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Report of the u. s. national museum, 1927 














United States National Museum, 
Under Direction of the Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, D. C, Octoher 15, 1927. 
Sir : I have the honor to submit herewith a report upon the present 
condition of the United States National Museum and upon the work 
accomplished in its various departments during the fiscal year ended 
June 30, 1927. 

Very respectfully, 

Alexander Wetmore, 

Assistant Secretary. 
Dr. Charles G. Abbot, 

Acting Secretary, Smithsonian Institution. 




staff of the Museum vii 

Foreword 3 

Operations of the year 5 

Appropriations 5 

Collections 7 

Explorations and field work 9 

National Sesquicentennial Exposition, Philadelphia 15 

Special exhibition for the Smithsonian Institution 16 

Educational work 17 

Visitors 24 

Publications 26 

Library 27 

Photographic laboratory 30 

Buildings and equipment 30 

Meetings and receptions 32 

Changes in organization and staff 38 

Detailed reports on the collections 41 

Department of anthropology, by Walter Hough, head curator 41 

Department of biology, by Leonhard Stejneger, head curator 51 

Department of geology, by George P. Merrill, head curator 85 

Department of arts and industries, and division of history, by 

William deC. Ravenel, director of arts and industries 99 

List of accessions 133 

List of publications issued by the United States National Museum 189 

List of papers based wholly or in part on the national collections 195 




[June 30, 1927] 

Charles G. Abbot, Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, keeper ex 

Alexander Wetmore, Assistant Secretary, Smithsonian Institution, in charge 

United States National Museum. 
William deC Ra%'enel, Administrative Assistant to the Secretary. 



"Walter Hough, head curator. 
Division of Ethnology: Walter Hough, curator; H. W. Krieger, curator; 
H. B. Collins, jr., assistant curator ; J. W. Fewkes, collaborator ; Arthxir 
P. Rice, collaborator ; Isobel H. Lenman, collaborator. 
Section of Musical Instruments : Hugo Worch, custodian. 
Division of American Archeology: Neil M. Judd, curator ; R. G. Paine, aid. 
Division of Old World Arclieology: I. M. Casanowicz, assistant curator. 
Division of Physical Anthropology: Ales Hrdlicka, curator ; Thomas D. 

Stewart, aid. 
Collaborator in anthropology: George Grant MacCurdy. 
Associate in historic archeology : Cyrus Adler. 
Departmettt of Biology : 

Leonhard Stejneger, head curator; James B. Benedict, assistant 
Division of Mammals: Gerrit S. Miller, jr., curator; A. Brazier Howell, 

Division of Birds: Robert Ridgway, curator; Charles W. Richmond, asso- 
ciate curator ; J. H. Riley, aid ; Bradshaw H. Swales, honorary assistant 
curator ; Alexander Wetmore, custodian of alcoholic and skeleton col- 
lections; Edward J. Brown, collaborator; Casey A. Wood, collaborator. 
Division of Reptiles and Batrachians: Leonhard Stejneger, curator ; Doris 

M. Cochran, assistant curator. 
Division of Fishes: Barton A. Bean, assistant curator ; E. D. Reid, aid. 
Division of Insects: L. O. Howard, honorary curator; J. M. Aldrich, asso- 
ciate curator; William Schaus, honorary assistant curator; B. Preston 
Clark, collaborator. 

Section of Hyraenoptera : S. A. Rohwer, custodian ; W. M. Mann, 

assistant custodian. 
Section of Myriapotla : O. F. Cook, custodian. 
Section of Diptera : J. M. Aldrich, in charge ; Charles T. Greene, 

assistant cu.stodian. 
Section of Coleoptora : E. A. Scluvarz, custodian ; L. L. Buchanan, 

specialist for Casey collection of coleoptera. 
Section of Lepidoptern : Harrison G. Dyar, custodian. 
Section of Ortlioptera : A. N. Caudell, custodian. 
Section of Hemiptora : W. L. McAtce, acting custodian. 
Section of forest tree beetles : A. D. Hopkins, custodian. 



Depaetment of Biology — Continued. 

Division of Marine Invertebrates: Waldo L. Schmitt, curator ; C. R. Shoe- 
maker, assistant curator; James O. Maloney, aid; H. K. Harring, cus- 
todian of the rotatoria ; Mrs. Harriet Richardson Searle, collaborator ; 
Max M. Ellis, collaborator; William H. Longley, collaborator; Maynard 
M. Metcalf, collaborator. 
Division of MoUusks: Paul Bartsch, curator; William B. Marshall, assist- 
ant curator ; Mary Breen, collaborator. 

Section of Helminthological Collections : C. W. Stiles, custodian ; M. C. 
Hall, assistant custodian. 
Divisimi of Echinoderms: Austin H. Clark, curator. 

Division of Plants {National Herharium) : Frederick V. Coville, honorary 
curator ; W. R. Maxon, associate curator ; J. N. Rose, associate curator ; 
P. C. Standley, associate curator; Emery C. Leonard, aid; Ellsworth P. 
Killip, aid ; H. H. Bartlett, collaborator ; Albert C. Smith, collaborator. 
Section of Grasses : Albert S. Hitchcock, custodian. 
Section of Cryptogamic Collections: O. F. Cook, assistant curator. 
Section of Higher Algae: W. T. Swingle, custodian. 
Section of Lower Fungi : D. G. Fairchild, custodian. 
Section of Diatoms: Albert Mann, custodian. 
Associates in Zoology: C. Hart Merriam, W. L. Abbott, Mary J. Rathbun, 

David Starr Jordan. 
Associate Curator in Zoology : Hugh M. Smith. 
Associate in Botany : John Donnell Smith. 
Associate in Marine Sediments : T. Wayland Vaughan. 
Collaborator in Zoology: Robert Sterling Clark. 
Department of Gix>logy: 

George P. Merrill, head curator; Margaret W. Moodey, aid. 
Division of Physical and Chemical Geology (systematic and applied) : 

George P. Merrill, curator ; E. V. Shannon, assistant curator. 
Division of Mineralogy and Petrology: F. W. Clarke, honorary curator ; 
W. F. Foshag, assistant curator ; Frank L. Hess, custodian of rare metals 
and rare earths. 
Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology: R. S. Bassler, curator; Charles E. 
Resser, associate curator ; Jessie G. Beach, aid ; Joseph A. Cushman, 

Section of Invertebrate Paleontology: T. W. Stanton, custodian of 

Mesozoic collection ; Paul Bartsch, curator of Cenozoic collection. 
Section of Paleobotany: David White, associate curator; Erwin R. 
Pohl, aid. 
Division of Vertebrate Paleontology: Charles W. Gilmore, curator ; James 

W. Gidley, assistant curator of mammalian fossils. 
Associates in Paleontology: Frank Springer, E. O. TJlrich. 
Associate in Petrology: Whitman Cross. 
Department of Arts and Industries, and Division of History : 
William deC. Ravenel, director. 
Divisions of Mineral and Mechanical Technology: Carl W. Mitman, curator ; 
Paul E. Garber, assistant curator ; F. A. Taylor, aid : Chester G. Gilbert, 
honorary curator of mineral technology. 
Division of Textiles: Frederick L. Lewton, curator ; Mrs. E. W. Rosson, aid. 
Section of Wood Technology: William N. Watkins, assistant curator. 
Section of Organic Chemistry: Aida M. Doyle, aid. 


Depabtment of Arts and Industeies, and Division of Histoey — Continued. 
Divisimi of Medicine: Charles Whitebrcad, assistant curator. 
Division of Oraphic Arts: R. P, Tolmau, assistant curator. 

Section of Pliotography : A. J. Olmsted, custodian. 
Loel) Collection of Chemical Types: O. E. Roberts, jr., curator. 
Division of History: T. T. Belote, curator; Charles Carey, assistant curator; 
Mrs, C. L. Manning, philatelist. 


Chief of correspondence and documents, H. S. Bryant. 
Superintendent of buildings and labor, J. S. Goldsmith. 
Editor, Marcus Benjamin. 
Engineer, C. R. Denmark. 
Disbursing agent, N. W. Dorsey. 
Photographer, A. J. Olmsted, 
Property clerk, W. A. Knowles. 
Assistant librarian, Isabel L. Towner. 


By Alexander Wetmore 
Assistant Secretary, Smithsonian Institution 

By the death of Charles Doolittle Walcott, Secretary of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, on February 9, 1927, the United States National 
Museum, of which he was the keeper by virtue of his higher office, 
has suffered a severe loss. 

For 45 years Doctor Walcott was intimately associated with the 
work of the Museum. In 1882, while in the service of the United 
States Geological Survey, Doctor Walcott was appointed honorary 
assistant curator in the department of fossil invertebrates of the 
Museum having special charge of the Paleozoic fossils, and the next 
year he was made honorary curator of these collections, a position 
which he held until 1895, when all the paleontological collections 
of the Museum were centralized under his general administration as 
honorary curator. 

When the Museum lost the leadership of the late G. Brown Goode, 
Doctor Walcott, in addition to his arduous duties as director of the 
Geological Survey, provisionally put at the service of the Smith- 
sonian Institution his recognized scientific and executive qualifica- 
tions, serving as acting assistant secretary of the Smithsonian in 
charge of the National Museum from January 27, 1897, to June 30, 
1898, when a permanent successor to Doctor Goode was selected. 
During Doctor Walcott's administration the Museum was reorgan- 
ized under three departments with a head curator in charge of each. 
In this reorganization the department of paleontology became the 
division of stratigraphic paleontology in the department of geology, 
and Doctor Walcott continued in charge as honorary curator until 
the division was divided in 1908. 

In 1904 the Museum instituted a new department of mineral tech- 
nology, under the curatorship of Doctor Walcott, to care for vast 
collections illustrative of the mineral resources of the United States 
received from the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, in 



the selection of which Doctor Walcott, as director of the United 
States Geological Survey, had been instrumental. Doctor Walcott 
continued oversight of this department until 1913, when the Museum 
was able to employ a curator to devote full time to the subject. 

On January 23, 1907, Doctor Walcott was elected Secretary of the 
Smithsonian Institution, and, by virtue of that position, became 
keeper of the National Museum. During the 20 years which have 
since elapsed Doctor Walcott has directed investigations in various 
parts of the world and personally studied large areas in the Rocky 
Mountains, particularly in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada, 
the vast resulting collections — the bases of his original researches — 
having materially enriched the National collections. 

The work of the late secretary and his achievements will be re- 
corded in another place and at another time. In this connection I 
only wish to express my sense of personal loss and my deep appre- 
ciation of the confidence he bestowed in committing to me the 
administration of the National Museum. 


The Congress of the United States in the act of August 10, 1846, 
founding the Smithsonian Institution, recognized that an oppor- 
tunity was aflPorded, in carrying out the design of Smithson for the 
increase and diffusion of knowledge, to provide for the custody of 
the Museum of the Nation. To this new establishment was, there- 
fore, intrusted the care and development of the national collections. 
At first the cost of maintaining this activity was paid from the 
Smithsonian income ; then for a time the Government bore a share ; 
but since 1877 Congress has provided for the expenses of the 

The museum idea was fundamental in the organic act establishing 
the Smithsonian Institution, which was based upon a 12 years' 
discussion in Congress and the advice of the most distinguished 
scientific men, educators, and intellectual leaders of the Nation 
during the years 1834 to 1846. It is interesting to note how broad 
and comprehensive were the views which actuated the Congress in 
determining the scope of the Museum, a fact especially remarkable 
when it is recalled that at that date no museum of considerable 
size existed in the United States, and the museums of England and 
of the continent of Europe, although containing many rich col- 
lections, were still to a large extent without a developed plan. 

The Congress which passed the act of foundation enumerated as 
within the scope of the Museum " all objects of art and of foreign 
and curious research and all objects of natural history, plants, 
and geological and mineralogical specimens belonging to the 
United States," thus indicating the Museum at the very outset as 
the Museum of the United States and as one of the widest range in 
its activities. It was appreciated that additions would be necessary 
to the collections then in existence, and provision was made for their 
increase by the exchange of duplicate specimens, by donations, and 
by other means. 

The maintenance of the Museum was long ago assumed by Con- 
gress, the Smithsonian Institution taking upon itself only so much 
of the necessary responsibility for its administration as is required 
to coordinate it with its other activities. The Museum as a part of 
the Smithsonian is an integral part of a broad organization for 
increase and diffusion of knowledge, for scientific research, for 
cooperation with departments of the Government, with universities 
and scientific societies in America, and Avith all scientific institutions 



and men abroad who seek interchange of views with men of science 
in the United States. 

Since 1846 the only material changes in the scope of the National 
Museum have been (1) the addition of a department of American 
history, intended to illustrate, by an appropriate assemblage of ob- 
jects, important events, the domestic life of the country from the 
colonial period to the present time, and the lives of distinguished 
personages, and (2) provision, in 1920, for the separate administra- 
tion of the National Gallery of Art as a coordinate unit under the 
Smithsonian Institution. From 1906 to 1920 the gallery was admin- 
istered as the department of fine arts of the Museum. 

The development of the Museum has been greatest in those sub- 
jects which the conditions of the past three-quarters of a century 
have made most fruitful — ^the natural history, geology, ethnology, 
and archeology of the United States, which have been supplemented 
extensively by collections from other countries of the world. Op- 
portunities for acquisition in these various directions in the first years 
of the institution were mainly brought about through the activities 
of the scientific and economic surveys of the Government, many of 
which have been the direct outgrowths of earlier explorations stimu- 
lated or directed by the Smithsonian Institution. Additions from 
these sources still continue in large volume. As supplemental to them 
an increasing number of persons interested in science make annual 
additions to our collections either directly or through financial sup- 
port of expeditions by members of the staff. The increment of 
material from these contributions increases annually and is greatly 
appreciated. Such outside aid brings material that is of the greatest 
importance and that often could be obtained in no other way. 

The Centennial Exhibition of 1876 afforded opportunity for estab- 
lishing a department of industrial arts, which has received great 
impetus recently through the cooperation of industrial firms and 
associations, particularly in the assembling of material illustrative 
of historical development in various lines. 

The historical series has been greatly augmented since 1918 by large 
collections illustrative of the World War, and also extensive additions 
to exhibits in aircraft and kindred subjects have been received during 
this period. 

Public interest in the growth and development of the National 
Museum is reflected by the steady increase of recorded attendance, in 
correspondents, and in requests for information. 



Provision for the maintenance of the National Museum for the 
fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, was made in the following regular 
items of appropriation carried in the executive and independent 
offices act approved April 22, 1926 : 

Preservation of collections $450, 000 

Furniture and fixtures . 23, 730 

Heating and ligliting 78, 140 

Building repairs 12, 000 

Books 1,500 

Postage 450 

Printing and binding 43, 500 

609, 320 

The total sum represents an increase of $10,928 above the appro- 
priation available for the year 1926. An increase of $8,918 under the 
main appropriation, that for preservation of collections, has included 
the addition of two assistants for the work of the library, and of one 
in the office of the assistant secretary in char'ge of the National 
Museum where no provision had been made for office staff in estab- 
lishing the position. The remainder, $4,778, was distributed for the 
purchase of needed supplies, to cover the ever increasing bills for 
freight and other matters, including an additional allotment for the 
purchase of specimens. An additional amount of $1,930 under' the 
heading of " Furniture and fixtures " covered one minor readjustment 
on the salary roll and the allotment of $1,870 for the purchase of ma- 
terials utilized in housing the great inflow of new specimens for the 
collections. The sum of $580 under heating and lighting added to 
small sums gained by retrenchment in other expenses under this 
appropriation has permitted the employment of an assistant tele- 
phone operator to aid in the increasing work of our telephone 

The increases recorded have given certain relief but require con- 
siderable addition. 

The matter of increased compensation for the staff of the entire 
Museum has become one of paramount importance since, with the 
exception of a small number on the shop forces, to the close of the 
fiscal year here under discussion there had been no provision made 
for increases in salary with efficiency in service since the establish- 



ment of the reclassification act on July 1, 1924, though the routine 
surveys of efficiency required by law have indicated that except in 
a few instances the persons concerned showed such attention in the 
performance of assigned duties as to entitle them to this considera- 
tion. With no funds available for allotment for this purpose it has 
been impossible to make increases on this basis without addition 
to the appropriations. 

To look ahead to a matter not properly included in the present 
report it may be said that the approriation for the year 1928 has 
carried additional items for one rate increases for the majority of the 
personnel. This step has given a measure of relief and has had a very 
favorable reaction on the part of the employees. It is felt, however, 
that this is but one step in the proper direction and that further allot- 
ments for the same purpose should be made. As a result of this 
readjustment on the salary roll the majority of the staff for the 
fiscal year 1928 will receive one rate more than the entrance salary 
established by law for their respective grades. To continue the 
intent of the reclassification act further funds for promotion should 
be provided until the salaries of the various groups attain the average 
established for the grade. It is earnestly urged that further' addi- 
tions to the appropriations be made until this object can be attained. 
To do this will provide only proper reward for the conscientious 
performance of duty on the part of the staff, while a better salary 
status will inevitably react favorably to the interests of the Museum. 

Because of its status as a national organization the Museum has 
a tremendous scope in its scientific activities. It is expected that 
it shall maintain collections and be in a position to supply informa- 
tion in all the many branches concerned with natural science, as well 
as in the field of history and the manifold phases of industrial 
development. In its legal function as a depository of the national 
collections in all these varied branches it has expanded under neces- 
sity from modern development to a point where increases in the 
permanent staff are imperative. Modern science and knowledge 
whether concerned with some group of insects, shells, birds, or any 
other biological development, or with history or industry have become 
so complex and so varied and the knowledge available so great that 
exactness in dealing with all details demands division into smaller 
groups for study and mastery than in previous generations. Where 
40 or 20 years ago one mind might compass exactly the informa- 
tion available in several fields it is now necessary for the scientist 
to restrict his activities within narrower limits to keep abreast of the 
steadily increasing march of human knowledge. Specialization 
demands closer attention. At the present time there are several 
groups of animals where we have extensive collections that have no 


curator designated on our staff. In a number of divisions also there 
should be provided assistants for the older men who should be in 
position to train others to carry on their work when they are gone. 
In scientific research many years are required before competence is 
attained and much has to be learned by precept that is not available 
in any other way. 

Existing appropriations are taken up so largely with necessary 
routine expenditures that there is little available to be used in 
exploration and field work. Many interested friends and cor- 
respondents make great additions to our collections annually, but the 
Museum should be provided with adequate funds that would enable 
it to develop various field researches along logical and continuing 
lines. Further, there come to the Museum frequent reports of 
valuable specimens that may be had if some one competent can go 
to the spot to obtain them. These are usually of such nature that 
they can not be collected and sent in by the inexperienced as unless 
properly handled they are not worth the cost of transportation, 
though when properly prepared they are highly valuable. At the 
present time this material is usually lost, though for a comparatively 
small expenditure it might be preserved. Funds that may be used for 
such purposes and for field work in general are urgently needed. 

It may be added that in the United States to-day there is an 
increasing part of the population that is definitely interested in 
science. This is shown in the present demand for authentic scientific 
news on the part of the press, for photographs of interesting scientific 
objects for publication, and by the general attitude of the public. As 
our country grows there develops an increasing group of those 
financially independent who turn to scientific researches and investi- 
gations either as recreation or with serious desire to assist in addition 
to human knowledge, and who find in scientific matters relaxa- 
tion and inspiration, recreation and serious endeavor. This group 
now assists tremendously in the furtherance of scientific development 
and will be an increasing force in that direction in the future. 
These persons from their financial situation make large contribu- 
tions toward the Federal income in the form of taxes, and therefore 
it would seem logical to make a part of this money available for 
support of their immediate interests in the form of increased appro- 
priations for the National Museum. 


Additions to the collections during this fiscal year have exceeded 

the average and in fact the materials received as a whole are among 

the most extensive that have come to the institution during a similar 

period. The increments were covered in 1916 separate accessions 

69199—27 2 


which included a total of 402,531 separate specimens. The new 
material has included some of the most valuable collections that 
have ever been incorporated in our series. The specimens acces- 
sioned were divided among the various departments as follows: 
Anthropology, 12,9Y4; biology, 198,279; geology, 1T6,781; arts and 
industries, and history, 14,497. The total increase in 1926 came to 
254,032 specimens which, however, was below the average for recent 

The large number for the year 1927 has been due to several exten- 
sive collections that have come to hand, among which may be men- 
tioned especially the ethnological material from the Stirling 
expedition in the interior of New Guinea, including wonderful series 
from peoples practically unknown, the contributions of the National 
Geographic Society from the excavations at Pueblo Bonito, the col- 
lection of 20,000 beetles presented by Mr. John D. Sherman, valuable 
collections in various branches of natural history made by Dr. Hugh 
M. Smith in Siam, and the minerals in the Koebling and Canfield 
collections. Complete accounts of these and other specimens received 
will be found in the reports of the head curators which follow. 

There have been received also 1,371 lots of material for examina- 
tion and report, the larger part being geological. Some of this has 
been added to the collections, some returned to the senders, and a 
part discarded as not valuable for preservation. 

During this fiscal year 3,717 specimens were sent out as gifts, 
mainly to educational institutions. Included in these were 6 sets of 
mollusks of 149 specimens each, and 27 sets to show the formation 
of soil through the weathering of rock each consisting of 16 speci- 
mens. Exchanges of duplicate material with other institutions and 
individuals amounted to 31,747 specimens for which many valuable 
additions were obtained for the collections. There were also 24,066 
specimens loaned for study for the use of workers outside of Wash- 
ington. The selection and preparation of this material, its packing 
and shipment, and its installation once more in the collections on 
its return constitute a tremendous task that takes much time and 

The following statement of specimens now covered in the Museum 
catalogues will be of interest : 

Anthropology 668, 312 

Biology ^ 7, 727, 552 

Geology 1, 890, 255 

Arts and industries 91, 232 

History 355,934 

Total 10, 733, 285 



Field researches through the past year have been continued 
through special funds available from friends of the Institution or 
through a variety of cooperative arrangements. In spite of the 
restrictions thus imposed the work has been varied and highly pro- 
ductive in definite results. The Museum is handicapped through 
inability with present funds to take up many opportunities for field 
work that offer and it is important that money for such purposes 
be made available. At comparatively low cost much may be 

On June 1, 192T, N. M. Judd, curator of American archeology, on 
leave without pay, again proceeded to New Mexico as director of the 
National Geographic Society's Pueblo Bonito expedition. These ex- 
peditions have been maintained annually since 1921 at a cost, for 
field work alone, of more than $100,000 and the Geographic Society 
has presented to the National Museum practically all of the resulting 
collections, totaling 3,651 specimens. The current field season is 
planned primarily as an opportunity for preparation of the scientific 
report on the results of this work. 

The field work of Dr. A. Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthro- 
pology, in 1926 consisted of an extensive archeological and anthro- 
pological survey of Alaska. This is described in a preliminary way 
in a report published in the Smithsonian Exploration volume for 
1926, while a more detailed report is in preparation. Work in 
Alaska and nearby Siberia begun many years ago by Smithsonian 
interests under the leadership of Kennicott, Dall, Nelson, and others 
is of the utmost interest and promise. During the present season 
H. W. Krieger, curator of the division of ethnology, visited certain 
areas along the Yukon, while H. B. Collins, jr., assistant curator, and 
T. Dale Stewart, aid in the division of physical anthropology, went 
north to Nunivak Island to explore certain old village sites. The 
results of these investigations will be given in the report for next year, 
as the close of the present fiscal year found these men out of close 
touch with Washington. Much is expected from their observations. 

Among the important expeditions in which the Institution has 
cooperated has been that of Matthew W. Stirling, formerly assistant 
curator of ethnology on the Museum staff, and his associates in the 
interior of Dutch New Guinea. The work was carried on through 
private means supplied by Mr. Stirling and his companions and was 
finally developed as a joint enterprise with the Dutch Colonial 
Government. The principal object was to make anthropological 
and ethnological studies of the pygmy tribes, which it was expected 
to find on the higher slopes of the Nassau mountains with supple- 


mental work among the Papuans of the lake plain. After estab- 
lishing a base camp in May near the mouth of the Mamberamo River 
the party made reconnaissance of the interior by means of an airplane 
taken especially for that purpose. With a clear view of the courses 
of the streams that traverse the unknown interior it was possible to 
select the most direct route toward the final objective in the interior 
mountains. Following these preliminaries the expedition pushed 
ahead by means of boats up the Mamberamo to the Rouffaar and 
along that stream to a point where an overland journey was made 
into the country of the pygmies. The travel was hindered by heavy 
floods, and was beset with many uncertainties through difficulties 
attendant upon establishing contacts with the Papuans, who were 
excitable and nervous and fearful of the intention of the invaders. 
In the main, friendly relations prevailed and much valuable cultural 
material was obtained through barter with groups of hitherto un- 
known savages. The pygmies of the mountain slopes proved friendly 
and of entirely different disposition so that Mr. Stirling and his com- 
panions lived among them at ease without necessity for the constant 
guard required with the natives of the lake plain. The party com- 
pleted its observations in December and retraced its long journey to 
the coast, embarking finally for Java. Shipments of specimens to 
the Museum consisted of 14 large cases containing thousands of 
implements from peoples living under the cultural conditions of the 
stone age. Thanks to the generosity of Mr. Stirling and his com- 
panions the National Museum now possesses one of the finest collec- 
tions of the kind from New Guinea in existence. The work of the 
party has been of the highest importance in extending our knowledge 
of one of the few unknown areas remaining on the earth's surface. 

The courtesy of the Dutch Colonial Government in cooperating in 
the scientific work, in providing steamer transportation both for the 
party and for subsequent shipments of supplies, and furnishing 
guards to safeguard camps and parties during travel was greatly 
appreciated. This assistance was of the highest importance to the 
success of the expedition. 

During his second year under the Walter Rathbone Bacon scholar- 
ship. Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt, curator of marine invertebrates, con- 
tinued field studies of the crustacean fauna of South America, prin- 
cipally on the west coast from Guayaquil, Ecuador, to Punta Arenas, 
Chile, including visits to the island of Juan Fernandez and the Falk- 
land Islands, returning by way of Patagonia and Argentina. The 
collections brought to the Museum as a result of this year's studies are 
far larger than those of last year, due in part to a longer period in 
the field, and include several genera and one family of Crustacea 
found for the first time on the west coast of South America. Doctor 
Schmitt left New York on August 19, 1926, arriving at Salaverry, 


Peru, on the 30th of the same month. Until October 3 work was 
carried on at Guayaquil, Ecuador, and vicinity, and until October 25 
near Salaverry, Peru. The time until November 10 was divided 
between Lima, Callao, and near-by localities. On November 29 he 
sailed in a schooner for the island of Juan Fernandez, landing on 
December 7 and remaining until December 27. There he observed 
one of the most productive of crustacean fisheries, that of the Juan 
Fernandez spiny lobster {Palinostu^ frontalis), besides making ob- 
servations and collections of marine invertebrates and fishes. After 
visiting Valparaiso he proceeded to Concepcion, Talcahuano, and 
other points in Chile, collecting on the way, and arrived at Punta 
Arenas on January 26, 1927, where he collected until February 13. 
From there he took passage in a schooner for the Falkland Islands, 
where extensive studies and collections were made until the end of 
April, returning to Punta Arenas and leaving the latter port for 
Buenos Aires on May 2. The return was made by way of Monte- 
video, Santos, Eio de Janeiro, and New York, arriving in Washington 
on June 10. Doctor Schmitt gratefully acknowledges the valuable 
assistance and generous hospitality received from all authorities and 
a large number of private persons in South America and in the 
Falkland Islands. 

Dr. Hugh M. Smith, director of the fisheries of Siam, honorary 
curator in zoology of the National Museum, continued field work in 
Siam. His explorations have resulted in splendid collections of 
mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, and insects which 
are now being studied with the keenest interest by specialists in the 
Museum. He himself will undertake the study of the fishes. 

The Smithsonian-Chrysler African expedition to Tanganyika and 
Kenya, although undertaken to secure living animals for the Na- 
tional Zoological Park, resulted in additions to the Museum collec- 
tions, since through the interest of Dr. W. M. Mann, director, speci- 
mens of birds, mammals, and miscellaneous invertebrates taken at 
odd times, when the naturalists of the expedition were not engaged 
with living animals, were secured and have been presented to our 
collections. The material is very welcome, since it includes valuable 
additions to our series from the section covered. The collection of 
birds preserved for dissection is especially notable. 

On March 22, 1927, Dr. Alexander Wetmore, assistant secretary 
in charge of the National Museum, traveling under the Swales' fund, 
sailed from New York for Port au Prince, Haiti. Until the end of 
April he carried on field investigations in Haiti and then crossed to 
the Dominican Republic, finally sailing north from Puerto Plata on 
June 3. Through the interest of Dr. W. L. Abbott the Museum is in 
possession of extensive collections of birds, mammals, reptiles, am- 


phibians, plants, and other specimens from Hispaniola. Doctor 
Wetmore's work in the field was planned with a view to supplement 
Doctor Abbott's material when necessary and to gather information 
on faunal areas and distribution that will be useful in the prepara- 
tion of reports on the Abbott collections now under way. His work 
in Haiti, thanks to the interest of Dr. G. F. Freeman and other mem- 
bers of the Service Technique, was highly successful and included 
investigations in the vicinity of Port au Prince, in the southern 
peninsula, with the coffee experiment station at Fonds-des-Negres as 
a base, an exploration of the high La Selle, unknown zoologically 
imtil this visit, a trip to the interior plain at Hinche, a visit to the 
caves near St. Michel, famous for their bone deposits, and finally 
work at Caracol on the north coast. 

In the Dominican Republic Doctor Wetmore worked principally 
on Samana Bay and in the high interior in the valley of Constanza. 
His collections have included many items of interest. Among forms 
alread}^ described are a new species of thrush and a new genus of 
lizards from La Selle. 

Owing to disturbed conditions in China, the activities of A. de C. 
Sowerby, under the auspices of Col. R. S. Clark, have been greatly 
curtailed. Nevertheless, he has succeeded in sending the Museum 
large and valuable collections, especially of reptiles and fishes, which 
have added notably to our series. 

Clarence E.. Shoemaker, assistant curator of marine invertebrates, 
under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Wjashington, during 
July and August, 1926, visited the Marine Biological Laboratory, at 
Dry Tortugas, Fla., for the purpose chiefly of making carcinological 
studies. More than 3,300 specimens of marine invertebrates were 
collected for the Museum. 

Dr. P. Bartsch, curator of moUusks, in 1926 spent from August 10 
to 21 at the Tortugas, and August 21 to 24 along the Florida Keys, 
examining Cerion colonies in continuation of his experiments in 
heredity with these organisms. A more detailed report on this work 
has already been published in the Smithsonian Exploration Pam- 
phlet for 1926 (pp. 80-89). While at the Tortugas, Doctor Bartsch 
made experiments in the exposure of moving-picture film among 
the coral reefs undersea, securing a series of pictures showing faunal 
associations of marine organisms in situ. As in former years, he 
kept account of the birds observed from day to day. 

J. M. Aldrich, associate curator of insects, before the close of the 
fiscal year departed on an expedition to the western part of the coun- 
try for the purpose of making collections of insects, principally 
Diptera, in certain regions from which very few specimens have 
been received in the past. His itinerary was plamied to extend to 


California, returning through Nevada, Yellowstone Park, and the 
•Black Hills. 

Capt. K. A. Bartlett, a valued volunteer collector for the Museum, 
as a result of explorations off the northwest coast of Greenland in 
the summer of 1926, sent in 776 specimens of marine invertebrates. 

Dr. W. K. Maxon, associate curator of plants, left Washington in 
May, 1926, for Jamaica and returned early in the following August. 
The exploration, which was made possible by a grant from the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of Science and the cordial 
cooperation of the New York Botanical Garden and the United Fruit 
Co., was conducted in the extreme eastern end of the Blue Mountain 
range and on some of the high peaks to the westward. The work was 
extremely productive in material for use in writing a proposed 
descriptive volume on the ferns of Jamaica, some 2,100 numbers 
(chiefly ferns) having been collected, many of these with numerous 
duplicates. The present collection, with material gathered during 
several previous trips, comprises an ample series of specimens show- 
ing local distribution, altitudinal range, and habital forms of most 
of the 500 fern species known to occur in the island. E. P. Killip, 
aid, and Albert C. Smith, collaborator, left Washington for Colombia 
in October, 1926, and returned in April, 1927, spending approxi- 
mately six months in field work in the interior regions of that coun- 
try. The expedition was organized through the cooperation of the 
New York Botanical Garden, the Gray Herbarium, the Arnold Ar- 
boretum, and Mr. Oakes Ames, with the National Museum. The 
greater part of the work was done in the general vicinity of Bucara- 
manga, in the Department of Santander, and along the Colombian- 
Venezuelan border in the Department Norte de Santander. Alto- 
gether some 30,000 specimens of plants were collected, representing 
over 7,100 collection numbers. The bulk of the material, and the 
portion which will prove most valuable, was obtained in the difficult 
mountain regions of the Bucaramanga district, a nearly unexplored 
area not previously visited by American botanists. The present is 
the third recent American botanical expedition to Colombia and the 
second in which Mr. Killip has participated in his project to prepare 
a report upon the plants of Colombia. 

Prof. A. S. Hitchcock, custodian of the grass herbarium, spent 
about two months in the summer of 1926 collecting grasses in the 
Eocky Mountain region, and in November and December, in coopera- 
tion with the Tropical Plant Research Foundation, collected grasses 
throughout the island of Cuba. 

Prof. H. H. Bartlett, honorary collaborator, left last autumn upon 
a year's botanical collecting trip in the East Indies. A considerable 
collection has already been received from Formosa and at last reports 
excellent results were being obtained in Sumatra. 


Dr. W. F. Foshag, assistant curator of mineralogy and petrology, 
was in the field in Mexico from May 23 to late September, 1926, 
collecting minerals and ores and studying their occurrence at some 
of the chief mining centers. The localities visited were Los Lamen- 
tos, Santa Eulalia, La Ceja, Placer de Guadalupe, Cuchilla Parada, 
and Naica, in the State of Chihuahua; Sierra Mojada, in the State 
of Coahuila ; and Velardena and Durango, in the State of Durango. 
This expedition, undertaken in collaboration with Harvard Univer- 
sity, was highly successful, due largely to the hearty cooperation of 
the Mexican Government officials and American mining engineers 
in charge of the properties. Over two tons of material were col- 
lected from which representative sets have been selected for both 
Harvard and the National Museum. 

A field trip by Dr. E.. S. Bassler, curator of stratigraphic paleon- 
tology, through France and Germany during August and September, 
was most fruitful of material results. Two weeks were spent in a 
study of the Paris Basin in company with Dr. Ferdinand Canu, of 
Versailles, France, the most eminent student of microfossils on the 
Continent. Field investigations here yielded some valuable collec- 
tions of microfossils, but a much larger and varied amount of mate- 
rial was donated by Doctor Canu from the results of his previous 
researches. Furthermore, Doctor Canu, to commemorate his long 
association with the paleontological work of the National Museum, 
presented his entire collection of French Cenozoic and Mesozoic fos- 
sils, numbering more than 100,000 specimens. Doctor Bassler visited 
in succession the Rhine Valley, the valley of the Main, the Early 
Tertiary areas around Miinich, and the classic Mesozoic region north 
of the Hartz Mountains. 

Doctor Resser spent August and September in field work in the 
Rocky Mountains, in continuation of the study of Cambrian strati- 
graphy under the direction of Secretary Walcott. He was assisted 
by Erwin R. Pohl, of the paleontological staff, whose special interest 
in the Devonian led him to secure good study collections from those 
strata whenever encountered. The work on the Cambrian was di- 
rected mainly to a determination of the section in Shoshone Canyon, 
west of Cody, Wyo., of various sections farther north in the Bear- 
tooth Range, and particularly a restudy of the famous sections north 
of Gallatin Valley in Montana. Here ample collections were ob- 
tained in strata from which the National Museum has previously had 
but a few fragments. Near the close of the season during several 
days' study of exposures in the Wasatch Mountains north of Brigham 
City, Utah, under the guidance of Prof. Asa A. Mathews, of the 
University of Utah, he obtained many instructive fossils of early 
Paleozoic age and important stratigraphic data. Previous to the 
work with Doctor Resser in the Rocky Mountains, Mr. Pohl was 


detailed to continue his researches of the previous year on the 
Devonian rocks of New York and Ontario. 

Under an allotment from the National Academy of Sciences 
Charles W. Gilmore was again enabled to visit the Grand Canyon 
of the Colorado. While the main object of this trip was to assist 
in the development of certain educational features of the canyon 
for the National Park Service, an opportunity was offered to make 
further collections of fossil footprints from the Supai formation, a 
level from which our collections are deficient. As a result of this 
expedition, Mr. Gilmore secured more than half a ton of footprints 
from both the Supai and the Hermit formations. A noteworthy 
slab of large size from the latter has the clearly impressed track- 
ways of no less than three different kinds of animals on its surface 
and will make an unusually interesting exhibit. 

In the early autumn of 1926 the Venice Co. of Venice, Fla., re- 
ported the discovery of fossil remains of a mammoth, and cordially 
invited the Smithsonian to send and recover the specimen. Dr. J. W. 
Gidley was detailed for this work which occupied 10 daj^s. It was 
found that the bones all belonged to one individual of very large 
size, but the skeleton was by no means complete. However, the por- 
tions remaining were of sufficient value to amply repay the time and 
expense required to collect and preserve them. 

Later in the fiscal year Doctor Gidley was detailed to visit Curtis, 
Okla., and Sarasota, Fla., in order to investigate reported finds of 
fossil remains. The visit to the first mentioned locality yielded 
remains of various Pleistocene mammals. At Sarasota and Zolfo 
Springs, Fla., a good collection representing a considerable fauna 
from the west coast was obtained. 


As mentioned in the report of the Museum for 1926 the Smith- 
sonian Institution was allotted $25,000 for the preparation, installa- 
tion, and maintenance of an exhibition at the National Sesquicenten- 
nial Exposition in Philadelphia. As the exposition buildings were 
delayed in completion the Institution was not given possession of the 
space assigned to it until late in June, so that although part of our 
material was arranged by June 30 it was not possible to make 
complete installation of our cases until after the beginning of the 
present fiscal year. The section assigned to the Institution was one 
of the first in the Transportation Building to be arranged and made 
ready for display. 

The exposition continued until November 30, 1926. During the 
entire period one or more members of the staff remained in attend- 
ance to answer the questions of visitors and to explain the various 


objects displayed. The material exhibited was returned to Washing- 
ton in December, all in good condition. 

The exhibits attracted much attention and were favorably received 
by the public. A detailed account of the exhibits shown was in- 
cluded in the annual report of the Museum for 1926 and need not be 
repeated here. 


On February 11, 1927, there was called a conference of the estab- 
lishment and Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution to 
which there were invited prominent Americans to advise with refer- 
ence to the future policy and field of service of the Institution. As a 
background for this conference there was arranged in the main hall 
of the Smithsonian Building a special exhibition to demonstrate 
activities in research carried on at present under the Institution. 
The National Museum as one of the major organizations admin- 
istered by the Smithsonian was prominently represented in so far 
as the departments of anthropology, biology, and geology were 

For the occasion in question a series of temporary booths was 
arranged by means of screens about the entire main hall. Benches, 
tables, and cases were utilized for the exhibition of specimens and 
the walls were given over to charts, diagrams, and photographs. 
The entire installation was arranged not as a temporary transfer of 
cases and materials from the halls and storage collections of the 
National Museum, but as a demonstration of research activities on 
the part of the staff. Each object displayed, while chosen for its 
interest, was designed to represent some particular phase of science. 
The entire arrangement was designed to indicate a cross section of 
existing researches as developed in the Museum and the Institution 
in general. 

The department of anthropology was represented by materials to 
show recent studies' in the anthropology and archeology of the Colum- 
bia River Valley of Alaska, the lower Mississippi Valley, and the 
ancient Indian pueblos of the Southwest, supplemented by certain 
matters dealing with Old World archeology, with the evolution of 
man as a species in the animal kingdom, and with the development 
of the modern American since the invasion of the New World by the 
Caucasian race. 

Projects illustrated in geology and paleontology included studies 
in elephants and dinosaurs as representatives of ancient vertebrate 
life, and illustrations of investigations into the thousands of fossil 
species known among the invertebrates, of the highest importance 
as indicators of the age of ancient rock strata with their included 


oils and minerals. With these were examples of minerals taken 
from recent gifts and bequests in the Roebling and Canfield collec- 
tions, together with materials to illustrate the formation of soil 
through the disintegration of granite arid other rock. 

The work comprised in the department of biology is so vast that 
attempt was made to cover only a few of its various' branches. The 
section devoted to botany, important as the foundation of agriculture, 
was illustrated by the results of recent explorations on the plant life 
of tropical America and by demonstrations of systematic studies in 
various groups of plants. In zoology there were shown specimens of 
reptiles, paintings of fishes, of insects, birds, moUusks, mammals, 
foraminifera, crinoids or sea lilies, and other animals arranged to 
demonstrate various researches, some of purely scientific interest, 
others of known economic application. 

With each section of the exhibits there were in attendance research 
workers of the scientific staff to explain fully to those interested the 
various questions involved. The exhibits proved so popular that 
they were thrown open to the public for several days during the 
week that followed. 


The educational work of the Museum consists in part of its exhi- 
bitions — objects so labeled that the public may be instructed as by 
an encyclopedia cut apart and spread out, except that its illustra- 
tions are real and material things. With advance in Museum 
methods, the objects on display are being grouped to a greater and 
greater extent to show relationships, with, whenever possible, some 
added indication of their source, so that at a glance the visitor may 
comprehend their true character and significance. Visitors to the 
exhibition halls of the National Museum reached a higher number 
during the present fiscal year than ever before in the history of the 
institution, a certain index to present-day interest in knowledge as 
included in the scope of the modern museum. As is usually true the 
greater number of visitors came during the warmer months, and 
as in other recent years the automobile was an important means of 
travel. The range of States represented by license plates on cars 
parked before the buildings included every section of the Union. 

An incidental educational feature having for its purpose the pro- 
motion of scientific or technical teaching throughout the country has 
been the distribution to schools and colleges of duplicate material, 
properly identified and labeled, while through its publications and 
correspondence the National Museum has contact with a great group 
of persons many of whom never come to Washington. 

Mr. A. H. Clark, who has continued the radio program of the 
Smithsonian Institution, reports that the talks are maintaining their 


popularity and that many are preserved permanently in the form 
of printed articles. During the summer of 1926, as a result of the 
taking over of station WEAF in New York by the Radio Corpora- 
tion of America and the discontinuance of station WCAP in Wash- 
ington, the local radio situation became somewhat involved. From 
station WCAP station WRC acquired the scientific talks of the 
National Research Council and of Science Service, as well as the 
interesting talks on natural history subjects arranged by Percival 
S. Ridsdale. As station WRC was already running the regular 
Smithsonian series of talks and the nature talks from the National 
Zoological Park, some readjustment was necessary, as it was not 
practicable to give out so many more or less similar talks from a 
single station. The situation was still further complicated by the 
fact that WRC had now become the Washington outlet for sta- 
tion WEAF, as well as for station WJZ in New York. The closest 
cooperation has from the first existed between the managers of all 
of these series of scientific talks. In view of the fact that station 
WRC was having considerable difficulty in arranging its program, 
especially in satisfying the demands for time from the two stations 
in New York, the representatives of the Smithsonian Institution, 
the National Research Council, and Science Service asked the sta- 
tion to regard all of the scientific talks collectively as a single unit 
and to allot them such time as practicable which they would divide 
up between themselves. The National Research Council decided to 
discontinue its series, and after a few talks Mr. Ridsdale also dis- 
continued his. Science Service shortly afterwards transferred its 
talks to station WMAL. This left the situation as heretofore, with 
the Smithsonian Institution the only organization giving scientific 
talks over WRC. Because of the demands on its time by outside sta- 
tions, station WRC this year was unable to allot to the Smithsonian 
Institution more than a single period each week. The nature talks 
from the National Zoological Park, given on Saturdays last year, 
were therefore combined with the regular Smithsonian series, which 
was given on Wednesdays instead of on Thursdays as formerly. 
Twenty-nine talks were given during the season as follows : 

Bringing home living animals from Africa. Dr. William M. Mann, Director, 
National Zoological Park, November 24, 1926. 

Early American animals — elephants and others. Dr. J. W. Gidley, National 
Museum, December 1, 1926. 

Shooting stars. Dr. Willard J. Fisher, Harvard College Observatory, Decem- 
ber 8, 1926 (read by Austin H. Clark). 

An observatory among the Hottentots. Dr. Charles G. Abbot, Assistant Secre^ 
tary, Smithsonian Institution, December 22, 1926. 

The invasion of the snowy owl. Dr. Alexander Wetmore, Assistant Secretary, 
Smithsonian Institution, December 22, 1926. 

Natural history in Louisiana. Percy Viosca, jr.. State biologist of Louisiana, 
January 5, 1927. 


Dialogue between Miss Sarah W. Clark and Dr. William M. Mann on the sub- 
ject of experiences in collecting living animals in Africa, January 19, 

The Antarctic continent. Prof. Sir Douglas Mawson, The University, Adelaide, 
South Australia. January 26, 1927. 

Some African reptiles. Miss Doris M. Cochran, National Museum, February 
2, 1927. 

White ants or termites. Dr. Thomas E. Snyder, Bureau of Entomology, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1927. 

The romance of the lighthouse service. John S. Conway, Deputy Commissioner 
of .Lighthouses, February 23, 1927. 

Oyster farming. Herbert F. Prytherch, Bureau of Fisheries, March 2, 1927. 

American wild horses. Dr. J. W. Gidley, National Museum, March 7, 1927. 

Fishery products in the arts and industries. Lewis Radcliffe, Deputy Com- 
missioner of Fisheries, March 16, 1927. 

Beetles : what they are and vvhat they do. Dr. Edward A. Chapin, Bureau of 
Entomology, March 21, 1927. 

Watchmakers as inventors. Carl M. Mitman, National Museum, March 28, 

The study of the sun-. F. E. Fowle, Astrophysical Observatory, April 6, 1927. 

The sea. Austin H. Clark, National Museum, April 13, 1927. 

Frogs and toads. Miss Doris M. Cochran, National Museum, April 20, 1927. 

The honey bee. James I. Hambleton, Bureau of Entomology, April 27, 

Mice. Arthur J. Poole, National Museum, May 4, 1927. 

Fossil footprints in the Grand Canyon. Charles W. Gilmore, National Mu- 
seum, May 11, 1927. 

Who owns Potomac Park? Dr. George P. Merrill, National Museum, May 18, 

Museums. Chauncey J. Hamliu, president, American Association of Museums, 
May 25, 1927. 

The Black Hills of South Dakota. Dr. James W. Gidley, National Museum, 
June 1, 1927. 

Goldfish and other aquarium creatures. Glenn C. Leach, Bureau of Fisheries, 
June 8, 1927. 

SnakeS; Charles S. East, National Museum, June 15, 1927. 

The Gold Coast, West Africa. Charles H. Knowles, Director of Agriculture, 
Accra, Gold Coast, June 22, 1927. 

The coins of Asia. T. T. Belote, National Museum, June 29, 1927. 

The National Museum has no funds that may be devoted to lec- 
ture courses and conducts no definite activities of that kind, except 
as members of the staff may present talks before various organiza- 
tions and meetings. A brief review of work of this sort during the 
past year is presented together with an account of educational activi- 
ties through loans of specimens and other means. 

The Florida State College for Women, of Tallahassee, Fla., utilized 
a special collection of ceremonial objects of carved wood, sent it 
as a loan, in classes in anthropology and sociology, as exhibits in their 
art department, and in the School of Home Economics, and finally 
to illustrate a number of talks at different high schools. 


Dr. Walter Hough gave a talk on Americana to a group of the 
Archaeological League, and on American aboriginal art before the 
art section of the Twentieth Century Club. He talked on Egypt 
before the Carnegie Library Association. Groups of the Wilson 
Teachers Normal School were given explanations of the collections 
in anthropology by members of the staff. Three hundred members 
of the National Farm Boys and Girls 4-H Club, brought to Wash- 
ington by the Department of Agiiculture, were shown the ethno- 
logical collection by the head curator of the department. 

During the fiscal year just ended the curator of American arche- 
ology has lectured, chiefly on various phases of the Pueblo Bonito 
expeditions, before the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles^ Calif. ; the 
Arizona Archaeological Society, Tucson ; the El Paso Archaeological 
Society, El Paso, Tex.; the Texas Technological College, at Lub- 
bock; the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Society 
and section H, American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, at Philadelphia; and, in Washington, before members of 
the Washington Society of Engineers; Lebanon Chapter, Order of 
the Eastern Star ; the Men's Club of Foundry Methodist Church ; the 
Cosmos Club; and the National Academy of Sciences at its 1927 
annual meeting. 

Doctor Casanowicz guided a high-school group from Virginia 
through the classical exhibits, and also explained the Assyro-Baby- 
lonian antiquities to a group from the Oyster School of Washington. 

Talks were given by Doctor Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthro- 
pology at the Museum to students of divinity from Catholic Univer- 
sity, Professor Duncan's class of the American University, and the 
graduating class of St. John's College, Annapolis, Md. He gave 
lectures outside to the Club of University Women, the Washington 
City Club, the City Club, the Men's Club of Mount Pleasant Congre- 
gational Church, and before the Anthropological Society of Wash- 
ington, and a presidential address at the meeting of the American 
Anthropological Association, Philadelphia. In addition, a number 
of lectures, where expenses were paid, were given at several institu- 
tions outside of Washington, before the Teachers' Institute, Spring- 
field, 111. ; the board of directors. Bell Telephone System Co., Phila- 
delphia ; at Wells College, before the Dental Society, Philadelphia. 

Miss Doris M. Cochran, assistant curator of reptiles, rendered 
assistance to the nature study teachers of the public schools of the 
city, by giving several half -hour talks on the commoner North Ameri- 
can reptiles and amphibians. She also addressed the students of the 
Howard University medical school on the subject of poisonous rep- 
tiles with exhibition of specimens and a visit to the reptile hall. Dr. 
J. M. Aldrich, associate curator of insects, gave two lectures on 


Diptera affecting man before the junior medical students of Howard 
University, and an exhibit of several species of Diptera injurious to 
man was prepared for use by the officials of the Bureau of Entomol- 
ogy at the meeting of the American Medical Association. Dr. Paul 
Bartsch, as head professor of zoology at George Washington Univer- 
sity, and professor of parasitology at the medical school of Howard 
University, frequently brought classes to the Museum for examina- 
tion of exhibits. He also gave a number of popular lectures before 
various organizations on natural-history subjects. Thus, he gave a 
talk on " The wonders of the deep " as the first of a series in the 
10-event course at the Georgetown Presbyterian Church ; to troop 33 
of the Boy Scouts at Takoma Park on "Birds about home," and 
another on the same topic to the Citizens' Association of Chevy 
Chase. An illustrated lecture, "An hour with our birds," was given 
to the Washington Club. The Parent-Teachers' Association at the 
New Brightwood School was addressed on problems connected with 
the retarded child in the light of modern medical investigation. The 
Dunbar High School students were given an address on chalk, chalk 
animals and their relatives, and the Vivarium Society at the National 
Zoological Park was given a talk on mollusks, their habits and 
method of culture. 

Austin H. Clark, curator of echinoderms, gave three lectures on 
" Life in the sea " before the annual symposium arranged by the 
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, the University of Buffalo, and 
Canisius College on April 20-22, at Buffalo, N. Y. During the 
meeting of the American Association of Museums held in Wash- 
ington he conducted the symposium on science museums, which was 
held at the Willard Hotel on the evening of May 24, 1927. In his 
capacity of news manager (originally director of publicity) for 
the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Mr. 
Clark attended the meetings of the association held in Philadel- 
phia from December 27, 1926, to January 1, 1927. A detailed ac- 
count of the news service at this meeting has been published in 

Educational work by members of the staff of the division of plants 
has consisted mainly of assistance rendered in connection with the 
identification of material for such organizations as the American 
Nature Association, and in suggesting methods of work and titles of 
helpful literature, much of this help, though official, having been 
extended informally. Dr. J. N. Kose delivered an illustrated lec- 
ture on cacti before the Botanical Society of America at the mid- 
winter meeting, and Professor Hitchcock and Mrs. Agnes Chase 
presented more technical papers on taxonomy at the same time. 

Dr. G. P. Merrill, head curator of the department of geology, 
delivered two papers at the meetings of the American Association 


for the Advancement of Science at Philadelphia — one before the 
History of Science Society entitled " Geologists and geology of colo- 
nial Philadelphia " ; and the other before the section of chemistry 
on "The present condition of knowledge on the composition of 
meteorites." He also prepared and delivered a brief radio talk en- 
titled " Who owns Potomac Park ? " 

Dr. W. F. Foshag acted as associate editor of the American Min- 
eralogist and as councilor of the Mineralogical Society of America. 
Upon the invitation of the Philadelphia Mineralogical Society he 
delivered an informal talk on his trip into northern Mexico. 

Mr. C. W. Gilmore delivered a lecture on " Extinct monsters " to a 
rally of the fourth division of Washington Boy Scouts, and later 
the same was repeated to the Men's Club of Foundry Methodist 
Episcopal Church. About 700 persons were present at the two lec- 
tures. On several occasions he has given brief explanatory talks tc 
classes from various schools of Washington and vicinity. Doctor 
Gidley delivered informative talks before A'^arious clubs in Washing- 
ton, and to a class of high-school students at Zolfo Springs, Fla. 
and both Mr. Gilmore and Doctor Gidley have prepared and broad- 
cast radio talks in the Smithsonian course, the former delivering one 
and the latter three. 

Doctors Bassler and Resser gave lectures and informal talks to 
classes in natural science of the Washington high schools and visiting 
schools, as well as to young people brought here by other departments 
of the Government. The 4r-H Club of the Department of Agricul- 
ture, numbering several hundred, received instruction in the work 
of the paleontologist from Doctor Bassler. Various universities also 
have brought their advanced classes in geology to Washington and tc 
these Doctor Bassler has explained the Museum's activities as well 
as the local geology. Doctor Bassler continues to serve as examiner 
in geological subjects for the Girl Scouts, while Doctor Resser hap 
had occasion to lecture on the work of the Institution at local 
churches and near-by colleges. Both presented papers before scien- 
tific organizations, and Doctor Bassler completed his seventeenth 
year as secretary of the Paleontological Society of America. He has 
also served as director of one of the major projects of the National 
Research Council in cooperation with the American Petroleum 

The divisions of mineral and mechanical technology rendered their 
usual assistance to local schools by lectures on mineral technology by 
Carl W. Mitman and F. A. Taylor and on mechanical technology by 
Paul E. Garber. Probably the largest individual group to whom the 
collections were explained was the 4-H Club of boy and girl farmers 
who were entertained by the Department of Agriculture for a week 
in June, 1927. Mr. Taylor gave a talk on the activities of the 


Smithsonian and its branches before the student branch of the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers at its spring meeting at 
George Washington University. 

In the division of textiles informal talks were given in the halls 
by F. L. Lewton to classes from the Washington Missionary College, 
Takoma Park, Md., and to the class in costmne design from George 
Washington University, and by Mrs. E. W. Rosson to classes from 
Wilson Kormal School of Washington. 

For several years past employees of Woodward & Lothrop's depart- 
ment store, Washington, D. C, enrolled in its training department, 
have come to the Museum in groups for talks on textiles by Mr. Lew - 
ton. This year a change was made whereby the lectures were given 
at the store to a much larger group, permitting a more formal pre- 
sentation and covering a wider field. Thus, on February 7, 9, and 10, 
1927, Mr. Lewton gave lectures to three groups of store employees on 
the technology of yarn and cloth construction, in which the effect on 
the finished goods of the different physical properties of the five 
principal fibers was emphasized. He was also the speaker for indus- 
trial arts evening at the Arts Club of Washington, on February 10, 
when he gave an informal talk on the technology of fabric decora- 
tion, illustrated by specimens of fabrics showing special types of dec- 
oration such as weft and warp printing, and cross-dyeing effects. The 
same speaker, on January 11, 1927, addressed the Washington Chap- 
ter of the American Home Economics Association, at the Bureau 
of Home Economics, on " Rayon — Its future and possibilities." On 
January 19 he spoke to the Science Club of Eastern High School, 
Washington, D. C, on " Rayon — Its manufacture and application " ; 
on March 8, to the Mothers' Club of Takoma Park, Md., on "A com- 
parison of the qualities of dress fabrics 20 years ago and to-day " ; 
and on March 11, 1927, to the home economics department of George 
Washington University, on " The manufacture and future of rayon." 

Students from the Wilson Normal School of this city were 
addressed in the Museum by William N. Watkins on the subject 
of "Turpentining," and he likewise conducted the graduating class 
from the Hallstead (Pa.) High School through the wood court speak- 
ing on the collection generally. 

Dr. George B. Roth, professor of pharmacology at George Wash- 
ington Universitj^, continued to visit the Museum with medical 
students for the purpose of acquainting them with the classification 
of medicinal materials and the physical characteristics of the crude 
drugs from which medicines are made. 

The District of Columbia Parent-Teacher Congress made special 
arrangements to have the health exhibits explained to its members. 
The first delegation consisted of about 50 members, and throughout 
69199—27 3 


the year other delegations of varying numbers called for the same 
purpose. The American Optometric Association during its annual 
convention in Washington included in its program a visit to the 
Museum for the express purpose of studying the exhibits of the 
hall of health. Several hundred delegates from all parts of the. 
United States were included in the group. 

In connection with American forest week activities, the section 
of wood technology installed exhibits during the period that covered 
tree planting, timber growing, forest protection, recreation, and 
utilization. During American forest week 18,739 persons visited 
the building, and up to closing time on May 18, when some of the 
exhibits were removed, 48,163 visitors had been recorded. 

R. P. Tolman, assistant curator of the division of graphic arts, 
gave one talk before the convention of American Pen Women. At 
the present time this division has six traveling exhibits of graphic 
arts which show how prints are made, and two traveling exhibits on 
the history of photography. These were shown 47 times in public 
schools, colleges, libraries, and other establishments from Massachu- 
setts to California. These exhibits are available for display by anj' 
organization that is interested, the only expense being the expressage. 
The two larger exhibits are engaged for nearly the entire next sea- 
son, and a number of engagements have been arranged for the 
smaller ones. 


The Museum buildings are open to the public free of charge every 
week day from 9 a. m. to 4.30 p. m. and, in addition, the Natural 
History Building and the Arts and Industries Building are open 
on Sunday afternoon from 1.30 to 4.30. This year all exhibition 
halls were closed on Christmas Day and New Year's Day, following 
the precedent of 1926, and the Smithsonian Building was closed to 
the public for two days, February 10 and 11, 1927, when the Institu- 
tion was using the public halls for a conference. In connection with 
the Nation's welcome to Col. Charles A. Lindbergh on June 11, all 
exhibition halls were closed at noon. 

The flags on all Museum buildings were placed at half mast at 
12.50 p. m., February 9, 1927, when notice was received of the death 
of Secretary Walcott, and were so continued through February 12, 
the day of the funeral. The offices in all Museum buildings were 
closed all day February 12 and the exhibition halls were closed to 
the public after 2 p. m. 

The visitors to the Museum for the year aggregated 1,153,^12 
persons, an increase of nearly 50,000 over the previous year. Aver- 
age attendance for week days was 3,263 and for Sundays, with only 
two buildings open, 2,660. The number of visitors to the Smith- 



sonian Building during the year was 128,868 and to the Aircraft 
Building 82,628, a daily average of 414 for the former and 265 for 
the latter ; to the Arts and Industries Building, 338,566 on week days 
and 41,864 on Sundays, a daily week-day average of 1,088 and a 
Sunday average of 805 ; and to the Natural History Building, 464,800 
on week days and 96,486 on Sundays, a daily week-day average of 
1,494 and a Sunday average of 1,855. 

The following tables show, respectively, the attendance of visitors 
during each month of the last year and for each year since 1881, 
when the building now devoted to arts and industries was first opened 
to the public: 

Nurtiber of visitors during the year ended June SO, 1927 

Year and month 



September. _. 











Total _ 


17, 356 

22, 080 

14, 990 





15, 457 
10, 973 

16, 473 

128, 868 

Museum buildings 

Arts and 

41, 022 
59, 330 
43, 334 
30, 563 
17, 917 
11, 394 

13, 193 
13, 230 
19, 573 

47, 018 
38, 867 
44, 989 

380, 430 


69, 724 
74, 729 
59, 094 
41, 814 
28, 389 
18, 917 

22, 827 
27, 665 
34, 714 
65, 719 
55, 999 
61, 695 

561, 286 


21, 515 
7, 592 
3, 144 

7, 185 
11, 536 

82, 628 


149, 617 

166, 104 

125, 010 

85, 730 

55, 097 

36, 833 

41, 755 

46, 805 

62, 880 

135, 379 

113, 309 

134, 693 

1, 153, 212 

Number of visitors to the Smithsonian and Museum Buildings since 1881 


Museum buildings 


Arts and 





100, 000 
152, 744 

104, 823 
45, 565 

105, 993 
88, 960 
98, 552 

102, 863 
149, 618 
120, 894 
111, 669 
114, 817 
174, 188 

150, 000 
167, 455 
202, 188 
97, 661 
205, 026 
174, 225 
216, 562 
249, 665 
374, 843 
274, 324 
286, 426 
269, 825 
319, 930 

250, 000 


320, 199 


307, Oil 

1884 (half year) 

143, 226 

1884-85 (fiscal year) _ 

311, 019 


263, 185 


315, 114 


352, 528 


524, 461 


395, 218 


398, 095 


384, 642 


494, 118 


Number of visitors to the Smithsonian Museum Building since 1881 — Continued 


Museum buildings 


Arts and 





103, 910 
105, 658 

103, 650 

115, 709 
99, 273 

116, 912 
133, 147 
151, 563 
144, 107 
181, 174 
143, 988 
149, 380 
149, 661 
153, 591 
237, 182 
198, 054 
179, 163 
167, 085 
143, 134 
142, 420 
102, 645 

40, 324 
48, 517 
86, 335 
67, 224 
101, 504 
86, 013 
90, 235 
83, 384 
95, 168 

104, 601 
107, 342 
110, 975 
128, 868 

195, 748 
201, 744 
180, 505 
229, 606 
177, 254 
192, 471 
225, 440 
216, 556 
173, 888 
315, 307 
220, 778 
235, 921 
210, 886 
210, 017 
299, 659 
245, 187 
228, 804 
207, 010 

172, 182 

173, 858 
146, 533 
133, 202 
146, 956 
161, 700 
161, 298 
266, 532 
250, 982 
286, 397 
262, 151 
259, 542 
290, 012 
304, 858 
355, 762 
380, 430 

299, 658 


307, 402 


284, 155 


345, 315 


276, 527 


309, 383 


358, 587 


368, 119 


317, 995 


496, 481 


364, 766 


385, 301 

1905-6. _ . 

360, 547 


363, 698 


536, 841 


443, 241 


50, 403 
151, 112 
281, 887 
319, 806 
329, 381 
321, 712 
381, 228 
407, 025 
401, 100 
1 132, 859 
422, 984 
467, 299 
441, 604 
508, 518 
540, 776 
557, 016 
581, 563 
561, 286 

458, 370 

1910-11 . 

525, 207 


597, 203 

1912-13 ___ 

636, 084 


578, 559 


495, 238 


576, 701 


655, 060 


629, 622 

1918-19. . 

500, 895 


759, 979 

1920-21. . 

31, 235 

46, 380 
42. 904 
43; 534 
52, 787 
58, 005 
82, 628 

875, 166 


833, 519 


906, 132 

1923-24 _ __ ... 

978, 923 

192^25 ... 

1, 022, 003 


1, 106, 305 

1926-27 - . - 

1, 153, 212 

Grand total 

5, 702, 582 


6, 857, 559 

357, 473 

23, 565, 010 

1 Building open for only 3 months of the year. 


The publications issued during the year include 10 volumes, namely, 
the annual report for 1926; Bulletin 134, Material Culture of the 
People of Southeastern Panama, Based on Specimens in the United 
States National Museum, by Herbert W. Krieger ; Bulletin 135, Life 
Histories of North American Marsh Birds, Orders Odontoglossae, 
Herodiones, and Paludicolae, by Arthur Cleveland Bent; Bulletin 
136. Handbook of the Collection of Musical Instruments in the United 
States National Museum, by Frances Densmore; Bulletin 137, The 
Collection of Primitive Weapons and Armor of the Philippine Is- 
lands in the United States National Museum, by Herbert W. Krieger ; 
Bulletin 138, The Fossil Stalk-eyed Crustacea of the Pacific Slope 
of North America, by Mary J. Eathbun; Bulletin 139, Fire as an 


Agent in Human Culture, by Walter Hough; Bulletin 140, Bird 
Parasites of the Nematode Suborders Strongylata, Ascaridata, and 
Spirurata, by Eloise B. Cram, and a very small edition, for office use, 
of the complete volume 67 of the Proceedings and the complete 
volume 23, Contributions from the United States National Herba- 
rium. Sixty-three separate papers published include three papers in 
the Bulletin series, 5 in the Contributions from the United States 
National Herbarium, and 55 in the Proceedings. A third and revised 
edition of the Illustrated Handbook of the Department of Geology 
of the United States National Museum was printed. 

The complete distribution of the volumes and separates to libraries 
and individuals on the regular mailing lists aggregated 101,598 copies, 
while in addition 8,982 copies of publications issued during this and 
previous years were supplied in response to special requests. The 
mailing lists have been carefully revised to avoid loss in distribution 
so far as practicable. 

The editorial office, besides supervising the printing of the publica- 
tions, has charge also of all miscellaneous printing and binding for 
the Museum, in which connection 711,119 forms, labels, and other 
items were printed and 2,202 volumes were bound. 


The library of the National Museum, in common with the other 
divisions of the Smithsonian library, owes its growth largely to the 
exchange of publications between the Institution and its branches and 
other learned institutions and societies throughout the world. These 
publications come to the library direct, or through the International 
Exchange Service, which is administered by the Institution. During 
the last fiscal year 31,647 packages of one or more publications each 
came by mail and 7,459 through the exchange. This was an increase 
of more than 1,200 packages over the year before, and testified to the 
generous response made to the letters prepared by the library asking 
for numbers missing from its sets, or proposing or accepting exchange 
relations with new societies. After the 39,106 packages had been 
opened, the items were stamped, entered, and sent to the appropriate 
divisions of the library, but chiefly to the Smithsonian deposit in the 
Library of Congress and the library of the National Museum. 

During the year 2,492 volumes and 1,299 pamphlets were added to 
the Museum library, representing an increase in accessions of more 
than 20 per cent over the year before, and giving the library a total 
of 69,300 volumes and 105,716 pamphlets. Most of the accessions 
came, as has been said, by exchange; others came by gift, especially 
from the Library of Congress, which was generous enough to send 
from its collection of duplicates 512 volumes and 1,926 parts of vol- 


umes needed by the library, Otlier important gifts were made by 
the late Secretary Walcott, Dr. W. H. Holmes, and Dr. C. W. Rich- 
mond. Among the 71 volumes and 73 pamphlets given by Doctor 
Holmes was a manuscript volume of letters that scores of his friends 
in America and abroad had written to him on his eightieth birthday. 
This volume, together with several others of personal interest given 
by Doctor Holmes, was assigned to the library of the National Gallery 
of Art. Some of the other donors were Assistant Secretary Wetmore, 
Dr. J. M. Aldrich, A. H. Clark, the late Dr. W. H. Dall, Dr. O. P. 
Hay, Dr. Walter Hough, Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, N. M. Judd, Dr. W. R. 
Maxon, Dr. G. P. Merrill, G. S. Miller, A. J. Olmsted, J. U. Perkins, 
Miss M. J. Rathbun, and J. H. Riley. 

In the course of the year 12,274 parts of periodicals were entered, 
710 volumes and 948 pamphlets were catalogued, and 4,818 cards were 
added to the shelf list. One of the most important pieces of work 
was the preparation of nearly 2,000 volumes for binding, of which 
1,439 were sent to the binder, and 1,183 on their return checked, ac- 
cessioned, and shelved. The loans to members of the scientific staff 
totaled 4,316, of which 1,721 were borrowed from the Library of 
Congress and 137 elsewhere. The other loans numbered 198, made 
chiefly to Government libraries and libraries outside of Washington. 
Loans of especial interest, as the items were rare in this country, were 
made to the California Academy of Sciences, the University of Wis- 
consin, and Johns Hopkins University. To the last were sent 104 
titles in paleobotany. Thousands of publications were consulted in 
the reference room, both by members of the staff and by other research 
workers, including a number from foreign countries. 

In addition to the regular work of the year, several important 
special tasks were undertaken. The intensive effort to complete 
broken sets of periodicals, begun last year, was continued with excel- 
lent results. A beginning was also made toward cataloguing some of 
the special collections in the sectional libraries. Among the others 
were the filing of 30,866 cards in the methodical and alphabetic sets of 
the Concilium Bibliographicum, which was almost twice the number 
filed the year before ; the final checking of the holdings of the library 
for the forthcoming Union List of Serials; and the preparation, in 
connection with the other divisions of the Smithsonian library, of an 
exhibit of books for the conference on the future held at the Institu- 
tion last February. 

The number of sectional libraries in the Museum is now 37. These 
represent important working units of the main library. They are^ as 
follows : 

Administration. Anthropology. 

Administrative assistant's office. Biology. 

American archeology. Birds. 


Botany. Mineral technology. 

Bchinoderms. Mollusks. 

Editor's office. National Gallery of Art. 

Ethnology. Old World archeology. 

Fishes. Organic chemistry. 

Foods. Paleobotany. 

Geology. Photography, 

Graphic arts. Physical anthropology. 

History. Property clerk's office. 

Insects. : Reptiles and batrachians. 

Invertebrate paleontology. i Superintendent's office. 
Mammals. Taxidermy. 

Marine invertebrates. i Textiles. 

Mechanical technology. | Vertebrate paleontology. 
Medicine. Wood technology. 

Minerals. I 

The technological library, which is located in the Old Museum 
Building, concerns itself chiefly with the useful arts and industries. 
During the past year the work of reorganization that was begun two 
years before was continued, but, owing to the increasing difficulty of 
the task and the lack of help, was not completed. The shelf list was 
finished, however, by the addition of 2,500 cards, and an excellent 
beginning made on the inventory. Many duplicates were removed 
to the west stacks of the Smithsonian Building, together with a large 
number of Government publications and publications of various 
States not needed in the Library. These will be disposed of later. 
Their removal from the old museum building has materially increased 
the space available for collections necessary to the work of the 
curators. The loans numbered 450. 

The library of the National Gallery of Art, which is at present 
administered as a sectional library of the National Museum, is in 
reality one of the ten divisions of the Smithsonian library, and as 
such is entitled to a place by itself in the annual report of the Libra- 
rian. This library increased during the year by 123 volumes, 738 
parts of volumes, and 120 pamphlets. It now totals 704 volumes and 
785 pamphlets. The most important gift of the year was made by 
Dr. William H. Holmes, director of the gallery. It has already been 
spoken of among the accessions to the library of the National 

On the whole, the year was one of progress toward solving the 
problems which have arisen in connection with the work of reorgan- 
izing the Museum library that was begun three years ago. But the 
progress would have been far greater if funds had been at hand for 
buying books and periodicals needed by the curators, for supplying 
in the standard sets the missing numbers that can not be obtained by 
exchange, and for employing enough trained workers to make avail- 


able at the earliest possible moment the thousands of volumes and 
pamphlets now lying useless on the shelves. For these purposes the 
library is in serious need of funds. 


The photographic laboratory of the Museum, with but three em- 
ployees, reports as the work of the year the making of 1,577 nega- 
tives, 11,971 prints, 310 lantern slides, 71 enlargements, and 2 trans- 
parencies; the development of 120 field negatives, 63 rolls, and 22 
film packs; the mounting of 831 prints and 32 prints bleached for 
drawing. These were required for illustrations in publications or 
for record purposes in the National Museum and the National Gal- 
lery of Art. The Museum through a cooperative arrangement serves 
the Gallery along these lines. 


Building repairs and alterations. — In the Natural History Build- 
ing the most important work accomplished was the repainting of 
the exterior surfaces of all metal window sashes on the first and 
second floors; the remodeling of the public comfort room for men 
on the ground floor ; and the painting of concrete floors in corridors 
and at the west entrance, ground floor. The walls and ceiling of the 
bird storage room on the third floor were painted white, greatly im- 
proving the lighting and facilitating work in all parts of the space. 
Minor repairs were made to the w^all of the east freight elevator 
shaft and to walls and ceilings in various offices on the ground and 
third floors. 

In the Arts and Industries Building the worn-out copper down- 
spouts leading from the upper to the lower roofs were replaced by 
galvanized-iron spouts. The tin roofs over the four courts, the north 
and the west halls, sections of the rotunda, and over the restaurant 
were given a coat of metallic paint. New wire screens were installed 
in windows of the exhibition halls, and new awnings were provided 
for the skylight over the restaurant. In the interior, portions of the 
walls in several exhibition halls were pointed up and painted, -and 
the wooden floor in a small storage room was renewed. 

In connection with the Smithsonian Building the most important 
work was the repairing and painting of the exterior of all window 
sashes and doors; the completion of the remodeling of the disburs- 
ing offices, begun in 1926, to provide greater protection on pay day; 
the painting of the public comfort room for men ; and the attaching 
of safety treads on the oak steps leading from the first floor to the 
basement of the north tower. 


The roof and the exterior of two sides of the metal Aircraft Build- 
ing were painted, and the other two sides were touched up where 

Heat, light, aiid power 'plaiit. — The power plant, which was closed 
down for the summer, as customary, was put in operation on Septem- 
ber 20, 1926, and continued until May 2^, 1927. 

The plant has been in operation nearly 18 years, during which 
time a number of major repairs have been made to the main generat- 
ing unit, which consists of three 250 and one 125 horsepower engines. 
The new steam valves installed on the large units in 1926 have in- 
creased somewhat their efficiency and have made it possible to carry 
somewhat heavier loads than heretofore. New pistons, complete with 
rings, rods, and packing, have now been installed on these units, 
which will add to their smooth and continuous operation. The 
Taylor mechanical stokers have required somewhat less attention 
than previously, due partly to the installation of new gear cases on 
two of the boilers. 

The boilers were given annual inspection, as usual, by the Steam- 
boat Inspection Service and reported in good condition. The new 
feed water connections requested by the inspector the preceding year 
were changed to meet his approval. 

In the operation of the plant, 3,329 tons of bituminous coal were 
used during the year, which is slightly less than consumed in 1926. 
The cost of coal averaged $5.78 a ton, which exceeds that of the 
previous year, when the cost was only $5.57 a ton. 

Electric current generated during the year totaled 686,041 kilo- 
watt hours, at a cost of 1.97 cents for the kilowatt hour if interest 
on plant and depreciation are included, or 1.68 cents for the 
kilowatt hour if not included. It should be noted that the cur- 
rent produced approaches 600,000 kilowatt hours which, for the 
time the plant is in operation, is about all that can be produced. 
During the summer when the plant is not in operation, current for 
power and light is purchased from a commercial concern under 
contract made by the Treasury Department. 

The ice plant in operation for 3,413 hours produced 368 tons of 
ice, which was sufficient to meet the needs of all the buildings of 
the Institution in the Smithsonian Park. The cost of ice, including 
labor and supplies, replacement of cans, new drive chain, and the 
depreciation on the ammonia compressor purchased during the year 
1926, was $2.49 a ton. Thus the Museum manufactured ice at 50 per 
cent less than the contract price on the general supply schedule, the 
amount saved for the year being approximately $1,000. 

The labor turnover in connection with the heating, lighting, and 
power plant has been greater than ever before. Even during the 
World War, when labor was scarce, there was no such considerable 


turnover in the boiler-room force as has been the case this year. 
Until the salary rates for firemen and many of the other employees, 
as well as for skilled mechanics, can be substantially increased, work 
will continue to be greatly handicapped. 

The plant in the Natural History Building,, when installed about 
1910, was designed to care for the Smithsonian Building, the Nat- 
ural History Building, and the Arts and Industries Building. Since 
then the heating and lighting and ventilating of the Freer Gallery 
of Art and of the Aircraft Building have been added. This has 
necessitated supplementing the main plant by using the old boilers 
in the Arts and Industries Building during the severest winter 
weather. The plant has always been operated with an absolute 
minumum of employees, and as a matter of economy the Museum 
has relied upon obtaining temporary help for about four months each 
year to run this additional unit. Experience has shown, however, 
that it is impossible to secure suitable temporary employees because 
of the low salary grades maintaining at the Museum and since all 
appointees must enter the service at the minimum of the grade. 
Temporary employees are not granted sick or annual leave, which 
further detracts from the service. Under these conditions it is 
absolutely necessary for the Museum to have an additional permanent 
engineer, a fireman, and an elevator conductor, in order that the 
plant may be efficiently operated. 

Furniture and -fixtures. — The furniture added during the year 
included 13 exhibition cases and bases; 253 pieces of storage, labor- 
atory, and office furniture; and 1,572 drawers of various kinds. Dur- 
ing the same period 12 exhibition cases and bases, 7 pieces of storage, 
laboratory, and office furniture, and 180 wing frames were condemned 
as unfit for further use. An inventory of furniture on hand Jime 
30, 1927, shows 3,715 exhibition cases and bases; 12,364 pieces of 
storage, laboratory and office furniture ; 51,235 wooden unit drawers ; 
4,712 metal unit drawers; 14,544 insect drawers; 18,933 special 
drawers; 1,185 wooden boxes; and 533 wing frames. 


The United States National Museum, with its fully equipped audi- 
torium and lecture room, is precluded by its limited maintenance 
funds from initiating courses of lectures in its own behalf. It freely 
offers its meeting facilities, however, to other organizations of 
kindred purposes for their regular and special gatherings and assists 
so far as possible in carrying out their programs. The auditorium 
and lecture room were utilized on 114 such occasions during the year. 
The contacts made and the variety of interests served will be seen 
from the following list of organizations using these facilities, and the 
names of speakers and titles of lectures delivered. 



July 16, 8 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 

July 31, 2 p. m. (room 43) : Southwestern College, Winfield, Kans. Meeting 
of special class under supervision of William M. Goldsmith. 

August 11, 7 p. m. (auditorium) : National Association of the Deaf. Exhibi- 
tion of motion pictures of the World War and two reels in deaf and dumb 

August 20, 8 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 

August 24, 8.30 p. m. (auditorium) : The Mississippi Society of Washington. 
Addresses by Hon. Dennis Murphy, lieutenant governor of Mississippi, and 
others. Exhibition of motion pictures and concert by quartet. 

September 14, 8.30 p. m. (auditorium) : International Union of Pure and Ap- 
plied Chemistry. Seventh International Conference. Illustrated address by 
M. le Prince Ginori Conti, president of the Italian Society of General and 
Applied Chemistry, Florence, Italy, on " The utilization of geothermal power 
in Tuscany." 

September 17, 8 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 

September 25, 9.30 a. m. (room 43) : Federal Horticultural Board, United States 
Department of Agriculture. Hearing to consider the advisability of extend- 
ing the Japanese beetle quarantine to include the States of New York and 

October 6, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Department 
of Agriculture. Talk by Shirley W. Allen on " Western forests." 

October 6, 3 p. m. (room 43) : Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. Illustrated lecture by Dr. E. van Slogteren of the 
Laboratorium voor Bloembollen Ondersoek, Lisse, Netherlands, on " Bulbs 
and insects in Holland." 

October 7, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. Ad- 
dresses by Dr. J. M. Aldrich on " Collecting diptera in Guatemala," and by 
0. T. Greene on " Hunting fruit flies in Panama." 

October 11, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Anthropological Society of Washington. 
Address by Dr. Alea HrdliSka : " Explorations in Alaska and Northeast 

October 12, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

October 12, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated 
lecture by Maj. U. S. Grant on " Development of Washington, D. C, and its 

October 15, 8 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 

October 30, 11 a. m. (room 43) : Girl Scouts. Address by Dr. Paul Bartsch. 

November 4, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. 
Illustrated lecture by H. E. Ewing on " Recent developments of chiggers and 
their control." 

November 9, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

November 9, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Address by 
C. A. Reed on " Growing nuts in America and China." 

November 16, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Anthropological Society of Washington. 
Illustrated lecture by Dr. J. W. Fewkes, "An account of field work." 

November 27, 5 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 

December 1, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 

December 2, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. 
Business meeting, with election of officers. Addresses by E. A. Richmond 
on " Olfactory response of the Japanese beetle; " by S. E. Crumb on " General 
observations on ehemotropism in insects," and by Perez Simmons on "The 
ability of the larvae of the cheese skipper to endure unfavorable conditions." 


December 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, and 13, 10 a. m. (room 43) : Aeronautical Society. 

Address by Dr. Theodore von Karman. 
December 14, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 
December 14, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated 

lecture by Professor Zimmerman of the Maryland Agricultural CoUege on 

" Propagating plants." 
December 14, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : American Institute of Electrical Engineers 

and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Joint meeting, with address 

by W. C. D. Elgin, vice president and general manager of the Philadelphia 

Electrical Co., on " Conowingo hydroelectric development." 
December 16, 3 p. m. (room 43) : Smithsonian staff. Illustrated lecture by 

H. D. Skinner, of Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand, on "Anthropology." 
December 17, 8 p. m. (room 43) : Vivarium Society. Regular meeting. 
December 21, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Anthropological Society of "Washington. 


January 6, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. Ad- 
dresses by Dr. J. M. Aldrieh, retiring president, and by Dr. L. O. Howard on 
" J. H. Patton and his work." 

January 10, 2 p. m. (room 43) : Art section of the Twentieth Century Club. 
Address on "Art," by Dr. Walter Hough, introduced by Dr. Alexander 

January 11, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

January 11, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated 
address by Dr. F. V. Coville on "The cultivation of ericaceous plants." 

January 12, 8.15 p. m. (room 43) : The Wild Flower Preservation Society. 
Annual meeting and election of oflBcers. Reports on summer trips by 

January 18, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Anthropological Society of Washington. 
Annual meeting, with address by Warren K. Moorhead on "The prehistoric 
mound builders." 

January 20, 10 a. m. (auditorium) : Biological Survey; United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. Conference to consider revising rules and regulations 
for protection of game. 

January 21, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium): Forest Service, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. Address by A. G. Hamel on " Forestry." 

January 21, 4.30 p. m. (auditorium) : Vivarium Society. Address by Dr. Wil- 
liam Mann, director of the National Zoological Park, on " The Smithsonian- 
Chrysler African expedition," illustrated with motion pictures. 

January 28, 8 p. m. (auditorium): SpanLsh-American War Veterans. Recep- 
tion in honor of the ambassador from Cuba, Senor Dr. Orestes Ferrara, and 
Senator R. W. Means, of Colorado, on the anniversary of the birth of Jos6 
Marti, the Cuban patriot. Addresses were made by the ambassador and the 
Senator. Motion pictures were shown and music rendered by the Army 

February 2, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Wild Flower Preservation Society. Illus- 
trated lecture by Dr. Edgar T. Wherry on "The selection of a national 

February 3, 4.45 p. m. (room 43): Anthropological Society of Washington. 
Address by Mrs. Zelia Nuttall on " New light on ancient calendars." 

February 3, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. 
Address by A. L. Quaintance : " Synopsis on arsenical residues." 

February 5, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : Audubon Society of the District of Colum- 
bia. Business meeting, with election of officers. Illustrated lecture by 
Alden H. Hadley, on " Birds and conservation." 


February 8, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

February 8, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Business 

February 10, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : American War Mothers. A patriotic 
gathering, with vocal and instrumental music and addresses. 

February 15, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : National Aeronautic Association. Illus- 
trated address by Maj. L. D. Gardner on " Twenty-one thousand miles 
over the airways of Europe." 

February 22, 10 a. m. (auditorium) : Masonic Club of the District of Columbia. 
Celebration of Washington's birthday. Address by Hon. A. M. Free, member 
of Congress from California, on " The life of George Washington and 

February 23, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Wild Flovv'er preservation Society. Il- 
lustrated address by Dr. Edgar T. Wherry on " Rediscovering lost wild 

February 26, 1 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Address 
by Dr. H. E. Ewing on " Ticks." 

March 3, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. Illus- 
trated address by C. A. Weigel on " Hot water bulb sterilizer," and W. H, 
White on " The pea aphis problem." 

March 8, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Department 
of Agriculture. Illustrated address by Dr. Raphael Zon on " What is a 

March 8, 3.30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Address 
by Dr. Harrison G. Dyar on " Mosquitoes." 

March 8, 4.30 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry." 

March 8, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated 
lecture by Edwin 0. Powell on " Grapes for the home garden." 

March 10 and 15, 3.30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. 
Addresses by Dr. J. M. Aldrich on " Insects." 

March 15, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : The Botanical Society of Washington. Ad- 
dressed by Dr. E. W. Berry on " The first land plants " ; by C. C. Plitt 
on " The altitudinal distribution of lichens in the Blue Mountains of 
Jamaica " ; and by B. E. Livingston on " The water supplying power as re- 
lated to the condition of a lawn in Baltimore ", and by D. S. Johnson op 
" Seventeen years of revegetation of a denuded tropical valley." 

March 16, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Wild Flower Preservation Society. Illus- 
trated lecture by P. L. Ricker on " Native wild flowers." 

March 17, 3 30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Illustrated 
address by Dr. C. W. Stiles on " Hook worms." 

March 17, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Anthropological Society of "Washington. Talk 
by M. W. Stirling on " The Stirling expedition into Dutch New Guinea." 

March 22, 3.30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Address 
by Dr. Maurice C. Hall on " Treatment of hook-worm disease." 

March 24, 4 30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Address 
by Dr. L. O. Howard on " Some of the men in the world who have done some- 
thing worth while." 

March 29, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : Extension Work, United States Department 
of Agriculture. Address by Dr. L. O. Howard on " Research work in ento- 

March 31, 3.30 p. m. (room 43) : Howard University Medical School. Address 
by Miss Doris M. Cochran on " Reptiles." 

April 5, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Department 
of Agriculture. Address by O. C. Bradeen of the Forest Service on " Supplies 
of the Forest Service." 


April 5, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : The Botanical Society of Washington. Illus- 
trated lecture by Prof. J. H. Priestly, of the University of Leeds, England, 
on " Light and growth of plants." 

April 9, 7.45 p. m. (auditorium) : Fourth National Oratorical Contest and 
Second International Oratorical Contest. Orations delivered by pupils of 
private and parochial schools in the Washington Star area. Music rendered 
by the Pov?ell Junior High School orchestra. 

April 12, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

April 12, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated lec- 
ture by P. H. Dorset, of the United States Department of Agriculture, on 
" Plant hunting in northeastern China." 

April 16, 2.30 p. m. (room 43) : Daughters of the American Revolution. 

April 19 to 21 : District of Columbia Dental Society. Dental educational cam- 
paign for better teeth — better health. Auditorium used at regular intervals 
during daytime for exhibition of motion pictures, with music, illustrating how 
a child would feel whose teeth are in bad condition, and on the evening of 
the 19th for a meeting to award prizes for the winning dental poster and a 
play, by the pupils of Park View Public School, entitled " Bad baby molar." 
The auditorium lobby and the adjacent foyer also were utilized during this 
week for displaying special exhibits on the subject prepared by the United 
States Public Health Service, United States Army, United States Navy, 
Children's Bureau of the United States Department of Labor, Division of 
Physical Anthropology of the United States National Museum, the Baltimore 
College of Dental Surgery of the University of Maryland, Public School 
Dental Clinic of the District of Columbia Health Department, District of 
Columbia Dental Hygienist Association, and the District of Columbia Dental 

April 20, 8 p. m, (auditorium) : Washington Society of Engineers. Address 
by R. H. Sargent, United States Geological Survey, on "The Alaskan aerial 
survey expedition of 1926, under the leadership of Lieut. B. H. Wyatt, 
United States Navy," illustrated with motion pictures. 

April 26, 2 p. m. (auditorium) : District of Columbia Public Schools and United 
States Forest Service. Illustrated address by C. E. Rachford of the United 
States Department of Agriculture on " Growth and destruction of the 

April 26, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : American Dairy Federation. Extension Work, 
United States Department of Agriculture. Addresses by R. W. Dunlap, Assist- 
ant Secretary, Department of Agriculture; by A. F. Woods on "Research 
work of the department " ; and by Dr. J. N. Mohler on " Progress of T. B. 
eradication." Exhibition of motion pictures by Department of Agriculture 
motion-picture service. 

April 30, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : Daughters of the American Ifevolution, con- 
servation and thrift committee. Illustrated lecture by Herbert N. Wheeler 
on " The lure of the forest." 

May 3, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Department of 
Agriculture. Exhibition of motion pictures illustrating the Alaskan fisheries, 
game and forest, and vocal music by employees of the service. 

May 4, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Fourth national oratorical contest and 
second international oratorical contest. Addresses by three competitors — 
John Oscar Bell, jr., William Alexander Loker, and Miss Bessie Cush-^ 
representing the Lee High School, Ballston, Va. ; Leonard Hall School, 
Leonardtowm, Md. ; and Notre Dame Academy, Washington, D. C. 


May 5, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. Ad- 
dresses by C. F. White and W. E. Dove on " The creeping eruption " ; and 
by P. W. Mason on " Discussion on the specialization of aphids from general 
feeders to monoxenous feeders." 

May 10, 4.45 p. m. (room 43) : Society for Philosophical Inquiry. 

May 10, 8 p. m. (room 43) : American Horticultural Society. Illustrated 
lecture by Dr. L. C. Corbett on "Production of vegetables in the United 

May 14, 10 a. m. (room 43) : Girl Scouts. 

May 18, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : Washington Philatelic Society. Illustrated 
address by Capt. I. C. Aker, United States Army, on " The flight of United 
States Army airplanes to South America." 

May 28, 7.30 a. m. (room 43) : George Washington University students. Meet- 
ing under leadership of Dr. Paul Bartsch. 

May 28, 3.30 p. m. (auditorium) : Federal Post No. 824, Veterans of Foreign 
Wars. Annual Memorial Service. Address by Dr. A. F. Woods, and music 
by the Navy band. 

June 1, 11.30 a. m. (auditorium) : Forest Service, United States Department 
of Agriculture. Illustrated address by E. E. Carter on "The Black Hills." 

June 2, 8 p. m. (room 43) : The Entomological Society of Washington. Notes 
and exhibition of specimens. 

June 10, 3.30 p. m. (auditorium) : Extension Service, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. Illustrated lecture by Sir John Russell, director of the 
Rothamsted Experiment Station, England, on " Soils and plants." 

June 16 to 23: Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture. 
Conference of the National Farm Boys and Girls 4-H Club. Auditorium, 
used for 10 general sessions and room 43 for 6 conferences of State leaders 
and special committee meetings. The program included an address of 
welcome by Hon. W. M. Jardine, Secretary of Agriculture; addresses by 
Mrs. Maole Walker Willebrandt, Assistant Attorney General; Dr. William 
M. Mann, director of the National Zoological Park ; J. J. Tigert, United 
States Commissioner of Education ; Hon. J. B. Aswell of Louisiana, and 
Dr. W. S. Abernethy, and an exhibition of motion pictures of birds. 

June 20, 9.50 a. m. (room 43) : Federal Agricultural Board, United States De- 
partment of Agriculture. Public hearing to consider the advisability of 
quarantining the State of Texas on account of the Morelos orange worm. 

June 23, 8 p. m. (auditorium) : Finals in the third annual national spelling 
bee under the auspices of the Courier-Journal, Louisville, Ky., and 16 asso- 
ciated newspapers, presided over by Hon. John H. Bartlett, First Assistant 
Postmaster General. First prize was won by Dean Lucas, of West Salem, 

The A7n0rica7i Association of Musewm. — The twenty-second an- 
nual meeting of the American Association of Museums convened in 
"Washington, D. C, from May 23 to 25, 1927. The opening session 
on the forenoon of May 23 was held in one of the graphic art exhi- 
bition halls of the National Museum in the Smithsonian Building, 
where a temporary meeting place was arranged. This session was 
devoted to the subject " National problems of museums." The presi- 
dent of the association, Chauncey J. Hamlin, presided, and the dele- 
gates were welcomed by the Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian 
Institution, Dr. C. G. Abbot, who then addressed the assembly on 


" The relation of the National Museum to the museums of the 
Nation." Paul M. Eea, director of The Cleveland Museum of Na- 
tional History, presented the report of the committee on museum 
finance. Other sessions of the convention were held elsewhere. 

Receptions. — Three evening receptions were held in the Museum 
during the year. 

The first floor of the Natural History Building was thrown open 
for a reception on September 14, 1926, to delegates to the Seventh 
International Conference of the International Union of Pure and 
Applied Chemistry and to members of the diplomatic corps of the 
countries belonging to the union. This followed the lecture by M. le 
Prince Ginori Conti earlier in the evening in the auditorium. Dr. 
William J. Hale, of the National Kesearch Council, was in charge 
of the arrangements. Dr. Alexander Wetmore, assistant secretary, 
represented the Smithsonian Institution on the receiving line. 

On April 19, 1927, the National Gallery of Art and the other 
halls on the first floor of the Natural History Building were the 
setting for a reception to the Daughters of the American Revolution 
who were gathering in Washington for their annual convention. 
Music for the occasion was furnished by the Army band. 

On the evening of June 20, 1927, the exhibition halls on the first 
and second floors of the Natural History Building were opened for 
a reception to the delegates and guests of the First International 
Congress of Soil Science, the Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian 
Institution, Dr. C. G. Abbot, heading the receiving line, 


The organization of the Museum remained unchanged through- 
out the year, but the changes in the scientific staff included the loss 
of several prominent scientists. 

In the department of anthropology, Thomas D. Stewart tem- 
porarily served as aid in the division of physical anthropology from 
December 1, 1926, to March 1, 1927, when he was permanently ap- 
pointed to the position. The appointment of Dr. George Grant 
MacCurdy as collaborator in anthropology was extended for one 
year from March 1, 1927. Miss Isobel H. Lenman, of Washington, 
D. C, who has long been a benefactor of the national collections, 
was made collaborator in ethnology on March 30, 1927. Neil M. 
Judd, curator of American archeology, was on furlough from the 
Museum from July 1 to October 31, 1926, and during Jmie, 1927, to 
direct explorations of the National Geographic Society, 

In the department of biology Miss Doris M, Cochran was ad- 
vanced from aid to assistant curator in the division of reptiles and 
batrachians on March 1, 1927. On December 11, 1926, A. Brazier 
Howell, corresponding secretary of the American Society of Mam- 


malogists, was appointed collaborator in the division of mammals; 
and Albert C. Smith was given a similar appointment in the division 
of plants for one year from October 1, 1926. 

In the department of geology Miss Margaret W. Moodey's title 
was changed on July 1, 1926, from recorder to aid ; Dr. Paul Bartsch, 
curator of moUusks in the department of biology, was given appoint- 
ment in the department of geology as curator of Cenozoic inverte- 
brates from April 18, 1927; and Dr. Joseph A. Cushman, who has 
long worked on the national collections, was appointed collaborator 
in the division of stratigraphic paleontology for six months from 
May 10, 1927. 

In the department of arts and industries, Carl W. Mitman was 
on furlough from July 1 to December 31, 1926, assisting in develop- 
ment of plans for an industrial museum for New York City, though 
he spent the week ends in Washington and continued general over- 
sight of the work of the divisions of mineral and mechanical tech- 
nology, R. C. Smith, aid in the division of graphic arts, was granted 
furlough for one year from October 8, 1926, to accept the assistant 
secretaryship of the American Association of Museums. 

The Museum was deprived by death of several important members 
of its scientific staff, all of whom had long been associated with 
the Museum. They were Dr. Charles D. Walcott, keeper of the 
Museum; Dr. William H. Dall, honorary curator of moUusks and 
associate curator of Cenozoic collection; Dr. Frank H. Knowlton, 
custodian of mesozoic plants; Dr. Paul Haupt, associate in historic 
archeology. The death of George C. McClain, for over 40 years a 
member of the mechanical force of the Museum, came during the 

Dr. Frank H. Knowlton, paleobotanist of the United States Geo- 
logical Survey and custodian of mesozoic plants in the United States 
National Museum, died on November 22, 1926. He was born in 
Brandon, Vt., September 2, 1860, and graduated at Middlebury 
College in that State in 1884. He was a born naturalist, publishing 
his first paper, A List of the Birds of Brandon, Vt., in 1878. 
Shortly after graduation he entered the employ of the National 
Museum, first being appointed aid in the old division of fossil and 
recent plants under Dr. L. F. Ward, and in 1887 being advanced to 
assistant curator of fossil plants. After several summer's field work 
with United States Geological Survey parties he began to turn his 
attention more particularly to fossil forms and made his first con- 
tribution in 1888, a description of the silicified woods of Araucarioxy- 
lon arizomcuTn in the celebrated fossil forest in Arizona. In 1889 
he was appointed assistant paleontologist on the survey, where he 
remained during the rest of his life, with the exception of a brief 
69199—27 1 


period in 1892-93. In 1894 he was appointed honorary custodian of 
mesozoic plants in the National Museum, a title that he held to the 
time of his death. In 1907 he gained the full rank of geologist on 
the survey, retaining his quarters in the National Museum where he 
had access to the collections upon which his work was based. 

Doctor Knowlton was an earnest student, in manner kindly and 
genial. For the greater part of his career he was afflicted with 
chronic bronchial asthma, which seriously interfered with his work 
but never dampened his enthusiasm nor altered his kindly dis- 

On February 2, 1888, Dr. Paul Haupt (born Gorlitz, Geimany, 
November 25, 1868), professor of the Semitic languages at Johns 
Hopkins University, of Baltimore, Md., was appointed honorary 
curator of the newly established section of oriental antiquities, and, 
with Dr. Cyrus Adler as assistant curator, began the preparation 
of a study series of casts of Assyrian and Babylonian antiquities. 
In 1898 he was appointed honorary curator of the division of his- 
toric archeology, and in 1905 associate in historic archeology, a posi- 
tion held at his death December 17, 1926. This long and active 
connection was of incalculable benefit to the Museum, as Doctor 
Haupt, a world acclaimed authority on Orientalia, was always at 
hand to give council on this subject. Doctor Haupt was a master 
of Biblical .exegesis. He was an indefatigable worket and liis 
writings on Biblical and Assyrian philology, archeology, history, 
comparative Semitic grammar, Sumerian, and similar subjects, num- 
ber more than 400. 

William Healey Dall, honorary curator of the division of mol- 
lusks and cenozoic invertebrates in the National Museum, died 
March 27, 1927. Doctor Dall was born in Boston, Mass., August 21, 
1845, and studied under Louis Agassiz at the museum in Cambridge 
during 1862 and 1863. In 1865 when a very young man he was 
appointed chief of the scientific corps of the Western Union Interna- 
tional Telegraph expedition to Alaska, a place which he held for three 
years. It was on his return from this expedition that, through the 
influence of Professor Baird, he became affiliated with the Smithsonian 
Institution, a connection which lasted 58 years. From 1870 to 1885 he 
was an assistant in the Coast Survey and spent several years in ex- 
ploration in Alaska. In 1885 he was appointed a paleontologist of 
the Geological Survey, a place which he held until his retirement 
in 1925, with office in the National Museum, where he had especial 
charge of fossil moUusks. To Doctor Dall belongs the credit for 
establishing the splendid organization, installation, and care of th6 
division of moUusks and cenozoic invertebrates in the National Mu- 
seum, which, under his leadership has grown to be the largest of its 
kind in the world. 


By Walter Hough, Head Curator 

A year of increased activity in exploration has swelled the receipt 
of specimens in this department beyond precedent. Work con- 
ducted by Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, Chief of the Bureau of American 
Ethnology, at an ancient pueblo near Flagstaff, Ariz., resulted in 
an excellent collection of material from that source. Through funds 
provided by the Bureau of American Ethnology field researches were 
made possible during the field season of 1926 ; by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, 
curator of physical anthropology, in reconnaissance of many sites 
of ancient villages in Alaska; by Herbert W. Krieger, curator of 
ethnology, at Indian sites on the upper Columbia River and in 
southern Alaska; by Henry B. Collins, jr., assistant c'urator of 
ethnology, in archeological investigations in Louisiana and Mis- 
sissippi, and in 1927 by the head curator at Indian Mound in western 
Tennessee, where a number of sites were examined that gave many 
archeological specimens. The work of Neil M. Judd, curator of 
American archeology at Pueblo Bonito, N. Mex., under funds pro- 
vided by the National Geographic Society, has been continued during 
the present year. Especially noteworthy in its importance to the 
Museum was the exploration of unknown parts of Dutch New Guinea 
by Matthew W. Stirling, formerly assistant curator of ethnology, 
thro'ugh private means supplied by Mr. Stirling and his associates. 
This enterprise, originated by Mr. Stirling, was carried out as a 
joint exploration by the Dutch Colonial government of the East 
Indies and Mr. Stirling, representing the Smithsonian. The expedi- 
tion made use of an airplane furnished by Mr. Stirling for pre- 
liminary reconnaissance and then penetrated inland across the Lake 
Plain of New Guinea to the pygmy settlements in the Nassau Moun- 
tains along river routes examined from the air. The cooperation of 
the Dutch Government in these investigations is highly appreciated. 

Parties in the field at the close of the fiscal year included Mr. 
Judd, at Pueblo Bonito; Henry B. Collins, jr., assisted by T. Dale 
Stewart, aid in the division of physical anthropology, at Nunivak 
Island, Alaska; and Herbert W. Krieger, on the Yukon River, 




Accessions in this department for the year numbered 148, 24 
more than in the previous year, while the number of specimens added 
totaled 12,974 against 4,223 in the fiscal year 1926. 

Of first importance was the collection of several thousand objects 
presented by Matthew W. Stirling and resulting from the explora- 
tion mentioned in the interior of New Guinea. This consists of 
bows and arrows, haf ted stone axes, stone knives, chisels ; woven bags, 
armor, wristlets; innumerable barbaric ornaments, necklaces, head- 
dresses; fire thongs, pipes, salt bundles, and many other objects 
secured often in series and forming a wonderful exhibit of the mate- 
rial culture of these peoples. This material is entirely new to the 
Museum collections and contains much previously unknown to 
science, especially where secured from hitherto unvisited Papuans 
and from Negritos of the Nassau range in central Dutch New Guinea. 

Current exploration and investigations in the ethnology and 
archeology of Alaska by the Bureau of American Ethnology re- 
sulted in several valuable collections. That obtained by Dr. Ales 
Hrdlicka in the summer of 1926 consisted of many ancient and mod- 
ern artifacts, much extending the Museum's fine collection from 
Alaska. In this connection material lent by Karl Lomen is impor- 
tant as it contains many specimens of etching and carving on fossil 
ivory made by extinct people belonging to some as yet undetermined 
race. A noteworthy American Indian collection received as a gift 
from C. H. Heyl, 2d., consists of valuable painted shields, head- 
dresses, paintings on skin, bows and arrows. Costumes, beadwork, 
and other objects collected by the late Col. C. ll. Heyl, United States 
Army. Several hundred specimens of Philippine ethnologica, given 
by Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, United States Army, consist of costumes, 
weapons, weavings, and other objects of value. From Miss Isobel 
H. Lenman there were received as a loan over 100 rare hea(Jdresses, 
ornaments, and other objects from the Pacific Islands. Mrs. Richard 
Wainwright also presented a number of Indian baskets, pieces of 
pottery, and stonework. 

The division of American archeology makes special mention of the 
large contribution of the National Geographic Society in material 
collected by Neil M. Judd at Pueblo Bonito, N. Mex., during his 
several seasons of successful field work. The specimens, numbering 
2,480, including many lots, consist of pottery, stone, bone, wood, and 
shell artifacts of the advanced material culture of this ancient pueblo 
whose inhabitants have passed into oblivion. The society also pre- 
sented material secured from Pueblo del Arroyo, N. Mex., from 
small house sites near Chaco Canyon, and from other pueblo sites in 
the canyon. A large collection excavated by Dr. J. Walter Fewkes 


from a ruin named Eldon Pueblo, near Flagstaff, Ariz., consisting 
principally of pottery new to the Museum, was transferred from the 
Bureau of American Ethnology. Herbert W. Krieger, exploring 
for the bureau, brought back a large collection of pottery, stone, 
and bone implements and ornaments from extended investigations of 
sites on the Upper Columbia Eiver. The field work of Henry B. 
Collins, jr., for the bureau in Louisiana and Mississippi resulted in 
important specimens. A series of earthenware vessels, stone imple- 
ments, and shards, was collected by Dr. Manuel Gamio, of Mexico, 
for the Archaeological Society of Washington, who loaned them to 
the Museum. Nine stone images from Tennessee, purchased from 
the collection of the late W. E. Myer, were transferred from the 
Bureau of American Ethnologj^ 

The most valuable addition during the year to the division of 
Old World archeology, both from archeological and artistic point 
of view, is the collection of objects of Jewish religious ceremonial 
objects, Maccabean coins, and Palestinian antiquities and art works, 
comprising manuscript scrolls of parts of the Scriptures, marriage 
contracts, lamps, and silverware used in the religious life of the 
Jews, filling out many gaps in the section of Judaism in the exhibit 
of religions, received as a loan from E. Deinard. Among other 
accessions are such rarities as a manuscript on palm spathe from the 
Battaks, a tribe living in the central highlands of Sumatra, Dutch 
East Indies, the only non-Mohammedan lettered people in the Indian 
Archipelago, presented by Miss Rose E. Fankhauser; and a mag- 
nificent Buddhist manuscript measuring 23 by 2% inches, written in 
Siamese Pali on palm leaves, held between covers which are beauti- 
fully gilded, lacquered, and ornamented with mythical animals and 
floral designs, received as a gift from the Siamese National Library, 
H. R. H. Prince Damrong, president, Bangkok, Siam, through Dr. 
Hugh M. Smith. 

In the division of phj^sical anthropology the most important 
accessions were those of the skeletal material and photographs made 
by the curator in Alaska and transferred to the Museum by the 
Bureau of American Ethnology. The collection embraced 58 Indian 
and Eskimo skeletons, 342 separate skulls, large numbers of lower 
jaws and other parts of the skeletons. The photographs, mainly por- 
traits of the natives, include several hundred, of which about 150 
were made by the curator, A further important acquisition by the 
division was a set of valuable casts of the Krapina early man, ob- 
tained through Prof. Karl Gorjanovic-Kramberger, of the Geologicko- 
Paleontologicko Museum, Zagreb, Jugoslavia. Other valuable acces- 
sions include 63 Indian crania, with some other skeletal parts, col- 
lected in mounds and burial sites of Louisiana and Mississippi by 
Henry B. Collins, jr., of the division of ethnology, and transferred by 


the Bureau of American Ethnology; a gift of 16 skulls from old 
burials in Hopkins ville, Ky., from the Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Mass., through Warren K. Moorehead. 

Accessions in the section of musical instruments consisted of two 
harpsichords in glass cases, the gift of Hugo Worch, and three old 
square pianos, also presented by Mr. Worch. 

In the section of ceramics notable accessions during the year were 
64 specimens of Chinese pottery and bronze received as a loan from 
the estate of Gen. C. F. Humphrey, United States Army; an old 
American plate decorated with a spread eagle, gift of Robert D. 
Weaver ; a copy of the oldest Worcester jug, donated by Mrs. Marian 
Bruce Clark; and pewter, snuff boxes, and a condiment set, a gift 
from Mrs. Stephen B. Stanton. 

Accessions received during the year in the section of art textiles 
consisted of several French ecclesiastical paintings of the thirteenth 
century, lent by Mrs. Alice C. Barney; an especially fine old bag 
worked with beads and silk, several snuff boxes, and embroidered 
handkerchief, presented by Mrs. Stephen B. Stanton; 15 pieces of 
lace, donated by Miss Isabella C. Freeman and Mrs. B. H. Bucking- 
ham; and an Italian white linen hand-woven towel, gift from Mrs. 
Belle Bushnell. A Duchess lace fan was received as a bequest from 
Mrs. Sophia L. Eutherford. 


Rearrangements of exhibits in ethnology were on a rather exten- 
sive scale due to the return of the collection seijit for exhibit to the 
Sesquicentennial Exposition, and also to the transfer of the Piney 
Branch quarry group to the division of archeology. The present 
exhibit was improved whenever possible by the introduction of types 
of processes or methods employed by aboriginal artisans. The an- 
tique ironwork presented by Heinrich Meyn was placed- on public 
view, cases containing Alaskan ivories, collected by Doctor Hrdlicka 
and Karl Lomen were placed in the Eskimo section, and the splendid 
collection of Moro brass lent by Maj. Edward Dworak, United 
States Army, was installed in the Philippine section. Porcelains and 
bronzes from the estate of Gen. C. F. Humphrey, United States 
Army, were exhibited in the Chinese pagodas. 

In American archeology the return of exhibits from the Sesquicen- 
tennial necessitated considerable reinstallation. A case was designed 
for the Tuxtla statuette, the oldest dated antiquity in the New 
World, to give it more effective setting, and a special case was made 
to exhibit as a transparency a photographic enlargement of one of the 
Atlantean figures from the Temple of the Warriors at Chichen Itza, 


In the division of Old World archeology additions were installed 
in the exhibit of Judaism and in the prehistoric collection from 
Palestine. In the Mohammedan case models of religious buildings 
from Sumatra were installed,, as also the lately added collection of 
Chinese and Tibetan religious specimens. The Parsee collection and 
the Warner collection of Buddhism were reinstalled. The collections 
of Paleolithic remains from France and other localities were classified 
and placed in storage. 

During the year the division of physical anthropology added to 
the public exhibits of early man ; prepared three cases of exhibits of 
Alaskan archeological material obtained by the curator last sum- 
mer ; and prepared three cases of exhibits on the variation of human 
teeth and jaws as a special exhibit from April 19 to 23 for the dental 
convention held at that time. In the office rooms it was necessary to 
rearrange a large part of the collection, due to new accessions of the 
last four years, and to endeavor, under difficulties, to keep the collec- 
tions for which no racks exist in something approaching order. 

Mr. Hugo Worch, collaborator of the section of musical instru- 
ments, prepared labels for the excellent collection of pianos given by 
him. One of the real improvements of the violin, invented by 
Emile Berliner, was tested by Mrs. Duff-Lewis before the Friday 
Morning Club with success. G. D. McCoy, of the head curator's 
office, assisted in the care of the collection of pianos. 

The art textiles and ceramics have been put under the special care 
of R. A. Allen. The Barney French church panel paintings and a 
number of small lots of laces were installed in the section of art 
textiles. Thirteen cases holding brocades are being fitted with sashes. 
Miss Edith Long rearranged the cases of the Misses Long, containing 
specimens illustrating the art of the thread. 

In the anthropological laboratory, under the direction of W. H. 
Egberts, a figure was made for the dress of Mrs. Calvin Coolidge to 
be exhibited in the period costume collection. A cast of a large iron 
meteorite was made for the department of geology, and various 
restorations and repairs of pottery were undertaken for the Bureau 
of American Ethnology. Of especial interest was the restoration of 
white salt glaze tableware from the fragments from the excavations 
around the foundation of the Washington home at Wakefield, Va. 
Much work was done on modeling and repairing lay figures. A death 
mask of the late Secretary Charles D. Walcott, made by Doctor 
Hrdlicka, was developed and appropriately mounted- on a pedestal. 
Participation in the Sesquicentennial necessitated a great amount of 
dismantling and setting up of cases of exhibits. 



Research by members of the staff in ethnology was chiefly limited 
to the study of collections obtained in the field during the previous 
season. Research by outside investigators was aided by Museum 
specimens from Polynesia, the Pueblo region, Berber, and other 
ISTorth African material, Tibetan and west Chinese collections, the 
Catlin collection, and Northwest coast designs. Much information 
was given to persons bringing in specimens and material was deter- 
mined in several instances for other museums. A number of inquiries 
concerned the preservation of ethnological material of various kinds. 
The head curator completed a research on the use of fire from the 
material in the heating and illumination collection of the Museum 
and prepared a memoir that will appear in the autumn. Dr. A. V. 
Kidder, of Phillips Academy, with Mrs. Kidder made an extended 
study of our great collection of modern Zuni Indian pottery, with 
the intention of preparing a report on the subject. Miss Irene 
Mermet of Washington was given much advice and made extensive 
use of the head curator's library in preparing for ethnological work 
in Mexico. Miss Frances Densmore completed researches on the 
collection of musical instruments and finished the manuscript of a 
handbook dealing with this subject which was printed. M. R. Har- 
rington, of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 
New York City, arranged for study of the costume collection with a 
view of publishing a work on the subject of American Indian cos- 
tume. Miss Mary Lois Kissell, of the American Museum of Natural 
History, New York City, studied the material on Salish weavings 
for a paper for the Bureau of American Ethnology. H. D. Skinner, 
of Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand, on a traveling fellow- 
ship from Oxford, made a study of the Polynesian collections of the 
Museum, especially those of the Maori. 

Individual Boy Scouts were aided with advice as to fire making. 
The custom houses of Georgetown and Baltimore were aided in de- 
termining the age of materials passing through customs. 

In the division of American archeology at the time of this report 
the curator, Mr. Judd, is directing the National Geographic Society's 
explor'ations in Pueblo Bonito. Among investigators from other 
institutions who have visited the Museum for examination and study 
of its archeological collections may be mentioned Dr. and Mrs. A. V. 
Kidder and Warren K. Moorehead, of the Peabody Museum at Phil- 
lips Academy, Andover, Mass.; Superintendent and Mrs. Jesse L. 
Nusbaum, of the Mesa Verde National Park, Colo. ; Dr. W. B. Hins^ 
dale, of the department of anthropology. University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor, Mich.; H. C. Shetrone, of the Ohio State Historical 
Society, Columbus, Ohio; S. W. McCallie, State geologist, Atlanta, 
Ga. ; E. H. Morris and Karl Rui)pert, Carnegie Institution of Wash- 


ington ; Mrs. Zelia Nuttali, Casa Alvarado, Coyoacan, D. F., Mexico ; 
and Dr. Manuel Gamio, former director of antiquities, Mexico City. 
In addition, Miss J. Dolores Calahan, of the National Geographic 
Society's Pueblo Bonito expedition, beginning March 1, was engaged 
in work on the expedition's collections. Twenty lots of material were 
received for examination and report. As opportunty offered the 
curator has, at his own expense, visited other institutions for study of 
their archeological collections. These have included the New Mexico 
State Museum at Santa Fe ; the Arizona State Museum at Tucson ; 
the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, Calif. ; the University Museum 
and the Academy of Science, Philadelphia Pa.; the Museum of the 
American Indians, Heye Foundation, and the American Museum of 
Natural History, in New York City, and the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences. During the early part of March the curator 
visited the Etowah Mound group, near Cartersville, Ga., where Mr. 
Moorehead, of the Peabody Museum, Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Mass., was conducting explorations. As a result of this brief sojourti 
the Museum's collections from Etowah Mound may shortly be 
exhibited to greater advantage. 

Warren K. Moorehead made a census of the stone implements in 
our collections, a work in which he expects to cover the museums of 
the country. P. E. Cox, State archeologist of Tennessee, advised 
with the Museum as to problems encountered in his work. Dr. 
Manuel Gamio, distinguished archeologist of Mexico, spent much 
time in the Museum writing a report on his collections from old 
sites in Guatemala, where he explored for the Archaeological Society 
of Washington. 

The time of the assistant curator in charge of the division of Old 
World archeology was mainly occupied in the study of the collections 
concerning historic religions and in the preparation of a publication 
on the subject. Henry Field, of the Field Museum of Natural His- 
tory, Chicago, 111., examined the prehistoric collections of the 

Eesearch by the curator of physical anthropology has been con- 
tinued in the two major lines of man's evolution and antiquity and 
of the origin and antiquity of the American aborigines. In addition, 
a survey was made, at a request of the " Committee on the Negro " of 
the National Research Council, of what has been done to date on the 
anthropology of the American negro. Henry B. Collins, jr., of the 
division of ethnology, conducted an investigation on the temporo- 
frontal articulation in the human skull. Among researches carried 
on with our material, under the curator's guidance that have been 
completed and published, may be mentioned those of C. J. Connolly, 
of the Catholic University, Washington, D. C, On the Location of the 
Nasion, and On the Relation of the Orbital Plane in the Human 
Skull to Position of Teeth. In addition, the following have carried 


on investigations in this division : Dr. E. R. Reynolds, of Boston, 
Mass., November 3, 1926, to February 24, 1927, anthropological 
studies on the pelvis; Dr. Francis W. Nash, of Washington, D. C, 
November 5, 1926, and subsequently, study of jaws and teeth; Dr. 
E. C. Kirk, Philadelphia, Pa., March 29 to April 2, 1927, study of 
jaws; Miss Frances Dennets, Brown University, March 30-31, in- 
struction in anthropometry; Miss Alice M. Townsley, Brown Uni- 
versity, May 2-6, 1927, instruction in anthropometry; and Dr. A. 
Wolfson, East Orange, N. J., June 7-8, 1927, facial anthropology. 

From duplicate specimens the division has furnished 42 Indian 
teeth and 26 old Egyptian teeth to Dr. T. Okumura, Dean of the 
Tokyo Dental College, and casts of Ameghino's " diprothomo," " tet- 
raprothomo," and " tertiary " atlas to Prof. J. Matiegka, Chief of the 
Anthropological Institute, Prague, Czechoslovakia. 

The head curator read a paper on dolls and anthropomorphic 
images before the meetings of the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science in Philadelphia which attracted wide attention, 
and a popularized article on the subject appeared later in the Sun- 
day New York Times. A tentative plan for an exhibit for the 
exposition to be held in October 1928 in Seville, Spain, was drawn 
up by the head curator to cover in part the proposed participation of 
the Smithsonian. 

Among distinguished visitors in the department were four mem- 
bers of the faculty and administration of the University of Paris, 
who considered the exhibit series unique and excellent. Dr. H. H. 
JuynboU, Director of the Leiden Museum inspected the collections. 


During the year the division of ethnology presented the Henry 
Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich., with 47 patent models of lamps. 
Exchanges made during the same period comprised six sendings 
totaling 97 specimens, as follows: The Amerindian Museum, Pater- 
son, N. J., 4 specimens of American Indian handiwork; National 
Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark, 50 pieces of American Indian ethno- 
logica from North America and Panama; H. T. Harding, Walla 
Walla, Wash., 8 specimens of basketry, pottery, and similar material 
from the Indians of the western United States; W. T. Jewell, East 
Falls Church, Va., a Philippine kris; Public Library, Museum, and 
Art Galley, Perth, Australia, 33 pieces of North and South American 
pottery, and J. T. Watkins, Lakeport, Calif., a bed-warming pan. 
Four loans have been made as follows : New Public Library, Birming- 
ham, Ala., 47 specimens of Eskimo and Chinese handicraft; Florida 
State College for Women, Tallahassee, Fla., 11 ceremonial objects of 
carved wood from Alaska, British Columbia, United States, and 
Panama; New Haven Progress Exposition, New Haven. Conn., 14 


examples of pewter ware from Europe and the United States; and 
the Public Library, Washington, D. C, T4 specimens of Oriental art, 
Mrs. George Kennan, Medina, N. Y., withdrew seven weapons from 
her collection on exhibit. 

Six lots of material have gone out from the division of American 
archeology during the year to aid other institutions : To the Indian 
Museum, Calcutta, India, 94 aboriginal stone implements in exchange 
for similar material for the division of Old World archeology; to 
the National Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21 archeological speci- 
mens in exchange for ethnological material ; to the Hastings Museum, 
Hastings, Nebr., 96 stone implements from the United States and 
the West Indies, as gifts ; to W. C. Marsh, Anchorage, Alaska, cast of 
a leaf -shaped flint blade in exchange for the original; to the South- 
west Museum, Los Angeles, Calif., a lot of miscellaneous potsherds, 
unaccessioned, from Eldon Pueblo, near Flagstaff, Ariz.; and to 
the North Carolina State Museum at Kaleigh, casts of a bannerstone 
and a steatite bowl in exchange for the courtesy of reproducing the 
originals for the national collections. 

The division of physical anthropology forwarded as a gift 11 
samples of human hair to Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, 
Mass., and loaned a human skull to the Office of Motion Pictures, 
United States Department of Agriculture. A human skull, prob- 
ably a mix-blood, from Cuba was exchanged with W. H. Egberts for 
the skull of a white man. 


There were 148 accessions with the remarkably large total of 12,974 
specimens received in the department of anthropology during the 
year just ended. Of these, 10 accessions, comprising 755 specimens, 
were loans, the permanent accretion to the national collections being 
12,219 specimens, as compared with 4,005 specimens for the previous 
year. The additions were distributed as follows: Ethnology, 57 
accessions with 6,648 specimens; American archeology, 44 accessions 
and 5,039 specimens; Old World archeology, 13 accessions of 1,546 
specimens; physical anthropology, 36 accessions with 638 specimens; 
musical instruments, 3 accessions and 5 specimens; ceramics, 5 acces- 
sions of 74 specimens ; and art textiles, 7 accessions with 24 specimens. 

On June 30, 1927, the total number of specimens in the department 
was 668,312, as follows: 

Ethnology 164, 032 

American archeology 429, 515 

Old World archeology 34,903 

Physical anthropology 30, 531 

Musical instruments 2,068 

Ceramics 5, 824 

Art textiles 1,439 

Total 668, 312 


By Leonhard Stejneger, Head Curator 

The main efforts of the staff of this department during the past 
fiscal year have of necessity been confined to the preservation of the 
steadily growing collections. It is a matter of congratulation that 
no serious arrears are to be reported in this work, though this result 
has been achieved often at the expense of the research work of the 
divisions, as the members of the scientific staff have had to spend an 
undue amount of time and labor on purely curatorial work which 
might have been done by clerical and custodial help had such been 
available. Further assistance in the department is absolutely essen- 
tial, as the present condition whereby highly trained personnel is 
employed in routine that should be performed by assistants has 
reached a point where it interferes seriously with the scientific work 
that public interest demands. 

Field work under this department has, as in previous years, been 
curtailed through lack of funds. Doctor Schmitt, under the Walter 
Rathbone Bacon scholarship, carried on field studies of the crusta- 
cean fauna of the western coast of South America. Dr. Hugh M. 
Smith, associate curator in zoology, through funds supplied by the 
Museum, has gathered and forwarded rich collections from Siam, 
and small collections have come from western China from the native 
collector trained by D. C. Graham who has continued work during 
Mr. Graham's absence in the United States on small amounts of 
money furnished by the Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secre- 
tary Wetmore visited Haiti and the Dominican Republic from March 
to June, traveling at the expense of the Swales fund. Important 
botanical collections have come from the work of Doctor Maxon in 
Jamaica and Mr. Killip and Mr. Smith in Colombia. These and 
other activities of a similar nature are detailed fully elsewhere in 
the report of the Assistant Secretary. 


The total number of accessions to the various divisions was 1,277, 
a slight increase over the corresponding figures of last year. The 
increase in the number of specimens received by the various divi- 
sions averages considerably more than last year, except in the divi- 
sion of insects, which reports a falling off, due to the fact that last 



year's report included 82,000 lepidoptera in the Dognin collection. 
The increase of specimens in the department during the past fiscal 
year amounts to more than 197,000. 

Apart from such special accessions as 20,000 specimens of water 
beetles donated by John D, Sherman, and 10,000 moths presented 
by Doctor Schaus, which will be specifically mentioned later on, 
the largest and most comprehensive collections received during the 
year are as follows: 

Dr. Hugh M. Smith, director of fisheries, Bangkok, Siam, an hon- 
oary associate curator in zoology. United States National Museum, 
was instrumental in bringing together exceedingly important and 
valuable collections of Siamese mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, 
fishes, insects, mollusks, and marine invertebrates, which fill a dis- 
tinct gap in the Museum's collections between the Chinese material 
from the north and that secured by Dr. W. L. Abbott from the Malay 
Archipelago to the south that has come in previous years. Another 
valuable addition consists of the mammals, birds, and reptiles gath- 
ered by the Smithsonian- Chrysler expedition to Africa. Dr. Waldo 
L. Schmitt's South American expedition under the auspices of the 
Walter Eathbone Bacon traveling scholarship, apart from rich col- 
lections of crustaceans, the principal object of the expedition, re- 
sulted in large additions in other branches of zoology. Owing to 
the unsettled conditions in China during the past year, collections 
from that country which recently have played a leading part among 
our accessions, have fallen off considerably; nevertheless collections 
of birds, reptiles, and fishes which have been received from A. de 
C. Sowerby through the generosity of Col. R. S. Clark, are highly 
important. They are supplemented by various small collections made 
by the native collector trained by Rev. D. C. Graham. 

MaTnmals. — The small mammals (154 specimens) obtained by Drj* 
Hugh M. Smith in Siam are particularly important to the Museum 
in connection with the large collections of Malay mammals that have 
been presented by Dr. W. L. Abbott. The 154 mammals, mostly of 
small size, collected by Arthur Loveridge in Tanganyika Territory, 
Africa, while attached to the Smithsonian-Chrysler expedition, are 
also deserving of special mention. By exchange with the Institute 
de la Salle, Bogota, Colombia, 238 small mammals were obtained 
from that locality. In the same manner, 17 specimens from Russia 
were acquired from the Zoological Museum of the Academy of Sci- 
ences, Leningrad, Union of Socialistic Soviet Republics. Two species 
representing genera not previously in the Museum were received in 
exchange with the American Museum of Natural History in New 
York City. A skin of the rare pigmy hippopotamus from Sierra 
Leone, Africa, was presented by W. N. Martin, Rouzerville, Pa. 


Birds. — The valuable collection of Chinese birds from Col. R. S. 
(^lark, the Siamese birds obtained from Dr. Hugh M. Smith, and the 
material received from the Smithsonian-Chrysler expedition have 
already been referred to. The year has been particularly profitable, 
as in addition to these comprehensive collections representatives of 
18 genera and 120 species and subspecies hitherto lacking in the col- 
lection have been added, mostly through the generosity of friends. 
B. H. Swales, honorary assistant curator, donated 176 skins and 7 
skeletons, including 46 species and 4 genera new to the Museum. 
About 100 of the skins come from the States of Parahyba and Ceara, 
Brazil. Dr. Charles W. Richmond, associate curator, presented 66 
skins and 3 skeletons, mostly from South America and Africa, and 
including 9 genera and 36 species hitherto unrepresented in the Mu- 
seum, the species being chiefly tanagers, warblers, vireos, and honey 
creepers. Dr. Thomas Barbour, Cambridge, Mass., generously gave 
a specimen each of two genera of birds Torreomis inexpectata and 
Ferminia cerverai recently discovered in Cuba. Two species of love 
birds of the genus Agapomis new to the Museum were donated by 
E, S. Schmid, Washington, D. C, and C. H. Popenoe, Silver Spring, 
Md., respectively. Dr. Casey A. Wood, collaborator in the division 
of birds, presented Fijian birds, among them a species of flycatcher 
new to the Museum. A skin of Pterocnemia tarapacensis, a rhea from 
Argentina, new to the collection was presented by D. O. King of 
Mendoza, Argentina. The skeleton collection was enriched with 
many additional genera and species, among them a skeleton of Monias 
henscM from Madagascar and a trunk skeleton of the monkey-eating 
eagle Pithecophaga jeferyi from the Philippine Islands. Among 
the many other contributors of valuable additions, Victor J. Evans, 
Justus von Lengerke, and Col. Wirt Robinson may be mentioned. 
From Edward L. Caum, Honolulu, T. H., 10 alcoholic specimens and 
4 eggs of the Laysan rail {Porzcmula palmeri) were received as a 

Reptiles and hatrachians. — The Siamese and Chinese collections 
received respectively from Dr. Hugh M. Smith and Col. R. S. Clark, 
and the African collections of the Smithsonian-Chrysler expedition, 
constitute the bulk of the valuable accessions of this year. In addi- 
tion, a collection of herpetological material from Guatemala trans- 
ferred by the United States Biological Survey, and a set of speci- 
mens from Lower California presented by the Navy Department in 
cooperation with the California Academy of Sciences, have been 
added to the collection. 

Fishes. — The increase in the number of specimens received during 
the present year over that of the preceding year is considerable. For 
one of the most valuable collections of Chinese fishes received in 
recent years we are indebted to the generosity of Col. R. S. Clark; 


no less than 1,743 specimens were collected by Arthur cle C. Sowerby 
during the past three years in the waters contiguous to Shanghai. 
Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt, as a result of his South American expedition 
under the auspices of the Walter Rathbone Bacon scholarship, 
brought home 111 specimens representative of the fish fauna of Juan 
Fernandez Island, off the Chilean coast. The United States Bureau 
of Fisheries transferred 338 specimens from various localities, among 
them the types of seven new species. Similarly, 187 specimens from 
various localities in Central and South America, Haiti, and Porto 
Rico were received from the International Health Board, these being 
of special interest in that they are known as destroyers of larvae and 
so assist in mosquito-control work. Dr. Hugh M. Smith donated 21 
fishes from Siam, and Dr. W. H. Longley, of Goucher College, 76 
from the Tortugas, Fla. A. J. Poole and Dr. Remington Kellogg, 
during a trip to the porpoise station at Hatteras, N. C, collected 
1,239 specimens for the Museum. In exchange with the Academy of 
Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, through Dr. H. W. Fowler, 238 
specimens of fishes from the Hawaiian Islands were obtained. 

Insects. — The outstanding gift to the Museum in this division was 
the special collection of about 20,000 water beetles presented by 
John D. Sherman, of Mount Vernon, N. Y. Another large dona- 
tion, made by Dr. William Schaus, honorary assistant curator, was 
that of about 10,000 moths, mostly from Bolivia. Dr. H. G. Dyar, 
custodian of lepidoptera, presented the division with about 6,000 
specimens of mosquitos obtained by him in summer collecting trips 
to Montana, representing quite completely the mosquito fauna of 
that region. Miss Theresa F. and W. E. Schoenborn presented the 
Museum with the splendid collection of lepidoptera made several 
years ago by their father, the late Henry F. Schoenborn of Wash- 
ington, D. C. It includes a considerable number of named European 
species, but the larger part consists of specimens collected in the 
region about Washington. All are in excellent condition and where 
not especially needed for the general collection are to be part of the 
special collection of District of Columbia animals. Dr. E. A. Chapin, 
of the Bureau of Entomology, donated a very valuable collection of 
121 alcoholic lots and 398 microscope slides of ectoparasites of Mallo- 
phaga fleas, mites, and pseudoscorpions. Through the instrumentality 
of Doctor Dyar, extensive shipments of mosquitoes and other blood- 
sucking diptera from Venezuela were received from Dr. M. Nunez- 
Tovar; these were sent primarily to secure identifications, but have 
added importantly to these collections. From Dr. Reinhold Meyer, of 
Germany, several shipments of named Old World Hymenoptera were 
received in exchange. The Philippine Bureau of Science, through 
R. C. McGregor, has sent several collections of Philippine insects 
during the year. 


Marine invertebrates. — The total number of accessions for the 
present year was 120, covering some 17,840 specimens. Though the 
number of accessions was less than last year actually 6,588 more 
specimens were received. The more noteworthy additions are those 
secured by the expeditions mentioned above, some of which may 
be specifically enumerated here: From Dr. Hugh M. Smith, more 
than 250 Crustacea in connection with his investigation of the fish- 
eries of Siam ; Capt. K. A. Bartlett, Y76 specimens of marine inver- 
tebrates collected off the northwest coast of Greenland during the 
summer of 1926; Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt, a comprehensive collection 
of South American crustaceans, together with miscellaneous takings 
of hydroids, coelenterates, annelid worms, and other forms, the re- 
sult of this year's travels under the Walter Kathbone Bacon scholar- 
ship ; Clarence E. Shoemaker, 3,357 specimens collected at Tortugas, 
Fla., under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution Marine Bio- 
logical Laboratory. The United States Bureau of Fisheries, as 
usual, transferred large and important collections, including nearly 
300 samples of plankton, partly from the cruises of the Grarri'pus and 
the Bache^ and partly from the Albatross Philippine tow-net hauls, 
in addition to 66 lots of Euphausiaceae and Mysidaceae, the basis of 
Dr. Walter M. Tattersall's report on these forms from the western 
Atlantic. Melbourne Ward, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 
presented 167 specimens of Crustacea from the coast of New South 
Wales, a region but meagerly represented in our collections. Among 
the smaller contributions many deserve special reference as containing 
valuable type material. E. E. Coker, Chapel Hill, N. C, presented a 
number of slides of crustaceans, among them types of three species 
and subspecies; Prof. Arthur Willey, McGill University, Montreal, 
Canada, deposited the type specimens of the copepod Moraria lauren- 
tica, and Dr. Stillman Wright, University of Wisconsin, the holotype 
and paratype of Diaptomus insulanus. This courtesy of depositing 
types in the National Museum is highly appreciated. Dr. Frank 
Smith, University of Illinois, presented 10 specimens of earthworms, 
including holotypes of two new species, together with 511 microscope 
slide mounts of serial sections of earthworms. 

MoUusks. — There was a slight decrease both in the number of ac- 
cessions and specimens in this division. Among those received, men- 
tion is made of the following as of particular merit. Dr. Hugh M. 
Smith sent about 620 specimens of mollusks and squids from Siam; 
Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, United States Army, Washington, D. C, pre- 
sented about 2,500 specimens of marine shells from the Philippine 
Islands; C. Walton, Peterhead, South Australia, supplied the types 
and a number of paratypes of 13 new species and subspecies of 
Thersites {Hadra) from islands in Torres Straits; the Eev. David 
69199—27 5 


C. Graham forwarded approximately 100 specimens of moUusks in 
continuation of collections he has made in China; C. Ping, Uni- 
versity of Amoy, China, sent 178 lots, about 500 specimens of land, 
fresh-water, and marine shells from China, some being new to the 
collection and some extending the distribution of species; Prof. 
Auguste Teisseire, Colonia, Uruguay, presented 75 lots, about 127 
specimens, of fresh-water bivalve shells, which contained the types 
and a number of paratypes of new species of Gorhicula and many fine 
specimens of other species of that genus; Dr. H. A. Pilsbry, Acad- 
emy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, sent four paratypes of Physa 
zionis Pilsbry from Zion Park, Utah; Dr. Henry Pittier, Caracas, 
Venezuela, forwarded 5 species, 9 specimens of fresh-water shells, 
including the types and 3 paratypes of 2 species; C. C. Allen, St. 
Petersburg, Fla., 57 lots, about 350 specimens of mollusks from 
Florida, the Bahamas, and Cuba ; Dr. William A. Hoffman, Univer- 
sity of Porto Rico, 67 specimens of land and marine shells; Ralph 
W. Jackson, 2 specimens of pearly fresh- water mussels, the type and 
paratype of a new species, Diplodon jacksoni Marshall; D. Bram- 
well, Jamaica, British West Indies, 40 lots, about 1,000 specimens, of 
mollusks; Joseph Harrison, Jamaica, British West Indies, 34 lots, 
approximately 200 specimens, of mollusks; D. Thaanum, Honolulu, 
Hawaii, 26 species, 61 specimens, of marine shells from Japan; 
Richard Buhlis, Imboden, Ark., 60 lots, 60 specimens, of pearly fresh- 
water mussels; J. Morgan Clements, Papeete, Society Islands, 60 
species, about 225 specimens, of mollusks from Cook Islands ; and Dr. 
F. Felippone, Montevideo, Uruguay, 20 lots, consisting of 28 speci- 
mens, of marine and land shells from Uruguay. 

Echinoderms. — The number of accessions received during the year 
was 17, more than twice the number received last year. The total 
number of specimens incorporated in the collection was 368, as com- 
pared with 41 last year. The most noteworthy accessions were the sea 
urchins of the family Cidaridae which were collected by the Bureau 
of Fisheries steamer Albatross on the Philippine expedition in 1907- 
1910 and reported upon by Dr. Th. Mortensen of the Zoological Mu-~ 
seum, Copenhagen, Demnark, and the several collections made on the 
coast of South America by Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt, curator of marine 
invertebrates, while traveling under the Walter Rathbone Beacon 

Plants. — There were 490 accessions in this division, comprising 
55,750 specimens of great value, representing a slight gain in both 
accessions and specimens over the preceding year. The more impor- 
tant accessions are as follows: 9,203 specimens received as a transfer 
from the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of 
Agi'iculture, including 5,512 mounted grasses and 1,436 Chinese 
specimens collected by P. PI. Dorsett ; 9,500 specimens of plants from 


Colombia, collected for the Museum by E. P. Killip and Albert C. 
Smith; 11,000 specimens of Jamaican plants, chiefly ferns, collected 
for the Museum by William R. Maxon ; 3,550 specimens from southern 
China, presented by the National Geographic Society, Washington, 
D. C. ; 2,000 specimens of Chinese plants, received from the Univer- 
sity of Nanking, China, in exchange ; 1,300 specimens of plants from 
Asia, received as an exchange from the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, 
Paris; t68 specimens of Chilean plants presented by the Rev. Brother 
Claude Joseph, Temuco, Chile; 1,051 specimens, chiefly from North 
America and Cuba, received as an exchange from the Riksmuseets 
Botaniska Avdelning, Stockholm; 555 specimens from Mexico and 
Central America, received as an exchange from Universitetes 
Botaniske Museum, Copenhagen ; 3,035 specimens from New Mexico, 
presented by the Rev. Brother Arsene, Las Vegas, N. Mex. ; 484 speci- 
mens chiefly of tropical American trees, presented by the Yale school 
of forestry. New Haven, Conn., through Prof. Samuel J. Record; 
380 specimens from Peru, presented by Prof. Fortunate L. Herrera, 
Cuzco, Peru; 297 specimens received as an exchange from the Gray 
Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.; 348 speci- 
mens from Alberta, presented by A. H. Brinkman, Craigmyle, 
Alberta, Canada; 481 specimens of Greenland plants received from 
the Danske Arktiske Station, Disko, Greenland; 403 specimens of 
Mexican plants, presented by J. G. Ortega, Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mex- 
ico ; 505 specimens received in exchange from the University of Cali- 
fornia, Berkley, Calif.; 633 specimens from Texas and Mexico, re- 
ceived from the University of Texas as a gift, through Prof. B. C. 
Tharp; 375 specimens received from the New York Botanical 
Garden, New York City, as an exchange ; 178 specimens from Guate- 
mala presented by the Direccion General de Agricultura, Guatemala 
City; 355 specimens, chiefly from Alaska, received from the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture, as 
a transfer. 

In this connection should be mentioned the receipt in March last 
of the 50,000 mounted specimens constituting the remaining half of 
the John Donnell Smith Herbarium presented to the Smithsonian 
Institution in 1905, but until this year retained for study in the 
custody of Captain Smith in Baltimore. The remainder of the John 
Donnell Smith library came to the Smithsonian Institution earlier in 
the year. The value of these collections to students of American 
botany can hardly be overestimated. The herbarium is notable in 
particular for its unique collections of Central American plants. 
These, with the material recently collected under the auspices of the 
National Museum, constitute the most extensive herbarium of Central 
American plants in existence. 



The principal change in the exhibition halls in this department was 
the installation of the New Rocky Mountain sheep group. The 
group formerly on exhibition was dismantled during the previous 
year, but the newly prepared animals were displayed during the 
summer as part of the Smithsonian exhibit at the Sesquicentennial 
Exposition in Philadelphia. In the fall of 1926 this material was 
returned to the museum and the work of constructing the rocks to 
serve as accessories and background for the new group began. As a 
result of much careful labor on the part of W. L. Brown, who de- 
signed and executed the group, and his associates, the bighorn group 
takes its place among the largest and most successful of our more 
recent biological exhibits. The whole back of the large case that 
contains it represents a section of a mountain side, with ledges, on 
which stand an old ram and three younger males. The group con- 
stitutes a worthy companion to the Rocky Mountain goat case 
installed two years ago. 

The case containing the baboons and related African monkeys has 
had added several recently mounted specimens. All the specimens 
in the case have been reinstalled and several of the older, poorly 
mounted ones were removed. A young female mountain gorilla, 
collected by B. Burbridge, was mounted during the year and installed 
in the African anthropoid case. 

A model of the white Chinese lake dolphin, obtained in exchange, 
and a skeleton of a reindeer, mounted by J. Scollick, were likewise 
placed on exhibition. Several other specimens were mounted but 
await the construction of a suitable case before being exhibited. The 
model of a giant squid, restored during the year, was exhibited sus- 
pended from the ceiling in the fish hall, with its companion piece the 
giant octopus. 

More than a dozen birds required for the District of Columbia 
exhibit mounted during the year were labeled and added to that 
series. Most of these were secured by Dr. P. Bartsch, who has volun- 
teered to oversee this part of the collection. Stereograph slides 
showing the home life of birds have been prepared and colored under 
his direction and added to the local exhibit. 

The care of the scientific study material by the curatorial staff of 
the various divisions has progressed satisfactorily, with this reserva- 
tion, that on account of lack of help, progress as a rule has been at 
the expense of the scientific output of the members. 

In the division of mammals ten quarter unit cases were added. to 
the storage facilities for large skulls and skeletons in the attic. Con- 
siderable progress has been made during the past year in arranging 
this part of the collection, the new cases being used in part for storage 


of new material or for the spreading of series that were too crowded. 
Good progress has been made in labeling and rearranging certain 
groups. In order to conserve space, sets of leg bones of the larger 
ungulates are being removed from the regular storage cases, labeled, 
packed in wooden boxes, and stored in the mammal range, second 
floor. Practically all the available space in the attic is now occupied 
with cases, but the entire collection stored there still remains in a 
crowded condition, though at this time in much better shape than 
ever before. Three half-unit and five quarter-unit cases have been 
added for the skin collection, which is still in an overcrowded condi- 
tion, although now some of the smaller groups have been given 
proper space. Two unit cases ordered last year, but delayed owing 
to work on Sesquicentennial exhibits, were delivered and have mate- 
rially helped to reduce the congestion of several of the larger skin 
cases. Three quarter-unit cases were added to the collection of small 
skulls located in the office rooms. These are now in fairly good shape 
again, but the question of additional cases in order to prevent over- 
crowding is quite serious owing to lack of further space. Consider- 
able time has been devoted during the year to further arrangement 
of the cetacean collection, two quarter-unit cases being added. The 
small skulls and small skeletons have all been placed in cases. The 
small cetaceans alone now occupy 61 quarter-unit cases. The speci- 
mens, case trays, and cases have all been properly labeled and a card 
index made of this entire collection, which is now in excellent shape. 
Most of the larger whale skulls and skeletons are properly arranged. 
A rather large amount of alcoholic porpoise material has been taken 
from barrels in which it was stored, labeled, and put in proper con- 
tainers. Quite a number of these specimens has been used for study 
during the past year. A few large skins and quite a number of small 
ones, including some used for exhibition purposes, were tanned by the 
taxidermists. During the year the taxidermists prepared as study 
specimens some 115 flat skins and 110 made-up skins. Work on 
cleaning large and medium skulls and skeletons by the Museum force 
has resulted as follows: Skulls, 267; skeletons, 52. Contract work 
on small and medium-sized skulls and skeletons has resulted in the 
cleaning of 509 skulls and 55 skeletons. 

It is gratifying to report that the various collections in the division 
of mammals are at this time in better shape than they have ever been 

In the division of birds, the skin collection of the family of crows 
(Corvidae) was expanded through the release of one half -unit case 
from other use. Some other minor readjustments of material were 
made in various parts of the collection to relieve congestion without 
additional case room. Twelve quarter-unit storage cases and 80 


drawers were received during the year. Seven of the cases were used 
for eggs received from A. C. Bent, four were utillized for temporary 
storage purposes, and one was added to the skeleton series. The 
alcoholic series was further improved by incorporating part of the 
recent material and respacing portions of the collection on the shelves, 
to provide greater convenience for consulting it. A card catalogue 
of the collection was completed. In the skeleton series, Y18 items were 
received from the cleaners during the year, reducing the uncleaned 
material on hand to a very few specimens ; 517 of the cleaned speci- 
mens were placed in containers, labeled, card catalogued, and dis- 
tributed in the collection. The accessions of eggs and nests were cata- 
logued and filed away in temporary quarters. Several installments 
from the Bent egg collection were received and arranged, but the 
eggs have not been catalogued. The skin collection is in good condi- 
tion, though again becoming crowded in places. Some of the mate- 
rial received during the year was labeled and distributed, but much 
of it was held out for further determination or report or labeling. 
Several hundred skins received at earlier periods were labeled and 
distributed during this year. The status of the egg collection is 
unchanged from last year. In alcoholics and skeletons the collec- 
tions are in a very satisfactory condition indeed. The taxidermists 
remade or improved about 115 skins, mounted 13 birds for the local 
exhibit, and the preparators cleaned 718 skeltons. 

In the division of reptiles more than 2,100 amphibians and reptiles 
have been assigned to permanent places in the storage rooms. A 
majority were identified by Miss Cochran, the assistant curator. 
The amount of old unidentified material is steadily shrinking under 
combined efforts to achieve an ideal of ti perfect collection of iden- 
tified and easily accessible specimens. Since this division has ac- 
quired eight new unit cases for the storage of skeletal and dried 
material it has; been possible to relieve the congested condition of 
some of the storage cases. The assistant curator is now engaged on 
a complete card catalogue for the dry material like the one in use for 
alcoholic specimens, and has this important work about half com- 
pleted. Some work has been done by the taxidermists in cleaning 
skulls and preparing skins. The present status of the collection is 
very good. 

B. A. Bean, assistant curator in charge of fishes, reports that the 
lower floor and about one-half of the upper floors of the alcoholic 
storage rooms have been thoroughly inspected, shelves and con- 
tainers cleaned, and the jars refilled where necessary. Many labels 
that had become illegible have been restored and like material from 
the same general locality has been wrapped and grouped together to 
save space and jars. The present condition of the collections is good. 


In a collection growing rapidly as that in the division of insects a 
great deal of time is consumed in incorporating new material. 
Within the past year the division has received 800 insect drawers, 
the same as in the preceding year, which has allowed space in 
arranging the collections. Considerable progress has been made 
during the year in various groups. In the section of Diptera, Mr. 
Greene has arranged the extensive slide collection of gnats belong- 
ing to the family Itonididae (Cecidomyidae) , not available hereto- 
fore in a satisfactory manner. The collection of immature stages of 
Diptera has been installed, in approved manner and now ranks as 
probably the best in the world. In the Lepidoptera, Dr. William 
Schaus has made decided progress in the incorporation of the Dognin 
collection and has arranged and expanded the Neotropical collec- 
tion in a number of groups. He has also spent considerable time in 
arranging and expanding the collections of Noctuidae of the Old 
World. Mr. Busck and Mr. Heinrich have completed the incorpora- 
tion of the Microlepidoptera belonging to the Fernald collection, and 
have practically completed the incorporation of the exotic collection 
of Microlepidoptera purchased from B. Hamfelt, of Sweden. In 
the section of Orthoptera, Mr. Caudell has completed studies on 
oriental Blattidae, which necessitated the rearrangement of the col- 
lections of blattids from this region. Doctor Ewing has rearranged 
and brought up to date the collection of scorpions from the western 
United States, and has added a considerable amount of new material 
from the Southwest. Work on the Casey collection of Coleoptera 
through the continued interest of Mrs. Casey has been carried on 
through the year by L. L. Buchanan, who has made excellent prog- 
ress. The material in the families Cerambycidae, Buprestidae, Coc- 
cinellidae, Curculionidae (except the Brazilian Barini), Melyridae, 
Dermestidae, Mycetophagidae, Lucanidae, Anthicidae, AUeculidae, 
and some others with parts of the Staphylinidae, Carabidae, Scara- 
baeidae, Psilaphidae, and Tenebrionidae have now been arranged so 
that they are available to students. These groups include about 2,500 
of the Casey types. The methods employed in installation in this 
collection have been highly praised by specialists from other institu- 
tions who have had occasion to examine the series. In the general 
collection of beetles Dr. E. A. Chapin has assembled a large part 
of the family Cleridae and has made arrangements in certain tribes 
of the family Staphylinidae and part of the family Coccinellidae. 
Mr. Barber has arranged parts of the collection belonging to the 
family Lampyridae and certain other small units throughout the 
order. Mr. Fisher has covered parts of the family Cerambycidae 
and has done additional work on the members of the Buprestidae. 
Mr. Hyslop has devoted some time to the Elateridae and has incor- 


porated the specimens from the Gorham collection, which he pur- 
chased and donated to the Museum. Mrs. Blake rearranged the 
genus Oedionychis of America north of Mexico. While in the sec- 
tion of Hymenoptera there has been little opportunity to complete 
research that will assist in systematizing the collections it has been 
possible to put a number of series in much better order. 

With the adoption of the plan of mounting dissected parts on slides 
and keeping the slides in trays and of placing tag-mounted and slide- 
mounted specimens in the same tray, it has been possible to make 
considerable progress in arranging certain groups of chalcidoid flies 
and also to simplify the study of some other groups, as the bees. Fol- 
lowing is the list of the more important unite in which considerable 
rearrangement of material has been done during the fiscal year. 
Bethylidae; this entire family has been completely rearranged. The 
Ashmead and Museum collections have been combined into one and 
arranged in accordance with the system used by Kieffer in his publi- 
cation in Das Tierreich. Anteonidae (Dryinidae) : The entire col- 
lection of Anteonidae was rearranged in accordance with Kieffer's 
classification as published in Das Tierreich by Doctor Fenton when 
working at the Museum during the Christmas holidays. Apoidea: 
Miss Sandhouse has expanded the collection of Apoidea, incorporat- 
ing a great deal of material which had been in the boxes of dupli- 
cates and certain other scattered through various collections. In 
addition, she has rearranged a number of genera as Osmm^ exotic 
Xylocofd)^ North American Halictus, Agapostemon, and the tribe 
Megachilird, and has made and entered in the slide book about 500 
slides of dissected parts of bees. Chalcidoidea : Mr. Gahan has con- 
tinued the arrangement of chalcidoids, with particular reference to 
the Eulophidae and Encyrtidae. Braconidae: Mr. Gahan has re- 
vised and rearranged the oriental species of Apanteles. Psammo- 
charidae ; this family was rearranged by Mr. Rohwer, the regional 
collections broken up, and the entire series arranged in one unit. 
Mutillidae: the genus DasyTnutiUa and allies were partially rear- 
ranged to coincide with a manuscript by Dr. C. E. Mickel which has 
recently been submitted for publication. More work on this group 
will be necessary later. 

In the division of marine invertebrates, by the employment of 
additional temporary help, headway has been made with the great 
and at one time rather alarming arrearage in replenishing the alcohol 
lost by evaporation from the vast study collection. The duties en- 
tailed in the sorting of incoming collections have been heavier even 
than in previous years on account of the greater bulk of material 
gathered by various expeditions. 

The curator of the division of moUusks reports that progress has 
been made in arranging new material in the study series. The divi- 


sion, however, is so shorthanded that much time of the staff is re- 
quired for daily routine, requests for determinations, care of collec- 
tions, and their proper intercalation in the study series. The section 
of corals, on account of lack of a custodian, has been more or less 
quiescent during the year. The only work done has been the com- 
pletion of the installation of the entire coral series in the southwest 
hall and in room 427. The collection of helminths has been cared for 
as heretofore. 

In the division of Echinoderms extra temporary help has been em- 
ployed to replace alcohol in the containers. Further progress has 
been made in converting specimens from the alcoholic to the dry 
collections. The curator reports that the study collections are in 
excellent shape. 

Work on the collections of the National Herbarium has progressed 
as usual. In the main herbarium 42,992 specimens have been entered 
in the record books preparatory to their being added to the general 
herbarium. It has been possible to insert in the herbarium only a 
part of this material, owing to extreme congestion, so that there are 
on hand awaiting distribution about 70,000 specimens. Besides these, 
there are about 75,000 that have been mounted, but that are not yet 
stamped or recorded, making a total of nearly 150,000 specimens to 
be inserted in the herbarium. Fortunately, the projected balcony in 
the western end of the herbarium hall is to be constructed within the 
next few months. This, with installation of new cases, will allow 
ample opportunity for expansion, and it is hoped that during the 
coming year the stamping and recording just mentioned will have 
been added to the herbarium. The shifting of old cases and the instal- 
lation of new ones will involve a complete rearrangement of all the 
specimens in the phanerogamic herbarium. There remain to be 
mounted at the present time only about 25,000 specimens, these chiefly 
Old World plants. 

Work in the herbarium has progressed as satisfactorily as other 
duties and the crowded condition of the material would permit. 
Doctor Maxon has identified and distributed a large number of ferns 
and Mr. Standley has performed like services in the case of Mexican 
and Central American phanerogams, which have been received in 
great quantity. Similar work has been accomplished by Mr. Killip 
and Mr. Leonard for South American and West Indian material, 

The segregation of type specimens of phanerogams has been con- 
tinued by Mr. Killip, 12,964 such types having now been distinctively 
labelled and specially catalogued with complete data. These consti- 
tute the so-called "type herbarium" kept apart from the main 


Aside from curatorial work on the moss herbarium by Mr. Leonard, 
the condition of the cryptogamic collections remains the same as last 
year, since it is not feasible, owing to lack of special curatorial help, 
to incorporate the large accumulation of many years past. The 
cryptogamic herbaria are of sufficient importance to merit the same 
attention that is given to the flowering plants and ferns, and it is 
urgently recommended that there be appointed an aid whose first 
duty shall be to give general curatorial attention to the cryptogamic 

Exceptionally good progress has been made in the mounting of 
plants during the past year, mainly through the employment of extra 
help. During the year 18,730 specimens of flowering plants and 
ferns have been glued; 18,855 glued specimens have been strapped, 
13,955 of these by contract ; and 23,617 specimens have been mounted 
wholly by adhesive plaster, 18,870 of this number by contract. The 
total number of specimens mounted during the year is thus upward 
of 40,000, which is nearly twice the number mounted during the pre- 
vious year. As mentioned elsewhere, there remain unmounted about 
25,000 specimens. These are chiefly Old World plants, but include 
also the recent Colombian collections of Messrs. Killip and Smith. 
The work of stamping and recording the specimens is greatly in 
arrears and demands immediate attention in order to clear up the 
accumulation of about 75,000 unstamped and unrecorded specimens 
and permit the insertion of this material in the herbarium. 

The work of the taxidermists and preparators in so far as it relates 
to the exhibition series has already been mentioned. The usual work 
of the shops in mounting, renovating, degreasing, and repairing speci- 
mens, in addition to the regular work of cleaning skeletons, skulls, and 
other skeletal parts has progressed satisfactorily. The dismount- 
ing of the Burchell's zebra mentioned in last year's report was a 
difficult and time-consuming task successfully accomplished by George 
Marshall, who also made over 114 defective field skins of birds and 
skinned and mounted a large number of birds and mammals. Mr.- 
ScoUick and Mr. East cleaned 399 bird skeletons, 191 mammal skulls, 
5 mammal skeletons, 1 fish skeleton, and 40 skeletons of reptiles and 
amphibians, in addition to other work. C. E. Mirguet was chiefly 
occupied in making plaster casts of anatomical parts and of reptiles 
for the exhibition series. He also restored and mounted the large 
model of the giant squid now on exhibition in the fish hall. Much of 
his time was taken up with the cleaning of 34 large mammal skele- 
tons, 31 mammal skulls, and some reptile skeletons. Much work in 
skinning and curing large mammals fell to the lot of the taxidermists 
after the return of the Smithsonian-Chrysler expedition to Africa, 
since the increase in the collections of the animals at the National 


Zoological Park, with the usual annual mortality, brought many 
specimens from this source. The taxidermists are handicapped in 
their work through lack of space and deserve great credit for a large 
amount of excellent work done under adverse conditions. 


Research for the benefit of the Museum,. — In addition to research 
work of the scientific staff of the Museum, a vast amount of work is 
done for the benefit of the Museum by scientists not officers of the 
institution, in most cases where no specialist is represented on our 

Gerrit S. Miller, jr., curator of mammals, has completed final revi- 
sion of a monograph of the American bats of the genus Myotis, on 
which he has been engaged for several years in collaboration with 
Dr. Glover M. Allen, of Cambridge, Mass. The manuscript is now 
in the printer's hands. He has also finished and published a study 
of some fossil Mongolian mammals and has made some progress in 
working up a collection of bones that he made in cave deposits in 
Haiti two years ago. A. B. Howell, collaborator, has worked up 
most of the Chinese mammals collected by Arthur de C. Sowerby 
and D. C. Graham and has continued his studies of mammalian 

Robert Ridgway, curator of birds, reports that his work on Bulle- 
tin 50 (Birds of North and Middle America) has been of the same 
character as reported for the previous year, the compilation of synon- 
ymy, preparation of diagnoses, kej^, and descriptions of the higher 
groups, those for the family Anatidae (ducks, geese, and swans) 
having been included in the work for the present year. Dr. C. W, 
Richmond, associate curator, in the scant time allowed him from 
routine, curatorial, and office work, finished a paper on " Generic 
names applied to birds during the years 1916 to 1922, inclusive, with 
additions to Waterhouse's Index Generum Avium," and has also pre- 
pared several short papers dealing with nomenclature. The work on 
the projected catalogue of types of birds in the Museum collection in 
preparation jointly with B. H. Swales, honorary assistant curator, 
progressed slowly. The report on the birds of the Island of Haiti 
planned by the same investigators has now been taken up by Dr. 
Alexander Wetmore in association with Mr. Swales. Doctor Wet- 
more also made various studies of fossil birds of North America, 
partly to identify new material and partly to examine into the valid- 
ity of forms previously described. He completed an account of the 
birds of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands and undertook to com- 
plete the work, A Monograph of the Accipitres, left unfinished by 
the late H. Kirke Swann, and made some progress to this end. J. H. 


Riley, aid, continued his studies of the Chinese collections of birds, 
particularly the one formed by the Rev. D. C. Graham, and began a 
report on the birds of the Mentawi Islands, based on material in 
part presented by Dr. W. L. Abbott and in part submitted by the 
Raffles Museum, of Singapore. 

Lack of material from certain critical localities has made progress 
on the monograph of the turtles of North and Middle America slow, 
so that the curator of reptiles, Leonhard Stejneger, has devoted his 
time to the study of Chinese herpetology based on the rich material 
received during the last few years from D. C. Graham, A. de C. 
Sowerby, and other sources. Miss D. M. Cochran, assistant curator, 
continued and nearly completed a study of the collections of Siamese 
reptiles and amphibians made by Dr. Hugh M. Smith. 

The report on the Philippine fishes undertaken by H. W. Fowler, 
assisted by B. A. Bean, assistant curator, progressed satisfactorily, 
one volume going to press and the manuscript of the second volume 
being submitted. Work on the third volume is well advanced. 

Dr. J, M. Aldrich, associate curator of insects, continued studies 
of the older types of American muscoid flies in the Vienna Museum 
of Natural History through material forwarded from Vienna for the 
purpose. An article covering some 30 additional species is now in 
press. He also continued work on the taxonomy of the Diptera in 
the course of which several papers were prepared, the principal one 
being on the genus Belvosia. C. T. Greene, assistant custodian of 
Diptera, has completed a study of the larvae and pupae of flies belong- 
ing to the family Trypetidae. Dr. A. G. Boving has continued his 
researches on the classification of the larvae of Coleoptera, and dur- 
ing the year has extended and revised a manuscript dealing with the 
larvae in the Museum collection belonging to the subfamily Halti- 
cinae. He has prepared also a review of the larvae belonging to the 
families Mylabridae and Anobiidae, and has made notes and draw- 
ings of all the scarabaeid larvae in the collection belonging to the 
subfamily Dynastinae. In addition he has published papers on the^ 
immature stages of various species. 

W. S. Fisher has devoted much time to a revision of the North 
American Buprestid beetles of the genus Agrilus, has completed a 
study of the Buprestidae of the West Indies, and has begun an inves- 
tigation of the Cerambycids of the West Indies. In addition, he has 
continued to study the Buprestids and Cerambycids from the oriental 
region forwarded by Prof. C. F. Baker and has described many 
species. Dr. E. A. Chapin has begun an extensive revision of the 
Cleridae of the Nearctic region, an investigation that will be con- 
tinued throughout the coming year. He has also done considerable 
work on the classification of the Coccinellidae and has prepared a 


synopsis of the species belonging to the tribe Telsimiini, has com- 
pleted a revision of the North American species of the genus Ptilo- 
dactyla, and has conducted minor investigation on various units in 
the family Staphylinidae. H. G. Barber has continued his investiga- 
tions on the taxonomy of beetles of the family Lampyridae and has 
been able to correlate certain minor structural differences with differ- 
ences in flight, flashing habits, and habitat. Mrs. Blake has com- 
pleted a study of the beetles of the genus Oedionychis, which occur 
in America north of Mexico, and has described many new forms in 
connection with a revisionary paper which was published in the 
Proceedings of the Museum. Dr. F. H. Chittenden has completed a 
review of the North American nut weevils belonging to the genus 
GurcvZio (Balaninus), and has described a number of new forms. 
He has also completed investigations on the genus Phyllotreta and 
has published a revisionary synopsis, including the descriptions of 
many new species. A. Busck has continued his studies on the classi- 
fication of the North American Microlepidoptera belonging to the 
family Tortricidae and allies, and has completed a review on this 
subject, for which illustrations are being prepared. C. Heinrich has 
continued investigations on Microlepidoptera and has devoted much 
study to classification of the larvae. During the year he has spent a 
considerable portion of his time in the field. Dr. W. Schaus has done 
important research in connection with the identification of material 
from the oriental region submitted by Dr. C. F. Baker, and material 
from Africa and the Neotropical region, and has prepared descrip- 
tions of many new species. A. N. Caudell has continued investiga- 
tions on the taxonomy of cockroaches, and has completed a report on 
material collected in the Fiji Islands. 

Dr. H. G. Ewing has continued work on the relationship of various 
genera of Mallophaga and has prepared one or two papers describing 
unusual forms. He has also spent considerable time studying mites 
injurious to vegetation, especially those groups which are found on 
bulbs, and has continued work in the literature of mites. W. L. 
McAtee and J. R. Malloch have been occupied with investigations on 
the classification of bugs of the subfamily Thyreocorinae, and Mr. 
McAtee has worked with leaf hoppers of the tribe Eupterygini, espe- 
cially those belonging to the neotropical region. As mentioned in the 
last report. Dr. H. H. Knight was employed by the Bureau of Ento- 
mology to conduct investigations on bugs of the family Miridae. He 
worked for the first two months of the fiscal year, completing the 
arrangement of the insects belonging to this family. H. G. Barber, 
during a detail of six weeks for the Bureau of Entomology, arranged 
part of the neotropical collection of bugs belonging to the family 
Reduviidae. Both Mr. Rohwer and Mr. Gahan have had to devote 
much time to administrative work or routine identification and have 


had little opportunity to conduct research work except that incidental 
to identification. R. A. Cushman has continued identification work 
and has also had opportunity to study ichneumon flies of the sub- 
family Tryphoninae and to continue his researches on the tribe Ich- 
neumonini. In addition he has practically completed a review of 
the tribe Mesostenini and a review of the oriental and Malayan species 
of the genus Xanthopimpla. Miss Grace Sandhouse had opportunity 
to do research on certain groups of bees, in which she spent consid- 
erable time studying the genus Osmia to complete a revision of the 
North American species of this group, made some preliminary studies 
on the tribe Megachilini, and undertook the classification of the bees 
of the family Halictidae. Work on the Halictidae has progressed 
satisfactorily, especially as concerns the genus Agapostemon as it 
occurs in North America. 

In the division of marine invertebrates. Dr. Mary J. Rathbun, 
associate in zoology, has continued work on the third volume of her 
monograph on American crabs. Her report on a collection of 
" Brachyuran crabs from Australia and New Guinea " was published 
in the Records of the Australian Museum ; that on " The fossil stalk- 
eyed Crustacea of the Pacific slope of North America " as Bulletin 138 
of the United States National Museum ; and her " Crustacea " of " The 
•fauna of the Ripley formation on Cook Creek, Tenn.," in the report 
on that fauna by Bruce Wade, as United States Geological Survey 
Professional Paper 137. Current identifications of numerous small 
collections of recent and fossil crabs have occupied a considerable 
amount of Miss Rathbun's time, in addition to the service she has 
rendered as editor of the section of Crustacea of Biological Abstracts, 
both in an editorial and abstracting capacity. The curator, Dr. 
Waldo L. Schmitt, spent the greater part of the year in the field 
as the Walter Rathbone Bacon scholar of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion. Though his field work has consumed more time than originally 
contemplated, this has permitted examination of a greater range 
of territory than would have been possible otherwise. The assist- 
ant curator, Clarence R. Shoemaker, who during Doctor Schmitt's 
absence took over the curatorial duties of the division in a most 
satisfactory manner, was left little time for scientific work. 
Nevertheless, work was continued on the Amphipods collected 
during the fisheries research project of the Biological Board of 
Canada in the Gulf of St. Lawrence during 1917. James O. Maloney, 
aid, in addition to undertaking numerous identifications for the 
Federal Horticultural Board, made a report on the isopods 
obtained by the Albatross Lower California expedition of 1911. 
Part 3 of the Rotifer Fauna of Wisconsin; A Revision of the 
Genera Lecane and Monostyla, was published during the year by 


H. K. Harring, custodian of the Rotatoria, in collaboration with 
Frank J. Myers. Part 4, The Dicranophorinae, was completed dur- 
ing the year and is now in press. The study of the rotifers of Mount 
Desert Island was continued and some time spent in making collec- 
tions in the State of New Jersey. In addition, Mr. Harring has 
edited the section dealing with the Rotatoria, Gastrotricha, and 
Chaetognatha for Biological Abstracts. Determinations also have 
been made of a number of small collections for the Canadian game 
and fisheries service and for the museum of the University of Michi- 
gan. Dr. Max Ellis, collaborator, is working on the extensive collec- 
tions of discodrilids that he has personally collected on several 
transcontinental automobile tours. Dr. Maynard H. Metcalf, col- 
laborator, has continued his studies on the opalinid parasites of 
South American frogs. 

In the division of mollusks Dr. W. H. Dall completed a paper 
upon the small shells dredged by the U, S. fisheries steamer Alba- 
tross between 1885 and 1886 in east American waters. He like- 
wise prepared descriptions of miscellaneous species for publication 
in the proceedings. The curator. Dr. Paul Bartsch, has about com- 
pleted a paper on the Philippine Naninidae ; also a monograph on the 
West Indian land shells of the family Annulariidae. These two ef- 
forts have occupied all the time available for research. William B. 
Marshall, assistant curator, has identified specimens submitted by 
correspondents and distributed material into the study series. He has 
partially revised the foreign shells of the genera BuUmulus, Bulimi- 
nus and Bithynia, and has prepared a paper on "A new genus and 
two new species of South American fresh-water mussels," which has 
been published by the Museum. He also prepared and submitted 
for publication papers on " New mollusks of the genus Gorhicula 
from Uruguay and Brazil " and on " The Australian land shell 
Thersites hipartita and its allies." 

The research work undertaken by the curator of Echinoderms, 
Austin H. Clark, during the year consisted mainly in a continuation 
of work on another part of his monograph of the recent crinoids. 
In addition, he began studies on the crinoids collected by the Austral- 
asian Antarctic expedition of 1910-1914, which were sent through the 
kindness of Sir Douglas Mawson, of the University, Adelaide, South 
Australia, and Prof. Clement Vaney, of the Universite de Lyon, 
Lyon, France. All of the species represented in this collection have 
been identified. 

Dr. Frederick V. Coville, curator of plants, has continued his 
studies upon the breeding and culture of blueberries {VacciniuTii) and 
other acid-soil plants. Dr. J. N. Rose, associate curator, has con- 
tinued studies of the leguminous families Caesalpiniaceae and the 
Mimosaceae jointly with Dr. N. L. Britton, director of the New York 


Botanical Garden, with the object of preparing a monograph of the 
North American species. As heretofore, he has given much time to 
the Cactaceae and Crassulaceae groups, which he had previously 
treated monographically. Dr. William R. Maxon, associate curator, 
following his last trip of exploration in Jamaica, has begun the 
preparation of manuscript for a volume upon the ferns of that island. 
Mr. Paul C. Standley, associate curator, has given particular atten- 
tion to the identification of Costa Rican material collected by him- 
self and has published several papers describing new species from 
these exceedingly rich collections. At the request of the Field Mu- 
seum of Natural History, he is engaged in preparing an enumeration 
of the plants of the Yucatan Peninsula, based largely upon the collec- 
tions of Dr. G. F. Gaumer. E. C. Leonard, aid, has continued his 
studies of the West Indian flora, particularly the plants of Hispan- 
iola, and has begun an investigation of the family Acanthaceae as 
represented in tropical America. E. P. KiUip, aid, spent six months 
in field work in Colombia in connection with his study of the flora of 
that country, and at other times has given special attention to identi- 
fying specimens from the South American Andes, particularly the 
families Passifloraceae, Urticaceae, and Boraginaceae. 

James L. Peters, of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, kindly 
determined a series of pigeon hawks for the Museum; Dr. C. E. 
Hellmayr, of the Field Museum of Natural History, revised the 
identifications of various skins of Asiatic and tropical American 
birds ; Donald R. Dickey, Pasadena, Calif., did the same for a num- 
ber of Central American specimens ; Dr. H. C. Oberholser identified 
various birds in the Abbott Malayan coUectiops and revised determi- 
nations of certain North American birds in the Museum. Mr. Rem- 
ington Kellogg, Bureau of Biological Survey, has been engaged upon 
a study of the amphibians of Mexico, doing a large amount of 
exceedingly valuable work in verifying the old Museum records of 
specimens collected about the middle of last century, as well as iden- 
tifying a considerable amount of later material. The division of_ 
reptiles is also indebted to various specialists for identifications, as 
Dr. Frank H. Blanchard, Percy Viosca, jr.. Dr. Afranio do Amaral, 
Dr. E. R. Dunn, Dr. A. H. Wright, and J. W. Bailey. Prof. P. L. 
Lesne, of the Paris Museum, kindly determined certain beetles be- 
longing to the family Lyctidae. The arrangement of the collection 
of beetles of the family Mordellidae has been greatly improved by 
assistance rendered by Emil Liljeblad, of the Field Museum, in 
making identifications. R. W. Dawson, University of Minnesota, 
has cooperated in the identification of certain scarab aeid beetles 
introduced into the United States. Dr. J. Gilbert Arrow, British 
Museum of Natural History, on request, has rendered similar valuable 


assistance in identifying beetles recently established in the United 
States. Dr. Alex. Petrunkevitch, Yale University, has kindly coop- 
erated in the identification of certain exotic spiders which have been 
received for determination, and Dr. Ealph V. Chamberlain, Uni- 
versity of Utah, has similarly identified a number of lots of Myri- 
apoda sent him. The curator of the division of marine invertebrates 
writes that no small part of the credit for the successful working of 
the division is due to the very important unofficial staff of collabora- 
tors who have kindly assisted by identifying material. The list 
includes the following: Dr. Henry B. Bigelow (Medusae, Cteno- 
phora) ; Dr. H. Boschma (Ehizocephalids, Crustacea) ; Dr. R. V. 
Chamberlain (Annelids and Gephyrea) ; Dr. Henri Coutiere (Cran- 
gonidae, Crustacea) ; Dr. Joseph A. Cushman (Foraminifera) ; M. W. 
de Laubenfels (Porifera) ; Prof. G. S. Dodds (Fresh-water Entomo- 
straca) ; Prof. Max Ellis (Discodrilids) ; Dr. A. G. Huntsman 
(Ascidians) ; Dr. Chancey Juday (Cladocera, Crustacea) ; Mr. Frits 
Johansen (Fresh-water Entomostraca) ; Mr. T. Kaburaki (Turbel- 
laria) ; Dr. C. Dwight Marsh (Fresh-water Copepods) ; Dr. May- 
nard M. Metcalf (Salpa, Pyrosoma, Protozoa) ; Dr. J. Percy Moore 
(Leeches) ; Dr. Charles C. Nutting (Hydroids) ; Dr. Raymond C. 
Osborn (Bryozoa) ; Dr. Henry A. Pilsbry (Barnacles) ; Capt. F. A. 
Potts (Ehizocephalids, Crustacea) ; Prof. Frank Smith (Earth- 
worms, fresh-water sponges) ; Miss Caroline E. Stringer (Turbella- 
ria) ; Dr. W. M. Tattersall (Mysidacea, Crustacea) ; Dr. A. L. Tread- 
well (Annelids) ; Dr. C. B. Wilson (Parasitic and free-swimming 
marine Copepods); Dr. H. V. Wilson (Porifera). The generous 
assistance rendered by the Scripps Institute for Biological Eesearch 
in determining the salinity of 18 water samples obtained by Dr. 
Waldo L. Schmitt in the course of his studies on the South American 
macruran fauna deserves special acknowledgment. 

The generous assistance accorded the curator of moUusks by 
Charles T. Simpson, of Little Eiver, Fla., alluded to in last year's 
report, was continued during the year. Acknowledgment is made 
to Prof. T. D. A,. Cockerell, University of Colorado, for the identifi- 
cation of some slugs; also to Miss Phoebe Knappen, Cornell Uni- 
versity, for the dissection of Cerions. 

Prof. Walter K. Fisher, Stanford University, continued work on 
the starfishes of the North Pacific in connection with the preparation 
of the second part of the monograph on the Asteroidea of the North 
Pacific which is now well on the road to completion. Dr. Hubert 
Lyman Clark, of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, continued 
study of the holothurians of the Albatross Philippine expedition. 

The division of plants acknowledges assistance received from 
Dr. S. F. Blake, who identified and revised a large number of speci- 
69189—27 6 


mens, mainly Compositae, from South America and the western 
United States. The loan of undetermined herbarium material to 
specialists in or out of Washington is usually of benefit to the 
Museum when returned with critical identifications. Names of spe- 
cialists who have rendered such service will be found mentioned later. 

Research of outside investigators aided hy Mv^euni Tnaterial. — 
The facilities for research afforded investigators, not members of the 
official staff of the Museum, have been utilized by a large number of 
students who have either come to the Museum to examine series of 
specimens of critical species and types of described forms or have 
borrowed specimens to supplement that at their disposition else- 
where. Many are the investigators who will testify to the impossi- 
bility of bringing their studies to a satisfying conclusion without the 
aid afforded by the national collections. 

The collection of mammals has been consulted frequently by Drs. 
Adolph H. Schultz, Ernst Huber, and George P. Wislocki of Johns 
Hopkins Medical School, Baltimore. Miss Tagert, secretary to 
Childs Frick, of the American Museum of Natural History, spent 
several days in the division taking measurements of the skulls of 
zebras and certain antelopes. Dr. Dorothy H. Anderson, School of 
Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, N. Y., studied certain points of 
the anatomy of a number of mammals that could only be obtained 
in this Museum. Dr. O. P. Hay, of the Carnegie Institute of Wash- 
ington, has made constant use of the osteological collection in con- 
nection with his work on fossil mammals. The members of the 
United States Biological Survey have had constant access to the 
collections. Mr. Donald Dickey compared specimens of Central 
American mammals. Dr. Paul B. Johnson, of Washington, dis- 
sected many of the mammals sent to the taxidermist shop from the 
Zoological Park, and gave valuable assistance in preparing speci- 
mens of soft parts for preservation in the study series. 

Miss Mary E. Laing, of California, spent much of the time between 
January 6 and May 22, 1927, studying various North American birds 
and consulting publications in the sectional library while preparing 
two popular books on the subject. Miss Mary E. McClellan, assist- 
ant curator of ornithology and mammalogy at the California Acad- 
emy of Sciences, spent two weeks or more examining western United 
States birds for California records, comparing certain Mexican birds, 
and looking up other data. Mr. Donald R. Dickey, of Pasadena, 
Calif., spent several days studying and comparing Central American 
birds, with a view to determining a series of birds from Salvador. 
A. C. Bent, Taunton, Mass., spent three days at the end of March 
studying North American shore birds and their eggs in connection 
with his work on the life histories of North American birds of this 


group. Prof. E. H. Forbush, Boston, Mass., examined woodpeckers, 
cuckoos, kingfishers, and flycatchers in connection with his work on 
the birds of Massachusetts. W. W. Bowen, New York City, exam- 
ined African Aveaver birds of the genus Lagonosticta and starlings 
of the genus Cinm/rlcinclus, and on another visit examined the North 
African species of sand grouse. Herbert W. Brandt, Cleveland, 
Ohio, studied various Alaskan birds and eggs. Dr. George Finlay 
Simmons, of the same place, examined certain African species. 
Charles M. B. Cadwalader, Port Washington, Pa., examined species 
of teal and widgeon from North America and Europe; Dr. Walter 
Koelz, of Michigan, studied gyrf alcons, longspurs, and other species 
from northern America. J. R. Pemberton, Beverly Hills, Calif., 
inspected certain eggs in the North American series, and Ernest G. 
Holt, Montgomery, Ala., examined martins of the genus Progne. 

Mr. Remington Kellogg, of the United States Biological Survey, 
has had a table in the division of reptiles for the continuation of his 
work on Museum amphibians, and a similar privilege was extended 
toward the end of the year to Dr. Hugh M. Smith for his Siamese 
studies. Various distinguished herpetologists have visited the divi- 
sion at intervals, examining material bearing on their investigations, 
among them Dr. Frank N. Blanchard, Percy Viosca, jr.. Dr. E. R. 
Dunn, Dr. A. H. Wright, and J. W. Bailey. 

The collections in the division of fishes were visited by a number 
of specialists examining material in connection with their scientific 
work, namely, Dr. Carl L. Hubbs, Museum of Zoology, University 
of Michigan; W. C. Kendall and S. F. Hildebrand, of the United 
States Bureau of Fisheries ; and H. W. Fowler, Academy of Natural 
Sciences, Philadelphia. 

In the division of insects the officials of the Bureau of Entomology 
liad constant access to the collections, R. A. St. George, S. E. Crumb, 
E. V. Walter, and Dr. J. W. Folsam being especially mentioned as 
having spent considerable time there. A large number of other 
entomologists made use of its facilities throughout visits which often 
extended over a considerable time. Dr. H. Prell, of Dresden, Ger- 
many, spent some time in the division; H. C. Fall, Tyngsboro, Mass., 
during two trips to Washington was materially aided by the study 
of types of species described by the late Colonel Casey, and later 
published notes on some of the species ; C. H. Curran, entomological 
branch. Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada, spent two 
weeks in the Museum in the study of muscoid flies ; Dr. Karl Jordan, 
of Tring Museum, England, for about a month studied types of fleas 
in the collection, in completing a comprehensive monograph of the 
fleas of the world; Dr. J. M. Swaine, Ottawa, Canada, with his co- 
worker, Ralph Hopping, spent about 10 days studying the collection 


and examined type specimens in the Casey collection ; Frank Mason, 
of Philadelphia, was occupied for a day with the Cerambycids in the 
same collection; Dr. Foster H. Benjamin, Decatur, 111., has been 
aided in his investigations by study of types in the collection of 
Lepidoptera; Dr. H. B. Hungerford, of the University of Kansas, 
spent some time examining types chiefly in connection with his re- 
port on aquatic Hemiptera collected for the Museum by the Mulf ord 
Biological Expedition; Dr. E. D. Ball, of Sanford, Fla., spent some 
time at the Museum on two different occasions studying types of leaf 
hoppers; Dr. H. L. Dozier, Newark, Del., was materially aided in 
his investigations on Hemiptera by examining specimens; Dr. J. B. 
Parker, of Catholic University, Washington, D. C, has continued 
studies on the wasps of the subfamily Bembecinae, averaging more 
than one day a week at the Museum, and has completed a synoptic 
review of the genera with descriptions of new species; Robert M. 
Fonts, Washington, D. C, has continued to use the collection in study- 
ing parasites belonging to the superfamily Serphoidea; C. Howard 
Curran, in charge of Diptera in the National Museum of Canada, at 
Ottawa, spent two weeks in Washington studying the collection of 
muscoid flies; E. T. Creeson, jr., Philadelphia, spent a day at the 
Museum studying Diptera; Dr. William A. Hoffman, School of 
Tropical Medicine, Porto Rico, spent some time at the Museum in 
the study of bloodsucking diptera; Dr. A. Avinoff, director of the 
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, was aided in his investigations by 
study of material; Melville B. Grosvenor, of the editorial staff of the 
National Geographic Magazine, was aided in obtaining photographs 
of butterflies and moths to illustrate an article which appeared 
recently in that publication, two photographers of the staff of the 
National Geographic Society working for several weeks under the 
direction of the custodian, Dr. H. G. Dyar, and obtaining material 
for 16 plates in full color ; J. E. Walters, of the Federal Horticultural 
Board, has continued to work on the Thysanoptera. 

Among the visitors of the division of marine invertebrates during 
the year are the following : Dr. J. A. Cushman, specialist on Forami- 
nif era ; M. W. de Laubenf els, who spent some time consulting litera- 
ture and examining Pacific sponges ; Dr. Charles J. Fish, director of 
the Buffalo Museum of Natural History and specialist on marine 
plankton ; Gordon E. Gates, of Rangoon, Burma, specialist on earth- 
worms; Dr. C. Dwight Marsh, specialist on fresh- water Copepods; 
Drs. Stillman Wright and Arthur Willey, who have recently de- 
scribed a number of fresh-water copepods and presented the types to 
the National Museum; Dr. Deogracias V. Villadolid, professor of 
zoology, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, who 
is particularly interested in the Philippine marine life; Dr. Arata 


Terao, professor of zoology in the Imperial Fisheries Institute, 
Tokyo, an ardent student of crustaceans ; and Dr. C. B. Wilson, spe- 
cialist in parasitic and free-swimming marine Copepods. Dr. H. C. 
Kellers, United States Navy, paid a visit to the division before sailing 
for Nicaragua, where he expects to secure further collections for the 
Museum. Capt. Robert A. Bartlett, who recently returned from the 
Putnam Greenland expedition and donated a number of specimens to 
the national collections, also visited the division before joining the 
second Putnam expedition in Baffin Land. Laboratory facilities 
were afforded Dr. Theodore Mortensen and Miss Elizabeth Deich- 
mann, for study of collections in the division of Echinoderms. 

The collection of recent mollusks have been freely consulted by 
Drs. Wendell C. Mansfield, W. P. Woodring, C. W. Cooke, and Julia 
Gardner, members of the staff of the Geological Survey, who have had 
constant use of specimens for comparative purposes. Miss Harriett 
Bundick is continuing on the Philij)pine Epitoniidae; Mrs. Mary 
Quick Bowman has finished dissecting 100 hybrid Cerions for Doctor 
Bartsch; Miss Elizabeth Parker is working on a correlation of the 
shell with the radula of the family Neritidae; Miss Lucy Reardon has 
completed her anatomic studies of certain fresh-water mussels ; while 
Messrs. Irving Erschler, John Borelli, Samuel Koronefsky, and Miss 
Blanche Cullen have been working on radula of West Indian and 
Philippine mollusks. 

The following individuals have spent varying lengths of time, rang- 
ing from a few hours to weeks in the division of mollusks, examining 
and studying material; Dr. RoUin H. Stevens, Detroit, Mich.; Mr. 
and Mrs. Lewis B. Stillwell, Princeton, N. J. ; Mrs. Howard Roberts 
Bliss, Long Island, N. Y. ; Frederick Morris Reed, Riverside, Calif. ; 
Charles H. Brodin, Detroit, Mich. ; Dr. Thomas L. Southworth, New 
York City ; Curtis A. Perry, Bridgeport, Conn. ; Mrs. Albert Willis 
and her sister, Louisville, Ky. ; James Gutsell, Beaufort, N. C; 
William G. Mazyck, Charleston, S. C. ; Mrs. L. M. Perry, Asheville, 
N. C. ; Wellington Martin and Dr. Sylvia B. Martin, Lake Hopat- 
cong, N. J. ; and Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Everhart, Norfolk, Ya. 

Dr. Th. Mortensen, of the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Dan- 
mark, spent a month in the division of Echinoderms, studying sea 
urchins of the family Cidaridae in connection with the preparation 
of a monograph on the Echinoidea on which he is now engaged ; Dr. 
Elizabeth Deichmann, of Copenhagen, spent a week at the Museum 
in work, on the holothurians. 

Among the many out-of-town botanists who have visited the 
National Herbarium in connection with special studies are the follow- 
ing, with mention of their projects: Prof. B. C. Tharp, University 
of Texas (vegetation of Texas) ; Prof. H. M. Hall, Univernity of 
California (Compositae of the western United States) ; Dr. F. W. 


Pennell, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Scrophu- 
lariaceae of South America) ; Carl Epling, University of. California, 
southern branch (plants of the Northwestern States) ; Dr. Frank 

D. Kern, Pennsylvania State College (rusts of West Indian plants) ; 

E. B. Bartram, Bushkill, Pa. (mosses of the southwestern United 
States) ; Prof. Le Roy Abrams, Stanford University (several families 
of plants in connection with the preparation of manuscript for 
volume 2 of the Illustrated Flora of the Pacific Coast) ; Dr. M. O. 
Malte, National Herbarium of Canada, Ottawa (grasses of Canada) ; 
Albert W. Steward, University of Nanking (flora of China, especi- 
ally grasses) ; Dr. Ryozo Kanehira, Government Research Institute, 
Formosa (flora of the South American Andes) ; Dr. John Briquet, 
director of the Delessert Herbarium and of the Botanical Garden, 
Geneva, Switzerland (grasses and herbarium management) ; Lyman 
B. Smith, Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (tropical Ameri- 
can Bromeliacea) ; C. W. Powell, Balboa, Canal Zone (orchids) ; 
Prof. Harold St. John, Washington State College (certain groups 
of North American aquatic plants) ; T. A. Sprague, Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Kew (tropical American species of Dilleniaceae) ; Dr. J. K. 
Small, New York Botanical Garden (flora of the southeastern United 
States) ; and W. E. Manning, Cornell University (Juglandaceae). 

Much material, in many instances large collections, has been sent 
out to investigators not residing in Washington to assist in their 
researches. The importance of this service may be seen from the 
following list, which embraces the more important loans sent out. 
From the division of mammals to the Western Reserve University, 
school of medicine, anatomical laboratory, 2 complete gorilla skele- 
tons for use by Dr. W. L. Straus, jr., in a study of the differences 
between the skeletons of the mountain and plain gorillas; Colorado 
Museum of Natural History, Denver, 4 skulls of Virginia deer ; Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh, 1 beaver skull and a young beaver in alcohol ; 
American Museum of Natural History, New York, alcoholic bats for 
examination of the stomach contents by Dr. G. G. Goodwin, and the 
pelvic bones of a whale for study by Dr. F. A. Lucas; Museum of 
Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, Calif., 542 specimens of weasels for 
E. Raymond Hall ; Museum of Comparative Zoology, for G. M. 
Allen, 4 bats for study in connection with a monograph of the Ameri- 
can species of Myotis^ and 1 Chinese rabbit; British Museum of 
Natural History, London, a skin and skull of Marmosa imfavida for 
study by Oldfield Thomas. Institutions and individuals borrowed 
a total of 393 specimens of birds during the year, as follows: The 
American Museum of Natural History, for Dr. Frank M. Chapman 
and W. W. Bowen; British Museum of Natural History, for W. L. 
Sclater; Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, for W. E. Clyde Todd; Field 


Museum of Natural History, Chicago, 56 specimens of birds to assist 
Dr. C. E. Hellmayr in studies of Asiatic and South American birds, 
and 15 skins of parrots and warblers from the Isle of Pines and Swan 
Island for Pierce Brodkorb; Museum of Comparative Zoology, 31 
skins for Outram Bangs and James L. Peters ; Museum of Vertebrate 
Zoology, Berkeley, skulls and sterna of fox sparrows for Jean Lins- 
dale, and 12 skins for Dr. Joseph Grinnell ; Eaffles Museum, Singa- 
pore, 9 flycatchers of the genus Cyomis, for the use of C. Boden 
Klose; University of Kansas Museum of Birds and Mammals, 27 
skeletons of woodpeckers for the use of W. H. Burt; Zoological 
Museum, Tring, England, 2 blood pheasants Ithaginis rochi from 
China, to enable Lord Rothschild to make comparisons with a related 
species ; Donald R. Dickey, Pasadena, Calif ; Dr. E. L. Furlong, Uni- 
versity of California ; Ira N. Gabrielson, Portland, Oreg. ; Arthur T. 
Wayne, Mount Pleasant, S. C. Specimens of reptiles and amphibians 
were borrowed by Miss Olive Griffith StuU, Northampton, Mass.; 
Dr. Thomas Barbour and J. W. Bailey, Museum of Comparative 
Zoology, Cambridge, Mass.; Dr. T. D. A. Cockerell, University of 
Colorado ; C. E. Burt, Manhatten, Kans. ; Dr. E. R. Dunn, Northamp- 
ton, Mass. ; Dr. F. N. Blanchard, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; L. M. Klauber, 
San Diego, Calif. ; and Dr. A. do Amaral, Glenolden, Pa. A specimen 
of Raia granulata was loaned to W. C. Schroeder, United States 
Bureau of Fisheries. 

Entomological material was loaned to a large number of institu- 
tions and investigators to aid in their studies. There has been very 
little call for the loan of marine invertebrates this year, only two 
having been made to the New York Zoological Society. Dr. H. A. 
Pilsbry, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and Dr. 
Frank C. Baker, University of Illinois, borrowed some mollusks. 
Holothurians of the family Psolidae were sent to the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology for study by Miss Deichmann. Some speci- 
mens of the starfish Gtenodiscus procurator were sent to Copenhagen 
for study by Mr. Ingvald Lieberkind in connection with his work on 
this genus. Five specimens of the sand dollar {Echinarachnius 
parma) from Alaska and a number of sea urchins were sent to Dr. 
Th. Mortensen for detailed study in connection with material in the 
Zoological Museum at Copenhagen. Two four-rayed sea urchins 
were sent to Prof. Robert T. Jackson for study in connection with 
his work on abnormal echinoids. 

The researches of many outside investigators have been facilitated 
by the loan of mounted specimens from the National Herbarium. 
Thus, 45 lots of material, aggregating 1,251 specimens, have been lent 
during the year to 13 investigators in the Department of Agriculture, 
chiefly in the Bureau of Plant Industry, The material lent for 


study to institutions or to individuals outside of Washington con- 
sists of 93 lots aggregating 6,693 specimens. The more important 
sendings are as follows: University of California, 1,166 specimens; 
Edwin B. Bartram, Bushkill, Pa., 805 specimens; Gray Herbarium, 
Harvard University, 788 specimens ; University of Illinois, 741 speci- 
mens; G. K. Merrill, Eockland, Me., 620 specimens; Botanical Gar- 
den and Museum, Berlin-Dahlem, Germany, 613 specimens of 
Meiborrhiai; University of Wyoming, 467 specimens of OreocarycA; 
New York Botanical Garden, 355 specimens; Missouri Botanical 
Garden, 174 specimens; Eoyal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, 130 
specimens; University of Montreal, Canada, 126 specimens of 



Under this heading there was given in last year's report a sum- 
mary of the multifarious questions and problems submitted to the 
staff for answer and solution, which constitute a considerable part 
of the service rendered to the public in general as well as to several 
important Government branches, and which occupied no small por- 
tion of the time of the force. Many of these inquiries are of consid- 
erable importance and demand the closest attention. Others while 
apparently trivial, yet may cause time-consuming search for reply 
both circumstantial and courteous. The following is a brief sum- 
mary of some of the more important. 

In the division of mammals in addition to assistance rendered to 
outsiders doing research work there and the usual miscellaneous in- 
quiries detailed reports were made on a total of 30 lots, including 
about 140 specimens in all. In the division of birds, information 
and other cooperation was given to the members of the Biological 
Survey who had occasion to prosecute work in the division; some 
identifications were furnished the National Zoological Park and the 
Bureau of Standards; specimens were identified for the Zoological 
Museum, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Kent Scientific 
Museum, Grand Rapids, Mich.; California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco; Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, Calif.; 
Everhart Museum, Scranton, Pa, Bone material, fossil or recent, 
was determined for the Natural History Museum, San Diego, Calif. ; 
American Museum of Natural History, New York; Colorado 
Museum of Natural History, Denver. Other assistance was given 
to individuals as to A. C. Bent on the manuscript of one volume an^ 
proof of another of his " Life histories of North American birds " ; 
G. M. Mathews on proof of part 1 of the Systema Avium dealing 
with the birds of the East Indies, Australia, and the Pacific Islands ; 


E. C. McGregor on the nomenclature of a manuscript relating to 
a group of Philippine birds ; 16 or more lots of birds and bones from 
as many institutions and individuals were received and reported on 
during the year. In the division of reptiles, Miss Cochran has 
identified a number of lizards and frogs taken by the Federal Horti- 
cultural Board at points of entry for foreign plants. A considerable 
number of letters from individuals relating to herpetological matters 
have been answered and written reports made on many separate lots 
of material received for identification. Assistance by members of the 
staff of the division of fishes has been rendered to various members 
of the staff of the Bureau of Fisheries in the identification of mate- 
rial; and a number of lots of fishes received from the International 
Health Board, New York City, were named and a duplicate series 
returned. These were, for the most part, fishes which feed on the 
larvae of insects injurious to health. Eighteen lots of fishes were 
received for determination, mostly of minor importance. 

The principal work of the division of insects as at present organ- 
ized is the identification of material for the Bureau of Entomology. 
As indicative of this work during the year there have been received 
for report by the section of Hymenoptera 508 lots, and in Diptera 
1,304 lots. A great deal of the material above referred to comes from 
other bureaus, as the Federal Horticultural Board, as well as experi- 
ment stations scattered throughout the country. The work is of 
necessity largely handled through the staff of the Bureau of Ento- 
mology. The division has identified much material for institutions 
and individual entomologists. 

There have been numerous calls from other Government bureaus 
for information and determinations of animals falling within the 
scope of the division of marine invertebrates. By far the greatest 
demand upon the division has been by the Federal Horticultural 
Board for the identification of invertebrates found on plant impor- 
tations. Twenty-two lots, comprising 112 specimens, were named for 
the board. Similar services have been rendered the Bureau of Fish- 
eries, the United States Department of Commerce, the Bureau of 
Biological Survey, the Bureau of Entomology, the United States 
Department of Agriculture, and the United States Geological Sur- 
vey. For other museums, scientific and related institutions, numerous 
identifications were made directly or were arranged through the 
many specialists with whom the division is in constant touch. As- 
sistance was also rendered in the shape of reports prepared on col- 
lections submitted for determination. During the past year assist- 
ance was likewise rendered to the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York City; the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia; 
and the Museo Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Considerable assistance 


was given to university students and professors with regard to re- 
search and thesis work, either in the form of pertinent references or 
information, or, as more often is the case, by furnishing authorita- 
tive identifications of the material upon which their studies are 
based. A detailed account of these activities would fill several pages. 
For private individuals and firms 24 lots, including 322 specimens, 
have been determined. The number of lots of material received for 
identification during the year totals 117, necessitating more than 1,500 

The division of Mollusks has determined for the Federal Horti- 
cultural Board 29 lots of various organisms which have adventi- 
tiously been imported with plant stock to indicate whether these 
were dangerous to agricultural pursuits. In all, 1,429 lots of mate- 
rial have been received for identification. The assistance rendered 
by the curator of Echinoderms to outside organizations and individ- 
uals, beyond the usual correspondence, consisted in identifying 52 
lots of material received for that purpose during the year. 

A large number of inquiries has come concerning herbarium 
management and such matters as plant distribution, the selection of 
helpful botanical literature and the economic uses of plants, but 
the great majority handled relate to the identification of botanical 
material, some shipments containing hundreds or even thousands of 
specimens. In accordance with the traditional policy and spirit of 
the Institution, every effort is made to accede promptly to all requests 
for assistance. In particular the work of identification has grown 
steadily in recent years. During the year just closed a total of 300 
lots of plants consisting of 14,107 specimens were examined, the 
identifications in all cases being furnished to the senders. The 
material thus reported upon was chiefly American, and came not 
only from private individuals, but from various governmental and 
educational agencies in the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, 
South America, and Europe, as also from several State experiment 
stations and bureaus in the Department of Agriculture. Special 
mention should be made of one large lot of Mexican and Central 
American flowering plants collected long ago by Liebman and 
Oersted, which was forwarded by the Botanical Museum of Copen- 
hagen for identification, and of several lots, chiefly Central American 
trees, received similarly from the Yale School of Forestry. These 
collections contained many species new not only to the National 
Herbarium but to science. Further help has been extended by Mr. 
Standley in furnishing abstracts of botanical papers for publication 
in Botanical Abstracts, and by Dr. J. N. Hose in testifying as ah 
expert for the Government in an important lawsuit. 



Large collections of moUusks and other marine invertebrates from 
the eastern Atlantic north of Cape Hatteras, originally gathered by 
the United States Commission of Fisheries and since transferred to 
the Museum, had been intrusted to the custody of Prof. A. E. Verrill 
of the Peabody Museum, Yale University, for report. In 1907, that 
portion vs^hich had been identified up to that time was shipped to the 
Museum, the rest remaining at the Peabody Museum in Professor 
Verrill's care. After his death on December 10, 1926, the Museum 
was informed by the authorities of Yale University that the col- 
lections, which in the meanwhile had been moved several times into 
different buildings, were at its disposal. Dr. J. E. Benedict, assistant 
curator, who packed and invoiced the collections in 1907, was, there- 
fore, sent to New Haven where he spent five days in searching out 
the material belonging to the National Museum and packing what 
could be found. Since his return to Washington he has checked 
systematically the material received with the records, a slow and 
difficult task which is still unfinished. Lack of funds for the purpose 
have prevented travel by Museum employees for the purpose of 
attending scientific meetings or visiting other museums or libraries 
for the purpose of studying specimens, literature or methods, except 
at personal or other outside expense. It goes without saying that 
under such circumstances presonal contact between the staff and 
specialists of other institutions has been more restricted than is 

The curator of mammals, Gerrit S. Miller, spent two days at the 
American Museum of Natural History and one at the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology. Dr. A. Wetmore and Dr. C. W. Richmond 
visited the National Museum of Canada in Ottawa during October 
and examined fossil and modern bird material there on the occasion 
of the annual meeting of the American Ornithologists' Union. 
Doctor Wetmore also spent some time in the ornithological library 
at McGill University in Montreal. B. A. Bean, assistant curator 
of fishes, visited the Academy of Sciences in Philadelphia upon 
several occasions to confer with Dr. H. W. Fowler upon the report 
on the fishes of the Philippine Islands. During one of these visits 
he assisted Doctor Fowler in selecting specimens from Hawaii and 
neighboring islands mentioned under the year's accessions. Dr. 
Paul Bartsch was detailed to serve as expert witness in a case against 
the United States Shipping Board for losses sustained in the ship- 
ment of a cargo of mahogany timber from Africa to Boston. W. L. 
Brown and C. R. Aschemeier, of the taxidermist force, visited New 
York during the autumn for the p'urpose of studying technique 
for making rockwork accessories in connection with the group of 


Rocky Mountain sheep, noted elsewhere in this report. From July 
8 to 10, 1926, Austin H, Clark, curator of echinoderms, attended a 
meeting in Denver of the advisory committee on source bed studies 
of the American Petroleum Institute, acting in cooperation with the 
National Research Council. From December 26, 1926, to January 
1, 1927, he was in Philadelphia attending the meetings of the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of Science as an official dele- 
gate from the Smithsonian Institution and also as news manager for 
the association. Mrs. Agnes Chase, associate botanist in the grass 
herbarium, spent about two months in Europe studying the type 
specimens of certain American grasses in the herbaria at Berlin, 
Paris, Geneva, and Vienna. Dr. J. N. Rose, associate curator of 
plants, spent several weeks in studying leguminous plants at the 
Gray Herbarium and the New York Botanical Garden, in connection 
with joint monographic work with Dr. N. L. Britton, previously 
mentioned. A number of the honorary custodians, members of the 
staff of the Bureau of Entomology, visited various institutions on 
work directly beneficial to the Museum as follows : Dr. E. A. Chapin 
visited the collections of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Phila- 
delphia and the American Museum of Natural History, New York, 
comparing specimens with the types housed in these institutions. 
H. S. Barber went to Mount Vernon, N. Y., at the expense of the 
Bureau of Entomology, and brought back to Washington the exten- 
sive collection of water beetles given to the Museum by John D. 
Sherman, jr. In the month of June Doctor Chapin went to Spring- 
field, Mass., to arrange for the packing and shipping of the insect 
collection of Dr. George Dimmock. Doctor Diminock had expressed 
a desire to deposit in the National Museum his extensive collection 
of adult and immature stages with his notes on their rearing. This 
collection will come to the Museum early in the next fiscal year. 
A. N. Caudell, Dr. H. E. Ewing, S. A. Rohwer, and Dr. J. M. 
Aldrich attended the meetings of the American Association ior the 
Advancement of Science which were held in Philadelphia. During 
the year S. A. Rohwer examined types in the Academy of Natural 
History, and Mr. Cushman spent a week in Philadelphia compar- 
ing specimens of ichneumon flies with the Cresson and Davis types 
in the Academy of Natural Sciences. 


Duplicates distributed to high schools, colleges, and other similar 
institutions aggregated 1,137 specimens, of which 596 consisted of 
moUusks in four prepared sets, and 219 of fishes, also in four sets. 

Exchanges to the number of 23,363 were sent out, of which 1,232 
were zoological specimens. Of the 22,131 plants thus distributed, 


exchanges comprising lots of 1,000 specimens and over were sent to 
the Arnold Arboretum, Gray Herbarium, New York Botanical Gar- 
den, and the Natural History Museum at Vienna, Austria ; the others 
were distributed to 126 correspondents and institutions. 


The number of specimens, including duplicates, as far as it has 
been ascertained by count and subsequent estimate, or by estimate 
alone, now exceeds 7,700,000. The total number is probably much 
greater, since several collections, such as the corals, have not been 
included in the estimates, nor does the number of plants given below 
include unmounted material or the lower cryptogams. 

^. . . Estimated numter 

Division : of si)eciniens 

Mammals 82,773 

Skins 231, 988 

Alcoholics 7, 974 

Skeletons 9, 341 

Eggs . 81, 391 

330, 694 

Reptiles and amphibians 82, 571 

Fishes 695,639 

Insects 2, 698, 692 

Marine invertebrates 763, 119 

Helminths 35, 687 

MoUusks 1, 588, 021 

Echinoderms 151,916 

Plants 1, 298, 440 

Total 7, 727, 552 

By Geoege p. Merrill, Head Curator 

The year has been one of unprecedented activity and prosperity 
in this department. This is due mainly to the acquisition of two 
large mineral collections with accompanying endowments, noted 
later, a collection made by Dr. W. F. Foshag in Mexico, and im- 
portant additions to the paleontological collections obtained mainly 
through efforts of members of the staff. 

Exploratory work was largely cooperative, or undertaken at per- 
sonal expense, but was highly beneficial not only to the collections, 
but in establishing relations with active workers elsewhere, and in 
presenting an opportunity to study field prospects, collections, and 


Although the number of accessions is less, the total of specimens 
and their value are overwhelmingly greater than last year when 
221 accessions with a total of 45,895 specimens were recorded. The 
accessions of the present year are tabulated below : 



Geology, systematic and applied _. _ _ 




Mineralogy and petrology __ _ _ 

26, 000 

Stratigraphic paleontology. 

160, 000 

Vertebrate paleontology __ 


Total.. . _._. ______ 


176, 781 

Of primary importance are the Washington A. Koebling and 
Frederick A. Canfield mineral collections. The first mentioned, the 
gift of Mr. John A. Roebling, placed in the Museum one of the best 
known and most complete private collections of minerals in exist- 
ence. Comprised of approximately 16,000 specimens it embraces 
almost the entire number of known mineral species, and contains 
much valuable material for exhibition. It is in its completeness, 
however, that its scientific value lies, and it is a distinct gratifica- 
tion that Mr. Roebling recognized the benefit to science in placing 
these rare specimens in the National Museum, where after their final 
installation they will be accessible to all accredited students. Mr. 



Roebling further provided for keeping the collection up to its pres- 
ent standard by an endowment of $150,000, through which several 
unusual specimens already have been added to both exhibition and 
study series. From a fund previously deposited by Colonel Roeb- 
ling several exceptional specimens were secured, notably one of 
purpurite and some rare Franklin Furnace minerals. 

On July 27, 1926, notification was received of the bequest to the 
Institution by Frederick A. Canfield, of Dover, N. J., of his min- 
eral collection of upward of 9,000 specimens, with an endowment 
of $50,000. Although this collection had long been known to our 
curators, the bequest came as a pleasing surprise, no intimation hav- 
ing been received that Mr. Canfield had considered the Smithsonian 
as a depository. The collection is notable for its fine examples of 
Franklin Furnace, N. J., minerals, although containing also series 
of Bolivian silver compounds, complete suites of various rare min- 
erals from localities now unavailable, and which are now therefore 
almost priceless, and many rare and beautiful showy specimens for 
exhibition purposes. The collection had been completely catalogued 
by Mr. Canfield, and the beauty and value of many of the specimens 
have been emphasized by the long hours spent by him in removing 
the matrix from the crystal groups. 

In cooperation with Harvard University, Dr. W. F. Foshag, dur- 
ing a summer's field work, was enabled to secure an exceptionally 
fine lot of minerals and ores from the mining regions of northern 
Mexico. Groups and clusters of mammoth gypsum crystals from 
caves in Naica are the outstanding exhibition minerals of this collec- 
tion. These are supplemented by wulfenites, pyromorphites, des- 
cloizites, pyrrhotites, spurrites — some of exceptional quality — and 
series of ores representative of the mines visited. 

The existing series of radium ores and radioactive minerals was 
materially increased by the transfer of materials purchased for the 
Sesquicentennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Varieties of the ores 
from the Belgian Congo are worthy of especial note. The national 
collections are now exceptionally rich in these interesting minerals. 

Incidental to the head curator's visit to Europe during the sum- 
mer of 1926, an unusual opportunity was offered to secure many 
objects of interest for the gem collection, through the Chamberlain 
fund. These included carved objects and cut gems of which par- 
ticular mention should be made of two beryls, one pink (morganite) 
and one green-yellow ("heliodor ") ; a kunzite from Madagascar; 
a peridot; beads of the different varieties of quartz; and a series 
of synthetic rubies and sapphires. The carved objects are of lapis- 
lazuli, serpentine, agate, and others. Of other acquisitions througli 
the Chamberlain fund, the most important are two Brazilian dia- 
mond crystals in the matrix, estimated to weigh 6 and 7 carats. A 


yellow sapphire weighing 25 carats ; three cut gems, beryl, phenacite, 
and tourmaline; a natural crystal and a cut stone of yellow spodu- 
mene; a small pink diamond; and two strings of beads of Baltic 
amber with three polished pieces of the fluorescent Sicilian amber, 
are all worthy of note. 

Individual gifts to the gem collection comprise a series of Brazilian 
gem minerals in rough and cut form, presented by Capt. Hugh 
Barclay, military attache at Rio Janeiro, and 24 cut tourmalines from 
Maine, selected to show variety of color, donated by Dr. W. B. 
Moulton, of Portland. 

The chief source of material to the division of systematic and ap- 
plied geology was as usual the United States Geological Survey, nine 
sets of rocks and ores illustrative of published reports being among 
the transfers. Of exhibition value are white crystalline masses of 
cerussite, one weighing upward of 40 pounds, donated by the West 
Toledo Mining Co., of Alta, Utah, through Victor C. Heikes, to whom 
we are constanly indebted for his watchfulness in securing valuable 
material which is brought to his notice. A 410-pound mass of sphal- 
erite coated with chalcopyrite crystals, and a mass of crystallized 
galena, both from the Crutchfield mine, north of Joplin, Mo., were 
presented by F. Sansom, of Joplin. 

Through arrangements made by the head curator while in Europe, 
the Geological Survey of the Union of South Africa presented a 
series of ores with associated rocks and minerals from the new South 
African platinum deposits; and the Geological Survey of Great 
Britain, a series illustrating the geology of the island of Mull and 
a mass of English chalk with its included flints. 

Additions to the meteorite collection have been large in point of 
numbers owing to the acquisition of those of the Canfield and Roeb- 
ling collections, and though to a considerable extent duplicating 
what we already have, are in several cases worthy of note. Of 
primary importance are two complete individual irons weighing, 
respectively, 111,360 and 305,450 grams, from Oakley, Idaho, and 
the Wallapai Indian Reservation of Arizona, both credited to the 
Roebling fund. It was through the kindly intervention of Supt. 
William A. Light, of the agency, and Indian Commissioner Charles 
A. Burke that the latter was secured. A 21,250-gram iron from 
Bolivia in the Canfield collection should be noted and in the Roebling 
collection were the following: A 250-gram slice of the Ensisheim, 
Upper Alsace, stone of 1492; two excellent slices of the Staunton, 
Va., iron, weighing 912, and 2,200 grams, each containing large sec- 
tions of nodular troilite and carbon; two slices of the Wichita, 
Tex., iron, weighing 612 and 13,700 grams; a fairly complete indi- 
vidual stone, weighing 900 grams of the Homestead fall ; and others 
69199—27 7 


from various sources, weighing from 5 to 1,000 grams. Through 
exchanges there were obtained an 86-gram, slice of the stone of 
Supuhee, India; a beautifully complete example of the Hessle, 
Sweden, fall, weighing 282 grams ; and a 1,405-gram portion, repre- 
senting approximately one-half of a stone seen to fall during the 
past year near Florence, Williamson County, Tex. The total num- 
ber of individual additions has been 35, of which 9 are new to the 

A collection of Mesozoic and Cenozoic fossils containing approxi- 
mately 100,000 specimens, presented by Ferdinand Canu, of Versailles, 
France, constitutes the most important accession of the year in the 
division of stratigraphic paleontology. This material is of value in 
that it contains, in addition to a large series of accurately labeled 
French fossils, quantities of washings with microfossils from many 
classic localities of western Euroi)e, and a great number of European 
post-Paleozoic corals which hitherto have been represented in the Na- 
tional Museum by a very few species. The division has been fortu- 
nate also in securing, through personal efforts of members of the 
staff, other important collections from widely separated foreign 

Collections made in the field by members of the staff of the division 
were as follows: Dr. R. S. Bassler collected over 5,000 specimens in 
Germany and France; C. E. Resser and Erwin Pohl secured 800 
from Devonian and Carboniferous, 600. from the Canadian, and 5,000 
from the Cambrian rocks of Utah and Montana; and Mr. Pohl, in 
the course of field work in western New York and Ontario, obtained 
approximately 15,000 Middle and Upper Devonian invertebrates and 

In the course of her studies of the higher Crustacea, Dr. Mary 
E-athbun examined all important collections from the Pacific slope of 
North America, and from these obtained for the Museum numerous 
types and other studied material. Twelve accessions record dona- 
tions by Stanford University, the California Academy of Sciences, 
Peabody Museum of Yale University, University of Washington, 
University of Oregon, and others. Additional material which has 
added appreciably to the value of the collections consists of Carbon- 
iferous Ostracoda and Foraminifera, from Oklahoma, presented by 
Bruce H. Plarlton, of Tulsa ; and Devonian forms from Iowa described 
and presented by C. H. Belanski, Nora Springs, Iowa, 

Gifts by E. H. Vaupel and an exchange with C. O. Schlemmer, 
both of Cincinnati, added about 1,500 excellently preserved Silurian 
fossils from a newly discovered locality in southwestern Ohio. Men- 
tion may also be made of Carboniferous fossils from Missouri, pre- 
sented by Frank T. Ransom, Greenwood, Mo. ; a large slab illustrat- 


ing the Ordovician -Devonian unconformity in Alabama, by Dr. 
Walter B. Jones, University of Alabama; Middle Cambrian and 
Lower Ordovician fossils from Utah, by Frank Beckwith, Delta, 
Utah; and small but important collections from the Cambrian of 
New York and Missouri, presented respectively by Dr. A. F. Foerste, 
Dayton, Ohio, and Prof. Josiah Bridge, RoUa, Mo. 

Transfers from the United States Geological Survey comprise 
Cambrian fossils from Utah and the Grand Canyon, Ariz., and 72 
described specimens of echinoderms and moUusks from North and 
South Carolina. 

Of the eleven exchanges received by this division, the most note- 
worthy was that from Williams College, comprising 1,060 inverte- 
brates from the Devonian of Wisconsin, and including many types 
and original drawings. From Ward's Natural Science Establish- 
ment were obtained 5,000 fossils from various European Paleozoic 
and Mesozoic formations, many microfossils from the Eocene of 
southern German}^, 250 invertebrates from the Warsaw and Knob- 
stone groups of Indiana, and a Jurassic ammonite from Wyoming. 
From the New York State Museum was acquired a large collection of 
European Foraminifera and Ostracoda, valuable for consultation and 
study. Purchases were limited to a single specimen, a fossil squid of 
great rarity from Kansas. 

The accessions in paleobotany include 137 Mesozoic and Cenozoic 
plants from Sweden, forwarded as the first of a proposed series of 
exchanges whereby the National Museum will receive post-Paleozoic 
plants from Europe and Asia now under study at the Riksmuseum at 
Stockholm. A large exhibition slab of the primitive fossil plant 
Gryptosoon^ obtained and presented by E. O. Ulrich and H. D. Miser. 
should also be mentioned. 

Of first importance among the accessions of fossil vertebrates is the 
material exhibited at the Sesquicentennial Exposition, consisting 
of fish, turtle, and lizard skeletal remains fi'om the Niobrara Upper 
Cretaceous chalk of western Kansas. Especially noteworthy are the 
nearly complete skeleton of a large fish {Portheus molossus) 12 feet in 
length and of unique interest in having the partially digested skeleton 
of a smaller fish within the abdominal cavity; three large marine 
turtles {Protostega gigas) with a painted restoration; and two skele- 
tons of the marine lizard Platecarpu^ coryphaeus^ which sufficiently 
supplement one another as to make feasible their combination into 
a single mount. Additional material from the same locality, accjuired 
by purchase, gives to the Museum a very adequate representation of 
this interesting marine fauna. 

By far the most important mammalian material acquired is a 
partial skeleton of a large mammoth, the bones of which were uncov- 
ered during the course of excavations by the Venice Co. of Florida, 

90 HEPoiit OF iirAi:ioiirAL MtrsfiUM, 192*7 

who assumed practically all the expense of recovery. The preserved 
parts include nearly complete lower jaws, both upper molars, parts of 
both tusks, and sufficient number of foot and toe bones to restore 
a fore and hind foot, and other fragmentary pieces. 

Interesting phytosaurian remains from the Triassic were received 
through the generosity of N. H. Brown, of Lander, Wyo., and W. W. 
McPherson, Lubbock, Tex.; Dr. C, N. Fenner, of the Carnegie Insti- 
tution of Washington, presented a reptile found in New Jersey 
which proves to be a form new to science; and G. F. Sternberg 
donated remains of Hesperornis and Ichthi/o^mis, both among the 
rarest of fossil birds. 

Other materials deemed worthy of mention are Pleistocene fossils 
from Alaska secured by Dr. A. Hrdlicka ; a lower jaw of a new species 
of marten from the Miocene of Montana, gift of C. A. Kinsey ; casts 
of the lower jaws of the mastodon Trilophodon a/nffustideiis, the 
original of which is in the museum at Lyon, France, and of the type 
of Thesceiosaurvis wwreni, a Canadian dinosaur, furnished by the 
.American Museum of Natural History ; and fine skulls of fossil horses 
from Alaska, received from Martin Matusuka and the United States 
Geological Survey. 


Changes in the exhibition halls were mainly incidental to the 
proper display of newly acquired materials or the introduction of 
exhibits prepared for the Sesquicentennial Exposition, and the 
Smithsonian conference of February, 1927. In the mineral hall, a 
specially built case provided with electric lighting contains the finer 
examples of polished opals and the cut gems of the Roebling collec- 
tion, one flat-top case contains a number of the finer mineral speci- 
mens, and on either side of this, one side of each of the upright cases 
has been utilized to display miscellaneous minerals selected for their 
coloring and unique form, thus forming an alcove devoted entirely 
to the Eoebling collection. Under the window on a pedestal is an 
unusual group of California tourmalines. The famous 12%-inch 
crystal ball loaned by the Fukushima Co. of New York forms here 
a centerpiece of unrivaled beauty. 

It was hoped that a similar exhibit of the Canfield collection could 
be installed, but in the absence of the curator and with the small 
force available, this has been found as yet impossible. Such exhibi- 
tion will be arranged at as early a date as is practicable. 

In a small Kensington case which was available has been placed a 
temporary exhibit of some of the gypsum crystals secured in Mexico 
by Doctor Foshag. 

The exhibit at the Sesquicentennial Exposition at Philadelphia, 
showing the characteristic coal measures plants of Pennsylvania 


which contributed to the making of the coal beds, proved of general 
interest and upon its return was incorporated into the regular 
paleobotanical series. Similarly the fossil seaweeds from the pre- 
Cambrian rocks of the Western States, illustrating the earliest 
known forms of life, and the unique fossil animals of Middle Cam- 
brian time discovered by Secretary Walcott at Burgess Pass, British 
Columbia, were also added to the permanent series, as were three of 
the exhibits prepared for the Smithsonian conference on February 

With the installation in the Museum of the vertebrate fossils exhib- 
ited in Philadelphia, all of the more important representatives of the 
Niobrara fauna of the Upper Cretaceous period are now contained 
in our series. A 12-foot skeleton of a fish {Portheus molossus Cope) 
and a giant marine turtle {Protostega gigas Cope) are shown as bas 
reliefs, the latter accompanied by a painted restoration by R. Bruce 
Horsfall which gives an idea of the appearance in life of the animal. 
A second specimen of the same species is temporarily installed, the 
bones being effectively displayed in an articulated position in sand. 
This will eventually be made into an open mount. An articulated 
skeleton of the extinct swimming reptile, Platecarpus coryphaeus 
Cope, is also shown. 

Of the mammoth from Venice, Fla., sufficient restorations have 
been made to warrant their being placed in a wall case in the main 
exhibition hall. 

Exhibits illustrating the activities of all divisions of the depart- 
ment were prepared for inspection by those attending the Smith- 
sonian conference on February 11. The division of geology pre- 
sented an illustration of the phenomena of fall and different vari- 
eties of meteorites; a series illustrating the weathering of rocks and 
formation of soil; and a series illustrating the chemical processes 
involved in the formation and oxidation of metallic ore deposits. 
The assistant curator of mineralogy chose a study in mineral genesis, 
selecting the California pegmatites to illustrate his problem. The 
curator of stratigraphic paleontology prepared four exhibits — (1) 
the oil shale problem, (2) the evolution of plant life, (3) the study 
of microorganisms from core and churn drillings, and (4) the prog- 
ress in studies of Cambrian geology. Vertebrate paleontology was 
represented by two exhibits, one illustrating several phases of 
paleontological work, especially the collecting, preparing, and restor- 
ing of large dinosaurian fossils ; the other showed some of the results 
of paleontological field work in Florida, particularly in its relation 
to the occurrence of fossil human remains. 

The main activities of the entire force during the year were 
centered in the laboratories and workrooms. The packing and 
unpacking of the large collections previously noted made heavy 


drafts upon our resources, particularly as much shifting was nec- 
essary in order to make space for the great amount of expansion 
involved. In the course of this, some 7,000 lots of metallic ores 
turned over by the United States Geological Survey in 1925 were 
gone over and about 1,000 specimens selected for permanent pres- 
ervation. These were set aside to await cataloguing. Likewise the 
collections made in Bolivia by F. L. Hess in 1920 were sorted and 
a representative set selected and trimmed. 

The packing of the Canfield collection at Dover required the 
services of Messrs. Shannon and Benn, with local assistants, for a 
period of four weeks, and that of the Roebling collection at Tren- 
ton, of Messrs. Foshag and Benn and Miss Moodey for six weeks. 
The resultant 373 packing boxes holding the combined collections 
were brought to Washington by motor trucks and all safely 
housed by December 8, 1926. 

In the work of unpacking here in Washington, the collections 
made in Mexico by Doctor Foshag were given first attention in 
order to bring to a conclusion the cooperative agreement with Prof. 
Charles Palache, of Harvard University. This was completed 
early in January of the present year. Work upon the Roebling 
collection was begun almost immediately and practically finished 
by March 28. Some weeks were then devoted to a selection of some 
of the more showy materials for exhibition, their cataloguing, label- 
ing, and installation. On May 16 work on the Canfield collection 
was begun and completed about June 1. The materials of these three 
collections are now stored in drawers awaiting systematizing, cat- 
aloguing, and arrangement with the Museum collections, a work 
which, with the present force and the constant interruption of the 
ever-present routine, will require some years. 

The study series of both fossil plants and animals have required 
an unusual amount of time and effort this year. In the section of 
paleobotany this was concentrated on the Mesozoic and Cenozoic 
collections for many years under the custodianship of Dr. F. H,, 
Knowlton, whose death necessitated certain changes in their general 
arrangement. The accumulations of unstudied material in the room 
formerly occupied by him have been removed and this will in future 
be utilized for the housing of valuable types. 

Additional new storage cases have filled all the space in the loft 
allotted to the paleontological division, and a new arrangement of 
the stratigraphic series of fossil animals is now in progress. Only 
a beginning has been made on this move which will involve the 
transfer of four or five thousand drawers, so that another year Avill 
be required to complete the changes contemplated. 

The Cambrian collections have occupied the entire time of Doctor 
Resser, who has evolved a system of arrangement which ought to 


care for them for many years. The collections held by Secretary 
Walcott in the Smithsonian Building were transferred so far as 
accommodations permitted; his library also was removed and tem- 
porarily arranged in the Cambrian section of the division, and his 
field notes assembled and classified. 

Following the appearance of his latest monograph on fossil cri- 
noids, Dr. Frank Springer planned with the curator for the final 
arrangement of his extensive collection. This, the largest assem- 
blage of fossil echinoderms known, is now concentrated in about 
1,250 standard drawers in regular order of classification and with 
sufficient room for expansion. 

The Cenozoic collections, long under the custodianship of the late 
Dr. W. H. Dall, have, since his death, been placed under the imme- 
diate direction of Dr. Paul Bartsch, The assistance furnished by 
W. C. Mansfield, Dr. W. P. Woodring, and others of the United 
States Geological Survey in caring for these collections is acknowl- 
edged. It is only by their efforts that the materials received within 
the past year have been properly cared for. 

Dr. T. W. Stanton and others of the United States Geological 
Survey, have continued, as in the past, the care of the Mesozoic 

In the laboratory of vertebrate paleontology, the energies of the 
force have been devoted, with slight interruptions, to the preparation 
of the Diplodocus skeleton. This work, after three years, can now 
be reported as practically finished. To our great disappointment, 
the neck, which was thought to belong to the same genus, proves to 
be that of an allied form and can not be used in the composite skele- 
ton. The preparation of this cervical series has been continued, 
however, and it is estimated that within six months all of the 
collection from the Dinosaur National Monument will be entirely 

Doctor Gidley reports the complete preparation of collections 
made in Florida and Oklahoma, and some progress on the arrange- 
ment of the older mammalian collections. Work still remains to be 
done on the latter, but it can not be carried much further until more 
storage space is available. 

Mr. Eemington Kellogg, of the Biological Survey, has been of 
great assistance in the systematic arrangement of the cetacean col- 
lection. Here, too, the arrangement could be improved if storage 
facilities were more commodious. 


Reseanfch hy nvemhers of the staff. — Research by the head curator 
was limited, in part by his absence in Europe and in part by the 
extra work involved by the acquisition of the Canfield and Roebling 


collections mentioned elsewhere. Studies have been made on two iron 
meteorites from the Canfield collection, one from Seneca Township, 
Mich., and one from Oakley, Idaho. A newly received 6T2-pound 
iron from the Wallapai Indian Reservation is now undergoing 

Mr. Shannon reports that research in the chemical laboratory was 
continued throughout the year. A paper on the minerals of Italian 
Mountain, Colo., was submitted during the year, and others on the 
determination of alkalies in minerals, and on apatite from Maryland 
are in process of publication. Several manuscripts partially com ^ 
pleted are now in hand. 

Research by Doctor Foshag has been confined to the material col- 
lected in Mexico. His field notes and collections will form the basis 
of three reports, one of which is almost completed and another well 

Until a few days before his death. Secretary Walcott was actively 
engaged upon his monograph on the stratigraphy of the Cambrian 
and associated rocks of the Rocky Mountains. The completion of 
this work has been assigned to Dr. Charles E. Resser, and it is hoped 
that doubtful points will be solved during the coming field season. 
Progress has been made on most of the research problems noted in 
previous reports upon which Doctor Resser is engaged. 

Curator R. S. Bassler has been unable to devote much time to 
research but in collaboration with Ferdinand Canu he has trans- 
mitted for publication a detailed account of the Bryozoa of the Gulf 
of Mexico region, based on numerous dredgings made in years past, 
by the Albatross^ and on a Pliocene fauna from Panama. 

Mr. Pohl has concentrated on a study of the Wisconsin Devonian 
collection which is unique in that exposures of these rocks are no 
longer available and the National Museum has the most complete 
set known. 

Mr. Gilmore reports the completion of a short paper descriptive 
of some well-preserved specimens of Terrapene irova the Pleistocene, 
of Florida, the preparation of a second paper on fossil footprints 
from the Grand Canyon, and a partially prepared manuscript de- 
scriptive of a new reptile from the Triassic of New Jersey. 

Doctor Gidley has continued research on the Pleistocene faunas 
of the Cumberland Cave, Md., and those of Florida and Oklahoma, 
with special attention to the Proboscidea and Edentata. A paper 
descriptive of the Camelidae of the San Pedro Valley, Ariz,, Pliocene 
deposits is in preparation. 

Besearch of outside mvestiffators aided hy Mitsewm material, in- 
cluding worh in the Musev/m ot material ^c'a'wlet?.— Materials for 
research have been supplied to many of the scientific bureaus located 


in Washington, to various universities, and to private individuals 
both in this country and abroad. A total of 4,068 specimens have 
been sent out within the year. The collections in all branches of 
the department have as usual been accessible to accredited students, 
but extended research has been confined to the paleontological 

Ira Edwards, curator of geology in the Milwaukee Public Museum, 
was again detailed for four months to study the Wisconsin Cambrian 
brachiopods of our collections; Prof. B. F. Howell, of Princeton 
University, was occupied in research work in connection with a 
monograph of the trilobite family Agnostidae ; and Dr. A. F. Foerste, 
who regularly spends his summer vacation in a study of our Early 
Paleozoic collections, was occupied in this way during the summer 
of 1926. 

Dr. K. C. Moore, State geologist of Kansas, has had frequent 
occasion to consult the collections during his studies of the major 
geosynclines of North America, a project of the American Petroleum 
Institute in cooperation with the National Research Council. 

Dr. I. Hayasaki, of Tohoku Imperial University, has studied our 
Paleozoic corals, and Dr. Yoshiaki Ozawa, of the Imperial Uni- 
versity of Tokyo, studied Carboniferous bryozoans and foraminifera. 
Dr. I. P. Tolmachoff, of the Carnegie Museum, studied the Paleozoic 
collections to further his researches on Arctic paleontology. 

The stratigraphic portion of the Austin collection of Early 
Silurian fossils was assembled and arranged by three graduate 
students of George Washington University, G. E. Tash, John E. 
Organ, and M. W. Shepherd, each of whom studied one of the three 
formations of the group. 

W. S. Dyer of the Geological Survey of Canada, and M. M. 
Knechtel, a graduate student of Johns Hopkins University, have 
had access to the Mesozoic collections and library while engaged in 
researches, and Dr. Frank M. Carpenter, of the Bussey Institute, 
examined the unstudied Mesozoic and Cenozoic insects and selected 
material for study and description. The Cenozoic and Mesozoic 
collections have been constantly consulted and worked upon by mem- 
bers of the United States Geological Survey staff who have desk 
room and working space in the division. 

Dr. R. Florin, assistant curator of paleobotany in the Eoyal State 
Museum at Stockholm, spent some days studying our fossil plants 
in connection with a monograph on the Permian floras of China. 

Dr. O. P. Hay and Mr. Remington Kellogg have continued their 
researches in the division of vertebrate paleontology, and Charles 
Merriam has made a study of the collections from the John Day 
formation of Oregon. 


Assistance to other Goveiyimient hureaus and individuals. — This 
work has continued as heretofore and consists mainly in supplying 
materials for investigation. No record is supplied of the number of 
callers to whom information has been furnished, or of letters written 
on official business. It can be said that at least one-fourth of the 
time of the heads of divisions is taken up in furnishing information 
either by letter, to callers, or in the examination of materials. Dur- 
ing the year, 450 lots were received through official channels for 
report, and 470 letters, chiefly requests for information on various 
subjects, were referred to the department from the division of 

Visits to other institutions' o/nd places on o-ffiGial work. — The head 
curator was in Europe for practically the entire summer of 1926, 
his time being devoted at first to attendance on the Geological Con- 
gress in Madrid, and later to geological explorations on the island 
of Majorca, and a study of European museums. Periods of from 
one to several days were spent in the museums of Madrid, Paris, 
Vienna, Prague, Brussels, and London. Geological trips were also 
made into the tin mining districts of Cornwall, England, aiid the 
celebrated serpentine areas of Kynance. Two side trips were made 
to the gem-cutting town of Oberstein, Germany, where important 
additions to the Isaac Lea collection of gems were made by purchase. 

Assistant Curator W. F. Foshag visited the following mineral 
collections: American Museum of Natural History, Philadelphia 
Academy of Sciences, the private collection of George Vaux at Bryn 
Mawr, Pa., and the public collection in the Chamber of Mines at 
Chihuahua City, Mexico. 

In the course of his work in Europe, Doctor Bassler studied 
methods of installation and collections in the leading museums of 
Paris, Miinich, Frankfort, Berlin, and London. 


The matter of distribution of specimens remains much as in pre- 
vious years. Of the sets illustrating phases of rockweathering and 
soil formation, 27, aggregating 432 specimens, have been sent out 
as gifts. Additional material prepared on special requests number 
867 specimens sent out as gifts; 4,068 as loans, usually for purposes 
of research; 8,137 specimens and 150 pounds of material as ex- 
changes; and one lot numbering 138 specimens as a transfer to a 
Government bureau. 



The estimated totals as given by heads of divisions are as follows : 

Division Specimens 

Geologj', systematic and applied 92, 630 

Mineralogy and petrology i 131, 123 

iStratigraphic paleontology 1, 642, 779 

Vertebrate paleontology 23, 723 

Total 1, 890, 255 

As mentioned repeatedly, these figures arc necessarily estimates. 
An actual count of specimens of this nature is a practical impos- 


By William deC. Ravenel, Director of Arts and Industries 

The first Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, in 
interpreting the organic act establishing the Smithsonian, included 
as within the scope of the Museum of the Nation, among other things, 
the history of the progress of useful inventions, and the collection 
of raw materials and products of manufactures and arts. The 
early development of the Museum, however, was chiefly along other 
lines — in the natural history, geology, ethnology, and archeology of 
the United States, and to a lesser degree of other countries. Greater 
opportunities for acquisitions in these directions were brought about 
through the activities of the scientific and economic surveys of the 
Government, many of which were the direct outgrowths of earlier 
explorations stimulated or directed by the Smithsonian Institution. 

It was not until 1876 that opportunity was afforded for estab- 
lishing a department of industrial arts on a creditable basis, and 
so important was the subject considered that the curatorship was 
given by Secretary Baird to Dr. G. Brown Goode, who as assistant 
secretary was in charge of the National Museum. From the Cen- 
tennial Exhibition of 1876 at Philadelphia, the first of the large 
international expositions to be held in the United States, the National 
Museum obtained 100 carloads of valuable material, being a large 
part of the foreign exhibits in the useful arts, as well as some from 
domestic sources. This unusual acquisition was the immediate cause 
of the erection of the brick building now known as the Arts and 
Industries Building. The collections from the Philadelphia Ex- 
hibition with additions from other sources were sufficiently extensive 
■to occupy the greater part of this building, when it was completed 
in 1881. The division of American history was also started at this 

The first separate report of the National Museum, that for 1881, 
relates how the great masfs of material acquired at Philadelphia, 
which had been stored in the Armory Building had then been 
brought to the Museum and stored in two of the central courts; 
that the collection of naval models and musical instruments and a 
portion of the Chinese collection were put in order and were ready 
for exhibition ; that the materia medica collections had been assorted 



and catalogued to the extent of 1,574 entries; that considerable 
work had been done on the collection of foods numbering 951 speci- 
mens ; that large series of Japanese cottons and United States cotton 
fabrics, ornamental woods of Japan, 30 working models of schooners, 
an exhibit illustrating the process of making kid gloves, and many 
others, had been received. 

By 1884 the building was filled with industrial art collections, his- 
torical specimens, and the overflow of natural history from the 
Smithsonian Building; where to store incoming collections was a 
serious problem leaving entirely out of consideration the question of 
their display. The rapidly increasing natural history collections, for 
which there was no room in the Smithsonian Building, encroached so 
constantly that a large proportion of the industrial collections had 
from time to time to be retired and placed in storage. The building 
became so overcrowded with the continued rapid growth of the col- 
lections that an orderly arrangement ceased to be possible and ex- 
hibits of natural history, of anthropology, of arts and industries, 
and of fine arts were more or less intermingled, unsystematically, 
and with little regard to relationship. 

The department of arts and industries in the Museum on June 30, 
1897, consisted of historical collections, religious ceremonial objects, 
technological collections, electrical collections, graphic arts, materia 
medica, forestry, physical apparatus, and photographic collections. 
A new plan of organization effective July 1, 1897, divided the whole 
Museum into three departments — anthropology, biology (zoology and 
botany combined), and geology (including paleontology). All col- 
lections not readily referable to biology or geology were thrown with 
ethnology and archeology into the new department of anthropology 
and included the following: Division of technology (mechanical 
phases) with section of electricity; division of graphic arts with 
section of photography; division of medicine; division of religions 
with section of historic religious ceremonials ; and division of history 
and biography with section of American history. Forestry in the 
new classification was made a section of the division of plants in the 
department of biology. The organization of the collections remained 
thus for years. 

In order to take advantage of the exceptional opportunities 
afforded by the Louisiana Purchase Exposition for obtaining mate- 
rial relating to industrial subjects, especially to the mineral in- 
dustries, a department of mineral technology was nominally estab- 
lished in 1904 under the curatorship of Dr. Charles D. Walcott, then 
Director of the United States Geological Survey, though at the time > 
no space whatever was available for display. Of the 30 carloads of 
exhibit material received from this exposition, some 25 carloads com- 


prised natural products, models or actual examples of appliances of 
manufacture and finished products in various branches of the mineral 
industry from many parts of the world. At the time of acceptance 
it was understood that this material would have to go into storage 
until additional floor space could be secured, and it was packed in 
St. Louis with this plan in view. 

With the completion of the Natural History Building in 1911 a new 
era dawned. The removal of the natural history and the fine arts 
collections to that building left space available for the reorganization 
and development of the department of arts and industries and for 
the display on a scale more commensurate with their importance of 
the methods and results of the applied arts and sciences. 

In March, 1912, the division of textiles with a curator in charge 
was established, with custody over other vegetable and animal prod- 
ucts not specifically provided for otherwise. This was done without 
disturbing the relationships of the several industrial branches which 
had continued to be administered under the three-department Museum 
organization. The division of mineral technology, which had been 
nominally recognized since 1904, with Dr. Charles D. Walcott as 
honorary curator, was given a definite status June 6, 1913, with a 
paid curator, and the vast accumulation of stored material from St. 
Louis began to be available. 

With the appointment of an assistant curator, on June 11, 1915, 
the section of wood technology was organized tentatively under the 
curator of textiles. Though comprehended in the former section of 
forestry, very little material of public or even of technical interest 
had been assembled. During the fiscal year of 1916 the division of 
medicine, which had been without an immediate head, was likewise 
transferred to the care of the curator of textiles. 

On November 1, 1918, William deC. Ravenel was designated by 
Secretary Walcott as director of arts and industries, and steps were 
taken looking to the more definite organization of the department. 

On July 1, 1919, the division of mechanical technology was trans- 
ferred from the custody of the department of anthropology to that 
of arts and industries. One year later the division of graphic arts 
was likewise placed in arts and industries, and, to facilitate adminis- 
tration, the division of history was separated from anthropology 
to become an independent division reporting directly to the admin- 
istrative assistant. 

Necessity for governmental economy following the World Wnr 
has hindered further development in the department, the only othey 
change in organization being the creation of a new section of organic 
chemistry, under the supervision of the curator of textiles in August 
1922, to which were transferred the old collections of animal and 
vegetable products. 


One privately supported collection, the Loeb collection of chemical 
types, has since April 1, 1924, been administered as a separate entity 
in the department of arts and industries. This collection, in charge 
of a chemist as curator, is maintained entirely through the benefi- 
cence of the late Dr. Morris Loeb. 

In the general survey of Government housing conditions made by 
the Public Building Commission in 1917, the Museum was reported 
as needing immediately a building for the arts and industries and 
American history, with temporary accomodations for the National 
Gallery of Art. The decade which has since intervened has seen the 
art industrial collections increase greatly, while the collections of 
historical material have been augmented beyond all precedent. Some 
temporary relief as to space was secured by the occupation of the 
metal building erected on the Smithsonian reservation by the War 
Department — known as the Aircraft Building — and by the overflow- 
ing of the historical collections into the Natural History Building, 
where they use some 35,000 square feet of exhibition space urgently 
needed for the collections for which the building was designed. No 
space now remains for even ordinary growth, and great gifts can not 
be solicited with the knowledge that no place exists for their accom- 
modation. As to the personnel very little relief has been afforded, 
and additional members of the scientific and preparatorial staff are 
urgently needed to properly care for the varied collections. 

That none of the classifications for art industrial subjects pro- 
posed from time to time by the National and other museums have 
been strictly followed in the arrangement of the collections here is 
. due mainly to limitations of space, resulting in a more or less dis- 
orderly distribution of subjects, the conditions leaving no other choice 
than that based on convenience. Work is being chiefly centered at 
present on those subdivisions which are most prominent in relation 
to current industrial affairs, but there are other subdivisions with 
important collections which are not represented by experts on the 
staff from lack of funds for their employment. 

The year ending June 30, 1927, was an unusually busy one for this 
department and the division of history. The regular work was 
augmented by duties in connection with installation, maintenance, 
and dismantling of collections at the Sesquicentennial Exposition in 
Philadelphia. The customary routine was further interrupted by 
the Smithsonian conference which added materially to the load 
carried by some of the employees. 

The hearty cooperation and support of the scientific and other 
workers has made possible the progress recorded in the following 



The department of arts and industries and the division of history 
acquired 14,497 specimens during the year, assigned by subjects as 
follows: Mechanical technology', 79; mineral technology, 112; tex- 
tiles, 337; food, 206; organic chemistry, 1,195 ; wood teclinology, 1,014; 
medicine, 958; graphic arts, including photography, 3,238; Loeb col- 
lection of chemical types, 175 ; and history, 7,183. Besides the above 
there are some 6,000 or 7,000 additional Patent Office models to be 
critically gone over, classified, and catalogued before being recorded 
as Museum property. 

Mineral and mechanical technology. — The number of accessions 
received in the divisions of mineral an mechanical technology for 
the year was 25, the number of objects in 24 of these being 191, or 
considerably less than one-half the number received the preceding 
year. Of this total, 112 objects were assigned to mineral technology 
and 79 to mechanical technology. Of the twenty-fifth accession, com- 
prising Patent Office models transferred from the Department of 
Commerce, no official count of objects has as yet been made, though it 
is estimated that some 1,500 or more will be permanently retained as 
the property of the Museum. 

Probably the most important exhibit received, in so far as concerns 
its educational value, is that of a series of objects presented by the 
Norton Co. This exhibit, as installed, shows the raw materials and 
steps in the manufacture of artificial abrasive wheels and indicates 
by finished products the great variety of refractories, special abra- 
sives, floor tiles, and laboratory equipment produced from the same 
material. A beautifully made scale model of the electric furnace 
used to convert raw materials into abrasive stock and a photograph 
of the inventor are exhibited in a special case, while the manufacture 
of four types of abrasive wheels, namely, vitrified, silicate, rubber- 
bonded, and bakelite-bonded wheels, is shown in wall cases by the 
use of wheels in various stages of completion, together with the mold- 
ing equipment used. Eight pencil sketches drawn from the com- 
pany's plant show in further detail the operations of manufacture. 
The company cooperated with the Museum in the design of the ex- 
hibit and presented it as a complete unit ready for installation. 

The Museum has been endeavoring to obtain for addition to the 
aircraft collections the United States Navy seaplane NG-Jf ever since 
its memorable flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1919. The greatest 
difficulty has been the matter of size, there being no space large 
enough to exhibit the plane. As a last resort and with the generous 
assistance of the Navy Department, the hull alone was transferred 
during the year and is now exhibited in the Aircraft Building. 
In the meantime the wings, three engines (the fourth being now in 
69199—27 8 


the collection), and all other parts are being held at the naval air- 
craft factory, Philadelj)hia, in the hope that eventually space will 
be secured here for housing the entire plane. 

Of value particularly to the technical man is the accession of six 
airplane engines, five transferred from the naval aircraft factory, 
Philadelphia, and one, the very first Libertj'^ engine produced in 
1917, transferred from the Department of Commerce. The latter 
object, which upon its completion was sent to the Department of 
Commerce for tests, represents a triumph in engine production, 
having been completed in 27 daj^s. Among the five engines trans- 
ferred from the Navy Department are a Union engine such as is 
used in small dirigibles, and a Wright D-1 six-cylinder engine which 
was originally intended for the ill-fated Shenandoah^ but, due to 
the accident which destro^'cd that airship, never saw service. 

Another accession of importance was that of two models of 
Chinese war chariots of about 500 B. C., received as a gift from the 
Government Historical Museum, Peking, China, through the di- 
rector, Ch'iu Tzu-yiian. These present several unusual features, 
particularly in wheel construction, and materially enhance the series 
showing the development of the wheel. 

In the section of horology three very interesting donations were 
received. The first contained three early and valuable Japanese 
timepieces, consisting of a wall clock, a table clock, and a sundial 
presented by Mrs. Harold C. Ernst from the collections of her late 
husband. The second donation was one of the original watch move- 
ments made by the J. P. Stevens Watch Co. between 1882-1885 and 
presented by J. P. Stevens. This company, while in active operation 
but three years, holds the unique distinction of having been the only 
watch manufacturing company in the South. The third was an 
old English watch in a shagreen case, made by Peter Garon, of 
London, about 1690, lent by George H. James. This is the oldest 
representative of English watchmaking in the Museum's collection 
and is therefore a distinct and valuable addition. 

The extensive study collection of horology was quite materially en- 
hanced in value during the year through the addition of approxi- 
mately 50 Patent Office models, including those of D. Azro Buck, 
the inventor of the "dollar watch," which invention is recognized 
the world over as America's greatest contribution to the science of 

Textiles^ foods^ organic cheTnistry^ \oood technology^ and medi- 
cine. — The accessions in the subjects under the general supervision of 
the curator of textiles contained 3,710 specimens, which number, how- 
ever does not include a large number of patent models still under 
examination ; some of these will later be definitely added to the collec- 


tions. The additions to the collections are divided into five groups, 
as follows : Textiles, 337 ; foods, 206 ; organic chemistry, 1,195 ; wood 
technology, 1,014; and medicine, 958. . 

Among the great number of models of mechanical inventions and 
specimens of combinations of matter brought from the storage 
warehouse of the Patent Office for examination and study, 314 
have so far been accepted for the Museum as marking steps of prog- 
ress in arts and industries. The following classes of objects have 
been more or less studied during the year by the curator and his 
assistants: Sewing machines, weaving appliances, lumbering and 
woodworking inventions, dental and surgical instruments, pharma- 
ceutical appliances, artificial dyestuffs and synthetic chemicals, anrl 
agricultural implements. The models of the most important inven- 
tions in the last group were selected by R. B. Gray, of the Bureau 
of Public Roads, United States Department of Agriculture. In 
some cases, however, since the Museum can do no more than preserve 
and store the models until more space is available, it has loaned to 
educational institutions, where good use will be made of them in 
the meantime, desirable models which could not be exhibited at 

From George Crompton was received the original patent model 
of the first power loom for weaving fancy figured fabrics, which 
was invented by his grandfather, William Crompton, and on which 
United States Patent No. 491 was issued November 25, 1837. This 
model, reclaimed from the Patent Office by George Crompton as the 
heir of the inventor, was presented to the Museum for inclusion in 
the collection of important original models received directly from 
the Patent Office. 

With the exception of the Patent Office models, the most important 
additions to the textile collections were made by firms who had 
formerly cooperated in furnishing educational material. Two groups 
of beautiful silk dress goods printed in unique designs and repre- 
sentative of the highest grade of printed fabrics produced to-day 
were contributed by H. R. Mallinson & Co. (Inc.). These fabrics 
illustrate application of scientific findings to needs of a commercial 
industry. " The first group of 14 specimens, received in August, 1926, 
were fabrics intended for the fall trade of 1926 and the spring of 
1927. The whole series was suggestive of the sea, the motifs repre- 
senting seaweeds, kelp, sea nettles, starfish, coral, flying fish, dolphins, 
gulls, and the like. Many of the designs were developed from orig- 
inal sketches made by Mrs. Helen Tee Van while on board the steam 
yacht Arcturus on the New York Zoological Society's expedition to 
the Sargasso Sea and the Galapagos Islands. In the second group 
of 28 specimens, called the National Park Series, the natural won- 
ders of our National and State parks have supplied the motifs. 


Through the courtesy of the National Park Service of the United 
States Department of the Interior and the Union Pacific system, 
photographs were obtained of the particular scenes in the parks 
which suggested the designs on the fabrics for installation in the 
case with the textiles. 

Additions to their already generous contributions of textiles were 
also made by the Pacific Mills, S. B. & B. W. Fleisher (Inc.), and 
N. Erlanger, Blumgart & Co. (Inc.). 

A donation from Miss Isabella C. Freeman and Mrs. H. B. Buck- 
ingham to other branches of the Museum included a series of 26 gay 
Roman-striped silks in the shape of scarfs and sashes in brilliant 
color combinations, all of foreign origin. 

A portion of an Anglo-Persian Wilton rug, showing steps in its' 
construction and the cutting of the looped pile, was contributed by 
the M. J. Whittall Associates. 

In continuance of the effort to obtain for the Museum examples 
of the official standards so important nowadays in almost every line 
of industry, the Museum requested the transfer from the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, United States Department of Agriculture, 
of a set of ofiicial standards of the United States for American cotton 
linters. This set of seven basic grades ranges from the longest first 
cuts of linters to the shortest second cuts. Cotton linters are ob- 
tained preparatory to conditioning cottonseed for oil extraction by a 
second ginning of the seed from which the greater portion of the 
fiber has been removed by the ordinary cotton gin, and represent the 
residual short fiber remaining after the first ginning. Depending 
upon the grade of linters obtained, this material is used for mat- 
tresses, cushions, wadding, paper, twine, lamp wicks, and bandages, 
for an immense number of cellulose chemicals and varnishes, and as 
a source of rayon, or artificial silk. 

Public interest in the several forms of artificial fibers, now gener- 
ally know as rayon, has made the gift of specimens of <jelanese 
by the American Cellulose & Chemical Manufacturing Co. (LM.) 
especially acceptable for exhibition in the collections. Celanese is 
the trade-mark name for an artificial fiber of cellulose acetate made 
from cotton linters. It differs in chemical composition and prop- 
erties from the other forms of rayon, particularly in its behavior 
to dyestuffs. The usual basic coal-tar dyes, which readily dye silk 
and wool, do not affect it; and its behavior with dyes which color 
cotton is different despite its manufacture from cotton linters. 
Special dyes have been discovered, however, which will dye celanese 
without dyeing cotton, silk, or wool. This makes it possible to obtain 
beautiful color effects in textiles by weaving combination fabrics 
which can be cross dyed, or dyed in one operation, and overcomes 


the necessity of weaving the fabric with previously dyed yarns. The 
series of specimens contributed includes celanese yarn in skeins and 
on bobbins, knitted and woven plain undyed fabrics, dyed, printed, 
and figured fabrics, examples of celanese and cotton woven together 
to illustrate cross dyeing, and many specimens of the special dyes 
developed for use with celanese. 

Four interesting and beautiful specimens of Javanese batik were 
presented by Mrs. Charles D. Walcott for exhibition. The designs 
show various mythological personages venerated in Java and are 
quite different from those already on exhibition in the Museum. 
The batik process consists essentially in tracing on the prepared 
cloth a design by means of a fine stream of melted beeswax and 
filling in the design with a film of wax, so as to protect the cloth from 
the action of the dye where the color is not wanted. 

Mrs. Laura M. Allen, expert weaver and instructor of weaving, 
added 33 examples of hand weaving done by seven persons to the 
collection previously assembled by her and presented to the Museum. 

To Capt. George W. Swartz the Museum is indebted for an inter- 
esting addition to the collection of old textile machinery, in the form 
of a hand-operated machine which gins, cards, and spins cotton, 
receiving the seed cotton as it is picked, and delivering a good qual- 
ity of spun yarn wound upon bobbins. This old machine was made 
by J. & T. Pearce, Cincinnati, Ohio, about 1840, and is one of several 
that were taken to northern Alabama over 80 years ago. Machines 
of this type were introduced in the cotton-growing sections of the 
South and were operated by slaves. It has been recorded that on 
one plantation a single machine produced enough yarn to furnish 
the clothing for 300 slaves. 

One of the most interesting exhibits for the section of food is an 
observation hive of three-banded Italian bees, received through the 
A. I, Eoot Co., Medina, Ohio, and C. P. Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, 
111., two prominent manufacturers of beekeeping supplies, and the 
bee-culture laboratory of the Bureau of Entomology, United States 
Department of Agriculture. The mahogany and glass observation 
hive, with a 12-foot plate glass t'annel leading through a window to 
outdoors, was constructed at the expense of these two firms, while 
the live bees were loaned by the Department of Agriculture and 
brought to the Museum from the bee-culture laboratory at Somerset, 
Md. The hive is the standard site used in commercial honey pro- 
duction, accommodating 20 of the regular Langstroth frames, and 
constructed of double walls of glass, enabling the activities of the 
bees to be plainly observed. The long glass tunnel, placed hori- 
zontally from the top of the case to the window sill, over the heads 
of the observers, is connected with the hive by an inclosed sloping 


plane which enables one to see perfectly the incoming workers Avith 
the pollen baskets on their hind legs packed full of golden pollen. 
This tunnel, constructed to give visitors a view of the bees passing in 
and out of the hive, proved to be a handicap to the workers in their 
task of producing honey. At the height of the honey flow, during 
May and June, the thin liquid nectar was brought into the hive 
faster than the bees could fan away the excess moisture and condense 
the nectar to the consistency of honey. The task of moving the long 
column of moisture-saturated air inclosed in the tunnel proved too 
great for the hundreds of pairs of wings endeavoring to ventilate the 
observation gallery, and it was found necessary to come to their 
assistance with an electric fan. Blowing a gentle current of air 
through the long tunnel for a short while assisted in removing many 
pounds of water from each week's harvest. 

The bee-culture laboratory also loaned 54 specimens of liquid 
honey graded according to color and types of crystallization, speci- 
mens of cut combs, honey -filled honey combs and beeswax, examjples 
of beekeepers' tools and appliances, and a full-sized section of a 
standard beehive arranged for honey production with the frames 
containing extracted combs, or comb foundation, in proper position. 

A collection of 92 prize jars of fruits, vegetables, and meats, put up 
in glass by members of 4-H Canning Clubs under the auspices of 
the Office of Cooperative Extension Work, United States Department 
of Agriculture, was contributed by the Hazel Atlas Glass Co. This 
company had offered prizes in every State of the Union for the best 
examples of food products put up in jars of their manufacture by the 
4-H Clubs. The collection as assembled represents in kinds and 
quantity the winter supply of canned foods for an average family. 

Twelve jars of typical examples of almonds grown in California 
during 1926 were transferred from the Bureau of Plant Industry, 
United States Department of Agriculture. The food value of al- 
monds above that of all other kinds of nuts is fast becoming. recog- 
nized, and these specimens fill a long-felt need in the exhibit of im- 
portant foodstuffs. 

For the section of organic chemistry, the Museum is indebted to the 
Tanners' Council of America for over 200 specimens of hides, skins, 
leather, and leather products, together with photographs of animals 
furnishing raw materials and of leather processes. This valuable 
collection, covering almost every important phase of the leather in- 
dustry, was furnished by 49 different firms, members of the Tanners' 
Council of America, without expense to the Museum. The mate- 
rial so far received covers the following groups : 

1. Skins of the animals furnishing the bulk of the raw material 
for leather, tanned with the hair on: cow, calf, kid, and horse. 2, 


Tanning and coloring agents used in producing leather : barks, ex- 
tracts, seeds, roots, chemicals, oils, and dyes, 3. By-products of the 
leather industry: glues and hair products, such as felts, cushions 
insulating and packing materials. 4. Heavy leather for shoe soles, 
a whole side of a large steer hide marked to show the best grades of 
sole leather, and strips, blocks, and cut soles as supplied to the 
cobbler. 5. Leather for shoe uppers: calf, kid, kangaroo, and horse 
leather, in plain, fancy, and patent finishes. 6. Belting leather: an 
oak tanned " bend " from the thickest part of the hide, and specimens 
of mechanical belts of all kinds. 7. 'Bag and strap leather: whole 
side of bag leather in natural and fancy grains, pigskin leather, 
straps for all purposes, and men's fancy belts. 8. Harness leather: 
black and russet, side of lace leather, and strips of lacing. 9. Glove 
leather: kid, mocha sheep, buckskin, horsehide, and gloves of all 
kinds. 10. Upholstery leathers: whole hides of great size, finished 
in fancy grains and colorings. 11. Fancy leather: alligator, snake, 
lizard, elephant, walrus, seal, and ostrich. 12. Miscellaneous leathers : 
for textile machinery, gas meters, sporting goods, and bookbinding; 
also chamois in several stages. 

The Rubber Association of America continued its splendid coopera- 
tion by contributing 463 additional specimens and many photographs, 
which were supplied by 13 manufacturing firms, members of the 
association. The material added this year includes hose, belting, 
packing, valves, and gaskets ; druggists' sundries and hospital equip- 
ment, hard rubber articles, battery jars, toys, and sporting goods. 

Research in the insulating value of different types of gutta-percha 
and rubber by the Bell Telephone Laboratories resulted in the 
assembling of an extensive collection of specimens of these materials 
from the Dutch East Indies, British Malaya, and the Philippines. 
The collection, mounted in three hardwood cabinets, was presented 
to the Museum and forms a valued addition to the study series. 

Rods and sheets of an imported casein plastic, sold under the trade 
name of "Inda," were contributed by the American Machine & 
Foundry Co. 

The Max Ams Chemical Engineering Corporation donated a model 
of the essential parts of the apparatus used by them for the produc- 
tion of rayon fiber from wood pulp by the viscose process, 34 speci- 
mens showing materials used and finished fiber in several forms, and 
a specially constructed exhibition case for displaying the exhibit. >..: 

A series of specimens showing steps in the manufacture of soap 
and its by-products, fatty acids, and glycerin was contributed by 
Armour & Co. This includes crude oils, chemicals and refining re- 
agents for refining the oils and converting them into soap, and simi- 
lar reagents for i-efining the by-products. 


Mrs. William Chapin Huntington, daughter of Frank G. Car- 
penter, the late well-known author, presented a collection of 95 speci- 
mens of footwear collected b}'- her father and herself during travels in 
many lands. Many of these specimens have been used in illustrating 
the writings of Mr. Carpenter and his daughter, and represent unique 
types of footwear. 

In the division of medicine, the most instructive exhibit received 
this year is the one on the subject of vision donated by the American 
Optometric Association, through Dr. Thomas H. Martin. The first 
scene of the exhibit pictures members of a primitive family using 
their eyes for distant vision, the manner in which they function with 
the least strain ; next, a present-day home emphasizing the fact that 
modern life has imposed upon the eye the severe requirement of near 
vision; then scenes of laboratories where eyes are tested. Four 
illuminated legends, with drawings, convey information concerning 
the anatomy and physiology of the eye, normal vision, common de- 
fects of vision, and how these defects are corrected. 

The Museum is indebted to the American Dental Association for 
an exhibit on the subject of oral hjT^giene. A light from a modeled 
lighthouse attracts onlookers and warns of the importance of the 
subject. On each side are arranged health lessons, models of tooth- 
building foods, the importance of saving the first permanent molars 
which appear about the sixth year of life, the proper time and method 
of brushing the teeth, and the necessity of periodic inspections. 

The Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of 
Agriculture, designed, and transferred to the Museum an operating 
model to illustrate how rats transmit disease and the methods of 
proofing homes against these destructive pests, by which it is 
hoped to awaken interest in the matter of rat extermination. 

The Aladdin Co. contributed to the Museum a specially con- 
structed model illustrating the evolution of the American home and 
the great progress made in hygienic living conditions. This con- 
sists of four scenes. The first is that of a cliff dweller's abode, 
the second an Indian tepee, the third a log cabin home of the 
pioneers, and the last a modern home which plays so important a 
part in the increase of the life span. 

The historical exhibits of the division of medicine were en- 
hanced by the addition of 214 models transferred from the United 
States Patent Office. Some of these American inventions portray 
important progressive steps in various branches of the healing art, 
while others bring to mind misleading theories of the past cen- 
tury. One is the original patent model of Morton & Gould's anes- ~ 
thetizing apparatus, which attracts more than ordinary attention 
because Doctor Morton was the dentist who demonstrated to the 


world the art of surgical anesthesia. The surgery models show 
steps in the development of instruments used in operative work, 
and the pharmaceutical models assist in telling the story of the 
important changes which have taken place in medicine making. 

A set of old surgical appliances and instruments was presented 
by Miss Frances M. Cosine. These instruments, some of which 
are of a type used in this country about 100 years ago, were owned 
by the donor's grandfather, Dr. Enoch T. Winter. 

Dr. George B. Roth added 16 old surgical instruments to the 
deposit which he made in the preceeding year. All are valuable 
because of their age, but the one which has attracted the most 
attention is a stethoscope of the pattern used about 1836 when this 
important diagnostic adjunct first came into general use in the 
United States. 

Medicinal materials which became official in the latest editions of 
the United States Pharmacopoeia and National Formulary were con- 
tributed by the following companies : Parke, Davis & Co., the Bayer 
Co. (Inc.), Monsanto Chemical Works, E. R. Squibb & Sons, the 
Abbott Laboratories, Eimer & Amend, and Schieffelin & Co. 

In the section of wood technology, the most noteworthy addition 
from the standpoint of public interest is the series showing stages 
in the manufacture of Masonite structural insulation and " Presd- 
wood," presented by Mason Fibre Co. Masonite is a trade name 
adopted for products made from sawmill wood waste by a process 
which, through the use of saturated steam at high temperature and 
pressure, explodes the wood chips and produces a resultant wood pulp 
consisting of long fibers incrusted with the original wood lignins. 
The process is unique in two particulars, namely, the chips are neither 
ground nor cooked to separate the fibers as in similar operations, and 
no artificial binder is used to consolidate them. To form boards, the 
exploded fiber is refined, passed over a fourdrinier similar to a paper 
machine, and placed in a press. In making structural insulation, the 
time in the press is from 50 to 60 minutes. In addition to insulation, 
it is used for sheathing, plaster base, interior finish, and as a sound 
deadener. Presdwood is in the presses about 25 minutes. Its 
present largest uses are linings for automobile doors, desk tops, card 
tables, radio cabinets, wall board, and paneling. 

Another use for sawmill waste was represented by the contribu- 
tion from the United Products Co. of specimens showing the manu- 
facture of "woodkets," a recently developed fireplace fuel, Wood- 
kets are compressed sawdust and shavings and are said to leave only 
about one-half of 1 per cent of ash after burning. Besides affording 
a clean, easily handled fuel, woodkets add one more link to the chain 
of processes that are being promoted to conserve the waning wood 


A contribution from Mahogany Association (Inc.) consisted of 
four large panels of solid Central American mahogany, four of solid 
"African mahogany," and four small inlaid panels showing mahog- 
any in combination with such other valuable woods as East India 
satinwood, boxwood, ebony, kingwood, and oleo vermelho. Each has 
a beautiful semipolished surface. 

Twenty specimen hardwood boards, all cut in Bath County, Va., 
were presented by the Tide Water Hardwood Corporation through 
H. A. Cavendish, manager. They are all highly waxed and very 

The Paine Lumber Company (Ltd.) sent an "African mahogany " 
table to supplant the birch table formerly accompanying the exhibit 
of their products. Attached is a small glass case designed for 
specimens showing the internal construction of their veneered doors. 

The Scene-in- Action Corporation contributed an animated forest- 
fire model made for use in connection with forest-protection activities. 
The phrase, " Everybody loses when timber burns," is made to stand 
out prominently by means of a light at the rear. This vivid lesson 
in color is a fine example of increasing cooperation in forest conser- 

Through the courtesy of H. R. Kylie, United States Forest Service, 
the Museum secured the loan of one large, lighted camp-fire model 
and five colored bromides of forest scenes for exhibition during 
American forest week. The theme of both the model and bromides 
is, "The forest is your friend — Keep it green"; and one is shown 
what to do and what not to do when camping on wooded areas. 

The most valuable accession to the study collection was that of 
801 wood samples received as an exchange from Yale University 
School of Forestry, through Prof. Samuel J. Record. Most of them 
are from tropical America, representative of Cuba, Haiti, British 
Honduras, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, 
Venezuela, and Brazil, and were collected with botanical material. 
Approximately half of them are completely identified, in many more 
the genus has been determined, and all are linked with numbers in 
the Yale catalogue, enabling the Museum to receive further informa- 
tion when Professor Record obtains it. 

Another fine lot of 45 wood samples for the study series was re- 
ceived as a gift from Sr. Ing. J. G. Ortega, of Mazatlan, Sinaloa, 
Mexico, collected by the donor in Sinaloa, with all but five identified, 
and three of these given provisional identifications by Professor 

Nineteen hand samples of Manchurian woods and cross sections of 
trunks of 10 Egyptian trees were received by transfer from the 
Office of Foreign Plant Introduction, United States Department of 
Agriculture. The Manchurian samples are very carefully prepared 


and are largely quarter-sawed sections with the bark left on. They 
were obtained by P. H. Dorsett, agricultural explorer, from D. I. 
Sinaisy, forester in charge of the lumber plant of the Chinese East- 
ern Railway and the forest concessions of Shitoukhetsy, Manchuria. 
The Egyptian tree sections are from a country usually considered 
to be without forests. i 

Graphic arts. — ^From the standpoint of permanent accjuisitions 
the year was the most successful one in the history of the division 
of graphic arts, Si^ecimens to the number of 4,280 were ' receivect, 
of which 3,238 became the property of the Museum, and the remain- 
ing 1,042 were accepted as loans for exhibition. Many of the latter 
have already been returned to their owners. The increment this 
year shows a gain of 334 per cent over last year's additions, and 
the total number of specimens in the division, including the section 
of photography, was increased more than 10 per cent. 

The gift of 2,304 prints and etched copper plates from Jean Leon 
Gerome Ferris is b}^ far the most important and valuable gift of 
the year and probably of any year in the history of the division. 
This accession contains the work of many famous artists — drawings, 
etchings, engravings, mezzotints, aquatints, softground prints, and 
lithographs, by Rembrandt, Rubens, Drevet, Saint Non, John Faber, 
Samuel Cousins, Corot, Millet, Gavarni, the Morans, Haden, Lalanne, 
Jacquemart, and others of more or less fame. Many etchings by 
the donor and his father, Stephen J. Ferris (1834r-1915), are included 
and also 63 of their etched copper plates. The Ferris gift is large, 
and, as only a few specimens have been catalogued and matted, it 
is impossible at this time to give a comprehensive account of its 
value and importance. It is, however, of great artistic and intrinsic 

The United States Patent Office transferred 477 models relating- 
to graphic arts and photography which assume more importance at 
each examination. The models have been roughly arranged but 
no study has yet been possible. Of the 150 models assigned to 
photography, many illustrate concretely the development of that 
art and will add materially to the exhibition series. 

Eighteen samples of a new method of commercial printing in water 
colors were donated by the Aldus Printers (Inc.), through Bert C. 
Chambers, who was instrumental in its development and patenting. 
The process is based somewhat on the Japanese method of block print- 
ing in water colors. In seeking to obtain the beautiful results of the 
.fapanese color print in a few printings on the modern power press, 
two problems were involved — to find first a suitable substance in 
which to cut the design, and, second, a satisfactory medium for the 
ink. The material found to be most suitable for tlie blocks is com- 

114 EEPOUT: 01" iTATlONAL MUSEtJM, 1927 

posed of several alternating layers of rubber and cloth. The addition 
of glycerin to the ink prevents its drying too fast. The design to be 
reproduced is usually a pen-and-ink drawing. A line cut is made 
and prints from it are transferred to each of the sheets of rubber 
which are to print the various colors. The part that is to become the 
printing surface is carefully cut around with a sharp knife down to 
the first layer of cloth, and then the part not wanted is pulled off, 
leaving the design in relief. The rubber plate is mounted type high 
and is ready for the printer. The various colors are printed first in 
water color and then the line cut in printer's ink. The only altera- 
tion in the press is the substitution of rubber ink rollers for the com- 
position rollers. The prints dry instantaneously, so there is no offset. 
An improvement nearing perfection makes the line cut in rubber, so 
that the whole design and colors can be printed from rubber in water- 
color ink. While the results as a rule are of a commercial nature, 
still the prints in water color are beautiful and have a distinction all 
their own. A small exhibit has been installed, and the Museum has 
the promise of a technical one. Mr. Chambers had been working on 
the idea for some time when he visited the division and studied the 
Japanese exhibit ; the whole process crystalized after that visit. 

Ten examples of the "Pantone" method of preparing plates for 
printing pictures were donated by the Sun Engraving Co, (Ltd.), of 
Watford, England, in whose plant the process was developed by A. 
Konald Trist. Pantone is a process of making a printing plate 
of smooth metal, the part of the plate which is not to print being 
treated with mercury, which repels the printer's ink. The Museum 
has the promise of additional specimens for a technical exhibit show- 
ing the various steps. 

Frederick E. Ives, one of the earliest if not the first to develop 
a commercially successful half-tone process printed from relief blocks, 
added to the large amount of his early material in the Museum 
one example of his early three-color work dated August, 1881 — ^a rare 
historical specimen made from three selective .color negatives — and 
a specimen of his half-tone intaglio process of 1891. Mr. Ives' 
specialties since the early seventies have been along the lines of 
graphic arts and photography in black and white and in color, and 
he has contributed many improvements. 

Over 60 specimens of rotary intaglio photogravures were added 
this year, all fine examples. A large percentage of them, the gift 
of John U. Perkins, are of historical and artistic interest, being 
old reproductions of historical paintings. The others were the gift 
of A. J. Newton and are the work of the Sun Engraving Co. (Ltd.). 
These are in color, three and four printings, including two series 
showing progressive results. 


A. B. Carty continued his interest in the division and was the 
means whereby several kinds of hitherto unrepresented specimens 
were obtained. He also loaned a copy of the largest daily newspaper 
ever printed, the Miami Daily News of July 26, 1925, containinf? 
504 pages. 

About 60 artistic prints in various mediums were added to the 
permanent collection, George O. Hart contributed 29 examples of 
his very original work ; his results both in subject and treatment are 
entirely different from those of other workers in the same mediums. 
Chauncey F. Ryder, an artist of great skill, donated three drypoints 
and one lithograph; Lee Sturges gave four etchings, which are ar- 
tistically and technically excellent and cover his field of subjects. 
George C. Wales contributed two plates and four prints of the 
clipper ship Houqua^ showing his method of making a lithograph in 
two printings. This is one of his series of ships which are very 
popular at the present time. 

Some years ago the division started to collect examples of fine 
letter press printing in the form of books, pamphlets, and broadsides. 
This series was slow in getting started but some superior examples 
have been obtained. Five examples contributed by the Windsor 
Press of San Francisco, Calif., are of most excellent quality. Two 
examples of the work of John Henry Nash also of that city were added, 
one from the printer, a broadside which was awarded first prize at the 
recent Graphic Arts Leaders Exhibition, and the second a book, the 
gift of James W. Coffroth. Mr. Nash's work is well represented in 
the national collections. 

William Edwin Rudge continued his interest by contributing 
many examples from the products of his printing establishment, 
including separate prints by the Smithsonian process from the North 
American wild flower book of Mrs. C. D. Walcott, prints from the 
Pennell book, and samples of aquatone. He also presented in un- 
bound form the four volumes of the book on Gilbert Stuart by Law- 
rence Park. William G. Mather presented a beautiful book, "The 
Portraits of Increase Mather" by Kenneth B. Murdock, of interest 
for its beauty as a book and for its contents. It was designed by 
Bruce Rogers and printed from the original type of John Basker- 
ville now owned by the Harvard University Press. 

A contribution of more than usual interest which came to the sec- 
tion of photography as a gift of Miss Lillian M. Fletcher, consisted 
of 14 paper negatives and a print made by her father, Abel Fletcher 
(1820-1890). The note which was around them read: "My first 
experiments with paper negatives, before glass negatives were in- 
vented, about 1845." There is good reason to believe that these are 
the earliest paper negatives made in the United States. Abel 
Fletcher lived in Massillon, Ohio, where, in 1843, he was engaged in 


making daguerreotypes. Whether he was an inventor or whether 
he knew of the invention of Fox Talbot of England does not alter the 
great interest and historical value of these early specimens of pho- 
tography. The negatives are in perfect condition and excellent prints 
have been made from them. To Stanley M. Baltzly of Massillon is 
due the credit of discovering these paper negatives. 

As photographic prints in color are difficult to make, the Museum 
was glad to receive an increment of 27 prints contributed by Fred- 
erick E. Ives, 10 being by his process called " Hicrome " and 17 by 
" Hicarbo." A second gift was from Mrs. Thomas A. Witherspoon 
of two color transparencies by Joly. The Museum possesses only one 
other print by this process. The third gift was from Theodore 
Bolton, a print made by M. Miley & Son, of Lexington, Va., by 
superimposed carbon tissue printed from three color separation 
negatives, and taken from the first painting of George Washington 
by Charles Willson Peale, 

Three pictorial prints of historical value were the gift of A. W. 
Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland; these Avere made about 20 years ago by a 
modification of the gum process, known as the " Hill's pigment proc- 
ess." Mrs. Clarence H. White contributed for educational purposes 
three pictorial prints made by her late husband, the founder of the 
Clarence H. White School of Photography in New York City. 
From H. A. Latimer came five examples of his pictorial work; two 
were carbon prints and three reproductions made by the photo- 
gravure process. The very large carbon of the yacht Lasca is a 
wonderful piece of marine photography. 

Other pictorial prints worthy of favorable mention included three 
bromides, the gift of Bertrand H. Wentworth, which were taken 
along the New England coast. Joseph Petrocelli donated four 
examples of his artistic efforts obtained on his trip abroad. J. H. 
Eadcliffe continued his interest in the section of photography by 
donating four prints largely of historical value. 

Five additions were made to the motion-picture series. Four came 
from E. H. Amet and relate to the early history of the art. Among 
them is a small strip of early film ; also a negative of a model basiii 
in which the destruction of the Spanish fleet of 1898 was filmed. 
John U. Perkins gave an amateur motion-picture camera and pro- 
jector combined, produced about 15 years ago and one of the first 
machines put on the m.arket to popularize the art. 

Leslie T. Adams, Oxford, England, contributed 12 old lantern 
slides of about 50 or 60 years ago made by H. W. Taunt and used 
at children's Christmas entertainments. E. P. Tolman donated ^ 
box camera of the vintage of about 1890. The Ilex Optical Co. 
gave three photographic shutters which show their latest improve- 


A friend who has long assisted the photographic collection, Frank 
V, Chambers, editor of The Camera, this year contributed 141 old 
books on photography which are a valuable addition to the library 
of the section of photography. 

Loeb collection of chemical types. — Efforts during the year in 
behalf of the Loeb collection of chemical types resulted in the receipt 
of 175 specimens for addition to the collection. A number of 
materials which were tendered had to be refused as not of the 
character prescribed, and some specimens were lost through breakage 
of tubes in transit. Many new contacts with research workers in 
the chemical field were made by correspondence and a considerable 
number through personal interviews by the curator, Maj. O. E. 
Roberts, jr., and much new material has been promised. 

History. — During the year 7,183 specimens were added to the col- 
lections in the division of history. Space permits of mention of only 
the more important acquisitions of the year. 

The antiquarian collections were increased by a desk chair owned 
and used during the latter part of the nineteenth century by Susan 
B. Anthony, presented to the Museum by her biographer, Mrs. Ida 
H. Harper. A white satin brocade evening dress, with accessories, 
worn by Mrs. Calvin Coolidge was presented by her, together with 
a Pi Beta Phi fraternity pin, for the collection of the series of cos- 
tumes worn in the White House. A light tan hand-embroidered 
muslin dress of 1845 was contributed by Miss Isabella C. Freeman 
and Mrs. B. H. Buckingham, and American costumes of the period 
of the Civil War were given by Miss Isabel Rives and by Miss Lola 

The Maryland Historical Society presented for perpetual preserva- 
tion and exhibition with the Star Spangled Banner three fragments 
of that historic flag, removed from it by a former owner and now 
restored by the society. This flag which flew over Fort McHenry 
during its successful defense against the British fleet September 13 
and 14, 1814, and was immortalized by Key as " The Star Spangled 
Banner," descended from the commander of the fort, Lieut. Col. 
George Armistead, to his grandson, Eben Appleton, from whom the 
National Museum received it as a gift in December, 1912. These 
pieces, one of red, one white, one blue, were cut from the flag by 
Mr. Appleton in October, 1880, and given to William W. Carter, 
whose sister. Miss Virginia M. Carter, in October, 1889, presented 
them to the Maryland Historical Society in accordance with the 
wishes of Mr. Carter. 

The military collections were increased by the addition of 20 pieces 
of heavy German ordnance captured during the World War and 
transferred to the Museum from the War Department, together with 
8 United States Army rifles. The uniform coat, chapeau, two sashes, 


sword belt, two pairs of epaulets, aiguilette, and gloves of the period 
of the war with Mexico worn by Col. William G. Freeman of the 
Fourth United States Artillery, were presented by Miss Freeman and 
Mrs. Buckingham. A British officer's sword and a Dutch naval 
cutlass both of the late eighteenth century were donated by Mrs. 
Francis T. Eedwood. 

A series of 8 small flags illustrating the development of the 
United States national colors from 1776 to 1926, specially prepared 
for exhibition at the Sesquicentennial at Philadelphia, was trans- 
ferred to the Museum at the close of the exposition. The first of 
these represents the design of the Grand Union Flag which was 
flown over the Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass., in January, 
1776, and the second the first Stars and Stripes as established by 
resolution of the Continental Congress, June 14, 1777. The third 
shows the design of 15 stars and 15 stripes as established by act of 
Congress approved January 13, 1794, and as flown during the War 
of 1812-1815. The fourth flag shows the design established by act of 
Congress approved April 4, 1818, which provided that the number of 
stripes be reduced from 15 to 13 and that the stars should represent 
the number of States in the Union, each new star to be added to the 
design on the 4th of July succeeding the admission of the State thus 
represented. The fifth shows the design during the first year of the 
war with Mexico, 1846-1847, when the union contained 28 stars. The 
sixth shows the design during the first two years of the Civil War, 
1861-1863, when the union contained 34 stars. The seventh shows 
the national colors during the war with Spain, 1898, when the num- 
ber of stars was 45. The eighth and last shows the design used 
during the World War, 1917-18, when the number of stars was 48. 

The naval collections were increased by a gold mounted sword 
which was presented by the State of New York to Commodore 
Thomas Macdonough, United States Navy, in recognition of his 
achievements during the War of 1812-1815, and a pair of gold- 
mounted pistols presented to him by the State of Connecticut in 
recognition of the same services. These three objects of unique 
historical and artistic interest were lent to the Museum by his grand- 
son, G. H. Macdonough. 

The numismatic collection received a number of additions. A gold 
medal awarded by act of Congress approved June 28, 1902, to Lieut. 
Ellsworth P. Bertholf, United States Revenue Cutter Service, in 
recognition of his services in connection with the expedition of 
1897-98 for the relief of whaling ships in the Arctic regions, was 
lent by Mrs. Emilie E. Bertholf. A bronze medal commemoratiiig 
the centennial anniversary of 1927 of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 
Co. was presented by that company. An artistic bronze plaque 


designed by Emil Fuchs in commemoration of the International 
Philatelic Exhibition, New York, 1926, was given by the Association 
for Stamp Exhibitions (Inc.). 

A collection of 43 United States gold, silver, nickel, and bronze 
coins, struck 1920-1926, a series of 81 medieval and modern European 
coins and 4 Chinese coins were transferred from the Treasury Depart- 
ment, as were also a bronze medal commemorating the seventy-fifth 
anniversary of the founding of the Aztec Club of 184T and two copies 
of the bronze portrait medal of Alexander Hamilton, first secretary of 
the United States Treasury. 

The pictorial collections were increased by an oil painting by 
William S. Horton, showing Gen. John J. Pershing and the. American 
troops traversing the Place de la Concorde on the occasion of the 
victory fete in Paris, July 14, 1919. This painting was presented 
to the Museum by Madame Marius de Brabant through Mrs. H. 
Fairfield Osborn. A second oil painting of historic interest received 
this year is one by Charles Bryant entitled " The American Battle 
Fleet in Sydney Harbor," presented to the United States by citizens 
of New South Wales and transferred to the Museum from the State 

Henry K. Bush-Brown, the sculptor, contributed -nine examples in 
plaster of his skill in making men of history very real to the gen- 
erations following. These pieces consisted of an equestrian statu- 
ette, of Gen. Anthony Wayne, being the working model for the 
statue at Valley Forge, Pa., erected b};^ the State of Pennsylvania; 
an equestrian statuette of Gen. John Sedgwick, being the model for 
the statue at Gettysburg erected by the ' State of Connecticut; por- 
trait bust, life size, of Gen. G. G. Meade, being a study for equestrian 
statue at Gettysburg erected by State of Pennsylvania ; portrait head 
of Gen. John Fulton Keynolds, being study for equestrian statue 
at Gettysburg erected by the State of Pennsylvania; portrait bust 
of Admiral Harry C. Taylor; portrait bust of Dr. A. W. Cowles, 
president of the first College for Women at Elmira, N. Y. ; portrait 
bust of Henry Kirke Brown, being model for bronze in the hall 
of remembrance in New York University; and portrait heads of 
Gen. Daniel E. Sickles and of Geii. David McN. Gregg. 

A miniature plaster bust of Grover Cleveland by A. Pedro Fla- 
quepagne made in 1892 was donated by Thomas Tapscott Gill, 
through Mrs. George B. Gill. A statue of Laddie B07/, by Miss 
Bashka Paeff, cast from pennies contributed by the newsboys of the 
United States in memory of their friend, Warren Gamaliel Harding, 
was presented by The Roosevelt Newsboys' Association, thro'ugh E. E. 
Keevin, director. 
69199—27 9 


The philatelic collection was increased by 5,856 specimens of which 
4,956 were transferred from the Post Office Department and 900 were 
a donation. 

The transfer from the Post Office contained, in triplicate, the new 
regular and commemorative issues of all the countries in the Uni- 
versal Postal Union, a series of Hungarian stamps issued 1913 to 
1924, together with the new United States air mail stamp and the 
United States stamp commemorating the 150th anniversity of the 
battle of White Plains. 

In 1926 the division came into possession of a collection in a branch 
of philately new to the Museum, through the transfer from the Post 
Office Department of 12,314 precancel postage stamps, which had 
been donated to the department for reference by Walter L. Gates, 
of Teaticket, Mass. This year the Precancel Stamp Society, through 
its president, John L. Parker, offered its services in building up here 
a complete series of these stamps. The society appointed Mr. Gates 
as its official representative to procure by various methods the stamps 
needed to complete the collection and to assist the Museum philatelist, 
if need be, in mounting the specimens. The society this year do- 
nated 900 additional precancels, all new to the collection. 


Mineral and mecha/nical technology. — The most extensive rear- 
rangements of exhibits had to do with the transfer elsewhere of a 
collection of 1,106 objects received from the War Department in 1923 
and assigned here as relating to the subject of communication. As 
this collection is made up entirely of American, allied, and German 
war signaling equipment, it was transferred to the division of history 
for incorporation in the war collections, to which group it rightfully 
belongs. Space thus made available was immediately utilized in the 
expansion of the collections on communication and machine tools. 
It permitted the exhibition of the more important objects in a less 
crowded atmosphere, and the expansion of the machine tool collec- 
tion, which had been concentrated in a space considerably less than 
one-third of that needed. 

With the cooperation of the division of history, the division of 
mineral technology was able to place on exhibition from storage 
several exhibits showing the production and refining of several of the 
rarer metals. While these exhibits, which have been held iia storage 
for a great many years, are by no means ideal, they have informative 
value and are being used temporarily pending the time when added 
exhibition space will make possible more complete and modern col- 

Besides these major rearrangements, the preparator, F. C. Keed, 
and assistant, W. L. Dawsey, were constantly at work in the main- 


tenance of the working models, repairing exhibits, cleaning collec- 
tions, and making minor rearrangements of individual objects. In 
conjunction with this work the assistant curator, Paul E. Garber, 
and aid, F. A. Taylor, were constantly engaged in revising old 
descriptive labels, preparing new labels, and attending to general 
administrative work. 

The divisions are equipped with but one preparator and an assist- 
ant, a force by no means adequate to keep the collections in perfect 
condition. Changes and improvements in descriptive labels on both 
old and new collections are a perpetual task, and it has been impos- 
sible as yet to be fully up to date in this respect. 

Textiles, foods, organio chemistry, wood technology, and medi- 
cine. — In the subjects under the general supervision of the curator 
of textiles, all new material has been installed as soon after its re- 
ceipt as possible. Twenty-three installations of new exhibit material 
or rearrangements of exhibits already on view were made in the tex- 
tile halls during the year, the principal changes being in the cotton 
and silk sections. The most important new exhibits comprised rayon, 
Javanese batiks, hooked rugs, sun-fast cotton goods, and novelty dress 

In the section of foods nine exhibit cases were installed. The most 
important new exhibits were those showing honey production and 
canned foods for winter consumption by an average family. 

In the section of organic chemistry 42 new installations or rear- 
rangements were made on the south and southwest court galleries, 
covering such subjects as rubber, leather, footwear, felt hats, gut 
strings, rayon, and soap. The most noteworthy are the series of 
cases devoted to the leather industry, and the exhibit showing the 
tapping of a rubber tree to obtain the latex or milk. The latter intro- 
duces the series of rubber exhibits installed in the preceding year. 
Its installation at that time was prevented by an accident which 
seriously damaged the wax figure of the tapper. The figure has 
since been restored by W. H. Egberts, who also skillfully modeled 
the bark and tapping cuts on a real trunk of a rubber tree from an 
East Indian plantation, which had been in storage since the Inter- 
national Rubber Exposition in 1912. 

In the division of medicine 47 new or rearranged installations were 
made during the year. The installation of the materia medica ex- 
hibits was altered to conform to a new scheme of classification, and 
the history of medicine and the pharmacy materials were reorgan- 
ized to permit the insertion of new materials recently received. The 
most important of the new installations of the year were the Gorgas 
memorials, three cases of patent models, the oral hygiene and eye 
exhibits, the American home model, and the model depicting the 
transmission of disease by rats. The raw glands and glandular 


tissues of the organotherapy exhibit were replaced with new mate- 
rial, and the hospital exhibit in the Natural History Building was 
furnished with new labels. ius[a(y> 

In the wood court 14 installations of new exhibition material and 
two rearrangements have been made during the year. The installa- 
tions of new material included : Commercial woods of Virginia ; the 
table and case showing type construction of Paine Lumber Co.'s 
doors ; animated forest fire model ; mahogany panels ; digger pine and 
Douglas fir cones-; tree planting hints and helps ; forest fire protec-' 
tion; United Stales Forest Service camp-fire model; forest utility' 
charts; a recently developed fireplace fuel; and the manufacture of 
"masonit^." The original reversing apparatus on the Paine doors 
was completely removed, and a much better device installed. The 
Japanese timber bamboos were assembled into two groups instiead 
of three as formerly to conserve space and improve appearance. 
Samples of about 900 hitherto unrepresented woods were incorpo- 
rated in the study collection, and 525 hand samples of wood were 
prepared for distribution and exchange. '^'''' 

Graphic arts. — Additions of note to the permanent exhibition 
series included a technical exhibit of engraving specially prepared 
for and shown as part of the Museum's exhibit at the Sesquicenten- 
nial at Philadelphia; 72 specimens from the Ferris gift which were 
mounted by the curator ; and the Wales gift showing the making of 
a • lithograph in two printings. 

The Museum has for many years had on exhibition in the division 
of history the printing press on which Benjamin Franklin worked 
when he first went to England in 1725-26. The press was this year 
transferred to the custody of the division of graphic arts. In plac- 
ing it on exhibition in the main hall of the Smithsonian Building 
advantage was taken of the opportunity to so reassemble the parts 
that the press now conforms to the old engravings of it. The press 
is valuable not only from its association with Franklin but as a 
genuine press of that period which has not been restored in any way. 

While fewer new exhibits were incorporated, the permanent exhi- 
bition series as a whole was greatly improved by rearrangement. 
Much of the exhibition space of the division in the Smithsonian 
Building was dismantled for 'about six weeks during the middle of 
the year to allow the Smithsonian Institution to utilize the main hall 
and connecting range for an important conference early in February. 
Special exhibits of the varied activities of the Institution and its' 
branches brought together here for this conference were continued 
for several weeks. In providing space in the connecting range for 
the conference, the printing presses and type-casting and composing 
machines occupying the center of the range were permanently moved 
into the chapel. This necessitated the complete rearrangement of 


the cases in that hall. After the conference a number of flat-top 
cases were placed in the center of the range, and these have since 
served for the display of the special loan exhibitions. Being adja- 
cent to the office of the assistant curator, E,. P. Tolman, they can be 
installed and cared for with a minimum of effort. 

In the section of photography a general rearrangement of the long 
case on the north wall of the court gallery was undertaken with a 
view to providing space here to exhibit the comprehensive collection 
of early motion-picture apparatus which the Museum has been assem- 
bling, mainly through the cooperation of The Motion Picture Pro- 
ducers and Distributors of America (Inc.) and through C. Francis 
Jenkins and others more or less interested in the industry. The 
Museum possesses many motion-picturex cameras, projectors, and 
other apparatus and prints, only a small part of which it has been 
possible heretofore to place on view. Two such projectors — a 
Latham projector used in 1895 and an early Mutoscope projector — 
formed a part of the Museum's exhibit at the Sesquicentennial and 
were on their return from Philadelphia added to the exhibition 

Special exhibitions were arranged every month and during most 
of the year there were two series, one relating to printing processes 
and the other relating to pictorial photogTaphy. 

" The Fifty Prints of the Year," sponsored by the American Insti- 
tute of Graphic Arts and shown August 2 to 28, consisted of 25 
conservative and the same number of modern prints, in various 
mediums, so that the two trends in art could be studied side by side. 

The inserts of the Sesquicentennial n'umber of the American 
Printer were shown during the month of September. These related 
to the history of the United States in the last 150 years, and from 
the graphic arts standpoint were of value as illustrating the quality 
of work now being produced in the United States from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific in designing, illustrating, engraving, and letter press 
printing. These inserts were the work of a hundred different con- 
cerns, and are the property of the Museum. 

Sixty-three wood-block prints in color by Gustave Baumann, 
Santa Fe, N. Mex., were shown October 2 to 29. These were lent 
by the artist and were mostly of western subjects printed in the 
European manner. 

Fifty-one wood-block prints in color made and lent by Mrs. Bertha 
Lum, tloUywood, Calif., were displayed October 30 to November 
26. Oriental in feeling, conception and execution, these formed a 
great contrast with those of Mr. Baumann. 

Seventy etchings, drypoints, and wood-block prints in color by 
B. J. O. Nordfeldt, Santa Fe, N. Mex., were shown as a loan from) 


him November 27, 1926, to January 2, 1927. His early work was 
conservative while his recent productions are in the modern manner. 

A group of 24 very rare and valuable eighteenth century color 
prints, lent by Arnold Seligmann, Rey & Co., (Inc.), was shown 
January 3 to 29, 1927. This exhibit was appreciated by the public, 
as prints of this quality are scarce and seldom seen in any quantity. 

Sixty etchings, dry points, and aquatints by H. M. Luquiens, an 
American artist of Honolulu, were displayed as a loan January 31 
to February 26. All were of Hawaiian subjects. 

Fifty dry points, lithographs, and drawings by Chauncey F. 
Ryder, New York City, were loaned by that artist for exhibition 
February 28 to March 26. His dry points are among the most 
skillful the Museum has ever shown. 

Fifty-five etchings made and lent by Lee Sturges, president of the 
Chicago Society of Etchers, were exhibited March 28 to April 23. 
His mountain scenes in the West are very impressive. 

Fifty lithographs by Bolton Brown, New York City, were shown 
April 25 to May 21. All his work is done directly on stone, and his 
prints have the true qualities of art. 

In the section of photography, 50 bromoils by Floyd Vail, New 
York City, were exhibited July 15 to September 30, 1926, the first 
showing of his work in this medium, which gives him a better method 
of expression than bromide. 

Through Mr. Vail's efforts 201 prints comprising the pictorial 
section of the seventy-first annual exhibition of the Royal Photo- 
graphic Society of London, were shown during December. This is 
the first time such a series has been seen in America, and marks a 
step in the closer relations that now exist between the pictorial 
workers of the two countries. 

Sixty-nine photographs, " In Old World Gardens," by Miss Fran- 
ces Benjamin Johnston, New York City, were exhibited in February, 
1927. These were made by her during a recent sojourn in England, 
France, Spain, Italy, and Algeria. 

Twenty-eigfht portraits by Marcus Adams, London, England, 
were shown March 15 to 31. The series was brought to this 
country for display at the convention of the Photographers' Asso- 
ciation of America before which Mr. Adams was an invited 

The last show of the year, hung June 15 to extend through the 
month of July, consisted of 127 prints by members of the Cleve- 
land Photographic Society, of Cleveland, Ohio. These are in 
various mediums from bromides to color photography. 

History/. — The work of outstanding importance accomplished in 
the division of history this year was the installation in the Museum 
of the military and naval collections which had been shown at the 


Sesquicenteiinial Exposition in Philadelphia. This material, with 
the exception of the series of flags already mentioned, was all the 
property of the Museum, selected mainly from the reserve collec- 
tions. Its installation now in the exhibition series, while adding a 
new note to the exhibition halls, adds nothing new to the Museum's 
possessions. It calls attention, however, to the vast resources of 
historical material available for display when additional space can 
be obtained. 

The exhibits from Philadelphia, besides the flags mentioned, con- 
sisted of a series of military uniforms showing the types used by 
the United States Army from 1776 to 1926, all originals except 
th|bse of the Revolutionary period^ w'hich iare reproductions; a 
series of swords carried by officers and men of the United States 
Army during the same period, the earlier ones of foreign manufac- 
ture and those of the first decade of the nineteenth century examples 
of the first formal military swords produced in America ; a series of 
firearms used in the Army, 1776 to 1926, from flintlock pistols to 
the modern rifle; a series of shoulder straps worn by officers of the 
United States Army from 1850 to 1898, with those worn during the 
World War; a complete series of types of medals and decorations 
awarded for special services in the United States Army during 
1862 to 1926; models of the ships of Columbus, of the May-flower ^ 
and of the Constitution; and a series of United States and foreign 
commemorative postage stamps issued from 1876 to 1926. 

Notable changes made during the year in the arrangement of the 
floor space and the location of exhibits, particularly in the Arts and 
Industries Building, have also greatly enhanced the educational 
value of the historical collections. The west hall which had been 
occupied for a number of years by specimens in anthropology, 
mineral technology, and history was entirely rearranged. All the 
anthropological material was removed to the Natural History Build- 
ing and the hall was divided lengthwise, the south side for the divi- 
sion of mineral technology and the north side for the division of 
history. The increased historical space was at once installed with 
antiquarian and military materials. 

The northwest court which formerly contained the postage-stamp 
collection and a miscellaneous collection of antiquarian and military 
materials arranged in cases of various sizes, was also completely over- 
hauled. The postage-stamp cabinet, formerly set up in the shape of 
a rectangle in the center of the court, was moved to the numismatic 
hall, where the various sections were placed in a single line along 
the south wall. The value of the postage-stamp exhibit was vastly 
increased by the improved lighting facilities, by the mo^e prominent 
location where it can hardly be overlooked by the visitor, by the 


arrangement of all the frames in a single line, and finally by its 
placement in proximity to the numismatic collection to which it is 
more closely related than to any other class of historical material. 
The miscellaneous floor cases with their contents were taken from 
the court and scattered through the other historical halls, thus 
affording space in the court for two of the exhibit series from 
Philadelphia, namely, the military uniforms installed in remodeled 
door screen cases, and the military swords in slope top cases. 

In the north hall the antiquarian, military, and naval collections on 
display were reclassified and reinstalled, greatly improving general 

A large amount of military materials of the World War period 
was transferred from the Arts and Industries Building to the Natural 
History Building. The historical materials in the latter building 
all belong to the period of the World War, and the present plan 
is to preserve and perfect this division of material between the two 

The time of the curator of history, T. T. Belote, was largely devoted 
to a revision of the national numismatic exhibit in anticipation of the 
meeting of the American Numismatic Association in Washington 
during the third week in August, 1926, and to the preparation of 
plans for the installation of the exhibits from the Sesquicentennial, 
of new exhibits in the west hall and the northwest court, and to the 
change in the north hall. 

In all the above Mr. Belote was ably assisted by the assistant 
curator, Capt. Charles Carey, who also accomplished independently 
much work along other lines, including the completion of the installa- 
tion of the historical exhibit at the Sesquicentennial ; the care of the 
entire Smithsonian exhibit there from August 8 to September 20; 
the rearrangement of the exhibition collections in the northeast court 
of the Arts and Industries Building and of the military and naval 
storage collections. 

In addition to superintending the moving of the philatelic exhi- 
bition collection already mentioned, the philatelist, Mrs. Catherine 
L. Manning, installed a special section of the postage-stamp cabinet 
as a part of the exhibit at the Sesquicentennial. This section con- 
tained 50 vertical sliding frames, each providing exhibition space on 
each side for four rectangular mounts 8 by 10 inches in size. Upon 
these she mounted and labeled a series of 1,889 commemorative 
postage stamps and envelopes issued by the United States and 100 
foreign countries during the period 1876 to 1926. 

Under the direction of the philatelist the collection of precanceled 
postage stamps was classified and catalogued by Walter L, Gates, 
who kindly volunteered his services for this purpose and worked 


in the Museum from November 8 to November 22, 1926. This collec- 
tion includes over 13,000 postage stamps precanceled in many of 
the leading cities of the 48 States of the Union and in the District 
of Columbia. 

Present condition of the collections, — Probably no recent year has 
witnessed so many changes in the location and arrangement of the 
collections in the department of arts and industries and the division 
of history as were accomplished the past year. The Sesquicenten- 
nial and the Smithsonian conference both caused much activity in 
these lines, with the result that the exhibition halls at the end of 
the year were, it is felt, in better condition than ever before, especially 
as to grouping within the various divisions. In all the divisions 
the appearance of the public exhibition was good and the collections 
were well labeled, but lack of space for expansion is keenly felt. 


The collections in the wide field covered by the department of 
arts and industries and the division of history offer opportunities for 
investigation and research in many and varied lines. These collec- 
tions are always freely available for study not only by members of 
the staff but also by studients and research workers generally, and 
Museum employees are always glad to assist other investigators in 
so far as lies in their power. The ever increasing number of speci- 
mens without corresponding increase of personnel, however, limits 
greatly the amount of time that can be used for such purposes, since 
the actual care and preservation of the collections must of necessity 
take precedence. 

Research hy members of the staff. — For a number of years the 
assistant curator of the divisions of mineral and mechanical tech- 
nology, Paul E. Garber, has devoted as m'uch time as possible to 
research in aeronautical developments. The results have been shown 
from time to time in the construction of aircraft models, and toward 
the close of this year a handbook of the aeronautical collections was 
written. By means of numerous illustrations from the collections 
and descriptive matter, a thumb-nail sketch of the history of aero- 
nautics is presented which is believed will prove of value to the 

During the last six months the curator, Carl W. Mitman, and the 
aid, F. A. Taylor, were engaged in research concerning the progress 
and developments in power generation and transmission, chiefly with 
a view to the design of an extensive exhibit bearing on this subject. 

In the division of textiles a systematic study of the New World 
species of Gossypium and other genera related to the cotton plant, 
begun some time ago by the curator, F. L. Lewton, was continued. 


As routine work permitted, work was done on the preparation of 
comprehensive technical definitions of textile fabrics based upon 
authentic specimens in the collections and the examination of avail- 
able current textile literature. 

A rearrangement of the study collection of woods from a geographi- 
cal grouping to one arranged according to the most approved botani- 
cal classification has facilitated study of the wood structure of 
related plant families and aided the classification of wood specimens 
of unknown species. 

The revision of the classification of the materia medica specimens 
continued to receive the principal attention of the assistant curator, 
division of medicine, Dr. Charles Whitebread, throughout the year, 
and the study of American medical history begun some months ago 
was also continued as opportunity offered. 

In the division of history the curator, T. T. Belote, continued and 
brought near to completion a treatise on military and naval swords, 
and the assistant curator, Capt. Charles Carey, continued the prepara- 
tion of a monograph on the firearms in the National Museum. In- 
formation was furnished in connection with an unusually large 
amount of correspondence relating to matters of general historical 
museum interest. 

Research of outside investigators and assistance to Federal bureaus 
and private individuals. — Assistance given by members of the staff 
to two projects, one private and one Federal, may become of far- 
reaching importance. Mr. Mitman devoted the greater part of the 
first half of the year to developing plans for a proposed industrial 
museum for New York City. As to the Federal project, Mr. Mitman 
and Mr. Lewton continued work begun last year in connection with 
the examination of the accumulation of Patent Ofiice models under 
the act of Congress of February 13, 1925, returning many models to 
inventors or their heirs, depositing others in educational establish- 
ments, and bringing many hundreds to the National Museum for fur- 
ther study before definitely deciding to keep or dispose of same. 

Among the Patent Ofiice models selected for preservation in the 
division of mechanical technology were a number pertaining to cal- 
culating machines, including three models of Barbour, whose pioneer 
work was of much importance in the advancement of this art. Bar- 
bour's models were loaned for study purposes to J. A. V. Turck, of 
Chicago, and L. Leland Locke, of Brooklyn, both of whom are recog- 
nized as authorities in the calculating machine field and have written 
numerous articles bearing on their work. 

From time to time the Bureau of Roads of the Department of 
Agriculture has called upon the division for assistance, particularly 
with regard to questions pertaining to the history of transportation. 
This bureau is engaged quite extensively in the preparation of models 


and educational motion pictures bearing on the general subject of 
highway transportation, and the Museum has cooperated whenever 
called upon. The Baltimore & Ohio, the Southern, and the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Kailroad Companies were assisted from time to 
time during the year in connection with individual historical studies. 
Miss Frances Schwartz, assistant to J. D. Ellsworth of the American 
Telephone & Telegraph Co., spent some time in the division exam- 
ining and studying data on the subject of communication. Miss 
Frances Foster, editorial assistant to Dr. Harold Rugg, Teacher's 
College, Columbia University, who is engaged in the preparation 
of a series of seventh and eighth grade textbooks on the industries 
of the United States, was given all possible assistance, particularly 
in the form of illustrative matter to be used in these publications. 

Another type of assistance rendered was that of checking facts 
contained in manuscripts for publication by private individuals. 
Thus the chapter on aviation developments contained in a forthcom- 
ing book by Mark Sullivan was carefully edited, and the chronology 
record on aviation prepared by Maj. Ernest Jones was similarly 
checked. In addition to the special help of which the above instances 
are typical, the division is daily rendering informative service 
through the regular correspondence channels. 

In the division of textiles, the large reference collection of wool 
fabrics was studied by Francis Fries, a graduate of the Philadelphia 
Textile School, for designs of fancy fabrics. Specimens of coir fiber 
were supplied the Department of Agriculture for use in a hearing 
before the Interstate Commerce Commission. 

A member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission 
examined the exhibits and literature on cork. Representatives of the 
United States Forest Service, the United States Forest Products 
Laboratory, and Lieutenant Harrison, of the Bureau of Aeronautics, 
United States Navy Department, sought information from the col- 
lections in connection with researches on the use of bamboo in the 
construction of airplane pontoons. Prof. Toyokazu Suzuki, of the 
Agricultural and Forestry College, of Suigen, Korea, examined 
methods of handling exhibition and reserve collections of wood. Dr. 
Ryozo Kanehira, director of the department of forestry. Government 
Research Institute, Taihoku, Formosa, also studied the wood collec- 
tions, being particularly interested in wood anatomy and the by- 
products of wood. C. P. Wright, of the department of economics of 
Harvard University, utilized Museum material on forest conserva- 
tion, in which subject he was engaged in research. C. L. Redfield, 
Chicago, 111., and P. J. Harkins, Washington, D. C, examined 
the " masonite " products. H. S. Olin, architect, of Baltimore, Md., 
studied the Museum's specimens of wood sections and micrographs 
of wood. 


The curator of textiles, F. L. Lewton, furnished technical in- 
formation on wool manufacture, Levers lace machines, and the work- 
ing of embroidery jacquards, to the textile section of the Bureau of 
the Census, United States Department of Commerce. He also identi- 
fied specimens of fiber for the United States Appraiser's Office, 
Treasury Department, and supplied a valuation report on a sample 
of raw silk produced in America, for the Bureau of Entomology, 
United States Department of Agriculture. Special information on 
industrial raw materials and the identification of specimens were 
furnished to several bureaus of the Government, and to numerous 
individuals, the identification of fibers, fabrics, gums, resins, seeds, 
and woods for individuals both in and out of the Government service 
continuing to be a part of the regular w^ork. As heretofore, Mr. 
Lewton furnished the identification of cottons and cottonseeds intro- 
duced by the Office of Foreign Plant Introduction, United States 
Department of Agriculture, and to him were referred letters re- 
questing information on silk and artifieia;l silk received by various 
Federal departments. Three lots of material were received for iden^ 
tification and report. 

In the division of graphic arts, the assistant curator, E. P. Tolman, 
rendered assistance in the identification of old paintings, miniatures, 
prints, books, especially Bibles, and newspapers both for institutions 
and individuals, including, among others, the Frick Art Reference 
Library and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, both of New York 
City. Harry B. Wehle, assistant curator of paintings in the latter, 
was aided concerning miniatures, both in connection- with the ex- 
hibit in that museum and with Mr. Wehle's new book on the subject. 
Information was also furnished individuals bringing objects in per- 
son for identification. 


Distributions from the department of arts and industries and the 
division of history aggregated 6,041 specimens, as follows : Gifts in 
aid of education, 498; loans for special exhibitions elsewhere and 
for research or study purposes, 5,200 ; transferred to other Govern- 
ment establishments, 5; and returned to owners, 338. 

The gifts included 491 Patent Office models relating to mechanical 
devices, which were donated to colleges, high schools, museums and 
other institutions under the terms of the act of Congress of Feb- 
ruary 13, 1925. Some 420 dental patent models not needed imme- 
diately for display in the National Museum were lent, 419 to Coluqi- 
bia University School of Dental and Oral Surgery, New York City, 
and 1 to the Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago, 111. 
The other loans were chiefly for exhibition purposes and comprised 
mainly the traveling loan exhibits of the division of graphic arts. 



The total number of specimens in the department of arts and 
industries and the division of history on June 30, 1927, was 447,166 
assigned as follows : 

Mineral technology 4, ISS 

Mechanical technology 6, 609 

Textiles 12, 080 

Wood technology 5, 844 

Organic chemistry 17, 662 

Foods 1, 192 

Medicine 14,036 

Graphic arts, including photography 28, 631 

Loeb collection of chemical ts^es 990 

History 355,934 

447, 166 


(except when OTHEBWISE indicated, the specimens WEBE PKEgENTED OB WEEE 

Chicago, 111, : Specimen of epineph- 
rin, a medicinal substance made offi- 
cial in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia X 
(93560) ; (through Dr. E. H. Vol- 
wiler) ; specimen of chemical for 
the Loeb collection of chemical types 
ENCES, Philadelphia, Pa. (through 
Dr. Henry W. Fowler) : 238 speci- 
mens of fishes from Hawaii and 
neighboring islands (94517, ex- 
change) ; 5 specimens of flies 
ADAMS, Leslie T., Oxford, England: 

12 lantern slides (96066). 
ADAMS, Maectts, London, England: 
28 portraits for special exhibition of 
his work from March 15 to 31 ,1927 
(95239, loan). 
ADDINGTON, Hugh M., Nicklesville, 
Va. : Shed skin of a black snake 
AELLEN, Prof. Paul, SchafChausen, 
Switzerland : Plant from Sweden 
collected by Carl Blom (92969) ; 92 
plants (95383.) Exchange. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics: 
Set of official standards of the 
United States for American cot- 
ton linters ; bulk samples of sev- 
en grades of cotton linters, and 
a specimen of cottonseed oil 
cake (95104). 
Bureau of Biological Survey: 
Model illustrating the part rats 
play in disease transmission and 
the methods of proofing houses 
against them (89421) ; 22 plants 
collected in Florida by A. H. 
Howell (92143) ; 24 cleaned 

Bureau of Biological Survey — Con. 
skeletons of birds (92326) ; 11 
skeletons of birds from Arizona 
and Nevada and 11 raven eggs 
from Oregon (92541) ; eggs and 
larvae of land crabs collected at 
the Bureau of Fisheries Station, 
Key West, Fla., by Philip R. 
Stephenson, acting superintend- 
ent; 10 land crabs and 26 vials 
containing eggs and young, be- 
ing material that was used in 
land crab experiments at the 
fisheries biological laboratory, at 
Key West, Fla., during the 
month of September, 1926 
(92549, 95393) ; 3 eggs of a 
curassow laid by a captive bird 
at Sapelo Island, Ga. (92860) ; 
73 reptiles and batrachians in- 
cluding specimens from Florida, 
Nevada, and Mexico (92955) ; 
96 si>ecimens of lichens collected 
in Alaska by L. J. Palmer 
(92994) ; young yellow-crowned 
night heron and 2 basket stars 
from Florida (93495, 94936) ; 3 
fossil bison bones, 25 specimens 
of lichens, and 2 skeletons of 
birds from Alaska (94103, 94384, 
94585) ; (through W. L. Mc- 
Atee) plant from South Dakota 
(94256) ; 8 skeletons of birds 
from the eastern United States 
(94371) ; 9 snakes, 1 turtle, 1 
toad, and 2 alligators (94486) ; 
211 plants collected in Alaska by 
Messrs. Palmer and Miller 
(94741) ; 187 reptiles and am- 
phibians from Guatemala 
(95673) ; skeleton and skin of 2 
birds and 640 mammals (96293. 





Bureau of Entomology (through 
E. A. McGregor, Lindsay, 
Calif.) : 30 specimens of unde- 
termined insects (92595) ; 12 
isopods collected by Dr. S. C. 
Bruner, Santiago, Cuba (92952) ; 
85 specimens of determined 
coleopterous larvae (93547) ; 
(through F. C. Bishopp) 6 speci- 
mens of flies (94391) ; crab col- 
lected by James Zetek on Barro 
Colorado Island, Canal Zone 
(94781) ; 19,373 miscellaneous 
insects (97143). 

(See also under R. W. 

Bureau of Entomology, Bee-Cul- 
ture Laboratory, Somerset, Md.: 
Colony of 3-banded Italian bees, 
samples of honey, beekeeping 
supplies, and photographs on the 
subject of beekeeping (93490). 

Federal Horticultural Board: 4 
land shells from New Orleans, 
La. (92352) ; isopod from China, 
land shell from Honduras, and 
tree frog from South Carolina 
(92353) ; 43 isopods (92365, 
9245.3, 93583, 96308, 96616) ; 3 
land shells and an isopod from 
Jamaica (92386, 92865) ; 16 land 
shells from the West Indies and 
Germany (92399) ; 3 isopods 
from Cuba (92535) ; milliped 
from Java (92602) ; lizard from 
banana debris and pupa and 
larva of a dipterous insect 
(92603) ; isopod from the Phil- 
ippine Islands, and 2 shells from 
Costa Rica (92789) ; gecko from 
Costa Rica (93175) ; shell and 
2 insects from China (92824, 
93173) ; mollusk from New Eng- 
land (92866) ; 4 isopods col- 
lected at Rosemont, Montgomery 
County, Pa. (92976) ; 4 land 
shells from the Azores and 
Switzerland, and an isopod from 
the Azores (93199) ; 4 land 
shells from Australia, and 7 
isopods' from India (93202) ; 2 


Federal Horticultural Board — Con. 
isopods from France, and 4 mol- 
iusks from England and Nova 
Scotia (93259); isopod from 
Holland, . 1 from France, and 5 
from China (93393) ; 2 isopods 
from Holland and 2 land shells 
from Costa Rica (93438) ; mol- 
lusk from Mexico (93832) ; 14 
mollusks from France, Porto 
Rico, England, and Germany 
(93844, 94343) ; isopod from the 
Philippine Islands (94357) ; frog 
from Savannah, Ga. (94499) ; 
16 land shells and slugs from 
Europe, and 11 isopods from 
India (94504) ; 10 amphipods, 1 
isopod and 4 mollusks (94600) ; 
mollusk from Brazil (94748) ; 
mollusk from Bermuda and a 
lizard from Honduras (95186) ; 
2 slugs from the Azores, (95545) ; 
2 slugs and a snail from 
Ireland (95678, 96097) ; 4 isp- 
pods from Costa Rica and Hol- 
land and a mollusk from Ire- 
land (95759) ; 4 land mollusks 
from England and Spain and 3 
isopods from Italy (95898),,; 5 
slugs and snails from Europe 
and a myriapod (96902) ; 8 
land mollusks from England, 
Hungary, and Cuba, and 9 iso- 
pods from England (96067) ; 7 
land shells from the West In- 
dies, Bermuda, and Central 
America, also 1 land planarian 
from Bermuda (96446) ; slug 
from Germany (96807). 

Forest Service: Tj^pe specimen of~ 
plant from California (94581); 
16 posters for use in exhibit 
arranged for American forest 
week (96300) ; (through H. R. 
Kylie) campfire model and 6 
colored bromides , of forest 
scenes for exhibition during 
American forest week (96301, 
loan) ; photograph of a multiple 
cone from shortleaf pine 
(96863) ; plant from Oregon 



Bureau of Plant Industry: 4 plants 
(92407, 94541) ; (through Prof. 
A. S. Hitchcock) 2 plants from 
Peru (92408), 2,936 mounted 
specimens of grasses, plant from 
Argentina, and 2 plants from 
Brazil (94257, 94946, 95747, 
96S47) ; 5 plants collected in 
Cuba by Professor Hitchcock 
(94758) ; (through O. M. Free- 
man) 2 plants (92409, 93383) ; 
20 plants from Arizona (92410) ; 
(through Frederick V. Coville) 
1 specimen and 6 photographs of 
plants from Maryland ; 3 plants 
from Texas; 58 plants and 10 
photographs (92462, 93265, 
95870) ; (through Dr. T. H. 
Kearney) 1,657 plants from Ari- 
zona (92463, 94259, 94729, 94734, 
94999, 96466, 96963, 97095), 71 
specimens of ferns from Arizona 
(93396, 94215, 94582, 95341) ; 
(through Mrs. Agnes Chase) 
2,552 specimens of grasses 
(92479, 94258, 94512) ; plant 
from New Jersey (92597) ; 
(through Dr. C. R. Ball) 42 
plants (92954, 93191, 93382) ; 7 
plants from Colorado (93397, 
93493) ; 3 plants from Uruguay 
and Paraguay (93149) ; (through 
L. H. Dewey) plant from Cuba 
(93264) ; (through H. C. Skeels) 
228 specimens of plants collected 
in Morocco and other localities 
by Dr. David Fairchild (93426), 
30 specimens of ferns collected in 
the East Indies by Doctor Fair- 
child and Mr. Dorsett (93494), 
1,400 plants collected in China 
and Manchuria by Mr. Dorsett 
(93538), 43 plants collected in 
the East Indies by Messrs. Fair- 
child and Dorsett (94719), plant 
from Georgia (96767) ; (through 
M. W. Talbot) plant (93475) ; 
(through Prof. O. F. Cook) 15 
plants from South America, 4 
photographs of palms from Vene- 
zuela, 15 palms (93623, 94099, 

Bureau of Plant Industry — Contd. 
94109) ; (through John A. Ste- 
venson) 19 hand samples of Man- 
churian woods ^94562) ; crosss 
sections of 10 Egyptian trees 
(94563) ; 12 named varieties of 
almonds grown in California in 
1926 (95103) ; 106 plants col- 
lected in South America by Dr. 
J. R. Weir (96094) ; (through 
Dr. S. P. Blake) 76 plants col- 
lected in Arizona by Dr, T. H. 
Kearney (96768). 

STATION, Logan, Utah: 4 bees 
representing native species (90458). 

STATION, Department van den 
Landbouw, Paramaribo, Surinam 
(through Ceroid Stahel, director) : 
5 plants (96075). 
ALADDIN CO., THE, Bay City, 
Mich. : Model illustrating the evolu- 
tion of the American home and 
emphasizing the advance in hygienic 
living conditions (93552). 
New York City (through Bert C. 
Chambers) : 12 examples in color 
produced by the new " Jean Bert6 " 
process of color printing. Patent No. 
1595756 (93165) ; 6 examples of the 
new method of printing in water 
color, developed by the donor 
ALEXANDER, Dr. C. P. (See under 

Dr. Edward Jacobson.) 
ALFARO, Sr. Don Anastasio, San 
Jose, Costa Rica, Central America : 
27 specimens of orchids from Costa 
Rica (92784). 
ALLAN, James, Mountain Park, 

N. Mex. : 2 plants (94604). 
ALLEN, C. C, St. Petersburg, Fla. : 
Approximately 350 moUusks from 
Florida, Bahamas, and Cuba 
ALLEN, C. F. H., Boston, Mass.: 13 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (95863). 





ALLEN, HAROLD, (See under Miss 
May L. Allen.) 

ALLEN, Dr. H. W., Riverton, N. J. : 
2 type specimens of flies (95340). 

ALLEN, Mrs. Lauka M., Watertown, 
N. Y. : 34 specimens of hand-woven 
fabrics, including an old draft of a 
design " Flowery Walks," written 
January 15, 1842, intended to illus- 
trate the evolution of domestic 
manufactures, collected by the 
donor from various weavers and 
persons interested in weaving 

ALLEN, Miss May L., and Haeold 
ALLEN, Washington, D. 0.: Black 
Chantilly lace fan of the early part 
of the 19th century, and 2 dresses of 
the period of the Spanish-American 
War (94693). 

ALLEN, R. A., Washington, D. C. : 
Moro spear (93381). 

ALLEN, Walter Blwood, Washington, 
D. C. : Specimen of a blue jay from 
Maryland (96274). 

(LTD.), New York City: 22 speci- 
mens of celanese yarns and fabrics, 
a sample of a scouring agent for 
celanese, and 58 specimens of arti- 
ficial dyestuffs, 21 of them for dye- 
ing celanese, 13 which dye wool, 
and 24 which dye cotton, but not 
celanese (93447). 

TION, Chicago, 111. : An exhibit em- 
phasizing the importance of oral 
hygiene (92992). 

City: "Fifty prints of the Year" 
(92297, loan). 

CO., Brooklyn, N. Y. : Set of speci- 
mens of Inda, a casein plastic, 
mounted on a wooden tray, consist- 
ing of 20 small plaques and four- 
teen 3-inch pieces of half -inch tubing 
all in varied colors (93144). 

ington, D. C. (through L. R. Lohr, 

executive secretary) : Medal, bar, 
button, and ribbon of the Society of 
American Military Engineers 

HISTORY, New York City: 2 small 
mammals from China ; cast of a 
porpoise from Tung Ting Lake, 
China ; 2 bird skins ; hair seal from 
Greenland ; 16 specimens of flies ; 
cast and model of the skull of a dino- 
saur (92803; 93879; 94968; 95102; 
95397 ; 95894, exchange) ; 7 speci- 
mens of Anthidiine bees, represent- 
ing 5 species, including paratypes of 
2 species; 2 crabs; (through Mr. 
Childs Frick) casts of the lower 
jaws of a mastodon in the museum 
at Lyon, France, and of skulls and 
jaws of 8 smaller mammals (94362, 
94553, 95010). 

CIATION, Pittsburgh, Pa. (through 
Dr. Thomas H. Martin) : An exhibit 
emphasizing the importance of con- 
servation of vision (94545). 

SOCIATION (INC.), Baltimore, Md. : 
Copy of The National Formulary V 
(ofilcial copy A-7593) for inclusion 
in the exhibit illustrating the history 
of the United States medical stand- 
ards (92406). 

Edmund G. Gress), New York City: 
91 mounted inserts showing the 
" Chronological list of Events in 
American History," as pictured in 
the Sesquicentennial number of The 
American Printer, and 1 copy of 
The American Printer, July, 1926 

TION, Boston, Mass. : 5 specimens 
of commercial organic derivatives 
from the edible proteins separated 
from beef blood (94057). 

TION, New York City (through Mr. 
H. S. Balliet, secretary) : A train 
indicator signal, one of a series 



TION— Continued, 
being assembled by the American 
Railway Association to visualize 
progi'essive steps in the methods of 
railway signaling (94712). 

Mo. : Specimen of fossil of the order 
Conularida from Oklahoma (96483). 

Jersey City, N. J. : Bronze bust of 
Theodore Low DeVinne by Chester 
Beach (92434, loan). 

erson, N. J. : Conch shell wampum 
material from Pascack, N. J. (92825, 

AMET, E. H., Redondo Beach, Calif. : 
A small piece of early motion film ; 
a negative, % by 4%, of a model 
basin with miniature battle fleet in 
action and representing one of the 
earliest utilizations of models in 
producing full size motion pictures ; 
a news clipping relating to motion 
pictures from an 1898 paper, and a 
business card having on the back a 
cut of the " Magniscope," one of the 
early forms of motion picture appa- 
ratus (94132). 

ANDRADE, Dr. E. Navaebo de, Rio 
Clare, Sao Paulo, Brazil, South 
America : 19 beetles (96484, ex- 

ANONYMOUS: Wasco or Umatilla 
basket, 2 Tlingit baskets, 3 pairs of 
beaded moccasins, and a large 
twined Indian hemp bag made by 
Umatilla Indians (96443). 

WASHINGTON, Washington, D. C. : 
Pottery vessels and fragments col- 
lected by Dr. Manuel Gamio for the 
society at various localities in Gua- 
temala (58 specimens) (92995, 
loan) ; collection of paleolithic stone 
implements and osseous material 
from the rock shelter of Castel Merle 
near Sergeac, Dordogne, France 
(95150, deposit). 

Nome No. 9, Nome, Alaska (through 
Dr. A. HrdliCka) : 2 wooden spear 
throwers, a wooden hook, 2 carved 

wooden masks, a mounted imple- 
ment, wooden dance rattle, and part 
of a fire-making set, from Seward 
Peninsula, Alaska (92889). 

etteville. Ark. (through David G. 
Hall) : 5 flies (95172). 

ARMOUR & CO., Chicago, 111.: 22 
specimens of raw glands and glan- 
dular tissues obtained from slaugh- 
tered food animals (92838) ; a se- 
ries of specimens illustrating stages 
in the manufacture of soap, includ- 
ing 20 samples of soap making and 
9 samples each showing steps in 
the recovery of glycerin and of fatty 
acids as valuable by-products 

ARMSTRONG, W. R., Gastonia, 
N. C. : 2 photographs of an old cot- 
ton ginning, carding, . and spinning 
machine owned by the donor ; also 
a specimen of cleaned cottonseed 
and one of yarn turned out by the 
machine (91229). 

ARNOLD, Benjamin Walworth. 
(See under Miss Edith Drury,) 

ARROW, Gilbert J. (See under 
British Government, British Mu- 
seum (Natural History). 

ARSENE, Rev. Brother G., Las Vegas, 
N, Mex. : 3,035 plants from New 
Mexico (93472, 96662) ; 18 plants 

BITIONS (INC.), THE, New York 
City: Bronze plaque designed by 
Emil Fuchs, commemorating the 
International Philatelic Exhibition, 
New York, 1926 (94960). 

ATKINS, Commander A. K., United 
States Navy, Charleston Navy Yard, 
Charleston, S. C. : 30 marine an- 
nelids collected by the donor in 
Cooper River opposite the navy yard 

ATKINSON, Mrs. D. T., San An- 
tonio, Tex. : 15 photographs of 
cacti (96962, exchange). 

TION, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J.: 
Descriptive data relating to the 



TION— Continued. 
Fokker F-VII Trimotor air liner, 
consisting of photographs, bulletins, 
and blue print (94360). 

AUSTEN, Maj. E. E. (See under 
British Government, British Mu- 
seum (Natural History). 

ney, Australia (through Frank A. 
McNeill) : 3 specimens of crustace- 
ans, one from Saddleback Island, 
near Port Denison, and 2 from Cap- 
ricorn Group (islands), Aultralia 
(92497, exchange). 

AVERY, Miss Myra H., Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y. : Pottery, Roman lamp, and a 
piece of the wedding dress of a 
bride who came over in the May- 
fi(^wer (96609). 

AYERS, Marshall ^M., Washington, 
D. C. : A nearly complete male In- 
dian skull found on an island near 
Duluth, Minn. (93147). 

AZTEC CLUB OF 1847, THE, Wash- 
ington, D. C. (through Col. J. F. 
Reynolds Landis, United States 
Army (retired) ) ; Bronze medal com- 
memorating the seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of the founding of the Aztec 
Club of 1847 (92356). 

BABCOCK, O. G., Sonora, Tex.: A 
small lot of human skeletal remains 
from a cave near Sonora, and 2 
flint implements (91339). 

Walter Rathbone Bacon scholar- 

BADGER, H. S., Deland, Fla. : Plant 
from Florida (95178). 

BAILEY, Dr. L. H., Ithaca, N. Y. : 
Plant from Texas (92429) ; 2 plants 
(93492, 95181) ; 3 photographs and a 
fragmentary specimen of plant 
(94108, exchange) ; 3 specimens and 
6 photographs of plants (94493, ex- 
change) ; plant from Hawaii 
(95128) ; 5 plants from California 
(95344, 95634). 
(See also under Ernest B. Brauu- 

BAILEY, Vernon, Washington, D. C. : 
Plant from Michigan (93222). 

BAKER, Prof. C. F., Los Banos, P. I.: 
306 moths from the Philippine 
Islands, containing many novelties 

BAKER, Dr. F. H., Richmond, Vic- 
toria, Australia : 17 insects from 
Australia (94970, 95639); 5 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects; 9 
specimens, 4 species, of marine shells 
from Australia (95146, 96984, ex- 

BALDINGER, Maj. O. M., United 
States Army (retired), Marion, 
Ohio : Collection of buttons of the 
latter part of the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury (252 specimens) (93176). 

ORATORY, THE, Gates Mills, Ohio: 
20 flies, bird parasites (93278). 

BALDWIN, Ralph, Clarendon, Va. : 
Plant (95385). 

BALDWIN, Master, Nome, Alaska 
(through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : Ap- 
proximately 25 specimens, 7 species, 
of marine shells (93549). 

BALL, Dr. C. R. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of, Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

BALL, W. H., Washington, D. 0.: 
Ring-necked duck from the Potomac 
River (94594). 

BALLIET, H. S. ( See under American 
Railway Association, New York 

BALLIET, Letson, Tonopah, Nev. : 
Crystals of aragonite from a cavern 
in the Grapevine Mountains, 16 
miles west of Beatty, Nev. (92621). 

BALLING, William M., San Gabriel, 
Calif, (through Hoyt S. Gale and 
W. T. Schaller) : Examples of the 
mineral kernite (96779). 

CO., Baltimore, Md. : Bronze medal 
commemorating the centennial anni- 
versary of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Co., 1927 (96775). 

BALTZLY, Stanley M. (See under 
Miss Lillian M. Fletcher.) 

BANKS, Nathan, Cambridge, Mass. 
(through Dr. H. G. Dyar) : 8 speci- 
mens, 5 species, of flies, 3 of which 
are cotypes of 3 species (93517, ex- 



BARBER, H. S., Washington, D. C. : 
Decorated battle ax collected by 
Frank N. Myers in western Tibet in 
1911 (94488, loan). 

BARBOUR, Dr. Thomas, Cambridge, 
Mass. : A remarkable species of 
wr'en from Cuba, representing a 
genus and species new to the Mu- 
seum collections (96445) ; bird from 
Cuba, representing a genus and 
species new to the Museum collec- 
tions (96913). 

BARCLAY, Capt. Hugh, Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil : Collection of gem min- 
erals in rough and cut form 

BARNEY, Mrs. Alice C, Washington, 
D. C. : 4 Thirteenth century painted 
and gilded panels from a chapel in 
southern France (95363, loan). 

BARTLETT, Capt. R. A., New York 
City : Approximately 776 specimens 
of marine invertebrates together 
with algae, echinoderms, mollusks, 
and fishes from North Greenland 

BARTRAM, Edwin B., Tuscon, Ariz. : 
64 plants (94957, 95126, 96186). 

BARTSCH, Dr. Paul, Washington, 
D. C. : 15 birds from Columbia Is- 
land, Wash., D. C. (92420) : 6 birds 
from Florida (93269) ; a large 
sponge from the beach at Biscayne 
Bay, Fla. (93399) ; specimen of a 
western sandpiper from Washington, 
D. C. (93428). 

BAUMANN, GusTAVEJ, Sante Fe, N. 
Mex. : 63 wood-block prints in color 
for special exhibition of his work 
from October 2 to 29, 1926 (93425, 

BAXTER, Dr. G. P., Cambridge, 
Mass. : Specimen of pollucite from 
Perein S. Dudley dike of pegmatite 
on Hodgens Hill, 3y2 miles south- 
west of Buckfield, Me. (94101). 

BAYER CO. (INC.), THE, Albany, 
N. Y. : 5 specimens of medicinal sub- 
stances made official in the United 
States Pharmacopoeia X (93252). 

BEACH, I. T., Ithaca, N. Y. : 2 speci- 
mens of chemicals for the Loeb col- 
lection of chemical types (96368). 

BEALS, Mrs. W. G., Douglas, Ariz.: 
67 plants from Arizona (95138). 

BEAMER, Prof. R. H. (See under 
Kansas, University of.) 

BEATTIE, Dr. R. Kent, Washington, 
D. C. : 3 plants from Oregon (97101). 

BECK, Ellis A., Washington, D. C. : 
Butterfly (92483). 

BBCKWITH, Frank, Delta, Utah: 27 
specimens of trilobites from the 
Middle Cambrian of Utah (96226) ; 
miscellaneous fossil specimens from 
Utah (96482). 

BEECROFT, W. I., Escondido, Calif. : 
7 plants (95875). 

BEISLER, Walter H., Princeton, N. 
J. : 3 specimens of chemicals for the 
Loeb collection of chemical types 

BELANSKI, C. H., Nora Springs, 
Iowa : 20 specimens, para types and 
plesiotypes, of Devonian fossils from 
Iowa (95401). 

RIES, New York City: 3 cabinets 
containing 297 specimens of crude 
gutta-percha and 81 leaf specimens 
of gutta-percha trees from Dutch 
East Indies, Malay, and the Philip- 
pine Islands (94623). 

BENEDICT, Rev. Brother A., Sante 
Fe, N. Mex. : 189 plants from New 
Mexico (93221, 93385, 94733). 

BENEDICT, Dr. James E., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Wood thrush from Mary- 
land (93450). 

BENEDICT, James E., jr.. Linden, 
Md. : Medusa (jelly-fish) collected 
by the donor at Piney Point, Md. 
(93166) ; 72 amphipods, 5 isopods 
and 5 insects (93224) ; 3 sponges, 
approximately 25 bryozoans, 12 ma- 
rine annelids, 2 isopods, approx;i- 
mately 25 amphipods, 17 shrimps, 
22 crabs, 2 shipworms, and 1 mollusk 
(93389) ; crab, 2 anemones, and a 
marine annelid collected in the vicin- 
ity of Herring Creek, St. Mary's 
County, Md. (94373) ; 4 mollusks 
(95518) ; 3 vspecimens of fiddler 
crabs collected by the donor at Tall 
Timbers, Herring Creek, tributary 
of the Potomac River (96405) ; 25 



BENEDICT, JAMKS E., jr. — Continued, 
specimens of terrestrial isopods col- 
lected on the beach at Tall Timbers 

BENN, James. (See under Earl V. 

BERGER, Dr. E. W., Gainesville. 
Fla. : Approximately 15 isopods 

BERRY, Dr. Edwabd W. (See under 
Johns Hopkins Unversity.) 

BERTHOLF, Mrs. Emilie E.. Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Gold medal awarded 
by act of Congress, approved June 28, 
1902, to Lieut. Ellsworth P. Bertholf, 
United States Revenue Cutter Serv- 
ice, in recognition of his services in 
connection with the expedition of 
1897-98, for the relief of whaling 
ships in the Arctic regions (95229, 

BETSCH, Chbis, Russian Mission. 
Alaska (through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : 
2 wooden vessels inlaid with lime- 
stone, a plain wooden vessel, and a 
bag of soil containing charred wood 

BEVILL, Cheves J., Waldron, Ark.: 
Impressed clay objects found by the 
donor in a shallow ravine on the 
farm of Algle Bennett, 2 miles west 
of Waldron (10 specimens) (94778). 

BIELINSKI, R. C. G., Delanco, N. J. : 
SnufC bottle, witch doctor's staff, 2 
spears, 2 wire arm bands, and a 
photograph of some idols, all African 

BIRMINGHAM, Pat, Aragon, N. 
Mex. (through Mr. Rhea Kuyken- 
dall) : 2 leg bones and portions of 
2 skulls of male Indians from Cat- 
ron County, N. Mex. (93836). 

BIRT, Chaeles E., Ann Arbor, Mich. : 
Snake from Kansas (96432). 

BISHOPP, F. C. (See under Agi-i- 
culture, Department of, Bureau of 
Entomology. ) 

BLAKE, Mrs. Doeis H., Washington, 
D. C. : 337 miscellaneous, undeter- 
mined insects from Europe (93585). 

BLAKE, Dr. S. F. Washington, D. C. : 
17 plants (95009); 2 plants from 
the western United States (96643). 

BLAKE, Dr. S. F.— Continued. 

(See also under Agriculture, De- 
partment of, Bureau of Plant In- 
dustiT and Field Museum of Nat- 
ural History, Chicago, 111.) 

BLAKE. Dr. S. F., and Paul C. 
STANDLEY, Washington, D. C. : 16 
plants from New England (93419). 

nes (Seine), France: 10 photo- 
graphs of airplanes made by the 
company, namely: Spad No. 61, 
world altitude record (3 photos) ; 
Spad No. 51 (2 photos) ; Spad 
No. 56 (2 photos) : Bleriot No. 165 
(2 photos) ; Spad No. 81 (1 photo.) ; 
also printed descriptive matter on 
these planes (95558). 

BLISS, Gen. Taskeb H., United States 
Army, Washington, D. C. : Approxi- 
mately 220 ethnological specimens, 
6 boxes of shells, and a large turtle 
shell from the Philippine Islands 

BLY, Mrs. Chakles, Kingman, Ariz. : 
Plant (loco wood) (96013). 

BODEKER, Fr., Cologne, Germany: 2 
photographs of plants (93840, 
94542, exchange) ; 3 plants (94711. 
95153, exchange) ; 2 photographs of 
plants (97090). 

BOGUSCH, E. R., Austin, Tex.: 329 
plants (93242). 

(See also under Texas, University 

BOLTON, Theodobe, Brooklyn. N. Y. : 
Photograph in color by M. Miley & 
Son, Lexington, Va., of Charles 
Willson Peale's oil painting of 
George Washington (94766). 

BOOTH, Dr. E. R., Cincinnati, Ohio 
(through Dr. Riley D. Moore, Wash- 
ington, D. C.) : 7 pictures for addi- 
tion to the exhibit of the history of 
osteopathy in the Museum (92611). 

BOSCHMA, H., Leiden, Holland: 3 
crabs collected by the donor at Tor- 
tugas, Florida (88167). 

HISTORY, Boston, Mass. (through 
C. W. Johnson) : 2 flies and 14 
moths; 160 specimens of determined 
Coleoptera and 52 specimens of de- 



HI STORY— Continued, 
termined bees from Mount Desert, 
Me. (935G8, 94997). 

Straits Settlements : 84 specimens of 
ferns, mostly from the Malay Penin- 
sula (94260, exchange). 

Czechoslovakia : 100 specimens of 
plants (Century II, Flora Exsiccata 
Reipublicae Bohemicae Slovenicae) 
(97066, exchange). 

UNIVERSITY, Upsala, Sweden : 
290 plants from Brazil (Regnell col- 
lection) (97085, exchange). 

SEUM, Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: 2 
photographs and fragmentary speci- 
men of plant (92774) ; (through Dr. 
R. Pilger) fragmentary specimen 
and 2 photographs of a plant; plant 
and photograph of a plant (93932, 
94720) ; (through Dr. I. Urban) 2 
photographs of type specimens of 
plants from Cuba, (94261) ; 4 plants 
from the West Indies (95129) ; 100 
plants from Bolivia (95975). Ex- 

BOURN, W. S., Buzzard Bay, Munden, 
Va.: Hydroid (92539). 

BOVING, Dr. A. G. (See under E. 

BRABANT, Madame Maeius de 
(through Mrs. Henry Fairfield Os- 
born, Nevs' Yorlc City) : Oil painting 
by W. S. Horton show^ing General 
Pershing and the American troops 
traversing the Place de la Concorde 
on the occasion of the Victory Fete 
in Paris, July 14, 1919 (91078). 

BRADY, Maubice K., Washington, 
D. C. : 18 lizards, 4 snakes, and 1 
frog from Texas (95376). 

BRAMWELL, D., Jamaica, British 
West Indies: Approximately 1,000 
shells from Jamaica (93215). 

BRANDT, Lieut. Commander Geoege 
E., United States Navy, Washington, 
D. C, : 4 crabs, some brittle stars, 
and a shell collected by the donor 

BRANDT, Lieut. Commander Geobge 
E. — Continued, 
on the beach at Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba (92393) ; sea urchin from 
Salinas Bay, Nicaragua, and 12 
barnacles (96487). 
BRAUNTON, Eenest B., Los Angeles, 
CaUf. (through Dr. L. H. Bailey) : 
2 living plants (95154) ; 3 plants 
from California (95636, 96451). 
BREGUET, Loms, Paris, France: 4 
photographs of the " Breguet XIX " 
airplane which obtained the world's 
distance record without landing 
three times during the year 1926; 
also 3 copies of the Breguet Journal 
containing accounts of these flights 
BRENTZEL, Prof. W. E., Agricultural 
College, North Dakota : 6 plants 
from North Dakota (93231). 
BRIDGE, Prof. Josiah, Rolla, Mo. : 15 
small collections of invertebrate fos- 
sils from the Cambrian rocks of 
Missouri (93590). 
BRIMLEY, C, S., Raleigh, N. C. : 
Nematode worm belonging to an uu- 
identifled species (93228), 

(See also under North Carolina 
Department of Agriculture.) 
BRINKMAN, A. H., Craigmyle, Alber- 
ta, Canada : 348 plants from Can- 
ada (94969). 
England : 5 specimens representing 
paraty]>es of a bryozoan (94494) ; 
collection of invertebrate fossils 
from the Carboniferous of Great 
Britain (94579). 

British Museum {Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 
(Through Gilbert J. Arrow) 
paratype of a leaf beetle 
(92811) ; (through Dr. J. Water- 
ston) 6 specimens of hymenop- 
terous parasites, including para- 
types of 2 species, 142 specimens 
of determined bees, representing 
117 species, many of them new 
to the collection (93942, 96904, 
exchange) ; (through George T. 
Prior) slice weighing 88 grains 




of the meteoric stone which fell 
on January 19, 1865, at Supuhee, 
Padrauna, Gorakhpur district. 
United Provinces, India (94089, 
exchange) ; (through Maj. E. E. 
Austen) 15 flies representing 
10 species (94106) ; (through 
Ward's Natural Science Estab- 
lishment, Roche&,ter, N. Y.) a 
nearly complete individual of 
the meteorite of Hessle, Sweden 
(91481, exchange) ; (through L. 
R. Cox) casts of the holotypes 
of 7 species of fossil mollusks 
(94654, exchange) ; (through N. 
Burton) 3 fresh-water sponges 
(94911, exchange) ; 2 frogs from 
Tibet (95432, exchange). 
Cr€ological Survey of Great Britain, 
London, England: A series of 
rock specimens of the chalk of 
England (93025) ; series of rocks 
and minerals illustrating the 
geology of Mull (94770). 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Sur- 
rey, England : 9 fragmentary 
plants (93212, 95169) ; fern from 
Colombia (93936) ; (through T. 
A. Sprague) fragmentary plant 
(94100) ; 3 cactus seeds (95682) ; 
plant (95767) ; 16 ferns from 
the Hawaiian Islands (96247). 
BBITTON, Dr. N. L., New York City: 

Seeds of a plant from Porto Rico 

BROADWAY, W. E., Port of Spain, 

Trinidad, British West Indies: 18 

plants from Trinidad (93839, 97093). 
BROWN, Alfred W., Jr., Chevy Chase, 

D. C. : 96 specimens, 40 species, of 

marine shells from the island of 

Guam (95187). 
BROWN, Bolton, New York City: 50 

lithographs for special exhibition of 

his work from April 25 to May 21, 

1927 (96406, loan). 
BROWN, Edwaed J., Eustis, Fla. : 5 

bird skins from Eustis, Fla., and 3 

crabs from Salt Springs, Fla. (93250, 


(See also under B. M, Kinser.) 

BROWN, W. L., Washington, D. C. : 
Bird, yellow-bellied sapsucker, from 
Virginia, and skull of a moose and 
skeleton of a reindeer (94727, 

BRYAN, JuuAN C, Marshall Hall, 
Md. : Barn owl from Maryland 

BRYANT, Owen, BanfE, Alberta, Can- 
ada : 2 young toads from Bilby, 
Alberta, Canada (94990). 

Thomas McKean Meiere, Baltimore, 
Md., and Paul E. Johnson, Washing- 
ton, D. C.) : Miscellaneous collection 
of relics owned by the Roberdeau 
family (12 specimens) (97135). 

BUCHER, William F., Washington, 
D. C. : 2 photographs of cucumber 
trees in the grounds of the United 
States Capitol (94575) ; 7 small 
specimens of orange wood from 
Florida (95179). 

BUCKINGHAM, Mrs. B. H., Washing- 
ton, D. C. ( See under Miss Isabella 
C. Freeman.) 

BUEHLER, C. A., Knoxville, Tenn. : 
14 specimens of chemicals for the 
Loeb collection of chemical types 

BUENO, J, R: m la Tobre, White 
Plains, N. Y. : 5 bugs from Sumatra 
representing types of 3 species de- 
scribed by the donor (94502). 

BUHLIS, Richard, Imboden, Ark. : 60 
pearly fresh-water mussels from 
Randolph and Lawrence Counties, 
Ark. (94366). 

BUNKER, C. D. (See under Kansas, 
University of.) 

BURGESS, J. T., Washington, D. C. : 
United States cent struck in 1822 

BURGESS, Thornton W., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Flies and a spider 

BURKENROAD, Martin, New Or- 
leans, La. : Moth from Louisiana 

BURR, J. H. Ten Eyok, Casenovia, 
N. Y. : 2 specimens of the mineral 
holmquistite from Uto, Sweden 



BURT, Chaeles E., Manhattan, Kans. : 
22 amphibians and 2 reptiles from 
Kansas (93462, 96432). 

(See also under Kansas State 
Agricultural College.) 

BURTON, N. (See under British 
Government, British Museum (Nat- 
ural History).) 

BUSCK, August, Washington, D. C. : 
Six-lined race-runner lizard from 
Terra Cotta, Washington, D. C 

BUSH, B. F., Courtney, Mo.: 13 
plants from Missouri and Kansap 
(93239, 96281) ; plant (96491). 

BUSH, J. S., Aetna, Kans. : Small col- 
lection of fossil teeth and fragmen- 
tary bones from Oklahoma (96473). 

BUSH-BROWN, Henry K., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Portrait busts and 
statuettes by the donor (96784). 

BUSHNELL, Mrs. Belle, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : White linen towel with 
damask pattern, woven by hand, 
about 1825, by nuns in Italy 

BUSHNELL, D. I., Washington, D. C. : 
Fragmentary soapstone pots col- 
lected by the donor in Virginia 
(93471) ; piece of tuckahoe, or 
Indian bread, and 12 old iron tool;^ 
all from Virginia (93500, 94381) ; 513 
stone implements from various lo- 
calities (93521) ; chipped stone im- 
plements and stone and clay pipes 
collected by the donor in Todd 
County, Ky., and St. Louis County, 
Mo. (95521). 

(See also under H. N. Covell.) 

BUTLER, Capt. C. S., Bugado post 
office, Port au Prince, Haiti : 35 
fossil moUusks from Thomonde 
Mountain, Haiti (96923). 

BUTTS, Chaeles. (See under J. B. 

BUXTON, Dr. P. A. (See under Lon- 
don School of Hygiene and Tropical 
Medicine. ) 

CALDERON, Senor Dr. Salvador. 
( See under Salvador, Government of, 
Direccion General de Agricultura. ) 

ENCES, San Francisco, Calif.: 24 
plants (94492, exchange) ; 7 fossil 
crabs (94774) ; fly (95338) ; (through 
Mr. Charles L. Fox) 25 specimens 
of aculeate Hymneoptera, including 
paratypes of 4 species (96444, ex- 

(See also under Navy Department 
Washington, D. C). 

MENT STATION, Riverside, Calif, 
(through P. H. Timberlake) : 18 
specimens of parasitic Hymenoptera, 
being types of 3 si)ecies described by 
Kamal (94978). 

Berkeley, Calif. : 16 si)ecimens of 
fossil crab material (85578); 
(through Prof. N. L. Gardner) 2 
fragmentary specimens of plants 
(92619, exchange), 125 plants 
(94754, exchange), 144 photographs, 
chiefly representing type specimens 
of plants in European herbaria 
(95155, exchange) ; (through H. E. 
Parks) 106 specimens of ferns from 
Fiji and Tonga (93951) ; (through 
Prof. E. O. Essig) 4 specimens of 
larvae of flies, and 2 trapdoor spiders 
(9420?., 94222) ; 8 ferns from Tonga 
(94760, exchange) ; (through Harold 
Compere) 17 chalcid flies represent- 
ing 6 species, 4 of which are 
represented by paratypes (95674) ; 
(through Prof. P. B. Kennedy) 116 
plants from Sonora, Mexico (95879) ; 
(through W. B. Herms) approxi- 
mately 100 specimens of files from 
California (96642). 

CAMPBELL, Stewart, Boise, Idaho: 
Miscellaneous ore specimens from 
Blaine and Custer Counties, Idaho 

CAMPOS R., Prof. F., Guayaquil, 
Ecuador: 7 specimens of flies from 
South America (94124). 


Department of Agriculture, Ento- 
mological Branch, Ottawa, Can- 
ada (through C. Howard Cur- 
ran) ; 12 specimens of flies, rep- 




resenting 7 species, of which 6 
specimens are para types; 4 flies 
(93414, 94933, 95640, exchange) ; 
18 specimens of flies, represent- 
^ ing 7 species, 5 of which are rep- 
resented by paratypes (93917). 
CANFIELD, Feedekick A. (through 
Alfred Elmer Mills and Edward K. 
Mills, executors, Morristown, N. J.) : 
Collection of minerals, meteorites, 
photoplates of minerals and cata- 
logues of the collection (93625, be- 
CANU, Fbiedinand, Versailles, France : 
Approximately 100,000 specimens of 
Mesozoic and Cenozoic fossils from 
France (93034). 
WASHINGTON, Washington, D. C. : 
Photograph of Andrew Carnegie 
Coastal Laboratory, Carmel, Calif, 
(through Dr. D. T. MacDougal, 
Director) : 5 plants (92529, 
92558, 92780). 
Desert Botanical Laboratory, Tuc- 
son, Ariz. : 112 plants collected 
in Sonora by Dr. Forrest Shreve 
and Miss Frances Long (92487) ; 
2 photographs of cactus plants 
CARR, F. S., Medicine Hat, Alberta, 
Canada : 2 flies, 1 being the para- 
tyi)e of a new species (95S56). 
CARSON, Dr. C. M. (See under 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.) 
CARTWRIGHT, Oscar L., Oswego, 
S. C. : 22 beetles representing 5 spe- 
cies (95942). 
CARTY, A. B., Washington, D. C. : 
Copy of the Miami Daily News of 
July 26, 1925, comprising 504 pages 
and weighing 8 pounds (93591, 

(See also under Electro-Tint En- 
graving Co., Henning Sales 
Agency, and Zinc-Oid Printing 
Plate Corporation.) 
CASEY, Mrs. Laura Welsh, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : A Zulu assagai from 
South Africa, secured by the transit 
of Venus expedition under Prof. 
Simon Newcomb, and an egg cooker 

CASEY, Mrs. LAxmA Welsh— Contd. 
with alcohol lamp, from Philadel- 
phia, Pa., about 40 years old 

CAUM, Edwabd L., Honolulu, Hawaii : 
10 specimens of the Laysan rail 
(93209) ; 4 eggs of the Laysan rail, 
and 7 eggs (with fragments of 6 
others) of the blue- throated quail 

CHAMBERLAIN, Prof. Chables J., 
Chicago, 111. : Plant (95180) ; 3 
specimens and 2 photographs of 
plants (95523, exchange). 

(See also under Chicago, Univer- 
sity of.) 

LEA, Smithsonian Institution: Mis- 
cellaneous cut gems and gem min- 
erals (93272) ; tourmaline beads, 
pendants of aventurine quartz, and 
3 carved objects (93290) ; 4 bowls 
cut from serpentine (93386) ; cut 
gems and carved objects (19 speci- 
mens) (93387) ; 3 cut gems, beryl, 
phenacite, and tourmaline (93398) ; 
a small pink diamond (93427) ; mis- 
cellaneous cut stones and beads 
(93528) ; a series of rough and cut 
synthetic precious stones (98540) ; 
an agate tray (93596) ; natural 
crystal of spOdumene and a cut gem 
of spodumene (94211) ; 2 diamond 
crystals in the matrix from Brazil 
(95538) ; pendant of clouded aiaber 
(96079) ; yellow sapphire weighing 
25.28 carats (96282) ; 2 strings of 
beads of amber from the Baltic 
Sea, and 3 polished pieces of Sicilian 
amber (96304). 

CHAMBERLIN, T. S., Chicago, 111.: 
Copy of the March, 1927, issue of 
Medical Life, which contains histori- 
cal articles concerning the dis- 
coveries of Dr. Samuel Guthrie 

CHAMBERS, Bert C. (See under 
Aldus Printers (Inc.), The.) 

CHAMBERS, Mrs. C. L., Bethesda, 
Md. : China plate decorated with the 
flags of the nations allied with the 
United States during the World 
War (96776). 



CHAMPLAIN, A. B., Harrisburg, Pa. : 
68 specimens of miscellaneous deter- 
mined New Zealand beetles, repre- 
senting 29 species (92447) . 

(See also under Pennsylvania De- 
partment of Agriculture). 

CHAPIN, Dr. E. A., Washington, D. 
C. : 121 alcoholic lots and 398 slides 
of ectoparasites of the orders Mallo- 
phaga, Siphonaptera, Acarina, and 
pseudo-scorpions ( 93609 ) . 

CHAPMAN, Rev. John W., Anvik, 
Alaska : 25 photographs of natives 
of Alaska (93167). 

CHASE, Mrs. Agnes, "Washington, 
D. C. : 6 plants from Austria (93526) . 
(See also under Agriculture, De- 
partment of. Bureau of Plant 
Industry, and Deogracias V. 

CHASE, Dr. Will, Cordova, Alaska 
(through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : A com- 
plete skuU, apparently of an Es- 
kimo, found in a cave on an island 
in Prince William Sound, Alaska 

CHAUVENET, S. H., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Collection of tin ores and con- 
centrates from Franklin mines, 17 
miles north of El Paso, Tex 

CHAVES, Seiior Don Diocleciano, 
Managua, Nicaragua : 77 plants from 
Nicaragua (94086). 

CHIAO, C. Y. (See under Nanking, 
University of.) 

partment of Botany, Chicago, 111. 
(through Prof. Charles J. Chamber- 
lain) : 15 seeds of plants (96961, 

CHRISTENSON, Miss E. G., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Mounted canary 

CLARK, A. B. J., Washington, D. C. : 
A rare butterfly (92596). 

CLARiK, Austin H., Washington, 
D. C. : 2 rare butterflies (92794). 

CLARK, B. Pkeston, Boston, Mass. : 
Moth from Arizona (94988). 

CLARK, Dr. F. C, Santa Monica, 
Calif. : Approximately 390 speci- 
mens of fossil Crustacea from Cali- 
fornia (95944). 

CLARK, Mrs. Mabian Bbuce, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Porcelain copy of The 
Worcester Jug (95757). 

CLARK, Robert Steeling, New York 
City (through Arthur deC. Sower- 
by) : 10 mammals and 247 birds 
from China (93280). 

CLARKE, Miss Mildeed H., Chevy 
Chase, D. C. : A wrap of the latter 
part of the nineteenth century 

CLAUDE JOSEPH, Rev. Brother, 
Tamuco, Chile : 768 plants from Chile 
(93918, 94263, 95658). 

CLAY, Dr. T. S., Savannah, Ga. 
(through Capt. James J, Pirtle, 
United States Army) : Fish (92634). 

CLEMENT, Rev. Brother, Santiago de 
Cuba: 47 ferns from Cuba (97094). 

CLEMENTS, J. Morgan, Papeete, So- 
ciety Islands : A fruit-bat from Man- 
gaia Island, Cook Islands, and a 
collection of insects, shells, and a 
lizard (92810). 

LEGE, Clemson College, S. C. 
(through John O. Pepper) : 5 flies 
from South Carolina (93584, 95167, 
95890) ; 2 wasps, the type and para- 
type of a new species (95379). 

CIETY, Cleveland, Ohio: 127 picto- 
rial photographs for special exhibi- 
tion from June 15 to July 31, 1927 
(94788, loan). 

CLINTON, H. G., Manhattan, Nev. : 
Collection of gold ores from the 
Lother Lode, California, and miscel- 
laneous mineral specimens (94353) ; 
minerals and fossils from the so- 
called " Petrified Forest " west of 
Fish Lake Valley, Esmeralda County, 
Nev. (94554) ; 4 specimens of realgar 
and orpiment (95642). 

COBLENTZ, W. W., Washington, D. C. : 
A small collection of insects (30 
specimens) from Sumatra (92815). 

COCHRAN, Miss Doris M., Washing- 
ton, D. C: 12 fishes (95517). 

COCKERELL, Prof. T. D, A., Boulder, 
Col. : 40 specimens of bees repre- 
senting types of 40 species (93379) ; 
192 insects, including holotypes of 
38 species of bees, paratype of 1 bee. 



COCKERELL, Prof. T. D. A.— Contd. 
paratype of 1 moth, and holotype of a 
fly (93519) ; young toad from Colo- 
rado (93594) ; 23 insects, including 
holotypes of 18 species of bees, a 
coccid, and a dipteron (93943) ; 
26 insects, including types of 19 
species of bees (94207, exchange) ; 
125 specimens of miscellaneous in- 
sects, including 5 specimens of de- 
termined bees (94558) ; 88 insects, 
including types of 33 species, mostly 
bees (95136) ; 182 specimens of bees 
of the subfamily Halictinae, includ- 
ing 2 determined species (95532) ; 
31 insects, including 16 specimens of 
named bees, representing 15 species, 
one of which is represented by a 
paratype (95979) ; 76 unidentified 
specimens of miscellaneous Hymen- 
optera (96267) ; 81 miscellaneous in- 
sects, including 7 named species, 5 
of which are represented by type 
material (96450) ; 213 miscellaneous 
insects, consisting of determined, 
undetermined, and unmounted mate- 
rial, including 9 types of determined 
bees, representing 8 species (96934) ; 
141 miscellaneous, undetermined 
(mounted and unmounted) insects; 
also 5 slugs (97064). 

(See also under Elven C. Nelson.) 

CODY, M. D., Gainesville, Fla. : Plant 
from Florida (96621). 

COFFIN, C. A., New York City 
(through Dr. C. D. Walcott) : Por- 
trait by Miss Rebecca Smith of the 
Tewa Indian "Big John" (Pho qui 
tah) from the pueblo of San Juan, 
N. Mex. (94369). 

COFFROTH, James W., San Diego, 
Calif. : Book entitled "An Apprecia- 
tion of James Wood Coffroth " by 
Edward F. O'Day, printed by John 
Henry Nash in 1926 (93957). 

COKER, Dr. R. E., Chapel Hill, N. C. : 
Plankton material from Lake James, 
N. C. (96634). 

COLEGIO BIFFI, Barranquilla, Co- 
lombia (through Rev. Brother 
Rafael, Director) : 53 plants col- 
lected in Colombia (96488) ; 27 
plants (96971). 

COLLINS, Prof. J. Franklin, Provi- 
dence, R. I. : 13 specimens of grasses 
from New England (93597). 

COLLOM, Mrs. W. B., Payson, Ariz. : 
4 plants from Arizona (92426) ; 4 
plants (95386, 95869). 
COLOMBO MUSEUM, Colombo, Cey- 
lon : 34 bird skins from Ceylon 
(89150, exchange). 
Bureau of Fisheries: 300 sea 
urchins of the family Cidaridae 
identified by Dr. Th. Mortensen 
of the Zoological Museum, Cop- 
enhagen, Denmark (85969) ; 76 
bottles of plankton taken on the 
Albatross-Philippine Expedition, 
1907-1910 (93189) ; 66 lots of 
Euphausiacea and Mysidacea 
from the Western Atlantic col- 
lected by the steamer Bache in 
1914, also 4 plankton samples 
taken by the Bache in 1914 
(93288, 94065) ; 214 bottles of 
plankton taken by the schooner 
Grampus cruises of 1912-1913 
(93405) : 3 specimens of White- 
fishes, types of subspecies 
(95555) ; collection of insects, 
shells, sand dollars, bird nest 
and eggs, crinoids, and miscel- 
laneous specimens (alcoholic) 
collected by G. Dallas Hanna on 
St. George Island, Alaska 
(95735) ; 331 fishes and 2 
turtles (96615) ; 3 type speci- 
mens of fishes from Greenwood, 
Miss. (96795) ; type specimen 
of a fish collected at Crisfield, 
Md., September 15, 1921, by 
William C. Schroeder (96873). 
Bureau of Mines. (See under 

Frank Sansom.) 
Bureau of Standards: The first 

Liberty engine (94179), 
Patent Office: A collection of 
original models of patented in- 
ventions (89797) ; 14 models of 
torches, lamps, whaling imple- 
ments, and musical instru- 
ments (94380). 
AGUILA" S. A., Vera Cruz, Mexico 
(through Dr. O. P. Hay) : Fragmen- 
tary lower jaws with incomplete 
teeth of a mastodon from 5 miles 
northwest of Macuspana, Tobasco, 
Mexico (94090). 



COMPERE, Hakold. ( See under Cali- 
fornia, University of.) ' 

CONARD Prof. Henry S. (See under 
Grinnell College.) 

CONVERSE, A. W., Palmer, Mass.: 
Maori wood carving of a superna- 
tural being (94972). 

CONZATTI, Prof. C, Oaxaca, Mexico : 
30 plants from Mexico (95364). 

COOK, Dr. E. Fullekton. ( See under 
United States Pharmacopoeial Con- 
vention, The.) 

COOK, Miss Fannte A., Crystal 
Springs, Miss. : 2 specimens of the 
painted bunting from Louisiana 

COOK, Prof. O. F. (See under Agri- 
culture, Department of, Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

COOLIDGE, Mrs. Calvin, The White 
House, Washington, D. C. : White 
satin brocade evening gown with ac- 
cessories and a fraternity pin worn 
by Mrs. Grace Goodhue Coolidge 
during the administration of her 
husband. President Calvin Coolidge, 
1924 (93081). 

CORDRAY, James M., Harrington, 
Del. : Stone ax found on the Cordray 
farm near Harrington, Del., about 
250 years ago (97110). 

N. Y. (through Prof. Robert Mathe- 
son) : Fly collected at Carey, Idaho 

CORNWELL, Ralph T. K., Ithaca. 
N. Y. : 4 spec mens of chemicals for 
the Loeb Collection of Chemical 
Types (976.31). 

COSINE, Miss Frances M., SufCern, 
N. Y. : 40 surgical appliances and 
instruments owned prior to 1871 by 
Dr. Enoch T. Winter, grandfather 
of the donor (95819). 

COVELL, H. N., Schuyler, Va. 
(through D. I. Bushnell) : 2 large 
fragments of soapstone pots from 
Virginia (94709). 

COVILLE, Dr. Frederjck V., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 20 plants (hepatics) 
from central New York (94735). 
(See also under Agriculture, De- 
partment of, Bureau of Plant 

COX, L. R. (See under British Gov- 
ernment, British Museum (Natural 

CRANE, Mrs. J. C, University, Miss.: 
36 paper dolls in colors depicting 
the natives of Korea (96796). 

CRAWFORD, J. C, Raleigh, N. C: 

7 specimens of determined bees, 

types of 4 species (95557, exchange). 

(See also under North Carolina 

Department of Agriculture.) 

CRIMMINS, John, Vallejo, Calif.: 
Fossil leaf in diatomaceous earth 
from near Knights Ferry, Stanislaus 
County, Calif. (94950). 

CROFFUT, Mrs. W. A., Washington, 
D. C. : Woven bag from the Nahuatl 
Indians of N. Mex., aud ^ small 
purses of Mexican make collected 
in Mexico in 1848 by Gen. PJthan 
Allen Hitchcock (93586). 

CROMPTON, George, Worcester, 
Mass. : Original patent model of the 
first power loom for weaving fancy 
figured fabrics, invented by William 
Grompton, gi'andfather of the donor, 
United States Patent No. 491, issued 
November 25, 1837 (96804). 

CURRAN, C. Howard. (See under 
Canadian Government, Department 
of Agriculture, Entomological 

CZERNY, AuT Leander, Kremsmun- 
ster, Oberoesterreich, Austria : Col- 
lection of identified flies, comprising 
120 specimens, 55 species, including 

4 cotypes of 2 species (92793, ex- 

DADANT, C. P. & Sons. (See under 
A. I. Root Co.) 

DALL, Dr. W. H., Washington, D. C. : 

Package of "Ao-nori " green algae 

prepared for food, from Japan 


(See also under Mrs. W. H. Esh- 


DAMPF, Alf, Mexico, Mexico : 30 spec- 
imens of flies (93260). 

ko, Greenland: 481 plants (92781, 
97134). Exchange. 

DARLINGTON, P. J., Boston, Mass.: 

5 specimens, paratypes of 4 new 
species of beetles (96396, exchange). 



DAVIDSON, Dr. A,, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: 3 plants (93236, 93416). 

DAVIS, Arthur G., London, England : 
Approximately 2,000 specimens of 
Cretaceous and Tertiary fossils 
from England (94220). 

DAVIS, Prof. Beadley M., Ann Arbor, 
Mich. : 5 plants from Jamaica 

DAVIS, Eael J., Detroit, Mich.: 
Fragments of pottery from Michi- 
gan (92607). 

DAVIS, Frank C, Glendale, Calif.: 
3 plants (94248, exchange). 

DAVIS, Prof. J. J. (See under Pur- 
due University.) 

DAVIS, Miss Maegtterite, Princeton, 
Mass. : Electrotype of a child's arm 
made in 1847 by Daniel Davis of 
Boston; 2 leaves of a japonica, one 
whole with leaf inside, and the other 
open showing the leaf inside ; stem 
of the japonica flower, and a copy 
of a daguerreotype of Daniel Davis 
talien about 1845 (92493). 

DAVY, Dr. J. Buett. ( See under Im- 
perial Forestry Institute.) 

DEAN, F. A. W., Alliance, Ohio: 4 
starfishes from western Australia, 
and 23 specimens, 16 species of 
shells from Curasao (94598, 95194). 

DEANE, RuTHVEN, Chicago, 111. : A 
small photograph of S. B. Meek 

DEANE, Walter, Cambridge, Mass. 
(through C. A. Weatherby) : 140 
plants collected in the eastern 
United States by J. E. Churchill 

DEGENER, Otto, Honolulu, Hawaii: 
15 plants from the Hawaiian Is- 
lands (95631). 

DEINARD, E., New York City: 8 ob- 
jects of Jewish religious art and 15 
coins; collection of Jewish religious 
ceremonial objects (93631, 94763, 
95111). Loan. 

DELAOOUR, Jean, Seine Inferieure, 
France: Skin of a bird (93213, ex- 

DEWEY, L. H. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of. Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

COS, Montevideo (Prado), Uruguay 
(through Luis Guillot) : 6 specimens 
of cacti (96627, exchange). 

Utah (through A. M. Woodbury) : 
10 specimens of flies (94569, 96083). 

DODD, A. P., Sherwood, Brisbane, 
Australia: 27 specimens of para- 
sitic Hymenoptera, representing 24 
species, from Australia (94753, ex- 

DOZIER, H. L., Newark, Del.: 15 
specimens of Homoptera, types of 9 
species described b.v the donor 

DRAKE, Dr. Cael J., Ames, Iowa : 21 
specimens of Hemiptera, including a 
para type of 1 species (93929). 

DRURY, Miss Edith, Concord, N. H. 
(through Benjamin Walworth Ar- 
nold) : A four-rayed sand-dollar 

Dubois, Geoege B., Washington, 
D. C. : Man's coat, 2 pairs of men's 
leggings, and one girl's legging, all 
of deer skins, collected by Capt. 
Richard C. DuBois, United States 
Army, near Yuma, Ariz., from 1870- 
1874 (96415). 

DUNBAR, Dr. Carl O. (See under 
Yale University, Peabody Museum of 
Natural ^istory.) 

DURY, Chables, Cincinnati, Ohio: 7 
beetles (92836). 

DUVAL, Hugh H., Bastrop, Tex.: 3 
plants (93533). 

DYAR, Dr. Haerison G.,. Washington, 
D. C. : 750 specimens of two-winged 
flies from the Northwest (96268) ; 
5,964 specimens of mosquitoes col-' 
lected by the donor in Glacier Na- 
tional Park (96412) ; 735 specimens 
of flies, all collected by the donor 
from Glacier National Park (96935). 
(See also under Nathan Banks, 
and Dr. M. Nunez-Tovar.) 

DYKE, A. L., St. Louis, Mo.: Early 
type of float-feed carburetor (87038). 

EARLE, Charles T., Bradenton, Fla. : 
Ring-necked snake, 2 snakes and a 
lizard from Florida (96806, 96893). 

EAST, C. S. (See under E. D. Reid.) 



EDWARDS, H. T., Washington, D. C. : 
3 specimens, 2 species, of land shells 
from hills near Guara, in the vicinity 
of Nipe Bay, Cuba (92475). 

EGBERTS, W. H., Washington, D. 0. : 
Skull of a white man (96092, ex- 

EIOHORN, Alvin S., Cleveland, Ohio : 
2 shrimps (96251). 

EIMER & AMEND, New York City: 
Specimen of phenolsulphonphthalei- 
num, a medicinal substance made 
official in the United States Pharma- 
copeia X (93232). 

Philadelphia, Pa. (through A. B. 
Carty, Washington, D. C.) : 4 large 
specimens of four color halftones 

ENDO, RiNJi, Fu-Shun Middle School, 
Manchuria, China : Approximatelly 
200 specimens of invertebrate fossils 
from Manchuria (92413). 

EPLING, Cabl, Los Angeles, Calif.: 
13 ferns from Idaho (95183, 96284). 

(INC.), N., New York City: 14 
specimens of cotton dress goods fast 
to sun and washing (93377). 

ERNST, Mrs. Haeow) C, Jamaica 
Plain, Mass. : An old Japanese clock, 
with movable hours ; Japanese level- 
ing apparatus with movable Japa- 
nese hours, and an old Japanese 
wall clock, descending weight, indi- 
cating Japanese hours, collected by 
Prof. Harold 0. Ernst (94370). 

ESHNAUR, Mrs. W. H., Bellflower, 
Calif . (through Dr. W. H. Dall) : 
5 specimens, 2 species, of land and 
fresh-water shells and 8 specimens 
of Insects from Bellflower, Calif. 

ESPANOPOULOS, Michael J., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 2 pottery lamps found 
near the Acropolis, Athens, Greece 

ESPOSITO, Louis, Jr., Brooklyn, 
N. Y. : 3 dry sponges collected at 
Jupiter Beach, Jupiter, Fla. (95700). 

ESSIG, Prof. E. O. (See under Cali- 
fornia, University of.) 

Mexico (through Prof. Ferd. Maw- 
cinitt) : 7 specimens of insects from 
the vicinity of Vera Cruz (94054). 

ETHERIDGE, Isaac, Virginia Beach, 
Va. : Snowy owl from Virginia 

EVANS, Mrs. Ada, St. Michaels, 
Alaska (through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : 
5 photographs of natives and scenes 
in Alaska (92868). 

EVANS, A. H., Cambridge, England: 
4 eggs of 3 species of petrels from 
the Kermadec Islands and New Zea- 
land (96394, exchange). 

EVANS, Miss A. M., Liverpool, Eng- 
land: 3 specimens of mosquitoes 
(93145, exchange). 

EVANS, H. W., Washington, D. C. : 
3 mounted fish skins (94536). 

EVANS, VicTOB J., Washington, D. C. : 
3 birds, 2 of them silver-beaked 
tanagers, and the other a golden 
white-cheeked plantain eater 
(92421); barred upland goose 
(92627) ; skeleton of a crowned pi- 
geon (93294) ; N i c o b a r pigeon 
(93947) ; dorcas gazelle (94073) ; 

, black-necked stork (95626). 

Washington, D. C. : Bald eagle about 
3 years old, from Occoquan, Va. 

EWING, Dr. H. E., Washington, D, C. : 
Frog and snake from Texas, and a 
lizard from Arizona (96916). 

EYERDAM, Walter J., Seattle, 
Wash.: 75 mollusks from Illinois 
and Washington, and 68 marine 
shells from Washington (95389). 

FAIRCHILD, Graham, Washington, 
D. C. : Approximately 100 specimens 
of land mollusks from Morocco ; 
also insects from Morocco and other 
localities (96009). 

FANKHAUSER, Miss Rose E., Utica, 
N. Y. (through Miss L. C. Foucher) : 
Battak manuscript written on palm 
spathe, collected by the donor in 
Sumatra, Dutch East Indies 



FARMAN, Hbnbi and Matjeice, Billan- 
court (Seine), France: 14 photo- 
graphs of Farman airplanes which 
have established various world rec- 
ords, also a printed booklet of 
descriptive matter about the planes 
and a typewritten list of records and 
prizes for Farman motors and air- ' 
planes (95660). 

FAUNTLEROY, Col. P. C, United 
States Army, Washington, D. 0. : 8 
stone implements from two sites in 
King George County, Va. : (94560). 

FAZ, Alfredo, Santiago, Chile: Collec- 
tion of Diptera (57. specimens), and 
8 plants (92816, 95764). 

FELIPPONE, Dr. Floeentino, Mon- 
tevideo, Uruguay : 32 butterflies ; 11 
shells from Brazil and Uruguay, and 
17 species of marine and land shells 
from Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina 
(92492, 93254, 95368). 

FEJjT, Dr. E. P. (See under New 
York State Museum.) 

FENNER, Dr. C. N., Washington, 
D. C. : A partly articulated reptilian 
fossil from Clifton, Passaic County, 
N.J. (95892). 

FERRIS, Jean Leon Gerome, Phildel- 
phia, Pa.: 63 copper plates etched 
by Stephen J. Ferris; also 2,241 
prints, etchings, engravings, mezzo- 
tints, lithographs, etc. (94830). 

FERRIS, Mrs, Roxana S. (See under 
Stanford University, Stanford Uni- 
versity, Calif.) 

HISTORY, Chicago, 111.: Photo- 
graph of a plant (96289, exchange) ; 
(through Dr. S. F. Blake) 9 plants 
from Peru (96630, exchange). 

FISHER, A. G., Valona, Ga. : Skull of 
a porpoise from Wolf Island beach 

FISHER, Geobge L,, Houston, Tex.: 
34 plants from South Africa 
(92782) ; 277 plants from Mexico 
and Texas (93523, 93588). 

FLAGG, Mrs. Grace L., Takoma, D. 
C. : Plant from Virginia (92430) ; 
young migrant shrike (92449). 

FLEISHER, INC., S. B. & B. W;, 
Philadelphia, Pa.: 21 balls of 
worsted ytirn and 10 finished articles 
crocheted or knitted therefrom, and 
a series of 9 specimens showing the 
making of a hooked rug (96758). 

FLETCHER, Miss Lillian M., Los 
Angeles, Calif, (through Stanley M. 
Baltzly) : A Fletchertype print and 
14 Fletchertype paper negatives 
made by Abel Fletcher, father of 
the donor, about 1845, at Massillon, 
Ohio (96129). 

FOERSTE, Dr. A. F., Dayton, Ohio: 
12 specimens of Cambrian fossils 
from east of the Hudson River at 
Troy, N. Y. (94110). 

FOLSOM, Dr. J. W., Tallulah, La.: 
Plant from Mississippi (93241) ; 131 
specimens of insects of the subclass 
Apterygota (95941). 

FOSHAG, Dr. W. F., Washington, 
D. C. : 2 described specimens of the 
mineral okenite from Crestmore, ■ 
Calif. (96909). 

FOSTER, John G., Atlanta, Ga.: 2 
insects (termites) (92415). 

FOUCHER, Miss L. C. (See under 
Miss Rose E. Frankhauser.) 

FOWLER, Dr. Henry W. . ( See un- 
der Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, Pa.) 

FOX, Dr. Carroll. (See under 
Treasury Department, Public Health 

FOX, Charles L. (See under Cali- 
fornia Academy of Sciences.) 

FRACHON, Jean, Ardeche, Finance: 
Volume entitled " Joseph et Etienne 
de Montgolfier," a fine example of 
paper making, printing, and book 
illustrating (93420). 

FRAZER, Mrs. James C. (See under 
National Society of Colonial Dames 
of America.) 

FREEMAN, Miss Isabella C, and 
Mrs. B. H. Buckingham, Washing- 
ton, D. ,C. : 20 ethnological speci- 
mens, 15 pieces of lace, 26 silk scarfs, 
and a small collection of historical 
specimens (96010). 



FREEMAN, Malcolm, Washington, 
D. C. : King rail from Washington, 
D. C. (96470). 

FREEMAN, O. M., Washington, D. C. : 
Plant from Virginia (93570). 

(See also under Agriculture, De- 
partment of, Bureau of Plant 
Industry. ) 

under Peking, China.) 

FRENCH, H. E., Columbia, Mo.: 59 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (95223). 

FRIO, A. v., Prague, Czechoslovakia : 
3 photographs of plants (94552) ; 4 
plants (96403). 

FRICK, Childs, New York City. 
(See under American Museum of 
Natural History, New York City.) 

FRIEDMAN, E. G., Brownsville, Tex. : 
2 specimens of insects from Texas 
and Mexico (93271). 

FRIERSON, L. S., Gayle, La.: Turtle 
from Louisiana (91714). 

PRISON, Dr. T. H. (See under 
Illinois State Natural History Sur- 
vey Division, Urbana, 111.) 

FROST, S. W.. Arendtsville, Pa.: 5 
flies, types of 3 species (96845). 

PUS CO, Salvatore, Baltimore, Md. 
(through Salvatore Scalco, Wash- 
ington, D. C.) : Highly ornamented 
bridle used in the old horse races in 
Palermo, Sicily (96276). 

GAHAN, A. B. (See under S. No- 
wicky. ) 

GALE, HoTT S. (See under William 
M. Balling.) 

GANDER, Frank F., San Diego, 
Calif. : 6 specimens of crayfish, juve- 
nile, hatched in an aquarium from 
specimens taken from a pool in the 
Escondido River, near Escondido, 
Calif. (93197). 

GANGE, Louis de, Port-of-Spain, Trin- 
idad, British West Indies : A small 
collection of feather mites (2 slides) 
from Trinidad (94755). 

GARBER, Mrs. Margaret R., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : A print of Lowe's 
Civil War balloon, illustrating the 
first use of aircraft in warfare by 
the United States (94365). 

69199—27 11 

GARBER, Paul E., Washington, D. 
C. : Small specimen of degame lance- 
wood (93296). 

GARDNER, Dr. Julia, Washington, 
D. C. : 25 specimens, 4 species, of 
fresh-water shells from Texas 

GARDNER, Prof. N. L. (See under 
California, University of Depart- 
ment of Botany.) 

GATES, Rev. Sebastian, Grenada, 
British West Indies: 6 insects 
(931S2) ; parasitic isopod from Car- 
riacon, British West Indies (93423). 

GAVIN, James and Chester, Jr., Fort 
Gaines, Ga. : Bannerstone or amulet 
from near Fort Gaines (96783). 

GEE, Dr. N. Gist, Peking, China: 45 
specimens of miscellaneous insects 
from China (88849). 

GEISER, Prof. S. W., Dallas, Tex. : 46 
insects and 7 isopods (92828, 96649). 

GEIST, Otto W., Fairbanks, Alaska: 
Collection of plants from St. Michaels 
Island and the vicinity of Nome, 
Alaska (93919). 

SURVEY, Atlanta, Ga. (through S. 
W. McCallie, State Geologist) : 
Fragment of Social Circle meteor- 
ite, Georgia (94213). 

€1ERRARD, E. B., Hill, N. Mex. : Por- 

I tion of the skull of an adult male 
Indian (94992). 

GIBSON, Miss .Mary, Washington, 
D. C: Young starling (96791). 

GILL, Mrs. George B. (See under 
Thomas Tapscott Gill.) 

GILL, Thomas Tapscott (through 
Mrs. George B. Gill, Little Rock, 
Ark.) : Miniature plaster bust of 
Grover Cleveland, designed by A. 
Pedro Flaquepagne, of Mexico, in 
1892 (96326). 

GILLESPIE, John W., Stanford Uni- 
versity, Calif. : 30 plants from Pan- 
ama (92484). 

OILMAN, M. French, Banning, Calif. : 
7 plants (95348, 96789) ; 26 plants 
from Arizona (95546, 96095) ; 5 ferns 
(96441) ; 2 plants from California 



GIRTY, George H., Wasliington, D. 
C. : Approximately 2,000 marine 
shells from Barbados (92405). 

GLAFCKE, L. B., Soldier Summit, 
Utah (through Victor C. Heikes) : 
5 specimens of refined natural wax 
made from ozokerite (96901). 

GLASGOW, Hugh. (See under New 
York State Agricultural Experiment 

GLENN, L. C, Nashville, Tenn. : 10 
pieces of clay containing 2 species 
of fresh-water fossil mollusks from 
Kentucky (96928). 

GLUCK, Prof. Dr. Hugh, Heidelberg, 
Germany: 75 specimens of plants 
from Europe (96222, exchange). 

GOLDMAN, Marcus L, Washington, 
D. C. : 5 geologic specimens col- 
lected in Europe (93841). 

GONGGRIJP, J. R. C, Clevia Estate, 
Dutch Guiana: 2 species of isopods, 
and 17 specimens of sliipwonns from 
Surinam River and a sample of 
Alata wood attacked by shipworms 

GOODMAN, Henry J., Sarasota, Fla. : 
2 plants (96007). 

COMPANY, THE, Akron, Oliio 
(through Dr. 0. M. Carson) : 16 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
Collection of Chemical types 

GORGAS, Mrs. William C, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Collection of personal 
relics, medals, and badges of the 
late Maj. Gen. William Crawford 
Gorgas, United States Army 
(92641) ; collection of military uni- 
forms, commissions, diplomas, etc., 
of Maj. Gen. W. C. Gorgas, Sur- 
geon-General of the United States 
Army during the World War 
(92817). Loan. 

GOSSWEILER, J., Loanda, Angola, 
Portuguese East Africa : 107 speci- 
mens of plants from Africa (95900). 

GRAGG, Mrs. Hazzaed, San Luis 
Obispo, Calif. : Fern from California 

GRAHAM, Rev. David C, Suifu, 
China: 275 insects, 2 eels, a fossil 
crab, 8 quartz crystals, 22 snakes, 
16 frogs, 6 lizards, 13 salamanders, 
21 tadpoles, 16 birds, 6 mammal 
skulls and skins, 24 invertebrates 
and approximately 100 mollusks 
(91536) ; reptiles, mammal skins and 
bones, and 7 bird skins (96448). 

GRAHAM, Mrs. Henry, Aragon, N. 
Mex. (through Rhea Kuykendall). 
Complete male skull from Catron 
County, N. Mex. (93621). 

GRANT, J. M., Marysville, Wash. : 16 
plants, chiefly grasses (93143). 

GREENE, C. T. (See under George 
M. Greene.) 

GREENE, Frank C, Tulsa, Okla. : 2 
plants from Oklahoma, and 2 photo- 
graphs (92966) ; fern from Okla- 
homa (94532), 

GREENE, George M., Harrisburg, Pa. 
(through O. T. Greene) : 200 beetles 
from Germany, Japan, and the 
United States (94095). 

GREENMAN, Dr. J. M. (See under 
Wistar Institute of Anatomy and 

GRESS, Edmund G. (See under 
American Printer.) 

GRIMMEL, H. C, Baltimore, Md. : A 
Wheeler & Wilcox sewing machine 
used for over 55 years by Mrs. 
Henry Grimmel, mother of the 
donor (93715). 

GRIM SHAW, P. H. (See under 
Royal Scottish Museum, The.) 

of Botany, Grinnell, Iowa (through 
Prof. H. C. Conard) : 81 plants, 
chiefly from Europe (94740, 95751). 

GRISOL, Mayeul (through Dr. H. 
Pittier, Caracas, Venezuela) : 38 
Venezuelan plants (90718). 

GROUT, Dr. A. J., New Brighton, 
N. Y. : 12 specimens of North Amer- 
ican Musci Pleurocarpa (95101, ex- 


Direcci6n General de Agricultura, 

Guatemala City, Guatemala, 

Central America (through Sr. 

Don Jorge Garcia Salas, Director 



Direcddn Oeneral de Agricultura — 
General) : 15 insects from Gua- 
temala (92873, 96965) ; 2 speci- 
mens of moth larvae in coffee 
stems (93457) ; 113 plants from 
Guatemala (94209, 95130, 95891, 
96865) ; seeds of a plant 
(94723) ; 34 plants and 2 wood 
specimens from Guatemala 
GUILLOT, Luis. (See under Direc- 
cion de Paseos Publicos, Monteyideo 
(Prado), Uruguay.) 
GUNNELL, L. C, Washington, D. C. : 
Weasel from Alexandria, Va. 
GUTHRIE, Prof. J. E. (See under 

Iowa State College.) 
GUYTON, T. L. (See under Pennsyl- 
vania Department of Agriculture.) 
HALL, David G. (See under Arkan- 
sas, University of.) 
HALL, Eugene, Washington, D. C. : 
A United States naval flag of the 
latter part of the nineteenth century 
HALL, Feed H., Austin, Tex.: 20 

plants (96960). 
HALLO CK, Harold C. (See under 

Dr. H. C. Huckett.) 
HALSEY, William S., New York 
City : Bronze club head and 6 pieces 
of jewelry from Cerro del Pasco, 
Peru, and a shell and gold nugget 
from the region of Lake Titicaca, 
Peru (96414). 
HARDER, E. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 
(through D. F. Hewett, Washington, 
D. C.) : Stone ax from northern 
Brazil (96797). 
HARDING, H. T., Walla Walla, 
Wash. : 7 household articles of the 
American Indian and Eskimo 
(92592, exchange). 
HARDWICK, HuBEBT, Livingstone, 
Northern Rhodesia (through State 
Department) : Female negro skull 
and some bones from the same skele- 
ton (97070). 

HARLTON, Bbuce H., Tulsa, Okla. : 
21 slides of ostracods and 28 slides 
of foraminifera from the Pennsyl- 
vania Glenn formation of southern 
Oklahoma, representing types of 
species (96292). 

HARNED, R. W., A. and M. College, 
Miss, (through Bureau of Entomol- 
ogy, United States Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.) : 
11 slugs from Pike County, Miss. 
(95748) ; 4 slugs (96016). 

HARPER, Gordon, Port of Spain, Trin- 
idad, British West Indies: 2 land 
shells from Belle Eau Road, Bel- 
mont, Port of Spain, Trinidad 
(92476) ; approximately 25 shells 
from Trinidad (98154). 

HARPER, Mrs. Ida Husted, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Desk chair owned and 
used by Susan B. Anthony, 1863- 
1906 (93069). 

HARPER, Dr. R. M., Tallahassee, 
Fla. : 26 plants from Florida (92580, 

HARRIS, Prof. B. B. (See under 
North Texas State Teachers Col- 

HARRIS, Mrs. Eugene A., San An- 
tonio, Tex.: Plant (96008). 

HARRISON, Joseph, Jamaica, British 
West Indies : Approximately 200 
shells from the West Indies (92554). 

HARSHBARGER, Dr. John W. (See 
under Pennsylvania, University of.) 

HART, George, O., Coytesville, N. J.: 
29 prints, being the work of the 
donor (92987.) 

bridge, Mass. : 
Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Mass. : 92 specimens of ferns col- 
lected by E. J. Palmer (94533). 
Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. : 

2 plants (96401). 
Cryptogamic Herbarium and Lab- 
oratories (through Prof. Roland 
Thaxter) : 106 specimens of 
algae from Florida (96076, ex- 
change) . 




Gi'ay Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Mass. (through Dr. I. M. John- 
ston) : 4 fragmentary speci- 
mens of plants (93948) ; 12 
plants from Honduras (95632) ; 
10 specimens of Chilean ferns 
and 3 photographs of ferns 
(96290); 268 plants (96801). 
Museum, of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Mass. : Turtle (co- 
type) (92872, exchange) ; toad 
from Mina Carlota, near Cien- 
fuegos, Cuba, collected by E. R. 
Dunn in 1925 (92891) ; frog 
(94566) ; 4 bird skins from the 
West Indies, representing species 
new to the National Museum 
(94646, exchange). 
HAUGHT, OscAB, Negritos, Peru: 72 
plants from Peru (93293, 95349, 
95903, 95650, 96397, 96846, 96976. 
Hawaii : 14 South American flies 
HAWSON, Henry, Fresno, Calif.: 2 
photographs of a beaked whale from 
Santa Cruz, Calif. (94583). 
HAY, Dr. O. P. (See under Compauia 

de Petroleo "El Aguila " S. A.) 
HAYNES, Miss Caroline C, Palm 
Springs, Calif. : 3 plants from Cali- 
fornia (94764, 95876). 
HAYS, Dr. H. H., Cleves, Ohio 
(through Dr. John Uri Lloyd) : A 
pocket case of " divided medicines," 
a micrometer, and a photograph of 
Doctor King for addition to the ex- 
hibit illustrating the eclectic school 
of medicine (94521). 
ing, W. Va. : 92 pint jars of canned 
foods put up by members of 4-H 
Canning Clubs under auspices of 
the office of cooperative extension 
work. United States Department of 
Agriculture (97132). 
HEIKES, Victor 0. (See under L. B. 
Glafcke, and West Toledo Mining 

HEITMULLER, Anton. (See under 
Miss Isobel H. Lenman.) 

HEJBAL, Joza, Coney Island, N. Y. : 
A reconstruction of the skull of 
pithecanthropus (95399). 

HELLER, A. A., Chico, Calif.: 30 
plants (95006). 

HENDERSON, John, Seattle, Wash.: 
A nearly complete tusk and a por- 
tion of another of a fossil elephant 
from Alaska (93921). 

O., Chicago, 111. (through Alton B. 
Carty, Washington, D. C.) : 5 speci- 
mens of nickel-steel stereotyping, 
a lead mold for electrotyping and 
4 specimens of Elgin Made-Ready 
Electrotype Plate (95628). 

HBRMS, Prof. W. B. (See under 
California, University of.) 

HERRERA, Dr. A. L. (See under 
Mexico, Government of, Direccion de 
Estudios Biologicos.) 

HERRERA, Prof. Foetunato L., 
Cuzco, Peru: 379 plants and ferns 
from Peru (92839, 93551, 93578, 
95998, 96291, 96398) ; (through Dr. 
J. R. Weir) : 32 plants from Peru 

HEWETT, D. F., Washington, D. C: 
3 specimens of Lower Cretaceous 
invertebrates from the Province of 
Viscaya, Spain (92984) ; 4 stone ham- 
mers from San Bernardino, Calif., 
used by an ancient people in mining 
or preparing turquoise- (96238). 
( See also under E. C. Harder, and 
Madame Fernand Serpieri.) 

HEYL, C. H., 2d, Washington, D. C. : 
Specimens collected by the late CoL 
Charles H. Heyl, U. S. Army, dur- 
ing his campaigns in the West 
against the Indians (96777). 

HIGGINS, Mortimer L. J., Hartford, 
Conn. : 7 butterflies (92482) ; 46 
beetles from Dutch Guiana (92961). 

HILL, A. W., Edinburgh, Scotland: 3 
gum prints made some 20 years ago 
by " Hill's pigment process " (95509). 

HINDS, W. E. (See under Louisiana 
Experiment Station.) 

HINE, Prof. James S., Columbus, 
Ohio: 8 flies (95352, exchange). 



HINKLE, John, Namur, N. C. : Beetle 

HIORAM, Rev. Brother, Guantanamo, 
Oriente, Cuba: 31 ferns from Cuba 

HIRSCHI, Dr. H., Spiez, Switzerland : 
2 specimens of dumortierite with 
tourmaline in pegmatite from Swit- 
zerland (95415). 

HITCHCOCK, Prof. A. S. (See under 
Agriculture, Department of, Bureau 
of Plant Industry.) 

HOFFMAN, Alfred, Kew Gardens, 
N. Y. : 12 specimens of chemicals for 
the Loeb collection of chemical types 

HOFFMAN, Dr. William A., San 
Juan, P. R. : 40 insects, including 
cotypes of 2 species of Diptera 
(92563) ; 41 mollusks from seepage 
pools near Guayama, P. R. (95356) ; 
122 insects and a small collection of 
shells from Porto Rico (96457). 

HOFFMEISTBR, Dr. J. E., Rochester, 
N. Y. (through John B. Reeside, 
jr.) : 2 fossil shells from the Ter- 
tiary beds on Eua Tonga Islands 

HOGVALL, A., Winkelman, Ariz. : Ex- 
amples of limonite with fine irri- 
descence from the Standard mine at 
Winkelman, Ariz. (94991). 

HOLLANDER, I. H., Washington, 
D. C. : Colt revolver of the period of 
the Civil War (92796). 

Kary, S. Dak. (through Hon. 
William Williamson) : Infant's cro- 
cheted and beaded hood (92359). 

HOLMES, Dr. W. H., Washington, 
D. C. : 9 stone implements collected 
by the donor in Illinois and Mary- 
land (96178). 

HOLZINGER, Prof. John M., Winona, 
Minn. : A cluster of galls made by 
insects (93159). 

HOMBERSLEY, Archdeacon Akthtjb, 
Trinidad, British West Indies. : 23 
ferns from Trinidad (91839, 95731). 

HOOVER, J. B., Pittsburgh Pa. 
(through Charles Butts) : 43 fossil 
invertebrates from the coal measures 
of Armstrong County, Pa. (95016). 

HORNER, Alfred B., Washington, 
D. C. : A silver cup of the Colonial 
period (94114). 

HOUNAM, Sam, Ophir, Alaska: Por- 
tion of a skull of an extinct species 
of caribou from Alaska (92633). 

HOWARD, Harry E., Hummelstown, 
Pa. : 3 18-inch pieces of butternut 
wood (92644). 

HOWELL, A. B., Washington, D. C: 
34 fishes (94055) ; skull of a domes- 
tic dog (94071) ; 3 sessile barnacles, 
approximately 50 parasitic amphi- 
pods and many fragments of shrimp 
taken from a California gray whale, 
and 2 stalked barnacles taken from 
a hump-back whale, all from Trini- 
dad, Calif. (94383) ; 12 small mam- 
mals from California (95525) ; ap- 
proximately 150 crustaceans (96260) ; 
5 fishes from Mexico and Africa 
(96269) ; female specimen of black- 
throated warbler (96792) ; 6 skele- 
tons of the European hedgehog and 
embryos of a shrew (96964). 

HOWELL, Miss Elinor G., Chevy 
Chase, Md. : Gray squirrel (95416). 

HOXIE, W. J., Savannah, Ga. : Human 
bones from Georgia (92981). 

HBDLICKA, Dr. A., Washington, D. 
C. : 13 specimens of Eskimo carv- 
ing in old and recent ivory (94085) ; 
blue jay (96657). 

(See also under Arctic Brother- 
hood : Master Baldwin, Chris 
Betsch, Dr. Will Chase, Mrs. 
Ada Evans, Father Lafortune, 
Karl Lomen, W. G. Marsh, Mar- 
tin Matusuka, and Elwyn Swet- 

HUCKB, Dr. Kurt, Templin (Ucker- 
mark), Germany: 38 fossil mol- 
lusks from the Middle Oiigocene 
(Septarienton) at Joachimsthal, 
Germany (9421S). 

HUCKETT, Dr. H. C, Riverliead, N. 
Y. (through Harold C. Hallock, 
Riverton, N. J.) : Specimen of fly 
(96082) ; 3 flies, being paratypes of 
a new species (96410). 

HUMPHREY, Col. E. H., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 97 specimens of piercing 
and slashing weapons. (92477, 
loan. ) 



F. (through Col. E. H. Humphrey, 
United States Army, Washington, 
D. C.) : 33 pieces of pottery and 31 
pieces of bronze. (92478, loan.) 

HUNGERFORD, Prof. H. B. (See 
under Kansas, University of.) 

HUNTINGTON, Mrs. William Cha- 
piN, Washington, D. C. : Collection 
of footwear assembled by the late 
Frank G. Carpenter, father of the 
donor, during some 40 years of for- 
eign travel (93542). 

HUNTINGTON, William Eldeekix, 
Washington, D. C. : Military uni- 
form accessories, smaU pictures and 
a china cup owned by Col. William 
Anthony Elderkin, United States 
Army during the Civil War (96071). 

HURD, Charles D., Evanston, 111. : 6 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
Collection of Chemical Types 

HYSLOPP, J. A., Washington, D. C. : 
3 beetles, including a male paratype 
and 2 larvae (95411). 

Idaho (through Interior Depart- 
ment, United States Geological Sur- 
vey) : 3 mammoth teeth from Idaho 

ILEX OPTICAL CO., Rochester, N. Y. : 
3 Ilex shutters with cable releases 

bana, 111. (through Dr. T. H. Fri- 
son) : 2 saw-flies (para types) (94503, 
exchange) ; 2 flies from Illinois 

Oxford, England (through Dr. J. 
Burtt Davy) : 210 plants (97103, ex- 

ton, Ind. (through Dr. Will Scott) : 
21 amphipods from Wawasee Lake, 
Indiana (95161). 

INGRAHAM, Miss Ruth, Los Altos, 
Calif. : Eggs of katydid inserted in 
a piece of railroad time table 


Colombia (through Brother Nice- 

foro Maria) : 229 mammals from 

Colombia (91820, 97141). Exchange. 


Office of Indian Affairs: (See un- 
der Roebling fund, Smithsonian 
National Park Service, Grand Can- 
yon National Park, Grand Can- 
yon, Ariz. : A slab of fossil foot- 
prints from the Supai forma- 
tion. Grand Canyon National 
Park, collected by Glen Sturde- 
vant (93195). 
United States Geological Survey: 
Mineral specimens consisting of 
native sulphur and associated 
sulphate efflorencences, collected 
by W. T. Schaller in Culberson 
County, Tex. (92414) ; miscel- 
laneous rocks and ores illus- 
trating various published re- 
ports (92991) ; thin sections of 
educational series of rocks 
(93421) ; specimens from the 
Randsburg district, Calif., col- 
lected by F. L. Hess (93436) ; 
thin sections from J. D. Irving's 
Black Hills collection (93437) ; 
bat from Idaho (93514) ; 70 
plants collected in northern 
Alaska by J. B. Mertie, jr. 
(93536) ; specimens illustrating 
Bulletins 774, 763, and 780-0, 
United States Geological Sur- 
vey, by Clyde P. Ross (93564) ; 
ores from the Mineral Hill dis- 
trict, Idaho, and Searchlight 
mining district, Wyoming, and a 
large specimen of jarosite from 
Clark County, Nev. (93610);, 
suite of 105 specimens represent- 
ing the manganese ores and 
associated rocks from Montana, 
Utah, Oregon, and Washington, 
described in Bulletin 725-C, 
United States Geological Survey 
(93924) ; suite of 48 specimens 
representing the manganese ores 
and associated rocks from near 
Lake Crescent and Humptulips, 



United States Geological Survey — 
Wash,, described in a bulletin 
of the United States Geological 
Survey (93927) ; suite of 68 
si)ecimens representing the ores 
and associated rocks from the 
Garrison and Phillipsburg phos- 
phate fields, Montana, described 
in Bulletin No. 640-K of the 
United States Geological Survey 
(94063) ; rocks and ores illus- 
trating the geology and ore de- 
posits of the Mogollon district, 
N. Mex., described in Bulletin 
787, United States Geological 
Survey (94064) ; part of a skull 
of a Pleistocene horse, collected 
by Philip S. Smith in northern 
Alaska (9406S) ; 100 specimens, 
53 species, of shells from Peard 
Bay, northern Alaska, and an 
isopod from the beach near 
Point Barrow, Alaska, collected 
by Philip S. Smith (94246) ; 
thin sections of rocks and ores 
from various districts in Nevada 
(94374) ; suite of 109 specimens 
representing the ores and asso- 
ciated rocks from the northwest- 
ern part of the Garnet Range, 
Mont, described in Bulletin 660- 
P of the United States Geologi- 
cal Survey (94375) ; thin sec- 
tions and rocks from the various 
districts in California (94376) ; 
suite of eight specimens repre- 
senting the ores and associated 
rocks from the Dunkleberg min- 
ing district, Granite County, 
Mont, described in Bulletin 
660-g of the United States Geo- 
logical Survey (94377) ; thin sec- 
tions of rocks and ores from 
various districts in Arizona 
(94378) ; thin sections of erui>- 
tive rocks collected north of 
Boston, Mass., by J. S. Diller 

(94392) ; thin sections of rocks 
from various districts in Maine 

(94393) ; thin sections of rocks 

United States Geological Survey — 
collected by Walter H. Weed 
in the region about Sonora, 
Mexico (94394) ; thin sections 
of rocks from various districts 
in Utah (94397) ; 20 specimens 
of fossil material collected by 
L. W. Stephenson and W. C. 
Mansfield on the western shore 
of Chesapeake Bay, St. Marys 
County, Md. (94496) ; thin sec- 
tions of rocks illustrating a re- 
port on the Colorado River dam 
sites by F. L. Ransome (94497) ; 
thin sections of specimens from 
various districts in the State of 
Washington (94522) ; thin sec- 
tions of specimens from various 
districts in Montana (94523) ; 
thin sections of rocks collected 
in the Llano district, Tex., by 
Sidney Paige, and thin sections 
of specimens also collected by 
Mr. Paige in the region about 
Tyrone, N. M. (94524, 94525) ; 
thin sections of specimens from 
various districts in Oregon 

(94526) ; thin sections of speci- 
mens collected by C. W. Hayes 
in an examination for the 
Nicaraguan Canal Commission 

(94527) ; thin sections of speci- 
mens from the region about 
Knoxville, Tenn. (94528) ; thin 
sections of specimens collected 
by S. F. Emmons in the Acari 
mines, Peru, South America 
(94529) ; small collection of 
Triassic parasuchian reptile re- 
mains obtained by A. A. Baker 
in the Chinle formation, 2 miles 
south of Moab, Utah (94530) ; 
minerals upon which were made 
the optical determinations for 
BuUetin 679, United States Geo- 
logical Survey, by E. S. Larsen 
(94544) ; Cambrian fossils ob- 
tained by L. S. Westgate in the 
Pioche district, Nev., and by 
James Gilluly in the Stockton 



United, States Geological Survey — 
and Fairfield quadrangles, Utah 
(94702) ; manganese ores stud- 
ied by D. F. Hewett and asso^ 
ciates in the United States Geo- 
logical Survey, and by George 
A. Thiel, University of Minne- 
sota (95088) ; Upper and Middle 
Cambrian fossils collected by 
R. C. Moore in the Grand Can- 
yon, Ariz., in 1923 (95618) ; 72 
specimens of echinoderms and 
moUusks from North and South 
Carolina, described by L. W. 
Stephenson (96765) ; fossil teeth 
of horse and elephant collected 
by A. H. Kimzey, Farmersville, 
Tex. (96790) ; 71 specimens of 
manganese ores illustrative of 
published reports on deposits in 
New Mexico, Arizona, Califor- 
nia, Wyoming, and Colorado 

(See also under Idaho Man- 
ganese Co. and H. PI. 
Roberts. ) 

DATION, New York City (through 
Dr. F. F, Russell, director) : 187 
fishes from various localities in Cen- 
tral and South America, Haiti, and 
Porto Rico (92851) ; 11 fishes 

THE, Bayonne, N. J. (through Dr. 
Paul D. Merica) : Specimen of 
metallic nickel for the Loeb collec- 
tion of chemical types (97633). 

INUKAI, Dr. Tetsuo, Sapporo, Japan : 
3 salamanders from Sakhalin, 
Japan (95737). 


Iowa (through Prof. J. E. Guthrie) : 

Snake from Iowa (93561) : 

Department of Botany: 118 plants 

(96465, exchange) ; (through 

Prof. L. H. Pammel) 355 plants 

from Oregon (96936, exchange). 

IVES, Frederick E., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Half tone in 3 colors, dated 
August, 1881; halftone photo- 
gravure ; 10 " hicrome " colored 
photographs and 17 " hicarbo " 
prints (96850). 

IVES, Prof. J. D., Jefferson City, 
Tenn. : 16 insects and a salamander 
from Indian Cave, Tenn. (93409) ; 
13 insects and a mollusk collected in 
a cave near Three Springs, Tenn. 
(94061) ; 2 bats and a collection of 
insects (94341) ; 4 insects, 9 isopods, 
a bat, an earthworm, and 2 spiders 
from Nick-a-Jack Cave, Tenn., and 
Mammoth Cave, Ky.- (95973). 

JACKSON, Ralph W., Cambridge, 
Md. : 2 pearly fresh-water mussels 
from Arcos, Brazil (type and para- 
type of a new species) (95107). 

JACOBSON, C. A., Morgantown, 
W. Va. : 3 specimens of chemicals 
for the Loeb collection of chemical 
types (97630). 

JACOBSON, Dr. Edward, Fort de 
Kock, Sumatra : 5 specimens of bugs 
from Sumatra, being types of 3 
species described by Dr. J. R. de la 
Torre Bueno (94502) ; (through Dr. 

C. P. Alexander) 13 specimens of 
flies (the types of 8 species and 1 
additional subspecies of Sumatran 
crane flies) (94603). 

JACOT, Arthur Paul, Tsinan, 
China : 2 skulls and 3 skeletons of 
small mammals from Connecticut 

(See also under Shantung Chris- 
tian University, Department of 
JAMES, George H., Washington, 

D. C. : Watch made by Peter Garon, 
London, about 1690 (94974, loan). 

JAMES, M., Lutesville, Mo.: 14 speci- 
mens, 8 species, of pearly mussels 
from Crooked Creek, Bollinger 
County, Mo., and 10 fossil gastropods 
from near Lutesville (95374). 

Leningrad, Union • of ' Socialistic 
Soviet Republics in -Europe : 1.60 
plants from Brazil (95381) ; 7 plants 
from Asia (96974). Exchange, 


JOHANSEN, HOLGEK, Summit, Canal 
Zone: 13 plants from Canal Zone 
(92777, 92965, 93237, 93473). 

Baltimore, Md. (tlirougli Dr. Duncan 
S. Johnson) : 2 shrimps and 2 crabs 
collected from the Mabess River, 
Jamaica (93842) ; 15 ferns from Ja- 
maica (94092, exchange) ; (through 
Dr. Edward W. Berry) 2 seeds of 
plants from Panama (924S9, ex- * 
change) . 

JOHNSON, Chaeles, Dry Tortugas, ? 
Fla. : 71 birds, in alcohol, from Dry 
Tortugas, Fla. (93478). 

JOHNSON, C. W., Boston, Mass.: 11 
insects (93179) ; type specimen of ai 
fly (95353, exchange). 

(See also under Boston Society of 
Natural History.) 

JOHNSON, Dr. Duncan S. (See| 
under Johns Hopkins University, > 
Baltimore, Md.) 

JOHNSON, Fkank, New York City : | 
4 specimens of insects, comprising 
male and female each of two rai'e 
species, new to the Museum collec- 
tions (93916) ; 53 moths (94487) ; \ 
110 specimens of Lepidoptera from 
Arizona, New York, and South * 
America (95656) ; 43 moths and ; 
butterflies including several new to ■ 
the Museum collections (96786). 1 

JOHNSON, G. Duncan, Baltimore, ; 
Md. : 4 specimens of ferns from Ja- ■ 
maica (93432). 

JOHNSON, Prof. J. Harlan, Golden, ' 
Calif, (through J. B. Reeside, jr.) : 
4 specimens of undescribed species 
of Cretaceous invertebrates from the 
Fox Hills sandstone of Colorado 

JOHNSON, Dr. Paul, Washington, 
D. C. : Chimney swift (96418). 

JOHNSON, Paul E. (See under 
Buchanan, Estates of Dr, and Mrs. 

JOHNSTON, Miss Frances Benjamin, 
New York City: 69 bromide enlarge- 
ments of photographs entitled " In 
Old World Gardens," for special ex- 
hibition of her work during the 
month of February (95106, loan). 

JOHNSTON, Dr. I. M. (See under 
Harvard University, Gray Herbar- 
JONES, Carl T., Lawshe, Ohio: 
Beetle and stone implements from 
Ohio (94410, 95175). 
JONES, E. DuKiNFiELD, Glendale, 
Calif. : 111 specimens of South Amer- 
ican Lepidoptera, representing ap- 
proximately 50 new species, and 43 
specimens of Lepidoptera from Cali- 
fornia (95867). 
JONES, Col. E. Lester, Washington, 
D. C. : Split-bamboo fishing rod made 
about 1860 by Charles Hopkins 
Jones, father of the donor, and said 
to be the second fly rod ever made 
JONES, Dr. Walter B., University, 
Ala. : Large exhibition slab illus- 
trating the Ordovician-Devonian un- 
conformity in Alabama (94780). 
JORDAN, Dr. Karl, Tring, Herts, 
England: Rare insect from Malay 
Peninsula (96485) ; skeletons of 3 
wood rats from near Great Falls, 
Va. (96924). 
Washington, D. C. : 4 halftone plates 
and 10 prints therefrom (93626). 
JUDD, Neil M., Washington, D. C. : 
Pottery fragments collected by the 
donor in October, 1926, at Hueco 
tanks, near El Paso, Tex. (94580) ; 
2 Navaho animal shrines and a bird 
trap used by Zuni Indians at Pueblo 
Bonito (95520). 
JURICA, I-IiLARY S. (See under St. 

Procopius College, Lisle, 111.) 
KALUSOWSKI, Dr. H. E., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Belgian double-barreled 
fowling piece, made about the mid- 
dle of the nineteenth century 
KANE, Charles, Washington, Di O. : 
American shelf clock of about 1850 
COLLEGE, Manhattan, Kans. 
(through Prof. R. H. Painter) : 3 
flies, types of 3 species (85764; ex- 
change) ; (through Charles E. Burt) 
scorpion (94750). 



rence, Kans. (through Prof. R. H. 
Beamer) 2 specimens of flies (para- 
types) (91906, exchange) ; 21 speci- 
mens of flies, paratypes of 9 species 
(94354, exchange) ; (through Prof. 
H. B. Hungerford) 8 specimens of 
beeUes (93465) ; (through C. D. 
Bunker) 2 turtles (94122) ; 6 flies 
from Kansas (96463, exchange). 

KEARNEY, Dr. T. H,: Washington, 
D. C. : 2 plants from Arizona 
(See also under Agxiculture, De- 
partment of, Bureau of Plant 
Industry. ) 

KEEVIN, E. E. (See under Roosevelt 
Newsboys' Association, The.) 

KELLOGG, Remington. (See under 
Smithsonian Institution, National 
Museum, collected by members of 
the staff.) 

KENG, Dr. LiM Boon, Amoy, China : 
3 photographs of a whale (93268). 

KENNAN, Mrs. Emeline Weld, Me- 
dina, N. Y. : Catalan (Spain) dagger 
and a Barbary (North Africa) knife 

KENNEDY, E. F. (See under South- 
ern Railway system, development 
service. ) 

KENNEDY, P. B. (See under Cali- 
fornia, University of.) 

KIAER, Prof. Johan, Oslo, Norway 
(through Dr. E. O. Ulrich, Wash- 
ington, D. C.) : Collection of fossils, 
particularly ostracoda, illustrating 
the Ordovieian and Silurian periods 
in Norway (96646). 

KIMZEY, A. H., Farmersville, Tex. : 4 
stone implements and a lot of pots- 
herds from near Farmersville 

KING, D. O., Mendoza, Argentina : 
Specimen of rhea (bird) from Ar- 
gentina (95001). 

KING, William C, San Antonio, Tex. : 
Plant from Texas (93429). 

KINSER, B. M., Eustis, Fla. (through 
B. J. Brown) : The last upper tooth 
of an extinct species of horse 

KINSEY, C. A., Belgrade, Mont: 
Lower jaw of a marten from the 
Miocene near Belgrade (91717), 

KIRK, Dr. Edwin C, Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Mounting stand for holding 
lower jaws for photographing 

KIRN, Albert J., Somerset, Tex. : 189 
specimens of land and fresh-water 
shells from Iowa, Kansas, Texas, 
and other localities (95109). 

KLARMANN, Emil, Bloomfield, N. J. : 
3 specimens of chemicals for the 
Loeb collection of chemical types 

KLASE, J. S., Avon Park, Fla. : 4 in- 
sects and a liskrd from Florida 

KNOWLTON, Dr. G. F. (See under 
Utah Agricultural College.) 

KNULL, J. N., Harrisburg, Pa. : 32 un- 
determined Hymenoptera (93518). 

KOHL, Dr. E., Berlin, Germany: 10 
specimens of minerals (86684, ex- 

KORNHAUSBR, Dr. S. I. ( See under 
Louisville, University of.) 

KUGLER, Dr. H. G., Puerto Cabello, 
Venezuela (through Dr. W. P. Wood- 
ring, Washington, D. C.) : 27 collec- 
tions of Tertiary invertebrate fossils 
from the State of Falcon, Venezuela 

KUYKENDALL, Rhea, Reserve, N. 
Mex. : Potsherds and fragments of 

2 male skulls from Catron County, 
N. Mex. (92552). 

(See also under Pat Birmingham 
and Mrs. Henry Graham.) 
KYLIE, H. R. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of, Forest Service. ) 
LAFFERTY, C. E., Newfield, N. J,: 

3 gray squirrels from New Jersey' 

La FLESCHE, Dr. Francis, Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Necklace of seeds of AVa- 
non-p'in-hi, or " necklace tree," from 
the Osage Indians, Oklahoma 

La FORTUNE, Rev. Father Belar^on, 
Nome, Alaska (through Dr. A. Hrd- 
liCka) : 6 photographs of natives of 
Alaska (92869). 



LANDIS, Col. J. F. Reynolds, United 
States Army (retired). (See under 
Aztec Club of 1847, The). 

LARSEN, Dr. E. S., Cambridge, Mass. : 
4 specimens of the mineral cancri- 
nite described by E. S. Larsen and 
W. F. Foshag (95426). 

LATHAM, Rot, Orient, N. T. : 2 pearly 
fresh-water mussels and 3 valves of 
land shells from Montauk, Long Is- 
land, N. Y. (96001, 96476). 

LATIMER, H. A., Boston, Mass. : 2 
carbon prints and 3 photogravure 
prints (94782). 

LAUGHLIN, Dr. Blanche Stiuu 
Kirksville, Mo. (through Dr. Riley 
D. Moore, Washington, D. C.) : 2 
dental forceps used by Dr. Andrew 
Taylor Still (93587). 

La WALL, Prof. Charles H. (See 
under Lippincott, J. P., & Co.) 

LAWLER, F. R., New Orleans, La.: 
Mollusk and egg cases of moUusk, a 
bryozoan, 2 leeches, and a land pla- 
narian (93291). 

LAWRENCE & CO., Lawrence, Mass. 
(See under Pacific Mills, Boston, 

LBNGERKE, J. von. Orange, N. J.: 
21 hawks from New Jersey (93922, 
94062, 96275) ; goshawk and a red- 
tailed hawk from near Westchester, 
Conn. (93939) ; 3 goshawks and a 
marsh-ihawk from New Jersey 

LENMAN, Miss Isobel H., Washing- 
ton, D. C. (through Anton Heitmul- 
ler) : 110 ethnological objects from 
the peoples of the Pacific (95745, 

LEON, Rev. Brother, Vedado, Habana, 
Cuba: 8 plants from Cuba (92432). 

LEONARD, E. C, Washington, D. C. : 
20 land shells from northern Haiti 

LERMOND, NoKMAN W., Gulf port, 
Fla. : 22 specimens of Miocene fos- 
sils dredged off the water front of 
St. Petersburg, Fla. (94507). 

LESNE, P., Paris, France: 24 speci- 
mens, representing 10 species, of 
determined beetles of the family 
Lyctidae (96073). 

LEWIS, Rev. C. S., Trenton, N. J. : 5 
ferns from New York (94358). 

LEWIS, M-ss Elizabeth S., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 2 fresh-water mussels 
from Anacostia River, at Benning 
Station, D. C. (92795). 

ton, D. C. : Bound volume of herba- 
rium specimens prepared by William 
Paine in 1732 (94599). 

LIGHT, William A. ( See under Roe- 
bling Fund, Smithsonian Institution. ) 

LIORE & OLIVIER, Levallois (Seine) 
France: Photograph of the Liore & 
Olivier hydroplane, type Leo H. 
194, with which Bernard and Bou- 
gault made the flight from France 
to Madagascar and return (95559). 

LIPPINCOTT & CO., J. P., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. (through Dr. Horatio C. 
Wood and Prof. Charles H. La 
Wall) : Copy of the United States 
Dispensatory, twenty-first edition, 
for inclusion in an exhibit of Amer- 
ican medicinal standards (93277). 

LLOYD, Dr. John Uri, Cincinnati, 
Ohio : Medal awarded to the donor 
by the Cincinnati Industrial Expo- 
sition, 1875, for an exhibit of " Fine 
and rare chemicals" (94520). 
(See also under Dr. H. H. Hays.) 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Botan- 
ische Abteilung.) 

LOHMANDER, Hans, Lund, Sweden: 
66 isopods representing 5 species 

LOHR, L. R. (See under American 
Military Engineers, The Society of.) 

LOMEN, Karl, Nome. Alaska (through 
Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : ArcheologicaJ 
specimens from the Bering Sea re- 
gion (93834, loan). 

don, England (through Dr. P. A, 
Buxton) : 42 flies (Sarcophigidae) 
from Samoa and New Hebrides 

LONGLEY, Dr. W. H., Baltimore, 
Md. : 76 fishes from Tortugas, Fla. ; 
also an insect and crustacean 



LORING, J. Alden, Oswego, N. Y. : 
Skull of a male Seminole Indian 
from Florida (93835). 

geles, Calif, (througli L. J. Much- 
more) : 4 flies (95378, exchange). 

TION, Baton Rouge, La. (through 
W. E. Hinds) : Moth bred from the 
" cotton leafworm " of Central Peru, 
Canete Valley, by Mr. Hinds 

Louisville, Ky. (through Dr. S. I. 
Kornhauser) : 40 flies and a sped-: 
men of subcutaneous tissue (from 
cadaver), infested with larvae of 
Drosophila, from Louisville, Ky. 

LOY, Hakry D., Romney, W. Va. : 
Bald eagle from West Virginia 

LUEDERWALDT, Dr. H. (See under 
Museu Paulista.) ■ 

LUM, Mrs. Bebtha, Hollywood, Calif.:' 
51 wood-block prints in color, Japa-i 
nese method, for special exhibition 
of her work from October 30 to 
November 26, 1926 (93627, loan). 

LUMMIS, Mrs. George M., Fort 
Myers, Fla. : 2 plants from Florida ' 
(96093, 96490). 

LUMMIS, Standlby B., Fort Myers, 
Fla.: Orchid from Florida (93168).' 

LUQUIENS, H. M., Honolulu, Hawaii:' 
60 etchings, dry points, and aquatints : 
for special exhibition of his work 
from January 31 to February 26, 
1927 (94695, loan) : 2 etchings, 2' 
dry i)oints, and 1 aquatint (95955). 

FARMS, THE, Santa Rosa, Calif. : 3 
small lots of charred botanical food 
material from Indian mounds in, 
Ohio (92845). 

McATEE, W. L. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of, Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey.) 

McCALLIE, S. W. ( See under Georgia 
State Geological Survey, Atlanta, 

McCarthy, E. F., Ashevllle, N. C: 
Fragments of pottery found by the 
donor and A. F. Hough in the Pis- 
gah National Forest, N. C. (92798). 

McCONNELL, Dr. B. S., New York 
City: Beetle (94756). 

Mcdonald, Mrs. Lorena H., Sllesla, 
Md. : An old instrument for extract- 
ing teeth, owned by her husband, 
the late Dr. L. H. McDonald, of 
Norwalk, Ohio (93446). 

McELVAIN, S. M., Madison, Wis. : 19 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (92944), 

McGEHEE, Dr. E. P., Lake Village, 
Ark. : Larva of a moth (92616). 

McGINNIS, W. R., Charleston, W. Va. : 
Specimen of the Carolina mantis 

McGIRR, Newman F., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Book of Hours illuminated 
probably by Hans Memling and 
Gerard David with reproductions in 
photogravure of 11 representative 
miniatures (96422). 

McGregor, E. a., Lindsay, Calif.: 
73 insects from California (96088, 

(See also under Agriculture, United 
States Department of. Bureau of 

McGregor, R. C. (See under Phil- 
ippine Islands, Government of.) 

Mcintosh, Walter R., Duncans, 
P. O., Jamaica, British West In- 
dies : 30 shells from Jamaica 

MCKEE, Prof. J. C, Agricultural and 
Mechanical College, Miss.: Plant- 
from Mississippi (96452). 

McNeill, Frank A. (See under 
Australian Museum, The.) 

MoPHERSON, W. W., Lubbock, Tex. : 
Portion of a skull of a phytosaurian 
reptile (93452). 

McRAE, Dr. E. H., Tampa, Fla.: 2 
insects from Florida (93456). 

MACDONOUGH, G. H., Washington, 
D. C. : Gold-mounted sword pre- 
sented by the State of New York to 
Commodore Thomas '■ Macdohoiigh, 



MACDONOUGH, G. H.— Continued. 
United States Navy, and a pair of 
gold-mounted pistols presented to 
him by the State of Connecticut, in 
recognition of his achievements dur- 
ing the War of 1812-15 (94639, 

MacDOUGAL, Dr. D. T., Carmel, 
Calif. : Specimen and 7 photographs 
of plants (92419, exchange). 

(See also under Carnegie Insti- 
tution of Washington, Coastal Lab- 
oratory. ) 

MACE, B. M., Jr., American trade 
commissioner to Argentina, Uru- 
guay and Paraguay, care State De- 
partment, Washington, D. C. : B;!g 
containing a corncob and a frag- 
ment of fiber cord of the ancient 
Peruvians, found in a cemetery at 
Arica, Peru (92527). 

MACGINITIE, G. E., Fresno, Calif.: 
16 specimens of crustacea (93196). 

MACKIE, Mrs. Ralph P., McKinley 
Park, Alaska: 40 plants from Alas- 
ka (90938, 92534, 92588, 93158). 

MACNEAL, W. J., New York City : 10 
specimens of chemicals for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (97628). 

MADDEN, J. L., Shinnston, W. Va. : 
Approximately 500 land, fresh-wa- 
ter and marine shells and a crab 
from Charlotte County, Fla. (92572). 

New York City: 8 large panels of 
Central American and African ma- 
hogany, and 5 small inlaid panels 
showing mahogany in combination 
with other valuable woods (94547). 

OF, Augusta, Me. (through H. B. 
Peirson) : 4 specimens of insects 

New York City : 14 specimens of silk 
dress fabrics (92859) ; 28 samples 
of novelty silk fabrics, called the 
American National Park Series, 
which are printed with designs in- 
spired by the natural wonders of 
our National and State parks ; and 
9 piece-dyed silk fabrics for installa- 
tion with these (95522). 

MALLOCH, J. R., Washington, D. C. : 
3 specimens of flies, paratypes of 1 
species (93487) ; 5 specimens of flies, 
including paratypes of 3 new species 

MANDA, Robert F., West Orange, 
N. J.: 12 plants (cacti) (92417). 

MANDA (INC.), W. A., South Orange, 
N. J.: 9 plants (cacti) (92557, ex- 

MANSFIELD, Mrs. George R., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Boy's hat of the early 
part of the nineteenth century 

MARCUCCI, Sr. Don Francisco, 
Moyuta, Guatemala, Central Amer- 
ica : Seeds of a tree from Guatemala 
(94208, 94732), 

MARSH, O. Gaylord, Montevideo, 
Uruguay (through Department of 
Stale) : Barnacle known as "Whale 
louse," taken from a whale in the 
vicinity of the South Shetland 
Islands (92379) ; 2 mollusks and 
some barnacles from Uruguay 

MARSH, W. G., Anchorage, Alaska 
(through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : Leaf- 
shape flint blade found by the donor 
on a ranch 5 miles northeast of 
Anchorage (93520). 

MARSHALL, Btron C, Imboden, 
Ark. : SO insects from Arkansas 
(931.52, 93938, 94757, 95116, 96861). 

MARSHALL, Ernest B., Laurel, Md. : 
Crow, 4 pine mice, 3 specimens of 
laughing gull and a bluejay, 2 
specimens of red-shouldered hawk, 
and 25 small mammal skulls, and a 
sparrovv? hawk, all from Maryland 
(93479, 94074, 94111, 94949, 96467, 

MARSHALL, George, Washington, 
D. C. : 3 specimens, 2 species, of 
fresh-water mussels from Patuxent 
River, Laurel, Md. (95413). 

MARTIN, George A. : Approximately 
112 shells from Jamaica (90149). 

MARTIN, Dr. Thomas H. (See un- 
der American Optometric Associa- 



MAETIN, W. N., Rouzerville, Pa.: 
Skin of a pigmy hippopotamiis from 
Sierra Leone, Africa (88655). 

MARTINEZ, Sr. Don Maximino. 
(See under Mexico, Government of. 
Direccion de Estudios Biologicos.) 

CIETY, THE, Baltimore, Md. : 3 
fragments of the Star Spangled Ban- 
ner and 4 documents establishing 
their authenticity (93535). 

MASON FIBRE CO., Laurel, Miss.: 
43 specimens showing stages in the 
manufacture of " Masonite," a syn- 
thetic lumber (96280). 

MATHER, WiLUAM G., Cleveland, 
Ohio : Book entitled " The Portraits 
of Increase Mather " by K. B. Mur- 
dock, printed by Bruce Rogers at 
the Harvard University Press, 1924 

MATHESON, Prof. Robert. (See un- 
der Cornell University.) 

MATHEWS, Prof. Asa A. L. (See 
under Utah, University of.) 

York City : 6 specimens of printing 
for the blind (96419). 

MATLEY, Dr. C. A., Edinburgh, Scot- 
land (through Dr. W. P. Woodring) : 
Collection of late Tertiary fossils 
from Jamaica (96562). 

MATTHEWS, Ransom, Selma, Calif.: 
Collection of ignition apparatus com- 
prising a high tension Atwater Kent 
generator ; a German Bosch mag- 
neto ; an American Bosch magneto ; 
a Rocker type magneto ; and 9 spark 
plugs (95489, loan). 

MATUSUKA, Martin, Fairbanks, 
Alaska, (through Dr. A. Hrdlicka) : 
Fossil skull of a horse from Tofty, 
Alaska, and the skull of a grizzly 
bear from the Seward Peninsula, 
Alaska (92480). 

MAWCINITT, Prof. Ferd., Vera Cruz, 
Mexico : 4 specimens of fungi 

(See also under Estacion For- 
estal. ) 

Conn. : An exhibit illustrating the 
production of viscose rayon (92361). 

MAY, Col. Henby, Washington, D. C: 
Infantry field officer's dress helmet 
of the period of the Spanish-Ameri- 
can War, and a Sharp's rifle, cali- 
ber 45 (96945) ; pair of dragoon 
revolvers, caliber 45, period of the 
Civil War, and a shoulder stock 

MAYER, Mrs. Eleanor Gale, Ryder, 
Alaska : 107 plants from Alaska 

MEADOWS, Don C, Laguna Beach, 
Calif. : 100 insects from California 

MEIERE, Thomas McKean. (See 
under Buchanan, Estates of Mr, and 
Mrs. Roberdeau.) 

MELANDER, Prof. A. L., New York 
City: Specimen of fly (96794, ex- 

MELL, C. D., New York City: 35 
plants from Mexico (95342, 96012, 
96014, 98244) ; 22 plants (95400, 
95635) ; specimen each of Jonote and 
CaobUlo wood collected by the donor 
in Mexico (96629). 

MERCK & CO., Rahway, N. J.: 13 
specimens of medicinal substances 
made official in the United States 
Pharmacopoeia X (93800). 

MEREDITH, A. A., Amarillo, Tex. : 15 
galls made by flies on swamp willow 
bush in Texas ( 94568 >. 

MERICA, Dr. Paul D. ( Se6 under In- 
ternational Nickel Co.) 

MERRILL, Dr. Elmer D., Berkeley, 
Calif. : 4 plant photographs (types 
of species) (95902). 

MBRRITT, E. B. (See under S. F. 

METCALF, Dr. M. M., Baltimore, Md. : 
8 trematode worms taken from rep- 
tiles collected in Brazil (91767). 

New York City (through Harry 
Wehle) : 26 photographs of minia- 
tures in the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art (92820). 




Direccion de Estudios Biologicos 
(through Dr. A. L. Herrera) : 
7 crayfishes (92355) ; 2 speci- 
mens of shrimp from Tuxtla 
Guitierrez, Chiapas, Mexico 
(92467) ; 2 sea-urchins (92590) ; 
plant from Mexico (92973, ex- 
change) ; moUusk (93200) ; 2 
living plants (932C3, exchange) ; 
2 shells (93545) ; 5 specimens, 3 
species, of land and fresh-water 
shells and a few marine inver- 
tebrates from the State of Vera 
Cruz, Mexico (93940) ; 11 cray- 
fishes collected from the river 
Cupatitzio, Michoacan (94535) ; 
plant from Mexico (94967, ex- 
change) ; shell and 8 opercula 
from Guyamas, Sonora, Mexico, 
and a starfish (96234) ; approxi- 
mately 50 mollusks from El 
Penon, Mexico (96435); 
(through Sr. Don Maximino 
Martinez) 7 plants and 4 photo- 
graphs of plants (92158, 92378, 
95127, exchange). 
Direccion Forestal y de Casa y 
Pesca, Mexico, Mexico (through 
Carlos Stansch, Escuinapa, Si- 
naloa, Mexico) : Marine inver- 
tebrates, some immature fishes, 
and a mollusk from Mexico 
MEYER, Dr. Reinhold, Darmstadt, 
Germany : 78 specimens of deter- 
mined European bees, representing 
47 species ; 279 specimens, represent- 
ing 53 determined species of acule- 
ate Hymenoptera ; 262 specimens of 
Hymenoptera representing 81 spe- 
cies (88571, 94557, 95377). Ex- 
MBYN, Hbineich, Washington, D. C. : 
Collection of antique hinges and 
locks (93576). 
partment of geology, Ann Arbor, 
Mich. : Cast of a phytosaur pelvis 
(92561, exchange). 
MIDDLETON, Geoege, Washington, 
D. C. : English penny coined in 1797 
during the reign of George III 

I MILLER, Mrs. Flokence G., Washing- 
j ton, D. C. : Wooden spoon from the 
j Philippine Islands, inscribed with 
I rare Battak writing (92970). 
i MILLER, Geerit S., jr., Washington. 
j D. C: Plant from Virginia (96978). 
j MILLS, Alfred Elmeb. (See under 
I Frederick A. Canfield.) 

MILLS, Edwakd K. (See under Fred- 
erick A. Canfield.) 

MILLS, Lieut. K. L. (DF) United 
States Naval Reserve, Fort Lauder- 
dale, Fla. : Echinoid from Florida 

MILLS, Mrs. Stephen C, Washington, 
D. C. : Small collection of Indian 
and Philippine baskets and mats 
(93499) ; Apache basket from the 
collection of the donor's father, the 
late Gen. J. C. G. Lee (95425). 

department of geology, Milwaukee, 
Wis. : 235 specimens of invertebrate 
fossils from Wisconsin (90418, ex- 

MIRGUET, C. E,, Washington, D. C. : 
Skeleton of a rough-winged swallow 
from Washington, D. C. (92799). 

MISER, H. D. (See under Dr. E. O. 

M I Y O S H I, KoTAEO, Yamaguchiken, 
Japan : Small collection of miscel- 
laneous insects fi'om Japan (96409). 

Louis, Mo. : A 4-ounce specimen of 
chlorinated paraffin (92894). 

MOONEY, R., Washington, D. C. : Slab 
of fossil chinoids from the Missis- 
sippian rocks at Judith Gap, Fergus 
County, Mont. (96273). 

MOORE, Dr. Riley D. (See under 
Dr. E. R. Booth, Dr. Blanche Still 
Laughlin, and Dr. Curtis H. Muncie.) 

MOOREHBAD, Waerbn K. (See un- 
der Phillips Academy.) 

MORGAN, Mrs. E. L., Washington, 
D. C. : Collection of ethnological and 
skeletal material gathered by the 
late Dr. E. L. Morgan (39 speci- 
mens) (93169). 

MORREY, Mrs. J. B., Washington, 
D. C. : 12 ethnological specimens 
mainly from the Western Indians, 
and a gourd dipper (95534). 



MORTENSEN, E., Uvalde, Tex.: 8 
specimens of cacti (92559). 

MOTT, Dr. G. E., United States Navy, 
Annapolis, Md. : Italian svpord of 

■ the early fifteenth century (95868). 

MOULTON, Dr. W. B., Portland, Me. : 
24 cut gems of tourmaline from 
Maine, showing variety of color 

MUCHMOEE, L. J. (See under Los 
Angeles Museum.) 

MUNCIE, Dr. OxmTis H., Brooklyn, 
N. y. (through Dr. Riley D. Moore, 
Washington, D. C.) : 5 instruments 
used by osteopaths in the treatment 
of deafness (93430) . 

MUNDT, Walteb, Berlin-Mahlsdorf, 
Germany: 3 plants (95100, ex- 
change) . 

MUNROE, Miss Helen, Washington, 
D. C. : A ball dress of brocade silk 
ornamented vyith bouquets of flovpers 
and fruits ; Chinese carved ivory 
cardcase; blue velvet beaded bag 
and 2 beaded bags and a silk fan 
vpith ivory sticks used during the 
early part of the nineteenth century 

MUNZ, Dr. Phiup A. (See under 
Pomona College, Claremont, Calif.) 

MURAKAMI, Hanzo, Japan: 8 speci- 
mens of Cambrian fossils (92983, de- 

MURPHY, O. A., Salt Sulphur Springs, 
W. Va. : Nest of the blue-gray gnat 
catcher from West Virginia (93253). 

MURPHY, Robert Cushman, New 
York City : 5 parasitic isopods 

Belgium : Fragment from the mete- 
oric stone which fell at Lesves, Bel- 
gium, April 13, 1896 (93223, ex- 
change) . 

Brazil, South America (through Dr. 
H. Luederwaldt) : Anomuran crab 
from Isle Sao Sebastiao, and 49 ma- 
rine moUusks from Brazil (91456, 

NATURELLE, Paris, France: 2 
photographs of a plant ; 1307 plants, 
mainly from Asia (92613, 93525). 

NABOURS, Robert K., Manhattan, 
Kans. : Otolith (ear stone) taken 
from a catfish in Kansas River 

lege of agriculture and forestry, 
Nanking, China (through C. Y. 
Chiao) : 2,000 Chinese plants (93898, 
exchange) . 

NASH, John Henet, San Francisco, 
Calif. : Broadside entitled " El Toi- 
son de Oro," written by Edward 
O'Day, printed by the donor in 1925, 
and awarded a first prize at the 
Graphic Arts Leaders Exhibition at 
Philadelphia (94053). 

Washington, D. C. : 3,550 plants col- 
lected in the North River region of 
southern China, under the direction 
of F. R. Wulsin (3rd collection) 
(93589) ; archeological material col- 
lected for the society by Neil M. 
Judd from various prehistoric vil- 
lage sites in Arizona and New Mex- 
ico, during October, 1926 (94762) ; 
archeological collections from ruins 
in or near Chaco Canyon, N. Mex., 
from the society's Pueblo Bonito ex- 
peditions (1921-1926) under Mr. 
Judd (95112) ; archeological collec- 
tion from Pueblo del Arroyo, Chaco 
Canyon National Monument, N. Mex., 
secured by the Pueblo Bonito expedi- 
tions (1921-1926) of the society un- 
der Mr. Judd (95954) ; archeological 
material collected by the society's 
expeditions at the ruin of Pueblo 
Bonito, Chaco Canyon National 
Monument, N. Mex., during the years 

Denmark : Collection of 85 ethno- 
logical specimens from the Ammas- 
salik Eskimo of East Greenland 
(93532, exchange). 



series of radium ores and radioac- 
tive minerals ; vertebrate fossils in- 
cluding fish, turtle, and lizard re- 
mains, and 50 specimens of Early 
Paleozoic invertebrates (95977) ; 
series of United States flags show- 
ing the development of the design 
1776-1926 (8 specimens) (97638). 
Washington, D. C. (through Mrs. 
James C. Frazer) : A trench coat 
worn during the World War by Miss 
Elizabeth C. Lee (96788, loan). 
Diego, Calif. : 14 specimens of para- 
sitic mites (92494). 
Stockholm, Svreden : 2 skulls of 
wolverine from Swedish Lapland 
(92188, exchange). 
Botanische Abteilung, Vienna, Aus- 
tria : 15 lots of washings with 
Tertiary bryozoa from Europe 
(92600) ; 100 specimens (Century 
30) Kryptogamae Essiccatae (95382, 
exchange) ; (through the Lloyd 
Library, Cincinnati, Ohio) 27 speci- 
mens of fungi (96661, exchange). 
SEETS, Stockholm, Sweden: 
Botanislca Afdelning: 121 speci- 
mens of ferns collected in Cuba 
by E. L. Ekman (85234, 87323) ; 
(through Prof. G. Samuelsson) 
192 specimens of Brazilian 
plants (92642) ; 269 plants, 
chiefly from Cuba (92871) ; 7 
plants from Cuba (95084) ; 209 
plants from South America 
(96632) ; 253 plants (96937). 
Mineralogiska Avdelm'ng: 2 min- 
eral specimens, fluoborite and 
magnesiumorthite from Nor- 
berg, Sweden (95976, ex- 
PaleobotanisJca A'vdelning : 137 
specimens of Mesozoic and 
Cenozoic plants, chiefly from 
Scania (93808, exchange). 

69199—27 12 

NAVY DEPARTMENT : 5 aircraft en- 
gines, namely, the Hall Scott A-7-A, 
Union 2-6, Curtiss CD-12, Wright 
D-1, Bentley BR-2 (90248) ; hull of 
the NC-Jf, the Navy boat airplane 
which was the first aircraft to cross 
the Atlantic Ocean (9 630 6); 
(through California Academy of 
Sciences, San Francisco, Calif.) 6 
frogs, 2 snakes, and 43 lizards from 
the Revillagigedos Islands, collected 
by the academy's expedition to the 
islands in 1925 (94348). 

NELSON, Elven C, Boulder, Colo. 
(through Prof. T. D. A. Cockerell) : 
Type specimens of a butterfly 

NEVERMANN, Ferdinand, San Jose, 
Costa Rica (through T. E. Snyder) : 
Specimen of fungus (92971) ; plant 
from Costa Rica (94088). 

NEWELL, Mrs. Ellen M., Coconut 
Grove, Fla. : Moth from Florida 

NEWTON, A. J., Rochester, N. Y. : 3 
rotary photogravure prints in color, 
made by the Sun Engraving Co., 
Watford, England (94113) ; 12 speci- 
mens of rotary photogravure work of 
the Sun Engraving Co., of Watford, 
England, comprising 1 set of progres- 
sive proofs in 3 colors, and a set of 
progressive proofs in 4 colors 

Bronx Park, New York City: 126 
plants (92404, 92427, 92786, 93945, 
93952, 94255, 94513, 94514, 94710, 
94759, 94765, 94966, 96287, 96610) ; 
plant from Kentucky (92424) ; 2 
photographs of plants (92431) ; 12 
plants from the West Indies 
(92779) ; photograph of type sheet 
of a plant (93246) ; 79 plants from 
Florida (93474, 93491, 93501, 93622) ; 
5 fragmentary specimens and 1 
photograph of plants (93524) ; 7 
specimens and 2 photographs of 
plants (93930) ; 11 ferns from Cuba 
(94221) ; 2 photographs of plants 
(94364) ; 9 ferns from Porto Rico 
(96489) ; 2 ferns from Cuba (96977), 



Geneva, N. Y. (through Hugh Glas- 
gow) : Fly (adult and puparium) 

bany, N. Y.: (Through Dr. E. P. 
Felt) 4 flies from Allegany State 
Park (93592) ; (through Dr. Rudolf 
Ruedemann) fossil foraminifera and 
ostracoda from European localities 
(96644, exchange). 

NICE, Mrs. Margaret M., Norman, 
Okla. : 17 ferns from Oklahoma 
(932S6, exchange). 

NICEFORO MARIA, Brother. (See 
under Instituto de la Salle, Bogota, 

NIEDER, Charles P., Miami, Fla. : 
2 insects from Florida (96666). 

NIELSEN, Dr. K. Brunnich, (See 
under Universitetets Zoologiska Mu- 
seum, Copenhagen, Denmark.) 

NIEMEYER, Miss Ernestine H., Bar- 
ranquilla, Colombia : 66 plants from 
Colombia (94253). 

NORDFELDT, B. J. O., Sante Fe, 
N. Mex. : 70 etchings, drypoints, and 
wood-block prints in color, for spe- 
cial exhibition of his work from 
November 27, 1926, to January 2, 
1927 (94249). 

C. : (through C. S. Brimley) 6 flies 
(92269), 14 flies from North Caro- 
lina (94123) ; (through M. C. Van 
Duzee) 6 flies, types of 5 species, 
described by Mr. Van Duzee 
(95339) ; (through J. C. Crawford) 
23 named bees and wasps, including 
11 species, 2 of which are represent- 
ed by types (95531, exchange). 

OF, Department of Botany, Chapel 
Hill, N. 0. : 20 specimens of fungi, 
chiefly type material (93502, ex- 

COLLEGE, Denton, Tex. (through 
Prof. B. B. Harris) : 8 insects from 
Texas (92982). 

NORTON CO., THE, Worcester, 
Mass.: An exhibit visualizing the 
manufacture of Alundum (artificial 
abrasive), grinding wheels, and 
refractories, consisting of 67 num- 
bered specimens, 9 sketches and a 
model of an Alundum electric fur- 
nace (96870). 
NOWICKY, S., Prague II, Czecho- 
slovakia (through A. B. Gahan) : 
96 chalcid-flies, including 5 named 
species (92985, exchange). 
NUNEZ-TOVAR, Dr. M., Maracay, 
j Bstado Aragua, Venezuela: 1,400 
insects from South America (93376, 
exchange) : (through Dr. H. G. 
Dyar) 1,500 specimens of mosquitoes 
(93620, 94546, exchange) ; 8 flies 
from South America (94206). 
j lumbus, Ohio: Mounted sample of 
1 prehistoric cloth from Seip Mound 
I No. 2, Bainbridge, Ross County, Ohio 
I (94097). 

i OHSHIMA, Dr. Hiroshi, Fukuoka, 
; Japan : 13 specimens of a commensal 
I crab (95542) ; 34 specimens of crabs 
I collected by the donor in Tapes 
I shells at the shore of Nishi-Park of 
i Fukuoka (96310). 
man, Okla. (through Dr. A. I. Or- 
tenburger) : Soft-shelled turtle 
(89556) ; 22 turtles from Oklahoma 
OLDROYD, Mrs. Ida S. (See under 
Stanford University, department of 
geology and mineralogy.) 
OLDROYD, T. S., Stanford University,- 
Calif. : Approximately 200 specimens 
of fingers of fossil Crustacea (95943). 
ORCUTT, C. R., San Diego, Calif.. 4 
specimens of living plants from 
Texas ; also a turtle, mammal skull, 
insects and shells (92384) ; approxi- 
mately 950 moUusks, insects, plants, 
2 crabs, and an archeological speci- 
men from Texas, Mexico, and New 
Mexico (92624) ; 55 plants from the 
United States (92766) ; 50 land 
shells from a tributary of the 



ORCUTT, O. R.— Continued. 
Puerco River, Ariz. (93461) ; plant 
(93537) ; 3 plants from California 
(93614) ; 3 specimens of marine in- 
vertebrates (95355) ; 1 starfish and 
1 sea-urchin (95405) ; 2 crabs 
(95619) ; crab and beetle (95644) ; 
crabs, isopods, and bottom samples, 
mummified bird, and fragments of a 
lizard sheU (96601). 

LEGE, Corvallis, Oreg. (through H. 
A. Scullen) : 5 specimens of pinno- 
therid crabs (93210) ; (through 
Joseph Wilcox) 17 specimens of fiies 
(94205, 94977, 95408). 

Prof. E. L. Packard) : 6 specimens 
of fossil crab material (94937). 

ORTEGA, Sr, Ing. Jestts G., Mazatlan, 
Sinaloa, Mexico : 102 Mexican plants 
and 45 wood specimens (92395) ; 150 
plants from Mexico (94640) ; 3 photo- 
graphs of plants (95125) ; 150 plants 
from Mexico and a photograph of a 
plant (95140). 

ORTENBURGER, Dr. A. I., Norman, 
Okla. : 48 plants from Oklahoma 
(See also under Oklahoma, Uni- 
versity of.) 

OSBORN, Mrs. Henry Faibfield. ( See 
under Madame Marius de Brabant.) 

OVER, Prof. W. H. ( See under South 
Dakota, University of.) 

PACIFIC MILLS, Lawrence, Mass. 
(through Lawrence and Company) : 
15 samples of printed cotton goods 

PACK, Heebebt J. (See under Utah 
Agricultural College.) 

PACKARD, Prof. E. L. (See under 
Oregon, University of.) 

PAHNKE, RiOHABD J., Washington, 
D. C. : Pair of Chinese shoes from 
the Philippine Islands ; pair of wood- 
en shoes from Germany; pair of 
paper twine shoes made and used in 
Germany during the World War, and 
a specimen of paper twine fabric 
from Germany (95630). 

kosh. Wis. : An African mahogany 
table with attached exhibit case 
(93295, exchange). 

PAINTER, Prof. R. H. (See under 
Kansas State Agricultural College.) 

PALMER, Ernest J., Webb City, Mo. : 
3 plants from Texas (92502). 

PALMER, Dr. Katheeine V. W., Itha- 
ca, N. Y. : Fossil crab (84181). 

PAMMEL, Prof. L. H. (See under 
Iowa State College.) 

PAMPANA, Dr. E. J., Andagoya, via 
Buenaventura, Colombia, South 
America : 20 snakes from Choco 
Province, San Juan River, Colombia 

ton, D. C. : 12 plant bulbs (94742, 

PARISH, S. B., Berkeley, Calif. : Plant 
from California (95537). 

PARKE, DAVIS & CO., Detroit, Mich. : 
6 medicinal substances made official 
in the United States Pharmacopoeia 
X (93279). 

PARKER, John L. (See under Pre- 
cancel Stamp Society.) 

PARKS, H. E. (See under California, 
University of.) 

PAUL, Rev. Brother, Colegio Biffi, 
Barranquilla, Columbia: 46 plants 

' from Columbia (93418). 

PAUL, Miss Pattla, Blumenau, Est. 
Sta. Catharina, Brazil: 2 specimens 
of fresh-water Crustacea collected by 
the donor (92853). 

PAYNE, Edward W., Springfield, 111.": 
Small lot of photographs of archeo- 
logical specimens in the Springfield 
Museum (94129). 

PAYSON, Edwin B. (See under 
Wyoming, University of.) 

PEARSON, Prof. Nathan E., Indian- 
apolis, Ind. : 4 specimens of fly 
larvae, parasitic on katydid, from 
Winona Lake, Ind. (95999). 

PEATTIE, Donald C, Rosslyn, Va. : 

32 plants collected in Morelos, 

Mexico, by Mr. Robert Redfield 


(See also under Robert Redfield.) 



PEIRSON, H. B. (See under Maine 
Forest Service, State of.) 

Cli'iu Tzu-yiian, director and Freer 
Gallery of Art) : 2 models of ancient 
Chinese war chariots based in part 
on fragments found at Hsin-chgng 
Hsien, 27 miles south of Chgng Chou. 
Honan Province (95540). 

PELLOUX, Prof. A., Genoa, Italy: 7 
specimens of minerals from Italy 
(95736, exchange). 

AGRICULTURE, Harrisburg, Pa. 
(through T. L. Guy ton) : 2 phyl- 
lopods collected by George E. Lester 
in Pennsylvania (90382) ; 10 speci- 
mens of insects (92959) ; (through 
A. B. Champlain) ; 3 flies (96919). 

Philadelphia, Pa. (through Dr. John 
W. Harshbarger) 15 plants (95734). 

PEPPER, J. O. (See under Clemson 
Agricultural College.) 

PERKINS, Mrs. Evelyn, Perkinsville, ■ 
Ariz.: Nearly complete skeleton of; 
a middle-aged male Pueblo Indian 
and a small lot of pottery fragments 

PERKINS, John U., Washington, D. 
C. : " Movee " motion-picture camera 
and projector (92450) ; 41 examples 
of rotary photogravure published ' 
about 1906 (96425). 

PERRY, CusTis A., Sanibel Island, 
Fla. : 4 specimens, 2 species, of mol- 
lusks from Sanibel Island, Fla. 

PERRY, Stxjaet H., Adrian, Mich.: 
A 30-gram fragment of the Seneca 
Township, Lenawee County. Mich., 
meteoric iron (95982). 

PERRYGO, W. M., Washington, D. C. : 
Gray squirrel from the District of 
Columbia (95403). 

PERSONS, C. E. (See under Stand- 
ard Oil Co. of California.) 

Cincinnait, Ohio : Display board of 
ammunition products (129 speci- 
mens) (96659). 

PETROCBLLI, Joseph, Brooklyn, N. 
Y. : 55 bromoil prints for special ex- 
hibition of his work during April 
and May, 1927 (95906, loan) ; 4 
bromoils — " At the door of the Mos- 
que," " Fakirs of the Sahara," " Ali 
Ben Hassan," and " Sunset in Flor- 
ence" (96918). 

Bureau of Science, Manila 
(through R. C. McGregor) : 16 
starfishes (93424) ; 310 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects 
from the Philippine Islands 
(94227) ; 28 skeletons, 20 species, 
of birds from the Philippines 
(94540, exchange) ; 182 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects, 
some sponges, and a vial of 
shells from the Philippine 
Islands (94630) ; 12 specimens 
Of miscellaneous insects from 
Laguimanoc (95115) ; 464 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects 
and 4 lots, 11 specimens, of 
shells from the Philippines 
(95651) ; 536 miscellaneous .in- 
sects from the Philippines 
Mass. (through Warren K. Moore- 
head) : 16 human skulls from burials 
in Hopkins ville, Ky. (97069). 
New York City : 11 examples of pho- 
togravure, the work of the donor 
PICKENS, A. L., Greenville^ S. C. : 3 
. salamanders, soft-shelled turtle and_ 
the lower pharyngeal of a drum fish, 

8 frogs and 5 salamanders, 2 snakes, 

9 frogs, and 3 salamanders, turtle, 
6 salamanders and one nematode, 
and 5 salamanders, all from South 
Carolina (92375, 93566, 94223, 95369, 
96296, 96876). 

PIERCE, Dr. W. Dwight, Washington, 
D. C. : Small collection of natural 
history material comprising 7 maiji- 
mals, 14 insects, 3 bird skins, and 
2 bird tongues, approximately 150 
specimens of land and fresh-water 



PIERCE, Dr. W. Dwight— Continued, 
shells (mostly slugs), 2 specimens 
of fishes ; also 3 human embryos 

PILGER, Dr. R. (See under Botan- 
ischer Garten und Museum, Berlin- 
Dahlem, Germany.) 

PILSBRY, Dr. H. A., Philadelphia, 
Pa.: 4 shells (paratypes) from Z;on 
Park, Utah (94363) ; 25 specimens, 
6 species, of land shells from New 
Mexico and Texas (95188). 

PING, C, Amoy, China : Approxi- 
mately 500 specimens of land, fresh- 
water, and marine shells from China 

PIRION, P. Anastase, Santiago, Chile, 
South America : 28 flies from South 
America (96639). 

PIRTLE, Capt. James J., United 
States Army. ( See under Dr. T. S. 

PITTIER, Dr. H., Caracas, Venezuela : 
9 specimens, 5 si>ecies, of fresh- 
water shells, including the types and 
3 paratypes of 2 new species of 
fresh-water mussels ; 173 plants ; 114 
miscellaneous insects, all from Vene- 
zuela (92555, 94382, 96975, 96664). 
(See also under Mayeul Grisol.) 

PLASSE, Geoeges, Paris, Fx'ance 
(through Ralph C. Smith, Washing- 
ton, D. C.) ; 2 progressive proofs of 
a sugar process etching (93243). 

PLATTS, Norman G., Fort Pierce, 
Fla. : 2 fishes, and 20 mosquitoes 
from Florida (95367, 96297). 

PLITT, Louis A. E., Hamilton, Balti- 
more, Md. : Photograph of a plant 
(95152, exchange). 

POHL% E. R. (See under Smithsonian 
Institution, National Museum, col- 
lected by members of the staff.) 

POLLARD, Mrs. Willard A., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Bow, quiver, and 7 
arrows of the Kiowa Indians, Okla- 

. homa (93571). 

fPOMONA COLLEGE, Claremont, 
Calif. (through Dr. Philip A. 
Munz) : 15 plants collected in Cali- 
fornia by Doctor Munz (93550, ex- 

POPENOE, C. H., Silver Spring, Md. : 
Bird (94584) ; bird representing a 
species new to the Museum collec- 
tions (94703) ; love bird (95388) ; 
black-cheeked love bird (95754) ; 
200 land and fresh-water shells from 
Kansas, and a lot of crustaceans 
(96623) ; 2 black- winged love birds 
(96912, 97071). 

PORTS, Pebcy L., Clarendon, Va. : 
Plant from Texas (95350). 

sets of specimen stamps, etc., in 
triplicate (4,849 specimens) received 
from the International Bureau of 
the Universal Postal Union, Berne, 
Switzerland (92689, 92974, 93178, 
93546, 93958, 94945, 95087, 95148, 
95945, 96185, 96906) ; 3 specimens 
each of the following United States 
postage stamps : Sesquicentennial 
commemorative stamp, 2-cent, issue 
of 1926 ; John Ericsson memorial 
stamp, 5-eent, issue of 1926 (6 speci- 
mens) (92525) ; a collection of 12 
stamps of the Republic of Panama 
(92668) ; Hungarian postage stamps 
issued 1913-1924 and received by 
the Post Ofiice Department from 
the postal administration of Hun- 
gary (59 specimens) (93061) ; 3 
specimens each of the following 
United States postage stamps : 
15-cent air-mail stamp, issue of 
1926 ; 2-cent Battle of White Plains 
commemorative stamp, issue of 1926 
(6 specimens) (94216) ; 3 speci- 
mens of the United States 20-cent 
air-mail stamp, issue of 1927 
(95680) ; one set, 21 specimens, of 
Philippine commemorative stamps 
Division of dead letters and dead 
parcel post: 84 pistols and re- 
volvers (96905). 

I'OTEZ, Henet, Paris, France: Pho- 
tograph of the airplane " Henry 
Potez," type 28, with which Captain 
Arrachart made the flight from 
Paris to Bassorah without landing 

POTTS, F. A., Fortuna, Porto Rico: 
Specimen of Porto Rican short- 
eared owl (96395). 



POWELL, J. W., Mesilla Park, N. 
Mex.: Plant (92783). 

PREBLE, Edwabd A., Washington, 
D. C. : Sponge (?) from a fresh- 
water pond. Rocky Point, Or eg., col- 
lected by Mr. Cone (94749). 

toona. Pa. (through John L. Parker, 
president) : 900 precanceled postage 
stamps (94247). 

PRIEST, Mrs. G. C, Key Largo, Fla. : 
Small collection of ground pearls 

ton, N. J. : 2 specimens of a Silurian 
fish (96939). 

PRIOR, Geobge T. (See under Brit- 
ish Government, British Museum 
(Natural History).) 

PROCTOR, John C, Washington, 
D. C: 10 family portraits (96252, 

ART GALLERY, Perth, Western 
Australia: Collection of approxi- 
mately 75 aboriginal specimens from 
Australia (94717, exchange). 

PUGH, F., Winnipeg, Manitoba: 41 
original photomicrographs of textile 
fibers taken in the laboratory of the 
Winnipeg Research Bureau (97099). 

Ind. (through Prof. J. J. Davis) : 
Type specimen of a beetle (93602). 

PURPUS, Dr. C. A., Huatusco, Vera 
Cruz, Mexico: 210 plants from 
Mexico (92612, 93216, 93235, 93417, 
93384, 93837, 94516, 94731, 94981, 
95113, 96005, 96303) : 4 plants 
(92643, exchange) ; seeds of a plant 

PURPUS, Dr. J. A., Darmstadt, Ger- 
many: 2 plants (92418, exchange). 

PUTNAM, Dr. H. A., Monrovia, Calif. : 
Insect (92589). 

RADCLIFFE, J. H,, Woodhaven, Long 
Island, N. Y. : 4 photographs entitled 
" Washington Elm," Cambridge, 
Mass. ; " Sulgrave Manor," Nor- 
hants, England; " Monticello," Vir- 
ginia and "Polo Pony" (93390). 

RAFAEL, Rev. Brother. (See under 
Colegio Biffi.) 

RAGAN, Mrs. Ada E., Osprey, Fla.: 
4 pottery fragments from Florida 

RANDALL, C. E., Bath, Jamaica: A 
rare and beautiful species of butter- 
fiy (93170) ; 2 plants from Jamaica 

RANDS, E. P., Portland, Oreg. : Ab- 
normal horn ? (91599). 

EANSIER, H. B., Manlius, N. Y. : 5 
plants from New York (92809). 

RANSOM, Frank T., Greenwood, 
Miss. : 1,300 Carboniferous fossils 
from Missouri (86357). 

RAYMENT, Tablton, Sandringham, 
Australia : 41 specimens, represent- 
ing 16 determined species, of Aus- 
tralian bees (94989, exchange). 

REAMER, Louis, Orange, N. J.: Ex- 
amples of 3 minerals from Madagas- 
car (96760, exchange). 

RECORD, Prof. Samuei. J. (See un- 
der Yale University, School of For- 
estry. ) 

REDFIELD, Robekt, Rosslyn, Va. 
(through Donald C. Peattie) : 31 
plants collected in Morelos, Mexico 

REDWOOD, Mrs. Francis T,, Balti- 
more, Md. : 2 swords of the Colonial 
period (92090). 

REED, Elmer, Juneau, Alaska: 19 
photographs of Eskimo (93148). 

REED, W. S., Sanibel, Fla.: Dried 
specimen of fish (92618). 

REESE, Miss Margaret D., Alexan- 
dria, Va. (through Dr. Edward T. 
Wherry) : 22 plants from Newfound- 
land (93579). 

REESIDE, John B., Jr., Washington, 
D. C. (See under Dr. J. E. HofC- 
meister, Prof. J, Harlan Johnson, , 
Maurice A. Rollot, and J. H. Sin- 
clair. ) 

REEVES, Capt. S. W., United States 
Army, Medical Corps, War Depart- 
ment, Washington, D. C. : 2 insects, 
and a large crab from Alaska 
(93600, 96925). 

REICHE, Dr. Carlos, Mexico, D. F., 
Mexico: 2 plants from Mexico 



REID, B. D., Washington, D. C. : 2 
skeletons of fishes from the Wash- 
ington market (95163.) 

REID, E. D., and 0. S. EAST, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 15 fishes from Chesa- 
peake Bay, Md. (93234). 

RBKO, Dr. Buis P., Mexico, D. F., 
Mexico: 238 plants from Mexico 
(94564, 95904, 96655, 97089). 

Bridgeport, Conn. : Display board of 
147 specimens of ammunition prod- 
ucts of the company (96658). 

RENTSCHLER, Dr. H. C. (See un- 
der Westinghouse Lamp Co.) 

AGRICULTURE, Kingston, R. I. 
(through A. E. Stene) : 2 larvae of 
insects (93201). 

RHODUS, HowABD J., Mexico, Mo. : 
Iron medal commemorating the sink- 
ing of the British steamship " Lusi- 
tania " by a German submarine, 
May, 1916 (94196). 

RICE, George S., Washington, D. C. : 
Slab of oak wood showing the town- 
ship and range figures in reverse 
from an overgrowth on the blazed 
face of a " witness tree," marking 
a corner of Ottumwa Township, 
Wapello County, Iowa, surveyed in 
1834 or 1835 (92433). 

RICHARZ, Prof. Stephen, Techny, 
111. : Specimen of the mineral 
magnalite from Oberpfalz, Bavaria 
RICHMOND, Dr. Charles W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 13 bird skins, repre- 
senting 8 genera and 10 species new 
to the Museum collections (96455) ; 
17 birds from Cold Spring, N. Y. 
(96803) ; 39 birds, mostly from 
South America, including 1 genu.s 
and 26 species new to the Museum 
RIDGWAY, Robert, Olney, 111.: Tree 

frog from Illinois (93483). 
RIVES, Miss Isabel, Washington, 
D. C. : 2 dresses and a bonnet of the 
period of the Civil War (96408). 
ROADS, Miss Katie M., Hiljsboro, 
Ohio: Plant (92425) ; 41 plants from 
Ohio (92530, 92818, 92972, 94104). 

BOBBINS, Benjamin H., Nashville, 
Tenn. : 2 specimens of chemicals for 
the Loeb Collection of Chemical 
Types (97632). 

ROBERTS, H. H., San Antonio, Tex. 
( through Interior Department, 
United States Geological Survey): 
Tooth and fragmentary bones of a 
three-toed horse (96458). 

Coronado Beach, Fla. : 2 specimens 
of worms collected at Coronado 
Beach, Fla., and 9 specimens of ma- 
rine invertebrates (92144, 96849). 

ROBINSON, Col. WiET, United States 
Army, West Point, N. Y. : Gecko, 
blind snake, 2 crabs, lizard, snake, 
3 spiders, moUusk, 2 hawk moths, 1 
ornithoptera, and 3 other moths, all 
from the Philippine Islands (93460, 
94570, 96299) ; red-tailed hawk, gos- 
hawk, red-tailed hawk, and 2 red- 
shouldered hawks, all from New 
York (93926, 95189, 95742) ; 3 gos- 
hawks and 2 red-tailed hawks from 
New Jersey (94102) osprey from 
Florida (94608). 

ROEBLING FUND, Smithsonian In- 
stitution : 4 examples of native iron 
from Buhl, near Weimar, Germany 
(89955) ;8 small diamond crystals 
of unusual form from Brazil 
(96078) ; (through Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs and William A. Light, 
superintendent Truxton Canon In- 
dian School and Agency, Valentine, 
Ariz.) : A 672-pound meteoric iron 
found by Dick Grover in the Walla- 
pai Indian Reservation, Arizona 
ROEBLING, John A., Bernardsville, 
N. J.: The Washington A. Roebling 
collection of minerals (93318). 
ROEBLING, Col. Washington A. 
(Fund), Smithsonian Institution: 
An iron meteorite from 10 miles 
northeast of Oakley, Cassia County, 
Idaho (91853) ; 1 lot of the mineral 
anauxite in cimolite from Bilin, Bo- 
hemia (93527) ; specimen of pur- 
purite (94212) ; 2 specimens of me- 
teoric irons, Campo del Cielo, Argen- 
tina, and Copiapo, Chile (94593) ; 



ROEBLING, Col. Washington A. — 
specimen of the mineral melonite 
from Cripple Creek, Colo., and 14 
specimens of minerals from Frank- 
lin Furnace, N. J. (95182). 

ROJAS, Sr. Prof. Rtjb^n Tokees, Car- 
tago, Costa Rica : 13 plants from 
Costa Rica (92428, 95384) ; a phas- 
mid (insect) (92474). 

ROLLER, Mrs. L. L., Muskogee, 
Okla. : 4 plants (94730, exchange). 

ROLLOT, Dr. Matjeice A., Bogota, Co- ; 
lumbia (through J. B. Reeside, jr.) :; 
Fossil tooth of a horse from Naza-| 
raith, near Bogota, Department of; 
Cundinamarca, Columbia (93266). : 

TION (INC.), New York City' 
(through Miss Giseia Westhoff, ; 
assistant secretary) : Model of the; 
proposed Roosevelt Memorial de- 
signed by John Russell Pope (94692, 

CIATION, THE, Lynn, Mass. 
(through E. E. Keevin, Director): 
Bronze statue of the dog " Ladle , 
Boy " by Bashka Paeff, cast from 
pennies contributed by the newsboys 
of the United States in memory of 
their friend, the late Warren Gama-, 

" iiel Harding (85459). 

ROOT, A. I., CO., Medina, Ohio, and 
C. P. Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, 111. : 
Glass and mahogany observation 
beehive (93380). 

ROOT, Henet J., Omaha, Nebr. : 
Mounted specimen of hybrid between 
mallard and pintail ducks (94244). 

ROSENBERG, E., Copenhagen, Den- 
mark (through Dr. A. G. Boving) : 
26 specimens of early stages of Euro- 
pean beetles, representing 11 spe- 
cies (94096). 

ROSS, LLEWECiYN, Eugene, Oreg. : 
Specimen of shrimp collected by the 
donor at Coos Bay, Oreg. (92802). 

ROST, E. C, Alhambra, Calif.: 2 
plants from Arizona (95633). 

ROTH, Dr. George B., Washington, 
D. C. : 16 old surgical instruments 
(92573, deposit) ; yourig Carolina 
chickadee, a nest and 4 young in 
alcohol (96780). 

ROUILLARD, C. M., Siquinala, Gua- 
temala, Central America : Small col- 
lection of insects, chiefly parasites 
on the migratory locust in Guate- 
mala (92990) ; 346 flies and 1 bee 
collected in Guatemala (96298). 

ROUNDY, P. v., Washington, D. C. 
Approximately 30 specimens of land 
and fresh-water shells from the 
vicinity of Ann Arbor, Mich. (93604). 

ROUTH, Joe, Tallevast, Fla. : Lime- 
stone arrowhead found in Manatee 
County, Fla., about 5 miles from 
Tallevast (92505). 

MINERALOGY, Toronto, Canada : 
12 mineral specimens and a polished 
slab of porphyritic syenite (95952, 

London, England : 201 pictorial pho- 
togTaphs (93138, loan). 

Edinburgh, Scotland (through P. H. 
Grimshaw) : 4 specimens of flies 
from Scotland (96246). 

ICA, THE, New York City: A col- 
lection of objects and photographs 
illustrating the manufacture and ap- 
plications of rubber (92988). 

RUDGE, WiiiiAM E., New York City : 
Unbound and unstitched copy of the 
four- volume work by Lawrence Park, 
entitled " Gilbert Stuart. An Illus- 
trated list of his works," printed by 
the donor (93171) ; 2 aquatone print- 
ing plates and 2 proofs therefrom 
(93496) ; 12 printed signs of the 
Zodiac called " A Series of Quaint 
Astronomical Nativity Folders" de- 
signed by Edna L. Freeman, and a 
book entitled " The Gospel of Saint 
Luke" (95507); 32 samples of . let- 
ter press printing and halftones in 
color (96420). 



RUEDEMANN, Dr. Rudolf. (See 
under New York State Museum.) 

RUNYON, Robert, Brownsville, Tex. : 
49 plants from Texas (92464, 92967, 
96800) ; photograph of a plant 

RUSSELL, Dr. F. F. (See under In- 
ternational Health Board of the 
Rockefeller Foundation, New York 

RUTH, Prof. AxBEaiT, Polytechnic, 
Tex. : 50 plants (93192, 93240, 93S31, 
94980, 96631, 97067) ; 10 plants from 
Texas (93476). 

RUTHERFORD, Mrs. Sophia L. 
(through the Washington Loan & 
Trust Co., Washington, D. C.) : A 
Duchess lace fan (94506, bequest). 

RYDER, Chaunoey F., New York 
City: ,33 dry points, 2 lead-jjencil 
drawings, 15 lithographs for special 
exhibition of his work (95404 loan) ; 
3 dry points and 1 lithograpli 

SAGEHORN, Feed, Stuarts Point, 
Calif.: 5 moUusks (95412). 

111. (through Hilary S. Jurica) : 
Beetle (94230). 

SALAS, Sr. Don .Jorge Garcia, Guate- 
mala, Central America : 21 plants 
from Guatemala (93247). 

(See also under Guatemala, Gov- 
ernment of.) 

SALMAN, K. A. (See under Salva- 
dor, Government of, Direccion Gen- 
eral de Agricultura. ) 

SALMONS, F. A., San Diego, Calif, 
(through Dr. W. T. Schaller) : 
Specimen of yellow spodumene from 
Pala Chief mine, Pala, Calif. 

SALT, George, Santa Marta, Colom- 
bia: 12 plants from Santa Marta, 
Colombia (96391). 

CULTURA, San Salvador, El Salva- 
dor, Central America : (Through K. 
A. Salman) 2 specimens of snout 
beetles, taken from a coffee tree in 
San Salvador (86073) ; (through Sr. 


Dr. Salvador Calderon) 10 plants 
from Salvador (92423), 3 plants 
from Central America (92775), 4 
plants from Salvador (93238), 10 
plants (94116), specimen of fungus 
and a plant photograph (96179). 

SAMUELS SON, Prof. G. (See under 
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseets Bota- 
niska Af delning, Stockholm, Sweden.) 

SANSOM, Frank, Joplin, Mo. (through 
Department of Commerce, Bureau of 
Mines) : Large specimens of sphaler- 
ite and galena, with accompanying 
chalcopyrite, from the Crutchfield 
mine, north of Joplin, Mo. (93276). 

SARGENT, D. L., Logan, Utah: 14 
amphipods (94339). 

SAUR, Belden C, Norwood, Ohio: 2 
plants (93415, exchange). 

SCALCO, Salvatorb. (See under Sal- 
vatore Fusco.) 

Chicago, 111. : An animated model of 
a forest fire (93950). 

SCHALLER, Dr. W. T., Washington, 
D. C. : Examples of the mineral 
romeite from Italy and Brazil 

(See also under William M. Bal- 
ling and F. A. Salmons.) 

SCHALLERT, Dr. P. O., Winston- 
Salem, N. C. : 33 plants from Tibet 

SCHAUS, Dr. William, Washington, 
D. C. : 10,000 moths from Incachaca, 
Bolivia (94987). 

SCHENCK, Hubert G., Stanford Uni- 
versity, Calif. : 6 specimens of fossil 
crab remains (95015). 

(See also under Stanford Univer- 

City ; 1 specimen each of 3 di*ugs to 
be used in an exhibit of official 
drugs added to the United States 
Pharmacopoeia X (9.2551). 

SCHLEMMER, Charles O., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio : 3 Ordovician trilobites 
(95871) ; 500 specimens of Silurian 
fossils from Centerville, Ohio 
(96492, exchange). 



SCHLESCH, Hans, Copenhagen, Den- 
mark : Approximately 350 specimens 
of shells from northern Europe and 
Greenland (94783). 

SCHMID, Edward S., Washington, 
D. C. : 3 birds (92574) ; 2 birds, a 
grosbeak from South America, and 
a cockatoo parrot from Australia 
(93946) ; specimen of Lilian's love- 
bird, representing a species new to 
the Museum collections (94112). 

SCHMIDT, Heineich, San Jos6, Costa 
Bica : 4 specimens of flies with 
puparia of three (95978). 

SCHMIDT, Prof. Peter, Leningrad 
Union of Socialistic Soviet Repub- 
lics in Europe: 8 fishes (93821, ex- 

SCHMITT, Dr. Waldo L. (See under 
Walter Rathbone Bacon Scholar- 

SCHOENBERGER, Paul, Belton, 
Mont.: 5 specimens of flies (96241). 

SCHOENBORN, Miss Theresa ¥., 
and William B. Schoenbobn, Wash- 
ington, D. 0. : 10,574 specimens of 
Lepidoptera from the eastern 
United States and Europe, being the 
collection of the late Henry F. 
Schoenborn, Washington, D. C. 

SCHOENBORN, William E. (See 
under Miss Theresa F. Schoenborn.) 

SCHRAMM, Rev. F. E., Nicaragua, 
Central America : 64 plants from 
Nicaragua (94217). 

SCHULZ, Miss Ellen D., San An- 
tonio, Tex. : 41 plants from Texas 

SCHWARZ, Sr Inq. Theo, Durango, 
Mexico: 2 plants (93935). 

SCOFIELD, John, Washington, D. C. : 
4 amphipods from a small brook in 
Georgetown, D. C. (93933). 

SCOTT, Dr. Alfred, Athens, Ga. : 
Specimen of chemical for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (97636). 

SCOTT, Capt. J. F. R., United States 
Army, Washington, D. C. : Necklace 
with 3 ancient human effigy wood 
carvings, coiled basket, and 9 photo- 
graphs, all of the Seri Indians, 
Calif. (93470). 

SCOTT, Dr. Will. (See under In- 
diana University.) 

SCULLEN, Prof. H. A. (See under 
Oregon Agricultural College), 

CO., Development Department, Sa- 
vannah, Ga. : 2 forest fire preventive 
placards (94561). 

SEIFRIZ, Dr. William, Philadelphia, 
Pa. : 5 photographs of plants (95414, 
exchange) . 

NOLD, New York City: 24 eight- 
eenth century French color prints, 
for special exhibition, from January 
3, to January 29, 1927 (91565, loan). 

SELLERS, Walter W., Washington, 
D. C. : Bone handled dirk owned by 
Henry C. Sellers, ship carpenter, 
during the Civil War (95750). 

SERPIERI, Madame Fernand, Ath- 
ens, Greece (through D. F. Hewett, 
Washington, D. C.) : Greek pottery 
lamp (92993). 

SBTCHELL, Prof. W. A., Berkeley, 
Calif.: 4 crinoids from the Tonga 
Islands (93395). 

SHANNON, Eael V., and James BENN, 
Washington, D. C. : 3 fishes from 
Oxen Run, Anacostia, Md. (96924). 

SITY, Department of Biology, Tsi- 
nan, China (through Arthur Paul 
Jacot) : Approximately 158 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous insects col- 
lected in China (92442). 

SHAW, T. H., Pacific Grove, Calif.: 
75 marine copepods from a small 
pool on the Bird Rock, Pacific Grove, 
collected by the donor (91690). 

SHEAR, Dr. C. L., Washington, D. C. : 
Plant from West Virginia (92486, 
exchange) . 

SHEDD, Miss Helen S., Washington, 
D. C. : A small umbrella swift used 
for holding skeins of yarn (94131, 

SHENON, Phil., Oilman, Col.; Speci- 
men of the mineral mimetite from 
Bilboa Mine, Santa Ana, Zacatecas, 
Mexico (96283). 



SHERMAN, John D., Jr., Mount 
Vernon, N. Y. : 20,000 water beetles, 
representing approximately 400 
North American and 200 additional 
exotic species, including types, co- 
types, and parat3T)es of the Fall 
species (93603). 

SHINER, V. J., Laredo, Tex. : 9 plants 
from Texas (97083). 

SHOEMAKER, O. R., Washington, D. 
C. : Approximately 101 specimens of 
crustaceans (96471). 

SHOEMAKER, Ernest, Brooklyn, N. 
Y.: Very rare beetle (92640). 

SHRINBR, Ralph L., Geneva, N. Y. : 
2 specimens of chemicals for the 
Loeb collection of chemical types 

Bangkok, Siam (through Dr. Hugh 
M. Smith) : Manuscript of Buddhist 
scriptures on palm leaf strips 

SIMONDS, Prof. F. W. (See under 
Texas, University of) . 

SINCLAIR, J. H., New York City 
(through J. B. Reeside, jr.) : 100 
specimens of Cretaceous inverte- 
brates and 25 fish teeth and bones 
from eastern Ecuador (93267). 

SINE, Frank, Maurertown, Va. : 
Jumping mouse (96890). 

SIRRINB, Miss Emma F., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Plant (96453). 

SKEELS, H. C. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of. Bureau of 
Plant Industry). 

SLATER, Mrs. H. D., El Paso, Tex.: 
Plant from New Mexico (93606). 

SLAVIK, Petee, Prague, Czechoslova- 
kia : 2 examples of lead-silver ores 
showing vein structure, from Pri- 
bram (96230). 

SMITH, Mr. Albert C. (See under 
Smithsonian Institution, National 
Museum, collected by members of the 

SMITH, Mrs. Clarence M., San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. : 21 sun-baked fragments 
of pottery and 7 fired fragments of 
pottery found in a tomb near Heijo, 
Korea (95362). 

SMITH, ExEL, Alpena Pass, Ark.: 
Specimen of beetle (92835). 

SMITH, Dr. Frank, Urbana, 111.: 10 
earthworms, including the holotypes 
of 2 new species, together with 511 
miscroscopic slide mounts of serial 
sections of earthworms examined by 
Doctor Smith (92801). 

SMITH, Dr. Hugh M., Bangkok, Siam : 
25 specimens of Crustacea including 
the type of a parasitic copepod; a 
lot of mollusks ; an amphibian, some 
insects, and skin and skuU of a mam- 
mal, collected in Siam by the donor 
in the course of an investigation of 
the Siamese fisheries (90941) ; 949 
bird skins and 19 skeletons of 
birds, a collection of mammals, mol- 
lusks, 2 turtles, 2 bamboo bows, 4 
dried-clay balls used with string 
bow, all from Siam (92813) ; 9 
orthopterous insects from Siam 
(93285) ; 363 bird skins, 13 skeletons 
of birds, and 85 mammal skins and 
skulls from Siam (94971) ; reptiles, 
amphibians, insects, scorpions, 
spiders, mollusks, squids, crabs, 
shrimps, fishes, bats, and echino- 
derms from Siam (95528) ; 55 rep- 
tiles and amphibians from Siam 
(95675). (See also under Siamese 
National Library, Bangkok, Siam.) 

SMITH, John, Washington, D. C. : 
Starling from Washington, D. C. 

SMITH, Leslie M., Berkeley, Calif.: 
2 insects (paratypes) (96411). 

SMITH, Ralph C, Washington, D. C. : 
28 examples of modern French book- 
covers, bindings, and books, col- 
lected in Paris, France, in July, 
1926 (93289, loan). 

(See also under Georges Plasse.) 

SMITH, V. J. (See under West Texas 
Historical and Scientific Society.) 

SMITH, Williard James, jr.. Wash- 
ington, D. C. : Flying squirrel from 
Chain Bridge (94983). 

PEDITION : 55 bird skins, 4 eggs, 
2 nests, approximately 114 mam- 
mals and 2 shells from Tanganyika 



DITION— Continued. 
Territory, East Africa (95766) ; col- 
lection of reptiles and amphibians 
from Africa (96917). 

Etching, " Gloucester Fisherman," 
by Carl J. Nordell (deposit, 95510). 
Bureau of American Ethnology: 
Collection of archeological and 
skeletal material secured along 
the upper Columbia River, 
Wash., during the spring of 
1926 by Mr. Herbert W. Krieger 
(91522) ; skeleton of an Indian 
medcine-man, or shaman (less 
the skull), 2 femora of another 
shaman, and 2 bleached bones 
from the skeleton of a chief, all 
Tlinkit, of Alaska, collected by 
Dr. A. Hrdlicka (92528) ; an- 
thropological, geological, and 
biological material collected by 
Doctor Hrdlicka in Alaska dur- 
ing the summer of 1926 (93522) ; 
material collected during the 
summer of 1926 in Louisiana and 
Mississippi by Henry B. Colins, 
jr. (93607) ; small collection of 
shell beads and bracelets, and 
stone implements, obtained from 
the ruin of Las Trincheras in 
the Altar district of Sonora by 
S. A. Williams (7 specimens) 
(94202) ; archeological speci- 
mens from Arkansas, Colorado, 
Florida, Kentucky, and Tennes- 
see, secured by various collec- 
tors for the Bureau (94776) ; 
10 master records of Hopi In- 
dian songs recorded during the 
summer of 1926 at the Grand 
Canyon by Dr. J. Walter 
Fewkes, and 2 master records of 
a speech by William Jennings 
Bryan (95011) ; carved and 
painted wooden figure represent- 
ing a Hopi snake priest (95372) ; 
4 Indian crania from the Elden 
Pueblo, Ariz., and 2 from Monte- 
zuma Canyon, Colo. (96091) ; 
collection of archeological ob- 
jects gathered for the Bureau at 


Bureau of American Ethnology — 
Indian Mound, Tenn., by Dr. 
Walter Hough (96920) ; archeo- 
logical material collected for the 
Museum at Bldon Pueblo, Ariz., 
by Doctor Fewkes during the 
summer of 1926 (96921). 

National Museum, GOllectecL by 
memhers of the staff: Bassler, 
R. S. : Approximately 5,000 in- 
vertebrate fossils from the Pa,le- 
ozoic and Mesozoic rocks of 
Germany and the Cenozoic for- 
mations of France, including 
washings with microfossils from 
various classical localities 
(94219). Foshag, W. F. : Col- 
lection of minerals and. ores 
made in Mexico during the sum- 
mer of 1926, under the joint 
auspices of Harvard University 
and the United States National 
Museum ( 88820 ) . Gidley, J. W, : 
A palate with both upper teeth 
of a mammoth, with associated 
foot bones, and a lower jaw 
with one tooth and a few asso- 
ciated bones of an edentate, 
from Oklahoma (95462) ; mis- 
cellaneous bones and teeth of 
fossil elephant and smaller 
mammals from Sarasota and 
Zolfo Springs, Fla. (96663). 
Killip, E. P., and Albert C, 
Smith : 9,500 plants from Colom- 
bia (93342). Maxon, W. R. : 
11,000 specimens of plants, 
largely ferns, also a bat, a tree 
toad, birds eggs, and 2 wood 
specimens collected in Jamaica 
(92098) ; plant from Jamaica 
(92488). Merrill, George P.; 
Miscellaneous geological mate- 
rial from various European lo- 
calities (93194). Pohl, Erwin 
R. : Approximately 15,000 speci- 
mens of Middle and Upper De- 
vonian invertebrates and fossil 
plants from western New York 
and Ontario, Canada (92598). 



National Museum, collected ty 
members of the staff — Cooitd. 
Poole, A. ,T., and Remington, 
Kellogg : 22 skulls and 6 skele- 
tons ; also a collection of rep- 
tiles, batracMans, birds, mol- 
lusks, crustaceans, fishes and 
insects, all from Hatteras, N. C. 
(93079). Resser, Charles E., 
and Pohl, Erwin R. : 800 speci- 
mens of invertebrate fossils 
from the Devonian and Carbon- 
iferous, 5,000 from the Cambrian 
rocks of Montana and Utah, and 
500 from the Canadian of Utah 
(93539). Rose, J. N. : 25 speci- 
mens of algae collected in At- 
lantic City (93287) . Shoemaker, 
C. R. : 3,357 specimens of marine 
invertebrates, together with a 
small collection of corals, niol- 
lusks, echinoderms, insects, and 
fishes collected at the Dry Tor- 
tugas during July and August, 
1926, under the auspices of the 
Carnegie Marine Biological 
Laboratory (93400). Watkins, 
W. N. : 9 pieces ' of Am.erican 
elm wood (97100). 

(See also under Bradshaw H. 
Swales and A. Wetmore.) 

National Museum, ohtained 'by pur- 
chase: 100 specimens of plants 
from Trinidad (93839) ; a par- 
tial skeleton of a phytosaurian 
reptile from the Triassic near 
Lander, Wyo. (96235) ; 165 
plants from Missouri and Kan; 
sas (95901) ; 5 colored casts 
of finds of prehistoric man. 
(91572) ; cast of a fossil bird 
from the original in the British 
Museum (92564) ; 33 articles of 
Makah and other Indian handi- 
work (96074) ; 3 pieces of pot- 
tery excavated near Flagstaff, 
Ariz. (96665) ; fossil fish from 
Grayson County, Tex. (97104) ; 
16 casts of the lower jaws, etc., 
of the " krapina man " (96959) ; 
200 plants from Japan (96628) ; 

National Museum, obtained ty pur- 
chase — Continued. 
75 specimens of mosses (North 
American Musci Perfecti) Nos. 
1-75 (96416) ; 300 plants from 
northern California and south- 
ern Oregon (95625) ; 50 speci- 
mens of North American mosses 
(Musci Acrocarpi, Fascicles 24 
and 25 (92890, 96006) ; iron 
.spearhead and 3 coins, all Chi- 
nese (95173) ; 15 small mammal 
skins with .skulls (96942) ; 50 
specimens of lichens (Fascicles 
4 and 5, Lichenes Exsiccati) 
(93443, 95648) ; fossil squid 
from Kansas (95887) ; sheep- 
horn spoon from one of the pre- 
historic Supai houses in the 
Grand Canyon, Ariz. (94689) ; 2 
bronze copies of the Theodore 
Roosevelt distinguished service 
medal (92441) ; 12 reptiles and 
amphibians (92047) ; skeleton of 
a bird from Madagascar 
(96468) ; 408 bird skeletons from 
Tanganyika (96493) ; gavial 
skin (96926) ; 7 specimens com- 
prising fish and reptilian re- 
mains from the Niobrara Chalk 
(Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas 
(92560) ; skull of a turtle and 
f eagmentary turtle remains 
(95402) ; American military 
sword of the early part of the 
nineteenth century (93218). 
National Museum, made in the 
Museum Icioratorhes: 4 colored 
casts of a leaf-shape flint blade 
found on a ranch 5 miles north- 
east of Anchorage, Alaska, by 
W. G. Marsh (93489) ; cast of 
the type of a fossil bird 
(94592) ; 4 casts of a dark 
steatite bannerstone from near 
Roxboro, N. C, and 3 casts of 
a grayish steatite bowl found 
near Wilkesboro, N. C, the orig- 
inals of which were sent iu by 
the North Carolina State Mu- 
seum (Harry T. Davis) (94597). 



National Zoological Park: 15 birds 
(92465) ; 2 eggs of blue goose 
(92628) ; 6 birds (92953) ; skins 
and skeletons of a gazelle, 
hedgehog, Tasmanian devil, 
sloth, kangaroo, and an alcoholic 
specimen of a lemur (92986) ; 
4 birds (93449) ; 11 birds 
(93505) ; skin and skeleton of a 
lynx, skin and skeleton of a 
porcupine, and skin and skele- 
ton of an antelope (94511) ; 5 
bird eggs (94551) ; 77 birds, 6 
frogs, 21 lizards, 9 snakes, 27 
mammals, and 48 turtles, from 
British East Africa, Egypt, Cey- 
lon, and India, collected by 
the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expe- 
dition (94694) ; 5 birds (94938) 
32 birds (95541) ; 10 bird eggs 
(95627) ; 25 mammals (95905) 
10 mammals (96305) ; 10 mam 
mals (96611) ; 24 birds (96910) 
horseshoe crab collected by J. D 
Nowicki at Atlantic City, N. J 
(96914) ; 11 mammals (97096) 
13 mammals (97142). 
SNURE, RoBEET, Silver Spring, Md. 

Starling from Maryland (93448). 
SNYDER, T. E. ( See under Ferdinand 

TRA, Issy-les-Moulineaux (Seine), 
France : Photograph of the Nieuport- 
Delage airplane, model of 1924 
SOPER, H. P., Landover, Md. : Great 

horned owl (93225). 
Vermilion, S. Dak. (through Prof. 
W. H. Over) : 155 plants from South 
Dakota (94700). 
CO., Nev? Orleans, La. (through 
Percy Viosca, jr.) : 6 frogs and 2 
salamanders from Louisiana (95345) . 
velopment service, Washington, D. C. 
(thi'ough E. F. Kennedy, chief 
clerk) : Large bowl turned from 
curly yellow poplar wood (96759). 

SOUTHWORTH, Chaeles, Thedford, 
Ontario, Canada: 300 Devonian fos- 
sils from Ontario, Canada (94075). 

SOWERBY, Ahthue deC. ( See under 
Robert Sterling Clark.) 

SPRAGUE, T. A. (See under British 
Government, Royal Botanic Gar- 
dens. ) 

SQUIBB & SONS, E. R., New Bruns- 
wick, N. J. : 3 medicinal substances 
made oflacial in the United States 
Pharmacopoeia X (93464). 

STACHER, S. F., Crown Point, N. 
Mex. (through E. E. Merritt, Wash- 
ington, D. C.) : 4 photographs of old 
Navaho scouts (93488). 

STAHEL, Geeold. (See under Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, De- 
partment van den Landbouw.) 

NIA, San Francisco, Calif, (through 

C. B. Persons) : 2 photographs of a 
plant (95151). 

STANDLEY, Mrs. Florence A., Fort 
Myers, Fla. : Orchid and 2 plants 
from Florida (92776, 94490). 

STANDLEY, Paul C, Wcishington, 

D. C. : 200 plants from Florida, also 
a small collection of marine shells 
and a spider (95749). 

(See also under Dr. S. F. Blake.) 

University, Calif.: (through Mrs. 
Roxana S. Ferris) 101 plants from 
the Tres Marias Islands (92623, ex- 
change), 27 specimens of ferns from 
Mexico (94250, exchange), 3 photo- 
graphs of plants (94345, exchange) ; 
(through Mrs. Ida S. Oldroyd) 36 
specimens, 13 species of fossil crus- 
taceans described in Bulletin 138, 
United States National Museum 
(95753) ; (through Dr. H. G. 
Schenck) 4 specimens of fossil Crus- 
tacea from Oregon and California 

STANSCH, Cablos. (See under Mex- 
ico, Government of, Direcclon Fore- 
stal y de Casa y Pesca.) 

STANTON, Mrs. Stephen Beeeian, 
Washington, D. C. : Beaded cro- 

j cheted bag, about the late eighteenth 



STANTON, Mrs. Stephen Bebeian — 
century (94379) ; 5 pieces of pew- 
ter, consisting of a flagon, sirup 
pitclier, 2 plates, and a gravy bowl 
(96003) ; hand embroidered hand- 
kercbief with monogram, made in 
Switzerland ; 2 copper snuff boxes of 
Dutch make, and a condiment set 

STARR, Douglas N,, Washington, 
D. C. : 2 penis bones of wolves 
(93255) ; 2 canines of the saber- 
toothed tiger, a bison tooth and 5 
incisors of carnivores (94726), 

painting by Charles Bryant, entitled 
" The American Battle Fleet in 
Sydney Harbor," presented to the 
United States by the citizens of New 
South Wales (94590). 

(See also under Hubert Hardwick 
and O. Gaylord Marsh.) 

STEELE, E. S., Washington, D. G. : 
Collection of plants, chiefly com- 
positae, estimated at 1,000 speci- 
mens (97102). 

STENE, A. E. (See under Rhode 
Island State Board of Agriculture.) 

STEPHENS, Mrs. Kate, San Diego, 
Calif.: 31 specimens of fossil Crus- 
tacea (95877), 

STERNBERG, Geoege F,, Oakley, 
Kans. : Fossil bird bones (950S5). 

STEVENS, Miss Belle A., Friday Har- 
bor, Wash. : 6 hermit crabs, 3 
sponges, and 10 worms collected by 
the donor off Reed Rock, near Fri- 
day Harbor (92416) ; 3 Xanthid 
crabs collected by Miss Stevens at 
the northeast corner of Brown Is- 
land, Friday Harbor (94751) ; 10 
specimens of crustaceans (94985). 

STEVENS, J. P., Atlanta, Ga. : One of 
a limited number of watches made 
by the J, P. Stevens Watch Co., At- 
lanta, Ga., embodying the Stevens 
patented regulator (92531), 

STEVENSON, John A. (See under 
Agriculture, Department of, Bureau 
of Plant Industry), 

STEWART, M, A„ Washington, D, C. : 
Beetle and a larva from Chain 
Bridge, D. C, (96242), 

STIRLING, M, W„ Berkeley, Calif,: 
Collection of approximately 3451 
ethnological sx)ecimens secured by 
the Stirling Dutch-American expedi- 
tion to New Guinea in 1926 (87036). 

STOOKARD, Prof. A. H, (See under 
Wyoming, University of. ) 

PORATION, Stone Mountain, Ga,: 
A 5-inch cube of Stone Mountain 
granite (95395). 

STORY, Miss Isabelle F. (See under 
Union Pacific System.) 

STUDHALTBR, Prof. R. A., Lubbock, 
Texas : 175 plants from western 
Texas (92785). 

STURDEVANT, Glen E., Grand Can- 
yon, Ariz. : Plant from Arizona 

STURGEON, Sam, Gillette, Wyo. : 
Specimen of pseudoscorpion (96900). 

STURGES, Lee, Elmhurst, 111.: 55 
etchings for special exhibition of his 
work from March 28 to April 23, 
1927 (95659, loan) ; 4 etchings by 
the donor (96612). 

Watford, England: 10 examples of 
the " Pantone " method of preparing 
smooth metal plates for printing pic- 
tures (96180). 

SWALES, B, H., Washington, D, C, : 
Pair of birds from Madagascar 
(92629) ; skin of a hawk from Mada- 
gascar, a species new to the Mu- 
seum (92819) ; skin of a bird be- 
longing to a genus new to the Mu- 
seum collections (93503) ; skin of a 
starling from Assam, a subspecies 
new to the Museum collections 
(93937) ; 2 Arctic horned owls, and 
a hawk owl from Minnesota (94052) ; 
5 bird skins, chiefly from the Anda- 
man Islands, representing 4 species 
new to the Museum collections 
(94059) ; 100 bird skins from Brazil, 
including a genus new to the Mu- 
seum (94323) ; 2 skins of a tinamou 
from Ecuador (94346) ; 3 rough- 



SWALES, B. H.— Continued, 
legged hawks from Minnesota 
(944§5) ; 6 bird skins representing 5 
species new to the Museum collec- 
tions (94948) ; 5 bird skins, includ- 
ing 3 forms new to the Museum 
(94958) ; 25 bird skins, mostly from 
West Africa, representing 21 forms 
new to the Museum (95526) ; 21 bird 
skins from Argentina and Bolivia, 
including 2 forms new to the Mu- 
seum (95637) ; 5 bird skihs and 1 
skeleton from Madagascar, includ- 
ing a genus and 2 species new to 
the Museum (95755) ; 2 bird skins 
from Venezuela, including a genus 
new to the Museum (96393). 

Washington, D. G. : Natural history 
material comprising 6 bats, bones of 
4 species of extinct mammals, 206 
birds, 64 bird skeletons, 10 bird 
eggs, 1 bird nest, 9 lots of mol- 
lusks, 133 insects, 1 plant, 3 bees- 
wax candles, and the following- 
specimens in alcohol : 24 birds, 6 
bats, 3 snakes, 49 lizards, 10 frogs, 11 
fishes, 9 crabs, 2 lots of earthworms, 
and 2 scorpions, collected for the 
Museum by Dr. A. Wetmore in 
Haiti and Santo Domingo in the 
spring of 1927 (97353). 

SWARTZ, Capt. George W., Hunts- 
ville, Ala. : A " spin-ginner," a ma- 
chine for ginning, carding, and spin- 
ning cotton, made by J. & T. Pearce, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, about 1840 (95535). 

SWEET, A. T., Washington, D. C. : 60 
plants from Haiti (96417). 

SWETMANN, Elwtn, Seward, Alaska 
(through Dr. A. Hrdlic-ka) : 2 bas- 
kets and a basketry mat from Nuni- 
vak Island and an Attn fish basket 

SWOPE, Mrs. d. A., Grants Pass, 
Oreg. : Piece from old hand-woven 
coverlet in block pattern which, had 
been in the donor's famUy about 200 
years (95359). 

STDOW, H., Berlin, Germany: Plant 
from Costa Rica (95159). 

TABER, W. B., Jr., Kansas, 111.: 
Specimen of fly, a bird parasite, 
from red-tailed hawk (94251). 

TALBOT, M. W. (See under Agricul- 
ture, Department of. Bureau of 
Plant Industry.) 

New York City: A collection of 
specimens and photographs illustrat- 
ing the manufacture and applica- 
tions of leather (92989). 

TATE, Miss Lola, Washington, D. C: 
American costumes of the period of 
the Civil War (93161). 

TATE, W. J., Coinjock, N. C : Tooth 
of a small whale (92770) . 

TEISSEIRE, Prof. Augtjste, Colonia, 
Uruguay : Approximately 75 speci- 
mens of fresh-water bivalve shells 
from Uruguay (95361, 90303). 

TELL, William, Austin, Tex. : 5 
plants from Texas (96626). 

Tex.: (Through Prof. B. C. Tharp) 
78 plants from Mexico (93577) ; 
(through E. R. Bogusch) 490 plants 
from Texas (93934, 97065) ; 66 plants 
from Texas (94953) ; (through Dr. 
F. W. Simonds) a portion weighing 
1,405 grams of a meteoric stone 
from Florence, Williamson County, 
Tex. _(97()15, exchange). 

TPIAANUM, D., Honolulu, Hawaii: 61 
specimens, 26 species, of marine 
shells and 3 echinoderms collected in 
Japan by J. B. Langford (93605). 

THACKERY, Frank A., Indio, Calif. : 
Plant from California (95649). 

THARP, Prof. B. C. (See under 
Texas, University of.) 

THAXTER, Prof. Roland. (See under 
Harvard University, Cryptogamic 
Herbarium and Laboratories.) 

THELLUNG, Prof. A., Zurich, Swit- 
zerland: 2 plants (95343). 

THERIOT, I., Fontaine-la-Mallet par 
Montvilliers, France: 38 specimens 
of mosses collected in Mexif^o l)y 
Brother Amable (94724). 



THOMAS CO., Arthur H., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. : Specimen of chemical for 
the Loeb collection of chemical types 
THOMPSON, George A., Baltimore, 
Md. : An old quadrant used in 1792 
by an ancestor of the donor 
THORNTON, Charles W., Nome, 
Alaska : 8 plants from Alaska 
PORATION, Bacova, Va. : 20 speci- 
men boards of commercial woods of 
the United States (92422). 
TIMBERLAKB, P. H., Riverside, 
Calif. : 6 specimens of bees, repre- 
senting 3 species, 2 of which are 
represented by paratypes (94708). 
(See also under California Citrus 
Experiment Station, Riverside. 
TISDALB, Miss Carrie S., Washing- 
ton, D. C: A time globe (93248). 
TODD, Maj. M. L. (M. C), Browns- 
ville, Tex. : Skull, wing, and foot of 
a pigeon from Brownsville, Tex. 
TOLMAN, R. P., Washington, D. C. : 
Box camera for 4 by 5 plates, made 
by the Rochester Optical Co., about 
1890 (96647). 

Bureau of the Mint: Bronze medal 
commemorating the seventy- 
fifth anniversary of the found- 
ing of the Aztec Club of 1847 
(92394) ; bronze portrait of 
Alexander Hamilton, first Sec- 
retary of the United States 
Treasury (2 copies) (92448) ; 
81 medieval and modern Euro- 
pean coins (92556) ; United 
States gold, silver, nickel, and 
bronze coins struck, 1920-1926 
(43 specimens) (93468) ; 2 
specimens each of the five and 
ten cent nickel coins of Yunnan 
Province, China (95533). 
PuMic Health Service, Rosebank, 
Staten Island, N. Y. (through 
Dr. Carroll Fox) : 2 adults, 2 
69199—27 13 


Public Health Service — Continued, 
puparia, and 2 larvae of flies 

TREGO, Mrs. Elizabeth Y., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : 13 bird skins, 2 fishes, 
a collection of shells and an en- 
graved ivory utensil (Chinese) 

TREMOLERAS, Juan, Montevideo, 
Uruguay: 29 specimens of flies 
(90497, exchange). 

TZU-YUAN, CPI'IU. (See under Pek- 
ing, China, Government Historical 

ULKE, Titus, Washington, D. C. : 3 
plants from the District of Columbia 

ULRICH, Dr. E. O. (See under Prof. 
Johan Kiaer.) 

ULRICH, Dr. E. O., and H. D. MISER, 
Washington, D. C. : Specimen of fos- 
sil plant from 3 miles north of 
Springer, Okla. (96272). 

UMBSTAETTER, Robert J., Washing- 
ton, D. C. : Tibetan rosary called Go 
Mulla, composed of disks from the 
skull of a Lama, from Darjelling, 
India (94998). 

toria : 

Geological Survey: Series of 
South African platinum ores 
and additional rock specimens 

Nebr. (through Isabelle F. Story, 
editor. National Park Service) : 
Photograph of the Grand Canyon of 
the Colorado, Ariz., and a photo^ 
graph of Wall of Windows in Bryce 
Canyon, National Monument, Utah 

PRODUCTS CO., Chicago, III.: 
Eight ounces of photographic gela- 
tin used in the aquatone process 

Los Angeles, Calif. : Specimens show- 
ing 3 stages in the manufacture of 
" Woodkets," a recently developed 
fireplace fuel (94576). 



TION, (INC.), Philadelphia, Pa. 
(through Dr. E. Fullerton Cook, 
chairman, board of trustees) : Docu- 
ments concerning tlie lOtli Revision 
of the United States Pharmacopoeia 
MUSEUM, Copenhagen, Denmark; 
106 specimens of ferns from tropi- 
cal America (93619) ; 2 plants from 
Costa Rica (94738) ; 398 plants 
(95886) ; 28 plants from Cuba and 
Haiti, and 21 photographs of type 
specimens of Chinese ferns (95986). 

MUSEUM, Copenhagen, Denmark 
(through Dr. K. Brunnich Nielsen) : 
Washings from the Cretaceous of 
Denmark containing bryozoa and 
other fossils (95351, exchange). 

URBAN, Dr. I. (See under Botani- 
scher Garten und Musetim, Berlin- 
Dahlem, Germany.) 

Logan, Utah (through Mr. Herbert 
J. Pack) : 6 specimens of insects 
(Hemiptera) (92299) ; (through G. 
F. Knowlton) 42 insects from Utah 
(92975, 94350, 94356, 94699, 95758). 

City, Utah (through Prof. Asa A. L. 
Mathe^YS) : 12 specimens of Middle 
Cambrian fossils (94518). 

VAIL, Floyd, New York City : 50 pic- 
torial bromoils for special exhibition 
of his work from July 15 to October 
1, 1926 (92532, loan). 

VALERIO, Prof. Manuel, San Jose, 
Costa Rica, Central America: 56 
plants and 20 ferns from Costa 
Rica (94601, 96636) ; 16 specimens 
of ferns (96262) ; approximately 30 

; amphipbds (96617). 

VAN DUZEE, M. C. (See under 
North Ccirolina Department of Ag- 
riculture. ) 

VAN FOSSEN, Miss Ella N., EJsi- 
nore, Calif. : Specimen of ant lion 
representing, a rare species (92829). 

VAN TYNE, JossELYN, Ann Arbor, 
Mich. : 5 specimens of fly larvae, 
parasitic on birds, from Barro Col- 
orado Island, Canal Zone (93562). 
VAUGHAN, Miss C. B., Savannah, 
Ga.: Plant (96618). 

VAUGHAN, Prof. R. E., Royal College, 
Mauritius : 38 specimens of grasses 
and 30 ferns from Mauritius (92639, 

VAUGHAN, Dr. T. Watland, La Jolla, 
Calif. : Topotj^pes of a fossil coral 
from the Eocene of California 
(93153) ; a small collection of in- 
vertebrate fossils and a small shell 
from Japan (94739) ; 33 lots of mis-- 
cellaneous invertebrate fossils 

VAUPEL, E. H., Cincinnati, Ohio : 100 
specimens of Early Silurian fossils 
from southwestern Ohio (94725) ; 
260 specimens of rare Upper Ordo- 
vician and Early Silurian fossils 
from southwestern Ohio (95539) ; 
600 fossil invertebrates from the 
Early Silurian Brassfield formation 
at Centerville, Ohio (95981). 

VENICE CO., Venice; Fla. : Partial 
skeleton of a mammoth and miscel- 
laneous fossil teeth discovered by 
the Venice Co. during excavations 
made near Venice, Fla. (94003). 

VERRILL, Prof. A. E., Santa Bar- 
bara, Calif. : 12 specimens of marine 
mollusks from Kanai, Hawaii 

VILLADOLID, Deogracias V., Los 
Banos College, Laguna, P. I. 
(through Mrs. Agnes Chase, Wash- 
ington, D. C. ) : 16 parasitic copepods - 

VIOSCA, Percy, Jr. (See under 
Southern Biological Supply Co.) 

VOLWILER, Dr. E. H. (See under 
Abbott Laboratories.) 

VON ESCHEN, Prof. F., Salem, Oreg. : 
3 shells from Neskowin, Oreg. 

WAINWRIGHT, Mrs. Richaed, Wash- 
ington, D. C. : 24 specimens of Indian 
basketry, potterj^ and stonework 



WAKEMAN, James M., East Orauge, 
N. J. : Babylonian cylinder seal of 
steatite (05133). 

WALCOTT, Dr. Chaelbs D. (See 
under C. A. Cofiin.) 

WALCOTT, Mrs. Chaeles D., TVash- 
ingtou, D. C. : "Wooden holy water 
vessel used by the Greek Orthodox 
Church .in Constantinople (92797) ; 
lot of pottery fragments collected 
March 12, 1926, by the donor from 
shell heaps about 5 miles from Beau- 
fort, S. C. (94777) ; 4 examples of 
wax resist dyeing, or batik, made by 
Sie King Goan, Solosche Batikkug, 
Solo, Java (86270). 

WALES, George C, Brookline, Mass. : 
A set of 6 .specimens showing the 
donor's method of making a lithe- 
graph in two printings (96866). 

WALKER, E. P., Juneau, Alaska: 2 
porpoise skulls, a young porpoise, 
and fragments of a whale skull, all 
from Alaska (96980). 

WALTER, Mrs. A., Aurora, 111.: Pair 
of shoes for a foot-bound Chines€i 
woman (95629). 

SCHOLARSHIP, Smithsonian Insti- 
tution (through Dr. Waldo L. 
Schmitt, Bacon scholar, 1925-1927) : 
Natural history material comprising 
579 crustaceans, 20 annelid worms, 
bryozoans, a sponge, 2 ascidians, 2 
bottom samples, 2 tow-net samples. 
11 water samples, a few dry echino- 
derms, a small collection of mol- 
lusks, 4 fishes, 1 turtle, and 3 frogs, 
collected in Brazil, Uruguay, and 
Argentina (92491) ; also a compre- 
hensive collection of marine inverte- 
brates, approximately 6,092 speci- 
mens, comprising Crustacea, coelen- 
terates and annelid worms collected 
by Doctor Schmitt on the west coast 
of South America (93322). 

WALTHER, Eric, San Francisco, 
Calif.: 4 plants (96302, 96908, 

WALTON, C. Peterhead, South Aus- 
tralia : 48 land shells from islands in 
Torres Strait, North Australia 


Office of tJie Adjutant General: 3 
certificates concerning the award 
of the distinguished service cross 
to Pvt. Frank Arkman, Sergt. 
Carl C. Carter, and Sergt. Ed- 
ward G. Mason, United States 
Armj', in recognition of special 
services during the World War 
Army Air Corps: 3 photographs 
illustrating the Air Corps good 
v/ill South American flight 
Ordnance, Office of the Chief of: 
Captured German artillery ma- 
terial (20 pieces) (84269) ; 8 
United States Armj'' rifles 
Quartermasters Corps, Office of the 
Chief of: British, French, and 
German radio equipment of the 
period of the World War (73 
specimens ) ( 91551 ) . 
WARD, Melbourne, Sydney, New 
South Wales, Australia : 168 speci- 
mens of crustaceans, and 1 fish col- 
lected by Mr. Ward on the coast of 
New South Wales (92800, ex- 
change) ; crab (95190). 
TABLISHMENT, Rochester, N. Y. : 
Approximately 5,000 invertebrate 
fossils from various European Paleo- 
zoic and Mesozoic formations (94130, 
exchange) ; specimen of a Jurassic 
ammonite from Wyoming (95014) ; 
250 specimens of invertebrates from 
the Warsaw and Knobstone groups 
of Indiana (95893, exchange) ; col- 
lection consisting of ostracods aiid 
bryozoa from the Eocene of southern 
Germany (95895, exchange). 

(See also under British Govern- 
ment, British Museum (Natural 
History. ) 
WARFORD, Harky A., Philadelphia, 
Pa. : Specimen of the mineral andra- 
dite from Franklin Furnace, N. J. 
(98802, exchange). 
THE. (See under Mrs. Sophia L. 
Rutherford. ) 




department of geology, Seattle, 
Wash, (thro-igh Prof. 0. E. 
Weaver) : 6 specimens of fossil 
Crustacea from Washington (95000). 

WATEESTON, Dr. J. (See under 
British Government, British Museum 
(Natural History). 

WATKINS, J. T., Lakeport, Calif.: 
Finely Vfoven Attu basket from the 
Aleutian Islands (96972, exchange.) 

WATKINS, Mrs. M. J., Taylor, Pa.: 
2 small pieces of pear wood grown 
in Susquehanna County, Pa. (92867.) 

WEATHBRBY, C. A., East Hartford, 
Conn. : 115 plants from Connecticut 

(See also under Walter Deane.) 

WEAVER, Prof. 0. E. (See under 
Washington, University of, depart- 
ment of geology, Seattle, Wash.) 

WEAVER, Robert D., Washington, 
D. C. : Plate with eagle and shield in 
colors made in Philadelphia before 
1800 (95012). 

WEBB, Rev. Chakles W., Osprey, 
Fla. : 4 specimens of dragon fly 
nymphs from Florida (94785). 

WEGENER, H. M., Los Angeles, 
Calif. : 8 specimens and 5 photo- 
graphs of plants (92852, 93838). 

WEHLE, Hauky, New York City. 
(See under Metropolitan Museum of 

WEIR, Dr. J. R. (See under Prof. 
F. L. Herrera.) 

WELLS, R. C, Washington, D. C. : 
Small collection of minerals ob- 
tained by the donor in the Hawaiian 
Islands (94973). 

WELLS, Wayne W., Ashland, Oreg. : 
14 specimens of crabs and a marine 
annelid from San Juan Island, Wash. 

WBNDAL, Harry, Washington, D. C. : 
Bald eagle from Maryland (93504). 

WENTWORTH, Beeteand H., Gar- 
diner, Me. : 3 pictorial bromides 

Alton, 111. : Display board of ammu- 
nition products (165 specimens) 

WESTHOFF, Miss Gisela. (See un- 
der Roosevelt Memorial Association 

department, Bloomfield, N. J. 
(through Dr. H. C. Rentschler) : 
Specimen of chemical for the Loeb 
collection of chemical types (97635). 

(through V. J. Smith) : 2 adult In- 
dian skulls, one male and the other 
female, from Texas (96641). 

Utah (through Victor O. Heikes) : 
Specimen of tlie lead carbonate ore, 
cerussite, from the property of the 
West Toledo Mining Co. at Alta 
(94005) ; a 40-pound specimen of 
cerussite from the property of the 
West Toledo Mining Co. at Alta 

WETMORE, Dr. A., Washington, 
D. C. : 3 mammals and 8 birds, with 
one trunk skeleton, from Maryland 

(See also under B. H. Swales.) 

WHEELER, Prof. W. M., Forest Hills, 
Boston, Mass. : 8 specimens of flies 

WHERRY, Dr. Edgar T., Washington, 
D. C. : Ferh from the District of 
Columbia' (92888) : 6 plants (93931, 
94491) ; 3 plants frona the southern 
United States (94107) ; plant from 
Virginia (94115) ; 2 plants from the 
vicinity of Washington (94489). 
( See also under Miss Margaret D. 

WHITE, Mrs. Clarence H., New York 
City: 3 photographs by Clarence 
H. White, as follows : Self Portrait ; 
the Symbolism of Light, and The 
Tree Toad (97105). 

WHITFIELD, R. D., Houston, Miss.: 
Small lot of pottery fragments and 
an incomplete female Indian skele- 
ton (92892). 

WHITING, Mrs. William Macomb, 
Washington, D. C. : Part of the flag- 
staff of the Castle of San Juan'de 
Ulua, Vera Cruz, taken by the 
American Army, March 29, 1847 




Worcester, Mass. : An analysis' rug 
showing steps in the weaving of a 
Wilton rug (96243). 

WILCOX, Joseph. (See under Ore- 
gon Agricultural College.) 

WILLBY, Prof. Arthur, Montreal, 
Canada: 2 slides containing the 
types male and female of a copepod 

WILLIAMS COLLEGE, department of 
geology, Williamstown, Mass. : 1,060 
specimens of fossil invertebrates 
from the Devonian of Wisconsin, in- 
cluding types and original drawings 

WILLIAMS, Dr. F. X., Honolulu, 
Hawaii : 8 specimens of aculeate 
Hymenoptera, including paratypes 
of 5 species (96413). 

WILLIAMS, Lieut J. H., United 
States Army, Washington, D. C. : A 
Dutch silver dollar, issued by the 
Province of West Friesland, in 1598 

WILLIAMS, Samuel, Nevis, British 
West Indies: 37 shells from St. 
Kitts, British West Indies (92506). 

WILLIAMSON, Hon. William. (See 
under Miss Alice Hollow Horn 

WILLSIA, Miss Anna, Honesdale, 
Pa. : Cotton handkerchief bearing a 
printed facsimile of the Declaration 
of Independence (96187). 

cisco, Calif. : 3 esamples of fine book- 
making : Cupid and Psyche, copy No. 
38; William Caxton, copy No. 116; 
and Letter of Columbus to Luis de 
Santangel, copy No. 32; also a 
Christmas broadside, printed and 
designed by The Windsor Press, 1926 
(94347) ; book entitled "The Press 
of the Renaissance in Italy," by 
James S. Johnson, No. 23 of an edi- 
tion of 200 (96423). 

WINTERS, Fbe» E., Santa Barbara, 
Calif. : 32 specimens, representing 20 
species of beetles, belonging to the 
family Hydrophilidae (95162). 

WISMER, D. C, Hatfield, Pa. : A $40 
check on the bank of North America, 
dated November 26, 1791 (95657). 

AND BIOLOGY, Philadelphia, Pa. 
(through Dr. J. M. Greenman) : 
Toad from Borneo (93412, ex- 
change) . 

WITHERSPOON, Mrs. Thomas A., 
Washington, D. C. : 2 Joly trans- 
parencies and a parallax stereogram 

WOLARIK, John, Washington, D. C. : 
3 shells and 6 corals from Holly- 
wood, Fla. (93217). 

WOLCOTT, Dr. George N., Port au 
Prince, Haiti : 22 specimens of 
Haitian beetles representing 13 
species, 5 of which are represented 
by cotypes (93608). 

WOO, F. C, Ithaca, N. Y. : 4 specimensi 
of flies from China (95530). 

WOOD, Dr. Casey A., Colombo, Cey- 
lon : Specimen of flycatcher from the 
Fiji Islands, representing a species 
new to the Museum collection 
(94125) ; 6 skins and 5 skeletons of 
birds from the Fiji Islands (94498). 

WOOD, Dr. Horatio C. (See under 
Lippincott & Co., J. P.) 

WOODBURY, A. M. (See under 
Dixie College.) 

WOODRING, Dr. W. P. (See under 
Dr. H. G. Kugler, and Dr. C. A. Mat- 

WOODY, C. L. Baltimore, Md. : Speci- 
men of moth (93544.) 

WORCH, Hugo, Washington, D. C. : 
2 harpsichords in glass cases, one 
dated 1665 and the other 1690 
(93944) ; German square piano con- 
structed about 1765 (94056) ; 2 
square pianos made about 1810, one 
marked " G. Astor and Company," 
London, and the other made in 
Amsterdam (94098). 

WRAY, Mrs. Mabel L., Lawrence, 
Kans. : A bark cloth blanket from 
Uganda, A f r i c a , woven cotton 
blanket from Mandingos, West 
Africa, and a robe of skin, Zulu 
Kaffir, from South Africa (93582). 



WRIGHT, Mrs. D. E., "Wincliestei-, 
Va. : Fossil shark's tooth, a rubber 
ef^gy doll, and a pottery whistle 
WRIGHT, Dr. Stillman, Madison, 
Wis. : 2 copepods, holotype and para- 
type ; 4 copeiKids from Brazil and 
Philippine Islands (94067; 96184). 
WYATT, Miss Grace, Nashville, 
Tenn. : 2 specimens of blind fishes 
partment of Botany, Laramie, Wyo. : 
(through Mr. Edwin B. Payson) 
2 plants from Utah (95536, ex- 
change) ; (through Prof. A. H. 
Stockhard) 9 specimens of flies 

School of Forestry, New Plaven. 
Conn, (through Prof. Samuel J. 
Record) : 14 specimens of trees 
from Central America (91847) ; 
3 fragmentary specimens of 
plants (92398) ; 70 plants from 
British Honduras, collected by 
H. W. Winzeriing (92609, 
94058) ; 73 plants from British 
Honduras (93157, 93220, 93258, 
94210, 94721, 96462) ; 2 plants 
from Costa Rica (94060) ; 2 
plants from Guatemala, collect- 
ed by Mr. Kuylen (94117) ; 3 
plants (94508, 94509) ; 801 wood 
specimens, mostly from tropical 
America (95124, exchange) ; 246 
plants from Central America 
(95872) ; 25 plants from Gua- 


temala (96248) ; plant from 
Peru (96399) ; 88 plants from 
Panama and British Honduras 
(96782) ; plant from Honduras 
(96799) ; plant from Mexico 
Pea'body Museum of 'Natural His- 
tory (through Dr. C. O. Dun- 
bar) : 98 specimens of fossil 
crustaceans ( 95365 ) . 
YAO, L., Chusan, Chekiang, China: 12 

beetles from China (96933). 
ZANETTI, Col. J. Enrique, New York 
City : Specimen of chemical for the 
Loeb collection of chemical types 
ZETEK, J., Ancon, Canal Zone: Frag- 
ment of a celt found at Santa Maria 
River, San Francisco, Panama 
PORATION, Rochester, N. Y. 
(through Alton B. Carty) : En- 
graved Zinc-Oid Econo plate and 
print from it (95638). 
OF SCIENCES, Leinigrad, Union of 
Socialistic Soviet Republics in Eu- 
rope : 17 small mammals from Rus- 
sia (94982, exchange). 
Herts., England: Pair of blood 
pheasants from south Ohina (93965, 
ZUNDEL, George L., Pullman, Wash. : 
Plant (rust) from Washington 

YEAR 1926-27 


Report on the progress and condition of tlie United States National Museum for 
the year ending June 30, 1926. 

8vo., pp. i-ix, 1-205, frontispiece. 


Proceedings of the United States National Museum. Volume 67. 
8vo., pp. i-xix, 1-972, arts. 1-29, pis. 1-155, 86 figs. 


No. 134. Material culture of the people 
of southeastern Panama, 
based on specimens in the 
United States National Mu- 
seum. By Herbert W. 

8vo., pp. i-v, 1-141, pis. 1-37. 

No. 135. Life histories of North Ameri- 
can marsh birds. Orders 
Odontoglossae, Herodiones, 
and Paludicolae. By Ar- 
thur Cleveland Bent. 

8vo., pp. i-sii, 1-490, pis. 

No. 136. Handbook of the collection of 
musical instruments in the 
United States National Mu- 
seum. By Frances Dens- 

Svo., pp. i-iii, 1-164, pis. 1-49. 

No. 137. The collection of primitive 
weapons and armor of the 
Philippine Islands in the 
United States National Mu- 
seum. By Herbert W. 

8vo., pp. i-iii, 1-128, frontis- 
piece (map), pis. 1-21. 
No. 13S. The fossil stalk-eyed Crustacea 
of the Pacific slope of North 
America. By Mary J. Rath- 

8vo., pp. i— vii, 1-155, pis. 
1-39, 6 figs. 
No. 139. Fire as an agent in human 
culture. By Walter Hough. 
8vo., pp. i-xiv, 1-270, pis. 
No. 140. Bird parasites of the nema- 
tode suborders Strongylata, 
Ascaridata, and Spirurata. 
By Eloise B. Cram. 
8vo., pp. i-xvii, 1—465, 1-444 figs. 


Vol. 23. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. By Paul C. Standley. 
8vo., pp. i-cxxxi, 1-1721. 



From No. 100. Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and 
adjacent regions. 

Volume 2, Part 5. The shipworms of the Philippine Islands. By Paul Bartsch. 

8vo., pp. 533-562, pis. 53-60, 1 fig. 
Volume 6, Part 2. Additions to the polychaetous annelids collected by the United 
States Fisheries steamer Albatross, 1907-1910, including one new genus and 
three new species. By A. L. Treadwell. 8vo., pp. 183-193, 1-20 figs. 
Volume 6, Part 3. Report on the hydroida collected by the United States Fisheries 
steamer Albatross in the Philippine region, 1907-1910. By Charles C. Nutting. 
Svo., pp. 195-242, pis. 40-47. 




From Volume 22. — Contributions From The United States National Herbarium 

Part 10. The North American species of Scutellaria. By Emery 0. Leonard. 
8vo.. pp. i-viii, 703-748. 

From Volume 23. — Contributions From The United States National Herbarium 

Part 5. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. (Bignoniaceae-Asteraceae.) By Paul 
C. Standley. 
Svo., pp. i-il, 1313-1721. 

From Volume 24. — Contributions From The United States National Herbarium 

Part 8. The grasses of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. By A. S. Hitchcock. 
Svo., pp. l-xx, 291-556. 

From Volume 26. — Contributions From The United States National Herbarium 

Part 1. The Lecythidaceae of Central America. By H. Pittier. 
8vo., pp. i-v, 1-14, pis. 1-12. 

Part 2. The Piperaceae of Panama. By William Trelease. 
8vo., pp. l-viii, 15-50. 


No. 2630. The collection of ancient ori- 
ental seals in the United 
States National Museum. 
By I. M. Casanowicz. Art. 
4, pp. 1-23, pis. 1-20. 

No. 2631. Catalogue of human crania 
in the United States Na- 
tional Museum collections. 
The Algonkin and related 
Iroquois ; Siouan, Cad- 
doan, Salish and Sahaptin, 
Shoshonean, and Califor- 
nian Indians. By Ales 
Hrdli^ka; Art. 5, pp. 

No. 2632, A nevp sea star of the genus 
Evasterias. By W. K. 
Fisher. Art. 6, pp. 1-5, 
pis. 1-2. 

No. 2633. Descriptions of new reared 
parasitic Hymenoptera 
and some notes on synony- 
my. By C. F. W. Muese- 
beck. Art. 7, pp. 1-18. 

No. 2634. Crustaceans of the orders 
Euphausiacea and Mysida- 
cea from the western At- 
lantic. By Walter M. 
Tattersall. Art. 8, pp. 1- 
31, pis. 1-2. 

No. 2635. Review of the American Xyl- 
otine Syrphid - flies. By 
Raymond C. Shannon. Art. 
9, pp. 1-52, 

No. 2636. The North American two- 
winged flies of the family 
Simuliidae. By Harrison 
G. Dyar and Raymond C. 
Shannon. Art. 10, pp. 1-54, 
pis. 1-7. 

No. 2637. The Chrysotoxine Syrphid- 
flies. By Raymond C. 
Shannon. Art. 11, pp. 1-20, 
3 figs. 

No. 2638. New land and fresh-water 
mollusks from Central and 
South America. By Wil- 
liam B. Marshall. Art. 12, 
pp. 1-12, pis. 1-3. 

No. 2639. American two-winged flies of 
the genus Microphthalma 
Macquart, with notes on 
the related forms. By J. M. 
Aldrich. Art. 13, pp. 1-8.. 

No. 2640. Classification of the Chelios- 
tomatous bryozoa. By Fer- 
dinand Canu and Ray S. 
Bassler. Art. 14, pp. 1-42, 
pi. 1. 

No. 2641. Polychaetous annelids from 
Fiji, Samoa, China, and Ja- 
pan. By A. L. Treadwell. 
Art. 15, pp. 1-20, pis. 1-2. 

No. 2642. A revision of the parasitic 
wasps of the subfamily 
Braconinae occurring in 
America north of Mexico. 
By C. F. W. Muesebeck. 
Art. 16, pp. 1-73, pis. 1-2. 



No. 2643. Identity of Hallowell's snake 
genera Megalops and Aepi- 
dea. By Leonhard Stej- 
neger. Art. 17, pp. 1-3. 

No. 2644. Notes on the age of tlie con- 
tinental Triassic beds in 
North America, with re- 
marks on some fossil ver 
tebrates. By F. R. von 
Huene. Art. 18, pp. 1-10, 
figs. 1-8. 

No. 2645. Kentriodon pemix, a Miocene 
porpoise from Maryland. 
By Remington Kellogg. 
Art. 19, pp. 1-55, pis. 1-14, 
figs. 1-20. 

No. 2646. Additional new mollusks from 
Santa Elena Bay, Ecuador. 

By Paul Bartsch. Art. 20, 
pp. 1-20, pis. 1-3, 
No. 2647. Distributional notes on some 
neotropical bugs of the 
family Nabidae, with de- 
scription of a new species. 
By Halbert M. Harris. 
Art. 21, pp. 1-4. 

No. 2648. Descriptions of new and lit- 
tle known Diptera or two- 
winged flies. By J. M. Al- 
drich. Art. 22, pp. 1-26. 

No. 2649. Cymbidium, a new genus of 
Silurian pentameroid 
Brachiopods from Alaska. 
By Edwin Kirk. Art. 23, 
pp. 1-5, pi. 1. 


No. 2650. American wasps of the genus 
Sceliphron Klug. By Ben- 
net A. Porter. Art. 1, pp. 
1-22, pis. 1-4. 

No. 2651. Descriptions of larvae and 
pupae of two-winged flies 
belonging to the family 
Leptidae. By Charles T. 
Greene. Art. 2, pp. 1-20, 
pis. 1-3. 

No. 2652. A fossil palm fruit from the 
Middle Eocene of North- 
western Peru. By Edward 
W. Berry. Art. 3, pp. 1-4, 
pi. 1. 

No. 2653. New Urocoptid land shells 
from Mexico. By Paul 
Bartsch. Art. 4, pp. 1-13, 
pi. 1. 

No. 2654. A collection of birds from the 
Provinces of Yunnan and 
Szechwan, China, made for 
the National Geographic 
Society by Dr. Joseph F. 
Rock. By J. H. Riley. Art. 
5, pp. 1-70. 

No. 2655. Nematode eggs from the gill 
region of a shark, Carchar- 
hinus milberti. By G. A. 
MacCallum. Art. 6, pp. 
1-2, 1 fig. 

No. 2656. Notes on cestode parasites of 
birds. By Edwin Linton. 
Art. 7, pp. 1-73, pis. 1-15. 

No. 2657. Some braconid and chalcid 
flies from Formosa, para- 
sitic on aphids. By A. B. 
Gahan. Art. 8, pp. 1-7. 

No. 2658. A review of the South Amer- 
ican two-winged flies of 
the family Syrphidae. By 
Raymond C. Shannon. Art. 
9, pp. 1-84, pi. 1. 

No. 2659. On a collection of copepoda 
from Florida, with a de- 
scription of Diaptomus 
floridanus, new species. By 
C. Dwight Marsh. Art. 10, 
pp. 1-4, figs. 1-6. 

No. 2660. New west American marine 
mollusks. By Paul Bartsch. 
Art. 11, pp. 1-36, pis. 1-6. 

No. 2661, Tanaodon, a new molluscan 
genus from the Middle De- 
vonian of China. By Ed- 
win Kirk. Art. 12, pp. 1-4, 

No. 2662. Contribution to the anatomy 
of the Chinese finless por- 
poise, Neomeris phocae- 
uoides. By A. Brazier 
Howell. Art. 13, pp. 1-43, 
pi. 1, flgs. 1-14. 

No. 2663. A taxonomic and ecological 
review of the North Ameri- 
can chalcid-flies of the ge- 
nus Callimome. By L. L. 
Huber Art. 14, pp. 1-114, 
pis. 1-4. 



No. 2664. Generic names applied to 
birds during the years 1916 
to 1922, inclusive, with ad- 
ditions to Waterhouse's 
" Index Generum Avium." 
By Charles W. Richmond. 
Art. 15, pp. 1-44. 

No. 2665. Foraminifera of the genus 
Ehrenbergina and its spe- 
cies. By Joseph A. Cush- 
man. Art. 16, pp. 1-8, pis. 

No. 2666. Description of a new dragon 
fly from lower Siam be- 
longing to the genus Uro- 
themis. By F. F. Laidlaw. 
Art. 17, pp. 1-3, pi. 1. 

No. 2667. Small shells from dredglngs 
off the southeast coast of 
the United States by the 
United States Fisheries 
steamer Alhatross in 1885 
and 1886. By Y/illiam H. 
Dall. Art. 18, pp. 1-134. 

No. 2668. Diagnoses of undescribed 
new species of mollusks in 
the collection of the 

United States National 
Museum. By William 
Healey Dall. Art. 19, pp. 

No. 2669. The occurrence and proper- 
ties of Chlorophoenicite, a 
new arsenate from Frank- 
lin, N. J. By William 
F. Fosh9,g, Harry M. Ber- 
man, and Robert B. Gage. 
Art. 20, pp. 1-6, figs. 1-2. 

No. 2670. A stony meteorite from 
Forksville, Mecklenburg 
County, Va. By George 
P. Merrill. Art. 21, pp. 
1-4, pis. 1-3. 

No. 2671. Richmond faunal zones iii 
Warren and Clinton 
Counties, Ohio. By 
George M. Austin. Art. 
22, pp. 1-18. 

No. 2672. A revision of the beetles of 
the genus Oedionychis oc- 
curring in America north 
of Mexico. By Doris 
Holmes Blake. Art. 23, 
pp. 1^4, pis. 1-2, fig. 1. 


No. 2673. Description of a new species 
of fresh-water copepod of 
the genus Moraria from 
Canada. By Arthur Wil- 
ley. Art. 1, pp. 1-12, figs. 

No. 2674. The beetles of the family 
Cleridae collected on the 
Mulford Biological Ex- 
ploration of the Amazon 
Basin, 1921-1922. By 
Edward A. Chapin. Art. 
2, pp. 1-10. 

No. 2675. On a collection of orthop- 
teroid insects from Java 
made by Owen Bryant 
and Vfilliam Palmer in 
1909. By A. N. Caudell. 
Art. 3, pp. 1-42. 

No. 2676. Miscellaneous descriptions 
of new parasitic hymen- 
optera with some syn- 
onymical notes. By A. B. 
Gahan. Art. 4, pp. 1-39, 
pi. 3, figs. 1-3. 

No. 2677. A new parasitic nematode 
from an unknown species 
of bat. By Benjamin 
Schwartz. Art. 5, pp. 
1-4, figs. 1-4. 

No. 2678. A new genus and two new 
species of South American 
fresh-water mussels. By 
William B. Marshall. Art. 
6, pp. 1-4, pis. 1-2. 

No. 2679. Orthopteroid insects from the- 
Maritime Province of Si- 
beria. (On the insect 
fauna of the Maritime 
Province of Siberia.) By 
A. N. Caudell. Art. 7, pp. 
1-7, figs. 1-2. 

No. 2680. Larger foraminifera of the 
genus Lepidocyclina re- 
lated to Lepidocyclina man- 
telli. By T. WayMnd 
Vaughan. Art. 8, pp. 1-5, 
pis. 1-4. 



No. 2681. The digger wasps of North 
America of the genus Poda- 
lonia (Psammophila). By 
H. T. Fernald. Art. 9, pp. 
1-A2, pis. 1-2, figs. 1-4. 

No. 2682. Notes on fishes obtained in 

Sumatra, Java, and Tahiti. 

By Henry W. Fowler and 

Barton A. Bean. Art. 10, 

■ pp. 1-15, figs. 1-2. 

No. 2683. Notes on the Melitaeid but- 
terfly Euphydryas phaeton 

(Drury), with descriptions 
of a new subspecies and a 
new variety. By Austin H. 
Clark, Art. 11, pp. 1-22, 
pis. 1-5. 

No. 2684. Megachilid bees from Bolivia 
collected by the Mulford 
Biological Expedition, 
1921-1922. By T. D. A. 
Cockerell. Art. 12, pp 


Aldrich, J. M. 

American two-winged flies of the genus Microphttialma Macquart, with notes 
on related forms : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol, 69, art. 13, no. 2639, Oct. 15, 

1926, pp. 1-8. 

Descriptions of new and little known Diptera or two-winged flies : Proc. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 22, no. 2648, Dec. 27, 1926, pp. 1-26. 
A new species of Oedematocera reared from the tropical migratory locust 

(Diptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 1, Jan, 1927, pp. 17, 18. 
Notes on muscoid synonymy: Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc, vol. 22, no. 1, Feb. 

1927, pp. 18-25. 

Notes on the Dexiid genera Cordyligaster and Encordyligaster : Journ. 

Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 4, Feb. 19, 1927, pp. 84-86. 
Chiromyia oppidana Scopoli occurring in the United States (Diptera) : Ent. 

News, vol. 38, no. 3, Mar. 1927, p. 79. 

Alexander, Charles P. 

New or little known neartic species of Trichoceridae (Diptera) Pt. 1 : Can, 
Ent., vol. 59, no. 3, Mar. 1927, pp. 66-73, figs, 1, 2, 

Anaaral, Afranio do. 

Studies of neotropical Ophidia (5). Notes on Bothrops lanbergii and 
B. braehystoma: Bull. Antivenin Inst. America, vol. 1, no. 1, Mar. 1927, 
p. 22, 

Anthony, H, E. 
Two new rodents from Bolivia : Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 239, Dee. 4, 1926. 
pp. 1-3. 

Austin, George M. 

Richmond faunal zones in Warren and Clinton Counties, Ohio: Proc. U. S. 
Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 22, no. 2671, May 4, 1927, pp. 1-18. 

Bailey, Alfred M. 

A report on the birds of northwestern Alaska and regions adjacent to 

Bering Strait: Pt. 10, Condor, vol. 28, no. 4, July 15, 1926, pp. 165^170, 

figs. 46, 47. 
Notes on the birds of southeastern Alaska : Auk, vol 44, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 

1-23, pis. 1-3 ; vol. 44, no. 2, Apr., 1927, pp. 184-205, pis. 8, 9. 

Bangs, Outram. 
Atthis heloisa morcomi Ridgway, not a valid subspecies : Condor, vol. 29, no. 2, 
Mar. 15, 1927, pp. 118, 119. 

Barber, H. G. 

Notes on Coreidae in the collection of the United States National Museum 
with description of a new Catorhintha (Hemiptera-Heteroptera) : Journ. 
New York Ent. Soc, vol. 34, no. 2, June (Issued July 28), 1926, pp. 



Bartram, Edwin B. 

A short list of Panama mosses : Bryologist, vol. 29, no. 6, Nov., 1926, pp. 67, 68. 
Bartsch, Paul. 

New urocoptid land shells from Mexico : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, 

art. 4, no. 2653, Nov. 29, 1926, pp. 1-13, pi. 1. 
Additional new molltisks from Santa Elena Bay, Ecuador : Proc. U. S, 

Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 20, no. 2646, Dec. 16, 1926, pp. 1-20, pis. 1-3. 
Breeding experiments with cerions : Carnegie lust, of Washington, Year 

Book 25, 1925-26, pp. 237, 238. 
New west American marine mollusks: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70', art. 11, 

no. 2660, Apr. 8, 1927, pp. 1-86, pis. 1-6. 
The shipworms of the Philippine Islands : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 100, 

vol. 2, pt. 5, Apr. 28, 1927, pp. 533-562, pis. 53-60, fig. 1. 

Bassler, E,. S. 
Report on the department of geology : Annual Report U. S. National Museum, 

1926, Mar. 11, 1927, pp. 81-97. 

Explorations for microfossils in France and Germany : Smithsonian Misc. 
Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 29-35, figs. 35-40. 
(See also under Ferdinand Canu.) 

Bean, Barton A. (See under Henry W. Fowler and Barton A. Bean.) 
Bent, Arthur Cleveland. 
Life histories of North American marsh birds. Orders Odontoglossae, Hero- 

diones, and Paludicolae : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 135, "1926" (Mar. 11, 

1927), pp. i-xii, 1-490, pis. 1-98.^ 

Berman, Harry M. (See under William F. Foshag.) 
Berry, Edward W. 
A fossil palm fruit from the Middle Eocene of northwestern Peru : Proc. U. 
S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 3, no. 2652, Oct. 5, 1926, pp. 1-4, pi. 1. 

Bigelow, Henry B, 

Plankton of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine; Bull. U. S. Bur. 
Fish., vol. 40, pt. 2, no. 968, 1924, pp. 1-509, figs. 1-134. 

Blake, Doris Holmes. 
A revision of the beetles of the genus Oedionychis occurring -in America 
north of Mexico : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 23, no. 2672; Apr. 25, 

1927, pp. 1-44, pis. 1, 2. 

Blake, S. E. 
Notes on Disterigma : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 13, July 19, 

1926, pp. 361-365. 
A new Stylosanthes from British Honduras : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 39, July 30, 1926, pp. 51, 52. 
Note on " arboloco " : Trop. Woods, no. 7, Sept. 1, 1926, pp. 33, 34. 
Five new American Melampodiinae : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, 

no. 15, Sept. 19, 1926, pp. 418-422. 
Sericocarpus bif oliatus, an invalid name : Rhodora, vol. 28, no. 335, Nov., 

1926, pp. 209, 210. 
New names for five American Asteraceae : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol 

39, Dec. 27, 1926, p: 144. 


Blake, S. F. — Continued. 

Two genera of Asteraceae new to the United States : Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 39, Dec. 27, 1926, p. 145. 
Lennoa caerulea in Colombia : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, Dec. 27, 

1926, p. 146. 

New Asteraceae from Costa Kica : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 

3, Feb. 3, 1927, pp. 59-65, fig. 1. 
The section Diplostephioides of Aplopappus : Amer. Journ. Bot., vol. 14, no. 3, 

Mar., 1927, pp. 107-115. 
New South American species of Liabum : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 

17, no. 11, June 4, 1927, pp. 288-303. 
A new Hymenothrix from Arizona : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, 

June 30, 1927, pp. 49, 50. 
ywo new species of Securidaca from South America : Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 51-53. 

Bottimer, L. J. 
Notes on some Lepidoptera from Eastern Texas : Journ. Agric. Res., vol. 33, 
no. 9, Nov. 1, 1926, pp. 797-819, figs. 1-3. 

Bdving, Adam G. 
The immature stages of Psephenoides gahani Champ. ( Coleoptera : Dryo- 
pidae) : Trans. Ent. Soc. London, vol. 74, Dec, 1926, pp. 381-388, pis. 
89, 90. 
The larva of Nevermannia dorcatomoides Fisher with comments on the 
classification of the Auobiidae according to their larvae (Coleoptera: 
Anobiidae) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 3, Mar., 1927, pp. 
51-62, pi. 3. 

Britton, N. L. (See under Paul C. Standley.) 

and J. N. Rose. 

A new Albizzia of British Honduras : Tropical Woods, no. 8, Dec. 1, 1926, p. 7. 
Buchanan, L. L. 
A new Otiorhynchid with single tarsal claws (Coleoptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 28, no. 8, Nov., 1926, pp. 179-181, figs. 1-4. 
A short review of Notaris (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) : Bull. Brooklyn Ent. 

Soc, vol. 22, no. 1, Feb., 1927, pp. 36-39, pi. 3. 
A review of Panscopus (Coleoptera: Otiorhynchidae) : Proc. Ent. Soc Wash- 
ington, vol. 29, no. 2, Feb., 1927, pp. 25-36, pi. 2. 
Notes on some light-attracted beetles from Louisiana (Coleoptera) : Ent. 
News, vol. 38, no. 6, June, 1927, pp. 165-170, pi. 3. 

Bush, Benjamin Franklin. 
The glabrate species of Tilia : Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, vol. 54, no. 3, Mar., 

1927, pp. 231-248. 

Butts, Charles. 
The Paleozoic rocks [of Alabama] : Geology of Alabama, Geol. Surv. Alabama, 
Special Rep. no. 14, 1926, pp. 41-230, pis. 3-76, fig. 2. 

Canu, Ferdinand, and E. S. Bassler. 

Contribution a I'etude des Bryozoaires d'Autriche et de Hongrie : Bull. Soc. 

geol. de France, ser. 4, vol. 24, 1926, pp. 672-690, pis. 23-25. 
Classification of the cheilostomatous Bryozoa : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, 

art. 14, no. 2640, Apr. 9, 1927, pp. 1-42, pi. 1. 


Casanowicz, I. M. 
The collection of ancient Oriental seals in the United States National Mu- 
seum: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 4, no. 2630, Sept. 23, 1926, 
pp. 1-23, pis. 1-20. 

Caudell, A. N. 
On a collection of orthopeteroid insects from Java made by Owen Bryant and 
William Palmer in 1909 : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 71, art. 3, no. 2675, 
Apr. 23, 1927, pp. 1-42. 
Orthopteroid insects from the maritime province of Siberia (On the insect 
fauna of the Martime Province of Siberia) : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 
71, art. 7, no. 2679, May 21, 1927, pp. 1-7, figs. 1, 2. 

Chamberlin, T. S., and J. H. Tenhet. 
Cardiochiles nigriceps Vier. an important parasite of the tobacco bud worm 
Heliothis virescens Fab. : Journ. Agric. Res., vol. 33, no. 1, July 1, 1926, 
pp. 21-27, figs. 1-4. 

Chambers, Frank V. 
Exhibit of the Cleveland Photographic Society at the Smithsonian Institution, 
Washington, D. C. : The Camera, vol. 33, no. 5, Nov. 1926, (no text), 
5 illus. 

Chapin, Edward A. 

Southwellia ransomi new species : Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 

1926, pp. 29-33, figs. 1-3. 
Eustrongylides ignotus Jagersk. in the United States : Journ. Parasitol., 

vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, pp. 86, 87. 
Collyriclum faba (Brems.) and C. colei Ward not specifically distinct: 

Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, p. 90. 
A new Paederus ( Coleopt. : Staphylinidae) causing vesicular dermatitis in 

man: Arch. f. Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., Leipzig, vol. 30, no. 9, Sept., 1926, 

pp. 369-372. 
On some Coccinellidae of the tribe Telsimiini, with descriptions of new 

species : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, Dec. 27, 1926, pp. 129-134. 
On some Asiatic Cleridae (Coleoptera) : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, yol. 

40, Mar. 5, 1927, pp. 19-22. 
The beetles of the family Cleridae collected on the Mulford Biological 

Exploration of the Amazon Basin, 1921-1922: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

vol. 71, art. 2, no. 2674, Mar. 17, 1927, pp. 1-10, fig. 1. 
A new genus and species of Staphylinidae from Sze-Chuan, China : Proc. Biol. 

Soc. Washington, vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 75-78. 

Chapman, Frank M. 

Descriptions of new birds from Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil: Amer. 

Mus. Novitates, no. 231, Oct. 16, 1926, pp. 1-7. 
The distribution of bird life in Ecuador. A contribution to the study of 

the origin of Andean bird life : Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 55, 

1926, pp. i-xiv, 1-784, pis. 1-30, figs. 1-21. 
The variations and distribution of Saltator aurantiirostris : Amer. Mus. 

Novitates, no. 261, Mar. 28, 1927, pp. 1-19, figs. 1-8. 

Chase, Agnes. 
New grasses from Panama : Journ, Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no, 6, 
Mar, 19, 1927, pp. 142-147, figs, 1-4, 


Chittenden, F. H. 

A new and remarkably large species of Eupagoderes : Bull. Brooklyn Ent. 
Soc, vol. 21, no. 4, Oct., 1926, pp. 169, 170. 

Two new species of Attelabus with notes (Coleoptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 28, no. 7, Oct., 1926, pp. 162-165. 

Classification of the nut curculios (formerly Balaninus) of Boreal America: 
Ent. Americana, vol. 7 (n. s.) no. 3, Dec, 1926, pp. 129-191, pis. 12-19. 

Clark, Austin H. 

Our giant moths. Sci. Monthly, Nov. 1926, pp. 385-397, figs. 1-19. 

Carnivorous butterflies. Smithsonian Report for 1925, December 1926, Pub- 
lication 2856, pp. 439-508, figs. 1-5. 

The biological relationships of the land, the sea, and man. Science, vol. 65, 
No. 1680, Mar. 11, 1927, pp. 241-245. 

Notes on the melitaeid butterfly Euphydryas phaeton (Drury) with descrip- 
tions of a new subspecies and a new variety. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 
71, art. 11, no. 2683, Apr. 22, 1927, pp. 1-22, pis. 1-5. 

The present needs of science. " Hobbies " Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., vol. 8, no. 1, 
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Animals of Land and Sea [second edition, enlarged]. D. Van Nostrand Com- 
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The future balance of life. Sci. Monthly, June 1927, pp. 548-555 ; figs. 1-8. 

Claudy, C. H. 
The Floyd Vail Exhibit : The Camera, vol. 33, no. 3, Sept., 1926, pp. 166, 167. 
Royal Photographs: The Camera, vol. 34, no. 2, Feb. 1927, pp. 100, 101, 23 

Cochran, Doris M. 
A new pelobatid batrachian from Borneo : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., 

vol. 16, no. 16, Oct. 4, 1926, pp. 446, 447. 
A new genus of anguid lizards from Haiti: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 91, 92. 

Cockerel!, T. D. A. 

The genus Dixa in Colorado (Diptera: Dixidae) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 28, no. 7, Oct., 1926, p. 166. 

A new subspecies of Papilio paeon (Lepidoptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 29, no. 2, Feb., 1927, p. 48. 

Megachilid bees from Bolivia collected by the Mulford Biological Expedition, 
1921-1922 : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 71, art. 12. no, 2684, June 3, 1927, 
pp. 1-22. 

Coker, R. E. 

New genus of Darter from western North Carolina. Bull. TJ. S. Bur. Fish, 
vol. 42, Document no. 1004, pp. 105-108, fig. 1, 1926 (1927). 

Collins, Henry B., jr. 
The temporo-frontal articulation in man : Amer. Journ. Phys. Anthrop., vol. 

9, no. 8, July-Sept., 1926, pp. 343-348. 
Archeological work in Louisiana and Mississippi: Smithsonian Misc. Colls., 

vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, p. 200-207, figs. 198-204. 

69199—27 ^14 


Connolly, C. J. 

The location of nasion in the living: Amer. Journ. Phys. Anthrop., vol, 9, 
no. 3, July-Sept., 1926, pp. 349-353. 

Relation of the orbital plane to position of teeth : Amer. Journ. Phys. An- 
throp., vol. 10, no. 1, Jan.-Mar., 1927, pp. 71-78, fig. 1. 

Cook, O. F. 

A new genus of palms based on Kentia forsterianna : Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 14, Aug. 19, 1926, pp. 392-397. 
New genera and species of ivory palms from Colombia, Ecuador and Peru : 

Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 9, May 4, 1927, pp. 218-230. 

Cook, O. F., and J. W. Hubbard. 
New species of cotton plants from Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico : Journ. 

Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 12, June 19, 1926, pp. 333-339. 
New species of cotton from Colombia and Ecuador : Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 20, Dec. 3, 1926, pp. 545-552. 

Cosgrove, George F. 
Lumber exhibits in Smithsonian Institute : Hardwood Record, vol. 61, no. 
8, Aug. 10, 1926, p. 28. 

Coulter, John M., and J. W. Rose. 
Revision of the genus Myrrhidendron : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, 
no. 9, May 4, 1927, pp. 213-215. 

Coville, Frederick V. 
Buttermilk as a fertilizer for blueberries : Science, vol. 64, no. 1647, July 23, 

1926, pp. 94^-96, fig. 1. 
Olearia versus Shawia : Journ. Bot. Brit. & For., vol. 64, no. 763, July, 1926, 

pp. 193, 194. 

Cram, Eloise B. 
Redescription of Taenia krabbei moniez : Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, 

Sept. 1926, pp. 34^1, figs. 1-8. 
A parasitic disease of the esophagus of turkeys : North Amer. Vet., Chicago, 

vol. 7, no. 10, Oct., 1926, pp. 4&-48, figs. 1, 2. 
Nematodes of pathological significance found in economically important birds 

in North America : Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 3, Mar., 1927, p. 223. 
Bird parasites of the nematode sub-orders Strongylata, Ascaridata, and Spir- 

uata: Bull: U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 140, June 30, 1927, pp. i-xvii, 1-465, 

figs. 1-444. 

Crampton, G. C. 
The abdominal structures of the orthopteroid family Grylloblattidae and the 
relationships of the group: Pan-Pacific Bnt., vol. 3, no. 3, Jan., 1927, 
• pp. 115-134, figs. 1-10, text figs. a-6. 

Crawford, J. C. 
North American bees of the genus Panurginus : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 28, no. 9, Dec, 1926, pp. 207-214, pis. 12, 13. 

Curran, C. Howard. 

Descriptions of a new Canadian Diptera : Can. Bnt., vol. 58, no. 7, July, 1926, 

pp. 170-175; no. 9, Sept., 1926., pp. 211-218. 
The species of the Tachinid genera related to Lydella, as represented in the 

Canadian National Collection : Can. Ent., vol. 59, nO. 1, Jan. 1927, 

pp. 11-24. , 
Four new species of Volucella (Syrphidae, Dipt.") : Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc, 

vol. 22, no. 2, Apr., 1927, pp. 84-88. 


Cushman, Joseph A. 

Sporadogenerina, a degenerate foraminiferal genus : Contr. Cushman Lab. 

for Foram. Res., vol. 2, pt. 4, no. 37, Dee. 31, 1926, pp. 94, 95. 
Foraminifera of the genus Ehrenbergina and its species, Proc. IT. S. Nat. 

Mus., vol. 70, art. 16, no. 2665, Feb. 25, 1927, pp. 1-8, pis. 1, 2. 
An outline of a reclassification of the Foraminifera. Contr. Cushman Lab. 

for Foram. Res., vol. 3, pt. 1, Feb. 28, 1927, no. 39, pp. 1-105, pis. 1-21. 

and Reginald W. Harris. 

The significance of relative measurements in the study of Foraminifera : 
Contr. Cushman Lab. for Foram. Res., vol. 2, pt. 4, no. 36, Dec. 31, 1926, 
pp. 92-94. 

Notes on the genus Pleurostomella : Contr. Cushman Lab. for Foram. Res., 
vol. 3, pt. 2, no. 44, June 4, 1927, pp. 128-133. 

Cushman, R. A. 

New species and new forms of Ichneumonidae parasitic upon the gipsy-moth 

parasite, Apanteles melanoscelus (Ratzeburg) : Journ. Agric. Res., vol. 34, 

no. 5, Mar. 1, 1927, pp. 453-458. 
The parasites of the pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock) : Journ. 

Agric. Res., vol. 34, no. 7, Apr. 1, 1927, pp. 615-622, fig. 1. 
Three new hymenopterous parasites of the pine tip moth Rhyacionia frustrana 

(Comstock) : Journ. Agric. Res., vol. 34, no. 8, Apr. 15, 1927, pp. 739-741. 

Ball, William Healey. 
Diagnoses of undescribed new species of mollusks in the collection of the 

U. S. National Museum : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 19, no. 2668, 

Feb. 9, 1927, pp. 1-11 ; 
Small shells from dredgings off the southeast coast of the United States 

by the United States Fisheries Steamer " Albatross " in 1885 and 1886 : 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 18, no. 2667, Apr. 20, 1927, pp. 1-134. 

Davis, William T. 
New cicadas from California and Arizona Avith notes on several other species : 
Journ. New York Ent. Soc, vol. 34, no. 2, June 1926 (issued July 28, 
1927), pp. 177-190, pis. 21-23, 5 figs. 

Densmore, Frances. 
Handbook of the collection of musical instruments in the United States 
National Museum : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 136, May 26, 1927, pp. i-iii, 
1-164, pis. 1-49. 

Dickey, Donald R., and A. J. Van Rossem. 
A southern race of the fan-tailed warbler: Condor, vol. 28, no. 6, Nov. 15, 

1926, pp. 270, 271. 

Seven new birds from Salvador : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, Jan. 8, 

1927, pp. 1-7. 

The spotted rock wrens of Central America: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 40, Mar. 5, 1927, pp. 25-27. 

Diels, I/. 

Miscellanea sinensia II: Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, vol. 9, no. 89, Nov. 15, 
1926, pp. 1027-1033. 

Ding'le, Edward von S. 

Leach's petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) in South Carolina: Auk, vol. 44, 
no. 2, Apr., 1927, p. 244. 


Dodds, Cr. S. 

Entomostraca from the Panama Canal Zone with description of one new 
species: Occ. Papers Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., no. 174, June 10, 1926, pp. 
1-26, figs. 1-3. 

Dozier, H. L. 
A new Fulgorid from Porto Rico : Journ. New York Ent. Soc., vol. 35, no. 1, 
Mar., 1927, pp. 53, 54, figs. 1, 2. 

Dunn, E. R. 

The frogs of Jamaica: Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. His/t., vol. 38, no. 4, July, 
1926. pp. 111-130, pis. 1, 2. 

Additional frogs from Cuba: Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., vol. 5, July 
6, 1926, pp. 209-215. 

Hyla phaeocrypta in Tennessee: Copeia, no. 162, Jan.-Mar., 1927, p. 19. 

The salamanders of the Family Plethodontidae : Smith College Fiftieth Anni- 
versary Pubs., Northampton, Mass., 1926, pp. i-viii, 1-411, 2 pis., frontis- 
piece, figs. 1-86. 

Dyar, Harrison G. 

Three Psychodids from the Glacier National Park (Diptera, Psychodidae) : 
Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 7-9, July-Sept., 1926, pp. 103-106, pi. 1. 

Some apparently new American Psychodids (Diptera, Psychodidae) : Ins. 
Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 7-9, July-Sept., 1926, pp. 107-111. 

Notes on Panama mosquitoes (Diptera, Oulicidae) : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, 
nos. 7-9, July-Sept., 1926, pp. 111-114. 

New Lepidoptera from Mexico — I : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 7-9, July- 
Sept., 1926, pp. 140-148. 

A note in Psychodidae (Diptera) : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 7-9, July- 
Sept., 1926, pp. 148, 149. 

Note on Corethrella appendiculata Grabham (Diptera, Culicidae) : Ins. Ins. 
Mens., vol. 14, nos. 7-9, July-Sept., 1926, p. 150. 

Mosquito notes (Diptera, Culicidae) : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 10-12, 
Oct.-Dec., 1926, pp. 179-182. 

New Lepidoptera from Mexico — II : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 10-12, Oct.- 
Dec, 1926, pp. 183-187. 

Note on Aedes nearticus Dyar : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 10-12, Oct.-Dec., 
1926, pp. 190, 191. 

and Eiaymond C. Shannon. 

The North American two-winged flies of the family Simuliidae : Proc. U. S. 
Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 10, no. 2636, Feb. 25, 1927, pp. 1-54, pis. 1-7. 

and Nunez Tovar. 

Notes on biting flies from Venezuela (Diptera, Culcidae, Psychodidae) : 
Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nos. 10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1926, pp. 152-155. Adden- , 
dum p. 190. 

Epling, Carl Clawson. 

Studies on South American Labiatae. III. Synopsis of the genus Satureia: 
Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard., vol. 14, no. 1, June 8, 1927, pp. 47-86. 

Ewing, H. E. 

Descriptions of new genera and species of MaUophaga, together with keys to 
some related genera of Menoponidae and Philopteridae : Journ. Washing- 
ton Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 4, Feb. 19, 1927, pp. 86-96. 

A new flea from AlasTsa : Proc Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, June 30, 1927, 
pp. 89, 90. 


Fedde, F. 
Neue Arten von Corydalis aus China. XI: Rei)ert. Sp. Nov., vol. 22, nos. 

13-21, June 15, 1926, pp. 218-222. 
Neue Arten von Corydalis aus China. XII: Repert. Sp. Nov., vol. 23, nos. 
12-17, Dec. 10, 1926, pp. 180-182, pi. 37. 

Fernald, H. T. 
The digger wasps of North America of the genus Podalonia (Psammo- 
phUa) : Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., vol. 71, art. 9, no. 2681, May 21, 1927, 
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Fisher, W. K. 
A new sea star of the genus Evasterias. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 6, 
no. 2632, Dec. 16, 1926, pp. 1-5, pis. 1, 2. 

Fisher, W. S. 
A new Acmaeodera from Nevada infesting Purshia (Coleoptera Bupresti- 

dae) : Ent. News, vol. 37, Apr. 1926, pp. 114, 115. 
Fauna sumatrensis : Buprestidae : Ent. Mitteil., vol. 15, nos. 3, 4, July, 

1926, pp. 282-295. 

Fauna samarensis: Buprestidae: Philippine Journ. Sci., vol. 31, no. 2, 

Oct., 1926, pp. 235-244. 
New cactus beetles: Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 28, no. 9, Dec, 1926, 

pp. 214-217. 
A new cerambycid beetle from Colombia and Central America (Coleoptera) : 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 23, 24. 
A new genus and species of Coleoptera from a termite nest in Costa Rica 

(Family Anobiidae) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 3, Mar., 

1927, pp. 49, 50, figs. 1-3. 

Fauna sumatrensis: Cerambycidae : Suppl. Ent., no. 15, Mar., 1927, pp. 

Foerste, August F. 

Aetinosiphonate, trochoceroid, and other cephalopods: Bull. Sci. Lab. Deni- 
son Univ., vol. 21, Sept., 1926, pp. 285-383, pis. 32-53. 

Forbes, Wm. T. 

The genus Melinaea Hubner, with a description of a new species (Lepi- 
doptera, Ithomiinae) : Journ. New York Ent. Soc, vol. 35, no. 1, Mar., 
1927, pp. 23-36, pis. 2, 3. 

Foshag, William F. 
The selenite caves of Naica, Mexico: Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 12, June, 

1927, pp. 252-256, figs. 1, 2. 
Collecting minerals in Mexico: Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, 

pp. 51-56, figs. 55-59. 
The Roebling mineralogical collection : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 

1927, pp. 58, 59. 

, Harry M. Barman, and Robert B. Gage. 

The occurrence and properties of chlorophoenicite, a new arsenate from 
Franklin, New Jersey: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 20, no. 2669, 
Mar. 17, 1927, pp. 1-6, figs. 1, 2. 

Fouts, Robert M. 
Notes on Serphoidea with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera) : Proc. 
Ent., Soc Washington, vol. 28, no. 8, Nov., 1926, pp. 167-179, figs. 1, 2. 


Fowler, Henry W., and Barton A. Bean. 

Notes on fishes obtained in Sumatra, Java, and Tahiti. Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., vol. 71, art. 10, no. 2QS2, May 4, 1927, pp. 1-15, figs. 1, 2. 

Freeman, O. M. 
Parthenium auriculatum in Burke County, North Carolina : Rhodora, vol. 
28, no. 334, Oct., 1926, p. 208. 

Gage, Robert B. (See under V/illiam F. Foshag.) 
Gahan, A. B. 
Some braconid and chalcid files from Formosa, parasitic on aphids : Proc. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 8, no. 2657, Jan. 7, 1927, pp. 1-7. 
Four new chalcidoid parasites of the pine tip moth Rhyacionia f rustrana 

(Comstock) : Journ. Agrie. Res., vol. 34, Mar. 15, 1927, pp. 545-548. 
Miscellaneous descriptions of new parasitic Hyenoptera with some syno- 

nymical notes : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 71, art. 4, no. 2676, Apr. 18, 

1927, pp. 1-39, pi. 1, figs. 1-3. 
Description of a new species of Mymaridae parasitic in psocid eggs (Hymen- 

optera) ; Pan-Pacific Ent., vol. 3, no. 4, Apr. 1927, pp. 180, 181. 
A new species of Syntomaspis : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 4, Apr. 

1927, pp. 99, 100. 

Garber, Paul E. 
The 1926 National Air Races : U. S. Air Service Mag., vol 11, no. 10, Oct. 1926, 

pp. 13-20, 4 illus. 
Mail Air Tour, 1927: U. S. Air Service Mag., vol 12, no. 6, June, 1927, pp. 

51, 52 

Gardner, Julia. 
The molluscan fauna of the Alum Bluff group of Florida : Prof. Paper, U. S. 
Geol. Surv., no. 142 A, B, C, D, 1926, pp. 1-184, pis. 1-28. 

Gee, N. Gist. 

Tentative list of Chinese decapod Crustacea ; Lingiiaam Agri. Rev., vol. 3, no. 
2, pp. 156-166. 

Gidley, James Williams. 
Pisces : In Bruce Wade, Fauna of the Ripley formation on Coon Creek, Tenn. 

Prof. Paper U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 137, 1926, p. 192, pi. 62, figs. 9, 10 ; pi. 

71, figs. 1-5, 7, 9-11. 
An; elephant hunt in Florida: Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, 

pp. 48-51, fig. 54. 
Investigating evidence of early man in Florida : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 

78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 168-174, figs. 170-176. 

and Frederic B. Loomis. 

Fossil man in Florida : Amer. Journ. Sci., vol. 12, Sept., 1926, pp. 254-264. 
Gilmore, Charles W. 
On a nearly complete lizard skull from the Oligocene of Nebraska: Univ. 

Kansas Sci., Bull., vol. 16, no. 6, Mar., 1926, pp. 229-233, pi. 15. 
Reptilia: In Bruce Wade, Fauna of the Ripley formation on Coon Creek, 
Tenn., Prof. Paper U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 137, 1926, pp. 191, 192, pi. 62, 
figs. 5, 8 ; pi. 71, figs. 6, 8 ; pi. 72. 
Collecting fossil footprints in the Grand Canyon, Ariz.: Smithsonian Misc. 
Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 45^8, figs. 52, 53. 


Ginsburg, Isaac. (See under Samuel F. Hildebrand and Isaac Ginsburg.) 
Goldman, E. A. 
A new kangaroo mouse from Nevada : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, 
Dee. 27, 1926, pp. 127, 128. 

Greene, C. T. 
Descriptions of larvae and pupae of two-winged flies belonging to the family 
Leptidae: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 2, no. 2651, Nov. 12, 1926, 
pp. 1-20, pis. 1-3. 
The larva and puparium of Oedematocera dampfl Aldrich (Diptera) : Proc. 
Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. IS, 19, figs, ctr-d. 

Grinnell, Joseph. 
A new race of Say phoebe, from northern Lower California : Condor, vol. 28, 

no. 4, July 15, 1926, pp. 180, 181. 
A critical inspection of the gnatcatchers of the Californias : Proc. California 

Acad. Sci., ser. 4, vol. 15, no. 16, Sept. 15, 1926, pp. 493-500, 1 fig. 

Hall, David G. 
A new species of Sarcophaga (Diptera) from Ohio: Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, 
nos. 10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1926, pp. 176-178, pi. 2. 

Hall, E. Baymond. 

Systematic notes on the subspecies of Bassariscus astutus with description of 
one new form from California : Univ. California Publ. Zool., vol. 30, 
no. 3, Sept. 8, 1926, pp. 39-50, pis. 2, 3. 

Hall, Eliza Calvert (Mrs. Lida Calvert Obenchain). 
A notable collection of textiles recently presented to the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion : The House Beautiful, vol. 61, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 54, 55, 96, 98, 
10 illus. 

Hall, Maurice C. 

Dirofilaria immitis vomited by a dog : Jouru. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 

1926, p. 87. 
Los parasitos del ganado en la republica de Panama. Memorandum informal 

presentado al Doctor Louis Schapiro. 27 pp. Panama. 
Parasites and parasitic diseases of sheep : Farmers' Bull. no. 1330, U. S. 

Dept Agric, Washington, Jan., 1927, pp. 1-35, figs. 1-34. 
Hookworm studies in Central America, 1926 : Bull. Internat. Health Board, 

N. T., vol. 7, no. 4, Mar., 1927, pp. 262-266. 
The parasite problems of the live stock industry in the United States and in 

Central America : Journ. Amer. Vet. Med. Asso., Detroit, Mich., vol. 70, 

n. s., vol. 23, no. 6, Mar., 1927, pp. 1-35, figs. 1-34. 

Harper, Francis. 

A new marsh wren from Alberta: Occas. Papers Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 
vol. 5, Dec. 10, 1926, pp. 221, 222. 

Harring, H. K,, and Myers, F. J, 
The rotifer fauna of W^isconsin.-III. A revision of the genera Lecane and 
Monostyla : vol. 22, Trans. Wise. Acad. Sci., pp. 315-423, pis. 8-47. 

Harris, Halbert M. 

Distributional notes on some neotropical bugs of the family Nabidae, with 
description of a new species : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 21 . 
no, 2647, Nov. 10, 1926, pp. 1-4. 


Harris, Reginald W. (See under Joseph A. Cushman.) 
Hassall, Albert. (See under C W. Stiles.) 
Hebard, Morgan. 

Studies in the Dermaptera and Orthoptera of Colombia, 4th paper: Trans. 
Amer. Ent. Soc, vol. 52, no, 4, Dee., 1926, pp. 275-354, pis. 18-22. 

Hellmayr, Charles E. 

Catalogue of birds of the Americas, pt. V, Tyrannidae : Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Pub. 242, zool. ser., vol. 13, Apr. 11, 1927, pp. i-vi, 1-517. 

Hildebrand, Samuel F., and Isaac Ginsburg. 

Descriptions of two new species of fishes from Key West, Fla., with notes on 
nine other species collected in the same locality. Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
vol. 42, no. 1013, 1927, pp. 207-215, figs. 1-5. 

Hitchcock, A. S. 

Eragrostis hypnoides and E. reptans: Rhodora, vol. 28, no. 331, July, 1926, 

pp. 113-115. 
An international committee on botanical nomenclature: Science, vol. 64, no. 

1656, Sept. 24, 1926, pp. 290, 291. 
Two new grasses, Psammochloa mongolica from Mongolia and Orthachne 

breviseta from Chile : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 6, Mar. 

19, 1927, pp. 140-142, figs. 1, 2. 
How the taxonomists may utilize the International Committee on Nomencla- 
ture : Science, vol. 65, no. 1687, Apr. 29, 1927, pp. 412-415. 
The grasses of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia : Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb., vol. 24, 

pt. 8, May 4, 1927, pp. 291-556. 
Two new grasses from South America : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, 

no. 9, May 4, 1927, pp. 215-217, figs. 1, 2. 
New species of grasses from Central America: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 79-88. 

Hoffman, William A. 
Notes on Ceratopogoninae (Diptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 28, 
no. 7, Oct., 1926, pp. 156-159, figs. a-a. 

Holt, Ernest Gr. 

Oh a Guatemalan specimen of Progne sinaloae Nelson: Auk, vol. 43, no. 4, 
Oct., 1926, pp. 550, 551. 

Hough, Walter. 
Fire as an agent in human culture : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 139, Dec. 30, 1926, 

pp. i-xiv, 1-270, pis. 1-41, figs. 1-A. 
A new type of stone knife: Amer. Anthrop., vol. 29, no. 2, Apr.-June, 1927, 

pp. 296-298, fig. 1. 
Report on the Department of Anthropology : Annual Report, U. S. Nat. Mus., 

1926, Mar. 11, 1927, pp. 39-48. 

Howell, A. B. 
Voles of the genus Phenacomys, I. Revision of the genus Phenacomys ; II. 

Life history of the red tree mouse (Phenacomys longicaudus) : North 

American Fauna, no. 48, Oct. 12, 1926, pp. i-iv, 1-66, pis. 1-7, figs. 1-11. 
Anatomy of the wood rat (comparative anatomy of the subgenera of the 

American wood rat genus Neotoma) : Monog. Amer. Soc. Mamm., no. 1, 

Oct. 29, 1926, pp. 1-225, pis. 1-3, figs. 1-37. 


Howell, A. 3. — Continued. 
Three new mammals from China : Proc. Biol. Soe. Washington, vol. 39, Dec. 

27, 1926, pp. 137-139. 
A new name for Felis (Catopuma) melli Matschie, and note on the nomen- 
clature of Felis pardus centralis Lonnberg: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 39, Dec. 27, 1926, p. 143. 
On the faunal position of the Pacific coast of the United States: Ecology, 

vol. 8, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 18-26. 
Five new Chinese squirrels : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 4, 

Feb. 19, 1927, pp. 80-84. 
Two new Chinese rats: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, Mar. 5, 1927, 

pp. 43-45. 
Contribution to the anatomy of the Chinese finless porpoise Neomeris phocae- 

noides: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 13, no. 2662, Mar. 11, 1927, 

pp. 1-43, pi. 1, figs. 1-14. 
Visit to a California whaling station : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, 

no. 7, Apr. 21, 1927, pp. 71-79, figs. 78-87. 

Hrdlicka, Ales. 
An appeal to the German colleagues in physical anthropology and anatomy: 

Anthrop. Anz., vol. 3, 1926, p. 119. 
The Krapina Man : Mem. Vol. to K. Gorjanovic-Kramberger, 1926 (Zagreb, 

Jugoslavia), pp. 510, 511. 
The peopling of the earth: Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 65, no. 3, 1926, 

pp. 150-156. 
Note on the Zambesi gravels: in Neville Jones's, The Stone Age in Rhodesia, 

1926 (Oxford Univ. Press, London), pp. 114-116. 
Anthropology and medicine: Amer. Journ. Phys. Anthrop., vol. 10, no. X 

Jan.-Mar., 1927, pp. 1-9. 
Variation in sex characters: Science, Feb. 4, 1927, p. 141. 
Catalogue of human crania in the United States National Museum collections : 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 5, no. 2631, May 4, 1927, pp. 1-127. 
Anthropological work in Alaska : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 

1927, pp. 137-158, figs. 143-157. 
Anthropology of the American negro : Amer. Journ. Phys. Anthrop., vol. 10, 

no. 2, Apr.-June, 1927, pp. 205-235. 

Hubbard, J. W. (See under O. F. Cook.) 
Hubbs, Carl L. 

A check-list of the fishes of the Great Lakes and tributary waters, with 

nomenclatorial notes and analytical keys. Univ. of Mich. Mus. Zool. 

Misc. Pub. no. 15, July 7, 1926, pp. 1-77, pis. 1-4. 

Huber, L. L. 
A taxonomic and. ecological review of the North American chalcid-flies of the 
genus Callimome : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 14, no. 2663, May 
25, 1927, pp. 1-114, pis. 1-A. 

Huene, F. R. von. 

Notes on the age of the continental Triassic beds in North America with 
remarks on some fossil vertebrates : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 18, 
no. 2644, Oct. 15, 1926, pp. 1-10, figs. 1-8. 

Johnston, Ivan M. 

Studies in the Boraginaceae. — VI. A revision of the South American Bora- 
ginoideae: Contr. Gray Herb., no. 78, Mar. 15, 1927, pp. 1-118. 


Judd, Neil M. • 

• '^'!A.rcheological observations north of the Rio Colorado: Bull. Bur. Amer. 

Ethnol., no. 82, 1926, pp. i-ix, 1-171, pis. 1-61, figs. 1-46. 
Archeological investigations in Chaco Canyon, N. Mex. : Smithsonian Misc. 

Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 158-168, figs. 158-169. 

Kellogg, Remington. 

Kentriodon pernix, a Miocene porpoise from Maryland : Proc. IT. S. Nat, Mus., 
vol. 69, art. 19, no. 2645, Feb. 5, 1927, pp. 1-55, pis. 1-14, figs. 1-20. 

Kemp, S. 

Notes on Crustacea decapoda in the Indian Museum. XVII. On various 
Caridea; Rec. Ind. Mus. vol. 27, pt. 4, Calcutta, Aug., 1925, pp. 249-343, 
figs. 1-24. 

Kendall, William Converse. 

The Smelts: Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., vol. 42, no. 1015, 1927, pp. 217-375, figs. 

Kennard, Frederic Hedge. 
The specific status of the greater snow goose : Proc. New England Zool. Club, 
vol. 9, Feb. 16, 1927, pp. 85-93. 

Killip, Ellsworth P. 

. Tetrastylis, a genus of Passifloraceae : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, 
no. 13, Juiy 19, 1926, pp. 3d5-369. 
New plants mainly from western South America : Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 16, no. 21, Dec. 18, 1926, pp. 565-573. 
Passifioraceae. In I. Urban, p]antae Haitienses novae vel rariores IV. a cl. 
E. L. Ekman 1924-26 lectae : Arkiv for Botanik, vol. 21 A, no. 5, 1927, pp. 
New names for tropical American plants : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
40, Mar. 5, 1927, p. 29. 
See also under ,H, Pittier. 

Kirk, Edwin. 

Cymbidium, a new genus of Silutlan pentameroid brachiopods from Alaska : 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 23, no. 2649, Nov. 23, 1926, pp. 1-5, 

pi. 1. 

Tanaodon, a new moUuscan genus from the Middle Devonian -of China: 

Proc. U, S. Nat. Mus., vol.. 70, art. 12, no. 2661, Feb. 25, 1927, pp. 1-4, pi. 1. 

Knight, Harry H. 
Notes on species of Polymerus with descriptions of four new species and two 

new varieties (Hemiptera, Miridae) : Can. Ent., vol. 58, no. 7, July, 1926, 

pp. 164-168. 
A new Semium from Arizona and Colorado (Hemiptera, Miridae) : Bull. 

Brooklyn Ent. Soc, vol. 22,' ho. 1, Feb., 1927, pp. 26, 27. 

Knowlton, Frank Hall. 
Plants of the past, a popular account of fossil plants. Princeton, 1927, pp. 
i-xix, 1-275, 90 illustrations. 

Knuth, R. 
Dioscoreaceae novae. II : Repert. Sp. Nov., vol. 22, nos. 22-^25, July 15, 1926, 
pp. 344-347. 


Knuth, R. — Continued. 

Osalidacearum species novae Anierieanae : Repert. Sp. Nov., vol. 23, nos. 

4r-ll, Oct. 25, 1926, pp. 138-144. 
Oxalidacearum species novae Americunae. II : Repert. Sp. Nov., vol. 23, nos. 

18-25, Mar. 20, 1927, pp. 275-282. 

Komp, W. H. W. 
Observations on Anopheles walkeri and Anopheles atropos (Diptera, Culi- 
cidae) : Ins. Ins. Mens., vol. 14, nus. 10-12, Oct.-Dec, 1926, pp. 168-176. 

Krieger, Herbert W. 

Some aspects of Northv^'est Coast Indian art : Sci. Monthly, vol. 23, Sept. 

1926, pp. 210-219, 6 illustrations. 
Material culture of the people of southeastern Panama, based on specimens 

in the United States National Museum : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 134, 

Nov. 4, 1926, pp. i-v, 1-141, pis. 1-37. 
The collection of primitive weapons and armor of the Philippine Islands in 

the United States National Museum : Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 137, Dec. 

1, 1926, pp. i-iii, 1-128, pis. 1-21, frontispiece. 
Archeoiogical and ethnological studies in southeast Alaska : Smithsonian 

Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 174-187, figs. 177-184. 
Archeoiogical investigations in the Columbia River valley : Smithsonian 

Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 187-200, figs. 185-197. 
Pseudo-culture diffusion on the Northwest coast: Amer. Anthrop., vol. 28, 

no. 2, Apr.-June, 1926, pp. 445-447. 

Kuylen, Henry. (See under Samuel J. Record.) 
Laidlaw, F, F. 

Description of a new dragon fly from Lower Slam belonging to the genus 

Urotheniis : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 17, no. 26G6, Feb. 25, 1927, 

pp. 1-3, pi. 1. 

Leonard, E. C. 
Notes on the genus Sanchezia : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 18, 

Nov. 3, 1926, pp. 484-492. 
Fourteen new species of plants from Hispauiola : Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 17, no. 3, Feb. 3, 1927, pp. 65-73, figs. 1, 2. 
The North American species of Scutellaria : Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb., vol. 22, 

part 10, Feb. 9, 1927, pp. 703-748, 

(See also under J. N. Rose.) 

Ligon, J. Stokley. 

Habits of the spotted owl (Syrnium occidentale) : Auk, vol. 43, no. 4, Oct., 

1926, pp. 421-429, pis. 19-21. 

Lim^priclit, W. 

Nachtriige zu Pedieularis : Repert. Sp. Nov., vol. 23, nos. 18-25, Mar. 20, 

1927, pp. 333-339. 

Lincoln, Frederick C. 

The migration of the cackling goose: Condor, vol. 28, no. 4, July 15, 1926, 
pp. 153-157, figs. 39-41. 

Loomis, Frederic B. (See under James Williams Gidley.) 
MacCallum, G. A. 

Nematode eggs from the gill region of a shark, Carcharhinus milberti: Proc, 
U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 6, no. 2655, Oct. 15, 1926, pp. 1, 2, fig. 1. 


Malloch, J. R. 

A new species of the genus Fannia R.-D. from Nortli America (Diptera, 
Antliomyiidae) ; Ent. News, vol. 38, no. 6, June, 1927, p. 176, figs. 1, 2, 

Mann, W. M. 

Some new neotropical ants : Psyche, vol. 33, nos. 4-5, Aug.-Oct., 1926, pp. 97- 

107, fig. 1. 
Three new Termitophilous beetles from British Guiana: Proc. Ent. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 28, no. 7, Oct., 1926, pp. 151-155, figs. 1, 2. 

Marsh, C. Dwight. 

On a collection of copepoda from Florida, with a description of Diaptomus 
floridanus, new species: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 10, no. 2659, 
Dec. 16, 1926, pp. 1-4, figs. 1-6. 

Marshall, William B. 
New land and fresh-water mollusks from Central and South America : Proc. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 12, no. 2638, Nov. 6, 1926, pp. 1-12, pis. 

A new genus and two new species of South American fresh-water mussels : 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 71, art. 6, no. 2678, Apr. 9, 1927, pp. 1-4, 

pis. 1, 2. 

McAtee, W. L. 
Notes on neotropical Eupteryginae with a key to the varieties of Alebra albo- 
striella (Homoptera: Jassidae) : Journ. New York Ent. Soc, vol. 34, no. 
2, June, 1926 (issued July 28, 1927), pp. 141-174, pis. 19, 20. 
Oicadidae of the vicinity of Washington, D. 0. : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 29, no. 3, Mar., 1927, pp. 70-72. 

McDunnough, J. 

A new Haploptilia (Coleophora) from sweet fern (Lepidoptera) : Can. Ent., 
vol. 58, no. 9, Sept., 1926, p. 218. 

McGill, Frederick A. 

Optometry exhibit at Smithsonian Institute : The Optical Journal and Review 
of Optometry, vol 59, no. 12, Mar, 24, 1927, pp. 31, 32, 1 illus. 

McKee, Oliver, jr. 

Commemorative stamps as teachers of history: Boston Evening Transcript, 
July 10, 1926, Part 5, p. 2, 4 illus. 

McLellan, M. E. 
Notes on birds of Sinaloa and Nayarit, Mexico, in the fall of 1925: Proc. 
California Acad. Sci., ser. 4, vol. 16, no. 1, Jan. 31, 1927, pp. 1-51, figs. 1-3. 

McNeill, Frank A. 

Studies in Australian carcinology No. 2 : Rec. Australian Mus. vol. 15, no. 1, 
Apr. 15, 1926, pp. 100-131, pis. 9, 10, figs. 1-4. 

Merriam, C. Hart. 
The glacier bear : The Field (London), vol. 147, no. 3825, Apr. 15, 1926, p. 658. 

Merrill, E. D. 

New Chinese ligneous plants: Journ. Arn. Arb., vol. 8, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 


Merrill, George P. 
The present condition of knowledge on the composition of meteorites : Proc. 

Amer. PMlos. Soc, vol. 65, no. 2, 1926, pp. 119-130. 
A stony meteorite from Forksville, Mecklenburg County, Va. : Proc. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 21, no. 2670, Feb. 23, 1927, pp. 1^, pis. 1-3. 
Visits to the serpentine district of southern England and the gem-cutting town 

of Oberstein, Germany: Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, 

pp. 21-23, figs. 27-34. 
Report on the department of geology : Annual Report U. S. Nat. Mus., 1926, 

Mar. 11, 1927, pp. 81-97. 

Miller, Gerrit S., jr. 
Bibliography of Ned Hollister, 1892-1925: Rep. Smithsonian Inst, for 1925, 

(Nov. 29, 1926), pp. 609-619. 
Biological field-work in Florida : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 

Apr. 21, 1927, pp. 67-71, figs. 72-77. 
Revised determinations of some tertiary mammals from Mongolia : Palaeon- 

tologia Sinica, series C, vol. 5, Fasc. 2, Apr., 1927, pp. 5-20. 

Miller, W. deW. (See under A. Wetmore.) 
Mitman, Carl W. 
Buck and the Waterbury watch: Jewelers' Circular, vol. 93, no. 6, Sept. 8, 

1926, pp. 12-125, 6 illus. 

Several American stem wind and set inventions : Jewelers' Circular, vol. 

94, no. 1, Feb. 2, 1927, pp. 381-385, 3 illus. 
Watchmakers as inventors: Jewelers' Circular, vol. 94, no. 14, May 4, 1927, 

pp. 137-141, 4 illus. 

Morrill, A. W. 

Description of a new cotton infesting species of Bucculatrix (Lepidoptera) : 
Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, no. 4, Apr., 1927, pp. 94-97, figs. 1, 
2, pi. 4. 

Morrison, Harold. 

Descriptions of new genera and species belonging to the Coccid family Marga- 
rodidae: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 99-110. 

Mousley, Henry. 

Thanaos juvenalis Fabr. (Lepidoptera) : Can. Ent., vol. 58, no. 12, Dec, 1926, 
pp. 293-296, figs. 1-3. 

Muesebeck, C. F. W. 

Descriptions of new reared parasitic Hymenoptera and some notes on syn- 
onymy: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 7, no. 2633, Oct. 15, 1926, 
pp. 1-18. 

A revision of the parasitic wasps of the subfamily Braconinae occurring in 
America north of Mexico : Proc. U, S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 16, no. 
2642, Mar. 17, 1927, pp. 1-73, pis. 1, 2. 

Myers, F. J. (See under H. K. Barring.) 

Needham, James G. 

A Baetine mayfiy nymph with tusked mandibles : Can. Ent., vol. 59, no. 2, Feb., 

1927, pp. 44-47, figs. A-I. 

Nelson, E. W. 

Two new birds from Mexico : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, Aug. 25, 
1926, pp. 105-107. 


Nutting, Charles C. 

Report on the Hydroicla collected hy the United States Fisheries steamer 
"Albatross" in the Philippine region, 1907-1910: Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
no. 100, vol. 6, pt. 3, Apr. 27, 1927, pp. 195-242, pis. 40-47. 

Oberholser, Harry C. 

Description of a new Oriolus from the Nicobar islands : Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 39, July 30, 1926, pp. 31, 32. 

Descriptions of nineteen new East Indian passerine birds : Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 19, Nov. 18, 1926, pp. 515-522. 

Orleman, M. B. (See under C. W. Stiles.) 
Osborn, Herbert. 

Faunistic and ecologic notes on Cuban Homoptera : Ann. Ent. Soc. America, 
vol. 19, no. 3, Sept., 1926, pp. 335-364, pis. 30, 31. 

Palache, Charles, and E. V. Shannon. 

Holdenite, a new arsenate of manganese and zinc, from Franklin, New Jersey : 
Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 12, Apr., 1927, pp. 144-148, fig. 1. 

Peters, James L. 
A review of the races of Elaenia martinica (Linne) : Occas. Papers Boston 

Soc. Nat. Hist., vol. 5, June 7, 1926, pp. 197-202. (Omitted from last 

The North American races of Falco columbarius : Bull. Essex Co. Orn. Club, 

for 1926, May 9, 1927, pp. 20-26. 

Pickens, A. L. 

Intermediate between Bufo fowleri and Bufo americanus : Copeia, No. 162, 
Jan.-Mar. 1927, p. 25. 

Pittier, H. 

The Lecythidaceae of Central America: Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb., vol. 26, 

pt. 1, May 2, 1927, pp. 1-14, pis. 1-12. 
Six new Convolvulaceae from Venezuela : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 
17, no. 11, June 4, 1927, pp. 284-288. 

and E. P. Killip. 

Venezuelan species of Valeriana, section Porteria : Journ. Washington Acad, 
Sci., vol. 16, no. 15, Sept. 19, 1926, pp. 422-428, figs. 1-8. 

Pohl, Erwin E. 

Geological field work in New York and Ontario : Smithsonian Misc. Coll.s..- 
vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 40-44, figs. 46-51. 

Porter, Bennet A. 
American wasps of the genus Sceliphron Klug : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70. 
art. 1, no. 2650, Dec. 1, 1926, pp. 1-22, pis. 1-4. 

Price, Emmett W. 

Ancylostoma braziliense de Faria, 1910, a parasite of the dog in the United 
States: Journ. Amer. Vet. Med. Asso., Detroit, Mich., vol. 69, n. s., vol. 
22, no. 4, July, 1926, pp. 490-492, fig. 1. 
A note on Oncicola canis (Kaupp), an acanthocephalJd parasite of the dog: 
Journ. Amer. Vet. Med. Asso., Detroit, Mich., vol. 69, n. s., vol. 22, no. 6, 
Sept., 1926, pp. 704-710, figs. 1-6. 


Eathbuu, Mary J. 

Crustacea : In Bruce Wade, Fauua of the Ripley formation on Coon Creek, 

Tennessee, Prof. Paper U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 137, 1926, pp. 18^191, pis. 

The fossil stalk-eyed Crustacea of the Pacific Slope of North America : Bull. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 138, Dec. 30, 1926, pp. i-vii, 1-155, pis. 1-39, figs. 1-6. 

Ravenel, W. deC. 
Department of Arts and Industries and Division of History : Annual Report, 
U. S. Nat. Mus., 1926, Mar, 11, 1927, pp. 99-121. 

Record, Samuel J. 
Trees of Honduras : Trop. "Woods, no. 10, June 1, 1927, pp. 10-47. 

and Henry Kuylen. 

Trees of the lower Rio Motagua Valley, Guatemale: Tropical Woods, no. 7, 
Sept. 1, 1926, pp. 10-29. 

Reeside, Jolin B., jr. 
A comparison of the genera Metaplacenticeras Spath and Placenticeras Meek : 
Prof. Paper U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 147-A, 1926, pp. 1-5, pis. 1, 2. 

Resser, Charles E. 
Geological field work in the Rocky Mountains : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., 
vol. 78, no. 7, 1927, pp. 36-39, figs. 41-45. 

Richniond, Charles W. 
Note on Myiothera loricata S. Miiller: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, 

Dec. 27, 1926, p. 141. 
On the name Phalacrocorax vigua : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, 

Dec. 27, 1926, p. 142. 
Generic names applied to birds during the years 1916 to 1922, inclusive, with 

additions to Waterhouse's " Index Generum Avium " : Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., vol. 70, art. 15, no. 2664, Apr. 6, 1927, pp. 1-44. 
Two preoccupied generic names for birds : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 

40, June 30, 1927, p. 97. 

Ridgway, Robert. 

As to the type of Falco peregrinus pealei : Condor, vol. 28, no. 5, Sept. 21, 
1926, p. 240. 

Riley, J. H, 
A new genus and species of ground warbler from the province of Szechwan, 

China : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, July 30,. 1926, pp. 55, 56. 
A new species of Liocichla from the mountains of Szechwan, China : Proc. 

Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 39, July 30, 1926, pp. 57, 58. 
A collection of birds from the provinces of Yunnan and Szechwan, China, 

made for the National Geographic Society by Dr. Joseph F. Rock : Proc. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 5, no. 2654, Oct. 23, 1926, pp. 1-70. 
Note on the genus Irena Horsfield : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 40, 

Mar. 5, 1927, pp. 23, 24. 
Description of a new owl from Engano island : Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 93, 94. 
Spolia Mentawiensia — three new birds from the Mentawi islands : Proc. Biol. 

Soc. Washington, vol. 40, June 30, 1927, pp. 95, 96. 


Robinson, B. L. 
Records preliminary to a general treatment of the Eupatorieae-VI : Contr. 
Gray Herb., no. 77, Sept. 30, 1926, pp. 1-62. 

Sohwer, S. A. 
Description of a new Braconid parasite of Artona eatoxantba (Hymeiioptera) : 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 28, no. 8, Nov., 1926, pp. 188, 189. 
A new Tiphia from Korea ( Hymen optera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 

29, no. 1, Jan., 1927, pp. 19, 20. 
Some scoliid vrasps from tropical America: Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., 

vol. 17, no. 6, Mar. 19, 1927, pp. 150-155. 
Tw^o European sawflies of the genus Emphytina found in the United States 

(Hymenoptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol, 29, no. 3, Mar:, 1927, 

pp. 66, 67. 
On the synonymy of a leaf mining sawfly. Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 29, 

no. 3, Mar., 1927, pp. 67-69. 

Rose, J. N. 

Professor D. Carlos Spegazzini, 1858-1926: Journ. N. Y. Bot. Gard., vol. 28, 
no. 329, May, 1927, pp. 118, 119. 
( See also under N. L. Britton and J. M. Coulter. ) 

and E. C. Leonard. 

Some Mimosaceae from Hispaniola : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, 
no. 10, May 19, 1927, pp. 254-259. 

and Paul C. Standley. 

The Central American species of Hydrocotyle: Journ. Washington Acad 
Sci., vol. 17, no. 8, Apr. 19, 1927, pp. 194-197. 

Rothschild, Lord. 
On the avifauna of Yunnan, with critical notes: Nov. Zool., vol. 33, no. 3, 
Dec. 8, 1926, pp. 189-343. 

Rusby, H. H. 
Additions to the genus Munnozia R. & P. : Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, vol. 54, 
no. 4, Apr., 1927, pp. 311-320. 

Rydberg, Per Axel. 
Notes on Fabaceae-IX: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, vol. 54, no. 4, Apr., 1927, 
pp. 321-336. 

Schaeffer, Charles. 
New species of Boloschesis (=Chlamys) with notes on known species (Coleop- 
tera ; Chrysomelidae ; Fulcidacinae) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 
28, no. 8, Nov., 1926, pp. 181-187. 

Schaus, William. 

A new Satyrid from China (Lepidoptera) : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, vol. 

28, no. 9, Dec, 1926, p. 218. 
New species of Lepidoptera from South America : Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 29, no, 4, April, 1927, pp. 73-82. 

Scbindler, A. K. 
Desmodii generumque affinium species et combinationes novae. II : Repert. 
Sp. Nov., vol. 22, nos. 13-21, June 15, 1926, pp. 250-288. 


Schmitt, Waldo L. 
Report on the Crustacea macrura (Families Peneidae, Campylonotidae and 
Pandalidae) obtained by the F. I. S. " Endeavour " in Australian Seas, 
with notes on the species of "Penaeus" described by Haswell and con- 
tained, in part, in the collections of the Macleay Museum, at the Uni- 
versity of Sydney: Biolog. Results of the Fishing Experiments carried 
on by the F. I. S. " Endeavour " 1909-14, vol. 5, pt. 6, Commonwealth of 
Australia, Dept. Trade and Customs, Fisheries, Sydney, June 15, 1926,. 
pp. 311-381, pis. 57-68. 

Schulz, 0. E. 

Cruciferae-Draba et Brophila : In A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich, Heft 89 
(IV. 105), 1927, pp. 1-396, figs. 1-35. 

Schwartz, Benjamin. 

A new parasitic nematode from the stomach of an unknown member of the 

Cervidae: Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, pp. 25-28, pi. 1, 

figs. 1-5. 
Occurrence of Spirocerca sanguinolenta in a dog in North Dakota : Journ. 

Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, p. 83. 
Occurrence of the nodular worm Borgelatia diducta in swine in Mauke, 

Cook Island South Seas: Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, 

p. 83. 
Correspondence between the description of Oesophagostomum dentatum by 

Railleet, Henry and Bauche (1919) and that of O. longicaudum Goodey 

1925 : Journ. Parasitol., vol. 13, no. 1, Sept., 1926, p. 84. 
Specific identity of whipworms from swine: Journ. Agric. Res., Washington, 

vol. 33, no. 4, Aug. 15, 1926, pp. 311-316, figs. 1, 2. 
A possible new source of infection of man with Trichuris. With a considera- 
tion of the question of physiological varieties among helminths : Arch, f . 

Schiffs- u. Tropen-Hyg., Leipz., vol. 30, no. 9, Sept. 13, 1926, pp. 544^547. 
Nematodes belonging to the genus Setaria parasitic in the eyes of horses: 

North Amer. Vet., Chicago, vol. 8, no. 2, Feb., 1927, pp. 24^-27, figs. 1, 2. 
A new parasitic nematode from an unknown species of bat : Proe. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., vol. 71, art. 5, no. 2677, Apr. 6, 1927, pp. 1-A, figs. 1-4. 

Shannon, Earl V. 
The serpentine locality of Montville, New Jersey : Amer. Mineralogist, vol. 12, 

Feb., 1927 pp. 53-55. 
The Canfield mineralogical collection : Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 78, no. 7, 
1927, pp. 57, 58, figs. 60, 61. 
(See also under Charles Palache.) 

Shannon, Raymond C. 

The Chrysotoxine syrphid-fiies : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, art. 11, no. 2637, 
Nov. 26, 1926, pp. 1-20. 

Review of the American Xylotine syrphid-fiies : Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 69, 
art. 9, no. 2635, Dec. 1, 1926, pp. 1-52L 

On the characteristics of the occiput of the Diptera : Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 29, no. 2, Feb., 1927, pp. 47, 48. 

A review of the South American two-winged files of the family Syrphidae: 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 70, art. 9, no. 2658, Apr. 29, 1927, pp. 1-34, pi. 1. 

(See also under Harrison G. Dyar.) 

69199—27 15 


Shoemaker, Clarence R. 

Results of the Hudson Bay Expedition in 1920 V. Report on the marine am- 
phipods collected in Hudson and James Bays by Frits Johansen in the 
summer of 1920: Contr. Can. Biol. & Fish., vol. 3, no. 1, 1926, pp. 3-11. 

Skutch, Alexander F. 

On the habits and ecology of the tube-building amphipod Amphithoe rubri- 
cata Montagu : BcoL, vol. 7, no. 4, Oct., 1926, pp. 481-502, figs. 1, 2. 

Smith, Ralph Clifton. 

The printing of fine books: Inland Printer, vol. 78, no. 1, Oct. 1926, p. 64, 

11 illus. 
Paper covered books in France: Ihternational Bookbinder, vol. 27, no. 10, 

Oct. 1926, pp. 509-511, 4 illus. 
How to collect prints: Museum Graphic, vol. 1, no. 5, May 1927, pp. 179-183, 

1 illus. 

Snyder, Ii. L. 
The birds of WrangeU Island, with special reference to the Crawford col- 
lection of 1922 : Univ. Toronto Studies, Biol. Ser., no. 28, 1926, pp. 1-20. 

Snyder, Thomas E. 
The biology of the termite castes: Quart. Review Biol., vol. 1, no. 4, Oct.,, 

1926, pp. 522-552, 15 figs. 
Changes of names of termites (Isoptera). General notes: Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 39, Dec. 27, 1926, p. 143. 

iSpeer, Alma Jane. 
Compendium of the parasites of mosquitoes (Culicidae) : Hyg. Lab, Bull., 
no. 146, 1927, pp. 1-36. 

Springer, Frank. 
American Silurian crinoids. Washington, 1926, pp. i-iv, 1-239, pis. 1-33, 
figs. 1-3, 2 portraits. 

Standley, Paul C. 
Pdrrafos de una carte de un profesor norteamericano sobre cosas de Centro 

America: Pareceres (San Salvador), vol. 1, no. 2, July 15, 1926, p. 3. 
New species of trees collected in Guatemala and British Honduras by 

Samuel J. Record : Trop. Woods, no. 7, Sept. 1, 1926, pp. 4-9. 
The genus Calatola : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 15, Sept. 19, 

1926, pp. 413-418, fig. 1. 
The flora of Venezuela : Bull. Pan Amer. Union, vol. 60, no. 10, Oct. 1, 1926, . 

pp. 978-990, illus. 
(Descriptions of Torrubia leonis, Rondeletia myrtacea, R. ingrata, R. gaul- 

therioides, Chimarrhis macrocarpa.) In N. L. Britton, Studies of West 

Indian plants— XIII : Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, vol. 53, no. 7, Oct., 1926, 

pp. 457-471. 
The Costa Rican species of Ilex. : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, no. 18, 

Nov. 3, 1926, pp. 481-484. 
Trees and shrubs of Mexico (Bignoniaceae-Asteraceae) : Contr. U. S. Nat. 

Herb., vol. 23, part 5, Nov. 15, 1926, pp. 1313-1721. 
Three new species of Central American trees : Trop. Woods, no. 8, Dec. ,1, 

1926, pp. 4-6. 
A new species of Gymnanthes from Texas: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 39, Dec. 27, 1926, p. 135. 


Standley, Paul C. — Continued. 

New plants from Central America — VI: Journ. "Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 

17, no. 1, Jan. 3, 1927, pp. 7-16. 
Primula Parryi : Card. Chron., vol. 81, no. 2089, Jan. 8, 1927, p. 27, fig. 16. 
Plants of Glacier National Park : pp. i-iv, 1-110, colored pis. 1-5, figs. 1-^150. 

U. S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, D. C, 

Jan. 25, 1927. 
The ferns of Barro Colorado Island — I: Amer. Fern Journ., vol. 16, no. 4, 

Feb.,, 1927, pp. 112-120. 
A counterfeit collection of Mexican plants falsely attributed to Brother G. 

Ars^ne: Science, vol. 65, no. 1675, Feb. 4, 1927, pp. 130-133. Reprinted, 

in part, in Journ. Bot. Brit. & For., vol. 65, no. 772, Apr., 1927, pp. 

Alfaroa, a new genus of trees of the family Juglandaceae from Costa Rica : 

Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 17, no. 4, Feb. 19, 1927, pp. 77-79. 
Poisonous trees of Central America: Trop. Woods, no. 9, Mar. 1, 1927, pp. 

Three new species of plants collected in British Honduras by Harry W. 

Winzerling : Trop. Woods, no. 9, Mar. 1, 1927, pp. 10-12. 
Calderonia salvadorensis found in British Honduras : Trop. Woods, no. 9, 

Mar. 1, 1927, p. 12. 
Ferns of Barro Colorado Island-II: Amer. Fern Journ., vol. 17, no. 1, Mar., 

1927, pp. 1-8. 
New plants from Central America.-VII : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 

17, no. 7, Apr. 4, 1927, pp. 159-171. 
New plants from Central America.-VIII : Journ. Washintgon Acad. Sci., 

vol. 17, no. 10, May 19, 1927, pp. 245-254. 
The flora of Barro Colorado Island, Panama: Smithsonian Misc. Colls., vol. 

78, no. 8, May 20, 1927, pp. 1-32. 
(Descriptions of Zanthoxylum ferrisiae, EsenbecMa nesiotiea, Astrocasia 

peltata, Acalypha verbenacea, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Matayba 

spondioides.) In Roxana S. Ferris, Preliminary report on the flora of 

the Tres Marias Islands: Contr. Dudley Herb., vol. 1, no. 2, May 21, 

1927, pp. 63-81, pis. 1-4. 
New or otherwise interesting trees and shrubs collected in Guatemala and 

Honduras in 1927 by Samuel J. Record and Henry Kuylen : Trop. Woods, 

no. 10, June 1, 1927, pp. 4-7. 
New trees collected in Panama by George P. Cooper and George M. Slater; 

Trop. Woods, no. 10, June 1, 1927, pp. 47-51. 
(Letter addressed to Samuel J. Record) : Unifruitco, vol. 2, no. 11, June, 1927, 

p. 636. 
New plants from Central America.-IX: Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 

17, no. 12, June 19, 1927, pp. 309-317. 

(See also under J. N. Rose.) 

Stejneger, Leonhard. 

Two new tailless batrachians from western China: Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 39, July 30, 1926, pp. 53, 54. 

A new toad from China : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 16, Oct. 4, 1926, 
p. 446. 

Identity of Hallowell's snake genera Megalops and Aepidea : Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., vol. 69, art. 17, no. 2643, Oct. 16, 1926, pp. 1-3. 

Report on the Department of Biology : Annual Report, U. S. Nat. Mus., 1926, 
Mar. 11, 1927, pp. 49-80. 

A new genus and species of frog from Tibet : Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., 
vol. 17, no. 12, June 19, 1927, pp. 317-^19. 


Stiles, C. W. 
The names Simla, S. satyrus, and Plthecus: Science, vol. 64, no. 1649, Aug. 

6, 1926, p. 138 ; Nature, July 10, 1926, p. 49. 
Zoological nomenclature : Science, Oct. 15, 1926, p. 381. 
The underlying factors in the confusion in zoological nomenclature: Science, 

vol. 65, Feb. 25, 1927, pp. 194-199. 
International commission on zoological nomenclature: Science, vol. 65, Mar. 

25, 1927, pp. 300, 301. 
Sixty-one names under consideration for inclusion in the official List of 

Generic names : Science, vol. 65, May 13, 1927, pp. 471, 472. 

and Albert Hassall. 

Key-catalogue of the vrorms reported for man: Hyg. Lab. Bull. no. 142, 

1926, pp. 69-196. 
Key-catalogue of the Crustacea and arachnoids of importance in public health : 
Hyg. Lab. Bull. no. 148, 1927, pp. 197-289. 

and M. B. Orleman. 

La Nomenclature des genres de Cestodes, Raillietina, Ransomia, et John 

stonia: Ann, de Parasitol. humaine et comparee, Jan. 1926, vol. 4 (1), 

pp. 65-67. 
Retention of Cercopithecus, type diana, for the Guenons : Journ. Mam., vol. 7, 

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The nomenclature for man, the chimpanzee, the orang-utan, and the Barbary 

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