
to reflect upon; to be of the opimon. 

Jaao, V. tr.; also man jaso; atan; con- 
templa: — to recollect; to call to mem- 
ory; to observe; to contemplate; to 
view; laso desde antes: — to foreca£(t; 
to predict. 

Jaspog, V. tr.; also bula; tujus: — to 
satiate. 

jaspog, p. p.: — sated; satiated. 

jasta, n.: — flag mast. 

jasta, conj.; iasta que (Sp.); asta; asta 
que: — until. 

j a s t a £g:&ian; also wriUen asta 
£g&ianP — until when? 

jasta pftgOj adv.; also j&gasja:— hereto- 
fore; previously; hitherto. 

jasule, n.: — name of an ell living in fresh- 
water streams. 

j&-8ulon, adj., adv.; also f anlatilan; latd 
pal&gsd: — slippery. 

jastisuye, adj.; also intension&o: — 
intending. 



jasuye, v. tr.; also nA-Jaso; recuetda 
jinasonfUdJon; atotgaye com6t- 
sic: — to calculate; to estimate; to con- 
sider; to resolve; to intend; to remind* 
to put in remembrance; to call to mind 
of; to speculate. 

jasuye demasiao, v. %.: — to brood; to 
worry; to indulge in melanchdy 
meditation. 

J&talapos, adj.; also masi^alafig:'' 
ragged; rent or worn into rags; destitate. 

iatdfn, n.; also juetto; juerto: — garden, 
atdin de frutas:-«-orchard; an inclosure 
of fruit trees. 

iatdinero, n.: — gardener. 
atme, v. tr.: — to enter; to go into; to 
come into; to penetrate; to attack sud- 
denly; to supnse (the enemy). 
!atp6n, n.;— harpoon, 
atsa,!;. tr.;— to lift, 
atsa, V. %.; also cajat; cajuld; n&- 
cajuld: — to rise; to ascend; to begin to 
stir. 
Jatsa, V. tr.; also nH-cajuld: — to erect (on 
a foundation); to promote; to advance; 
to raise to higher rank; also jala Juld; 
isa:— to hoist; to lift or raise with 
tackle, 
jatsamiento, n.; also pl&ito: — ^rebellion; 

tumult; insurrrection. 
jatsamiento, v. tr.,v. %.; also enxbeste; 
jumatsamiento; y&uyau: — to rebel; 
to mutiny; to revolt; to assail; to seize; 
to attack. 
jattituiSgdJft, adv.: — ^knowingly. 

iatulSj^ umatte, adj.: — artful; cunning, 
au (or jao), pers. pron.: — thou (used 
following a verb). 

!au jau, n.: — barking of a dog. 
aujau, V. %.: — to bark; to howl; to 
bellow. 

JayeP— who? which? 

jayejd; masea jaye:^whoever. 

jayo, n.; also tabla: — wood; lumber; 
timber; firewood. 

jayon matutoxCg, n.: — ^fuel; combusti- 
ble material lor supplying a fire; fire- 
wood for the kitchen. 
iebiyas, n.;— buckle; clasp, 
echura, n.; also inaregla: — ^kind; chai^ 
acteristic; shape; exterior; method; 
system; order. 

jediuran t&otao, n.; — ^humanity; man- 
kind; a2«o umanid&d; jechurafla 
gui sagalia: — situation; position. 

j6cu&, 71.; duda; jinecura:— doubt; im- 
certainty of mind. 

jedo, V. %.; also majedo; macale^o: — 1/9 
shrivel; to dry up; to become wnnkled; 
to become disheartened; to crumple (cr.. 
paper). 

ledo, V. tr.;-^to tuck up (the skirt). 

efe, n.; — chief. 

elefi^ga, n.; — syringe; squirt. 

jemplo, n.; — ^legend; a romantic story. 

jenerasidn, n. — generation. 



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jfinero 



183 



jinigner 



Jfoero, n.; — gender; grammatical dis- 
tinction of sex (sinaSgaii para u di- 
nistiiEgui cao laje pat paJ&uan pat 
niuno). 

j^lS^guan, adj.^ adv.^ adv. conj.; also 
jongguiyon^ JtbSgguan:— perhaps. 

j^^^t^iaii, adj. J adv.; also Jo£B:gui^on; 
jdj^^guan: — ^probable; likely; verisim- 
ilar. 

J^nio, n.; also uxnot: — mood; temper of 
mind; frame of mind; character. 

jeiuQ:a2i, n.: — mob; rude, disorderly 
crowd. 

jen£|^aii, n.; — greed; avarice; greediness; 
also t&ilaye: — vile man; a base man. 

jentigan, adj., adv.: — self-seeking; self- 
ish; avaricious; greedy; niggardly. 

jentan, v. tr.; also gach&; sod&: — ^to 
meet; to find; to recover. 

IeogrB.fi&f n. .---geography, 
eometria, n.; — geometry, 
eraxnienta, n.; — tool; instrument, 
eramienta para man-aprie ta: — clamp, 
jereria, n.; — smithy; a smithes workshop. 
lerero, n.;— blacksmith. 
Jexida, n.; also defecto; chetnot: — de- 
fect; sore; wound; abscess. 
jetbana, v. tr.; also patche: — to patch 

together, 
jfcamas, n.; — local name for yam bean or 
turnip bean; usually eaten raw, but is 
also prepared with oil and vinegar in 
the form of a salad, 
jichom, n.; — shutters; also tampe: — 

cover. 
Jigado, n. — Oliver. 

jigante, n.: — giant; a man of extraordi- 
nary stature. 
Jiguef, V. tr.; also ]ol5^£g: — to surprise; 

to take unawares; to lay hold of. 
Jigum, n.; — ^local name of a small-mouthed 
fish of the same family as the tataluxn 
and tatamuzSig^ (which see). 
[lijot, n.; also adbiento: — advent. 
[Jocog, adj. J adv.; also f&fapus: — transi- 
tory; fleeting; perishable. 
Jijoroba, adj., adv., also xnizuolestia; 
t&i-majgo^: — annoying; troublesome. 



jflosguan, n.: — distrustful person. 

y« 



tiiot, adj.: — adjacent; close "to. 

Jijot, adj., adv.; also gusl; c&dad&: — 

brief; rfiort; concise, 
tila, V. tr.; also n&-quilolog: — to spin, 
jilera, n.; — row (of nouses). 
Jilltaiy n.: — local name for a bird-eating 

lizard. 

So, n.; — thread. 
on, n.; also pedason mamgo ni 
d&lalai: — tape; narrow band of linen or 
cotton cloth. 

JildfLa, prep.; also sanJilO; aye; Jijot: — 
over; above; upon; on; at; near. 

Jilon diotda, n.: — basting thread. 

y JUd ogsd n.: — on the peak of a hill; 
on the top of a mountain; puntan 
o^b6 — peak of a hill; top of a moun- 
tain. 



Jinafa, n.; also jafa; gttiniya; bus* 
t&nflia: — object; thmg; being; sub- 
stance; matter. 

jinafnd y tasi: — arising water; incoming 
tide. 

jinagotSg:, n.; also alentos; aUentos: — 
breath. 

Jinago^ na fejznan, v. %.: — to pant; to 
breathe hard. 

jinalum, n.; also turitten Jinalom: — 
heart; the inner man; soul. 

jiTvtliiTn, n.; also entrada; jinalom: — 
entrance; the act of entering. 

jinalum, adj.; also jinalom; jalum; 
Jalom: — mental; pertaining to the 
mind; intellectual; fancied; imaginary. 

jin&nao, n.: — departure; also pattida;. 
salida: — sailing; also jin&nau:— de- 
livery; the act of delivering. 

jinasfi^une, n.; also tin&^matllee^ 
tinftmaule^; malisia: — malice; delib- 
erate; mischief. 

jinaso, n.; also sentido; um6t; ra- 
s6n: — memory; reason; thought; mindv 
intellect; unaerstanding; wit; humor; 
reason. 

jinaso, n.; also jufsio; min^jnalom^ 
decreto: — decree; sentence; judg- 
ment; ma jaso:— realization; accom- 
plishment; idea; gttinfiiya: — ^fancy; 
idea; notion; liking. 

jinason atmaziao, n.:— delirium (in 
fever); aberration of the mind. 

jinasonfi&ijon; also jasaylUion; jaso:— 
to bear in mind; to remember. 

jinatme, n.; also atoehocho para una. 
t&ilaye: — invasion; hostile incursion. 

jinatme, v. tr.; also ohinepdiop: — ta 
saturate; to soak; to imbue. 

jinatme nuuSg^lO, n.: — flatulence; dis- 
tension of the stomach, caused by gases. 

jineca, n.; cosecha; y quindcO: — 
harvest. 

jineoura. n.; also duda; j^cuH; jin6- 
CU&: — Qoubt; uncertainty of mind. 

jinegsft, n.; also pugas; fae: — ^rice. 

jinemeninatan, n.; also puten-mata: — 
eyesore; anything that offends the 
sight. 

jinemlom, n.; — darkness. 

jinemlO, n.; also num&lo:— recovery; 
restoration to health. 

jinemlO, n.; also saltid: — ^health; condi- 
tion of health. 

jine^lgue, n.; also fe; sentido; indi- 
nasion: — belief; faith; notion; incli- 
nation. 

jinefid, n.; also nin&t&ilaye; guine£g:- 
goxCg; minattrata; mattrato:— mal- 
treatment; oppression. 

jineroba, n.; also minel^stia: — annoy- 
ance; molestation. 

jinetbana, n.; also jetbana: — quilting 
seam. 

jinlgua, n.: — sudden squall; gale: a 
strong wind. 

jiniguef, n.; also emboscada:— ambush. 



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JUJO 



jinilat, n.; also fLnejznan; fuetsa; 
mineteot; najoiq^; ninisilUt:— 
strength ; force ; power; vigor; efficiency ; 
effectual agency; ability. 

linilat nx&isa:— eelf-control; self-denial. 

JinijolSI:, n.; also written jiniyvuSg: — 
effect; consequence; final result; out- 
come. 

Jipato, adj.; also b6gsion:— pale; li^t 
colored. 

Jipocresia, n.;— hypocrisy. 

Jip6orito, n.; also written ipooreaia; ipo- 
crito; also eadd mamftmftaleg:— 
hypocrite; dissembler. 

jlBtdiia, n.; — ^hysteria; nervous paroxysm 
of laughter or weeping. 

Jita, pers. pron.: — we; ^t: — ^us. 

)iti£g, n.; — ^name of a large fish resem- 
bling the sesyan (which see). 

Jiyug. n.;— local name applied to a beau- 
tiful surgeon fish; has wnite spine, Yel- 
low, black, and blue stripes, and a ring 
about the mouth. 

joben, adj.f also patgon: — ^youthful; 
fresh; vigorous; young; juvenile. 

joca, V. tr.; also xanfd; iHjSj^; recoje; 
nft-etnon:— to pluck; to pick off; to 
gather. 

jocog, adj.; also malelSgo or znali£|:o: — 
gone; ruined; lost. 

jocoe-flalang, v. %.; also can& mfttai 
fialati^:— to starve; to suffer extreme 
hunger. 

loflae, V. tr.: — to lick. 

j6gaaot, n.;— gambler; one who gambles 
as a business. 

J6gUe, V. tr.: — to carry (a child). 

joguete, n.; also chicheria:— gewgaws; 
toy. 

j6]om]oni, n.; lemlem t&otao: — dark- 
ening; twilight; gloaming. 

16]o8guan, adj.: — envious. 

jome, V. tr.: — to darken; to cast a shadow 
upon; to overshadow; to refract; to 
break the natural course of light, vision, 
etc. 

jomjom, adj.: — obscure; dark; illegible! 
secluded; tumble; dusky; destitute o^ 
light. 

jomjom, adj., adv.; also n&ma&fiao: — 
gruesome; horrible of aspect; inspiring 
gloom or horror. 

jonjom na cuatto: — a dark apartment. 

jomjom uehan, n.; also mapagajes: — 
cloud. 

jomld, V. tr., V. i.; also num&lo:— to re- 
vive; to recover life; to recover from 
sickness. 

jomld tftlo, n.; also lum&l&; ]ineml6: — 
revival; renewal of life. 

]o]i|:a£g, V. tr.: — to amaze; to confound; 
to stun with fear; to astonish. 

jo]^a£g, V. tr.; also f&fl&gUe: aminasa; 
n£-ma4flao: — to scare; to frighten; to 
strike with sudden fear. 

jo^a^, V. i.; also maJo^a£g; maj- 
^a: — to be frightened. 



jofEfr^e, V. tr.; also osgue; pOlo:— to 
believe; to yield; to submit; to concede; 
to induce; to persuade; to cauae. 

Jotfggue, adj., adv.; also deboto; man- 
loi^gue; je^gae: — devout; true 
believing. 

JoiSgguiyon, adv., conj.; also acaso 
can&; sffiaj&; Jti^t^guaii or JotSg- 
guan: — perhaps; may be; by chance 

joSjj'^uiyon, adj.: — credible; worthy of 

JoAeuiyon, adj., adv.; also 8ifiaJ&:— 
likely; verisinular; probable. 

jofi6. V. tr.; also tugotSg;; oprime; ga- 
ehft; nA-lamen; stigolSfr:— to press 
down; to crush (wim tne hand); to at- 
tack; to take hold of; to suppress; to 
subdue; to crush; to maltreat. 

Joroba, v. tr.; also n&-Gh6tBaga; mo- 
l^stia: — to annoy; to molest. 

J68^:uan, adj., adv., also ■ospechoso:— 
distrustful; suspicious. 

lotca, n.: — gallows. 

lotca, V. tr.; also ffttinaa: — ^to execute. 

Jotcon, n.; — pillar; a column to supp(»1; 
a building. 

jotgue, V. %.; also suaede: — ^to befall; to 
happen. 

iotma, V. tr.: — to mold; to do; to build, 
otnalero, n.; also pe6n: — day laborer; 

helper; piece in the game of checkere. 
Jotne, V. tr.: — to pierce; to pull through 

(a cord); to mount (a horse or bull); to 

thread a needle (jotne ni y jilo y 

Jaguja). 
Jotno, n.; also logon: — baking oven; 

oven; hearth. 
Jotnon afog, n.: — limekiln, 
jotyat, V. tr.; also raapa; safe: — to 

scrape off; to scratch off; to brush. 
Joyo, n.; also trinchera: — ^trench; ditch; 

excavation; furrow; well; pit. 
jubenttid, n.: — youth, 
juchom, V. tr.; also enoaja; engatsa; 

also written juchum: — to inclose; to 

incase; to mme; to debar; to shut 

out; to exclude, 
juchom duro, v. tr.; also Juchom duro; 

n&pa£gpa]^: — to slam; to shut vio- 
lently and with a loud noise. 
jtiebeB, n.: — ^Thursday. 
jllego, n.; also Jugando:-;-game; a 

sport or diversion; fun; frolic. 
lUego de bolas: — bowling game, 
jilegon aalapd, v. %.: — ^to gamble; to 

play for money, 
jil^s, n.: — ^judge. 

jugando; Jumugaado, v. i.: — to play, 
juguajnom, v. %.: — to aissolve; to melt; 

to become thin. 

iugum, V. tr.: — to press out; to oppress. 
ugtipaUf n.; also written jugdpao:— -a 

black surgeon fish. 
Jufsio, n.; also sent^nsia; pliito:— 
sentence; judgment; decision; law- 
suit; process of law; court proceeding. 
JuJo, V. tr.; also soyd; ofrese; com- 
bida: — to bid; to make an offer of. 



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laje 



jujo, V. tr.; also agalS^e; soyO: — to 
invite. 

JulA, V. tr., V, %.: — ^to swear; to take oath 
to; to pledge by oath. 

lulft, n.: — tongue. 

JulAt, V. tr.; also d^lLau; petde; eho- 
mA: — to overcome; to reduce to sub- 
jection; to conquer; to forbid; to van- 
quish. 

Julat, V. tr.; also tuta; dolSg^oti^: — to 
beat; to pound. 

; ule, n.; omo ule:— oilcloth. 

; tUio, n.; — July. 

; olo, n.: — ^thunder. 

;ulog, V. tr., V. i.; also ehaod; nft- 
chac&; majlog:— snap; to break 
short or instantaneously; to crack. 

Julon, n.; also mAgas; msigftlaje; 
eobiet]iad6t: — ^magistrate; governor. 

JuloBy V. tr.: — to smooth out. 

y jum&jaloni, n.; also gan&Bsia: — ^in- 
come; the gain from labor, business, 
propcaty, or capital. 

lumSlozn, v. t.;— to suppose. 

jum&nao, v. %.; also written junx&nau: — 
to proceed; to advance. 

iuzn&nao para otro tanO:— to emigrate. 

luxnan&ufal^. adv.: — ^upvrard. 

jtun6cu&, aaj.f adv.; also dudoso; 
juzn^JeotUl:— doubtful; dubious; Ques- 
tionable; undecided; undetermined. 



jumijot, V. X.; also subida; chijit: — to 

approach; to draw nearer. 
JumuyoiSgfia, v. %.; also resutta; 

JiniyoiSffia: — to result; to follow as a 

consequence. 
joznuyoiSgfia, n.; also jiniyoiSgfia: — 

reemt; consequence. 
juna, adj.; also bineno; t&tatse; ji- 

Juna: — ^poisonous. 

iiina, n.; also bineno; Jljuna: — ^poison. 
d^teuan, adv.. conj.; also nlLald; 
puedejd:— haply; perhaps; may be; by 
chance. 

iii^og, V. tr.y V. t.: — ^to hear; to listen. 
uHgucon, adj.; also eoutf^oon: — 

audible; capable of being heara. 
jfiQio, n.;— June. 
Junta, n.; also inetnon: — assembly; 

group; society, 
junto, n.; — fat: salve. 
lutL^an; also Juo: — ^yes. 
]U8ga, V. tr.: — ^to award; to adjudge; to 

bestow. 
Juato, adj.y adv.; gasgas; t&ipinetju- 

dica: — impartial] free from partiality; 

xmprejudiced; fair; just. 

!U8to, adj.y adv.; also tunaa:— just, 
uto, V. tr.; also written Jutu: — ^to use up; 
to spread; to weed out. 

!uto, n.; also gk^ gaponnlo:— 4ouse. 
uyujSg:! adv.y interj.: — outside! outl 
get out! 



L. 



la-, prefix: — denotes ascendant degree 

(see * 'Concise grammar," p. 11). 
l&-abinain: — ^for some time; for quite 

some time. 
laba, V. tr.; also luluque; olaba:— to nail; 

to fasten. 
labandera, n.: — ^laundress. 
Iabad6t, n.; also palan^^ana or palang- 

gana: — ^lavatory; retiring room. 
l&bioB, n.: — lips. 
labit, n.; — violin, 
labia, v. tr.; also written labbla: — to carve; 

to form a design by cutting in wood, 

stone, etc. 
labon, adj.: — ^tailless. 
lach&, V. %.; also l&lachft; — to wallow in 

the mud; to lay down in the mud 

(referring to the habit of the carabao).^ 
l&chai, V. tr.; a2«o ii&-y&fai: — ^to consume; 

to use up entirely (leaving nothing); to 

exhaust: to drain. 
lache, adj.; also fsao: — amiss; wrong; 

faulty, 
lache, n.; also i^nAtftilaye, inecho^: 

wrong; fault; injury; injustice. 
lAchog, V, %.; also dooO; maftuso:— to 

shoot forth; to sprout. i 
lacre, n.; also cola:— sealinjg wax. 
lactos, n.; also tltucft:— thistle; thorn, 
ladera, n.;— cliff ; rock, 
ladriyo, n.; also teja:— brick: tile. 
Iadr6n, n.; also saque: — thief. 



laet, V. tr.: — to hurt; to grieve. 

laet, n.; also l&laet:— gall; the bile. 

lagnoB, V. tr.; also goane; also written 
lagnus:— to draw out; to pull out; to 
sprain a joint. 

lagd, p. p.: — ^melted; nft-lagO, v. %.: — to 
melt; 161agd: — ^melting. 

lagO, n.: — tear. 

lago, n.; also gui lago; san lago: — 
north. 

lagse, v. tr.y V. i.: — to sew; to stitch. 

l&gsisi, I', tr.: — to ejaculate; to utter sud- 
denly. 

l&gii&, n.;— net. 

l&-guadog, V. tr.: to deepen. 

laguan&. n.: — ^vemacular for the soursop, 
a small tree bearing large dark-green 
fruit having a spiny skin and filled with 
a soft white juicy acid pulp; the na- 
tives make a jelly of it and preserve the 
fruit. 

laguna, n.; also jagoy:— sea; lagoon: 
lake; a large body of water surrounded 
by land. 

lai, n.: — law; jurisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess. 

Iftiguan, n.; — local name for a fish of the 
mullet \'wety; called lisa by the Span- 
ish; has a flat head, large scales, a sil- 
very body with slight wash of yellow; 
is a favorite food fish. 

laje, n.; also t&otao: — man; male. 



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latgt 



laje, adj.: — masculine; pertaining to a 
man. 

laie na patgon, n.;— eon; a male child. 

lajyaxi, adj.; aUo m6gai: — many numer- 
ous. 

lajyaxiy adv.; al»o m6gai: — much ; great in 
qiiantity or amount. 

lajyan maiS^&caata, n.; — chorus; a 
niunber singing in concert. 

lAlft, adj.f adv.; alto robuBto: — alive; vi- 
vacious; full of life; lusty; robust; vigor- 
ous; healthy. 

l&lft, V. %.: — to live; to exist; to have life. 

l&Ul, adj.; also U malatf^; brabo: — 
hale; sound bodily. 

l&labit, n.: — violin player. 

161ache an cumuentos, v. %.; also tu- 
mattamudo: — to stammer; to falter in 
speaking. 

y l&lagse, n.: — sewer. 

lalajen g^era, n.; also gMexero sija: — 
warriors. 

UUft3.&, adj., adv.; also brabo: — living; 
alive; quick. 

161ala]&, V. It.; also t&tatte m&tai:— to 
survive; to outlive. 

lalalO, V. %.: — to snarl; to growl (like an 
angry dog) (tai^ji y laULlald na 
g&lago). 

lala^Ja, n.; — ^local name for the shad- 
dock, a variety of orange; not eaten by 
the natives; sometimes eaten by ^e 
European foreigners, but its flavor is 
not especially good. 

l&la]!£go, adj., adv.; also t&iainiente: — 
senseless; Mnting; in a swoon. 

l&la|Sgo, V. X.; also mamait&guan: — to 
faint; to fall in a swoon. 

lala£^fi&ijon, n.; — ^faint; swoon. 

lalatde, v. tr.; also la-latde: — to scold; 
to reprove; to chide; to treat roughly. 

lalatde talc, v. tr.; also tuxn&lo la 
laid: — to retort; to oppose; to object. 

lalatde tftlo, v. tr.; also tumAlo lalalO; 
ope; contra: — to retort; to oppose; to 
object. 

lalat-diyon, adj.; also fsao; culpable: — 
reprehensible; deserving censure; cul- 
pable. 

laid, n.:— fly. 

la-niago£g^, v. i.; also magofg^: — to re- 
cuperate; to become less severe. 

lamas, v. %.; also putlilo: — ^to rot; to 
spoil; to decay; to decline or fall; to 
become decomposed; to putrefy. 

lamas, adj.; also yuyog: — overripe; rot- 
ten {ex., fruit). 

lamasa, n.: — table; planta y lamaaa: — 
to set the table. 

lamen, v. tr.; also n&-lamen: — to beat; 
to wound. 

lamentasidn, n.; alsoiDigu£J^; lamen- 
to; yanto: — lament; song of woe; 
moan; wail. 

leLToit^ adv.; alsoemp^i meyo; medio 
(5p.):-half. 



lamlaTTi, adj.; oZaodaro; puro; mftla^, 

mafiffiiUl: — clear; bri^t; pure; bril- 
liant; sparkling; lustrous; tuning; 

glistening; casting radiance. 
1 ami am; majlos, adj.: also pulido:— 

polished; furbidied. 
lamog, v. %.; dso mutoffi: — to stink; to 

emit a strong offensive odor, 
lampaso, n.;— cleaning rag; poliahing 

cloth, 
lampaso ni g;&itegpo£S:: — mop; im- 
plement for washing floors, 
n.; — wool. 

n.; also as&ite: — oil. 
V. i.: — ^to snore, 
lanchero, n.; also sementerero; gui- 

gruasan:— farmer; peasant, 
lanchita, n.: — yacht, 
lancho, n.; also sadl-gaxie; hasienda 

(Sp.): — shack; hut; cabin; randi; 

farm. 
lafQ^, n.; — dupe; one easily tricked; 

credulous person. 
la£gft, adj., adv.; also 61b£j^; baba; 

totpe: — stupid; foolish; siUy; dull; 

simple. 
li/iS^jSLO. n.: vernacular for the mareh 

fern, a large robust fern growing in 

marshy places; common in the marshes 

near Agafia. 
la£|^t, n.; also fitmamento (Sp.); 

paraiso: — sky; heaven; firmament; 

paradise, 
laniya, n.; also flanela:— flannel; shirt. 
laasa, n.: — lance, 
lanseta, n.; — ^lancet, 
lac, n.; also banda; oriya: — side, 
lao^, n.; also bago: — ^tramp. 
l&olao, n.; also written ISkuLaxL: — quiver; 

throb; palpitation. 
l&pida, n.: — ^tombstone, 
lapis, n.; — pencd. 
laxg^uero, n.; latg^uero: — shaft (of a 

vehicle). 
lasa, V. tr.: — to rub; to knead; to apply 

massage; to press, 
lasarino, n.; also ategtog: — leprosy; 

leper. 
lasas, n.; also ddgas; oarac6t; lasas 

jayo:-— shell; skin; crust; rind; husk. 
lasas, V. tr.; also sufan: — ^to skin; to peel- 
lasas &tadog, n.; also b&bale: — eyelid, 
y lasas gui sanjilO na banda gui ilo:— 

spalp. 
laso, 71.; also 6codo: — ^laaso; loop; snare; 

trap, 
lastre, n.:— ballast, 
lat-, prefix:— denoting more, 
lata, n.;— tin box; tm can; metal veseel. 
latd, n.; also satna; bosbos: — itch; scab; 

scurf. 
latigaao, v. tr., v. i.; also n&-bdlembao y 

l&tieo: — to apply chastisement; to 

wield the rod. 
l&t-fdnal interj.: — forward! advance! 
latea, adj., adv.; also embidiosa; egg^r 

jojosguan: — envious; jealous; grudg- 
ing. 



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linimntan 



lat^, adj. J adv.; also ch&ttao; mes- 
quinoj aUo written ch&ttau: — etingy; 
avaricious. 

latga-bista, n.:— epyglaee; small tele- 
scope. 

lateuero, n.; pole; shaft (of a wagon). 

MkUgOy n.;— -Whip. 

Iat6, adj.y adv.; also j6-8tilon; palagsd; 
faxilatdan:--slippery. 

Iat6n, n.; aUo bronse: — brass. 

lau, conj.; lao; aUo sin enbateo, adv.: — 
but; notwithstanding; neverUieless. 

l&ulau, V. %.; also ma je^^yo^i — ^to 
quake; to tremble; to shake. 

l&ulau ma^fiao, v. %.: — ^to shudder; to 
tremble with fear or horror. 

lauya, n.; also c&ntaro: — cooking kettle. 

laya^, n.: — sail. 

Iftyau, V. %.: — to stroll around; to go 
around idly. 

layO, V. %.: — to be envious. 

laydy adj.f adv.; also t&glayo: — envious; 
discontented. 

leba y a£^cla, v. tr.: — ^to weigh anchor. 

lebadura, n.; — ^yeast; sour doueh. 

leblo, n.; also written lebblo:— -book. 

leblon cuenta, n.: — ^ledger; the principal 
account book of a mercantile house. 

leotura, n.: — ^lecture; fonpal discourse on 
any subject. 

leg&t, adj.y adv.; also tunas; confotme 
ylai (or lay): — ^legal; pertaining to law; 
permitted or authorized by law; legiti- 
mate. 

legitime, adj.f adv. — ^legitimate; conju- 
gal; lawful. 

l^eua, n.: — ^league; mile; miya: — mile. 

lena, n.:— lye; alkaline solution. 

lem^n, adj.: — shady. 

lebom, V. tr.; also oriyaye: — to surround; 
to inclose on all sides. 

lemenda, v. tr.: — to mend; to repair. 

lemlemt&otao, n.; also ti^^f jomjom; 
triniate: — gloaming; twilight; gloom; 
melancholy; partial darkness; obscu- 
rity. 

lemoe, n.:— pestle; rammer; also falo: — 
beeUe. 

lemon, n.; — lemon; citron; lime. 

lemonada, n.; — ^lemonade. 

lemunayas, n.; also inina: — illumina- 
tion. 

lente, n.: — lens; a glass for changing the 
direction of rays of Ught. 

Ie6n, n.: — ^lion. 

leeton, n.; also &nla8giie: — edge; ledge 
of wood; lath; strip of wood. 

leston d&lalai, n.;-Alsle; a fine thread or 
lace. 

letania, n.: — ^litany; a solemn responsive 
form of supplication. 

letque, v. tr.; also ebita; — to evade; to 
flee; to avoid sin; to turn out of the way. 

letran atf abeto, n.;— letter of the alpha- 
bet. 

l^yog, adj.; also falcyoff: — ^hollow. 

libettad, n.: — ^liberty; fieedom. 

libra, n.: — pound (weight). 



libre, adj. ^ adv.: — ^free; out of danger; safe. 

liehexCg, n.: — tackle; pulley. 

lichera, n.: — dairy; place where milk is 
kept and convertea into butter, etc. 

Iic6t. n.; — liquor. 

lil; 116, V. tr.f v. %.: — ^to see; to look; to 
glance; to perceive. 

lint, V. i.; also lumlflt; malago: — ^to 
slink; to creep away. 

Una, n.;— garter. 

liion, adj.^ adv.; also ^anoe: — visible. 

Ifliod, ddj.f adv.; also ecEotSg:; 6olau; 
inechotSg:: — ^bent; curved; crooked; in- 
clined to do wrong. 

lima, V. tr.: — to file. 

lima, n.: — ^file. 

Umite, n.; also oriya: — ^limit; utmost; 
extent; border; boundary. 

Ifmite, V. tr.; also restricto:— to restrict; 
to confine; to limit. 

limon, n.; lemon:— local name for the 
acid lime; small; spherical; with a thin, 
smooth skin. 

limosna, n.: — aim. 

linabla, n.; — carved work; carving. 

linaohe, n.; also chindtan; inaba^ — 
fiasco; complete or ludicrous failure; 
error; misunderstanding; lapse; slight 
fault or mistake. 

lin&iles, n.; also atte: — tricks; wiles. 

linalvan, n.; also pattidon:— party. 

lin&lft, n.; also mda; adelanto: — ^life; 
animate existence; evolution; growth; 
development. 

lin&l& y tfttaotao tftlo: also linftlft tAlo; 
numMo ja&ne; ninAlo lin&l&:— resur- 
rection. 

linamlam, n.; dlso minteas; min&- 
lag:— luster; radiance; bn^tness. 

linftmon, n.; also pinayon: — experience; 
dexterity; skill. 

Ifnao, n.; also written Ifnau: — earth- 
quaxe. 

linatga, odf;.:— enviable; exciting envy. 

linat^, n.; also codi^a: — avance; cu- 
pidity. 

Ifnau, n.; also written Ifnao; also yine£&- 
yoSJ^'y ye£g:yo£^:— quake; eartn- 
quake. 

lin&ulau, n.; — ^throb; palpitation; quiver. 

lin&yau, n.; also pinecat: — walk. 

linayO, n.; also indaon; diaguato; dio- 
guatao: — ^insult; outrage; nausea; dis- 
gust; aversion. 

Unea, n.; also raya: — line; length with- 
out br^th. 

line&t, adj.: — ^lineal; composed of lines; in 
direct Ime from an ancestor. 

linec&, n.:^height; altitude; elevation. 

linii, n.; also malii: — vision; appearance. 

linii y &tadog: — eyesight; ran^ of vision. 

linijan, n.:— panic; sudden fn^t. 

linimiento, n.; aUo amot pfioai:— lini- 
ment; a medicated liquid for rubbing 
into the skin. 

linimutan, adj.; also inapolftayan: — 
moldy; covered with mold. 



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linipa 



188 



Inmot catdeniyo 



linipa, n.; also antula:— fraud; deceit; 
cneating; impoeition; humbug. 

liniti, n.; mo m—cl a :— mortar; mixture. 

lino, n.: — linen; a cloth made from flax. 

Uof, V. i.: — to dive. 

lipa, v. tr.;— to conceal; to hide; to 
diflguise. 

Uric, n.;— lily. 

Uric de palo, n.; — ^local name for the 
Mexican maguey; an agave bearing 
bulbs which sprout before falling to the 
ground; from the leaves the natives get 
a fiber with which they wrap their 
cigars. 

lisayo, n.; also oadena:— rosary; neck- 
lace. 

Iis6naia, n.; — permission; condescension; 
allowance. 

liao, adj.; also majloa; nUULafkA: — 
sleek; smooth; glossy. 

liata, n.;— list; index. 

listo, adj.f adv.; also masajegat: — 
active. 

liato, adj.f adv.; also tomtom; faye: — 
sagacious; in^nious; quick-witted. 

listo, n-.'—quickness; speed; activity. 

listo, adj.; also preparao: — prepared; 
ready. 

liter&t, adj., (k?!.:— literal; following 
the exact words. 

literato, n.; also l&minaj estampa; 
plancha: — photograph; picture. 

liti, V. tr.: — to mix; to thin out. 

liyaflg, n.; — cave; cavern. 

lobo, n.; — balloon. 

lobos, n.: — wolf. 

locft, adj.y adv.; also m^tgaa; tagquild; 
tagajlO: hi^; prominent; lofty; very 
hi^; proud. 

locat, aaj.y adv.: — ^local; pertaining to a 
place. 

loclog, V. %.: — to boil; to cook. 

loco, n.; also caduco: — lunacy; mental 
unsoundness. 

16cu6, adv.y coni.: — also; too; besides. 

lodd, adj.; also yomog; d&iSg^ulo 
tataot&ofla: — obese; fat; corpulent. 

logray V. tr.; also conquista: — ^to ac- 
quire; to procure by effort; to win by 
conquest. 

logue, conj.; also o; pat: — or; other- 
wise; else. 

1W6, n.: — cough. 

I6I08OB, V. %.: — ^rattle in the throat. 

lomo, n.; also caderas; fia^go; &ta- 
y6: — ^haunch; loins; hip. 

lona, n.: — canvas. 

lonnat, n.; also lonat: — mole; birth- 
mark. 

loro, n.; — a name applied in Guam to a 
species of parrot fishes: some have 
most beautifully colorea bodies with 
striking markings. 

losa, n.; also mapanaa na achO: — slab; 
fiat piece of stone. 

I08US, adj.^ adv.; also af6gao £got- 
n^ot:— hoarse. 

loteria, n.; also rifa:— raffle; lottery. 



lot^e, V. tr.:—U> fill; to pour in. 
lot^e, V. tr.y V. i.; also oasl; butlea; 

insutta; mofea: — to mock; to deride; 

to insult; to make fun of. 
lotgun, V. t.;— to fall into a hole or pit 
liicaa, n.: — ^procession. 
lucha,n.: — row; column, 
lachan, n.; also gui lidiaa; saa li- 

chan: — west, 
luchd, adj., adv.: — acute; ingenious; 

sensible. 
luga, n.; also padet; padit:-— wall, 
log&t, n.; also aagan^ 8aga3ran:— 

place; location; extension; room, 
y lugat inai ^lifgUi^jd; also m&mai- 

8aj&: — isolation; solitude. 
lajan, v. tr.: — to excite; to animate; to 

arouse. 
lulan, adj.; also espantao: — scared. 
lulurioBo, adj.: — luxurious; pertaining to 

luxury. 
ItUai, V. i.: — ^to go fishing on a moonlight 

night. 
luloe, n.; also prenaa: — ^iron; nail. 
ItUuJan, adj., adv.; also escrapuloao; 

pinalalala; chachajinasa: — anxious; 

scrupulous, 
luluque, V. tr.; also olaba: — ^to nail; to 

fasten, 
lumagas, v. %.; also sulon; lagaa:— to 

slide; to glide; to slip. 
lmn&l&, V. %.: — to exist; to be (in re- 
spect to health). 
lum&l&, n.; also jomld tftlo: — revival; 

renewal of life, 
lum&la-guaja, v. i.:—U> prosper; to 

thrive, 
lumalald, v. i.; also muma&gaom:— 

to ferment, 
lum&magof, v. tr; also alibiao; consu- 

ela: — to relieve: to free from pain, 

suffering, or grief, 
lum&mauleg, v. v also n& lat fdna; ma 

mejora: — to improve; to advance; to 

better one's condition; to make progress; 

to prosper; to thrive, 
lum&megai, v. tr.; also amnenta; ma 

Bubi: — to increase; to enlarge; to en- 
hance, 
lumaoj^, r. i.; also gumagd: — to tramp 

around; to loaf around. 
luni&-tailaye: — to get worse, 
lum&^uya, v. i.; also tumatnon:— to 

saunter; to wander about idly, 
lumayag, v. %.; also layag: — to sail; to be 

moved by a sail, 
lumba^l:, n.; — ^vernacular name for the 

candle-nut tree; the nuts yield an oil 

which is a mild cathartic, preferable to 

castor oil, causing no nausea, and hav- 
ing a nutty flavor. 
lumoB, V. tr.; also chlnepchop: pinafiot; 

fiogflog: — to merge; to absorb; to swal- 
low up. 
lumot, n.; — moss; lichen, 
liunot catdeniyo: — green vegetation 

covering still waters. 



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Inmns 



189 



ma enb&tsama 



lumus, r. tr.\ v. %.; also ftogflo^; supug: — 
to submerge (in water); to immerse. 

Iximut, n.;— a seaweed; when bleached 
in the sun it is used by the natives for 
making jellies. 

lunes, n.: — Monday. 



lujio, adj.; also znl-unai: — sandy. 
lupis, n.; — ^woman's skirt. 
lus electriBid&, n.: — electric light. 
luBo^, n.: — mortar, 
lute, n.; also triniste: — mourning; sor- 
row; grief. 



M. 



ma-: — prefix of adjectives; also prefix of 
part, perf . pass. 

ma agodai, v. tr.; also ma ag6dai; 
n&-lalal6: — to inflame; to excite; to fire 
with passion. 

xna&eBom, odfj., adv.; also cacaleg; 
faueg: — sour; acid; tart; bitter. 

ma&fiau, v. tr., v, i.; also julat; petde; 
also written ma&£Lao: — to fear; to be 
afraid of; to overcome; to subdue; to 
conauer; to be overcome; to be sub- 
dued. 

xnaftfLau, adj., adv.; also written ma&flao; 
also cobatde;jfilujan:— afraid; timid; 
faint-hearted; fearful. 

ma-angda, i. %.: — to come to anchor. 

ma-anula, v. tr.; also ma-cansela; ma- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

ma-&8d, adj., adv.; also ydas^: — kind- 
hearted; benign; gracious; good; com- 
passionate; charitable. 

ma&86, r. %.; also pinite:— to have 
compassion. 

ma486, n.; also petd6n; mina&s6; 
inasii: — forgiveness; pardon. 

ma-&8en, adj.; also inasne: — salted. 

ma-ateuica, v. i.: — to become filled with 
mud (ex., the harbor); to sink (into the 
mud bottom of the lagoon). 

m&ayeg, adj.; also guinanye: — selected; 
preferred. 

zna bira, n.; — turn; curve (of the road or 
a river). 

mabotda, n.; also binetda: — embroid- 
ery; a piece of embroider^'; bfbotda: — 
woman who embroiders; botda, v. tr.: — 
to embroider; to stitch. 

macalam.va, adj., adv.: — handy; dexter- 
ous; agile; nimble; alert; brisk; quick. 

macaleilo, n.; also majedo; jedo: — 
wrinkle. 

macalejlo, adj.: — wrinkled. 

maoan&y v. i.: — to hang. 

ma-cansela, v. tr.; also ma-anula; ma- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

macar6n, n.: — macaroni. 

macat, adj., adv.; also mapot: — heavy; 
diflScult. 

ma chachalane, adj.: — instructed. 

machagchag cat€ui, n.: — dawn. 

machalapuiij adj.: — scattered; spread; 
diffused; disseminated (ex., sicKness, 
teachings, etc.). 

machaleg. adj., adv.; also t&ieui6; ti 
maf ftna^gtie : — coarse ; stubborn ; re- 
fractory; wild; fierce; savage; ydmaj- 
lao, adj., adv.: — shy; timid; shunning 
approach. 



machalejguft, 2>. p.; a/ao namattUSgd: — 
divulged; diffused; spread abroad (ex., 
rumors spread abroad). 

machat-atan, adj., adv.; also machatli^; 
machat-lamen; ti ma gu&iya: n&^- 
ma8&; also written zna chatlit:— nated; 
hateful; abhorred; detestable; odious. 

maches, n.; also fdtforos: — match; a 
lucifer. 

znaclxete> n.; — bush knife; machete. 

macheten-matad6t, n.: — cleaver; a 
butcher's hea\'y hatchet. 

machjtig, n.; — ape; monkey. 

machinl;, n.: — local name of a fish, the 
mangrove hopper; hiis a small, brown, 
flabby body with livid flesh-color 
markings; it leaves tlie water and hops 
about stones and on the mangrove roots 
and muddy bottom of the salt-water 
mud flats. 

mach6ch6 dure, v. i.: — to drudge; to 
labor hard . 

machom, p. p.: — closed; covered. 

ma-colatj n.; also ineriyaye sendalo 
si Ja:— siege. 

macon^, adj.; also preso: — captured. 

ma-consagra, n.: — transformation; con- 
secration. 

mactan, n.: — gutter; channel for carrying 
away water. 

ma-cuaja, n.: — milk, curdled. 

maculatum, adj., adv.: — trough (opposite 
of majlos: smooth). 

y madefi6fiende, ti.; — client; one who 
employs a lawyer. 

madeja, n.; — skein of thread. 

maderas, n.; also trastes: — building 
materials. 

madesoGUpa, adj.; also t&it&otao: — 
desolate; depnved of inhabitants; 
abandoned; laid waste. 

znadestrosa, v. tr.; also arasa: — to dev- 
astate; to ruin; to desolate; to lay 
waste; to consume; to devour. 

madestrosa, adj.: — fallen; degraded; ru- 
ined. 

ma-dirije, n.; also rumbo; direcsi6n:— 
direction; guidance; relative position. 

madog, n.; also atbettura; tf^ul6: bi- 
naba: — cavity; aperture; opemng; hole. 

mado^ atgoya, n.: — ^hole in which the 
ring in the nose of the carabao "in har- 
ness" is inserted. 

madog t&taotao, n.: — spores (of the 
skin). 

madtilalagy n.: — expulsion; forcible 
ejection. 

ma enb&tsama, v, tr.: — ^to embalm. 



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maestro 



190 



mfti^ 



maestro, n.; also acoxnosinao:— master; 
teacher; bope; foreman. 

xnaetdot, adj.; also timaiii^iiiente: — 
numb; torpid; deprived of sensation. 

7 mafaborerese, n.; also j etmas ma- 
gu&iya: — favorite; minion; bosom child. 

m.af&cai, n.;a/^o fixUlcai: — partition, di- 
\'i8ioii. 

mafag, n.: — wreck. 

mafag-atagtagfia. adj., adv.: — pacified; 
qmetf»d; appeased; assuaged. 

mafftjiyuisg:, v. tr.; also chat-^ui&iya; 
faichanag; masa£^an ti maiileg: — 
to despise; to slander. 

xna f&m&uleg, r. tr.; also ma aregla: — 
to rally; to collect and arrange. 

ma f&xn&ule^ y nilache: — redress; re- 
lief; reparation of wrong. 

xnafaiLago, n.; also xnaflago; patto: — 
birth. 

mafaflago, v. i.;— to be bom. 

xnafaiiagon, n.; also fin^^nana; prime- 
risa: — first birth; primogeniture. 

mafaflagon y mismo tan6, adj.; also 
natibo: — indigenous; native. 

xnafnot, adj.^ adv.; also fotnido; znet- 
got:— sturdy; stubby; robust; gu6f 
saea; mfiipe; um&ato^: — snug; con- 
cealed; compact; warm; tight; not loose; 
compactly ouilt; narrow; pressed to- 
gether. 

mafondo, /). p.: — sunk. 

xnafondo, v. %.: — ^to sink; to go down; to 
founder (ma-puja j batco). 

m.aftd, n.: — notch (in a knife edge). 

xna funas, v. tr.; also ma l&chai: — to 
exterminate; to destroy utterly; to 
obliterate; to efface. 

mafutt, n.: — local name for a fish of the 
snapper variety; of pale greenish color, 
witn pinkish fins and tail; sometimes 
has a black spot on the sides; is 
caught with hook and line, and is a 
favorite food fish. 

m.ag&, adj.; also taftai: — early; unripe. 

mag&gajet, adj.^ adv.; also parerejo: — 
exacting. 

magago, n.; also bestido: — material; 
dress; cloth. 

magajan, n.; — local name applied to a 
deep green-blue parrot fish, with large 
scales and a parrotlike beak; resembles 
the dafa, but is smaller. 

mafi^Jejet, adv.; also reabnente 
{op,): — ^really; with actual existence; 
in truth. 

magajet, adj.^ adv.; also cabales; 
umaya; minagajet; pr6pio:— sure; 
true; confident; sincere; frank; accu- 
rate; exact; real; actually existing; 
genuine. 

magajet, adj., adv.; also fljo: — certain; 
secure; sure. 

magdiaje, n.; — governor; magistrate. 

maglLom jinalum, r. i.: — to plead earn- 
estly; penitiyiye; agradeaido:— 
thankful; grateful; sympathizing. 



magap, i-. i.: — ^to j-awn; to gape; to 

evaporate, 
m&gas, n.; also ma^&laje; t6tagd; 

jmon; s&iiia: — magistrate; governor; 

master; lord; tata: — ^father, 
m&gas, adj.; also taeajld; gatbo:— 

superb; grand; stately; exalted. 
m&gaa y batco, n.; also oapitan {Sp.); 

maestro (5 ;>.):— skipper; master; sea 

captain. 
m&gas na fsao, n.; — capital sin. 
m&geuie, r. tr., v. i.; also domina: — to 

govern; to rule; to dominate, 
magase, n.; also gud JiMU:— ^uperi-i- 

sion; the act of supervising, 
m&gguag, n.; — mass: a large quantity, 
m&gguae, adj., adv.; also majuto:— 

roomy; broaa; wide. 
magmata. v. i.: — to waken; to wake up. 
mag^anite, n.; also satan&s (^p.):— 

Satan; the de\il. 
magof, 71..* — ^joy; taste. 
magof,ad[;.; a!so ga6f-]&an; dibettido; 

najong:— sunny* bright; cheerful; 

merr}-; delighted; joyous; gay; satis- 
fied; glad; contented. 
ma-gom6, adj.: — beloved; dear, 
ma-goflie, n.; also gftchotSg; abog:— 

friend. 
magpd, V. tr.; also monjayaa: — to com- 
plete; to finish. 
magp6, adj., adv.; also monjan; xnon- 

Jayan; listo:— ready; prepared at the 

moment. 
maga6f-atan, adj., adv.; also ma- 

gu&iya: — liked; beloved; favorite, 
magueftufigd, n..*— popularity; general 

esteem. 
mapu6ftii^d, adj., adv.: — ^popular; 

pleasing to the people, 
maguem, adj.,^ adv.; also &pagon; 

foteon; iimido (ttd.): — moist; hu- 
mid; damp (preventing an object from 

burning). 
m.fitguem., adj., adv.; also cayao:— 

silent; taciturn; peaceable; pacific; 

circumspect; cautious. 
cnaguem, adj., adv.; also poble; des- 

grasiao: — poor; needy; miserable, 
magui, adv.; also chull magui; giUne 

magui {also uritten ehuld magui):— 

hither; this way. 
maies, n.: — maize; com. 
m6igd, r. t.; aZao descansa; minfiij^: 

to rest; to repose; to sleep, 
mai^ ftaijon, v. i.; also fi&lalatfg zia 

miii&ie6: — to slumber; to sleep light- 
ly; to aoze. 
mj[lo, adj., adv.; also m&-Jo: — thirsty. 
m&iUL, r. i.: — to come, 
mfiipe, n.; also minaipe:— heat; warmth, 
mdipe, adj., adv.: — ^hot; fiery; passionate, 
m&ipe na tlempo, n..* — summer, 
mairasta, n.; — stepmother, 
mftisa, n.:— self ; one's own person, 
m&isa, adv.; also solamente: — only; 

singly; merely. 



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m&isa 



191 



malisia 



m&iss, adj.f adv.: also giiig:tiiyaja| 
asolas; aislado; solo; retirao gui 
p u m a 1 o ; suznaj^giiej chinagd: — 
alone; single; by itself; isolated; soli- 
tary; secluded; off -lying; remote; loner 
some. 

xna1ag&, v. i.; also nft-niaja^&: — to 
bleed. 

niajala£&. v. i.:— to yearn; to feel an 
earnest desire. 

nia]ala£^, adj.y adv.; oho xni puti: — 
painful. 

majalang:, n.; also pinite; minaja- 
lalQ^: — sorrow; mental pain. 

majalan^ue, v. i.; also pinitiye; 
tan^e: — to bemoan; to grieve; to 
lament. 

znaiafias, adj.: — soft; tender (of heart). 

xnajanl^ud, adj.^ adv.; also r&nsio; bijo; 
descalintao: — rancid; fetid; stale; not 
fresh; vapid; tasteless. 

xnajedo, v. %.; also jedo; sujaye; maca- 
lejlo: — to shrink; to recoil; to with- 
draw; to contract spontaneously; to 
shrivel; to dry up; to become wrinkled; 
to become disheartened. 

xnajedo, n.; also Jedo; macalejlo: — 
wrinkle. 

majetog, adj.; also fltme: — obdurate; 
hardened in feelings; hard; firm; fast; 
strong. 

xnaietog nl xiian6fn^jen|:, adj.: — frozen. 

xnajgoi^, adj., adv.: also xnatquilo; 
tranquilo:— quiet; peaceful; tranquil; 
healthy. 

xnajguei, adj., adv.; also yayas: — tired. 

magog, n.: — fracture of a bone 

majlog, adv.; 
asunder 



also um^despatta: — 



majlog, V, tr., v. i.; also n&-chac&; 
julog: — to snap; to break short or 
mstantaneouslv; to crack. 

xnallos, adj.^ aiv.; also yano: — smooth 
(the opposite of maculatuzn: rough); 
even; level; plain. 

xnajfiau, v. %.; also tuxn&lo; ndr-n&lo: — 
to return; to come back again to the 
same place or state; to refrain from an 
action. 

xn&jfiao, V. tr.; also n&-zn&]fiao; tftlo 
tate: — to recall; to call back; to re- 
voke. 

xnatSgan^, adj.: — stunned j stupefied. 

inajt£gog, adj., adv.: — pubbc; celebrated. 

xnaioSga£g:, n.: — lobster. 

majuto, aaj., adv.; also magguag: — 
roomy; broad; wide. 

znajuto; also sto-juto: — exhausted; at 
the end. 

xnal6chai, adj.; also lin&chai: manft- 
y&fai:— all used up; exhausted. 

xna l&chai, v. tr.; also xna funas: — to 
exterminate; to destroy utterly. 

maladt, adj., adv.; also nafaileg: — bit- 
ter; sour; acid. 

xn a 1 a g : — idiomatic expression for 
* 'went to.*' 



m&lag, adj., adv.; aZso lamlam; m&lalag; 
jajanon: — brilliant; sparkling; lus- 
trous; glittering; radiant; emitting rays 
of lij?ht or heat; bright; luminous; 
burning. 

xnala-g^ana, adj., adv.; also triste; t&i- 
minaeof; peniter^ad; in bad humor; 
full of grief. 

mala^, v. tr.; also desea; j&Sg^ai: — to 
desire; to want; to will; to want to. 

mala^, v. i.; also p6chao; omatog; 
meJagon umatog; lifit; lumifit: — to 
scamper; to hasten away; to sneak; to 
creep or steal away privately or meanly. 

xnala^, adj., adv.; also g&malagd: — 
wis9ul; pensive. 

malagd, n.; also neseBita; escaso: — 
want; deficiency; defect. 

malago, v. i.; also falago: — to run; to 
move quickly; to flee for escape. 

xnalagon t&otao, n.: — fugitive; run- 
away. 

malagd na u saiSgan, v. tr.; also para 
ma significa: — to imply; to mean; to 
insinuate. 

malagradesido, adj., adv.: — thankless; 
ungrateful. 

maleunaiLa, adj., adv.; also machaleg; 
bastos; presomido; ti chdcho t&otao; 
matan lalal6: — ^fierce; wild; savage; 
ferocious; surly: rough; uncivil; churl- 
ish; morose; ill-natured; inhuman; 
cruel; harsh; brusque. 

malan|:o, adj., adv.: — sick; ill in health. 

malasas, n.: — ^bruise. 

malatd, adj^ adv.; also faye; sagile; 
gusi; fresco: — learned; skillful; edu- 
cated; smart; clever; sharp; accom- 
plished. 

malatd, n.: — learning; skill in literature, 
languages, or science; knowledge ac- 
quired. 

malayo, adj., adv.: — dr>*; wilted (leaves) 
troubled. 

znalefa, v. tr.: — to forget. 

mal ejemplo, n.: — bad example. 

znaleta, n.: — suitcase; also balisa (prob- 
ably from English "valise"); boya, 
n.: — buoy. 

maleta, n.; also trastes biaje:— lug- 
gage; effects of a traveler; baggage. 

xnalii, n.; aZ^olinil: — appearance; vision. 

mallnao, adj.: — calm, quiet. 

maliilgo, v. %.: — to disappear; to pass 
away; to vanish. 

xnali^o, n.: — deprivation; the act of 
taking away; loss. 

maliilgo, V. tr.; also magap: — to evapo- 
rate. 

mali£j^, adj.; also jocog: — gone; ruined; 
lost. 

mali£^ y Jinaso, adj.; also aborido: — 
dazed . 

mal intensionao, adj.: — ill-disposed; 
evil-minded. 

malfsia, n.; also tin&imauleg; Jina- 
ISgiine: — malice; deliberate mischief. 



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malofan 



192 



manadaje 



malofan, v, tr.: — to cross; to go past; to 

pasBby. 
xnalulog, adj. . adv . : — free ; untram meled ; 

unhamperea. 
xnalumorado, adj.: — in bad hunior; ill- 
humored. 
xnaluin6t, n.; — sickening odor; conta- 
giousness, 
mal-umot, v. %.; also muyd: — to be in a 

bad humor; to be ill-humored; to be 

disgruntled, 
mama, prefix: — ea:., m&maguimen: — 

drinkable. 
mam&, prefix:— ex., mamam&tai: — to 

pretend to be dead. 
mam&, v. i., v. tr.: — to chew (beetle nut). 
mam&b&baba, n.; also chasco: — knav- 

erj'; cheating; swindling, 
mam&bababa, n.; — quack; charlatan; 

fakir, 
mam&beji^, n.; also pa^ag:— blister, 
m&macano, adj.; also canaon: — edible; 

fit to be eaten as food, 
mamacha, n.; also pinacha: — touch 

(dense of). 
mamagasiyan, n.; also fami&gaaiyan; 

pila: — washbasin. 
m.amiguiin&; also nke ni m6uleg na 

ejemplo; fana^gUe ni m&uleg: — to 

edify. 
mamaichdchd, v. %.: — to tussle; to 

scuffle; to struggle. 
mamaichdchd, n.: — effort; attempt, 
y m&maigd, n.;also ga-maigo: — sleeper. 
mama-janum, adj.; also Ifquido (Sp.):— 

liquid; not solid; readily flowing. 
y ma mamailft, adj.: — future. 
m&maiBa, adj., adv.; also 8mnaj£g:ue; 

mamfiiaa jft.: — single; sole; solitary; 

i^iolated; singular; unique. 
mimaisajft,, n.; also expressed y lugat 

&nai giifgttiyaj6: — isolation; solitude. 
mamait&guan, v. %.; also l&lango: — to 

faint; to fall in a swoon. 
mam&Jlao, adj.: — provoked; angry. 
mam&Jlau, v. %.; also uritun mamdj- 

lao: — to be ashamed, 
mam&jlau, adj.j adv.: — ashamed; shame- 

facecf. 
mamftlaje, adj.^ adv.; also matatnga; 

tim&ma&fiao: — manly; courageous; 

resolute. 
mam&m&gas, adj.^ adv.; also otgu- 

yoso: — stuck-up; self-opinionated. 
m&mamailft na tiempo, n.; — future; 

also para m6na: — in tne future, 
mamft-manesca, v. tr.; also bate: — to 

brew; to make liquors. 
m&mamta, adj., adv.: — prolific; fruit- 
ful; fertile, 
m&mamta, adj., adv.; also jafftag; 

tegch&; gu6ftand; mep&; m&mam- 

ta.:— prolific (referring to propagation of 

man or animals). 
mam&ntin<U, n.; also euia:— pioneer, 
mamatagd, adj.; also m mftgas; y 8um&^ 

saga gui pap& otro: — ^iiuerior; lower; 

subordinate. 



mamatagd, adj.: — inferior, 
m&mataf, adj.: — mortal, 
mam&t&tate, v. i.; also Hating; um- 

abmam: — to hesitate; to loiter; to 

linger; to tarry; to be slow; to be tardy; 

to hang back, 
mam&tate, r. i.; also sumula; su- 

maj£^e: — to straggle; to lag behind. 
y mam&tftinas planon gunm: — archi- 
tect, 
ma matquilo, adj.; also quieto:— 

reticent; silent; reserved; calm; tranquil. 
ma matqulo^uilo, adj., adv.; also tran- 

quilo: — quiet; calm; at rest; tranquil, 
mamaudai, n.; also sendalo ni quina- 

b&bayo: — rider. 
mttmaya, adj.; also sifla maya:— 

navigable, 
mamaya, adj.; also ti cabales: — super- 
ficial; not thorough. 
mamegud, t*. i.; mo fegud; mamocat; 

pocat:— to step; to go on; to tread; to 

walk, 
ma mejora, v. i.; also adelanta; na lat 

fdna; lum&mauleg: — to improve; to 

advance; to better one's circumstances; 

to make process; to prosper; to tiirive. 
y mam6meao8, n.; also y manj6- 

jotde: — climber. 
mame, suffix: — indicates belonging to 

us; ours {ex., leblon mame: — our 

book; ch^chdmame: — our work.) 
mames, adj., adv.; also bunita or 

bonita {Sp.Y, amable (.Sp.):— lovely; 

charming; agreeable; sweet, 
mamfog, r. tr.: — to weave; to plait, 
mamogpog, i*. i.; also manbula: — to be 

swollen. 
mam61o, adj., adv.; also descuidao; 

chatmamdlo: — perfunctory; done 

carelessly or negligently with the 

purpose of e;etting rid of the duty, 
mampos, adj., adv.: — gross; coarse'; rude; 

also timanesesita (mas que y ma 

nesesita): — unnecessary; too much; 

supernumerary; exceeding the number 

stated or recjuu^. 
mamuda, adj.; also chicherico: — dressed 

up; dolled up (referring to women), 
y mamtimulan, n.; also sentmela; 

guatdia: — sentinel; guard; watch, 
y mamundf n.; — muroerer. 
mamun6, n.; also pinind:— slaughter; 

carnage; killing of cattle, etc., for 

human food (y xdjbld. mapund y guaca 

sija, etc., para na taotao). 
mamund, v. tr., v. %.: — to commit 

murder; to murder, 
mamuten tataotao, n.; also reuma:— 

rheumatism. 
mafia, n.; also asana; atte; flnababa:— 

trick; cimning; craft; deceit, 
mana-dana, (My.; — mixed; mingled, 
manada, n.; also manadan: — ^herd; 

flock: mass, 
manaaaje, r. tr.; also numasajSj^e: 

man recoje: — to hoard; to collect and 

lay up. 



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193 



mafiil& 



ma n& oalazntenlia, n.; also ma n& 
jan&iifia: — removal; transfer. 

man adanche, adj.; man aya; simet- 
ric&t: — svinmetrioftl; proportionate. 

manadldidd y mindgae; also finei^- 
nft: — summary of contents. 

y man ad6dora Idolo, n.; also idola- 
tria (5p.):— idolatry. 

ixianft-eya^, adj.; also ma chacha- 
lane : — instructed . 

maiiague, v. tr.; also saque: chuld- 
^uan: — to loot; to pillage or plunder. 

mafiaina, n.; — ancestors. 

maMjag, n.: — ^local name for a fish ap- 
pearing in Guam waters at inter\ als m 
great nimibers; is dried and preserved 
by the natives; probably the young of 
sesyan (which see). 

maiiajalom gui lista, v. tr.:— to enroll; 
to enlist. 

man&juyiii^, n.; also nin&juyu£g: or 
ninitjuyoi^:— work; creation. 

manamtam, n.; also gusto: — taste; 
joy; ^namteun: — taste. 

m&fiafia, adj.: — sleek; smooth; glossy; 
also majloa; Use; gama; £Lab&; 
manso: — soft; tender; easily yielding 
to pressure; flexible; masa, adj.: — 
mellow; fully ripe; not hard. 

maflafia na pulo, n.: — down; soft 
feathers ; hair. 

y nia£Lan|:&ngane, n.; also gotgot; y 
numlnatu^d: — informer; approver. 

ma na nuebufia, n.; also nirenueba: — 
renewal; renovation; revival. 

mandpayon, adj.^ adv.; also ma-utiBa: — 
habitual: usual; customary. 

man-aquijom, adj., adv.: — frugal; nig- 
gardly; saving; thrifty; scanty; par- 
simonious. 

manaq[uili8yano, v. tr.: — to christen; to 
baptize. 

man ar^regla, n.; — ^ruler; one who rules. 

mana santos, adj.; also sagrado (Sp.); 
Bantos: — sacred; consecrated; in- 
violable. 

man-atma, adj.: — headstrong; mulish; 
stubborn. 

man boroquento, n.; — also atborotao; 
also written man buruquento: — rab- 
ble; noisy crowd or mob. 

manbula, v. i.; also mamogpog: — to be 
swollen. 

mancha, n.; — spot; stain; blemish. 

mancha, v. tr.; also na-mancha^* ras- 
tro: — to blot* to stain; to blemish. 

manda, adj.j adv.: — ^imperative; peremp- 
tory; obligatory. 

mandague, n.; also deigae; padagdag; 
dinague: — ^lie; deceit; denial. 

man despetdisia, v. tr.; also man 
ytiyuta: — to ravage; to lay waste; to 
pillage. 

man cUbe, v. %.; also dibe or debe: — to 
be in debt. 

manea, v. tr.; also negdaio: — ^to trans- 
act; to manage a business deal; to 
negotiate. 



manea, v. tr.^ v. %.; also adaje: — to be- 
have; to conduct; to demean. 

y man-d^cungog, n.: — listeners; hear- 
'ers; y uma^cti£g:og, n.; — listener; 
hearer. 

maneja, v. tr.: — to handle; to use. 

manez^eya, adj.: — fat; greasy. 

mane£gje£&, v. i.; also fugo: — to 
freeze; to shiver; to have a chill. 

manetSgjetSg, (uf;.; — cold; frigid. 

mandsgUe, v. tr.; also saque; maAa- 
que; t^sgiie: — to steal; to purloin. 

man espia, v. tr.; also espia: — to recon- 
noiter. 

mafietnot, adj.^ adv.; also baba; ti 
m&uleg: — ^ill; bad or evil; sick; dis- 
eased. 

manflores, v. %.: — to bloom; to blossom. 

ma^gagy V, %.; mainama£gag: — to 
staler; to totter; to reel. 

ma^gag, V. %.; also umasd; nina asd; 
inmtag: — to sag; to sink down; to 
yield. 

maf^ag. V. i; also asd: — to bend down 
the body. 

maflgagmdna, v. i.; also gdje: — to 
stoop; to bend the body downward and 
forward. 

ma^co, arfj.;— one-armed. 

mad£fong, v. tr.; also tufotSg: — ^ 
reckon; to count or compute. 

manl^ga, n.; — vernacular name for the 
mango tree; not many mango trees are 
on the island, but they produce fruit of 
the finest quality.. 

ma£^gaaj n.: — sleeve. 

ma^gui, adv.; also mano: — ^where. 

maa^le, n.: — mangrove. 

maniple macho, n.: — local name for the 
many-petaled mangrove tree; is com- 
mon in Guam, growing in the swamps 
at the mouths of nearly all streams. 

maa%ld guinen entre sanlago yan san 
catan: — trade wind. 

ma]^ld sut-este, n.: — southeast wind. 

ma]^16 sut-ueste, n.: — southwest wind 

ma£gd| n.; also 8a£r6n (Sp.): — safran; 
sanron. 

mangoflid, adj.; also eu6ftao; ch6chi- 
jet: — ^well-meaning; benevolent; well- 
disposed toward some one. 

ma^d jalum-tan6: — ^local name for the 
canna, an ornamental plant growing 
without cultivation. 

y manguaiya, n.; also n6bia; guaiya- 
yon: — sweetheart; lover; loved one. 

mangud, v. tr.; also gusto; gosa; 
tujos: — to reli^; to enjoy. 

ma£g^uentataye, n.: — agent; also ben- 
tero: — seller. 

mangui, v. tr., v. i.; also tugui; ma£^- 
gul: — to write. 

y man gUfgiiife, n.; also gUfgttife:— 
dreamer. 

ma niche, v. tr.: — ^to entomb ; to place in a 
tomb. 

mafiiia, n.; afoo guafe:— flame; fire;blaze; 
a body of flame. 



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maftila ensiqnidas 



194 



mapt& 



maliila enaiquidas, n.; aUo ohadeg na 
mafiilft: — flash; sudden, quick, transi- 
tory blaze of light. 

Tnafiffinft, adj.; al$o laxnlam: — glisten- 
ing; casting radiance; shining. 

manja, n.; also aplog: — coconut; a ten- 
der one; already containing Uquid. 

man jald, v. t.;— to take root. 

man Jaso, v. tr.; also Jaso: — to recollect 
to ml to memory. 

man]o£ggue, adj.; manjotfggue an 
maAetbe as Ytius: — virtuous; devout; 
believing; true; religi6n (Sp.), n.; also 
Jine£gguen para as Ytius: — ^religion. 

manluf a, v. %.: — to stretch out both arms. 

manjula para u, v. tr.; also guftiya: — to 
swear allegiance to; toi pay homage to; 
to regard. 

manjulat, adj., adv.; also famoao (Sp.); 
actibo; najofiS::— jpowerful; brave; 
mighty; effective; efficient; active. 

manjulon, adj.y adv.: — ^noble. 

man]u£gog, n.;-^hearing (the sense of 
hearing). 

y manlflle, n.; also y umdegft: — specta- 
tor; beholder. 

manman, adj.^ adv.: — astounded; won- 
dering. 

manmerese, orfj..*— deserving; worthy. 

mamSgud, adj.: — palatable; luxurious. 

man^ui, aaj.j adv.; also delisioso: — 
delicious; exquisite; highly pleasing to 
the senses, taste, or to the mind. 

mano, n.: — the smaller of the two pieces 
of stone used for grinding com. 

mano, adv.: — where. 

manog, n.; — chicken; a young bird. 

manogch&, v. tr.: — to sprout; to bring 
forth fruit. 

mano jo, n.; also fininut: — bundle; sheaf. 

mafiom, n.;— cold; catarrii; cold in the 
head. 

mano y sifia, adj.^ adv.: also t&calmn: — 
with all might; intensive. 

ma nota, v. tr.; also reprende: — to 
reproach; to upbraid. 

maiiotsot, V. %.; also n&f alio tact:— to 
reform. 

mansana, n.: — apple. 

m&nsa£^an: — ^it is rumored; rum6t:— 
rumor; popular report; current story. 

mansaniya, n.; — local name for the 
Indian chrysanthemum, or false camo- 
mile; also called yetba santa maria; 
its flowers, in the form of an infusion, 
are used as a remedy for intermittent 
fevere. 

manso, adj.; also flno; auabe:-— gentle; 
refined m manner and disposition; 
simple; t&iadotno: — simple; not com- 
plex; unadorned; natural. 

manteles, n.; — tablecloth; altar cloth. 

mantensi6n, n.; also able: — ^livelihood; 
sustenance; subsistence. 

mantica, n.;— lard; fat of swine melted 
down. 

mantica, adj., adv.:— greasy; fat. 



mantican-leche. n.; — cream; the ndi, 

oily part of milk, 
mantiene, n.; — help; aid; support; as- 
sistance, 
mantiene, v.tr.; aUo na-ap6^ ch&jlau:— 

to hold; to grasp and keep in the hand; 

to hold or offer the hand; to feed; to 

seize; to catch; to receive, 
mantiquiya, n.; — ^butter. 
mantiya, n.; also s^banas dlquiqol; 

pafiales: — ^mantilla, 
manufactura, v. tr.; also chdehdc&nae; 

f&tinas yan matft na materi&t:— to 

manu^ture; to fabricate from raw 

materials, 
mafiogd, V. %.; also fafiogd: — to suppu- 
rate; to fester. 
manugo£g:, v. tr.; also traiSgea; soro- 

Jo: — to bolt (the door). 
manugotSgy v. i.: — to start forth like a 

bolt, 
mafium, n.;— cold; catanii. 
mannyVM, adj., adv.; also g&ijtnaso:— 

sensible; acute; ingenious. ^ 
manutfgd, n.; also estudiante (Sp.); 

disipmo (Sp.): — scholar; student. 
mafioBO, V. v.; also deed; UUshog:— to 

sprout; to grow back again; to dioot 

forth. 
man ytiyutd, v. tr.; also man despet- 

dfsia: — to ravage; to lay waste; to 

pillage, 
maog, adj., adv.: — strong; durable, 
maog, V. I.; — to last; to stay, 
mapa, n.; — map. 
mapa^ajes, n.; also Jomjom udian:— 

cloud. 
mapanas, adj., adv.: — flat; level; dull, 
mapaneui, n.: — slab; flat piece of stone, 
mapaneui na achd, n.; also losa: — 
mapanas-giiie£|^a, adj.: — snub-nosed, 
m&pau, V. %.; also mamatquilo:— to 

quiet down; to become cool. 
m&p6. p. p.: also cftcft: — split; broken; 

cracked; ipd, v. i.: — to split; to spring 

apart. 
m&pd, ad;. .-—broken. 
mapede, v. tr.: — to foil; to baflEle; to 

frustrate; to defeat. 
ma petsigue, v. %.; also ma-emog: — to 

suffer persecution; to be persecuted. 
mapl&, adj., adv.; also v6a8d; carifioso 

{tnasc.) Of oarifiosa {Jem.): — gracious; 

affable. 
m&pos, adj., also abmam: — ago; gone; 

past, 
y m&pos na bida; also y Jagaa na 

bida: — the past life, 
y mftpos na confesidn: — the last con- 
fession. 
m&pos na semana: — last week, 
mapot, adj.; also maoat: — difficult; 

hard to accomplish; heavy. 
mapt&, n.:— slit; a long cut; a narrow 

opening; outbreak; an eruption; a 

breaking out. 



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maptft 



195 



matcadot 



maptft, V. tr.y v. L; also putft, v. i.: — to 
burst; to rend or break open with 
violence. 

niapul&, n.; also interpretasidn {Sp.): 
explanation; interpretation. 

xnaquenista, n.; — machinist. 

zn&quina, n.: — engine; machine. 

m&quinan bap6t, n.; — steam engine. 

m&qiiinan chachAg, n.;— sawmul. 

zn&quinan el6ctrica, n.: — electric dyna- 
mo or machine. 

m&quinan mangul, n.: — typewriter. 

m&quinan y tren, n.:— locomotive; 
steam engine for drawing railroad cars. 

maqninaria, n.: — ^machinery. 

marease, v. tr.; also macansela; ma- 
anula: — to cancel; to annul. 

marineroj n.; aho tum&tasi; mari- 
ne: — seaman; mariner. 

mas, adv. (fr. Sp.): — further; moreover 
(see Grammar, p. 26). 

mas, adj.; aho chagdfia; meg&illa: — 
further; more distant; more; greater 
in number, quality, or extent. 

masa, ad^.^ adv.; aUo manana; sacan; 
t6a: — npe; done; cooked sufficiently; 
mellow; fully ripe; not hard; reaay 
for harvest; mature; full-grown. 

masa-ialum, n.: — sweat; perspiration. 

masa-jalum, adj., adv.: — ^perspiring; 
sweating. 

masajegat, adj., adv.; aho fotte; 
fuette; metg^ot; fuetsudo: — muscu- 
lar; active; vigorous; strong; robust. 

massu^an ti m&uleg, v. tr.; aho mafft- 
jiyune: — to slander; to defame. 

ma8&psaa£g, adj.; aho j&talapos: — 
ragged; rent or worn into rags; desti- 
tute. 

mas baba, adj.; aho mas t&ilaye: — 
worst; worse than all others. 

mas bite, adv.; aho gus^na; cha- 
de^a: — rather; sooner; more will- 
ingly. 

m&scara, n.; aho buf6n: — mask; clown. 

mas chagd, adj.: — farthest; most dis- 
tant. 

mascuUno, adj.; aho laje:— masculine; 
pertaining to a man. 

mas de; cSao mas que (hothfr. Sp.): — 
more than. 

maseta, n.: — mallet; a wooden hammer; 
flowerpot. 

masetan dfquiqul, n.: — gavel; a small 
mallet. 

masJTilg ]ag&, n.; aho Jinagft: — dysen- 
tery. 



masiso, adj., adv.; aho sustieniyon; 

_ tud:— t " 

getic. 



g&ibittud: — tenable; strong; ener- 



mas jijot, n.; aho projimo (Sp,):— 
next; nearest. 

masmas, v. tr.; aho chopchop: — to suck 
in (drop by drop). 

masmas, aaj.; aho fotgon; tasyon: — 
wet; damp; moist. 

mas-m&uleg, ac(;..'— best; most desir- 
able; mamdgfia:— better. 



nxasogsog, adj.: — lean; thin. 

masotca, n.: — ear of com. 

masotda, v. tr.; aho rescata: — to re- 
lease; to recover; to save; to redeem; 
to ransom. 

masqud, v. tr.:— to break off the limb of a 
tree. 

mas que sea; aho mas sea jaye; maque 
sea jaye: — whosoever. 

mas sea jafa; aho atguna cosa (Sp.) : — 
something; whatsoever. 

ma subi, v. tr.; aho aumenta; lum&me- 
gai: — to increase; to enlai^e; to en- 
hance. 

masujeta, adj.: — subjected. 

mat&, adj.; aho ti masa: — crude; raw; 
uncultured; uncooked; sore. 

mat&, adj.; aho gad&: — unripe; green 
(opposite of masa). 

mat&, adj., adv.; also ch&tmasa; tis&sa- 
caa: — immature; not fully grown or 
developed; crude. 

mata, n.; aho apardnsia: — looks; ap- 
pearance; eye. 

mat&chon^, v. i.: — to sit; to occupy a 
seat. 

matadero^ n.;— butcher. 

m&tai, V. I.: — to die; to decease. 

m&tai, adj.: — dead; destitute of life. 

m&tai-m&jo, v. %.: — to perish with thirst. 

m&taifLalai^, n.; aho jascm: — famine; 
extreme dewrth ; scarcity. 

m&tai-fialatf|^, v. i.: — to die of hunger; 
to die of starvation. 

matajleg, adj., adv.: — crooked; winding. 

matan janum, n.; aho troi^con Ga- 
lium: — fount; fountain or spnng; origi- 
nal source. 

matan lalald, adj., adv.; aho mala- 
mafia: — ^harsh; rough; brusque. 

matansa, n.: — butcher shop. 

matftpaj^, adj., adv.: — tasteless; vexa- 
tious. 

matftpajSg:, n.; aho t&igrasia: — farce; 
ridiculous or empty parade. 

mat&t&cho£g, aaj.: — sitting; resting on 
the haunches. 

matat£ga, adj., adv.; aho famoso; 
balente; animoso: — brave; mighty; 
powerful; strong; courageous; capable. 

mat&t^a, n.; also e&nadot: — ^hero; a 
man ofdistinguishea courage. 

matatiSga na gayo, n.; aho buscapla- 
ito: — game cock. 

matbas, n.: — local name for the Indian 
mallow; a low shrub with orange- 
colored flowers; yields a fairly good 
fiber, which might be used for cordage; 
quite common in Guam. 

matca, n.; aho sefl&t; prenda; naan: — 
sign; mark; token; symbol; eignboard. 

matoa, v. %.; aho n&ncheton: — to imprint 
to impress into one's heart. 

matca, v. tr.; also Agues; ^adi&: — to 
stamp ; to crush ; to engrave with a chisel ; 
to mark. 

matcadot, n.; — engraver. 



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matelut 



196 



meplo 



matcha, n.; — march; regular, measured 

walk (especially of Bolaiere). 
matco, n.; — mark, 
matdise, v. ir.: — ^to curse. 
matdisKSn, n.; also desparate: — curse; 

oath, 
matdispuesto, adj.; also ti znaffof: — re- 
luctant; unwilliim; disinclined, 
matdito, adj.; alio matdisido: — ac- 
cursed; cursed. 
mkte (j tasi), n.;— ebb; reflux of the 

tide; low tide, 
materia, n.; also Jafa; cosa (Sp.):— 

matter; thing; cause, 
matflt, n.: ivorv; ebony, 
matgen, n.; also oriya: — seam; edge; 

selvatje. 
matiteg) n.; also nilache; fatta: — 

breach; violation; rent, 
matlina, n.; — godmother, 
matmon oohan, n.:— shower of rain. 
matmoB, v. %.; also fiogfiog; n&- 

matmos; Itunos: — to drown, 
matinos, adj.: — drowned; sunken, 
matmot, n.; — marble, 
znatomba, v. i.: — to tumble; to fall 

suddenly and violently, 
xnatompd, v. %.: — to stumble; to stagger, 
matquilo, adj.y adv.; mamatquilo: — 

tranquil; quiet; calm, 
matraca, n.;— rattle. 
inatriin6nio, n.; also in&eaxnd; uzn&- 

caxnd: — wedding; wedlock; marriage, 
matso, n.;— March, 
mattes, n.; — ^Tuesday. 
mattetsio, n.; — abuse; curse, 
mattit, n.; — ^martyr. 
mattiyo, n.; — ^hammer. 
mattrata, v. tr.; also n&-matte8io; 

mattrata; desprdsia: — to abuse; to 

despise. 
matujog, V. %.: — to be sleepy; maigd: — 

to fall asleep. 
matujog, n.; also minatujog: — sleepi- 
ness. 
matujog, adj.; also matujogfi&ijon: — 

sleepy, 
matulaijon, r. %.; also m&mamftnj^ag:— 

to stagger; to totter; to reel. 
ma-tutu jon, v. tr.; also tutujon; tutu- 

june: — to begin; to start; to commence, 
mkudae, v.tr.,v. %.; also tvritten m&udai; 

tidae or tidal:— to ride (on horseback or 

in a vehicle). 
m&udae gui sajyan, v. tr.; also em- 

batca: — to embark, 
m^ulegl — vernacular for "all right!" 
m&uleg, adj., adv.; also ydas^:— ^ood; 

decent; virtuous; benign; gracious; 

kind hearted, 
m&uleg ilufia. adj.; also bsjio {Sp.):~ 

sane; mentally sound or healthy, 
m&uleg masai^gan-fta, n.; also fama; 

honra:— reputation; fame; good repu- 
tation. 
maulegfia, adj.; also mas bi6n (Sp.): — 

rather; mucn more; to the contrary; 

better. 



m&ulegna faffiajatan, n.; also fa£|^ 
Jatan:— good nunting ground. 

y m&uleg na catpintero: — ^joiner; wood- 
worker (literally: a eood carpenter). 

m&uleg p&ufia/ adf.; also p4upau:— 
odorous; fragrant. 

ma oriyaye, p.p.: also maredondea:— 
surrounded; inclosed. 

ma-usa, p. p.: also usao: — used up. 

ma^bug, r. tr.; also nft oda: — to soil; to 
dirty. 

ma-yalacft, adj.; also gadon:— en- 
tangled; confused; intricate. 

ma^amag, r. i.: — to break down; to go to 
pieces. 

mayeiSgyot^, r. t.; also Ululau:— lo 
quake; to tremble; to shake. 

mayo, n.; — May. 

mayotmente, adv.: — especially; par- 
ticularly. 

mecha, n.: — wick; tinder. 

mediano, adj.: — mediocre. 

m6dico, n.; also &amte: — surgeon; 
doctor; physician. 

medida, n.; — measure. 

m6dio, n.: — ^half; mean; middle. 

m6dio agagft, adj.: — ruddy; reddish. 

mefgd, adj.: — juicy. 

mefnd, adj., arfr.;— talkative; gossipy. 

mefnd, n.:--gab; idle chatter; loquacity: 
gossip; tattler. 

m6gae^ n.; uyu sija; m^gae na gtiinaja 
pat jinafa: — sundries: numerous small 
or miscellaneous articles or matters. 

m6gae, n.; also plur&t; mas de uno 
(.Sp.):— plural; more than one. 

m6gae, adj.: — several; more than two: 
various; different. 

m^gae, adv.; also tvrittm m^gai; also 
lajyan; lajyayan: — much; great in 
Quantity or amount. 

m6^e na tomo, adj.: — voluminous; co- 
pious; extensive. 

meg&i£La, adj., adv.:— more; greater in 
number, quantity, or extent. 

m6gai na biaje, adv.; also seso: — oft; 
often; frequently. 

meigft, adj.; also bulajart:— bloody. 

m^jnalum, adj., adv.; auo s&bio; tom- 
tom; also written m^Jnalom:— sage; 
wise; discemiiig; well-judged; discrimi- 
nating; scientific; skillful: skillful in 
science. 

mel6dia, n.; — melody. 

melon, n.; also *calam.aBa: — melon; 
pumpkin; squash. 

mdmd, n.:— urine. 

mendioca, n.; also yuca: — ^vernacular 
name for the cassava plant; the roots 
yield meal, starch, and cavassa, or 
tapioca. 

menos, adv.: — less; in a smaller degree. 

mensaje, n.: — message. 

mensajero, n.; also child papet: — ^mes- 
senger. 

mep&, adj.; also productoso (Sp.V.— 
fruitful; yielding fruit. 

meplo, adj., also peludo:— hairy ; woolly. 



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min&igft 



xnerese, v. tr.; also bale (g>ui set- 
bisio): — to deserve: to earn by service; 
to be justly entitled to; to merit. 

m^rito, n.; also minerese:— merit; ex- 
cellence; worth. 

mes, n.; — month; one of the twelve di- 
visions of the year. 

mesgnd, adj.y adv.: — unafraid. 

mesela, n.; also liniten-nxescla: — mor- 
tar; mixture. 

xnesgd, adj.: — succulent; juicy. 

mesn^on, adj.^ adv.: — grim; stern; un- 
j-ielding. 

mesn^on matatfij^a, adj.j adv.: — game; 
plucky. 

xnes^^on, adj.y adv.: — patient; persever- 
ing. 

mesquino, adj.y adv.: also ch4ttau; 
latga: — stingy; avaricious. 

metftt, n.;— metal. 

xnetate, n.; also guas&on; moyon; 
mojoiSi: — grindstone; whetstone. 

mete. v. %.: — to interfere; to oppose; to 
meddle. 

meteot, adj., adv.; aUo mafnot; fot- 
nido: — sturdy; stubby; hard; energetic; 
strong; able-bodied. 

meton, adj., adv.; also ti estotbajon:— 
persistent; steadfast; imperturbable; 
not easilv disturbed or agitated; cool, 
cabn, and collected. 

meyas, n.; — stocking; socks. 

me JO (/r. Sp. medio), adv,; also lamita; 
empe; medio:— half. 

meyo agag&, adi.; also written mayo 
aga^&; m^dio agagft: — reddish; 
ruddy. 

michd, adj.y adv. — ^poor; needy. 

micolot, adj.y adv.: — gay-colored; many- 
colored. 

mlcosas, n.; also abund&nsia; rico: — 
opulence; wealth. 

mide, v. tr.: — to measure. 

mI-da3Sg:ui8, adj.; also c&dang^es; 
da£^on; c&brea; also written mf- 
da£g;ue8: — resinous . 

mi-dlian, adj.: — warty. 

xniembro, n.; — member; limb. 

mientras, adj.y adv.: — temporarj-; exist- 
ing for a limited time. 

mientras tanto, adv.: also entretan- 
to: — in the meantime. 

mi^t, n.; also atnibat:~honey; sirup. 

miStcoles, n.;— Wednesday. 

migaa pan: — crumb of bread. 

mi-grasia. adj.; also ydasd; — merciful; 
charitable; pitiful. 

mi-gugat, adj.y adv.; also netbioso 
(Sp.); guinigatan: — nervous; sinewy; 
fibrous; composed of fibers. 

xnf-gUinaJa, adj.; also rico ml-iyo: — 
rich; wealthy; opulent. 

xnfjinilat, adj.; also mlnin&sifLa; mi- 
ninasifta: — eflScient; powerful. 

mil, adv.:- -thousand. 

siHache, adj.y adv.: — wrongful; inju- 
rious. 



milag, n.; also coriente {Sp.): — stream; 
current; torrent; tumbling stream. 

milag, V. i.: — to flow. 

mUagro, n.: — miracle; wonder. 

milagroso (Sp.), adj., adv.: — wonderful; 
miraculous. 

milaya, n.;— medal; medallion. 

mllfsia, n.; also ej^tsito: — ^army; host. 

milit6t, n.;— militar>'; soldierjr. 

mima&tan; also conbiene: — it is im- 
portant; it is necessary; it is fitting. 

mimarespeta; also inestima; enes- 
tima; estima: — respected; highly re- 
^rded; esteemed. 

mmierese, ck//.;— meritorious; deserv- 
ing. 

mfmesterio, adj.; also n&^dson; gft 
plaito: — fussy; making a fuss. 

muuilalag, adj., adv.: — flowing; moving 
or pouring forth ; fluent. 

mlmolestia, adj.; also Jfjoroba:— an- 
noying; troubleeome. 

mina, n.; — a mine. 

mina&csom, n.; aho binilacho; mi- 
na&gsom: — fermentation. 

mina^som^ n.: — acid. 

mina-ft'^fiao, n.; also aminaso; also 
uritten mina&^flau:— terror; comfort- 
lesf^ness; inconsolable state; scare; a 
sudden fright or panic; awe; appre- 
hension of evil or danger. 

mina48d, n.; also yin^asd; also written 
mina-asd: — pity; sympathy; com- 
passion; mercy; chanty; clemency. 

minacat, n.: — gravity; weight; impor- 
tance: seriousness. 

minachom &tdao yan quinajuld &t- 
dao:— twilight. 

minafag, n.; also flnaliiSgo:— bank- 
ruptcy. 

minagaeo, v. i.; aho beste: — to dress; 
to get dressed. 

minagajet, n.;— truth. 

minagajet, adj.; also magajet; pr6- 
pio: — veracious; truthful; true; real; 
actually existing; genuine. 

minagajet, n.: — fact; anything that is 
done; reality; event; truth. 

minagapfUujon, n.: — evaporation. 

mizi&gas, n.; also linamlam; minft- 
lag:— radiance; brightness; luster. 

minagof, n.; also felisid&d (Sp.); nina- 
ion^j quinentento; sinatisfecho: — 
happiness; bliss; gladness; pleasure; 
satisfaction; contentment; gratifica- 
tion; fun; mirth; drollery; sport; 
glee; gaiety. 

mmagoffia/ adj., adv.; also confot- 
mefla:— rational; agreeable to reason; 
wise; judicious. 

minagong:, n.,' a^ob&tsamo; dlnicho- 
so; quinensuela: — balm. 

minagpO ,71.; also fin; fin&gp6 : — ^finish ; 
end; conclusion. 

mina^em, n.; a/«o pas (5'p.):— peace. 

min&igdf n.: — sleep; also maigd, v. %.: — 
to sleep. 



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moderao 



minaJalalS|^, n.; aho binibo; pesa- 

duinbre: — appreheneion; anger; vexa- 
tion. 
i^Q^i^lffO^f ^-Z <i^<^ ninilmalgogfc:— 

peace; quiet; well-being; relief, 
xnln&lo, n.;— thirst. 
Tninftlag:, n.; aho flnafiilA; min&^as; 

euinatbo^ dinaiS^culo: — glare; bright 

dazzling light; brightness; luster; nwli- 

ance; splendor; pomp; magniticen^e. 
minalago, n.; also minatatHj^a; 

deseo: — grit; pluck; courage; whim; 

option; wish; eeleition. 
minalainafia, n.: — ferocity; cruelty; sav- 

agene^s; tyranny; severity. 
xninalefa, n.: — oblivion; the state of 

being blotted out from memory. 
minalulog, n.;— freedom; softnoFs. 
xninamaichecho, n.: — exertion. 
minamis, n.; — ^amiableness. 
minampoa, n.; — excess; superfluity. 
minHfiafia, n.; — mildne?«; charity. 
xninanda, n.; also sisifia: — jurisdiction. 
xninafiilft, n.: — flare; large, unsteady, 

glaring light; mamafiila; p&pagpag; 

Tn<imM)ta, n.: — explosive. 
iTi1nanfigu6, n.; also esp^sia; pin&u- 

pau: — spice; relish. 
xninanso, n.; aho siniabe:— gentleness; 

mildness; m(vkne^.«. 
ndnantiene, n.; guiniot: — grip; a grasp 

with the hand. 
yminftnuebe, adv.; nho mun&nuebe:— 

ninth. 
y min& ocho, adv.: — eighth. 
minaog, n.; also dinira: — duration; 

endurance; continuation. 
minapot, n.; also diflcutt&d (Sp.):^ 

difhculty. 
minasa, n.: — m-^turity; ripeness. 
minasa, n.: — ripeness; maturity. 
y xnin& sais, aai .; aho sestoi-^ixth. 
y niin& siete, ndi : (dso s^ptimo: — 

seventh (bee "Grammatical notes"). 
xninatApanl;, n.; aho ch&tjinalmn: — 

vexation; anger; ill -hum or. 
xninatatnga, n.; aho inabiba; bina- 

lente: — encouragement; valor; 

bravery; intrepidity. 
minatatiSga, n.;— valor; bravery; in- 
trepidity. 
minattrata, n.; also nin&t&elaye; 

guinigon^ jinefl6; ninat&ilaye: — 

maltreatment; oppression. 
xninatujog, n.: — sleepines?. 
mixL&ule^^/i.; aho quinettesano; tunas 

na tiningd: — morality; ethics; virtue, 
minaule^, v. i.; a/^o n&'g&ixuinauleg: — 

to qualify; to render fit; to prove fit for 

an office or position. 
minayulani:, n.: — demolition; destruc- 
tion. 
y xninedunl^, 7l.: — greatness; size. 
minefea, n.; aho znofa; despr^sio; 

butla:--derision, scorn, contempt; 

disdain. 



znin^gae, n.; aho abund&nsia; inti- 
bundansia: — abundance; profusion: 
plenty; superfluity; overflow; quaDiiiy. 

mln^jzudoin, n.; aho written xnin^ixia- 
luzn; aho tini^O; Jinaso; ivSaao: 
decreto; sapience; wisdom; knowl- 
edge; decree; sentence; judgment 

minel^Btia, n.; aho Jineroba: — annoy- 
ance; molestatioD. 

minefiero, n.; — ^hardneas; severity. 

minerese, n.; m^rito:— merit;* excel- 
lence; worth. 

mines£^n, n.; also Biiii£|^n; dinira:— 
forbearance; patience; indulgence; en- 
durance; contmuation; duration; perse- 
verance. 

minetgot, n.; aho finette; finejman; 
linilat; fuetva; siaifta: — stren^: 
force; power; vigor; might; authonty. 

minidiye. n.; aho sujeto; limitcMldn; 
re8triai6n (5p.):— reetriction; limita- 
tion; confinement. 

minilag, n.; aho milaff:^— ^ush; a sudden 
and violent flow of Tiqmd from an in- 
closed space. 

mlnimo, adj.; aho mas dlquiqul: — ^least; 



smallest in degree, size, value, impor- 
tance, etc. 

ministrO) n.; aho setbiente; criado:— 
servant. 

minitd, n.; aho dinetetmina; inten- 
8i6n: — (Sp.): — ^intention; purpoee; de- 
sign. 

minitngfc, n.; also nilamug; aho vritt^n 
nilamog: — stench; strong, offensive 
odor. 

minutero, n.; — minute hand. 

mi-ogsd, adj.: — ^hilly. 

miputi, adj.y adv.; also majalang:— 
painful. 

nura, n.: — myrrh. 

misan ftniniaa, n.;— requiem; mass for 
deceased person. 

miserable, adj.; aho odftyanmatiteg:— 
shabby; threadbare; mean in appear- 
ance; wretched; miserable; unhappy; 
seedy. 

niis^ria, n.; — misery; wretchedness. 

mfsetbe, n.: — ^utility; usefulness. 

misidn, n.; aho tinagO: — ^mission. 

misionero {Sp.\ n.: — miaaionary. 

mfst^rio, n.: — mystery. 

mititanos, adj., adv.; aho faye; s&bio; 
tomtom: — wise; prudent; sagacious; 
sly; crafty; learned; sensible. 

mitituc&, adj.:— thorny. 

mi-unai, adj.; aho lutLd: — sandy. 

moda^ n.; aho estilo (Sp.): — style, 
fashion; manner; conventional custom 
in dress. 

moda, adj.; aho modista: — fashionable; 
according to the prevailing mode. 

modelo, n.; aho figura: — ^model; figure. 

moderao, v. tr.; aho templao:— to mod- 
erate; to keep within bounds; to lessen. 



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mntft 



xnodesto, adj., adv.: also gasgas; ho- 
nesto; desente: — decent; clean; mod- 
est; neat; honorable. 

modetno, adj.: — novel, modem; of re- 
cent origin or introduction. 

mode, n.: — means and ways; mode. 

modonl:, n.; also batco: — ^bark; barque; 
three-masted sailing vessel. 

xnodoro, adj., adv.: — rude; coarse; feeble- 
minded. 

modung, adj., adv.; also taduHB:: — large; 
deep. 

mofea, v. tr., v. %.; also casi; butlea; 
insutta; lot^e: — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of. 

mojmo, V. tr.: — to chew for {ex., mother 
for her child). 

inoj6u, n.: — landmark. 

in6jon. adj., conj.: — possibly; perhaps; 
may ne; by chance. 

xnolestia, n.; also dafLo; petjulsio; es- 
totbo: — nuisance; anything offensive, 
injurious, vexatious, or annojdng. 

mol^stia, v. tr.; also nft-oh&tsaga; jo* 
roba; atborota: — to annoy; to molest. 

xnolino, n: — gristmill. 

xnolino, v. tr.; also gtsleg; tutu: — to 
gr'md ; to pulverize or reduce to powder 
by friction. 

momento (SpX n.; a^rato: — ^moment; 
instant; twinkling. 

moxxid. n.; — short-eared owl; the natives 
say tnat it catches lizards. 

mdna, adv.; also para m6na; yaJlUol6:— 
henceforth; for the future; at first; for 
the first: above all; for the present. 

xndna pat tate: — forward or backward. 

indna yan tate: — ^to and fro. 

monchon chotda, n.; also fafiot- 
dayan: — banana plantation. 

xnonohon t&otao, n.; also inetnon 
t&otao: — multitude; crowd; populace. 

xnoneda, n.; also salapd: — money; piece 
of money; com. 

monjayan, '"adj., adv.; also monjan; 
magpd: — ready; finished; complete. 

monjayan, v, tr.; also mag^:— to 
complete; to finish. 

monje, n.;— monk. 

monoplano, n.; — monoplane; aeroplane 
havm^ one plane only, contrasted with 
the biplano, biplane, which has two 
planes. 

monte (Sp.), n.; also sabana; ogsft:— 
mountain. 

montesiyo, n.;— shrubbery; brush; 
thicket. 

xnont6n, n.; — ^heap. 

monton ch&gtian, n.; also rasixno: — 
tuft; bunch; bundle; bunch of grapes. 

monumento [Sp.), n.: — monument. 

moBcas, n.: — joint; cut. 

nxostasa, n.: — mustard. 

motas, n.; — thread (turned). 

motgaji, adj.: — deep eyed. 

motibo, n.; also rasdn: — motive; incen- 
tive; reason. 



motmot, r. tr.:— to devour; to eat 

ravenously, 
motor electri8id&, 71.: — electric motor. 
xnottaja, n.; — shroud; winding sheet. 
mott&t, adj.; also m&inatai: — mortal. 
moyeja, n.: — gland. 
muchacha, n.: — girl; a female child. 
muchacho, n.; also patgon; tentagd: — 

boy; servant; house boy. 
xnudoro, adj.: — torpid; inactive; numb, 
muestra, n.: also c6Dia: — specimen; 

sample; pattern; model; anything cut 

out or marked, ready to be copied. 
mueye, n.; also pantal&n:— pier; wharf; 

mole or jetty; a landing place projecting 

into the sea. 
nxueye, n.: — spiral spring, 
mula, n.: — mule, 
mulato, n.; — curl; ringlet of hair. 
xuuma&gsoin, v. i.; also lumalald: — to 

ferment, 
mumagof, v. i.: — to rejoice; to be glad, 
muxnaiiotsot, v. tr.; also fafiotsot; 

puminite: — ^to regret; to rue; to be sorry 

for; to repent, 
nxumasa, r. %.: — to ripen {ex., fruit), 
xnumasa-jalum, i. i.; also m.a8a- 

jalum:— to sweat; to perspire, 
muznatcha, v. {.;— to march, 
mum&ya, adj.; also pumay&ya: — adrift; 

floating at random, 
xnumo, V. tr., v. %.; also znomye: — to 

combat; to fight; to battle; to quarrel; 

to wrangle, 
mumon-linajvcm, n.; also rebolu8i6n 

{Sp.) : — revolution ; uprising, 
mumon uin&euot, v. i.: — to grapple; to 

contend in close fight. 
xuumu, V. i.; also aguaguate; fach6- 

chile; apul&i:— to strive; to struggle; to 

labor hard or earnestly. 
xnumufLera, v. i.: — to fret; to be irritated 

or vexed. 
niu2i& dose, adv.; also ndnk dose: — 

twelfth, 
mufieca, n,; — doll. 

mufiera, adj.: — fretful; peevish; irri- 
tated. 
inufLero, adj., adv.; also bronco; mala- 

xnafia: — ^harsh; gnunbling; stubborn; 

obstinate. 
XQung^a, V. tr.; also opone: — to object; 

to oppose; to retort, 
munga, adv.; also aj6: — no; opposite of 

yes. 
niuiiifli6n, n.: — munition; cartridges. 
muzdBip&t, ac(;.; — municipal; pertaining 

to a city, state, or local self-government, 
mtisico, n.; — musician. 
mtisicos, n.; also otquestra: — orches- 
tra: body of musicians. 
mut&, V. i.: — to vomit; to erupt (er., a 

volcano). 
mut6, v. tr.:— to undertake; to intend, 
mutd, adj.; also bolunt&rio {Sp.):— 

voluntary; spontaneous. 



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mutol% 



200 



nft-cacluu&l^ 



inuto£|^, V. i.; o/^olamog: — to etink; to 

emit a strong offensive odor. 
mutta, n.; — to mulct; to fine, 
mutta, n.; also pena: — penalty; fine; 

legal punishment. 



inu^6, V. i.: — to be ill-humored; to be 

disgruntled, 
muym, v.tr.fV. i.: — to sneer; to scoff; to 

insinuate; to show contempt by some 

fax'ial expression. 



N 



na, conj.: — that; which; also exprert^es 
causation. 

nA-abmam, r. tr.: — to put off: to post- 
pone; to defer. 

na-&oazio, v. tr.: — to do inlaid work in 
wood. 

iki^&diSkOf V. tr.: also nft-sujanfi&ijon; 
n&-&d&apatta: — to sequester; to 
separate from the owner for a time. 

nA-adispatta, v. tr.: — to take apart « ma- 
chinery). 

n&-&di8patta y clase, r. tr.: also n& 
diferentes clase: — to assort; to 
classify. 

nft-&dotgan) v. i.: — to pierce through; to 
stick through ; to make an opening into. 

n&-&fftmatileg', v. tr.; also empas; 
apa«e: — to reconcile; to atone; to 
expiate; to make reparation; to give 
satisfaction. 

n&-&gadon, i. tr.; aho n&-lache:— to 
confuse; to jumble up; to render in- 
distinct. 

nft-4gaoli, V. tr.; aho nft-&pal6pd:— 
to cross the legs. 

n&-&^uitillie, r. tr.: — to heap up: to lay 
on top of each other. 

n&-aju8taO) r. tr.: — to adjust. 

n&-ald, V. tr.; aho aid; deshonra; n& 
t&ifaxna: — to insult; to bring dif-iirat^e 
upon; to injure the good name; to dis- 
honor; to defame; to entice; to allure. 

n&-alibiaO) r. tr.; o/«on&-lfijnajgong:— 
to alleviate; to quiet; to relieve. 

n&an, n.; aho matca; sefi^t: — a sub- 
stantive; name; mark; trade-mark. 

n&-ancho, v. tr.; aho n&-m&^ag:— to 
widen; to expand. 

n&-animo80, v. tr.: — to fortify; to make 
stronger. 

nk-snog, r. tr.; oho n&-xn&uleg: — to 
make good; to discover; to observe. 

n&-anug, v. tr.; aho written n&-anog: — 
to show. 

n&-&''pac&, I', tr.; aho blanquea: — to 
whitewash. 

nft-apling:) v. tr.: — to wrench; to wring or 
pull with a twist. 

nl^apd, V. tr.; aho mantiene; ayuda: — 
to support; to hold or offer the hand ; to 
hold pack. 

n&-ariina, r. tr.: — to lay down; to ap- 
proach ; to bring nearer. 

nft-asegura^ v. tr.; aho n&-seguro: — 
to assert; to maintain. 

nft-asentado, v. tr.; aho nft-aya:— to ac- 
commodate. 



I n&-asgon, v. tr.; also nA-g6i-fach6; n&- 
I AplachA: — to dirty; to soil; to make 
' impure; to foul. 

n&-atarantao, v. tr.; also trastotna; 
jacft; yalacft: — to disunite; to set at 
variance; to render mutually hostile. 

nft^atborotao, adj.: — vexing; trouble- 
some. 

n&-atborot&o, v. tr.: — to demoralize; to 
corrupt; to throw into confusion. 

n&-&tiloi5g:, V. tr.: — to blacken. 

n&-atog, r. tr.; also dimmiila (Sp.); 
n&-lip£g: — to hide; to conceal; to keep 
secret; to dissemble; to feijp. 

n&-&tiilaica, v. i.; aho tul&ica: — to bar- 
ter; to trade. 

n&-aya, r. tr.: — to forge. 

n&-aya, v. tr.: — to fit up alike; to make 
equal. 

n&-ayao, v. tr.; also &yao: — to borrow; to 
obtain on leave. 

nabaja, n.; — pocketknife; razor. 

na banda, adj.; aho san jaluxn na 
banda: — ^interior; inner; remote from 
the coast. 

nabegad6t, n.: — na\'igator. 

n&-belembau, v. tr.: — to cause to quiver; 
to vibrate. 

n&-be8te, v. tr.: — to garnish; to adorn. 

nabio, n.: — navy. 

n&-boca, v. tr.: — to feed. 

nl-boc&, V. tr.; also n&-etnon: — to heap 
up; to amass; to join. 

n&-brabo, v. tr.: — to strengthen; to en- 
liven. 

n&^rabo, adj.: — strengthening; enliven- 
ing. 

n&-bt!ibo, v. tr.; aho n&-lalal6; n&- 
iritao: — to infuriate; to provoke; to in- 
cite. 

n&bubo, adj.; aho xnan&bubo; lalald: 
empetuoso: — frantic; violentljr maa 
or distrocted; outrageous; irritable, 
effervescent; impetuous. 

naljubo, n.; aho pl&ito; disgusto:— 
indignation; quarrel; obstacle; diffi- 
culty; vexation; chagrin. 

n&'-bubu, adj., adv.; aho s&gaut; bani- 
doso yan otgnyoso: — severe; insolent. 

nft-bula, r. tr.; aho sajguane tAloj re- 
yena: — to replenish ; to fill up again. 

n&-cabale8, v. tr.: — to perfect; to com- 
plete. 

n&-cacha£&, v. tr.; also ti-anog: — to ob- 
scure; to darken; to dirty; to take away 
the luster. 



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n&-c&dad&, v. tr.: — to abridge; n&-l&di- 

quiqul: — to accelerate; na-l&gtiBd: — 

to cut short. 
n&^c&fachd, r. tr.: — to bespatter with 

mud. 
nl^ajuld, v: tr.; also jatsa: — to raise; to 

haul up. 
n&-calactus, v. tr.; also guasft: — to 

sharpen; to whet, 
n^-eaiamten, r. tr.; also chal6jgxL&: — 

to set in motion; to stir up; to move. 
n&-calainten, v. tr., v. L; also fachd- 

chd: — to operate; to work. 
n&-calo, V. tr,, v. i.; also cuznAcalo; 

sottaye: — to slacken; to relax: to 

enervate or to become enervated; to 

effeminate. 
nA-calo1&, v. tr.; also nft-mam&Jlao: — to 

provoke. 
n&-capap, r. tr.: — ^to make room; to move 

(in order to make room). 
n&-cajada, r. tr.; also disminuye:— to 

mitigate; to alleviate. 
ii&-chac&, V. tr., V. i.; also chac&; Julog; 

majlog: — to snap; to break short or 

instantaneously; to crack. 
n&-chade^, v. i.; also alula: — to hustle; 

to exhibit energy and alacritj^. 
n&^chaleg, adj., adv.; also written nA''- 

chalig: — ludicrous; amusing; humor- 
ous; comical; droll. 
ii&-ch&o€hao, r. i.; also n&-napo; 

n&-ch&ochao:— to fluctuate; to undu- 
late; to rise and fall. 
nft^chatgtiiya, n.; also f&faichanag: — 

despiser; contemner. 
nii-ch^LtJAgo^^j r. i.; also n&-inafnot 

jmuagong: ; nft - t&i jinagoflg : — t o 

stifle; to suffocate. 
n&-ch4tjinaso, v. tr.: — to embarrass; to 

perplex; to distress. 
na-ch&tp&go, r. tr.; also n&-as6: — to dis- 
tort; to deface; to deform; to disfigure. 
nft-chatsa^a, r. tr.; also ofende (Sp.); 

n&-ald; is&gUe; afia: — to offend; to 

insult; to outrage; to affront. 
nA-cUtsaga^ v. tr.; also joroba: — to 

anno^'; to molest; to importune. 
n&-€hauld y dfedalag;— to wag the tail. 
n4-ch$tan, v. tr.:— to strain; to stretch; to 

injure. 
na-chetnudan, v. tr.: — to wound; to 

lacerate; to injure. 
nft-Gheton, i'. %.: — to stick; to adhere; 

also pegfa, v. tr.; nk-maSJ^o; utot; 

estropea: — to maim; to cripple, 
n&'-chetbn, v. tr.: — to connect; to join; to 

unite. 
n&-chilong, v. tr.: — to arrange propor- 
tionately, 
nft-claruye, v. %.; also declara (Sp.): — 

to declare. 
n&-claruye, v. tr.; also esplicaye; 

traduse; sa^ganiye: — to interpret; to 

explain; to translate. 
Ji§Hla&ky V. tr.; also daii&: — to mingle; to 

mix; to blend. 



nA d&Sgculo mas qae y minagajet, 

V. tr., V. %.: — to exaggerate. 
n&-de£|^a, v. tr.: — to reverse; to turn 

upedde down. 
n&-de8pre8iao, i;. tr.; also n&-inachat- 

liA: — to bring into contempt. 
n&-dilug, V. tr.; also n&-de£ea; anula: — 

to reverse; to turn upside down; to 

change entirely. 
n&HJinanche, v. tr.; also corije (Sp.); 

rectifica (Sp.); rebista; repasa:— to 

rectify; to set nght; to revise; to review 

and amend. 
na-dochon, v. tr.: — to knock in; to 

drive in. 
n&-d6gae, v. tr.; also n&-d8on; n&- 

tenjos: — to emboss; to confound; to 

tire; to bore, 
n&e, r. tr.; also f&cae: — to cede; to give; 

to impart; to bestow a share or portion; 

to donate. 
nAe grisiaB, v. i.; also agradese: — to 

thank; to express thanks; to express 

gratitude. 
n&-empa8, v. tr.: — to give satisfaction; to 

expiate, 
n&e notisia, v. tr.: — to give notice. 
n&-totaI6, V. tr.; also nA-jalum: — to 

shove inj to thrust in; to insert; to inter- 
pose; to interpolate, 
n&e paste, v. tr.: — to graze. 
n&e patte, v. tr.: — to communicate; to 

impart; to cause to be shared. 
n4e petmiso, v. tr.: — to concede; to 

assent; to agree to. 
n&e prenda, v. i.; also n&e segurid&d:— 

to give security or bail; to be responsi- 
ble; to warrant. 
n&-esponja, v. tr., v. %.; also binila; 

b&obao:— to inflate; to swell; to cause 

swelling, 
nft-etnon, t;. tr.; also Joca; recoje; n&- 

cheton; n&-bocft:— to gather (the 

crops); to pluck; to collect in heaps; 

to connect; to join; to unite; to amass; 

to heap up; to join. 
n&etnon, adj.; also f&-monton; ma- 

aznontona; ma nft-etnon: — amassed ; 

piled up; hoarded; cumulated. 
n&-eyag, v. tr.; also fan&gUe; educa 

(Sp.): — to educate; to impart knowl- 
edge. 
n&-fach.d, V. tr.; also pin&lae; p&lae: — 

to smear over. 
n&-faffpd, V. tr., v. i.; also contrata 

(Sp?): — to close an agreement or con- 
tract; to enter into an agreement, 
n&^faileg, adj., adv.; also malaet: — 

bitter; sour; acid. 
n&-fali]&o. V. tr.; also destrosa (Sp.): — 

toannmilate; to destroy, 
nft-falofan, v. tr.: — to let come to pass. 
n&-famt&, v. tr.: — to bring forth; to 

produce; to create; to propagate; to 

transplant; to transmit. 
n&>fam.atquilo, v. tr.: — to compose; to 

pacify; to appease. 



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nA-famatqiiilOy t;. ir.: also apa8fg:ua; 

n&-niagof: — to calm; to soothe; to 

assua^; to make gentle, 
nft-f&n&an, v. ir.; also f&n&an: — to de- 
nominate; to name; to call. 
n&-fan-&guitili!ll, v, ir.;— to pile; to 

heap up; to collect. 
nft>faftetnot, v. tr.; also fafietnot; 

chetnot: — to wound; to hurt; todam- 

a?e. 
n&-fafill&, adj.,' also ag:6dai; son^e; 

8o£^gue: — ^inflamed; incensed. 
n&-fafiU&, V. tr.; also totngue; son- 

^e: — to ignite; to set on fire. 
n&-faflot8ot, V. %.; also mafic tsot: — to 

reform. 
n&-fanu]S^O, v. tr.; also ina; aclara: — 

to illuminate; to enlighten; to light 

up. 
n&-ian-y&U7au, v. tr.; also atborota: — 

to stir up; to incite; to instigate. 
nft-fatAchotfj^, v. tr.; also n&-toj^e; 

n&<tacho; aregla: — to set; to sup- 
port; to sustain. 
n&-fatftchotfj^, v. tr.; also sostiene 

{Sp.y. — to support (by pillars); to set; 

to sustain. 
n&-fUia, V. tr.; also n&-fino nA-lamlam; 

na-majlos: — to polish; to clean; to 

refine {ex., sugar). 
n&-fitnie, v. tr.; also n&-ineton: — ^to 

make fast; to strengthen; to insure. 
ii&-f6fdna, V. tr.: — ^to send on in advance. 
n&-fOna, v. %.: — to precede; to advance. 
n&-fdna, v. tr.; also ;&ftaco; g&oco: — 

to prefer; to give the preference to. 
n&<fotgon, V. tr.: — to moisten; to wet. 
n&-fre8co, v. tr.; also nft-maneiij^- 

JelSj^: — to refrigerate; to cool, 
naftan, n.; also sepulcro {Sp.): — 

sepulcher; grave. 
n&-gadon, v. tr.: — to mix; to entangle; 

to perplex; to bewilder. 
n&-g&eniinetgot (g&e, also written 

gai), V. tr.; also confitma; ayuda:— 

to s^ren^then; to confirm. 
n&-g&ichdch6, v. tr.; also exnplea: — ^to 

employ. 
n&-gaicndcho, v. tr.; also ocupa; aaj- 

guanej nft-chatsaga; tand: — to take 

possession; to use. 
n&-galileg, v. tr.: — to roll (a barrel). 
n&^g&iprobechO) adj., adv.; also nft^'ade- 

Icmtao:— ^vantageous. 
n&^gaO) n.; also nA^gau: — a coconut in 

which the water has become entirely 

absorbed. 
nft-gfiisabot, v. tr.: — to flavor; to im- 
part a flavor to. 
nft-gasgas, v, tr.; also ajusta; fam&u- 

leg; n&-tuna8: — to punfy; to free from 

impurities; to cleanse; to set in order; to 

arrange; renueba: — to renovate; to 

restore; reflna: — to refine; to educate or 

improve. 
n&-gatbo, V. tr,: — to embellish; to make 

beautiful. 



nft-gUeco, V. tr.; also nftye un gHeco:— 
to hollow out; to enlarge (a house). 

n&-ga6faflitO) v. tr.; ali) quemado:— to 
bake or fry too well; to bum in frj-ing. 

n&-guegmon, r. tr.: — to chew; to chew 
audibly. 

ii&-g1iin&ife) v. tr.; also nft-omang^l6:— 
to ventilate; to air. 

nft-gupo, V. tr., V. i.; also jralfbao: — to 
swing; to wave; to brandim. 

n&-1&jaiiau, P. P.; also written uA- 
Jajanao: — parting; dividing; separat- 
ing. 

ni-jaliuxiy V. tr.; also gfuaiya; ixnajina:— 
to fancy; to imagine; to take a liking to. 

n&-jalum, v. tr.: — to put in; to lay in; to 
bring in. 

n&-J&nAU; V, tr.; also n&-1&iiao: — ^to de- 
tach; to disconnect; to direct; to deter- 
mine; to conclude; detetmina; des- 
tina: — to determine. 

nft-j&naa; apatta, v. tr,: — to deliver; to 
set free; to save. 

na-janau; remuebe {Sp.) v, tr.: — to send 
away; to take away; to remove. 

n&-1aso, V. tr.; also f&n^e; indica 
{Sp.): — to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint. 

nft-Jaspoe, v. tr.; also nft-bula: — to fill 
up (one s stomach); to sate; to satiate; to 
fill up to repletion; to satisfy. 

n&-JatsaznientOy v. tr.: — to incite re- 
bellion. 

fi&jlalai£g, adj.; also inij6; tipadog; 
adelantao : — thrifty . 

n&-1oxnl6; t;. tr.; also amte: — to heal. 

n&Moml6, adj.; also n&lala; saludable 
(5p.) .--salubrious; healthy. 

najong, adj., adv.; also dibettido; 
magof; satisfecho: — satisfied; cheer- 
ful; delighted; joyous; merry; ^y. 

najong, n.; also Jinilat; nm&sifia; 
ninajong: — efficiency ; effectual 
agency. 

najong, adj., adv.: — sufficient; enough. 

n&-juyo£^, v. tr.; also inbenta; 8o<i&: — 
to invent; to devise; to find out. 

n&-juyo£g, V. tr.; also written n&- 
juyufi^; also f&tinas; chdglie: — to 
make; to create; to fashion; to fabricate; 
to bring forth; to bear. 

n&-juyu£g:ue, v. tr.: — to furnish; to 
supply; to fit out; to eauip. 

na-l&anaod, v. tr.; also tdluye: — ^to 
len^^then; to add to. 

n&-l&a8entadO) v. %.; also refotma (Sp,)', 
enmienda: — to reform; to make better; 
to correct. 

n&-l&barato, v. tr.: — to lower the price. 

nl^l&calO) V. tr.: — to slacken; to loosen; 
ti manmerese; adj.: — unworthy; un- 
deserving. 

n&-l&calO; V. tr.: — to unyoke; to un- 
harness. 

n&-l&oalo, V. tr,: — to loosen; to free from 
tightness. 



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ni-mam&jlao 



nA-laohe, v. tr.; also n&-tlUlaye; n&- 

laznas; n&-potlilo:— to lead astray; to 

bribe; to corrupt; to desecrate; to 

profane, 
zka-l&dididl, v. tr.: — to abate. 
ii&-16diquiqui, v. tr.; also rebaja; 

reduse (Sp.):--U> make smaller; to 

reduce; to oiminish. 
zk&-16fiLtiiie, V. tr.; also n&-l&inet^t: — 

to reinforce; to strengthen. 
nft-16fresoo, v. tr.; also refresco (Sp.): — 

to refresh; to reinvigorate; to restore. 
nft-l&gatbo, V. tr.: — to make more 

beautiful; to put on rouge; to adorn. 
zk&-lago, V. tr.; also dirite: — to cook; to 

boil; to set upon the fire; to melt; to 

fuse; to dissolve. 
2iA-16g:ual, V. tr; also BVLgun: — to drive; 

to impel forward by force; to propel; to 

urge on. 
zk&-lllUl, V. tr.: — to enliven; to animate. 
zk&-l&l& tAlo, V. tr.: — to resuscitate. 
2iA-lalal6, v. tr.; also ag6dai; ma ag6- 

dai: — to madden; to make mad or 

furious; to inflame; to excite; to fire 

with passion. 
n&-l&mAoat, v. tr.; aho oatgaye; ocMe; 

aumenta; n&-bubo:— to aggravate; to 

intensify. 
n&-l&inaj^£j^, v. tr.: — to quiet; to re- 
lieve; to alleviate. 
2i&-l&inauleg^ v. tr.; also nft-magajet; 

apase:— to insure; to improve; to make 

good an assertion; to give one credit; to 

bail. 
nft-laznen, v. tr.; also gwotSj;; Jofl6:— to 

maltreat; to oppress; to oeat; to wound; 

nft-famadese: — to resent; to consider 

as an injury or affront. 
n&'lamen, adj.; also nft^'puti:— harmful; 

injurious. 
nft-l&xuoduiSg:, V. tr.:— to enlarge; to 

make deeper. 
nA-laolao, n.: — magnet; a magnetized 

needle. 
n&-16teog, V. tr.: — to thicken. 
n&-l&tf6na, v. L; also lum&mauleg; 

adelanta: — to improve; to prosper; to 

thrive. 
ii&-16ulau, V. tr,: — to stagger; to cause to 

quake or to tremble. 
nA-layag, v. tr.; also nabeg&t (Sp.): — to 

sail; to navigate. 
jift-lay6, V. tr.: also nft-tenjos: — to in- 
sult; to embitter; to incite; to stir up. 
nft-libre, v. tr., v. %.: — to spare; to use in a 

frugal manner; to forgive; also satba; 

rescata: — ^to rescue; to liberate; to set 

free from danger, 
nft-lifet, V. tr.: — to smuggle; to import 

without paying customs duties (f Atmas 

contrabando; n&-t&yoe sin aduana). 
nft-lii, V, tr.; also wriuen na-lift: — to show; 

to prove. 
ji&-luto, V. tr.; also lunxuto: — to put on 

mourning. 
nft-maigvom, v. tr.: — ^to make sour. 

4562—18 14 



n&^TTiaftftao, adj., adv.; also Jomjom: — 
fearful; gruesome; horrible of aspect; 
inspiring gloom or horror. 

nlt-maft^flao, v. tr.; also f&fi&cile; ami- 
^^^bba; jong^a£g: — to dread; to fear 
greatly; to scare; to frighten; to stroke 
with sudden terror. 

n&^ma&fiao, adj.^ adv.: also t&ilaye: — 
barbarous; cruel; terrible; fierce; awful; 
solemn. 

n&^ma&sd. adj.^ adv.: — ^m i s e r a b 1 e; 
wretchea; lamentable; pitiful. 

nama-atooB, adj.: — arched. 

namft-atooB, adj.: — arched. 

n&-ina-chalapun, v. tr.: — to stretch out; 
to spread out. 

n&-inaohatlid, v. tr.; also nft-despre- 
Biao: — to bring into contempt. 

n&^machatlie. adj.: — liable of causing 
some one to oe hated or disliked; 

nA-matnaB, v. tr.; also funaB: — to de- 
stroy; to consume; to devour; to wipe 
out. 

nft-magft, v.tr.; also apura: — ^to acceler- 
ate; to hurry on; to speed on. 

ndr-xnaeajet, v. tr.; also n&-niagajet y 
Bina^an: — to make good an asser- 
tion. 

n&-inagajet, v. tr.: — to realize; to make 
real or actiial. 

n&magof. adj.^ adv.: also agradable; 
nft^ Joim6 ; p&upau: — ^pleasant ; del igh t- 
ful; agreeable; gladsome; joyous, gay; 
pleased; cheertul; delighted; merry; 
obliging; balmy. 

n&-znaeof. v. tr.; also complaBe n&- 
Batinecno; nft-empas: — to gladden; to 
delight; to give pleasure to; to gratify; 
to please; to accommodate; to exhila- 
rate; to enliven; to satisfy; to gratify; 
to pay in full. 

n&^magof, n.; also minagof: — delight; 
enjoyment; joy. 

n&^magolSg, n.: — veterinary; healer of 
diseases of domestic animals. 

n&]nago£j^, v. tr.: — to heal; to quiet. 

n&-inaguag, v. tr.; also nft-ancho: — to 
widen; to expand. 

iift-mlag6, V. tr.: — to put to sleep. 

nft-mlape, v. tr.:— to heat; to warm. 

nft-majagft, v. %.: — to bleed. 

]i&-inajgo£^, v. tr.: — to quiet; to heal. 

n&-majguei, v. tr.; also nft-yayas: — to 
tire out; to make tired. 

nft-mailoB, v. tr.: — to smoothen; to 
polish. 

n&-m&Jllao, v. tr.; also m&jfiao: tAlo 
tate: — to recall; to call back; to 
revoke. 

n&nialagd, adj., adv.: — charming; love- 
ly; agreeable; sweet. 

nft-mam&jlao, v. tr.; also nft-bubu; 
n&'-dBon: — to swelter; to provoke. 

nft-mam&jlao, v. tr.; also is&gUe; in- 
Butta; n&-niam&jlao: — to injure; to 
insult; to affront. 



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n&^inaina]lau, adj., adv.: also written 

nft^mamajlao :— fihameful . 
nft-m&Aafia, t?. tr.: — to Boften; to move 

the heart; to mollify, 
nft-manana, v. tr.; al$o n&gasns; 

esplioa (Sp.); piil&:~to make clear; 

to expound; to explain. 
n&-nia*nfte, v. tr.; aiso remite (Sp.):—U} 

remit; to tranamit money, 
n&^m&fiao, adj., adv.; also n&^madfiao: 

terrible; dreaohil; awful; fearful. 
n&^mAfiao, n.; also minaftflao:— dread ; 

fear; reverential awe. 
nA-mancha, v. tr.: — to stain; to dese- 
crate, 
nft-manxnan, v. tr.; also n&-£g&lS^: 

cajnaye:— to bewitch; to cast a spell 

over. 
aA^TOanTnan. adj., also gatbo; n&^man- 

maji: — sublime; awe-inspiring; de- 
lightful; marvelous; exciting wonder; 

incredible, 
nft-xnanso, v. tr.: — to tame; to soothe; to 

calm. 
n&-ZDapanafl, v. tr.; also mapanas:— to 

flatten; to lay flat; to make level or 

even. 
n&-m&pao, v. tr.:— to cool off; to refresh. 
n&-xnasa, v. tr.: — to make ready; to pre- 
pare food in the best possible way; to 

place Into vinegar. 
nft^nias&, adj.y adv.; also asqueroao 

(Sp.); m& chatlii; ti ma gu&iya:— 

nauseous; loathsome; odious; un- 
popular; offensive. 
namftse na t6otao, n.: — pauper; a pK)or 

person. 
na-matan lalal6, v. t.;— to frown; to 

scowl. 
nft-matat£|:a, v. tr.; also aniina: — to 

inspire; toencoumge; to strengthen. 
nft-matt^tsio, v. tr.; also mattrata; 

desprdaia; nft-mattdtsio: — to abuse; 

to despise. 
n&-matu£S^d, v. tr.:— to spread abroad; 

to diffuse; mattuSS^d; machal^Jgoft; 

machalapun, p. /).;— divulged; dif- 
fused; spread abroad, 
nft-matuno gui Janum m&ipe pat 

mantica. v. tr.:— to scald; to bum 

with hot liquid or steam. 
nft-m6ngua, v. tr.; also n&-poble:— to 

impoverish; to make poor; to reduce 

to poverty, 
nft-meton, v. tr.; also n&-fltme:— to 

fasten; to strengthen, 
n&meton, adj.: — strengthening, 
nftmoda, n.; also bfaio; ti-abmam: — 

fad; a pet idea; a passing fashion, 
n&monton, p. p.; also nft-etnon; ma 

nft-etnon; maiunontona: — amassed; 

hoarded; piled up; cumulated, 
nana, n.; also maore (Sp.): — mother. 
n&n&, adj.; also ti-6ano^; ma n&nft: — 

latent; concealed; invisible. 
n&n&; v. tr.: — to hide something. 
n&-najo£g, v. tr.; also nft-ffuaja: — to 

supply; to furnish; to provide. 



nft-naJo£j^, v. i.: — to suffice; to be 
adequate. 

n&n&1uyu]S£^, n.; — creator. 

n4n&Iibre, n.; also saaatba; aatbaddt 
(Jr. 5p.):— SaviOT. 

niSi&lo, 7i.; also debuetta; nin&Ulo:— 
restitution; compensation; amends. 

n&n&lo, V. i.; also m&Jfiau; tum&lo 
tate: — to return; to come back again 
to the same place or state. 

n&n&lo, V. tr.: — to return; to restore; to 
make restitution. 

nAnmo y finiJ6 nl y manjula; also 
rentbiida y ch&tjinetlggrae: — to ab- 
jure; to recant upon solemn oath. 

nanAlo y fl2iiJ6, v. tr.; also deroga; 
rebuetbe; cansela: — to revoke; to 
countermand; to withdraw; to abolish; 
to dismiss. 

ji&-ftafi6, V. tr.; also n&-foda: — to make 
duU. 

n&ni^o, V. %.: — to surge («x., the waves); 
to roll or rise high. 

nanaao, n.; — local name for the fon 
flower. 

n&nftt&ilaye, n.; also crimin&t (Sp.):— 
malefactor; criminal. 

nandy adj., adv.; also nfttata: — shallow; 
low; weak; superficial. 

nanga, v. tr., v. %.; also naaS^ga; 
ai^oco: — to hope; to expect; to await; 
to look for. 

nafgga, v. i.: — to wait; to stay in 
expectation. 

naiSgo, V. %.: — to swim. 

nano, n.;— <iwarf; human being much 
below the average height; pigmy. 

n&-nuebo, v. tr.: — to refit; to prepwe 
afresh. 

n&oao or n&uau, adj.:—<\e».T\ trans- 
parent. 

na od&, adj.; also cansado; afEgl6 na 
od&; esterit; angld; t&iiuinaiileg:— 
sterile; barren; producing little or no 
crop. 

n&-od&, v. tr.; also mayabug: — ^to soil; to 
dirty. 

nftdson, adj.; also mfmesterio; gft- 
pl&ito: — fussy; making a fuss. 

napa, n.; also xdpa: — ^local name for nypa 
miticans; an interesting palm; grows 
at the mouth of every stream where 
the water has become brackish; the 
stripped leaflets are used for thatching 
the oetter native houses of the island. 

nft-para, v. %.; also fagp6: — ^to finish; to 
stop; to cease. 

nft-para, v. tr.; also eeta^^a; presa; 
polonfi&ijon; bumaata; dhab&; diaa- 
tiende:— to stem; to dam; to check; to 
resist; to interrupt; to hold up; to delay; 
to snub; to treat with designed con- 
tempt; despenaa; sotta; aati: — to 
waive; to give up a claim; to forego. 

nft paranfLaiJon, v. tr.; also cana: — ^to 
suspend; to delay. 

nft-parejo, v. tr.; also n&-aya:— to 
assimilate; to absorb. 



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n&-payon 



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neses&rio 



n&-payon, v. tr.; also acostumbra 

(Sp. ): — to accustom. 
n&-penite, r. tr.; also n&-tri8te; n&- 

taiminagof: — to sadden; to make sad. 
n&-petfecto, v. tr.:— to periect; to 

complete, 
nft-pinalala, v. i.; also cuca: — to be 

agitated (by a violent passion). 
nft-pinite, v. tr.: — to cause pain. 
n&^piniti, adj., adv.; also pinite; nft^- 

pinite: — pitiable; deserving pity. 
napo, n.; — wave; surf; breakers. 
nft-poble, V. tr.; also nH-m^ngiia: — to 

make poor; to impoverish; to reduce to 

poverty. 
n&-puti, V. tr.; also f&tinas dafio:— to 

hurt; to do harm to. 
n&-qu6maig:d, v. tr.:— to lull; to soothe 

to sleep. 
xi&-qu68iiia; also empefla:— to endeavor; 

to trv; to take pains. 
xi&-qamlog, v. Ir.; also jila:— to spin. 
nasa, n.;— lobster trap. 
xi&-s&j3!!gue, V. tr.; also nft-fuera; vA- 

suja: — to exclude someone; to separate 

from others; to segregate. 
zi&-sano, r. tr.; also f&m&uleg; rezn^dia 

(Sp.): — to remedy; to prepare; to put in 

order. 
n&rBkon&o, V. i.; also tun|^6; compren- 

de (Sp.): — to understand; to compre- 
hend, 
nft-seguro, r. tr.; also n&-fitme: — to 

t^irenicthen; to insure; to make fast. 
n&-86nbula, v. tr.:— to fill; to flood. 
n&'sifia, adj., adv.: — mighty. 
nAsifiayon, adj., <m?i;.. -^feasible; practi- 
cable, 
nasidn, n.: — nation. 
nAeuja, v. tr.; also nA-J&nao: — to oust; to 

eject; to deduct; to take away. 
n&-BUJa, V. I.; also MjjS^o; Bepara:— to 

separate; to part; to go asunder. 
^&Hsuja gui saga, n.;— displacement; 

substitution. 
nft-suja gui sagaiia, v. tr.: — to displace; 

to put out of place; to depose from 

office. 
n&-t&ibale, v. Ir.:— to annul; to make 

void; to abolish. 
ii&-taigiifjej&, v. tr.; also renueba; n& 

saga tlQo: — to restore; to bring back 

into its former strength; to renew; to 

reclaim. 
n&-t6ilaye, v. tr.; also f&baba; yu- 

laUg: — to falsify; to lead astray; to 

harm; to injure; to spoil; to ruin; to de- 
stroy; to despoil; to make base; to cor- 
rupt; to vitiate. 
nft^taila3re, adj.; also camtem; dafio- 

8o: — mischievous. 
nft-taldane, v. %.: — to dine; to eat the 

midday meal (can6 y nft-tal6ane). 
hA tal6ajie, n.:— dinner; the chief meal 

of the day. 
natas, n.: — scum; impurities on surface 

of boiling liquids; foam; mold; 8curf; 

scab; crust. 



n&tata na lug&t, n.;— ford; shallow part 

of a stream suitable for crossing. 
n&-tate/i. t.; — to hang back; to hesitate. 
nA-tatnon, i;. tr.; also nA-magof; n&- 

manznan: — to delight; to please; to 

give pleasure to; to appease, 
natibo, adj.; xnafaiiagon y mismo 

tand: — ^indigenous; native. 
na ti f&faye, n.; nobiyo pat toro; 

guaca na ti f&faye: — bullock; steer. 
n&-tosta, V. tr.; also &sadot; asao: — to 

roast, 
nft-triste, v. tr.: — to cause sorrow; to 

cause grief. 
n&-tuna8, v. tr.; also afloja: — to unbend, 

to unharness; to relax. 
n&-tu£|:d, V. tr.y V. %.; alsosadSJ^BJie'y noti 

flea (Sp.): — to inform; to apprise; to 

give information. 
n&^tu£|:6, n.; also InAnogchA; cuenta; 

notlsia (Sp.): — report; account; rela- 
tion; connection. 
n&-tu£g^d, V. tr.; also descubre^ in- 

benta: — to reveal; to make plain or 

evident; to discover; to put forward; to 

disclose. 
n&-tu£|^6fi&ijony v, tr.; also sa£§;anen 

patgon: — to insinuate; to suggest or 

hint indirectly. 
nA-tunog, V. tr.; also alcalayd: — to lower; 

to let down, 
natur&t, adj.; also pure: — natural; gen- 
uine. 
nAuau, adj.. adv.; also n&oao: — transpar- 
ent; capable of being seen through; 

pellucid; clear (water). 
n&-y&fai, v. tr.; also l&cnai: — to exhaust; 

to drain; to weaken; to enfeeble. 
n&yan, n.; also naAyan; yabe {Sp, 

llave): — key. 
n&yan, n.: — vessel; utensil for holding 

liquids, 
n&yan fachd, n.: — earthenware. 
n&yan-m^md, n.; also be jiga:— bladder. 
nA-yano, v. tr.: — to level; to even. 
n&ye, v. tr.: — ^to pour; to pour in. 
n&ye, v. tr.; also n&ye guato:— to 

append; to attach, 
nftye batiBamo, r. tr.: — to embalm. 
nA-yomog. v. tr.; also p6g8ai: — to fatten; 

to make tat; to feed, 
neglo, n.;— darky; negro, 
negosiante, n.: also cometsiante: — 

merchant; trader; dealer, 
negdsio, n.: — business; speculation. 
nempate, v. t.: — to splash; to dabble in 

the water, 
nena, adj.; also mft-goflifi:— beloved; 

dear. 
nencan6, n.; also nilala; Bustento; 

nenjcand:— fare; pro^•ision8 of a table; 

subsistence; maintenance; livelihood. 
nencan6 oabayo pat guaca;— fod- 
der; food for horses or cattle, 
nene, n.; also pinatgon; page finana- 

go: — ^infant; a young child; baby. 
nesesArio (Sp,). adj., adv.; also nese- 

8itao:— needful; necessary; essential. 



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nesesid&d 



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Bombrft 



neseud&d (5p.)» n.:— necessity; need, 
nesesitik, v. tr.; also prefende; gkgAVL 

or g&gao: — to require; to lav claim to. 
nesesi^, n. ; nesesid6: — ^need ; n e c e s - 

sity: urgent want, 
nesesitao, adj.: — needy; impecunious; 

without money; poor. 
nesesitao, n.: — poor man. 
ndsio, adj.; also ft^duco; &^taxnoB: — 

imbecile; feeble-minded; idiotic, 
nl, rel. pron.: — which. 
nib6t, n.;— water gauge; hydrostatic 

balance, 
niebe, n.; — enow. 

ni^niega, adj.: — negative; den>ing; re- 
fusing. 
nietOy n.: — grandchild, 
nifen, n.:— tooth, 
nigap, orfi?.;— yesterday. 
nigas, n.: — local name for the Pemphis 

acidula; a small tree growing on the 

ehore; its wood is usea for fuel, fence 

stakes, and walking sticks. 
nilache, n.: — ^breach; violation, 
nilamug, n.; also written nilamoflr; also 

nxinitujSg^: — stench; strong offensive 

odor. 
nilanan, n.: — snore; a noisy breathing in 

sleep, 
nilayan, n.; also Inetnon; retmi6n: — 

reunion; a festive gathering of familiar 

friends or associates, 
nilibre, n.; also satbasidn (Jr. Sp.): — 

rescue; salvation, 
nilid, n.: — sight; act of seeing; power of 

vision, 
nixuano, adv.; also tayft nfte: — never; 

nowhere. 
nin& asd, v. i.; also xa&£gag; umasd; 

iningag: — to sag; to sink down; to 

yield. 
nin&e, n.;— gift; finaye; tiningd, n.; — 

gift of wisdom, 
nin&e, n.; also ajnadeaimiento; ina- 

gradese; gratinea (Sp.): — gift; dona- 
tion; reward; recompense; gratitude; 

acknowledgment; thanks. 
ninftjaso, n.; also tucft: — mention; hint; 

brief notice. 
ninajoiSg:, n,; also xoinagof; quinen- 

tento; sinatisfdcho: — sati^action; 

contentment; gratification. 
ninftjuyu£g, n.; — creation; work, 
ninftjuyu^^ ealapd, n.; — ^fund; money 

set apart for some object. 
ninlUibre, n.; also inasli; nirescata: — 

impunity; freedom from punishment, 

injury, or loss, 
ninftlo lin&l&, n., also num&lo ja&ne; 

linlOa tUlo; lin&la y t&taotao t&lo:— 

resurrection, 
nindr^xnamajlau, n.: — shame, 
nindmfiuleg, n.; also inadelanta; ai- 

nibe; flnSm&ule^: — improvement, 
xiinanga, n.; also mnatigga; — ^hope; an- 
ticipation; confidence. 



nin&8&]£^e. n.; also inijd; inadaje:— 

saving: exclusion; omission. 
nin&8&j£g:ue, v. tr.; also dinepomta: 

resetba (.Sp.):— to reserve; to hold 

back; to keep in store, 
nin&sifia, n.; also flnette; jinilat:— 

power; vigorj strength; force; ability; 

sway; dominion; authcnity. 
nin&sifia, adj.: — proficient; thoroughly 

qualified or skilled, 
niiift t&ilaye, n.;— depravation; deterio- 
ration. 
nin&t&ilave. n.; also laohe; ineoho^:— 

wrong: mult; injury; injustice. 
ninfttiS^, n.; also notincaai6n; infot- 

ma8i6n (5p.):— information. 
ninftye un achaque: — he is overcome by 

a fit. 
nillo (Sp.), n.;— child (male); nifia 

child (female); also patgon (patgon 

laje pat patgon palaoan). 
ninuebo (^p.), n.; also goaja nobed&; 

nobedfid:— novelty, 
nirebaja, n.; also dinesminaye: — re- 
duction; diminution, 
nirechasa, n.; also chinab&; inopone; 

resist^zuria {Sp.): — resistance; oppo- 
sition. 
nireconoBe. n. .'-^recognizance; avowal; 

acknowleogment. 
y niredondo, n.; also inatreded6t:— 

girth; circumference. 
nirefresco, n.; — refreshment, 
niremite, n.: — remittance; a sum of 

money transmitted, 
nirenueba, n.; also ma ii& nuebufia:— 

renewal; renovation; revival. 
nirentin8ia,n.;— renunciation; disavowal; 

rejection. 
nirepara, n.; also espiasion {Sp.) gui- 

n^fatdtuye; inatituye: — reparation; 

expiation; nirepara, n.: — remark, 
nirepresenta, n.; also representasidn 

(Sp.) : — representation ; exhibit ; ap- 

pearance. 
ni uno, n.; — nobody; no one. 
ni uno, pron.: — neither (ni, conj.: — ^nor, 

as in neither nor ). 

ni un tiempo (/r. Sp.), adv.; also nun- 

ca: — never; at no time, 
nobale, adj.: also nulo: — void; not valid; 

not admipsible. 
nobed&d, n.: also ninuebo; guaja no- 

bed&: — novelty. 
nobenta, a</r.:— ninety. 
n6bia, n.; also guaivayon; y man ga&- 

i^:— sweetheart; lover; loved one. 
n6Dia, n.: — bride, 
nobiembre, ?i.; — November. 
n6bio, n.: — lover; gallant; spendthrift; 

bridegroom. 
nobiyito, n.; also torete: — steer; young 

male ox. 
nombra^ v. tr.; also f&n&an; saiSgan; 

elije; ayeg: — to elect; to name; to 

appoint. 



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Bombrayon 



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finiUk 



nombrayon, adj. .-eligible; legally qual- 
ified. 

nonagj n.; — local name for a tree, the 
jack-in-the-box; its wood is very light 
and soft. 

nones, n.: — pair; odd (3, 5, 7, 9, etc.). 

nota, n.; also ni repara; obsetbasidn 
(Sp.): — remark j observation; comment. 

nota, n.; — note (m music). 

notifica(^p.), v. tr.; aUo nft-mattuSgd: — 
to notify; to give notice; to make kno^Mi. 

notisia, n.; also fina&ila; notifica8i6n 
{Sp.)\ nuebo: — notice; notification; 
report; news. 

nu, conj.: — that; so that. 

nu, prep.; also entre: — through; with; of. 

nublado, adj.; also Jomjom uchan: — 
cloudy. 

nuebe, adj.: — nine. 

nuebeaientos, adj.: — nine hundred. 

nuebo, adj.: — new; recent in origin. 

nuebo na pulan, n.: — new moon. 

nufd, n.;— local name for a hideous toad- 
fish with poisonous dorsal spines; is of 
brownish color, with mottliiigs of dark 
brown; covered with wart^, and its 
mouth is directed upward; is much 
dreaded by the natives. 

nujoilg, n.; also knineiSg; sombra 
(Sp.): — shade; shady place; shadow. 

nulo, adj.; also t&ibale; t&isetbe:— 
invalid; null and void. 



numftlo, V. %.; also jomld: — to recover 

(from sickness); to revive; to recover 

life, 
numftlo, V. tr.: — to restore to life; to 

reanimate, 
numftlo, n.; also jinemld: — ^recovery; 

restoration to healm. 
numalon lalal6, v. tr.; also lalatde tftlo; 

tum&lo lalald; ope; opone: — to retort; 

to demur; to obiect. 
y num&n&tu^o, n.; also gotgot; y 

TnaTiatf|;ali^ne: — informer; approver, 
numaog, v. tr.; mumaog: — to outlive; to 

survive. 
num&saJtS^e, v. tr.; also manadaje: 

man recoje: — to hoard; to collect ana 

lay up. 
numerea, v. tr.; also tufo£g; — to count; 

to enimierate. 
ntitnero, n.: — number; unit; numeral; 

symbol or word expressing a number, 
nunca, adv.; also ni un tiempo: — never; 

at no time. 
nupi, n.: — » climbing plant, the stems of 

which are used for lathing together the 

framework of native houses and sheds. 
nutr&t, adj.; also indiforente: — neutral; 

unbiased; indifferent. 
nutrimentO) v. tr.; also nlU-choclio: — to 

niulure; to nourish; to feed. 



5r 



-Ha, suffix: — indicates possession: his, 
hers, etc. 

"HsLy suffix — (-fla que): — denotes compar- 
ative. 

fiab&, adj. J adv.; also fi&ujan; g&nia; 
manso; m&fUtfLa: — pliable; easily 
bent; flexible; soft; easily yielding to 
pressure. 

fiaba, adj.; also flojo:— relaxed; flabby; 
soft; loose. 

fiac&, V. tr.; also cana: — to hang up; 
to suspend. 

fiajlala£g, adj.: — light in w.eight. 

fiajlalatS§ na niin&ig6, v.i.; aha m&igd 
flaijon:— to slumber; to sleep lightly; 
to doze. 

fialaxig, adj.: — hungry. 

iiama, adj.^ adv.: — helpless; unwieldy; 
awkward; clumsy. 

fiamo, n.: — mosquito. 

fiangna^g, adj.: — talkative; entertain- 
ing. 

ILan^aiSg;) n.: — mocker; scoffer; super- 
cilious person; arrogant man. 

fiango, n.; also caderas; lomo: — ^hip; 
haunch; loins. 

iiang^on, v. tr., v. i.: — to whisper; to 
speak secretly. 



flalid, adj.y adv.; also obtuso; t&ipunto; 
foda: — obtuse; dull. 

ILano, adj.; also majefo£g:: — dull (with- 
out a cutting edge or point). 

flating, adj., adv.: — slow; lazy. 

fiati^g, V. i.; fiumatifig: — to lag; to 
move slowly; to loiter; to stay behind. 

fUlujan, V. i.;— to waver; to sta^^ger. 

flejofig:, V. %.: — to duck; to himible one's 
self. . 

fiejo^, V. i.: — to lie in ambush; to lurk; 
to duck; to humble one's self. 

fiinalafig^, n.: — ^hunger. 

fiifiifia, n.; also iniga; nifiilLa: — caress. 

fiifiifla, n.; also minejmo; ga-man- 
uga: — flatterer. 

fiogfiog, V. tr., V. %.; also lumus; su- 
pug: — to submerge (in water); to im- 
merse; matmos, v. %.: — to drown. 

flojmon, adj., — wet; muddy; soft. 

116116, V. tr.; also chinepchop; pinaflot; 
lumos: — to merge; to absorb or swallow 
up. 

fiucot, V. tr: — to strangle; to choke; to 
throttle; to catch by the throat. 

Hudo, V. tr.:—to button; to knot; also 
batunes: — ^button. 

flufLa, V. tr, — to pet; to fondle; to flatter; 
to caress. 



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i^ian? 



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onyan 



^g' 



iSgr&ian? arfi .;— when? (deade tfS^ftianP— 

HI ace when?) 
£^&iaii, conj.; also gain; gainj&; ya- 

guin; an nae; &nae; an nai; &nai; 

masea tffciian: — w-hen; whenever, 
ngajft, r. I.; — to raise the eyee. 
ti|^&£^ft, adj.: — unattentive. 
n^aiSg^ao, n.;— fence surrounding a field; 

n&ye n|:&]S^ao:-^make a fence. 
n|:an|^a3, v. ir.: — to chew. 



iS^otS^t, V, %.: — to blow the no:*e. 
£gogt^og, V, %.: — to snuffle: to speak 

thioi^ the noee. 
ffiot]^ot, adj., adv.: aUo af&gao; 

losus: — noarse. 
£|^el6y V. i.: — to peep through a hole or a 

crack. 
tf|^6, n.; also atbettura (Sp.): madog; 

binaba: — ^hole; aperture; opening; 

crack; iS^uld cli&ca:— rat hole. 



o. 



obejas, n.: — sheep. 

obii^o, n.: — bishop. 

oblige, V. tr.; aha Impone (.9p.):— to lay 

on; to apply; to impose, 
obligao (Sp.), adj., adv.; also fuetsao: — 

compulsory J involuntary; obliged; 

under obligation. 
obliga8i6n, n.; — bond; obligation, 
obra de carid&d (Jr. Sp.), n.;— work of 

love, 
obtuse, adj., adv.; also tftipunta; foda; 

fiafL6: — obtu?e; dull. 
ooaai6n (Sp.)j n.; also opottunid&d; 

e&ilugat: — occasion; opportunity. 
o^enta^ ac(/.:— eighty. 
echo, adj. :-^ight. 
6codo, n.; also laflaf; trampas: — ^trap; 

sling; ruse. 
ocodon chlUsa, n.;— rat trap, 
ocaidente (Sp.), n.;— the Occident; the 

West; the countries west of Asia and the 

Turkish dominions, 
octubre, n.; — October. 
ooupa, r. tr.; also salguane; sagaye; 

nA-g&ichddid; n&-cn&tBaga; tand: — 

to take possesbion. 
ocupante (Sp.), n.; also sumagi- 

^ye: — occupant; one who has posses- 
sion. 
ocupasidn (Sp.), n.; a^otdnand: voca- 
tion; calling; occupation. 
od&, n.; also edft; tan6:— ground; land; 

estate. 
od&, adj.; also iyon y ed&: — earthly; 

worldly. 
od& fachd, n.; also taqud: — dirt; mud; 

dung. 
od& yan matiteg, adj.; also miserable 

(Sp.): — shabby; thr^bare; mean in 

appearance; miserable. 
6dio. n.; also chinatlit: — spite; ill will 

or hatred toward another. 
6faisen, v. %.; also quettuSg^d: — to seek 

information, 
ofende \Sp.), v. tr.; also n&-ald; is&gtte; 

afia; ndrch&tsaga: — to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage: to affront, 
ofisi&t, adj., adv.; also publico; em- 

pleao publico (Jr. -Sp.):— oflficial. 
onsio, n.; oZ^opecft; empleo: — office. 
ofrese, v. tr.; also combida; soy6; 

jujo: — ^to bid; to make an offer of. 



-morning; 



goi 



6g&an, n.; also man an a;- 

light; dawn. 
ogan, adj., adv.; also dochon 

tand:— aground; stranded (ship^ 
ogan, r. i.; also gane: — to strand: to 

run aground ; to go ashore; to get stalled. 
ogsd, n.; aZ^o sabana; monte (Sp.):— 

mountain, 
ojalatero, n.; — ^plumber, 
olales, n.; — buttonhole. 
oJas,n.; a/«o jagon: — leaf. 
6magy V. tr., v. %.; also masupog:— to 

batne. 
6mag riegadera, n.;— shower bath . 
omlat, V. tr.: — to contain; to hold 

within. 
6£^ui£|^6) V. tr.: — to scent; to get a 

scent. 
onse, adv.: — eleven. 
6pagat, adj.: — crosswise; athwart. 
opan, n.; — echo; repetition of sound 

caused by reflection, 
ope, r. tr.; also responde (Sp,): — to re- 
spond; to answer; to reply. 
opera8i6n (5p.):— operation. 
6pio, n.: — opium, 
opone, V. tr., v. %.; also aguaguate; ti 

malagde: — to disagree; to contradict; 

to dispute. 
op6pone, adj., adv.; also ohftchabl; 

rech&cnasa: — ^resisting; refractory; op- 
posing. 
opo8i8i6n (Sp.), n.; also timinalagA:— 

objection; opposition; adverse reason. 
opottunid4d (Sp.), n.: — opportunity 

convenient time or occasion, 
opottuno (Sp.), adj.; also oontiempo:— 

opportune; well-timed; seasonable, 
oprime, r. tr.; also catgaye; chiguet; 

each&; ]ofl6: — to oppress; to repress; to 

keep down; to stifle; to subdue, 
ora (>>p.), n.;— hour. 
orasi6n ('Sp.); also chinchuld; cuentos; 

discutso: — oration; a formal public 

speech; discourse. 
oriente, n.: — Orient. 
oriya. n.; also canto; chin; Ifmite: — 

bonier; end; limit; utmost extent; a 

border or boundary, 
oriyan, adv.; also non; gui floxi; can- 
ton: — ^beside; in the proximity of; 

near to. 



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oriyan tasi 



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paladan 



orivan tasi, n.; also fnae or Inai: — 

fihore; the coaet or land adjacent to the 

Bea; beach; seashore. 
orlyaye, v. tr.; also engataa; lelictle: — 

to border; to encompass; to inclose; to 

bound (a field); to surround; to inclose 

on all Sides. 
oro (Sp.),n.: — gold. 
osgon, adj.; also obediente (Sp.); con- 

lotme nl y otden y otro: — amenable; 

easy to lead; submissive; obedient; 

dutiful. 
08^e, V. i.; also Jo£g^e; p61o: — to 

listen to; to obey; to yield; to submit, 
osila, V. tr., v. %.: — ^to oscillate; to swing 

backward and forward; to vibrate. 
osiosid&d, n.; also guinagft; tin&ibida; 

tin&ich6chd : — ^idleness. 
osioBo, n.; also dinescansa: — leisure; 

ease; freedom from occupation. 
osioso, adj.: — at leisure. 
080, n.; — ^bear. 

^teon, adj., adv.: — weary; tired; surfeited. 
ospit6t, n.; — ^hospital. 
^Stadnon, v. i.: — to ramble; to wander or 

rove about. 



otden, n.: — order: command. 

otdena, v. tr.; also decreta (Sp.): — to 

ordain; to decree; to direct. 
otdin&riO) adj.; also coBtuxnbre (Sp.): — 

ordinary; usual; customary. 
otdin&rio, adj.; also costumbre (/r« 

Sp.): — ordinary; usual; customary, 
otdin&rio na t6otao, n.; — common 

people; plebeians, 
otdinario na-t6otao, n.: — common peo- 
ple; plebeians, 
otdon, n.; — piickly heat, 
otdot, n.: — ant. 
otguyoso, adj.f adv.: — proud, 
otquesta, n.;— orchestra; a body of 

musicians, 
otra xncmera, conj.; also 8iii6; de otro 

modo (fr. Sp.): — otherwise; else, 
otro (Sp.)f adj.; also projimo; oriya; 

fion: — next; another; diferente; con- 

tr&rio: — other; different; contrary, 
y otro banda, adv.; also saniiyo^g: — 

beyond; on the briber side of. 
ottografia, n.; — orthography; art of 

spelling and writing worais correctly. 



P. 



pabo, n.; — turkey. 

pftcacai tnter;.:— hush! be still! silence! 

p6caca, V. %.; also famatquilo: — ^to be 

silent. 
pacha, V. tr.; also ete; yuma:— to touch; 

to perceive by feeling. 
paona, n.: — touch, 
paohacate, adj.; also dtogo: — small in 

growth, 
pachfttfg, adj., adv.; also delioao (Sp.) : — 

tender, 
pachoty n.: — mouth, 
pachuohatfg, adj., adv.; also dudus; 

bonita; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 

of girls); beautiful; handsome. 
pada, V. tr.; also patmada: — to slap or 

box someone's ears. 
padagdag,n.; aZ«o mandaguej dague; 

dixiague: — lie; deceit; denial, 
padit (or padet), n.; also luga:— wall, 
padriguiyos. v. tr.; also cadena: — to 

fetter; to cnain. 
pagad6t, n.: — paymaster. 
pagano, n.; — heathen; pagan. 
pagat. V, %.: also aconseja: — to counsel; 

to aavise; to assist; to give advice; to 

preach, 
pag^gas, V. tr.: — to cut; to split. 
pagiSgas, V. tr.; also dibide (Sp.); 

patte; desapatta: — to divide; to sepa- 
rate; to cut into parts, 
pftgo, adv.: — ^now; at the present time; 

quite recently; to-day. 
pftgo finafiago, n.; also pinatgon: — 

infancy; early childhood, 
p&go finaflago, n.; also nene; pinat- 
gon: — ^infant; a young child. 
p&^gogoj&; adj., adv.; also flo: — actual. 



page manana, n.; — daybreak; morning 
twilight; dawn; the nrst appearance of 
light in the morning. 

page yan ayo, adv.; also oada un rato 
palo tiempo (Sp.): — now and then; 
once in awhile; sometimes. 

pagpag, n.; also mamabejiga:— blis- 
ter. 

pagpae, v. %.; also tagtag or catoat: — ^to 
smacK with the tongue. 

pagyo, n.; also chataan; pagyo; chat- 
jaane: — storm. 

pagyo, n.: — typhoon. 

pa^e, n.: — comb. 

painen basula, n.;— rake. 

pairasto, n.: — stepfather. 

pais, n.; also oomatca; besino: — 
n^hborhood; region; tract of country. 

paja, n.; also cafLa: — stalk; straw. 

pajaron u oriyan taoi:— gull; sea-gidl. 

pajon, n.; also pajoiS^i — ^local name for 
the knob-fruited screw-pine; the leaves, 
after having been made flexible by 
heat, are woven into coarse mats; the 
latter are inferior to those made of 
aggag; they are also used for binding 
t<^ther the uprights of the fish traps 
(gigau; nasa). 

pala, n.; — shovel; spade. 

palabra nl honrao, n.: — parole; word of 
honor (especially, given oy prisoners of 
war). 

palacna, n.; also tramposo; ohegld; 
fafababa: — swindler; rogue. 

paiadad, n.: — palate; the roof of the 
mouth; gums. 

paladan, n.; also an-mastlan; pilfau: — 
scar; wound mark; wheal. 



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paiejo 



p&lae, n.; aUo engiiente; amot para 

chetnot:— ointment; an unctuous sub- 
stance applied to a wound or injured 

part. 
palagl^ V. %.; also sulon: — to slip, 
paland, adj., adv.; (xl«o ja-sulon; late; 

famattLan: — smooth; sfippery. 
palangana, n.; — pan; frying pan. 
palangana, n.; calaje:— basin; circular 

vessel for holding water; washbasin; 

aUo labad6t: — lavatory; retiring room. 
palatigpa£g. n.; also eaten nuxnedog: — 

roar; cry of a laige animal; loud noise, 
palapa, V. t.; — ^to nutter; to move or flap 

the wings rapidly, 
palaapai, n.; — splash, 
palaapas, v. tr.: — to dabble; to bungle; to 

do something in a superficial manner, 
palasyo, n.: — palace; residence of a 

sovereign (in Guam, the residence of 

the Governor, now renamed Govern- 
ment House), 
pal&uan, n.; also Jembra: — female; 

woman. 
paid, n.;— father; priest, 
ralestina, n.; also tierra santa (Sp.): — 

the Holy Land; Palestine, 
paleta, n.; — mason's trowel; painter's 

palette. 
pale, adj.: — some; more or leas, 
palo, adv.: — partly; in part, 
palo, n.; also estaca: — pole; stake; post; 

pale. 
palon batco, n.; — mast of a ship, 
paluxna, n.: — pigeon; dove, 
pan, n,;— bread; loaf; a large cake of 

bread. 
panadero (Sp.), n.: — bak^. 
panag, v. tr.; also totEj^tofig; wH^: — to 

strike; to thrust, 
panag, v. tr.; also pa&ite; patmada; 

pun6: — to smite; to strike; to kill, 
panag-lald, n.; also abanico; pund- 

lald: — fly swatter. 
panag tenia, n.: — ^tennis racket, 
pa&alea, n.; also mantiya; s&banas 

dfquiqui: — mantilla. 
p&Sglao, n.; — crab. 
p&£gon, V. tr.; also y&jo:~to arouse; to 

awake; to wake up. 
pafiite, V. tr.: — to strike; to hit with a 

blow, 
pa&o, n.: — ^handkerchief; kerchief, 
pafiot ales, v. tr.: — to swallow; to ^p 

down without masticating or chewing. 
pantalan, n.; also mueye: — ^pier; wharf; 

mole or jetty; a landing place projecting 

into the sea; dock; quay; landing 

bridge, 
pantaya, n.; also jomen candet or 

Jomen candit: — lanrp shade. 
pafiuel6n, n.; also atmadot: — shawl; 

wrap; shoulder wrap, 
papa (y aanto papa), n.;— Pope; the 

Holy Father. 
papa, arf;.;--papal ; pertaining to the Pope 

or to the Chiu-ch of Rome («., papal 

blessing: — gr&sian papa). 



pi^a, n.; — wing. 

pap&, adv.; also san pap&; gai pap4:— 
below; under; beneath. 

p&paoha, adj., orfr.;— pathetic; touching. 

papagyo, aaj.: — stormy. 

papalote, n.; also drag6n: — kite; dragon. 

p&paques, n.; — nails (on fingers or toes). 

p&paques gf^, n.;— -hoof (of animals). 

p&pata£S:, n.; also besera; eaendo; 
jpatalSg: — shield . 

pftpatte, (uf;.; — parting; separating. 

p&pau, n.: — a plant growing along the 
border of streams; not now considered 
edible; in the early times, however, 
was eaten by the natives during the 
periods of famine which followed hurri- 
canes. 

papaya^ n.: — ^local name for the papaw; 
palmlike tree, all parts of which contain 
a milky juice ha\-ing pepsinlike di- 
gestive properties; has a melon-shaped 
fruit, varying in size and diape, which 
may be eaten with salt or sugar; its 
flavor resembles that of the muskmelon. 

papeleta, n.; also s^dula: — ^ticket; cer- 
tificate; note. 

p&pet, n.: — paper. 

p&pet asero, n.: — sandpaper. 

paque, n.; — rifle; gun. 

paque, v. tr., v. %.; . also tira (Sp.): — to 
shoot. 

paquen petdeg6n, n.; also eoco- 
peta: — snotgun. 

paque te, n.; also balutan: — ^parcel; a 
small bundle. 

pBXAyprep.: — for; in place of; on account 
of. 

para, v. i.: — to stop; to stand still. 

para, conj.: — in oraer that. 

parada, n.; — ^parade; military display. 

paraiflo, n.: — local name for the china- 
berry; a small tree; the inner bark is 
used as a remedy for intestinal worms; 
its berries are poisonous. 

parafo, n.: — clause; separate part of a 
written composition. 

paralltieo, n.: — palsy; paralysis. 

para ma n& lago (pedason sensen 
[catne] para ma n& lagd); — for broil- 
ing; slice of beef for broiling. 

para manremotque: — tug; steam tow- 
ing vessel. 

para nion&; y in&inamail& na tdenx- 
po: — henceforth; for the future; in 
the future. 

paranfi6ijon, n.: also posa: — ^pose; 
attitude; position. 

para pap&, adj., arfu.;— downward; to- 
ward the ground. 

para todo, adj.; also jener&t (Jr. 8 p.): — 
universal; all-pervading; general. 

para u sifla, v. tr.: — to enable; to make 
able. 

pare jo, adj.; also pinarejo: — alike; re- 
sembling; united; identical; the same; 
differing in no essential point. 

pare jo, v. tr.; also umaya: — to be alike; 
I to happen simultaneously. 



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parejo 



211 



pedason tanft 



parejo, adj.: paxejo J6nion-fiiJa, adj.:— 

congenial ; kindred . 
parejo, adv.: — evenly; uniformly. 
parfotesis, n. .--—parenthesis. 
par^rejo, adj., adv.; also mag&gajet:— 

exacting; oppressive, 
pares, n.; — pair, 
parientes, n.; — ^relatives; kin; parent; 

father or mother, 
parientes, adj.: — related; kin. 
paroco, n.: — curate of a parish. 
par6quia, n.; — parish. 
pas, n.: — peace. 

pasadero, adj.: — transient; passing. 
pasad6t, n.; — strop for sharpening the 

razor. 
pasaje, n.;— transit; a passage through or 

over, 
pasajero, n.; also biajero: — passenger; 

traveler. 
pasca, adj., adv.; also quebrantayon; 

lamafag: — fragile; brittle; easily 

broken, 
p&sgiia, n.;~£a6ter (festival of the 

Christian church pertaining to the 

resurrection of Jesus Christ. 
pasifico, adj., adv.: — peaceful. 
pasidn, n.: — passion; strong, deep feeling 

or excitement. 
pa8i6n, n.: — ^passion; the suffering of 

Christ in his last agonies. 
pc»o, n.: — pace; step; manner of walking, 
pastet, n.;— pie. 

pasto, n.; also pastaje: — pasture. 
pas to, V. i.: — to graze. 
pasto, n.; also f amastuyan; fin&joya: — 

meadow; pa£l;ure land; land jdelding 

hay. 
past6t, n.; — herder; shepherd. 
pat, conj.; also o; logue: — or; otherwise; 

else, 
pat, adj.; also guaichongja: — either; one 

or the other, 
patang, n.; also besera; escudo (^;>.); 

papatangr: — shield . 
patas, n.: — foot; also adiiSg:: — limb; leg. 
patas, n.: — sole; wooden sawhorse; paw. 
patas gftg&^ n.;— paw; the foot of an 

animal with claws, 
pate^, v. %.; also toy6: — to wince; to 

shnnk. 
patgon, n.: — lad; a boy or youth. 
patgon-cabayo, n.; patgon-cabayo 

na-la je : — colt ; young male horse . 
patgon-chiba, n.; also cabrito: — kid; 

young goat, 
patgon na pal&uan, n.: — lass; a young 

woman; girl, 
patgon na trofgco, n.: — sapling; a 

young tree, 
patig, V. tr.; also pateg: — to kick with 

the feet; to injure; to hurt, 
patio, n.; also ^tio: — yard; courtyard; 

vestibule, 
patlino, n.: — godfather. 
patma, n.: — palm; the inner part of the 

hand. 



patma, n.; tro£^on patma: — palm; 
palm tree. 

patmada, v. tr.: — to slap; to strike with 
the open hand. 

pat61, n.; also aflago; tuyan: — abdo- 
men; groin. 

pat pat, conj.: — either or . 

patque, n.: — park. 

patnatca, n.; — patriarch. 

patri6tioo {Sp.), n.: — patriotism; love 
of one's countiy. 

patr6n, n.; — patron; protector. 

patron gal&idd, n.; also piloto; timo- 
nero: — steersman; boatswain. 

patniya, n.:— patrol; policeman going 
around to maintain order, etc. 

patte, n.; also f6eae: — share; a portion 
or part; a part allotted to one; fraction; 
a pEut broken off; act of breaking. 

patte, adj., adv.: — ^partial; inclined to 
favor one side; biased. 

patte gui tdtaotao, n.; also ramas: — 
limb; part of the body; branch of a 
tree. 

patticul&t, adj., adv.: — excellent; par- 
ticular. 

pattida, n.; also rasi6n:-— ration. 

pattida, n.: — departure. 

pattidon, n . ; also linajyan: — party . 

patto, n.; also mafafiago; mafiago: — 
childbirth; pattera: — midwife; pat- 
to: — delivery of a woman. 

p&u, n.; also written p&o: also rastro; 
tinamtam: — scent: oaor; sense of 
smell; chase followea by means of the 
scent; savor; flavor; taste; relish; per- 
fume; fragrance. 

p&upau, adj.; also m&uleg p&ufLa: — 
odorous; fraexant. 

p&usa, n.; — Ji»se; intermission. 

pausado ( / .), adj., adv.: — ^leisurely; 
done at leisure. 

pa^r&yft, n..- — ^local name for the frigate 

payo, n.; also sombriya: — ^parasol; a 

lady's sunshade; umbrella, 
payon, adj.; also esperimentao {Sp,): — 

versed; skilled; experienced, 
payon, v. tr.: — to become accustomed to. 
pecft, n.; — dignity; office, 
pecado beniat, n.; — venial (pardonable) 

sin. 
pecado mott&t, n.: — mortal sin. 
pecad6t, n.; also ch6ch6tan; y umfi- 

sao: — sinner, 
p^chau, V. i.: — to run away; to jump. 
peoho, n.; also jaof; pecho jaof; san- 

jalum pecho: — breast. 
pedasito, n.; also pedaso; retasos: — 

slice: a thin piec€ of anything; scrap; a 

small or ^tached piece; fragment; 

shred; particle; atom. 
pedaso, n.; — ^block of wood, stone, etc. 
pedason magago nl d^alae, n.; also 

jilon: — tape; narrow band of linen or 

cotton cloth. 
pedason tanO, n.; also reji6n: — region; 

tract of country. 



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pimienta 



pega, V. tr.; aUo planta: — to set; to place 
or put in any position; to fix; to plant. 

pega, V. t.; alio n&-oheton: — to stick; to 
adhere. 

pegnd, adj.; aUo tUlaje; tftias^:— «in- 
guinary; murderous; cruel; attended 
with much bloodshed; deadly; causing 
death. 

peligro, n.; aho riesgo: — ^peril; danger; 
jeopardy; risk. 

peligTOfK), adj.y adv.: — dangerous; peril- 
ous; risky. 

paludo, adj.; aUo meplo:— 4iairy; woolly. 

pena de muette (Jr. Sp.), n.: — death 
penalty. 

penite, adj., adv.; aho triste (Sp.); t6i- 
minAgoi: — sad; full of grief. 

penit^nsia {Sp.), n.: — ^penance; atone- 
ment. 

penitiyije, adj,, adv.; al$o ma^&oxn 
Jinalum; agradesldo: — sympathizing; 
thankful ; grateful . 

peniSM, n.; also coatumbre (Sp.); 
bfslo: — custom; established usage; 
habit. 

pensidn (Sp.), n.; — pension. 

penta, v. tr.; also pentaje: — to paint; 
to color; to draw; to sketch; to draft. 

pe6n (Sp.), n.; aUo Jotnalero: — day 
laborer; helper; piece in the game of 
checkers. 

pepino, n.; — cucumber. 

pepitaa, n.; aUo fens6; siembra; 
semiya:— seed; stone; kernel of fruits, 
etc. 

peras, n.: — pear. 

periodo (Sp.), n.; also t^tmino: — term; 
span of time; period. 

p6rito, n.; — expert. 

pes, n.:— pitch. 

pesa, V. tr., v. %.: — to weigh. 

pesa, n.; also xninacat: — ^wei^t. 

pesad6t, n.; — ^weigfamaster; also scale; 
balance. 

pesadumbre, n.; also binibo; mina- 
jala£g: — apprehension; anger; vex- 
ation. 

pe8cad6t (Sp.), n.; also talayero: — 
fisherman. 

pesoA, V. tr.: — to pound; to crush; to 
ram. 

peson, n.; — ^ram. 

pespes, V. t.; — ^to rustle; to murmur; to 
whisper. 

peste, n.; also epiddmia (Sp.): — ^pesti- 
lence; plague; epidemic. 

petbetso. adj., aav.; also escandaloso 
(Sp.); ch&tpayon: — infamous; wicked; 
profligate; perverse. 

petde, V. tr.; also 'ftlLau; jnlat: — ^to 
overcome; to subdue; to reduce to sub- 
jection; to conquer. 

petd6n, n.; also mina&sd; inaaU: — 
forgiveness; pardon. 

pe^eoto, adj.; also sen guiya: — ideal; 
visionary; perfect. 



petjudioa, r. tr.; also inacacha; nft- 
daf&o: — to impair; to prejudice; to do 
damage to. 

pet1ilIsio,n.; — ^harm; disadvantage; loss. 

petjtUaiOy v. i.: — ^to lose; to be harmed. 

petlaa, n.: — pearl. 

petmanente, adj.; also durable (Sp.):— 
lasting; durable; permanent; contin- 
uous. 

petmite, v. tr.; also consiente (Sp.) — 
to permit] to consent; to allow; to 
give permission for. 

petr61io, n.; — petroleum; kerosene. 

petsan, v. %.: — to rebound; to recoil. 

petsigue, v. tr.: — ^to persecute; to pursue. 

petsigue, n.: — pursuit; persecution; 
chase. 

petsona, n.; — person. 

pettenese, v. tr.; also toca: — to pertain 
to; to concern. 

piano, n.; — piano. 

plao, n.; also written piau:— reed; bam- 
boo; cane. 

pfao laje, n.; also plao tftuoA: — the 
thorny bamboo, armed with sharp re- 
curved spines; forms impenetrable 
thickets m moist places, and often 
attains the height of^ fifty feet; is used 
by the natives in building houses, 
ranches, and inclosures. 

pfao pal&uan, n.: — vernacular for the 
smooth bamboo, without spines; this is 
inferior to the thorny bamboo in hard- 
ness and durability. 

pica, V. tr.: — to cut into small pieces. 

pica, adj.: — pimgent; sharp. 

pfoaro, n.; also pfcaru; bruto; £&f&- 
baba: — villain; scoundrel; knave; 
rogue; cheat; thief; man without honor 
or virtue; worthless fellow. 

pfoaro, a</;.;aZtobaba; tiilaye; listo: — 
naughty; bad; j^erverse; mischievous; 
sly; craity; cunning. 

picatdia, n.: — villainy ; roguery ; knavery. 

picnic, n.: — ^picnic. 

pico, n.: — spout; projecting mouth of a 
vessel; beak. 

piesa, n.: — a piece of cloth. 

pietna, n.; also tdlatifr: — bone; hind 
quarter; loins (of animals). 

pig&, n.; — vernacular name for the g^nt 
taro or acrid taro; this ereat arum is so 
acrid that its juice will blister the skin; 
it is a huge plant growing in marshy 
placeSf the flowers of which have a dis- 
agreeable odor; two allied varieties are 
called in Guam papao and baba; the 
natives eat pi^ only in times of 
scarcity of food, and the fleshy trunks 
must be thoroughly roasted to destroy 
their acridity. 

piloto, n.; — pilot. 

piloton &ire, n.: — aviator; aeronaut. 

pilotuye, v. tr.: — to pilot; to guide. 

pimienta, n.; also dond: — ^pepper; Span- 
ish pepper. 



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pifia 



213 pocat taigUije y pocat cabayo 



piiia, n.: — vernacular name for the pine- 
apple; an excellent quality of pine- 
apple ifl produced in Guam, and when 
once established, the plants continue to 
reproduce for years, though frequent 
replanting and change of soil is neces- 
sary; the leaf yields a fine silky fiber 
(the same as that used in the Philip- 
pines for weaving into beautiful gauzy 
tabrice—the pifia cloth) which in Guam 
is twisted by hand, and made into the 
finer grade of cast nets for fishing; it is 
also used in lieu of thread for sewing or 
for wrapping cigars. 

pinadese, n.; also agonias (Sp.): — 
grievance; a sense of wrong or oppres- 
sion; agony; pangs of death. 

pinagat, n.; aUo oonsejo {Sp.): — 
counsel; advice. 

pinalaead, (wf;.;— voluble; fluent in 
speech. 

p i nalala, v. i.;— to hurry. 

pinalala , n.:— hurry; haste; celerity; 
speed. 

piiialala, adj.^ adv.; also j&pinalala:— 
rafh; hasty; incautious. 

p i nal&lftl a , adj,^ adv.; also esorupuloso 
{Sp.)\ ItUuJan; chaohatjinaso:— 
anxious; scrupulous. 

pinaflot, n.;~8Wallow; gulp; draft; dram. 

pinareJOy adj.; also parejo: — ^identical; 
the .same; differing in no essential point. 

pinarejo, n.; also achftig^ua: — sem- 
blance; likeness. 

pinarelon y dos raya punta a punta:— 
parallel. 

pin&upau, n.; also espdsia; 
ininaiiflgud: — spice; relish. 

pixiayon, n.; also Im&mon: — experience; 
dexterity; skill. 

pineble, n./ also Jailas: — poverty; want; 
penury. 

pinecat, n.; also linft'^yau: — ^walk. 

pin^gsai, n.;— propagation. 

pindlo, n.; also flxiam&uleg; giiinaja: — 
stock; store. 

pinellgley n.; — ^restriction. 

pinenta, n.;— draft; sketch; outline; 
drawing. 

pinenta, n.; al^p^penta: — paintii^. 

pinetsiguey n.; — persecution; piu^uit. 

pfnigan, n.; also oatbon jayo: — char- 
coal; glow of burning coals. 

pinine, n.; also rineusa: — refusal; rejec- 
tion. 

pinind m&isa, n.: — suicide; person who 
commits suicide. 

pinite, n.; also xnalala^; minaja- 
la^: — grief; mental pain; anguish; 
sorrow. 

pixute, V. tr.; also ma&sd: — to pity; to 
deplore; to have compassion. 

piniti^e, v. %.; also ta^se: — ^to bemoan; 
to grieve; to lament. 

pino, n.: — pine tree; fir tree. 

pinto, n.; also capricho: — caprice; unre- 
stricted choice; will; free will. 



pintura, n.: — paint; enamel; lacquer. 

pipa, n.;— laive barrel. 

y pipenta, n.: — painter. 

pipupu, n.;— local name for a fish belong- 
ing to the sea poachers; marked with 
vertical, snakelike bands of brown. 

pirata, n.: — pirate. 

pisara, n.: — slate (for writing on). 

piso, n.; also satgue: — floor. 

pis tola, n.; — pistol. 

pitdora, n.: — pill; medicine. 

piaito^n.; also comhAte; jatsamiento; 
atboroto; in&guaguat: — fight; com- 
bat; tumult; insurrection; rebellion; 
lawsuit; process of law; court proceed- 
ing;' fuss; unnecessary or jrritating ac- 
tivity, especially in small matters; 
strife; discord; conflict. 

pl&ito, r. tr., V. i.: — to litigate; to contest 
in a court of law. 

pl&iton faxnilia, n.; — feud; quarrel be- 
tween families. 

pl&lanta, n.; — founder; builder. 

planas, n.;— plains. 

plancha, n.; also I&mina; estampa; 
litrato :— pic ture . 

planchan-sm, n.; — corrugated iron. 

plane ta, n.:— planet; a heavenly body 
revolving round the sun. 

piano, n.: — plan. 

planta y lamasa:— to set the table for a 
meal. 

planta, v. tr.; also inatituye: — to insti- 
tute; to install; to establish; to found; 
to lay the basis of; to fix firmly. 

planta, i. tr., r. i.;— to till the fields. 

plantaama, n.; also dujendes; f&fa- 
fiagtte: — ghost; spook. 

plantet, n.: — nursery; a garden for rear- 
ing young plants. 

pla8a,*n.; — plaza; marketplace. 

plaso, n.; — respite; term; fixed term. 

plata, n.; also salapd: — silver. 

platea (Sp.), v. tr.; also salapfe: — to 
silver plate; to silver. 

platero, n.: — silversmith. 

plate, n.; a^o nayan:— dish; platter. 

plate, n.; also eplato; bandeja: — 
salver; platter. 

platen zon6gralo, n.: — phonographic 
record. 

pliego, n.; — sheet of paper; sabanas; 
sobre cama: — bed sheet. 

plemiao, adj.: — leaden; made of lead. 

plomo, n..— lead. 

pliima, n.: — pen; feather. 

plumaje, n..— feather; plume; plumage. 

poblasidn (Sp.), n.: — populace; popula- 
tion; people. 

peble, adj.; also t&isalapd; nesesitao; 
maguem; desgrasiao: — impecunious; 
without money; poor; needy; miserable. 

pocat, V. i.; also fegud; mamocat; 
mamegud: — to step; to go on; to tread. 

pocat taigtiije y pocat cabayo; also 
trote: — trot. 



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podlilo 



214 



prinutbera 



podlilo, adj.; al$o written potlilo:— foul; 
spoiled; offensive. 

podolSI:, V. i.; also written podu]%: — to 
fall; to tumble. 

pod6£Sialiiiu, v. i.;— to collapse; to fall 
in; to break down, 

po^sia (Sp.)j n.: — poetry; song. 

pogpog, n.; also grano: — sore; ulcer; 
com; abscess. 

pogpogr, V. tr.; aho bula: — to swell: to 
cause swelling; to inflate. 

p6gaai, v. i.; also n&-yoxnog: — to make 
fat; to fatten; to feed; to bring forth; 
to bring up (children;; to propagate. 

pogsen, V. t.: — to spoil; to become malo- 
dorous. 

politico (Sjf.), aJj.;— i>olite; well-man- 
nered; poliiical; pertaining to j)olitics. 

p61o, V. i.; also sui^on: — to suffer; to 
permit. 

polonfi&ijoii, V. tr.; aho n&-para; 
bumasta:— to interrupt; to hold up; to 
delay. 

polonon^ n.: — a black filefish with 
yellowish fins; has an elevated and 
compressed body, and teeth like those 
of a sheep; four spines on each side of 
the tail and one on the back; the 
youngest individuals are without the 
spines on the tail. 

ponedera, n.; also culeca: — brood hen. 

polSgle, V. tr.; also preso; polo gui 
catset: — to imprison; to incarcerate; to 
lock in. 

pons6zi, n.; also puliat; aleana: — 
bodkin. 

pontan, n.; — a coconut which ha^ fallen 
to the ground. 

popa, n.; — poop; stem (^of a ship). 

p6podoiS^, adj.: — lallins:; mo^^n?: down- 
ward; sinking. 

populo, or pupuln, n.: — betel leaf. 

posible, adj., adr.; also f&tinason; ti 
fajateg: — possible; practicable. 

posisidn, n.: — position; i^itualion. 

positibo {Sp.), adj., adc.: — positive; 
actual; direct. 

poso, n.; also aeiento; tupO: — well. 

postiso, n.; also satgue: — support; 
platform. 

postre, n.; also golosina: — Je«pert; 
fruits, etc. 

pot, prep.; also nk; 8ieinpre-s&: — be- 
cause; on account of. 

potaje, n.; — mush; broth; potta.ee. 

p6tbola, n.: — powder. 

p6tbolan paque, n.: — gunpowder. 

potboB, n.; also asgon; tesna: — fog; 
soot; dust; haze. 

potboscatbon, n.; — coal dust. 

pot 6nau, adv.y conj.: — so then; thus; 
consequently. 

pot esp&sio do, conj.; aho esp^sio: — 
while; during the time that. 

potfia, V. tr.; aho n^-didtsaga; xno- 
l^stia: — to importune; to molest. 

potflao, adj. J adv.; also tiso; fitme: — 
iuQexible; rigid; stiff; unbending. 



pot fixi, adv.: — finally; at last. 

pot y fuetsa, adj.; also a fuetaas; 

fuotaao: — ^forcible; violent, 
potga, n.: — purgative; cathartic medi- 
cine. 
potgaa, n.; — flea. 
t poto, n.; — rice cake. 
I potpoty adj.: — thick; broad; wide. 
I po^ot labioalLa, adj.: — thick lipped. 
I potaaeria, n.: — trifle; anything of little 
! value or importance, 
pot sea aocMo; also Tanguin: — in case; 

should it happen that, 
potso, adj.: — snrewd. 
potso, n.; — marksman, 
potta, n.: — door, 
pottamoneda (Sp.)y n.; also botaa: — 

purse; small bag or receptacle for 

carrying money, 
poyo, n.: — young cock; cockerel, 
poyon dujendes, n.; aho ini^ulaijon: 

sponge; mushroom, 
practico, adj.; aho eaperimentao 

(Sp.): — skilled; experienced; versed, 
practico, n.; — usage; long continued 

custom. 
prenda, n.; also matca; senat: — sign; 

mark; token; symbol; signboard. 
prensa, n.: — ^iron; sadiron; lulog: — ^iron. 
prensa para fugd lafta o aa&ite:-;- 

press for pressing out oil or wine; oil 

press; wine press, 
prensipiante, n.; — novice; beginner, 
prepara, v. tr.; aho aparejo: — to pre- 
pare, 
preparaye, v. tr.: — to equip; to fit out; to 

prepare, 
presa, n.: — river dam. 
preaa, v. tr.; aho estaiSgca; nft-para:— 

to stem; to resist; to check; to dam; to 

hold up the flow of waters. 
pres6nsia (Sp.), n.; aho guinaigae: — 

attendance; presence. 
pr6sio {Sp.)y n.: — price, 
pr^sio, V. tr.; aho estinia; n&-g&ipre- 

Bio: — to prize; to value highly; to 

esteem. 
pr^sion aminudo, n.; — retail price, 
presisidn, n.; aho delicadeaa; fasti- 

dioBo: — nicety; precision; fastidious 

delicacy. 
presiso ISp.), adj.^ adv.: — certain; pre- 
cise; necessary. 
preso, adj.; aho macon^: — captured, 
preso, (. tr.: — to take prisoner; to 

capture. 
preso, n.: — captive; prisoner, 
presomido (^p.), adj.; aho bastes; 

malamafLanxordso: — surly; rough; un- 
civil; churlish; ill-natured, 
presta, v. tr.; aho ftyas: — to lend; to 

tyrant to another for temporary use. 
prestada, n.; aho in6yao; prineata:— 

loan; sum of money lent for a period, 
pribil^guio (Sp.) or pribil6jio, n.: — 

privilege. 
pnmabera (Sp.)f n.: — spring; a season of 

the year. 



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— -A 






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primerisa 



215 



pul&on 



primeriscL, n.; also zuafafia^h find^- 
nana: — ^firet birth; primogeniture. 

prim^t biaje, v. <r.;— to use for the firat 
time. 

prime, n.; — cousin. 

prinemete, n.: — promise; vow. 

prinepara, n.; also preparatibo; prepa- 
ra0i6n (Sp.): — preparation; prepared- 
ness. 

pzinsip&t, n.; also CB,pit§kt: — capital; the 
sum invested in a business. 

prinsip&t, adj.: — ^important; principal. 

prinslpatinentey adv . ; — principally; 
mainly. 

prinsipiOy n.;— -start; b^;innin^. 

prisidn, n.; also catset: — prison. 

prisionero, n.; also t&otao calaboso: — 
prisoner. 

probecho, n.: — advantage; gain; reve- 
nue; yield. 

probecnoso, adj., adv.; also g&ipro- 
becho: — useful; profitable; service- 
able. 

probechoso, adj.j adv.: — lucrative; 
profitable. 

probfnaia, v. tr.: — to provision; to sup- 
ply with food. 

probinaia (5p . ) , n . ; — province . 

probisidn-neiS^^anOy n.; also preben- 
aidn-neiS^anO: — ^provisions; food. 

problema, n.: — problem. 

probocatibo (op.), adj.: — provoking; 
challei^ng. 

procura (Sp.), v. tr.:— to procure; to 
provide. 

pT6digo (Sp.)j n.; also fanda£g^guero; 
g&stadot:— spendthrift; lover; gal- 
lant. 

productoBO (Sp.), adj.: also mepft: — 
fruitful; vielding fruit; prolific. 

prof ana (op.), v. tr.: — to profane; to 
desecrate. 

prof eta, n.: — prophet. 

pro jibe, v. tr.; also chomft; pruibe: — 
to prohibit; to forbid. 

promesa, n.; also aras; sineguro; 
prenda: — security; earnest money; 
pledge; pawn. 

promete, v. tr.: — to promine; to give 
hopes of. 

prontinflia (Sp.), v. tr.: — to pronounce; 
to articulate. 

propied&t tanO, n.;— real estate; land 
and all pertaining thereto. 

propiet&rio (Sp.), n.; also arend6t: — 
landlord; one who has tenants holding 
under him ; the keeper of a hotel or inn. 

pr6pio, adj.; also umaya; chumilon^:— 
becoming; seemly; proper; correct; 
appropriate. 

propone (Sp.), v. tr.; also salSgan: — to 
propose. 

propo8i8i6n (Sp.), n.: — proposition. 

propotaidn, n.; also inaya; chini- 
loflg^r^roportion. 

protect6t (Sp.), n.; also gufgogile: — 
protector; defender; guardian. 



proteje (Sp.), v. tr.; also faborese:— 
to protect; to patronize; to favor; to 
aid. 

protesta, r. t.; — to protest; to renun- 
ciate; to remonstrate. 

prueba (Sp.), v. tr.:— to verify; to prove 
to be true. 

prueba, n.: — evidence; proof; testi- 
mony. 

prtiibido, (w/;.;— forbidden; interdicted. 

publica, V. tr.: — to divulge; to disclose; to 
publish. 

publicao, adj.: — notorious; publicly 
known. 

publicao, n.: — notoriety; the state of 
being notorious. 

ptiblico, adj.; also comiin: — public; 
common; general. 

puen^e, n.: — night; pupue£g:ue: — 
afternoon; evening. 

puetca, n.; — sow; a female pig. 

puetto, n.; — port; haven. 

puetton seguro, n.:— haven; place of 
shelter and safety. 

pugras, n.; also f&e; JlnegsA:— rice. 

ptigoft, n.: — betel nut; a palm introduced 
into Guam in prehistoric times, but not 
indigenous to the island, and planted by 
the natives for the sake of its aromatic 
seeds, which are generally called betel 
nuts; grows in damp woods and along 
the margins of streams; the nut is held 
in high esteem by the natives, who 
chew it together with the leaf of the 
betel pepper (the cava plant of Poly- 
nesia)! the nut is divided and a piece 
of it IS wrapped in the pepper leaf, 
together with a pinch of quicklime; it 
imparts a red color to the saliva, injures 
the teeth, and sometimes almost de- 
stroys them; the nut is called either 
ptigua, or by its Tagalog name bonga; 
the leaf is called pupulu, or by the 
\'ida>'an name buj[o, and the packet 
made for chewing is called inamaon; 
at all wedding assemblies (fanda£g- 
^os) and funerals the chewing of betel 
is a matter of etiquette in Guam. 

pugue, V. tr.: — to feed; to furnish fodder 
to. 

pugui, r. tr.:— to decov; to allure into 
danger by artifice; to lure. 

puja, V. tr.: — to overturn; to throw over; 
to thrust. 

puja, n..-— loam; rich vegetable mold 
with clay and sand. 

pujot, V. tr.; also aprieta: — to oppress; to 
press; to afliict. 

pulft, V. tr.; also esplica:— to solve; to 
explain. 

pulan, n.: — moon; month. 

pulan, V. tr.: — to keep watch. 

pulan, n.: — a dark silvery fish, bluish 
above, which is found in the fresh- 
water streams of Guam. 

pul&on, «<//.; also diritiyon: — soluble; 
dissolvable. 



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pnlatat 



216 



qninalamten 



pulatat, n.:— water hen; excellent for 

food, 
pulido, adj.; also 1 ami am; xnajlos: — 

poliflhed ; furbish ed . 
pmo, n.: — ^halr. 
pulon gkgky n.;— fur. 
pulon manug or xnanog, n.: — feather?; 

chicken feathers. 
pulon tengjo, n.;— mane. 
pumalftlapa, n.:— flap; anything broad 

and flexible, hanging loo^^ely, and 

fastened on one side. 
puxnara, r. i.: — to pause. 
puiuaranfi&ijon, v. i.; also um-ab- 

mam: — to tarry; to loiter; to linger; to 

be slow; to hang back; to hesitate. 
pumarejo, adj.: — equivalent; equal to. 
puma^ftyft, adj.; also mimi&ya:— adrift ; 

floating at random. 
puminite, v. tr.; also mimiafiotsot; 

fafiotsot: — to regret; to rue; to be sorry 

for; to repent, 
pumogpog, adj.; also bentoao; umes- 

pon^j^* — inflating; swell injf. 
pune, V. tr.: — to recant; to deny. 
punen m&isa, n.; also iinilat m&iaa; 

chinemA ni4iBa: — self-control ; «eli- 

denial. 
puii6, V. tr.; also bora: — to extinguish the 

li^ht; to put an end to: to blot out; to 

wipe out; to extirpate; to slay; to kill; to 

slaughter. 
puii6 m&isay v. i.: — to commit suicide. 
pimta, n.; also pun to: — point; small 

point or speck; period {gram.). 



puntan iohai, n.; — point of the chin. 

puntan jasta, n.: — top of ina«t. 

puntan ogsd. n.; — top of a mountain. 

punt&t, n.; — ^bracket. 

puntero (5p.), n.; — stick; pointer. 

puntu&t) adj., adv.; also ti &atraaao: — 
punctual; precise. 

papuei%ue, n.: — afternoon; evening. 

pure, adj.; also natur&t: — natural: 
genuine. 

pure, adv.; alio sensiyo; tfiig4chon^: — 
merely; simply; only. 

putfty r. i.: — to burst; to rend or break 
open with violence. 

puten chaohag, n.; — colic; gripes. 

putgada; pulffada (Sp.), n.: — ^inch; one- 
twelfth of a Toot. 

putij n.; aUo ejVLf or eyog: — intense 
pain (especially ofthruBt wounds). 

puti, aaj.: — sore; tender or painful to the 
touch. 

putilSg^y n.; — name of a tree very abun- 
dant in Guam; in places on the ea^t 
shore between Pago and Taldfdfd one 
can scarcely walk without stepping on 
the fallen fruit or crushing the young 
plants; the natives use the fruit when 
dry as floats for their nets and the fre^h 
for stupefying fish. 

pution, n.; — star. 

putlilo, V. i.: — to rot; to spoil. 

ptitpito {Sp.)j n:: — pulpit. 

putseras, n.; also braseletas; brasa- 
letas: — bracelet; arm ring. 

putsOy n.; also written potso:— ^^pulse. 



Q. 



quebranta, v. tr., v. i.; also yaya; 
vama^: — to sliatter; to damage; to 
break into pieces. 

quebranta3ron, adj.; also pasca; j&ma- 
fag: — fragile; easily broken: brittle. 

quegy n.; — cake; also totta (*^>.) 

qu^igue, v. i.: — to emulate; to contend. 

queja, n.; also dinemanda: — suit; proc- 
ess at law; complaint; accusation; 
impeachment. 

qu6iulat, v. tr.: — to attack. 

qu6laeuin, n.; also finft-dend; satsa 
(5p.): — sauce; condiment. 

quale jo, n.; — college; higher school. 

quemado, v. tr.; also nft-gadfaflito: — to 
bake or fry too well; to burn in fryins;. 

quemas6n, n.; — fire; conflagration. 

quenanO quills, n.; also quills pulan: — 
eclipse of the moon. 

queplS) n.: — cap (with a visor). 

querida, n.; also written: quirida:— 
darling. 

quesnudo, adj.; also t6idajog; sin 
mag&gago: — naked; nude. 

queso, n.; — cheese. 

queyau, v. i.: — to limp. 

quiadas, n..-— jaw. 

quiades, n.; also tdlan^-quiades: — jaw- 
bones; cheekbone. 



quic6c6, n.; — harvester; harvest gatherer. 
quiebra, adj.; also insotbente: — bank* 

rupt. 
quieto, n.; also descanso; tranquilo: — 

rest; quiet; peace, 
quieto, adj., adv.; also f&fatquilo; t&i- 

quinalamten: — silent; close; quiet; 

kept secret; still; at rest; calm; without 

motion; stagnant; not flowing; torpid; 

dull. 
quieto na janiun; also ma-estaiS^a: — 

still waters, overflowing the banks. 
qufliSj n.; also oareta; calesa: — ^buggy; 

carnage. 
quiUs^ano, n.; also c ate sis mo: — 

Christian doctrine, 
quilolog; also buetta; lflio6:— to turn 

(during a dance); to revolve; to roll in a 

circle, 
quiluus, n.; — cross. 
quinabales, n.:— perfection; coraplete- 

quin&cft, n.; also cftcft: — slit (in wood\ 
quinado, n.;-r^ula^; stew. 
qulnajujul6, adj,, adv.; also ere- 

slente : — rising ; growinjg ; increasing . 
quinalamten, n.: — motion; the act^ 

process, or state of, moving. 



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y qninalamten y apaga 



217 



rechasa 



y auinalamten y apaga: — to shrug; to 
draw up the shoulaers to express doubt 

/ or contempt. 

quinamyo, n.; — rasped coconut. 

quinarifioso, n.; also cazifio: — loveli- 
ness; kindness; amiability; benevo- 
lence. 

quinase, n.; also butla: — sarcasm; bit- 
ter, sarcastic expression. 

quinatne: — eaten away; gnawed at. 

qainatot y tinanum: — blight; blast in 
the crop. 

quinensiente, n.; also quinenfotme:— 
consent; agreement. 

quinensigue, n.; also ^uixiiniple: — 
accomplishment; realization. 

quinenauela, n./ also batsamo; mina- 
golSg; dinichoso: — balm; consola- 
tion. 

quinententoy n.; also minagof; ulna- 
iatSi; BinatiBfecho: — satisfaction; 
contentment; gratification. 



quinentr&rio, n.; also in&chatlil; ohi- 

natlil; also written in&chatlid; chinat- 

lid: — enmity, 
quinettesano, n.; — morality; ethics; 

virtue. 
quinientoB, ado.: — ^five hundred, 
quinilag, n.; — diarrhea (not dysentery). 
quinillB atdau, n.; also quills &tdao: — 

eclipse of the sun. 
quinilo, n.; — buck; ram (also sheep in 

general). 
qiiinixnplido, n.; also exnpefio; esme- 

ro: — seal; eagerness; diligence, 
quinse, ad.j: — fifteen, 
quinto, adj . : — fifth . 
qulsame, n.: — ceiUn^ (of a room), 
quitan, adj.: — squinting, 
quiya, n.; — ^buttocks, 
qui^a, n.: — ^hull; the body (»r frame of a 

ship. 
quiyan batco, n.: — ^keel; the lowest 

timber of a vessel. 



R. 



r&banos, n.; — radish. 

r&bia, n.; — fury; rage; madness. 

radicau, v. %.; also sagaye: — to settle 

down; to colonize, 
rai, n.; also written rey or ray: — king. 
T&ina, n.: — queen. 
rainadOy n.:— reign. 
r&ino, n.: — kingdom; state. 
razuaa, n.; also jagon: — twig; branch; 

bough; foliage, 
ramivete, n.: — bouquet; nosegay; bunch 

of flowers. 
ramo, n.; also grade (Sp.): — rank; 

position; grade, 
rana, n.; — hog. 
rasa, n.;— race; sex; breed; variety; 

brood; offspring; hatch, 
rasa, v. tr.: — to rub; to rub smooth; to 

smooth out. 
rasguno, n.; — rent; tear; fissure, 
rasimo, n.: — bunch; cluster. 
ra86n, n.; also ainaiifcan: — statement; 

narrative; recital; reason; common 

sense; incentive; motive, 
rasonable, adj.; also g&irason: — reason- 
able; sensible, 
raspa, v. tr.; also jotyat: — to scrape off; 

to scratch off; to brush; to rub. 
rastrea, v. %.: — to follow on the track of; 

to track; to trace; to search out; to get 

a scent, 
rastro, n.; a^o pau; fegud: — scent; odor; 

sense of smell; chase followed by means 

of the scent; residue; remnant; re- 
mainder, 
rate, n.; a^o mozuento {Sp.): — moment; 

instant; twinkling, 
raya, n.; also Ifnea iSp.): — ^line; length 

without breadth, 
raya, v. tr.: — to underscore; to draw a 

line. 



reatmente, adv.; also realmente {Sp.)\ 
magajejet: — ^really; with actual exist- 
ence; in truth. 



rebaja, 



V. 



tr.; also n&-l&di(^uiqiii; 



reduse (Sp.): — to lower the pnce; to 
allow a rebate; to reduce; to diminish; 
to make smaller. 

reber^nsia {Sp.)^ v, tr.; also respeta 
(5p.); honra:— to revere; to regard with 
fear mingled with respect and affection; 
to reverence. 

reberdnsia, n.: — homage; deference; 
reverence. 

rebetde, adj.; also &guaguat; em- 
beste: — stubborn; refractory; impeni- 
tent. 

rebista, v. tr.; also rebisa; repasa; 
examina tftlo: — to review; to re- 
examine; to look back. 

rebista, v. tr.; also n&-dinanche; re- 
pasa: — to revise; to correct; to review 
and amend. 

rebista, n.; also guindfaJigau; gu6fa- 
berigiia: — research; careful inquiry. 

rebolusidn (Sp.)y n.; also muinon lina- 
jyan: — revolution; uprising. 

rebotbida, v. i.: — to reflect lightly; to 
reverberate («r., sound). 

rebotsidn, n.; also minamaichdchd: — 
revulsion; sudden change of feeling. 

rebuetbe {Sp.), v. tr.; also deroea; 
nan&lo y flinijd; cansela: — to revoKe; 
to countermand; to withdraw; to 
abolish; to dismiss. 

rebuetbe, n.: — revolver; pistol. 

rech&chaaa, adj.; also op6pone; ch&- 
chabft: — resisting; refractory; oppos- 
ing. 

rechasa, v. tr.; also resiste {Sp.); 
opone; ohabai or chabae: — to resist; 
to oppose; rentinsia: — to renounce; 
to aodicate; to swear off. 



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reclnta 



218 



rew 



reoluta, n.: — recruit; newly enlisted 
soldier. 

r^coje, V. tr.; also jooa; nA-etnon: — 
to Rather; to pluck; to collect {ex., to 
gather the crops: to collect in heaps). 

recoje, v. tr.; al$o f&monton or fft- 
monton; zUl-etzion: — to gather; to 
pluck; to pick off; to bring together; to 
accumulate. 

recojido, adj.: — retired; solitary; eco- 
nomical; frugal. 

recomendasidn {8p.), n.: — recommen- 
dation. 

recomienda, v. tr.: — to recommend; to 
commend. 

recompensa {Sp.), v. tr.; also remo- 
nera: — to remunerate; to recompense. 

reconose, v. tr.: — to investigate; to in- 
quire into: to examine closely; to 
scan; to aitt; to probe. 

reoonose (/r. Sp.), v. tr.: — to recognize; 
to acknowledge. 

rectifica (^p.), v. tr.; also nft-dinaache; 
corije: — to rectify; to set right. 

recuetda, v. tr.; also jasuye; jinaaon- 
fi&ijon; jaso: — to remind; to put in 
remembrance; to call to mind of. 

redima (Sp.)y n.:— redemption; release; 
ransom. 

rdditOy n.; — revenue; the general in- 
come of a government; taxes; customs, 
etc. (y jum&Jalum gvd gobietno pot 
apas aduana, lis^naia, etc.). 

reflere {Sp.)j v. i.: — to refer; to allude. 

reflere, v. tr.: — to refer; to submit to 
another person for decision, etc. 

reflejoy v. tr.. v. i.: — to reflect; to throw 
back rays otlight. 

refotma (.Sp), v. tr.; also enznienda: — 
to reform; to make better; to correct. 

refrdresco, adj.^ adv.; also fresco: — ^re- 
freshing; cool; fresh. 

refresco, v. tr.; also n&-l&fre8Co: — to 
refresh; to reinvigorate; to restore. 

regalo, n.; also nin&e:— largess; a gift; 
bounty. 

regla, n.; also tinagO; fin&m&ulee; 
otden; disposisidn:— order; command; 
injunction; rule. 

re^Ia, n.; — ^ruler; instrument for ruling 
lines. 

regula, v. tr.; also aregla: — to regulate; 
to bring under rule; to order; to organ- 
ize. 

regul&ty adi.y adv.: — regular; uniform; 
methodical. 

regulatmente, adj., adv.: — customary; 
usual; ordinary; regular. 

rejas, n.: — rail; wooden or iron bar; fence; 
grating; lattice; trellis; latticework. 

rejimiento, n.; — r^ment; bataydn, 
n.: — battalion. 

re1istrad6t, n.; — ^registrar; oflicial who 
keeps a record. 

rejiatro, n.; — ^record; register; public 
document. 

relfquias, n.: — relics. 



relda, n.: — watch; close obeervation. 
rel68, n.: — clock. 

remacha, v. tr.: — to rivet; to clinch. 
reini§dia (Sp.), v. tr.; also nAr-sano; 

f&m&ulM: — to remedy; to prepare; to 

put in order, 
remddia, n.; also amte: — remedy; an 

efficacious medicine, 
remite, v. tr.; also n&-DianAe: — ^to 

remit; to transmit money. 
remolinOy n.: — ^whirlwind; tornado 

whirlpool. 
ranxotque^ v. tr.: — to tow; to take into 

tow; to give a line. 
remotque, v. tr.; also b&tsala: — to tug; 

to puU with great effort. 
rempuja, v. tr.:— to drive back; to beat 

off; to repel, 
remuebe, v. i.: — to remove; to change 

location, 
ramaeba, v. tr.; also n&-j4nau; 

apatta: — to remove; to take away; to 

send away. 
reinuneraai6n, n.; also gantoma:— 

emolument; profit; remuneration, 
renaya, n.: — engraving. 
rena^a, v. tr.: — to etch; to engrave by 

biting out a design with acid, 
rengrldn, n.;-— line; item of a bill, 
renueba, v. tr.; also n&-taigtLijej&; 

nA saga tftlo: — to restore; to bring 

back to its former strength; to renew; 

to reclaim; to renovate. 
rentinaia, v. tr.; also rinde; entrega:— 

to surrender; to cede; to resign, 
renfinsia y chAtjinen^gue, r. tr.: — to 
^ abjure; to recant upon oath (n&n&lo y 
* fizujO nt y manjula). 
repara, n.; also nota; obsetbasidn:— 

remark; observation; comment, 
repara, v. tr.: — to regard; to heed; to 

esteem, 
repatte, v. tr.: — to distribute; to allot; to 

deal out or divide; to apportion, 
repenta, v. tr.; also failotsot: — to re- 
pent; to regret; to rue; to be sorry for. 
repite, v. tr.; also sesuye; taf6; tap- 

lu£g; sazSgan t&lo: — to reiterate: to 

repeat. 
rdpot, n.; also epilepsia (Sp,): — epi- 
lepsy. 
repoyo, n.; — cabbage, 
reprende, v. tr.; also xna nota: — to re- 
proach; to upbraid, 
representa (op.): — ^to represent; to set 

forth; to display; to exhibit, 
representante, n.: — ^representative, 
representasidn, n.; also nirepre- 

senta: — representation; exhibit; view, 
republica (op.), n.: — republic. 
rescata, v. tr.; also saca; n&-Iibre; 

masotta: — to liberate; to set free; to 

ransom; to release; to recover; to save; 

to redeem. 
resend^nsia, n.; — domicile; residence; 

home. 



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reseta 



219 



8&gamai 



reseta, n.: — preecription; recipe; re- 
ceipt. 

resetba, v. tr.; also nlnftfUJjfy&tte; 
dinepoaita: — to retain; to hold or keep 
in possession. 

resibe {Sp.)j v. tr.; also acsepta: — to 
■ receive; to accept. 

residfosia, n.; also sagayan: — ^resi- 
dence; domicile. 

resiste, v. tr.; also opone; timala^e: — 
to disagree; to contradict; to quarrel; to 
dispute; to strumle. 

resist^niria, n.; aUo inopone; chinabU; 
nirechaea: — ^resistance; opposition. 

re8olu8i6n (Sp.)^ n.; also desisidn 
(Sp.): — ^resolution; resolve. 

respeta, v. tr.; also estizna; jai-e: — ^to 
respect; to honor; to esteem. 

respetao, adj.: — avil| polite. 

respeto, n.; — veneration; respect; rever- 
ence. 

responde, v. tr., v. i.; also ope: — to 
respond; to answer; to reply. 

responsable (5'p . ) , adj.: — ^responsible ; 
involving responsibility. 

resutta (^;>.); also iumuyotf^ffia; 
jiniyo££:£La: — to result; to follow as a 
consequence. 

retaaos, n.; also pedasito: — shred; 
piece; fragment. 

retira, v. %.: — to retire; to withdraw; to 
retreat; to recede. 

retirao gui pumalo, adj.; also aislado; 
m&isa; sumaJiSg^ue; m&maisa: — ^iso- 
lated; solitary; secluded; offlying; re- 
mote; lonesome. 

retiro, n.; also sinajiSgue: — seclusion. 

ret6iicay n.: — rhetoric; the art of speak- 
ing with elegance and force. 

retracta, v. tr.: — to retract; to rescind; 
to recant. 

reuxna, n.; also znamuten t&taotao: — 
rheumatism. 



teuni6n (Sp.), n.; also inetnon; nilaj- 

yan: — reunion; a festive gathering of 

familiar friends or associates. 
reusa, v. tr.^v. i.:— to decline; to refuse, 
reusa, n.; also contra^li8i6n (Sp.): — 

denial; refusal; contradiction, 
reyena, v. tr.; also sajguane t&lo; n&- 

bola: — to replenish; to fill up again, 
ribana, v. tr.; also sufan: — to pare; to 

cut away, little by little; to peel {ex., 

to pare an apple), 
lib&t, n.; achalffuefla: — rival; one who 

strives to equal or excel another; com- 
petitor, 
rioo na t&otao, n.: — nabob; a very rich 

man. 
rienda, n.: — ^rein; bridle; curb, 
riesgo, v. tr.; also atrebe; aiiesga: — 

to risk; to venture; to hazard, 
rifa, n.; also loteria (Sp.): — ^raffle; 

lottery, 
lincdn, n.; — comer; edge. 
zineBibe, n.; also resibo; acsepta; 

ohuld; ohinild: — receipt; acceptance, 
rineusa, n.: — dejected ness; depression 

of spirits. 
rise y lasrag: — to reef the sails, 
riyeno, n.; also afulo: — ^wadding; soft 

stuff of loose texture used for stuffing 

garments, 
roble, n.; — oak. 
robusto, {k/j., arfi'.; ahitotte; fuette; 

masajegat; xnetgot; fuetsudo: — 

robust; strong; vigorous. 
rosa, n.: — rose. 

royo, n.: — roll; also finalulon: — roller, 
royon-tale^ n.: — coil; a rope gathered 

into a ring. 
rueda, n.: — wheel. 
nunbo, n.; also chalan; cutso (Sp.): — 

route; course; journey. 
ruzn6t, n.; y ma sajSganfi&iiaijon: — 

rumor; popular report; current story. 



s. 



s&, conj.: — lest; that not; for fear that. 

s&balo, n.: — Saturday. 

sabana, n.; also znonte (Sp.); ogsO: — 

mountain. 
s4banas, n.; — bed sheets. 
B&banas dfquiqui, n.; also mantiya; 

paflales: — mantilla. 
s4bio, adj., adv.; also faye; mltitanos; 

tomtom:— wise; crafty; sagacious; sly; 
, learned; sensible. 
sable, n.; also espada: — sword; saber. 
sab6t, n.; also s^nsia: — flavor; a particu- 
lar smell or taste. 
saca, V. tr.; also rescata: — to liberate; to 

free, 
s&can, adj.; also t6a; masa: — ripe; 

mature; ready for harvest, 
sacapico, n.; also jachita; CMada: — pick; 

a snarp-pointed tool; hatchet; pickax; 

mattock; ax. 



saco, n.: — coat. 

sacrifica, v. tr.: — to sacrifice. 

sacrilege (Jr. Sp.), adj.: — sacrilegious; 

violating sacred things (tinae respeto 

nl mafiantos sija na gUinaja). 
sacude, v. tr.: — to shake; to chastise rwith 

a birch rod); to flog; to shake off; to 

repel; to cast off. 
sadl-^ane, n.; also lansho: — shack; hut; 

cabin. 
sadog, n.; sadog diquiqui: — river; 

stream; brook; creek; small stream. 
safe, V. tr.; also jotyat: — to brush; to 

scrape or scratch off; to rub. 
saga, V. %.; also sumaga; suiSgon; 

sun^un: — to stay; to remain; to abide; 

to dwell; to reside; to continue; to en- 
dure; to last. 
8&gamai, n.:— gnat; iEBect allied to the 

mosquito, but smaller. 



4562—18 



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8Agamelo£|^ 



ooo 



San papi 



sa^amelof^, n.: — a sauirrel fish of a 

beautiful deep rose color; gill opeuings 

black; with large eyes. 
sagan, n.; also lug&t; sagayan: — place; 

location. 
sagan benta, n.; also tenda: — grocery. 
sagan famagdon, n.; also oriansa:^ 

nur9er>'; apartment for young children. 
sagan gi^gi^i n.; also cabayerisa: — 

stable; building for lodging horses, 

cattle; etc. 
sagan janum, n.; also tinajan Ja- 

num: — ^water reeervoir. 
sagan obeja, n.: — apiary; beehouse. 
sagan pajaro. n.;— aviary; inclosure 

for keeping of birds. 
sagayan, n.; also saean: — place; bower, 
sagayan na mayut^ adj.: — lonely; de- 
serted; solitary. 
sagaye, v. %.: — to settle down; to colonize. 
sagaye, v. tr.; also ooupa (Sp.); saj- 

guane; na-ff&ichdchd; na-cn&tsaga; 

tiand: — to talce possession. 
saga^e, v. tr., v. %.; also taotagtte:— 

to inhabit; to dwell; to reside; to re- 



sagrado (8p.), adj.; also santos; ma 

nft santos: — sacred; consecrated; in- 
violable. 
sagsae, n.;— local name for a fish of the 

edible variety; red in color, with 

large eyes, 
saguane, v. tr.: — ^to protect; to guard. 
s&guaty adj., adv.; also descarao; 

atrebido: — ^insolent; shameless; bold; 

daring, 
sagud, adj., adv.; also gusl; malatd; 

fresco: — smart; poignant; sharp; 

clever, 
s&gttd, V. tr.:— to pull; to haul. 
sagiid, V. tr.; also ampara: g6giie; 

saguane:— to protect; to shelter; to 

defend; to guard. 
s&tna, n.; also m&gas; tata: — master; 

lord; father. 
s&is sientos (Jr. seis, Sp.), at/;.;— six 

hundred, 
sals, adj.: — six. 
sa jafa, a<fv.;— why; jafa tcdmano: — 

how; in what manner; to what d^ree or 

extent; for what reason. 
sajago, n.; also tadu^ na janiim: — 

deep water. 
s&Janfi:, V. tr.: — to shelve; to place on a 

s&jguan, n.; — case; a covering or recep- 
tacle. 

s&lguane, v. (r.;— to fill; to replenish. 

sajguane taio, v. tr.; also n&-bula; 
reyena:— to replenish; to fill up again. 

sajngue, adj.; also sumajn^ue:— 
distinct; particular; different; 
* Tied. 

sajyan. n.; also batco or barco: — ship; 
vessel. 

s&jyau, adj., adv.: — quick; speedy. 



V. tr.: — to disapprove; to speak 

against. 
sala, n.; aUo sal6n (^p.):-4iaU. 
salamaiT^ca, n.;— play; trick, 
salaman^a, v. i.;— to play; to play 

tricks. 
salapd, n.; also moneda (Sp.): — cash; 

money; coin; piece of money, 
salero, n.; — salt cellar. 
salida (Sp.), n.; also jin&nao: — depart- 
ure; sailing, 
saligao, n.; — centipede. 
saUnas, n.; — salt-making plant. 
salni6n, n.; also written satni6n:— 

salmon. 
sal6n, n.: — parlor; reception room; draw- 
ing room, 
saltid {Sp.)y n.; also jinemld:— health; 

condition of health, 
saluda, i-. tr.: — to greet; to salute, 
saludable (Sp.), adj.: — ^wholesome; 

sound. 
salu£^ai, n.; also bayena: — whale. 
sand&Uas, n.; also doga:— sandals; shoe 

of coarse leather. 
s s tf^n, V. tr.; also nombra; faii4an; 

efljej ayeg:— to elect; to name; to 

appoint. 
s angan , v. tr.: — to say; to relate; to speak; 

to utter; to declare; to describe; to 

narrate; to set forth, 
sail^an desparate, v. tr.: — ^to swear; to 

utter an oath, 
sa^anen patgon, v. tr.; aUo nA- 

tim^6fUujon: — to insinuate; to suggest 

or hint indirectly. 
s a ri^n iye, v. 'tr.; also esplicays; 

traduse; na-daruye:— to interpret; to 

explain; to translate. 
slJTiganOy ad^., adv.; also desareelao:— 

dissolute; licentious; roving wildly, 
sanjalmn, adv.; also jalum; guijalum:— 

inside; there within; within. 
san Jalmn, n.; also jalum tan6:— 

interior; inland, 
san jild, prep.; also JilOfla; ayo; jijotr— 

on; upon; at; near; resting on the top; 

over; above; upon, 
san JiyofiJ:, adv.; also t&ifftle; fuera de 

(5p.):— outward; toward the outside; 

out; without, 
san lago, n.; also gui lago; lago:— 

north, 
san lichan, n.; also gui lichan; lu- 

chan: — ^west. 
san mdna, adv., prep.; also mdna: antes 

que; antes de (Jr. 5p.):— before; in 

y san mdna, n.;— front. 

sanmdna, n.; also euin&igue; pre- 

s^nsia (Sp,): — attendance; presence. 
S€m mdna I inter j.; also sigue If 6f 6na I— 

go ahead I forward ! 
sano (Sp.), adj.; also m&uleg llufla:— 

sane; mentally sound or healthy, 
san papa, adv.; also papa; gui pap&:— 

below; under; beneath. 



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«an tate 



221 



sefiot 



•an tate, n.; oho tate:— rear; the part 
behind the rest; last in order; quarter- 
deck (of a ship) ; scui tate srui batoo: — 
aft; toward the stem of a £ip. 

santo espfritu {SpJ), n.; aUo Yuu«: — 
holy spirit; God; the third person of the 
Trinity (v mina tres na petsona gm. 

sanydyd, n.;— spider. 

aa6nao pumixiite, v. tr.: — to condole to 
express S3rmpathy. 

aa6sao, v. tr.: — ^to clean; to dry. 

sapatos {8p.), n.;— shoes. 

sftpet, V. %.: — ^to care; to torment. 

sapet xnauleg, v. tr.: — to whip or punish 
soundly; asentadon; quinastiga; 
apas pateastigo segfiii y finatinas; 
retribosidn: — ^retribution; reward or 
punishment suitable to the action. 

sapi! interj.: — go away! (ex., chasing a 
cat). 

«api8api, n.: — a small fish of a beautiful 
glossy rose-purple: has large eyes, a 
blunt snout, straight back, and curved 
belly. 

afipisapi, n.; — a kite made by Chamorro 
boys (two other kinds are named 
sarangola and znartL or znard). 

sapit, V. tr.: — ^to mortify; to humble; to 
aepress. 

saque, v. tr.; also xnaftaque; t^aglle; 
man^sgrde: — to steal; to purloin. 

saque, n.; — ^theft; thief; ourglar; also 
ladr6n:— thief. 

aaque {or saqui), v. %.: — ^to poach; to 
tres^ss; to shoot or steal game. 

sasajfi^e, adj.; also xnadesooupa: — 
desolate; deprived of inhabitants. 

sasal&guan, n.; also tinfiifondo; in- 
fietno: — ^hell; abyss; gulf. 

aasafTganfia, n.:— expression; mode of 
speech. 

sasata, n.: — ^wasp. 

sasatba, n.; also nanaiibre; 8atbad6t 
(Jr. Salvador, Sp, — Savior. 

sasefEgat, n.; — vernacular name for the 
most remarkable bird of the Marianas 
Islands, a meffapode. 

sastre, n.; — taUor. 

satanas (8 p.), n.; also mag^anite {or 
maglSg^aniti):— satan; the devil. 

satgue, n.; also edas; piBo: — stage; plat- 
form; support; floor. 

satira {8p.), n.;— satire; sarcasm; ridi- 
cule. 

satisfecho, adj., adv.; also magof; 
nAjGSf;: — satisfied; cheerful; delighted; 
joyous; merry; gay. 

satin6xi, n.: — salmon. 

satmonete, n.; — local name for a fish be- 
longing to the surf midlets; has laige 
scales; of pinkish yellow, with bri^t 
yellow fins and other yellow markings. 

satna, n.; also latd: — ^itch; scab; scurf. 

satpa, V. tr.: — ^to bum; to parch the 
ground; to squander. 

sataa, n.; also fina-dend; qu^lctgiiin:— 
ketchup; catsup; sauce. 



8&ulag:, V. tr.; also latigaso: — ^to beat; to 

chastise. 
sebada, n.: — millet; barley. 
sebo, n.; also znantica: — ^tallo^ ; fat (of 

the cow). 
seboyas, n.;— -onions; they are frequently 

planted in Guam, but do not thrive 

very well; the bulbs produced are very 

small, but are much relished by the 

natives, 
secante, n.; — ^blotter. 
secrete, n.: — secret, 
seda, n.; — silk. 

sede, V. i.: — ^to relent; to yield, 
s^dula, n.; also papeleta: — ticket; cer- 
tificate; note, 
seguidiyas, n.: — local name for the four- 
winged bean; bears edible pods having 

four longitudinal wings; the green pods 

of this plant are eaten in Guam as a 

vegetable; they are tender, free from 

stnnginess, ana are of excellent flavor; 

the tuberous root is edible, but is not 

utilized in Guam, 
segundo, n.: — second, 
seguro i8pX adj.f adv.; also taipeli- 

gro: — Bsde; tree from danger; secure, 
sejas, n.: — eyebrows, 
semana (8p,), n.; — ^week; period of 

seven- days. 
semanan pasidxi, n.: — Passion Week; 

the week following Passion Sunday, 
sementerero, n.; also lanchero: — 

farmer; peasant, 
seznenteyo, n.; — cemetery, 
sexnento, n.; also simienlio:— cement, 
semiya, n.; also fensO; sieiiibra; 

pepitas: — seed; stone; kemel (of fruits, 

etc.) 
aemnap, n.; also ininan atdao; aho 

written atdau: — sunshine, 
sena, n.; — supper. 

sefiaa, n.: — signal; token; sign; mark, 
seftaa, v . tr.: — to signal ; to make signals to. 
sefiat {same as sefias), n.; — symptom; 

sign; token; mark, 
sendalo, n.: — soldier, 
sendalon quinab&bayo, n.; — cavalry* 

man; rider, 
sandai^ulo, adj.; also gu6fda£g:oulo; 

p:6da^^uIo: — enormous; excessive; 

immense; very great, 
stoda^l^ulo, adj., adv.; also tamafio; 

adit: — immense; heavy; large. 
8ened6t, n.; also Bintor6n; coreaa: — 

belt (for the waist). 
senisa, n.; also apo: — ashes; cinders; 

embers, 
stojuto; also xnajuto: — exhausted; at 

the ena. 
s^nmagajet, adv.: — certainly; in all 

seriousness. 
sefiora, {fr, 8 p.), n.:— gentlewoman; a 

woman of good birth and breeding; a 

lady. 
sefiot {Jr. 8p. sefior), n.; also oaba- 

jrero: — sir; gentleman; a well-bred and 

honorable man. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



6tepodo£|: 



222 



siiuitfi;mft 



stepodoiSS:. V. t.; also •dnmapade: — to 
flunk; to mil completely. 

sensen, n.; al$o oatne: — ^meat. 

senaivo, n.; — nmny; Bimpleton. 

sentensia (Sp.), n.; aUo julsio: — sen- 
tence; judgment; opinion; deciaion. 

sentenaiad6t. n.; — umpire. 

Bentido, n.; aUo Jinaso: — temple (of the 
head); mind; intellect; understanding. 

aentiinent&t, adj., adv.; also t&taoA: — 
sentimental; romantic. 

sentimiento, n.; alio siente: — regret; 
mental sorrow. 

aentinelay n.; also gnitdia; y mamti- 
xnulan: — sentinel; guard; watch. 

aentura, n.; — ^waist. 

aepara, v. t.; also n4-«uja: — to separate; 
to part; to go asunder. 

86paraai6n (Sp.), n.; — division; sepa- 
ration; difference. 

aeptiembre, n.; — September. 

sera, n.; aUo da^Sj^es-abeJa:— bees- 
wax. 

aeradura, n.; also caatiyo (Sp.): — castle; 
citadel. 

aeremdnias-eumllTUua, n.; — ^litur{|[y; 
the prescribed ritual for public worship. 

serenata, n.; — serenade; evening music 
in the air. 

aero, n.; also tayft: — zero; naught; 
nothing. 

aerpiente (Sp,), n.; also oulebla: — ser- 
pent; snake. 

86b£, n.;— -knife; de£|:cot; dosuj^; du- 
lug: — to stab; to pierce; to stick; to 
sting (with a knife). 

sted, V. ir.: also chachag; tagft: — to 
stab; to cut; to wound. 

seaenta, adj.: — sixty. 

alMog, n.; — local name for a squirrel fish 
of a beautiful crimson color, with a 
number of lines of a darker red. 

8e8i6n {Sp.), n.: — session; the actual sit- 
ting of a court, council, or legislative 
body. 

seso, adv.; also m6gai na biaje: — oft; 
often; frequently. 

seso, adj.: — frequent; recurring often. 

8^0, n.: — an implement for detaching 
the meat of the coconut from the shell. 

aeBonyan, n.; also fa«h6: — ^marsh; a 
swampy tract of land; bo^. 

sesuye, v. %.; also taiO; repite; taplu^; 
aangan t41o: — to repeat; to reiterate. 

aeayon, n.; — local name for a blackish- 
purple, mackerel-shaped fish ; head and 
back covered with wavy lines; of the 
lancet-fish variety, and is edible; the 
young are called mafLajag. 

aetbe, adj.; also g&e gu&ilaye; xnf- 
setbe: — useful. 

aetbe Jafa na exnpleo, v. tr.; also 
gobietna; manea: — to administer; to 
manage. 

aetbeaa, n.: — beer. 

setbiente, n.; also criado; miuistro: — 
servant. 

aetbfsio, n.; — service. 



aetbiyetaa, n.;— napkin, 
aetenta, adj.: — seventy. 
aeteaientoa, adj.: — seven hundred, 
aetmon, n.; — sermon; discourse on a text 

of Scripture, 
aetro (Sp.), n.; — scepter; the sovereign's 

staff. 
aeyo, n.; also aigilo (Sp.): — seal; stamp; 

postage stamp. 
■ibo, n.; also tal6: — middle, 
aiempre (Sp.), adv.: — always, 
■iexnpre biba, n.; — local name for the life 

plant; also called witch leaf; when the 

leaf is cut off or drops to the ground, the 

buds form from it and in a short time new 

plants appear all around the maigin; 

common by the roadside, especially 

along the road leading up the hill from 

San Antonio, east of Agafia. 
■iexnpre fijo, adj., adv.; also tAicuma- 

lamten: — invariable; constant, 
■ita, adj.; also aiento: — hundred, 
aiente, v. tr.: — to feel; to toudi. 
■ieata (Sp.), n.;— nap; a short slumber, 
aiete, adj.: — seven. 
aietto (J^. Sp. derto), adv.; also niaga- 

jet: — ^indeed; in fact; in truth, 
aiglo, n.; — century. 
■igae m6nal inter j.; also adelantal — 

advance! onward, 
aigoe, V. i.; — to follow; to continue, 
aigue I interj.: — proceed I go on! 
■igue, V. i.; dUo famooat: — to go; to 

move; to walk; to depart; umetnon: — 

to adhere; to stick fast, 
afing, V. tr.; also to^toSj^; panag: — ^to 

pi^; to crowd; to strike; to thrust, 
■ijigy n.: — ^local name for a bird, the 

terrestrial kingfisher; feeds upon insects 

and lizards, and is said to eat young 

birds and to pick out the eyes of young 

chickens. 
sOaba, n.: — syllable. 
aiUndro, n.: — cylinder, 
simetric&t, adj.; also man adanche; 

man aya: — symmetrical; proportionr 

ate. 
aimiento, n.; — foundation, 
aimple, adj., adv.; also manao; t&iadot- 

no: — simple; not complex; natural, 
sin, n.: — zinc; a bluish-white metal, 
ain, prep.: — ^without. 
sifLa, V. i.: — to be able. 
ain&gtl6, n.; — protection; guard; also 

pull; act of pulling. 
aiflajH, adv., conj.; also acaso; canft; 

Ju]Sg:guan; jo^guiyon; junguaa:— 

perhaps; maybe; by chance; haply, 
sinajngue, n.; also retire: — seclusion, 
aifia ma alado, adj.; also aladuyon:— 

arable; fit for the plow, 
aifta maya, adj.; also m&mftya:— 

navigable, 
sina^^an, n.;also cuentoa: — statement; 

narrative; recital; story; tale; comment; 

remark; explanation. 
ainaatSgan, v. tr.: — to quote; to adduce a 

passage from some author or speaker. 



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sinApet 



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sorojo 



ain&pet, n.; — torture; agony of mind or 
body. 

a j nasal& g uan, adj., adv.; also incmite: — 
infernal; hellish; outrageous; fiendish. 

silL&t, n.; also figura (Sp.): — type; sign; 
figure. 

• jn a tja f echo, n.; also minagof; nixxa- 
joiSg:; quinentento: — satisfaction; 
contentment; gratification. 

sin&ulag, n.; also bina-ba:— sound 
thrashing. 

sin chuinooho, adj.^ adv.; also fotm&t: — 
sober; earnest; senous; grave; sedate. 

sinco, ad;.;— five. 

sincuenta, adj.:— Mty. 

sinegwro, n.; also aaeguridA (Sp.); 
proxneta; aras: — surety; guaranty 
against loss or damage; guarantee; free- 
dom from danger; security; earnest 
money; pledge; pawn. 

sin 6nao, conj.; also sin esc; descuidau 
or descoidao: — ^regardless of that; not- 
withstanding. 

sinesd, n.; also tuxegctkJk; dinilug: — 
stab; thrust. 

sinesede, n.; also oaso; inariesga: — 
incident; occurrence; event; happen- 
ing; adventure. 

sindsO, n.: — copra. 

sinetsot^ n.; also contrisi6n (Sp.):— 
contrition; penitence; repentance. 

siniabe, n.; also minanso: — gentleness; 
mildness; meekness. 

sini&e, n.; also nin&m&uleg; fin&m&u- 
leg; inadelanta; nil&mauleg:— im- 
provement. 

siniente. n.: — ^feeling; perception; sense 
of touch. 

siniso, n.; — shoot or sprout; top of young 
shoot. 

sinison chotda, n.: — young banana 
sprout. 

sLniye, v. tr.; also ulat: — to hold within; 
to fill. 

siniye, v. tr.; also 8o£^o£g: — to stuff; to 
press or pack. 

sin medida, n.; also sin moderasi6n; 
gula: — ^immoderation; intemperance. 

sin naan, adj.: — nameless; without a 
name. 

sin6ninio, n.: — synonym; a word having 
the same si^fication as another. 

sin par&t; adj . , adv .; also t&iminagtos: — 
unbroken; continuous; uninterrupted. 

sin probecho, adj.; also sin adelanto: — 
futile; vain; useless. 

sinta, n.; also galon: — edging; border. 

siquiera, adv.: — at least; at any rate. 

sirena, n.; also culti: — siren; foghorn. 

sise, V. tr.; also titeg: — to rip; to tear. 

sise. n.; also chinaddag; sinise: — slash; 
a long cut. 

sfsiguiJA) V. %.; also usune: — ^to persist; to 
continue steadily in any coiu^e com- 
menced. 

sisifia, n.; also minanda: — ^jurisdiction. 

slsodft, n.; — finder; one who finds. 



sisonyan, n.; also jagoi: — pool; puddle; 
body of stagnant water; swamp; lagoon. 

sistenia, n.: — system; orderly arrange- 
ment; method of transacting business. 

sistematico, adj., adv.: — systematical; 
according to system. 

sfsmna, n.; also bfporas: — adder; viper; 
asp. 

sltculo, n.; — cu^le; a round body. 

sitio, n.; also p&tio: — yard; courtyard. 

siud&, n.; — city. 

siya, n.; also aparejo: — chair; saddle 
(siya para y tatalO ^gP^). 

siyan gaioanae, n.: — armdiair. 

siyan machucan, n.: — rocker; rocking 
chair. 

sob^tbio, adj.y adv.: — proud. 

sobla, n.; also ten}an: — ^remnant; rest; 
remainder. 

sobla, V. %.: — to remain; to be left over. 

sobre cama, n.; — quilt; coverlet; coun- 
terpane. 

sobren catta, n.; — envelope. 

sobresaliente, adj., ot/t;.;— exceptional. 

sobretodo, n.; atso manto :•— overcoat. 

sobrina, n.: — niece; daughter of a brother 
or sister. 

sobrino, n.: — nephew. 

86cai, V. tr.: — to tear. 

socore, v. tr.; also asiste; ayuda: — to 
help; to assist; to succor. 

sodft, V. tr.: — to earn; to acquire; to pro- 
cure by effort?; also gana; faidid- 
chtie: — to meet; to find; to recover; 
jentan; gach&: — ^to detect; to dis- 
cover; to bring to light; inbenta; 
n&-juyo£g: — to expose; to invent. 

sogne, V. tr.; also jogse; fa&ilft: — to 
accuse; to charge some one with. 

sogsog, adj.: — consumptive. 

sogsog, n.: — consumption; tuberculosis. 

Bolamente, adv.; also mfilsa:— only; 
singly; merely. 

solamente que (Sp.), adv.: — unless. 

solenine, adj., aav.; also yiniusan: — 
solemn; serious; devout. 

solo, adj., adv.; also aislado; su- 
mal^S^ue: — ^isolated; solitary; se- 
cluded; off-lying; remote; lonesome. 

sombra, n.; also &nine£|g^; nujong*: — 
shade; shady place; shadow. 

soninap, n.; also iiiinan &tdau: — sun- 
light. 

so^gue, adj.: — ^inflamed; incensed. 

soii§guiyon, adj., adv.; also gusl janon; 
gusi mafyift:— inflammable; easily set 
on fire; combustible. 

soiSgso^, n.; also biya:— borougji; a 
corporate town. 

songue, V. tr.; also written soigne; also 
janon; toti^ue; n&-fafiilft; totne: — 
to bum up; to ignite; to set on fire. 

sonido, n.; — tone; sound; noise; buru- 
ca: — noise. 

sopas, n.: — soup. 

sopla, V. i.: also gdja:— to blow; to sway. 

sorojo, n.; — ^bolt; aoor lock. 

sorojo, V. tr.: — ^to bolt the door. 



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sdsd 



224 



ratco 



mdBfiy V. tr,: — ^to detach. 

Bospecha, v. %.: — to suspicion; to believe. 

sospechoso, adj.^ adv.; dUo J60giiaxi: — 
distrustful; suspicious. 

sostiene (Sp.)y v. tr.; aUo muS^on; 
aguante; n&-fatAohoiSg:: — to sustain; 
to endure; to tolerate; to bear; to sup- 
port; to support by pillars. 

so tana, n.: — ^robe; loose outer garment. 

Botda, V. tr.: — ^to solder. 

Botne, r. tr.: — to stew; to boil slowly. 

setae, V. tr.: — to dam; to mend ( a rent). 

sotta, V. tr.; also deapensa (Sp.); aati; 
nft-para: — to give up a claim; to waive; 
to for^o. 

sottaye, v. tr., v. %.; also oumftcalo; 
n&-oalo: — to slacken; to relax; to ener- 
vate or to become enervated; to effemi- 
nate. 

sottera, n.; — damsel; a maiden; spinster; 
unmarried woman. 

sottero, n.; — bachelor. 

Bottero, adj.; also written aoltero 
(Sp.): — single; unmarried. 

8oy6, V. tr.; also coxnbida; Jujo; ofreae; 
conbeziBe; nA-oBgon: — to bid; to 
make an offer of; to persuade; to influ- 
ence by ailment, advice, or entreaty. 

Buabe, adj.^ adv.; also manana; — mild; 
gentle; gentle in temper and dis- 
position; meek; soft: suave; sweet. 

Buab e na xua]S|'ld : — breeze ; gen tie gale ; 
fresh soft wind. • 

Bube, V. tr.: — to further; to help forward; 
to promote. 

BUbida, n.; — approach. 

Bubida, V. i.; also chijit; Jumijot: — to 
approach; to draw nearer. 

Bubmarino, n.; — submarine. 

Bubaigxiiente, adv.; also tum&tate: — 
subsequently; later. 

Buegra, n.; — mother-iu-law. 

Buegro, n.: — father-in-law. 

Buelas, n.; also fangacb&an: f6fegu6; 
gacha; g&gach&: — sole (of the foot). 

Buetdo, n.; also apas: — wage; payment 
for service; pay; salary. 

Buette, V. i.; also fagoh&: — to be lucky; 
to be successful. 

Buette, n.; aZ«o catga: — lot; fate; fortune. 

suetto, adj.: — unbound; free. 

Bufan, i;. tr.; also ribana: — to pare; to 
cut away little by little («;., to pare an 
apple). 

Bugon, V. tr.; also eapanta: — ^to frighten; 
to drive away. 

BUgun, V. tr.; also nH-l&gUBt: — to drive; 
to impel forward by force. 

Bujal mterj.: — a^ay! out of the way 
with it! 

Bujaye, v. tr.: — to avoid. 

Bujeta, V. tr.: — to repress; to quell; to 
suppress. 

Buleto, n.: — subject; theme; material. 

Bujeto, n.; also miuldiye; lixnitaBidn; 
reBtriBi6n: — restriction; limitation; 
confinement. 



Bulon, V. %.; also lapis; lumagas: 

slide; to glide; to slip, 
salon, n.; slip, 
suma, n.; also tot&t: — sum; the whole or 

total, 
suma, V. tr.: — to add up; to sum up. 
Btunagftgaye, n.; also ocupante (5p.):— 

occupant; one who has possession, 
stunai, v. tr.: — ^to soak; to wet; to bathe 

(for a long time). 
BuniaJ£gue, v. %.; also sumula; mamft. 

tate: — to stra^le; to lag behind. 
8uniaJ£gue, adj., adv.; also tinico (Sp.); 

m&maisa jH: — singular; unique; soli- 
tary; single; lonely. 
Bumanjiy^Sg:, adj., adv.; also Biunan- 

Jiyo^: — exterior. 
suinfisaJlSj^e, adv.: — particularly; in 

particular; specially. 
Bumd (or sunxi), n.: — leak; a hole which 

lets in water. 
Btimd (or Bumi), v. tr.:— to leak througji. 
siunegtigundo, adv.; also gui tinate: — 

secondly; in the second place. 
Bumlsija, adj.^ adv.; also guniag&choli|^ 

^uigo: — simultaneous; at the same 

time. 
Bumuspiros, v. %.: — to sob; to sigh in a 

convulsive manner with tears. 
Buncho, n.;— hoop; a metal or wooden 

band to hold together the staves of a 

cask. 
suiSg^on, V. L; also p61o: — to suffer; to 

permit. 
8u£gon, V. tr.:—ijo forbear; to abstain 

from; to spare. 
BUiSgon, adj.y adv.; meslSgon: — patient; 

resigned. 
Buni, n.: — local name for the taro, a 

succulent plant with edible, starchy, 

tuberous rootstock; several varieties are 

cultivated in Guam. 
Buog, V. tr.; also jo£|pgue: — ^to induce; to 

persuade; to prevail upon; to cause. 
Buon, V. tr.; also choneg; anima: — ^to 

elate; to raise the spirits of. 
Buplente, adj.; also interino: — vicarious. 
Buplica (Sp.)^ V. tr.; also tiyuyut:— to 

beg; to entreat. 
Bupone (Sp.)j V. tr.: — to suppose; to 

imagine; to assume as true. 
Bupug, V. tr.y V. %.; also lIogfLog; 

lumus: — to submerge (in water); to 

immerse. 
Busede, i;. i.: — ^to happen; to befall. 
BuseBO, n.: — success; event. 
suspiroB, V. i.; also ugu£|^; ugulS^e: — 

to sigh; to lament; to complain. 
BUspiroB, n.; also inigofij^: — sigh. 
BUst&nBia (Sp.), n.; also giliniya; 

jinafa: — being; substance; matter. 
Bustento, n.; al«o n^fig^canO: nilftlft: — 

subsistence; maintenance; livelihood. 
BUBU, n.: — ^breasts; udder. 
Butco, n.; also canat; joya; joyo: — 

furrow. 



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tabetna 



225 



t&iin teres 



T. 



tabetna, n.; also g^uni4 pasajero: — ^inn; 

roadhouse. 
tabla, n.; — board; table. 
tabl6ii, n.: — plank; thick board. 
tac&, V. tr.; also consigue; }agO; 

gachft: — to reach; to accomplish; to 

obtain; to attain; to follow. 
tlMalum, adj.y adv.; also mano j sifla; 

todo y sifia: — intensive; with all 

might, 
tacho, V. i.; also cajulO; tacho; toj- 

gue: — to stand; to get up. 
tacho, adj.: — perpendicular. 
t&chon|:I fat&chon|:! — sit down! 
tacho^fr gui jalom gumft Ytius: — pew; 

churcn seats. 
t&chon|: nl t&iapO, n.: — seat; chair; post; 

stool; seat without a back, 
tacon, n.; also dddego: — heel. 
tacurf, n.: — kettle; vessel for holding 

liquids. 
tadiuig, adj.y adv.; also moduiig: — large, 

deep, 
tcuiunj^ na janum, n.; also sajago: — 

deep water, 
taftaf, adj.; also magd.: — early; unripe. 
tagajld, adj.; also mkgss; gatbo; tag- 

jild: — superb; grand; stately; illus- 
trious; high in dignity or power; 

prominent, 
t&gmomye, adj.^ adv.; also t&gmozny- 

on; gli-mino: — quarrelsome, 
tagd, r. tr.: — to command; to order; to 

rule; to send; to cause to go; to dispatch. 
tagpangue, v. tr.: — to baptize; to 

christen. 
t&gpap&, adj., adv.; also 6baba; des- 

Eresiao; t&isetbe: — low; humble; 
ase; abject; vile; mean-spirited. 

t&gpap&, n.; also guiguig: — reptile; 
culebla: — snake. 

tagpap&fla, adj.; also gui pap&: — sub- 
ordinate; inferior in rank, power, or 
position. 

tagdan, i'. tr., v. i.; also confla; 
an|^oco: — to entrust; to contide; to 
looK tor; to expect; to hope. 

t&iachaigua, adj.; also ti umaya; 
diferentes; distinto: — superior; dif- 
ferent; diverse; various. 

t&iadotno, adj.: — simple; unadorned; 
natural. 

tfiialentos, adj.: — ^breathless; out of 
breath. 

t&ias6, adj., adv.; also znachaleg; ti 
zuaf&n&^gile: — savage; fierce; wild. 

t&iasd (or t&iasi), (wf;.;— brutal; cruel. 

t&iatension, adj., adv.; also desatento; 
bronco; impolltico; t&iinadaje; ti 
yodaje; dana: — impolite; wanting in 
good manners; boorish; coarse; inatten- 
tive; careless; inadvertent. 

t6ibale, adj.: — paltry; worthless; con- 
temptible; frivolous; trifling; silly; in- 
clined to levity; nulo; tfiisetbe: — in- 
valid; null and void. 



t&ibale, n.; — ^frivolity; levity. 

t&ibale na t&otao, n.; — wretch; des- 
picable or worthless person. 

t&ibisio, adC., adv.; also bittuoso: — 
virtuous. 

t&ioh6oh0, n.; also t&ibida; djlnes- 
cansa: — idleness; ease; leisure; free- 
dom from occupation. 

t&ichetnot, adj,: — uninjured; not 
wounded. 

t&ichi, adj., adv.: — immeasurable; im- 
mense; vast: limitless. 

t&ichilo£g, aaj.; also ti aoompazayon: — 
matchless; peerless; incomparable. 

t&icunialaniten, adj., adv.; also siem- 
pre fljo; fljo: — invariable; constant. 

tfiidinacon, adj., adv.; also ti d&dague: — 
truthful. 

tftiesperensia, adj., adv.; also t&i- 
pinayon; t&ipractico: — ^inex- 
perienced; unskilled; unpractised. 

tftifinagpd, adj., adv.; also t&ijinecog: — 
endless. 

tftifinatai, adj.; also tftiputlilo; t&i- 
nilamaa; inunott&t:— imperishable; 
indestructible; not subject to decay; 
permanently enduring; immortal. 

t6ig&cho£g, adj., adv.; also aislado; 
fi^giiiyajH:— lonesome; lonely; soli- 
tary. 

t&igftchon|:, adj.: — odd; unusual; pecu- 
liar; eccentric. 

t&iglLchoiSg, adv.; also sensiyo: — mere; 
simply; omjr; merely. 

t&iganas: — without appetite. 

t&igasto, adj.; also barato (Sp.); ti mi 
^asto: — ^inexpensive; cheap. 

t&igrasia, n.; also niat&pan|^: — farce. 

t&iguailaye, adj., adv.; also t&isetbe: — 
useless. 

t&iguailave; also inutit: — unfit; un- 
serviceable. 

t&iguailaye, adv.; also enbano: — ^in 
vain; to no purpose; fruitlessly; un- 
necessarily. 

t&igtte, adv.: — absent. 

taigiiije, adj.; also taigtt6nao: — such; 
the same that; or, the same as referred 
to. 

t&iguinalamten, adj., adv.; also ti n& 
calamtiyon; fljo; fltme: — immovable; 
fixed; unchanging. 

t&ifnadaje, n.; also descuidao: — reck- 
lessness; heedlessness; carelessness. 

t&iinatTfeoco, adj., adv.; also ti man 
a]Sg6^oco; t&ichinatsaga; inde- 
pendiente: — independent; not de- 

Jndent on, supported by, or governed 
another, 
una, adj.; also ti m&lae: — unpre- 
tending; destitute of brilliancy or 
luster, not showy. 
t&ifnteres, adj., adv.; also jus to: gas- 
gas; t^pinetjudica: — ^impartial; free 
from partiality; unprejudiced; fair; just. 



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tampooo 



t&iisao, adj., adv.; also inosente: — not 
puilty; innocent; euiltlese. 

t&ija-ane, adj.; aUo tAi^ina^^oA; ti 
l&lftlft: — inanimate; lifeless; dead; 
gpiritlesB. 

t&iiinaso, adj.: — ignorant. 

tlilave, adj., adv.; also camten: — bad; 
evil; wicked; mifichievous; mean; vul> 
gar; unrefined. 

t&ilixlache, adj.; also t&idinague; ti ailLa 
xnandague: — infallible; unerring. 

t&imaJlfiaa, adj., adv.; also tftiAlUtu; 
descarao; mkgUM,t; znatatiSi^:— bold; 
courageous; audacious; forward. 

t&imaestima, adj., adv.; also t4ipre«io; 
ti catculayon: — inestimable; incalcu- 
lable; beyond measure or price. 

t&imajg^olS^, adj., adv.; also lebo^ in- 
quieto: — troublesome; annoying; rest- 
\es9; unquiet; turbulent. 

t&imamajlao, adj., adv.; also deaoarao; 
t&imamajlau: — shameless; auda- 
cious; insolent; bold. 

t&imancha, adj., adv.: — unstained; with- 
out a blen^ish. 

t&iminagof, adj., adv.; also mala-gana; 
triste (Sp.); penite:— sad; in bad 
humor; full oif grief. 

t&JTninagof, n.: — disappointment; de- 
feat or failure of expectation. 

t&imizuufigtd, (u/j.;— distasteful; unpleas- 
ant to the taste. 

t&iminauleg, adj.; also caasado; 
esterit; aS^ld; n& odft: — sterile; 
barren; producing little or no crop. 

t&imineton, n.;— fickleness. 

tftinlnatfj^ga, adj., adv.; also desea- 
perao:— hopeless; desperate. 

tfilOson, adj.; mefllSgon: — patient; for- 
bearing. 

t&iparejo, adj., adv.: — extreme; of the 
highest degree; last; utmost; unequal; 
insufficient. 

t&ipaaenflia, adj.; also tenjos: — im- 
patient. 

tlUpeligro, adj.; also segtiro (Sp.): — 
safe; free from danger: secure. 

t&ipreoio, adj., also t^ibale:— invalu- 
aole; priceless. 

t&ipunta, adj., adv.; also obtuBo (Sp.); 
foda; fiaiid: — obtuse; dull. 

t&b'exnedio, adj.; also ti nk nxagu^on; 
ti axnti^on: — incurable; irremediable; 
incorrigible. 

t&irespeto, adj.; also descarao; atre- 
bido: — impudent; offensively forward; 
intentionally disrespectful; desatento; 
bruto:— inattentive; irreverent; rude; 
coarse. 

t&isabot, adj.: — tasteless; unpalatable. 

t&isa^y adj.; also nesesitao: — indigent; 
destitute; needy. 

t&isalapd, adj.; also poble; nesesitao: — 
impecunious; without money; poor. 

tiisegtiro, adj.; also ti fljo;' ti maga- 
jet; — insecure; uncertain; unsafe. 



t&isentido, n.; — ^fool; a person devoid of 
reai^n; idiot. 

tiisetbe, n.; also impettan^Tiiria; para 
numft^deon:— impertinence; forward- 
ness; rudeness. 

t4iainajguan, adj.; also glieco; baoio:— 
empty; vacant within; hollow; void. 

t&i w natjgf echo, adj.: — insatiable; not 
capable of being satisfied or appeaaed. 

t&iBixietsot, adj.; also ti xnafiotsot: — 
impenitent. 

t&isinetsot, n.; also ti zninaliotaot; ti 
f&faftotsot; inpenit^nsiat—impeni' 
tence. 

t&iainiente, adj., adv.; also l&laj%o:— 
senseless. 

t&itai, v. i.: — to read; to pray. 

t6itini£j^d, adj.: — destitute of reason. 

tijltinitf^, n.; also b&baba; caduco: — 
simpleton; ninny. 

t&iuttizno, adj.; also ti yfudjon; U 
pasayon:— unlimited; infinite; end- 
less. 

t&^giie, r. tr.: — to supersede; to come 
into, or take, the place of. 

talla^g^y V. tr.: — to weigh by hand. 

taileg, n.; — twist. 

tai&, V. tr.: — to expose; to lay open. 

talagtag, n.; also baquetaso: buruca; 
tagtag; pajSgpaiSg^: — noise; bang; clap 
(of a IxKly striking the ground in fall- 

taliu, V. tr.; also aplasta: — to raze; to 

level to the ground; to blot out. 
tala^a, n.: — ear. 
talaiTgan jayo, n.; also inapul&ijan; 

payon dujendes: — mushroom: sponge, 
talang^an julo, n.; also julo: — thunder- 
bolt; lanilam, n.: — li^tning. 
talapos, n.: — rag: a fragment of cloth, 
talavero, n.; also pescaddt (Sp.):— 

fisherman, 
tale, n.; also cuetdaa: — rope; cord; 

string; line, 
talen atgoya, n.: — guide line of the 

simple carabao harness. 
tald, n.: — Equator. 
tald, n.: — center. 
t&lo, adv.: — afresh; again; anew, 
tald, adv.: — ^again; once more; back again. 
taldane, n.: — noon. 
t&lo tate, V. tr.; also n&-in&j£Lao; 

majflao: — to recall; to call bact; to 

revoke. 
tftlon jumaso, v. i.: — to recur; to return 

to the mind. 
tAluye, V. tr.; also n&-l&anacd:— to 

lengthen; to add to. 
tainafio, adj.; also s^ndaiSg^culo; adit: — 

immense; heavy; large, 
tambot, 71.: — drum; drummer, 
tampat, n.: — local name for a fish of the 

flounder variety; a good food fish, 
taxnpe, r. tr.; also oubre: — to cover; to 

cover up; to wrap around, 
tampe, n.: — cover; lid; a movable cover, 
tampoco (Sp.), conj.: — Ukewise not. 



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t&yuyut 



tamtam, v.tr.; also cha^e: — to sample; 

to taste food, 
tancaty n . : — cage . 
tanohd, V. tr.: — to show; to point out 

(with the finger). 
tanoh^e, v. tr.: also ffta^e; indioa; nft- 

jaso: — to indicate; to point out; to 

suggest; to hint, 
tane, r. tr.: — to entertain; to receive and 

treat hospitably; ocupa; saj^ane: — 

to take possession, 
tand, V. tr.: — ^to try; to taste food, 
tand, V. tr.: — to practice; to occupy one's 

pelf with, 
ta^a, adj.: — deaf; deprived of hearing. 
t&jl§cala, adj.: — porous, 
tai^e, V. X.: also majalaflg^e; pini- 

tiye: — to moiu^; to grieve; to lament, 
.ta^l^siyon, a</;.;— pitiful; lamentable. 
talSfuis, V. %.: — to cry; to howl {ex.y 

dogs). 
tftmne, n.: also ch&chalapon chet- 

not: — infection; taint; infectious dis- 



tandy n.: also odA: — ^home; land; piece of 
ground; estate; world. 

y tan6, n.; — the world. 

tand xxi&ipe, n.; — ^Tropics. 

tanque, n.; also taiSg^ue:— -cistern; 
tank. 

tantea, v. tr.^ v. %.: — to feel. 

tanto come , prep.; — as well 

as also . 

tantOy adv.: — so much; so large. 

tanum, v. tr.: — to sow; to plant. 

t&otao, n.: — man; male; laje: — man. 

t&otao ji^olSfr^ Tiv/ also eatranjero 
(Sp.): — alien; foreign-bom resident. 

t&otao lago, n.: — European. 

t6otao nf man mam6mooat: — pedes- 
trian; one going on foot or walking. 

t&otao sija: — people; inhabitants; folk; 
people in general. 

tapis, n.; also b&gai: — apron. 

taplujig, V. %.: also aeauye; tafd; repite 
lSp.)\ sa^l^an taio:— to repeat; to 
reiterate. 

taqud, n.; also od&; fachd; abono: — dirt; 
mud; dung; manure; fertilizing sub- 
stance. 

taqud ^^jn.: — excrement; matter dis- 
charged from animal body after diges- 
tion; dungheap. 

taqud lulog, n.: — rust. 

taxaquito, n.: — a fish of the pompano 
familv; is of silvery color, with wash 
of yellow; a favorite food fish, caught 
usually by hook, using the small tiao 
for bait. 

tarea, n.: — task. 

tarifa {Sp.\ n.;— tariff. 

tarjeta, n.: — card; visiting or business 
card. 

tasa, n.; — cup; platito: — saucer. 

tasa, V. tr.: also gueflamen; ag^a- 
dese: — to appreciate; to value. 

tase (or tail), n.: — bay; sea; ocean; 
bajia; bocana: — bay. 



ta8m.e, v. tr.: — to point; to sharpen (a 

pencil). 
tasyon, adj.: also fot^n; masmas: — 

wet; damp; moist; bnny. 
tat; taya; nunca, adv.:-^Tiever. 
tata, n.: also ftsaina; duefio: — ^father; 

lord; master; owner. 
t&taca, adj.: also aentiment&t: — senti- 
ment^; romantic. 
t&tac&, V. i.: — to grope; to feel one's way 

in the dark; to seek blindly, 
t&tagft, n.: — a black fish with a spur on 
. its forehead and two sharp bony plates 

on the tail; in younger specimens the 

spur is shorter, ana in the voungest 

both spur and tail-plates are absent, 
t&tagd, n.: also mftgas; julon; magft- 

lajo: — magistrate; governor, 
titald, n.:— back. 
t&tald pueiS^e, n.: — midnight, 
t&talun, n.; also aasatdun: — local name 

for a brown fish, reddish on belly; 

bright blue spots and a number of line 

markings on the head, 
t&tamul^, n.; also t&tanum:— local 

name for a blackish fish having pectorals 

margined with yellow; has a prominent 

hump on nape of neck and projecting 

teeth curved forward. 
t&tanch6, n.: — forefinger; index finger, 
t&tand, n.; — glamour; fascination, 
t&taotao, n.: — ^human body. 
tatate, ?i.; also y man6tatate: — 

progeny. 
t&tate m&tai, v. tr.: also UU&l&jA:— to 

survive; to outlive, 
t&tatse, adj.: also jfjuna; bineno: — 

poisonous. 
tate, n.: also aan tate: — rear; the part 

behind the rest ; last in order, 
tate, r. tr.: also Jagd; tatiye: — to 

follow; to reach. 
taten, adv.: — behind; in rear of. 
taten ogso, w.: — mountain side, 
t&t nai-mayiuua, n.; also bit&^n; tayft 

nai-mayiima: — virgin; maiaen. 
tatne, v. tr.: also jafot: — to bury; to 

entomb: to inter, 
tatnero, n.; — calf, 
tatnon, r. i.: also tumatnon: — to 

recover; to amuse one's self, 
tatse, 71.; also t&tatae; jfjuna; bi- 
neno:— poison, 
tattamudo, n.; also oh&chalamcham:— 

stutterer; stammerer, 
t&ujan, n.; — inflammation; characterized 

by pain, redness, heat, and swelling. 
tayk, n.: also aero: — naught; zero. 
tay&, r. /.; also jailas: — to suffer want. 
tay&, adv.: — nothing; none. 
tay& nae, adv.: also nimano: — never; 

nowhere. 
tay& sebla: — there is nothing left, 
t&yog, n.: also tinftyog: — ^jump. 
t&v6giLe, V. {.: also gope: — to spring; to 

leap or bound. 
tivuyut, 17. tr.: also suplica (5p.):— to 

beg; to entreat; to pray. 



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techo 



228 



ti fijo jinasolla 



teeho, n.; — roof; top of the house, 
tecon, V. tr.; also baja; diloe: — to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down, 
tecon, V. i.: — to bow. 
tegchA, adj.y adv.; also jaffiag; C[u6f- 

taa6: nitoiaint&; inep&: — fniitiul; 

proline; fertile. 
tegchd, adj.: — carnivorous. 
tegpoiSif n..*— floor. 
teja, n.; also ladriyo: — tile; brick. 
telMono, n,;— telephone. 
teleerafta de radio, n.;— radioteleg- 

rapny; wireless telesraphy. 
tel6gralo, n.; — teleiirapn. 
tel^grazna, n.; — telegram. 
telipas goma para janum: — rubber 

hose for conveying water. 
teinperaturan-tan6: — climate. 
tempUty V. tr.:— to thin; to mix; to 

moderate, 
texnplao, adj.: — mixed; temperate. 
templansa, n.; — temperance. 
temple, n.; — temple. 
tenasa, n.: — tonLrtj; pincers; nippers. 
tenda(/r. Sp. tienda;, 77.; — store; saloon; 

tent, 
tendero, n.; — storekeeper. 
tened6t y leblo, n.; also tened6t de 

libro:— bookkeeper (leblo also uritUn 

lebblo). 
tened6t, n.: — fork. 
teneddt basula, n.; — pitchfork. 
tentagd, n.;— subject: one under the 

power or control of another; zuuchacho 

{Sp.): — servant; house boy. 
tentasidn, n.: — temptation. 
teog, adj.: — thick. 
t^sgUe, I', tr.: — to steal; to purloin. 
t^gile, r. tr.: also foiSgnd.: — to shorten; 

to damage; to cheat. 
tesna, n.; also asgon: potbos: — fo^; 

soot; dust; haze; firebrand. 
tesorero, n.: — treasurer. 
testamento, n.: — testament; will; com- 
pact. 
testigo, n.;— witness; jury. 
testiguye, v. i.: — to testify. 
testini6nio, n.; — testimony, 
tetmina, r. tr., v. i.;~to' terminate; to 

limit or bound; to be limited or ended. 
tetminao para ayo finat&ifla, also 

xnott6t; pipin6; yfyulcuSg, adj.: — 

fatal; mortal; causing death or destruc- 
tion, 
tetmino, n.: — word; expression; term; 

c6dad& na tiempo; periodo: — brief 

portion of time; period. 
tetni6inetro, n.; — thermometer, 
tetsiopelo (Sp.)j n.: — velvet. 
tia, n.: — aunt, 
ti abag, adj.: — not mistaken; also n&- 

cachalSg:: — to obscure; to darken, 
ti-abmam, adv.; also enseguidas 

gusl: — forthwith; immediately there- 

Ster; without delay; at once; shortly; 

soon; quickly, 
ti-abmaxn, aclj.: — recent; of late origin; 

new. 



ti-acomparayon. adj.: — incomparable; 
matchless; peerless. 

ti aaimoso, adj.: — discouraged; dis- 
heartened; n&-tftianixno: — to discour- 
age; to dishearten. 

ti anog, adj.; also xnan&nft: — latent; 
concealed; invisible. 

tfao, n.; — local name applied to a small, 
silvery fish, reeembliiu^ a small aatmo- 
nete; is a favorite food fish with a 
flavor like a smelt; used as bait in fish- 
ing for the taraquito (which see). 

ti apattayon, adj.; also ti fao&iyon; ti 
niamalacai : — ind i visible ; mamafa- 
caii^ndi visible . 

ti areglaoj adj.; also ejo£^ui; ti pot 
otden: — irregular; anomalous. 

ti aaiiyon, adj.: — inexcusable; unpardon- 
able. 

ti atanon, adj.y arfv. .-^horrid; dreadful; 
terrible; hideous. 

ti bfbubo, adj., adv.: — patient; fore- 
bearing. 

ti cabales, adj., adv.: — imperfect: in- 
complete; superficial; not tnorough. 

ti cajuld, V. i.: — to fail; to fall short; to be 
deficient; to decline; to turn out badly. 

ti ch&tao, adj.y adv.; also deainteresaa 
(Sp.) : — unselfiflh ; disinterested . 

ti chumfton, adj.; also ti corejiyon; 
ch&tcuento8 ti comprendiyon:— ii!- 
corrigible. 

ti comprendiyon, v. i.: — to gibber; to 
speak incoherently. 

ti contento, adj.; also lay 6: — discon- 
tented ; envious. 

ti d&dague, adj., adv.: — truthful. 

ti dinanche, adj., adv.; also gfiide- 
fee to: — incorrect; faulty. 

ti ebitayon, adj., adv.; also manda; 
obliga: — imperative; peremptory 
obligatory. 

tiempo, n.: — weather; time; period. 

y tiempo ni m&pos: — past; the time 
gone by. 

tiempon ayunat, n.; also cuareama: — 
fasting time; Lent; Shrovetide. 

tiempon mftipe, n.; also berano; fa- 
fiomnagan: — tropics; summer. 

tiempon maneiSg^feiSg:, n.; — winter. 

tienda y campa£^ n.: — tent. 

tienta. v. tr.; also chague; enaayo: — to 
try; to attempt. 

ti esplicayon, adj.; also ti nft clam- 
yon:— inexplicable. 

ti eatotbayon, adj., also me ton: — 
imperturbable; cool; calm. 

ti f&f&baba, adj., adv.; also Mt: — loyal; 
faithful in all^iance. 

ti f&fafiago, adj.; also ch6ttand; ti 
f&fanogch&: — barren; unfruitful. 

ti fajateg, adj., adv.; also f&tinason; 
posible {Sp.): — possible; practicable. 

ti fi^t, adj., adv.: — untrue; unfaithful; 
disloyal; perfidious. 

ti flio, adj.: — vague; indefinite; unsettled. 

ti nio jinasofla. (u/;.;— inconstant ; un- 
stable; changeable; variable. 



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ti flnftbaba 



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tin&ichli 



ti fln&baba, n.: also ti trinaidute: — 
all^iance; fidelity to a country, cauee, 
or person. 

ti grobietnayon, adj.: — unruly; turbu- 
lent; ungovernable. 

ti^u&euan, adj.; also barato: — cheap; 
purcnasable for a low price. 

ti gu&ilaye, adj.; also ti neses&rio; ti 
impottante: — immaterial ; unessential . 

ti euaiyayon, adj.j adv.; also chat- 
pa^: — hateful; disagreeable; repug- 
nant. 

ti gu^fjomjom, n.; also l6mlenit6otao; 
triniste: — gloom; melancholy; partial 
darkness. 

ti gu^tmunjayan, adj.; also ti caba- 
las: — incomplete; not fully finished or 
developed; imperfect. 

ti iguiyon, adj., adv.; also tatnai- 
magtus: tin&iminagtos: — endless; 
infinite; limitless. 

ti jasuyon, adj.: — unaccountable for. 

ti jatraidute, adj.; also ti traiddt; 
fl6t:— faithful; true; loyal. 

ti JeiSg^gue, adj.; also ti man joiS^e: — 
ungwily; unbeliexang; wicked; infidel. 

ti jeras, n.: — scissors; rafters. 

ti jeras gumft, n.;— rafters; inclined 
beam or bamboo M)d, supporting the 
roof of the house. 

ti, jfjocog, adj.; also t&ijinecog: — 
eternal. 

ti Jon^guiyon, adj.: — incredible. 

ti jumton, adj.; also ti aliacon: — 
invincible; unconquerable. 

ti laje ni ti pal&uan: — ^neuter; of neither 
sex. 

ti UUache, adj., adv.; also estricto: — 
accurate; precise; exact; strict. 

ti liion, aaj.f adv.; also ti ^^ftunguon: 
ti jasuyon; ti reconosiyon: caii& ti 
comprendiyon: — imperceptiole; not 
easily apprehended by the mind; 
invisible. 

ti lllisto, adj.; also desprebenido: — not 
ready; unprepared. 

tilipas, n.: — intestines; bowels. 

ti ma&iifcoco, adj.: — distrusted; doubted; 
suspected. 

ti xnagajety adj., adv.; also fatso: — un- 
real; not genuine; false; fantastic; 
grotesque; odd. 

ti m&gas, adj.; also znatagd; y suni&- 
saga gui papft otro; t&gpap&: — 
inferior; lower; subordinate. 

ti magof, acfj. .---disappointed; thwarted; 
frustrated; disgusted. 

ti xuagof, adj., adv.: — gloomy; cheerless: 
morose. 

ti magof t&taotaoy adj., adv.: — dizzy; 
giddy. 

ti ma goi&iya, adj.; also ma chfttlii; 
n&^mas&:— odious; unpopular; offen- 
sive. 

ti majijagft, arf;., arfr.;— unbloody. 

ti majai£|:on, adj., adv.: — casually; 
accidentalTv. 



ti malagde, v. tr.; also 6p:uaguat; 
opone; resiste (Sp.): — to disagree; to 
contradict; to quarrel; to dispute; to 
struggle. 

tlmalafi^, adj.; also l&l&:-~hale; sound 
bodily; healthy. 

ti in&xxiajfLao, adj., adv.; also matatiSg^a; 
mamftlaje: — manly; courageous; reso- 
lute. 

ti manftnartfea, adj., adv.; also naturat; 
ti ma n^nalfg^ga: — natural; acci- 
dental; by nature. 

ti manan^g:a, arf;.:-- casual; accidental. 

ti man-aa^oco, v. %.: — to despair; to 
abandon all hope. 

ti mafii^fiiente, adj.:— nnmh; torpid; 
deprived of sensation. 

ti man-jol^^e, adj.: — wicked; un- 
godly; unbehevinor; infidel. 

ti manmerese, adj.: — unworthy; unde- 
serving. 

ti manlS|^6y adj., adv.: — unsavory; 
tasteless. 

ti manjSgui, n.; also tin&iminaiu^ue: — 
distaste; aversion of the palate; aislike; 
disinclination. 

ti manparejo, adj.; also m^gae: — 
several; more than two; various; 
different. 

ti m€tog, adj.; also gust-jocog: — transi- 
tory; fleeting. 

ti mapot, adj.: — easy; not difficult. 

ti masa, adj.; also mat&: — raw; un- 
cooked; crude; sore. 

ti ma tetmina, adj.; also ti ma nft fijo; 
ti ma n^ fljo: — Indeterminate; not pre- 
cise; not fixed; indefinite. 

ti m&uleg, adj., adv.; also baba; mafiet- 
not: — ^iJl; bad or evil; sick; diseased; 
not good; not well. 

ti mesd&on, adj.; also macat matafia: — 
grumbling; peevish. 

ti me ton jinasofia, adj.: — unsteady; 
unstable; unreliable. 

timinalag6, n.: — objection; adverse 
reason. 

timdn, n.; — ^helm; rudder. 

timonero, n.; also patr6n gal&idd; 
piloto:— steersman; boatswain. 

timunog tilipas, n.: — rupture. 

tinadoi^ {also wriUen ti nadufig), n.: — 
depth. 

tiniemauleg, n,; also malfaia; 
jiTiastfgfune: — malice; deliberate mis- 
chief. 

tinagdp, n.: — cut. 

tinag6, n.; also misi6n {Sj>.); otden; 
finftm&ule^; regla: — mission; order; 
command; injunction; rule. 

tinagpa£^e; n.: — ^baptism. 

tinfiiboluntad, n.; also tin&iminagof : — 
ill will; vexation; anger. 

tinllichi, n.; also tin&ijinecog: — eter- 
nity. 

tin&ichii, v. tr.; also subi; jatsa mas: — 
to enhance; to advance; to raise in 
esteem; to heighten in price or value. 



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timiidaoon 



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ti tiJUtf 



tinlUdacon, n.; also tinfiidinaque: — 

tnithfulnesfl. 
tin&ifondo, n.; alto sasalaguan; in- 

fietno (i5p.)'— hell; abyss; guH. 
ti n&lmalofan, adj.; also ti fanf&puMui; 

t&iflnafon: — impassable; not admit- 
ting poaBB^e. 
tinAi^e, n.; — absence, 
tio&i-jinaso, n.; also tinfiitinilSgd:— 

ignorance. 
tinfiipeligro,n.; also ainegriiro:— safety; 

freedom from danger, 
tin&isetbe (also tinaisetbi), n.; — dis- 
ability; incapacity, 
tin&it^y n.: — prayer, 
tin&itai jin alum:— silent (inward) 

prayer, 
tinaja, n.; — old earthen crock or pitcher; 

tub; pot. 
tinajan janum, n.; also sagan Januzn: — 

water reservoir, 
tinald, adj.; also tald:— central, 
ti nftmalatfj^, adj.: — sanitary; h}^gienic. 
tinand, n.; — consolation; occupation, 
tina^^, n.: — deafness, 
tina^a, n.: — wish; craving; desire; 

longing, 
ti nangayun, adj.; also calan ti maga- 

jet: — ^improbable; unlikely; not to be 

expected, 
tinanum, n.;— plantation; field, 
tinanum ubas^ n.;— \ineyard; hill 

planted with vines, 
tina para umdtnae, n.; also fa<io- 

magan; banc (i^p.):— bathtub. 
tinaqud, arf/.:— rusty; covered with rust. 
tinaaa, n.: — pliers;' small pincers for 

holding small articles. 
y tinat^fia, adv.; also tersera {Sp.):— 

third: next following, 
tinegchft, n.;— berry, 
tinemba, n.; also tinfgU&: — depression; 

low spirits. 
tinempla, n.; — moderation, 
tinemtoiiy n.; — talent j mental capacity, 
ti iSg^aHg^on, adj.: — indigestible, 
tiziienta, n.; also tentaaidn: — tempta- 
tion. 
tinifog, n.; also finilaff: — ^webbing; a 

narrow woven fabric of cotton or flax; 

basket work, or braided work, 
tinifo^ gapunulo yan lana: — felt; a 

fabric composed of wool and hair 

pressed together; tijoiSg^ castod: — ^felt 

hat. 
tinifolS^, n.; aUto cuenta; lisajo:— 

accounting. 
tinigui-c&nai (or tinigud-c&nae), n..— 

handwriting. 
tinil&ica, n.; also yinilatig: — alteration; 

mutation; variation, 
tinina, n.; a^bendlsion (Sp.): — praise; 



tininas, n.;— honesty; probity; justifica- 
tion. 

tixii^gdy n.; also min^jnalom or min^j- 
naluzu: — sapience; wisdcm; knowledge. 



tiBinon-somnap, adj.; also atag4; dA- 
goa: — sunburned; red. 

timto or tinitu, n.;— shelled rice; 
pounded coffee. 

y tinitulon, n..*— germ; the rudimentarv 
form of organism; also semiya:— eee<f. 

tinta, n.; — ^ink. 

tintero, n..* — inkstand. 

^o, n.: — uncle. 

tipadog, adj.: — ^thrifty; easily filled; 
fLaJltdatfg: — light. 

ti parayon janonfia, adj.; also ti 
puntion: — inextinguishable. 

ti pare jo, v. i.: — to differ; to be dis- 
similar; to disagree. 

ti preparao, adj.; also deaprebenido:— 
unprepared; not ready. 

ti pr6pio, adj.y adv.; also ti gu^fgiiiva; 
ti dmanohe:— improper; not suitable 
for the purpose; erroneous. 

tirrf, V. tr., V. i.; also paque:— to shoot. 

tirano, ai?;.:— onerous; burdensome; 
weighty; oppressive. 

tirante, n. — suspenders. 

tiraraflas, n.: — cobwebs. 

tiro, n.;— shot. 

ti flaaacan^ adj.^ adv.; also mat&; cfa&t- 
masa: — ^immature; not ripe; crude. 

ti aeguro, adj., adv.; also ti magajet; 
timatui^:6: — unsafe; insecure. 

ti aeso, iwy., adv.: — extraordinary; re- 
markable; rare; eminent; special. 

tiso, adj., adv.; also potfLao; fitme:— 
inflexible; rigid; stiff; unbending. 

tiso na pulo, n..-— stiff hair; bristle. 

ti auznma, v. tr.; also diAtaaga; ti 
cap&s; tum&ifuetaa: — to incapaci- 
tate: to render unfit or incapable; to 
disable. 

ti aumifia, n.; also chin&taaga: — ^in- 
convenience; unfitness; troublesome- 
ness; disadvantage. 

ti 8u£|:unon, adi.; also ti aguanta- 
yon: — intolerable; unbearable. 

ti tac&on, adj.; also chomchom; ti 
latmiyon; ti tu^^on: — ^impenetra- 
ble. 

tftanos, n.; — brain; reason; marrow. 

titegy V. tr.; also sise: — to rip; to tear. 

tftienta, n.; — tempter. 

ti tinac&, adj.; also ti inanac&; ti 
naJolS^: — ^insuflScient ; inadequate; 
short. 

tftires, n.; also buf6n:— buffoon. 

titiyaa, n.: — pancakes; corn cakes. 

tftogchft, n.: — sting 6of a bee). 

ti tratuaan, adj.; cuso rebetde; ata^ 
tag; Aguaguat: — stubborn; obsti- 
nate; dogged; stiff necked. 

tftuc&, n.; — thistle; thorn. 

tftufog, n.; — weaver. 

ti tufufigon, adj.: — countless. 

tftu^ui, 71.; aiso eaorebiente (Sp.):-— 
writer; clerk. 

ti tul&icayon, adj.: — unchangeable; un- 
alterable; immutable. 

ti tunas, adj., adv.: — indirect; not 
straight. 



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ti t«£i^on na minagajet 



231 



traslada 



ti todgfton na minsgajet:— secret. 

ti yamaoon, adj., adv,; auo ti yula£^n; 
ti rematayon: — ^indestructible; not 
capable of being destroyed. 

ti yayayaa, cm/;. .--indefatigable. 

ti y6daje, n.; alto impruddnaia (Sp.); 
arebatao: — ^imprudence; carelessness 
of consequences. 

ti y6da1e, adj,, adv.; also axebatao; 
deacmdao: — reckless; heedless of con- 
sequences; careless; imprudent; loiter- 
ing; remiss; negligent; slack; slovenly; 
tarrying. 

t6a, adj.; also saoan; masa: — ^ripe; 
mature; ready for harvest. 

toaya, n.; — towel. 

tdcno]%, V. %.: — to knot; to make a knot. 

tdcholig, n.: — ^knot. 

todo {Sp.)y n.: — sumj everything. 

todo (Sp.), pron.y adj.: — all; entu«. 

Todojanftsifia, n.; — Almighty; the om- 
nipotent God. 

todos man gulgtiigroja I xrUerj.: — all to- 
gether! 

togcha, V. tr.: — to ram; to stick; to stab. 

togpof^, n.: — handle. 

togitog, n.: — ^hu|[; close embrace. 

togtog dure, V. %.: — to cling; to hold fast. 

tdje, V. %.; also tuJA: — to dnp. 

toigue, V. i.: — to etand; to be erect . 

tolne. V. tr.: — to support; to stem; to prop 
firmly against. 

tdla, n.; also in&placha: — refuse; excre- 
ment. 

tdla, V. i.: — to spit out; to spew forth; to 
vomit. 

tdlaiSg^, n.; also piotna:— bone. 

tdlaiSI: caderas, n.;— hip bone. 

tdlal^espinasoy n.: — vertebra. 

tdla^-quiadaa, n.: — ^jawbone; cheek 
bone. 

tolompo, n.; — top; to v. 

tolompo, i;. i.: — to play; to play with a 
top. 

tomatea, n.; — tomatoes. 

tomates agftga, n.: also atgayaa; 
guasBJ^: — tonsils. 

tomo, n.: — volume. 

tomo, n.: — knee. 

toznon canai, n.; also code: — elbow; 
yard (measure). 

tompd, n.; — trip; stumble. 

tomtom, adj.y adv.; also faye; miti- 
tanoa; sabio: — wise; prudent; saga- 
cious; sly; crafty; learned; sensible. 

tomtom gui tixii£^, adj.y adv.; also 
m^Jncdom: — scientific; skillful ; skilled 
in science. 

tonada, n.; also tono: — tune; short 
musical composition; tone. 

to£g:jo, n.: — neck; nape. 

to£§to£g, v. Ir.; also sfiHg; panag: — 
to strike; to thrust. 

tonto. adj.; also b&baba: — silly; stupid; 
thick headed. 

toque n.: — stroke of the bell. 

tore, n.: — tower. 



torete, n./ also nobiyito: — steer; young 
male ox. 

toriyo (torillo), n.: — a curious small fish 
with hard plates covering the body; has 
two frontal spines resembling the horns 
of an ox, therefore the common name; 
has two posterior spines. 

toro, n.; — ^bull. 

toron-benado, n.; — stag; the male of the 
deer. 

toaino, n.; also catnen b&bui: — pork. 

toata, n.; — toast; bread scorched over the 
fire. 

toata, adj.; also doglSj^: — burned; dry; 
barren. 

totche, V. tr.: — to splice; to unite two 
ropes. 

totmento, n.; — torment; anguish* pain. 

totfig^ue, V. tr.: — to light; to light the 
fire; to feed the fire; to leed the passions. 

totniyo, n.: — screw. 

totno, n.: — lathe. 

totno, V. tr.: — to turn on a lathe. 

tdtd, V. tr.: — to pick the leaves off by 
hand. 

to to, V. tr.; also yabau; yibao: — to root 
out; to grub up; to clear; to break down 
the withered branches of a plam tree. 

totot, n.: — turtledove. 

to- tot, n.: — local name for the rose- 
crowned fruit dove. 

totpe, adj.f adv.; also deapresiable: — 
insulting; abusive; dis^ceful; dis- 
solute; debauched; stupid. 

to^e, n.; — collision. 

tot^e, V. tr.; also chanda: — to nudge; to 
touch gently. 

totpedo, n.: — torpedo. 

toyo, V. i.; also pateg:— to wince; to 
shrink; to kick. 

traban chachag, n.: — saw set (for set- 
ting teeth of saws). 

trabia, adv.: — not yet; yet; still; in 
addition. 

traduae, v. tr.; also esplica^e; na- 
claruye^ aatffcaniye: — to interpret; 
to explain: to translate. 

traid6t, adj.; also fafababa:— faith- 
less; unfaithful; treacherous. 

traid6t, n.: — traitor. 

traidute, v. tr.; also fababa; failaj- 
ye: — to betray; to be untrue to. 

trai8i6n, n.; also flnababa; inacacha; 
engaflo : — imposition ; trick ; fraud ; 
deception. 

traje, n.: — frock; garment. 

trampas, n.; — trick; lie; swindle. 

trampoao, n.; also palacha; chegia; 
fafababa: — swindler; rogue. 

trcoica, V. tr.; also aeuft; trafigca: — to 
bar; to bolt the door; agua, v. tr., 
V. %.: — to take a long step; to step over. 

tranca,n.; — gate; gateway; entrance. 

trancan potta, n.: — latch; door catch. 

tranquilo, adj.: — tranquil; quiet; peace- 
ful. 

trapiche, n.: — sugar mill. 

traslada, n.: — ^removal; transfer. 



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traslada, v. tr.: — to translate; to render 
from one language into another; to 
transfer; to remove. 

trasplanta, v. (r.;— to transplant; to 
transmit; to propagate. 

traspotta, v. tr.: — to transport; to carry 
from one place to another. 

trasquila, v. tr.; alto d4sai; utot: — to 
shear; to shave; to cut off. 

traates biaje, n.: — traveling necessities. 

trastes guera, n.; also atmadora 
(Sp.): — armament; military equip- 
ment. 

trastes jaluzn gamA, n..* — furniture. 

trata, v. tr.; also n&-Juyiu5^e: — to 
treat; to handle or manage in a particu- 
lar manner; to entertain with food and 
drink without cost to the guests. 

trates, n.; — implement; tool; utensil. 

trates gamA, n.;— house furnishing. 

tratos, 17. %.: — to traffic; to hold inter- 
course. 

tratos, n.: — proceedings; relations. 

tratos pot com^tsio, v. tr.: — to nego- 
tiate. 

treinta. adj.: — thirty. 

tres, adj.: — three. 

trese, adj.: — thirteen. 

tresientos {or tres-sientos), adj.: — 
three hundred. 

triangolOy n.; — triangle. 

tribun&t, n.; — court; tribunal (Jr. Sp.). 

tributo todo, n.; also impuesto; 
catga: — duty; tax; delivery. 

trigo, n.." — wheat; grain. 

trinaidot, n.: — treason; trick; treachery; 
faithlessness. 

trinaidute, n.;— treason. 

trinamposo, n.; — swindling; cheating; 
knavery. 

trinchera, n.; — trench; ditch; excava- 
tion. 

Trinididy n.; — Holy Trinity. 

trfreste, adj.: — very sorrowful; grieving. 

triste, adj.: — sorrowful; downcast; sad; 
grievous; deplorable; calamitous. 

trompeta (Sp), n.; also cotneta: — 
trumpet; tromoone; comet; bugle. 

trot^o, n.; also ba-tU: — trunk; stem; 
tree; stump of a tree; piece; trofigcon- 
bejuco: — climbing palm. 

trot^on famflia, n.: — family lineage. 

trotlgcon lanum, n.; also znatan 
januxn: — fount; fountain or spring. 

tro^^con jayo, n.: — tree trunk. 

troiSgcon-niyog, n.; — coco palm. 

trono, n.: — tnrone. 

tronp6n, n.; also inaquijom: — ^fiat. 

tropa, n.; — troop; army. 

troson Jayo, n.: — log; an undressed piece 
of timber. 

troson lamlam, n.: — thunderbolt; a 
shaft of lightning. 

tuba, n.; — ^palm wine; coco juice; sour 
toddy. 

tuban candety n.; alio pantaya: — lamp 
shade. 



tubatuba, n.: — ^\'emacular name for the 
physic nut; an evergreen shrub very 
much used for hedges and fences; the 
juice of the plant is applied to wounds, 
as it prevents bleeding by forming a 
film like that of collodion. 

tube, n.; — tube; cylinder. 

tubon plao, n.; also rJiigandd plao 
(also written pfau): — reed pipe; bam- 
boo pipe. 

tuc4, V. tr.: — to tease; to banter; to vex; 
to prick; to penetrate (ex., thorn); to 
urge on. 

tuc4, n.; also ninAjaso: — mention; hint; 
brief mention. 

tuchd, V. tr.: — to gulp down; to consume. 

tufog, V. tr.: — ^to weave. 

tufoiSgr, V. tr.; also cuenta (Sp.): — to 
count; to figure. 

tugolO;, I . tr.; also joiid: — to charge; to 
attack; to take hold of; to prese (a cork 
into a bottle) ; to cleave a way throu^. 

ttS^iUt, V. tr.: — to pull down; to throw 
over. 

tugud; tugui; man^d; mang^ol, 
V. tr., V. %.: — to write. 

tujolSg, n.; also castot (Sp.); bonete; 
gora: — hat; bonnet. 

tujus, V. tr.; also bula; jaspog:— to 
satiate. 

tulfiica, V. tr.; also tulAica:— to ex- 
change; to trade; to change; to bring 
from one place to another. 

tulis&n, n.; also bandolero:— bandit. 

tumacho, adj.: — upright; vertical. 

tumada, n.; — dose; quantity of medi- 
cine to be taken at one time. 

tmn&lo, r. %.; also m&Jllau; n&nftlo:— 
to return; to come back again to the 
same place or state; to refrain from an 
action. 

tum&tate, (Mfi.; — subsequently; later. 

tumattamudo, v. i.: — ^to stutter; to 
stammer. 

tumay^, v. tr., v. i.: — ^to dispense with; 
to spare; to do without. 

tumo, V. tr.: — ^to tan leader; to dye. 

tuni61a, v.i.: — to expectorate; to spit. 

tunxu, V. tr.: — to dye; to stain; to color. 

tumunoff, V. i.: — to descend; to pass 
from a higher to a lower position. 

tumunog tilipas, adj.; ti mtlmumo; also 
nutr&t; indiferente (5/).):— neutral; 
unbiased; indifferent. 

tuna, V. tr.; also fft-andl: — to praise; to 
honor; to approve; to compliment; to 
congratulate; to flatter; to fawn on; to 
wheedle. 

tunan-m&isa, v. i.: — to boast; to praise 
one's self. 

tunas, adj., adv.; also justo:— just; 
straight; nght; lawful; honest; equi- 
table; impartial. 

tunas juld an pap&: — erect; upright. 

tunas na tini£fr6, n.; also quinette- 
sano; minauleg: — morality; ethics; 
virtue. 

tunayon, (w/;.;— praiseworthy. 



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tu£go, V. %.: also coznprende (5p.):— to 

understand; to comprehend; iid,-s&o- 

nao, V. tr.: — to bring along, 
ta^iioii, adj.; also coxnprendiyon: — 

intelligible; comprehensible, 
ttinico, n.; also &bito: — garment; habit. 
tunog:, I', i.: — to step down. 
tupacy n.; — fishing line, 
tupat or tupag, n.: — sling. 
tupo, n.; also pose; asiento: — well, 
tupo, n.; also cafLa dulse: — sugar cane. 
ttitbio, n.: — ^haze; slight fog or mist, 
ttitbio, adj.; also jomjom: — foggy; misty; 

cloudy. 



tuto, V. tr.:—io trample. 

tutu, r. tr.; also julati—to beat; to 

pound. 
tutU) V. tr.; also molino; ^uleg: — to 

grind; to pulverize or reduce to powder 

by friction. 
tutujon, n.: — origin; b^inning; source; 

cause: derivation. 
tutajon, r. tr., t. i.: — to commence; to 

begin; to start; to initiate; to use for the 

first time, 
tuyan, n.; also estdmago (Sp.): — 

stomach; belly; abdomen. 



u. 



ubas, n.; — grapes. 

uchaga laje, n.; pig& palaye: — local 

name for the spike ruan, a glabrous, 

leafless sedge, 
uchan, n.; — rain; nft-uchan, v. i.;-— to 

rain; to fall in drops from the clouds. 
uc6, V. tr.; — to hum (ex., to hum a song). 
udo, adj.f adv.: — dumb; mute; silent; 

speechless. 
ulft, n.; — looking-glass tree; its wood is 

durable, hard, and tough; is used for 

spokes of wheels, knees of boats, and 

especially for plows. 
XLgA, V. tr.: — to flatter; to receive amiably, 
uguis, adj.; also graniso: — gray. 
ug<ip&a amariyo, n.; — a short, flat fish 

with a blunt head; of yellow color, with 

blue ring around the eye; has yellow 

fins, witn a marginal line of bluish 

black, 
ulen, V. tr.; also ulMg: — to steer; to direct 

a vessel with the helm, 
ulo, n.;— head. 

ultl, n.; also vltL ab&baiSg: — caterpillar. 
\un-&; UZU&, adv.: — together; opposite 

each other. 
unUUitog, adj., adv.; also gu^fsaga; 

m&ipe; mafnot: — snug; concealed; 

compact; warm, 
um&canad, n.; also in&camd; casami- 

ento: — marriage j wedlock; wedding. 
um&chcdeua, adj., adv.; also calan 

pumarirejo; aparente (Sp.): — seem- 
ing; apparent. 
unii,chaigua, v. %.: — ^to compete; to enter 

into competition, 
um&cheton, v. tr.: — to join; to unite; to 

connect, 
um&cheton, adj.:— closely connected 

with each other, 
umachuli, adj., adv.; also umanogchft: — 

mutual; reciprocal. 
um&chult, adj.; also chinf chili: — resem- 
bling; looking alike, 
um&contrata, v. tr.: — to engage; to bind 

by contract. 
um&despatta, adv.; also majlog: — 

asunder. 
uzn&disepatta, v. %.; also famocat: — to 

depart; to move; to leave. 



ozn&f&baba, v.: — to cheat each other. 
umaeal^, v. i.: — to exclaim; to cry out; 

to snout suddenly. 
uxn&gaiSg m&niatai, n.;— outcry ; 

clamor; tumult, 
um-agonias, v. i: — .to be in the last 

throes of death. 
um&guaguat, n.: — quarrel; contention, 
um&ffiiesgttes, n.; — friction; the act of 

rubbing; attrition. 
uzu&jdye, V. tr., v. i.; also contrata: — to 

enter into an agreement; to close a 

contract, 
uznandi, r. i.: — to play the dandy, 
uznanid&d, n.; — ^humanity; humane, 
uznapayune, adj.; also gu^fuma- 

tol£g:d: — ^familiar; well acquainted or 

intimate; affable. 
uzn6sagua, v. tr., v. %.; also &sagua: — 

to marry; to wed; to take to wife or 

husband, 
um&saguan malago, r. i.: — to elope; to 

run away, 
umasd, v'. %.; also xnd.£^g; ninft asd; 

inilSS^ag: — to sag; to sink down; to 

>'iela. 
um&tand, n.; also coiibetBasi6n {Sp.) : — 

entertainment; conversation. 
uza4tattiye, adj.: — successive; con- 
secutive; following each other. 
uxnatog, V. i.; also malagon um&a- 

tog: — to sneak; to creep or steal away 

privately or meanly. 
um&totpe, r. tr.: — to collide; to knock 

together. 
um&-trato8, v. i.: — to come to an under- 
standing, 
um&tugong;, V. tr.: — to encounter; to 

come upon suddenly. 
iLm&tu£gd, r. i.: — to' agree, 
uznaya, adj.; also pr6pio; chumi- 

loi^: — ^becoming; seemly, 
umaya, v. tr.: — to be alike; to happen 

simultaneously, 
iiznaya, adj., adv.; also xnagajet; ca- 

bales.* — accurate; exact, 
um&yutl, V. tr.; also debtitsia: — to di- 
vorce; to dissolve marriage contract by 

legal authority. 



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uindoaoat, adv.; also cumicajat; uin6^ 

cajat: — gingerly; cautiously; daintily, 
umdchino, v. %.; also um^gagao: — to 

play the mendicant. 
J um^egft, n.; alsoj xnanlllii or man- 

lllid: — spectator; beholder, 
tun^'gagau, v. %.: — to beg; to ask alms. 
y uxn6eagau limosna: — one who aeks 

alms; oeggar. 
ii2ntetald, V. i.; also entaltle; atrope- 

ya; mete: — to interfere; to oppose; 

to meddle, 
umeacapa, v. i.; also falagu&ijon; 

p6chao; malago: — to steal away; to 

escape; to slip away; to scamper; to 

hasten away, 
um^salau, n.; also ^salau; ^aalao: — 

yelling; clamor; shouting. 
tiznido, adj.; also &pagon: fotgon; 

xnag^en: — moist; humid; damp (pre- 
venting an object from bumine). 
uznisao, v. %.; also uznechong;: — to sin; to 

wUfully trespass or trand^rees. 
umitd&t, n.; also inimitde:— humility, 
umitde, adj.y adv.; also oseon: — meek; 

gentle; submissive; humble; yielding, 
umiya, v. tr., v. i.: — to humiliate; to 

humble one's pelf. 
amog. n.; — yard grass; a tufted grass with 

flat leaves; common in Guam, growing 

in sandy places. . 
umudo, V. %.: — to become silent; to grow 

dumb. 
umugongy V. i.:—to groan; to lament. 



UnBiy n.: — sand. 

tinico, adj.y adv.; also aumAJtigue; 
m&maisa jA: — singular; unique. 

unifotme, n.: — uniform. 

unj&nao I iTi/er;.;— begone! go away ! 

uno, adv.: — one; single in number.' 

tinoi&, adj.y adv.; aUo mimaiaa: — single; 
sole; solitary; isolated; only one. 

up08, V. tr.: — to exceed; to surpase; to 
excel. 

apA, i^. tr.; also fipung: — ^to take oB the 
top. 

upuB, adj.: — past; gone by; completed. 

usa, V. tr.: — to .Ufle; to employ; to make 
use of. 

usao; ma^usa: — used; worn; Jocdg: — 
used up. 

use, n.; — wear; use. 

U8UII, V. i.; also ap6; aaun: — ^to lie; to rest 
in a recumbent position. 

UBune, V. i.; also 8i8i^iii]&: — to persiBt; to 
continue steadily m any course com- 
menced. 

utaa, V. X.: — to careen; to lean over to one 
side (ex.y a ship). 

tittimo, adj.: — ultimate; utmost; farthest; 
extreme; final. 

Uttimo, adv.: — ^lastly; in the last place. 

tittimo, n.; also flnagpd: — end. 

uttimon minagof, n.; — ^rapture; ex- 
treme pleasure or delight. 

utut, V. tr.y V. i.: — to cut; to fell; to cut off . 

ti-uchan: — raining. 

ayu: — a certain person. 



Y. 



y&balag, v. tr.: — to tear into pieces. 
y&bau, V. tr.: — to reap; to out with a 

scythe, 
yabe, n.: — key; crossbeam. 
yac&, V. tr.; also yalac^; bate: — to 

knead; to crumple up; to shuffle the 

cards, 
yaeuin, conj.; — when; whenever. 
yajo: — I like; I love, 
yftjo, V. tr.; also fagmata:— to wake up; 

to awake. 
yajtUold, adv.; also mdna: — above allj 

at first; for the present. 
yajtiluld, n.: — top; the highest part; 

upper side, 
yalibaoy v. tr.y v. i.: — to swing; to wave; 

to brandish. 
yamag, v. tr.: — to fracture; to shatter; 

to break into pieces, 
yamo: — you like; you love (sing.). 
yan, adv.: — along; along with. 
yan, conj.: — and. 
yan, prep.: — against. 
yanguin, conj.: — ^if; on the condition; 

supposinjj that; whether; although. 
yafia: — ^he likes; he loves, 
yan-miyo, or yan-miyu: — you like; 

you love (plur.). 
yano, adj.y adv.: — level; plain; smooth; 

even. 



yaa-fiija: — they like; they love. 

yanta, n.: — tire (of the wheel). 

yanto, n.: — wail; lament; moan. 

yap&pap&, n.; also basa; fondo:— base; 
foundation. 

yaya, i'. tr.y v. i.; also quebranta: — to 
shatter; to damage; to break into pieces. 

yay&guag, n.; — vernacular name for the 
edible-nest swift, which in Guam 
makes nesta of leaves stuck together 
with a secretion from the mouth very 
different from the typical nests uaecl 
for food by the Chinese; swallow. 

yayas, i' . i.: — to be weary; to be fatigued ; 
to be tired. 

yayas, ac/j.; — tired; weary; fatigued. 

yedra, n.; — ivy. 

yegua, n.: — mare. 

yelmon, n.; — helmet. 

yema, n.: — yolk of an egg. 

yeiSjgyonj^f n.; also Unau; yin6£g- 
yo^: — quake; earthquake. 

yes]g:-yo£g, v. tr.; also chalauchau:— to 
stir; to move to emotion; to shake; to 
vibrate; to move back and forth. 

yeno, adj.:— replete; completely filled; 
full. 

yeso, n.: — plaster; chalk. 

yetna, n.;—- daught«r-in-law. 

yetno, n.; — son-m-law. 



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yinalacft, n.; — mutation; variaticn. 

yin&uyau, n.: — din; deafening noise; 
crash. 

yindasd, n.: — charity. 

yinemog, n.; — vengeance; revenge; ret- 
ribution. 

yinengyo^g:, n.: — movement; motion. 

yinilang, n.; — devastation caused by a 
8torm. 

yiniti, n.: — divorce. 

yiniusan, adj.: — solemn; serious; de- 
vout. 

yo, pron.; also guajo: — I; yd; yii: — 
me. 

yoaae^ adj., adv.: — kind-hearted; be- 
nign; gracious; good; humane; kind; 
sympadietic; compassionate; merci- 
ful; charitable. 

y6daje, adj.: — sparing; frugal; abstemi- 
ous; solicitous; careful; needfxil. 



y6gua, r. fr.: — to discard. 

ydmajlo, adj., adv.; also machaleg: — 

shy; timid; shunning approach, 
yomog, adi.; also yomsan: — fat; corpu- 
lent; fleshy; stout. 
yugt), n.; — yoke. 
yiilaiSg:, V. ir.;-pto break: to annihilate; 

to spoil; to ruin; to destroy, 
yuma, v. fr.;— to touch; to perceive by 

feeling, 
yii^^ue, n.: — anvil, 
yutlfiaijon, v. tr.: — to fling; to throw or 

hurl, 
yutiy V. tr.: — to cast away; to repudiate; 

to throw, 
yuti, V. tr.: — to throw, 
yuti pap&. V, tr.: — to d^rade; to lower 

physically or morally. 
"Ytlufl, n.;--God; the Lord 



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