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u 



U 







THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, 



INCLUDING 



CEYLON AND BURMA 



Published under the authority of the Secretary of 
State for India in Council. 

edited by w. t. blanford. 



MOTHS.-Vol. II 



G. F. HAMPSON. 




LOND ON: 

TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



CALCUTTA : 

THACKER, SPINK, & CO. 



BOMBAY: 
THACKEK & CO., LIMITED. 



BERLIN : 
R. FRIEDLANDER & SOHN, 11 CARLSTRASSE. 

1895. 



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PRINTED BY TATIOE AND PEA N CIS, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



PREFACE. 



In the present volume the two remaining subfamilies of the 
Noctuida, the Focillince and Deltoidina, are described. The 
latter consists of slenderly built, semidiurnal, grass-frequenting 
forms which show far greater diversity of structure in both 
generic and secondary sexual characters than the other groups 
of the Noctuidce. It exhibits a gradual development from 
forms with straight palpi fringed with hair above, such as 
Hypena, which is closely allied to the Sarrothripince and to 
the ancestors of the Noctuidce and Nolince, through forms 
with oblique palpi, to a group possessing palpi of an extremely 
curved sickle-shaped type : from this group arose the stouter 
built more typically Noctuiform and nocturnal Focillince 
and Quadrifince. 

The Epicopiidce, Uraniidce, Epiplemidce, and Geometridce 
belong to the group of families in which vein 5 of the fore 
wing arises from the middle of the discocellulars. The first 
three are closely allied and might perhaps be regarded as 
subdivisions of one family, the Uraniidce, which is most nearly 
related to the Bombycidce and Saturniidce , some early form of 
the same stock having also given rise to the Geometridce and 
Notodontidce. 

In the Geometridce Mr. Meyrick's excellent division into 
subfamilies has been followed, and his classification will almost 
certainly remain as the basis of any future work on the 
subject. His definitions of the European genera also are 
found to hold to a great extent for Indian forms, but least so 
in the Boarmiince, which is far the most difficult subfamily to 
classify, owing to the great diversity of structure that is found 
in closely allied forms and to a large amount of individual 
variation. It will require a considerably extended study, 
embracing the forms of all the zoological regions, before a 
really permanent classification can be arrived at. 

The Orthostiocince and (Enochromince contain the most 
primitive forms in the family ; the former has vein 8 of the 
hind wing connected with the celi by a bar near the base, the 
remains of one of the lost subcostals. From the Orthostiocince 
have arisen (1) the Acidaliince and Geometrince, by vein 8 of 

«2 



IV PEEEACE. 

the hind wing becoming widely separated from the cell except 
near the base ; (2) the Larentiince, by the bar migrating to 
near the end of the cell, or by vein 8 anastomosing with the 
cell to near its end ; (3) the Boarmiince, by vein 5 of the hind 
wing becoming aborted, vein 8 being free or retaining the 
bar in the lowest forms, such as Abraxas and its allies. 

In the original scheme of the work it was estimated that 
it would be possible to include most of the subfamilies of 
the Pyralidce within the limits of the third volume, but the 
great activity that has prevailed among students of Indian 
Moths and the large number of species that have been 
described during the four years that the volumes have been 
in preparation have made this impossible. The publication, 
however, of M. Ragonot's first volume on the P/iycitince, a 
group of Moths that, owing to the ravages committed by 
many of the species among forest-trees, corn, cotton, tobacco, 
&c, is of more economic importance than any other, except 
perhaps the silk-producing Bombycidce and Saturniidce, and 
the approaching completion of his second volume, which 
will include the Galleriince, have made it possible to study 
the subject as a whole. Thus the postponement of the 
Pyralida is hardly to be regretted if at some future time 
a fourth volume is sanctioned containing the whole of 
that family and also an Appendix bringing the rest of the 
work up to date. This would complete the subject down 
to the families for which Lord Walsingham has the whole 
of the material in course of preparation for publication. 

I have to thank Dr. O. Staudinger for his courtesy in 
sending me the types of all the species described by Mr. Moore 
from the Atkinson Collection, of which no specimens exist in 
England, and for having thus enabled me to determine the 
affinities of many species I had otherwise no means of classi- 
fying. The whole of the gentlemen mentioned in the preface 
to my first volume have also continued their assistance in 
the freest and most generous manner. In addition Mr. G. 
C. Dudgeon has first placed at my disposal, and then presented 
to the British Museum, the results of his many years' col- 
lecting in Sikhim and Bhutan; and, lastly, M. L. de Niceville, 
the author of the invaluable volumes on the Butterflies of 
India, has sent me many new and rare species fromTenasserim. 

G. F. HAMPSON. 

December 1st, 1894. 



LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL WORKS QUOTED IN 
THE SYNONYMY. 



A. M. N. H. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London, 1838-94. 
Ann. N. Y. Lye. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. 
11 vols. New York, 1824-77. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige. Annales de la Societe Entomologique Beige. 
Bruxelles, 1857-94. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France. 
Paris, 1832-94. 

Berl. ent. Zeit. Berliner entomologisclie Zeitschrift. Berlin, 1857-94. 
Berl. Mag. Magazin von Merkwurdigen neuen Keisebesehreibungen. Berlin, 
1790-1839. 

Boisd. Chen. J. A. Boisduval, P. Rambur, and A. Graslin, Collection 
Iconographique et Historique des Chenilles. Paris, 1832. 

Boisd. Faun. Ent. Madag., Lep. J. A. Boisduval, Faune Entomologique 
de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lepidopteres. Paris, 1833. 

Boisd. Ind. Meth. J. A. Boisduval, Genera et Index Methodicus Europte- 
orurn Lepidopterorum. Paris, 1840. 

Boisd. Lep. Het. (v. Sp. Gen.) 

Boisd. Mon. Zyg. J. A. Boisduval, Essai sur une Monographic des 
Zygenides. Paris, 1829. 

Boisd. Sp. Gen. J. A. Boisduval, Species general des Lepidopteres. Paris, 
1836. 

Borkh. Schmett. Eur. M. B. Borkhausen, Naturgeschichte der Europa- 
ischen Schmetterlinge. 5 vols. Frankfurt, 1788-94. 

Brahm, Ins. Kal. N. J. Brahm, Insecten-Kalender fur Sammler und 
CEkonomen. Mainz, 1790-91. 

Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. O. Bremer, Lepidopteren Ost-Sibiriens, insbesondere 
des Amur-Landes. St. Petersburg, 1864. 

Bremer 8o Grey, Schmett. nord. China, and Brem. Schmett. nord. 
China. O. Bremer and W. Grey, Beitrage zur Schmetterlinge-Fauna des 
nordlichen Chinas. St. Petersburg, 1853. 

Buckler, Larvae Brit. Buttf. Moths. W. Buckler, The Larvae of the 
British Butterflies and Moths. London, 1886-93. 

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. 
Buffalo, U.S.A., 1873-82. 

Bull. Soc. Ent. Belg. (v. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, to which it is attached.) 

Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (v. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., to which it is attached from 

1873-1894.) 

Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. Bulletin de la Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de 
Moscou. Mo3cou, 1829-94. 



VI WOEKS QUOTED. 

Butler, 111. Het. A. G. Butler, Illustrations of Typical Specimens of Lepi- 
doptera Heterocera in the British Museum. Part I., 1877 ; II., 1878 ; 
III., 1879 ; V., 1881 ; VI., 1886 ; VII., 1889. 

C. 8c S. E. C. Cotes and C. Swinhoe, Catalogue of the Moths of Iudia. 

Calcutta, 1887-89. 

Cist. Ent. Cistula Entomologica. London, 1869-83. 

Clerck, Icon. Ins. C. A. Clerck, Icones Insectorum. Holmias, 1759-64, 

Cram. Pap. Exot. P. Cramer, Papillons exotiques de l'Asie, de l'Afrique 
et de l'Amerique. 4 vols. Amsterdam and Utrecht, 1779-83. 

Curt. Brit. Ent. S. Curtis, British Entomology. London, 1823-40. 

Cuv. Icon. R. Anim., Ins. F. E. Guerin-Meneville, Iconographie du 
Regne Animal de G. Cuvier. Paris, 1829-44. 

Dalm. Prodr. Monogr. Castn. J. W. Dalman, Prodromus Mono- 
graphic CastniEe Holmise. 1825. 

Donov. Brit. Ins. E. Donovan, Natural History of British Insects. 16 vols, 
London, 1792-1813. 

Donov. Ins. Ind. E. Donovan, Natural History of the Insects of India. 
London, 1800. 

Drury, 111. Exot. Ins. D. Drury, Illustrations of Natural History, &c. r 
Exotic Insects. 3 vols. London, 1770-82. 

Dup. Cat. Lep. Eur. P. A. J. Duponchel, Catalogue Methodique des> 
Lepidopteres d'Europe. Paris, 1844. 

Dup. Lep. France. J. B. Godart et P. A. J. Duponchel, Histoire Naturelle 
des Lepidopteres de la France. 11 vols. Paris, 1821-32. 

Ed, Esp. Exot. Schmett. E. J. C. Esper, Die auslandische &c, Schmetter- 

linge. Erlangen, 1801. 
Eichw. Zool. Spec. E. von Eichwald, Zoologia specialis. Vilnas, 1830-32. 
Ent. Mo. Mag. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. London, 1864-94. 
Entom. The Entomologist. London, 1840-94. 

Esp. Schmett. Eur. E. J. C. Esper, Die europaische Scbmetterlinge, 
Erlangen, 1777-94. 

Eversm. Faun. Lep. Volg.-Ural. E. Eversmann, Fauna Lepidoptero- 
logica Volgo-Uralensis. Casani, 1844. 

Fabr. Ent. Syst. J. C. Fabricius, Entomologia systematica. 4 vols. 
and Suppl. Hafniaj, 1792-98. 

Fabr. Gen. Ins. J. C. Fabricius, Genera Insectorum. Chilonii, 1776. 

Fabr. Mant. Ins. J. C. Fabricius, Mantissa Insectorum. 2 vols. Hafnias, 

1787. 
Fabr. Sp. Ins. Species Insectorum. 2 vols. Hamburgi, 1781. 
Fabr. Syst. Ent. Systema Entomologiae. Flensburgi & Lipsia?, 1775. 

Feld. Reise Nov. Keise der osterreichischen Fregatte 'Novara' urn die 

Erde. Lepidopteren : Heterocera, von C. Felder und B. Felder. 2 vols, 

1864-75. 
Fisch. V. Rbsl. Schmett. J. E. Fischer, Edler von Eoeslerstamm r 

Abbildungen zur Berichtigung und Ergiinzung der Schmetterlingskunde. 

Leipzig, 1834. 

Freyer, Beitr. Schmett. C. F. Freyer, Beitrage zur Geschichte euro- 
paischer Schmetterlinge. 3 vols. Augsburg, 1828-30. 

Freyer, Neue. Beitr. C. F. Freyer, Neuere Beitrage zur Schmetterlings- 
kunde. Augsburg, 1833-58. 



WORKS QUOTED. VH 

Germar, Prod. E. F. Germar, Systematis Glossatorum Prodromus. Lipsias, 
1811. 

Geyer, Samml. C. Geyer, Sammlung europaischer Sehmetterlinge errichtet 
von Jacob Hiibner. 3 vols. Augsburg, 1824-41. (Continuation of 
Hiibner's ' Sammlung.') 

Giorna, Cal. Ent. M. E. Giorna, Calandario Entomologico. Torino, 

1791. 
Gmel. Syst. Nat. J. F. Gmelin, Car. A. Linne, Systema Naturae, ed. 

decima tertia. 3 vols. Lipsise, 1788-96. 

Grote, New Check-List. A. E. Grote, New Cheek-List of North- American 
Moths. New York, 1882. 

Guen. Delt. et Pyr. A. Guenee, Histoire Natural des Insectes. Lepido- 
pteres : Deltoides et Pyralites. Paris, 1854. 

Guen. Noct. A. Guenee, Histoire Natural des Insectes. Lepidop teres : 

Noctualites. 3 vols. Paris, 1852. 

Guen. Phal. A. Guenee, Histoire Natural des Insectes. Lepidopteres : 

TJranides et Phalenites. 2 vols. Paris, 1857. 

Guer. Voy. Deless. Hist. Nat. F. E. Guerin-Meneville, Delessert's 
Souvenir d'un Voyage dans l'lnde. Insectes. Paris, 1843. 

Haw. Lep. Brit. A. H. Ha worth, Lepidoptera Britannica. London, 
1803. 

Herr.-Schaffer, Eur. Schmett. G. A. W. Herrich-Schaeffer, Systema- 
tische Bearbeitung der Sehmetterlinge von Europa. 6 vols. Eegensburg, 
1845-56. 

Herr.-Schaffer, Samml. aussereur. Schmett. G. A. W. Herrich- 
Schaeffer, Sammlung aussereuropaischer Sehmetterlinge. Eegensburg, 
1843-56. 

Hmpsn. 111. Het. G. F. Hampson, Illustrations of Typical Specimens 
of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the British Museum. London : Part VIII , 
1891 ; Part IX., 1893. 

Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. Horse Societatis Entomologies Eossicas. St. Peters- 
burg, 1861-94. 

Hiibn. Beitr. Jacob Hiibner, Beitrage zur Geschichte der Sehmetterlinge. 
Augsburg, 1786-89. 

Hiibn. Samml. exot. Schmett. J. Hiibner, Sammlung exotischer 
Sehmetterlinge. Augsburg, 1806-24. 

Hiibn. Samml. eur. Schmett. J. Hiibner, Sammlung europaischer 
Sehmetterlinge. 2 vols. Augsburg, 1805-24. (v. Geyer, continuation.) 

*Hiibn. Tentamen. J. Hiibner, Tentamen determinations Stirpium Lepi- 
doptorum. Published by J. H. Scudder. Cambridge, U.S.A., 1873. 

tHubn. Verz. J. Hiibner, Verzeichniss bekannter Sehmetterlinge. Augs- 
burg, ? 1818. 

Hiibn. Zutr. J. Hiibner, Zutrage zur Sammlung exotischer Sehmetterlinge. 
Augsburg, 1818-23. (Continued by C. Geyer, 1824-32.) 

* A printed list of names for cabinet use, without descriptions or scientific 
value. 

t Dated 1816 ; but it contains references to species of Ochsenheimer's pub- 
lished in 1824, and no mention is made of it in a work of Hiibner's published 
in 1823, treating of systems that had appeared since his ' Sammlung ' ; so the 
probable date is between 1824 and 1830. The genera erected are in no way 
described beyond vague references to the colours, and are excluded except where 
properly characterized by later authors. 



Till WORKS QTJOTED. 

Hiigel's Kaschmir. C. von Hiigel, Kaschmir und das Eeich der Seik. 
Vol. iv. Insecten, von V. Kollar. Stuttgart, 1844. 

Illig. Mag. Ins. J. K. W. Illiger, Magazin fur Insecktenkunde. 6 vols. 

Braunschweig, 1802-7. 
Indian Museum Notes. Calcutta, 1889-94. 

J. A. S. B. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, 1832-94. 
JB. Nassau. Ver. Jahrbiicher der Nassauischen Vereins fur Naturkunde. 

Wiesbaden, 1844-94. 

Jacq. Voy. Inde, Zool. V. Jacquemont, Voyage dans l'lnde, 1828-32. 
Vol. iv. Insectes, par E. Blan chard. Paris, 1844. 

Journ. Linn. Soc. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. 
London, 1857-94. 

Kirby, Cat. Lep. Het. W. F. Kirby, A Synonymic Catalogue of Lepido- 
ptera Heterocera. Vol. i. Sphinges and Bombyces. London, 1892. 

Kirby, Eur. Butt. 8c Moths. W. F. Kirby, European Butterflies and 
Moths. London, 1882. 

Latr. Cons. Gen. P. A. Latreille, Considerations generates sur l'ordre, &c, 
des Crustaces, des Arachnides et des Insectes. Paris, 1810. 

Latr. Diet. d'Hist. Nat. P. A. Latreille, Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire 
Naturelle. 24 vols. Paris, 1803-4. 

Latr. Gen. Crust. Ins. P. A. Latreille, Genera Crustaceorum et Insec- 
torum. 4 vols. Paris, 1806-9. 

Leach, Zool. Misc. W. E. Leach, The Zoological Miscellany. 3 vols. 

London, 1814-17. 
Led. Noct. J. Lederer, Die Noctuinen Europa's. Wien, 1857. 

Lewin, Lep. N. S„ Wales. J. W. Lewin, Natural History of the Lepido- 
pterous Insects of New South Wales. London, 1822. 

Linn. Faun. Suec. Caroli A. Linne, Fauna Suecica. LugduniBatavorum, 

1746. 
Linn. Mant. Caroli A. Linne, Mantissa. Holmise, 1771. 

Linn. Mus. Lud. Ulr. Caroli A. Linne, Museum Ludovicse Ulricas reginae. 
Holmiffi, 1764. 

Linn. Syst. Nat. Caroli A. Linne, Systema Naturae. Editio duodecima 
reformata. Hohnias, 1766. 

Maass. 8c Weym. Beitr. zur Schmett. J. P. Maassen und G-ustav 
Weymer, Beitrage zur Schmetterlingskunde. Elberfeld, 1869-85. 

Mag. Zool. Magazine of Zoology and Botany. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1837-38. 

Martyn, Psyche. T. Martyn, Psyche. London, 1797. 

Moore, 2nd Yarkand Mission. Scientific Eesults of the 2nd Yarkand 
Mission. Lepidoptera. F. Moore. Calcutta, 1879. 

Moore, Lep. Atk. F. Moore, Descriptions of new Indian Lepidopterous Insects 
from the Collection of W. S. Atkinson. Heterocera. Calcutta, 1879-88. 

Moore, Lep. Ceyl. F. Moore, Lepidoptera of Ceylon. Heterocera. Vols, ii., 
iii. London, 1882-87. 

Moore, Lep. E. I. Co. T. Horsfield and F. Moore, Catalogue of the Lepi- 
dopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East Indian Company. 
2 vols. London, 1857-59. 

Motsch. Et. Ent. V. de Motschulsky, fitudes Entomologiques. Helsing- 
fors, 1852-62. 

Nat. Libr. W. Jardine, The Naturalist's Librarv. 40 vols. Edinburgh, 
1833-43. 



WORKS QUOTED. IX 

Naturf. Der Naturforscher. Berlin, 1868-88.- 

Nov. Zool. Novitates Zoologicce. London, 1894. 

Oberth. Et. Ent. C. Oberthiir, Etudes d'Entornologie. Eennes, 1876-94. 

Ochs. Eur. Schmett. F. Ochsenheimer, Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. 
4 vois. Leipzig, 1807-24. (v. Treitschke, continuation.) 

6fv. Kongl. Vet. -Ak. Ofversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps- Akademiens Forhand- 
lingar. Stockholm, 1845-94. 

P. Z. S. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. London, 1830-94. 

Petag. Sp. Ins. V. Petagna, Specimen insectoruni ulterioris Calabrite. 
Lipsise, 1808. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. (v. Trans. Ent. Soc, to which the Proceedings are attached.) 

Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New 
South Wales. Sydney, 1876-94. 

Proc. N. H. Soc. Glasgow. Proceedings of the Natural History Society 
of Glasgow. Glasgow, 1858-94. 

Proc. Roy. Dubl. Soc. The Scientific Proceedings of the Eoyal Dublin 
Society. Dublin, 1877-94. 

Rambur, Lep. And. P. Rainbur, Catalogue systernatique des Lepidopteres 
de l'Andalousie. Paris, 1858-66. 

Rep. Peab. Ac. Annual Reports of the Trustees of the Peabody Academy 
of Sciences. Salem, Mass., 1869-94. 

Rom. Mem. Memoires sur les Lepidopteres par N. M. Romanoff. St. Peters- 
burg, vol. i., 1884 ; ii., 1885 ; iii., 1887 ; iv., 1890 ; v., 1889 ; vi., 1892 ; 
vii., 1892. 

Royle's 111. Himal. J. F. Royle, Illustrations of the Botany and other 
branches of the Natural History of the Himalayan Mountains. 2 vols. 
London, 1833-40. 

Schaufuss, Nunq. Otiosus. L. W. Schaufuss, Nunquam Otiosus. Dres- 
den, 1870-79. 

Schiff. Wien. Verz. J. SchifFermiiller, Systematische Verzeichniss der 
Schmetterlinge der Wiener Gegend. Wien, 1776. 

Schrank, Fauna Boica. F. von P. Schrank, Fauna Boica. 3 vols. 
Niirnberg, 1798-1803. 

Scop. Ent. Carn. J. A. Scopoli, Entomologia Carniolica. Vindobonse, 
1763. 

Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Aka- 
demie der Wissenschaften. Wien, 1850-94. 

Snell. Midd.-Sum.,Lep. P. J. Veth, Midden-Sumatra .... Lepidoptera, 
P. 0. T. Snellen. Leyden, 1886-92. 

Staud. Cat. O. Staudinger and M. Wocke, Catalogue des Lepidopteres de 
la Faune Europeenne. Dresde, 1871. 

Stepll. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. J. F. Stephens, Illustrations of British 
Entomology. Haustellata. 4 vols. London, 1828-34. 

Steph. Syst. Cat. Brit. Ins. J. F. Stephens, A Systematic Catalogue of 
British Insects. London, 1829. 

Stettin, ent. Zeit. Stettin er entomologische Zeitung. 1840-94. 

Stoll, Suppl. Cram. Pap. Exot. C. Stoll, Supplement a l'ouvrage 
intitule les Papillons Exotiques par M. Pierre Cramer. Vol. v. Amster- 
dam, 1787-91. 



X "WORKS QUOTED. 

Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. C. Swinhoe, Catalogue of the Eastern 
and Australian Lepidoptera in the Collection of the Oxford University- 
Museum. Sphinges and Bombyces. Oxford, 1892. 

Tijdsch. Nat. Gesch. Tijdschrift voor Natuurlijke Geschiedenis en Physio- 
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Tijd. v. Ent. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. Hague, 1858-94. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 
London, 1807-94. 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Lon- 
don, 1791-1894. 

Trans. Zcol. Soc. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 
London, 1833-94. 

Treitschke, Schmett. Eur. F. Treitschke, Die Schmetterlinge von 
Europa. Vols. v.-x. Leipzig, 1825-34. (Continuation of Ochsenheimer.) 

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. Verhandlungen des kais.-kon. zoologisch- 
botanischen Vereins. Wien, 1852-94. 

Vill. Ent. Linn. C. Linnaeus, Entomologia, Faunae Suecicse descr. aucta, 

&c. Ed. C. de Villers. 4 vols. Lugduni, 1789. 
Walker, Cat. F. Walker, Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Heterocera in the 

British Museum. London. Parts 1 & 2, 1854 ; 3 & 4, 1855 ; 5-10, 1856 ; 

11-13, 1857 ; 14-16, 1858 ; 17-19, 1859 ; 20 & 21, 1860; 22 & 23, 1861 ; 

24-26, 1862; 27 & 28, 1863 ; 29-31, 1861 ; 32-34, 1865; 35, 1866. 

Walk. Cat. Homopt. F. Walker, Catalogue of Homopterous Insects in 
the British Museum. London. Parts 1-4, 1850-52. Suppl., 1858. 

Walk. Char, undescr. Het. F. Walker, Characters of undescribed 
Lepidoptera Heterocera. London, 1869. 

Wardle's Wild Silks. F. Wardle, Handbook of the Collection illustrative 
of the Wild Silks of India in the South Kensington Museum. London, 

1881. 

Waterh. Aid. C. O. W'aterhouse, Aid to the Identification of Insects. 
2 vols. London, 1880-90. 

Westw. Cab. Or. Ent. J. O. Westwood, Cabinet of Oriental Entomology. 
London, 1848. 

Westw. ed. Drury. D. Drury and J. O. Westwood, Illustrations of 
Exotic Entomology. 3 vols. London, 1837-42. 

Wien. ent. Mon. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift. Wien, 1857-64. 

Zool. Journ. Zoological Journal. 5 vols. London, 1825-35. 

Zoologist. The Zoologist ; a Monthly Journal of Natural History. London, 
1843-94. 



WOKKS OE EEFERENCF. 



XI 



The following] illustrated Volumes and Papers will be found 
useful by those working at the Heterocera of different parts of 
British India : — 



N.W.Himalayas. A. G. Butler, Illustrations of Heterocera in the British 
Museum. Part vii. 17 plates. 

Sikhim A. G. Butler, Illustrations of Heterocera in the British 

Museum. Parts v. & vi. 43 plates. 

n F. Moore, Descriptions of new Heterocera collected by 

Mr. W. S. Atkinson. 8 plates. 

M F. Moore, On the Lithosiidce. P. Z. S. 1878, pp. 3-36. 

3 plates. 
n F. Moore, The Lepidoptera of Bengal. P. Z. S. 1865, 

pp. 755-823. 3 plates. 

F.Moore, The Lepidoptera of Bengal. P. Z. S. 1867, 

pp. 44-98 and 612-686. 4 plates. 

n F.Moore, New Asiatic Nocturnal Lepidoptera. P. Z. S. 

1881, pp. 326-380. 2 plates. 
,, H. J. Elwes, New Indian Moths. P. Z. S. 1890, pp. 378- 

407. 3 plates. 
W. Warren, New Genera and Species of Geometridce from 

India. P. Z. S. 1893, pp. 341-434. 3 plates. 

„ P. C. T. Snellen, Catalogue of the Pyralidina of Sikhim. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, pp. 557-647. 2 plates. 

Khasi Hills ... C. Swinhoe, New Species of Heterocera from the Khasis. — 
Parti. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, pp. 473-495. 1 plate. 

n „ ... 0. Swinhoe, New Species of Heterocera from the Khasis. — 

Part II. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, pp. 1-20. 1 plate. 

„ „ ... 0. Swinhoe, The Lepidoptera of the Khasia Hills. — Part II. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, pp. 145-223. 1 plate. 

Sind C. Swinhoe, The Lepidoptera of Karachi. P.Z. S. 1884, 

pp. 503-529. 2 plates. 

Indore, &c C. Swinhoe, The Lepidoptera of Mhow. P. Z. S. 1886, 

pp. 421-465. 2 plates. 

Nilgiri Hills ... G. F. Hampson, Illustrations of Heterocera in the British 
Museum. Partviii. 17 plates. 

Ceylon F. Moore, Lepidoptera of Ceylon. — Heterocera. Vols. ii. 

& iii. 144 plates. 

„ G. F. Hampson, Illustrations of Heterocera in the British 

Museum. Part ix. 19 plates. 

Burma C. Swinhoe, The Moths of Burma. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, 

pp. 161-296. 3 plates. 

„ F.Moore, Lepidoptera from Upper Tenasserim. P. Z. S. 

1878, pp. 821-859. 1 plate of Heterocera. 

Andamans and 1 F. Moore, The Lepidoptera of the Andamans andNicobars. 
Nicobars J P. Z. S. 1877, pp. 580-632. 2 plates of Heterocera. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

Farn. 26. NoCTuma: (cont.) . 1 

Subfam. 9. Focillince 1 

1. Hyposeniansis, Hmpsn. . . 2 

1. singba, Guen 2 

2. Mecodina, Guen 2 

1. lanceola, Guen 3 

2. cineratia, Butt. 3 

3. analis, Sivinh 4 

4. placida, Moore 4 

5. umbrosa, Hmpsn 4 

6. subviolacea, Butl. .... 4 

7. agrestis, Sivinh 5 

8. odontopbora, Swinh, . . 5 

9. albodentata, Swinh. . . 5 

10. bepatica, Moore 5 

11. oxydata, Sivinh 6 

12. ophiusalis, Wlk 6 

13. praecipua, Wlk 6 

14. ruficeps, Hmpsn 6 

3. Psirnada, Wlk. 7 

1. quadripennis, Wlk. . . 7 

4. Zetbes, Ramb 7 

1. angulina, Guen 8 

2. flavibrunnea, Hmpsn. . 8 

3. duplicilinea, Hmpsn. . . 8 

4. vaga, Wlk 9 

5. tipula, Swinh 9 

6. perturbans, Wlk 9 

7. sphseripbora, Moore . . 9 

8. renalis, Moore 10 

9. pulcberriina, Butl 10 

10. pictipennis, Hmpsn. . . 10 

11. talusalis, Wlk 10 

12. shivula, Guen 11 

13. inornata, Wlk 11 

14. besperoides, Guen 11 

15. costalis, Moore 12 

16. usurpatalis, Wlk 12 

17. lineifera, Wlk 12 

18. nigrilinea, Wlk 13 



Page 

19. punctistigma, Hmpsn. 13 

20. reduplicalis, Wlk 13 

21. vinolia, Hmpsn 13 

22. partita, Guen 14 

23. ocellata, Moore 14 

24. igneola, Swinh 14 

25. cingalensis, Wlk 15 

5. Egnasia, Wlk 15 

1. ephyrodalis, Wlk 15 

2. rectilineata, Swinh. . . 16 

3. participalis, Wlk 16 

4. accingalis, Wlk 16 

5. polia, Hmpsn 16 

6. fasciata, Moore 16 

7. tripuncta, Swinh 17 

8. castanea, Moore 17 

9. ochreivena, Hmpsn. . . 17 

10. crassicornis, Moore . . 17 

11. sinuosa, Moore 18 

6. Lopbartbruru, Hmpsn. . . 18 

1. comprimens, Wlk. . . 18 

7. Hyperlopba, Hmpsn 19 

1. cristifera, Wlk 19 

2. compactilis, Swinh. . . 19 

8. Capnodes, Guen 20 

1. finipalpis, Wlk 20 

2. rufescens, Moore .... 20 

3. ceylonica, Wlk 20 

4. luna, Hmpsn 21 

5. maculapex, Hmpsn. . . 21 

6. scitula, Wlk 21 

7. lignicolor, Wlk 21 

8. pustulifera, Wlk 22 

9. lopbopbora, Hmpsn. . . 22 
10. ocbreisparsa, Hmpsn. . 22 

9. Diomea, Wlk 23 

1. cremata, Butl 23 

2. rotundata, Wlk 23 

3. fabularis, Sivinh 23 

10. Raparna, Moore 24 

1. digranima ; Wlk 24 



XIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

2. ochreipennis, Moore . . 25 

3. atrapex, Hmpsn 25 

4. nebulosa, Moore 25 

5. stipata, Wlk 25 

6. imparata, Wlk 26 

7. nigriceps, Hmpsn 26 

8. tantilla, Szvinh 26 

9. palpalis, Wlk 27 

10. multifasciata, Swinh. . . 27 

11. lilacina, Butl. 27 

12. senigmatica, Szvinh. . . 27 

11. Cephena, Moore 28 

1. costata, Moore 28 

12. Avitta, Wlk 28 

1. subsignans, Wlk 28 

2. rufifrons, Moore 29 

3. quadrilinea, Wlk 29 

13. Dierna, Wlk. _ 29 

1. acanthusalis, Wlk. . . 30 

2. strigata, Moore 30 

3. decisa, Wlk 30 

4. transversa, Moore .... 30 

Subfam. 10. Deltoidince .... 31 

1. Ilyrgis, Wlk. 34 

1. echephurealis, Wlk. . . 34 

2. Lithosiopsis, Hmpsn 34 

1. torsi vena, Hmpsn 34 

3. Simplicia, Guen 35 

1. schaldusalis, Wlk 35 

2. margin ata, Moore .... 35 

3. butesalis, Wlk 36 

4. robustalis, Guen 36 

5. niphona, Butl 36 

4. Adrapsa, Wlk 36 

1. ereboides, Wlk 37 

2. despecta, Wlk 37 

3. ablualis, Wlk 37 

4. geometroides, Wlk. . . 38 

5. albirenalis, Moore . . 38 

6. scopigera, Moore .... 38 

7. manifestalis, Wlk 38 

8. silenusalis, Wlk 39 

9. abnomialis, Swinh. . . 39 

5. Heteromala, Hmpsn 39 

1. thyrophora, Hmpsn. . . 40 

0. Pseudaglossa, Grote .... 40 

1. quadrinotata, Wlk. . . 40 

2. fulvipicta, Butl 41 

7. Bleptina, Guen 41 

1. liadenalis, Moore .... 42 

2. nigella, Swinh 42 

3. apidanusalis, Wlk. . . 42 

4. vialis, Moore 42 

5. ochracealis, Moore . . 43 



Page 

6. apicalis, Hmpsn 43 

7. latifasciata, Hmpsn. . 43 

8. melanosticta, Hmpsn. . 43 

9. perfusca, Swinh 44 

10. abjudicalis, Wlk 44 

11. partita, Hmpsn 45 

12. dentilinea, Hmpsn. . . 45 

13. hisbonalis, Wlk 45 

14. jutalis, Wlk 45 

15. prunosa, Moore 45 

16. maculifascia, Hmpsn. 46 

17. ocbrei stigma, Hmpsn. . 46 

18. triangulifera, Hmpsn. . 46 

8. Alelimma, Hmpsn 47 

1. pallidifusca, Hmpsn. . . 47 

2. deletaria, Hmpsn 47 

9. Mastigophorus, Poey .... 47 

1. brontesalis, Wlk 48 

2. duplicifascia, Hmpsn. . 48 

3. brevivittalis, Moore . . 49 

4. chalybealis, Moore . . 49 

5. dubius, Butl 49 

6. stigmatalis, Moore .... 49 

7. vialis, Moore 49 

8. megaspila, Wlk 50 

10. Brachartnrum, Hmpsn. . . 50 

1. maculapex, Hmpsn. . . 50 

11. Falcimala, Hmpsn 51 

1. atrata, Butl. 51 

12. Daxata, Wlk 51 

1. bijungens, Wlk 51 

13. Nagadeba, Wlk 52 

1. indecoralis, Wlk 52 

2. castanealis, Hmpsn. . . 52 

3. cinerea, Hmpsn 53 

4. curvilineata, Hmpsn. . 53 

14. Hydrillodes, Guen 53 

1. lentalis, Guen 53 

2. morosa, Butl 54 

3. transversalis, Moore . , 54 

4. torsivena, Hmpsn 54 

5. truncata, Moore 54 

6. gravatalis, Wlk 55 

7. nilgirialis, Hmpsn 55 

8. abavalis, Wlk 55 

15. Nodaria, Guen 56 

1. externalis, Guen 56 

2. flavifusca, Hmpsn. . . 56 

3. innocens, Butl 56 

4. erecta, Moore 57 

5. relata, Hmpsn 57 

6. palumbina, Butl. .... 57 

7. fractalis, Guen 57 

8. duplicinota, Hmpsn. . . 58 

9. discisigna, Moore .... 58 
10. lapsalis, Wlk 58 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XV 



16. 



21. 

•22, 
23. 
24. 
25. 

26. 



Page 

11. duplexa, Moore 58 

12. saccharivora, Butl. . . 58 

13. cidarioides, Hmpsn. . . 59 

14. albapex, Hmpsn 59 

15. factitia, Swinh 59 

1 6. maculifera, Butl 59 

17. lysimeloides, Hmpsn. . 60 

1 8. nigripes, Hmpsn 60 

19. plana, Swinh 60 

20. berresoides, Hmpsn. . . 60 

21. fusca, Hmpsn , . 61 

Catada, Wlk 61 

1. rasalis, Warr 61 

2. prominens, Hmpsn. . . 61 

3. suffuscalis, Swinh 62 

4. nigTisigna, Hmpsn. . . 62 

5. vagalis, Wlk 62 

6. canaliferalis, Moore . . 62 

7. renalis, Moore 63 

8. purpureotincta,i/wi£>stt. 63 

9. picta, Moore 63 

1 0. tripartita, Moore 63 

11. albolineata, Hmpsn. . . 64 

12. nigribasis, Swinh 64 

Areeopterum, Hmpsn. . . 64 

1. pictale, Hmpsn 64 

Niaccaba, Wlk 64 

1. suniptualis, Wlh 65 

Olulis, Wlk 65 

1. puncticinctalis, Wlk. . . 65 

Talapa, Moore 66 

1. caliginosa, Wlk 66 

2. rufilineata, Hmpsn. . . 66 

3. griseifusa, Hmpsn 66 

4. transvitta, Moore .... 67 

5. albigutta, Swinh 67 

Singara, Wlk 67 

1. diversalis, Wlk 67 

Camptochilus, Hmpsn. . . 68 

1. viola, Hmpsn 68 

Latirostrum, Hmpsn 68 

1. bisacutum, Hmpsn. . . 69 

Corcobara, Moore 69 

1. angulipennis, Moore . . 69 

Anoratha, Moore 70 

1. costalis, Moore 70 

2. paritalis, Wlk 70 

Marapana, Moore 71 

1. incongrualis, Wlk 71 

2. plagifera, Wlk 71 

3. nisalis, Wlk 71 

4. pulverata, Guen 72 

5. punctimargo, Hmpsn. . 72 
Dicliromia, Guen 72 

1. orosia, Cram 72 



2. trigonalis, Guen. 

3. triplicalis, Wlk. . 

4. quadralis, Wlk. . 

5. pullata, Moore . 
28. Rhynchina, Guen. . 

1. abducalis, Wlk. . 



2. striga, Feld. 



3. pervulgaris, Swinh. 

4. pionealis, Guen. . . . 

5. angulata, Wlk. . . . 

6. sigillata, Butl. . . . 
29. Hypena, Schrank . . . 

1. longipennis, Wlk. . 

2. elongalis, Fabr. . . . 

3. proboscidalis, Linn. 

4. tenuipalpis, Hmpsn 

5. acutalis, Hmpsn. . 

6. duplicilinea, Hmpsn 

7. strigosa, Hmpsn. 

8. daria, Sioinh 

9. strigifascia, Moore 

10. labatalis, Wlk. .. 

11. lignealis, Wlk. . . 
12 rhynchalis, Snell. 

13. masurialis, Guen. 

14. mistacalis, Guen. 

15. castaneipalpis, Sivinh 

16. lividalis, Hiibn. . 



18. inimicalis, Sioinh. . 

19. iconicalis, Wlk. . . . 

20. rectivittalis, Moore 

21 . narratalis, Wlk. . . . 

22. divaricata, Moore . 

23. albisigna, Moore . 

24. umbripennis, Moore 

25. tenebralis, Moore . 

26. dentilineata, Moore 

27. rhombalis, Guen. . 

28. obductalis, Wlk. . 

29. eductalis, Hmpsn.. 

30. colombana, Moore. 

31. vestita, Moore . . . 

32. cyanea, Hmpsn. . . . 

33. lacessalis, Wlk. . . . 

34. lativitta, Moore. . . 

35. ophiusoides, Moore 

36. divisalis, Moore. . . 

37. castanealis, Moore. 

38. griseapex, Hmpsn. . 

39. griseivitta, Hmpsn. 

40. abyssinialis, Guen. . 

41. extensa, Wlk 



43. nilgirica, Hmpsn. 



Page 

73 
73 
73 
73 
74 
74 
74 
75 
75 
75 
76 
76 
76 
77 
77 
77 
78 
78 
78 
78 
78 
79 
79 
79 
79 
80 
80 
80 
80 
81 
81 
81 
81 
82 
82 
82 
82 
83 
83 
83 
83 
84 
84 
84 
84 
84 
85 
85 
85 
85 
86 
86 
86 
86 
86 



XIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

2. ochreipennis, Moore . . 25 

3. atrapex, Hmpsn 25 

4. nebulosa, Moore 25 

5. stipata, Wlk 25 

6. imparata, Wlk 26 

7. nigriceps, Hmpsn 26 

8. tantilla, Swinh 26 

9. palpalis, Wlk. ...... 27 

10. multifasciata, Swinh. . . 27 

11. lilacina, Butl. 27 

12. aenigmatica, Sivinh. . . 27 

11. Cephena, Moore 28 

1. costata, Moore 28 

12. Avitta, Wlk 28 

1. subsignans, Wlk 28 

2. rufifrons, Moore 29 

3. quadrilinea, Wlk 29 

13. Dierna, Wlk. _ 29 

1. acanthusalis, Wlk. . . 30 

2. strigata, Moore 30 

3. decisa, Wlk 30 

4. transversa, Moore 30 

Subfam. 10. Deltoidince .... 31 

1. Ilyrgis, Wlk. 34 

1. echephurealis, Wlk. . . 34 

2. Lithosiopsis, Hmpsn 34 

1. torsi vena, Hmpsn 34 

3. Simplicia, Guen 35 

1. schaldusalis, Wlk 35 

2. marginata, Moore .... 35 

3. butesalis, Wlk 36 

4. robustalis, Guen 36 

5. niphona, Butl 36 

4. Adrapsa, Wlk 36 

1. ereboides, Wlk 37 

2. despecta, Wlk 37 

3. ablualis, Wlk 37 

4. geometroides, Wlk. . . 38 

5. albirenalis, Moore . . 38 

6. scopigera, Moore .... 38 

7. manifestalis, Wlk 38 

8. silenusalis, Wlk 39 

9. abnorrnalis, Swinh. . . 39 

5. Heteromala, Hmpsn 39 

1. thyrophora, Hmpsn. . . 40 

6. Pseudaglossa, Grote .... 40 

1. quadrinotata, Wlk. . . 40 

2. fulvipicta, Butl 41 

7. Bleptina, Guen 41 

1. kadenalis, Moore .... 42 

2. nigella, Swinh. ...... 42 

3. apidanusalis, Wlk. . . 42 

4. vialis, Moore 42 

5. ochracealis, Moore . . 43 



Page 

6. apicalis, Hmpsn 43 

7. latifasciata, Hmpsn. . 43 

8. melanosticta, Hmpsn. . 43 

9. perfusca, Swinh 44 

10. abjudicalis, Wlk 44 

11. partita, Hmpsn 45 

12. dentilinea, Hmpsn. . . 45 

13. hisbonalis, Wlk 45 

14. jutalis, Wlk 45 

15. prunosa, Moore 45 

16. maculifascia, Hmpsn. 46 

17. ochrei stigma, Hmpsn. . 46 

18. triangulifera, Hmpsn. . 46 

8. Alelimma, Hmpsn 47 

1. pallidifusca, Hmpsn. . . 47 

2. deletaria, Hmpsn 47 

9. Mastigophorus, Poey .... 47 

1. brontesalis, Wlk 48 

2. duplicifascia, Hmpsn. . 48 

3. brevivittalis, Moore . . 49 

4. chalybealis, Moore . . 49 

5. dubius, Butl 49 

6. stigmatalis, Moore .... 49 

7. vialis, Moore 49 

8. megaspila, Wlk 50 

10. Bracharthrum, Hmpsn. . . 50 

1. maculapex, Hmpsn. . . 50 

11. Falcimala, Hmpsn 51 

1. atrata, Butl. 51 

12. Daxata, Wlk 51 

1. bijungens, Wlk 51 

13. Nao-adeba, Wlk 52 

1. indecoralis, Wlk 52 

2. castanealis, Hmpsn. . . 52 

3. cinerea, Hmpsn 53 

4. curvilineata, Hmpsn. . 53 

14. Hydrillodes, Guen 53 

1. lentalis, Guen 53 

2. morosa, Butl 54 

3. transversalis, Moore . , 54 

4. torsivena, Hmpsn 54 

5. truncata, Moore 54 

6. gravatalis, Wlk 55 

7. nilgirialis, Hmpsn 55 

8. abavalis, Wlk 55 

15. Nodaria, Guen 56 

1. externalis, Guen 56 

2. flavifusca, Hmpsn. . . 56 

3. innocens, Butl 56 

4. erecta, Moore 57 

5. relata, Hmpsn 57 

6. palumbina, Butl. .... 57 

7. fractalis, Guen 57 

8. duplicinota, Hmpsn. . . 58 

9. discisigna, Moore .... 58 
10. lapsalis, Wlk 58 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XV 



16. 



17, 
18. 
19. 

20. 



27, 



Page 

11. duplexa, Moore 58 

12. saccharivora, Butl. . . 58 

13. cidarioides, Hmpsn. . . 59 

1 4. albapex, Hmpsn 59 

15. factitia, Swinh 59 

1 6. maculifera, Butl 59 

17. lysimeloides, Hmpsn. . 60 

1 8. nigripes, Hmpsn 60 

19. plana, Swinh 60 

20. berresoides, Hmpsn. . . 60 

21. fusca, Hmpsn , , 61 

Oatada^JPZfc 61 

1. rasalis, Warr 61 

2. prominens, Hmpsn. . . 61 

3. suffuscalis, Swinh 62 

4. nigrisigna, Hmpsn. . . 62 

5. vagalis, Wlk 62 

6. canaliferalis, Moore . . 62 

7. renalis, Moore 63 

8. purpureotincta, Hmpsn. 63 

9. picta, Moore 63 

10. tripartita, Moore 63 

11. albolineata, Hmpsn. . . 64 

12. nigribasis, Swinh 64 

Areeopterum, Hmpsn. . . 64 

1. pictale, Hmpsn 64 

Niaccaba, Wlk 64 

1. surnptualis, Wlk 65 

Olulis, Wlk 65 

1. puncticinctalis, Wlk.. . 65 

Talapa, Moore 66 

1. caliginosa, Wlk 6Q 

2. rufilineata, Hmpsn. . . 66 

3. griseifusa, Hmpsn 66 

4. transvitta, Moore .... 67 

5. albigutta, Swinh 67 

Singara, Wlk 67 

1. diversalis, Wlk 67 

Camptochilus, Hmpsn. . . 68 

1. viola, Hmpsn 68 

Latirostrum, Hmpsn 68 

1. bisacutum, Hmpsn. . . 69 

Corcobara, Moore 69 

1. angulipennis, Moore . . 69 

Anoratha, Moore 70 

1. costalis, Moore 70 

2. paritalis, Wlk 70 

Marapana, Moore 71 

1. incongrualis, Wlk 71 

2. plagifera, Wlk 71 

3. nisalis, Wlk 71 

4. pulverata, Guen 72 

5. punctimargo, Hmpsn. . 72 
Dichromia, Guen 72 

1. orosia, Cram 72 



Page 

2. trigonalis, Guen 73 

3. triplicalis, Wlk 73 

4. quadralis, Wlk 73 

5. pullata, Moore 73 

28. Rhynchina, Guen 74 

1. abducalis, Wlk 74 

2. striga, Feld. 74 

3. pervulgaris, Swinh. . . 75 

4. pionealis, Guen 7>5 

5. angulata, Wlk 75 

6. sigillata, Butl. 76 

29. Hypena, Schrank 76 

1. longipennis, Wlk 76 

2. elongalis, Fabr 77 

3. proboscidalis, Linn. . . 77 

4. tenuipalpis, Hmpsn. . . 77 

5. acutalis, Hmpsn 78 

6. duplicilinea, Hmpsn.. . 78 

7. strigosa, Hmpsn 78 

8. daria, Sioinh 78 

9. strigifascia, Moore. ... 78 

10. labatalis, Wlk 79 

11. lignealis, Wlk 79 

12 rhynchalis, Snell 79 

13. masurialis, Guen 79 

14. mistacalis, Guen 80 

15. castaneipalpis, Siuinh. . 80 

16. lividalis, Hilbn 80 

17. conscitalis, Wlk 80 

18. ininricalis, Sioinh 81 

19. iconicalis, Wlk 81 

20. rectivittalis, Moore . . 81 

21. narratalis, Wlk 81 

22. divaricata, Moore .... 82 

23. albisi^na, Moore 82 

24. umbripennis, Moore . . 82 

25. tenebralis, Moore .... 82 

26. dentilineata, Moore . . 83 

27. rhombalis, Guen 83 

28. obductalis, Wlk 83 

29. eductalis, Hmpsn 83 

30. colombana, Moore .... 84 

31. vestita, Moore 84 

32. cyanea, Hmpsn 84 

33. lacessalis, Wlk 84 

34. lativitta, Moore 84 

35. ophiusoides, Moore . . 85 

36. divisalis, Moore 85 

37. castanealis, Moore. ... 85 

38. griseapex, Hmpsn 85 

39. griseivitta, Hmpsn. . . 86 

40. abyssinialis, Guen 86 

41. extensa, Wlk 86 

42. varialis, Wlk. . , 86 

43. nilgirica, Hmpsn 86 



XVI 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

44. molpusalis, Wlk 87 

45. modesta, Moore 87 

46. olivacea, Hmpsn 87 

47. uniformis, Hmpsn 87 

48. obstupidalis, Sivinh. . . 87 

49. obfuscalis, Hmpsn 88 

50. mediana, Moore 88 

51. mandatalis, Wlk 88 

52. cognata, Moore 88 

58. qusesitalis, Wlk 88 

54. nigrescens, Moore .... 89 

55. indicatalis, Wlk 89 

56. assirnilis, Hmpsn 89 

57. jocosalis, Wlk 89 

58. minor, Hmpsn 90 

59. griseipennis, Moore . . 90 

60. thermesialis, Wlk 90 

61. occata, Moore 90 

62. biplagiata, Butl. 90 

63. triangularis, Moore . . 90 

64. glaucescens, Hmpsn. . . 91 

65. rufirena, Hmpsn 91 

66. hamata, Hmpsn 91 

67. uncipennis, Swinh. . . 91 

68. rectilinea, Moore 92 

69. ineffectalis, Wlk 92 

70. glauculalis, Hmpsn. . . 92 

71. symethusalis, Wlk. . . 92 

72. ochreistigma, Hmpsn. . 93 

30. Stenhypena, Hmpsn 93 

1. adustalis, Hmpsn 93 

31. Britha, Wlk. 93 

1. biguttata, Wlk 94 

32. Orthozona, Hmpsn 94 

1. quadrilineata, Moo?*e. . 94 

33. Chusaris, Wlk 95 

1. eurrhipoides, Hmpsn. . 95 

2. novatusalis, Wlk 95 

3. opiliusalis, Wlk 96 

4. minoralis, Wlk 96 

5. omariusalis, Wlk 96 

6. renalis, Moore ...... 96 

7. ideoides, Hmpsn 96 

8. figurata, Moore 97 

9. paucirnaculata,iZm£>sw. 97 

10. retatalis, Wlk 97 

11. ocnlalis, Moore 97 

12. puncticilia, Hmpsn. . . 98 

34. Hypenodes, Guen 98 

1. croceipicta, Hmpsn. . . 98 

35. Arrade, Wlk 99 

1. erebusalis, Wlk 99 

2. massalis, Swinh 99 

3. cristata, Hmpsn 99 



Page 

36. Hypenagonia, Hmpsn. . . 100 

1. vexataria, Wlk 100 

37. Moscha, Wlk 100 

1. posticalis, Wlk 101 

2. exigualis, Swinh 101 

38. Goniocraspedum, Hmpsn. 101 

1. mistura, Swinh 101 

39. Mecistoptera, Hmpsn. . . 102 

1. griseifusa, Hmpsn. .. 102 

2. duplicilinea, Hmpsn. . . 102 

3. velifera, Swinh 103 

4. variegata, Hmpsn 103 

40. Khaasena, Wlk. 103 

1. transcissa, Wlk 103 

Fam. 27. Epicopiid^ 107 

1. Epicopia, Westw 108 

1. polydora, Westw 108 

2. philenora, Westtv 109 

Fam. 28. Ueaniid^: 110 

1. Nyctalemon, Dalman . . Ill 

1. petroclus, Linn Ill 

2. Urapteroides, Moore .... 112 

1. astheniata, Guen. .... 113 

3. Strophidia, Hilbn 113 

1. fasciata, Cram 114 

4. Acropteris, Hilbn 114 

1. striataria, Clerck .... 115 

2. obliquaria, Moore .... 115 

3. iphiata, Guen 116 

5. Pseudomicronia, Moore . . 116 

1. coelata, Moore 116 

2. simplicifascia, Swinh. . 116 

6. Micronia, Guen 117 

1. aculeata, Guen 117 

7. Chatamla, Moore 117 

1. flavescens, Wlk 118 

8. Auzea, Wlk 118 

1. rufifrontata, Wlk 119 

2. arenosa, Butl 119 

3. hyperythra, Hmpsn. . . 120 

4. torridaria, Moore .... 120 

9. Pseudhyria, Hmpsn 120 

1. rubra, Hmpsn 120 

Fam. 29. Epiplemidje .... 121 

1. Paradecetia, Sivinh 122 

1. albistellaria, Wlk 122 

2. Decetia, Wlk 122 

1. numicusaria, Wlk 122 

2. subobscurata, Wlk. . . 123 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XV11 



Page 

3. bilineata, Hmpsn 123 

4. pallida, Moore 123 

3. Amana, Wlk 123 

1. angulifera, Wlk 124 

4. Orudiza, Wlk.., 124 

1. protheclaria, Wlk 124 

5. Epiplema, Herr.-Schdffer . 125 

1. columbaris, Butl 125 

2. edentata, Hmpsn 125 

3. reticulata, Moore .... 126 

4. moza, Butl 126 

5. sreapa, Swinh 126 

6. multistrigaria, Moore . . 127 

7. latifasciata, iH/oore ... . 127 

8. rhagavata, Wlk 127 

9. quadricaudata, Wlk. . . 127 

10. tenebrosa, Hmpsn 128 

1 1. obscuraria, Moore .... 128 

12. quadristrigata, Wlk... 128 

13. conflictaria, Wlk 129 

14. albida, Hmpsn 129 

15. ruptaria, Moore 129 

16. fulvilinea, Hmpsn 130 

17. apicalis, Hmpsn 130 

18. bicaudata, Moore 130 

19. restricta, Hmpsn 130 

20. instabilata, Wlk 131 

21. bimala, Butl 131 

22. ocusta ? Swinh 131 

23. irrorata, Moore 132 

6. Dirades, Wlk 132 

1 . unicaiida, Hmpsn 132 

2. theclata, Guen. ...... 132 

3. conifera, Moore 133 

4. leucocera, Hmpsn 133 

5. crepuscularis, Hmpsn. . 133 

6. prunaria, Moore 134 

7. Gathynia, Wlk. ........ 134 

1. miraria, Wlk 134 

2. simulans, Butl 135 

3. ferrugata, Wlk 135 

4. longipermis, Hmpsn. . . 135 

8. Metorthochilus, Hmpsn. . 135 

1. emargmatuin, Hmpsn. 135 

2. excisum, Hmpsn 136 

9. Atossa, Moore 136 

1. nelcinna, Moore 136 

2. moorei, Elwes 137 

3. nagaensis, Elwes .... 137 

Fam. 30. Geometridje .... 138 

Subfam. 1. Boarmiince 139 

1. Urapteryx, Leach 144 

1. priinularis, Butl 145 

YOL. III. 



Page 

2. sciticaudaria, Wlk 145 

3. marginata, Hmpsn. . . 145 

4. ebuleatea, Guen 145 

5. picti can data, Wlk 146 

6. podaliriata, Guen 146 

7. pluristrigata, Warr. . . 146 

8. margaritata, Moore . . 146 

9. excellens, Butl 147 

2. Sirinopteryx, Butl 147 

1. rufivinctata, Wlk 147 

2. undulifera, Warr 148 

3. Thinopteryx, Butl 148 

1. crocoptera, Koll. ...... 148 

4. Xeropteryx, Butl 149 

1. columbicola, Wlk 149 

5. Pareumelea, Warr 150 

1. fimbriata, Cram 150 

6. Auzeodes, Warr 150 

1. nigroseriata, Warr. . . 151 

7. Myrteta, Wlk. 151 

1. planaria, Wlk 151 

2. luteifrons, Swinh 152 

3. sericea, Butl 152 

4. fuscolineata, Sioinh. . . 152 

5. ocernaria, Swinh 152 

6. snbvitrea, Hmpsn 152 

7. obliqua, Hmpsn 152 

8. subpunctata, Warr. . . 153 

9. simpliciata, Moore . . 153 

8. Tasta, Wlk 153 

1. micaceata, Wlk 154 

2. sectinota, Hmpsn 154 

9. Bapta, Steph 154 

1. inamata, Wlk 154 

2. deletaria, Moore .... 155 

3. platyleucata, Wlk 155 

4. mytylata, Guen 155 

10. Platycerota, Hmpsn 155 

1. spilotelaria, Wlk 156 

2. punctilineata, Hmpsn. 156 

11. Aplochlora, Warr 156 

1. vivilaca, Wlk 157 

12. Metrocampa, Latr. ...... 157 

1. baliaria, Wlk. ...... 157 

2. biseriata, Moore ...... 158 

13. Caberodes, Guen 158 

1. dentisignata, Moore . . 158 

2. acbromaria, Guen 159 

3. viridis, Warr 159 

4. peralba, Swinh 159 

5. cinerascens, Moore . . Ic9 

6. costinotata, Warr 159 

7. costalis, Moore 160 

14. Plutodes, Guen 160 

1. prasina, Swinh 160 

2. delpbinaria, Sioinh. . . 160 

b 



XVU1 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

3. nilgirica, Hmpsn 161 

4. exiguifascia, Hmpsn. . . 161 

5. subcaudata, Butl 161 

6. costatus, Butl. ...... 161 

7. cyclaria, Guen 162 

8. transmutata, Wlk. . . 162 

9. discigera, Butl 162 

10. exquisita, Butl 162 

11. lamisca, Swinh 163 

15. Scardamia, Guen 163 

1. metallaria, Guen 163 

16. Peratophyga, Warr 164 

1. serata, Moore 164 

17. Stegania, Guen 164 

1. marginata, Warr 164 

2. strigata, Warr 165 

3. subtessellata, Wlk 165 

4. urbica, Swinh 165 

5. bilineata, Butl 166 

6. rectifascia, Hmpsn. . . 166 

7. crina, Swinh 166 

8. trilineata, Moore 166 

9. latifasciata, Moore . . 167 

18. Synegia, Guen 167 

1. imitaria, Wlk 167 

2. pleuristriaria, Wlk. . . 168 

3. ditfiisaria ? Moore .... 168 

4. complicata, Warr 168 

5. lidderdalii, Butl 169 

6. erythra, Hmpsn 169 

7. cainptogrammaria,6rMew. 169 

8. pardaria, Guen 170 

9. lunulosa, Moore 170 

19. Hypochrosis, Guen 170 

1. pachiaria, Wlk 171 

2. iris, Butl 171 

3. hyadaria, Guen 172 

4. venusa, Swinh 172 

5. festrvaria, Fabr 172 

6. sternaria, Guen 173 

7. pulehraria, Roths 173 

8. pyrrhularia, Guen 174 

9. quadraria, Warr 174 

10. rufescens, Butl 174 

20. Prionia, Hilbn 174 

1. squalidaria, Hilbn. . . 175 

2. lithosiaria, Wlk. . .*?*. 175 

3. obliquilineata, Warr.. . 175 

4. hitexta, Swinh 175 

5. incitata, Wlk 176 

6. serpentinaiia, Wlk. . . 176 

7. pallida, Moore 176 

8. muscicolor, Warr 176 

9. discata, Warr 177 

21. Eurymene, Hup 177 

1. inustaria, Moore .... 177 



Page 

2. reticulata, Warr. .... 178 

22. Anonychia, Warr 178 

1. violacea, Moore 178 

2. rostrifera, Warr 178 

3. grisea, Butl. 178 

4. lativitta, Moore 179 

23. Heterolocha, Led 179 

1. phsenicotaeniata, Koll. 179 

2. falconaria, Wlk 179 

3. patalata, Feld 180 

4. desistaria, Wlk 180 

24. Venilia, JDup. 180 

1. himalayica, Koll 181 

25. Loxaspilates, Warr 181 

1. obliquaria, Moore .... 181 

2. hastigera, Butl 182 

3. dispar, Warr 182 

26. Stenorumia, Hmpsn 182 

1. duplicilinea, Hmpsn.. . 183 

2. ablunata, Guen 183 

3. longipennis, Warr 183 

27. Rumia, Dup 183 

1. cratsegata, Linn 183 

2. tridentifera, Moore . . 184 

3. sulphurea, Butl 184 

4. molleri, Warr 184 

5. irrorata, Hmpsn 184 

28. Corymica, Wlk 185 

1. arnearia, Wlk 185 

2. caustolomaria, Moore. . 185 

3. specularia, Moore .... 186 

29. Ilicrinia, Hubn 186 

1. cordiaria, Hubn 186 

2. flava, Moore 187 

30. Eurytaphria, Warr 187 

1. imdilineata, Warr. . . 187 

2. bisinuata, Hmpsn 188 

31. Peetula, Moore 188 

1. strarnineata, Warr. . . 188 

2. exanthemata, Moore . . ]88 

32. Xenographia, Warr 189 

1. lignataria, Warr 189 

2. semifusca, Hmysn 189 

3. adustata, Moore 190 

33. Spilopera, Warr 190 

1. gracilis, Butl 190 

2. fuscomarginata, Warr. 191 

3. anoniala, Warr 191 

4. hepaticata, Swinh 191 

5. combusta. Warr 191 

6. ferrifera, Moore 192 

7. divaricata, Moore .... 192 

8. obliquilinea, Moore . . 192 

34. Hvpulia, Swinh 193 

1. dirempta, Wlk. 193 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XIX 



Page 

35. Nadagara, Wlk 193 

1. vigaia, Wlk 194 

2. comprensata, Wlk .... 194 

3. inordinata, Wlk 194 

36. Rhynchobapta, Hmpsn. . . 194 

1. cervinaria, Moore .... 194 

2. flaviceps, Butl 195 

37. Luxiaria, Wlk 195 

1. contigaria, Wlk 195 

2. exclusa, Wlk 196 

3. postvittata, Wlk 197 

4. obliquata, Moore .... 197 

5. phyllosaria, Wlk 197 

38. Cassyma, Guen 197 

1. heteroneurata, Guen. . . 198 

39. Zamarada, Moore 198 

1. translucida, Moore . . 198 

2. cosmiaria, Swinh 199 

40. Krananda, Moore 199 

1. semihyalina, Moore . . 199 

2. oliveomarginata, Swinh. 200 

3. falcata, Warr 200 

41. Zeheba, Moore 200 

1. lucidata, Wlk 201 

42. Macaria, Curt 201 

1. arenaria, Swinh. 202 

2. frugaliata, Guen. .... 202 

3. fasciata, Fabr 202 

4. inchoata, Wlk 203 

5. subalbataria, Sivinh. . . 203 

6. nora, Wlk 203 

7. xanthonora, Wlk 203 

8. elvirata, Guen 204 

9. odataria, Sivinh 204 

10. sufflata, Guen 204 

11. myandaria, Wlk 205 

12. atmala, Swinh 205 

13. azataria, Sivinh 205 

14. pervolgata, Wlk 205 

15. fidoniata, Guen 205 

16. ozararia/JFZfc 206 

17. effusata, Guen 206 

18. acutaria, Wlk 207 

19. temeraria, Swinh 207 

20. oliva, Sivinh 207 

21. emersaria, Wlk 207 

22. octolinearia, Swinh. . . 208 

23. perf usaria, Wlk 208 

24. quadraria, Moore .... 208 

43. Tephrina, Dup 209 

1. disputaria, Guen 209 

2. catalaunaria, Guen. . . 210 

3. perviana, Led 210 

4. fumosa, Hmpsn 210 

5. parallelaria, Wlk 210 

6. purpurascens, Moore . . 211 



Page 

44. Oxyrnacaria, Warr 211 

1. palliata, Hmpsn 211 

45. Orsonoba, Wlk 211 

1. clelia, Cram 212 

46. Hyposidra, Guen 212 

1. talaca, Wlk 213 

2. violescens, Hmpsn. . . 213 

3. picaria, Wlk 214 

4. albifera, Moore 214 

5. aquilaria, Wlk 214 

6. successaria, Wlk 214 

7. infixaria, Wlk 215 

8. murina, Swinh 215 

9. megaspila, Moore .... 215 

47. Dilinia, Hilbn 216 

1. medardaria, Herr.-Sch. 216 

2. immaculata, Hmpsn.. . 216 

3. fasciata, Moore 217 

4. capitata, Wlk 217 

5. albopimctata, Sivinh. . . 217 

6. vexillaria, Guen 217 

48. Hypephyra, Butl 218 

1.' terrosa, Butl 218 

49. Hyperythra, Guen 218 

1. lutea, Cram 218 

2. swinhoei, Butl 219 

3. phoenix, Swinh 219 

50. Anthyperythra, Swinh. . . 220 

1. hermearia, Swinh 220 

51. Crocota, Hilbn. . 220 

1. niguzaria, Wlk 220 

2. ventraria, Guen 221 

52. Psyra, Wlk. 221 

1. spurcataria, Wlk 221 

2. trilineata, Moore 222 

3. indica, Butl 222 

4. debilis, Warr 222 

5. angulifera, Wlk 222 

6. cuneata, Wlk 223 

53. Pericallia, Steph 223 

1. lugens, Butl 223 

2. gynopteridia, Butl. . . 224 

3. angulifascia, Moore . . 224 

4. viridescens, Warr 224 

5. albifrons, Moore 224 

54. Fascellina, Wlk 224 

1. chromataria, Wlk 225 

2. hypochryseis, Swinh. . . 226 

3. plagiata, Wlk 226 

4. vinosa, Warr 226 

5. subsignata, Warr 226 

6. dacoda, Swinh 227 

7. porphyreofusa, Hmpsn. 227 

8. rectimarginata, Warr. 227 

9. hypochlora, Swinh. . . 228 
10. inornata, Warr 228 



XX 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

55. Leptomiza, Warr 228 

1. decorata, Moore 228 

2. codra, £wm/i 229 

3. translineata, Wlk 229 

4. amethystina, Warr, . . 230 

5. basipuncta, Moore. . . . 230 

6. anticleata, Moore .... 230 

7. olivescens, Moore .... 230 

8. calcearia, Wlk 231 

9. dentilineata, Moore . . 231 

56. Crocallis, Treitschke 231 

1. lentiginosaria, Moore. . 231 

2. obliquaria, Moore .... 232 

3. cervinaria, Moore .... 232 

4. karuetaria, Feld 233 

57. Garseus, Moore 233 

1. specularis, Moore .... 233 

2. cruentatus, Butl 234 

3. albipunetatus, Hmpsn. 234 

4. coloratus, Warr 234 

5. discolor, Warr 234 

6. apicatus, Moore 235 

7. muscorarius, Hmpsn. . . 235 

8. argillaceus, Butl 235 

9. signatus, Butl 235 

10. absona, Sioinh 235 

58. Heteromiza, Warr 236 

1. castanearia, Moore. . . . 236 

2. flava, Moore 236 

3. argentilinea, Moore . . 237 

4. cruentaria, Moore .... 237 

59. Dalima, Moore 237 

1. truncataria, Moore . . 238 

2. apicata, Moore 238 

3. schistaeearia, Moore . . 239 

4. lucens, Warr 239 

5. calamina, Butl 239 

6. intricata, Warr 240 

7. nubilata, Hmpsn 240 

8. patularia, Wlk 240 

9. latitans, Warr 240 

10. vulpinaria, Moore .... 241 

60. Amblychia, Guen 241 

1. angeronaria, Guen. . . 242 

2. testacearia, Moore .... 242 

3. tetragonata, Wlk 242 

61. Chorodna, Wlk 243 

1. pallidularia, Moore . . 243 

2. vulpinaria, Moore .... 243 

3. adumbrata, Moore 243 

4. ruetapliasaria, Wlk. . . 244 

5. testaceata, Moore .... 244 

6. erebusaria, Wlk 245 

62. Biston, Leach 245 

1 . regalis, Moore ...... 245 

2. cognataria ; Guen 246 



3. sinuata, Hmpsn. . 

4. falcata, Warr. . . . 

5. recursaria, Wlk. . . . 

6. suppressaria, Guen. 

7. varianaria, Swinh. . 

8. bengaliaria, Guen. . 

9. raptaria, Wlk. . . . 
10. boarmioides, Moore 

63. Elphos, Guen 

1. bymenaria, Guen. . 

2. pardicelata, Wlk. . 

64. Xandrames, Moore. . . 

1. latiferaria, Wlk. . 

2. albofasciata, Moore 

65. Gnophus, Treitschke . 

1. muscosarius, Wlk.. 

2. aareus, Butl 

3. aecipitrarius, Guen. 

4. albistellarius, Warr 

5. cinereus, Butl. . . . 

6. eolarius, Guen. . . . 

7. licheneus, Oberth. . 

66. Bylazora, Wlk 

1. pilicostata, Wlk. . 

2. infumata, Feld. . . . 

67. Ophthalmodes, Guen.. 

1. herbidaria, Guen. . 

2. cordularia, Swinh. . 

3. infusaria, Wlk. . . . 

4. caritaria, Wlk. 

68. Boarmia, Treitschke . 

1. diversicolor, Warr. 

2. conspurcata, Wlk. . 

3. rubrifusa, Warr. . 

4. cervina, Hmpsn. . 

5. marmorata, Moore 

6. enormis, Warr. . . . 

7. duplex, Moore . . . 

8. conifera, Moore . . . 

9. ideeoides, Moore . 

10. ochrifasciata, Moore 

11. irrorata, Moore . . . 

12. leucozona, Hmpsn. 

13. latifascitt, Hmpsn.. 

14. crepuscularia, Hiibn 

15. bhurmitra, Wlk. . 

16. boarmiaria, Guen. . 

17. bisinuata, Hmpsn.. 

18. cessaria, Wlk. . . . 

19. inceptaria, Wlk. . . . 

20. pallidaria, Moore . 

21. conspicuata, Moore 

22. pingasoides, Warr. 

23. comparataria, Wlk. 

24. hedelaria, Swinh. . 

25. selenaria, Hiihn 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XXI 



Page 

26. acaciaria, Boisd 264 

27. propulsaria, Wlk 265 

28. variegata, Moore 266 

29. nielanosticta, Hmpsn. 266 

30. nigralbata, Warr 266 

31. semialba, Moore 266 

32. imbecilis, Moore 267 

33. nigridorsaria, Guen. . . 267 

34. semiclarata, Wlk 267 

35. atrostipata, Wlk 268 

36. vialis, Moore 268 

37. glaucodisca, Swinh. . . 268 

38. admissaria, Guen 269 

39. sikkima, Moore 269 

40. reparata, Wlk 269 

41. cineracea, Moore .... 270 

42. sublavaria, Guen 270 

43. trispinaria, Wlk 270 

44. infixaria, Wlk 271 

45. transcissa, Wlk 271 

46. impletaria, Wlk 271 

47. albifera, Moore 271 

48. flavimedia, Hmpsn. . . 272 

49. megaspilaria, Moore . . 272 

50. tenera, Warr 272 

51. fuliginea, H?npsn 272 

52. adamata, Feld 273 

53. pallida, Hmpsn 273 

54. retrahens, Moore .... 273 

55. nilgirica, Hmpsn 274 

56. granitaria, Moore .... 274 

57. hybernaria, Swinh. . . 274 

58. nigrescens, Warr 274 

59. fimbriata, Moore 275 

60. subplagiata, Wlk 275 

61. delineata, Wlk 276 

62. perserrata, Wlk. .... 276 

63. humeraria, Moore 276 

64. cuprearia, Moore .... 277 

65. contubernalis, Moore. . 277 

66. separata, Wlk 277 

67. dentilinea, Warr 277 

68. albibasis, Hmpsn 278 

69. semicirculata, Moore. . 278 

70. albipicta, Warr 278 

71. combustaria, Wlk 278 

72. sericea, Warr 279 

73. atrilineata, Bull 279 

74. virescens, Butl 279 

75. tristris, Butl 280 

76. tiglina, Swinh 280 

77. lamprosticta, Hmpsn. . 280 

78. pamiosaria, Moore .... 281 

79. euryzon-a, Hmpsn 281 

80. punctigera, Butl 281 



Page 

81. mcolorata, Warr 282 

82. scripturaria, Wlk 282 

83. tephrosaria, Moore 282 

84. lignicolor, Warr 283 

85. isometra, Warr 283 

69. Medasina, Moore 283 

1. pulverulenta, Hmpsn. . 284 

2. scotosiaria, Warr 284 

3. plumalis, Butl 284 

4. objectaria, Wlk 284 

5. nigrovittata, Moore . . 285 

6. plumosa, Hmpsn 285 

7. mauraria, Guen 285 

8. parisnattei, Wlk 286 

9. creataria, Guen 286 

10. strixaria, Guen 286 

11. mucidaria, Wlk....... 286 

12. similis, Moore 287 

13. interruptaria, Moore . . 287 

14. dissimilis, Moore .... 287 

15. quadrinotata, Warr. . . 287 

16. fratercula, Moore 287 

17. basistrigaria, Moore . . 288 

18. lampasaria, Swinh 288 

19. vagans, Moore 288 

20. livida, Warr 289 

21. contaminata, Moore . . 289 

22. albidaria, Wlk 289 

23. obliterate, Moore 289 

24. albidior, Hmpsn 290 

70. Arichanna, Moore 290 

1. tramesata, Moore .... 290 

2. rubrivena, Warr 291 

3. violacea, Warr 291 

4. transfasciata, Warr. . . 291 

5. marginata, Warr 291 

6. ramosa, Wlk 291 

7. biquadrata, Warr 292 

8. albovittata, Moore 292 

9. plagifera, Wlk 292 

10. furcifera, Moore 293 

11. tenebraria, Moore .... 293 

12. lapsariata, Wlk 293 

13. regularis, Warr 293 

14. maculata, Moore 294 

15. hainiltonia, Swinh. . . 294 

16. transectata, Wlk 294 

17. sparsa, Butl 294 

18. jaguarinaria, Oberth.. . 295 

19. subaenescens, Warr. . . 295 

71. Erebomorpha, Wlk 295 

1. fulgurita, Wlk 295 

2. fulguraria, Wlk 296 

3. compositata, Guen. . . 296 

4. metaclnomata, Wlk. . . 297 



XX11 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

72. Abraxas, Leach « 297 

1. pardaria, Moore 297 

2. fulvosparsa, Hmpsn. . . 298 

3. spontaneata, Wlk 298 

4. fasciata, Sivinh 298 

5. lobata, Hmpsn 299 

6. sylvata, Scop 299 

7. leucostola, Hmpsn. . . 300 

8. martaria, Guen 300 

9. conferta, Sivinh 300 

10. virginalis, Butt 301 

11. fasciaria, Guer 301 

12. metamorpha, Warr. . . 301 

13. todara, Swinh 301 

14. picaria, Moore 301 

15. alpestris, Warr 302 

16. irrorata, Moore 302 

17. luteolaria, Swinh 302 

18. poliaria, Swinh 302 

19. diapliana, Warr 302 

20. fuscescens, Butl 303 

21. sordida, Hmpsn 303 

22. ostrina, Sivinh 303 

23. ditritaria, Wlk 303 

24. nigrivena, Warr 303 

25. flaveata, Hmpsn 304 

26. etridoides, Hmpsn. . . 304 

27. triseriata, Herr -Schaffer 304 

28. adustata, Schiff. 304 

73. Dilophodes, Warr 305 

1. elegans, Butl 305 

74. Onellaba, Wlk 306 

1. botydata, Wlk 306 

75. Percnia, Guen 306 

1. ductaria, Wlk 306 

2. coryneta, Swinh 307 

3. tincta, Hmpsn 307 

4. foraria, Guen 307 

5. maculata, Moore .... 307 

6. felinaria, Guen 308 

7. belluaria, Guen 308 

8. interfusa, Warr 308 

9. exanthemata, Moore . , 308 
10. giraff'ata, Guen 309 

76. Obeidia, Wlk 309 

1. tigrata, Guen 309 

2. millepunctata, Warr. . 310 

77. Vithora, Moore 310 

1. indrasana, Moore .... 311 

78. Genusa, Wlk 311 

1. bigutta, Wlk 312 

79. Milionia, Wlk 312 

1. glauca, Cram 312 

2. pulchrinervis, Feld. . . 312 

3. luculenta, Swinh 313 

4. zonea, Moore 313 



Page 

Subfam. 2. (Enochrominm . . 313 

1. Abraxaphantes, Warr. . . 314 

1. perampla, Swinh 314 

2. Sarcinodes, Guen 315 

1. restitutaria, Wlk 315 

2. debitaria, Wlk 316 

3. lilacina, Moore 316 

4. carnearia, Guen. ...... 316 

5. sequilinearia, Wlk. . . 316 

3. Loxorhombia, Warr 316 

1. idea ; Swinh 317 

4. Palseomystis, Warr 317 

1. falcataria, Moore .... 318 

5. Doratoptera, Hmpsn 318 

1. nicevillei, Hmpsn 318 

Subfam. 3. Orthostixince .... 318 

1. Celerena, Wlk 319 

1. divisa, Wlk 320 

2. andamana, Feld 320 

2. Eumelea, Duncan 320 

1. rosalia, Cram 320 

2. olivacea, Hmpsn 321 

3. aureliata. Guen 321 

3. Iotaphora, Warr 322 

1. iridicolor, Butl 322 

4. Alex, Wlk 322 

1. nigrozonata, Wlk 323 

2. kelicola, Swinh 323 

3. nigripuncta, Hmpsn. . . 323 

5. Noreia, Wlk 324 

1. perdensata, Wlk 324 

6. Naxa, Wlk 324 

1. textilis, Wlk 324 

2. seriaria, Motsch 325 

3. orthostigialis, V/arr. . . 325 

7. Kambara, Moore 326 

1. saponaria, Guen 326 

2. infelix, Sivinh 326 

3. ochreicostalis, Hmpsn. 326 

4. satelliata, Wlk 327 

8. Ozola, Wlk 327 

1 . picaria, Sivinh 327 

2. f alcipennis, Moore .... 327 

3. macariata, Wlk 328 

4. microniaria, Wlk 328 

5. extersaria, Wlk 328 

6. biangulifera, Moore . . 329 

Subfam. 4. Larentiince 329 

1. Leptostegna, Christ .... 333 

1. tenerata, Christ .... 333 

2. Pseudeucblora, Hmpsn. . . 333 

1. kafebera, Swinh 334 

3. Naxidia, Hmpsn 334 

1. punctata, Butl 334 

2. irrorata, Moore 335 



SYSTEMATIC IKDEX. 



Page 

4. Dysethia, Warr 335 

1. bicommata, Warr. . . 335 

2. ocyptaria, Swinh 335 

3. straminea, Warr 336 

5. Cryptoloba, Warr 336 

1. aerata, Moore 336 

2. cinerea, Butl. 337 

3. bifasciata, Warr 337 

4. indicaria, Guer 337 

5. trinotata, Warr 338 

6. subusta, Warr. ...... 338 

6. Lobogonia, Warr 338 

1. ambusta, Warr 338 

7. Syzeuxis, Hmpsn 339 

1. trinotaria, Moore .... 339 

8. Goniopteroloba, Hmpsn. . 339 
1. zalska, Swinh 339 

9. Carige,^^ 340 

1. cruciplaga, Wlh 340 

2. rachiaria, Swinh 340 

10. Hypenorhynchus, Hmpsn. 340 

1. erectilineatum, Moore . 341 

11. Anaitis, Dap 341 

1. aequilmeata, Wlk 341 

2. pudicata, Guen 341 

3. f ulgurata, Guen 342 

4. roseifascia, Hmpsn. . . 342 

5. plagiata, Linn 342 

6. postochrea, Hmpsn. . . 343 

12. Eubolia, JDup 343 

1. nasifera, Warr 343 

2. duplicata, Warr 343 

13. Scotosia, Steph 344 

1. dubiosata, Wlk 344 

2. rubrodotata, Wlk 345 

3. tremulata, Guen 345 

4. sordidata, Moore .... 345 

14. Phibalapteryx, Steph. . . 346 

1. plurilineata, Moore . . 346 

2. suffusa, Hmpsn 346 

3. leprosa, Hmpsn 347 

4. hyperythra, Hmpsn. . . 347 

5. flavofasciata, Moore . . 347 

6. hypospilata, Guen. . . 337 

7. ghosha, Wlk 348 

15. Cataclysme, Hilbn 348 

1. conturbata, Wlk 349 

2. obliquiliueata, Hmpsn. 349 

16. Cidaria, Treitschke 349 

1. chalybearia, Moore . . 350 

2. obscurata, Moore .... 350 

3. muscicolor, Moore. . . . 350 

4. furva, Swinh 351 

5. fulvidorsata, Swinh. . . 351 

6. lativittaria, Moore. . . . 351 

7. albapex, Hmpsn 352 



Page 

8. ochreata, Moore 352 

9. scortea, Sivinh 352 

10. melidiata, Feld 353 

11. ramalaria, Feld 353 

12. variegata, Moore .... 353 

13. cingala, Moore 353 

14. intertexta, Warr 354 

15. catenaria, Moore .... 354 

16. fulvotincta, Hmpsn. . . 354 

17. aurata, Moore 355 

18. nugata, Feld 355 

19. exquisita, Warr 355 

20. dentistrigata, Warr. . . 356 

21. subrubescens, Warr... 356 

22. subangulata, Koll 356 

23. mediovittaria, Moore . . 356 

24. silaceata, Schiff. 357 

25. nivicincta, Butl 357 

26. niphonica, Butl. .... 357 

27. triangulifera, Moore . . 358 

28. interplagata, Guen. . . 358 

29. delecta, Butl 359 

30. mixtilineata, Hmpsn. . 359 

31. dissecta, Moore 359 

32. relata, Butl 359 

33. porpbyriata, Moore . . 360 

34. inextricata, Wlk 3G0 

35. aurigena, Butl 360 

36. chalcoptera, H?npsn. . . 360 

37. decurrens, Moore .... 361 

38. cervinaria, Moore .... 361 

39. fissisignis, Butl 362 

40. perficita, Wlk 362 

41. satarata, Guen 362 

42. fluviata, Hiibn 363 

43. fuscigrisea, Hmpsn. . . 363 

44. fissiferata, Wlk 363 

45. molata, Feld 364 

46. magnidcata, Wlk 364 

47. curcumata, Moore .... 365 

48. viridata, Moore 365 

49. imbrata, Guen 365 

50. obfuscata, Warr 365 

51. divergens, Butl 366 

17. Gonanticlea, Sivinh 366 

1. occlusata, Feld 366 

2. aversa, Swinh 366 

18. Larentia, Treitschke .... 367 

1. ustipennis, Hmpsn. . . 367 

2. albigirata, Koll 367 

3. siderifera, Moore .... 368 

4. argentilineata, Moore . 368 

5. homophana, Hmpsn. . . 369 

6. indistincta, Butl 369 

7. punctatissima, Warr. . 369 

8. stellata, Warr 369 



XXIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

9. cupreata, Moore 369 

10. latifusata, Wlk 370 

11. combusta, Sioirih. .... 370 

12. nigralbata, Warr 370 

13. albiplaga, Oberth. .... 370 

14. flavistrigata, Warr. . . 371 

15. brevifasciata, Warr. . . 371 

16. costipannaria, Moore. . 371 

17. maculata, Moore .... 372 

18. hypolopha, Hmpsn. . . 372 

19. abraxidia, Hmpsn. . . 372 

20. lacteiguttata, Warr. . . 372 

21. seriata, Moore 373 

22. bicolor, Warr 373 

23. apicistrigata, Warr. . . 373 

24. variabilis, Warr 373 

25. albofasciata, Moore . . 374 

26. minuta, Butt. 374 

27. conjimcta, Warr 374 

28. affinis, Moore 375 

29. fasciata, Warr 375 

30. intemipta, Warr 375 

31. albidivisa, Warr 375 

32. decorata, Moore .... 375 

33. hockingii, Butt 376 

34. lacernigera, Butl 376 

35. schistacea, Moore .... 376 

36. plumbeata, Moore .... 376 

37. olivacea, Warr 376 

38. niveopicta, Warr 377 

39. lateritiata, Moore 377 

40. cuprearia, Moore .... 377 

41 . trancata, Hilfn 378 

42. albiseriata, Warr 379 

43. undulata, Warr 379 

44. dentifasciata, Hmpsn. . 379 

45. comis, Butl 379 

46. consimilis, Warr 380 

19. Photoscotosia, Warr 380 

1. miniosata, Wlk 380 

2. obliquisignata, Moore . 381 

3. nubilata, Moore 381 

4. fulguritis, Warr 381 

5. amplicata, Wlk. ...... 382 

6. undulosa, Alpherahi . . 382 

7. atromarginata, Warr. . 382 

8. bicolor, Moore 382 

9. venipicta, Warr 383 

10. aurantiaria, Moore. . . . 383 

20. Callabraxas, Butt 383 

1. amanda, Butl 384 

21. Gandaritis, Moore 384 

1. flavata, Moore 385 

22. Physetobasis, Hmpsn. , . 385 

1. ammlata, Hmpsn 386 

2. griseipennis, Moore . . 386 



Page 

3. dentifascia, Hmpsn. . . 386 

23. Pomasia, Gum 387 

1. psylaria, Giieri 387 

2. reticulata, Hmpsn. . . 387 

3. denticlathrata, Warr. . 388 

4. pulchrilinea, Wlk 388 

24. Gymnoscelis, Mob 388 

1. ectochlora, Hmpsn. . . 388 

2. deleta, Hmpsn , . 389 

3. fasciata, Hmpsn 389 

4. roseifascia, Hmpsn. . . 389 

5. tibialis, Moore 390 

6. tristrigosa, Butl 390 

7. polyclealis, Wlk 390 

25. Chloroclystis, Hiibn 390 

1. palpata, Wlk. 391 

2. intentata, Wlk 391 

3. rubrinotata, Warr. . . 392 

4. deletarius, Hmpsn. . . 392 

5. xylinaria, Wlk 392 

6. nlicata, Swinh 393 

7. trichophora, Hmpsn. . . 393 

8. atroviridis, Warr 393 

9. infrazebrina, Hmpsn. . . 394 

10. admixtaria, Wlk 394 

11. immixtaria, Wlk 394 

12. recensitaria, Wlk 395 

13. emarginaria, Hmpsn. . . 395 

14. rufifascia, Hmpsn. .... 395 

15. indicata, Wlk 395 

16. spissidentata, Warr. . . 395 

17. chlorophilata, Wlk. . . 396 

18. lucinda, Butl 396 

19. modesta, Warr 396 

20. costalis, Moore . . 397 

21. subcostalis, Hmpsn. . . 397 

26. Eupithecia, Curt. 398 

1. eupitheciata, Wlk 398 

2. lucigera, Butl. . . 398 

3. subtacincta, Hmpsn. . . 399 

4. rigida, Sivinli 399 

5. rajata, Guen 399 

6. atrisigms, Butl 399 

7. conjunctiva, Hmpsn. . . 400 

8. acntangula, Hmpsn. . . 400 

9. latimedia, Hmpsn 400 

10. fulvipennis, Warr 400 

11. asema, Hmpsn 401 

12. hemileuca, Hmpsn. . . 401 

13. costipicta, Warr 401 

14. rufipicta, Hmpsn 401 

15. lineosa, Moore 402 

16. ustata, Moore , 402 

17. costalis, Wlk 402 

18. irambata, Warr 402 

19. rubridorsata, Hmpsn. . 403 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

20. incurvata, Moore .... 403 

27. Trichopterigia, Hmpsn. . . 403 

1 . decorata, Moore 403 

2. sanguinipunctata, Warr. 404 

3. rufinotata, Butl 404 

28. Trichopteryx, Hiibn 404 

1. sikkiina, Moore 404 

2. macularia, Moore .... 405 

3. viretata, Hiibn 405 

29. Microloba, Hmpsn 405 

1. bella, Butl 405 

30. Brabira, Moore 406 

1. atkinsoni, Moore .... 406 

2. artemidora, Oberth. . . 406 

31. Pbtbonoloba, Warr 407 

1. decussata, Moore .... 407 

32. Sauris, Gum 408 

1. normis, Hmpsn 408 

2. abnormis, Moore .... 408 

3. postalba, Hmpsn 409 

4. ignobilis, Butl 409 

5. olivacea, Warr 410 

6. biruadinata, Guen 410 

7. lineosa, Moore 410 

8. perfasciata, Hmpsn. . . 411 

9. proboscidaria, Wlk. . . 411 

10. nigripalpata, Wlk. . . 411 

11. mira bilis, Hmpsn 411 

33. Hydrelia, Hiibn 412 

1. pbasma, Butl 412 

2. rufigrisea, Warr 412 

3. purpuraria, Hmpsn. . . 413 

4. ocbracea, Warr 413 

5. marginipunctata, Warr. 413 

6. flavilinea, Warr 413 

7. bicolorata, Moore .... 413 

8. distorta, Hmpsn 414 

9. subobliquaiia, Moore. . 414 

10. rhodoptera, Hmpsn. . . 414 

11. lineata, Warr 414 

12. TpliimbeolmedLt&jHmpsn. 415 

13. pictaria, Moore 415 

14. recurvilineata, Moore . 415 

34. Venusia, Curtis 415 

1. sikkimensis, Flwes. . . . 416 

2. lilacina, Warr 416 

3. obliquisigna, Moore . . 416 

4. dbarmsalse, Butl. . , . . 417 

35. Asthena, Hiibn 417 

1. plurilinearia, Moore . . 417 

2. albosignata, Moore . . 418 

36. Polynesia, Warr 418 

1. sunandava, Wlk 418 

2. truncapex, Swinh 418 

37. Cambogia, Guen 419 

1. dissimilis, Moore .... 419 

YOL. III. 



Page 

2. memorata, Wlk 419 

3. pluristrigata, Moore . . 419 

4. marginata, Warr 420 

5. puclhella, Hmpsn 420 

6. pictaria, Moore 420 

7. plicata, Moore 421 

8. limulosa, Moore .... 421 

9. grataria, Wlk. 421 

38. Hastina, Moore 422 

1. ceeruleolineata, Moore . 422 

2. ornata, Moore 422 

3. gemmifera, Moore .... 422 

39. Staronodes, Guen 423 

1. pamphilata, Feld 423 

40. Sterrba, Herr.-lSchaffer . . 423 

1. sacraria, Linn 424 

2. paulula, Swinh, 424 

41. Lycaugidia, Hmpsn 424 

1. albata, Swinh 424 

Subfam. 5. Acidaliince 425 

1. Eupithecidia, Hmpsn. . . 426 

1. variegata. Hmpsn 426 

2. Oraspedia, Hiibn 426 

1. mecysma, Swinh 427 

2. moorei, C. $ S. 427 

3. extimaria, Wlk 427 

4. opsinaria, Swinh 427 

5. walkeri, Butl 427 

6. fluidaria, Swinh 428 

7. atriceps, Hmpsn 428 

8. eulomata, Snell 428 

9. nictata, Guen 428 

10. addictaria, Wlk 429 

11. idearia, Swinh 429 

12. linearis, Hmpsn 429 

13. modesta, Moore 429 

14. albomaculata, Moore . 430 

15. celebraria, Wlk 430 

16. deliciosaria, Wlk 430 

17. kasbmirensis, Moore . . 430 

18. pedilata, Feld 431 

] 9. opicata, Fabr 431 

20. costata, Moore 431 

21. intensata, Moore .... 431 

22. adeptaria, Wlk 432 

23. fibulata, Guen 432 

24. aspilataria, Wlk 432 

25. actuaria, Wlk 432 

26. pallida, Warr 433 

27. remotata, Guen 433 

28. butyrosa, Warr 434 

29. ceesaria, Wlk 434 

30. ferruginea, Hmpsn. . . 434 

31. ferrilineata, Moore . . 434 

32. jacta, Swinh 435 

c 



XXVI 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

83. defaraataria, Wlk 435 

84. emissaria, Wlk 435 

85. anaitisaria, Wlk 435 

86. conscensa, Swinh 435 

37. relictata, Wlk 436 

3. Acidalia, Treitschke .... 436 

1. chotaria, Siuinh 436 

2. humeraria, Wlk 437 

8. testacea, Siuinh 437 

4. bilinea, Siuinh 437 

5. micra, Hmpsn 437 

6. violacea, Hmpsn 438 

7. actiosaria, Wlk 438 

8. leucozona, Hmpsn. . . 439 

9. thricophora, Hmpsn. . . 439 

10. acuminata, Moore .... 439 

11. falcipennis, Warr 439 

12. protensa, Butl 439 

13. insuavis, Butl 440 

14. holosericata, Dup.. « . . 440 

15. amplipennis, Butl 440 

16. purpurea, Hmpsn 440 

17. triangularis, Hmpsn.. . 441 

18. lacteipennis, Butl 441 

19. rnarcidaria, Wlk 441 

20. permutans, Hmpsn. . . 441 

21. deviaria, Wlk 442 

22. volutaria, Siuinh 442 

23. sanguinaria, Moore . . 442 

4. Chrysocraspeda, Hmpsn. 443 

1. mitigata, Wlk 443 

2. plumbeofusa, Siuinh.. . 443 

3. abhadraca, Wlk 443 

4. olearia, Guen 444 

5. iole, Siuinh 444 

6. chrysocilia, Hmpsn. . . 444 

7. marginata, Siuinh 445 

5. Ephyra, Dup 445 

1. invexata, Wlk 445 

2. validaria, Wlk 446 

"6. Anisodes, Guen 446 

1. obrinaria, Guen 446 

2. absconditaria, Wlk. . . 447 

3. denticulata, Hmpsn. . . 447 

4. interpulsata, Wlk 447 

5. argentispila, Warr. . . 448 

6. dotilla, Swinh 448 

7. intermixtaria, Siuinh. . 448 

8. pulverulenta, Siuinh. . . 448 

9. annulifera, Hmpsn. . . 448 

10. heydena, Siuinh 449 

11. obstataria, Wlk 449 

12. nebulosata, Wlk 449 

13. ignorata, Wlk 449 

14. monetaria, Guen 450 

15. discifera, Swinh 450 



Page 

16. posticampla, Siuinh. . . 450 

17. intortaria, Guen 450 

18. maximaria, Guen 451 

7. Organopoda, Hmpsn 451 

1. caruearia, Wlk. ...... 451 

2. annulifera, Butl 452 

8. Erythrolophus, Siuinh. . . 452 

1. idasa, Siuinh 452 

2. semiustus, Swinh 452 

3. hampsoni, Swinh 453 

4. punctiniargo, Hmpsn. . 453 

5. genutlexus, Hmpsn. . . 453 

6. hyriarius, Wlk 453 

7. diffusifascia, Siuinh. . . 454 

8. pallivittatus, Moore . . 454 

9. persimilis, Moore .... 454 

10. lascicorpus, Swinh. . . 454 

11. albivertex, Siuinh 455 

12. prasonarius, Siuinh. . . 455 

9. Rhodostrophia, Hilbn. . . 455 

1. yinacearia, Moore .... 455 

2. tristrigalis, Butl 456 

3. rara, Butl 456 

4. pelloniaria, Guen 456 

5. meonaria, Guen 456 

6. herbicolens, Butl 457 

7. siniilata, Moore 457 

8. hsematozona, Hmpsn. . 457 

9. inconspicua, Butl 457 

10. borealis, Siuinh 457 

11. cinerascens, Moore . . 458 

10. Timandra, Dup 458 

1. amataria, Linn 458 

2. correspondens, Hmpsn. 459 

3. responsaria, Moore . . 459 

4. aventiaria, Guen 459 

5. mundissinia, Wlk 460 

11. Trygodes, Guen 460 

1. divisaria, Wlk. ...... 460 

2. cuneilinea, Wlk 461 

12. Problepsis, Led 461 

1. deliaria, Guen 462 

2. delphiaria, Guen 462 

3. cinerea, Butl 462 

4. conjunctiva, Warr. . . 463 

13. Somatina, Guen 463 

1. cana, Hmpsn 463 

2. extrusat'a, Wlk 463 

3. anthophilata, Guen. . . 464 

4. plynusai\a, Wlk 464 

5. lapidata, Warr 465 

6. rosacea, Swinh 465 

7. subusta, Warr 465 

8. turbata, Wlk, 465 

9. lunuliferata, Tf7A 466 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

Subfam. 6. Geometrince .... 466 

1. Euscherua, Hiibn 467 

1. militaris, Linn 468 

2. bellona^OTb 469 

3. bellonaria, Guen 469 

4. primicolor, Moore . . 469 

5. andamana, Moore .... 470 

6. minervaria, Guen 470 

7. aurilimbata, Moore . . 470 

8. palmyra, St oil 470 

9. percota, Swinh 471 

10. recessa, Wlk 471 

11. vilis, Wlk 471 

12. flavifusa, Hmpsn 471 

2. Pseudoterpna, Hiibn 472 

1. ruginaria, Guen 472 

2. chlora, Cram 473 

3. tepkrosiaria, Guen. . . 473 

4. dispensata, Wlk 473 

5. alba, Swinh 474 

6. venusta, Warr 474 

7. costistrigaria, Moore . . 474 

8. eriononia, Swinh 474 

9. Taricoloraria, Moore . . 475 

10. vigens, But I. 475 

11. opalina, Warr 475 

12. similis, Moore 475 

13. hsemataria, Herr.- 

Schaffer 476 

14. ornataria, Moore .... 476 

15. apicalis, Moore 476 

16. crocina, Butl 477 

17. leopardinata, Moore . . 477 

18. polyphsenaria, Guen.. . 477 

19. subrosea, Warr 478 

20. dorcada, Swinh 478 

21. pictaria, Moore 478 

22. nelearia, Guen 478 

23. rninimaria, Guen 479 

24. niuscicoloraria, Wlk. . . 479 

25. subtepens, Wlk 479 

26. usneata, Feld 479 

27. baba, Swinh 480 

28. subopalina, Warr 480 

29. fariiiosa, Warr 480 

30. subornata, Warr 480 

3. Sphagnodela, WaiT 480 

,1: lucida, Warr 481 

4. Xenozancla, Warr 481 

1. versicolor, Warr 481 

5. Chlorodontopera, Warr. . . 482 

1. discopilata, Moore. . . . 482 

2. chalybeata, Moore. . . . 482 

3. seruginata, Warr 483 

4. palliplagiata, Wlk. . . 483 



Page: 

5. viridata, Moore 483 

6. ocellata, Swinh 483 

7. robustaria, Guen 484 

8. pamiosa, Moore 484 

9. devexata, Wlk 484 

6. Agathia, Guen 485 

1. magnirica, Moore .... 485 

2. intercissa, Wlk 485 

3. lycgenaria, Koll 485 

4. beinithearia, Guen. . . 486 

5. beata, Butl 486 

6. codina, Siuinh 486 

7. visenda, Butl 486 

8. arcuata, Moore 487 

9. laetata, Fabr 487 

7. Uliocnemis, Warr 487 

1. partita, Wlk 488 

2. cassidara, Guen 488 

3. albimarginata, Warr. . 489 

4. albiviridis, Moore .... 489 

5. tumidilinea, Moore . . 489 

8. Heinithea, Dup 490 

1. albiradiata, Warr 490 

2. ockrolauta, Warr 490 

3. nigropunctata, Warr. . 491 

4. tritonaria, Wlk 491 

5. gr aminea, Hmpsn 491 

6. aquamarina, Hmpsn.. . 491 

7. distinctaria, Wlk 491 

8. disjuncta, Wlk 492 

9. rubripicta, Warr 492 

9. Tanaorrhirms, Butl 492 

1. reciprocatus, Wlk 493 

2. viridiluteatus, Wlk. . . 493 

3. kina, Swinh 494 

4. vittatus, Moore 494 

5. falcatus, Hmpsn 494 

10. Aporandria, Warr 494 

1. specularia, Guen 495 

11. Geometra, Linn 495 

1. srnaragdus, Butl 495 

2. flavifrontaria, Guen. . . 496 

3. pictipennis, Butl. .... 496 

4. chalybeata, Moore 496 

5. delineata, Warr 497 

6.£ea,,Butl 497 

12. Eucbloris, Hiibn 497 

1. detracta, Wlk 498 

2. radiata, Wlk 498 

3. uvidula, Swinh 498 

4. gracilis, Butl 498 

5. quantula, Swinh 499 

6. inductaria, Guen 499 

7. dispansa, Wlk 499 

8. caerulea, Warr 499 

9. pyrrhogona, Wlk 500 



xxvm 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

10. subtiliaria, Brem 500 

11. signifera, Warr 501 

12. ovifera, War?- 501 

13. efformata, Warr 501 

13. Nemoria, Hiibn 501 

1. dispartita, Wlk 502 

2. gelida, Butl 502 

3. indecretata, Wlk 502 

4. solidaria, Gue/i 502 

5. directa, Wlk 503 

6. leprosa, Hmpsn 503 

7. detenta, Wlk 503 

8. quadrinotata, Butl. . . 503 

9. integranota, Hmpsn. . . 504 
10. smaragdus, Hmpsn. . . 504 

14. Eucrostes, Hiibn 504 

1. disparata, Wlk 504 

15. Maxates, Moore 505 

1. coelataria, Wlk 505 

2. macariata, Wlk 505 

3. xanthochlora, Swinh. . 506 

16. Paramaxates, Warr 506 

1. polygraph aria, Wlk. . . 506 

17. Thalassodes, Guen 507 

1. quadraria, Guen 507 

2. veraria, Guen 508 

3. albomaculata, Hmpsn. . 508 

4. chloropis, Meyr 508 

5. marinaria, Guen 508 

6. flavifusata, Wlk 508 

7. strix, Butl 509 



Page 

8. thetydaria, Guen 509 

9. glaucaria, Wlk 509 

10. opalaria, Guen 509 

11. griseoviridis, Warr. . . 509 

12. gavissima, Wlk. 510 

13. textilis, Butl 510 

14. divapala, Wlk. ...... 510 

15. semialba, Wlk 511 

16. ophthalmicata, Moore . 511 

17. pastor, Butl 511 

18. sanguilmeata, Moore . . 512 

19. acutissima, Wlk 512 

20. dissimulata, Wlk 512 

21. inaptaria, Wlk 513 

22. rubrolimbraria, Guen. . 513 

23. obnupta, Swinh 513 

24. uniformis, Hmpsn. .... 513 

25. avicularia, Guen 513 

26. lineata, Moore 514 

27. variegata, Butl 514 

28. vallata, Butl 514 

18. Thalera, Hiibn 514 

1. rubrimargo, Warr 515 

2. caudularia, Guen 515 

3. argutaria, Wlk 515 

4. unifascia, Hmpsn 515 

5. viata, Moore 516 

6. pallescens, Hmpsn. . . 516 

7. liliana, Swinh 516 

8. chrysolineata, Wlk. . . 516 

9. acte, Sivinh 517 



Family NOCTUID.E 

[continued) . 

Subfamily FOCILLINJS. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, with the 2nd joint curved and reaching 
vertex of head or above it, the 3rd usually long. Tore wing with 
vein 6 from angle of cell ; 8 given off: from 7 and anastomosing 
with 9, which is given off from 10 to form the areole. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 from angles of cell ; 5 fully developed. 
Legs with the tibiae and tarsal joints short and stout. 

Larvae, semiloopers, with the first or first two pairs of abdominal 
prolegs almost always rudimentary or absent. 



Key to the Genera. 

A. Hind wing with vein 5 from well above 

lower angle of cell. 

a. Fore wing with the outer margin more 

or less angled. 
a . Thorax with no crest. 

a 2 . Palpi usually of moderate length 

and without tufts of hair 4. 

6 2 . Palpi of moderate length, the 2nd 

and 3rd joints with tufts of hair . 6. 
c 2 . Palpi long, the 3rd joint with a 

tuft of hair on inner side * 5. 

b'. Thorax with a high crest behind the 
collar 7. 

b. Fore wing with the outer margin not 

angled. 
a'. Metathorax and abdomen without 
tufts. 
a 2 . Fore wing broad and rounded. 

Large stoutly-built moths 

b 2 . Fore wing narrower, the apex some 
what acute. Small slenderly- 
built moths 10 

c 2 . Fore wing with the apex rounded, 

the outer margin oblique 1 

b'. Metathorax and abdomen with slight 
tufts 9. 

B. Hind wing with vein 5 from close to lower 

angle of cell. 
a. Fore wing with the outer margin angled ; 
hind wing with the costa curved at 
base, the outer margin slightly excised 
below apex 11. 



Zethes, p. 7. 

LoPHARTHRUM, p. 18, 

Egnasia, p. 15. 
Hyperlopha, p. 19. 



8. Capnodes, p. 20. 

Baparna, p. 24. 
Hyposemansis, p. 2. 
Diomea, p. 23. 



Cephena, p. 28. 



* In E. sinuosa the outer margin of fore wing is not angled. 
VOL. III. B 



XOCTUIDM. 

Fore wing with the outer margin not or 

hardly angled. 
a'. Fore wing with the apex rounded . . 12. Avitta, p. 28. 
b'. Fore wing with the apex rectangular. 
a 2 . Hind wing with the outer margin 

rounded 2. Mecodina, p. 3. 

b 2 . Hind wing with the outer margin 

angled 3. Psimada, p. 7. 

c' '. Fore wing with the apex acute and 

somewhat produced, 13. Dierna, p. 29. 



Genus HYPOSEMANSIS, nov. 

Type, H. singha, Guen. 

Range. Sikhim ; Assam ; Calcutta. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd 
long ; antennas of male minutely ciliated ; thorax and abdomen 
without tufts ; tibiae fringed with hair, the mid tibiae with long 
tufts from the base. Fore wing with the costa arched ; the apex 
rounded ; the outer margin oblique. Hind wing with the outer 
margin oblique and slightly crenulate ; vein 5 from middle of disco- 
cell ulars. 

2704. Hyposemansis singha, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 372 ; C. fy S. no. 2817. 
Zethes amynoides, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 181, pi. 6, fig. 2 ; C. fy S. 
no. 2712. 

Dull fuscous. Fore wing with indistinct subbasal and ante- 
medial lines whitish on costal area; a waved and excurved post- 
medial line arising from a white patch on costa. Hind wing with 
traces of dark medial and pale submarginal lines ; cilia of both 




Fig. 1. — Hyposemansis singha, <$. \. 

wings with slight pale patches. Underside ochreous, variegated 
with pale and dark red-brown ; fore wing with pale spot in cell 
and lunule on discocellulars ; both wings with irregularly waved 
ante- and postmedial lines ; hind wing with the outer area mostly 
ochreous. 

Hests with the wings folded over the back like a butterfly. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Xhasis ; Margharita, Assam ; Calcutta. Exp. 42 
millim. 



MECODINA. 



Genus MECODINA. 

Mecodina, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 372 (1852). 
Nasaya, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 173 (1882). 
Seneratia, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 202 (1884) 
Pantura, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 247. 
Arseognatha, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 129 (1893) 

Type, M. lanceola, Guen. 

Range. Japan; Himalayas, Assam, Malabar, Ceylon, Burma; 
Andamans, Borneo. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head, the 
3rd long and naked. Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; mid 
and hind tibiae slightly fringed with hair on outer side. Fore wing 
with the apex rectangular ; the areole usually narrow. Hind wing 
with vein 5 from close to lower angle of cell. 

Sect. 1. (Mecodina). Antennae of male of moderate length, with 
short cilia ; fore wing long and narrow. 

*2705. Mecodina lanceola, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 373, pi. 24, fig. 5; 
C. # S. no. 2818. 

d . Red-brown ; the wings suffused with purplish or slate- 
colour, with a fine brown-edged light marginal line. Pore wing 
with indistinct waved subbasal, antemedial, postmedial, and sub- 
marginal lines ; a dark spot at centre of cell. ; the renif orm narrow 
and slate-coloured, with brown edges ; a semicircular brown apical 
patch. Hind wing with indistinct nearly straight medial line, 
and two waved postmedial lines with a dentate line beyond them. 
Hob. Sylhet. Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. II. (Arwognatha). Antenna? of male of moderate length, 
with long cilia. 

A. Fore and hind wings ivitli the outer margin not excised towards 
outer and anal angles. 

2706. Mecodina cineratia, Butl. III. Het. iii, p. 27, pi. 47, fig. 4. 

Egnasia costipannosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 184 ; C. fy S. no. 2735. 

Dark greyish brown. Pore wing with indistinct curved antemedial 
line ; a black speck in cell and indistinct striga from costa above 
it ; the outer half of wing, except the apical area, suffused with 

dark brown ; a black and 
brown line on discocellu- 
lars ; an indistinct curved 
lunulate postmedial line 
and irregularly waved 
submarginal line with 
large triangular deep 
chocolate patch on it at 
costa, two specks below 
middle and one at outer 




Fig. 2. — Mecodina cineratia, $ . 



angle. Hind wing with traces of two antemedial lines ; a sinuous 

b 2 



4 NOCTUID^. 

postmedial line excurved at middle, and with deep chocolate suf- 
fusion inside it from middle to inner margin ; a dark spot near 
anal angle. Underside with two waved lines to fore wing, and 
three to hind wing. 

Some specimens are more uniform dark grey, with the chocolate 
triangular patch and suffusion inside postmedial line less prominent. 

Hab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38-46 
millim. 

2707. Mecodina analis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc 1890, p. 263, pi. 8, 

fig. 5. 

5 . Differs from cineratia in being purplish fuscous without the 
brown tinge. Fore wing with dark marks on the lines at costa ; 
no black suffusion on disk or spots in and at end of cell or on 
middle of submarginal line and at outer angle. Hind wing without 
black suffusion or black patches on the submarginal line, except at 
outer angle. Underside with pale lunule at end of cell, and pale 
postmedial line to both wings ; hind wing with medial and post- 
medial waved lines on dark ground. 

Hab. Khasis ; Rangoon. Eocp. 38 millim. 

2708. Mecodina placida, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 194 ; C. 8? S. no. 2981. 

Fuscous brown. Fore wing with indistinct antemedial, post- 
medial, and submarginal waved lines ; the postmedial highly ex- 
curved round cell, then bent inwards to below the obscure reniform 
mark. Hind wing with indistinct medial and postmedial waved 
lines. Underside of both wings with indistinct cell-spot and 
sinuous postmedial and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

2709. Mecodina umbrosa, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 129, pi. 167, fig. 2. 
<$ . Differs from placida in having the costa clouded with black ; 

the lines double and more prominent ; the spot on discocellulars 
slightly reddish. Hind wing with diffused medial indistinct line ; 
the postmedial line blacker, more dentate, and prominent. 

Tne colour may be pafe brown clouded with black, or nearly 
uniform dark purplish brown. 

Hab. Khasis ; Ceylon. Exp. 38 millim. 

I 2710. Mecodina subviolacea, Butt. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 581. 
Thyridospila virgata, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 415. 

Violaceous grey or dull red-brown. Fore wing with indistinct 
antemedial dark dentate line ; a medial band diffused outwards ; 
a postmedial waved and excurved line ; a large triangular chocolate 
patch on the costa with pale edges ; a series of white submarginal 
specks. Hind wing with ante- and postmedial ill-defined lines, 
the latter often with pale outer edge towards inner margin. 

Hab. Japan; N.W.Himalayas; Margharita, Assam. Exp. 36 
millim. 



MECODINA. 5 

2711. Mecodina agrestis, Swinh. Trans. Ent Soc. 1890, p. 262. 
Bertula ethnica, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 263, pi. 8, fig-. 11. 

2 • Dark purplish grey. Fore wing with indistinct subbasal, 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial waved red-brown lines ; the 
outer area suffused with grey-brown, and with traces of a sub- 
marginal paler waved line. Hind wing with traces of antemedial 
and medial oblique waved lines ; a postmedial diffused line with a 
waved line beyond it, and more or less pronounced ochreous patch 
at anal angle. 

Hab. N". Canara ; Eangoon. Exp. 30 millim. 

2712. Mecodina odontophora, Swinh. MS. 

<3 . Head rufous ; thorax and abdomen fuscous, the latter with 
the anal tuft fulvous. Pore wing grey-brown with a fulvous 
tinge ; two indistinct waved antemedial lines ; a black speck in 
cell ; a nearly straight medial line ; the reniform conspicuous ; 
two curved postmedial lines highly dentate below vein 6, the inner 
line very indistinct ; an oblique fulvous streak across the apex, 
and patch on costa at apex ; a lunulate marginal line. Hind wing 
with the basal half suffused with grey ; the outer half rufous, with 
traces of two waved lines and some pale brown patches; the 
margin and cilia grey with fine dark lines. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 46 millim. 



B. Fore and hind ivings with the outer margin excised towards 
outer and anal angles. 

2713. Mecodina albodentata, Swinh. MS. 

$ . Differs from cineratia in there being no black suffusion on 
disk of fore wing ; the reniform spot and postmedial line indis- 
tinct ; the patch on costa of fore wing produced as an oblique band 
to middle of outer margin, and with the black spots below it 
replaced by a slender silvery-white highly dentate line. Hind 
wing with the lines indistinct and not marked with black ; a grey 
patch surrounded by black-brown suffusion on outer margin near 
anal angle. Underside with two small white patches on costa of 
fore wing towards apex. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 



Sect. III. (Nasaya). Antennae of male short and minutely 
ciliated. 

2714. Mecodina hepatica, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 173 ; C. $ S. no. 2319. 

3 . Head, thorax, and fore wing liver-red, the last irrorated with 
greenish grey, especially on costal area and disk ; abdomen and 
hind wing dark fuscous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Eangoon. Exp. 30 millim. 



6 noctuid^;. 

Sect. IV. Antennae of male with strong fascicles of cilia. 

2715. Mecodina oxydata, Swinh. MS. 

Brownish liver-colour. Fore wing with antemedial waved line 
on a diffused ochreous band ; dark specks in and at end of cell, 
the former with striga above it on costa ; a crenulate medial line 
with a diffused ochreous band beyond it on which is the crenulate 
postmedial line;, an indistinct sinuous submarginal line and 
marginal series of specks. Hind wing fuscous ; underside ochreous, 
with cell-speck and postmedial line. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp., <$ 34, $ 36 millim. 

Sect. V. (Pantura). Antennas of male short and serrate. 

2716. Mecodina ophiusalis, WTk. Cat. xvi, p. 173 ; Moore. Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 177, fig. 4 ; C.$S. no. 3007. 

Red-brown ; the head and collar dark chestnut. Fore wing 
with a speck at base ; sinuous antemedial and medial lines oblique 
towards inner margin ; a black lunule on discocellulars often 
broken up into spots ; a postmedial line oblique below costa and 
angled above inner margin, with a nearly straight pale line beyond 
it ; a chocolate quadrate patch on costa before apex ; a sinuous 
submarginal line. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 42 millim. 

Sect. VI. (Seneratia). Antennae of male almost as long as fore wing, 
and with long curved spines to the joints as well as cilia. 

2717. Mecodina praecipua, wih. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1056; Moore, Lep. 
' Ceyl iii, pi. 173, figs. 2, 2a; 0. # S. no. 2775. / 

Sympis turbida, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1877, p. 611 ; C. $ S. no. 2762. 

Violaceous grey ; the head bright chestnut ; collar red-brown at 
base. Fore wing with subbasal, ante- and postmedial indistinct 
waved lines, the last excurved beyond cell ; a medial indistinct 
diffused line; a large subtriangular chocolate patch with pale 
f| edges on the costa before apex ; a series of submarginal white and 

dark' specks. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial, postmedial, 
and submarginal waved lines ; the outer area suffused with dark 
red-brown. 

The form turbida from the Andamans is without the triangular 
chocolate patch on fore wing. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Andamans. Exp. 46-54 millim. 

2718. Mecodina ruficeps, n. sp. 

2 . Fuscous with a slight purplish tinge ; the head rufous. Fore 
wing with pale ante- and postmedial patches ; waved ante- and 
postmedial lines ; an oblique ill-defined medial black band ; a black 
speck at lower angle of cell ; an indistinct sinuous submarginal line ; 



MECODINA. — ZETHES. 7 

a marginal crenulate line. Hind wing with pale patch beyond 
end of cell ; an ill-defined anteinedial narrow black line ; a waved 
medial line and indistinct sinuous submarginal line. 

Hob. Nagas, 3000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 46 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

Genus PSIMADA. 
Psimada, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1827 (1858). 

Type, P. quadripennis, Wlk. 

Range. China : Malabar ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Andamans. 

Differs from Mecodina in the 3rd joint of the palpi being 
shorter ; the antennas of male ciliated, the medial portion thickened 
by a ridge of scales on upper surface ; hind wing with the outer 
margin angled at middle. 

2719. Psimada quadripennis, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1828; Moore, Lep, 
^Veijl. hi, pi. 170, fig. 2 ; C.$S. no. 2629. 

Head and collar red-brown; thorax paler; abdomen fuscous. 

Eore wing with the basal half 
pale red-brown, the outer dark 
with a purplish tinge ; traces 
of antemedial, medial, and post- 
medial waved lines and sub- 
marginal series of white specks ; 
a large triangular dark red-brown 
patch on costa at apex. Hind 
wing dark, with a purplish tinge 
Psimada ouadripmnis, rf . f. on basal _ half ; the outer half 

redder, with a large semicircular 

pale patch on outer margin towards anal angle. Underside with 

the apex of fore wing whitish and with a submarginal oblique line. 

Hab. N. China ; Canara ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Andamans. Exp. 

42 millim. 

Genus ZETHES. 0fo '' ' 

Zethes, Ramb. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1833, p. 29.* 
Cultripalpa, Guen. Met. iii, p. 332 (1852). 
Marmorinia, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 370. 
Saraca, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1190 (1865). 
Tamba, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Set. p. 94 (1869). 
Obdora, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 95. 

Type, Z. insularis, Ramb., from Europe. 

Range. Mediterranean subregion ; Japan ; China ; and through- 
out the Oriental region. 

Palpi thickly scaled, the 2nd joint obliquely upturned to above 
vertex of head, the 3rd usually long. Thorax and abdomen usually 
smoothly scaled ; tibiae moderately hairy. Eore wing with the 
apex acute ; the outer margin more or less angled at middle, 
Hind wing with vein 5 from below middle of discocellulars. 





o itoctuid^;. 

Sect. I. Outer margin of both wings slightly angled 
antennae ciliated. 

A. Fore wing not produced at apex. 

a. Cilia of both ivings non-crenulate. 

a'. Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints of moderate length. 

a 2 . Abdomen with no dorsal tufts. 

2720. Zethes angnlina, Gum. Noct. iii, p. 351 ; C. $ S. no. 2763. 
Thermesia arenacea, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1056; C. fy S. no. 2767. 
Thermesia retraliens, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1063 ; C. 8f S. no. 2772. 
Thermesia consocia, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1057. 

Pale red-brown. Fore wing with antemedial pale line acutely 

angled below costa ; a pale speck in cell 

and line on discocellulars ; a postmedial 

line very highly angled beyond cell : 

some pale specks on costa towards apex ; 

submarginal and almost marginal series 

of indistinct dark specks. Hind wing 

with dark speck in cell ; pale straight 

rv 7 Fl g-4. medial line; traces of postmedial and 

Zethes anguhna, tf . |. ^^ margmal serieg q£ ^^^ 

Hab. Sylhet. Exp. 36 millim. 

2721. Zethes ffavibnmnea, n. sp. 

$ . Differs from angulina in being yellow-brown. Fore wing 
with the antemedial line obsolete ; minute black specks at middle 
and end of cell ; the postmedial line not quite so sharply angled ; 
no white specks on costa, and the veins not whitish on marginal area 
of either wing. 

Hab. E. Pegu, 4500 feet (Doherty). Exp. 40 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2722. Zethes duplicilinea, n. sp. 

Head and thorax fuscous black; abdomen red-brown. Pore 
wing brown, suffused with rufous in parts ; the basal area fuscous ; 
a curved subbasal line ; an antemedial line angled in the cell ; 
traces of a spot in the cell and lunule at end of it ; an indistinct 
medial line excurved round cell ; a double postmedial line angled 
below the costa, its outer portion greyish and met by a dark 
streak from apex ; an indistinct dentate submarginal line. Hind 
wing with traces of an antemedial line ; a speck at end of cell ; a 
rufous patch on the disk, crossed by a double postmedial line on a 
grey band ; traces of a dentate submarginal line. 

Bornean and Javan specimens have the thorax chestnut ; a 
Sikhim male is purplish fuscous, with dark brown suffusion and 
grey patch on costa of fore wing before apex. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nagas ; Borneo ; Java. Exp. 40 millim. Type 
in B. M. 



ZETHES. y 

2723. Zethes vaga, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1057 ; C. $ S. no. 2744. 
Eguasia cinerea, But I. III. Het. vii, p. 89, pi. 135, fig. 1. 

Fuscous brown and grey ; the medial and apical areas of fore 
wing and the wiiole of hind wing, except the costal area, suffused 
with yellowish red-brown ; underside with the ground-colour 
ochreous, the markings rufous. Fore wing with short subbasal 
line ; sinuous diffused autemedial line ; indistinct spot in cell and 
on discocellulars ; traces of a medial line ; a postmedial line 
excurved beyond cell ; a dentate submarginal ochreous line with 
diffused black on its inner side. Hind wing with black spot at 
end of cell ; a sinuous postmedial line ; an irregularly dentate sub- 
marginal ochreous line with diffused black on its inner side. 

Bab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Sylhet. Exp. 40 millim. 

2724. Zethes tipula, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 265. 

<3 . Dark reddish brown, suffused with purplish grey. Fore wing 
with indistinct antemedial, medial, postmedial, and submarginal 
lines ; the first waved, the second and third angled below costa, and 
with the space between them darker, the third with a white line 
on it from costa to angle, the fourth sinuous. Hind wing with 
traces of antemedial, medial, and submarginal lines. Underside 
with the lines more distinct ; the costa of fore wing grey. 
Bab. Shan States. Exp. 26 millim. 

2725. Zethes perturbans, Wlk. Cat xv, p. 1525 ; C. $ S. no. 2717. ^ 
Egnasia triniantesalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 220 ; C.8f 8. no. 2725. 
Saraca pannosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 182 ; C. fy S. no. 2724. 

Red-brown, irrorated with grey and suffused with fuscous. 
Fore wing with traces of subbasal line ; diffused dark antemedial 
line ; a very indistinct reniform spot on a rufous patch ; a sinuous 
postmedial line excurved beyond cell, and with a large grey 
triangular patch on the costa beyond it ; an indistinct dentate 
submarginal line. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line ; 
a medial line slightly angled beyond cell; traces of a dentate sub- 
marginal line ; some rufous suffusion on disk. Underside suffused 
with rufous ; the costa of fore wing greyish. 

Bab. Japan; Sikhim; Sylhet; Nagas; Burma. Exp. 38 millim. 

2726. Zethes sphaeriphora, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 79; C. $ S. 

no. 2723. 

$ . Greyish red-brown. Fore wing with waved antemedial 
indistinct line ; a comma-shaped semihyaline spot in the cell, and 
slight lunule at end of it ; a diffused fuscous medial line excurved 
beyond cell ; a curved crenulate postmedial line, with a chocolate 
triangular patch beyond it on costa continued as a diffused band 
to inner margin. Hind wing with indistinct medial, postmedial, 
and submarginal crenulate lines, the marginal area rufous. Under- 
side suffused with grey. 

Bab. " Bengal." Exp. 44 millim. 



10 NOCTUID^]. 

2727. Zethes renalis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 194, pi. 172, fig. 12 ; 

a $ S. no. 2718. 

c? . Head and thorax rufous ; abdomen fuscous, with ochreous 
anal tuft. Fore wing grey-brown, suffused with rufous, especially 
at base and apex ; traces of a subbasal pale line ; an antemedial 
oblique line angled below costa ; the renii'orm dark, with pale out- 
line ; the postmedial line oblique from costa to vein 4, where it is 
very highly angled, then crenulate to inner margin ; a greyish 
patch from costa to its angle ; a marginal series of dark specks. 
Hind wing dark fuscous, the inner area with a reddish tinge ; a 
marginal series of dark specks. Underside pale. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

b 2 . Abdomen with dorsal tufts on proximal segments. 

2728. Zethes pulcherrima, Butl. III. Het. m, p. 67, pi. 57, figs. 5-9. 

Head pale brown; thorax pink and yellow; abdomen fuscous 
with a white basal band. Eore wing with the basal area and the 
costal area to near apex pink, the rest of wing fuscous ; indistinct 
yellowish subbasal and antemedial lines ; a black speck at lower 
angle of cell ; a postmedial line angled below the costa, then 
obliquely sinuous to near middle of inner margin ; a purple patch 
with dark marks on it from the end of pink area to above middle 
of outer margin ; a whitish or grey patch on the costa before apex ; 
an indistinct submarginal whitish line. Hind wing with the base 
pink ; traces of a medial line ; a submarginal series of white 
specks and fulvous spot above anal angle. 

Hab. Japan; N. China; Simla. Exp. 28 millim. 

2729. Zethes pictipennis, n. sp. 

S . Differs from pulcherrima in having the rosy-brown area of 
fore wing more extensive, reaching the apex and embracing two 
minute black specks at end of cell; the postmedial line less 
angled below costa, then much less oblique ; the submarginal line 
with some white on each side of it towards inner margin. Hind 
wing much more variegated ; the medial and postmedial lines much 
more distinct ; a series of white lunules on inner area, and black 
specks on the apical area just inside the margin. 

Hab. Trivandrum {Fergusson). Exp. 30 millim. Type in B. M. 

b'. Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints much longer. 

2730. Zethes talusalis, Wih. Cat. xvi, p. 219 ; C. $ S. no. 2743. 

2 . Dull ochreous brown. Tore wing with minute white speck 
in cell and two at end of it ; an indistinct fulvous submarginal 
band angled outwards at middle ; a crenulate marginal line. Hind 
wino- with indistinct nearly straight postmedial fulvous band and 
crenulate marginal line. 

Hab. Moulmein. Exp. 34 millim. 



ZETHES. 11 

b. Cilia of both wings crenulate. 

2731. Zethes shivula, Gum. Noct. iii, p. 372; C. fy S. no. 2816. 
Zethes xylochroma, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1525 j C.fyS. no. 2721. 
Egnasia grisangula, Bmpsn. III. Bet. viii, p. 90, pi. 147, fig. 3. 

Differs from perturbans in the postmedial line of fore wing and 
medial line of hind wing being dentate ; the costal grey patch 
smaller and placed further from the apex. 

Shivula is rufous brown, with a grey apical patch to fore wing, 
and a purplish band beyond the postmedial line of hind wing, 
whilst grisangula is much more uniform fuscous brown. 

Bab. Sylhet ; Nilgiris. Exp. 34 millim. 

B. Fore wing produced at apex. 

2732. Zethes inornata, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 848 ; C. 8? S. no. 3202. 

Olive-brown, thickly irrorated and suffused with grey ; a very 
highly angled antemedial line with an indistinct and still more 
highly angled line arising from the same point on the costa ; the 
orbicular grey ; the reniform with grey outline ; a postmedial line 
very highly angled below the costa, where it is joined by an oblique 
line from the costa and a streak from the apex ; traces of a sub- 
marginal grey line. Hind wing with antemedial and medial lines ; 
traces of a submarginal grey line. Underside with the costa of 
fore wing whitish. 

Bab. Simla; Murree. Exp., $ 42, $ 46 millim. 

Sect. II. Eore and hind wiugs with the outer margin more angled. 

A. Cilia of both wings non-crenulate ; antennce minutely 
ciliated. 

a. Palpi with the 3rd joint not thickly clothed with hair. 

2733. Zethes hesperoides, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 330. / 
Zethes ha3sitans, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1524 ; C. 8r S. no. 2715. 
Zethes umbrifera, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 253. 

Dark fuscous red-brown. Tore wing with indistinct curved 
waved antemedial line ; an indistinct reniform spot ; a waved and 
curved postmedial line, with a large dark brown patch beyond it on 
the costa ; some pale specks on costa before apex ; an indistinct 
dentate submarginal line. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal lines ; a grey apical patch with dark 
spot on it. Underside with the postmedial line of both wings 
crenulate and with grey suffusion inside it. 

One specimen is without the dark costal patch of fore wing and 
grey apical patch of hind wing. 

Bab. Ganjain ; Burma. Exp. 38 millim. 



12 noctuid^;. 

b. Palpi with the 3rd joint thickly clothed with hair. 

2734. Zethes costalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 28, pi. 6, fig. 10 ; 

C. Sf S. no. 2752. 

S . Head and collar fulvous ; thorax pale, the ruetathorax reddish 
black ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing red-brown, clouded with 
fuscous, the costal area ochreous white ; a white speck in cell ; 
the reniform rufous, with white outline ; a diffused fuscous medial 
line ; a postmedial indistinct dentate line with a series of pale 
specks on it ; a submarginal white line angled at vein 4 ; an almost 
marginal series of dark specks ; the veins of outer area ochreous. 
Hind wing rufous, clouded with fuscous ; a speck at end of cell ; 
an indistinct diffused medial line and dentate postmedial line with 
pale speck on it ; a nearly straight whitish submarginal line ; the 
veins of outer area ochreous. 

Hab. Andamans. Exp. 40 millim. 

B. Cilia of both ivings crenulate. 

a. Costa of fore wing not excised beyond middle. 

a'. Antennce of male minutely ciliated. 

2735. Zethes usurpatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 219 ; C. $ S. no. 2720. 
Focilla decolor, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1029 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 172, fig. 8 ; C. 8f 8. no. 2714. 
Tamba submicacea, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 94; C. Sr S. 
no. 2833. 

Pinkish grey. Fore wing with subbasal and antemedial pale 
lines ; a speck in cell ; two indistinct waved medial fuscous lines ; 
a large pale reniform spot ; a double postmedial line highly angled 
beyond cell ; a rufous patch on outer margin below apex ; a sub- 
marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing with speck in cell ; 
double postmedial line recurved near inner margin ; traces of a 
lunulate submarginal line ; a series of dark specks near the margin. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Burma. Exp. 40 millim. 

2736. Zethes lineifera, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1070; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 172, fig. 5 ; C. $ S. no. 2716. / 
Zethes sondaicus, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. 1877, p. 38, pi. 2, fig. 17. 

Pale ochreous, irrorated with fuscous ; thorax suffused with 
fuscous. Pore wing with the basal area suffused with olive-green ; 
an antemedial black line recurved to inner margin near base ; some 
fuscous suffusion on median nervure ; a double postmedial line 
highly angled beyond cell and slightly waved, with some fuscous 
suffusion beyond it ; a waved submarginal line angled inwards at 
vein 6 ; some rufous below apex ; a submarginal series of black 
specks and marginal line. Hind wing with straight medial line ; 
traces of a postmedial lunulate line with green spots inside it at 
middle and near anal angle ; a submarginal series of black specks 
and marginal line. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Sumatra. Exp. 36 millim. 



ZETHES. 13 

2737. Zethes nigrilinea, Wlh. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 95; C. $ & 

no. 2832. 
Zethes palliolata, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 252, pi. 8, 
fig. 10. 

2 . Differs from Uneifera in the basal area of fore wing being 
rufous ; the subbasal and antemedial lines not oblique towards 
inner margin ; the postmedial line straighter, less acutely angled, 
and with another line beyond it joining the submarginal waved line, 
which has some whitish lunules on it. Hind wing with the double 
waved line filled in with rufous, and with purplish suffusion beyond 
it ; no green spots. The black streaks on median nervure and veins 
3 and 4 of fore wing are sometimes absent. 

Hab. Rangoon; Andamans. Exp. 36 millim. 

2738. Zethes pimctistigma, n. sp. 

2 • Differs from nigrilinea in the basal area of fore wing being 
ochreous, with the subbasal and antemedial lines indistinct ; a medial 
line slightly angled above inner margin ; the reniform large, with 
two dark specks on it ; the postmedial line not angled, but with 
two sinuations beyond the cell and well separated from the irregu- 
larly dentate submarginal line ; a large purplish subapical patch on 
outer margin. 

Hab. Nagas, 2000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 34 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2739. Zethes reduplicalis, Wlh. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1179; C. $ S. no. 2741. 

5 . Pale reddish brown. Fore wing with irregularly waved 
antemedial line ; small ring-spot in cell ; large indistinct dark- 
outlined reniform spot with dark centre ; an oblique band from 
apex to middle of inner margin consisting of red-brown lines and 
suffusion ; an irregular submarginal line and marginal series of 
brown and white specks. Hind wing with antemedial line ; a 
medial band of three lines ; an indistinct submarginal line and 
marginal series of brown and white specks. 

Bab. Moulmein ; Rangoon ; Bassein. Exp. 28 millim. 

2740. Zethes vinolia, n. sp. 

J . Pale rufous. Pore wing with indistinct angled antemedial 
line ; black specks in and at end of cell ; a highly angled and 
slightly sinuous postmedial pale line, with dark edges touching a 
violet-white submarginal band with rufous outer edge, which is 
produced to an angle at middle of margin ; a marginal series of dark 
specks. Hind wing with two dark specks at end of cell ; nearly 
straight postmedial pale line with dark edge ; a straight submarginal 
violet-white band with rufous outer edge ; a marginal series of 
dark specks. 

Hab. Sikhim, 3000 feet (Mbller). Exp. 32 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 



14 NOCTUIDiE. 

b'. (Cultripalpa). Antenna* of male with very long cilia ; palpi with 
the 2nd and 3rd joints longer, the 2nd straighter. 

2741. Zethes partita, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 332; C. fy S. no. 2730. 
Cultripalpa indistincta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 183 ; C. fy 8. no. 2729. 
Cultripalpa trifasciata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 184, pi. 6, fig. 1 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2731. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with grey, ochreous, and 
brown scales. Fore wing with the basal hair! rufous ; an indistinct 
irregularly waved double antemedial grey line ; a white speck in 
cell and pale-edged lunule on discocellulars ; a dark post medial 
line with grey edges, irregularly sinuous from costa to vein 2, then 
recurved to lower angle of cell and oblique to inner margin ; the 
outer area pale brown, with dark striae and indistinct series of sub- 
marginal fuscous spots, two near apex being prominent ; a whitish 
marginal line. Hind wing with the basal area rufous ; an indistinct 
subbasal line ; a black speck on discocellulars ; a sinuous medial 
line with grey edges ; the outer area pale brown, with dark striae 
and traces of submarginal fuscous band ; a marginal white line ; 
the cilia chestnut, with the tips dark. 

2 . More ochreous in tone ; in the form trifasciata the post- 
medial line of the fore wing is minutely dentate beyond the cell 
and the apical area rufous. 

Hah. Bhutan ; Assam ; Calcutta ; Bassein. Exp., S 34, $ 36 
millim. 

2742. Zethes ocellata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 195, pi. 174, fig. 4 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2740. 

cJ . Dull red-brown. Tore wing with traces of five waved lines 
angled below the costa ; the reniform grey, with dark centre. 
Hind wing with traces of a dark antemedial band, on which is a 
black-centred grey spot on the discocellulars ; indistinct waved 
postmedial and submarginal lines ; both wings with lunulate mar- 
ginal line. Underside slightly suffused with grey. 

(The type has the palpi wanting.) 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

b. Costa of fore wing slightly excised beyond middle. 

2743. Zethes igneola, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 254. 

Dark brown, irrorated with grey. .Fore wing with indistinct 
subbasal and antemedial rufous lines ; an orange spot in cell and 
lunule at end of it ; a sinuous line just beyond the middle ; a post- 
medial line much bent outwards beyond the cell, then sinuous to 
inner margin, its costal part white ; an orange apical patch and an 
irregularly dentate submarginal line. Hind wing with rufous 
lunule at end of cell ; traces of postmedial and submarginal white 
lines, with a fulvous and black band between them ; cilia with a 
dark line through them. Underside with the costal area of fore 
wing and basal area of hind wing suffused with white. 

Hab. Bangoon ; Tenasserim. Exp. 32 millim. 



ZETHES. — EGtfASIA. 15 

Sect. III. Fore wing with the outer margin very much excurved 
at middle, then crenulate to outer angle. Hind wing with 
deep crenulations between anal angle and vein 4. Palpi with 
the 3rd joint short. 

2744. Zethes cingalensis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1178; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 
iii, pi. 172, fig. 10; C. # S. no. 2734. 

Red-brown. Tore wing with antemedial line angled below the 
costa ; a narrow medial chocolate band angled below costa, then 
oblique to inner margin ; a black luuule on discocellulars ; an 
irregularly sinuous postmedial line excurved below costa and with 
a chocolate patch on the costa beyond it and two white specks 
- above vein 4 ; an irregular submarginal line. Hind wing with 
oblique narrow chocolate antemedial band ; a spot at end of cell ; 
an indistinct sinuous postmedial line and dentate submarginal line. 
Rah. Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

Genus EGNASIA. 

Egnasia, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 216 (1858). 
Acharya, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 185 (1882). 
Matella, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 196 (1885). 

Type, E. ephyrodalis, Wlk. 

Range. W. Africa; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; 
Borneo ; Java. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint very long and reaching far above vertex 
of head, the 3rd with a tuft of hair on the inner side. Antennae 
usually almost simple in male. Thorax and abdomen smoothly 
scaled. Tibia? moderately hairy. Pore wing with the apex acute ; 
the outer margin angled at middle *. Hind wing with the outer 
margin crenulate ; vein 5 from below middle of discocellulars. 

Sect. I. Pore wing with the outer margin angled. Hind wing 
with the outer margin excised between veins 4 and 6. 

2745. Egnasia ephyrodalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 217 ; C. $ S. no. 2736. /, 7, 
Egnasia khasiana, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 184 ; C. 8f S. no. 2737. 
Egnasia binorbiculata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 194, pi. 172, fig. 6 : 

C. Sr S. no. 2732. 
Gracillodes ludiana, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 120, fig. 25 ; C. 8f S. no. 2738. 

Yellowish brown. Pore wing with indistinct sinuous ante- 
medial line ; a hyaline spot in cell ; an 
irregular hyaline spot on discocellulars 
composed of conjoined spots ; an in- 
distinct postmedial line excurved be- 
yond cell and with a crenulate line 
beyond it ; cilia white towards outer 
angle. Hind wing with a hyaline 
lunulate mark on rufous patch at end of 

Egnasia ephyrodalis, rf. *. cel1 ' f near1 .? straight medial line and 
crenulate postmedial line; cilia white 
at apex and towards anal angle. Underside suffused with grey. 
Hab. Sylhet; Nagas ; Nilgiris; Ceylon; Burma. Exp. 38 millim. 

* Except in sinuosa. 



jfe^N 




1 6 NOCTUID JE. 

2746. Egnasia rectilineata, Swinh. MS. 

Differs from ephyrodalis in the outer line of both wings on 
underside being straight instead of crenulate, retracted to costa of 
fore wing and inner margin of hind wing. The colour may be 
either reddish ochreous or greyish fuscous. Pore wing with the 
outer margin dentate below apex. 

Bab. Khasis ; Java. Exp. 42 millim. 

2747. Egnasia participalis, Wlh. Cat. xvi, p. 218 ; C. fy S. no. 2747. 
Matella euphrona, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 151, pi. 8, 

fig. 16. 

Differs from ephyrodalis in being yellower ; fore wing with the 
hyaline mark at end of cell lunulate ; the outer line of both wings 
slightly sinuous instead of crenulate, and in hind wing arising from 
near the apex. 

Bab. Granjam ; Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with the outer margin evenly crenulate. 

2748. Egnasia accingalis, Wlh. Cat. xvi, p. 218 j Moore, Lep. Ceyl 

iii, pi. 172, fig. 7 ; C. 8? S. no. 2745. J 
Matella caduca, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 470, pi. 28, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. 
no. 2746. 

Differs from participalis in being bright ochreous, with slight 
black suffusion ; the sinuous outer line evenly curved on both wings, 
not arising from near apex of hind wing ; cilia without white. 

Hab. Throughout W. and S. India ; Ceylon. Exp., S 32, $ 
34 millim. 

2749. Egnasia polia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 90, pi. 147, fig. 4. 

2 • Fuscous grey. Fore wing with the outer half of costal area 
fulvous ; an ill-defined medial curved line and lunulate submarginal 
line ; a grey patch and some white specks on costa before apex ; 
cilia fulvous, with a black line through them. Hind wing with 
black spot at end of cell ; a medial nearly straight rufous line ; 
an indistinct postmedial line with fulvous and black band beyond 
it ; a submarginal lunulate line ; cilia fulvous, with black line 
through them. 

Bab. Mlgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. III. Outer margin of fore wing excised from apex to 
middle ; of hind wing excised between veins 4 and 6. 

2750. Egnasia fasciata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 181, pi. 6, fig. 20 ; C. $ S. 

no. 2722. 
Zethes mopsa, Stuinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 251. 

Differs from participalis in being much browner. Eore wing 
with the spot in cell lunulate ; two dark specks at end of cell 
instead of the hyaline lunule; the postmedial line more angled 
below costa. Hind wing without the hyaline spot at end of cell ; 
the oblique submarginal line developed into a reddish band. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Eangoon ; JNagas. Exp. 26 millim. 



EGNASIA. 17 

2751. Egnasia tripuncfca, Swinh.MS. 

S . Differs from fasciata in the postmedial line of fore wing being 
much more excurved beyond the celL Hind wing with a con- 
spicuous black speck on the antemedial line in the cell ; no medial 
line ; the postmedial line pale and curved, with a blackish patch 
beyond it near anal angle. 

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 26 millim. 

Sect. IV. Fore wing with the apex more produced ; the outer 
margin of both wings highly angled and crenulate. 

A. Antennae of male almost simple. 

2752. Egnasia castanea, Moore, Lei). A ^- p. 184 ; C. $ S. no. 2733. 
Egnasia morosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 185, pi. 6, fig. 4 ; C. ty S. 

no. 2739. 

2 . Dark chocolate-brown with a purplish tinge. Fore wing 
with traces of subbasal and antemedial lines; the orbicular and 
reniform small, indistinct, and greenish yellow ; three superposed 
greenish-yellow spots below end of cell ; a slightly waved post- 
medial line excurved beyond end of cell ; a submarginal series of 
white specks. Hind wing with pale speck at end of cell ; a 
sinuous medial line, with some dark specks with yellow scales 
round them towards inner margin ; a submarginal series of white 
specks. Underside with the cell-spots grey ; the postmedial line 
whitish, and angled below costa of fore wing ; an indistinct den- 
tate submarginal line. 

The form morosa is darker brown. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

2753. Egnasia ochreivena, n. sp. 

S . Pale reddish brown. Fore wing with indistinct rufous ante- 
medial and medial lines angled below costa ; a black spot in cell, 
and a buff and reddish lunule with white edges at end of it, its 
upper angle much produced towards apex and a dark line with 
bluish- white scales on it recurved from it to costa ; an ochreous 
submarginal waved line bent inwards at vein 3 ; the veins of outer 
area ochreous. Hind wing with a dark speck at end of cell ; a 
purplish patch with a few white scales on it beyond the cell and 
another from its lower angle to anal angle ; a submarginal ochreous 
line bent inwards at vein 3 ; the veins of outer area ochreous ; 
some white scales on the margin. 

Hah. Sikhim (Elwes). Exp. 42 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

B. (Acharya). Antennae of male thickened and distorted near base, 
pectinated on the outer side and with long bristles on the inner 
side ; palpi with the 2nd joint thickened by a ridge of scales, 
the 3rd ivith a tuft of long hair on inner side. 

2754. Egnasia crassicornis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 185. pi. 6, fig. 3 ; C. $ 8. 

no. 2753. 

VOL. III. C 



18 noctitip^:. 

S . Head and thorax dark chestnut ; abdomen brown. Fore 
wing chestnut, with indistinct grey and black striae ; an ochreous 
streak below the costa from base to apex, and short oblique lines 
from the costa ; a waved yellowish antemedial line and black- 
bordered postmedial line with a hyaline spot on it below end of 
cell ; a submarginal sinuous line, with some purplish-grey specks 
near apex and ochreous specks at middle. Hind wing with black 
and grey striae on basal area ; curved subbasal and straight medial 
brown-bordered ochreous lines ; a hyaline spot at end of cell, and 
waved submarginal line. 

Hab. Sylhet. Exp. 40 millim. 

Sect. V. Fore wing more produced at apex, the outer margin 
very oblique and not angled ; cilia not crenulate. 

2755. Egnasia sinuosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 184 ; C. fy S. no. 2748. 

<S . Differs from accingalis in being uniform pale purplish 
brown without any ochreous tinge; fore wing with the hyaline 
specks minute. 

Hab. Calcutta ; Moulmein. Exp. 32 millim. 

Genus LOPHARTHRUM, nov. 

Type, L. comprimens, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Mlgiris ; Andamans ; Borneo. 

Palpi upturned, curved and reaching above vertex of head, the 
2nd and 3rd joints with thick close-set tufts of hair ; antenna? 
minutely ciliated in male ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled, 
the patagia very long in male ; fore tibia of male with thick closely- 
set tufts of hair. Tore wing arched towards apex ; both wings 
with the outer margin angled at middle ; the cilia crenulate. 
Hind wing with vein 5 from near middle of discocellulars. 

2756. Lopharthrum comprimens, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1540 ; Butt. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 112, fig. 4; C.Sr S. no. 2757. 

Head and collar pinkish orange, marbled with rufous ; thorax 
and abdomen pale red-brown, the tufts on fore legs pinkish orange 

and rufous ; an orange-yel- 



low dorsal patch at base of 
abdomen. Fore wing pale 
red-brown ; some rufous 
antemedial marks ; an in- 
distinct sinuous postmedial 
line ; some orange-yellow 
patches marbled with ru- 
fous on the submarginal 
Fig. 6. line, which has three white 

Lopharthrum comprimens, J . \. lunules inside it. Hind 

w r ing with indistinct lunule at end of cell and medial line ; a post- 
medial irregular series of orange lunules, the area beyond them 




LOPHARTHRUM. HYPERLOPHA. 19 

orange marbled with rufous except at apex. Underside yellow 
and pale reddish, with indistinct cell-spot ; two ^postmedial and 
one submarginal line to each wing. 

Larva brown, with black specks and striae. 

Hab. Sikhhn ; Sylhet ; Nilgiris ; Andamans ; Borneo. Exp. 
50 rnillim. 

Genus HYPERLOPHA, nov. 

Type, H. cristifera, Wlk. 

Range. Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd 
long and naked ; antennae with long cilia and bristles in male ; 
thorax with a high sharp tuft behind collar ; abdomen smoothly 
scaled ; tibiae slightly hairy. Fore wing with the costa arched ; 
the apex acute and produced ; the outer margin angled at 
middle ; the cilia crenulate. Hind wing with the outer margin 
rounded ; vein 5 from near middle of discocellulars. 

2757. Hyperlopha cristifera, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1071; C. $ 8. 

no. 2713. 
Catada epops, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 120, fig. 42. 
Zethes irrorata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 113, pi. 165, fig. 12. 

2 • Pale grey ; thorax with the extremity of scales brown. 
Pore wing with traces of seven sinuous lines ; an indistinct reni- 

form mark ; a chocolate band 
oji the inner half of submar- 
ginal line ; some chocolate 
marks on the margin. Hind 
wing with traces of post- 
medial and submarginal 
lines. Underside with cell- 
spot, crenulate postmedial 
Fig. 7. — Hyperlopha cristifera, $ . \. and blotched submarginal 

lines. 
S • Head and thorax thickly irrorated with red-brown ; a brown 
patch at base of abdomen, which is fuscous. Pore wing thickly 
irrorated with brown ; the seven lines more distinct and brown ; 
the band on submarginal line less prominent. Hind wing 
fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris; Ceylon. Exp. 42 millim. 

2758. Hyperlopha compactilis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 251, 

pi. 7, fig. 16. 

S . Differs from cristifera in the vertex of head being ochreous 
and red ; the tuft behind collar with rufous edges. Pore wing 
less irrorated with brown and the markings less distinct ; a large 
silvery patch on middle of inner area ; the band on submarginal 
line well developed. 

Hab. Thyetmyo, Burma. Exp. 36 millim". 

C2 




20 noctuidjE. 

Genus CAPNODES. 

Capnodes, Guen. Noct. iii, p. 374 (1852). 
Corsa, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1101 (1857). 
Saroba, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1096 (1865). 
Dunira, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 206 (1885). 

Type, C. anhypa, G-uen., from Brazil. 

Bange. Neotropical region ; "W. and S. Africa ; Japan ; through- 
out the Oriental region. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of 
head and tapering to extremity, the 3rd long ; antennse ciliated in 
male ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae moderately 
hairy. Tore wing with the apex nearly rectangular. Hind wing 
with the anal angle usually truncate ; vein 5 from below middle of 
discocellulars. 

Sect. I. Palpi almost naked. 

A. Fore wing of male with no fringe of scales on costa. 

2759. Capnodes finipalpis, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1574; Hampsn. III. Het. 
ix, pi. 166, figs. 1, 8. 
Capnodes maculicosta, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1608 ; C. & S. no. 2778. 

cJ • Bright ferruginous red ; abdomen fuscous. Pore wing with 

a white antemedial spot on costa and specks on median nervure 

and vein 1 ; two dark specks at 

end of cell ; a postmedial white 

costal spot with an indistinct dark 

band from it excurved round cell 

and with a series of white specks 

on it ; an indistinct submarginal 

waved line; a marginal series of 

black specks. Hind wing with 

Fig. 8. traces of a postmedial dark band 

Capnodes finipalpis, <J . i. and serieg o£ white gpeckg . a wayed 

submarginal line and marginal series of dark specks. 

5 . With fuscous costal patches on fore wing replacing the 
white spots. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 44 millim. 

2760. Capnodes rufescens, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 612; C. $ S. 

no. 2781. 

S . Purplish red. Pore wing with very ill-defined antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal maculate bright orange bands. Hind 
wing with similar antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal bands. 

The type is in very bad condition. 

Hob. Andamans. Exp. 34 millim. 

2761. Capnodes ceylonica, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1061; Hmpsn.Ill. Het. 

ix, pi. 166, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. no. 2802. 
Sanys nexus, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 175 ; C. fy S. no. 2764. 
Capnodes cascalis, Swinh. Trans. Eat. Soc. 1891, p. 153, pi. 8, 

figs. 6, 10. 




CAPNODES. 21 

2 • Pale or dark brown ; head and front of collar darker. Fore 
wing irrorated with black ; traces of an antemedial waved line ; 
some dark specks at end of cell ; a postinedial oblique line, highly 
angled below costa ; a dark costal patch suffused with white from 
the line to apex ; traces of a crenulate submarginal line with 
white specks on it ; a marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing 
with oblique antemedial line; traces of a crenulate postmedial 
line with white specks on it. A marginal series of dark specks. 

Hab. Khasis ; Khandala ; Travancore ; Ceylon. Exp. 28-34 
millim. 

2762. Capnodes luna, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 100, pi. 148, fig. 21. 

Head and thorax red-brown, the f rons tinged with pink ; abdo- 
men fuscous. Eore wiug olive-green, with a red-brown patch at 
base; traces of pinkish antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
waved lines ; a minute speck at middle and two at end of cell ; a 
white subapical lunule enclosing four black specks on the margin, 
which is pinkish. Hind wing pale brown, with traces of waved 
ante- and postmedial lines ; a minute speck at end of cell and 
series on the margin, which is pinkish. Underside slightly suffused 
with pink. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

2763. Capnodes maculapex, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 116, pi. 165, fig. 18. 

Head and thorax dark red-brown ; abdomen pale. Fore wiug 
brownish ochreous, with basal and large apical dark red-brown 
patches ; traces of medial, postmedial, and submarginal waved 
lines. Hind wing with dark speck at end of cell and traces of 
waved postmedial and submarginal lines ; a dark patch on inner 
margin above anal angle ; a series of dark marginal specks to both 
wings. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

2764. Capnodes scitula, Wlh. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1061 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 174, fig. 13; C. $ S. no. 2777. 

d . Eufous. Eore wing with indistinct oblique subbasal and 
antemedial lines ; a sinuous medial line ; two dark specks at end 
of cell ; a crenulate postmedial line ; a submarginal white line 
angled outwards at middle, then waved to inner margin ; a mar- 
ginal series of dark specks. Hind wing with ante- and postmedial 
indistinct lines ; dark speck in cell ; waved white submarginal 
line and marginal series of dark specks. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim, 

2765. Capnodes lignicolor, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1101 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii. pi. 156, fig. 9 ; C. 8f S. no. 2398. 

Head and abdomen fulvous ; base of palpi and thorax fuscous 
black. Eore wing with the basal area fuscous black, a fine black 



22 TfOCTXJIBJE. 

line just beyond it ; the medial area pale pinkish brown, with ful- 
vous spots in, at end of, and below cell ; two fulvous striae from 
middle of costa ; the postmedial line very indistinct, except the 
costal part, which is black ; the outer area fulvous, with the apex 
black edged inwardly by an ochreous line, which becomes mar- 
ginal below the black area ; a marginal series of black specks. 
Hind wing with the anal angle rounded, fulvous with ferruginous 
spot at end of cell ; an indistinct medial line ; the apical area 
narrowly black, with ochreous line inside it, then becoming mar- 
ginal ; a marginal series of black specks. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Ceylon. Exp. 48 millim. 

2766. Capnodes pustulifera, Wlk. Ca t. xxxiii, p. 1097 ; C. # & no. 2831. 

Dark vinous red, suffused with crimson. Pore wing somewhat 
narrow, with the basal area marked with conjoined ochreous spots 
irrorated and outlined with red ; the postmedial area marked with 
similar spots, these two areas being defined by the antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal lines composed of similar spots, of 
which some are white. Hind wing with some ochreous and rufous 
on inner basal area ; a dark speck at end of cell ; an indistinct 
postmedial vinous line, with some ochreous and rufous suffusion 
beyond it ; a marginal series of dark specks. 

Hah. Bhutan ; Nagas ; Ceylon. Exp. 36 millim. 

B. Male with a large fringe of scales from the costa of fore wing 
on the upperside for three fourths length. 

2767. Capnodes lophophora, n. sp. 

S . Pale pinkish ; palpi rufous. Fore wing with traces of ante- 
medial, postmedial, and submarginal double waved lines. Hind 
wing rather brighter pink ; the costal area suffused with fuscous, 
also the outer area from apex to vein 3 ; nearly marginal and 
marginal series of fuscous specks to both wings. 

Hah. Toungngoo, Burma. Exp. 40 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. IT. Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints fringed with 
hair in front. 

2768. Capnodes ochreisparsa, n. sp. 

$ . Ochreous, irrorated with black. Pore wing with traces of 
subbasal and antemedial lines ; an indistinct fuscous spot at end of 
cell ; both wings with indistinct medial line angled below the costa 
of fore wing, then oblique to inner margin of hind wing; an indis- 
tinct crenulate postmedial line with white specks on it ; a sinuous 
submarginal line and almost marginal series of black specks. 

Hah. Nagas, 3000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 34 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 



DIOMEA, 23 

Genus DIOMEA. 
Diomea, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1109 (1857). 
Type, D. rotundata, Wlk. 

Range. Japan; China; Himalayas, Assam, Ceylon, and Burma. 
Differs from Capnodes in the 2nd joint of palp not reaching 
above vertex of head and being roughly scaled ; the metathorax 
and proximal segments of abdomen with more or less prominent 
dorsal tufts. Fore wing with the apex more rounded. Hind 
wing with the anal angle not truncate. 

Sect. I. Male with the legs not tufted ; the tufts on 
metathorax and abdomen very slight. 

^ 276 9. Diomea cremata, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i ? p. 295. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen brown. Fore wing dark brown 
suffused with fuscous ; traces of subbasal, antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial curved crenulate lines ; the last with an ochreous-white 
spot on it at costa ; a sinuous submarginal line ; a marginal series 
of dark specks. Hind wing reddish brown, with ante- and post- 
medial waved lines ; a marginal crenulate line. 

Bab. Japan; Dharrosala; Simla; Khasis. Exp. 30-36 millim- 

Sect. II. Fore legs of male with a tuft of long pink hair from the 
joint of coxa and femur; mid tibiae fringed with pink hair ; 
hind tibiae with very long black hair ; the metathoracic and 
abdominal tufts more developed. 

2770. Diomea rotundata, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1110 ; Hmpsn. III. Het 
ix, pi. 165, fig. 6 ; C. $ 8. no. 2755. 

<$ . Differs from cremata in the markings being slightly less 
distinct. Hind wing with a pale or pinkish patch on inner 
margin above anal angle. 




Fig. 9. — Diomea rotundata, <$. \. 

$ . Reddish brown ; hind wing with a black spot at end of cell. 
Hob. Simla ; Sikhim ; Ceylon ; E. Pegu. Exp. 36 millim. 

2771. Diomea fabularis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 257. 

$ . Dark fuscous red- brown. Fore wing with a short subbasal 
pale line, a sinuous antemedial line, and a postmedial line very 
highly angled below costa, then oblique to inner margin — all 



24 nocttjidjE. 

three arising from black specks on the costa ; two black specks at 
end of cell ; a pale waved submarginal line and marginal series of 
pale specks ; some pale specks on costa towards apex. Hind wing 
with pale medial line and submarginal series of specks. 
Hah. 1ST. China ; Rangoon. Exp. 26 millim. 

Genus RAPARNA. 

Raparna, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 177 (1882). 
Hingiila, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 180. 
Byturna, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1883, p. 28. 

Type, R. ochreipennis, Moore. 

Range. Africa ; Japan ; China ; throughout the Oriental and 
Australian regions. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head and thickly 
scaled, the 3rd long and naked ; antennas minutely ciliated in 
male ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae nearly naked. 
Pore wing with the apex rectangular or rounded ; the areole some- 
times very small or absent. Hind wing with vein 5 from well above 
lower angle of cell ; veins 3 and 4 from cell or on a very short 
stalk. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the apex rectangular. 

2772. Raparna digramma, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1170 ; C. fy 8. 

no. 3009. 
Bocana erubescens, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1170 ; C. 8f 8. no. 2998. 
Thermesia scitula, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1973 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 174, fig. 6 ; C. $ 8. no. 2827. # 
Byturna cucullata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 254 ; C. $* S. no. 3008. 
Myana atromacula, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1884, p. 523, pi. 48, fig. 5 

C. $ 8. no. 3031. 
Myana sopora, Sioinh. P. Z. 8. 1884, p. 522, pi. 48, fig. 4 

C. 8f 8. no. 3032. 
Marimatha lactea, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1884, p. 522, pi. 48, fig. 7 

C8rS.no. 1867. 
Rivula sericialis, C. 8r 8. no. 3029 (nee Denis). 
Kaparna usta, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 80, pi. 133, fig. 3. 
Byturna rufifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 100, pi. 148, fig. 6. 

Ochreous brown. Tore wing with ante- and postmedial indis- 
tinct waved lines and black 
speck at lower angle of cell ; a 
very indistinct diffused pinkish 
patch beyond cell and patch 
above it on costa ; traces of a 
submarginal waved line ; the 
cilia pinkish. Hind wing with 
the outer area slightly suffused 
Fig. 10.— Raparna digramma, $ . f . w ith fuscous ; the cilia usually 

pinkish. 
The form rufifascia is much darker, with an oblique pinkish 
postmedial band developed on fore wing ; the outer area suffused 
with pink ; the hind wing dark fuscous : cucullata is pale ochreous, 




RAPARNA.. 25 

with a black speck on antemedial line of fore wing at costa ; the 
patch beyond cell and on costa fuscous and often with some black 
specks on costal area ; no pinkish suffusion : lactea is a bleached 
form from Karachi. 

Hob. N.W. Himalayas ; W. and S. India ; Ceylon. Exp. 22- 
28 millim. 

2773. Raparna ochreipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 178, pi. 6, fig. 8 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2791. 
Eaparna undulata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 178 ; C. fy S. no. 2793. 
Raparna transversa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 178 ; C. fy S. no. 2792. 
Asthena querula, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 859, pi. 56, fig. 16 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3984. 

Orange or ochreous yellow ; rarely with the costal area of hind 
wing and underside fuscous ; the wings thickly speckled and 
striated with pinkish orange ; some of the stria3 of fore wing 
forming more or less well-defined subbasal, antemedial, medial, 
postmedial, and submarginal lines with dark marks on them ; a 
dark speck at lower angle of cell. Hind wing with more or less 
well-defined oblique postmedial line and dark speck at lower angle 
of cell ; both wings with marginal series of specks. 

In ochreipennis the lines are indistinct ; in transversa the post- 
medial line of both wings is well defined and straighter ; in 
undulata the antemedial line also is developed. 

Hob. Dharmsala ; Calcutta ; Poona ; Nilgiris. Exp. 24-26 
millim. 

2774. Raparna atrapex, n. sp. 

2 . Bright ochreous ; head and thorax black. Fore wing with 
the base black ; traces of excurved waved medial, postmedial, and 
submarginal lines ; a black speck at end of cell ; a large not very 
well-defined black patch below apex enclosing a patch of the 
ground-colour on the margin. Hind wing with black spot at end 
of cell ; traces of sinuous antemedial and medial lines, the latter 
with greyish suffusion beyond it ; both wings with marginal series 
of black specks. Underside with large patches of black on the 
submarginal line of both wings. 

Hah. Margarita, Assam (Doherty). Exp. 20 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2775. Raparna nebulosa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 350, pi. 33, fig. 13 : 

C. $ 8. no. 2125. 

S . Uniform pale brown ; fore wing with slightly darker, evenly 
disposed mottling. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 24 millim. 

2776. Raparna stipata, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 85 ; Rmpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. 166, fig. 17 ; C. $ S. no. 2913. 

2 • Ochreous brown. Pore wing with brown streak on median 



26 KOCTUID.E. 

nervure ; an indistinct highly angled antemedial line, double from 
costa to lower angle of cell; a black spot at upper angle of cell ; 
the outer area suffused with brown ; traces of a postmedial waved 
line and submarginal sinuous series of specks ; a fine marginal 
white line. Hind wing fuscous brown. 
Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

2777. Raparna imparata, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1777 ; C. fy 8. no. 2191. 
Homoptera diminutiva, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 890. 

Magulaba moestalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1127; C. $ 8. no. 2738 a. / 
Egnasia erebina, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 450. 
Hingula albolunata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 181 ; C. fy 8. no. 2707. 
Hingula cervina, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 181 ; C. fy 8. no. 2708. 
Hingula figurata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 199, pi. 174, fig. 10 ; 
C. 8r 8. no. 2709. 

Dark fuscous brown with a greyish tinge ; the head and collar 
dark red- brown. Fore wing with some dark specks on costa; 
waved ante- and postmedial lines, the latter excurved round cell ; 
the orbicular and reniform large and indistinct and more or less 
prominently defined by hyaline lines ; a dark spot at apex ; a 
marginal series of black specks. Hind wing with a cell-spot with 
hyaline specks on its edges ; a sinuous medial line with dark 
specks on it ; traces of a pale submarginal lunulate line ; an 
indistinct lunulate red-brown marginal band. 

Some specimens have a dark patch on disk of fore wing ; others 
have the black-speckled medial line of hind wing double towards 
inner margin. 

Hah. W.Africa; Japan; throughout India and Ceylon. Exp. 
18-24 millim. 

2778. Raparna nigriceps, n. sp. 

Reddish grey-brown ; the head and collar black ; the wings 
with numerous dark striae. Fore wing with traces of subbasal 
and antemedial sinuous lines ; a minute white speck at lower angle 
of cell ; a rufous postmedial line excurved beyond cell and with 
fuscous suffusion inside it; the costal area below apex and the 
area near outer angle suffused with fuscous ; some pale specks on 
costa towards apex ; a short dark line from apex. Hind wing 
with rufous medial band ; a white speck at end of cell ; the outer 
area suffused with fuscous. 

A Poona specimen has no red suffusion on the postmedial line 
of either wing ; one from Bombay has all the veins prominently 
pale, the postmedial line without any dark area inside it, but 
with prominent black spots on its inner edge on hind wing. 

Hah. Simla (Harford) • Poona ; Bombay (Swinhoe). Exp. 28 
millim. Type in B. M. 

2779. Raparna tantilla, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 470 ; C. $ 8. no. 2751. 
Hingula unicoloris, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1886, p. 452; C. $ 8. no. 2711. 

Fuscous brown with a slight grey tinge. Fore wing with single 



KAPA.RNA. 2/ 

waved subbasal, ante- and postioedial lines and double medial and 
subruarginal lines ; the undulations of the postmedial line pro- 
minently black beyond the end of the cell ; some white specks on 
costa towards apex ; a marginal series of black specks. Hind wing 
with antemedial and medial waved lines and marginal series of 
specks. 

Hab. Bombay ; Nilgiris. Exp. 22-28 millim. 

2780. Raparna palpalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1180. 

Dark fuscous brown ; palpi scarlet at sides. Fore wing with 
pale oblique antemedial line angled below costa and at middle ; 
a black spot at end of cell ; a sinuous pale postmedial line and 
indistinct pale dentate submarginal line ; a marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing with ante- and postmedial black lines, 
the latter angled at middle and with a pale patch beyond it at 
outer angle ; an indistinct waved submarginal line ; a marginal 
series of black specks. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

2781. Raparna multifasciata, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 256, 

pi. 7, fig-. 14. 

2 . Differs from palpaiis in being darker. Fore wing with a 
dark band inside the antemedial line ; the postmedial line black, 
excurved beyond cell and waved ; a marginal series of black specks. 

Hah. Eangoon. Exp. 20 millim. 

2782. Raparna lilacina, Butl. 111. Het. vii, p. 81, pi. 133, fig. 5. 

2 . Dark purple-grey ; the head and collar dark brown. Fore 
wing with five waved brown lines with diffused brown between them ; 
a speck in cell and spot on discocellulars ; the medial line highly 
bent out round cell ; a marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing 
fuscous, with some grey and dark marks on inner margin and vein 2. 

Bab. Dharmsala. Exp. 24 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with the apex and outer margin 
much more rounded. 

2783. Raparna aenigmatica, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 472, pi. 28, fio-. n ; 

C. 8? S. no. 3033. 
Pasira russa, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 472, pi. 28, fig. 13 ; C.$ S. 
no. 3038. 

Dark red-brown. Fore wing with slight subbasal line; obliquely 
waved antemedial line with a speck beyond it in cell ; a very 
indistinct angulated medial line ; an indistinct postmedial line 
excurved round cell and angled inwards below it; traces of a sub- 
marginal irregularly waved line ; a marginal series of minute 
black specks. Hind wing dark fuscous brown. 

The form russa is ochreous brown, the head and collar tinged 
with fulvous. 

Hab. Bombay; Poona; Nilgiris. Exp. 26 millim. 



28 noctuid^e. 

Genus CEPHENA. 
Cephena, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 196 (1882). 

Type, C. costata, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint stout, clothed thickly with 
hair and reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd long and stout ; 
a large frontal tuft ; antennae serrate in male ; thorax and abdomen 
smoothly scaled. Fore femora and tibiae fringed with long hair ; 
mid and hind tibiae less hairy. Fore wing with the costa arched ; 
the outer margin excised from apex to vein 4, where it is excurved. 
Hind wing with the costa arched at base ; the outer margin excised 
below apex ; vein 5 from close to lower angle of cell. 

2784. Cephena costata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 196, pi. 6, fig. 17 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3019. 
J . Head ochreous white ; thorax brownish ochreous ; abdomen 

fuscous, the base pale. Tore wing 
brownish ochreous ; the costa with 
brownish ante- and postmedial 
patches irrorated with black; a 
rufous fascia from centre of cell to 
outer margin below apex, with a 
pure white streak on it in cell and 
speck at end of it ; a black speck 

Fig. 11.— Cephena costata, J . \. on inner margin before outer angle. 

Hind wing fuscous ; underside with 

the basal area ochreous white, the outer area fuscous. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 46 millim. 



Genus AVITTA. 

Avitta, Wlk. Cat xv, p. 1674 (1858). 

Asta, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 170 (1864). 

Tvpe, A. subsignans, Wlk. 

Range. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Andamans ; 
Eorneo ; Gilolo. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head, the 
3rd long and naked ; antennae long, and ciliated in male ; thorax 
and abdomen smoothly scaled ; femora and tibiae fringed with hair. 
Pore wing with the apex somewhat rounded. Hind wing with 
vein 5 from just above lower angle of cell. 

2785. Avitta subsignans, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1675 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 
ix, pi. 167, fig. 7 ; C.SfS. no. 3013. ^ 
Avitta fasciosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 194, pi. 6, fig. 26 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3011. 

Head, thorax, and fore wing very dark reddish brown ; the last 




AYITTA. DIEBNA. 29 

with indistinct waved antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines and 
submarginal band ; a large indistinct reniform spot. Abdomen 




12. — Avitta 



and hind wing dark fuscous. Underside whitish, with prominent 
black cell-spot and curved postmedial line to each wing. 

Hab. Khasis ; W. and S. India ; Ceylon ; Andamans. Exp. 40- 
44 millim. 

2786. Avitta rufifrons, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 554, pi. 215, fig. 2 s 

C. $ S. no. 3012. 

Differs from subsignans in having the head and collar bright 
fulvous ; the fore wing rather redder brown. 

Hab. Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; E. Pegu. Exp. 46 millim. 

2787. Avitta quadrilinea, Wlk. Joum. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 171 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3044. / 
Bocana quadrilinealis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 88 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3004. 

Head, thorax, and fore wing purplish grey-brown; the last 
crossed by four oblique red-brown lines ; an indistinct submarginal 
dentate line ; a marginal red-brown line. Abdomen and hind wing 
dark fuscous brown. Underside with small cell-spot and curved 
postmedial line to each wing. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Borneo ; Gilolo. Exp. 45-48 
millim. 

Genus DIERNA. 

Dierna, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 204 (1858). 
Nahara, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1004 (1865). 
Iluza, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1006. 

Type, D. aeanthusalis, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; throughout Peninsular India, Ceylon, 
and Burma. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint upcurved, slender, and reaching above 
vertex of head, the 3rd long and acute; thorax and abdomen 
smoothly scaled and slender. Pore wing with the apex acute. 
Hind wing with the inner margin short ; the outer margin angled 
at vein 2 ; vein 5 from near lower angle of cell. 




30 NOCTUID^. 

Sect. I. (Dierna). Antennae o£ male ciliated, with long curved 
bristles on the inner side to three-fourths the length, where 
the shaft is thickened and contorted. 

2788. Dierna acanthusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 205 : Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 171, tig. 9 ; C. $ S. no, 2320. £^ 
Nahara clavifera, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1004. 

Brownish grey irrorated with black scales ; palpi with the 2nd 

joint chestnut at sides. Fore 
wing with two black specks below 
the costa near base and one above 
inner margin ; an oblique line 
from the apex, bent inwards below 
vein 2 and with a black triangular 
mark in the angle ; a pair of fus- 
Y~ |Q cous specks beyond it on each side 

Dierna acanthusalis, <$ . \. of vein 3. Hind wing with the 

outer area striated with fuscous ; 
the apical area fuscous. Underside more striated with black ; a 
spot at end of cell of each wing ; a diffused submarginal band and 
marginal spot. 

Hah. Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; Moulmein. Exp. 38 millim. 

2789. Dierna strigata, Moore, P. Z. 8, 1867, p. 80 : C. $ S. no. 2326. 
Dierna multistrigaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 173; C. Sf S. no. 2321. 

Differs from acanthusalis in being less irrorated with black. 
Fore wing with the subbasal specks absent ; the line more oblique, 
not angled towards inner margin; the black mark absent or 
reduced to two specks. 

Hob. Khasis ; Bombay ; Nilgiris. Exp. 46 millim. 



Sect. II. {Iluza). Antennse of male bipectinated and 
not contorted. 

2790. Dierna decisa, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1007 ; C. 8? S. no. 2314. 
Thermesia simplex, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1063 ; C. 8f S. no. 2773. 

Grey irrorated with brown ; the 2nd joint of palpi black. 
Fore wing with traces of antemedial line and speck at end of cell ; 
an oblique straight narrow fulvous band with black edges from the 
apex to middle of inner margin of hind wing ; both wings with 
traces of irregularly dentate submarginal line ; a marginal series of 
dark specks. 

Hob. Moulmein. Exp. 38 millim. 

2791. Dierna transversa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 174, pi. 6, fig. 15: 

C. $ S. no. 2317. 
Iluza duplexa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 174, pi. 6, fig. 7; C. $ S. 
no. 2315. 



DELTOIDIN^. 



31 



$ . Differs from decisa in being oehreous ; a black speck in cell 
and two spots at end of it ; the oblique band broader ; the sub- 
marginal line more prominent. 

2 • Browner and with a purplish tinge ; fore wing with a small 
ring-spot at end of cell. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 48 millim. 



Subfamily DELTOIDIN^]. 

Palpi either long, slender, and sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint being 
curved in front of head, or porrect, fringed with hair above and 
usually long, a sharp frontal tuft being present. Legs with the 
tibiae and especially the tarsal joints long and slender. Wings 
with the neuration varying greatly as compared with the other 
groups of Noctuidce; hind wing with vein 5 almost always fully 
developed. 

Larvce usually semiloopers, with the first or first two pairs of 
abdominal prolegs rudimentary. 

Key to the Genera. 

A. Palpi long and slender, the 2nd joint curved 

upwards in front of head. 

a. Hind wing with vein 5 from close to lower 

angle of cell. 

a'. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 

« 2 . Palpi very long, the 2nd and 3rd 

joints tufted ; fore wing of male 



with vein 5 absent, 1 curving up- 
wards and anastomosing with 2 ; 

hind wing with vein 8 short 5. 

b 2 . Palpi of moderate length 1. 

b'. Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10 stalked. . 8. 
c'. Fore wing with veins 8 ; 9 stalked .... 2. 
d'. Fore wing with veins 8 and 9 anas- 
tomosing to form an areole. 
a 2 . Hind wing with the cell of normal 
length. 
a 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 given off 
beyond the areole, which is minute, 
b 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 from the 
areole *. 

a 4 . Palpi with the 3rd joint not 
tufted. 
a 5 . Fore wing with the apex 
rounded ; vein 7 from end of 

areole 6. 

b 5 . Fore wing with the apex 
produced and acute ; vein 7 
from before end of areole . . 10. 
. & 4 . Palpi with a tuft of hair on 

inner side of 3rd joint 7. 

b 2 . Hind wing with the cell short .... 4. 



Heteromala, p. 39. 
Ilyrgis, p. 34. 

Alelimma, p. 47. 
Lithosiopsis, p. 34. 



3. Simplicia, p. 35. 



PSEUDAGLOSSA, 

[p. 40. 

Bracharthrum, 

[p. 50. 
Bleptina, p. 41. 
Adrapsa, p. 36. 



* Except in the Nilgiri form of Bleptina hadenalis. 



32 noctuidjE. 

b. Hind wing with vein 5 from near middle 
of discocellulars. 
a'. Fore wing with veins 7 and 10 from 
the areole which is formed by 8 anas- 
tomosing with 9. 
a 2 . Both wings with the outer margin 

angled 13. Nagadeba, p. 52. 

b 2 . Both wings with the outer margin 

rounded 12. Daxata, p. 51. 

b'. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 
sometimes with a minute areole at 
their base. 
a 2 . Fore wing with the cell short ; veins 

4 and 5 stalked , 14. Hydrillodes, 

b 2 . Fore wing with the cell of normal [p. 53. 

length; veins 4 and 5 from lower 

angle 15. Nodaria, p. 56. 

c'. Fore wing with vein 7 from the cell. 
a 2 . Fore wing with vein 10 from cell, 

from a minute areole, or absent. ... 16. Catada, p. 61. 
b 2 . Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 
8,9. 
a 3 . Fore wing with the outer margin 

not angled 11. Falcimala, p. 51. 

b 3 . Fore wing with the outer margin 
angled. 
a 4 . Fore wing with veins 3 and 4 

from cell 19. Olulis, p. 65. 

5 4 . Fore wing with veins 3 and 4 

stalked 18. Niaccaba, p. 64. 

d'. Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10, 11 

stalked 17. Aiueopterum, 

B. Palpi with the 2nd joint straight and fringed [p. 64. 

with hair above. 
a. Hind wing with vein 5 from close to lower 
angle of cell. 
a'. Fore wing with veins 8 and 9 anasto- 
mosing to form the areole. 
a 2 . Fore wing with the inner margin 
arched, the apex acute, the outer 
margin angled ; palpi long, porrect, 

and broadly fringed on both sides . . 24. Corcobara, p. 69. 
b 2 . Fore wing with the inner margin not 
arched. 
a 3 . Palpi short and obliquely up- 
turned. 

a 4 . Fore wing broad 20. Talapa, p. 66. 

b i . Fore wing long and narrow. ... 39. Mecistoptera, 
b 3 . Palpi long and porrect. [p. 102. 

a 4 . Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 
6, 7 from cell. 
a 5 . Hind wing with vein 3 from 

angle of cell 9. Mastigophorus, 

b 5 . Hind wing with vein 3 from [p. 47, 

before angle of cell. 
a 6 . Palpi with the 3rd joint 
and the legs tufted with 
hair , 21. Singara, p. 67. 



deltoidin^e. 33 

b 6 . Palpi and legs not tufted 

with hair . . . , 32. Orthozona, p. 94. 

Z> 4 . Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 

6, 7 stalked 31. Britha, p. 93. 

b'. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 

palpi porrect 36. Hypenagonia, 

c . Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10 stalked ; [p. 100. 

palpi obliquely upturned 37. Moscha, p. 100. 

d'. Fore wing with veins 7, 8 ; 9, 10 stalked. 

a 2 . Palpi short and obliquely upturned . . 38. Goniocraspedum, 
b 2 . Palpi long and fringed with hair [p. 101. 

above, the 3rd joint obliquely up- 
turned ; costa of fore wing angled 
at middle ; outer margin angled at 
middle, then crenulate to outer 

angle 22. Camptochilus, 

b. Hind wing with vein 5 from near middle [p. 68. 

of discocellulars. 
a'. Fore wing with veins 8 and 9 anasto- 
mosing to form the areole. 
a 2 . Abdomen with dorsal tufts, some- 
times only on 1st segment. 
a 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 from the 

areole 29. Hypena, p. 76. 

b 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 from beyond 

the areole, which is minute .... 30. Stenhypena, p. 93. 
b 2 . Abdomen without dorsal tufts. 
a 3 . Hind wing with the anal angle 
rounded. 
a 4 . Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 
from cell. 
a 5 . Fore wing with the areole of 
normal size ; vein 7 from it. 
a 6 . Fore wing narrow, the 

outer margin oblique .... 28. Rhynchina, p. 74. 
b e . Fore wing broad, the outer 

margin more erect 27. Dichromia, p. 72. 

b 5 . Fore wing with the areole 
minute, vein 7 from beyond 

it 40. Rhjesena, p. 103. 

6 4 . Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 

stalked 25. Anoratha, p. 70. 

b 3 . Hind wing with the anal angle 

truncate. 

a 4 . Fore wing with the outer 

margin excised below apex, 

vein 5 almost obsolete ; palpi 

long, porrect, and fringed with 

long hair above 23. Latirostrum, 

6 4 . Fore wing with the outer margin [p. 68. 

not excised below apex 26. Marapana, p. 71. 

b'. Fore wing with no areole. 

a 2 . Fore wing without tuft of hair at 
middle of inner margin. 
a 3 . Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10 

stalked 33. Chusaris, p a 95. 

TOL. III. D 



34 NOCTUID^E. 

b 3 . Fore wing with veins 8 and 10 

stalked ; 9 absent « 34. Rypenodes, p. 

b 2 . Fore wing- with a tuft of hair at 

middle of inner margin 35. Arrade, p. 99. 



Genus ILYRGIS. 
Ilyrgis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 879 (1859). 

Type, /. ecJiephurealis, Wlk. 

Jiang e. Ceylon. 

cJ . Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head, the 3rd of 
moderate length and naked ; antennas bipectinated, with the 
branches long ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Fore wing 
with the costa arched near base and at apex, which is slightly 
produced ; the outer margin excurved at middle ; veins 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked ; a tuft of long scales from base of costa on underside ; the 
retinacular tuft large. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked, 5 from 
lower angle of cell. 

2792. Ilyrgis echephurealis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 880 ; Hmpsn. III. Bet. 
ix, pi. 167, fig. 12 ; C.8r & no. 2938. 

3 . Pale red-brown ; the head 
and collar whitish. Fore wing 
with indistinct waved antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal lines, 
each white at costa, the post- 
medial line excurved round cell. 
Hind wing with waved post- 
medial and submarginal lines. 

r, • , F i g - 14 ;- , , Sab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

Ilyrgis echephurealis, $ . \. 



Genus LITH0SI0PSIS, nov. 

Type, L. torsivena, Hmpsn. 

Range. Bhutan. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint thickly scaled and reaching above 
vertex of head, the 3rd long ; antennae of male with long cilia ; 
tibiae hairy. Fore wing with the inner margin much arched ; the 
cell occupying nearly the middle of wing ; veins 2 and 3 curved at 
base ; discocellulars short ; vein 6 from below angle of cell, 7 from 
angle, 8, 9 stalked from before angle. Hind wing with vein 5 
from near lower angle of cell ; 8 free from the base. 

2793. Lithosiopsis torsivena, n. sp. 

c? . Beddish brown, irrorated with dark scales. Fore wing with 
two short, pale, subbasal lines ; the orbicular and reniform stig- 
mata with pale outlines; ochreous medial and postmedial lines, 





LITHOSIOPSIS. — SIMPLICIA. 35 

the former curved, the 
latter angled below costa ; 
an indistinct submarginal 
line angled at middle; a 
marginal series o£ black 
specks. Hind wing fus- 
cous. Underside with cell- 
Fig. 15.— Lithosiopsis torsivena, $ . \. spot to hind wing and post- 
medial line to both wings. 
Hab. Bhutan {Dudgeon). Exp. 30 millim. Type in B. M. 

Genus SIMPLICIA. 

Simplicia, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 51 (1854). 
Libisosa, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 187 (1858). 
Culicula, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 178 (1864). 
Aginna, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1022 (1865). 
Nabartha, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 234 (1885). 

Type, S. rectalis, Ev., from Europe. 

Bange. Palasarctic, Oriental, and Australian regions. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, 
the 3rd long and naked ; antennas minutely ciliated in male ; 
thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Pore tibia of male covered 
by a sheath containing masses of flocculent scales. Pore wing with 
the apex somewhat rounded ; the areole very narrow, with vein 
10 given off far beyond it in male, from it in female ; the disco- 
cellulars almost obsolete. Hind wing with vein 5 from near lower 
angle of cell. 



2\ 



Sect. I. {Simplicia). Antennas of male not knotted and 
contorted. 



2794. Simplicia schaldusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 180. 
Culicula bimarginata, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 178. 
Nabartha marginata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 234, pi. 177, fig. 2 ; 

C 8f S. no. 3040. 

Pale ochreous brown. Pore wing with a straight submarginal 
line, with diffused fuscous on its inner side, the area beyond it 
grey ; obscure ante- and postmedial waved lines approaching each 
other towards inner margin ; a speck at end of cell. Hind wing 
with the submarginal line similar but angled at vein 2. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Singapore ; Sumatra ; Borneo. Exp. 40 millim. 

2795. Simplicia marginata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 195, pi. 6, fig. 19 ; 

C. Sr S. no. 3001. 

Differs from schaldusalis in the submarginal line of fore wing 
being bent outwards to apex. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bombay ; Nilgiris : Ceylon ; .Rangoon. Exp. 
26 millim. 

D2 



36 noctuid^;. 

2796. Simplicia butesalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 187. 

Bocana murinalis, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 89 ; C. fy 8. no. 3002. 
Bocana concisalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1171. 

Differs from robustalis in the antemedial line of fore wing being 
more erect ; the postmedial line excurved round end of cell ; the 
submarginal line straight ; the colour usually darker, and the costa 
of fore wing ochreous. 

Hab. S. Africa ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; 
Borueo ; Aru; Australia; Solomons. Exp. 30-42 millim. 

Sect. II. (Libisosa). Antennae of male knotted and contorted, 
and with a slight tuft of scales at middle ; the fore femora 
with a tuft of long hair ; the sheath on fore tibia very large. 

2797. Simplicia robustalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 58 ; Moore, Lep. 

Ceyl. iii. pi. 177, figs. 1, 1 a; C. $ 8. no. 3021. Li 
Bocana turpatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 174. 
Sophronia caeneusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 94. 
Bocana concoloralis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1171. 
Bocana robustalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1172. 
Aginna circumscripta, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1885, p. 474 (nee Wlk.). 
Aginna simulata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 195 ; C. § 8. no. 3023. 

Differs from schaldusalis in 
being more ochreous brown. 
Tore wing with the curved 
postmedial line crenulate ; 
hardly a trace of dark suffu- 
sion inside the submarginal 
line, the area beyond it 
ochreous brown. Hind wing- 
Fig. 16.— Simplicia robmtalis, rf . i. with the dark suffusion and 

grey absent. 
Hab. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Borneo ; Mysol ; 
Morty ; Australia ; Sandwich Islands. Exp. 38 millim. 

2798. Simplicia niphona, Butl. III. Het. n, p. 56, pi. 38, fig. 9. n 
Aginna similis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 195 ; C. § 8. no. 3022. J 

Differs from robustalis in the antemedial line of fore wing being 
more erect ; the postmedial line excurved round end of cell ; the 
submarginal line straight ; the colour usually darker, with the costa 
of fore wing ochreous. 

Hab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 30-42 millim. 

Genus ADRAPSA. 

Lusia, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1113 (1857), praeocc. 

Adrapsa, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 169 (1858). 

Bocana, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 170. 

Lamura, Wlh. Cat. xvi, p. 189. 

Badiza, Wlk- Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 195 (1864). 

Bithiasa, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1116 (1865). 

Asthala, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 196 (1882). 




ADRAPSA. 37 

Type, A. ablualis, Wlk. 

Range. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Singapore ; 
Borneo ; Gilolo. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head ; thorax 
and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae slightly hairy. Fore wing 
with the apex somewhat acute. Hind wing with the cell short ; 
veins 3, 4 usually stalked, 6, 7 stalked ; 5 from near lower angle of 
cell. 

Sect. I. Palpi of male with long hair on inner side, and a tuft in 
front towards extremity, the 3rd joint obliquely porrect ; 
antennae knotted and contorted, with slight tufts of hair on 
upperside of joints as far as middle ; fore wing with no 
costal fold ; fore leg with a tuft of long hair and flattened 
scales from the joint of femur and coxa. 

A. (Badiza). Palpi of male with the 2nd joint fringed in front 
with long hair to its extremity. 

2799. Adrapsa ereboides, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 198. / 

(S . With uniseriate branches to antennae. Fuscous black. Fore 
wiug with traces of antemedial and medial lines ; a pale lunule on 
discocellulars ; a crenulate postmedial and sinuous submarginal 
line, with ochreous edges; a large ochreous-white subapical patch. 
Hind wing with indistinct medial and postmedial lines ; a series of 
small ochreous lunules on the margin of both wings. Underside 
more or less suffused with ochreous. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Borneo. Exp. 34 millim. 

< 2800. Adrapsa despecta, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1058. 

Egnasia nubifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 114, pi. 165, fig. 9. 

Differs from ereboides in the male having long bristles and cilia 
to the antennae, instead of uniseriate pectinations. 

One specimen is ochreous brown, irrorated with black. 

Hob. Khasis; Mlgiris; Ceylon; E. Pegu. Exp. 34 millim. 

B. (Adrapsa). Male with a tuft of long hair from the base of 
2nd joint of palpus. 

2801. Adrapsa ablualis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 170; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 
pi. 167, fig. 6 ; C.Sf S. no. 2939. J-~ 
Bocana subapicalis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 244; C. fy & no. 3005. 

Antennae of male with uniseriate pectinations. Differs from 
ereboides in the ante- and postmedial lines of fore wing and the 
sinuous submarginal line being whiter, the two former nearly 
straight ; a white speck at centre, and spot at end of cell. Hind 
wing with the base whiter. Underside with the basal area of 
both wings speckled with white. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp., <$ 32, $ 36 millim. 



38 FOCTUID.E. 

2802. Adrapsa geometroides, Wlk. Cat. xiii, p. 1113; Hmpsn. 111. 

Het. ix, pi. 167, fig. 13 ; C. $ S. no. 2999. 

Antennse of male with long bristles and cilia. Differs from 
ablualis in the ante- and postmedial lines of fore wing being 
obscure and crenulate; the apical patch wanting in male, small 
above in female, and ochreous or white below. 

Hob. Ceylon ; Gilolo. Exp., S 32, $ 36 millim. 

2803. Adrapsa albirenalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 85; a $ S. 

no. 2950. 

Differs from geometroides in the fore wing being irrorated with 
black ; the ante- and postmedial lines usually whiter and more 
sinuous; the submarginal line whitish throughout, with only a 




Fig. 17. — Adrapsa albirenalis, tf . \. 

slight white subapical patch in female, usually large in male. 
Hind wing with the medial and submarginal lines whiter and 
waved. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 42-50 millim. 

Sect. II. Male with slight tuft of hair on inner side of 2nd joint 
of palpi, and very large tuft on inner side of 3rd joint; 
antennae knotted and contorted, with slight tufts of hair on 
upperside of joints as far as middle, and long cilia. Fore 
wing with no costal fold. 

2804. Adrapsa SCOpigera, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 195, pi. 172, fig. 9 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2742. 

3 . Exactly similar to the ochreous form of despecta, except in 
structural characters. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 34 millim. 

Sect. III. Males with the 3rd joint of palpi upturned and naked ; 
no tuft from 2nd joint ; antennse pectinated ; fore wing with 
a large costal fold. 

A. (Bocana). Male with bipectinate antenna?; the branches 
of moderate length. 

2805. Adrapsa manifestalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 171 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

ix, pi. 167, fig. 9 ; C. Of S. no. 3000. /, 2^ . 
Lamura oberratalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 189. 

Bithiasa determinata, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1116; Cfy S. no. 2997. 
Diomea repulsa, Wlk. Cat xxxiii, p. 899. 



ADRAPSA. — HETEEOMALA. 39 

Dark fuscous brown. Fore wing with indistinct oblique ante- 
medial dark line ; a white or black speck at end of cell ; a waved 
postruedial line excurved beyond cell ; an irregularly sinuous 
subniarginal line. Hind wing with medial and submarginal waved 
lines ; underside with black cell-spot. 

In many specimens the two waved lines have whitish outer edges. 

Hab. Khasis ; Rangoon ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Singapore ; Grilolo. 
Exp. 36-40 millim. 

B. (Asthala). Male ivith the antennce pectinated on one side, the 
branches very short and ending in a long spine, ciliated on the 
other. 

2806. Adrapsa silenusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 179 ; Moore, Lep. Atk. 

pi. vi, fig. 22; C. $ S. no. 3020. / 
Thermesia noctinix, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 185. 

Dark fuscous. Fore wing with an indistinct curved antemedial 
line ; a white speck in cell ; a large white reniform spot ; a post- 
medial indistinct line excurved round cell and arising from a white 
speck on costa ; an indistinct sinuous submarginal shade. Hind 
wing with indistinct speck at end of cell ; a sinuous medial line 
with pale outer edge ; an indistinct crenulate submarginal line : 
underside with deep black pale-edged cell-spot ; the medial and 
submarginal line pale and crenulate. 

Hab. Khasis ; Rangoon ; Borneo. Exp. 34 millim. 

Sect. IV. Palpi as in Sect. II. ; antennae of male ciliated ; fore 
wing with costa more arched, and outer margin oblique; a 
large costal fold ; hind wing ample, with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell. 

2807. Adrapsa abnormalis, Swinh. MS. 

$ . Greyish fuscous. Fore wing with waved antemedial line ; 
a white lunule at end of cell ; a waved oblique postmedial line, the 
area beyond it paler grey ; an ill-defined submarginal lunulate 
band. Hind wing darker, with waved medial and postmedial lines. 

Hab. Sikhim (Jdoller) ; Khasis. Exp. 45 millim. 



Genus HETEEOMALA, nov. 

Type, H. thyrophora, Hmpsn. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis. 

$ . Palpi with the 2nd joint very long, upcurved, and with 
tufts of hair on inner side, the 3rd joint of moderate length, with 
a tuft of hair at middle ; a short frontal tuft ; antennae with two 
pairs of long thick setae from each joint ; fore femora and tibiae 
with slight tufts of hair; mid tibiae with a slight tuft at base. 
Fore wing with the apex acute, the outer margin crenulate; vein 1 
curved and anastomosing with 2, which runs to outer augle ; 3 and 
4 from angle of ceil; 5 absent; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 



40 NOCTTJIDJE. 

stalked. Hind wing with the margin crenulate ; the anal angle 
lobed ; the cell short ; vein 5 from near lower angle ; 6 and 7 
from upper angle ; 8 short and bent upwards to middle of costa, 
which is arched. 

2 • With veins 1-5 of fore wing normal ; hind wing with vein 8 
anastomosing with 7 to middle of cell. 

;) 2808. Heteromala thyrophora, n. sp. 

3 . Ochreous brown, suffused with fuscous. Fore wing with 
small dark antemedial and medial strigae from costa ; a large black- 
brown triangular costal postmedial patch with pale edges ; a 




Fig. 18. — Heteromala thyrophora, $. \. 

hyaline lunule at end of cell ; a quadrate hyaline spot beyond end 
of cell between veins 4 and 6, with two smaller spots below it. 
Hind wing darker, especially the basal area ; a hyaline spot at end 
of cell and another beyond it, with a line from it to middle of 
inner margin, beyond which are two hyaline spots and a line to 
anal angle ; both wings with pale marginal line. 

Hah. Sikhim (Knyvett); Khasis. Ectjp. 30 millim. Type in 
coll. Knyvett. 

Genus PSEUDAGLOSSA. 

Pseudaglossa, Grote, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. ii, p. 47 (1874). 

Type, P. lubricalis, Greyer, from IS". America. 

Range. Nearctic region and throughout India, Ceylon, Burma, 
and Malacca. 

Palpi sickle-shaped and slender, the 2nd joint reaching above 
vertex of head. Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae not 
hairy. Fore wing with the apex rounded. Hind wing with vein 5 
from lower angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male with bristles and cilia ; palpi with 
the 3rd joint minute in male, long in female. 

2809. Pseudaglossa quadrinotata, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 893 ; Hmpsn. 
III. Het. ix, pi. 163, fig. 9 ; C. $ 8. no. 2399. 

Fuscous brown. Head and thorax suffused with white. Fore 
wing with the medial arsa paler ; waved subbasal, ante- and post- 
medial lines on pale bands ; an indistinct lunule at end of cell ; a 
sinuous submarginal line with a white line inside it, and the area 
beyond it white with black spots at apex and middle of margin, 



PSEUDAGLOSSA. BLEPTLNA. 41 

the latter with a white speck beyond it on the cilia. Hind wing 
with waved postinedial line, the part near inner margin on a white 
band ; a white submarginal line on inner area ; the outer margin 
white, except at apex. 

In the Ceylon and Andaman specimens the postmedial line of 
fore wing is bent out beyond lower angle of cell ; in the Andaman 
specimen the ante- and postmedial lines are on prominent white 
bands. 

Hab. Nagas ; Moulmein ; Ceylon; Andamans. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male bipectinated, the branches short with 
long bristles from their ends ; palpi as in female of 1st section ; 
fore wing without tufts of hair. 

2810. Pseudaglossa fulvipicta, Butt. III. Het. vii, p. 87, pi. 134, 
%. 5. 

Pseudaglossa modesta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 261. 

Fuscous black. Fore wing with curved antemedial line ; the 

reniform large and ochreous ; a post- 
medial line excurved round cell and 
whitish towards costa ; a black sub- 
apical spot with white outer edge, 
and w 7 hite spot on upper edge, often 
with a minute speck above it ; an 
indistinct sinuous submarginal shade, 
pig ig Hind wing with antemedial, post- 

Pseudaglossa fulvipicta, $ . \. medial, and submarginal slightly 

curved dark lines with pale outer 
edges. Underside of fore wing with deep black, white-edged, 
orbicular and reniform spots ; hind wing with lunule at end of 
cell ; the postmedial line of both wings prominent and obliquely 
curved. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Nilgiris ; Eangoon. Exp. 28-32 millim. 

Genus BLEPTINA. 

Bleptina, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 66 (1854). 
Bertula, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 162 (1858). 

Type, B. confusalis, Guen., from S. America. 

Range. Nearctic and Neotropical regions ; Japan ; Himalayas ; 
Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; Assam ; Burma and Malayasia. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far above vertex of head, the 
3rd long with a tuft of hair on inner side ; antennas fasciculated 
in male ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Fore wing with 
the apex somewhat acute ; veins 8 and 9 anastomosing to form the 
areole, which is short and broad, or long and narrow, vein 10 some- 
times given off beyond it. Hind wing with vein 5 from near lower 
angle of cell. 




42 stoctuid^. 

Sect. I. {Bleptina). Males with the palpi not tufted with long 
hair, nor recurved over head ; fore wing with no costal 
fold. 

A. Fore tibice of male with a sheath enclosing a mass of 
flocculent scales. 

2811. Bleptina hadenalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 85; C. fy S. 

no. 2954. 
Herminia restricta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 192; C. fy S. no. 2959. 
Herminia ruptistigma, Hmpsn. III. Met. viii, p. 100, pi. 148. 

fig. 20. 

6 • Pale brown. Fore wing with traces of an ante medial sinuous 
line ; a dark lunule at end of cell ; an indistinct sinuous post- 
medial line incurved below cell, and with dark patches on it beyond 
the cell and above inner margin ; a sinuous submarginal line ; a 
marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing with traces of medial 
line, postmedial band, and submarginal line ; a marginal series of 
dark lunules ; underside paler, with speck at end of cell and crenu- 
late medial and postmedial lines. 

§ • With well-marked pale submarginal line to hind wing. 

In ruptistigma, from the JNilgiris, vein 10 of the fore wing is 
given oft: beyond the areole. 

Hob. Sikhini ; Assam. Exp. 38 millim. 

2812. Bleptina nigella, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 265. 

$ • Smoky black. Tore wing with traces of waved ante- and 
postmedial lines ; a black speck at end of cell : hind wing with 
traces of a waved medial line : both wings with a submarginal 
series of minute white specks and marginal series of black specks. 
Underside suffused with grey; both wings with cell-spot and 
waved postmedial and submarginal grey lines. 

Hob. Kangoon. Exp. 32 millim. 

2813. Bleptina apidanusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 240 ; C.$S. no. 2951. 

2 • Dull reddish brown. Fore wing with indistinct antemedial, 
medial, and postmedial minutely dentate lines ; a white spot at 
end of cell ; prominent submarginal and marginal lunulate lines. 
Hind wing with antemedial and medial minutely dentate lines, and 
submarginal lunulate line. Underside greyer ; fore wing with 
dark subapical marks beyond the postmedial line. 

Hab. " N. India." Exp. 30 millim. 

2814. Bleptina Vialis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 192; C. 8f S. no. 2963. 

$ . Fuscous. Fore wing with a broad antemedial pale oblique 
band traversed by a dark line near its inner edge ; a minute speck 
in the cell, and a dark lunule on the discocellulars ; some black 
beyond and below end of cell ; a black mark at apex. Hind wing 



BLEPTINA. 43 

with a dark mark below lower angle of cell ; an indistinct pale sub- 
marginal line, most prominent towards anal angle. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

2815. Bleptina ochracealis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 85; C. $ S. 
do. 2957. 

$ . Head and thorax fulvous brown ; the abdomen fuscous, 
ringed with white. Fore wing fulvous brown, with traces of 
autemedial and diffused medial lines ; a highly crenulate post- 
medial liue ; a submarginal band of the ground-colour defined by 
fuscous suffusion ; a black subapical spot and marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing whitish, the inner area suffused with 
fuscous ; postmedial and submarginal lines obsolete towards costa ; 
the cilia brown. Underside suffused with ochreous ; fore wing 
with crenulate postmedial line, cell-spot, and subapical spot • hind 
wing with cell-spot, postmedial and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

\ 2816. Bleptina apicalis, n. sp. 

2 . Ochreous brown, slightly irrorated with black. Fore wing 
with indistinct crenulate antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines ; 
a speck in cell and spot at end of it ; traces of a submarginal line ; 
an apical black spot and marginal series of specks. Hind w T ing 
with dark spot at end of cell ; crenulate postmedial and submarginal 
lines and marginal series of specks ; the apex fuscous. 

Hab. E. Pegu (Doherty). Exp. 30 millim. Type in coll. 
Elwes. 

B. Fore tibice of male without a sheath. 
a. Palpi with no tuft of hair on 2nd joint. 

2817. Bleptina latifasciata, n. sp. / 

$ . Smoky black. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial oblique 
lines, the area between them ochreous, traversed by an indistinct 
dark medial line ; an irregularly waved submarginal indistinct line 
with a white spot on it at costa ; a marginal series of dark specks. 
Hind wing with indistinct medial and postmedial pale lines and 
marginal series of dark specks. Underside suffused with grey, with 
cell-spot, medial and indistinct postmedial lines to both wings. 

Hab. Sikhim {Dudgeon) ; Khasis ; E. Pegu {Doherty). Exp. 
28 millim. Type in coll. Ehves. 

b. Palpi ivith slight tufts of hair on inner side of both 
2nd and 3rd joints. 

2818. Bleptina melanosticta, n. sp. 

$ . Fuscous brown. Pore wing with short subbasal and sinuous 
antemedial indistinct lines ; a large subquadrate black patch below 



44 noctttid^;. 

base of cell ; a speck in cell and ochreous sfcriga on fuscous patch 
at its end on a waved medial line ; an obliquely sinuous postmedial 
line, with traces of a waved line with some ochreous marks and 
black specks beyond it; two black subapical spots and oblique 
streak from apex. Hind wing with indistinct cell-spot and post- 
medial line on underside. 

Hob. E. Pegu, 4000 feet {Doherty). Exp. 44 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2819. Bleptina perfusca, Swinh. MS. 

<5 . Dark fuscous. Eore wing with antemedial pale line angled 
on subcostal nervure ; a limule at end of cell ; a quite straight 
postmedial line and irregularly sinuous submarginal line. Hind 
wing with nearly straight medial line, and traces of submarginal 
line obsolete towards costa ; both wings with fine marginal line. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

Sect. II. (Bertula). Males with the palpi recurved over vertex of 
head and thorax, the 2nd joint fringed with hair in front and 
with tufts of very long hair from the inner side ; the 3rd joint 
with tufts of long hair; fore tibiae without a sheath; fore 
wing with a costal fold acting as retinaculum. 

A. Fore iving of male with the costal fold narrow. 

2820. Bleptina abjudicalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 163 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

ix, pi. 167, fig. 4 ; C. Sf S. no. 29T5. / 7. 
Bocana tumidalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 176. / 
Bertula thyrisalis, Wlk. Cat. xix ; p. 886 (nee p. 167). 

Head and thorax dark red-brown ; abdomen fuscous, with a 
pale line on basal segment. Fore wing with the basal area red- 
brown; an oblique ante- 
medial ochreous line ; a 
white lunule at end of 
cell ; a postmedial line 
sinuous from the costa 
to vein 4, where it is 
angled and bent in- 
wards to below the end 
Fig. 20.— Bleptina abjudicalis, $ . \. of cell ; the area be- 

tween the lines brownish 
ochreous, with traces of a medial line ; an indistinct sinuous 
submarginal dark line. Hind wing dark fuscous, with indistinct 
pale waved medial and submarginal lines ; underside with the basal 
area pale ; a cell-spot and the lines more distinct. 

The form tumidalis has the area between the ante- and post- 
medial lines of fore wing much darker. 
Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 




BLEPTINA. 



45 



2821. Bleptina partita, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 99, pi. 148, fig. 13. 

$ . Differs from abjudicalis in the fore wing being red-brown as 
far as the postmedial line ; the antemedial line obsolete ; a black 
speck at middle of cell, and lunule at end of it; the postmedial 
line indistinct, almost straight, and very slightly angled at vein 4. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nilgiris. Eoop. 26 millim. 

2822. Bleptina dentilinea, n. sp. 

2 . Differs from abjudicalis in the medial fulvous area of the 
fore wing being broader, with the postmedial line dentate and 
angled outwards beyond lower angle of cell. 

Hab. Sikhim {Knyvett). Exp. 34 millim. Type in coll. 
Knyvett. 

B. Fore wing of male with the costal fold large and wide. 

a. Male with the antennae and palpi normal. 

2823. Bleptina hisbonalis, Wlk. Cat xvi, p. 164 ; C.SfS. no. 2979. /) 

Dark fuscous brown ; the tufts from 2nd joint of palpi 
ochreous. Fore wing with a pale speck at end of cell ; an oblique 
submarginal pale straight line from apex, beyond which the area 
is greyish. Hind wing with the oblique line postmedial; the outer 
area grey. 

Hab. Khasis ; Margharita, Assam. Exp. 46 millim. 

2824. Bleptina jutalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 172 ; C. $ S. no. 2993. 
Bocana hypenalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 174 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. 167, fig. 21 ; C. $ S. no. 2992. 
Bertula mysalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 886 ; C. 8f S. no. 2994. 
Bertula albinotalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 613; C. $ S. 

no. 2991. 
Bocana incongruens, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 448. 
Hadenma ignicorna, Si-oinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 264, pi. 8, 

fig. 12. *A\ 

Grey-brown with a slight purplish tinge. Fore wing with 
antemedial line ; a dark speck in cell, and white dark-ringed spot 
at end of it ; a diffused oblique medial line; an oblique waved 
postmedial line curved below costa ; an indistinct waved submar- 
ginal line on a diffused dark band. Hind wing with diffused ante- 
medial line; traces of a medial line; a diffused postmedial band, 
with indistinct pale line on it excurved beyond cell. Underside 
yellow-brown, with a prominent white lunule at end of cell of each 
wing. 

Male with the tufts on palpi ochreous. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Rangoon. Exp. 34 millim. 

2825. Bleptina pmnosa, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. in. p. 237, pi. 177, fig. 8; 
C. fy S. no. 2995. 

$ . Differs from jutalis in being much more suffused with 



46 NOCTTJIDJE. 

purple. Fore wing with an ochreous speck in the cell ; the spot 
on discocellulars larger ; both wings with marginal series of 
ochreous specks. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 36 millim. 

2826. Bleptina maculifascia, n. sp. 

2 . Purplish grey. Fore wing with waved antemedial, medial, 
and postmedial oblique lines ; an ochreous speck in cell and spot 
at end of it ; an irregularly sinuous submarginal line with diffused 
black on its inner side, and black spots beyond it below apex and 
at middle ; a black apical speck. Hind wing with medial line, the 
area between it and the irregularly sinuous submarginal line 
suffused with black ; a series of black spots beyond the submarginal 
line ; both wings with marginal series of ochreous specks. 

Hab. Nagas, 3000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 30 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2827. Bleptina ochreistigma, n. sp. 

2 . Fuscous brown with a purplish tinge. Fore wing with 
indistinct waved antemedial line ; ochreous speck in cell ; large 
round ochreous reniform spot ; oblique blue-grey band from near 
apex to middle of inner margin, with a dark line on it and dark 
rufous edges. Hind wing with this band continued across its 
middle ; both wdngs with marginal series of dark specks. 

Hab. E. Pegu, 5000 feet {Doherty). Exp. 32 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

b. Male ivith the 3rd joint of palpi depressed, and not forming a 
continuous curve with the 2nd ; the 2nd and 3rd fringed with 
long hair below ; a short tuft from end of 2nd joint above lying 
in a concavity formed of curved hairs from the 3rd joint; 
antennae with a fringe of scales at middle on upperside; the 
costal fold very large, the costa of hind iving arched at 



2828. Bleptina triangulifera, n. sp. 

Purplish fuscous. Pore wing with indistinct oblique ante- 
medial and medial lines, a large ochreous triangular mark on outer 
half of costa nearly reaching inner margin, and with a fulvous 
oblique line inside it from lower angle of cell, where there is a pale 
speck ; an irregularly dentate fulvous and black submarginal line. 
Hind wing with curved postmedial ochreous and black line from 
lower angle of cell to anal angle, and dentate submarginal line 
obsolete towards costa. 

Hab. Sikhim (Knyvett). Exp. 52 millim. Type in coll. 
Elwes. 



ALELIMMa. — MASTIGOPHOltUS. 47 

Genus ALELIMMA, now 

Type, A. pallidifusca, Hmpsn. 

Range. Sikhim ; Nag.is. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far above vertex o£ head, the 
3rd with a tuft of hair on inner side ; antennae almost simple in 
female, Fore wing with the apex slightly acute ; veins 8, 9, 10 
stalked. Hind wing with vein 5 from near lower angle of cell. 

2829. Alelimma pallidifusca, n. sp. 

2 • Pale fuscous brown. Fore wing with indistinct waved 
antemedial line ; slight lunule on discocellulars ; waved post- 
medial line, oblique from the costa to beyond lower angle of cell ; 
traces of sinuous submarginal line. Hind wing with traces of 
sinuous medial and submarginal lines ; both wings with marginal 
series of dark striae. 

Hal. Nagas, 6000 feet (Doherty). Eccp. 2± millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2830. Alelimma deletaria, n. sp. 

2 . Pale ochreous, slightly suffused with fuscous and rufous in 
parts. Pore wing with purplish suffusion at base of costa and form- 
ing two indistinct oblique bands from costa across the cell ; the 
outer area slightly suffused with purplish ; traces of a highly dentate 




Fig. 21. — Alelimma deletaria, 2- {• 

rufous line below cell, and two postmedial lines highly angled 
below costa ; the veins rufous. Hind wing with some darker 
ochreous beyond lower angle of cell, the inner margin suffused 
with purplish at middle; traces of a dentate postmedial line; cilia 
of both wings purplish fuscous. 

Bah. Sikhim (Jdoller). Exp. 44 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

Genus MASTIGOPHOEUS. 

Mastigophorus, JPoey, Lep. Cuba (1832). 
Mosopia, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1187 (1865). 

Type, M. parra, Poey, from Cuba. 

Range. Nearctic, Neotropical, Palaearctic, and Oriental Pegions. 
cJ . Palpi with the 1st joint upcurved at base, then porrect, 



48 



NOCTUID^. 



extremely long, and fringed with hair above, the 2nd joint bent 
back at an acute angle to above vertex of head, the 3rd a long 
flattened process with a tuft of long hair from its base ; antennae 
with long bristles and cilia ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; 
tibiae slightly hairy. Fore wing with the apex slightly acute. 
Hind wing with vein 5 from near lower angle of cell. 

2 . Palpi with the 1st joint short, the 2nd curved or obliquely 
upturned and of moderate length, the 3rd upturned, long, and 
very slender. 

The typical American section has a sheath to the fore tibia con- 
taining a mass of flocculent scales. 

Sect. II. Fore tibia with no sheath containing flocculent scales. 

A. Each joint of palpus in male very long, the 3rd extending 
to middle of abdomen. 

I 2831. Mastigophorus brontesalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 151. 

Mastygophora scopigeralis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 86 ; Waterh. 
Aid, ii, pi. 173, fig. 3 j C. $ S. no. 2964. 

<5 . Dark fuscous red-brown ; palpi with the tuft ochreous. 
Pore wing with the basal area and a broad postmedial sinuous 
band darkest ; two dark specks often present at end of cell ; in- 
distinct dark lines parallel 
to each edge of the post- 
medial band; a pair of 
black specks on the inner 
line and inner edge of band 
above inner margin ; a mar- 
ginal series of black specks. 
Hind wing with traces of 
a broad dark postmedial 
band, with a line before its 
inner edge and a series of 
specks beyond its outer. Underside whitish, with lunule at end 
of cell, crenulate postmedial line, and fuscous outer area, with 
waved pale submarginal line to each wing. 

2 . With the fore wing more uniformly coloured, and without the 
pair of dark specks above inner margin. 

Hob. Sikhim; Khasis ; Sibsagar; Borneo. Exp. 42 millim. 

2832. Mastigophorus duplicifascia, n. sp. 

J . Dark fuscous brown. Fore wing with large black reniform 
spot; an oblique ochreous postmedial band traversed by a dark 
line ; a highly sinuous submarginal pale line ; a marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing pale fuscous, with pale oblique medial 
line and traces of a waved submarginal line ; a marginal series of 
black specks. Underside with cell-spot, waved postmedial and 
submarginal lines to each wing. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. Type in B. M. 




Fig. 22. — Mastigophorus brontesalis, <$ . -J 



MASTIGOPHORUS. 49 

2833. Mastigophorus brevivittalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 87 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2976. 

S . Smoky black. Fore wing with antemedial narrow white 
band ; the orbicular and reniform large and black, with white out- 
lines ; an oblique postmedial narrow white band, with a white 
streak from it to outer margin below apex, crossing the highly 
sinuous submarginal line, which is white towards the costa. Hind 
wing with narrow white medial band obsolete towards costa ; traces 
of a waved postmedial line ; both wings with a marginal series of 
black specks. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

B. Pal-pi of male ivith all the joints shorter, the 3rd not extending 
beyond metathorax. 

2834. Mastigophorus chalyhealis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 87, pi. 7, 

fig. 8; C. $ 8. no. 2977. 

Dark purplish brown; the inner side of palpi white. Fore 
wing with the antemedial pale and dark line highly angled below 
costa. then obliquely sinuous to inner margin ; a dark lunule at end 
of cell ; a pale and dark postmedial obliquely sinuous line ; an 
irregularly dentate submarginal line. Hind wing fuscous, with 
slight lunule at end of cell ; a medial pale and dark line obsolete 
towards costa. 

Hah. Simla ; Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

2835. Mastigophorus ? dubius, Butl. III. Het. vii. p. 89, pi. 134, 

fig. 4. 

2 • Fuscous brown. Fore wing with waved antemedial and 
medial lines, the latter with the ill-defined reniform on it ; an in- 
distinct spot in the cell ; the outer area dark, with waved inner 
edge and submarginal series of white specks. 
Hah. Dharmsala. Exp. 38 millim. 

2836. Mastigophorus stigmatalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 87 ; 

C. Sr S. no. 2982. 

Black- brown. Fore wing with double sinuous ante- and post- 
medial blue-grey lines and single submarginal line ; the orbicular 
and reniform stigmata black and round ; the outer area suffused 
with blue-grey. Hind wing with traces of waved blue-grey lines 
on inner area from the middle to outer angle ; both wings with a 
marginal series of black spots. 

Eab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

2837. Mastigophorus vialis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 194; C. fy S. 

no. 2984. 

Yellow-brown, irrorated with black. Fore wing with indistinct 
slightly waved antemedial line angled below the costa; a dark 
lunule at end of cell ; a straight oblique postmedial ochreous line 

VOL. III. e 



50 tfOCTUID^. 

with black edges ; a sinuous indistinct subinarginal line. Hind 
wing paler, with straight medial ochreous line and indistinct waved 
submarginal line ; both wings with marginal crenulate black line. 

The specimen from E. Pegu has a pale inner edge to the post- 
medial line of fore wing. 

Hab. Sikhim ; E. Pegu. Exp. 34 millim. 

C. (Mosopia). Fore wing of male with a large tuft of hair recurved 
over the wing from middle of costa on upperside ; the end of sub- 
costal nervure and disco cellular s clothed with long hair. 

2838. Mastigophorus megaspila, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1188. 

Ochreous brown ; the basal half of w T ings with a purple suffusion. 
Pore wing with indistinct waved ante- and postmedial lines ; a 
large round jet-black spot with white edge at end of cell; the 
outer area suffused with fuscous, except below apex ; a marginal 
series of dark specks. Hind wings with speck at end of cell ; 
dentate postmedial line ; submarginal series of white specks and 
marginal series of dark specks. 

Hab. Nagas ; E. Pegu ; Penang. Exp., $ 42, $ 40 millim. 

Genus BRACHARTHRUM. 

Bracharthron, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 99 (1891). 

Type, B. maculapex, Hmpsn. 

Range. Nilgiris. 

(S . Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far above vertex of head, 
curved over it, and fringed with hair in front, the 3rd long and 
hairy, a tuft of long hair from the end of 2nd and 3rd joints on 
the. inner side; antenna) with long bristles and cilia; tegulse 
fringed with very long hair. Pore wing with the apex acute and 
produced ; vein 7 given off before the end of areole. Hind wing 
with vein 5 from lower angle of cell. 

2 . Palpi without tufts of hair on inner side, the 3rd joint very 
slender and naked : antennae with the bristles and cilia short ; 
patagia and fore tibiae not fringed with long hair. 

2839. Bracharthrum maculapex, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 99, pi. 148, 
figs. 4, 11. 

Brownish ochreous. Pore 
wing with waved ante medial 
line ; diffused oblique medial 
line; oblique crenulate post- 
medial line ; a minute speck 
at middle and two at end of 
// |\y cell ; a submarginal lunulate 

ochreous line, with dark sub- 
Fig. 23. — Bracharthrum maculapex, <$ . \. apical spot on its inner 

side ; a marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing with antemedial, medial, and double 




BRACHARTHRUM. — DAXATA. 



51 



postmedial crenulate dark lines; a marginal series of black 
specks. 

Bab. Nilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus FALCIMALA, nov. 

Type, F. atrata, Butl. 

Range. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. 

Palpi sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, 
the 3rd long ; antennae ciliated ; abdomen with large dorsal tuft 
on first segment ; tibiae naked. Fore wing long and narrow ; the 
apex somewhat acute ; vein 6 from below angle of cell ; 7 from 
angle ; 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 
stalked, 5 from middle of discocellulars. 

2S40. Falcimala atrata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 88, pi. 134 ; fig. 6. 

Head and thorax fuscous ; abdomen paler, with the dorsal tuft 
dark. Fore wing dark brown, irrorated with blue scales ; waved 

black subbasal, antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal 
lines ; the postmedial with 
dark suffusion inside it ; a 
pale spot at end of cell ; a 
marginal series of dark 

, specks. Hind wing pale 

r ' fuscous. 

Exp. 20 millim. 




Fig. 24. — Falcimala atrata, $ . 
Bab. Dharinsala ; Sikhim. 



Genus DAXATA. 
Daxata, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1108 (1865). 

Type, D. bijungens, Wlk. 

Range. Ceylon. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd 
with a tuft of hair on the inner side ; antennae of male with long 
bristles and cilia ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae 
naked. Fore wing with veins 8 and 9 anastomosing to form a 
short areole. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
cilia of both wings crenulate. 

2841. Daxata bijungens, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1109; Moore, Lep. 
Ceyl. iii, pi. 174, fig. 9 ; C fy S. no. 2750. / 

c? • Keddish brown, suf- 
fused with fuscous and with 
a purplish tinge. Fore wing 
with subbasal, antemedial, and 
postmedial waved black lines, 
the last highly bent outwards 
round cell ; the medial area 
deeper purplish, with a black 
at end of cell ; a pale submarginal lunulate line ; some pale 

e2 




25. — Daxata bijungens, <$. 



52 noctuid^:. 

specks on costa towards apex. Hind wing with the basal area 
deep purplish fuscous ; a dark speck at end of cell ; waved medial 
and postmedial lines, the area between them fulvous ; a submar- 
ginal series of pale specks : both wings with a marginal series of 
black lunules. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 



Genus NAGADEBA. 
Nagadeba, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1521 (1865). 

Type, N. indecoralis, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Nagas ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Andamans ; 
Java. 

Palpi very long and slender, the 2nd joint reaching far above 
vertex of head, the 3rd long with a tuft of hair on the inner side ; 
antennas minutely ciliated ; thorax and. abdomen smoothly scaled ; 
tibiae naked. Fore wing with the apex acute ; the outer margin 
angled at middle. Hind wing with the outer margin produced 
to points at veins 4 and 7 ; the cilia crenulate ; vein 5 from 
middle of discocellulars. 

2842. Nagadeba indecoralis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1521 ; Moore, Lep. 
' Ceyl. iii, pi. 174, fig-. 3 ; C. 8? S. no. 2754. $± /. 
Nagadeba ianthina, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 255. 

Very dark red-brown, suffused with purplish ; the wings irro- 

rated with white. Fore wing 
with traces of sinuous angled 
antemedial and medial lines ; 
a postmedial whitish line very 
much bent outwards beyond 
the cell ; traces of a white 
submarginal line ; a marginal 

Fig. 26.— Nagadeba indecoralis, &. f . fulvous line. Hind wing with 

sinuous postmedial white line 

with diffused white on each side of it ; traces of a crenulate 

white submarginal line ; a fulvous marginal line. Underside more 

highly coloured. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Java. Exp. 24 millim. 

2843. Nagadeba castanealis, n. sp. 

Differs from indecoralis in being much redder. Tore wing less 
suffused with blue-grey ; a distinct waved antemedial line ; a 
curved medial line ; the postmedial line less bent out beyond cell. 
Hind wing with the pale line medial, and with a dark line beyond 
it ; no crenulate submarginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim (JElwes) ; Nagas (Doherty). Exp. 28 millim. Type 
in B. M. 




SA.GADEBA. — HYDRILLODES. 53 

2844. Nagadeba cinerea, n, sp. 

Differs from castanealis in being grej-brown. Fore wing with 
a prominent dentate submarginal line. Hind wing with the lines 
as in indecoralis, but with a prominent dentate submarginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim (Moller) ; Nagas ; Andamans (Boherty). Exp. 
24 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2845. Nagadeba curvilineata, n. sp. 

5 . Differs from cinerea in the antemedial line of fore wing and 
the medial line of both wings being more prominent ; the post- 
medial line highly and quite evenly curved on fore wing, straight 
on hind wing. 
Hab. Bhutan {Dudgeon). Exp. 22 millim. Type in B. M. 



Genus HYDRILLODES. 

Hvdrillodes, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 65 (1854). 
Eckana, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 195 (1858). 
Bibacta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 197 (1882). 

Type, H. lentalis, Gruen. 

Range. S. Africa ; Japan ; throughout India, Ceylon, and 
Burma ; Borneo ; Celebes ; Australia ; Fiji. 

Palpi long and sickle-shaped, the 2nd joint curved over the 
head, the 3rd long ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Fore 
wing with the apex usually rounded ; the outer margin evenly 
curved; the cell short ; veins 4, 5 stalked ; hardly a trace of the 
discocellulars ; 6 from upper angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 
Hind wing with the cell short ; veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 from lower 
angle of cell ; 6, 7 stalked. 

Sect. I. Palpi of male with the 3rd joint long, curved and with 
slight tuft of hair ; fore tibiae fringed with hair. 

A. (Hydrillodes). Antennae of male minutely ciliated ; fore wing with 
the apex rounded ; no costal fold and tuft nor distortion of 

nervules. 

2846. Hydrillodes lentalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 66 ; pi. 5, ng. 3 ; 

C. f S. no. 2972. ^ 
Hydrillodes uliginosalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 66. 
Catada captiosalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 210. 
Gizania cleobisalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 249. 
Bocana hemusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 177. 
Bocana metisalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 183. 
Bocana moloalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 887. 
Bleptina dimissalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1162. 
Bleptina latifascialis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1162. 
Bocana basalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 88 ; C. fy S. no. 2996. 
Hydrillodes subbasalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 613, pi. 60, fig.8 ; 

C. & S. no. 2973. 



54 NOCTUIDJE. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint smoothly scaled in front. Fuscous 
brown ; fore wing with the base dark ; the antemedial area pale or 
reddish brown, crossed by a more or less developed, ill-defined, 
dark medial band ; a black speck or spot sometimes present at end 
of cell ; the outer half of wing dark, with an indistinct pale waved 
submarginal line. Hind wing pale, with indistinct cell-spot and 
postmedial line, which are prominent on underside. 

The form lentalis is small, with the antemedial area of fore wing 
reddish ; uliginosalis is large, with the antemedial area pale olive ; 
whilst in latifascialis from the Andamans it is whitish. 

Hab. S. Africa ; Japan ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Andamans ; Borneo ; Celebes ; Australia. Eoop. 24-30 millim. 

2847. Hydrillodes morosa, Butt. III. Het. iii, p. 64, pi. 56, fig. 15 ; 
C. Sf 8. no. 2930. / 

S . Differs from lentalis in the 2nd joint of palpi of male being 
fringed with long scales in front so as to appear more angular. 

The Japanese form has the subbasal area of fore wing pale : the 
Ceylonese form has it reddish, and the submarginal line reduced 
to specks. 

Hab. Japan ; Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

*2848. Hydrillodes transversalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 613 $ 
C. $ S. no. 2974. 

Pale brown. Pore wing with waved medial white line. Hind 
wing with the cilia chequered brown and grey. Underside pale, 
with medial dark band, which is sinuous on hind wing. Palpi and 
legs black speckled. 

Hal. Andamans. Exp. 28 millim. 

B. Antennae of male minutely ciliated, ; fore wing with veins 
6, 7, 8, 9, 10 distorted and bent. 

2849. Hydrillodes torsivena, n. sp. 

cJ . Differs from abavalis in being darker ; fore wing with the 
postmedial series of specks less prominent. 

Hab. Sikhini (Moller). Exp. 32 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

C. (Bibacta). Antennae of male with long cilia ; fore wing with a small 
fold at base of costa, containing an erectile tuft of long hair ; the 
apex truncate; vein 11 from angle of cell and very short. 

2850. Hydrillodes truncata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 198, pi. 6, fig. 25 ; 

C. Sf S. no. 2967. 

S . Dark fuscous brown. Pore wing with traces of medial and 
submarginal waved lines. Hind wing pale fuscous ; underside with 
cell-spot and medial and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 32 millim. 



HYDRILLODES. 55 

Sect, II. Palpi o£ male with the 3rd joint short and triangular, 
buried in thick hair at the end of the 2nd joint, a very long 
tuft of hair from the inuer side of the 2nd joint, extending 
backwards over the head ; antennae strongly ciliated ; fore 
tibiae enclosed in a cap-like covering, containing a mass of 
flocculent hair. 

A. Fore wing with no tuft of hair on underside of costa. 

2851. Hydrillodes gravatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 175; Moore, Lep. 

Ceijl iii, pi. 177, fig. 12 ; C. $ S. no. 2971. 
Bocana erythusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 177 ; C. fy S. no. 2970 a. 
Echana tennenti, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 120, fig. ] . 

Fuscous black. Fore wing with the subbasal and antemedial 
lines almost obsolete ; a black lunule at end of cell, with a large 
whitish patch beyond it crossed by the waved postmedial line ; an 
indistinct pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing pale, especially 
at base, and with an indistinct cell-spot. Underside with cell- 
spot and pale waved medial and submarginal lines, only developed 
on fore wing towards costa. 

Hab. Punjab ; Sikhim ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Andamans ; Borneo. 
Exp. 28 millim. 

B. Fore wing with a very large tuft from middle of costa on 
underside reaching across the cell. 

2852. Hydrillodes nilgirialis, n. sp. 

3 . Exactly similar to typical lentalis except for the structural 
characters. 

Rah. Nilgiris (Hampson). Exp. 28 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. III. (Echana). Palpi of male with the 2nd joint dilated at 
extremity, the 3rd joint recurved over * head. Eore wing 
with a large costal vesicular fold on upperside containing a 
mass of flocculent scales. 

2853. Hydrillodes abavalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 196 ; Moore, Lep. Ctyl. 

iii, pi. 177, fig. 10 ; C. # S. no. 2965. 

Echana plicalis, Moore, P. Z. 8. 
1867, p. 86, pi. 7, fig. 7; C. $ S. 
no. 2966. 

3 . Uniform dark fuscous 
brown ; fore wing with indistinct 
submarginal series of white specks 
and marginal series of dark specks. 
-p. 07 The form plicalis from Sikhim 

Hydrillodes X %avalis, tf. \. is much larger than typical aba- 

valis. 
Hab. Sikhim ; W. and S. India ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 22-32 
millim. 




56 noctuim;. 



Genus NODARIA. 

Nodaria, Gaen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 63 (1854). 
Zanclognatha, Led. Noct. p. 211 (1857). 
Hipoepa ?> Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 188 (1858). 
Lobocheilos, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 98 (1891). 

Type, N. extemalis, Guen. 

Range. Europe ; S. Africa ; Mauritius ; Japan ; China ; Formosa ; 
throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Borneo. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd 
with a tuft of hair on inner side, usually in the males only ; 
antennae of males with long bristles and cilia ; thorax and abdomen 
smoothly scaled. Fore wing with the apex rectangular ; the outer 
margin rounded ; veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, often with a minute areole 
at their base. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 from angles of 
cell or on short stalks ; 5 from near middle of discocellulars. 

Sect. I. Fore tibia of male with a large sheath covering the whole 
of the tarsus and enclosing a mass of flocculent scales. 

A. Antennce of male knotted and contorted at middle. 

2854. Nodaria externalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 64 ; C. $ S. no. 2986. 
Bocana sesopusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 185. 

Herminia cinerealis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1159. 

Miana indecisa, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1957. 

Diomea bryophiloides, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xvii, p. 408 (1867). 

Bocana tristis, Butl. III. Het. iii, p. 65, pi. 57, fig. 2. $ 

Hydrillodes indistincta, Butl. P. Z. S. 1880, p. 681. 

Nodaria cingala, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 233 ; C. 8f S. no. 2985. 

Aginna lsevicula, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1889, p. 417, pi. 43, fig. 14. 

c? . Head and thorax fuscous brown ; the abdomen paler. Fore 
wing dark fuscous brown, with indistinct ante- and postmedial 
waved lines ; a submarginal sinuous line, with a series of ochreous 
specks on it ; an indistinct lunule at end of cell. Hind wing pale 
fuscous. 

2 . Darker. 

Bab. S. Africa ; Mauritius ; Japan ; Formosa : throughout 
India, Ceylon, and Burma; Borneo. Exp. 26-30 millim. 

2855. Nodaria flavifusca, n. sp. 

5 . Dark fuscous brown, with a yellowish tinge. Fore wing 
with some ochreous suffusion at base ; an irregular ochreous line 
from costa before apex to vein 6. Hind wing fuscous. 

Hob. Nagas (Boherty). Exp. 36 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

B. Antenna; of male not knotted and contorted nor serrate. 

2856. Nodaria innocens, Butl. III. Set. iii, p. 63, pi. m, fig. 10. 6 
Zanclognatha undulata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 193 ; C. fy S. no. 2970. 
Herminia lineosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 193 ; C. fy S. no. 2956. 




NOD A EI A. 57 

Grey-brown. Fore wing with waved ante- and postmedial lines 

angled below the costa ; a 
diffused medial indistinct 
line ; a lunule on discocellu- 
lars ; a sinuous submar- 
ginal dark line, with pale 
tfP W outer edge ; a marginal 

series of dark strigse. Hind 
wing with indistinct medial 
¥ig.28.—Kodariainnocen8, J. \. oblique line, bent near 

inner margin ; a submarginal line angled outwards to the margin 
at vein 2. 

Hab. Japan ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Assam ; Nilgiris. Exp. 
32 millim. 

t 2857. Nodaria erecta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 193 ; C. $ S. no. 2969. 

Differs from innocens in being usually reddish brown. Fore 
wing with a short subbasal line ; the ante- and postmedial lines 
not waved, the former angled below costa, the latter excurved 
round cell and bent near inner margin ; the submarginal line quite 
straight. Hind wing usually whitish. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas; Sikhim ; E. Pegu. Exp. 32 millim. 

Z.2858. Nodaria relata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 99, pi. 148, fig. 5. / 

Differs from erecta in being grey-brown. Tore wing with the 
postmedial line angled beyond cell instead of curved. Hind wing 
fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 

£,2859. Nodaria palumbina, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 88, pi. 134, fig. 9. 

Differs from erecta in being ochreous brown. Fore wing with 
the reniform a large black spot ; the antemedial line highly waved ; 
the postmedial crenulate ; the submarginal slightly irregular, es- 
pecially below costa. Hind wing with the medial line oblique and 
angled outwards below cell. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

C 2860. Nodaria fractalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 60; C.$ S. no. 2989.. 
Herminia raptatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 164. 
Gonitis pusilla, Butl. A.M. N. H. (4) xvi, p. 405. 
Zanclognatha invenustua, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 268, 
pi. 8, fig. 9. 

Differs from innocens in being redder brown. Fore wing with 
the postmedial line more waved and crenulate; the submarginal 
line angled below costa and at middle. 

Hab. Natal ; Poona ; Ceylon. Exp. 34 millim. 



58 



NOCTITID^. 



2861. Nodaria duplicinota, n. sp. 

Ochreous, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with a short sub- 
basal line ; a waved anteinedial line ; a white streak in end of cell 
with two black lunules on it ; a waved postmedial line, oblique 
towards inner margin ; a submarginal series of white specks on a 
diffused fuscous band ; a marginal black line. Hind wing pale, 
suffused with fuscous ; an indistinct cell-spot, postmedial and sub- 
marginal lines, the last whitish ; underside with the markings 
prominent. 

Hah. Simla; Dharmsala; Sikhim. Exp., J 24, 2 28 millim. 
Type in B. M. 

t. 2862. Nodaria discisigna, Moore, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 29 ; C. $ S. 
no. 4287. 
Helia lunifera, Moore, Lep. Ceyl iii, p. 238 ; C. $ S. no. 3042. 

2 • Ochreous white. Fore wing with short subbasal band ; almost 
straight fulvous black-speckled antemedial band ; a broad medial 
band with a waved line on its outer edge and prominent white 
lunule at end of cell ; a dark and whitish submarginal lunulate 
line ; a marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing slightly suf- 
fused with fuscous ; postmedial and submarginal angled lines, 
obsolete towards costa, the latter with pale outer edge. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

C 2863. Nodaria lapsalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 188 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 177, fig. 6; C.^S. no. 2990. 

Purplish red-brown. Fore wing with short subbasal line, 
waved antemedial, a medial line slightly angled on median nervure 
and with diffused red-brown inside it; an indistinct waved post- 
medial line and pale submarginal Hue angled outwards to margin 
at middle and with diffused red-brown inside it above the angle ; a 
red-brown apical spot. Hind wing fuscous brown, with a pale sub- 
marginal line angled outwards to margin at vein 2. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 

2864. Nodaria duplexa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 193, pi. 6, fig. 18 ; C.8f S. 

no. 2953. 

Differs from duplicinota in the colour being ochreous or fuscous. 
Fore wing with no white streak in and beyond the cell ; the black 
lunule single. Hind wing white, or rarely fuscous, the markings 
of underside showing through. Underside with no streak in cell 
of fore wing ; the lunule on both wings single. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 26-32 millim. 

2865. Nodaria saccharivora, Butl. Ill Het. vii, p. 87, pi. 134, fig. 7. 
Mesoplectra lilacina, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 17 {nee III. Het. iii, 

p. 65). 

Fuscous brown, with a slight ochreous or purplish tinge. Fore 



NODARIA. 59 

wing with short subbasal line ; waved ante- and postmedial lines ; 
dark lunule at end of cell ; irregularly dentate sub marginal line 
with diffused fuscous on its inner edge ; a marginal series of black 
specks. Hind wing with indistinct lunule at end of cell ; post- 
medial and submarginal lines, the latter with pale outer edge. 

Sikhim specimens are clearer greyish fuscous, with the hind wing 
paler. 

Bab. China ; Simla : Dharmsala ; Sikhiin. Exp. 26 millim. 

C-2S66. Nodaria cidarioides, Hmpsn. 111. Bet. viii, p. 101, pi. 148, 
fig. 12. 

£. Head and thorax clothed with pale olive- green and black 
scales; abdomen pale, irrorated with black. Fore wing pale olive- 
green, irrorated with black ; subbasal and antemedial sinuous lines ; 
a pale black-ringed speck at lower angle of cell ; a crenulate post- 
medial line ; the outer area suffused with black and with a 
submarginal series of small white lunules ; the cilia olive and black. 
Hind wing pale ; the outer area suffused with fuscous ; an 
antemedial dark line and submarginal pale line. 
Bab. Nilgiris. Exp. 2± millim. 

C. Antennce of male serrate and fasciculate. 

2867. Nodaria albapex, n. sp. 

S . Dark fuscous, with a slight purple gloss. Tore wing with 
curved antemedial black line ; a lunule at end of cell ; a postmedial 
line excurved beyond cell ; a straight submarginal line ; a black 
spot at apex, with a white patch below it. Hind wing with lunule 
at end of cell ; an oblique postmedial line ; a submarginal line bent 
outwards to margin near anal angle. 

Bab. Nagas (Doherty). Exp. 28 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

Sect. II. Fore tibia of male with the sheath smaller and not 
covering the whole tarsus. 

2868. Nodaria factitia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 263. 

3 . Hark fuscous brown. Fore wing with fine crenulate ante- 
and postmedial lines ; an obscure speck at end of cell. Hind wing 
with traces of a crenulate medial line, which is more prominent on 
underside. 

Bab. Bassein, Burma. Exp. 30 millim. 

Sect. III. Fore tibia of male with no sheath or mass of 
flocculent scales. 

A. Males with no lobe on inner margin of fore wing ; 
legs not fringed with long hair. 

2869. Nodaria maculifera, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 87, pi. 134, fig. 8. 

Fuscous brown. Fore wing with waved antemedial line ; black 
speck in cell and spot at end of it on an indistinct waved medial 



60 NOCTUID^E. 

line ; a postmedial crenulate line incurved below end of cell, and 
with a dark patch beyond it on costa ; a sinuous submarginal line 
with the area beyond it dark. Hind wing with waved ante- and 
postmedial lines, the latter bent inwards towards inner margin to 
near the antemedial line ; a sinuous submarginal line ; a marginal 
series of black specks to both wings. 

Hab. Simla ; Dharmsala. Exp. 22 millim. 

(\ 2870. Nodaria lysimeloides, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 127, pi. 167, 

tig. 10. 

<$ . Pale red-brown. Fore wing with indistinct waved ante- 
and postmedial lines, the latter excurved round cell ; a dark lunule 
on discocellulars ; a submarginal pale straight line with diffused 
brown on its inner edge ; a chocolate apical spot. Hind wing 
with submarginal pale line, with diffused brown on its inner edge, 
and angled outwards to margin at vein 2. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

B. Male with the tibice fringed with long hair ; hind tarsi with 
the Ulo proximal joints also fringed. 

( / 2871. Nodaria nigripes, n. sp. 

$ . Fuscous brown ; the legs black. Fore wing with indistinct 
waved ante- and postmedial lines, the latter highly angled beyond 
cell ; a lunule on discocellulars ; a submarginal straight line, the 
area beyond it white with black apical spot and marginal fine line. 
Hind wing with lunule on discocellulars ; an oblique postmedial 
line ; a submarginal line angled outwards to margin near anal 
angle, the area beyond it white with fuscous suffusion at apex and 
marginal black line. 

Hab. Sikhim {Dudgeon)-, E. Pegu (Doherty). Exp. 26 millifia. 
Type in coll. Elwes. 

C. (Lobochilus). Fore iving with a minute areole ; males with 
a large lobe on middle of inner margin. 

2872. Nodaria plana, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 261. 

Lobocheilos illattioides, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 98, pi. 148, 
tig. 10. 

Pale fuscous brown. Pore wing with indistinct waved ante- 
medial, medial, postmedial, and submarginal lines. Hind wing 
uith antemedial, medial, and postmedial indistinct waved lines. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Bassein, Burma. Exp. 22 millim. 

J 2873. Nodaria berresoides, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 123, pi. 167, 
figs. 15, 18. 

Differs from plana in being redder brown. Pore wing with a 
white speck in cell and lunule at end of it ; no medial line ; the 



NODARTA. — CATADA. 61 

postmedial line bent inwards below end of cell. Hind wing with 
medial and postmedial lines. Both wings with marginal series of 
black specks. 

Hah. Ceylon ; E. Pegu. Exp., $ 24, $ 26 millim. 

D. Antennae of male slightly thickened and flattened at middle. 

C) 2874. Nodaria fusca, n. sp. 

<$ . Dark fuscoas. Fore wing with indistinct waved ante- and 
postmedial lines, the latter excurved beyond cell ; a dark speck at 
end of cell ; a submarginal series of whitish specks. Hind wing 
paler, with pale submarginal line almost obsolete, except towards 
anal angle, where it is bent out to the margin. 

Bab. Sikhim (Knyvett); E. Pegu (Doherty). Exp. 28 millim. 
Type in coll. Elwes. 

Genus CATADA. 

Catada, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 209 (1858). 
Zanclopalpus, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 127 (1893). 

Type, G. vagalis, Wlk. 

Range. Throughout India, Ce} r lon, and Burma ; Andamans ; 
Borneo; Grilolo. 

Palpi slender, sickle-shaped, and naked, the 2nd joint reaching 
far above vertex of bead and tapering to extremity, the 3rd very 
long and slender ; antennae of male somewhat thickened and flat- 
tened or minutely ciliated ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. 
Pore wing with vein 7 from upper angle of cell. Hind wing with 
vein 5 from middle of discocellulars, 6, 7 usually from cell. 



* 



Sect. I. (Zanclopalpus). Pore wing with veins 9, 10 absent. 

2875. Catada rasalis, Warr. A. M. N. H (6) viii, p. 67 (1891) ; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. ix. pi. 167, fig. 20. y 

Pale fuscous. Pore wing suffused with darker fuscous, except 
the medial area ; indistinct waved antemedial, postmedial, and sub- 
marginal lines, the last with pale outer edge. 

Hah. Dharmsala ; Ceylon. Exp. 18-20 millim. 

Sect. II. Pore wing with vein 9 present and stalked with 8 ; 
10 absent. 

A. Hind wing iviih vein 3 present ; 6, 7 from the cell. 

2876. Catada prominens, n. sp. 

tS c Differs from rasalis in the ground-colour being more ochreous. 
Pore wing irrorated with fuscous ; a waved black antemedial line ; 
a speck in cell and spot at end of it, with a pale streak between 
them ; a waved medial line bent outwards round end of cell ; a 
sinuous submarginal line with diffused black on its inner edge ; a 



62 NOCTIJID^. 

marginal series of black specks. Hind wing pale fuscous, with 
pale submarginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim (Ehves). Exp. 20 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

B. Hind wing with vein 3 absent ; 6, 7 stalked. 

2877. Catada suffuscalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 460; C.&S. no. 4584. 

Fuscous brown. Fore wing with indistinct short dark subbasal 
and sinuous antemedial lines ; an ochreous black- ringed spot at 
end of cell ; traces of a pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing 
pale fuscous. 

Hab. Bombay ; Poona ; Mhow. Exp. 14 millim. 

Sect. III. Tore wing with vein 10 present, arising from the 
cell or from a minute areole. 

A. Legs of male without tufts of long hair. 

2878. Catada nigrisigna, n. sp. 

Greyish fuscous ; palpi blackish ; abdomen with some dorsal 
black marks. Tore wing with dark speck at base ; a waved ante- 
medial line ; black speck in cell and spot at end of it ; a postmedial 
waved line highly excurved beyond cell and with a darker patch on 
the costa beyond it ; traces of a submarginal sinuous line ; a 
marginal series of dark specks. Hind wing with antemedial sinuous 
line, nearly joined at inner margin by an obliquely sinuous post- 
medial line ; traces of a submarginal line ; a marginal series of 
dark specks. 

Hab. Simla {Harford). Exp>. 20 millim. Type in B. M. 

2879. Catada vagalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 172 ; Hmpsn. III. Set. ix, 

pi. 167, fig. 24 ; C.Sf S. no. 2988. 
Catada glomeralis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 210. 

Ferruginous red-brow 7 n, with a purplish tinge. Tore wing with 
an indistinct waved antemedial line : a speck in cell ; a postmedial 

white line, which may be almost 
straight or angled below costa ; 
an indistinct sinuous submarginal 
line ; some white specks on costa 
towards apex ; cilia of both wings 
w ith pale points. "Underside suf- 
fused with grey or whitish : fore 
Fie. 29.— Catada vagahs, tf . \. . .,, & ,, J .. , „ 

6 * wing with the disk fuscous; a 

white speck at upper angle of cell ; a postmedial dark line angled 
below costa ; hind wing with dark speck at upper angle of cell ; an 
oblique crenulate postmedial line. 

Hab. Travancore ; Ceylon ; Borneo ; Gilolo. Exp. 18-26 millim. 

2880. Catada canaliferalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 613 : C. & S 

no. 3030. 

$ . Differs from vagalis in the fore wing being pale rust-red ; 




CATADA. 63 

the white line broader, angled beyond cell, and with a white line 
on discocellulars enclosing a small triangular spot ; no antemedial 
or submarginal lines. Hind wing with the cilia whitish. 
Hab. Andamans ; Borneo. Exp. 26 millim. 

2881. Catada renalis, Moore. Lep. Atk. p. 194 ; C. $ 8. no. 2987. 

Dark browm. Fore wing with obliquely waved antemedial dark 
line ; black spot in cell ; straight postmedial white line, with two 
dentitions at the discocellulars and some blue-grey beyond it ; a 
highly dentate pale and dark submarginal line, with some pale 
suffusion inside it. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

2882. Catada purpureotincta, n. sp. 

5 . Dark fuscous brown. Fore wing slightly suffused with 
purplish ; an indistinct curved antemedial line ; an ochreous speck 
in cell and dark speck at end of it ; a sinuous medial rufous line 
slightly excurved round cell, and with traces of a line beyond it ; 
an irregular series of submarginal ochreous specks oblique below 
costa ; a marginal series of rufous lunules. Hind wing fuscous ; 
underside with cell-spot and postmedial line. 

Hab. E. Pegu, 5000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 28 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

2883. Catada picta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 195, pi. 6, fig. 21 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3003. 

$ . Head and thorax ferruginous ; a metallic blue-black tuft of 
scales on metathorax ; abdomen fuscous, the proximal segments 
clothed dorsally with rufous hair. Fore wing with the basal half 
bright ferruginous, with a small ring-spot in cell and bounded by 
an oblique white line, slightly bent outwards at end of cell, where 
there is a narrow white lunulate mark defined by black streaks ; 
the outer area dark red-brown ; traces of a submarginal series of 
dark spots, with a few white scales on them ; a paler patch on 
outer margin below apex, continued as a pale line to outer angle. 
Hind w T ing fuscous. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 34 millim. 

B. Mid and hind libice tufted with hair, 

2884. Catada hipartita, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 182 ; C.fyS. no. 2727. 

S • Head, thorax, and abdomen deep red-brown or purplish 
brown. Fore wing dark red-brown as far as the medial line, which 
has two sinuations in it ; a waved antemedial line ; the outer area 
paler brown, suffused with purple ; the area at outer angle some- 
times rufous with a fuscous patch above it ; a submarginal lunulate 
fuscous line, with slight ochreous patch inside its medial part, or 
replaced by a series of indistinct grey spots. Hind wing fuscous 
brown, with marginal ochreous line. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 34-40 millim. 



64 NOCTUID^. 

C. Mid legs of male with a tuft of long hair from femoro-tibial joint. 

2885. Catada albolineata, n. sp. 

Dark red- brown ; palpi with the base of 3rd joint white. Fore 
wing with a pure white obliquely waved medial line ; a straight 
subrnarginal ochreous line ; some white specks on costa towards 
apex ; both wings with a series of ochreous cilial specks. 

Bah. Simla {Barf or d); Sikhim (Moller). Exp. 25 millim. Type, 
c? in coll. Elwes, <j> in B. M. 

2886. Catada nigribasis, Swinh. MS. 

d . Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish grey-brown ; palpi 
black. Fore wing purplish grey-brown, with a large jet-black 
basal patch with oblique outer edge ; a dark speck at end of cell ; 
the costal area darker towards apex ; a sinuous white submarginal 
line. Hind wing fuscous. Abdomen long. (Mid legs wanting.) 
Bab. Khasis. Exp. 22 millim. 

Genus AR-EOPTERUM. 

Araeopteron, Bmpsn. III. Bet. ix ; p. 136 (1893). 

Type, A. pietale, Hmpsn. 

Range. Ceylon. 

Palpi slender and sickle-shaped, reaching just above vertex of 
head ; antennae almost simple ; thorax and abdomen smoothly 
scaled ; tibiae naked. Fore wing rather long and narrow ; the 
apex rounded; veins 3, 4 stalked; 6 from below angle of cell; 7 
from angle; 8, 9, 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 
6, 7 stalked ; 5 from middle of discoceliulars. 

2887. Arseopterum pictale, Bmpsn. Bl. Bet. ix, p. 137, pi. 168, fig. 19. 

$ . Head and thorax purplish white ; palpi black ; abdomen 

fulvous. Fore wing purplish white, 
irrorated with fuscous ; fuscous 
specks on costa and suffusion on 
disk, below apex, and at outer 
angle ; yellow specks in and at 
end of cell ; a series of dark mar- 
Fig. 30. ginal specks. Hind wing with 
Araopterum pictale, tf. f the discal area fulvous; a dark 
subbasal line and lunule on discoceliulars ; the apex fuscous ; a 
marginal series of dark specks. 
Bab. Ceylon. Exp. 16 millim. 

Genus NIACCABA. 
Niaccaba, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1272 (1865). 
Type, N. sumptualis, Wlk. 
Range. Ceylon. 
Palpi sickl'e-shaped, slender, and reaching above vertex of head, 




EI ACC AB A . TAL APA . 



65 



the 3rd joint minute ; antennae of male ciliated. Fore wing with 
the apex acute ; the outer margin excurved at vein 4, then very 
oblique to outer angle ; veins 3, 4 stalked, 6 from below angle of 
cell, 7 from angle ; 8, 9 stalked from before angle ; 10 absent. 
Hind wing with the outer margin excised between veins 6 and 4 ; 
veins 3, 4 stalked; 5 from near middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
from upper angle of cell. 

2888. Niaccaba sumptualis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1272 ; Hmpsn. III. 
Het. ix, pi. 171, fig. 3 ; C. $ S. no. 4405. 

S . Pale brown, suffused with pink. Fore wing with some 

black specks on the costa ; an 
oblique line from middle of 
costa to near base of inner 
margin ; the cilia pink. Hind 
wing more suffused with pink, 
|p^ especially on outer area, and 

Fig. Sl.-Maccaia mmptju, 3. I l™^ "*&. ^f™ T^j 

indistinct subbasal. ante- and 

postmedial waved lines ; a subapical yellowish semihyaline spot. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 12 millim. 




G-enus OLULIS. 

Olulis, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 126 (1863). 
Hamaxia, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 128. 
Phachthia, Wlk. Cat. xxx, p. 979 (1864). 

Type, 0. puncticinctalis, Wlk. 

Range. Naga Hills ; Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching above vertex of head, the 3rd 
long and naked ; antennae ciliated ; thorax and abdomen without 
tufts. Mid legs of male with a large tuft of hair from base of tibiae. 
Fore wing long and narrow, the apex acute ; the outer margin angled 
at middle ; veins 8, 9, 10 from before the angle and stalked. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 from near middle of discocellulars. 

2889. OMis puncticinctalis, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 127. 

Hamaxia lignulina, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 128 ; C. fy S. no. 4644. 
Phachthia lignigeralis, Wlk. Cat. xxx, p. 979. 

Head, thorax, and fore wing ochreous, the last with oblique 

medial diffused line from costa 
to lower angle of cell ; traces 
of a waved and curved post- 
medial line ; a marginal series 
of dark specks ; minute red 
specks in and at end of cell 
and beyond the lower angle. 
Hind wing pale ochreous, the 
outer half rosy pink. 
Exp. 28 millim. 




Fig. 32. — Olulis puncticinctalis, ;£. 
Hah. Nagas ; Ceylon ; Borneo. 

YOL. III. 




66 TSOCTVIDJE. 

Genus TALAPA. 
Talapa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 82. 
Type, T. caliginosa, Wlk. 
Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas ; Ceylon. 

Palpi obliquely porrect, the 2nd and 3rd joints long, the 2nd 
clothed with hair ; antennae minutely ciliated in male ; thorax and 
abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae hairy. Pore wing with the apex 
produced and acute. Hind wing with vein 5 from lower angle 
of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the outer margin slightly angled at vein 4. 

2890. Talapa caliginosa, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1017. 

Talapa caliginosalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, pi. 7, fig. 6 ; C. $ S. 

no. 2849. 

cJ . Head and thorax dark red-brown ; abdomen fuscous. Fore 
wing dark red- brown, slightly irrorated with grey scales ; almost 

straight oblique medial 
and postmedial dark lines 
with grey inner edges. 
Hind wing dark fuscous, 
with crenulate marginal 
line. Underside red- 
dish, with dark post- 
medial and indistinct 

submarginal lines ; hind 
Fig. 3S.-Talapa caliginosa, <J . |. wing ^^ ceU _ spoL 

2 . Much redder. 
Hah. Sikhim. Exp., S 42, 2 52 millim. 

2891. Talapa rufilineata, n. sp. 

c? . Grey ; the wings irrorated with rufous. Fore wing with 
oblique antemedial, medial, and postmedial straight rufous lines; 
the costa rufous ; a subapical jet-black spot, with a rufous band 
from it to costa, and traces of a curved line from it to outer margin ; 
a submarginal series of rufous specks. Hind wing with ante- 
medial and two postmedial oblique rufous straight lines ; both 
wings with waved marginal rufous lines. 

Hob. Nagas (Doherty). Exp. 44 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2892. Talapa griseifusa, n. sp. 

Head and thorax dark red-brown. Fore wing dark red-brown, 
suffused with blue-grey ; an antemedial diffused erect dark line ; 
medial and postmedial ill-defined irregular lines, the former with 
grey lunule on it at end of cell ; a double submarginal straight 
oblique line, filled in with rufous and not reaching apex, with 
black subapical and medial patches beyond it. Abdomen and hind 
wing brown, the latter with traces of postmedial line. 

The Naga female has the medial line of fore wing and post- 
medial line of hind wing double, and orange specks at the angle of 
cell of fore wing instead of the lunule on discocellulars. 

Hah. Sikhim {Elwes): Nagas {Doherty). Exp. 40-42 millim. 
Type in coll. Elwes. 



TALAPA. — SINGARA. 



67 



< 



Sect. II. Fore wing: with the outer margin not an 



A. Palpi ivitli the 3rd joint not fringed with hair above. 



2893. Talapa transvitta, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 551, pi. 215, fig. 1 ; 
C. $ S. no. 2710. 

Bright red-brown. Fore wing with indistinct waved antemedial 
line bent outwards below median nervure ; a speck in cell, a 
slightly oblique medial line with the area beyond it darker and 
shading off to the marginal area ; a crenulate postmedial line and 
indistinct waved submarginal line ; a marginal series of dark 
specks. Hind wing fuscous browD, with three indistinct waved 
lines on outer area. Underside with a white spot at end of cell 
of each wing and some waved lines on outer area. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 36 millim. 



B. Palpi with the 3rd joint fringed with hair above. 
2894. Talapa albigutta, Swinh. MS. 

2 . Dark fuscous suffused with grey. Fore wing with a 



deep 



black subbasal patch below median nervure ; traces of an ante- 
medial line ; an inverted comma-shaped white mark on a blackish 
patch on discocellulars ; a postmedial line with a rufous tinge 
excurved round end of cell, and with an irregularly dentate line 
beyond it, incurved below vein 3 ; a marginal crenulate line. Abdo- 
men and hind wing fuscous. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 

G-enus SINGARA. 
Singara, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1113 (1865). 

Type, S. diversalis, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Nagas. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint porrect and very long, the 3rd of 
moderate length, upturned, and tufted with hair ; antennae fascicu- 
lated in male ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae fringed 
with long hair. Fore wing with the apex nearly rectangular. 

2895. Singara diversalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiii, p. 1113; C. $ S. no. 2819 

<5 . Orange, uniformly suf- 
fused with crimson or blotched 
with crimsonand fuscous. Fore 
wing with indistinct straight 
oblique antemedial line; the 
reniform an indistinct yellow 
patch with two red spots on it ; 
a crenulate postmedial line 
much incurved below cell ; an 
indistinct lunulate submarginal 
line. Hind wing with traces of 
a crenulate postmedial line ; 
both wings with marginal series 
of specks. 
Exp. 52 millim. 

r2 




- 



Fig. 34. — Singara diversalis, $ . i 
Hab. Sikhim; Sylhet; Kagas. 



68 



N0CTU1DJE. 



Genus CAMPTOCHILUS, nov. 

Type, C. viola, Hmpsn. 

Range. Sikhim. 

Palpi very long, the 2nd joint obliquely upturned and fringed 
above with long hair, the 3rd with a large tuft on inner side ; 
antennae bipectinated in male; thorax and abdomen smoothly 
scaled ; tibiae naked. Fore wing with the costa angled at middle ; 
the apex acute ; the outer margin angled and hooked at middle, 
then crenulate to outer angle ; veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked and given 
off before angle of cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 
from cell ; 5 from lower angle. 

2896. Camptochilus viola, n. sp. 

& . Very pale reddish brown, suffused with bluish white. Fore 

wing with ante- and post- 
medial slightly waved in- 
distinct pale lines and 
traces of a submarginal 
line. Hind wing with 
traces of postmedial and 
submarginal pale lines, 
which are more distinct 
on underside. 
Exp. 40 millim. Type in 




Camptochilus viola, tf 



Bah. Sikhim, 5000 feet (Elwes). 
coll. Elwes. 



Genus LATIROSTKUM, nov. 

Type, L. bisacutum, Hmpsn. 

Range. Himalayas. 

Palpi very long and porrect, the 2nd joint fringed with very 
long hair above, and tapering to extremity, the 3rd spatulate at tip ; 
antennae of male ciliated ; thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; 
tibiae hairy. Pore wing long and narrow ; the costa arched at 




Fig. 36. — Latirostrum bisacutum, $ . \. 

base and then straight ; the outer margin produced to points at 
apex and vein 4 ; vein 5 almost obsolete ; 8 and 9 anastomosing to 
form the areole. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 from cell, 
5 from near middle of discocellulars. 



LATIROSTKUM. — CORCOBARA. 69 

Z2897. Latirostrum bisacutum, n. sp. 

d" .- Red-brown. Eore wing with a yellowish patch on basal 
inner area; black specks on a yellow ground in and at end of cell, 
the latter with a yellow patch above it on costa; an indistinct 
submarginal slightly sinuous black line ; a yellow subapical spot, 
and patch on outer margin below middle ; a marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing fuscous, with the cilia yellow. Under- 
side yellow, irrorated with black ; both wings with black postmedial 
line ; hind wing with cell-spot. 

Bob. Mussooree ; Sikhim {Moller). Exp. 56 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

Genus CORCOBARA. 
Corcobara, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 186 (1882). 

Type, C. angulipennis, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Ceylon ; Singapore. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd and 3rd joints very long and thickly 
fringed with hair on both sides ; a short sharp frontal tuft ; thorax 
and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibia? moderately hairy. Fore wing 
with the apex depressed and acute ; the outer margin angled at 
vein 4; the inner margin highly arched, and forming a continuous 
curve with the outer margin as far as the angle ; veins 8 and 9 
anastomosing to form the areole. Hind wing with the costa 
slightly excised ; vein 5 from the lower angle of cell. 

^2B98. Corcobara angulipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 186, pi. 6, fig. 16 ; 

' ~~~~C. fy S. no. 2852. ^ 

Corcobara thwaitesi, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 218, pi. 176, figs. 2, 
2 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 2853. 

<S . Head and thorax dark red-brown ; abdomen orange, blackish 
at extremity. Eore wing glossy red-brown, with numerous dark 
striae; two specks at end of cell. Hind wing orange, with a larg" 
fuscous-black spot near apex. Underside orange ; fore wing witn 
dark specks on costa and outer margin ; a dark submarginal band ; 
hind wing with dark specks on costa and spot near apex. 




Fig. 37. — Corcobara angulipennis, rf . \. 

Some specimens have the basal inner area of fore wing speckled 
with yellow and a medial ill-defined yellow band from cell to 
inner margin. 



70 noctuid^;. 

2 • With the fore wing very much paler. 

Larva with the first two pairs of abdominal prolegs rudimentary ; 
a conical dorsal hump on 11th somite ; colour greyish brown 
above, purplish beneath ; the sides greyish, with a longitudinal 
brown line ; spiracles black ; head ochreous, with a black spot in 
front. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Ceylon ; Singapore. Exp., tf 42, $ 50 millim. 



Genus ANOKATHA. 
Anoratha, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 82. 

Type, A. costalis, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Nilgiris : Ceylon. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint extremely long with a downward 
curve, its upperside fringed with scales ; the 3rd joint long and 
depressed. Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled, the latter very 
long in male. Fore wing with the costa arched towards apex, 
which is produced and acute, more so in the male than the female ; 
the outer margin excurved at middle, especially in male. Hind 
wing with veins 3 and 4 on a short stalk ; 5 from the middle of 
discocellulars ; the outer margin excised towards anal angle in 
male. 

2899. Anoratha costalis, Moore, P.Z.S. 1867, p. 82, pi. 7, fig. 10; 

C. Sr S. no. 2850. 

Head pale ; palpi black at sides ; thorax dark red-brown ; abdo- 
men fuscous. Eore wing dark rich red-brown ; a whitish costal 

fascia ; a straight erect 
postmedial white line, 
with a rufous spot 
beyond it on vein 5. 
Hind wing pale fus- 
cous, with indistinct 
pale postmedial line ; 
B^^ underside with dark 

cell-spot and post- 
Fig. 38.— Anoratha costalis, $. \. medial line. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 

2900. Anoratha paritalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 65 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 176, figs. 7, 7 a ■ C. $ S. no. 2851. ^ 

Head and thorax pale chestnut ; palpi black at sides ; abdomen 
fuscous. Tore wing pale chestnut, irrorated with a darker tint ; 
the costa slightly paler ; an indistinct antemedial angulated line ; 
a postmedial oblique line; some indistinct submarginal specks. 
Hind wing fuscous ; the cilia chequered rufous and fuscous ; 
underside with indistinct cell-spot and postmedial line. 




ANORATHA. — MARAPANA. 71 

The Sikhim form is large and dark, with the costa of fore wing 
purplish. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 42-52 milJim. 

Genus MARAPANA. 

Marapana, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 227 (1885). 
Sarcopteron, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 115 (1893). 

Type, M. pulverata, Gruen. 

Range. Assam; Ceylon; Burma; Sumatra; Java; Borneo. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint very long and porrect, the 3rd obliquely 
upturned ; no frontal tuft ; antennae minutely ciliated in male. 
Fore wing with the apex somewhat acute ; veins 8 and 9 anasto- 
mosing to form the areole. Hind wing with the anal angle trun- 
cate ; veins 3 and 4 sometimes on a short stalk ; 5 from just below 
middle of discocellulars. 

Sect. I. (Marapana). Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints fringed 
with long hair on upperside ; fore wing with vein 10 from 
the areole. 

/2901. Marapana incongrualis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 232; Moore, Lep, 
Ceyl. iii, pi. 177, tig. 5 ; C. $ S. no. 2925. f 

Head, thorax, and fore wing ochreous, with a slight reddish 
tinge, the last slightly irrorated with dark scales, and with indistinct 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial waved lines ; two dark specks 
on the discocellulars, some on costa towards apex, and submarginal 
and marginal series. Hind wing with the basal area pale ; the 
outer area fuscous ; underside with cell-spot and medial and post- 
medial waved lines. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

2902. Marapana plagifera, Wlk. J m. Linn. Soc. vii, p. 187. 

Differs from incongrualis in being much pinker ; fore wing with 
the submarginal line more sinuous. Hind wing crimson, with 
large black apical patch. 

In the ]Naga specimen the outer margin of fore wing is slightly 
angled at middle, and the whole costal area of hind wing black. 

Hab. ]S r agas ; Sumatra ; Borneo. Exp. 26 millim. 

2903. Marapana nisalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 845 ; Htnpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. Ib6, fig. ]6 ; C. $ S. no. 2776. _ 
Hypena rubripunctalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 233. 

Differs from incongrualis in being redder. Fore wing with four 
waved lines ; no dark specks at end of cell ; the outer area suffused 
with red. Hind wing without black suffusion ; a dark speck in 
cell ; four indistinct waved rufous lines ; a submarginal series of 
black specks and marginal crenulate pink line. Underside of fore 
wing red ; hind wing with two red lines and submarginal series of 
black specks. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 



72 noctuidjE. 

2904. Marapana pulverata, Guen. Noct. hi, p. 351 ; C. $ S. no. 2765. 
Hypena raralis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 65 ; C. # S. no. 2926. / 
Hypena truneatalis ; Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1513. 

Brick-red ; palpi black. Fore wing with a black speck in the 

cell; both wings with a dark 
oblique postmedial line, with 
pale inner edge and traces 
of submarginal and marginal 
series of specks. 

Hah. Margharita, Assam ; 
Ceylon ; Rangoon ; Java. 

Fig. 39.— Marapana pulverata, S • t- Exp. 36 millim. 




'\£f- 



Sect. II. (Sarcopterum). Palpi with the 2nd joint only fringed at 
extremity, the 3rd naked ; fore wing with vein 10 from beyond 
the areole. 

2905. Marapana punctimargo, Hmpm. III. Het. ix, p. 115, pi. 166, 
%. 22. 

Reddish ochreous brown ; the collar darker ; abdomen with 
fuscous marks above. Fore wing with traces of a waved rufous 
anteraedial line ; a black speck in cell ; a waved diffused medial 
fuscous line and traces of two similar postmedial lines ; two black 
specks at end of cell ; a marginal series of black specks to both 
wings. Underside of hind wing with black cell-spot and curved 
rufous postmedial line. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 



Genus DICHROMIA. 
Dichromia, Guen. Belt, et Vyr. p. 18 (1854). 

Type, D. orosia, Cram. 

Range. Persia ; Japan ; China ; throughout India, Ceylon, and 
Burma ; Java ; Australia. 

Palpi roughly scaled, the 2nd joint long and porrect, the 3rd 
obliquely upturned and ending in a naked point ; a sharp frontal 
tuft ; antennae minutely ciliated in male. Fore wing wdth the 
apex depressed and slightly acute ; veins 8 and 9 anastomosing to 
form the areole. Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 from angle of 
cell : 5 from below middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 from upper 
angle. 

2906. Dichromia orosia, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii, pi. 275 d ; C. fy S. 

no. 2844. ^ 

Head and thorax clothed with grey black-mottled scales ; abdo- 
men orange. Fore wing grey, irrorated with black-brown ; a large 
subtriangular black patch with pale edges occupying the medial 




EICHEOMIA. 73 

area, but not reaching the inner margin, its outer edge 

slightly angled at veins 5 
and 2 ; the apical area suf- 
fused with fuscous black. 
Hind wing orange ; the apical 
area black. Underside of 
fore wing fuscous. 

Larva pale green ; the head 
and somites with series of 
small black tubercles. 
Hab. China ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Eocp. 

36 millim. 

! 2907. Dichromia trigonalis, Gum. Belt, et Pyr. p. 19; C. fy S. 

__ no.2847. 

: Dichromia sextalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 15. 

Dichromia arnica, Butl. III. Het. ii, p. 55, pi. 38, fig-. 3. 

Bomolocha opulenta, Christ. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross, xii, p. 258, pi. vii, 
fig. 29. 

Differs from orosia in being rather darker and browner. Pore 
wing with the subtriangular mark almost reaching the inner 
margin ; traces of a fuscous submarginal band, crossed by a faint 
curved streak from the apex. Underside of fore wing with a white 
subapical speck. 

Hab. Astrabad ; Japan ; China ; Formosa ; throughout the 
Himalayas ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

2908. Dichromia triplicalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 16 ; C. $ S. no. 2848. 

Differs from trigonalis in the head and thorax being black-brown. 
Fore wing black-brown, irrorated with grey, especially on basal area, 
which is defined by an obscure oblique line beyond the nearly 
straight and erect postmedial white line and on outer area ; no 
medial triangular patch. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

2909. Dichromia quadralis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 14 ; C. $ S. no. 2846. 3 
Dichromia mollis, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 481. 

Differs from triplicalis in the basal area of the fore wing being 
grey, with a fawn-coloured fascia on inner margin, to the post- 
medial line, which is less regular ; a pale band beyond the line 
joined by a curved streak from the apex, with irregular inner edge 
and some dark marks below the streak on the edge of the pale 
band. 

Hab. Dalhousie; Dharmsala; Sikhim; Khasis; Rangoon. Exp. 
34-42 millim. 

2910. Dichromia pullata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 221, pi. 176, fig. 4 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2845. / 

Differs from quadralis in the basal patch and fascia of the fore 



74 noctuidje. 

wing being darker ; a white speck in the cell ; the postmedial line 
straighter, with the band beyond it whiter ; some white marginal 
specks. Hind wing white, with the apical black area very large, 
and broad as far as vein 2 ; the costal and inner areas blackish. 
Hob. W. and S. India ; Ceylon. Exp. 34 millim. 

Genus RHYNCHINA. 
Rhynchina, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 20 (1854). 

Type, R. pionealis, Guen. 

Range. Palsearctic and Oriental regions ; W. Africa ; Australia. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint very long and fringed with long hair on 
upperside, the 3rd obliquely upturned and scaled to half its 
length; a sharp frontal tuft; metathorax with a slight tuft; 
abdomen without tufts ; tibiae not hairy. Fore wing long and 
narrow ; the apex acute, the outer margin oblique ; no raised tufts 
in cell. Hind wing with vein 5 from above lower angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male minutely serrate and fasciculate, 
with long cilia. 

A. Palpi long, fringed ivith shortish hair above ; fore wing with outer 

margin obliquely curved. 

2911. Rhynchina abducalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 66 ; C. $ S. no. 2861. 
Hypena tmdulalis, Wlk, Cat. xxxiv, p. 1138: C. $ S. no. 2921. 
Hypena curviferalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1510. 

Hypena columbaris, Bull. III. Met. ii, p. 55, pi. 38, fig. 7. 
Hypena vigens, Butl. III. Het. h, p. 55, pi. 38, fig. 4. 
Hypena incurvata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 189 ; C. fy S. no. 2883. 
Hypena angustalis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 317 ; C.&S. no. 2862 A. 
Hypena curvilinea, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 98, pi. 148, fig. 18. 

Pale reddish brown or grey. Pore wing with a curved dark and 
pale line from apex to below angle of cell, and thence to base, and 
with two or three less distinct dark lines outside it ; the area above 
it suffused with brown, the veins paler ; dark specks at middle and 
end of cell ; a dark marginal line. 

In abducalis and curviferalis the curved line is almost straight 
from vein 4 to 1 ; in the former the dark suffusion above it is very 
prominent, and with a pale and dark line on its upper edge, the 
veins more prominently pale. In curvilinea from the JNTilgiris the 
ground-colour is greyish white ; the markings of fore wing very 
prominent, and the line evenly curved. 

Hob. Japan ; China ; Chusan Isl. ; throughout India ; Anda- 
mans ; Java. Exp. 36-38 millim. 

B. Palpi shorter, fringed with long hair above ; fore wing with the 

outer margin straight and less oblique. 

2912. Rhynchina striga, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 109, fig. 29; C. $ S. 

no. 2960. 
Hormisa morosa, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 446. 

Bright brownish ochreous ; the male darker than the female. 



RHYNCHINA. 75 

Fore wing with an oblique white line from apex to below angle o£ 
cell, where it joins a whitish or pale fuscous fascia on inner margin ; 
traces of a dark submarginal line. Hind wing yellowish brown. 

The form morosa from Japan is darker. 

Hob. Japan; Simla; Dharmsala; North Chin Hills. Exp. 
2S millim. 

2913. Rhynchina pervulgaris, Swmh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 471, pi. 28, 

fig. 5 ; C. $ S. no. 2858. 
Rhynchina xylina, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 452 ; CfyS. no. 2860. 

Dull reddish brown. Fore wing with waved antemedial line on 
an indistinct grey band ; a similar postmedial line Highly excurved 
round the greyish reniform ; an indistinct waved submarginal line. 
Hind wing pale fuscous. 

The form pervulgaris has the base of fore wing and inner border 
of postmedial line pale, whilst xylina is more uniform brown. 

Hah. Bombay; Poona ; Mhow ; Thvetmyo, Burma. Exp. 
16-18 millim. 

C. Palpi very long and fringed iviih long hair above. Fore wing 
narrow ; the apex very acute, and outer margin more oblique. 

2914. Rhynchina pionealis, Gum. Belt, et Pyr. p. 21; C. fy S. 

no. 2859. 
Hormisa cramhoides, Butt, III. Plet. iii, p. 62, pi. 56, fig. 6. /2- , 
Rhynchina angustata, Butt. 111. Het. vii, p. 84, pi. 133, fig. 15. 
Rhynchina uniformis, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 84, pi. 133, fig. 13. 
Rhynchina rivuligera, Butl. III. Het vii, p. 84, pi. 133, fig. 14. 

Greyish ochreous brown. Fore 
wing with an oblique white line 
from apex to below angle of cell ; 
an obscure dark submarginal line. 
Hind wing fuscous brown. 

The form rivuligera has the 

oblique line bent below angle of 

,. Fl S- 41 - cell, and then running to the base 

Rhyfichznapioneahs, rf. h ^ chestimt on ea( ? h side of it; 

uniformis has the markings almost obsolete. 

Hah. Japan ; Dharmsala ; Nilgiris. Exp. 38 millim. 

D. Fore wing with the apex less acute ; the outer margin more curved 

and less oblique ; a tooth of scales at outer angle. 

2915. Rhynchina angulata, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) i, p. 88 ; C.fy S. 

no. 2334. 
Rhynchina angulifascia, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 188 ; C.$S. no. 2857. 
Rhynchina cserulescens, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 83, pi. 133, fig. 12. ' 
Rhynchina plusioides, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 82, pi. 133, fig. 9. 
Rhynchina sagittata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 83, pi. 133, figs. 10, 11. 

The typical form differs from pionealis in the fore wing being 
dark grey, with chestnut below apex and in the angle of the white 
line which runs to the base and is prominent and double below the 




76 noctuid^e. 

angle of cell, where there is a white spot ; the submarginal line 
pale, with some dark streaks between it and the oblique line. 

In the form angulifascia the colour of the male is ochreous, with 
the oblique line chestnut and bent down to middle of inner margin 
instead of running to the base ; the female is uniform fulvous, with 
white speck at angle of cell, the line single, bent, and running to 
the base. In plusioides there is an indistinct angled antemedial 
line ; obscure orbicular and reniform spots ; the postmedial line 
angled below costa, curved beyond cell, then double and running to 
middle of inner margin ; an obscure apical streak with dark sagittate 
marks below it ; an indistinct dentate submarginal line ; colour 
dark vinous brown, the area beyond the oblique line tinged with 
fulvous. In a Nilgiri form the oblique line is almost straight from 
the angle below costa. In sagittata the colour is duller and more 
uniform brown, with the line more uniformly excurved round cell ; 
the palpi often somewhat shorter. 

Hab. N.W.Himalayas; Nilgiris. Exp. 30-35 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male bipectinated ; palpi and shape as 
in pionealis. 

2916. Rhynchina sigillata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 75, pi. 181, fig. 11. 

Differs from the form plusioides of angulata in having the 
ground-colour blackish fuscous ; the reniform grey or olive ; a black 
streak above outer angle. 

Hab. Bharmsala ; Dalhousie. Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus HYPENA. 

Hypena, Schrank, Fauna Boica, ii, 2, p. 163 (1802). 
Ophiuche, Hilbn. Verz. p. 344 (? 1818). 
Bomolocha, Hilbn. Verz. p. 343. 
Naarda, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1694 (1866). 
Mathura, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 188 (1882). 
Harita, Moore, Lep. A tk. p. 187. 
Apanda, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 186. 
Ptyophora, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 123 (1893). 

Type, H. rostralis, Linn., from Europe. 

Bange. Universally distributed. 

Antenna) minutely ciliated in male ; an acute frontal tuft ; 
thorax smoothly scaled ; abdomen with dorsal tufts ; mid and hind 
tibiae but slightly hairy. Eore wing with the apex acute and 
depressed. 

Sect. I. {Hypena). Palpi extremely long and porrect, the 2nd 
and 3rd joints fringed on both sides with long hair ; abdominal 
tufts on first two segments. 

A. Fore wing long and narroiu ; the raised tufts well developed. 

2917. Hypena longipennis, Wlh. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1139 ; C. $ S. no. 2893. 
J . Dark fuscous. Eore wing irrorated with black ; the costal 



HYPENA. 77 

area greyish, most prominently so at apex, where it has black 
suffusion below it ; the raised tufts black ; an indistinct sub- 
marginal series of specks. 

2 • Considerably paler and redder fuscous ; the raised tufts at 
middle of cell sometimes forming a large oblique streak. 
Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

2918. Hypena elongalis, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii, pars 2, p. 221 ; C. fy S. 

no. 2875. 
Hypena radicalis, Swinh. P. Z. S* 1889, p. 416. 

Differs from longipennis in the fore wing being less produced at 
apex, and consequently shorter and the outer margin less oblique. 
Hab. Nilgiri plateau ; Travancore. Exp. 32-44 millim. 

B. Fore wing much broader ; the outer margin less oblique ; 
the raised tufts slight. 

2919. Hypena proboscidalis, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, 2, p. 881 ; Halm. 

Samml. Eur. Schmett., Pyr. pi. ii, fig. 7 ; C.fy S. no. 2908. J* . / 
Phalaena ensalis, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii, pars 2, p. 221. 
Hypena indicalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 31 ; C. fy S. no. 2884. 
Hypena cervinalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 83 ; C. fy S. no. 2866. 
Hypena ochreipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 188 ; C. fy S. no. 2904. 
-Hypena externa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 190; C. fy S. no. 2877 (nee 

Wlk.). 
^ Hypena tatorhina, Butl. III. Het. iii, p. 59, pi. 55, fig. 13 ; C. fy S. 

no. 2916. 

Greyish red-brown ; the palpi somewhat shorter than in longi- 
pennis. Fore wing with numerous indistinct dark striae and 
specks ; the raised tufts slight, the one in the cell surrounding a 




Fig. 42. — Hypena proboscidalis, <$. y. 

white speck; an indistinct ferruginous antemedial line; a promi- 
nent postmedial oblique line; an indistinct sinuous submarginal 
dark line. Hind wing fuscous. Underside of fore wing with 
white subapical speck ; hind wing pale, with dark striae. 

The form ochreipennis has a yellowish tinge, and the fore wing 
is more prominently striated. 

Hab. Europe; Japan; Kulu; Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

2920. Hypena tenuipalpis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 93, pi. 147, fig. 11. 

Very pale brown. Fore wing irrorated with black scales ; a 
black speck at base ; a dark spot on discocellulars ; traces of a sub- 



78 noctuid^e. 

marginal series of specks and a marginal series. Hind wing pale 
fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 30 millim. 

2921. Hypena acutalis, n. sp. 

3 . Tore wing with the outer margin slightly excised below 
apex and excurved at middle. Eeddish fuscous ; the fore wing 
with a purplish gloss and irrorated with black ; a black speck in 
cell and spot at end of it, each with a dark striga from the costa 
above it ; a marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Nagas (Doherty). Exp. 34 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2922. Hypena duplicilinea, n. sp. 

2 • Head and thorax chestnut ; abdomen brown. Eore wing 
chestnut, irrorated with purplish white ; an oblique antemedial 
darker line excurved below the cell ; a double oblique medial line 
slightly angled at middle ; traces of a postmedial sinuous line, with 
a fuscous and grey maculate line beyond it. Hind wing pale 
brown. Underside of fore wing with subapical white speck. 

Hab. Sikhim (Lidderdale). Exp. 30 millim. Type in coll. 
Druce. 

2923. Hypena strigosa, Hmpsn. Ill Het. viii, p. 94, pi. 147, fig. 14. 
Hypena laxia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 483. 

Palpi as in proboscidalis. Dark red-brown; abdomen dark 
fuscous, with the tuft on 2nd segment red- brown and very large. 
Eore wing irrorated with dark specks, and sometimes with a greenish 
tinge ; an antemedial outwardly-oblique pale line from the costa 
to median nervure ; an indistinct pale streak in end of cell ; a 
rufous line with grey outer edge from the costa before apex to 
middle of inner margin ; a submarginal series of dark specks ; a 
curved apical whitish streak. Hind wing dark fuscous. Under- 
side of fore wing with the costal area pale, with dark specks and 
subapical black and white spot ; hind wing pale, irrorated with 
dark specks. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris. Exp. 34-38 millim. 

• 2924. Hypena daria, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 482, pi. 19. 
fig. 14. 

Differs from strigosa in the postmedial line of fore wing being 
incurved, and with a black mark on it above inner margin ; the 
apical pale streak with an indentation on its outer edge. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

2925. Hypena strigifascia, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 191; C. fy S. 
no. 2914. 

Differs from strigosa in the ground-colour being dark red-brown, 



HYPENA. 79 

slightly irrorated with purple. "Fore wing with the antemedial 
line dentate and angled above vein 1 ; the postmedial line slightly 
irregular and less oblique ; the apical pale mark in the form of a 
small patch. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

2926. Hypena labatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 66 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 176, fig. 6 ; C.8rS. no. 2887. /. 

Palpi very long; colour pale or dark greyish red-brown. Fore wing 
with a dark speck in cell and another at end of it ; a very indistinct 
postmedial line highly angled beyond the cell, where it is met by 
the long curved apical white streak, which has two dark spots in its 
bend. Underside of fore wing with the costa pale, speckled with 
fuscous, and with a subapical black and white spot; hind wing 
pale, with dark specks and cell-spot. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

2927. Hypena lignealis, Wlk. Cat. xxxW, p. 1138 ; Hmpsn. III. Het 

ix, pi. 166, fig. 5 ; C. $ S. no. 2892. 2_ 

Head and thorax red-brown ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing red- 
brown, the inner area suffused with blue-grey, which is narrowest 
at middle; some black spots in and below cell; an indistinct 
highly-angled postmedial line, with a black spot on it below cell ; 
the curved apical streak very long and prominent, with two black 
spots above it ; an indistinct submarginal series of black specks. 
Hind wing fuscous. Underside of fore wing with black and white 
subapical speck. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

2928. Hypena rhynchalis, Snell. Tijd. v. Enl. xxiii, p. 117. 

$ . Head, thorax, and fore wing dark fuscous, the last with 
traces of antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal rufous lines ; 
the tufts in and at end of cell dark; abdomen and hind wing 
paler fuscous. 

Hah. Khasis ; Celebes ; Australia. Exp. 26 millim. 

2929. Hypena masurialis, Guen Belt, et Pyr. p. 38 ; C.8rS. no. 2895' -2 • / t 
Hypena obliqualis, Koll. HugeVs Kaschmir, iv, p. 491 {nee Fab?:). 
Hypena obacerralis, Wlk. Cat. xvi,p. 53 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 175, fig. 5;C.Sf S. no. 2929. J 
Hypena ceerulealis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1142. 
Hypena ferriscitalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1142. 
Hypena invenustalis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soe. 1890, p. 260. 
Rhynchina eremialis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 417. 

Pale or dark greyish red-brown. Fore wing slightly irrorated 
with dark scales ; traces of an antemedial waved line ; a dark 
speck in the cell ; an oblique, slightly sinuous, ferruginous line 
from the costa before apex to middle of inner margin ; traces of 



80 noctuidjE. 

an oblique dark line from the apex, often with a more or less 
complete series of dark specks on it. Abdomen and hind wing 
fuscous. 

The form ferriscitalis from Australia is dark, whilst eremialis 
from Sind is much paler, with the markings of the fore wing 
almost obsolete. The variety ccerulealis from Sikhim, JSTagas, and 
Australia has the costal area of fore wing whitish. 

Hab. E. Africa ; Kashmir ; W. and S. India ; Ceylon ; Burma ; 
Australia. Exp. 24-30 millim. 

2930. Hypena mistacalis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 60; Moore, Lep. Ceyl, 

iii, pi. 175, fig. 6 ; C. # S. no. 2928. 2_ 
Hypena pactalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 64. 

Differs from masurialis in being pale ochreous brown. Fore 
wing with the indistinct antemedial line oblique ; the postmedial 
indistinct ; a prominent oblique white line from apex to inner 
margin beyond the middle, with a diffused dark inner edge. 

Hab. Calcutta; Mlgiris ; Ceylon; Mergui. Exp. 24-26 millim. 

2931. Hypena castaneipalpis, Swinh. MS. 

S . Palpi chestnut ; head, thorax, and fore wing violaceous grey, 
with darker irroration ; the last with postmedial line highly angled 
at vein 6 ; a submarginal series of black specks ; the outer area 
bright chestnut, except at apex; abdomen and hind wing dark 
fuscous. Underside pale. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 26 millim. 

2932. Hypena lividalis, Hubn. Samml. Eur. Schmett., Pyr. figs. 11, 186. 
Hypena abjuralis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 68. 

Hypena scissalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1133. 
Hypena perna, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 120, fig. 8. 

Differs from masurialis in the head, thorax, and basal area of 
fore wing being bright ferruginous ; the oblique line straight, with 
diffused white merging into fuscous beyond it. 

Hab. S. Europe ; Africa ; Aden ; throughout India and Burma. 
Exp. 24 millim. 

2933. Hypena conscitalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1509; C. § S. 

no. 2927. 

Differs from lividalis in the fore wing having a grey fascia on 
costal area ; a black speck at end of cell ; the oblique line further 
from the base, slightly curved, and with the grey line beyond it 
more prominent and curved. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Java ; S.E. Australia. Exp. 25 millim. 

2934. Hypena mimicalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 471, pi. 28, fig. 6 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2897. 
Perfectly uniform ochreous brown. 
Hab. Bombay; Poona ; Cutch. Exp. 30 millim. 



HYPENA. 81 

{ 2935. Hypena iconicalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 61 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 175, fig. 9 ; C.8f 8. no. 2881. J - " 
Hypena sulalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1140. 
Hypena subnotalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1140. 
Hypena similata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 192 ; C. 8f S. no. 2911. 

Eeddish grey-brown; the palpi black. Tore wing slightly 
irrorated with dark specks ; an indistinct sinuous antemedial line ; 
a black speck in cell ; a medial straight, almost erect, dark line 
with some bluish grey on the outer edge, and often with the area 
beyond it grey ; a more or less developed sinuous submarginal 
series of black and white specks. Hind wing fuscous. Underside 
with subapical black and white speck to fore wing, and indistinct 
cell-spot and postmedial line to hind wing. 

The males have the palpi shorter, more broadly scaled, and the 
frontal tuft very thick ; specimens from E. Pegu have the costa of 
fore wing whitish. 

Hah. Assam ; throughout Peninsular India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Java ; Sula ; Mysol. Exp. 30-32 millim. 

2936. Hypena rectivittalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 84 ; C. $ S. 

no. 2909. 
.-Hypena beatalis, Feld, Reis. Nov. pi. 120, fig. 19. 
' Hypena minna, Butl. III. Het. hi, p. 59, pi. 55, fig. 12. 

Hypena vecordialis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 472, pi. 28, fig. 10 ; 

C. fy S. no. 2922. 
Hypena speculalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 472, pi. 28, fig. 8 ; 
C. Sf S. no. 2912. 

Head, thorax, and fore wing pale ochreous brown, irrorated and 
striated with dark brown ; palpi black and grey. Pore wing with 
dark speck in cell ; a straight oblique postmedial brown band 
with black edges ; an indistinct submarginal series of dark specks. 
Abdomen and hind wing pale fuscous. 

The form speculalis has an oblique single line to fore wing 
instead of the band with a black spot beyond it on inner margin ; 
some specimens have the sinuous submarginal series of specks 
prominent. 

Sab. Africa ; Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Punjab ; Bombay ; 
Nilgiris. Exp. 30 millim. 

Sect. II. (Bomolocha). Palpi very much shorter and stouter ; the 
2nd joint porrect and clothed with long hair ; the 3rd upturned 
and hairy for two thirds its length, the apex naked. 

A. Fore iving long and narrow, with the raised specks prominent. 

2937. Hypena narratalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 57 ; C. $ & no. 2900. 
Hypena urticola, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 86, pi. 134, fig. 2. 

Differs from proboscidalis (p. 77) in being fuscous brown without 
the red tinge. Pore wing with the striae and raised specks more 
VOL. hi. g 



82 NocTurbJB. 

prominent ; the white speck and rufous ante- and postmedial lines 
absent. Hind wing and underside darker. 

The form urticola is pale, with large dark patches on middle of 
costa of fore wing and below apex. 

Eab. N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 44 millim. 

2938. Hypena divaricata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 189 ; C.fy S. no. 2873. 

S . Red-brown, irrorated with black. Fore wing with indistinct 
antemedial line, highly angled at median nervure and almost joined 
at inner margin by a very oblique line from the costa before apex ; 
the specks in and at end of cell black ; a pale apical streak and 
traces of a submarginal line. Abdomen and hind wing fuscous 
brown. 

Eab. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

B. Fore wing short and broad, with the raised specks absent or one 
minute one in cell ; abdominal tufts usually well developed. 

2939. Hypena albisigna, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 188 ; C. fy S. no. 2856. 

Dark brown. Tore wing with a somewhat indistinct waved 
antemedial line ; a white L-mark in the cell ; an erect, slightly 
sinuous dark postmedial line ; a submarginal sinuous series of 
indistinct dark specks ; a marginal dark line. Hind wing fuscous, 
with a marginal dark line ; the cilia darkest at middle ; underside 
of fore wing with postmedial line and subapical black and white 
speck ; hind wing with cell-spot and postmedial and submarginal 
lines. 

Mob. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

2940. Hypena umbripennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 192 : Waterh. Aid, 

ii. pi. 173, fig. 5. 

Differs from albisigna in being without the white L-mark on 
fore wing ; the postmedial line may be almost straight and has a 
pale outer edge, varying in being slightly inwardly to slightly out- 
wardly oblique ; three white specks may be present on costa 
towards apex. Underside with the subapical speck and markings 
of hind wing indistinct. 

The colour may be fuscous or dark reddish brown. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

2941. Hypena tenebralis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 83; C. $ S. 

no. 2917. 

Very dark red-brown. Eore wing slightly irrorated with grey ; 
faint traces of antemedial and postmedial lines, the latter incurved 
below the cell and nearly meeting the antemedial line at inner 
margin; a dark streak on discocellulars : a submarginal series of 
black and white specks from the costa to vein 4, from which there 
is an indistinct curved line to inner margin ; an obscure apical 



HYPENA. 83 

grey streak. Underside of fore wing with subapical black and 
white speck ; hind wing with cell-spot and postmedial line. 

Some specimens have the area beyond the postmedial line of 
fore wing paler. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

2942. Hypena dentilineata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 187, pi. 6, fig. 24 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 2854. 

Grey- brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with ante- and 
postmedial waved erect lines, the latter slightly bent out round 
cell and with the area beyond it rather paler; indistinct dark 
spots in and at end of cell ; a submarginal series of white lunules ; 
some subapical black streaks. Hind wing paler ; both wings with 
marginal series of dark lunules. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

2943. Hypena rhombalis, Guen. Delt.et Pyr. p. 33 ; C. $ S. no. 2910. 2^ 
Hypena telamonalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 231. 

Hypena basistrigalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 84 ; C. $ S. no. 2863. 
Hypena veronica, Butl. III. Met. vii, p. 85, pi. 133, fig. 17. 

S . Very dark red-brown. Fore wing with a large fuscous 
semicircular patch on the costa before apex, irrorated with a few 
bluish-white scales ; an oblique line from outer margin below apex 
to inner margin beyond middle, the area beyond it fuscous, irro- 
rated with bluish-white scales ; a fuscous fascia on inner margin. 
Abdomen and hind wing dark fuscous. Underside of hind wing 
with cell-spot and indistinct postmedial line. 

$. Redder; fore wing with the costal patch and inner and 
outer marginal areas ochreous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Borneo. Exp. 36 millim. 

2944. Hypena obductalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 56; C. 8? S. no. 2901. 
Hypena flexuosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 190 ; C. 8f S. no. 2878. 

Dark fuscous brown. Fore wing with an antemedial whitish 
line angled at median nervure, then bent outwards and joining a 
postmedial line angled at vein 5 and in in terno- median interspace, 
the area.beyond it and the inner area slightly paler or suffused 
with white ; a dark speck at middle and another at end of cell ; a 
submarginal series of dark specks; a dark blotch often present 
below the obscure apical streak. Hind wing fuscous brown ; 
underside with indistinct cell-spot and postmedial line. 

The area between the ante- and postmedial lines may be rich 
dark brown. In flexuosa the colour of the fore wing is almost 
uniform. 

Hab. Simla ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

2945. Hypena eductalis, n. sp. 

<5 . Differs from obductalis in the inn^r basal area of fore wing 
being dark ; the postmedial line very oblique below costa, with a 

g2 



84 noctuidjE. 

large rounded sinus beyond the cell meeting the dark patch below 
the apical streak. 

Hab. Sikhiin (Gammie). Exp. 36 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2946. Hypena colombana, Moore, Lep. Ceyl iii, p. 223, pi. 176, fig. 8; 

C. # S. no. 2869. -£. 
Hypena biangulata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 223, pi. 176, fig. 9 ; 
C. 8f S. no. 2864. 

cJ • Head and thorax dark purplish brown. Fore wing dark 
purplish grey ; a highly angled antemedial line irregular between 
the costa and angle ; a postmedial line with an angle beyond cell 
and another on vein 2 ; a curved apical streak, with two black 
spots above it and some dark suffusion below it. Hind wing dark 
fuscous. Underside with black and white subapical speck. 

2 • Paler and redder, with the postmedial line nearly straight. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Andamans. Exp. 38 millim. 

2947. Hypena vestita, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 221, pi. 176, fig. 10 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 2923. 

Differs from obductalis in being rufous. Fore wing with the 
patch between the ante- and postmedial lines rich chocolate ; the 
postmedial line produced to a quadrate sinus between veins 3 and 
4 ; the dark blotch below the apical streak chocolate ; no whitish 
suffusion. Hind wing reddish fuscous. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 36 millim. 

2948. Hypena cyanea, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 121, pi. 166, fig. 20. 

Differs from vestita in being darker red-brown. Eore wing with 
the ante- and postmedial lines rufous edged with bluish white ; the 
outer area largely suffused with bluish white. Hind wing dark 
fuscous. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 36 millim. 

2949. Hypena lacessalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 59 ; C. $ S. no. 2889. J 

Dark rich red-brown. Pore wing slightly irrorated with bluish- 
white scales ; an antemedial bluish-white line with three angles in 
it ; a postmedial line angled outwards at vein 5 ; an indistinct 
submarginal dark line, with a series of bluish lunulate spots beyond 
it and marginal series of specks. Hind wing dark fuscous. 
Underside of fore wing with subapical white speck ; hind wing 
with cell-spot and postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 

2950. Hypena lativitta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 190 ; C. $ S. no. 2891. 

Dark red-brown. Fore wing with antemedial bluish-white line 
with three angles in it ; a medial sinuous line, the area beyond it 
greyish brown with an indistinct dentate submarginal line, and 
apical streak with dark brown on its lower side. Hind wing dark 



HYPENA. 85 



b > 



fuscous. Underside with subapical white speck to fore wing 
hiud wing with cell-spot and postmedial line. 
Hah. Sikhhn. Exp. 38 millim. 

^2951. Hypena ophiusoides. Moore, Lep. Aik. p. 189; Waterh. Aid, ii, 
pi. 173, fig. 6; C.$S. no. 2905. 

Differs from lativitta in the fore wing having the antemedial 
line obsolete ; white specks ou costa towards apex ; no dark mark 
below the apical streak, which is very obscure ; the submarginal 
line sinuous and very indistinct ; a series of minute marginal pale 
specks. 

Some specimens have the basal area of fore wing not darker than 
the outer area, or the dark colour may be reduced to spots in the 
sinuations of the medial line ; dark streaks in the interspaces are 
often present between the medial and submarginal lines. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

2952. Hypena divisalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 84 ; C. # S. no. 2874. 

2 . Head and thorax rufous brown. Pore wing dark rufous 
brown as far as the postmedial line ; the outer area grey-brown ; 
an indistinct curved antemedial line, with a ferrugiuous patch 
beyond it on inner margin ; the postmedial line slightly angled at 
vein 4, then inwardly oblique. Abdomen and hind wing pale or 
dark fuscous. Underside with the subapical speck of fore wing 
and cell-spot and postmedial line of hind wing indistinct. 

Some specimens are much darker than others. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 30-34 millim. 

2953. Hypena castanealis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 84 ; C. 8c S. 

no. 2865. 

S . Differs from divisalis in being brighter in colour. Pore 
wing with the antemedial line waved and sharply angled inwards 
below median nervure ; an indistinct dark line inside the post- 
medial line and two beyond it. Hind wing with the costal and 
outer areas paler. Underside with the costa of fore wing, aDd 
the hind wing, pale with a reddish tiuge. 

2 with the head, thorax, and fore wing more ferruginous in. 
tone. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

2954. Hypena griseapex, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 94, pi. 147, 

fig. 7. /2. . 

Hypena albifusa, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 97, pi. 148, fig. 9. 

Head and thorax greyish brown ; abdomen fuscous. Pore wing 
with an indistinct oblique antemedial line ; the basal area dark as 
far as the straight, nearly erect medial line, beyond which the area 
is grey, shading into red-brown towards margin ; a broad diffused 
grey curved apical streak. Hind wing dark fuscous. Underside 



86 ITOCTUID^E. 

of fore wing with some grey apical suffusion; hind wing with 
slight mark on discocellulars. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 38 millim. 

2955. Hypena griseivitta, Hmpsn. Ill Het. viii, p. 96, pi. 148, fig. 8. £ 

Differs from griseapex in the medial line of fore wing being erect 
and minutely waved. 

Hab. Simla ; Nilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

2956. Hypena ahyssinialis, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 39. 
Hypena jussalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 52. J 

Hypena laceratalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 60 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 176, figs. 5, 5 a ; C. # S. no. 2888. / 
Hypena ignotalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 60; C. # 8. no. 2882. / 
Hypena dispunctalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1 144. 
Hypena squamea, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 94, pi. 147, fig. 22. 

Fore wing somewhat narrower, the outer margin more obliquely 
rounded. Grey-brown. Pore wing with antemedial oblique 
ferruginous line ; dark specks at centre and end of cell ; a sinuous 
erect ferruginous postmedial line ; a prominent curved apical streak 
with two black specks on its upper edge ; three white specks on 
the costa towards apex. Abdomen and hind wing dark fuscous. 

The colour of the fore wing may be almost uniform with dark 
striae and the markings indistinct ; or the basal, inner, and lower 
half of outer areas may be violaceous grey or slightly suffused 
with that colour, and with a patch of it on the costa beyond the 
postmedial line. 

Hob. Aden ; throughout Africa, India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Australia. Exp. 32 millim. 

2957. Hypena extensa, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1139 ; C. fy S. no. 2876. 

Differs from abyssinialis in the head, thorax, and fore wing- 
being bright red-brown ; the apical streak pale rufous. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

2958. Hypena varialis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1136 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

ix, pi. 166, fig. 13. 

Differs from abyssinialis in the ground-colour being redder 
brown. Eore wing with a prominent ochreous streak from the 
base below median nervure and pale speck at end of cell; the 
waved postmedial line inwardly oblique. 

Hab. Natal; Madagascar; Mlgiris; Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

2959. Hypena nilgirica, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 95, pi. 148, fig. 1. 

Differs from abyssinialis in the fore wing being broader and with 
a waved submarginal line. Underside with the costa of fore wing 
and the whole hind wing ochreous white irrorated with brown ; 
a prominent subapical speck. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 34 millim. 



HYPENA. 87 

2960. Hypena molpusalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 844 : C.&S. no. 2899 ; 

Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, pi. 166, fig. 12. 
Hypena subapicalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1137. 
Hypena sparsalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1511. 

Differs from abyssinialis in the postmedial line of fore wing 
being more oblique at costa ; the apical curved streak absent; an 
indistinct submarginal crennlate pale line, with two dark dashes on 
it below apex and one above outer angle. 

Hab. Calcutta ; Bombay ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

2961. Hypena modesta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 191 ; C.fyS. no. 2898. 

Head and thorax grey-brown ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing 
grey-brown, with a reddish tinge as far as the postmedial line, 
which is straight, oblique, and rufous with pale outer edge ; traces 
of a waved antemedial line ; a diffused waved submarginal band 
arising from an obscure grey apical curved streak, with a black 
speck on its upperside ; white specks on costa towards apex 
sometimes present. Hind wing and underside pale fuscous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Andamans. Exp. 30-36 
millim. 

2962. Hypena olivacea, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 97, pi. 148, fig. 19. 

Differs from modesta in being darker ; the fore wing olive- 
brown suffused with grey ; the lines more distinct ; a faint waved 
line beyond the postmedial line ; the submarginal line slightly 
angled at middle ; no apical streak or black speck. Underside of 
fore wing with subapical white speck ; hind wing with cell-spot 
and postmedial line. 

Hab. Mlgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

2963. Hypena uniformis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 96, pi. 148, fig. 7. 

Greyish fuscous, sometimes with slight purplish or rufous tinge. 
Fore wing with indistinct obliquely-waved antemedial line and 
speck in cell ; an almost erect and straight postmedial line with 
pale outer edge; traces of a waved submarginal line with dark 
specks on it. Hind wing dark fuscous. Underside in some speci- 
mens with subapical white speck. 

The Khasi form is prominently irrorated with grey ; the post- 
medial pale-edged line prominent, sometimes with two black spots 
on its inner edge. Some Nilgiri specimens have an indistinct 
apical streak to fore wing. 

Hab. China ; Dalhousie ; Khasis ; Nilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

2964. Hypena obstupidalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 471, pi. 28, 

fig. 7 ; C. 8f S. no. 2902. 
Hypena tristis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 96, pi. 148, fig. 14. 

Differs from olivacea in being paler and more fuscous ; fore wing 
with the postmedial line more erect and slightly excurved round 
the cell. 



00 NOCTTTIDjE. 

In the form tristis the markings of the fore wing are dark and 
obscure ; the ground-colour darker. 

Hab. Khandala ; Bombay ; Nilgiris. Exp. 30-36 millim. 

2965. Hypena obfuscalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 120, pi. 166, 

figs. 18, 19. 

Differs from obstupiddlis in being dark reddish brown. Pore 
wing with the anteinedial line rufous and more distinct ; the post- 
medial line not curved but very slightly sinuous and outwardly 
oblique ; the submargiual line more dentate. Underside without 
postmedial line to hind wing. 

One specimen has diffused white beyond the postmedial line. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

2966. Hypena mediana, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 189 ; C.$S. no. 2896. 

Dark fuscous. Tore wing with the basal half blackish as far as 
the medial line, which is erect and angled outwards above vein 1 
and beyond cell ; a very indistinct sinuous submarginal series of 
grey specks ; an oblique dentate apical streak ; the outer area 
slightly darker than the postmedial. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Parisnath Hill, Bengal. Exp. 30 millim. 

2967. Hypena mandatalis, Wlh. Cat. xvi, p. 58 : Hmpsn. III. Het. ix 

pi. 166, tig. 11 ; C. 8f S. no. 2894. 

Differs from obstupiddlis in being more rufous brown. Pore 
wing with the basal half sometimes very dark brown ; the ante- 
and postmedial lines with some leaden scales on their edges, the 
latter angled beyond cell and on vein 2 ; a black dot below the upper 
angle ; the marginal sinuous series of specks indistinct ; a dark 
blotch below apex usually present. Underside uniform. 

Hab. Bombay; Ceylon; Rangoon. Exp. 30 millim. 

| 2968. Hypena cognata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 224, pi. 175, fig. 8 ; 
C. $ S. no. 2868. 

Differs from mandatalis in the palpi being more slender ; the 
postmedial line of the fore wing more oblique with the two angles 
slighter ; a pale curved apical streak with two dark specks above 
it and dark suffusion below it. 

Hab. Sibsagar ; Calcutta. Exp. 30 millim. 

2969. Hypena quaesitalis, Wlh. Cat. xvi, p. 58; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 
pi. 166, fig. 4 ; C. 8r S. no. 2906. 

Differs from mandatalis in being much more ferruginous. Pore 
wing with the antemedial line whiter, oblique, and ending below 
vein 2, where it nearly joins the postmedial line, which is straight 
and erect from the costa to vein 2, where it is incurved, its outer 
edge with diffused bluish white on it ; some grey suffusion at apex, 
and two small subapical white dentate marks. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 



HYPENA. 89 

2970. Hypena nigrescens, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 350; C. fy S. 
no. 2126. 
Hypena herbigrada, Sioinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 416. 

Reddish fuscous brown. Fore wing with traces of an ante- 
medial curved line ; a speck in cell and another at end of it ; a 
postmedial waved line from costa before apex, incurved below 
end of cell and reaching middle of inner margin. Hind wing 
dark fuscous. 

One specimen is very pale with the area between the ante- and 
postmedial lines of fore wing suffused with black ; another has the 
fore wing pale as far as the antemedial line, and another has a 
black patch on the antemedial line below cell ; others have ferru- 
ginous patches on the postmedial line, and traces of waved sub- 
marginal line and marginal series of specks. 

Hah. Bombay ; Mahableshwar. Exp. 28 millim. 

r 2971 . Hypena indicatalis, Wlk. Cat xvi, p. 61. 

Hypena laesalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 62 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 175, fig. 10 ; C. 8f 8. no. 2890. _ 
Hypena semiclusalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1511. 
Hypena velatipennis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xvi, 1875, p. 410. 
Hypena tortuosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 188 ; C. fy S. no. 2918. 
Hypena cidarioides, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 189 ; C. fy S. no. 2867. 
Hypena persimilis, Hmpsn. III. Set. viii, p. 94, pi. 147, fig. 13. 
Hypena argialis, Snellen, Tijd. v. Ent. xxiii, p. 118. 

Differs from cognata in having the basal half of the fore wing 
dark purplish brown ; a small white lunule at end of cell ; the 
postmedial line incurved from the upper of its two angles to the 
inner margin ; three sinuous lines on the outer area ; a dark lower 
edge to the curved streak. 

A form from the Khasis has the basal area of fore wing rufous ; 
the outer area w 7 ith dark striae ; one sinuous line, and the apical 
streak obscure. 

Hah. Natal ; Japan ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Borneo ; Java ; Celebes. Exp. 30 millim. 

2972. Hypena assimilis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 93, pi. 147, fig. 6. 

Differs from indicatalis in having the basal aiea of fore wing 
pale as far as the antemedial line which is oblique, thus leaving 
a dark triangular patch between the ante- and postmedial lines ; a 
large patch of dark suffusion below the apical streak. 

Hah. Nilgiris. Exp. 28 millim. 

2973. Hypena jocosalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 57 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. 166, fig. 6; C. $ S. no. 2886. 

Differs from assimilis in the postmedial line of fore wing being 
bent inwards towards the base from vein 2 to inner margin, as 
also are the two indistinct lines beyond it. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 



90 



NOCTUIM!. 



2974. Hypena minor, Hmpsn. Ill Het. viii, p. 95, pi. 148, fig. 22. 

Differs from cognata in being much more uniform dark fuscous 
brown. Fore wing with an indistinct oblique antemedial line ; 
the postmedial line erect and minutely waved ; the outer area 
dark. Hind wing dark fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 26 millim. 

2975. Hypena griseipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 190; C. fy S. 

no. 2880. 

Differs from minor in the fore wing being rufous brown as far 
as the postmedial liue, which is bent inwards towards costa instead 
of erect. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 22 millim. 

2976. Hypena thermesialis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1515 ; Hmpsn. Ill 

Het. ix. pi. 166, fig. 14. 
Hypena rectifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 96, pi. 148, fig. 2. 

Differs from cognata in the fore wing being suffused with 
purplish ; the medial line quite straight and slightly oblique. 
Hind wing dark fuscous. "Underside without subapical speck. 

Some specimens are redder than others. 

Hab. China; N.W. Himalayas; Bombay; Mlgiris; Ceylon; 
Java. Exp. 30 millim. 

2977. Hypena occata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 191 : C. $ S. no. 2903. 
Hypena crassipalpis, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 85, pi. 183, fig. 16. 

Differs from indicatalis in the fore wing being slightly suffused 
with bluish grey ; the postmedial line with bright blue-grey suf- 
fusion beyond it; the apical streak bluish grey, with the black 
marks below it usually promiuent. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 28- 
32 millim. 

2978. Hypena biplagiata, Butl. III. Het. yii, p. 86, pi. 134, fig. 1. 
Athyrma aurotincta, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 105, pi. 163, fig. 10. 

Head and thorax pale red-brown ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing 
pale red-brown, with a large deep cupreous chocolate patch from 
costa near base to apex, extending down to vein 1 aud broken into 
two, of which the inner part has white edges, by a postmedial 
oblique waved band of the ground-colour; a marginal series of 
black specks. Hind wing and underside fuscous. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Rangoon ;. Calcutta ; Ceylon. 
Exp. 36 millim. 

C. Fore iving with the outer margin excised below apex and 
excurved at middle. 

2979. Hypena triangularis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 191; C. fy S. 

no. 2919. «J 
Hypena absimilis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 191 ; C. fy S. no. 2862. 



HTPENA. 91 

G-rey-brown. Tore wing with indistinct obliquely-waved ante- 
medial line almost joined at inner margin by a similar nrwardly- 
oblique postraedial line ; the tufts in and at end of cell black ; the 
apical streak indistinct, with a rufous patch above it and rufous 
lower edge ; traces of a submarginal line and marginal series of 
specks. 

Triangularis has a large dark triangular patch on costa of fore 
wing between the ante- and postmedial lines, whilst absimilis is 
uniformly irrorated with black. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

D. Fore wing with the outer margin slightly angled at middle. 

2980. Hypena glaucescens, n. sp. 

2 . Reddish grey. Fore wing with indistinct erect antemedial 
line ; a prominent straight erect rufous and pale postmedial line ; 
a submarginal sinuous series of dark specks. Hind wing pale, 
slightly suffused with fuscous ; an obscure oblique medial fuscous 
line angled near anal angle. 

Sab. Sikhim (Moller). Exp. 34 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2981. Hypena rufirena, n. sp. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale fuscous ; palpi rufous and 
rather short and slender. Fore wing reddish ochreous irrorated 
with dark brown ; traces of a waved antemedial line ; a rufous 
speck in the cell ; the reniform rufous with pale edge ; a waved 
postmedial brown line with pale edge, very much excurved round 
end of cell ; an irregularly waved pale submarginal line ; a mar- 
ginal series of specks. Hind wing pale fuscous, darker towards 
outer margin. 

Hab. Sikhim (Dudgeon). Exp. 26 millim. Type in B. M. 

E. Fore wing with the outer angle strongly hooked. 

2982. Hypena hamata, n. sp. 

S . Head, thorax, and fore wing ferruginous brown : the last 
irrorated with pale blue scales ; traces of an antemedial line joined 
at inner margin by an obliquely curved postmedial line ; a dark 
speck in cell. Abdomen and hind wing fuscous. 

Hab. JNagas (Doherty). Exp. 34 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

2983. Hypena uncipennis, Stvinh. MS. 

$ . Head, thorax, and fore wings reddish brown, thickly 
irrorated with ferruginous ; the last with a slight speck in cell : 
traces of an oblique medial line with dark patch beyond it on 
vein 2 ; two dark subapical specks and an oblique diffused fuscous 
submarginal band from apex to outer angle ; abdomen and hind 
wing dark fuscous. Underside of fore wing with subapical black 



92 



NOCTULD^E. 



and white speck ; hind wing striated with fuscous and with a cell- 
speck. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 34 millim. 



Sect. III. (Harita). Palpi with the 3rd joint longer than the 2nd, 
obliquely porrect and thickly clothed with scales ; antennae of 
male serrate and fasciculate. 

2984. Hypena rectilinea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 187, pi. 6, fig. 23 ; 

C. fy S. no. 2855. 
Hypena ferrealis, Hmpsn. III. Ilet. ix, p. 119, pi. 166, fig. 10. 

Differs from iconicalis (p. 81) in having white specks on the 
costa of fore wing towards apex. 

Hab. Khasis ; JNilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

Sect. IV. Palpi short and porrect, the 2nd joint thickened by 
being clothed with very long hair on upperside so as almost 
to hide the 3rd joint. 

A. (Naarda). Antennae of male with long cilia. 

2985. Hypena ineffectalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi,p. 85; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. 166, fig. 25 ; C.8f S. no. 2885. 
Oerynea laufellalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 878. 
Naarda bisignata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. J 695. 
Hypena notata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 97, pi. 148, fig. 23. 

Fuscous black. Pore wdug with traces of sinuous antemedial, 
medial, and postmedial dark lines ; an ochreous spot in cell and 
band on discocellulars. Hind wing with traces of ante- and post- 
medial lines. 

Hab. Bombay ; Nilgiris ; Travancore ; Ceylon ; Borneo ; Sula. 
Exp. 16 millim. 

2986. Hypena glauculalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 117, pi. 166, 

fig. 15. 

<$ . Differs from ineffectalis in the ochreous spot at end of cell 
of fore wing being small ; the postmedial line farther from the 
cell. Hind wing without the ante- and postmedial lines. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

B. Antennae of male serrate on inner side, pectinate on outer. 

2987. Hypena symethusalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 234. 

Differs from ineffectalis in its larger size and the antennas of 
male. 

Hab. Simla; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; E.Pegu. Exp. 20 millim. 



HYPENA. BRITHA. 93 



C. (Ptyophora). Antennae of male serrate and fasciculate ; fore wing 
ivith a costal fold and an erectile tuft of long hair at base. 

2988. Hypena ochreistigma, Hmpsn. III. Set. ix, p. 124, pi. 167, 
fig. 25. 

J . Differs from ineffectalis in the structural characters only. 
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 



Genus STENHYPENA, nov. 

Type, S. adustalis, Hmpsn. 

Range. Ceylon. 

Differs from Hypena in the fore wing being narrow and of 
almost even width throughout, the outer margin nearly erect ; 
the areole very small, vein 10 given off far beyond it ; raised 
specks in and at end of cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 
stalked. Palpi with the 2nd joint of moderate length and fringed 
with hair above, the 3rd upturned and hairy, with the apex 
naked. 

2989. Stenhypena adustalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 120, pi. 166, 

fig. 7. 

Head, thorax, and fore 
wing ochreous brown, suf- 
fused and irrorated with 
fuscous, the last with a 
slight dark mark on dis- 
coceliulars ; traces of a 
curved and waved post- 
Fig. &.— Stenhypena adustalis, tf . \. medial line; a submar- 
ginal sinuous series of white specks ; a marginal series of black 
specks. Hind wing and abdomen pale fuscous. 
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus BRITHA. 

Britha, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1146 (1865). 
Hyposemeia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 121 (1893). 

Type, B. biguttata, Wlk. 

Range. N. China; Ceylon; Java; Australia; New Britain. 

Palpi long and obliquely porrect, the 2nd and 3rd joints fringed 
with very long hair above ; antennae bipectinate in male, with long 
spines from end of branches ; abdomen with dorsal tufts on the 
first two segments. Pore wing of male with a large smooth patch 
occupying the inner area on underside, with a tuft of long hairs on 
vein 1. Hind wing with the costa much arched and a large smooth 
patch on upperside ; veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 stalked ; 5 from near 
lower angle of cell. 




94 



NOCTUIDJE. 



2990. Eritha biguttata, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1147. 2* 

Herminia incertalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1518 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 
ix, pi. 166, fig. 21. 

Head and thorax clothed with grey and red-brown scales ; 
abdomen fuscous. Fore wing clothed with grey and red-brown 
scales ; an oblique antemedial rufous line angled below costa : a 
similar sinuous indistinct medial line ; a prominent postmedial line 




Fig. 44:.—Britha biguttata, $ . \. 

with pale outer edge ; a straight oblique rufous and pale line from 
apex ; the outer margin rufous ; fine marginal and cilial pale lines. 
Hind wing fuscous, the medial outer area grey and brown, 
crossed by a short rufous and pale line ; fine marginal and cilial 
lines. 

Hah. N. China; Ceylon; Java; Australia; New Britain. Eoep. 
30 millim. 

Genus ORTHOZONA, nov. 

Type, 0. quadrilineata, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Nagas. 

2 • Palpi with the 2nd joint porrect, of moderate length, and 
fringed with hair above, the 3rd upturned and naked ; a short 
sharp frontal tuft ; antennae minutely ciliated ; thorax and abdo- 
men smoothly scaled ; tibiae not hairy. Fore wing with the apex 
nearly rectangular ; vein 3 from before angle of cell. Hind wing 
with veins 4 and 5 from angle of cell ; 3 from before the angle. 

2991. Orthozona quadrilineata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 193; C. Sf S. 



no. 2968. 




Fig. 45. — Orthozona quadrilineata 



2 . Head, thorax, and ab- 
domen fuscous brown. Fore 
wing pale reddish grey- 
brown, with indistinct 
waved ante- and postmedial 
rufous lines ; a rufous speck 
in cell ; an indistinct reni- 
forra stigma ; prominent 
oblique medial and sub- 
pale fuscous, with indistinct 



marginal rufous lines. Hind wing 

antemedial line and prominent submarginal rufous line from below 

costa to near anal angle. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nagas. Exp. 40 millim. 



cnusATtis. 95 



Genus CHUSARIS. 



Chusaris, Wflc. Cat. xvi, p. 215 (1858). 
Luceria, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 853 (1859). 

Type, C. retalalis, Wlk. 

Range. W. Africa ; Assam ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Andainans ; 
Borneo. 

Palpi long and porrect, the 2nd joint fringed with scales above ; 
the 3rd slender and naked ; thorax smooth ; abdomen with a tuft 
on basal segment ; legs slender and naked. Fore wing loug and 
narrow ; the apex depressed and acute ; slight raised tufts at 
middle and end of cell. Pore wing with veins 6 and 7 from 
angle of cell ; 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 
stalked, 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked. 

Sect. I. Antenna of male annulated and with fascicles of cilia. 

2992. Chusaris eurrhipoides, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 98, pi. 148 

fig. 16. 

S • Dark brown. Fore wing with a black speck at base ; a 
pale waved antemedial line ; a similar postmedial line very highly 
excurved round a black spot beyond end of cell and conjoined to 
an oblique white band from apex; a pale sinuous submarginal 
line ; some white specks on costa towards apex and a marginal 
series of specks. Abdomen and hind wing fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Eocp. 18 millim. 

Sect. II. {Luceria). Antennae of male minutely ciliated. 
A. Palpi long. 

2993. Chusaris novatusalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 854 ; C. $ S. no. 2937. 

Bright ochreous. Fore wing with a black speck at base ; an 
indistinct highly angulated antemedial line ; a black ring-spot at 
end of cell ; an indistinct oblique line from costa before apex to 




\\\ 



Fig. 46. — Chusaris novatusalis, J. j. 

middle of inner margin ; traces of a sinuous submarginal line ; a 
marginal series of black specks. Hind wing ochreous brown, with 
traces of an oblique medial line. 
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 



yb noctctdjE. 

2994. Chusaris opiliusalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 854. 
Rhynchina pallida, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 92, pi. 147, fig. 5. 

S • Differs from novatusalis in being ochreous white ; the ring- 
spot more diffused ; the oblique line double, with pale middle ; the 
outer area suffused with brown. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Borneo. Exp. 22 millira. 

2995. Chusaris minoralis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv,p. 1164; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

ix, pi. 167, fig. 17 ; C. $ S. no. 2931. 

2 . Differs from opiliusalis in the indistinct antemedial line of 
fore wing being more erect ; the dark spot being in the cell 
instead of beyond it ; the postmedial line angled below the costa 
instead of oblique from near the apex ; an oblique submarginal line 
from apex with a series of white specks on it. Hind wing with 
more distinct medial line ; the outer area speckled with fuscous. 
Underside of both wings more variegated with red-brown. 
Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 

2996. Chusaris omariusalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 871 ; Moore, Lep. 

Ceyl. iii, pi. 177, fig. 7 ; C. 8f S. no. 2932. 

2 . Reddish ochreous. Fore wing with indistinct subbasal, 
pale oblique antemedial, sinuous postmedial, and waved submar- 
ginal lines ; an indistinct reniform spot ; a crenulate dark marginal 
line. Hind wing with pale sinuous ante- and postmedial and 
waved submarginal lines ; a marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 

B. Palpi shorter. 

2997. Chusaris renalis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 242, pi. 177, fig. 3 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2933. 

S • Very pale reddish brown. Fore wing with traces of sub- 
basal, antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal waved lines ; an 
antemedial brown spot on costa ; an elongate spot at end of cell, 
with speck on costa above it ; a quadrate postmedial spot on 
costa ; the apical portion of outer area chestnut ; a marginal series 
of black specks. Hind wing pink, with marginal series of black 
specks and striga at anal angle. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

2998. Chusaris ideoides, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 93, pi. 147, fig. 12. 

Pale ochreous ; head and thorax slightly irrorated with red scales, 
the abdomen irrorated with black and with slight black segmental 
bauds towards extremity. Fore wing irrorated with brown and fus- 
cous scales ; indistinct subbasal, antemedial, and postmedial w T aved 
lines, the last angled below costa, and each arising from a black 
speck on costa : an oblique reddish-brown marginal band, with a 
dark line inside it from vein 5 to inner margin ; a marginal series 



CHUSARIS. 97 

of black specks. Hind wing with an indistinct antemedial line ; a 
dark speck at end of cell ; a dark postmedial Hue, with diffused 
red-brown lines on each side of it ; a marginal series of black 



Hah. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 18 milliin. 

Sect. III. Antennae of male with long bristles and cilia. 

2999. Chusaris figurata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 239; C § S. 

no. 3041. 
Helia tessellata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 136, pi. 168, fig. 18. 

$ . Yellowish white ; palpi and collar marked with black ; 
abdomen irrorated with fuscous. Eore wing with a black patch on 
base of costa ; an antemedial black band, expanding into blotches 
at costa and middle ; a postmedial band expanding into a large 
blotch at end of cell, with a white lunule on the discocellulars, and 
some ochreous beyond it on inner margin ; a fuscous mark and 
black spot on costa before apex ; outer margin with a series of 
triangular black spots and some ochreous at middle and outer 
angle. Hind wing pale fuscous ; the inner area pale ; traces of 
medial and marginal lines. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

3000. Chusaris paucimaculata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 136, pi. 168, 

fig. 16. 

cJ . Differs from figurata in being browner ; a black spot at 
base of abdomen. Pore wing with the antemedial line reduced to 
a black spot on costa and to traces towards inner margin ; a black 
speck in cell ; the postmedial line reduced to a spot on the costa 
and two at end of cell, and to traces towards inner margin ; a 
marginal series of black specks. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

Sect. IV. {Chusaris). Antennae of male bipectinated. 

3001. Chusaris retatalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 215; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, 

pi. 167, fig. 5 ; C.8f S. no. 2936. _ 
Bleptina spurcatalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1163. 

Brownish grey. Fore wing with some brown on costa at base ; 
ill-defined double brown antemedial and medial lines ; a brown spot 
at end of cell and another on costa before apex ; indistinct waved 
postmedial and submarginal lines, a marginal series of dark specks. 
Hind wing fuscous. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

Sect. V. Antennae of male with long cilia ; the palpi shorter. 

3002. Chusaris oculalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 614 ; C. $ 8. 

no. 3027. 

Differs from opiliusalis in the palpi being marked with black ; the 

YOL. III. H 



98 NOCTTJID^. 

ring-mark on fore wing better defined. Hind wing almost white, 
without trace of a line. 

Hab. Accra, W.Africa; Assam; Andamans. Exp. 14 millim. 

3003. Chusaris puncticilia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 101, pi. 148, 
fig. 17. 

Bright ochreous ; abdomen fuscous, with ochreous anal tufts. 
Fore wing with black speck at base ; a few dark scales representing 
the antemedial line ; a black speck at end of cell ; traces of an 
oblique postmedial band ; a series of black marginal specks. Hind 
wing with indistinct cell-spot; the outer area suffused with 
fuscous. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 16 millim. 



Genus HYPENODES. 
Hypenodes, Guen. Belt, et Pyr. p. 41 (1854). 

Type, H. albistrigalis, Haw., from Europe. 

Range. Europe ; Ceylon ; Hawaii. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint long and fringed with long hair above ; 
the 3rd short, naked, and oblique ; the frontal tuft short ; antennae 
ringed and minutely ciliated in male ; thorax smoothly scaled ; 
abdomen with a basal dorsal tuft; tibise almost naked. Fore 
wing long and narrow ; veins 6 and 7 from near end of cell ; 8 and 
10 stalked ; 9 absent. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 stalked ; 
5 from middle of discocellulars. 

3004. Hypenodes croceipicta, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 121, pi. 166, 
fig. 23. J 
Head brownish ochreous ; thorax purplish grey ; abdomen pale. 
Eore wing dark purplish, irrorated with grey ; an oblique orange 

striga from costa near base ; a 
dentate orange antemedial line 
most prominent at middle, where 
it has a black streak and spot on 
its outer edge ; a black streak at 
end of cell, with an orange striga 
from the costa above it ; an 
Fig. 47.— Hypenodes croceipicta, tf . \. oblique orange line from below 

apex to middle of inner margin, 
with some diffused grey beyond it; some white specks on costa 
towards apex ; an indistinct submarginal white line ; a marginal 
series of black specks. Hind wing whitish, with dark lunule at 
end of cell ; the outer area slightly suffused with fuscous. 
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 





AUKADE. 99 



Genus ARRADE. 

Arrade, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 82 (1863). 
Lophocraspedon, Hmpsn. III. Met. ix, p. 135 (1893). 

Type, A. erebusalis, "Wlk. 

Range. Egypt ; Bombay ; Ceylon. 

Paipi obliquely porrect, of moderate length ; the 2nd joint hairy ; 
a sharp frontal tuft ; antennse minutely ciliated in male ; thorax 
and abdomen smoothly scaled ; the abdomen long ; legs naked. 
Fore wing long and narrow; the apex acute; the outer margin 
nearly straight ; a large tuft of scales on inner margin beyond 
middle ; veins 6, 7 from angle of cell ; 8, 9, 10 stalked from 
before the end, or 10 absent. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked 
or from cell ; 6, 7 stalked ; 5 from middle of discocellulars. 

3005. Arrade erebusalis, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 82 ; Hmpsn. III. Set. ix, 

pi. 163, fig. 21 (Gyrtona hylusalis) ; C. Sf S. no. 4527. 

Reddish browu. Pore wing 
with oblique medial line ; a post- 
medial line highly angled beyond 
cell ; a sinuous submarginal line ; 
the three lines with slight tufts 
of raised scales on them ; a 

_. <0 , , * /• * i marginal dark line. Hind wing 

Fig. 48. — Arrade erebusalis, d . h -> 

6 paler. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

3006. Arrade massalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 866, pi. 57, fig. 10 ; 

C. § S. no. 4528. 

3 . Differs from erebusalis in the fore wing being irrorated with 
black ; an ochreous subbasal spot below cell ; a curved antemedial 
line edged with white ; the reniform small and ochreous with black 
outline ; the postmedial line edged with white ; a black sub- 
marginal spot and series of black marginal specks. Hind wing 
fuscous. 

Hab. Bombay. Exp. 22 millim. 

3007. Arrade cristata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 135, pi. 168, fig. 4. 

tf . Fulvous yellow ; head roughly scaled ; abdomen tinged with 
fuscous ; fore tarsi extremely slender. Fore wing with indistinct 
w r aved subbasal and antemedial lines ; a white speck at end of cell ; 
a postmedial line highly excurved round cell ; a submarginal 
dentate line with black patches beyond it at middle and outer 
angle ; the tufts on inner margin black ; some white specks on 
costa towards apex. Hind wing pale fuscous. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 

h2 



100 tfOCTUID^. 

Genus HYPENAGONIA. 

Hypenagonia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 122 (1893), 

Tvpe, H. vexataria, Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi of moderate length, the 2nd joint fringed with scales 
above, the 3rd minute ; the frontal tuft short ; antennae annulate ; 
thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled ; tibiae not hairy. Fore wing 
long and narrow ; the outer margin angled at middle ; veins 7, 8, 

9 stalked. Hind wing with the outer margin highly angled at 
middle and excised towards anal angle ; veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 stalked ; 
5 from near lower angle of cell. 

3008. Hypenagonia vexataria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 767. 

Hvpenaaronia nigrifascia, Hmpsn. III. Met. ix, p. 122, pi. 166 ? 
'fig. 24. 

Brownish ochreous; abdomen suffused dorsally with black at 

middle, and brownish towards extremity. Pore wing with some 

black specks on costa ; traces of 

antemedial and medial reddish 

lines ; a black speck at lower end 

of cell ; a sinuous postmedial 

pale line angled below costa and 

excurved round cell ; traces of a 

submarginal line ; a subapical 

. £• ' . „ , fuscous spot ; a series of fuscous 

Hypenaqoiua rcxatana, c\ . \. • i i tt* j -^ 

i/I ,v marginal specks. Hmd wing with 

medial black baud not reaching costa ; some diffused fuscous on 

outer area ; a marginal series of fuscous specks. Underside 

irrorated with black ; fore wing with black spots in and at end of 

cell ; hind wing with cell-spot ; a broken fuscous medial band to 

both wings. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 22 millim. 

Genus MOSCHA. 

Moscha, Wlk, Cat. xxxiv, p. 1199 (1865). 
Hypertrocta, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 131 (1893). 

Type, M. posticalis, "Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; China : Ceylon ; Burma. 

Palpi short, the 2nd joint obliquely porrect and thickly clothed 
with scales, the 3rd short ; antennae ciliated in male ; thorax and 
abdomen smoothly scaled. Pore wing long and narrow, the costa 
with slight tufts of scales and projections at the lines ; the apex 
rounded ; the outer margin angled at vein 4, then oblique to outer 
angle ; vein 6 from below angle of cell ; 7 from the angle ; 8, 9, 

10 stalked. Hind wing with the outer margin excised between 
anal angle and vein 4, and produced to points at veins 3 and 4 ; 
veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 from lower angle of cell. 





MOSCHA. — GONIOCEASPEDUM. 101 

3009. Moscha posticalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1200; C. $ S.no. 2749. 
Hvpertrocta inarmorata, Hmpsn. III. Met. ix, p. 131, pi. 167, 

"fig. 22. 

d . Grey-brown. Fore wing with five indistinct waved lines ; 

a costal triangular patch be- 
tween the medial and submar- 
ginal lines, defined below by 
dark streaks ; a subapical tri- 
angular white mark with speck 
below it. Hind wing with in- 
distinct ante- and postmedial 
Fig. 50.— Moscha posticalis, $. §. lines; the inner area beyond the 

antemedial line suffused with, 
chestnut ; the postmedial line with white specks on it. Under- 
side of both wings irrorated with black, and with black antemedial 
line. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 16 millim. 

3010. Moscha exigualis, Stvinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 253, pi. 7, 

fig. 8. 

3 . Differs from posticalis in being purplish red-brown. Fore 
wing with the postmedial line white and highly angled beyond the 
cell, the area between it and the antemedial line below the cell 
suffused with white ; the dark streaks on the outer edge of the 
costal patch more prominent, with an ochreous line outside them 
and no white specks below them ; the submarginal line with some 
white specks. Hind wing with the basal area suffused with white 
and the medial line white. 

Hab. Eangoon. Exp. 16 millim. 

Genus G0NI0CRASPEDU1L 

Goniocraspedon, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 125 (1893). 

Type, G. mistura, Swinh. 

Range. Sikhim ; Poona ; Ceylon. 

Palpi short and obliquely porrect ; the 2nd joint thickly fringed 
with hair ; a short frontal tuft ; antennas with very long bristles 
and cilia in male, shorter in female ; thorax and abdomen smoothly 
scaled ; tibiae nearly naked. Fore wing with the costa angled 
before middle ; the apex acute : the outer margin angled at middle ; 
veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 
from above lower angle of cell. 

3011. Goniocraspedum mistura, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 151 ; 
Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, pi. 168, fig. 20. 

Grey-brown. Fore wing with indistinct waved antemedial, 
media], postmedial, and submarginal lines ; the ante- and post- 
medial lines with white marks on them at costa ; a dark marginal 



102 



^octuid^:. 



line. Hind wing whitish, suffused with brown ; waved anternedial, 
medial, and postmedial lines ; a marginal dark line. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Poona ; Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 




Fig. 51. — Goniocraspedum mistnra, $ . 



Genus MECISTOPTERA. 

Mecistoptera, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 134 (1893). 

Type, M. griseifusa, Hmpsn. 

Range. Eastern Himalayas ; Manipur ; Poona ; Ceylon. 

Palpi long, obliquely porrect, the 2nd joint thickly clothed with 
scales, the 3rd long and slender ; a short frontal tuft ; antenna? 
with long cilia in male, short in female : thorax and abdomen 
smoothly scaled ; tibiae nearly naked. Fore wing long and narrow ; 
the apex produced and acute ; the outer margin oblique and 
excurved at middle ; veins 8 and 9 anastomosing to form an 
areole. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from cell ; 5 from below 
the middle of discocellulars ; the outer margin truncate from vein 
4 to anal angle. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the outer margin angled at vein 4 
and non-crenulate. 

3012. Mecistoptera griseifusa, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 134, pi. 168, 

fig. 14. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen 
fuscous brown. Fore wing 
with the basal half vinous 
brown, running out to an 
angle at lower end of cell and 
defined by a white line ; a 
white lunule on discocellu- 
lars ; the outer area purplish 
grey, irrorated with brown, 
and with brown patches below apex and above outer angle ; the 
cilia brown. Hind wing dark fuscous. 
Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 

3013. Mecistoptera duplicilinea, n. sp. 

S . Eeddish brown. Fore wing with an indistinct dark ante- 
medial line ; a white spot in cell and speck at end of it ; a double 
oblique postmedial straight line filled in with purple and with 




Fig. 52. — Mecistoptera griseifusa, 5 • 



MECISTOPTERA. — RHJESEtfA. 103 

traces of a dentate line beyond it. Hind wing paler, with dark 
speck at end of cell ; indistinct postmedial line and marginal dark 
line. 

Hab. Manipur (DoJierty) . Exp. 26 millim. Type in coll. El wes. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with the outer margin angled at vein 3 
and crenulate. 

3014. Mecistoptera velifera, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 473, pi. 28, 

fig. 17 ; C.$ 8. no. 2962. 

2 • Head and collar ochreous ; thorax and abdomen grey-brown. 
Fore wing ochreous brown suffused with fuscous, especially on 
inner area ; a pale spot at end of cell ; a lunulate marginal brown 
band with ochreous spot inside it above outer angle. Hind wing 
pale fuscous. 

Hab. Bhutan; Poona. Exp. 26 millim. 

Sect. III. Fore wing with the outer margin slightly 
angled at middle. 

3015. Mecistoptera variegata, n. sp. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing brown, 
variegated with rufous, purple, and ochreous shades ; a dark streak 
on median nervure ; a white speck in cell and black speck at end 
of it ; traces of an antemedial line with two angles in the cell ; a 
postmedial line angled beyond the cell and with purplish suffusion 
beyond it ; an indistinct submarginal sinuous maculate line ; the 
veins beyond the cell dark-streaked ; a marginal dark line. Hind 
wing pale with marginal dark line ; underside with indistinct cell- 
spot and postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikhim {Knyvett). Exp. 32 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

Genus RHJESENA. 
Rhgesena, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1973 (1866). 

Type, It. transcissa, Wlk. 

Range. S. Africa ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Borneo ; Australia. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint thickly scaled, the 3rd of moderate 
length ; antennae with long bristles and fasciculated cilia in male ; 
abdomen long, with dorsal tuft on 1st segment ; the tibiae slightly 
clothed with scales. Pore wing long and narrow ; the costa 
arched towards apex, which is acute ; the areole short, with vein 7 
given off beyond it ; males with a vesicle at upper angle of cell on 
underside covered by a valve of scales. Hind wing with vein 5 
from below middle of discocellulars. 

3016. Rhaesena transcissa, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1974. 

Rhaesena obliquifasciata, Moore, Lep. Aik. p. 183; C. 8? S. 

no. 2728. 

Head and collar fiery red ; thorax purplish grey ; abdomen 



104 noctuid^;. 

brown, red towards extremity. Tore wing fulvous, suffused with 

purplish ; a waved ante- 
medial line ; an oblique 
medial line, the area 
beyond it paler ; an irre- 
gularly sinuous submar- 
ginal line, sometimes 
almost straight, the 
medial outer area bright 
fulvous ; some white 
Fig. 53.— Bhssma transcissa, tf . \. specks on costa towards 

apex. Hindwingfuscous. 
Hob. Dharmsala ; Bombay ; Calcutta ; Ceylon ; Bangoon ; 

Borneo ; Australia. Exp. 28 millim. 




Species formerly recorded as Indian which are omitted. 

Acontia luctuosa, Schiff:., C. & S. no. 1839, is from Europe and 
Tarkand. 

Apamea selecta, "Wlk., C. & S. no. 2060. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Anthophila zamia, Swinh., C. & S. no. 1889, is a Pyrale. 

Anarta ladakensis, Feld., C. & S. no. 1964, is probably a Pyrale 
allied to Pyrausta. 

Acontia costistigma, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1831. Type lost; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Agrotis aquilina, Schiff., C. & S. no. 1980, is from Yarkand. 

Agrotis tibetana, Moore, C. & S. no. 2002, is from Thibet. 

Agrotis punctipes, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1997. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Agrotis congrua, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1985. Type lost; description 
not recognizable. 

Acronycta JcargaliJca, Moore, C. & S. no. 1770, is from Tarkand. 

Anereuihina divisa, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2651. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Anthophila plana, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1888, is a Pyrale. 

Bankia argentula, Hiibn., C. & S. no. 1854, is not Indian. 

Bertula contingens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2978. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Bertula thyrisalis, Wlk. Cat. xvi, p. 167 (nee xix, p. 886), C. & S. 
no. 2983, is a Pyrale from Australia. 

Bertula imparatalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2980. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 
Crambopsis excludens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1720. Type lost ; de- 
scription not recognizable. 
Catocala pudica, Moore, C. & S. no. 2281, is a small form of 

C. prolifica, Vol. II. p. 441. 
Caradrina derogata, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2110. Type lost; de- 
scription not recognizable. 
Callopistria exotica, Guen., C. & S. no. 2219, is from Java. 



noctuid^;. 105 

Bipiktera deceptura, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1759. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Discordia evulsa, Swinh., C. & S. no. 1719, is a Pyrale. 

Eurois inclusa, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1927. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Eurois repugnans, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1929. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Eurois crassipennis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1926, is a Pyrale of the 
genus Locastra. 

Eutelia siccifolia, Moore, C. & S. no. 2206=-Eysodia viridatrioc, 
Vol. I. p. 369. 

Entomogramma postistrigaria, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2549. Type 
lost ; description not recognizable. 

Euclidia tarsalis, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 2689. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Gadera incitans, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 1223, is from the W. Indies. 

Gadirtha rectifera, Wlk., C. & IS. no. 2404. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Gyrtona muscosa, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2377. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Gesonia secundalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2828. Type lost; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Hydroecia lampadifera, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2132. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Heliothis temperata, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1739. Type lost; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Hydrcecia naxiaoides, Moore, C. & S. no. 2133. Type lost; 
description not recognizable. 

Hydroecia tibetana, Moore, C. & S. no. 2134, is from Tarkand. 

Helioihis hyblceoides, Moore, C. & S. no. 1732, is from Tarkand. 

Heliothis dipsacea, Linn., C. & S. no. 1731, is from Europe and 
Yarkand. 

Hadena stoliczkana, Moore, 0. & S. no. 1944, is from Yarkand. 

Homoptera intenta, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2462, is from N. America. 

Herminia diffusalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2952. Type lost; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Herminia timonalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2961. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Herminia limbosalis, Guen., C. & S. no. 2955. Probably not 
Indian. 

Hypenodes altivolans, Butl. 111. Het. vii, p. 16. Not the Hawaian 
species ; too worn to identify. 

Homoptera costifera, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2460. Type lost; 
description not recognizable. 

Homoptera procumbens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2464. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Homoptera retrahens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2465. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Hypena detersalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2872. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 



106 KOCTUIMI. 

Hypena surreptalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2915. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Hypena gemina, Fabr., C. & S. no. 2879. Description not recog- 
nizable. 

Imma rugosalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2940, is a Tinea. 

Lithophane deflexa, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2330. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Litliophane inchoans, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2331. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Lamida moncusalis. Wlk., C. & S. no. 2942, is a Pyrale. 

Laphygma obstans, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2123. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Lapliygma trajiciens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2124. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Melipotis (Thria) inepta, Butl. —flexuosa^ Men., C. & S. no. 2450, 
is from Afghanistan. 

Miera balux, Swinh., C. & S. no. 1899, is a Pyrale. 

Micra furia, Swinh., C. & S. no. 1901, is a Pyrale. 

Macna pomalis, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 2829, is a Pyrale. 

Masca abactalis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2838, is from Singapore and 
Java. 

Mamestra canescens, Moore, C. & S. no. 2070, is from Yarkand. 

Maradana rivulata, Moore, C. & S. no. 1910, is a Pyrale. 

Nyctipao conturbans, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2538, is from Madagascar. 

Noctua flava, Fabr., C. & S. no. 1805 (part.). Description not 
recognizable. 

Neuria discrepans, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2142. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Ortospana connectens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2574. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Opliisma circumferens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2613. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Opliisma siamica, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2620, is from Siam. 

Opliisma amabilis, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 2612. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Osica undulaia, Moore, C. & S. no. 1650 = Toxoides longipennis, 
Hmpsn. Vol. I. p. 185. 

Oxicesta marmorea, Moore, C. & S. no. 1214, is from Tarkand. 

Poapliila marginata, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2308, is a Pyrale. 

Pliyllodes verhuellii, Voll., C. & S. no. 2491, is from Siam. 

Poapliila fuscipalpis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2306. Type lost; 
description not recognizable. 

Proneca fola, Swinh., Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 194, pi. vi, fig. 8, 
unrecognizable; the type has the head of a male Nolid 
(Rhynchopalpus) put on to the thorax and wings of a 
female Deltoid or Sarrothripid and the abdomen of some 
other species, 

Platyja lobifera, Moore, C. & S. no. 2759, is from Siam. 

Polydesma erubescens, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 2447. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 



EPICOPITDJE. 107 

Phalcena margaritata, Drury, C. & S. no. 1903 (nee Tima mar- 
garita, Hiibn., a Cyrnatophorid) = Tarache monolifera, Wlk., 
from Natal, not from New York. 

Plusia dispellens, Wlk., C. & 8. no. 2160. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Plusiodonta compressipalpis, Guen., C. & S. no. 2183, is from 
N. America. 

Prodenia apertura, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2118. Type lost; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Bemigia caliginosa, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2699. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Busina docilis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2039, is a Notodont from Simla, 
genus Bamesa. 

Sarbanissa insocia, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1971. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 

Spcelotis Indiana, Guen., C. & S. no. 2006 ; not identified. 

Sarunga calida, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2835. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. . 

Targalla resoluta, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2196. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Targalla solida, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2197. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Thalpocfiaresjlavida, Moore, C. & S. no. 1892, is a Pyrale. 

Tamiocampa chiklika, Moore, C. & S. no. 1921, is from Yarkand. 

Toxocampa quinquelinea, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2300. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Toxocampa sexlinea, Wlk., 0. & S. no. 2301. Type lost; 
description not recognizable. 

Thermesia decisa, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 92. Type lost ; 
description not recognizable. 

Ujia disjungens, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2830, is from Singapore. 

Vamia incerta, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2213 = Tamraca torridalis, 
Led., is a Pyrale. 

Xanthodes duplicata, Wlk., C. & S. no. 1804, is from Siam. 

Zethes soluta, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2719. Type lost ; description 
not recognizable. 

Zinna nigripalpis, Wlk., C. & S. no. 2834. Type lost ; descrip- 
tion not recognizable. 



Family EPICOPIID^. 

Large moths that " mimic " the Papilios of the pJiiloxenus 
group. Proboscis present ; palpi minute and porrect ; antennae 
bipectinated in both sexes. Mid tibiae with one pair of long spurs; 
hind tibiae with two pairs. Frenulum rudimentary. Pore wing 
with vein 1 b forked at the base, 1 c absent ; a rudimentary forked 
veinlet in the cell, which is short ; vein 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 7 separate from 8, 9. Hind wing with one internal vein ; 
a rudimentary veinlet in cell ; vein 8 free from the base. 



108 epicopiid^;. 

Larva covered with long processes of white efflorence exuded 
from the skin, and said to " mimic " a colony of the larvae of an 
Homopterous insect {Dudgeon). 



(£ 



' -■ — ^ _ :■ " ■ .''. / , i v t / / i ^ — v. 






Fig. 54. — Larva of Ejpicopia polydora. f . 

Genus EPICOPIA. 
Epicopeia, Westw. Arc. Ent. i, p. 17 (1845). 

Type, 2?. polydora, Westw. 

Range. The Himalayas and Assam. 

Antennae with the branches short, and in the female dilated at 
extremities. Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing 
with the apex much excised ; the outer margin more or less tailed or 
lobed ; vein 5 from middle of discocellulars • 6 and 7 much curved. 

3017. Epicopia polydora, Westw. Arc. Ent. i, p. 19, pi. 5, fig. 1 ; 

C. $ S. no. 358. 
Epicopeia philoxenoea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 799; C. $ S. 

no. 357. 
V Epicopeia diphilfea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 800 ; C. 8f S. no. 352. 
Epicopeia excisa, Butl. III. Bet. v, p. 46, pi. 88, fig. 5; C. fy S. 

no. 353. 
Epicopeia caudata, Butl. 111. Het. v, p. 47, pi. 88, fig. 8 ; C. fy S. 

no. 351. 
Epicopeia lidderdali, Butl. III. Het. v, p. 47, pi. 88, tig. 6; C.&S. 

no. 354. 
Epicopeia maculata, Butl. III. Het. v, p. 47, pi. 88, fig. 7 ; C. fy S. 

no. 355. 

3 . Head and collar crimson ; thorax and abdomen black above, 
crimson below ; the abdomen with lateral black spots and ventral 
bands. Eore wing fuscous ; the veins, margins, and streaks between 
the nervules black. Hind wing black shot with blue; two or 
three white spots beyond the cell, which may be either small and 
rounded, or long streaks, or an incipient angulated band ; along 
the margin of the tail are some crimson spots, which may be almost 
entirely obsolete or may consist of a streak at anal angle and four 
marginal ring-spots, the upper portion of which may be white. 
Underside ; fore wing with a crimson spot on the costa, near end 



EPICOPIA. 



109 



of cell, sometimes showing on the upperside, sometimes forming an 
almost complete band across the wing ; hind wing with a pink spot 
on the costa, sometimes forming a complete band by being con- 
nected with the white spots beyond the cell and the pink streak at 
anal angle; the marginal spots more or less completers on upperside. 
2 with the fore wing broader ; the hind wing scarcely or not 
at all shot with blue ; the crimson spot on the costa of each wing 
below sometimes absent. 

In the forms metadata, Udderdali, and diphilcea the hind wing 
is quadrate and not produced into a tail at veins 6 and 7, the 
white spots on the hind wing being small in the 1st, large in 
the 2nd, and long streaks in the 3rd. In caudata the hind 
wing is produced into a tail at veins 6 and 7, and in all the 
above forms the crimson spots along outer margin are small. In 




Fig. 55. — Epicopia polydora, <$ . §. 

the forms pluloxencea, polydora, and excisa the hind wing is pro- 
duced into a tail and the crimson spots form four ring-spots, those 
towards anal angle being sometimes the largest, sometimes the 
smallest ; in the 1st the excisions between anal angle and tail are 
slight, more developed in the 2nd, and four in number and deep 
in the 3rd, but all the forms grade into each other. 

Larva covered with scales of white waxy efflorescence excreted 
from the cuticle and often one inch in length ; when full fed it 
descends from its food-plant by a silken thread and spins a slight 
cocoon. 

Hob. Mussooree ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp., <J 
112-120, 2 H4 millim. 

3018. Epicopia philenora, Westw. Arc Ent. i, p. 19, pi. 5, fi>. 2 : 
C. 8r S. no. 356. 
Epicopeia varumea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 799 ; C. $ S. no. 359. 

Differs from polydora in the hind wing being without the while 
band and spots on upper and under sides ; the crimson spots 



110 



URANIID^!. 



smaller ; a crimson spot at anal angle and two on outer margin 
are sometimes present. Underside with the crimson spots on 
costa of fore and hind wing and at anal angle generally present, 
and sometimes spots on outer margin of hind wing are present. 

In the form philenora the hind wing is quadrate ; in varuncea it 
is produced. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Assam. Exp., tf 116, $ 134 millim. 



Family URANIIME. 

A family of large or moderate-sized moths of diurnal or semi- 
diurnal habits. Proboscis present ; palpi rather slender. Frenulum 
absent. Fore wing with vein 1 b forked at base ; 1 c absent or 
minute ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked, or 7 from 
cell ; 8 and 9 given off before end of cell. Hind wing with vein 
1 c and usually 1 a absent ; 5 from middle of discocellulars, 8 free 
from the base and with a prseeostal spur. 

Larva with 5 pairs of prolegs ; the head small ; the somites 
tuberculated. 

Pupa with an external sheath for the proboscis extending beyond 
the wing-cases ; an acute deflexed terminal spine. 




Fig. 56. — Larva of Nyctalemon patroclus. 
(From Kuhn, ' Iris,' 1887, pi. 6, fig. 9.) 



Key to the Genera. 

. Hind wing with the discocellulars almost 
straight and erect. 

a. Hind wing with two tails ; fore wing with [p. 111. 

veins 10 and 11 absent 1. Nyctalemon, 

b. Hind wing with a short tail or angle at 

vein 4, the margin rarely rounded. 
a'. Fore wing with no areole. 



[p. 112. 
Urapteroides, 



The cell of both wings very short ; 

veins 3, 4 of both wings stalked . . 
The cell of normal length ; veins 3, 4 

of both wings from angles of cell. 
i 3 . Antennae of both sexes slender and 

ciliated 3. Strophidia, p. 113. 



iNTCTALEMOtf. Ill 

b 3 . Antennae of both sexes thickened 
and flattened. 
« 4 . Hind wing with the tail angled ; 

veins 2 and 3 of fore wing from [p. 116. 

a point in male 5. Pseud omicroni^, 

6 4 . Hind wing with short pointed 
tail ; male with veins 2 and 3 
of fore wing stalked, 6, 7 from 

angle of cell 6. Micronia, p. 117. 

c 4 . Hind wing with the margin 
angled or rounded ; male with 
the costa of hind wing lobed 
at base ; veins 2 and 3 of fore 
wing stalked, 4 remote from 5, 

and the discocellulars distorted. 4. Acropteris, p. 114. 
c 3 . Antennas with uniseriate branches. 9. Pseudhyria,p.120. 

b'. Fore wing with an areole 7. Chatamla, p. 117. 

B. Hind wing with the upper discocellular 
highly angled. Fore wing excised below 
apex , 8. Auzea, p. 118. 



Genus NYCTALEMON. 

Nyctalemon, Balman, Act. Holm. 1824, p. 407. 

Type, N. patroclus, Linn. 

Range. China ; Sylhet ; Burma ; Andamans ; Philippines ; 
Borneo ; Java ; Moluccas ; New Guinea ; New Ireland ; Solo- 
mons. 

Palpi upturned, the third joint long and slender. Antennae 
simple. Fore wing with vein 1 b forked at base, and sending a 
bar to the minute vein 1 c ; the cell short ; veins 3 and 4 stalked ; 

5 from just above middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked ; §„,and 
9 stalked ; 10, 11 absent. Hind wing with a long tail at veins 
3 and 4, and a short curved tail at vein 6 ; one internal vein ; 2 
from near end of cell ; 3 and 4 stalked and traversing the tail ; 

6 curved and traversing the short tail. 

3019. Nyctalemon patroclus, Linn. Mus. Lud. TJlr. p. 204 ; id. Syst. 

Nat. i, 2, p. 749; Westw. ed. Drury i, pi. 7, fig. 1; Kiihn, 

Corresp.-Blatt ent. Vereins ' Iris,' 1887, p. 183, pi. 6, fig. 9 
^ (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3046. 
Nyctalemon hector, Wlk. Cat. vii, p. 1771. 
Nyctalemon macleayi, Montr. Ann. Soc. Phys. Lyon, 1857, 

p. 410. 
Nyctalemon zampa, Butl. Ent. Mo. Mag. v, 1868, p. 273; C. % S. 

no. 3047. 
Nyctalemon najabula, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 620; C. fy S. 

no. 3045. 
Nyctalemon docile, Butl. Trans. Linn. Soc. (2) i, p. 562 (1879). 
Lyssidia goldei, Bruce, P. Z. S. 1882, p. 781. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen brown. Pore wing brown, with 
numerous dark striae on the basal area, those on the costa large 
and black ; a straight whitish band just beyond the middle. Hind 



112 



TJRAtfllDjE. 



wing brown, the pale band continued across it ; numerous black 
striae on outer area ; a broken blackish submarginal line; cilia and 
end of the long tail white. Underside with the basal area of both 
wings pale, the whole of both wings striated. 




Fig. 57. — Nyctalemon patroclics, <$ . %. 

The form docile = hector, from Burma, Malacca, and Borneo, has 
the band pure white ; in goldei=macleayi, from New Guinea, 
Timor, New Ireland, and New Britain, the band of the fore wing 
is white and broad ; in typical joatroclus, from New Ireland, it is 
broad and suffused with brown ; in najabula=zampa, from Sylhet 
and Andamans, it is narrow and brownish. 

Larva white, with numerous very irregular black markings, 
which coalesce on the thoracic 5th, 6th, and 10th somites to form 
blotches ; a series of small dorsal setiferous tubercles. Head and 
legs red-brown. 

Hah. China ; Sylhet ; Burma ; Andamans ; Malacca ; Philip- 
pines ; Papuan subregion. Exp., tf 134-144, $ 140-170 millim. 



Genus UEAPTER0IDES.<*- 

Urapteroides, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 258 (1888). 

Type, U. astheniata, Guen. 

Range. Central Africa ; Sikhim ; Ceylon ; Malayan and Papuan 
subregions. 

Palpi slight and porrect. Antennae of male thickened and 
flattened, of female simple. Pore wing broad ; veins 3 and 4 
stalked ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 10 and 11 present. Hind wing with 
an angled tail at vein 4 ; veins 3 and 4 stalked. 



UKAPTEROIDES.— STROPHIDIA. 113 

3020. Urapteroides astheniata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 24; 6. $ S. 
no. 4025. £ 

White ; palpi with a black line on the upperside ; a black 
frontal line and spot on vertex of head. Tore wing with some 
black strigae from the costa ; six oblique fuscous bands, one sub- 
basal, another on discocellulars, the others medial, postmedial, 
submarginal, and marginal ; some fuscous striae on each side of the 



Fig. 58. — Urapteroides astheniata, 2 • i • 

submarginal band. Hind wing with a fuscous band on inner margin 
joined at anal angle by a band from the upper angle of cell, and 
almost met by one from the costa beyond the middle ; some sub- 
marginal striae ; a black marginal line from the apex to the tail, 
and a very narrow line with three spots inside it from the tail to 
anal angle ; cilia tipped with black. 

Hah. Sikhini ; Khasis ; Ceylon; Penang ; Borneo. Exjp. 76 
millim. 

Genus STROPHIDIA. — 

Strophidia, Hiibn, Verz. p. 290 (? 1818). 

Type, S. fasciata, Cram. 

Range. Sikhim ; Assam ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Andamans ; Singa- 
pore ; Borneo ; Java. 

Palpi long, slender, and porrect. Antennae slender and ciliated. 
Hind tibiae of male with the extremity produced on upperside ; a 
terminal pair of spurs only ; a tuft of long hair from the base on 
upperside ; hind tarsus with the first joint long and dilated. Pore 
wing with the costa arched ; the apex acute ; the outer margin 
straight ; veins 3 and 4 from angle of cell ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 8, 9 
stalked; 10 from cell. Hind wing with the margin produced to an 
angled tail at vein 4; veins 3 and 4 from angle of cell. 

VOL. III. I 



114 



ura:ntid,£. 



3021. Strophidia fasciata, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii, p. 12, pi. 104, fig. D ; 
C. Sf S. no. 4016. 
Phakena caudata, Fab?'. Ent. Syst. iii, 2, p. 163. 
Micronia obtusata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 25, pi. 5, fig. 6. -£* 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white, with a brown tinge. Pore 
wing white, with some black striae from the costa ; three double 
subbasal fuscous lines ; two medial bands and one postmedial of 
double lines, which bifurcate towards the costa ; some submarginal 
lines and striae ; a marginal black line. Hind wing white, with 



Q 



\ 



A 



&k 




-***r^v 



Fig. 59. — Strophidia fasciata, <$ . \. 

two lines on inner area and medial and postmedial bands, 
all these approaching each other towards aual angle, and termi- 
nating on a submarginal band of striae; black marginal lines 
from apex to tail, and tail to anal angle ; one black spot at base of 
tail on its upper edge, and two on its lower edge. Underside 
white. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Assam ; Ceylon ; Tavoy ; Andamans ; Singapore ; 
Borneo ; Java. Exp. 6Q millim. 



Genus ACROPTERIS. — 

Acropteris, Hubn. Zutr. iv, p. 36 (1832). 

Type, A. striataria, Clerck. 

Range. Japan; and throughout the Oriental and Australian 
regions. 

Palpi slender, upturned, and reaching vertex of head; antennae 
of male thickened and flattened. Pore wing with the costa 
arched, the apex acute, the outer margin straight; veins 3 and 4 
from angle of cell in female ; male with veins 2 and 3 stalked, 
4 remote from 5, and the discocellulars distorted, 6 and 7 stalked : 
8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with the costa much lobed at base ; 
veins 3 and 4 from angle of cell. 



ACKOPTEKIS. 115 

Sect. I. Hind wing with the margin angled at vein 4. Fore 
wing with the costa slightly arched, the apex acute. Male 
with tufts of scales at base of median nervure and a fold from 
them through cell to outer margin. 

3022. Acropteris striataria, Clerck, Icon. Ins. pi. 55, fig. 4 • C. Sp 8. 
no. 4022. SF2.2- 
Acropteris grammearia, Hiibn. Zutr. iv, p. 36 ; C. 8f 8. no. 4021. 
Acropteris caseata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 27 ; C. 8f 8. no. 4020. 
Micronia teriadata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 29 ; C. 8f 8. no. 4015. 3 
Micronia sparsaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 818 ; C$8. no. 4014. 
Micronia ciniferaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1642. / 
Micronia vagata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1877, p. 622, pi. 60, fig. 18 ; 
C. Sr 8. no. 4023. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white, with a brownish tinge. Fore 
wing white, striated with fuscous ; three double fuscous lines from 
the apex, the first reaching the inner margin near the base, the 
second at middle, the third submarginal ; some dark marks near 



Fig. 60. — Acropteris striataria, tf . {. 

the apex ; a slender brown marginal line. Hind wing white, with 
two subbasal bauds of fuscous striae, and medial, postmedial, and 
submarginal bands ; a fine marginal brown line and black speck 
on tail. Underside white or fuscous in each sex. 

Some specimens have the double lines of the fore wing and bands 
of the hind wing almost completely filled in with fuscous, and the 
spaces between the bands of the fore wing without striae. The 
form teriadata is small (30-40 millim.), the hind wing with a few 
striae between the bands ; sparsaria, a larger form, also has some 
striae between the bands of the hind wing ; ciniferaria is nearly 
evenly striated all over, the oblique lines of fore wing sometimes 
single and ill-defined. 

Hah. Himalayas ; Assam; Burma ; Mergui ; Siam ; Java. Exp. 
30-44 millim. 

3023. Acropteris obliquaria, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1877, p. 622, pi. 60, 
fig. 17 ; C.fyS. no. 4013. 

Differs from striataria in being evenly and sparsely striated ; 
the lines single ; the submarginal line of hind wing crenulate ; 

i2 



116 UBANIIDJE. 

the black marginal points near tail of hind wing prominent. 
Underside white. 

Hab. Sikhim. ; Khasis ; Travancore ; Tenasserim ; Andamans. 
Exp. 41 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with the outer margin rounded. Tore wing 
with the costa more arched, the apex less acute ; male without 
the tufts and fold ; vein 4 from beyond 2 and 3. 

3024. Acropteris iphiata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 29. / 
Acropteris pontiata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 29. 
Micronia convexaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 819. 

Differs from striataria in the cell of the fore wing being suffused 
with fuscous ; the first line single and well defined ; a ferruginous 
subapical patch ; the marginal line of both wings almost black. 

Hab. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Khasis ; Burma. Exp. 32-36 
millim. 

Genus PSEUDOMICRONIA. 

Pseudomicronia, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 461 (1887). 

Type, T. ccelata, Moore. 

Range. N.E. India; Nilgiris ; Ceylon; Andamans; Borneo; 
Ceram. 

Palpi short, porrect, and not very slender. Antennae thickened 
and flattened. Mid tibiae with one pair of spurs, hind tibiae with 
two pairs. Pore wing with the costa slightly arched ; the apex 
rounded, the outer margin straight ; veins 2 and 3 from a point 
before end of cell; 6 and 7 stalked; 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing 
with an angled tail at vein 4 ; veins 3 and 4 from cell. 

3025. Pseudomicronia ccelata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 257; C. $ S. 

no. 4017. 
Pseudomicronia fraterna, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 461, pi. 203, 
fig. 2; C. $ 8. no. 4018. 

Head, thorax, and ab- 
domen pure white. Wings 
pure white, the markings 
as in Strophidia fasciata, 
except that they are nar- 
row and pale fuscous ; the 
marginal line narrow and 
fuscous ; two spots onlj 

at base of tail of hind 
Pig. 61. — Pseudomicroma ccelata, <$ . \. w inff 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Borneo ; Ceram. 
Exp. 44 millim. 

3026. Pseudomicronia simplicifascia, Swinh. MS. 

$ . Differs from ccelata in the fore wing having some black 
strigae from the costa ; oblique antemedial, medial, and postmedial 




PSEUDOMICRONIA. — CHATAMLA. 117 

narrow pale brown bands, the medial bifurcating towards costa; two 
fine submarginal lines. Hind wing with the marginal band and 
two spots at tail brown. 

Hob. Andamans. Exp. 46 millim. 

Genus MICRONIA. 
Micronia, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 22 (1857). 

Type, M. aculeata, Guen. 

Range. China ; Formosa ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Andamans ; Java ; Borneo; 

Palpi porrect, slender, and rather long. Antennas thickened and 
flattened. Hind leg of male with the femur very slender, the tibiae 
thickened, with one medial spur and a terminal pair ; a tuft of short 
hair from the base on upperside. Fore wing with the costa arched 
towards apex, which is acute ; the outer margin straight ; veins 2 
and 3 on a short stalk ; 6 and 7 from angle of cell ; 8, 9, 10 stalked. 
Hind wing with an angle at vein 4 ; veins 3 and 4 from cell. 

3027. Micronia aculeata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 26, pi. 13, fig. 8 ; C. $ S. 
no. 4012. «f 
Micronia gannata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 26. 
Micronia sondaicata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 26. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white, with a fuscous tinge. "Wings 
white, closely striated with fuscous ; somewhat ill-defined ante- 




Fig. 62. — Micronia aculeata, <$ . { . 

medial, medial, and postmedial fuscous oblique bands ; a fine 
marginal line and black spot at base of tail of hind wing. Under- 
side white or fuscous. 

Hah. China ; Formosa ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
Andamans ; Java ; Borneo. Exp. 42-50 millim. 

Genus CHATAMLA. 
Chatamla, Moore, T. Z. S. 188 J , p. 326. 

Type, C.flavescensi Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sylhet. 

Antennae with fascicles of cilia in the male, simple in the 



118 TJKANIIDJK 

female. Palpi short and porrect. Pore wing with veins 2 and 
3 given off before the end of the cell, 4 from the angle ; 5 
from the middle of the discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked from the 
upper angle of cell ; 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with the outer 
margin excised from veins 4 to 7 ; la, lb present ; 2 and 3 at 
intervals before the end of the cell ; 4 from the angle ; 5 from the 
middle of the discocellulars ; 6 and 7 from the upper angle. 

3028. Chatamla flavescens, Wlk. Cat. ii, p. 406 • Bubl. III. Set. i, 

pi. 14, fig. 3 ; C. $ S. no. 426. 
Chatamla tricolor, Bull. III. Set. v, p. 20, pi. 83, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 428. 
Euschema nigrescens, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 20 ; C. Sf S. nos. 427 

and 3085. 

Head and thorax black, the frons yellow ; collar and tegulse 
spotted with yellow ; abdomen ringed yellow and black. Pore 
wing black, with three antemedial yellowish spots, one in the cell 
and two below, the one in the cell sometimes diffused towards the 
base, a series of five white spots beyond the cell, and a submarginal 




Fig. 63. — Chatamla ft t 



series of seven spots. Hind wing bright yellow, with an irregular 
black antemedial band ; a similar postmedial band sending black 
streaks along the veins to the irregular black margin. 

In the form nigrescens the whitish spots of the fore wing and 
yellow markings of the hind wing are rather reduced. In the form 
tricolor they are so much enlarged that the black markings of the 
fore wing are smaller than the pale spots, and in the hind wing 
all the black markings except the antemedial band are almost 
entirely obsolete. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sylhet. Exp., S 64, $ 70 millim. 

Genus AUZEA. 

Auzea, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1487 (1862). 

Type, A. rufifrontata, Wlk. 
Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas ; Canara. 

Palpi short and porrect ; antennae usually slightly thickened ; 
legs with the spurs short. Pore wing with the apex produced 



AUZEA. 



119 



to a rounded lobe, the outer margin being excised below it ; the 
discocellulars oblique; veins 6, 7 and 8, 9 stalked; 10 absent. 
Hind wing with, veins 6 and 7 from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with vein 5 from the middle of discocellulars ; 
hind wing with it from below the middle. 

3029. Auzea rufifrontata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1487 ; Butl. III. Set. vi, 
pi. 118, fig. 10; C.8f S. no. 3227. 
Cyclidia rectata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1536 ; C. $ S. no. 3127. 

Frons and tibia3 crimson ; thorax and abdomen grey-brown, the 
latter fulvous at extremity. Fore wing grey-brown ; a very 
oblique antemedial vinous-brown line angled below the costa, and 
with some grey on its inner edge ; a similar postmedial line with 
a series of white specks on the nervules beyond it ; some sub- 
marginal dark specks ; costa dark crimson towards apex. Hind 
wing with the costal half whitish, the inner area grey-brown ; a 




64.— Auzea rufifrontata, 



brown antemedial line from the median nervure to inner margin ; 
a marginal vinous-brown line traversed by an interrupted white 
line. Underside with the outer margin of fore wing tawny towards 
apex. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 54 millim. 



Sect. IL Both wings with vein 5 from above the middle 
of discocellulars. 



A. Antennae thickened and flattened. 



3030. Auzea arenosa, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 121 ; id. III. Het. 
pi. 113, fig. 9 ; C.$S. no. 3223. 

J. Thorax and abdomen brown, the latter fulvous towards 
extremity. Fore wing yellowish brown; an antemedial oblique 
tawny line angled below the costa ; a dark speck at end of cell ; 
an oblique tawny postmedial line ; an obscure series of submarginal 
dark specks. Hind wing with an oblique tawny antemedial line 
not reaching the costa; some indistinct diffused postmedial 



120 TiKAiraD^:. 

fuscous blotches. Underside with the costa of fore wing and outer 
margin of both wings fulvous. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Nagas. Exp. 52 millim. 

3031. Auzea hyperythra, n. sp. 

S . Differs from arenosa in being more rufous. Fore wing with 
oblique chestnut lines from end of cell and apex to inner margin ; 
the veins chestnut ; a submarginal series of white and black specks. 
Hind wing with the costal area chestnut ; an oblique antemedial 
chestnut line with white strigse on the veins beyond it ; traces of 
a submarginal series of black specks ; both wings with marginal 
white line and the cilia chestnut. Underside orange. 

Hab. Sikhim (Knyvett). Exp. 58 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

B. Antennce with uniseriate branches. 

3032. Auzea torridaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 617; C. $ S. 

no. 3244. 

2 . Differs from arenosa in being greyer ; fore wing with only 
one line, which is more oblique and darker, with slight white and 
black marks on the veins beyond it, most prominent at apex. 
Underside of both wings with the line blackish ; the outer area 
suffused with red. 

Hah. " Bengal " ; N. Canara. Exp. 52 millim. 



Genus PSEUDHYRIA, nov. 

Type, P. rubra, Hmpsn. 

Range. Nilgiris. 

Palpi minute ; antennae with uniseriate branches. Eore wing 
with the apex acute and produced ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
6, 7 from upper angle; 8, 9 stalked; 10 absent; 11 anastomosing 
with 12. Hind wing with the margin rounded ; 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle. 

3033. Pseudhyria rubra, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. Ill, pi. 151, fig. 8. 

2 . Brick-red, thickly irro- 
rated with fuscous ; vertex of 



head and shaft of antennae 
white ; both wings with dark 
cell- speck and faint traces of 
ante- and postmedial lines ; the 
cilia golden yellow. Underside 
grey, with fuscous irroration. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 28 
millim. 




EPIPLEMLD^. 121 

Family EPIPLEMID^E. 

Proboscis and frenulum present. Fore wing with vein 1 a 
separate from 16; 1 c absent ; 5 from or from above the middle 
of discocellulars ; 7 widely separated from 8, and usually stalked 
with 6. Hind wing with two internal veins ; vein 5 from or from 
above the middle of discocellulars ; 8 free from the base. 

Larvae with five pairs of prolegs and sparsely clothed with hair. 




Fig. 66. — Larva of Epiplema latifasciata. \. (From Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 186, fig. 12.) 

Key to the Genera. 

A. Both sexes with uniseriate branches to 

antennae. 

a. The branches of antennae short and thick. 1. Paradecetia, p. 122. 

b. The branches of antennae long 2. Decetia, p. 122. 

B. Antennae not unipectinate. 

a. Both wings with the outer margin evenly 

rounded 3. Amana, p. 123. 

b. Hind wing with the outer margin excised, 

angled, or tailed. 
a'. Fore wing with veins 6 and 7 on a 

long stalk 

a 2 . Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 

stalked 4. Orudiza, p. 124. 

6 2 . Hind wing with veins 3 and 4 
from cell. 
a 3 . Fore wing with vein 5 from 

upper angle of cell 5. Epiplema, p. 125. 

b 3 . Fore wing with vein 5 from 

below upper angle of cell. 

a 4 . Hind wing with the outer 

margin rounded, excised, and 

produced to points at the 

veins 6. Dirades, p. 132. 

6 4 . Hind wing with the outer 
margin produced to a point at 
vein 7, and straight from 
thence to anal angle or angled [p. 135, 

at vein 4 8. Metorthochilus, 

V . Fore wing with veins 6 and 7 from 

cell or on a short stalk 7. Gathynia, p. 134. 

c. Hind wing with the outer margin nearly 

straight ; the apex produced beyond 

the outer angle of fore wing 9. Atossa, p. 136. 



122 



EPIPLEMIDJE. 



Genus PARADECETIA. 



Paradecetia, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 164, 



Type, P. alhisteUaria, Wlk. 

Range. Khasis : Burma. 

Palpi short and porrect ; antennae with short, thick, curved, uni- 
seriate branches. Fore wing with the apex produced and acute ; 
vein 5 from above the middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 
8, 9, 10 stalked ; 10 anastomosing with 11, which also anastomoses 
with 12. Hind wing with vein 5 from above middle of disco- 
cellulars. 

, 3034. Paradecetia albistellaria, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1522. / 

crfr--^ \ ^?^E3 Ochreous white. Pore wing 

r\ ^^X\ y^€~^3 slightly speckled with pale brown; 

the apex crimson, with a fulvous 
line from it to the middle of inner 
margin. Hind wing with the 
oblique line continued across it 
and blood -red in colour, the area 
beyond it suffused with crimson 
and with four postmedial white 
spots on it ; cilia rufous. 
Hob. Khasis ; E. Pegu ; Shan States. Exp. 44 millim. 




Fig. 67. 

Paradecetia albistellaria, 



Genus DECETIA. 
Decetia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 232 (1860). 

Type, D. numicusaria, Wlk. 

Range. Assam ; Calcutta ; the Western Ghats ; Ceylon ; Burma. 

Palpi short and porrect ; antennae with long uniseriate branches, 
shorter in female than in male. Pore wing with the apex produced 
to a point, the outer margin excised below it ; vein 5 from above 
the middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 9 and 10 stalked ; 
11 becoming coincident with 12. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with vein 5 from near upper angle of cell. 

3035. Decetia numicusaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 95. 

Decetia capetusaria, Wlk. Cat. 
xx, p. 233; C. $ S. no. 3224. 
Drepanodes circulitaria, Wlk. 
Cat. xxvi, p. 1489. 

S . Pale ochreous brown ; 
wings irrorated with fus- 
cous ; a very oblique ferru- 
ginous line from the apex 
of fore wing to near base 
of inner margin of hind 
wing, slightly curved near 




Fig. 68. 

Decetia numicusaria, 



6- h 



the apex ; some white submarginal specks towards apex of fore 
wing ; cilia rufous. 



DECETIA. — AMANA. 123 

2 . Browner ; the oblique line brown. Hind wing with five 
white postmedial spots, and the area beyond them brown with 
a pale marginal line. 

Hab. Sylhet. Exp., S 40, o 44 millim. 

3036. Decetia subobscurata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1495 ; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. ix, pi. 168, figs. 1 & 7 ; C. $ S. no. 3228. 

c?. Pale olive-brown; fore legs orange. Fore wing with the 
apex suffused with brown ; a dark speck at end of cell ; an oblique 
brown line from just before the apex to middle of inner margin ; a 
series of dark submargiual specks. Hind wing with an oblique 
antemedial brown line ; a large diffused black patch at end of cell ; 
cilia rufous. 

2 . Much redder in tone ; traces of grey specks instead of the 
dark submarginal specks on the fore wing, and black blotches on 
the hind wing. 

Hab. JNllgiris ; Travancore ; Ceylon. Exp. 50 millim. 

3037. Decetia bilineata, n. sp. 

Pale reddish or ochreous brown. Fore wing with an indistinct 
darker antemedial line angled at the subcostal and median nervures, 
and very oblique from the latter to inner margin ; a similar but 
more regular postmedial line ; a black speck on an ochreous spot 
at end of cell ; traces of a diffused fuscous band beyond the post- 
medial line, and a submarginal series of black and white specks. 
Hind wing similar, the first line subbasal. Underside with the 
outer area of both wings suffused with brick-red. 

In one specimen the antemedial line of the fore wing is fuscous, 
and the postmedial line has fuscous blotches on the costa and 
inner margin. 

Hab. Chin Hills and Tilin Yaw, Burma {Watson). Exp., 
<$ 52, 2 58 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle of discocellulars. 

3038. Decetia pallida, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 232, pi. viii, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3226. 

J . Pale ochreous. Pore wing with an annulus at end of cell 
with two streaks from it ; an oblique rufous line from apex to 
inner margin of hind wing before middle, with an indistinct waved 
line beyond it on fore wing. Hind wing with a semidiaphanous 
streak beyond the cell ; cilia rufous. 

Hab. Calcutta. Exp. 42 millim. 

Genus AMANA. 

Amana, Wlk. Cat. iii, p. 661 (1855). 

Type, A. angulifera, Wlk. 
Mange. Khasis. 



124 



EPIPLEMID^]. 



Palpi hair j, porrect, and reaching just beyond frontal tuft. 
Antennae slightly thickened and flattened. Fore wing with vein 5 
from above the middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 stalked 
stalked from before end of cell, 
upper angle of cell. 



, 8, 9, 10 
ELind wing with vein 5 from near 



3039 



Amana angulifera, Wlk. Cat. iii, p. 662. 

S . Dark brown ; antennae, palpi, and underside of thorax and 
abdomen fulvous. Fore wing with a yellow fascia from the base 
of costa traversing the interno -median interspace to close to outer 




Fig. 69. — Amana angulifera, rf . {. 

angle, where it almost meets an oblique band from the costa beyond 
the middle and a submarginal line. Hind wing with an orange 
patch at apex, and some orange with dark lunules on it towards 
anal angle. 

Hah. Khasis. Eocp. 70 millim. 



Genus ORUDIZA. 
Orudiza, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 857 (1861). 

Type, 0. protheclaria, Wlk. 

Range. N.E. India ; W. Grhats and Malabar ; Burma ; Java. 

Palpi short, slender, and obliquely porrect ; antennse thickened 
and flattened. Fore wing with the apex produced to a short point, 
the outer margin to long points at veins 7 and 4, between which 
it is excised ; vein 5 from the upper angle of cell ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 
8, 9, 10 stalked from cell. Hind wing with short tails on outer 
margin at veins 3 and 4 ; an angle at vein 2, and excised from vein 
2 to the anal angle ; veins 3 and 4 stalked ; 5 from towards upper 
angle of cell ; 6 and 7 stalked. 

\ 3040. Orudiza protheclaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 858 ; C. fy S. no. 3048. / 
Pale brown; frons chocolate; extremity of abdomen orange. 




ORTTDIZA. — EPIPLEMA. 125 

Fore wing with grey striae on costa and outer area; outwardly- 
oblique antemedial and medial brown lines. Hind wing with an 

outwardly-oblique medial brown 
line angled at veins 3 and 2, then 
recurved to inner margin ; outer 
area with a yellowish tinge ; two 
marginal brown lines from apex 
to the tail at vein 4, where there 
is a black spot just inside the 
margin. 
-p- 7 0o Hab. Sikhim; Khasis ; Poona ; 

Orudiza protheclciria, £ . }. Canara ; Travancore ; Burma; 

Java. Exp. 36 millim. 



Genus EPIPLEMA. 
Epiplema, Herr.-Schaffer, Samml. aussereur. Schmett. p. 26 (1850).^ 

Type, E. acutangularia, H.-S., from Brazil. 

Range. Neotropical, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Australian 
regions, and the Palaearctic in S. Eussia, Amur, and Japan. 

Palpi porrect, projecting beyond the frons. Pore wing with 
vein 5 from the upper angle of cell ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 8 and 9 
stalked ; 10 usually from cell, rarely stalked with 8 and 9. Hind 
wing with veins 3 and 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6 and 7 from upper angle. Wings held more or 
less apart in repose. 

Sect. I. Male with the antennae thickened and flattened. 

A. Wings with outer margin indented below the apex and slightly 
excised from thence to vein 4. 

3041. Epiplema columbaris, Butl. Ill Het. vii, p. 82, pi. 133, fig. 8. 

c? . Dull hair-brown. Pore wing with indistinct darker striae, 
some of which form indistinct ante- and postmedial nearly erect 
lines ; cilia ochreous. Hind wing similar ; the indistinct lines 
subbasal and antemedial. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Simla. Exp. 30 millim. 

B. Fore wing with the outer margin deeply excised from veins 7 to 4. 
Hind iving ivith two indentures between the anal angle and vein 3. 

3042. Epiplema edentata, n. sp. 

$ . Head and collar white ; thorax fuscous. Pore wing white ; 
the whole basal area except the costa clouded and speckled with 
fuscous ; a double oblique fuscous line from below the apex to 
inner margin, the area beyond it clouded and striated with fuscous ; 
some dark specks on the costa towards apex and rufous marks on 



126 EPIPLEMID^E. 

outer margin below the apex. Hind wing white ; the basal area 
slightly speckled with fuscous ; a broad fuscous medial band 
followed by a pure white band, both being bent towards inner 
margin ; a broad fuscous marginal band with a white line on it. 
Hah. Sikhim (Mbtter). Exp. 26 millim. Type iu coll. Elwes. 



C Fore wine/ ivith the outer margin slightly excised from the apex to 
vein 3. Hind iving produced to points at veins 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7. 

3043. Epiplema reticulata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 259 ; C. $ S. no. 3068. 

S . Whitish, evenly and thickly speckled and striated all over 
with brown. Fore wing with an antemedial slightly oblique pale 
line and excurved postmedial line. Hind wing with a curved 
postmedial line ; the veins of both wings pale, and the cilia 
traversed by a pale line. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 



D. Fore wing with the outer margin excised from the apex to vein 3. 
Hind iving with slight tails at veins 6 and 4. 

3044. Epiplema moza, Butt. A. M, N. H. (5) i, p. 402 ; id. III. Het. iii, 

pi. 51, fig. 7. 

Red-brown. Eore wing striated with dark brown ; ante- and 
postmedial lines highly angled at middle, the latter with a dark 
patch on it at inner margin; three dark submarginal specks 
below the apex. Hind wing with a subbasal line from median 
nervure to iuner margin ; a brown line on discocellulars ; the post- 
medial line very highly angled at vein 4, and with a chestnut line 
on each side of it converging to the angle ; a series of greyish 
lunules striated with brown and defined by whitish lines and streaks 
on outer margin between the tails. 

Hob. Japan ; Simla ; Dalhousie ; Khasis. Exp. 20-30 millim. 

3045. Epiplema sreapa, Switih. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 166. 

S . Dark leaden grey, with slight striation. Fore wing with the 
outer margin produced to a point below the apex as well as excised ; 
minutely waved ante- and postmedial brown lines ; the former 
angled below costa, the latter curved ; a submarginal dark lunulate 
mark from apex to vein 3, with a minute dentition below apex. 
Hind wing with dark subbasal line not reaching the costa ; some 
ochreous markings between lower angle of cell and inner margin ; 
a pale postmedial line with black on its inner edge, rufous on its 
outer, highly angled and with two black points at vein 4, where 
there is a black submarginal point. Underside with four white 
spots between lower angle of cell of hind wing and inner margin. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 



EPIPLEMA. 127 

E. Fore wing with the outer margin evenly curved, hind wing 
slightly produced at veins 4 and 7. 

3046. Epiplema niultistrigaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 260 ; C. $ S- 

no. 3062. 

cT , Grey, thickly and evenly striated all over with dark brown ; 
fore wing with a black apical patch ; hind wing with two black 
marginal spots between veins 2 and 4. 

Hah. Simla ; Sikhim. Exp. 26 millim. 

E. Fore wing with the outer margin evenly curved. Hind wing 
ivith slight tails at veins 4 and 7. 

3047. Epiplema latifasciata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 403, pi. 186, 

figs. 12, 12 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3060. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen brownish grey. Fore wing brownish 
grey, with a broad chocolate band irrorated with ochreous occu- 
pying the medial portion of wing, the line defining its inner edge 
slightly angled at the subcostal and median nervures, its outer 
edge with a prominent angle at vein 4 ; a chocolate band on outer 
margin below the apex and some purplish suffusion towards outer 
angle. Hind wing similar ; the band narrower ; the outer margin 
with chocolate lunules below the apex and between the tails, 

Larva black, spotted with deep black and with a few short hairs • 
the first and anal somites yellow. 

Bab. Ceylon. Exp., $ 23, $ 28 millim. 

/'3048. Epiplema rhagavata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 848; Moore, Lep. 
Ceyl hi, pi. 186, fig. 3 ; C. $ S. no. 3069. 2- 
Erosia palaca, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 849 ; C.fyS. no. 3064. 
Erosia bidens, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 128, fig. 38 ; G.fy S. no. 3050. 

Grey-brown. Wings striated with brown ; fore wing with 
an obscure antemedial line; a pale red-edged postmedial line 
angled at veins 4 and 6 ; a dark triangular mark on middle of 
outer margin. Hind wing similar ; a subbasal line from median 
nervure to inner margin ; a brown line on discocellulars ; the 
postmedial line very highly angled at vein 4, and with a chestnut 
line on each side of it converging to the angle ; a series of greyish 
lunules striated with brown and defined by whitish lines and 
streaks on outer margin between the tails. 

In typical rhagavata the postmedial line of the fore wing is 
hardly angled, and the lunules on outer margin of hind wing extend 
nearly to anal angle ; some specimens have dark blotches on the 
inner margin of both wings inside the postmedial lines. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Ceylon. Exp. 28-32 millim. 

3049. Epiplema quadricaudata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 847 ; Moore, Lep. 
Ceyl. hi, pi 186, figs. 1, 1 a; C. 8? S. no. 3067. 
Erosia varisaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 848. 

Pale brown ; frons vinous. Wings with indistinct dark stria?. 



128 EPIPLEMID^J. 

Fore wing with some prominent dark striae on the costa; an 
ochreous postmedial line excurved beyond the cell and angled at 
veins 6 and 4, and with a prominent chocolate streak on it from 
costa to vein 6 and blotch on inner margin ; a chocolate marginal 
band from apex to vein 3. Hind wing with the postmedial line 
evenly waved ; a lunulate submarginal band between the tails. 
Underside of hind wing whitish. 

Hab. Assam; Canara; Ceylon; Burma; Andamans ; Pulo 
Laut. Exp., <3 24, $ 32 millim. 

3050. Epiplema tenebrosa, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 137, pi. 157, fig. 3. 

2 • Dark purple-grey. Tore wing with indistinct darker striae ; 
an indistinct medial excurved red-brown line ; a similar slightly 
waved postmedial line ; a submarginal blackish maculate line from 
below the apex to vein 4. Hind wing with a subbasal red-brown 
line produced outwards to a very acute angle at lower end of cell ; 
a medial line excurved at middle nearly to the margin ; a marginal 
lunulate band from the apex to the tail at vein 4, where there is a 
spot. 

Hab. Pundaloya, Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 

3051. Epiplema obscuraria, Moore, Lep. Ceyl iii, p. 400, pi. 186, 

fig. 6 ; C.&S. no. 3063. 

2 . Pale chestnut ; head purplish grey. Pore wing slightly 
striated with brown ; the base of costa purplish grey ; an 
oblique medial red-brown streak from the costa to above a semi- 
circular spot on inner margin ; an obliquely curved line from the 
costa beyond the middle to outer angle ; some submarginal dark 
specks below the apex. Hind wing slightly striated with brown ; 
a white and chestnut streak from the base in lower part of cell to 
the lower angle, where it is joined to an acutely angled double line 
of fuscous, chestnut, and silvery- white scales ; a postmedial chest- 
nut line acutely angled outwards at vein 4, and from thence to 
inner margin outlined with white ; a lunulate marginal line from 
the tail at vein 6 to vein 1. 

Hab. Pundaloya, Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

3052. Epiplema quadristrigata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1647. 
Epiplema pulverea, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 137, pi. 157, fig. 4. 

<3 . Ochreous white ; vertex of head and collar white ; antennae 
ochreous. Pore wing thickly striated and powdered with purplish 
black-brown ; an indistinct highly angled medial black line and 
excurved slightly waved postmedial line ; a series of submarginal 
black specks. Hind wing striated with red-brown, especially on 
inner area ; a postmedial line slightly angled at vein 4 ; four 
submarginal black specks between the tails. 

Hab. Ceylon ; ? Mysol. Exp. 18 millim. 



EPIPLEMA. 129 

3053. Epiplema conflictaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 851. 
Erosia expriniataria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 851. 
Erosia diffiniaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 852. 
Erosia secutaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1645. 
Diradea parvula, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 402, pi. 186, fig. 5 ;. 

C. ty S. no. 3065. 
Dirad.es lilacina, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 402, pi. 186, fig. 4 ; 
C. 8f S. no. 3061. 

Pale purplish grey ; head fuscous. Eore wing irrorated with 
brown ; an indistinct slightly waved postmedial line with a fuscous 
or fuscous and ochreous blotch on it at inner margin and in some 
specimens another at lower angle of cell; a lunulate marginal 
dark band from the apex to vein 4. Hind wing with the inner 
half irrorated with brown ; an ochreous fascia striated with brown 
from the base below median nervure to lower angle of cell, where 
it meets a band on the discocellulars ; a waved postmedial line 
produced outwards to an angle at vein 4, where there is a leaden 
and chestnut patch beyond it and a chestnut patch inside it on 
vein 2 ; a brown and chestnut marginal lunulate band from veins 
1 to 6. Underside of hind wing grey or whitish. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Nagas ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Perak ; Singapore ; 
Sumatra; Java; Borneo; Ceram ; Solomons. Exp. 18-29 
millim. 

3054. Epiplema albida, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 102, pi. 150, fig. 10. 
Erosia lanigera, Hmpsn. 111. Het. ix, p. 137, pi. 157, fig. 13. 

$ . Pale violaceous grey ; irons dark brown. Eore wing 
slightly irrorated with dark brown ; indistinct red-brown ante- 
and postmedial excurved lines, the Latter more or less indented 
and approaching the former below the cell ; a submarginal series 
of red-brown specks below the apex. Hind wing more thickly 
irrorated with brown ; the ante- and postmedial lines more 
prominent and angled outwards at vein 4, where there are rufous 
patches inside them ; a submarginal lunulate line. Eemale more 
prominently irrorated with brown ; fore wing with a complete 
marginal series of lunules ; hind wing without the patches on the 
lines. 

The form lanigera from Ceylon has the striae darker ; the ante- 
and postmedial lines of both wings nearer together and filled in 
with fuscous. 

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

3055. Epiplema ruptaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 259 ; C. fy 8. no. 3070. 

White ; palpi and frons marked with fuscous. Eore wing with 
fuscous striae on the base of costa ; very indistinct ante- and 
postmedial ochreous curved bands ; a spot on costa towards apex 
and one at outer angle ; a dark submarginal spot between veins 4 
and 5 ; some ochreous striae on the marginal area below the apex 
sometimes developed into a patch. Hind wing with indistinct 

VOL. III. k 



130 epiplemim:. 

ochreous, subbasal, medial, and postniedial bands ; a submarginal 
line between the tails. 

Hab. Dharmsala; Calcutta. Exp., d 16, $ 18 millim. 

3056. Epiplema fulvilinea, Hmpsn. Ill Het. viii, p. 103, pi. 150, 

fig. 19. / 

Differs from ruptaria in being purer white. Pore wing with the 
ante- and postmedial bands composed of well-defined double lines 
connected in places ; some black specks and ochreous striae on the 
costa ; no ochreous patches on costa and outer margin near apex ; 
the submarginal speck black. Hind wing with the bands composed 
of double lines ; the medial band highly angled outwards at vein 4 ; 
some submarginal dark striae and ochreous spots. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Shan States ; Nilgiris. Exp. 20 millim. 

3057. Epiplema apicalis, n. sp. 

$ . White, slightly suffused with ochreous. "Wings with traces 
of antemedial, medial, and postmedial bands. Fore wing with the 
apical area from the costa to vein 4 suffused with purplish fuscous 
and brown and with four black spots on it. Hind wing with a 
dark mark on the postmedial band ; slight dark marginal markings 
between the tails and a black speck at the lower tail. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Naga Hills ; Momeit, Burma (Doherty). Exp. 
20 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3058. Epiplema bicaudata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 643, pi. 33 ; fig. 12 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3922. 

White ; antennae annulatecl with brown ; frons and palpi brown. 

Fore wing with some brown 
striae below the costa ; a 
series of antemedial spots ; a 
postmedial chestnut band 
slightly angled at vein 4 and 
with three waved brown lines 
on it ; the area beyond it 
suffused with brown, except 

Fig. 71.-Epipkma Ucmdata, tf . \. at a P ex and outer angle ; some 

submarginal indistinct brown 
spots. Hind wing similar ; a black submarginal speck at vein 4. 
Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 26 millim. 

3059. Epiplema restricta, n. sp. 

S . Differs from bicaudata in having slight dark striae on the 
costa of fore wing ; the fulvous postmedial band more irregular 
and the area beyond it almost wholly suffused with fuscous, and with 
the black submarginal spots more prominent ; the postmedial band 
and markings beyond it all terminating at vein 3, leaving the area 
at outer angle white. Hind wing with the postmedial band more 
irregular, and the markings beyond it not continued on to the apical 
area. 




EP1PLEMA. 131 

Another form from Sikhim and the Naga Hills has the apical 
markings of the fore wing almost wholly obsolete. 

Hab. Sikhim (Moller) ; Nagas (Ddherty). Exp. 26 millim. Type 
in coll. Elwes. 

3060. Epiplema instaMlata, Wtk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1646. 6 

Erosia insolita, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1648. 

Dirades conchiferata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 403, pi. 186, fig, 11 ; 
C. Sf S. no. 3053. 

Head and collar fuscous ; thorax and first segment of abdomen 
white, the other segments fuscous. Eore wing thickly speckled 
and striated with brown, fulvous, and black, the inner area white 
slightly marked with fulvous ; a white spot at lower angle of cell ; 
some black submarginal markings and spots on the cilia. Hind 
wing with the costal area white, the rest of the wing fulvous 
striated with black, the outline between the two areas very irregular ; 
a leaden-grey marginal line from the tail at vein 7 to anal angle. 

In some specimens the markings on the basal half of the costal 
area of the fore wing are much reduced. 

Hab. China ; Ivhasis ; Bombay ; Ceylon ; E. Pegu ; Pulo Laut ; 
Sula ; Mysol ; Elores ; Solomons. Exp. 24 millim. 

3061. Epiplema himala, Butl. A.M. N.H. (5) vi, 1880, p. 221; id. 

Ill Het. vi, pi. 1 12, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. no. 3057. 

2 . Pure white. Eore wing with outwardly-oblique black- 
brown antemedial and medial lines; a similar pale brown post- 
medial line; a fine submarginal line not reaching the costa or 
inner margin ; some slight brown striae on the costa ; cilia brown. 
Hind wing with a subbasal black-brown line running towards anal 
angle, then recurved to inner margin ; a yellow line from vein 6 to 
anal angle, expanding at middle into a patch reaching the outer 
margin ; a brown line from the apex to yellow patch ; a black- 
brown marginal line between the tails and prominent spot towards 
anal angle. Underside of fore wing with the basal/ costal, and 
outer areas suffused with brown. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

G\ Eore iving ivith the outer margin produced to points at veins 2 and 
6; veins 10, 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing with 12; hind iving 
ivith the costa excised at middle and ivith a tuft of hair before 
middle ; the outer margin produced to an oblique tail at vein 4 
and to points at veins 2 and 7. 

3062. Epiplema ocusta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 165. 

Eufous, with darker striae and irroration. Eore wing with 
highly excurved antemedial and postmedial lines expanding into 
small red-brown patches; a straight ochreous submarginal line 
with dark rnfous on its outer edge ; the area near outer angle 
purplish fuscous with two black spots. Hind wing with angled 
antemedial line, with rufous patches on its outer edge ; a post- 
medial whitish line produced to a strong angle at vein 4 and with 

k2 



' 132 epiplemidje. 

rufous patches on its inner edge ; an orange patch reticulated 
with brown on the margin between veins 4 and 7. 
Hab. Sikhira ; Khasis. Exp. 24 millim. 

Sect. II. Male with antenna? serrated. Eore wing with outer 
margin slightly angled at vein 7. Hind wing with two tails. 

3063. Epiplema irrorata, -Moore, Lep. Ceyl.rn, p. 403, pi. 186, fig. 10 j 
' C. $ S. no. 3059. / 

cJ . Grrey, thickly irrorated with pale and dark brown scales. 
Fore wing with indistinct antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal 
waved brown lines outwardly edged with ochreous ; a maculate 
brown line just before the margin. Hind wing similar ; a brown 
white-edged lunule at each tail. 

Hab. Khasis; JNilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 16 millim. 



Genus DIRADES. 
Dirades, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1650 (1866). 

Type, J), theclata, GJ-uen. 

Mange. W. Indies ; Africa ; China ; throughout India, Ceylon, 
and Burma to Australia. 

Palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennae thickened 
and flattened in male. Tore wing broad ; the outer margin evenly 
curved ; vein 5 from below the upper angle of cell ; 6 and 7 
stalked, 8 and 9 stalked ; 10 from cell. Hind wing usually with the 
outer margin produced to points at veins 4 and 7, slightly developed 
in male ; vein 5 from the middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 from 
angle of cell or shortly stalked. Male with a fold on inner area 
containing a tuft of long hair, veins 1 b and 2 being distorted. 
Wings held more or less apart in repose. 

Sect. I. Hind wing of male without tufts of hair on the costa. 

A. Hind iving of male with a slight tail at vein 4 only ; veins 2, 5, 
6, 7, the discocellulars, and upper margin of cell absent. 

3064. Dirades unicauda, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 103 ; pi. 150, fig-. 21. 

cJ . Violaceous grey-brown. "Wings irrorated with brown. 
Pore wing with the costal area suffused with fuscous ; a large oval 
brown-outlined spot on inner margin ; a series of marginal fuscous 
lunules. Hind wing with an angled indistinct antemedial rufous 
line ; a curved postmedial, more prominent line and marginal 
lunulate line. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nilgiris. Exp. 22 millim. 

B. Hind wing of male ivith slight tails at veins 4 and 7, 
and the venation normal. 

3065. Dirades theclata, Gum. Phal. ii, p. 36. 

Dirades adjutaria, Wlh. Cat. xxiii, p. 849 j C. 8r S. no. 3049. 
Dirades binotata, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1650 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

p. 399, pi. 186, fig. 7 ; C.^S. no. 3051. 
Erosia verticaria, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 128, fig. 7. 




DIRADES. 133 

cJ . Antennae and vertex o£ head whitish ; head and thorax 
violaceous grey; abdomen ochreous, except at base. Fore wing 

violaceous grey ; a large triangular 
patch outlined with double brown 
lines on the costa beyond the 
middle ; a similar oval spot with 
darker centre on inner margin ; 
a series of marginal fuscous lunules. 
Hind wing with the basal half 
violaceous grey, darkest at inner 

Dirades^hecUta, tf. h m f ^ > ^ 0U *f r ^ P ale 

ochreous brown, the two areas 

defined by a rufous and pale line ; a series of marginal fuscous 

lunules. 

2 • Abdomen and hind wing of the same violaceous grey as the 
ground-colour. 

Hcib. "W. Africa ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Exp. 
22 millim. 



Sect. II. Hind wing of male with two tufts of hair on 
the costa. 

3066. Dirades conifera, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 399, pi. 186, fig. 8 ; 

C. Sf S. no. 3054. 

cJ . Differs from theclata in being more uniform red-brown 
irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with the outline of the post- 
medial mark on the costa indistinct, incomplete, and its outer edge 
very oblique ; the mark on inner margin larger. Hind wing with 
the medial curved line arising from the costa much nearer the 
apex ; the marginal lunules of both wings reduced to a series of 
specks. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

3067. Dirades leucocera, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 102, pi. 150, fig. 13. 

cJ . Differs from conifera in the mark on inner margin of fore 
wing being filled in with black, with a plum-coloured centre ; the 
leaden marginal band prominent and regular. Hind wing dark 
chocolate ; the medial band plum-coloured, bounded by w T hite 
lines ; the marginal band irregular ; the tuft in the fold on inner 
margin pure white. 

5 . With the marginal band of both wings lunulate. 

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

3068. Dirades crepuscularis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 138, pi. 157, 
fig. 12. 

$ • Purplish brown ; antennse and vertex of head white. Fore 
wing with traces of an ang dated antemedial line ; a nearly 
straight postmedial ferruginous line ; a submarginal dark lunulate 
line, slightly edged with white towards apex. Hind wing with 



134 EPIPLEMIM3. 

an indistinct antemedial ferruginous curved line, with a white 
patch at inner margin ; a more prominent postmedial line ; a 
submarginal rufous and black line. 
Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

3069. Dirades prunaria, Moore, Lep. Ceyl iii, p. 400; C & S, 
no. 3066. 

£ . Dark purplish red-brown. Fore wing with large dark 
patches on the costa and inner margin, just beyond the middle, 
with ferruginous edges ; a narrow nearly regular dark marginal 
band. Hind wing with a similar band from veins 2 to 7 ; the 
outer margin produced to a point at veins 7 and 4, and slightly 
at 6. Underside dark. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

Genus GATHYNIA. 
• ; Gathynia, Wlh. Cat. xxvi, p. 1639 (1862). 

Type, G. miraria, Wlk. 

Mange. Kangra ; Sikhim ; Bombay ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. 

Palpi slender and obliquely porrect ; antennae thickened and 
flattened in both sexes. Fore wing broad, the outer margin 
evenly rounded; vein 5 from just above the middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6 and 7 from angle of cell or on a short stalk ; 8 and 9 
stalked ; 10 and 11 stalked. Hind wing with the costa excised 
and bearing tufts of hair near the base and apex ; outer margin 
produced to points at veins 6 and 4 ; vein 5 from the middle of 
discocellulars ; 6 and 7 from angle of cell ; 8 curved. Male with 
a fold on inner area containing a tuft of long hair, the internal 
veins being distorted. 

The species repose in the form of a cross, with the fore wings 
rolled up at right angles to the body, the hind wings folded close 
against the body. 

/ 3070. Gathynia miraria, Wlk. Cat xxvi, p. 1639 ; C. $ S. no. 3072 ; 
Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, pi. 187, fig. 4. j^ 

Pale fuscous brown ; fore wing; 

with an ochreous subapical patch 

outwardly denned by a dark line.- 

Hind wing with the folds on 

inner area and down the middle 

pale, so that the markings are 

confined to the costal and sub- 

„3lL.L .i i median areas, which are crossed 

by an indistinct antemedial line 

and well-defined brown, black, and pale postmedial line ; a lunu- 

late marginal line. 

Hah. Sikhim; Bombay; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., <$ 28, $ 30* 
millim. 




Gathynia miraria, $ . 



GATHYNIA. — METORTHOOHILUS. 135 

3071. Gathynia simulans, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 81, pi. 133, 6gs. 6, 7. 

Pale reddish brown, irrorated with fuscous. Eore wing with an 
indistinct rufous angulated antemedial line and doubly curved 
post medial line ; a rufous apical patch and dark marginal line. 
Hind wing with a rufous medial line and dark marginal line. 

Hab. Kangra. Exp., <J 24, $ 28 millim, 

3072. Gathynia ferrugata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1651; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. ix ? pi. 157, tig. 7 ; C. $ S. no. 3055. 

J . Antennae rufous; thorax purplish brown; abdomen pale. 
Fore wing purplish fuscous, with traces of antemedial and sub- 
marginal lines ; a ferruginous streak in and beyond the end of 
cell ; a ferruginous apical patch. Hind wing deep purplish 
brown ; the fold on inner area pale ; a ferruginous and ochreous 
patch from the base to lower angle of cell ; ferruginous ante- and 
postmedial angulated lines ; some dark marginal specks. Under- 
side of hind wing pale. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 24 millim. 

3073. Gathynia longipennis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 103, pi. 150 r 

fig. 20. 

5 . Fore wing with the inner margin excised ; the stalk of 
veins 6 and 7 longer. Hind wing with the point at vein 6 longer. 
Uniform dull purplish fuscous, irrorated with darker specks ; both 
wings with traces of a dark postmedial band and indistinct marginal 
lunulate line. 

Hab. Mlgiris. Exp. 26 millim. 

Genus METORTHOOHILUS. 

Metorthocheilus, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 138 (1893). 

Type, M. emarginatwn, Hmpsn. 

Range. Nagas ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. 

Palpi porrect and very minute ; antennge thickened and flattened 
in the male. Eore wing with the outer margin excised below the 
apex ; vein 5 from the middle of the discocellulars ; 6 and 7 on a 
long stalk ; 8 and 9 stalked ; 10 from cell. Hind wing with 
vein 5 from the middle of discocellulars ; 6 and 7 on a long stalk. 

Sect. I. Pore wing with vein 11 given off from 10 and anasto- 
mosing with 12. Hind wing with the costa excised ; the outer 
margin produced to a point at vein 7, then straight to anal 
angle. 

3074. Metorthochilus emarginatum, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 113 

pi. 151, fig. 14. 

J . Pale violaceous brown ; wings irrorated with dark scales. 
Eore wing with traces of curved antemedial and submarginal series 




136 EPIPLEMID^. 

of specks ; a curved series of small dark postmedial lunules ; a 

ferruginous patch on outer mar- 
gin at the excision ; cilia white 
variegated with brown. Hind 
wing similar ; the series of specks 
straighter ; no ferruginous patch 
on outer margin. 

2 • With a fuscous diffused 
pig 74 patch on fore wing beyond the 

Metorthockilus emarginatvm, <$ . \. cell. Underside of hind wing 

with the basal area whitish. 
Hah. Nagas ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., S 22, $ 24 millim. 

Sect. IT. Fore wing with vein 11 from cell and anastomosing 
with 12. Hind wing with the costa not excised, the outer 
margin highly angled at vein 4. 

3075. Metortliochilus excisum, Hmpsn. III. Set. viii, p. 114, pi. 151, 
fig. 13. 

Purplish grey, striated with fuscous ; both wings with indistinct 
postmedial and marginal rufous lines, the former curved. 
Hah. Nilgiris. Exp. 20 millim. 



Genus ATOSSA. 
Atossa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 577. 

Type, A. nelcinna, Moore. 

Range. JST.W. Himalayas ; Naga Hills. 

Antennas bipectinate, with short ciliated branches in the male. 
Palpi short and porrect. Pore wing with the apex produced ; 
vein 3 before end of the cell ; 5 from the middle of the discocel- 
lulars ; 6 from the upper angle ; 7 either stalked with 6 or from 
the angle ; 8, 9, 10 stalked, or 10 absent ; a forked fold in the 
cell, and fold in interno-median interspace. Hind wing with the 
apex produced beyond the outer angle of fore wing ; vein 3 before 
end of the cell ; 5 from the middle of the discocellulars ; 7 from 
before the upper angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Veins 6 and 7 of the fore wing stalked. 

3076. Atossa nelcinna, Moore, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 577, pi. 67, fig. 7 ; 
Elwes, P. Z. S. 1890, pi. 34, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 457. 

J . Antennas, head, and thorax black ; abdomen orange, with 
the vertex black. Pore wing fuscous ; the basal half with pale 
streaks in the interspaces; the outer half with two series of 
rounded spots ; the two spots between veins 5 to 7 of the post- 
medial series placed out of line towards the margin. Hind wing 
similar to the fore wing ; the pale streaks of the basal half larger ; 



ATOSSA. 



137 



the postmedial series of spots with the spot between veins 5 and 
6 only out of line. 

Bob. N.W. Himalayas. Eoop. 82 millim. 

Sect. II. Vein 7 of the fore wing from angle of cell. 

3077. Atossa moorei, Elwes, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 382, pi. 34, fig. 2. 

Differs from nelcinna in the collar, edges of patagia, and 
metathorax being orange ; the abdomen banded orange and black. 
Tore wing yellowish white; the veins and folds whence the 
veinlet in the cell and vein 1 c have disappeared black ; a broad 
irregular medial fuscous band ; outer area fuscous, with an almost 




Fig. 75. — Atossa moorei, $ . \. 

obsolete series of lunulate submarginal pale spots in the inter- 
spaces. Hind wing yellowish white, with the veins dark ; a sub- 
marginal series of black spots, sometimes joined into an irregular 
band ; outer margin fuscous. 

Hab. INagas. Exp., <$ 86, $ 82-90 millim. 

Sect. III. Vein 10 of the fore wing absent. 

3078. Atossa nagaensis, Elwes, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 382, pi. 34, fig. 3. 

c? . Differs from moorei in the fore wing being entirely pale 
fuscous, except for some short pale streaks at the base ; an almost 
obsolete series of postmedial spots, and a prominent conjoined 
series of submarginal lunulate spots. Hind wing with the sub- 
marginal series of dark spots almost entirely obsolete. 

This may prove to be a variety of moorei. 

Hab. Nagas. Exp. 86 millim. 



Species formerly recorded as Indian which is omitted. 

Erosia jiguraria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 850 ; C. & S. no. 3056. 
Type lost ; description not recognizable. 



138 



GEOMETBID^E. 



Family GEOMETEID^E. 

A large family of moths, almost always of slender build, and of 
semidiurnal or crepuscular habits, dominant at the present day. 
Proboscis present or rarely absent. Legs and tarsi slender, 
elongate, and naked, or slightly clothed with hair. Fore wing with 
vein 1 a forming a fork with 1 6, 1 c absent ; vein 5 from or from 
above middle of the discocellulars, 7 rising from 8, 9 *. Hind wing 
with the frenulum usually present, but absent in a few genera ; 




Fig. 76. — Larva of Abraxas leucostola. \. 
(From Hmpsn. 111. Het. ix, pi. 176, fig. 19.) 

vein 1 a very short, apparently absent in some forms ; vein 1 b 
running to anal angle ; 1 c absent ; 8 with a well-developed pre- 
costal spur. 

Larvce with the three anterior pairs of abdominal claspers totally 
aborted, and progressing by bringing the posterior somites close to 
the thoracic, looping the medial somites. In a few T ancestral forms,, 
of the subfamily (Enochromince especially, there is a tendency to 
develop additional prolegs and to a more ordinary mode of pro- 
gression. 

Key to the Subfamilies. 

A. Hind wing with vein 5 obsolete, and with 

no production of the outer margin at the 

termination of the fold that represents it f. 1. Boarmiince. 

B. Hind wing with vein 5 fully developed J. 

a. Hind wing with vein 5 rising much nearer 

6 than 4 6. Oeometrince. 

b. Hind wing with vein 5 from or from below 

middle of discocellulars §. 

a f . Hind wing with vein 8 connected with 

7 by an oblique bar near base 3. Orthostixince. 

b'. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with 7 at base, then rapidly diverging. 5. Acidaliince. 

c. Hind wing with vein 8 free and approx- 
imated to 7 to near middle of cell . . 2. (Enochromince. 

d'. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 
with 7 to beyond middle of cell, or 
connected with it by a bar beyond 
middle of cell . . . / 4. Lar, 



* Except in Cataclysma. 

t Except in Boarmia isometra. 

\ Except in Microloba, $ . 

§ Except in Sarcinodes and Alex. 



BOARMIINJE. 139 

Subfamily BOARMIIN^. 

Hind wing with vein 5 obsolete *, with no production of the outer 
margin at the termination of the fold that represents it, and veins 
6 and 4 considerably approximated ; vein 8 free and running close 
along 7 to about middle of cell, very rarely anastomosing with it. 

In this subfamily a fovea or pit of hyaline membrane on the 
underside of the fore wing at the base of vein 1, probably acting 
as a tympanum, is developed in very many species in the males, 
a character hardly found in any other group of Lepidoptera. 
Another very characteristic structure is the dilatation of the hind 
tibiae in the male, with a fold containing a tuft of long hair acting 
as a scent-organ. 

Key to the Genera. 

A. Hind wing with a tail at vein 4, palpi porrect 

and hairy ; a frontal tuft. 

a. Fore wing with vein 10 absent 1. Urapteryx, 

b. Fore wing with vein 10 present. [p. 144. 
a'. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked ; the tail 

short 2. Sirinopteryx, 

b'. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from the cell. [p. 147. 
a 2 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked 

and anastomosing with 12 3. Thinopteryx, 

b 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 given off from 12 [p. 148. 
and anastomosing with 10, which is stalked 

with 8, 9 4. Xeropteryx, 

B. Hind wing not tailed. [p. 149. 
a. The scaling smooth; the head, thorax, and 

abdomen smooth or moderately hairy. 
a'. Palpi upturned, reaching above vertex of 

head and fringed with hair in front '. 5. Pareumelea, 

V . Palpi upturned, slender, and smoothly scaled. [p. 150, 

a 2 . Hind wing with vein 8 not anastomosing 
with the cell; fore wing with the costa 

excised towards apex, which is falcate . . 6. AuzEODES,p. 150, 
b 2 . Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing with 

the cell 11. Aplochlora, 

c'. Palpi porrect, not reaching beyond the frons, [p. 156, 

and clothed with short hair. 
a 2 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked 
and anastomosing with 12. 
a 3 . Hind wing with vein 7 from angle of cell. 
a 4 . Fore wing with vein 5 from the middle 

of discocellulars 7. Myrteta, p. 151. 

& 4 . Fore wing with vein 5 from near upper 
angle of cell ; antennas of $ thickened 

and flattened 10. Platycerota, 

b 3 . Hind wing with vein 7 from before angle [p. 155. 

Of Cell 15. SCARDAMIA, 

b 2 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 not stalked. [p. 163. 

a 3 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 
« 4 . Fore wing with vein 11 free. 

* Except in Boarmia isometra. 



140 GEOMETEJD^E. 

a 5 . Antennae not unipectinate. 
a 6 . Fore wing with vein 5 from the middle 
of discocellulars. 
a 7 . Fore and hind wings with vein 3 

from the angle of cell 8. Tasta, p. 153. 

b 7 . Fore and hind wings with vein 3 [p. 158. 

from before angle of cell 13. Cabebodes, 

¥. Fore wing with veins 5, 6 stalked ; [p. 164. 

cS with fovea 16. Pebatophyga, 

b'°. Antennae unipectinate in both sexes . . 14. Plutodes, 
bK Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing [p. 160. 

with 12, arising from 8, 9, 10, or from 

cell 9. Bapta, p. 154. 

b s . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 
absent. 
a 4 . Wings clothed with scales and hair ; 

<$ with or without fovea 17. Stegania, p. 164. 

ft 4 . Wings mostly hyaline 39. Zamabada, 

d'. Palpi clothed with much longer hair, por- [p. 198. 
rect, and usually reaching well beyond the 
frons. 
.a 2 . Frenulum present. 
a 3 . Fore wing with the apex not highly 
falcate. 
a i . Wings with the outer margin not angled 
at vein 4. 
a 5 . Fore wing with the inner margin, hind 
wing with the costa evenly curved. 
a G . Fore wing with the apex not produced, 
the outer margin suberect. 
a 7 . Fore wing of normal breadth. 
a s . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 7 10 
stalked. 
« 9 . Fore wing with vein 11 anasto- 
mosing with 12 31. Peetula, p. 188. 

ft 9 . Fore wing with vein 11 free .... 32. Xenogbaphia, 
b H . Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked, [p. 189. 

or from cell. 
d\ Fore and hind wings with vein 3 
from before angle of cell. 
a 10 . Fore wing with the outer margin 
evenly curved. 
a 11 . Fore wing with vein 11 anas- 
tomosing with 12, then with 10. 
a 12 . Fore wing with veins 10, 11 
not connected with 8, 9 by a 

bar; antennae of tf bipectinate. 51. Crocota, p. 220. 
b 12 . Fore wing with veins 10, 11 
connected with 8, 9 by a bar ; 
J with fovea ; antennae with 

two pairs of serrations 73. Dilophodes, 

b 11 . Fore wing with vein 11 [p. 305. 

becoming coincident with 12. . 72. Abbaxas, p. 297. 
ft 10 . Fore wing with the outer margin 

excised below apex 24. Venilia, p. 180. 

<b d . Fore and hind wings with vein 3 

from angle of cell 29. Tlicbinia, p. 186. 



BOARMIINJE. 141 

c s . Fore wing* with veins 10, 11 stalked [p. 187- 

and arising from 7, 8, 9 30. Eurytaphria, 

d 8 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked, 

10 absent. 

a 9 . Palpi slender; hind wing with 

vein 7 from angle of cell ; <$ with 

fovea. 

a 10 . Wings with vein 3 from before 

angle of cell ; antennae of <$ 

thickened and serrate 27. Rumia, p. 183. 

b 10 . Wings with vein 3 from angle of 

cell 43. Tephrina, p. 209. 

b 9 . Palpi much stouter ; hind wing 
with vein 7 from before angle of 

cell 79. Milionia, p. 312. 

b 7 . Fore wing long and narrow. 
a 8 . Abdomen short and not reaching 
far beyond the hind wing. 
a 9 . Head clothed with long hair; fore 
wing with vein 5 from middle of 

discocellulars 74. Onellaba, p. 306. 

b 9 . Head smoothly scaled ; fore wing 
with vein 5 from above middle of 

discocellulars; <5 with fovea. ... 75. Percnia, p. 306. 
b 8 . Abdomen very long and slender. 
a 9 . Antennas not dilated at extremity, 
but thickened by appressed serra- 
tions in tf 76. Obeidia, p. 309. 

b 9 . Antennae long and dilated at 

extremity 77. Vithora, p. 310. 

? 6 . Fore wing with the apex produced, 

the outer margin very oblique. 
a 7 . Fore wing with vein 10 present. 
a 8 . Fore wing with vein 11 connected 
by a bar with 12, and stalked with 
10 ; antennae bipectinated in both 

sexes 19. Hypochrosis *, 

b 8 . Fore wing with vein 11 not con- [p. 170.. 

nected by a bar with 12. 
a 9 . Both wings with vein 3 from angle 
of cell ; fore wing with vein 11 
anastomosing with 12. 
a 10 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 
from before angle of cell ; an- 
tennae bipectinated in both sexes. 20. Prionia, p. 174. 
b 10 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 from 
angle of cell ; antennae simple 

in $ 21. Eurymene, 

b 9 . Both wings with vein 3 from before [p. 177. 

angle of cell. 
a 10 . Fore wing with vein 5 from the 
middle of discocellulars. 
a 11 . Large stoutly built moths ; $ 

with fovea 59. Dalima, p. 237. 



* In H. pulchraria the palpi are upturned aud reach vertex of head. 



142 



geometrid^;. 



b 11 . Small, slenderly built moths ; 
fore wing with vein 11 con- 
nected with 12, or 8, 9, 10 ; [p. 179 
antennae of tf bipectinated . . 23. Heterolocha, 
b 10 . Fore wing with vein 5 from 
above middle of discocellulars ; 
antenna? of <$ thickened and 
flattened. 
a 11 . Palpi long. 
a 12 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 

10 stalked 25. Loxaspilates, 

b 12 . Fore wing with veins 10 ; 11 [p. 181. 

stalked . . . . . 22. Anonychia, 

b 11 . Palpi reaching just beyond the [p. 178. 

frons ; fore wing with veins 10 
and 11 from cell, anastomosing [p. 182. 

with 12 and with 8, 9 26. Stenorumia, 

b 7 . Fore wing with vein 10 absent .... 37. Luxiaria, p. 195. 
b 5 . Fore wing with the inner margin, hind 
wing with the costa excised ; <$ with 

a very large fovea 28. Corymica, 

b^. Hind wing with the outer margin angled [p. 185. 

at vein 4. 
a 5 . Both wings with vein 3 from angle of 
cell ; antennae of $ simple, ciliated or 
serrate. 
a 6 . Fore wing with vein 10 present .... 33. Spilopera, 
b 6 . Fore wing with vein 10 absent; tf [p. 190. 

with fovea : 42. Macaria, p. 201. 

b 5 . Both wings with vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; antennae of <$ bipec- 
tinated , , 12. Metrocampa, 

c 4 . Hind wing with the outer margin pro- [p. 157, 

duced to points at veins 4 and 7 ; fore 

wing with veins 10 and 11 free 45. Orsonoba, 

b 3 . Fore wing with the apex highly falcate. [p. 211. 

a 4 . Fore wing with vein 5 from the middle 
of discocellulars in both sexes. 
a 5 . Hind wing with the outer margin not 
produced to a point at vein 7. 
a 6 . Fore wing with vein 10 absent ; hind 
wing with the outer margin crenulate 

in <S , angled in $ 41. Zeheba, p. 200. 

b 6 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked 
and anastomosing with 12 ; hind 
wing with the outer margin angled 

in both sexes ; <$ with fovea 44. Oxymacaria, 

6 5 . Hind wing with the outer margin pro- [p. 211. 

duced to a point at vein 7 ; <$ with 

fovea , 40. Krananda, 

6 4 . Fore wing with vein 5 from above [p. 199. 

middle of discocellulars and obolescent [p. 212. 

in 2 j c? w ith fovea 46. Hyposidra, 

b 2 . Frenulum absent; palpi very long 78. Genusa, p. 311. 

e'. Palpi with the 2nd joint obliquely upturned 
and thickly clothed with hair, the 3rd naked 
and porrect. 
a 2 . Eyes not hairy. 



boaemiin^;. 143 

a 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 
7, 8, 9, or from cell. 
« 4 . Fore wing with the apex hardly pro- 
duced. 
a 5 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 
« 6 . Outer margin of both wings rounded. 
a 7 . Frons with a sharp tuft, the 2nd joint 
of palpi not reaching vertex of 
head; <$ usually with a fovea to 

fore wing 49. Hyperythra, 

b 7 . Frons without a tuft; the 2nd joint [p. 218. 

of palpi reaching vertex of head ; 
<$ usually with a fovea to hind 

wing 47. Dilinia, p. 216. 

b 6 . Outer margin of fore wing rounded, of 

hind wing angled at vein 4 36. Khynchobapta, 

c 6 . Outer margin of both wings angled at [p. 194. 

vein 4 52. Psyra, p. 221. 

b 5 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 from 
cell. 
a 6 . Thorax smoothly scaled. 
a 7 . Both wings with the outer margin 

evenly curved 50. Anthyperythra, 

b 1 . Both wings with the outer margin [p. 220. 

crenulate or angled. 
a 8 . Fore wing with the outer margin 
suberect ; antennas pectinated in 

both sexes 53. Pericallia, 

b 8 . Fore wing with the outer margin [p. 223. 

oblique ; antennas simple in $ ... . 55. Leptomtza, 
6 6 . Thorax clothed with fine long woolly [p. 228. 

hair 56. Crocallis,p.231. 

¥. Fore wing with the apex produced to a 

long sharp point 58. Heteromiza, 

b 3 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked. [p. 236. 

a 4 . Frenulum absent 34. Hypulia, p. 193. 

5 4 . Frenulum present. 
a 5 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 con- 
nected with 12, and with 8, 9 18. Synegia, p. 167. 

b h . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 not 

connected with 12, or with 8, 9 35. Nadagara, 

c 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 absent. [p. 193. 
a 4 . Fore wing with the outer margin . 
oblique ; hind wing of <$ with the cell 
short, and veins 4, 6 ; 7 closely approx- 
imated ; the margin angled 38. Cassyma, p. 197. 

6 4 . Fore wing with the outer margin sub- 
erect, hind wing with it rounded 48. Hypephyra, 

b 2 . Eyes hairy. [p. 218. 

a 3 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked [p. 224. 

and connected with 12, and with 8, 9 . . 54. Fascelliwa, 
b 3 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 free .... 57. Gar^us, p. 233. 
b. Scaling rougher and more mixed with hair ; 
head, thorax, and palpi very hairy. 
a'. Palpi upturned and fringed with hair in 
front. 
a 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 from the cell. 



144 GEOMETRIDJB. 

a 3 . Fore wing- with apex produced ; hind 

wing with the outer margin produced [p. 241, 

at vein 4 60. Amblychia, 

b 3 . Fore wing with the apex, hind wing 

with the outer margin rounded 63. Elphos, p. 249. 

b 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 given off from 12 . 61. Chorodna, 
b'. Palpi porrect. [p. 243, 

a 2 . Wings broad, the outer margin of fore 
wing suberect. 
a 3 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 
11 free ; the apex rounded ; <$ with 

fovea ; the cilia non-crenulate 64. Xandrames, 

b 3 . Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 from the [p. 250. 

cell or stalked ; the cilia crenulate. 
« 4 . Fore wing with the costa not arched 
at base ; the apex quadrate ; tf with no 

fovea 65. Gnophus, p. 251. 

6 4 . Fore wing with the costa arched at base ; 

the apex rounded ; <$ with fovea .... 6Q. Bylazora, p. 253. 
c 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 free ; 11 from 12 ; 
the apex rounded ; the cilia non-crenu- 
late 67. Ophthalmodes, 

b 2 . "Wings narrower ; fore wing with the apex [p. 255. 
more produced and the outer margin 
oblique. 
a 3 . Hind wing with the cell extending to two- 
thirds length of wing ; palpi short ..... 62. Biston, p. 245. 
b 3 . Hind wing with the cell normal, about 
half the length of wing ; palpi longer. 
« 4 . Hind wing with the outer margin 
rounded. 
a 5 . Fore wing with vein 11 not given off 
from 12. _ 
a 6 . WiDgs with the outer margin crenu- 
late 68. Boarmia, p. 256. 

¥\ Wings with the outer margin non- [p. 290. 

crenulate ; vein 11 free ; S with fovea. 70. Arichanna, 

b 5 . Fore wing with vein 11 given off from [p. 283. 

12 69. Medasina, 

6 4 . Hind wing with the outer margin 

irregular, and more or less produced or [p. 295. 

angled at veins 4 and 7 71. Erebomorpha, 



Genus UEAPTEEYX. 
Urapteryx, Leach, Zool. Misc. i, p. 79 (1814). 

Type, IT. sambucaria, Linn., from Europe. 

Mange. Falsearctic and Oriental regions. 

Antennae simple and somewhat thickened and flattened ; palpi 
short and porrect, meeting a slight frontal tuft. Fore wing arched 
towards apex, which is somewhat produced and acute ; vein 3 from 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from upper angle ; 10 absent ; 11 
anastomosing with 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle o£ 
cell. 



TTKAPTERYX. 145 

Sect. I. Outer margin o£ hind wing with a long tail at vein 4 
and angulation at vein 6. 

3079. Urapteryx primularis, Butl. 111. Ret. vi, p. 49, pi. 113, fig. 4; 

C. $ & no. 3109. 

3 . Bright primrose-yellow ; palpi, frons, and antennae rufous ; 
abdomen white. Tore wing with the costa whitish, and with nume- 
rous fuscous striae from it ; ante- and postmedial nearly straight, 
outwardly-oblique, fulvous bands ; a medial band from costa to 
lower angle of cell with some orange on it ; some fuscous striae on 
submarginal area ; a dark marginal line ; the cilia orange. Hind 
wing with a fulvous band from upper angle of cell to near anal 
angle, where it is joined by a submarginal band of fuscous strige 
and numerous striae on the inner area ; a black and fuscous 
blotch below the tail and two at its base, the upper one with an 
orange spot on it ; a dark marginal line ; the cilia orange, except 
at veins 4 and 6. 

Hah. Nepal ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 80 millim. 

v 

3080. Urapteryx sciticaudaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1480 ; Butl. III. 

Met. vi, pi. 113, fig. 5 ; C. fy S. no. 3107 (part.). 

c? . Differs from primularis in being paler and more ochreous 
yellow. Pore wing with the bands narrower; the submarginal 
striae tending to coalesce into a band. Hind wing with the band 
narrower ; the submarginal striae and those on inner area obso- 
lescent ; the dark blotch below the tail absent. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 

3081. tlrapteryx marginata, Hmpsn. III. Set. viii, p. 104, pi. 150, 

fig. 17. 

Differs from sciticaudaria in being paler ; palpi and frons pale 
rufous. Fore wing with the bands narrower and more erect ; the 
submarginal striae diffused; the marginal line black; the cilia 
fuscous. Hind wing with the spots below veins 3 and 4 deep 
black ; the marginal line scarlet from apex to above tail and to- 
wards anal angle ; the cilia fuscous. 

Bab. Nilgiris ; Shevaroys. Exp. 58 millim. 

3082. Urapteryx ebuleata, Guen. Thai, i, p. 32 ; C. $ S. no. 3102. Z 

Urapteryx kantalaria, Feld. Beis. Nov. pi. 122, fig. 3. 

Urapteryx multistrigaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1535; C. $ S 

no. 3106. / 
Urapteryx yerburii, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 388 ; C. $ S. no. 311] 

3 . Differs from sciticaudaria in being paler ; the palpi and frons 
pale. Wings nearly uniformly striated with fuscous ; fore wing 
without dark striae on costa. 
2 . White. 

VOL. III. £ 



146 GEOMETRIC. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Shillong. Exp., 
6 60-68, $ 60-84 millim. 




Fig. 77. — Urapteryx ebuleata, $ . \. 

3083. Urapteryx picticaudata, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 12 ; a fy S. no. 3107. 
Urapteryx clara, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 120 ; id. III. Met. 

iv, pi. 113, fig. 6 ; C. $ 8. no. 3103. 

$ . Differs from sciticaudaria in being almost white. Fore 
wing with the strise more evenly disposed ; the ante- and post- 
medial lines often approaching each other towards inner margin ; 
the cilia redder. Hind wing with the cilia much redder. 

Bab. Simla ; Sikhim ; Nagas ; Khasis ; Borneo. Exp. 58 millim. 

3084. Urapteryx podaliriata, Guen. Phal. i, p. 32 ■ C. $ S. no. 3108. 

Differs from picticaudata in the palpi and frons being white. 
.Fore wing with the antemedial line nearer the base. Hind wing 
with the band from upper angle of cell running along vein 3 and 
joined to a prominent submarginal band ; the base of tail, which is 
very long, striated with fuscous ; the upper spot very prominent 
and red ; the marginal line on each side of tail black. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Moulmein ; Tenasserim ; Singapore ; Java ; 
Borneo. Exp., <3 60, $ 70 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with the tail very short. 

3085. Urapteryx pluristrigata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 318; C. fy S. 

no. 3108 a. 

Differs from picticaudata in being pure white ; the palpi and frons 
white. Eore wing evenly striated with pale fuscous ; the bands 
and cilia pale fuscous. Hind wing with the cilia faintly tinged 
with rufous. 

Hab. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 54 millim. 

3086. Urapteryx margaritata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 612 ; Waterh. 

Aid, ii, pi. 184, fig. 1 ; C. Sf S. no. 3105. 

<$ . Differs from pluristrigata in being much less striated with 
fuscous. Fore wing with narrow oblique medial and postmedial red 
lines. Hind wing with the bent line narrow and red ; the upper 
spot on tail large and crimson ; both wings with the cilia red. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 50 millim. 



UKAPTERX. — SIRItfOPTEEYX. 147 

Sect. III. Outer margin of hind wing with scarcely a trace of 
angulation at vein 6 and only a short pointed tail at vein 4. 

" 3087. Urapteryx excellens, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 99, pi. 135, fig. 13. 

$ . Differs from primularis in being paler and more ochreous ; 
palpi and frons whitish. Fore wing with the bands fuscous, the 
antemedial band more oblique and joined by a fuscous streak from 
base on vein 1 ; the margins and cilia fuscous. Hind wing with a 
curved postmedial fuscous band showing through from underside, 
and running from the costa to near anal angle, where it is joined 
by a line from the base along vein 1 and an oblique line from above 
vein 4; the areas at anal angle and towards apex irrorated with 
dark specks ; the submarginal area orange-yellow ; an almost mar- 
ginal series of black lunules ; the cilia fuscous. Underside with 
the markings stronger than on upperside. 

Hob. Kashmir. Exp. 51 millim. 



Genus SIRINOPTERYX. 

Sirinopteryx, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 201 (1883). 

Type, S. rufivinctata, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; JNagas. 

Differs from Urapteryx in the fore wing having vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 10 present, arising from the cell, anastomosing 
with 11, and then with 8 and 9, thus forming a double areole. 
Hind wing with the outer margin produced to a point at vein 4 ; 
vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; 6 and 7 on a short stalk. 
Hind tibiae hardly thickened. 

13088. ^Sirinopteryx rufivinctata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1747 ; C. $ S. 

So. 3113. 

Urapteryx quadripunctata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 613 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3110. 
' Sirinopteryx rufilineata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 385. 

Bright sulphur-yellow ; 
palpi, frons, and antenna? 
marked with pale rufous; 
wings irrorated with small 
fuscous spots. Fore wing 
with oblique pale rufous 
medial and postmedial lines ; 
the costa and cilia rufous. 
Hind wing with slightly 
Fig. 78.— Sirinopteryx rufivinctata, tf . \. curved medial rufous line ; 

the cilia rufous. 
The form quadripunctata has rufous spots at end of cell of each 
wing ; the oblique lines obsolescent ; the postmedial line waved. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 44-50 millim. 

12 




148 



GEOMETRIC. 



3089. Sirinopteryx undulifera, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 385. 

Differs from rufivinctata in being ochreous ; the lines more 
oblique ; the postmedial line of fore wing waved and arising from 
apex ; a speck at end of cell of each wing. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 50 millim. 



V 



Genus THINOPTERYX. 



Thinopteryx, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 202 (1883). 

Type, T. crocoptera, Koll. 

Range. Japan ; China ; throughout India and Ceylon ; Anda- 
man s ; Java. 

Differs from Urapteryoc in the antennae of the male being fasci- 
culated ; the palpi slightly longer. Eore wing with the apex more 
produced ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 from before 
upper angle ; 10 present and given off from 11 after its anasto- 
mosis with 12. Hind wing with the outer margin angled below 
apex, and tailed at vein 4 ; vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3090. Thinopteryx crocoptera, Koll. HugeVs Kaschmir, iv, p. 483 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3114. jT 
Thinopteryx nebulosa, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 203, id. III. 

Ret. vi, pi. 113, fig. 8 ; C. $ S. no. 3115. / 
Thinopteryx striolata, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 202. 
Uraptervx prsetoraria, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 122, fig. 13 j C. fy S. 

no. 3116. / 
Thinopteryx citrina, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 401. 

Orange-yellow ; head and collar white, irrorated with fuscous ; 
wings with numerous orange strigse more or less combined into 
patches. Pore wing with the costa white, irrorated with fuscous ; 




Fig. 79. — Thinopteryx crocoptera, $. \. 

ante- and postmedial oblique fuscous lines, sometimes slightly 
curved ; a fuscous line on discocellulars ; a submarginal more or 
less lunulate line, often reduced to a series of specks towards costa. 



THINOPTERYX. XEROPTERYX. 149 

Hind wing with a fuscous line on discocellulars ; a double sub- 
marginal line angled at base of tail ; a patch of fuscous on tail. 

Dark blotches are often present at end of cell of both wings : 
prcetoraria, from Sylhet, is yellower, and thickly irrorated with 
fuscous striae ; whilst in nebulosa almost the whole of the wings, as 
far as the submarginal line, is suffused with fuscous brown. The 
Japan form striolata is thickly irrorated with fuscous and orange 
striae ; and another form has prominent orange striae and fuscous 
patches. 

Hab. Japan : China ; throughout India and Ceylon ; Andamans ; 
Java. Exp. 70-80 millim. 

^ Genus XEROPTERYX. 

Xeropteryx, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 203 (1883). 

Type, X. columbicola, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sumatra ; Borneo. 

Differs from Urapteryx in the palpi being slightly longer ; an- 
tennae of male ciliated ; hind tibiae with a tuft of long hair from base 
on the outer side. Tore wing with vein 3 from before angle of 
cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked from before angle of cell ; 10 anastomosing 
with 11, which is given off from 12. Hind wing with the outer 
margin tailed at vein 4 ; vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

• 
3091. Xeropteryx columbicola, Wlk. Ca£.xx,p.ll; C. $ 8. no. 3112. 
v Xeropteryx simplicior, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc. xvii, p. 204. 

Pale brown ; the wings thickly striated with pale fuscous. Eore 
wing with a submarginal yellowish hyaline spot on vein 5 and large 
crescent-shaped patch below it; the cilia whitish. Hind wing 




Fig. 80. — Xeropteryx columbicola, $ . 



with black speck at end of cell ; large fulvous patch on middle of 
outer area ; the cilia whitish ; the tail almost covered by three 
blackish spots. Underside with some blackish submarginal 
patches. 

The form simplicior, from Sumatra and Borneo, is without the 
hyaline spot and crescent on fore wing. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sumatra ; Borneo. Exp. 58 millim. 



150 



GEOMETKID^. 



Genus PAREUMELEA. 

Pareumelea, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 401 (1894). 

Type, P. fimbriata, Cram. 

Range. Burma ; Andamans ; Malacca ; Singapore ; Sumatra ; 
Borneo. 

Palpi upturned, reaching just above vertex of head ; antennae 
of male serrate and fasciculate ; hind tibise dilated. Pore wing 
with the outer margin angled at vein 5, then oblique to outer 
angle ; vein 3 from just before angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked from 
before upper angle ; 10 from cell and anastomosing with 11, which 
is given off from 12. Hind wing with the outer margin crenulate 
from apex to vein 4, where it is produced to a slight point ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell, 6, 7 from upper angle. 

3092. Pareumelea fimbriata, Cram. Pap. Exot. iv, p. 236, pi. 398, 
fig. N; C. 8f 8. no. 3641. 

Eumelea eugeniata, Guen. Phal. i, p. 394. 

Eumelia flagrata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 127, fig. 39; C. 8c S. 
no. 3542. 

<J . Yellowish, suffused with brown ; wings thickly irrorated 
with brown. Pore wing with the costal half much suffused with 
brown ; an oblique antemedial brown line below the cell ; a dark 
speck at end of cell ; a yellow spot on vein 4, and ill-defined spots 
below apex and at outer angle. Hind wing with a dark speck at 
end of cell ; traces of a curved postmedial line ; a lunulate sub- 
marginal line, with the area beyond it yellower. 




Pig. 81. — Pareumelea fimbriata, <$. \. 

Hob. Moulmein ; Audamans ; Malacca ; Singapore ; Sumatra ; 
Borneo. Exp. 60 millim. 



Genus AUZEODES. 

Auzeodes, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 404. 

Type, A. nir/roseriata, Warr. 
Range. Burma. 



AUZEODES. — MYRTETA. 



151 



Palpi sleuder, smooth, and reaching beyond the frons ; antennae 
of male simple. Fore wing with the costa excised beyond the 
middle, the apex arched and falcate ; the outer margin excised 
below apex, then excurved ; vein 3 before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked before upper angle; 10 absent; 11 free. Hind wing with 
the inner margin long ; vein 3 before angle of cell. 

3093. Auzeodes nigroseriata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 405. 

c? . Rufous, irrorated 
with silvery scales ; the 
head chocolate; a post- 
medial series of black spots 
from vein 4 to inner mar- 
gin of each wing; fore 
wing with a black mark 
on costa before apex. 
Fig. 82.— Auzeodes nigroseriata, <S . f. Underside vinous, suffused 

with fuscous. 
Hab. E. Pegu. Exp. 42 millim. 




>_ Genus MYRTETA. 

Myrteta, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 831 (1861). 
Micronidia, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 258 (1887). 
Orthocabera, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 439 (1879). 
Microniodes, Hmpsn. III. Set. ix, p. 139 (1893). 

Type, M. planaria, "Wlk. 

Bange. Japan ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi slender and porrect, not reaching beyond frons. Pore 
wing with vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked 
from just before upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked and anastomosing 
with 12. Hind wing with vein 8 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinated, the branches short ; 
hind tibiae dilated. 

A. (Myrteta). Hind wing with the outer margin rounded. 

3094. Myrteta planaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 831 ; Butt. III. Set. vi, 
pi. 118, fig. 9; C.8fS. no. 4027. 

"Whitish, slightly suffused 
with fuscous ; frons red- 
brown. Pore wing with 
outwardly oblique anteme- 
dial, medial, and postme- 
dial brown lines ; a diffused 
W ' V \\\V submarginal line and dark 

marginal line ; the outer 
Fig. 83.— Myrteta planaria, <$ . \. area slightly striated and 

suffused with brown. Hind 
wing with two indistinct elbowed lines from near lower angle of 




152 GEOMETKID^!. 

cell to anal angle, which is suffused with orange, and with a brown 
spot on the margin before it ; a submarginal band of brown striae 
and suffusion ; a dark marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38-46 millim. 

3095. Myrteta luteifrons, Swinh. Trans. JEnt. Soc, 1894, p. 193, pi. 2, 

tig. 14. 

2 . "White, slightly irrorated with pale fuscous ; antennae and 
frons pale fulvous. Fore wing with the costa slightly tinged with 
fulvous ; a cell-speck ; crenulate antemedial, medial, postmedial, 
and submarginal slightly oblique lines. Hind wing with cell- 
speck and crenulate antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal lines ; 
cilia of both wings brown. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

3096. Myrteta sericea, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 439. / 

* Orthocabera brunneiceps, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 387, pi. 31, fig. 23. 

<$ . "White ; the head fulvous ; abdomen tinged with fulvous. 
Fore wing with a fulvous streak above vein 5 to the discocellulars, 
where it becomes double and slightly waved and runs to base of 
inner margin ; a double slightly waved line from below apex to 
middle of inner margin ; a similar submarginal line with a single 
line beyond it ; a marginal line. Hind wing with subbasal line ; 
double medial line and single submarginal and marginal lines. 

Hab. Japan ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3097. Myrteta fuscolineata, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 137. 

2 . Differs from sericea in the markings being pale fuscous. 
Tore wing irrorated with fuscous ; the antemedial oblique line 
recurved at middle of cell to the costa ; the submarginal line less 
oblique and arising from the costa before apex, with two waved 
lines beyond it. Hind wing with cell-speck ; the medial line 
single ; two waved submarginal lines. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 34 millim. 

3098. Myrteta ocernaria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 152. 

<5 . "White ; head fulvous. Fore wing with the costa brown ; a 
minute speck at end of cell ; an oblique diffused line from apex to 
middle of inner margin ; a submarginal line reduced to specks 
towards apex. Hind wing with subbasal and medial oblique 
diffused lines ; a well-defined postmedial line. 

Hab. Khasis ; Pulo Laut ; Borneo. Exp. 40 millim. 

3099. Myrteta subvitrea, n. sp. 

c?. Differs from ocernaria in being semihyaline white. Fore 
wing with the black-irrorated brown costa broader ; hind wing with 
the postmedial line diffused ; the margin produced to a point, with 
a prominent dark spot on it at vein 7. 

Hab. Sikhim {Dudgeon). Exp. 40 millim. Type in B.M. 



MYKTETA.— TASTA. 153 

B. (Microniodes). Hind wing with the outer margin angled 
at vein 4. 

v/ 

3100. Myrteta obliqua, Hmpsn. 111. Het. ix, p. 139, pi. 168, fig. 21. 

2 • White ; head fulvous ; the f rons white. Wings irrorated 
with brown. Fore wing with the costa brown ; a speck at end of 
cell ; an oblique line from apex to middle of inner margin ; a sub- 
marginal series of specks and marginal line. Hind wing with 
subbasal and medial oblique lines; a diffused submarginal band of 
specks ; a marginal line. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 52 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male serrate ; hind tibiae not dilated and 
with no tuft of hairs ; hind wing with the outer margin pro- 
duced to a slight lobe at veins 3 and 4. 

3101. 'Myrteta subpunctata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 387, pi. 31, fig. 11. 

3 . Differs from simpliciata in the postmedial line of both wings 
being nearer the submarginal, and with dark specks on it at the 
veins ; cilia white. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 45 millim. 

Sect. III. {Micronidia). Antennas of male almost simple ; hind 
tibiae with a long tuft of hair on outer side from base ; hind 
wing with the outer margin lobed. 

3102. Myrteta simpliciata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 646 ; C. fy S. 

no. 4019. 
^Micronidia unipimcta, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 387. 

White. Fore wing with some brown striae from the costa; 
antemedial, medial, postmedial, and submarginal slightly waved 
brown bands ; a marginal dark line. Hind wing with broad medial 
band meeting the slightly waved postmedial and submarginal bands 
near anal angle ; a marginal dark line ; two black spots at the lobe ; 
cilia of both wings pale fuscous. 

The form unipuncta has one spot on the marginal lobe of 
hind wing. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus TASTA. 

Tasta, Wlh. Cat. xxvi, p. 1569 (1862). 
• Dissopthalmus, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 219 (1880). 

Type. T. micacea, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Burma ; Borneo. 

Palpi very slender, porrect, and not reaching beyond frons ; 
antennae simple ; legs naked. Pore wing with the apex rounded ; 
vein 3 from angle of cell ; 5 from just above middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked from before upper angle. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 




154 geometkidtE. 

Sect. I. Male with the retiDaculum small. 

3103. Tasta micaceata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1570. 
Dissopthalmus iridis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 219. 

Grey; wings with the basal 
two-thirds suffused with purple 
and irrorated with silver scales. 
Fore wing with a series of silvery- 
blue subinarginal spots, largest 
towards costa. Hind wing with 
silvery-blue submarginal band ex- 
Fig. 84.- Tasta micaceata, tf. \. panding at middle and embracing 

a black-pupilled ocellus with 
yellow iris and black outer line. Underside purplish white, with 
dark marginal band. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Borneo. Exp. 32 millim. 

Sect. II. Male with the retinaculum a large corneous plate. 

3104. Tasta sectinota, n. sp. 

<$ . Yellowish white ; head fuscous ; wings with the basal three- 
fourths irrorated with silver ; traces of a postmedial fuscous band ; 
a submarginal series of silver spots ; cilia silver and gold ; fore 
wing with a fuscous patch near apex, on which is a black spot with 
yellow outline, and divided by a yellow line. 

Hah. E. Pegu (Dolwrty). Exp. 36 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 



Genus BAPTA. 



Bapta, Steph. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 294 (1829). 
Leucetsera, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 405 (1894). 

Type, B. bimaculata, Eabr., from Europe. 

Range. Nearctic, Palaearctic, and Oriental regions ; Solomons. 

Differs from Myrteta in the antennae of male being almost 
simple ; hind tibiae hardly dilated. Eore wing with vein 3 from 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked from before upper angle. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Leucetcera). Eore wing with vein 11 stalked with 
7, 8, 9, 10, anastomosing with 12 and then with 10. 

3105. Bapta inamata, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 755; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 185, fig. 4 ; C.Sf S. no. 3232. _ 
Acidalia simpliciaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 793. 
Noreia luciferata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1093. 

"White, irrorated with black ; frons rufous. Eore wing with the 
costa fulvous ; a speck at end of cell ; an indistinct line from 
origin of vein 2 to inner margin ; a postmedial fulvous and yellow 
line from below costa. Hind wing with speck in cell ; a fulvous 



BAPTA. — PLATTCEROTA. 155 

and yellow postinedial line ; the cilia of both wings fulvous, with 
the tips fuscous. 

Typical iaamata is wholly suffused with ochreous, and has the 
oblique line indistinct. 

Bab. Sylhet ; Nilgiris j Ceylon ; Sumatra ; Borneo. Exp. 32- 
36 millim. 

3106. Bapta deletaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 261, pi. 8, fig. 14 : C. $ S. 
, no. 3608. ^ 

Macaria indistincta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 261 ; C. 8? 8. no. 3611. 

S • Brownish flesh-colour, with a silvery tinge. Head purple- 
brown. Fore wing with the costa purple-brown ; some indistinct 
purplish marks towards end of cell ; a very indistinct postmedial 
band ; a submarginal series of specks ; cilia purple-brown. Hind 
wing with traces of ante- and postmedial lines ; the cilia purple- 
brown. 

Bab. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

Sect. II. {Bapta). Fore wing with vein 11 from the cell, then 
anastomosing with 12 and then with 10. 

3107. Bapta platyleucata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1628; C. $ 8. 

no. 3594. 

3 . White, thickly irrorated with fuscous ; palpi and frons rufous. 
Fore wing with the costa fulvous ; a dark speck at end of cell ; 
indistinct medial, postmedial, and submarginal bands of fuscous 
specks. Hind wing with a dark speck at end of cell ; postmedial 
and submarginal bands of fuscous specks. 

Bab. G-ulmarg, Kashmir ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

3108. Bapta mytylata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 58 ; C. $ 8. no. 3604. 
Cabera margarita, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 647 ; C. $ 8. no. 3593. 
Corycia alba, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 261 ; C. fy S. no. 3602. 
Bapta griseola, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 386. 

Differs from platyleucata in 
being much less irrorated with 
fuscous ; the bands of specks 
obsolescent and narrow. 

The frons sometimes is partly 
white. It may be a variety of 

Kg. So-Bapta mytylata, J . h ^^N. W. Himalayas ; Thim- 
diani, Punjab ; Sikhim j Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

Genus PLATYCER0TA. 

Platycerota, Smpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 141 (1893). 

Type, P. spilotelaria, "Wlk. 

Range. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. 

Palpi hairy and not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae of 




156 geometeim;. 

male flattened and thickened with appressed serrations ; hind 
tibiae not dilated. Pore wing with the apex rounded ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 7, 8, 
9 stalked from before angle of cell; 10 and 11 stalked, 11 anasto- 
mosing with 12, and 10 with 8 and 9. Hind wing with vein 3 
from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 from cell. 
i 

3109. Platycerota spilotelaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1519; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. viii, pi. 149, figs. 5, 6, 11, 12 ; C. 8? S. no. 3172. 
11 Anisodes inapertaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1581 ; C. fy S. no. 3567. 

£ . Beddish brown, irrorated with black ; abdomen with two 
black dorsal spots. Fore wing with indistinct sinuous antemedial 
line ; black speck at end of cell ; an oblique postmedial line arising 
from below the apex, often from a white apical patch or from a 
black and white subapical spot. Hind wing with black specks at 
end of cell and oblique postmedial line. 

The postmedial line of both wings may be white ; the irroration 
may be very slight or prominent, or there may be fuscous suffusion 
on the antemedial line of fore wing and postmedial line of each wing. 

$ . Usually yellower brown in tone. 

Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp., tf 36, $ 40 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 given off from 7, 8, 9. 

3110. Platycerota punctilineata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 141, pi. 169, 

fig. 8. 

2 • Red-brown. Fore wing with the base of costa blackish ; an 
antemedial series of black specks ; a speck at end of cell ; a post- 
medial curved and waved line, with some black suffusion inside it 
on inner area, and black suffusion and patches beyond it. Hind 
wins: with speck at end of cell and curved postmedial series of 
specks. 

Hah. Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 



Genus APL0CHL0RA. 

Aplochlora, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 386. 

Type, A. vivilaca, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Bombay Presidency ; Ceylon. 

Palpi slender, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head, the 3rd 
porrect ; antennae of male thickened by appressed serrations ; 
abdomen of male with the anal tuft cylindrical ; hind tibiae not 
dilated. Pore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 
10, 11 stalked from before upper angle, 10 and 11 being stalked, 
anastomosing with 12, and 10 anastomosing with 8, 9. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; 8 anastomosing with 
cell at middle. 



APLOCHLORA. — METROCAMPA. 



is: 



3111. Aplochlora vivilaca, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 544; Moore, Zap. Ceyl. 
in, pi. LW; tig-. 3; C. $ S. no. 3534. 

Uniform pale dull green ; the frons dark rufous ; a dark speck 
at end of cell of each wing. 




Fig. 86. — Aplochlora vivilaca, rf . ]. 
Hob. Sikhini; Bombay; Khandala ; Ceylon. Exp. MmilYim. 



Genus METROCAMPA. 

Metrocampa, Latr. Fam. Nat. Reg. An. p. 477 (1825). 
Tanaoctenia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 464 (1894). 

Type, M. honoraria, Denis, from Europe. 

Range. Nearctic and Palaearctic regions ; Sikhhn ; Khasis. 

Differs from Myrteta in the palpi being longer, more porrect, 
and clothed with longer hair ; antennae of male bipectinated to 
apex ; fore tibiae with the process on inner side long, thin, and 
reaching beyond the end of the tibia, with a tuft of hair from its 
base. Fore wing with vein 10 given off from 7, 8, and 9, and an- 
astomosing with 11 after its anastomosis with 12. 



Sect. I. Both sexes with the shaft of antennae clothed with 
large white scales at base. 



^ 



3112. Metrocampa haliaria, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 518; Butl. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 117, fig. 7 ; C. $ S. no. 3442. 
Geoinetra decoraria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1601. 

S . Bright green ; palpi, frons, and antennae rufous ; vertex of 
head and shaft of antennae white. Wings with traces of pale 




Fig. 87. — Metrocampa 



ria, S- t- 



striae. Fore wing with the costa white, rufous at base ; an in- 
distinct outwardly-oblique antemedial white line nearly joined on 
inner margin by a more prominent line from apex ; a rufous speck 
at end of cell. Hind wing with white antemedial line, and with a 



158 geometric. 

large rufous patch below end of cell ; cilia of both wings white, 
brownish at base. Underside suffused with whitish ; hind wing 
with sinuous whitish line from apex joining the antemedial line on 
inner margin. 

5 . Without the rufous patch on hind wing. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42-50 milliui. 

Sect. II. Shaft of antennas not clothed with scales at base. 

3113. Metrocampa biseriata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 249 ; C. ty S. 

no. 3433. 

2 . Bright green above, white beneath ; abdomen with black 
patch towards extremity. Fore wing with ante- and p.ostmedial 
series of rufous specks ; a speck at end of cell ; two black marks 
below costa near apex. Hind wing with traces of medial series 
of specks ending in a black mark on inner margin ; cilia of both 
wings ochreous white. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 

Genus CABERODES. 

Caberodes, Gum. Phal i, p. 135 (1857). 
Nothonriza, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 443 (1894). 

Type, C. achromaria, Guen. 

Range. Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Differs from Metrocampa in the palpi being slighter and not 
reaching beyond the frons ; fore tibia with the process normal. 
Tore wing with vein 10 not anastomosing with 11, which is free. 
Hind wing with the outer margin rounded. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male thickened and flattened. 

3114. Caberodes dentisignata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 636 ; Waterh. 

Aid, ii, pi. 151, fig. 4 j C. $ S. no. 3435. 
Geometra grata, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 129 ; id. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 117, fig. 6. j C.SfS. no. 3441. 

S . Glaucous green ; palpi and antennas brownish ; abdomen 




Fig. 88. — Caberodes dentisignata, J. \. 

white ; wings slightly striated with rufous. Fore wing with in- 
distinct antemedial sinuous rufous line, angled below costa ; a dark 



CABEEODES. 159 

speck at end of cell ; a postmedial line angled below costa, then 
oblique to inner margin, becoming medial on hind wing and with 
pale suffusion on its inner edge. Underside white. 

$ . With the markings ferruginous and with more prominent 
ferruginous striae; the ante- and postmedial lines of fore wing 
evenly curved. 

The N.W. Himalayan form is greener. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Sikhim. Exp. 50 millim. 

3115. Caberodes achromaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 136 ; a $ S. no. 3199. 

Whitish, with a slight grey-green tinge. Fore wing with a 
nearly straight pale and fuscous antemedial line ; both wings with 
a speck at end of cell, and nearly straight oblique fuscous aud pale 
postmedial line. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

3116. Caberodes viridis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 386. 

S . Pale green ; the head, thorax, abdomen, costa of fore wing, 
and cilia of both wings whitish ; a dark speck at end of cell of 
each wing. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

3117. Caberodes per alba, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 195, pi. ii, 

fig. 5. 

Silky white; palpi, frons, and antennae ochreous. Fore wing 
with the costa tinged with pink and speckled with black ; ante- 
and postmedial oblique strigae from the costa ; traces of curved 
postmedial series of specks. Hind wing with dark spot at end of 
cell and curved postmedial band. Underside with prominent cell- 
spot to both wings and postmedial band to hind wing. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp., S 24, $ 28 millim. 

3118. Caberodes cinerascens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 261; C. $ S. 

no. 3603. 

Differs from peralba in being irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing 
with no pink on costa ; a speck at end of cell, and curved double 
indistinct postmedial line to both wings. Underside with the 
cell-spots small and postmedial line narrow. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 26 millim. 

3119. Caberodes costinotata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 411. 

tf . Pale ochreous, suffused and irrorated with ferruginous. 
Fore wing with the costal and apical areas suffused with purplish 
fuscous ; a black speck at end of cell ; a postmedial triangular 
yellow patch on costa. Hind wing with speck at end of cell and 
traces of a postmedial line. 

Hab. Bhutan. Exp. 28 millim. 



160 GEOMETRIDJE. 

Sect. II. {Nothomiza). Antennae of male serrate. 

3120. Caberodes costalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 616 ; C. # S. 
no. 3246. 
i Ellopia pulchra, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 124 ; ta. J//. Het. 
vi, p. 56, pi. 114, fig. 8 ; C. £ S. no. 3221. 

Pink, irrorated with fuscous • vertex of head yellow. Fore wing 
with the costal area yellow, sending angles downwards at middle 
and end of cell ; an indistinct oblique fuscous line from upper 
angle of cell to near base of inner margin ; an ill-defined post- 
medial line from costa to vein 3, then recurved to origin of that 
vein and oblique to inner margin, the area beyond it suffused with 
fuscous except at apex. Hind wing with the costal area pale ; the 
basal half suffused with fuscous ; a diffused postmedial patch 
between veins 2 and 6 ; some diffused fuscous on outer margin. 

Hab. Sikhim. ; Khasis. Exp. 52 millim. 

Genus PLUTODES. 

^Plutodes, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 117 (1857). 
v Micronissa, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 483. 
Archiplutodes, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 404 (1894). 

Type, P. cyclaria, Guen. 

Range. Throughout India and Ceylon ; Borneo. 
Differs from Bapta in the palpi being clothed with hair ; 
antennae uniseriate in both sexes to two-thirds length. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with vein 1 1 free. 

A. (Archiplutodes). Wings with outer margin rounded. 

3121. Plutodes prasina, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 13, pi. i, 
%V10. $ 

<3 . Yellow ; the frons rufous ; abdomen suffused with rufous ; 
shaft of antennae white. Fore wing with the basal and costal 
areas striated with rufous ; a rufous blotch with some leaden 
scales on it at end of cell, and continued to inner margin as an in- 
curved band; a postmedial band of ill-defined rufous spots and 
reticulations with leaden scales on them, wide below costa ; a sub- 
marginal line and series of marginal specks. Hind wing with the 
base rufous ; an antemedial rufous line ; an indistinct double 
postmedial dentate rufous line with some leaden scales on it ; a 
submarginal curved maculate band ; a marginal series of specks. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 34 millim. 

B. (Micronissa). Hind wing with the outer margin slightly 
angled at vein 3. 

3122. Plutodes delphinaria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 152. q. 
6 . White ; frons and antennae pale fulvous ; wings semihyaline. 



PLUTODES. 161 

Fore wing with the costa ochreous ; traces of antemedial, post- 
medial, submarginal, and marginal fuscous waved lines to both 
wings. Hind wing with a red spot on margin at angle. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

C. Both ivings with their outer margins very slightly 
angled at vein 3. 

3123. Plutodes nilgirica, Hmpsn. III. Het. \iii, p. 115, pi. 151, fig. 6. 

$ . Differs from cydaria in the fore wing having the edges of 
the basal and outer rufous patches irregular ; the outer patch not 
extending over the inner area, which is left yellow. Hind wing 
with the outer edge of the basal patch waved, and separated from 
the outer patch, which is reniform with waved edges. 
Hob. Nilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

3124. Plutodes exiguifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 140, pi. 169, 

fig. 17- 

"Wings with the basal rufous patches large, with straight outer 
edges and separated from the outer patches, which have single, 
hardly sinuous, silvery inner edges, are crossed by a faint waved 
line and cover the whole outer half of both wings, leaving the 
costa of fore wing and cilia of both wings yellow. 

Hal. Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

3125. Plutodes subcaudata, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 224 ; id. III. 

Het. vi, p. 119, fig. 5 ; C. &f 8. no. 3701. <5 

Differs from exquisita in the fore wing having the outer rufous 
band expanded into a large rounded patch towards costa and 
narrowing towards inner margin. Hind wing with the outer band 
narrow at costa, expanding into a large rounded patch from veins 
7 to 3, where it contracts and thence expands to anal angle, and 
with a blackish spot on its outer edge at middle of margin. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 
y 

3126. Plutodes costatus, Butl. III. Het. vi, p. 53, pi. 114, fig. 4; 
y C. | 8. no. 3182. / 

Plutodes triangularis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 388. 

Head rufous, the vertex and collar yellow ; thorax and abdomen 
rufous. Wings rufous, with numerous pale stria3. Tore wing 
with the costa yellow, with some silvery scales below it and sending 
three triangular spurs downwards at middle and beyond end of 
cell and near apex, the 2nd largest ; a yellow patch at outer angle; 
the cilia mostly yellow. Hind wing with a narrow yellow patch 
at apex. 

Hab. Simla; Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 40-48 millim. 
VOL. III. M 



162 GEOMETEID^. 

Sect. II. (Plutodes). Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 
stalked ; wings with the outer margin rounded. 

3127. Plutodes cyclaria, Gum. Thai, ii, p. 118, pi. 20, fig. 3 : C. $ S. 

no. 3697. 

Head rufous, the vertex and shaft of antennae white ; collar 
yellow ; thorax and abdomen rufous. Fore wing bright yellow ; 
a large rufous patch with silvery outline occupying the whole 
basal half of inner area and conjoined to a similar rounded patch 
filling nearly the whole outer area and crossed by an indistinct 
slightly- waved rufous line ; thus the only parts left yellow are the 
costa with a triangular patch from it extending to lower angle of 
cell, the outer margin and a spot on inner margin. Hind wing 
similar, the basal patch covering the whole base of wing and the 
outer patch more elongate. 

Hah. ? Punjab ; Borneo. Exp. 26 millim. 

312S. Plutodes transmutata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 976; Butl. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 119, fig. 1 ; C.SrS. no. 3702. 
Comibsena gavisata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1566. 

Differs from discigera in the basal patches of both wings being 
smaller ; the outer patches with their inner edges sinuous and 
extending to the inner margin of the fore wing and costa of hind 
wing and not crossed by a waved line. 

Hob. N. India ; Khandala ; Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

) 3129. Plutodes discigera, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi (1880), p. 223; id. 
III. H'et. vi, pi. 119, fig. 2 ; C. $ S. no. 3698. ^ 
Plutodes flavescens, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 223 ; id. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 119, fig. 3 ; C.SrS. no. 3700. 

Differs from cyclaria in the basal rufous patches of each wing 

being smaller and well sepa- 
rated from the outer patches, 
which are also smaller and 
rounder, with the silvery line 
defining their inner edges double 
and the rufous line crossing 
them more waved. 

In the form flavescens the 
Fig. ^.-Plutodes discigera, tf. J. rufous p atches are sma ll er than 

in discigera, and the lines crossing them highly waved. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 32-36 millim. 

3130. V Plutodes exquisita, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi (1880), p. 223 ; id. 

III. Het. vi, pi. 119, fig, 4 ; C. $ S. no. 3699. J 

Fore wing with the basal patches very small ; the outer patch 
forming a band of nearly even width with double silvery inner 
edge and crossed by an irregularly dentate line. Hind wing 
with the basal patch forming a narrow band along inner area, 



: C\ 




PLUTODES. — SCAEDAMIA. 163 

where it joins the broad outer band, which has a double silvery 
inner edge, is crossed by a dentate line, and has a black spot on it 
near anal angle. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Eatp. 34 millim. 

3131. Plutodes lamisca, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 196. 

S . Differs from transmutata in the markings being darker 
rufous. Tore wing with the basal patch sometimes conjoined to 
the subapical patch, which is much wider, with irregular edges and 
only extending to vein 3. Hind wing with the submarginal patch 
reduced to the area between veins 2 and 4, being represented 
elsewhere by a waved line on its inner edge and silvery points on 
its outer ; the basal patch with waved outer edge, and sometimes 
conjoined to the submarginal patch. 
Hob. .Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus SCAEDAMIA. 

Scardamia, Guen. Phal. i, p. 89 (1857). 
Laginia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 244 (1860). 






Type, S. metallaria, Gruen. 

Range. S. Africa ; Siberia ; Formosa ; throughout India and 
Ceylon ; Java ; Borneo. 

Palpi smoothly scaled and not reaching beyond the frons; 
antennae of male bipectinated ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before 
upper angle; 10 and 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing with 12. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7 from before upper 
angle. 

. 
3132. Scardamia metallaria, Guen. Phal i, p. 89 ; Moore Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi/ 185, fig. 2 ; C. $ S. no. 3196. J 
Laginia bractearia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 245. 
Scardamia taprobanes, Feld. Rets. Nov. pi. 123, fig. 2. 
Scardamia aurantiacaria, Brem. Ost-Sib. p. 72, pi. 6, fig 15. 

Scarlet or yellow-orange, striated and suffused with ferruginous ; 

antennae, collar, and costa of 
fore wing fuscous. Fore wing 
with obliquely curved ante- 
medial dark band with a sil- 
very line on it ; both wings 
with a similar nearly straight 
postmedial line with an indis- 
tinct greyish line beyond it ; 

Fig. dO.-Scardamia metallaria, J. {. some silver strigae on margin 

and speck at end or cell 
Underside pale, pinkish beyond the postmedial line. 

Hab. Siberia ; Formosa ; throughout India and Ceylon ; Java. 
Exp. 28-30 millim. 

m2 




2>2~ ( 



164 GEOMETRIC. 

Genus PERATQPHYGA. 

Watophyga, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 407 (1894). 
Peratophyga, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 204. 

Type, P. cerata, Moore. 

Range. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Khasis ; Borneo. 

Palpi slight, porrect, hairy, and not reaching beyond frons ; 
antennae serrate and fasciculate in male ; hind tibiae dilated. Fore 
wing of male with fovea; vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; 
5, 6 stalked from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked from before 
angle. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 

3133. Peratophyga aerata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 643 ; C. $ S. 

, no. 3916. 
Ephyra grata, Butl. A. M. N. B. (5) iv. p. 438. 

Ochreous ; the thorax and abdomen suffused with purplish 
fuscous. Fore wing with basal purplish-fuscous patch ; a sinuous 
maculate antemedial band ; a postmedial series of spots, on costa, 

beyond end of cell, and on 
inner margin, immediately 
beyond which a series of 
spots on the veins is often 
developed ; a broad band on 
outer area with its inner edge 
sinuous, usually leaving the 
margin yellow. Hind wing 
Fig. 91.— Peratophyga cerata, tf. f. similar, but without the basal 

patch and spot beyond cell. 
The markings are very variable in size, being much reduced in 
the form grata. 

Hab. Japan; Simla; Kulu ; Khasis. Exp. 26 raillim. 

Genus STEGAMA. 

Stegania, Guen. Dup. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 270 (1844). 
. Lornographa, Hiibn. Verz. p. 311 (? 1818), non descr., . «^ 
Heterostegane, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 142 (1893). C iM* 

Tvpe, S. trimaculata, Vill., from Europe. 

Range. Europe; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; Borneo. 

Palpi minute, slender, porrect, and hairy ; hind tibise slightly 
dilated. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked, from upper angle ; 
10 absent. 

Sect. I. {Heterostegane). Antennae of male ciliated ; fore wing 
with vein 11 free ; both wings with vein 3 from lower angle 
of cell. 

y A. Fore wing of male with a fovea covered with hair. 

3134. Stegania marginata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 388, pi. 32, fig. 22. 
<S . Head and thorax brown with a purplish tinge ; abdomen 




STEGANIA. 165 

ochreous suffused with rufous. Fore wing ochreous, thickly 
irrorated with rufous except beyond cell, the base and costa 
purplish brown ; a rufous spot on discocellulars ; a dark line from 
costa before apex excurved to near outer margin and bent inwards 
near inner angle, the area beyond it purplish brown. Hind wing 
ochreous, thickly irrorated with rufous ; a speck at end of cell ; a 
double purplish-brown marginal line. 

Bab. Simla ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 28 millim. 



3135. Stegania strigata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 412, pi. 31, fig-. 22. 

Ochreous, striated with dark brown. Fore wing with dark 
patch at end of cell; a lunulate submarginal band joined in places 
to a marginal band, and both interrupted at middle. Hind wing 
with speck at end of cell ; an interrupted series of submarginal 
luuules ; a marginal series of specks. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 30 millim. 

B. Fore iving of male without fovea. 

3136. Stegania subtessellata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1648 ; Hmpsn. Ill 

Set. viii, pi. 156, fig. 6; C. $ 8. no. 3616. 

Yellow, irrorated with rust-red. Fore wing with an antemedial 
rust-red line angled at median nervure ; a slightly sinuous medial 

line ; a lunulate postmedial line ; 
a submarginal line angled out- 
wards to the margin and termi- 
nating in a blotch at outer angle ; 
a marginal line and series of 
spots. Hind wing with straight 
antemedial line; curved lunulate 
postmedial line arising from a 

„. no . " ,. „ , * , blotch on the costa; a slightly 
Fig. 92. — Steqania subtessellata, <$ . \. . -, . '. ° .,? 

sinuous submarginal line, with 

a dentate spot on it between veins 5 and 6 ; a marginal line. 

The Bornean form is darker. 

Hob. Dharmsala ; Khasis ; Canara ; Nilgiris ; Borneo. Exp. 24- 
30 millim. 



3137. Stegania urbica, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 859 ;C.$S. no. 3987. 

d . Differs from subtessellata in being more thickly irrorated 
with ferruginous red. Fore wing with the antemedial line almost 
obsolete ; the medial line straight ; the submarginal line less 
acutely angled and without a blotch at outer angle. Hind wing 
with the lines indistinct and less irregular. 

2 darker, and often irrorated with fuscous. 

Hab. Bombay; N. Canara; Nilgiris ; Burma. Exp. 20 millim. 




166 GEOMETRIC. 

3138. Stegania bilineata, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 170; C. $ S. no. 3973. 
Astliena maculifascia, Hmpsn. 111. Het. viii, p. 125, pi. 153, fig. 5. 
Terpnomicta lala, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 13. 
Heterostegane aurantiaca, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 406. 

Differs from urbica in the antemedial line of fore wing and 
postmedial line of both wings being absent ; the medial line 
almost straight across both wings ; the submarginal line less 
angled at veins 5 and 2 of each wing and not touching the 
margin. 

In bilineata there is a broad dark marginal band on underside ; 
in the form maculifascia the submarginal line on upper and under- 
side is reduced to dark blotches. 

Hah. Khasis ; Asirgarh ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 20-22 
millim. 
y 

3139. Stegania rectifascia, Smpm. III. Het. ix, p. 142, pi. 170, 

fig. 8. 

Differs from the last three species in the lines of both upper 
and undersides being almost straight and all indistinct, the medial 
and submarginal lines being more prominent than the ante- and 
postmedial. 

Hah. Nagas ; Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

3140. Stegania crina, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 14, pi. 1, 

fig. 14. 

S • Ochreous, irrorated with rufous. Fore wing with the costa 
rufous ; a slightly sinuous oblique anteinedial line and broader 
straight medial and postmedial lines, the latter ending at outer 
angle. Hind wing with antemedial line; an oblique line from 
middle of costa curved on vein 1 and ending on inner margin above 
anal angle ; both wings with the margin dark. Underside with 
the disk of fore wing suffused with pink. 

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 26 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male serrate ; fore wing with a fovea ; 
vein 11 free ; 5 from near upper angle of cell. 

3141. Stegania trilineata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 642 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3980. 

c?. Fuscous, suffused with orange-red and irrorated with 
ochreous. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
slightly curved orange lines. Hind wing with ante- and post- 
medial lines. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 26 millim. 



STBGANIA. STKEGIA. 167 

Sect. III. Antennae of male bipectinate with short stiff branches 
to three fourths length ; fore wing with no fovea, 11 connected 
with 12 ; both wings with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3142. Stegania latifasciata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 260; C. 8f S. 
no. 3596. 

d . Ochreous with ferruginous suffusion and stria?. Tore wing 
with ante- and postmedial dark lines with grey on their edges, the 
former sinuous, the latter angled at veiu 2. Hind wing with 
medial white band very broad at costa and with a rufous speck at 
end of cell, some grey on its inner edge, and oblique fuscous band 
on its outer; both wings with marginal dark line. Underside pale, 
with dark apical patch to hind wing. 

2 . Paler, with the band of the hind wing much greyer. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 28 millim. 

Genus SYNEGIA. 

Synegia, Guen. Thai, i, p. 423 (1857). 
Borbacha, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 446 (1887). 
Parasynegia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 413. 
Heterostegania, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 415. 
Xenagia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 407 (1894). 
Syntaracta, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 408. 

Type, 8. bolydaria, Guen. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Assam ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon : 
Singapore; Borneo. 

Palpi obliquely porrect, roughly scaled, and reaching beyond the 
frons ; hind tibiae not dilated. Pore wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper angle ; 10 and 11 
stalked, connected or anastomosing with 12, and 10 connected or 
anastomosing with 8 and 9. 

Sect. I. {Synegia). Antenna? of male long, with very short 
branches ending in a bristle ; abdomen elongated, with very 
large claspers tufted with hair ; retinaculum a tuft of hair. 

31437 Synegia imitaria, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 643 ; Hmpsn. III. Bet. ix, 
pi. 169, figs. 5, 11 ; C.8rS. no. 3586. 
' Anisodes obrimaria, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 644. 
" Syntaracta semula, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 408. 

Yellow, spotted with orange or ferruginous : palpi barred with 
orange ; collar purple-grey. Pore wing with the costa purplish 
grey ; a waved antemedial Mnd which is often grey ; both wings 
with speck at end of cell ; a crenulate postmedial line often with 
a grey band inside it ; traces of a submarginal band and a marginal 
series of specks. 

The variety obrimaria has the postmedial band obsolete on costal 
area of both wings. 

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp., <$ 36, $ 36-44 
millim. 




168 GEOMETEID^E. 

Sect. II. (Parasynec/ia). Antennae of male bipectinated with 
moderate branches to near apex. 

A. Retinaculum of male forming a large spatulate plate. 

a. Hind wing with the outer margin not excised towards anal angle. 
/ 

3144. Synegia plnristriaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1581 ; Butt. III. Set. 

vi, pi. life, fig. 8 j C. ty S. no. 3578. / 

c? . Yellow, irrorated with ferruginous ; shaft of antennas and 
vertex of head white ; abdomen ringed with ferruginous. Fore wing 

with a highly curved 
antemedial ferruginous 
line ; a' very oblique line 
from near apex, waved 
near costa and joined by 
an oblique streak from 
apex; a line from middle 
of outer margin to middle 
of inner margin cross- 
mg.9S.-8t/negiapluristriaria, J. \. j n g a p0 stmedial line 

from vein 3 to inner margin and a submarginal line ; a dark- 
ringed white spot at end of cell. Hind wing with five lines } the 
postmedial waved, the submarginal forked towards apex ; a dark- 
ringed white speck at end of cell. 

Hob. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sibsagar. Exp. 46 millim. 

3145. Synegia diffusaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 641 ; C. $ 8. 
' no. 3564. / 

'Anisodes punctifera, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 220; id. III. 
Het. vi, pi. 118, fig. 7 ; C. $ S. no. 3579. 

<3 . Yellow, irrorated with orange. Fore wing with some dark 
specks on basal area and speck at end of cell ; an oblique medial 
brown band composed of two lunulate lines, the outer edged by a 
series of black specks and conjoined to subapical and medial diffused 
brown patches forming part of a submarginal band. Hind wing 
with oblique subbasal band ; a speck at end of cell ; two ill-defined 
medial lines with a series of specks beyond them ; an obscure sub- 
marginal band ; both wings with a series of marginal specks. 
Underside pale. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

3146.' Synegia complicata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 414. 

Yellow, irrorated with orange. Fore wing with irregularly 
dentate antemedial line ; a speck at end of cell ; an obliquely 
curved double postmedial line, the two parts separating near inner 
margin, joined by streaks from apex and middle of margin, a sub- 
marginal line running from the lower streak to inner margin. 
Hind wing with oblique subbasal and antemedial lines ; a speck at 
end of cell ; an oblique postmedial line with a slender line beyond 



SYNEGIA. 169 

it ex curved at middle ; an oblique line from below apex to inner 
margin. 

Hab. Nagas. Exp. 38 millim. 

3147. Synegia lidderdalii, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 220; id. III. 
u Het. vi, pi. 118, fig. 6; C. $ S. no. 3569. 
Parasynegia macularia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 410. 

Differs from diffusaria in the oblique bands of the fore wing 
being smoky black and expanding into a large quadrate patch 
between veins 2 and 7; the submarginal patches smoky black. 
Hind wing with the subbasal band smoky black ; hardly a trace of 
medial and submarginal lines, the latter being represented by a 
black patch at middle ; some dark patches on margin. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 34-46 millim. 



b. Hind wing with the outer margin slightly excised towards 
anal angle, 

3148. Synegia erythra, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 104, pi. 150, fig. 2. 
1 Parasynegia suffusa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 414. 
. Synegia gopterana, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 206. 

<5 . Yellow, irrorated with crimson ; shaft of antennae white. 
Pore wing with curved ante- and postmedial fuscous lines ; a speck 
at end of cell ; the costa spotted with fuscous towards apex. 
Hind wing with speck at end of cell, a submarginal line angled 
outwards to the margin below vein 6. Underside pale. 

The form suffusa from the Khasis and Nagas has the irroration 
thicker and orange ; some fuscous suffusion on disk of fore wing 
sending out streaks to the margin or forming oblique bands on 
both wings. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas ; Mlgiris. Exp. 32 millim. 



§, (Xenagia). Male with the retinaculum bar-shaped. 

3149. Synegia camptogrammaria, Guen. Thai. i. p. 420. 

u Hyperythra vitticostata, Wlh. Cat. xxvi, p. 1497 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3155. 
Synegia infixaria, Butl. 111. Het. vi, pi. 118, fig. 4 (nee Wlk.) ; 
C. $ S. no. 3587. 

Yellow, irrorated with orange ; collar purplish grey. Fore wing 
with the costal area purplish grey, with a ferruginous streak below 
it ; ante- and postmedial ferruginous lines angled below costa : a 
dark speck at end of cell ; an indistinct slightly sinuous sub- 
marginal ferruginous line. Hind wing with speck at end of cell, 
ante- and postmedial lines, the area between them, and the apical 
area suffused with rufous ; traces of a submarginal line. Under- 
side pale, with dark patches on the lines. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 



170 GEOMETRTD^l. 

Sect. III. (Borbacha). Antennae pectinated with uniseriate 
\j branches in both sexes. 

3150. Synegia pardaria, Guen. Phal.i,y. 420; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. in, 
\J pi. 199, fig. 9 ; C.fS. no. 3585. 

Anisodes sarawackaria, Guen, Phal. i, p. 420. 

Yellow, irrorated with orange ; head black. Wings with an 
antemedial band composed of grey marks outlined with rufous, 
angled in cell of fore wing and becoming subbasal on hind wing ; 
similar postmedial and submarginal bands, but composed of distinct 
lunules, interrupted on fore wing and double at middle on hind 
wing ; black specks at end of the cells. Underside with the ground- 
colour pale. 

Hah. Khasis ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. IV. Antennae of male almost simple ; retinaculum a tuft ; 
I claspers large. 

3151. Synegia lunulosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 250, pi. 8, fig. 8; 

C. $ jS. no. 3570. 
l/Heterostegania nigrofusa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 415. 

(5 . Ochreous, irrorated with rufous and black. Fore wing 
with ferruginous antemedial band with waved inner edge, ex- 
panding towards inner margin and diffused outwardly ; a black 
speck at end of cell ; a postmedial band narrow towards costa, 
very broad below vein 4, with lunulate outer edge and diffused 
inwardly ; a short sinuous black mark below apex. Hind wing 
with black speck at end of cell ; the basal half rufous with lunulate 
outer edge. 

The form nigrofusa has a black patch on the postmedial band of 
fore wing at vein 2. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 36-40 millim. 

Genus HYP0CHR0SIS. 

Hypochrosis, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 536 (1857). 
Achrosis, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 539. 
Omiza, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 246 (1860). 
Celenna, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 519 (1861). 
Pagrasa, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1086 (1862). 
f Patruiasa, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1691 (1862). 
Marcala, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1764. 
Capasa, Wlk. Cat. xxxvi, p. 1565 (1866). 
Phoenix, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 122 (1880). 

Type, H. sternaria, Guen. 

Range. Madagascar ; China ; Himalayas ; Ceylon ; Assam and 
Burma ; Andamans ; Sumatra ; Borneo ; Aru. 

Palpi usually not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae bipecti- 
nated in both sexes, the branches in male longer than in female ; 
claspers of male very large; fore leg with the process reaching 



HYPOCHROSIS. 171 

beyond end of tibia ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore wing with the 
costa arched towards apex ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 
9 stalked from before upper angle; 10 and 11 stalked, 11 being 
joined by a bar to 12, and sometimes 10 connected with 8 and 9. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 



Sect. I. {Hypochrosis). Fore wing with the outer margin 
evenly curved. 

A. Palpi porrect, and not reaching beyond the frons. 

3152. Hypochrosis pachiaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 247; C. fy S. 

no. 3217. 
Omiza affinis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 621 ; C. # S. no. 3216. 
Omiza miliaria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 425 ; Hmpsn. 111. Set. 

viii, pi. 149, figs. 4, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18. 

S . Bright yellow, irrorated with greenish fuscous ; abdomen 
with a dark basal band and rufous at extremity. Fore wing with 
indistinct antemedial curved line ; greenish annulus at end of 
cell ; oblique line with some grey on it from apex to middle of 
inner margin of hind wing. 




Fig. 94. — Hypochrosis pachiaria, J. \. 

2 • With some rufous suffusion at base of wings ; the outer 
area rufous except towards apex of fore wing. 

The Nilgiri form miliaria has the ground-colour of male rarely 
yellow, usually bright green, drab, or brick-red ; female green with 
rufous patches, or wholly brick-red, dark red, or purplish fuscous. 

Hob. Kulu ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Shevaroys ; Up. Burma ; 
Andamans. Exp., <$ 52, $ 64millim. 

3153. Hypochrosis iris, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 122; id. Ill, 
Het. vi, pi. 114, fig. 11 ; C. $ S. no. 3215. 

S • Dark purple ; the costal area of fore wing striated with 
pink ; a glaucous green band with olive-green line on it from apex 
of fore wing to middle of inner margin of hind wing. Underside 
pinkish orange. Abdomen with a green band at middle. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Khyeng Hills. Exp. 42 millim. J ■ 



172 GEOMETKID^. 

I 

3154. Hypochrosis hyadaria, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 537 ; C. 8? 8. no. 3706. 
Lagyra abstractaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1485: C. $ 8. no. 3134. 
Decetia tinctaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1522. O 

Marcala ignivorata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1764 ; C. & 8. no. 3206. 
Decetia abstractaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1559; C. $ 8. no. 3222. ^ 
IMarcala flavifusata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 231, pi. 8, fig. 6 ; C. 8f 8. 

no. 3204. 
Marcala irrorata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 232 ; C. $ S. no. 3207. / 
Marcala obliquaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 232 ; C. fy 8. no. 3208. V 
Marcala sulpkurescens, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 405, pi. 185, 

fig. 8; C. 8f S. no. 3211. /D 
Numeria galbulata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 133, figs. 20, 20 a ; 

C. $ 8. no. 3205. 2, , 

Pale red, often with a purplish tinge, and with dark striae ; frons 
chestnut. Fore wing with an oblique anternedial line ; a small 
annulus at end of cell ; an oblique postmedial line highly angled 
below apex, where it encloses a greyish lunule, running to middle 
of inner margin of hind wing but obsolete on costal area of hind 
wiug, which is paler; the area between the lines of fore wing often 
paler towards costa. Underside rufous or orange-yellow, often 
with the outer area of fore wing rufous. 

A Khasi variety has the lines of fore wing dark at costa and a 
large submarginal black blotch on inner area ; the form tinctaria 
from Shillong is dark greyish purple, with the costal area of hind 
wing reddish orange and the underside redder. The JNTilgiri and 
Ceylon forms sulphurescens and galbulata are greenish, especially 
between the lines of fore wing, which in the latter approach each 
other towards inner margin ; flavifusata has the medial and outer 
areas of fore wing yellow except at outer angle. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Kbasis; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 34-40 millim. 

3155. Hypochrosis venusa, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 197. 

$ . Differs from hyadaria in the frons being grey ; the thorax 
and wings with a slight green tinge. Fore wing without the ante- 
and postmedial lines, but with a medial rufous line expanding into 
a large irregular green-centred patch from costa to lower angle of 
cell, with a dentition below costa. Hind wing with the line 
absent. Underside as in tinctaria. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 28 millim. 

3156. Hypochrosis festivaria, Fair. Ent. Syst. iii, 2, p. 152; C. $ S. 

no. 3705. 
Geometra saturataria, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 519 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 
iii, pi. 204, fig. 4 ; C. 8? 8. 3210. 

$ . Purplish grey, irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing with a 
large verditer-green patch with irregular whitish edges occupying 
the whole medial area except the costa, and with a similar rounded 
subapical patch beyond it. Hind wing with a similar patch 



HYPOCHROSIS. 173 

occupying the whole medial area except the costa, and widest 
towards inner margin. Underside orange-red, with a fuscous 
patch on fore wing below end of cell. 

Hab. Hongkong ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Sibsagar ; Nagas ; 
Ceylon : Andamans. Exp. 32-34 millim. 

3157. Hypochrosis sternaria, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 537 j C. $ S. 

no. 3708. 
Patruissa pyrrhophaeata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1691. 
Geometra binexata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1752. 
Omiza schistacea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 851, pi. 53, fig. 12 ; 

C. # S. no. 3219. 
Patruissa ocellata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 448. 

Grey-brown; the wings with slight brown striae. Pore wing 
with a highly irregular oblique medial browner band, broad 
at costa, its inner edge indented at lower angle of cell, its outer 
edge recurved upwards and narrowing at vein 5 and indented at 
vein 2 ; some brownish suffusion on middle of outer area. Hind 
wing with a dentate line with brown suffusion on its inner side 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin. Underside orange ; the 
cell and outer area of fore wing reddish. 

The form schistacea is greyer and without striae; the band of 
fore wing narrower and without brown inside it; underside of 
fore wing with the red not extending into cell; binexata from 
Borneo is more rufous, with the band broader and more irregular, 
and with an ill-defined curved submarginal band on each wing. 

Hab. Assam ; Tenasserim ; Borneo. Exp. 42-46 millim. 

B. Palpi upturned and reaching vertex of head. 

3158. Hypochrosis pulchraria, Roths. Nov. Zool. p. 540, pi. xii, 

fig. 10. 

S . Purplish or whitish grey, slightly irrorated with black ; palpi 
tinged with rufous ; f rons blackish • thorax and second segment of 
abdomen banded with green. Fore wing with a green streak on 
base of median nervure ; a spot below middle of costa ; a large 
dark sap-green patch from just below apex to near base of inner 
margin, its upper edge curved, its lower angled at vein 4 ; 
traces of a waved submarginal line ; a black line on margin just 
below apex and a fuscous patch on outer area below middle. 
Hind wing with green spot on inner area before middle in con- 
tinuation of the patch of fore wing ; three medial green specks 
or a band on inner area; traces of a waved submarginal line. 
Underside orange-red ; fore wing with the costal area and hind 
wing with the basal area yellow ; a fuscous patch near outer area 
of fore wing. 

Hab. Khasis ; Tenasserim. Exp. 34-42 millim. 



174 GEOMETRIC. 

Sect. II. (Achrosis). Fore wing with the outer margin excurvecl 
J at middle. 

( 3159. Hypochrosis pyrrhularia, Guen. Phal. ii. p. 539; C. $ 8. 
no. 3703. 
' Pagrasa instabilata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1086 ; Batl. III. Set. vi, 
pi. 119, fig. 7. 

c? . Grey ; the head, thorax, and abdomen irrorated and spotted 
with black. Fore wing irrorated with black to beyond middle ; 
some black spots at base ; a band of black spots just beyond middle, 
angled below the costa ; a submarginal black spot on costa and 
double series towards inner margin ; outer area reddish. Hind 
wing with the inner area irrorated with black, and with submar- 
ginal double line. Underside with the apical area of fore wing 
bright yellow. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Assam. Kvp. 38 millim. 
J 

3160. Hypochrosis quadraria, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 409. 

2 . Ochreous grey. Fore wing suffused with vinous ; ante- 
and postmedial lines each represented by an oblique black spot on 
costa and two spots above inner margin. Hind wing orange, with 
dark spots above anal angle. Underside orange; fore wing with 
the apical area vinous. 

Bab. Bhutan ; Khasis. Eocp. 42 millim. 

Sect. III. Fore wing with the outer margin straight from apex 
to vein 3, then excised to outer angle. 

3161. 'Hypochrosis rufescens, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 224 ; id. 

Ill Bet. vi, pi. 119, fig. 6 ; C. $ S. no. 3704. 

S . Greyish vinous ; palpi blackish. Fore wing with outwardly 
oblique antemedial and inwardly oblique submarginal yellow lines 
not reaching costa ; large black medial and postmedial spots on 
costa ; outer area suffused with fuscous. Hind wing with sub- 
marginal yellow line from vein 4 to inner margin. Underside 
with the costa and outer area of fore wing bright red. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

Genus PRI0NIA. 

^rionia, Hiibn. Zutr. iv, p. 40 (1832). 

Osicerda, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1083 (1862). 

Isnisca, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1765 (1862). 

Celesdera, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1749 (1862). 

Zomia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 650. 
; Amorphozancle, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 408. 

Type, P. squalidaria, Hiibn. 

Range. Japan ; throughout, India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Anda- 
mans ; Java ; Borneo. 

Palpi slender and not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae 
bipectinated in both sexes to near apex, the branches longer in the 
male than in the female ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore wing pro- 




PBIOHTA. 175 

duced at apex ; the outer margin usually excurved at middle ; vein 3 
from close to angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper 
angle ; 1 1 anastomosing with 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. (Prionia). Fore wing with vein 10 from cell at same 
y point as 11, or very shortly stalked with it. 

3162. Prionia squalidaria, Hubn. Zutr. iv, p. 40, figs. 787, 788; 
C. # S. no. 3691. 
w Prionia violacearia, Guen. Thai, i, p. 144. 
Osicerda alienata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1084. 
y Celesdera sckistifusata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1749, 
Isnisca cyclogonata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1765. 

Eed-brown, suffused with grey and irrorated with fuscous. 

Pore wing with dark medial 
and postmedial marks on 
costa, with indistinct waved 
lines from them to inner 
margin. Hind wing with 
the costal half reddish 
orange, the inner half 
crossed by a postmedial 

Fig. 95.-PriZfa squalidaria^. h ^ Underside orai3 g e - 

Some specimens have the fore wing much redder than others .; 
some are redder with the costal area grey, or the area between the 
lines grey ; or there may be much fuscous suffusion. 

Hob. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Java. Exp., <$ 
26-34, 2 30 millim. 

3163.^Prionia lithosiaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1085. 2_ 

Osicerda costimaculata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 650; C. $ S. 
no. 3692. 

Differs from squalidaria in the fore wing being pale reddish 
grey prominently irrorated with black ; the costal patches large and 
olivaceous ; cilia black except at middle ; hind wing more orange. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas ; Borneo. Exp. 26 millim. 

3164. frionia obliquilineata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 409. 

2 . Differs from squalidaria in having a prominent submarginal 
line to fore wing very highly angled below the apex ; hind wing 
with a submarginal line, obsolescent on orange area. 

Hab. JNagas ; Eangoon. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. II. Eore wing with veins 10 and 11 on a long stalk. 
A. (Zomia). Fore wing iviih the outer margin excurved at middle. 

3165. Prionia intexta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 145, pi. 8, 

%. 11. 

<5 . Grey-brown, irrorated with fuscous ; vertex of head whitish. 



176 GEOMETEID^]. 

Fore wing with black subbasal mark on subcostal nervure ; a 
blackish patch on middle of costa, with an oblique brown band 
from below its inner margin : a blackish spot on costa near apex, 
with obliquely sinuous line from it to lower angle of cell ; an 
oblique brown band with dentate outer edge from apex to inner 
margin ; a brown band on margin with a black speck on it above 
outer angle. Hind wing with a blackish medial band from cell to 
inner margin ; a dentate fuscous submarginal line. Underside 
vinous brown. 

Hab., Nagas ; Khasis ; N. Canara. Exp. 26 millim. 
v 
3166. Prionia incitata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1085; C. fy S. no. 3694. Zj 
/Zomia miscelia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 144 ; Hmpsn. 
v III. Het. viii, pi. 151, fig. 16. 

Olive-green, striated with fuscous. Fore wing suffused with 
purplish grey ; a yellow-green, slightly curved antemedial band ; 
a speck at end of cell ; a postmedial band running out to an acute 
angle near middle of outer margin, then recurved to vein 2 and 
with purplish fuscous beyond it on inner area. Hind wing with 
the costal two-thirds orange ; a spot at end of cell ; the inner area 
violaceous grey irrorated with fuscous and with dark submarginal 
line. Underside reddish orange irrorated with fuscous ; a cell- 
spot to each wing, the apex of fore wing greyish. 

Hab. Throughout India. Exp. <S 36, $ 40 millim. 

3167. Prionia serpentinaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1634; C. $ S. 

no. 3695. 

Differs from incitata in being pale reddish or yellowish brown, 
more prominently irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing with the 
ante- and postmedial lines olive-yellow or bright green with leaden 
grey inside the former and beyond the latter where it runs to the 
apex ; the postmedial line not angled, but with a sinus between veins 
3 and 7. Hind wing with the costal two- thirds reddish orange. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 40 millim. 

3168. V Prionia pallida, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 622 ; C. $ S. no. 3696. 

Differs from incitata in being pale reddish brown without 
violaceous suffusion ; the postmedial line not angled, but with a 
rounded sinus between veins 2 and 7 ; no leaden-grey on basal or 
outer areas. 

Hab. Andamans ; Java. Exp. 34 millim. 

B. Fore wing with the outer margin straight. 
3169. Prionia muscicolor, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 407, pi. 32, fig. 25. 

<$ . Ochreous with slight dark irroration ; a black speck at end 
of cell of each wing ; an indistinct postmedial band bounded by 
two faint lines which widen their distance towards apex of fore 
wing. 

$ . Pinkish grey with slight dark irroration. Tore wing with 



PEIONIA. — EUKYMEKE. 177 

an indistinct oblique line from apex with a triangular patch inside 
it on costal area of a faint olive tinge. Hind wing with indistinct 
medial line; two hyaline specks with, black lunules on their outer 
edge beyond lower angle of cell, prominent on underside and 
entirely surrounded by black. 

Hob. Karen Hills. Exp., <$ 26, $ 36 millim. 

C. (Amorphozancle). Fore wing with the outer margin excised 
[/ from vein 6 to outer angle. 

3170. Prionia discata, Wan: P. Z. S. 1893, p. 408, pi. 32, fig. 23. 

£ . Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish grey and black 
antennae black. Fore wing purplish grey irrorated with black 
a dark patch at middle of costa ; a white patch at end of cell 
some olive suffusion on costal area from middle to apex. Hind 
wing pinkish grey with dark irroration ; the costal half yellowish. 
Underside orange ; apical area of fore wing purplish, shading to 
white. 

Hob. Nagas. Exp. 32 millim. 

Genus EURYMENE. 

Eurymene, Dup. Cat Lep. Ear. p. 220 (1844). 
(/ Plagodis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 294 (? 1818;, non descr. 

Type, E. dolobraria, Linn., from Europe. 

Range. Nearctic and Palaearctic regions ; N.W. Himalayas ; 
Sikhim. 

Palpi porrect, clothed with short hair and hardly reaching 
beyond the frons ; antennae typically bipectinated in male, simple 
in female ; hind tibiae not dilated. Eore wing with the costa 
arched ; the outer margin excurved at middle and more or less 
excised towards outer angle ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked, from upper angle ; 10 free ; 11 anastomosing with 
12. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinated. 

3171. Eurymene inustaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 620 ; C. fy S- 

no. 3160. 

cJ . Ochreous ; head and 
thorax purplish black ; abdo- 
men tinged with purple; 
wings closely striated with 
chestnut. Eore wing with 
the costa purplish : an oblique 
purplish and dark postmedial 
band from vein 4 to inner 
Eurymene inustaria, tf. \. margin; some rufous suffu- 

sion on inner part of outer 
margin. Hind wing with the cell and area below it not 

VOL. III. w 




178 geometeidjE. 

striated; traces of a postmedial line; some purple suffusion on 
anal area. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male minutely serrate and fasciculate. 

3172. Eurymene reticulata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 408. 

<$ . Differs from inustaria in the head and collar being pink. 
Tore wing without the band and suffusion on margin. Hind 
wing uniformly striated, without markings and with hardly a trace 
of purple at anal angle. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

/ ^ - Genus ANONYCHIA. 
Anonychia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 412. 

Type, A. rostrifera, Warr. 

Range. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim; Khasis. 

Palpi thickly fringed with hair and reaching well beyond the 
sharp frontal tuft ; antennae of male thickened and flattened ; 
hind tibiae dilated, with a fold and tuft. Fore wing somewhat pro- 
duced at apex, the outer margin oblique ; vein 3 from before angle 
of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10, 11 stalked, 10 connected or anasto- 
mosing with 8, 9. Hind wing with vein 3 before the angle of cell. 

3173. Anonychia violacea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 279; C. # S. no. 3911. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen greyish fuscous. Fore wing 

grey, suffused with golden brown ; a broad golden brown medial 

band occupying half the wing, the inner edge with two angles, the 

outer produced to a point on vein 5 and with two indentations 

above veins 2 and 3 ; a black speck on grey patch at end of cell ; 

traces of a waved grey submarginal line ; some dark marginal 

striae. Hind wing pale grey, with speck at end of cell and traces 

of sinuous postmedial line, prominent on underside, which has dark 

irroration. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 32 millim. 
\j 

3174. Anonychia rostrifera, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 330; C. $ S. 

no. 3868 a. 

Differs from violacea in the head, thorax, abdomen, and fore 
wing being clear grey ; palpi and antennae ochreous. Fore wing 
with the band edged by yellow lines, its colour almost black, paling 
to grey patches on costal and inner areas, its inner edge almost 
evenly curved, its outer produced to a longer point on vein 5 and 
to a short point above vein 1 ; no marginal striae. Underside 
ochreous with dark irroration. 

Hab. Murree; Thimdiani. Exp. 34 millim. 

3175. Anonychia grisea, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 172; C. $ S. no. 3909. 
Differs from rostrifera in the band of the fore wing having no 



ANONYCHIA. — HETEROLOCHA. 179 

dark on it, or only a narrow dark belt inside the edges, which are 
rufous, the inner edge almost straight, the outer with an even 
curve from the point to inner margin. Hind wing with the post- 
medial line almost straight. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

3176. Anonychia lativitta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 279 ; C.$S. no. 3910 

Differs from rostrifera in the ground-colour being red-brown ; 
the band of fore wing very broad, occupying the medial half of 
wing, dark throughout, and with two curves below the angle ; the 
margin with dark suffusion from below apex to outer angle. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 38 millim. 



^ t / Genus HETEEOLOCHA. 

Heterolocha, Led. VerJi, zool-bot. Ges. Wien, hi, p. 207 (1853). 

Type, H. laminaria, H.-S., from Syria. 

Range. Syria ; Japan ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Palpi porrect and hairy ; antennae of male bipectinated to near 
apex, with the branches long ; hind tibiae not dilated. Pore wing 
with the apex somewhat produced and acute ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked with 7, 8, 9, 
anastomosing with 12, then 10 becoming coincident with 
8 and 9. 

A. Palpi hardly reaching beyond the frons. 

3177. Heterolocha phsenicotseniata, Koll. H'uyeVs Kaschmir, W, 

p. 487 ; Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 133, figs. 6,6a; C. $ S. no. 3195. 
Heterolocha incolorata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 449. 

Straw-yellow ; palpi rufous. Pore wing with the basal costal 

area pale pink; a pink ante- 
medial band ; both wings with 
a spot at end of cell and band 
from apex to inner margin be- 
yond middle, expanding into a 
dark patch above inner margin 
of fore wing. The females and 
-p- 97 rarely the males have the bands 

Heterolocha phcsnico'tcsniata, J. i. of Dot ^ wings much reduced 

and indistinct. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 32 millim. 

B. Palpi reaching well beyond the frons. 

3178. Heterolocha falconaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1665; C. & S. 

no. 3680. * 

Differs from phcenicotceniata in being orange-yellow- ; the oblique 

n2 




J 



-s 






180 GEOMETRID^. 

band usually narrower, with some dark specks on it towards apex 
of fore wing, without the dark patch above inner margin, and 
arising on hind wing from before the apex. 

Hob. Punjab ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhhn. Exp., S 36, $ 38 
millim . 

Sect. II. Tore wing with vein 10 stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; 11 free ; 
palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints long. 

./ 3179. Heterolocha patalata, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 132, figs. 9, 9a; 
, C. Sf S. no. 3194. / 

1\larcala varians, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 487. 

S . Head, thorax, and fore wing bright green, pinkish brown, or 
bright pink, irrorated with fuscous ; the last with dark ante- and 
postmedial blotches on the costa ; traces of an antemedial line ; a 
postmedial line highly angled below costa and joined by a streak 
from apex, then double and oblique, and sometimes with a dark 
blotch beyond it above inner margin. Hind wing pale ochreous, 
with a dark spot at end of cell and obliquely curved postmedial 
purple band; the apex and anal angle suffused with purplish, or 
with green in the green specimens. Underside with green post- 
medial line to fore wing joining the oblique line. 

Bab. Eampur; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

Sect. III. Tore wing with veins 10 and 11 from cell, 
11 anastomosing with 12. 

3180. Heterolocha desistaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1073 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3679. 

$ . Yellowish with a vinous tinge, irrorated and suffused with 
fuscous. Tore wing with ante- and postmedial oblique lines, with 
yellowish inner edge to former and outer edge to latter, which is 
bent at vein 3 ; a diffused dark mark beyond discocellulars. Hind 
wing with traces of spot at end of cell and medial line. 

Hob. "N. India." Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus VENILIA. 

Venilia, Bup. Cat. Up. Eur. p. 266 (1844). 
Pseudopanthera, Hilbn. Verz. p. 295 (? 1818), non descr. 
Therapis, Hilbn. Verz. p. 287. 
Caustoloma, Led. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, iii, p. 209 (1853). 

Tvpe, V. macuhria, Linn., from Europe. 

Range. Europe ; Syria ; Amur ; Himalayas. 

Palpi slight, hairy, and reaching beyond the frons ; hind tibia? 
not dilated. Eore wing somewhat produced at apex ; the outer 
margin excurved at middle ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle ; 10 free. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

In the typical section vein 11 of fore wing anastomoses with 12 ; 
antennas of male with appressed serrations. 




VENILIA. — LOXASPILATES. 181 

Sect. II. Fore wing with vein 11 free. 

A. (Caustoloina). Antennae of male hipectinate ; 
hind wing emarginate. 

B. Antenna of male with oppressed serrations ; hind wing with the 
outer margin rounded. 

3181. Venilia himalayica, Koll. Hiigefs Kaschmir, iv, p. 485 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3197. 
Hyperytkra ermomosaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1498; C. fy 8. 
no. 3145. 

Bright yellow ; head and collar chocolate-brown; wings irrorated 

with fuscous. Fore wing with 
the base of costa chocolate ; 
chocolate strigae and one medial 
and two postmedial spots on 
costa ; a medial patch on inner 
margin ; traces of ante- and 
postmedial lines. Hind wing 
prominently irrorated; a 
pig g^ slightly sinuous medial line ; 

Venilia himalayica, <$ . \. cilia of both wings chocolate. 

Underside with prominent 
rufous specks conjoined in parts into patches. 
Hah. Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

^Oenus LOXASPILATES. 

Loxaspilates, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 413. 

Type, L. obliquaria, Moore. 

Range. Afghanistan; Himalayas. 

Palpi slender, porrect, and hairy, reaching beyond a short sharp 
frontal tuft ; antennae thickened and flattened in male; hind tibiae 
dilated. Fore wing produced and acute at apex ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars, which 
are angled ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, from before upper angle ; 11 free. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; the discocellulars 
angled. 

3182. Loxaspilates obliquaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 649; C. fy S. 

no. 3681. 

Ochreous ; palpi fuscous at sides ; abdomen irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing irrorated with fuscous ; the costa blackish at 
base; black spots on discocellulars, origin of vein 2, on vein 1 
before middle, and sometimes on the subcostals ; an oblique post- 
medial line with brownish suffusion beyond it ; a slightly sinuous 
submarginal band of brownish suffusion, with four black specks ou 
it near apex and two towards outer angle, or the series may be 
more or less complete ; a marginal series of specks. Hind wing 



182 



GEOMETRIM!. 



ochreous white, the inner area irrorated with fuscous and crossed 
by a short medial band; a marginal series of specks. 




Pig. 99. — Loxaspilates obliquaria, $ . j. 



A yellow variety has the markings obsolescent and very little 
fuscous irroration. 

Hob. Afghanistan; N.W. Himalayas; Sikhim. Exp. 42-54 
millim. 

318$. Loxaspilates hastigera, Butl III. Het. vii, p. 112, pi. 137, 
figs. 4, 5. 

Differs from obliqimria in the postmedial line of fore wing being 
siuuous ; the series of black spots very prominent and dentate ; 
hind wing with the irroration and band on inner area almost 
obsolete. 

A yellow variety has the series of black spots on fore wing small 
and rounded. Another variety is thickly irrorated with black 
spots on fore wing and fuscous on hind wing; fore wing much 
suffused with fuscous ; the spots on the lines large and rounded, 
the marginal series large ; patagia with black spots. 

Hcib. Afghanistan; Dharmsala; Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

3184. Loxaspilates dispar, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 413, pi. 30, fig. 14. 

2 . Chestnut. Fore wing with diffused fuscous antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal somewhat oblique lines ; the post- 
medial with a large semicircular fuscous patch on its outer edge, 
the submarginal sinuous and with a dark spot at vein 5 ; a dark 
spot at end of cell. Hind wing much paler, with indistinct spot 
at end of cell, postmedial obliquely curved line, and marginal 
series of specks. 

Hob. Sikhim, 13,000 feet. Exp. 40 millim. 



; 



* Genus STEN0RUMIA, nov. 



Type, S. ablunata, Gruen. 

Range. Himalayas. 

Palpi slender, roughly scaled, and not reaching beyond the frons ; 
antennae uf male with appressed serrations ; hind tibia? not dilated. 
Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced ; the outer margin 
erect ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from 



STENORUJMIA. — BTTMIA. 183 

upper angle; 11 anastomosing with 12, then with 10, which anas- 
tomoses with 8 and 9. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell ; 6 and 7 stalked. 

3185. Stenorumia duplicilinea, n. sp. 

c? . Pale yellow or ochreous. Pore wing irrorated with reddish 
fuscous ; a curved line from apex to base and oblique line from 
apex to middle of inner margin, the areas immediately above the 
former and beyond the latter without irroration, which is thickest 
between the lines. 

Bab. Dalhousie {Harford). Exp. 42 millim. Type in B.M. 
I 

3186. Stenorumia ablunata, Guen. Phal. i. p. 110 ; C. $ 8. no. 3664. 
Opisthog-raptis pangiaria, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 123, fig. 4 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3b66. 

Differs from duplicilinea in being lemon-yellow without fuscous 
irroration. Pore wing with the costa rufous ; a fuscous spot at 
end of cell ; the curved line from below the costa and before apex 
to inner margin near base ; the outer line less oblique. Hind 
wing with a postmedial line between veins 2 and 4 ; cilia of both 
wings reddish. 

Bab. 'N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 26 millim. 

3187. Stenorumia longipennis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 403. 

c? . Bright lemon-yellow. Pore wing with slight rufous irrora- 
tion ; very oblique rufous lines from costa beyond middle and from 
apex. Hind wing much paler, with traces of an oblique postmedial 
series of dark specks. 

Bab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 42 inillim. 

^ Genus RUMIA. 

Rumia, Dup. Hist. Nat., Nocturnes, iv, 2, p. 117 (1829). 
Opisthograptis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 292 (? ] 818), non descr. — 

Type, R. luteolata, Linn. 

Range. Europe; Himalayas. 

Palpi slight, hairy, and usually reaching beyond the frons ; 
antennae of male with appressed serrations ; hind tibiae not dilated. 
Pore wing of male with fovea ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 
stalked, from before upper angle ; 10 absent. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from just before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Palpi reaching beyond the frons ; fore wing 
with vein 11 free. 

3188. Rumia crataegata, Linn. Faun. Suee. p. 336; Syst. Nat. i, 2, p. 868. 
Phalsena luteolata, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. x, p. 52o. 

Rumia mimulina, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 388 ; C. 8f S. no. 3665. 

Bright sulphur-yellow ; palpi rufous. Pore wing with rufous 
basal patch on costa ; two antemedial costal spots with dusky 
waved lines from them to inner margin, on which there is a rufous 



184 geqmeteidjE. 

spot between them. Hind wing with spot at end of cell ; obliquely- 
waved medial and curved waved postmedial lines ; cilia of both 
wings chequered with rufous. 

One specimen has the apical rufous patch much reduced. 

Hab. Europe ; N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 38-50 millim. 

V 

3189. Rumia tridentifera, Moore, Zep. Atk. p, 230 ; C. fy S. no. 3668. 



\. 


^ ' "J**'***"-- 


J^ vf 




ff '''!■■ • * ' 


- *'& 




"\ ' ■ ' 


V 






:J 




Fig. 100. — Bumia tridentifera, $ . 

Differs from luteolata in the shoulders being rufous. Fore 
wing more or less irrorated with fuscous ; the costa rufous ; the 
waved lines usually obsolete and represented by series of red and 
dark specks ; the red patch at end of cell broader. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 50-54 mm. 

3190. Rumia sulphurea, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 123 • id. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 114, fig. 6 ; C. fy S. no. 3667. 

Differs from tridentifera in the basal area of fore wing being 
almost entirely ferruginous red ; the area beyond the postmedial 
waved line ferruginous red, except the apical half of margin and 
the veins. Hind wing with no medial line and some rufous 
beyond the postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 46 millim. 

3191. Rumia molleri, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 403, pi. 31, fig. 12. 

<$ . Eich luteous yellow. Fore wing with two very indistinct 
dusky waved antemedial lines ; a large rich chocolate tridentate 
spot from costa to lower angle of cell ; an indistinct oblique line 
from a chocolate speck on costa of fore wing near apex to middle 
of inner margin of hind wing ; chocolate specks on apex of fore 
wing and on cilia of both wings. Hind wing with indistinct 
crenulate postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 54 mm. 

Sect. IT. Palpi not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae of male 
serrate and ciliated ; fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing 
with 12. 

3192. Rumia irrorata, n. sp. 

3 . Yellowish white, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with 
fuscous at base of costa ; an antemedial band of fuscous specks ; 



KUMIA. CORYMICA. 185 

a broad medial band with sinuous outer edge ; submarginal blotches 
towards costa and inner margin. 

5 . Sparsely and evenly irrorated with fuscous and without 
markings. 

Hob. Dalhousie {Harford). Exp. 30 millim. Type in B.M. 

Genus CORYMICA. — ^*^ 

teorvmica, Wlk. Cat xx, p. 230 (1860). 
.Caprilia, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1568 (1866). 
Thiopsyche, Butt. A. M. N. JEL. (5) i, p. 393 (1878). 

Type, C. armaria, AVlk. 

Range. Japan ; Himalayas : INilgiris ; Travancore ; Ceylon ; 
Khasis ; Burma. 

Palpi reaching well beyond the frons and fringed with hair ; 
antennae of male ciliated; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore wing of 
male with a very large fovea of hyaline membrane ; the apex acute 
and somewhat produced ; the outer margin crenulate near apex ; 
the inner margin highly excised from middle to outer angle ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10 absent ; 
11 anastomosing with 12 and connected with 8 and 9. Hind 
wing with the costa excised beyond middle ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Hind wing of male with a tuft of long hair 
on inner margin. 

3193. Corymica arnearia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 231 ; C. $ 8. no. 3682. 
Caprilia vesicularia, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1569. 

S . Bright yellow; irrorated with rufous ; collar rufous. Fore 
Ming with the basal part of costa rufous, irrorated with white ; 
traces of a curved medial rufous line arising from a spot on the 

costa and ending in a white- 
centred spot on inner margin; 
: a similar post medial spot 

^i^^^^ W^>^—^E^ jf on i nner margin ; a rufous 

patch on apical part of outer 
margin, with a series of 
darker specks on it. Hind 
wing with medial white- 
Fig. 101.— Corymica arnearia, $. \. centred spot on costa ; post- 
medial series of specks ; the 
margin rufous ; cilia of both wings tipped with white. Underside 
with the apical patch more prominent. 

Bab. Khasis ; Thvetmyo ; Upper Tenasserim ; Borneo. Exp. 
28 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing of male with no tuft on inner margin. 

3194. Cforymica caustolomaria Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 231 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3683. 

J . Differs from arnearia in the fovea being smaller ; wings 




186 GEOMETEID^. 

more irrorated with rufous ; a well-marked medial rufous band 
with waved edges and angled below costa of fore wing. Hind 
wing with prominent marginal band with waved edges. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Travancore. Exp. 26 millim. 

3195. Corymica specularia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1887, p. 649, pi. 33, 
tig. 11 ; C. fy S. no. 3684. 
Thiopsyche pryeri, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 393. -3 
Corymica vitrigera, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 101, pi. 135, fig. 14. 
Corymica exiguinota, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 114, pi. 151. fig. 12. 

Differs from arnearia in being less irrorated with rufous. Fore 
wing with the apical patch large and obsolescent on upperside ; in 
exiguinota from the Nilgiris small and prominent on both sides. 

The forms pryeri from Japan and vitrigera from Dharmsala are 
paler, with the two spots on inner margin of fore wing large and 
conjoined, in the latter enclosing a yellow spot. 

Hah. Japan ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; JNllgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., $ 
30-34, $ 38 millim. 



Genus ILICRINIA. 



Eilicrima, Hiihn. Verz. p. 287 (F 1818). 
Pareilicrinia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 462 (1894). 

Type, 1". cordiaria, Hlibn. 

Range. S. Europe; Syria; N. Asia; China; Japan; N.W. 
Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Assam. 

Palpi hairy and not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae almost 
simple ; hind tibiae not dilated. Eore wing with the costa arched 
towards apex ; vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked, from just before upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. (Ilicrinia). Eore wing with the outer margin 
excised below apex. 

3196. Ilicrinia cordiaria, Hiibn. Beitr. ii, p. 31. 

Ennomos animata, Fisch. v. Rosl. Schmett. p. 45. 
Eilicrinia animaria, Herr.-Schciffer, Scht?iett. Eur. iii, fig. 364. 
Elicrinia nuptaria, Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 80, pi. vii, fig. 5. 
Eilicrinia signigera, Butl. 111. Het. vii, p. 112, pi. 137, fig. 3. 

Brood I. Pale grey, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Eore wing 
with traces of a curved antemedial line ; a large red-brown patch 
on discocellulars with darker outline and centre ; an indistinct 
oblique, slightly sinuous postmedial line arising from a brown spot 
on costa ; the costa brown at middle ; a brown patch on margin 
and cilia at the excision. Hind wing with indistinct speck at end 
of cell and waved postmedial line. 

Brood II. Ochreous yellow, with the postmedial line of hind 
wing very indistinct. 

The form nuptaria from the Amur and Japan is pale lemon- 



ILICEINIA. — EURYTAPHRIA. 187 

yellow ; signigera from Kulii, of which only the ochreous form is 
known, has the discocellular patch of fore wing narrow and no spot 
on the postmedial line. 

Hab. S. Europe ; Syria ; Kirghistan ; Amur ; Japan ; Kulu. 
Exp. 36millim. 

Sect. II. (Parilicrima). Eore wing with the costal and 
outer margins evenly curved. 

3197. llicrinia flava, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 233, pi. 8, fig. 2; C. fy S. 
no. 3231. 

3 . Bright yellow, irrorated with a few black scales. Eore wing 
with an obliquely curved antemedial rufous line, obsolescent towards 
costa ; a dark spot with wiiite centre at end of cell ; an almost 
straight postmedial rufous line ; a rufous patch on margin below 
apex. Hind wing with black speck at end of cell and straight 
rufous postmedial line. 

Hab. Chekiang , China ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 40 
millim. 

Genus EUEYTAPHRIA. 

Eurytaphria, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 409. 

Type, E. undilineata, Warr. 

Range. Sikhim ; Travancore ; Burma. 

Palpi reaching beyond the frons and thickly scaled ; hind tibiae 
not dilated. Eore wing with the apex rounded, vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 7, 8, 9, 10, 
11 stalked, from before upper angle ; 11 touching 12, then giving 
off 10 to anastomose with 8 and 9. Hind wing with the outer 
margin crenulate ; vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennas bipectinated, with the branches shorter 
in the female than the male. 

3198. Eurytaphria undilineata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 410. 

Grey, irrorated with fuscous and slightly suffused with rufous. 

Eore wing with the disk more prominently suffused with rufous ; 

some fuscous at base of costa ; 
a fuscous antemedial line 
angled below costa and median 
nervure; a speck at end of 
cell ; a postmedial line highly 
excurved at middle, where it 
sends two dentate marks to 
the outer margin, and with a 

Fig. 102.— Eurytaphria undilineata, J J., subapical speck beyond it. 

Hind wing with a speck at 

end of cell and curved postmedial series of specks on the veins ; 




188 GEOMETRIC. 

both wings with dark marginal line and the cilia chequered grey 
and fuscous. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Travancore ; Toungoo. Exp. 24 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male serrate, of female simple. 

3199. Eurytaphria bisinuata, n. sp. 

<$ . Differs from undilineata in being darker and more irrorated 
with black. Tore wing with no rufous suffusion ; the postmedial 
line further from the margin, evenly sinuous, and not excurved at 
the middle. Hind wing with the postmedial line nearer the end 
of cell. 

2 . With some black beyond the inner half of postmedial line of 
fore wing. (Described as the female of the last species.) 

Hob. Sikhim (Elives). Exp., <$ 30, $ 36 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. . 

7; Genus PEETULA. 
Peetula, Moore, Lep?Atk. p. 230 (1887). 

Type, P. exanthemata, Moore. 

Range. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. 

Palpi hairy and hardly reaching beyond the frons ; antennas of 
male bipectinated to apex ; hind tibiae not dilated. Tore wing 
with the apex slightly produced and acute ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, from before upper angle ; 11 
anastomosing with 12 and then with 10 or running close along it. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with the margin crenulate from the apex 
to vein 4. 

3200. Peetula str amine ata, Warr, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 319 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3158 a. 

cJ . Yellow, slightly suffused with fulvous ; the wings prominently 
irrorated with ferruginous spots. Pore wing with indistinct 
curved ante- and postmedial lines ; a spot at end of cell. Hind 
wing with indistinct straight medial line, sometimes obsolete except 
towards inner margin ; a curved postmedial line. Underside with 
the postmedial line more prominent. 

Hob. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 50 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with the outer margin evenly rounded. 

3201. Peetula exanthemata, Moore, Zep. Atk. p. 231 ; C. $ s. 

no. 3:203. 

J . Pale yellow. Pore wing with slight traces of numerous 
lines on the basal half ; large antemedial, medial, and apical 
irregular pink patches with darker edges ; some pink submarginal 
specks and a large spot on inner margin. Hind tting with 



PEETULA. — XENOGRAPHIA. 



189 



some small submarginal pink spots, one below the apex being 



large. 




Fig. 103. — Peetula exanthemata, J • 
Hal. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 



^y 



Genus XENOGRAPHIA. 

Xenographia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 404. 

Type, X. lignataria, "Warr. 

Range. Sikhim; Khiisis; Nagas. 

Palpi upturned and fringed with hair. Fore wing with the 
apex somewhat produced ; the outer margin evenly curved ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, from before upper 
angle. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Palpi with the 3rd joint minute ; antennae minutely 
serrate in male ; hind tibia? somewhat dilated ; hind wing 







\ jtvith the cilia non-crennlate. 



3202. Xenographia lignataria, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 404. 

S . Yellowish white ; palpi black ; abdomen with paired black 
specks on proximal segments ; wings irrorated with rufous. Fore 

wing with slightly waved 

and curved antemedial lines ; 

a rufous speck at end of cell ; 

a postmedial oblique line 

curved below costa and with 

a crenulate line beyond it, 

the distance between them 

increasing at costa ; a diffused 

oblique rufous fascia from 

apex. Hind wing with two 

medial lines obsolete on costal area, the outer minutely waved ; 

both wings with marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

Sect. II. Palpi with the 3rd joint longer and porrect ; antennae 
of male annulate ; hind tibiae not dilated ; hind wing with 
the cilia slightly crenulate. 

3203. Xenographia semifusca, n. sp. 

c3 . Head, thorax, and abdomen dark red-brown; vertex of 




Fig. 104. — Xenographia lignataria, <$ . 



190 GEOMETEID^. 

head and antennae fulvous ; wings irrorated with orange, and 
suffused with dark rufous to beyond cell; the outer half dark 
rufous with some orange on apical area of fore wing. Fore wing 
with indistinct irregular autemedial line ; both w ings with black 
spot at end of cell and crenulate postmedial line with white specks 
on it. 

Bah. Nagas, 6000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 38 millhn. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3204. Xenographia adustata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 229, pi. 8, fig. 20; 

C. Sf S. no. 3175. 

S . Head ochreous ; thorax and abdomen fuscous brown. Fore 
wiug with the basal area suffused with fuscous brown ; the medial 
area ochreous with fulvous and brown irroration, this area being 
contracted below the cell ; a black cell-spot ; the outer area fuscous 
brown, having ochreous patches irrorated with fulvous on costa 
before apex and on outer margin below apex and above outer 
angle. Hind wing with the basal area and beyond the postmedial 
line suffused with fuscous ; the medial and marginal areas ochreous, 
with fulvous and dark irroration ; a black cell-speck. 

Bab. Khasis. Exp. 28 millim. 

Genus SPILOPERA. 

Spilopera, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 402. 
Erinnvs, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 415 (prasocc). 
^ 4_ Callerinnys, Warr. Nov. Zool.y. 447 (1894). 

Type, S. dehilis, Butl., from Japan. 

Range. Japan ; Sikhim ; Assam ; Burma ; Ceylon. 

Palpi porrect, hairy, and reaching beyond the frons ; antennae 
of male nearly simple. Fore wing with the outer margin usually 
angled at vein 4 ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, 
from near upper angle ; 10 present. Hind wing with the outer 
margin angled at vein 4 ; 3 from near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. (Spilopera). Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 free ; male 
with the hind tibiae not dilated. 

3205. Spilopera gracilis, Butl A.M.N. H. (5) iv, p. 371. 
Spilopera umbrata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 403. 

•te^. ^\ ^^3 / -^ a ^ e ocareous > irrorated with 

^zS^s / fuscous; the head yellower. Fore 

wing with indistinct fuscous 

medial line incurved in cell; a 

black speck in cell ; an oblique 

postmedial fuscous band ; a dark 

gracilis, S. \. P atch on outer _ margin below 

apex. Hind wing with black 

spot at end of cell and oblique postmedial fuscous band ; a dark 




SPILOPERA. 191 

patch on outer margin below apex. Hind wing with black spot at 
end of cell and oblique postmedial line. Underside with the 
postinedial line rufous. 

Hab. Japan ; Khasis ; Margharita, Assam. Exp., <$ 34, 2 42 
rnillim. 



Sect. II. {Caller innys). Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 
7, 8, 9 ; 11 often anastomosing with 12. 

A. Outer margin of each wing angled at vein 4 ; hind tihice of male 
dilated, with a fold and tuft. 

3206. Spilopera fuscomargiuata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 407. 

2 • Reddish ochreous, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with 
indistinct waved antemedial line ; annulus at end of cell ; an oblique 
white line from apex of fore wing to inner margin of hind wing 
beyond middle, with a chestnut band inside it with irregular inner 
edge on fore wing, the area beyond it chestnut, with a pale patch 
at middle of outer area of each wing ; hind wing with black spot 
at end of cell. Underside without the chestnut areas and with 
black specks on the postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 32 milliin. 

3207. Spilopera anomala, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 406. 

$ . Purplish grey, suffused with chestnut and irrorated with 
black. Fore wing with indistinct antemedial series of black specks ; 
a spot with white centre at end of cell of each wing ; an oblique 
postmedial black and white line angled below apex of fore wing, and 
w r ith black patches before and beyond it above inner margin ; 
the subapical outer area of fore wing chestnut. Underside paler, 
with black specks on the postmedial line. 
Hab. E. Pegu. Exp. 38 miUim. 
J 

3208. Spilopera hepaticata, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 200. 

J . Eeddish brown, largely suffused with purplish leaden grey. 
Fore wing w T ith indistinct brown antemedial line angled in cell : a 
speck at end of cell ; two sinuous postmedial lines, the inner 
indistinct ; a very ill-defined and broken submarginal band. Hind 
wing with traces of antemedial line ; speck at end of cell ; post- 
medial line excurved at lower angle of cell ; traces of a submarginal 
line. Underside with speck at end of cell of each wing ; a post- 
medial line sinuous on fore wing, curved on hind wing. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 35 milliin. 

J 

3209. Spilopera combusta, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 415. 

Ochreous, irrorated with black and suffused with rufous. Fore 
wing with dark spot at end of cell and below origin of vein 2 ; an 
oblique sinuous postmedial line, with the area beyond it suffused 



192 GEOMETRIC. 

with rufous and fuscous except at middle. Hind wing with, 
irregularly waved medial line, with rufous suffusion on its inner edge 
and a white patch beyond its middle ; a nearly straight postmedial 
line with the area beyond it suffused with rufous. Underside paler, 
with dark rufous patches beyond the postmedial line below apex 
and on inner area of fore wing and on the whole apical area of 
hind wing, below which it narrows. 

The Ceylon specimen has the basal half of both wings 
blotched with rufous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Ceylon. Exp. 35 millim. 

3210. Spilopera ferrifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 255, pi. viii, fig. 17 ; 
C. 8f S. no. 4002. 

S . White, irrorated with brown ; frons rufous ; abdomen with a 
rufous band on second segment. Eore wing with the costa rufous ; 
indistinct subbasal and medial brown bands, the former with dark 
specks on the veins beyond it, the latter with slight streaks on the 
veins ; outer area rufous, broken by patches of the ground-colour 
at apex and middle, its inner edge sinuous and with traces of sinuous 
postmedial and submarginal white lines on it. Hind wing with 
indistinct antemedial band and series of specks ; outer area as in fore 
wdng. Underside with indistinct sinuous blackish antemedial band 
and broad black postmedial band with waved edges. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 30 milliin. 



3211. Spilopera? divaricata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 250, pi. 8, fig. 15; 

C. $ S. no. 3518. 

S . Ochreous yellow 7 . Fore wing with outwardly oblique 
ochreous-brown medial band, which meets at inner margin a nearly 
erect and similar postmedial band, beyond which are two postmedial 
and one submarginal sinuous lines, all conjoined towards inner margin 
and the outer two not reaching the costa ; a marginal brown line. 
Hind wing with a band from near base of inner margin curving up to 
the costa, then down to the inner margin beyond middle, beyond it 
and joined to it at middle being two other bands, the outer merging 
into a purplish-grey apical patch ; a dark marginal line ; the bands 
of both wings traversed by a whitish line. (Head, abdomen, and 
legs wanting.) 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 

B. Fore iving with the outer margin evenly curved ; hind 

tibice not dilated. 

J 

3212. Spilopera obliquilinea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 229 ; C. 8f S. no. 3177. 
Leptomiza straminea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 406. 

5 . Ochreous, irrorated with rufous. Tore wing with annulus 
at end of cell ; a postmedial line highly angled to below apex, 
then oblique to inner margin and sending a spur inwards to lower 



SPILOPERA. — NADAGARA. 



193 



angle of cell : an oblique line beyond it, the space between the two 
rufous ; a submarginal series of specks. Hind wing with the 
double lines medial, filled in with rufous, and widest at costa; a 
submarginal series of specks. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bhutan; Khasis; Karen Hills. Exp. 34millim. 

/i Genus HYPULIA. 

Hypulia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 205. 

Type, H. dirempta, Wlk. 

Bange. Sikhim; Khasis; Burma; Singapore; Borneo. 

Palpi slight and upturned, the 2nd joint clothed with hair. 
Antennae of male ciliated ; frenulum absent, the costa of the fore 
wing with a fold, of the hind wing arched at base. Tore wing 
with the costa nearly straight ; the apex produced and acute ; 
the outer margin crenulate from apex to vein 4 ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle ; 
10 and 11 stalked and anastomosing with 12. Hind wing with 
the outer margin rounded ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; male 
with the hind wing elliptical; a large patch of long silky scales 
on underside of apical area. 

3213. Hypulia dirempta, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 595 ; C. # S. no. 3479. 
^adagara inipervisata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1687. 

Pale dull green ; fore wing with brown specks on the costa ; 

both wiugs with a rufous 
marginal line ; the cilia white, 
rufous between veins 2 and 
6 of fore wing. Underside 
with the inner area of fore 
wing and whole of hind 
H| JN^ wing thickly striated with 

fuscous. 

Some specimens are reddish 
ochreous, with a black speck at 
end of cell of each wing ; an indistinct submarginal series of black 
specks. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Mouhnein ; E. Pegu; Singapore ; Borneo. 
Exp. 34 milliin. 

Genus NADAGAEA. 
Nadagara, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1093 (1862). 

Type, N. vigaia, Wlk. 

Range. Japan; Khasis; Nilgiris ; Ceylon; Andamans; Borneo. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint hairy and reaching beyond the frontal 
tuft, the 3rd porrect ; antennas of male simple ; hind tibiae not 
dilated. Pore wing produced and acute at apex ; vein 3 from 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before the angle ; 10 given off 
from 11. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell; cilia of both 
wings slightly crenulate. 

VOL. III. O 




Fig. 106. — Hypulia dirempta, c? . 




194 GEOMETEIDJE. 

3214. Nadagara vigaia, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1093 ; Hmpsn. III. Bet. 

viii, pi. 156, fig. 15 ; C. $ S. no. 3887. 

Grey, suffused with pale brown and irrorated with dark brown ; 

head fulvous. Tore wing 
with indistinct curved ante- 
medial line, sometimes with 
dark specks on it ; a dark 
speck at end of cell ; an 
oblique dark line from costa 
before apex to middle of 
inner margin, with diffused 

brown on its inner edge and 
Fig. 107. -Nadagara vigaia, tf. i. wWte Qn ^ outer> Hind 

wing with the line medial; traces of a curved submarginal line; 
cilia of both wings brown. 

Hah. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 40 millim. 

3215. Nadagara comprensata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1095. 

S . Differs from vigaia in having a well-developed antemedial 
line to fore wing angled in the cell ; the outer line better defined 
and less oblique from before the apex of fore wing to beyond 
middle of inner margin of hind wing and curved near the costa of 
fore wing ; a well-defined marginal line. 

Hob. Andamans ; Borneo. Exp. 32 millim. 
[j 

3216. Nadagara inordinata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1094. 

Differs from vigaia in the ground-colour of the wings being 
more variegated with white ; the oblique line with the chestnut 
inside and the black irroration beyond it more prominent and 
with traces of a line beyond it becoming well marked on hind 
wing. 

Hah. Khasis ; Borneo. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus RHYNCHOBAFTA, nov. 

Type, R. cervinaria, Moore. 

Range. Japan ; Sikhim ; Khasis, 

Differs from Nadagara in the fore wing having veins 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked. Hind wing with the outer margin slightly angled at 
vein 4 ; vein 3 from before angle. 

SecTc I. Antennae of male bipectinated with short branches to 
two- thirds length. 

3217. Rhynchobapta cervinaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 233 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3230. 

£ . Purplish grey, irrorated with black, and with a slight ochreous 



'r* 1 




EHTNCHOBAPTA, — LUXIARIA.. 195 

tinge. Fore wing with nearly straight ante- and post-medial lines, 

with rufous beyond the former 

and inside the latter; a black 

speck at end of cell ; some 

rufous suffusion on margin below 

an oblique streak from apex. 

Hind wing with black speck at 

end of cell and nearly straight 

postmedial line with rufous 

inside it. 

r , Fig> 108, ■ * 2 ■ Clearer grey, with the 

Bhynchobapta cervmarm, tf . h ^^ mQre prominent> 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., j 35, $ 44 milhm. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male thickened and flattened. 
3218. Rhynchobapta flaviceps, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 419. /. 

Violaceous grey, with slight darker striation ; the head and 
antennas fulvous. Fore wing with some fulvous on costa ; an 
indistinct rufous line from apex of fore wing to inner margin of 
hind wing above anal angle ; the margin and cilia rufous, the 
latter white-tipped. Underside white, with the costal half of fore 
wing suffused with fulvous to the indistinct curved postmedial line 
which crosses both wings. Abdomen with the anal tuft fulvous, a 
black dorsal spot before it in the Khasi male. 

Hah. Japan ; Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus LTJXIARIA. 

Luxiaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 231 (1860\ 

Bithiodes, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 439 (1894). I* ^ C 

Probithia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 440. 

Type, L. phyllosaria, Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; Himalayas ; Western Grhats ; Ceylon ; Khasis ; 
Burma; Sumatra; Java; Borneo. 

Palpi obliquely porrect, the 2nd joint roughly scaled ; antennas 
minutely ciliated ; hind tibiae of male dilated and with a longitudinal 
fold containing a ridge of silken hair. Fore wing produced and 
somewhat acute at apex ; veiu 3 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, 
from upper angle ; 1 absent ; 1 1 free. 

Sect. I. (Bithiodes). Hind wing of male with the cell short, the 
costal and subcostal nervures being much arched ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; the outer margin crenulate and not 
angled at vein 4. 

3219. Luxiaria contigaria, Wlk. Cat. xxii, p. 754 ; C. § S. no. 3926. ^ . <V. 
(yAcidalia turpisaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 771 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 201, fig. 10; C. S>- S. no. 3961. 
Acidalia inexactata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 770. 
^^/Acidalia subrasata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 773. 

o2 



196 



GEOMETRIC. 



Acidalia subm on strata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 772. 
Acidalia tephrosaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 643 ; C. fy S. no. 3950. 
Luxiaria fasciosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 254 ; C. ty S. no. 4007. 
Luxiaria intensata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 254 ; C. 8f S. no. 4008. 
Luxiaria kypaphanes, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 125, pi. 153, 
figs. 7, 14. 

S . Yellowish brown or purplish grey-brown, irrorated with 
fuscous ; head rufous ; both wings with traces of a spot at end of 
cell ; a sinuous medial line ; postmedial and submarginal waved 
lines, which are prominent and rufous on underside, the two outer 
being conjoined into a diffused rufous and brown band ; post- 
medial and marginal series of specks on upper side ; underside with 
the apex of fore wing often whitish. 

2 . The ground-colour of upper and undersides much paler. 




Fig. 109. — Luxiaria contigaria, $ . \. 

The form hypaplianes from the Nilgiris is violaceous grey in 
both sexes, fore wing with the apex more falcate, and with three 
dark marks on the costa ; the ground-colour of underside whitish. 
One male has a dark blotch on inner margin of fore wing beyond 
middle. Submonstrata from the Khasis and Borneo is similar, but 
with rounded apex to fore wing. 

Hob. Dharmsala; Sikhim ; Khasis; Mahableshwar ; Nilgiris ; 
Ceylon ; Sumatra ; Borneo. Exp. 38-46 milliin. 



Sect. II. Hind wing of male with the costal and subcostal nervures 
slightly arched ; the cell normal and with vein 3 from the 
angle. 
A. (Probithia). Outer margin of land iving angled at vein 4 
and non-crenulate. 

3220. Luxiaria exclusa, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 320; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 202, fig. 5, and pi. 215, fig. 4 ; C. Sf S. no. 4006. 
Hemerophila praetereuns, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 320. 
Acidalia iinprimata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 771. 
Macaria obstataria. Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 92B. 
Bithia lignaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1600. 

Both sexes coloured as in the female of contigaria. Pore wing 
with a dark lunule on the costa at the postmedial series of specks, 
which is then very oblique and continued on hind wing as an 
antemedial line; hind wing with the series of specks medial 



LUXIAEIA. — CASSTMA. 197 

instead of postmedial. Underside ochreous, with the markings 
prominent, rufous, and with waved postmedial and submarginal 
bands. 

Some specimens are suffused with brown and one has the outer 
area of both wings brown. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; N. Canara ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Borneo ; 
Java. Exp. 40-46 millim. 

3221. Luxiaria postvittata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 759. 

Macaria honoraria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 928 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 205, fig. 12 ; C.Sf S. no. 3640. . 

Macaria perrnotaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii. p. 929- «£. 

Differs from exclusa in the fore wing having a black spot at 
middle of costa and two towards apex; hind wing with the 
medial line prominent and black on inner half. Underside with 
the postmedial line of both wings straight and oblique. 

Hob. Sylhet; Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

B. Outer margin of hind wing angled at vein 6 and 
non-crenulate. 

3222. Luxiaria obliquata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 254 ; C. $ S. no. 4009. 

Differs from exclusa in the fore wing having the medial line 
and band not so oblique ; two short submarginal bands instead of 
a pale waved line on a band ; no dark postmedial line on costa. 
Hind wing with the antemedial line and postmedial band not so 
oblique ; two marginal bands. Underside with postmedial series 
of specks to both wings instead of waved line. P^ 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 50 millim. 

C. (Luxiaria). Outer margin of hind wing rounded and 
non-crenulate. 

3223. Luxiaria phyllosaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 82 ; C. $ S. no. 4010. 
Luxiaria alfenusaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 232. 

Orange- yellow. Fore wing with small antemedial and medial 
dark spots on costa and large grey-brown postmedial patch ; the 
outer one with a purplish tinge except at apex. Hind wing with 
broad submarginal purplish band. Underside with the marginal 
band of fore wing and submarginal of hind wing rich chocolate - 
brown, with two indistinct waved lines on it. 

The Bornean and Javan form is greyer. 

Hah. Khasis ; Borneo ; Java. Exp. 40 millim, 

VGenus CASSYMA. 

Cassyma, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 17 (1857). 
Eutsea, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 217 (1860). 
• Nustidava, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1572 (1862). 

Type, C. quadrinata, Guen., from Borneo. 
Range. Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Borneo : Java. 



198 geometrid^e. 

c* . Differs from Luxiaria in the abdomen being very long and 
slender. Pore wing narrower and more produced. Hind wing 
with the outer margin angled at veins 4 and 6 and with long cilia 
between those points and at anal angle; vein 8 well separated 
from 7, which is arched, the cell being short and veins 6 and 7 
running close along each other to near the margin; the disco- 
cellulars very short, vein 4 being much arched and running close 
along 6 and 7, then depressed near the margin. 

3224. Cassyma heteroneurata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 19. 

Euteea personaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 217. 
Nustidava unilineata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1573. 

$ . Ochreous, irrorated with brown. Fore wing with three 
dark specks on the costa ; traces of a medial oblique line ; an 
oblique line from below apex to middle of inner margin, towards 




Fig. 110. — Cassyma heteroneurata, <$ . \. 

which it becomes double ; some dark specks on margin below apex. 
Hind wing with speck at end of cell ; a prominent oblique medial 
band and traces of a sinuous submarginal line. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Java ; Borneo. Eocp. 40-52 millim. 



Genus ZAMARADA. 
Zamarada, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 432 (1887). 

Type, Z. translucida, Wlk:, from Borneo. 

Range. Throughout Africa ; Assam Hills ; Ganjam ; Nilgiris ; 
Ceylon ; Perak ; Java ; Borneo. 

Palpi short, porrect, and roughly scaled ; antennae bipectinate to 
two-thirds length in both sexes, the branches longer in male than 
in female ; hind tibiae not dilated. Pore wing with vein 3 from 
angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked from upper angle; 10 absent; 11 
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 

3225. Zamarada translucida, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 432, pi. 197, 
tig. 2; C. $S. no. 3/515. 
Zamarada excisa, Hmpsn. Ul Met. viii, p. 110. 

Head ochreous; thorax and abdomen purplish grey, irrorated 




ZAMARADA. — KRANANDA. 199 

with fuscous ; wings yellow hyaline, with a few dark striae ; a 

small basal patch and broad mar- 
ginal band purplish grey, irrorated 
with fuscous, deeply indented be- 
tween veins 2 and 4 of each 
wing, and with a submarginal series 
of rufous and silvery lunules on it 
interrupted at the indention; a 
Fig. 111. dark speck at end of cell of fore 

Zamarada translucida, <$ . \. w [ nfy 

Hah. Khasis ; Nagas ; Ganjam ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Perak ; 
Borneo. Exp. 58 millim. 

3226. Zamarada cosmiaria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 155. 

cf . Differs from translucida in being much greener hyaline ; both 
wings with the marginal band narrower and redder, the sinus on 
fore wing not so deep, its inner edge on hind wing sinuous but 
without a sinus. 

Hah. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 28 millim. 



i 



,;y\Genus KRANANDA. 

Krananda, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 648. 
V Zanclopera, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 441 (1894). 

Type, K. semihyalina, Moore. 

Range. Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Palpi thickly scaled and not reaching beyond the frons ; antennae 
of male minutely fasciculated ; hind tibiae dilated. Pore wing 
with fovea ; the costa highly arched towards apex, which is highly 
falcate ; the inner margin with long hair at middle ; outer angle 
lobed and with long cilia ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked from upper angle; 10 absent; 11 free. Hind wing with 
the outer margin produced to a long point at vein 7 ; vein 3 from 
just before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Krananda). Both wings with the outer margin 
crenulate. 

f 3227. Krananda semihyalina, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867. p. 648 ; C. $ S 

' ' no. 3661. 

Krananda diversa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 440. 

Brownish grey ; collar fringed with brown ; wings hyaline ; 
the veins, costa, and outer third grey-brown irrorated with black. 
Fore wing with traces of antemedial and medial dark double lines ; 
a pale lunule on discocellulars ; a sinuous dark line bounding the 
hyaline area and excurved between veins 2 and 4. Hind wing 
with the inner area grey-brown ; traces of an antemedial dark 



200 GEOMETRID^!. 

band ; the hyaline area angled beyond cell ; both -wings with a 
series of submarginal hyaline spots. Underside with diffused 
rufous and fuscous beyond the hyaline area. 




Fig. 112. — Krananda semihyalina, <$ . \. 
Hah. Dalhousie ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 48, $ 58 millim. 

3228. Krananda oliveomarginata, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, 

p. 139. 

<$ . White ; thorax suffused with pale olive-green. Wings with 
the basal two-thirds irrorated with pale olive ; the area beyond the 
sinuous white postmedial line pale olive, with a waved white 
submarginal line at costa of fore wing and from vein 7 to anal 
angle of hind wing; fore wing with an oblique olive patch on 
middle of costa and a similar patch on inner margin beyond 
middle ; some black marks above outer angle ; both wings with 
minute black cell-specks. 

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

Sect. II. (Zanclopem). Both wings with the outer margin 
non-crenulate. 

3229. Krananda falcata, Warr. Nov. Zool p. 441. 

c? . Ochreous, striated with brown. Fore wing with dark 
specks on costa; an indistinct submarginal line with some dark 
specks inside it below middle; a large dark lunule above inner 
margin and spot beyond it. Hind wing with traces of postmedial 
band with a series of specks inside it ; both wings with the cilia 
dark rufous. Underside with dark rufous postmedial band promi- 
nent on both wings. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 



' 



Genus ZEHEBA. 



Zehoha, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 468 (1887). 

Type, Z. lucidata, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Java ; Borneo ; 
Cape York. 



ZEHEBA. — MACARIA. 



201 



Palpi short, porrect, and roughly scaled ; antennae of male 
ciliated ; hind tibiae dilated, with a fold and tuft of long hair on 
inner side. Tore wing highly falcate at apex ; the outer margin 
excised from the apex to vein 4, then oblique to outer angle ; 
vein 3 from angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10 absent: 11 free. 
Hind wing with the cell short and broad ; veins 7 and 8 being 
much arched near base ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; the outer 
margin produced to points at the veins in male, highly angled at 
vein 4 in female. 



3230. Zeheba lucidata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1651. 

Evarzia marginata, Wile. Cat. xxxv, p. 1561 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 205, fig. 8 ; C. $ S. no. 3654. 
Zeheba aureata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 263 ; C. fy S. no. 3653. 

(S . Ochreous white ; palpi and frons brownish. "Wings semi- 
hyaline. Eore wing with traces 
of oblique antemedial and 
medial reddish lines ; a speck 
at end of cell. Hind wing 
with speck at end of cell and 
indistinct medial line ; both 
wings with a curved sub- 
marginal line with rufous suf- 
fusion beyond it ; a rufous 
marginal line. Underside with 
brighter rufous on marginal 

area ; the apex of fore wing and most of the margin of hind wing 

pale. 

2 • Yellower, with the marginal area of both wings much broader, 

the line on its inner edge postmedial. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Java ; Borneo ; Cape 

York. Exp., S 42, $ 38 millim. 




Fig. 113. — Zeheba lucidata, $ . \. 



A 



Genus MACARIA. 



Macaria, Curt. Brit. Ent. vi, pi. 132 (1823). 

Semiothisa, Hiibn. Verz. p. 298 (? 1818), non descr. 

Gonodela, Boisd. Ind. Meth. p. 186 (1840). 

Evarzia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 273 (1860). 

Azata, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 272. 

Gubaria, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 464 (1887). 

Type, M. liturata, Linn., from Europe. 

Bange. Universally distributed. 

Palpi hairy, obliquely porrect, and reaching beyond the short 
frontal tuft ; antennae of male ciliated, rarely serrate. Eore wing 
of male with a fovea ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked 
from upper angle; 10 absent; 11 free. Hind wing with the 
outer margin strongly angled at vein 4 and slightly at vein 6; 
vein 3 from angle of cell. 



202 



GEOMETRID^. 



Sect. I. Fore wing with, the outer margin evenly rounded ; 
hind tibiae of male not dilated. 

3231. Macaria arenaria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1884, p. 527, pi. 48, fig. 13 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 3617. 

2 • Pale ochreous, irrorated with pale brown. Tore wing with 
indistinct oblique antemedial and medial lines, the former angled 
below the costa ; a dark spot at end of cell ; a double oblique 
submarginal line, with indistinct dark patch on it at middle. 
Hind wing with indistinct medial and double postmedial lines. 

Hah. Karachi ; Mhow. Exp. 32 millim. 

3232. Macaria frugaliata, Gum. Phal. ii, p. 78 ; C. 8> S. no. 3610. 
Macaria peremptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 929 ; C. fy S. no. 3626. 
Macaria cacavena, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 930 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 204, rigs. 11, 12 ; C. $ S. no. 3619. 

Differs from arenaria in being thickly irrorated with fuscous ; 
the medial line of both wings much more diffused ; the sub- 
marginal line with dark suffusion beyond it. Underside with 
submarginal dark band instead of the double lines. 

Hah. Dharmsala ; Karachi ; Bombay and Madras Presidencies ; 
Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. II. (Macaria). Fore wing with the outer margin slightly 
angled at vein 4. 

A. Male with the hind tibice dilated. 

. 3233. Macaria fasciata, Fair. Syst. Ent. p. 629 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 203, figs. 6 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S.no. 3632. / 

Phalasna eleonora, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii, p. 172, pi. 288, figs. E, 
F, G. 

Macaria victorinata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 90. 

3 . Slaty grey ; palpi, antennae, and abdomen (except on dorsum) 
orange. Fore wing with indistinct curved and waved antemedial 
line ; a broad white medial band not reaching costa, with a line 




Fig. 114. — Macaria fasciata, 3. \. 

beyond it bent outwards below the costa and nearly met by a 
fuscous orange-speckled blotch from the costa ; cilia white, fuscous 
below apex. Hind wing with broad medial white band enclosing 



MACAEIA. 203 

a speck at end of cell, and with a dark line on its outer edge, beyond 
which are two orange blotches irrorated with black, the lower, and 
often the upper, with a black patch at centre ; cilia white. Under- 
side with the base of wings orange. 

2 . More irrorated with fuscous ; often suffused with rufous, 
and with the pale band grey ; the cilia fuscous. Underside with 
the outer area suffused with orange and blotched with white. 

A melanism from the Khasis is almost entirely suffused with 
black. 

Larva green, with dorsal and sublateral yellow stripes ; or brown 
with the stripes white. Food -plant, Mimosa concinna. 

Hob. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Andamans. Exp. 
42 millim. 

3234. Macaria inchoata, Wlk. Cat xxiii, p. 931 ; C.fyS. no. 3642. o 

Differs from fasciata in being pale reddish brown ; the band 
hardly differentiated except by the line on its outer edge ; the 
patches beyond it on hind wing slight ; the cilia concolorous. 
Underside with the basal orange area irrorated with white. 

This approaches very near the rufous form of fasciata, and may 
be only a variety. 

Hah. Bombay ; Nilgiris ; Moulmein. Exp. 42 millim. 

3235. Macaria subalbataria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 428. J?^ 

Differs from inchoata in being greenish fuscous in tone ; hind, 
wing with no patches beyond the band. 

Hab. N. Canara ; Nilgiris. Exp. 42 millim. 

3236. Macaria nora, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 934 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii 

pi. 203, figs. 5, 5 a ; C. $ S. no. 3634. 2_ 
Macaria neonora, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 934. 

Differs from fasciata in being suffused with black, especially 
beyond the medial band of both wings. Fore wing with a black 
speck at end of cell ; hind wing with the black patches beyond 
the band more numerous ; a white patch on the outer area below 
vein 4. 

Bab. Throughout India and Ceylon. Exp. 42 millim. 

3237. Macaria xanthonora, Wlk. Cat xxiii, p. 935 ; Butl. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 118, fig. 12 j C.8f S. no. 3635. / 

Differs from nora in having the outer part of the band of fore 
wing suffused with orange ; the band of hind wing orange except 
its inner edge ; the black patches as 'm. fasciata and no white patch 
on outer area. Underside with the whole hind wing orange as 
far as the outer edge of the band. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Burma. Exp. 42 
millim. 



204 GEOMETEID^. 



n 



3238. Macaria elvirata, Guen. Thai. % p. 90: C. fy S. no. 3631. / 
Azelina metagonaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1518 ; Butl. 111. Set. vi, 

pi. 118, fig. 11 ; C. fy S. no. 3633. 
Gonodela khasiana, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 262 ; C. $ S. no. 3643. 
Gonodela apataria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 222. 

Differs from fasciata in the band not being differentiated and 
wholly suffused with purplish grey, or the basal area paler and 
irrorated with fuscous and orange as far as the postmedial line. 
Underside wholly orange ; the area beyond the postmedial line 
more or less blotched with purplish fuscous. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Bombay ; Nilgiris. Exp. 40 millim. 

3239. Macaria odataria, Swinh. A. M. N. S. (6) xii, p. 154. 

<$ . Differs from emersaria (p. 207) in the fore wing having the 
postmedial line almost straight, not excurved below costa, and 
terminating near outer angle ; dark marks beyond it throughout 
its whole length. Hind wing with the margin strongly crenulate ; 
a straight double postmedial line. Underside with the rufous and 
dark postmedial band very prominent. 

Rah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Tenasserim. Exp. 36 millim. 



3240. Macaria sufflata, Gum. Thai, ii, p. 88, pi. 17, fig. 8 ; C. $ 8. 

no. 3648. 
Macaria hebesata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 931 ; C. 8f S. no. 3639. 
Macaria vasudeva, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 933 ; C. fy S. no. 3649. 
Gonodela horridaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 262 ; C. Sf S. no. 3641. 
Gonodela placida, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 262 ; C. fy S. no. 3646. 
Semiothisa diplotata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 128, fig. 16 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3636. 
Gonodela fuscomarginata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 323 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3638 a. 

S . Grey, irrorated with fuscous. Eore wing with some ochreous 
on costal area and postmedial line; indistinct slightly sinuous 
antemedial and medial lines ; a double postmedial line excurved 
below costa, with dark patches beyond it at costa, at middle, and 
often above inner margin. Hind wing with antemedial line 
and spot at end of cell ; the double postmedial black line promi- 
nent, with a conspicuous spot or patches beyond it at middle 
and often towards apex ; both wings with marginal sinuous line. 
Underside suffused with ochreous and with rufous patches on 
outer area. 

2 . Paler and yellowish brown, without black patches on upper- 
side. 

In the form fuscomarginata from the N.W. Himalayas and 
Punjab the outer area is prominently purplish grey, with an 
ochreous inner edge to the postmedial line ; the basal area pale. 

Hob. China; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Exp. 
30-34 millim. 



MACARIA. 205 

3241. Macaria myandaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1649; a $ 8. 

no. 3644. 
Gonodela triangulate, H?nps?i. III. Het. viii, p. 112, pi. 151, 
tigs. 4, 10. 

Differs from sufflata in the antennae of male being serrate ; the 
underside not suffused with ochreous. 

Hob. "N.India"; Canara; Nilgiris. Exp. 32 millim. 

3242. Macaria atmala, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 210. 

c?. Dark purplish fuscous, irrorated with black; the palpi, 
antennae, and costa of fore wing variegated with ochreous brown. 
Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial slightly-waved 
dark lines with some brown scales on them, the first angled below 
costa, the two latter excurved. Hind wing with indistinct ante- 
and postmedial slightly waved dark lines, with a few brown scales 
on them. 

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

3243. Macaria azataria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 154. 

3 . Yellowish rufous. Fore wing with indistinct antemedial and 
medial lines ; white quadrate spot between origin of veins 2 and 3 ; 
indistinct postmedial double line highly excurved below costa, the 
area beyond it suffused with purplish ; a white subapical speck. 
Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line ; double postmedial line : 
traces of a dark line beyond it with a spot at its middle. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 28 millim. 



H. Hind tihice of male not dilated. 

3244. Macaria pervolgata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 930; C. $ S. no. 3645. 
Fidonia duplicate, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1035 ; C. $ S. no. 3677. 

"Whitish, slightly suffused with brown and striated with fuscous. 
Fore wing with obliquely-waved antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
dark lines angled below the costa ; a black spot at end of cell ; 
some fuscous suffusion beyond the postmedial line ; a dark patch 
on costa and spot below vein 5 ; a series of marginal black specks. 
Hind wing with black spot at end of cell ; ante- and postmedial 
waved lines, the latter with fuscous suffusion beyond it and a black 
spot or spots at vein 2 ; a marginal crenulate black line. Under- 
side with the marginal area largely suffused with rufous and with 
white patches on it. 

Hob. Bengal ; Poona. Exp., <$ 26, $ 28 millim. 

3245. Macaria fidoniata, Guen. Fhal. ii, p. 78 ; C. fy S, no. 3638. 
Macaria streniataria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1646 ; C. fy S. no. 3647. 

Differs from pervolgata in the antemedial and medial lines of 
fore wing being broadened into nearly straight bands ; the post- 



206 GEOMETRIDJE. 

medial more highly angled below costa and broken by a pale streak 
from apex ; the whole marginal area suffused with fuscous. 
Hind wing with straight antemedial and broad postmedial and 
marginal bands. Underside with the dark markings tinged with 
ochreous. 

Hab. Karachi; Simla; Campbellpur. Exp. 26 millim. 



Sect. III. {Evarzia). Outer margin of fore wing prominently 
angled at vein 4. 

A. Hind tibia? of male dilated. 

3246. Mac aria ozararia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 274. 

Macaria perspicuaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 647 ; C. ty S. 

no. 3651. 
Evarzia indica, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 2^2 : id. III. Het. vi, 
pi. 118, fig. 13 ; C. 8f S. no. 3650. 

Brownish ochreous, thickly irrorated with dark brown. Fore 
wing with traces of antemedial and medial curved sinuous yellowish 
lines ; an oblique line from costa near apex meeting a double dark 
rufous oblique submarginal line from below apex, the area beyond 
it suffused with purplish. Hind wing with indistinct yellowish 
antemedial line ; the oblique double line postmedial ; both wings 
with a dark marginal line; the cilia pale. Underside with broad 
bright rufous marginal band on fore wing, leaving the apex pale ; 
hind wing with the band submarginal and with dentate outer 
edge. 

The Indian form perspicuaria has a dark spot and traces of 
a sinuous submarginal line beyond the double line of hind 
wing. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Travancore ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 
40 millim. 

3247. Macaria effusata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 87 ; C. %• S. no. 3637. 

Evarzia trilinearia, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 263 ; C. Sf S. no. 3652. 

Brownish ochreous, irrorated with dark brown. Eore wing with 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial brown lines angled below the 
costa, the first two sometimes waved; a speck at end of cell. 
Hind wing with antemedial line ; speck at end of cell, and 
postmedial double line generally with a dark spot beyond it at 
middle ; outer area of both wings slightly suffused with purple. 
Underside with dark suffusion beyond the postmedial line of both 
wings. 

Hah. Simla ; Dbarmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 



MACARIA. 207 

B. Hind tihice of male not dilated. 

3248. Macaria acutaria, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 100; C. $ S. 

no. 3605. ^ 

Whitish, thickly irrorated and suffused with fuscous. Pore wing 
with antemedial dark spot on costa and double oblique line below 
median nervure ; a medial spot on costa and triangular patch 
before apex ; a double oblique postmedial dark line from vein 5 to 
inner margin. Hind wing with antemedial line and speck at end 
of cell ; a double oblique postmedial line angled at apex ; an indis- 
tinct double submarginal line ; both wings with marginal series of 
dark specks. Underside suffused with yellow, and with white 
specks on the submarginal line of both wings. 

The Niiga race is darker and more olive above, more orange 
below. 

Hah. Sikhim • Khasis; Nagas. Eocp. 38 millim. 

3249. Macaria temeraria, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soe. 1891, p. 492. 

White, irrorated with grey and pale brown ; abdomen with dark 
dorsal specks near base. Pore wing with slightly sinuous ante- 
medial, medial, and postmedial lines, the first and third angled 
below costa, the second at lower angle of cell ; the postmedial line 
with a dark patch on it at middle and fuscous suffusion beyond it ; 
a white submarginal line ending at anal angle ; the veins of outer 
area pale. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line ; curved 
crenulate medial line ; a straight olive and white line from apex to 
anal angle. Underside with the lines prominent ; the postmedial 
line of fore wing crenulate. 

Hah. Simla ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp., <5 34, $ 38 millim. 

3250. Macaria oliva, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 207, pi. 2, fig. 16. 

c? . Differs from temeraria in having an olive hue. Pore wing 
with the postmedial line almost regularly curved and with a dark 
blotch at middle ; some subapical white specks and no submarginal 
line. Hind wing with ill-defined fuscous subbasal band ; nearly 
straight medial line and straight submarginal line. Underside with 
more dark suffusion, especially on outer area. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

/ 3251. Macaria emersaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 925; C. $ S. no. 3609. jT $ 

Grey, irrorated with pale and dark brown ; abdomen with dark 
spots on dorsum. Pore wing with subbasal dark speck ; indistinct 
oblique antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines angled below costa 
and arising from rufous patches or short bands on costa ; a dark 
speck at end of cell ; the postmedial line with a costal rufous patch 
beyond it and disintegrated dark patch at vein 4 ; outer area 
slightly darker : the margin rufous below apex. Hind wing with 
indistinct antemedial line ; dark spot at end of cell ; dark waved 



208 GEOMETBIDJ5. 

postraedial line, with rufous and grey suffusion beyond it ; a 
marginal dark line ; both wings with the veins of outer area, 
pale. Underside with broad rufous postmedial band with erenulate 
outer edge. 

Hob. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Exp., <$ 32, 
2 40 millim. 

3252. Macaria octolinearia, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 138. 

cf . Differs from emersaria in the wings being narrower and 
tinged with olire-green. Fore wing with the antemedial, medial, 
and postmedial lines hardly angled below costa ; the medial with 
an oblique line across it from costa to lower angle of cell ; no 
rufous costal patch beyond the postmedial line. Hind wing with 
the postmedial waved line oblique and ending near anal angle, and 
with a black mark beyond it below vein 4. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 28 millim. 

Sect. IV. (Semiothisa). Fore wing with the outer margin excised 
below apex. Hind tibiae not dilated. 

3253. Macaria perfusaria, Wlk. Cat xxxv, pi. 1659. 

Azata ferruginata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 470, pi. 205, fig. 2 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3655. J 
Azata subfasciata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 112, pi. 151, fig. 20. 

Bright rufous, more or less suffused with purplish grey and irro- 
rated with fuscous. Tore wing with indistinct sinuous antemedial 
line angled below the costa ; an obsolescent medial line represented 
by a patch on costa ; a postmedial slightly curved line, often with 
a spot beyond it at middle. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial 
line ; speck at end of cell and sinuous or erenulate postmedial line : 
both wings with rufous marginal line and the cilia fuscous. 
Underside with the ground-colour orange-fulvous. 

The form subfasciata is purplish grey ; fore wing with dark 
costal patches on the lines ; the dark spot beyond the postmedial 
line, which is obsolescent, prominent. Underside with prominent 
medial line to each wing and rufous suffusion beyond the post- 
medial line. 

Hob. Dharmsala ; Sikbim ; Khasis ; Nagas ; JSTilgiris ; Ceylon ; 
Rangoon ; Malacca ; Borneo. Exp. 30 millim. 

3254. Macaria quadraria, Moore, Lop. Ceyl. hi, p. 469, pi. 205, fig. 1 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3656. 

Differs from perfusaria in being purplish grey. Fore wing with 
the postmedial line very prominent and terminating near outer 
angle. Hind wing with the medial line prominent; a slightly 
curved prominent submarginal line. 

Bab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 



TEPHRINA. 209 

Genus TEPHRINA. 

Tephrina, JDup. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 246 (1844). 
Diastictis, -Hubn. Verz. p. 288 (? 1818), non descr. 

Type, T. murinaria, Schiff., from Europe. 

Range. W. Indies ; Palaearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, and Aus- 
tralian regions. 

Palpi hairy and reaching beyond the frons ; hind tibiae not 
dilated. Wings with the outer margins evenly curved. Fore 
wing of male usually with fovea ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked from upper angle; 10 absent; 11 usually free. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 

In the typical section the male has the branches of the antennae 
very short. 

Sect. II. Male with the branches of antennae long, the 
extremity of shaft simple. 

3255. Tephrina disputaria, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 489. 

Cleora pulinda, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 333 ; Moore, Lep Ceyl. hi, pi. 204, 

figs. 7, 8 ; C.Sr S. no. 3627. 
Macaria strenuataria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1647. 
Macaria integrata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1648 ; C. $ S. no. 3612. 
Macaria strenuata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1647 ; C. # S. no. 3629. 
Aspilates indolata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1681 ; C. Sf 8. no. 3621. 
Tephrina lithina, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 171. 
Tephrina zebrina, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 171 ; C. $ S. no. 3630. 
Tephrina granitalis, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 171. 
Tephrina sublimbata, Butl. P. Z. S. 1884, p. 502. 
Macaria boaria, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1885, p. 861, pi. 56, fig. 12 ; C. $ 8. 

no. 3606. 
Macaria infrictaria, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1885, p. 862; C. fy S. no. 3623. 
Tephrina ossea, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1885, p. 353, pi. 9, fig. 9 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3625. 

3 . Whitish, thickly irrorated and suffused with fuscous ; head 
orange. Eore wing with nearly erect antemedial dark line ; a 

medial band incurved below cell 
and often joined to the ante- 
medial line by blotches on inner 
area ; a postmedial line incurved 
below vein 4 and with a dark spot 
beyond it at middle ; the mar- 
ginal area suffused with purplish 

Fig. 1\5.-Tephrina disputaria, J. f. g re 7- Hind wing with sinuous 

medial line ; straight postmedial 
line, the area beyond it suffused with purplish fuscous. Under- 
side slightly suffused with fulvous; the bands broader, especially 
the postmedial. 

Typical disputaria from Egypt is a brown form, the bands of the 
fore wing very broad, black, and prominent on inner area ; 
Karachi specimens are almost as dark, but the ground-colour of 
the Indian form is usually paler and more ochreous. 

VOL. III. p 




210 GEOMETRID^. 

2 • The typical female is similar to the male : integrate is much 
paler, with diffused and ill-defined dark spots coming out at end 
of cell of both wings : lithina is almost uniformly pale on upper- 
side, the underside pale to the postmedial line ; whilst ossea has 
the underside also uniformly pale. 

Hab. Egypt ; Aden ; Persia ; and throughout the plains of 
India and Burma. Exp., <$ 28, $ 30 milliin. 

3256. Tephrina catalaunaria, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 108. 

Macaria falsaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1649 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 204, figs. 1, 2 ; C. $ 8. no. 3620. 
Aspilates proxantharia, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1679. 
Macaria bolina, Swirih. P. Z. 8. 1885, p. 861 ; C. $ 8. no. 3618. 

Differs from disputaria in the thorax, abdomen, and wings being 
pale, uniformly striated with grey-brown ; dark specks at end of 
cell ; the antemedial line of fore wing and the medial and post- 
medial lines of both wings very indistinct and evenly curved ; the 
medial line of fore wing running outside the speck at end of cell ; 
a marginal series of dark specks. Underside with slight rufous 
submarginal band. 

Hab. Spain; S.Africa; Bombay Presidency ; Nilgiris; Ceylon. 
Exp. 30 milliin. 

3257. Tephrina perviaria, Led. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, v, 1855, 

p. 213, pi. 3, fig. 7. 
Fidonia albofascia, Swirih. P. Z. 8. 1884, p. 527, pi. 48, fig. 14 ; 
C Sf 8. no. 3676. 
S • Blackish fuscous, irrorated with white ; fore wing with a 
broad oblique medial white band ; hind wing with the band slightly 
curved ; a white submarginal spot on middle of outer area. 
Hab. Syria ; Karachi and Hyderabad, Sind. Exp. 24 milliin. 

3258. Tephrina fumosa, Hmpsn. 111. Bet. viii, p 112, pi. 151, fig. 19. 
Differs from catalaunaria in being uniform dark purplish fuscous 

with dark and white irroration. Fore wing with the lines brownish ; 
the medial line embracing the speck at end of cell. Legs striped 
white and black. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 24-28 milliin. 

Sect. III. Male with the antennae ciliated. 

3259. Tephrina parallelaria, Wlk. Cat. xxw ; p. 1680 ; C. $ 8. no. 3620 

(part.). J. 
Aspilates exfusaria, Wlk. Cat xxvi, p. 1683. 
Tephrina dessicata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1660. 
Differs from catalaunaria in the antemedial line of fore wing and 
medial line of both wings being finer : the postmedial line double 
and straight, the area beyond it slightly suffused with brown, 
underside suffused with fulvous yellow. 

Hab. S.Africa; Madagascar; Khasis : Nilgiris ; Travancore ; 
Ceylon ; Java ; Australia. Exp., <S 30, $ 32 millim. 



TEPHRINA. — OESOXOBA. 211 

Sect. IV. Antennae of male minutely serrate ; fore wing without 
fovea ; vein 11 anastomosing with 12 ; hind wing with fovea 
at base of vein 8. 

3260. Tephrina? purpurascens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 261, pi. 8, fig. 19 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3597. 

S - Dark purple-grey ; collar ochreous. Fore wing with an 
ochreous costal fascia with dark striae on it and expanding into two 
postmedial and a smaller apical patch ; curved antemedial and 
medial lines and two waved postmedial brown lines. Hind wing 
with antemedial and medial sinuous lines and a waved postmedial 
line ; both wings with fine marginal line. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus OXYMACARIA. 
Oxymacaria, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 438 (1894). 

Type, 0. palliata, Hmpsn. 

Range. Nilgiris. 

Palpi short and hairy ; antennae of male with fascicles of long 
cilia ; hind tibiae of male not dilated. Fore wing with a fovea ; 
the apex produced and falcate ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle; 10 and 11 stalked and 
anastomosing with 12. Hind wing angled at vein 4 ; 3 from 
before angle of cell. 

3261. Oxymacaria palliata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 113, pi. 151, 

figs. 5, 11. 

<3 . Whitish, irrorated with olive-brown. Both wings with the 
outer area suffused with olive-green ; an indistinct medial fuscous 
line and submarginal line which is slightly sinuous on fore wing, 
slightly angled at vein 6 on hind wing ; a marginal series of dark 
specks. Underside of fore wing with subapical white speck. 

2 • Much paler ; both wings with postmedial series of dark 
specks on the veins ; in some specimens there is a dark patch on 
the middle of the series on fore wing ; the submarginal line 
obsolete. 

Hob. Mgiris. Exp., S 38, $ 44 millim. 

Genus 0KS0N0BA. 

Orsonoba, Wlh. Cat. xx, p. 218 (1860). 
Gonodontis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 287 (? 1818), non descr. 

Type, 0. delta, Cram. 

Range. Throughout India and Ceylon ; Borneo ; Australia. 

Palpi thickly scaled and reaching beyond the frons ; antennae 
bipectinated to two-thirds length in male ; hind tibiae not dilated. 
Fore wing with the costa arched towards apex, which is somewhat 
falcate ; the outer margin oblique, with two dentitions below apex ; 
inner margin lobed at outer angle j vein 3 from angle of cell ; 

p2 



212 GEOMETEIT)^. 

5 from just above middle of diseocellulars ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from 
upper angle ; 10 and 11 free. Hind wing with the costa deeply 
excised from middle to apex, which is also excised ; the outer 
margin crenulate and produced at veins 6 and 4 to points which 
are longer in the female than in the male ; vein 3 from angle of cell. 

3262. Qrsonoba clelia, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii, p. 172, pi. 288, figs. B, C ; 

C. $r 8. no. 3190. 
Gonodontis cleliaria, Hiibn. Verz. p. 287. 
Orsonoba rajaca, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 219; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 187, figs. 1, 1 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3192. 
Orsonoba pallida, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 125 ; id. 111. Het. 

vi, pi. 114, fig. 5 ; C.fyS. no. 3191. 
Erosia hyperbolica, Sivinh. P. Z. S. 1884, p. 528, pi. 48, fig. 15 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3058. 

cJ . Pale rufous, irrorated with fuscous ; the collar fuscous. 
Fore wing with an antemedial line highly angled below costa ; 

a dark speck at end of 
cell ; a postmedial line 
angled below costa, and 
with more or less deve- 
loped hyaline specks on its 
inner edge beyond and be- 
low cell, with an indistinct 
band from them to inner 
Fig. 116.— Orsonoba clelia, #. \. margin; a rufous spot 

on costa before apex and 
traces of a submarginal band. Hind wing with a dark spot, often 
with hyaline centre at end of cell ; indistinct medial and slightly- 
angled postmedial lines ; the outer margin darker. 

The form pallida is ochreous white, with the markings pale 
olive-brown instead of rufous. 

2 • Purplish fuscous, more or less suffused with grey and often 
blotched with rufous ; the lines dark ; fore wing with hyaline 
specks or more or less complete medial band from cell to inner 
margin, and postmedial band from vein 6 to inner margin; hind 
wing sometimes with similar band. 

Hyperbolica is a dwarf (30 millim.) brownish ochreous female 
from Karachi. 

Larva olive fuscous, with a few short dorsal hairs and points ; 
the 5th and 11th somites with dorsal prominences. Pood-plants, 
Convolvulacece. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Karachi ; Bombay ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; 
Borneo; Australia. Exp., S 40-46, $ 30-60 millim. 

Genus HYP0SIDRA.- 

Hyposidra, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 150 (1857). 
Lagyra, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 58 (I860;. 
Chizala, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 263. 
Kalabana, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 415. 




HTPOSIDRA. 213 

/ 

Leptesthes, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 445 (1894). 
x Hyalinetta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 202. 

Type, H. janiaria, Guen., from Java and Australia. / 
Range. China; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; Anda- 
mans; Sumatra; Java; Borneo; Philippines; Celebes; Australia. 
Palpi hairy and reaching beyond the frons ; antennas of male 
usually bipectinated with long branches to three-fourths length ; 
hind tibiae rarely dilated, and fringed with hair. Pore wing of 
male with fovea ; the costa arched towards apex, which is much 
produced ; vein 3 from just before angle of cell ; the discocellulars 
augled below vein 5 ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle and 
curved; 10, 11 usually stalked: female with the costa evenly 
arched ; the outer margin excised below apex ; vein 3 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent ; 10 and 11 coincident. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Pernale with the outer margin of hind wing hardly crenu- 
late : male with outer margin of neither wing excised ; 
antennas pectinated. 

A. Hind wing with the outer margin angled at vein 4. 

3263. Hyposidra talaca, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 59 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 185, figs. 1, 1 o, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3139. ,£. 
Chizala deceptatura, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 264. 
Lagyra bombycaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1539. 
Lagyra rigusaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1485 ; C. fy S. no. 3137. 
Hyposidra khasiana, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 681. 

Dark olive fuscous, more or less irrorated and suffused with 
grey : both wings with faint traces of medial and crenulate post- 
medial lines ; the cilia 
dark. Pore wing with 
traces of antemedial line 
and more or less distinct 
subapical patch in male. 
Underside with crenulate 
postmedial line to both 
wings. 

The form rigusaria is 
paler and redder. 
Larva pinkish olive-green, irrorated with black, and with dark 
patches on 4th and 6th somites. Pood-plants, Jambrona, Com- 
brehim, and Ficus parasiticus. 

Hob. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; Andamans; Java; 
Borneo ; Celebes ; Philippines. Exp., tf 44, $ 54-60 millim. 

3264. Hyposidra violescens, n. sp. 

c? . Puscous suffused with purple, and with a red tinge in parts 
Pore wing with traces of waved antemedial and medial lines ; a 
postmedial purplish-white line angled below costa, then slightly 




Fig. 117. — Hyposidra talaca, <$ 



214 GEOMETEID^. 

curved and oblique to vein 2 ; some dark submarginal marks. 
Hind wing with traces of medial fuscous band and discocellular 
striga; a waved pale purple postmedial line, with some fuscous on 
its inner edge. Underside with prominent black discocellular 
lunules ; fore wing with black subapical streak. 

Hab. Sikhim (Dudgeon). Exp. 44 millim. Type in B.M. 

3265. Hyposidra picaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1541. 

Fore wing with the costa less arched and the apex less produced 
and falcate. Black ; fore wing with a large white patch beyond 
the cell between veins 6 and 4; a quadrate patch on inner margin; 
hind wing with a broad white postmedial band with irregular outer 
edge from vein 6 to inner margin. 

Hab. Mergui ; Java. Exp., <S 45, $ 64 millim. 

*3266. Hyposidra albifera, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 415; C. $ S. 
no. 3133. 

2 • Differs from picaria in the fore w 7 ing having an oblique 
irregular white bar between veins 6 and 4 and a white apical spot ; 
hind wing with the band narrower, curved, and with crenulate 
outer edge. 

Hab. Kulu. Exp. 54 millim. 

B. Hind iving with the outer margin rounded. 

3267. Hyposidra aquilaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1485. 
Hyposidra albipunctata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 398. 
Hyposidra kala, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 153. 

$ . Differs from talaca in being deep leaden fuscous. Fore 
wing with traces of antemedial, medial, postmedial, and sub- 
marginal olive bands, the last with ill-defined brown blotch at 
middle. Hind wing with traces of antemedial, postmedial, and 
submarginal bands. Underside with two lines to each wing ; a 
white costal speck near apex of each wing, and one on inner 
margin of hind wing above anal angle. 

5 with much more falcate fore wing. 
Hab. N. China ; Sikhim ; Shillong. Exp., <$ 52, $ 124 millim. 

Sect. II. Female with the outer margin of hind wing produced to 
points at the veins. Male with the outer margin of neither 
wing excised ; antennas pectinated. 

3268. Hyposidra successaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 60 ; C:$ S. no. 3138, X 
Chizala decipiens, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 263. 

Lagyra humiferata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1484 ; C. $ S. no. 3135. 

Differs from talaca in being pale brick-red ; the postmedial line 
on underside slightly sinuous, not crenulate. 

Hab. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Java. Exp., 
cJ 42, 2 60 millim. 



HYPOSIDRA. 215 

3269. Hyposidra iniixaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 60. 

Chaerodes unibrosa, Swiiih. Trans. JSnt. Soc. 1890, p. 203, pi. 7, 
fig. 4. 

3 . Ochreous, suffused in parts with rufous and irrorated with 
fuscous ; a fuscous fascia on basal costal area ; an oblique rufous 
streak from apex, often joining the costal fascia ; a dark speck at 
end of cell; a postmedial rufous line, angled below costa, and with 
an indistinct sinuous line beyond it ; a submarginal sinuous line 
with some white lunules on it towards costa. Hind wing with 
speck at end of cell ; indistinct medial and crenulate postmediaL 
lines and traces of subapical white specks. Underside with pro- 
minent crenulate postmedial line to both wings. Some specimens 
have a dark postmedial patch and submarginal specks developed on 
inner area of each wing. 

2 • Ochreous or pale reddish, with the markings obsolescent, 
especially on upperside ; fore wing without the costal fascia and 
apical streak. 

Hah. Khasis; Moulmem ; Rangoon; Sumatra; Java; Borneo. 
Exp., rf 38, $ 44-60 millim. 

Sect. III. Male with short stiff branches to the antennae ; fore 
wiug with vein 10 absent, the outer margin deeply excised 
below apex ; hind wing with the outer margin crenulate ; 
hind tibiae dilated, with a fold and tuft of hair. 

3270. Hyposidra murina, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 487, pi. 19, 

tig. 13. 

c? . Grey, irrorated with black. Fore wing with a short basal 
streak below costa ; a waved antemedial line much excurved in 
cell ; a medial line angled below costa, and with a dark spot on it 
at end of cell ; traces of a waved oblique postmedial line ; a rufous 
tinge at the excision below apex. Hind wing with a vinous tinge; 
a blackish antemedial mark on inner margin ; a waved obsolescent 
medial line. Underside with rufous apical patch ; hind wing with 
antemedial and medial lines prominent at inner margin. 

Hub. Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

Sect. IV. (Leptesthes). Male with the antennae ciliated; outer 
margin of both wings deeply excised between veins 4 and 6 ; 
fore wing with veins 10 and 11 from cell. 

3271. Hyposidra megaspila, Moore, P.Z.S. 1867, p. 616; Waterh. 

Aid, ii, pi. 151, tig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 3136. 

S . Leaden grey, irrorated with fuscous ; both wings with in- 
complete antemedial ferruginous line ; large ferruginous paten ar. 
end of cell with hyaline bracket-shaped mark on it, the patch on 
fore wing extending to costa ; an indistinct postmedial series of 
specks ; traces of a submarginal line ; the cilia rufous. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 



216 GE0METKID2E. 

Genus DILINIA. 

Deilinia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 310 (? 1818). 

Leptomeris, Hiibn. Verz. p. 310. 

Petelia. Herr.-Schaffer,Samml.aussereur. Schmett. p. 84 (1854). 
-Bargosa, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 479 (18(30). 
"Alana, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1567 (1866). 

Trochistis, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 110. 

Type, D. pusaria, Linn., from Europe. 

Eancje. Pakearctic, Oriental, and Australian regions. 

Palpi upturned and reaching vertex of head, the 2nd joint 
fringed with hair ; antennae of male bipectinate to two-thirds 
length ; fore tibia with a long process and tuft of hair ; hind tibiae 
not dilated. Fore wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 
9, 10 stalked, from before upper angle; 11 free. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Petelia). Hind wing of male without fovea, and vein 8 
approximated to cell to the middle. 

3272. Dilinia medardaria, Herr.-Schaffer, Samml. aussereur. Schmett. 
fig. 534 ; C. $ S. no. 3422. 
Bargosa chacoraca, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 481. 
Bargosa chandubija, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 480. 
Bargosa distracta, Wlk. Cat. xxi. p. 481. 
Ephyra strigulataria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1575 ; C. 8f S. no. 3556. 

cJ . Grey-brown, irrorated with fuscous ; antennae fuscous. 
Eore wing with nearly straight fuscous antemedial line ; both 
wings with straight medial line and often with a black spot at end 

of cell ; traces of a waved 



submarginal rufous band ; 
a series of black mar- 
ginal specks. Underside 
whitish, with very pro- 
minent black cell-spots 
to each wing ; the outer 
area suffused with fus- 
cous. 

2 . With the vertex of head white ; the fuscous lines of both 

wings obsolescent; fore wing sometimes with a black apical patch. 

Bab. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Exp. 40 millim. 

3273. Dilinia immaculata, Hmpm. III. Het. ix, p. 140, pi. 168, 
figs. 6, 12. j 

S • Differs from medardaria in being rufous brown ; abdomen 
with a white anal tuft ; underside pale rufous brown ; the hind 
wing without cell-spot. 

2 with a series of diffused submarginal black spots to each 
wing. 

Ilab. Sikhim ; Nagas ; Ceylon. Exp. 44 millim. 




Fig. 118.- -Dilinia medardaria, tf 



DILINIA. 217 



32; 



3274. Dilinia fasciata, Moore, P.Z.S. 1867, p. 634, pi. 32, fig. 8; 

C. S- S. no. 8421. 
Bargosa rivulosa, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 410. 

Differs from medardaria in the antemedial line of fore wing 
and medial line of both wings being represented by diffused rufous- 
brown bands ; two ill-defined waved rufous postmedial bands. 
Underside pale rufous brown, with prominent cell-spots and dark 
marginal area. 

The Japanese form rivulosa has the underside nearly uniform. 

Hab. Japan ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 45 millim. 



327; 



3275. Dilinia capitata, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 10.19 ; C. #. S. no. 3423 
(part.). 

Alana rubiginata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1568. 
Tacparia morosa, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 403. 

Dark rufous ; vertex of head and end of abdomen grey ; wings 
striated with fuscous, suffused with purplish and slightly irrorated 
with grey. Fore wing with four indistinct rufous sinuous bands ; 
hind wing with two bands and a white speck at end of cell ; both 
w 7 ings with marginal series of white specks. Underside grey, 
irrorated with fuscous ; the outer area darker. 

Hab. Japan ; throughout India and Ceylon. Exp. 34 millim. 

3276. Dilinia albopunctata, Svnnh. Trans. Ent Soc. 1891, p. 491. a- 
Yellow-brown, irrorated with grey and fuscous. Fore wing 

with four indistinct bands of grey and fuscous specks ; a diffused 
apical white patch ; hind wing with three bands ; both wings with 
a marginal series of white specks. Underside brownish grey 
suffused with pink, and the greater part of the hind vs ing with 
orange. 

Bob. Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

Sect. II. (Dilinia). Male with a fovea at the base of vein 8 
of hind wing, which does not approximate to cell except near 
base. 

3277. Dilinia vexillaria, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 138 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

hi, pi. 193, fig. 3 ; C. fy S. no. 3423 (part.). if 
Hyperythra riobearia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 129 ; C. 8f S. no. 3151. 
Alana theclaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1567. 

Bright rufous, slightly suffused with fuscous ; antennas blackish ; 
wings striated with fuscous. Fore w T ing with the costa fuscous ; 
indistinct antemedial and medial straight lines ; a black speck at 
end of cell : an irregularly sinuous submarginal line, with fuscous 
and grey patches beyond it below apex and at middle. Hind 
wing with white speck at end of cell ; very indistinct antemedial 
and medial diffused lines and irregularly sinuous submarginal line. 
Underside brownish ochreous ; the base of the wings suffused 
with red ; the outer area with fuscous. 

Hab. Nepal ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Borneo ; 
Celebes. Exp. 36-42 millim. 



218 GEOMETEID^]. 

Genus HYPEPHYRA. 
Hypephyra, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 101 (1889). 

Type, H. terrosa, Butl. 

Range. N.W. Himalayas. 

Palpi hairy and reaching beyond the sharp frontal tuft ; antennae 
of male ciliated ; hind tibiae dilated. Tore wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle; 10 
absent ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3278. Hypephyra terrosa, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 101, pi. 135, fig. 17. 

Palpi grey, irrorated with fuscous ; the wings irrorated with 
bluish silvery scales ; antemedial and medial sinuous rufous lines ; 
a dark spot at end of cell ; a crenulate postmedial black line with 
some rufous inside it and some dark suffusion with dentate outer 
edge beyond it on inner area. Hind wing with black speck at end 
of cell, and indistinct waved antemedial, medial, and submarginal 
lines. Underside fulvous yellow, with black cell-spots and post- 
medial line with black patch beyond it on inner area of fore wing 
and black irroration on hind wing. 

Bab. Simla ; Dharmsala. Exp., $ 46, $ 40 millim. 

Genus HYPERYTHRA. 

Hyperythra, Gum. Thai. i, p. 99 (1857). 
Syrrhodia, Hilbn. Verz. p. 300 (? 1818), non descr. 
Petrodava, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1656 (1862). 
Pseuderythra, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 204. 

Type, H. lutea, Oram. 

Range. Neotropical, Ethiopian, and Oriental regions ; New 
Guinea. 

Palpi hairy and reaching well beyond the frons ; a sharp frontal 
tuft ; antennae of male bipectinated to two-thirds length ; fore 
tibia with the process large. Pore wing of male typically with a 
slight fovea below base of median nervure ; the apex somewhat 
acute ; vein 3 from angle of ceil ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, from near 
upper angle ; 11 free. Hind wing with the outer margin crenu- 
late ; vein 3 from angle of cell. 

In Syrrhodia, the W.Indian and S. American section, the males 
have a large membranous vesicle at base of hind wing below, and 
no fovea to fore wing. 

Sect. II. (Hyperythra). Males with the costa of hind wing highly 
arched ; a very long tuft of hair from base of cell lying in a 
fold above vein 6 ; the cell very short and open. 

3279. Hyperythra lutea, Cram. Pap. Exot. iv, p. 157, pi. 370, figs. 
C, D ; C.&fS. no. 3148. / A 
Phalaena Havana, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii, p. 187. 
Phalaena flavata, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii, 2, p. 169. U- , 2_ 



HYPERYTHKA. 



219 



Hyperythra limbolaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 101, pi. 3, figs. 3, 4. 

Hyperythra penicillaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 101. 

Hyperythra ennomaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 103 ; C. 8f S. no. 3147.-4*' 

Aspilates susceptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1664. 

Hyperythra lala, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 205. 

<5 . Yellow, suffused with pink and striated with fuscous ; some 
white on palpi and shaft of antennae. Eore wing with indistinct 
antemedial line angled below costa ; medial and postmedial ill- 
defined, slightly curved pinkish bands. Hind wing with similar 
narrow antemedial and broad postmedial bands, the latter with 

one or two black marks on it 
below costa. Underside bright 
yellow, with the area beyond 
the postmedial line more or less 
completely coloured pink ; fore 
wing with a whitish patch below 
apex. The pink suffusion of 
upper and undersides varies 
greatly in extent. 

2 • Much brighter yellow, 
with three lines to fore wing and two to hind wing replacing the 
bands and usually prominent. 

The form lala is dull brownish yellow ; ennomaria is pale reddish 

brown without yellow tinge; the underside of male reddish brown. 

Hob. China; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; Andamans; 

Sumatra ; Java ; New Guinea. Exp,, tf 36-40, $ 38-46 millim. 




Fig. 119. — Hyperythra lutea, 



Sect. III. (Petrodava). Males without secondary sexual characters 
on hind wing. 

3280. Hyperythra swinhoei, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) v, p. 223 ; 
C. 8r S. no. 3153. 
Hyperythra phantasma, Butt. P. Z. S. 1881, p. 615 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3150. 

S . Pale yellowish brown, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Tore 
wing with speck at end of cell; indistinct antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial lines, the first angled below costa, the two latter arising 
from dark patches on the costa. Hind wing with ante- and post- 
medial lines, the latter with two dark marks beyond it below 
costa. Underside bright yellow or ochreous brown. 

5 . Grey-green ; the underside yellow-green ; some specimens 
are pale pink on upper and undersides. 

Hah. Campbellpur ; Jubbulpore ; Karachi ; Mhow. Exp., J 34, 
$ 38 millim. 



3281. Hyperythra phoenix, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 484. 
Catopyrrha khasiana, Sivinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 221. 

Differs from lutea in being olive-green, without pink suffusion 
on upper or undersides ; the indistinct bands reddish ; underside 



220 geometkidjE. 

with the apical grey patch of fore wing prominent ; the postmedial 
line of both wings prominent. 

The form Tchasiana is without the greenish tinge, and more 
rufous and yellow. 

Bab. Sikhiin ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp., <S 46-48, $ 52 millim. 



Genus ANTHYPERYTHRA. 

Anthyperythra, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 485. 

Type, A. hermearia, Swinh. 

Range. Khasis. 

Palpi thickly scaled and reaching beyond the sharp frontal tuft ; 
antenna? of male bi pectinated to three-fourths length : hind tibia? 
not dilated. Fore wing with the apex acute ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle ; 10 and 11 
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3282. Anthyperythra hermearia, Stvinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, 
p. 48o, pi. 19, fig. 9. 3— 

r? . Mustard -yellow ; head and collar chocolate ; wings slightly 
irrorated with brown. Fore wing with the costa chocolate; an 
indistinct spot at end of cell ; an indistinct oblique postmedial line 
with chocolate blotch on it towards inner margin and pink suffusion 
on apical area ; a chocolate spot on outer margin below apex. 
Hind wing with oblique medial line, the area beyond it suffused 
with pink. 

Bab. Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 



Genus CROCOTA. 
Crocota, Hiibn. Verz. p. 295 (? 1818). 



<-.y' 



Type, C. lutearia, Linn., from Europe. 

Range. Pala?arctic region ;' Khasis ; Nagas. 

Palpi hairy and reaching beyond the irons ; antenna? of male 
bipectmated to tips ; hind tibia? not dilated. Pore wing with vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle ; 
11 anastomosing with 12, then touching 10, which touches 8 and 9. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

In the typical section veins 10 and 11 of fore wing arise from 
cell. 

Sect. II. Pore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked. 
3283. Crocota nignzaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 129; C. $ S. no. 3149. 

J . Ochreous, irrorated with black ; branches of antenna? black. 
Fore wing with diffused antemedial fuscous band not reaching costa ; 
a spot at end of cell ; a diffused postmedial band with diffused 



CEOCOTA. — PSTEA. 



221 



dentate band beyond it, neither extending to costa. 
with two indistinct diffused postmedial bands. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 46 millim. 



Hind 



-ing 




Fig. 120. — Crocota niguzaria, $. \. 

\ 3284. Crocota ventraria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 294 ; C. 

" ■- Angerona aimylusaria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 244. 



S. no. 3419. 



Head, thorax, and abdomen reddish fuscous ; antenna? rufous ; 
wings ochreous striated with fuscous ; a nearly straight oblique 
antemedial line from subcostal nervure to inner margin ; a similar 
slightly curved postmedial line with the area inside it ochreous, 
with hardly any striation, this pale area widest at costa. Hind 
wing with slightly sinuous postmedial line ; both wings with the 
outer area reddish fuscous. Underside greyish fuscous. 

Hab. Sylhet ; ]Nagas. Exp. 52 millim. 



Genus PSYRA. 

Psyra, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 482 (I860). 
Orbasia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 222. 



\jU^> 










Type, P. euneata, Wlk. I 

Range. Japan ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Palpi hairy, upturned, and not reaching vertex of head ; antennae 
of male somewhat thickened and flattened; hind tibiae greatly dilated, 
the spurs short. Fore wing with the apex acute ; the outer margin 
angled at middle : vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked; 11 just touching 12 and then 10. Hind wing with the 
outer margin slightly produced at veins 4 and 7 ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell. 

3285. Psyra spurcataria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1498 ; C. $ S. no. 3152. 

S . Yellow-brown, irrorated with fuscous ; abdomen with paired 
black dorsal spots on proximal segments. Fore wing with the 
costa tinged with scarlet ; an irregular antemedial line, often with 
dark suffusion beyond it ; a spot at end of cell ; a postmedial 
oblique line with an obliquely curved line beyond it, and often 
black suffusion between them and black spots beyond it above 
inner margin and on vein 5. Hind wing with oblique medial line 



222 



GEOMETRIC. 



with dentate line beyond it, and usually dark suffusion between 
the two lines ; the apical part of margin suffused with fuscous ; 
both wings with marginal series of black specks. 
2 • Redder brown. 
Hab. N.W.Himalayas; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 50-56 millim. 




Fig. 121. — Psyra spurcataria, J. \ 



3286. Psyra trilineata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 619; C. $ S. 

no. 3154. 

2 . Differs from spurcataria in having on the fore wing an 
oblique rufous submarginal line instead of the black spots ; hind 
wing with a nearly straight indistinct submarginal line. 
Hob. " Bengal." Exp. 55 millim. 

3287. Psyra indica, Butl. Ill Het. vii, p. 99, pi. 135, fig. 16. 

2 . Vinous brown, slightly irrorated with fuscous ; palpi black ; 
vertex of head and antennae yellow. Tore wing with antemedial, 
medial, and postmedial black spots on costa and indistinct slightly 
sinuous bands arising from them ; a submarginal sinuous black line 
expanding into small spots towards costa. Hind wing with two 
medial waved lines and fuscous suffusion between them ; an in- 
distinct submarginal line ; both wings with marginal series of specks. 
Underside yellow. 

Hah. Dharmsala. Exp. 56 millim. 

3288. Psyra debilis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 319; C. $ S. no. 3426 a. 

Differs from indica in the ground-colour being straw-yellow. 
Hob. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 44 millim. 

3289. Psyra angulifera, Wlk. Cat xxxv, p. 1687 ; C. $ S. no. 3425. 

Purplish grey, irrorated with fuscous ; palpi black ; antenna? 
fulvous ; metathorax with two black specks. Pore wing with in- 
distinct antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal lines with jet- 
black yellow-edged spots on them, the antemedial line with lunu- 
late spot above inner margin, the submarginal with three triangular 
spots, the spot on vein 5 double ; a double spot at end of cell and 
marginal series of spots. Hind wing with marginal series of specks. 

Bab. Dharmsala; Sikhim. Exp., <3 42, 2 50 millim. 



PSTEA. — PERICALLIA. 



223 



3290. Psyra cuneata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 483 ; C. 8f 8. no. 3426. 
Psvra similaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 659, pi. 33, fig. 1 ; 

C. $ S. no. 2427. J_ 

Differs from angulifera in the ground-colour being dull ochreous 
or yellow ; in the Eastern form, similaria, bright yellow. 

Hab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 44-52 
millim. 

Genus PERICALLIA. 

Pericallia, Steph. III. Brit. Ent. Haust. iii, p. 171 (1829). - 
Hygrochroa, Hilbn. Verz. p. 293 (? 1818), non descr. 

Type, P. syrinr/aria, Linn., from Europe. 

Range. Palaearctic and Ethiopian regions ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; 
Manipur; Burma. 

Palpi reaching beyond the frontal tuft, the 2nd joint clothed 
with long hair ; antennae bipectinated to near apex, the branches 
longer in the male than the female ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore 
wing with the outer margin excurved at middle; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, from before upper angle ; 10 
and 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

In the typical section the costa of fore wing is arched at base, 
excised and contorted beyond middle ; hind wing with the outer 
margin excised between veins 4 and 6. 

Sect. II. Eore wing with the costa straight ; hind wing with the 
outer margin angled at vein 4. 

A. Cilia non-crenulate. 

3291. Pericallia lugens, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 123; id. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 114, fig. 2 ; C. 8> S. no. 3181. 

Olive-brown, striated with rufous ; palpi orange. Fore wing 
with waved antemedial line with purple-grey on its inner edge ; a 
speck at end of cell ; a postmedial line slightly curved below costa 

and with purple-grey on 
its outer edge; an indis- 
tinct lunulate submar- 
ginal purple line. Hind 
wing with speck at end 
of cell ; a postmedial line 
slightly angled at middle, 
with a brown band inside 
it, the two forming a tri- 
angle, and with purplish 
on its outer edge ; a lunu- 
late submarginal purple line with black spots inside the lunules 
above veins 3 and 6. Underside orange, with a prominent brown 
and purple postmedial line with rufous suffusion beyond it in 
male. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp., J 42, $ 46 millim. 




Pericallia lugens, $ . 



224 GEOMETRIC. 

3292. Pericallia gynopteridia , Butl A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 123; 

id. III. Het. vi, pi. 114, fig. 1 ; C. fy S. no. 3176. 

S . Differs from lugens in being pale rufous with no purple- 
grey markings. Fore wing with the antemeclial line straight and 
angled below the costa ; a dark spot at apex, and no lunulate sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing with the triangular medial band 
prominent and no submarginal lunulate line. Underside yellower, 
with the line nearly medial and slight rufous suffusion beyond it. 

Hob. Sikhira ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

3293. Pericallia angulifascia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 851, pi. 53, 

fig. 11 ; C.8f S. no. 3146. 

S . Differs from lugens in being purplish grey with a vinous 
tinge and no purple markings. Fore wing with the antemedial 
line evenly curved ; the postmedial line angled below costa, then 
incurved, and with a dark band inside it ; a reddish apical patch 
and no submarginal line. Hind wing with the medial triangular 
band more angled ; some dark suffusion on anal area and red spot 
on margin at angle, but no submarginal line. Underside yellow, 
with dark suffusion beyond the postmedial line and whitish 
patches at outer angle of both wings. 

$ . Browner above ; more olive below ; the cilia more crenulate. 
Hah. Khasis ; E. Pegu ; Tenasserim. Exp. 38 millim. 

3294. Pericallia viridescens, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 443. 

S . Differs from lugens in being sap-green ; the outer area of 
both wings and the basal and costal area of both wings suffused 
with grey. Underside with yellowish green replacing the yellow 
and red ; no rufous beyond the dark and white postmedial line. 
Hah. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

B. Cilia highly crenulate. 

3295. Pericallia albifrons, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 229; C. $ S. no. 3178. 

S. Rich chocolate ; the vertex of head white; wings striated 
with grey. Fore wing with a curved antemedial purple and dark 
line ; both wings with a slightly waved postmedial purple and dark 
line angled at vein 5, and indistinct lunulate purple submarginal 
line with a dark spot inside it below vein 4; the veins dark. 
Underside orange with red striae ; a lunule at end of cell of each 
wing and a straight black and purple postmedial line with some 
purple suffusion beyond it. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Manipur. Exp. 42 millim. 

Genus FASCELLINA.r- 

Fascellina, Wlk. Cat xx, p. 215 (1860). 
Type, F. chromataria, Wlk. 

Range. Throughout the Himalayas and Assam ; Nilgiris ; 
Ceylon; Burma; Andamans; Sumatra; Celebes. 



FASCELLINA. 



225 



Eyes hairy ; palpi stout and reaching vertex oi head, the 1st 
joint hairy, the 3rd minute ; antenna? with cilia and bristles ; 
abdomen stout ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore wing with the 
costa arched towards apex; vein o from close to angle of cell; 5 
from above middle of discocellulars ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before 
upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked and joined by bars to 12 and 8, 9, 
Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell. 



Sect. I. Pore wing with the outer and inner margins excised to- 
wards outer angle ; hind wing w T ith the costa and apex more 
or less truncate and excised. 

A. Cilia non-crenulate. 

3296. Fascellina chromataria, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 215 ; Hmpsn, III. 
~~"IIet. ix, pi. 168, fig. 2 ; C $ S. no. 2821. ^ 
Fascellina celata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1554. 
Fascellina olivataria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1555. 
Fascellina clausaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1556. 
Geometra usta, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1602 ; C. $ S. no. 3212. 
Fascellina castanea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 612; C. fy S. 

no. 2820, 
Fascellina ceylonica, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 394 ; pi. 187, figs. 3, 

3 a (larva). 

c? , Deep red-brown, 
with an olive shade and 
slightly suffused with pur- 
plish grey ; wings with 
dark striae. Fore wing 
with the costa greyish ; an 
oblique antemedial line 
angled below costa ; a 
yellowish spot at end of 
cell often with a hyaline 
centre ; traces of a post- 
medial line; a curved and waved purplish-grey submarginal line 
angled below costa, and ou the hind wing becoming postmedial. 
Underside of fore wing with the basal half yellow, the outer 
brown, bright red-brown inside the postmedial line, which is 
prominent, purple, and angled, or with a quadrate sinus below 
costa and often w T aved towards inner margin. Hind wing yellow, 
suffused and striated with rufous on outer area ; indistinct post- 
medial and curved crenulate submarginal line. 
2 . Eedder. 

Larva purplish black ; the thoracic segments with irregular 
purple-red markings ; 4th to 6th and anal segment with dorsal red 
markings and paired red papillae ; head cleft and produced to two 
papillae. Food-plant Cinnamomea. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Assam ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Tenasserim ; Anda- 
man s ; Sumatra; Celebes. Exp., $ 38, $ 44 millim. 
vol', in. q 




Fig. 123.-*-FascelUna chromataria, <$ . 



226 GEOMETKID^. 

3297. Fascellina hypochryseis, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 138. 

S. Dark olive-green. Tore wing with anteinedial grey line 
angled below costa, and with a grey patch on the costa beyond it ; 
a hyaline speck at end of cell ; traces of two lines from near end 
of cell to inner margin ; some grey at outer angles. Hind wing 
with traces of curved grey postmedial line. Underside of fore 
wing greenish with purple striae, the costa yellow from base to 
the band, the postmedial line angled below costa, then straight, 
with a large green patch inside it, and with a rufous patch on 
it at costa ; apical area grey : hind wing bright yellow with 
rufous specks ; outer area tinged with rufous, a postmedial series 
of specks. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

3298. Fascellina plagiata, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1601 ; C $ 8. no. 8209. 
Fascellina viridis, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 79, pi. 7, fig. 4 j C. $ 8. 

no. 2822. 

Bright green ; the head, collar, and costa of fore wing fawn- 
colour. Fore wing with dark antemedial disconnected line angled 
below costa ; a curved sinuous postmedial line, double towards 
inner margin, and with a white speck beyond it on costa; the 
outer area below vein 6 purplish brown. Hind wing with double 
medial brown line and highly curved dark submarginal line. 
Underside of fore wing w 7 ith fuscous striae on basal area ; the 
postmedial line prominent, angled below costa, and with dark 
green inside it. Hind wing yellow, with the lines prominent. 

Hah. Simla; Sikhim; Assam. Exp. 40 millim. 

B. Cilia of hotli ivings liiglily crenulate. 

3299. Fascellina vinosa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 398, pi. 32, fig. 21. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-brown ; wings clothed with 
purple, chestnut, rufous, and ochreous scales. Fore wing with 
ochreous patches at end of cell and below apex ; traces of ante- 
arid postmedial bands, the latter highly angled below costa, and 
with a whitish patch beyond it on costa and a white and black 
patch on inner margin. Hiud wing with an olive-green medial 
band obsolete on costal area. Underside grey, with ill-defined 
postmedial band of olive, purple, rufous, and black scales, the area 
beyond it browner except on apical and anal areas. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with the outer margin excised towards outer 
angle, but not the inner margin. Hind wing with the apex 
slightly truncate. 

3300. Fascellina subsignata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 399. 
Fascellina curtaca, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 220. 

S . Differs from chromataria m being olive-green. Fore wing 



FASCELLINA. 227 

with the medial line more angled below costa; the postmedial 
evenly curved and double after being bent outwards ; no purple on 
outer area. Hind wing greenish ochreous ; the outer area much 
suffused with olive-green ; a double straight postmedial line and 
highly curved submarginal line. Underside yellow, with green and 
white on costal and outer areas of fore wing. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

3301. Fascellina dacoda, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 221 ; id. Trans. 
Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 201 , pi. ii, fig. 7. 

Differs from subsignata in the ground-colour being shades of 
rufous, orange, and green ; the lines of fore wing obsolete except 
the inner part of the double postmedial line. Hind wing with the 
submarginal line obsolete. Underside more orange; the post- 
medial line of fore wing with large sinus below costa, then bent in 
to near the cell, then outwards again ; hind wing with no sub- 
marginal line. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

Sect. III. Fore wing with neither inner nor outer margin excised. 
Hind wing with the apex truncate. 

3302. Fascellina porphyreofusa, n. sp. 

S . Eed-brown, suffused with purple. Fore wing with a deep 
red fascia below subcostal nervure from base to end of cell ; indis- 
tinct oblique nearly straight antemedial and medial rufous lines, 
the postmedial line angled below costa, then oblique and double to 
inner margin ; an indistinct highly dentate submarginal line. 
Hind wing with double medial straight line, the area beyond it 
much suffused with purple; a highly dentate purple submarginal 
line. Underside with numerous dark striae on basal half; the 
outer area bright chestnut, which is brightest inside the purple line 
of fore wing. 

Hab. Sikhim {Dudgeon). Exp. 38 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. IV. Fore wing with neither inner nor outer margin excised. 
Hind wing with the apex not truncate. 

3303. Fascellina rectimarginata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 446. 
Fascellina cyanifera, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 18y4, p. 201, pi. ii, 

fig. 13. 

$ . Differs from chromataria in being dark olive-green with a 
purplish tinge. Fore wing with some silvery purple on middle of 
costa and on outer area ; the postmedial line slightly waved below 
the angle ; traces of a waved submarginal line. Hind wing with 
the postmedial line not waved and angled outwards on vein 4 ; 
the outer area with ill-defined purple bands and a dentate line 
near apex. Underside of fore wing with the postmedial line much 

Q2 



228 GEOMETEID.E. 

more angled and with yellow in the angle. Hind wing with post- 
medial and submarginal lines. 

$. Eedder. 

Hal. Khasis. Exp., S 36, $ 40 millim. 

3304. Fascellina hypochlora, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 137. 

<S . Differs from rectimarginata in being bright deep green suffused 
with silvery grey, except before the postmedial line at costa of fore 
wing and on hind wing. Underside with different shades of green 
replacing the yellow and red. 

Hal. Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

3305. Fascellina inornata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 399. 

c?. Differs from rectimarginata in being rufous striated and 
suffused with fuscous. Pore wing with white on outer area instead 
of purple. Hind wing with the line straight. Underside yellower, 
with the postmedial line nearer the margin and with a rounded 
sinus below the costa. 

Hob. Sikhini. Exp. 40 millim. 



Genus LEPTOMIZA. 

Leptomiza, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 406. 

Prionodonta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 401 (nee Prionodon, Horsf.). 

Mimochroa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 443 (1894). 

Leptodontopera, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 445. 

Type, L. calcearia, Wlk. 

Range. N.W.Himalayas; Sikhim; Khasis. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint upturned and hairy, the 3rd naked and 
porrect ; hind tibiae not dilated ; wings with the outer margin 
irregular. Pore wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 
stalked from before upper angle; 10 and 11 from cell and usually 
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell. 



Sect. I. (Leptodontopera). Antennae of male bipectinated 
for three-fourths length. 

A. Fore iving with vein 11 anastomosing iviili 12 and then with 10 ; 
both wings with the margin produced to points at veins 4 and 6. 

a. Male without secondary sexual characters on legs. 

3306. Leptomiza decorata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 621, pi. 32, 
fig. 9 ; C.fyS. no. 3164. 

Grey, irrorated with fuscous and with a slight vinous tinge. 
Pore wing with curved and dentate antemedial chocolate line 
with sap-green band inside it from below costa to inner 



LEPTOMIZA. 



229 



margin ; a similar postmedial line with dentate green band outside 
it ; a dark speck at end of cell ; some dark suffusion on marginal 

area below apex and on 
inner margin. Hind 
wing with dark speck at 
end of cell ; dentate post- 
medial chocolate line ; a 
submarginal band of 
green spots with pale 
line beyond them, most 
prominent towards anal 
angle ; some dark marks 




Fig. 124. — Leptomiza decorata, <$ . \. 



Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 48 millhn. 



b. Male with a ridge of long spatulate scales from base of hind legs ; 
hind tibice dilated and ivith tuft of long hair from base. 

3307. Lsptomiza codra, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 486, pi. 19, 
fig. 8. 

c? . Differs from decorata in the fore wing having no green on 
the lines ; the antemedial line not waved, very highly angled 
to lower angle of cell, and with fuscous inside of it ; the postmedial 
line not waved, double, bent outwards between vein 4 and the 
eosta, and with fuscous suffusion beyond it. Hind wing with 
traces only of the dentate postmedial line ; the submarginal line 
with no green on it 

Bab. Khasis. Exp. 44 millim. 

B. Fore wing with the outer margin produced at veins 4 and 6 ; hind 
wing with the apex excised ; the outer margin produced at veins 
4, 6, and 7 ; antennce of male with long branches. 






3308. Leptomiza translineata, Wlh. Char, undescr. Set. p. 93; 
V. Sf S. no. 2797. 
Odontopera neniea, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 485, pi. 19, 
%• 5. 

J . Eeddish brown, irrorated with fuscous ; frons whitish, with 
dark band above it. Fore wing with a rufous and fuscous streak 
below subcostal nervure from base to apex ; a nearly erect ante- 
medial fuscous line ; a spot at end of cell ; an erect line from 
three-fourths length of costa to outer angle ; an indistinct irregu- 
larly sinuous submarginal line, with white subapical spot on it. 
Hind wing with subbasal and antemedial indistinct sinuous lines ; 
black speck at end of cell ; curved postmedial series of specks ; an 
oblique line from apex to outer margin below vein 6. Underside 
much suffused with brown, and with pale patch at middle of outer 
margin of each wing. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 50 millim. 



230 geometkid^e. 

Sect. II. (Prionodonta). Antennae of male serrate ; outer margin 
of both wings highly crenulate. 

f 3309. Leptomiza amethystina, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 402, pi. 31, 
fig. 13. 

c? . Head green and ochreous ; thorax and abdomen purple and 
black. Wings striated with black ; the basal one-third purple with 
black outer edge and a bright green patch on base of costa of 
fore wing ; a broad green medial band with waved edges and 
narrowing to inner margin of hind wing ; the outer third purple, 
with large green patches at apex of each wing and black sub- 
marginal line obsolescent towards apex of each wing and waved 
on hind wing. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 48 millim. 

Sect. III. Antennse of male ciliated. 

A. (Mimochroa). Outer margin of each wing highly crenulate. 

3310. Leptomiza basipuncta, Moore, P.Z.S. 1867, p. 621; C.$S. 
no. 3180. 

S . Bright rufous, slightly irrorated with black. Fore wing 
with the costal area greyish ; a hyaline basal speck ; slightly waved 
curved antemedial and medial lines ; a speck at end of cell ; a post- 
medial sinuous series of black specks, with fuscous suffusion 
beyond them below apex and a black spot above inner margin. Hind 
wing with traces of subbasal, medial, and postmedial waved lines. 
Underside with the ground-colour paler and the lines more 
prominent. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 32 millim. 

*3311. Leptomiza anticleata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 229; C. $ S. 
no. 3179. 

Differs from basipuncta in being paler. Eore wing with sub- 
basal, double antemedial and medial slightly waved lines, the last 
becoming treble below vein 4 ; a postmedial line from the costa to 
vein 4 ; the margin deeply excised below the apex. Hind wing 
unmarked except for a dark marginal line. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. 

*3312. Leptomiza? olivescens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 228; C. $ S. 
no. 3200. 

$ . Olive-brown, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Tore wing 
with a speck at end of cell ; an oblique line from vein 4 to inner 
margin, with a white spot inside it at lower angle of cell. Hind 
wing with medial line ; a large brown-speckled white patch in end 
of cell and two similar submarginal spots ; a yellowish lunule at 
anal angle. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 45 millim. 



LEPTOMIZA. — CEO0ALL1S. 231 

B. (Leptomiza). Fore wing with the outer margin produced at 
veins 4 and 6 ; hind wing with the outer margin angled at 
vein 4. 



(T» 



3313. Leptomiza calcearia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 132 ; C. $ S. no. 3163. 

2 • Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous ; wings rufous with 
darker striae ; a yellow spot at end of cell of fore wing ; a broad 
olive-yellow band from costa before apex to middle of inner margin 
of hind wing, with a crenulate silvery line on its outer edge and 
some rufous spots beyond it. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas; Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

G. Fore wing with the outer margin not produced at vein 6 ; both 
wings with it angled at vein 4. 

C 5_JS?14. Leptomiza dentilineata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 228; C. $ §?. 
no. 3165. 

S . Differs from calcearia in the ground-colour being olive. 
Eore wiug with a waved silvery antemedial line on a purplish 
band ; the oblique line of both wings with purplish beyond it and 
a broad olive-green band inside it ; some purple on the margin. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

Genus CROCALLIS. — 

Crocallis, Treitschke, Eur. Schmett. vi, i, p. 151 (1827). 
Odontopera, Steph. III. Brit. Ent, Haust. iii, p. 162 (1829). 
Gonodontisi, Hubn. Verz. p. 287 (r 1818), non descr. 
Corotia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 624. 
Niphonissa, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 394,(1878). 

Type, 0. tusciaria, Borkh., from Europe. 

Range. Europe ; Japan ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Head and thorax very hairy ; palpi hairy and reaching beyond 
the frons ; hind tibiae not dilated. Eore wing with the outer 
margin usually highly crenulate and produced at veins 4 and 6 ; 
vein 3 from near angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper 
angle, 10 and 11 free. Hind wing with the margin usually 
crenulate ; vein 3 from close to angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male thickened and flattened, outer 
margin of fore wing angled at vein 4. 

3315. Crocallis lentiginosaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 622 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3169. 
Crocalis similaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 227 ; C. § S. no. 3171. 

3 . Brownish ochreous, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Eore 
wing suffused with grey-brown ; a small annulus at end of cell; 
traces of ante- and postmedial lines, which approach each other 
towards inner margin, the latter with white specks on the veins. 



232 GEOMETRID^I. 

Hind wing with small annul us at end of cell and indistinct post- 
medial line. 

Lentiginosaria is a large form with the margin of the fore wing 
angled at vein 4, but not toothed at vein 6 as in similaria, which is 
smaller. 

Hab. Kulu ; Dharmsala ; Sikhiin. Exp. 54-60 millim. 

Sect. II. Antenna? of male bipectinated, with short spatulate 
branches. 

A. (Odontopera). Fore wing with the outer margin angled. 

3316. Crocallis obliquaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 622; C. # S. 
no. 3170. 
Crocalis angularia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 622 ; C.SfS. no. 3166. 
Oocalis bivittaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 622 ; C. $ 8. no. 3167., 
Crocalis arida, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) i, v. 394./ 
Crocalis bilinearia, &mnh. P. Z. S. 1889, "p. 423. 
Crocallis heydena, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 203. 3 

Differs from lentiginosaria in having the postmedial line of fore 
wing prominent and usually with pale outer edge. 

The outer margin may be hardly crenulate or strongly toothed ; 




Fig. 125. — Crocallis obliquaria, <$ . \. 

the ground-colour much yellower with fuscous blotches; the ante- 
medial line may be prominent or entirely obsolete and in typical 
obliquaria the postmedial line of the fore wing is straight and 
oblique from near the apex. 

Bab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Khasis. Exp. 42-60 millim. 



B. (Corotia). Fore wing with the outer margin evenly curved. 

3317. Crocallis cervinaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 625, pi. 32, fig. 10 ; 
C. Sf S. no. 3240. 

S . Reddish grey, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with very 
indistinct curved aute- and postmedial lines ; a grey discal patch. 
Hind wing with grey discal spot and postmedial line. Underside 
with the discal spots prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 50 millim. 



CROCAMilS. — GAKJ5US. 233 

Sect. III. (Crocallis). Autennse of male with the branches 
longer, wings with the margin evenly curved. 

3318. Crocallis kametaria, Feld. Pets. Nov. pi. 123, fig. 28; C. £ S. 

no. 3168. 

Yellowish fulvous. Fore wing with the ground-colour whitish ; 
the costa fulvous ; a broad fulvous medial band widest at costa, 
narrowest at middle, and with a pale patch on it surrounding a 
small annulus at end of cell ; some fulvous irroration on outer area. 
Hind wing pale, with indistinct medial oblique fulvous band ; 
cilia of both wings chequered fulvous and white. 

Hab. "Batnpur, Himalaya" ; Murree. Exp. 33 millim. 

Genus GARJEUS. 

Garaeus, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 623. 
Epifidonia, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 391. 
Pseudomiza, Butt. III. Ret. vii, p. 100 (1889). 

Type, G. speculates, Moore. 

Mange. Japan ; Himalayas ; Assam. 

Eyes hairy ; palpi with the 2nd joint reaching vertex of head 
and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd prominent ; antennae 
of male bipectinate to apex, of female serrate; thorax and abdomen 
hairy ; bind tibiae not dilated. Eore wing with the costa slightlv 
excised, the apex somewhat produced and falcate; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 10 
and 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Both wings with the outer margin crenulate. 

3319. Garseus specularis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 623, pi. 32, fio-. 3 ; 

C. 8r S. no. 3184. 

Head and collar dark rufous, the latter fringed with grey ; thorax 
and abdomen orange-red, with some purplish suffusion. Eore wing 

orange-red, striated and suf- 
fused with purplish brown ; 
a curved antemedial sinuous 
purplish -brown line ; a spot 
at end of ceil ; a postmedial 
line angled below costa, 
then oblique to inner mar- 
gin, and with two hyaline 
spots on its inner edge at 
lower angle of cell ; a cre- 
nulate submarginal line. Hind wing with a hyaline spot in cell 
and two or three below the angle of cell ; the oblique line medial ; 
a crenulate submarginal line. Underside with the cell-spots black ; 
the outer area suffused with purple. 

One specimen is dark vinous red, with the medial semihyaline 
lunules of both wrings extensive. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 




234 GEOMETRID^. 






3320. Garaeus cruentatus, Butt A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 124; id. III. 
Met. vi, pi. 114, fig. 3 ; C. $ JS. no. 3183. 

Pericallia sikkima, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 228 ; C. fy S. no. 3201. 

3 . Differs from specularis in being much darker red suffused 
with purplish brown. Fore wing with the antemedial liue obscure ; 
a speck at end of cell and no hyaline spots below it ; the postmedial 
line of both wings double and nearer the margin ; no crenulate 
line. Hind wing with a single hyaline spot below the cell. Under- 
side of hind wing wholly suffused with purple. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

3321. Garaeus albipunctatus, n. sp. 

3 . Purplish fuscous brown. Fore wing with a chestnut fascia 
in the cell extending to the outer margin below apex ; an 
indistinct slightly curved antemedial dark line ; an oblique slightly 
sinuous postmedial line; a speck at end of cell and hyaline sub- 
apical spot. Hind wing with indistinct double waved medial line ; 
a patch of hyaline and fuscous specks beyond and below end of 
cell. Underside striated and spotted with fuscous ; the greater 
part of hind wing orange. 

Hab. Dharmsala {Hocking) ; Murree {Harford). Exp. 34-36 
millim. Type in B. M. 

3322. Garaeus coloratus, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 401, pi. 32, fig. 2Q. 

Pale ochreous, much suffused, irrorated, and blotched with ferru- 
ginous. Fore wing with traces of a dark patch below middle of 
median nervure ; a black spot at end of cell ; a waved postmedial 
purplish-silver line on an ill-defined olive band and w 7 ith an obscure 
pale maculate band beyond it. Hind wing similar ; the area at anal 
angle purplish. Underside with the colouring brighter, especially 
the olive-green beyond the postmedial silvery line, wnich is obso- 
lescent. 

Hab. Sikhim, 12,000 feet. Exp., 3 42, $ 52 millim. 

Sect. II. Outer margin of hind wing slightly crenulate. 

3323. Garaeus discolor, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 400, pi. 32, fig. 19. 

3 . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey and rufous ; frons and 
antennae dark rufous. Pore wing grey, with slight dark irroration 
and some pale reddish suffusion on costal and apical areas ; traces 
of antemedial and medial lines angled below the costa ; a black 
speck at end of cell ; an oblique postmedial series of black specks, 
angled below the costa and arising from a white spot on the costa ; 
a white striga from costa before apex. Hind wing grey, with dark 
irroration and some olive suffusion on inner area; an antemedial 
dark line; a postmedial series of black specks terminating in a 
black and white mark on inner margin. Underside with a dark 
brown triangular patch on costa of fore wing before apex ; diffused 



GAR^US. 235 

white bauds at the lines and an indistinct waved subinarginal white 
line to each wing. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 36 millim. 

Sect. III. Outer margin of neither wing crenulate. 
((3324,. Garaeus apicatus, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 617 ; C. $ S. no. 3242. 

cT . Differs from albipunctatus in being olive-brown suffused 
with purple. Eore wing with the postmedial line double, pale, 
and not sinuous ; some pale patches on costa towards apex and no 
subapical spot. Hind wing with a vinous tinge and striated with 
fuscous ; the patch beyond and below cell marbled with black and 
pale brown. Underside pale, the inner area of hind wing fulvous. 
2 . Paler, with the marbled patch ou hind wing very prominent. 

One specimen is dark purplish grey, with a subapical patch on 
the angle of the postmedial line of fore wing and the medial 
patch of hind wing sap-green. 

Hab. Murree ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp., tf 34, $ 44 millim. 

4. y 3325. Garaeus muscorarius, n. sp. 

<$ . Differs from apicatus in being dark purplish brown ; the 
oblique line with purple outer edge and purplish suffusion beyond 
it ; fore wing with indistinct dentate antemedial line ; hind wing 
with a greenish band from lower angle of cell to inner margin. 
Underside with much more yellow on hind wing. 

2 . Olive-chestnut ; fore wing with the oblique line sinuous. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp., <$ 44, $ 48 millim. Type iu B. M. 



€ : 



o 



3326. Garaeus argillaceus, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 100, pi. 135, fig. 15. 

Differs from apicatus in being chestnut and more irrorated with 
fuscous ; a dark speck at end of cell ; a purple aud chestnut line 
from apex of fore wing to middle of inner margin of hind wing. 
Underside paler. 

The Shillong form is darker than the IV.W. Himalayan. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Shillong. Exp., <3 40, 
2 50 millim. 

3327. Garaeus signatus, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 392, pi. 35, fig. 9 ; 
C. $ S. no. 3678. 

S . Yellowish brown, striated with fuscous ; wings with the 
outer area suffused with rufous. Tore wing with antemedial curved 
fuscous line ; indistinct medial and postmedial lines angled below 
the costa, the latter with a hyaline spot in the angle. Hind wing 
with medial dark line. Underside yellower. 

Hab. Kulu ; Murree ; Thundiani ; Kashmir. Exp. 30 millim. 

J 3328. Garaeus absona, Smnh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 427. 

cJ . Differs from signatus in being dark chocolate, with the lines 
obscured ; the hyaline spot of fore wing on an olive-green patch ; 



236 GEOMETRIC. 

hind wing with a fiery red patch on costa near apex. Underside 
fiery red. 

Hah. Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

Genus HETEROMIZA. 

Heteromiza, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 405. 
Pissoplaga, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 442 (1894). 
Mimomiza, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 444. 

Type, H. castanearia, Moore. 

Range. Himalayas; Khasis. 

Differs from Garceus in the eyes being naked, the antennae being 
usually simple in both sexes ; fore wing with the costa evenly 
curved. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 
11 anastomosing with 12. 

A. (Heteromiza). Hind tihioe of male dilated, with a fold 
and tuft of hair. 

3329. Heteromiza castanearia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 616, pi. 32, 

fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 3245. 
Heteromiza cervina, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 405. 

S . Pale red-brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with an 
oblique antemedial pale line angled below costa ; a dark spot at 




Fig. 127. — Heteromiza castanearia, $ . \. 

angle of cell ; a dark and pale line from the costa highly angled 
below apex, then straight to middle of inner margin of hind wing. 
Underside with cell-spot to hind wing and crenulate submarginal 
white line with black specks at the veins of both wings. 

£ . Bright chestnut. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp., <S 38, $ 48 millim. 

B. (Dissoplaga). Hind tibice of male not dilated. 

3330. Heteromiza flava, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 233, pi. 8, fig. 5 ■ C. §■ S. 
no. 3248. 
Cimicodes sanguiflua, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 233, pi. 8, fig. 4 ; C. 8f S. 
no. 3249. 

Yellow ; the head chocolate ; wings with slight striae. Tore wing 



HETEEOMIZA. — DALIMA. 237 

with a white speck at end of cell ; an oblique dark postmedial striga 
from costa ; an oblique line from costa just before apex to middle 
of inner margin of hind wing. Underside irrorated with rufous ; 
each wing with dark cell-spot, the spot on fore Aving having a white 
speck at centre ; fore wing w T ith an apical white patch, 

The form Jlava is wholly yellow ; sanguiflua is suffused with 
pink, leaving a yellow band on each side of the oblique line 
expanding into a large triangular patch on costa of fore wing. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 38 millim. 

Sect. II. Pore wing with vein 11 free from the cell ; the costa 
more arched ; hind tibiae of male not dilated. 

3331. Heteromiza argentilinea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 617 j C. $ S. 

no. 3140. 

Fulvous yellow ; wings with slight dark striae. Fore wing with 
dark speck at end of cell ; a waved fuscous line from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin, with a pale patch beyond it above margin ; 
a double somewhat irregular oblique pink line from apex of fore 
wing, widening to middle of inner margin of hind wing, and filled 
in with whitish. 

Hah. Bhutan. Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. III. (Mimomiza). Antennae of male bipectinated ; fore wing 
with veins 10 and 11 free from the cell ; hind tibiae of male 
not dilated. 

3332. Heteromiza cruentaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 616 ; Waterh. 

Aid, pi. 151, fig. 6 ; C.fyS. no. 3247. 

3 . Bright yellow ; wings irrorated with grey or reddish brown ; 
a double oblique line from apex of fore wing to inner margin of 
hind wing before middle, the area beyond it suffused with rufous ; 
a rufous blotch with hyaline spots on it at apex of fore wing on 
costa. 

2 . With the apex of fore wing more produced ; the rufous 
suffusion on outer area slight or wanting. 

Hah. Dalhousie ; Dharmsala ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 46, $ 54 millim. 



Genus DALIMA. 

Dalima, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 614. 
Panisala, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 620. 
Metoxydia, Butl. III. Het. vi, p. 55 (1886). 
Hololoma, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 895. 
Leptostichia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 397. 
Calladelphia, Warr. Nov. ZooL p. 442 (1894). 

Type, D. apicata, Moore. 

Range. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. 
Palpi short and hairy. Pore wing of male with fovea ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked from before upper 



238 



GEOMETRID^. 



angle ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 
Hind tibiae of male dilated, with a fold containing an expansile tuft 
of hair. 

Sect. I. (Panisala). Antennae of male bipectinated, with long 
branches ; fore wing with the costa lobed just before apex, 
which is truncate ; hind wing with the apex truncate ; the 
outer margin indented between veins 6 and 7. 

3333. Dalima truncataria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 620 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3159. 
Panisala olivessens, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 395. 

Grey, suffused with pale olive-brown and irrorated with dark 
brown. Eore wing with a slight white bloom ; antemedial and 




Fig. 128. — Dalima truncataria, $ . \. 

medial oblique brown hairs ; a dark speck at end of cell ; a post- 
medial curved double line filled in with white and bent outwards 
between veins 7 and 4 ; an indistinct lunulate sub marginal whitish 
line. Hind wing with oblique ante- and postmedial brown lines, 
the latter double, filled in with white, and slightly curved ; a dark 
speck at end of cell ; a lunulate whitish submarginal line ; cilia of 
both wings rufous. Underside brownish ochreous. 

The form olivescens has olive-brown suffusion beyond the medial 
and postmedial lines of each wing, the latter single. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 78 millim. 



Sect. II. Apex of fore wing arched, of hind wing truncate. 

A. (Dalima). Antenna? of male serrate, with fasciculated cilia. 

3334. Dalima apicata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 615, pi. 32, fig. 4 ; 
C. 8f S. no. 3130. 

S . Bright yellow, irrorated with fuscous ; head black, except on 
vertex ; end of abdomen fuscous. Fore wing with the base, apex, 



DALIMA. 239 

and inner area suffused with rufous ; some blackish patches on 
costa and one on middle of inner margin ; a greyish fuscous spot 
at end of cell; an indistinct submarginal series of greyish fuscous 
lunules, most prominent towards costa. Hind wing with spots at 
end of cell and on middle of inner margin ; submarginal spots near 
costa and inner margin. Underside with the markings more 
prominent and rufous. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 82 millim. 

B. (Calladelphia). Antenna? of male bipectinated, the brandies 
short and stiff. 

3335. Dalima schistacearia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 615; C. $ S. 

no. 3132. 
Dalima patnaria, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 122, fig. 12 ; C.$ S. no. 3131. 

Sericeous red-brown, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing 
with three black spots on costa ; a postmedial pale line very highly 
angled below apex, then oblique to inner margin, where it ends in 
a black spot. Hind wing with medial pale line ; cilia of both 
wings rufous. Underside orange-red, prominently striated with 
fuscous. 

Typical schistacearia is more purplish, with a purplish-white 
patch on fore wing inside the angle of the line which is white ; the 
female redder, without the black spot on inner margin of fore 
wing. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 68 millim. 

3336. Dalima lucens, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 396. 

Pale ochreous, irrorated with fuscous; frons and extremity of 
abdomen chocolate. Eore wing with chocolate slightly curved 
antemedial line ; broad oblique medial line ; a postmedial line 
highly angled outwards between veins 4 and 7, then oblique to 
inner margin near medial line ; a waved submarginal line. Hind 
wing with broad oblique antemedial line ; black speck at end of 
cell ; oblique postmedial line nearly joining the antemedial line at 
inner margin ; a curved submarginal line. Underside suffused 
with ferruginous. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 72 millim. 

C. Antennas of male bipectinated, with long decumbent 
branches. 

3337. Dalima calamina, Butl. A. M. N. B. (5) vi, p. 121 ; id. III. Bet. 

vi, pi. 114, fig. 7 ; C.$ S. no. 3214. 

o . Ochreous, irrorated with fuscous ; head black. Fore wing 
with some fuscous patches on costa ; an indistinct sinuous ante- 
medial line; an oblique line from apex, curved outwards below 
vein 2, and reaching the inner margin beyond middle, where it has 
a fuscous patch outside it ; some silvery submarginal lunules on 



240 GEOMETftlDJE. 

apical area met by a streak from apex ; a round spot below vein 4. 
Hind wing with a black speck at end of cell and traces of crenulate 
submarginal line. Underside of fore wing with oblique line from 
apex excurved to near outer angte ; hind wing with waved ante- 
medial and crenulate submarginal lines. 
Hub. Sikhini ; Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 

{/ 3338. Dalima intricata, Wan: P. Z. & 1893, p. 396. / 

3* Differs from calamina in the fore wing having a straight 
medial line ; the postmedial line well defined, angled below costa, 
and with black marks on the recurved portion above inner margin ; 
a series of white spots beyond the submarginal line and a marginal 
series. Hind wing with ante- and postmedial lines, the latter 
recurved below vein 6 ; the margin more produced at vein 7. 
Underside with the lines as on upperside, but prominent. 
Hub. Bhutan ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

/ 3339. Dalima nubilata, n. sp. 

<3 . Differs from calamina in being pale fuscous, largely irrorated 
and suffused with dark fuscous ; the markings similar ; hind wing 
with the outer margin much more produced at vein 7. 

Hob. Nagas, 6000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 74 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 



Sect. Ill, (Hololoma). The apex of neither wing truncate, 

A. Antennce of male ivith short brandies ending in fasciculate cilia ; 
hind tibiae dilated. 

3340. Dalima patularia, Wlk. Cat. xx, p. 247 ; C. fy S. no. 3218. 

Grey-brown, with a whitish bloom. Fore wing with oblique 
antemedial and medial rufous lines, the latter black at inner 
margin, where it is joined by an indistinct grey and brown line 
from costa near apex ; traces of a submarginal line. Hind wing 
with oblique rufous slightly curved medial line ; curved rufous and 
grey postmedial line ; a series of grey and fuscous submarginal 
specks : both wings with the cilia rufous. Underside orange. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 64 millim. 

B. Antennce of male serrate and fasciculate. 

3341. Dalima latitans, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 397. 

S . Differs from scJiistacearia form patnaria in the apex of fore 
wing being less produced ; the postmedial line curved, not angled, 
below costa ; hind wing with antemedial blackish band and curved 
rufous postmedial line. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 60 millim. 



DALIMA. — AMBLYCHIA. 



241 



C. Antennae of male with two pairs of serrations from each joint 
and long fasciculate cilia arising from them. 



3342. Dalima vulpinaria, Moore, Lep. Afk. p. 232 ; C. $ S. no. 3213. 

Ferruginous brown, irrorated with fuscous and suffused with 
purplish. Fore wing with indistinct waved antemedial line with 
bluish white on it ; a dark cell-speck at end of cell ; medial and 
postmedial oblique rufous streaks from costa ; an oblique rufous 
line from apex to middle of inner margin, near which it has silvery 
blue inside it ; an indistinct dark submarginal line. Hind wing 
with ante- and postmedial rufous lines, the latter with silvery blue 
inside it ; traces of a submarginal line ; cilia of both wings rufous. 
Underside orange-red, irrorated with black. 

Hab. Sikhirn. Exp. 56 millim. 

Genus AMBLYCHIA. - 

Amblyckia, Guen. Thai, i, p. 214 (1857). 
Gyadroma, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 220. 

Type, A. angeronaria, Guen. 

Range. Sikhim ; Assam ; Ceylon ; Andamans ; Sumatra ; Java ; 
Borneo. 

Palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head and fringed with long 
hair in front ; antennae of male usually bipectinated with long 
branches to three-fourths length ; hind tibiae usually dilated and 
with a tuft of hair from base on inner side. Fore wing of male 




Fig. 129. — Amblychia angeronaria, $ . \. 

with fovea ; the apex somewhat acute and produced ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle; 11 
free. Hind wing with the outer margin produced at vein 4 ; vein 
3 from before angle of cell. 

VOL. III. K, 



242 GEOMETEIDiE. 

Sect. I. {Amblychia). Fore wing with vein 10 present and free ; 
hind wing with the outer margin crenulate. 

3343. Amblychia angeronaria, Guen. Thai, \, p. 215, pi. 4, fig. 9 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 3401. , f~ 
Amblychia torrida, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 621 ; C. $ S. no. 3402. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous ; wings fulvous, almost 
wholly suffused with rufous and striated with fuscous. Tore wing 
with waved antemedial dark line, with whitish lunules on its inner 
edge ; an indistinct medial line ; an oblique postmedial series of 
whitish lunules, largest at middle ; a nearly straight postmedial 
dark band joining an indistinct lunulate submarginal line near 
outer angle ; a whitish patch on costa towards apex. Hind wing 
with indistinct nearly straight medial and lunulate postmedial and 
submarginal lines. 

$ . Fulvous, without rufous suffusion ; the white apical patch 
large. 

The form torrkla is reddish fuscous in the male, rufous in the 
female ; the typical specimens from the Andamans with large white 
postmedial patches on fore wing near the costa. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Assam ; Ceylon ; xindamans ; Sumatra ; Java. 
Exp. 80-110 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with vein 10 absent. 

A. (Gyadroma). Fore wing with the outer margin not angled; antennae 

of male with long alia ; hind iving ivith long hair on underside 
below lower angle of cell, along vein 1 b, and on inner margin ; 
fore coxae, hind femora, and tibice with dense fringe of hair. 

3344. Amblychia testacearia, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867 ; p. 623 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3173. ^-~ 

3 . Red-brown, irrorated and suffused with fuscous. Fore wing 
with yellower patches on costa beyond middle and at middle of 
outer area ; both wings with black speck at end of cell, postmedial 
straight line and indistinct dentate submarginal line. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 

B. Fore wing ivith the outer margin angled at vein 4 ; hind wing 

ivith the margin not crenulate and with thick fringe of hair at 
middle of inner margin ; antenna? of male bipectinated ; hind 
femora fringed with hair, but not the tibia. 

3345. Amblychia tetragonata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1651. 
Menophra deficient Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 237, pi. 8, fig 1 . 23 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3271. 

Grey, irrorated with fuscous. Tore wing with traces of ante- 
medial curved line ; two medial lines which anastomose at middle ; 
a postmedial series of black specks. Underside with black spot at 
end of cell and crenulate postmedial line. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Borneo. Exp. 52 millim. 



CHORODNA. 



243 



V 



Genus CHORODNA. — 
Chorodna, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 314 (1860). 

Type, C. erebusaria, Wlk. 

Range. Eastern Himalayas ; Assam ; Khasis ; Borneo. 

Palpi obliquely upturned and fringed with hair in front, the 3rd 
joint minute ; antenna? of male bipectinated to three fourths 
length ; hind tibiae dilated and with a tuft of hair from base ; 
abdomen hairy below in male. Fore wing with the eosta arched 
towards apex ; the outer margin oblique and with two more or less 
prominent excisions below apex ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 10 free ; 11 given off: 
from 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with the outer margin produced to points 
at the veins, especially at veins 4 and 7. 

3346. Chorodna pallidularia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 613; C. # S. 

no. 3125: 

$ . Brownish ochreous, slightly irrorated with fuscous ; head 
black. Fore wing with indistinct series of antemedial specks ; a 
highly curved waved medial line ; a similar postmedial line ; the 
outer area suffused with fuscous except at outer angle ; a sinuous 
submarginal line obsolete towards costa; a speck at end of cell. 
Hind wing with straight antemedial line ; a black spot at upper 
angle of cell ; a postmedial series of specks ; a submarginal line 
angled outwards at vein 6. Underside ochreous, with two waved 
medial lines which cross each other at costa of hind wing ; outer 
area of fore wing rufous. 

2 much paler. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Sibsagar. Exp., tf 90, $ 105 millim. 

3347. Chorodna vulpinaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 614 ; C. # S. 

no. 3129. 

<$ . Differs from pallidularia in being olive-brown suffused with 
rufous and slightly striated with black. Eore wing with a black 
patch at and above upper angle of cell ; the medial line not waved 
and joined by the postmedial line below cell ; a pale outer edge to 
the postmedial line of both wings. Underside almost uniform. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 92 millim. 

3348. Chorodna adunibrata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 235 ; a $ S. 

no. 3120. 

J . Differs from vulpinaria in being more fuscous and less 
rufous ; hind wing with the outer margin more produced at the 
veins ; the line almost marginal and less angled. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 64 millim, 

r2 



244 



GEOMETRIC. 



3349. Chorodna metaphaearia, Wlk 



Cat. xxvi, p. 1482 ; Butt. III. 



Het. vi, pi. 115, fig-. 8 ; C. $ S. no. 3123^ 
Erebomorpha semiclusaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1552. 
Erebomorpha prgetextata. Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, lig\ 16: C.Sc S. 

no. 3188. 

<3 . Pale fuscous, slightly irrorated with black ; the thorax and 
end of abdomen ochreous. Eore wing suffused with ochreous ; an 
indistinct anteruedial waved line angled to lower end of cell ; a 
ring-spot at upper angle ; an oblique curved double postmedial line 
obsolete towards costa and with a rufous patch beyond it on inner 




area ; a submarginal line incurved below middle and with a large 
white patch beyond it. Hind wing with ring-spot at upper angle 
of cell ; a postmedial series of specks ; a submarginal white line 
augled outwards to near margin at middle, below which the outer 
area is white. 

2 much paler. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 82 millim. 



Sect. II. Hind wing with the outer margin not produced at the 
veins, but angled at vein 7. 

3350. Chorodna testaceata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 615 : C. $ S. 
no. 3117. 

$ . Yellowish red-brown, slightly irrorated with black. Fore 
wing with traces of antemedial, medial, and postmedial bands, 
angled below costa, the last joining the medial band at inner 
margin, and with a diffused blackish patch beyond it at middle. 
Hind wing with antemedial straight line and traces of a post- 
medial band. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 90 million. 



CHORODNA. — BISTON. 245 

Sect. III. Hind wing with the outer margin evenly curved. 

3351. Chorodna erebusaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 314 ; Butl. III. Met. vi, 

pi. 115, fig. 9; C. $ S. no. 3122. 

<3 . "Whitish, suffused with pale brown and irrorated with black. 
Fore wing with a line from middle of costa angled at each angle of 
cell, then oblique to near base of inner margin ; a large chocolate 
renif orm spot beyond discocellulars extending to the costa ; a post- 
medial double line highly excurved below costa and incurved below 
middle ; the area between the medial and postmedial lines whiter ; 
a pale patch on outer area below middle. Hind wing whiter, with 
a blackish spot at end of cell ; a postmedial series of specks ; two 
black striae above middle of outer margin and a pale patch below 
middle. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Shillong. Exp. 88 millim. 

Genus BISTON. 

Biston, Leach, Edinb. Encycl. ix, p. 134 (1815). 

Eubyja, Hiibn. Verz. p. 318 (? 1818). 

Lycia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 319. 

Amphidasis, Treitschke, Eur. Schmett. vi, i, p. 229 (1827). 

Buzura, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1531 (1862). 

Cusiala, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 407 (1887). 

Amraica, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 245 (1888). 

Eubyjodonta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 416. 

Blepharoctenia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 428 (1894). 

Type, B. stratiaria, Hiibn., from Europe. 

Range. Nearctic and Palaearctic regions; throughout India, 
Ceylon, and Burma ; Java. 

Palpi short and hairy ; thorax stout and clothed with thick pile ; 
legs hairy ; hind tibiae not dilated and with the spurs slight. Pore 
wing with the apex rounded ; the outer margin oblique ; vein 3 
from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper angle ; 
10 and 11 stalked, 10 often connected with 8 and 9. Hind wing 
with the cell long ; vein 3 from the angle. 

Sect. I. Proboscis weak ; frons densely hairy ; antennae of male 
bipectinated to near apex with stiff branches ; hind tibiae with 
the 1st pair of spurs near the extremity. 

A. (Biston). Both wings with the outer margins non-crenulate. 

3352. BistOll regalis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 234 ; C.fyS. no. 3253. 
Amphidasys porphyria, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 102, pi. 136, tig. 1. 

Head and thorax irrorated with brown and black ; palpi black ; 
abdomen brown, irrorated with black and white, and with white 
spots on vertex. Fore wing brown, irrorated with black ; the basal, 
medial, and apical areas whitish ; an antemedial black line slightly 
angled in cell and bent inwards below vein 2 ; a postmedial line 
excurved from veins 7 to 4, incurved from veins 4 to 2, and angled 



246 geometeid^e. 

inwards on vein 1 ; an indistinct whitish submarginal sinuous line, 
Hind wing whitish, with subbasal line and postmedial sinuous line 
angled outwards on vein 4. 

The form /porphyria has the thorax brown; the wings much 
browner, with hardly a trace of white areas and with indistinct 
sinuous medial line. 

Hah. Japan ; N.¥. Himalayas ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 66-74, $ 
108 millim. 

3353. Biston cognataria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 208. 

Differs from regalis in being grey thickly irrorated with fuscous, 
the vertex of head and collar whitish ; fore wing with the ante- 
medial line more angled on median nervure ; the postmedial line 
prominently angled between veins 4 and 6; the medial sinuous 
line of both wings more prominent. 

Hah. N. America; N.W. Himalayas. Exp., <$ 36, $ 62 
millim. 

B. (Eubyjodonta). Both wings with the outer margin crenulate and 
more or less produced at vein 4. 

3354. Biston sinuata, n. sp. 

S • Pale brown, irrorated with fuscous ; collar fringed with 
black : abdomen ringed with black. ."Fore wing with an obliquely 
curved antemedial black line with a brown band inside it ; both 
wings with indistinct medial line ; a postmedial black line with 
two brown lines beyond it, excurved between veins 4 and 7 of fore 
wing and angled at vein 6 of hind wing ; outer area reddish brown, 
except at apex of fore wing. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 72 millim. Type in B.M. 

3355.. Biston falcata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 416. 

S • "White, irrorated with black spots ; head fulvous ; thorax 
barred wdth black ; abdomen yellowish. Fore wing with sinuous 
antemedial fulvous band ; both wings with similar submarginal 
band and some large and small fulvous spots on margin. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 62 millim. 

Sect. II. Proboscis more developed ; frons less hairy ; hind tibiae 
with the first pair of spurs medial ; wings with the outer 
margins non-crenulate. 

A. (Amraica). Antennae of male with very long uniseriate 
pectinations. 

3356. Biston recursaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 374; C. fy S. no. 333d. ^ 
Boarmia ferrolavata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1536 ; C. fy S. no. 3322 
Boarmia solivagaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1586. 
Amphidasys superans, But I. III. Het. ii. p. 48, pi. 35, fig. 3. 
Amraica fortissima, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 245 ; C. # 8. no. 3352 



biston. 247 

S > Grey, suffused and irrorated with fuscous and rufous ; frons 
and thorax reddish brown ; vertex of head and collar whitish. 
Fore wing with a rufous patch at base ; an obliquely curved ante- 
medial line angled inwards above vein 1 ; traces of a medial line 
and spot at end of cell ; a postmedial crenulate line angled at 
vein 6 ; a rufous patch on apical part of cost a ; an indistinct pale 
crenulate subinarginal line. Hind wing with traces of antemedial 
line ; spot at end of cell : postmedial series of specks and sub- 
marginal pale line. Underside with a prominent black spot at 
end of cell of each wing. 

2 with hardly a trace of rufous. 

Hab. Japan; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Bassein, Burma ; Java. Exp., 
6 70-80, 2 50-90 millim. 

B. (Buzura). Antennce of male bipectinate with short stiff branches. 

3357. Biston suppressaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 210. / 

Buzura multipunctaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1531 ; C. fy S. no. 3254. 
Buzura strigaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 416 ; id. Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 188, figs. 1, la,b,c (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3255. 

Grey, irrorated with black ; the head ochreous ; thorax and 
abdomen with yellow bars. Fore wing with waved yellow ante- 
medial band ; both wings with irregularly sinuous indistinct yellow 
medial line excurved beyond cell of fore wing ; an ill-defined post- 
medial maculate band angled at vein 5 of both wings, with some 
yellow spots beyond it and often some black suffusion at middle of 
outer margin of fore wing ; a marginal series of yellow spots. 

Larva dark green, with dark sornital bands and slight sublateral 
line ; the spiracles white ringed with red and with red centres ; 
tubercle on 1st somite and legs purple ; larva of female paler 
green. Eood-plant Cassia auriculata. 

Hab. Japan ; Kangra : Sikhim ; Assam ; Calcutta ; Ceylon. 
Exp., 6 60-70, 2 74-80 millim. 

3358. Biston varianaria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 425; C. fy S. 

no. 3255 a. 
Buzura panterinaria, Sivinh. P. Z. 8. 1886, p. 454 {nee Brem. fy 
Grey). 

Differs from suppressaria in the ground-colour being ochreous, 
thickly covered with purplish-fuscous spots. 

Hab. Mhow; Poona ; 1ST. Canara. Exp., S 52, 2 80 millim. 

C. (Cusiala). Antennce of male with very short branches, with 
fasciculated cilia at their ends. 

3359. Biston bengaliaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 210, pi. 4, fig. 2 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3250. / 
Amphidasis contectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1529 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3252. 

White, suffused with ochreous and irrorated and striated with 



248 GEOMETKID^. 

fuscous. Fore wing with a curved antemedial black line slightly- 
angled on median nervure, and with an ochreous band inside it ; 
both wings with traces of a medial line ; a postmedial black line 
highly angled at vein 5 of each wing, with slight streaks at the 




Fig. 131. — Biston bengaliaria, $ . \. 

veins, and with a diffused ochreous band beyond it ; traces of a 
waved submarginal line, with some waved black marks on each side 
of it near vein 4 of fore wing. 

The form contectaria is much less suffused with ochreous. 

Hob. Sikhim; Khasis; Shillong. Exp., tf 64-74, $ 66-92 
millim. 

3360. Biston raptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 373; C. # S. no. 3258. 
Boarmia suiasasa, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 373 ; C. 8f 8. no. 3259. 
Boarmia disterminata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 491 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

viii, pi. 149, fig. 13 ; C. $ S. no. 3257. 
Cusiala rufifasciata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 143, pi. 169, fig. 7. 

S . White, irrorated with fuscous ; antennae fulvous. Fore 
wing with waved ante- and postmedial yellowish bands, the latter 
angled beyond cell ; some black suffusion on costa. Hind wing 
with waved postmedial yellowish band excurved beyond cell ; botn 
wings with marginal series of black specks. 

2 with black lines instead of the yellowish bands. 

The form rufifasciata has browner irroration and the bands 
rufous ; suiasasa is whiter, with black instead of yellowish bands; 
disterminata has black suffusion between the bands of fore wing, 
and sometimes the hind wing black as far as the postmedial band. 

Hah. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 38-54 millim. 

3361. Biston boarmioides, Moore,Lep. Atk. p. 234; C. «$• S. no. 3256. 
Tephrosia angulata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 107, pi. 150, fig. 7. 

Differs from typical raptaria in the postmedial band of hind 
wing being angled beyond the cell instead of curved. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Granjam ; Nilgiris. Exp., <$ 46, $ 60 
millim. 



ELPHOS. 



249 



Genus ELPHOS. ' 
Elphos, Guen. Phal i. p. 285 (1857). 

Type, E. hymenaria, Guen. 

Range. Japan ; Himalayas ; Assam ; Sylhet ; Ceylon ; Burma. 

Palpi obliquely upturned and fringed with long hair in front ; 
antennae of male bipectinated with long branches to three-fourths 
length ; hind tibiae dilated ; wings very broad, the outer margin 
crenulate. fore wing of male with fovea ; vein 3 from before end 
of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 11 free. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Tore wing with vein 10 given off from 7, 8, 9. 

3362. Elphos hymenaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 285, pi. 16. fig. 4 ; Moore, 
Lep. Ceyl. iii, pi. 193, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 3398. / 
Elphos procellosa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 431. 

S • Purplish fuscous, irrorated with black and with some fulvous 
markings, especially near the lines. Pore wing with waved ante- 
medial line ; an obscure, nearly straight medial line, becoming 
antemedial on hind wing ; a diffused fulvous patch beyond cell ; 




Fig. 132. 



naria, <$ . 



both wings with highly waved postmedial and submarginal lines. 
Underside fuscous, with spot at end of cell ; a white patch beyond 
cell of fore wing ; a broad black marginal band, with white patches 
on the margin. 

2 with the ground-colour white except on apical area of fore 
wing, the purplish-fuscous and fulvous markings appearing as spots 
and blotches. 

Hab. Himalayas ; Assam ; Ceylon ; Burma. Exp., <$ 84 
millim. 



J104 



250 



GEOMETRIDjE. 



Sect. II. Tore wing with vein 10 from the cell. 

3363. Elphos pardicelata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1544 ; Butl. III. Set. 
vi, pi. 116, fig. 7 ; C$8. no. 3399. $ 
Elplios megaspilata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 430.„$ 

(5 . Differs from hymenaria in being paler and browner ; abdo- 
men yellow below; underside white, with black spots at end of 
cell and submarginal black patches to each wing. 

The eastern race megaspilata is large and coloured like hymenaria 
on upperside ; underside with a complete submarginal band. 

2 with more brown and less white than in hymenaria. 

Hah. JN\W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 
84-110, 2 HO millim. 



Genus XANDRAMES. — 

Xandranies, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 634. 

Type, X. latiferaria, Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Differs from Elphos in the palpi being shorter; antennas bi- 
pectinated to near apex in both sexes, the branches longer in male 
than in female ; hind tibiae not dilated ; wings with the margins 
non-crenulate ; fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 7, 8, 9. 

3364. Xandranies latiferaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 445. £ 

Xandranies dholaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 634; C. 8p S. 

no. 3287. 
Xandrames sericea, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 409. 
Xandranies curvistriga, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 431. 




Fig. 133. — Xandrames latiferaria, <$ . \. 

Erown ; the antennas rufous. Fore wing irrorated, striated, and 
suffused with black ; traces of a curved antemedial black band ; a 



xa:nt>rames. — gnophus. 251 

dark lunule at end of cell, a broad diffused white band with dark 
striae on it and blackish outline from costa beyond middle to outer 
angle, joined at vein 4 by a narrow white band from costa before 
apex. Hind wing fuscous brown ; the outer area striated with 
black and with white patch at apex. 

The Khasi form curvistriga is small and rufous, with a prominent 
pale submarginal line to the hind wing. 

Hab. Japan; China; N.W. Himalayas; Sikhim; Khasis. 
Exp. 82-92 millim. ; curvistriga Q5 millim. 

3365. Xandrames albofasciata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 635, pi. 32, 

tig. 5 ; C. $ S. no. 3286. 

Differs from latiferaria in the fore wing being much more 
prominently striated with black ; the white band well defined, 
narrowing towards outer angle and with the area beyond it olive- 
yellow below vein 4 ; abdomen and hind wing black, the latter 
with yellow marginal band. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 98 millim. 

Genus GNOPHUS. 

Gnophos, Treitsclike, Eur. Schmett. vi, i, p. 160 (1827). 
Scotopterix, Hiibn. Verz. p. 313 (? 1818) (non descr.). 
Catascia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 313. 

Type, G. furvatus, Schiff. 

Range. Palaearctic region ; Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Punjab ; 
Assam. 

Palpi slight, porrect, and fringed with hair below ; frons with a 
rounded projection; hind tibiae usually dilated with a fold con- 
taining a ridge of hair ; wings with the outer margins crenulate. 
Pore wing broad, with vein 3 from before or near angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper angle. Hind wing with vein 3 
from before or near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Male with the antennae thickened by appressed serrations. 

A. Male without tufts on abdomen and underside of hind wing ; fore 
wing ivith veins 10 and 11 free. 

3366. Gnophus muscosarius, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1596 ; C.fyS. no. 3411. 
Scotosia vitreata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 656 ; C.$ S. no. 3420. 

Olive-green, variegated with brown and fuscous, irrorated with 
fuscous and a few white scales. Pore wing with waved antemedial 
line ; crenulate medial and postmedial lines, the latter incurved at 
vein 4 ; an indistinct irregular submarginal line ; a marginal series 
of specks. Hind wing browner, with crenulate medial line and 
traces of a submarginal line. Underside brownish white, with 
speck at end of cell and crenulate postmedial line. 

The form vitreata is more uniform glossy sap-green ; the under- 
side silvery grey. 

Hob. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 55 millim. 



252 GEOMETRIC. 

B. Male with very large tuft on 2nd segment of abdomen ; underside 
of hind wing with very large tuft below end of cell, the inner 
margin fringed with long hair ; fore iving ivith veins 10 and 11 
stalked. 

3367. Gnophus xrevis,Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 128; id. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 116, fig. 9 ; C.SfS. no. 3404. 

<$ . Differs from muscosarius in being much irrorated with black 
evenly over the whole upper surface. Underside with a fuscous 
tiuge and fuscous suffusion beyond the postmedial line. 

2 paler green. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp., $ 58, $ 64 millim. 

Sect. II. Male with the antennae ciliated. 

A. Fore wing ivith veins 10 and 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing ivith 12. 

3368. Gnophus accipitrarius, Guen. Thai, i, p. 300 ; C. $ 8. no. 3403. 
Gnophos dispunctata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 469 ; C. fy S. no. 3406. $ 

Grey, with a greenish or brownish tinge and striated and irrorated 
with fuscous. Fore wing with indistinct obliquely curved ante- 
medial line ; both wings with medial line broken up into spots and 
becoming antemedial on hind wing ; a crenulate postmedial line 
incurved below vein 2 of fore wing ; a waved grey submarginal 
line and marginal series of specks. Underside silvery white, with 
fuscous marks on discocellulars, more or less complete postmedial 
band ; el marginal fuscous band, with white patch at middle of fore 
wing and white patches on hind wing. 

Many specimens have much white suffusion on fore wing. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Shillong ; Sibsagar, Assam. Exp. 70-82 
millim. 

3369. Gnophus albistellarius, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 432. 

S . Fuscous, irrorated with blue-grey and ferruginous ; both 
wings with black-ringed white speck at end of cell ; indistinct 
waved antemedial and crenulate medial and postmedial lines. 
Underside nearly uniform fuscous grey. 

Hab. Bhutan ; Khasis. Exp. 22 millim. 

B. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 anastomosing ivith 8, 9 to form 

art areole ; both wings with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
hind tibiae not dilated. 

3370. Gnophus cinereus, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 108, pi. 136, fig. 13. 

Fuscous grey. Fore wing with waved ante- and postmedial 
lines formed of black and yellow scales ; the cell-spot black and 
yellow ; some diffused black and yellow submarginal marks forming 
an obscure band. Hind wdng with black and yellow cell-spot and 
w r aved postmedial and submarginal black and yellow lines. 

Hab. Dharmsala. Exp. 20 millim. 



GtfOPHtrs. 253 

Sect. III. (Catascia). Males with the antennae bipectinated. Tore 
wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing with 12. 

3371. Gnophus eolarius, Guen. Thai, i, p. 294 ; C. # S. no. 3407. JT 

Gnophos obtectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1597 ; Butl. III. Bet. vi, 

pi. 116, fig. 8 ; C.fy S. no. 3412. 
Scotoptervx paganata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 125, fig. 9 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3414. 
Hypoehroma tenebrosaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 633 ; C. 8r S. 

no. 3416. 
Gnophos pserlita, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 389 ; C. $ S. no. 3413. 

<S ■ Fuscous or brownish grey, thickly irrorated and suffused 
with fuscous. Fore wing with indistinct ante- and postmedial 
crenulate dark lines and submarginal waved grey line ; a speck at 




Fig. 134. — Gnophus eolarius, $ . 



end of cell. Hind wing with indistinct medial, crenulate post- 
medial, and indistinct pale waved submarginal lines. Underside 
whitish, with specks at end of cell and postmedial series of specks ; 
a broad marginal fuscous band. 

One specimen has the basal area of hind wing rufous, and a 
large rufous patch on outer area of fore wing. 

2 paler grey. 

Bab. Throughout the Himalayas and Punjab ; Khasis. Exp. 
48-60 millim. 

3372. Gnophus licheneus, Oberth, Et. Ent. xi, p. 33, pi. v, fig. 33. 

Differs from muscosarius in the ground-colour being grey, with 
the olive-green confined to the edges of the waved lines ; the 
irroration very prominent. 

Bab. Tibet; Sikhim. Exp. 50 millim. 

Genus BYLAZORA. 

Bylazora, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1549 (1862). 

Type, B pilicostata, Wlk. 

Mange. Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; ? Australia. 

Palpi porrect and hairy ; a large frontal tuft ; hind legs with a 



254 



GEOMETRIES. 



tuft of long hair from femoro-tibial joint ; wings with the outer 
margin crenulate. Fore wing short and broad ; the costa arched 
at base; male with a fovea; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked from near upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked and anastomosing 
with 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the basal half of costa very hairy ; 
vein 11 not becoming coincident with 12 ; antennae of male 
bipectinated to three-fourths length. 

3373. Bylazora pilicostata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1355 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 
viii, pi. 149, figs. 2, 3, 8, 9 ; C. # S. no. 3364. 
Bylazora licheniferata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1550 ; C. Sf S. no. 3363. 

<$ . Olive-green, irrorated with fuscous. Tore wing with dark 

subbasal mark ; two in- 
distinct antemedial, one 
medial, and one post- 
medial indistinct waved 
lines, each with dark 
specks on the veins ; a 
waved submarginal pale 
line and marginal series 
of specks ; some rufous 
along median nervure 
and the veins beyond 
it and on inner margin. 
Hind wing pale fuscous, 

w T ith speck at end of cell : an indistinct postmedial crenulate line ; 

outer area dark, with indistinct pale band and waved line outside 

it. "Underside fuscous, with the margins pale. 

Some specimens have dark marks on the antemedial, postmedial, 

and submarginal lines of fore wing. 

2 . The ground-colour greyish-white, sometimes with dark marks 

on the lines of fore wing or with prominent ante- and postmedial 

bands. 

Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 42 millim. 




">-/' 



Fig. 135. — Bylazora pilicostata, tf 



Sect. II. Fore wing with the costa not hairy; vein 11 becoming 
coincident with 12 ; antennae of male ciliated. 



3374. Bylazora infumata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, fig. 13. 
Bylazora ceylonica, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 417, pi. 193, 
"C.&S. no. 3362. 6 



J8. 4, 4 a; 



Differs from the female of 'pilicostata in being much irrorated 
and suffused with purplish fuscous. Eore wing with the ante- 
medial and medial lines less waved. Underside fuscous black, the 
outer area darkest ; a medial line ; the margins white, and white 
blotches at apex of each wing. 

Hah. Ceylon; ? Australia. Exp. 38 millim. 



OPHTHALMODES. 



Genus OPHTHALMODES. 



Ophthalmodes, Guen. Phal. i, p. 283 (1857). 

Type. 0. Tierbidaria, Guen. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Assam ; Sylhet ; Ganjam ; 
Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi reaching vertex of head and fringed with hair in front ; 
antennae bipectinated to near apex in both sexes, the branches 
longer in the male than the female ; hind tibiae not dilated. Fore 
wing with a fovea in male ; the apex rounded ; vein 3 from close 
to angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper angle ; 10 free ; 
11 given off from 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle 
of cell. 

3375. Ophthalmodes herbidaria, Guen. Phal. i, p. 283 ; Moore, Lep. 

Ceyl. in, pi. 191, %. 4 ; C. § S. no. 3367. 
Ophthalmodes diurnaria, Guen. Phal. i, fig. 284 ; C. 8f S. no. 3366. 
Boarmia pertusaria, Feld. Pels. Nov. pi. 12o, fig. 17. 
Ophthalmodes mundata, Wlk. Char, undescr. Set. p. 97 ; C. 8f S. 

no. 3369. 
Ophthalmodes pulsaria, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 489. 
Ophthalmodes lectularia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 489, 

pi. 19, fig. 4. 

Grass-green, grey-green, or yellowish green, irrorated with black ; 
abdomen with paired black dorsal specks. Fore wing with waved 
antemedial and dentate medial, postmedial, and submarginal black 
lines, the medial excurved round a black annulus at end of cell, the 
postmedial bent inwards to near the medial line below vein 4. 




Fig. 136. — Ophthalmodes herbidaria, tf . \. 

Hind wing with annulus at end of cell; dentate subbasal, medial, 
and submarginal lines ; both wings with marginal series of black 
specks. Underside with large spot at end of cell of each wing, 
and more or less complete broad marginal fuscous band. 

In herbidaria the colour is grey or grass-green ; underside of 
male pale fuscous with the marginal band complete, in the female 
w T hitish with the margin also whitish. Diurnaria is yellowish 



256 GEOMETRIC. 

green, with the dentate black lines interrupted ; the underside white, 
with the marginal band reduced to patches. 

Hah. N.W. and E. Himalayas ; Assam ; Ceylon. Exp. 54-66 
millim. 

3376. Ophthalmodes cordularia, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 155. 

Differs from herbidaria in the palpi being black; the colour 
bright grass-green ; the disk of fore wing and basal area of hind 
wing white, irrorated with green ; fore wing with the antemedial, 
medial, and postmedial lines obsolete except at costal and inner 
margins. Hind wing with black-brown antemedial band embracing 
the annulus and reduced to a line towards costa. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 56 millim. 

3377. Ophthalmodes infusaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 448 ; Butl. III. Het. vi, 

pi. 116, fig. 6 ; C. 8f S. no. 3368. J£_ 

<S . Differs from herbidaria in being olive-green ; the ante- and 
postmedial lines of both wings hardly darker than the ground- 
colour ; the medial line of fore wing obsolete ; the submarginal 
line waved and pale ; no spots on margin ; underside pale fuscous, 
with broad marginal band to fore wing and submarginal band to 
hind wing. 

Hah. Sylhet. Exp. 76 millim. 

3378. Ophthalmodes caritaria, Wlh. Cat. xxi, p. 489; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. ix, pi. 168, fig. 8 ; C. $ S. no. 3365. 

$ . Differs from herbidaria in the ground-colour being white ; 
pale brown bands inside the antemedial line and beyond the post- 
medial and submarginal bands of each wing. Underside pale 
fuscous, with diffused marginal band. 

The Ganjam specimen is pinkish. 

Hab. Ganjam ; Trincomali, Ceylon. Exp. 46 millim. 

Genus BOARMIA. 

Boarmia, TreitscJike, Eur. Schmett. v, ii, p. 433 (1825). 
— Ascotis, Hubn. Verz. p. 313 (? 1818), non descr. 

Ectropis, Hubn. Verz. p. 316. 

Synopsia, Hubn. Verz. p. 317. 

Cleora, Curt. Brit. EM. pi. 88 (1825). 

Alois, Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 113 (1829). 

Hemerophila, Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 189 (1829). 

Calicha/ilfoore, Lep. Ath. p. 236 (1888). 

Hirasa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 238. 
L^Astacuda, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 243. 

Burichura, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 245. 

Chogada, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 415 (1887). 

Serraca, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 416. 

Narapa, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 410. 

Catoria, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 414. 

Racotis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 418. 
I^JPseudangerona, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 413. 

Abaciscus, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 102 (1889). 



BOARMIA. 257 

Pcecilalcis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 427. 
Myrioblephara, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 428. '" 

Prorkinia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 430. 

Apopliyga, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 418.— 
:. Psilalcis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 430. 
Q Paradarisa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 433 (1894). 

Ephernerophila, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 434. —*~" 

Gasteroconie, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 435. — """ 

Paralcis, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 435. -— " 
O Ruttellerona, Sioinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 220. 

Type, B. cinctaria, Schiff., from Europe. 

Range. Universally distributed. 

Palpi oblique, reaching beyond the frons and fringed with hair 
below. Fore wing with the cilia slightly crenulate ; vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from near upper angle ; typically 
with 10 and 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle 
of cell ; the cilia crenulate. 

Geoup I. Male with a fovea at base of fore wing. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male fasciculate. 

A. Hind tibia? of mate not dilated. 

a. (Ectropis). Male with no tufts from hind coxa? and base of 
abdomen below. 

3379. Boarmia diversicolor, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 325 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3729 a. 

Yein 11 of fore wing anastomosing with 12. Grey, irrorated 
with fuscous ; an antemedial sinuous fuscous line ; a speck on 
discocellulars and waved postmedial and submarginal lines, the 
latter expanding into a black and white subapical mark. Hind 
wing with traces of postmedial and submarginal lines. Underside 
of fore wing browner. 

Hab. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 45 millim. 

I 3380. Boarmia conspurcata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1685; C. S? S. 
no. 3817. 

Very dark red-brown, with darker irroration. Pore wing with 
two indistinct oblique antemedial lines angled below the costa ; 
a medial line excurved round a black spot at end of cell, then 
obliquely curved to inner margin ; a postmedial line excurved 
between veins 6 and 3 ; traces of a waved submarginal line. Hind 
wing with traces of antemedial line ; speck at end of cell ; post- 
medial and submarginal lines. 

Some specimens are much brighter rufous. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

3381. Boarmia rubrifusa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 429. 

Pore wing with vein 11 anastomosing with 12. 
$ . Bright pink. Pore wing with traces of antemedial line ; 

VOL. III. S 



258 geometridjE. 

an indistinct postmedial line bent outwards beyond end of cell ; 
traces of a waved submarginal line. Hind wing with the medial 
area pale, bounded inwardly by the antemedial line and having the 
slightly waved postmedial line just inside its outer edge ; an indis- 
tinct pale waved submarginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 44 millim. 

3382. Boarmia cervina, n. sp. 

3 . Differs from rubrifusa in being pale, slightly suffused with 
rufous. Fore wing with chestnut suffusion inside the antemedial 
and beyond the postmedial lines, the latter angled beyond the cell, 
which has a speck on the discocellulars ; the crenulate submarginal 
line dark and further from the margin. Hind wing with the 
antemedial line oblique; a speck at end of cell; the postmedial 
line slightly angled beyond cell. 

Hab. Sikhim (Moller). Exp. 38 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3383. Boarmia marmorata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 659, pi. 33, fig. 3; 

C. $ S. no. 3832. 

<5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous; wings whitish. 
Tore wing with the base of costa olive-yellow; an antemedial 
band widest at inner margin, with a waved line on it and sending 
a fascia along median nervure and vein 4 ; a line on discocellulars 
and curved line beyond them from costa to the fascia ; a crenulate 
postmedial line excurved below costa and with some olive-yellow 
suffusion beyond it ; an indistinct dark dentate submarginal line ; 
some olive-yellow on margin above middle. Hind wing with 
oblique antemedial line from cell to inner margin ; a speck at end 
of cell ; a slightly sinuous postmedial line, with some olive-yellow 
suffusion beyond it near inner margin ; traces of a waved sub- 
marginal line aod a marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

3384. Boarmia enormis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 429. 

S . G-olden brown, striated and suffused with fuscous. Fore 
wing with a large patch of fuscous in, below, and beyond cell ; traces 
of a waved submarginal line. Hind wing paler, with slight fuscous 
irroration, thickest on outer area ; traces of a speck at end of cell, 
and of medial and marginal lines. 
Hab. JNagas. Exp. 28 millim. 

3385. Boarmia duplex, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 239 ; C. $ 8. no. 3295. 

Differs from ernormis in being olive-green. Fore wing without 
the fuscous suffusion ; a double antemedial black band ; medial 
striga from costa ; postmedial diffused and waved band ; a waved 
submarginal band, sending a patch to the margin below apex. 

Hab. Nepal ; Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 



BOA.RMIA. 259 

3386. Boarmia conifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 239 ; C. $ S. no. 3293. 

Differs from ochrifasciata in being grey, suffused with sap-green, 
which fades to yellow. Fore wing with a sinus in the postmedial 
line beyond cell instead of the angle ; a dark rufous patch below 
the sinus ; the subinarginal line with dark marks on it, two below 
the apex extending to the margin. Hind wing with the post- 
medial line evenly curved ; the submarginal line with dark marks 
on it. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 



3387. Boarmia idaeoides, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 239; C. $ S. no. 3298. 

Myrioblephara albipunctata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 428. 

Ectropis siniplaria, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 221. 

Pale grey, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with traces of 
curved antemedial line. Hind wing with prominent antemedial 
line : both wings with cell-speck ; a curved and waved postmedial 
black line, with some rufous on its outer edge ; a crenulate sub- 
marginal line with pale outer edge ; a marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Khasis ; J^aga and Karen Hills. Exp. 26 millim. 



3388. Boarmia ochrifasciata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 240; C. fy S 

no. 3296. 
Ectropis planaria, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 221. 

Eore wing with vein 11 given off from 10 or coincident with it. 
Yellowish-red brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with 
antemedial curved black line, with an indistinct yellowish and 
fuscous band inside it ; a black spot at end of cell on traces of a 
medial line ; a postmedial black line highly angled beyond cell and 
on vein 2, with yellowish and fuscous band beyond it ; a pale waved 
submarginal line, with dark blotch beyond it at middle and often 
with dark marks in its sinuations ; a marginal series of specks. 
Hind wing pale, more or less irrorated with fuscous ; a speck at 
end of cell and postmedial line ; the inner area yellowish brown, 
with traces of antemedial and submarginal lines. Underside pale, 
with more or less fuscous suffusion ; both wings with cell-spots ; 
hind wing with postmedial line. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 28-30 
millim. 

3389. Boarmia irrorata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 240 ; C. $ S. no. 3299. 

$ . Grey, thickly irrorated with black and suffused with 
ochreous. Fore wing crossed by five diffused ochreous bands, tho 
marginal band being reduced to patches; indistinct antemedia', 
postmedial, and submarginal slightly waved lines. Hind wing 
with three black lines, with diffused ochreous band beyond them. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 32 millim. 

s2 



260 GEOMETRID^. 

390. Boarmia leucozona, n. sp. 

c? . Fuscous grey. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial lines represented by series of specks ; traces of a waved 
submarginal line, with an indistinct rufous band between it and 
the postmedial line. Hind wing with antemedial and medial 
lines, the area between them whitish and with a small black lunule 
at end of cell ; an indistinct waved submarginal line ; both wings 
with waved marginal line. 

Hob. Nagas, 6000 feet (Doherty) . Exp. 28 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3391. Boarmia latifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 106, pi. 150, 

fig. 4. 

2 . Fore wings with veins 10 and 11 stalked. Greyish white, 
irrorated with brown and fuscous ; metathorax blackish ; abdomen 
with paired black spots on terminal segments. Fore wing with 
an antemedial curved black line, the basal area being thickly 
irrorated with black and with some yellowish suffusion ; a diffused 
black patch at end of cell ; a postmedial line inwardly oblique from 
vein 6 to 3, with the area beyond it yellowish and fuscous, as far as 
the submarginal band of black lunules ; some black marks on 
margin. Hind wisg with the black irroration slight; a spot at 
end of cell and line from lower angle to inner margin. Underside 
with the cell-spots of both wings large. 
Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 25 millim. 

3392. Boarmia crepuscularia, Hiibn. Samml. Eur. Schmett Geom 

fig. 158. 
Boarniia consonaria, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 277. 
Boarmia defessaria, Freyer,Beitr. Schmett. vi, p. 46, pi. 510 fie-. 1. 
Tephrosia dentilineata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 631 • C & S 

no. 3359. " q. 

Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked in male, coincident in 
female, from the cell in the Indian form, usually stalked with 
7, 8, 9 in the European. 

Grey-brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with double 
indistinct antemedial waved line, single medial and double post- 
medial line, each with dark specks at the veins and the last incurved 
below vein 3 and often with a dark patch beyond it at middle. 
Hind wing with waved antemedial and medial lines ; both win^s 
with a crenulate pale submarginal line and marginal series of 
specks. Underside nearly uniform grey-brown. 

Hob. Europe ; Japan ; China ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhiin • 
Khasis. Exp., tf 38-45, $ 46-52 millim. 

3393. Boarmia bhurmitra, Wlk. Cat. xxi. p. 381 : Moore Lep Ceyl iii 

pi. 191, fig. 2 ; C.$S. no. 3311. / . y " ' 

Boarmia ditfusaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 382 ; C. 8f S. no. 3320. 
Boarmia susceptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1584. 

Differs from crepuscularia in being much browner and less grey. 



BOARMIA. 261 

In the female the coincident veins 10 and 11 of fore wing are 
usually given off from 7, 8, 9. 

Hah. Punjab ; Sikhim ; jSTepal ; Khandala ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; 
Andamans ; Java ; Solomons. Exp., g 36-44, $ 48-58 millim. 

' 3394. Boarmia boarmiaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 282 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, ('} 
pi. 192, figs. "3 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3370., Zj 
Boarmia inconclusa, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 382. 
Racotis obliterata, Wan: Nov. Zool. p. 432. 
Racotis plenifasciata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 432. 
Racotis sinuosa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 433. 

Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked. 

Brownish ochreous, thickly irrorated with rufous brown. Fore 
wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial series of specks, 
the last with brownish patch at middle ; an indistinct pale waved 
submarginal line. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line ; 
crenulate postmedial line with brown patch at middle, and indis- 
tinct waved submarginal Hue ; both wings with marginal series of 
specks. Underside pale ochreous, with prominent cell-spots ; the 
outer area fuscous with the margin paler. 

Larva. Bright green, with pure white lateral line and short 
streaks on 2nd and 11th somites ; some reddish blotches above 
and below the line. 

Hob. Formosa ; Sikhim ; Assam ; Nagas ; Ceylon. Exp. 54 
millim. 

3395. Boarmia bisinuata, n. sp. 

Differs from scripturaria (p. 282) in the antemedial line of fore 
wing being evenly curved ; the cell-spot black. Hind wing with 
the postmedial line strongly excurved beyond cell and incurved 
below cell. 

Hab. Nepal; Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. Type, <$ in coll. El wes, 
2 in B. M. 

/ 3396. Boarmia cessaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 383 : Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 185, figs. 7, 7 a ; C. $ S. no. 3156. / 
Angerona praeclararia, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1499. 
Angerona pallicoataria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 620 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3158. J 

Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked. 

S . Head and base of collar black ; thorax and base of abdomen 
ochreous white; abdomen blackish, the anal tuft pale. Fore 
wing ochreous white, irrorated and striated with fuscous ; traces 
of a medial line and spot at end of cell ; a crenulate postmedial 
line, the area beyond it suffused with black except at costal area ; 
traces of a submarginal waved line. Hind wing pale ; the sub- 
basal area thickly irrorated with black ; an ill-defined antemedial 
line and spot at end of cell ; a postmedial series of specks, with 
' the area beyond them almost entirely suffused with black excepb 



, 



262 GEOMETRID.E. 

the marginal area from vein 4 to anal angle, on which there is a 
black spot below vein 2. 

2 • Vinous fuscous ; the thorax and costal area of fore wing 
greyish ; hind wing with a short pale band above anal angle. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Canara ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., S 50, 
$ 54 millim. 

b. (Psilalcis). Male with tufts of long hair from coxae, of hind legs 
and edge of abdominal stigmata. 

3397. Boarmia inceptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1590. 
Narapa breta, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 426. 

Cleora indistincta, Hmpsn. 111. Met. viii, p. 106, pi. 150, fig. 3. 

Eeddish brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with an 
indistinct waved antemedial line arising from a black mark on 
costa ; a black spot at endj of cell and ill-defined curved medial 
line ; a postmedial line bent outwards at vein 6 and inwards to 
near the medial line in interno-median interspace ; a pale waved 
submarginal line ; both wings with crenulate black marginal line. 
Underside with fuscous marks on outer area and large patch below 
apex of fore wing, or the whole outer area fuscous, except apex of 
fore wing and anal area of hind wing. The tufts on coxse and 
abdomen of male ochreous. 

The form indistincta is small and greyish, with the male tufts 
pale fuscous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Flores. Exp. (incep- 
taria) 35, {indistincta) 24 millim. 

B. (Prorhinia). Hind tibice of male dilated with a fold containing 
a ridge of hair. 

a. Abdomen of male not hairy below. 

3398. Boarmia pallidaria, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 237 ; C. $S. no. 3273. 
Pseudocoremia dendrellaria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 156. 

Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing 
with 12. 

Bed-brown, irrorated with fuscous ; palpi black at sides. Fore 
wing with an oblique sinuous antemedial line ; a similar medial 
line angled outwards below vein 2, and with traces of another line 
inside it below the cell ; a postmedial curved series of specks bent 
inwards and becoming a line at vein 2, the area within its curve 
pale ; a pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing with speck at 
end of cell and pale waved submarginal line; both wings with 
dark crenulate marginal line. Underside with the outer area 
dark. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3399. Boarmia conspicuata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 237; C. fy S. 

no. 3270. 

5 . Differs from pallidaria in being uniform red-brown, without 



BOARMIA. 263 

a pale patch on the disk of fore wing ; the lines obsolescent ; the 
anternedial and medial lines arising from dark patches on the costa, 
and the medial line not angled below vein 2 ; the postmedial line 
dilated into a black patch between vein 2 and inner margin ; some 
dark suffusion inside the submarginal line of each wing. 
Hab. Sikhhn. Exp. 36 millim. 

3400. Boarmia pingasoid.es, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 430. 

o • Palpi and frons blackish ; vertex of head white ; thorax and 
abdomen pale rufous and fuscous. Wings white, suffused with 
reddish fuscous except at base, the medial costal area, apex and 
outer angle of fore wing, and the apex and anal area of hind wing. 
Pore wing with indistinct double anternedial slightly curved lines - r 
a large spot with dark outliue at end of cell ; a postmedial line 
angled inwards in interno-median interspace ; an indistinct dentate 
submarginal line. Hind wing with indistinct sinuous anternedial 
line ; speck at end of cell ; medial line with two sinuations beyond 
cell ; indistinct dentate submarginal line ; both wings with waved 
marginal line. Underside with broad fuscous band on outer area,, 
leaving white patches on margin of both wings and inner margin 
of hind wing. 

Hab. Nagas. Exp. 28 millim. 

b. (Paradarisa). Male ivith the underside of abdomen clothed 
ivith long hair. 

3401. Boarmia comparataria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1582; C. $ S. 

no. 3405. 

Pore wing with vein 11 given off from 12. Differs from crepus- 
cularia (p. 260) in being red-brown, suffused with a green shade ; 
collar, metathorax, and abdomen with brown lines across them. 
Pore wing with the double anternedial line more distinct ; the medial 
reduced to a series of specks ; the postmedial single, prominent, 
and not incurved below vein 4, but slightly angled in interno- 
median interspace, with short streaks beyond it on the veins and 
a diffused fuscous patch from its middle to outer margin ; a pale 
waved submarginal line. Hind wing with the base dark ; an ante- 
medial line from cell to inner margin ; a speck at end of cell ; a 
postmedial line excurved beyond cell, double below vein 6, and 
with short streaks on the veins ; an indistinct pale waved submar- 
ginal line ; both wings with crenulate dark marginal line. Under- 
side with more or less dark suffusion beyond the postmedial line. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Travancore. Exp. 46 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male with two pairs of short slender branches 
from each joint ; hind wing with a fold on inner margin con- 
taining fringes of longhair; hind tibiae dilated with a fold 
containing a ridge of hair. 

3402. Boarmia hedelaria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 223. 

S . Pale brown. Pore wing with subbasal dark striga from 




-264 geometrid^e. 

costa; an antemedial waved line with diffused line inside it; a 
speck at end of cell ; a broken medial line angled at vein 6 ; a 
postmedial line incurved below vein 2, with dark specks on the 
veins and some suffusion beyond it ; an indistinct pale waved sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing with sinuous antemedial line ; speck at 
end of cell ; crenulate postmedial line and pale waved submarginal 
line. Underside with diffused submarginal fuscous band. 
Hah. Mlgiris. Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. III. (Ascotis). Antennae of male minutely serrate and 
fasciculate ; hind tibiae slightly dilated. 

3403. Boarmia selenaria, iZwfo*. Samml. Eur. Schmett., Geo?n.ftg. 163. —, 
Boarmia dianaria, Hilbn. Samml. Eur. Schmett., Geom. fig. 483. - ' ' 

/ Boarmia reciprocaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 366. 

Boarmia imparata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 372 ; C. fy S. no. 3344. 
Boarmia promptaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 379 ; C. 8f S. no. 3333. 
, Optlialmodes cretacea, Butl. A. M. N. H (5) iv, p. 373. 

Ground-colour whitish, grey or pale fuscous, irrorated with 
dark brown ; abdomen with paired dark dorsal specks. Fore wing 
with indistinct curved and slightly waved medial line, becoming 
straight and antemedial on hind wing ; both wings with grey- 
centred lunule at end of cell ; a prominent crenulate postmedial 
line ; traces of a sinuous submarginal pale line ; a marginal series 
of dark specks. Underside pale, with large black cell-spots ; fore 
wing with a diffused subapical black patch. 

Hob. Europe ; Amur ; Japan ; China ; N.W. Himalayas ; 
JSTepal; Khasis; Congo; S. Africa. Exp., 6 45-50, $ 45-56 
millim. 

Sect. IV. Antennae of male bipectinated to three-fourths length. 

A. (Alcis). Hind tibice dilated iviih a fold containing 
a ridge of hair. 

%. Male iviili no fold containing fringes of long hair on inner 
margin of hind wing. 

3404. Boarmia acaciaria, Boisd. Faun. Ent. Madag., LSp. 116.pl. 16, 
fig. 4. 

Boarmia cornaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 254 ; C. fy S. no. 3318. 

Boarmia alienaria, Wlk, Cat. xxi, p. 370 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, / 

pi. 191, figs. 1, 1 a, b (larva) ; C. $ S. no. 3349. 
Boarmia processaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 372 ; C. fy S. no. 3332. 
Boarmia repulsaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 374. 
Boarmia invectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 375 ; C. fy S. no. 3326. 
Boarmia procursaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 375 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 191, fig. 3 ; C.SfS. no. 3347. 
Boarmia properata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 376 ; C. 8p S. no. 3334. 
Boarmia injectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 376 ; C. $■ S. no. 3351. 
Boarmia concursaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 377 ; C. fy S. no. 3315. 
Boarmia determinata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 384. 
Boarmia suhJectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1535. 



BOAKMIA. 265 

Boarmia contectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1537 : C. fy S. no. 3316. 

Boarmia gelidaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1537.-=^ 

Boarmia illustraria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1539. 

Boarmia immemorata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1540. 

Chogada fraterna, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 245 ; C. 8f 8. no. 3350. 

Differs from selenaria in the white forms having a rufous band 
on second abdominal segment ; the centre of cell-spots pure white ; 
a rufous band inside the antemedial line of fore wing, and rufous 
suffusion beyond the postmedial line, especially on apical area. 

Cornaria is a fuscous form with the underside also fuscous, 
usually with some white marginal patches beyond the submarginal 
band ; procursaria is a variety of this form, with the postmedial 
line of fore wing more oblique and slightly sinuous, not waved 
from vein 6 to inner margin. 

Acaciaria is a form with the ground-colour whitish on upper 
and under sides, the submarginal band on the latter slightly deve- 
loped ; illustraria, from Australia, has the black on outer area of 
underside more extensive, whilst in determinata, from Borneo, it 
covers nearly half the wing ; in processaria, from Moulmein, there 
is a promineut medial line to both wings excurved round the cell- 
spot on fore wing, and sending a dark streak along vein 4 to outer 




Fig. 137. — Boarmia acaciaria, $ . \. 

margin ; immemorata, from New Caledonia, is similar, but browner, 
and with the streak on vein 4 developed on hind wing also ; a 
specimen from Sikhim has the ground-colour yellowish. 

Larva green, with a pair of bifid dorsal processes on 5th somite, 
and a pair of dorsal white spots on 11th somite ; thoracic and anal 
somites with black lateral specks ; head and legs reddish. Food- 
plant Cinnamomea. 

Hah. "W.andS. Africa; Madagascar; China; Formosa; through- 
out India, Ceylon, and Burma; Java; Borneo; Australia; New 
Caledonia. Exp. 36-50 millim. 

3405. Boarmia propulsaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 385. 

Boarmia contignata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 631 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3317. Zy 

J . Differs from acaciaria in being pale with browner markings ; 
the obliquely waved antemedial line of fore wing and postmedial 
line of both wings double ; fore wing with a dentate medial line. 



266 GEOMETRID^. 

Underside whitish, with the cell-spots large ; the marginal area 
black, with whitish patches on the margin. 

A specimen from Tenasserim has the ground-colour yellow- 
brown, the markings slate-colour. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas ; Tenasserim ; Sumatra ; Borneo. 
Exp. 42 millim. 

3406. Boarmia variegata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 240 ; V. fy S. no. 3291. 

^~i Cleora nebulosa, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 488. 

S . Differs from acaciaria in the fovea being very large and 
further from the base, so that the median nervure is bent upwards ; 
hind wing with the costa, costal and subcostal nervures much 
arched. Eed-brown ; abdomen with a dark band on 1st segment. 
Eore wing with the lines indistinct, the stigma at end of cell 
without white centre ; the postmedial line reduced to a series of 
specks, and not angled beyond cell. Hind wing with a dark speck 
replacing the white-centred stigma; the postmedial and submar- 
ginal lines indistinct. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

3407. Boarmia melanosticta, n. sp. 

S . Pale red-brown ; head blackish; abdomen with black dorsal 
bands and a large patch towards extremity. Fore wing with black 
basal, medial, and submarginal patches on costa and a large patch 
at outer angle ; traces of waved antemedial, medial, and submar- 
ginal lines and a postmedial series of black specks. Hind wing 
with the outer margin highly crenulate ; a broad medial black 
band, somewhat broken at costa; a postmedial black band inter- 
rupted at middle ; an apical black patch ; both wings with some 
black specks on margin. Underside with black medial band and 
postmedial series of spots to both wings. 

Hab. Sikhim, 12,000 feet (Knyvett). Exp. 42 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3408. Boarmia nigralbata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 421. 

Veins 7, 8, 9, 10 of fore wing stalked. 

g . White, thickly irrorated with smoky black ; head, thorax, 
and abdomen suffused with black. Eore wing with the subbasal 
and outer areas suffused with black ; a black speck at end of cell ; 
a crenulate white submarginal line. Hind wing with the irrora- 
tion thickest on area from lower angle of cell to anal angle ; a 
black speck at end of cell and crenulate white submarginal Hue. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

3409. Boarmia semialha, Moore, Lep. Atk, p. 241 ; C. $ S. no. 3290. 

Vinous brown, irrorated w 7 ith fuscous. Tore wing with some 
black at base ; an antemedial black line slightly angled below 
costa; a spot on discocellulars, and rufous suffusion on inner 



BOARMIA. 267 

medial area ; a postmedial indistinct line bent outwards at veins 
6 and 2 ; a subniarginal waved grey line with black inside it and 
rufous patch beyond it at middle ; a marginal series of specks. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, with traces of speck at end of cell 
and postmedial series ; some fuscous striation on inner area and a 
marginal striated band. Underside white, with cell-spots, post- 
medial series of specks, and fuscous marginal band. 

Hob. N.W.Himalayas; Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3410. Boarmia imbecilis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 241 ; C. $ S. no. 3289. 

Differs from semialba in the fore wing having a black-edged 
white patch at base on the fovea ; the antemedial line obsolete ; 
the postmedial line reduced to an almost straight series of specks, 
with some whitish inside them, and a purplish band between them 
and the waved submarginal line. Hind wing with no marginal 
band, but some dark marks on inner margin, and traces of a sub- 
marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

3411. Boarmia nigridorsaria, Guen. Thai. \, p. 232. 

Cleora vemistularia, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1579 ; C. fy S. no. 3304. / 
Cleora decussata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 628, pi. 33, fig. 4; 
C. $ S. no. 3294. 

Antennae of male with the branches rather short, stiff, and far 
apart. 

Head whitish ; thorax black ; abdomen whitish, with white band 
on 1st segment, and dorsal black bands. Pore wing white, irro- 
rated with black ; a white spot on diffused black basal patch ; 
slight traces of antemedial and medial lines arising from black 
patches on costa ; an indistinct postmedial line angled at vein 5, 
with grey and black suffusion between it and the submarginal 
waved white line, which has rufous and blackish patches beyond it 
at middle. Hind wing white, with speck at end of cell and traces 
of postmedial and submarginal lines. Underside with cell-spots ; 
fore wing with incomplete submarginal band. 

Some specimens have the fore wing much more evenly suffused 
with fuscous and rufous, whilst decussata has two prominent 
medial white bands conjoined at middle. 

Hab. JN\W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 30-34 millim. 

£J 3412. Boarmia semiclarata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1029; C. $ S. 

no. 3303. If 
Scotosia quadrifera, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1687. 
Cleora rufomarginata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 628 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3302. 

Eufous, irrorated with black ; abdomen with white band on 1st 
segment, and more or less black on dorsum. Pore wing with some 
black at base ; a curved antemedial line with diffused black inside 
it ; a black spot at end of cell ; a postmedial line angled at vein 6 , 



268 GEOMETEID^I. 

and with diffused black beyond it ; a submarginal pale waved line, 
with black patch beyond it below apex and ochreous patch at 
middle. Hind wing pale ochreous, with some fuscous striae ; a 
speck at end of cell, and two indistinct fuscous lines. Underside 
ochreous, irrorated with fuscous ; black cell-spots and postmedial 
line with black streaks on the veins. 

Semiclarata has the hind wing striated on inner area only ; quadri- 
fera is striated throughout. 

Bab. N.W. Himalayas; Sikhim; Khasis. Exp., S 34, $ 40 
milhm. 

3413. Boarmia atrostipata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1354; C. & S. 

no. 3276. 

Eed-brown, irrorated and striated with black ; abdomen with a 
white and black band on the 1st segment. Fore wing with ante- 
and postmedial pale yellow black-edged bands, which vary in width, 
the former slightly outwardly oblique, the latter inwardly oblique ; 
a black speck at end of cell, with an indistinct crenulate line be- 
yond it ; an irregularly dentate submarginal pale line bent out to 
outer angle, and with black spots in its angles. Hind wing paler ; 
a cell-spot and more or less prominent postmedial line with a pale 
band on its outer edge. 

Bab. Simla ; Sikhim. Exp. 44-50 millim. 

3414. Boarmia vialis, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 238, pi. 8, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3275. 

<$ . Differs from atrostipata in the branches of the antennae 
being shorter. Fore wdng with no antemedial band ; the post- 
medial band much broader, straight, and oblique. Hind wing with 
the postmedial band very broad. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 



r 



3415. Boarmia glaucodisca, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 139. 

S . Eed-brown, irrorated with black. Fore wing with traces of 
a curved antemedial line arising from a black speck on costa ; a 
black spot at end of cell, with traces of a medial line curving 
round it ; the discal area greenish grey ; an oblique postmedial 
series of specks ; an irregularly dentate grey submarginal line ; a 
marginal series of black specks. Hind wing pale reddish, with a 
few black strigaa ; an indistinct cell-spot, and traces of a submar- 
ginal line ; a marginal series of black strigse. Underside yellowish 
white ; each wing with black cell-spot ; fore wing with broad 
marginal black band, with white patch on it at middle ; hind wing 
with apical black patch. 

2 with only traces of the grey discal patch on fore wing. 
Hind wing as dark as fore wing, with sinuous submarginal series 
of specks and white submarginal line. Underside whiter. 

Bab. Khasis ; E. Pegu. Exp. 40 millim. 



BOAKMIA. 269 

3416. Boarmia admissaria, Gum. Thai, i, p. 239; C. $ S. no. 3309. 
Boarmia pleniferata > Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1538 ; C. ty S. no. 3330. 
Boarmia perspicuata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 630; C. fy S. 

no. 3329. 
Boarmia trikotaria, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, fig. 10 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3338. 
Boarmia iterata, Butt. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 389 ; C. $ S. no. 3327. 
Alois vicina, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 243 ; C. $ S. no. 3343. 
Alois nudipennis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 320 ; C. $ S. no. 3340 a. 
Alois subnitida, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 421. 

Fuscous brown ; red-browu or grey -brown, irrorated with black ; 
abdomen with grey band on 1st segment. Fore wing with curved 
antemedial black line ; a medial oblique line usually dentate below 
the cell, with a black discocellular line on it ; a sinuous postmedial 
line, usually with some dark suffusion beyond it ; an indistinct 
pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing with antemedial line ; 
sometimes a line on discocellulars ; an obliquely curved postmedial 
line ; a pale waved submarginal line ; both wings with crenulate 
black marginal line. Underside pale ochreous ; fore wing with 
fuscous patch at apex, or complete submarginal or marginal band. 
Hind tibiae with the ridge of hair pale or black. 

The form jpleniferata, from Bhutan, is fuscous brown; fore wing 
with a dark spot beyond middle of postmedial line : trikotaria, from 
the N.W. Himalayas, is a reddish form, typically with the medial 
area of fore wing whitish : nudipennis, also from the JN\W. Hima- 
layas, is greyish, often with the medial line of fore wing straight 
and close to the antemedial line : typical admissaria is dark, with 
an olive tinge, more variegated with grey ; fore wing with a post- 
medial rufous shade ; the waved submarginal line grey : subnitida 
is much more uniform dark grey. 

Sab. N.W. Himalayas ; Bhutan ; Khasis. Exp. 42-50 millim. 

3417. Boarmia sikkima, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 242 ; C. fy S. no. 3341. 
Alcis subrufaria, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 422. 

<5 . Differs from admissaria form trikotaria in the medial line of 
fore wing being bent outwards round the black band on discocellulars; 
the medial area rufous ; both wings with a nearly regular postmedial 
series of specks instead of the sinuous line. Underside more 
ochreous, with more black irroration on basal and outer areas. 
Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 54-64 millim. 

3418. Boarmia reparata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 380 ; C. $ S. no. 3336. 

Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked, connected with 12, and 
10 connected with 8 and 9. 

d . Red-brown, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with irre- 
gularly waved indistinct antemedial line ; an indistinct waved line 
arising from a spot at middle of costa, and ending at lower angle 
of cell ; both wings with a dentate postmedial line, oblique from 
vein 5 to inner margin of fore wing ; a pale dentate submarginal 
line with fuscous marks in the sinuations ; a marginal series of 



270 geometeidjE. 

dark specks. Underside fuscous ; fore wing with the costa pale, 
with fuscous striae ; a pale patch at apex and dark spot on disco- 
cellular s. 

2 greyer, with the postmedial line more dentate and the sub- 
marginal more prominent; underside with the basal two-thirds 
paler, and a postmedial band. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp., 6 48, $ 50 millim. 

; 3419. Boarmia cineracea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 244 ; C. fy 8. 
no. 3355. 
Astacuda ampla, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 244 ; C. fy S. no. 3354. 

S • Antennae with the branches long. Pale grey, evenly and 
thickly irrorated with fuscous, and with slight brown suffusion. 
Fore wing with an antemedial line from costa to median nervure ; 
a medial spot on costa, with a spot below it on discocellulars ; an 
oblique dentate postmedial line terminating on middle of inner 
margin; a crenulate submarginal line, with some white on its 
outer edge. Hind wing with irregular antemedial series of black 
spots ; dentate postmedial and submarginal lines. Underside 
fuscous grey ; black cell-spots, postmedial line, and suffusion on 
outer area ; fore wing with the costa ochreous, with some black 
stri^ae on it ; the apex whitish. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 62 millim. 

3420. Boarmia sublavaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 256 j Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

m, pi. 190, figs. 2, 2 a ; C. $ S. no. 3348. Jtr /, 
Oatoria olivescens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 244 ; C. SfS. no. 3346. 

Tore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked in male, and sometimes 
connected with 12 ; female with 11 anastomosing or coincident 
with 12. 

Greyish white ; frons and palpi black ; wings irrorated with 
pale fuscous spots. Fore wing with antemedial, both wings with 
medial, postmedial, submarginal, and marginal series of specks ; 
traces of a ring-spot at end of cell. Underside fuscous, with very 
large black cell-spots and white marginal patches at apex and 
middle of each wing. 

The form olivescens is somewhat suffused with pale fuscous. 

Hah. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; Borneo. Exp. 
40-45 millim. 

3421. Boarmia trispinaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 378 ; C. fy S. no. 3339. 

Differs from sublavaria in the frons being grey ; the markings 
brownish ; a dark spot at end of cell of each w T ing with tridentate 
white mark on it. Underside white, with black patch at end of 
cell and broad band across apex of each wing. 

Hah. Kulu ; Sikhim ; Khasis; Upper Burma; Mergui. Exp. 
50 millim. 



BOAEMIA. 271 

b. (Serraca). Male ivith fold on inner margin of hind wing 
containing fringes of long hair. 

1 3422. Boarmia infixaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 379 ; C.$S. no. 3325. 

3 . Greyish red-brown. Wings with the antemedial line ex- 
curved below costa of fore wing ; a grey-centred dark spot at end 
of cell of fore wing, with striga from costa above it ; a slightly waved 
postmedial line excurved beyond cell, then on fore wing oblique to 
inner margin, near which it has a short line inside it ; traces of a 
dentate pale submarginal line ; a marginal series of specks. Under- 
side whitish, with large black cell-spots ; a postmedial more or less 
prominent narrow band excurved beyond cell ; a patch at apex of 
fore wing, or complete marginal band to both wings. 

2 greyer. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Bombay ; Burma. Exp. 36 millim. 

3423. Boarmia transcissa, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 380 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 
iii, p. 416/ pi. 190, figs. 3, 3 a : C. § S. no. 3353. / 

Boarmia lineataria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1585. 
Chogada latipennis, Butl. III. Set. vii, p. 103, pi. 136, fig. 2. 
Boarmia ratotaria, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 216, pi. ii, 
fig. 18. -/. 

Differs from infixaria in the antemedial line of fore wing being 
less regular ; the cell-spots smaller ; the medial line waved ; the 
postmedial line of both wings more oblique ; the submarginal line 
much more prominent. Underside pale fuscous, with small cell- 
spots, obsolescent postmedial line, and diffused marginal band. 

Ratotaria is a rather dark form from Bhutan and the Khasis. 

Hab. Dharrusala ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Assam ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; 
Burma ; Java. Exp. 38-44 millim. 

B. (Boarmia). Hind tibioe of male not dilated, 
a. Fore iving of male of normal breadth. 

3424. Boarmia impletaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1536 ; C. $ S. no. 3324. 

Differs from typical acaciaria (p. 264) in the underside being 
pale fuscous, with dark cell-spots and slight suffusion at apex of 
each wing. 

The Canarese specimen has fuscous suffusion inside the ante- 
medial and beyond the postmedial line of fore wing, and beyond 
the ante- and postmedial lines of hind wing. 

Hab. G-anjam ; Canara ; Nilgiris. Exp. 46 millim. 

^3425. Boarmia albifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 241 ; C. $ S. no. 3288. 

c? . Rufous, striated and suffused with black ; antennae with the 
shaft black and white. Pore wing with a broad white band from 
costa beyond middle to outer margin below the middle, and 
sending a fork to above outer angle ; traces of antemedial, post- 
medial, and submarginal waved lines; the postmedial excurved 



272 GEOMETEID^I. 

beyond cell, then incurved below the cell. Hind wing fuscous grey, 
with pale striae. 

2 with a portion of the band of fore wing near the outer 
margin ochreous. 

Bab. Sikhhn. Exp. 38 millim. 

3426. Boarmia fiavimedia, n. sp. 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen olive-yellow. Fore wing olive- 
yellow, with fuscous striae ; the basal half to near end of cell 
suffused with fuscous, leaving specks of the ground-colour ; a large 
black cell-spot ; the outer area suffused with fuscous, except a 
marginal patch of yellow below apex and another at middle joining 
the medial yellow area, a waved submarginal line forming pale-edged 
lunules above middle. Hind wing olive-yellow, with fuscous 
striae ; the outer area almost entirely fuscous. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. Type in B. M. 

3427. Boarmia megaspilaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 629 ; C. # 8. 

no. 3300. 

<$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous ; a white dorsal spot on 
1st segment of abdomen. Fore wing fuscous brown, the inner 
area reddish ; the outer area darkest, with a fulvous patch at 
middle ; a black spot at end of cell ; the antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial lines represented by obscure spots on the costa and 
inner margin. Hind wing reddish fulvous, irrorated with fuscous ; 
the basal and inner areas suffused with fuscous ; an indistinct 
speck at end of cell and oblique postmedial and submarginal lines. 

2 with the markings of the fore wing more prominent. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

3428. Boarmia tenera, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 422. 
Alcis dasimaria,, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 223. 

$ . Veins 10 and 11 of fore wing sometimes stalked; pale, 
irrorated with black ; head and thorax reddish ; abdomen with a 
pale band on 1st segment. Pore wing reddish ; a sinuous ante- 
medial black line ; a speck at end of cell ; a sinuous postmedial 
line excurved at vein 6 and obsolescent towards inner margin ; a 
waved submarginal pale line. Hind wing with speck at end of 
cell and traces of postmedial and submarginal lines ; both wings 
with series of marginal black specks. Underside pale, with speck 
at end of cell and postmedial line. 

2 whiter, with prominent dark irroration and hardly any 
rufous suffusion. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. 

3429. Boarmia fuliginea, Bmpsn. III. Bet. viii, p. 120, pi. 152, fig. 4. 
Psilalcis atrifasciata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 431. 

Veins 10 and 11 of fore wing stalked; (hind legs wanting). 
Pale rufous, suffused with darker rufous and slightly irrorated with 
silvery and fuscous scales. Pore wing with waved ante- and post- 



34^ 






BOARMIA. 273 

medial lines, the latter angled beyond the cell, and the area be- 
tween the two suffused with black ; an indistinct pale waved sub- 
marginal line with a blackish patch beyond it above middle. Hind 
wing with indistinct dark medial and pale dentate submarginal 
lines. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Nilgiris. Exp., <$ 30, $ 38 millim. 

3430. Boarmia adamata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, figs. 5, 5 a ; C. # S. 

no. 3305. 
Menophra imbecilis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 410, pi. 187, fig. 7 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3272. 
Narapa indistincta, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 411, pi. 187, fig. 5 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 3306. 
Narapa similaris, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 411, pi. 187, fig. 9 

C.$S. no. 3307. 
Narapa umbrata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 411, pi. 187, fig. 10 

C. <§■ 8. no. 3308. 

cJ . Yeins 10 and 11 of fore wing stalked, and 11 anastomosing 
with 12. Bed-brown, irrorated and suffused with fuscous. Fore 
wing with two antemedial curved lines approaching each other 
towards inner margin ; a speck at end of cell, with strigse from 
costa above it ; a postmedial line angled at vein 5, then obliquely 
sinuous to inner margin, sometimes with black spot beyond it at 
middle. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line, speck at end 
of cell ; postmedial line excurved round cell ; both wings with 
dentate grey-edged submarginal line and crenulate black marginal 
line. Underside orange-fulvous, with spots at end of cell, and 
irregular postmedial line ; the outer area of fore wing black, 
with pale patches at apex and middle ; hind wing with black patch 
at middle of margin. 

2 with the ground-colour grey, suffused in parts with fulvous, 
and sometimes with dark suffusion beyond postmedial line of fore 
wing. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 35-44 millim. 

3431. Boarmia pallida, Hmpsn. III. Bet. viii, p. 106, pi. 150, fig. 9. 

Veins 10 and 11 of fore wing stalked, 11 becoming coincident 
with 12. Greyish white, irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing with 
three antemedial specks, the one on costa largest ; a speck at end 
of cell and spot on costa above it ; a maculate postmedial line ex- 
curved from vein 6 to 2 ; a submarginal crenulate line ; a marginal 
series of specks. Hind wing with antemedial specks : a speck at 
end of cell ; a postmedial crenulate line excurved beyond cell ; sub- 
marginal and marginal crenulate lines. Underside pale, with broad 
marginal fuscous band with white patches at apex and middle ; 
hind wing w T ith submarginal fuscous shade. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 30 millim. 

3432. Boarmia retrahens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 236 ; C $ S. no. 3285. 

cJ. Olive-brown, irrorated with dark brown and leaden grey. 
Fore wing with a fulvous patch on inner margin near base ; an 

YOL. III. T 



£ 



274 GEOMETRIC. 

indistinct antemedial line ; a black spot on discocellulars ; an in- 
distinct medial line excurved round the end of cell and bent 
inwards below the angle ; an obliquely crenuiate postmedial line 
nearly joining the medial line at inner margin ; an oblique sub- 
marginal line with traces of a lunulate line beyond it, a fulvous 
spot on it below apex, and larger spots on its inner edge at veins 5 
and 1 . Hind wing with oblique antemedial line ; a crenuiate post- 
medial line ; an indistinct sinuous submarginal line, with traces of 
a lunulate line beyond it, and some fulvous inside it at vein 6 and 
towards inner margin. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 65 millim. 

3433. Boarniia nilgirica, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 107, pi. 150, 
tie 1 12 

S • Grey, evenly irrorated with fuscous and slightly suffused with 
rufous. Pore wing with tw T o antemedial lines excurved below 
costa and oblique towards inner margin ; a dark spot at end of 
cell ; an indistinct waved medial line and crenuiate grey-edged 
postmedial and submarginal lines. Hind wing with indistinct 
antemedial line ; a spot at end of cell ; crenuiate grey-edged 
postmedial and submarginal lines, the former excurved beyond 
cell; both wings with crenuiate dark marginal line. Underside 
pale with cell-spots ; waved irregular postmedial line ; the outer 
area of fore wing fuscous, with pale patches at apex and middle. 

Hob. Nilgiri plateau ; Travancore. Exp. 46 millim. 

^7/3434. Boarmia granitaria, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 246 ; C. fy 8. no. 3408. 
Alcis sublimis, Butl. III. Set. vii, p. 103, pi. 135, fig. 19. 

S . Grey and pale fulvous, irrorated. and suffused w T ith fuscous 
black. Fore wing with the basal area almost entirely suffused with 
fuscous ; traces of an antemedial line ; a lunule on discocellulars ; 
a short medial band from costa ; the medial area pale ; outer area 
mostly suffused with fuscous, a postmedial series of specks and 
submarginal waved grey line. Underside pale, with the marginal 
area fuscous, with pale patches at apex of fore wing and middle of 
margin of both wings. 

2 usually with the whole of both wings much more uniformly 
irrorated with fuscous. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp., 6 44, $ 44-50 
millim. 

b. Fore iving of male long and narrow. 

3435. Boarmia hybernaria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 862, pi. 56, 
fig. 4 ; C. | 8. no. 3749. 

J . Fuscous brown ; both wings with speck at end of cell ; 
traces of ante- and postmedial lines ; the outer area darker. 

Hab. Bombay ; Nilgiris. Exp. 34 millim. 



r 



3436. Boarmia nigrescens, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 420. 
Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked 



BOARMIA. 275 

3 . Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous and fuscous black. 
Fore wiug with a large dark-speckled rufous patch at base and 
conjoined patches on outer area, smallest towards costa, largest 
towards inner margin. Hind wing with a similar patch on inner 
half of outer area ; both wings with a dark speck at end of cell and 
the cilia intersected with rufous. Underside fuscous, with some 
rufous on costa of fore wing beyond middle. 

$ . The wings broader ; fore wing with no fulvous at base ; 
hind wing with an indistinct waved postmedial line. 
The rufous markings are often almost obsolete. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Margharita, Assam. Exp., $ 35-38, 
$ 50 millim. 

' 3437. Boarmia fimbriata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 628; C. $ S. 

no. 3297. 

c?. Differs from nigrescens in being chiefly rufous, the black 
suffusion being confined on the fore wing to the costal area from 
the base to the postmedial line, and on the hind wing to between 
the antemedial and medial lines. Fore wing with oblique ante- 
medial, crenulate oblique postmedial, and traces of submarginal 
lines ; a spot at end of cell, dark patch on margin below apex, and 
marginal series of black specks. Hind wing with speck at end of 
cell ; antemedial and crenulate medial lines, the latter with grey 
on its outer edge ; traces of submarginal line, with some grey 
marks on it below apex ; marginal series of specks. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Nagas. Exp. 40 millim. 

G-BOiJP II. Male with no fovea at base of fore wing. 
Sect. I. Hind wing with vein 5 absent. 

A. (Hemerophila). Male with the antenna? bipectinated, the branches 
decumbent ; hind tibiae usually dilated with a fold and tuft of hair. 

a. Male with no secondary sexual patch to hind winy. 

a'. Fore wing with vein 10 from the cell. 

3138. Boarmia suhplagiata, Wlh. Cat. xxi, p. 319 ; C. fy S. no. 3284. <T~ 
Hemerophila retractaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 627 ; C. 8f S. 

no. 3283. 
Hemerophila senilis, Butl. III. Het. ii, p. 48, pi. 35, fig. 12. 
Hemerophila jugorum, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, fig. 2; C. 8f S. 

no. 3280. 
Menophra torridaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 237, pi. 8, fig. 27; 

C. $ S. no. 3274. 
Hemerophila lignata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 680. 

Ochreous grey-brown, rufous, or fuscous brown, with dark 
irroration and striae; collar often fringed with black, and the 
thorax hoary. Fore wing with antemedial black line, angled on 
subcostal and median nervures, then oblique and slightly sinuous 
to inner margin; a speck beyond it at end of cell; a postmedial 

t2 



276 GEOMETRID^]. 

black line highly angled on vein 7, then oblique to inner margin, 
and with some dark suffusion beyond it, especially below apex. 
Hind w T ing with waved black line from near apex to inner margin 
before anal angle, some dark suffusion beyond it ; both wings with 
waved marginal black line. Underside whitish, with a more or less 
developed broad dark submarginal band. 

The base of the fore wing may be suffused with fuscous or grey 
and with grey beyond the postmedial line, and a large white patch 
on outer margin of hind wing near anal angle. 

Hab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

3439. Boarmia delineata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 387. 

Hemerophila canidorsata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1578 ; C. 8f S. 

no. 3269. 
Menophra nigrifasciata, Ilmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 105, pi. 150, 

fig.l. 
Hemerophila subpilosa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 434. 

Differs from subplagiata in being more stoutly built ; the fore 
wing less produced. Males with the underside of hind wing 
clothed with long rough hair and scales on the inner area, especially 
below the middle of cell. 

The range of variation is similar. In the form nigrifasciata 
from the Nilgiris the black Hues are stronger, and on the fore 
wing the ante- and postmedial lines approach each other at lower 
angle of cell ; underside without the dark band beyond the post- 
medial line. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 40 millim. 

3440. Boarmia perserrata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1353 ; C. $ S. no. 3824. 

cJ • Antennse bipectinated almost to apex, tibiae not dilated and 
without fold. Colour rufous, suffused with fuscous. Differs from 
subplagiata in the antemedial line of fore wing being less angled 
on subcostal and median nervures, then less oblique, the post- 
medial less angled at vein 7. Hind wing with the postmedial line 
excurved from costa to vein 4. Underside uniform in colour. 

5 yellower brown. 

Hab. Canara ; Nilgiris. Exp. 42 millim. 

3441. Boarmia humeraria, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 627; C. $ 8. 

no. 3279. ^ 

c? . Differs from subplagiata in being larger, paler, and redder. 
Pore wing with the antemedial line double, much more highly 
angled below costa and beyond lower angle of cell, then very 
oblique ; the postmedial line indistinct, with other indistinct waved 
lines beyond it. Hind wing with the oblique postmedial line and 
black line beyond it more distinct ; the latter with fine rufous lines 
beyond it ; the margin produced to points at veins 4 and 7. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 



BOARMIA. 277 

3442. Boarmia cuprearia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 626 ; C. & S. 

no. 3278. 

c?. Dark purple-grey, irrorated and suffused with fuscous. 
Fore wing with the veins rufous ; indistinct waved subbasal and 
antemedial lines ; a spot at end of cell ; a double waved post- 
medial line ; a subrnarginal series of indistinct patches traversed 
by a rufous line from vein 4 to inner margin. Hind wing with a 
speck at end of cell ; two crenulate postmedial lines ; a diffused 
maculate subrnarginal band traversed by a rufous line from vein 4 
to anal angle ; both wings with crenulate marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Earp. 46 inillim. 



b\ Fore wing ivith veins 10 and 11 stalked. 

3443. Boarmia contubernalis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 238; C, $ S. 

no. 3360. o 

c? . Differs from perserrata in being grey-brown. Fore wing 
with the antemedial line curved and not angled on median nervure ; 
the postmedial line curved beyond the cell and less oblique. Hind 
wing with the postmedial line almost straight and not so oblique. 

Bab. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3444. Boarmia separata, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 381 ; [Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 202, tig. 8 ; C. 8f S. n. 3345. 
Boarmia retractaria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 386. 
Boarmia intectaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1535. 

c? . Rufous, suffused and striated in parts with black. Fore 
wing of male with a slight ridge representing the fovea ; a broad, ill- 
defined, pale fascia from base to outer margin below apex ; the 
costal, inner, and outer areas striated and suffused with black; an 
indistinct annulus at end of cell, and traces of a waved postmedial 
line. Hind wing striated with black ; the basal area suffused with 
fuscous ; a crenulate postmedial line ; an incomplete subrnarginal 
black band. Underside fuscous, with the cell-spots prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Ceylon ; Java ; Borneo. Exp. 48 
millim. 



c. Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 7, 8, 9. 
3445. Boarmia dentilinea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 431. 

3 . White, suffused and irrorated with black. Fore wing with a 
waved antemedial line ; a crenulate postmedial line approaching 
the medial line below vein 2, the area between the two suffused 
with black, and with a black spot at end of cell ; outer area suffused 
with black, and with an ill-defined waved subrnarginal white line. 
Hind wing with slight black irroration ; a spot at end of cell, and 
postmedial line excurved and crenulate below vein 4. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Eangoon. Exp. 26 millim. 



278 GEOMETKID^E. 

3446. Boarmia albibasis, n. sp. 

5 . Fore wing with vein 11 absent. Head rufous and fuscous ; 
thorax and abdomen white. Wings with the basal half white, 
slightly striated with fuscous, this area being bounded by a slight 
dark line angled at vein 3 of fore wing ; the outer half rufous, 
irr orated with fuscous ; fore wing with postmedial series of black 
specks, and a maculate indistinct submarginal line. 

Hah. iSikhim (Knyvett). Exp. 28 millim. Type in coll. El wes. 

3447. Boarmia semicirculata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 654 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3779. 
Anagoge concinna, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 411. 

Fore wing with vein 11 absent. Head, thorax, and abdomen 
grey and brown ; an orange ring at base of collar, and white 
band at base of abdomen; wings pale fuscous, much irrorated 
with black. Tore wing with traces of a waved antemedial 
line ; a black cell-speck ; a broad ill-defined yellowish-white 
postmedial band, forking towards costa and not reaching inner 
margin ; blue-grey and orange marginal lines, the latter with a 
series of black specks on it ; cilia fuscous. Hind wing with 
traces of cell-speck, ante- and postmedial lines ; the margin as on 
fore wing. 

One female has an antemedial white band to fore wing, the 
postmedial band reaching inner margin, running out nearly to 
outer margin at middle, and not forked towards costa ; hind wing 
with a diffused white band on postmedial area. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Nagas. Exp., <S 22, $ 26-30 millim. 

3448. Boarmia albipicta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 410. 

$ . Differs from semicirculata, of which it is possibly an extreme 
form, in being much darker ; no orange collar or white abdominal 
band. Fore wing with the postmedial band reduced to narrow 
bands from costa to vein 5, and vein 2 to inner margin ; a sub- 
marginal white spot below vein 4; a series of marginal orange 
specks to both wings. Hind wing with indistinct dark postmedial 
line bent outwards between veins 2 and 4. 
Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. 

b. Male with a patch of silvery differentiated scales below end of cell 
of hind wing ; abdomen hairy beloiv ; hind legs with long curved 
hair from end of tibia. 

3449. Boarmia combustaria, wik. Cat. xxxv, p. 1597; C. $ S. 

no. 3314. 
Cleora albidentata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 629; C.8f S. no. 3292. 

Red-brown; thorax and abdomen barred with black. Fore 
wing striated and suffused with fuscous ; obliquely sinuous ante- 
and postmedial lines, the latter crenulate ; a black spot at end of 



BOAB.MIA. 



279 



cell; an indistinct waved pale submarginal line with a whitish 
spot at middle. Hind wing whitish, irrorated with fuscous ; the 
inner and outer areas tinged with fulvous ; a spot at end of cell ; 
an oblique postmedial line from vein 6 to inner margin ; traces of 
a submarginal line ; a black marginal line. 

In the variety of the female dlbidentata the white spots and 
dentate marks on the submarginal line of fore wing are prominent. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

B. (Apophyga). Antenna? of male with the branches stiff and 
horizontal ; fore wing with vein 10 from cell. 

c 3450. Boarmia sericea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 418. 

c? • Head and collar black-brown ; thorax yellowish white ; 
abdomen rufous, with a black line on basal segment. Fore wing 
dark red-brown, with a few r dark strise ; a broad yellowish-white 
fascia occupying the costal one third of wing, the base of costa 
dark brown ; traces of medial and submarginal pale waved lines 
on the brown area, the latter with two prominent white spots on 
it at middle. Hind wing whitish, the basal two-thirds slightly 
irrorated with brown, the outer third thickly irrorated and 
suffused ; prominent slightly sinuous black antemedial and medial 
bands from below vein 6 to inner margin, and traces of a sub- 
marginal pale line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Esep. 42 miilim. 

C. Antennai bipectinated in both sexes ; fore wing with 
veins 10 and 11 stalked,. 



3451. Boarmia atrilineata, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 405. 

.Reddish grey, suffused and irrorated with fuscous ; palpi and 
frons black ; abdomen blackish at base. Fore wing suffused with 
fuscous, the costal area greyish and widest at base ; a medial 
black line dentate from costa to lower angle of cell, then oblique 
and slightly sinuous to inner margin ; a similar postmedial line 
angled outwards to near margin below the costa. Hind wing 
reddish grey with fuscous striation ; a slightly sinuous oblique 
black line from near apex to inner margin beyond middle ; the 
marginal area darker, with traces of a pale sinuous submarginal 
line. Underside paler, with cell-spot and indistinct crenulate 
postmedial line. 

Hob. Japan ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp., tf 58, £ 58-70 
millhn. 

D. Antennce of male serrate and fasciculated ; fore wing 
with veins 10 and 11 free. 

3452. Boarmia virescens, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 126; id. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 116, fig. 1 j C.SfS. no. 3268. 

Eed-brown, irrorated and striated with brown and black ; collar 



280 geometeid^e. 

fringed with black. "Wings with an olive-green tinge. Fore wing 
with black lunule at end of cell and indistinct crenulate postmedial 
and submarginal lines. Hind wing with spot at end of cell and 
traces of medial and submarginal lines ; a series of black striae on 
margin. Underside of fore wing with a postmedial band of 
whitish striae, and the apex whitish. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp., <$ 84, $ 110 millim. 

E. Antennoz of male ciliated. 
a. (Abaciscus). Abdomen of male not hairy below. 

3453. Boarmia tristis, Butt. III. Bet. vii, p. 102, pi. 135, fig. 18. 

<5 . Black ; abdomen irrorated with white. Eore wing with 
w T aved black antemedial, medial, and crenulate postmedial lines; 
traces of a submarginal lunulate line ; some white irroration on 
inner margin at the ante- and postmedial lines, and a large patch 
at middle of outer margin. Hind wing irrorated with white ; a 
medial indistinct line ; a crenulate postmedial line, with black- 
speckled white band beyond it extending to the margin at middle. 
Underside fuscous and white. 

Bab. Dharmsala ; Simla. Exp. 40 millim. 

3454. Boarmia figlina, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 205, pi. 7, 

fig. 5. 

$ . Fuscous, irrorated with grey ; the vertex of head white ; 
the anal tuft ochreous. Eore wing with some pale striae on the 
costa and specks on the veins ; very indistinct antemedial and 
medial dark lines, and better defined postmedial crenulate lines ; 
some submarginal white specks. Hind wing with medial dark 
line and crenulate postmedial line edged with white ; some sub- 
marginal white specks. 

Bab, Khasis ; Karen Hills. Exp. 34 millim. 

3455. Boarmia lamprosticta, n. sp. 

S . Head and thorax black-brown, irrorated with silvery scales ; 
abdomen brownish white. Eore wing whitish, irrorated with 
silvery scales ; the basal area black-brown, with prominent silver 
irroration ; a large olive-green spot in end of cell ; a triangular 
postmedial silver-irrorated black-brown costal patch ; outer area 
suffused with pale rufous and striated with brown ; a dark sub- 
marginal spot at middle, and traces of a pale submarginal line. 
Hind wing whitish, with brown striae ; a small black basal patch, 
the outer area suffused with rufous, and with waved pale submar- 
ginal line ; some chestnut patches towards apex. Underside 
fulvous yellow, with sinuous black submarginal line expanding into 
patches towards inner margin of fore wing and costa of hind 
wing. 

Bab. Nagas; Tenasserim. Exp. 40 millim. Type in coll. 
Elwes. 



3 



BOARMIA. 281 

b. (Gasterocoina). Abdomen of male clothed with long hair belovj. 
a'. Abdomen with no tuft below. 



: 



3456. Boarmia pannosaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 629 > C. $ S. 

no. 3301. 

d . Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish ; pale spots on vertex 
of head and metathorax, and paired black specks on abdomen. 
Tore wing greenish, with the outer area purplish ; a double waved 
antemedial line ; a medial line from cell to inner margin ; a black 
patch with pale line on it at end of cell running outwards as a 
streak above vein 4 ; traces of two postmedial lines and a lunulate 
submarginal line. Hind wing ochreous white, with the outer area 
purplish ; a spot at end of cell and brownish streaks above anal 
angle and on the margin ; both wings with a marginal series of 
black lunules. Underside ochreous, with the marginal area of 
both wings and patch on fore wing purplish. 

Hob. Dalhousie ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

b'. Abdomen with a large tuft of black-tipped hair below 
on middle segments. 

3457. Boarmia euryzona. 

^-Pcecilalcis latifasciata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 427 (prseocc). 

c? Yellow and fuscous ; abdomen with the anal tuft orange. 
Eore wing with the base yellow and fuscous ; antemedial and post- 
medial oblique ochreous bands ; the medial area fuscous ; the outer 
area fuscous, becoming yellow with fuscous spots towards the 
postmedial line ; an indistinct lunulate submarginal line. Hind 
wing with the basal half pale, spotted with fuscous ; a spot at end 
of cell ; a medial ochreous band ; the outer area fuscous, with some 
yellow near the medial band and an indistinct lunulate submarginal 
line. 

5 with the fuscous on medial area of fore wing and outer 
area of both wings reduced and variegated with yellow. 
Bab. Sikhim-; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

F. Antennae of male thickened and flattened. 

a. (Micrabraxas). Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 7, 8, 9, 
and anastomosing with 11. 

3458. Boarmia punctigera, Butl. Ill Het. vii, p. 113, pi. 137, fig. 7. 

<S . Head, thorax, and fore wing olive-green, irrorated with 
black; abdomen and hind wing grey, irrorated with fuscous. 
Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial series of black 
specks, and a speck at end of cell ; two prominent dentate sub- 
marginal marks between veins 4 and 6, and others less prominent 
towards costa and inner margin ; a marginal series of black spots. 
Hind wing with marginal black specks ; the cilia ochreous. 

Bab. Dharmsala. Exp. 40 millim. 



282 GEOMETEID^. 

3459. Boarmia incolorata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 427. 

5 . Differs from punctigera in the head, thorax, and fore wing 
being grey, very thickly irrorated with black. Fore wing w T ith the 
series of specks and the submarginal dentate marks less prominent. 
Hind wing more thickly irrorated with fuscous and with an indis- 
tinct cell-spot ; the cilia grizzled. 

Hob. Sikhirn, 12,000 feet. Exp. 42 millim. 

b. (Hirasa). Fore wing with vein 10 from cell and 
anastomosing with 11. 

3460. Boarmia scripturaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv ; p. 1590; C. % S. 

no. 3361. 
Scotopteryx permuscosa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 432. 

Pale brown, with slight darker irroration and a purplish bloom ; 
a slight white tuft on metathorax. Fore wing with a sinuous 
antemedial line slightly angled below the costa ; a speck at end of 
cell, a postmedial black line produced to a point on vein 6, then 
incurved to below end of cell ; traces of: a pale dentate submarginal 
line. Hind wing with a speck at end of cell ; an oblique black 
slightly sinuous postmedial line, produced to a slight point at 
vein 6 ; traces of a dentate submarginal line ; both wings with 
crenulate marginal line. Underside almost uniformly pale. 

The variety permuscosa has the antemedial line of fore wing 
more erect and excurved below median nervure ; the postmedial 
line excurved beyond cell and less oblique ; greyish fuscous patches 
on the dentate submarginal line below apex and above inner 
margin. Hind wing with the postmedial line slightly sinuous 
beyond cell ; large greyish-fuscous spots on the submarginal line 
below vein 6 and above inner margin. Underside with a broad 
diffused fuscous submarginal band. 

Hab. Kulu ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Nagas ; E. Pegu ; 
Mergui. Exp. 40-42 millim. 

c. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 stalked. 
a'. Fore wing with vein 7 present. 

3461. Boarmia tephrosaria, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 247 ; C. ty S, 

no. 3417. 

r? . Pale drab, irrorated with brown. Fore wing with faint 
traces of antemedial and medial lines arising from black spots on 
costa ; the medial line with a dark spot on it at end of cell ; a 
curved dentate postmedial line arising from a black spot on costa ; 
traces of a sinuous submarginal line ; a marginal series of black 
specks. Hind wing with traces of an antemedial line ; a speck 
at end of cell; a dentate postmedial line with ill-defined dark 
spots beyond it ; a sinuous submarginal line and a marginal series 
of specks. Underside white, with cell-spots and indistinct medial 



BOARMIA. — MEDASINA. 283 

]ine ; a crenulate postmedial line, the area beyond it entirely 
suffused with black on fore wing except a white patch at middle, 
on hind wing with some dark blotches. 
Hab. Sikhim. Esep. 40 millim. 

b'. Fore wing with vein 7 absent ; 10, 11 stalked, 11 anastomosing 
ivith 12 ; outer margin of each wing slightly excised towards 
outer angle. 



C- 3462. Boarmia lignicolor, Warr. P. Z S. 1893. p. 
Anagoge rufa, Warr. P. Z. S. ] 893, p. 412. ' 



411. 



Pale rufous, striated and suffused with fuscous. Fore wing with 
traces of waved antemedial line ; a speck at end of cell; an indis- 
tinct waved postmedial line slightly defined with white towards 
costa ; the marginal area irregularly grey, striated with rufous and 
brown, and widest at middle and above outer angle. Hind wing 
with indistinct cell-spot and waved postmedial line ; both wings 
with fulvous marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with vein 5 present and from above middle 
of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; antennae of male bipectinated, 
with long branches ; hind tibiae not dilated. 

r 3463. Boarmia isometra, Warr. P. Z. S. 1838, p. 321 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3408 a. 

Grey-brown, irrorated with fuscous ; each wing w T ith small 
black ring-spot at end of cell ; traces of a waved postmedial line 
and marginal indistinct line. Underside uniform whitish. 

Bab. Campbellpur. Exp. 26 millim. 

Genus MEDASINA. 

6 Medasina, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 408 (1886). 

Lassaba, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 246 (1887). 

Darisa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 243. 
I Deinotrichia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 419. 
f J Sinameda, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 432 (1894). 

Callocasta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 218. 

Type, M. strixaria, Guen. 

Range. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. 

Palpi upturned and fringed with hair ; antennae of male bipec- 
tinated to three-fourths length ; abdomen of male clothed with long 
hair below. "Wings with the margins crenulated. Pore wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper 
angle; 10 from cell, sometimes connected with 8 and 9 ; 11 given 
off from 12, rarely anastomosing with 10. Hind wing with vein 3 
from near angle of cell. 



284 GEOMETEID^. 

Sect. I. Hind tibise not dilated ; antennae of male with 
the branches long. 

3464. Medasina pulverulenta, n. sp. 

Pale fuscous brown, evenly irrorated with dark brown and 
fuscous. Pore wing with somewhat ill-defined and slightly sinuous 
oblique dark antemedial and medial lines ; a more distinct post- 
medial line approaching the medial line below the cell, and with 
slight streaks from it along the veins. Hind wing with indistinct 
antemedial line and postmedial line excurved beyond cell ; both 
wings with waved submarginal line and marginal series of specks. 
Underside pale fuscous, with small spot at end of cell of each 
wing. 

Hab. Hharmsala {Hocking). Exp. 46 millim. Type in B. M. 

8465. Medasina scotosiaria, Warr, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 420, pi. 30, fig. 9. 

Dark brown, irrorated, striated, and suffused with black. Pore 
wing with interrupted and very ill-defined black antemedial, 
medial, and postmedial bands, the last with short black streaks on 
the veins ; a crenulate whitish submarginal line, with a series of 
black spots in its sinuations. Hind wing paler, with speck at end 
of cell; a crenulate pale postmedial line defined inwardly by 
black ; traces of a pale waved submarginal line ; both wings with 
marginal series of black lunules. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp., S 54, $ 70 millim. 

3466. Medasina plumalis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 126 ; id. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 116, fig. 5 ; C.8fS. no. 3331. 

S . Pale reddish brown, thickly irrorated and slightly suffused 
with fuscous brown ; abdomen blackish, with ochreous anal tuft. 
Pore wing with oblique sinuous antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
lines ; a pale waved submarginal line, with some fuscous patches 
inside it. Hind wing with indistinct antemedial line ; speck at 
end of cell; crenulate postmedial line and pale waved submarginal 
line ; both wings with marginal series of small black lunules. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 70 millim. 

3467. Medasina objectaria, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1583 ; C. fy S. no 

328^ 
Boarnna gleba, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 853, pi. 56 ; fig. 3 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3323. 
cJ . Eufous brown, irrorated and striated with fuscous. Pore 
wing with indistinct antemedial waved line ; a speck at end of 
cell, with striga from costa above it ; a postmedial obliquely 
crenulate line, sometimes reduced to a series of specks; some 
indistinct submarginal dark and grey marks. Hind wing with 
diffused antemedial line ; curved crenulate postmedial line ; sub- 
marginal grey and dark marks. Underside pale fuscous, with 
cell-spots and indistinct postmedial line. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Poona. Exp. 50 millim. 



MEDASINA. 



285 



3468. Medasina nigrovittata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 626; C. $ S. 
no. 3281. 
Darisa fasciata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 433. 

c? . Ochreous brown, irrorated with brown and black ; collar 
and metathorax banded with black. Fore wing with a broad 
oblique black band from middle of median nervure to inner margin 
with a line inside it ; both wings with a broad diffused band from 
outer margin below apex to inner margin beyond middle, traversed 
by obscure waved postmedial and submarginal lines, the former 
excurved towards costa of each wing. Underside with spot at end 
of cell, the outer area black, with pale spot at apex and patch on 
inner part of outer margin of hind wing. 

Hab. Sikhiin ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 50 millim. 



3469. Medasina plumosa, Hmpsn. 
fiar. 18. 



III. Het. yiii, p. 105, pi. 150. 



S . Differs from parisnattei (p. 286) in the hind wing and medial 
area of fore wing being sometimes olive-brown ; fore wing with the 
antemedial line prominent ; no spot at end of cell ; the postmedial 
line prominent and incurved below vein 2. 

2 variegated with white, especially on medial area of fore wing. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 75 millim. 



Sect. II. Hind tibiae dilated with a fold containing a ridge of 
hair ; antennas of male with the branches of moderate length. 

V3470. Medasina mauraria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 218 ; Feld. Reis. Nov. 
pi. 126, figs. 18, 18 «, & 19, 19 a ; C. $ S. no. 3264 (part.). 




S . Differs from parisnattei in the medial line of fore wing being 
represented by a black spot on costa and the postmedial crenulate 
line being incurved from vein 6 to inner margin. 

Hab. ISikhim ; Sylhet ; Bernardmyo, Burma. Exp. 75 millim. 



286 GEOMETRID^I. 

3471. Medasina parisnattei, wik. Cat. xxvi, p. 1545; C. $ S. 

no. 3264 (part.). ^_ 

S • Dark red-brown, irrorated with black. Fore wing with 
antemedial spot on costa ; indistinct curved medial line with spot 
on it at end of cell ; an indistinct obliquely curved postmedial 
crenulate line excurved at vein 6 ; a pale spot at middle of outer 
margin. Hind wing with spot at end of cell ; crenulate post- 
medial line ; traces of a pale and dark submarginal line ; both 
wings with black striae on margin. Underside black, with white 
patches at apex of each wing and middle of outer margin of fore 
wing. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Sylhet ; Pareshnath. Exp, 44-100 millim. 

3472. Medasina creataria, Guen. Thai, \, p. 217 ; C. $ S. no. 3260. 

Reddish brown, evenly irrorated and striated with black ; both 
wings with traces of a curved crenulate postmedial line and pale 
submarginal line ; a marginal series of black stria?. Underside 
with broad fuscous band beyond the postmedial line ; white patches 
at apex of each wing and middle of outer margin of fore wing. 

Hah. Sikhim; Assam. Exp., $ 90, $ 105 millim. 

3473. Medasina strixaria, Guen. Thai, i, p. 217 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

m, pi. 190, figs. 1,1a; C. $ S. no. 3267. 

<5 . Brown, irrorated and striated with dark brown and black. 
Fore wing with a black spot at end of cell ; traces of an oblique 
irregularly sinuous line from costa beyond middle to middle of 
inner margin, where there is another short line inside it ; a 
prominent very oblique postmedial irregularly sinuous black line, 
excurved between veins 4 and 7, and with a dark shade beyond it 
below vein 4 ; an indistinct pale waved submarginal line. Hind 
wing with black spot at end of cell ; crenulate postmedial line and 
indistinct pale submarginal line. Underside with a broad fuscous 
band beyond postmedial line of both wings. 

2 browner. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Assam ; Moulmein ; Mlgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., 
6 72-80, $ 96 millim. 

3474. Medasina mucidaria, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1581 ; C. 8? S. no. 

3358. 
Darisa maxima, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 243 ; C. Sf 8. no. 3357. 

Olive-brown, irrorated and slightly suffused with reddish brown 
and fuscous ; palpi black at sides. Fore wing with waved double 
indistinct antemedial line ; a speck at end of cell ; a waved post- 
medial line slightly excurved beyond cell, and with a series of 
specks beyond it on the veins, and a dark patch between veins 3 
and 4 ; an indistinct, pale, waved submarginal line, with dark patches 
inside it. Hind wing with slightly waved curved postmedial line, 
and diffused lunulate submarginal line ; both wings with marginal 



MEDASINA. 287 

series of black specks. Underside with diffused submarginal 
fuscous baud. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp,, <$ 58, $ 70 rnillim. 

3475. Medasina similis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 235 ; C. 8? S. no. 3260. 
Medasina persimilis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 236; C. fy S. no. 3265. 

cf . Differs from mauraria in having a broad pale rufous fascia 
from base to apex of fore wing, with black strigae on costa and 
occupying one-third of the wing ; a pale patch beyond the medial 
part of the subinarginal line. Hind wing with the base pale 
rufous ; the outer half less suffused with fuscous. 

The form persimilis has the costa of fore wing less striated. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis. Exp, 68 millim. 

3476. Medasina interruptaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867. p. 628 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3263. 

£ • Differs from similis in the pale costal fascia of fore wing 
being much more striated with fuscous ; the pale patch beyond 
the submarginal line reduced. Hind wing with no submarginal 
line. Underside without the pale marginal patches. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp, 64 millim. 

3477. Medasina dissimilis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 235 ; C. $ S. no. 

3261. 
Demotrickia cervina, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 419. 

$ . Differs from interruptaria in having no trace of the pale 
fascia on fore wing ; an antemedial sinuous black line arising from 
a black blotch on costa ; a medial blotch with a spot below it on 
discocellulars ; the postmedial line arising from a black spot on 
costa. Hind wing paler. Underside with the ground-colour very 
pale. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 62 millim. 

3478. Medasina quadrinotata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 417. 

3 . Differs from similis in the ground-colour being brownish 
white. Eore wing with the pale fascia reduced by the costa being 
broadly irrorated with fuscous, the lines being marked on the 
irrorated area. Hind wing with the outer margin more produced 
at vein 7 ; the postmedial line with two dentitions below costa. 
Underside with the postmedial line and submarginal band more 
prominent. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

3479. Medasina fratercula, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 236 ; C.$S. no. 3262. 

<$ . Differs from similis in being much brighter rufous. Fore 
wing with the costal fascia reddish ochreous ; an oblique subbasal 
black line below it ; a speck at end of cell ; the postmedial line 



288 GEOMETKIDJE. 

more prominent and much less oblique. Hind wing with the 
postmedial line more prominent. Both wings with the submarginal 
line replaced by a series of white specks, and with a black mark 
below vein 6. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 52 millim. 

3480. Medasina basistrigaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 626 ; C. fy 8 

no. 3277. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen dark red-brown ; wings striated 
with fuscous. Tore wing with the basal and outer areas dark 
red-brown ; the medial area pale and bounded by slightly waved 
black ante- and postmedial lines ; a speck at end of cell and 
spot on costa above it ; an irregularly sinuous pale submarginal 
line. Hind wing with the basal area dark and bounded by an 
indistinct antemedial line ; the outer two-thirds pale, with a 
crenulate postmedial line and some brown suffusion on apical and 
inner parts of margin, traversed by the interrupted pale submarginal 
line ; a dark and pale marginal line, the margin being produced 
and reddish at veins 3 and 4. Underside ochreous ; the marginal 
area of fore wing suffused with fuscous, except at middle and 
outer angle. 

Hab. fcSikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 46 millim. 

3481. Medasina lampasaria, Sioinh. MS. 

<S . Eeddish brown, almost entirely suffused and striated with 
black. Fore wing with the ground-colour of the medial area 
whitish, forming a band, which expands on costal half of wing, 
bears a black cell-spot, and is edged by a postmedial line incurved 
below vein 5. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3482. Medasina vagans, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 242, pi. 8, fig. 16 ; C.fy S. 

no. 3342. 
Darisa interlata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 433. 

Pale olive-grey brown, irrorated with black. Pore wing with 
double obliquely waved antemedial line, expanding into black patches 
at costa ; a spot at end of cell ; an indistinct medial line arising 
from a black patch at costa and incurved below vein 5 ; a double 
waved postmedial line prominent at costa and inner margin, the 
medial part almost obsolete, the costal part oblique : a waved grey 
submarginal line arising from a black patch on costa ; a series of 
marginal specks. Hind wing with prominent cell-spot, curved 
postmedial series of specks, submarginal series of fuscous and 
grey lunules, and marginal series of black lunules. Underside with 
prominent cell-spots ; fore wing with broad marginal band, with 
patches of the ground-colour at costa, middle and inner margin ; 
hind wing with large submarginal black patch on costa. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., tf 54, $ 62 millim. 



MEDASINA. 289 f 

3483. Medasina livida, Wan: P. Z. S. 1893, p. 419. 

<$ . Leaden grey, suffused and irrorated with black. Pore wing 
with some rufous suffusion on inner medial area ; a double waved 
antemedial line angled below the costa ; a speck at end of cell ; 
traces of a medial line angled below costa ; a double crenulate 
postmedial line, and traces of a sinuous submarginal line arising 
from a black blotch on costa. Hind wing with traces of a sub- 
basal line ; a speck at end of cell ; double crenulate postmedial 
line, and traces of a submarginal line ; both wings with a series of 
black marginal lunules. Underside leaden fuscous, with indistinct 
cell-spots and postmedial line ; a white patch at apex of each wing. 
Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 64 millim. 

3484. Medasina contaminata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 246 ; C. $ S. 
tto. 3356. 

White, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with fuscous 
striae on the costa ; a sinuous antemedial black band narrowing to 
inner margin, with a spot beyond it on median nervure ; a triangular 
spot on middle of costa conjoined to a spot on discocellulars ; a 
curved crenulate postmedial orange line, blackish at costa, with 
ferruginous suffusion from it to the ill-defined submarginal 
sinuous black line and extending to the margin below apex and at 
outer angle. Hind wing more thickly irrorated; an indistinct 
crenulate postmedial line ; the marginal area suffused with ferru- 
ginous, and with an indistinct waved white submarginal line. 
Both wings with crenulate marginal black line. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp., tf 56, $ 66 millim. 

3485. Medasina albidaria, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1582; C. fyS. no. 3310. 

White, irrorated and spotted with very pale brown ; branches 
of antennae blackish ; palpi black at sides ; legs spotted with black. 
Fore wing with indistinct waved antemedial, medial, postmedial, 
and submarginal fuscous lines, arising from blackish patches on 
the costa, the postmedial line with a black mark between veins 3 
and 4. Hind wing with indistinct waved antemedial, medial, and 
submarginal lines ; a speck at end of cell ; both wings with a 
marginal series of black specks. Underside with black cell-spot 
and three lunulate marks below apex of fore wing. 

Hab. Simla j Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 60-64 millim. 

3486. Medasina obliterata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 630; C. $ 8. 

no. 3328. 

White ; head and thorax suffused with rufous ; abdomen orange 
towards extremity, and with two black specks on 2nd segment. 
Fore wing slightly irrorated with rufous ; the costa suffused with 
rufous, also the outer area except at middle; indistinct double waved 
rufous ante- and postmedial lines ; traces of a single waved medial 
line and crenulate white submarginal line. Hind wing with double 

yol. in. u 



290 GEOMETRID.E. 

crenulate postmedial line and single white subraarginal line, with 
patches of rufous-brown suffusion inside and beyond it. Both 
wings with marginal series of black specks. Underside with black 
cell-spots and large black patches at apex and outer angle of each 
wing. 

Bab. Nepal ; Sikhim. Exp. 58 millim. 

V 3487. Medasina albidior, n. sp. 

2 • Differs from obliterata in having no rufous suffusion ; the 
head black ; abdomen without the black specks, and only orange at 
extremity. Pore wing with the inner and outer areas suffused and 
irrorated with fuscous grey, and with a few fulvous scales, especially 
on the veins ; the antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines single, 
indistinct, and arising from black spots on the costa. Hind wing 
irrorated and slightly suffused with fuscous grey, with indistinct 
antemedial line and blackish cell-spot ; the postmedial line single 
and reduced to a series of specks. Underside with postmedial 
series of black specks ; hind wing with the upper patch smaller 
and subapical. the lower patch obsolete. 

Hah. Nagas, 6000 feet (Dohertij). Exp. 78 millim. Type in 
•coll. Elwes. 

Genus ARICHANNA. 

Arichanna, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 658. 
Khyparia, H'tibn. Verz. p. 305 (P1818), praeocc. 
Icterodes, Butt. III. Bet. ii, p. ix (1878). 
Paricterodes, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 389. 

Type, A. plagifera, Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Khasis ; INagas. 

Palpi porrect, reaching beyond the frons, and clothed with long 
hair ; wings with the margins not crenulate. Pore wing usually 
with fovea ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from 
upper angle; 10 and 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antenna} of male fasciculate ; hind tibiae not dilated. 

3488. Arichanna tramesata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 658 5 pi. 33, fig, 2 ; 
C. 8f S. no. 3835. 

S . Pale ochreous, irrorated with fuscous and black. Pore 
wing thickly irrorated and striated wit-h black ; the veins streaked 
with fulvous ; indistinct slightly sinuous antemedial, postmedial, 
and submarginal white lines, the postmedial forking towards apex ; 
a black patch at end of cell. Hind wing irrorated with fuscous ; 
a fuscous spot at end of cell, and series of black specks on the 
margin. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 



£ 



c 



z 



i 



AEICHAlfNA. 291 

3489. Arichanna rubrivena, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 424, pi. 30, fig. 13. 

cJ . Differs from tramesata in the ground-colour being fuscous. 
Fore wing with the veins dark red-brown ; no antemedial line ; 
the whitish postniedial line nearer the margin and with a double 
black line interrupted by the red-streaked veins inside it ; an 
indistinct submarginal series of white specks. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 44 millim. 

3490. Arichanna violacea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 391, pi. 30, fig. 12. 

Micrabraxas subolivacea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 426. 

Differs from rubrivena in the ground-colour of the fore wiug 
beiug darker and with patches of purplish-grey scales in the 
interspaces between the lines ; no rufous on the veins, but some 
olive suffusion on median nervure and between veins 2 and 4. 

Hal. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp., S 40, $ 42 millim. 

3491. Arichanna transfasciata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 425. 

3 . Head, thorax, and abdomen whitish and brown. Fore wing 
olive-brown, slightly striated with black ; a whitish streak from 
base on median nervure and vein 4 to outer margin ; antemedial 
and postniedial black-edged white bands, the latter almost joined 
by an oblique streak from apex ; a maculate sinuous wdiite sub- 
marginal line bent out to the margin at outer angle ; a black cell- 
spot, with a crenulate line just beyond it. Hind wing orange- 
yellow, irrorated with black ; an indistinct dark cell-spot and 
postmedial line, with traces of whitish band on its outer edge ; 
a submarginal dark spot above vein 4, and whitish line near anal 
angle. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 50 millim. 

3492. Arichanna marginata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 423. 

^^ Arichanna subalbida, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 425, pi. 32, fig. 15. 

Yellow-green, irrorated with black. Fore wing with a black 
spot at base ; an indistinct double series of antemedial black spots, 
followed by an ill-defined whitish medial band enclosing a green 
patch at end of cell ; an indistinct crenulate black postmedial line 
incurved at lower angle of cell; traces of a waved white sub- 
marginal band, enclosing a black spot above vein 4;. a marginal 
series of specks. Hind wing ochreous, with cell-spot, slightly 
waved postmedial line, and broad diffused marginal band. 

The form subalbida has the white bands of fore wing almost 
obsolete and the hind wing whiter, with the marginal band reduced 
to a submarginal line. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 48 
millim. 



<i> 



493. Arichanna ramosa, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1688 ; C.& S. no. 3834. 

Head and thorax pale olive or fulvous, abdomen whitish. Fore 

2tj 



292 GEOMETEIDJE. 

wing black, irrorated with white and ochreous ; the costa much 
irrorated with ochreous ; an obsolescent anteinedial white line \ 
a medial white band forking from median nervure to costa ; an 
ochreous fascia from origin of vein 2 to outer margin below vein 4 ; 
a postmedial white band forking towards apex ; a sinuous sub- 
marginal series of white specks. Hind wing white, slightly irro- 
rated with fuscous : a dark spot at end of cell, and postmedial and 
submarginal maculate bands ; a marginal series of black strise. 
Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 46 millim. 

\/ 3494. Arichanna biqixadrata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 423. 

Differs from ramosa in the head, thorax, and abdomen being 
darker. Pore wing with the ground-colour fuscous brown, striated 
with black ; some whitish towards inner margin : a double maculate 
antemedial band ; ]arge patches at and beyond end of cell ; a 
double postmedial series of patches ; a patch on costa before apex ;. 
a submarginal series of white specks. Hind wing very pale 
brownish grey ; the underside thickly striated ; a cell-spot and 
postmedial line. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 44 millim. 

3495. Arichanna albovittata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 274 ; C. & &■ 

no. 3829. 

Differs from ramosa in the fore wing beiug pale brown, with 
dark strise and very ill-defined ante- and postmedial dark bands ; 
the white markings consist of a broad postmedial band, sending 
an oblique streak to the apex, and an indistinct submarginal line. 
Hind wing entirely white on upperside, with cell-spot and lunulate 
postmedial line on underside. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp., 6 52, $ 56 millim. 

Sect. II. {Arichanna). Antennas of male serrate and fasciculate ; 
hind tibiae not dilated ; fore wing without fovea. 

3496. Arichanna plagifera, Wlh. Cat. xxxv, p. 1686; C. $ $. 

no. 3833. 

Differs from biquadrata in being yellow-brown. Fore wing 

with the double series of 
patches less distinct ; 
some white scales on 
medial area and beyond 
the postmedial patches ; 
a submarginal series of 
patches and no subapical 
patch. Hind wing with 
indistinct cell-spots, post- 
Fig, im.- Arichanna plagifera, rf, i. ^ al line ' and marginal 
Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 46 millim. 




ARICHAXNA. 293 

Sect. III. {Ict-erodes). Antennae of male bipectinated to three- 
fourths length, with short stiff branches. 

A. Hind tibice of male dilated ivitli a fold and expansile tuft of hair. 
3497. Arichanna furcifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 275 ; C. fy S. no. 3830. 

3 . Olive-brown, irrorated and suffused with black. Fore wing 
with a white speck at base ; a broad medial white band enclosing 
a patch of the ground-colour on costa, with its middle and ndges 
black ; an indistinct submarginal white line sending a fork to apex. 
Hind wing grey, with slight fuscous irroration ; an indistinct 
medial and lunulate submarginal line ; cilia ochreous. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 54 millitn. 

t- 3498. Arichanna tenebraria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 652 ; C. 8c S. 
no. 3742. 
Paricterodes luciguttata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 390. 
Paricterodes coinmixta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 390. 

S . Head and thorax olive-green and fuscous ; a white tuft on 
metathorax ; abdomen paler. Fore wing olive-green, irrorated 
with fuscous and white ; traces of suffused dark antemedial, medial, 
postinedial, and submarginal bands, the medial and postmedial 
approaching each other below cell. Hind wing whitish, irrorated 
with fuscous ; a cell-spot, postinedial and submarginal lines. 

Tenebraria is larger than luciguttata ; commixta has the fore 
wing darker ; the ground-colour of hind wing brownish, with the 
postmedial band more prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis. Exp., <3 50-60, 2 65 miliirn. 

1/^499. Arichanna lapsariata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1121 ;C.$S. no. 3722. 
Abraxas conspersa, Butl. A. M. JV. H. (5) vi, p. 225 ; id. III. Set. 
vi, pi. 119, fig. 10 ; C. 8r S. no. 3721. 
/^-Abraxas consocia, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 226 ; id. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 119, fig. 11 ; C. 8c S. no. 3720. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black. Fore 
wing grey, with seven ill-defined and confluent black-brown 
maculate bands and a few scattered smaller spots ; the base 
yellowish, with black spots and a black patch on costa ; a w T hite 
postmedial band between the fifth and sixth maculate bands. 
Hind wing Avhite, with a spot at end of cell and one beyond it ; 
three medial spots on inner area ; a submarginal series and 
numerous small conjoined spots on the margin. 

The Sikhim forms conspersa and consocia have the fore wing 
thickly irrorated with small spots and no postmedial white band ; 
conspersa is a small form with few dark specks on the hind wing, 
consocia a large form with numerous specks. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 62-88 millim. 

Z 3500. Arichanna regularis, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 392. 

S . Differs from typical lapsariata in the ground-colour of the 



294 geometrid^e. 

fore wing being white ; the spots of the bands smaller, rounded, 
and much less confluent ; no small scattered spots. Hind wing 
with an antemedial series of three spots ; a large spot at end of 
cell ; two postmedial series ; the submarginal series complete. 
Hab. Nagas. Exp. 74 millim. 

3501. Arichanna maculata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 658 ; Waterh. 
Aid, pi. 184, fig. 6; C. # 8. no. 3831. 

Dark brown : head and thorax marked with white ; abdomen 
banded with white. Fore wing with a few scattered white specks ; 
a white basal, two antemedial, three postmedial, and three sub- 
marginal patches; cilia chequered white and dark. Hind wing 
white, with antemedial brow r n line ; speck at end of cell ; curved 
postmedial line ; irregular submarginal line angled inwards to the 
postmedial line and outwards to the margin on vein 4 ; a crenulate 
marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 46 millim. 

' f 350£L~Arichanna hamiltonia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 17, 
pi. 1, fig. 5. 

Differs from transectata in the abdomen being banded with 
orange : fore wing with the ground-colour purplish grey ; a post- 
medial white band between the series of spots ; hind wing with no 
fuscous on inner area. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp., 6 60, $ ?0 millim. 

3503. Arichanna transectata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1112; C. $ S. 
no. 3712. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black. Fore wing olive-yellow, 
almost entirely covered by fuscous suffusion and by eight series of 
black spots. Hind wing orange, with fuscous suffusion on basal 
inner area ; a black spot at end of cell ; an obsolescent medial series, 
and submarginal and marginal series of large spots. 

Walker's type consists of the head, thorax, and fore wings of a 
male attached to the abdomen and hind wings of a female probably 
of a different species, but I apply the name to the well-known 
Himalayan form. 

Hab. Chamba ; Kumaun ; Sikhim. Exp. 56-62 millim. 

A^3504. Arichanna sparsa, Butl. Entom. xxiii, p. 316. 

£xIcterodes conspersa, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 113, pi. 137, fig. 6 
(prseocc). 

Differs from transectata in the abdomen being grey. Eorew T ing 
with the ground-colour grey ; the costa, inner margin, and veins 
yellowish, irrorated with numerous black specks ; the maculate 
bands reduced to double antemedial, postmedial, and marginal bands. 
Hind wing with the base grey and the spots smaller. 

Hab. Dharmsala. Exv. 52 millim. 



i^C. 



ARICHANKA. — EREBOMORPUA. 295 



3505. Arichanna jaguarinaria, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi p. 17, pi. ix, 

fig. 1. 

Grey ; some black on teguLs ; abdomen with a series o£ black 
lateral spots. Fore wing with two subbasal black spots ; an ante- 
medial oblique series of four spots ; a spot at end of cell ; a post- 
medial curved series of seven spots ; a submarginal series of nine 
spots. Hind wing whitish, with a spot at end of cell and a broad 
marginal orange band with seven black spots on its inner edge. 

The typical Japanese and Chinese form has a medial series of 
spots on hind wing, with the marginal orange band extending to 
them. 

Bab. Japan ; China ; Nagas. Exp., <$ 58, $ 64 millim. 

B. Hind tibia? not dilated. 

3506. Arichanna? subaenescens, Wan: P. Z. S. 1893, p. 426. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown; wings with the 
basal two-thirds black-brown, the outer area fulvous. Fore wing 
with oblique whitish antemedial line, slightly angled on mediau 
nervure ; a black line on discocellulars ; a slightly sinuous curved 
whitish postmedial line ; the outer area striated with black and 
with an ill-defined subapical patch. Hind wing with the irroration 
on outer area slight towards apex, thick near anal angle. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 48 millim. 

Genus EREBOMORPHA. — 

Erebomorpha, Wlk. Cat, xxi, p. 494 (1860). 
Vindusara, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 653. 

Type, E. fulgurita, Wlk. 

Range. Japan ; Sikhim : Khasis. 

Palpi porrect and fringed with hair below, the 3rd joint minute : 
antennas of male bipectinated to near apex ; hind tibia? very long 
and much dilated with a fold containing a ridge of hair, the spurs 
short ; abdomen hairy below and with a large tuft near base. Fore 
wing with the costa arched towards apex ; vein 3 from before angle 
of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked. 
Hind wing with vein 3 usually from angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with the outer margin produced to 
points at veins 4, 6, and 7. 

3507. Erebomorpha fulgurita, Wlk. Cat xxi, p. 495 ; C. $ S. no. 3187. 
Erebomorpha xanthosoma, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 126, fig. 17 j C. fy S. 

no. 3189. A 
Brown, thickly striated with black ; metathorax with a broad 
white band ; abdomen orange, with black marks on dorsum. Fore 
wing with a broad white fascia from base of inner margin to apex, 
towards which it narrows and is brownish ; white medial and sub- 
marginal lines from the fascia to inner margin. Hind wing with 
a postmedial black line, angled and obsolescent at vein 6, with a 



296 



GEOMETRLD^. 



broad white band inside it and a pale fulvous patch beyond it on 
costal area ; a submarginal white line from vein 4 to anal angle, and 
often a marginal line from apex to vein 4 and patch at vein 7. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 100 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with the outer margin produced to points at 
veins 4 and 7 ; vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3508. Erebomorpha Mguraria, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 495 ; Butt. III. Het. 
vi, pi. 120, fig. 2 ; C. 8f 8. no. 3186. £ 

S . Black-brown, striated with deep black ; antennae fulvous; a 
white band on 1st segment of abdomen. Pore wing with a narrow 
white band from middle of costa running out to a very acute angle 
at vein 2, where it joins a nearly straight postmedial line, then to 




Dear base of inner margin ; a white line from apex to vein 3, where 
it ends in a red patch on the postmedial line; cilia with white spot 
at middle. Hind wing with a white fascia from base along costa 
to a postmedial curved band ; a line from margin at vein 7 to vein 
2 near the postmedial band, an olive patch in the angle of the two 
up to vein 6, and a red line outside that part of the oblique line ; 
an olive medial patch on the margin ; cilia white from the apex to 
vein 7 and below vein 4. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 96 millim. 

Sect. III. Hind wing with the outer margin excurved 
between veins 3 and 6. 



3509. Erebomorpha compositata, Guen. Thai. 



207; Moore, 



P. Z. S. 1867, pi. 32, fig. 6; C. $ S. no. 3718!' J' 

Head, collar, and abdomen orange with black spots ; thorax 
white. Pore wing white, with grey basal and antemeclial patches 



EREBOMORPHA. — ABRAXAS. 297 

on costal area ; a spot at lower angle of cell, often conjoined to the 
costal patch ; a medial band running out to an angle at vein 3, 
then with some black and yellow marks on it to inner margin of 
hind wing near base ; both wings with a submarginal band with 
some spots inside it on costal half of each wing, arising from a 
large patch with white spot on it at apex of fore wing, touching 
the median band at vein 3, and with yellow patches with black 
lunules on them below vein 6 of each wing, on hind wing forming 
a large medial marginal patch and forking towards anal angle; 
some striae on margin of both wings. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 74-80 millim. 

Sect. IV. Hind wing with the outer margin excurved 
between veins 6 and 7. 

3510. Erebomorpha metachromata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1122; Butt. 

III. Het. vi, pi. 120, tig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 3719. 

Head black, the vertex fulvous ; thorax and abdomen grey, the 
latter orange and black towards extremity. Fore wing white, more 
or less completely covered with grey spots and blotches ; a post- 
medial band with a fulvous line on it slightly curved below costa 
and oblique towards inner margin ; a white area on each side of the 
band and on inner part of outer area. Hind wing white, with grey 
spot on inner area before middle ; a spot at end of cell ; a broad 
marginal band of yellow blotches with grey edges and black lunules 
on them ; a large marginal black spot below vein 7, and white 
marks towards anal angle. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 64 millim. 

Genus ABRAXAS. — 

Abraxas, Leach, Edinb. Encycl. ix, p. 134 (1815). 
Ligdia, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 209 (1857). 
Potera, Moore, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 852. 
Heterabraxas, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 416 (1894). 
Omophyseta, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 414. 

Type, A. grossulataria, Linn., from Europe. 

Range. Palaearctic and Oriental regions. 

Palpi porrect and roughly scaled ; hind tibiae of male dilated 
with a fold containing a tuft of hair. Pore wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10 and 11 stalked, 11 becoming 
coincident with 12, or apparently absent. Hind wing with vein 
3 from before angle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Heterabraxas). Palpi moderate ; antennae bipectinated to 
three-fourths length in both sexes, the branches longest in 
male ; fore wing with a slight scar representing the fovea ; 
vein 11 apparently absent. 

3511. Abraxas pardaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 652; C. $ S. 

no. 3738. 

J . Head black ; thorax orange, marked with black ; abdomen 



298 GEOMETRIC. 

white, tinged with orange towards extremity and with paired black 
dorsal and lateral spots. Pore wing white, with a patch of raised 
golden-brown scales on inner area at base ; two patches at middle 
and a small patch near outer angle ; some leaden-grey spots on 
basal area; two irregular medial series ; a submarginal series inter- 
rupted at middle ; confluent spots and strigae on margin and a few 
strigse on costa and outer area. Hind wing white, with two leaden 
antemedial spots, one at end of cell, medial and submarginal series, 
the last with the spot on vein 4 small ; a marginal series of spots 
and a few strigse on outer area. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 64 millim. 

3512. Abraxas fulvosparsa, n. sp. 

Differs from pardaria in the abdomen having large black dorsal 
patches. Fore wing with the basal area orange, spotted with black ; 
a small fulvous spot on vein 1 before the medial spot. Hind wing 
with no antemedial spots ; the inner margin with fulvous spots at 
middle and anal angle ; no striso on either wing. 

Hab. Sikhim, 3000 feet {Holier). Exp., <$ 58, $ 62 millim. 

Type, (5 in coll. Elwes, $ in coll. B. M. 

3513. Abraxas spontaneata, Wlh. Cat. xxiv, p. 1120; C. fy 8. 

no. 3741. 

Differs from fulvosparsa in the abdomen having paired dorsal 
patches. Eore wing with the black-spotted basal patch small ; two 
large olive fulvous patches occupy iug the w T hole inner area except 
at outer angle ; two antemedial leaden spots on costa, one on 
median nervure, and a large patch at end of cell ; a submarginal 
series of small spots, the spot on costa large ; the outer area wholly 
fuscous, except an irregular patch at middle. Hiud wing with 
olive-fulvous spot on middle of inner margin ; a leaden spot 
at end of cell ; traces of a postmedial series of specks ; a marginal 
maculate band. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 64, $ 66 millim. 



3514. Abraxas fasciata, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 211, pi. ii r 
fig. 11. 

S . Head fuscous, the vertex whitish ; thorax fuscous and white; 
the collar tinged with orange ; abdomen orange, with paired dorsal 
black spots ; wings white. Fore wing with the greater part of the 
base covered by an olive-fulvous patch ; leaden-grey patches in and 
at end of cell ; a broad postmedial grey band curved below costa, 
with a fulvous patch on it at inner margin and a spot inside the 
band ; submarginal and marginal series of conjoined grey patches. 
Hind wing with cell-speck ; broad curved grey postmedial band y 
submarginal and marginal series of conjoined grey patches. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 50 millim. 



ABRAXAS. 299 

Sect. II. Palpi slighter ; fore wing with no fovea ; vein 11 stalked 
with 10, and becoming coincident with 12. 

A. Antennae thickened by serrations, but tvithout fascicles of cilia ; 

hind iving of male with the costa produced upwards into a lobe, 
in the female similar to the male of the next group. 

3515. Abraxas lobata, n. sp. 

Similar in markings to the small specimens of the form 
intermedia of sylvata ; the fulvous patches darker, with the silvery 
markings on them lunulate. 

Hah. Simla {Harford). Exp., J 48, $ 54 millim. Type in B. M. 

B. (Abraxas). Antennae of male somewhat thickened by appressed 

serrations and with fascicles of cilia ; hind wing with the costa 
curved over, but not or hardly lobed. 

< ' . . , 3516. Abraxas sylvata, Scop. Ent. Cam. p. 220. 
Phalsena ulniata, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. (332. 
Geometra pantkerata, Hiibn. Beitr. ii, 2, 47, pi. 2 n. 
Zerene leopardina, Koll. HiigeVs Kasch?nir, iv, p. 490 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3736. ty 
Abraxas intermedia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 324; C. $ 8. 

no. 3733 a. 
Abraxas illuminata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 417. 
Abraxas paucinotata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 417. 
Abraxas suffusa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 417. 
Abraxas disrupta, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 418. 
Abraxas determinata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 418. 
Abraxas symmetrica, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 418. 
Abraxas capitata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p 414. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black. lore wing 
white, with olive-fulvous patch at base, and another with some 
silvery marks on it on inner margin beyond middle ; a grey patch 
with a dark mark on it at end of cell extending to the costa ; some 
grey spots below the cell and often in the cell and on the costa ; a 




Fig. 141. — Abraxas sylvata, <$ 



curved postmedial series of spots with short dark streaks on them 
at the veins and often other spots beyond them ; some spots on the 
margin expanding into a patch at middle. Hind wing white, with 
a more or less complete antemedial series of spots ; a postmedial 
series of spots with fulvous streaks on them at the veins, often 



300 



GEOMETRID^. 



with other spots beyond them, and ending on inner margin in a 
large olive-fulvous patch with some silvery marks on it ; a more or 
less developed marginal series of spots. 

The form leopardina from the Himalayas and Assam is large ; 
intermedia, of which both large and small forms exist, has the grey 
spots of both wings more or less reduced. 

Larva. Bluish white ; the dorsum yellowish, with a black line 
and series of black specks. 

Hob. Europe ; N. Asia ; Japan : China ; N.W. Himalayas ; 
Sikhim ; Assam ; Mlgiris ; Penang. Exp. 42 millim. ; leopardina 
50-64 millim. 

3517. Abraxas leucostola, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 143, pi. 169, fig. 6, 

and pi. 176, fig. 19 (larva). 

Differs from sylvata in being silvery white ; the olive-fulvous 
patches darker and with more prominent silvery markings on them ; 
the grey markings obsolescent and only showing through from 
underside ; a ring-spot at end of cell and two costal spots on fore 
wing remaining dark ; also the short streaks on the veins and a 
marginal series of strise on both wings. 

Larva. Black, with a varnish-like glaze ; medial and terminal 
narrow white rings to each somite, except the thoracic and terminal 
somites, which are yellow with black markings. 

Pupa. Red, with a whitish bloom. 

Hal. Ceylon. Exp. 44-48 millim. 

3518. Abraxas martaria, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 205 ; C. fy S. no. 3737. 
Abraxas pusilla, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 225 ; id. III. Het. vi, 

pi. 119, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. no. 3740. 

Differs from sylvata in the fulvous patches being smaller ; the 
other markings blue-grey. Fore wing with a large patch occupying 
the cell and interspaces below it ; no dark marks at end of cell, on 
veins, or costa ; the postmedial band of spots straight ; more spots 
on the marginal area. Hind wing with the antemedial series only 
represented by spots on the costa and inner margin ; fewer spots 
in the postmedial series and more specks on the marginal area. 

Pusilla is the small form of the species, which may be an extreme 
form of sylvata. 

Hab. Punjab ; Nepal ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Assam. Exp., S 52, 
$ 60 millim. ; pusilla, 6 38, £ 40 millim. 

3519. Abraxas conferta, Swink. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 153. 

<3 . Differs from sylvata in the basal patch of fore wing being 
rather larger and paler ; a dark spot on a grey patch at end of cell ; 
the postmedial band consisting of large conjoined blotches, bent 
inwards and with a yellow band on its middle from vein 4 to inner 
margin. Hind wing with speck at end of cell and postmedial series 
of specks ; no yellow patch on inner margin. 

Hab. "India." Exp. 44 millim. 



ABRAXAS. 301 

3520. Abraxas virginalis, Butl. P. Z. S. 1886, p. 392. pi. 35. fig. n • 

C. 8f S. no. 3744. 

Differs from sylvata in the basal patch of fore wing being small 
and orange ; some orange marks on the lower part of the postmedial 
series of spots instead of the patch ; .the grey spots small and more 
diffused over the wing. Hind wing with no fulvous patch ; a spot 
at end of cell; the postmedial aud marginal series of spots small. 

Hab. Murree ; Kashmir ; Assam ; Burma. Exp. 46 millim. 

3521. Abraxas fasciaria, Guer. Voy. Deless., Hist. Nat. p. 96, pi. 26, 

fig. 5 ; C. 8f S. no. 3730. 
ikbraxas notata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 420. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black ; -wings 
yellowish white, with a few scattered black spots ; fore wing with 
large black spots on the costa; an oblique irregularly maculate 
band from costa before apex, with series of spots inside and beyond 
it ; some spots on the margin developed into a patch at middle ; 
hind wing with slightly developed postmedial and marginal series 
of spots. 

Hab. Belgaum ; Nilgiris. Exp., 6 50, $ 60 millim. 

3522. Abraxas metamorpha, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 392. 

$ . "White ; head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with 
black. Tore wing with some orange and dark spots at base ; other 
fuscous spots forming irregular antemedial, medial, and doubly- 
curved submarginal bands which almost join on the costa ; some 
submarginal and a series of marginal spots ; slight orange marks 
on the submarginal band and a dark mark on discocellulars. Hind 
wing with a few subbasal spots ; some spots on inner margin ; one 
at end of cell ; a curved postmedial series with a few smaller spots 
beyond it; a marginal. series. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

U . 3523. Abraxas todara, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 431, pi. 44, figs. 13, 
14. 

Yellowish white, thickly spotted with black ; the head and thorax 
tinged with orange. Pore wing with five ill-defined black patches 
on costa, others forming broken ante- and postmedial bands and 
one on the margin. Hind wing paler, with traces of ante- and 
postmedial bands ; a spot at end of cell. 

Hab. Nilgiri plateau. Exp., <3 45, $ 50 millim. 

3524. Abraxas picaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 652 ; C. $ S. no. 3739. 
Abraxas semilugens, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 393. 

Differs from todara in being more thickly spotted with black ; 
some orange on the ante- and postmedial bands of fore wing and 
the postmedial band of hind wing ; fore wing with black spot at 
end of cell. 



302 geometridjE. 

Semilugens is a rather thickly-spotted form, with the orange on 
the band almost obsolete. 

Hah. Kumaun ; Sikhim. Exp., S 40, $ 43 millim. 

3525. Abraxas alpestris, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 394, pi. 30, fig. 15. 

Differs from picaria in the fore wing being slightly yellower and 
without orange on the bands, which are more prominent. Hind 
wing with the basal two-thirds slightly spotted ; a prominent cell- 
spot and curved postmedial band. 

Hah. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 30 millim. 

3526. Abraxas irrorata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 652 ; C. $ S. no. 3734. 

Pale yellow, irrorated with black ; abdomen with a dorsal and 
two pairs of lateral black spots. Fore wing with traces of orange 
antemedial band angled in cell, and oblique dark medial and post- 
medial bands. Hind wing paler, in some specimens with hardly 
any specks ; a spot at end of cell and indistinct postmedial series 
of specks, with some orange at inner margin, 

Hah. Kumaun ; Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 

3527. Abraxas luteolaria, Sivinh. P. Z. 8. 1889, p. 430 ; Hmpsn. III. 

Het viii, pi. 152, fig. 3. 
Abraxas germana, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 143. 

Differs from irrorata in being much brighter yellow and more 
thickly irrorated with black ; fore wing with no antemedial orange 
band ; the ante- and postmedial dark bands and the postmedial 
band of hind wing prominent in luteolaria, obsolescent in germana. 

One specimen is much suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 50 millim. 

3528. Abraxas poliaria, Swinh. P. Z. 8. 1889, p. 431 ; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. viii, pi. 152, fig. 5. 
Abraxas crocearia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 116, pi. 152, figs. 8, 17. 

Ground-colour orange, almost entirely suffused with fuscous in 
the form poliaria in both sexes ; in crocearia the orange is more 
developed, and becomes the dominant colour in the female. Fore 
wing with indistinct spot at end of cell ; medial and submarginal 
lines, the latter sometimes crenulate. Hind wing with traces of 
medial and submarginal lines, strongly developed in the female 
crocearia. 

Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp., S 46, $ 46-52 millim. 

3529. Abraxas diaphana, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 393. 

Differs from irrorata in the wings being entirely suffused with 
fuscous, so that there is hardly a trace of the yellow ground- 
colour on the markings. 

Hah. Sikhim, 13,000 feet. Exp. 40 millim. 



ABRAXAS. 303 

3530. Abraxas fuscescens, Butl P. Z. S. 1886, p. 392, pi. 35, fig. 10 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3731. 
Abraxas irrula, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 115, pi. 152, fig. 1. 
Abraxas adusta, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 115, pi. 152, figs. 6, 14. 

Differs from poliaria in the ground-colour of the wings being 
brownish grey, thickly irrorated with black in fuscescens = irrula ; 
whilst in the form adusta, from the Nilgiris, the fore wing is almost 
entirely suffused with brown, leaving some pale specks and a 
patch at base. Fore wing with traces of antemedial line, spot at 
end of cell, and two postmedial lines converging towards inner 
margin. Hind wing with spot at end of cell and postmedial line. 

The markings become obliterated in the most diffused forms 
from the INilgiris, some of which are fuscous in tone and difficult 
to separate from poliaria, except by the absence of the submarginal 
line of fore wing. 

Hob. Kulu ; Thundiani, Punjab ; Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 50 millim. 

3531. Abraxas sordida, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 144, pi. 169, fig. 12. 

3 . Brownish fuscous ; head, thorax, and abdomen orange and 
black. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial white spots on the 
costa and medial band from below cell to inner margin. Hind 
wing with medial band from cell to inner margin ; both wings 
with traces of submarginal white specks. 
Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 46 millim. 

3532. Abraxas ostrina, Siuinh. P. Z. S. 1889 ; p. 431 ; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. viii, pi. 152, fig. 18. 

Black ; the head, thorax, and abdomen orange and black. Fore 
wing with irregular white blotches on the costa, and sometimes a 
medial spot on inner margin ; traces of antemedial, medial, post- 
medial, and submarginal waved dark lines. Hind wing with 
medial white specks on inner margin, which may be developed into 
a complete black-spotted band, with a white speck beyond it. 

Hab. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 40-44 millim. 

3533. Abraxas ditritaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1125 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. 

viii, pi. 152, fig. 21 ; C. 8f S. no. 3729. 

Silvery blue- grey ; head and abdomen orange and black. Fore 
wing with a few white specks ; traces of antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial short dark streaks on the veins. Hind wing whitish, 
thickly irrorated with fuscous ; a spot at end of cell and curved 
series of postmedial specks, which may be prominent or almost 
obsolete. 

Hab. Nilgiri plateau. Exp., <3 38-45, $ 50 millim. 

; 3534. Abraxas nigrivena, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 394. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black ; 
wings white, very slightly sullied with fuscous ; the veins black. 



304 geometeld^e. 

Eore wing with an orange basal patch, with a black speck at base 
and others on its outer edge. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 35 millim. 

3535. Abraxas flaveata. 

Abraxas triseriata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 394, pi. 31, fig. 9 (prseocc). 

J . Differs from nigrivena in the wings being pale straw-colour ; 
an indistinct medial band of black scales ; a submarginal series of 
black specks on the veins ; fore wing with the basal orange patch 
rather larger. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 44 millim. 

3536. Abraxas etridoides, n. sp. 

S . Antennae black ; palpi orange, the 3rd joint black. Head 
black, spotted with orange; thorax and abdomen black above, 
white below ; tegulse black and orange. Fore wing white ; the 
costa and area from the cell to outer margin black ; an orange 
subapical elongate patch, widest towards the costa ; the outer 
edge of the white area rather irregular. Hind wing white, with a 
rather broad marginal black band with dentate inner edge. Under- 
side : fore wing as above, but with an additional orange streak on 
outer margin below apex ; hind wing uniform pale yellow, with a 
black mark on the middle of the discocellulars, and the short black 
streaks on the nervules halfway between the cell and outer margin 
so characteristic of Abraxas. 

A beautiful mimic of Teracolus etrida, which is very common in 
the same district. 

Hab. Kodaikanal, Palni Hills (Ehves). Exp. 32 millim. Type 
in coll. Druce. 

3537. Abraxas triseriata, Herr.-Schdffer, Samml aussereur. Schmett. 

fig. 322. k- , 

Potera marginata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 852 j C. $ S. no. 3747. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange and black; wings white, 
with black markings. Pore wing with two irregular subbasal 
bands, the first reaching vein 1, the second the median nervure ; 
an irregular antemedial band excurved from the subcostal nervure 
to vein 1 ; a large patch at end of cell ; the costa mostly black ; 
dentate submarginal and marginal bands connected by a bar on 
vein 4 ; an irregular spot at outer angle. Hind wing with ante- 
medial band, and dentate postmedial and marginal bands. 

The form marginata, from Tenasserim, has all the black markings 
very much reduced, the transverse bands of each wing being only 
represented by a few black specks. 

Hab, Tenasserim; Mergui; Java. Exp. 42-46 millim. 

C. (Ligdia). Antennce of male ciliated. 

3538. Abraxas adustata, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 114 ; Hiibn. Samml 
Eur. Schmett., Geom. fig. 75. 
Ligdia coctata, Guen. Plxal. ii, p. 210; C. fy S. no. 3751. 
Melanippe efferata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1274. 
Melanippe restitutata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1297 ; C. fy S. no. 3814. 



ABRAXAS.— DILOPHODES. 305 

Head and thorax clothed with black-brown and leaden scales ; 
abdomen and wings yellowish white. Tore wing with the basal 
area brown, irrorated with leaden scales and narrowing to inner 
margin ; traces of a medial series of specks ; a postmedial brown 
band diffused outwards to the margin except at apex, its inner 
edge sinuous and with a lead-coloured line on edge of band ; a 
waved white submarginal line with some grey inside it. Hind 
wing with dark speck at end of cell ; some stria? on inner margin ; 
a pale fuscous diffused postmedial band, with a crenulate white 
line on its outer edge. 

Hob. Europe ; N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 26-30 millhn. 

Genus DIL0PH0DES. 

Dilophodes, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 416 (1894). 

Type, D. elegans, Butl. 

Range. Japan; Khasis. 

Palpi porrect, reaching just beyond the frons and fringed with 
hair below ; antenna? of male with two pairs of minute fasciculated 
serrations to each joint ; coxa? of each pair of legs tufted with 
black hair, hind tibia with a tuft from base and paired lateral tufts 
on the base of abdomen. Fore wing of male with fovea ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10 and 11 stalked, and 
connected by a bar with 7, 8, 9 ; 10 and 11 anastomose with 12, 
or 11 anastomoses with 12, then again with 10; 12 sometimes 
bifurcate at extremity. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell. 

3539. Dilophodes elegans, Butl III. Het. ii, p. 53, pi. 37, fig. 6. 
Abraxas khasiana, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 17. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black ; wings 
white, with black markings. Fore wing with the spots covering 
the greater part of the surface, and consisting of basal spots, ante- 
medial and medial bands, which coalesce below the cell, a curved 
postmedial series of smaller spots, and submarginal and marginal 




Fig. 142. — Dilophodes elegans, 



series often coalescing and interrupted between veins 3 and 4. 
Hind wing with spot at end of cell ; spots on inner margin ; an 
interrupted submarginal series of large spots and marginal series 
of small spots. 

VOL. III. x 




306 GEOMETRIC. 

The Khasi race has the spots on the apical half of hind wing 
obsolete. 

Hob. Japan ; Khasis. Exp. 54 milliin. 

Genus ONELLABA. 
Onellaba, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1139 (1862), 

Type, 0. botydata, Wlk. 

Range. Peninsular India. 

Palpi hairy, porrect, and not reaching beyond the frons, which 
is hairy • antennae thickened and simple ; hind tibiae dilated, but 
without fold or tuft ; wings long and narrow. Pore wing with 
the apex produced and outer margin oblique ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 
from before angle of cell. 

3540. Onellaba botydata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1140; C. # S. no. 3750; 

Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, pi. 156, fig. 29. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen 
orange, banded with black ; 
wings white, with a few black 
specks, which on the costa 
and inner margin are con- 
joined into almost con- 
Fig. U3.-Onellaba botydata, J. i. tinuous fasciae; a black spot 

at end of cell, and curved postmedial, submarginal, and marginal 
bands. 

Hab. Ganjain ; Canara ; Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 32 milliin. 

Genus PERCNIA. 

Percnia, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 216 (1857). 
Culcula, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 266 (1888\ 
Xenoplia, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 415 (1894). 

Type, P. felinaria, Guen. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Himalayas ; Assam ; Burma. 

Palpi porrect, reaching just beyond the frons and fringed with 
hair ; hind tibiae of male dilated with a fold containing a tuft of 
long hair. Pore wing long and narrow ; male usually with fovea ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 more or less above angle of 
discocellulars ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10 and 11 free, or 10 stalked with 
7, 8, 9, or rarely with 11. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinated to near apex ; fore wing 
but slightly elongate ; vein 5 from just above middle of disco- 
cellulars. 

A. Aniennce of male with long decumbent branches. 

3541. Percnia ductaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1111 ; C. fy 8. no. 3710. Lj 
Grey, slightly suffused with fuscous ; head and thorax spotted 



PERCNTA. 307 

with black ; abdomen with paired dorsal black spots. Fore wing 
with fulvous streaks on the veins near base and a postmedial series 
of short streaks ; some black specks at base ; two antemedial, one 
medial, two postmedial, one submarginal, and a marginal series of 
black spots ; a spot at end of cell. Hind wing with two ante- 
medial black spots on inner area ; three medial spots ; two post- 
medial series, with short fulvous streaks on the veins between 
them ; submarginal and marginal series. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 60 millim. 

B. (Xenoplia). Antenna of male ivith short stiff branches, of female 
with shorter branches ; fore wing ivith vein 10 stalked ivith 7, 8, 9. 

3542. Percnia coryneta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 213. 

c? . Differs from ductaria in the wings being whiter ; some 
yellow at base of fore wing, but none on the veins ; the spots 
larger and deep black. Fore wing w 7 ith no spots in the interspaces 
in the antemedial, medial, and postmedial series ; the outer of the 
tw T o postmedial series consisting of diffused patches, with a well- 
defined white band beyond them. Hind wing with only the cell- 
spot of the medial series ; the postmedial series single, and with 
no specks in the interspaces. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis ; JNagas ; Burma. Exp. 70 millim. 

3543. Percnia tincta, n. sp. 

d . Differs from ductaria in the thorax being paler and not 
spotted with black ; the wings tinged with pale rufous and without 
the postmedial series of fulvous streaks on the veins. Fore wing 
with the ante- and postmedial series of spots single, the latter 
with an indistinct band beyond it. Hind wing with an ante- 
medial series of spots ; only the cell-spot of the medial series ; the 
postmedial series single, with a faint band beyond it. 

Hah. Sikhim (Moller). Exp. 84 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3544. Percnia foraria, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 217 : C. fy S. no. 3715. 
Percnia submissa, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 391. 

Differs from belluaria (p. 308) in being smaller and paler. 
Hab. Dharmsala ; Simla ; Sikhim. Exp. 48-56 millim. 

3545. Percnia macnlata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 651 ; C.fyS. no. 3711. 

Zenoplia subfumida, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 416. 

cJ . Differs from foraria in the interspaces of the fore wing 
being suffused with fuscous, except at base and outer area ; the 
costal and outer areas irrorated with black. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 



x2 



308 



GEOMETKID.E. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male minutely serrate and fasciculate ; 
fore wing more elongate. 

A. Fore wing with vein 5 from near upper angle of cell. 

a. Male ivith fovea. 

a'. Hind wing iviih vein 7 from well before angle of cell. 

3546. Percnia felinaria, Guen. Fhal ii, p. 216, pi. 19, fig. 1 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3714. 

Differs from ductaria in being much more suffused with fuscous ; 
no fulvous streaks on the veins ; the spots much larger. Tore 
wing with only one postmedial series. Hind wing with only the 
cell-spot of the three medial spots ; a single postmedial series. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 88-90 millim. 

b'. Hind iving ivith vein 7 given off from, or from just before, 
angle of cell. 

3547. Percnia Miliaria, Guen. Fhal ii, p. 217 ; C. $ S. no. 3713. 
Percnia guttata, Feld. Feis. Nov. pi. 130, fig. 15 ; C. $ S.no. 3716. 




Fig, 144. — Percnia belluaria 



Differs from felinaria in being paler, with the spots smaller. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 72 millim. 

3548. Percnia interfusa, Warr. F. Z. S. 1893, p. 392. 

Differs from belluaria in the ground-colour being whiter ; the 
head, thorax, and base of fore wing tinged with fulvous. Fore 
wing suffused Math fuscous, chiefly on costal and outer areas ; a 
dentate line beyond the postmedial series of spots. Hind wing 
with slight fuscous suffusion on marginal area, and traces of a 
dentate line beyond the postmedial series of spots. 

Hab. JNagas. Exp. 58 millim. 

b. (Culcula). Male ivith no fovea. 

3549. Percnia exanthemata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 266; C. $ S. no. 3723. 

"White ; head and thorax suffused with olive-yellow ; abdomen 
yellowish, the anal tuft orange. Pore wing with olive-yellow 



PERCXIA. — OBEIDIA. 309 

subbasal patch with grey rings on it ; some grey spots on and below 
costa ; a large grey patch at end of cell ; a postmedial oblique 
series of olive-yellow lunules and spots on grey patches, inter- 
rupted between veins 4 aud 6 and ending at outer angle ; numerous 
conjoined grey spots on marginal area. Hind wing with large 
grey patch at end of cell ; a postmedial series of small spots 
becoming an olive-yellow line, with patches beyond it on a grey 
ground from vein 3 to anal angle ; a few submarginal grey spots. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., $ 64, $ 90 millim. 

B. Fore wing with vein 5 from slightly above middle of 
discocellulars ; 10 and 11 stalked. 

3550. Percnia giraffata, Gum. Thai, ii, p. 20-5 ; C. $ S. no. 3732. 

E-hyparia graudaria, Feld. Wien. Ent. Mon. vi, p. 39 ; id. Reis. 
Nov. pi. 129, fig. 28. 

$ . White ; the collar and end of abdomen tinged with fulvous ; 
head and thorax spotted with black ; abdomen with paired dorsal 
and lateral spots and ventral bands. Fore wing with two subbasal 
spots ; a large spot on costa ; three obliquely placed antemedial 
spots, one at end of cell with spot on costa above it ; a double 
postmedial series of irregular more or less confluent spots ; sub- 
marginal and marginal series of spots, and some striae on outer 
area. Hind wing with spot at base ; three antemedial spots ; 
postmedial, submarginal, and marginal series, and some striae on 
outer area. 

Other specimens have the spots of the postmedial band of fore 
wing disconnected ; the marginal spots larger and conjoined into 
a band towards apex. 

Hab. Japan; China; Sikhim; Burma. Exp. 85 millim. 

Genus OBEIDIA. 
Obeidia, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1139 (1862). 

Type, 0. vagipardata, Wlk., from Northern China. / 

Range. China ; Sikhim ; Nagas ; Penang. 

Palpi slender and reaching beyond the Irons ; antennae of male 
thickened by appressed serrations ; hind tibiae with a fold con- 
taining a tuft of hair; abdomen long and slender; wings long 
and narrow ; male with fovea. Fore wing with vein 3 from before 
angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle; 10 and 11 
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell; the disco- 
cellulars angled ; 7 from before upper angle. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with vein 8 approximated to 7 to 
half length of cell. 

3551. Obeidia tigrata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 202; C. $ S. no. 3743. 
Obeidia fumosa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 389. 
Obeidia lucifera, Sivinh. A.M.N. H. (6) xii, p. 153. 

Fulvous orange, spotted with black. Fore wing with the spots 



310 geometkid^e. 

on basal and outer areas small and numerous ; curved ante- and 
postmedial series of large spots and a spot at end of cell. Hind 
wing with small spots on basal and outer areas ; a spot at end of 
cell and a curved postmedial series. 




Fig. 145. — Obeidia tigrata 



The spots vary considerably in size and disposition; some 
specimens have the disk of fore wing and the greater part of hind 
wing whitish ; or in the Indian form fumosa with the greater part 
of the ground-colour of both wings white, the orange being con- 
fined in some specimens to the costa of fore wing, and the fuscous 
spots forming a nearly entire marginal band. 

Hah. China; Sikhim; Nagas; Penang. Exp. 64-80 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing with vein 8 approximated to 7 to 
near end of cell. 

3552. Obeidia millepunctata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 389. /• 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale orange, spotted with black ; 
antennas black ; wings white. Tore wing with the base tinged 
with orange ; the basal area thickly spotted with black ; a series 
of larger irregularly placed medial spots, double from the median 
nervure to inner margin ; the outer area with small spots thickly 
placed and confluent at apex ; cilia black. Hind wing with speck 
at end of cell ; an irregular medial series of large spots ; the outer 
area with small spots, many of which become confluent; cilia 
black. 

Bah. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 



Genus VITHORA. 

Vithora, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1865, p. 795. 

Type, V. indrasana, Moore. 
Range. Japan : China ; Sikhim ; Khasis. 

Palpi slender and fringed with long hair; the 2nd joint 
upcurved, the 3rd porrect ; frons hairy ; antennas long and simple 



VITIIORA. — GENUSA. 311 

dilated towards extremity ; abdomen long and slender ; hind tibiae 
of male dilated with a fold containing a ridge of hair. Wings 
long and narrow, sparsely clothed with small scales and hair. 
Fore w T ing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 
10 and 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

3553. Vithora indrasana, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 795, pi. 42, fig. 5 ; 
C. $ S. no. 344. 
Haltkia nigripars, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 16, pi. 1, fig. 1. 

S - Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, with black markings. 
Fore wing black, with some yellow at base ; a white patch occu- 
pying the basal half of cell ; a quadrate patch below its middle 
and another in its extremity ; a postmedial curved series of three 




Fig. 146. — Vit hora indrasana, $. \. 

irregular patches, the two lower conjoined ; an irregular subapical 
bar ; a submarginal spot below vein 4. Hind wing white, with 
medial black band interrupted at middle or broken up into spots, 
some scattered spots and specks beyond it ; an irregular marginal 
band. 

2 • The black markings more extensive and the white more- 
reduced, especially on the hind wing, which has a broad curved 
postmedial band connected by spots with the marginal band. 

The markings are very variable. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 62 millim. 

Genus GENUSA. 

Genusa, Wlk. Cat. iv, p. 818 (1855). 

Type, G. bigutta, Wlk. 

Range. Calcutta; Burma; Malacca; Sumatra. 

Palpi porrect, reaching far beyond the frons, slender and slightly 
fringed with hair; antennae bipectinated to apex, the branches 
longer in the male than the female ; hind tibiae not dilated ; 
frenulum absent ; the wings scantily clotned with small scales and 
hair. Fore wing with the costa arched : the outer margin oblique ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8,9 stalked from before upper 
angle; 10 free; 11 anastomosing slightly with 12. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 




312 GEOMETRID^l. 

3554. Genusa bigutta, Wlk. Cat. iv, p. 818; C. $ S. no. 893. 
Genusa destituta, Wlk. Cat. xxxii, p. 341. 

Yellowish white; thorax and abdomen dorsally spotted with black. 

Fore wing with black 
spot at base ; very indis- 
tinct oblique ante- and 
postmedial double series 
of pale fuscous blotches 
and traces of a subraar- 
ginal series. Hind wing 
with traces of postmedial 
Fig. 147.— Genusa bigutta, $. \. and submarginal macu- 

late bands. 

Hah. Calcutta ; Moulmein ; Malacca ; Cambodia ; Sumatra. 
Exp. 44 millim. 

Genus MILIONIA. 

Milionia, Wlk. Cat. ii, p. 364 (1854). 

Epidesma, Hiibn. Verz. p. 176 (? 1818), non descr. 

Type, M. glaum, Cram. 

Mange. China ; N.E. India ; Burma : the Malayan subregion ; 
New Guinea and neighbouring groups. 

Palpi porrect, reaching just beyond the frons, the 2nd joint 
stout and thickly scaled, the 3rd porrect; antennae of male 
thickened by appressed serrations and minutely ciliated ; abdomen 
of male hairy below, the claspers large ; hind tibiae dilated with a 
fold containing a tuft of long hair. Fore wing with the costa 
straight ; the outer margin obliquely rounded ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10 absent; 11 free. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7 from before upper angle. 

3555. Milionia glauca, Cram. Pap. Exot, iv, pi. 368, fig. D ; C. $ S. 

no. 3094. 
Epidesma pyrrho, Hiibn. Verz. p. 176. 

Black, shot with blue, which is most brilliant at base of hind 
wing. Eore wing with a broad orange band from costa beyond 
middle to outer angle, towards which it becomes crimson. 

Some specimens have some crimson on fore wing near base 
below median nervure. 

Hob. Tenasserim ; Amboina ; Ceram. Exp. 70 millim. 

3556. Milionia pulchrinervis, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 104, fig. 6 : C.$ S. 

no. 3096. 
Milionia lativitta, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 570 ; C. $ S. no. 3095. 

Differs from glauca in not being shot with blue, but the veins 
of both wings on upper and under sides brilliant metallic blue to 
the middle. Eore wing ^ith the band wider, more oblique, and 
orange throughout. 

Hab. Sikhim : Sylhet. Exp. 70 millim. 



MILIONIA. 313 

3557. Milionia luculenta, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 423, pi. 43, fig. 3. 

2 • Differs from glauca in the band of the fore wing being 
crimson except at costa, narrower, and reaching the inner margin 
before the angle. Hind wing with a medial crimson speck above 
vein 7, and slightly sinuous narrow band from vein 6 to inner 
margin. 

Hab. Andamans. Exp. 62 millim. 

3558. Milionia zonea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 569 ; C. $ S. no. 3098. 
Milionia pyrozonis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) x, p. 375; C. fy & 

no. 3097. 
Milionia sharpei, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) xviii, p. 7. 

Differs from pulchrinervis in the hind wing having a broad 
orange band occupying the outer third of the wing, with five sub- 
marginal black spots on the veins. 




Fig. 148. — Milionia zonea, $ . 



The form pyrozonis , from Burma, has the band of both wings 
crimson, whilst sharpei, from Borneo, has the band dark orange 
and slightly narrower. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Assam ; Tavoy ; Tenasserim ; Borneo. Exp. 
64 millim. 

Subfamily (ENOCHROMIN^E. 

Hind wing with vein 5 present, and from about the middle of 
discocellulars except in Sarcinocles ; vein 8 free and approximated 
to 7 to near middle of cell. 

The subfamily consists of a few genera not having any very close 
affinities, and representing divergent developments of the primitive 
Geometrid stock. 

Key to the Genera. 

A. Antennae with uniseriate branches in 
both sexes. 
a. Palpi porrect, reaching far beyond 
the frons and broadly fringed with 
hair; hind wing with vein 5 from 
middle of discocellulars ; the frenu- 
lum aborted 1. Abraxaphantes,p. 314. 



314 



GEOMETRIC^. 



b. Palpi stout, oblique, and reaching just 
beyond a sharp frontal tuft ; hind 
wing with vein 5 stalked with 6 ; 

the frenulum fully developed 2. Sarcinodes, p, 315. 

B. Antennas not uniseriate ; apex of each 
wing much produced. 

a. Palpi slender and reaching far beyond 

the frons; antennas of c? bipectinated. 3. Loxorhombia, p. 316. 

b. Palpi not extending beyond the frons ; 

antennae of <$ almost simple. 
a'. Fore wing with vein 10 given off 

from 11, and anastomosing with 

8, 9 to form an areole 4. Paljeomystis, p. 317. 

b'. Fore wing with vein 10 free; 11 

anastomosing with 12 5. Doratoptera, p. 318. 

Genus ABRAXAPHANTES. 

Abraxaphantes, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 374 (1894). 

Type, A. peramjpla, Swinh. 

Mange. Burma. 

Palpi reaching far beyond the frons, and fringed with hair on 
both sides ; antennas pectinated, with short uniseriate branches in 
both sexes ; abdomen long and deep ; male with the claspers very 
large ; the frenulum reduced to a slender hair and non-functional, 
the retinaculum being absent ; wings long and narrow. Pore wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before 
upper angle; 10 and 11 stalked. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell, 7 from before upper angle. 

3559. Abraxaphantes perampla, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 211. 

White ; palpi and frons fiery orange ; head and thorax spotted 
with black. Pore wing with numerous black spots on the basal and 




Fig. 149. — Abraxaphantes perampla, $. \. 



costal areas and in the cell ; a large spot at end of cell, with a 
broad oblique band from below it forking towards inner margin ; 
both wings with submarginal, marginal, and cilial series of spots, 



ABKAXAPHAXTES. — SAECINODES. 315 

the 1st series with no spot on vein 4. Hind wing with black spots 
on costal area ; ante- and postmedial maculate bands and a spot at 
end of cell. 

Hab. Burma. Exp. 78 millim. 

Genus SARCINODES. — 

Sarcinodes, Guen. Plial. i, p. 188 (1857). 
Mergana, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 292 (1860). 
Auxima, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1526 (1862). 

Type, S. camearia, Guen. 

Mange. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sumatra ; Borneo. 

Palpi upturned and thickly fringed with hair, the 3rd joint 
naked and porrect ; antennae with short uniseriate branches to two- 
thirds length in both sexes. Thorax and abdomen stout. lore 
wing with the costa straight ; the apex produced and acute ; vein 
3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from near upper angle ; 6, 7, 8, 9 
stalked ; 10, 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle 
of cell ; 5 and 6 stalked ; 7 from before upper angle. 

3560. Sarcinodes restitutaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1527 ; Butl. III. 
Set. vi, pi. 115, figs. 1, 2 ; C. $ S. no. 3239. S 
Auxima restitutaria, var. segrota, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi ; p. 125 ; 

id. El. Het. vi, pi. ] 15, figs. 3, 4 ; C. $ S. no. 3234. 
Auxima sumatraria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1577. 

Pale pink, suffused with chestnut and slightly striated with 
fuscous. Fore wing with very faint traces of curved ante- and 
postmedial lines ; a double line filled in with grey from apex of 
fore wing to middle of inner margin of hind wing ; a submarginal 
series of indistinct grey specks on the veins. Underside with 




oblique rufous postmedial line ; a series of black specks on the 
veins beyond it ; a submarginal series of white specks. 

The variety cegrota has hardly a trace of pink ; dark submarginal 
blotches above vein 4 of each wing are sometimes present. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sumatra. Exp. 72 millim. 



316 GEOMETRID^. 

3561. Sarcinodes debitaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1527; Butt. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 114, fig. 12 ; C. $ S. no. 3237. 

Yellow, slightly irrorated and striated with fuscous. Fore wing 
with waved and curved subbasal line ; a speck at end of cell ; an 
oblique line with white and pinkish suffusion on its inner edge 
from the apex to middle of inner margin of hind wing, which has 
also a dark antemedial line ; cilia of both wings brown. Under- 
side much greyer and more striated ; a series of black points re- 
placing the oblique line, and commencing with a spot on the costa 
of fore wing. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 

3562. Sarcinodes lilacina, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 234 ■ C. $ 8. no. 3238. 
Sarcinodes susana, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 488. J> 

S . Differs from debitaria in being pale pink. Fore wing with 
the oblique line bright orange on a pale yellow band. Underside 
with medial oblique red line with purple beyond it from lower 
angle of cell of fore wing to inner margin of hind wing. 

The form susana is bright yellow, spotted and blotched with 
purplish pink, and with a marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 60 millim. 

3563. Sarcinodes carnearia, Guen. Thai, i, p. 188 ; C. $ S. no. 3236. 
Mergana bilineata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 624. ^ 

Differs from restitutaria in having an oblique rufous line from 
costa of fore wing beyond middle to inner margin of hind wing 
before middle ; the line from apex rufous, single, and with a narrow 
belt of grey on its inner edge. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 60-66 millim. 

3564. Sarcinodes aequilinearia, Wlk. Cat. xxi, p. 292 ; JButl. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 115, figs. 5, 6 ; C. $ S. no. 3235. 
Auxinia trilineata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1576. 

Pinkish grey, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with three 
equidistant oblique rufous lines with slight olive suffusion 
beyond them, the outer from the apex ; hind wing with 
ante- and postmedial lines ; both wings with a series of white and 
dark submarginal specks ; the cilia and costa of fore wing rufous. 
Underside as in debitaria ; the outer area of hind wing suffused 
with brown, and with yellow patches between veins 4 and 5 and 
at outer angle. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 64 millim. 



Genus L0X0RH0MBIA. 

Loxorhombia, Wan: Nov. Zool. p. 369 (1894). 

Type, L. idea, Swinh. 
Range. Burma. 



LOXORHOMBIA. — PAL^IOMTSTIS. 



317 



Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint roughly scaled and reaching far 
beyond the frons, the 3rd long and naked ; antennae of male bi- 
pectinated to three-fourths length ; abdomen and legs long and 
slender • frenulum very slender. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from just above middle 
of discocellulars ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 10, 11 
stalked, anastomosing with 12, then 10 with 8, 9. Hind wing with 
the outer margin produced to a point at vein 7 ; 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars. 



3565. Loxorhombia idea, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 
fiff. 2. 



1890, p. 211, pi. 7, 



3 . Grey, striated and suffused with 




-Loxorhombia idea 



and submarginal lines ; a fine black marginal line. 
Hob. Upper Burma; Bassein. Kvp. 42 millim. 



fuscous. Fore wing with 
the costa not suffused ; a 
speck at end of cell ; an 
oblique pale and dark line 
from apex to middle of 
inner margin; an indis- 
tinct, oblique, waved sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing 
with oblique pale and dark 
antemedial, postmedial, 



Genus PAL^JOMYSTIS. 

Palseomystis, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 379 (1894). 

Type, P. falcataria, Moore. 

Range. Tibet ; Sikhim. 

Palpi porrect, slight, and not extending beyond the frons ; an- 
tennae somewhat thickened by appressed serrations ; frenulum very 
slender. Fore wing somewhat produced and acute at apex ; vein 




Fig. 152. — Palcsomystis falcataria, $. \. 



3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 7, 8, 
9 stalked; 10, 11 stalked, and 10 anastomosing with 8, 9. Hind 
wing with the outer margin produced to a point at vein 7 ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 7 from 
just before upper angle. 



318 geometkidjE. 

3566. PalaBomystis falcataria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 613 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3104. 
Metrocampa unio, Oberth. Et. Ent. xi, p. 32, pi. vi, fig. 43. 

d . White, with a slight yellow tinge and fuscous irroration. 
Each wing with slightly curved fuscous antemedial line; oblique 
postmedial line joined at vein 2 by a curved line ; a curved sub- 
marginal line. 

Bab. Tibet ; Sikhim. Exp. 44 milliin. 



Genus D0RAT0PTERA, nov. 

Type, D. nicevillei, Hmpsn. 

Eange. Sikhim. 

Palpi porrect and clothed with hair ; frons produced to a 
rounded prominence ; vertex of head with a large conical tuft ; 
antennae minutely ciliated. Fore wing with the apex extremely 
produced and acute, the outer margin forming a continuous curve 
with the inner margin ; veins 2, 3, and 4 curved, 3 from before 
end of cell ; 5 very slender ; 7, 8, 9 stalked to near apex ; 10 free ; 
11 anastomosing with 12 ; a fringe of hair on the upperside below 
vein 1 . Hind wing with the apex arched and produced to a point 
at vein 7 ; 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 very slender. 

3567. Doratoptera nicevillei, n. sp. 

S . Pale ochreous ; frons brownish. Wings of a satiny texture ; 
fore wing with pale golden-brown streaks on the costa, the veins, 
and in the interspaces. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 60 millim. Type in B. M. 




Fig. 153. — Doratoptera nicevillei, J. \. 



Subfamily ORTHOSTIXIN.E. 

Hind wing with vein 5 present and from about middle of disco- 
cellulars, except in Alex ; vein 8 connected with 7 by an oblique 
bar near base, then rapidly diverging from it. 

A small but fairly compact subfamily, not far removed from the 
primitive Greometrid stock. 



CELERENA. 319 

Key to the Genera. 

A. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked and 

anastomosing with 12. 

a. Palpi slight and reaching just beyond the 

frons, which is rounded ; antennae of S 
fringed with short scales at middle ; hind 
tibia and 1st joint of tarsus much dilated. 1. Celerena, p. 319. 

b. Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints thickly 

scaled and reaching beyond the sharp 
frontal tuft ; fore wing with the apex 
somewhat produced 4. Alex, p. 322. 

B. Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing with 

12 and then with 10 ; palpi upturned and 
reaching vertex of head ; antennae and legs 
long and slender 2. Eumelea, p. 320. 

C. Fore wing with veins 9, 10, 11 stalked, anas- 

tomosing with 12, or connected with it by a 
bar ; hind tibiae without spurs or with only 
the terminal pair 6. Naxa, p. 324. 

D. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 

a. Fore wing with vein 11 free; antennae of 

<$ bipectinated, with short branches .... 3. Iotaphora, p. 322. 

b. Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing with 

12 and then with 10, which again anas- 
tomoses with 8, 9 ; antennae of $ ciliated. 5. Noreia, p. 324. 

E. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10 

absent. 

a. Fore wing with vein 11 becoming coincident 

with 12 ; the apex rounded ; hind wing 
with veins 6, 7 stalked ; legs and antennae 
very long and slender , 7. Rambara, p. 326. 

b. Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing with 

12, and then with 8, 9 ; the apex pro- 
duced ; hind wing with veins 6, 7 from 
cell 8. Ozola, p. 327. 

Genus CELERENA. 
Celerena, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc. ser. 3, i, p. 71 (1862). 

Type, C. divisa, Wlk. 

Mange. Sikhim ; Assam ; Sylhet ; Burma ; Andamans ; Moluccas ; 
Austro-Malayan subregion. 

Palpi porrect and reaching beyond the frons ; antennas of m^e 
fringed with short scales at middle ; large tufts of hair from the 
base of coxae and abdomen ; hind tibiae immensely dilated, con- 
taining flocculent masses of hair, and with a large terminal trian- 
gular process on the outer side ; the 1st joint of tarsi dilated into 
a large lobe on the inner side. Fore wing long, with the outer 
margin oblique ; male with a fold fringed with scales in the cell ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
7,8, 9 stalked; 10, 11 stalked, anastomosing with 12, and 10 
nearly touching 8, 9. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 7 from before upper 
angle. 



320 



GEOMETRIC. 



3568. Celerena divisa, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc ser. 3, i, p. 72 ; Butt. III. 
Het. vi, pi. 113, tig. 1 ; C.&S. no. 3100. 

Bright yellow. Fore wing with the base of costa lilacine grey, 
as far as the medial black band, which is angled on discocellulars 
and terminates at vein 2 ; both wings with a curved postmedial 
band running to outer angle, the area beyond it lilacine grey. 
Underside of fore wing with a fuscous streak on vein 2 joining 
the medial and postmedial bands. 

Hob. Sikhim • Sylhet ; Sibsagar. Exp. 76 millim. 




Celerena divisa, <$. 



3569. Celerena andamana, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 130, fig. 18 ; C. fy S- 
no. 3099. 

Differs from divisa in the medial and postmedial bands of the 
fore wing being reduced to lines and nearer the margin ; under- 
side with no fuscous on vein 2. 

Eab. Tenasserim ; Andamans. Exp. 62 millim. 



Genus EUMELEA. 
Eunielea, Euncan, Jardine's Nat. Libr. xxxii, p. 215 (1841). 

Type, E. rosalia, Cram. 

Range. China ; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; the 
Malayan and Austro-Malayan subregions. 

Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint thickly scaled, the 3rd porrect 
and naked ; antennas very long and slender ; legs long and slender; 
the hind tibiae fringed with hair. Tore wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from upper angle ; 11 anas- 
tomosing with 12. and then with 10. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked. 

3570. Eumelea rosalia, Cram. Pap. Exot, iv, p. 152, pi. 3€8, fig. F ; 
C. $ S. no. 3545. 
Phalsena ^ulpenaria, Cram. Tap. Exot.'w, p. 245, pi. 400, figs. O, P ; 

C. 8f S. no. 3546. 
Phalsena gravidata, Fair. Ent. Syst. iii, 2, p. 175. 
Ametris punicearia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 303. 



EUMELEA. 



321 



Eiimelia feliciata, Guen. Thai, i, p. 393; C. $ S. no. 3540. 
Euinelia fiorinata, Guen. Thai, i, p. 392. *-f 
Eumelia ludovicata, Guen. Thai, i, p. 393 ; C. fy S. no. 3544. 
Euinelia flavata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 440, pi. 198, fig. 3; 
C. Sr S. no. 3543. 

Bright orange-yellow, thickly irroratecl with crimson. Eore 
wing with indistinct anteinedial, medial, and submarginal crimson 
bands ; hind wing with medial and submarginal bands. Underside 
with the crimson bands more prominent. 




Fig. 155. — Eumelea rosalia, tf. 



In typical rosalia the crimson becomes the dominant colour » 
ludovicata is much more orange, with the bands diffused ; flavata is 
yellow, with the medial band well-defined and narrow ; vulpenaria 
is much browner, especially in the male, with the crimson bands 
well-defined and narrow, and some yellow on outer margin of hind 
wing. 

Hah. China ; Formosa, throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; 
the Malayan and Austro-Malayan subregions. Exp., S 50, 
$ 60 miliim. 

3571. Eumelea olivacea, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. Ill, pi. 151, fig. 17. 

S . Differs from rosalia in being olive-brown, irrorated with 
dark specks, and with no trace of crimson ; fore wing with the 
antemedial band and both wings with the medial band dark ; no 
trace of submarginal band on the upperside. 

Bab. Sikhim ; Nilgiris. Exp. 50 miliim. 

3572. Eumelea aureliata, Guen. Thai, i, p. 394 Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 198, figs. 4,4a; C. $ S. no. 3539. / 

Differs from rosalia in being yellow, irrorated with orange 
specks ; the bands obsolete. Eore wing with two purplish spots 
on costa ; a large spot on inner margin beyond middle ; an indis- 
tinct submarginal series of spots. Hind wing with spot at end of 
cell ; a postinedial series commencing with a large blotch on the 
costa ; a submarginal series. 

Hab. Eormosa ; Assam ; Canara ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma ; 
Nicobars. Exp., d 50, $ 60 miliim. 

YOL. III. Y 



322 GEOMETRIC. 



Genus IOTAPHORA. 

Iotaphora, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 384 (1894). 
Iotaphora, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 168. 

Type, /. iridicolor, Butl. 

Range. Tibet ; Sikhhn ; Khasis. 

Palpi porrect and hairy ; a rounded frontal prominence ; an- 
tennse of male bipectinated, with short stiff branches ; hind tibia? 
dilated with a fold containing a tuft of hair. Fore wing with the 
apex arched ; vein 3 from the angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 
free. Hind wing with the margin crenulate ; vein 3 from close to 
angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars. 

3573. Iotaphora iridicolor, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi. p. 227 ; id. Ill 
Het. vi, pi. 113, fig. 3 j C. 8f S. no. 3101. 
Metrocampaa dmirabilis, Oberth. Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1883, p. lxxxiv. 

S . Pale orange-yellow ; palpi black at sides. Pore wing with 
a black spot at base of costa, which is whitish ; a curved ante- 
medial orange line ; a broad medial band ; a prominent black 




Fig. 156. — Iotaphora iridicolor, <$ . \. 

lunule on discocellulars ; both wings with a postmedial orange line 
excurved between veins 2 and 4, and a series of submarginal black 
streaks on the veins and in the interspaces. 

Hob. Tibet ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 56 millim. 

Genus ALEX. 

Alex, Wlk. Cat, xxvi, p. 1753 (1862). 
Gamoruna, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 265 (1888). 
Geoglada, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 184. 

Type, A. nigrozonata, Wlk. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint reaching beyond the sharp frontal 
tuft and clothed with hair, the 3rd long and naked. Pore wing 
somewhat produced and acute at apex ; vein 3 from near angle of 
cell; 5 from middle of discocellulars; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10, 11 
stalked and anastomosing with 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars. 



ALEX. 323 

Sect. I. (Alex). Antennae of male bipectinated , with short branches 
ending in a long spine ; hind wing of male with vein 5 stalked 
with 6. 

3574. Alex nigrozonata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1754. 

Panama palparia, Wlk. Cat, xxiii, p. 988 ; C. $ S. no. 3686. 
Orgaliina continuaria, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1617. 
Alex indica, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 368. 

Yellowish brown, irrorated with black ; frons and palpi black. 
Fore wing with traces of ante- and postmedial lines ; a speck at 
end of cell ; an oblique ferruginous line from the apex to inner 




Fig. 157. — Alex nigrozonata, J. \. 

margin of hind wing before middle ; a submarginal series of specks 
on blackish patches ; cilia ochreous at base, black at tips. Under- 
side much more irrorated and blotched with black. 

Some females are much yellower brown. 

Hab. Khasis ; Borneo. Exp., S 52, $ 54 milliin. 

Sect. II. (Geoglada). Antennae of male ciliated ; hind wing with 
vein 5 from above middle of discocellulars. 

3575. Alex helicola, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 184. J 

Differs from nigrozonata in the submarginal black specks not 
being on blackish patches ; underside of fore wing with the post- 
medial line obsolete. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., $ 52, $ 44 millim. 

3576. Alex nigripuncta, Hmpsn. III. Set. viii, p. 114, pi. 151, fig. 18. 

Differs from nigrozonata in being grey. I"ore wing with the 
antemedial line represented by specks on median nervure and 
vein 1 ; no trace of the postmedial line ; the ferruginous line less 
oblique, medial on the hind wing ; no series of submarginal specks, 
but a large black spot above inner margin of fore wing beyond the 
oblique line. 

Some females are reddish grey, and without the black spot. 

Hab. Nilgiri plateau ; Ceylon; Borneo. Exp. 54-60 millim. 

y2 



324 



GEOMETEIDjE. 



Genus NOREIA. 
Noreia, Wlk Cat. xxiv, p. 1092 (1862). 

Type, N. ajaia, Wlk., from Singapore and Java. 

Range. Assam Hills ; Travancore ; Ceylon ; Singapore ; Borneo ; 
Java. 

Palpi upturned and reaching vertex of head ; antennae of male 
ciliated; hind tibiae with a slight ridge of scales on inner side. 
Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked ; 11 anastomosing with 12, then with 10, which again 
anastomoses with 8, 9. Hind wing with vein 3 from just before 
angle of cell, 7 from just before upper angle. 

3577. Noreia perdensata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1092. 
Noreia ajaia, C. 8? S. no. 3229 (nee Wlk.). 

Dark purplish grey. Fore wing with antemedial rufous line 

slightly angled on median 
nervure and vein 1 ; a dark 
speck at end of cell ; an ob- 
lique rufous line from apex 
of fore wing to inner margin 
beyond middle. Hind wing 
with speck at end of cell 
and slightly curved post- 
medial rufous line. 

In the typical Singapore 
and Javan species ajaia the male has the area below lower angle of 
cell on underside hairy, especially on vein 2. 

Hab. Khasis; Nagas ; Travancore; Ceylon. Exp. 38 millim. 




Fig. 158. — Noreia perdensata, rf. 



Genus NAXA.- - 

Naxa, Wlk. Cat. vii, p. 1742 (1856). 
Psilonaxa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 343. 

Type, JSf. textilis, Wlk. 

Range. Amur; Japan; Himalayas; Assam; Burma; Nilgiris 
Ceylon ; Borneo. 

Palpi very minute. Fore wing with the apex rounded ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 7, 8 stalked from before upper angle ; 
9, 10, 11 stalked and anastomosing or connected with 12, and 9 
with 8. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from 
middle of discocellulars ; 7 from before upper angle. 

Sect. I. Frenulum absent ; hind tibiae not dilated and 
without spurs. 

A. (Naxa). Antennce lijpectinated in both sexes. 

3578. Naxa textilis, Wlk. Cat. vii, p. 1743; C. $ S. no. 3746. 
Bombycodes cypraria, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 219. 



naxa. 325 

Orthostixis hiigeli, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 130, fig. 19; C. $ S. 

no. 3748. 
Naxa guttulata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 377. 

Scantily clothed with white hair ; tegulae with black spots ; 
wings semidiaphanous. Fore wing with black streak on base 




Fig. 159. — Naxa textilis, $ . 



of costa ; three anteniedial black spots on the nervures ; both 
wings with a white-centred spot at end of cell ; submarginal and 
marginal series of specks ; legs marked with black. 

In the form hugeli, from the Amur, N.W. Himalayas, S. India, 
Ceylon, and Borneo, the submarginal series of specks are further 
from the margin and less black than in typical textilis from 
N.E. Bengal. 

Hab. Amur ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Assam ; 
Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Borneo. Ea%>. 44-58 millim. 

B. (Psilonaxa). Antenna? serrate in both sexes. 

3579. Naxa seriaria, Motsch. Bull. Soe. Nat. Mosc. 1866, pt. 1, p. 196. 
Orthostixis laetata, Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 84 (nee Fabr.). 
Zerene taicoumaria, de I'Orza, Cat. Lep. Jap. p. 48. 
Orthostixis bremeraria, Stand. Cat. no. 2241. 

Psilonaxa obliterata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 393, pi. 31, fig. 10. 

Differs from textilis in the cell-spots not having white centres, 
In the Japanese seriaria the spots are large and black; in 
the Indian obliterata small and fuscous. 

Hab. Amur ; Japan ; Bhutan ; Nagas. Exp. 40-42 millim. 

Sect. II. Frenulum present ; antennae bipectinated ; hind tibiae of 
male very much dilated and with a small terminal pair of 
spurs. 

3580. Naxa orthostigialis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 343. 

3 . Differs from textilis hi the cell-spots not having white 
centres, and with series of spots on the veins below them ; the 
submarginal series straighter and further from the margin. 

Hab. Bhutan : Nagas. Exp. 46 millim. 



326 geometkid^e. 

Genus RAMBARA. 
Rambara, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. m, p. 458 (1887). 

Type, M. saponaria, Guen. 

Range. Madagascar; Formosa; throughout India, Ceylon, and 
Burma ; Andamans ; Borneo ; Java ; and Australian region. 

Palpi porrect and hairy ; antennae loug and slender, minutely 
serrate in male, ciliated in female ; legs very long and slender ; 
fore tibiae short ; hind tibiae with fold and tuft, and without spurs 
in male. Pore wing with vein 3 from long before angle of cell ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle; 10 absent ; 11 becoming 
coincident with 12. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of 
cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked. 

3581. Eambara saponaria, Guen. Thai, \\, p. 16 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. 

iii, pi. 203, fig. 8 ; C. $ S. no. 3964. / 
Zanclopteryx fragilis, Butt. P. Z. S. 1880, p. 687. 

White ; abdomen with black band or spots on 2nd segment ; 
wings semihyaline. Fore wing with an antemedial series of three 
fulvous spots, nearly joined on inner margin by a curved post- 
medial series ; a black spot at end of cell. Hind wing with fulvous 
spot at end of cell and curved postmedial series, excurved between 
veins 2 and 5 ; both wings with marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Formosa; Travancore ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 20 millim. 

3582. Rambara infelix, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 858, pi. 56, fig. 13; 

C. 8r S. no. 3963. 

$ . Differs from saponaria in having no black mark on 
abdomen ; fore wing with no black spot at end of cell ; hardly 
a trace of fulvous spots ; a few fulvous specks on costa and some 
fulvous scales on outer and inner areas of each wing. 

Hab. Poona ; Khandala. Exp. 20 millim. 

3583. Rambara ochreicostalis, Ilmpsn, III. Set. ix, p. 150, pi. 169, 

fig. "21. 2.. 
Differs from saponaria in having no black mark on the abdomen. 

Pore wing with a broad, pale, 
fulvous costal fascia ; the 
antemedial series of specks 
curved and well separated 
from the oblique postmedial 
series, which consists of 
distinct lunules ; a sub- 

Fig. IW.-Bambc^ochreicostalis, tf. *. marginal series of fulvous 

spots, not extending to apex. 
Hind wing with a submarginal series of fulvous spots. 

Hab. Ceylon; Burma; Andamans; Malacca; Nias. Exp. 
30 millim. 




RAMBAKA, OZOLA. 327 

3584. Rainbara satelliata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1636. 

Kambara dentifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 256 ; C. 8f S. no. 3962. 
Rambara efila, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 168. 

Pare white ; both wings with trilobate white-centred disco- 
cellular spot ; a small spot on middle of inner margin ; traces 
of postmedial specks, and marginal series of black specks ; fore 
wing with black subapical lunule, and a small fuscous mark 
on margin below apex. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Sula. Exp. 32 millim. 

Grenus OZOLA. 

Ozola, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1080 (1862). 
Carima, Wlk. Cat. xxvi. p. 1630 (1862). 
Zarmigethusa, W Ik. Cat. xxvi, p. 1637. 
Tosaura, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 15. 

Type, 0. mieroniaria, Wlk. 

Range. Throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma ; the Malayan 
and Austro-Malayan subregions. 

Palpi porrect, clothed with hair and reaching beyond the frons ; 
antennae of male ciliated ; abdomen and legs long and slender ; 
hind tibiae dilated with a fold containing a tuft of hair. Fore 
wing long and narrow, with the apex produced ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9 stalked from before upper angle ; 
10 absent; 11 anastomosing with 12 and then with 8, 9. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from just above 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the outer margin not excised below apex. 

3585. Ozola picaria, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 16, pi. 1, 

fig. 16. & 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, spotted with black ; wings 
white, with reddish-fuscous spots and blotches. Pore wing 
with the costa almost entirely dark ; the blotches forming a 
broad almost entire antemedial band ; a medial patch on costa ; 
the outer area almost entirely dark, except at middle, where it is 
broken by the white ground-colour. Hind wing with spot at end 
of cell and very incomplete postmedial, submarginal, and marginal 
series of spots. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

Sect. II. Pore wing with the outer margin excised below apex. 

A. Fore wing with the costa not excised ; hind wing with the 
outer margin rounded. 

3586. Ozola falcipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 266, pi. 8, fig. 29 

C. # 8. no. 3724. J ~* 

Differs from picaria in the fuscous markings having no red tinge, 



328 GEOMETRIC. 

and reduced on the fore wing to a basal patch ; a curved ante- 
medial band ; a medial spot below costa ; a subinarginal band 
interrupted at middle ; a marginal band from apax to vein 4 ; 
a few striga? on the costa, and small postmedial spots. Hind wing 
as in picaria, except that an apical fuscous patch is present. 
Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 40 millim. 

t'3587. Ozola macariata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1637. / d 

Pale ochreous brown, irrorated with black. Tore wing with 
curved antemedial line ; speck at end of cell ; two postmedial 
lines, the inner nearly straight, the outer excurved between the 
costa and vein 2 and joined to the inner line at costal and inner 
margins ; an oblique subapical bar ; dark patches on outer margin 
below apex and above outer angle ; a marginal series of black 
specks. Hind wing with medial line ; a postmedial curved line 
rising from the same point on the costa as the medial line ; traces 
of submarginal line and marginal series of black specks. 

Hab. Khasis ; Ceram ; Alu. Exp. 30-32 millim. 

3588. Ozola microniaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1080; Moore, Lep: 

Ceyl. iii, pi. 204, figs. 9, 10; C. $ S. no. 3687. 
Phihalapteiyx acutata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1340. 
Zarmigethusa minor, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 264 ; C. fy S. no. 3660. 

Differs from macariata in the fore wing being rather broader ; 
the antemedial line further from the base ; the two postmedial 
lines angled below the costa and separate ; a submarginal series of 
specks instead of the subapical bar. Hind wing with the medial 
line closer to the postmedial. 

Some specimens are reddish, with nearly the whole outer area of 
fore wiug suffused with fuscous; the Dharmsala form has dark 
suffusion between the postmedial lines of fore wing and between 
the medial and postmedial lines of hind wing. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Khasis ; Calcutta ; Ganjam ; Nilgiris ; 
Ceylon. Exp. 28 millim. 

B. Hind wing ivith the outer margin produced to a point at vein 6, 
especially in the male. 

3589. Ozola extersaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 926 ; C. $ 8. no. 3659. 

Differs from macariata in the lines being less distinct; fore 

wing with the two post- 
medial lines separate, angled 
below the costa, then ob- 
lique ; the area beyond them 
suffused with rufous ; an 
indistinct submarginal series 

of specks. Hind wing with 
Fig. 161.-0*** extersaria, rf. \. ^ three lineg mQre distinct 

and regular; a black speck at end of cell. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 




ozola. 329 

C. Fore wing with the costa excised beyond the middle. 
3590. Ozola biangulifera, Moore, Lcp. Atk. p. 263 ; C. $ S. no. 3658. £ 

(5 . Pale reddish ochreous. Tore wing with the antemedial 
line double and angled below the costa ; the speck at end of cell 
on an oblique quadrate patch ; the postmedial lines treble, close 
together, and with a dark spot on them below vein 2 ; a sub- 
marginal series of specks prominent towards costa; a marginal 
series of specks. Hind wing with speck or spot at end of cell ; 
double postmedial line; subinarginaland marginal series of specks. 

Some specimens are pale, with the markings dark. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 



Subfamily LARENTIIN^]. 

Palpi usually reaching well beyond the frons, and with the 2nd 
joint hairy. Fore wing with vein 10 from the cell or stalked 
with 11, and usually with a single or double areole ; in the genus 
Cataclysme veins 6, 7 are stalked, this modification having probably 
arisen from part of vein 8 forming the outer wall of what was a 
double areole having become aborted. Hind wing with vein 5 
fully developed * ; 6, 7 usually stalked ; 8 usually anastomosing 
with 7 to beyond middle of cell, but often running close along it 
and connected with it by an oblique bar beyond the middle. 



Key to the Genera. 

A. Hind wing with vein 8 connected with 7 by 
a bar near middle of cell in both sexes. 

a. Palpi clothed with scales and hardly 

reaching beyond the frons. 
a . Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked, 
10 anastomosing with 8, 9 to form a 
single areole. 
a 2 . Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from 

cell . . 3. Naxidia, p. 334. 

b 2 . Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked. 

a 3 . Hind wing with vein 8 bifurcate [p. 333. 

near apex 1. Leptostegna, 

b 3 . Hind wing with vein 8 not bi- [p. 333. 

furcate 2. Pseudeuchlora, 

b'. Fore wing with vein 10 anastomosing 
with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form a 
double areole 4. Dysethia, p. 335. 

b. Palpi clothed with long hair and reaching 

far beyond the frons. 
a'. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. 
a 2 . Outer margin of both wings rounded ; 

hind wing with veins 3, 4 from cell. 5. Cryptoloba,p.336. 
b 2 . Outer margin of both wings angled. 
a 3 . Fore wing with vein 10 given off 



* 



Except in Microloba, J . 



330 GEOMETRIDJ3. 

from 11, and anastomosing with 
8, 9 to form an areole ; hind wing 

with veins 3, 4 stalked 6. Lobogonia, p. 338. 

b 3 . Fore wing with veins 7, 8 ; 9, 10 ; 11 

stalked 8. Goniopteroloba, 

b'. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked. [p. 339. 

a 2 . Outer margin of both wings angled ; 
fore wing with vein 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8, 9 to form the areole. 9. Carige, p. 340. 
b 2 . Outer margin of both wings rounded ; 
fore wing with veins 10 and 11 
anastomosing with 8, 9 to form the 

areole 7. Syzeuxis, p. 339. 

B. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing with 7 
to middle of cell *. 
a. Fore wing with vein 10 anastomosing 
with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form a 
double areole. 
a'. Hind tibiae with the medial pair of 
spurs absent. 
a 2 . Palpi porrect and extremely long, 
the 2nd joint being at least twice 
the length of head. 
a 3 . Abdomen extremely long ; hind 

wing with veins 6, 7 from cell . . 31. Phthonoloba, 
b 3 . Abdomen short; hind wing with [p. 407. 

veins 6, 7 stalked 28. Trichopteryx, 

& 2 . Palpi minute ; fore wing long and [p. 404. 

narrow 41. Lycaugidia, 

b'. Hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. [p. 424. 

a 2 . Hind wing with the costa highly 

arched and vein 8 curved, especially 

in male. 

a 3 . Frons rounded and smooth ; palpi 

upturned ; male with four tufts 

on inner area of fore wing 20. Callabraxas, 

b 3 . Frons with a sharp tuft; palpi [p. 383. 

porrect. 
a 4 . Palpi with the 3rd joint pro- 
minent and smoothly scaled . . 21. Gandaritis, p. 384. 
£ 4 . Palpi with the 3rd joint short 
and buried in hair ; male with 
tufts of long hair below cell of 

fore wing 19. Photoscotosia, 

b 2 . Hind wing with the costa and vein 8 [p. 380. 

nearly straight. 
a 3 . Hind wing with vein 5 from or 
from above middle of disco- 
cellulars, which are oblique. 
a i . Hind wing with vein 6 present. 
a 5 . Fore wing with the apex 
much produced and the outer 
margin oblique ; hind wing 
of male with the inner area re- 
duced to a small fold at base. 11. Anaitis, p. 341. 

* Except in the males of the Bocirava section of Anaitis, of Brabira, and in 
some species of Trichopteryx. 



lakentii:n^e. 331 

b 6 . Fore wing with the apex rect- 
angular or hardly produced. 
a ti . Frons with a short sharp 
tuft. 
a 7 . Hind wing with the apex 
extending considerably 
beyond outer angle of 
fore wing, which has 
the outer margiu ob- 
lique 12. Eubolia, p. 343. 

b 7 . Hind wing with the 
apex not extending 
beyond outer angle 
of fore wing, which 
has the outer margin 
suberect. 
a 8 . Hind wing with the 
outer margin highly 

crenulate 14. Phibalapteryx, 

b s . Hind wing with the [p. 346. 

outer margin not cre- 
nulate. 
rt 9 . Palpi short ; the outer 
margin of each wing 

rounded 16. Cidaria, p. 349. 

6 9 . Palpi long; the outer 
margin of each wing- 
angled 17. GONANTICLEA, 

b s . Frons smooth and rounded. [p. 366. 

a 7 . Fore wing with the outer 

margin oblique ; male 

with a fovea and deep 

furrow at base ; hind 

wing short 22. Physetobasts, 

b 7 . Fore wing with the outer [p. 385. 

margin suberect; hind 

wing ample 35. Asthena, p. 417. 

¥. Hind wing with vein 6 absent. . 30. Brabira, p. 406. 
b 3 . Hind wing with the discocellulars 
angled, vein 5 from below their 
angle. 
« 4 . Frons smooth and rounded .... 39. Stamnodes, p. 423. 
¥. Frons with a short sharp tuft. 
a 5 . Wings with the cilia non- 

crenulate 18. Larentta, p. 367. 

b 5 . Wings with the cilia cre- 
nulate 13. Scotosia, p. 344. 

Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked ; 
10 anastomosing with 8, 9 to form the 
single areole. 
a . Hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs *. 
a 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing 

with 12 25. Chloroclystis, 

b 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 not anasto- [p. 390. 

mosing with 12. 

* Except in the male of Chloroclystis costalis. 



332 GEOMETRID^. 

a 3 . Hind wing with vein 5 from 
middle of discocellulars, which 
are oblique. 
a 4 . Frons with a short sharp tuft of 
hair. 
a 5 . Abdomen with dorsal tufts . . 26. Eupithecia, p. 398. 
b 5 . Abdomen without dorsal tufts. 23. Pomasia, p. 387. 
& 4 . Frons rounded and smooth. 
a 5 . Fore wing long and narrow, 
the apex produced ; antennae 

of male pectinate 40. Sterrha, p. 423. 

b 5 . Fore wing broad, the apex 
not produced; antennae of 

male ciliated 33. Hydrelia, p. 412. 

b 3 . Hind wing with vein 5 from below 
middle of discocellulars, which 

are angled 34. Venusia, p. 415. 

b' '. Hind tibiae with the medial or both 
pairs of spurs absent. 
a 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 not anasto- 
mosing with 12. 
a 3 . Palpi with the 2nd joint at least 
twice the length of head ; abdo- 
men very long ; male usually with 
a lobe at base of hind wing .... 32. Sattris, p. 408. 
b 3 . Palpi with the 2nd joint less than 
twice the length of head ; abdo- 
men hardly longer than the hind 
wing ; male with a small fold at 

base of hind wing 27. Trichopterigia, 

b 2 . Fore wing with vein 11 anastomosing [p. 403. 

with 12 24. Gymnoscelis, 

<c. Fore wing with veins 10 and 11 anasto- [p. 388. 

mosing with 8, 9 to form a small areole, 
or stalked with them. 
a'. Fore wing with vein 7 stalked with 6 ; 

hind wing with the cell normal .... 15. Cataclysme, 
b'. Fore wing with vein 7 stalked with [p. 348. 

8, 9, 10, 11. 
a 2 . Palpi porrect, more than twice the 
length of head ; the 2nd joint 

thickly haired 10. Hypenorhynchus, 

b 2 . Palpi upturned and reaching vertex [p. 340. 

of head; hind tibiae of male with 
one pair of spurs ; hind wing with 

veins 3, 4 and 6, 7 on long stalks . . 36. Polynesia, p. 418. 
c 2 . Palpi short and porrect; hind tibiae 
of male with two pairs of spurs. 
a 3 . Fore wing with vein 6 from or 
from above angle of cell. 
a*. Fore wing with the apex not 
falcate nor the outer margin 

excised 37. Cambogia, p. 419. 

b*. Fore wing with the apex falcate, 
the outer margin excised below 
apex 38. Hastina, p. 422. 



LEPTOSTEGNA. — PSEUDEUCHLOEA. 333 

b 3 . Fore wing with vein 6 from below 
angle of cell ; hind wing of male 
with vein 5 absent, 6 from below 
the angle 29. Microloba, p. 405. 

C^.yfenus LEPTOSTEGNA. 

Leptostegna, Christ, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. lv, 2, p. 86 (1880). 

Type, L. tenerata, Christ. 

Range. Amur ; Sikhim. 

Palpi clothed with hair and not reaching beyond the irons, which 
is rounded ; antennae of male serrate and fasciculate ; hind tibiae 
with two pairs of spars. Fore wing with the apex acute and 
produced ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; the discocellulars 
angled above vein 5 ; 6 from the areole ; 10 and 11 stalked, 
10 anastomosing with 7, 8, 9 to form the areole. Hind wing with 
the inner area somewhat reduced ; vein 3 from before angle of 
cell ; 5 from below middle of discocellulars, which are angled ; 
6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 connected with 7 by a bar beyond middle / - 

of cell and bifurcating near apex. 






3591. Leptostegna tenerata, Christ, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. lv, 2, 
p. 88. 
. Dyspteris asiatica, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 358, pi. 31, fig. 8. 

S . Blue-green ; the antennae ochreous ; abdomen suffused with 

white. Eore wing with the 

costa ochreous ; indistinct 

\ "S^N^ ^^^^^v J^ diffused waved white medial, 

"V'-S ^ :: =^^>^ j? postmedial, and submarginal 

I 1^^^ ^£ lines. Hind wing white, 



slightly tinged with green 
and with, indistinct submar- 
ginal and marginal green 
Fig. 162. — Leptostegna tenerata, <S . \. P _, ° ° 




Hob. Amur ; Sikhim. Exp. 32 millim. 



M^ 



enus PSEUDEUCHLOEA, nov. 

Type, P. Tcaftbera, Swinh. 

Range. Khasis. 

Palpi hardly reaching beyond the frons, which is rounded ; 
antennae of male somewhat thickened ; hind tibiae with two pairs 
of spurs. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 10 and 11 stalked, 10 anastomosing with 7, 8, 9 to 
form the single areole. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell ; 5 from below middle of discocellulars, which are angled ; 
6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 connected with 7 by a bar beyond middle 
of cell ; the outer margin slightly angled at vein 4. 



334 



GEOMETKID^. 



3592. Pseudeuchlora kafebera, Swinh. Trans. But. Soc. 1894, p. 177. 

S . "White, with green markings ; the frons f uscous ; wings 
semihyaline. Fore wing with some diffused green on basal 

area ; a medial green band 
not reaching the costa, very 
broad below costa and nar- 
rowing to inner margin, the 
median nervure and veins 3 
and 4 white on the band ; 
beyond the medial band is 
a white band, then a green 
marginal band with a waved 
white line and the veins 




Fig. 163. 

Pseudeuchlora kafebera, <$ . 



crossing it white. Hind wing with the base white, then a green 
medial band broad at middle and with the veins at end of cell 
white ; a postmedial white band ; the outer area green, with waved 
white line, and the veins crossing it white. 
Hab. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus NAXIDIA, nov. 






> 



Type, N. punctata, Butl. 

Bange. Japan ; Sikhim ; Nagas. 

Palpi minute and not reaching beyond the frons, which is 
rounded ; antennae of male somewhat thickened and flattened ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of 
discocellulars ; 7, 8, 9 stalked, and 10, 11 stalked and anastomosing 
with them to form an areole. Hind wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell; 5 from below middle of discocellulars, which are 
angled ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 connected with 7 by a bar 
at middle of cell. 



3593. Naxidia punctata, Butl A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 128; id. III. 
Bet. vi, pi. 117, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 3592. 

Dirty white. Fore wing with the costal and outer areas slightly 
irrorated with fuscous ; a black basal speck ; antemedial and medial 

oblique series of three specks; a 
postmedial oblique series of eight 
specks, the one on vein 2 displaced 
towards the base ; submarginal and 
marginal series of specks. Hind 
wing with the outer area slightly 
suffused with fuscous, and with a 
series of fuscous specks on the 
margin; underside with cell-spot 
and postmedial waved line highly angled at vein 5. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Nagas. Exp. 38 millim. 




Fig. 164. 
Naxidia 'punctata, <$ . 



b 



NAXIDIA.— DYSETHIA. 335 

' 3594. Naxidia irrorata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 251 ; C. fy S. no. 3591. 

$ . Differs from punctata in the fore wing being thickly 
irrorated with olive-fuscous ; the series of specks less prominent. 

2 . With the hind wing pale fuscous and with indistinct angled 
postmedial and curved submarginal lines. 

Bab. Sikhim; Nagas. Exp., S 32, £ 40 millim. 



O^enus DYSETHIA. 

i Myostoma, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 316 (praeocc.) 
i Dysethia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 347. 



{J^ 






Type, D. bicommata, Warr. 

Mange. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. 

Palpi porrect, reaching just beyond the frons, which is rounded : 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing with the costa 
arched ; vein 1 a forming a large fork with 1 b ; 3 from near angle 
of cell; vein 10 anastomosing with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form 
the double areole. Hind wing of male with veins 1 a and b much 
reduced by absorption of the margin ; 3, 4, 5 radiating from the 
angle of the cell ; 6 from much below upper angle ; 8 connected 
with 7 by an oblique bar : female with the inner area normal ; 
vein 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 from upper angle. 

Sect. I. {Dysethia). Palpi thickly scaled; fore wing with the 
outer margin very long. 

A. Antennce of male ciliated. 

^3595. Dysethia bicommata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 348, pi. 32, 
fig.l. 

3 . Purplish brown. Pore wing with the veins ochreous ; an 
oblique dark antemedial line, slightly angled on median nervure 
and vein 1 ; a triangular medial patch on the costa, with a spot on 
the discocellulars below it ; a curved postmedial line arising from 
a triangular costal patch ; an indistinct pale dentate submarginal 
line. Hind wing pale suffused with fuscous, and with an oblique 
diffused postmedial line. 

2 . Hind wing darker, with the postmedial line well defined. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Eagas. Exp., $ 38, $ 42 millim. 

B. Antenna of male bipectinated with short stiff branches. 

:■ 

3596. Dysethia ocyptaria, 
Svrinh. A.M.N. H. (6) 

xii, p. 157. 

S . Differs from bicommata 

in being darker ; fore wing with 

the veins dark, the lines and 

_» 1/>r ^ .1^^ . . * triangular patches obscured; 

F.g. 165.-J*-*. ocyptana, <J . J. ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

Hah. Sikhim; Khasis; Nagas. Exp. 36 millim. 




336 GEOMETKID^. 

Sect. II. (Myostoma). Palpi slender ; antennae of male ciliated ; 
fore wing with the outer margin shorter and excurved at 
middle. 

3597. Dysethia straminea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 347. 
Ochreous, with slight brown irroration. Fore wing with traces 

of a waved antemedial line arising from a brown spot on costa ; a 
medial spot on costa ; traces of a slightly sinuous post-medial line 
ending in a brown spot on inner margin. Hind wing paler, with 
speck at end of cell and indistinct curved submarginal band. 

Hah. Sikbim. Exp. 24 millim. / 

o 

\4jGenus CRYPTOLOBA. 

4 Crvptoloba, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 343. 
Isoloba, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 345. 

Type, C. cerata, Moore. 

Range. Himalayas ; Nilgiris. 

Palpi porrect, clothed with hair, and reaching well beyond the 
sharp frontal tuft ; antennae of male bi pectinated to near apex. 
Pore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. Hind wing of 
male with the inner area reduced to a small lobe, or rarely a fold 
at base ; 2 running to the functional anal angle, 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 connected with 7 by an 
oblique bar. 

Sect. I. (Cryptoloba). Pore wing with vein 10 anastomosing with 
11 and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole ; hind wing 
with vein 5 from above angle of cell ; antennas bipectinated 
in both sexes. 

3598. Cryptoloba aerata, Moore, P. z. S. 1867, p. 654 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3758. 
Cryptoloba minor, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 344. 

J . Head, thorax, abdomen, and fore wing clothed with fuscous 
and yellow scales. Pore wing suffused with golden yellow and 
with sinuous antemedial, crenulate postmedial, and lunulate sub- 
marginal yellow lines ; oblique antemedial and medial, and curved 
submarginal and marginal pale blue spots ; a blue spot at end of 

cell. Hind wing ochreous, 
thickly irrorated and blotched 
with fuscous; both wings with 
the cilia orange and fuscous. 
Underside of fore wing fus- 
cous ; the costal and outer 
areas suffused with pale golden 
yellow. Hind wing whitish, 
■Oe.im^awtoUa^ta.a. i- Wated with black and suf- 

fused with golden yellow ; the veins yellow ; a black spot at end 
of cell ; postmedial and submarginal diffused fuscous lines. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis, 7000-10,000 feet. Eocp. 30 millim. 




CRYPTOLOBA. 337 

Sect. II. (Isoloba). Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 11, and 
anastomosing with 8, 9 to form the areole. 

A. Hind wing ivith vein 5 from above angle of cell. 
a. Antennce of female bipectinated. 

3599. Cryptoloba cinerea, Butl. A. 31. N. H (5) vi, p. 228 ; id. Ill 

Het. vi, pi. 120, fig. 4 ; C. $ S. no. 3805. 

Leaden grey. Fore wing irrorated with a few black scales ; 
the costa ochreous, with black strigas ; pale rufous waved ante- 
and postmedial lines arising from prominent short black lines from 
the costa, and with a few dark specks on them. Hind wing paler. 
Underside of hind wing and costal area of fore wing pale, with 
dark irroration. 

The Dharmsala form is smaller, darker, and with the hind wing 
dark. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp. 20-22 millim. 

b. Antennce of female simple. 

a'. Fore wing luith vein 11 not anastomosing with 12; 
hind wing of male ivith a lobe at base. 

3600. Cryptoloba bifasciata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 315, pi. 32, 

fig. 18. 

Ochreous, irrorated with fuscous. Tore wing with rufous ante- 
medial line ; a black spot on discocellulars ; oblique rufous post- 
medial line, with a diffused fuscous blotch beyond it ; an oblique 
fuscous streak from apex. Hind wing pale, with slight fuscous 
irroration ; a speck at end of cell ; both wings with the cilia 
chequered yellow and black. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

b'. Fore whig with vein 11 anastomosing with 12 ; hind wing 
of male with a fold at base. 
/ 

3601. Cryptoloba indicaria, Guer. Voy. Dekss., Hist. Nat. p. 97, pi. 26, 

/ fig- 4. 

/ Eupithecia bifasciata, Hmpsn. 111. Het. viii, p. 118, pi. 152, fig. 13. 

3 . Pale olive-green, irrorated and in parts suffused with fus- 
cous. Tore wing with antemedial fuscous band diffused inwards 
and bounded by a sinuous line ; an olive and fuscous medial band 
bounded inwardly by a sinuous black line, with a bidentate black 
mark at lower angle of cell, and two black dentitions on its outer 
edge at veins 3, 4 ; a diffused submarginal band ; black specks on 
costa before apex, on outer margin below apex, and at middle. 
Hind wing with diffused subbasal band ; the outer half almost 
covered by diffused conjoined postmedial and submarginal bands. 

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 20 millim. 
yol. in. z 



338 GEOMETKID^. 

B. Hind wing with vein 5 from angle of cell. 
^3602. Cryptoloba trinotata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 344, pi. 32, fig. 12, 

c?. Head, thorax, and fore wing pale rufous, irrorated with 
black ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing with the basal area chestnut, 
bounded by an indistinct waved chestnut line ; antemedial, post- 
medial, and submarginal black spots on the costa; a chestnut 
submarginal line obsolescent towards costa ; some blackish marks 
on the margin. Hind wing whitish, with slight fuscous irrora- 
tion ; a medial purplish-fuscous band from vein 6 to inner margin ; 
the outer area purplish fuscous, with some of the pale ground- 
colour near anal angle. Underside with the disk of fore wing 
fuscous. Hind wing with broad postmedial fuscous band. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 22 millim. 

3603. Cryptoloba subusta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 344. 

$ . Purplish grey. Fore wing with faint olive-brown ante- 
medial line with some black marks on its outer edge; a black 
speck at end of cell ; a curved postmedial olive-brown band, with 
black marks on its inner and outer edges ; some submarginal black 
marks between vein 4 and the outer angle. Hind wing whitish 
with black speck at end of cell, and indistinct curved fuscous post- 
medial line. 

Hah. Bhutan, 9000 feet. Exp. 20 millim. 

^. .Genus LOBOGONIA. 
Lobogonia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 345. 

Type, L. ambusta, Warr. 

Range. Khasis. 

Differs from Cryptoloba in the outer margin of each wing being 
angled and produced at vein 4 ; fore wing with the areole single ; 
hind wing with vein 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 3, 4 shortly 
stalked. 

3604. Lobogonia ambusta, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 346, pi. 31, fig. 21. 

S . Olive-yellow, slightly irrorated with f uscous. Fore wiug 
with pale rufous ante- and postmedial lines arising from black 
spots on the costa, the former slightly waved, the latter with a 

black spot beyond it at middle ; 
traces of a waved submarginal 
line. Hind wing paler, with 
fuscous speck at end of cell 
and medial line ; cilia of both 
wings rufous and black. 
Underside suffused with ru- 
Fig. 167.— Lobogonia ambusta, S • i- ^ ous ' anc * with the veins 

rufous. 
Hah. Khasis. Exp. 26 millim. 




SYZEUXIS. — GONIOPTEROLOBA. 



Ge 



339 




^v^Genus SYZEUXIS, nov. 

Type, S. trinotaria, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis. 

Palpi reaching far beyond the frons and triangularly scaled ; 
antennas of male bipectinate, with long branches to three-fourths 
length ; hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing with the 
outer margin oblique; vein 3 from near angle of cell; 5 from 
above middle of discocellulars ; 6 from above upper angle ; 10, 11 
anastomosing with 8, 9 to form the areole. Hind wing with the 
outer margin rounded ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 5 from above 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 connected with 7 by a 
bar beyond middle of cell. 

f 3605. Syzeuxis trinotaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 650 ; C. fy S. 

no. 3693. 

$ . Olive-brown. Fore wing with small dark red-brown sub- 
basal spot on costa ; large ante- and postmedial triangular spots 

and two specks near apex ; 
cilia dark, except at vein 5. 
Hind wing reddish, with 
speck at end of cell, and post- 
medial fuscous band usually 
not extending to costa ; the 
cilia dark. Underside of fore 
wing with postmedial band 
not extending to costa or 
inner margin. 

2 with the fore wing green. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., 6 28-38, $ 44 millim. 

■ Genus G0NX0PTER0L0BA, nov. 

Type, G. zalsJca, Swinh. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis. 

Differs from Lobogonia in having veins 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 of the 
fore wing stalked, no areole being present ; hind wing with vein 3 
from just before angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle. 

3606. Goniopteroloba zalska, Swinh, Trans. Ent. Soc 1894, p. 185. 

3 . Reddish ochreous, irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing with slightly sin- 
uous reddish postmedial line, with a 
quadrate black patch beyond it between 
veins 3 and 4 ; a pale submarginal line 
from vein 6 to outer angle, with some 
blackish suffusion beyond it. Hind 
wing redder, with indistinct medial 
line. 
Exp. 24 millim. 

z2 



Fig. 168.— Syzeuxis trinotaria, $ . \. 




Fig. 169. 
Goniopteroloba zalska, <$. \, 

Hob. Sikhim; Khasis. 



340 geometrid^e. 

D i \ ' ' 

Genus CARIGE. 
Carige, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1631 (1862). 

Type, C. cruciplaga, "Wlk. 

Range. Siberia ; Japan ; ~N. China ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Penang. 

Differs from Lobogonia in the outer margin of each wing being 
less angled at vein 4. Hind wing with vein 3 from just before 
angle of eel] ; 5 from just above angle ; 6, 7 stalked. Female 
with vein 5 of the hind wing from the middle of discocellulars ; 
the inner margin not aborted ; antennae with short branches. 

3607. Carige cruciplaga, Wlk. Cat. xxiii, p. 937. J 
Carige duplicaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1632. 
Macaria nigronotaria, Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 80, pi. vii, fig. 6. 
Macaria irrorata, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) 4, p. 440. 
Carige hmulineata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 263, pi. 8, fig. 26 ; C.Sf S. 

no. 3657. 

Yellowish grey, irrorated with black. Fore wing with double 
lunulate ante- and postmedial black lines, filled in with yellow, 
the lunules on the postmedial lines largest; a speck at end of cell; 

black marginal patches below 
apex and above outer angle, 
with a pale sub marginal line 
on them. Hind wing with 
cell-spot and double lunulate 
curved black postmedial line 
filled in with yellow ; both 
wings with marginal yellow 
line. 

The form duplicaria has submarginal black lunules more or less 
developed on each wing, and the marginal patches of fore wing 
almost obsolete. 

Hab. Siberia ; Japan ; China ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Penang. Exp. 
30-35 millim. 

3608. Carige rachiaria, Siuinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 492. JL. 

3 . Differs from cruciplaga in being bright rufous ; wings with 
the veins pale. Pore wing w T ith the antemedial double line absent; 
the postmedial line of both w T ings obsolescent, except at costa and 
middle of fore wing and the inner margin of both wings ; a sub- 
marginal series of black and yellow lunules ; an oblique streak 
from the apex of fore wing, but no marginal patches. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 




Kg. 170. — Carige cruciplaga, <$, 



vn 



Genus HYPENORHYNCHUS, nov. 

Type, H. erectilineatum, Moore. 

Range. Khasis. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint twice the length of head, and 
thickly clothed with hair ; antenna) nearly simple (legs wanting) ; 
wings long and narrow. Pore wing with vein 3 before angle of 



HTPE^ORHY^CHUS. — AtfAITIS. 34J 

cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 stalked from before upper angle. Hind wing 
with vein 3 before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to near end of cell. 

3609. Hypenorhynchus erectilineatum, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 272 ; 
C. $ S. no. 3806. 

J . Grey, palpi at sides and bands on fore legs brown. Fore 
wing with erect ante- and postmedial diffused brown lines, with 
some rufous on their outer edges ; traces of a submarginal line ; a 
marginal brown line ; a brown cell-speck ; cilia grey, intersected 
with brown. Hind wing with traces of medial line. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 20 millim. 



M \ 7 



? /W G-enus ANAITIS. 

Anaitis, Dup. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 247 (1844). 
Eucestia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 322 (? 1818), non descr. 
Carsia, Jfilbn. Verz. p. 336. 
Docirava, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1635 (1862). 

Type, A. paluda.ta, Thnb., from Europe. 

Range. Palaearctic region ; Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas ; 
Sikhim. 

Palpi porrect, clothed with hair, and reaching well beyond the 
sharp frontal tuft ; antennae of male long, thickened, and flattened ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Eore wing with the apex 
acute ; the cosfca oblique, and the outer margin long ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell ; 6, 7 from the areole ; 10 anastomosing with 
11 , and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing of 
male with the inner area reduced to a small vesicular lobe at base ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 stalked ; female with the inner area normal ; vein 8 anasto- 
mosing with 7. 

The typical species is without the apical hook to fore tibia. 

Sect. I. (Docirava). Hind wing of male with vein 8 connected 
with 7 by a bar beyond middle of cell. 

3610. Anaitis sequilineata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1635 ; Butt. III. Het. 

yi, pi. 120, fig. 5 : C. $ S. no. 3902. J 

Brown, irrorated with s grey. Eore wing with an oblique ochreous 
rufous-edged medial band from subcostal to inner margin ; a 
similar band from apex to inner margin beyond middle. Abdomen 
and hind wing ochreous ; the latter with indistinct curved post- 
medial line. 

Hab. N.~W. Himalayas. Exp. 40 millim. 

3611. Anaitis pudicata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 497 ; C. $ S. no. 3908. 
Aspilates uvaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1681 ; C. fy S. no. 3905. 
Anaitis vastata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1700. 

Differs from cequilineaia in the palpi being crimson at sides. 
Eore wing with the costal and outer areas suffused with crimson ; 



: 




J 



342 geometric^;. 

^n oblique antemedial ochreous line; a pale speck at end of 

cell ; an oblique postmedial 
ochreous line excurved beyond 
end of cell. Hind wing tinged 
with crimson. Underside with 
the hind wing and the sub- 
apical area of fore wing crim- 
son ; the costa of fore wing 
Fig. 171.— Anaitis judicata, $ . {. and the outer area of both 

wings ochreous. 
Hob. Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 34-50 

millim. 

3612. Anaitis fulgurata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 498 ; C. 8? S. no. 3907. 
Anaitis macrocalata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1447 ; C. fy 8. no. 3903. 
Orsonoba medmaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1521 ; C. fy S. no. 3904. 
Eubolia reciproca, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1698. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous, irrorated with grey. Fore 
wing chocolate-brown ; a grey fascia below median nervure to end 
of cell ; a grey antemedial line much recurved at median nervure ; 
a broad blackish postmedial band w^ith a grey band occupying its 
middle, on which is a dark discocellular striga ; the dark band is 
edged by grey and black lines, the inner edge angled outwards at 
lower angle of cell, then much retracted towards base, the outer 
edge sinuous and angled outwards at vein 4 ; a whitish apical 
patch ; the outer margin greyish. Hind wing ochreous white. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp., tf 42, $ 50 millim. 

3613. Anaitis roseifascia, n. sp. 

2 • Head and thorax bright pink ; abdomen fuscous. Fore 
wing orange ; the base bright pink ; a broad pink medial band 
with fuscous edges, narrowing from vein 2 to inner margin ; a 
submarginal series of pink marks ; the cilia pink. Hind wing 
white, with the cilia pink. 

Bab. Sikhim, 12,000 feet (Knyvett). Exp. 34 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

Sect. II. (Anaitis). Hind wing of male with vein 8 anastomosing 
with 7 ; fore tibia with a strong apical hook. 

3614. Anaitis plagiata, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, 2, p. 869. 

Anaitis efformata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 500 ; C. fy S. no. 3907 a. 

Grey, irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing with an oblique sub- 
basal dark line expanding into a subtriangular patch at costa, with 
an indistinct double line excurved below costa beyond it ; a treble 
medial sinuous dark line, with dark patches on it at costa and 
middle; a similar postmedial treble line, excurved below cost a, 
without the dark patch at middle and with its outer line more 
.sinuous ; an oblique diffused rufous streak from apex ; an indis- 



ANAITIS. — EUBOLIA. 343 

tinct double waved submarginal line. Abdomen and hind wing 
brownish grey, the latter with traces of pale postmedial line. 
. Underside slightly tinged with crimson. 

The European form usually has the dark lines and patches of 
fore wing more prominent and the latter tinged with rufous. 

Hab. Europe ; Syria ; Japan ; Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas. 
Exp. 36-46 millim.' 

78615. Anaitis postochrea, n. sp. 

3 . Head and thorax grey-brown; abdomen fulvous. Eore 
wing bright chestnut, suffused with purplish grey ; an indistinct 
obliquely waved subbasal line ; an oblique antemedial line, with 
clear chestnut beyond its costal portion ; sinuous medial and 
postmedial lines, the latter with clear chestnut inside its costal 
portion and a grey apical patch beyond it ; two waved submarginal 
lines. Hind wing bright ochreous. 

Hab. Kulu, 9000 feet. Exp. 38 miUim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

Q \ G-enus EUBOLIA. 

Eubolia, Dup. CatrLep. Eur. p. 218 (1844). 
Onychia, Hilbn. Verz. p. 334 (F 1818), non descr. 
Ortholitha, Hilbn. Verz. p. 338. 

Type, E. limitata, Scop., from Europe. 

Range. Europe; S.Africa; Madagascar; Himalayas. 

Palpi roughly scaled and reaching beyond the short frontal tuft ; 
antennas of male bipectinated, with short branches to near apex ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Eore wing with the apex 
somewhat produced and the outer margin oblique ; vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars; 6 from 
or from above angle of cell; 10 anastomosing with 11 and then 
with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to beyond middle of cell. 

773616. Eubolia nasifera, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 331; C. $ S. 
no. 3911 a. 

<$ . Grey. Eore wing with the basal area tinged with pale 
brown ; an indistinct waved antemedial line ; a broad postmedial 
dark band with a grey band on its middle bearing two black disco- 
cellular specks ; the dark band is edged by grey and dark lines, the 
inner edge sinuous and angled in the cell, the outer edge highly 
angled below vein 4, then greatly incurved ; an oblique dark streak 
from apex, and two indistinct slightly waved submarginal lines. 
Hind wing brownish grey, with indistinct postmedial line angled 
below vein 4, and pale submarginal line. 

Eab. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 34 millim. 

'3617. Eubolia duplicata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 385. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey and fuscous. Eore wing with 






344 



GEOMETKID.E. 



the costa fuscous brown to near apex ; the basal area covered with 

indistinct whitish and dark 
lines ; an oblique white 
line from upper angle of 
cell to inner margin before 
middle, enclosing a black 
triangular patch between 
it and the broad oblique 
medial white band, which 
bears a black discocellular 
striga, the area beyond it 
black to the sinuous post- 
medial white line, which has whitish and fuscous lines beyond it ; 
outer area blackish, with a pale straight submarginal line. Hind 
wing whitish, with slight dark marks at apex and anal augle and 
fine marginal line. Underside suffused with rufous ; hind wing 
with discocellular speck and postmeclial line. 
Hab. Chumbi, Tibet. Exp. 40 millim. 




Fig. 172. — Eiiholia dwplicata 



Genus SC0T0SIA. 
Scotosia, Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 259 (1829). 
Philereme, Hubn. Verz. p. 330 (? 1818), non descr. 
Triphosa, Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 261. 

Type, S. rhamnata, Schiff., from Europe. 

Range. Nearctic and Palsearctic regions ; Afghanistan ; N.W. 
Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris. 

Palpi clothed with hair and reaching well beyond the frontal 
tuft ; antennae of male usually simple ; hind tibiae with two pairs 
of spurs ; wings with the outer margins crenulate. Fore wing 
with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocel- 
lulars ; 6 from just above angle of cell; 10 anastomosing with 11 
and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from above lower angle, the 
discocellulars being highly angled ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with 7. 

Sect. I. (Scotosia). Male with the claspers large and exserted. 

3618. Scotosia dubiosata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1352 ; C.SrS. no. 3818. 

. Scotosia sideritaria, Oherth. Et. Ent. x, p. 34, pi. 1, fig. 13. £f, 3 <^t I 

Grey-brown. Fore wing of 
male with the retinaculum con- 
sisting of a corneous plate 
with a pit in the wing- mem- 
brane over it ; indistinct double 
subbasal and antemedial waved 
lines ; a broad medial slightly 

darker band with waved grey 
Fig. 173.-Scotosia dubiosata, d. {. edgeg aud traceg of waved 

lines on it ; two indistinct dark waved lines beyond the band 




scotosia. 345 

and a waved grey submarginal line. Hind wing with four 
indistinct waved postmedial lines, and a waved grey submarginal 
line. 

A variety has the antemedial and marginal areas of fore wing 
suffused with pale rufous. 

Hab. Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; Nilgiris. Exp., 
d* 40-44, 2 46-48 millim. 

Sect. II. (THpliosa). Male with the claspers normal. 

A. Male ivith the antennae simple. 
a. Male with no tuft on vein lb of hind wing below. 

3619. Scotosia rubrodotata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1353 ; C. $ S. no. 3825. 
Scotosia venimaculata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 657 : C. fy 8. 

no. 3828. 
Scotosia expansa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 274 ; C. 8f S. no. 3819. 

Grlossy grey-brown in the form expansa, darker and suffused in 
the form venimaculata ; in rubrodotata with the medial band of fore 
wiug dark crimson. Fore wing with numerous waved lines ; the 
antemedial and postmedial lines delineating a slightly darker 
medial area ; the veins of outer area speckled with white. Hind, 
wing with traces of numerous waved lines on the outer third, and 
the veins speckled with white. 

Hab. Punjab ; Sikhim. Exp. 60-66 millim. 

b. Male with a fringe of long hair on middle of vein 1 b 
of hind wing below. 

3620. Scotosia tremulata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 448 ; C. $ S. no. 3827. 

Greyish fuscous. Fore wing with numerous waved lines ; ante- 
and postmedial bands from costa to median nervure, being formed 
by the spaces between two of the antemedial and three of the 
medial lines being filled in with fuscous ; a waved grey submar- 
ginal line developed into four white spots on inner half of wing. 
Hind wing with indistinct waved lines on outer area ; the veins 
speckled with fuscous and grey ; a waved grey submarginal line. 

Hab. Abbottabad ; Sikhim. Exp., tf 44, $ 50 millim. 

B. Male with the antennae bipectinated to two-thirds length. 

3621. Scotosia sordidata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 274; C. $ S. no. 3826. 

d . Ochreous brown, suffused with pinkish brown and fuscous ; 
wings with numerous indistinct waved fuscous lines. Fore wing 
with the medial area somewhat darker, broadest at costa, and with 
waved grey edges, the outer edge being highly angled at vein 4, 
and with a waved dark line beyond it. Hind wing with grey 
medial line angled at veins 6 and 4 ; both wings with submarginal 
series of grey specks and marginal dark line. Underside paler, 
with the dark lines more prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 



** 



346 GEOMETRID^;. 

Genus PHIBALAPTERYX. 

Phibalapteryx, Steph. III. Brit. JEnt, Haust. iii, p. 255 (1829)* « 
Ccenocalpe, Hiibn. Verz. p. 330 (? 1818), non descr. 
Collix, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 357 (1857). 

Type, P. tersata, SchifE., from Europe. 

Range. Universally distributed. 

Palpi porrect, roughly scaled, and reaching beyond the short 
frontal tuft; antennae of male thickened and flattened; hind tibiae 
with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing produced at apex, the outer 
margin oblique ; vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 10 anastomosing with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form the 
double areole. Hind wing narrow ; the margin crenulate ; vein 3 
from before end of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to near end of cell. 

Sect. I. (Phibalapteryx). Palpi with the 2nd joint hardly reaching 
beyond the frons ; mid tibise of male not dilated ; abdomen 
not elongate, and with normal anal tuft. 

3622. Phibalapteryx plurilineata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 273 : C. fy S. 

no. 3901. 
Phibalapteryx nigripunctata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 328 ; 

C. 8f S. no. 3900 a. 
Phibalapteryx nigrovittata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 327 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3900 b. 

$ . Dark red-brown, slightly suffused with fuscous ; prothorax 
with a black band ; 1st segment of abdomen with a deep black 
band. Fore wing with very numerous obliquely waved lines ; the 
veins speckled with black and grey ; a black speck at end of cell 
and black mark beyond lower angle ; an indistinct irregularly 
waved grey submarginal line. Hind wing with numerous waved 
lines, a postmedial line from vein 4 to inner margin being 
prominent and black ; a speck at end of cell ; an indistinct waved 
grey submarginal line. 

2 with the disk of fore wing and outer area below apex suffused 
with fuscous black, except on the veins. 

Hob. N.W. Himalayas; Khasis. Exp., J 30-34, $ 30-44 
millim. 

3623. Phibalapteryx suffusa, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 122, pi. 153, 
figs.] 5, 23. ^ 

Differs from hypospilata in being redder brown ; the cell-spots 
absent ; the waved lines somewhat angled below costa of fore 
wing ; hind wing with greyish and black postmedial baud on inner 
area and on anal segment of abdomen. Underside greyish fuscous, 
with prominent black cell-spots ; indistinct curved postmedial 
fuscous line and diffused submarginal band, with a series of grey 
specks on its outer edge. 



PHIBALAPTERYX. 347 

The female usually has broad white bands on thorax and base 
of abdomen, diffused white on the basal area of fore wing, a 
large patch below costa of fore wing near apex, and white post- 
medial and submarginal specks to each wiDg. 

Hab. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Easfp., 6 34, $ 38 millim. 

3624. Phibalapteryx leprosa, Smpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 122, pi. 153, 

figs. 2, 9. 

Differs from suffusa in being more suffused with greyish fuscous 
or greyish white instead of pure white. Underside pale with a 
maculate black postmedial band, curved on fore wing, highly 
angled at vein 4 of hind wing; the diffused submarginal band 
more or less interrupted between veins 3 and 4 of each wing. 

Hab. Mlgiris. Exp. 30 millim. 

3625. Phibalapteryx hyperythra, n. sp. 

Differs from liypospilata in being pale reddish brown, with the 
waved lines more prominent and the cell-spots absent. Underside 
suffused with vinous red, with black cell-spots ; the postmedial 
curved band angled at vein 6 of each wing, most prominently on 
hind wing ; fore wing with diffused or dentate submarginal band 
interrupted between veins 3 and 4; hind wing with some sub- 
marginal specks. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Anamalis. Exp., <3 32, £ 40 millim. 

3626. Phibalapteryx flavofasciata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 270, pi. 8, 

fig. 25; C. Sr S. no. 3889. 

c? . Fuscous, with a purplish tinge ; the base and extremity of 
abdomen green. Both wings with ante- and postmedial minutely 
waved green bands, the latter with a rufous and black patch 
between it and lower angle of cell, and sending a green streak to 
middle of outer margin ; a fine waved submarginal line ; fore wing 
with black cell- spot. Underside with black cell- spots and curved 
postmedial line to each wing. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

Sect. II. {Collix). Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far beyond 
the frontal tuft; mid tibiae of male very much dilated and 
with a deep groove ; abdomen long, with a large anal tuft. 

3627. Phibalapteryx hypospilata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 358; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. ix, pi. 171, fig. 26 ; C. $ S. no. 3891. /> 
-> Collix foraminata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 358. 

d" . Dark fuscous, with a slight purplish tinge ; wings with 
numerous indistinct waved black lines. Fore wing with a 
prominent discocellular boss of raised scales ; the veins speckled 
with pale brown between the waved lines. Hind wing with small 
discocellular spot; both wings with submarginal series of pale 



348 GEOMETRID^I. 

brown specks and a black marginal line interrupted by pale specks 
at the veins. Underside fuscous brown; both wings with very 




Fig. 174. — jPhibalapteryx hypospilata, tf . {. 

prominent black cell-spot, less prominent curved postmedial band, 
and prominent submarginal series of black spots ; the spot 
between veins 3 and 4 absent. 

2 often with ground-colour brown, or with brown patches in 
the cell of fore whig and forming an obscure postmedial band to 
both wings. 

Hah. S. Africa ; Khasis ; Mahableshwar ; Nilgiris ; Anamalis ; 
Ceylon. Exp. 40 millim. 

3628. Phibalapteryx ghosha, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1249 ; Moore, Lep. 
Ceyl, in, pi. 206, figs. 9, 10, 10 a (larva) ; C. fy S. no. 3890. 
Collix stellata, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 679. 

Differs from hypospilata in the ground-colour being grey-brown ; 
the waved lines more prominent ; a postmedial series of pale specks 
more or less developed, and the submarginal series obsolescent. 
Underside whitish ; the discocellular spots larger ; the postmedial 
band replaced by a series of streaks, which at middle almost join 
the submarginal spots, which form an almost complete band except 
between veins 3 and 4. 

Larva dark olive-green ; pupa reddish, with greenish head and 
wing-cases. 

Hob. Khasis ; Ceylon ; Tenasserim. Exp., <S 28, $ 28-30 / 
millim. 



Genus CATACLYSME. 

Cataclysme, Hiibn. Verz. p. 329 (? 1818). 



W 



&3 



Type, G. riguata, Hiibn., from Europe. 

Range. Europe : IS .W. Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Palpi roughly scaled and reaching beyond the slight frontal tuft ; 
hind tibise with two pairs of spurs. Eore wing with vein 3 from 
close to angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
stalked; 11 anastomosing with 8, 9, 10 to form a small areole. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from above 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to 
beyond middle of cell. 

In the typical section the antennae of male are slightly thickened 
and ciliated. 




CATACLYSME. — C1DARIA. 349 

Sect. II. Antennae of male bipectinated, with short branches 
dilated at extremity. 

1 3629. Cataclysme conturbata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1703 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3759. 

Grey, suffused with fuscous. Tore wing with double waved 

subbasal, antemedial, and post- 
medial liues, the area between 
them tinged with fulvous, the 
postmedial lines angled at 
vein 4 ; a dark spot at end of 
cell. Hind wing with ante- 
medial, two medial, a post- 
Fig 175 medial, and submarginal waved 

Cataclysme conturbata, $ . \. dark lines. Underside greyer, 

with a prominent whitish post- 
medial band with fuscous on its inner edge, and the area beyond 
it suffused with fuscous ; a speck at end of cell ; fore wing with 
medial line, hind wing with antemedial and medial lines. 
Hob. N.W. Himalayas ; Khasis. Eoojp. 36 millim. 

Sect. III. Antennas of male bipectinated, with longer branches 
which are not dilated ; fore wing with the apex more produced 
and the outer margin oblique. 

3630. Cataclysme ohliqiiilineata, n. sp. 

cS . Ochreous white, slightly irrorated with fuscous. Tore wing 
with double indistinct oblique subbasal and antemedial lines ; a 
speck at end of cell ; six almost straight oblique lines on outer 
area, of which the third is the most prominent and has ochreous 
suffusion inside it. Hind wing with three oblique lines on medial 
area and three on outer area, all obsolete on the costal area. 
Underside more suffused with fuscous : the lines of hind wing 
more prominent. 

Hah. Dalhousie {Harford). Exp. 36 millim. Type in B. M. 

Genus CIDARIA. 

Cidaria, Treitschhe, Eur. Schmett. vi, 2, p. 140 (1828). 
Ochyria, Hubn. Verz. p. 334 (? 1818), non descr. 
Eustroma, Hubn. Verz. p. 335. 
Coremia, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 408 (1857). 
Gnamptopteryx, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 155 (1893). 
Ecliptopera, "Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 679 (1894). 

Type, C. designata, Borkh., from Europe. 

Range. Universally distributed. 

Palpi clothed with hair and reaching beyond the slight frontal 
tuft ; antennae of male typically minutely serrate and fasciculated ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing with vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 6 from 



350 GEOMETBJDJE. 

or frora just above upper angle ; 10 anastomosing with 11 and 
then with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing with vein 3 
from close to angle of cell ; the discocellulars oblique, and vein 5 
from or from above their middle ; 6, 7 stalked. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male almost simple and somewhat thickened. 

A. Male with the inner area of fore wing not distorted, nor the 
costa of hind wing lobed. 

a. Male ivithout tufts of hair on underside of fore wing. 

a'. Male with the lateral tufts towards extremity of abdomen 
greatly developed. 

a 2 . Male with fringe of long hair on middle of inner margin 
of hind wing below. 

3631. Cidaria chalybearia, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 663 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3849. 

Dark fuscous, irrorated with purplish grey. Fore wing with 
numerous very indistinct waved black lines ; subbasal, medial, and 
submarginal ill-defined bands being formed by the ground-colour 
being greyish between some of the waved lines ; a bJack striga on 
discocellulars ; some submarginal black and white points ; an 
obscure oblique dark mark from apex. Hind wing dark fuscous, 
with traces of white submarginal line.. Underside dark fuscous, 
with submarginal series of white points. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp., <$ 40, $ 50 millim. 

b 2 . Male with no fringe of hair on inner margin of hind wing. 

3632. Cidaria obscurata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 663, pi. 33, fig. 7 : 

C. 8f S. no. 3880. 0~~ 
Eustroma monana, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 224. 

<5 . Eed-browm. Fore wing with numerous indistinct waved 
dark lines ; an ochreous curved subbasal line ; the medial area 
defined by ochreous lines, the inner excurved on median nervure, 
the outer curved, two of the dark medial lines enclosing annuli 
and irregular more or less conjoined spots ; the submarginal 
sinuous line with two blackish lunules on it below costa and 
angled at vein 4 ; a sinuous line arising from the apex, incurved 
and enclosing a blackish patch below apex. Hind wing paler 
brown, with traces of postmedial and submarginal lines almost 
meeting at anal angle. 

Hob, Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 44-50 millhn. 



n 



3633. Cidaria mnscicolor, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 276; C. fy S. 
no. 3879. 
Cidaria subaxncalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 121, pi. 153, fig. 1 ; 
Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p. 136. 

Brown. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced; the 
basal area darker, with two nearly straight lines on it ; the medial 



OIDAEIA. 351 

area darker, its inner and outer edges denned by waved lines, the 
outer slightly dentate on veins 3 and 1 ; two irregularly waved 
dark medial lines, which approach each other at lower angle of 
cell ; a crenulate dark submarginal line ; a black crescent on 
margin from apex to middle, and black spot above outer angle. 
Hind wing fuscous. Underside with waved postmedial and crenu- 
late submarginal lines ; fore wing in the southern form subapicalis? 
Hmpsn., with two prominent black lunules below costa on the 
submarginal line, wdth a diffused ochreous patch below them 
running out from the postmedial line ; hind wing with cell-spot, 
medial and postmedial waved lines, and submarginal series of 
black lunules. 

The Ceylon female is yellower brown, with the basal and medial 
areas of fore wing not darker. 

Hab. Sikhim; Khasis; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., d 36, $ 42 
millim . 

3634. Cidaria furva, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc 1891, p. 494. 

<3 . Bright rufous. Pore wing with numerous pale waved lines 
on basal two-thirds, two of the medial lines being joined at places 
and enclosing quadrate patches ; the postmedial line angled at 
vein 4, then crenulate to inner margin ; outer area with the costal 
and inner portions olive-grey, the portion between veins 2 and 4 
bright rufous ; two crenulate rufous submarginal lines ; a sinuous 
dark line from apex to anal angle ; the median and submedian 
nervures and veins 2, 3, 4 streaked with rufous. Hind wing 
fuscous ; the apex pale. Underside ochreous grey ; the disk of 
fore wing fuscous to the postmedial line. 

Hab. Khasis ; Burma. Exp. 42 millim. 

3635. Cidaria fulvidorsata, Swinh. MS. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen above pale fulvous. Fore wing 
fuscous, wuth two antemedial fine white lines, the inner angled 
below costa, the outer below cell, the area between them suffused 
with blue-grey; traces of a medial annulate band diminishing to 
inner margin ; a broad postmedial blue-grey band, inwardly edged 
by a curved and slightly waved white line, its outer edge running 
out to the apex and middle of outer margin, leaving a fuscous 
lunule below the apex and a fulvous one above outer angle. Hind 
wing whitish, the inner area tinged with fuscous and with traces 
of waved postmedial and submarginal lines. Underside pale. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 32 millim. 

s^ b'. Male ivith no strongly developed lateral tufts to abdomen. 



{ ~^i 



636. Cidaria lativittaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 657 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3820. 

Fuscous and grey. Fore wing with three indistinct waved lines 
on basal area ; a broad medial black band with waved grey edges, 



1_ 



352 GEOMETEID^:. 

the inner edge slightly toothed on vein 2, the outer produced 
beyond lower angle of cell ; a submarginal dentate grey line with 
black patch inside it at costa, and met by an oblique dentate black 
mark from apex. Hind wing fuscous, with indistinct sinuous 
postmedial line and submarginal series of whitish spots. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp., rf 46, $ 54 millim. 









7 



3637. Cidaria albapex, n. sp. 

cT . Fuscous black. Fore wiug irrorated with whitish scales ; 
numerous indistinct waved black lines ; an oblique series of large 
conjoined white dashes from costa beyond middle to beyond lower 
angle of cell, and with a black striga on one at vein 5 ; the sub- 
marginal waved line pale at costa. Hind wing with apical white 
patch. Underside of fore wing with apical white spot. 

5 with the white patches on fore wing almost obsolete on 
upperside ; the apical patch of hind wing and band and spot of 
fore wing on underside ochreous. 

Hab. Sikhim (Knyvett). Exp., S 40, $ 46 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3638. Cidaria ochreata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 267 ; C. $ S. no. 3764. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous, with a few grey scales. 
Fore wing with subbasal and antemedial minutely waved white 
black-edged lines ; the basal area more or less suffused with grey ; 
a medial olive-fuscous band, with some dark spots or annuli on it, 
its outer edge irregularly waved and angled below costa and 
beyond lower angle of cell, a fine black line beyond it ; the outer 
area white, with traces of waved dark lines and the margin suffused 
with fuscous, with traces of a waved white submarginal line and 
olive patches on costa before apex and on outer margin below 
apex. Hind wing either wholly suffused with fuscous or whitish 
with the basal area suffused with fuscous ; traces of waved lines 
on outer area and a submarginal series of white specks ; both 
wings with marginal series of black specks. Underside pale, 
suffused with fuscous ; a broad somewhat ill-defined postmedial 
whitish band. 

Closely allied to picata, Hiibn., from Europe. 

Hab. Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 34 millim. 

3639. Cidaria scortea, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 493. 
Glaucopteryx viridis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 368. 

cJ . Grey-brown. Fore wing with darker basal patch, bounded 
by a waved line ; a broad medial band with waved edges ; the outer 
area with a slight pinkish tinge, with three w T aved lines and with 
slight fuscous submarginal patches on the costa and below apex. 
Hind wing fuscous ; underside with waved postmedial line. 

The form viridis has the basal patch and medial band much 
blacker, the antemedial and outer areas dark green. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 34-40 millim. 



CIDARIA. 3515 

3640. Cidaria melidiata, Feld. Beis. Nov. pi. 132, fig-. 42; C. # S. 

no. 3859. 

5 . Head and thorax grey-green ; the abdomen grey. Fore 
wing grey-green ; the basal area with traces of waved lines and a 
more prominent grey line ; the medial area greyish fuscous or 
grey-green with waved grey edges, having on it two waved black 
lines, a cell-spot, and some rufous on the veins at end of cell ; a 
slight rufous tinge before the band, and on its outer edge beyond 
the cell and above inner margin ; traces of waved dark lines on 
outer area and a more prominent grey submarginal line. Hind 
wing grey, the outer area darker, and with a waved grey sub- 
marginal line. 

Hab. Dalhousie. Exp, 40 milJim. 

3641. Cidaria ramalaria, Feld. Beis. Nov. pi. 132, fig. 31 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3866. 

Grey, thickly irrorated with black and a few ochreous scales. 
Tore wing with fuscous subbasal band with waved edges ; a similar 
medial band, widest at costa, and with a discocellular lunule ; 
traces of a waved whitish submarginal line, sometimes prominent 
towards costa. Hind wing whitish grey, with traces of cell-speck 
and posttnedial curved line, which are prominent on underside. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Kulii. Exp. 40 millim. 

3642. Cidaria variegata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 653 ; C. $ S. no. 3766. 

Olive-green, with black markings. Fore wing with indistinct 
waved lines ; a waved subbasal blackish band ; the medial area 
blackish, with waved black edges, the inner edge curved, the outer 
angled at vein 4 ; a crenulate grey submarginal line, with slightly 
darker patches inside it at costa and above middle. Hind wing 
fuscous, w r ith a waved grey submarginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

3643. Cidaria cingala, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 489, pi. 207, fig. 10 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3896. 
Anticlea multilinea, Hmpsn. 111. Het. viii, p. 120, pi. 152, fig. 2. 4* 
Cidaria multilineata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 121, pi. 153, fig. 
Cidaria fecunda, Sivinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 493. 

Eed-brown, in the forms multilinea and fecunda suffused with 
olive-green. Fore wing with numerous curved and waved lines ; 
three subbasal lines being filled in with darker rufous, forming an 
indistinct band ; the medial area darker, with two of the lines on 
it enclosing a large pale patch below costa and two small annuli 
on inner area, its inner edge curved, its outer highly dentate at 
vein 4, then obliquely and irregularly dentate to inner margin ; a 
waved grey submarginal line. Hind wing paler brown, with two 
antemedial, one medial, and two postmedial waved lines ; both 
wings with fine waved marginal line. Underside fuscous ; each 

VOL. III. 2 A 



J 2 1% 




354 geometridjE. 

wing with cell-spot, waved lines, a pale postmedial band angled at 
vein 4, and some pale patches on margin. 

The Khasi form fecunda has the ground-colour of underside 
almost wholly ochreous ; the head often pale. 

Hob. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 34 millim. 

3644. Cidaria intertexta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 374, pi. 30, fig. 3. 

S . Pale olive-green, with pale rufous markings. Fore wing 
with pale rufous waved subbasal line ; a broad rufous antemedial 
band angled in cell, edged by waved lines, and with a waved line 
at its middle ; the medial area dark olive, with a waved line at its 
middle and dentate line on its outer edge, with pale rufous suffusion, 
and two curved dark lines beyond it ; a submarginal crenulate 
line. Hind wing olive-fuscous. Underside of fore wing with the 
costa ochreous ; an ochreous patch beyond the cell and submar- 
ginal series of specks. Hind wing ochreous, irrorated with 
fuscous. 

Hah. Sikhim, 7500 feet, Exp. 28 millim. 

3645. Cidaria catenaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 655, pi. 33, fig. 9 ; 

C. 8f 8. no. 3727. 

$. Head and thorax rufous and black; throat white. Fore 
wing with a red subcostal streak from base to beyond middle ; a 
rufous basal patch, with waved dark lines on it and waved edge ; 
traces of antemedial, medial, and postmedial waved lines ; a rufous 
medial patch on costa, with waved lines and black cell-spot on it ; 
the apical area and area near outer angle rufous, with some sub- 
marginal white specks. Hind wing white, with fuscous and white 
patch at anal angle. 

S . With the white on medial area of fore wing much less pro- 
minent, and traversed by numerous waved lines. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 42 millim. 

3646. Cidaria fulvotincta, n. sp. 

Whitish, suffused with pale fulvous ; patagia with black patches. 
Fore wing with basal black patch, w T ith a waved line on it and 
waved outer edge ; two indistinct waved fulvous antemedial lines ; 
a broad medial black band with two waved lines on it, its inner 
edge sinuous and angled on vein 2, its outer edge irregularly 
crenulate from vein 4 to inner margin ; three indistinct waved 
fulvous lines on outer area, the undulations of one being filled in 
with fuscous near costa; a black patch on outer margin below 
apex filling in the undulations of the outer line. Hind wing 
whitish; the basal two-thirds slightly tinged with fuscous, and 
bounded by an indistinct waved line. Underside pale, with disco- 
cellular black strigse. 

Hob. Simla {Harford). Exp., <$ 84, $ 38 millim. Type in 
E. M. 




cida:ria. 355 jC r 

3647. Cidaria aurata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 664 ; C. $ S. no. 3844- 
Cidaria aliena, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 230; id. III. Het. vi, 

pi. 120, fig. 11 ; C. # S. no. 3840. /' 
Cidaria perpulchra, Butl P. Z. S. 1886, p. 393 ; C. $ S. no. 3865./ 
Cidaria tsermosaria, Oberth. JEt. Ent. xviii, p. 39, pi. iii, fig. 43. 

Head and thorax golden yellow ; patagia marked with black , 
abdomen grey and fulvous, with paired series of dorsal black 
specks. Fore wiug with the basal area black, tinged with fulvous 

and with traces of two waved 
lines on it, its outer edge 
silvery white and dentate in 
the cell ; the antemedial area 
golden yellow, with some 
rufous suffusion ; a medial 
fulvous-tiuged black band, 
Fig. 176.— Cidaria aurata, rf . \. broad at costa, narrow at 

inner margin, with waved sil- 
very-white edges, the inner edge more or less prominently in- 
dented on median nervure, the outer in the cell ; the outer area 
golden yellow ; a waved silvery-white submarginal line, with 
rufous on its inner edge, and blackish patches beyond it below 
apex and above outer angle. Hind wing w 7 hitish, with indistinct 
sinuous postmedial line, or sometimes suffused with fuscous, and 
with a series of pale submarginal spots ; the underside irrorated 
with fuscous and rufous, and with antemedial and medial lines, 
and submarginal series of white specks. 

One specimen has hardly any yellow tiuge, the markings being 
white suffused with rufous. 

Hab. Murree ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Bhutan; Tibet; Khasis. 
Earp. 32 millim. 

3648. Cidaria nugata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 132, fig. 39 ; C. # S. no. 3862. 
Harpalyce kashmirica, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 277 ; C. fy S. no. 3884. 

2 . Lemon-yellow ; head, thorax, and abdomen tinged with 
rufous. Pore wing with a basal rufous patch produced to slight 
angles in and below cell ; a broad medial rufous band, with 
yellowish middle and waved edges, constricted below the cell, and 
with an indentation in its inner edge in cell ; traces of a submar- 
ginal line. Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hab. Kashmir. Ecep. 34 millim. 

3649. Cidaria exquisita, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 375, pi. 30, fig. 2. 

Cupreous brown ; metathorax with a patch of silvery-blue 
scales ; abdomen ringed with blue scales. Pore wing with some 
silvery-blue scales, and two interrupted curved lines on basal area ; 
a waved antemedial silvery-blue line with two obscure golden lines 
inside it ; some medial patches of silvery-blue scales on the veins ; 
a waved silvery-blue postmedial line interrupted by a copper patch 
between veins 2 and 4, and with two waved golden lines beyond 
it ; an interrupted silvery-blue waved submarginal line. Hind 

2a2 



356 GEOMETRID^. 

wing fuscous ; both wings with white strigae on the cilia. Under- 
side of hind wing with six lunulate blue lines. 
Hab. Sikhiin. Exp. 32 millhn. 

3650. Cidaria dentistrigata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 374, pi. 30, fig. 4, 

<S . Dark rufous ; metathorax with a tuft of leaden scales. 
Fore wing suffused with leaden grey, except the basal area and a 
postmedial band ; four antemedial leaden lines ; the two outer 
most prominent and excurved in the cell ; two waved postmedial 
nes, with two other lines beyond them with fewer waves in them ; 
a submarginal waved line. Hind wiug with the base and inner 
area fuscous ; the apical area down to the cell and vein 2 white ; 
three waved submarginal white lines on inner area ; the margin 
fuscous and the cilia brown ; underside with cell-spot and curved 
postmedial line. 

Hab. Sikbim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 34 millhn. 

3651. Cidaria subrubescens, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 329; C. fy S. 

no. 3871 a. 
Melanippe despicienda, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 117, pi. 137, fig. 17. 

Rufous brown. Tore wing with the base blackish, bounded by 
an obliquely curved line ; a medial band, which is slightly suffused 
with black, or deep black, with waved grey edges, the inner edge 
curved, the outer angled below costa and on vein 4, then incurved ; 
an oblique discocellular striga touching the inner edge of the 
band ; traces of waved lines on outer area and of a waved grey 
submarginal line. Hind wing with speck at end of cell ; a medial 
line, which becomes black and double from vein 4 to inner margin ; 
indistinct waved lines on outer area. 

Hab. KW. Himalayas. Exp. 22 millim. 

3652. Cidaria subangulata, Koll. Hiigel's Kaschmir, iv, p. 490. 
Melanippe cymaria, Bull. III. Het. vii, p. 24 (nee Wlk.). 

Head and thorax grey, irrorated with fuscous ; abdomen with a 
reddish tinge. Fore wing with the base grey, with two slightly 
waved darker lines, followed by an antemedial grey-edged dove- 
coloured band with rufous middle, then a medial dark band, with 
waved grey edges and two black lines on it enclosing grey patches,, 
on one of which is a discocellular speck ; outer area grey, w T ith in- 
distinct waved lines on it ; a reddish patch on costa before apex ; 
a submarginal series of white specks. Hind wing whitish, slightly 
suffused with fuscous, and with about eight indistinct minutely 
waved lines. Underside with prominent waved white lines ; the 
outer area chestnut, with submarginal series of white specks. 

Hab. Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 34 millim. 

3653. Cidaria mediovittaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. Q5Q ; C. $ S, 

no. 3816. 

Differs from subangulata in being redder. Fore wiug with the 



CIDARIA. 357 

basal area rufous ; the medial band with almost regularly curved 
edges, rufous with a grey band at middle, not broken up into 
patches ; the indistinct waved lines of outer area more regular. 
Hind wing nearly white, with the waved lines very indistinct. 
Hah. Sikhiin. Exp. 32 millim. 

3654. Cidaria silaceata, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 113. 7* /' 
Pkalaena insulata, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 330. 

Cidaria oblongata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 472 ; C. 8f S. no. 3864. 
Cidaria substitute, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1691 ; C. fy S. no. 3873. 
Cidaria albolineata, Pack. Rep. Peab. Ac. v, p. 55. 
Eustroma dentifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 275 ; C. fy S. no. 3877. 
Cidaria umbrosaria, Butt. III. Het. vii, p. 24 (nee Motsch.). 
Epirrhoe subfalcata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 376. 

Dark reddish brown ; vertex of head and thorax marked with 
ochreous ; abdomen with white line on 1st segment. Fore wing 
with indistinct subbasal line, slightly angled below costa ; a grey 
antemedial band edged by sinuous white lines, the outer edge 
strongly toothed on median nervure; two indistinct dark waved 
medial lines, which meet in places and enclose the black cell- 
speck ; a double postmedial white line sending teeth inwards on 
veins 2 and 3, and having a series of dentate black marks with 
white edges beyond it, which decrease in size to the inner margin ; 
outer area suffused with ochreous ; a black mark with dentate 
white inner edge below apex, and some smaller white-edged black 
marks towards outer angle. Hind wing whitish, with traces of 
cell-speck and two postmedial lines, which on underside are pro- 
minent and have a dentate band beyond them. 

The Himalayan form oblongata is usually larger than the Nearctic 
and Palaearctic typical form. In the variety insulata veins 2 and 
3 of fore wing are pale, streaked at base, enclosing a dark patch 
on the medial area. 

Hah. United States ; Europe ; Japan ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim ; 
Khasis. Exp., 6 30-36, $ 30-40 millim. 

3655. Cidaria nivicincta, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 119, pi. 137, fig. 20. J> 

Differs from silaceata in the vertex of head and thorax being 
dark. Fore wing darker ; the antemedial band brown, more 
regular, and with the outer white edge toothed on vein 2 ; the £- * 
postmedial line less toothed, the area beyond it reddish brown ; 
the subapical patch with evenly curved inner edge. Hind wing 
dark fuscous, with curved postmedial pale line. 

Hah. Dharmsala ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

3656. Cidaria niphonica, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 452. /C 

Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown. Fore wing with the 
apex somewhat produced ; the base dark red-brown, with curved 
grey edge ; the antemedial band ferruginous, its outer grey edge 
angled in the cell and toothed below vein 2; the broad medial 



358 GE0METBID2E. 

band dark with black cell-speck, its outer grey edge angled on 
veins 4 and 1 ; the outer area ferruginous, shading to grey, with 
two obliquely placed black apical spots and traces of a waved pale 
submarginal line. Hind wing dark fuscous, with traces of post- 
medial pale line angled at vein 4. Underside fuscous, with pro- 
minent black cell-spots ; the outer area ferruginous. 

Bab. Japan; Simla; Dbarmsala; Sikhim. Exp. 40 milHm. 

3657. Cidaria triangulifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 275 ; C. fy S. no. 3883, 

S . Ferruginous ; the vertex of head and thorax white. Tore 
wing with the apex somewhat acute and produced ; indistinct 
waved subbasal and antemedial lines angled at middle ; two ob- 
scure medial lines meeting in places and a postmedial line ; a 
prominent oblique ochreous-white band, with whiter edges from 
costa before middle, joining at inner margin the similarly coloured 
band which occupies the whole outer area except a dark brown 
triangular patch on the margin below apex, and having on it a 
submarginal series of small dark white-edged lunules. Hind wing 
with fuscous speck at end of cell ; a waved medial line ; a post- 
medial line dentate towards inner margin, the area beyond it 
whitish, with a pale fulvous band on it angled at vein 2, and 
meeting a darker band which is broad at apex ; a dark lunule on 
outer margin from veins 3 to 6 ; both wings with fine dark mar- 
ginal line. Underside ochreous, irrorated with fuscous ; indistinct 
waved medial and postmedial lines, and sometimes a submarginal 
series of lnnulate marks. 

$ with the bands more prominent and paler. 
Bah. Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., 6 36, $ 42 millim, 

3658. Cidaria interplagata, Gum. Phal. ii, p. 463; C. $ $■ no. 3856. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous ; patagia with black 
patches; abdomen with paired dorsal black spots. Fore wing 
black-brown, with the apex somewhat produced ; an oblique 
ochreous subbasal line ; a very irregular antemedial band formed 
by two ochreous lines, with irregular markings between them ; 
the inner dentate in cell and on vein 1, the outer angled on 
median nervure, with a ring-spot in the cell on its outer edge, a 
fine angled line beyond it, and connected with the markings of 
the outer area by ochreous streaks along veins 2, 3, and 4 ; the 
markings of the outer area consist of a large reddish-ochreous 
patch at outer angle, with three white spots on it, joined by three 
oblique conjoined postmedial lines from the costa, and a lunulate 
submarginal line joined by an oblique streak from apex ; a series 
of black lunules close to the margin. Hind wing ochreous, slightly 
suffused with fuscous ; indistinct medial and postmedial lines, the 
latter dentate towards inner margin; a submarginal series of 
whitish spots, and the veins near anal angle streaked with rufous. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 



CIDAEIA. 359 

/ 

3659. Cidaria delecta, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 229 ; id. III. Set. 

vi, pi. 120, fig. 8; C. # &'. no. 3852. Zf 

3 . Differs from interplagata in the first line of the fore wing 
being further from the base and forked towards inner margin ; 
the antemedial markings reduced to a double oblique hue from 
costa before middle to the markings of outer area, aud joined to 
the first line by streaks in the cell and above vein 1 ; the markings 
of outer area reduced, joined by only two postmedial lines from the 
costa, toothed on vein 3, and leaving two lunulate black patches on 
the margin ; medial black-edged patches on the costal and inner areas. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3660. Cidaria mixtilineata, n. sp. 

9 . Differs from delecta in the first line of the fore wing being 
acutely angled and conjoined to the markings of outer area below 
vein 2 ; the antemedial markings more oblique and joined by 
streaks on veins 3, -1 to the markings of outer area ; the sub mar- 
ginal line slightly waved and crossed by the curved line from apex. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3661. Cidaria dissecta, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii ; p. 488, pi. 207, fig. 9 

C. 8f S. no. 3878. 
" Ecliptoptera rectilinea, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 679. 

<3 . Differs from interplagata in the thorax and abdomen having 
more dark markings. Fore wing with the subbasal line slightly 
angled in cell ; the antemedial band narrower, the inner edge 
angled in cell only, the outer without the spot and line beyond it, 
and only connected with the markings of outer area by a streak 
along vein 2 ; the markings of the outer area reduced and joined 
from the costa by a single postmedial line, which is sinuous and 
has two dark lines on it ; there are also present a black ante- 
medial line and a black-edged medial patch from costa to vein 3, 
and another on inner area. Hind wing with the outer area 
suffused with rufous. 

The N. Indian and Celebes form reetilinea has the subbasal line 
dark, the inner edge of the postmedial markings straight. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Mlgiris ; Ceylon ; Celebes. Eocp, 
48 millim. 

3662. Cidaria relata, Butl A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 229 ; id. III. Het. 

vi, pi. 120, fig. 9 ; C. $ S. no. 3867. 

J . Dark brown. Fore wing with slight subbasal line ; curved 
antemedial whitish-brown band ; a medial band highly angled 
below cell, sending out a fascia to join the curved postmedial band, 
then conjoined to the antemedial band above inner margin, each 
of these bands being traversed by a dark line ; an obscure sub- 
marginal series of dark lunules ; a pale submarginal line arising 
from the apex, much incurved and angled outwards to the margin 
at middle, then slightly incurved. Hind wing whitish ; some 
brown on margin near anal angle, and a white mark above the angle. 
Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 



360 GEOMETEID^l. 

b. (Eustroina). Fore iving of male iviih a fringe of long Mir on 
medial part of vein 1 on underside. 

3663. Cidaria porphyriata, Moore, Lep. Aik. p. 276 ;C.$S. no. 3881. 
Cidaria multistriata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 119, pi. 137, fig. 21. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous and grey. Fore wing bright 
rufous, with numerous prominent white lines ; four sinuous 
outwardly-oblique lines on basal area ; a double broader ante- 
medial line angled on median nervure; two indistinct double 
lines on medial area, the outer highly angled at lower angle of 
cell ; a dark striga on discocellulars ; a double postmedial line 
oblique from costa to vein 4, where it is joined by the submarginal 
line, and thence very highly crenulate to inner margin. Hind 
wing whitish, with some dark marks and traces of a pale w r aved 
submarginal line on anal area. 

Hob. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 26-30 millim. 

3664. Cidaria inextricata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1691 ; C. $ S. no. 3854. 
Cidaria eerosa, Butl. A.M.N.H. (5) i, p. 451. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous, with slight black 
markings. Fore wing black-brown ; the veins ochreous ; an ob- 
lique sinuous subbasal ochreous line ; an antemedial ochreous 
band composed of two lines filled in with ochreous except at costa, 
very highly dentate on vein 2, where it joins the markings of 
outer area ; a line line beyond it ; the medial area with a fine 
ochreous line enclosing a patch from costa to vein 2, and a figure- 
of-8-shaped mark above inner margin ; the markings of outer 
area consist of two lines from the costa joined at vein 5 by 
a crenulate submarginal line and oblique streak from apex, 
then becoming a highly crenulate band, with its inner part dark 
ochreous. Hind wing pale ochreous, with two postmedial waved 
lines and marginal fuscous band. Underside ochreous, with post- 
medial dentate line. 

Hab. Japan ; Sikhim. Exp. 36 millim. 

3665. Cidaria aurigena, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 230 ; id. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 120, tig. 10 ; C. 8f 8. no. 3845. 

Differs from inextricata in the stripes on thorax and markings of 
fore wing being bright brassy yellow. Eore wing with the base 
brassy yellow ; the antemedial band broader, with brassy suffusion 
on it, before it, and beyond it, not so highly angled on vein 2, nor 
joined to the markings of outer area except by brassy suffusion ; 
the postmedial band broader, joined to the medial patch by brassy 
suffusion, its inner edge not crenulate ; brassy suffusion on the 
outer area from vein 4 to outer angle. Hind wing dark fuscous. 
Underside of fore wing with the disk fuscous. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

v 3666. Cidaria chalcoptera, n. sp. 

5 . Differs from aurigena in the ground-colour being chestnut ; 



CIDAEIA. 361 

basal area of fore wing chestnut, with the white subbasal line 
crossing it and no golden suffusion ; the outer edge of the ante- 
medial brazen band conjoined to the postmedial band below costa, 
and leaving below that a very irregular medial chestnut band ; the 
margin chestnut at outer angle. Hind wing whitish, with four 
pale waved bands on outer area. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet {Elwes). Exp. 32 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3667. Cidaria decurrens, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 276 ; C. $ S. no. 3876. Z 

Rufous ; head and thorax with a white stripe ; abdomen whitish. 
Fore wing with an oblique white subbasal line ; four other lines 
on basal half, angled below cell, complicated by other lines and 
streaks, and all running into a large pale yellow patch, which 
occupies the area near outer angle, into which also run five other 
lines on the outer half, the line nearest the margin being crossed 
by a line from apex ; on the yellow patch is a red patch with 
yellow spots on it ; the veins of outer area streaked with white ; 
a fine marginal white line and three black spots towards outer 
angle. Hind wing very pale brown, with traces of pale post- 
medial and submarginal curved lines. 

Hab. Japan ; Nynee Tal ; Khasis. Exp., $ 30, $ 34 millim. 



36 



3668. Cidaria cervinaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 664 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3848. S 
Cidaria multifaria, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 429, pi. 44, fig. 9. / 

Head and thorax purplish ; the head, collar, and patagia with 
ochreous-edged black spots; abdomen fuscous. Pore wing with 
complicated pale purplish and black markings ; the base purplish, 
with a subbasal series of black specks ; two almost conjoined irre- 
gular black antemedial patches ; the antemedial band purplish, 
with a series of small black spots on it ; the medial area black, 
broad at costa, narrow at inner margin ; the median nervure and 
base of vein 4 streaked with ochreous in the form multifaria ; a 
medial Y _sna P e( i purplish mark from costa to lower angle of cell ; 
the outer area purplish, with sinuous outer edge and indistinct 
sinuous lines on it ; the submarginal line with highly irregular 
black patch on its costal portion, and some black specks above inner 
margin ; an apical black spot. Hind wing pale fuscous, with in- 
distinct waved postmedial and submarginal lines. Underside greyish 
fuscous, with dentate postmedial line ; hind wing with cell-spot. 

The male is more purplish in colour : one form has the hind 
wing angled at vein 3 ; the inner margin of hind wing and under- 
side of abdomen with tufts of hair — the Sikhim race w T ith the tuft 
on vein 1 dark and from near base, the Khasi race with it ochreous 
and extending to outer margin of hind wing ; another Khasi form 
has the outer margin of hind wing rounded, no tufts on inner 
margin of hind wing or abdomen, the tufts on vein 1 from near 
base and ochreous. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp., <$ 36, £ 44 millim. 



362 GEOMETEIDJE. 

3669. Cidaria fissisignis, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 228; id. III. 

Het. vi, pi. 120, fig. 7 ; C. $ S. no. 3853. 
Cidaria reticulata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 662 ; C. $ S. no. 3868 
(preeocc). 

d . Differs from cervinaria in the head and thorax being with- 
out black spots ; the patagia black. Fore wing with the purplish 
areas paler ; the subbasal black specks replaced by two patches ; 
the antemedial purplish band divided into two bands enclosing two 
black spots, the outer band highly angled in cell and joined to the 
medial costal mark, which is a quadrate patch with two black spots 
on it ; the inner edge of the outer purplish area sends two teeth 
inwards to the medial costal mark, and one along vein 2 nearly 
to the cell ; a series of quadrate black marks on the margin ; the 
median nervure not streaked with ochreous. Hind wing much 
whiter ; some fuscous suffusion on outer margin near anal angle. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 44 millim. 

B. (Gnamptopteryx). Fore wing of male with the inner basal area 
very much contorted, with a patch offlocculent scales on underside, 
covered by a tuft of long hair below base of vein 1, ivhich is 
twisted and bears a fringe of long hair ; hind wing with the 
base ofcosta produced upwards to form a large lobe, to ivhich vein 
8 is bent upwards instead of anastomosing ivith 7 ; veins 6, 7 
from angle of cell ; abdomen with the lateral tufts large, and a 
very large pale terminal tuft. 

3670. Cidaria perficita, Wlk. Cat. xv, p. 1809 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix y 

pi. 170, figs. 7, 14 ; C. $ S. no. 3765. 
Larentia comprensata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1703. 

c? . Dark fuscous brown ; the thorax and abdomen with obscure 
purplish bands. Fore wing with a red streak on subcostal nervure, 
and numerous waved dark lines defined by obscure purplish bands. 
Hind wing with traces of waved lines. Underside with discocellular 
lunules, and irregularly sinuous blackish medial band. 

2 . More rufous in colour ; fore wing with antemedial and post- 
medial grey bands. 

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 40 millim. 

Sect. II. {Cidaria). Antennae of male minutely serrate 
and fasciculate. 

A. Fore wing of male ivith no tuft on underside. 

3671. Cidaria saturata, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 269 ; C. fy S. no, 3778. 
Larentia exliturata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1195 ; C. fy S. no. 3760. 
Larentia granitalis, JSutl. III. Het. vii, p. 114, pi. 137, fig. 8. 
Larentia hernana, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 444. O 

Coremia livida/ Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 449; C. 8f 8. / 
no. 3814 a. 

Pale rufous. Fore wing with numerous very indistinct pale 
waved lines ; a broad medial blackish band with waved edges and 



CIDARIA.. 363 

narrowing from vein 2 to inner margin ; a black spot on it at end of 
cell and three waved black lines, two of which form spots or annuli 
on its inner portion ; diffused fuscous patches on costa before apex 
and on outer margin below apex ; a waved grey submarginal line. 
Hind wing pale, more or less suffused with fuscous ; three indis- 
tinct waved lines on medial area, and a waved grey submarginal 
line. 

Some specimens are considerably darker than others. 

Hab. Natal ; Japan ; China ; JN\W. Himalayas ; Khasis ; Nil- 
giris. Exp. 28 millim. 

3672. Cidaria fluviata, Hilbn. Samml. eur. Schmett., Geom. figs. 280, K 

281. % 2*^ 

Geometra gemmata, Hilbn. Samml. eur. Schmett., Geom. fig. 283. 
Camptogramma baccata, Gum. Phal. ii, p. 430 ; Moore, Lep. CeyL 

iii, pi. 206, fig. 7 ; C. fy S. no. 3895. 
Cidaria peracutata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1421. 

S . Pale rufous. Fore wing with numerous indistinct sinuous 
lines on basal area ; a dark medial band with black cell-speck on it, 
its inner edge curved, its outer sinuous ; an indistinct sinuous 
line beyond it, followed by a more prominent sinuous postmedial 
line with grey outer edge ; a waved submarginal line joined by an 
oblique streak from apex. Hind wing with numerous indistinct 
waved lines, the most prominent being curved ante- and postmedial 
lines ; the basal area darker. 

$ . Much more uniform dark red ; fore wing with the medial 
band obscure, broader, and with a white discocellular annulus 
on it. 

Hab. Nearctic region ; Chili ; Palsearctic region ; throughout 
India, Ceylon, and Burma. Exp. 24 millim. 

B. Fore iving of male with a tuft of long black hair on underside 
from base of vein 1 . 

3673. Cidaria fuscigrisea, n. sp. 

S . Grey and fuscous. Fore w T ing with numerous obliquely 
waved indistinct dark lines, two of the subbasal lines, two ante- 
medial, and two postmedial being filled in with rufous, forming 
obscure bands ; a dark discocellular striga. Hind wing fuscous, 
with obscure waved lines on anal area. 

Hab. Simla {Harford). Exp. 32 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. III. (Coremia). Antennas of male bipectinated. 

3674. Cidaria fissiferata, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1194; C. $ S. no. 3761. 
Larentia intermixta, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1194 ; C. fy S. no. 3763. 

(S . Head and thorax grey, rufous, and fuscous ; abdomen grey. 
Fore wing grey, suffused with rufous, and with numerous dark 
sinuous lines ; subbasal, ante- and postmedial grey lines, the two 
latter with the area between them rather darker and forming a 
medial band with black cell-spot on it, the postmedial line angled 



364 geometeid^e. 

below the costa and on vein 4 ; a waved grey submarginal line 
and grey streak from apex. Hind wing pale fuscous grey. Under- 
side browner; each wing with cell-speck, postmedial and submar- 
ginal lines. 

2 • Pore wing with bands of silvery grey, on which the dark 
subbasal, antemedial, and postmedial lines show up prominently ; 
some pink scales on the veins, inside the subbasal line, and on the 
medial band. 

Hab. Mlgiri plateau. Exp. 34 millim. 

3675. Cidaria molata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 132, fig. 23; C. $ S. 

no.3897. 7. 

Grey, rufous, and fuscous. Fore wiug with basal dark patch 
edged by a grey line ; a broad medial band with waved whitish 
edges and black waved lines on it, two of whicb enclose a white 
band which is wide in the cell, bearing the discocellular black 
speck, then narrowing to inner margin ; an indistinct waved grey 
submarginal line with fuscous patches on costa and below apex ; 
an apical white patch. Hind wing whitish, with traces of fuscous 
postmedial lines. 

Another form is much more rufous, with the whole medial band 
of fore wing fuscous black, with no white on it or at apex ; the 
darker specimens of this form having the hind wing fuscous. 

Another form is olive-brown, with all the markings of the fore 
wing obsolescent, except a diffused black basal patch and medial 
band ; the hind wing dark fuscous. 

Hab. Mlgiri plateau ; Ceylon. Exp. 32 millim. 

3676. Cidaria magnificata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1312; C. fy 8. no. 

3815. 
Cidaria subseparata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1403 ; C. $ S. no. 3872. 
Cidaria inspurcata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1403 ; C. $ S. no. 3855. 
Cidaria albilinea, Hmpsn. III. Met. viii, p. 120, pi. 152, fig. 9, 
Cidaria fumipennis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 120, pi. 152, fig. 7. 

S . Eufous. Fore wiug with numerous waved black lines ; the 
basal area and medial band fuscous, the latter with waved grey 
edges, the black lines on it enclosing below the costa a large pale 
patch, on which is the discocellular speck, and two pale spots 
above inner margin, the outer edge angled below the costa and on 
vein 4 ; a waved grey submarginal hue, with fuscous patches on it 
at costa and below apex ; a marginal series of black specks. Hind 
wing brownish fuscous, with traces of waved postmedial and sub- 
marginal lines. 

The form fumipennis is entirely suffused with purplish fuscous, 
with only slight traces of rufous between the lines of fore wing; 
hind wing and cilia pale purplish fuscous. 

2 • Much greyer and less rufous ; fore wing with the waved 
black lines more prominent ; the patches on the medial band grey ; 
the cell-speck rufous ; the outer edge of the medial band promi- 
nent and white. Hind wing more fuscous, with the cilia ochreous. 



CIDAKIA. 365 

111 the male the discocellulars of hind wing are somewhat angled, 
vein 5 arising from below the angle. 

Hab. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 36-42 millim. 

3677. Cidaria curcumata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 278 ; C. $ S. no. 3851. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black and grey-brown, with a few- 
rufous and vinous scales. Fore wing with the base black, with 
some vinous scales on it ; a green antemedial band, with two black 
lunules and two dentate lines on it ; a broad medial black band 
with waved black lines on it, enclosing black patches and spots, its 
inner edge angled in cell and on vein 2, its outer waved aud pro- 
duced to an angle on vein 4 ; the outer area green, with, waved 
black lines ; fuscous patches on costa before apex and on outer 
margin below apex ; a pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing 
white, the inner area suffused with fuscous. Underside grey, with 
cell-spots and irregularly waved and angled postmedial line. 

Hab. Simla ; Dalhousie ; Sikhirn ; Khasis. Exp. 36 millim. 

3678. Cidaria viridata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 661; C. $ S. 

no. 3875. 

Bright green ; the palpi fuscous ; thorax and abdomen with 
black markings ; anal tuft of male ochreous. Fore wing with 
basal black patch on costa ; a purplish-fuscous antemedial band 
with waved edges ; the medial area purplish fuscous, with some 
green in cell and on costa ; a cell-speck and two waved lines on it ; 
the edges sinuous, the inner edge angled in cell, the outer on vein 
4 ; traces of a waved submarginal line ; dark patches on costa 
before apex and on outer margin below apex. Hind wing ochreous 
white, with traces of cell-speck and postmedial band. 

Hab. Sikhirn; Khasis. Exp., <3 22, $ 28 millim. 

3679. Cidaria imbrata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 380 ; C. fy 8. no. 3893. 

2 . Differs from viridata in the postmedial band of fore wing- 
being edged with white on outer side ; the submarginal line with 
some white on it. Hind wing bright rufous. 
Hab. Sikhirn. Exp. 30 millim. 

3680. Cidaria ohfuscata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 376. 
Cidaria bareconia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1894, p. 189. 

(S . Head and thorax fuscous, suffused with leaden grey ; abdo- 
men rufous. Eore wing pale rufous, with the basal area fuscous 
suffused with leaden grey extending along the costa to the post- 
medial line ; an apical fuscous and leaden-grey patch : about five 
indistinct curved lines on basal area : traces of waved medial and 
postmedial lines, the latter with some pale specks on it ; traces of 
two waved submarginal lines, the outer with dark rufous patches 
below costa and above inner margin. Hind wing dark fuscous. 
Underside greyish fuscous. 

Hab. Sikhirn ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 24 millim. 



366 GEOMETEID^I. 

3681. Cidaria divergens, Butt. III. Set vii, p. 118, pi. 137, fig. 18. 

Gre3^-brown. Fore wing with a dark antemedial band ; the 
medial area with a dark band on its inner edge, a discocellular 
line, a waved line excurved beyond cell, the outer edge of the area 
produced to angles at veins 6 and 4, and with a dark patch be- 
tween those points ; a waved submarginal line. Hind wing pale 
fuscous brown ; underside with cell-speck, postmedial and sub- 
marginal lines. 

One specimen has the antemedial and outer areas of fore wing 
suffused with green. 

Hah. Dalhousie ; Dharmsala. Exp. 26 millim. 

Genus GONANTICLEA. 

Gonanticlea, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 3. 

Type, G. aversa, Swinh. 

Range. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. 

Differs from Cidaria in the palpi having the 2nd joint reaching 
well beyond the frontal tuft, the 3rd prominent ; antennae of male 
ciliated ; fore wing with the outer margin slightly dentate below 
apex and angled at vein 4 ; hind wing with the outer margin 
slightly angled at vein 4 ; vein 5 from below middle of disco- 
cellulars, which are angled. 

3682. Gonanticlea occlusata, Feld. JReis. Nov. pi. 132, fig. 16 ; C. $ 8. 

no. 3809. / Z . 

<S . Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous. Fore wing with the 
base dark, and defined by a curved pale line ; the antemedial area 
rufous ; the medial area blackish, defined by sinuous grey lines, 

the inner angled on median 
nervure, the outar on veins 
6 and 4, and bearing a black 
cell -speck and straight oblique 
purplish-grey medial band ; 
the outer area purplish grey, 
with rufous patch on costa 
before apex with a black spot 
Fig. 177. —Gonanticlea occlusata, tf. j. below it ; traces of a waved 

grey submarginal line. Hind 
wing rufous. Underside fulvous yellow, with cell-speck to each 
wing ; the outer area suffused with fuscous ; hind wing with post- 
medial line. 

$ • The portion of the medial area of fore wing beyond 
grey band grey, except at costa, and with three nearly straight lines 
on it. 

Hah. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

3683. Gonanticlea aversa, Swinh. Trans. JSnt Soc. 1892, p. 4. Z/ 

Head, thorax, and abdomen blackish brown. Fore wing with 
the base rufous, defined by a curved grey line ; the antemedial 




GONANTICLEA. LAKENTIA. 367 

area purplish grey ; the antemedial line grey, with a dark band on 
its inner edge crossing to the outer side at costa ; the postmedial 
line grey, angled, and with a dark patch inside it below costa ; a 
black dentate mark beyond it below costa, and a black spot at apex ; 
indistinct waved lines on medial and outer areas. Hind wing dark 
fuscous. Underside with diffused ochreous on costal area of fore 
wing and basal half of hind wing. 

Another form has the antemedial area of fore wing dark ; the 
medial area and a large patch on the margin below apex ochreous. 

Hah. Kbasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus LARENTIA. 

Larentia, Treztschke, Eur. Sehmett. vi, 2, p. 75 (1828). 
Hydriomena, Hiibn. Verz. p. 322 (? 1818) (non descr.). 
Perizoma, Hilbn. Verz. p. 327. 
Xanthorhoe, Hiibn. Verz. p. 327. 
Glaucoptervx, Hiibn. Verz. p. 332. 
Thera, Steph. III. Brit. Ent, Haust. iii, p. 271 (1829). 
Polyphasia, Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 227. 
Anticlea, Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii, p. 236. 
Paralophia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893. p. 371. 
Gagitodes, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 381. 

Type, L. cervinata, Schiff., from Europe. 
Range. Universally distributed. 

Differs from Cidaria in the hind wing having the discocellulars 
angled ; vein 5 from below the middle. 

Sect. I. Wings smoothly scaled ; claspers of male not exserted. 

A. (Larentia). Antenna? of male hipectinated ; fore wing with 
vein 6 from above angle of cell. 

3684. Larentia ustipennis, n. sp, 

<5 . Ferruginous red, irrorated with grey. Fore wing with 
sinuous grey subbasal line ; minutely waved antemedial line deeply 
toothed in the cell ; a sinuous postmedial line angled on vein 4 
and with some grey beyond it : some grey on outer margin ; two 
indistinct sinuous dark medial lines and a discocellular speck. 
Hind wing grey-brown, with traces of a postmedial band with dark 
lines on it. Underside with black cell-spots and grey postmedial 
line angled on vein 4, having black suffusion inside it on hind 
wing. 

Hah. Dharmsala {Hocking). Exp. 34 millim. Type in B. M. 

3685. Larentia albigirata, Roll. HiigeVs Kaschmir, iv, p. 489 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3838. 
Cidaria signata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 661 ; C. $ S. no. 3870. 
Cidaria jarneza, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 452; id. III. Het. 

iii, pi. 55, fig. 9 ; C. 8> S. no. 3857. 
Cidaria thomasata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 329; C. $ S. 

no. 3873 a. 

Dark brown, irrorated with grey. Fore wing with numerous 



o 



368 GEOMETEID^. 

indistinct waved dark lines ; minutely waved grey subbasal, ante- 
medial, and postmedial lines, the 2nd deeply toothed on median 
nervure, the 3rd angled on vein 4 and sending a tooth inwards on 
vein 2 ; a grey-edged black discocellular lunule ; a waved grey sub- 
marginal line and subapical grey streak. Hind wing fuscous, with 
more or less prominent submarginal grey specks. Underside with 
prominent black cell-specks and irregularly dentate postmedial 
grey line with black on its inner edge, which on the hind wing 
sometimes shows through to the upperside as a pale band with a 
dark line on it. 

Hab. Japan ; N.W. Himalayas. Exp., d 34, $ 40 millim. 

B. Antennae of male ciliated. 

a'. Fore wing ivith vein 6 from angle of cell. 

a 2 . Palpi reaching well beyond the frons. 

a 3 . Hind wing of male with no tuft of hair on underside above 
middle of vein 1 b. 

a 4 . (Paralophia). Abdomen of male with large lateral tufts of 
hair on distal segments. 

3686. Larentia siderifera, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 276 ; C. $ S. no. 3882. 
Paralophia pustulata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 371, pi. 30, fig. 7. 

Fuscous brown. Pore wing with indistinct waved white sub- 
basal line ; the broad dark medial area with black cell-spot and two 
waved lines on it, inwardly edged by two waved white lines, the 
outer toothed in cell and above vein 1, and outwardly edged by 
three dentate white lines angled at vein 4, and with a large white 
spot on them at vein 5 ; a submarginal series of black and white 
specks ; an indistinct oblique streak from apex. Hind wing 
whitish. Underside of hind wing and outer area of fore wing 
ochreous, speckled with fuscous ; a postmedial line angled at vein 
4 of each wing, and toothed inwards in cell and below vein 2 of 
hind wing ; a submarginal series of prominent white specks. 

One female is dark fuscous evenly irrorated with grey, and with 
the white markings slightly differentiated ; hind wing fuscous grey. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 34-40 millim. 

3687. Larentia argentilineata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 660, pi. 33, 

fig. 5; C. $ 8. no. 3842. 

Black-brown. Pore wing with curved subbasal white line ; 
double antemedial line, the median nervure beyond it and veins 2 
and 3 streaked with white ; a treble postmedial slightly curved 
line with diffused white beyond it; a dentate submarginal line 
crossed by an oblique white streak from apex. Hind wing fuscous, 
with traces of pale waved lines on outer area. Underside fuscous, 
with traces of pale waved lines and submarginal series of white 
specks. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 42 millim. 



>/« 



LARENTIA. 369 

b 4 . Abdomen of male ivithout large lateral tufts of hair 
on distal segments. 

3688. Larentia homophana, n. sp. 

Almost indistinguishable in markings from albigirata ; the ante- 
medial line of fore wing rather more irregular below the cell ; the 
postmedial line less highly angled on vein 4. 

Hah. Simla ; Dalhousie {Harford). Exp., tf 34, $ 40 millim. 
Type in B. M. 

A • 

3689. Larentia indistincta, Butl. III. Set. vii, p. 118, pi. 137, fig. 19. 

Fuscous grey; the palpi black. Fore wing with indistinct 
waved olive-brown lines, one subbasal, three antemedial, four post- 
medial, and two submarginal ; blackish patches on the last post- 
medial line beyond the cell and on the outer submarginal line below 
apex ; a small black subapical spot. Hind wiug with two postmedial 
and two submarginal very indistinct w T aved lines ; both wings with 
marginal series of black lunules. 

Hob. Simla ; Dharmsala. Exp,, $ 32, $ 36 millim. 



Lyv 



3690. Larentia punctatissima, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 368. 

Fuscous, thickly irrorated with grey. Fore wing with indistinct 
waved subbasal line ; the medial area delineated by ante- and 
postmedial series of white specks on the veins, and with a series of 
smaller specks at middle ; the black cell-speck on a grey patch. 
Hind wing whitish grey ; cilia of both wings grey and fuscous. 
Underside of hind wing with cell-speck and traces of waved post- 
medial and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

3691. Larentia stellata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 367. 

Larentia adjrouaria, Oberth. Et. Ent. xviii, p. 36, pi. iv, fig. 59. 

2 . Head and thorax olive-green, irrorated with blue-grey specks : 
abdomen fuscous, with dark segmental rings. Fore wing olive- 
green, with about eight series of blue-grey specks on the veins and 
a crenulate submarginal line ; a series of marginal white specks ; 
traces of antemedial and medial darker bands and some submar- 
ginal waved lines ; cilia tipped with white. Hind wing whitish, 
with indistinct submarginal line ; underside with cell-speck and 
six waved lines beyond it. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet; Tibet. Exp. 42 millim. 

3692. Larentia cupreata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 655: C. & S 

no. 3812. 

2 • Rufous, slightly irrorated with grey. Fore wing with in- 
distinct waved white line near base ; double subbasal and ante- 
medial waved white lines ; a dark rufous medial band forking 
towards costa and inner margin, the area beyond it rufous shading. 

VOL. III. 2 B 



^ 



370 GEOMETRID^. 

to golden yellow, then rufous again on apical area and area near 
outer angle ; a double series of dark post-medial specks on the veins 
and traces of double waved white line ; some white and dark sub- 
marginal marks. Hind wing pale brownish fuscous ; underside 
with indistinct cell-speck ; waved whitish postmedial line ; the 
inner area dark brown. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 38 millim. 

3693. Larentia latifusata, Wlh. Cat. xxv, p. 1298 ; C. % S. no. 3813. 
Cidaria nsemata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 132, fig. 32; C. $ S. 

no. 3861. 

Dark red-brown, Fore wing with nearly straight subbasal black 
line ; an antemedial line, which is slightly bent outwards from 
subcostal nervure to middle of interno-median interspace ; a speck 
at end of cell ; a sinuous postmedial line excurved between veins 
4 and 2, and with an indistinct pale band on which are two waved 
lines beyond it ; some submarginal white specks and two obliquely 
placed black spots from apex. Hind wing fuscous, with an indi- 
stinct pale postmedial band excurved from veins 2 to 4, on which 
is a dark line. 

Hah. Murree ; Dalhousie. Exp. 34-38 millim. 

3694. Larentia combusta, Swinh. MS. 

<J . Rufous ; palpi and metathoracic tuft black ; abdomen 
greyish. Fore wing with numerous indistinct oblique dark waved 
lines ; small grey antemedial, medial, and postmedial patches on 
the costa, and a large patch on outer area below middle ; some dark 
suffusion on antemedial area and on outer area below apex. Hind 
wing whitish ; the inner and outer areas slightly tinged with rufous ; 
a black speck on angle of discocellulars ; a curved postmedial line, 
bent inwards near inner margin. 

Hah. Khasis. Exp. 40 millim. 

3695. Larentia nigralbata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 327; C. Sr S. 

no. 3821 a. 

Fuscous black. Eore wing irrorated with a few white scales ; 
subbasal and antemedial series of white specks on the veins angled 
below the costa ; a large oblique postmedial white patch from 
costa to vein 3, with irregularly waved white edges and crossed by 
a waved postmedial line, which on the black areas is represented 
by white specks on the veins ; a subapical series of white specks 
with larger spots at middle and above outer angle. Hind wing 
with submarginal series of white specks ; the cilia whitish near 
apex. 

Hah. Thundiani, Punjab ; Sikhim. Exp., tf 46, $ 56 millim. 

3696. Larentia albiplaga, Oberth. Et. Ent. xi, p. 34, pi. vi, fig. 42. 

Differs from nigralbata in being browner. Eore wing with the 
subbasal, ante- and postmedial series of white specks replaced by 



LARENTIA. 371 

indistinct double waved pale lines ; the medial patch grey and 
much reduced, extending from costa to lower angle of cell ; whitish 
spots on the submarginal line at middle and on vein 2. 
Hah. Tibet ; Sikhim. Exp., 6 44, $ 50 millim. 

3697. Larentia flavistrigata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 329 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3812 A. 
' Epirrhoe pallidaria, Sivinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 156. 

Head and thorax grey and black ; abdomen with a rufous tinge. 
Fore wing grey, irrorated with black and with some silvery scales ; 
a waved antemedial line ; an ochreous streak on median nervure ; 
a broad medial black band with waved grey edges, two waved lines 
on it and a black spot on discocellulars ; outer area with some 
ndistinct waved lines; a waved grey submarginal line w 7 ith a 
black patch inside it on costa before apex, a subapical spot and 
some ochreous suffusion inside the liue. Hind wing pale suffused 
with fuscous, with indistinct waved lines on postmedial area and 
an indistinct waved whitish submarginal line. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 24-28 millim. 

3698. Larentia brevifasciata, TVarr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 330 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3846 a. 

$ . Fuscous black. Fore wing with straight subbasal white 
line ; an antemedial white band with a black line on it, sending 
a spur in the cell to the discocellular black speck, and joined below 
the cell and on inner margin to a similar postmedial band, which is 
angled outwards at middle to the margin ; a waved white sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing white, slightly tinged with fuscous ; a 
speck at end of cell and indistinct postmedial line highly excurved 
beyond lower angle of cell ; underside with the cell-speck and 
postmedial line prominent. 

Hah. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 30 millim. 

3699. Larentia costipannaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 654; C. ty S. 

no. 3769. 

<S . Chestnut-brown, with a slight violaceous tinge ; head and 
thorax blackish ; abdomen blackish towards extremity. Fore 
wing with the base black ; two black specks on costa and a large 
medial triangular patch extending almost to the lower angle of 
cell ; traces of a curved postmedial line ; a submarginal whitish 
line curving out to the margin at middle, and with blackish marks 
beyond it below apex and at outer angle. Hind w T ing with disco- 
cellular black speck ; some indistinct postmedial specks from vein 
5 to inner margin ; traces of a submarginal whitish line. Under- 
side of each wing with black cell-spot and curved submarginal 
series of specks. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 28 millim. 

2b2 



H ( 



372 GEOMETRID^E. 

3700. Larentia maculata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 277; C. fy S, no. 3858, 

Dark cupreous brown ; vertex of head white ; thorax white, 
except the collar ; basal segment of abdomen white. Fore wing 
with a few white specks, a large basal white patch on inner area ; 
a broad antemedial white band with irregularly sinuous edges ; 
large postmedial patches on costa and inner margin ; a submargiual 
series of white specks and a large white patch at middle. Hind 
wing white, with traces of a sinuous postmedial line and broad 
marginal fuscous band ; the underside fuscous, irrorated w T itb 
white, with a cell-speck and whitish postmedial band. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 28 millim. 

b 3 . Male with a thick tuft of hair on underside of hind wing 
above middle of vein 1 b. 

3701. Larentia hypolopha, n. sp. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen orange, with fuscous spots ; 
palpi and frontal tuft black. Fore wing white ; the base tinged 
with orange ; a broad pale fuscous medial band with waved edges ; 
the outer area fuscous, with two indistinct waved lines on its inner 
edge, and a prominent waved white submarginal line. Hind wing 
white, with medial pale fuscous band with waved edges ; the 
marginal area pale fuscous, with waved white submarginal line ; 
underside with the tuft blackish. 

Hah. Sikhim (Knyvett). Exp. 46 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3702. Larentia abraxidia, n. sp. 

$ • Head blackish ; thorax and abdomen orange, the latter with 
paired dorsal and lateral black spots. Fore wing blackish with 
white markings, of which the largest is a white patch from middle 
of costa to outer margin below middle ; the base tinged with orange ; 
a single subbasal and double antemedial white line angled in cell ; 
a black cell-spot ; two indistinct dark waved medial lines and a 
more prominent postmedial line ; traces of waved lines on outer 
area. Hind wing white, with black cell-spot; some fuscous 
markings on inner margin and ill-defined maculate submarginal 
and almost marginal bands, a black marginal line. 

Hab. Sikhim {Knyvett). Exp. 50 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 



b 2 . Palpi not reaching beyond the frons. 

3703. Larentia lacteiguttata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 378, pi. 30. 

fig. 16. 

Dark cupreous brown ; head with a white spot on vertex ; thorax 
and abdomen with white specks, the prothorax with a pair of 
prominent white spots. Fore wing with prominent white specks 
and spots, of which some on the costa, inner margin, end of cell 




V 



LABENTIA. 373 

below apex, and on outer margin are the largest. Hind wing 
fuscous, with white specks and spots, of which postmedial and sub- 
marginal series are the most prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 28 millim. 

b'. Fore wing ivith vein 6 from above angle of cell. 
a 2 . Male with no fringe of hair in the cell below. 

3704. Larentia seriata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 278 ; C. $ S. no. 3869. 

Rufous ; the head, thorax, and abdomen marked with black, and 
slightly irrorated with white scales. Fore wing with a basal black 

patch bounded by a curved white 
line; a broad medial black band 
with waved white edges and traces 
of waved lines on it ; some irregular 
white submarginal spots, one at 
middle being developed into a very 
large patch ; diffused blackish 
178.— Larentia seriata, tf . \. patches at apex and above the white 
patch ; some white marginal specks ; 
cilia rufous and black. Hind wins; pale fuscous or whitish, with 
indistinct paler postmedial band with fuscous edges. 

The submarginal white spots and patch may be suffused with 
rufous. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas. Exp. 24 millim. 

3705. Larentia bicolor, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 379. 

Differs from seriata in the basal black patch of fore wing being 
smaller ; the medial band broad ; the antemedial and outer areas 
uniform rufous, the latter without the black patches and with only 
slight traces of white submarginal specks. Underside of fore 
wing with white irroration on the margin. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 2Q millim. 

3706. Larentia apicistrigata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 378, pi. 30, 

fig. 19. 

$ . Differs from seriata in the black basal patch of fore wing 
being broad, with only a narrow chestnut line between it and the 
medial band, and crossed by a waved sub basal line ; the outer edge 
of the medial band prominently white and produced to two 
sinuations between veins 2 and 4 ; a large black submarginal patch 
from costa to vein 5 ; a series of white submarginal specks. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 26 millim. 

.3707. Larentia variabilis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 377, pi. 30, 
fig. 17. 

Fuscous brown. Fore wing with a more or less distinct basal 
patch and broad medial band with waved grey edges ; a large 



374 GEOMETRID^. 

white patch on middle of outer area which may be tinged with 
ochreous ; a more or less complete series of submarginal white 
specks. Hind wing milky white, with a fuscous mark at anal angle r 
or uniform fuscous ; cilia brownish. Underside fuscous ; fore wing 
with submarginal series of white specks, the margin irrorated with 
bluish white ; hind wing irrorated with white, a black cell-spot 
and postmedial line, a submarginal series of white specks. 

Another form has the white patch of fore wing absent, the sub- 
marginal specks reduced ; hind wing with sinuous postmedial line ; 
underside nearly uniform fuscous. 

Sab. Sikhim. Exp. 26-30 millim. 

3708. Larentia albofasciata, Moore, Lep, Ath. p. 277; C. $• S. 

no. 3839. 

Head and thorax fuscous and w^hite; abdomen rufous. Fore 
wing with a basal black patch bounded by a white line ; the ante- 
medial area rufous ; the medial and postmedial areas whiter- 
extending to the margin as a patch on middle of outer area ; a 
prominent black lunule on discocellulars, with some dark marks on 
costa above it ; two black marks on middle of inner area and some 
black specks on the veins ; the outer area rufous except at middle ;. 
a submarginal series of white spots. Hind wing white. 

Sab. Dharmsala ; Sikhim. Exp. 28 millim. 

3709. Larentia minuta, Butt. III. Set. vii,p. 117, pi. 137, figs. 15, 16. 
Epirrhoe latifasciata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 375. 

Red-brown ; the vertex of head and thorax whitish. Fore 
wing with an indistinct antemedial band formed by three sinuous 
whitish lines ; a black spot at end of cell ; a broad submarginal 
sinuous whitish band, diffused outwards to the margin below apex 
and at middle, and edged by white lines which are sometimes 
waved, sometimes regular. Hind wing pale fuscous, with cell- 
speck and waved white postmedial and submarginal lines. Under- 
side rufous, fuscous, and grey, with cell-speck and narrow white 
postmedial and submarginal lines. 

Sab. N.W.Himalayas; Sikhim; Nagas. Exp. 26 millim. 

3710. Larentia eonjuncta, W ar r. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 381. 

c? • Head white ; palpi black ; thorax and abdomen white,, 
irrorated with black. Fore wing with large basal black patch, on 
which is a white patch at base of inner margin ; a broad ante- 
medial white band and rufous and dark medial band with waved 
edges and a black discocellular spot ; a postmedial white band ; the 
marginal area rufous and dark, with dentate whitish submarginal 
line. Hind wing dark fuscous. 

Sab. E. Pegu. Exp. 18 millim. 



LARENTIA. 375 

3711. Larentia affinis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 277; C. $ S. no. 3837. 

• 

band hardly darker than the ground-colour, the former with 
curved grey edge, the latter edged by double grey lines and puncti- 
form black marks on the veins ; a black discocellular striga ; a 
rufous line beyond the medial band with a rufous patch on middle 
of outer area, which is sometimes absent ; a waved grey submarginal 
line. Hind wing milky white, with traces of postmedial and sub- 
marginal lines, which are more prominent on underside. 
Hab. N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 28-32 milJim. 

3712. Larentia fasciata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 379, pi. 30, fig. 20. 

Ferruginous ; metathorax with a white patch. Fore wing with 
waved subbasal white line; double ante- and postmedial waved 
white lines, reduced to specks on the veins at middle ; a few white 
scales on medial area and a black speck on discocellulars ; a large 
whitish patch on middle of outer area ; a submarginal series of 
wiiite specks and a series close to the margin. Hiud wing milky 
white, with slight fuscous suffusion; traces of postmedial, sub- 
marginal, and almost marginal waved lines. Underside rufous, 
with two series of white specks on marginal area of fore wing ; 
hind wiug with diffused medial white band, black cell-spot, and 
four lunulate white bands on outer area. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 22 millim. 

3713. Larentia interrupts Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 380, pi. 30, 

fig. 18. 

Differs from fasciata in being darker and only tinged with -^ ' 
rufous. Fore wing with broad doubly lunulate white postmedial 
band interrupted at middle by a fuscous patch, which expands into 
a large bluish-white patch on outer area. Hind wing slightly 
suffused with fuscous, especially on outer area. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 28 millim. 

3714. Larentia albidivisa, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 380. 

S . Eufous ; abdomen with slender white segmental rings. 
Fore whig with slender erect white antemedial iine ; slightly 
curved double medial line ; treble postmedial line angled outwards 
to margin at middle ; an indistinct waved submarginal line. Hind 
wing fuscous ; underside with indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hab. Nagas, 6000 feet. Exp. 18 millim. 

3715. Larentia decorata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 268 ; C. $ S. no. 3770. 

$ . Brownish ochreous. Fore wing with subbasal dark line 
and fuscous antemedial band ; a fuscous medial band broadest at 
costa, and with waved lines parallel to its edges ; the outer area 
fuscous brown, with a series of conjoined white submarginal spots. 
Hind wing whitish. Underside ochreous brown ; each wing with. 



1 



376 GEOMETRIILE. 

cell-speck, a postmedial line most prominent on hind wing, and 
submarginal series of conjoined white spots. 
Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 18 millim. 

3716. Larentia hockingii, Butt. 111. Het. vii, p. 115, pi. 137, fig. 12. 

Head and thorax black, the vertex of head white ; abdomen 
whitish. Fore wing with the base black, bounded by an oblique 
line ; two indistinct medial lines, the inner aDgled below costa, a 
triangular black patch between the lines at costa and an oval 
patch on inner margin ; traces of a diffused submarginal line, with 
a dark patch on it at costa and a spot below the apex. Hind wing 
whitish, with traces of waved postmedial and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Dharmsala; Nagas. Exp. 20 millim. 

3717. Larentia lacernigera, Butt. 111. Het. vii, p. 109, pi. 136, fig. 15. 

3 . Differs from hockingii in the basal black patch of fore wing 
having an erect outer edge ; an indistinct fuscous medial band 
with slightly waved edges instead of the two lines and patches ; a 
submarginal series of white specks, with a black patch inside them 
at costa. 

Hob. Dharmsala. Exp. 18 millim. 

3718. Larentia schistacea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 273; C. fyS. no. 3811. 

Leaden grey ; vertex of head, thorax, and abdomen with patches 
of ferruginous. Pore wing with white-edged blackish basal patch ; 
a white-edged medial band slightly suffused with fuscous and 
broadest at costa ; white submarginal spots above middle and near 
anal angle. Hind wing very pale fuscous ; underside with cell- 
speck and maculate postmedial line. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Sikhim. Exp. 24 millim. 

3719. Larentia plnmbeata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 273; C. fy S. 

no. 3810. 

$ . Differs from schistacea in having more rufous on the head, 
thorax, and abdomen. Pore wing with the basal patch angled 
below median nervure and tinged with rufous ; the medial band 
very slightly fuscous tinged, broad, and with waved fulvous edges ; 
the outer edge angled below costa and bounding a triangular dark 
patch on costa, which has a white outer edge and a white speck 
below its apex. Hind wing fuscous grey ; the cilia brownish ; 
underside with black cell-speck and medial and maculate post- 
medial lines. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

3720. Larentia olivacea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 382, pi. 30, fig. 6. 

2 • Leaden grey ; the head black. Pore wing with the costa 
tinged with ochreous ; a black basal patch, becoming paler on inner 
.area and bounded by a waved white line ; an oblique medial black 






LAKENTIA. 377 

patch with white edges on the costa shaped like tw r o cones apex to 
apex; a white-edged grey mark on inner margin shaped like a 
u cottage-loaf " ; a sinuous submarginal white line interrupted in 
places and with some fuscous suffusion inside it ; cilia grey and 
fuscous. Hind w r ing with a series of black specks on the cilia ; 
underside with cell-speck and waved postmedial line. 
Hah. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 34 millim. 

3721. Larentia niveopicta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 372, pi. 30, fig. 5. 

Head white, the antennae and sides of palpi black ; thorax white, 
with the front part of tegulse black ; abdomen black, the basal 
segment white. Pore wing chestnut ; a broad black antemedial 
oand with waved white edges, dentate on median nervure and 
conjoined to the very irregular white-edged black postmedial 
band, which narrows towards inner margin and has two white 
costal strigse on it, its outer edge dentate at vein 6 and bi sinuate 
between veins 2 and 4; a very irregularly wared white sub- 
marginal line, the area beyond it chocolate at apex, black below 
apex ; white at middle and outer angle. Hind wing white ; traces 
of a sinuous postmedial line ; the apex fuscous and some fuscous 
suffusion near anal angle ; underside irrorated with black ; well 
marked ante- and postmedial lines. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp., <$ 36, $ 40 millim. 

3722. Larentia lateritiata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 273 ; C.SfS. no. 3808. 

<$ . Differs from cuprearia in the fore wing not having the 
fringes of hair on underside in cell and on vein 4 ; upperside with 
the line defining the inner side of the medial area curved and 
approaching the subbasal line at inner margin. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 

b 2 . Male with a dense fringe of long downwardly directed hair on 
underside of fore wing in the cell from below subcostal nervure, 
and along vein 4 met by a sparse fringe of upwardly directed 
hair from below median nervure. 

3723. Larentia cuprearia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 656 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3807. 

J . Bather pale rufous ; abdomen with slight black dorsal 
segmental bands. Fore wing with traces of numerous minutely 
waved lines; the basal area defined by a dark oblique straight 
line ; the medial area by an oblique straight line on its inner edge, 
and a crenulate line angled below vein 4 on its outer edge ; an 
indistinct submarginal crenulate grey line. Hind wing white ; 
the margin and cilia at anal angle brownish. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 40 millim. 



\ i# ? 



378 GEOMETKIDiE. 

Sect. II. Wings clothed with hair-like scales ; claspers of male 
large and exserted. 

A. {Polyphasia). Antennae of male ciliated. 

3724. Larentia truncata, Hufn. Berl. Mag. iv, p. 602. 
Geometra russata, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 113. 
Phalsena immanata, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 323. 
Oidaria subapicaria, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 663; C. $ 8. 

no. 3871. 
Cidaria calamistrata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 662, pi. 33, fig. 6 ; 

C. 8f 8. no. 3847. 
Cidaria cinereata, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 662 ; C. $ 8. no. 3850. 
'Polypkasia albiangulata, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 373. 

The typical form has the head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous 
and grey. Fore wing with the base grey-brown, with waved 
subbasal line ; a chestnut antemedial band angled below costa and 
edged by waved black lines ; the medial band broad and white, with 
two waved black lines on it, which enclose a black discocellular 
speck and form an annulus and figure-ol'-8-shaped mark below the 
cell, its outer edge oblique from the costa to vein 4, where it is 
doubly toothed, then inwardly-oblique and strongly toothed to 
inner margin j a dentate grey submarginal line, with chestnut 
between it and the marginal band. Hind wing pale fuscous 
brown ; underside with cell-speck and irregularly curved line. 

The Himalayan form nearest to the typical European form is 
calamistrata, which differs in the abdomen and hind wing being white ; 
cinereata has the whole base of fore wing rufous, the grey of the 
medial band extending over the whole outer area except the apex 
and a chestnut submarginal spot on inner margin, the waved lines 
and edges to the band obsolescent ; in another form the area 
between end of cell and outer angle is suffused with pale rufous. 

Another set of forms are grey suffused in parts with fuscous, or 
with the medial band of fore wing clear grey. 

The form immanata, of which typical specimens occur in the 
N.W. Himalayas, has the medial band dark ; whilst another form 
has the fore wing uniform rufous, except for the four waved lines, 
which are whitish ; and another form with the dark band has its 
white edges connected by a bar above vein 1. 

Subapicaria is a dark form from Sikhim, usually with a 
prominent white patch on the costa of fore wing beyond the 
medial band ; the hind wing black-brown ; another form has the 
cell-spot on a large white patch extending to the costa, and the 
postmedial line white throughout : the form albiangulata has a red 
antemedial band ; an oblique white bar from middle of costa to 
lower angle of cell ; the postmedial line replaced by a white band 
angled outwards almost to the margin at vein 4 and acutely in- 
wards below vein 2, sending a tooth inwards below vein 6, and 
with a red maculate band, most prominent near costa, beyond it. 

Hah. Nearctic and Palaearctic regions ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 
Exp. 36-42 millim. 



LARENTIA. 379 

3725. Larentia albiseriata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 373. 

Head and thorax black and olive ; abdomen black, irrorated with 
grey, and with segmental grey rings. Fore wing black, irrorated 
with olive-yellow ; traces of waved antemedial and medial lines ; 
three white spots on discocellnlars. A postmedial waved grey line 
produced to teeth at veins 6 and 4 ; a submarginal waved olive- 
yellow line ; a series of marginal grey spots. Hind wing fuscous ; 
the apex white ; a marginal black line. Underside with the 
margin whitish, especially at apex of each wing. 

Hab. Sikhim, 10,000 feet. Exp. 45 millim. 

B. Antennas of male serrate and ivith fascicles of cilia. 

3726. Larentia undulata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 326; C. 8r & 

no. 3893 a. 

Grey and brown. Fore wing with the basal area dark and 
bounded by a double slightly waved line ; the medial area dark 
with a double oblique line, slightly excurved in the cell, on its 
inner edge, a black cell-spot, and a double postmedial line angled 
beyond the cell on its outer edge, the outer of the postmedial lines 
crenulate and sending black streaks inwards on the veins ; the 
outer area with a slight rufous tinge between the postmedial line 
and waved grey submarginal line ; an oblique black streak from 
the apex. Hind wing reddish brown, with highly curved post- 
medial line. 

Hab. Thundiani, Punjab. Exp. 36 millim. 

C. Antennas of the quale ivith tivo pairs of short cilia-bearing 
processes from each joint. 

3727. Larentia dentifasciata, n. sp. 

Reddish grey-brown. Pore wing with antemedial curved 
whitish line, slightly angled in cell, and with fuscous suffusion on 
its inner edge; a broad blackish postmedial band with a disco- 
cellular black lunule on it; its edges whitish, the inner edge 
curved, the outer oblique from the costa to vein 4, then highly 
dentate aud inwardly oblique to inner margin ; an indistinct waved 
grey submarginal line and oblique black streak from apex. Hind 
wing brownish grey, with speck at end of cell and postmedial line 
angled on vein 4. 

Hab. Dalhousie ; Murree {Harford). Exp., J 36, $ 40 millim. 
Type in B. M. 

3728. Larentia comis, Butt. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 443. 

Differs from dentifasciata in the antennal processes being 
longer ; no rufous tinge ; the postmedial band rounded at vein 4, 
not dentate and not so narrow at inner margin. 

In the Sikhim specimen the antemedial line and inner edge of 
postmedial band are less waved than in the Japanese type. 

Hab. Japan ; Sikhim, 13,000 feet. Exp. 36 millim. 



5.^ 



^ 



380 GEOMETRIC. 

D. (Thera). Antennce of male bipectinated. 

3729. Larentia consimilis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 326 ; Butl. III. Het. 
vii, pi. 137, fig. 14 ; C. $ S. no. 3891 a. 

Greyish fuscous. Fore wing with two indistinct antemedial 
lines angled below the costa ; two dentate postmedial lines highly- 
angled beyond the cell, the area between them usually darker, 
especially from costa to vein 4 and above inner margin ; an oblique 
zigzag streak from apex meeting the angle of the postmedial band ; 
an indistinct pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing paler, with 
indistinct highly curved postmedial line. The veins of the fore 
wiug are often streaked with black. 

Hob. Afghanistan ; K¥. Himalayas. Exp., $ 32, $ 40 millim. 

Genus PHOTOSCOTOSIA. 

Photoscotosia, Warr. P. Z. S. 1888, p. 328. 

Trichopleura, Stand. Stettin, ent. Zeit. xliii, p. 68 (1882), prseocc. 

Lasiogma, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 70. 

Type, P. miniosata, Wlk. 

Range. Siberia ; Japan ; Himalayas ; Sylhet. 

Palpi clothed with hair and reaching just bej^ond the sharp 
frontal tuft ; antennae of male ciliated ; hind tibiae with two pairs 
of spurs. Pore wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell, 10 
anastomosing with 11, and then with 8, 9 to form the double 
areole. Hind wing with the costa much arched, especially in male ; 
vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from above middle of disco- 
cellulars, which are oblique ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 
to beyond middle of cell, then much curved. 

Sect. I. Pore wing of male with a fringe of long hair below 
median nervure on underside. 

' 3730. Photoscotosia miniosata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1354 ; C. fy S. 
no. 3821. JL, 

Photoscotosia stigmatica, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 680. 

$ . Eed-brown. Pore wing with indistinct double subbasal and 
antemedial slightly waved lines, the latter with a prominent sinuous 




Fig. 179. — Photoscotosia miniosata, tf. {* 

black line beyond it : a black striga on discocellulars ; two indistinct 
slightly waved medial lines, with an irregularly crenulate black line 



Wt 



PHOTOSCOTOSIA. 381 

beyond them toothed below costa ; outer area with some indistinct 
crenulate lines and a subapical pale speck. Hind wing fuscous 
brown, with a very large bright orange apical patch extending 
down to yein 4 and pale at the costa. Both wings with marginal 
black line. Underside with diffused orange postmedial band on 
fore wing. 

2 • Greyer, with the basal half of the fore wing blackish. 

Hah. N.W. and E. Himalayas; Sylhet. Exp. 52 millim. 



731. Photoscotosia obliquisignata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 657; 
C. Sf 8. no. 3823. 

cJ. Differs from miniosata in being black-brown. Pore wing 
with all the lines pale ; the subbasal line straight and oblique ; the 
antemedial line angled on median nervure ; a diffused pale brown 
patch from middle of costa to middle of postmedial line, which is 
not toothed below costa, but excurved at middle and with white 
specks on it at veins 2, 3, and 4 ; the lines beyond it sinuous ; an 
oblique pale streak from apex and no subapical spot ; a pale sub- 
marginal line. Underside of fore wing with the costal spot joined 
to the apical patch ; an ochreous spot at apex. Hind wing with 
an apical fuscous patch and no postmedial line. 

§ with an oblique white patch from costa of fore wing to lower 
angle of cell, instead of the large pale brown patch. Hind wing 
with the costal area fuscous, the apical orange patch being reduced. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 

3732. Photoscotosia nubilata, Moore, Lep, Atk. p. 274; C. fy 8. 

no. 3822. 

$ . Dark brown. Pore wing with numerous waved grey lines 
on the basal area ; a broad rufous medial band with waved edges ; 
some grey suffusion with waved lines on it beyond the band and 
running out to a point below apex ; three submarginal white 
specks below apex. Hind w T ing with the costal area yellowish 
white ; the cilia ochreous at apex. 

A variety has the apical area of hind wing, except the extreme 
apex, dark : the underside more fuscous. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 48 millim. 

3733. Photoscotosia fulguritis, Warr. P. Z. 8. 1893, p. 370, pi. 30, 

fig. 11. 
Photoscotosia keraria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 224. 

$ . Black-brown, with a very slight rufous tinge. Pore wing 
with traces of numerous waved black lines ; a curved subbasal 
grey line ; the medial area defined by whitish waved lines, the 
inner line highly dentate on median nervure, the outer angled on 
vein 4 ; an indistinct pale submarginal line crossed by an oblique 
white streak from apex. Hind wing fuscous ; the costal area 
down to vein 4 whitish ; an indistinct pale waved submarginal line. 

2 with almost the whole hind wing fuscous. 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 46 millim. 



382 GEOMETEID^. 

3734. Photoscotosia amplicata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1404 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3841. 
Cidaria trisignata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 663. 
Trichopleura dejeani, Oberth. Et. Ent. xviii, p. 40, pi. 4, fig. 51. 

c? . Black and grey. Fore wing with numerous waved black 
lines; some rufous between two of the subbasal lines and on 
medial area, which is defined by irregularly waved grey lines, the 
inner slightly angled on median nervure, the outer below costa and 
on vein 4, this medial area traversed by a waved grey line, inside 
which on the costal area is a white patch ; a waved grey sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing greyish fuscous, the costal half whitish ; 
traces of a waved grey submarginal line. 

2 with the pale area of hind wing reduced to an apical patch. 

Hah. China ; Tibet ; N.W. Himalayas ; Sikhim. Exp. 52 
millim. 

3735. Photoscotosia nndulosa, AlpheraH, Rom. Mem. vi, p. 78, pi. iii, 

fig. 9. 
Photoscotosia multilinea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 369, pi. 30, fig. 10. 

$ . Head fuscous ; thorax rufous ; abdomen grey. Fore wing 
with the basal half rufous, with traces of waved lines on it and 
darkening to the siuuous medial line ; a grey antemedial band 
with waved fuscous lines on it ; the outer area purplish grey-brown, 
with a black discocellular striga ; a crenulate postmedial dark line, 
dentate, and with a rufous patch inside it below the costa, and 
with greyish patches with fuscous waved lines on them beyond it 
at costa and inner margin. Hind wing purplish grey-brown, with 
traces of grey patches near anal angle. 

Hob. China ; Tibet ; Sikhim. Exp. 54 millim. 

3736. Photoscotosia atromarginata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 369, 

pi. 30, fig. 1. 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; abdomen grey-brown, with 
black segmental lines. Pore wing rufous, suffused with olive- 
green, except on medial and submarginal areas, and with traces of 
waved lines ; a subbasal curved black line ; the antemedial black 
line curved, dentate on median nervure and with diffused black 
beyond it ; the postmedial line dentate below costa and from vein 4 
to inner margin, where it approaches the antemedial line ; an oblique 
streak from apex and series of strigse on the margin. Hind wing 
pure white, with a patch of fuscous and black strigse on the anal 
half of outer margin. 

Hal. Sikhim, 1.0,000 feet. Exp. 38 millim. 

3737. Photoscotosia bicolor, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 278; C. fy 8. no. 3846. 
Larentia tonckignearia, Oberth. Et. Ent. xviii, p. 38 ; pi. v, 

figs. 66, 67. 

Greyish fuscous. Tore wing with numerous indistinct waved 
black lines ; a slight diffused whitish patch from costa of fore wing 



PHOTOSCOTOSIA. — CALLABRAXAS. 383 

to lower angle of cell. Hind wing with the base and outer area 
fuscous, the medial area white ; a small apical white patch. 
Underside of fore wing with the white patch broad and extending 
from costa to vein 2 ; an apical white spot. 
Hob. Sikhim ; Tibet, Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing of male with a tuft of long hair on underside 
from above base of vein 1 ; a patch of shorter hair from 
above its middle, and a fringe of long hair below it from near 
base to beyond middle. 

" 3738. Photoscotosia venipicta, Warr. P. Z. 8, 1893, p. 370. 

S . Dark rufous brown, suffused with fuscous. Fore wing with 
subbasal rufous band, conjoined at costa and above inner margin 
to the antemedial band, which is highly angled on median nervure 
and sends streaks along veins 2, 3, 4 to join the waved postmedial 
band, all these bands being traversed by dark lines ; an indistinct 
annulate medial band ; a waved grey line beyond the postmedial 
band, with a sinuous rufous line beyond it bent out to the apex. 
Hind wing pale reddish brown, suffused with fuscous ; the apical 
area ochreous ; two waved postmedial lines. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 50 millim. 



la 



739. Photoscotosia aurantiaria, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 661, pi. 83, 
fig. 8 ; C.fyS. no. 3843. 

S • Black-brown ; the head, thorax, and abdomen with grey 
markings. Fore wing with an antemedial band formed of three 
sinuous lines, sending a streak along vein 2 to the postmedial band, 
then narrowing to inner margin ; a postmedial band consisting of 
two grey lines joined by two lines from costa near apex, sending a 
tooth inwards on vein 3 and teeth outwards along veins 2, 3, 4, 
which are streaked with orange, to the margin. Hind wing bright 
orange ; the inner margin and outer margin near anal angle pale, 
with fuscous markings. Underside with the tufts pale. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 48 millim. 

Genus CALLABEAXAS. 

Callabraxas, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi, p. 226 (1880). 

Type, C. amanda, Butl. 

Range. Sikhim. 

Palpi short, upturned, and roughly scaled ; the frons smooth ; 
antennse of male minutely ciliated ; hind tibia? with two pairs of 
spurs. Fore wing of male with tufts of long white hair from 
below base of median nervure and from base of vein 1, and tufts 
of short dark hair from above middle of vein 1 and from above 
middle of inner margin ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 5 from above- 
middle of discocellulars, wilich are very oblique; 6 from above 
angle of cell; 10 anastomosing with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form 



384 GEOMETEIDJE. 

the very long double areole. Hind wing with the costa much 
arched ; vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from above middle 
of discocellulars, which are oblique ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with 7 to beyond middle of cell, then much curved. 

3740. Callabraxas aman&a. Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) vi ; p. 226 ; id. 
III. Met. vi, pi. 119, fig. 12 ; C. $ S. no. 3725. 

Head blackish ; thorax ochreous, with black spots on collar and 
patagia : abdomen ochreous, with dorsal and lateral series of black 
spots. Pore wing with the basal half ferruginous brown, with two 
curved subbasal grey and white lines ; an antemedial line highly 
excurved on median nervure ; a V-shaped medial grey and white 
mark on costa and medial white spot on inner margin ; the 
outer area white, with a fuscous patch on costa near apex and 




Fi?. 180. — Callabraxas amanda, $ . 



submarginal series of spots, which may be almost obsolete ; fuscous 
patches at apex and on margin below apex ; a series of marginal 
spots, each bisected by a white vein. Hind whig white, with two 
fuscous spots on inner margin beyond middle ; a submarginal series 
of spots from vein 6 to anal angle, the area beyond them orange : 
a marginal series of spots bisected by the veins. 
Hab. Sikhim. Eocp. 54 millim. 

Genus GANDAEITIS. 

Gandaritis, Moore, P. Z. 8. 1867, p. 660. 

Type, G.flavata, Moore. 

Range. Japan ; China ; Khasis. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint clothed with hair and reaching beyond 
the frontal tuft, the 3rd naked; antennae of male almost simple ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs ; abdomen long and slender. 
Pore wing with the costa highly arched towards apex, which is 
acute and produced ; the outer margin much curved ; vein 3 from 
before angje of cell ; 5 from above middle of discocellulars ; 6 from 
above angle of cell; 10 anastomosing with 11, and then with 8, 9 
to form the double areole. Hind wing with the costa much arched ; 
vein 3 near angle of cell ; 5 usually from above middle of disco- 
cellulars, which are oblique ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 
to beyond middle of cell, then much curved, the apex extending 
to beyond the outer angle of fore wing. 



GANDARITIS. — PHYSETOBASIS. 



385 



In the Japanese Jixseni, Brem., there are no secondary sexual 
characters on the fore wing ; in dotata, Linn., from Europe, flavata, 
agues, Butl., and another undescribed species from Japan, vein 2 
of the fore wing is much curved in the male, with a small hair- 
fringed hyaline scar below its middle, through the centre of which 
runs the aborted vein 1 c, which is much bent, bearing* a row of 
sharp spines probably for producing sound ; below this scar is a 
large shallow fovea, slightly developed in flavata, more strongly in 
agues, which has the discocellulars of hind wing angled and vein 5 
from below their middle, as is the case also in dotata. 

3741. Gandaritis flavata, Moore, T.Z.S. 1867, p. 660; Water it. Aid. 
y. 184, fig. 7 ; C. 8f S. no. 3836. 

<5 . Bright orange-yellow. Pore wing slightly suffused with 
fuscous, except on the apical costal area, which is paler yellow ; 
two indistinct subbasal waved lines ; a medial line sinuous from 
costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; traces of a 
line beyond it ; a postmedial line with traces of a line inside it, 
very highly angled on vein 5, where it is met by an oblique streak 




Fig. 181. — Gandaritis flavata, $ . {. 

from apex ; traces of a pale waved submarginal line. Hind wing 
with traces of waved and curved medial and postmedial lines. 

In the Chinese specimen on the hind wing a curved black medial 
band is developed, running up the median nervure to the base, and 
prominent lunulate, black, postmedial and submarginal bands. 

Bab. JNankow Pass, China ; Khasis. Exp. 76 millim. 



J 



Genus PHYSETOBASIS, nov. 



Type, P. annulata, Hmpsn. 

Range. N. W. Himalayas ; Khasis ; Nilgiris. 

Palpi slender and hardly reaching beyond the frons, which is 
rounded ; antennae of male somewhat thickened and flattened ; 
hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Pore wing narrow and elon- 
gate ; the outer margin very oblique ; male with the retinaculum 
a large spatulate plate ; a deep groove on the underside at base of 

VOL. III. 2 o 







386 GEOMETRIC. 

vein 1, forming a high ridge on upperside with a shallow fovea 
above it ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6 from just below upper angle ; 10 anastomosing with 
11, and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing 
narrow ; the margin crenulate ; the base of costa contorted in 
male ; vein 3 from well before end of cell ; 5 from middle of 
discocellulars, which are oblique ; 6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 anasto- 
mosing with 7 to near end of cell. 

3742. Physetobasis annulata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 116, pi. 152, 

%• 11- 
Grey ; abdomen with dorsal and lateral series of black spots. 

Fore wing with subbasal, ante- 
medial, and postmedial series of 
black spots with whitish edges, 
the costal spots elongate ; a black 
lunule with whitish edge at end 
of cell ; an indistinct fuscous line 
highly angled beyond upper 
-pig. 182. angle of cell, then oblique to 

Physetobasis annulata, J . \. inner margin ; a regularly crenu- 

late submarginal whitish line. 
Hind wing with cell-speck ; traces of medial line, postmedial series 
of black spots on the veins, with whitish edges ; a crenulate whitish 
submarginal line ;■ cilia of both wings chequered grey and whitish. 
Underside of both wings with prominent black cell-spot and post- 
medial series of black spots. 

Hah. JNfilgiris. Exp. 36 millim. 

3743. Physetobasis griseipennis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 269, pi. 8, fig. 28 ; 

£#£.110.3772. / 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous grey, the last with a 
white line on 2nd segment. Fore wing lilacine grey ; the base 
fuscous, bounded by a sinuous white line excurved below costa ; 
the medial area fuscous, with an indistinct sinuous line at middle 
and edged by white lines, the inner produced to an angle below 
costa, then oblique, the outer sinuous and much incurved below 
vein 4; a large oval white-edged black discocellular spot; the 
outer area slightly suffused with fuscous ; a grey submarginal line. 
Hind wing paler, with cell-speck and postmedial pale-edged line ; 
a white streak at anal angle. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 34 millim. 

8744. Physetobasis dentifascia, n. sp. 

3 . Fuscous brown. Fore wing with dark white-edged ante- 
medial sinuous line ; the medial area slightly darker, with a large 
oblique black discocellular spot and edged by black lines, the inner 
highly excurved, then bent inwards above inner margin, the outer 
waved and dentate, angled at veins 6 and 4, then bent inwards 



PHYSETOBASIS. — POMASIA. 387 

and sending teeth inwards on veins 2 and 1 ; an indistinct pale 
erennlate subrnarginal line. Hind wing with antemedial line 
produced to an angle at lower end of cell; the postmedial line 
angled at vein 4, then dentate to inner margin ; a crenulate grey- 
sub marginal line. 

Hah. Dharmsala {Hocking). Exp. 30 millim. Type in B. M. 



Genus POMASIA. 

Pomasia, Guen. Phal. i, p. 427 (1857). 
Leiocera, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 152 (1893). 

Type, P. psylaria, G-uen. 

Range. Khasis; JNagas : Ceylon; Mergui ; Borneo. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint reaching beyond the short sharp 
frontal tuft, the 3rd loug and naked ; antennae of male minutely 
ciliated ; hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 7, S, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 stalked, 
10 anastomosing w T ith 8, 9 to form the areole. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars, 
which are angled, 6, 7 stalked. 

3745. Pomasia psylaria, G-uen. Phal. i, p. 428; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 
pi. 200, fig. 2 ; C. # S. no. 4005. j- 

Bright rufous ; head, thorax, and abdomen banded with greyish 

white. Pore wing with the 
costa orange, with black patches 
and strigae ; a grey fascia below 
the costa ; a basal grey spot ; 
six irregularly waved grey lines 
outlined in black; the veins 
streaked with grey and black ; 
outer margin orange, with black 
Pomasia psylaria, tf. h patches at veins 2 and 4. Hind 

wing with a basal grey spot ; 
five waved grey lines outlined in black ; the outer margin orange, 
with a black patch at vein 4. Underside suffused with pale fuscous. 
Hah. Ceylon. Exp., J 28, $ 32 millim. 

3746. Pomasia reticulata, n. sp. 

$ . Bright orange ; head, thorax, and abdomen spotted with 
black. Pore wing with double subbasal, antemedial, medial, post- 
medial, and subrnarginal waved dark lines connected in many 
places by irregular, rectangular, or stellate blotches ; a dentate 
line just inside the margin and two spots on the margin. Hind 
wing with antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subrnarginal double 
waved lines with a few blotches on them ; a dentate line close to 
the margin and two spots on the margin. 

Hah. Mergui (Doherty). Exp. 24 millim. Type in coll. Druce 

2c2 




Uv4^ 






388 GEOMETRID^. 

3747. Pomasia denticlathrata, War?: P. Z. S. 1893 ? p. 367. 

S . Pale yellow ; head, thorax, and abdomen spotted and reticu- 
lated with red-brown. Tore wing with some fifteen waved red- 
brown lines connected in many places by patches of red-brown. 
Hind wing with some eight waved red-brown lines. Both wings 
with waved marginal line; the cilia pale and red-brown. Under- 
side orange-fulvous. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 21 millim. 

3748. Pomasia pulchrilinea, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1675. 
Leiocera axis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 153, pi. 170, fig. 22. 
Pomasia mcmiliata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 367, pi. 32, fig. 9. 

Fawn-colour. Fore wing with double subbasal, ante- and post- 
medial waved white lines arising from ochreous specks on the 
costa ; a submarginal crenulate white line with four black lunules 
on it below apex and a black streak crossing it above inner margin. 
Hind wing with antemedial and medial waved white lines ; three 
submarginal lines with some black specks on them. 

Hab. Khasis ; Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 20 millim. 

Genus GYMNOSCELIS. 

Gymnoscelis, Mab. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4) vii, p. 656 (1867). 

Type, G. pumilata, Hiibn., from Europe. 

Range. Palaearctic, Oriental, and Australian regions. 

Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint clothed with hair and reaching 
beyond the frontal tuft, the 3rd prominent ; antennae of male 
ciliated ; hind tibiae with a terminal pair of spurs, and rarely with 
a very minute medial pair ; abdomen with slight dorsal crests. 
Pore wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from middle 
of discocellulars ; 6 from upper angle; 10, 11 stalked, 10 anasto- 
mosing with 7, 8, 9 to form the areole, and 11 anastomosing with 12. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to 
beyond middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Hind tibiae with the medial pair of spurs absent. 

A. Palpi reaching far beyond the frons; fore wing of normal breadth. 

a. Male without thick tufts of leaden-coloured scales at extremity 
of mid and hind tibial. 

3749. Gymnoscelis ectochlora, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 118, pi. 152, 

fig. 19. 

Olive-green, irrorated with black. Pore wing with the broad 
medial area rufous, irrorated or suffused with black and edged by 
waved black lines, angled on median nervure and vein 4 ; a pale 
waved submarginal line with the area beyond it rufous, with a 
pale diffused patch at middle. Hind wing with the rufous area 



GYMNOSCELIS. 389 

extending to the base. Underside fuscous, with cell-spots and 
curved postinedial line. 

The green often fades and the insect appears to be rufous and 
ochreous. 

Hah. Sikhim ; Formosa ; Mlgiris ; Cejdon. Exp. 22 millim. 

3750*. Gymnoscelis deleta, Hmpsn. III. Set. viii, p. 118, pi. 152, fig. 20. 

Rufous, suffused and irrorated with black. Fore wing with 
traces of subbasal and antemedial waved lines angled below costa ; 
the medial area with an indistinct waved line at its middle and 
defined by black lines, the inner highly angled in cell, the outer 
oblique from costa to vein 4, where it is angled ; the outer area 
with a pale patch from the postmedial line to apex and a less 
prominent patch at middle ; a submarginal waved dark line with 
blackish mark at costa and crossed by two black streaks below 
apex. Hind wing with indistinct waved subbasal, antemedial, 
postmedial, and submarginal lines, the postmedial double, angled 
at vein 6 and with ochreous beyond it, especially on inner area ; 
a large pale spot at middle of outer area. Underside fuscous, with 
pale patches ; a postmedial line angled at vein 4 of fore wing and 
6 of hind wing ; a curved submarginal line. 

Hah. MLgins ; Ceylon. Exp. 20-26 millim. 

3751. Gymnoscelis fasciata, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 118, pi. 152 

fig. 22. 

Whitish, with a slight brown tinge and thickly irrorated with 
black ; abdomen banded with black. Fore wing with diffused 
subbasal, medial, postmedial, and submarginal waved black bands, 
the medial and postmedial bands with fine black lines beyond them. 
Hind wing with the bands and lines better defined. 

Hah. Nilgiris ; Alu, Solomon Islands. Exp. 20 millim. 

3752. Gymnoscelis roseifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 153, pi. 170, 

fig. 4. 
2 • Head, thorax, and abdomen olive-green, slightly marked 
with black. Fore wing with the basal half green, mostly suffused 
with black in the form of diffused subbasal and antemedial bands ; 




Fig. 184. — Gymnoscelis roseifascia, $. \. 

the medial area pale pink, with two faint waved lines on it and 
bounded by a waved fuscous and grey line ; the postmedial area 
green ; a fuscous and grey waved submarginal line, the area beyond 
it pinkish with a pale spot at middle. Hind wing similar; the 



390 geometries. 

pink area extending to the base and with a minute discocellular 
speck ; the pale spot small. Underside fuscous, with curved post- 
medial line. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

b. (Iramba). Male iviih thick tufts of leaden-coloured scales at 
extremity of mid and liind tibice. 

3753. Gymnoscelis tibialis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 481, pi. 206, 

fig. 2 ; C.8fS. no. 3789. 

Differs from ectochlora in being browner olive ; the medial area 
r f fore wing suffused with fuscous ; the postmedial line of fore 
wing straight and oblique from costa to the angle at vein 4. 

Bab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

B. Palpi much shorter ; fore wing long and narrow, especially 
in male. 

3754. GymnosGelis tristrigosa, Butt. P. Z. S. 1880, p. 688. 

Rufous, slightly irrorated with black ; head, thorax, and abdomen 
with black markings. Fore wing with diffused black fascia from 
base of inner margin to the costa at origin of the postmedial line, 
which is indistinct and angled at vein 4, the fascia then narrowing 
and continued above vein 4 to outer margin. Hind wing with a 
postmedial line highly angled at vein 6 ; a curved slightly waved 
submarginal line. 

Hab. Formosa; Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

Sect. II. Hind tibia? with a very minute medial pair of spurs. 

3755. Gymnoscelis polyclealis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 998 ; Hmpsn. III. 

Het. ix, pi. 170, fig. 23 ; C. $ S. no. 3776. 
Eupithecia attenuata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 479, pi. 206 ; fig. 3 ; 
C. $ 8. no. 3767. 

Fuscous brown, with a slight purplish tinge ; palpi and frons 
jet-black. Fore wing wdth the broad medial area defined by waved 
black lines, edged with grey, the outer line produced to an angle 
at vein 4 ; an indistinct curved submarginal line. Hind wing 
with traces of subbasal and medial lines ; a postmedial waved line 
ex curved from vein 2 to 4, and with whitish patches on its outer 
edge below veins 6 and 2 ; a waved white submarginal line with 
whitish patch on it at middle. 

The form attenuata has no black on the lines of fore wing ; hind 
wing with the two whitish patches on the postmedial line absent. 

Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 22 millim. 

Genus CHL0R0CLYSTIS. 

Chloroclystis, Hubn. Verz. p. 323 (? 1818). 

Ziridava, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1550 (1862). 

Phrissogonus, Butt. A. M. N. PL. (5) ix, p. 94 (1882). 

Pasiphila, Meyrick, New Zealand Journal of Science, i, p. 527 (1883). 



CHL0R0CLYST1S. 391 

Calluga, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 480 (1887). 
Ardonis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 269 (1888). 
Axinoptera, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 154 (1893). 
Ceratorhynchus, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 154. 

Type, C. coronata, Hiibn., from Europe. 

Range. Palaearctic region ; Himalayas ; Assam ; Burma ; Nil- 
giris ; Ceylon ; Australia ; New Zealand. 

Palpi with the 2nd joint thickly scaled and reaching beyond the 
sharp frontal tuft, the 3rd joint prominent ; antennas of male 
annulated ; hind tibiae with two pairs of spurs * ; abdomen with 
slight dorsal crests. Pore wing with vein 3 from angle of cell ; 
5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 from upper angle ; 10, 11 stalked, 
10 anastomosing with 7, 8, 9 to form the large areolef, and 11 
becoming coincident with 12. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle 
of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to beyond 
middle of cell. 

Sect. I. (Liridavd). Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far beyond 
the frontal tuft ; hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell. 

A. Hind wing without tufts or fovea beloiv lower angle of cell. 

I 3756. Chloroclystis palpata, Wlk. Cat. xxv, p. 1404 ; Moore, Lep. 

Ceyl. iii, pi. 206, fig. 6 ; C. 8f S. no. 3775. <v£ (Q , 

Lobophora julia, Butl. III. Het. iii, p. 53, pi. 54, fig. 4. 
Lobophora excisa, Butl. III. Het. iii, p. 52, pi. 53, fig. 11. 
Eupithecia variegata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 479, pi. 206, fig. 5 ; 

C. # S. no. 3782. 
Eupithecia virescens, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 479, pi. 206, fig. 4 ; 

C. 8r S. no. 3783. 

Grass-green, irrorated with black and with more or less vinous- 
red suffusion; abdomen with the 2nd segment blackish. Eore 
wing with the veins speckled with black ; a subbasal line ; an ante- 
medial vinous and black band, with a line beyond it ; the medial area 
vinous and black, with a black cell-spot and edged by black lines, 
the outer edge angled at veins 6 and 4 and with white between those 
points ; a postmedial series of black specks ; a submarginal vinous 
band with a black line on it and black inner edge, outwardly edged 
by a crenulate white line ; cilia green and black. Hind wing pale 
fuscous or whitish, with traces of waved lines on outer area. 

Many specimens are almost entirely suffused with vinous, others 
have the medial area of fore wing black. 

Hah. Japan; Dharmsala ; Sikhirn ; JSfilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 24: 
millim. 

3757. Chloroclystis intentata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1676. 

<5 . Green (fading to ochreous), irrorated with black. Eore 
wing with a slightly curved black subbasal line with two faint 
lines between it and the medial area, which is thickly irrorated 
with black, edged by black lines, and has three minutely waved 

* Except in male of costalis. t Except in male of subcostalis. 



392 geometrid^e. 

black lines on it angled below costa, the outer edge angled 
at vein 4 and outlined with white ; a sinuous pale submarginal 
line with diffused black on its inner edge. Hind wing pale 
fuscous ; both wings with black marginal line ; the cilia chequered 
black and green. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 22 millim. 

3758. Chloroclystis rubrinotata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 384. 

£ . Green (fading to ochreous) ; abdomen with black band on 
2nd segment ; wings with traces of waved lines. Fore wing with 
a slight subbasal line ; a large rufous quadrate patch on costal 
area, bounded on inner side by an oblique black line, and on outer 
side by a black line, and extending to lower angle of cell ; a medial 
speck on median nervure and a postmedial series of specks on the 
veins ; traces of a submarginal line. Hind wing with three 
indistinct lines on basal half ; a series of prominent black specks 
on the postmedial line. Underside with prominent cell-spots and 
postmedial line. 

The species figured on pi. 30, fig. 22, is Euplthecia rufipicta (see 
p. 401). 

Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 24 millim. 

3759. Chloroclystis deletarius, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 154, pi. 170, 

fig. 20. 

2 . Green (fading to ochreous). Fore wing with a black patch 
on base of costa, with a line from its outer edge to inner margin ; 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial irregular black lines, the 
medial line with traces of a cell-spot beyond it, the postmedial 
produced to a strong angle at vein 4 and lesser angle below vein 2 ; 
a submarginal pale waved line with slight suffusion inside it, and 
dark patch beyond it above middle and at outer angle. Hind wing 
with curved black antemedial line, and postmedial line angled at 
vein 4 ; traces of a submarginal pale waved line with darker 
suffusion inside it. Underside much suffused with fuscous ; 
prominent black cell-spots ; medial and postmedial lines, the latter 
angled at vein 4 ; a less distinct submarginal line. 

Hah. Khasis ; Ceylon. Exp. 30 millim. 

3760. Chloroclystis xylinaria, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1550. 
Menophra rubridisca, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 106, pi. 150, fig. 8. 

Yery pale brown, irrorated with rufous, fuscous, and silvery 
scales. Fore wing with four lines between the base and middle, 
very highly angled below costa, and dark, then rufous and oblique 
to inner margin ; a large fuscous and rufous patch beyond the cell 
bounded by the double postmedial line, which is angled beyond 
the cell, then incurved to inner margin, and with an indistinct 
dentate line beyond it ; a rufous and fuscous patch on the margin 
below apex ; an indistinct almost straight, pale submarginal line. 
Hind wing with traces of numerous w 7 aved lines ; a subbasal dark 



CHLOEOCI.TST.TS. 393 

band ; a postmedial rufous line angled beyond cell, and with dark 
marks inside it from vein 4 to inner margin. 

Hab. Khasis; Nilgiris ; Ceylon; Borneo. Ewp., 6 28, 2 34 
millim. 

B. Male ivith a tuft of hair on upperside of hind wing at lower 

angle of cell, and a smaller tuft at anal angle, with a fovea 
jbetween the two tufts. 

3761 . ChlorOClystis filicata, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 1. 

S . A beautiful grey-blue (fading to ochreous) ; metathorax 
and end of abdomen with olive-green tufts. Fore wing with a 
black basal patch ; the broad medial band black, dark green, and 
grey-blue, with a cell-speck and two waved lines on it ; its inner 
edge curved, the outer bordered with white, sinuous and produced 
to a point at vein 4 ; a pale waved submarginal, line with large 
patches of dark green at costa, above middle, and at outer angle. 
Hind wing with traces of medial line ; a patch of fuscous beyond 
upper angle of cell, and of dark green at anal angle and middle of 
outer area. Underside with cell-speck ; postmedial band angled 
at vein 4 of each wing and a less prominent curved submarginal 
band. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis; Ceylon; E. Pegu. Exp. 26 millim. 

C. Male with a large tuft of hair on upperside of hind wing beloiv 

vein 4, then a shallow fovea and a long contorted fringe at anal 
angle and on inner margin ; veins 2 and 3 given off from a 
point long before the angle of cell. 

3762. Chloroclystis trichophora, n. sp. 

S . Bale green, suffused with pale rufous. Eore wing with 
indistinct blackish basal and antemedial bands with waved edges ; 
numerous indistinct waved lines on outer half, the most prominent 
being a line which is oblique and white-edged from costa to vein 4, 
then angled and recurved. Hind wing whitish, with the tufts 
ochreous. 

Hab. Niigiri plateau. Exp. 20 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

Sect. II. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching slightly beyond the 
frons ; hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell or shortly 
stalked with 4. 

A. (Chloroclystis). Male without secondary sexual 
characters on the wings. 

3763. Chloroclystis atroviridis, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 384, pi. 31, 

fig. 19. 

Emerald-green (fading to ochreous) ; abdomen with black band 
on 2nd segment ; wings with traces of pale waved lines. Eore 



394 GEOMETEID^. 

wing with subbasal series of three black spots ; an antemedial 
triangular browo patch on costa and black specks on median 
nervure and inner margin ; a postmedial curved series of black 
specks and larger brown spot on costa ; a submarginal waved line ; 
large brown patches on costa at apex, on outer margin below apex, 
and a smaller patch at outer angle. Hind wing with indistinct 
dark subbasal and medial lines ; the postmedial line with promi- 
nent black specks on it from vein 6 to inner margin. Underside 
pale, with antemedial and medial blackish lines and prominent 
curved postmedial band. 

Hob. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nagas. Exp. 22 millim. 

3764. Chloroclystis infrazebrina, n. sp. 

3 . Pale pinkish brown ; head and terminal half of abdomen 
black. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial blackish 
patches on costa ; the antemedial line faint, the postmedial retracted 
at costa and produced to an angle, with a slight dark mark in it 
beyond cell ; a waved submarginal line. Hind wing with double 
diffused antemedial black line ; the outer area pinker, with indis- 
tinct submarginal line. Underside fuscous, with patches of white ; 
hind wing with antemedial line, and both wings with prominent 
postmedial band angled beyond cell. 

Hah. Nagas, 6000 feet (Doherty). Exp. 18 millim. Type in 
coll. Elwes. 

3765. Chloroclystis admixtaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1243 ; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. ix, pi. 171, fig. 13 ■ C. $ S. no. 3785. 

Rufous, with a slight olive tinge ; abdomen with a black band on 
2nd segment. Eore wing with indistinct waved lines on basal area 
and some black on base of costa ; the medial area with three indis- 
tinct waved lines on it, and defined by waved lines with black 
suffusion beyond the inner and inside the outer line, which is 
sharply angled at vein 4, and has an indistinct line beyond it ; 
outer area with more distinct olive tinge and a pale waved sub- 
marginal line. Hind wing with diffused black subbasal line ; 
traces of a medial line ; a postmedial line sharply angled at vein 4, 
and with diffused black and rufous inside it ; the outer area with 
a more distinct olive tinge and a pale waved submarginal line. 

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., <$ 16, $ 20 millim. 

3766. Chloroclystis immixtaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1244 ; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. ix, pi. 171, fig. 20; C. $ S. no. 3787. 

Uniform fuscous, with a slight rufous tinge. Fore wing with 
a subbasal black speck on the costa ; an antemedial oblique series 
of three specks; a postmedial oblique line angled at vein 4. Hind 
wing with medial waved line excurved from veins 4 to 2 ; traces 
of a submarginal waved line. Underside w r hitish ; the margins 
fuscous ; both wings with postmedial black line angled at vein 4. 

Hob. Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim. 



CHLOROCLYSTIS. 395 

3767. Chloroclystis recensitaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1244 ; Hmpsn. 

III. Het. ix, pi. 171, fig. 19 ; C.$ S. no. 3788. 

Rufous, suffused with fuscous. Fore wing with traces of 
numerous waved lines ; an oblique anternedial line angled in the 
cell ; a postmedial line with blackish suffusion inside it, angled 
on veins 6 and 4, then oblique ; a submarginal waved grey line 
with black marks on it at costa, and on each side of vein 6. Hind 
wing with outer margin rounded ; traces of waved lines ; a post- 
medial line angled on vein 4 ; a waved greyish submarginal line. 
Underside with curved postmedial and submarginal lines. 

Hind wing of male on underside clothed entirely with rough 
grey and black scales. 

Hah. Dharmsaia ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Jfiaep. 16 millim. 

3768. CMoroclystis emarginaria, Hmpsn. III. Het.ix, p. 152, pi. 171, 

fig. 14. 

Differs from recensitaria in the outer margin of the hind wing 
being crenulate and slightly excised below apex. 

The male has the upperside much darker ; the underside of hind 
wing clothed with rough ochreous hair to the postmedial line. 
The INaga female has the postmedial line of fore wing bent 
inwards at costa. 

Hob. Nagas ; JNllgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 26 millim. 

3769. Chloroclystis rufifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 152, pi. 171, 

fig. 15. 

Differs from recensitaria in being dark green. Fore wing with 
the rufous suffusion confined to the medial area, sometimes to its 
costal half ; both wings with the postmedial line prominently 
black with white outer edge, on fore wing more evenly curved and 
waved ; the submarginal pale waved line more prominent. The 
outer margin of hind wing is sometimes evenly curved, sometimes 
excised below apex. Underside without rough scales on hind wing 
of male. 

Hah. Khasis; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp., 3 12, $ 18 millim. 

3770. Chloroclystis indicata, Wlk. Cat. xxxv, p. 1675. 

cj . Ochreous, suffused with dark brown and rufous ; wings 
with faint traces of waved lines ; a double curved postmedial line, 
the area beyond it paler, with dark streaks on fore wing below 
costa and on each side of vein 5, and patches at outer angle of 
fore wing and apex of hind wing ; a dentate submarginal line most 
prominent on hind wing. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 18 millim. 

3771. Chloroclystis spissidentata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 383. 

cJ . Fuscous, thickly speckled with small ochreous white spots ; 
wings with numerous indistinct waved lines ; the postmedial line 



396 geometric. 

on a whitish band with waved edges ; fore wing with a black cell- 
speck. Underside with postmedial line produced to an angle on 
vein 4 of each wing. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp. 18 millim. 

B. (Ardonis). Male with the fore wing very broad; a round patch 

of differentiated black scales on underside on vein 2 ; hindwinq 
with a similar patch on upper side at fork of veins 6, 7. 

3772. Chloroclystis chlorophilata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1768; C. fy S 
no. 3784. 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen malachite-green, with some 
rufous markings ; abdomen with blackish band on 2nd segment 
and blackish dorsal tufts ; wings malachite-green. Tore wing with 
some dark rufous at base of costa ; triangular medial and smaller 
postmedial patches ; a quadrate apical patch ; a patch from end of 
cell to outer margin between veins 6 and 4, and crossed by the 
waved white submarginal line. Hind wing with the costai half 
nacreous white, with the black sexual mark on it ; the inner area 
green, with the base dark, and with three indistinct waved lines. 
Underside pale, suffused with fuscous ; three waved dark lines, 
obsolete on inner half of fore wing. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Bhutan ; Khasis ; Nilgiris. Exp. 26 millim. 

C. Male with the area near outer angle of fore iving on upperside 

thickly clothed with long rough hair-like scales ; the whole of 
hind wing, except the costal area, clothed with similar but shorter 



id. 



3773. Chloroclystis lucinda, But I. A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p 442 • 

111. Het. ix, pi. 170, fig. 11. 

S . Pale grass-green, irrorated with black. Pore wing with 
traces of black subbasal and antemedial lines ; the medial area 
largely suffused with black and edged by waved black lines, the 
outer line dentate at veins 6 and 4 ; traces of a waved submarginal 
line ; the long hair-like scales near outer area of fore wing and on 
hind wing pale brownish ochreous. 

2 with the hind wing pale fuscous, with curved postmedial 
line. 

Hab. Japan ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Mlgiris ; Ceylon. Exp , 
S 18, 2 20 millim. 

J). Male with the costa arched at middle and fringed with rough 
hair varying in length in the several species. 

a. (Phrissogonus). Hind tibice of male with two pairs of 
spurs ; fore wing ivith the apex not produced. 

3774. Chloroclystis modesta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 383. 

d . Fuscous, suffused with rufous on body and base of wings, 
which have traces of numerous waved lines. Pore win^ with 



CHLOEOCLTSTIS. 397 

highly crenulate olive-green postmedial liue, sending a tooth 
inwards along vein 5 to the eel) ; a fine waved submarginal olive 
line. Hind wing with double postmedial and single submarginal 
curved and waved olive Hues. 

Hub. Sikhiin; Burma. Exp. 26 millim. 

b. (Calluga). Hind tibice of male with terminal pair of spurs only, 
the outer spur nearly as long as the tarsus and dilated at 
extremity ; fore tibia with a tuft of hair on outer side at base, 
then contorted and with another tuft at extremity ; antennw 
with the basal joint large and ending in a small process, the shaft 
coming off from it at an angle, thickened and fringed above ivith 
large scales ; fore wing with the apex produced, the subcostcd 
nervure bent downwards and the areole very large. 

3775. Chloroclystis costalis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 480, pi. 206, 
fig. 1 ; C.$S. no. 3790. 

Pale olive-green (changing to ochreous), suffused with rufous, 
and irrorated with black ; wings with numerous indistinct waved 
white lines. Fore wing with the costal half rufous to the post- 




Fig. 185. — Chloroclystis costalis, <$ . \. 

medial line, which is oblique, black, and excurved below costa; a 
waved white submarginal line, with rufous and black patches inside 
it on costa and below apex. Hind wing with black medial line 
excurved below costa. 

Hab. Bhutan ; Nagas ; Ceylon ; Burma. Exp. 18 millim. 

E. (Axinoptera). Male with a tuft of black hair on hind tibice, just 
before the terminal spurs ; fore wing ivith the costa bent upwards 
and highly angled close to the base, a fold on uppersicle from 
the angle of costa to near apex, containing rough rufous scales ; 
vein 7 from the angle of cell, ivhich is short, the posterior wall 
of areole being absent. 

3776. Chloroclystis subcostalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 155, pi. 171, 
figs. 24, 25. 

Olive-brown ; the palpi black ; metathorax and abdomen with 
black markings ; wings slightly irrorated with black and with 
traces of numerous waved lines. Fore wing with black at base of 
costa ; a dentate black antemedial line ; a prominent postmedial 
line angled at vein 4, and with black streaks beyond it inside the 
waved grey submarginal line ; the subcostal fold in male bright 



Genus EUPITHECIA. 



398 GEOMETBID.E. 

rufous. Hind wing suffused with rufous to the prominent curved 
slightly sinuous black postmedial line ; a diffused waved black 
submarginal line with white spot beyond it at middle. 
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 20 millim. 

Eupithecia, Curt. Brit. Ent. vi, pi. 64 (1825). ^ 

Tephroclystia, Hilbn. Verz. p. 323 (? 1818), non descr. 
Pena, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 130 (1863). 
Eurypeplodes, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 382. 

Type, E. absinthiata, Curt., from Europe. 

Range. Universally distributed. 

Palpi usually reaching just beyond the frontal tuft ; the 2nd 
joint clothed with hair ; antennae of male ciliated ; hind tibiae with 
two pairs of spurs ; abdomen with slight dorsal crests. Eore wing 
with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6 from upper angle; 10,11 stalked, 10 anastomosing 
with 7, 8, 9 to form the areole. Hind wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 
anastomosing with 7 to beyond middle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Eupithecia). Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching only just 
beyond the frontal tuft ; fore wing usually with a tuft of 
raised scales on discocellulars. 

3777. Eupithecia eupitheciata, Wlk. Cat. xxvi, p. 1720. 

Cephalissa delogramma, Meyer, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1886, p. 195. 
Eupithecia dentifascia, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii. p. 117, pi. 152, 
fig. 12. 

Dark red-brown, irr orated with black and suffused with fuscous. 
Eore wing with oblique, subbasal, and antemedial lines angled 
below costa ; the medial area blackish, with black cell-speck and 
edged by oblique black lines, the outer highly dentate below 
veins 3 and 2 ; an indistinct waved postmedial line and waved 
grey submarginal line; patches of fuscous suffusion on margin 
below apex and above outer angle. Hind wing with indistinct 
dark antemedial, medial, postmedial, and submarginal lines, 
becoming obsolescent on costal area, which is pale. 

Hab. Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; Shan States ; Australia ; Eiji ; 
Tonga,. Exp. 20 millim. 

3778. Eupithecia lucigera, Butt. 111. Het. vii, p. 115, pi. 137, fig. 11. 

<$ . Black -brown ; the metathorax rufous ; a pure white tuft 
round claspers. Eore wing with a diffused pale rufous fascia 
from the base of inner margin to the large and prominent tuft of 
raised black scales on discocellulars ; a large pale postmedial patch 
touching the costa ; a white speck near outer angle. Underside 
of hind wing with traces of cell-speck and antemedial, postmedial, 
and submarginal lines. 

Hab. Dharmsala. Exp. 20 millim. 



EUPITHECIA. 399 

V 

3779. Eupithecia subtacincta, n. sp. 

Eupithecia isogrammata, Butt. 111. Het. vii, p. 23 (nee Treit.). 
Eupithecia kaworthiata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 24 (nee Doubl.). 

2 . Dark fuscous ; wings with faint traces of numerous waved 
lines ; a dark cell-speck ; an obscure dark curved antemedial line 
and grey subruarginal line. Underside pale, with three dark lines 
on basal area, less prominent on fore wing than on hind wing : 
prominent postmedial and submarginal bands. 

Hab. Dharmsala (Hocking). Exp. 20 millim. Type in B. M. 

3780. Eupithecia rigida, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1892, p. 2. 

S . Dark vinous red ; abdomen with dorsal white specks. Fore 
wing with obliquely waved white and black antemedial line ; a 
black speck at end of cell ; an oblique postmedial black and white 
line angled below costa and reduced to small black and white 
lunules from below costa to above inner margin, a series of black 
specks beyond it ; an apical blackish patch ; a submarginal series 
of white specks, one above the outer angle being large. Hind 
wing fuscous, except the inner area, which is vinous red with 
minutely waved double white postmedial line. Underside with 
a patch of crimson on middle of costa of fore wing and another at 
anal angle of hind wing. 

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 22 millim. 

3781. Eupithecia rajata, Gum. Phal. ii, p. 328; C. $ S. no. 3777. 
Eupithecia quadripunctata, Warr. F. Z. S. 1888, p. 331 : C. 8? S. 

no. 3776 a. 
Eupithecia infestata, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 430. 

Dark fuscous. Eore wing with very numerous indistinct 
obliquely waved lines ; a large tuft of raised black scales at end of 

cell ; the postmedial line fairly 
well defined, excurved and angled 
at vein 6, and slightly incurved 
from vein 3 to inner margin ; a 
crenulate whitish submarginal 
line, often with white specks on 
it, at veins 4 and 2. Hind wing 
F'g- 1 86. w ith a speck at end of cell ; 

Eupithecia rajata, J. \. ^ fcraceg q£ numer0Lls waved liues 

on inner area, and a more prominent grey submarginal line. 

The submarginal line of each wing is sometimes indistinct. The 
species is allied to albijmnctata, Haw. 

Hab. Dharmsala ; Khasis ; JNagas ; Mhow : Mlgiris ; Cevlon. 
Exp. 20-24. 

3782. Eupithecia atrisignis, Butl. 111. Het. vii, p. 114, pi. 137. 

fig-. 10. 
Eupithecia silenata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 23 (nee Stand/.). 

Differs from rajata in being much greyer. Eore wing with a 
double medial line filled in with grey, angled outwards below the 




400 GEOMETRID.33. 

costa and excurved round the tuft of black scales ; the postmedial 
line with diffused black inside it, often reduced to short streaks on 
the veins ; the submarginal line less prominent. 

The type specimen has a slight purplish tinge, and has diffused 
black on the subbasal, antemedial, postmedial, and submarginal 
lines of fore wing. 

Hab. Dharmsala. Exp. 20-22 millim. 

3783. Eupithecia conjunctiva, n. sp. 

Eupithecia rufescens, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 23 (nee A. M> N. H. 
[5] i, p. 445), 

<$ . Differs from rajata in being much greyer. Eore wing with 
an antemedial line highly angled in cell to the discocellular tuft, 
then sinuous to inner margin ; a medial line angled outwards 
beyond the tuft of scales and inwards on median nervure almost 
to the antemedial line ; the postmedial line angled on vein 6, then 
straight and oblique almost to inner margin, and joined to the 
antemedial line by a black streak in interno-median interspace. 
Hind wing with hardly a trace of waved lines ; a double straight 
postmedial line, slightly angled at vein 6. 

Hab. Dharmsala (Hocking). Exp. 24 millim. Type in B. M. 

3784. Eupithecia acutangula, n. sp. 

2 . Grey, irrorated with fuscous ; thorax with a black band 
behind the collar ; abdomen with a fuscous band on 2nd segment. 
Eore wing with indistinct black subbasal line angled below costa ; 
three indistinct antemedial lines ; a line of raised black scales on 
discocellulars ; a double postmedial line produced to a very strong 
angle beyond the cell ; an indistinct pale waved submarginal line. 
Hind wing with cell-speck and traces of waved lines on inner 
area, which is much more irrorated with fuscous. 

Hab. Dalhousie (Harford). Exp. 28 millim. Type in B. M. 

3785. Eupithecia latimedia, n. sp. 

Head grey ; thorax rufous, irrorated and suffused with grey and 
black ; abdomen grey, with a black band on 2nd segment. Fore 
wing rufous ; an antemedial line, the medial area suffused with 
grey and black, inwardly edged by a curved line, outwardly by a 
straight line, and by the raised black scales on discocellulars ; 
submarginal grey and black patches below apex and at outer 
angle ; the costa grey. Hind wdng rufous ; a cell-speck ; the 
inner area with diffused subbasal, medial, and submarginal lines ; 
both wings with a marginal black line and the cilia fuscous. 

Hab. Dalhousie (Harford). Exp. 24 millim. Type in B. M. 

3786. Eupithecia fulvipennis, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 114, pi. 137, 

Eupithecia albispumata ; Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 384, pi. 30, 
tig. 23. 

Chestnut ; the head grey and fuscous ; wings with traces of 



EUPITHECIA. 401 

numerous waved lines. Pore wing with the costa to beyond 
middle grey, extending on medial area down to vein 5, and 
embracing the discocellular tuft of black scales ; the inner medial 
area slightly suffused with grey ; a submarginal series of white 
specks. Hind wing with the inner area suffused with grey. 

The outer area of fore wing may be darker, and the whole hiud 
wing fuscous grey. In the form albispumata the area beyond the 
cell of: fore wing is somewhat powdered with grey, and the sub- 
marginal white specks are slight. 

Hah. Dharmsala ; Khasis. Exp. 20-22 millim. 

3787! Eupithecia asema, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 117, pi. 152, fig. 23. 

White, slightly irrorated and suffused with pale ochreous 
brown ; wings with traces of numerous oblique minutely waved 
ochreous lines, and a somewhat more prominent crenulate white 
submarginal line. 

Hah. Nilgiri plateau. Exp. 22 millim. 

3788. Eupithecia hemileuca, n. sp. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey and dark brown ; the 
thorax and 1st segment of abdomen pure white. Pore wing pure 
white, with four large blackish patches on the costa ; indistinct 
irregular subbasal and medial lines ; a black speck at end of cell ; 
a postmedial line very much excurved below costa, then bent 
inwards along vein 5 to the discocellulars, the area beyond it red- 
brown, except at outer angle, with two indistinct pale waved lines 
on it. Hind wing white, with indistinct ante- and postmedial 
lines excurved below costa, the postmedial line with black streaks 
on it from cell to inner margin ; a minute cell-speck ; a black 
patch at anal angle ; a fine marginal black line. 

Hah. Dalhousie {Harford). Exp. 24 millim. Type in B. M. 
4 

3789. Eupithecia costipicta, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 383, pi. 30, fig. 21. 

2 . Brownish grey ; wings with numerous indistinct obliquely 
sinuous lines. Pore wing with five brown patches on the costa ; a 
black spot at end of cell, the double medial line being produced to a 
very acute angle round it ; the outer area suffused with brown, 
except just below apex and at middle ; hind wing with cell-speck j 
both wings with fine marginal black line. 
Hah. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 
1 

3790. Eupithecia rufipicta, n. sp., P. Z. S. 1893, pi. 30, fig. 22. 

$ . Dull white ; the head dark red-brown ; wings with traces 
of numerous waved lines. Pore wing with dark red-brown patches 
on the costa, from which the waved lines arise, the patches being 
almost conjoined on basal half ; the double antemedial line angled 
on median nervure ; a prominent black cell-spot ; large rufous 
patches on outer margin below apex and at outer angle. Hind 
wing with a subbasal brown patch ; a prominent black cell-spot ; 

VOL. III. 2 D 



402 GEOMETRIES. 

fi double waved postmedial line, interrupted by a ferruginous patch 
between veins 2 and 4 ; the outer area rufous except at middle. 
Underside pale; each wing with prominent cell-spot, postmedial 
line excurved beyond cell, and interrupted submarginal line. 

The figure in the ' Proceedings of the Zoological Society ? repre- 
sents this species and not Chloroclystis ruhrinotata. 

Hob. Sikbitn (Mdller). Exp. 26 millim. Type in coll. Elwes. 

3791. Eupithecia lineosa, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 268 ; C. fy S. no. 3774. 
2 • Cinereous brown. Tore wing with the basal half browner 

and bounded by an oblique medial line ; the outer half crossed by 
several oblique diffused brown lines. Hind wing with numerous 
indistinct diffused brown lines. 
Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 20 millim. 

3792. Eupithecia listata, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 268 ; C.fyS. no. 3781. 

S . Head brown; thorax and abdomen whitish. Fore wing 
pale rufous brown, the basal half, except some costal patches, with 
confluent white strigse, and bounded by an indistinct oblique medial 
line ; a sinuous white-speckled submarginal line. Hind wing white, 
with traces of fuscous ante- and postmedial lines, and marginal 
rufous band. 

Bab. Sikhim. Exp. 20 millim. 

•Sect. II. (Pena). Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching far beyond the 
frontal tuft ; fore wing with no tuft of raised scales on 
discocellulars. 

3793. Eupithecia costalis, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p 130. 

Leiocera ferrisparsata, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 152, pi. 171, fig. 8. 

2 . Cinereous white ; the palpi, head, collar, and fore legs bright 
ferruginous ; abdomen with a ferruginous band on 1st segment. 
Pore wing with the costa ferruginous ; some fuscous on subcostal 
nervure ; a waved subbasal dark line ; double dark-edged pale 
ante- and postmedial bands, the latter excurved beyond cell, 
dentate outwards on veins 6 and 4, and inwards below vein 2 ; 
two irregularly dentate medial lines ; the outer area ferruginous, 
turning to brown at the margin ; a pale waved submarginal line. 
Hind wing with four waved lines on basal half ; a double dark- 
edged postmedial pale band incurved beyond cell ; both wings with 
fine marginal line. 

Hah. Nagas ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon ; E. Pegu ; Borneo. Exp. 22 
millim. 

3794. Eupithecia irambata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 382, pi. 30, fig. 8. 

Chestnut ; the male darker than the female ; wings with traces 
of numerous waved lines, most distinct on outer area of hind wing ; 
fore wing with a pale-edged black speck at end of cell and an 
obscure submarginal series of white specks. 

Eab. Sikhim. Exp. 25-30 millim. 



EUPITHECIA. TRICHOPTERIGTA. 403 

795. Eupithecia rubridorsata, n. sp. 

2 . Palpi black ; head, thorax, and abdomen orange-red. Fore 
wing with the basal two-thirds dark fuscous, the outer third dark 
rufous ; an orange-red basal patch ; a black cell-spot ; traces of 
antemedial, four medial, and a submarginal waved whitish line. 
Hind wing whitish ; the inner and outer areas suffused with 
brown ; numerous indistinct waved lines, of which a medial and 
postmedial are the most prominent. 

Hab. Sikhim (Knyvett). Exp, 28 millim. Type in col]. Elwes. 

3796. Eupithecia incurvata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 268; C. $ 8. no. 3773. 

<S . Olive-brown. Fore wing with antemedial brown band with 
sinuous whitish edges ; the broad medial area bnywn, defined by 
sinuous whitish lines, the inner angled in cell and followed by a 
dark brown band and a waved brown line, the outer edge angled 
at vein 4 ; a sinuous w T hitish submarginal line, with a brown patch 
on its inner edge from costa to vein 4, and a brown subapical spot 
beyond it. Hind wing fuscous, with traces of curved postmedial 
line. 

Hab. Khasis. Exp. 22 millim. 

Genus TRXCHOPTERIGIA, nov. 

Type, T. decorata, Moore. 

Range. Himalayas ; Khasis. 

Palpi clothed with hair, porrect, and reaching well beyond the 
short frontal tuft ; antennae of male minutely ciliated ; hind tibiae 
with one pair of spurs, male with tuft of hair from femoro-tibial 
joint ; abdomen reaching slightly beyond the hind wing. Pore 
wing with the outer margin long ; vein 3 from before angle of 
cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 from above upper augle ; 
10, 11 stalked, 10 anastomosing with 8, 9 to form the areole. 
Hind wing of male with the inner area reduced to a small lobe at 
base ; vein 3 from before angle of cell, 5 from above angle ; the 
discocellulars highly angled ; veins 6, 7 stalked; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell. 

3797. Trichopterigia decorata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 272; C.$ S.no.3898. . 
- 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey and ochreous, with a few fuscous 

scales. Pore wing semi- 
hyaline grey, irrorated with 
olive and black scales ; some 
black spots on costa ; the 
base ochreous, bounded by 
an oblique black line ; traces 
of a medial line and line on 

?ig.\81.-Tricho^erigia decorata, J. \. discocellulars; an irregu- 
larly sinuous submarginal 
line, with a series of crimson spots beyond it. Hmcl wing serni- 

2d2 




1 



404 GEOMETHID^E. 

hyaline white ; both wings with the veins of outer area and the 
margin blackish. 

Some specimens have a diffused fuscous medial band on fore 
wing. 

Hab. Sikhim, 13,000 feet ; Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

3798. Trichopterigia sanguinipunctata, Warr.P. Z. S. 1893. p. 363, 

pi. 31, fig. 17. 
Lobophora pulcherrima, Sivinh. A.M. N. H. (6) xii, p. 224. 

Differs from decorata in the thorax and abdomen being spotted 
with crimson. Fore wing with the irroration entirely olive ; a few 
crimson spots on basal area ; the medial area suffused with crimson 
and with numerous spots and short streaks on the veins; a series 
of red marginal spots. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 30 millim. 

3799. Trichopterigia rufinotata, Butl. III. Het. vii, p. 116, pi. 137, 

fig. 13. 

2 . Differs from decorata in the fore wing being greenish grey, 
with numerous indistinct waved lines, some of the medial lines 
being fuscous and forming a band which forks towards costa : the 
subbasal line angled ; three submarginal lines, with one red spot 
beyond them below costa and four at middle. Hind wing with 
two indistinct submarginal lines. 
Hab. Kulu. Exp. 40 millim. 

Genus TEICHOPTERYX. 

Trickopteryx, Hubn. Verz. p. 323 (? 1818). 

Type, T. carpinata, Borkh., from Europe. 
Range. Nearctic and Palsearctic regions ; Himalayas ; Khasis. 
Differs from Trichopterigia in the fore wing having vein 10 
anastomosing with 11 and then with 8, 9 to form a double areole. 

Sect. I. Male with vein 8 of hind wing connected with 7 by an 
oblique bar at end of cell. 

3800. Trichopteryx sikkima, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 272, pi. 8, fig. 30 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3899. 
Amathia nigronotata, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 362, pi. 31, fig. 18. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous, slightly irrorated with 
black. Tore wing white ; male with the disk irrorated with purple 
scales ; female with traces of numerous waved olive lines ; sinuous 
subbasal, antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines, with olive bands 
on the outer edge of the first and last, and on the inner edge of 
the two middle lines; a submarginal series of black specks on 
olive spots ; some black spots on vein 1 and a marginal series. 
Hind wing pure white. 

Hab. Sikhim. Exp., 6 28, $ 34 millim. 



TRICHOPTEItYX. MICROLOBA. 405 

< 3801. Trichopteryx macularia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1807, p. 653 ; C. $ S. 
no. 3753. 
Amathia rivularis, Wan: P. Z. S. 1893, p. 363, pi. 31, fig. 16. 

2 . Brownish ochreous ; head and thorax slightly irrorated with 
black. Fore wing with subbasal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, 
and submarginal bands formed of somewhat ill-defined waved black 
lines interrupted below costa ; the outer area suffused with olive- 
green, the veins being speckled with black. Hind wing whitish ; 
both wings with marginal black line. 

Bab. Sikhim, 7500 feet. Exp. 36 millim. 



Sect. II. Male with vein 8 of hind wing anastomosing with 7 to 
near end of cell. 



3; 



3802. Trichopteryx viretata, HUbn. Samml. eur. Schmett, Geom. 
fig. 230. 

Head and thorax dark olive-green ; palpi blackish ; antenna? 
ringed with black ; abdomen fuscous. Fore wing dark olive-green ; 
traces of numerous waved dark lines ; some fuscous suffusion in 
end of cell, interno-median interspace, and between veins 2 and 3 
and 4 and 6; a marginal series of black specks. Hind wing 
fuscous. 

Hah. Europe ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Khasis. Exp. 28 millim, 



(J^v^fenus MICROLOBA, 



nov. 



Tyloptera, Christ, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. lv, (2) p. 114 (1880), 
praeocc. 

Type, M. bella, Butl. 

Range. Amur ; Japan ; Sikhim. 

Palpi hairy and not reaching beyond the frons, which is rounded : 
antennae bipectinated to three-fourths length in both sexes, the 
branches longer in the male than the female. Fore wing ample ; 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 
from below angle of cell ; 11 anastomosing with 7, 8, 9, 10 to form a 
small areole. Hind wing small ; male with the inner area reduced 
to a small hair-fringed lobe at base ; vein 2 terminating on inner 
margin ; 3 from near angle of cell running to anal angle ; the 
discocellulars angled and vein 5 absent ; 6 from far below upper 
angle of cell ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to near end of cell ; female 
with the inner area not aborted ; vein 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 stalked. 

3803. Microloba bella, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i, p. 448 ; id. III. Het 
iii, pi. 54, fig. 10. 7 
Tyloptera eburneata, Christ, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. lv, (2) p. 116. 

White : the vertex of head fuscous and fulvous : the base and 




406 GEOMETRID^;. 

extremity of abdomen fulvous. Fore wing with the medial area 
slightly tinged with fulvous ; traces of waved ante- and post- 
medial lines, the latter sometimes developed into an indistinct 

band ; reddish - brown sub- 
basal and medial patches on 
costa and a small post-media 
spot ; a black discocellular 
spot ; the outer area fulvous, 
except between veins 2 and 5, 
and with a waved submarginal 
Fig. 188.— Micwloba bella, tf. \. pale line. Hind wing with a 

black speck at lower angle of 
cell ; an indistinct waved medial line and submarginal series of 
lunules ; a more or less complete marginal fulvous band, sometimes 
reduced to a spot at anal angle. 

Hah. Amur ; Japan ; Sikhim. Exp., $ 36, $ 41 millim. 

Genus BRABIILA. 
Brabira, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 271 (1888). 

Type, B. atkinsoni, Moore. 

Range. Askold Island, Siberia ; Sikhim. 

Palpi clothed with hair and reaching well beyond the frons ; 
antennae of male bipectinated to three-fourths length ; hind tibiae 
with two pairs of spurs. Pore wing ample : the outer margin 
•oblique ; vein 2 much curved ; 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from 
above middle of discocellulars ; 6 from upper angle ; 10 anasto- 
mosing with 11, and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole, 
Wind wing small ; male with a large fold at base ; the outer margin 
produced to an acute point at vein 5 ; veins 2, 3 close together 
from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from the angle, then separating 
widely ; 6, 7 absent ; 8 bent down and touching the extremity of 
the cell ; female with the margin produced to points at veins 3> 
and 7 ; veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6 absent. 

3804. Brabira atkinsoni, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 271 ; C. $ S. no. 3803. 

Brownish ochreous. Pore wing with indistinct waved double- 
subbasal, ante- and postmedial lines, with fuscous patches on 
them at costa, the last line oblique ; a black spot at end of cell ; a 
pale waved submarginal line. 

Hob. Sikhim. Exp. 30 millim. 

3805. Brabira artemidora, Oberth. M. Ent. x, p. 33, pi. 1, fig. 6. 
Brabira pallida, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 271, pi. 8, fig. 12 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3804. 

d . Greyish white, slightly suffused with brown ; the antennae 



BRA13IRA. — PHTHONOLOBA. 



407 



blackish. Fore wing with five black triangular spots on the 
costa ; indistinct double waved ante- and postmedial lines filled 
in with white ; a black spot at end of cell ; a waved white sub- 




Fig. 189. — Brabira artemidora, <$ . 



marginal line. Hind wing with broad diffused fuscous ante- 
medial band and paler narrow postmedial submarginal and mar- 
ginal bands. 

Hab. Askold ; Sikhiin. Exp. 30 lnilliin. 

Genus PHTH0N0L0BA. 

Phthonoloba, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 397 (1894). 

Type, P. decussata, Moore. 

Range. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Travancore. 

Palpi porrect, about twice the length of head, the 2nd joint 
fringed above with hair ; frons rounded ; antennas of male thickened 
and flattened ; hind tibiae with one pair of spurs ; male with a tuft 
of hair from the femoro-tibial joint ; abdomen very long. Pore 
wing very ample ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle 
of discocellulars ; 6 from above angle ; 10 anastomosing with 11, 
and then with 8, 9 to form the double areole. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
7 from before upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to middle 
of cell. 



3806. Phthonoloba decussata, Moore, P, Z. s, 1867, p. 655, pi. 33, 
fig. 10; C. %■ S. no. 3793. 

Head and thorax bright green, marked with black ; palpi black 

at tips ; antennae ringed 
with black ; abdomen 
fuscous, with some green 
at base and extremity. 
Fore wing bright green, 
with numerous waved 
black lines connected in 
places by black patches, 
Pig. 190. — Phthonoloba decussata, cJ. }• which form ill-defined 

ante- and postmedial 
bands ; two submarginal streaks and some patches on the suh- 




-108 geometkidjE. 

marginal line. Hind wing fuscous, with traces of postmedial 
line. 

Hab. Sikhim ; Khasis ; Nilgiris ; Travancore. Exp., <3 34, 
2 40 millim. 

Genus SAURIS. 

Sauris, Guen. Thai, ii, p. 361 (1857). 
Rem odes, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 362. 
Holorista, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 397 (1894). 

Type, S. hirudinata, Guen. 

Range. S.Africa; throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma; the 
Malayan subregion and Australian region. 

Palpi porrect, usually about three times the length of head, the 2nd 
joint fringed with hair above ; antennas of male very much thickened 
and flattened ; hind tibia? of male without spurs, of female with 
one pair ; abdomen very long. Fore wing very ample ; vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 10, 11 stalked, 10 anastomosing with 8, 9 to form 
the areole. Hind wing of female with vein 2 from near angle of 
cell ; 3, 4 stalked or from angle ; 5 from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with 7 to near angle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing of male with no distortion at outer angle 
hind wing with no distortion of outer area ; hind tibiae not 
distorted. 

A. Palpi about twice the length of head and curved obliquely forward; 

hind wing ivith no lobe at base and vein 3 present. 

3807. Sauris normis, n. sp. 

S . Pale yellowish green. Pore wing with traces of numerous 
waved lines ; a medial slightly darker area widening to costa 
followed by a pale postmedial band, then a slightly darker band ; 
an indistinct submarginal line and marginal series of specks. Hind 
wing very pale fuscous. 

Hab. Sikhim (Dudgeon). Exp. 80 millim. Type in B. M. 

B. Palpi about three times the length of head and straight ; hind wing 

of male ivith a vesicular lobe at base and vein 3 absent. 

3808. Sauris abnormis, Moore, Lep. Ath. p. 271, pi. 8, fig. 11 ; C. $ S. 

no. 3792. 
Reuiodes melanocera, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 119, pi. 152 
fig. 10. 

S • Differs from hirudinata in being paler green, irrorated with 
silvery scales ; fore wing with the purplish lines of disk obsolescent ; 
the outer area purplish, narrowing towards apex and with a 
pale waved submarginal line on it. 

The Khasi form is bright pale green, with the marginal dark 



SAURIS. 



409 



area very prominent; the Nilgiri melanocera is olive, with the 
marginal band obscure. 

Bab. Khasis ; Mlgiris ; Burma. Exp. 28 millim. 

3809. Sauris postalba, n. sp. 

<$ . Differs from hirudinata in the head, thorax, and abdomen 
being banded by fine white lines ; fore wing with the ground-colour 
of the greater part of the medial and outer areas white ; the post- 
medial dark lines angled beyond the cell. Hind wing nearly pure 
white. 

Bab. Bombay. Exp. 20 millim. Type in B. M. 

Sect. II. Pore wing of male with an incision fringed with hair in 
outer margin above outer angle ; hind wing with the basal 
lobe forming a very large vesicle covered by a bilobed mem- 
branous lid ; the outer margin slightly distorted, produced 
above vein 6 but not lobed ; veins 3 and 5 absent ; 8 anasto- 
mosing with 7 to far beyond end of cell; hind tibiae much 
bent towards extremity, and with a slight tuft of hair. 

3810. Sauris ignohilis, Butl. A.M.N. H. (5) vi, p. 227; id. III. Bet. 

vi, pi. 120, fig. 3 ; C. fy S. no. 3796. 

<5 . Head, thorax, and fore wing grey, with ferruginous markings ; 
the last with broad ill-defined ante- and postmedial bands formed 
of numerous waved rufous and dark lines, the postmedial band 
angled at vein 5 ; an oblique striga on discocellulars ; a lunulate 




Fi£. 191. — Sauris 



ferruginous submarginal band not extending to costa, so that a 
pale apical patch is formed; a waved black line close to the 
margin ; a marginal series of black spots. Abdomen and hind 
wing ochreous brown. 

Bab. Sikhiin ; Nilgiris. Exp. 38 millim. 

Sect. III. Hind wing of male very much distorted, the inner area 
reduced to a large vesicle covered by a bilobed membranous 
lid with a tuft of hair from it ; the outer margin with two 
incisions, so that three lobes are formed, the middle one being 
largest and forming a vesicle covered with dark hair on under- 
side; veins 2 and 3 stalked and much curved; 4 and 5 from 
end of cell and much curved, 4 being obsolescent ; 6, 7 stalked 



410 GEOMETRIES. 

and bent down to the middle lobe; 8 becoming coincident 
with 7 from end of cell to margin ; hind tibiae of male much 
curved towards extremity ; the first joint of tarsus swollen 
and curved. 

A. Fore wing of male with no distortion at outer angle ; hind tibia 

without tufts of hair at extremity. 

3811. Sauris olivacea, Warr. P. Z. S. 1893, p. 363, pi. 31, fig. 20. 

Differs from hirudinata in having no purplish suffusion on fore 
wing below and beyond the cell ; two dark submarginal patches. 

In the female in some specimens an antemedial band, a medial 
band near inner margin, and a broad postmedial band are developed 
into prominent black bands. 

Hab. Hongkong; Sikhim ; E. Pegu. Exp., d 30, $ 34-38 
millim. 

B. Fore wing of male with the outer angle distorted and clothed ivith 

curved hair on underside ; hind tibia 3 , with a tuft of long hair 
from extremity ; paired lateral tufts from base of abdomen. 

3812. Sauris hirudinata, Guen. Phal. ii, p. 362; C. $ S. no. 3795. 
Sauris remodesaria, Wlk. Cat. xxiv, p. 1253 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, 

pi. 207, figs. 3, 5, 2 : C. $ S. no. 3801. 
Remodes interruptata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 270 ; C. 8f S. no. 3797. 
Remodes triseriata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 485, pi. 207, figs. 1, 4 ; 

C. $ S. no. 3802. 
Remodes elaica, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1886, p. 1 93. 
Remodes cinerosa, Warr. Nov. Zool. p. 397. 

Head and thorax olive-green, with slight dark markings ; antenna? 
black, Fore wing olive-green, irrorated with silvery scales ; 
numerous indistinct waved green lines, one subbasal line, two 
antemedial, three postmedial, and one submarginal being purplish 
fuscous ; some purplish suffusion in interno-median interspace and 
beyond cell ; a speck at end of cell ; th