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Full text of "Proceedings of the Republican meeting of the citizens of Albany and Colonie, at Jared Skinner's Long room, March 13th, 1810"

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Julius Schoonmaker 
12 Dec ■.1912* 



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PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



REPUBLICAN MEETING 



OF THE 



Citizens of Albany and Colonic, 



AT 



JARED SKINNER'S LONG ROOM, 



MARCH 13th, 1810. 



 • • » • 



PRINTED BY R, PACKARD, No. 41 ST|)lTE-§TREET. . 

1810. 



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REPUBLICAN MEETING 

OF THE 

CITIZENS OF ALBANY and COLONIE. 

At the most numerous and respectable meeting of 
the Republican Citizens of Albany and the Colo-^ 
me, ever held in this city, at jfARED SKIN- 
NER^s Long Room, on Tuesday Evening, 
March I3th, I^IO. 

GEORGE MERCHANT, Esq. Chairman. 
CHARLES D. COOPER, Esq. Secretary. 

The business of the meeting was introduced by Solomon South- 
wick, Esq. who delivered the following ADDRESS : — . 
Mr. Chairman, 

WE are called upon, sir, to nominate a Governor and Lieuten^ 
ant-Governor for this respectable state, and also to declare our opin- 
ions of the conduct of the government of the United States. In the 
performance of duties so important and so binding, I feel confident 
*his meeting can be swayed by no other motive than the love of 
country, that ruling passion in the breast of every genuine repub- 
lican. 

We find our country divided unhappily into two great parties, 
and however lamentable such a state of things may be, it appears 
to have been the lot of humanity from the earliest ages. How pain- 
ful the reflection to the bosom of philanthropy, that since the ex- 
pulsion of our first parents from the Garden of Eden, no period can 
be pointed to, when mankind were linked in the bonds of harmony, 
and when social intercourse was undisturbed by the clashings of in- 
terest, the bickerings of prejudice, the madness of ambition, and 
the rage of bigotry and superstition, Hence it is, that a free con- 
stitution may be compared to a solitary traveller in the deserts of 
Africa, surroimdcd on all sides by wily serpents and ferocious beasts 
of prey, and depending upon ever-watcl|ful vigilance alone to pre- 
serve him from the poisonous fangs of the one, and the devouring 
jaws of the other. 

To this country, sir, the eyes of the world have been directed as 
the only resting place of liberty ; but so far from being secure, she 
hae been constantly beset with enemies, from the tinie that our {n- 



4 
tbers cl»ose her as the " cloud by day and pillar of fire by night,** 
to lead them out of bondage, and to guide their course through the 
stormy mazes of a ckiik and bloody revolution. 

In that eventful period, the parties arose which have ever s\nc-e 
agitated this community, and which it is to be feared will continue 
to agitate it; WHIG and TORY were then the appellations by 
which the defenders of freedom were designated on the one hand, 
and her enemies on the other. The Whigs w ere the friends of 
freedom, and eventually triumphed, establishing-, as they fondly 
hoped and anticipated, the liberties and independence of their coun- 
try upon a solid and lasting foumlation. We have as yet, thank 
God, preserved our liberties, but through many perils and alarms. 
The entmy is still in our camp, where wc have permitted him to 
get a foot-hold, ajid like the ungrateful viper, may yet punish us 
for our rash credulity, by the destruction of our freedom. ^ 

In the revolution tiie Whigs went forv,ard and fought the battles 
of their country, devoting their time and exhausting their wealth, 
as well as risking their lives, to effect her salvation; while the To- 
ries, excepting a few of the boldest among them, looked quietly 
on, and preserved their property unimpaired, and in many cases in- 
creased it by speculating on the distresses of the Whigs. The, 
consequence was, that at the close of the revolution the Whigs 
vere impoverished, the Tories were enriched : And as property 
is too universally the basis of influence, the Tories soon took the 
lead in our affairs ; their bretluen who had been expelled from our 
shores, returned to take advantage of our magnanimous clemency, 
and to strengthen the party against liberty. Some distinguished 
apostates fi-om the whig ranks went over to this party — by this art- 
fid combination the people v.ere deluded; and even under the ad- 
ministration of the father of his country, so powerful had this toiy 
ii^Iluence become, that many honest men trembled for the safety of 
the constitution. In this state the venerable Clinton had led the 
whigs during the stinaggle for indv-^pendence ; the close of the con- 
test found him in possession of the executive chair, and the offices 
of .the state Were filled with the men who had shared witli their 
veteran chief the toils and dangers of the war. But a ncv,- era was 
soon to succeed. The pillars of the old confederation were too 
weak to suBtain the fabric of our union ; a new federal code became 
necessary. A convention was called — a constitution was formed — 
but it partook too much of the spirit of monarchy to suit the palates 



5 

Kj£ the genuine uhip,s. The sage Clinton contended for such 
cimendments as would render it congenial with the spirit of free- 
dom; while Mr. Jay, who had also b(?en a whig in the revolution, 
became the zealous advocate of its immediate and umiualified adop- 
tion. Mr. Hamilton took the same side. Tlicae gentlemen were 
for a government of energy. I^^j,eed the form proposed, which 
Clinton and his compatriots thought too energetic, Avas not enough 
so for Messrs. Hamilton and Jay — and as the tory principle is that 
of arbitrary power, it was natural for the friends of that principle to 
side with the ranks of these latter gentlemen. This party shortly 
after prevailed in this state— and the consequence was that Mr. Jay 
was elected to the office of Governor. His administration, it was 
soon perceived, would strengthen the tory intluence. Those whigs 
who had opposed his elevation, and had supported the amendments 
to the constitution, under the banners of Clinton and liberty, were 
systematica% excluded from places of trust and confidence, and it 
was finally determined that those of that description who were 
found in office when he took the hejm, should be dismissed to tlie 
ranks of private life. Thus and then it was, Mr. Chairman, that 
the system of turning men out of office on political grounds only, 
commenced in this state. The whigs were the first victims to this 
system, which has since alternately prevailed ; and however its con- 
sequences are to be regretted, so far as it may serve to inflame par- 
ty animosity and generate faction, those only are responsible for its 
evils to whom it owes its origin. But I owe it to Mr. Jay to state, 
that though his mind had been so far warped by his new associates 
(many of whom would have hung him when he was contending for 
the independence of his country in the revolution) as to exclude his 
opponents from being appointed to office— yet he never consented 
to the removal of those wlio were turned out. No, sir, the honor 
of that proscripthe measure is due to a man who had then bat jusr. 
emerged from obscurity, and vvho, without a spark of revolutionary 
merit, applied the scourge of his influence to men who had spent 
the flower of their age in fighting the battles of liberty. His influ- 
ence with the council cf appointment was paramoinit at that day, as 
it now is, to that of the Governor, and the whigs were, in every 
pounty, removed from office. In one county in particular, an hon- 
est old veteran of the revolution was i-emoved, and a man who had 
assisted the Indians iv, burning Schoharie was selected to fill his 
place on the bellch of Justice I Tliese measures, together with the 



6 

r^ous policy of the then federal administration, produced a revof 
Iiition in the minds of the people, and paved the way for the restora- 
tion of the patriotic Clinton to the chair of state. Mr. Jay resigned 
in disgust, and the whigs with one accord hailed the name of Clin- 
ton as that which should once m^re redeem them from political 
thraldom. Our revolutionary f'\eftain has since been called to 
preside in the councils of the Union ; but fortunately for the cause 
of freedom, his mantle now rests in the executive chair of this state, 
upon a man so much like him in taients, principles, habits and man- 
ners, that hereafter the names of Clinton and Tompkixs may af- 
ford a happy parallel in the pages of some American Plutarch. 

And now let me ask, Mr. Chairman, are there any in this meet-; 
ingwhoare dissatisfied Avith the administration of Tompkins? 
Three years have elapsed since in this very hall, he was the choice 
of a band of freemen, composed of many if not all who have here 
assembled on this nli^ht to pass judgment upon his public conduct, 
to determine whether it has been such as to justify their former 
choice, and to entitle him to a renewal of their confidence. If there 
be one who has any objections to offer, let him step forward, and I 
trust I shall be able to obviate every objection he can raise either 
to the public or private conduct of our patriotic and fcdthful chief 
magistrate — our worthy, generous, hospitable and benevolent fel-. 
low-cilizen. — This meeting is called, sir, for free discussion, and 
before wc resolve to support any candidate, let us weigh his pre- 
tensions to our suffrages, in the scales of candor, truth and justice, 
and if he be found wanting, let us not hesitate to discard him from 
our cQnfidence. I for one, believe, that the freemen of this state 
cannot do better than tore-elect Mr. Tompkins for their Governor, 
and in this belief I indulge the pleasing anticipation that a majority 
of the electors will agree with me. Is there, sir, in this vast as- 
semblage, one man who can say that Tompkins is not the friend of 
his country ? Is there one who can charge him with a single inten-. 
tional dereliction from duty in his executive trust ? His administra- 
tion, sir, invites inquiry : it will not shrink from any investigation, 
and the more we enquire, the firmer will be our conviction that it 
lias been guided by the dictates of an honest heart and a sound head : 
that the public good, the sole end of all legitimate government, has 
been ever uppermost in his thoughts, the Polar Star of all his labors 
and deliberations ; that neither selfishness nor ambition has sway-, 
ed him, or led him for a naoment from the patlis of integrity and 



patriotism ; that he is not only able and faithful in public, but viiv 
tuous and amiable in private life ; beloved and revered by his fami-' 
ly, esteemed and respected by his neighbors, secure in the admi- 
ration and attachment of his friends. — How many in this city can 
testify to the benevolence of his heart — how many are there who 
know him as the patron of enterprizc — the benefactor of the poor, 
the father of the fatherless, and the widow's friend ? Yet even this 
man, pure and unblemished as he is, cannot go through the ordeal 
"of an election without being scorched by the flames of calumny } 
charges will be brought both against his public and private charac- 
ter, but no one will be found base enough to father them, unless it 
be some abandoned hireling, the wretched instrument of a Jacobiu- 
ical Junto, who would rather " ruin than not rule the state." 

And who is he, sir, that we are called upon to vote for in prefcr= 
fence to the excellent character I have described ? And vv hat are 
the reasons that will justify the preference claimed at our hands ? 
I have heard but one gentleman spoken of as a competitor with 
Tompkins for the executive chair ; of this gentleman I knew but 
little — but what little I do know of him is not calculated to win my 
attachment. In private life I have no objection to grant, nay, I be- 
lieve, he is highly respectable and unimpeachable, but the very lit^ 
tie I have seen of his public conduct is sufficient to convince mb, 
that so long as we wish to preserve the freedoia of our constitution, 
so long we ought to guard most sacredly against clothing mer\, 
who possess the principles which he professes, with the smallest 
degree of power or political influence. I am the political adversary 
of JONAS PLATT because I deem his political tenets subver- 
sive of the constitution under which we live, and indeed of every 
constitution founded on the doctrines of liberty, the reciprocal and 
equal rights of mankind. Fortunately, in relation to Mr. Piatt, I 
have not to exclaim in the language of Job — " O ! that mine adver- 
sary had written a book !" For Mr, Piatt has once felt the inspira- 
ticHi of an au.hor, and from his book we shall be able to judge how 
far the spirit which inspired him is related to that spirit of libeity 
with which the people have inspired the constitution of our coun- 
try, and with which I trust in God they tl^mselves will never cease 
to be inspired and animated, even to martyrdom, if necessary, ia 
defence of that constitution. That instrument, sir, is the bulwark 
of our liberties. It recognizes the majesty of the people, for it 
purpoits on the fac^ of it to haye beei* creatied by the people for 



8 

their sole benefit and advaniage, to secure to tliemselves and pos- 
terity the blessings of liberty. But what says Mr. Piatt in his hock t 
Ife therein declares, that « the MAJESTY of the PEOPLE 
IS A MONSTROUS DEITY 1" And he goes on to ridicule it to 
the utmost extent of his wit. " Its properties (says he) are won- 
*' derful and inexplicable. It has a thousand heads, and as many 
** tongues ; these heads are all actuated by different wills, and these 
** tongues all speak difteient languages ; and yet these are not a 
" thousand wills, but one will — not a thousand languages, but one 
*' clear and distuict voice. Its parts are infinitely divisible, and yet 
^ each part is equal to the whole, for where two or three are met 
" together for factious purposes, even there is the Majesty of the 
"/«o///c in the midst of them. To a man of common sense and 
" honesty it is a stumbling block ; to a man without ambition it is 
" fiaolishness ; but the man who does not firmly believe and clearly 
" comprehend all this, has never been initiated into the sublime 
*' mysteries of Democracy." 

This passage, Mr. Chairman, I have quoted literally from the 
book which our political " adversary" hath written, and I cannot con- 
ceive a more outrageous or flagrant satire upou'the constitution of 
this land ; nor can I conceive of a more atrocious libel upon the 
people who framed 55* adopted that constitution as the sacred bond of 
their national union, and the charter of their religious, civil and po- 
litical rights. — There is a smack of wit in it, I confess, but whoever 
•will look into the christian crced of St. Athanasius, and the epistle 
cf Paul to the Corinthians, will find that Mr. Piatt has parodied and 
perverted thoee evangelical writers for the very laudable purpose 
of ridiculing the constitutioji of his country. And when v.e reflect 
that this phillippic upon the constitution, this satire upon the un- 
derstanding of the people, is contcuned in a pamphlet on the petty 
subject of establishing the scite for a court-house in the county of 
Oneida, and has reference only to that local and unimportant ques- 
tion ; a question plain, simple, and easy of decision, and which the 
meanest capacity could find no difficulty in deciding ; we perceive 
at once with what sovereign contempt the author must view a go- 
vernment like ours, in which the will of the people is the supreme 
law ; for the prejudice that would deny to the inhabitants of a coun- 
ty discernment enough to fix the scite of their court -house, must 
view as a monstrous absurdity, the idea of a great commonwealth, 
like the state of New-York, being capable of self-government, and 



9 

of framing laws and institutions for the protection of it,s varipu^ 
complicated and important interests. To such illiberal, contracted 
and unfounded opinions of the people, we may trace the usurpations 
of eveiy tyrant that ever robc upon the ruins of liberty ; for he who 
seriously entertains them can never be contented with the exercise 
at any power short of absolute despotism. Clothe such a man with 
power, and all liis efforts are necessarily directed to entrench him- 
self in the ramparts of tyranny, and to reduce his fellow-citizens to 
a degraded state of passive obedience and nan-resistance. Such, 
then, being Mr. Piatt's opinion of the majesty of thepeolilc^ it j« not 
strange that he should expect that " monstrous deity" to full down 
and worship him who is so pre-eminently blessed witli the gifts of 
geniuS) talents and wisdom. But whatever careless observers, and 
men wrapped up in their own importance may thii;k to the conti'a- 
ry, the people collectively is not quite so. silly a moastei" as to com- 
mit itself iato the guardian.ship of him who avowedly reviles and de- 
spises it. To such a m;in the " majesty ot the people" will indeed 
deservedly become a " stiimblhig block" over which, instead of step- 
ping to the executive chair, he will justly fall into the mire of po- 
litical insignificance, witJi the miserable consolation of owing his 
fall to his own vunity and self-sufficiency. But I must do Mr. Piatt 
the justice to say that he is consistent in error. The man who 
ridicules and reviles the " majesty of the people" is coir^istcnt 
with himself when he indulges his darling p:ission for monarchy, 
in eulogising the magnanimity of i-.n ignorant, bigotted and bru- 
tal King 1 We are not therefore surprised to had Mr. Plait, in the 
Senate, moving that honorable body to sanction by their votes the 
most unparalleled aljsurdity, to say the least of it, that was ever 
proposed in a deliberative assembly. He called upon the Senate, 
sir, to "acknowledge the magnanimity and honorable sense of jus- 
lylce which induced a prompt and spontaneous disavowal" of the 
outrage commitlcd upon the Chesapeake, "by the KING OF 
CREAT-BRITAIN." And pray, sir, where was the magnanim- 
ity of that disavowal, unconnected as it •\yas, and as it still is, and I 
fear, forever will be, with the smallest reparation or atonement for 
one of the most barbarous outrages tliat ever stained the annals of 
civilized man ! The magnanimity of that King did indeed induce 
him to declare that the act of the Admiral was unauthorised ; and 
to shew his " honouaiile sense of justice," and by way ol/uck- 
ishi?'.g thut abandoned wretch, he transferred him from a winter 

B 



10 

station on a rough coast, to a higher command, in a milder latitudes 
and a less dangerous position. The men killed in and captured 
from our ship were Americans, and the prisoners have not only not 
been restored, but one of them, a native of Pennsylvania, was hung 
in chains at Halifax ! 

" Alas ! nor wife, nor children more shall he behold, 
"Xor friends, nor sacred home I" 

For tliis unparalleled act of piracy and murder no honorable 
atoneincin has ever been offered ; and indeed -vve have some men 
among us who go so far as to say, that the British Admiral was 
right ! — The men (say they) had deserted from the British navy, 
and Berkley had therefore a right to seize them. The fact I be- 
lieve is false, and if it were not, the argument is unfounded. It is 
a base dereliction of evciy sentiment that becomes an American — 
for it givea to Great-Britain a right which she would notalloAv any 
foreign power to exercise within her own borders. " The genius 
of the British law (says Curran) makes liberty commensurate with 
and insepcrable from the British soil." It " proclaims even to the 
stranger and the sojourner, the moment he sets his foot on British 
earth, that the ground on which he treads is holy and consecrated 
by the genius of universal emancipation." " No matter with what 
solemnities he may have been devoted upon the altar of slavery ; 
the moment he touches the sacred soil of Britain, the altar and the 
God sink together in the dust." This, sir, is the proud boast of a 
British subjcci. — audit is undoubtedly the ancient spirit of the Brit- 
ish law, as it was before the corruptions of that triple-headed mon- 
ster, the monarchy, nobility and hierarchy, destroyed both the- 
spirit »nd the letter — and granting this, we may surely contend, that 
the soil of America, and the decks of our ships are ovu'soil as much 
as tlie earth we tread upon, and especially within our ovai waters ; 
we may surely, I say, contend, that the soil of America is as " sa- 
cred" and as " holy" as that of England, and that here also, not on- 
ly the native citizen, but " even the stranger and the sojourner" 
JU'e protected by the " genius of universal emancipation." Where, 
then, was the rigiit of Berkley to attack, kill and capture the crew 
of the Chesapeake ? And where is the magnanimity which Mv. 
Piatt Avished the Senate tD acknowledge ? Were the days of the 
revolution forgotten — had we lost all recollection of the savage 
proclamations of Burgoyne, and the still more savage deeds of blood 
ir:d iKipine which grew out of them — hfni tlie massacres of Wyom- 



sey prison-ship no longer a ptace in ^^ ^^^l^^ „„ the 

Z«r murdered countrymen ^v^-"^^^^^^^^^ ^,^^,._,^ .,^ ,„ 
plains of Abraham and » M°"™ ' ..^ ,„ , a^usand spots on the 
^f .he patriot, a»d -"« -^J^^^J .„ ,^, .,,„,<! ty the bones of 
.. .aered soil" of ^^^^^ „„„,„.u of the savage or the 
our fathers »ho &''''"; "',_when, .ir, I forget all these 
bayonet of the Br.ush --)■>»;''-; .„„ „„a sharUley, ^vho 

,^i„,^,vhen the ghosts olA.nd _^^ ^^_^^^^, ,^ ^^,^,^ „„,,, 

,vere murdered m the t-^^'re^ > ^j ^,.„„„ ,,„„„, and 

venged among us"-«hen that wanton pERflDIOUS 

Itle, that eold ^^f^^^t^O^^W^r, shall be 
i,ISAVOWALon.RSMNr. „,p,,vokedandun. 

atoned for-and v,hen *<=' «'"'■, ._^ ^^^ f„,„ „f our federal 

paralleled insult, so '■CP'='"'''7 3,„„ i,ave been wiped away 

Lecutive, by the mfamous U<:ks , ^^. ^^^^^ _^^^.^ ^^p. 

by honorable reparation -.Whn 1 ^^^ ^ _^^^^^ f„, „„ .hiet 

D-ned,sir, it is possible that l ma) ^^.^^^ 

^^tgis'trate, who e.tols ^^::i:^l Lvf of God, tl. 
Britain, the author o so ™;^^'™ ,^,.;,„, happiness of mankind 
liberties of this ^-^^^^Z.^.^ - a ty,.« in our dcclara- 
_„f .ha. Kmg f^'";2l''2sc " tyrannieal and oppressive usur- 
tion of independenee, and hose y ^^^^ _^_^ ^,^^ p^,.^^,^ 

pations" were written m charaete.s 

of our state constitution. political principles, or 

so far, then, - \f ^ ;" ^lun' 1 to'oppo- '-'-'-''r 
T>ublic conduct of Mr. Piatt, 1 ^„^ .j,ened when I reflect 

Ind my feelings on this occasion a e s. g ,_^ 

by whom and in ^^^^J'^^^:,, .hat AnKMi.M V.. 
to Mr. Tompkms. Itwi" ''^ ' administration first kindled 

Vbchte., the man who under Ja^ . ', "^.ate, by procuring the 
the flames of political P-ectU-n n t^u^ stat^ -^ ^>^P^^ ^^^^ ^,^^.,,. 
removal of almost every revolutiona, y « g ^^ ^,^^^ ^^ 

.„an.otthemeetingthatfirstnomniaem,.Pl^._^ ^^^^ .^ ^^_^^.^^ 

now occupies Mgh g-;~ ^^^^ the friends and elevating 
deeply at his old game of putting ,^^ ^ ^^^_^^^t 

the enemies of liberty, it may no* l'"™;'^; .bird resolution eon- 
the resolutions of that "-™S;,;™ \ ,:;,! be sufficient for our 
tains the pith and marrow of the ,*nole, l. v n 
piiiTOSc. It is as follows: 



>vuii all due deference to so e-reit nr,,] i. , 
Mr. Van Vechten, I ask mv ^1^ '""' ■'' '='"'™""- =s 

of then, tovc felt he'ri Zk """"^ '"''= ^'-"W^d, if any 

I pa„sc for a reply. 1''^ 1 .?"',";"' """ ""' '■"°'""°"' 
--, if jrievan'cLof '::?.. "»7"^'"^='^°f«''"- 

failed ,0 have visited the l.euds o, ' ' ' ""'' '=""" '»' '«- 
reach of my voice I a-1- ™ f , *'■ " ""'" "°"' ""«" "« 

«i«i C..e rrJedom of l:!:^ 1 ^ :r:,;''"! '™ ^"^ <=- 
or has the free exercise of your reliZ 'Z- T '"^=" P™f»<=''- 
Hasthe freComof speech, or the libCf;, pi:! '"" '''""''' ' 
Have you bee,, borne down by the weiMu o'^pf """'"="• 
the constitution been violated; or your  1." M ' ? """■'• "'^ 

tnstance,byyo„rrep„hlicanr;,lers^Ahc;; "r ""'"^'"' 
svvcr, that you have no t-rir.v.,,.- . ' >°" ™"" •'W' 

.is-ushav/bee„;,;.e'^p ;";" ° r'"""" "'' ^'"' "'^' >- 
any meaning, it m„st be fh. -th. he l:;;::'"'"" f'Tf""' ""' 
agsrieved by the v.antof an o.lice • ,Hs s t^ , '"' """ '»"« 
ing. and I believe .he santc g-ievLne ^ d .C^rr' »-"- 
l.-vny „,,on the head of the chairman, that b : h L °Jl^ ""?" 
of the resolut on beo-an re-.U.r f^ • ^"^ author 

slavery 1 The charaet-e o fstTJl:;:; '""""' '" ^ '»=' "^ 
of these gentle„,e„_a„d the onl ^ 'tot;:; ■" ^'^ '" "" "'■^^" 
themselves ,0 office bv mean., of Mr PI ',^ ' ' '" '" '■''^'•^"■'° 

resolutions are rarely im^m.,!,]! , k "°"- ■*"' ''"■''» 
for these gcn.lemcnlnft: .':;:"■' i"''.'"""' '» ""» — 
they waited for the election fM-p:, ! n "' "T "'""" ""^' "' 
-ighty grievances, that the daTof ei c ' r"' '''™' .''™ '"«'■ 
=.Tive : And how it happened is n„, f '"■" "■'™" ™'8'" "ever 
the initiated unravel the m ,1 7 "'" '" ''"' ■'"'■ "" "'^ '«" 
on a successful expec i,, ;t ' I T"" " "' "^^' "«>• '"' "P- 
ft-ly beyond the ken of 'l e - ," ™ 'T:""' "" "°"^'' =«^ -" 
happy contrivance, thev go, nos e ^' ""[' ^>" ""=»"= <>f this very 
"ent, .h,at fountaitiof hono?." tv:?;.' "^ ■=»"-'' °' Woint- 
>n,ong the first to drown his 'niev^nrel h ^^"'T' -^hafman was 

ofBre-and the w.iter of the rlh", ""'"'';'"^ '"■''''''« '"'■ 

'■-e tt.oliMon has s,.„ce been admitted to 



take a sweet and consoline-draiio-hf o • 

removed, and the cha J !,! f ^ 'r"'™™"' "' "'-'f-e 

that .0 .,,0  honoi,e'K:::"f;; ^ir^::-'' -" "«-.,,. 

so long and so scely oppressed, owe the dl!™/?? ?"'™^' 
vu„ccs_a„d that ,„ ln„, ,„e «ate, so Ion. d^ra^ n T'' '^™- 
knee of .-epnblieanism, is ,o be grateful fol ''""= P^""" 

ch^-acter ! O happy ! Un-iee ha^ ,a 1 f^" ""'°™™' °f "^ 
and disimeicsted patriots a„,l 1- ™"- '" Possess sucl. pure 
deemer!- '° ""maeulate and glorious a re- 

PeLLO !!■'- C'iriZE .V ? 

can look forward without anxietv- fir ,1,* " ' '"" '* »''"' 

tain the charaeter o,f an A.ed en tiU^:: "T' '' ""' """' '" ^- 

<bsmiss yonr republican ehief n^ag^.X "I • " ''"'' "P°" '" 

welfare of the state demands the rifil /™ "'" ""^ '"»' '"e 

; ou, before jou eonsent to imn . , ''""'"-''"' Pa"se, I beseeeh 

••ant up.n the altar of "o "y ^ T ""' ''"""''" ^"'"'^ -- 

flattery, syeophancy and Irebood- but rn^^b^" '[ "'7 ^'^ "' 

serpent of Eden pourtinved tr. .^ 7 '^"'^"^'^^•' that the wily 

p.os,>ect of bliss ut^i: :i . :,:;t:;/ ™"''"' '^^ "'--' 

'■eguiling her unwary sfeps into * patt „f ™"'^"'."'-" '- was 
spair : And thus has every imno tl f "' ""'"^ ""' '^''- 

areh-'deeeiver, down ,„ th p eTeno ' 'P"'"="« "^ "«= 

<l=s.roy,ccnceaIi„g unde ,L' , ^o a"^";" n '"T'*'^ ""'"■"" '» 
«t purposes of pKde, anr4 o^ „1 . ' '^f °'"'^"^^'- 
tiiehberties of your coun-r- -„ "''^''Se. If you would save 
a»d turn a deaf e n-"o ail wh'^' if "^^ '" >"""■ ''^P"''""" creed, 
•".c --a.c cry of l^CH^^:^^^^-t'r''^y^-^^'^- 
ears, and you will be called mo t '" '""« '" J"""' 

tl.oman who extols -miT^VllT '" P"^'''^^ ''>' "'^"'"S 
-^ Where .his Gallic !^I "^^^TT'"' "'™ 
some phantom of their o™ creation „,^ P°'"' >'°" '•° 

-;-nce. B„t„otsowithrRmy;M;LurNcrt'°'b'^^ 

long witnessed, and have in vn.'n i ^^ ^^ £^iNCE. You have 

destroying Angel of ou n ! "'' ''' "^'^ ^^'"^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

e-bargorwhiLelnir::t"r^^^ ^"-^^^<^ 

and salutary nieasure ^d n f "°" ^'^^^^^'^ ^^'^« ^ ^^^ 

the convulsive e^rt 'of tL I' '', '^^ '^"^ ^^"^^""^^' ^ -- 
ettoitsofthishydra-headed monster, in the vibra-^ 



.. •« ^'.cfrir-i"* In the \ iolaiion of the ] 

,„s, the dist.act.on of ot^r pttbhc co m ^^^ ^^_^^^^ 

„„i.tionofo«.;nat>o„alcha™^ r b«^: °^^^^, ^^^^^^^ 

p.oof of the »'^;;-y^XMs "ttwhichhe shows conclurively 

read the letters of '^^^^".^^^.^^ ,,„se from the insidious, 
that the Ftnctpal evtls of hts atam^t ^^ ^^^_^_j .^ 

darkandsecvetexerctseot^^nfl^^^^^^^ . 

tr X; Lt::r r^^^esident B.ash .i^ister at PhUa. ^ 

"firwct":tr,insin..ationsandi.«u,^^^^^^^^^^^ ; 

..GREAT-BRITAIN^ A.td ^ ^^,;^^j^ „™, „o,cvef, h.s 

. gcted to trte, m -^ ™'';''^„„,,„„ „„ that head. I aHays 
. readiness to etttcr >" «> ^ Je t as 1 could. But nty system was ; 

:;rii:ta:rh:i:e:nrLnto,.etha„twentyyeat.s,^ 

^rnterintonoamancewithany^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ 

In this passage we M' *»' ~;j^^^ „„, „,„ed, were endca- 

^htister, b« -- ;*- ^Xt Ip „„„„ an alliance with Great- 
ring to tnstt, . * P^s. ^^^^^P^^^ .__ ^^^^ _^^^^ ^^ 

^ring oahe rlation of Mr. Murray, as minister to Ft.nee, 

^'^nTtrtaUing the -.nation on tny^ownau*^^^^^^^^^ 
.that the heads of ^^f'™-;i;^";VcTION would excite a 
" *°''«' ' T;r»;°e of thi"« Representatives, and 
r^r^fXpa— tlidtnaueuoexet-tionstodiscountenance 

. U, if they did not secretly or openly »"™Se > . ^ p,.^^._ ^ 

Here we have the highest evtdence-th„ as eu o ^ 

dent of the United Sta«s, '^^"^^^'^^^^ "fTBritish ! 
fect-that our country is exposed to the msKhous .^ .,^ 

S^tion. Ves, feHow.ct.i.ens t ere .3 a BR T SH ^^ ^^_^^^^^^^ ^ 

the heart of your counUT- "^ '='°'°'°.^„„e,. the honor and . 

vou cannot be at a loss to discover it-fot >:«"=' i. : 

, • .„fll,.;Min are opposed to American g.oiy ana p p ; 

::;r:si ::=e n^Lnents ;;^-^::frc:!^ i 

>- and uphold the ^^^^ ^rfinX— >> over the arts I 

But let US hope, however, tn«t\\e^'^^'- . / ; 



15 

of our enemies, whether foreign or domestic— and to ensure a re- 
suit so desirable to all real Americans, I cannot but express one- 
more the ardent wish I feel, that this meeting, and that our renub- 
hcan lellow-citizens throughout the state, may be animated by no 
common zealm support of the re-election of DANIEL D. TOMP- 
KINS, who is not only a whig and a republican, but a genuine fed' 
erahstof the Washington school— who regards the Union of tlie 
states as the sheet-anchor of the patriot's hope for the future gloiT 
of his country, and state jealousy and foreign influence as twin- 
monsters, combined to destroy the vital energies of our body politic 
—and m the prostration of American freedom and independence to 
blast the hopes of millions who have turned their wishfUl eves to 
this higiily favored land— this Ararat, that amid the u-^iversai 
wreck of Empires, presents an unshaken base to the stormy deluge 
and offers its proud summit as the only resting place to the ark of 
ireedom. 

After which the folbwing resolutions u'ere unanimously adopted - 
Revived, That it is the great privilege and prerogative of free- 
men, m tlie exercise of their elective franchise, to pronounce on 
the public acts and the political characters of the men whom the 
people have entrusted with the powers of government ; and to ir- 
vestigate freely and openly the opinions, principles and qualifica. 
tions of those who aspire to offices of trust and confidence. 

Resolved, That the unparalleled aggressions upon our national 
rights, committed by the European belligerents, authorise a system 
of retaliation on the part of our governraem; calculated, not only 
to chasuse the unprint:ipled tyrants, but furnish evidence to the 
world, that Americans will never deserve the contempt that would 
flow from a servile submission, either to usurped power, or an open 
attack upon their national independence. 

Resolved, That the faUe pretence, ^^^ up by the belligerents 
that their orders aiid decrees have their oiigin in a system of self' 
defence and retaliation, fixes upon the authors a degree of infamy 
that has no parallel, except in a policy of unrestrained plunder. 

Resolved, That we cordially approve the dignified conduct of the 
President of the Umted States, in refu^ngto receive any further 
communications from his Britannic majesty's minister, Mr Jack- 
son, after he had offered a flagrant insult to the government and to 
the nation-an insult which perhaps no other independent power 
^Nt^uld h<<ve treated with such moderation and forbearance. And 



^-e re^. ret that there should be any of our countrymen so bhnd a.d 
Tf-ruucd as not to see and to feel the u.dignity until it was pou. ed 
TuftotSem by tho editors of ne.v.-papers in Great-Bntain, who, 
on this occasion, have shewn n.orc d.scernn.ent than thou- part. 

zans on this side the atlantic. .nrl nIPisnre 

Resolved, That we view with a mixture of pnde and pleasuie, 

tbe constellation of public and private ;--^- ^t^TthLsUte 
brighten the character of the present chief iTiagistrate of this state 
by the mildness of his manners, the purity of his morals, the ben - 
vol nee of his heart,and the rectitude of his conduct-By the lus e 
o? his talents, the soundness of his principles, and the ardor of his 
p. tdo^S- V his sacred regard for the liberty of his country-by 
h hnnutachment to the union of the states-by his zealous sup- 
p n of the national government, and by his unceasmg exertions to 
^;omote the welfareof the state, he has deservedly .--^~ 
Lithe affections of the people, and he is eminently enut.ed to 

^^t:;:;:: T^i^^^isapproveof the conduct of .o^ias Pl^ the 
person selected by the federalists as a candidate for the office of 
ro;.:nor,in mahing a proposition to the Senate of this sta^ t ap^ 
^laud the " magnanimity and honorable sense of justice of the Bnt^sh 
I W' for dilonoin, the bloody attack made by one of his ships of 
.var on the American frigate Chesapeake ; and for offerin^rcf.ara- 
tion on such terms as could not be accepted without disgrace ; at 
he same time that one of our seamen, forcibly taken from the .ri- 
^,te, was hung, aiul the British commander pvomoted-Ana^Ju. 
pvoposition, so unbecoming the spirit of an American, to appiaud 
lie British king, was made at a period when that king by lus^y, 
was committing depredations on our commerce, and bv his imn.s- 
ter, reviling our government. 

Resolved, That we consider the political opinions of the said Jo- 
nas Plan, contained in his politicrd pamphlet, opposed to the iuu- 
damenlal principles of our republican institutions, derogatory to 
the r-s-hts of representative governm<int, and insulting to the good 
peop'le of this state.-The following are Mr. Piatt's own woi^s^as 
pubUshedby himself-" The majesty of the people, says he is 
I monstroul deity 1 Its properties are wonderful and mexpncabl. 
It has a thousand heads, and as many tongues. These heads aie 
U actuated by different wills, and these tongues all ^^^^^ 
hnguages-, and yet these are not a thous..nd wills, but on. vil- 



17 

nor a thousand languages, but one clear and distinct voice— its parts 
are infinitely divisible, and yet each part is equal to the whole •,for 
ivhere two or three are met together for factious purlwses, even there 
is the majesty of the people in the midct oj them — To a man of com- 
mon sense and honesty it is a stumbling block: To a man without 
ambition it is foolishness : But the man who does not firmly be- 
lieve and clearly comprehend all this, has never been initiated into 
the sublime mysteries of democracy.— I'or my own part I take oc- 
casion here to declare, that I hold no opinion more firmly than this, 
that no instructions are binding upon a man in his legislative cha- 
racter, and by this maxim my political conduct will be governed — 
as a free agent on your behalf, within the limits of the constitiuion, 
I may occasionally be willing to be employed, but the office of your 
servant I will never submit to." — Such is the avowed polital creed 
of Jonas Piatt. 

Resolved, That the man who extols the magnanimity of any for- 
eign prince or potentate, habitually violatingour rights and destroy- 
ing our propeii;y — who at the same time condemns the conduct of 
the constituted authorities of his own country and government — 
who pronounces a deliberate satire on tire majesty of the people, 
from whom, in a free government, all power emanates — who ridi- 
cules that sovereignty on whose voice he depends for his elevation 
— who denies that the people delegate power when they elect to 
office — who refuses to be governed by the will of the people in ex- 
ecuting the duties of their representative — who will not submit, in 
a public capacity, to be the servant of the people — and who, in using 
a scripture form of expression, ironically substitutes the name of 
the majesty of the people for that of the most high God I — That 
man is utterly unworthy to be the governorof a great state ; and un- 
fit to be the ruler of a free and independent people, who understand 
their own rights and know how to exercise them. 

Resolved, therefore., That we will support 

DANIEL D. TOMPKINS 

Cor the office of Governor, and 

JOHN BROOME 

for the office of Lieutenant-Governor, at the ensuing election. 

Resolved unanimously. That the thanks of this meeting be pre- 
sented to Solomon Southwick, Esq. for his patriotic address, and 
that he be requested to furnish a copy for publication. 



19 

A commitlec "sras then appointed to nominate a suitable person 
as a candidate to be supported by the Republicans for iMember of 
Assembly, who returned and reported to the meeting the name of 
Solomon- Southwick. 

Thereupon, Resolved uuanimoushi^ That 

SOLOMON SOUTHWICK 

be reported to the county Convention as a candidate in whose sup- 
port the Republicans of Albany and Colonie will unite with vigor 

raid cordiality. 

Resolved unanimously, That Ilenr)' Quackenbush, Ebenezcr 
Footc, Benjamin Knowcr, John Stafford, Elisha Dorr, Isaac Den- 
iston, Daniel Rodman, Henry Shaw, Samuel North, John Biyan, 
and Isaiah Townisend, together with the chairman and secretar)-, be 
a committee of correspondence, and that they have power to select 
and appoint delegates to attend the county meeting, at the house of 
William Christie, in Bethlehem, on Saturday the rth of April next, 

at 12 o'clock. 

Benjamin De Witt 
John Heermans 



John Tayler 
John Bryan 
Cornelius Van Schelluyne 
John Stilwell 
Willard AValkcr 
Charles P. Christian 
Thomas Dawson 
Lawrence Morgan 
Jacob Landing 
Thomas Nev.iand 
Patrick Matthews 
I^Jatthew Burton 
Daniel Morrell 
Sam.uel Bates 
Samuel North 

Thomas RawleigU 

Robert Ellison, 

Asahel Hall 

John Gordon 

Barent Smith 

Richard Hilton 

William D'Ermct 

Philip Waggoner 

Daniel Ward 

Jobiah Kerr 

Samuel Edgar 

Isaac Van BusV;irk 

Isaac Sturges 



David Dick 
Nicholas Radley 
Darby Noon 
Joseph S. Gould 
Frederick D. Wallace 
Benjamin Hansen, jun. 
Isaac Hansen 
John Hansen 
Patrick M'Koy 
P.ichark Hicks 
Noadiah Potter 
Gawin Patterson 
Hamilton Patterson 
Jonathan Morrell 
Jacob Best 

Cornelius Van Huisen 
Hugh Begley 
Andrev/ Rodgers 

Robert Cameron 

Isaac Denniston 

Francis Bloodgood 

Henry Donnely 

Beniarain Van Benthuysen 

James P. Van Benthuysen 

Edward M'Faden 

John Turner 



.Tonics Crow 
Hu5^h Harrison 
William Myndersc 
Patrick Code 
Andrew M'jVIuUen 
Cornelius Truax 
James Anderson 
Elisha Crane 
William Carlisle 
John Sickles 
Richard C. Skinner 
James Seely 
Charles Hill 
James O'Bryan 
Garret Leyster 
Patrick Bannin 
Noah Clark 
Maltby Howell 
Simeon V. Bradt 
William Randal 
Samuel Knower 
John Lyons 
George Stanwix 
Merrit Tuttle 
William W. Crannel 
Matthew-C runnel 
James Hart 
Peter Brooks 
John W. Bany 
James Radlcy 
Walter Weed 
Richard Dusenbuiy 
George Weed 
Harmanus Hindcrcr 
Samuel Norton 
Moses Allen 
Thomas Oliver 
Richard Hoy 
IVIarmadukc Hoy 
Abiel D. Holkins, 
Dennis Laney 
Robert Packard 
Elisha Jenkins 
Benjamin D. Packard 
George Forbes 
James Mott 
Amos Halker 
John D. Grocsbceck 
John M'Cue 



20 

Calvin Walker 

John Mills 

Christian Pvliller 

Isaac Lucas 

Nicholas Browcr 

Lindal Briggs 

Derick Hunn 

Joseph Jewell 

John L. Clark 

Lewis Clark 

Dyer Newton 

John F. Doty 

William Fowler 

Benjamin Knower 

Solomon Allen, jun. 

Andrew Donnely 

Ebenezer Catlin 

Lawrence Tierney 

Jacob Eaton, 

Peter H. Hilton 

John Eaton 

Isaac Packard 

Edward Morc-an 

Anthony M'Murdy, jun, 
Hugh Harrison 

George Carlisle 

George Demick 

Jason Rudes 

Richard Duncan 

Jesse Potts 
George Guest 
Alexander Vedder 
John Evertsen 
Anthony M'Murdy 
Spencer Stafford 
William Hagerty 
John TowTisend 
James Thorn 
Anthony Lamb 
Christopher Oley, jun. 
David Malcom 
Isaac PL Tiffany 
Horatio Merchant 
John Champlin 
Aaron Clark 
Jacob D. Grocsbceck 
Alexander Cochran 
Benjamin Wallace 
Nicholas Jcrolanun 



21 



William Collins 
John Van Ness 
Levi Steele 
James Martin 
Hezckiah Rickhow 
Joseph Nelliger 
Benjamin Hansen 
Archibald M'Clallen 
John I. Wendell 
Peter Van Tassel 
John Lush 
Abraham B. Hall 
Zebediah Allen 
Israel Tufl's 
George Knower 
Justus Van Huiscn 
Richard Waring 
Thomas Campbell 
John Shaw 
Henry Quackenboss 
Henry R- Lansing 
Richard Lush 
Robert Hurst 
Robert Hurst, jun. 
Thomas S. Donnely 
Horace Lockwood 
M. D. Mann 
George Charles 
John Nelliger 
Robert Lov.'ther 
John Dodge 
Daniel M^Bride 
James Vv^ynkoop 
John T. Witbeck 
Timothy IMiUs 
Henry Q. Bradt 
Peter Box 
Elisha Dorr 
Peter P. Dok 
James Gourlay 
John A. Leinsing 
Volkert D. Hilton 
John Baldwin 
George B. Spencer 
Timothy Donovan 
Robert Dunbar 
Joshua Babcock 
John L Wilson 
Teunis Visscher 



George Randall 
Lyman Stanford 
Jared Lockwood 
John Brooks 
Jacobus Vredenburgh 
John Hun 
Thomas Hun 
John Stafford 
Andrew Anderson 
John Hewson 
WilliaiTi Giles 
John W. Fryer 
Henry Radley 
Thomas Hewson 
John Hilton 
■Peter Donnelly 
Rynier Vandenbergh. 
Benjamin Olm stead 
David Lumsden 
Jacob Hutchins 
Abraham Benson 
David Bromlee 
Peter Donnelly, jun. 
George W. Stanton 
Henry Ennals 
Henry Cakes 
Jacob Vosburgh 
John Vernor, jun- 
Henry Shaw 
Samuel Harbeck 
Augustus Harbeck 
Daniel Sickels 
Jeremiah Johnson 
Derick Deforest 
George Landou 
John Cooper 
Norman Ward 
Peter Drake 
James Cornelia 
Allen Brown 
Beriah Palmer, jun. 
George Milton 
Nicholas Jeroliraan, jun. 
Elias Davis 
Abraham Yates 
Lemuel Price 
John Gowey 
Jonathan Brooks, jun. 
Anthony Brooks 



22 



James Sickels 
John Sinionds 
Henry Guest, jun. 
Henry Suydam 
Ezra Bugbie 
Abraham Brooks 
James Collins 
Francis Cosdgan 
Thomas Whallon 
Smith Cogswell 
John R. Tillman 
David Williams 
William Williams 
Chauncey Humphrey 
William M. Diamond 
Peter Murphy 
William Radley 
John N. Quackenbush 
James Cameron 
Abm. Pcttinger 
Nicholas Hilton 
Sybrant Kittle 
Abraham Quackenbush 
David Lynch 
Thomas Doyle 
John Kierney 
Hugh Flinn 
Francis M'Cabe 
William Skinner 
William James 
Caleb Russel 
Peter AUanson 
Salem Dutcher 
Corns. Dunn 
Sebastian Visscher 
William I. Hilton 
James Blake 
James Hilton 
Henry Bradt 
James Bradt 
Timothy W. Skinner 
Jonah Sherman 
Derick Van Schelluyne 
Derick Van Schaick 
Phineas Brown 
John Van Bergen 
David Van Bereen 
James M'Murry 
Samuel M'^Iurry 



Thomas Newland 
Robert Schoon 
William Schoon 
James M'lLlroy 
Isaac Hempstead 
Isaiah Townscnd 
John Mahur 
William Duffie 
George M'Lean 
John Vandcrvoort 
William D. Carroll 
James Mahar 
William Campbell 
Zackariah Sickels 
Garret Plum 
Patrick Hector 
Alexander M'Evitt 
James Bell 
Dennis Doyle 
Thomas M'Daniel 
William Maxwell 
William Longstair 
Philip Farrell 
Patrick Welsh 
John M'Nally 
Patrick Cassidy 
George Barney 
Garret R. Van Zandt 
Dan Aldrich 
Joseph R. Van Zandt 
John Brown 
Hessel Brower 
Jacob Bogart 
Patrick Glenn 
John Eps 
William Eps 
John Hinkley 
Edmond Hatfield 
Stephen Gay 
Samuel Carr 
Thomas Lenningtou 
John Vernor 
Matthew Tappen 
Stephen Lockwood 
Seth Hayden 
Ezra Brush 
Jonathan Warner, jun. 
Henry B. Cobb 
Jame.s Greer 



23 1 

Joseph Thayer Peter G. Rjckman 5 

John Rickhov.- Gcorf^e Newton i 

James M'lMullen John Johnson \ 

Buckridge ^^ ebb John A. Brudt ; 
Willidm Webb , Isaac Bradl 

Obadidh Cooper Richard Griffin .] 

William Field John Sipp' ■, : 

George Merchant, Chairman. i 



diaries D. Cooper.^ Secretary, 



v^ ^" 






-^^ .* to IJ* 




,,n ^^«